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2014

SEAFDEC/AQD CALENDAR


40 years

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of research and development

EAFDEC/AQD’s work in the past 40 years focuses on developing the breeding and culture technologies for tiger shrimp, milkfish, tilapia, carps, catfish, mussels, oysters, giant freshwater prawn, marine fishes (seabass, groupers, red snapper, rabbitfish, pompano), seaweeds, abalone, mudcrab and sandfish. Due to these efforts, aquaculture today is less dependent on wild seed stocks since technologies for full-cycle aquaculture has been developed for most of the commodities. QD has also embarked on research on mangroves, stock enhancement and community-based fishery resource management to better protect aquatic resources while ensuring that resource users continue to benefit and profit. With more innovation in fish farming technologies through research-and-development to which AQD plays an important role, fish farms can be both profitable and environmentfriendly.

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CORE PHILOSOPHY AQD is committed to sustainable stewardship of aquaculture resources through research and the promotion of appropriate aquaculture technologies and information relevant to Southeast Asia

VISION A global leader in the generation and transfer of appropriate and sustainable tropical aquaculture technologies for food security and holistic human development

MISSION To provide dynamic and competent leadership in the generation and promotion of sustainable science-based technologies to strengthen stakeholder capacities in aquaculture and aquatic resources management

SEAFDEC [Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center] is a regional treaty organization established in December 1967 to promote fisheries development in the region. The member-countries are Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. AQD [Aquaculture Department] which was established in1973 as one of the departments of SEAFDEC is mandated to: (1) promote and undertake research on aquaculture relevant and appropriate to Southeast Asia, (2) develop human resource capability in aquaculture through training and extension, (3) disseminate and exchange information in aquaculture.

Binangonan Freshwater Station, Rizal

Tigbauan Main Station, Iloilo

Dumangas Brackishwater Station, Iloilo

Igang Marine Station, Guimaras


R&D Thematic Areas Producing quality seed for sustainable aquaculture The program covers studies and activities that will generate, verify and promote technologies to ensure the sustainable production of quality seedstock for aquaculture as well as for stock enhancement

Maintaining environmental integrity through responsible aquaculture The program focuses on the impacts of aquaculture on the environment. It also aims to develop environment-friendly aquaculture technologies

Meeting social and economic challenges in aquaculture The program aims to enhance the role of aquaculture in improving livelihood and food security, support the sustainability of the environment and resources, and identify relevant policies, infrastructure and linkages

Promoting healthy and wholesome aquaculture The strategies invoked in this program are on nutrition to promote healthy farmed aquatic animals; monitoring, diagnosis and control of diseases, environmental integrity and food safety

Adapting to climate change The program aims to identify the accompanying changes in the environment brought about by the changing climate that may affect the aquaculture sector, and prepare the sector for the possible effects that these changes may have on aquaculture operations

Promotion of sustainable and regionoriented aquaculture practices Through AQD, the ASEAN-SEAFDEC Fisheries Consultative Group mechanism funded by the Government of Japan - Trust Fund implements the program on Promotion of sustainable aquaculture and resource enhancement in Southeast Asia. The program has four projects: (1) promotion of sustainable and region-oriented aquaculture practices; (2) resource enhancement of internationally threatened and over-exploited species in Southeast Asia through stock release; (3) accelerating awareness and capacity-building in fish health management; and (4) food safety of aquaculture products


Giant tiger shrimp The giant tiger shrimp or Penaeus monodon, initially produced in the Philippines as an incidental crop in milkfish pond culture, became the country’s top dollar earner in the late ‘70s. This was largely attributed to SEAFDEC/AQD’s pioneering work on the biology, broodstock management and maturation through eyestalk ablation, and development of seed production technology that led to backyard hatcheries mushrooming in the country. AQD’s studies on nutrition, health management, and grow-out culture have been very relevant to the shrimp industry’s needs.

MAIN PHOTO FROM AQD ARCHIVE; INSET PHOTOS BY JM DELA CRUZ / D CATEDRAL


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Milkfish The pioneering research at SEAFDEC/AQD on the reproductive and larval biology as well as nutritional requirements of milkfish in the 1970s and the 1980s paved the way for breeding of milkfish in captivity and production of high-quality fry. Hatcheries now supply most of the fry and fingerling requirements of the milkfish industry which has seen dramatic expansion from traditional culture in brackishwater ponds to pens and cages in freshwater bodies and coastal waters.

MAIN PHOTO BY JM DELA CRUZ INSET PHOTOS FROM AQD ARCHIVE


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MAIN PHOTO BY MJH LEBATA-RAMOS INSET PHOTO BY ET QUINITIO

Mud crab or mangrove crab Farming of mud crab or mangrove crab in the Philippines mostly uses wild crablets which has led to their scarcity. To address this problem, SEAFDEC/AQD developed the hatchery and nursery technologies beginning the late 1990s. AQD has also formulated crab diets for grow-out culture in 2002, reducing the use of fish as aquafeed. The life cycle of Scylla species was completed in captivity in 1998 and crablets were commercially produced starting in early 2000. With the improvement in farming systems, domestication of Scylla serrata was made possible by AQD in 2010.


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Tropical abalone

Owing to its excellent meat and shell qualities, the tropical abalone Haliotis asinina is a valuable resource that may be threatened by over-exploitation. SEAFDEC/AQD started R&D on abalone aquaculture and stock enhancement in 1997 and has completed the abalone’s life cycle in captivity; developed techniques for mass seed production and grow-out culture in floating sea cages using seaweeds; formulated diets for broodstock, larvae and juveniles; and developed shell marking techniques to identify hatchery-produced stocks from wild abalone which is a valuable tool for stock enhancement. To support the growing abalone industry, AQD started offering the training course on abalone hatchery and grow-out culture annually since 2005. MAIN PHOTO BY J ZARATE; INSET PHOTOS FROM AQD ARCHIVE AND MJH LEBATA-RAMOS


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Tilapia, carp and catfish Since its freshwater station was established in 1976, SEAFDEC/AQD has been at the forefront of freshwater aquaculture R&D, focusing on the breeding and farming of Nile / red tilapia, bighead carp, and the native clariid catfish. AQD developed feed formulations, farm-based genetic selection schemes and methods for the application of DNA markers in stock management. At present, AQD is actively pursuing research on indigenous freshwater fishes like silver therapon and climbing perch both for aquaculture and biodiversity conservation.

MAIN PHOTO BY JM DE LA CRUZ; INSET PHOTOS FROM AQD ARCHIVE


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Mangroves Mangrove research at SEAFDEC/AQD started in 1993. The studies were on aquasilviculture of different aquaculture commodities (milkfish, prawns, mud crabs) inside the mangroves; capability of mangroves to absorb nutrients; population, biological & ecological studies on mangroveassociated fauna; and impacts of aquaculture on mangroves & fisheries.

PHOTOS BY MJH LEBATA-RAMOS


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One community...


PHOTO BY RJ PATINA

...one family


Marine fish The demand for live reef food fish like groupers continues to rise as people realize the health benefits of eating fish. Production of seeds from captive breeding programs for a variety of high-value marine fish species like sea bass, red snapper, rabbitfish and pompano for full-cycle aquaculture will help ease the pressure on wild fisheries.

PHOTOS BY J ZARATE


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Seaweeds Seaweeds are the Philippines’ top export commodity, and to help maintain the industry’s competitiveness, SEAFDEC/ AQD started its seaweed R&D in 1991. Milestones at AQD include: (1) production of Kappaphycus plantlets from spores and successfully testing their viability in open sea culture; (2) tissue culture of Kappaphycus and extending this technology through training; (3) use of Gracilaria as biofilter; (4) improvement of growout techniques and introducing these to major farming areas in the country like Tawi-tawi and Zamboanga; and (5) publication of a monograph on the Seaweeds of Panay.

PHOTOS BY MR LUHAN


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Sandfish The sandfish Holothuria scabra is considered one of the most commercially important tropical sea cucumbers (or trepang) threatened by overfishing. In collaboration with various national and international research organizations and private institutions, SEAFDEC/ AQD continues to refine the techniques for sandfish hatchery, nursery and grow-out production to increase growth and survival. Capacity building on sea cucumber culture techniques and dissemination of science-based information materials are being pursued to create awareness as well as to accelerate adoption of sea cucumber culture to meet the high demand for dried trepang, and at the same time, safeguard and enhance natural sea cucumber populations.

MAIN PHOTO BY JM DE LA CRUZ; UPPER INSET PHOTO BY MF NIEVALES MIDDLE AND LOWER INSET BY J ALTAMIRANO


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Giant freshwater prawn SEAFDEC/AQD collaborated with researchers in Thailand and Indonesia on a program on genetic improvement of giant freshwater prawn resulting in improved survival in the hatchery from less than 10% to 70% and subsequent development of lake-based cage culture techniques, including net cage culture of prawn and tilapia. Improved technologies have been transferred to stakeholders in yearly training courses and disseminated through extension manuals. Guided by SEAFDEC/AQD’s work on genetic characterization of the Philippine prawn populations, the best breeders are used to develop effective broodstock management schemes to further improve reproduction, growth and production performance.

PHOTOS BY MLC ARALAR


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Community-based fishery resource management

Responding to declining fish catches, SEAFDEC/AQD partnered with the fisherfolk of Malalison Island, Culasi, Antique in promoting and showcasing the concepts of community-based fisheries resources management (CFRM) resulting in a dramatic shift in resource use practices from destructive illegal fishing methods to resource users co-managing their fisheries resources. Based on the Malalison experience, multi-disciplinary, community-based and participatory strategies are now the hallmarks of SEAFDEC/AQD’s approach to development-oriented projects like the promotion of aquaculture technologies to small fishers/farmers, stock enhancement and resources management through institutional capacity development mechanisms.

PHOTOS FROM AQD ARCHIVE


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SEAFDEC/AQD at 40:

Improving lives through sustainable aquaculture Thursday

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Stock enhancement The stock enhancement program at SEAFDEC/AQD started in 2002 as part of a project funded by the European Commission on the “Culture and management of Scylla spp.” In 2005, the Government of Japan Trust Fund (GOJ-TF) initiated a five-year “Resource enhancement program for the giant clam Tridacna gigas, abalone Haliotis spp. and seahorses Hippocampus spp.” The GOJ-TF support has been extended until 2014 to include mud crabs Scylla spp. and Napoleon wrasse Cheilinus undulatus.

MAIN PHOTO BY MJH LEBATA-RAMOS; INSET PHOTOS BY MJH LEBATA-RAMOS AND J ALTAMIRANO


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SEAFDEC/AQD at 40:

Improving lives through sustainable aquaculture Thursday

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JDC JDC

Photo by J Zarate

Nutrition & Feed Development Section

Laboratory Facilities for Advanced Aquaculure Technologies

JDC

Dumangas Brackishwater Station Photo by RJ Pati単a

Igang Marine Station

Socioeconomics Section

JDC

Management Group (Office of the Chief, Office of the Deputy Chief, Internal Audit)

Fish Health Section

JDC

Binangonan Freshwater Station

Photo by J Zarate

Photo by JM de la Cruz (JDC)

JDC

Research Division

Photo by J Zarate

Farming Systems & Ecology Section

Photo by ZG Orozco

Photo by RJ Pati単a

Breeding & Seed Production Section

Technology Verification Section

JDC

Manila Office

Demonstration & Packaging Section

Technology Verification and Demonstration Division


JDC

organizational structure

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JDC

QD employees must have only one loyalty and that is to AQD; we must have one motivation and that is service to all the stakeholders; and we must have only one guide and that is AQD’s triple mandate of research, human resources development & information dissemination.

Development Communication Section

Photo by J Zarate

Photo by J Zarate

AQD

Training Section

Library and Data Banking Services Section

Photo by J Zarate

JDC

JDC

Training and Information Division

Fishworld

JDC

Engineering Section

Materials Control Unit

Felix Ayson, D.Sc.

Human Resource Management Section

Photographers & photo shoot coordinators

JDC

RJ Patiña

Photo by J Laranja Jr

Chief, SEAFDEC/AQD

(L-R) Ms. Zenith Gaye Orozco, Ms. Joesyl Marie dela Cruz, Dr. Jacques Zarate, Dr. Satoshi Watanabe, Mr. Joseph Leopoldo Laranja Jr, Ms. Mila Castaños Write-ups: Dr. Evelyn Grace de Jesus-Ayson, Dr. Ma. Junemie Hazel Lebata-Ramos, Dr. Fe Dolores Estepa, Dr. Emilia Quinitio, Ms. Milagros de la Peña, Dr. Ma. Rowena Eguia, Ms. Ma. Rovilla Luhan, Dr. Jon Altamirano, Dr. Ma. Lourdes Aralar, Ms. Didi Baticados Concept, design & layout: Ms. MT Castaños, Ms. JM dela Cruz Review: Dr. Felix Ayson, Dr. EG de Jesus-Ayson, Dr. MJL Lebata-Ramos, Dr. ET Quinitio Production: Development Communication Section

Accounting Section

BudgetCashiering Section

Photo by J Zarate

Administration and Finance Division


FRONT COVER Milkfish Chanos chanos BACK COVER Staff of Igang Marine Station PHOTOS BY J ZARATE

Published and printed by Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Department Tigbauan 5021, Iloilo, Philippines Tel: (63-33) 511-9170, 511-9171 Fax: (63-33) 511-8709, 511-9070 Email: aqdchief@seafdec.org.ph Š 2014 SEAFDEC/AQD

www.seafdec.org.ph


2014-aqd-calendar