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Saptarishis Gurukul A Gurukul translated in English would mean a School of learning where a teacher (guru) teaches his students (sishya) or replies to their queries. This section is akin to Your Technical Difficulties solved wherein scholars of Vedic Astrology from all over the world would reply to technical questions asked by the readers to the best of their abilities. Readers can send in their questions to The set up is to have 1 gurukul (school) assigned to each of the 7 sages i.e. Saptarishis. The names of the gurukul are assigned to each of the Saptarishis of the present manvantara (era) & within each gurukul there would be one or more teachers. The ideal aim is to have 84 gurukuls for the 84 main rishis. Within each gurukul the faculty members are given below and, depending on their time and schedule, they would come and go. At times we would find their answers wanting and sometimes another teacher can answer particular types of questions better. At the end of the year, if any guru or even a reader feels he has a better answer to the question posted than what another guru has replied, then he or she can send it to us. These answers would be posted anonymous so as not to hurt the seniority of the guru as that should never be anyone’s intention. One must understand that there are numerous branches of astrology and not every guru has concentrated on every branch in-depth. Saptarishis Astrology would normally take care of sending the right set of questions to the right guru so that the readers will get the most appropriate answer. At times, if a Guru feels like giving a short piece of lecture on a topic that is not even asked about, he or she can do that as it will only increase our learning. These gurukuls are not assigned any order of preference & each rishis gurukul is treated alike. Gurus of Saptarishis Gurukul 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Vamadeva Shastri (Dr David Frawley), USA Dr. Suresh Chandra Mishra, India Prof Ramachandra Pandey, India Iranganti Rangacharya, India N.Sundara Rajan, India U.K.Jha, India Ernst Wilhem, USA

Kindly send in your questions to . We bow to the above Gurus for the learning they will kindly shower on us.


Sage Gautama’s Vidyashram


autama Maharishi is one of the Saptarishis of the current Manvantara (seventh). He was one of the Maharishis of Vedic times, known to have been the discoverer of Mantras -- 'Mantradrashtaa', in Sanskrit. The Rig Veda has several suktas (Sanskrit: 'hymns') that go with his name. He was the son of Rahugana, belonging to the line of Angiras. The Devi Bhagavatam says that the river Godavari is so named because of its association with Gautama. He had two sons by name Vamadeva and Nodhas, both themselves discoverers of Mantras. There is a hymn called Bhadra in the Sama Veda which again is ascribed to Gautama Maharishi.

Guru: Shri Vamadeva Shastri


amadeva (Dr. Frawley) is a unusual western born knowledge-holder in the Vedic tradition. He carries many special Vedic ways of knowledge (vidyas), which he passes on to students in India and in the West. In India, Vamadeva is recognized not only as a Vedacharya (Vedic teacher), but also as a Vaidya (Ayurvedic doctor), Jyotishi (Vedic astrologer), Puranic (Vedic historian) and Yogi. He is a visiting professor for the Vivekananda Yoga Kendra in Bangalore, India, a government approved deemed university for yogic and Vedic studies and also a teacher with the Sringeri Shankaracharya Math, the most central of the traditional Vedantic centers in India. In America he is more known as a teacher and practitioner of Ayurvedic medicine and of Vedic astrology (Jyotish) and has done pioneering work on both these subjects in the West.

Q.1 Sir, how is one to use herbs and astrology exactly. It is said that our ancient rishis knew it but now nobody writes on this subject. In various texts we find mention that herbs are to be used for remedies but how exactly to be used is not known to us, pls guide – Question by Sanjeev Monga, Delhi. Shri Vamadeva Shastri: That is a big topic, with several levels of consideration, including how you are intending to use the herbs. First of all certain herbs correspond to planets at the level of occult remedies. These herbs may be worn, or the plants grown in the house or used in various rituals. In the case of the trees corresponding to the planets, their wood is offered in havans to the planets. One can easily get these Navagraha sticks at any store that sells puja and havan implements. For astrological treatment of disease or other difficulties in life, such plants and herbs are used along with mantras, yantras, gems, and rituals, not so much to take internally as a medicine, rather to use as an offering or an external protection. We find many such types of combined remedies including herbs used in astrological Upayas throughout India, as well as in different Tantric practices overall. Second the energetics of herbs corresponds to planets at a medical level. This follows somewhat the correlation between planets and the six tastes. For example, hot spicy herbs like black pepper or cayenne pepper arguably have a strong solar energy. If the Sun is weak in the chart, particularly relative to health factors, the use of such spicy herbs is a possible 197

Upaya for the person. While there is adequate ground here for correlating astrology with Ayurvedic treatment and life-style recommendations, we don’t see this pursued very much in the existing literature, though I have done some research in this area. One thing to remember is that correlations are general. For example, the six tastes do not exactly correspond to the planets but have their planetary correlations and mainly at the level of energetics. For example, sour taste is traditionally ascribed to Venus and there is a point to this, but Venus dominant people also like the sweet taste, sweet fragrances and flowers. In this regard I am including a short section from my book Ayurvedic Astrology 100102: “The Six Tastes and Their Correspondences Tastes and



Traditional Planet





Sweet – Jupiter

Earth and Water



Pitta and Vata

Salty – Moon

Water and Fire


Kapha and Pitta


Sour – Venus

Earth and Fire


Pitta and Kapha


– Air and Earth



Pitta and Kapha

Astringent Saturn Pungent – Sun

Fire and Air


Pitta and Vata


Bitter – Mars

Air and Ether



Pitta and Kapha

Sweet taste, such as occurs in sugars and starches, relates to Kapha planets, the Moon, Jupiter and Venus, which have an overall tissue-increasing effect upon the body. Classical Vedic astrology emphasizes the identification of Jupiter specifically with the sweet taste because it is the main planet creating weight and bulk in the body, which derive from this taste and its earth and water elements. However, Venus, the planet of love, a Kapha emotion, as is well known, is also fond of sweets. Salty taste mainly relates to the Moon, owing to its correspondence with the water element, the ocean and the plasma in our bodies, our internal ocean. Sour taste is classically ascribed to Venus in several Vedic astrological texts because of its stimulating and attractive nature, as well as its Kapha increasing properties. Yet sour taste, which has a heating energy, can increase Mars energy, particularly that found in alcohol and other fermented items. Astringent taste, such as found in tannins, is mainly Vata in its properties, increasing dryness and lightness in the body. In this regard it is sometimes related to Saturn, which like the astringent taste causes our energy to contract and has stopping or inhibiting action on such processes as sweating, bleeding or elimination. Pungent or spicy taste, which has a heating and stimulating energy, relates mainly to Pitta planets, specifically to the Sun, but also to Mars. Spices like ginger, cayenne or black pepper are storehouses of solar energy.


Bitter taste reflects the qualities of Vata, being cold, dry, light and weight-reducing in its action. In this regard it resembles the planet Saturn which rules over Vata dosha in general, but reflects other Vata planets as well. Bitter taste can stimulate the mental activity of Mercury because it increases the air and ether elements operative in the mind. Classical Vedic astrology relates bitter taste to Mars because bitter is the most effective taste for controlling Mars energy, reducing the heat and toxicity associated with it, not because it is similar in nature or energy to Mars. When Vata is too high – or when the influence of Vata (airy) planets like Saturn, Rahu and Mercury predominate in the body – the use of sweet, sour, salty and pungent tastes is recommended, including a nutritive diet of grains, beans, root vegetables, seeds, nuts and dairy products. Mild spices (like ginger, cinnamon and cardamom) and tonic herbs like ashwagandha and shatavari or the Ayurvedic formula Chyavan prash are the main herbal therapies. When Kapha is too high – or when the influence of Kapha (watery) planets like the Moon, Jupiter and Venus predominate in the body – the use of pungent, astringent and bitter tastes is indicated, including a light diet that avoids sweet, salty, sour and oily foods, as well as dairy products. The use of hot spices (like ginger, pepper or cayenne or the Ayurvedic formula Trikatu), and bitters like gentian that aid in weight reduction are the main herbal therapies. When Pitta is too high – or when the influence of Pitta (fiery) planets like the Sun, Mars and Ketu predominate in the body – the use of bitter, astringent and sweet herbs and foods is recommended, including less use of salt, spices and sour articles, and a cooler and blander diet with more raw food. Mild bitters are recommended like gotu kola (brahmi) or cooling spices like turmeric and coriander are important herbal therapies. It is possible to more precisely equate individual foods and herbs with the planets and use astrology to aid in both dietary and herbal treatment, but this is a complex matter and is best left more for an advanced study of medical astrology, particularly for those who are trained in Ayurveda.” Based on this correlation, we can attribute a number of commonly used herbs to general planetary influences. This is from my own private research. Of course some herbs may have a relationship with more than one planet in their effects. SUN—Black pepper, cayenne pepper, ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, calamus root, sassafras, cloves, bay leaves, sage, thyme, juniper berries, eucalyptus, basil, bayberry, turmeric MOON—Milk, comfrey root, slippery elm, marshmallow, wild mallow, licorice, solomon's seal, kelp, Irish moss, chickweed, sandalwood, oyster shell (sea shells), psyllium, flaxseed MARS—Onions, garlic, mustard, coffee, alcohol, tobacco, asafoetida, horseradish, nutmeg, marijuana, jimson weed, poppy, nightshade, damiana MERCURY—Gotu kola, skullcap, basil, mint, camomile, valerian, wintergreen, betony, tea, alfalfa, lady's slipper, yarrow, coriander, plantain, nettles, self-heal, red root, hops, chia seeds, horehound, mullein, haritaki, castor oil JUPITER—Clarified butter, almonds, walnuts, wheat, oats, barley, licorice, fennel, fenugreek, ginseng, siberian ginseng, astragalus, fo-ti, ashwagandha, wild yam, kudzu (pueraria), vidari, bala


VENUS—Rose, aloe, myrrh, saffron, safflower, hibiscus, raspberry leaves, asparagus root, shatavari, amalaki, dang gui, rehmannia, sarsaparilla, jasmine, pennyroyal, false unicorn, parsley, wild carrot SATURN—Gentian, golden seal, barberry, uva ursi, pau d'arco, white poplar, blue flag, chapparal, witch hazel, oak bark, cleavers, frankincense, rhubarb, senna, mandrake, cascara sagrada, echinacea, horsetail, katuka, neem, chiretta, phyllanthus

Third, preparation of medicines, including herbs, is traditionally done with concern with the Nakshatras. For example, Mrigashiras relates to Soma and herbs have a very powerful rejuvenative energy when the Moon is in this Nakshatra, particularly when waxing or near full. Certain plants and herbs correspond directly to the Nakshatras. I have seen Nakshatra gardens in South India with trees relating to each Nakshatra. Other Panchanga information is also helpful for preparing herbs and for timing of medical treatment. Overall gems have a stronger place as an outer astrological remedial measure than do herbs, as the gems can hold and direct the planetary energy in a stronger manner. Q.2 Vaar Pravesh - Generally Vaar Pravesh is used to deduce Kaal Hora. It is usually deduced w.r.t. the coordinates of Ujjain, India. Some people still insist it to be derived from Yam Koti, as described in Surya Siddhanta. In such a situation how to cope with the Latitude and Longitude of the Western USA (San Francisco) cities. If derived with reference to YamKoti/ or Ujjain, then even when there is say Tuesday afternoon or evening here, it would start Wednesday, as per Vaar Pravesh w.r.t. Yam Koti, or Ujjain. – Query by Adya Tripathi, USA Shri Vamadeva Shastri: For the Panchanga one must use the latitude and longitude of the location where one resides. That is why India based Panchangas can be inaccurate in the United States that is opposite the globe in terms of time zones. Even in India there are different Panchangas for different cities. One’s own location is also used for Prashna. For one’s own annual chart, however, the place of birth is used, not the place where one is currently residing. For political and national charts, the tendency in modern Vedic astrology is to cast a chart for each country at their capital city for Chaitra Shukla Pratipat, the exact new Moon in Pisces. There are of course other types of New Years used in India. Unless for the determination of longer Yugas, I don’t see any need to use coordinates of Ujjain or Yama Koti. Astrology is based upon the timing where the person is.


Q.3 Will the results of Yogakaraka planet experienced by a native other than during its dasha/antar dasha or how ‘Exactly’ does the yogakaraka planet influences the native. Though this question is basic but we request you to give a profound explanation that you have gathered through your experience spanning 5 decades – Question by Venkat Ramana, ICAS Hyderabad Shri Vamadeva Shastri: ----All planets give some results all the time relative to their position in the birth chart. Planets give increased results during their dashas/antardashas, during their transits (gochara) of major positions within the birth chart (particularly Moon and Lagna), during the dashas/antardashas of planets located in signs or Nakshatras ruled by them, during the dashas/antardashas of planets either aspecting them or aspected by them. Naturally positions from the Moon, the navamsha and other relevant divisional charts can come into play here. Their positions in the annual chart is another factor to look at. These factors relate to Yoga Karakas as well. Planets give some extra effects in the dasha/antar dasha of planets located in their signs. If Mars is in Taurus, then during Venus periods, something of a Mars influence may also be there. The same can be said of planets located in their Nakshatra. For example, if Saturn is in Swati in the birth chart, a Nakshatra ruled by Rahu, some of the results of Rahu may be increased during the Saturn dashas/antar dashas. Planets will give increased results during the dasha/antardasha of planets that they aspect or which aspect them. For example, if Jupiter in Gemini is aspecting Moon in Aquarius, the Moon dasha/ antardasha will carry some influence of Jupiter. If Jupiter in Gemini is aspected by Mars in Pisces, then during Jupiter periods, the influence of Mars may be increased. The same principle holds true of planetary conjunctions. Relative to Yoga Karakas specifically, they will give stronger results while transiting angles and trines, particularly the tenth house, though only if these houses are not afflicted and best if the ruling signs contain a higher number of bindus in the Sarvashtaka. The position of the Yoga Karaka in the annual chart can help us as well. We note a curious difference in the length of the Dashas of prime Yogakaraka planets. For Cancer and Leo, the main Yoga Karaka is Mars, whose Dasha is only 7 years. For Taurus and Libra, it is Saturn whose Dasha is 19 years, and for Capricorn and Aquarius it is Venus whose Dasha is 20 years. Some lagnas have stronger Yoga Karaka planets. However, in spite of this we find many powerful people, particularly politicians, with Cancer and Leo ascendants, probably more so than Capricorn and Aquarius Ascendants. Generally if the overall birth chart is strong, even Dashas of difficult planets by natural or temporal status may not give bad results. If the overall birth chart is weak, even Dashas of Yoga karakas may not give very good results. The Dasha of the Lagna lord is crucial. If the chart is strong it will elevate the person almost like a Yoga Karaka. If the chart is weak, the Dasha of the lagna lord may bring disease and other personal loses, much like the period of a malefic.


As a personal note, I have found that good malefics in upachaya houses can raise a person almost as effectively as a Yoga karaka planet, though more struggle and effort may be required for success. One must also look at the Yogas. When the ninth and tenth lords exchange for example the period of either one can give great advancement for the person, even if the planet involved is not entirely friendly to the Lagna lord (like an exchange of Mars in Libra and Venus in Scorpio) for Aquarius Ascendant. Mars in such a position will likely increase the Raja Yoga during its dashas, even though it is usually an inimical planet for the lagna. Q.4 Is there something called Tantric Astrology, if so can you recommend some books on it. If there are no books available now, can you pls demonstrate some basics of it and some other points as food for thought. - Query by Andy Lee, HongKong Shri Vamadeva Shastri: ---Most of the Upayas or remedial measures used in Vedic astrology in India today are Tantric. This includes the types of pujas and yajnas used at astrological temples to propitiate the planets. It includes the recommendations of mantras, yantras, herbs, and gems given to individuals for planetary afflictions. In addition, most of the temple worship in India, particularly in South India, East India and the Himalayas is largely Tantric, especially for deities like Shiva and Kali, and beings in Vedic astrology. Traditional Tantric texts often contain sections on worship of planetary deities, worship of deities with respect to astrological timing, astrological timing of prescription of mantras, and so on. Different forms of the Goddess may be related to different planets. Even Tantric philosophical and yogic texts, bring in astrology relative to the timing or subtle energies of various Yoga and Pranayama practices and through Svara Yoga or timing through reading the breath and which nostril it is flowing in. Astrological knowledge is there in Sri Vidya or Sri Chakra or esoteric Tantric practices, relating the chakras, Prana and the breath with the Sun, planets and Rashis. We have 21,600 breaths per day in yogic thought, about one breath every four seconds, which is equated with the movement of the Sun, 360 breaths every 24 minutes or 1/60 of a day. Each Rashi governs around two hours or five 24 minute sections, in which the breath relates to different aspects of the five elements. This internal zodiac is more commonly examined in yogic and Tantric texts. What one must remember is that the term Tantra in India mainly refers to the use of mantras, yantras, rituals etc. along with the propitiation of deities (mainly forms of Shiva and Devi) for either the ordinary goals of life or for Yogic practices. The term has another meaning in the West, mainly concerning sexual practices. Throughout India, but particularly in Bengal, people commonly resort to Tantra, mantra, yantra and deity worship for both personal and spiritual goals. There are many such Tantric gurus, many of which are astrologers as well, who offer these Tantric methods to help people make money, get a better job, have better progeny, defeat their enemies or control other people. There can be a fair amount of exploitation and even charlatans of this type, which 202

has given Tantra a bad name in India. Some Tantrics employ ghosts to gain knowledge about other people or to be able to make accurate astrological predictions. Many of them claim to give you instant results and to be able to change your karma for you. Indian politicians have been known to employ such Tantrics, going back to Indira Gandhi and Chandraswamy. Yet good and honest Tantrics, though perhaps harder to find, do exist. Generally, what might be called ‘Tantric astrology’ relates to books on Vedic astrology promoting remedial measures that are Tantric in nature, not a special line of astrology relative to calculation or interpretation that would be called Tantric. In addition, in Sanskrit literature, the term Tantra means a technical text. Technical texts in medieval science and mathematics were also called Tantras for this reason. In modern Sanskrit, Tantra is sometimes used as indicating ‘technology’. Q.5 How to read the dictate of karmas (Sanchit, Prarabdha etc) in horoscopy?– Question by Vijay Kumar, Bangalore Shri Vamadeva Shastri: ---That is also a very big question. The Vedic astrology chart is all about karma. I like to call the birth chart your Karmic DNA or the ‘Karmic Code of the Soul’. Just as your genetic code reveals the underlying pattern behind your physical existence, your Karmic Code or Samskaric Code through the birth chart allows you to read the underlying pattern of your spiritual existence. That is why the Vedic birth chart is probably the most important document you have in your entire life, though like the genetic code requires the proper interpretation and decipherment. Astrology is a science of karma. The astrological chart allows us to ascertain both our karma and the way it is likely to unfold in life through the dashas. 1. Prarabdha, the karma that forms and dominates and is activated in the present life, is indicated mainly by the Rashi chart and its prime positions. 2. The Navamsha can indicate our ability to handle or transform our karma, including the karmas we are setting in motion in this life (the Kriyamana karma). 3. The Dwadashamsha can reflect Past Life Karmic influences. Generally Saturn is more a point of karmic limitation and Jupiter an area of karmic opportunity. The Moon also reflects the Samskaras in the mind, while the Sun shows our ability to make new and independent decisions. Rahu and Ketu also show deep seated karmic connections and collective influences. The Sanchit karma or the total karma of a soul is difficult to judge astrologically as it is the karmic reserve that is not currently active, though some astrologers have theories about how to read it. Determination of Prarabdha is the main thing in the birth chart. How to optimize and transcend our karmas is the main purpose of astrological remedial measures. We may think that we see something karmic in the birth chart, but verifying it over time in the life of a person is necessary to prove the accuracy of our predictions. It is important that the astrologer does not use the specter of karma to scare, intimidate or control clients. We must remember that karma refers to the results of our actions, not to any outside destiny that is imposed upon us. So we have the freedom in the present moment to change the course of our karmas for the future. Finally, karma belongs to body and mind but not to Atma, which transcends time, space and action. But our karma shows us how likely we may be to be able to realize that Atma. 203

sage Vasistha Vidyashram


asistha in Hindu mythology was one of the Saptarishis (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the seventh, i.e. the present Manvantara, and the Rajpurohit / Rajguru of the Suryavamsha or Solar Dynasty. He was the manasaputra of Brahma. The star Mizar of the stellar constellation Ursa Major is thought of as Vashisht and the small one beside it, Alcor, as Arundhati his wife. Vashisht is credited as the chief author of Mandala 7 of the Rigveda. Vashisht and his family are glorified in RV 7.33, extolling their role in the Battle of the Ten Kings, making him the only mortal besides Bhavayavya to have a Rigvedic hymn dedicated to him. Another treatise attributed by him is "Vashisht Samhita" - a book on Vedic system of electional astrology.

Guru: Shri Dr. Suresh Chandra Mishra


r. Suresh Chandra Mishra is one of the most popular names in Hindi Jyotish having translated the highest number of classics ever done by any modern author along with exhaustive commentary. Apart from his mastery over sanskrit he has studied all branches of astrology and his book in English titled ‘Panchadhayee’ has been considered the rarest book in last 100 years containing not to be found techniques along with applications. He was also a regular contributor in the English magazine Vedic Astro.

Q1. What is Graha Kaal and how to use it in a day to day practice? Query by Adya Tripathi, California. Shri Suresh Mishra: For obtaining Graha Kaal, divide the day or night, as the case may be, into (sunrise to sunset or sunset to next sunrise) eight equal segments. First seven segments are assigned to seven planets respectively in their weekday order. For day time, we reckon ownership of seven subsequent segments from the week day lord, while the same for night time from the fifth of the week day lord in question. The eighth segment is without ruler or Nireesh (Ni- without, eesh- lord). Parashara, in accordance with their ruler, ascribes specific names to some segments as shown in below table. Seg. Sun Lord Name & Kaal or Meaning Time







Mrityu or Death

Yamardha Yamghant -1:5 hour or Bell of almost Yama

Saturn Gulika

Yamardh is mainly considered for Muhurtha, while Kaal, Mrityu, Yamghant and Gulika are important for analyzing a chart. (For clear cut rules on this you can refer to my Panchadhyayee) 204

Q2. What is Tithi Yogini and Dig Yogini? Shri Suresh Mishra: For entire duration of a Tithi, Dig Yogini (better known as Yogini) rests in eight directions as follows. In the classics, these are cited in order of directions, but here for convenience in retaining in mind, we describe respectively in order of Tithi or Lunar day. Tithi Dik Diksha or Direction

1,9 Purva or East

2,10 3,11 4,12 Uttara Agneya Nairitya or or SE or SW North

5,13 6,14 7,15 8,30 Dakshin Pashchim Vayavya Ishaan or or West or NW or NE South

Within 1/16th part of a Tithi, Yogini remain in current progressively in order of a Tithi. In the table above consider Tithi as the serial number of 1/16 segment where no.30 is considered as 16. This sort is popularly labeled as Tatkal Yogini or Yamardha Yogini. 1/16th 1,9 Tithi Direction East















Q3. What is Graha Arudh, how is their motion and how to use in Prashna? Question by R.C.Srivastava, Agra. Shri Suresh Mishra: Parashara advocates Arudh or Padha of a house as well as of a planet, for reading a chart, is a must to consider. All rules for fixation of Bhava or Graha Arudha are similar in their application. (Elucidated in our book Panchadhyayee) Arudha of a Graha is located as many houses away from its own rashi, as the own rashi itself is from the rashi lord. If a planet owns two rashis, it is mainly applicable to the stronger rashi, states Parashara. But in Prashna, it is to apply to seven planets and all twelve houses. Considering the Sun in Makara, the rashi Simha happens to be eighth from the Sun. Hence Sun’s Arudha rests in Meena falling eighth from Simha. A planet or house responsible for the content of Prashna is auspicious, fructifying in favour and disbursing desired effects when it is in a Kendra, Trikona or Labha at the time of Prashna. Q4. How Digbal is used in astrological guidance? 205

Question by R.C.Srivastava, Agra.

Shri Suresh Mishra: Digbal or directional strength of planets bases upon their Kendra position. A Sthanbal planet is more potent when it gains digbal too. For example, the Sun in its own rashi, Multrikon or Uccha, etc., having Sthanbal, becomes more effective and result oriented in tenth house (Full Digbal) and least in the fourth (Least Digbal). A planet gains fullest Digbal when its degrees in Longitude coincide with the degrees of a Kendra. We can easily obtain longitude of all four kendras by adding 90 degrees to the Lagna. A planet with full Digbal is satisfactorily strong and disbursing good effects even if it is in its Neecha. However a combust planet having sufficient Shadbal, becomes of mixed nature. Q5. What is Nisheka in astrological terms?

Question by R.C.Srivastava, Agra.

The word Nisheka is used for conception, ejaculation and cohabitation of couple primarily aimed for successful conception resulting in progeny. Adhaan, Garbhadhaan, Shukra Nirvaap are synonyms. Q6. What is difference between Garhaa Kaal and Kala Graham? R.C.Srivastava, Agra.



Shri Suresh Mishra: For Graha Kaal please refer Q1. above. Kala Graham means the longitude of a planet converted in to Kala or minutes of arch of zodiac. This is better termed as Kalatmaka Graha.


Sage Vishwamitra’s Vidyashram


rahmarshi Vishvamitra is one of the most venerated rishis or sages of ancient times in India. He is also credited as the author of most of Mandala 3 of the Rigveda, including the Gayatri Mantra. The Puranas mention that only 24 Rishis since antiquity have understood the whole meaning of, and thus wielded the whole power of, the Gayatri Mantra. Sage Vishvamitra is supposed to be the first, and Sage Yajnavalkya the last.

Guru: Shri ramchandra pandey


rof Ramchandra Pandey is one of the old hands from the city of Banaras, oft called the Land of Knowledge in India. He serves on a honorary capacity on various astrological forums and has in the past been the Head Of Jyotish Dept of the prestigious Banaras Hindu University. An extremely humble man and has authored & translated many books including one of the most important books of Hindu Astrology titled Maan Sagari. Qs.1. Yuma Dhrunshtra Chakra is to be calculated as per Mukund Vijay, Narpart Jaicharya or Maan Sagari ? What is the use of Yuma Dhanshtra Chakra, I am told it is one of the most important chakras but often there is no one who writes on it.? Query by Sailesh Patel, Mumbai.

Shri Ramchandra Pandey: Yuma Dhanshtra Chakra as per Mukund Vijay and Narpart Jaicharya they have used the full sized Snake Chakra & embedded it on the body parts. All 27 nakshatras are from Mouth to the tail. This system is wrong given in Mukund Vijay and Narpath Jaicharya. Sarpa’s Phan – the expanded Hood Of a Cobra, on this 4 lines are to be made – 4 nadis on left and 4 nadis on right. It is difficult to explain this in short, but remember the 10th and 11th nakshatra will come on the Snakes Teeth (right and left). I will try to write a detailed article on this and send it for publication in Saptarishis Astrology if health and time permits. Regarding this chakra, suppose you want to know regarding diseases, then details of the disease a person will suffer in one’s life, where it will happen, whether it will be chronic or not or fatal or not all this can be seen from Yuma Dhanshtra Chakra. There are many other uses like in olden times it was used to see for fatal snake bites or scorpion bites, if person will survive the bite or not was found from this. Even for wars, if soldier who has gone for batter will come back alive or not can be found. This can also be used creatively for mundane astrology predictions regarding wars between two countries. Qs.2 How can we time jobs in natal charts effectively?

Query by Sudhir Nair, Trichur.

Shri Ramchandra Pandey: Mainly use transits for job timing on narrow timing if yoga is permitting a job.


1. See karaka graha (significator graha) of 10H, students often ask which of the four karakas to use some say Mercury, some say Saturn so students are confused. The fundamental that is not to be ignored is out of the four karakas see which one of these four karakas is strong and see this planet is in which navamsa, in the dasa/antar of this navamsa lord or any planet placed in this navamsa sign, its dasa/antar dasa job can be had if transits favor. 2. Additionally see this navamsa lord or the planet in this navamsa, its transit in rasi chart it should activate the 10H by aspect or entry into the 10H by transit. 3. Sometimes see the strong karaka graha where it is placed in the rasi chart and the 10th from it in the rasi chart, the lord of this 10th house from karaka graha you see it is in which navamsa, this is to be taken and same procedure seen as in point 1. 4. Sun is karaka of the 10th house, and suppose for example it comes in the 6H of the natal chart then it becomes effective to give change of residence, or it can subside the enemies that is competitors for a job interview. If Sun has no relation with karaka graha then it is not so important in timing jobs. Sun is also good in natal chart in 1,5,9th houses, here in 1H it is his exaltation house of naisargik kundali, 5H is his own house in natural zodiac and 9H is the house of his friend. Here in these houses even a weak Sun can give good results and hence as it is a ruler graha it helps in timing of job to the month. Qs.3. Varnad Lagna, as described in the book by Pt.Sitaram Jha (Jaimini Sutra), as well as Dr. Suresh Chandra Mishra's book is deduced by adding/ or subtracting the actual Longitudes of Ascendant and Hora Lagna, including actual degrees. Whereas, many authors, specially from South India, do not use the exact angle associated with Ascendant and Hora Lagna. They only use the Sign. Which method is correct? Query by Mr.Tripathi, USA Shri Ramchandra Pandey: For Varnada Lagna we have to use degree wise only. There is no difference in the result of both the systems, one is a short cut method of using signs that you can calculate mentally and the other is more scientific method of getting the degrees of the Varnada Lagna. Qs.4. Chaughadia Muhuratha, for night time, as given in most Panchangs from Delhi Area is different, as compared to the one given in Classics. Which one is to be used? For example, on a Tuesday, the Chaughadia Muhurat in most North Indian Panchangs are given to be in the sequence - Day time - Rog, Udveg, Chal, Labh, Amrit, Kaal, Shubh, Rog. The same in Classical Books (Brihad Jyotish Saar by DevakiNandan Shastri) is as follows: Rog, Udveg, Chal, Labh, Amrit, Kaal, Shubh, Rog. Thus it is the same for Day time. However, for Night time Chaughadia it is different: In Classics (BhrihadJytishSaar): Udweg, Char, Laabh, Amrit, Kaal, Shubh, Rog, Udweg In North Indian Panchangs: Kaal, Labh, Udweg, Shubh, Amrit, Char, Rog, Kaal Which Chaughadia is to be used? In the books of Dr. Suresh Chandra Mishra, also, he follows same as Classics. Shri Ramchandra Pandey: Brihad Jyotish Saar is the most accurate one to be followed, although in Brihad Jyotish Saar there is not much detailed explanation given. Chaughadia is the 8th division of Dinmaan 208

(Sunrise to Sunset time divided by 8). Chaughadia is very important and cannot be ignored. In order to delve deeper into it let me divert to Udweg part of Chowghadia for other students who are reading this, Udweg means trembling, shaking, excitement, anxiety. During travelling man has all of the previous mentioned qualities of excitement and anxiety if his trip would be safe, would he achieve the goal for which he is travelling. Hence as this is human intrinsic nature of worry and if at that time Udweg Chowghadia is running then it can give non fruitful results as Udweg which stands for anxiety, nervousness is doubled with the human feelings of nervousness. Hence Udweg Chowghadia must be avoided for travelling and Shubh, Amrit and Labh is to be used. Suppose there is Char Chowghadia then Karya Siddhi will not happen and person will have to keep on going to the location to achieve the result as Char means movement and there would be double movement. The main purpose of Chaughadia is suppose one is not getting good muhurta for travel then you can immediately use Chaughadia calculations which are available as ready reckoners in Panchangs and use Shubh, Labh or Amrit periods for it. Qs.5. Kaal Hora (usually, One hour/ or sometime Dinmaan divided by 12), and Rahu Kaal (usually, one and Half Hour/ sometime duration of day - Dinmaan divided by 8). What is correct ? - A fixed One hour for Kaal Hora, or Dinmaan divided by 12, and One and Half Hour for Rahu Kaal, or Dinmaan divided by 8. Shri Ramchandra Pandey: It is better to divide 24 hours by 24 giving 1 hour per hora. If we follow the division by 12 of Dinmaan (Day period) and RatriMaan (night period) then it will give you irregular time as you know and this is not the correct way as per knowledge. For Rahu Kaal take the fixed one and half hour and not dinmaan related calculations.


Sage Atri’s Vidyashram


ttri is the Rishi present in all Manvantras. He was among the three main seers who propounded the sacred thread (after Brihaspati) which has three strands symbolizing Creation (Brahma and the letter A), sustenance (Vishnu and the letter U) and Dissolution (Shiva {m} and the letter M). Together these three strands show the vow that a Brahmin takes to recite and adhere to Aum." Brahmarsi Atri is the seer of the fifth mandala (book) of the Rigveda. He had many sons, including Soma, Datta, and Durvasa, who are the incarnations of the Divine Trinity Brahma, Vishnu, and Rudra. He is among the Sapta Rishi (seven luminous or eternal sages in the sky) symbolized by the great bear and the seven stars around it. Named Megrez in Latin. The star is also considered as δ (Delta) or the 4th star in the Great Bear constellation.

Guru: Shri Iranganti Rangacharya


ranganti Rangacharya is one of the oldest authorities on Jaimini alive today, born in 1927, he started astrology at the age of 25 in 1952. Later in 1960 he started meticulous study of Jaimini astrology & thus has 48 rich years of experience in Jaimini at this age of 82. Author of numerous articles since 4 decades, 9 books who inspite of weak health contributes to the cause of Jaimini. His work Jaimini Sutramritam published by Sagar Publications, New Delhi is considered a classic by the serious student of Jaimini Astrology. In this column he is assisted by his Sishya (student) Shanmukha along with additional notes where required.

Q1: If we use Dual sign then it will aspect all the other dual signs, how to determine which of the rasi dristhi (sign aspect) is more effective and which is least effective? This is based on my presumption that there is differentiation in aspect strength and I can be wrong. Question by Pritam Trivedi, Mumbai Shri Iranganti Rangacharya: Yes, there is differentiation in aspect strength. The strongest of sign aspect is Sammukha (Frontal) aspect. The rest is in the order of Prakriti chakra reckoning of signs. For example, Gemini aspects Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces. Since Virgo is the Sammukha rasi (also known as Abhimukha rasi, Darpana rasi) for Gemini, the aspect on Virgo by Gemini is the strongest aspect. The next stronger is the aspect on Sagittarius, and last is Pisces. Sishya: Relevant shloka is given in Somanatha’s Kalpalatha

ु िं उा पार्ि ूकटी करोित अथ ूाधाेन सख

atha prādhānyena sammukhadṛṣṭiṁ uktvā pārśvadṛṣṭi prakaṭī karoti The following table was given by Sri Rangacharya in his Jaimini Sutramritam which may be used by the readers with advantage. This table is very essential, for example, to use Drig Dasa for which the Aspect Arudha must be calculated. Aspect Arudha calculation is completely based on this table which gives the order of Sign aspect strength for each sign. Please read the Drig Dasa article by Sri Rangacharya published in Saptarishis Astrology. 210


Aspected Signs

Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn Aquarius Pisces

Scorpio, Leo, Aquarius Libra, Capricorn, Cancer Vigro, Sagittaius, Pisces Aquarius, Scorpio, Taurus Capricorn, Libra, Aries Gemini, Pisces, Sagittarius Aquarius, Taurus, Leo Aries, Capricorn, Cancer Pisces, Gemini, Virgo Leo, Taurus, Scorpio Cancer, Aries, Libra Sagittarius, Virgo, Gemini

Q2: How and where is Amatyakaraka to be used, can it be used in transits and if so how exactly it is to be used? Shri Iranganti Rangacharya: It is, indeed, a question that needs much explanation. Sometimes, in place of Atmakaraka, Amatyakaraka can be used. Especially, in case of Raja, Amatya Yogas, Amatyakaraka can be extensively used. For example, Manipravala yoga also can be extended to Amatyakaraka planet for which Graha Chakra reckoning must be used. Coming to Transits, Phalaratnamala gives transit results for Yogada planet which may be extended to this planet as well. But, much research needs to be done in this area. Q3: Jaimini Rishi has described which Lagna to see the financial prospects of a native? Are there more than one lagna for it, if so please teach us. Shri Iranganti Rangacharya: Arudha Lagna, Indu Lagna and Tara Lagna are to be used for financial prosperity. Q4: I think Jaimini Rishi is the only Rishi to give so much importance to Navamsa in terms of finding combinations and yogas in D9, whereas other rishis have not given so, is this true, if not can you explain which other works you have found in your experience which gives detailed works on divisional charts? Shri Iranganti Rangacharya: Yes, Jaimini has given much importance to Navamsa chart. In addition to Navamsa, Drekkana chart is also extensively used in this System. The other divisional charts that find occasional usage are Panchamamsa and Saptamsa charts. The other divisional charts in the Parasara system need not be mixed with this system. Q5: Humble Sir, in Jaimini Sutras Chapter 1 Pada 2, it is written SU. 20.--Prasiddhakarma

jeevaha sanow. If Sani joins Atmakaraka in the Navamsa, he will produce a famous person in his own line of business. How is this sutra to be understood, usually we take Saturn to be Dukhakaraka (sorrow giver) and he joining with AK should ideally give more grief to oneself hitting hard at our center, thereby how is Jaimini Rishi indicating Saturn joining Atmakaraka why he is 1) producing a famous person 2) why in the same line of business. (The above translation is taken from Late B Suryanarayain Raos work) 211

Shri Iranganti Rangacharya: First of all, interpreting any sutra in Jaimini Sutras can’t be done in isolation. It must be remembered that the Sutra quoted above has many preceding Sutras. So, the first sutra in that series starts with a word Tatra, which shall be interpreted as the 2nd house. So, Saturn in 2nd house produces a person who does a famous work. As we all know, Saturn is the real doer, so Saturn in 2nd definitely produces a person known for his work. The above cited Sutra has much more to comprehend, since the ensuing sutra gives a word च (cha) which attributes other results indicated in the next sutra also for Saturn. Any natural malefic planet conjoining Atmakaraka definitely spoils AK and indicates evil results. Q6: Sorry for asking this very simple query In Jaimini Sutras Chapter 1 Pada 2 SU. 23. Ravirahubhyam sarpanidhranam. If Sun and Rahu join Atmakaraka in the Navamsa the person dies by snake-bites. Query: Dear Sir a) what is the logic behind using Sun here, Rahu for snakes is understood but why conjoining of Sun, is it since Sun is the natural Atma karaka (referring to as an individual) b) If Sun or Rahu is having Rasi Drishti on the AK in D9 then would the result be the same? Shri Iranganti Rangacharya: As the case of previous question, the sutra quoted here, also needs to be understood in correct manner. This sutra is also a sutra in a series, so must not be interpreted in isolation. In “Sutra Vangmaya”, some sutras are Adhikara sutras and some are upasutras. So the Adhikara sutras can be applied anywhere in interpreting other sutras, where as upasutras must be applied then and there. As you all know, Jaimini Sutras are written in Sutra Vangmaya style and hence, the commentaries are very essential for understanding Sutra Vangmaya. The correct interpretation goes like this. If the fourth house of Karakamsa Lagna is occupied by Moon and aspected by Sun and Rahu, the native dies by snake-bite. It is known fact that Rahu will eclipse only Sun and Moon, not other planets. Rahu is the planet representing Snake. So, the Sutra is very clear and cogent. Having said the correct purport of the sutra, the query 2 is not necessary.


Sage jamadagni’s Vidyashram


amadagni, was one of the Saptarishis (Seven Great Sages) in the seventh, i.e. the present Manvantara. He was a descendant of the sage Bhrigu, one of the Prajapatis created by Brahma, the God of Creation. Jamadagni has several children with wife Renuka, the youngest of whom was Parashurama, an Avatara of Lord Vishnu.

Guru: Shri N Sundara Rajan


. Sundara Rajan's name needs no introduction; he started astrology in 1956, created one of the first astrology softwares, has written more than 1000 articles since 1963 in Dr Ramans magazine and others, has published 4 books, created the Vincity ephemeris, his ayanamsa is called the Sundara Rajan Ayanamsa adopted by 2 international softwares. Although Shri Sundara Rajan has numerous stunning world predictions to his credit but he is phenomenally humble man which only shows the grace of Rishis.

Q.1 Rahu and Ketu in Scorpio and Taurus respectively implies that they are in debilitation. (Though some difference of opinions are there among various texts in this regard). In Tamil Nadu, one astrological proverb is in vogue as "Neechanai Neechan parthal nithiyum undu, pathiyum undu", which means "If a debilitated planet aspects another debilitated planet all the wealth ensured". On line with this the debilitation of nodes is a blessing. Is it astrologically correct? Question by R. Ramanathan, India Shri N Sundara Rajan: Rahu and Ketu will always be in the 7th from each other and will be, aspecting each other. The Neecha houses for rahu and ketu are debatable as these two are not Strictly planets and as such do not own any house. This proverb does not seem to be supported by any astrological book of antiquity. Q.2 If a debilitated planet gets vargothamamsa, how to deal with the planet? Whether predominance should be given as strength considering their vargothamamsa or as weakness considering their debilitation both in Rasi and Navamsa? Question by R. Ramanathan, India Shri N Sundara Rajan: Standard astrological texts like Phaladeepika say that it should be considered as weak. But the safe and correct way is to consider a planet as strong or weak, based on its Shadbala Rupas. Q.3 If a planet in a Rasi Sandhi, say at the last degree of a sign but because of his disposition considered as Atmakaraka. Here, whether he can be considered week since he is in Rasi Sandhi or strong as he is the Supreme Atmakaraka? – Question by R. Ramanathan 213

Shri N Sundara Rajan: All astrological texts avow that a planet in Rasi-Sandhi destroys that Rasi. This has no relation to the Karakathwa of the planet. Q.4 Does Rahu in Badhakasthana cause Sarpa Dosha (severe afflictions)? What are the other combinations causing sarpa dosha and remedies for it? – Question by Dr.K.S.G.Saravanan, USA Shri N Sundara Rajan: Planets in Badhaka Sthana generally indicate many Dhoshas, depending on other Aspects, associations etc. Sarpa Dhosha is generally related to the 5th and 9th houses either from Moon or from Lagna and are supposed to cause childlessness or harm to children. Shanti Ratnakara, an ancient treatise on remedial measures, suggests Performance of Sarpa Shanti Homam. Q.5 How to read the charts of twins births? More so, in cases of births where the Shashtyamsha chart of twins also remains same. – Question by Vijay Kumar, Bangalore Shri N Sundara Rajan: Sage Sathyacharya says: ‘aneka Hora sasthragnayaha Pancha Sidhdhantha Parakaha Voohapoha Patuhu Sidhdha Manthro Janathi Jaathakam’ Which means, an astrologer is said to know astrology only if he/she has studied many astrological works, particularly the work called Sathyacharya Or Pancha Sidhdhantha of Sathyacharya and also he/she is an expert in Intuition and Super-Intuition and, in addition, has acquired the powers of Manthra Sidhdhi (like repetition many million times, with absolute concentration Of Gayathri or other Manthras, duly learnt from a competent Acharya). This is the view of Sage Sathyacharya, the author of DHRUVA NADI, SHUKRA NADI etc., well known for their meticulous accuracy of predictions. Unfortunately these Nadi originals have been lost to vagaries of time. Whether twin births or otherwise, there is no short cut method to read Horoscopes.


Sage Kashyapa Vidyashram


ashyapa was an ancient sage, who was one of the Saptarshis in the present Manvantara. He was the father of the Devas, Asuras, Nagas and all of humanity. He married Aditi, with whom he fathered Agni, the Adityas, and most importantly Lord Vishnu took his fifth avtar as Vamana, the son of Aditi, in the seventh Manvantara. With his second wife, Diti, he begot the Daityas. Diti and Aditi were daughters of King Daksha Prajapati and sisters to Sati, Shiva's consort. Kashyapa received the earth, obtained by Parashurama's conquest of King Kartavirya Arjuna and henceforth, earth came to be known as "Kashyapi". He was also the author of the treatise Kashyap Samhita, or Braddha Jivakiya Tantra, which is considered, a classical reference book on Ayurveda especially in the fields of Ayurvedic Pediatrics, Gynecology & Obstetrics.

Guru: Shri U. K. Jha


graduate in Mechanical Engineering from University of Roorkee (Now IIT Roorkee) U K Jha has produced over 100 thought provoking articles in several astrological journals and is a known name in the academic foray of this science. He is known for his innovative ideas, one point sharp logic, acute rationality and scientific approach for dealing with the things. He is the author of famous book "Utopia and Anarchy of Stars" and his commentaries on YogaPushpanjali and Phala Deepika are a master piece for absorbing reading. Q.1 Mars in the 4th house is considered very bad, why? Question by Vikas Pandit, Jharkhand.

Shri U.K.Jha: In the 4th house Mars becomes devoid of Diga Bala i.e. directional force. Hence it is deemed weak there. In the natural zodiac 4th house represented by Cancer sign is the place of debilitation for Mars. So, in the 4th belt of any horoscope Mars suffers from this intrinsic lacuna of depression. Because of the above two reasons Mars does not get full strength in the 4th house even for Libra people, despite exaltation. The sublime currents of weakness caused to Mars when placed in the 4th house increases its virulence also. Because of this reason the placement of Mars in the 4th house is not deemed good for any horoscope. Q.2 Why Jupiter is not considered bad for Libra people despite owning two bad houses - 3rd and 6th? Question by Sreenivas Narayan, Chennai. Shri U.K.Jha: Jupiter is an expansive planet and on exoteric level it signifies increase in wider perspective viz. increase of wealth, knowledge, power, prestige & so on. The 3rd and the 6th houses are also called Upachaya houses meaning places for increase. When Jupiter owns these two houses its potential for increase is enhanced on account of acquisition of identical field. In other words the planet of increase gets the lordship of houses of increase and hence extra potential to increase wealth etc. Hence, for Libra people Jupiter is not considered bad so long the increase in wealth, position, prestige etc are concerned. 215

Q.3 Why Moon represents mind as well as blood in astrology? Question by Priyesh Dutt, Mumbai. Shri U.K.Jha: In astrology significations of planets are based mainly on the principle of symbology besides other factors of esoteric imports known to the God realized seers. Moon is the fast moving entity in the horoscope and in human system mind is the fastest moving (abstract) thing. Hence, mind is represented by Moon in astrology. Based on the same reasons of symbology Moon also represents blood which circulates in the body at maximum speed. In astrology blood is represented by both Moon and the Mars. Q.4 Venus in the 12th house is considered very good, why?

Question by Manoj P, India.

Shri U.K.Jha: Venus is a planet of luxury, enjoyment and revelations. The field of 12th house is also suffused with the vibrations of same order. When Venus is deposited in the 12th house, two identical vibrations of Bhoga - luxuriation and enjoyments; match together to yield augmented fruits of this house. In Tantrik doctrine Bhoga (enjoyments) is for Moksha (emancipation) - Bhogayate Mokshah; and Moksha (emancipation) is to steer clear from this Samsar (world) - Mokshayate Samsarah. Hence, Venus is considered good in the 12th house. Q.5 For Pisces born people a Vargotam Jupiter placed in 5th house is said to be giving more female issues, why? Question by P.M.Shastry, Trivandrum. Shri U.K.Jha: A planet acquires the elements and property of the sign where it is located in. In the above case Jupiter is exalted and Lagna lord. Besides it is a male planet. But in Cancer it acquires the female characteristics. Further, Cancer represents mother in the natural zodiac which is again a female attribute. Therefore, the Jupiter in above case works to give more female progenies to the native.


Sage Bharadwaja’s Vidyashram


haradwaja was one of the great sages (rishis) descendant of rishi Angirasa, whose accomplishments are detailed in the Puranas. Bharadwaja rishi was the father of Dronacharya and the grandfather of Ashwatthama. Bharadwaja rishi, a sage of the Vedic period - is renowned for his thirst for knowledge. He attained extraordinary scholarship and power of meditation. He was one of the Saptarshis (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the present Manvantara; with others being Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Kashyapa

Guru: Shri ernst wilhem


rnst Wilhem is one of the finest scholars in America with a large student following. His books titled Graha Sutras, Core Yogas, and Vault To The Heavens are considered classics for their rich content & clear explanation that had not been offered before. He is also the owner and c0developer of one of the best astrology softwares called Kala, known for its accuracy & user friendliness. You can visit his website at

Q.1 For Scorpio people a debilitated luck lord Moon in Lagna is not deemed very bad. Is this true if so Why? Question by Sambhaya, India Shri Ernst Wilhem: A debilitated Planet always causes Bhita “alarmed” Avastha and so Moon in the Lagna in debilitation will indicate stress to the body and health. Additionally, a planet in debilitation is said to be in Sushupti “Sleeping” Avastha and so not give effects due th to the house it rules and thus 9 house effects will be weak in the person’s life unless the Moon’s dispositor Mars happens to be powerfully placed. All in all I would not consider this a good position and would stick to the basic concepts of astrology, such as provided by Parashara’s Avasthas, rather than getting lost in a world of exceptions. Q.2 Does an un-afflicted exalted planet produce only good results? – Question by Andree Leclerc, Canada Shri Ernst Wilhem: An exalted planet is considered to be in Garvita “proud” Avastha and so the Bhava in which it is placed is something that a person can be righteously proud of. However, if such a planet is aspected by natural enemies and if those natural enemies are strong, there will still be an element of Kshudhita “starving” Avastha and in that respect the planet will suffer and not give the needed fulfillment and happiness. For this reason it is said that if Sun and Saturn are both exalted they do not do good – in that case two strong natural enemies aspect each other and thus harm each other. Q.3 Ashttottari applicability in BPHS (Brihad Parashar Hora Shastra) and Maan Sagari are exactly opposite. Which one to believe. In one it says Night birth Shukla Paksha, where as in the other one it says, Day birth Krishna Paksha, then this Dasha is applicable. Which is to be followed? – Question by Adya Tripathi, San Francisco 217

Shri Ernst Wilhem: I have had very good luck using Ashtottari Dasa as prescribed in Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra, however, Ashtottari is considered applicable to all by some astrologers. Q.4 How to find out difficult childbirth from the chart from ones chart? – Question by Dr. K.S.G.Saravanan, USA Shri Ernst Wilhem: I assume you are asking how to look at a person’s chart and state that they had a difficult birth? That is simple and very effectively done through a study of Balarishti Yogas as given in BPHS and other classical texts. Anytime there is a Balarishti Yoga there is some element of difficult surrounding birth or shortly after birth. After accessing the Balarishta Yogas it is important to consider an Arishta Bhanga Yogas which prevent the Balarishta Yogas from killing the child. When Arishta Bhana Yogas are present to suitable degree to prevent death, then there will still be problems, delayed labor or some issue at or shortly after birth, but one that is overcome and which does not kill the child. Try these yogas on a few horoscopes and you will quickly see how wonderfully they work. Q.5 in BPHS Chapter 7 ‘divisional considerations’ shloka 28-29 it states that 28-29. ‘Other Sources of Strength. Maitreya, there are other kinds of sources, as I explain below. Grahas in the 7th from Sūrya will be fully effective. One with an identical longitude in comparison to Sūrya’s will destroy the good effects. Rule of three process be applied to the Graha in between these positions.’ Query: a) How is this concept of Grahas 7th from Sun to be used in predictive astrology b) One with identical longitude in comparison to Sun will destroy the good effects of what, can an hypothetical example be given to demonstrate how to understand what Rishi Parasara is trying to say c) What is the rule of three the Rishi is trying to say – Question by Praveen Kumar, Bangalore Shri Ernst Wilhem: The idea of Grahas in the 7th from the Sun is taken into account in a Grahas Ishta and Kashta. So pay attention to Ishta and Kastha and that matter is all taken into account. The basic idea is that a planet opposite the Sun, or in the case of Mercury and Venus, when they are conjunct and retrograde, a planet is closest to earth and can thus produce the most. When the planet is conjunct the sun and not retrograde, it is furthest from earth, actually behind the Sun as well and so gives no effects. Rule of three is to take the proportion of just where between these two extremes a planet is. This idea must be taken hand in hand with a Graha’s Uccha Bala, how close it is to exaltation. Along with Uccha Bala, these two give the Ishta and Kashta of a planet. A planet closest to the earth, at which point it is retrograde and in deep exaltation becomes the most capable and may have a full Ishta of 60, Ishta being desired effects. A planet conjunct the Sun and in deep debilitation becomes incapable and will have an Ishta of 0 and a Kashta of 60, Kashta being the ill state of a planet at which point it is too ill to do anything useful. These ideas, however, have to be used in conjunction with a planet’s dignity to see just how much a planet will be able to produce. The dignity is what to consider to see if the planet will behave productively or poorly, but the Ishta and Kashta and thus the degree from the Sun help one see just how much is produced if the dignity is such as to allow production.