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EastAfrican AV I AT I O N

H A N D B O O K

A PUBLICATION OF THE EAST AFRICAN BUSINESS COUNCIL East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 1


INTRODUCTION

Expansion Mode East African governments set to invest more than $1.7 billion in airports expansions I take great pride in the publication of the East African Aviation Handbook, the ďŹ rst aviation-related business publication of the East African Business Council. Aviation has become a critical cog that drives the entire economies of the East African region in more ways than one. AVIATION DRIVING BUSINESS The region is now able to produce and export more to the markets with Africa and across other regions that include Asia, the Middle East, Europe and the Americas. This has greatly enhanced various industries within the region, especially the agribusiness sector. Tourism is also a major economic driver within the East African region and this has been bolstered by the expansion strategies of mainly regional airlines that are helping ease connectivity across the world to the region. The continued expansion of foreign carriers, especially from the Middle East, Europe and Asia into the region is also an added advantage. The continued expansion of the sector has also witnessed massive investments by both governments and private players and this is having positive knockon eects to other sectors of the regional economies.

MASSIVE INVESTMENTS Currently, regional governments from across East Africa plan to spend more than $1.7 billion in expansion of the airports infrastructure in the next three years. The private sector is also investing even more in terms of expansion and acquisition of equipment. Such investments will go a long way into not only bolstering the aviation sector, but spread to other sectors of the regional economies. ANDREW LUZZE, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, EAST AFRICAN BUSINESS COUNCIL

East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 3


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

EastAfrican AV I AT I O N

H A N D B O O K

A PUBLICATION OF THE

EAST AFRICAN BUSINESS COUNCIL ADDRESS:

GREENFIELD TERMINAL

Plot No. 01, Olorien House, Perfect Printers Street, Arusha, Tanzania

GENERAL

CONTACTS: Tel: +255 (0) 27 2543047 Fax: +255 (0) 27 2543047 Email: info@eabc-online.com Website: www.eabc.info

3

EDITORIAL BOARD

6

Andrew LUZZE, Executive Director Michael BAINGANA, Research and Policy Advisor

8

Denis GATHANJU, Publisher

SAFARI COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESS: P.O. BOX 13510, WESTLANDS, 00800, NAIROBI, KENYA.

CONTACTS: T: (KENYA) +254 (0) 722 731003 (RWANDA) +250 (0) 787 176098 E: media@safari-communications.com W: www.safari-communications.com

DISCLAIMER: The contents and opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of the editor, the publisher or any other organization associated with this publication. While the publishers have made every effor t to ensure the accuracy of all information in this publication, they will not be held responsible for any errors therein.

Foreword by the EABC Executive Director

EABC Profile

An overview of the role and functions of the EABC

22

Entebbe International Airport

New Master-plan for air ports launched

Bole International Airport Construction of a new VIP Terminal begins

General News

Aviation updates from across East Africa

Dona SAVA, Communications Manager

PUBLISHED BY

21

Introduction

increased to 1.5 million

AIRLINES

AIRPORTS 11

14

16

17

20

24

JKIA Greenfield Terminal Construction work on a 2o million passenger terminal begins

27

Battle of the Titans Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Airlines battle for dominance

RwandAir

Airline continues its growth path

JKIA Terminal 4 (T4)

Passenger capacity at JKIA set to be boosted on completion of T4

CARGO

Dar es Salaam International Airport

30

Seeks to operate largest cargo network in Africa

Construction of Terminal III begins

Kilimanjaro International Airport Airport gets $30 million makeover

Kigali International Airport

Astral Aviation

LOGISTICS 32

Tradewinds Aviation A global leader in aviation solutions

Passenger capacity

All Rights Rserved. Š 2014

East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 5


PROFILE

EABC

EABC aims to foster partnerships and regional co-operation ABOUT THE EABC The East African Business Council (EABC) is the apex body of business associations of the Private Sector and Corporates from the 5 East African Countries. It was established in 1997 to foster the interests of the Private Sector in the integration process of the East African Community. EABC’s raison d’être is to seek change in public policy in order to promote a business environment conducive to business formation and growth. EABC therefore provides a regional platform through which the business community can present their concerns at the EAC policy level, with the overall aim of creating a more conducive business environment through targeted policy reforms. Additionally, EABC also works towards promoting private sector’s regional & global competitiveness in trade and investment through addressing challenges experienced by EABC members at organizational and firm level and through provision of tailored market intelligence.

VISION: EABC’s vision is to be the dynamic voice of the private sector in the East African Community, in fostering sustained economic growth and prosperity in the region.

MISSION: Our mission is to represent and promote the interests of the EAC business community; provide value added services that cre6 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

ate new business opportunities, enhance global competitiveness of EAC businesses, and actively influence government policies to improve the enabling business environment.

NATIONAL EABC FOCAL POINTS At national level, EABC activities are coordinated through the EABC National Focal Points / Chapters, who are also the national private sector umbrella bodies. These are: 1.

2. 3. 4.

5.

Burundi Federal Chamber of Commerce & Industry, Burundi (FCCIB) Kenya Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA) Rwanda Private Sector Federation (PSFR) Tanzania Tanzania Private Sector Foundation (TPSF) Uganda Private Sector Foundation, Uganda, (PSFU)

EABC MEMBERSHIP: EABC Membership comprises of cooperate, ordinary and Associate membership and is drawn from

EABC Membership comprises of cooperate, ordinary and Associate membership and is drawn from the 5 East African Partner States

the 5 East African Partner States and cuts across all sectors and all business sizes. Membership is open to all national and regional associations and corporate with interest and operations in the region.

EABC PLATFORMS: In a bid to enhance our advocacy through addressing sectorial issues, the East African Business Council with the support of Trademark East Africa (TMEA), has established the following four platforms; EAST AFRICAN PROFESSIONAL SERVICES PLATFORM: This Platform brings Profession Service providers in EAC to dialogue on issues of common interest, and engages policy makers in formulating and implementing regional policies that create enabling business environment in the East African community. The mission of the platform is to foster a single integrated and vibrant market for professional services in East Africa. EAST AFRICAN WOMEN IN BUSINESS PLATFORM: The platform aims at putting in place mechanisms to address challenges faced by womenowned businesses within the region. The mission of the platform is to Position and Catalyse the Participation of WomenOwned Businesses in EAC’s Integration Process. EAST AFRICAN PRIVATE SECTOR STANDARDS PLATFORM:


EABC

PROFILE

The platform addresses challenges and unnecessary trade barriers faced by suppliers in intra-regional trade due to differences in technical regulation and standards amongst EAC Partner States. The prime goal of the Standards Platform is the harmonization of standards and the establishment of a common technical regulation regime in the EAC with the view to remove unnecessary trade barriers and so widen the EAC market. EAST AFRICAN EMPLOYERS ORGANISATION: The platform engages both National employer’s organizations and other players in the sector on issues that relate to regional integration especially on the implementation aspect of EAC Common Market Protocol concerning the clauses on free movement of Labor; labor standards and regulatory environments; skills development and mutual recognition.

KEY PRIORITIES: Under our current Strategic Plan, 2011-2015, EABC has the following 5 Key Priorities: I. EABC Institutional Strengthening: A two pronged approach will be used namely: a) transforming the unique position and mandate the EABC holds into a competitive advantage and b) seeking financial independence for the institution, to reduce dependence on external funding. II. Policy Advocacy: EABC seeks to enhance its role in driving policy change on issues affecting the

business community in the EAC. This will be achieved through evidence based and strong advocacy towards the full implementation of the EAC Customs Union and Common Market Protocols and effective participation in the on-going Tripartite FTA, Monetary Union and EPA Negotiations. III. Enhanced Membership Services: EABC delivers value added membership products and services that compliment its key role in policy Advocacy.

ABOVE: The East African Summit that is composed of the Presidents of the five East Africa countries LEFT TO RIGHT: Presidents Pierre Nkurunziza (Burundi), Jakaya Kikwete (Tanzania), Uhuru Kenyatta (Kenya), Yoweri Museveni (Uganda) and Paul Kagame (Rwanda). With them is Dr. Richard Sezibera, the Chairman of the EABC

ing old members and driving policy advocacy, EABC seeks to ensure its activities receive national, regional and international attention.

OUTCOMES: Under 2011-15 Strategic Plan, EABC seeks to be more results driven to ensure that it is delivering value to our Members and stakeholders. The Expected Outcomes under its 5 year Strategic Plan include, but are not limited to the following: •

IV. Partnership strengthening: EABC aims at strengthening the partnership with its key stakeholders who include the business community, the EAC and all its organs, EABC National Focal Points and development partners. EABC works to leverage partner synergies to efficiently and effectively fulfill its mandate.

Under 2011-15 Strategic Plan, EABC seeks to be more results driven to ensure that it is delivering value to our Members and stakeholders

V. EABC visibility: With a view to attracting new members, retain-

An improved business environment, driven by evidence based policy advocacy Enhanced capacity and operational efficiency of the EABC secretariat Increased EABC visibility and communication with all our stakeholders Improved compliance to corporate governance principles Increased awareness of regional integration issues by the private sector Increased EABC ownership by the stakeholder that is by 100% Overall, increased intra EAC trade and investment

East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 7


AVIATION

NEWS

$15 MILLION SET ASIDE FOR AIRPORT SECURITY The Government of Kenya has set aside about $15 million dollars for improving airport security at major airports across the country. The bulk of these funds will go towards enhancing security at Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA), which is East and Central Africa’s biggest and busiest airport. Amongst the new security measures will be addition of new screening lanes for vehicles from the current two to 16. The General Service Unit (GSU) will also monitor the airport’s flight path around the clock. This is in addition to new patrol vehicles that have been donated to the Kenya Airports Police Unit (KAPU) by the Kenya Airports Authority (KAA). KAA has also awarded a $6.4 million security contract to Magal Security Systems Ltd, an Israeli firm to provide security services at JKIA. The deal includes securing critical areas of the airport and will also include multiple surveillance and access control technologies. The project is to be completed by June 2015.

KAA CONTRACTS SECOND IN-FLIGHT CATERER AT NAIROBI’S JKIA KAA has contracted global airline caterer LSG Sky Chefs Consortium to provide in-flight catering JKIA. LSG Sky Chefs becomes the second in-flight caterer for airlines operating from Nairobi after NAS, which has been the sole operator at JKIA. NAS is now part of French-based Serviar, which is world’s third largest inflight caterer. LSG Sky Chefs is set to invest about US$5 million (Sh437 million) into the Kenyan operation. Its entry will also see competition that will result to improved quality of service at the JKIA. LSG Sky Chefs also services O.R. Tambo International Airport (ORTIA) in Johannesburg and Cape Town International Airport (CTIA) in South Africa and Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA) in Lagos, Nigeria.

SIGINON AVIATION SET TO OPEN NEW AIRSIDE CARGO TERMINAL AT JKIA Nairobi’s JKIA is set to underline its position as the largest cargo facility on the continent when the new airside cargo terminal by Siginon Aviation comes online. The new $10 million cargo facility is expected to enhance the airport’s cargo facility that has more than doubles over the last five years. The Siginon Terminal at JKIA is in addition to an airside terminal Siginon Aviation operates at the Eldoret International Airport (EIA) which it currently operates. Siginon’s new cargo terminal will have the longest airside access at JKIA and will boast a close proximity to both the cargo and passenger terminals at the airport. According to Siginon Aviation, the terminal will meet high standards of aviation security as well as contribute towards improving the efficiency of handling operations reduce costs and maximize cargo ware-house throughput capacity. 8 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

SWISSPORT TO PUT UP NEW CARGO TERMINAL AT JNIA Swissport Tanzania is set to construct a new cargo terminal at Dar es Salaam’s Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA) at a cost of $6.3 million. The new terminal will be equipped to handle perishable goods such as horticultural produce, meat and fish more efficiently. The new cargo facility, according to Swissport, is expected to be operational by the end of October 2014 after which, the old cargo terminal will be turned into a dedicated export cargo facility, featuring a Perishable Export Centre with chillers and freezers able to process all different types of perishable produce.


NEWS

TCAA SET TO ACQUIRE NEW EQUIPMENT The Tanzania Civil Aviation Authority (TCAA) will soon benefit from an improved Automated Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) and Aeronautical Message Handling System (AMHS), the modern technologies that seek to boost aviation safety in the country. The installation of this state of-the-art ADS-B technology, will make Tanzania one of the first few African countries to implement this highly accurate and simultaneously cost effective surveillance solution, a product ICAO notes as a key element for the future ATM surveillance. TCAA will benefit from the excellent and accurate air surveillance system, with an extraordinary range, allowing Tanzania to provide precise tracking over landscape including highlands, a central plateau, mountainous areas - with Mount Kilimanjaro its highest peak, swamps and the archipelago of Zanzibar.

AVIATION

AIR UGANDA SET BE UGANDA’S NATIONAL CARRIER Air Uganda might be the new national carrier for Uganda after an agreement was reached last year for the Government of Uganda to purchase a stake in the growing airline currently owned by the Aga-Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED). There has been talks of reviving the defunct Uganda Airlines, but some players think it would be more expensive to revive the airline as compared to acquiring a stake in Air Uganda. In the meantime, Air Uganda has joined the African Airline Association (AFRAA). According to the airline’s CEO Cornwell Muleya, the airline has also applied for membership to the global IATA airline group. According to its CEO, Air Uganda is keen on participating on the continental aviation platform and will be one of the airlines represented at this years’ Routes Africa 2014 that will be held at Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.

The AMHS, on the other hand, assists in collecting aeronautical ground to ground communications such as the transmission of flight plans or meteorological data.

The airline has also recently been awarded its IOSA Certification.

DHL EXPRESS TANZANIA LAUNCHES AN EXPRESS DELIVERY FACILITY AT JNIA

NEW IN-FLIGHT CATERING UNIT UNDER CONSTRUCTION AT KIGALI AIRPORT

DHL Express Tanzania has launched a modern courier and transit facility at the Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA), giving the company a boost in rapid trade and economic growth in Tanzania through its services.

Kigali International Airport is set to get a new in-flight catering company. Currently, construction work on the facility has begun.

According to DHL, the facility will help the company provide local Tanzanian businesses, especially exporters and importers with reliable links to regional, international markets. The launch of the facility will be a catalyst to trade and investment and will particularly benefit the modern, higher value-add and exportfocused businesses that are increasingly demanding ‘end-to-end’ solutions, ‘justintime’ services and accurate delivery information.

On completion the new facility is expected to take-over the catering business at the airport that is currently handled by hotels based in Kigali. The investors were reportedly given an initial 15 year concession to provide meals to airlines operating into Kigali and national airline RwandAir is said to have a direct interest in the venture, which if confirmed would be no wonder as RwandAir is the largest user of the airport with the most flights, domestic and across their continental network. Kigali is also served by Kenya Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, South African and Air Uganda in codeshare with RwandAir, Brussels Airlines, KLM and Qatar Airways, Turkish Airlines among others.

East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 9


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10 | East African Aviation Guide | 2014

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JKIA

AIRPORTS

ABOVE: An overhead render of the the elongated X design of the new Greenfield Terminal at Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA)

The Greenfield Terminal East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 11


AIRPORTS

JKIA

JKIA set to underline its status as Africa’s premier aviation hub Words: Denis Gathanju Images/Graphics: KAA

Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) has broken ground for a new terminal building that will have the capacity to handle more than 20 million passengers a year. The new terminal is set to underline the role played by JKIA as a regional hub for passenger and cargo movement.

When complete, the Greenfield Terminal will have an installed capacity to handle traffic of over 3,200 international passengers in a typical peak hour; 2,400 transiting passengers in a typical peak hour and about 900 domestic passengers in a typical peak hour.

Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta presided over the ground-breaking ceremony of the new terminal christened “The Greenfield Terminal”. The president called on the contractors to meet the 2017 deadline and stick to the Sh55.5 billion (USD 650 million) budget.

The terminal is being built by Chinese companies Anhui Civil Engineering Group and China Aero-Technology International Engineering Corporation JV. “In addition to the increased passenger capacity, this Greenfield Terminal will also increase our cargo handling capacity to cement Kenya’s position as the leading airport in terms of cargo throughput in Africa,” said the President.

Said he: “We are taking bold steps to modernize our airports and other aviation infrastructure. Keeping our country competitive is paramount. In constructing this Greenfield Terminal, our intention is to make JKIA the most convenient, comfortable and secure airport in Africa.”

Currently, Nairobi’s JKIA handles the largest cargo movement in Africa and has over the last few years seen the expansion of its cargo terminal at JKIA.

BIGGEST TERMINAL BUILDING Once completed in 2017, the terminal will be the biggest single airport structure in Africa. It will boast 60 check-in counters, 10 of which will be for domestic flights and will come with eight remote gates. The terminal will also have 32 airbridges and 45 aircraft stands for parking with fuel hydrants and will have a dedicated railway link that will link the airport to central Nairobi.

Also planned is a second runway that will run parallel to the existing runway. The new runway will be longer and wider so as to accommodate larger and heavier aircraft that include the giant Airbus A380.

To enhance that role and position, President Kenyatta urged the Kenya Airports Authority (KAA)

We are taking bold steps to modernize our airports and other aviation infrastructure President Uhuru Kenyatta

12 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

to develop a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) within the airport area for the manufacture of goods that can be easily transported by air.

ELONGATED DESIGN Lucy Mbugua, the acting KAA Managing Director noted JKIA will boast the largest terminal building in Africa once the Greenfield Terminal is completed in 2017 unless other countries also expand their airport terminals. She said the closest airport terminal in terms of capacity in the region is South Africa’s OR Tambo’s Central Terminal with a capacity of 12 million passengers, followed by Egypt’s Cairo Airport Terminal Three with a capacity of 11 million and Shamel Sheikh also in Egypt with an installed capacity to handle 7.5 million passengers annually. The new terminal adopts an elongated X concept design, which is a mix of the pier concept as in the case of Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport and the linear concept design similar to the one at London’s Heathrow Airport. This unique design concept also mirrors the one adopted at Abu Dhabi’s new Midfield Terminal that is currently under construction. Unlike the pier layout where one building serves a large number of gates and the linear design which has a long building with air bridges that link the passenger terminal with the aircraft parking area, the elongated X design is more advantageous in the sense that it makes it easy for passen-


JKIA

AIRPORTS

gers to find and get to their check-in points and access the boarding gates much faster. While the new terminal design seeks to ensure an overall holistic travels experience for the passengers using the facility, it is also designed to be an iconic statement for Kenya, reflecting the needs of a modern Nairobi that is increasingly becoming the gateway to Africa. The overall design concept also draws from a combination of strong yet simple forms while at the same time utilizing natural materials. The design also incorporates careful control of natural light and colour due to Kenya’s warm climate. The building boasts a combination of gentle curves, overlapping roof planes and radial patterns of the structural columns and façade that will undoubtedly dominate the terminal’s structure. The terminal complex will come with four new floor plans and will cover about 180,000 square meters. An automated baggage system will be located on the ground floor while the immigration counters and the arrivals corridors will be on the first floor. The second floor will host the departures concourse that will also include check-in desks and emigration counters. An airport hotel and VIP Lounges are planned for the third and fourth floors respectively. By the time the new terminal is opened in 2017, JKIA will no doubt be in a better position to provide capacity needs of growing air traffic into and out of Africa via the new terminal complex and underline its position as not only an important East African aviation hub, but also the premier gateway to Africa. The terminal will also be fitted with some of the latest airport systems technology and enhanced security screening equipment on the continent.

KENYA AIRWAYS EXPANSION Construction of the Greenfield Terminal at JKIA will not only increase the passenger and cargo capacity at the airport, but will also enhance the expansion strategy adopted by national carrier Kenya Airways (KQ). Kenya Airways has over the last couple of years embarked on an ambitious growth and expansion programme that has seen the airline not only open up new routes, but also acquire new aircrafts. Under the programme dubbed Project Mawingu, Kenya Airways plans on flying to all African capitals by 2015 in its vision of connecting Africa to the world and bringing the world to Africa. The airline also plans to more than triple its fleet to more than 100 passenger and cargo aircrafts and connect more than 100 global destinations from its Nairobi hub.

ABOVE: An aerial view of the expanded JKIA complex. On the upper left is the existing runway, cargo and passenger termini. On the lower right is the location of the new Greenfield Terminal Complex and the second runway

GREENFIELD TERMINAL DESIGN Architectural design for the Greenfield Terminal was awarded to M. Ar thur Gensler Jr. & Associates, Inc., referred to as Gensler, an American design and architecture firm CONSTRUCTION Ground-breaking of the construction of the terminal was in December, 2013 by President Uhuru Kenyatta LEAD CONTRACTORS Anhui Civil Engineering Group (ACEG) and China Aero- Technology Engineering International Engineering Corporation (CATIC) COMPLETION DATE 2017 CAPACITY 20 million passengers per annum GREENFIELD TERMINAL COSTS US$ 654 million (KES. 55 billion) SECOND RUNWAY COSTS USD150million (KES. 12.7 billion)

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AIRPORTS

JKIA (T4)

JKIA AIRPORT 1978 Jomo Kenyatta International Airpor t (JKIA) was built in the 1970s. The airpor t was opened in 1978, by Kenya’s first President Mzee Jomo Kenyatta. The airpor t had an installed capacity to handle 2.5 million passengers and had 25 aircraft stands 2006 Facing increased passenger, cargo and aircraft movements, JKIA was designed for expansion. The airpor t was by this time processing more than 7 million passengers and a planned expansion to increase its capacity to 10 million passengers was initiated. The airpor t’s capacity was also extended to have 46 aircraft stands

Terminal Four (T4) plans by the Kenya Airports Authority (KAA).

The expected grand opening of new Terminal Four (T4) at Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) will be a welcome addition to an airport that has over the last one year lost the arrivals terminal thanks to a fire that gutted the building. Once it is operational, the new T4 is expected to inject an additional capacity to the airport as it is designed to handle 2.5 million passengers per annum. T4 will also more than double the airports size from the current 25,662m² to 55,222m². The terminal which is set to open in July 2014 will also ease pressure on the existing Units I, II and III which according to the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure will be refurbished and expanded in line with earlier expansion

The airport was marked for expansion in 2005 which was to be carried out in phases so as to minimize disruption of normal services at the facility. Phase I of the expansion works included expanding the aprons and increasing aircraft stands at the airport. The completion of T4 will mark the end of Phase II of the expansion works which cost $112 million.

ABOVE: An exterior render of the new Terminal Four (T4) at Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA)

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AIRLINE-AIRPORT HUB CONCEPT National carrier Kenya Airways (KQ) will be one of the biggest beneficiaries of the expansion works and subsequent opening of the new T4. KQ has over

2013 The ground-breaking of the new Greenfield Terminal and the completion of expansion of the new Terminal Four (T4) will increase passenger capacity to 27.5 million passengers a year. The airpor t will also have 107 aircraft stands 2014 Currently, JKIA handles more than 10 million passengers a year. This continues to grow by more than 12 per cent per annum. The airpor t is currently one of the 10 busiest airpor ts in Africa. The airpor t also handles more than 300 million of cargo annually, making it the biggest cargo facility in Africa the last few years adopted an airline-airport hub and growth strategy that seeks to maximize on growing its route network by leveraging it on its principal home airport. The concept has been successfully adopted by other airlines such as British Airways at London Heathrow and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines at Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport. Dr. Titus Naikuni, KQ’s Chief Executive Officer notes that the airport expansion and upgrading


JKIA (T4)

works at JKIA fully complement the airline’s growth strategy. Explains Dr. Naikuni: “Kenya Airways is expanding very fast, especially in Africa. Our strategy is to be able to link Africa to itself by flying into every African capital. Currently, a significant number of passengers traveling within Africa and to the outside world pass through Nairobi and with the expansion works at JKIA, we plan on carrying even more passengers from across Africa and link them to other parts of the world through JKIA.” Having embarked on an ambitious route expansion and growth campaign, Kenya Airways has been constrained by the capacity shortage at JKIA, but with an expanded airport facility, the airline will bolstered to meet its expansion targets.

ABOVE: President Uhuru Kenyatta at the ground breaking ceremony of Green Field Terminal Complex at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport

PHASE III EXPANSION According to Engineer Michael Kamau the Cabinet Secretary in the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure, once the new T4 is fully operational, then the government will proceed to implement the planned Phase III of the expansion programme that will involve expansion works at Units I, II and III at an estimated cost of $95 million. The expansion works will

Our strategy is to be able to link Africa to itself by flying into every African capital Titus Naikuni, Kenya Airways CEO

AIRPORTS

include the construction of a new floor space that mainly help separate arriving and departing passengers at the airport. This is not only a key security measure, but is also a key requirement for the airport so as to attain a Category I status. According to Eng. Kamau the government will also bring down the gutter Arrivals Terminal complex at the airport. Says he: “Initial structural investigations reveal that the Arrivals Terminal building structural integrity is unstable and recommends demolition,” he said. Plans are also in high gear to erect a temporary arrivals terminal at the airport to handle an additional 2.5 million passengers so as the current terminal can revert to its planned usage as a car garage.

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AIRPORTS JNIA, DAR

Dar es Salaam

lays ground for a new Terminal III Dar es Salaam’s Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA) is set to have a new terminal that, when complete will ease the pressure on the existing infrastructure at Tanzania’s main airport.

ABOVE: An artist’s impression of the new Terminal III complex at the Julius Nyerere International Airport in Dar es Salaam

The terminal will be built in two phases with Phase One expected

Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete laid the foundation stone for the construction of the new Terminal Three passenger lounge at the airport. Upon completion, the new passenger terminal will have an installed capacity to handle six million passengers per annum.

INCREASED CAPACITY

Currently, JNIA is handling about 2.5 million passengers against the available infrastructure that was initially designed to handle 1.2 million passengers.

We are facing is higher costs for the air transport, which is almost two times what is charged in European countries

President Jakaya Kikwete

16 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

to be completed by October 2015 while Phase Two will begin soon thereafter. On completion, the terminal will be more than four times bigger than the existing Terminal Two complex as it will cover about 70,000 square metres as compared to the 15,000 square meters at Terminal Two.

SPUR ECONOMIC GROWTH While unveiling the expansion plans for JNIA, President Kikwete expressed optimism that the new airport terminal would go a long way into helping improve air travel in Tanzania and spur


KIA

AIRPORTS

economic growth as the country gears towards realizing a middleincome status by 2025. The mega project is being implemented through a loan from HSBC Bank of United Kingdom, under the guarantee of the Government of Netherlands through that country’s Official Export Credit Agency (Atradius) and CRDB Bank of Tanzania. BAM International Bv of Netherlands is the main contractor while Egypt’s Arab Consulting Engineers will be construction consultants.

HIGH AIR TRANSPORTATION COSTS President Kikwete noted that air transport is no longer a luxury, but has become a catalysts through which development, especially in Africa can be achieved through opening up of new trade routes for intra-Africa trade and investments as well as to spur the growth and development of tourism. However, he lamented the high air transportation costs in the region and Africa as hindrances to the uptake of air travel saying “we are facing is higher costs for the air transport, which is almost two times of what is charged in European countries for a six-hour journey.”

JNIA AIRPORT COST Terminal III will cost $170 million to build CAPACITY Terminal III will have an initial capacity of 3.5 million people per annum on completion of Phase I. Phase II will add another 6 million passengers per year DOMESTIC Once Terminal III is complete, Terminal II will be conver ted to handle domestic flights

Kilimanjaro gets $30 million makeover the airport. These include Kenya Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, RwandAir, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines and Qatar Airways. KIA is currently operated and managed by the Kilimanjaro Airport Development Company (KADCO), a private company that was instrumental in securing the refurbishment funds for the airport.

Tanzania’s Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA) has over the last two years undergone a $30 million makeover programme that has seen the airport spruced up to not only meet growing demand, but also transform the facility into a fully-fledged tourist’s gateway. According to officials in Tanzania’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, the refurbishment works at KIA will go a long way into attracting foreign and regional carriers into the airport which mainly serves northern Tanzania, the country’s main tourist region. Currently, a number of regional and foreign carriers fly into

ABOVE: Passengers arriving at Kilimanjaro International Airport

According to statistics from the Tanzania Airports Authority (TAA) the number of international arrivals at KIA has consistently grown over the last few years and currently averages about 15 per cent annually growth rate since 2003. The airport is now serving about 650,000 passengers per year.

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PRIMETIME

TENNIS

18 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014


TENNIS

PRIMETIME

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AIRPORTS

KIGALI

Kigali International Airport, also known as Kanombe Airport is amongst the airports in the East African region that is currently undergoing refurbishment and expansion works. The airport is now serving a growing number of both regional and foreign carriers and is also the current home of fast-expanding RwandAir, the national carrier of Rwanda. This has led to congestion of the airport and putting a strain on a facility that was not meant to handle so much passenger and cargo movement. While there are plans to build a new airport at Bugesera, 40 kilometers south of the Rwandan capital, Kigali. The Government of Rwanda has been forced into expanding the airport so as to cope with the increased demand while it sources for funds to construct the new airport.

CONGESTION AND DELAYS According to the Rwanda Civil Aviation Authority (RCAA), the airport’s on-going expansion works are three phased so as to avoid disrupting normal airport operations. The first phase of the expansion works will see the expansion of the passenger areas, especially the arrivals and departures sections so as to accommodate more passengers. Phase I is almost complete. Phase II of the expansion works will witness the expansion of the aprons so that the airport can accommodate more aircraft. The expansion works will almost double the airports capacity from the current seven aircrafts to 13 aircrafts. Currently, the airport witnesses

Kigali Airport Expands

Plans new airport at Bugesera to meet increased traffic and ease congestion delays in landings and take-offs due to limited apron space at the airport. Sometimes, the delays stretch well over 25 minutes.

BUGESERA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Once the current expansion works are completed, the airport cannot be expanded further largely due to lack of available space for future expansions.

The third phase of the expansion programme at Kanombe Airport will involve the installment of a third conveyor belt system in the arrivals hall of the airport.

And based by the increase of passenger traffic at the airport which is growing at average rate of 15 per cent per annum, common sense dictates the erection of a new airport facility further away from the city’s built up residential areas.

According to the RCAA, once the expansion programme is completed, the airport will be able to handle up to 1.5 million passenger per annum. Currently, the airport is handling more than double its installed capacity. Last year, the airport processed more than 600,000 passengers against its original capacity of handling 300,000 passengers.

20 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

ABOVE: A view of the main terminal building at Kigali International Airport

The Bugesera region was identified as a suitable site for the new airport. Plans are to build a $650 million facility that will be built in two phases.


ENTEBBE AIRPORTS

Phase I will see the construction of a terminal building, a runway and auxiliary facilities at a cost of $450 million. Phase II will include the construction of a second runway and expansion of the main terminal building.

KIGALI AIRPORT CAPACITY The airpor t was constructed to handle 300,000 passengers per annum, but is currently processing 600,000 passengers. Expansion will increase passenger capacity to 1.5 million passengers per annum AIRCRAFT MOVEMENT The airpor t is currently handling about 400 aircraft frequencies per week HUB RwandAir uses the airpor t as its hub CATERING The airpor t is set to receive its first in-flight catering company that is expected to star t operations to serve the growing airlines operating into Kigali

Entebbe Airport

set for major upgrade INCREASED PASSENGER TRAFFIC

The Government of Uganda has embarked on an expansion programme at the country’s main international gateway at the Entebbe International Airport (EIA). Under a 20-year Civil Aviation Master-plan (CAM) estimated to cost about $400m, the Ugandan Government seeks to plough about $300m into the expansion of EIA.

Expansion of EIA is expected to enhance capacity at the airport which has over the years recorded an increase of passenger traffic. The airport’s passenger traffic has more than doubled between 2007 and 2013 when it recorded more about 700,000 passengers in 2007 to more than 1.4 million passengers in 2013.

Under the new masterplan, the government intends to modernize EIA and make it competitive like other international airports in the region.

The increased passenger traffic witnessed at EIA is largely as a direct result of new international carriers flying into the Ugandan airport.

Among the facilities to be expanded at EIA include the expansion of the existing aircraft hangar. A modern cargo terminal at EIA is also expected to be developed and the aprons expanded.

Over the last few years, the airport has welcomed new carriers that include Qatar Airways and Turkish Airlines while Air Uganda, which uses EIA as its hub has increased frequencies to some destinations within the region.

ABOVE: The main terminal building at Entebbe International Airport

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AIRPORTS

BOLE

Bole Airport rolls out the red carpet

Set to construct a new VIP Terminal; Plans new airport outside Addis Ababa VIP TERMINAL

Bole International Airport (BIA) is set to undergo an expansion programme that will keep it in line with the growth projections of home carrier Ethiopian Airlines. According to the Ethiopian Airports Enterprise (EAE), the government agency mandated to manage and maintain principal airports in Ethiopia, at least $250 million has been set aside for the planned expansion works at the airport. The bulk of the funds will be ploughed into expanding the existing Terminal I which is currently used for domestic and regional flights as well as expanding Terminal II that is mainly used for intra and intercontinental flights out of Addis Ababa.

According to the EAE, there are also plans of constructing a new VIP Terminal that will mainly be used to host visiting heads of states and governments, foreign diplomats and other high ranking officials. The construction of a VIP Terminal at Bole is mainly informed by the number of high level officials that frequently visit Addis Ababa since it hosts the headquarters of the Africa Union (AU).

ABOVE: An exterior shot of Terminal II building at Bole International Airport

22 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

The VIP Terminal will come with boarding areas, lounges, a recreation center, a shopping area, offices, conference rooms, an exclusive parking lot and other auxiliary facilities. Funding for the expansion works has been facilitated by

the Government of China while the China Communications Construction Company (CCCC), the parent company of the China Roads and Bridges Corporation (CRBC), will be the main contractor for the expansion works. Both companies have in the past been involved in other infrastructural projects in Ethiopia. Some ten years ago when Bole’s Terminal II was constructed, only 900,000 passengers were processed at the airport. The Terminal was put up to meet growing demand as the Ethiopian national carrier embarked on an expansion programme across Africa, Europe and the Middle East. This has seen passenger traffic at the airport grow, on average, by


BOLE

25 per cent per year. The airport is now handling about 6.5 million passengers annually against an installed capacity of 5 million passenger per annum.

NEW AIRPORT With the planned expansion works at the airport, the EAE expects the airport to have an installed capacity of handling 25 million passengers per year. Aside from the expansion works, plans are underway of constructing a new airport outside Addis Ababa. According to the EAE, at least three sites have been identified as possible areas where a brand new international airport can be constructed. Currently, Bole airport lies very close to the city center, just kilometers from central Addis Ababa. According the EAE, technical assistance has been requested from the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to advise the EAE on the best location to set up the new airport. The areas of Dukem and Teji which are close to Addis Ababa are said to

ABOVE: Inside Terminal II at Bole International Airport

have a similar altitude as Addis Ababa and the high elevation means that aircrafts consume more fuel. The Modjo area is more favoured as it is a lowland. However, the area is considered to be remote and lacking the necessary infrastructure connecting it to central Addis Ababa. The EAE is currently looking for consultants to work on a feasibility study for the new airport that will also include technical and financial studies and a comprehensive airport masterplan for the proposed facility before the EAE can source for funds to construct the airport.

The construction of a VIP Terminal at Bole is mainly informed by the number of high level officials that frequently visit Addis Ababa since it hosts the headquarters of the Africa Union (AU).

AIRPORTS

BOLE AIRPORT 1961 The airpor t in Addis Ababa was constructed in 1961 and named Haile Selassie I International Airpor t in honour of the then Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie 1999 An expansion programme was initiated at Bole that included the construction of the new Terminal II passenger terminal that was completed and opened in 2003. The old terminal was then refurbished an opened in 2004 to serve mainly domestic and regional flights 2010 The airpor t’s apron was then expanded to accommodate more and bigger aircraft. The airpor t can now accommodate 44 aircrafts up from 19 and handle bigger aircrafts such as the Boeing 747 and the Boeing 777 2003-2013 Passenger traffic at the airpor t has grown six fold from about 1 million passengers in 2003 to about 6.5 million passengers in 2013. Passenger traffic at the airpor t is expected to reach 22 million per annum by 2025

East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 23


EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS AIRLINES AIRPORTS AUTHORITY GROUND HANDLING CARGO LOGISTICS

tries through convenient airlinks. Moreover, the airlines have upped frequencies to some destinations within the continent with a view to offer faster and better connections to other parts of the continent and beyond. Ethiopian Airline, has in the recent past upped the stakes in its air-battle with Kenya Airways by doubling its flight frequencies into Nairobi from its hub at Addis Ababa. Aside from this, Ethiopian Airlines has been on a charm offensive on the continent through establishment of smaller airlines and smaller hubs, especially in West Africa, arguably one of the biggest growing markets for air travel on the continent. The airline has also gone further to acquire a 49 per cent stake in Malawian Airlines and by extension set up a southern Africa hub at

The skies over Eastern Africa and the wider continental skie are litup with a renewed competition for dominance in passenger and cargo movement. On the one corner is Ethiopian Airlines (ET), no doubt the pioneer of African civil aviation and in the other corner is the equally ambitious, but younger Kenya Airways (KQ).

ABOVE & BELOW: The new Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircrafts that both Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Airlines have invested in as part of their fleet up-grade and routes expansion programme

These two airlines no doubt seem to be locked up in a vicious battle over continental skies and both seem to agree that there remains a huge potential for air traffic growth into, out of and within Africa. And with the conetinent being largely under-served in as far as air connectivity is concerned, both KQ and ET are placing all bets on Africa.

LINKING THE CONTINENT Over the last few years, ET and KQ have been on an ambitious growth and expansion programme that has mainly been driven by a combined desire to link up African coun24 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

Battle of the Titans


EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS LOGISTICS CARGO GROUND HANDLING AIRPORTS AUTHORITY AIRLINES

Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Airlines jostle for dominance over continental skies Lilongwe. Kenya Airways on the other hand has not been taking this lying low. The airline has announced plans of connecting every major African capital city to its hub in Nairobi and further to other destinations across its network in the Middle East, the Far East and Europe. KQ has unveiled a detailed expansion programme dubbed Project Mawingu that will guide the airline’s expansion for the next 10 years. Under the proramme, Kenya Airways plans to fly to every habituated continent in the world within the next three years. The airline also plans to open routes to the hubs of its other SkyTeam members in Xiamen (Xiamen Airlines), Hanoi (Vietnam Airlines), Seoul (Korean Air), Moscow (Aeroflot) and Prague (Czech Airlines).

BOEING 787 DREAMLINER To sustain the ambitious expansion programmes, the two airlines are also heavily investing in new aricrafts. Currently, they remain the only airlines on the continent that operate the new Boeing 787 Dreamliner. They also operate the ultra-long Boeing 777-300 ER which has mainly been deployed on inter-continental routes. And to solidify their growth plans, the respective governments are collectively spending $900 million dollars for expansion of their principal hubs in Nairobi and Addis Ababa? For KQ and ET, the sky has no limit.

RIGHT: Some important facts and figures on both Kenya Airways and Ethiopian Airlines

FOUNDED Kenya Airways was established in 1977 after the breakup of the then East African Community and subsequent grounding of the then East African Airlines

FOUNDED Ethiopian Airlines was founded in 1945, but commenced operations in 1946. At the time, it was the only African carrier and heralded air travel on the continent

HUB Jomo Kenyatta International Airpor t (JKIA), Nairobi

HUB Bole International Airpor t, Addis Ababa

HUB CAPACITY JKIA has a capacity of handling 7 million passengers per year, but once the new Greenfield Terminal is completed, will have a passenger capacity of 22.5 million passengers per year

HUB CAPACITY Bole International Airpor t has a capacity of handling 6.5 million passengers, but there are plans of building a new airpor t whose passenger capacity is yet to be announced

ALLIANCE SkyTeam - KQ is the only African airline that is a member of SkyTeam

ALLIANCE Star Alliance - ET is one of three African airlines that is a member of Star Alliance

SLOGAN The Pride of Africa

SLOGAN The New Spirit of Africa

FLEET SIZE 47

FLEET SIZE 64

EXPANSION STRATEGY KQ has a 10-year expansion strategy called Project Mawingu. Under the strategy, the airline intends to increase its fleet size to 120 aircrafts and serve 115 destinations across the world from Nairobi

EXPANSION STRATEGY ET has adopted a 15-year expansion strategy dubbed Vision 2015. Under the strategy, the airline plans to operate 120 aircrafts serving at least 95 destinations across the world from Addis Ababa

SUBSIDIARIES JamboJet, African Cargo Handling Limited, Kenya Airfreight Handling Limited, PrecisionAir (Tanzania)

SUBSIDIARIES ASKY (West Africa), Malawian (Southern Africa)

OWNERSHIP Government of Kenya 29.8 per cent KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 26.73 per cent and rest of shares traded on the Nairobi Securities Exchange www.kenya-airways.com

OWNERSHIP 100 per cent owned by the Government of Ethiopia

www.ethiopianairlines.com

East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 25


NO ONE CONNECTS AFRICA TO THE WORLD LIKE WE DO

Youngest fleet 200 Daily flights More than 79 destinations in 5 continents 21,900 Star Alliance network connections Winner of Prestigious Awards www.ethiopianairlines.com


EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS LOGISTICS CARGO GROUND HANDLING AIRPORTS AUTHORITY AIRLINES

Linking Africa -

one city at a time

RwandAir is the fastest growing African airline at the moment. Within a short, four-year window, the airline has witnessed a meteoric rise and has not been shy to show its intent by opening new destinations and increasing its frequencies across the region. Recently crowned Africa’s Best Short-haul Airline at the 2013 Africa Travel Awards, the airline is aiming at enhancing air connectivity across Africa. RwandAir’s CEO Mr. John Mirenge spoke to Publisher Denis Gathanju. Excerpts: Denis Gathanju: The Rwandan economy has been on an upward trajectory over the last decade or so. What role does RwandAir as the national carrier play?

ABOVE: One of the new regional jets delivered to RwandAir

John Mirenge: Rwanda is a landlocked country, which means that our geographical position comes with a physical challenge and we cannot do anything about that.

However, we have wide open skies above us and we, as a national carrier, are using that as an asset to help grow our economy by creating linkages and enhancing connectivity throughout the region and beyond. With an inter-connected region, then we can realize economic growth and development. This is important, not only for Rwanda, but for the entire African continent as doing business will become easier and faster.

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EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS AIRLINES AIRPORTS AUTHORITY GROUND HANDLING CARGO LOGISTICS

the expansion and development of our economy. DG: RwandAir has had a meteoric growth, especially in Africa. What would you attribute that to?

DG: One sector of the Rwandan economy that has really taken off is the tourism industry, how has the national airline helped to contribute towards this?

ABOVE: John Mirenge, the Chief Executive Officer at RwandAir

JM: Tourism is today the biggest and fastest growing sector of the Rwandan economy and it continues to grow. As an airline, we see ourselves as not only a key player and facilitator towards its continued growth, but also as an important catalyst that will take the sector to the next level. Business tourism is the next big thing as Rwanda is now ready to start hosting high level conferences and exhibitions in Kigali and our role in enabling travel into and out of Kigali becomes increasingly important to make that happen. DG: Would that be the main reason as to why the Government of Rwanda continues to pump money into the airline? JM: As an airline, we are blessed and very fortunate to have a shareholder, mainly government, which quite literally has put its money where its mouth is. We have a very focused and results-oriented shareholder that has been very supportive of our intentions as an airline to grow and due to that, we have been able to positively contribute towards 28 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

JM: We are still a young airline that is growing. Our main focus, at the moment, is to continue creating and enhancing connectivity, especially in the African market, which we believe is hugely under-served and has the best growth projections in the global aviation industry at the moment. As an airline, we have opened some routes on the continent and we have been able to change the dynamics of air travel in those markets and we want to do more. DG: But where does RwandAir fit in, considering that your location is smack in the middle of the continent, yet you are surrounded by bigger aviation hubs and bigger airlines? JM: Like I mentioned before, Africa is hugely under-served and

nation, it takes years. We also have a dilapidated infrastructure in most parts of the continent and this adds on to our operating costs. DG: But why is it that foreign carriers, especially those from the Middle East seem to be doing better on African routes as opposed to continental based airlines? JM: One of the biggest disadvantage that African carriers have is the unpredictable oil prices. Fuel is our main expense. However, African carriers seem to be struggling because we do not complement each other, we are busy competing against each other. And that alone puts us at a great disadvantage against foreign carriers, which by the way are making more money out of Africa that all African airlines combined. And that alone should trouble us. We need to work together, but the irony of this is that what we say is the opposite of what we do. Some governments put harsh restrictions on African airlines while

We have a very focused and results-oriented shareholder that has been very supportive John Mirenge, CEO RwandAir there is growing demand for air transport all across Africa. What is needed right now is breaking down all the trade barriers and exorbitant landing fees, high taxes and levies. For instance, we keep on talking about adopting an Open Skies policy in Africa, but implementing this becomes a big struggle. I mean before you get to sign the bilateral air service agreements and get the rights to fly to a desti-

they throw the doors wide open to attract mainly European and Gulf-based carriers. This works against us. DG: Speaking of complementing each other and working together. RwandAir is currently working very closely with Ethiopian Airlines (ET). How is this benefiting the airline? JM: We currently have a code-share agreement with ET


EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS LOGISTICS CARGO GROUND HANDLING AIRPORTS AUTHORITY AIRLINES

connecting the dots and realizing that for economic development to take place, then air transport is one of the drivers to this.

and we are also partners in the aviation industry. ET is currently training some of our staff that include 11 pilots and 19 technicians who are at different stages of training at ET’s aviation college in Addis Ababa. Soon, we will be sending 30 more cadets to Addis for training.

The existing infrastructure is decades old and with the increased growth of airlines in the sub-region, it has become critical to expand the airport infrastructure.

ET also maintains our fleet that includes the Boeing aircrafts that we operate as well as the Q400s. Aside from this, we are also a commercial agreement that is mutually beneficial to us.

We will increase our route network from the current 16 to 25 destinations John Mirenge, CEO RwandAir

DG: Just four years ago, RwandAir was a small boy, dreaming to play in the big league of continental aviation. This boy is now in his teenage years, what next for the airline?

DG: Across the East African sub-region, almost all the major airports are expanding, including Kigali. What is your take on this? JM: The East African region is entering a new economic phase and it is really commendable that the East African governments are

Kigali International Airport is currently being expanded because we have reached and exceeded the capacity of the facility. Currently about 40 per cent of all traffic at the airport is transit and we continue to see this growing and that is why there are plans of putting up a bigger airport in Bugesera in the next five years.

BELOW: A new turbo-prop aircraft delivered to RwandAir this year

JM: Four years ago, we carried about 100,000 passengers in one year, last year, we carried

more than 500,000 passengers and this year, we are looking at carrying 650,000 passengers. Passenger traffic through Kigali has been growing at 5 per cent year-on-year for the last 10 years. We will be adding more destinations in Africa. We have identified at least three destinations in West Africa and Southern Africa that we intend to expand to in the next two years. We will also be adding Mumbai in India and a destination in China within the next five years. We are also seeking to add on to our fleet to serve, especially the Kigali-Dubai route which has recorded impressive growth. We want to deploy a wide-body aircraft on the route. That means that in the next five years, we will increase our route network from the current 16 to 25 destinations and increase our fleet from the current seven to 12 aircrafts, two of which will be wide-bodies.

FOUNDED RwandAir was established in 2002, but began operations in 2003 HUB The airline operates from Kigali International Airpor t FLEET 8 Aircrafts EXPANSION STRATEGY RwandAir has embarked on an ambitious growth and route expansion strategy that will see the airline operate at least two wide-bodies aircrafts, especially on the lucrative Kigali-Dubai route. The airline also expects to add more routes in Africa and open a new route to Indian and China over the next three years

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EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS AIRLINES AIRPORTS AUTHORITY GROUND HANDLING CARGO LOGISTICS

Within its intra-African network, which encompasses 50 destinations, Astral operates a combination of scheduled and ad-hoc charters along with value-added services. Its interline agreements with over 20 Interline Partners; along with preferential agreements with the leading global and local freight forwarders; and partnerships with over 25 global GSA’s facilitate the consolidation and transshipment of in-bound cargoes at the freighter-friendly Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Astral Aviation’s focus is to maintain a solid intra-African network which will be served by a combination of scheduled and charter flights. Its current footprint which encompasses Eastern Africa with its dynamic Nairobi

Astral Aviation blazes the trail Gears towards operating the largest cargo network in Africa

Astral Aviation, is one of Africa’s most dynamic cargo airlines. Based at Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Astral Aviation has been on a remarkable journey of creating linkages through the African skies since its humble journey commenced more than 14 years ago. Today, Astral Aviation is a market leader catering to a diverse client base that includes the world’s best interline partners, freight forwarders, GSA’s, charter brokers, UN Agencies and aid organizations.

INTRA-AFRICAN NETWORK 30 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014


EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS LOGISTICS CARGO GROUND HANDLING AIRPORTS AUTHORITY AIRLINES

Spoke Model which it has successfully implemented for the past 14 years. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) has earned the reputation as the premier passenger and cargo hub of Sub Saharan Africa, and was rated by ACI as being the leading Cargo Airport in Africa. The recent expansion at JKIA allows for greater consolidations of cargoes at the freighter friendly airport in addition to the creation of additional parking bays at the cargo apron. Astral Aviation promotes the consolidation of cargoes at Nairobi for onward air-freight to the regional economies of Eastern Africa comprising of Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Mozambique, Somalia and South Sudan with plans for further expansion into the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Angola, Chad and Central African Republic. economies of Western Africa and in Johannesburg, South Africa to cater to the Southern Africa market.

hub enables it to actively serve the economies of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, South Sudan, Somalia and Mozambique with its current F27 (6 Tons), DC9 (15 Tons) and B727 Fleet (24 Tons)

The increased fleet capacity will also help bolster the company’s operations which will see increased frequencies on existing routes and expansion of new routes into the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Chad and the Central African Republic.

GROWTH AND EXPANSION Additionally, Astral is the only Kenyan cargo airline to operate a B747-400 Freighter with a capacity of 110 tons, from Nairobi – London – Liege (Belgium) – Lagos – Nairobi, which it operates twice weekly with perishables for the UK market. Having been successfully crowned African All Cargo Carrier on two occasions in 2011 and 2013, Astral Aviation has now embarked on an ambitious growth and expansion strategy that will see the company acquire new aircrafts that include the Boeing 737-400F. This will help Astral Aviation establish new hubs in Lagos, Nigeria to cater to the oil-rich

LARGEST CARGO NETWORK ABOVE: An Astral Aviation aircraft taxies to the runway OPPOSITE PAGE ABOVE: An Astral Aviation cargo aircraft takes off OPPOSITE PAGE BELOW: An Astral Aviation cargo jet getting loaded with cargo

Astral Aviation’s ultimate strategy is to operate the largest cargo network in Africa with three independent hubs in Nairobi, Lagos and Johannesburg, and to eventually operate freighters into Europe, Middle East and China bound with exports from South and East Africa and return with imports for the entire continent. Astral Aviation’s business philosophy is hinged on the Hub &

With Kenya being a cargo and logistics hub, Astral Aviation has positioned itself strategically so as to provide superior and timely services. One such service it currently offers is the unique but limited sea-air service from the Ports of Mombasa to the land-locked countries of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, D. R. Congo, Ethiopia, Southern Sudan, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Central African Republic, and Chad, to name but a few. Astral combines the sea-freight, transit clearance at the port, warehousing, and airfreight to the end destination, thus reducing the cost, transit time, and the number of intermediaries involved. Astral will enter into a strategic partnership with a leading shipping company to provide the vital link to a sea-air service which will be the only one of its kind in the continent and will complement existing sea-air products for Africa currently undertaken in Dubai. In time, Astral will expand its sea-air product to cover West Africa and Southern Africa

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EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS AIRLINES AIRPORTS AUTHORITY GROUND HANDLING CARGO LOGISTICS

tradewinds AVIATION SERVICES A global leader in Aviation Solutions Tradewinds Aviation Services is a reputable Ground Service Provider to airlines and airports in Kenya. With its initial operations at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA),

solutions, and has acquired affiliations with leading industry organizations like ASA, IATA, NBAA and has recently acquired ISAGO certification.

Tradewinds has increased its countrywide footprint to include Mombasa (MIA), Kisumu (KIA), Malindi (MYD) and Eldoret (EDL). Tradewinds is able to handle all types of aircraft ranging from light to AN225. The company comprises a highly qualified and experienced team which is flexible and quick to meet new challenges in the ever-changing market place.

• • • •

Tradewinds prides itself on providing world class ground handling services and aviation

Ground Handling Services Airline Representation Airline Security (AVSEC) Aircraft Fueling

AIRCRAFT SERVICES

32 | East African Aviation Handbook | 2014

RAMP SERVICES • • • • •

• • • • •

PASSENGER SERVICES Arrival Check- in Services Special and VIP Service Transfers Meet and Greet Security

Cabin Grooming Water Replenishing Waste Removal Aircraft Towing and moving Ramp to flight deck communication Security

Baggage Sorting Load Control Aircraft Loading/Unloading ULD Control Oversize Cargo

GHE (GROUND HANDLING EQUIPMENT) MAINTENANCE

AVIATION SERVICES

• • • • • •

• • • • •

Routine Service Equipment Inspection and safety compliance GHE Hire Major Equipment overhaul Equipment rehabilitation

OTHER SERVICES RIGHT: Internal Clients and Associates BELOW: Local Clients

• • • • • • • •

Landing Permissions Over flight Applications Fuel Arrangement Hotel Bookings Catering Orders Flight Watch Crew Transport Flight Watch


EAST AFRICAN AVIATION BUSINESS LOGISTICS CARGO GROUND HANDLING AIRPORTS AUTHORITY AIRLINES

AOG – AIRCRAFT ON GROUND • • • • • •

Airfreight/Courier Clearance Customs Bonds KCAA/KRA Exemption/ Approvals Storage Normal or Bonded Door to Door Services

AVSEC – AIRCRAFT SECURITY • • • • •

Passport Control Baggage Cargo Passenger Screening Aircraft on Ground

MEET AND ASSIST SERVICES – MAAS • • • • • • •

Personal assistance to/from the gates, Escort through Security procedures Monitoring of flights Pre-boarding assistance Group/Family check-in, Baggage handling Vehicle Transfers - including Limousines

Tradewinds Aviation Services Limited Cargo Village, Freight Link Road Mechanized Freight Terminal, 2nd Floor P.O. Box 42474-00100, Nairobi, Kenya. Tel: +254 20 822805-6 Fax: +254 20 822803 Email: info@tradewindskenya.com marketing@tradewindskenya.com Tradewinds Logistics Limited Cargo Village, Freight Link Road Mechanized Freight Terminal, 2nd Floor P.O. Box 42474-00100, Nairobi, Kenya. Tel: +254 20 822805-6 Fax: +254 20 822803 Email: sales@tradewinds-logistics.com JKIA Office General Manager – Henry Lasoi Email:h.lasoi@tradewindskenya.com Cell: +254 733 633790 Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Terminal 3 Airside Tel: +254 20 822432/433/481/154 Fax: +254 20 822066 Email: toperations@tradewindskenya.com VHF Airband 132.8

Moi International Airport Tradewinds Aviation Services Limited. P.O. Box 80115-94603, Mombasa, Kenya. Tel: +254 724 798138 / +254 738 294161 Email: mbaops@tradewindskenya.com Station Manager Mombasa William Kimani – Cell +254 721 955472 Email w.kimani@tradewindskenya.com Eldoret & Kisumu Stations Tradewinds Aviation Services Limited Kisumu International Airport, P.O. Box 3402 – 40100 Kisumu, Kenya Station Manager Julius Achaga- Cell: +254 722 625517 Email: j.achaga@tradewindskenya.com

East African Business Council | www.eabc.info | 33


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