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HCBC Cont’d protein, vitamins and minerals result, they find themselves can be met. We must be aware struggling with symptoms of that our local hays, while adpoor saddle fit: “fighting the equate in protein, are very high saddle,” feeling out of balin sugars and deficient in minance, falling into a “chair seat,” erals; we should ask suppliers swinging legs and knees/toes for test results and/or get our turned out 45 degrees. Saddles hay tested. She suggests mixing designed for women will have grass hays and legume hays to a narrow twist, a wide seat and achieve nutrient RDAs as one almore cantle support. ternative to the use of fortified Equine nutritionist Dr. feeds, aiming for a high percent Tania Cubitt, PhD, spoke on of Lysine, as it is the first limitthe topic of hay and hay qualing amino acid. Lastly, Dr. Cubitt ity in the modern equine diet. advises that we make an effort Current equine management to match hay quality (digestpractices are at odds with what ibility and palatability) and hay the horse’s digestive system nutritional value to the specific evolved to expect, and thereneeds of the individual horse. fore are responsible for most of Dr. Robert Bowker, the stomach and gastric ulcers DVM PhD, shared a wealth of that plague performance horsknowledge about the struces. The natural equine diet inDr. James Carmalt spoke about Equine Dentistry ture and function of the hoof, volves continuous grazing over a wide variety of high-fibre forages so that nutritional needs for energy, along with details about his 10+ years of research on the equine foot at Michigan State University. He is adamant that equine management practices must change, as the man-made problem of peripheral loading (i.e. the hoof wall bearing the horse’s weight, instead of the sole and frog) is preventing the energy-dissipating structures in the hoof from functioning as they evolved to do. Instead, vibration from movement is transmitting into the ligaments and microvessels of the frog and digital DEALER cushion, damaging them, which in turn constricts blood flow and leads FOR to deterioration of the coffin bone. He likened the effect (navicular syndrome) to the human connective tissue disorders suffered by jackhamSouthland, Rainbow, mirage & marlon Trailers mer operators. As a specialist in equine dentistry, Dr. James Carmalt, MA VetMB Dump TRAiLER MVetSc, spoke about the fundamental differences between the horse’s ROunD pEn upper and lower jaws and teeth. He emphasized the importance of preserving the tooth surface angles between the upper and lower jaws, as removal of these angles through improper floating hinders the function of the highly-specialized cheek teeth. Dr. Carmalt also shared his re15 mESh 4x7 pAnELS + REg. $8,595 search into how the pain from inflammation of the Temporomandibular 5’ mESh gATE AT Joint (TMJ) may affect jaw function and chewing pattern. SALE $7,895 $835 On the topic of emergency preparedness, Dr. Rebecca Gimenez, PhD, shared some very practical tips for handling not just horses in an emergency situation but also people. She says that the biggest probpAnELS lems in a rescue situation are the owners, bystanders and well-inten15 pAnELS + TE tioned but ill-prepared helpers who crowd around the horse (like a gA u R Th 4’ RiDEpack of predators, stressing the horse further) and place themselves in $899 dangerous positions, like in the line of fire from a hind kick. Her recommendation is to let the professionals, such as the fire department, do the AT $54 EAch rescue and keep “helpers” out of the way. Anyone involved in a technical rescue must use safety equipment (gloves, footwear, HELMET) and be 250-545-2000 • 7885 Highway 97, Vernon, BC trained in proper procedures; courses in large animal rescue are able through Equine Guelph.

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6 • Saddle Up • May 2015

HCBC 2010 Business of tHe Year

Saddle Up May 2015  
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Horse Magazine, Western Canada, English and Western, Club News, Equine