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Gz;gl;l cs;sq;fspy; Gwg;gLk; czh;Tfs; ghpRj;j Ntjhfkj;jpd; gioa Vw;ghl;bYs;s1 rq;fPjg; Gj;jfk;2 kdpjh;fSila kd czh;Tfspd; ntspg;ghl;by; cUthd gyjug;gl;l ghly;fisf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. gioa Vw;ghl;Lf;fhy gf;jh;fs; tho;tpd; tpj;jpahrkhd #o;epiyfspy; vj;jifa czh;TfSld; ,Ue;jhh;fNsh> mj;jifa czh;Tfis vy;yhk; mth;fs; ghly;fshf vOjpa rq;fPjq;fspy; ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;. ,jdhy;> rq;fPjg; Gj;jfj;jpYs;s 150 ghly;fspy; 58 rq;fPjq;fs; kdpj kdjpd; Ntjidfis ntspg;gLj;Jk; Gyk;gy;fshfNt cs;sd.3 rq;fPjq;fis vOjpath;fs; jq;fSila kd czh;Tfis vtUf;Fk; njhpahj epiyapy; cs;sj;jpw;Fs; kiwj;J itj;Jf;nfhz;L> gyte;jkhf Kfj;jpy; Gd;KWtiy tutiof;Fk; ebfh;fshf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mth;fs;> jq;fSila cs;sj;jpd; Jau epiyia ntspg;gLj;Jtjw;Fj; jaq;fNth> ntl;fg;glNth ,y;iy. ,jdhy;> gy rq;fPjq;fs; Gz;gl;l khdpl cs;sq;fspypUe;J Gwg;gLk; czh;TfshfNt cs;sd. rq;fPjj;jpd; rhpj;jpuk; rq;fPjg; Gj;jfj;jpy; Gz;gl;l cs;sq;fspy; Gwg;gLk; czh;Tfshf cs;s ghly;fspy; 137k; rq;fPjKk; xd;whFk;. fp.K.586y; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd A+jh;fSila cs;sf; FKwy;fspd; czh;r;rpf; fhtpakhf ,r;rq;fPjk; cs;sJ.4 Mdhy;> ,r;rq;fPjk; jiyg;gpy;yhky; ,Ug;gjdhy; ,J ahuhy; vOjg;gl;lJ vd;gij mwpaKbahJs;sJ. vdpDk;> rq;fPjj;jpd; Kjyhk; trdj;jpy; ghgpNyhdpd; MWfisg;gw;wp Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUg;gjdhy;> fp.K.586y; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd A+jh;fspy; xUtNu ,ij vOjpapUf;fNtz;Lk;.5 NkYk;> ghgpNyhdpa uhl;rpak; tPo;r;rpAw;w gpd;Ng mq;fpUe;j A+jh;fs; jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gp te;jdh;. 137k; rq;fPjj;jpd; ,Wjpg;gFjp ghgpNyhdpa uhl;rpak; 1

ghpRj;j Ntjhfkj;jpy ; ,uz;L gFjpfs; cs;sd. ,tw;wpy; KjyhtJ \\gioa Vw;ghL|| vd;Wk; ,uz;lhtJ \\Gjpa Vw;ghL|| vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLfpd;wJ. Njtdhfpa ,NaRfpwp];J kdpjdhf ,t;Tyfj;jpw;F tUtjw;F Kd;G eilngw;w fhhpaq;fs; gioa Vw;ghl;bYk;> mjd; gpd;Gs;s tp~aq;fs; Gjpa Vw;ghl;bYk; cs;sd. 2 gioa Vw;ghL 39 jdpg;gl;l Gj;jfq;fspd; njhFg;ghFk; ,jpy; 19MtJ Gj;jfkhf rq;fPjg; Gj;jfk; cs;sJ. 3 ,J gw;wpa tpguq;fSf;F vdJ \\rq;fPjq;fspd; rj;jpaq;fs;|| vd;Dk; E}iyg; ghh;f;fTk;. 4 A+jh;fs; fp.K. 586y; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg; Nghdhh;fs;. ,th;fspy; xU FOtpdh; fp.K.538y; nrUghNgy; vd;gtDila jiyikapy; jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gp te;jdh;. mjd; gpd;dh; fp.K. 458y; v];whtpd; jiyikapy; ,d;DnkhU FOtpdUk;> fp.K. 445y; neNfkpahtpd; jiyikapy; ,d;DnkhU FOtpdUk; vUrNyKf;F te;jdh;. ,r;r hpj;jpuk; gioa Vw;ghl;bYs;s v];wh kw;Wk; neNfkpah vd;Dk; Gj;jfq;fspy; cs;sJ. 5

W.Brueggemann, The Message of the Psalms: A Theological Commentary, p. 74; C.C.Broyles, Psalms: New International Biblical Commentary, p. 479; D.Kidner, Psalms 73-150: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, p. 459; A.Curtis, Psalms: Epworth Commentaries, p. 250. gioa Vw;ghl;bd; fpNuf;f nkhopngah;g;gpy;> ,r;rq;fPjk;

\\jhtPijg;Nghd;w vNukpahtpd; rq;fPjk;|| vd;Dk; jiyg;igf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. Mdhy;> vNukpah ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg; Nghfhjikahy; ,J jtwhd xU Fwpg;ghfNt cs;s J.


,d;Dk; tPo;r;rpailahky; ,Ug;gijr; Rl;bf;fhl;Ltjdhy;>6 ,r;rq;fPjk; A+jh;fs; ghgpNyhdpy; ,Uf;Fk; fhyj;jpNyNa vOjg;gl;bUf;fNtz;Lk;.7 ,jdhy;> ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg; Myag; ghlfh;fspy; xUtNu ,r;rq;fPjj;ij 8 vOjpAs;sjhf NtjMuha;r;rpahsh;fs; fUJfpd;wdh;. A+jh;fs; ghgpNyhdpy; 70 tU~q;fs; rpiwg;gl;bUe;jdh;. ,jdhy;> ghgpNyhdpar; rpiwapUg;gpd; ,Wjpf;fhyj;j py; ,r;rq;fPjk; vOjg;gl;bUf;fyhk; vd;W Ntj Muha;r;rpahsh;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;.9 rq;fPjj;jpd; rpy trdq;fs; ,we;jfhyj;jpy; vOjg;gl;bUg;gijr; Rl;bf;fhl;Lk; rpyh;> A+jh;fs; ghgpNyhdpypUe;J jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gp te;j gpd;Ng ,r;rq;fPjk; vOjg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W thjpLfpd;wdh;.10 vdpDk;> ghgpNyhdpah;fs; vUrNyikj; jhf;fpaij Nehpy; fz;l xUth; vOjpa tpjj;jpNyNa ,r;rq;fPjk; ,Ug;gjdhy; (137:7)> ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Ngha;> 70 tU~q;fspd; gpd;dh; mq;fpUe;J jpUk;gpte;j xUtNu 137k; rq;fPjj;ij vOjpAs;sjhf ,th;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;.11 A+jh;fs; tU~e;NjhWk; Ie;jhk; khjj;jpy; (rf.7:2-3)12 vUrNyk; efuKk; MyaKk; ghgpNyhdpah;fspdhy; mopf;fg;gl;lij epidT$h;e;J elj;Jk; cgthr n[gj;jpy; ,r;rq;fPjj;ijg; ghLtJ tof;fk;.13 ,jdhy;> ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd Myag; ghlfh;fspy; xUth; Muk;gj;jpy; ghgpNyhdpy; A+jh;fs; ghLk;NghJ> rq;fPjj;jpd; Vw;wtpjj;jpy; fUJfpd;wdh;.15

,we;jfhyj;jpy;

itj;J vOjpa ,g;ghliy>14 gpw;fhyj;jpy; rpy trdq;fisj; jq;fSila fhyj;jpw;F khw;wpAs;sjhf

NtjMuha;r;rpahsh;fs;

rq;fPjj;jpd; rj;jpak; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd A+jh;fs; kdKile;J Nghd epiyapy; jq;fSf;F Neh;e;j Jauq;fis epidj;J NtjidAld; vOjpa ghlyhf 137k; 6

ghgpNyhdpa uhl;rpak; mope;JNghfNtz;Lk; vd;Dk; Nfhhpf;ifAld; ,r;rq;fPjk; epi wT ngWtjdhy;> ,r;rq;fPjk; vOjg;gl;l fhyj;jpy; ghgpNyhdpa uhl;r pak; tPo;r;r paile;jpUf;ftpy;iy. 7

J.Goldingay, Psalms 90-150; Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms, p. 600. D.M.Williams, Psalms 73-150: The Preacher’s Commentary, p. 460; J.L.Mays, Psalms: Interpretation, p. 421; G.W.Grogan, Psalms: The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary, p. 215. 9 A.P.Ross, Psalms: The Bible Knowledge Commentary, p. 890. 10 H.C.Leupold, Exposition of The Psalms, p. 933; J.Flanigan, Psalms: Ritchie Old Testament Commentaries, p. 587; J.A.Motyer, Psalms: New Bible Commentary 20 th Century Edition, p. 577; J.W.Sire, Thirsting for God: Exploring Prayer Through The Psalms, p. 144. 11 L.C.Allen, Psalms 73-150: New International Bible Commentary, p. 647. A.A.Anderson, Psalms Volume 2: New Century Bible, p. 897; G.W.Grogan, Psalms: The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary, pp. 214-215. 8

12

rfhpah 7:3y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUg;gJ> vUrNyk; efuKk;> MyaKk; mopf;fg;gl;lij epidT$h;e;J A+jh;fs; nra;j cgthrkhFk;. 13

J.Eaton, The Psalms: A Historical and Spiritual Commentary, p. 454. D.M.Williams, Psalms 73-150: The Preacher’s Commentary, p. 460. 15 J.L.Mays, Psalms: Interpretation, p. 421; L.C.Allen, Psalms 101-150: Word Biblical Commentary Volume 21, p. 239. 14


rq;fPjk; cs;sJ. cz;ikapy;> Ntjhfkj;jpypUf;Fk; \\Gyk;gy;|| vd;Dk; 16 Gj;jfj;ijg;NghyNt ,r;rq;fPjKk; xU Gyk;gyhfNt cs;sJ. ,jdhy;> kdk; Gz;gl;L NtjidAld; ehk; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ> ek;Kila kd czh;Tfis ehk; vt;tpjkhff; ifahsNtz;Lk; vd;gij ,r;rq;fPjk; rpwg;ghd Kiwapy; mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. vjph;g;Gk;> nghwhikAk;> FNuhjKk;> gifikAk; nfhz;l kdpjh;fs; kj;jpapy; ehk; tho;fpd;Nwhk;. ,th;fs; ekf;F vjpuhfr; nra;Ak; fhhpaq;fSk;> NgRk; Ngr;Rf;fSk; ekJ kdij mjpfkhfg; Gz;gLj;JtNjhL> ekf;Fk; mth;fs;kPJ NfhgKk;> frg;Gk;> ntWg;Gk;> gopthq;Fk; vz;zKk; Vw;gLfpd;wJ. ,j;jifa czh;Tfspy; cUthfpAs;s 137k; rq;fPjk;> fpwp];jth;fshfpa ekJ kdk; Gz;gLk;NghJ ehk; vd;d nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;gij mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. 137k; rq;fPjk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; Muhag;gl;Ls;sd.

ekf;F

fw;gpf;Fk;

rj;jpaq;fs;

mLj;j

,uz;lhk; mj;jpahak; ghgpNyhd; MWfspy; gf;jh;fspd; mOFwy; rq;fPjg; Gj;jfj;jpypUf;Fk; 150 ghly;fspYk;> 137k; rq;fPjk; %ynkhopapy; rpwg;ghd ftpj;Jtkpf;f trdq;fisf; nfhz;bUe;jhYk;>17 ,jd; xt;nthU thpfspYk; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd A+jh;fspd; kdNtjidia ehk; fhzyhk;. mth;fs; jq;fSila cs;sj;jpypUe;j NtjidfisAk; jq;fSila ehl;ilAk; mq;fpUe;j Njthyaj;ijAk; mopj;Jj; jq;fisr; rpwg;gLj;jpa ghgpNyhdpah;fs;kPJ jq;fSf;F ,Ue;j ntWg;igAk;> ghgpNyhdpah;fisg; gopthq;fj; Jbf;Fk; jq;fSila fLq;Nfhgj;ijAk; ,r;rq;fPjj;jpy; ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;. xd;gJ trdq;fspy; vOjg;gl;Ls;s 137k; rq;fPjk;> %d;W trdq;fisf; nfhz;l %d;W gFjpfshf cs;sJ. Kjw; gFjpapy;> rpiwg;gl;l A+jh;fspd; \\rpWikahd|| epiy rpj;jhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ (tr.1-3) ,uz;lhk; gFjp> ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fspd; \\rpe;ij|| vg;gb ,Ue;jJ vd;gijg; mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ (tr.4-6). %d;whk; gFjpapy;> rpiwg;gl;bUe;j A+jh;fspd; \\rPw;wj;ij|| ehk; fhzyhk; (tr.7-9). ,t;tj;j pahaj;jpy; 137k; rq;fPjj;j pd; ,k;%d;W gFjpfSk; Muhag;gl;Ls;sd. 1.rpiwg;gl;lth;fspd; rpWik (rq;fPjk; 137:1-3)

16

D.Connelly, Psalms: The Smart Guide to the Bible Series, p.332. C.H.Spurgeon, The Treasury of David: Updated Edition, p. 1401; H.Lockyer, Psalms: A Devotional Commentary, p. 703. 17


gioa Vw;ghl;Lf; fhyj;jpy; ghgpNyhdpah;fs; %d;W jlitfs; A+jh;fspd; jiyefuhd vUrNyikj; jhf;fpdhh;fs;. Kjw;jlit fp.K.605y; ghgpNyhdpah;fs; vUrNyik Kw;Wifapl;lNghJ Myaj;jpd; ghj;jpuq;fs; rpytw;iwAk;> murFyj;ijr; Nrh;e;jth;fspy; rpyiuAk; ghgpNyhDf;Ff; nfhz;LNghdhh;fs; (jhdp.1:1). mjd; gpd;dh;> fp.K.597y;> A+Nja mur FLk;gj;jpdh; cl;gl Mapuf;fzf;fhd kf;fs; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghdhh;fs;. mr;rkak; ghgpNyhdpah;fs; A+Nja muz;kidapd; nghf;fp~q;fis vLj;Jf;nfhz;lNjhL> Myaj;jpd; nghUl;fisnay;yhk; cilj;Jg;Nghl;ldh; (2uh[h.24:10-16).18 filrpahf> fp.K.586y;> Myak; cl;gl vUrNyk; efuj;jpd; fl;blq;fs; midj;ijAk; ghgpNyhdpah;fs; cilj;Jk; vhpj;Jk; mopj;jNjhL> xUrpy twpath;fisj; jtpu Vidath;fisj; jq;fSila ehl;Lf;Ff; nfhz;LNghdhh;fs; (2uh[h.25:1-21).19 ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd A+jh;fs; rpWikg;gl;l jq;fSila epyikia epidj;J mOJ Gyk;GtJld; 137k; rq;fPjk; Muk;gkhfpd;wJ. mth;fs; mope;J Nghd jq;fSila ehl;ilAk; Myaj;ijAk; epidj;J mOJnfhz;bUe;jdh;. ,ijg;gw;wp 1k; trdj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ghgpNyhd; MWfs; mUNf ehq;fs; cl;fhh;e;J> mq;Nf rPNahid epidj;J mONjhk; (rq;fPjk; 137:1). ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd A+jh;fs;> me;ehl;bYs;s \\A+g;gpuj;jP];|| \\ijfpwP];|| vd;Dk; ejpfSld; njhlh;GgLj;jg;gl;bUe;j fhy;tha;fs; ,Ue;j gpuNjrj;jpy; FbapUe;jdh;.20 vNrf;fpNay; 1:1> 3:15y; ,j;jifa A+jf; FbapUg;Gfspy; xd;iwg;gw;wp ehk; thrpf;fyhk;.21 A+g;gpuj;jP]; ijfpwP]; vd;D k; ejpfs;> kw;Wk; mtw;wpd; fpisfs;> gaph;r;nra;iff;fhf ntl;lg;gl;l fhy;tha;fs; midj;ijAk; Nrh;j;Nj ,t;trdj;jpy; \\ghgpNyhd; MWfs;|| vd;W gd;ikapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.22 ,g;gpuNjrk;> gaph;r; nra;ifapy; ey;y mWtiliag; ngwf;$ba tskhd epykhf ,Ue;jJ. ghgpNyhdpah;fs;> jhk; rpiwg;gpbj;j A+jh;fis ,g;gpuNjrj;jpy; Gjpa fhy;tha;fis ntl;Lk; Ntiyapy; 18

2uh[hf;fs; 24:10-16d;gb> murFLk;gj;jpdh;> gj;jhapuk; nghJkf;fs;> Vohapuk; gyrhypfs;> jr;r h; nfhy;y h; Mapuk; Ngh; cl;gl ,d;Dk; gy Aj;jtPuh;fs; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;L g; Nghdhh;fs;. 19

L.J.Wood, A Survey of Israel’s History, pp. 321-329. A.Curtis, Psalms: Epworth Commentaries, p. 250. 21 A.A.Anderson, Psalms Volume 2: New Century Bible, p. 898. 22 G.W.Grogan, Psalms: The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary, p. 215; H.C.Leupold, Exposition of Psalms, 933. J.Goldingay, Psalms 90-150; Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms, p. 603. 20


<LgLj;jpdhh;fs;.23 A+jh;fs; tskhd gpuNjrj;jpy; ,Ue;jhYk;> mth;fs; mjpfsT Jauj;JlNdNa ,Ue;jdh;. fhy;tha; ntl;Lk; Ntiy khj;jpuky;y> mth;fSf;Fj; jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;ilg; gw;wpa epidTfSk; mjpf Ntjidia Vw;gLj;j pd. jq;fSila ehLk;> mq;fpUe;j NjtDila MyaKk; mopf;fg;gl;lij mth;fshy; jhq;fpf;nfhs;s KbahjpUe;jJ. ,jdhy;> \\ghgpNyhd; MWfs; mUNf cl;fhh;e;J> rPNahid epidj;J mth;fs; mOJs;sdh;.|| \\rPNahd;|| vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.24

vUrNyk;

efuNk

,t;trdj;jpy;

ghgpNyhdpy; mbikfishf ,Ue;j A+jh;fs; jq;fSila md;whl Ntiyfs; Kbe;j gpd;dh;> khiyapy; jhq;fs; tho;e;j gpuNjrj;jpy; ,Ue;j fhy;tha;fSf;F mUfpy; mkh;e;J> jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;ilAk; Myaj;ijAk; epidj;J mOJ Gyk;GtJ tof;fk;.25 ,jdhy;> \\ghgpNyhdpa MWfspy; mjpfsT jz;zPh; ngUf;nfLj;J XLtJNghy> mt;thWfspd; mUfpypUe;J mOJ Gyk;gpa A+jh;fSila fz;fspy; vg;nghOJk; fz;zPh; ngUf;nfLj;J Xbf;nfhz;bUe;jJ.|| 26 mf;fhyj;jpy;> vUrNykpypUe;j jPh;f;fjhprpahfpa vNukpahTk;> vUrNyk; efhpd; mopTf;fhf mOJ Gyk;gpaNghJ> \\vd; [dkhfpa Fkhuj;jp mile;j Nfl;bdpkpj;jk; vd; fz;fspypUe;J ePh;f;fhy;fs; gha;fpwJ… vd; fz; ,iltplhky; Xa;tpd;wpr;

nrhhpfpwJ||

vd;W

Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;

(Gy.3:48>50).27

,t;tpjkhfNt

ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fSk; mOJnfhz;bUe;jdh;. A+jh;fSila fyhrhuj;jpy;> \\mkh;e;jpUe;J mOtJ|| khpj;jth;fSf;fhfg; Gyk;gy;ghLk; KiwahFk;. ,JNt fLikahd Jauj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jk; Kiwahf ,Ue;jJ.28 vdNt> ghgpNyhdpa MWfSf;F mUfpy; mkh;e;J mOj A+jh;fs;> jq;fSila ehl;bd; mopTf;fhfg; Gyk;Gfpwth;fshf ,Ue;jdh;.29 cz;ikapy;> \\jhq;fs; kuz tPl;by; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;

23

A.C.Gaebelein, The Psalms: An Exposition, p. 476; E.Lane, Psalms 90-150: Focus on the Bible, p. 191.

24

Muk;g fhyj;jpy; \\vG+rpah;|| vd;Dk; ,dj;jthpd; Nfhl;i lNa rPNahd; vd;Dk; ngaiug; ngw;wpUe;jJ. jhtPJ ,f;Nfhl;iliaf; ifg;gw;wp ,ijj; jd;Dila efukhf;fpdhd; (2rhK.5:6-8> 1ehsh.11:5). mjd;gpd;dh; ,J \\jhtPjpd; efuk;|| vd;W miof;fg;gl;lJ (1uh[h.8:1> 2ehsh.5:2). mf;fhyj;jpy; ,e;efuk; ghy];jPdhtpd; njd;fpof;Fg; gFjpapYs;s kiyapd; njd;gFjpapy; ,Ue;jhYk;> gpd;dh; ,k; kiyapd; Vida gFjpfspYk; efuk; tp];jhpf;fg;gl;lJ (rq;.48:2). rpy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; vUrNykpy; Njthyak; ,Ue;j gpuNjrk; kl;LNk rPNahd; vd;W miof;fg;gl;lhYk; (rq;.20:2> 125:1> Vrh.18:7> 24:23> NahNt.3:17> xg.21)> rq;fPjq;fspy; vUrNyk; efuk; KOtijAk; cs;slf;fpa tpjj;jpNyNa rPNahd; vd;Dk; ngah; cgNahfpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ (rq;.14:7> 48:2> 50:2). (A.C.Myers, ed. The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary, p. 1091). 25 W.G.Scroggie, A Guide to the Psalms Volume 4, p. 28. 26 W.MacDonald, Believer’s Bible Commentary, p. 766. 27

vUrNyk; efhpd; mopTf;fhf vNukpah jPh;f;fjhprp mOJ Gyk;gpaitfNs gioa Vw;ghl;bYs;s Gyk;gy; Gj;jfj;jpy; cs;sd. 28 J.M.Freeman, Manners and Customs of the Bible, p. 254. NahG 2:8> 2:13> Vrhah 47:1> Gyk;gy; 2:10> 3:28> vNrf;fpNay; 26:16 vd;Dk; trdq;fspy; ,j;jifa nray;Kiwia ehk; fhzyhk;. 29 ghgpNyhdpd; MWfs; mUNf mkh;e;jpUe;J mOJGyk;gpa A+jh;fs; jq;fSila khh;f;f topghl;by; <Lgl;Ls;sjhff; fUJfpd;wdh;. Mdhy; ,j;jifa tpsf;fq;fSf;F vt;tpj MjhuKk; ,y;iy (A.A.Anderson, Psalms Volume 2: New Century Bible, p. 898).


vd;Dk; czh;tpNyNa A+jh;fs; ghgpNyhdpy; tho;e;Js;sdh;.||30 ,jdhy;> mth;fs; ghly;fs; ghb kfpo;tijj; jtph;j;J te;jdh;. ,ijg;gw;wp 2k; trdj;jpy; mth;fs; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sdh;: mjpd; eLtpypUf;Fk; myhpr;nrbfspd; Nky; vq;fs; fpd;duq;fisj; J}f;fp itj;Njhk; (rq;.137:2). ghgpNyhdpy; A+g;gpuj;jP]; ijfpwP]; vd;Dk; ejpfSld; ,izf;fg;gl;bUe;j fhy;tha;fSf;F ,ilapy; ,Ue;j rpwpa kuq;fNs jkpopy; \\myhpr; nrbfs;|| vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sd. Gjpa jkpo; Ntjhfkj;jpy; ,ij \\Gd;id kuq;fs;|| vd;W nkhopngah;j;Js;sdh;.

Mq;fpy

Ntjhfkq;fspy;

,J

poplar

tree

vd;W

31

Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. vdpDk;> %ynkhopapy; cgNahfpf;fg;gl;Ls;s nrhy;> myhpr; nrbiag;Nghd;w xU kuj;ijf; Fwpg;gjdhy;> gy Ntjhfkq;fspy; myhpr;nrb vd;Nw ,r;nrhy; nkhopngah;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.32 Willow tre Nghd;wJ. Y}g;nghy; gf;934. ,uz;lhk; trdj;jpy;> \\J}f;fp itj;Njhk;|| vd;gJ %ynkhopapd;gb \\njhq;fitj;Njhk;|| my;yJ \\khl;bitj;Njhk;|| vd;W nkhopngah;f;fg;glNtz;Lk;. 33 ghgpNydpypUe;j A+jh;fs;> ghly;fisg; ghlf;$ba kdepiyapy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,jdhy;> mth;fs; vUrNykpypUe;J nfhz;Lte;jpUe;j jq;fSila ,irf; fUtpfis mq;fpUe;j kuq;fspy; njhq;ftpl;bUe;jdh;. ghgpNyhdpy; ,Uf;Fk; fhyj;jpy; Njtid topgLtjw;fhf> my;yJ Jauj;ij kwe;J kfpo;e;j pUg;gjw;fhf Myag; ghlfh;fs; ,irf; fUtpfisg; ghgpNyhDf;Ff; nfhz;LNghapUf;fyhk;.34 Mdhy;> mth;fs; vt;tpj ghly;fisAk; ghlKbahj #o;epiyNa ghgpNyhdpy; ,Ue;jJ. ,t;trdj;jpy; \\fpd;duk;|| vd;W jkpopy; nkhopngah;f;fg;gl;Ls;s nrhy;> %ynkhopapy; Njtidj; Jjpj;Jg; ghLtjw;F A+jh;fspdhy; cgNahfpf;fg;gLk; ,irf;fUtpahf ,Ug;gjdhy;> ghgpNydpypUe;j A+jh;fs; Njtidj; Jjpj;Jg; ghlKbahj epiyapy; ,Ue;Js;sij ,t;trdk; mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ.35 ,jw;fhd fhuzk; 3k; trdj;jpy; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ: vq;fisr; rpiwg;gpbj;jth;fs; 30

W.W.Wiersbe, Be Exultant: An OT Study – Psalms 90-150, p. 190. F.N.Hepper, Illustrated Encyclopedia of Bible Plants, p. 72. 32 J.K.Wilson, “Hebrew and Akkadian Philological Notes,” pp. 173-183. 31

33

Nkhd`d; vd;gth; nkhopn gah;j;j Ntjhfkj;jpy; ,t;thf;fpak;> \\vq;fs; Rukz;lyq;fisj; njhq;fitj;Njhk;|| vd;Wk;> jpUtptpy paj;jpy;> \\vq;fs; aho;fis khl;bitj;Njhk;|| vd;Wk;> Gjpa jkpo; Ntjhfkj;jpy; \\vq;fs; aho;fisj; njhq;ftpl;Nlhk;|| vd;Wk; nkhopn gah;f;fg;gl;L s;sJ. 34 35

D.Connelly, Psalms: The Smart Guide to the Bible Series, p.333; H.C.Leupold, Exposition of Psalms, p. 934. J.Goldingay, Psalms 90-150; Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms, p. 604.


mq;Nf vq;fs; ghly;fisAk;> vq;fisg; ghohf;fpdth;fs; kq;fs fPjj;ijAk; tpUk;gp> rPNahdpd; ghl;Lfspy; rpyij vq;fSf;Fg; ghLq;fs; vd;W nrhd;dhh;fs; (rq;fPjk; 137:3). mbikfshf te;jpUe;j A+jh;fs; ,irf;fUtpfis itj;jpUe;jjpdhy;> mth;fisg; ghLk;gb ghgpNyhdpah;fs; Nfl;ldh;. ghgpNyhdpah;fspd; Nfhhpf;if> gyte;jkw;w rhjhuz Ntz;LNfhs; vd;Nw rpy NtjMuha;r;rpahsh;fs; fUJfpd;wdh;.36 Mdhy;> mth;fs; A+jh;fsplk; \\rPNahdpd; ghly;fisg;|| ghLk;gb Nfl;likahy;> ,J> A+jh;fisg; ghpfrpf;Fk; tpjj;jpy; Nfl;fg;gl;l Nfhhpf;ifahfNt cs;sJ. Vnddpy;> \\rPNahdpd; ghly;fs;|| vUrNyk; efuj;ijAk;> mq;Fs;s Myaj;jpy; thrkhapUf;Fk; NjtidAk; kfpikg;gLj;jpg; Gfo;e;J ghLk; ghly;fshf ,Ue;jd. 37 ,it vUrNykpd; ghJfhg;igAk;> me;efUf;Fj; Njtd; mUSk; MrPh;thjq; fisAk; tpghpf;Fk; ghly;fshFk;.38 ,jdhy;> Aj;jj;jpy; Njhy;tpaile;j A+jh;fisg; ghpfrpj;J> mth;fSila Njtd; kf;fisg; ghJfhf;f ty;yikaw;wth; vd;gij mth;fSf;Ff; ghgpNyhdpah;fs; rPNahdpd;

fhz;gpf;fNtz;Lk; vd;Dk; Nehf;fj;JlNdNa ghly;fisg; ghLk;gb A+jh;fsplk; Nfl;Ls;sdh;. 39

mf;fhyj;jpy;> Njtid mwpe;jth;fs; NtW ehLfspy; jho;j;jg;gl;l epiyapy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ me;ehl;lth;> \\cd; Njtd; vq;Nf? mth; ty;yikAs;stuhf ,Ue;jhy; cdf;F ,g;gbg;gl;l ,opthd epiy Vd; Vw;glNtz;Lk;?|| vd;W mth;fisg; ghpfrpg;gJ tof;fk;. rq;fPjk; 42:3> 42:10> 79:10> 115:2 Nghd;w trdq;fspy; ,j;jifa ghpfrpg;ig ehk; fhzyhk;. ,ijg;Nghd;w xU ghpfrpg;ghfNt ghly;fisg; ghLk;gbahd ghgpNyhdpah;fspd; Nfhhpf;ifAk; cs;sJ.40 cz;ikapy;> rPNahdpd; ghly;fspy; rpj;jhpf;fg;gl;bUg;gJNghy> cq;fs; Njtd; ,Uf;fpd;whuh vd;W ghUq;fs; vd;W ghpfrpg;gNj ghgpNyhdpah;fspd;

36

H.C.Leupold, Exposition of The Psalms, p. 934; J.M.Boice, Psalms Volume 3: An Expositional Commentary, p. 1188. 37 A.Curtis, Psalms: Epworth Commentaries, pp. 250-251. 38

rq;fPjq;fs; 46> 48> 76> 84> 87> 122 Nghd;wtit ,j;jifa rPNahdpd; ghly;fshf cs;sd. dpDk; ,j;jifa rq;fPjq;fis khj;jpuky;y> Njtid kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fs; midj;ijANk ,t;trdj;jpy ; rPNahdpd; ghly;fshff; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jdhy;jhd; mLj;j trdj;jpy; ,g;ghly;fs; fhj;jhpd; ghly;fs; vd;W miof;fg;gl;Ls;sd (A.Curtis, Psalms: Epworth Commentaries, p. 251). 39 W.Brueggemann, The Message of the Psalms, p. 75. 40 W.A.VanGemeren, The Expositor’s Bible Commentary Volume 5, p. 827; W.W.Wiersbe, Be Exultant: An OT Study – Psalms 90-150, p. 191.


Nehf;fkhf ,Ue;jJ.41 jw;fhyj;jpYk;$l ek;Kila tho;tpy; Jauq;fs; tUk;NghJ> kw;wth;fs; ek; NjtidAk;> ehk; mth;kPJ itj;jpUf;Fk; ek;gpf;ifiaAk; ghpfrpj;J ek; kdNtjidia mjpfhpf;fpd;wdh;. A+jh;fs; ghgpNyhdpy; rpiwg;gl;bUe;jJ kl;Lky;y> ghgpNyhdpah;fspd; ghpfrpg;Gf;F cl;gl;lth;fshfTk; ,Ue;jjpdhy; mth;fs; mjpf NtjidAld; mOJ nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. NjtDila jPh;f;fjhprpfs; gy jlitfs; vr;rhpj;Jk;> mth;fs; NjtDila thh;ji ; jia kPwp ele;jjpdhNyNa nrhe;j ehl;il ,oe;J 42 ghgpNyhDf;F mbikfshfpdhh;fs;. cz;ikapy;> NjtDila thh;j;ijia kPwp elg;gJ ek;Kila tho;tpy; Jauj;ijNa nfhz;LtUk;. vdNt> ek;Kila tho;tpy; Jauq;fs; tUk;Nghnjy;yhk;> ehk; ek;Kila tho;it Muha;e;J ghh;f;f Ntz;baJ mtrpakhAs;sJ. ehk; cz;ikapNyNa NjtDila thh;j;ijf;F Kuzhd tpjj;jpy; tho;tjdhy;jhd; Jauq;fs; te;Js;sd vd;why; cldbahf ehk; ghtj;jpypUe;J kde;jpUk;gp Njtdplk; kd;dpg;Gf;fha; kd;whlNtz;Lk;. mg;nghOJ ek;Kila Jauk; khwp kfpo;r;rp Vw;gLk;. Mdhy;> ehk; NjtDila thh;j;ijapd;gb tho;e;Jk; ek;Kila tho;tpy; Jauk; tUfpwnjd;why;> mJ ek;Kila tpRthrj;ijg; ghPl;rpj;Jg; ghh;g;gjw;fhfj; Njtd; ek;Kila tho;tpy; mDkjpf;Fk; JaukhfNt ,Uf;Fk;.43 ,j;jifa re;jh;g;gq;fspy; Njtid ek;gp thOk;NghJ> Jauj;ijj; jhq;fpf;nfhs;tjw;fhd gyj;ij mth; ekf;Fj; jUthh;. ,jdhy;jhd;> NjtDila thh;j;ijapd;gb ghpRj;jkha; tho;e;Jk; rhPu gytPdj;jpdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;L Ntjidg;gl;l mg;Ngh];jydhfpa gTy;> jd;Dila \\khk;rj;jpypUe;j Ks;|| jd;idtpl;L ePq;Fk;gb n[gpj;Jk;> Njtd; Ks;is mtUila rhPuj;jpypUe;J mfw;whky;> \\vd; fpUig cdf;Fg; NghJk;. gytPdj;jpNy vd;Dila gyk; G+uzkha; tpsq;Fk;|| vd;W njhptpj;jhh; (2nfhhp.12:79).44 Jauq;fs; ek;Kila tho;tpy; tUk;NghJ> NjtDila fpUig ek;ik ngyg;gLj;Jtjdhy;> ehk; mtiuNa KOikahf ek;gp thoNtz;baJ mtrpak;. NjtDila fpUig xt;nthUehSk; Gjpajha; ,Ug;gjdhy; (Gy.3:23)> ek;Kila

41 42

L.C.Allen, Psalms: New International Bible Commentary, p. 647.

vNukpah jPh;f;fjhprpapd; Gj;jfk; mwpaj;jUk; rj;jpak; ,JthFk;. khdpl tho;tpy; Jauq;fs; %d;Wtpjkhf tUfpd;wd. xd;W ehk; nra;Ak; ghtj;jpdhy; ek;Kila tho;tpy; Jauq;fs; tUfpd;wd. vdpDk;> ekf;F Vw;gLk; rfy Jauq;fisAk; ehk; nra;j ghtj;jpdhy; tUtjhff; fUjKbahJ. ,jdhy;jhd; gpwtpf; FUlndhUtidf; fz;L> mtd; FUldhfg; gpwg;gjw;F ahh; nra;j ghtk; fhuzk; vd;W Nfl;l rP~h;fsplk; ,NaRfpwp];J> ,J ,td; nra;j ghtKk; my;y ,tDila ngw;nwhh; nra;j ghtKky;y vd;W ,Narfpwp];J Nahthd; 9:1-2y; njhptpj;Js;shh;. ,uz;lhtjhf ehk; kdpjh;fshf ,Ug;gjdhy; Jauq;fs; tUfpd;wd. khdpl tho;tpy; tUk; nghJthd Jauq;fs; midj;Jk; ,jDs; mlq;Fk;. %d;whtjhf> Njtd; ek;Kila tpRthrj;ijg; ghPl;rpj;jg; gh;g;gjw;fhfTk; Jauq;fis ek;Kila tho;tpy; mDkjpf;fpd;wdhh;. 44 gTypd; \\khk;rj;jpypUe;j Ks;|| rhPug;gpufhukhd xU tpahjp vd;W Ntj Muha;r;rpahsh;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;. 43


md;whl tho;tpy; Vw;gLk; Jauq;fs; midj;jpYk; ek;ikg; ngyg;gLj;j mth; ekf;Fg; NghJkhdtuha; ,Uf;fpd;whh;. rpiwg;gl;lth;fspd; rpe;ij rq;fPjk; 137:4-6 ghgpNyhdpy; rpiwg;gl;bUe;j A+jh;fspd; rpe;ijia

4

Kjy;

6

tiuapyhd

trdq;fspy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUf;Fk; mth;fSila thh;j;ijfs; mwpaj;jUfpd;wd. mth;fs;> Njtidg; Nghw;wp kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fisg; ghgpNyhdpah;fis kfpo;tpg;gjw;fhfg; ghltpUk;gtpy;iy. ,jdhy;> 4k; trdj;jpy; mth;fs; jkf;Fs;NsNa xU Nfs;tpiaf; Nfl;fpd;wdh;: fh;j;jhpd; ghl;il me;epa Njrj;jpy; ghLtnjg;gb? (rq;fPjk; 137:4) ,f;Nfs;tpiar; rpyh; jtwhfg; Ghpe;Jnfhz;L> jhq;fs; tho;fpd;w ehl;iltpl;L NtW ehLfSf;Fr; nrd;why; Njtid kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fisg; ghlf;$lhJ vd;W vz;Zfpd;wdh;. cjhuzj;jpw;F> fp.K.4k; E}w;whz;by; yj;jPd; nkhopapy; Ntjhfkj;ij nkhopngah;j;j n[Nuhk; vd;gth;>45 39 tU~q;fshf Nuhk; efhpy; tho;e;Jte;jhh;. Mdhy;> fh;j;jUila ghl;il me;epa Njrj;jpy; ghLtjpy; vt;tpj mh;j;jKk; ,y;iy vd;Dk; vz;zj;Jld; fp.K.385y; Nuhik tpl;L> vUrNyKf;Fr; nrd;W> fp.K.420y; khpf;Fk; tiu mq;NfNa ,Ue;jhh;. ,ijg;NghyNt gpnuQ;R murdhd 2MtJ N[hd; ,q;fpyhe;jpypUe;jNghJ> fh;j;jUila ghl;il me;epa Njrj;jpy; ghlKbahJ vd;W Nrhfj;jpy; %o;fpapUe;jhh;.46 ,ijg;Nghy gyh; ,Ue;Js;sdh;. Mdhy;> ,J rq;fPjf;fhudpd; $w;iwr; nfhs;shjjpdhy; Vw;gl;l jtwhd nrayhfNt cs;sJ.

rhpahfg;

Ghpe;J

ehk; Vw;fdNt ghh;j;jgb> A+jh;fspd; Njtidg; ghpfrpg;gjw;fhfNt rPNahdpd; ghly;fisg; ghLk;gb ghgpNyhdpah;fs; mth;fsplk; Nfl;ldh;.47 ,jdhy;> mr;re;jh;g;gj;jpy; Njtid kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fisg; ghLtJ> ghgpNyhdpah;fs; Njtid epe;jpg;gjw;F toptFf;Fk; vd;W A+jh;fs; vz;zpdhh;fs;. cz;ikapy;> \\Njtid kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fspdhy; mtiu mwpahjth;fis kfpo;tpf;f mth;fs; tpUk;gtpy;iy.||48 NkYk;> mth;fs; jq;fSila nrhe;j ehLk; MyaKk; mope;JNghdij epidj;J mOJ nfhz;bUe;jikahy;> re;Njh~khd ghly;fisg; 45

Ntjhfk nkhopn gah;g;Gfs; gw;wpa rhpj;jpuj;i j mwpe;Jnfhs;tjw;F vdJ Gdpj Ntjhfkj;jpd; GJik tuyhW vd;Dk; E}iyg; ghh;f;fTk;. 46

H.Lockyer, Psalms: A Devotional Commentary, p. 704.

47

gf;fk;

48

H.C.Leupold, Exposition of Psalms, p. 935.


ghlKbahj kdepiyapy; ,Ue;jdh;.49 Jau fhyq;fspy; ek; kdk; Ntjidahy; epiwe;j pUf;Fk;NghJ ek;khy; ghly;fisg;ghb Njtidj; Jjpf;fKbahky; ,Uf;fyhk;. cz;ikapy;> ,j;jifa Neuq;fspy; ghly;fisg; ghLk;NghJ ek;Kila cjl;bd; cr;rhpg;ig cs;sj;j pd; epiy Kuz;gLj;Jk;. ,jdhy;> ek;Kila ghly; ngha;ahfTk; kha;khykhfTNt ,Uf;Fk;.50 vdNt> ,j;jifa re;jh;g;gq;fspy; NjtidNehf;fp kd;whLk;gb Ntjk; mwpTWj;JfpwJ. ,jdhy;jhd; ahf;NfhG 5:13y;> \\cq;fspy; xUtd; Jd;gg;gl;lhy; n[gk;gz;zf;fltd;. xUtd; kfpo;r;rpahapUe;jhy; rq;fPjk; ghlf;fltd;|| vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. \\Jauq;fs; tUk;NghJ KWKWf;fpwth;fshf my;y> n[gpf;fpwth;fshf ehk; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;.|| 51 Vnddpy;> n[gk; khj;jpuNk Jaufhyj;jpy; ek;ik MWjy;gLj;Jk; kUe;jhAs;sJ. 52 n[gk; ek;Kila Jauj;ij khw;Wk;> my;yJ Jauj;ijj; jhq;fpf;nfhs;tjw;fhd ngyid ekf;Fj; jUk;. vdNt> Jauq;fs; tUk;NghJ> ftiyg;gl;L fyq;Ffpwth;fshf ,uhky;> n[gpg;gij ek;Kila gof;fkhf;fpf;nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.53 A+jh;fspd; KbT> mjhtJ Njtid epe;jpg;gth;fs; kj;jpapy; mtiu kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fisg; ghlf;$lhJ vd;Dk; jPh;khdk;> ekf;F mhpaNjhh; rj;jpaj;ijf; fw;gpf;fpd;wJ. mjhtJ> Njtid kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fis> mth; kfpikg;gLk; ,lq;fspy;> mth; kfpikg;gLk; tpjj;jpNyNa ghlNtz;Lk;. Vnddpy;> \\Njtidg; gw;wpa ghly;fs; mtiu Muhjpg;gjw;fhfNt cs;sd. kdpjh;fs; Fk;khskpl;Lf; $j;jhb kfpo;tjw;fhf mitfs; nfhLf;fg;gltpy;iy||54 vd;gij ehk; xUNghJk; kwf;fyhfhJ. Mq;fpy cyfpy; NjtDila fpUigiaAk; mtUila topfisAk; mwpahj nghg; ,irg; ghlfh;fs;> kf;fis kfpo;tpg;gjw;fhf Amazing Grace kw;Wk; Lord’s Prayer Nghd;w fpwp];jtg; ghly;fisg; ghLtJ NjtDila ehkj;ij ,opTgLj;Jk; nrayhfNt cs;sJ.55 vdNt> ghpRj;jkhd ghly;fisg; nghUj;jkw;w Neuq;fspYk; ,lq;fspYk; ghb> mtw;iw ehk; mRj;jkhf;ff;$lhJ. \\Njtid Muhjpj;J topgLk; ghly;fs; kfpikf;Fg;

49

,d;Wk;$l ghuk;ghpa A+jh;fs; jq;fSila n[ghyaq;fspy; Nrhfkhd ghly;fisNa ghbtUfpd;wdh;. 70 tU~q;fspd; gpd;G rpi wapUg;gpypUe;J jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gpr; nrd;w A+jh;fs;> ghgpNyhdpah;fspdhy; mopf;fg;gl;l Myaj;i j kWgbAkhff; fl;b> jq;fSila topghLfis Muk;gpj;jhYk;> fp.gp.70k; Mz;by; A+jh;fspd; Myak; Nuhkh;fspdhy; jiukl;lkhf;fg;gl;L ,d;Wtiu fl;lg;glhkNyNa cs;sJ. ,jdhy; jw;fhyj;jpy; A+jh;fSila n[ghyag;ghly;fs; re;Njh~Kk; rkhjhdKk; ,y;yhj Jau epiyapy; ghLk; Nrhfg; ghly;fshfNt cs;sd (A. C.Gaebelen, The Psalms: An Exposition, p. 471). 50

A.Weiser, The Psalms: Old Testament Library, p. 795. K.A.Richardson, James: The New American Commentary, p. 229. 52 J.B.Adamson, James: The New International Commentary on the New Testament, p. 196. 53 D.E.Hiebert, The Epistle of James, 293. 54 J.A.Motyer, Psalms: New Bible Commentary, p. 577. 55 W.W.Wiersbe, Be Exulant: An Old Testament Study – Psalms 90-150, p. 191. 51


ghj;jpuuhd Njtd; nrtpkLg;gjw;fhfNt ghlg;glNtz;Lk;.||56 ,jdhy;> NjtDf;F kfpikiaf; nfhz;Ltuhj ,lq;fspYk;> mtUf;F kfpikiaf; nfhz;Ltuhj tpjq;fspYk; Njtidg;gw;wpa ghly;fisg; ghLtij ehk; jtph;j;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.57 ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fs;> rPNahdpd; ghly;fisg; ghlhky; ,Ue;jikahy;> mth;fs; NjtidAk; vUrNyikAk; kwe;JtpLthh;fNsh vd;Dk; Iaj;jpw;fhd gjpyhf 5k; 6k; trdq;fs; cs;sd. ,it vUrNyNkhL NgRtJNghy vOjg;gl;Ls;sd: vUrNyNk> ehd; cd;id kwe;jhy; vd; tyJ if jd; njhopiy kwg;gjhf. ehd; cd;id epidahkYk;> vUrNyik vd; Kf;fpakhd kfpo;r;rpapYk; mjpfkhf vz;zhkw;Nghdhy;> vd; ehT vd; Nky; thNahL xl;bf;nfhs;sf;fltJ (rq;fPjk; 137:5-6). ,t;tpU trdq;fSk;> vUrNyik kwf;fhky; ,Ug;gjw;fhfg; ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fs; nra;Jnfhz;l xU thf;FWjpahf cs;sd.58 jq;fshy; ,irf; fUtpfis kPl;lKbahkYk;> ghly;fisg; ghlKbahkYk; Nghfl;Lk; vd;Nw rpiwg; gl;bUe;j A+jh;fs; ,t;trdq;fspy; $Wtjhfr; rpyh; fUJfpd;wdh;.59 Mdhy; ,it> jq;fshy; Ntiynra;a KbahkYk;> NgrKbahkYk; Nghfl;Lk;> (mjhtJ jq;fs; tyJ ifAk; ehTk; nraw;glhky; Nghfl;Lk;) vd;Dk; mh;j;jKila $w;whFk;.60 cz;ikapy;> jq;fSila tho;tpy; rhgk; tul;Lk; vd;W mwpf;ifapLk; $w;whfNt ,J cs;sJ.61 jq;fSila tho;tpy; vd;d ele;jhYk;> vUrNyk; efuj;ijAk;> Myaj;ijAk;> NjtidAk; kwf;fkhl;Nlhk; vd;Dk; cWjpAld; mth;fs; ,Ue;jdh;. mNjrkak;> jq;fSf;F vUrNyk; efuj;ijAk; NjtidAk; kwf;fitf;f vtuhtJ Kaw;rpnra;jhy; mth;fs;kPJk; fLikahd jz;lid tul;Lk; vd;Dk; vz;zKilath;fshfTk; fhl;Lfpd;wd.62 56

mth;fs;

,Ue;Js;sijAk;

,t;trdq;fs;

Rl;bf;

D.M.Williams, Psalms 73-150: The Preacher’s Commentary, p. 461. A.Weiser, The Psalms: Old Testament Library, p. 795. 58 J.Goldingay, Psalms 90-150; Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms, p. 605; J.Flanigan, Psalms: Ritchie Old Testament Commentaries, p. 588. 59 W.G.Scroggie, A Guide to the Psalms Volume 4, p. 29. 60 L.C.Allen, Psalms: New International Bible Commentary, p. 647. 61 J.Eaton, The Psalms, A Historical and Spiritual Commentary, p. 455. 62 H.C.Leupold, Exposition of Psalms, p. 934. 57


A+jh;fs; ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;NghdhYk;> mth;fs; jq;fSila ehl;ilAk;> Myaj;ijAk; kwe;JtpLfpw kdepiyapy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. vUrNyikg; gw;wpa ghly;fis mth;fs; mr;rkak; ghlKbahjth;fshf ,Ue;jhYk;> mth;fs; ,dpNky; Njtid kfpikg;gLj;Jk; ghly;fisg; ghlNtkhl;Nlhk; vd;Dk; vz;zj;jpy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,jdhy;jhd;> mth;fs; jq;fSila ,irf;fUtpfis cilj;J mtw;iwg; ghgpNyhdpaf; fhy;tha;fspy; tPrptplhky;> mtw;iw mq;fpUe;j kuf;fpisfspy; njhq;ftpl;bUe;jdh;. vjph;fhyj;jpy; NjtidAk; vUrNyikAk; kfpikg;gLj;jpg; ghlf;$ba fhyk; tUk; vd;Dk; ek;gpf;ifapy; mth;fs; ,Ue;jdh;.63 ,ijg;NghyNt Jaufhyq;fspy; ehKk; ek;gpf;ifAs;sth;fshf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. ekf;F Vw;gl;Ls;s Jauk; KbNt ,y;yhky; njhlh;e;jpLk; vd;W vz;zp Nrhfj;jpy; ehk; %o;fptplf;$lhJ. Njtd; ek;Kila Jauj;ij khw;Wthh; vd;Dk; ek;gpf;ifAld; ehk; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. cz;ikapy;> ek;Kila tho;tpy; jPikfs; te;jhYk;> Njtd; mtw;iw ed;ikahf khw;Wfpwtuhf ,Uf;fpd;whh;. ,jdhy;jhd;> \\Njtdplj;jpy; md;G$Ufpwth;fSf;F rfyKk; ed;ikf;F VJthf elf;fpwJ|| vd;W Ntjhfkk; $WfpwJ (Nuh.8:28). cjhuzj;jpw;F> NahNrg;gpd; rNfhjuh;fs; mtDf;Fg; gy jPikfisr; nra;jNghjpYk;> mtd; Njtid ek;gp tho;e;jjpdhy;> mtDila tho;tpy; Vw;gl;l rfy jPikfisAk; Njtd; ed;ikahf khw;wpdhh;. ,ijg;gw;wp gpw;fhyj;jpy; mtd; jd; rNfhjuhplj;jpy; $Wk;NghJ> \\ePq;fs; vdf;Fj; jPiknra;a epidj;jPh;fs;. NjtNdh> ,g;nghOJ ele;JtUfpwgbNa> ntF [dq;fis capNuhNl fhf;Fk;gbf;F> mij ed;ikahf Kbag;gz;zpdhh;|| vd;W njhptpj;jhd; (Mjp.50:20). vdNt> jPikfs;> Jauq;fs;> Nrhh;Tfs;> ,og;Gfs; vd;W vJ te;jhYk;> ehk; Njtid ek;gp thOk;NghJ> mth; rfytw;iwAk; ekJ ed;ikf;F VJthf khw;wpaikg;ghh;. ghgpNyhdpy; rpiwg;gl;bUe;j A+jh;fs; jq;fSila ehl;ilg;gw;wpa epidTlNdNa ,Ue;Js;sij 137k; rq;fPjj;jpd; 5k; 6k; trdq;fs; mwpaj;jUfpd;wd. ,jdhy;> ,r;rq;fPjk; A+jh;fspd; Njrpa czh;Tfis ntspg;gLj;Jk; ghlyhfTk; cs;sJ. 64 me;epa Njrj;jpy; mbikfshf ,Ue;j A+jh;fs;> jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;ilg; gw;wp epidTfSld; ,Ue;jJ khj;jpuky;y> mq;F nry;tjw;F kpFe;j MtYlDk; Vf;fj;JlDk; ,Ue;jdh;. cz;ikapy;> ,th;fs; nka;ff ; pwp];jth;fspd; epiyikf;Fr; rpwe;j cjhuzkhf cs;sdh;. Vnddpy;> mf;fhy A+jh;fs; me;epa ehl;by; ,Ue;jJNghyNt> fpwp];jth;fshfpa ehKk; ,t;Tyfpy; me;epah;fSk;

63 64

J.M.Boice, Psalms Volume 3: An Expositional Commentary, p. 1189 . H.Lockyer, Psalms: A Devotional Commentary, p. 703.


guNjrpfshfTk; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;.65 NgJU fpwp];jth;fis ,t;tpjkhfNt Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;. 1NgJU 1:2> 2:11y; \\me;epah;fs; guNjrpfs;|| vd;gijf; Fwpg;gpLtjw;F %ynkhopapy; cgNahfpf;fg;gl;Ls;s nrhw;fs;> \\jha;ehl;iltpl;L NtnwhU ehl;by; jw;fhypfkhff; FbapUg;gth;fs;|| my;yJ \\miye;J jphpgth;fs;|| vd;Dk; mh;j;jKilait.66 ,jdhy;> ,t;Tyfpy; ehk; me;epah;fshfNt ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. \\ek;Kila FbapUg;G guNyhfj;jpy; ,Ug;gjhfNt|| Ntjhfkk; $WfpwJ (gpyp.3:20). ,t;trdj;jpy; \\FbapUg;G|| vd;gjw;F %ynkhopapy; 67 cgNahfpf;fg;gl;Ls;s nrhy; \\FbAhpik|| vd;Dk; mh;j;jKs;sJ. ,jdhy;jhd; Mq;fpy

Ntjhfkj;jpy;

nkhopngah;j;Js;sdh;.

68

“our

citizenship

ek;Kila

is

in

FbAhpik

vd;W

,t;trdj;ij

guNyhfj;jpy;

,Ug;gjdhy;>

heaven”

,t;Tyfpy; ehk; me;epah;fshfNt ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,jdhy; ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fs; vg;gb jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;ilg;gw;wpa epidTfSld; ,Ue;jdNuh> mt;tpjkhfg; guNyhfthrpfshd ehk; guNyhf rpe;ijAilath;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jdhy;jhd;> \\ePq;fs; fpwp];JTld;$l vOe;jJz;lhdhy;> fpwp];J NjtDila tyJghhprj;jpy; tPw;wpUf;Fk; ,lj;jpYs;s Nkyhditfisj; NjLq;fs;. g+kpapYs;sitfisay;y> NkyhditfisNa ehLq;fs;|| (nfhNyh.3:1-2) vd;W Ntjhfkk; $WfpwJ. jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;ilg;gw;wp epidTfSld;> ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fs; kWgbAk; mq;F nry;tjw;fhf Vq;fpf;nfhz;bUe;jhYk;> mth;fSila rpiwapUg;G Njt jz;lidahfNt ,Ue;eJ. mth;fs; NjtDila thh;j;ijapd;gb thohjjpdhy;> jq;fSila nrhe;j ehl;bd; MrPh;thjKk; kfpikAkhd tho;f;ifia ,oe;J> me;epa ehl;by; mbikfshf mOJnfhz;bUe;jdh;. 69 ,ijg;NghyNt> cyfpd; Kjy; kdpjdhd MjhKk; mtDila kidtp VthSk;> NjtDila fl;lisiakPwpg; ghtk; nra;jjpdhy;> jq;fSila kfpikahd thr];jyj;ij ,oe;J ,t;Tyfpy; ghLfisAk; NtjidfisAk; mDgtpj;jdh; (Mjp.3). ,jdhy; mth;fSila re;jjpahuhd ,t;Tyf khe;jhh; midtUk; (mg;.17:26)>70 Njtkfpikia ,oe;J ghtpfshfTk; (Nuh.3:23)> ghLfs; 65 66

D.M.Williams, Psalms 73-150: The Preacher’s Commentary, p. 463. W.Grudem, 1Peter, Tyndale New Testament Commentary, pp. 48-49.

67

,yF jkpo; nkhopngah;g;gpy; ,r;nrhy;Ny cs;sJ. jpUtptpypaj;jpy; \\jha;ehL|| vd;Dk; nrhy; cgNahfpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 68 Mq;fpyj;jpy;> NIV, NASV, NRSV, NKJV Nghd;w nkhopngah;g;Gfisg; ghh;f;fTk;. 69 70

A.Weiser, The Psalms: Old Testament Library, p. 795.

mg;Ngh];jyh; 17:26y;> \\kD~[hjpahd rfy [dq;fisAk; mth; XNu ,uj;jj;jpdhNy Njhd;wg;gz;zp> G+kpapd;kPnjq;Fk; FbapUf;fr;nra;J> Kd; jPh;k hdpf;fg;gl;l fhyq;fisAk; mth;fs; FbapUg;gpd; vy;iyfisAk; Fwpj;jpUf;fpwhh;|| vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;L s;sJ. ,t;trdj;jpy; xNu ,uj;jj;jpdhNy vd;gJ %ynkhopapy; xNu kdpjdhny vd;Nw cs;s J. mjhtJ> cyf khe;jh; midtUk; Mjhk; vd;Dk; xU kdpjd; %yk; te;jth;fs; vd;gij ,t;trdk; mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ.


epiwe;jth;fshfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wdh; (NahG.14:1).71 MdhYk;> ghtpfshfpa ehk; ,oe;JNghd kfpikahd tho;it ekf;Fj; jUtjw;fhf (Y}f;.19:10)72 nka;j; Njtdhfpa ,NaRfpwp];J (Nuh.9:5)>73 kdpjdhf ,t;Tyfj;jpw;F te;J (Nahth.1:12>14> 1jPNkh.3:16)>74 ek;Kila ghtj;jpw;fhd jz;lidiaj; jhNk Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhh; (Vrh.53:5-6> 10-11)75 mtUila rpYit kuzk; kdpjh;fshfpa ek;Kil ghtj;ijg; Nghf;Fk; gypahf cs;sJ (1Nahth.2:2).76 ,jdhy;> ,NaRfpwp];Jtpd; rpYitg; gypia ehk; tpRthrj;jpdhy; ek;Kilajhf;fpf;nfhs;Sk;NghJ> mth; ek;Kila ghtj;ij kd;dpj;J> ek;ikg; ghpRj;jg;gLj;jp> ek;ikg; guNyhfthrpfshf;Ffpwhh; (vNg.2:4-8).77 fpwp];jth;fshfpa ehk; guNyhfthrpfshapUe;jhYk;> ehk; ,d;Dk; ghtj;jpdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l cyfj;jpy; (Mjp.3:17)>78 ghtrhPuj;JlNdNa tho;fpd;Nwhk; (1Nahth.1:8).79 ,jdhy;> ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; ekf;Fg; ghLfSk; Jauq;fSk;

71

\\];jphPapdplj;jpy; gpwe;j kD~d; tho;ehs; FWfpdtDk; rQ;ryk; epiwe;jtDkhapUf;fpwhd;|| vd;gij NahG 14:1 mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. 72 \\,oe;JNghdijj; NjlTk; ,ul;rpf;fTNk kD~Fkhud; te;jpUf;fpwhh;|| vd;W Y}f;fh 19:10y; ,NaRfpwp];JNt jk;Kila tUifiag;gw;wp njhptpj;Js;shh;. 73

,NaRfpwp];J \\vd;nwd;iwf;Fk; ];Njhj;jphpf;fg;gl;l rh;tj;jpw;Fk; Nkyhd Njtd;|| vd;gij Nuhkh; 9:5 mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. \\,tNu nka;ahd Njtd;|| vd;W 1Nahthd; 5:20 $WfpwJ. 74

MjpapypUe;Nj Njtdhf ,Ue;jtNu (Nahth.1:1-2) fpUigapdhYk; rj;jpaj;jpdhYk; epiwe;jtuha; kdpjdhf te;jhh; (Nahth.1:14). ,jdhy;jhd; Njtd; khk;rj;jpy; ntspg;gl;lhh; vd;W Ntjhfkk; $WfpwJ (1jPNkh.3:16). 75

,NaRfpwp];Jtpd; rpYit kuzj;ijg;gw;wp Vwf;Fiwa 700 tU~q;fSf;F Kd;G mijg;gw;wp jPh;f;fjhprdKiuj;j Vrhah> \\ek;Kila kPWjy;fspdpk pj;jk; mth; fhag;gl;L > ek;Kila mf;fpukq;fspdpk pj;jk; mth; nehWf;fg;gl;lhh;. ekf;Fr; rkhjhdj;ij cz;Lgz;Zk; Mf;fpid mth;Nky; te;jJ. mtUila jOk;Gfshy; FzkhfpNwhk;. ehnky;yhUk; MLfisg;Nghy topjg;gpj; jphpe;J> mtdtd; jd; jd; topapNy NghNdhk;. fh;j;jNuh ek;nky;yhUila mf;fpukj;ijAk; mth;Nky; tpog;gz;zpdhh;… mtUila Mj;Jkh jd;idf; Fw;wepthuzgypahf xg;Gf;nfhLf;Fk;NghJ…mth;fSila mf;fpukq;fisj; jhNk Rke;Jnfhs;thh;|| (Vrh.53:5-6> 10-11) vd;W njhptpj;Js;shh;. ,jdhy;jhd;> ,NaRfpwp];Jitf; fz;lNghJ> \\,Njh> cyfj;jpd; ghtj;ijr; Rke;JjPh;f;fpw Njt Ml;Lf;Fl;b|| (Nahth.1:29) vd;W Nahthd; ];ehdfd; $wpdhd;. 76 \\ek;Kila ghtq;fis eptph;j;jp nra;fpw fpUghjhugyp mtNu. ek;Kila ghtq;fis khj;jpuk; my;y> rh;tNyhfj;jpd; ghtq;fisAk; eptph;j;jp nra;fpw gypahapUf;fpwhh;|| vd;gij 1Nahthd; 2:2 mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. 77 vNgrpah; 2:4-8y; ,ijg;gw;wp gpd;tUkhW Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ: \\NjtNdh ,uf;fj;jpy; IRthpaKs;stuha; ek;kpy; md;G$h;e;j jk;Kila kpFe;j md;gpdhNy> mf;fpukq;fspy; khpj;jth;fshapUe;j ek;ikf; fpwp];JTlNd$l caph;g;gpj;jhh;. fpUigapdhNy ,ul;rpf;fg;gl;Bh;fs;. fpwp];J ,NaRTf;Fs; mth; ek;kplj;jpy; itj;j jatpdhNy> jk;Kila fpUigapd; kfh Nkd;ikahd IRthpaj;ij tUq;fhyq;fspy; tpsq;fr;nra;tjw;fhf> fpwp];J ,NaRTf;Fs; ek;ik mtNuhNl$l vOg;gp> cd;djq;fspNy mtNuhNl$l cl;fhuTk; nra;jhh;. fpUigapdhNy tpRthrj;ijf;n fhz;L ,ul;rpf;fg;gl;Bh;fs;. ,J cq;fshy; cz;lhdjy;y> ,J NjtDila <T.|| 78 Njt fl;lisia kPwpg; ghtk; nra;j Mjhikj; Njtd; jz;bf;Fk;NghJ \\g+k p cd; epkpj;jk; rgpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;|| vd;W njhptpj;jhh; (Mjp.3:17). 79 \\ekf;Fg; ghtkpy;iynad;Nghkhdhy;> ek;ik ehNk tQ;r pf;fpwth;fshapUg;Nghk;> rj;jpak; ekf;Fs; ,uhJ|| vd;W 1Nahthd; 1:8 $WfpwJ.


Vw;gLfpd;wd (Nahth.16:33> gpyp.1:30> 1NgJ.1:7).80 gy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; ghgpNyhdpd; MWfspd; mUfpypUe;J mOJnfhz;bUe;j A+jh;fisg;NghyNt ehKk; Ntjidg;gl;L fyq;fpj; jtpf;fpNwhk;. rpy Neuq;fspy; fz;zPUk; rpe;JfpNwhk;. MdhYk;> ,NaRfpwp];J kWgbAk; ,t;Tyfj;j pw;F tUk;NghJ (mg;.1:11)>81 ,t;Tyfj; Jauq;fs; midj;Jk; ,y;yhkw;Nghtjdhy;> \\,f;fhyj;Jg; ghLfs; ,dp ek;kplj;jpy; ntspg;gLk; kfpikf;F xg;gplj;jf;fitfs; my;y|| vd;W Ntjhfkk; $WfpwJ (Nuh.8:18). kdpjh;fs; ghtpfshf ,Ug;gjdhy; Nghl;bAk;> nghwhikAk;> rz;ilfSk; nfhiyntwpAk; Aj;jq;fSk; cyfpy; Vw;gLfpd;wd. ,jdhy; fpwp];jth;fshfpa ehKk; ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;Nwhk;. ek;Kila kdKk; Gz;gl;Lf; fyq;FfpwJ. MdhYk;> ehk; Njtid ek;gp tho;fpwth;fshf ,Ue;jhy; mth; ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; ekf;fpUf;Fk; Njitfs; midj;ijAk; G+h;j;j pnra;J (kj;.6:2534)>82 mth; kWgbAk; tUk;NghJ mtNuhL$l epj;jpa fhykha; thOk; kfpikahd tho;it ekf;Fj; je;jpLthh; (Nahth.14:3).83 rpiwg;gl;lth;fspd; rPw;wk; (rq;fPjk; 137:7-9). ghgpNyhDf;Fr; rpiwg;gl;Lg;Nghd A+jh;fs;> jq;fSila efuKk; MyaKk; mopf;fg;gl;lijf; Fwpj;J mOJ Gyk;Gfpwth;fshf ,Ue;jhYk; (rq;.137:1-3)> jq;fSila ehl;Lf;Fk; Myaj;jpw;Fk; mopit Vw;gLj;jpa ghgpNyhdpah;fs;kPJ fLikahd Nfhgk; nfhz;lth;fshfTk; ,Ue;jdh;. ghgpNyhdpah;fs; jq;fSf;F Vw;gLj;jpa mopit mth;fshy; ,yFtpy; kwf;fKbatpy;iy. ,jdhy; jq;fSf;F mopit Vw;gLj;jpa ghgpNyhdpah;fs; mope;JNghfNtz;Lk; vd;Dk; vz;zj;Jld; ,r;rq;fPjj;jpd; ,Wjptrdq;fis mth;fs; vOjpAs;sdh;.

80

ekf;F rkhjhdj;ijj; jUk; ,NaRfpwp];JNt \\cyfj;jpy; cq;fSf;F cgj;jputk; cz;L || (Nahth.16:33) vd;gij mwpaj;je;Js;shh;. ,jdhy;> fpwp];Jtpdplj;jpy; tpRthrpf;fpwjw;F khj;jpuky;y> mth; epkpj;jkhfg; ghLgLfpwjw;Fk; cq;fSf;F mUsg;gl;bUf;fpwJ (gpy p.1:30) vd;W $Wk; Ntjhfkk;> \\Jd;gg;glNtz;baJ mtrpakhdjhy;> ,g;nghOJ nfhQ;rf;fhyk; gytpjkhd NrhjidfspdhNy Jf;fg;gLfpwPh;fs;|| (1NgJ.1:6) dgijr; Rl;bf;fhl;L fpwJ. 81

,NaRfpwp];J ,t;Tyfj;ijtpl;Lr; nry;Yk;NghJ> mth; kWgbAk; tUthh; vd;Dk; thf;Fj;jj;jk; NjtJ}jd; %yk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. mg;Ngh];jyh; 1:11y;> \\cq;fsplj;jpdpd;W thdj;Jf;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;l ,e;j ,NaRthdth; vg;gb cq;fs; fz;fSf;F Kd;ghf thdj;Jf;;F vOe;jUspg;NghdhNuh> mg;gbNa kWgbAk; tUthh;|| vd;W NjtJ}jh;fs; mwptpj;jdh;. ,NaRfpwp];Jtpd; kWtUifiag;gw;wp Gjpa Vw;ghL mjpfkhff; $WfpwJ. 82 ehk; NjtDf;F ek;Kila tho;tpy; Kjyplk; nfhLj;J> mtiu ek;gp thOk;NghJ> ek;Kila ,t;Tyfj; Njitfs; midj;Jk; mtuhy; G+hj;jpnra;ag;gLk; vd;gij mwpaj;jUk; ,NaRfpwp];J> KjyhtJ NjtDila uh[;aj;i jAK; mtUila ePjpiaAk; NjLq;fs; mg;nghOJ ,itfnsy;yhk; cq;fSf;Ff;$lf; nfhLf;fg;gLk; vd;W njhptpj;Js;shh; (kj;.6:25-34 ghh;f;fTk;). 83

\\ehd; ,Uf;fpw ,lj;jpNy ePq;fSk; ,Uf;Fk;gb> ehd; kWgbAk; te;J cq;fis vd;dplj;jpy; Nrh;j;Jf;nfhs;SNtd;|| vd;W ,NaRfpwp];J thf;fspj;Js;shh;.


ghgpNyhdpah;fs; vUrNyikj; jhf;f te;jNghJ> mUfpypUe;j \\VNjhkpah;|| A+jUf;F cjtpnra;a tuhky;> ghgpNyhdpah;fspd; gf;fk; Nrh;e;Jnfhz;L> vUrNykpd; moptpy; kfpo;tile;jdh;. ,jdhy; VNjhkpahpd; kPJs;s Nfhgj;ijAk; A+jh;fs; ,r;rq;fPjj;jpy; ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;: fh;j;jhNt vUrNykpd; ehspy; VNjhkpd; Gj;jpuiu epidAk;. mth;fs;: mij ,bj;Jg;NghLq;fs; m];jpghukl;Lk; ,bj;Jg;NghLq;fs; vd;W nrhd;dhh;fNs (rq;fPjk; 137:7). A+NjahTf;Fj; njd;fpof;fpy; ,Ue;j VNjhkpah;fs;> A+jh;fspd; cwtpdh;fshfNt ,Ue;jdh;. A+jh;fspd; Kw;gpjhthd ahf;Nfhgpd; cld;gpwe;j rNfhjud; Vrhtpd; tk;rj;jpdNu VNjhkpah;fs; (Mjp.25:30> 36:1-43). vdpDk;> ,t;tpU ,dj;jtUf;Fk; ,ilapyhd cwT Muk;gj;jpypUe;Nj rPuhdjhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,jdhy;> A+Njahitg; ghgpNyhdpah;fs; jhf;f te;jNghJ> VNjhkpah;fs; A+jh;fSf;F cjtp nra;ahky; ghgpNyhdpah;fspd; gf;fk; Nrh;e;Jnfhz;lNjhL> vUrNyk; efuk; mopf;fg;gl;lgpd;dh; me;efhpy; vQ;rpapUe;j nghUl;fisf; nfhs;isabj;jdh; (xg.10-14> vNr.25:12> 35:5). cz;ikapy;> mth;fs; A+jh;fs;kPJ jq;fSf;F ,Ue;j ePz;lfhy Nfhgj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jtjw;F ,JNt ey;y re;jh;g;gk; vd;W vz;zpr; nraw;gl;Ls;sdh;.84 ,jdhy; mth;fs;> \\mij ,bj;Jg;NghLq;fs;> m];jpghukl;Lk; ,bj;Jg; NghLq;fs;|| vd;W ghgpNyhdpah;fsplk; $wpAs;sdh;. NkYk;> A+jh;fs; ghgpNyhdpag; gilfSf;Fj; jg;gp NtW vq;Fk; Xbg;Ngha;tplhjgb VNjhkpah;fs; mf;fhyj;jpy; nraw;gl;ldh;.85 mNjrkak;> vUrNyik mopg;gjpy; VNjhkpag; gilfSk; ghgpNyhdpaUf;F cjtpnra;jd.86 vUrNykpd; ehspy; VNjhkpd; Gj;jpuiu epidf;Fk;gb A+jh;fs; Njtdplk; kd;whbdhh;fs;. ghgpNyhdpar; rpiwapUg;gpd; gpd;> vUrNyk; efuKk; MyaKk; fl;lg;gLk; fhyj;ijNa \\vUrNykpd; ehs;|| vd;Dk; nrhw;gpuNahfk; Fwpf;fpd;wJ. 87 VNjhkpah;fis \\epidf;Fk;gbahd|| A+jh;fspd; tpz;zg;gk;> mth;fs; jq;fSf;Fr; nra;jtw;Wf;fhf mth;fisg; gopthq;Fk;gbahd Nfhhpf;ifahfNt cs;sJ. %ynkhopapy;> ePjpgjpf;F Kd; xU tof;iff; nfhz;LtUtijf; Fwpf;Fk; 84

G.W.Grogan, Psalms: The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary, p. 215. B.Oded, “Judah and the Exile” in Israelite and Judean History. ed., J.H.Hayes & J.M.Miller. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1977. pp. 469-476. 86 S.Terrien, The Psalms: Strophic Structure and Theological Commentary, p. 867. 87 C.H.Spurgeon, The Treasury of David: Updated Edition, p. 1404. 85


thh;j;ijapypUe;J cUthd nrhy;iyNa A+jh;fs; jq;fSila Nfhhpf;ifiaj; Njtdplk; njhptpg;gjw;F ,t;trdj;j py; cgNahfpj;Js;sdh;.88 mth;fs; jq;fSf;F mePjpapioj;j VNjhkpaUf;F Vw;w jz;lidiaf; nfhLf;Fk;gb ePjpAs;s epahahjpgjpahd Njtdplk; njhptpj;Js;sdh;. VNjhkpah; jq;fSf;F vjpuhfr; nra;j fhhpaq;fSf;F Vw;w gyid mth;fSf;F nfhLf;Fk;gb Njtdplk; kd;whba A+jh;fs;> filrpahfj; jq;fSila ehl;ilAk; Myaj;ijAk; mopj;J> jq;fisr; rpiwg;gLj;jpd ghgpNyhdpah;fs; kPJ jq;fSf;F ,Ue;j frg;igAk; ntWg;igAk; Nfhgj;ijAk; rq;fPjj;jpd; ,Wjp trdq;fs; ,uz;bYk; ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;: ghgpNyhd; Fkhuj;jpNa> ghoha;g;NghfpwtNs> eP vq;fSf;Fr; nra;jgb cdf;Fg; gjpy; nra;fpwtd; ghf;fpathd;. cd; Foe;ijfisg; gpbj;J fy;ypd;Nky; Nkhjpabf;fpwtd; ghf;fpathd; (rq;fPjk; 137:8-9). ,t;tpU

trdq;fSk;

7k;

trdj;jpd;

njhlh;r;rpahf

,Ug;gjdhy;>

7k;

trdj;ijg;NghyNt ,itAk; A+jh;fs; Njtdplk; NgRfpd;w $w;Wf;fshfNt cs;sd. Mdhy;> ,it kpfTk; fLikahd rhg thh;j;ijfisf; nfhz;Ls;sd. 8k; trdj;jpy; \\ghgpNyhd; Fkhuj;jp|| vd;Dk; tptuzk; ghgpNyhdpa kf;fisf; Fwpf;fpd;wJ.89 ghgpNyhdpah;fs; jq;fSf;F vd;ndd;d fhhpaq;fisnay;yhk; nra;jhh;fNsh> mtw;iwnay;yhk; ghgpNyhdpah;fSf;Fr; nra;fpwth;fs; ghf;fpathd;fs; vd;W $Wk; A+jh;fs;> 9k; trdj;jpy; mth;fSila \\Foe;ijfisg; gpbj;Jf; fy;ypd;Nky; Nkhjpabf;fpwtd; ghf;fpathd;|| vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sdh;. mf;fhyj;jpy; ,];uNtiyr; #o ,Ue;j ehl;bdh;> jq;fSila vjphpapd; mLj;j jiyKiw ,Uf;ff;$lhJ vd;Dk; vz;zj;jpy; Aj;jq;fspd;NghJ Foe;ijfisf; nfh^ukhd Kiwapy; nfhd;wdh; (2uh[h.8:12> 15:16> Xrp.10:14> 13:16> eh$.3:10). ghgpNyhdpah;fs; A+jh;fisj; jhf;fpaNghJ> thypgh;fisAk; Ntiynra;af; $bath;fisAk; jq;fSila ,uhl;rpaj;jpy; Ntiynra;tjw;fhfg; ghgpNyhDf;F nfhz;LNghdhh;fs;. Mdhy;> mth;fs; Kjpath;fisAk; 90 Foe;ijfisAk; nfhiy nra;jdh;. ,jdhy;> ghgpNyhdpah;fs; A+jf;Foe;ijfis 88

D.Kidner, Psalms 73-150: Tyndale OT Commentaries, p. 459; B.S.Childs, Memory and Tradition in Israel, p. 32. H.C.Leupold, Exposition of the Psalms, p. 936. 90 A.P.Ross, Psalms: The Bible Knowledge Commentary OT, p. 890. 89


vt;tpjkhff; nfhiy nra;jhh;fNsh> mt;tpjkhfNt mth;fSila Foe;ijfSk; rhfNtz;Lk; vd;W A+jh;fs; ,r;rq;fPjj;jpd; filrp trdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sdh;. cz;ikapy;> \\ghgpNyhdpa uhl;rpak; KOikahf mope;JNghfNtz;Lk; vd;gNj ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fspd; cs;sf; FKwyhf cs;sJ.||91 A+jh;fs;> VNjhkpah;kPJk; ghgpNyhdpah;fs;kPJk; fLikahd rhg thh;j;ijfis cgNahfpj;Js;sJ mNefUf;F Fog;gj;ij Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. rpy Mjprigg; gpjhf;fs; ,r;rpf;fiyj; jPh;g;gjw;F 9k; trdj;ij cUtf tptuzkhf tpsf;fpAs;sdh;. ,jd;gb> \\Foe;ijfs;|| jPa vz;zq;fspd; Muk;g epiy MFk;. ,t;ntz;zq;fis ehk; tsutplhky; mtw;iwf; fpwp];J vd;Dk; fy;ypd;Nky; Nkhjpabj;J mtw;iw mopj;J tplNtz;Lk;.92 jw;fhyj;jpYk; rpyh; ,t;tpjkhf ,t;trdj;ijj; jq;fSila tho;f;iff;Fg; gpuNahfpf;fpd;wdh;.93 Mdhy;> ,j;jifa tptuzkhf ,t;trdk; vOjg;gltpy;iy. rpy NtjMuha;r;rpahsh;fs;> 137k; rq;fPjj;jpd; filrp %d;W trdq;fisAk; jPh;f;fjhprd thf;fpakhff; fUJfpd;wdh;. A+jh;fisj; jhf;fpa ghgpNyhdpah;fSk;> mth;fSf;F cjtpa VNjhkpah;fSk; mopf;fg;gLthh;fs; vd;W Njtd; jPh;f;fjhprpfs; %yk; mwptpj;jpUe;jhh; (Vrh.14> 47> vNu.50:51). Vrhah 63:1-6> vNukpah 49:7-22> vNrf;fpNay; 25:12-14> 35:1-2> vd;Dk; trdq;fspYk; xgjpahtpd; Gj;jfj;jpYk; VNjhkpw;F vjpuhd jPh;f;fjhprdq;fs; cs;sd. Vrhah 47k; mjpfhuk; ghgpNyhDf;F vjpuhf ciuf;fg;gl;l jPh;f;fjhprdkhFk; (Vrh.47:1). 137k; rq;fPjj;jpy;> ,j;jPh;f;fjhprdq;fis epiwNtw;Wk;gb ghgpNyhdpypUe;j A+jh;fs; Njtdplk; njhptpj;Js;sdh; vd;W rpyh; $Wfpd;wdh;.94 ghgpNyhdpah;fspdJk;> VNjhkpah;fspdJk; mopT jPh;f;fjhprpfspdhy; Kd;dwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sNghjpYk;> 137k; rq;fPjk; ,ijg;gw;wpa xU jPh;f;fjhprdk; my;y. ,J ghgpNyhdpy; rpiwg;gl;bUe;j kf;fspd; cs;sf; FKwyhfNt cs;sJ. \\mth;fs; jq;fSila frg;ghd mDgtq;fisAk;> mjdhy; Vw;gl;l Nfhg czh;TfisANk ,r;rq;fPjj;jpy; ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;.||95 ghgpNyhd; mopaNtz;Lk;> ghgpNyhdpaf; Foe;ijfs; nfhy;yg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;Dk; thh;j;ijfs;> jq;fSila ehl;ilAk;> Myaj;ijAk;> Foe;ijfisAk;> 91

G.W.Grogan, Psalms: The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary, p. 215. CF. J.Eaton, The Psalms: Historical & Spiritual Commentary, p. 526. 93 W.MacDonald, Believer’s Bible Commentary: OT, p. 767; C.S.Lews, Reflections of the Psalms, pp. 113-114. 94 L.C.Allen, Psalms 73-150: New International Bible Commentary, p. 647; H.C. Leupold, Exposition of the Psalms, p. 936. W.W.Wiersbe, Be Exultant, An Old Testament Study – Psalms 90-150, p. 193; J.L.Mays, Psalms: Interpretation, p. 423; W.MacDonald, Believer’s Bible Commentary: OT, p. 767; J.Phillips, Exploring the Psalms Vol 2, p. 580; J.Goldingay, Psalms 90-150: Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms, pp. 609-610. 95 A.Curtis, Psalms: Epworth Commentaries, p. 251. 92


Kjpath;fisAk; ,oe;J> ghgpNyhdpy; mOJ Gyk;gpf;nfhz;bUe;j A+jh;fspd; Gz;gl;l cs;sq;fspypUe;J Gwg;gLk; czh;Tfspd; ntspg;ghlhfNt cs;sd. rpiwg;gl;bUe;j A+jh;fs;> ghgpNyhdpah;fis mopg;gjw;Fk;> mth;fSila Foe;ijfisf; nfhy;Ytjw;Fk; jpl;lkpl;L nraw;gLfpwth;fshf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mth;fs; jq;fSila cs;sj;jpd; Ntjidia> Nfhgf;FKwiyj; Njtdplk; ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;. cz;ikapy;> fpwp];jth;fshfpa ehKk; kdpjh;fshf ,Ug;gjdhy;> kw;wth;fs; ekf;F vjpuhfr; nra;Ak; fhhpaq;fs; ekf;F mth;fs;kPJ Nfhgj;ijAk;> ntWg;igAk; Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. Mdhy;> ehk; kw;wth;fisg;Nghy> ek;Kila Nfhgj;ijAk; ntWg;igAk; kdpjh;fs;kPJk; nghUl;fspd;kPJk; fhz;gpf;fhky;> mtw;iwj; NjtDila ghjj;jpy; nfhl;btplNtz;Lk; vd;Dk; rj;jpaj;ij ,r;rq;fPjk; ekf;Ff; fw;gpf;fpd;wJ. 137k; rq;fPjj;ijg;NghyNt> rq;fPjg; Gj;jfj;jpy; Vwf;Fiwa 25 ghly;fspy; kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;fpd;w fLikahd thh;j;ijfs; cs;sd. ,it fpwp];jth;fshfpa ekf;Fg; Nghjpf;Fk; rj;jpak; mLj;j mj;jpahaj;jpy; tphpthf Muhag;gl;Ls;sJ. %d;whk; mj;jpahak; Nfhg czh;Tfisf; nfhl;L d;f pw cs;sk; rq;fPjg;

Gj;jfj;jpy;

137k;

rq;fPjk;

cl;gl

Vwf;Fiwa

25

ghly;fspy;

kdpjh;fSila Nfhg czh;Tfs; ntspg;gl;Ls;s trdq;fs; ,Ug;gij ehk; fhzyhk;.96 ,tw;wpy; vl;L rq;fPjq;fspy;> rfy trdq;fspYk; Nfhgf; FOwy;fs; KOikahf ntspg;gl;Ls;sd (rq;.7> 35> 58> 59> 69> 83> 109> 137).97 kpfTk; fLikahd

thh;j;ijfisf;

nfhz;Ls;s

,g;ghly;fs;

\\kw;wtiu

rgpf;Fk;

rq;fPjq;fs;|| (Imprecatory Psalms) vd;W miof;fg;gLfpd;wd. \\Nfhg rq;fPjq;fs;|| (Psalms

of

anger)

vd;Dk;

ngaNu

,tw;Wf;Fg;

nghUj;jkhdJ

vd;W

rpy

NtjMuha;r;rpahsh;fs; Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;sNghjpYk;> \\rgpf;Fk; rq;fPjq;fs;|| vd;Dk; ngaNu fpwp];jt cyfpy; gpugykhfpAs;sJ.98 cz;ikapy;> ,it> epahaj;jPh;g;ig my;yJ mopitf;nfhz;LtUk;gb Njtdplk; KiwapLk; kd;whLjy;fshf 99 cs;sd. ,j;jifa rq;fPjq;fspy;> vjphpfisf; fLikahfr; rgpf;Fk; thh;j;ijfs; cs;sd.

96

Alex Luc, “Interpreting the Curses in the Psalms” in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society. 42 (1999), pp. 395-410. (395-396). 97 D.J.Estes, Handbook on the Wisdom Books and Psalms, p. 172. 98 C.H.Bullock, Encountering the Book of Psalms, p. 228. 99

W.C.Kaiser, P.H.Davids, F.F.Bruce & M.T.Brauch, Hard Sayings of the Bible, p. 280.


rq;fPjf;fhuh;fs;> jq;fSila vjphpfs; mope;JNghfNtz;Lk; vd;Dk; vz;zj;Jld;> \\mtd; epidahj mopT mtDf;F tuTk;> mtd; kiwtha; itj;j tiy mtidNa gpbf;fTq;fltJ. mtNd me;jf; Fopapy; tpOe;J mopthdhf|| (rq;.35:8) vd;Wk;> \\mtd; ehl;fs; nfhQ;rkhff;fltJ. mtd; cj;jpNahfj;ij NtnwhUtd; ngwf;fltd;|| (rq;.109:8) vd;Wk;> \\NjtNd mth;fs; thapYs;s gw;fisj; jfh;j;Jg; NghLk;|| (rq;.58:6) vd;Wk;> \\kuzk; mth;fisj; njhlh;e;J gpbg;gjhf. mth;fs; capNuhNl ghjhsj;jpy; ,wq;Fthh;fshf|| (rq;.55:15) vd;Wk;> \\Mz;ltNu mth;fis mopj;J> mth;fs; ghi~iag; gphpe;JNghfg;gz;Zk;|| (rq;.55:9) vd;Wk;> \\mth;fis ck;Kila cf;fpuj;jpNy eph;%ykhf;Fk;. ,dp ,uhjgbf;F eph;%ykhf;Fk;|| (rq;.59:13) vd;Wk;> \\ck;Kila cf;fpuj;ij mth;fs; Nky; Cw;Wk;. ck;Kila Nfhghf;fpdp mth;fisj; njhlh;e;J gpbg;gjhf|| (rq;.69:24) vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sdh;. 109k; rq;fPjj;jpy;> jd;Dila vjphpAk; mtDila FLk;gKk; ghjpf;fg;glNtz;Lk; vd;W rq;fPjf;fhud; gpd;tUkhW Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shd;: mtDf;F Nkyhfj; J~;liditAk;. rhj;jhd; mtd; tyJ gf;fj;jpy; epw;ghdhf. mtd; epahak; tprhhpf;fg;gLk;NghJ Fw;wthspahff;fltd;. mtd; n[gk; ghtkhff;fltJ. mtd; ehl;fs; nfhQ;rkhff;fltJ. mtd; cj;jpNahfj;ij NtnwhUtd; ngwf;fltd;. mtd; gps;isfs; jpf;fw;wth;fSk;> mtd; kidtp tpjitAkhff;flth;fs;. mtd; gps;isfs; miye;J jphpe;J gpr;irnaLj;J> jq;fs; ghohd tPLfspypUe;J ,ue;Jz;zf;flth;fs;. fld; nfhLj;jtd; mtDf;F cs;snjy;yhtw;iwAk; mgfhpj;Jf; nfhs;thdhf. mtd; gpuahrj;jpd; gyid me;epah; gwpj;Jf;nfhs;sf;flth;fs;. mtDf;F xUtUk; ,uf;fq; fhz;gpahkYk;> mtDila jpf;fw;w gps;isfSf;Fj; jaT nra;ahkYk; Nghthh;fshf. mtdJ re;jjpahh; eph;%ykhff;flth;fs;. ,uz;lhe; jiyKiwapy; mth;fs; Ngh; mw;Wg;Nghtjhf. mtd; gpjhf;fspd; mf; fpukk; fh;j;jUf;F Kd;ghf epidf;fg;glf;fltJ. mtd; jhapd; ghtk; ePq;fhkypUg;gjhf. mitfs; epj;jKk; fh;j;jUf;F Kd;ghf ,Uf;ff; fltJ. mth;fs; Ngh; G+kpapypuhky; eph;%ykhtjhf (rq;fPjk; 109:9-15). kw;wth;fisf; fLikahfr; rgpf;Fk; trdq;fs; cs;s rq;fPjq;fisg;gw;wp gy;NtWtpjkhd tpsf;fq;fs; fpwp];jth;fshy; nfhLf;fg;gLs;sd. rq;fPjq;fis vOjpath;fs; gioa Vw;ghl;Lf;fhyj;ijr; Nrh;e;jth;fshf ,Ue;jikahy;> \\fz;Zf;Ff; fz;> gy;Yf;Fg; gy;> iff;Ff; if> #l;Lf;Fr; #L|| vd;Dk; mf;fhy


Kiwapd;gb (ahj;.21:24> cgh.19:21) n[gpj;Js;sjhfr; rpyh; vz;Zfpd;wdh;. 100 ,jdhy; ,j;jifa n[gk;> Gjpa Vw;ghl;Lf; fpwp];jtj;jpw;Fg; nghUj;jkw;wJ vd;Wk;>101 ,t;thW n[gpf;Fk;Kiw gioa Vw;ghl;Lf;fhy epahag;gpukhzj;NjhL rk;ge;jg;gl;lJ vd;Wk; ,th;fs; $Wfpd;wdh;.102 vjphpfis Nerpg;gJk;> Jd;gg;gLj;Jfpwth;fSf;fhf n[gpg;gJk; fpwp];jtj;jpd; mbg;gil mk;rq;fshf ,Ug;gjdhy; (kj;.5:44)>103 kw;wtiur; rgpf;Fk; rq;fPjf;fhudpd; n[gk; vt;tpjj;jpYk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sKbahjjhf ,Ug;gjhfg; gyh; vz;Zfpd;wdh;. Mdhy; ,J rhpahd xU tpsf;fk; my;y. nghJthf fpwp];jth;fs; epidg;gJNghy> gioa Vw;ghL md;gw;w fLikahd Gj;jfk; my;y. Gjpa Vw;ghl;ilg;NghyNt gioa Vw;ghl;bYk; kw;wtiu Nerpf;Fk;gbAk;> kw;wth;fs; jPik nra;jhYk; mjw;Fg; gjpyhfj; jPik nra;ahky; ed;ik nra;Ak;gbAk;> gopthq;Fjiyj; jtph;fF ; k;gbAk; mwpTWj;jy;fs; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd (ahj;.23:4-5> Nytp.19:18> ePjp.20:22).104 ,jpypUe;J> gioa Vw;ghl;Lf;fhy kf;fSk;> Gjpa Vw;ghl;L md;gpd; xOf;f Kiwapd;gb 105 thoNtz;bath;fshfNt ,Ue;Js;sdh; vd;gJ njspthfpd;wJ. gioa Vw;ghl;bYs;s \\fz;Zf;Ff; fz;> gy;Yf;Fg; gy;|| vd;Dk; eilKiw mf;fhy ePjpkd;wq;fspy; cgNahfpf;fg;gLk; rl;lkhfNt ,Ue;jJ.106 ,J kf;fspd; md;whl tho;f;if Kiwf;fhd fl;lisahf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. cz;ikapy;> \\Ntjhfkj;jpd; ,U Vw;ghLfspYk; kdpjDila xNutpjkhditahfNt cs;sd.||107

jdpg;gl;l

tho;fi ; ff;fhd

fl;lisfs;

100

G.A.F.Knight, Psalms Volume 2: The Daily Study Bible, p. 315; A.A.Anderson, Psalms Volume 2: New Century Bible, p. 900. 101 W.MacDonald, Believer’s Bible Commentary, p. 767; J.Eaton, The Psalms: A Historical and Spiritual Commentary, p. 456. 102 A.F.Kirkpatrick, Psalms: The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, p. Ixxxix. 103

kj;NjA 5:44y;> \\cq;fs; rj;JUf;fis rpNefpAq;fs;. cq;fis rgpf;fpwth;fis MrPh;tjpAq;fs;. cq;fisg; giff;fpwth;fSf;F ed;ik nra;Aq;fs;. cq;fis epe;jpf;fpwth;fSf;fhfTk; cq;fisj; Jd;gg;gLj;Jfpwth;fSf;fhfTk; n[gk; gz;Zq;fs;|| vd;W ,NaRfpwp];J njhptpj;Js;shh;. 104 ahj;jpuhfkk; 23:4-5y;> \\cd; rj;JUtpd; khlhtJ mtDila fOijahtJ jg;gpg;Nghff; fz;lhy;> mijj; jpUk;g mtdplj;jpy ; nfhz;LNgha; tpLthahf. cd;idg; giff;fpwtDila fOij RikNahNl tpOe;Jfplf;ff; fz;lhahdhy;> mjw;F cjtp nra;ah jpUf;fyhkh? mtrpakha; mtNdhNl$l mjw;F cjtp nra;thahf|| vd;Wk;> Nytpauhfkk; 19:18y;> \\gopf;Fg; gop thq;fhkYk;> cd; [dg;Gj;jpuh; Nky; nghwhik nfhs;shkYk;> cd;dpy; eP md;G $UtJ Nghy; gpwdpYk; md;G $Uthahf|| vd;Wk;> ePjpnkhopfs; 20:22y;> \\jPikf;Fr; rhpfl;LNtd; vd;W nrhy;y hNj|| vd;Wk; mwpTWj;jy;fs; nfhLf;fg;gl;L s;sd. 105

C.H.Bullock, An Introduction to the Old Testament Poetic Books, p. 140. C.Wright, Deuteronomy: New International Biblical Commentary, pp. 224-226; E.H.Merrill, Deuteronomy: The New American Commentary, p. 279; D.L.Christensen, Deuteronomy 1:1-21:9: Word Biblical Commentary Volume 6A, p. 417; D.A.Carson, Matthew: The Expositor’s Bible Commentary Volume 8, p. 155. 107 J.L.McKenzie, “The Imprecations of the Psalter” p. 83. kj;NjA 5:38-42y; ,Narfpwp];J gioa 106

Vw;ghl;Lf;fhy ePjpkd;w rl;lj;ij uj;Jr; nra;atpy;iy. mf;fhy A+jh;fs;> ePjpkd;w rl;lj;ijj; jq;fSila jdpg;gl;l tho;tf;fhd eilKiwahf khw;wpapUe;jdh;. kdpjh;fs; jdpg;gl;lhPjpahf xUtiunahUth; gopthq;ff;$lhJ vd;gjw;fhfNt Fw;wr; nray;fSf;fhd jz;lidfs;


kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;Fk; thh;j;ijfisf; nfhz;l rq;fj P q;fisg; gioa Vw;ghl;Lf;fhy tho;f;if Kiwapd;gbahdJ vd;W $WtJ jtwhFk;. Vnddpy;> Gjpa Vw;ghl;Lf; fhyj;j pYk;> fpwp];jth;fs; ,ijg;Nghd;w fLikahd rhg thh;j;ijfis cgNahfpj;Js;sdh; (fyh.1:8-9).108 ,NaRfpwp];JNt jkf;F vjpuhdth;fisAk;> jk;ik tpRthrpahjth;fisAk; fLikahd thh;j;ijfspy; rgpj;Js;shh; (kj;.11:21-23).109 mj;NjhL> ,NaRfpwp];JTk; mtUila mg;Ngh];jyh;fSk; gioa Vw;ghl;bYs;s rgpf;Fk; thh;j;ijfisf; nfhz;l rq;fPjq;fisAk; jkJ tho;Tr; #o;epiyfspy; cgNahfpj;Js;sdh;.110 vdNt> kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;Fk; rq;fPjq;fs; gioa Vw;ghl;Lf;fhyj;jpw;F kl;LkhdJ vd;W $wKbahJ. kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;Fk; thh;j;ijfs; cs;s rq;fPjq;fis> vjphpfs;kPJ nja;tj;jpd; jz;lidia tUtpg;gjw;fhf mf;fhy kf;fs; nra;j ke;jpur; nraypd; thh;j;ijfshf ,Ug;gjhfr; rpy NtjMuha;r;rpahsh;fs; fUJfpd;wdh;.111 Mdhy; mf;fhy Gw[hjp kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,Ue;jtpjkhf vjphpiag; gopthq;Fk; mk;rq;fs; ,r;rq;fPjq;fspy; ,y;yhjpUg;gjdhy; ,f;fUj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;s KbahJs;sJ.112 ,ijg;NghyNt> ,r;rq;fPjq;fs; ghtpahd kdpjh;fSila jPikahd thh;j;ijfs; vd;Dk; rpyuJ tpsf;fKk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sf;$bajhf ,y;iy. \\rq;fPjf;fhuh;fSk; ePjpkd;wj;jpd; %yk; nfhLf;fg;gLtjw;fhd topKiwfs; epahag;gpukhzj;jpy; ,Ue;jd. jz;lidapd; fLik fhuzkhf kdpjh; kw;wtUf;Fj; jPq;F nra;tijj; jtph;g;gjw;fhfNt ,j;jifa rl;lq;fs; ePjpkd;wj; jpd; %yk; epi wNtw;wg;gl;ld. Mdhy;> A+jh;fs; ePjpk d;wr; rl;lj; ijj; jq;fSila iffspy; vLj;Jf;nfhz;likahy;> ,t;thW nra;a Ntz;lhk; vd;Wk;> gioa Vw;ghl;by; nrhy;yg;gl;lgbNa (Nytp.19:18> ePjp.20:22) vjphpiaAk; Nerpf;Fk;gbAk;> jPik nra;fpwth; fSf;F ed;ik nra;Ak;gbAk; ,NaRfpwp];J mwpTWj;jpAs;shh; (L.Morris, Matthew: The Pillar NT Commentary, pp. 126-127). 108

fyhj;jpah; 1:8-9y;> \\ehq;fs; cq;fSf;Fg; gpurq;fpj;j RtpNr~j;ij ay;yhky;> ehq;fshtJ> thdj;jpypUe;J tUfpw xU J}jdhtJ> NtnwhU RtpNr~j;ij cq;fSf;Fg; gpurq;fpj;jhy;> mtd; rgpf;fg;gl;ltdhapUf;ff;fltd;. Kd; nrhd;dJNghy kWgbAk; nrhy;YfpNwd;. ePq;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhz;l RtpNr~j;ijay;yhky; NtnwhU RtpNr~j;ij xUtd; cq;fSf;Fg; gpurq;fpj;jhy; mtd; rgpf;fg;gl;ltdhapUf;ff;fltd;|| vd;W gTy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;. 109 kj;NjA 11:21-23y;> \\NfhuhrpNd cdf;F INah> ngj;r hapjhNt cdf;F INah.. thdghpae;j k; cah;j;jg;gl;l fg;gh;e$Nk eP ghjhs ghpae;jk; jho;j;jg;gLtha;|| vd;W ,NaRfpwp];J $wpAs;shh;. ,NaRfpwp];Jtpd; thh;j;i jfs; mtiu tpRthrpahj efuq;fSf;F Nehplg;Nghtijg;gw;wpa mwptpg;ghf ,Ue;jhYk;> ,J fLikahd rhg thh;j;i jfshf ,Ug;gij 20k; trdk; mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. ,t;trdj;jpy;> ,NaRfpwp];J kde;jpUk;ghj gl;lzq;fisf; \\fbe;Jnfhs;tjhff;|| Fwpg;gplg;gl;L s;sJ. NkYk;> kj;NjA 23k; mjpfhuj;jpy; gy jlitfs;> \\khaf;fhuuhfpa NtjghufNu! ghpNraNu! cq;fSf;F INah... FUluhd topfhl;bfNs cq;fSf;F INah...|| vd;Wk; (kj;.23:13-15>19>23>25-227>29)> \\kjpNflNu FUlNu vd;Wk; (kj;.23:17>19)> \\rh;g;gq;fNs tphpad; ghk;Gf;Fl;bfNs|| vd;Wk; (kj;.23:33) fbe;J nfhz;Ls;sNjhL \\,Njh cq;fs; tPL cq;fSf;Fg; ghohf;fptplg;gLk;|| (kj;.23:38) vd;W rgpj;Js;shh;. 110

John Shephered, “The Place of the Imprecatory Psalms in the Canon of Scripture” in Churchman. 111 (1997), pp. 27-47, 110-126. (119-120, 123). Larry Silva, “The Cursing Psalms as a Source of Blessing” in Psalms and Practive: Worship, Virtue and Authority ed., S.B.Reid. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2001, pp. 220-230 (223). cjhuzj;jpw;F

Nahthd; 15:25y; rq;fPjq;fs; 35:19ck;> 69:4ck;> Nahthd; 2:17y; rq;fPjk; 69:9ck;> mg;Ngh];jyh; 1:20y; rq;fPjq;fs; 69:25ck;> 109:8ck;> Nuhkh; 15:3y; rq;fPjk; 69:9ck;> Nuhkh; 11:9-10y; rq;fPjk; 69:2223ck; cgNahfpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. 111 112

S.Mowinckel, The Psalms in Israel’s Worship Volume 2, p. 49. C.H.Bullock, An Introduction to the Old Testament Poetic Books, p. 139.


ghtpahd kdpjh;fs; vd;gjdhy; mth;fs; ,t;tpjkhfj; jPa thh;j;ijfis cgNahfpj;Js;sdh;||113 vd;W ,th;fs; $wpdhYk;> ,r;rq;fPjq;fs; gopthq;fj; Jbf;Fk; fl;Lg;gLj;jKbahj Nfhgf; FKwy;fshf my;y> Njtid ek;gpa gf;jh;fspd; cs;sj;jpypUe;J ntspte;j thh;j;ijfshfNt cs;sd. 114 cz;ikapy;> Njtgf;jpkpf;f [dq;fs; jq;fSila Ntjidkpf;f mDgtq;fisj; Njtdplk; njhptpf;Fk; n[gq;fshfNt ,r;rq;fPjq;fs; cs;sd.115 ,jdhy;> \\ftpij eilapy; vOjg;gl;Ls;s ,r;rq;fPjq;fspy; kdpj kdjpd; czh;Tfs; kpifg;gLj;jg;gl;l epiyapy; rpj;jhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd||116 vd;Dk; rpyuJ tpsf;fKk; jtwhdjhfNt cs;sJ. cz;ikapy;> kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;Fk; rq;fPjq;fs;> Jauj;Jf;Fk;> mePjpf;Fk;> mf;f pukj;jpw;Fk;> muh[fj;Jf;Fk; kj;jpapy; rpf;fpj; jtpj;j gf;jh;fspd; kdczh;TfspypUe;J ntspte;j ep[khd thh;j;ijfshfNt cs;sd.117 Nfhg czh;Tfis ntspg;gLj;Jk; rq;fPjq;fs; Mtpf;Fhpa Kjph;r;rpaw;w jd;ikiaf; fhz;gpf;fpd;wd vd;Dk; rpyuJ fUj;Jk; jtwhFk;. Vnddpy;> mjpf gf;jpiaAk; Mtpf;Fhpa Kjph;r;rpiaAk; ntspg;gLj;Jk; rq;fPjq;fspYk; kw;wth;fis rgpf;Fk; thh;;j;ijfs; cs;sd (rq;.139:19-24). ,NjNghy> \\,NaRfpwp];Jtpd; kWtUiff;fhf n[gpg;gJ mtUila tUifNahL cyfpd;kPJ tutpUf;Fk; mopitAk; (2njr.1:7-8) nfhz;LtUk;gb Nfl;gijAk; cs;slf;fpAs;sJ. ,ij ehk; ntspg;gilahf ekJ n[gj;jpy; Fwpg;gplh tpl;lhYk;> rq;fPjf;fhuidg;NghyNt ehKk;> fpwp];jth;fshfpa ekf;Fk; NjtDf;Fk; vjpuhfr; nraw;gLk; kf;fs;kPJ mopitf; nfhz;LtUk;gb Nfl;fpwth;fshfNt ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;.||118 NkYk;> ghtj;jpd;kPJk; jPikapd;kPJk; 119 Nfhgg;gLtJ fpwp];jtDf;F ,Uf;fNtz;ba xU FzhjprakhFk;. cz;ikapy;> ,j;jifa vz;zj;Jld;> NjtDf;Fk; mtUila ghpRj;jthd;fSf;Fk; vjpuhfr; nraw;gLk; kdpjiuAk; uhl;rpaq;fisAk; NjtNd epahae;jPh;f;fl;Lk; vd;W mthplk; vjphpfisg;gw;wp nra;Ak; Kiwg;ghlhfNt kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;Fk; rq;fPjq;fs; cs;sd.120

113

P.C.Craigie, Psalms 1-50: Word Biblical Commentary Volume 19, p. 41. Konrad Schaefer, Psalms: Berit Olam, Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2001, p. xxxix. 115 H.C.Leupold, Exposition of Psalms, pp.18-19. 116 Gordon McConville, “The Psalms: Introduction and Theology” in Evangel. 11 (1993), pp. 43-54 (53). 117 G.Erald Pauls, “The Imprecations of the Psalmists: A Study of Psalm 54” in Direction. 22 (1993), pp. 75-86. (83) 118 J.A.Motyer, Psalms: New Bible Commentary, p. 488. 119 C.S.Lewis, Reflections on the Psalms, p. 30. 120 J.Carl Laney, “A Fresh Look at Imprecatory Psalms” in Bibliotheca Sacra. 138 (1981), pp. 35-45 (35). 114


rq;fPjg; Gj;jfj;jpy; Nfhg czh;Tfs; ntspg;gLk; rq;fPjq;fs; midj;Jk; n[gj;jpy; Njtdplk; Ngrg;gl;l thh;j;ijfshfNt cs;sd. 137k; rq;fPjj;jpy;> 7k; trdk; \\fh;j;jhNt|| vd;Nw Muk;gkhfpd;wJ. ,jdhy;> ,jidj; njhlh;e;J tUk; trdq;fs; NjtNdhL Ngrg;gLk; thh;j;ijfs; vd;gij kWg;gjw;fpy;iy. 109k; rq;fPjk; cgthr n[gkhf ,Ug;gij 24k; trdk; mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. rq;fPjf;fhuh;fs; jq;fSila vjphpfisg; gopthq;Fk; Nehf;fj;Jld; mjw;fhd jpl;lq;fis tFj;jth;fshf my;y> Gz;gl;l jq;fs; kd czh;Tfisj; Njtdplk; njhptpf;Fk; kdepiyapNyNa ,j;jifa ghly;fis vOjpAs;sdh;.121 ,jdhy;> kw;w th;fisr; rgpf;Fk; rq;fPjq;fs; jdpg;gl;l hPjpahfg; gopthq;Fk; eltbf;ifahf my;y> kdf;FKwiyj; Njtdplk; njhptpf;Fk; Kiwg;ghLfshfNt cs;sd. 122 \\gopthq;FtJk; gjpyspg;gJk;|| NjtDila gpuj;jpNafkhd nray; vd;gijAk; (cgh.32:35)>123 jhq;fs; ahiuAk; gopthq;ff;$lhJ vd;gijAk; (Nytp.19:18)124 ed;fwpe;jpUe;j gf;jh;fs;> jq;fSf;F Nehpl;l mePjpfisj; Njtdplk; njhptpf;Fk; n[gq;fshf ,r;rq;fPjq;fis vOjpAs;sdh;.125 NkYk;> NjtDila ,Wjp epahaj;jPh;g;igg;gw;wpa KOikahd ntspg;gLj;jy; gioa Vw;ghl;Lf; fhyj;jpy; nfhLf;fg;glhjjpdhy;> jq;fisj; Jd;GWj;Jk; kf;fis epahae;jPh;f;Fk;gb gf;jh;fs; Njtdplk; kd;whbAs;sdh;.126 rq;fPjf;fhuh;fspd; vjphpfs; NjtDila vjphpfshfTk; ,Ue;jjpdhy;> mth;fSila rhgf; Nfhhpf;iffs; midj;Jk;> epahag;gpukhdj;jpy; nrhy;yg;gl;l rhgq;fisg; gpujpgypg;gitfshf cs;sd. 127 137k; rq;fPjj;ijg; nghWj;jtiu> \\gopthq;Fjy; vdf;FhpaJ|| vd;W Njtd; nrhd;dij (vNu.11:20> rq;.94:1) mwpe;jpUe;j A+jh;fs;> jq;fSila ehl;ilAk;> Myaj;ijAk;> Kjpath;fisAk; Foe;ijfisAk; mopj;j ghgpNyhdpah;fisg; gopthq;Fk; Kaw;rpapy; <Lglhky;> Njtd; jk;Kila Qhdk; ePjp vd;gtw;wpd;gb mth;fSf;Fg; gjpy; nra;thh; vd;Dk; ek;gpf;ifAld; Njtdplk; jq;fSila Nfhg czh;Tfis ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdh;.128

121

J.A.Motyer, Psalms: New Bible Commentary, p. 488; C.C.Broyles, Psalms: New International Bible Commentary, p. 480. 122 C.H.Bullock, An Introduction to the OT Poetic Books, p. 140. 123

cghfkk; 32:35y; \\gopthq;FtJk; gjpyspg;gJk; vdf;F chpaJ|| vd;gijj; Njtd; njhptpj;Js;shh;. 124 \\gopf;Fg;gop thq;fhkYk;> cd; [dg;Gj;jpuh;Nky; nghwhik nfhs;shkYk;> cd;dpy; eP md;G $WtJNghy; gpwdpYk; md;G$Wthahf ehd; fh;j;jh;|| vd;W Nytpauhfkk; 19:18y; Njtd; njhptpj;Js;shh;. 125

A.P.Ross, Psalms: The Bible Knowledge Commentary – Old Testamnet, p. 788. E.Zenger, A God of Vengeance: Understanding the Psalms of Divine Wrath, p. 79. 127 Alan M. Harman, “The Continuity of the Covenant Curses in the Imprecations of the Psalter” in Reformed Theological Review. 54 (1995), pp. 65-72. (67-68). 128 H.C.Leupold, Exposition of the Psalms, p. 936. 126


kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;Fk; trdq;fisf; nfhz;l rq;fPjq;fs; midj;Jk;> gf;jh;fs; jq;fSila Jau epiygw;wp Njtdplk; mOJGyk;Gk; kd;whLjy;fspNyNa cs;sd.129 vdNt> kw;wth;fs; ekf;Fr; nra;Ak; jPikfspdhy; ehk; ghjpf;fg;gLk; NghJ> mth;fisg; gopthq;Fk; tpjj;jpy; nraw;glhky;> rq;fPjf;fhuh;fisg;Nghy> ek;Kila cs;sj;jpd; Nfhg czh;Tfs; midj;ijAk; n[gj;jpy; NjtDila ghjj;jpy; ehk; nfhl;btplNtz;Lk;.130 kdpjh;fs; nghJthfj; jq;fSila Nfhg czh;Tfis cs;sj;jpw;Fs;NsNa itj;jpUf;fpd;wdh;. ,jdhy;> mth;fSf;F Fwpg;gpl;l egh;kPJ my;yJ FOtpd;kPJ my;yJ ,dj;jpd;kPJ> my;yJ [hjpapd;kPJ ,Uf;Fk; frg;Gk; ntWg;Gk; ehSf;F ehs; mjpfhpj;Jf;nfhz;Nl nry;fpwJ. gyh; Fwpg;gpl;l xU egh; my;yJ FOtpd;kPJ ,Uf;Fk; Nfhgj;ij NtW egh;fsplk; fhz;gpf;fpd;wdh;. ngUk;ghyhd re;jh;g;gq;fspy; jdpg;gl;l xU egh; kPJ ekf;fpUf;Fk; Nfhgk;> me;eghpd; KOf;FLk;gk; my;yJ KO,dj;jpd;kPJNk ekf;F ntWg;ig Vw;gLj;jptpLfpd;wJ. Mdhy;> rq;fPjf;fhuh;fs; kw;wth;kPJ jq;fSf;F ,Ue;j Nfhgj;ijAk;> ntWg;igAk;> frg;igAk; n[gj;jpy; NjtDila ghjj;jpy; nfhl;bdhh;fs;. cs;sj;j py; ,Uf;Fk; Nfhg czh;Tfis ntspNa nfhl;Ltjw;F n[gk; mth;fSf;F xU rpwe;j topKiwahf ,Ue;jJ. fpwp];jth;fshfpa ekf;F vjpuhfr; nraw;gLfpwth;fisj; NjtNd epahae; jPhg ; ;gtuhf ,Ug;gjdhy; (mg;.17:31)>131 mth; mth;fSila nray;fSf;F Vw;w gyidf; nfhLf;fl;Lk; vd;Dk; vz;zj;Jld; ekJ kdvOr;rpfis> Nfhg czh;Tfis kdpjh;fsplk; fhz;gpf;fhky;> mtw;iwj; NjtDila ghjj;jpy; nfhl;btpl Ntz;Lk;. mg;nghOJ> mth;fs; ekf;Fj; jPik nra;jhYk;> mth;fSf;F ed;ik nra;af;$ba kdepiy ekf;F Vw;gLk;. mth;fs; ek;ik mopf;f Kw;gl;lhYk; ehk; mth;fis MrPtjpf;fNt ehLNthk;. rq;fPjg; Gj;jfj;j pYs;s kw;wth;fisr; rgpf;Fk; rq;fPjq;fs;> ekJ Nfhgj;ij kdpjh;fsplk; fhz;gpf;fhky; NjtDila ghjj;jpy; nfhl;btpLk; gf;Ftkhd jd;ikia ekf;Ff; fw;gpf;fpd;wd. vdNt> \\kw;wth;kPJ ekf;fpUf;Fk; Nfhgj;ijAk; ntWg;igAk; frg;igAk; ehk; mth;fs;kPJ fhl;lhky;> Njtdplj;jpy; mtw;Wf;fhd ghpfhuj;ij ehlNtz;Lk;.||132 ,t;Tyf tho;tpy; kdpjh;fs; nghwhikAk;> vhpr;rYk;> FNuhjKk;> gifikAk; cs;sth;fshf ,Ug;gjdhy;> gy re;jh;g;gq;fspy; ekf;F mth;fs;kPJ NfhgKk; 129 130

D.J.Estes, HandBook on the Wisdom Books and Psalms, p. 172. J.R.W.Stott, The Canticles and Selected Psalms, pp. 11-12.

131

\\NkYk; xU ehisf; Fwpj;jpUf;fpwhh;. mjpNy mth; jhk; epakpj;j kD~idf;nfhz;L > G+Nyhfj;ij ePjpaha; epahae;jPh;g;ghh;. me;j kD~id khpj;NjhhpypUe;J vOg;gpdjpdhNy mjpd; epr;raj;ij vy;yhUf;Fk; tpsq;fg;gz;zpdhh;|| vd;gij mg;Ngh];jyh; 17:31 mwpaj;jUfpd;wJ. 132

C.H.Bullock, An Introduction to the Old Testament Poetic Books, p. 141.


ntWg;Gk; Vw;gLfpd;wJ. rq;fPjf;fhuh;fisg;NghyNt ehKk; mth;fisg;gw;wp fLikahfg; NgRfpd;Nwhk;. mth;fs;kPJ ekf;fpUf;Fk; Nfhgk; mth;fs; ehrkhfg; Nghfl;Lk;> my;yJ mope;JNghfl;Lk; vd;Dk; fLk; thh;j;ijfspYk; ntspg;gLfpd;wJ. Ntjhfkk; ,ijj; jtwhff; fUjtpy;iy. ,jdhy;jhd; kw;wth;fisf; fLikahfr; rgpf;Fk; thh;j;ijfisf;nfhz;l ghly;fs; rq;fPjg; Gj;jfj;jpy; cs;sd. MdhYk;> ek;Kila Nfhgj;ij kdpjh;fsplk; fhl;LtJ jtwhfNt cs;sJ. ,jdhy;jhd;> \\ePq;fs; Nfhgq;nfhz;lhYk; ghtk; nra;ahjpUq;fs;|| vd;W Ntjhfkk; mwpTWj;JfpwJ. (vNg.4:26). %ynkhopapy; ,t;trdk; nrhy;yh;j;jkhf \\ePq;fs; Nfhgg;gLq;fs;> Mdhy; ghtk; nra;ahjpUq;fs;|| vd;Nw cs;sJ.133 cq;fSila Nfhgj;jpy; ghtk; nra;ahjpUq;fs; vd;W ,f;fl;lisia ehk; nkhopngah;f;fyhk;. cz;ikapy;> Nfhgg;gLtJ ghtky;y. Njtidg;NghyNt ehKk; ghtj;jpd;kPJk;> jPikapd;kPJk;> mePjpapd;kPJk; Nfhgg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; ek;Kila Nfhgf; FKwy;fis kdpjh;fsplk; fhl;LtNj ghtkhfNt cs;sJ. vdNt> rq;fPjf;fhuh;fsg;Nghy ek;Kila cs;sj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Nfhgj;ijj; Njtdplk; khj;j puNk ehk; ntspg;gLj;jNtz;Lk;. mg;nghOJ ek;Kila Nfhgk; jzptJ khj;jpuky;y> Nfhgj;Jld; ,Uf;Fk; ek; czh;Tfs; jtwhd topfspy; nry;tjw;F ,lk;nfhlhjth;fshfTk; ehk; ,Ug;Nghk;. Nfhgg;gLtJ ghtk; my;y vd;whYk;> Nfhgk; ePz;lNeuk; ek;Kila cs;sj;jpy; ,Ue;jhy; mJ ek;ikg; ghtkhd topfspy; ,l;Lr;nry;Yk;.134 ,jdhy;> \\#hpad; m];jkpg;gjw;F Kd; cq;fs; vhpr;ry; jzpaf;fltJ|| vd;Wk; Ntjhfkk; $WfpwJ. vdNt> ek;Kila cs;sj;jpy; vOk; Nfhg czh;Tfis cldbahf ehk; NjtDila gpurd;dj;jpy; nfhl;btplNtz;Lk;. ,JNt> ek;Kila Nfhgk; ghtkhd nray;fspy; ntspg;gLtijj; jLg;gjw;fhd xNunahU topahf cs;sJ.135 nfhe;jspf;Fk; ek;Kila Nfhg cs;sj;jpd; nfh^ukhd czh;Tfis ehk; nfhl;lNtz;ba xNunahU ,lk; NjtDila rKfk; vd;gij ehk; xUNghJk; kwe;Jtplf;$lhJ. kw;wth;kPJ vj;jifa fLikahd NfhgKk;> ntWg;Gk; frg;Gk; Vw;gl;lhYk;> rq;fPjf;fhuiug;Nghy mtw;iwnay;yhk; n[gj;jpy; Njtdplk; nfhl;btplNtz;Lk;. mg;nghOJ ekf;F vjpuhfr; nraw;gLfpwth;fs;kPJ ekf;F Vw;gl;l Nfhgk; ePq;fp> ,NaRfpwp];Jtpd; mwpTWj;jypd;gb mth;fis Nerpf;fTk;> mth;fSf;F cjtpnra;aTk; $ba kdepiy cUthFk;. ,jdhy;jhd; Ntjhfkk; gpd;tUkhW ekf;F MNyhrid $WfpwJ:

133

P.T.O’Brien, Ephesians: The Pillar New Testament Commentary, p. 339. R.C.Sproul, The Purpose of God: An Exposition of Ephesians, p. 115. 135 C.S.Lewis, Reflections on the Psalms, pp. 28-29. 134


ePq;fs; xd;Wf;Fk; ftiyg;glhky;> vy;yhtw;iwAq; Fwpj;J cq;fs; tpz;zg;gq;fis ];Njhj;jpuj;NjhNl $ba n[gj;jpdhYk;> Ntz;LjypdhYk; NjtDf;Fj; njhpag;gLj;Jq;fs;. mg;nghOJ vy;yhg; Gj;jpf;Fk; Nkyhd Njt rkhjhdk; cq;fs; ,Ujaq;fisAk; cq;fs; rpe;ijfisAk; fpwp];J ,NaRTf;Fs;shff; fhj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; (gpypg;gpah; 4:6-7).


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