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Excursions Of Scale: Urban proposals for a Country the size of a City Tutors:Nick Searle & Suzannah Waldron


Kosovo is a Country the size of a City. It’s land area of 10,900km2 and population of 2.1 million are comparable to Melbourne’s land area of 8,800km2 and population of 3.8 million. Many European countries have low growth rates. Kosovo by contrast has a young population and growth rate of around 1.7% (Australia 1.2%). If current trends continue by 2050 Kosovo will have a population of 5.2 million, similar to Victoria with 1/20 of the land area. Population growth presents a challenge for Kosovo as demand on resources such as food, services and infrastructure increases. There is a trend toward growth in the cities leading to depopulation in rural areas. A lack of housing forces people into informal settlements and the increasing dominance of the car creates urban sprawl at metropolitan edges and along narrow arterial corridors between regional centres. Urban sprawl threatens to engulf the whole country with illegal settlements. Kosovo needs urban proposals for its future. “Too much is improvised. We need a ‘Napoleon’ on the political scene, someone who will let a planner like Haussmann attack the problem...” Visar Geci - Kosovar Architect - from Pristina is Everywhere’ - Kai Vockler 2008 The studio focuses on Architecture and Urbanism at several scales concurrently, developing concepts that repeat or operate at different scales in various ways. From designing Kosovo as a single urban concept to Architectural explorations in the city of Ferizaj and urban interventions.

This Design studio work was produced by: Nurulafida Indriasari Abdul Hamid, Sufina Abu Bakar, Luca Lana, Jasmine Hoey, Haidar Khorie, Michael Mackinnon, Jamilia Binti Mohd Marsin, Jilian Tan, Louis Wong & Giana Aleah Zulkafli.

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Urban Issues

A TRANSIENT POPULATION IN KOSOVO / ISSUES

Europe according to kosovo Europe according to kosovo

$ NO MONEY FOR RENT TRANSIENT POPULATION

RETURNING TO KOSOVO

A TRANSIENT POPULATION IN KOSOVO / ISSUES

UN-FINISHED KOSOVO

IMPERMANENCE OF A TRANSIENT POPULATION

$ TOO MUCH MONEY

TRANSIENT POPULATION

RETURNING TO KOSOVO

IMPERMANENCE OF A TRANSIENT POPULATION

Initial research investigated the socio-politicalgeographical by graphical means of expression. Analysing Kosovo’s urban issues via info-graphics and diagram, where emphasis is placed on communicating the maximum with the minimum. Diagramming the existing and designing the future urban relationships within Kosovo.

These observations and research provide the background and focus for each student’s spatial plan. Issues are transformed into propositions, foregrounding particular aspects of Kosovo, a framework to imagine possible urban plans, diagrams and scenarios.

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Cluster City

for use of

religious activities

school programs for use of

consultation & advice exhibition

school study + studio residential recreation

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communal activity rooms

waste garden interaction and learning environment integration with community center waste trees extend from the collection point for disposal of small items provide shelter for activities activated by retail, cafe, recreational use

education center

EXISTING SITUATION Energy sector is unable to provide power 24hr. Reliance on generators. Monopoly of power- Energy Coorporation of Kosovo (KEK) capacity of 1.513MW, but only in position to produce 0.64MW due to poor management.

Energy sector is unable to provide power 24hr. Reliance on generators. Monopoly of power- Energy Coorporation of Kosovo (KEK) capacity of 1.513MW, but only in position to produce 0.64MW due to poor management. KOSOVO B KOSOVO A

POWER DISTRIBUTION

EXISTING SITUATION

POWER DISTRIBUTION

Energy sector is unable to provide power 24hr. Reliance on generators.

- No public space, excessive capitalism - Extension at periphery - No planning, disorder - Inaccessibility to amenties - Overstraining on infrastruture KOSOVO B - Ugly KOSOVO A

Monopoly of power- Energy Coorporation of Kosovo (KEK) capacity of 1.513MW, but only in position to produce 0.64MW due to poor management.

public space, excessive capitalism tension at periphery planning, disorder accessibility to amenties erstraining on infrastruture ly

KOSOVO EXISTING

KOSOVO @ 5 MILLION

regulation capacity

planned public space

illegal construction

registered construction

Geographical Boundary

Collection/ Recycling Center

Country State Boundary

Water Body

Energy Industry Urban Hub

Primary Roads

management office to assist

communal involvement

transition to biofuel vertical staff circulation

B1 waste train station waste train station

KOSOVO @ 5 MILLION

Inter District Public Transport

Country Side Territory

planned public space

Proposed New Biofuel

illegal construction

registered construction

Neighbourhood District

Intra District Public Transport

Fuel Cropland/ Livestock

Eco Bike Trail

the collection point private cars and collection vans drive through refuse kiosks serviced by friendly sta for disposal of medium size items in exchange for biodiesel from plants

mechanized equipment & plant

Secondary Roads

Country State Territory

- No public space, excessive capitalism KOSOVO EXISTING - Extension at periphery - No planning, disorder regulation capacity - Inaccessibility to amenties - Overstraining on infrastruture - Ugly

PROJECTED SPRAWL

POWER DISTRIBUTION

G

waste education

ministry of environmental and spatial planning, kosovo landfilling past present and future | http://www.lifetimelab.ie/media/MOB%20presentation%2019-02-2009.pdf

EXISTING SITUATION

ministry of environmental and spatial planning, kosovo landfilling past present and future | http://www.lifetimelab.ie/media/MOB%20presentation%2019-02-2009.pdf

KOSOVO B KOSOVO A

ministry of environmental and spatial planning, kosovo landfilling past present and future | http://www.lifetimelab.ie/media/MOB%20presentation%2019-02-2009.pdf

waste = lifestyle

heavy item loading bay

waste collected from waste trees are compacted transfer by train to biofuel / landďŹ ll gas plants loading area for trucks from construction sites for disposal of bulky / heavy items

waste transfer room compactor room

PROJECTED SPRAWL

140 illegal landfill sites vs 19 active landfill sites

140 illegal landfill sites vs 19 active landfill sites

94% individual housing

dividual housing 1450 villages

1450 villages 6% collective housing

waste infrastructure

6% collective housing

illegal landfill

active landfill

KOSOVO EXISTING

KOSOVO @ 5 MILLION illegal landfill

regulation capacity

planned public space

illegal construction

active landfill

registered construction

PROJECTED SPRAWL

140 illegal landfill sites vs 19 active landfill sites waste garden retail shops

94% individual housing

retail shops 1450 villages

education center

community office

retail shops

the collection point

management & reception

waste train platform

compactor room

truck ramp

section D

6% collective housing

vertical staff circulation

Cluster Cities | Kosovo Waste Campaign There are only 19 official landfills in stark contrast to the 140 illegal sites across Kosovo. A waste campaign aims to exploit this eyesore of an urban issue to opportunistically create new Land-Fill-Gas (LFG) and Biofuel plants that feeds on waste. Where new energy-production and waste-

illegal landfill

active landfill

rehabilitation networks are established, decentralized urban clusters crystallize amidst arable fuel-cropland. In Ferizaj, multiple waste parks are proposed to manage neighbourhood waste circulation, creating conducive learning environment for a new lifestyle of harnessing waste. Louis Wong

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Edible Culture

Edible Culture A study of Kosovo, from the country as an entirety to a singular building in Ferizaj. To build a civic building of importance, it was imperative to understand the history and culture of Kosovo. Edible culture seeks to ease racial tension and internal conflicts by encouraging community

interaction through the use of the building. It aims to promote urban agriculture and raise awareness to Kosovo’s declining ecological resources in the establishment of a greenhouse. Jasmine Hoey

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Neverfinish Kosovo

ADD ON

Neverfinish Kosovo In a culture of uncontrolled regulations and unchecked planning the logic is not to disallow but to promote. Structures in grey areas and desired development zones are constructed without program for future use. Infrastructure emanates from these points connecting and converging on

areas of similar growth. The Kosovo condition allows for unlimited alteration - the project embodies an energy that exists in Kosovo’s urban environment, turning away from negative development issues and proposing a development of positivity originating from the people and existing conditions of Kosovo. Luca Lana

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Plan for a Country of Minimal Revenues

Polycentric Transit Routes

Decentralised Population

Plan for a Country of Minimal Revenues

Self-sufficeint City-State Segments

Precinct for New-Media Industries

Precinct for New-Media Industries

Plan For A Country Of Minimal Revenue War left Kosovo the poorest country in Europe. Assets are underdeveloped. Poor infrastructure caused regional depopulation, illegal construction in main cities, hindered development and produced a stagnant economy. The proposal promotes territorial cooperation between

economically strong and weak areas via decentralisation. 8 new city-states of differentiated economic roles and activities promote complementary relationships between cities and avoids competition of similarities. Specialised Civic buildings act as catalysts in each city. Nurulafida Indriasari Abdul Hamid

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Crossroads / Impermanence of a Transient Population

MACRO PLAN MOBILITY / DENSITY

pec kosovo - Google Maps

To see all th

pec kosovo - Google Maps

Address

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pec kosovo - Google Maps

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m/

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0KM

25KM

50KM

100KM

pec kosovo - Google Maps

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pec kosovo - Google Maps

Address

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pec kosovo - Google Maps

Address

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pec kosovo - Google Maps

Crossroad Connecting Kosovo to the world via an extension of historical trade routes. Crossover activities between tourism and trading come to the centre of Kosovo. Crossroads are carried into Cultural Corridor Museum and Trading centre promoting cultural & economic identity. Haidar Khorie Address

©2009 Google -

Impermanence of a Transient Population Throughout the history of Kosovo there have been dramatic fluctuations in human movements resulting in a transient population. Infrastructure and new zoning for cities will develop with transportation hubs and evolve on a built and micro scale. Michael Mackinnon

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LANDSCAPE

CITY / TOWN ZONES

ROADS

TRAIN

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Excursions Of Scale: Urban Proposals for a Country the Size of a City.