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CONFERENCE PRESENTATION North American Passive House Conference 2018 Boston, MA

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LOW ENERGY BUILDING DESIGNProcess and case studies MORPHOLOGY Process and case studies

Richard Pedranti, AIA

Richard Pedranti Architect September 21, 2018

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TIMELINE OF BUILDING MORPHOLOGY

1300 1200

1700

1500 1400

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1600

1900 1800

2018


TIMELINE OF BUILDING MORPHOLOGY

1300 1200

1700

1500 1400

COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC

1600

1900 1800

2018


TIMELINE OF BUILDING MORPHOLOGY

1300 1200

1700

1500 1400

COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC

1600

1900 1800

2018


TIMELINE OF BUILDING MORPHOLOGY

1300 1200

1700

1500 1400

COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC

1600

1900 1800

2018


TIMELINE OF BUILDING MORPHOLOGY

1300 1200

1700

1500 1400

COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC

1600

1900 1800

2018


CLIMATE AND FORM CLIMATE and FORM

Climate and Form diagram from chapter 1

Heating, Cooling, and Lighting as Form Givers in Architecture Norbert Lechner 2015 Heating, Colling, Lighting : sustainable design methods for architects COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


DESIGN METHODOLOGY

SITE AND FORM

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DESIGN METHODOLOGY

SITE AND FORM

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DESIGN METHODOLOGY

SITE AND FORM

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DESIGN METHODOLOGY

SITE AND FORM

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Case Study 1 Scranton Passive House OUR FIRST PASSIVE HOUSE

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

N

Site: Urban neighborhood COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

Mechanical core

N

Environmental separator Daylighting core

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

SOUTH

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE SVR 0.32 GLASS 14% SOUTH GLASS 47%

MORPHOLOGY ROOF R=91

5KW PV WALL R=61

SLAB R=76

ENVELOPE R VALUE = 36.2 GENERAL INFO SCRANTON, PA 2,153 SQFT CLIMATE ZONE 5/6 HERS 28 PV TO ZERO 5KW

MECHANICAL BALANCED VENTILATION HEAT / COOL HOT WATER WINDOWS

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RENEWAIRE ERV MITSUBISHI ASHP GE HWHP INTUS EFORTE

PASSIVE HOUSE METRICS ANNUAL HEAT DEMAND HEAT LOAD PRIMARY ENERGY AIR TIGHTNESS TREATED FLOOR AREA

4.52 KBTU/(FT2YR) 2.75 KBTU/(FT2YR) 31.5 KBTU/(FT2YR) 0.47ACH@50PA 1,750 SQFT.


SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE This simple, traditional, PHIUS design offers a clear path to a solid sustainable home. GREEN BUILDER MAGAZINE

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

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SCRANTON PASSIVE HOUSE

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY

Optimized solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY Efficient geometry

Optimized solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY Efficient geometry Compact volume (Form) 

Air tight  volume

Optimized solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY High R value enclosure (TB free) Efficient geometry Compact volume (Form) 

Air tight  volume

Optimized solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY High R value enclosure (TB free) Efficient geometry Compact volume (Form) 

Careful window  placement  and ratios

Air tight  volume

Careful shading Optimized  solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY High R value enclosure (TB free) Efficient geometry Compact volume (Form) 

Air tight  volume

Careful window  placement  and ratios

Mechanical core

Careful shading Optimized  solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY High R value enclosure (TB free) Efficient geometry Compact volume (Form) 

Air tight  volume

Simple ventilation layout DHW Heating Careful window  placement  and ratios

Mechanical core

Careful shading Optimized  solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY Renewables Efficient geometry Compact volume (Form) 

Air tight  volume

High R value enclosure (TB free) Simple ventilation layout DHW Heating Careful window  placement  and ratios

Mechanical core

Careful shading Optimized  solar orientation

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OPTIMIZED BUILDING MORPHOLOGY High R value enclosure (TB free)

Renewables

Simple ventilation layout DHW Heating

Efficient geometry Compact volume (Form) 

Careful window  placement  and ratios

Mechanical core

Air tight  volume Daylighting  core Optimized  solar orientation

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Careful shading


DESIGN PARAMETERS A Science / Quantitative Orientation Compact volume (Form) Efficient geometry (SVR) R value Glazing placement Glazing ratios Shading Thermal bridging Air tightness Ventilation Water management Vapor management System design Equipment efficiency Renewables COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


DESIGN PARAMETERS A Science / Quantitative Orientation

B Architecture / Qualitative Place

Compact volume (Form)

Landscape

Efficient geometry (SVR)

Aesthetics

R value Glazing placement Glazing ratios Shading

Order Technology Social patterns Culture

Thermal bridging

Structure

Air tightness

Materials

Ventilation

Experience

Water management

Comfort

Vapor management

Health

System design

Light

Equipment efficiency

Sound

Renewables

Space

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LOW ENERGY BUILDING DESIGN MAP A Science / Quantitative Orientation Compact volume (Form) Efficient geometry (SVR) R value Glazing placement Glazing ratios Shading

B Architecture / Qualitative SITE

Place Landscape Aesthetics Order Technology Social patterns Culture

Thermal bridging

Structure

Air tightness

Materials

Ventilation

Experience

Water management

Comfort

Vapor management

Health

System design

Light

Equipment efficiency

Sound

Renewables

Space

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LOW ENERGY BUILDING DESIGN MAP A Science / Quantitative Orientation Compact volume (Form)

B Architecture / Qualitative SITE

Efficient geometry (SVR)

Order

Glazing placement Shading

Landscape Aesthetics

R value Glazing ratios

Place

Technology

FORM

Social patterns Culture

Thermal bridging

Structure

Air tightness

Materials

Ventilation

Experience

Water management

Comfort

Vapor management

Health

System design

Light

Equipment efficiency

Sound

Renewables

Space

COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


LOW ENERGY BUILDING DESIGN MAP A Science / Quantitative Orientation Compact volume (Form)

B Architecture / Qualitative SITE

Efficient geometry (SVR)

Order

Glazing placement Shading

Landscape Aesthetics

R value Glazing ratios

Place

Technology

FORM

Social patterns Culture

Thermal bridging

Structure

Air tightness

Materials

Ventilation

Experience

Water management

Comfort

Vapor management

Health

System design Equipment efficiency Renewables COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC

SPACE

Light Sound Space


LOW ENERGY BUILDING DESIGN MAP A Science / Quantitative Orientation Compact volume (Form)

B Architecture / Qualitative SITE

Efficient geometry (SVR)

Place Landscape Aesthetics

The art of optimizing BOTH Order Glazing placement Technology “sides” is where successfulSocial patterns Glazing ratios FORM Shading Culture Passive House design Thermal bridging Structure Air tightness separates itself from simply Materials Ventilation Experience achieving energy efficiency. Comfort Water management R value

Vapor management System design Equipment efficiency Renewables COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC

Health

SPACE

Light Sound Space


Quantitative

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

SOLAR ORIENTATION HIGH INSULATION HIGH PERFORMANCE WINDOWS AIR TIGHT CONSTRUCTION BALANCED VENTILATION

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Experience

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

COMFORT AIR QUALITY SOUND AND DAYLIGHT SIMPLICITY BEAUTY


Case Study 2 Soeder Passive House A HOME IN THE COUNTRY

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SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE

N

Site: Rural farm country with views COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE Mechanical core

Environmental separator

N Daylighting core

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SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE

SOUTH

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SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE SVR 0.32 GLASS 14% SOUTH GLASS 51%

MORPHOLOGY ROOF R=100

WALL R=60

FOUNDATION R=42 ENVELOPE R VALUE = 38.5 GENERAL INFO BECHTELSVILLE, PA 2,600 SQFT CLIMATE ZONE 5/6 HERS 30 PV TO ZERO 6KW

MECHANICAL BALANCED VENTILATION HEAT / COOL HOT WATER WINDOWS

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ZEHNDER 350 MITSUBISHI ASHP GE HWHP INTUS EFORTE

PASSIVE HOUSE METRICS ANNUAL HEAT DEMAND HEAT LOAD PRIMARY ENERGY AIR TIGHTNESS TREATED FLOOR AREA

4.75 KBTU/(FT2YR) 2.84 KBTU/(FT2YR) 34.5 KBTU/(FT2YR) 0.22 ACH@50PA 2,440 SQFT.


SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE

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SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE This is a great performing home… The design of the home was also very well executed, with plenty of room for the family and a sense of space in a small footprint. Chris McTaggart BER, HERS manager PHIUS+ QA manager

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SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE

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SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE

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SOEDER PASSIVE HOUSE

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FORM = ENERGY DIAGRAM OF PASSIVE HOUSE ENVELOPE CALCULATIONS

Diagram created by Alan Benoit and Richard Pedranti during CPHC training at Yestermorrow in 2012 COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


SVR STUDY

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SVR STUDY

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SVR STUDY

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It’s a box

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It’s not a box COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


Frank Lloyd Wright and the Destruction of the Box H. Allen Brooks March 1979 Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


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Case Study 3 Keffer Passive House BREAKING THE BOX

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

N

Site: In a forest on a lake COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

N

Site: In a forest on a lake COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE Mechanical core Box 2

Daylighting core Box 1

Environmental separator

N

Green box is Kitchen volume

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

SOUTH

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE SVR 0.34 GLASS 15% SOUTH GLASS 67%

MORPHOLOGY ROOF R=100

WALL R=62

SLAB R=76 ENVELOPE R VALUE = 38.5 GENERAL INFO HAWLEY, PA 2,900 SQFT CLIMATE ZONE 5 HERS 32 PV TO ZERO 7KW

MECHANICAL BALANCED VENTILATION HEAT / COOL HOT WATER WINDOWS

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ZEHNDER 350 MITSUBISHI ASHP NYLES GEYSER INTUS EFORTE

PASSIVE HOUSE METRICS ANNUAL HEAT DEMAND HEAT LOAD PRIMARY ENERGY AIR TIGHTNESS TREATED FLOOR AREA

4.65 KBTU/(FT2YR) 2.93 KBTU/(FT2YR) 27.3 KBTU/(FT2YR) 0.29 ACH@50PA 2,304 SQFT.


KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE

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KEFFER PASSIVE HOUSE “The passive house structure’s

large south-facing windows provide lots of natural light.” Lynn Keffer

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LESSONS LEARNED 1. SITE

SITE

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LESSONS LEARNED 1. SITE

SITE 2. FORM

FORM

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LESSONS LEARNED 1. SITE

SITE 2. FORM

FORM

3. SPACE

SPACE

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RESOURCES Heating, Cooling, Lighting Sustainable Design Methods for Architects Norbert Lechner Wiley 2015

Frank Lloyd Wright and the Destruction of the Box H. Allen Brooks Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 1979

Design With Climate Biolclimatic approach to architectural regionalism Victor Olgyay Princeton University Press 1963

Transparency: Literal and Phenomenal Colin Rowe and Robert Slutzky Perspecta, Volume 8 1963 COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC


RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT www.richardpedranti.com

129 Sawkill Avenue Milford, PA 18337 Office (570) 296-0466 richard@richardpedranti.com COPYRIGHT 2018 RICHARD PEDRANTI ARCHITECT, PC

Low Energy Building Design Morphology  

Richard Pedranti, AIA, CPHC presentation at the 2018 North American Passive House Conference in Boston.

Low Energy Building Design Morphology  

Richard Pedranti, AIA, CPHC presentation at the 2018 North American Passive House Conference in Boston.