ASIA PACIFIC ISSUE www.railprofessional.com
THE BUSINESS MAGAZINE FOR RAIL
MARCH 2022 | ISSUE NUMBER 25
ASIA PACIFIC RAIL RETURNS TO BANGKOK IN MAY waiting for new contant
This May, the 24th edition of Asia Pacific Rail is back as an in-person event in Bangkok
All the latest from Australia, China, Singapore and South Korea
How anticipating and responding to risks better could help improve safety
Alstom wins contract for Shanghai Metro line 12 performance
Discover potential. Drive performance.
ASIA PACIFIC ISSUE www.railprofessional.com
THE BUSINESS MAGAZINE FOR RAIL
MARCH 2022 | ISSUE NUMBER 25
ASIA PACIFIC RAIL RETURNS TO BANGKOK IN MAY waiting for new contant
This May, the 24th edition of Asia Pacific Rail is back as an in-person event in Bangkok
All the latest from Australia, China, Singapore and South Korea
How anticipating and responding to risks better could help improve safety
Alstom wins contract for Shanghai Metro line 12 performance
PUBLISHER Rail Professional Limited Hallmark House, Downham Road, Ramsden Heath, Essex CM11 1PU Tel: +44 (0) 1268 711811 EDITOR Sam Sherwood-Hale email@example.com Twitter: @SamSherwoodHale SALES Adam Overall Dean Salisbury Jamie Tregarthen firstname.lastname@example.org ADMINISTRATION Lisa Etherington Cherie Nugent Alicia Bannister email@example.com DESIGN & PRODUCTION Lukasz Saczek firstname.lastname@example.org
Twitter: @RailProSEAsia Linkedin: railprofessional Rail Professional welcomes contributions in the form of articles, photographs or letters, preferably by email. original photographs may be submitted, but, while every care will be exercised, neither the editor nor the publisher take responsibility for loss of, or damage to, material sent. Submission of material to Rail Professional will be taken as permission for it to be published in the magazine. ISSN 2397-8287 © All rights reserved.
Welcome to our first issue of 2022 – we have a lot to report on as we start the year, namely in Southeast Asia with Laos planning on increasing trains on its recently opened high-speed route. Due to an increase in demand, the Laos-China Railway Company (LCRC) has announced it will operate slower-speed trains in addition to the two existing high-speed EMU (electric multiple unit) trains to meet the growing needs of passengers. Since its opening at the end of last year, Laos’ railway – a 414 kilometre long, US$5.9 billion high-speed line financed by China – has been running two pairs of EMU trains every day, one pair between Vientiane and Boten bordering China, and another between Vientiane and the ancient capital of Luang Prabang. At the southern end of the railway in Vientiane, the China Railway No. 5 Engineering Group (CREC-5) has completed the construction of the main structure of the longest bridge, the Phonethong bridge with a length of 7,528 metres. When completed the railway will run from Boten on Laos’ northern border with China, south to Vientiane, on its border with Thailand, then connect with the future Bangkok-Nong Khai route. Elsewhere across continental Southeast Asia, the first 20 CRRC locomotives exported to Thailand arrived successfully at Laem Chabang Port of Thailand in February. This most recent delivery builds on the SDA3 combustion locomotives that CRRC exported to Thailand in 2015. Finally Phase I of Chongqing Rail Transit Line 9 started trial operation on 2 March. The train, developed and made by Chongqing CRRC Changke, has a maximum operation speed of 100 kph and will consist of six carriages with a maximum capacity of 2,300 passengers and a peak carrying capacity of 10,700 passengers per hour. We’re looking forward to a few events this year, Asia Pacific Rail will be taking place in Bangkok in May and then RAIL Asia will also be held in Bangkok later on this year. For now, enjoy the March issue of Rail Professional Asia Pacific!
SAM SHERWOOD-HALE Editor
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ISSUE 25 | MARCH 2022 NEWS
05 | Ricardo completes safety assessment of Hyundai Rotem fleet for Seoul metro route, Singapore’s LTA awards multiple contracts, Partnership with Nokia Helps Clavister Expand in Australia, MHIENG to enhance capacity of Sengkang-Punggol LRT, Vossloh wins order from China to supply world’s first zero-emission highspeed grinding trains
SKILLS Occupational psychologists, Dr Stephen Fletcher and Laura Hedley, from the Occupational Psychology Centre (OPC) share insights about risk anticipation gathered from hundreds of Post Incident Assessments (PIA) and how recognising, anticipating and responding to risks better could help improve safety performance
By stopping up to 95 per cent of walked in dirt and moisture, the installation of Coral FR entrance systems can prolong the lifetime of your rail vehicle interior floor coverings and finishes, as well as greatly reducing cleaning costs and the risk for slipping
EVENTS Asia Pacific Rail returns as an in-person event in May 2022 in Thailand
EVENTS RAIL Asia 2022 gears up as the region prepares for growth
METRO Alstom’s Chinese joint venture wins contract to provide maintenance for Shanghai Metro line
Ricardo completes safety assessment of Hyundai Rotem fleet for Seoul metro route Seul, South Korea – Ricardo Certification has issued an Independent Safety Assessment (ISA) certificate to Hyundai Rotem confirming that a new fleet of Electrical Multiple Units (EMUs) manufactured for Seoul Metropolitan Line 4 have met the requirements set out by recognised international safety standards. The certification confirms that the EMUs have been assessed by our accredited experts against the international standards IEC 62278 (reliability, availability, maintainability and safety (RAMS)), IEC 62279 (railway control and protection software) and IEC 62425 (safety related electronic systems). It marks the first time a manufacturer in South Korea has sought conformity for an entire rolling stock platform rather than at a generic application level for safety-critical subsystems, such as onboard signalling, braking or passenger doors. ‘The experience we obtained from these assessment activities will provide valuable groundwork for future certification processes at a rolling stock level’ said Mr. Myoung-Sang Kong, the System Engineering Team leader of Hyundai Rotem. ‘Our achievements with this vehicle will not only help enhance Rotem’s competitiveness in rolling stock safety, but also underline our commitment to provide the market with ever-safer vehicles.’ With this certification, the EMUs can operate on the Seoul
Metropolitan Line 4 (known as ‘The Blue Line’). This is a complex route, with a central section operated by Seoul Metro and some services continuing onto suburban sections – the Ansan and Gwacheon Lines – that are managed by the national operator, KORAIL. Since January 2018, Ricardo’s teams have compiled more than 40 Assessment Records, undertaken five separate audits, and witnessed two test events to confirm that the EMUs fulfil the requirements of each standard. When any issues were raised, the findings were provided directly to Hyundai Rotem for either a resolution or for further evidence to be submitted – from themselves or a component supplier – that confirmed compliance. ‘For the past 20 years, we have proudly supported Hyundai Rotem as a technical partner for their products in the rail sector’ said Hong-Jung Chun, Ricardo’s Project Manager and Lead Assessor. ‘Our strong relationship means we have a deep understanding of their processes, timescales and commitments to quality and safety. This meant we were able to perform our assessments with efficiency and rigour at every stage of the process. ‘We are delighted to be able to issue Hyundai Rotem with a UKAS accredited safety certificate. My congratulations and gratitude to everyone involved in the process.’
Singapore’s LTA awards multiple contracts Singapore – The Land Transport Authority (LTA) has awarded two separate contracts for the procurement of new trains for SengkangPunggol LRT (SPLRT) and the expansion of its depot facilities. The first contract, valued at around SG$439(US$326 million), has been awarded to Mitsubishi Corporation, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Engineering, Ltd and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. Consortium. It covers the procurement of 17 new two-car trains for SPLRT along with the provision of signalling system, guideway system and depot equipment for the expanded depot. The current SPLRT fleet consists of 16 two-car trains and 25 onecar trains. The new trains will progressively replace the existing onecar trains, increasing passenger capacity on the SPLRT network to better serve residents and meet long-term public transport demand in Sengkang and Punggol towns. The 17 new trains are expected to be delivered progressively from 2024 to 2027. To increase its stabling capacity and create more space for maintenance facilities, the 3.5-hectare SPLRT depot will be expanded to 11.1 hectares. Situated above the North East Line’s depot in Sengkang, the expanded SPLRT depot will also include two new reception tracks to shorten train launching time, and three new traction power substations to support the operations of the two-car trains. The civil contract for the design and construction for the March 2022
expansion of the SPLRT depot has been awarded to Sato Kogyo (S) Pte. Ltd. at a contract value of around SG$157 million (US$117 million). Sato Kogyo has an established track record in undertaking infrastructure and building projects locally and abroad. The company was previously involved in the construction of Upper Thomson station on the Thomson-East Coast Line as well as Bencoolen, Mattar and Bedok North stations on the Downtown Line. Depot expansion works for SPLRT will commence in the first quarter of this year and are expected to complete by 2027. The LTA has also awarded the civil contract for the design and construction of Pasir Ris East station, under the first phase of the Cross Island Line (CRL1), to Singapore Engineering & Construction Pte. Ltd. – Sinohydro Corporation Limited (Singapore Branch) Joint Venture. This contract is valued at around SG$363 million (US$270 million). Singapore Engineering & Construction is one of Singapore’s most established civil engineering and construction specialists. The company’s previous projects included the construction of Tai Seng Facility Building which serves the Downtown Line and the widening of Keppel Viaduct. Sinohydro Corporation Limited is a hydropower engineering and construction company which has been involved in a wide range of 5
infrastructure works locally and abroad. The company is currently constructing Napier and Marina South stations for the ThomsonEast Coast Line. Construction works for the CRL1 Pasir Ris East station are expected to start in the second quarter of this year, with passenger service expected to commence in 2030. CRL1 Pasir Ris East station is located along the busy roads of Pasir Ris Drive 1, in the vicinity of residential blocks and community amenities. To mitigate the impact to residents and motorists, staggered stages of traffic and utilities diversions will have to be implemented to facilitate the construction works. Safety measures will be taken when carrying out Earth Retaining and Stabilising Structure and excavation works, which are expected to be approximately 25 metres deep, to ensure stability of the ground and surrounding structures. LTA and the contractor will closely monitor the works to ensure that they are carried out safely with minimal impact to the nearby stakeholders. The CRL is Singapore’s eighth MRT line. It will serve existing and future developments in the eastern, north-eastern and western corridors, linking major hubs such as Jurong Lake District, Punggol Digital District and Changi region. The CRL will have almost half of its stations as interchanges with other rail lines, making it easier and more convenient for commuters to travel across the rail network. CRL1 is 29 kilometres long and comprises twelve stations from Aviation Park to Bright Hill. This will serve residential and industrial areas in Loyang, Tampines, Pasir Ris, Defu, Hougang, Serangoon North and Ang Mo Kio and benefit more than 100,000 households. With CRL1, common recreational spaces such as Changi Beach Park and Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park will be more accessible by public transport. Studies on the details of subsequent CRL phases are ongoing. The LTA has awarded two civil contracts for the design and construction of Cross Island Line Phase 1 (CRL1) stations and tunnels at a combined contract value of SG$861 million (US$640 million). The first contract for the design and construction of Serangoon North station and tunnels has been awarded to Hock Lian Seng Infrastructure Pte. Ltd. at a contract value of $454 million (US$337 million). Hock Lian Seng Infrastructure is an established construction company with extensive experience in infrastructure and building projects in Singapore. The company constructed the Kim Chuan Depot and Marina Bay station for Circle Line, and is currently involved in the construction of Maxwell station along the ThomsonEast Coast Line (TEL). Serangoon North station is located under the busy dual lanes of Ang Mo Kio Avenue 3 and the Yio Chu Kang Road vehicular bridge. The station is wider than usual as there will be three railway tracks instead of two, with the additional track being used to facilitate the withdrawal or parking of trains. Traffic diversions will be implemented at various stages of the construction to provide the required working space for the station construction works. The underpass connection will be constructed by mining beneath the Yio Chu Kang Road vehicular bridge, instead of the typical cutand-cover method. This mining method will allow the construction of the underpass connection to be carried out without affecting the Yio Chu Kang Road vehicular bridge, hence minimising the inconvenience to motorists. LTA and the contractor will closely monitor the works to ensure that they are carried out safely with minimal impact to nearby stakeholders and existing structures. 6
The second contract for the design and construction of Tavistock station and tunnels has been awarded to Sato Kogyo (S) Pte. Ltd at a contract value of $407 million (US$302 million). Sato Kogyo has a strong track record of undertaking infrastructure, building and tunnelling projects in Singapore. The company constructed Bencoolen and Mattar stations along Downtown Line, as well as Upper Thomson station along TEL. Tavistock station is located along the busy roads of Ang Mo Kio Avenue 3 and surrounded by residential and commercial properties. To overcome space constraints, the intermediate launch shaft for the deployment of the tunnel boring machines will be constructed a distance away from the construction site. Tunnelling works will proceed west towards CRL Ang Mo Kio station as well as east towards the next station at Serangoon North, passing through Tavistock station. The ground at Tavistock station is made up of Old Alluvium, a predominantly soil-like material comprising sandy and silty clay. This abrasive ground condition is expected to cause some wear to the cutting equipment on the tunnel boring machines. LTA and the contractor will pay close attention to the tunnelling equipment and overall works to ensure they are carried out in a safe and timely manner with minimal impact to existing structures. Construction works for Serangoon North and Tavistock stations are expected to start in the second quarter of this year, with passenger service for CRL1 slated to commence in 2030. The LTA has awarded the civil contract for the design and construction of tunnels between Aviation Park station and Changi East Depot under the Cross Island Line Phase 1 (CRL1) to Shanghai Tunnel Engineering Co (Singapore) Pte Ltd - LT Sambo Co., Ltd. (Singapore Branch) Joint Venture. The contract is valued at $780 million (US$579 million). Shanghai Tunnel Engineering Co (Singapore) Pte Ltd is an established contractor with a strong track record of undertaking infrastructure and building projects in Singapore. The company was previously involved in the construction of Newton station along Downtown Line as well as Buona Vista station along the Circle Line. It is currently involved in the construction of Bayshore station along Thomson-East Coast Line and road tunnels between Sin Ming Avenue and Ang Mo Kio Ave 3 for the North South Corridor (NSC). LT Sambo Co., Ltd. (Singapore Branch) is a specialist in geotechnical and civil engineering. It is currently working on road tunnels between Novena Rise and Toa Payoh Rise for the NSC. Works for the CRL1 tunnels between Aviation Park station and Changi East Depot are expected to start in December this year, with passenger service for the line slated to commence in 2030. The six kilometres long tunnels will be constructed under Aviation Park Road at an approximate depth of 20 metres below ground level. At their deepest, the tunnels are expected to be around 40 metres deep, compared to other stations which are typically around 30 metres deep. The ground conditions in this area are expected to be challenging as they comprise thick layers of underlying soft marine clay and extensive works will have to be carried out to strengthen the soil condition to ensure that construction works proceed safely. The works will be carried out under strict compliance to regulations including aviation height restrictions given its proximity to the Changi Airport compound. LTA and the contractor will monitor the works closely to ensure that they are carried out safely and take measures to minimise any inconvenience. March 2022
Partnership with Nokia Helps Clavister Expand in Australia Örnsköldsvik, Sweden – Clavister, a leader in European carrierdelivers extreme performance, making it the fastest virtual security grade cybersecurity solutions for mission-critical applications, has gateway on the market today. As part this new contract win, Nokia announced an order intake from a Railway Infrastructure company and Clavister will deliver advanced security features including in Australia. traffic filtration between trackside equipment and core network, Clavister has been a long-term partner of Nokia and its elastic capacity management and a throughput-based license model. solutions have been an essential part of Nokia’s cyber security The customer will also benefit from centralised management and portfolio, especially within Managed Security Services (MSS) and advance routing capabilities. Extended Detection and Response (XDR) solution sets. This strong ‘Nokia and Clavister are working hand in hand to offer security partnership has enabled enrolling one more major customer in solutions to keep trains running on time and to ensure passengers Australia. The order, worth arrive at their destinations close to 2MSEK, will provide safe and satisfied. We comprehensive network welcome our new customer ‘As railway sector adopts new-age technologies, cyber protection for both North/ in Australia and we aim South and East/West security becomes a necessary component of various to implement a security traffic and secure access zone boundary to keep railway businesses’ from non-compliant or their railway network unauthorised attempts. John Vestberg, Clavister CEO infrastructure safe and Digital transformation secure. Our joint solution and connected devices also addresses regulatory and are touching every aspect compliance requirements.’ of our lives and businesses alike and railway infrastructure is not Clavister is a specialised European cybersecurity company, untouched by it either. The modern infrastructure is safer, more protecting complex digital businesses for more than two decades. operationally efficient and provides an enhanced experience to Founded and headquartered in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, Clavister passengers. However, as it is more connected, it increases the pioneered one of the first firewalls and continues to build robust vulnerability surface for cyber threats. Nokia has a comprehensive and adaptive cybersecurity solutions since. Empowering a growing suite of ‘Cyber Security for Railways’ with proven expertise in ecosystem of partners and resellers, we have been serving customers securing digital age railways. It includes a telecom grade NetGuard in more than 100 countries with 125,000+ deployments across Virtual Firewall (NVFW), build on a Clavister’s technology that public sector, service provider and defence sectors.
MHIENG to enhance capacity of Sengkang-Punggol LRT Tokyo, Japan – Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Engineering, Ltd. MHIENG will coordinate with its Singapore-based Technical (MHIENG), a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) Group, Service Center, which was established within MHI-AP in April 2021, has received an order from the Land Transport Authority (LTA) to provide more localized services. Through close cooperation of Singapore to enhance the transport capacity of the Automated with the company, MHIENG aims to provide long-term technical Guideway Transit (AGT) system used on the Sengkang-Punggol support, supply of spare parts, and other types of high value-added Light Rapid Transit (LRT) lines that were originally supplied by localized services to better meet customer needs. A hub for MHI’s MHI in 2003. The order for transportation service the project was received business in Asia Pacific, jointly with MHI’s regional the Technical Service subsidiary Mitsubishi Center provides a ‘one‘Since delivering the vehicles and system to inaugurate Heavy Industries Asia stop service’ to respond Pacific Pte. Ltd. (MHISingapore’s Sengkang-Punggol LRT system in 2003, we to customer inquiries AP) and Mitsubishi and requests in a timely have continued to support LTA by enhancing the system’s Corporation (MC). manner and strengthens The Sengkang-Punggol transport capacity and providing a wide range of afterMHI’s transportation LRT system connects two system product operations, sales services. These include supply of additional vehicles stations on the Mass Rapid maintenance, and Transit (MRT) North East to accommodate two-car linked operations and upgrade after-sales structure in Line (Sengkang Station the region. of the rolling stock workshop’ and Punggol Station) to MHI Group draws on their residential areas. Kenji Terasawa, President and CEO of MHIENG its extensive experience The transport capacity of delivering AGT systems the LRT system will be around the world, including expanded to accommodate Singapore’s Changi Airport its increased use in the Skytrain and systems fast-growing Sengkang and Punggol districts. MHIENG and MHIin Japan, the U.S., Dubai and Macau, as well as its high-quality AP will supply 17 new two-car trainsets (34 cars), signaling system, operations, maintenance, and after-sales services to maintain a guideway system and vehicle maintenance equipment for the competitive position in the global market for new transportation expansion of the existing rolling stock yard. systems. MHI will continue supplying safe and low-carbon transport ‘We look forward to building upon our long-standing relationship solutions that will help support economic development and with LTA through this expansion project that will help meet growing provide better convenience to people in Singapore and countries demand while continuing to ensure reliable transportation.’ around the world. March 2022
Vossloh wins order from China to supply world’s first zero-emission high-speed grinding trains
Werdohl, Germany – Vossloh, a supplier of rail infrastructure Especially in China’s fast-growing mega-metropolises, the products and services, was awarded a trendsetting contract for the expansion of local public transport is progressing at a rapid pace. supply of three high-speed grinding trains (HSG-city) for use in the Rail networks are being extended and traffic density is increasing. metro network of the southern Chinese metropolis of Shenzhen Demand for highly efficient maintenance technology from Vossloh is at the beginning of this rising accordingly. More than year. By coupling to the 17 million people currently electric traction unit, the live in the Shenzhen newly developed grinding metropolis and the metro ‘With our portfolio of innovative products and services train draws its power from registers up to seven million the conductor rail and for the rail track, we as a company make a major passengers daily. The local can therefore be operated rail network covers more contribution to sustainable mobility worldwide. True completely emission free. than 400 kilometres and is HSG (High-Speed to our guiding principle ‘enabling green mobility’, the to be extended to over 1,000 Grinding) technology is used kilometres in the long term. development of an emission-free HSGcity is another for preventive maintenance ‘China is and remains of the rail network. Based consistent step on our green path. In this way, we want a particularly important on a grinding process that is for us, also in the to contribute to leaving future generations an ecosystem market unique worldwide, Vossloh service business. Including maintenance machines can that is as intact as possible’ the three HSG-city’s for be used at a speed of 80 kph Shenzhen Metro we have Oliver Schuster, CEO of Vossloh AG on mainline lines or up to received orders for the 60 kph on urban transport delivery of a total of eight lines. This means that HSG-city’s and one VTM maintenance work can be compact milling machine carried out during ongoing from China in the last operations without the need for timetable adjustments or even line twelve months. I am very pleased about this great success and the closures. Regular use of the HSG machines effectively prevents rail confidence of our customers, which is an impressive proof of our defects, significantly increases rail service life and clearly reduces technology leadership’ says Jan Furnivall, member of Vossloh’s rail noise. Executive Board. 8
Alstom’s Chinese joint venture wins contract to provide maintenance for Shanghai Metro line 12 Shanghai, China – Alstom’s Chinese joint venture, Shentong Bombardier (Shanghai) Rail Transit Vehicle Maintenance Co., Ltd. (SHBRT) has been awarded a contract from Shanghai Shentong Metro Group Co., Ltd. (Shanghai Metro) to provide whole lifecycle maintenance service for 204 Movia metro cars (34 trains) on Shanghai’s Line 12 phase 2 and phase 3 project. The total contract is valued at approximately €43.6 million (US$48.5 million) Under the contract, SHBRT will adopt the condition-based maintenance regime by deploying the advanced maintenance tools, including Alstom’s Orbita advanced train monitoring system, Automatic Vehicle Inspection System, etc., to improve the safety, reliability, availability and efficiency of Shanghai’s Line 12 fleet. The scope of the contract includes The total contract is preventive maintenance, corrective maintenance, balanced overhauls, safety inspections, train cleaning and train escort services for 204 metro cars. The project is expected to be completed in November 2027. Henry Wang, Managing Director of Alstom China said: ‘Alstom is delighted to be selected by Shanghai Metro to provide whole lifecycle maintenance service for Line 12. We will focus on maintaining our high-performance and are confident that our experienced joint venture team with advanced maintenance tools will provide reliable service and contribute to seamless operations for our customer as well as passengers in Shanghai.’ In 2016, SHBRT was awarded the first full fleet metro maintenance contract in China when Shanghai Metro enlisted them to provide 12 years of (on a 6+6 basis) maintenance service for 246 metro cars for Line 12. This latest agreement with Shanghai Metro is a supplementary contract to that initial contract awarded in 2016. Since its establishment, SHBRT has provided overhaul service for a total of 1,362 metro cars for Shanghai Metro. By leveraging the respective partners’ competencies in terms of technologies, equipment and businesses, the joint venture is dedicated to providing efficient services for urban mass transit vehicles in China, offering customers daily maintenance, intermediate repairs, overhaul, refurbishment, and technical consultation. All 204 Movia metro cars for the Shanghai line 12 phase 2 and
phase 3 were delivered by another Alstom Chinese Joint Venture, Changchun Alstom Railway Vehicles Company Limited. (CARC). To date, CARC has supplied 1,548 metro cars to Shanghai Metro across three Shanghai Metro lines. Present in China for over 60 years, Alstom participates in the full spectrum of China’s railway projects. With the completion of the acquisition of Bombardier Transportation effective Jan. 29, 2021, Alstom in China now has a complete range of rolling stock (highspeed trains, railway passenger cars, locomotives, metro, automated people movers, monorail and trams), state-of-the-art components (traction systems, bogies, traction motors, dampers), customised services, as well as infrastructure and signalling solutions. Alstom valued at approximately in China has thirteen joint ventures, seven wholly foreign-owned enterprises, and over 11,000 employees. Together, the joint ventures have delivered more than 6,000 railway passenger cars, 1,530 electric locomotives, 7,194 metro cars, 536 monorail cars, 168 automated people mover cars and 191 tram cars to China’s growing rail transit market as well as to overseas markets. In China, Alstom also provides customers with a wide range of services solutions, from heavy maintenance to modernisations, and currently has 2,252 metro cars under maintenance contracts. It is a major signalling supplier to the Chinese high-speed network, and through its joint ventures, its signalling systems are utilised in 102 urban mass transit lines and its propulsion equipment are applied in 100 metro lines in Chinese cities. As the leader in rail services, Alstom delivers added value to customers every day, ensuring fleets run safely, reliably, and efficiently. With over 15,000 Services employees and 250 sites around the world, the Group has strong expertise and the largest global footprint, spanning over 40 countries. Alstom’s extensive services portfolio covers the whole asset lifecycle, addressing the various needs of customers and Alstom’s maintenance teams service 35,000 vehicles worldwide, with many contracts lasting over 20 years. With smart and green mobility leadership, Alstom offers innovative digital solutions for maintenance optimisation and high-performing fleets as well as green retractioning solutions for emission-free transport.
€43.6 million (US$48.5 million)
Risk it? ... or Play it Safe? Occupational psychologists, Dr Stephen Fletcher and Laura Hedley, from the Occupational Psychology Centre (OPC) share insights about risk anticipation gathered from hundreds of Post Incident Assessments (PIA) and how recognising, anticipating and responding to risks better could help improve safety performance
he OPC has been working in the rail industry since 1992, and its psychologists have a special interest in why rail employees make errors and have safety incidents. Having undertaken hundreds of PostIncident Assessments (PIA), interviews and development plans for rail employees including: train drivers; conductors; controllers; signallers and track workers, risk anticipation is a common NonTechnical Skill (NTS) shortfall. Risk can be defined as the exposure to a chance of injury, harm, loss or the possibility of something bad happening. In relation to safety-critical roles, the OPC have categorised risk into three areas: ɋ Firstly, personal risks. i.e. risks in the context of our health and well-being, such as suffering from lack of sleep, or emotional pressure due to difficulties in a relationship or a recent bereavement. Our mental health may be included in this too, for example, if we are suffering with depression, anxiety or stress. ɋ Secondly, work risks might include tiredness towards the end of a shift or things out of our normal routine, like a different traction, stopping pattern or route for our shift. ɋ Finally, environmental risks. It’s easy to point to the weather – heavy rain, bright sunlight or snow as risk factors, but equally the time of day maybe a factor e.g., dawn or dusk when the sun is low in the sky. All these different types of risks could leave us vulnerable to making a mistake – impacting on our safety performance and possibly leading to an incident. THE IMPORTANCE OF RISK: OPC LEARNINGS FROM POST INCIDENT ASSESSMENTS OVER THE LAST 20 YEARS Anticipating and managing risk is a safety issue. If we anticipate risks and manage them so they are controlled and/or diminished then it can help keep ourselves and others safe. Dr Fletcher said ‘Our Post Incident Assessment work has suggested that some rail employees have found it difficult to anticipate and manage their risks, leading them to have one or more safety incidents. It’s our opinion that some of the best rail employees are more effective at anticipating and managing risks. They often feel uncomfortable taking risks; and, they are more likely to work at a steady pace, without responding to time pressures.’ So, what are some of the insights from the PIA’s that contribute to a good personal risk strategy? PLANNING FOR RISKS IS KEY TO SAFE PERFORMANCE A safety-critical worker who ‘plans’ for risks that may affect their performance that day, is less likely to have a safety incident. They are more aware of risks, and can take steps March 2022
to effectively manage them. This may mean ‘thinking ahead’ and mentally plotting where possible risks may occur during a shift or route. The safer employee is more likely to start their shift with a clear idea of where the risks might be and also how to reduce or avoid them. So, for example:
‘I’m feeling tired today, so I need to use concentration techniques to stay focused.’ ‘It’s raining heavily tonight, so there may be slip hazards at my station. I need to remind passengers to be cautious and not rush.’ ‘I had words with my daughter earlier, and I’m feeling distracted. I need to ‘park it’ for my shift to stay safe.’ OPC psychologists encourage those rail employees engaged in a post incident development programme to prepare their day with a risk assessment, anticipating their risks and helping to manage them with an action plan. Laura Hedley, Senior Occupational Psychologist at the OPC said: ‘Some of the best safety-critical employees might do this risk assessment and action plan as a diary, others may make notes or just do it in their head. Written down with some focused attention is better, but the really important point is that they do it. We advise them that just as a driver prepares a train for departure, so they should prepare themselves too.’ RECOGNISING THINGS CHANGE – UNDERTAKING DYNAMIC RISK ASSESSMENTS Up front planning for risks is important and can help guide us as to what to focus on. However, sometimes the day just doesn’t turn out as expected! That’s life! For example:
‘There are unexpected delays on the track. I need to stop worrying about my own journey home.’ ‘The weather’s changed to heavy rain and visibility is poor. I need to reduce speed and not worry about running late.’
‘This maintenance job is taking longer than expected and I feel pressured to get it done and trains running again. I need to make sure that safety comes first and not rush the job.’ The safer railway employees will undertake a dynamic risk assessment during their shift, recognising if something has changed, and understanding that the risks need to be re-evaluated. They will ask themselves ‘Do I need to re-think my risk plan? Are there new risks I wasn’t anticipating? Have the risks increased, stayed the same or decreased and therefore what action should I take to manage them?’ When the OPC reviewed incidents involving a track company they found that often safety incidents occurred when a situation had changed. For example, the location of the work had changed, or additional tasks being added to the job, or the time by which trains had to run again was sooner. For this track company its track workers had not done a re-evaluation of their risks. Laura Hedley went on to say: ‘Situations can change but often the employee doesn’t recognise the change in risk, leaving them vulnerable. Then they have an incident. Our rail employees need to be ever-vigilant to change. Acknowledging risk changes and making important updates to their personal risk plan helps keep them and others safe. We can’t afford to carry on, regardless.’ THE SUBTLE AND ACCUMULATING RISKS CAN BE THE MOST DANGEROUS In-your-face risks such as a person falling on the track, a fire alarm going off, or an approaching hurricane are easily identifiable and obvious to spot. Another key learning OPC psychologists gleaned from personnel involved in safety incidents is that it is often the small, subtle, less obvious but equally important risks that we can sometimes miss. An accumulation of these can collectively leave us very exposed with the possibility of a more major safety incident occurring. Because each risk is subtle and emerges over time, then an employee may fail to detect them leading to an incident. We sometimes call these a ‘Risk Journey’ In a PIA the OPC psychologist will ask the employee, ‘Did you feel at risk immediately prior to the incident?’ they will most often respond ‘no’. They didn’t spot the numerous small, subtle risks and anticipate their combined potential to lead to a safety incident. In this example, if the driver had recognised each of the individual risks, they could have intervened at a number of points earlier across the risk journey, put some actions in place, and possibly avoided the ‘Fail to call’. Dr Stephen Fletcher said: ‘Individuals’ 11
Taking a recently appointed train driver, a hypothetical risk journey build up could look like this.
perceptions about risk can be very interesting. When we meet with an employee after an incident, we often find that they perceive the risk as nowhere near happening, when in actual fact it was already upon them and a safety incident was almost inevitable. As small risks accumulate, the probability is that an employee is much more likely to have a safety incident.’
SOME OPC RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ANTICIPATING AND MANAGING RISK As the saying goes ‘To be forewarned is to be forearmed’. If we are to help improve safety performance and keep reducing railway safety incidents still further then there are some actions we can consider:
DIFFERENT PEOPLE WITH DIFFERENT RISK PROFILES: WHO TAKES AND WHO DOESN’T TAKE RISKS Not acknowledging and anticipating risks is a ‘risky thing!’ Sometimes an employee may not have the experience to recognise a risk, or they may forget to think ahead. At the opposite end of the spectrum, there may be veteran employees whose experience makes them complacent or routine-bound. They may not recognise risks as they emerge. An employee whose approach to risk is denial, or they see acknowledging risks as a weakness may not be ideal for a safetycritical role. Those who find taking risks exhilarating, may choose to take more risks, more often. They may also not be ideal in a safety-critical role. Some employees are very risk averse. They can be effective at recognising risk and putting mechanisms in place to manage them safely. They don’t feel the need to take a risk for the excitement or the thrill of it. They are more likely to believe that the safest option is always the best option. Great safety-critical employees feel uncomfortable taking risks and feel that no risk is worth taking, whatever the situation. So, our tendency to take risks could be an individual difference based on our experience and/or personality.
ɋ Proactive risk assessments prior to a shift, as well as dynamic risk assessments during a shift are essential. ɋ A post shift risk review of any near misses, or things to do differently next time, is also positive.
1. Encourage good personal risk management habits for all employees.
2. Encourage immediate corrective action of ‘risky’ behaviour. ɋ When a safety-critical employee displays risky behaviours, however small, the OPC would recommend incorporating these into an immediate action plan. Even small, apparently inconsequential things, could lead to more serious incidents. 3. Post incident re-training of employees who may have had ‘minor’ safety incidents. ɋ The OPC runs development programmes focusing on the NTS of risk awareness and management. These are suitable for managers, team leaders and front-line employees. They help individuals anticipate risks better, manage them and can help improve their safety performance, as well as the safety performance of those who work for them.
5. Incorporating the NTS of Risk Anticipation into recruitment processes. ɋ The OPC would recommend using a psychometric tool that assesses for risk anticipation as part of a talent acquisition process for safetycritical roles. OPC Assessment’s Risk Anticipation and Time Focus Questionnaire (RTQ) is a personality questionnaire that profiles a person’s preferred style and behaviours around risk anticipation and management. It can also be used as part of a PIA when supporting individuals who may have had a safety incident. Dr Fletcher summarised by saying: ‘The NTS of risk anticipation and the management of risks are really important skills to recognise in contributing to strong safety performance. Having a risk averse employee who proactively thinks about risks up front – who anticipates them, plans for them and dynamically responds to them is much more likely to avoid an incident. It’s important that we recognise even the smallest risks and their potential to accumulate. It is to our peril that we habituate risks or that we are dismissive of their potential impact on safety. Planning for risks is planning for safety!’ R
4. Encourage reporting risks when encountered or observed. ɋ Encourage a reporting culture around risk. Either self-reporting or ‘whistle-
blowing’ in order to mitigate risks. Reporting risky behaviour can be important for the employee at risk, as well as other employees, passengers and the organisation.
Tel: +44 (0)1923 234646 Email: email@example.com March 2022
The new Coral FR collection for rail By stopping up to 95 per cent of walked in dirt and moisture, the installation of Coral FR entrance systems can prolong the lifetime of your rail vehicle interior floor coverings and finishes, as well as greatly reducing cleaning costs and the risk of slipping
hilst many of Coral FR’s benefits come from a functional perspective, we understand the importance of colour and design. Coral FR entrance matting brings the functionality and convenience necessary for rail vehicle operators along with a great visual aesthetic that works well within the overall interior design scheme. After extensive research and development, we have updated our collection, deleting some references and adding new colours resulting in a fresh and forward-looking collection. Colour is the main driver for how the product looks and as such we focus a lot of energy into the development of new colour palettes for all our Coral FR products. Traditionally grey and blue make up a high percentage of our volume but we appreciate that a wider palette is required in order to satisfy our global customers’ diverse needs. Our main aim is to design a collection that provides products which can be coordinated with any flooring following on from the entrance area whilst also giving designers and end users alike a great array of designs and colourways to choose from. The collection is made up of four ranges, Coral Classic FR, Coral Brush FR, Coral Duo FR and Coral Welcome FR, each with their own unique benefits. All Coral FR entrance floor coverings all meet the EN45545-2 rail standard which relate to fire, smoke and toxicity.
CORAL CLASSIC FR – THE ULTIMATE MOISTURE ABSORBER Research shows that taking just two steps on Coral Classic FR’s moisture retaining construction is enough to absorb half of the foot-borne moisture that would otherwise be carried inside on the soles of passengers’ shoes.
CORAL BRUSH FR – THE GREAT ALL-ROUNDER Suitable for all types of entrance areas, absorbing moisture and removing dry soiling as the weather demands.
CORAL DUO FR – THE ULTIMATE DIRT AND MOISTURE REMOVER The ideal solution when you need maximum dirt removal, unrivalled dirt retention and exceptional moisture absorption, all in just a couple of paces.
CORAL FR AND THE ENVIRONMENT From how they’re made to how they perform, Forbo Flooring Systems makes outstanding floor covering products that are truly sustainable. 100 PER CENT GREEN ELECTRICITY FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES Of all the electricity we buy, 100 per cent comes from renewable sources. This means our Coral FR production site is part of an effective environmental management system and has achieved ISO 14001 certification.
QUICKER INSTALLATION SOLUTIONS As an alternative to fully adhering the floor covering to the subfloor, Coral FR can also be supplied with different backing options designed to improve efficiencies in time, cost and operation throughout the life of the rail vehicle. Hook and loop, and magnetic installation solutions for example have the advantage over traditional fully bonded adhesive systems resulting in cost savings for train operators because of: ɋ Quicker and easier installation and replacement. ɋ No need to wait for the adhesive to dry. ɋ No waiting time before the carpet can be walked on. ɋ Immediate use of the train after installation. The optional backing solutions cannot be added to latex backed material after production, so the required backing type must be clearly specified at the time of ordering.
REUSE WASTE All the waste yarn from the Coral FR production is reused by the yarn supplier. Our search for new ways to reduce our environmental impact has led us to work very closely with forward thinking suppliers who are able to incorporate ever higher levels of recycled content in their materials.
CORAL WELCOME FR – WHERE DESIGN MEETS ENVIRONMENT With its contemporary linear design and rich, deep pile, Coral Welcome FR packs the style and aesthetic appeal of a luxury carpet and makes an unequivocal statement in any entrance area. ECONYL® YARN Coral Brush FR, Coral Duo FR and Coral Welcome FR entrance floors all use Econyl® yarn which is made from used and abandoned fishing nets. Using Econyl® is a way to reduce existing waste, avoid additional manufacturing-related pollution, and keep the consumption of natural resources and energy to a minimum.
ZERO LANDFILL Virtually zero landfill is achieved by the Coral FR manufacturing plant. For more information regarding Coral FR entrance systems or any of the other floor and wall covering products from the Forbo Flooring Systems portfolio please contact us. March 2022
For more information regarding the innovative installation solutions available across our full rail floor and wall portfolio visit our website.
SERVICES We understand that service is equally important in ensuring optimal efficiencies in time and cost management. We offer a range of services for both new build and refurbishment projects that ensure maximum efficiencies from delivery to storage, from labelling to packaging and from installation to operation. ɋ Cut to shape. ɋ Bespoke labelling. ɋ Custom packaging. ɋ Material scheduling. ɋ Just in time logistics. R
Tel: +44 1773 744121 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Visit: www.forbo-flooring.com/rail 15
Asia Pacific Rail returns as an in-person event in May 2022 in Thailand
Bangkok, Thailand – With 79,000+ kilometres of rail projects either planned or under construction, Asia is the most exciting rail market in the world. Over the last 23 years, Asia Pacific Rail has brought together more than 25,000 rail leaders from across the globe for the most exclusive and influential railway gathering in the region. This May, the 24th edition of Asia Pacific Rail is back as an in-person event in Bangkok, Thailand. Leading global rail and technology solution providers will showcase their innovations to 1,000 rail professionals from Asia and beyond across ten key themes: 1. Digital Rail 2. Intelligent Infrastructure Management 3. Mainline Projects 4. Metro Projects 5. Passenger Experience 6. Rail Freight 7. Rail Power 8. Rail Security 9. Signalling & Communications 10. Ticketing & Payments Over the two days, over 80 expert speakers from rail operators and authorities will be addressing key themes such as Digital Rail, 16
Signalling & Communications, Operations & Maintenance, Asset Management, Project Updates and more. As part of this year’s event highlights, the showfloor will also host 3 LIVE open theatres featuring interactive content from exhibitors. A stellar line-up of speakers to provide indepth analysis and lead discussions on the future of rail in Asia includes: ɋ Catherine Baxter, Chief Operating Officer, Metro Trains Melbourne, Australia. ɋ Samuel Chan, Group Director, Rail And Road Systems Engineering, Land Transport Authority Singapore, Singapore. ɋ Sara Cheung, Managing Director, Asia Era One, Thailand. ɋ Chong Kheng Chua, Deputy Chief Executive - Infrastructure And Development, Land Transport Authority Singapore, Singapore. ɋ Muhammad Effendi, Operation and Maintenance Director, PT MRT Jakarta, Indonesia. ɋ Mohamad Deddy Gamawan, Deputy General Manager, PT Kereta Cepat Indonesia China (KCIC), Indonesia.
ɋ Dr. Jacob Kam, Chief Executive Officer, MTR Corporation, Hong Kong. ɋ Pichet Kunadhamraks, Deputy Director General, Department of Rail Transport, Ministry of Transport, Thailand, Thailand. ɋ Adi Lau, Managing Director-Mainland China Business & Global Operations Standards, MTR Corporation, Hong Kong. ɋ Dr. Tony Lee, Operations Director, MTR Corporation, Hong Kong. ɋ Junn Magno, General Manager, Philippine National Railways, Philippines. ɋ Vithaya Punmongkol, Deputy Governor (Operations), Mass Rapid Transit Authority of Thailand (MRTA), Thailand. ɋ Taufikurrahman Taufikurrahman, Executive Vice President, KAI (Indonesia Railways), Indonesia. ɋ Yanto Yulianto, Divisional Head of Information System and Technology, PT MRT Jakarta, Indonesia. For more information about Asia Pacific Rail 2022, please visit https://www.terrapinn.com/ exhibition/asia-pacific-rail R March 2022
RAIL Asia 2022 gears up as the region prepares for growth The Eastern Economic Corridor is to be a highlight theme at RAIL Asia 2022 scheduled for 24-25 November in Thailand
uilding on its success as the Asia’s only international rail exhibition and conference in 2020, RAIL Asia maintained its position as the region’s most important trade event in one of the world’s most important and expansive markets. Thailand accounts for 40 per cent of all rail investment in Southeast Asia. The Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC), Thailand’s flagship economic zone, has attracted investment applications totalling more than US$39 billion, 59 per cent of all
investment projects received by the BOI were from projects in the EEC. Thailand’s gateway to Asia ranges across three eastern provinces, Chachoengsao, Chonburi and Rayong. The EEC Development Plan is designed to help transform Thailand into a value-based economy with extensive and efficient transport links to Asia through its US$32.93 billion infrastructure upgrade plan headlined by the High-Speed Rail Ribbon Sprawl (EECh) linking three main airports to include the new Eastern Airport City ‘Aerotropolis’ (EECa).
RAIL Asia was hailed a great success in its previous edition by the government, hosts and supporting organsations as it defied global challenges and staged the only international exhibition and conference for the rail industry in 2020. Hosted by the State Railway of Thailand and opened by the Ministry of Transport, RAIL Asia 2020 highlighted its importance and strength in the region with a successful eighth edition in Bangkok as the industry ‘reconnects’ and business rebounds. ‘For Talgo this is our first time at RAIL 17
Expo and we’ve met a lot of new clients from the industry to include top executives and government. This is the exhibition that gathers the people from the rail sector, not only from Thailand but from throughout Southeast Asia. Talgo will definitely exhibit again next year’ explained Mr. Surawut Sakulhiranrak, Managing Director, Talgo Country Representative. Opened by the Mr.Pisak Jitviriyavasin, Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Transport and hosted by the State Railway of
Thailand, the RAIL Asia 2020 international conference and exhibition welcomed a global line up of world class technology, solution providers and 1,276 of the region’s stakeholders and other related industry professionals to meet, network, see the latest technologies, learn about the latest developments and trends and re-connect with the rail and metro industry in this new business environment we embrace. RAIL Asia attracts a diverse attendance of industry, last year rail and metro operators
made up 13 per cent of the visitors, government five per cent, contractors 15 per cent, consultants 17 per cent, professional and academic organisations nine per cent, suppliers 24 per cent and investors three per cent. Visitors to the event represented projects and budgets reported to be worth over US$2.426 billion in Thailand and the region. According to the audited onsite survey the main product areas of interest to the trade visitors to RAIL Asia are rolling stock and maintenance (35 per cent), signalling (29 per cent), civil engineering (24 per cent), passenger experience for PIS, ticketing, station management (19 per cent), information technology (18 per cent) and other related sectors to include tunneling, OCS, trackwork, multi-modal integration, investment, tooling and consultancy (five per cent). ‘RAIL Asia is very important for us as it gives a very good chance to catch up with all our customers at the same time to introduce new products and to discuss new projects, it is also a very good chance to meet new potential customers from the rail authorities and operators. Overall it is very beneficial to us and we very much appreciate the exhibition’ explained Mr. Hannes Saurug, Chief Commercial Officer of Voestalpine Railway Systems. RAIL Asia 2022 will be staged from 24-25 November for its tenth edition with continued full support and collaboration of government and industry, find out more by contacting the team directly at email@example.com R
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