Page 1


Table of Contents

TALL FESCUE DATA ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-10 SUNGOLD XPS premium tall fescue brand............................................................................................................................................4 Table 1. 2016 NC Tall Fescue Turf Trial (2.0”): Turf Performance ...................................................................................................... 5 Table 2. 2016 OR Tall Fescue Turf Trial (1.0”): Turf Quality ................................................................................................................ 7 Turfgrass Water Conservation Alliance: 40% Less Water...................................................................................................................... 8 Table 4. 2015 OR Tall Fescue Shade Turf Trial (2.0”): Turf Performance............................................................................................9 Table 5. 2015 OR Tall Fescue Seed Yield Trial: Stem Rust ................................................................................................................ 10 PERENNIAL RYEGRASS DATA ................................................................................................................................................................................... 13-24 SUNRYE XPS premium perennial ryegrass brand..................................................................................................................................13 Table 6. 2016 NC Perennial Ryegrass Turf Trial (2.0”): Turf Performance ......................................................................................... 15 Table 7. 2016 NC Perennial Ryegrass Winter Overseeding Trial (0.5”): Turf Performance ............................................................... 16 Table 8. 2016 OR Perennial Ryegrass Turf Trial (1.0”): Drought Stress ............................................................................................ 18 Table 9. 2015 OR Perennial Ryegrass Turf Trial (1.0”): Crown Rust/Turf Quality .............................................................................. 19 Figure 1 & 2 Cold Germination 48° & 50° (UMass Study).......................................................................................................................20 PURESPORT premium athletic brand.....................................................................................................................................................21 Table 10. 2014 OR Perennial Ryegrass Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Performance ........................................................................................ 23 Table 11. 2016 OR Perennial Ryegrass Greenhouse Salt Bath: Survival Ratings ............................................................................... 24 KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS DATA .................................................................................................................................................................................. 25-33 PUREBLUE premium kentucky bluegrass brand....................................................................................................................................25 Table 12. 2015 NC Kentucky Bluegrass Turf Trial (1.0”): Dollar Spot/Turf Quality .............................................................................. 27 Table 13. 2016 OR Kentucky Bluegrass Turf Trial (1.0”): Turf Performance ....................................................................................... 28 Table 14. 2016 OR Kentucky Bluegrass Rain-out Trial (2.0”): Drought ............................................................................................... 29 Table 15. 2015 OR Kentucky Bluegrass Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Performance ....................................................................................... 30 Bluemuda Trial (University of Kentucky).................................................................................................................................................31 Table 16. 2014 OR Kentucky Bluegrass Turf Trial: Turf Performance ................................................................................................. 33 FINE FESCUE DATA .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 35-41 PURELINKS premium fine fescue brand.................................................................................................................................................35 Table 17. 2016 NC Fine Fescue Turf Trial (3.0”): Turf Quality ............................................................................................................. 36 Table 18. 2016 NC Fine Fescue Turf Trial (1.0”): Turf Quality ............................................................................................................. 37 Table 19. 2016 OR Fine Fescue Turf Trial (1.0”): Turf Quality ............................................................................................................ 37 Table 20. 2015 OR Fine Fescue Turf Trial (1.0”): Turf Quality ............................................................................................................ 38 Table 21. 2015 OR Fine Fescue Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Quality ............................................................................................................ 40 Table 22. 2015 OR Low Maintenance Fine Fescue Turf Trial (3.0”): Turf Quality ............................................................................... 41 BENTGRASS DATA ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 43-50 Bentgrass Products (Tee2Green)............................................................................................................................................................43 Table 23. 2015 NC Creeping Bentgrass Turf Trial (0.150”): Turf Quality ............................................................................................. 45 Table 24. 2015 NC Creeping Bentgrass Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Quality ................................................................................................. 45 Table 25. 2016 OR Creeping Bentgrass Turf Trial (0.125”): Turf Performance .................................................................................... 46 Table 26. 2016 OR Creeping Bentgrass Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Performance ........................................................................................49 Table 27. 2015 OR Creeping Bentgrass Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Performance ....................................................................................... 50 SEASHORE PASPALUM DATA .................................................................................................................................................................................... 51-57 Pure Dynasty premium paspalum brand.................................................................................................................................................51 Table 28. 2015 NC Seashore Paspalum Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Quality ................................................................................................ 53 Project Highlight: New Caledonia............................................................................................................................................................54 Table 29. 2015 OR Seashore Paspalum Turf Trial (0.125”): Turf Performance .................................................................................. 57 BERMUDAGRASS DATA ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 58-62 Pure Pro premium bermudagrass brand.................................................................................................................................................58 Table 30. 2017 NC Bermudagrass Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Performance ................................................................................................ 59 Table 31. 2016 NC Bermudagrass Turf Trial (0.5”): Turf Performance ................................................................................................ 59 Table 32 & 33. 2015 NC Bermudagrass Turf Trial 1 & 2 (0.5”): Turf Performance.............................................................................. 60 Table 34. 2016 MS Bermudagrass Turf Trial (0.75”): Turf Performance.............................................................................................. 61 Table 35. 2016 MS Bermudagrass Turf Trial: Shoot, Rhizome, Root Densities.................................................................................... 62 FORAGE DATA ........................................................................................................................................................................................................63-65 Table 36. 2016 KY Bermudagrass Trial: Forage Yields ......................................................................................................................63 Table 37. 2016 OR Forage Trial: Stem Rust .......................................................................................................................................64 Table 38. 2015 OR Orchardgrass Seed Yield Trial: Disease ...............................................................................................................65


NOTES


Turf Performance

TALL FESCUE 5

Table 1. 2017 mean turf performance ratings for entries in a tall fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2016 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 2" mowing height.

Turf Quality/ Gray Leaf Spot Oct 2016

Turf Quality through June

Brown Patch 11 July

Turf Quality Mean

Gray Leaf Spot/ Brown Patch July-Aug

PST-R5X16 Bulk PST-R5BUG Bulk PST-5SQB Tar Heel II Coronado TDH Cumberland PST-53D2 PST-5LYM Saltillo RainDance PST-5ZIP PST-5BRK PST-5BGR Inspiration Moondance Meridian PST-5DRP PST-5FDR PST-5MCD Gazelle II PST-5DART Lifeguard PST-5BYOB PST-5T24 Kentucky 31 PST-5MINI 3rd Millennium PST-5STAR PST-5EX2 Bulk PST-5Y8 PST-5DZP PST-5MVD Pro Gold Picabú Embrace PST-5BP0 PST-5MINK PST-5DAW Rhambler SRP PST 5WAL Swagger PST-5SDS Bullseye PST-5T20 Mustang 4

6.21 6.5 5.3 4.3 5.2 5.8 6.0 4.5 5.8 4.8 5.2 5.3 4.3 5.3 6.3 6.2 5.2 5.0 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.3 4.0 2.7 6.2 3.8 5.7 4.7 4.3 6.8 5.3 6.0 3.0 6.0 5.2 4.8 3.3 5.0 4.8 5.5 4.2 3.0 4.7 2.8

5.51 6.1 5.4 4.0 5.1 5.4 5.9 4.9 5.7 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.3 2.1 5.5 4.4 5.5 5.3 4.8 6.7 5.1 5.3 4.3 6.5 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.6 5.1 5.9 4.6 4.4 5.1 4.6

7.72 7.3 8.7 7.3 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.3 8.0 7.7 7.3 7.7 7.0 8.0 8.0 7.7 8.7 7.7 6.3 7.0 8.0 7.0 7.3 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.0 7.7 7.0 6.7 6.7 5.7 6.7 7.0 6.0 5.3 4.7 6.7 6.7 5.0 4.3 5.0 4.7 4.7

5.51 6.4 5.6 3.9 4.9 5.1 5.4 4.6 5.2 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.0 4.4 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.6 2.1 5.0 3.9 5.0 4.5 4.2 5.9 4.6 4.8 3.7 5.6 4.7 4.4 4.1 4.8 4.4 5.1 4.1 3.8 4.4 3.9

7.22 6.9 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.7

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.5 18.7

0.9 11.1

2.3 20.5

0.8 10.7

2.4 34.2

Entry

9 = ideal; 2 9 = no disease; 6 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; Entry in bold italics is brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1


TALL FESCUE Gray Leaf Spot

PST EAST Rolesville, NC

6


Entry

TALL FESCUE

Turf Quality

Table 2. 2017 mean turf quality ratings for entries in a tall fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2016 (Blk 10) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 1” mowing height.

PST-5DART PST-5DAW PST-5MINK Lifeguard PST-53D2 PST-5SDS PST-5LYM PST-5MVD PST-5SQB PST-5BYOB PST-5DZP Saltillo Pro Gold PST-5BP0 PST-5FDR PST-5MCD PST-5MINI PST-5STAR PST-5T20 Cumberland PST-5BRK PST-5T24 Bearcat Inspiration RainDance Moondance Swagger Gazelle II Tarnation GT PST-5ZIP Amarello Duration PST-525D PST-5BGR Tar Heel II PST-5WAL Endeavor II PST-5Y8 Dynamic II Embrace Picabú PST-5EX2 Bulk 2nd Millennium Fury Endure Kentucky 31

7.11 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.0 3.2

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.8 8.0

9 = ideal 4 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; Entry in bold italics is brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

7

Mean


The perfection the pros DEMAND

Setting the standard for over 30 years on water reducing turgrass. Our vision is to develop, produce, and market solution-based products that focus on reducing environmental and economic pressure while building tolerance to drought and other specific stresses.

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S e e d i n g I n n o v a t i o n Growing Excellence

Uses

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TWCA Qualified Products • SUNRYE perennial ryegrass • SUNGOLD tall fescue • PUREBLUE kentucky bluegrass • PURELINKS fine fescue

www.pureseed.com


Turf Performance

TALL FESCUE

Table 4. 2016-17 mean turf performance ratings for a tall fescue mixture shade turf trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 1) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 2” mowing height.

Entry

Est 4 wk

Drought 11 Aug 16

Turf Quality Mean

Meridian 90% Saltillo, 10% K13-141 KB PST-5DZP Embrace 90% Cumberland, 10% K13-141 KB 90% Gazelle II, 10% Moonlight SLT KB PST-5MCD Cumberland Tarnation GT 90% RainDance, 10% Tirem KB 90% Saltillo, 10% Desert Moon KB RainDance Dynamic II 90% Tarnation GT, 10% Right KB Inspiration PST-525D Swagger 90% RainDance, 10% Right KB PST-5FDR Picabú 90% Inspiration, 10% T13-34 KB 90% Tar Heel II, 10% Right KB Endeavor II Coronado TDH

6.31 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.0 4.7 4.7 6.0 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.7 5.0 5.3 4.3 5.0 4.3 3.7 2.7 2.7

8.02 5.7 7.0 6.7 7.0 6.3 5.3 6.3 4.7 6.0 6.0 6.3 6.7 5.7 7.0 4.0 3.0 6.0 6.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 4.0 6.0

7.03 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.3 4.1

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.3 15.3

2.5 25.7

1.1 11.4

9 = 100% established; 2 9 = no stress; 3 9 = ideal 1.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

9


2016

2017

Mean

PST-5LYM Pro Gold PST-5BP0 Saltillo PST-53D2 PST-5T24 Kentucky 31 PST-5MCD Embrace PST-5BGR PST-5BRK PST-5FDR Dynamic II PST-5SDS PST-5STAR Coronado TDH Endeavor II Gazelle II PST-5Y8 Cumberland PST-5DAW PST-5DZP Swagger Lifeguard RainDance Tarnation GT Duration Moondance PST-5MINI Tar Heel II Virtue II Endure Picabú

7.71 7.7 7.3 7.0 8.0 5.3 6.0 6.3 6.7 6.0 6.3 7.0 6.0 5.7 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.0 5.0 5.7 5.3 6.7 6.0 5.0 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.3 6.3 5.7 5.3 4.7 3.7

8.7 8.0 7.7 7.7 6.7 9.0 8.0 7.7 7.0 7.7 7.3 6.7 7.3 7.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 7.0 8.0 7.0 7.3 6.0 6.7 7.3 6.7 7.0 6.7 7.0 6.0 6.3 6.7 5.7 6.3

8.2 7.8 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.0

1.2 13.1

1.6 14.2

1.1 10.5

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

Seed Yield Trial: Stem Rust

Entry

TALL FESCUE

Table 5. Mean stem rust ratings for entries in a tall fescue seed yield trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 9) near Hubbard, OR.

9 = no disease Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entry in bold italics is brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

10


14


PERENNIAL RYEGRASS Turf Performance 15

Table 6. 2017 mean turf performance ratings for entries in a perennial ryegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2016 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 2� mowing height.

Brown Patch + Gray Leaf Spot July

Turf Quality through July

PST-2A2 PST-2FLAT PST-2FOXY PST-2MAY Gray Wolf Silver Sport Benchmark Pangea GLR PST-2BET PST-2PDA Gray Hawk Silver Dollar PST-2BDT Silver Sun PST-2BD1 Bulk PST-2GTD PST-2SHRP New Sealand PST-2EGAD PST-2MKD PST-2SURV PST-2LTD Molalla Rainwater Brightstar SLT Carly GT24 PST-2STOL Basic Nui

6.31 5.7 6.5 6.5 5.8 5.8 6.3 5.0 6.2 6.7 4.7 6.3 6.0 5.0 5.3 6.7 5.0 5.5 6.3 5.3 3.5 6.0 6.2 5.3 5.5 4.8 2.3 2.0 1.7

6.32 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 3.0 1.9

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.9 21.3

0.8 8.7

Entry

9 = no disease; 2 9 = ideal 2 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entries in bold italics are brand new and coming soon

1


Entry

Turf Quality Oct-Feb Mar-June

Mean

Spring Transition 15 June 05 July

PST-2TETS PST-2STOL Gray Wolf PST-2M20 PST-2FLAT PST-2GTD Gray Hawk Silver Sun GT24 New Sealand PST-2MKD Estelle PST-2FOXY Gray Fox Carly Molalla PST-2BET Silver Sport PST-2EGAD Silver Dollar

2.01 4.0 6.2 5.0 6.0 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.2 5.1 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.9

1.7 3.8 6.1 5.1 6.4 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.5 6.7 6.3 6.0 5.6 5.3 6.4 6.3 6.5 6.4 5.5

1.9 3.9 6.1 5.1 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.3 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.4 6.2 6.0 6.3 6.2 5.7

8.02 7.0 6.0 5.7 5.0 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.3 4.7 5.7 5.3 5.3 3.3 4.0 4.7 4.3 3.3

9.0 8.0 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.0

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.7 7.4

0.6 6.7

0.6 6.1

1.7 19.6

1.9 18.0

9 = ideal; 2 9 = no visible ryegrass 4 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entries in bold italics are brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

PERENNIAL RYEGRASS

Table 7. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a perennial ryegrass winter overseeding trial seeded 3 October 2016 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

1

Turf Performance

OVERSEEDING PRG INTO BERMUDA | PST EAST

16


BEFORE

AFTER

DAY 16 OVERSEEDING CARLY PRG | INDUSTRY HILLS GOLF CLUB, CA


Entry

% Green Cover-Drought 06 July 24 July 28 July

Recovery 02 Aug

94.4 94.6 93.2 96.7 95.1 91.6 96.6 93.6 92.0 94.4 93.0 94.6 91.1 94.4 92.6 95.4 96.1 95.9 94.1 91.3 95.6 94.3 91.6 95.0 93.8 93.4 91.8 92.9 95.7 95.1 93.0 92.1 94.3 94.3 94.2 90.5 92.0 90.8 90.2 89.2 85.7 81.6

39.7 54.6 36.4 54.8 44.4 54.5 34.6 47.2 44.8 56.5 49.0 30.9 39.0 43.5 45.7 30.8 43.3 38.8 35.6 32.0 39.0 25.5 36.4 43.5 44.3 34.2 32.3 35.1 44.9 25.3 28.4 24.6 41.1 30.7 27.1 44.1 33.4 28.0 32.5 23.4 17.9 12.9

15.6 30.8 14.8 29.7 24.1 33.7 11.2 26.0 21.9 29.9 28.2 10.1 17.1 23.1 22.7 10.4 17.2 18.4 15.8 16.4 12.0 9.1 15.2 16.1 20.9 14.7 10.4 13.1 20.8 6.3 11.0 8.4 20.2 12.6 10.6 22.3 10.8 9.4 13.1 9.1 6.0 4.1

83.2 82.5 82.2 82.0 81.3 80.7 80.6 80.4 80.0 79.8 79.8 79.5 79.4 79.3 79.2 79.1 78.6 78.3 77.9 77.6 77.3 77.1 76.6 76.5 76.3 76.2 76.2 76.1 75.6 74.7 73.5 73.5 72.8 72.2 71.7 71.3 69.7 69.5 69.4 69.1 62.8 61.8

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

5.8 3.8

23.0 37.0

17.0 60.0

12.3 9.9

2.75 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied Feb - July Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entry in bold italics is brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

Drought Stress

Carly PST-2BET Brightstar SLT Silver Sport PST-2A2 Estelle Shining Star PST-2BD1 Bulk PST-2FOXY PST-2FLAT PST-2BDT Stellar Rainwater PST-2MAY PST-2PDA CSI Benchmark PST-2EGAD Pistol Gray Fox Jubilee Beckham Silver Sun Soprano Citation Fore Gray Hawk Manhattan 5 GLR New Sealand Wicked Silver Dollar PST-2GTD Salinas II PST-2SHRP Gray Wolf Manhattan 6 GT24 Fiesta 4 PST-2STOL Molalla Pacific Gem PST-2M20 Basic Nui

PERENNIAL RYEGRASS

Table 8. 2017 mean drought stress ratings for entries in a perennial ryegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2016 (Blk 4) near Hubbard, OR, maintained at a 1� mowing height and evaluated using digital image analysis.

18


PERENNIA L RYEGRASS Crown Rust 19

Table 9. Mean crown rust and turf quality ratings for entries in a perennial ryegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 4) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 1" mowing height.

Entry

Crown Rust 29 Sep 2016

Turf Quality 2016 2017 Mean

Silver Sport PST-2SHRP Gray Hawk PST-2A2 PST-2BDT Manhattan 6 Estelle PST-2REB PST-2PDA PST-2A12 Silver Dollar Silver Sun Pistol New Sealand Manhattan 5 GLR Molalla PST-2TFC PST-2M20 GT24 Gray Fox Shining Star Brightstar SLT Carly PST-2TETS PST-2TURF Bulk Basic Nui

9.01 7.0 6.7 8.7 6.3 6.0 4.7 6.3 6.3 8.3 4.3 5.7 4.7 5.0 5.7 4.3 6.0 4.3 4.0 3.7 2.3 4.0 5.7 6.3 6.3 7.0

7.82 7.1 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.7 3.6 3.4 3.0

7.7 7.5 6.9 6.9 6.6 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 2.5 2.6 2.4

7.7 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.4 3.0 3.0 2.7

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.4 16.4

0.5 5.3

0.7 7.1

0.5 4.8

9 = no disease; 2 9 = ideal 3.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entry in bold italics is brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

DR. JOHN SOROCHAN | SPEAKING @ PST EAST FIELD DAY 2017


TetraGain

Figure 2. Percent germination of perennial ryegrasses seeded at 50˚ F at the University of Massachusetts.

Silver Sun

PERENNIAL RYEGRASS Cold Germination 48° & 50°

Figure 1. Percent germination of perennial ryegrasses seeded at 48˚ F at the University of Massachusetts.

20


Entry Manhattan 5 GLR Estelle Pacific Gem Brightstar SLT Carly Wicked Gray Fox Citation Fore Fiesta 4 Silver Dollar Pistol Shining Star Stellar GT24 Benchmark PST-2TPR Soprano PST-3IP Salinas II PST-2LTD PST-2BDT PST-2RDY Silver Sun 1G Squared PST-2A12 PST-2SHRP Dominator Molalla Paragon GLR PST-2M20 Uno PST-2SURV CSI Gray Hawk Defender Pangea GLR PST-2K9 PST-2PDA PST-2USD Manhattan 6 GL-31 PST-2EB9 Bulk PST-2CITM PST-2DR9 PST-2MB9 Bulk PST-2TFC Amazon PST-2REB LSD (0.05) CV (%)

PERENNIAL RYEGRASS

Turf Performance

Table 10. 2017 mean turf performance ratings for entries in a perennial ryegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2014 (Blk 2) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height. % Green Cover - Traffic Stress* 18 Apr 16 May 13 June 29 June Before Traffic 24 Games 48 games 60 games 99.7 97.7 91.4 56.3 99.8 97.9 89.9 55.3 99.7 97.0 90.3 54.0 99.6 96.8 88.6 52.2 99.6 95.4 84.2 49.1 99.9 98.5 92.7 49.0 99.8 96.6 89.0 48.1 99.6 97.6 90.1 47.7 99.8 98.0 86.7 47.6 99.6 97.9 87.3 45.8 99.7 96.4 87.5 45.7 99.7 95.9 87.7 44.7 99.9 97.0 88.1 43.9 99.7 95.7 84.7 43.7 99.9 97.3 91.8 43.4 99.7 94.8 85.6 43.1 99.9 98.2 89.2 43.0 99.8 96.5 87.3 42.1 99.7 97.0 87.1 42.0 99.9 97.4 86.5 41.8 99.9 97.3 87.6 41.6 99.7 95.9 82.3 40.9 99.7 96.7 86.6 40.7 99.8 97.3 85.1 40.6 99.8 96.3 84.8 39.1 99.9 98.1 89.5 38.8 99.8 95.5 83.8 38.5 99.9 96.7 85.9 38.1 99.1 95.1 83.8 37.7 99.6 94.0 85.6 37.5 99.8 95.2 86.0 37.5 99.9 95.5 77.4 37.2 99.9 97.2 90.1 36.8 99.9 96.9 87.0 36.3 99.8 95.0 79.2 36.3 99.8 97.3 83.9 36.3 99.8 94.6 84.5 36.0 99.8 96.6 86.9 34.3 99.7 96.6 83.4 33.9 99.8 95.2 79.9 33.7 99.9 97.8 83.2 33.5 99.9 97.2 78.6 33.1 99.8 94.8 79.1 32.0 99.7 94.3 73.9 31.9 99.9 97.3 84.6 31.9 99.8 93.5 78.7 31.1 97.0 80.4 58.4 28.8 99.9 94.6 75.3 26.8 0.2 3.4 11.1 14.8 0.2 2.2 8.1 22.2

9 = ideal; *evaluated using digital image analysis; traffic was applied with a Cady Traffic Simulator 2.25 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

23

Turf Quality 16 Mar 21 Apr 6.01 6.0 7.0 7.7 7.0 7.3 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.0 7.0 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.0 5.7 6.7 7.3 7.0 6.7 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.3 7.3 7.3 7.0 5.3 7.3 7.7 6.0 6.7 7.0 7.3 6.0 6.3 6.7 6.3 7.3 7.7 7.3 7.3 6.3 5.3 6.7 7.3 7.3 7.7 7.0 6.0 8.0 8.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.0 4.7 5.7 7.7 7.0 6.7 6.7 7.0 6.0 6.7 7.0 7.0 7.3 7.3 6.7 7.3 6.7 7.3 6.3 6.7 7.0 6.0 7.3 8.3 7.3 7.0 7.0 7.7 6.7 7.3 6.3 6.7 7.0 7.3 7.0 6.3 3.7 2.3 7.0 6.3 1.0 1.1 9.3 10.0


Entry

28 Mar (11 ppt NaCl)

Percent Survival 20 Apr 03 May (16 ppt NaCl) (16 ppt NaCl)

08 May (20 ppt NaCl)

Carly PST-2GAL Silver Dollar PST-2BET Brightstar SLT Manhattan 5 GLR PST-2TFC PST-2FOXY PST-2EGAD PST-2PDA PST-2MAY PST-2GTD PST-2BDT Silver Sport

91.0 74.8 76.5 73.3 47.0 66.3 58.0 62.8 62.8 55.0 45.5 43.3 51.0 57.3

74.8 67.3 54.8 55.0 36.0 50.0 28.5 43.3 46.3 30.5 35.3 32.5 37.5 26.5

68.8 59.0 48.5 45.0 33.3 40.8 36.8 34.0 34.8 27.0 25.0 21.8 29.5 20.0

48.3 36.3 32.0 29.5 24.5 24.5 22.3 19.0 18.8 14.5 13.5 12.5 11.5 9.3

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

28.3 32.0

26.7 42.4

25.9 48.4

21.0 65.1

Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entry in bold italics is brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

PERENNIAL RYEGRASS

Table 11. Mean survival ratings for perennial ryegrass entries seeded October 2016, placed in a greenhouse salt bath near Hubbard, OR on 20 December, and evaluated during the spring of 2017.

Survival Ratings SALT STUDY | PST WEST

24


KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS Dollar Spot/Turf Quality 27

Table 12. Mean turf quality and dollar spot ratings for entries in a Kentucky bluegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2015 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 1� mowing height.

Turf Quality 2016-17

Dollar Spot 06 July 16

K14-155 Endurance Tirem K15-157 Moonshadow Desert Moon Jackrabbit 105-69 Sonora K11-118 Baron K15-167 Kenblue Julia PP-65762 K14-152 K13-137 Tumalo 11-7 K15-172 Moonlight SLT Right Jump Start T15-44 T15-46 K14-147 Merit Brooklawn K15-163A K14-151 Avalanche K13-141 Denali II K15-177 K13-139 K15-165

5.11 4.5 4.3 4.3 3.3 4.5 5.6 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 3.7 3.7 3.5 2.4 5.0 3.9 3.8 5.9 3.9 5.3 4.9 4.4 5.1 5.0 4.4 3.8 5.1 4.8 5.0 6.3 5.5 5.4 4.2 5.3 4.6

8.72 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.3 7.3 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.3 5.3

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.1 15.4

1.7 14.6

Entry

9 = ideal; 2 9 = no disease Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1


Entry

Est 8 wk

Stripe Rust 09 May

Leaf Spot 09 May

Stem Rust 01 June

Turf Quality Mean

T15-46 Jump Start Juliet Right Avalanche Jackrabbit K16-179 TX8-56 Desert Moon K15-177 Sonora K15-172 K16-178 K15-157 K13-139 K13-141 K16-180 Endurance Milagro 105-69 K15-163A K15-167 Pivot Blueberry Moonlight SLT Diva K13-137 K8-76NO K14-152 Thermal Blue Blue Ghost Hampton Julia Tirem Bluenote Midnight Princeton Brooklawn Babe Bedazzled Baron Courtyard Lunar Midnight II Ginney Kenblue

5.71 8.3 5.3 4.0 8.0 7.3 5.3 4.7 3.7 5.0 5.3 5.7 5.3 4.3 5.3 3.7 5.3 4.3 6.7 4.7 5.3 6.7 5.7 3.7 3.7 4.0 6.0 5.7 6.3 7.3 4.3 3.7 5.3 6.0 3.3 4.3 3.3 5.3 4.7 4.3 6.0 3.0 2.0 4.3 3.0 6.3

9.02 3.3 5.3 9.0 8.7 4.0 8.3 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.7 8.3 6.0 8.0 8.3 8.0 7.0 8.3 8.7 8.0 8.7 7.7 7.7 7.3 7.3 8.0 7.7 5.7 7.7 7.7 6.0 7.3 5.0 2.0 7.7 5.7 5.0 5.3 6.0 2.0 7.7 2.0 3.7 5.7

8.72 7.7 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7 7.0 8.7 8.0 7.3 7.7 8.0 7.3 6.0 7.0 8.0 6.7 7.7 5.7 7.7 6.3 7.0 8.3 7.3 7.3 7.0 7.7 7.3 7.0 5.7 7.0 5.3 6.7 7.0 6.3 6.3 7.3 6.0 6.3 6.7 6.0 5.0 7.3 6.0 5.0 2.0

8.72 6.3 7.3 7.7 8.0 6.0 7.0 7.0 8.7 7.0 7.3 8.3 7.0 6.7 7.3 7.7 8.0 6.3 7.3 7.7 5.3 7.3 6.3 3.3 4.0 6.7 2.7 5.3 7.7 5.3 5.7 5.3 4.7 7.0 5.7 4.3 6.7 4.7 6.3 5.7 5.7 5.0 6.3 4.3 5.0 6.7

7.03 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.0 3.3

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.9 22.9

1.3 12.0

1.8 16.6

1.6 16.0

1.2 14.1

9 = 100% established; 2 9 = no disease; 3 9 = ideal 4.25 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; Highlighted means are in top statistical group

KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS Turf Performance

Table 13. 2017 mean turf performance ratings for entries in a Kentucky bluegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2016 (Blk 10) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 1� mowing height.

1

28


KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS Drought 29

Table 14. 2017 mean drought stress ratings for entries in a Kentucky bluegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2016 in a rain-out shelter (Blk 9) near Hubbard, OR, maintained at a 2� mowing height and evaluated using digital image analysis.

Entry

16 June

% Green Cover 18 July 26 July

TX8-56 T14-35 K16-180 K15-163A K11-118 T15-46 K13-137 K13-141 Desert Moon K16-179 Sonora K15-177 Full Moon Tirem PP-48516 105-69 K15-172 K16-178 K14-152 K15-167 T15-43

95.4 96.3 96.9 91.5 95.8 96.9 93.8 98.5 98.5 95.2 96.8 94.9 94.2 97.2 94.1 92.8 93.6 88.3 94.0 91.8 94.5

57.6 59.1 39.0 40.6 47.0 48.3 38.6 49.4 45.3 46.2 42.7 31.3 38.6 41.5 26.0 25.0 26.0 18.2 20.1 14.3 16.1

31.0 27.8 19.9 19.1 18.9 18.4 17.7 16.8 16.1 14.6 14.6 13.4 13.1 10.3 10.0 7.9 7.9 4.5 4.4 4.1 2.6

90.6 87.2 67.6 84.6 85.2 83.9 84.4 84.9 84.7 68.5 81.3 57.4 69.9 75.3 72.9 80.1 71.3 44.9 60.2 43.2 69.4

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

3.4 2.2

23.5 37.9

15.9 65.8

19.7 16.2

9 = ideal; 2 9 = no drought stress 3.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied through Aug Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

11 Aug


Entry

Spring Green-up 09 Feb 16 1

Stripe Rust 29 Mar 16 2

Leaf Spot 30 Mar 16 2

Stem Rust 08 Aug 16 2

Winter Color 21 Dec 16 17 Feb 17

Turf Quality 2016 2017 Mean

6.0 5.3 6.7 5.7 7.3 6.7 5.3 4.3 5.3 6.3 6.3 6.7 6.0 6.0 7.7 6.7 8.0 6.0 6.3 6.7 7.3 6.3 7.0 6.7 7.7 6.7 6.0 6.7 6.0 7.0 5.3 7.7 6.3 5.7 6.0 6.0 4.3 7.3 7.3 5.0 5.7 6.0 5.3 6.3 4.7 3.7 6.7 4.0 5.7 6.7 6.3 4.7 6.3

7.0 7.3 6.7 7.7 8.7 8.0 8.0 7.7 6.3 7.7 7.7 8.3 7.3 7.7 7.3 7.0 9.0 7.7 8.7 7.3 9.0 8.0 8.3 6.7 5.0 7.0 7.3 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.7 7.7 7.3 7.3 6.3 7.7 6.0 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.3 6.3 3.7 7.3 6.7 6.3 7.0 6.0 3.3 8.0 3.3 4.3 6.0

5.7 7.3 6.0 7.7 8.7 7.7 7.0 6.7 4.7 7.7 6.7 7.3 7.0 8.0 7.0 5.7 8.0 7.0 8.3 6.3 8.0 6.7 8.0 5.7 4.7 4.7 6.0 7.7 6.0 6.0 4.3 7.0 6.7 4.7 5.3 6.3 5.0 7.3 7.0 5.0 5.7 6.0 5.0 5.7 5.0 4.7 6.3 5.0 5.0 6.7 4.7 4.3 5.3

8.0 8.3 7.7 7.0 6.0 3.7 7.3 6.0 7.3 6.3 8.0 7.7 4.7 8.0 4.7 8.0 5.7 7.7 5.7 8.0 5.0 6.0 6.3 5.7 6.7 6.3 6.7 7.3 5.3 6.0 6.7 5.3 6.0 5.0 6.7 5.3 6.3 4.7 5.0 7.3 5.0 7.3 5.7 4.3 5.3 5.3 6.3 6.0 5.3 6.0 5.3 6.0 6.3

4.7 8.3 8.3 6.3 5.0 5.7 6.7 7.7 7.3 6.0 4.0 7.3 6.3 5.0 4.3 7.0 5.3 5.3 4.7 6.0 4.7 5.7 6.0 3.3 5.7 5.7 5.7 6.3 5.3 3.0 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.0 8.3 5.7 3.7 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.3 6.3 3.3 3.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.3 3.7 3.0 3.3 2.3 4.0

3

31.2 57.5 70.8 60.4 44.5 51.3 55.9 50.7 62.3 57.3 50.3 63.7 40.8 42.5 51.9 46.1 47.0 53.8 48.5 49.5 46.4 61.6 53.4 42.9 66.7 52.7 50.0 53.6 55.1 53.0 70.8 51.1 43.6 52.5 64.5 69.9 49.9 52.8 48.9 53.3 50.9 56.2 36.4 41.3 41.7 51.4 49.7 52.9 32.2 38.8 30.4 41.5 36.6

4

6.8 6.5 6.7 6.5 7.0 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.5 5.9 7.1 5.7 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.4 5.9 6.2 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.2 5.8 5.4 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.7 5.4 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.5

5

6.5 6.5 6.3 6.3 5.7 6.6 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.0 6.4 5.9 6.4 5.3 6.4 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.8 4.9 5.5 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.5 3.2

6.7 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.0 3.9

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.4 15.0

1.4 12.6

1.6 16.9

1.3 13.5

1.1 13.4

9.6 12.1

0.9 9.4

0.8 9.2

0.7 7.6

Turf Performance

TX8-56 Desert Moon K13-139 Avalanche Denali II K13-137 K15-167 K15-172 K15-157 Babe Diva Juliet K15-177 T15-46 Prosperity Right Jackrabbit K14-147 T15-44 K13-141 Jump Start Endurance 11-7 Bluenote Hampton Lunar Sonora Tirem Northside Bedazzled K11-118 Ridgeline Moonlight SLT Milagro Big Blue Blue Ghost Brooklawn Julia K15-163A 105-69 Gaelic Princeton Courtyard Solar Green Thermal Blue Tumalo Full Moon Baron Midnight II Mallard Alexa II Abbey Kenblue

KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS

Table 15. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a Kentucky bluegrass turf trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 2) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

9 = 100% green; 2 9 = no disease; 3 9 = dark green; 4 = % green cover, evaluated using digital image analysis;5 9 =ideal 4.25 lb N/1000 ft applied in 2017 2 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

30


BLUEMUDA TRIAL Gregg Munshaw Turf Extension Specialist University of Kentucky The University of Kentucky Turf Science Program is conducting a ‘Bluemuda’ variety trial to evaluate bluegrasses for interseeding into bermudagrass for year-round compatibility and stand improvement. If you are not familiar with this idea of bluegrass and bermudagrasses being planted together, the idea began with a sports turf manager in the St. Louis, MO area who then brought it to me at UK for testing. We have now been conducting bluegrass/bermudagrass trials at UK since 2015 and have been very impressed at how well the species do together. During the fall, winter, and spring, the bluegrass is able to recover and stay green, and during the summer, the bluegrass adds color to the stand but the recovery comes from the bermudagrass. This concept was the talk of the 2017 STMA meeting in Orlando. We are now seeing this idea on all levels of sports fields in KY as well as on some golf fairways. We believe this idea is going to continue to grow in the coming years.

31


TRIAL PLOT KEY

Tirem

Full Moon

Right

Jumpstart

Desert Moon

P S T- K 1 5 - 1 6 0

Pivot

Riviera only 32


KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS Turf Performance

Table 16. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a Kentucky bluegrass low maintenance turf trial seeded fall of 2014 (Blk 2) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 1� mowing height during 2015-16 and a 4� mowing height in 2017.

Entry K10-110 Diva Bluenote Desert Moon K13-139 K13-141 K11-118 Sonora Right Avalanche K14-151 K14-152 Gaelic Royale Bedazzled K13-137 Endurance K14-155 Longhorn Jump Start Babe Juliet Prosperity T14-35 Jackrabbit Brooklawn K14-153 Lunar Moonlight SLT Alexa II Oasis Full Moon Hampton Midnight II Ridgeline Baron Julia Courtyard Midnight Milagro Solar Green Mallard Tumalo Abbey Kenblue Thermal Blue Park LSD (0.05) CV (%)

Stripe Rust 04/20/15 05/08/17 8.01 8.3 8.0 8.3 5.0 8.3 7.7 8.0 8.0 7.7 8.7 8.3 6.7 8.0 7.7 7.7 8.7 8.7 7.3 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.3 8.3 4.7 8.0 8.3 7.7 6.7 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.7 8.0 8.3 8.7 7.7 8.0 7.3 7.7 7.3 7.3 8.0 7.3 7.7 5.3 8.0 7.3 7.3 7.7 6.3 8.0 8.0 7.7 8.3 7.0 7.3 7.0 3.7 4.7 3.7 4.7 6.3 6.7 4.7 5.7 3.0 3.3 8.0 8.0 6.7 7.7 5.3 5.7 3.7 4.0 3.0 3.0 6.3 6.3 6.3 7.7 5.3 6.0 6.7 6.7 5.7 6.3 6.3 6.0 6.7 7.3 6.0 5.7 1.2 1.3 10.8 10.8

Seedheads 05/08/17 9.02 8.3 8.3 8.0 6.7 6.3 9.0 5.3 5.7 9.0 7.3 5.7 7.7 6.7 6.3 6.7 8.3 8.7 6.7 6.0 6.7 7.0 8.3 5.7 5.7 7.7 8.0 7.7 6.7 7.7 7.3 2.7 8.3 8.7 7.3 4.7 5.7 6.0 8.0 5.0 6.7 8.7 4.7 5.7 5.7 7.0 5.3 1.6 14.9

2015 6.63 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.1 6.0 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.4 6.0 6.1 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.9 6.1 5.5 5.3 4.9 6.1 5.2 5.5 5.6 6.0 5.0 5.4 6.0 5.6 4.6 5.5 5.3 5.6 4.1 5.4 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.3 4.2 3.9 0.8 8.8

Turf Quality 2016 2017 6.8 7.3 6.5 7.0 6.9 6.5 5.9 7.3 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.8 6.4 7.0 6.6 6.9 6.6 6.8 5.6 7.0 5.8 6.6 5.8 6.8 6.3 6.0 6.3 5.5 6.3 5.3 7.1 4.8 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.4 6.3 6.3 5.6 5.9 6.1 5.2 6.3 6.2 5.1 5.8 5.8 6.2 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.7 4.9 5.4 6.0 4.4 5.4 4.4 5.8 4.8 6.3 3.8 5.9 3.6 5.6 4.4 5.4 5.3 5.5 4.3 5.7 3.9 5.6 3.4 5.1 5.6 4.4 5.0 4.6 3.8 4.6 4.3 4.6 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.1 3.6 3.4 3.6 0.6 0.9 7.1 10.9

9 = no disease; 2 9 = no seedheads; 39 = ideal; *evaluated using digital image analysis 0.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; no supplemental irrigation applied Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

33

Winter Color* % Green Cover 02/10/16 92.6 94.3 95.3 95.8 94.1 96.5 96.1 94.6 94.5 95.5 87.9 91.1 95.7 94.4 96.8 90.5 93.6 92.4 96.8 96.1 93.6 96.3 82.7 94.1 97.1 94.0 79.3 93.1 87.7 94.5 96.4 95.1 96.8 92.8 96.3 93.8 97.9 92.9 92.8 88.6 89.1 91.1 90.1 82.5 91.5 82.0 88.5 4.5 3.1

Mean 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.6 0.6 6.7


Entry Bighorn GT PST-4BEN PST-4CRD-U Beacon PST-4RUE Enchantment Fairmont PST-4DR4 PST-4SWT Radar PST-4BND Shademaster III Xeric PST-4CRD-P PST-4ED4 Sword PST-4SP14 Blue Ray PST-4CHT PST-4SHR Aberdeen Soil Guard PST-4GRY PST-4SEA LSD (0.05) CV (%)

Species

Jan-Mar

Apr-Jun

July-Sep

Oct-Dec

Mean

American sheep Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping Chewings Chewings Strong creeping Chewings Chewings Hard Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping American sheep Chewings Chewings Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping Slender creeping

4.31 5.7 6.2 4.7 5.8 5.8 6.2 5.3 6.4 4.8 4.6 5.8 5.6 5.4 6.3 3.4 4.6 3.2 3.9 4.9 3.2 4.2 1.7 1.2

5.5 6.4 6.2 5.3 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.3 6.1 6.2 6.2 5.9 4.4 5.4 4.7 5.1 5.3 5.1 4.6 2.7 2.9

5.1 5.4 4.7 5.4 4.5 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.7 5.1 4.8 4.3 4.7 3.9 4.1 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.6 4.3 4.9 3.7 4.0 3.4

5.5 3.0 2.5 4.3 2.7 2.0 1.5 2.2 1.0 2.7 3.2 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.0 4.2 2.0 3.7 1.3 1.7 2.3 2.3 4.7 1.7

5.1 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.3

1.1 13.7

0.7 8.2

0.9 11.1

1.4 31.9

0.6 8.7

FINE FESCUE Turf Quality

Table 17. 2017 mean turf quality ratings for entries in a fine fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2016 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 3� mowing height.

9 = ideal 4 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group 1

SOIL GUARD & BIGHORN GT | 3 WEEKS OLD

36


Turf Quality

FINE FESCUE

Table 18. 2017 mean turf quality ratings for entries in a Chewings fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2016 (Blk 4) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 1” mowing height.

Entry Survivor PST-4SWT Fairmont Heathland Radar Enchantment PST-4SHR PST-4CHT Shadow III Seabreeze GT Shadow II Tiffany Eurocrown

Species

Mean

Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Slender creeping Chewings Chewings Chewings

6.71 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3

LSD (0.05) CV (%) 9 = ideal 3.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group 1

Table 19. 2017 mean turf quality ratings for entries in a strong creeping red and hard fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2016 (Blk 4) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 1” mowing height.

Entry PST-4BEN PST-4GUD Turf PST-4CRD-U PST-4RUE Bighorn GT PST-4ED4 Xeric PST-4BND Soil Guard PST-4CRD-P PST-4SP14 PST-4DR4 Foxfire Shademaster III Wendy Jean Relevant PST-4GRY LSD (0.05) CV (%)

9 = ideal 3.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

37

0.8 7.4

Species

Mean

Strong creeping Sheeps Strong creeping Strong creeping American sheep Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Hard Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping

6.01 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.6 3.2 0.7 8.1


Entry

2016

2017

Mean

Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Strong creeping Slender creeping Chewings Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping Chewings Strong creeping Slender creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping American sheep Chewings Strong creeping Strong creeping Chewings Strong creeping Chewings Hard Chewings Sheeps Hard American sheep Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Hard Strong creeping Strong creeping Chewings Hard

7.41 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.7 5.8 6.1 6.6 6.4 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.1 5.6 6.4 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.7 4.7 6.0 5.3 6.4 5.9 5.6 4.3 5.0 4.6 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.4 4.1 3.7

7.2 7.4 7.3 6.8 6.7 5.9 6.8 6.3 5.8 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.8 5.7 6.3 5.3 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.0 6.0 6.7 5.2 5.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.9 5.2 5.4 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.2 5.5 4.6

7.3 7.3 7.1 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.1

0.8 8.8

0.8 8.8

0.7 7.0

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

Turf Quality

Radar Rushmore Fairmont PST-4CHY PST-4ED4 Seabreeze GT Shadow II PST-4DR4 Beacon PST-R414 Bulk Enchantment PST-4BEN PST-4SEA Xeric PST-4SP14 Blue Ray Treazure II PST-4CRD-P PST-4RUE PST-4SHR Aberdeen Longfellow 3 PST-4BND PST-4CHT PST-4GUD Turf Sword Bighorn GT PST-4GRY PST-4RED PST-4CRD-U PST-4HDGT Bulk Minotaur Wendy Jean Boreal Shadow III Berkshire

Species

FINE FESCUE

Table 20. Mean turf quality ratings for entries in a fine fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 4) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 1� mowing height.

9 = ideal 3.25 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

38


Entry Radar Fairmont PST-4CHY Seabreeze GT Rushmore PST-4SEA Shadow II PST-4ED4 PST-4SHR PST-4BEN PST-4CHT Treazure II Xeric PST-4DR4 PST-4CRD-U PST-4GRY PST-4RUE Enchantment PST-4CRD-P PST-4SP14 Shadow III Boreal LSD (0.05) CV (%)

Species

2016

2017

Mean

Chewings Chewings Chewings Slender creeping Chewings Slender creeping Chewings Strong creeping Chewings Strong creeping Chewings Chewings Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Chewings Strong creeping Strong creeping Chewings Strong creeping

7.01 6.5 6.6 6.1 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.6 5.8 6.2 5.3 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 4.9 5.4 5.3 4.6 4.1

7.4 7.4 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.4 6.7 5.8 6.5 5.8 6.5 6.3 5.8 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.2 5.3 5.9 4.0

7.2 7.0 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 4.1

0.6 6.2

0.8 8.2

0.5 5.5

Turf Quality Quality FINE FESCUE Turf

Table 21. Mean turf quality ratings for entries in a fine fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 4) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

9 = ideal 3.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

40 40


Turf Quality Quality FINE FESCUE Turf

Table 22. 2017 mean turf quality ratings for entries in a low maintenance fine fescue turf trial seeded fall of 2014 (Blk 10) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 3� mowing height.

Entry Fairmont Heathland Radar PST-4BEN Beacon Seabreeze GT PST-4DR4-BS PST-4CHY Berkshire Sword Blue Ray PST-4SEA PST-4SHR Longfellow II Longfellow 3 Treazure II Wendy Jean PST-4SP14 PST-4ED4 Nanook PST-4CRD-P Shademaster III PST-4HES PST-4RUE Shadow II Bighorn GT Enchantment Xeric Quatro PST-4CRD-U PST-4GRY Minotaur PST-4RED Aberdeen Nordic Park Bench Shadow III PST-4C30D Boreal Tiffany Soil Guard PST-4BND PST-4CHT PST-4GRP

Species

Mean

Chewings Chewings Chewings Strong creeping Hard Slender creeping Strong creeping Chewings Hard Hard American sheep Slender creeping Chewings Chewings Chewings Chewings Strong creeping Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping Chewings American sheep Chewings Strong creeping Sheep Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping Strong creeping Hard Strong creeping Chewings Chewings Strong creeping Chewings Hard Hard Chewings Strong creeping

7.31 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.7

9 = ideal 0.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed

1

41 41


TEE-2-GREEN BENTGRASS PRODUCTS PURE SELECT

C RE E P IN G B E NT GRA SS

Pure Distinction

Product

Penn A-1

Penn A-4

Creeping Bentgrass

Creeping Bentgrass

Seaside II

Creeping Bentgrass

Creeping Bentgrass

PURE SELECT

C RE E P IN G BE NT GRA SS

Pure Select Creeping Bentgrass

PureFormance Fairway Blend

PF PURE SELECT

PURE DISTINCTION

C RE E P IN G BE NT GRA SS

CREEPING BENTGRASS

PURE SELECT

C RE E P IN G B E NT GRA SS

Salt-tolerant

PUREFORMANCE FAIRWAY BLEND

Uses

Greens

Greens, tees, fairways

Greens, tees, fairways

Greens, tees, fairways

Greens, tees, fairways

Fairways, tees

Traits

Pure Distinction has a distinctive, bright green color. Its dense and upright growth habit makes for true and smooth putting. It’s aggressive to recover quickly from damage. Pure Distinction also has excellent resistance to bacterial wilt, brown patch, anthracnose, fusarium patch, leaf spot, and dollar spot.

Penn A-1 is one of the finest bentgrasses ever produced. The ball rolls smooth and true when it’s Penn A-1 on the greens. It has the ideal traits for putting greens, and it’s an outstanding bent for fairways and tees. Penn A-1 also tolerates heat, humidity and cold equally well, and it stands up to high traffic and wear.

Penn A-4 ranks with Penn A-1 as one of the finest bents ever produced. Its high tolerance to heat, humidity and cold, and tough disease resistance make it easy to manage. Penn A-4 is the proven bentgrass that is synonymous with the finest putting greens possible. It’s also an excellent choice for fairways and tees.

Seaside II tolerates high pH conditions making it an excellent choice for greens, tees, and fairways on golf courses near seashore coastlines, and on courses with high pH soils, and/or where effluent water is used for irrigation. Seaside ll also has excellent disease resistance and exceptional turf quality.

Pure Select has an erect, super-dense growth habit for excellent turf quality and outstanding putting conditions. It is highly resistant to brown patch and Microdochium, and has exceptional dollar spot resistance. Pure Select also greens up quickly in the spring and maintains excellent density throughout spring, summer, and fall. Pure Select tops the charts for wear tolerance, making it a great choice for fairways and tees.

PureFormance Fairway Blend combines the best traits from three varieties, which offer a broad genetic diversity and the highest resistance to disease. It germinates and establishes quickly, stands up to traffic, and recovers quickly from damage. PureFormance Fairway Blend also has excellent heat and cold tolerance and greens up early in spring for great year round color.

7,032,058

5,334,900

4,886,975

5,757,345

6,536,023

6,787,428

Seeds per lb.

Recommended seeding rate is 1.0 to 1.50 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. for new plantings and 0.1 to 0.25 lbs./1,000 sq. ft. for interseeding.

Crystal BlueLinks

Penneagle II Creeping Bentgrass

PennLinks II

Penncross

Creeping Bentgrass

Creeping Bentgrass

Creeping Bent Blend

Creeping Bent Blend

Greens, tees, fairways, interseeding

Tees, fairways, overseeding

Greens, tees, fairways

Greens, tees, fairway mix

Tees, fairways, winter overseeding

Tees, fairways, winter overseeding

Crystal BlueLinks distinguishes itself from other bents with its remarkable turf quality and unique blue-green color. It’s an ideal bentgrass for greens, fairways, and tees. Crystal BlueLinks also resists brown patch and dollar spot. It tolerates hot and cold temperatures and grows extraordinarily well in shady and low light areas.

Penneagle II has a semi-erect, non-aggressive growth habit and medium-fine leaf texture, making it a great choice for tees and fairways. Penneagle II displays a dark green color, greens up early in the spring, and has excellent brown patch resistance.

PennLinks II has a semi-erect growth habit and good density. It displays a beautiful, dark green color and provides an excellent playing surface for greens, tees, and fairways. PennLinks ll also has good heat and drought tolerance, and resists dollar spot.

Penncross set the standard for bentgrass putting green excellence when it was first introduced in 1955. Today, Penncross remains the bentgrass most specified by architects and superintendents for golf courses worldwide. With an aggressive growth habit, Penncross recovers quickly from damage and divots, making it a great choice for tees. Penncross also tolerates both heat and wear well.

Pennway is an economical blend that’s great for tees, fairways, and overseeding. It has broad genetic diversity for reliable performance and provides an excellent playing surface in various soil types. Certified Pennway is also available.

PennTrio certified creeping bentgrass is a genetically diverse blend of Penncross, Penneagle II, and PennLinks II. PennTrio has all the strengths of a blend with ready-to-seed convenience and is a great choice for tees, fairways and winter overseeding.

6,787,428

6,841,786

7,031,226

6,056,075

6,500,000

6,300,000

Creeping Bentgrass

43 BENTGRASS. IT'S ALL WE DO.

Pennway

PennTrio


WHILE YOU’RE AT IT, JUST ADD SEED.

Interseed for improved playability, less downtime. Interseeding is a surprisingly effective way to cultivate a new grass variety in your greens and fairways without closing for months at a time. Select an aggressive Tee-2-Green bentgrass that will crowd out the poa just by adding the seed to your spreader every time you aerify. Interseeding is a gradual process that results in a seamless transition between your old, tired grass and a vigorous new bentgrass. And since Tee-2-Green bentgrass varieties thrive with fewer inputs and shorter heights, you’ll save money over the long run while improving playability and beauty while keeping your course open for play. You’re only as strong as your weakest turf.

BENTGRASS. IT'S ALL WE DO. www.tee-2-green.com | bentinfo@tee-2-green.com


BENTGRASS Turf Quality

Table 23. Mean turf quality ratings for entries in a creeping bentgrass green turf trial seeded fall of 2015 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.150� mowing height.

Entry

2016

2017

Mean

Pure Eclipse Pure Select Pure Distinction PC2.0 Penn A-1 007 PST-0RBS Penn A-4 Declaration Crystal BlueLinks Penneagle II Tyee V8 T-1 Seaside II Penncross

5.91 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.4 4.4 3.3

6.6 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.5 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.0 2.3

6.2 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.2 2.8

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.6 6.6

0.6 7.5

0.5 6.4

9 = ideal 5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; Entries in bold italics are brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group 1

Table 24. 2016-17 mean turf quality ratings for entries in a creeping bentgrass fairway turf trial seeded fall of 2015 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height. Entry 007 Pure Distinction Penn A-1 Pure Select Pure Eclipse Crystal BlueLinks Penneagle II Seaside II PC2.0 V8 Declaration Penn A-4 T-1 Penncross Tyee PST-0RBS

6.21 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.6

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.6 7.2

9 = ideal 3 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; Entries in bold italics are brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

45

Mean


Red Leaf Spot 30 Apr

Winter Color 20 Dec

Turf Quality Mean

Pure Eclipse Pure Distinction Pure Select PST-0RBS Focus 007 PST-0RPA Bulk Penn A-1 Pureformance Blend PC2.0 Penneagle II Penn A-4 Crystal BlueLinks Declaration Independence Tyee T-1 V8 PennLinks II SR 1150 Penncross MacKenzie Seaside II

9.3 21.7 13.3 8.3 15.0 7.0 5.3 8.0 20.0 7.7 11.7 13.3 14.3 0.0 1.7 9.3 13.3 4.7 6.0 0.7 15.0 3.0 7.7

8.71 8.3 7.7 6.0 6.7 6.0 6.3 5.0 6.0 6.3 7.0 6.3 4.7 5.7 6.7 4.0 4.3 4.0 6.3 2.3 6.0 2.7 3.0

6.32 5.0 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 4.3 6.0 5.0 6.0 5.0 6.3 5.3 5.7 4.7 5.3 4.3 5.3 4.0 4.7 4.3

8.03 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

11.2 70.0

1.7 18.6

1.1 12.7

0.8 8.2

Turf Performance

% Germination 1 wk

Entry

BENTGRASS

Table 25. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a creeping bentgrass green turf trial seeded fall of 2016 near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 0.125� mowing height.

9 = no disease; 2 9 = dark green; 3 9 = ideal 7.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entries in bold italics are brand new and coming soon; Highlighted mean is in top statistical group

1

46


GREATNESS GREATNESSDOESN’T DOESN’THAPPEN HAPPENOVERNIGHT OVERNIGHT

1–3 1–3 YE ARS YE ARS

1–2 YE 1–2ARS YE ARS

1 YE 1ARYE AR

COL LCOL ECTLECT NE WNE PLWA NPLT SA N T S

E VA LUAT E VA LUAT E UNDER E UNDER S T RES S T RES S S

CROS CROS S PASREN PA REN T PLTA NPLT SA N T S

Patience Patience is a is virtue, a virtue, but but when when the the results results looklook as good as good andand playplay as well as well as aas Tee-2-Green a Tee-2-Green course, course, we think we think it’s worth it’s worth it. That’s it. That’s whywhy it takes it takes a minimum a minimum of twelve of twelve years years to develop to develop our our seed. seed. To say To we sayknow we know bentgrass bentgrass is anisunderstatement. an understatement. It’s truly It’s truly all we alldo. we do.


1–5 1–5 YE ARS YE ARS

1–3 1–3 YE ARS YE ARS

SCREEN SCREEN PA REN PA REN T PLTA NPLT SA N T S

PRODUCE PRODUCE NE WNE VAWRIE VATRIE Y TY

AF TER AF TER 12–15 12–15 YE ARS YE ARS

H A RV H AESRVT ES SEED T SEED FOR FOR COURSE COURSE

BENTGRASS. IT'S ALL WE DO. BENTGRASS. IT'S ALL WE DO. tee-2-green.com tee-2-green.com


Turf Performance

BENTGRASS 49

Table 26. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a creeping bentgrass fairway turf trial seeded fall of 2016 (Blk 1) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

Entry

Est. 1 wk

Winter Color 20 Dec 17

Turf Quality through March 2017

Pure Distinction Pure Select PST-0RBS Pure Eclipse Penn A-4 Crystal BlueLinks Pureformance Blend Declaration PC2.0 Seaside II Penn A-1 PennLinks II Penncross Penneagle II Independence

6.31 6.3 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.7 6.0 2.0 4.3 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.7 4.7 1.7

5.02 5.3 4.7 5.0 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.7 6.3 5.0 6.7 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.7

6.33 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.3

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.4 17.6

1.0 10.6

0.9 10.6

9 = 100% established; 2 9 = dark green; 3 9 = ideal 5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entries in bold italics are brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1


Red Leaf Spot 27 June

Winter Color 20 Dec

Pureformance Blend Pure Distinction Pure Select Pure Eclipse Focus Penn A-4 PC2.0 Crystal BlueLinks Independence Penn A-1 PST-0RBS Penneagle II Declaration Kingpin MacKenzie PennLinks II Seaside II 007 Tyee Crenshaw Penncross SR 1150

7.31 6.7 6.0 8.0 5.3 4.0 7.3 6.7 6.7 4.0 6.7 5.7 4.0 5.3 4.0 4.7 3.0 3.3 4.0 3.3 5.0 3.0

5.72 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.0 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.7 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.3 4.7 5.7

6.33 6.2 5.8 5.0 6.2 6.0 4.8 6.2 5.2 6.2 4.8 4.7 6.0 5.3 6.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.3

7.7 7.3 7.2 8.0 6.8 6.3 7.5 6.0 6.8 5.3 6.7 6.3 5.0 5.5 4.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.3

7.0 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 4.8

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

2.1 24.2

1.1 12.0

1.2 12.7

1.3 12.8

1.0 10.5

Entry

Turf Quality 2016 2017 Mean

BENTGRASS Turf Quality

Table 27. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a creeping bentgrass fairway turf trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 1) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

9 = no disease; 2 9 = dark green; 3 9 = ideal 1.5 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Entries in bold italics are brand new and coming soon Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

50


Turf Quality

SEASHORE PASPALUM 53

Table 28. Mean turf quality ratings for entries in a seashore paspalum turf trial seeded summer of 2015 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

Entry

2016

2017

Mean

Neptune 33.3% ea. Neptune, Trident, Triton 50% Sea Spray; 25% ea. Neptune, Trident 50% ea. Neptune, Trident PCTM Trident RPVE Triton

6.11 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.0 5.3 5.4 4.9

6.3 5.7 5.7 5.5 6.2 5.7 5.4 5.3

6.2 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.1

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

1.3 13.3

0.9 8.8

0.9 9.8

9 = ideal 4 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1


Pure Dynasty Makes the Cut for Greens Turfgrass in New Caledonia Successful turfgrass selection is not a process for the faint of heart. Choosing the right turfgrass involves a combination of skills ranging from the scientific and agronomic to investigative and diplomatic. When Cynthia Dye McGarey tackled turf selection while designing Exclusiv Golf Deva in New Caledonia, the list of considerations far exceeded the number of plane connections required to travel from her base in the United States to the remote Oceania location. As a French Pacific island nation, New Caledonia imposes strict regulations on imports. This environmentally sensitive area with clay soil, tropical climates, and complex water issues presented turfgrass challenges. Although a decades-old variety of bermudagrass could be locally sourced and was used on other courses on the island, McGarey wanted to avoid its mutation issues and select a turfgrass more sustainable for the region. Keeping in mind the project’s goals as well as sustainability, water source, climate issues and more, McGarey narrowed her choice for the greens turfgrass to paspalum. Navigating complex importing issues led her specifically to Pure Dynasty® Seeded Paspalum. As the newest and most advanced seeded paspalum available, Pure Dynasty solved the problem of importing restrictions on vegetative product. “The seeded Pure Dynasty greens were cost-effective, smooth, and true with good speed,” said McGarey. Grow-in of the greens progressed smoothly with no issues of washouts or wind erosion that some seeded projects encounter. Pure Dynasty features a patented water absorbent coating called PureCoat+™ that enhances establishment and survivability. However, due to political and economic issues at the time, the greens experienced a period on maintenance neglect after the initial grow-in. “The greens sat for almost a year being minimally maintained,” said McGarey. Had she selected another variety of turfgrass, it may not have survived the neglect, but when the outside issues were resolved and the contractor took over the maintenance, the Pure Dynasty greens rebounded. “When Exclusiv Golf Deva finally opened, the greens were well received,” said McGarey. “By far, the best on the island. The owners were ecstatic with the golf course conditions.” Dr. Ron Duncan, a noted paspalum expert and developer of one of the parent strains in Pure Dynasty, consulted with the maintenance team at Exclusiv to develop agronomic practices to meet the unique challenges of the New Caledonia environment and ensure that the greens met the high expectations of the resort clientele as well as the demands of hosting tournaments such as the South Pacific Open Championship and the Amateur Golf World Cup. McGarey’s careful selection of Pure Dynasty as the greens turfgrass paid off and delivered benefits that have contributed to the project’s success. “In the flat light of the tropics, the color difference of Pure Dynasty helps the greens stand out and provide a better target,” said McGarey. “As part of a resort, I wanted [the greens] to be both challenging and playable for all levels of golfers. Pure Dynasty greens have good speed, but also allow the ball to slightly stick.” This helps players when the prevailing ocean breezes kick up in the afternoon. I got my wish to have paspalum greens in New Caledonia.” Pure Dynasty Seeded Paspalum was developed by Pure-Seed Testing, Inc. and is distributed worldwide by Atlas Turf International. For more information, visit pureseed.com or atlasturf.com.

54


EXCULIV GOLF DEVA | NEW CALEDONIA


Turf Performance

SEASHORE PASPALUM 57

Table 29. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a seashore paspalum turf trial seeded 7 May 2015 (Blk 1) near Hubbard, OR and maintained at a 0.125� mowing height.

Est 06/08/15

Entry

Est: % Green Cover* (2015) 06/12 06/15 06/19

Spring Green-up 04/01/16

Spring Green-up: % Green Cover* (2016) 04/07 04/12 04/15 04/20 05/04 05/20

Spring Green-up 05/31/17

Turf Quality 2016

1

49.5 46.2 21.4 29.3 44.1 30.1 47.2 28.2 4.6

51.0 48.1 29.5 36.7 48.6 33.1 64.8 39.7 7.4

63.6 67.5 61.6 65.5 74.2 57.0 84.9 70.6 16.9

2

4.3 3.3 3.0 3.3 2.7 2.3 1.3 1.7 1.7

28.5 21.0 12.2 17.2 20.2 14.8 4.5 9.2 7.0

50.9 43.0 25.6 34.0 40.1 27.6 11.5 21.3 20.9

69.7 57.2 41.8 49.6 56.6 41.5 19.0 32.1 27.3

79.6 69.9 58.8 62.3 68.8 48.2 31.3 47.3 31.6

90.7 86.9 78.6 83.2 84.8 61.3 53.0 60.4 50.2

90.4 86.6 82.3 86.3 88.3 66.1 63.4 69.6 59.6

2

PCTM Trident RPVF Triton Sea Spray

5.7 5.3 4.7 4.3 5.3 4.0 6.3 4.0 1.7

3.3 3.7 4.3 3.3 3.0 1.7 1.3 2.0 1.7

6.3 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.4 4.4 4.0 3.9 3.0

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

2.1 26.3

27.8 48.0

24.8 36.0

27.4 25.4

1.5 33.4

11.9 45.9

18.8 35.6

22.2 29.2

25.7 26.9

25.1 20.1

23.4 17.6

2.3 49.4

1.3 15.1

Neptune 50% ea. Neptune, Trident 33.3% ea. Neptune, Trident, Triton

50% Sea Spray; 25% ea. Neptune, Trident

9 = 100% established; 2 9 = 100% green; 3 9 = ideal; *evaluated using digital image analysis 2.75 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2016 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

PASPALUM TRIAL | ROLESVILLE, NC

3


Table 30. 2017 mean turf performance ratings for entries in a bermudagrass turf trial seeded May 2017 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

Germination 2 wk

July

Turf Quality Aug Sep Oct

Princess 77* 7.01 PST-R6TM 5.0 70% Princess 77*, 30% North Shore SLT* 6.3 PST-R6MM* 5.7 70% North Shore SLT*, 30% Princess 77* 7.0 33% North Shore SLT*, 33% Princess 77*, 33% Arden 15* 6.3 50% ea. Princess 77*, North Shore SLT* 6.3 PST-R6RR 6.0 Arden 15* 6.7 North Shore SLT* 7.0 Riviera 1.0 Transcontinental 5.7

6.92 6.8 6.6 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.9 3.9 5.3

7.5 7.0 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.8 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.2

7.7 7.3 7.0 7.0 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.3 5.7 5.7 5.0

7.7 7.2 7.3 6.8 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.7 7.2 6.0 5.8 5.3

7.4 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.1 5.3 5.2

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.9 8.7

0.8 7.1

0.9 8.2

1.0 8.5

0.7 6.5

BERMUDAGRASS

Turf Performance

Entry

9 = 100% established; 2 9 = ideal 3 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; *Pure Pro Component Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

Table 31. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a bermudagrass turf trial seeded summer of 2016 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height.

Entry Princess 77* Riviera PST-R6MM* PST-R6TM PST-R6RR PST-R6RED North Shore SLT* Gold Glove Transcontinental Yukon LSD (0.05) CV (%)

Spring Green-up 12 Apr 17

Turf Quality 2016 2017 Mean

5.01 6.7 4.7 4.0 4.0 4.7 2.7 2.0 2.0 3.7

6.62 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5 5.3 5.5 4.8 3.4

7.3 6.8 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 3.8

6.9 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.2 5.2 4.7 3.6

1.4 20.8

0.7 6.8

1.0 10.6

0.7 7.7

9 = 100% green; 2 9 = ideal 4 lb N/1000 ft 2applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; *Pure Pro Component Highlighted means are in top statistical group

1

59

1.0 10.2

Mean


Germination 2 wk

July

Turf Quality Aug Sep Oct

Princess 77* 7.01 PST-R6TM 5.0 70% Princess 77*, 30% North Shore SLT* 6.3 PST-R6MM* 5.7 70% North Shore SLT*, 30% Princess 77* 7.0 33% North Shore SLT*, 33% Princess 77*, 33% Arden 15* 6.3 50% ea. Princess 77*, North Shore SLT* 6.3 PST-R6RR 6.0 Arden 15* 6.7 North Shore SLT* 7.0 Riviera 1.0 Transcontinental 5.7

6.92 6.8 6.6 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.9 3.9 5.3

7.5 7.0 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.5 6.8 6.3 6.0 6.0 5.2

7.7 7.3 7.0 7.0 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.3 5.7 5.7 5.0

7.7 7.2 7.3 6.8 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.7 7.2 6.0 5.8 5.3

7.4 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.1 5.3 5.2

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.9 8.7

0.8 7.1

0.9 8.2

1.0 8.5

0.7 6.5

Entry

1.0 10.2

Mean

Table 33. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a bermudagrass turf trial seeded summer of 2015 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height (Trial 2).

Entry Princess 77* Riviera PST-R6MM* PST-R6TM PST-R6RR PST-R6RED North Shore SLT* Gold Glove Transcontinental Yukon LSD (0.05) CV (%)

Spring Green-up 12 Apr 17

Turf Quality 2016 2017 Mean

5.01 6.7 4.7 4.0 4.0 4.7 2.7 2.0 2.0 3.7

6.62 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.5 5.3 5.5 4.8 3.4

7.3 6.8 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 3.8

6.9 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.2 5.2 4.7 3.6

1.4 20.8

0.7 6.8

1.0 10.6

0.7 7.7

9 = 100% green; 2 9 = ideal 4 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; *Pure Pro Component Highlighted means are in top statistical group

Turf Performance

9 = 100% green; 2 9 = ideal 4 lb N/1000 ft 2 applied in 2017 Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; *Pure Pro Component Highlighted means are in top statistical group

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BERMUDAGRASS

Table 32. Mean turf performance ratings for entries in a bermudagrass turf trial seeded summer of 2015 near Rolesville, NC and maintained at a 0.5� mowing height (Trial 1).

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60


Turf Performance

BERMUDAGRASS 61

Table 34. 2017 mean turf performance ratings of bermudagrass cultivars seeded July 2016 at Mississippi State University and maintained at a 0.75� mowing height.

Spring Green-up 03 Mar

Leaf Texture 26 July

Turf Quality Mean

PST-R6RR Princess 77* PST-R6MM* PST-R6RED Riviera PST-R6TM Transcontinental Gold Glove North Shore SLT* Yukon

5.01 5.3 5.3 5.0 6.3 5.3 4.3 5.0 4.7 6.7

6.72 7.0 6.3 7.0 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0

6.83 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.5

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.8 8.7

0.6 5.1

0.4 3.7

Entry

9 = 100% green; 2 9 = finest texture; 3 9 = ideal 1 lb N/1000 ft 2/growing month applied in 2017; Irrigated to prevent drought stress Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; *Pure Pro Component Highlighted means are in top statistical group

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Shoot Densitya mg/cm3

Root Densityb mg/cm3

Root:Shoot Ratioc

Rhizome Densityd mg/cm3

Riviera PST-R6MM* PST-R6RR PST-R6TM PST-R6RED North Shore SLT* Princess 77* Gold Glove Transcontinental Yukon

24.1 27.9 27.7 23.1 29.5 21.7 35.3 14.6 15.7 17.8

1.7 2.2 2.7 2.8 2.3 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.1

0.24 0.28 0.33 0.39 0.26 0.33 0.17 0.36 0.25 0.23

9.5 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.3 5.9 5.9 4.9 4.7 4.4

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

9.5 23.3

1.3 37.9

0.2 47.7

4.2 34.7

Entry

Shoot, Rhizome, Root Density

Total clippings removed from three 5.6 cm-diameter plug samples per plot. Dormant bermudagrass had been maintained at 0.75�. b Rhizomes removed from three 5.6 cm-diameter x 6.2 cm-depth plug samples per plot. c Roots removed from three 5.6 cm-diameter x 6.2 cm-depth plug samples per plot. d Root weight divided by shoot weight. Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed; *Pure Pro Component Highlighted means are in top statistical group a

BERMUDAGRASS

Table 35. 2017 mean shoot, rhizome, and root densities of bermudagrass cultivars seeded July 2016 at Mississippi State University and sampled 14 November.

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FORAGES

Forage Yields

Table 36. 2017 mean forage yields for entries in a bermudagrass trial seeded summer of 2016 near Lexington, KY.

63

Entry

09 Aug (ton/A)

Chilly Verde CD90160 B-15.0087 BARRUB619 Wrangler Yukon

1.24 0.83 0.83 0.61 0.49 0.22

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

0.42 39.36

9 = no disease Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

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FORAGE PRODUCTION | OREGON, USA


Species

Mean 23 June

Orchardgrass Festulolium Tall fescue Orchardgrass Orchardgrass Orchardgrass

8.71 8.3 7.3 6.7 5.0 2.7

Entry Shawnee Spring Green Cowgirl Elsie Elise Potomac LSD (0.05) CV (%) 9 = no disease Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed Highlighted means are in top statistical group

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1.5 13.4

FORAGES Stem Rust

Table 37. 2017 mean stem rust ratings for entries in a forage trial seeded fall of 2016 (Blk 8) near Hubbard, OR.

64


Table 38. Mean disease ratings for entries in an orchardgrass seed yield trial seeded fall of 2015 (Blk 7) near Hubbard, OR.

Winter Disease 23 Nov 15

FORAGES

Disease

Entry

65

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Leaf Scald 28 Mar 16 07 June 17

Purple Eye Spot 28 Mar 16 15 Mar 17

Leaf Rust 06 May 16

Stripe Rust 01 June 16

Stem Rust 23 June 17

Shawnee Elise Porto Elsie PST-8SS Potomac

5.7 5.3 6.7 5.3 4.0 2.3

4.3 6.0 4.7 7.0 6.0 6.0

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8.3 6.0 5.3 5.7 4.3 2.0

1

8.3 7.3 4.3 8.3 7.7 7.3

1

5.0 6.3 2.7 7.0 6.7 7.7

1

8.7 7.3 7.3 6.7 5.3 4.3

1

8.3 7.0 6.0 5.0 3.7 1.3

1

9.0 8.0 8.0 6.3 6.7 5.3

LSD (0.05) CV (%)

2.0 22.6

2.1 20.1

1.4 14.9

1.8 13.8

2.0 18.2

1.6 13.1

1.0 10.9

1.2 9.3

9 = no disease Entries in bold are available from Pure Seed

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