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Jefferson County

outdoors oCtober 2013

©2013 The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors


Saturday, October 12 at

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(BPT) – Crisp air, changing leaves and cozy knit sweaters signify the return of autumn. Fall can be a busy time for most families, juggling back-to-school routines, carpools, homework, after school events and sports practice. Now is a great time to slow down, bring the whole family together and enjoy all of the exciting activities fall has to offer. Here are a few fun ways to spend quality time with your family and relish in fall to the fullest: 1. Visit an apple orchard. This is a great way to make the most of the beautiful fall weather and do something active with the family. Use apples to make apple sauce, a tasty tart or just slice them up for a great on-the-go snack. Try unique apple varieties you’ve never tried; they all taste a bit different! Pack a picnic for the orchard and include Marzetti Caramel Dip Snack Packs to dip the apples you pick. The dips are an easy and fun way to treat your family to the flavors of fall. And with varieties like Old Fashioned and Fat Free, there’s something for everyone to enjoy.

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2. Go for a nature walk. With the vibrant, colorful leaves and the cool, crisp air, autumn is a great time to get your family outdoors and learn more about nature in a local nature preserve or state park. Pick up a few fall mementos along the way to integrate into crafts. For example, bring home some colorful leaves and decoupage them onto the outside of a mason jar to create a seasonal fall candle holder, or create a lively fall-inspired canvas incorporating several different leaf shapes and colors. 3. Gear up for Halloween. Host a Halloween themed get-together by incorporating fun foods the kids can help prepare and will love to eat! Use a pumpkin-shaped cookie cutter to create cut-out cookies and involve the kids in decorating – with everything from sprinkles to frosting. Or, for a quick and easy themed treat, try making marshmallow lollipops drizzled with chocolate or caramel dip, then use chopped nuts or candy bits to make ghoulish faces. 4. Visit a local farmers market. Fall offers a whole new reper-

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toire of amazing fresh fruits and vegetables. Encourage your kids to try new items like figs, acorn squash or cauliflower. If they find samples that they enjoy, purchase a few and find a way to incorporate them into your next meal. You can also buy items such as tomatoes and pickle peppers in bulk, and then can at the end of season to store for the long winter ahead. 5. Have a bonfire. As the weather cools down, bonfires are a great way to stay warm at night and make lasting family memories. Gather everyone together and reconnect by huddling around the fire in cozy blankets. Pour mugs of warm apple cider and munch on Nutty Caramel Popcorn while swapping ghost stories over the glow of the fire. Nutty Caramel Popcorn Ingredients: 1/2 cup Marzetti Old Fashioned Caramel Dip 2 tablespoons butter 8 cups popped microwave plain popcorn 1/2 cup peanuts Directions: Preheat oven to 250 degrees. Spray a 13-by-9-inch baking dish with nonstick cooking spray and set it aside. Melt butter in small saucepan. Stir in dip; simmer over low heat five minutes, stirring frequently. You can even substitute other Marzetti dip flavors, like Peanut Butter Caramel or Sweet and Salty Caramel, for a tasty twist. Pour mixture over popcorn and peanuts in prepared dish. Stir until evenly coated. Bake 30 minutes, stirring every 15 minutes. Cool completely in dish on wire rack, about 45 minutes. For more family-friendly fall food inspiration and to find information about other tasty recipes, visit Marzetti Kitchens.

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- Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013

Five fun and affordable fall activities your family will love

To reduce Lyme disease risk, keep For All Your Hunting Needs Large Selection tick-carrying deer out of your yard of guns & Ammo

Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013 - 3

(BPT) – Colder weather’s a r r iva l m e a n s h o m e ow n ers across the country brace themselves for the battle against bold, foraging deer. But with recent reports that Lyme disease, transmitted by ticks that live on deer, is even more prevalent than health officials once thought, keeping deer away from your backyard is not just a cosmetic or financial issue any more. Your success at deterring deer could directly affect your family’s health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently estimated about 300,000 cases of Lyme disease are diagnosed each year. Only about 30,000 of those actually get reported to the CDC. Many more likely go undiagnosed since Lyme symptoms can mimic other ailments and even disappear altogether for a time. Lyme disease is now the most common tick-borne illness, according to the CDC, and its health consequences can be severe. Lyme disease is named for the river-side Connecticut town where it first emerged in 1977. A number of children in the area began exhibiting arthritis-like symptoms, a hallmark of the disease. A bull’s-eye target-shaped rash at the bite location may be the first indication that a person was bitten by a tick carrying Lyme disease, but not everyone will see or develop the rash. Symptoms such as joint pain, headaches, neck stiffness and heartbeat irregularities may get mistaken for flu or other illnesses. In the northeast, mid-Atlantic and north-central states, deer ticks carry the disease. On the Pacific Coast, blacklegged ticks (who also like traveling on deer) spread Lyme disease, the CDC says. Ye a r- r o u n d , e s p e c i a l l y during fall and winter, you should check your own body, children and pets for ticks. Deer ticks are often so small you won’t even feel their bite, so visual inspection is important. If you suspect you’ve been bitten, talk to your doctor right away. The CDC says that reducing your exposure to ticks is the best defense against contracting Lyme disease. While you can’t vaccinate your family against Lyme disease (the vaccine maker stopped pro-

duction in 2002, citing lack of consumer demand), you can “vaccinate” your backyard against deer that carry Lymebearing ticks. Keeping deer away from your backyard can help reduce your chances of encountering ticks in your home environment. Look for a proven effective, natural deterrent that has been independently tested, like Bobbex Deer Repellent. The topical foliar spray uses taste and smell aversion ingredients to deter deer, moose and elk from browsing and causing other damage to ornamental plantings, shrubs and trees. Safe for use on even the most sensitive plantings, as well as around children and pets, Bobbex works in any climate and will not wash off after heavy rain or snow. The Connecticut Department of Forestry and Horticulture tested Bobbex Deer Repellant against 10 top competitors and found it to be 93 percent effective, second only to a physical barrier, such as a fence, in keeping deer away. To learn more, visit www. As part of your deer and Lyme prevention efforts, keep these facts in mind: • Prevention is easier than cure, in both cases. Even after treatment with antibiotics, 10 to 20 percent of Lyme patients have symptoms that last for months or even years, the CDC reports. Once deer move into your yard, they can be difficult to evict, and they can cause hundreds of dollars in damage. It’s easier to keep deer away and avoid Lyme altogether than to rectify the problems created by deer and the ticks they carry. • A single whitetail deer can consume 8 to 12 pounds of foliage a day. • Home remedies rarely work for keeping deer away, and trying to treat Lyme on your own can have severe health consequences. Untreated Lyme disease can cause arthritis, severe joint pain and swelling, and even chronic neurological problems such as numbness, tingling in the hands or feet and short-term memory problems, the CDC says. • Even though many plants, bushes and trees will lose their leaves during fall and winter, it’s important to continue applying deer repellents

year-round. Remember, deer forage aggressively when food becomes scarce. Fall and winter are the times when they’re most likely to enter your yard, bringing their disease-carrying cargo with them while ravaging your foliage, trees and shrubs. For more information on repelling deer, visit www.

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Offers good on new and unregistered units purchased between 7/30/13-10/31/13. *On select models. See your dealer for details. Rates as low as 2.99% for 36 months. Approval, and any rates and terms provided, are based on credit worthiness. Fixed APR of 2.99%, 6.99%, or 9.99% will be assigned based on credit approval criteria. Other financing offers are available. See your local dealer for details. Minimum Amount Financed $1,500; Maximum Amount Financed $50,000. Other qualifications and restrictions may apply. Financing promotions void where prohibited. Offer effective on all new and unused 2008-2014 Polaris ATV, RANGER, and RZR models purchased from a participating Polaris dealer between 7/30/2013 and 10/31/2013. Offer subject to change without notice. Warning: The Polaris RANGER® and RZR® are not intended for on-road use. Driver must be at least 16 years old with a valid driver’s license to operate. Passengers must be at least 12 years old and tall enough to grasp the hand holds and plant feet firmly on the floor. All SxS drivers should take a safety training course. Contact ROHVA at or (949) 225-2560 for additional information. Drivers and passengers should always wear helmets, eye protection, protective clothing, and seat belts. Always use cab nets or doors (as equipped). Be particularly careful on difficult terrain. Never drive on public roads or paved surfaces. Never engage in stunt driving, and avoid excessive speeds and sharp turns. Riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. Check local laws before riding on trails. ATVs can be hazardous to operate. Polaris adult models are for riders 16 and older. For your safety, always wear a helmet, eye protection and protective clothing, and be sure to take a safety training course. For safety and training information in the U.S., call the SVIA at (800) 887-2887. You may also contact your Polaris dealer or call Polaris at (800) 342-3764. ©2013 Polaris Industries Inc.

Pennsylvania’s statewide archery deer season began last Saturday, and its return has prompted the Pennsylvania Game Commission to issue some helpful reminders. Archers can hunt statewide for antlered or antlerless deer from Oct. 5 to Nov. 16, and during the late archery deer season, which runs from Dec. 26 to Jan. 11. At the time of the statewide opener, archery hunters in three urbanized areas of the state will have had a twoweek head start to their seasons. Again this year, an early season for antlerless deer was implemented in WMUs 2B, 5C and 5D. That season kicked off on Sept. 21. Bowhunters in WMUs 2B, 5C and 5D, also may take antlered and antlerless deer during an extended late archery season, which runs from Jan. 13 to Jan. 25. Archery hunters may use a long, recurve or compound bow, or a crossbow. Bows must have a draw weight of at least 35 pounds; crossbows must have a minimum draw weight of at least 125 pounds. The Game Commission encourages hunters to spend as much time as possible afield this fall prior to and during the hunting seasons to pattern deer movements and identify areas where fall foods are abundant. “Hunt as often as you can, and scout every time you head afield,” Game Commission Executive Director Carl G. Roe said. “Try to figure out which food sources deer are using. And pay attention to prevailing wind direction. These adjustments really can make a difference.” Those participating in the archery seasons are urged to take only responsible shots at deer to ensure a quick, clean kill. For most, that’s a shot of 20 yards or less at a deer that is broadside or quartering away. Archery and crossbow hunters should shoot only at deer that are within their maximum effective shooting range – the farthest distance from which a hunter can consistently place arrows or bolts into a pie pan-sized target. Hunters may use illuminated nocks for arrows and bolts; they aid in tracking or locating the arrow or bolt after being launched. However, transmitter-tracking arrows still are illegal. It also remains illegal to use dogs to

track wounded deer. Tree stands and climbing devices that cause damage to trees are unlawful to use or occupy unless the user has written permission from the landowner. Tree stands – or tree steps – penetrating a tree’s cambium layer cause damage, and it is unlawful to build or occupy tree stands screwed or nailed to trees on state game lands, state forests or state parks. Hunters are reminded that Game Commission regulations limit the placement of portable hunting tree stands and blinds on state game lands from two weeks before the opening of the first big game season – which is the archery deer season – to two weeks after the close of the last big game season – which is the late archery deer season – within each respective Wildlife Management Unit, excluding the spring gobbler season. Stands must be removed from state game lands two weeks after the late archery deer season. “Hunters need to remember that placing a tree stand on state game lands does not reserve a hunting area,” Roe said. “The first person to arrive in a certain spot has the right to hunt that area.” Other safety tips bowhunters should consider before heading afield and while hunting include: • Make sure someone knows where you’re hunting and when you expect to return home. Leave a note or topographic map with your family or a friend. Pack a cellular telephone for emergencies. • Always use a fall-restraint device – preferably a full-body harness – when hunting from a tree stand.

Wear the device from the moment you leave the ground until you return. Don’t climb dead, wet or icy trees. Stay on the ground on blustery days. Get in good physical condition before the season starts. Fatigue can impact judgment, coordination and reaction time, as well as accuracy. Staying physically fit makes a difference. • Always carry a whistle to signal passersby in the event you become immobile. A compass and matches or lighter and tinder also are essential survival gear items to have along. An extra flashlight bulb also can be helpful. • Use a hoist rope to lift your bow and backpack to your tree stand. Trying to climb with either will place you at unnecessary risk. • Don’t sleep in a tree stand! If you can’t stay awake, return to the ground. • Always carry broadheadtipped arrows in a protective quiver. • If you use a mechanical release, always keep your index finger away from the trigger when drawing. • Fo l l ow t h e m a n u fa c turer’s recommendations for all equipment and check your equipment before each use. • Practice climbing with your tree stand before dawn on the opening day of the season. Consider placing non-slip material on the deck of your tree stand if it’s not already there. • Never walk with a nocked, broadhead-tipped arrow or bolt. • Cocked crossbows should always be pointed in a safe direction. (Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Game Commission)


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4 - Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013

Tips for bowhunters going afield

Fall perfect for beginners to learn the art of smoking meat Many people associate barbecuing and grilling with cooking outdoors. But smoking food is another way to create succulent, fall-off-the-bone meat and poultry outdoors. S m o k i n g m e a t s i nvo l v e s cooking the food over a low temperature in a smoky environment for several hours, sometimes overnight. The low temperature, between 180 and 220 F, causes the wood and charcoal used to smoke and smolder rather than burn. This is what imparts a smoky flavor to whatever is being cooked. Although there are specialized smokers available for sale, you can also smoke foods with a regular barbecue grill or even a homespun creation. There are two methods of smoking:dry and wet. Dry smoking uses indirect heat to cook the food, while wet smoking employs a water pan to produce moisture that keeps temperatures consistent and may help keep food tender. For those who run out and purchase a new smoker, most smoking experts advise seasoning the smoker prior to first use. Much as you would season a new cast-iron pan or other cooking appliance, you can season a smoker to ensure there aren’t any chemicals or oil residues from manufacture left on the smoker. Otherwise, you may

transfer a chemical taste to your meal. Set up the smoker according to the directions. Allow it to run for at least two hours to burn off any residue. Afterward, you should be able to smoke your first piece of meat. There are a few tips to consider before embarking on your first smoking adventure. Always keep the water pan full if you are doing a wet smoke. The water will help to keep food tender. When smoking for the first time, start out with a small amount of wood or aromatics in the smoker to experiment with flavor. You can always add more the next time for an intense smoky flavor. Wood chips and any other additions to the smoker may last longer by wetting the chips and then bundling them in a foil packet. Punch holes into the packet and place it on the coals. Certain foods work better with smoking than others. Oily fish, pork, beef, lamb, and game meats are some of the best options. Poultry can also be smoked, but be advised the skin on a turkey or chicken may not stand up well to intense smoking. It may need to be removed prior to eating. Pairing food with the right woods can also create an enj oy a b l e f l avo r. A l d e r wo o d produces a delicate flavor, as d o e s a p p l e a n d c h e r r y. Fo r

more assertive smokiness, try hickory, oak or pecan. Mesquite is still full-bodied but lighter than the other woods and creates a sweeter flavor. Aromatics, such as herbs, fruit peels or cinnamon sticks, also can be added to produce even more flavor. Aromatics with a high oil content will produce a stronger flavor. Putting a rub on food prior to smoking can also give it added flavor. Many chefs also like to brine foods, especially poultry, to help tenderize the meat before smoking. While the meat is smoking, resist the urge to take off the

cover and check it frequently. This will allow the heat and smoke to escape. You may end up extending the cooking time eve r y t i m e y o u r e m ove t h e cover. Only open the smoker to refill the water tray if you are doing a wet smoke. Much in the way an indoor slow cooker needs to remain closed to cook efficiently, so does a smoker. Many people prefer to do their smoking during daylight hours ra ther tha n leaving a smoker unattended during the night. In this case, you may need to wake up very early to put the meat on to ensure it is cooked at mealtime. Ribs can

take 5 to 7 hours to smoke, while briskets and roasts may need an hour or more per pound. Always use a thermometer to check internal temperature before serving smoked meats. As you gain experience, you may be able to better judge the cooking times needed for certain foods. Start with meats that are at room temperature before placing them on the smoker. Smoked foods can be flavorful and tender. They may take a little longer to achieve than other cooking methods, but most home chefs find the results are worth the added effort.

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Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013 - 5

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Turkey hunters urged to put safety first of safe turkey hunting. Good hunting habits prevent accidents.Never stalk a turkey or turkey sound. Movement or sounds you think are a turkey may be another hunter. Be patient. Let the bird come to you. Assume every noise and movement is another hunter. If there is any doubt whatsoever — don’t shoot. Protect your back. Select a large tree, rock or other substantial natural barrier while calling. Hunt in open woods. Shout “Stop” to alert approaching hunters. Never move, wave or make turkey sounds to alert hunters of your position. Eliminate red, white and blue from your clothing. These colors are found on the head and neck of mature gobblers. Pre-select a zone of fire. Shoot at a turkey only in that predetermined zone — and only when you’re certain it’s safe to do so. Choose safe and ethical hunting companions. Know where they are at all times.

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Hunt defensively and be on the alert for those who don’t. Make your position known to other hunters. Wear fluorescent orange when moving thorough the woods, particularly while carrying a bird. Display orange at your calling location. To alert other hunters of your presence, wrap an orange band around a tree. (Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Game Commission)

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6 - Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013

The primary cause of turkey hunting accidents is hunters not properly identifying their targets. These incidents occur when hunters hear sounds, see movement or perceive a flash of color they believe to be made by a turkey. Before positively identifying the target as being a legal bird, they shoot. Whether it’s the excitement of the hunt or just poor judgment, these mistakes have caused injury, and in some cases, death to human beings. Significant improvements have been made in recent years by educating turkey hunters and enacting fluorescent orange regulations. There is still room for improvement. You can do your part to make turkey hunting even safer by following these safety tips: Positively identify your target. Be absolutely certain it’s a legal turkey before pulling the trigger. Be sure the shot path to the bird and beyond is safe. Practice courtesy and selfcontrol at all times. Observe all written and unwritten rules

Closing st Decemberex1t See you n year!

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From services to housekeeping and from financial management services Now, companion Christ The King At Home continues the to medication assistance, Christ ThetoKing tradition by bringing greater comfort thoseAt Home provides safe and effective care in theare comfort and security of your own home. who at home. If you are having difficulties caring for yourself, your family or your home because reasons, the first answer is Christ The King At From companion servicesof to health housekeeping We will be happy to explain all of the services available on an hourly, and fromHome. financial management services to daily, weekly basis and how cost effective home care is to hospitalization or medication assistance, The King At Home provides safe and effective nursing homeChrist placement.

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Mini-mudrooms keep weather messes at bay • a basket for pet leashes or keys • a rack for wet umbrellas • shelves to store dry towels to dry off pets or people Next, assess how much space you have to devote to a mudroom. Keep in mind that you may be able to find an antique piece of furniture that combines the bench with hooks and even a mirror at an antique store or online. Otherwise, it can be fashioned easily with just a few materials. For those who have adequate space in their entryway, a two-seater bench is a must. To add decorative flair, cover a cushion sized to the bench with a water-resistant fabric designed to be used outdoors. This way kids or adults with damp coats or pants will not ruin the cushions when they sit down. If space is limited, a simple stool tucked into a corner provides a place to sit. Stow a few wicker storage bins under the bench. These can be assigned to each member of the family and be used to hold backpacks, gloves and hats or even sports gear. If there isn’t much room beneath the bench, purchase inexpensive boot trays that can keep wet shoes from puddling right on the floor. You will find that wellplaced wall hooks can tidy up a mudroom or foyer quite easily by having a place

WILD TURKEY (Male or Female): WMU 1B – Nov. 2-9 and Nov. 28-30; WMU 2B (Shotgun and bow and arrow) – Nov. 2-22 and Nov. 28-30; WMUs 1A, 2A and 2D – Nov. 2 –16 and Nov. 28-30; WMUs 2C, 2E, 4A, 4B and 4D – Nov. 2-22 and Nov. 28-30; WMUs 2F, 2G and 2H – Nov. 2-16 and Nov. 28-30; WMUs 3A, 3B, 3C, 3D, 4C and 4E – Nov. 2-22 and Nov. 28-30; WMU 5A – Nov. 5-7; WMUs 5B, 5C and 5D – Closed to fall turkey hunting. DEER, ARCHERY (Antlerless Only) WMUs 2B, 5C and 5D: Nov. 18-30. One antlerless deer with each required antlerless license. DEER, ARCHERY (Antlered and Antlerless) WMUs 2B, 5C

and 5D: Jan. 13-25. One antlered deer per hunting license year. One antlerless deer with each required antlerless license. DEER, ARCHERY (Antlered and Antlerless) Statewide: Oct. 5-Nov. 16 and Dec. 26 -Jan. 11. One antlered deer per hunting license year. One antlerless deer manufacturer of roofing & accessories with each required antlerless Commercial & residential license. • 40 Year Lynx • 20 Colors SQUIRRELS, Red, Gray, Black and Fox (Combined): • 25 Yr. Bare Galvalume Oct. 19-Nov. 30; Dec. 16-24 and Great Service With Next Day Pick-Up Dec. 26-Feb. 22 (6 daily, field ContraCtors weLCome possession limit of 12). RUFFED GROUSE: Oct. Leave message: 814-427-2921 “DeLiveries avaiLaBLe” 19-Nov. 30, Dec. 16-24 and Dec. 26 -Jan. 25 (2 daily, field Open MOn.-Fri. 6 a.M. tO 5 p.M.; Sat. 8 a.M. possession limit of 4). tO 3 p.M.; ClOSed Sun. & HOlidayS (Courtesy of the Pennsylvania 444 rte. 410, Punxsutawney Game Commission)


for just about everything. These hooks can be used to keep coats until they are dry enough to hang in the closet. Hooks can hold hats and tote bags. To make the space look more like a home and less like a locker room, think about adding a few hooks that simply hold decorative plaques or artwork to break up the utility of the space. A table or a shelf right inside the door can be a place to store mail and keys. It also may be a place to serve as a transfer station of important paperwork that should be brought to school or work. Some people do not have any usable space to use as a mudroom. In these instances, why not turn a coat closet into a mini-mudroom? Take off the door of the closet so the space then becomes an alcove. Frame it with decorative molding and paint the interior walls a complementary color or use beadboard or wallpaper for texture. Slip in a free-standing bench that fits the width of the closet, or create a bench that attaches directly to the interior wall. Add a coat rack and a basket to store shoes, and you have a functional space. Keep in mind that while mudroom items are primarily meant to be functional, that doesn’t mean they can’t be stylish, too. Coordinate fabric patterns or wood colors with the decor in the rest of your house. If and when you cannot find pieces that fit the dimensions of the space you have, think outside the box and build them yourself.

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Shippers and Producers of Bituminous Coal Surface Mining

Coal Co. INC. 240 W. Mahoning St., Punxsutawney • 938-7660

P. Timothy Smatlak, D.M.D. Amy Peace Gigliotti, D.M.D. Ronald J. Walker, D.M.D. Michele L. Stossel, D.M.D. 938-8554 938-5800

new patients welcome

• Participating With Blue Shield-Delta     & Discount Plan Plus • Insurance Plans Accepted • Handicapped Access • Emergency Treatment • Evening Appts. Available • Parking Available


203 Clearfield Avenue, Punxsutawney

- Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013

C o n t e n d i n g w i t h s n ow and ice can be hassle enough without also facing slushy and wet messes indoors. After spending time outdoors in wintry weather, people inevitably track in sand and debris from the outside. Not only can this leave floors unsightly but it also creates a slipping hazard. Men and women who live in multi-season climates know how invaluable a mudroom can be. When snow, mud, rain, and even summer sand gets lodged in footwear and gear, a mudroom is the perfect place to keep it from spreading throughout the rest of the house. Unfortunately, n o t eve r y h o m e ow n e r o r renter has the space available for an entire room devoted t o s l o p py b o o t s a n d w e t mittens. However, a minimudroom can be created even in a small alcove. Thinking creatively can help you turn an entryway, or even a closet, into a small mudroom. Equipped with just the essentials, this space will not lack in form or function. To get started, think about what is housed within a mudroom. You are sure to find a few key elements: • a bench for putting on and taking off shoes • hooks for coats, scarves and hats • trays for wet boots and shoes • cubbies or baskets for miscellaneous gear

Hunter Safe offers expert advice By Maxx Hunter Information presented by Hunter Safe

Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013 - 9

Q. Dear Sir: I need to know how to buy a safe for my guns and I’m confused by all the claims from various stores that sell them. Your name keeps coming up from everywhere….so enlighten me, please. The #1 Rule is, if it’s not made in America, don’t even consider that purchase. Almost all retailers of gun safes can only tell you what they read in the brochures. These people sell safes as a sideline. They have no ability to service and repair them or even to change the combination on the lock in most cases. On the subject of the combination, if you buy from someone who can not change the combination to numbers that are only known by you, your security may be compromised. The original combination is registered at the safe factory. It may take very little effort for the safe combination to be obtained deceptively by a savvy unauthorized person. Here is an example: A sport gun shop was approached by a young man who came to the store. He told them that his dad had purchased the safe from them, and that he was now in the hospital dying, having had a stroke. He said they needed to get important papers out of Dad’s safe. The store had in fact sold the safe to the father so they called the factory, got the combination and gave it to the son. Turns out, the son was a drug addict who took all of Dad’s guns to sell and the cash that was kept in the safe. Moral of the story – if the combination is changed, this would not happen. The quick “in” is out of the equation. Our company policy is to change the safe combination to numbers that are readily remembered by the owner. We keep no records of these. A last bit of advice for you: If I were buying a new washing machine, I would not consider buying it from a company that did not have a service department. Safes do sometimes malfunction. When they do, you are in real trouble. I see it all the time. Q. What about fire protection in my gun safe? A. This is one of the most confusing questions about safes, especially gun safes. Many commercial safes and

home safes have U.L. rated fire labels. These tests are standardized to specific guidelines. Therefore, the ratings are consistent from manufacturer to manufacturer. The gun safe world, however, is a different story. Most gun safes are tested by companies hired by the manufacturers to do the tests. The standards vary brand to brand and model to model. Most of it is mumbo jumbo, smoke and mirrors. The only real way to know the truth about fire ratings is to ask someone who services, opens and repairs safes, what they have witnessed through their career experiences. I have opened many safes after fires all over the tri-state area. I have seen a wide variety of brands. Most times the fires have been so hot that the dial and handle have melted away. Quite often it is sad because I generally know before I swing open the door what it will look like inside. People paid good money only to have their guns ruined and keepsakes lost. The worst offenders are the cheap imports sold by big box chain store who know nothing about safes. Folks buy them to save that buck, to get a real “bargain.” Well, they are just plain junk. So please, don’t waste your money. There are four or five brands that are American made and will survive a fire, depending on the model series. In fact, I just opened a Champion, Trophy series in Clarion County after a new two story home was burned down to nothing. It took 30 minutes to remove all the coals and ashes that were four feet deep from the front of the safe before I could begin. I placed a temporary dial on the safe and opened it. Every paper, bullet and gun made it through that fire unharmed! Needless to say, I was impressed. This safe has a 1500º F test to remain below 350º F inside for one hour. I think they are very conservative with their ratings. I bet you can guess what brand we sell. Its name starts with a C…… Q. Where is the best location for a safe in my home? A. I always recommend a basement or first floor installation, never upstairs. In a fire, it will end up in the basement, and the fall can open it. A cement or block wall offers a lot of added protection from fire when a good safe is placed against it. Humidity came be eliminated with an interior heater for the safe. These keep

your contents dry and rust free. Here is my last bit of advice, speaking frankly from the perspective of a master journeyman with a lifetime of experience. I also own guns. They are locked inside a fireproof, burglary-labeled gun safe that was made in America by Americans. My personal advice to you is this. If you think you can’t afford a gun safe, just sell a couple of those average guns that you have but seldom use, and buy the safe to protect what you truly value. At least that way, you will still have your guns and other valuables when you come home each day, even if you have had the misfortune of a fire. I have never had one of the safes that I have sold over the past 40 years be broken into by a burglar. I have seen a few feeble attempts at drilling, hammering and prying to no avail. The dial is knocked off, and the handle is broken. What they hoped to accomplish by that is beyond me. My customers called me, and I fixed it there or brought it back to our shop for repairs. Frequently, the manufacturer would replace it, and we would deliver a new one to the customer. As I said before, buy a safe from someone who can deliver your safe and service it. Be sure that the person who is delivering and installing your safe is insured. Your homeowner’s insurance may not provide coverage for stupidity, like getting the boys together to put this half ton metal box down the stairs into your basement. Look for professional certified technicians if you begin to have any problems with the lock on your safe. Fix it before it locks you out. Early intervention for a malfunction can save you a lot of money. So, don’t procrastinate. Inquire as to whether the person performing the service has membership in any professional organizations that select and screen their members. If you have other questions about buying a safe, please call us, whether you buy from us or not. We’re happy to help you. Remember, as a gun owner/ collector you have a moral responsibility to secure your guns, from children for their safety and from wrong doers for the protection of our community. If everyone did that, it would take a bite out of crime, big time.




Taking Orders FREE DELIVERY ’t

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or dying trees for firewood or disposal, consider leaving a few of these tress, called snags, standing. “A snag, acts as a ‘condo’ for insects, birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, as well as a time-release compost stick, slowly releasing nutrients into the soil.” says Burns. “Without snags, a forest just isn’t the same for wildlife who use the cavities to nest, attract mates and find food.” Logs When you leave downed trees or logs on your property, you are starting a life cycle fueled by the decomposing wood. Plants, fungi and animals rely upon logs as food sources and places to live. Decomposing logs enrich the soil and provide places for tree saplings and other plants to take root, as well as shelter and denning sites for animals. Decomposers found on or in logs provide food for amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Brushpiles Brushpiles provide a microhabitat for the more stealthy creatures hiding from predators. If you want to boost biodiversity

on your land while recycling extra trimmings, branches and logs, try “installing” a few brushpiles for wildlife. You can build a teepeeshaped brushpile by placing several five- to six-foot-long logs or large branches in a square. Leave some gaps between the foundation pieces so rabbits or other small creatures can scamper in and out. Next, lean several large branches, leaves pointed downward, so the cut, open ends meet at the top. Then incorporate smaller branches to fill many gaps, but not all. Leave some openings so birds and small animals can enter and exit. A good brushpile is usually about four feet high or taller and ten to 15 feet wide. For more tips on creating a healthy habitat for wildlife on your land, visit which also offers information for mitigating the increased risk of forest fires that dead wood can introduce. There are few things more exciting than seeing animals in the wild. By being considerate of the critters and birds inhabiting your land, you can help protect the resources they need to thrive.


Super Market 53 Taylor Street,

Great selection of Athletic Shoes, Carhartt Clothing for Men & Women, Work & Hunting Boots by Rocky, Wolverine, Georgia, Danner, Red Wing & Muck, Carolina & Double H


3802 Gipsy Road Gipsy, PA 15741 Thurs.-Fri. Noon to 8 p.m. Sat. 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Sun. Noon to 5 p.m.

Brookville Phone 849-8395

OPEN EVERY DAY 7 A.M. TO 10 P.M. For Your Shopping Convenience

Be sure and visit our bakery and deli for all that you need!

Have A Safe Hunt!

While the men are away let the women come play!

Prepare For Cold Weather COAL

230/TON Hard, Pea, Nut, Buck, Rice



115/TON (Soft)



50 lb. bag

Pellets We Carry $225/TON Premium Split Hardwood Firewood $ 4.50/BAG


Landscape Center


(StatePoint) – There’s nothing like spending time outdoors in the woods. With some simple steps, you can make your woodlands a paradise for flora and fauna by creating a space for wildlife to thrive. “As most of America’s forests are owned privately, landowners play a key role in our wildlife’s future.” says Mike Burns, forester and program resource manager with the American Forest Foundation. “Attracting wildlife is entirely within the power of woodlandowners, all they need to do is provide the right food and shelter for their desired species”. One of the most important ingredients for thriving forest wildlife is dead wood. In fact, up to 20 percent of a forest’s wildlife may depend upon it for survival, according to wildlife conservationists. The American Forest Foundation is offering tips on wildlife-friendly forest management on your property: Snags Flooding, winds, ice storms, lightning, fire and drought can cause mortality in trees, as will insects, disease and other factors. Before carting off dead

50 lb. bag






$ 5.50 14.50 (724) 254-0403

265 Swamp Road, Clymer, PA 15728 KREVELSUPPLY.COM

troyer’s saw shop (Formerly Jacob’s Sales & Service)

Authorized STIHL Dealer

Now Selling Generators STIHL Chainsaws On Sale!

Remember STIHL’s Double Warranty is going on!

Any small engine repair & servicing see us for all your logging supplies

Brides, Check Out Our Bridal Registry At

Compliments of

Sandy’s Beverages

The Bottom of Indiana Hill, Punxsy • 938-4990


Cammy Knarr 938-9476

814-427-2345 (leave message) 4365 Rt. 119, Punxsutawney

Mon.-Wed. 7 am-6 pm; Thurs. 7 am-7 pm; Fri. 7 am-8 pm; Sat. 7 am-3 pm; Closed Sunday

10 - Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013

Help protect wildlife in your backyard

Hunters crucial to deer-forest study

Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013 - 11

You can take a deer out of the forest, but you can’t take the forest out of deer management – the two are too closely linked. Forests provide food and cover for deer and other wildlife. And deer, as primary consumers of forest plants, can impact forest health and, thus, their own habitat and habitat for other wildlife. The deer-forest connection couldn’t be much stronger. And that’s why the Pennsylvania Game Commission for decades has studied the relationship between deer and the forests in which they live, and has used those and other findings in its deer-management decisions. As the years progressed, the methods used to measure forest health became more sophisticated. A higher level of detail on factors affecting tree regeneration became available as a result. Today, the data the Game Commission uses in determining forest health represents the best that has ever been available. However, no monitoring system is perfect. And, as a result, the Game Commission and its research partners have begun a study to answer a simple question: Can we do better? The Game Commission, in partnership with the state Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, the Pennsylvania State University, and the U.S. Geological Survey’s Pennsylvania Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, recently launched a new study into the impacts deer have on forest regeneration, and the current methods used to evaluate those impacts. The Deer-Forest Study also will assess hunter activities and experiences. In the field, forest regeneration data, deer impacts, deer populations and forestmanagement practices will be monitored. In addition, hunters

will be surveyed to gather information on their activities while hunting the study areas. “A primary concern and consideration for the Game Commission is that the data we use accurately reflect the effects of deer on forests,” said Christopher Rosenberry, who supervises the Game Commission’s deer and elk section. “Deer are not the only factor affecting forest regeneration, but our assessment of deer impacts on forests is the most important habitat measure used in deer-management recommendations.” Rosenberry said evaluating the role of deer in forest regeneration, as measured by the deer-impact assessment, and making responsible adjustments, will benefit hunters in a number of ways. The study will provide new insight into the effect of deer on forest regeneration. Given their browsing in the forest understory, deer often are an easy target when it comes to lagging forest regeneration. But they’re not the only factor. And Rosenberry said the study will help to ensure that misplaced blame doesn’t fall on deer in cases where deer aren’t the cause of slowed regeneration. A better understanding of deer impacts in real-world conditions in Pennsylvania also will help ensure that any recommendations to reduce deer populations due to forest impacts are truly necessary. “Recommendations to reduce deer populations are not taken lightly,” Rosenberry said. “And this study is designed to strengthen the data upon which future recommendations are based.” In the last decade, the Game Commission has evaluated key components of its deer research program. Harvest estimates, fawn-to-doe ratios, population monitoring and methods of gathering citizen input have


HARD (Anthracite) 40 lb. bags available

SOFT (Bituminous)

All Sizes

Valier Coal Yard Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-4 p.m.; Saturday 8 a.m.-Noon


been evaluated and published in scientific journals. The findings from the commission’s research also are incorporated into the deer program, and have improved the commission’s management and understanding of whitetails and deer conflicts. The Deer-Forest Study represents the next step in improving the deer program, Rosenberry said. But the study can’t be completed without hunters’ help. Those hunting in the areas being studied will provide critical input. Study areas are located within Bald Eagle, Rothrock and Susquehannock state forests on properties enrolled in the state’s Deer Management Assistance Program (DMAP). Study areas are marked with signs in parking lots and along roads. Hunters must register when hunting these study areas. Hunters can register by visiting the white-tailed deer page at the Game Commission’s website, then clicking on the “Deer-Forest Study” link in the “Research and Surveys” category. After deer season concludes, hunters will be mailed a survey to record their hunting success and experiences. Individual surveys will remain confidential. Only summary information will be provided as public information. “Understanding hunter effort, hunter success rates, deer harvests and hunter opinions and observations is a critical part of the study,” Rosenberry said. “We are relying on hunters to provide these important data by registering.” More information about the Deer-Forest Study is available online at the Game Commission’s website, www.pgc.state. (Courtesy of the PA Game Commission)


for all your feeding needs

• FULL LINE OF PURINA FEEDS • CUSTOM MILL FEEDS • PLUS OUR OWN FEEDS Dog • Horse • Cow • Exotic Animals • Farm & Ranch Supplies • Lawn & Garden Deer Attractants • Deer Feeds • Food Plot Products (custom mix your own)

Box 48 Beaver St., Troutville, PA

583-7556 • Open: Mon.-Sat.

Distributed by

Mahoning Beer 200 S. Gilpin St. Punxsutawney • 938-5600 •

Attention Hunters: Cunningham’s Processed Venison Products

• Jerky Formed .....................................................................$6.25 lb. • Pepperoni Sticks ...............................................................$3.25 lb. • Pepper Sticks w/ Cheese ...............................................$4.75 lb. • Bologna (3# pcs.) ..............................................................$2.50 lb. • Bologna w/ Jalapeno & Cheese (3# pcs.) .................$3.50 lb. • Keilbossi ..............................................................................$2.25 lb. • Kielbossi w/ Jalapeno & Cheese .................................$3.25 lb. • Cooked Salami (sliced 1# pkg.)....................................$3.50 lb. • Hot Sausage ................ loose $1.75 casing $2.25 lb. • Venison Legs Roasted/Seasoned (sliced 1# pkg.) ...$3.50 lb. • Smoked Bone-In Legs (ham).......................................$9.00 ea. • Wieners ................................................................................$2.50 lb. • Wieners w/ Jalapeno & Cheese ...................................$3.50 lb. Just bring in your clean boneless meat (not ground) and we will make these fine products. All products are vacuum packed for freshness (except Hot Sausage and Smoked Bone-In Legs)

Visa, Mastercard, Debit Cards, EBT Cards Accepted


81 Cunningham Rd., Indiana • 724-465-8862 Retail Hours: Mon. through Fri. 9 to 6; Sat. 9 to 4

Mahaffey Hardware & Supply Co.

Serving the Mahaffey Area with General Hardware

Now CarryiNg guNs & ammo

We Buy, Sell & Trade Guns. Stop Here for Your Hunting Supplies and Accessories Licenses


Fasteners & Nails • Tools Key Cutting • Paint Lock Sets & Rekeying Lawn & Garden Supplies Electrical Plumbing


113 E. Main St. (Rt. 36 S.) Mahaffey, PA

12 - Jefferson County Outdoors, The Punxsutawney Spirit & Jefferson County Neighbors, October 2013