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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Overview & Discussion of BCDA BCDA-FOMCRES FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance And EO 70 as Amended BY EUGENIO OCHOA CALAPIT

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 Historical Background The mid-80s was a period of political change; three years after Ninoy Aquino’s assassination in 1983, Filipinos had a bloodless revolution in 1986 that installed Cory Aquino’s administration. Thereafter, the 1987 Philippine Constitution was enacted ushering dynamic changes even in the military. AFP troops stationed mostly in the south were recalled to their Fort Bonifacio base. The troops and their families were allowed by their unit commanders to “cordon” the periphery of the base. This was the precursor of the villages found today in Fort Bonifacio. The largely unsuccessful but successive coup de etat launched by Pres. Aquino’s former ally – the Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM)of Colonel Gregorio Honasan against Pres. Cory Aquino contributed much (the other one being the intermittent power outages) in the further downturn in the economy. These events were big factors for the cash-strapped government to initiate the privatization effort of Fort Bonifacio. The Bases Conversion Development Authority (BCDA) was born through Republic Act (RA) 7227 otherwise known as the Bases Conversion and Development Act of 1992. It was as amended by RA 7917, and further amended by RA 9400. BCDA is mandated to convert Metro Manila camps and former US military base camps into civilian and economic growth centers. BCDA under its social development mission started negotiations with informal dwellers. The agency built high and medium rise structures such as the Centennial Village and the MRB at the Pamayanang Diego Silang (PDS) for them. Whenever a new chairman is appointed, the agency also tried a different approach in dealing with the settlers. The more successful being those initiated by its Chairman and President Rogelio Singson whose stakeholder participation approach led to the development of the Dream Land community in Lower Bicutan and the re-blocking or on-site relocation of the Palacol area better known as Lupang Katuparan in Signal Village. It is under Chairman (now DPWH Secretary) Singson’s term that the biggest block of informal settlers under FOMCRES concluded a peaceful settlement on the relocation and compensation of their members in 2000. I. The FOMCRES-BCDA MOA A. Background on FOMCRES FOMCRES stands for the Federation of Military and Civilian Residents comprising 11 villageassociations during its inception in the early 90s. It united various residents organizations existing in communities within and around Fort Bonifacio. FOMCRES was largely an offshoot of the privatization of Fort Bonifacio. It gave informal residents the opportunity to be stakeholders in the government’s development efforts by engaging the BCDA in negotiations while at the same time defending the residents’ homes against demolition. This became a reality in 1997 with the aide of a sympathetic cult-like organization called the Sagrado Corazon Senor (a.k.a.Tadtad) whose members believed that their supernatural powers can ward off bullets from security forces. As a former government militia they volunteered as the Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 community’s defenders. Another loose group who supported the residents’ cause are those with fraternal loyalties to each other—usually usually from various chapters of the Guardians Brotherhood who have settled in the area. The Sagrados and the residents engaged government security forces often in violent and bloody confrontations during demolitions. Through the years, the residents’ residents success in warding off security forces and the Federation’s effort to find a political solution further emboldened the residents’ aspiration of owning a piece of land in Fort Bonifacio. B. FOMCRES member ember associations The following are the village village-associations comprising FOMCRES: 1. Armor (Philippine ppine Army Light Armor Regiment) Village; 2. ARANAI (Armor Residual Area Neighborhood Assoc Assoc. Inc.); 3. Maysapang Village; 4. Mini-Park Village; 5. Wild-Cat Village (24th Infantry Battalion) Battalion); th 6. 16 ISU (Intelligence Service Unit) Village; 7. Sto. Nino Village; 8. G-22 (Army Intelligence) Village; 9. Upper West Village; 10. PANAM (Philippine Army Army-Navy and Marines) Village; and 11. SS (Service Support) Brigade

C. Families affected FOMCRES members in the Joint BCDA-FOMCRES-Taguig Taguig LGU census submitted to the th Committee on Housing of the 10 Congress and the Philippine Army (PA) master list number about 1,800 families, with hundreds more opt opting to be delisted. Those who refused to be included in the master list were at that time transient residents who wanted nothing to do with the activity out of fear that when negotiations bogged down, court litigations will soon follow.

D. FOMCRES-BCDA MOA Negotiations on the FOMCRES BCDA MOA started in back channel talkss initiated by this writer in 1999. These informal talks ultimately caught the attention of BCDA bosses who eventually agreed to sit down with FOMCRES leaders again.. After over a year of negotiations and confidence building buildin measures such as two leadership ip visioning workshop workshops,, the Memorandum of Agreement was signed between FOMCRES and BCDA in 2000 and eventually approved by then President Joseph Estrada .

Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Glamour Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Amended Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 D.1. Major Players The MOA was signed by the following: 1. 2. 3. 4.

BCDA Chairman Rogelio Singson BCDA EVP Isaac S. Puno III Maj. Juanito dela Cruz, Barangay Southside Chairman and FOMCRES Founding member LtCol Amado U. Contreras , Barangay Southside Kagawad and President of the Armor Housing Area Association Inc.,

Technical Working Group: 1. Atty. Arnel DP Casanova, Head Executive Assistant of EVP I.S. Puno 2. Eugenio Ochoa Calapit, Consultant, FOMCRES The MOA was notarized by Atty. Arnel Casanova. The Agreement was reviewed by the OGCC and later approved by the President. The MOA called for the peaceful relocation and compensation of residents based on certain stipulations in the MOA. It likewise called for the creation of the Project Management Office (PMO) with FOMCRES leaders appointed as project staff. The PMO formed under BCDA Management Holdings Inc. (BMHI) existed for six months with this writer as a senior staff before it was closed by BCDA citing the issuance of E.O.70 by Estrada’s successor PGMA. BCDA’s suspension or termination of the agreement has been contested by the Federation. The Members of the Project Management Office (PMO) are the following: 1. Atty. Arnel DPCasanova 2. Eugenio Ochoa Calapit 3. Lt.Col. Amado U.Contreras 4. Maj. Juanito dela Cruz 5. Juanito Brioso 6. Claro Cortes III 7. Wilhelmino Lucena 8. 2Lt. Godofredo del Rosario

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Project Manager Senior Project Development Officer Consultant Consultant Relocation Officer Community Relations Officer Security Officer Estate Management Officer

D.2 Over 9-Hectare Relocation Site The MOA likewise called for the joint development of more than nine hectares of land within the periphery of Fort Bonifacio as relocation site. To further convince FOMCRES members, BCDA sponsored a trip to the relocation site it identified.

Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 BCDA officials promised that a FOMCRES community shall rise in an aggregate 11 hectare area, bigger by almost 2 hectares of what was stipulated in the MOA. Of this, nearly 4 hectares came from lots swapped by Crown Equities to BCDA which is located near the DMCI area at Pamayanang Diego Silang (PDS) including an 8,700 sqm area near the STP of Diego Silang. Both properties became part of the 33 hectare BCDA –Taguig LGU MOA of Conveyance in 2004.

D.3. Beneficiary Selection based on Joint Census and the PA master list FOMCRES recognized the Joint BCDA-FOMCRES-Taguig LGU census submitted to the Committee on Housing of the 10th Congress and the Philippine Army (PA) master list for UDHA beneficiaries. More than that, it added a provision for the “accommodation of post-UDHA FOMCRES members” as certified by their respective village presidents. The accommodation of those not in the master list was cited in the MOA provision labeled 4.1.f which gave an opportunity to those who refused to participate in the 1997 master-listing activities a chance to become beneficiaries. These residents, however, are to be relocated in the Lupang Katuparan , now Brgy. Katuparan, Signal Village. At that time, vacant lots abound in the Katuparan areas (a.k.a. Palacol areas). They may also be given units in BCDA “high-rise” housing projects.

D.4. Post-MOA Situationer A decade after, in 2009, there were about 9,000 families living in FOMCRES areas according to the City’s Housing Office and the survey of the Urban Poor Affairs Office. This was cited in the City’s proposal for the transfer of ownership, development and administration of the entire 59-hectare BHIT (Bonifacio Housing and Technology) Park zone from BCDA to the Taguig LGU submitted at the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council or HUDCC (follow the link http://www.hudcc.gov.ph/). Through the years BCDA has relocated hundreds of FOMCRES families. However, with the suspension of the MOA implementation (follow the link below for House committee hearing on HUD: http://www.congress.gov.ph/committees/search.php?congress=14&s=schedule&id=0518&page=7) portions where the houses of the old residents once stood were reoccupied by new residents. Because the new residents did not entirely share the same passion and aspirations of the previous residents, the emerging community deteriorated sharply from a social standpoint. It can be said that it’s in the new breed of residents with whom the more radical FOMCRES members found alliance and fraternal bond. Together they form separate groups and eventually a distinct organization. These groups pose greater problems to whatever development proposal the City of Taguig and BCDA have to offer.

Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 II.Executive Order 70 The assumption of PGMA ushered in changes in approach and strategies on how to deal with informal settlers in Fort Bonifacio. The undersigned, in his capacity as senior development officer of the FOMCRES-BCDA Project Management Office, was tasked by his BCDA superiors to invite residents to the said community meeting. The undersigned had a banner made for the occasion emblazoned with the words “Ang pangako ng Ama tinupad ng Anak.” During that public meeting, the part of PGMA’s speech which elicited howls and cheers from the crowd was her words “Matulog na kayo ng mahimbing, sa inyo na ang lupang ito.” A year later, in February 11, 2002 E.O. 70 entitled “Declaring Portions of the Property of the Bases Conversion Development Authority Located in Fort Bonifacio and its Environs as Socialized Housing Sites and Providing for the Disposition Thereof to Qualified Occupants and Beneficiaries” (underscoring supplied; follow the link:http://www.dbm.gov.ph/issuance/issuance/eo_no70/eo_70.pdf) was signed by PGMA. The following were declared in the E.O. 70 as socialized housing sites: a)A portion of the BHIT Zone Property (over half of PALAR area) b) Lupang Katuparan (Signal Village) c)Pamayanang Diego Silang (Ususan) d)Philippine Centennial Village(Western Bicutan)

-- 35.00 hectares --48.00 hectares --23.86 hectares --13.08 hectares

The total area declared by PGMA was 119.94 hectares. It’s noteworthy to quote Section 3. Paragraph 2, last sentence which reads: “The Committee shall take into consideration existing agreements with the different people’s organization in the area.” (underscoring supplied) To FOMCRES, which has an existing agreement with BCDA, the provision, though it did not identify FOMCRES and the other associations like Lakas-Ilaw, The Alliance, STICRA and others, was nonetheless a recognition by government of its commitment to NGOs like the Federation. A. Amendments to E.O. 70 However E.O. 70 was amended by E.O. 216 and further by E.O. 465 entitled: “Further Amending Executive Order 70 dated February 11, 2002 as amended by Executive Order 216 dated June 9, 2003 Entitled Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 `Declaring Portions of the Property of the Bases Conversion and Development Authority Located in Fort Bonifacio and Its Environs as Socialized Housing Sites and Providing for the Disposition Thereof to Qualified Occupants and Beneficiaries’, Clarifying the Transfer of Ownership and Administration, and Defining the Duties and Roles of the Implementing Agencies.” (underscoring supplied; follow this link: http://www.ops.gov.ph/records/eo_no465.htm) The last sentence of Paragraph 2. Section 3 of E.O 70. which gave consideration for existing agreements was omitted altogether. E.O. 465 excluded Pamayanang Diego Silang with an area of 23.86 hectares from its coverage. Under the EO, the PDS complex shall remain “under ownership ,management and control of BCDA.” PGMA signed the EO on the 3rd day of October 2005. Since the exact metes and bounds of the portion of BHIT Park area to be included in the E.O has yet to be determined by BCDA, it could not be ascertained as of this writing whether portions of the same area transferred to NHA through E.O. 465 overlap with certain portions conveyed by BCDA to the LGU of Taguig (discussion on p.9). Both sites refer to portions of the BHIT. Wherever it is, hundreds of families in that area are FOMCRES members. B. Code of policy for Lupang Katuparan & BHIT Park Meanwhile, this writer has had working knowledge of the Code of Policy drafted for the Lupang Katuparan area. The Project Inter-Agency Committee or PIAC (formerly the Technical Working Group of EO 70) was tasked to draft the policy guidelines and the implementing rules and regulations for the Lupang Katuparan and the BHIT areas. The Code of Policy for Lupang Katuparan was signed under the past administration. It is now NHA’s turn to dispose of the properties to qualified beneficiaries under the Code and its implementing rules. The members of the PIAC are the following: 1. GERONIMO GARCIA 2. ROLANDO C. MANALO 3. ARTURO E. FADRIQUELA 4. TONY L. ALVARADO 5. RANDY O. REMONTE 6. DALISAY N. LIZARDO 7. PEEN G. PAPA 8. EUGENIO O. CALAPIT -

HUDCC BCDA DENR-NCR PCUP AFPHB NHA- South Sector II Taguig City, Local Housing Office 2nd District House of Representatives

C. Taguig bats for Transfer of Ownership of 50 to 70 meters-wide area along C-5 With the Transfer of Title, Administration and Control of the 35-hectare portion of the BHIT Park zone to NHA not been made yet, the LGU of Taguig proposed to HUDCC that the ownership, administration and control of the entire 59 hectare BHIT Park be awarded to the LGU. The city likewise proposed that the 50 to 70 meter wide strip along the C5 Growth Corridor be excluded from EO 70 for it to be developed commercially by Taguig. The proposal raised protests from various quarters and with Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 the elections fast approaching, the Taguig LGU placed this proposal in the backburner in order to focus on the Katuparan Code of Policy and its IRR. The apparent tug-of-war among government agencies as to which one can better develop the area was also marred by the opposition of a FOMRES faction --the so-called Federation of Seven Villages, namely: Wild Cat, 16th ISU, Upper West,G2, PaNaM, Group IV Palar and Upper Group 2 Palar. The cluster argued in its statement that the Taguig LGU’s proposal to develop a 70 meters wide commercial strip along C5 from the Heritage site to McKinley will reduce by 7.50 hectares the 59 hectare BHIT zone of which 35 hectares had been awarded to the residents . Within the Project Inter Agency Committee (PIAC) circle, it is common knowledge that most of the members want the area on both planks of C5 hi-way from South to North up to the Market Market area developed. D. Disposition of the remaining 24 hectare BHIT area in PALAR Retired Gen. Narciso L. Abaya, President and Chief Executive Officer of BCDA, on February 21, 2006 wrote Hon. Amado S. Bagatsing , Vice chairman of HUDCC and Head Task Force on C-5 Road that BCDA “tentatively intend to dispose the subject property as a housing project for the active military personnel to help government address the housing need of this sector.” Gen. Abaya candidly admits that everything about said property, which is home to Armor Village, “remains in the planning stage and may change any moment.” The 24 hectare property (the remaining portion of the BHIT Park) remains in the hands of BCDA. At present, not much is known of BCDA’s current fancy on this area which is neighbor to the pricey McKinley Hill. E.Effect of E.O. 465 on Kilusang Damayan ng Taguig In 2008, residents of Blocks 18 and 19 extension Signal Village living in the residual areas along the National Transmission Line (Transco) adjacent to the Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) trooped to the 2nd Congressional District Satellite Office. They complained and asked the assistance of this writer, in his capacity as designated chief of the 2nd District Congressional Satellite Office, that BCDA Blue Guards and elements of the Army’s Task Group Bantay were preventing them from fixing their homes. All along, they thought that the area has been awarded to them through EO 70. BCDA, in a letter to the 2nd District Representative, said the area which is known to it as Lot 29 (Road) of the approved Consolidation –Subdivision Plan Pcs. 00-007680 is within the Pamayanang Diego Silang (PDS) property. The area was initially identified as a socialized housing site under E.O 70 of 2002 but was excluded when it was amended by EO 465. The fate of almost 200 families belonging to the Kilusang Damayan ng Taguig remains in limbo as of this writing. Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 III.

BCDA-Taguig MOA on Conveyance

RA 7917 provides that approximately 40 hectares of land in Fort Bonifacio shall be retained as national and local cal government centers, sports facilities and parks parks. BCDA has entered in 1999 a MOA M with Taguig allotting 5.1 hectares of land in the Bonifacio Global City for the Taguig Civic Center (MiniPark). In 2004, BCDA DA signed an agreement entitled a Memorandum of Agreement for the Conveyance of 33.15 hectare area in Fort Bonifacio , Taguig as Local Government Centers , Sports Facilities and Parks. Parks (underscoring supplied; follow page 24 24-25 of BCDA Annual report 2005 link on the clearing of Mini-Park Mini area http://www.bcda.gov.ph/file_attachments/0000/0168/BCDAAR2005.pdf http://www.bcda.gov.ph/file_attachments/0000/0168/BCDAAR2005.pdf)

These areas are as follow: 1.Taguig ig Civic Center lot in Bonifacio Global City --4.50 hectares 2. The Crown Equities Inc. properties swapped with BCDA --3.47 hectares 3.Portion tion of the Expanded SRDP South --16.38 hectares 4. An 8.8 has portion of Lot 4 Swo 00001266 (ARANAI) --8.8 hectares

The MOA was signed by Chairman Rufo Colayco and Isaac S. Puno III for the BCDA and Mayor Sigfrido R. Tinga and Wilfredo Villar for the LGU of Taguig. It was notarized by (Vice Mayor) Atty. George Elias. Commercial development activities by well-known developers made possible by agreements entered into more recently by the past Tinga administration and developers such as the Regis R Romero Builders, Megaworld and SM Development Development, to name a few, alerted FOMCRES. Hundreds of families of its member villages like Mini Mini-park, park, ARANAI, Maysapang, PALAR and Wildcat will be affected by these developments.. From another perspective, p people are probably asking where the “Local Government Centers, Sports Facilities and Parks” as called for under RA7917 can be found. The absence of any provision in the BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance that pertains to the compensation and relocation of FOM FOMCRES beneficiaries who will be affected and the continued finger pointing among the agencies concerned were enough for FOMCRES to resort to legal remedy. Thus, the Federation president personally solicited the assistance of the Party Party-list list Akbayan and lawyers from the UP Law Center and NGOs in order to make a case out of this issue. Thus Civil Case No. 72340-TG 72340 with the City of Taguig as Defendant was born.

Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Glamour Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Amended Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour Part I 2010 About the Author http://up-losbanos.academia.edu/EugenioSonnyOchoaCalapit References Bases Conversion Development Authority (BCDA). (2000). Original Copy of the Memorandum of Agreement Between BCDA and FOMCRES. Villamor Air Base: Pasay City. BCDA and Taguig LGU. (2004). Memorandum of Agreement for the Conveyance of a 33.15 hectare area in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig as Local Government Centers, Sports Facilities and Parks. Taguig City: Metro Manila. nd

BCDA. (2008). Original Copy of Letter to the 2 District Representative Henry M. Duenas on Residual Areas along the National Transmission Line adjacent to STP, Pamayanang Diego Silang. (Land & Assets Development Department No. AA2008-0263). Bonifacio Global City: Taguig City. Federation of Seven Villages BHIT Zone. (2008). Letter to HUDCC Chair and Vice Pres. Noli De Castro: Our Position and Stand regarding the Plan of Mayor Tinga. Western Bicutan, Taguig City. Office of the President of the Philippines. (2000). MOA with the Fort Bonifacio Informal Occupants. (Memorandum Reference No. R03192202). Malacanang Palace: Manila. Office of the President of the Philippines. (2002) Executive Order No. 70 Office of the President of the Philippines. (2005)Executive Order No. 465 Pasig City Regional Trial Court Branch 271. (2010). Plaintiff FOMCRES vs. Defendant Taguig City. Civil Case No. 72340-TG for Injunction. Upper Bicutan: Taguig City. Quezon City Regional Trial Court. (2007) Specific Performance, with prayer for Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Restraining Order. Plaintiff FOMCRES vs. Defendant BCDA Civil Case #00200. Quezon City: Metro Manila.

Links http://www.bcda.gov.ph/file_attachments/0000/0168/BCDAAR2005.pdf http://www.congress.gov.ph/committees/search.php?congress=14&s=schedule&id=0518&page=7 http://www.dbm.gov.ph/issuance/issuance/eo_no70/eo_70.pdf http://www.hudcc.gov.ph/ http://www.ops.gov.ph/records/eo_no465.htm RA 7917 Republic Act (RA) 7227

Photo/Art Credits National Artist Carlos V. Francisco, Philippine Revolution with Andres Bonifacio http://www.google.com.ph/images?q=fort+bonifacio

Please cite this paper as: CALAPIT, EUGENIO OCHOA. (2010). Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour, Part I Overview and Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance & EO 70 as Amended. Taguig City: Philippines. pdfMachine - is a pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Get yours now! “Thank you very much! I can use Acrobat Distiller or the Acrobat PDFWriter but I consider your product a lot easier to use and much preferable to Adobe's" A.Sarras - USA

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Fort Bonifacio: Behind the Glamour  

Overview & Discussion of BCDA-FOMCRES MOA, BCDA-Taguig LGU MOA on Conveyance and EO 70 as amended

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