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Child-friendly space guideline booklet

คู่มือพ้ืนที่ปลอดภัยสำหรับเด็ก

ยา

First-Aid

เล่น Play

เรียน Study

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

คู่มือพื้นที่ปลอดภัยสำหรับเด็กในสถานก่อสร้าง

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Child-friendly Space for Sansiri Construction Sites: The Beginning

The concept of the ‘Child-friendly space for Sansiri construction sites’ has been realised by Sansiri’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programme, “Sansiri Social Change”, which is an innovative approach to help, support, and develop the wellbeing of children in an inclusive and sustainable way.

Sansiri supports the end of child labour on construction sites, and to ensure that Sansiri’s business partners share the same vision, Sansiri has signed MOUs with contractors forbidding the exploitation of children through child labour. (Children is defined as persons below 18 years old.) Any breach of this agreement results in termination of contract. The stipulation is enforced throughout Sansiri’s construction process, including projects in upcountry areas.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Child-friendly Space for Sansiri Construction Sites: The Purpose

• To ensure that Sansiri maintains its stance as a business organisation that is friendly to children and is fully compliant with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

• To support safe and Childfriendly spaces on construction sites to advance the wellbeing of children around the sites, and provide them with a safe place to play and learn

• To work with business partners to create a role model in establishing the ‘Child-friendly space’ on construction sites

• To provide children living close to construction sites with learning and development opportunities through a variety of learning media in a safe environment where risk of accidents associated with construction work are relatively low.

• To support children’s rights to play and have fun in their learning and development experiences

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Sansiri Projects with the ‘Child-friendly Space’

• Setthasiri Ratchapruek-Charan 2 • Burasiri Panya-Indra • Setthasiri Chaengwattana - Prachachuen • dcondo Creek Phuket • 23 Degrees Estate Khaoyai

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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What is ‘Child-friendly Space’?

Child-friendly space is an initiative of Sansiri in collaboration with our construction partners. Under this initiative, a space is allocated within our construction sites for children of our construction workers to use in safety.

Here, the children have access to learning and development opportunities in a safe environment through a variety of activities and lessons designed to help them take basic care of themselves, as well as, to stimulate their learning competency at appropriate age levels.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Child-friendly Space for Sansiri Construction Sites: The Objectives

To be a safe place for children in construction sites to learn and play.

To provide children with learning and development opportunities.

To provide a family platform where parents are encouraged to be involved in the development of their children.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Child-friendly Space for Sansiri Construction Sites: Why Is It Important?

The concept of the ‘Child-friendly space’ has been designed to contribute to developing people with good qualities for society, by helping to provide a good ‘childhood’ for them. The stage of life from newborn to 6 years of age is the period of ‘childhood’ and it is the time during which a child’s brain cells produce their fastest development. So, if we want these children to become well-adjusted adults with good personal qualities, it is essential that we make efforts to nurture their childhood development, physically, emotionally and morally.

of life in the future. The project places emphasis on the importance of a safe environment for children to learn and develop in a sustainable way. This can help prevent many social problems in the long term.

The project ‘Child-friendly space for Sansiri construction sites’ is regarded as a great and most worthwhile contribution to society by Sansiri. It demonstrates our genuine commitment to providing a better basis for improved quality Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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The Future of These Children Lies In Your Hands

Come, join us in creating ‘good people’ for future society! Construction contractors who participate in the ‘Child-friendly space’ initiative play an important role in ensuring its success. Contractors begin their work by compiling a list of all children within the construction site (details on page 9), then promote the

‘Child-friendly space’ among target families and parents. After that, contractors begin the construction of the ‘Child-friendly space’ within the site. And last but not least, once the construction is finished, the contractors are responsible for managing the ‘Child-friendly space’ to contribute to the wellbeing of the children and their families.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Benefits of the ‘Child-friendly space’ for contractors • Enhanced quality of life. Construction worker families prefer to work in places with clean and safe living quarters, and those which provide the wellbeing and basic education opportunities their children need.

• Better learning opportunities for children of construction workers. Quality of life for children in construction sites can be improved significantly if a similar approach as that of the ‘Child-friendly space’ is followed and implemented in other construction sites.

• Lower accident risks for the children of construction workers. • More effective workforce. With the ‘Child-friendly space’, female workers with children can concentrate on their work and be sure that their children will be cared for. • Lower electricity costs. The electricity used will be much less during the daytime because female workers no longer need to stay in their quarters to care for their children.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Child-friendly Space for Sansiri Construction Sites: Construction Specifications

The construction specifications of the ‘Child-friendly space’ have been designed with ‘child safety’ in mind. • Construction structure: Secure and strong. Protected with a fence, with locks on all doors. • Fence: 1.2 metres high • Floor: should be made of polished concrete or floor surfaces which are easy to clean and safe for crawling toddlers. • Toilets: equipped with toilet fittings suitable for children.

• Wash basin: specifically designed for children to promote personal hygiene • Potable water: should be provided with clean containers ‘Childfriendly space’ sign: should be placed prominently along with signage of sponsors • ‘Child-friendly space’ location: should be in a safe area with good air ventilation and away from construction risks. It should also be in an easily accessible area near to construction workers’ quarters. Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Components of the ‘Child-friendly Space’

The following tools, fittings and equipment are to be made available within the compound of the ‘Child-friendly space’. • A whiteboard or blackboard • A ceiling fan and proper ventilation • Well lit • Power outlets with protective covers • A washbasin, hand soap and a towel • A first-aid kit with basic medicines • A drinking water dispenser with drinking cups (one for each child) • Foldable desks or long desks and benches • Bookshelves and books for children • Shelves for shoes, toys and play materials • Mats for sitting on the floor • Educational posters Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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The Operation of the ‘Child-friendly space’

The following are necessary procedures in operating a ‘Child-friendly space’ to stimulate appropriate child development. • Compile an updated list of all children under 18 years within the construction site, and divide them by age, gender and spoken language. • Keep a daily record of children visiting the ‘Child-friendly space’. • Arrange a proper classroom timetable for all subjects taught. • Provide sufficient stationery, such as, pencils, coloured pencils, crayons, paper and notebooks and toys, such as, play dough. • Provide necessary teaching tools such as ABC posters, mathematics posters, calculation posters and support materials. • Organise recreational activities for children such as exercises and the viewing of appropriate cartoons and movies. Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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No.



Name-Surname

Nickname

Children’s Personal Details Age

Date of Birth

Name(s) of Parent(s) and Contact Numbers(s)

Child-friendly space for (Project name) ________________________ Yes

No

Do Parent(s) have Aliens’ Work Permit?

List of Children on Sansiri Construction Site Date of Arriving

Date of Leaving

Current Address

Date _______________________


Movement ans Excercise

Movement ans Excercise

Movement ans Excercise

Movement ans Excercise

Movement ans Excercise

Movement ans Excercise

Movement ans Excercise

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

10.00-10.15

Saturday

Day

Time

Local Language

Thai

Maths

Music

Handicraft

Art

English

10.15-10.30

Art

English

Handicraft

Recreational Activities

Art

Thai

Handicraft

10.30-11.00

Break

Break

Break

Break

Break

Break

Break

11.00-11.15

Local Language

Music

Local Language

English

Maths

Maths

Local Language

11.15-11.45

Handicraft

Maths

Recreational Activities

Thai

Local Language

Music

Recreational Activities

11.45-12.00

Classroom timetables should be adapted to suit each construction site. Topics taught can be selected as appropriate with emphasis on important issues such as personal hygiene, nutrition balance for children and basic discipline.

Example Activities Program


Activities Programme

When planning activities for children in the Child-friendly space, important things to consider include age ranges, age differences, education levels, spoken languages and the number of children in each construction site. Main activities include language classes aimed at teaching them to be able to read and write in Thai and any other local dialect; the fostering of basic healthy habits and good personal care practices; how to keep things clean and tidy; how to contribute to good environment; proper eating habits to keep a nutritional balance; and, understanding basic disciplines. More information on Child Development Milestones at different age ranges can be found on Page x of this document.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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‘Child-friendly Space’ Activities for Children Type of Activity

Creative Examples Drawing, clay moulding, as well as, making collages, dolls, puppets, greeting cards from dried flowers, bookmarks from waste materials Purpose – How it helps children • Helps children to express their feelings and ideas • Externalises emotions, promotes understanding, self-esteem, and empathy • Promotes creativity and respect for the resources available by using local materials or materials from nature What we can do • Guide children with a theme – their family, the mountains, the ocean/beach, nature, etc. • Organise displays and invite parents / community members to see them

** Source: Child-friendly spaces in emergencies: A Handbook for Save the Children Staff – UNICEF Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Type of Activity

Imaginative Examples Dance, theatre/drama, music, singing, role play acting performances (dance, drama, singing) Purpose – How it helps children • Develop creative and social skills, coping skills, self-esteem • Helps children understand what happened/happens in their lives as they act out experiences • Creates fun & relaxation, and promotes team spirit & active participation What we can do • Invite community members to perform and hold workshops with the children • Organise performances for the community

** ที่มา Child-friendly spaces in emergencies: A Handbook for Save the Children Staff – UNICEF Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

คู่มือพื้นที่ปลอดภัยสำหรับเด็กในสถานก่อสร้าง

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Type of Activity

Physical Examples Football, volleyball, handball, local traditional children’s games Purpose – How it helps children • Develops self confidence • Builds relationships and teamwork skills – interaction with peers, rules, and cooperation • Develops motor skills, muscles, coordination What we can do • Designate specific safe areas for sports and games • Hold sports competitions

** ที่มา Child-friendly spaces in emergencies: A Handbook for Save the Children Staff – UNICEF Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

คู่มือพื้นที่ปลอดภัยสำหรับเด็กในสถานก่อสร้าง

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Type of Activity

Communicative Examples Story telling – books/ oral, reading, story time, conversation time, discussion groups Purpose – How it helps children • Helps children express feeling in words without personalising • Appreciates local culture and tradition • Develops imagination What we can do • Have a storytelling hour, encourage children to make up stories • Start a story with one sentence and ask the children to continue (add on) to the story.

** ที่มา Child-friendly spaces in emergencies: A Handbook for Save the Children Staff – UNICEF Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Type of Activity

Manipulative Examples Puzzles, building blocks, board games Purpose – How it helps children • Improves problem-solving skills • Builds self-esteem and Cooperation What we can do • Children can work alone or in groups • Set aside a quiet area

** ที่มา Child-friendly spaces in emergencies: A Handbook for Save the Children Staff – UNICEF Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Child Development Milestones

There are usually children of different age ranges in a construction site so it is important to understand a child’s natural development at different stages of life so that appropriate development programs can be designed to respond to their needs and interests.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Age ranges

0-5

Yrs

Development milestones • Learn to use muscles in different body parts • This is the time when brain cells develop at the fastest rate. • Learn to operate all the five senses – seeing, smelling, tasting, hearing and touching. • Learn to understand storytelling, poems and rhyming of words. • Learn to remember new words. • Learn from pictorial books. • Learn to imitate movements, speeches and behaviour of adults. • Like to play alone. Even when put with other children, they still prefer to play on their own. Recommended diet • Breastfeeding only for the first 6 months • After 6 months, smashed bananas or light porridges can be introduced to teach how to chew food. • After two years, they are ready to eat like an adult, but make sure they eat with the right nutritional balance. Recommended activities • Play with colourful hanging toys. • Play with sound-making toys. • Play with wooden blocks of different shapes and sizes. • Learn to paint. • Play with music. • Storytelling or poem reading. Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Age ranges

6-11

Yrs

Development milestones • Body muscles can function to serve multiple purposes • Able to use imagination more creatively. Like listening to fictional stories with surreal characters such as angels and demons. • Like to imitate behaviour of adults. • Like to do things the same way and are reluctant to try new things. • Able to take more responsibilities. • Like watching TV and movies, listening to radio. • Understand gender differences between boys and girls, but still willing to play together. Recommended diet • Develop the right habit of eating the Five Food Groups to keep the right nutritional balance. • Drink milk and clean water. • Children this age like snacks and soft drinks. This should be kept to the minimum to prevent future problems such as tooth decay and obesity Recommended activities • Learn to read and write objectively. • Learn basic mathematics • Learn to play sports such as football, badminton, basketball. • Learn to paint. • Play with jigsaws or Lego blocks • Clay moulding. • Watch cartoons and movies for kids. Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Age ranges

12-14

Yrs

Development milestones • Find it hard to take criticisms but like to criticise others. • Appreciate being treated like adults. • Girls this age are more mature than their male peers. • Are emotionally sensitive. Like to do things they love and are resistant to do things they don’t. • Begin to show interest in magazines and newspapers. • Boys and girls this age tend to mix with friends of the same gender. Boys may be interested in sports and science while girls may show interest in novels and housework. Recommended diet • Maintain the habit of eating food in all the Five Food Groups. • Milk is still recommended to help strengthen the bone structure. • Always eat clean and well-cooked food. Recommended activities • Read youth literature as well as fantasy and science-fiction novels. • Read a variety of good books. • Learn to role play. • Learn to create handicrafts. • Learn to conduct basic scientific tests.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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Age ranges

15-18

Yrs

Development milestones • Get ready to become young adults. • Friends have influence on their decisions. • Are more open to rational discussions with parents. • Able to analyse abstract concepts • Able to depend on their own self. • Begin to show interest in career development and their future. • Begin dating friends of the opposite gender Recommended diet • Maintain the habit of eating food in all the Five Food Groups. • Focus on protein and carbohydrate intakes to build energy and muscles. • Avoid the bad habits of alcohol drinking and smoking. . Recommended activities • Learn to take full responsibilities in work they are assigned to, such as supervising their younger brothers or sisters. • Learn to develop career-related skills. • Learn to develop interpersonal and opinion-making skills, as well as, to respect opinions of others.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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DO!

DON’T!

• Allocate a safe and friendly space for children within construction sites. • Arrange activities that match the development and interests of children. • Acquire collaboration from all parties concerned to establish the ‘Child-friendly space’ for better quality of life of children in construction sites

• Unauthorised individuals are not allowed in the ‘Child-friendly space’. • The area must be strictly free from smoking, alcoholic beverages, drugs and other kinds of improper and illegal usage.

Rules and Regulations for Using Child-friendly Spaces for Sansiri Construction Sites • The area is to be used primarily for organising activities that promote the lear ning and development of children, as well as, ensuring their safety. • The area is open from 08.00 A.M. to 06.00 P.M. or times can be adjusted to suit different requirements in each location.

• The area is not to be used for any other purpose or for personal use. • Maintaining proper and friendly behaviour towards each other is expected while using the area. • Always clean the area after use. • The area must be strictly free from smoking, alcoholic beverages, drugs and other kinds of improper and illegal usage. Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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What’s in Sansiri ‘Child-friendly Space’ Kit?

Banners supporting the end of child labour have been put up at construction sites of Sansiri and its subsidiaries to demonstrate the commitment of Sansiri and its construction partners, as well as UNICEF to campaign against child labour. Moreover, Sansiri’s business partners have been encouraged to implement the ‘Child-friendly space’ in their construction sites for better safety and quality of life for children living in and near construction sites. In this regard, Sansiri has put together a complete ‘Child-friendly space’ Kit as a step-bystep guideline for interested partners to follow. The Kit consists of the following components.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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1. Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet The Guideline Booklet, available both in Thai and English, clearly specifies in detail how to establish an effective and sustainable ‘Childfriendly space’. This step-by-step guide includes Child Protection Plan, Child Activities Guide, Child Development Milestones, as well as, rules and regulations for using the Childfriendly space. 2. Study Fundamental learning and childdevelopment tools to be featured in the ‘Child-friendly space’ include practice sets for writing A-B-C and basic numbers, bilingual storybooks, jigsaws, paint books, drawing practice sets, UNICEF bilingual posters, pencils, coloured pencils, pens, whiteboard pens and brushes, pencil sharpeners, erasers and crayons.

3. Play Skill-development toys include footballs, table-tennis sets, volleyballs, balloons, balloon hand pumps, jumping ropes and finger puppets. 4. First-Aid Each Child-friendly space is to be equipped with basic healthconscious products such as antibacteria hand-wash gel, hand soap, medical plasters, bandages, anti-bacteria alcohol, cotton pads, saline solution, as well as, household medicines such as Betadine and Vicks VapoRub.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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How to use the Child-friendly Space Kit

1.

2.

3.

Child-friendly Space Guideline Booklet

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