volume 27, issue 7
Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society Inside this issue: Upcoming Events…… 2 General information…….
Letter from the President……………….. 4 Outreach at the Emerald City Reptile Expo …………………...….
“Lonesome George” Dies…………………………... 8 New Antibiotics From the Stinky Frog 9 Skin……….……………………. Australia to Bait and Trap the Cane Toad...
Next Meeting: July 8, 2012 Meeting Location: Highline Community College
Board Meeting 4 p.m.
2400 S. 240th St., Des Moines, WA
General Meeting: 6 p.m.
Speaker Presentation: Jason Weigner will be speaking about “Herping in Bolivia.” . Herp of the Month: Central & South American Herps
Asian Snake Assessment…………………..….... 11 Classifieds……………….. 13
Contacts & Vets……….……………
Membership Application….………. 16 August PNHS Newsletter Deadline:
July 31, 2012
Above: Photos by Jason Weigner. Want to know more? Come to our July meeting to find out!
Upcoming PNHS Events Pa g e 2 Kitsap Branch Summer Meetings 2012: Monitoring for the Western Pond Turtle Project. Contact Troy Barnhatt 360-908-8766 if interested. Summer Outreaches at the Humane Society: Wednesdays throughout the summer Contact Brenda.Huber2pnwhs.org if interested. June 30-July 1, 2012: Kitsap Branch Summer Meeting: Monitoring for the Western Pond Turtle Project. Contact Troy Barnhatt 360-9088766 if interested. July 8th, 2012:
PNHS General Meeting: Speaker: Jason Weigner Topic: “ Herping Adventures in Bolivia” Herp-of-the-Month: Central & South American Herps.
July 11th, 2012:
Outreach: Summer Cub Scout Camp Near Stanwood, WA. Contact: Brenda.Huber@pnwhs.org if interested.
PNHS Adventure/Meeting: On a Saturday in August, in place of a regular meeting, PNHS will be having a field herping adventure/picnic at _ _ _ for members only.
September 9, 2012:
PNHS General Meeting: Speaker: Ron Gagliardo of Amphibian Ark ( tentative ) “ M adagascar Adventures ” Herp-of-the-Month: Herps of Madagascar
Vol. 27 No. 7
General information & guidelines re
PNHS’ Monthly Meetings are a great place to learn something new, purchase feeders at a discount, and meet new people
General Information The Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society (PNHS) is a non-profit organization registered with the State of Washington. PNHS is dedicated to the education of its members and the public, as well as the conservation, ecology, and captive care and breeding of reptiles and amphibians. The society also takes an active role in legislative and environmental issues affecting these animals and their habitats. Meeting Information PNHS holds its general meeting on the second Sunday of every month (with exceptions for holidays) at 6:00pm at Highline Community College in Des Moines, Building 12 Room 101. Doors open at 5:30. Other business and socialization occurs between 5:30 and 6; then the General Meeting starts. Meetings are open to the public, and the society encourages anyone with an interest in herpetology to attend. Please purchase a membership to show your support for the society. Animal Donations Looking to adopt, release an animal or donate cages and equipment? Please contact the Adoptions Committee by email at firstname.lastname@example.org, or by voicemail at 206- 583-0686. We will contact you and make arrangements. Other Donations The Adoption Committee receives minimal financial support from the Society, so donations of money, food, cages, and equipment are always needed and appreciated. Please contact the Adoption Chair to make a donation. Adoptions To adopt an animal that is in the care of the Committee, you must be present at the meeting, be a current member (of at least one month), and be over 18 years of age or have parental consent. For more details see the web site or contact the Adoption Chair. Newsletter Information A monthly newsletter absorbs the lion’s share of the price of a PNHS membership. In order to keep it interesting, we encourage contribution of original articles, book reviews, letters, ads, and cartoons for publication. Items for incorporation into articles are also welcome, though with no guarantee of their use. Submissions may be sent to the Newsletter Committee or to the Society through the contacts listed on our Contacts page.
Above: Both Green Tree Python Photos courtesy of the Adams’ Family.
Editorial Policy The views expressed in this publication are solely the views of the authors and not necessarily the views of the Society, its members, or the Newsletter Committee. The Newsletter Committee reserves the right to edit all submissions including advertisements.
Letter from the President By Brenda Huber
Vol. 27, No.7
“It made a difference for that one.” “The Star Thrower” by Loren Eiseley (1907-1977) Once upon a time, there was a wise man who used to go to the ocean to do his writing. He had a habit of walking on the beach before he began his work. One day, as he was walking along the shore, he looked down the beach and saw a human figure moving like a dancer. As he got closer, he noticed that the figure was that of a young man, and that he was reaching down to the shore, picking up small objects, and throwing them into the ocean. He came closer still and called out "Good morning! May I ask what it is that you are doing?" The young man paused, looked up, and replied, "Throwing starfish into the ocean." "I must ask, then, why are you throwing starfish into the ocean?" asked the somewhat startled wise man. To this, the young man replied, "The sun is up and the tide is going out. If I don't throw them in, they'll die." Upon hearing this, the wise man commented, "But, young man, do you not realize that there are miles and miles of beach and there are thousands of starfish all along every mile? You can't possibly make a difference!" At this, the young man bent down, picked up yet another starfish, and threw it into the ocean. As it met the water, he said, "It made a difference for that one." __________________________________________________________________________________
Here at PNHS, not a week goes by without several phone calls or online requests to surrender unwanted animals. Currently, we have a waiting list of animals for entry into our foster program. It’s a similar situation to the above story: so many animals needing help. Rather than surrendering to the enormity of the task, our PNHS foster homes are making a difference, one reptile, one amphibian, or one chelonian at a time.
Do you want to make a difference, too? PNHS offers a variety of ways that you can help: 1) Become a foster home for PNHS. (You can pick and choose exactly which type of animal(s) you would like to foster. PNHS provides all equipment, food, and veterinary costs. You provide the attention and care the animals need.)
Vol. 27, No. 7
Letter From The President Continued…. 2) Donate money, equipment or food items to our foster program. We are happy to provide a tax receipt for your records. 3) Speak up! Voice your opinion to pet stores that you see continue to sell babies of the “Top Three” species we get requests for surrender in the Pacific Northwest: A.
Red Tail Boa Constrictors
4) Participate in any of PNHS’ Outreaches and help educate the public to research a pet prior to bringing it home, especially the size it will be when fully grown. 5) Spread the word about PNHS’ foster program to your family and friends. 6) Report sightings of invasive species to your state’s Department of Fish and Wildlife. It is illegal to introduce non-native wildlife into the environment. ______________________________________________________________________________________ Speaking of the above, a situation occurred just a week ago. We received a call about “the largest turtle I’ve ever seen” at the side of the road in a North Seattle residential area. When we arrived, we found an adult Common Snapping Turtle, Chelydra serpetina, hissing at the side of a busy 35 m.p.h. road. Some neighbors then arrived carrying a large black tub with the intent of “catching it and putting it back in the lake.” We persuaded them to let us use the tub to catch the turtle and turn him over to a sanctuary permitted and experienced with snapping turtles. PNHS made a difference for that one, and also made a difference to the native Seattle wildlife no longer in danger of becoming “snapper buffet.”
- Brenda Huber President
Above: Adult Common Snapping Turtle in the black tub that residents were going to use to throw him back into a Seattle lake. On the way to DFW, he managed to bite through the hard plastic several times, and completely climb out of the 2’ tall tub. He easily could have taken off a finger (and wanted to, as well…)
Vol. 27, No. 7
Outreach at the Emerald City Reptile Expo By Aimee Kenoyer Hey PNHS – So how about that ECRE outreach? That was UNREAL! I had such a great time, and we had so many really awesome people and animals working the room that day. The final animal list was over 50 species, and we had over 60 total volunteers throughout the weekend in our section! Although we had hoped for a little more traffic throughout the weekend, it was so great to have time to thoroughly answer questions, and to allow members of the public to interact at length with our herps. One thing I was able to see several times over the course of the weekend was the expression on a person’s face the very first time they touched a reptile – and I never, ever get tired of seeing those eyes widen at the sensation. I also got to see Pig – ah, Pig! – help a few people overcome their fear of snakes with her sweet ways and gentle curiosity. Lizzie was fabulous, and extremely tolerant through a very long weekend. Donatello – at almost 100 pounds! – was a big hit with kids, and their folks. Outreach isn’t just for the public; I also got to meet some cool critters! Chris’ PeachThroat Monitor was just awesome-on-a-stick, and there were several very sweet pets of PNHS members that I’d never had a chance to meet. I’d also like to thank Romana for taking several very nice photos during the event, and for posing so patiently with her lovely citrus Beardie! Below: Romana & bearded dragon. Right: Thrilling a crowd of onlookers. Pictures courtesy of R. Pernag.
Vol. 27, No. 7
ECRE Outreach continued... To my list of volunteers, I can’t thank you enough and I appreciate everything you contributed to make that happen! Rae Grainger Mary Fullerton Tim Carpentier Romana Pernaa Troy and Kathleen Barnhart Eric Robinson & family Scott & Shani Frayo
Above: Outreach Rockstar “Lizzie” the green iguana always has time for a relaxing brushing. Photo by R. Pernag.
Traci Perrin & family
Below: “Donatello,” the rescued sulcata tortoise claiming territory at the ECRE. Photo by R. Pernag.
Ryan Smart Laura Hames & family Mel Kreachbaum Erik Robertson & family David Byrne & family Patience O’Donnell
Jenn Davies & family
Karl Brown & family
Kimber VanSensus & family
Jen Astion & family
Debbie Robinson & family
Amanda Cohn & family
Allison & Nathan Vlaun
Maggie Nichols & family
a big thank you for making the Emerald
To our PNHS volunteers, City Reptile Expo 2012 a raging success!
Vol. 27, No. 7
Galapagos Tortoise â€œLonesome Georgeâ€? Dies Reprinted with permission from HerpDigest, posted June 25, 2012.
Lonesome George, the last remaining tortoise of his kind and a conservation icon, has died of unknown causes in Ecuador's Galapagos Islands. The giant tortoise was found in 1972, and was thought to be about 100 years old. Lonesome George was a symbol of Ecuador's Galapagos Islands, which attracted 180,000 visitors last year.
Photo of Lonesome George courtesy of Wikipedia Creative Commons.
The head of the Galapagos National Park, Edwin Naula, says "his life cycle came to an end" on Sunday (local time.) "This morning the park ranger in charge of looking after the tortoises found Lonesome George; his body was motionless," he said.
Lonesome George was the last member of a species of giant tortoise from La Pinta, one of the smallest islands in the Galapagos. The giant Galapagos tortoises, which can live up to 200 years old, were among the species that helped Charles Darwin formulate his theory of evolution in the 19th Century. Mr. Naula says the Galapagos National Park is considering embalming George's body so that it can be displayed in the park. The park plans to carry out a necropsy to determine what may have killed the tortoise. Scientists had been trying to get George to mate since 1993, when they introduced two female tortoises of a different subspecies into his pen. They laid eggs twice, but they were infertile. The pen where George lived was visited by thousands of tourists every year, who often had to scramble with each other to take pictures of one of the rarest creatures on Earth. Tortoises were hunted for their meat by sailors and fishermen to the point of extinction, while their habitat has been eaten away by goats introduced from the mainland. Some 20,000 giant tortoises still live on the Galapagos.
Vol. 27, No. 7
Pa g e 9
New Antibiotics from Stinking Frog Skin Species Reprinted with permission from HerpDigest, Vol. 12, #25, 6/16/12
MUMBAI: Scientists in China are working on a research to develop a new generation antibiotics from the skin of stinking frog species. So far, the scientists have identified more than 700 chemical substances from nine species of odorous frogs. Researchers have also found that foul smelling frogs not only offer clues to prepare a new range of antibiotics but boost human immune system against bacterial attacks. Stumbling upon this new development, scientists have taken into account the simple fact that the 'rotten fish' smelling frogs, could survive the worst bacterial attacks in their life span as their skin emits some chemical substances that have the anti-bacterial properties. China 's National Basic Research Programme and the National Natural Science Foundation are funding the research. "We are trying to identify the specific Anti-Microbial Peptides (AMPs) that account for almost one-third of all peptides found in the world, the greatest known diversity of these germ-killing chemicals," said scientists, Yun Zhang, Wen-Hui Lee and Xinwang Yang. "Long back scientists have recognized frog's skin as a rich potential source of new antibiotics. Frogs live in warm, wet places where bacteria thrive and have adapted skin that secretes chemicals, known as peptides, to protect themselves from infections," explained the scientists. Earlier in a similar case, a drug from the poison of 'Bufo Rana', a toad specie was prepared in Homoeopathy to treat various disorders including nervous troubles, paralysis, rheumatism and impotence. Homoeopathic Bufo is made from the poison of the toad. The toad releases poison when it is teased or irritated. It can paralyse a dog. The Chinese were the first to apply dried toad poison for a variety of complaints. On one hand when the frogs are being used for a variety of purposes such as study subjects in labs and as food delicacies in a variety of cuisine like 'jumping legs' in restaurants, environmentalists are worried that large scale butchering of frogs may disturb the environment as these amphibians have been protecting the environment by killing the harmful disease causing bacteria and insects. Killing the frogs is a punishable offense under the World Life (Protection) Act in many countries.
Vol. 27, No. 7
Australia to Bait and Trap Cane Toads Reprinted with permission from HerpDigest, Vol. 12, Issue 25, Dated: 6/16/12
SYDNEY, Australia, June 13 (UPI) -- Australian scientists say the poison invasive cane toads use to devastate native species could be turned into a weapon against the toads themselves. Researchers at the University of Sydney, in collaboration with the University of Queensland, have determined the poison can be used as 'bait' in traps set in bodies of water to catch toad tadpoles.
Above: The Cane Toad. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia Images.
The biggest hurdle to eliminating cane toads is that a single clutch of eggs laid at a time by one female can number 30,000 or more, they said.
"This means that even if you catch and kill 99 percent of the adult toads in an area, the few that are left can produce so many offspring that before you know it you are back to where you started -- just as many cane toads as ever," Sydney researcher Rick Shine said. The scientists found secretions from the shoulder glands of dead toads can be used to bait traps, as it is cheap, easy to obtain and highly attractive to cane toad tadpoles but repels the tadpoles of native frogs. "A chemical 'bait' created from the toads' poison is a real magnet for [cane] toad tadpoles," Shine said.
...a single clutch can number 30,000 or more ...
- Rick Shine , Sydney , "When we use this chemical as bait in a funnel-trap we catch thouAustralia researcher sands of toad tadpoles and almost nothing else," he said. "In one natural pond, we collected more than 40,000 toad tadpoles in less than a week. And I think we got them all -- over the next few weeks, not a single toad emerged from that pond."
Cane toads, initially brought into the country to control beetles threatening sugar cane plantations, are spreading through tropical Australia with a devastating impact on native species, researchers said.
Vol. 27, No. 7
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Supports First Major Conservation Assessment of Asian Snakes Reprinted with permission from HerpDigest, Vol. I2 issue 26, 6/22/12
USF&WS Press Release 6/20/12 --The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) released on June 19 an assessment supported by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service that added 384 species of snakes found in China and South East Asia to the IUCN's Red List, the most comprehensive information source on the status of plant and animal species worldwide. Asian snakes are harvested in large numbers for the international skin trade and are also used as food and for traditional medicines. Despite this active market in snakes and their products, the Asian snake trade is one of the largest underregulated segments of wildlife trade globally. "We are deeply concerned about the impact that trade may have on wild populations of Asian snakes," said Teiko Saito, Assistant Director for International Affairs. "We are confident, however, that the strong commitment from both the United States and China to better understand the impact of this trade will help to inform conservation decisions and priorities." An IUCN Red Listing workshop, funded by the Service, was held in Beijing in August 2011. It brought together Asian snake experts from around the world and resulted in the species assessments that were just added to the Red List. The Service provided both technical expertise and funding for this effort.
Vol. 27, No. 7
Pa g e 1 2
Asian Snakes Assessment, continuedâ€Ś.
Of the 384 snake species assessed by IUCN, 103 were categorized as "data deficient," meaning that there is not enough information available to determine the conservation status of the species. Research on snakes has long been under-funded and trade data are rarely maintained. Some reports indicate that wild populations are declining in China due to habitat destruction and harvest for trade. Still, the threats to wild populations and the implications of the trade are poorly understood. The IUCN assessments are a critical first step in identifying threats to Asian snakes and determining where conservation efforts will be most effective to ensure the long-term survival of the species. In addition to the IUCN Red Listing workshop, the United States and China jointly proposed a technical workshop to consider the conservation priorities, management, and enforcement needs related to the trade of snakes in Asia at the 15th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP15) to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), held in Doha, Qatar in March 2010. CITES is an international agreement initiated in 1973 and since then ratified by 175 countries (referred to as "Parties") to protect wild animals and plants against over-exploitation as a result of international trade. The workshop proposal, the first-ever joint document submission to CITES from the United States and China, drew international attention to the Asian snake trade. The proposal was adopted by the Parties at CoP15, and a technical workshop, funded by the Service and hosted by China, was held in April 2011. The conservation and trade management recommendations of the workshop are currently under review and will be considered for adoption by the CITES Parties at CoP16 in March 2013.
Pa g e 1 3
Providing food to the Zoological and Pet Trade since 1995
10 pack $1.25
$2.75 per lb.
ASF $10 live
Frozen 10 packs @ 2.00 each
Other meats available upon request: Deer, Cow, Chicken, Duck, Quail and Fish All rodents are created by Slippery Creek Ranch (SCR), meaning SCR can control the nutrition and quality of the rodents. This is accomplished by having a consulting Vetrinarian, Dr. Adolf Maas from Avian and Exotic Animal Hospital in Bothell, WA. We apply rigorous sanitation standards in our facility. SCR can offer advice on how to feed difficult animals, discuss size of prey and give you tips on how to best to keep your rodents in the freezer to insure freshness. we are a family owned and operated business since 1998. Our longevity in this industry has earned us a customer base like: Geovanni and Paula Fagioli (owners of the Bean Farm), Ernie Wagner, the Woodland Park Zoo and the Point Defiance Zoo. SCR believes that you pay for what you get and this is the reason our company isn't the cheapest on the block, just the best for what you pay for. .
Pa g e 1 4
For Sale: Radiated Tortoises 3 yearling females (sexed via endoscopy) Studbook Registered $2,000.00 each or 3 for $5,500.00 1 large male (weighs 29 lbs.) $4,500.00 1 young adult male $4,000.00 Out-of-state sale only to CBW Permit holder Contact: (206) 363-0162 email@example.com Join the Global Gecko Association Today! The GGA is a six year old international organization dedicated to the needs of all people interested in geckos. Members receive the twice-yearly, full-color journal, “Gekko”, plus “Chit-Chat”, our quarterly newsletter. Annual Membership is $32 US, $34 Canada/Mexico, $36 Overseas. Email: ElizabethFreer@aol.com (503)-436-1064 or www.gekkota.com
Feeder Insects & Rodents I have superworms, giant mealworms, and lots more! Plus, I now carry frozen rodents. Order in advance: special pricing for PNHS members,,as well as quantity discounts!
Bean Farm’s Creative Habitats Slide-Top Aquariums Various sizes available. We can deliver the cages to the meetings, as well as any other item from the Bean Farm catalogue.
For pick up and PNHS meeting delivery.
Please contact us by the Friday before the meeting in order for items to be delivered. Thank you!
Jennifer Sronce (425) 750-0477
Paula & Giovani Fagioli (877) 708-5882
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.beanfarm.com
Advertise in the PNHS Newsletter! Business Card .............................$5 Quarter Page................................$10 Half Page ....................................$15 Full Page .....................................$25 If you would like to place an ad in the PNHS newsletter, please contact: email@example.com GET PUBLICITY FOR YOUR BUSINESS & SUPPORTING PNHS!
Vol. 27, No. 7
Contact Information PNHS P.O. Box 27542
Seattle, WA 98165
General information: 206-628-4740
Area Representatives N King & Snohomish
Brenda Huber 206-334-7168
S King & Pierce
Aimee Kenoyer 206-200-1240
Elizabeth Freer 503-436-1064
Officers for 2012 President
David Brunnelle Carol Dean
Adoptions Coordinator Rachel Shirk
Find us on FACEBOOK!
Recommended EXOTIC VETS Dr. Tracy Bennett
Dr. Elizabeth Kamaka
Dr. Adolf Maas
Dr. Daniel Lejnieks
Bird & Exotic Clinic of Seattle
Kamaka Exotic Animal Veterinary Services
The Center For Bird & Exotic Animal Medicine
4019 Aurora Ave. N.
23914â€”56th Ave. W. #3
11401 NE 195th St.
Seattle, WA 98107
Mountlake Terrace, WA 98043
Bothell, WA 98011
To join PNHS, please print & complete the following application, enclose your yearly or multi-yearly membership fee and return to: PNHS Membership Secretary P.O. Box 27542 Seattle, WA 98165 Membership applications and fees may also be received at the monthly meetings by the Membership Secretary. With your yearly or multi-year membership fee you will receive the monthly PNHS E-Newsletter, access to membership pricing for adoption animals, and the opportunity to participate in the many outreaches and special “Members Only” events held throughout the year.
Please select one of the options below:
Please select your preferred membership category: Individual Membership (One person)
Family Membership (1-2 parents + Children)
Institutional Membership (Institutions/Organizations)
Correspondence Membership (E-Newsletter Only)
Please select the format in which you would like to receive your newsletter: Today’s Date: ___________________________ Joining Kitsap Branch? Yes____No____ Name(s) (please print clearly): ______________________________________________ Parent or Guardian (if member is a minor): ___________________________________ Address: ______________________________________________________________ City: ____________________________________ State: _____ Zip: ______________ Email Address: ________________________________________________________ Phone: _______________________________________________________________ Would you be interested in volunteering for PNHS: YES / NO Please make checks payable to PNHS. Thank you! PNHS only: Membership Expiration Date: _______________________ Contacted: ____