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PAUL YOON

PORTFOLIO

WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT


TABLE OF CONTENTS 01 DESIGN FOR MASTER SMALL BODIES OF WATER OF ARCHITECTURE GRADUATE THESIS 2011 02 FARMING CITY

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D3 NATURAL SYSTEMS COMPETITON 2011/SELECTED FOR EXHIBITION

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03 URBAN VERTICAL FARM 4TH YEAR STUDIO PROJECT

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04 SEATTLE PLEASURE PIER 4TH YEAR STUDIO PROJECT

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05 WSU EXTENSION 3RD YEAR STUDIO PROJECT

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063RDDOG HOUSE YEAR STUDIO PROJECT

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DESIGN FOR SMALL BODIES OF WATER Pathways for Experiencing Missouri Flat Creek Master of Architecture Graduate Thesis 2011 My thesis is about developing small bodies of water that still remain a neglected and abandoned site. In a big city, the waterfront has become a great place for people to hang out. Waterfronts are always filled with varios activities such as performances, water activities, and dining; and people who visit enjoy the place every single time. Going back to the past, waterfronts were dominated by factories, and it was not a precious place like today. Factories used water to operated machines and discharged used water containing lots of pollutants. As a result, waterfronts became dead spaces and caused

serious human diseases. Since then, humans have realized the importance of water and tried to restore their waterfront carefully. So far, it has been successful. People are starting to visit waterfronts again and enjoy their free time. However, these developments are mostly focused on big bodies of water. In other words, small bodies of water are still hardly developed and remain abandoned areas. Misouri Flat Creek is a good example. It is such a small creek flowing in the middle of Pullman. However, it is not recognigible because of the surroundings. Some


CONNECTING MAJOR STREETS Completing the travel route in pullman To Palouse/Spokane, WA SR 27

High Density Residential

High Density Residential

Path w

Low Density Residential Residentia

(P

F

y Wa

la t

ullm an Tra il

N .G

s&

ran dA ve Cre ek

ays)

Commercial Area

Low Density Residential

Stadium

ay

Gr

w

n ee

M

Gr an d

isso u

P

Av en ue

ri

The Junction Point (To Palouse River)

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SR 270 To Colfax,WA

Washington State University Campus

DOWNTOWN

Main Str ee

t

WSU Campus

SR 27 To Colton, WA/Lewiston, ID

1. NORTH ENTRANCE: ACCESS + FILTRATION(URBAN) 2. PATH: SOUND + SPEED 3. PATH: REFLECTION 4. PATH: FILTRATION(STREAM) 5. PATH: STEPPING ISLAND 6. PATH: WATER POOL 7. SOUTH ENTRANCE: ACCESS + PARK

Commcial Area High Density Residential Area Low Density Residential Area

SR 270 To Moscow, ID

AVERAGE DAILY TRAFFIC Tracking the movement of people

2

Pullman Trails & Pathways Map

ays)

Path w

(P

F

y Wa

la t

ullm an Tra il

N .G

s&

ran dA ve Cre ek

To Palouse/Spokane, WA SR 27

Stadium

ay

Gr

w

n ee

M

3

Av en ue Gr and

isso u

ri

The Junction Point (To Palouse River)

SR 270 To Colfax,WA

Main Str ee t

SR 27 To Colton, WA/Lewiston, ID SR 270 To Moscow, ID

ARIAL DIVISIONS Surrounded by residential and commercial area

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parts of Missouri Flat Creek are covered by concrete used for roads, a car wash facility, and buildings, blocking the views to the creek. Many other small bodies of water have the same issue as Missouri Flat Creek. Therefore, I will look for a way of developing small bodies of water through developing Missouri Flat Creek.

isso u

M

ays)

s&

y Wa Stadium

Gr and

P

ay

Av en ue

G

w

en re

u llm an Tra il

F

ri

(P

N .G

la t

5 The Junction Point (To Palouse River)

SR 270 To Colfax,WA

6

Main Str ee

t

Number of Cars

iss ou Gr ri F ee nw lat ay C re Pa ek th

Usability

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15,000 + 10,000 SR 27~ 15,000 To Colton, WA/Lewiston, 5,000 ~ 10,000 ID 2,000 ~ 5,000 (Updated 01-2011)

Data from: City of Pullman, www.pullman-wa.gov

SR 270 To Moscow, ID

Architecture

M

Missouri Flat Creek is located in the city of Pullman. It flows along the side of N. Grand Avenue and joins South Fork River at downtown Pullman. It is a small creek coming from Palouse basin which is 20 miles away to the north of Pullman.

N. G ran dA ven ue

ran dA ve Cre ek

To Palouse/Spokane, WA SR 27

Path w

SITE SELECTION Missouri Flat Creek, Pullman, WA

Missouri Flat Creek

Visibility

Sustainability

One: Usability with experiences of water Two: Visibility with new pathways Three: Sustainability through water filtration

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3

1

MISSOURI FLAT CREEK NORTH ENTRANCE WATER FILTRATION(URBAN) + ACCESS POINT + PATH

PATH SURFACE TREATMENT

2

MISSOURI FLAT CREEK WATER PATH WATER SOUND + WATER SPEED + PATH

3

MISSOURI FLAT CREEK WATER PATH WATER REFLECTION + PATH

4

MISSOURI FLAT CREEK WATER PATH WATER FILTRATION(STREAM) + PATH


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5

5

MISSOURI FLAT CREEK WATER PATH STEPPING ISLAND + PATH

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MISSOURI FLAT CREEK WATER PATH WATER POOL + PATH

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MISSOURI FLAT CREEK SOUTH ENTRANCE ACCESS POINT+ PUBLIC PARK

CONCLUSION

Greenway Path Missouri Flat Creek N.Grand Ave. Sidewalk

pathway

water experiences

pathway

New Pathway


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Like a waterfront in a big city, small bodies of water can be integrated with a community as well. It can provide us a place to hang out and have water experiences. It has its own beauty that we should respect. It provides more opportunities to bring people close to nature than big bodies of water because small bodies of water exist within small communities. There is no need for a car. Simply take a walk or bike there. It is a private garden for all and a home for small creatures. Missouri Flat Creek is one of these small bodies of water. As I stated at the beginning, my thesis has been developed based on three considerations: usability with experiences of water; visibility with a new path; and sustainability through water filtration. These considerations are basic elements that should apply into every development on small bodies of water. The Missouri Flat Creek development design is a showcase to let people know how to apply these basic elements into the design of future developments on other small bodies of water. The amouant of time that I spent at the creek and struggling with my design was worth more than I can explain; it was the key to come up with my final design solution. ‘Follow as water flows’ ; like my initial concept, nature itself will suggests the design, the designer only needs to follow its path. The answers will be there on the way.


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CURRENT FARMING SITUATION - URBAN vs. RURAL URBAN AREA(URBAN VERTICAL FARM)

Building focused Farming area applied into Building Vertically oriented Limited on land use for farming

RURAL AREA(TYPICAL) Storage + Housing

Town

High-value items are mainly cultivated

Farming activity focused Buildings are mostly storages and houses A town located outside of farming area Horizontally oriented Widly opened farming site Mass production Focused on single item

Farming site separated from town Enveloping

Occupying

Storage + Housing

Farming occur within a city’s boundary Occupying Underground

Farming site on hill

Town

FARMING CITY

New Urbanization Form for Farming Land D3 Natural Systems Competition 2011/Selected for Exhibition

Problems

Thoughtless development, pollution, overpopulation, traffic congestion, and unemployment are common problems in an urban area. Those problems are always recognized as big problems. City planners and developers have tried to find solutions for a long time, but the problems are still there. Nevertheless, people are gathering around big city. On the other hand, rural areas have suffered by a decrease in population. The local economy has been stagnant. Poor transportation conditions, public services, and job opportunities make people to leave their hometown. Those rural areas are mostly dedicated to agriculture. The primary industry, farming for instance, is a major means of living. However, farming also has several hard issues that have to be solved. Although both urban and rural areas have problems, rural areas have always been left behind. Most developments are focused on urban areas. As a result, urban areas are getting crowded and complicated, while rural areas are falling into death. Architecture also ignores the situations on rural areas. Therefore, the intent of this project is focusing on chronic problems of rural areas and finds a way that can solve the problems by suggesting a new urbanization form that fit into situations that rural areas have. The new urbanization form mainly suggests combining farming and manufacturing, creating a city with several sets of small underground community units, and use of natural conditions to operate community building units such as wind power generator, natural ventilation, cooling and heating.


TYPICAL BOUNDARIES OF URBAN AND RURAL AREA

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TYPICAL RELATIONSHIP STRUCTURE OF URBAN AND RURAL AREA Less than 100,000

1,000,000 or UP PUBLIC TRANSIT

PUBLIC TRANSIT

Secondary Tertiary industry industry

Tertiary industry

Primary industry

Info. industry

Primary industry

Median Household Income 20,000 ~ 50,000 per Year

Median Household Income 50,000 ~ 70,000 per Year

Extended: Boundaries are uncertain and keep extending

Isolated: Clear boundaries between urban area and farming land stagnant economic growth

Major City / Metropolis Secondary City Parasite town Rural Area Boundaries Urban Area Boundaries

MOVEMENTS BETWEEN URBAN AND RURAL

Crop(Product)

CURRENT PRODUCT-DELIVERY SYSTEM

Extra cost added

Educations

Consumption GoodsP

eople

Attractions/Events

Capital/Investment

30% of Product wasted

Harvesting

Silo/Storage Rural

Transport

Factory/Manufacture Suburb

Transport

Market

Home

Urban

Product Freshness 100%

60~50%


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SPOKANE

Palouse Region

General View

SITE ANALYSIS - Palouse Region

Road System Hillside Farming

Farming/Harvesting WASHINGTON

IDAHO

Housing

COLFAX

DESIGN STRATEGES - The New Urbanization Form for Farming Area The New Urbanization Form

Industrial

Industrial

Farming

+

Farming

+

PULLMAN

Industrial

Farming Commercial

Residential

+

Wind Power Plant

MOSCOW

Commercial

Residential

Connecting Commercial Industrial

Residential

Farming

+

Industrial

Farming Commercial

Residential

+

FARMING RANGE AROUND CITY/TOWN

Commercial

Residential

Monolithic Building

Winter View

Forming a City

Design Inspiration Stru ctu re Lin e

Harv es t

Connecting

Harvesting Line

The Palouse is a region of the northwestern United States, encompassing parts of southeastern Washington, north central Idaho and, in some definitions, extending south into northeast Oregon. It is a major agricultural area, primarily producing wheat and legumes. Situated about 160 miles (250 kilometers) north of the Oregon Trail, the region experienced rapid growth in the late 19th century, for a brief time surpassed the population of the Puget Sound region of Washington. The region is home to two land grant universities, the University of Idaho in Moscow and Washington State University in Pullman. Located just eight miles (13 km) apart, both schools opened in the early 1890s.

Residnetial Tower

e

Ha rve s

Str uc tu re Lin

Line ing Residnetial Tower

ine gL tin

Focused on farming

Architectural Structure/Area Divisions

Solar Panel Applied

Sustainable System Applications Farming Site Storage/Housing

Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID Grain Elevator

Power Generating Plan

Wind Turbine

Current

Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID Rain/Snow

Farming Site

Water Supply

New Storage System Supply

Storages

Collecting Storm Water + Groound Water Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID

Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID Heat

Farming Site

Applying Industrial Area

Heat

Transfer Heating Green House

Manufacturing Factory/Laboratory Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID

Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID

Farming Site Commercial Area Transporting Area Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID

Cooling (Summer)

Blocking Heat

Applying Commercial and Transporting Area

Residential Tower

Keeping Cool Inside

Pullman, WA

Moscow, ID Ventilation Tower

Farming Site Access to Farming Site

Ventilation

Applying Residential and Public Area

Access to Farming Site

Public/Green House Area Pullman, WA

Heating (Winter)

Moscow, ID

Air

Pullman, WA

Air

Moscow, ID


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Recycling Container

CONCLUSION

Solving Problems

By combining farming and manufacturing, the population will increase as of needs of workers. It simplifies the lines of transporting systems, save time and money, and also prevents wasted of product. Moreover, stable financial support can be available for farmers. Manufacturing firm helps farmer by researching and supporting on preventing pests and diseases as well as improving seeds. Underground community can keep the land for farming, and prevent excessive expansion of a city. It also helps heating, cooling, and ventilating the community building naturally. Use of Natural power to operate community building can protect local environment and make itself to be a stand-alone free energy city. SITE ING RM FA

Manufacturing

+

Transporting

Storage

Market

Home 1. Improving Transporting System

Harvesting

Residential Tower

Investment 2. Improving Interaction among Cities

Green House

Becoming Stand-alone city Industrial

Farming Commercial

Storages

Residential

3. Stable Financial Support for Entire Community

Industrial/Manufacturing Area

Underground

Transporting Area Access to Farming Site

Underground

FARM ING

Underground

Underground

SI

TE

Commercial Area City Unit Community Unit

Connecting Bridge


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URBAN VERTICAL FARM New Habitat for Farming and Human in San Francisco 4th Year Studio Project


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SITE ANALYSIS

Applying pennynsula form into designing form

Conceptual Drawings

NORTH ELEVATION

DESIGN CONCEPT

PROJECTING THE CITY INTO THE URBAN VERTICAL FARM The most challenge was to make connection between the urban vertical farm and the city of San Francisco. The farm is an organism of natrue and the cityscpae is an organism of human habitat. Once I realized that, I tried to project the cityscape of San Framcisco into the vertical farm, and ďŹ anally those two organism became one organism that representing urban vertical farm of San Francisco.

WEST ELEVATION


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1

FARMING AREA

2

RESTAURANT/SKY LOUNGE

3

4


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FLOOR PLANS 1. OFFICE AREA PLAN 2. RESTAURANT/SKY LOUNGE PLAN 3. RESEARCH/LABORATORY/TRAINING AREA PLAN 4. FARMING AREA PALN 5. RESIDENTIAL AREA PLAN

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SECTION


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SEATTLE PLEASURE PIER The Story of Seattle

4th Year Studio Project


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SITE ANALYSIS

CONCEPTUAL DRAWINGS

DESIGN CONSEPT

THE STORY OF HAPPINESS Whenever people visit some places, the memory becomes a good source to remember a moment. This memory is came out from speciďŹ c experiences at the place. for this project, I tried to encourage people to experience a great moment at the pier. This pier includes various contents about the city of seattle, so whatever they experience at the pier, it is about seattle. In addition, the picture frame bridge especially suggests where people need to look at.


17 FLOOR PLANS 1. RELAXING ZONE 2. ENTERTAINING ZONE 3. COMFORT ZONE 4. HAPPY ZONE 5. MARINA

PICTURE FRAME BRID

3


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Story Telling Bridge

DGE

Story Telling Board Wall

Story Telling Pathway

SECTION


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WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY Extension at Snohomish County, WA 3rd Year Studio Project


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A Program Composition

DESIGN CONCEPT DE-CUBE

The cubes are chosen to represent the physical form of program. Then each cube are categoriesed and placed carefully on the site. By doing that it makes easy to ďŹ gure out how much space are need for this project. Once the expeiment is done with the cubes, I tried to transform those cubes to architectural format, so that it can loose the feels of cube.

Program arrangement


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FLOOR PLANS 1. LOBBY 2. IT/MEDIA CENTER 3. CONFERENCE ROOM 4. LIBRARY 5. RECEPTION ROOM 6. LABORATORY/TRAINING ROOM 7. CLASS ROOM 8. OFFICE AREA 9. ARCHIVE 10. ROOF GARDEN 11. STORAGE

NORTH ELEVATION


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WALL SECTION

SECTION


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DOG HOUSE

Contemporary Home for Abandoned Dog 3rd Year Studio Project

DESIGN CONCEPT

LINES BECOME A MASS

In this project simple lines become a envelope that covers a space. By using that, I tried to make negative space and positive space, and it works well with lines


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Axonometric Drawing

Elevation Drawings


FIELD SKETCH Hotel Whitcomb, SF 09.30.2009


Copyright Š 2012 by Paul Hosik Yoon Washington State University School of Architecture and Construction Management

Portfolio 2012  

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