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P C LAL Interior Designer

MANIFESTO


“Design can be art, Design can be aesthetics. Design is so simple, that’s why it is so complicated” - Paul Rand


P C LAL Interior Designer

DESIGN MANIFESTO Interior Architecture and Design BA (Hons) Professional Development 2:: Professional Practice and Employability Tutor: Caroline Walsh Student : PC Lal


CONTENTS

1.. CREATIVE POTENTIAL

1

Profile

4

Network

5

Identity

7

Portfolio

13

2.. PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE

45

Design Service

47

Fee Structure

52

CPD Map

57

Code of Conduct

59


63

Legislation

65

Construction

73

Project Management

80

References

88

4. MOCK UPS

89

CONTENTS

3.. TECHNICAL UNDERSTANDING


CREATIVE

1


POTENTIAL

2


INTRODUCTION P Chiranji Lal I was born and brought up in Bangalore , India and was very interested in engineering from young age. Creative design and Architecture has always inspired me. Having Civil Engineering background and 26 years of designing and practical experience it has been an enriching journey of designing and executing some landmark projects, but I always felt there is lot more to do. Looking forward to design challenging and creative structures.

+91 99450 54032 designshelter.bangalore@gmail.com www.designshelter.in Bangalore, India 46 years

3

I have completed 200+ projects which includes Consultancy, Architectural design, Interior design, Structural design, 3d modeling and walk through etc.


PROFILE WORK EXPERIENCE

EDUCATION Schooling Technical Computers Others

: St. Josephs High School, Bangalore (1989) : Diploma in Civil Engineering. (1989-1992) : BA Interior Architecture and Design(Hons), 2019 : Post graduation Diploma in computer application PGDCA (1995) : Architectural Imagination from Harvard edx.(2017))

1. Worked as Project Engineer from 1993 - 1996 in Talpady Construction Pvt. Ltd., 2. Worked as supervisor in Interior designing firm in Muscat, Oman for two years. 3. Worked as Project Engineer from in Adwin Construction, Vijayanagar, Bengaluru – 560040. 4. Worked as Project Manager from 19989 - 2001 in Nacons Constructions, Jayanagar, Bengaluru - 560041 5. Successfully running my own Company from 2001 to date

DESIGN AMBITION Having worked in Civil Engineering and Interior field for a long time and gaining sufficient practical and Technical knowledge, I want to enhance my skills academically in the field of Interior designing. I have an ambition to design large public ,commercial spaces and also residential interior of my own projects

RECOGNITION •

Successfully designed and Executed Luxurious and high end residence of Mr. MC Mohan, It was inaugurated by former Prime minister of India. Designed a Resort project in an extent of 50 acres of land

SKILLS Professional MS OFFICE PHOTOSHOP

Language HINDI ENGLISH

REVIT 3D MAX AUTOCAD STAADPRO

KANNADA TAMIL TELUGU

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NETWORKS

5


Govt. tenders

Sub tenders

Marketing team

Relatives

Friends

Family

Tenders

Clients

Referrals

Supplier s

Dhiraj, Austin plywood Suresh, Hecker kitchen Raju, Prakash hardware Anil, Phillips

Marketing team

Walkin Clients

New Clients Repeat Clients

Social Media

PC Lal

Clients

Parashiva Constructions Kolor Interiors Powertech Engineers Haigreva Developers Sailaxmi developers GTVP

Client relatives Referral from existing Clients

Clients friends Face book

Family

Agents

Personal

Classmates Friends

Mails

Meetings

Marketing

Relatives

Mediators

Website Competitions

Colleagues Peers, IDI Anthony Quinn Debbie Stevenson Jasdeep Kaur Edmond Lai Carley Burge

Muniraju, Syndicate bank

Groups Marketing Executives Promotions

Events Exhibitions Seminars

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IDENTITY

7


Business Card Front

Back

8


Promotional Card Front

9

Back


Letter Head Paper

Compliment Slip

10


Visual Identity pack Complimentary Slip Business Card Front

Back

Letter Head paper

Front

Promotional Card

11

Back


Notes

12


PORTFOLIO

13


PORTFOLIO CONTENTS

23 HOSPITALITY

19

27

CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

15 41 FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

31

38 OTHERS

35

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RESIDENTIAL

HOSPITALITY

CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

15 FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

OTHERS

15


RESIDENTIAL

This project is designed on the concept of Fort structures. Fusion design is adopted with the use of Stone and glass to have a contemporary look.

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17

RESIDENTIAL


18

RESIDENTIAL


HOSPITALITY

CORPORATE

19 CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

OTHERS

19


CORPORATE

This Office Interiors is designed for Power Tech Engineers, Here one of the concept was to have a small meeting room from the waiting lobby. If necessity arises the visitors are then led to the conference room for discussions. The partitions are mainly of glass with frosted stickers supported and fixed with SS fixtures. The total office is secured by Biometric access systems.

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21

CORPORATE


22

CORPORATE


23 HOSPITALITY

HOSPITALITY

CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

OTHERS

23


The Ground floor will have the main entry. It will be designed as fast food joint with self serviced facilities. Basement will have a Serviced seating facilities with a more relaxed atmosphere. Full course meal and beverages will be served at the table.�

HOSPITALITY

“The brief is to design a Restaurant with Vegetables as special food. The proposed site has Ground floor and Basement. The main concept is to design the restaurant with two sections Serviced and Self serviced.

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25

HOSPITALITY


26

HOSPITALITY


HOSPITALITY

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EDUCATION

CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

OTHERS

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“The Library design is based on the concept of books being stacked one above the other and the writing material as column of the structure with reference of the research images. The hard cover of books are designed as shelves to hold books (knowledge) and writing material (pencil) is designed as a column which supports the library structure. The main idea behind the concept is to convey a message that books and writing materials are the elements that support our future career and also create an environment of learning space.”

EDUCATION

“In this project the brief was to design a new extension building for an existing primary school. I was the lead designer for this project assisted by my design team right from the beginning. We worked as a team in designing and delivering the finished design”

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29

EDUCATION


30

EDUCATION


HOSPITALITY

PUBLIC

CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

31 OTHERS

31


PUBLIC

The Project was to design a Resort with a 4 star hotel which should include a large Swimming pool, Children play area, Cottages, Restaurant, Amphitheatre, jogging track etc. The total extent of land for the resort is 50 acres out of 200 acres. The further expansion plan is to develop a gated community with world class villas and other amenities.

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33

PUBLIC


34

PUBLIC


HOSPITALITY

OTHERS

CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

OTHERS

35 35


OTHERS “The Brief was to design a News Kiosk which should expand when open and contract when closed. The concept is based on telescopic movement. The doors can be swung open to 180 degrees. Some part of the structure can be pulled out and when open, It gives a bigger space. The sliding movement can be designed with hydraulic cylinders and gear mechanism moving on ball bearings.�

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37

OTHERS


HOSPITALITY

CORPORATE

RESIDENTIAL

FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

EDUCATION

LIGHTING

38 OTHERS

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LIGHTING 39

“The Brief is to design the interior light element with the pieces cut using the contemporary technology like Laser or CNC cutting. The requirement is that the design to be cut from no more than 2 standard FSC Plywood sheets of dimension 1200x2400 of various thickness.�


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LIGHTING


HOSPITALITY

FURNITURE

CORPORATE

EDUCATION

RESIDENTIAL

41 FURNITURE

PUBLIC

LIGHTING

OTHERS

41


FURNITURE

The table is designed for a small meeting room with four seaters. It has glass top and the supporting structure is made with MDF and painted with Duco paint.

The conference table is designed with SS supporting legs with a glass top and a glass beam to hold the three legs together. The whole unit is fixed using SS patch fittings and can be dismantled when required.

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FURNITURE


44

FURNITURE


PROFESSIONAL

45


KNOWLEDGE

46


DESIGN SERVICE

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Project brief Client Location Project Construction Budget Timescale

: SKO – The Nordic Shoe Company : London, City, West : Retail Store,200sqm : £200,000 : Design Phase 24 Weeks, Construction 12 weeks

5 stages of Design process 1 2 3 4 5

• Site details • Initial concept • Concept development and approval • Detail drawing • Project execution 48


Site details • Spatial dimensions • Details of finishes and openings • Details of structural elements • Surrounding details • Access and Exits • Existing lighting points • Taking snapshots of every possible detail • Existing Architectural drawings • Potential visitors • Initial brief

Initial concept • Detailed Design brief • Details of company brand colour and elements if available • Customers specific requirements • Proposed budget allotted • Time available for the project completion • Any concept suggestion from the customer

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Concept development and approval • Research with respect to the brief • Create design based on the details collected • Prepare concept drawings with different options • Present the concept to customer and discuss the same • Redesign if necessary as per the discussion • Discuss Materials and colour options. • Take approval of the accepted design

Detail drawing • Fine tune the design finalized • Prepare technical drawings • Create 3d visuals

Project execution • Submit final drawings • Prepare schedule • Co-ordinate with different sub contractors • Check quality and progress at different stages • Final inspection and suggestions.

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In the first stage we will collect the details available in the form of notes, bubble diagram, rough freehand sketches with dimensions, Snapshots of every relevant detail for further reference. In the Second stage we will write down the details of design brief in the form of notes and freehand sketches during discussion with the client, Collect brand colour, fonts and other elements either digital of hard copy from the client. In the third stage we will create concept drawings in the form of conceptual drawings, free hand sketches, perspective, isometric or orthographic drawings, Collages, Mood boards, 3d models etc as per the requirement. In the fourth stage we will prepare Technical drawings like Plans, Elevations, Sectional drawings, Electrical drawings, joineries and any other drawings as per the requirement of the contractors and clients with AutoCAD. Further we will create 3d visuals of the project with 3d Max or any other Computer programs. In addition we will prepare detailed Material list with samples or photographs. Project costing, BOQ will also follow if the client needs. The fifth and final stage requires practical site visits and inspection. It involves quality checking, progress and solving critical issues arising during execution. The solution maybe in the form of drawings or oral explanation. Further there may be need for checking the bills of the various contractors and Final handing over.

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FEE STRUCTURE

52


Project brief Client Location Project Construction Budget Timescale

: SKO – The Nordic Shoe Company : London, City, West : Retail Store, 200sqm. : £200,000 : Design Phase 24 Weeks, Construction 12 weeks

The brief of the project is to design the interiors of the proposed Retail store for the Nordic Shoe Company. It is located in London and has a floor area of 200 sqm.

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Design cost calculation The company has allotted a budget of ÂŁ200,000 000 which is 2,00,000 x 94/-- Rs 1,88,00,000/- (Rupees one Crore eighty eight lakhs only) in Indian currency and the total time to complete the project is 36 weeks out of which 24 weeks for designing process and 12 weeks for construction and Handing over.

Charges for the design work and inspection is considered as 5% of the Total budget

Charges

5% of Rs 1,88,00,000/-

Rs. 9,40,000/-

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Design charges and Time schedule are calculated for different stage of work. Stages of design process

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Time

Amount

1

• Site details

1-2 weeks

5%

2

• Initial concept

2-6 weeks

15%

3

• Concept development and approval

6-15 weeks

15%

4

• Detail Technical drawings

15-24 weeks

40%

5

• Project execution

24-36 weeks

25%


Payment Schedule Stage

Description

%

Amount in Rs.

1

Site details

Site information, Initial brief, Spatial dimensions, feasibility, Project budget.

5%

47,000/-

2

Initial concept

Detailed design brief, Company details, Project time and cost,

10%

94,000/-

3

Concept development

Concept design, project costing, 20% discussion with clients, Final designs and approval.

1,88,000/-

4

Detailed technical drawings

Detailed drawings, 3d Visuals, Project schedule and strategy, Specification, Approvals

40%

3,76,000/-

5

Project execution

Site visits, Quality check, practical critical issues, handing over, suggestions.

25%

2,35,000/-

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CPD MAP

57


Continued professional development (CPD) is a continuous process of learning and acquiring new ideas, skills and knowledge. It can be through academic learning, practical work experience, attending workshops, training programs. Every project we complete teach us something new.

CPD Map Masters in Interior Design from IDI (MBArch) from IE university

Academics Software Acquired skills Marketing skills

Blender, Unreal Engine, Revit, Tally, Photoshop, BIM, Project management from online or nearby institutions New trends, Construction techniques, Project management, Attending workshops, Training programmes, Retail interiors, Green interiors Promotions, learning to speak effectively, Networks, leadership

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CODE OF CONDUCT

59


A code of conduct are a set of regulations that indicates the duties and responsibilities of a group or organization or an individual. These codes bind all the professions to act with its set boundaries, including Interior designing which is a process of designing, planning and construction of Interiors Some of the codes as per the Indian Institute of Interior Designers are: “Serve the interests of his client and the rights of those whose contracts he administers.” Interior designers should employ his best knowledge and skill, give multiple options of conceptual designs keeping in the interest of his client rather than satisfying his own interests. He should provide high quality professional service. “Preserve confidential information derived from his client” Interior designers should not share the personal confidential information of his clients or the concerned project details to others without the written or oral consent of his client. He should not use it for either marketing or promotions of his business which may affect his clients without permission. “Refrain from making any statement that unjustifiably injures the reputation of another designer.” Interior designers should respect other professionals or designers of his own community and recognize their responsibilities. He should maintain his dignity to the highest standards.

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“Encourage qualified young people to study interior design.” Established Interior designers should give opportunities to young and enthusiastic individuals and help those entering in this field. “Contribute to the exchange and advancement of technical information within his field and the allied professions dealing with the art and science of environmental design.” Interior designers should use sustainable materials and method to design the interiors. He should design to maximize the use of natural light, natural materials, solar power, rain water harvesting, non toxic materials and adopt green designs. He should devise new methods and techniques to use the environmental design, thus contributing his part.

Interior Designers must adhere to the code of conduct to establish themselves as a reputed designers or firm. This will lead them to high ethics and gain trustworthiness and respect from the clients and the people with whom we deal regularly.

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BLANK

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TECHNICAL

63


UNDERSTANDING

64


LEGISLATION

65


Project : School Building

Typical floor plan

66


1. Outline - In this project the brief was to design a new extension building for an existing primary school to expand further to high school and pre university level. One requirement of the client was to have a smooth connection between the old and proposed structure. This was achieved by placing the connecting structure which houses Admin offices, Library and auditorium in between the two spaces. The expected audience are children, students who seek to study and the parents.

2. Context - The site is located in a fast developing area at prime location surrounded by roads on three sides. The existing structure on the southeast part of the site is an old and well known primary school. The best part of the site is the existence of roads on three sides wherein the entry gates can be planned on all three sides as entrance for different sections.

3. Legislation 1. Class room size - The Indian Standard, Recommendations for basic requirements of school buildings (2006) state that: “4.5.2 The proportion of the breadth (minimum dimension) to the length (maximum dimension) of the classroom should be not more than 1 : 1.5.� 1

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3. Legislation 2. Selection of site - The Indian Standard, Recommendations for basic requirements of school buildings (2006) state that:

“SELECTION OF SITE 12.1 While selecting the site of school buildings, the following points should be kept in mind: a) Easy accessibility from residential areas; b) Site should be away from heavy traffic roads, rivers, ponds, railway tracks, etc; c) Site should be away from high tension lines; d) The land should not be of made-up up ground unless precautions have been taken for stabilization; e) Site should ensure a good natural drainage; and f) The site should preferably be at a quiet place away from places generating noise and pollution, such as cinemas, factories and shopping centers.�

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3. Legislation 3. Exit requirement - The Indian Standard, Recommendations for basic requirements of school buildings (2006) state that: “14. EXIT REQUIREMENTS 14.1 General - The following general requirements shall apply to exits: a) All exits shall be free of obstructions; b) Exits shall be clearly visible and the routes to reach the exit shall be clearly marked and sign posted to guide the students to the floor concerned; c) All exit ways shall be properly illuminated; and d) Exits shall be so arranged that they may be reached without passing through another occupied unit.�

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4. Response 1. As per IS: 8827 1978 ( Indian Standards ) the typical class room should be of dimension 20’0” x 24’0”” and the number of students should be a max of 40 numbers. The designed dimension of the class room is 20’0”x25’0” and has 40 nos. of seating capacity.

Typical Class room

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4. Response 2. As per IS: 8827 1978 ( Indian Standards ) Location of site should satisfy the said points. a) The school site is surrounded by residential areas on three sides. b) The Main entry of the school is from the residential area side (North) and the medium traffic road is on the backside (South). c) There are no high tension lines in the vicinity. d) The land is a natural ground without filling. e) There is a good network of Corporation drainage and natural drainage can be ensured. f) There are no cinemas, factories and shopping centers nearby.

Commercial area Medium traffic road

Residential area Residential area

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Residential area


4. Response 3. As per IS: 8827 1978 ( Indian Standards ) Exit requirement should satisfy the said points. a) All exits are free of obstructions; b) Exits are clearly visible and it will be ensured that the routes to reach the exit shall be clearly marked and sign posted to guide the students to the floor concerned; c) All exit are designed with optimum illumination (with natural and artificial light) d) Exits can be reached without passing through any other occupied unit.�

Plan showing the Exits and free movement path

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CONSTRUCTION

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Project : School Building

Typical floor plan

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1. Outline - In this project the brief was to design a new extension building for an existing primary school to expand further to high school and pre university level. To ensure the proper enforcement of Building codes the three-stage three process is used Approval : A detailed drawing of the proposed project which shows the specification of materials, spatial dimension, setback details and other technical details in accordance with the local bye laws is submitted to the statutory authorities for approval prior to construction. Inspection : Inspection is carried out by the Consultants, Design team or other engineers at different stages of work to ensure the progress and critical aspects are as per the designs and building code. Certification : After the completion of the work the certified professional inspect the various aspects like design, structural, electrical and environmental to check if it meets the standards. Some of the standards are as below.

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Key aspects of design solution 1.Structure “1.1 This Code from the National building code of India 2016 volume 1 (Part 6/Section 1) specifies basic design loads to be assumed in the design of buildings. The imposed loads, wind loads, seismic forces, snow loads and other loads, which are specified herein, are minimum working loads which should be taken into consideration for purposes of design.” The structure of the proposed school building is designed as Framed structure with RCC columns, beams and Roof slab and the superstructure with solid concrete blocks of various thickness. The recommended loads are considered in designing the structure. 2. Fire Safety “1.1 This Code (Part 4)) from the National building code of India 2016 volume 1 specifies the requirements for fire prevention, life safety in relation to fire and fire protection of buildings. This Code (Part 4) specifies occupancy-wise wise classification, constructional aspects, egress requirements and protection features that are necessary to minimize danger to life and property from fire.”

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The interior spaces are designed as per the Fire prevention and life safety. The passages are designed for unobstructed movement between the exits, Ramp and Stairways considering the building code as shown in the illustration below

FIG 2

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3. Materials “This Code (Part 5) from the National building code of India 2016 volume 1 covers the requirements of building materials and components, and criteria for accepting new or alternative building materials and components.” The materials chosen for the construction of the proposed structure is in accordance with the building code, sustainable and new materials like UPVC doors and windows are proposed. 4. Natural ventilation and lighting “This Code (Part 8/Section 1) covers requirements and methods for lighting and natural ventilation of buildings. Illumination levels for different tasks are recommended to be achieved either by day lighting or artificial lighting or a combination of both. The provisions on mechanical ventilation are covered in Part 8 Building Services, Sec on 3 Air condi oning, Hea ng and Mechanical Ven la on of the Code.” Designing natural ventilation and lighting is one of the important aspect of the design. Several standard s from the building code is adopted to achieve the optimum results.

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Recommendations for lighting and ventilation

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PROJECT MANAGEMENT

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Project : Restaurant

Outline - “The The brief is to design a Restaurant with Vegetables as special food. The proposed site has two floors available, Ground floor and Basement. The main concept is to design the restaurant with two different sections namely Serviced and Self serviced.� The total construction time is considered as 27 Weeks and the schedule is prepared for this time period

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Fig 1, p7, Typical illustration of a class room, Recommendations for basic requirements of school buildings, 2016. Fig 2, p8, Components of means of egress, National building code of India 2016, Volume 1. Fig 4, p32, Nomograph for day lighting and supplemental lighting design of buildings, buildings National building code of India 2016, Volume 2. Fig 8, p42, Sketch of a pelmet type wind deflector, deflector National building code of India 2016, Volume 2. IIID (2018) Code of Conduct, Indian Institute of Interior Designers. Available at: https://www.iiid.in/Cms/index/code-of-conduct conduct Indian Standard, p25, Exit requirement, Recommendations for basic requirements of school buildings, 2016. Indian Standard, p25, Selection of site, Recommendations for basic requirements of school buildings, 2016. Indian Standard, p6, Class room size , Recommendations for basic requirements of school buildings, 2016. National building code of India, 2016, Volume 1. 1 National building code of India, 2016, Volume 2. 2

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MOCK UPS


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MOCK UPS


THANK YOU

DESIGN SHELTER #33, First floor, BDA Complex, Outer ring road, Nagarbhavi 2nd Stage, Bangalore - 560072 +91 99450 54032 080 2321 0570 www.designshelter.in designshelter.bangalore@gmail.com

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