The Patton College Athenaeum

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Charting the Course



On the Cover: “Charting the Course: Where is the College of Education taking you?” Alumni and students use their education and experience in the College of Education to guide them through different career paths. Illustration by Christina Ullman Athenaeum is published annually by the Ohio University College of Education, Office of the Dean, for the faculty, staff, students, alumni and friends of the College. The College of Education welcomes your comments and noteworthy items. Please e-mail or send your letters to: Athenaeum Ohio University College of Education Office of the Dean McCracken Hall 133 Athens, OH 45701 740.593.9449 Visit our web site: Renée A. Middleton, Ph.D. Dean, College of Education Jacque Montgomery President, College of Education Society of Alumni and Friends Editor: Heather Stachler Anerino Design: Christina Ullman, Ullman Design Editorial assistant: Katie Scarlett Brandt Editorial assistant: Natalie LaConte Photographers: Andrew Burkle, Rick Fatica, Jim Korpi, Peter Larson, Emily Marcus Muldoon, Katie Tuttle, Julia VanWagenen Public Affairs interns: R. Devin Hughes, Morgan Lyles, Ashley Showen


Departments 4 6 7 8

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College Notes


Teacher Education: Blended learning

Year in Review

Educational Studies: Budget friendly education technology



Message from the Dean

Counselor Education: OU to UQ


Higher Education: Students helping students Class Notes Guest Perspective: Ohio Governor Ted Strickland

26 Joy of Giving

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Donor Honor Roll New Scholarships Grants

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A new perspective on literacy

OHIO professor Guofang Wan aims to integrate media literacy into the curriculum.


Advancing access

Center for Higher Education receives a grant to study the academic career success of female faculty at community colleges.

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Where is the College of Education taking you?

Alumni and students use education and experience as guides to surprising career paths.


In their own words

What does being a College of Education Holmes Scholar mean to you?

Always a Bobcat


College of Education alumnus C. Daniel DeLawder reminisces about his time as a student and board chair of the Ohio University Board of Trustees.


14 Photos by katie tuttle

Confluence of Quality

Charting the Course


uring this academic calendar year (2009-10), the College of Education has focused on the theme “Confluence of Quality: Collaboration, Commitment and Caring.” As we chart the course to a new future for the College, it is important for us to collaborate across departments, to renew our commitment to the field of Education and to care for our existing and new students, faculty, staff and alumni during this period of transition. 4

Our College is playing a pivotal role in Ohio University’s realignment of academic programs. Beginning July 1, 2010, the College of Education will become the home of several excellent programs currently housed in the College of Health and Human Services. We are thrilled at the academic possibilities and opportunities for synergy that these new programs, students, faculty and alumni will bring to the College, and I hope that you will join me in welcoming them to our academic family. This is but one of the many exciting changes happening at OHIO.

ILLUSTRATION BY christina ullman

By Renée A. Middleton, Ph.D. Dean, College of Education

[message from the dean] On January 11, 2010, President Roderick J. McDavis announced a $13.3 million gift from 1938 alumna Violet L. Patton for the establishment of the Violet L. Patton Center for Arts Education, a new community arts education center that will be operated by OHIO. Just three weeks later, he announced another transformational gift from Miss Patton: $28 million in honor of her parents, Gladys W. and David H. Patton. Pending approval by the Ohio University Board of Trustees on April 10, 2010, we will be known in perpetuity as the Gladys W. and David H. Patton College of Education, in honor of Miss Patton’s parents. We will devote next year’s issue of Athenaeum to honoring the legacy of the Patton family, so please remember to tell us if you’re moving or if you have an alternate address (send updates to COEalumni@ You don’t want to miss it! The philanthropy of Miss Patton is remarkable and surpasses anything we ever could have imagined. It is truly transformational. In last year’s edition, we promised “College Renewal.” We pledged to commit ourselves fully to raising our standard of performance, sustaining our progress, and achieving greater prominence. Thanks to the hard work and unwavering dedication of our faculty, staff, students and alumni, we have fulfilled that promise together. From cutting edge changes in curriculum to innovative research initiatives, our College has taken a leadership role locally, regionally, nationally and internationally. In this issue, you can read about counseling students who used an e-exchange program to connect with their counterparts at the University of Queensland (UQ) [page 10], the experiences of pre-service teachers who have participated in our Partnership Development Schools program [page 41], the benefits of Universal Design Learning in the classroom [page 9], innovative research that aims to integrate media literacy into the curriculum [page 18], and research that seeks to advance access for women in science, technology, engineering and math-related fields [page 19]. As a College, we have engaged the education community. Last year, we answered Governor Ted Strickland’s call for a Conversation on Education by coming together with parents, students, teachers and school administrators to provide input on Ohio’s education system. This year, we expanded on that conversation. Please see page 14 to read COE junior John Tyler’s interview with Governor Strickland and Executive Assistant for Education Policy John Stanford, J.D.

Where is the College of Education taking you? In this edition of Athenaeum, we asked the question, “Where is the College of Education taking you?” (page 20). As our students, faculty and alumni answered that question, I started to think about where the College is taking me. When I began as Dean of the College of Education, I had a five-year vision and plan to position our College for national prominence, and I believe that we are well on our way. Together, we are enhancing the quality of our programs and the strength of our College.

Over the past three years, the following strategic priorities have guided me: • Recruit and retain a diverse faculty and student body; • Increase and enhance research and scholarship; • Increase contracts, grant development and procurement; • Sustain and improve school and community partnerships. We believe that diversity is a core value, so we continue to focus on the recruitment and retention of a diverse faculty and student body through the Rural/Urban Collaborative and other unique initiatives. Data reveals that the College has made significant gains with diversity as a CORE value. We have doubled our diversity, and retention is up by 9 percent since 2005. I am pleased to report that this past October we welcomed a Board of Examiners from the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). The visit closed on October 14, 2009. The Board issued preliminary findings, which stated that we had met each of the six NCATE standards: candidate knowledge and skills; unit evaluation and assessment; field experiences and clinical practice; diversity; faculty qualifications; and unit governance. Under NCATE guidelines, more than 91 percent of our faculty members engage in research or scholarship leading to a refereed or peer-reviewed publication, book, book-chapter, conference proceedings, or professional presentation at national and international conferences. The College is continuing to make steady progress to increase contracts and grant development. Since 2006, the College has been consistently awarded more than $2 million in grant and contract awards, and we hope to reach $3 million over the next three years. Regionally, we are engaged with communities through our Professional Development Schools partnerships and our ongoing efforts with the Coalition of Rural and Appalachian Schools, the Southeast Ohio Teacher Development Collaborative, and the Rural/Urban Collaborative. We established the Communications and Connections Taskforce to advance the work of “creating an aligned, agile, regional system of professional learning that meets the unique education needs of learners and the broader demands of a global society.” I firmly believe that the future depends on our ability to work with our communities, schools and school leaders to prepare educators, practitioners, human service professionals and other partners in higher education who are dedicated to lifelong learning, so I will continue to honor my pledge to you, committing daily to these goals. I sincerely hope that you enjoy reading about the achievements and triumphs of your fellow Bobcats. Together, we are charting our course to an amazing future! If you would like to support any of the initiatives that you read about, please contact me at 5

YEAR Comings & Goings The College welcomes the following new faculty and staff to new positions: Connie Calloway visiting professor, Educational Studies Jennifer Chung visiting professor, Educational Studies Deborah Cochran assistant professor, Teacher Education Becky Fox administrative assistant for grants, Counseling and Higher Education, Educational Studies and Teacher Education Mary Harmison project manager, Morton Chair, Teacher Education John Henning chair, Teacher Education David Horton assistant professor, Counseling and Higher Education Chris Kennedy instructor, Teacher Education Tracy Leinbaugh chair, Counseling and Higher Education Dennis Meade director, Coalition of Rural and Appalachian Schools (CORAS) Jim Salzman executive director, Edward Stevens Center for the Study and Development of Literacy and Language Meghan Volk assistant director, Student Affairs and Upward Bound

Congratulations to our retiree: Early retirement (continues to teach): Jerry Olsheski, associate professor emeritus, Counselor Education


{September} 2008 3rd Annual Convocation and Welcome College of Education students, faculty, staff and alumni came together in Morton Hall to induct the class of 2012 to Ohio University during the 3rd annual Convocation and Welcome Ceremony. Speakers for the event included Dean of Students Ryan Lombardi, College of Education Dean Renée Middleton, local superintendents, faculty and upper-class students. {October} 2008 Fall McCracken Education Lecture Series Mike Brooks, chairman and chief executive officer of Rocky Brands Inc., presented at the fall McCracken Education Lecture Series. Having been named Manufacturing Entrepreneur of the Year for Central Ohio, and one of Footwear News’ Power 50—a ranking of the industry’s most powerful executives and designers—Brooks discussed perseverance and leadership. {January} 2009 Soup and Substance The Dean’s Advisory Committee on Diversity hosted the first of two forums in which community members, students and faculty came together to discuss the impact President Obama has had on the field of education. Panelists included an employee of the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services, a psychologist, a former Obama campaign volunteer and an OHIO student. The second forum, held in April, focused on President Obama’s first 100 days in office, his education policy and the appointment of the Secretary of Education. {January} 2009 Winter McCracken Education Lecture Series Charlotte Westerhaus, B.S.J. ’76 and M.Ed. ’86, delivered the winter McCracken Education Lecture Series keynote address, “Finders Keepers, Losers Weepers: The Dichotomy of Diversity Lost and Found.” As the vice president of diversity and inclusion for the National Collegiate Athletic Association, Westerhaus’ presentation focused on the importance of diversity.

Selected newsworthy events from the College in 2008-09 {April} 2009 Spring McCracken Education Lecture Series Arthur Stellar, B.S.Ed. ’69, M.Ed. ’70, and Ph.D. ’73, visited the College of Education for the spring McCracken Education Lecture Series. Stellar, who currently serves as the superintendent of Taunton Public Schools in Massachusetts, delivered a keynote address titled “The Transformation of Education.” During his presentation, Stellar discussed the power of teachers, the importance of ethics and the transformative nature of education. {April} 2009 John Stanford receives the Samuel I. Hicks Executive in Residence Award John Stanford, executive assistant for education policy to Governor Strickland, accepted the College’s 2009 Samuel I. Hicks Executive in Residence award at the Coalition of Rural and Appalachian Schools (CORAS) monthly meeting. He also toured McCracken Hall and addressed students, faculty and staff in the College during a separate one-hour lecture. {May} 2009 Author Tim Wise visits the College of Education Renowned anti-racist author and educator Tim Wise spoke to Ohio University students, faculty and staff about racism, white privilege, and what he called “post-racial America.” Wise’s books include White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son, Speaking Treason Fluently: AntiRacist Reflections From an Angry White Male and Between Barack and a Hard Place: Racism and White Denial in the Age of Obama. {May} 2009 Morgan County Art Exhibition and Silent Auction The College of Education welcomed students, parents, and teachers to McCracken Hall for the 3rd annual Art Unveiling and Exhibition. Students from Morgan County’s South Middle and Elementary Schools unveiled their artwork on the walls of McCracken Hall during the exhibition. The artwork was featured in McCracken Hall until the Silent Auction in November. Every piece of art received a bid, raising money for the artists and local art programs.

College Notes A sampling of notable faculty, staff and student achievements in 2008-09 VALERIE MARTIN CONLEY, associate professor of Higher Education, published an article titled “Regenerating the Faculty Workforce: A Significant Leadership Challenge and A Public Policy Concern” in the journal TIAA-CREF Institute: Advancing Higher Education. The article discusses the importance of academic freedom and tenure as it applies to the professoriate. Conley also published a chapter in the 2009 National Education Association’s Almanac of Higher Education. Her chapter, titled “Retirement and Benefits: Protecting Ourselves,” describes the retirement landscape in light of the recent economic downturn. TOM DAVIS, professor of Counselor Education and secretary to the Board of Trustees, was awarded the 2009 Herman J. Peters Award from the Ohio Counseling Association (OCA). The award is presented to people who promote innovative ideas and theories in the field of counseling. Davis received the award at the OCA awards ceremony November 5 in Columbus, Ohio. GODWIN DOGBEY, a doctoral student in Mathematics Education, was invited to participate in the AERA-ABS Graduate Student Education Research Workshop. The professional development workshop, which is jointly sponsored by the American Educational Research Association and the Association of Black Sociologists, was part of the 2009 ABS Conference held June 17 to 20 in New Orleans. JOHN HENNING, professor and chair of the Teacher Education Department, co-authored an article titled “The Role of Abduction in Teacher Inquiry: The Collaborative Creation of New Teaching Strategies.” The article was published in the International Applied Semiotics Journal Special Edition 2009.

JOHN HITCHCOCK, assistant professor of Educational Studies, recently published a chapter, “What is Credible Evidence in Education? The Role of the What Works Clearinghouse in Informing the Process,” in the book What Counts as Credible Evidence in Applied Research and Evaluation Practice? He also published an article “Evaluating the Collaborative Strategic Reading Intervention: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trial Options” in Practical Assessment Research & Evaluation, and coauthored an article titled, “Challenges of Evaluating Multilevel Interventions” that was published in the American Journal of Community Psychology. In addition, Hitchcock contributed to an article titled “The Personality Assessment Inventory Borderline, Drug, and Alcohol Scales as Predictors of Overall Performance in Police Officers: A Series of Exploratory Analyses” in Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy. DAVID HORTON, assistant professor of Counselor Education, won the 2009 Outstanding Paper/Dissertation Award from the Southeastern Association for Community College Research (SACCR). JERRY JOHNSON, assistant professor of Educational Studies, and TOM DUNCAN, visiting assistant professor of Higher Education, are part of a team that was awarded an evaluation contract from the Ohio Department of Education: “Statewide Evaluation of MSP Seed Grants for School Year Implementations.” The team is conducting an evaluation of the planning for and implementation of professional development programs for elementary and middle school teachers in two Ohio public school districts. PETE MATHER, assistant professor of Higher Education, published an article on firstgeneration college students in the NASPA Journal, one of the premier journals in the field of College Student Personnel Administration. With co-author Barbara Bradbury, a

graduate of the Higher Education doctoral program, Mather published the article, titled “The Integration of First-year, Firstgeneration College Students from Appalachia Ohio.” Mather also published an article, “Interns at an International, Humanitarian Organization: Career Pathways and Meaning Making,” in the Journal of College Student Development. Mather’s article “Orienting Mid-Level Student Affairs Professionals” was also published in the June 2009 issue of the College Student Affairs Journal. DAVID RICHARD MOORE, associate professor of Educational Studies, published an article titled “Technology Enhanced Distributive Formative Evaluation” in the International Journal on E-Learning. YEGAN PILLAY, assistant professor of Counselor Education, published an article, “The Use of Digital Narratives to Enhance Counseling and Psychotherapy,” in the Journal of Creativity in Mental Health. LINDA RICE, associate dean for outreach and undergraduate studies, authored the article “Writing and Teaching Historical Fiction: The Lantern of Learning with L.M. Elliott,” which was published in the ALAN review. Rice was also selected by the Ohio Department of Education to serve as a member of the Ohio Resident Educator Program Development Committee. MONA ROBINSON, assistant professor of Counselor Education, wrote an article titled “Diversity and Vocational Rehabilitation: Implications for Persons with Dual Diagnosis” in the July 2009 edition of Rehabilitation Counselors and Educators Journal. Robinson was also appointed to the Editorial Consultants Board for the Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, one of the premier journals in the field of rehabilitation. Additionally, she accompanied several Counselor Education students who attended the 16th annual training conference for the National Association for Multicultural Rehabilitation Concerns

(NAMRC) which was held July 23 to 26 in Memphis, Tenn. At the conference, Robinson received the Sylvia Walker Education Award and master’s student MICHELE WILSON received the Student Scholarship Award. SARAH RUSSELL, senior and secretary of the Ohio University Council of Teachers of Mathematics, was one of two students to win the nationally competitive Prospective Teacher NCTM Conference Attendance Award from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. WILLIAM SMITH, interim director of the Curriculum and Technology Center, received an 1804 grant from the Ohio University Foundation. The grant, which was awarded for the purpose of curriculum improvement, will be used it to purchase materials for the Helen M. Robinson Tutoring Center. AIMEE HOWLEY, senior associate dean for research and graduate studies, co-authored an article with doctoral students, Megan Rhodes and Jimmie Beall. Their article, “Challenges Facing Rural Schools: Implications for Gifted Students,” was published in the Journal for the Education of the Gifted. She also co-authored an article titled “Social Class, Amish Culture, and an Egalitarian Ethos: Case Study from a Rural School Serving Amish Children,” which was published in the Journal of Research in Rural Education. Co-authors on that article were Craig Howley, adjunct associate professor, Larry Burgess, assistant professor of Educational Administration, and Drew Pusateri, graduate of the Curriculum and Instruction master’s program. CRAIG HOWLEY, co-director of ACCLAIM and adjunct associate professor of Educational Administration, published an article in the Journal for the Education of the Gifted. The article, titled “The Meaning of Rural Difference for Bright Rednecks,” discusses the issues faced by gifted students in rural schools.


[educational studies]

Budget friendly education technology Redesigned class emphasizes free, downloadable Web programs By R. Devin Hughes, a junior in the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism


aced with a difficult economy and low funds, schools today have been forced to cut back on their technology budgets. Especially in poorer districts, programs that are typically considered standard, such as Microsoft® Word or Adobe® Photoshop®, can prove too expensive to provide to all students. In a world where technological knowledge is at a premium, students in these schools suffer from this lack of resources. “Studies have shown that technology does improve student achievement,” said Teresa Franklin, an associate professor in Educational Studies who teaches Technology Applications in Education. “Technology is really about having access, and poorer districts don’t have this access.” In order to prepare future educators to properly serve these students, the Technology Applications in Education course has been redesigned to focus on open source, Web 2.0 tools to meet the dwindling budgets in school districts. These tools are free to download or use via the Internet, making them ideal for districts with lower budgets. Instead of Microsoft® Office, which is more expensive word processing software, the course recommends using™, which can be downloaded for free and performs the same functions. For collaboration, students can take advantage of wikis and Google Docs™, both of which can be set up so that multiple users can view and edit the document, allowing for instant collaboration. Students can even engage in creative pursuits with free, downloadable products such as Windows® Movie Maker, which allows students to create and edit videos, and Google SketchUp™, a three-dimensional modeling program. Taking advantage of all of these free products will significantly ease the strain on a school’s technology budget. “We really think that Web 2.0 tools are the direction schools should go, and the direction that they will be forced to go,” Franklin said. Another advantage to these products is that they can be downloaded from a student’s home computer, meaning they can still complete assignments at home. Teachers can even use Google collaboration tools to connect with parents. “There is a real advantage to using these tools because it makes what’s going on at school the same as what’s going on at home,” Franklin said. Ohio University alumnus Coby Long agrees. Long, who graduated in 2002 with a bachelor’s degree in Early Childhood Education, uses Google Docs™

while teaching at Southern State Community College in Hillsboro, Ohio. “We use Google Docs™ with just about everything we do,” Long said. “The convenience of it, for long-traveling students, trumps anything else. It allows for collaboration between student and teacher from any computer.” A tool such as Google Docs™ is especially useful to community college students, who commute to class and cannot always be on campus. “What I like about Google Docs™ is the fact that (the students) don’t have to install anything, don’t have to buy anything,” Long said. Kevin Dael, who is completing his master’s in Computer Education and Technology at Ohio University, teaches 8th grade math and algebra at Alexander Middle School in Albany, Ohio, where he makes use of Google SketchUp™. Dael uses the product’s features, which can “create, modify and share 3D models,” to teach proportions, area, perimeter and volume. Using SketchUp™ also allows students to explore an interest in architecture. Because of high costs, most students are not exposed to programs like AutoCAD® Architecture, which is being sold for $4,995 on the AutoCAD® Web site. SketchUp™ provides a free imitation. “Using Google SketchUp™ also gives students a preview of design software,” Dael said. “I would hope that some students would become architects, designers and engineers using drawing programs like AutoCAD®.” Teachers like Dael and Long are ahead of the game in embracing free, open source programs and applications, and are clearly seeing positive results. Now, any future educator who passes through the technology applications course will be able to jump on board. This is just the beginning of Franklin’s vision. She sees SMART Board™ whiteboards in classrooms as a tool for teachers to work out problems. She sees video or audio being taken of these classes, so that absent students can download a podcast file of the lesson they missed. She sees students contacting the professor with questions via Twitter. One thing most students do have is a cell phone—why not utilize them? “A cell phone should be used as a tool,” Franklin said. “They might as well use the tools in the students’ pockets.” As with all of the programs Franklin hopes to emphasize, it’s about getting an exceptional outcome for no cost. If teachers can do that successfully, their students will reap the benefits.

Program Descriptions Adobe® Photoshop®: Image-editing program AutoCAD®: Three-dimensional modeling program Google Docs™: Web-based word processor that multiple users can be linked to for collaboration and sharing of ideas Google SketchUp™: Three-dimensional modeling program Microsoft® Office: Office application suite, capable of producing text documents, spreadsheets, slide shows, etc.

8™: Free office application suite, capable of producing text documents, spreadsheets, slide shows, etc. Podcast: Downloadable audio or video file SMART board™: Touch-control interactive whiteboard Web 2.0: Refers to applications that facilitate information sharing and collaboration Wikis: Web sites that allow any user to edit its pages, allowing them to collaborate to create an information database Windows® Movie Maker: Software for creating and editing videos

[teacher education]

Blended Learning Universal Design for Learning brings a new way of thinking to OHIO By Ashley Showen, a junior in the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism


e’ve known it for decades: People learn in different ways. Some learn best through visuals; others retain more information by listening or via hands-on experiences. For educators, though, combining all those methods in order to reach a diverse student body can prove challenging. Part of the challenge stems from a typical classroom’s makeup. Today, classrooms are more diverse than ever. They often include children with learning disabilities, English-language barriers, behavioral problems and sensory or physical disabilities. The Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST)—a national nonprofit research and development organization—exists to help educators reach each student in an individualized manner. CAST is the brains behind Universal Design for Learning (UDL), a concept that explains the many different ways students learn and provides guidelines regarding how best to approach teaching students with each learning type. Deborah Cochran, Ph.D., assistant professor in the College of Education, is a large proponent of UDL. “We all have different ways of learning, so if you have those different options up front, you’re opening up access to a larger number of students,” she said. According to Cochran, a need for inclusiveness and accessibility for special education students originally drove the development of UDL. However, the concept has developed much further. CAST defines UDL with three basic principles: multiple means of representation, multiple means of action and expression and multiple means of engagement. The organization provides materials and curricula to support educators, largely incorporating the “digital age” into the classroom. For example, a teacher could build her curricula using CAST. Then a student could listen to a lecture in class and go online at home for supplemental reading and other activities that support that student’s

particular learning style. Students could modify visuals, sound and interactive aspects of the online component to meet their specific learning needs, making learning fun. The universal design concept originated in the field of architecture as a way to create buildings that provided the greatest possible accessibility to the largest number of people. CAST took this idea and applied it to education. Researchers at CAST questioned the widespread practice of trying to fit one curriculum to all students, and decided to implement UDL as a way to arrange the curriculum to fit each student. Angelina Sammons, a COE alumna and intervention specialist at Morrison Elementary School, uses universal design in her classroom and is glad to see it being incorporated in the education of new teachers. “We must make every effort to provide opportunities for all students to be successful,” Sammons said. “With the diversity that continues to increase within today’s classroom, these opportunities often include added supports and interventions. With this understanding, colleges need to prepare future educators by giving them the tools and strategies that are epitomized in UDL.” However, a lack of resources, such as limited access to technology and uninformed teachers, can create a barrier to using UDL in the classrooms. Cochran said that the first step in making UDL widespread is educating teachers on how to implement it in the classroom. Cochran incorporates UDL into her curricula, teaching her students to use it in lesson plans, while they are learning in a universally designed environment themselves. She said alerting students of UDL before they go out into the workforce is the best way to make it universal. CAST also offers a variety of professional development opportunities including on-site workshops and online modules in an effort to communicate the importance of UDL. Cochran emphasized that UDL can be used across all ages and all levels of education. UDL is now incorporated into the No Child Left Behind Act, the National Science Foundation and the Individuals with Disabilities Act. It continues to become more mainstream as the results-driven data shows how beneficial it is to all students. According to Cochran, the move to incorporate UDL in all classrooms won’t happen overnight. There is progress being made, she said, and the future of education looks brighter than ever, one in which educators can help every student learn in his or her own way.



OU to UQ

Counseling students engage in Australian e-exchange By Bethany Fulton, a 2009 graduate of Ohio University’s College of Education


uring Spring Quarter 2009, students in a College of Education classroom at the foot of Jefferson Hill connected with students in a University of Queensland (UQ) classroom across the world—via the Internet. Over the course of the quarter, 10 OHIO students and 22 UQ students shared issues they faced in their respective communities and discovered commonalities despite the distance. This inventive use of e-learning for a classroom assignment created a challenge—and a prelude to further cultural competencies—for College of Education students. Christine Bhat, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Counseling and Higher Education, initiated the e-exchange program to broaden her students’ perspectives about school counseling around the world. “I wanted to provide a way for students to engage in dialogue with others in the field on a multicultural and more global level,” Bhat said. As an Australian citizen, Bhat turned homeward for inspiration. She arranged for her students to communicate with students in the school counseling program at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia. Mary McMahon, Ph.D., coordinator for the University of Queensland program, said she agreed to the partnership because she thought it would “provide a valuable learning opportunity for students and that it would be a way to offer them an international experience.” Both professors recognized that their students would find value in discussing common education issues for children and youth around the world. Bhat and McMahon simply had to decide how their students would interact. The parameters of e-learning are still growing in today’s education system. But Blackboard—an online communications tool used at schools across the world—offered an opportunity. The tool enables educators to enhance learning in various ways, mainly connecting students with each other in an online format. While OHIO professors traditionally have used Blackboard for the exchange of documents such as assessments and assignments, Bhat and McMahon decided to use the program as a tool for international communication. Using a program they were already familiar with, OHIO students easily engaged in contact between continents. Students in both classes participated in


small groups—usually two or three OHIO students working with two or three UQ students. They discussed case studies, professional identity and ethical issues, practicing active listening, giving and receiving feedback, and learning a respect for their international counterparts. “It was very interesting to discuss different elements of counseling with someone from another country,” said participant Jessica Howard. Other students in the class said they liked discussing issues pertaining to both countries and learning about varying viewpoints. Bhat’s class expressed a common sense of fulfillment from the meaningful conversations they shared with their Australian peers. “We go through the (counseling) program with the same people (at OHIO) so it was great to get a different viewpoint,” Howard said, “I especially loved that it was with students from Australia, which gave it a bigger twist than just conversing with students from another school in Ohio. It was interesting just meeting and talking with them.” Howard added that she also enjoyed discussing “counseling and being able to debate or share the way both systems worked.” McMahon called the online exchange an “internationalization at home experience.” She added, “A number of students indicated in their feedback that it enabled them to feel part of an international professional community.” Two years ago the counseling department initiated a new study abroad venture—the 2010 Professional Counseling Student Australian Educational Program. This program is the first of its kind—a study abroad experience in Brisbane with an exclusive counseling focus. Bhat hopes to build on the work already accomplished through the e-exchange program with face-toface interaction between OHIO counseling students and their Australian counterparts. The study abroad program will offer students the unique opportunity to see and experience mental health service delivery in a socialized medicine context, unique to what they experience in the United States. Students will also have the opportunity to learn from leading Australian authors in the counseling profession. The College’s commitment to cultural awareness continues to come to life as McCracken’s classrooms transform into windows to the rest of the world. As students prepare to launch into their careers, they are learning that the world can be at their fingertips. Christine Bhat, assistant professor in the Department of Counseling and Higher Education, broadens her students’ perspectives about school counseling around the world. Photos by Julia VanWagenen

[higher education]

Students helping students Ohio’s College Student Personnel program provides unique opportunities on campus By Morgan Lyles, a senior in the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism


any opportunities within the College of Education focus on outreach and international impact, giving students the chance to study or teach around the world. The College Student Personnel (CSP) master’s program, however, focuses inward. By placing participants in a variety of direct service positions on campus, the program enables students to achieve their professional goals while making a worthwhile contribution to life at Ohio University. The program, which offered its first master’s degree program in 1960, teaches students the fundamentals needed to effectively aid and coordinate student affairs efforts. About 25 participants are accepted into the program each year and spend two years learning about student development theories and student affairs administration. The leadership abilities they gain through on-campus positions enriches their experience. Through CSP, students work in Greek Life, Residential Housing, Health Promotions, the Allen Student Help Center, Multicultural Access and Retention and the Office of Education Abroad. Pete Mather, assistant professor of Counseling and Higher Education, said that the program offers great hands-on learning. “These offices serve as laboratories for students to practice what they are learning in class,” Mather said. Jenny Hall-Jones, who graduated with a degree in CSP in 1997, currently serves as the assistant dean of students. Hall-Jones’ collegiate experience began when she pursued a bachelor’s degree in sociology and criminology at OHIO. She then earned her master’s degree in CSP. While pursuing her master’s degree, Hall-Jones worked as interim assistant to the vice president for Student Affairs. The Student Affairs position introduced her to the world of university administration as a whole and helped to solidify her growth in understanding the entire university and its interdependencies. While the position enabled her to put some aspects of her education into practice—such as higher education law, assessment and budgeting—it also enabled Hall-Jones to interact with students, a task she still enjoys today.

e student in th ear graduate -y st fir am n, gr he ro el p Adam C dent Personn College Stu

Jenny Hall-Jones , assistant dean of students and Ph.D. candidate in Higher Educati on Photo by Julia VanWagenen

Currently a doctoral student in Higher Education, Hall-Jones continues to make a difference at OHIO through her work with a wide variety of projects on campus. She oversees the offices of Career Services, Counseling and Psychological Services, University Judiciaries, Parent Outreach and business aspects of The Post, OHIO’s student-run newspaper. This wide array of responsibilities provides Hall-Jones with the opportunity to interact with students, parents, faculty and staff in numerous ways that help students succeed. “I like being in Baker Center where, instead of a phone call, I can walk through the building and talk face-to-face with different people throughout the day,” she said. First-year graduate student Adam Chen is currently enrolled in the CSP program. After earning a bachelor’s degree in German studies from Guangdong University of Foreign Studies in China, Chen traveled to the United States where he pursued a master’s degree in linguistics at OHIO before enrolling in the CSP program. Chen gains a wealth of experience by working with OHIO students from around the world. As a graduate assistant in OHIO’s Office of International Students and Faculty Services, he develops orientation programming for international students and plays an influential role on campus. Chen’s position has provided him with a variety of opportunities, from developing orientation programs and activities to advising international students regarding immigration information. The responsibilities of his position give Chen the opportunity to examine the different challenges that international students face, and to tailor programs to help students meet those challenges. “What I love about this position is the satisfaction I obtain from providing the international student population with a great experience, here at OHIO and in our local community, by continuously improving the orientation programs and activities,” he said. Both Hall-Jones and Chen gained a great deal from the CSP program but aren’t the only ones to benefit. By placing graduate students in administrative positions, all students on campus have access to a leader who is also a student and understands the challenges that so many students face. Through that understanding, coupled with the knowledge gained from the program, a mutually beneficial relationship is fostered.

Photo by Julia VanWagenen


Ohio, and completed his 12th year in that capacity in 2009. Robin D. Smith, B.S.Ed.’53, M.Ed. ’57, retired in 1987. He returned to substitute teaching after retiring, but retired once again in 2008. He enjoys hunting, fishing, camping and shooting.



John E. Collins, M.S. ’53, retired in 1985. He is currently serving as the program director for a nonprofit Native American institute in Orange County, Calif. John H. Fender, B.A. ’57, spent 26 years as an administrator before retiring from an education career in 1994. He currently serves as the mayor of Kent,

Earl W. Apagar, B.S. Ed. ’66, M.Ed. ’67, retired in 2007 after 40 years with Toledo Public Schools, having last served as the assistant superintendent in Human Resources. He currently lives in College Station, Texas, and supervises student teachers at Texas A&M University. Roger Palmer, B.S. Ed. ’65, retired after 29 years of teaching. He spent 25 of those years teaching Industrial Arts and Technology

for Hernando County Schools in Brooksville, Fla. He also served as a vocational and departmental chairperson for many years. Robyn Wasserstrom Shapiro, B.S. Ed. ’65, retired in 2003 from the State Teachers Retirement System of Ohio after teaching kindergarten and first grade in Columbus. She returned to education as the education director at Temple Beth Shalom of Palm Coast Florida, retiring in 2007.


Kenneth C. Frisch, B.S. Ed. ’72, serves as the director of development for Hospice of Northwest Ohio in Perrysburg. The Association of Fundraising Professionals awarded him the 2009 Community Counseling Service Award for Outstanding Fundraising Professional.

Charles D. Joseph, B.S. Ed. ‘70, M. Ed. ‘79, retired as a Colonel in 2005 after 33 years of active duty for the United States Air Force. He currently resides in Middleburg Heights, Ohio, and is pursuing a doctoral degree in Organizational Leadership. Claude G. Perkins, Ph.D. ’73, was named President of Virginia Union University. Linda Gray Reed, B.S. Ed ’75, retired from the California education system in January 2009. She and her husband, Gary, moved to Pagosa Springs, Colo., in March, where she was selected as the Assistant Superintendent of Curriculum and Assessment for Archuleta School District 50. She returned to the College of Education in September as a guest lecturer for the McCracken Education Lecture Series.

Congratulations to our 2009 Alumni Award Winners Charles J. and Claire O. Ping Recent Graduate Award

Christopher C. Hayward, B.S.Ed . ’94

Since graduating, Hayward has worked at several elementary schools and has served as principal at Fernway Elementary School since 2005. He remains very involved with the College of Education as immediate past president of the College’s Society of Alumni and Friends. Hayward is an avid supporter of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation and implements the Targeted Intervention program for at-risk students in the Shaker Heights community.

Photos by Octavio Jones

12 12

Distinguished Service Award

Marilyn R. Allen, B.S.Ed. ’58

Allen taught in Columbus City Schools for 40 years before retiring. She served on the College’s Society of Alumni and Friends, and is an active member of the Ohio University Alumni Association’s Central Ohio Chapter. Additionally, Allen devotes time to the Ohio Education Association and other professional organizations.


Be sure to complete and return the enclosed postcard for inclusion in our next Athenaeum. You can also E-MAIL your update to Your classmates want to know what you have been up to!

Lanny K. Griffith, B.S. Ed. ’86, raises registered Black Angus cattle and Yorkshire hogs on his farm in Washington Court House, Ohio.


Bienvenido Argueta, Ph.D. ’98, was recently appointed as the Education Minister of Guatemala by Guatemalan president, Alvaro Colom. As a college professor, Argueta has been a key coordinator for the country’s educational reform programs. Major Zoltan Krompecher, B.S. Ed. ’93, was featured in an edition of Army Times for his literary accomplishments. He and his wife, Tina (Gallo), B.S. Ed. ’93, live with their three children in Fort Leavenworth, Kan., where Krompecher

teaches at the Army Command and General Staff College. Bettie Jo Couture Mellott, M.Ed. ’96, recently received an Appalachian Rehab Counseling scholarship. She works for the Department of Job and Family Services as a job developer for dislocated workers. Chad Dennis Morse, B.S. Ed. ’97, joined the United States Peace Corps upon graduation and spent two years serving in Namibia. He teaches fifth grade at Phoenix International School in Blantyre, Malawi. He and his wife, Tracy, have two daughters.


in Curriculum and Instruction at Boston College.

Jamal Alammari, M.A and M.Ed. ’00, Ph.D. ’01, lives in Qatar and has worked for educational institutions such as the Ministry of Education and the Supreme Education Council. He now works as a senior talent advisor in the Human Resources department of a large oil and gas company.

Craig Leon, B.S. Ed. ’07, M.Ed. ’09 interned and assisted at the 2008 Olympic trials held in Eugene, Ore. Haley McDonough, B.S. Ed. ’07, M.Ed. ’08, is completing her second year of service as a Schools and Community Resource Specialist for the Peace Corps in South Africa.

Jaryn Dupler, B.S. Ed. ’09, teaches English in South Korea. Parker Fernandez, B.S. Ed. ’09, is pursuing a master’s degree

The Kermit Blosser Ohio Athletics Hall of Fame

R onald J. Fenik, B.S.Ed. ’59

Gwynn G. Rodemsky, B.S.Ed. ’90

Catherine A. Silvia Cash, B.S.Ed. ’90

James W. T oadvine, B.S.Ed. ’71,

Fenik was the head football coach at both Barberton and Jackson high schools. He was formerly the assistant football coach at Xavier University and Muskingum College.

Cash currently serves as a police officer for the Suffolk County Police Department. While at OHIO, Cash was a four-year member of the swim team and was named captain her junior and senior years.

Rodemsky spent 14 years in the classroom before becoming a stay-at-home mom. During her tenure at OHIO, Rodemsky was an integral part of the swim team.

posthumous *

From 1989 to 2005, Toadvine was the associate head pitching coach for OHIO. Previously, Toadvine taught at Miamisburg High School, where he was also the baseball coach. (*Award accepted by Toadvine’s wife, Wendy Toadvine, M.Ed. ’98.)


“I believe that doctors and pilots have lives in their hands. Teachers have lives in their hands as well.” — Strickland

From the Top An interview with Ohio Governor Ted Strickland and Executive Assistant for Education Policy John Stanford Interview conducted by John Tyler, a junior in Ohio University’s College of Education



hio Governor Ted Strickland has always been firm in his commitment to a high-quality education system. His plan, Reforming Ohio’s Education System for the 21st Century, is designed to produce top-quality graduates who will play an instrumental role in the revival of our economy. By better educating Ohio students, employers of the 21st century will have the most talented workforce possible, resulting in prosperity for the state. Strickland’s plan is a drastic overhaul to Ohio’s education system. The plan calls for numerous reforms, including an evidence-based model of school district funding based on the academic and financial situation of each specific district. The plan demands quality performance from teachers, who will be required to complete a four-year residency program to earn professional licenses. Also, the American College Testing (ACT) test will replace the Ohio Graduation Test (OGT) for all graduating seniors. On Nov. 3, 2009 (Election Day), Governor Strickland (TS) and his education advisor, John Stanford (JS), sat down with College of Education junior John Tyler (JT) to discuss the impact of the Governor’s plan.

JT: First of all, thanks for being with us on Election Day. I know you’re probably pretty busy. TS: What’s your prediction? JT: My prediction? We’ll see I guess. I’m a little afraid to throw out predictions. TS: He’s a real risk taker. (laughter) Photos by Jim Korpi

[about school funding]

[guest perspective]

School funding in Ohio is a shared responsibility between the state and local school districts and communities. In order to receive state aid, a district is required to levy 20 mills of property taxes. This millage rate is applied to the assessed value of property in the district. One mill of property taxes will raise $1 of taxes for every $1,000 of assessed property; therefore, every district is required to raise at least $20 for every $1,000 of assessed property. The value of assessed property varies from district to district; therefore, the amount of revenue a district can raise with the 20 mills they are required to levy also can vary. This may be due to the number of houses located in the district as well as the average sale price for these houses. These differences impact the ability of each district to contribute to the state and local funding partnership. Districts with a lower value of assessed property will receive more state aid for the schools they operate than a similar-sized district with a higher value of assessed property. Glossary • Evidence-Based Model (EBM): A model that uses research to identify educational components that result in academic success. The model also incorporates financial data and socioeconomic factors to fund resources and implement proven school programs according to student need. • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Passed by Congress in October 2009, this act works to “create new jobs as well as save existing ones, spur economic activity and invest in long-term economic growth, and foster unprecedented levels of accountability and transparency in government spending.” • Ohio Education Challenge Factor (OECF): Accounts for differences that exist in each school district in terms of college attainment, wealth, and concentration of poverty. The OECF is best described as a funding multiplier– this numeric value accounts for the various academic and financial characteristics that pertain to the residents of each school district. Property-rich districts with a high percentage of college-educated residents are given a lower OECF. Less financially secure districts with a lower percentage of college-educated residents are given a higher OECF. Values throughout the state range from Upper Arlington (0.76) to East Cleveland (1.58).


JT: Let’s start out discussing funding a little bit, since it is a focal point. I know in the 1990s there were Supreme Court rulings that questioned the constitutionality of state funding. How does your evidence-based model, which calculates funding based on academic and financial situations for each individual school district, really address the issue of the constitutionality of funding? TS: I think it addresses the issue in several ways. If you look carefully at what the Ohio Supreme Court has said multiple times, we need a complete restructuring of the system rather than a tinkering with it. We think we have restructured the system very significantly. The Supreme Court rulings talked about the over-reliance on the local property tax. The Supreme Court never said the local property tax was an inappropriate vehicle for funding schools, or that it could not be used as a part of the funding mechanism, but when local property tax was relied upon in an exaggerated way, it inevitably led to disparities. Our plan reduces the local property taxpayer’s responsibility to support the schools. When I became governor, as far as we can tell by our estimates, the state provided about 48 percent of the total cost of K-12 education. We believe that as a result of our two budgets the state now supplies about 51 percent of the total costs, and when our plan is fully phased in over the next 10 years, the state will have assumed about 61 percent of the total cost.

JT: How does your plan fix the problems, such as residual budgeting, addressed by the Supreme Court? TS: We have changed the structure and addressed what we believe to be the problem of residual budgeting. Residual budgeting occurred when schools received whatever was left over from state resources after other obligations had been met, and we believe our evidence-based model directs the money toward meeting the needs of the individual student and the individual school population. In other words, it tells us what is required for quality education based upon the research. Obviously research changes, ideas change over time as we learn more, and we need a system that can be flexible in that manner. That’s why we established the School Funding Advisory Council, which on an ongoing basis will continue to look at the research and make adjustments as need be. JT: What else is involved? TS: Basically, what we are doing under our plan is saying that every district will be required to have a minimum millage that they will provide to their schools, that’s 20 mills. 20 mills is the minimum that a district can levy for taxes and receive state funding, and anything above what that amount brings in will be assumed by the state of Ohio. We have accomplished a level of education reform that is perhaps the most comprehensive in the nation. It is not fully phased in, I readily admit that, because we’ve tried to be visionary people, but we’re also realists. We understand that it will take some time to fully implement. And quite frankly, given the nature of the reforms, it would probably be unwise to attempt to fully implement ours immediately anyway, because the schools need time to plan for the changes that we have put into law. JT: Are there any mechanisms built into this to help schools that perhaps can’t afford those services, to get them up to par with the other schools? TS: Absolutely. We have said that we will work with the schools; we want to be their partner, and that is one of the things that we have tried to convey. I can’t tell you the number of meetings that Dr. Stanford has had over the period of a year and a half. He has met with everyone who has wanted to sit down with him. We are all in this to be helpful to the schools. We want problem solvers, and we can solve the problems. JT: Earlier, you said property tax wasn’t unconstitutional, but that our heavy reliance on it wasn’t fair. Will the Educational Challenge Factor adequately correct disparities between districts from property taxes? TS: The Educational Challenge Factor enables us to fulfill our obligations. If the 20 mill levy provided by the district to each school does not bring in sufficient resources to meet the evidence-based model, and a part of the model is the Educational Challenge Factor, certainly. For the first time, we are having as a part of the Educational Challenge Factor the educational level of the parents. We’ve made it a part of the Educational Challenge Factor because research tells us that a parent’s education level impacts the child’s educational performance. Poverty, limited language—evidence tells us that these factors impact the learning process. Am I on target here? Dr. Stanford knows this really, really well. He’s my education expert. JS: Yes, you are. The Educational Challenge Factor really is designed to target resources to the high-need districts beyond the 20 mills. JT: How would this system apply to a college town such as Athens?

“The average school district over the next two years will see more than a 4.5 percent increase in funding. In the middle of a recession, that’s happening.” — Strickland 16

JS: The Educational Challenge Factor is made up of three components: the college attainment rate of the area, a two-part income measure of the community and the community’s property values, and the number of students who are economically disadvantaged. I don’t know the specifics of Athens County, but I think, in general, in the scenario that you are talking about, the two factors of the economically disadvantaged students and income and property value would counterbalance the potential high college attainment rate for Athens as a college town.

[guest perspective] JT: What guarantee do you have that this plan will remain in effect? TS: One legislative body cannot bind the decision-making of a future legislative body. But I believe, after all the effort we put into getting this established, there will be hell to pay for those who try to dismantle this and go back to a failed system that the Ohio Supreme Court has told us is unconstitutional. I’m committed to it, and if I remain governor, it’s going to stay in place. Public opinion will have to make the final determination. JT: You’re in complete reconstruction, and it’s rare to see this type of work implemented in difficult economies. Why not do it later?

“We have accomplished a level of education reform that is perhaps the most comprehensive in the nation.” — Strickland JT: Under your plan, teachers will be expected to complete a much larger amount of training. What challenges and/or benefits do you see in the transition to a residency program? TS: I have charged the Chancellor of Higher Education in Ohio, Eric Fingerhut, to work together in concert with our teacher training institutions so that there is total collaboration as we think about any changes that need to be made in teacher training preparation. This is my philosophy: doctors and pilots have lives in their hands. Teachers have lives in their hands as well. And the people who have been most influential in my life, other than my parents, have been my teachers. We’ve got to honor teachers and strengthen the profession, and one of the ways we do that is to make sure that a teacher who goes through an education preparation program and enters the classroom does not, after the third year, leave the profession. Research says that in the third year we lose a lot of teachers. There are many reasons for that. Doctors don’t leave the classroom and go into an operating room; they go through a residency program where they are mentored, observed and helped by an experienced physician. We want to do the same thing for those who are going into the teaching profession. I also believe that teachers who remain in the classroom should be adequately rewarded. In the past, when teachers were highly motivated and wanted to make progress in the profession, they became administrators and left the classroom. A highly-talented, highly-motivated teacher ought to be able to remain in the classroom and be rewarded. So there are several things that we are trying to do with teacher training and preparation that we believe will be of huge benefit to the teacher, the residency program being only a part of that. JT: Will the four-year residency program lead to an increase in funding in order to motivate and reward teachers as they complete the program? JS: We believe that the funding model has additional resources built into it for teachers. In the funding model, we base an average teacher’s salary at around $50,000. We multiply the average teacher salary amount by a fringe benefit factor to pay for the state required fringe benefits for teachers. The Educational Challenge Factor is then multiplied by the combined base salary and fringe benefit amount. But, in addition to this increased funding for teachers, the residency and career ladder programs will recognize teachers for their additional training and classroom performance. Research concludes that teachers are motivated by workplace conditions, strong collaborative leadership, and professional growth within the profession. And so, in the evidence-based model and the additional reforms in House Bill 1 there’s recognition of what the Governor was just describing, highly talented and highly motivated teachers, and that is that we need to reward our teachers for the work that they are doing in the classroom. TS: And enable them to stay in the classroom.

TS: Because we are in a recession is all the more reason why we ought to do it. We cannot wait; our children cannot wait. We’ve waited too long. So how did we do it? We did it by using state resources and federal resources. And I fought for federal resources. I went to President Obama, I went to White House Chief of Staff Ron Emanuel, I went to some of my fellow governors and I argued that because of the financial condition of our state we could not allow ourselves to pull back on our commitment to education. And so we got significant federal resources and we are using those to make sure that we don’t pull back on education. In fact, in Ohio the average school district over the next two years will see more than a 4.5 percent increase in funding. In the middle of a recession, that’s happening. My obligation is to manage the affairs of this state during what is the most severe economic recession in 70 years. And we hope for better days; we are working for better days. So I’m trying to deal with the obligations of the current two-year budget. If I remain governor, then I’ll deal with my obligations and the state’s obligations for the next two-year budget. I have also said that it is not a matter of sustainability. I say the question is not sustainability. The question is commitment. If you’re committed to it, then it will happen. JT: Do you see the plan taking longer to be established due to the economic climate? JS: I think we were hopeful that districts would utilize the federal dollars in this current budget. We were hoping that the economy would bounce back by the time we began working on the new budget, and we’ve already got evidence that the economy is starting to rebound, that the recession may be over. The current budget, as the governor said, is a combination of state dollars and federal dollars that have to be utilized for the next couple of years per the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. JT: How does the change from the OGT to the ACT fit into your vision? What sparked that change? JS: The OGT has been criticized for being an ‘assessment of low expectations,’ meaning that students are graduating 12th grade based on their passage of 10th grade assessments. We are using their knowledge at a 10th grade level to address whether or not they are ready to go into the workforce or into college. A lot of our colleges are saying that’s too low of an expectation, that we have to somehow increase our expectation of what students need in order to be successful in life. Also, the governor has really put an emphasis on the fact that our society is in the midst of a transformation from an industrial manufacturing based society to an information- and technology-based society, and in this new society that we find ourselves in, we have to make sure that our students are ready for that challenge. One of the things that we felt strongly about was making the ACT one of the requirements as a part of our testing accountability system. That way the schools in the state will align their expectations with what students must learn in order to graduate with college and career-level expectations so they will be successful in life. JT: I want to applaud you both for your commitment to education. TS: Well, my brother, it’s the most important thing that we deal with in government, and it’s my most important responsibility as Governor. I think, from the standpoint of the Ohio constitution, our primary responsibility is to educate.

JS: Exactly.



A new perspective on literacy Integrating media literacy in the curriculum By Morgan Lyles, a senior in the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism

n a world where information flows through multitudes of mediums every day, assessing that information can present a challenge. Professor of Teacher Education Guofang Wan, Ph.D., alleviates some of those challenges through her research on media literacy. And in 2009, the National Council of Teachers of English recognized Wan’s efforts with the coveted Media Literacy Award. “I am extremely honored by this national recognition, and grateful to my colleagues for their generous and kind support,” Wan said. The award—presented annually to an individual, team or department— went to Wan for her “development of innovative approaches for integrating media analysis and composition into curriculum.” Fifteen years ago, Wan was watching a popular television show, Barney and Friends, with her daughter. While watching her daughter learn from Barney, the big purple dinosaur who sang about manners and being a good friend, Wan realized how useful television could be in teaching children. She began to research the subject. Years later, adapting to work with technological advances like the Internet, Wan’s research has evolved to meet the needs of 21st century students. “Kids aren’t likely to go to the library when they need information,” Wan said. “If they want information, they Google it. We need to teach them about reliable resources, ways they can find valid resources on the Internet.” According to Wan, media literacy refers to the understanding of media and its use as a source of information, entertainment, enrichment, growth, empowerment and communication. The challenge presented by media is that not all information is accurate or beneficial to students. Through her research, Wan has learned that in order for students to be media literate, they need to understand the influence of media on society and develop strategies to critically analyze media. Wan takes an interdisciplinary approach to researching and teaching media literacy skills. Her studies relate directly to the curricula she develops. She also collaborates with community members and media producers, mentors new teachers and advocates media literacy education across the world. At the American University in Dubai, for example, Wan developed three courses for a master’s program with content addressing media literacy education. Without a doubt, her endeavors have raised awareness of media literacy among parents, children and societies around the world. One of the ways in which Wan promotes media literacy is through writing. In 2004, she co-authored The Media Savvy Students: Teaching Media Literacy Skills with Hong Cheng, Ph.D., associate professor in Ohio University’s E.W. Scripps School of Journalism. A tool for elementary and secondary school teachers, the book offers ways to integrate media literacy education into daily instruction. Due in part to the NCTE Media Literacy award, Guofang is taking her passion beyond the United States through her work in China. Currently she is working with a secondary school in China to implement this curriculum there. Wan has also worked with professors at Osaka Gakuin University in Japan to create a website and to investigate the use of digital stories in teaching English as foreign language (EFL). Rex Tanimoto, an associate professor at Osaka Gakuin University, found inspiration in Wan’s work. “During my 20 years as an educator in the U.S. and Japan, I have never met an educator with Dr. Wan’s degree of dedication and commitment to improving the quality of instruction,” he said. “It has been both an honor and privilege to work closely with her.”

Tanimoto added that Wan’s knowledge, experience and understanding of each learner’s needs have motivated him to “continue to explore ways to invigorate learning and to empower educators here in Japan to do the same.” For Wan, the work always comes back to the people who utilize evolving media daily. “Technology can make such a huge difference, and we use it in our lives every day. We just need to teach children to be critical media users,” Wan said. “As more and more people acknowledge media literacy education as essential, I hope everyone—children and adults—will have the opportunity to learn these process skills,” she added. “By doing so, they will become wiser consumers and responsible producers of media, active participants in a global media culture, and capable of leaving information storage to the Internet.”

Guofang Wan (right) with Katie Monnin, assistant professor at the University of Florida. Photo provided by guofang wan


(from left) Laura Risler, Valerie Martin Conley, Cynthia Anderson and David Koonce Photo by Julia VanWagenen

Advancing access

Grant awards study of women’s roles at community colleges

By Morgan Lyles, a senior in the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism

ith a $500,000 award from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Ohio University’s Center for Higher Education is making innovative strides in the field of higher education research. The Center, which focuses on research and policy analysis, is collaborating with community colleges to study the academic career success of female faculty in science and engineering fields. The two-year award is part of the Partnership for Adaption, Implementation and Dissemination project, supported by the NSF’s ADVANCE program. Through the program, the NSF seeks to increase the participation and advancement of women in science, technology, engineering and math-related (STEM) careers. Valerie Martin Conley, Ph.D., the Center’s director and an associate professor of Higher Education in OHIO’s College of Education, explained what makes this research project so different. “By investigating career paths, employment outcomes and factors that influence academic career success for female faculty at two-year institutions, the Center’s research will differ from most studies that tend to focus on advancement outcomes of female faculty at four-year institutions,” she said. The country’s current economic climate and OHIO’s location in rural southeastern Ohio put community colleges at a unique vantage point. The schools are close to home and less expensive than most four-year institutions, attracting more students than ever. “The opportunity that community colleges have to develop science and engineering talent among female and minority populations is likely to continue growing,” Conley said. One of the main benefits of community colleges is that they make an education accessible to a diverse student population who may not otherwise have the chance to attend college. “Community and technical colleges play a vital role in preparing students for science and engineering fields through their baccalaureate transfer programs, two-year degree and certificate programs and workforce development,” said Laura Risler, research associate for the Center. “They also serve a diverse student body that includes large percentages of women, racial and ethnic minorities, and adult learners.”

Conley, Risler and their colleagues are collaborating with faculty from other Colleges at OHIO. The team includes two other lead researchers, David Koonce, associate professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering, and Cynthia Anderson, associate professor of Sociology. For her part, Anderson will travel throughout Ohio, “visiting women who teach in science and engineering at nine community colleges,” Anderson said of her upcoming research. “I will interview them to better understand the advantages and constraints of working in a community college.” The nine community colleges collaborating with the Center include Belmont Technical College, Clark State Community College, Columbus State Community College, Hocking College, Lorain County Community College , Northwest State Community College, Southern State Community College, Washington StateCommunity College and Zane State College. Researchers hope to identify markers of academic career advancement. The markers—such as representation in leadership positions, tenure status, salary and research productivity—will help female faculty identify factors that will further their academic careers. “Because female faculty, particularly in male-dominated fields, can serve as role models for female students, their career success can help encourage more female students to pursue these fields,” Conley said. Researchers will combine quantitative and qualitative methods, using data from the National Study of Postsecondary Faculty as well as inquiries that will focus on career choices and patterns of academic career advancement. At four-year universities, female faculty members are much less likely to hold the advanced ranks of professor or associate professor, which indicates a disparity between the genders. In contrast, at two-year institutions, women hold higher ranks at rates comparable to males, illustrating a greater parity between women and men. “The question to answer is why,” Koonce said. “If we can understand what aspects of the community college environment give us this parity, perhaps we can better understand how to bring gender parity to STEM disciplines in four-year universities.”



Alumni, faculty and students use their education and experience in the College of Education to guide them through different career paths.

Mike Rouzer position: Undergraduate student


hio University has not only given me the opportunity to learn from great professors who have thoroughly prepared me for life as an educator, but I was able to study abroad in Leipzig, Germany for a summer. While studying in Europe I visited schools that helped me understand educational programs on a global scale. I also traveled and visited historical sites I never thought I would see, including the Berlin Wall, Paris, Dresden, Buchenwald, Anne Frank’s house and many more. I will bring the historical lessons I learned into my classroom, and also share with my students the life lessons I learned on the trip. After graduating at the end of winter quarter in 2010, I plan on moving to Colorado to begin my life as an educator. ILLUSTRATION BY christina ullman

Roderick McDavis, Ph.D.

Photo by rick fatica

major: Adolescent-to-Young Adult Education, Integrated Social Studies

position: Ohio University’s 20th President as of July 1, 2004 degree: B.S.Ed. ’70, Social Sciences in Secondary Education


ducation has been a constant in my life. My parents were educators, and they instilled in me the importance and value of an education. Through their commitment to education, I also witnessed the power and impact that educators have to change the lives of those they teach and mentor. Education and public service was an easy choice for my career path, and now I am blessed to serve as the President of my alma mater. Achieving my dream of becoming a university president is, in large measure, due to the education, mentorship and opportunities I received through the College of Education’s faculty and staff. 21

Ryan C. Bobst position: Assistant Director, Office of International Student & Scholar Services at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign degree: M.Ed. ’09, College Student Personnel


fter graduating in 2009, I began working with international students beginning the moment they step on campus, advising them on things like immigration issues, university resources and U.S. culture. I provide cultural programming for the university community and am a liaison for international student organizations. I love meeting, working and interacting with students from all over the world, as well as helping them through their transition into an American university. This job is so rewarding; every day I see students improve in their English skills, build new friendships, become active leaders on campus and develop into amazing students. Photo by emily marcus muldoon

E-Ling Hsiao position: Graduate student, COE doctoral program, and Instructional Design Specialist at the Center for Instruction, Research and Technology, Indiana State University major: Instructional Technology

Bethany L. Fulton position: Counselor/Case Manager, Hocking County Behavioral Health Care


urrently, I am finishing my dissertation while working at Indiana State University as an instructional designer. My learning experience at OHIO made me more capable of excelling in my current position. I had a great time studying in the College of Education. Professors whom I met with were nice and helpful, and my instructional technology program was excellent. After I finish my doctoral degree, I hope to find a teaching position in the field of instructional technology.

degree: M.Ed. ’09, Counselor Education


Photo by rick fatica


moved to Athens in 2003 after accepting a position as associate pastor for the First Presbyterian Church. I discovered an interest in counseling and decided to pursue my second master’s degree, in counselor education. I am still an ordained minister and help several churches in the area as needed. I work for an outpatient facility specializing in treatment for children and families. I meet teens from violent households who deal with anger issues and depression, individuals who are trying to feel and express themselves after years of addiction and abuse, and children who draw monsters and bright, happy suns on the same page. It is a humbling journey. Every day I have the privilege of encouraging people to embrace the strength they have and build on it, breaking down one emotional wall at a time. In 2010, I plan to return to the College of Education to pursue a doctorate in counseling.

Cindy Hartman position: Instructor in Teacher Education and Educational Studies degree: B.S., Elementary Education, Bowling Green State University;

M.S., Educational Administration, The University of Akron


fter spending time as both a principal and superintendent in Athens and Perry Counties, I am so pleased to work with the College of Education as a faculty member. I continue working to strengthen ties with area schools and contribute to the success of future teachers, administrators and other educational leaders. I can provide a real-life, practical component to theory and research because I have worked as an educator. I want to help develop the enthusiasm, commitment and knowledge base necessary to change and improve the schools of the 21st century!

Terrez R. Thomas position: Volunteer Teacher at Orphanage Emmanuel, Honduras degree: B.S.Ed. ’08, Middle Childhood Education


he College of Education is taking me around the world. Since my graduation in August 2008, my wife and I have relocated to Honduras for three years of volunteer work in the small, rural town of Guaimaca. At the orphanage, I teach math for grades 7 through 11 and am a house leader of about 65 middle-school age boys. Especially helpful to me was the Consortium of Overseas Student Teachers program (COST) that the College of Education offered. Through it, I completed my student teaching in Capetown, South Africa. The COST program benefited me because it exposed me to different curriculums and learning styles used in other countries.Â

Photo by rick fatica


Yuki Nakama position: Graduate student major: Cultural Studies in Education


eing in the United States has exposed me to different cultural perspectives within the field of education. I get a firsthand look at the close relationship between culture and society through interacting with other international students. In the future, I hope to be an English teacher in Japan. In addition to the English language, I think it will be important to teach my students about other cultures. I want to be their bridge between Japan and foreign countries, and I want to teach them that there are no inferior or superior cultures in the world. To be a good educator, I will need to learn a lot about other countries so I can pass the knowledge on to my students. I hope that, through my teaching, students will become interested in the cultures of other countries.

Photo by Julia VanWagenen

Sally Wilson Crenshaw, Ph.D. position: Retired from teaching Spanish for 33 years degree: B.S.Ed. ’69, Spanish with a Math minor

photo provided by sally wilson crenshaw



y training at the College of Education has enabled me to teach all levels of high school and junior college Spanish. I have supervised student teachers, written grants and developed a Travel and Tourism Academy. I provided teacher training and promoted school improvement at the local and state levels. My enthusiasm to travel in Spanish-speaking countries began in 1968 when I participated in one of the first OHIO summer programs in Mexico. I am pleased that I was able to provide travel opportunities for students when I led tours to Spain, Mexico and Costa Rica. In addition to teaching, I have used my Spanish to serve as a translator for doctors and nurses on seven medical missions to Guatemala and to teach English as a Second Language. Several years after graduating from OHIO, I was fortunate to earn a master’s and doctoral degree in Bilingual Education from Florida State University. Now I am retired and looking forward to more travel!

Peter J. Zien position: Undergraduate student major: Middle Childhood Education, Math and Science


plan to travel abroad after graduation, during my first few years of teaching. I’ve already interviewed in Quito, Ecuador, and was offered a position teaching 7th grade math. My interviewers said that through my comfort in the classroom, ability to adapt to my students and focus on critical thinking, I interviewed better than a teacher with ten years of experience. I learned all of this through my experience with the CARE Partnership, which is founded entirely on student-based learning. This democratic way of teaching engages the student in the learning process and challenges them to think critically about new topics. Working with the schools in and around Appalachia has shown me how to thrive in a classroom with little or no funding. With nothing much to work with besides open minds, you truly learn how to educate those willing and able students.

Beth Nolan Tope position: Instructor, Louisiana State University degree: B.S.Ed. ’70, Spanish, Honors Tutorial College

Ronald D. Giles


hen I graduated in 1970, I never dreamed that forty years later I would still be dedicated to educating students. Decades brought new opportunities as I moved from teaching Spanish to English and reading, and then to a variety of administrative posts—including assistant superintendent of Milford Schools in Milford, Ohio. For the past nine years, however, I have been fortunate to go full circle. Instead of sitting in a college classroom and taking notes, I am the language arts methods instructor for senior education majors. Although trite, the phrase “I teach the future” truly characterizes my role, fuels my passion and energizes me to rise at 5:00 a.m. for the 7:30 a.m. class. It all began at OHIO.

position: Self-employed consultant in Television Retailing and Interactive Television degree: B.S.Ed. ’64, History and Secondary Education

photo provided by Beth Nolan Tope


fter graduating from the College of Education, I taught junior high school history in Columbus, Ohio. Three years later, I decided to change careers to commercial television production. My classroom experience proved especially valuable when I was one of seven Executive Vice Presidents responsible for creating the QVC shopping format. My task as EVP of Broadcasting was to get 120 or so broadcast professionals to create television in a way they never had before. Since there were no tapes to watch, I had to explain the format that I had created. My experience at the chalkboard proved very valuable for this task; I had to be clear, very clear, as we only had six weeks until the network premiered. This process was repeated in each international setting, including Mexico, South Korea, Brazil, China, Germany, Great Britain and Australia. It always required basic teaching techniques. The confidence honed from confronting eighth graders each day got me through my career hurdles every time.

photo provided by ronald d. giles


[ joy of giving ]

By William Saviers

Ohio alum establishes scholarship fund in honor of his mother Teachers take facts and wisdom and transfer them to others. They spark the fire of curiosity that leads to the development of our common life together. My mother was a teacher and very much a miracle. It is in her honor that I established a College of Education scholarship to benefit pre-service teachers. Born April 13, 1913 in Parkersburg, W. Va., Ada Margaret Wilson was fundamental sense of well-being, more than either of my parents knew in the only daughter of five children. As a child, she dreamt of going to college. their younger days. Mom was thoughtful and enjoyed surprising us with our favorite Her father and mother—A.H. and Blanche Wilson—made pies, breads and casseroles to the point that we delighted in that dream come true when they helped Ada enroll at eating as much as she and my father did. We relished family Ohio University in 1931. An education major, she meals, good food, conversation, drink and laughter. graduated in 1935 with a focus on home economics This heritage still prepares me for my plunge into each and physical education. She went on to teach for new day with a sense of expectation and wonder. more than 20 years in Ohio and West Virginia. For that I can only say ‘thank you’ and keep those In 1942, my mother’s roommate at OHIO experiences in mind when I have opportunities to got married. My parents met at that wedding— pass on what I have learned to those around me. my father the groom’s best man and my mother Ada made a deep impact on all her students, a bridesmaid. The next year, Ada Margaret but especially the female students, who saw Wilson became Ada Saviers. While my father through her example that they could get a fought in the World War II, my mother taught college education too. Her nieces remember school in Kent, Ohio, and Parkersburg, W. fondly that their Aunt Ada was a working Va. When my father returned, my sister and I woman, which showed them that they could followed in short succession while he attended enter the professional world as well and succeed. Kent State University. When life fell apart for one of her nieces, it was My parents belonged to what journalist my mother’s example that helped her persevere Tom Brokaw called the “Greatest and develop a career in banking to support and Generation,” a phrase he used to describe raise her family. My mother liked to discover new those tried by the Great Depression and things and share with others how to do them, a the second World War, many of whom trait she exemplified both in her profession and dedicated themselves to raising their families in raising a family. Her work and effort as well in a better world than the one they had as her humanity played a large role in teaching inherited. My mother found dozens of ways countless students and me about life. to use everything she and my father bought Ada Margaret Wilson Saviers (left) Because of my mother’s passion for education or grew to make ends meet and to feed pictured with her daughter Joan. and lifelong learning, I felt it was fitting to and raise our family. Because of the hard establish the Ada Margaret Wilson Saviers work and ingenuity of both my parents, my Photos provided by william saviers scholarship in her honor. sister and I were blessed with health and a


Because of my mother’s passion for education and lifelong learning, I felt it was fitting to establish the Ada Margaret Wilson Saviers scholarship in her honor.


Development Dear Readers, More than two millennia ago in ancient Greece, the playwright Aeschylus introduced the notion of “loving what it is to be human” in Prometheus Bound – philanthropia. Philanthropy has a rich history in the College of Education. In the past, private support has allowed us to establish three professorships that fund applied research in curriculum design and delivery. A number of endowed scholarships have enhanced the diversity of our student body, an initiative that is ongoing and much-needed.



With the help of alumni and friends, OHIO’s College of Education secured more than $670,000 in gifts and new commitments during the 2008-09 academic year. This support will allow our proud institution to continue preparing talented, responsible, ethical education and human service leaders in a learningcentered environment.


Most recently, our institution benefited from the extraordinary generosity of Violet Patton, B.S.Ed. ’38, whose gifts will facilitate the creation of the Violet L. Patton Center for Arts Education and the naming of the Gladys W. and David H. Patton College of Education. Already the 2009-10 academic year is on pace to be record-setting, with nearly $34.8 million in private support raised through January alone!

This honor roll recognizes outright gifts and pledge payments to any area within the College of Education between July 1, 2008 and June 30, 2009. Similarly, consecutive giving reflects support of the College.


# indicates years of consecutive giving * indicates Trustees’ Academy members

$10,000 & above

Our institution is grateful to Ms. Patton. She has entrusted her alma mater with the Patton family legacy. This act of love is mirrored by each of our loyal donors on a yearly basis and for that, we are indebted to you.

Robert C. & Ann H. Hartung* William P Saviers, Jr. Estate of Sharon L. Spencer*

Photo by rick fatica

All my best,


1 1 1

$1,000 to $9,999

Thank you for your unwavering support of and advocacy for our College of Education.

Kaylin Kopcho Director of Development (740) 593-4465

of e d u c at i o n

Raymond J. Asik Carolyn E. & Imre Balogh* Irene G. Bandy-Hedden* Robert C. Beverage Lawrence & Linda Burgess Amanda H. Calhoun C. Daniel & Diane S. DeLawder* Bonna P. & Thomas J. DeMarco Norman E. & Shirley W. Dewire Marlain Evans Jacque L. & Pasquale F. Gentile Louis Gaunaurd Iglesias Estate of Martha L. King Brandon S. & Tracie D. McCall Karen Ann McCready Renée A. Middleton Mary E. Rauschenberg Marjorie G. Schrader Claudette C. Stevens* Jane S. Strother* Alan I. & Mary Ellin Weinberg* Charles F. Wiedenmann* William R. Williams

4 2 23 3 1 1 10 8 4 2 9 1 2 2 13 3 3 15 11 10 5 14 2

$500 to $999 Karen Sue Ardner Richard A. Blaha Gerald & Kathleen G. Chamales Ronald W. Falbe Gregory D. Foley Elizabeth Backus Girard Frederick L. & Devera A. Graf* Lois S. & William H. Harkins Jr. Valerie B. Hendricks William D. Hilyard Charles D. Joseph, USAF Ret Idaclaire & Thomas H. Kerwin John K. Kotowski Susan R. & Michael B. LaGraff Louise Hesse Irrevocable Trust Marilyn B. McCleary Charles W. Meier Sharon V. Miller Karen A. Moss Donald Lee Randolph Lois J. Roads Allison C. & William Forrest Roush Loni L. Shegog-Hunt Sue A. Shuck Jeanne & Frederick W. Smiledge Price K. Snyder Penelope L. & William J. Spanfellner

3 6 1 11 1 6 5 24 6 1 14 1 1 5 7 16 1 5 4 1 1 3 15 5 2 1 1

Jill Fultz Tague Sieglinde & Larry J. Warren Janet L. & Paul A. Williams* Larry W. Yeater

7 1 25 3

$100 to $499 14 Deborah Peist Abbott 4 Freda I. Adams 5 Lynn C. Adams 1 Olin L Adams III 1 Kathleen H. Aitken 1 Rena L. & Charles M. Allen 1 Judith L Allen 3 Glenda Anderson 1 Joyce Anderson 1 Carolyn Louise Andrade 1 Martha Apple 1 Minoru Arii 3 Sarah C. & Daniel D. Arnett 3 Thomas J. Ashbaugh 1 Joyce C. Atwood 2 Virginia E. Aupperle 1 Susan W. & Kenneth L. Bagent 5 Nancy & Rick A. Baldwin 3 Janice L. & David L. Barger 10 Barbara E. Barlow 1 Blue Barron 2 Bernice M. Bartels Janice M. & Christopher T. Baughman 3 1 Martha F. & Damien Oliver Bawn 1 Joanne & Paul N. Baxter 1 Richard B Beach 3 Mary Ann Beck 26 Charles D. Becker 1 John H. Beelke 5 Nancy L. & David R. Beitzel 3 Barbara A. Benczo 14 Richard H. Berge 6 Sharon C. & Dean A. Berry 1 Lynda V. Bibler 14 Carolyn R. & Blaine S. Bierley 4 Susan B. & Robert M. Bishop 3 James A. Bjornerud 1 Lori E. & Scott Cameron Blair 1 William J. Blitz 25 John N. Bode 2 Marjorie A. Boggs 12 Ann W. Bowes 5 Lois R. & Norman Bowker 1 Rebecca Boyd 2 Maureen Boyer 1 Michele Maxwell Brannock 8 Cynthia A. & Charles W. Bratcher 2 Thomas C Brobeck 2 Carl W. Brostedt 1 Margaret L. & Howard L. Brown 5 Karen Anne Brucken 1 Meryann Bruketa-Vladic 6 Danielle L. & Michael J. Bruning 15 Nancy & Donald L. Bubenzer 4 Kenneth W. Budd 5 Carol A. Buhr 1 Donna C. Burch 8 Sandra W. Burgio 1 Sheila K. & Donald R. Burns 2 Diane C. Burns-Monjot 1 Robin Tina Burrow 12 Amy Lynne Burt 1 Jane L. Butler 15 Judith A. Cain 16 Sylvia & Willard K. Cale

Richard D. Campbell Polly Prendergast Canfield James Edmund Canney Teresa B. & Paul M. Canter Sylvia Smith Caracio Mary S. Carder N. Darlene Carpenter Windsor D. Chacey Jennifer Lynn Chamberlain Jeneva F. & David J. Champion Elizabeth D. Chepus Sigma Iota Lois & Robert I. Christel William G. Christie Jennifer K. & Michael T. Ciok Elizabeth D. Clark Kimberly Dawn Clary Timothy Cleary Stanton W Coakley Mel D. Coleman Doris A. Conger Elaine M. Connelly Cynthia C. Cookson Nancy L. & John R. Cooper Dennis S. Corsi Patrick F. Cosiano Maryanne Courtney Janet & David T. Craig Timothy A. Crandall Candice Nicole Crawford Thea J. & Mark Crawmer Jane R. & Clifford W. Cribbs Linda D. Crozier Phyllis Cummings Tiffany K. Curry Catherine Custenborder Rebecca J. Cyrus Georgia Dallepezze Barbara T. & Paul R. Daly Barbara & Harold E. Daniels Jacqueline L. & James C. Darby Norma Jean Davis Phyllis R. & Richard M. Davis Hope W. & Richard L. Davisson Mary Lou Deel Doris M. & John DeMicco Jr. Georgiana & John P. DeMolet Jr. Donnajean W. & William R. deSilva Mary J. Disney Candace M. & John Doherty Baldwin M. Domingo Mark J. Dosch Pamela J. Dotson Linda L. & Thomas R. Dowler Barbara E. & Franklin W. Downhour John F. Doyle Sara Wade Drake John H. Drew II Michelle & John Leo Duffy Frances D. & William E. Dunlap Hugh Durbin W. Gary Dutey Connie & Thomas J Dwyer Paul J. Edler Jr. Paula D. Eichbauer Lisa & Leonard R. Eliason Melinda J. Eliot Janis I. Elliott Anastasia D. & Michael A. Elliott Virginia R. Ellis Nila M. Elsass

9 1 5 1 1 4 11 4 2 1 16 1 1 1 1 13 1 1 1 1 2 2 4 1 3 4 5 2 2 2 2 6 2 4 1 6 2 3 1 3 1 1 6 24 4 1 3 4 6 1 1 2 6 3 1 5 3 3 5 4 17 2 1 11 4 1 2 1 1 2 3

Barbara L. Engel George F. Ervin Charles T. Faneuff Mary K. & Bradley L. Fawcett Robyn L. & Daniel A. Feinstein Jaime K. & David B. Feldman Gina L. & William R. Fetty Jeanne F. Fick Mabel I. & Roger H. Fink Charles Edwin Finley Maribeth Fisher Raymond H. Flautt Robert A Fletcher Gayle A. & Dale E. Floyd Katie Foley Michael L. Foster Norma J Foster Kenneth E. Fowler Nancy Ann Fox Beverly & Ralph H. Francis Naomi R. Franklin-Ladd Sherry D. & Edward Fritschi Joyce L. & Jacob F. Froning Donna L. Fulks Judith M. & Charles D. Fulton Kenneth J. Furrier Diana & Arnold D. Gabriel Mary A. Gallagher Joy & Gasper Garcia Paul M. Gardner Kathleen Garland-Rike Dwight A. Garrett Janice M. Garver Norman J. & James S. Gastin Dino J Gaudio Thomas A. Gerke Liza R. & David F. Gettles Sally R. Gifford Julia G. & Robert D. Grace Steven Gramet Nancy & Peter H. Grant Carol Green April & Donald E. Green Robert H. Griffin Sharon S. & Gayle K. Grimes Mary E. Groner Sally E. Grossenbacher Maralee E. Gruey Margaret A. Guentert Mildred P. & Robert E. Guinn Patricia & Lawrence F. Guzowski Pamela & Russell D. Haas Peggie Halberstadt Jeanette & Glen H. Hale Laurie A. Halm Lynne L. Hamelberg Ann W. & William H. Hanning Jr. Robert M Hansgen Betty Lou Harden Triena M. & Gary N. Harper Jane R. & Robert K. Harris Suzanne M. Harris Diane E. Hartley Patricia A. & James S. Hartman Doreen A. Hays Christopher Charles Hayward Rosalyn L. & Philip L. Headington Jeanne A. & David M. Heaton Sharon S. & Frederick A. Hegele Margaret R. Hellems-May Marilyn & Lowell E. Henderson

3 4 20 3 1 3 4 12 4 9 6 2 3 4 1 9 4 1 2 2 1 7 5 9 1 4 2 7 5 11 7 7 3 15 1 1 1 1 15 12 3 3 4 5 12 9 4 12 1 7 5 2 4 1 13 16 2 1 3 1 3 4 2 1 3 2 2 4 15 5 4

Thomas H. Hevlin Ellen & Daniel B. Hill Paul A. Hilty John H. Hoff III Alan M. Hoffman Dalton D. Hogue Mary B. Holdbrooks Taunya M Holmes-Strahan Barbara & Terry A. Holstein Linda Hon Dorothy J. & William F. Horn Judith Bennett Hornsby Patricia Ann Horsley George R. Horton Mary G. & Philip E. Hummel Marjorie Humphreys William F. Hurley Mary L. & Charles R. Hurst Susan K. Huss Marilyn K. Hutchins Sally C. & John E. Imes Susan J. Jack Kathy L. & William L. Jackson Adrian M. & Thomas A. Jacubec Larry W. Jageman Rosalie Jarrett Roberta R. John Annamae H. Johnson Diane L. Jones Janet M. Stith Kalas Arthur T. Kaneshiro Joy Kantner Angie & Gary R. Karges Charles J. Karikas Helen E. Kasari Kathleen F. Keenan Margaret J. & Ned E. Keiber Kelly E. & William D. Kellar II Susan L. Kinner Helen J. Kinsworthy Myles R. Kiphen Robert A. Klein Pamela S. Knauer Marialice Kollar Patricia & John A. Koonts Carolyn A. Kowalchik Donald E. Kramer Sharyn A Kropp George J Kucsma Paul E. Kulik Mary L. Kuster Kathleen S. & Walter L. Kutscher Jr. Barbara Kay Kuzma Kenneth Kuzmiak Duc C. Ky Teddy R. Lacy Thomas D. Lammers Reva H. & Kenneth G Lampman Lynn Ann Lang Marianne S. & Paul R. Langland Willa J. & C. Rolland Lattanner William J. Lautar Vera L. & Charles Lawrence Theodore F. Laws Jr. Emily L. Leedy Roberta T. Lehrman Ronald E Leithe Carolyn Williams Lester Robert M. Libbee Mary R. Littleton Charles E. Litz

1 1 7 14 1 5 2 1 1 1 1 4 18 21 1 3 5 5 1 2 1 3 3 1 7 7 4 1 6 11 1 4 1 3 1 5 1 1 1 7 1 1 3 4 12 15 5 1 8 2 1 1 2 15 1 6 1 1 2 4 2 9 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 5 11



4 Cheri L. & David N. Logan 4 Mari Ann Lombardo 2 Aderene M. Lowry 5 Melinda S. & Carl T. Lurz 3 Natalie A. & Daniel Luskevich 1 Doris L Lytle Colonel (Ret) Margaret Jean Madden 25 4 Marjorie A. & Robert A. Main Jr. 2 Patricia & Larry G. Mallett 10 Barbara Ann Malone 9 Elizabeth Joan Maril 1 Emma Jean Mark 1 Carol K. Martin 1 Flora L. Martin 19 Marilyn & Ralph E. Martin Jr. 1 Christian Chandler Masterson 1 Sandra L. & Thomas M. Masterson 1 Deborah Lynne Matthews 1 Eustace P. Matthews 13 Thomas E. McBee 5 Doris Holt McCain 1 John W. McCarty Jr. 8 Monena M. McCarty 2 Patricia & John E. McClure 4 Sylvia M. McClure 2 Philip N. McCullough 1 John W. McCutcheon 1 Ron L. McDermott 3 Sandra Smith McLoney 1 John F. McMillian 1 Richard F. Meckley 1 Kathryn A. & Michael J. Medley 15 Mary H. Megeath 1 Bath E. & Edwin W. Meier 1 Richard P. Meininger 4 Janis W. Meister 1 Elizabeth Jane Melick 2 Rose E. & James F. Merkowitz 1 Beverly A. & Richard W. Metzger 5 Thelma Jean Meyer 1 Carl W. Michael 2 Sandra L. & Charles E. Miller II 1 Elizabeth W. Miller 4 Mary E. & John J. Miller 2 Linda P. Miller 6 Ramona M. Miller 2 Gary Million 1 Vida L. Mitchell 1 Dawn M. & Warren E. Mock 3 Lewis R. Mollica Sr. 11 Sandra & Arthur D. Monahan 12 Jo A. Montgomery 1 Mary J. & Steven L. Montgomery 5 Brenda K. & Thomas F. Mooney 2 Shirley J. Morris 1 Susan T. & Willard D. Moyer Jr. 1 Leanna L Munn 11 Sue Lilly Munson 24 Eugene R. Murdock 7 Georgia Murray 1 Cynthia A. Myers 1 Eric J. Myers 7 John T Myers 6 Sandra & Wallace B. Neel 8 Louise Ann Newlove 6 Paul A. Noble 1 Nancy R Noeske 5 Barbara A. Nourse 4 Phyllis C. Oates 1 Richard J. Obrecht 6 Kathryn B. & Barry J. Oches 3 Karen O’Donnell

4 Janet M. Oldham 1 Lisa Kaye Olney 4 Bernadette A. Ordian 25 Joan L. Orford Mary P. & Frederick Packer 1 Charles E. Page 2 George M. Paree 3 Michelle L. Paris 1 Ruth M. Parker 1 Nancy A. Parshall 1 Alice L. Pasquarella 6 Henrietta Patton 8 Patricia Jo Paul 1 Amy L. & Barney Peckens 4 Patricia L. Peoples 1 Sheryl & John P. Perduyn 2 Claude G. Perkins 1 Barbara J Petroff Oaks 8 Beverly A. & Bruce A. Phillips 4 Peggy A. Phillips 1 James H. Phinney 4 Shirley & Albert Picciano 1 Jack D. Pierson 10 Lynn L. Pohlod 2 Anita L. Polacek 1 Nancy H Polansky 3 Deborah M. Polca 1 Mary J. Poston 6 Willard E. Poston 1 Susan F. & Henri C. Preuss 1 Dora L. Prihar 16 Donald Keith Prillman 1 Gayle S. & Lewis E. Prine 1 Cynthia M. & Steven M. Puckett 7 William E. Pugh 4 James V. Puperi 3 Orren L Rayford 10 Marjorie D. & Anthony S. Reese 2 Robert D Regula 4 Carol S. Reichelderfer 1 John S Reid Jr 1 Paula K. & Richard P. Reiss 4 Loree E. & Alan A. Resnik 5 Mary Beth & John F. Reynolds 3 Audrey N. & Craig T. Rhodes Vera L. & Michael Allen Richardson 4 6 Susan B. Richetto 1 Woodrow W. Rickman II 8 Patricia J. & Charles B. Ridenour Jessica & Michael Anthony Rini III 1 1 Joanne Risacher 2 Lorena M. Risch 1 Barbara J. Riskay 1 James C. Ritchey 10 Beverly A Rivera 8 Ann Rivers 4 Christa J. & David G. Rivers 2 Jared W Robinson 2 Harvey E Roehling 2 Ronald R. Rohner 6 Ruthann Bush Root 4 Alice Ross 1 Denise & Monte J. Ross 2 Pauline A. & James F. Rucker 19 Edna H. & Frederick R. Rufener 1 Catherinlu Russell 1 Donna J. Saari 11 Patricia A. & Frank W. Sachire 14 Elizabeth Saling 19 Carol Saunders 1 Robert L. Sayre 1 Carol D. & John H. Schee

Martha A. & Ernest W. Scherzer Martha Schliefert Carolyn F. Schneider Gayle D. Schroeder Robert Schuff Georgia & Ronald J. Schuff Ann Lucy Sciglimpaglia Jean R. Senft Mark A Severance Janice Sherer Gladys Shimek James T. Shipman Betty J. Shonebarger Luann & Phillip O. Simila Kathryne L. Simmons Elizabeth S. & Robert S. Simon Betty L. Skillman Annajean Slater Nancy & Kenneth C. Smith Mark W. Smith Rose Marie R. Smith Rosemary Smith Janet L. & Roy A. Smith William Russell Smith Jr. Richard E. Snide Ruth Morris Solem Mary Sorosy Rodger L. Southward Norma & Charles F. Spademan Penny C. & Alan G. Spencer Roger D Spires David B. Squibb Jr. Catherine & Vincent Squillace Linda M. & Larry M. Starr L. Kenneth Steiner Jr. Bernice C. & Phillip A. Stephenson Janet & Ronald L. Stevens Leslie A. Stevenson Roger W Stewart Linda G. & Robert J. Stojetz Stephanie A. Strickland Caroline E. Stuart Mary & Franklin D. Sturgeon Marjorie A. Swarer George I. Talbott Donna J. Taylor Charles E Tennant Peggy K. Thoma Rebecca J. Thomas Rosana & Thomas N. Thomas Barbara A. Thommen Nancy J. Thompson Barbara Tillman-Keene Patsy E. & David E. Todt Annamarie M Tomaro Donald T. Torreson Jacquelyn S. Trinler Melinda Andrea Tsapatsaris Jane C. Turner Nancy S. Turner Sandra Turner Thomas T. Tykodi Jeanne Rapp Umbenhour Elizabeth J. Underwood Scott David Urig L. Dale Van Tine Joanna M. Varriano Joan W. Wagner Geraldine K. & Gary O. Walla Kay I. & Robert J Wallace Joyce B. Wallach Gregory Wasil

2 3 12 2 5 4 1 4 2 2 2 1 1 2 3 11 5 9 5 4 3 1 3 1 3 4 2 13 2 8 2 18 2 2 8 3 6 15 5 1 4 1 3 6 2 3 2 5 5 6 18 5 3 1 6 3 1 3 1 18 3 14 6 5 2 2 3 5 1 2 6 2

Lois E. & David M. Weis Cynthia D. & Brian A. Welchko G. Wayne West Marilyn A. & John H. White Nancy & Thomas R. Whyte Patricia B. & Thomas D. Wickline Patricia A Wiezbiski Sharon Welker Wiggins Barbara E. Williams Laura J. & Gregory Williams David Jon Willmer Delores Wise Shirley M. & William L. Wolfe Kevin W. Wright Sandra H. Yarnell Alberta Yeboah Carol S. Young Kristin Helt Young Patricia Marin & John T. Yun James P. Zimmerman Jill M. & Daniel A. Zinni Fred L. Zollinger Ninette R. Zuzek

Up to $99

1 2 1 2 6 3 2 2 4 2 1 5 9 1 5 1 4 14 3 2 4 2 9

2 Shannon Elizabeth Abbuhl 1 Matthew Simon Aber 1 Elizabeth M. Abraham 1 Kathryn F Abrams 1 Maureen R. Ackerman 8 Dorothy L. Ackers 1 Judith E. Adamkiewicz 2 Phyllis Ann Adams Nanita S. & Theodore R. Adams 5 1 Tim P. Adams 1 James Richard Addington 1 Alan W. & Karen A. Adkins 3 Cheryl L. & Heinz J. Akers 2 Robert F. Albert 3 Gail & Frank R Ali 6 Carol L. Alkire 5 Nathan Clark Altizer 1 A. Elizabeth Anderson 1 Jon M Anderson 15 Sue Anderson 13 Susan A. Anderson 2 Todd M. Anderson 1 Marie T. Andes 1 Carrie & David T. Andrews 20 Helen M. Andrews 2 Sue C. Andrews 5 Ralph W. Arend Jr. 9 Jill Teresa Armstrong 2 Elizabeth A. Arnold 9 Marcia Arons 5 Esther M. Arrants 8 Diane R. Aschenbach 2 Sandra Elaine Ash 6 Beverly Sheffler Ashbrook Marcia G. & Charles R. Atkinson 8 1 Marna Simons Austin 4 Cynthia K. Bacon 1 Anna L. Bailey 4 Carolyn K Bailey 7 Joan W. & Jacque R. Bair, Sr. 3 Margaret L. Baird 1 Beth A. & Bruce W. Baker 6 Don F. Baker 4 Mary Ann & Michael A. Baker 5 Melissa A. Baldwin 5 Gail L. Bange 2 Margaret K. & Roy E. Barclay

Beth J Bardonner 1 Anthony P. & Sue A. Barga 1 Kristin E. Barker 1 Kevin L. & Melissa A. Barnett 2 Linda O. Barnett 15 Barbara E. Barol 2 Gene & Roberta Barrett 9 Shirley A Bartin 5 William H. Barton 2 Georgiann J. Basilone-Moss 5 Deborah M. Baskin 4 Charlotte Marie Basnett 4 James Franklin Baublitz 1 Irene S Bauer 4 Peter M. Bauer 2 Frances Kay Bauer-Morrow 1 Thomas W. Baugh 1 Abby L. Baughman 1 Lisa Michelle Baughman 1 Max V. & Janice Baughman 12 Susan Clough Bauman 2 Martin R. Baumgardner 1 Mary Kay Baumgartner 1 Paul H. Baxter 1 Lucinda Sue Beardsley 1 Betty L Beck 1 Jane A. & Kit R. Becker 1 Robert E. Beegle 6 William K. Beegle 5 vioral Science Associates Inc. 3 Margaret Benke 5 Harry W. Bennett 1 Richard O. Bennett 2 Robert E Bennett 1 Susan M. Benson 1 Donald E. & Sherry A. Bentley 4 Marleen Berger 2 Laura Lee Bergman 2 Lynda R. Berk 1 Carol T. & Donn L. Bernath 3 Anne Bernosky 1 David C. Berry 1 Charles T Beshara 4 Carl E. & Martha F. Bethel 9 Robert J. Bethel 1 Robert W. Bevacqua 4 Darlene P. Bevelhymer 1 Leon D. & Patricia T. Bevins 5 Robert G. Bevins 7 Judy & Robert J. Bezek 3 Meriam H. & Oville C. Bibbee 1 Candace L. Bishop 1 Susan & Mark L. Bishop 1 Patsy L. Bishop 1 Helen K. Bjork 4 Alison Black 3 Martha B. Black 10 Ethalinda Blackman 16 Vernon Lee Blaine 5 Monica R. Blake 9 Eleanor J. Bloom 2 Sandra L. & Christopher S. Boehm 16 Marilyn S. & Jerry Bogard 2 John A. Boggs 2 Mary L. Bolinger 10 Bonnie Jean Bolsen 1 Craig A. & Wendelin K. Bonar 2 Bradley Kenneth Bonham 1 Francis V Bono 7 Charles R. Bookman 1 Jayne E. Peterson & Ronald J. Boos 5 Ray H. & Helen Booth 1

Alva D. & Mary L. Bostick Eleanor D. Bowers Robin B. Bowyer Carole L. Boyd Jay O. Boyer Patricia A. Boykin Catherine W. Boyles Annie Brabson Kirsten L. Bradely Eleanore Bradenbaugh Diane M. Bradley Thelma J. Brady James L. & Judith Brainard Betty J. Branham Michael L. Brant Douglas M. Brasdovich Carolyn D. Breece Gail L Breeze Julia A. & Thomas A. Brewer Ronald A. Bricker Jane E. & Bradley F. Briggs Esther Hedges Brinkman Kenneth Brown Linda D. & Richard T. Brown Theresa A. & Stephen D. Brown Robert A. Bruns Mary Frances Bryja Brenda Sue Buchy Virginia Burchett Katherine A. Burcsu Diana Frances Burke Claudia Burnett Karen L. Bushell Sandra R. Butcher Virginia L. & John R. Buzzard Brooke A. Byrne Deborah & Roger H. Calendine Dominick Calo Marilyn B. & James G. Campbell Margaret A. Campbell Muriel I. Campbell Patricia Brown Campbell Susan L. Campbell Carol E. Canavan Molly K. & Mark J. Cappone Jacquelyn Renee Cappuzzello Kathryn C Carlson Sarah Diehl Carpenter Lisa M. & Kevin Carr Adele M. Carrabine Jessie F. Case Jane L. Catoe Erin M. Cavey Harold E Cecil JoAnne Ross Chapin Karen S. Chapman Russell Cody Chappell Tamara K. & Jeffrey L. Chase Jacqueline & Jerald R. Chase Cathy R. & Glenn F. Chester Lawrence Hudson Chinn Joan J. & Ettore Chiudioni Aloma A Chorey Marilyn Christman Patrick M. Christy Eve L. & Donald F. Ciner Karen L. & Gerald C. Ciula Linda L. & Donald Clapacs Carol Clark Virginia D. & Jack L. Clevenger Brenda B. Cobb Pamela Yoder Cochrane

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Jeanne Butzberger Coen Kelly K. Coffey Robert A. Cohen Judith L Coil Nancy Colley John E. Collins Polly D. Collins Keisha K. & James F. Colson Don Combs Marilyn P. Combs Barbara Grace Come Jean Ann Conaway Patricia Conroy Conn Marilyn A Connolly Deborah Lynn Conroy Katherine Nicole Conway Susan & Michael P. Coonrod Mary S. & Howard B. Cooper Linda M. Cooper Kathryn G. Copley Mary Ellen Cormany Alice R. Corwin Mary A. & Richard H. Cottrell Jean Annable Cozza Deborah E. & Richard D. Crabtree Arthur Eugene Craft Margaret S. & Roger W. Crago Diane M Craig Regina L. & John G. Craig George W Crane Martha Louise Crock Debra A Cronin Judith A. & Edward A. Crooks Barbara M. & I. Carson Crow* Patti T. & David R. Crunelle Lila V. & James R. Cummings Susan J. & Gary L. Cunningham, Jr. Letitia J. Curless Joseph A. Cwiklinski Robert Graydon Cyders Rachel S. & Jack G. Damioli James Damron Michael A Dannaker Cheryl L. Darden William J. Darnell June H. & Harold E. Daugherty Donald R. Davie Janice C. & David A. Davis Diane Kay Davis Sarah A Davis Donna L. Davis-Brown Margaret E. Dawson Carolyn S. Day Ayres G. D’Costa Linda M. Deeds Bernice E. & William L. Deime Patricia & Anthony J. Delduca Gloria A. & William H. Denham Marjorie A. Derr Kimberly L. Dershem Brenda C. Devine Ethel & Delven W. Devore Lenore J. Dickens Francis J. DiClemente Ellen L. Disbennet Norma J Distel Estelle E. & Richard W. Dixon Sandra J. & James K. Dombroski Alice M. Donkin Rebecca L. Donley Peggy B Dorfman Suzanne C. T. Doss

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Susan & Christopher L. Douglass Rebecca Pieper Douthitt Robert W. Downey William J Downey Hilda H. & Francis B. Doyle Linda C. & Richard J. Dozer Hilda C. & Roger W. Drake Karen S. & Ken Dray Carol A. Driscoll Helen K. Dronsfield Lois F. & Eugene L. Dunn Georgia A. Dunn Myra G Dunn Rosalie Dunn Gary E. Duvall Marie C. Eaton Carrie & Eugene Ebert Robin R. Echols Christi Lynn Eckert Margaret W. Edwards Athena & Richard T. Ehlert Susan C. & Edwin A. Ehni Mary Ellen Elias Craig Gerald Elliott Carol L. & John D. Emerich Kelly Diane Emmons Vicki J. Engel Christine E. Engle Leila R. & Morton E. Epstein Jill M Erford Virginia L. & Edward W. Erner Matthew Alexander Ernst Alison E. Ersfeld Joanne K. & Allan M. Etzkin Betsy S. Evans Nancy & David R. Evans Nancy McKernan Evans Jean C. Everhart Loren E. & Mark B. Evilsizor Sharon W. Farnsworth Richard L. Farrell Jack Charles Faulkner Philip R Fawcett Kyle G. Fenner Susan K. Ferrell Jean J. & Ralph J. Finkle Martin S. Fisch Lynn J. Fischer Barbara K. Fisher Janet M. Fisher ld Flannery Beverly O. & Donald L. Fleming Zaina K. Flickinger Doris I. Flynn Kaye L. Ford Janet M. & Charles E. Forni Donald R. Forquer Marcia Fosnaugh Nancy A. & Andrew J. Foster Barbara M. Foster Mary H. Fowler Frances Elizabeth Fox Carol Frame William Mark Francis Francine & Timothy Fraundorf Tami L. Frazier Tim J Frederick Julia L. & Daniel A. Frindt Fay A. Fryman-Day Shirley A. & John M. Fuscoe Vera B. & Don Gable David Charles Gaffner

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Linda W. & George D. Gagai 2 Heather A. Galentine 1 Marilyn K Gallaher 5 Tamara J. & Todd L. Gardner 1 Mary E. & Donald C. Gatchell 2 Ronna-Jean Gedeon 1 Ann C. & Stanford D. Gehres 2 Nancy L. & E. Mark Geiger 2 Carolyn B. Gerber 4 Marilyn & Richard A. Giambetro 1 Eleanor A Gibson 4 Eloise K Gibson 5 Ronna L Gibson 1 Gail J. Gilbert 1 Leslie F. Gill 5 Donna W. Gilligan 4 Michelle Lee Gillilan 1 Joan F. & Steven Gilliland 1 Patricia A. Gilmore 6 Kathryn A. & Geoffrey Gilway 1 Marian B. & Joseph K. Glatterman 11 E. Jean Glenn 6 Ned J. Gohring 4 Kimberlie Lynn Goldsberry 1 Kay L. & Byrdell C. Goldsmith II 1 Lora J. Goman 1 Shannon Renee Gonzalez 1 Emily S. & Richard F. Good 1 Lynnette M. Gordon 2 Marcie Arlene Gordon 1 Sol & Winifred L. Gordon 1 Cathy A. Gorman 4 Julie A. & Richard P. Goss 4 Lynette Putzier Grable 1 Mary Beth & Michael R. Graham 1 Charles I. Granger 1 Cynthia L. Grau 2 Julia Graves 5 Josephine Graziano 2 Mary Margaret Greene 5 Reeva & Seymour Greenstein 1 Marilyn A Grendel 4 Larry E. Greulich 3 Jennifer N. Gribben 1 Dana L. Grieser 5 Susan E. Griffiths 1 Ann Louise & William A. Grim 9 Nancy L. Grimm 1 Dennis Jay Grooms 1 Ethel M. Grooms 9 Fred E Gross 1 Jane H. & James E. Grover 3 Elanna C. & Larry C. Grover 1 Lydia E Guerrieri 1 William J. Guinter 1 Jeryln K. Guy 12 Julie A. Gyongyosi 1 Elizabeth Chesnutt Hacker 3 Donna L. Hadley 1 Susan Hagan 1 Sandra L. Hager 1 Lynn M. Hahn 2 Mary Virginia Haist 2 Sandra K. Hale 1 Judith C. Hales 1 Rebecca A. Halterman 4 Peggy A. Hancher 10 Lynn R. & Victor L. Hanna 4 David Frank Hanning 2 Barbara A. & Drew R. Hansen 3 Judith C. Hanson 3 Helen D. Hapanowicz 2

Norbert S. Hapanowicz 2 Joyce A. Hardbarger 2 Sheryle F. Hardcastle 1 Megan Elizabeth Harper 1 Sheilah A. Harper 2 Carole A. Harris 3 Donna F. Harris 9 Jo A. & Frank H. Harris, Jr. 1 Kara K. Harris 2 Marietta H. Harris 3 Ruth H. Harris 3 Julie M. & Darren K. Harris-Fain 2 Patricia J. Hartley 1 Cindy J. Harvel 9 Genevieve Kay Harvey 10 Carl L. Hastie 5 J. Eileen Gallagher Haugh 9 Eric C. Haupert 1 Tracie L. Hawkins 1 Karen D. Hayes 1 Chantal N. & Matthew W. Hayes 3 Nancy L. & Roger E. Haymond 4 Janice S. & Paul A. Haynes 1 Robert L Heaberlin, Jr. 1 Elizabeth L. Hecker 12 Sandra Helber 1 Sharon Riggs Hendershot 1 Kathleen P. Henry 1 Alice & Edward C. Hensch I 2 Helen S. Henson 12 Kira Lamarre Herbert 1 Naomi K. & Joel E. Hercik 1 Eileen K. & John M. Herrmann 1 Wallace W. Higgins 3 Nicole Renee Hill 2 Teresa L. Hill 1 Carol A. & Frank L. Hillenbrand 2 Jane S. Hiller 1 Kathryn S. Hirsch 15 Marisa N. & Matthew B. Hirsch 1 James O. Hissom 2 Cassandra S. Hoagland 1 Emily S Hoar 3 Mona T. Hobson 2 Ruth A. Hoch 2 Constance E. & J. Michael Hockman 1 Janice L. Hoeffler 1 Francine G. & Richard B. Hogg 1 Ward T. Holdsworth 4 James K Holland Jr 2 Kathy L. Hollins 1 Penni Hollwager-Finch 3 Marianna B. Holtel 1 James H. Homb 1 Stephanie Carroll Hoover 3 Lucinda M Hope 2 Stephen R. Hopkins 5 Barbara B Hoppe 2 Judith A. Horchler 20 Doreen M. Horn 2 Teresa E. & Geoffrey C. Horn 1 Karen M Hostettler 4 Kathy A Howell 5 John Maynard Hoyes 20 Sonya & Eugene Hryb 2 Grace L. & David A. Hubbard 1 Margaret E. Hubble 2 Linda & Thomas A. Hudak 3 Barbara R. Hudson 3 Sylvia Cavallo Huelsman 1 Carolyn Huested 1 Erin L. Huffman 1

Betty J. Hughes Marcy Hughes Terri S. & David B. Hull Donna S. Humble Barbara J. Huml Patricia A. & Dale R. Humphrey Karen L. Humphrey Carol J. Hunt Larry Thomas Hunter Barbara R. & Mark R. Huntwork Eileen L. & Ralph E. Hutcheson Bob E. Hutchins Patricia J. & Alton M. Huth Thomas A. Hutto Joyce E. Inch Robert E. Indermuhle Barbara & Lee Irons Rose F. Isch Jane & William A. Jabs Karen L. & Michael E. Jackson Susan Jackson Wendy W. & Richard G. Jakmas Natalie M. & Gary L. James Vikki S. M. & Terry V. James Peggy Jameson James A. Jamieson Cristina Marsh Jayne Kathleen E Jenkins Laura G. & James S. Jerpbak John C. Jessell Delores R. Johnson George W. Johnson Rebecca Clair Johnson Betsy S. & Robert L. Johnson II Steven L. Johnson Susan S. Johnson Clarion E. & Bruce A. Johnston Diana J. & Atwood P. Jones Mary H. & David H. Jones Janet Lynn Jones Valerie Nicole Jones Pamela J. & Jim Jordan Seth Hamilton Jordan Kenneth E. Joseph Margaret F. & Todd L, Justice Dorothy Justus Margaret B. Kadunc Renee M. & Gerald Kahn Sheila K. & James M. Kalklosch Douglass E. Kammerer Spencer Dennis Kane Charlotte Eliza Kasl Joyce M. Kast Rochelle S Katz Kimberly Michelle Keber Robert G. Keim Laura Ann Kelley Marcia Kelsey Helen D. Masters Kemp Hilles G. Kemp Lavon & William R. Kendra Linda C. & William H. Kendrick Theresa A. Kerkuta Rebecca R. & Justin A. Kern Marilyn A. Kern Cynthia J. Kester Barbara P. & Kenneth G. Kidder Edward W. Kifer Jr. Bethany A. & Joseph E. Kilgore Marcia & Marshall C. Kimball Idora Mae Kimbro Donna J. Kimpel

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Kathryn H. Kindelan 1 Pamela Sue & David J. Kindinger 9 Carol A. King 6 Carolyn King 1 Janie S. King 1 Trena L. Kinnan 4 Norma K. Kirby 2 Mary L. Kirkpatrick 2 Kathleen A. Kish 1 Lisa Marie Kiss 1 Sue Kitzler 3 Jeanne M. Klein 2 Charlotte A. Kline 2 Christine M. & Jonathan R. Kline 1 Phyllis E. & Allen H. Knisley 7 Larry James Kobel 1 Marlene Kochensparger 1 Nancy N. & Charles W. Kochheiser 12 Bonnie I. & Franklin J. Koci 1 Karin Ann Kopchak 6 Kaylin A. Kopcho 2 Maxine G. Kopecky 2 Brian Keith Koster 3 Charles Kovolo 1 Donna & James D. Kowall 3 Lawrence R. Kozak 1 Carol R. & Kenneth C. Krah 1 Edward R. Krahenbuhl 1 Robert Thomas Krajnyak 1 Marjorie Kohn Kramer 4 Marijane K. Kubach 6 David W. Kuhn 21 Elaine Kuhni 1 Janice Kumbusky 1 Alan T. Kupchella 3 Woody Kupper 1 Kathy J. Kurelic 4 Susan T. Kutscherenko 3 John E Laczko 1 Arthur P. Lagerstedt 1 Rita E. Lahmers 1 Suzanne H. Lamb 5 Kim C. Lane 1 Elizabeth A. Lang 9 Kelly Anne Langenbrunner 1 Carol L. LaRocca 1 Merilie J. & John C. Larsen 1 Phillip C. Larson 4 Martha E. & R. David Lasure 1 Laurie A. & Jeffrey A. Laturell 1 Judith E. Laughlin 1 Sandra K. Lauvray 1 Margaret F. & Lawrence M. Lavelle 2 Jacklyn D. & Randy E. Lawrence 3 Kimberly M. & John Laws 1 Rebecca Sue Layne 3 Bridget Leahy-McNutt 2 Carole S. Lear 5 Charisse E. Lee 1 Susan E. Lee 23 Jill Leimkuehler-Mazgaj 1 Phyllis L. & Jacob F. Leonhardt 1 Susanne & David E. Lesesky 2 Maureen L. & Scott A. Lessing 2 Ellen Levenson 8 Larry J. Levi 2 Mark A Levy 1 Mary A. Lewis 2 Michael J. Leymaster 1 Alice B. Licker 1 Gary A. Lickfelt 3 Pamela Kathleen Light 1

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Mary Beth Lightle 1 Isabella M. & Charles W. Lindner, Jr. 2 Kathy L. & Andrew S. Liszkay 1 Richard William Little 1 John F. Locker 2 Diane K. Lofland 1 Scott Geoffrey Logsdon 2 Carole M. Lombardo 1 Frances Lombardo-Lee 16 Kathie L. Lombardy 1 Mary Anne Long 4 Ann Christina W. & Dirk E. Longbrake 1 Marilyn N. Lorton 1 Kathy S Bailey Lother 2 Annette & E. Charles Lowe, Jr. 2 e Charles A. Lowman III 2 Joyce K. Lucht 1 Christine Luehrman 1 Carol M. Vasenko & Bernard J. Lukco, Jr. 1 Sharon Lee Lumadue 5 Paul I. Lumbatis 1 Bonnie L. & Milton Lustnauer 1 Christine & Albert W. Lutterbie, Jr. 2 Calvin Gerald Lyons 1 Sharon L. & James E. Lytle 7 Sandra Maas 6 Sarah J. & Lawrence D. MacAdam 9 Judith A. MacKnight 2 Linda & Robert L. Maher 1 Judith & James W. Mahoney 1 Sandra J. Makoff 3 James Mallory 2 Brenda K. & William E. Mann 1 Colette D. Maple 6 Patricia W. Marcum 1 Kimberly K. Markwood 2 Marilyn A Mars 1 Beverly A. Martin 1 Gerald O. Martin 2 Kelly L. & Scott A. Martin 1 Barbara A Martindale 2 Kelli Highley Marvin 1 Sara M. Mason 1

Martha L. & John R. Mater Sandra A. & Daniel J. Matheny Dale H Mathews Pamela W. & Harold A. Matsanka Mary A. & Robert E. Matson Gary A. Mauller Donna Jane Mautz Aimee Caryn Mavragis Keith D. Maxwell Leonard J. May Virginia W. May Betty J. McBrayer Barbara McCabe Lillian L. McCale Judith J. McCallum Colleen K. & David M. McCann George R. McCaughrean Grace A. McClain Becky McClelland Jennie G. McClendon Joseph Mitchell McCoy Karen S. & Richard J. McCoy Nelson Grant McCray Virginia A McCuen Diana J. McCulley Patricia L. McDermott Betty A. & D. James McDonough Erin E. McElhiney Annette McElroy Mary E. McElroy Anna McFarland Geraldine K. McGill Debra I. & Steven C. McGinnis Talea P McGinnis Hugo R. McGraw Jr. Sheree L Rockwell Mcgraw Martha A. & Edgar R. McGreevy Judith A. McIntire Barbara A. McInturf Dana Ippoliti Donald L. McKendry Ellen C. McKenna Smith Mandy J. McKenzie

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Paul G. McLaughlin Sharon G. McLoughlin Barbara J. McManus Shirley McNair-Robinson Barbara D. Meade Janet F Meadows Sheila R. & Shane Meadows James A. Medved Marilyn Meeks y Mehler Amanda S. Meiser Miriam K. Meltzer Jessica Leigh Mercerhill Steve Meredith Nancy E. & Jeffrey D. Merriman Dina Poling Metzler Karen L Meuller Patricia A. & Kingsley N. Meyer, Jr. Tess & Stephen J. Midkiff Nicholas J. Mihalik Mary A. & Alan A. Miller Donna & Frank P. Miller, Jr. Ruth Ann & James O. Miller, Jr. Jennifer Redman Miller Mary M. & Neil E. Miller Ramona E. Miller Rhonda L. Miller Beth Anne & Richard J. Miller Stuart E Miller Stephanie Ann Mills Philip W Mitchell James Paul Mizik Ruth R. Mohr Dolores L. & Noah Monsour Michael V. Montgomery Laureen R. Mooney Alan E. Moore Amy M. Moore Annie M. & James D. Moore Michael Lewis Moore Virginia Moore Brenda & Stephen E. Morehouse Jacqueline A. & Patrick E. Morey

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Michael I. Morgan Barbara L. & David L. Moritz Mary H. Moritz Fran D. Morris Mabel & James Moy Ayodele A. & Leonard K. Mseka N. Jean & Wilmer Muck Joanne Mudra Joseph H. Mudra George M Mudrie Nicole L. Mueller Elaine M. Mulford Suzanne & Joseph L. Mullenix Sandra & Robert A. Mullin Darla E. Murdock Barbara L Murphy John E. Murphy Margaret R Murphy Cathy M. & John E. Murray Antoinette Louise Musser Nancy J. Musser Carole J Myers Maria Lyn Myers Matthew Shawn Myers Marilyn S. Myton Beverly J Nagy Jeffrey A. Nagy Jean & William C. Nardin Lucille R. Nass Marlene C. Nease Sue A. Neeb Martha & Blaine G. Neilley Audrey J Nelson Carol & Daniel R. Nelson Mary H Nemeth Wanetta B Neuman Jeanne L. & Bob Nevel Susan K. Newberry Julia & Jonathan M. Newcome Jill Newman Sandra P. & Mark S. Newman Ann Louise Nichting Pamela Aldredge Nickell

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DONOR HONOR ROLL Glenn J. Niday Wanda T. Nime Linda H. & Dale F. Nitzsche Kathleen C. Norman Waneta E. Norman John O. Norquest Margaret D. & Ralph D. Norris Nancy J. & Bruce D. Nottke Karen A. & Gustalo Nunez Gregory Brian Oakes Rebecca N. & John A. Oaks Margaret Claire O’Dell Martha H. & Olaf E. O’Dell Frederick Odon Kwabena Dei Ofori-Attah Barbara L Ogilbee Joyce L. Ogilbee Brian C. Oglesbee Kathleen L. Olds Arlene B. & William B. Oley, Jr. Sandra K. Olinick Judith Oliver William D. Olmstead Nancy Olsen Jean Anne O’Malley Carol A. Oney Mary K. & Roger H. Oney Nancy F. Orcutt Kathleen & Dennis O’Rourke Tabitha Nyaboke Otieno Gene R. Overholt Barbara L. Owens Mary Ann Owens Catherine A. & Donald Ozyp Carole E. & Ronald J. Packard, Sr. Robert Dale Painter Patricia Pandak Wendy H. & Michael J. Papa Charlene K. Paquelet Karen Parker Bette & Paul E. Parker Joyce C. Parkhurst Rebecca A. & Gillman Parks


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Manila C. Parks Martha A. Parks Charles L. Parsons Sharon L. & Thomas M. Parsons Eleanor M. Pasek Penelope J Passavant Roger L Patterson Teresa Jane Patterson Jane & Mario J. Pavia Susan & George M. Pavlakos Stephanie A. Pawuk Denise A. Payne Rex Miles Payne Jr. Thomas R. Payton Michael W. Peairs onita E Pegues Ann Therese Basso Pennington Alice J. Penrose Larry Ray Perkins Vera M. Perry Judith P. & Edward E. Perzanowski Niels C. Petersen II Susan Petro Martha E. Pettry F. Jean & Alvin H. Phillips Barbara H. & Ira R. Phillips Kenneth C. Phillips Rene M Phillips David E. Phipps Linda Pickering-Brown Polly H. Piggins Barbara K. & Ronald L. Pinson Marilyn L. Pirozak John W. Plosila Barbara Pocock Kimberly D. Pohl Cheryl D. Pokorny Frank A. Poling Mary E. Potts Jennifer L. & Jeffrey L. Poulton Charlotte S. Powell David R. Powell Julie D. Prekup

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Gloria A. & Walter T. Price 1 Reno A. Principi 13 Sharon G. & Charles W. Pritchard, Jr. 1 Ryan William Quatman 1 Mary C. Quinlan 1 Dianne K. Rabe 1 Karen H. Radecki 1 Marilyn J. & Samuel M. Radel 6 Stephen Marshall Rader 1 Michael Raicevich 2 Priscilla Lilly Ralstin 2 Van A Ramsay 4 Adah W. Randolph 1 Doris E. Rapp 24 Kara E. Rappolt 5 Jack Ray 2 Susan K. & John M. Raymond 1 David Francis Reagan 1 Pamela J Reddick 5 Deborah T. & Thomas H. Redding, Jr. 3 Patricia R. Redmond 5 John Redovian Jr. 1 Donald E. Reed 12 Susan Reeves 8 Sidney Regen 2 Esther Reif 1 Janice E. Stiltner Rennick 3 Virginia J. Repas 4 Linda Marie Reven 2 Suzanne B. Revere 1 Hope C. & David B. Reynolds 5 Debra M. Rhodes 1 Vicki Cochran Rhonemus 1 Kevin S. Rice 1 Judith A. Richards 3 Lynn R. Richards 1 Sara D. & Robert R. Richards, Jr. 5 Elizabeth & Dennis W. Richmond 6 Estalene C. Rickey 1 Jason Mark Riemenschneider 1 Cynthia Harris Rittershofer 1 Linda B. Roalofs 3 Eileen K Robbins 2

Grace E Roberts Kelly A. Robertson Kristan M. Robertson Ronna F. & Jeffrey E. Robinson Betty J. Roby V. Susan Rockwood Rita Rodgers James P. Roe III Susan E. & William Roesch Betty K. & Edward P. Rogers Rachael Jean Romshak-Watson Marian R. & Geoffrey Rosenberg Marsha L. Rosenberg Regina M. Rosier Lynne M Ross George A. Roth June L Roush Lisa L. Ruff Amy Jo Runkle Carol E. Rupert Joan L. & Norman R. Russell Charlene S. Rutherford Carol A Sainey Richard C. Salisbury Alison M. & Robert M. Sampson Marilee & Michael Sand Melva D. & Donald W. Santee Bonnie M. & Lawrence M. Sasaki Linda J. Saul* Barbara R. & Robert Schafer Cornelius C Schaub II Allan H. Schechtman Richard G. Schmidt Shirley E. Schmidt Grace V. Schmittauer Renee D. Schneid Eugene W Schoch Jennifer A Schoessow Ellarose & Danny L. Schrader Susan Warthen Schraff Paulette Schreiner Patricia A. Schuldt Arthur C Schumacher Jr

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Elizabeth J. & James P. Schurrer Penny J. Schuster Amy M. Schwartz Teri S. Schwartz June E. Scott Martha Scott Robert M. Scott Sharon P. Scott Jessica G. & Charles E. Seaman III Linda A. & Raymond Sebastian Janet Via Sellers Barbara L Seman Jennie E. & William D. Senft Joanne & Bert Severance, Jr. Belinda R. Shaeffer Barbara Lynn Shafer Sally J. Shafor Nichol Jocinda Shaner Laura K. Sheets Ann Early Shelton Brenda Lea & Timothy R. Sheridan Grace Daschbach Shields Rebecca S. & Jerry J. Shoemaker Shurl K. Shoemaker Jan E. Sholl Amy M. & John Michael Shreve James Shuki Carol L. Shults Michelle Elizabeth Sidner Olivia Brooke Siegfried Jill L. Simmons Marcella J. Simon Annagene & Merlin A. Simons Doris G. Simonsen Alfred F. Sindone Edith Sirkin Mitchell Craig E. Slack Nancy Nicholson Slaydon Marguerite & Joseph R. Sligo Jodi L. Slonaker Donna L. Smallridge Alfred L. Smith Anne W. Smith George E. Smith Teresa A. & Gregory M. Smith Patricia & John D. Smith Cindy Jo & John David Smith Joyce M. Smith Juanita Smith Linda M. Smith Kelly E. & Matthew A. Smith Stephanie L. & Michael D. Smith Sharon B. & Patrick E. Smith Donna J. & Richard G. Smith Pamela A. & Robert Smith Robert Franklin Smith Roger D. Smith Ruth Alice S. Smith Thomas C. Smith Vicki J Smith Wanda Farrar Smith Mindy J. & Daniel L. Snider Bryan Snipes Roseanne S. Snively Sue E. Snode Donna R. Snyder Robert L. Snyder Sarah A. & Charles M. Solley Marilyn J. Sommerfeld Laura Lea Sowers Catherine Sparks Ruth A Spatar

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John L Spinner Anita T. Spires Elizabeth G. Squillace Karen A. Stacy Lynette M. & Estle S. Stall, Jr. Maren Stanczak Elizabeth A. Stanford Marjorie P. Stang Gwenyth A. Stanton Helen V. Stassfurth Harvey J. Stedman Barbara M Steele Helen D. & James H. Steen Leo D. Steible Jr. Jeanne A. Sternad Margaret R Stevens Marilyn Stevens Richard E. Stevens Rick A. Stevens Beverly J. & Ronald D. Stevens Margo K. Stevenson Christine Bohmer Stewart Virginia E. Stewart Mary Lou Babington Stickney Kathleen M. Stilwell Kathryn E. Stoesser Mary M. Stollar Shelly L. & Vince E. Stollar Sue E. & Daniel Stottmann Marica A. & Jeffrey W. Stout Jack G. Strauss Marilyn Stritzinger Ann E. & Mark Edwin Stuart Carolyn M. Stueve Monica J. Sturm Linda A. Sullivan Bruce L. Summa Joan S. Sutton Yolanda C. & Thomas N. Sutyak Robert C. Swanson Linda K. Switzer Mary Rose Swofford Carrie Anne Szumnarski Michele Tabasso Norma L. & George J. Tassian Jeannine & Charles R. Taylor Dannielle M. & Robert J. Taylor Darlene A Teliga Carla R Terry Karen R Teusink Scott A. Thacker Charles W Thomas Jeanette C. Thomas Theresa Thomas Gayla Lea Thompson Judy Thompson Steven R. Thorndill Scott Williams Thurnau Anna L. Tiedeman Susan Timmermeister Audrey Lynn Timura Doris Tingley Florence E. Tipple Merydeth Tipton Susan Titus Sue Elizabeth Tobin Dewey E. Todd Dorothy J Tomazic Joyce Tomlinson Paul A. Toothman Sherry R. Tracey Mary P Tresch

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Christopher David Tressel Charles M. Trone Deborah Trotter Sarah J. Trout Jennifer M. & David S. Troutman Harriet Tucker Donald Clifford Turner Janis E. & John E. Tysko Carol C. Uhrig Robert R. Underhill Barbara S. Underwood Nancy P. Underwood Melinda S. & Jerry L. Updegraff Valerie D. Valentine Jane N. Van Nostrand Rachel E. & Richard A. Vance Donna M. & M. Daniel Vanderbilt Deborah Vargas Ruth Gribble Varner Donna J. & Clayton T. Vaughan, Jr Mary E. & Steven M. Vaughn John J. Viall Calvin T. Vick Ann M Vidal Marjorie A. Visintainer-Hesketh Thomas M. Vukovic Katherine Louise Waddle Carrie R. Wade Corrine D. & Michael J. Wagner Julie O. & Scott A. Wagner Lloyd Wakefield Donna Jeanne Waker Jane & Charles A. Walker Billie J. & Frank W. Walker Anne A. & George R. Walker Karen Rae Walker Sue A. Wall Jimmy E. Wallace Marlene E. Wallace Cynthia C. & Martin Wallace Casandre M. Walsh Geraldine M. & Charles M. Walters Connie & Bart G. Ward Diane T. Ward Dorothy B. Warne Patricia A. Warner Evelyn A. Watts Pamela K. Weaver Beverly A. Webb Helen M Webb Paula P. Webb Sandra K Weilnau Connie J. Weis Cheryll S. Welch Sandra H. Welch Catherine C. & Richard G. Well Michael K. Welsh Robert A. Wendt Rachel Anne Wentworth Elaine J. & James T. Wetzel Julie E Weyand Cynthia J. White Susan K. & Donald H. White Lawanna S White Michael J. White Ralph Whitman Martha A. & Doyne N. Wiggins Michele J. Wild Kathleen & Joseph M. Wildenthaler Jerry D. Wilkerson Rebecca A. & Douglas F. Wilkins Laura Will Landucci

1 5 2 13 1 1 5 1 3 11 4 3 5 1 5 1 3 1 7 1 2 16 1 1 6 9 1 2 12 1 1 22 2 5 2 2 7 2 12 9 16 1 1 1 1 2 15 2 2 3 2 4 1 1 3 1 1 3 5 1 4 1 1 2 1 3 1 2 5 1 1 18

James D Williams 2 Joan L. Williams 1 Marilyn K. Williams 1 Sharon R. Williamson 1 Mary E Wilson 2 Joann Winegardner 1 Deborah Sue Winter 3 Joseph E. Wisecup 1 Nancy M. & Stephen D. Wiseman 1 Martin H Witthoefft 2 James Joseph Woerner 3 William C. Wolf Jr. 3 Karen M. Wolfe 1 Karen Katterheinrich Wolter 9 Georgia J. Wood 2 Margaret Clagett Wood 1 Thomas Edward Woodall 4 Barbara & Ian C. P. Woodburn 5 Jennifer Grisi Wooding 4 Nathaniel R Woods 2 Carlotta P. & James E. Workman, Jr. 1 Judith A. Wray 1 Gary K Wright 3 Madge E. Wright 1 William S. Wright 12 Vija A. & Alan L. Wurstner 1 Margaret A Wyatt 1 Karen A Poludniak Yanda 1 Janet Yannucci 2 Barbara A. York 3 Barbara S. Young 2 Ila Jean Young 3 ary M. Young 1 Rochelle Young 20 Steven L Young 2 Lori Elise Jacobson Yudovich 1 Vicki J. Yunker 1 Roxann & Thomas Zavodsky 8 Sherry M. & Dennis L. Zeigler 1 Michael Eugene Zeigler 1 Dennis M Zelvis 2 Nicole J. Zettler 2 Jill S. Zimmerman 2 Ervin M Zitlow Jr 1 James R. Zoller 1 Heather A. Zoller-Gritz 2

Corporate & Foundation Donors Athens AM Rotary BCI Laboratory Behavioral Science Associates Inc. Chi Sigma Iota Columbia Music Co-Op Diagnostic Hybrids Inc.* Edler Educational Services Elizabeth Davisson and Abelina Suarez Franklin Templeton Charitable Giving Trust Friends of Suzanne Apple H. Fort Flowers Foundation Inc. Kroger Lowenstein & Associates Louise Hesse Irrevocable Trust Premiere Development Group Rase’s Dance, Flip & Twist Reeds Painting & Apartments Robert J. Dodd, Jr. CO., L.P.A. Sisters of St. Joseph of Wheeling Wagon Wheel Sign & Cabinet Co.

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new scholarships The College of Education is pleased to acknowledge the following scholarships that were established in the time since our last publication.

Irene Bandy-Hedden and Dean Renée A. Middleton congratulate Tara M. Bellman, recipient of the Irene Bandy Award.

The Robert C. and Anna Belle Houck Hartung Scholarship in the College of Education

Dean Renée A. Middleton congratulates Shane C. Shope and John R. Roush, recipients of the Donald M. Knox Endowed Scholarship.

The Madam Christina Amankwah Scholarship The College of Education has a long-standing tradition of international outreach, research and service. Since the 1950s, our College has engaged in partnerships with many African nations, including Botswana, Ghana, Nigeria and South Africa. Through these collaborations, we have welcomed talented international students to the halls of McCracken, some even staying on as faculty members after commencement. As an extension of this legacy, an anonymous donor has established the Madam Christina Amankwah Scholarship in the College of Education. When fully endowed, this scholarship will serve as an invaluable recruitment tool, allowing our College to attract academically gifted, female students with financial need. Eligible candidates should be full-time international women studying at the master’s or doctoral levels. Preference will be given to students whose country of origin is on the continent of Africa. Photos by Katie Tuttle

Established by Robert C. Hartung, B.S.Ed. ’49, the Robert C. and Anna Belle Houck Hartung Scholarship in the College of Education will exist in perpetuity to benefit full-time, degree-seeking undergraduate students in the College of Education. In memory of Anna Belle Houck Hartung, B.S. ’46, this scholarship will provide educational access in Appalachian Ohio. Candidates must have permanent residency in one of the 32 counties of Ohio designated by the state as “Appalachian,” and demonstrate academic talent and unmet financial need. Renewable, the scholarship will grant one award annually until the endowment allows for a full tuition scholarship. Preference will be given to students from the following counties: Athens, Hocking, Meigs, Morgan, Muskingum, Perry, Vinton and Washington.

The Ada Margaret Wilson Saviers Scholarship Fund William P. Saviers, A.B. ’68, has always valued education, a lesson his mother, Ada M. Saviers, instilled in him from an early age. Graduating with a degree in Physical Education from our College in 1935, Ada went on to teach in several Ohio and West Virginia school districts. She left a lasting impression on all of her students over the years, but especially inspired those who were female. Ada served as an example—it was possible not only to attend college, but to graduate and establish a career while caring for a family. In memory of his beloved mother, William established the Ada Margaret Wilson Saviers Scholarship Fund to benefit pre-service teachers. Candidates must be full-time undergraduate students in the Department of Teacher Education, and exhibit academic talent and financial need.



grants received Principal Investigator




Christine Bhat

Services for Opiod Addiction Program Athens-Hocking-Vinton 317 Board at University Medical Associates

Valerie Conley

ACBEP P-16 Data Analysis

Athens-Meigs Educational Service Center

Albert Coté

BEEFS: Building Exemplary Elementary Foundations in Science

Ohio Department of Education


Danielle Dani

Mathematics and Science Coordination Teams (MaSCoT)

Ohio Board of Regents


Thomas Davis

Services for Opiod Addiction Program Athens-Hocking-Vinton 317 Board at University Medical Associates


Tommy Duncan

Statewide Evaluation of MSP Seed Grants for Ohio Department of Education School Year Implementation, phase 2


Carolyn Ervin

Athens-Meigs P-16

Athens-Meigs Educational Service Center


Tutoring Center

Verizon Foundation

Stackables Certifictes — Health Care

Ohio Board of Regents

Gregory Foley

Building the Capacity of Ohio’s High School Mathematics Ohio Department of Education Teachers in Data Analysis, Probability, and Statistics and in Advanced Topics in Geometry

Teresa Franklin

Textbook Affordability Program: A University System of Cleveland State University Ohio Investment in Affordable Learning Materials

Project KNOTiT: Strengthening Systems Capacity Ohio State University Research Foundation $11,586.60 Collaboratively with Kansas, Nevada, Ohio, and Texas

Diane Gut

Mathematics and Science Coordination Teams (MaSCoT)

Ohio Board of Regents


Ayanna Jordan

Upward Bound Program

U.S. Dept. of Education


Summer Food Service Program

Ohio Department of Education

Ralph Martin

Ohio Resource Center - Science Content Committee

Ohio State University Research Foundation

SEOCEMS Noyce Scholarship Program: Phase I

National Science Foundation


Southeast Ohio Center for Excellence in Math and Science

Ohio Board of Regents


Timothy McKeny

Better Mathematics through Literacy — Cambridge

Cambridge City School District

Better Mathematics through Literacy III

Ohio Board of Regents


Renée Middleton

Instructional Data Processing Equipment (Provost)

Ohio Board of Regents


Susan Nolan

Grow Through Summer Athens City

Athens City School District

Better Mathematics through Literacy 2.0

Cambridge City School District


Susan Payne

Better Mathematics through Literacy III

Cambridge City School District


Sharon Reynolds

Athens-Meigs P-16

Athens-Meigs Educational Service Center


Athens-Meigs P-16

Athens-Meigs Educational Service Center


Cambridge City Schools — Better Mathematics through Literacy

Cambridge City School District

Grow Through the Summer: Prevention and Athens City School District Intervention Reading Program


The Literacy Center Program Support

Verizon Foundation


ABLE Transition Collaboratives

Ohio Board of Regents


Central/Southeast Ohio ABLE Resource Center

Ohio Board of Regents


Central/Southeast Ohio ABLE Resource Center

Ohio Department of Education


Linda Rice

Better Mathematics through Literacy III

Ohio Board of Regents


William Smith

Grow Through Summer Athens City

Athens City School District


Joan Waggoner

Martha Holden Jennings Alumni Lecture 2009-2010

Martha Holden Jennings Foundation


$12,000.00 $5,800.00

$25,000.00 $123,824.00 $162,558.00


$23,555.77 $7,000.00





$2,058,554.35 37

In Their Own Words What does being a College of Education Holmes Scholar mean to you?


he Holmes Partnership—a consortium of universities,

Advisor Adah Ward Randolph, Ph.D.

public school districts, teachers associations and local

An associate professor in Educational Studies, Adah Ward Randolph, Ph.D., was a Holmes Scholar from 1993 to 1996 while she earned her doctoral degree at The Ohio State University. Now a Holmes alumna and advisor to the Holmes Scholars at Ohio University, Ward Randolph reflects on what it means to be a Holmes Scholar. “When I think about my experiences as a Holmes Scholar and now as the advisor to the Holmes Scholars at OHIO, one word comes to mind: excellence. I wanted to become an excellent scholar, and now I am preparing new excellent scholars in the field of education. I believe this is the ultimate reward in paying it forward. I know that the opportunities presented to Covia, Debra and Stephanie will permit them to make a difference in the lives of children and adults in their chosen areas of specialization. As these students develop and actualize their dreams, I hope to support them. I also know that they, like me, will continue to hold the improvement of people’s lives at the heart of their efforts. All of the scholars will make OHIO proud—not only of their work, but of the legacy they will develop as graduates of this institution and Holmes Scholars.”

and national organizations—established the Holmes

Scholars Program in 1991. The program provides support and mentoring for talented men and women in the field of education who are underrepresented in leadership positions at educational institutions. The scholars come from graduate schools across the

Photo by rick fatica

nation, including Ohio University’s College of Education.

holmes scholars Stephanie


and I es Scholar, g as a Holm ar ye as a buddin t f rs el fi y prove mys “This is m im n es ca lm I o ow eH learning h volved in th anticipate se people in er dge to iv le d w y o n an k em wealth of a e scholar. Th d vi ro p gram will ionally. Scholar Pro to and profess ly al ic er. I hope em acad ive research ss guide me re g ro y p ecome a back to m er to give I want to b feel vist in ord ti ac e ic eople who st ju y among p it u be a social eq ty ve ro al identi y and imp ses on raci communit ng assion focu p y M issues amo . m ed er self-estee d disempow an g t in p at ce is a fascin t, self-con ales. This m developmen t en sc ic le academ erican ado e taken an African Am , and I hav en m society. g in n u r resiliency ei group of yo th t rence u o olars confe learning ab Holmes Sch interest in t rs ong fi al y m ard to e that goes I look forw atmospher g will n i yi n if m tr ram alu d the elec from prog n in 2010 an ai g ged to I le e vi g ri . I feel p e knowled ed h T at . ci it re h p it w d and ap g, respecte be enrichin ” r. es Schola be a Holm


Photo by Andrew Burkle

Covia Bo


“I am very enthusiasti c about hav chosen as a ing been Holmes Sch o lar. The pro will provid gram e me with networkin opportunit g an d research ies that I o ther wise w or which w o u ld n ot know o ould be ou f t of my reac to represen h. I am exci t the OHIO ted College of among the Education Holmes Sch olars, as w the Holmes el l as to repre Scholar Pro sent gram with I look forw in th e College. ard to atte nding and the Holmes presenting Scholar co at nference, an research p d initiating rojects wit h other O Scholars. U HIO Holm ltimately, I es will gain co I feel will b nnections e even mo that re valuable my formal after I com education.” plete

Photo by emily marcus muldoon

Rayford ged Debra D. lar, I belon olmes Scho

H ts with as named a oral studen “After I w nity of doct u m m etwork n co sive a national to an exten s as well as st re ces and te n in ie arch me, exper ti r ei similar rese th e ar participate willing to sh continue to I . rs of scholars ic to en m to academ al insight as ss inherent ce ro p profession d n io an izat , beliefs nsive social e attitudes in the inte s. ity with th ar ili m institution fa n n o gai her educati ig h culture and in to h it ss w e, acce ics valued oral degre characterist tain a doct b o to as provided h ey s rn portunitie In my jou p o ip ver, h rs to ce. Moreo g and men and guidan rt o networkin p p t su u rvive, b uch needed t only to su me with m ing me no ar p re to be part p l is ip am gratefu I membersh e. e at ri o a gift to m the profess It has been . rs to thrive in la any o h m sc hope that munity of ally, and I n of this com io ful ss g fe in ro n this mea nally and p of sharing e both perso g ta n va ents take ad more stud ience.” ding exper and rewar Photo by emily marcus muldoon



Professional Development School Partnerships


ithout a doubt, professionals in today’s economy often need a competitive edge to land a job. To provide students with that edge, Ohio University’s College of Education takes great strides to ensure that students have as much classroom experience as possible. The Center for Professional Development School (PDS) Partnerships offers education students the chance to plan, teach, assess and differentiate instruction in a local classroom before they begin their mandatory professional internship (formerly referred to as student teaching). Each school/university partnership follows a unique model, focusing on different principles of learning and education reform. “PDS Partnership students have an ongoing relationship with the schools, including the teachers and administration,” said Marcy Keifer Kennedy, director of the Center for PDS Partnerships. The Center currently monitors ten active school partnerships. A Partnership focused on Special Education with the Alexander Local School District was added for the first time last year, and this year, the College saw the addition of Partnerships at Logan-Hocking Middle School and Southern Local. This was a great accomplishment for the College, as it made it possible for all students majoring in middle and early childhood to participate in PDS Partnerships.

Jenny’s experience

In the fall of 2006, early childhood major Jenny Troutman gained experience in both a first and third grade classroom at East Elementary in Athens, Ohio, as a PDS Partnership student. Troutman watched her students evolve each week. She learned how to interact with parents, gained experience through planning and teaching lessons, and worked on building relationships with other staff members. “They can’t teach this in a classroom setting,” she said. During the 2008-09 school year, Troutman became a Teaching Fellow at Chauncey Elementary. Teaching Fellows are licensed teachers who are placed in PDS Partnership classrooms to job-share the responsibilities of the


classroom’s teacher. Troutman spent half of the school year teaching while simultaneously pursuing her master’s degree from the College of Education. Troutman currently teaches third grade in the Groveport Madison school district, near Columbus, Ohio, and said that her experiences definitely helped her land a job. “Going to an administrator with all of my experience was very helpful and I definitely stood out among the other applicants,” Troutman said. “In a tough job market, more experience will enable you to succeed.”

Benefitting local schools

Not only are PDS Partnerships beneficial to COE students, they are also very helpful to the schools and classrooms where the students are placed. Currently, Logan Hocking Middle School is in its first year as a PDS Partnership School. Principal Myles Kiphen said the school’s Partnership students are working with teachers to improve language arts scores. “It’s great having fresh faces and fresh ideas,” Kiphen said. Kiphen shared that the Partnership has allowed one-on-one tutoring and small group work for students. It has also allowed teachers to provide extra support for their students. Partnership students are involved in numerous reforms and cutting-edge programs that benefit the schools they are working in. With the Response to Intervention program at West Elementary, for example, Partnership students help to identify kindergarteners who are having difficulties learning to read. “Partnership students are able to work one-on-one with students and provide small group attention that would not be possible otherwise,” said West Elementary principal Joan Linscott. Partnerships also give teachers a chance to continue their learning. According to Linscott, “teachers refine their skills and become self-reflective” as a result of working with a Partnership student in their classroom. Linscott has hired many teachers that are former Partnership and Teaching Fellow participants. She believes they are excellent teachers, and said that former Partnership students have an edge in the interview process; they are able to “draw on quite a breadth of experience,” she said.

Noyce Scholarship supports Appalachian education By Ashley Showen, a junior in the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism

PDS Partnerships offer students “the edge” By Annette Crowell, a junior in Ohio University’s College of Education Photos by marcy keifer kennedy (left); Chris Kennedy (right)

I am currently participating in the PDS Partnership at The Plains Elementary, in both kindergarten and second grade classrooms. Even though my Partnership has only just begun, I am already beginning to see the impact this experience will have on my teaching career. All of the methods and lessons that my professors have taught me in the College are coming to life before my eyes. I’m not reading about how the Responsive Classroom Approach works, I am seeing it function and create a caring community of learners. Instead of discussing current social studies methods, I am implementing them into my own classrooms with real students. Through the time I have spent in the classroom, I can feel myself becoming more confident in teaching situations. I have learned that teachers must always be flexible. I have gained valuable experience utilizing behavior management skills and techniques that I could never have learned about through reading a book. Next year, when I start my professional internship, I feel confident I will be more Annette Crowell successful as a result of my experience in Partnership classrooms. In June 2011, I will graduate from OHIO’s COE. I know that I will leave prepared to teach in the most appropriate and effective way that was first taught to me by my professors, then modeled to me by my PDS Partnership cooperating teachers, which I will finally practice during my professional internship. I feel confident that the College of Education and my PDS Partnership experience provided me with “the edge” that I need to secure a job in today’s market.

Photo by Andrew Burkle

Annette’s Story (the author)

Photo by Julia VanWagenen


hough he already has a bachelor’s degree in Information Systems, Ohio University student Micah Freeman has returned to school for a second one—this time to study Mathematics Education. “Teaching brings me fulfillment in a way that no other job ever has,” he said. Freeman’s passion hasn’t gone unnoticed. Earlier this academic year, the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program selected Freeman as a scholarship recipient. The award entitles him to two years of scholarship support of $17,000 per year. Freeman was honored to receive the award and plans to use his education to reach Appalachian youth. “This is where I live, and this is where I want to stay. I love the rural life, the natural beauty of the area and the qualities of the people who live here. The scholarship is an opportunity to further my goal of teaching here,” Freeman said. One of seven regional students chosen for this prestigious national award, Freeman will teach mathematics or science for two years in a high-need, Appalachian school for each year of accepted funds. Before returning to school, Freeman—a native of Northeast Ohio— worked as a computer programmer at Ernst & Young. He and his wife moved to the Hocking Hills in 1997, Micah Freeman and took ownership of a local cabin rental company, Thunder Ridge Cabins B&B. Freeman taught outdoor education for Big Brothers Big Sisters in Columbus and has worked as a substitute teacher in the Logan-Hocking School District for six years. After realizing his passion for teaching, Freeman decided to return to school. In the future, Freeman plans to teach computer programming and calculus at the high school level in Southeast Ohio. One of his main objectives is to prepare students for higher education. But for now, Freeman will continue to focus on his own education. “My future is directly tied to my students’ futures,” he said. The scholarship is named for Robert Noyce, Ph.D., who invented the integrated circuit computer chip in 1959. Noyce’s invention led to the development of microprocessors in today’s computers. The National Science Foundation supports the Noyce scholarship, and the Southeast Ohio Center for Excellence in Mathematics and Science (SEOCEMS) administers it. SEOCEMS Coordinator Al Coté, along with Co-Directors Jeff Connor, chairman of OHIO’s Department of Mathematics, and Ralph Martin, professor in the Department of Teacher Education, helped acquire funds for the scholarship. Other faculty members involved include Danielle Dani and Tim McKeny, both assistant professors in Teacher Education. This is the first year the scholarship was offered to area students. SEOCEMS plans to award more than 30 additional Noyce scholarships over the next three years.


A lways

C ollege of E ducatio n graduate remi n isces about time as student, board chair at Ohio University Story by

Interview by

R. Devin Hughes Rachel Acker man COE Cutler Scholar

Photos by Peter larson

E . W. S c r i p p s j u n i o r


o stranger to Athens, C. Daniel DeLawder received his B.S. in Business Education at Ohio University in 1971. Twenty nine years later, he returned to Athens as a member of the Ohio University Board of Trustees, and last year completed a nine-year term, the last two of which he served as Chair.

DeLawder serves as Chief Executive Officer of Park National Bank in Newark, Ohio. He holds his alma mater close to his heart and remembers his time as a student vividly, playing on the college handball championship team and on intramural basketball and football teams. Like countless past and present OHIO students, DeLawder sled down Jefferson Hill on trays from the dining hall. He worked as an usher at Memorial Auditorium, which showed movies for a nickel three nights a week, and he saw Diana Ross and the Supremes perform at the Convocation Center. “Good times...just great, great times,” DeLawder said.


However, aside from all the fun he had at OHIO, DeLawder credits the school with instilling in him the work ethic that made him so successful today. “I learned how to learn,” DeLawder said. “I didn’t have to work very hard in high school, but in college I had to study. I don’t know about others, but I sure had to. And so I grew an appreciation for doing the work necessary to learn. It’s worked for me ever since.” DeLawder came from a small high school, which gave him a chance to know his teachers and coaches well. Upon learning that his high school math teacher was a graduate of OHIO’s College of Education, DeLawder decided to apply to the school himself. He majored in Business Education and nearly completed a minor in Mathematics. The wonderful memories DeLawder has of OHIO made it easy for him to accept a position on the Board of Trustees. “When I had the chance to serve, it brought back all those memories I had,” DeLawder said. “This university is very, very special.” During OHIO’s Bicentennial Campaign, he served as Chair of the College of Education Advancement Board, where he made it his mission to push the importance of alumni philanthropy. DeLawder hopes to see more alumni giving in the future. “I’m hoping we have helped establish a culture of giving,” DeLawder said. “It is critical to better communicate with alumni of the college, to help alumni understand what the mission of the college is and why it’s so relevant today.” Serving on Ohio University’s Board of Trustees gave DeLawder an opportunity to see how the University had changed. Years later, OHIO still impresses him. “The caliber of students today is better than ever,” DeLawder said. “I’m so proud of the student body. Last year we had more nationally recognized students than any other university in Ohio. It’s incredible.” But OHIO’s students aren’t the only aspect of the school that continues to impress DeLawder. He calls President Roderick McDavis one of the most inspiring people he has ever met. “President McDavis is a tireless worker,” DeLawder said. “I’ve seen him interact with people from all walks of life. He’s a great man, committed to students, faculty, staff, and the mission of OHIO.” DeLawder recently met with a group of College of Education students to talk about his time at OHIO, both as a student and board member. Despite his busy schedule, DeLawder was happy to sit down and answer the questions asked by the lead interviewer, current education major and Cutler Scholar, Rachel Ackerman. Ackerman called DeLawder very “open and down-toearth.” She said, “His life stories and memories of OHIO were not only humorous but also inspiring and telling of the hard work he has put in. Dan was not afraid to elaborate and added an intriguing component to even the most basic questions.” DeLawder entered the College of Education in 1967 thinking he would become a history teacher. Instead, he became a banker after dating an employee of a bank manager. When DeLawder told the man that he was having trouble finding a teaching job mid-school year, the man offered DeLawder a position at the bank. “I got the job but married a different girl, now my wife of 32+ years!” DeLawder said. This unusual path following graduation showed Ackerman and the other students to whom DeLawder was speaking that their lives could take a variety of paths after receiving their degrees from the COE. “I learned from Dan not to be single minded when it comes to my degree and my future career because there are plenty of non-traditional opportunities to be found in unexpected ways,” Ackerman said. DeLawder said he hopes to continue to be closely involved with the university and that he will always be proud to be a Bobcat.

Society of

Helping educators connect with former classmates and future colleagues By Allison Hartman, a sophomore in the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism

The Society of Alumni and Friends (SAF) is an organization that aids, assists and promotes OHIO’s College of Education. Membership in the Society is open to all alumni and friends of the College of Education. In order to support the goals of the College, members of SAF promote and facilitate the active involvement of alumni and friends through professional networking, volunteer service and/or financial contributions. What does being an SAF Member mean? As graduates who have been immersed in the world of education, SAF members offer unique advice to education students. While assistance to students and other alumni is always encouraged on a personal level, the organization upholds certain yearly responsibilities. The society meets on Ohio University’s campus, in McCracken Hall, two to three times annually as a governing board to discuss ideas and goals. These meetings allow members to learn about what is happening within the College and to reconnect with campus life. In addition, it provides an opportunity to expand and re-examine volunteer options. The SAF board currently sponsors two conferences, one held each fall and one in the spring, to support current students in their understanding of the profession. The conferences are held to help students transition between life as a student and as a professional. At each conference, panels of board members and alumni lead a variety of sessions, offering information and practical advice. For example, the panels tend to put a large focus on aspects of the job search, including résumé and portfolio suggestions, as well as interview techniques and tips. Beyond the conference, SAF members stay dedicated to the

Society of Alumni and Friends Executive Board 2008-09 President Jacque Montgomery Immediate Past President Chris Hayward Secretary Betsy Anderson

Photos by Julia VanWagenen

Alumni and Friends

The most important trait of an SAF member is a vested interest in education and the lifelong learning of professionals from OHIO’s College of Education. College of Education by collaborating with other alumni on various projects. SAF also plays an important role in the recruitment process by encouraging high school students in their communities to consider attending Ohio University’s College of Education. How can I get involved? The Society of Alumni and Friends is always looking for new members to join, whether longtime alumni, recent graduates or friends of the College. Get involved by: • Demonstrating an interest in the College of Education through volunteer services and recruitment • Making a contribution to the Society of Alumni and Friends Endowment • Becoming a member of the Society To join the Society of Alumni and Friends or to learn more about the organization, submit your résumé to Jacque Montgomery, SAF’s President, via Dean Middleton’s office: Ohio University College of Education Office of the Dean McCracken Hall 133 Athens, Ohio 45701

The Society of Alumni and Friends is a part of the Ohio University Alumni Association. Its purpose in short: to promote the mission of the College of Education and facilitate the active involvement of College alumni and friends.

Jacque Montgomery


College of Education


Office of the Dean McCracken Hall 133 Athens OH 45701


OHIO College of Education students get ready to welcome future educators to the academy at the 2009 COE Convocation and Welcome. Photo by Julia VanWagenen

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