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‫ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﻤﻘﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ‬

‫ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ‪٢٠١٠‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ‪٢٠١٠ issue‬؟‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤‬‬

‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺍً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٤‬‬

‫ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ‪SFlb‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٨‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪٣‬‬

‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬


‫ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ‬

‫ﻣﺠﻠﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺰﺍﺅﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍء‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﺒﺎً ﺑﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ‪ ،Illuminea‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺠﻠﺔ ﺗﺼﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ )‪ (OUP‬ﻷﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺠﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺬ ﺑﻀﻌﺔ ﺷﻬﻮﺭ ﻃﻠﺒﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻜﻢ ﻗﺮﺍءﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺋﻜﻢ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻷﻣﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻵﺭﺍء ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻨﺸﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،Illuminea ،‬ﺗﻬﺪﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺑﻘﺎﺋﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺑﺎﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪.OUP‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ‪ Illuminea‬ﻻ ﺗﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻘﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ "ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ" ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻀﻢ ﺧﺒﺮﺍً ﺃﻭ ﻟﻤﺤﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ،ARROW‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎً ﻣﺒﺘﻜﺮﺍً ﺳﻴﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎ )‪.(Europeana‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺘﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻨﺼﺪﺭﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً‪" ،‬ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ"‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﺘﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻹﺧﺒﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺋﻜﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻨﺎ‪ .‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺇﺧﺒﺎﺭﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺂﺭﺍﺋﻜﻢ ﻭﺇﻋﻼﻣﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻗﺘﺮﺍﺣﺎﺕ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ "ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ"‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ‪.lizzie.shannonlittle@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻤﻨﻰ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻗﺮﺍءﺓ ﻣﻤﺘﻌﺔ!‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻣﺠﻠﺔ ‪Illuminea‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻟﻴﺴﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﻛﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﻭﺑﻴﻜﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭﺩ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍ ﻫﻴﺮﻛﻮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺗﺮﻳﺸﻴﺎ ﻫﺪﺳﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﺮﺳﺘﻲ ﻻﻑ‬ ‫)ﻣﺤﺮﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﻟﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﻳﻨﺠﺰ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﺰﻱ ﺷﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪-‬ﻟﻴﺘﻞ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﻭﻟﺘﺶ‪ ،‬ﺃﻓﻴﻔﺎ ﻭﻳﻨﺸﺘﺎﻳﻦ‬

‫‪٢‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻹﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺛﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ؟‬

‫ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻗﻴّﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺮﻁ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﻛﺎﺳﺒﺮ ً‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻼ‪ ،‬ﺗﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻷﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﻭﻛﻔﺎءﺓ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬

‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﻫﻲ ﺣﺼﻴﻠﺔ ‪ ١٨‬ﺷﻬﺮﺍً ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﺛﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃُﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ‪ :‬ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻭﺿﺢ ﺩﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﻓﻮﺭﺳﻴﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻧﺒﺮﺍﺳﻜﺎ‪-‬ﻟﻨﻜﻮﻟﻦ‪" ،‬ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻲ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ ‪ -‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻐﺮﻕ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻢ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻓﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﻥ‪ ".‬ﻭﺣﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺗﻔﻜﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﻠﻴﺎً‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺪﻭﻩ ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺎً‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻲ ﻣﺤﺼﻨﺎً‬ ‫ﺿﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸﻬﺪﻩ ﻓﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻗﻄﺎﻉ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎً؟‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺸﻬﺪﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻭﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻣﻔﺮﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﻠﻨﺎ ﻳﻐﺮﻕ ﻓﻰ ﺑﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺻﻌﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻪ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻲ )‪ (Google Scholar‬ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫"‪)“sleep and autistic children‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻡ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﻤﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﺪ( ﻋﻦ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ‪ ١٩٫٣٠٠‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ )‪( WorldCat search‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ "‪) "cybercrime‬ﺍﻟﺠﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ( ﻇﻬﺮﺕ‬ ‫‪٢٫٨٠٠‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ ،L"Année philologique‬ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪ ٢٨٠٠‬ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻹﻏﺮﻳﻘﻲ‬ ‫‪) Callimachus‬ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻤﺎﺧﻮﺱ(‪ .‬ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺼﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺸﺄﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻫﻨﺎ؛ ﻓﻬﻲ ﻻ ﺗﺨﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎً ﻣﻊ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻﻳﻮﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺃﻣﺎ ﻻ‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪءﺍً ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﺎﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺛﻢ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻻ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﺍً‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍﻹﻏﺮﻳﻘﻲ ‪Callimachus‬‬ ‫)ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻤﺎﺧﻮﺱ( ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺳﻔﺮ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٢٫٨٠٠‬ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻈﻢ ﻓﻲ ‪L"Année philologique‬‬ ‫ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺩﺧﺎﻻﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪،(OBO‬‬‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻣﺮﺗﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻋﺮ )ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻭﺷﺮﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺳﻨﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫"‪ "English Translations‬ﻭ"‪ "Hymns: Scholarship‬ﻭ"‪،"Use of Earlier Greek Poetry‬‬ ‫ﻭ"‪ "Relations with Contemporary Poets‬ﻭ"‪ ."Reception at Rome‬ﻭﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﺮﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺇﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﺎﺟﻮﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺍء ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺒﺮ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺳﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻫﻠﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺤﺜﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺎﺓ ﻭﻣﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ‬‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻟﻤﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻱ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OBO‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺳﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻻﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﻓﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺗﺰﻭﺩﻙ ﺑﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﺑﻘﻮﺍﺋﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻳﺰﻭﺩﻙ ﺑﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻧﺼﻴﺔ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬

‫ﻛﺎﺳﺒﺮ ﺟﺮﺍﺛﻮﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺋﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‬

‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OBO‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻠﺒﻲ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﺎﺋﻘﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻛﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻹﺩﺧﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﺑﺪء‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﺤﺜﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻧﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OBO‬ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺧﺒﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﺘﺎء‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﻌﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ )‪ (OBO‬ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻓﻰ ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﻣﺘﻀﻤﻨﺎً ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻧﻤﻄﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺳﻴﻜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺠﺮﻳﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OBO‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻨﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪:‬‬ ‫‪onlinemarketing@oup.com‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ ‪obomarketing@oup.com‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫‪٣‬‬


‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺍً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻝ‬

‫ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻛﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺘﻴﺐ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺟﻲ ﻭﻛﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﺠﺮ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ،iTunes‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺧﻄﻂ ﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﺮ ‪Ovi‬‬

‫‪-Oncology since‬‬ ‫‪1997‬‬

‫‪NEURO-ONCOLOGY‬‬ ‫• ‪Volume 12‬‬ ‫‪Issue 1 • Januar‬‬ ‫‪y 2010‬‬

‫‪Journal of‬‬

‫‪European Competition‬‬ ‫‪Law & Practice‬‬ ‫‪Volume 12‬‬

‫‪volume 1 s number 1 s 2010‬‬ ‫‪Issue 1‬‬

‫‪www.jeclap.oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫‪Chromosome 9p‬‬ ‫‪and‬‬ ‫‪losses predict unfav 10q‬‬ ‫‪low-grade gliom orable outcome in‬‬ ‫• ‪as‬‬

‫‪1–56‬‬

‫‪• page 35‬‬

‫‪MGMT protein‬‬ ‫‪expres‬‬ ‫‪cells predicts outco sion in tumor‬‬ ‫‪me of‬‬ ‫‪temozolomide‬‬ ‫‪therap‬‬ ‫‪glioblastoma patien y in‬‬ ‫‪ts • page 42‬‬

‫•‬

‫‪Genome-wide‬‬ ‫‪profili‬‬ ‫‪nucleotide polym ng using single‬‬ ‫‪orphism arrays‬‬ ‫‪identifies novel‬‬ ‫‪chrom‬‬ ‫‪imbalances in pediat osomal‬‬ ‫‪ric glioma • page‬‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫‪Timing of crania‬‬ ‫‪l irradiation in‬‬ ‫‪elderly‬‬ ‫‪patients with newly‬‬ ‫‪glioblastoma multif diagnosed‬‬ ‫‪orme‬‬

‫‪JANUARY 2010‬‬

‫•‬

‫‪Autophagy induce‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪is associated with by valproic acid‬‬ ‫‪oxidative stress‬‬ ‫‪in glioma cell lines‬‬ ‫‪• page 4‬‬

‫‪Extradition for cartel offences‬‬ ‫‪Rebates under Article 82‬‬ ‫‪The economics behind bank rescue‬‬ ‫‪Mergers review‬‬

‫‪page 51‬‬

‫‪Antitrust enforcement priorities under the Obama administration‬‬ ‫‪Energy sector review‬‬

‫‪neuro-on‬‬ ‫‪c o l o g y. o‬‬ ‫‪xfordjou‬‬ ‫‪rnals.org‬‬ ‫‪Online ISSN: 1523-5‬‬ ‫‪866 Print ISSN:‬‬ ‫‪1522-8517‬‬

‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﺸﺮﻛﺎﺋﻨﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ّ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﻤﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻟﻘﺎء ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﺸﺮﺍﻓﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ‬

‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ‪) HighWire Press‬ﺷﺮﻳﻜﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ( ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺼﺔ "‪ "H2O‬ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﻣﻨﺼﺔ ﻧﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ .XML‬ﻭﻟﻦ ﻳﻠﺤﻆ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ ﺳﻴﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻭﻣﺮﻭﻧﺘﻪ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻟﻠﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩﺍً ﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎً ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ‪ COUNTER 3‬ﻭ‪.SUSHI‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺒﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺪﻭﻡ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺠﺪ ﻟﺘﻘﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻛﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻫﻢ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎً‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻞ‪ .‬ﻓﻠﻦ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺃﻱ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﻤﻐﺎﺩﺭﺓ "ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ" ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺳﺘﻨﻀﻢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺘﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻮﻛﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻌﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺒﻲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﺍﻋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻄﺮﺃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺘﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻨﺎ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻴﺮﺍً‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺁﺧﺮﺍً‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺒﻨﺎء ﺷﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﺬﺍ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎءﺓ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎً ﻧﻤﻀﻲ ﻗﺪﻣﺎً ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺻﻌﺒﺔ ﻭﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺆﻛﺪﺓ ﺑﻼ ﺷﻚ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺴﻌﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﺣﺎﻃﺘﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻤﺎً ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻱ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺳﻌﺮ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻧﺴﺦ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ ٢٠٠٩‬ﻭ‪ ٢٠١٠‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻏﻠﺐ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﻟﻨﺠﻌﻞ ﺳﻌﺮ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺮ "ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ" ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺩﻧﻰ ﺣﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ‪www.oxfordjournals.org/librarians‬‬

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‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﻋﻴﻮﺏ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻓﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻞ ﻭﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻭﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ّ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺰ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‪.‬‬

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‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫‪٢٠١٠‬؟‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﻮﺟﺰ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬

‫‪Society for Neuro‬‬

‫‪Official Journa‬‬ ‫‪l of the‬‬

‫‪GY‬‬

‫ﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ ،‬ﺃﻋﻠﻨﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ‪Apple‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً ﻋﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺰﻳﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺘﺠﺮ ‪iTunes‬‬ ‫ﻗﺪ ﺗﺨﻄﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻴﺎﺭﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻭﺻﻞ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪) ٨٥,٠٠٠‬ﻭﻟﻤﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ‪" ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ" ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺗﻔﻚ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻱ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺁﺧﺮ(‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﻵﻻﻑ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺇﺗﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﺮﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﺰﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ‪ iPhones‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﻌﺔ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺻﺪﺍﺭﺓ ﺃﻱ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﻮﺍﺗﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺜﺐ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺪﻑ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻱ ﻓﺮﺹ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

‫‪NEURO-ONCOLO‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺼﻞ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﺗﻔﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻤﻮﻟﺔ ﺛﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﺭﻋﻨﺎ ﺑﺬﻭﺭ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ ﻣﻊ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺠﺮ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ‪ iTunes‬ﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ‪ iPhone‬ﻭ‪ iPod‬ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻤﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻣﻊ ﺗﺮﺍﺧﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻋﺒﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻣﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺪﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻀﺎﻫﻲ ﻧﺠﺎﺡ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ‪ Apple‬ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺧﺒﺮﺓ ﻣﻤﺎﺛﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻼء‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺋﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﻘﺘﺮﺣﺎﺕ ﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻲ ﻟـﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻗﺎﻣﺔ‬

‫ﺳﺘﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺃﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﺯﻳﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻤﺜﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻐﻴﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺑﻴﺞ ﺁﺑﻞ" ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺁﻻﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﺮﺍﻭﺡ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻧﻐﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﻳﻐﻠﻔﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺣﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺠﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ "ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺡ ﻟﻤﻮﻇﻔﻲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ّ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺇﺧﺒﺎﺭﻧﺎ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻔﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ!"‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﻳﺤﻘﻖ "ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ"‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ‪ ،‬ﺗﻢ ﻋﻘﺪ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ "ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ‪ -‬ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ؟"‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻫﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﺎﻧﻮﺭ ﻛﻮﻙ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ( ﻭﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭﺩ ﺃﻭﺑﺎﻳﺮﻥ )ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ( ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻞ ﺳﻴﻠﺪﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺟﻮﻡ ﻻﻣﻮﺭﻭﻩ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﻛﺎﺭﻭﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ( ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺑﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺧﻴﺺ‬ ‫))‪ (ONIX-PL‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ )‪ (DRM‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺗﻔﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ‪ً ،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻘﻴﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﺈﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﻌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺻﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﺖ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ "ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ"‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻴﻢ ﻣﺎﻭ‬ ‫)ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺷﻴﻜﺎﻏﻮ( ﻭﻧﺎﺭﺩﺍ ﺗﺎﻓﻮﺭﻱ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺳﻜﺮﺍﻧﺘﻮﻥ(‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻟﻘﺎء ﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺧﺒﺮﺗﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ "ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ"‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎﺗﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻭﺍﺳﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻼ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﻗﺪ ﺗﺒﻨﻮﺍ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺭﺍﺋﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻤﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﺪ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺫﻭﺭﺗﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ّ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﺰﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺷﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺛﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺥ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻋﻦ "ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ" ﻭﺗﺪﺍﻋﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺷﺘﺮﺍﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃُﺛﻴﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﻓﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﺧﻠﺼﺖ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺵ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺪﺍﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺄﺳﺎﺱ ﻟﻠﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ ﺑﻨﻘﺺ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻮﻟﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴﺎً‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺭﻛﺰﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﻴﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻊ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺟﻤﺔ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻙ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﺕ ﻣﻴﺮﺩﻭﻙ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬

‫ﺗﻴﻠﻮﺭ ﺳﺘﺎﻧﺞ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺼﺎﺋﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﺟﻬﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻧﺞ( ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻳﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﺼﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤﻴﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﻟﻴﻔﻴﻦ‪-‬ﻛﻼﺭﻙ )ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺩﻧﻔﺮ( ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺭﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺭﻏﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻭﻧﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ )ﻣﺜﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ (ILL‬ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺗﺎﺣﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﺻﺮﻳﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺟﻲ ‪Patron-Driven Acquisition‬‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍء ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻓﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻞ( ﻭ‪Print-on-Demand‬‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ( ﻷﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﺍﺗﻬﻢ ﻭﺗﺠﺎﺭﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻮﺟﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺷﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻬﺎ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻡ ﻃﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‪ .‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺟﻬﻮﺩﺍً ﺗُﺒﺬﻝ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺃﻋﻀﺎء ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫)‪ ،(LAG‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺣﻈﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﻴﻦ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺃﻭﻟﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻟﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﻭﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻗﺎﺩﻣﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫‪٥‬‬


‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻘﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OLDO‬ﻣﻴﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻚ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ARROW‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﺮﺍﻗﺐ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﺘﻄﻮﺭ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻀﻤﻦ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺟﻨﺒﺎً ﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﻨﺐ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﻄﻮﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﻣﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫"‪ ،"Oxford Language Web‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ ،(OLDO‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺑﺤﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺃﻋﻤﻖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OLDO‬ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻌﺪﺓ ﻟﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ ﺃﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺤﺪﺛﺖ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﻳﺰﺍ ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺎﻟﻲ ﺗﺸﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻟﻨﺪﺍ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺖ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺪﻋﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﻴﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ‬

‫ﺃﺗﺎﺣﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻨﺔ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻧﺴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﻭﺭﺧﻴﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻤﺜﻞ ﺣﻠﻤﺎً ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮﺓ ﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﺭﻗﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻮﺫﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻫﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺍء ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪.‬‬

‫ﺛﻘﺐ ﺃﺳﻮﺩ ﺭﻗﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺧﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻒ )ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻨﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺡ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺳﺒﻌﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺎً ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ(‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻋﻘﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻔﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺧﻄﺮ "ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ" ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻞ ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﺎﺣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻃﻤﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ARROW‬‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‪ .‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺧﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻒ )ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻨﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﺳﺒﻌﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﺎً ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ(‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻋﻘﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺧﻄﺮ "ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺐ ﺍﻷﺳﻮﺩ" ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻞ ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﺎﺣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪.‬‬

‫‪٦‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ARROW‬ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﺻﻠﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺯﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺘﻴﺔ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻟﻴﻒ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﻟﺘﻴﺴﻴﺮ ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺘﻜﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﻞ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻮﻳﺰﺍ ﺇﺩﺍﻭﺭﺩﺯ ً‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻻﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻬﻮﻟﻨﺪﺍ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺘﺮﺃﺱ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻲ ﻟﻠﺨﺪﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺜﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺳﺎﻟﻲ ﺷﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭ‬

‫ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ "‪ "Oxford Language Web‬ﻣﻴﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﻟﻚ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫"‪" beautiful‬ﺟﻤﻴﻞ" ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﺗﺮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺭ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺛﻨﺘﻰ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻹﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺗﻐﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻨﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺭﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻳﻼﻧﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﺫﺍﺗﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺴﺎءﻝ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﺴﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‪ !漂亮的 :‬ﻭﻟﻼﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻳﺔ ﻟﻐﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﻓﻮﺭﻱ ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ٧٥٠٠‬ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﺘﺮﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﺑﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺮﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻮﺳﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬

‫ﻭﺗﺮﻣﺰ ‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺪﻋﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﺑﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫"‪ - "Europeana‬ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺱ ﺑﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺑﺪء ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺧﺮﻳﻒ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٨‬ﻭﺳﻴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﻣﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ .٢٠١١‬ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻤﻮﻳﻠﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫‪ eContentplus programme‬ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻮﺿﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﻌﻰ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺭﻗﻤﻲ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺗﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫)‪ (OLDO‬ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻠﺖ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻓﺴﻮﻑ ﺗُﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻚ ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎً‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﺭﺑﺖ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ ARROW‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻋﻘﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺃﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺟﺢ ﺳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻭﻓﺮﻧﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻟﻤﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺃﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺮﻭﻳﺞ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺃﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﺮﺣﺖ ﻟﻮﻳﺰﺍ ﺇﺩﻭﺍﺭﺩﺯ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﻭﺭﺍء ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫‪ ARROW‬ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺈﺧﻼﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﺗﻀﻤﺖ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻊ ﻧﺎﺷﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪".‬‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺇﻋﻼﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﺪﺛﺔ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ‪ARROW‬‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮﻛﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺴﺎﻟﻲ ﺗﺸﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.sally.chambers@kb.nl‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ‪ :‬ﻟﻨﺪﺍ ﺑﻴﻨﻴﺖ )‪(linda@goldleaf.co.uk‬‬ ‫ﻫﻲ ﻣﺆﺳﺲ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺟﻮﻟﺪ ﻟﻴﻒ "‪ ،"Gold Leaf‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻮﺙ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺮﺃﺳﺖ ﻋﺪﺩﺍً ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻀﺨﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺃﻭﻛﺴﻔﻮﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ "‪ "Oxford Language Web‬ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎﻧﺎً ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻴﺲ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪(OLDO‬؛ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ‪www.‬‬ ‫‪.oxfordlanguagedictionaries.com‬‬

‫ﻣﺎ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٣٠٠٠‬ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﻣﺘﻀﻤﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪(OSO‬‬

‫ﻭ‬

‫ﻗﺪ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٩‬ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ٣٠٠٠‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻤﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺘﺒﺎﺩﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OSO‬ﺗﺰﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍء ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻮﺭﺓ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎً‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﺎﺕ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎً ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺟﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻳﻨﻤﺎ ﻭُﺟﺪﻭﺍ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٣‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻢ ﺇﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ )‪ (OSO‬ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺠﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻣﺪﻯ ﻭﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﺸﺠﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺢ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺰﻳﺎء‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻗﺼﻴﺮﺓ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻘﺔ ﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٩‬ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﺈﻃﻼﻕ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﺑﺌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺳﺮﻱ ﻛﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻈﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﻣﻮﺛﻮﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮﺓ ﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺷﻬﺪ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٩‬ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٧٥٠‬ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎً ‪ -‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺧﺬﺕ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ‪ ٣٠٠٠‬ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫‪www.oxfordscholarship.com‬‬

‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٣‬ﻣﻦ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﺠﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎً ﻭﻫﻲ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٧‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﺖ‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

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‫ﻧﻈﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬

‫–‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ‬

‫ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻛﻢ ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﻴﻦ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻤﻘﻴّﻤﻴﻦ ﻟﻠﺠﻮﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺇﻧﻜﻢ ﺗﺤﺎﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﻧﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﻗﻴﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺪﺗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﻊ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺊ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﻈﻴﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﺪ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﻲ "ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ" ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻴﻜﻤﻞ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ‬

‫ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺰءﺍً ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ "ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ"‪.‬‬

‫)ﺍﻧﻈﺮ‪.(www.uksg.org/usagefactors‬‬

‫ﺭﻳﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺟﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫ﻟﺘﺒﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪﻙ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻘﺮﺃﻩ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻴﺎً ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺎﺵ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬

‫ﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺳﺮﻳﻌﺎً ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ‪ ،‬ﻧﺠﺤﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻗﻨﺎﻉ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬

‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺃﻥ "ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻴﺮﺓ" ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫"ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ" ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﻻ ﺗﻔﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎً ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ﺗﺄﺧﺬﻧﺎ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ‬

‫‪ UKSG‬ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻤﺎﺡ ﻟﻲ ﺑﺮﺋﺎﺳﺔ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻻ ﺷﻚ ﻓﻲ‬

‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﺪ ﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺘﻌﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬

‫ﺳﺘﻌﻘﺪﻩ ﻓﻲ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﻤﺜﻠﻮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‬

‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺒﺎﺳﺎﺕ ﻭﻧﺼﺎﺋﺢ ﻫﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻻ ﺗﻤﺜﻼﻥ ﻣﺆﺷﺮﺍﺕ‬

‫ﻳﺘﻬﻴﺄ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬

‫ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺣﺠﺠﻬﻢ ﺛﻢ ﻳﺴﻤﺤﻮﻥ ﺑﺘﻠﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﺳﺄﺳﻌﻰ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺷﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺍﺩﺭ‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻭﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﻟﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎً‪ ،‬ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺮﺳﻠﻮﺍ ﻟﻲ ﺃﻳﺔ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻛﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺟﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺤﺺ‪ .‬ﻭﻓﻲ ﺭﺃﻳﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎً ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﺳﺘﺸﻌﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬

‫ﺗﺮﻏﺒﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻃﺮﺣﻬﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍء‪ ،‬ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﻣﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻞ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ ّ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.richard.gedye@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﺇﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﻝ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻗﺮﺍءﺗﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ‬

‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ "ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ" ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﻟـ ‪) UKSG‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺭﺃﺳﻪ‬

‫ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻭﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﻭﻗﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍءﺓ‬

‫ﺃﻧﺎ( ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺭﺍﺋﻌﺔ ﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻲ ﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ ﻭﺗﺴﺠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪ ﺃﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺘﻚ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﻣﻊ ‪COUNTER 3‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﻋﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻫﺎﺩﻑ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﻀﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ‪.COUNTER‬‬

‫ﻳﻬﺪﻑ ﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ‪ COUNTER 3‬ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺛﻮﻗﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪COUNTER‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺩﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻤﻤﺔ ﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻀﺨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻤﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺘﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻭﺑﻮﺗﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﺪﻡ "ﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ" ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﺩﻣﺞ ﻭﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ‪.COUNTER‬‬

‫ﻭﻳﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﺍﻹﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ‪ COUNTER‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫• ﻛﻞ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ‪ COUNTER‬ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺑﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ‪ ،XML‬ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻵﻥ ﺟﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻳﺪﻭﻳﺎً )ﻳﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻳﻀﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻘﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺒﻬﺎ ‪.(COUNTER 3‬‬ ‫• ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻼﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ )‪ (CR1‬ﺑﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ‪) XML‬ﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻨﺴﻴﻘﺎﺕ ‪HTML‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪ csv.‬ﻭ‪ ،rtf.‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺒﻬﺎ ‪.(COUNTER 3‬‬ ‫• ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻬﻢ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎً ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫‪.SUSHI‬‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻟﺪﻳﻚ ﺃﻱ ﺗﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻚ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑـ‪jnls.consortia@oxfordjournals.org :‬‬

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‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺘﺨﺬ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺿﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻟﺘﻤﻜﻴﻦ ﺃﻃﺒﺎء ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ‪.‬‬

‫ﺗﺴﻬﻢ‬

‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺰﺍﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣ ٍﺪ ﺳﻮﺍء‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺔ ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺟﺰء ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻁ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ )‪ .(ESC‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﺪﺃﻧﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪٢٠٠٥‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻧﺸﺮ "ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻴﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ )‪ (ESC‬ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣﺼﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻏﻠﺐ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫)‪ :(ESC‬ﺇﻱ ﺑﻲ ﻳﻮﺭﻭﺑﻴﺲ )‪ ،(EP Europace‬ﻭﺃﺑﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺨﻄﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻜﺘﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺒﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪) ESC‬ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ( ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻃﺒﺎء ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺪﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻹﺧﺼﺎﺋﻴﻴﻦ‬

‫ً‬ ‫ﻣﻜﻤﻼ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻨﺸﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺮﺳﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳُﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻼﻭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻮﻋﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻲ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺃﻓﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ ﻭﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻄﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻸﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻃﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻝ ﻣﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﻨﺸﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ ESC‬ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ‪،HighWire Press‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﻤﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺑﻂ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪) ESC‬ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ( ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ ﻟﻄﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻣﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺑﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺔ ‪ ،ESC‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺰﺍﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ‪ ،ESC‬ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗُﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﺍً ﻫﺎﻣﺎ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺃﻃﺒﺎء ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﻴﻦ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‬ ‫)‪ (ESC‬ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻧﺎﺟﺤﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﻛﺘﻴﺐ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﻛﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﻴﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻛﺘﻴﺐ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻷﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻋﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎً‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺎً‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻧﻤﻮ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻟﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺎﻝ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻫﻨﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻳﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻄﺮﻕ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻄﻮﺭﺍً‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﻣﻴﻜﻲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻟﻌﻤﻼﺋﻨﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

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‫ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬

‫ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺟﻮﺩﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺻﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺍء‪ .‬ﻓﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ‪ ،‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺮﺭﻳﻦ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻼء‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﺒﺘﻨﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ISSN 0045–3102‬‬

‫‪The British Journal of‬‬

‫ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬

‫‪SOCIAL WORK‬‬ ‫‪VOLUME 37 G NUMBER 6 G SEPTEMBER 2008‬‬

‫‪International‬‬ ‫‪Social Work‬‬ ‫‪Special Issue‬‬

‫ﻳﺤﻀﺮ ﻣﻨﺪﻭﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﻮﻥ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﺴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎً ﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺃﻣﻨﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻨﺪﻭﺑﻲ ﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺇﻣﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﺘﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻛﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﺪﻭﺑﻴﻨﺎ‪.‬‬

‫‪www.bjsw.oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪An International Social Work Journal‬‬ ‫‪Published for the British Association of Social Workers‬‬

‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﺍﺋﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٨‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻟـﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺗﻮًّﺍﻗﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ "ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ" ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﻟﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎً ﺑﻘﺮﺍﺋﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻔﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫"ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ" ﻭﺃﻥ ّ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﺰ ً‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻲ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺜﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮﺓ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ٢٠٠٤‬ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺤﺮﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ )‪ (BJSW‬ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻣﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻛﻔﺎءﺓ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﻝ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﺑﺤﺎﺙ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﺪﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ ﻭﺇﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﻠﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﺟﻴﺪﺍً‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﻴﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺤﺮﺭﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ )‪ (JNCI‬ﺑﺠﺪ ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻬﺎﺩ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺗﺤﺴﻴﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻌﻜﻒ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻮﻧﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﺍء ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻄﻮﻃﺔ ﺑﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﺇﻋﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻮﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻣﺆﺧﺮﺍً ﺑﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ‪Context‬‬ ‫‪ and Caveats‬ﻟﻜﻞ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﺧﻼﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻭﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٩‬ﺗﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺴﻤﻴﻦ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺃ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺏ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻧﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺝ ﻛﻞ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺛﻤﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎً‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ .‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺮ ﺑﻤﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻳﻘﻞ ﻋﻦ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺤﺴﻨﺖ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺑﻼ ﺷﻚ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ "ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ" ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٧‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﺳﻤﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎً ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪.‬‬

‫‪١٠‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺼﺐ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻮ "ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺮﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ ﻋﺪ ٌﺩ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍً‬ ‫ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،٢٠٠٥‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻳﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪ ٪٥‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ .٪١١‬ﻭﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﺛﺮﺍً ﺇﻳﺠﺎﺑﻴﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ‪BJSW‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪.٢٠٠٤‬‬

‫ﻗﻤﻨﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ‪ .JNCI‬ﺇﺫ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺍء ﺗﻨﺰﻳﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺑﺚ ﺇﺫﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ )ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻣﺠﺎﻧﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ( ﻟﻤﻠﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃُﺟﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﺍء ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ‪ Twitter‬ﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪ JNCI‬ﻭﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗُﻨﺸﺮ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺠﺤﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪" ٥٠٠‬ﻣﻌﺠﺐ" ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺷﻬﻮﺭ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﻣﺠﺮﺩ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫)‪ (OUP‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻧﺸﻂ ﻭﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﻟﻀﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻮﺩﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻨﺠﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺤﻀﺮﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ ﻭﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ‪.٢٠١٠‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻠﺔ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺁﺳﻴﺎ‬

‫ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ‬

‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻥ ﻳﻮﻧﺞ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪won.jung@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫)ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ(‬

‫‪) ٢٠١٠ Bibliostar‬ﺑﻴﺒﻠﻴﻮﺳﺘﺎﺭ ‪(٢٠١٠‬‬ ‫‪ ١٢ – ١١‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﺇﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻜﺘﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﻟﻮﺑﻴﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪victoria.lopez@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎﻳﻴﺪﺝ ﺟﻮﺗﻴﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪annaig.gautier@oup.com‬‬

‫ﺃﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻲ ‪ :٢‬ﻏﻨﺎء ﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺮ‬ ‫‪ ١٢ – ١١‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺑﻮﻟﻴﺘﻜﻨﻚ ﻫﻮﻧﺞ ﻛﻮﻧﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻜﻞ ﺯﻫﻮ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪michael.zhou@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺃﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ‪ VALA‬ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺘﻴﻦ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺩﺛﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ١١ - ٨‬ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻠﺒﻮﺭﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻳﻜﺎ ﻭﺍﻳﺘﻔﻴﻠﺪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪marika.whitfield@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺛﻴﻮ ﻫﺎﻭﻟﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪matthew.howells@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫‪٢٠١٠ UKSG‬‬ ‫‪ ١٤ – ١٢‬ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺇﺩﻧﺒﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻜﺘﻠﻨﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪ ﻭﻳﻠﻔﻮﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪ged.welford@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺛﻴﻮ ﻫﺎﻭﻟﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪matthew.howells@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻂ‬ ‫‪) SLA Gulf‬ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ‪(SLA‬‬ ‫‪ ١٨ - ١٦‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪ ،٢٠١٠‬ﺍﻹﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺛﻴﻮ ﻫﺎﻭﻟﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪matthew.howells@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﻛﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ )‪(AALS‬‬ ‫‪ ١٠ – ٦‬ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻮ ﺃﻭﺭﻟﻴﺎﻧﺰﺭ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﺱ ﺃﻧﺠﻠﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻨﻴﻞ ﺳﻴﻠﺒﺮﺑﻴﺮﺝ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ninell.silberberg@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ‪ ALA‬ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬ ‫‪ ١٩ – ١٥‬ﻳﻨﺎﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺳﻄﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺳﺎﺗﺸﻮﺳﺘﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻴﺴﻜﺎ ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪francesca.martin@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻴﻨﺪﺍ ﻫﺎﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪belinda.hayes@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺒﻴﻜﺎ ﺳﻴﺠﺮ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪rebecca.seger@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺒﻲ ﻓﺎﺭﻳﻨﻴﻼ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪debbie.farinella@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎء ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻲ ﺑﻤﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻜﺴﻴﻜﻮ ﺳﻴﺘﻲ‬ ‫‪ ٢٦ – ٢٥‬ﻓﺒﺮﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﺴﻴﻜﻮ ﺳﻴﺘﻲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺴﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻨﻴﻔﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻮﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪jenifer.maloney@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ‪ ACRL Chapter‬ﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﻮﻱ‬ ‫‪ ٢٦ - ٢٥‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺳﺒﺮﻳﻨﺠﻔﻴﻠﺪ‪ ،‬ﺇﻟﻴﻨﻮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻴﻨﺪﺍ ﻫﺎﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪belinda.hayes@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ‬ ‫‪ ٢٧ – ٢٣‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺭﺗﻼﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭﺭﻳﺠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺰﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪lesa.moran@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻲ )‪(ASIL‬‬ ‫‪ ٢٧ – ٢٤‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺷﻨﻄﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻨﻴﻞ ﺳﻴﻠﺒﺮﺑﻴﺮﺝ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ninell.silberberg@oup.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺗﻤﺮ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺘﻜﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫‪ ١٧ – ١٤‬ﺃﺑﺮﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻥ ﺃﻧﺘﻮﻧﻴﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﺴﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﻨﻴﻔﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻮﻧﻲ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫‪jenifer.maloney@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫‪Illuminea‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ‪١‬‬

‫‪١١‬‬


‫ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺗﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗُﻌﺪ ﻣﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﻓﺮﺍً ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﺎً ﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻧﺤﺎء ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﺘﻮﺍﺟﺪ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﻋﻤﻠﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺮﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺩﻭﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺗﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺗﻌﺰﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ٢٢٠‬ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺃﻛﺎﺩﻳﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ )ﺃﺣﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻭﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﻗﻊ( ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺣﺰﻣﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫)ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ(‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻛﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﺤﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻭﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﺘﻠﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺟﺎﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﺃﻳﻀﺎً ﻋﺒﺮ "ﺃﺭﺷﻴﻒ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ" ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ‪.library.sales@oxfordjournals.org :‬‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﺣﺪ ﺃﻋﻀﺎء ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻤﻠﻚ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺋﻪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻟﺠﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫‪.www.oxfordjournals.org/for_librarians/quote.html‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ‬

‫ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻨﺸﺮ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﺸﺘﻤﻞ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﺤﺔ ﺃﻛﺴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﺍﻷﺳﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻔﺮﻕ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪librarysales@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+١ ٨٠٠ ٦٢٤ ٠١٥٣‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪onlineproducts@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠) ١٨٦٥ ٣٥٣٧٠٥‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺘﻚ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺋﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺘﺴﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺘﻚ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.library.marketing@oxfordjournals.org‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪oxford.reference@oup.com‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء‬

‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﺗﻴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﺣﺪ ﺃﻋﻀﺎء ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﻊ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺩﻭﺩ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﺗﻴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﻔﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻭﺍﺳﻊ ﺍﻻﻃﻼﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺩﻭﺩ ﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎ‪:‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪jnlorders@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+١ ٨٠٠ ٨٥٢ ٧٣٢٣‬‬ ‫)ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ‪/‬ﻛﻨﺪﺍ(‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻭﻛﻮﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪custserv.jp@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+٨١ ٣ ٥٤٤٤ ٥٨٥٨‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼء ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪jnls.consortia@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠)١٨٦٥ ٣٥٤٩٤٩‬‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﻼء ﺍﻻﺗﺤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪jnls.cust.serv@oxfordjournals.org‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠)١٨٦٥ ٣٥٣٩٠٧‬‬

‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪oxfordonline@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪) +١ ٨٠٠ ٣٣٤ ٤٢٤٩‬ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ‪(٦٤٨٤‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪onlinemarketing@oup.com‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪onlinesubscriptions@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+٤٤ (٠) ١٨٦٥ ٣٥٣٧٠٥‬‬

‫ﻃﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳُﺮﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺄﺧﺼﺎﺋﻴﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﻨﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻠﻮﺭ ﺳﺘﺎﻧﺞ‬ ‫‪taylor.stang@oup.com‬‬ ‫‪+١ ٢١٢ ٧٢٦ ٦١٤٣‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎء ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﻙ ﺗﻴﺮﻧﺮ‬ ‫‪mark.turner@oup.com‬‬

Illuminea January 2010 Arabic  

Arabic translation of the January issue of Illuminea, Oxford University Press’ quarterly librarian newsletter

Illuminea January 2010 Arabic  

Arabic translation of the January issue of Illuminea, Oxford University Press’ quarterly librarian newsletter

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