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Co n t e n t s April, May and June 2013
In This Issue
12 Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge by Steve Agius 20 Empowering Life: Friends of Aroostook by Jane Margesson 22 AARP Maine: A Mission, A Legacy, An Opportunity by AARP Maine 26 Spring on the Lake What Drives Lake Turnover? by MSSM STEM 38 An American Epidemic Hits Home by Jacquelyn Dempsey 44 Youth Voices 56 Advanced, Comprehensive Breast Care in Aroostook County by Tamra Kilcollins 62 Falling in Love With the Caribou Area Again by William j. Tasker 64 Before Blackfly Season... by Skyla Hamilton 66 Chamber Honors Outstanding Business and Citizens by Central Aroostook Chamber 68 Through the Eyes of a Child by Sandra Voisine 77 Healthy You: Guide For Guys by Kim Jones
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Many Thanks to: (in no particular order)
Kim Jones, Skyla Hamilton, Tamra Kilcollins, Sandra Voisine, MSSM, UMPI, NMCC, Central Aroostook Chamber of Commerce, William J. Tasker, UMFK, Jacquelyn Dempsey, Steve Agius, Jane Margesson, Gene Cyr, Lyndsey Maynard, Michael Gudreau, Janet McLaughlin, Intricate Photography, JROgden Photography, Carly Rodgers Copyright © 2013 Our Maine Street LCC. Our Maine Street LLC is jointly owned by Charles, Cheryl and Craig Cormier. Proudly printed in New England, United States of Amerca.
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This publication is made possible by the generous support of our advertising partners. Please let them know you saw them in Our Maine Street Magazine and that you appreciate their support of County projects. 2nd Hand Rose, Aroostook County Chambers of Commerce, Aroostook Foam Insulation, Aroostook Milling & Stove Shop, Aroostook Real Estate, Aroostook Technologies, Audibert Polaris, Babin’s Grocery Outlet, Bella Salon, Ben’s Trading Post, Boondock’s Grille, Bouchard Family Farms, Bread of Life Bulk Food & Specialty Store, CRG Insurance, Cary Medical Center, Central Aroostook Chamber of Commerce, Clifford L Rhome CPA, P.A., Clukey’s Auto Supply, County Abatement, Inc., County Denture Center, Daigle Funeral Home, Doris’ Café, Fort Kent Ski-Doo, Giberson - Dorsey Funeral Home, Graves’ Shop ‘n Save, Hand Me Down Antiques, Hillside, Mars Hill & Star City IGA, I Care Pharmacy, Jerry’s Shurfine, John’s Shurfine Food Store, M. Roy & Co, Mercantile, Marden’s, Martin’s Point Health Care, McGillan Inc., Merchants On The Corner, Mockler Funeral Home, Morning Star Art & Framing, Mountain Heights Health Care Facility, Myrtle Tree, Nadeau’s House of Flooring, Northeast Propane, Northern Airwaves, Northern Maine Community College, Northern Prosthetics & Orthotics, Noyes Florist & Greenhouse, Overhead Door Company of Aroostook, Paterson Payroll, Pelletier Ford, Percy’s Auto Sales, Pines Health Services, Professional Home Nursing, Quigley’s Building Supply, Red River Camps, Randy Brooker, Robbie Morin Paving, Russell’s Motel, St John Valley Pharmacy, Shiretown Pharmacy, Star City Coffee, The County Federal Credit Union, The County Quik Stop, University of Maine at Fort Kent, University of Maine at Presque Isle, Valley Communications Opinions expressed in articles or advertisements, unless otherwise noted, do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the publisher, staff or advisory board. Every effort has been made to ensure that all information present in this issue is accurate, and neither Our Maine Street Magazine nor any of its staff are responsible for omissions or information that has been misrepresented to the magazine. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording or any information storage and retrieval system without written permission from the publishers. SPRING 2013
Photo Copyright ÂŠ 2013 Gene Cyr, Washburn, northernmainepictures.com
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Photo ÂŠ 2013 Lyndsey Maynard
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National Refuge By Steve Agius photos courtesy Aroostook Wildlife Refuge
Consisting of more than 155 million acres of federally protected lands, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serviceâ€™s National Wildlife Refuge System is the most comprehensive assemblage of lands set aside for the conservation of plants and animals in the world. Situated between Limestone and Caribou, roughly 8,000 acres of land are protected by Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge was established in 1998 when 4,700 acres were transferred from the U.S. Air Force to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge is the northernmost National Wildlife Refuge in the Northeast. The refuge was established to protect and manage wetlands, uplands and natural resources for the enhancement of wildlife populations, especially waterfowl and neotropical migratory birds.
Aroostook NWR is the northern most refuge in the Atlantic flyway and supports more than 150 species of birds, including 20 species of warblers, 7 species of thrushes, 10 species of waterfowl and a host of raptors and grassland birds. Numerous mammals including bobcat, river otter, pine marten, black bear, moose and federally threatened Canada lynx frequent the unique habitats at the refuge. Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge provides longterm conservation of important wetland and upland wildlife habitat for migratory birds and at risk species. Situated at the southern range of the boreal forests and the northern range of the deciduous forests, the refuge is a transition zone providing homes to species of both habitat types. The refuge provides management and enhancement of habitat for wildlife populations, thereby contributing to
biological diversity, and provides environmental Refuge in the Atlantic flyway. Moosehorn’s primary education opportunities and wildlife-oriented purpose is to protect wildlife, including migrating waterfowl, wading birds, shorebirds, upland game public uses. birds, songbirds, and birds of prey. The refuge consists The refuge has over 12 miles of trails that are open of two divisions. The Baring Division covers 20,531 to the public year round. The refuge trailheads are acres and is located southwest of Calais. The 8,800 clearly marked with signs, trail maps and numerous acre Edmunds Division sits between Dennysville interpretive panels. The trails are relatively flat, and Whiting on U.S. Rt. 1 and borders the tidal groomed in the winter and offer a diverse number waters of Cobscook Bay. Each division contains a of habitats to explore. Aroostook National Wildlife National Wilderness Area managed to preserve their Refuge is currently developing an auto tour route wild character. Moosehorn NWR contains more that will allow the public to drive through the historic than 50 miles of trails that offer exceptional wildlife weapons storage area. Tours of the refuge are offered viewing opportunities. on a seasonal basis and should be scheduled in advance by contacting the refuge office. Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge is located at 97 Refuge Road in Limestone. To access the refuge take Route Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge89 to the Loring Commerce Road. Look for the Kittery to Cutler (established 1970s) large brown refuge signs. The office phone number The Maine Coastal Islands National Wildlife Refuge is (207)328-4634. Complex contains more than 56 offshore islands The Mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System is to administer a national network of lands and waters for the conservation, management, and where appropriate, restoration of the fish, wildlife, and plant resources and their habitats within the United States for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans. A hundred years in the making, the National Wildlife Refuge system is a network of habitats that benefits wildlife, provides unparalleled outdoor experiences for all Americans, and protects a healthy environment. Today, there is at least one wildlife refuge within an hour’s drive of most major metropolitan areas. National Wildlife Refuges provide habitat for more than 700 species of birds, 220 species of mammals, 250 reptile and amphibian species and more than 1,000 species of fish. More than 280 threatened and endangered plants or animals are protected on wildlife refuges. Each year, millions of migrating birds use refuges as stepping stones as they fly thousands of miles between their summer and winter homes. There are six National Wildlife Refuges throughout the state of Maine including Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge.
Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge- Baring (established in 1937) Moosehorn is the easternmost National Wildlife
and four coastal parcels, totaling more than 12,500 acres. The complex spans more than 250 miles of Maine coastline. The Service’s primary focus at Maine Coastal Islands Refuge Complex is restoring and managing colonies of nesting seabirds. Refuge islands provide habitat for common, Arctic, and endangered roseate terns; Atlantic puffins; razorbills; black guillemots; Leach’s storm-petrels; herring, greater black-backed, and laughing gulls; doublecrested and great cormorants; and common eiders. Over the last 25 years, the Service has worked to reverse the decline in these birds’ populations. As a result, many species have returned to islands where they nested historically.
Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife RefugeMilford (established 1988) The refuge was established to ensure the ecological integrity of the Sunkhaze Meadows peat bog and the continued availability of its wetland, stream, forest and wildlife resources. Sunkhaze and its additional units consist of more than 13,000 acres in central Maine. The refuge protects the second-largest and most unique peatland in Maine. It contains several raised bogs or domes, separated from each other by extensive areas of streamside meadows. The bog and stream wetlands, along with the adjacent uplands and associated transition zones, provide important habitat for many wildlife species. Sunkhaze Meadows SPRING 2013
National Wildlife Refuge provides habitat for three plants, seven birds, two mollusks and three invertebrates listed as Endangered or Threatened by the State of Maine.
Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge- Maine / New Hampshire Border (established 1997) The refuge was established with the primary purposes of protecting wetlands and wetlandassociated wildlife and to protect migratory birds. Umbagog NWR conserves more than 25,650 acres under Service management. In addition, the states of New Hampshire and Maine have each acquired over 1000 acres in the vicinity of Umbagog Lake. This combination of ownerships and easements protects nearly all of the Umbagog Lake shoreline in New Hampshire and significant lengths of shoreline along the Androscoggin, Magalloway, Dead Cambridge, and Rapid rivers. Umbagog NWR provides long-term conservation of important wetland and upland wildlife habitat for migratory birds and threatened and endangered species.
Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge- Wells (established 1966) Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge, in cooperation with the State of Maine, protects valuable salt marshes and estuaries for migratory birds. Located along 50 miles of coastline in York and Cumberland counties, the refuge consists of eleven divisions between Kittery and Cape Elizabeth. It will contain approximately 14,600 acres when land acquisition is complete. The proximity of the refuge to the coast and its location between the eastern deciduous forest and the boreal forest creates a composition of plants and animals not found elsewhere in Maine. Major habitat types present on the refuge include forested upland, barrier beach/dune, coastal meadows, tidal salt marsh, and the distinctive rocky coast.
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Gene Cyr, Washburn, northernmainepictures.com
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Empowering Life: Friends of Aroostook by Jane Margesson
AARP Maine Communications Director Above photo: Friends of Aroostook Volunteers in Augusta Oppostive page: A Caribou Meeting
Many of us enjoy volunteering. Giving back to others through community work, individual projects or general acts of kindness are integral to the human spirit. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., in fact, believed that acts of service are what make us human. “Everybody can be great,” he said, “because anybody can serve.” Sometimes, the inspiration and opportunity to give back can come from unexpected circumstances. Such is the case for one man who has made an extraordinary difference in the lives of others through his love, and mastery, of growing vegetables.
it? “That was a red flag for us,” explains Dale Flewelling, who was at the Center when the call came in. “Why was a Portland agency calling Houlton to connect us with a farm in nearby Benedicta? It showed us that there was very poor communication in the state about what food was available and where it was needed.” A lifelong resident of Houlton in Aroostook County, Dale Flewelling had sold his popular transmission shop to his son a few years before and, after 35 years in the business, was ready for his next adventure. That phone call connected him with the Benedicta farmer, Leo McAvoy. After recruiting five other volunteers, Dale harvested 3,600 ears of Leo’s corn in two days and donated it all to Aroostook food pantries.
It all started with a phone call. The Empowering Life Center in Houlton received a phone call from a community agency in Portland. A farmer in Benedicta, South Aroostook, was willing to donate several acres of corn to anyone in the area who could harvest the produce. Did the Center From these seemingly humble beginnings in 2008, “Friends know of anyone who wanted the corn and could harvest of Aroostook” (FOA) was born. 22
Over the next few years, the food harvesting program grew by leaps and bounds. Local farmers donated more acreage for harvesting and local businesses donated seeds and equipment. Aroostook Agency on Aging and The United Way worked with FOA to support their efforts as more and more fresh vegetables made their way into an increasing number of the state’s poorer communities.
residents and others in need. Since 2009, OWH delivers approximately 20 cords of wood each winter season – that’s about 50 pick-up truck loads. In 2012, through its initiatives to make things better for society, AARP Maine worked with the AARP Foundation to contribute to OWH. “Thanks to AARP,” Dale says, “We were able to buy treelength hardwood which we then processed into firewood and delivered to homes from Silver Ridge all the way to Flash forward to 2013! The results of the dedication Presque Isle.” and inspiration of FOA have reached proportions that are nothing short of astounding. Dale reports his team OWH uses an application process through local harvested over 200,000 pounds of food during the summer municipalities and charities such as The Salvation Army, of 2012. “That’s the equivalent of 600,000 adult portions!” but Dale, himself, delivers the wood to each home. “Most he beams. Dale is particularly pleased that through FOA of the time I don’t have the opportunity to meet any of fewer older adults are going hungry. Other Maine residents the people we are helping through our programs,” he says. in need receive FOA’s bounty through the Good Shepherd “This is the one time when I can personally meet and greet Food Bank which distributes the produce to local food each individual or family. This season I met two elderly pantries statewide. Dale says he counts on Maine’s Agencies ladies from different towns who both live in trailers with on Aging, as well as the Good Shepherd Food Bank, to no electricity and no running water. They were so grateful determine the geographical needs for FOA’s produce and to to have the means to stay warm. It is an honor to be able to allocate the food accordingly. help those who are cold among us.” One of the beneficiaries of the generosity of OWH, Rodger from Presque Isle, wrote Steve Farnham, Director of Aroostook Agency on Aging, to Dale recently and said “I greatly appreciate what Friends explains how some of the food is distributed. “One way we of Aroostook is doing for the seniors who are having a hard see the benefit of FOA’s work is through our Meals on Wheels time heating their homes this winter.” program,” he says. “Most of our clients are homebound seniors, yet they can get this gorgeous produce, prepared Dale’s vision, which started with such an odd phone call, and delivered right to their door straight from the garden. is now helping residents across The County stay warm Fresh, nutritious produce, some of which is organic, would and Mainers across the entire state stave off hunger. How normally be all but impossible for our clients to obtain.” amazing is that? If you would like to find out more about Friends of Aroostook, please go to www.friendsofaroostook. When I asked Dale, now 62, what spurs him on each year org for information. You can also send an email to with FOA, he replied, “For 35 years, people in Northern email@example.com. Dale is always looking for Maine and beyond utilized our transmission repair services volunteers of all ages to aid in this remarkable mission. which in turn supported my family. Now, it is my turn to Jane Margesson lend a hand of support, especially to those who are in need.” AARP Maine Communications Director Reaching people in need extends well past the growing A portion of this article appeared in the 2012 holiday issue season through the FOA’s more recent project, “Operation of Maine Seniors and is reprinted with their permission. Wood Heat” (OWH). The mission of OWH is to provide emergency firewood to the elderly, working low-income SPRING 2013
A Mission, A Legacy, An Opportunity PHOTO:
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Dr. Ethel Percy Andrus, AARP Founder
Dr. Ethel Percy Andrus founded what is now AARP more than 50 years ago. At that moment, she probably never dreamed that her efforts would eventually result in an organization with 53 AARP state offices nationwide and a membership of almost 37 million people 50+. Already a powerful advocate in Washington, she no doubt did envision the critical role that AARP would play on Capitol Hill and in state capitols across the country. Dr. Andrus was a school teacher and the first female high school principal in the state of California. She saw firsthand the economic plight of retired educators in the post-Depression era. At the time, it was an accepted insurance industry standard that it was not “fiscally sound” to offer health insurance to anyone aged 65 or older. Since Medicare did not become available until 1965, and pensions were meager, many retired teachers at the time found themselves living in poverty during their so-called “golden years.” Dr. Andrus was spurred to take action when she discovered one of her retired colleagues living in just such deplorable conditions: she was living outside of Los Angeles in, of all places, a chicken coop. Armed with the belief that everyone has the right to age with dignity, Dr. Andrus was moved to fight for the rights of retired teachers everywhere. She began a campaign to provide affordable medical insurance for retired educators. Eight years later, the first-ever group health insurance coverage was offered to retired teachers throughout the nation. At that time, Dr. Andrus founded the National Retired Educators Association (NRTA).
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What happened next was incredible. Thousands of older Americans who were not retired teachers (and therefore not eligible for NRTA membership) contacted the Association wanting to know how they, too, could obtain health insurance and other NRTA benefits if they SPRING 2013
were not retired teachers. Recognizing that many other older Americans needed help as well, she decided to start a new association. In 1958, Dr. Andrus founded AARP. But Ethel Percy Andrus saw AARP as doing much more than offering health insurance for older Americans who needed it. She believed that people’s older years should be an opportunity for new growth and participation in society. She referred to AARP as “an army of useful citizens” who had the ability, the experience and the desire to promote and enhance the public good. She gave us the motto that still guides us today: “To serve, not to be served.”
answers that make sense. If you would like to follow or get involved in our work on federal issues, go to www. aarp.org.
AARP has many other services available in the state which are open to members and non-members alike. Since 1968, the AARP Tax-Aide program, administered through the AARP Foundation, has helped more than 50 million taxpayers file their returns for free. AARP Tax-Aide sites are located in convenient places such as libraries, malls, banks and senior centers. More than 35,000 dedicated, IRS-certified volunteers nationwide provide this quality tax preparation service. To locate a site in your community, visit the Tax-Aide website at AARP’s four official goals were to: 1) Enhance www.aarp.org/taxaide or call 1-888-227-7669. the quality of life for older persons, 2) Promote independence, dignity and purpose for older persons, 3) Another popular program is the AARP Driver Safety Lead in determining the role and place of older persons course. Class participants learn defensive driving in society, and 4) Improve the image of aging. Today, techniques, new traffic laws and how to handle problem we are guided and motivated by these same principles. situations on the road. By taking this course, graduates As it was then, AARP is non-partisan and non-profit. age 55+ are also eligible for a reduction in either their With our growing membership, we advocate on auto insurance if they meet certain criteria. To learn behalf of 50+ Americans, working across the nation in more about AARP Driver Safety and to register for a communities large and small to address the advantages local class, call 1-888-227-7669 or go to www.aarp. and the challenges we all face as we age. org/drive. The cost for the classroom course is $12 for AARP members and $14 for non-members. The course Here in Maine, AARP has an official state office located is also available online. in Portland, but our work spans the entire state. Our team AARP was founded by one woman who was determined consists of five AARP staff, six AARP chapters, and to make a difference in the lives of others. As Dr. Andrus 230,000 members, many of whom serve in volunteer wrote in one of AARP’s earliest publications, “Our and leadership roles in the organization. During each community is the place where we as older individuals state legislative session, our staff and volunteers are can be the most effective.” This is part of Dr. Andrus’ at the state house in Augusta almost every day. We extraordinary legacy and today AARP continues to meet with legislators, attend hearings, and deliver champion that philosophy, empowering our members testimony, fighting on issues that matter to Mainers and to pursue their goals and dreams. their families. These issues include access to home and community-based services, affordable prescription To contact AARP Maine, call 1-866-554-5380 or send drug costs, lower energy costs, the protection of vital us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org services for low-income older and disabled residents, You can also go to our website at www.aarp.org/me or financial protection and consumer fraud to name a few. like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter at AARP Maine. We look forward to hearing from you! We collaborate with many state and local community AARP Maine leaders and organizations on issues of concern to older Mainers such as transportation and housing. Our A portion of this article appeared in the Spring issue of Wiser community service and outreach initiatives, pioneered Living and is reprinted with their permission. and managed by volunteers, have touched many older Mainers in significant ways. On the national front, AARP is committed to protecting Social Security and Medicare. We consistently reach out to and work with policy makers on both sides of the political aisle to find 26
Photo © 2013 Janet McLaughlin
Spring on the Lake What Drives Lake Turnover? Branching Out With STEM
It’s springtime in Aroostook. The sun has blazed back into our lives. The seeds of May flowers are soaking up the April showers. The snow and ice are melting, and lakes are turning over.
above freezing, at 4 degrees Celsius (39 degrees Fahrenheit). It then becomes less dense (lighter) as its temperature increases or decreases from 39 degrees. All things equal, buoyancy and density are inversely proportional, which means that buoyancy increases as density decreases, or Like most natural process, lake turnover doesn’t just happen lighter objects float higher in the water. For water itself, that without a good reason. It’s the culmination of physical relationship means that water that is warmer or cooler than processes and properties including ice melt; heat transfer; 39 degrees is more buoyant than, and will float on, water water density (its mass that is exactly 39 degrees. In divided by its volume); and lakes, the dense, deep water buoyancy (the force that is called the hypolimnion, dictates whether an object or and the lighter, higher water liquid will float on another is called the epilimnion. liquid). Let’s take a closer (A thermocline, which look at these concepts and is a distinct change in their effect on our lakes and temperature, often forms ponds. where the two layers meet. If you’ve ever been swimming Water is strange stuff: it’s one at your favorite swimming of the only substances that is hole, and your feet hit the less dense as a solid than it is “cold spot,” you’ve found a as a liquid. If it wasn’t, ice thermocline.) would sink to the bottom of ponds instead of floating on Toward the end of the top. Give that a quick thought . . . In cold, deep ponds, winter, before the ice melts, the hypolimnion is close to 4 sunken ice would likely never thaw because there wouldn’t degrees Celsius, and the epilimnion is closer to zero degrees be enough sunlight to warm it. In fact, some lakes might Celsius. (It’s true- the water at the bottom of the lake is remain frozen solid year-round except for the top few feet warmer than the water at the top of the lake!) This is a shallow enough to be warmed by the sun. It’s not hard to stable condition, with the less dense water floating on the imagine the impact that would have on aquatic ecosystems more dense water, and the ice floating above it all. When and fishing in Northern Maine! the ice melts, however, the increased air temperature and light penetration warms the epilimnion. At the point that Water’s density also changes with temperature even when the epilimnion warms to 4 degrees Celsius, it matches the it stays in a liquid state. It is most dense (heaviest) just density of the hypolimnion. Because the water column is 28
no longer stratified, it takes very little energy to completely -----------mix the water in the lake from top to bottom. Wind, rain, and temperature fluctuations are all it takes to start the The Maine School of Science and Mathematics (MSSM) spring turnover. is a tuition-free, public, residential high school that enrolls students from across the state and serves over 500 students The spring turnover can be easily visualized with a simple each year through its academic and summer offerings. experiment. Imagine you have two glasses. In the first glass, Opened in 1995, the school provides high school students a you have oil floating on water, just like the epilimnion floats rigorous, student-centered curriculum that emphasizes the on top of the hypolimnion. If you try to stir the two liquids connections between math, science, and humanities, and together with a spoon, it takes quite a bit of energy to mix culminates in opportunities for authentic research. MSSM’s them even a little. In the second glass, you have plain water, summer camps inspire Maine middle school students to which is all at the same temperature and density just like explore their passions for science, math, engineering, and water after ice-out in the spring. If you add a drop of food technology. MSSM also provides professional development coloring (just enough to see what’s happening) and try to opportunities for teachers throughout the state. stir the water, it’s very easy to completely mix in the food coloring. In 2012, U.S. News and World Report ranked the Maine School of Science and Mathematics the 38th best high The spring turnover is crucial for all aquatic life, from school out of nearly 22,000 public high schools nationwide, plants to bugs to trout. As the epilimnion is churned up and the 9th best magnet school. by wind and rain, and the water sinks, it pulls dissolved oxygen from the air down toward the bottom of the lake, For more information about MSSM, please visit the oxygenating the entire water column. Oxygen is just school’s website at www.mssm.org or contact the Office of as necessary to aquatic life as it is to life on land. Brook Admission at (207) 325-3303. trout, for instance, need a lot of dissolved oxygen to thrive. Research from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service indicates Summer Lake Stratiication Zones that brook trout require at least 7 mg/l of dissolved oxygen in cold water. In warmer water (over 15 degrees Celsius, or 59 degrees Fahrenheit), brook trout need at least 9 mg/l Epilimnion of dissolved oxygen in warmer just to survive. (To put this into perspective, the maximum amount of oxygen that can ermocline be dissolved in 15 degree water is 10.07 mg/l, according Hypolimnion to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.) Without the spring turnover, this essential oxygen would be missing from the system, and Aroostook County would have no brook trout to catch. The spring turnover also redistributes essential nutrients that settled to the bottom of the water column over the winter. Two of these nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorus, are required for photosynthesis and the growth of aquatic plants such as beneficial algae, grasses, reeds, and lilies. These plants, fed by the spring turnover, then feed a host of animals from fish and bugs all the way to moose. Take a walk down by your favorite lake this spring. If you’re there to see the spring turnover, stop for a moment to marvel at how physics (especially water density and buoyancy) keeps our aquatic ecosystems hearty and healthy year-round.
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✩ climbing wall ✩ swimming pool ✩ exercise facilities Applied Art ★ Applied Science ★ Art ★ Athletic Training ✩ multipurpose gym ✩ elevated track ✩ art galleries ★ Biology ★ Business Administration ★ Criminal Justice ✩ conference facilities ✩ cultural programs ✩ ★ English ★ Environmental Studies & Sustainability ★ ✩ distinguished lecturers ✩ nature trails ✩ Fine Art ★ History & Political Science ★ Liberal Studies book signings ✩ business breakfasts ✩ Mathematics ★ Medical Laboratory Technology ★ outdoor adventure trips ✩ athletic events ✩ Physical Education ★ Physical Therapist science museum ✩ service learning opportunities ✩ 207 768.9452 Assistant ★ Professional Communication wind turbine ✩ Upward Bound ✩ GITeC Laboratory ✩ ★ Psychology ★ Recreation/Leisure Services ★ Music in the Park series ✩ Young Professionals Social Work ★ Special Education Paraprofessional Institute ✩ VITA tax assistance services ✩ ★ Teacher Education ★ AMA courses ✩ Prometric Testing Center
world of opportunity
waiting for you at
The University of Maine at
Presque Isle Learn more at
North of Ordinary
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Gene Cyr, Washburn, northernmainepictures.com
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to prepare for a or get an to a four-year degree
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Stacy Potter Phone 207-554-9044 Sales, Service, Installation Fax 207-760-8441 firstname.lastname@example.org Cell 207-554-9097
an american epidemic hits home By Jacquelyn Dempsey
Aroostook County is a relatively safe place to live, but a threat to our health and quality of life is growing fast. Affecting 25.8 million Americans, diabetes prevalence has risen dramatically in the past 18 years. In 1995, 4.5% of the U.S. population had diabetes, compared with 8.4% in 2011 according to a report by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The rise has been linked with higher rates of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. Statewide, the prevalence of diabetes in Maine is consistent with the national average; however, Aroostook County has the highest rates of prediabetes and diabetes in all of Maine, according to the Maine CDC. Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which blood sugar builds up in the bloodstream due to the bodyâ€™s difficulty with producing or using insulin to properly store glucose in the cells. The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, or adult onset diabetes, and accounts for approximately 9095% of cases. Beginning with the body becoming insulin resistant, the pancreas then gradually loses the ability to produce insulin, though the need for it increases. Fueled by persistent high blood glucose levels, diabetes can lead to a host of health complications over time, including heart disease, nerve disease, kidney disease, blindness, foot deformities, and digestive problems. The connection between foot problems and diabetes occurs for several reasons. Neuropathy, a form of nerve damage, causes loss of feeling in the feet and deterioration of functions that are regulated by the nervous system. Since nerves regulate oil and moisture production in the foot, diabetic feet can become dry, cracked, and callused. These cracks and calluses can become sores, and injuries to the foot can go unnoticed because of the lack of sensation. Once a sore or injury becomes infected, it is often very difficult to heal due to diminished blood circulation in the extremities that is also associated with diabetes. What started as a small callous, a
pebble in the shoe, or a rub spot from a shoe seam can lead to hospitalization or even amputation. The American Diabetes Association reports that 15% of people with diabetes will develop foot ulcers that lead to more severe complications, one in five ulcers leading to some level of amputation. 80,000 amputations are caused by diabetic ulcers each year, accounting for 60% of all non-traumatic amputations. With such serious consequences, it is of paramount importance that people with diabetes pay close attention to the health of their feet and condition of their footwear. If you are currently managing diabetes: Wear properly fit shoes at all times and check them often for rough spots, rocks, or other objects that could cause excess pressure on the foot. Thoroughly check the tops, bottoms, sides, heels, and between the toes of your feet (or have someone else check) once or twice a day for any cracks, blisters, sores, redness, swelling or changes in color or temperature. Wear clean, dry socks or hose without seams. Have your feet checked regularly by your physician. Let the podiatrist treat callouses, corns, blisters, infections, nail fungal, etc. Immediately notify your doctor of any new sores. Establish a daily care routine: Wash your feet with mild soap and warm water, being well aware of water temperature. Overly hot water will cause burns. Dry feet thoroughly, especially between the toes. Soften dry skin areas with lotion, but donâ€™t apply lotion between the toes. Trim nails while they are soft. Cut the nail straight across, because curved nails are more likely to become ingrown. Stop
causes decreased blood flow to feet. Use diet, exercise, and/or medication to manage your blood sugar. This includes testing/recording blood sugar levels, knowing what to eat and when, knowing how to recognize and treat high or low blood sugar levels, and properly administering medications. If you do not have diabetes, maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise and schedule regular wellness exams with your physician. In Aroostook County, people with diabetes can find many resources to help manage their diabetes. Physicians, surgeons, endocrinologists, diabetologists, podiatrists, orthotists, prosthetists, pedorthists, wound care specialists, and nutritionists are all part of a team that cares for the diabetic patient. Cary Medical Centerâ€™s Diabetes Care Program is designed to help participants learn how to manage their diabetes through a comprehensive education program. Supervised by a team of specialists, including certified diabetes nurse educators, insulin pump trainers, and dietitians, the Diabetes Care Program includes five 2-hour classes that provide the participants with information about understanding and controlling their diabetes. Family members are encouraged to attend these classes at no additional cost. One month after the class ends, participants meet individually with the nurse educator and dietitian to review their progress. These sessions are held every three months for one year. For young people with diabetes, an adventure camp is offered every summer. This weeklong, overnight program combines fun outdoor activities with educational workshops all lead by a team of diabetes specialists and volunteers. SPRING 2013 41
At The Aroostook Medical Center (TAMC), the Diabetes Self Management Training Program helps patients with diabetes learn the skills they need to successfully manage the disease. Participants find out how to take control of diabetes through exercise, meal planning, and medication management. The program, which requires a physician referral, includes eight hours of education and free follow up for a year, coordinated by a diabetes nurse educator.
podiatrist every 3 months to have his feet checked and nails taken care of.
Clayton urges people to get checked if they feel thirsty all the time or go to the bathroom often during the day. His son visited from Texas recently and Clayton noticed him drink several glasses of water within a short amount of time. He checked his son’s blood sugar, and sure enough, it was 300 mg/dL. (Diabetes is diagnosed when blood sugar levels are over 125 mg/ Northern Maine Medical Center also offers a Diabetes dL when fasting and over 200 mg/dL two hours after a Self-Management Program. This program is designed glucose drink.) Clayton reflects, “To me, until diabetes to assist the person with diabetes in learning as much gets into it’s late stages, you feel like doing this and as possible about diabetes, its treatment and self- that, but you can’t. I would walk further than I should, care, in order to achieve and/or maintain optimum and that’s what got me in trouble.” management of their condition. NMMC’s DSMT Program is a comprehensive outpatient diabetes Diabetes has no cure, but can be managed effectively education program in compliance with the Diabetes with diet, exercise, and medication. Seek information and support if you or someone you love has diabetes. Prevention & Control Program in Augusta, Maine. For more information, visit the following websites or Northern Prosthetics & Orthotics provides care for the contact one of the local support services listed below: American Diabetes diabetic population from prevention to amputation. http://www.diabetes.org/ Their board-certified staff will evaluate patient’s feet Association Defeat Diabetes and provide custom fit, comfortable diabetic footwear http://www.defeatdiabetes.org/ with inserts that absorb shock, ensure proper foot Foundation, Inc. alignment, and alleviate high pressure situations that http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ Medline Plus could lead to tissue breakdown. Clinicians will work Medical Encyclopedia, A service of the U.S. National with physicians and wound care specialists to assist Library of Medicine and the National Institute of the healing process of existing wounds with custom Health. unloading devices. Whether missing a toe or a limb, Northern Prosthetics & Orthotics Prosthetists will Cary Medical Center design and create the most appropriate prosthetic CMC Outpatient Education Diabetes Care Program device to restore balance, gait symmetry, and mobility 163 Van Buren Road, Suite 1 Caribou, ME, 04736 to the diabetic amputee. 207-498-1283 Clayton Keiser, of Mapleton, has had diabetes for 20 years. Initially, he didn’t know the symptoms. He and The Aroostook Medical Center his wife were driving home from downstate when he ADAPT To Diabetes Self-Management Program noticed how fuzzy the highway signs were – diabetes PO Box 151, 140 Academy Street had affected his eyesight. His diabetes was being Presque Isle, ME, 04769 treated with pills, but it became obvious that pills 207-768-4160 weren’t enough. He had to alter his diet and keep a close watch on his feet. “I drove a truck for 43 years St. John Valley Health Center across 48 states and only Louisiana had a diabetic CMC Outpatient Education Diabetes Care Program 2 Main Street menu,” he recalls. Van Buren, ME, 04785 Despite his efforts, neuropathy set in about 7 years ago. 207-498-1283 Small pinholes developed on the bottom of his feet, which eventually became ulcers. He is now missing a The information provided in this article is not a toe on one foot and 3 toes plus part of his foot on the substitute for professional medical advice and care. If you have specific needs, please see a professional health other. care provider. Working with Brian Rammell, CO at Northern Prosthetics & Orthotics, he has acquired accommodative footwear and inserts to protect his feet. A nurse calls him every 3 months to check on him and give him any new information. He also visits his 42 FALL SPRING 20122013
117 Academy Street Presque Isle, ME 04769 Tel: 207-768-5348 877-682-9055 northernprosthetics.com
Diabetic Footwear • Sports Bracing • Cranial Helments • AFO’s, KAFO’s Upper & Lower Extremity Prothethics • Complete In-House Fabrication
AROOSTOOK TECHNOLOGIES INC.
4 AIRPORT DRIVE PRESQUE ISLE, ME 04769 207.762.9321
COMPUTER SALES & REPAIR WIRELESS INTERNET SERVING RESIDENTIAL & BUSINESS CUSTOMERS www.aroostooktechnologies.com
Photo © 2013 Carly Rodgers, email@example.com
Community People,Quality Healthcare 498-3111 • 1-800-858-2279 • FAX 496-2631 www.CaryMedicalCenter.org Cary is an equal opportunity provider
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Our Maine Street
Voices Community High School
WHO WE ARE
We are Community High Schoolâ€™s Youth Voices Group in Fort Kent, Maine. We are a group consisting of youth and one advisor who work on prevention strategies in our school and our communities to decrease the amount of substance abuse in our area. Our group works hard to educate our peers on the dangers of substances as well as inform the community what they can do to help make our town safer.
Since we know first hand how difficult it can be to talk with your child(after-all we are one) we thought we would answer any questions you may have as a parent in regard to substance abuse and what you as a parent can do to help your child. Please send your questions to firstname.lastname@example.org with Subject title: Parent Question.
Bottom Row: Jordan Tanguay, Rudy Martin, Jenna Lynds, Kenadi Labbe, Kaye Lozier, Emily Charette, Chase Labbe, Joseph Thibodeau- Oakes, Trever Dubois Top Row: Advisor Heather Smith, Robert(RJ) Sirois, Melanie Saucier, Jared Michaud, Keianna Sirois, 46Crystal WINTER 2013Cassidy Chouinard Bouley,
The following are some typical questions: Q: What do I do if I suspect my child is drinking or using another drug? A: As a teenager, I know that we hate to be accused of things that aren’t true. We respect a direct, honest approach, so do just that. If you suspect your child is drinking, it may work best if you just come out and ask them directly. Don’t condemn them or be judgemental -- get to the facts of the matter.Talk to your child. Set limits and rules. Have an open conversation about abusing substances with your child. If you know your child has tried alcohol, address it directly and positively. Turn it into a learning experience. Use it as an opportunity to help them learn from mistakes and make better decisions in the future. Q: Who do I report an underage drinking party to? A: Please contact your local police station or call 1-800-924-2261. Q: I think my child’s friends are a bad influence on him/her. What can I do as a parent to prevent my child from making bad choices and follow his/her friends? A: Okay, so this child most likely comes to your house with your child talking about the wild party that they went to this weekend, and how they got totally wasted. Your child laughs along and acts like there is nothing wrong with this and assures you that the person isn’t as bad as they seem. First, you need to make your child feel like you trust them, and you should be able to a little unless you already have reason not to. You also need to make sure that they trust you. Ask your child why they are friends with this person. Make sure you know the details before calling them out. It’s hard to tell your kid that they can’t hang out with their friends, so just make sure that they are cautious. You should also tell your child that you think that their friend is not a good influence, it’s good to be honest with them and tell them how you feel. Just be sure to stay optimistic about this friend, because they might surprise you with how loyal a true friend can be.
394 Main Street Presque Isle, ME. 207-764-1255
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477 Main Street Tel: 207.540.1444 Presque Isle, Me 04769 Cel: 207.551.5100
Morning Star Art & Framing
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SPRING 2013 47
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4 Epworth St Presque Isle, Me 207.762.6500
Q: I noticed the 6-pack of beer missing in my refrigerator. I have a feeling it was my child who took it. How do I find out if it was them? How can I talk to them about this? A: The fridge! The easiest place for kids to get alcohol. A lot of times parents don’t keep track of the amount of alcohol they have on hand and/or the amount that is gone or misplaced. So kudos to you for noticing! I think the best way to speak to your child about this is to just let them know that you realized there was alcohol missing. Just nonchalantly mention it at dinner or anytime that is convenient for you and your family, and again start a direct conversation with them. If you feel like you cannot trust your child then lock it up or put it somewheres you know they will not be able to get it. Q: How can I get my child to trust me and talk with me openly about drugs & alcohol?
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A: I think it is important to be honest and open with them, and talk with them directly about it. I also think that it is important to let them know that they do not need to do drugs or drink in order to have fun. In order to gain trust with your child, it is important to make it fun. Do things with your child that you know they enjoy. When they are in a pleasant atmosphere it can make it easier for them to relax. It is also important to be a good role-model and act the way you would want your child to act. It is also important not to judge them or blame them for anything they may tell you. The minute they feel like you are accusing is when they will shut down. It is also key to be a parent and not their friend. It is important to have a conversation with your child about your expectations and your rules. Ask questions, such as “Who are you going with, what are you doing, when will you be home? and give a time frame. Technology makes it easy to stay in contact with your child, but it also makes it easier for them to make plans.
Photo © 2013 Janet McLaughlin SPRING 2013
Photo © 2013 JROgden Photography
CARIBOU AREA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 657 MAIN ST, STE 1 CARIBOU, MAINE 04736 800 722.7648 207 498.6156 WWW.CARIBOUMAINE.NET
CENTRAL AROOSTOOK CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 3 HOULTON RD PRESQUE ISLE, MAINE 04769 207 764.6561
FORT FAIRFIELD CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 18 COMMUNITY CENTER DRIVE FORT FAIRFIELD, MAINE 04742 207 472.3802 WWW.FORTCC.ORG
GREATER FORT KENT CHAMBER OF COMMERCE P.O. BOX 430, 291 WEST MAIN ST FORT KENT, MAINE 04743 207 834.5354 WWW.FORTKENTCHAMBER.COM
GREATER HOULTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 109 MAIN ST HOULTON, MAINE 04730 207 532.4216 WWW.GREATERHOULTON.COM
GREATER MADAWASKA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE P.O. BOX 144, 356 MAIN ST MADAWASKA, MAINE 04756 207 728-7000 WWW.GREATERMADAWASKACHAMBER.COM
GREATER VAN BUREN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 51 MAIN ST, STE 101 VAN BUREN, MAINE 04785 207 868.5059 WWW.VANBURENMAINE..COM
LIMESTONE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 93 MAIN ST LIMESTONE, MAINE 04750 207 325.4704 WWW.LIMESTONEMAINE.ORG
UMFK Grads Have According to a recent report issued by the nationallyrecognized U.S. News & World Report, recent graduates of the University of Maine at Fort Kent carry the least amount of average education debt upon graduation than any public college or university in the nation. The average debt load for a 2011 UMFK graduate was a miserly $9,505. UMFK was included among a listing of the top 10 colleges where borrowers owed an average of about $10,000, or less, at graduation. UMFK was the top-rated public higher education institution on the U.S. News “Short List” of 10 Colleges Where Graduates Have the Least Debt. The list also included such venerable institutions as Princeton and Yale universities. Nation-wide, sixty-eight percent of graduates in the class of 2011 borrowed to help pay for college, according to data reported by 1,033 ranked colleges in a 2012 U.S.
News survey. On average, those students had $26,220 in debt. The debt data used in these calculations include loans taken out by students from colleges, financial institutions, and federal, state, and local governments, and exclude any loans taken by parents. “At a time when we read about college graduates being burdened with debt, it is refreshing to see firm evidence that Maine’s public universities offer affordable pathways to a bachelor’s degree and economic opportunity. The low debt of UMFK graduates shows what a great value and tremendous return on investment a UMFK education is,” said President Wilson G. Hess. U.S. News surveyed more than 1,800 colleges and universities for its 2012 survey of undergraduate programs. Schools self-reported a myriad of data regarding their academic programs and the makeup of their student body, among other areas. While U.S. News uses much of the survey data to rank schools for its annual Best Colleges
the Least Debt
By The University of Maine at Fort Kent
rankings, the data also can be useful when examined on a smaller scale. In September, UMFK once again was ranked among the top 15 public colleges in the North, according to the 2013 edition of U.S. News & World Reportâ€™s Best Regional Colleges. The U.S. News Short List is a regular series that magnifies individual data points in hopes of providing prospective students and parents a way to find which undergraduate or graduate programs excel or have room to grow in specific areas. U.S. News now produces lists of data, separate from the overall rankings, meant to provide students and parents a means by which to find which schools excel, or have room to grow, in specific areas that are important to them.
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231 Conant Road Fort Fairfield, Me 04742 Tel: 207.551.1158 email@example.com
Photo © 2013 JROgden Photography 54
Now there is a better way to receive your medications. I Care Pharmacy is your mail order discount pharmacy located in the Crown of Maine. Anthem clients, we can ﬁll your 90-day maintenance prescriptions! MaineCare clients, you may be eligible for no co-pays. Always friendly and personal hometown service. It’s easy, aﬀordable and proven! St 227 Main Street, Fort Fairﬁeld, ME 888-422-7319 207-472-1302 www.i-carepharmacy.com
Babin’s Grocery Outlet 358 Main St Saint Agatha, ME 04772 207 543-9369
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Intricate Photography firstname.lastname@example.org
Advanced, Comprehensive Breast Care For Women in Aroostook County by Tamra Kilcollins With the focus on patient comfort, convenience, and privacy, the new Women’s Imaging Center at Cary Medical Center features the most advanced diagnostic mammography services in Northern Maine, including the addition of state-of-the-art digital mammography and stereotactic breast biopsy systems, and a unique Patient Navigator Service. According to Dr. Shawn Laferriere, Medical Director of Radiology at Cary Medical Center, the Women’s Imaging Center features the Siemens Mammomat Inspiration FullField Digital Mammography, and Siemens MammoTest Stereotactic Breast Biopsy Systems. The Mammomat Inspiration offers digital screening and diagnostic mammography producing excellent image quality using industry leading technology designed to minimize the patient’s radiation dose and exposure time. There currently is no other unit of its kind north of Boston. 58
“The hospital’s purchase of the Siemens Mammomat Inspiration represents our dedication to using the highest quality full-field digital mammography system,” Laferriere said. “We are also very proud to bring the first fully digital, fixed-base stereotactic biopsy system to Cary and Aroostook County,” Laferriere continued. “The new breast biopsy system allows for a minimally invasive procedure with increased patient comfort and has the ability of identifying the smallest calcifications, allowing for a more precise and efficient diagnosis,” he explained. “With our existing breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging, (MRI) and breast ultrasound testing capabilities, the addition of our new equipment provides our patients with the most advanced breast diagnostic services in Aroostook County.” The Center’s specialty trained mammography team also
engages patients in a “navigation process” helping women through their procedures whether a routine screening mammogram or a diagnostic exam, making sure the patient has the best possible experience with support from her medical team. “Our new patient navigator program is designed to enhance access to all aspects of breast care at Cary by helping to provide more efficient delivery of care, improved sharing of resources, and removal of barriers to care, all through enhanced relationships with each of our patients,” explained Leslie Anderson, PT, MSB, Manager of Imaging and Rehabilitation Services at Cary. “Our goal has been to not only bring advanced state-of-the-art technologies to Northern Maine, but to also create an overall breast care program designed at improving the coordination of high quality breast care. This means providing same-day diagnostic or follow-up mammography results for our patients, with the opportunity to meet with one of our radiologists and review their exam one-on-one, so that each patient understands their results before they leave the center.” Complementing the new technology, the Center provides a “spa” like atmosphere with a private waiting area featuring a unique “Water Wall,” to enhance a relaxing, calming and peaceful patient experience. The Center also features private changing rooms with personal lockable armoires. “We held our formal Open House in February and the initial response to the new Imaging Center has been just what we had hoped, ‘WOW,” Anderson said. “Of all the things that patients are saying about the Center, one of the best things I’ve heard so far is, ‘I feel so respected here.’ Many patients have commented on how beautiful the waiting area is and that it really does feel like they are in a spa. And, I have had a number of women come to me and say that they can’t wait until they have their mammogram,” she commented. “Our Center really sets a new standard for women’s imaging services in Northern Maine,” Laferriere added. “And, our dedicated team of radiologists, pathologists, surgeons and primary care physicians are all working together in a cohesive way, with only one goal in mind, the best care for our patients.” The $800,000 hospital project was funded through a capital campaign project by the Jefferson Cary Foundation. The new Center opened in December, 2012, with generous SPRING 2013
donations totaling just over $780,000 from several sources, including both Cary and Pines Health Services employees, volunteers, and board members; the Cary Ladies Auxiliary, the Foundation, and many corporate/community donations. “We are so proud and humbled by the generosity and support for this project by our Cary and Pines families, all of the local civic groups, corporate and individual donors and local community, ” said Kris Doody, RN, MSB, Cary Chief Executive Officer. “Early detection of breast cancer with regular mammogram screenings is so critical for our patients. The time was right for the hospital to raise the bar in making these advanced services available to them.” Cary Medical Center is a 65-bed general acute
“Of all the things that patients are saying about the Center, one of the best things I’ve heard so far is, ‘I feel so respected here,” Anderson said. “Many patients have commented on how beautiful the waiting area is and that it really does feel like they are in a spa. And, I have had a number of women come to me and say that they can’t wait until they have their mammogram.” care hospital located in Caribou, Maine. The hospital offers comprehensive in-patient and out-patient services, and works closely with Pines Health Services, a Federally Qualified Health Center based in Caribou with satellite locations in Van Buren and Presque Isle, and soon to open clinics in Fort Fairfield and Washburn. The Cary Medical Center campus is the site of the first VA Community Based Outpatient Clinic in the nation. The Maine Veterans Home and Residential Care Center are also located on the hospital’s campus. The Jefferson Cary Foundation is a nonprofit charitable foundation established in 1993, named after Dr. Jefferson B. Cary whose charitable bequest funded the original Cary Memorial Hospital, now known as Cary Medical Center. The purpose of the Foundation is to establish a permanent fund, commonly called an endowment fund, to generate income to support the expansion of services, purchase new technology, and fund special projects at Cary Medical Center. 60
5 McGillan Drive Fort Fairfield, Maine 207 473-4097 mcgillaninc.com
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Our Maine Street SPRING 2013
Photos ÂŠ 2013 Janet McLaughlin
Mountain Heights Health Care Facility Long Term Care Skilled Rehab PT/OT 83 Houlton Rd Patten, ME 04765 207 528-2200
Falling in Love with the Caribou Area All Over Again By William J. Tasker I started my love affair with the Caribou area soon after I moved here in July of 1990. Though I initially moved to Perham, Caribou was where we shopped and during one of my first English classes at the University of Maine in Presque Isle, I needed to write a report on anything of my own choosing. I decided to write about the history of Caribou. I can’t even remember why I chose the topic. But I am sure glad I did. I soon discovered that I loved research and the history I found was amazing to me.
started making books and developed the Pioneer Homes series that looked at the old houses in our local cities and towns. Of course, Caribou was my first one. I ended up writing seven and another book on the old road to Bangor. The books were successful. The business was not.
Knowing in my heart that my little publishing engine was not going to climb up the big hill, I kept my eyes open for the right opportunity. For four years, it did not come. It did not seem that the area had much need for a longI had never considered that the history here started as haired, overfed, management type. I started to lose hope a pioneer life no less than those who trekked off to the and considered moving out of the area and I really did not west via the Oregon Trail. I marveled at the ingenuity, want that. perseverance and vision the early pioneers of this area needed to carve a community out of virgin forests. My Then I saw the ad for the Director position at the Caribou little opus still can be found in the UMPI library. A love Area Chamber of Commerce. Perfect! The job fit me like a glove and I was hired. And I am having a blast at doing affair was in full bloom. this. The new job has rekindled my long love affair with Then, in 1993, came my career at ATX, the little software the area, and I once again have an opportunity to make a company that could. And did. It was a pioneer venture difference for an area I love. so much like the beginnings of the Caribou area. We carved a niche and developed the place into a $40 million The job and this love affair are not without its obstacles. company. I saw it all and, in my humble opinion, was a There is a less-than-silent minority of our folks that are big part in making it happen. pessimistic and I understand. After all, I went through four years of lean times. There are also those who think I was proud to see the people I hired buying homes and of growth as a problem. For example, when ATX was at spending their solid paychecks in the area to the benefit its peak, the only thing we heard from the community of all. I was happy to be a part of something so successful was that we were taking up too many parking spots. Say what!? in an area that needed that kind of success story. It reminds me of a time when I was a member of a fastgrowing and exciting church. At one function, a woman had a haggard look on her face. I asked her if something was wrong. She said, “I liked it better when I knew everybody. I don’t know half of these people. I wish we were still small.” I looked at her and smiled and replied, After my association with the software company ended, I “Isn’t ‘making new disciples’ what we are supposed to be Alas, we were too successful and as happens, were bought by a larger fish which moved most of the operations to Georgia. The buyer asked me to reprise my role in Georgia. I probably threw a lot of money away, but I stayed. It would be a decision I questioned for four years.
WINTER SPRING 2013 2013
doing?” “Growth” is not a bad word. I think some people associate growth with that urban renewal thing that happened to downtown Caribou and I get that. But growth simply means becoming what we can and are supposed to be. It means taking advantage of our natural beauty to attract visitors. It means turning some of those visitors into people that can spark others to move and start a life (and business) here. It was that word of mouth thing that organically grew the area back in the pioneer days. Despite the occasional pessimism I hear, my message is optimism. As I visit our members and organizations, I find incredible things going on here in the Caribou area. We have the largest accounting firm north of Bangor. We have the tenth largest credit union in the state. We have a manufacturer that ships worldwide every single day and is one of only 25 companies in the world that do what they do. We have an organization that has been helping people since 1883. We have a gift shop that was the first to sell Troll Beads in the state of Maine. We have businesses that have adapted with the times to survive and thrive 30, 50, 100 and 150 years after they began. Cool things are happening here. It is my job to tell their stories. I am doing so on our Facebook page and in weekly newspaper columns. I want to have others see the strengths of our area like I do. These strengths are marketable and simply need to be discovered by tourism and by businesses that could find a great home here. There are obstacles and it won’t happen overnight and there will be some tough decisions to make. But they will be worth it if we put on our 3-D glasses and look at things in a new way. I see vision in new leaders like Gary Aiken and Austin Bleess. I see vision in what Richard Cilley is doing with the Caribou Historical Center. I see the Caribou Library evolving with the times with a parking lot full most of the time. What do you think of this new slogan: “Caribou, the coolest city in America.” Kate McCartney coined it. I love it. Let’s do it. And for those of you who think my enthusiasm will dampen in light of our realities, you don’t know me very well.
Your “LOCAL” choice for payroll processing Curt Paterson President email@example.com
P.O. Box 189 Presque Isle, Me 04769-0189 Tel: (207) 764-6945 Fax: (207) 433-1099
WINTER SPRING 2013 2013
Before Black Fly Season... by Skyla Hamilton
Welcome to the St. John Valley, where your source of yearround outdoor adventure starts here. Wondering what to do in the shoulder months when you’ve put the snowmobile, skis, and ice fishing equipment away. Well in the Crown of Maine we say get outside before the black flies start arriving and carry you away.
If four wheeling does not stimulate you, then maybe mountain biking will turn you on. With trails leaving from the doorstep of 10th Mountain Lodge into the neighboring forest, we can help select the right bike trip for you – whether you’re a beginner or advanced rider. There are trails which will keep you entertained for hours. Come on up and check out the trail system and get on out and master the Historically this area has been dominated by people who art of mountain biking while checking out the wilderness of moved to this region to work, explore, and persevere Northern Maine. in the wilderness of Northern Maine. These hearty folk forged out a living while working within the elements Skinny tires and logging many miles might be what your that naturally occur in the Greater Fort Kent Area. Our heart, desires both literally and figuratively. Within the forefathers navigated the natural trail systems on their own Saint John Valley there are extensive road networks that you two feet, horses, and by rail. Overtime the railways and can travel on all across the County. Many people enjoy carriage trails have been converted into a vast trail system riding on r\Route 11, a scenic highway, where as others may that now can be navigated by the methods of yesteryear or enjoy nice loops and sections of roads that parallel many of the modern machinery of today. our pristine lakes and valleys. Now you can act like a local by bringing multiple modes of transportation to the valley to keep you entertained throughout mud season. We have endless amounts of ATV trails, top quality road biking and mountain biking trails, or go take a hike in one of our many parks and local mountains.
Maybe you should just “go take a hike.” The Greater Fort Kent Area is blessed with many mountains and trails that allow you to migrate through thousands of acres of our natural forested lands. Catch breathtaking vistas on the tops of mountains located within the valley. Pack a lunch and Haystack, Hedgehog, and Deboule mountains are just a few hikes located within a quick drive. You can unlock Staying at any one of our B & B’s, lodges, camps, or hotels the magic of changing one’s perspective just by climbing to the trails generally lead right off from the driveway. With the pinnacle to see the view. over 2,300 miles of trail networking, which cater from the novice to the expert a person can enter the system in No matter what tickles your fancy, the best thing to do in Allagash and ride clear across The County to Fort Fairfield the Fort Kent area is to get on outside and soak up the passing by lakes, streams, and the occasional potato fields. spring weather. So get on your bike, ATV, or grab your old hiking boots out of the attic and get outside. There are Join the moose, deer, and other wildlife as you ride your so many beautiful sights and scenery to take in around the own ATV in and around the Saint John Valley. Whether valley that you will never get bored. Heed this warning, taking a half or a full-day ride, you’ll want your camera take your time riding the trails and you might come home to help you remember the beautiful scenery and wildlife. with something to treasure for a lifetime other than the pure Right now is the perfect time to view wildlife while riding. experience of being out in the vast wilderness in the Crown It is mating season for many fowl, and smaller mammals. of Maine. The larger ones will be birthing in the coming months so be sure to give animals a wide girth if an encounter ensues, if There are many ATV rentals available throughout the Greater not, mama bear or moose may come closer than you would Fort Kent Area. Check out the Greater Fort Kent Area like. Also, this is prime time of year for shed hunting. Lots Chamber of Commerce website: www.fortkentchamber. of animals have dropped their antlers and with the melting com for more information regarding rentals, trail maps, and snow they can be easier to spot. riding opportunities in and around the Saint John Valley! 66
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Our Maine Street
Chamber Honors Outstanding Business and Citizens in Central Aroostook Early each year the Central Aroostook Chamber of Commerce recognizes individuals, organizations and businesses that have contributed to the area and improved the lives of those around them. This celebration provides an opportunity to thank and celebrate with the award recipients. The most recent recipients were honored on January 24 during a lovely evening including a slideshow of photography by Oscar Nelder (Voscar) and musical selections recorded by the Presque Isle Recorder Consort. This was particularly fitting since Voscar and Jan & Evelyn Kok, talented local musicians who are members of the P.I. Recorder Consort, were among those honored during the festivities.
Evelyn & Jan Kok
Evelyn & Jan, longtime residents of Presque Isle, were recognized for their contributions to the musical and visual arts. The Koks moved to Presque Isle in 1952 when Jan was hired as a professor of music at the Aroostook State Teachers College, forerunner of the University of Maine at Presque Isle. He also taught voice at the college. Evelyn was hired as a librarian, although she was an experienced medical illustrator. Jan & Evelyn, both extremely talented musicians, play a variety of instruments from the recorder to keyboards and stringed instruments. Jan & Evelyn visited elementary schools readily to provide a special combination of entertainment and education for the students. Jan established a number of musical groups over the years, while Evelyn gave painting and guitar lessons. Evelyn has composed a number of memorable songs exhibiting her joy of life. Jan directed the Kiwanis Talent Revue for over 50 years, giving freely of his time and talent. The Koks continue to gather their friends to make music. Sharing the honors for the Lifetime Achievement Award for 2013 was Oscar Nelder, better known locally as “Voscar,” was also recognized for his contributions to the region. Known as the photographer of Presque Isle’s history, Voscar started his career in 1949 at WAGM Radio. Always interested in art, he attended Oscar Nelder - “Voscar”
New York Institute of Photography in 1954, returning to Presque Isle to open his own photography studio while hosting a children’s television show. Voscar went on to work as a reporter and photographer for Bangor Daily News then returned to WAGM as the editor for both television and radio. In addition to the vast array of photographs Voscar has taken, he has produced and filmed a number of local documentaries. It is unusual to see Voscar without his camera, still recording the lives, places and faces of Aroostook County. Floyd Rockholt, owner of Eagle Hill Stamp and Coin, was honored as Citizen of the Year. Floyd has operated his business for approximately 30 years and maintains that it is his duty to give back to the community that has supported him throughout Floyd Rockholt the years. He is past president of Presque Isle Rotary, serves on the boards of Healthy Families of Aroostook and the Central Aroostook Chamber of Commerce, and participates in a bowling league and a collectors group. In addition Floyd encourages others in the world of collecting and trading coins, cards and other items. Floyd gives freely of his time and talents to anyone who asks. He quietly assists in a number of areas both locally and abroad. The Aroostook Medical Center, celebrating its 100th Anniversary throughout 2012, was named Business of the Year. They embraced the local communitities as they celebrated, with activiThe Aroostook Medical Center ties such as a parade, a community picnic, and much more. TAMC plays a major role in central Aroostook County, both as the major employer in the region and provider of healthcare services not always available in rural communities. TAMC is involved in and supportive of many area clubs and organizations as well as a number of national, state and regional organizations. Constantly striving to provide the latest in medical services, TAMC also is an innovator in savings. In 2012 they became the first hospital in the State of Maine to convert from No.2 fuel oil to compressed natural gas, which will generate a savings of approximately $500,000 per year. Overall, it was an incredibly enjoyable evening, with more than 180 people on hand to celebrate the honorees.
Citizen of the Year
Business of the Year
Spring in The County Spring in Aroostook County brings renewal and a freshness that speaks of new life. The trees, shrubs and other plants are budding with excitement. Birds are singing and building nests. Streams, rivers and lakes have shed their winter coats of ice and are bubbling with high water levels, ready for the boating and fishing enthusiasts.
their mothersâ€™ protectiveness are interesting to watch from a safe distance. It is necessary to be alert to animals on the road at all times and spring just brings new challenges as fowl lead their young from one location to another heedless of the roads they are crossing.
Maple sugar-bushes are opening to share the natural delights brought on by warm days and cool nights. If you have not been to a maple sugar bush, the experience is educational and a treat for all your senses. There are several maple syrup producers in Central Aroostook County. Most of them start production around midMarch and close before the end of April. Hurry out to get fresh maple syrup and enjoy a taffy pull or other event around the sugar-bush.
May is a great time to get out in your boats for the first time this year. The water is generally fast and high so there are some challenges and the sun provides warmth enough to make it a pleasant and fun adventure. There are facilities that rent boats and kayaks so if you are visiting or want to experiment with the sport now is the time to take advantage of the many streams, rivers and lakes in Central Aroostook County.
April will see the beginning of land preparation for new crops. The smell of fresh soil and the promise of rich harvests will be in the air. The speed with which a seed turns to a green plant is always amazing. If the weather is right you can almost see the crops grow before your eyes. The warmer days of May will bring a less frantic pace as crops should be in and the nurturing will be underway. Forestry operations will be entering full production season so it may be possible to drive down a road and enjoy the aroma of balsam fir or pine. Fawn, bear cubs, fox kits and a number of other young will be exploring the world for the first time. Their curiosity and
June brings the beginning of the lazy days of summer. Apple blossoms, lupines, lilacs and more fill the air with their scent. Warm days and cool evenings bring forth the richness of the area. The rolling green hills, crops filling fields, big skies full of sun and other stars at night provide a tranquil experience to energize us all before the business of summer. Come visit us in Central Aroostook County or if you are a resident, take time to enjoy some of the many reasons we all like to call â€œthe Countyâ€?, home!
Through the Eyes of a Child by Sandra Voisine Professional Home Nursing
There is no doubt at this time of year; spring is coming which means warmer weather, melting snow, and longer hours of daylight for us to be even busier in our day to day lives. The hustle and bustle of daily life sometimes leaves us tired and stressed with so many things to do but never enough time to accomplish it all! In this day of modern technology, everything has become so fast paced that we sometimes lose sight of the simple pleasures in life. Springtime has a different meaning for people who live in northern Maine, winter is not quite done with us but there is hope. For adults, a spring snowstorm means more shoveling, snow-blowing or plowing, and a difficult commute to work on slippery roads. A child sees a wonderland of fun, watching each breath float like a miniature cloud on a frosty morning, or trying to catch a snowflake on the end of their tongue. The day becomes a chance to build one more snowman or create another snow angel. Sledding down a large hill is an exciting adventure on a snowy day. A snow fort is another possibility and just imagine how many snowballs can be made with all the wet springtime snow! In the distance, the roll of thunder and the flash of lightening signals a storm is brewing. What an inconvenience it would be if it caused a power outage and ruined a dinner party with all that uncooked food in the electric oven. The cash registers at the store will not work without power either, making it difficult to hurry in for that gallon of milk or loaf of bread before going home. Maybe the rain will come down so hard it will destroy an early planted vegetable garden with its tender new sprouts. Or the wind may blow so hard it will damage the newly potted flowers hanging from the porch. A child does not think of those things. A child sees the wonder and beauty of nature’s power in the sky. The lightening with its brilliant flash of fire and the loud bang and boom of the thunder in the distance as it comes closer are a mystery to a small child. An evening without power becomes a night of storytelling with flashlights to dispel the darkness. Maybe if we take a moment, we can remember those same wonders through the eyes of a child.
Let us not forget about the melting snow and what a mess it makes! Water running everywhere, creating puddles and mud that gets tracked into our homes and businesses making more work to keep our floors and carpets clean. It can become an inconvenience and expense to go through the car wash more often due to the mud splatters from daily commutes to work and home. But a child sees great opportunity for fun. A pair of rubber boots on a small child brings lots of joy for splashing in the puddles and making footprints through the mud. Then back into the water puddle to wash it all off and start again. The laughter of a child playing outdoors is truly worth listening to. Maybe each day, we should take a moment to enjoy life’s simple pleasures, “stop and smell the roses“as the adage goes. Look past the wet mittens and snowy boots clomping into the house and see the laughing child with the shining eyes and rosy cheeks and remember yourself as a child. The power outage won’t ruin the vegetable platter and adding extra candles to the ones already strategically placed will still look beautiful. Create a unique surprise for dinner party guests by making peanut butter and jelly sandwiches. Cut them into small individual bite sized pieces of different shapes for appetizers. You might be the one surprised when you hear the conversations begin with childhood memories as the topic. Put on that old pair of rubber boots from the closet and take a walk through those puddles outside. It is amazing what a few minutes of simple fun can do to lower blood pressure or relieve stress and tension. Spring is a wonderful time of year for renewal, new growth, new beginnings and the end of a long winter. Each of us look forward to this time and begin planning our summers of gardening, yard work, and vacations. Maybe this year, some time can be set aside for simple pleasures, a walk in the rain (or puddles) or sitting on the porch to watch the clouds drifting across the bright summer sky. No matter which season we are in or what the weather is like, if only for a moment we can slow down and see life through the eyes of a child.
392 Main Street Madawaska, ME 04756 207.728.3707 907 Presque Isle Road Caribou, ME 04736 207.498.3790
178 West Main Street Fort Kent, ME 04743 207.834.6544
As the snow recedes, wildlife make their way from their winter homes. What a great time to view natureâ€™s creatures big and small!
Have some fun in the mud! Spring is a great time to go ATVing on our many trails.
Photos ÂŠ 2013 Janet McLaughlin SPRING 2013 71
Photo Copyright ÂŠ 2013 Gene Cyr, Washburn, northernmainepictures.com 72
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NMCC Adds Impressive New When the wind power technology program first began at Northern Maine Community College in 2009, it was an exciting addition to the College’s academic inventory. The first program of its kind in New England, it underscored NMCC’s ability to respond to community needs and to be in the forefront of technological training. That excitement carried over in 2010 and 2011 with generous donations of $1.25 million by a private donor to support renewable energy efforts at the College. The funds were used to help establish the Northern Maine Center for Excellence in Alternative Energy Training and Education and to provide instructional equipment for programs and courses involving renewable energy, particularly wind power. It was funds from this gift that allowed the College to purchase the largest teaching tool in its 50 year history. The newest addition to the wind power program was delivered to campus in November, 2012. An 18,000 pound nacelle and rotor assembly from a wind turbine that was previously operating in Denmark will now play a pivotal role in the training of NMCC wind power students.
“Having a major piece of equipment like this was a dream for all of us involved in the planning and creation of the wind power program,” said NMCC President Tim Crowley. “Our wind power program is already a leader in New England, and this equipment will further advance the program and most importantly, the knowledge and skills of our students.” By eliminating the tower and blades, the 12-year-old Vestas V-25 200 kW nacelle assembly fits into the wind power lab, where it has been mounted on a stand to simulate a tower. The nacelle houses the generator and controls of a wind turbine responsible for its operation. In physical size, NMCC’s new unit is about 2/3 the size of the nacelle on the University of Maine at Presque Isle’s 600 kW tower and much larger than the nacelle of the 10 kW tower operated at NMCC’s alternative energy center. Besides the obvious benefits of allowing the students to work with the equipment regardless
From left: The nacelle unit arrives at NMCC after being shipped from Denmark, including the rotor assembly; wind power instructor Wayne Kilcollins; students climb the 10 kW tower at NMCC’s alternative energy center.
Teaching Tool in Wind Power of weather conditions and without having to first climb 150 to 200 feet in the air, there are many other opportunities that will be realized with this equipment, according to wind power instructor Wayne Kilcollins. “With this unit, students have the opportunity to observe and interact with a complete system, instead of just the sub-systems they experience on the current trainers. This gives them the perspective of a fully functional system, so they can see how changing something makes it not work or work differently,” said Kilcollins. Although the students previously had the opportunity to climb the UMPI tower to view the inside of the nacelle, the turbine needed to be turned off before they could access it. They could view the systems but not touch them, and they had to limit their time, since their presence meant the University was losing valuable production time. Kilcollins still plans to have his students climb the UMPI tower, so that they can view the 600 kW system, but having the 200 kW system in his lab allows time to troubleshoot. “The students will have the time to get in it and really work through it and understand it. They can do maintenance and troubleshooting. They can see how it works normally, and then I can change things up so they see the types of things they may encounter in the field. They will then look at elec-
From left: NMCC students work to refurbish and reassemble the nacelle unit; the completed unit (minus the rotor assembly) on its stand in the wind power lab.
trical and hydraulic schematics and troubleshoot the problems,” explained Kilcollins. Another advantage is having the whole class be able to view things while a student is performing a task, rather than just one or two students at a time climbing with Kilcollins up the NMCC 10 kW tower to see something. This also allows for a group discussion of systems. “It’s great for equipment safety, too. I can show them items in a controlled environment. They can also practice rescuing someone from the side of the nacelle close to the ground rather than 200 feet in the air,” said Kilcollins. NMCC searched for about three years to find a unit that would meet all of their needs and be in an acceptable price range. Since its arrival on campus in November, students have been hard at work getting it ready to become operational. Wind power students took it apart, cleaning and replacing components as needed. Automotive collision repair students also got involved in the process, painting the exterior surfaces of the nacelle and rotor assembly of the unit. In March, the students completed reassembly the nacelle. The College will have an open house in the wind power lab on April 8 to showcase this new equipment. Faculty, staff and students at NMCC are looking forward to sharing the excitement surrounding the wind power program.
RHANDS ESEARCH AND ON LEARNING
A MAJOR THEME FOR UMPI
THIS SPRING AND SUMMER
he University of Maine at Presque Isle has been working diligently to bring the arts, emerging
supply of qualified graduates for biotechnology sector employment in the state of Maine. The UMPI team leading this effort
trends in science, and research sharing opportunities to campus and community members during the
includes Dr. Scott Dobrin, Dr. Rachael Hannah, and Dr. Judith Roe, all Assistant Professors of Biology; and Dr. Linda Graves,
spring and summer of through some very exciting grant projects, student and panel presentations, and even a couple of book readings. The University is pleased to be partnering with the Wintergreen Arts Center on a $, Maine Arts Commission Creative Communities = Economic Development grant [CCED]. The grant funds will be used to develop the second and third floors of State Street into an UMPI downtown art gallery and an emerging artists’ studio space, both overseen by UMPI. With Wintergreen located on the first floor of the building, this will create a new downtown cultural campus, with three floors of arts-based activities that are expected to have a significant impact on the community’s revitalization efforts. The cultural campus will create a location of excellence that attracts leaders to the local community, integrates the University into the downtown district, and becomes an avenue for student engage-
Co-Director of the Medical Laboratory Technology [MLT] Program of Maine. They expect the project to result in increased grad school and job placement for UMPI graduates and a much more tech savvy workforce that may open new opportunities for the local economy. In March, UMPI was pleased to welcome campus and community members for several events connected with Women’s History Month. The Reed Fine Art Gallery hosted a monthlong celebration of The County Woman that included the art exhibit Vera (it opened
ment and community development. Construction on the project is expected to begin this summer. A team of professors at the University also received a $,
journal of the same name, a panel presentation, and two art receptions. Several women artists and
Maine Economic Improvement Fund grant that will allow them to focus efforts on preparing students for emerging trends and careers in the biomedical research and healthcare industries. The overarching goal of the project, titled Developing Maine’s Future Biomedical Work Force, is to increase the
on March and runs until April ), a literary
writers were invited to share their work through the art exhibit and literary journal. They were provided access to the archives of the Mark and Emily Turner Memorial Library, the Vera Estey House, and the Presque Isle Historical Society to inform their artistic practice. With the spirit of local historical figure Vera Estey as their muse, the written and visual work they created explored issues around gender, local history, and personal legacy. A select group of the writers and artists were on hand March for a special panel discussion about their work. The final component of the month-long celebration involved two special art receptions.
The first was held at the Reed Gallery on March to showcase the Vera artists. A second reception is being held at the Reed on Friday, April from - .. to showcase the Vera writers. The public is invited to attend this free event; refreshments will be served. In mid-April, the University brings student work front and center during its annual University Day. The theme of this year’s event is TH
Linking Generations through Teaching and Learning. Activities kick off on Tuesday,
UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT
North of Ordinary
One of Maine’s Public Universities WWW.UMPI.EDU
niversity Distinguished Lecturer Series
April with a Distinguished Lecture at .. in the Campus Center by Dr. Richard Keeling, co-author of We’re Losing Our Minds: Rethinking Higher Education. Dr. Keeling will discuss student learning and brain development and what the latest research in these areas means for higher education. The following day, from about .. to .., more than students are expected to offer talks and presentations on their research and community service. A complete schedule of University Day activities can be found at www.umpi.edu/uday. In an effort to share scholarly and creative writing with the community, the University hosted a book reading by one of its faculty members in March and will welcome a well-known novelist to the area for a reading in May. On March , Dr. John Zaborney read from his new book Slaves for Hire: Renting Enslaved Laborers in Antebellum Virginia, published by Louisiana State University Press. In the book, Dr. Zaborney sheds new light on slave labor, suggesting—contrary to popular belief—that the endemic practice of slave renting bolstered the institution of slavery in the decades leading up to the Civil War. On Monday, June , at .. in the Campus Center, the University will host award-winning writer Cathie Pelletier for a reading from her long-anticipated new novel The One-Way Bridge. The book returns readers to the logging town of Mattagash, the scene of several of her novels including The Funeral Makers and The Weight of Winter. The reading is part of The One-Way Bridge international book tour.
PHOTOS • TOP: Dr. Richard Keeling • CENTER RIGHT: Dr. John Zaborney • BOTTOM: Cathie Pelletier
To learn more about these and other exciting things happening at UMPI, visit www.umpi.edu. ★
Photo © 2013 Gene Cyr, Washburn, northernmainepictures.com
C D C D S, DMD
B D L E 1971
207 764-5675, 1 800-764-5675 165 A S. • P I, M 04769 78
Guide for Guys by Kim Jones, Cary Medical Center
It’s been well documented that women generally outlive men – an average of five to seven years longer in the United States according to the Center for Disease Control. In fact, amongst people over 100 years old, 85% of them are women. But while men have been losing the life expectancy game for centuries, there is good news for guys who want to live to a ripe old age.
check-ups. Too often, men wait until they have a serious problem before seeing a healthcare provider. This delay in treatment can lead to complications, which can sometimes be life-threatening. Routine screenings are the best way to detect, manage, and even prevent many illnesses and diseases. Even if you feel fine, it’s important to have regular health check-ups. Risk factors such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol often don’t produce any symptoms. The We know there are uncontrollable factors that affect only way to know for sure if there is a problem is through how our bodies function and age. There is evidence, for medical screenings. instance, that female hormones give women some natural advantage in the prevention of heart disease. But lifestyle For men, the National Institute of Health recommends: and environment, both generally controllable factors, have the greatest influence on a person’s overall health and, Preventive Health Visit therefore, their longevity. Every 2 years until age 50, and then once a year after that. Visit should include: In other words, people are more at risk of an early death -Checking height and weight because of what they do or don’t do rather than what they -Health counseling about physical activity, diet and are biologically. For the average American male, this spells nutrition, safety, substance use, sun exposure, depression, trouble. Consider this: sexual practices, potential occupational exposures, and Cigarette smoking, the leading cause of preventable other healthy lifestyle issues. death in the United States, is more common among men -Screenings depending on age and health status. These may (22%) than women (17%). include blood pressure; cholesterol; cancers of the skin, 70% of American males, compared to 56% of females, are testicles, oral cavity, lymph nodes, and thyroid; prostate overweight or obese. exam; urinalysis; and/or glucose. Men are two times more likely to binge drink than women, and more than double the number of men Blood Pressure Screening (17%) than women will meet the criteria for being alcohol Blood pressure should be checked every 2 years unless it is dependent at some point in their lives. 120-139/80-89 Hg or higher. Then it should be checked Men are three times more likely than women to every year. If you have diabetes, heart disease, kidney drive recklessly, drive while intoxicated, and/or not wear a problems, or certain other conditions, you may need to be seatbelt. Approximately 73% of all people killed in motor monitored more closely. vehicle accidents are male. Men are three times less likely than women to have Cholesterol Screening and Heart Disease Prevention a yearly medical check-up; one in three men have no regular Men over age 34 should be checked every 5 years. If you doctor. have diabetes, heart disease, kidney problems, or certain other conditions, you may need to be monitored more These risky behaviors have undoubtedly contributed to men closely. having higher death rates than women for several of the top 10 leading causes of death, including heart disease, cancer, Colon Cancer Screening accidents, diabetes, kidney disease, and suicide. But all is People between ages 50 and 75 should be screened for not lost for the man who wants to beat the odds. Simple colorectal cancer. This may involve: lifestyle changes can make a significant difference. -A stool test done every year -Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years, along with a stool One of the most important steps a man can take toward occult blood test. living a healthier, longer life is having routine medical -Colonoscopy every 10 years. SPRING 2013
-People with risk factors for colon cancer, such as ulcerative Sources: colitis, a personal or family history of colorectal cancer, or a WebMD: www.women.webmd.com history of large colorectal adenomas may need a colonoscopy United States Center for Disease Control: www.cdc.gov more often. United States National Institute of Health: www.nih.gov www.menshealthmonth.org Dental Exam www.menshealth.com Have a dental exam and cleaning every six months. Healthy You is a free community program from Cary Eye Exam Medical Center that addresses your overall wellbeing If you have no symptoms of vision problems, you should including physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual have your vision checked every five years in your 20s and health. For program information or calendar of events, go 30s, every two years for ages 40 – 65, and every one to two to www.carymedicalcenter.org or call Cary Medical Center’s years after age 65. If you wear glasses, have a family history Public Relations Department at 207.498.1361. of eye disease, or have a chronic condition such as diabetes, you may need to get your eyes checked more frequently. Disclaimer: The information presented in this article is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please Immunizations consult your healthcare provider for health questions and -You should receive a flu vaccine every year. recommendations specific to you. -Your doctor may recommend other vaccinations if you have certain medical conditions, such as diabetes. -You should have a tetanus-diphtheria booster vaccination every 10 years. -You may get a shingles or herpes zoster vaccination once after age 60. Top 10 Leading Causes of Death in the United States Osteoporosis Screening All men ages 50 to 70 with risk factors for osteoporosis should discuss screening with their doctor. 1. Heart Disease Prostate Cancer Screening Men age 50 or older should discuss screening for prostate cancer with their health care provider. African-American men and those with a family history of prostate cancer should discuss screening at age 45. In addition to routine medical check-ups, men can improve their chances of reaching centenarian status with healthy habits that include moderate intensity exercise for at least 30 minutes on most days; eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products; reducing the consumption of red meat, fried foods, and other sources of trans and saturated fats; maintaining a healthy weight (men are considered overweight if their waist measurement is greater than 40 inches); not using tobacco products; getting seven to nine hours of restful sleep each night; effectively managing home and workplace stress; drinking eight glasses of water per day; and engaging in positive social activities like hanging out with friends or volunteering in the community. There is no way to predict how long anyone will live, but certainly people can add years to their life expectancy by making their health a priority. In our culture, men are programmed to think they are strong and capable. When it comes to health, however, toughing it out isn’t usually the best approach; be proactive. Do what you can to prevent health problems before they arise and when something is wrong seek professional help. 80
2. Cancer 3. Chronic Respiratory Disease 4. Stroke 5. Accidents 6. Alzheimer’s Disease 7. Diabetes 8. Kidney Disease 9. Flu and Pneumonia 10. IntentionAL self-harm (suicide)
Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Lyndsey Maynard SPRING 2013 81
Photo ÂŠ 2013 Lyndsey Maynard 82