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PUBLISHED: APRIL 2018 By: Adam Andrzejewski – Founder and CEO of OpenTheBooks.com Thomas W. Smith – Chairman of OpenTheBooks.com “Open the Books is doing the work I envisioned when the Coburn-Obama bill became law. Their innovative app and other tools are putting sunlight through a magnifying glass.” March 11, 2014 Dr. Tom Coburn, Honorary Chairman of OpenTheBooks.com

OUR REPORT MADE POSSIBLE BY: The “Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006” Sponsors: Sen. Tom Coburn (R-OK) & Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) (Public Law 109-282, 109th Congress) “Is the spending in the public interest or the special interest?” – U.S. Sen. Tom Coburn “I know that restoring transparency is not only the surest way to achieve results, but also to earn back the trust in government…” – U.S. Sen. Barack Obama


WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM – PUBLISHED APRIL 2018

Prologue In the private rooms on Capitol Hill, congressional leaders from both parties assure their colleagues there’s nowhere left to cut. They are convinced. Our OpenTheBooks Oversight Report – Where’s the Pork? proves them wrong. As the federal debt surpassed $21 trillion this year, our first annual waste book details 50 examples of wasteful federal grants, costing taxpayers tens of millions of dollars. For example, we uncovered a $183,750 grant funding a virtual reality platform to teach children in China how to cross the street. We found the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) granted $2.5 million to produce “Space Racers,” an animated children’s cartoon. Among the $421 billion in grants awarded by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS): more than $200,000 for a new lubrication for condoms. All told, the federal government doled out 560,771 grants in fiscal year 2016, totaling $583 billion. On average, each grant exceeded more than $1 million. These grants flowed to all sorts of entities including state governments, higher education institutions, nonprofit organizations, for-profit organizations, individuals, and more. Between fiscal years 2014 and 2016, asset-rich Fortune 100 companies received $3.2 billion in grants despite reporting hundreds of billions in revenues. Boeing can’t argue it needed $774 million in federal grants while reporting nearly $95 billion in 2016 annual revenue. In total, 33 Fortune 100 companies received federal grants including General Motors ($454 million) and Lockheed Martin Corporation ($277 million). Meanwhile, some nonprofits depend almost entirely on government money to stay afloat. In its most recent tax docu-

ments, Battelle Memorial Institute reported $4.8 billion in total revenue – and $4.5 billion of it came from government contracts and grants. Simultaneously, Battelle’s CEO pulled down $2.7 million in compensation. Our report provides micro and macro analysis, revealing numerous examples of wasteful grant making – all on the taxpayer dime. Our findings show pork-barrel spending is a bipartisan practice. The top 50 grant-receiving congressional districts are represented by 27 democrats and 23 republicans. Government waste has a long and checkered history. Between 2011 and 2014, our honorary chairman, former Oklahoma Senator Tom Coburn, published an annual “Wastebook.” Coburn’s final edition quantified $30 billion in wasteful spending, including an $856,000 grant to train mountain lions to walk on treadmills. Between 1975 and 1988, former Wisconsin Senator William Proxmire presented monthly Golden Fleece Awards for “wasteful, ridiculous, or ironic use of taxpayers’ money.” Both Coburn and Proxmire exposed the $320-million “Bridge to Nowhere” in Alaska – an infamous example of wasteful spending, even today.

How can we rein in this insanity? Doing so will require vigilant, well-informed taxpayers to demand answers: With $21 trillion in national debt, how can congressional leaders argue there’s nowhere left to cut? Why is the federal government granting taxpayer dollars to asset-rich organizations that don’t need the funding? Why are leaders from both parties participating in these wasteful practices?

Who We Are

American Transparency is a public charity. We do not accept government money. Our oversight reports present hard data without policy recommendations. Our goal is to enhance public discourse with delineated facts. Search our raw data using our interactive map, click here.

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WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM – PUBLISHED APRIL 2018

table of contents TOP 10 TAKEAWAYS......................................................................................................................................... 1-2 SCOPE & METHODOLOGY........................................................................................................................... 2 GRANTS ACROSS AMERICA...................................................................................................................... 3-4 Chart: Total Grants Received by State Per Capita (FY2016)....................................................................................................................... 3 Search by Zip Code – Mapping All FY2016 Federal Grants........................................................................................................................ 4

PART I: MICRO ANALYSIS....................................................................................................................................... 5-16

50 Examples of Wasteful Grants.............................................................................................................................................. 5-16 Video Games to Fight Obesity and Diabetes – $537,250....................................................................................................................... 5 Cigar Taste Test – $114,375.................................................................................................................................................................. 5 Sex Ed for Prostitutes in California – $1,486,376................................................................................................................................... 5 Using E-Diaries to Cope with Microaggressions – $173,089.................................................................................................................. 6 New Condom Design with More Lubrication - $200,601....................................................................................................................... 6 Meditation Breathing Mobile App – $687,989...................................................................................................................................... 6 Funding a Notorious Childcare Facility – $5,052,054............................................................................................................................. 6 Using Soap Operas to Reduce HIV in Urban Black Women – $567,529.................................................................................................. 7 How Facebook Affects Alcohol Use – $147,686.................................................................................................................................... 7 Space Racers: An Animated Children’s Cartoon – $2,500,000............................................................................................................... 7 Virtual Reality to Teach Children in China How to Cross the Street – $183,750..................................................................................... 7 How Alcohol Affects Men’s Attention and Sensitivity to Sexual Interest Cues – $180,921.....................................................................7 Historic Hobo Day – $11,987................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Sexual Behavior of Obese Girls – $418,579........................................................................................................................................... 8 Tai Chi for the Elderly – $696,723......................................................................................................................................................... 8 Video Game for Your Future-Self – $651,498........................................................................................................................................ 8 Taxpayer-Funded Celebrations – $1,564,070........................................................................................................................................ 8 Are Physician Trainees Racist? – $932,741............................................................................................................................................ 9 HIV Prevention for Young Female Sex Workers in Zimbabwe – $188,136.............................................................................................. 9 Studying Tweets About Heart Issues – $739,634.................................................................................................................................. 9 Listening to National Parks – $20,000................................................................................................................................................... 9 Preventing Teen Pregnancy Through Theater – $749,000..................................................................................................................... 9 The Effects of Discrimination on High Blood Pressure in African Americans – $762,614...................................................................... 10 Virtual Shoe-Fitting – $753,502.......................................................................................................................................................... 10 Hypnotizing Postmenopausal Women – $215,315.............................................................................................................................. 10 The Dictator Game – $56,118............................................................................................................................................................. 10 Video Game: The Logical Journey of the Zoombinis – $658,388.......................................................................................................... 11 Researching Stigmatization of Danish Smokers – $330,176................................................................................................................. 11 Kenya Prostitutes Testing Clients for HIV – $710,337.......................................................................................................................... 11 Taxpayer-Funded Yoga – $4,457,965.................................................................................................................................................. 11 Study of Effects of Alcohol in Risky Sexual Decisions Among Gay Men – $180,457.............................................................................. 11 Study of Disease Susceptibility of Translocating Tortoises – $350,773................................................................................................. 12 Mobile App for Sex Diary - $1,045,760............................................................................................................................................... 12 Convincing Mothers to Stop Teen Girls from Using Tanning Beds – $671,522...................................................................................... 12 Video Game to Encourage People to Quit Smoking – $399,116.......................................................................................................... 12

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WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM – PUBLISHED APRIL 2018

Measuring Blood Pressure at Black Barbershops – $2,149,298........................................................................................................... 13 Replacing a Floating Bathroom in Utah – $227,795............................................................................................................................ 13 Researching the Roles of Intoxication, Emotional Arousal, and Emotional Regulation in Sexual Aggression – $39,742........................ 13 Smart Walk: An Exercise Mobile App for African-America Women – $92,393..................................................................................... 13 Games for Change, Inc. – $200,000.................................................................................................................................................... 14 Researching the Relationship Between LGBT Adults and Tobacco Stigma – $564,176......................................................................... 14 Epidemic Simulation Game for High School Students – $350,236....................................................................................................... 14 How Air Pollution Affects Birth by Race – $788,664............................................................................................................................ 14 Mobile App for Obesity and Stress – $690,333................................................................................................................................... 14 Testing FDA Messaging on Tobacco Regulatory Authority – $4,000,000.............................................................................................. 15 Mobile Phone Game to Help Prevent HIV in Sub-Saharan African Youth – $222,531........................................................................... 15 New York Shakespeare Festival – $40,000.......................................................................................................................................... 15 Children’s Cybersecurity Card Game – $296,621................................................................................................................................. 15 Virtual Weight Loss - $228,830........................................................................................................................................................... 16 Smartphone App for Parking Your Car – $149,999.............................................................................................................................. 16

PART II: MACRO ANALYSIS......................................................................................................................................17-

For-Profit Entities....................................................................................................................................................................... 17-19 Case Study: Southern Company Services............................................................................................................................................ 17 Case Study: General Atomics............................................................................................................................................................. 17 Fortune 100 Companies..................................................................................................................................................................... 18 Chart: Fortune 100 Companies Receiving Federal Grants (FY2014-FY2016)..................................................................................... 18 Case Study: Boeing............................................................................................................................................................................ 18 Case Study: General Motors............................................................................................................................................................... 19 Case Study: Lockheed Martin............................................................................................................................................................. 19

Nonprofit Organizations........................................................................................................................................................... 20-23 Chart: Top 25 Grant-Receiving Nonprofit Organizations (FY2016)....................................................................................................... 20 Case Study: Battelle Memorial Institute........................................................................................................................................ 21-22 Chart: Batelle Memorial Institute Highly Compensated Employees (FY2015)............................................................................. 21-22 Case Study: Kaiser Family Foundation................................................................................................................................................ 22 Case Study: Research Triangle Institute.............................................................................................................................................. 23 Case Study: Texas Migrant Council..................................................................................................................................................... 23 Case Study: Experience Works........................................................................................................................................................... 23

Higher Education Institutions.....................................................................................................................................................24Chart: Top 25 Grant-Receiving Higher Education Institutions (FY2016)............................................................................................... 24 Case Study: Johns Hopkins University................................................................................................................................................ 25 Case Study: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill...................................................................................................................... 25 Case Study: Vanderbilt University...................................................................................................................................................... 26 Case Study: The Ivy League................................................................................................................................................................ 26 Chart: Ivy League Colleges Receiving Federal Grants (FY2016)........................................................................................................ 26

APPENDIX............................................................................................................................................................................ 27-28 CHART: TOP 50 GRANT-RECEIVING CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS (FY2016).................................................................................. 27-28

ABOUT AMERICAN TRANSPARENCY............................................................................................................. 29

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WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM

top 10 takeaways 1. In fiscal year 2016, the federal government awarded 560,771 grants, totaling $583 billion. On average, each federal grant amounted to more than $1 million. 2. The 25 districts that received the most federal grant money accounted for 58 percent of all federal grant funding. Of the top 10 grant-receiving districts, Democrats represented five and Republicans five. Of the top 50 grantreceiving districts, Democrats represented 27 and Republicans 23. 3. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) distributed nearly 75 percent of 2016 federal grant funding, totaling more than $421 billion. Further, at 11 federal departments and independent agencies including HHS, grant making exceeded $1 billion. AGENCY

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

FY2016 GRANT MAKING

$421,079,856,670

AGENCY

FY2016 GRANT MAKING

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

$5,503,130,232

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

$47,649,544,391

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

$3,533,875,513

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

$44,271,868,054

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

$2,851,493,563

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

$33,677,035,554

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

$2,463,816,689 $1,282,809,313

DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

$9,731,350,151

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

$7,864,585,123

SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT.

4. While congressional leaders argue there’s nowhere left to cut, this report details 50 examples of wasteful grants costing taxpayers tens of millions of dollars. These grants funded video games, children’s cartoons, and numerous sex-centered studies. 5. Fortune 100 companies received $3.2 billion in federal grants between fiscal years 2014 and 2016. The top recipients included Boeing ($773.7 million); General Motors ($453.7 million); and Lockheed Martin Corporation ($277.2 million). 6. More than 3,000 for-profit institutions received $2.5 billion in grants. Southern Company Services, Inc., whose revenues totaled $23 billion in fiscal year 2016, received $162.5 million in federal grants. 7. Collectively, nonprofit organizations received $19.8 billion in grants. Some nonprofits depend almost entirely on government funds to stay afloat. For example, in its most recent tax documents, Battelle Memorial Institute disclosed $4.8 billion in revenue – and $4.5 billion of it came from government contracts and grants. Meanwhile, Battelle’s CEO pulled down $2.7 million in compensation. 8. Higher education institutions, according to the data, received 6 percent of federal grant funding, totaling $35.1 billion. Columbia University received the most grant funding ($816.3 million), followed by Johns Hopkins University ($768.1 million), and the University of Washington ($679.1 million). The top 25 grant-receiving universities included five Ivy League schools despite having $120 billion in collective endowment funds.

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9. Washington, D.C., received more than $7,500 in grant dollars per capita, followed by Alaska ($3,950 per capita); Vermont ($3,088 per capita); New York ($2,785 per capita); and Kentucky ($2,571 per capita). 10. This report divides the federal data into 12 recipient types. State governments received 87 percent of all federal grant funding while the second-largest category, “State-Controlled Institutions of Higher Learning,” received just 4 percent. RECIPIENT TYPE

STATE GOVERNMENT

TOTAL GRANTS RECEIVED FY2016

$504,912,520,192

RECIPIENT TYPE

TOTAL GRANTS RECEIVED FY2016

SMALL BUSINESS

$2,768,591,494

STATE CONTROLLED INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION

$24,358,023,774

PROFIT ORGANIZATION

$2,506,739,633

OTHER NONPROFIT

$19,758,109,141

INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT

$2,248,545,504

PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION

$10,776,669,259

INDIAN TRIBE

$2,194,443,927 $1,590,949,370

ALL OTHER

$4,712,863,581

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENT

CITY OR TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT

$3,987,061,811

INDIVIDUAL

COUNTY GOVERNMENT

$3,110,856,287

SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT.

$101,913,320

scope and Methodology Our OpenTheBooks.com federal oversight report – Where’s The Pork? provides micro and macro analysis of fiscal year 2016 federal grant making. This investigation, paired with our interactive map, allows taxpayers to see wasteful and corrupt federal grants paid out in their ZIP codes and all ZIP codes across America. Our organization acquired the federal checkbook data used for this report from the U.S. federal government via the Freedom of Information Act. (We did not scrutinize all 560,771 grants totaling $583 billion. Doing so would be impossible with our limited resources.) To begin the oversight process for this report, our team conducted a keyword search based on previous oversight findings. After further investigation, we filtered the data by department name and conducted segmented analysis for each category of departmental data. In the data, we found $12.4 billion in grant dollars – roughly 2 percent of the data – had been allocated to non-existent congressional districts. (This likely resulted from federal workers’ errors in entering the data.)

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WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM

Grants Across America Total Grants Received by State Per Capita (FY2016) STATE

TOTAL GRANTS PER RECEIVED FY2016 POPULATION CAPITA

STATE

TOTAL GRANTS PER RECEIVED FY2016 POPULATION CAPITA

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA $5,190,133,017

681,170

$7,619

MISSOURI

$10,721,569,969 6,093,000

$1,760

ALASKA

$2,930,288,528

741,894

$3,950

PENNSYLVANIA

$22,370,766,076 12,784,227

$1,750

VERMONT

$1,928,757,499

624,594

$3,088

SOUTH DAKOTA

$1,468,371,892

865,454

$1,697

NEW YORK

$55,000,491,429 19,745,289

$2,785

IOWA

$5,301,488,681

3,134,693

$1,691

KENTUCKY

$11,405,858,301 4,436,974

$2,571

NEW JERSEY

$14,772,823,523 8,944,469

$1,652

RHODE ISLAND

$2,689,293,285

1,056,426

$2,546

COLORADO

$9,036,572,259

$1,631

MASSACHUSETTS

$17,202,719,487 6,811,779

$2,525

OHIO

$18,713,173,748 11,614,373

$1,611

NEW MEXICO

$5,199,759,076

2,081,015

$2,499

ALABAMA

$7,736,860,057

4,863,300

$1,591

NORTH DAKOTA

$1,835,345,325

757,952

$2,421

OKLAHOMA

$6,120,347,603

3,923,561

$1,560

MONTANA

$2,461,172,428

1,042,520

$2,361

ILLINOIS

$19,694,317,823 12,801,539

$1,538

LOUISIANA

$11,043,581,069 4,681,666

$2,359

NORTH CAROLINA

$15,437,977,624 10,146,788

$1,521

ARKANSAS

$6,842,319,761

$2,290

NEW HAMPSHIRE

$2,029,386,149

1,334,795

$1,520

CALIFORNIA

$88,028,383,981 39,250,017

$2,243

TENNESSEE

$10,076,638,211 6,651,194

$1,515

DELAWARE

$2,054,765,254

952,065

$2,158

SOUTH CAROLINA

$7,428,408,188

$1,497

CONNECTICUT

$7,677,729,384

3,576,452

$2,147

TEXAS

$40,855,010,537 27,862,596

$1,466

MISSISSIPPI

$6,377,049,399

2,988,726

$2,134

NEVADA

$4,260,647,129

2,940,058

$1,449

OREGON

$8,682,677,125

4,093,465

$2,121

IDAHO

$2,313,368,373

1,683,140

$1,374

WEST VIRGINIA

$3,882,792,208

1,831,102

$2,120

WISCONSIN

$7,575,665,526

5,778,708

$1,311

MAINE

$2,741,224,621

1,331,479

$2,059

GEORGIA

$13,467,770,141 10,310,371

$1,306

MICHIGAN

$20,155,100,251 9,928,300

$2,030

NEBRASKA

$2,473,297,465

1,907,116

$1,297

ARIZONA

$12,918,266,355 6,931,071

$1,864

UTAH

$3,518,772,525

3,051,217

$1,153

HAWAII

$2,637,020,302

1,428,557

$1,846

FLORIDA

$23,540,583,368 20,612,439

INDIANA

$12,041,151,588 6,633,053

$1,815

KANSAS

$2,880,757,380

2,907,289

$991

MARYLAND

$10,867,907,632 6,016,447

$1,806

VIRGINIA

$8,092,570,337

8,411,808

$962

WASHINGTON

$13,138,618,935 7,288,000

$1,803

PUERTO RICO

$2,936,991,521

3,411,307

$861

WYOMING

$1,042,434,088

$1,780

MINNESOTA

$3,578,109,187

5,519,952

$648

2,988,248

585,501

5,540,545

4,961,119

$1,142

SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT. POPULATION SOURCE: “ANNUAL ESTIMATES OF THE RESIDENT POPULATION FOR THE UNITED STATES, REGIONS, STATES, AND PUERTO RICO: APRIL 1, 2010 TO JULY 1, 2016” (XLSX). UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU. RETRIEVED 8 JUNE 2017.

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Search by Zip Code – Mapping All FY2016 Federal Grants We mapped the money at OpenTheBooks.com. Search the $583 billion in fiscal year 2016 federal grants by ZIP code. Simply click a pin and scroll down to see the results rendered in the chart beneath the map.

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WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM

PART 1

MICRO ANALYSIS

VIDEO GAMES TO FIGHT OBESITY AND DIABETES – $537,250 AL GREEN | TEXAS-9 | DEMOCRAT

This $537,250 grant from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to the Baylor College of Medicine funded the development of video games for diabetes and obesity prevention. These games, Escape from Diab and Nanoswarm: Invasion from Inner Space, are designed to encourage players to increase their intake of fruits, vegetables, and water while lowering the amount of sedentary time and increasing healthy activity. The study involved 36 adolescents ages of 13 to 17. Then, researchers tested and documented the teenagers’ results.

CIGAR TASTE TEST – $114,375

ROBERT SCOTT | VIRGINIA-3 | DEMOCRAT With $114,375 in funding from HHS, Virginia Commonwealth University researched the impact of various cigar flavors on abuse liability and addictiveness among young adults. The study involved 25 adults who smoked five flavored cigars – plain, original black and mild, apple, cream, and wine-flavored – then gauged whether the taste influenced their likelihood to begin smoking.

SEX ED FOR PROSTITUTES IN CALIFORNIA – $1,486,376 BARBARA LEE | CALIFORNIA-13 | DEMOCRAT

The California Prostitutes Education Project received $1.49 million from HHS in fiscal year 2016. The project describes itself as a “youth-centered initiative” that “works with street prostitutes” to teach “safer sex and needle use” in a way that’s respectful of their clients’ “lifestyle and choices,” despite the fact that prostitution is illegal in California and 48 other U.S. states.

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USING E-DIARIES TO COPE WITH MICROAGGRESSIONS – $173,089 ADAM KINZINGER | ILLINOIS-16 | REPUBLICAN

A $173,089 grant to Northern Illinois University from HHS supported a four-week study in which “racially diverse bisexual women” document their experience with microaggressions – defined as “minority stressors at the daily level – through a daily online diary. This study presumes that people fitting this specific demographic are more likely to be victims of microaggressions and, as a result, suffer more often from deteriorating mental health. Researchers relied on the diary, along with interviews, to assess how microaggression affects daily and lifetime mental health.

NEW CONDOM DESIGN WITH MORE LUBRICATION - $200,601 JOSEPH KENNEDY III | MASSACHUSETTS-4 | DEMOCRAT

A grant for more than $200,000 from HHS funded a new condom design to address a “lack of adequate lubrication,” currently a “universal drawback” in other condom designs. The grant recipient, Hydroglyde Coatings, claimed its innovative lubricated condom coating lowers the chance of condom breakage, reduces transmission of STDs, and increases “satisfaction between partners.”

MEDITATION BREATHING MOBILE APP – $687,989 JIM CLYBURN | SOUTH CAROLINA-6 | DEMOCRAT

In an effort to fight high blood pressure, the Medical University of South Carolina received a $687,989 grant from HHS to create a “smartphone breathing-awareness meditation program” called Tension Tamer. This study chose subjects ages 21 to 50 years in rural and urban areas, then measured their use of the app and its effects on hypertension.

FUNDING A NOTORIOUS CHILDCARE FACILITY – $5,052,054 PETE OLSON | TEXAS-22 | REPUBLICAN

Photo: Johnny Hanson, Houston Chronicle Staff

The Shiloh Treatment Center – operating out of a mobile home in Manvel, Texas – has a long media-chronicled history of alleged abuse and negligence. As reported by The Houston Chronicle, Shiloh and its affiliate entity, Daystar Treatment Center, are owned by the same individual and have been subject to local, state, and federal investigations. Reports from children and investigators at these facilities have alleged physical and verbal abuse, neglect, and, on three occasions, death. The reoccurring allegations led the U.S. Representative from a neighboring Texas district – Sheila Jackson Lee (TX18) – to publicly call on the center to close its doors. U.S. Representative Pete Olson said he wondered why this small facility in his district is so expensive and whether the children are safe, so he visited the center in the summer of 2014 but received no answers.

Troubling allegations have continued through 2016. Official Texas Health and Human Services Commission reports show four “deficiencies” over the past two years, three considered high risk and one medium high risk. These infractions included mold on the ceilings and supervisors falling asleep on the job. Yet, in fiscal year 2016 Shiloh Treatment Center received more than $5 million for its 44-person capacity facility, operated out of a mobile home. Over the course of three years (FY2014-FY2016), the Shiloh Treatment Center received $14.9 million in federal grants. Twice, we reached out to the Shiloh Treatment Center for comment and received no response. U.S. Representative Pete Olson said he wondered why this small facility in his district is so expensive and whether the children are safe, so he visited the center in the summer of 2014 but received no answers.

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WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM

USING SOAP OPERAS TO REDUCE HIV IN URBAN BLACK WOMEN – $567,529 MIKE CAPUANO | MASSACHUSETTS-7 | DEMOCRAT

Northeastern University received $567,529 from HHS to help reduce urban black women’s risk of contracting HIV by streaming soap operas to their mobile devices. The study involved a 12-episode soap opera video series called “The Guide [to] Enhance Love, Sex, and Choices” (GELSC). A video guide at the close of each “Love, Sex, and Choices” (LSC) episode discussed HIV concerns. The study streamed videos to participants with two aims: first, to compare the engagement of black women in high-risk sexual situations who watch GELSC versus LSC and, second, to compare the responses of women recruited online versus in person.

HOW FACEBOOK AFFECTS ALCOHOL USE – $147,686 JIM MCDERMOTT | WASHINGTON-7 | DEMOCRAT

This University of Washington study – funded by a $147,686 grant from HHS – examines the role of Facebook in alcohol use, whether participants intentionally moderate their responses, and whether the social influence of participants affects their responses. A sample group of 13 to 15 year olds were randomly assigned to view either alcohol or non-alcohol using profiles. They were then asked how willing they would use alcohol in the future. It was no surprise that those exposed to alcohol-positive profiles were more willing to use alcohol in the future compared to the non-alcohol profiles.

SPACE RACERS: AN ANIMATED CHILDREN’S CARTOON – $2,500,000 MO BROOKS | ALABAMA-5 | REPUBLICAN

This $2.5-million grant from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to the Alabama Space Science Exhibit Commission supported the production of two seasons of Space Racers, an animated children’s cartoon in which the main characters embark on several space adventures.

VIRTUAL REALITY TO TEACH CHILDREN IN CHINA HOW TO CROSS THE STREET – $183,750 TERRI SEWELL | ALABAMA-7 | DEMOCRAT

The University of Alabama Birmingham received a $183,750 grant from HHS to develop a virtual reality platform designed to teach children in China how to cross the street. Delivered via the internet to tablets, phones, and computers, this training system serves as a precursor to similar platforms aimed at other potentially dangerous situations such as dog bites and drowning.

HOW ALCOHOL AFFECTS MEN’S ATTENTION AND SENSITIVITY TO SEXUAL INTEREST CUES – $180,921 DAVE LOEBSACK | IOWA-2 | DEMOCRAT

The University of Iowa used this $180,921 HHS grant to study the effects of alcohol on men’s visual attention and sensitivity to sexual interest cues. Men who average 6.6 standard alcoholic drinks 10.4 times per month viewed 142 full-body images of undergraduate women and asked to determine if the women in the picture were dressed provocatively or conservatively and whether the women appeared friendly or sexually interested.

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HISTORIC HOBO DAY – $11,987

KRISTI NOEM | SOUTH DAKOTA-1 | REPUBLICAN South Dakota State University received $11,987 from the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) for the preservation of Historic Hobo Day in Brookings, South Dakota. On Hobo Day, the school’s homecoming celebration, students dress as “hobos” to march, ride floats, and drive the “Bum-mobile” in a parade through the campus and downtown Brookings. The federal funding supported the digitization of community-held Hobo Day artifacts.

SEXUAL BEHAVIOR OF OBESE GIRLS – $418,579 CHAKA FATTAH | PENNSYLVANIA-2 | DEMOCRAT

This Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia study, funded by $418,579 from HHS, addressed the claim that obese girls have fewer dating and sexual experiences, but take greater sexual risks by not using condoms. By comparing intimate relationships among obese and non-obese girls, this study sought to determine whether obese adolescent girls experience a delay in the development of intimate relationship skills and whether the effects of obesity change over time.

TAI CHI FOR THE ELDERLY – $696,723

MIKE CAPUANO | MASSACHUSETTS-7 | DEMOCRAT The Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Elderly received nearly $700,000 from HHS to instruct elderly individuals in Tai Chi. According to the proposal, the instructors hope to improve the “overall function” of these participants at this center in Boston, Massachusetts, by teaching them this Chinese martial art.

VIDEO GAME FOR YOUR FUTURE-SELF – $651,498 ROBERT WITTMAN | VIRGINIA-1 | REPUBLICAN

A $651,498 HHS grant to Research and Evaluation Solutions, Inc. was described in the federal data as “A Virtual Learning World for Tweens to Experience Possible Selves (ME GAMES).” Through games like “My World of Dreams,” “The Valley of Others,” “Disappointments Bridge,” and “The Sea of Hope,” the goal was to “make the future feel close,” allowing adolescents to explore their future selves.

TAXPAYER-FUNDED CELEBRATIONS – $1,564,070 In fiscal year 2016, the federal government awarded 58 grants to support various “celebrations,” spanning city and town anniversaries to jazz master performances. For example, the NEA granted $100,000 to the Los Angeles neighborhood Pacoima for a local arts celebration, $100,000 “to support a celebration of Buffalo’s diversity through public performance,” and $20,000 for a “print marathon” celebrating the 20th anniversary for a contemporary art printing shop in Cleveland, Ohio.

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ARE PHYSICIAN TRAINEES RACIST? – $932,741 TIM WALZ | MINNESOTA-1 | DEMOCRAT

A $781,691 grant from HHS supported the Mayo Clinic’s study of how “residency factors” affect biases among physician trainees, including racial and LGBT biases. Mayo Clinic conducted this research “despite evidence that physicians are motivated to provide high quality care to all of their patients.” The study involved more than 3,000 medical school graduates and taught them how to remain unbiased towards patients of different races.

HIV PREVENTION FOR YOUNG FEMALE SEX WORKERS IN ZIMBABWE – $188,136 DAVID PRICE | NORTH CAROLINA-4 | DEMOCRAT

This $188,136 grant from HHS to the Research Triangle Institute supported HIV-prevention efforts among female sex workers in Zimbabwe. The project pertained specifically to an HIV-prevention project that targets young sex workers with a high risk of contracting HIV. The funding will also implement a new evidence-based HIV-prevention project within Zimbabwe’s National Sex Worker Program.

STUDYING TWEETS ABOUT HEART ISSUES – $739,634

CHAKA FATTAH | PENNSYLVANIA-2 | DEMOCRAT Nearly three-quarters of a million dollars from HHS funded a study called “Twitter and Cardiovascular Health.” The University of Pennsylvania collected tweets regarding cardiovascular health in an effort to create a “a forecasting model to determine when and how to optimally disseminate CV high-impact health messages” and “predict cardiovascular epidemiology.”

LISTENING TO NATIONAL PARKS – $20,000 DAN BENISHEK | MICHIGAN-1 | REPUBLICAN

Michigan Technological University received $20,000 from the NEA for a project called “Listening to Parks.” In this project, researchers recorded ambient sounds at public parks to inspire composers to produce orchestral pieces. The recordings took place in Keweenaw National Historic Park, Isle Royale National Park, and the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore. The project is part of the National Park Service’s “Imagine Your Parks” initiative.

PREVENTING TEEN PREGNANCY THROUGH THEATER – $749,000 CHAKA FATTAH | PENNSYLVANIA-2 | DEMOCRAT

A $749,000 HHS grant to the Public Health Management Corporation supported a “Theater-Based Pregnancy Intervention” for young black males in Philadelphia ages 15 to 22. This project incorporated games, role-playing, and a short play geared toward teen pregnancy prevention. Trained facilitators guided groups of 10 to 15 participants, using pop culture, over 2.5-hour sessions.

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THE EFFECTS OF DISCRIMINATION ON HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN AFRICAN AMERICANS – $762,614 MIKE COFFMAN | COLORADO-6 | REPUBLICAN

With $762,614 in funding from HHS, this study by the University of Colorado at Denver examined whether perceived discrimination is associated with prevalent hypertension in African-American communities. This study of 4,939 participants from the AfricanAmerican community estimated the prevalence of hypertension linked to perceived discrimination.

VIRTUAL SHOE-FITTING – $753,502 MORGAN GRIFFITH | VIRGINIA-9 | REPUBLICAN

This $753,502 grant from the NSF went to Eclo, Inc., a company dedicated to “virtual fitting” for shoes using smartphone technology. To use this service, users take a video of their foot, which is turned into a 3D model and plugged into an algorithm, matching the user with shoes in the database. This interface is free for users and seeks to provide a more pleasant online shoe-shopping experience as well as reduce the rate of return among online retail shoe purchases.

HYPNOTIZING POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN – $215,315 BILL FLORES | TEXAS-17 | REPUBLICAN

This $215,315 HHS grant to Baylor University supported research on methods of hypnosis to aid the sleep quality of postmenopausal women. The project sought to determine the optimal dosage and delivery of hypnosis and advocate for it as a way to improve sleep among participants. The study concluded that because hypnosis is labor intensive, it is limited in its ability to provide a positive health impact on the sleep of midlife women.

THE DICTATOR GAME – $56,118

CHARLIE RANGEL | NEW YORK-13 | DEMOCRAT This $56,118 HHS grant to Columbia University supported research on the development of “moral emotions” in children. As explained in the proposal, moral emotions are either negative or positive – correlating to feeling happy and proud, or bad and sad – and occur after actions that either violate or uphold moral norms. In the study, children played the “dictator game,” in which they received resources and decided whether to keep them all or share them with another child. Results were measured by the child’s allocation of resources in the game.

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VIDEO GAME: THE LOGICAL JOURNEY OF THE ZOOMBINIS – $658,388

KATHERINE CLARK | MASSACHUSSETS-5 | DEMOCRAT This $658,388 NSF grant to Technical Education Research Centers, Inc. sought to redevelop a 1990s computer game called The Logical Journey of the Zoombinis. This educational game allows elementary and middle school students to create their own small blue creature, called a Zoombini, and face challenges based on computational thinking, such as “Pizza Pass”.

RESEARCHING STIGMATIZATION OF DANISH SMOKERS – $330,176 LOU BARLETTA | PENNSYLVANIA-11 | REPUBLICAN

This $330,176 grant from HHS went to Dickinson College to study the effects of stigmatization on Danish smokers and the role stigmatization plays in perceptions of the risks of smoking. Researchers conducted in-depth interviews with 30 smokers, half from Denmark and half from the United States. The study examined the reactions of smokers from the smoking-lenient Denmark to the more stringent United States to see which group reacted more strongly to stigmatization. Given this data, the research sought to analyze the impact of stigmatization on smoking reduction.

KENYA PROSTITUTES TESTING CLIENTS FOR HIV – $710,337 DAVID PRICE | NORTH CAROLINA-4 | DEMOCRAT

A $710,337 HHS grant to the University of North Carolina provided HIV testing kits to female sex workers in Kenya so they could administer tests to their potential sexual partners before engaging in unprotected intercourse. The grant covered the testing kits sex workers gave to their clients monthly for six months as well as vouchers for HIV testing of the sex workers at clinics. Researchers asked the sex workers to respond via text message to a survey about their experiences.

TAXPAYER-FUNDED YOGA – $4,457,965 The federal government spent nearly $4.5 million on yoga programs in fiscal year 2016. Federal departments awarded 21 yoga-centered grants to 11 different institutions. Yoga is often proposed as a medical cure to different ailments and illness. These federally funded yoga programs attempted to address health afflictions including depression, anxiety, sleeplessness, smoking addiction, breast cancer symptoms, and diabetes.

STUDY OF EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL IN RISKY SEXUAL DECISIONS AMONG GAY MEN – $180,457 DAVID CICILLINE | RHODE ISLAND-1 | DEMOCRAT

Brown University received $180,457 from HHS to study the effects of acute alcohol use on sexual minority men and the subsequent impact on risky sexual decisions. First, the study recruited 30 adult sexual-minority men into focus groups to discuss their experiences of sexual impulsivity. Researchers then placed 180 volunteers in the pilot study into groups that received alcohol, a placebo, or nothing at all. The study examined the effects on each group on risky sexual behavior.

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STUDY OF DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF TRANSLOCATING TORTOISES – $350,773 GLENN THOMPSON | PENNSYLVANIA-5 | REPUBLICAN

The NSF awarded Pennsylvania State University $350,773 to study migrating tortoises. Solar panel development in the eastern California desert has caused habitat loss for desert tortoises. As a result, these tortoises have been forced to translocate which researchers believe may have increased the risk of contracting disease. The tortoises were fixed with trackers to analyze their movement and assess how disease spreads among them. Funding for this last phase of the study brings to $2,303,899 total NSF grants for the project since 2012.

MOBILE APP FOR SEX DIARY – $1,045,760 GRACE NAPOLITANO | CALIFORNIA-32 | DEMOCRAT

HHS awarded more than $1 million to Public Health Foundation Enterprises, Inc. to develop a mobile app for sexual reminders and documentation, including a “daily sexual diary.” The app targets people who do not have HIV but whose frequent risky behavior makes them especially vulnerable to contracting the disease. Users document their sexual encounters on the app’s diary and receive daily reminders to take medications designed to prevent HIV.

CONVINCING MOTHERS TO STOP TEEN GIRLS FROM USING TANNING BEDS – $671,522 ED PERLMUTTER | COLORADO-7 | DEMOCRAT

This $671,522 grant from HHS used social media outlets “to reduce mothers’ permissiveness regarding their teenage daughters’ use of indoor tanning.” Using Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook, and YouTube, Klein Buendel, Inc. intended to persuade mothers to stop their daughters from going to indoor tanning beds and to garner support for legal bans of tanning bed use by minors.

VIDEO GAME TO ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO QUIT SMOKING – $399,116

MARK WALKER | NORTH CAROLINA-6 | REPUBLICAN Nearly $400,000 from HHS went to Playmatics – an award-winning company that creates games for real-world contexts – for the development of Breathe Free, a game designed to encourage players to quit smoking. The game replaces monetary incentives often used in video games with in-game virtual rewards and social reinforcement. The creator of the project said the grant provided validation for his project: “It’s very exciting. We’re really looking forward to seeing where we can take this project.”

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MEASURING BLOOD PRESSURE AT BLACK BARBERSHOPS – $2,149,298 ADAM SCHIFF | CALIFORNIA-28 | DEMOCRAT

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, received an HHS grant for more than $2 million for “Blood Pressure Management in Black Men” in barbershops. Researchers said black barbers would be recruited to urge black customers to get blood pressure checks. Pharmacists, the study said, would conduct the checks at barbershops and follow up on the phone with the black men over the next six months.

REPLACING A FLOATING BATHROOM IN UTAH – $227,795 CHRIS STEWART | UTAH-2 | REPUBLICAN

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service footed the more than $200,000 bill to replace floating bathrooms in “Cabins on the Water” at the Lucerne Valley Marina, part of the Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area in Manila, Utah. The agency funneled the money through the Utah Department of Natural Resources, which rents the cabins for up to $370 for a two-night stay. Another $25,000 from Fish and Wildlife paid for replacing a non-floating public restroom at the Lucerne Valley Marina. Flaming George, a reservoir, is known for “providing outstanding opportunity for boating, fishing, skiing, jet skiing, house boating and other water sports.”

RESEARCHING THE ROLES OF INTOXICATION, EMOTIONAL AROUSAL, AND EMOTIONAL REGULATION IN SEXUAL AGGRESSION – $39,742 JIM MCDERMOTT | WASHINGTON-7 | DEMOCRAT

HHS awarded the University of Washington a $39,742 grant to research roles of acute intoxication, emotional arousal, and emotional regulation on sexual aggression among college students. The study claimed 66 percent of sexual assaults occur after the perpetrator has consumed alcohol. For this project, 144 participants were served alcohol, a placebo, or no alcohol in a simulated bar. Then, participants were instructed to project themselves into audio-taped scenarios and respond accordingly. Participants’ responses were recorded and later transcribed for analysis.

SMART WALK: AN EXERCISE MOBILE APP FOR AFRICAN-AMERICA WOMEN – $92,393 KRYSTEN SINEMA | ARIZONA-9 | DEMOCRAT

Arizona State University created an app bankrolled by $92,393 from HHS called Smart Walk that advises African-American women on physical activity. By using the “deep structure cultural relevance of the theoretical mediators of self-regulation, self-efficacy, social support, behavioral capability, and outcome expectations,” Smart Walk sought to help the 82 percent of African-American women who are overweight or obese. For this study, 25 subjects used the smartphone app for six months to a year while administrators measured results.

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GAMES FOR CHANGE, INC. – $200,000 CAROLYN MALONEY | NEW YORK-12 | DEMOCRAT

According to its website, Games for Change is an annual event for participants to “discover how games can impact education, healthcare, research, civics, and social issues.” The event – funded by $200,000 from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) – showcased new video games geared toward social change, highlighting and recognizing games such as “The Migrant Trail,” in which participants experience the danger of crossing the border illegally, discovering what it takes to survive, and “Syrian Journey,” in which players “choose [their] own escape route as a Syrian refugee.”

RESEARCHING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LGBT ADULTS AND TOBACCO STIGMA – $564,176 DONNA EDWARDS | MARYLAND-4 | DEMOCRAT

HHS awarded the Pacific Institute $563,176 to investigative links between LGBT adults and stigmatization of tobacco use. The study first analyzed various approaches to the “de-normalization” of tobacco and the stigmatization of tobacco among LGBT smokers and former smokers in California. Through online and in-person interviews, researchers scrutinized how the stigmatization of tobacco might intersect with sexual and gender identity stigmas.

EPIDEMIC SIMULATION GAME FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS – $350,236 DAVID MCKINLEY | WEST VIRGINIA-1 | REPUBLICAN

This $350,236 HHS grant to Wheeling Jesuit University funded the development of “Pandem-Sim,” a simulation game in which high school students pretend to be Center for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health employees, tasked with investigating a new pandemic. By testing virtual tissue and blood, students develop the correct vaccination to stop an outbreak.

HOW AIR POLLUTION AFFECTS BIRTH BY RACE – $788,664 JERRY MCNERNEY | CALIFORNIA-9 | DEMOCRAT

The University of California at Berkeley received nearly $800,000 from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to study how air pollution affects the birth of black children in contrast to white children. According to its website, Berkley “used all live singleton births in California spanning 2005 to 2010 and estimated PTBs (preterm births) and other adverse birth outcomes for infants born by non-Hispanic black mothers and white mothers.” The study concluded that pollution has no greater effect on preterm births by race than any other “individual or neighborhood-level factor.”

MOBILE APP FOR OBESITY AND STRESS – $690,333 JAMES MCGOVERN | MASSACHUSETTS-2 | DEMOCRAT

With $625,150 in funding from HHS, the University of Massachusetts developed a mobile application called RELAX, “designed to help with stress management during weight loss.” By keeping track of food consumption and other health habits, RELAX aims to hold users more accountable. This grant covered the costs of testing the app’s feasibility, and more funding may be granted.

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TESTING FDA MESSAGING ON TOBACCO REGULATORY AUTHORITY – $4,000,000 DAVID PRICE | NORTH CAROLINA-4 | DEMOCRAT

A $4-million HHS grant to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill tested messaging tactics involving the Food and Drug Administration’s ant-smoking campaigns. UNC researchers said the study would help the “FDA in communicating effectively with diverse audiences,” including populations with high rates of smoking such as blacks, adolescents, young people and low-income people.

MOBILE PHONE GAME TO HELP PREVENT HIV IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN YOUTH – $222,531 JOHN LEWIS | GEORGIA-5 | DEMOCRAT

With $222,531 in funding from HHS, this mobile phone game was designed to educate Africans children ages 11 to 14 on sexual health to build skills that will reduce their risks of contracting HIV. Along with encouraging condom use, the game also challenged “harmful gender norms and HIV stigma and fosters dialogue with parents and guardians.” Emory University administered the pilot test game to 60 preadolescents in rural and urban western Kenya.

NEW YORK SHAKESPEARE FESTIVAL – $40,000 CAROLYN MALONEY | NEW YORK-12 | DEMOCRAT

The New York Shakespeare Festival (NYSF) received $25,000 in 2016 and $630,000 from the NEA since 2009. The NYSF is the parent company of Shakespeare in the Park, which recently put on a controversial production of Julius Caesar. The play featured an on-stage assassination of a Trump-like Julius Caesar. “He looks like Donald Trump ... moves like Trump ... is knifed to death on stage, blood staining his white shirt,” according to NBC News.

BREAKOUT: At OpenTheBooks.com, we can go deep into the data, quantifying taxpayer money flowing from local, state, and federal levels of government. For example, the NYSF has received a grand total of $30 million in taxpayer grants since 2009. State and city agencies contributed the largest amounts. Since 2010, New York City gave NYSF $23.5 million to build and renovate its public theater and funded an additional $5 million as “payments to cultural institutions.” Council on the Arts – a New York state agency – chipped in $310,000 during the past three years.

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CHILDREN’S CYBERSECURITY CARD GAME – $296,621

DANNY DAVIS | ILLINOIS-7 | DEMOCRAT This $296,621 grant from the National Science Foundation to the University of Illinois at Chicago aimed to “cultivate American cybersecurity experts from a young age” by creating a collectible card game named CySec (compared to Pokémon). Focusing on two K-8 schools in Chicago, the project sought to make cyber security habits “second nature” for underrepresented youth. According to Chicago Tonight, 50 to 60 students met for 90 minutes after school, twice per week, to play this card game.

VIRTUAL WEIGHT LOSS – $228,830

HENRY JOHNSON, JR. | GEORGIA-4 | DEMOCRAT A $228,830 grant from HHS to Virtually Better, Inc. supported the development of a virtual interface designed to “allow users to experience learning, implementing, and mastering behavioral weight-control strategies in controlled virtual settings with the support of a culturally sensitive virtual coach.” This platform does not entice physical weight loss, but encourages proper habits to aid weight loss in conjunction with other commercial weight-loss platforms. Identified as “Virtual Reality Skills Training to Enhance e-Weight Loss” in the federal grants database, this program seeks to build user confidence, enabling participants to be more committed to their learned skills in the real world.

SMARTPHONE APP FOR PARKING YOUR CAR – $149,999

KRYSTEN SINEMA | ARIZONA-9 | DEMOCRAT This $149,999 NSF grant to Arizona State University (ASU) supported a “Living Lab for Smartphone-based Parking Management Services.” Despite privately owned parking apps serving the area, the ASU campus in Tempe, Arizona, served as the pilot test location for this federally funded Android app. The app, used in partnership with the ASU Parking and Transit Services, measures the parking data of drivers while intending to provide them with a more efficient parking experience.

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PART 2

MACRO ANALYSIS For-Profit Entities More than 3,000 government-labeled “Profit Organizations” received a collective $2.5 billion in fiscal year 2016, accounting for less than 1 percent of all grant dollars.

case study

Southern Company Services FY2016:

$162.54 MILLION

FY2014–FY2016:

$242.50 MILLION

An American leader in gas and electric, Southern Company Services received the most federal grant money in FY2016 among all for-profit companies outside of the Fortune 100. With over $23 billion in annual revenue, Southern Company ranks 148th on the Fortune 500 list, banking over $10 billion in profit last year. Southern Company received a $137 million grant from the Department of Energy for the “demonstration of a coal-based transport gasifier,” a project that aligns with its core mission.

case study

General Atomics FY2016:

$72.79 MILLION

FY2014–FY2016:

$214.97 MILLION As one of the country’s largest defense contractors, General Atomics amassed $215 million in federal grants over a three-year period in addition to $5.3 billion in federal contracts. The Department of Energy supplied nearly all the federal grants General Atomics received in FY2016, including $63.5 million for “fusion program research and facility operations and advanced fusion technology research and development.” Simultaneously, General Atomics received more than $88 million in Department of Energy contracts for the research and development of fusion.

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Fortune 100 Companies In total, 33 “Fortune 100” companies received federal grants totaling $3.2 billion between fiscal years 2014 and 2016.

Fortune 100 Companies Receiving Federal Grants (FY2014-FY2016) FORTUNE 100 COMPANY

TOTAL GRANT FUNDING FY2014-FY2016

BOEING CO.

$773,680,947.00

GENERAL MOTORS

$453,656,822.37

LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION

$277,145,467.70

IBM

$267,907,499.00

DOW CHEMICAL

$266,364,247.00

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL, INC.

$204,329,249.34

FORD MOTOR CO.

$188,518,055.65

ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND CO.

$175,528,783.00

GENERAL ELECTRIC

$149,160,121.00

3M COMPANY

$113,516,806.00

CATERPILLAR, INC.

$104,924,830.00

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES

$62,804,648.00

CHEVRON USA, INC.

$43,898,239.00

GENERAL DYNAMICS

$31,488,407.00

HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY

$22,607,998.00

INTEL CORPORATION

$21,499,214.00

VALERO ENERGY CORPORATION

$8,972,395.00

PROCTER & GAMBLE

$3,989,167.00

BANK OF AMERICA N.A.

$2,523,000.00

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC.

$2,485,011.00

METLIFE, INC.

$2,196,000.00

EXELON GENERATION CO.

$2,177,357.00

ORACLE

$1,549,655.00

MERCK & COMPANY, INC.

$1,540,926.00

FEDEX

$1,360,573.00

SYSCO, INC.

$1,201,918.00

JPMORGAN CHASE BANK N.A.

$828,492.00

DELTA AIRLINES, INC.

$807,759.00

CHARLES PFIZER, INC

$571,988.00

AMERICAN AIRLINES

$383,990.00

MICROSOFT CHARITABLE TRUST

$120,000.00

AETNA HEALTH, INC.

$100,000.00

HUMANA INSURANCE COMPANY

$100,000.00

case study

Boeing FY2016:

$195.63 MILLION

FY2014–FY2016:

$773.68 MILLION

Ranked 24th on the Fortune 100 list, Boeing has received more federal grant funding than any other Fortune 100 company over a three-year period. Amounting to more than three-quarters of a billion dollars, these federal grants largely supported standard programs within Boeing’s core mission:

$231.04 MILLION

Integrated vehicle energy technology development program.

$43.39 MILLION

Rapid high-performance manufacturing for small parts.

$38.93 MILLION

Rotorcraft durability and damage tolerance.

SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT.

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case study

General Motors FY2016:

$27.45 MILLION

FY2014–FY2016:

$453.66 MILLION

Ranked eighth on the Fortune 100 list, General Motors (GM) received the second-most federal grant funding. Famous for its dependency on the federal government, GM has also collected $917 million in federal contracts between 2014 and 2016. Despite its revenues exceeding $166 billion last year, GM still uses federal grant funding to support programs close to its mission:

$3.79 MILLION

Highly integrated, wide-bandgap power module for next generation plug-in vehicles.

$1.9 MILLION

A high-specific-output gasoline low temperature combustion engine.

$1.47 MILLION

High-fidelity, fast running, multiscale, multi-physics battery pack software.

case study

Lockheed Martin FY2016:

$6.97 MILLION

FY2014–FY2016:

$277.14 MILLION

This well-known defense contractor, ranked 56th in the Fortune 100, received $277 million in federal grants over a three-year period, over $250 million of which coming in 2014. In the last year alone, Lockheed Martin banked over $5.5 billion in profit – Lockheed Martin’s handouts represent just five percent of this sum.

$11.54 MILLION

Scalable L-band phased array technology demonstration.

$696,217

Joint Multi-Role technology demonstrator architecture implementation process demonstrations.

$140,000

The maturation of four large strategic mission concept studies prior to the 2020 astrophysics decadal survey.

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Nonprofit Organizations In fiscal year 2016, nonprofit organizations collectively received $19.8 billion in grants, representing 3 percent of all grant funding issued. The top 100 nonprofits are primarily health care centers, research institutes, and community development organizations. The largest grant to a nonprofit organization ($80.2 million) went to a network of nonprofits sponsored by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) called Baptist Child and Family Services Health to support its infrastructure. Overall, HHS awarded 80 percent ($15.8 billion) of all federal grant dollars to nonprofits.

Top 25 Grant-Receiving Nonprofit Organizations (FY2016) NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION NAME

TOTAL GRANTS RECEIVED FY2016

TOTAL REVENUE

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL

$375,308,194

$11,654,648

$20,218,771

FRED HUTCHINSON CANCER RESEARCH CENTER

$228,160,113

$485,870,813

$950,132,932

MAYO CLINIC

$220,660,761

$4,716,398,592

SCRIPPS RESEARCH INSTITUTE

$212,834,210

$362,462,868

SOUTHWEST KEY PROGRAMS, INC.

$210,701,664

NA

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER

$201,164,781

$3,507,764,725

BCFS Health and Human Services

$200,388,766

NA

CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL CORPORATION

$189,018,178

$1,569,063,479

$4,627,706,004

CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL OF PHILADELPHIA

$136,789,719

$1,952,909,086

$3,546,987,890

BETH ISRAEL HOSPITAL

$133,979,410

$1,640,857,901

$1,630,757,944

SLOAN KETTERING INSTITUTE FOR CANCER RESEARCH

$133,591,179

$786,702,714

$5,250,565,000

DANA-FARBER CANCER INSTITUTE

$129,165,959

$1,203,290,144

$2,014,332,365

ELIZABETH GLASER PEDIATRIC AIDS FOUNDATION

$117,559,846

$120,699,012

NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSE ASSOCIATION

$105,842,003

NA

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE

$99,800,333

$4,774,717,370

EXPERIENCE WORKS, INC.

$96,040,957

$104,418,145

WORLD FOOD PROGRAM

$92,062,843

NA

NA

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL SERVICES, INC.

$82,250,040

NA

NA

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE HEAD START

$80,318,711

$140,238,474

$8,017,857

TEXAS MIGRANT COUNCIL

$68,887,997

$71,452,280

$27,588,067

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, CHILDREN'S RESEARCH

$65,708,138

$629,848,993

$2,518,986,311

KAISER FOUNDATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE

$64,987,224

$149,414,782

$684,605,430

RESEARCH FOUNDATION FOR MENTAL HYGIENE, INC.

$64,182,991

$124,472,683

$56,786,476

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

$63,245,094

$320,703,469

$1,291,793,976

RESEARCH TRIANGLE INSTITUTE

$62,716,185

$852,772,614

$588,448,204

TOTAL ASSETS

$10,051,482,283 $803,333,192 NA $4,906,811,451 NA

$29,216,175 NA $1,125,324,072 $6,969,447

NA=NOT AVAILABLE SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT. REVENUE AND ASSETS DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM USING MOST RECENT IRS 990 DOCUMENTS.

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case study

Battelle Memorial Institute FY2016 GRANTS:

$99.80 MILLION REVENUE:

$4.77 BILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$171.65 MILLION ASSETS:

$1.12 BILLION

LOBBYING:

$769,343

This Columbus, Ohio, science and technology nonprofit does a great deal of business with the federal government, reaping $181.6 million in grants and $8.1 billion in contracts between 2014 and 2016. Nearly all of Battelle’s grant funding came from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to support the “National Ecological Observatory Network,” a continental facility dedicated to collecting and analyzing data to solve ecological problems. The NSF sponsors this endeavor and chose Battelle to operate the facility. In its most recent tax documents, Battelle disclosed total revenue of $4.8 billion, with more than $4.5 billion coming from government grants and contracts. The nonprofit also documented seven employees earning more than $1 million a year, including the CEO, who received $2.7 million in total compensation. When considering all compensation, benefits, and pension liability, Battelle has $2.4 billion a year in employee compensation expenses.

Batelle Memorial Institute Highly Compensated Employees (FY2015) NAME

TITLE

BONUS & OTHER RETIREMENT & BASE TOTAL REPORTABLE OTHER DEFERRED NONTAXABLE COMPENSATION COMPENSATION INCENTIVE COMPENSATION COMPENSATION COMPENSATION BENEFITS

Jeffrey Wadswroth

President & CEO

$1,059,113

David Evans

$1,142,725

$37,629

$398,787

$15,699

$2,653,953

Executive VP $514,564

$557,760

$9,668

$30,921

$20,201

$1,133,114

Ronald Townsend

Executive VP $563,688

$614,477

$16,264

$426,758

$13,768

$1,634,955

Russell Austin

Senior VP

$374,521

$195,929

$1,439

$194,717

$19,135

$785,741

Patrick Jarvis

Senior VP

$266,573

$116,274

$960

$31,871

$20,157

$435,835

John Grossenbacher Senior VP

$388,257

$195,785

$10,436

$114,886

$13,008

$722,372

Stephen Kelly

Senior VP

$387,215

$253,595

$6,760

$325,892

$15,855

$989,317

Michael Kluse

Senior VP

$351,630

$200,305

$98,294

$443,698

$14,205

$1,108,132

Steven Ashby

Senior VP

$274,342

$95,509

$41,592

$91,761

$20,086

$523,290

Thomas Mason Senior VP

$402,931

$194,676

$8,088

$427,710

$29,451

$1,062,856

Martin Toomajian

Senior VP

$306,336

$202,627

$2,806

$141,059

$21,582

$674,410

Gwendolyn Vonholten

VP of Finance $246,464

$43,391

$2,661

$241,066

$15,031

$548,613

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PAGE 22

NAME

TITLE

BONUS & OTHER RETIREMENT & BASE TOTAL REPORTABLE OTHER DEFERRED NONTAXABLE COMPENSATION COMPENSATION INCENTIVE COMPENSATION COMPENSATION COMPENSATION BENEFITS

Brian Smith

Treasurer

$172,277

$22,421

$253

$36,433

$6,291

$237,675

Thomas Sharpe Assistant Treasurer

$212,962

$37,973

$783

$89,128

$21,130

$361,976

Laurence Doon Gibbs

Laboratory Director

$359,625

$183,750

$13,284

$26,000

$38,975

$621,634

Jeffrey Smith

Deputy of Operations

$326,931

$139,813

$8,017

$332,144

$20,156

$827,061

Jospeh Fitch

Laboratory Director

$310,652

$309,140

$1,179

$66,195

$19,694

$706,860

Bobi Garrett

Deputy Programs

$286,615

$102,071

$80,101

$557,810

$18,482

$1,045,079

Daniel Taylor

VP of Strategy $215,132 & Execution VP & Laboratory $249,897 Director Former Executive VP $381,874

$485,280

$793

$108,320

$19,908

$829,433

$263,919

$4,763

$54,479

$15,062

$588,120

$385,452

$46,874

$406,456

$3,180

$1,223,836

Former Senior VP Former Assistant Treasurer

$206,035

$-

$20,291

$160,087

$9,671

$396,084

$178,537

$29,540

$1,188

$125,376

$13,539

$348,180

$150,302

$-

$3,384

$15,300

$13,435

$182,421

Reza Karimi Martin Inglis Thomas D Snowberger Judith Mobley

Samuel Aronson Lab Director

SOURCE: INFORMATION COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM USING BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE’S MOST RECENT IRS 990 DOCUMENTS (2015).

case study

Kaiser Family Foundation FY2016 GRANTS:

$64.98 MILLION REVENUE:

$138.58 MILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$169.77 MILLION ASSETS:

$650.23 MILLION

The Kaiser Family foundation is a healthcare-oriented nonprofit based in Menlo Park, California, with revenues exceeding $130 million annually. Over three years, the Kaiser Foundation collected nearly $170 million in federal grants and another $60 million in federal contracts. In 2016 alone, the Kaiser Family Foundation received 93 federal grants and 80 federal contracts.

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WHERE’S THE PORK? – AN OVERSIGHT REPORT BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM

case study

Research Triangle Institute FY2016 GRANTS:

$62.72 MILLION REVENUE:

$852.77 MILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$270.71 MILLION ASSETS:

$588.45 MILLION

LOBBYING:

$302,008

Providing research and technical services out of North Carolina, Research Triangle Institute (RTI International) documented $852 million in revenue on its last tax filing. However, over a three-year span, this nonprofit received nearly 3,000 federal contracts for $1.3 billion and more than $270 million in grants. RTI is an official government vendor through the General Services Administration – making it a priority contract for federal agencies. Meanwhile, $14.6 million of the grants RTI received in 2016 supported back-end infrastructure.

case study

Texas Migrant Council FY2016 GRANTS:

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$68.89 MILLION

$218.49 MILLION

REVENUE:

ASSETS:

$71.45 MILLION

$27.59 MILLION

According to the Texas Migrant Council (TMC), its full mission is to “impact early education needs of eligible children and strengthen families.” The federal government picks up almost the entire tab in pursing those lofty goals as 96 percent of TMC’s $71 million in annual revenue comes from federal grants. Of the nearly $70 million in taxpayer-funded grants, TMC spends $49.3 on employee compensation. In September 2017, HHS terminated funding for TMC’s Head Start program, a move TMC is fighting. Also, the federal government rebuked the nonprofit over an ill-advised relocation of its headquarters, for which it did no research and did not consult key stakeholders.

case study

Experience Works FY2016 GRANTS:

$96.04 MILLION REVENUE:

$104.42 MILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$211.28 MILLION ASSETS:

$6.97 MILLION

LOBBYING:

$28,979

This nonprofit, based in Arlington, Virginia, works to “improve the lives of older people through training, community service, and employment.” Experience Works derives 92 percent of its revenue from federal grants, and another estimated 7 percent from state and local funding. It spends almost all of its revenues – more than $98 million – on employee compensation.

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PAGE 24

Higher Education Institutions

Public and private institutions of higher education received $35.13 billion in federal grants in fiscal year 2016, representing 6 percent of federal grant funding. The largest grant to a higher education institution ($62 million) went to Columbia University for “HIV Impact Assessments” while Howard University received the second and third-largest grants, both listed vaguely as “Academic,” for $105.3 million collectively. Overall, the top 25 recipients received 35 percent of all grant dollars flowing into higher education.

Top 25 Grant-Receiving Higher Education Institutions (FY2016) UNIVERSITY NAME

TOTAL GRANTS RECEIVED FY2016

TOTAL REVENUE

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

$816,284,470

$4,708,225,588

$16,672,598,896

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY

$768,053,595

$5,797,614,000

$9,020,955,000

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON

$679,069,375

$11,340,019,000

$4,893,488,000

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-SAN FRANCISCO

$668,711,111

$8,718,633,000

$5,736,978,000

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

$656,399,284

$20,503,288,000

$7,079,679,000

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-SAN DIEGO

$549,465,943

NA

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA

$548,892,678

$6,286,195,000

$17,580,872,000

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH

$534,309,005

$2,330,235,794

$6,229,558,895

STANFORD UNIVERSITY

$529,220,723

$6,965,956,577

$37,767,407,673

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

$522,634,193

$7,820,587,000

$1,789,128,000

UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SYSTEM

$514,554,856

$8,649,053,416

$3,702,777,772

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL

$510,988,053

$9,792,714,154

$2,124,202,667

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-LOS ANGELES

$500,227,875

$12,839,793,000

$5,895,441,000

YALE UNIVERSITY

$472,182,804

$4,807,997,730

$34,103,002,387

HARVARD UNIVERSITY

$470,192,906

$6,609,236,543

$73,518,242,000

DUKE UNIVERSITY

$469,704,096

$2,786,082,190

$12,594,506,113

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS

$447,317,124

$1,446,333,000

$3,841,937,000

WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY

$447,303,866

$3,185,323,683

$11,081,059,000

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY

$374,662,784

$2,833,160,505

$13,658,756,847

CORNELL UNIVERSITY

$349,333,807

$3,758,080,000

$12,525,886,000

EMORY UNIVERSITY

$325,457,759

$3,589,561,177

$12,265,793,650

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

$299,173,479

$6,083,799,000

$1,931,553,000

ICAHN SCHOOL OF MEDICINE AT MOUNT SINAI

$291,700,685

$2,094,255,559

$2,312,466,209

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

$280,382,600

$4,895,423,051

$10,268,789,127

UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS

$278,827,884

$6,954,305,000

$2,442,980,000

TOTAL ASSETS

NA

NA=NOT AVAILABLE SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT. REVENUE AND ASSETS DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM USING MOST RECENT IRS 990 DOCUMENTS OR ANNUAL REPORT.

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case study

Johns Hopkins University FY2016 GRANTS:

$770.80 MILLION REVENUE:

$5.79 BILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$2.69 BILLION

ASSETS:

$9.02 BILLION

LOBBYING:

$1.15 MILLION

Johns Hopkins University, as the second largest recipient of federal grants among higher education institutions, received 92 percent of its funding from HHS. The university itself boasts of its reliance on federal dollars, calling itself “the nation’s leading university recipient of federal research dollars.”

$29.98 MILLION

The largest grant Johns Hopkins University received in 2016 went toward strengthening the health system in Mozambique.

$5.22 MILLION

Six separate grants supported male circumcision in 14 African countries.

$1.25 MILLION

This money covered research to advance the design and efficiency of wind farms.

case study

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill FY2016 GRANTS:

$511.55 MILLION REVENUE:

$2.12 BILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$1.51 BILLION

ASSETS:

$856.57 MILLION

LOBBYING:

$225,000

Ranked 12th among institutions of higher education receiving federal grants in 2016, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill received more than $1.5 billion in grants and $63 million in federal government contracts between 2014 and 2016. Of the 1,389 grants to the university in 2016, four grants worth $1.9 million collectively went to the UNC Environmental Finance Center to channel funds to other organizations dedicated to solving environmental issues.

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PAGE 26

case study

Vanderbilt University FY2016 GRANTS:

$365.35 MILLION REVENUE:

$4.50 BILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$1.29 BILLION

ASSETS:

$8.26 BILLION

LOBBYING:

$357,019

Having received $365 million in federal grants in 2016, Vanderbilt University’s largest grant ($13.7 million) went toward the Research Support Center, which works to “assist investigators in navigating the complex human research process at Vanderbilt University.” In addition to receiving nearly $1.3 billion in federal grants over a three-year span, Vanderbilt also received $60 million through 448 federal contracts. Overall, 86 percent of Vanderbilt’s federal funding flowed from HHS. For example, HHS granted $434,266 to support “Breathing Interventions for Relaxation,” a study of slow-breathing techniques.

case study

The Ivy League FY2016 GRANTS:

$3.02 BILLION REVENUE:

$31.62 BILLION

FY2014-FY2016 GRANTS:

$8.86 BILLION ASSETS:

$194.40 BILLION

LOBBYING:

$3.26 MILLION

When combined, the eight Ivy League schools received more than $3 billion in federal grants in fiscal year 2016 and nearly $9 billion over three years (fiscal years 2014 to 2016). Five of these eight schools are among the top 25 largest higher education grant recipients. The Ivy League schools have combined revenue figures larger than that of 29 state budgets, yet pull in federal funding that translates to $120,000 per each undergraduate student. For more information on federal funding of the Ivy League, see our oversight report: Ivy League, Inc.

Ivy League Colleges Receiving Federal Grants (FY2016) UNIVERSITY NAME

TOTAL GRANTS RECEIVED FY2016

TOTAL REVENUE

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

$816,284,470

$4,708,225,588

$16,672,598,896

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA

$548,892,678

$6,286,195,000

$17,580,872,000

YALE UNIVERSITY

$472,182,804

$4,807,997,730

$34,103,002,387

HARVARD UNIVERSITY

$470,192,906

$6,609,236,543

$73,518,242,000

CORNELL UNIVERSITY

$349,333,807

$3,758,080,000

$12,525,886,000

DARTMOUTH COLLEGE

$127,565,804

$1,394,170,409

$7,265,439,165

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY

$124,015,056

$2,978,563,000

$27,631,907,000

BROWN UNIVERSITY

$109,771,451

$1,080,375,719

$5,103,251,337

TOTAL ASSETS

SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT. REVENUE AND ASSETS DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM USING MOST RECENT IRS 990 DOCUMENTS OR ANNUAL REPORT.

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appendix Top 50 Grant-Receiving Congressional Districts (FY2016) DISTRICT

TOTAL GRANTS RECEIVED FY2016

REPRESENTATIVE NAME

PARTY AFFILIATION

CA-5

$63,268,421,236

MIKE THOMPSON

DEMOCRAT

NY-22

$35,985,776,799

RICHARD HANNA

REPUBLICAN

TX-21

$27,332,994,691

LAMAR SMITH

REPUBLICAN

FL-2

$16,566,703,283

GWEN GRAHAM

MI-8

$15,386,759,773

MIKE BISHOP

PA-17

$14,380,534,173

MATTHEW CARTWRIGHT

IL-18

$13,062,158,802

DARIN LAHOOD

REPUBLICAN

OH-12

$11,946,422,998

PAT TIBERI

REPUBLICAN

NC-4

$11,531,798,899

DAVID PRICE

DEMOCRAT

MA-8

$11,373,908,225

STEPHEN LYNCH

DEMOCRAT

NJ-4

$10,256,854,262

CHRIS SMITH

GA-5

$9,789,474,940

JOHN LEWIS

DEMOCRAT

AZ-4

$9,674,981,098

PAUL GOSAR

REPUBLICAN

IN-7

$9,623,236,058

ANDRE CARSON

KY-6

$9,399,136,310

ANDY BARR

REPUBLICAN

WA-3

$8,563,818,311

JAIME HERRERA BEUTLER

REPUBLICAN

MD-7

$8,393,369,728

ELIJAH CUMMINGS

DEMOCRAT

TN-5

$7,680,908,137

JIM COOPER

DEMOCRAT

MO-4

$7,478,256,967

VICKY HARTZLER

REPUBLICAN

LA-6

$6,650,754,036

GARRET GRAVES

REPUBLICAN

OR-5

$6,613,593,534

KURTH SCHRADER

DEMOCRAT

CO-1

$6,360,342,447

DIANA DEGETTE

DEMOCRAT

CT-1

$5,803,352,785

JOHN LARSON

DEMOCRAT

SC-6

$5,692,685,784

JIM CLYBURN

DEMOCRAT

AR-2

$5,678,617,115

FRENCH HILL

REPUBLICAN

NY-21

$5,605,890,152

ELISE STEFANIK

REPUBLICAN

WI-2

$5,445,024,619

MARK POCAN

DEMOCRAT

AL-2

$5,035,761,691

MARTHA ROBY

REPUBLICAN

VA-3

$4,652,182,491

ROBERT SCOTT

DEMOCRAT

MS-2

$4,622,501,551

BENNIE THOMPSON

DEMOCRAT

IA-3

$4,093,246,315

DAVID YOUNG

NM-3

$3,905,028,756

BEN R LUJAN

NV-2

$3,697,555,333

MARK AMODEI

REPUBLICAN

CA-6

$3,298,389,963

DORIS MATSUI

DEMOCRAT

DC-0

$3,286,050,703

ELENOR NORTON

DEMOCRAT

WV-2

$3,045,192,611

ALEX MOONEY

REPUBLICAN

MT-0

$2,543,402,927

RYAN ZINKE

REPUBLICAN

MA-7

$2,372,272,417

MIKE CAPUANO

AK-0

$2,338,719,374

DON YOUNG

DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN DEMOCRAT

REPUBLICAN

DEMOCRAT

REPUBLICAN DEMOCRAT

DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN

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PAGE 28

DISTRICT

TOTAL GRANTS RECEIVED FY2016

REPRESENTATIVE NAME

PARTY AFFILIATION

HI-1

$2,240,210,471

MARK TAKAI

DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN

UT-1

$2,189,002,987

ROB BISHOP

ME-1

$2,154,847,302

CHELLIE PINGREE

RI-2

$2,042,232,758

JAMES LANGEVIN

DEMOCRAT

TX-25

$2,007,497,961

ROGER WILLIAMS

REPUBLICAN

NY-20

$1,919,147,871

PAUL TONKO

DEMOCRAT

KS-2

$1,872,973,003

LYNN JENKINS

REPUBLICAN

NJ-12

$1,732,339,082

BONNIE WATSON COLEMAN

ID-2

$1,725,851,719

MICHAEL SIMPSON

DE-0

$1,717,526,620

JOHN CARNEY, JR.

DEMOCRAT

NH-2

$1,698,853,884

ANN KUSTER

DEMOCRAT

DEMOCRAT

DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN

HIGHLIGHTED = THIS REPRESENTATIVE NO LONGER REPRESENTS THIS CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT. SOURCE: FEDERAL CHECKBOOK DATA COMPILED BY OPENTHEBOOKS.COM VIA FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT.

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about american transparency EVERY DIME. ONLINE. IN REAL TIME.

Today, OpenTheBooks.com is the largest private repository of U.S. public-sector spending. With Honorary Chairman Dr. Tom Coburn, our organization has one ultimate goal: post “every dime, online, in real time.” To date, OpenTheBooks.com has captured 4 billion government-spending records, including 16 million public employee salary and pension records across America; nearly all disclosed federal government spending since 2000; and 47 of 50 state checkbooks. OpenTheBooks.com exposed the $20 million luxury-art procurement program at the Department of Veterans Affairs, which forced a public apology from the V.A. Secretary and the adoption of new rules to stop the abuse (2016). The group found 63,000 highly compensated Illinois public employees earned $100,000+ costing taxpayers $10 billion (2017). Recently, OpenTheBooks launched Mapping the Swamp – an interactive mapping platform displaying 2 million federal bureaucrats by employer ZIP code across America. OpenTheBooks.com is harnessing three powerful forces in the internet age: the power of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA); the latest in big data technology; and the ability to follow the money using forensic auditing techniques. The group’s oversight model has led to the assembly of grand juries, indictments, successful prosecutions, congressional briefings and hearings, subpoenas, and Government Accountability Office (GAO) audits, administrative policy changes, federal legislation, and much more.”

Download the OpenTheBooks app here: http://www.openthebooks.com/mobileapp/

Recent investigations include: Mapping the Swamp (FY2016), A Study of the Administrative State (FY2016, Federal & State Government’s Gender Hiring Gap, National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities; Ivy League, Inc.; Federal Funding of America’s Sanctuary Cities; The Militarization of America; Veterans Affairs - The VA Scandal Two Years Later; Truth in Lending - the U.S. Small Business Administration’s $24.2 Billion Failed Loan Portfolio; The Department

of Self-Promotion - Quantifying $4.4 Billion in Federal Public Relations; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Lawyered Up - 25,000 Federal Lawyers Cost $26.2 Billion Since 2007; U.S. Export - Import Bank; Federal Funding of the Fortune 100; U.S. Small Business Administration’s Lending to the Wealthy Lifestyle; and Farm Subsidies in America’s Urban Areas. Visit OpenTheBooks.com to learn more and read these reports. 

The Board of Directors at American Transparency (OpenTheBooks.com) thanks our team:

Adam Andrzejewski, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, authored this report. Matthew  Tyrmand, Deputy Director, disseminated this report to national media. Craig Mijares, Chief Operating Officer at American Transparency, assembled and organized datasets. Frank Bruno, Director of Government Oversight managed our data investigation and oversight teams. Jessie Fox, Communications Specialist, helped draft and edit the report.   

Research Interns included:

Lauren Renslow, Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, Michigan, Moaz Al Nouri, Emporia State University, Emporia, Kansas; Patrick Farrell, Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, Michigan; Alec Mena, Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, Michigan; Madalen Strumpf, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana; John Zachariah Shuster, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; Daniel Sutkowski, Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois. This report quantifies federal transactions compiled at  www. OpenTheBooks.com as a result of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006. To the extent the government makes mistakes in  reporting  inaccurate or incomplete data, our report will reflect these same mistakes.

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Profile for OpenTheBooks.com

OpenTheBooks - Where's the Pork?  

This report maps and provides macro and micro analysis to the $583 billion in fiscal year 2016 federal grants. Additionally, it details 50 c...

OpenTheBooks - Where's the Pork?  

This report maps and provides macro and micro analysis to the $583 billion in fiscal year 2016 federal grants. Additionally, it details 50 c...

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