A Passover Shabbat

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This year Shabbat happens on the third day of Passover, and while it is not a Seder, it is still a special Shabbat and we invite you to introduce elements of Passover into it.

Celebrating Shabbat during Passover is an invitation to let go of the week and infuse the weekend with the energy of the Exodus. With light, wine, and matzah, we honor where we have come from, share where we are, and imagine true redemption — a better future for ourselves and others.

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Lighting Shabbat candles symbolizes the last act of the work week and connects us to passages in the Torah, the Hebrew Bible, that remind us to keep and remember Shabbat.

Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha’olam asher kidshanu

b’mitzvotav vitzivanu l’hadlik ner shel Shabbat v’shel yom tov.

Blessed is the One whose mitzvot sanctify our lives, and who commands us to kindle the light of Shabbat and this holy day.

וּנוּצו ויתצמבּ וּנשׁדּק רשׁא םלעה למ וּניהא יי התּא וּרבּ .תבּשׁ לשׁ רנ קילדהל
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Kiddush allows us to sanctify time We bless wine, we bless the season, and we remember: We are partners with God in the ongoing miracle of creation and recreation, building a better world week after week, year after year.

There was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. And the heavens and earth and all their components were completed. God completed by the seventh day the work that God had done, and God rested on the seventh day from all of the work that God had done. God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, for on it God rested from all of the work that God had done

Attention, my friends:

Blessed is the creator of the fruit of the vine. Amen. Blessed is the One who has lifted us up by deed and by language and whose mitzvot sanctify our lives. You have given us in love, Shabbat as a day of rest, appointed times for celebration, joyful feasts and festive seasons, this Shabbat and the festival of matzot, the season of our freedom, in love as a holy gathering and as a living reminder of our exodus from Egypt. For You have lifted us up and given us as a heritage Shabbat and Your holy festivals in love and favor, in joy and gladness

Blessed is the One who sanctifies Shabbat, the people Israel, and the festive seasons. Amen.


It is customary to say *amen* at the conclusion of a blessing. In Hebrew, amen is a confirmation; saying it completes the blessing, acknowledging its ritual impact

Option 1: Full Shabbat Festival Kiddush
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Va’yihi erev va’yihi boker yom ha’shishi Va’yichulu ha’shamayim va’ha’aretz v’chol tziva’am.

Va’yichal Elohim ba’yom ha’shivi’i milachto asher asah va’yishbot ba’yom ha’shivi’i mi’kol milachto asher asah.

Va’yivarech Elohim et yom ha’shivi’i va’yikadesh oto ki vo shavat mi’kol melachto asher bara Elohim la’asot.

Savri chaverai:

Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha’olam borei p’ri ha’gafen Amen

Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha’olam asher bachar banu mi’kol am v’rom’manu mi’kol lashon v’kidshanu b’mitzvotav.

Va’titen lanu Adonai Eloheinu b’ahavah Shabbatot limnucha u’moadim l’simchah chagim uz’manim li’sason et yom ha’Shabbat ha’zeh v’et yom Chag ha’Matzot ha’zeh

zman cheiruteinu b’ahavah mikra kodesh zecher litziat Mitzrayim

ki vanu vacharta v’otanu kidashta mi’kol ha’amim v’Shabbat u’moadei

kodshecha b’ahavah uv’ratzon b’simchah uv’sason hin’chaltanu.

Baruch Atah Adonai mikadesh ha’Shabbat v’Yisrael v’ha’zmanim

Amen O N E T A B L E . O R G | @ O N E T A B L E S H A B B A T .ישּׁשּׁה םי רקב יהיו ברע יהיו .םאבצ לכו ץראהו םימשּׁה וּלּכיו השׂע רשׁא תּכאלמ יעיבשּׁה םיבּ םיקא לכיו .השׂע רשׁא תּכאלמ לכּמ יעיבשּׁה םיּבּ תבּשׁיו תא שׁדּקיו יעיבשּׁה םי תא םיקא רביו .תשׂעל םיקא ארבּ רשׁא תּכאלמ לכּמ תבשׁ ב יכּ ירבח ירבס .ןפגּה ירפּ ארבּ םלעה למ וּניהא יי התּא וּרבּ ונממרו םע לכּמ וּנבּ רחבּ רשׁא םלעה למ וּניהא יי התּא וּרבּ ויתוצמבּ וּנשׁדּקו ןשׁל לכּמ החמשׂל םידעמוּ החוּנמל תתבשׁ הבהאבּ וּניהא יי וּנל ןתּתּו ןמז הזּה תצּמּה גח םי תאו הזּה תבּשּׁה םי תא ןשׂשׂל םינּמזוּ םיגּח תּרחב וּנב יכּ .םירצמ תאיציל רכז שׁדק ארקמ הבהאבּ וּנתוּרח ןצרבוּ הבהאבּ שׁדק ידעמוּ תבּשׁו םימּעה לכּמ תּשׁדּק וּנתאו .וּנתּלחנה ןושׂשׂבוּ החמשׂב .םינּמזּהו לארשׂיו תבּשּׁה שׁדּקמ יי התּא וּרבּ.

Option 2: Abbreviated Shabbat Festival Kiddush

Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha'olam borei p'ri ha'gafen Baruch Atah Adonai mikadesh ha'Shabbat v'Yisrael v'hazmanim. Amen.

Blessed is the creator of the fruit of the vine. Blessed is the One who sanctifies Shabbat, the people Israel, and the festive seasons.

Conclude with Shechecheyanu:

Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha’olam shehecheyanu v’kiyamanu v’higianu lazman ha’zeh.

Blessed are You, Infinite One, who sustains us, lifts us up, and enables us to reach this season.

From here, the Seder continues at your own pace. The unleavened matzah, which is uncovered and blessed during motzi, replaces challah at your table.


The Shehecheyanu is recited when you experience something for the first time each year and want to give thanks for the moment.

.ןפגּה ירפּ ארבּ םלעה למ וּניהא יי התּא וּרבּ .םינּמזּהו לארשׂיו תבּשּׁה שׁדּקמ יי התּא וּרבּ .הזּה ןמזּל וּנעיגּהו וּנמיּקו וּניחהשׁ םלעה למ וּניהא יי התּא וּרבּ
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Blessing matzah (the unleavened bread that replaces challah this week) is a way to acknowledge our interconnectedness, our dependence on each other for the necessities that enrich our daily lives

Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam ha’motzi lechem min ha’aretz

Blessed is the One who brings forth bread from the earth.

V’achalta v’savata u’varachta

When you have eaten and are satisfied, bless Deuteronomy 8:10

It’s a remarkable thing that Jewish tradition seeks to inspire us to be present before we eat, and all the more so that we are then directed to acknowledge our gratitude after we eat, not for the food itself, but for the incredible feeling of being full At this time, perhaps more than any other, the notion of being sated is powerful. What does it mean to truly be fulfilled? In Hebrew, the root of the word for fulfillment — to be whole, to be complete — is shalem, the same as the root for the word shalom which means peace. May we find peace, a whole and complete peace May we be fulfilled, not only by our food, but by our family and friends no matter how far they feel, and by our actions and our words.

Brich rachamana malka d’alma marei d’hai pita.

We are blessed with compassion by the One who sustains us with bread

יאהד הירמ אמלעד אכלמ אנמחר ירבּ
.תּכרבוּ תּעבשׂו תּלכאו
.ץראה ןמ םחל איצמּה םלעה למ וּניהא יי התּא וּרבּ
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On Passover there are four questions, usually asked by the youngest person. Here are four questions for your Shabbat table:

1. We eat matzah to remember that the Jews had no time to bake their bread before rushing to leave Egypt What do you carry with you? What are you too rushed to do?

2. We eat bitter herbs to remind us of the bitter life the Jewish people experienced as slaves in Egypt. What’s a challenge you faced this year? What’s the greatest thing you learned from it?

3. We dip the parsley into salt water. The vegetables remind us of spring and new life The salt water reminds us of the tears of the Jewish slaves When we dip we remember the pain of the past and the hope of a new future simultaneously How do you remember the past? What are you doing to change the future?

4. On all nights we eat sitting upright or reclining, and on this night we all recline. What makes you feel comfortable? When are you free to relax and recline?

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Passover is all about asking questions; here are two in honor of Shabbat:

1) I get that Passover is a holiday. Does Shabbat count as a holiday too? Like, every week?

Yes. Shabbat is a holiday every week and we’re not kidding. In fact, our modern English word 'holiday' comes from an Old English blend of holy and day, and in Jewish tradition Shabbat is the holiest day of the year every week.

More holy than… Yom Kippur?

While it’s true that Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are very holy and the three pilgrimage festivals of Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot are also strong contenders, if you want to go for the gold, it’s Shabbat all the way. Its frequency doesn’t diminish its importance, which is pretty radical when you think about it

Shabbat is a weekly act of recreation, and creation is our foundation as a people and as a faith Shabbat asks us to recall the narrative of a world created in an evolution of seven days, the seventh of which is set aside as a sacred “other,” a day of rest, reflection, and recalibration. In our modern lives, Shabbat inspires us to be the ongoing co-creators of a better world by embracing a cycle of work and rest in our own lives.

As such, no other holiday in the Jewish calendar, including Yom Kippur and Pass over, supersedes Shabbat.

2) Wait, so if Passover is seven days long, and Shabbat is every seven days, does this mean Passover ends on Shabbat too?

Yes. Well, sort of, depending on when Passover ends for you. Some follow the Reform practice of ending the holiday with one festival day of yom tov, others follow the tradition of ending with two festival days So, depending on your practice, the last full day of breadlessness for Passover 2023 might be Wednesday, April 12 or Thursday, April 13

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