Issuu on Google+

c·O\

Lro01.0Jp11m1 '1/.; Ouocn ovoia; rn.:: lllh.<·11•

Abb.100

GI•/./

o;n1·. .. to: 111. t, 17 - I (-1 O,.-n,J{Jpw.; I <)8 7 -

Naxos. Schau bi Id des Apollorncmpe

mit ,:angcnommcncr

Peristasis.

,

1/>i:/fpor 11p10.;

Von Sudcn

1988


~ffipa, XUAlcl, KUl K00µr1µa1a Grafts, carpets and jewels E. Hatziandreou - G. Milonaki E. Xa1(r1av8p£ou - r. MuA.wvciKll Aiµ11v11 tm9trop110'1l tllc; oµomtov<iiac; va~taKrov O'UA.loyrov (O.NA.I.:)

old market- naA.atci ayopci old market - rraA.ata uvopd

Naxos - tel. 24767 - Xropu Nci~oc_,

'Eroc III n:uxo~, 17 - 18 .1.px. 500 0Ktro~. 1987 - cf)EBP. 1988

lliputtjc; • Ili10Kttltllt;: Opoo novdiu Na!;1m.:cilv l:uU.6ywv (0.NA.!.), Zriveovo; 7 • 9, 10431 AOqvo. tTjA. 52.J 1.4.'9 - 52. .14.567 .1./vtqr;: Ao~ 0t6<p1A.rn;. np6copoc; t..!. 0.NA.! Ync(>Ouvoc; auµ<p0>va µc TO voµo: A. 0t:6tptAoc;: PMiou 3. 112 - 52. AOTjva, TTjA. 861644:1 En1µel..e1a ·v1..11c;: NiKOc; Kc~>11A.A11111ao11c; OpyavwnKoc; fpelJ1µati:ac;: Mavl<i>.ric; t.. Mavoo).<ic; I:uvtaKttioj E1t1tpo1t1\: /\. 0c6<p1A.oc;. t.riµ. BacraAOKl)c;. F. A'111'1TPOKOAAl)c;, M. Kcrouvnc, P. Kcrooupou, N. K£tpa>..A11v1cio11c;. <I>. KoKKOAu)c;. N. At· rloyuivv11c;. HI.. /\1aoup11c;. M. MavooA.a.;. N. Mnci1rn/..oc;. lux. Naun/..1cin11c;. M. NaurrAH.in11c;. HA.. narra'iwavvou, Arr. foxac;. L Xou~oup11c;,Kat !r. 'l'appcic;. YncuOuvoc; yia ttJ No!;o: !r<iOl']r; TmlKwvt<itl']c; Xciipa Na!;ou n1A.. 24.460 - 22.239 t.11µ. BaoaA.aK11c;. Xropu Nc.i!;ou rrit... 2J68 I . 011covoµ1Klj lital(dp11a1J: LUllC(i)V Xou.'.;oupric; - !uvopo1u'.c; Eotorcpucou 1.500 Op)'.. - E!;luttp11mu 2.500 lipx. - No!;iaKoi runoyo1 5.000, KOIVOTl']· tee;. Nouo;o Flpooomo , Opjnvropoi KJ.rr. 7.500 opx. :i:::uvrn!;ri • &1axtiptJOIJ - fpai1µattia: Zrivorvot; 7 • 9, 104J I AOTjva. tr]A.. 52.J4.567 - 52. .'11.439 4I>wrnatoll(CI00tala: TEXNIKH EKt.OTIKH (E. AAMnPINOI) - Apax<il~ric; 61. E!;cip}'.tl(l Tl']A. 36.34.306 - 36.40.375

-

\ J.

01 OVO avanapaauiacu; TWV c<Wq>VAAWV (too vaov TOV An6A.A.wva - l/aJ..dna. atn Xwpa. KG/ WV vaov T'fl; tJqµ'frpar;, O'TO l:ayKpi) npocpxovra1 mr6 to PiPA.io rov Werner Ekschmitt, Kunst and Kultur der Kykladen, Band, 28.2. 1988. Verlag Phliipp Von Zabern mainz am Rhein. To axto10 rou vaov in; tJq11,,rpa.c; avqKc1 arov yvwar6 apxwoA.Oyo M.K. (MavwA.'f Kopps). To PiPA.io µov napaxwp,,ac cvyev1Kd. o q>O.or; Fuivvm; Ba(J/A.e16novA.0t;. KtiTO'l'rJ mu icpo» TOI) AJT6.U(j)va FM. tn; am1cp1Vlj~ JT6). ri~. atn v11ai6a «DaJ.ana».


Fuivvn Ila1tabaKll AKabflµatKou

IlEPIEXOMENA Frdv. nanuOfiKtJ, AKUOllµu'iKOU: BuO'. Aaµ1tp1voub0Kt\, KuO. Flnvsm0't1lµ[ou: Frdv. X0>µata, Entxoupou KaOriy.: N1K. Kt:q>aHriv1ao11:

P. Sauger: I:o<p. Eµµuvom\l .. : fuiv. BaO't/..£1onouA.ou: Mavro/..ri 'l'upp<i: Etu/... napup<i: fi<iv. Aoynp<i: NuE,taK<i Tuplio1a:

LlvvaT6n71:cr; avarrnYecwc; rcov 111w1wv rov A1yaiov

.

3

'EK01;1117 y111 tnv avaaKalf!tf at a 'Ypui Ndf,,ov ro 1987 Mcrouooruiae«; opydvwv KW a(,ia T'lC: npoooopd; MvOo).oytKd Otµara oe «cvtnuara tn; Nd.(,ov «H napovaa «ouioioau; rwv vnocov rov A1yafov ( 1698)»

. .

5

H Xatpcia

uov A}•fwv rrou 11vvoto11Ta1 ut: r17 yr.wpyfa atn Ndf.o NOJ1t11µartKtj iatopia KvK).dJ<1w (600 n.X. - 268 Jl.X.) f10111cv1Kd TO uavtpoxciliot rov KaTod.yp1A.a H rcapdooo17 yu: tn oxo1vonotia otn Nd.f,,o I:vprcA.17pwµanKd atoircia ym TO Naf,1<lKO n5rro N. K. [/0J.1rt<JT1Kri N<il,ov A. (). 0 Fcv. rpop. Iloutiauo» K. A).apdvo<; 11n7 Nd.(,o N. K. Kp17nKrj f]1f]Moo LI. 8. Oocovouiooo. KafJ. Ilavtn: Ilopooaioan rov f]1f]).fov Aycpaavi O.NA.E N. K. ,-jf,,cfm:<; (wypdif!o1: An. Eaxdr;. tJ11J1. flcp1attpdK17<; M. Mawi>A.<i, Tcv1Ktj l:vvOtvo17 T1]<; O.NA.1:.

.

. . . . . . . . . rov N. K. <JTfJV . . ·· · ·· ·

8 13 21

23 33 36 39

46 48

To .. Na1';1aKU» rnl.rn)v rove S1acpcSpmJ<; Nu~iuK01'i<; l:111.A.c'>y0t1<;. u!.. A.a Kat roix; nvcourrn Kou<; avOpwnou<; tOIJ vncrou µm; vc anocrtt/ .. Xouv cro m:p10(\1K6 µa<; r«; ono1ccr&1jJCOTL cpyucri1:<; trn1<; y1u (\1wocric1J0'1'l. 0t.~1ata cmcrnuovic«. t..aoypaq>1 KO KOtV(J)VtK<i Kat at..t..a µJCopm'iv va ljl1/,o(;r.v110ot'Jv o r«; crn)l . . i:.; µu<;. Ta «NoE,1md1•>. OtJ..ouv vo anrixouv r«; nvcuµcmKf.<; Kat Ko1vwv1Kt<; cvncruxic<; rou t6JCoti µa<;. rov JCaA.µ6 mu A.uoti µa.;. Tnv nopcifooiJ mu aU.ci Kai totx; npon/ .. riµancrµou<; y1a to ncpov Kat to µtA.t..ov rou vrimrn·, µm;. H N<i(;o<; ·c1vm µ1a aH1W16t11<; KCll txc• 1JA.11<6 y1a va ypo<prnuv JCOA.A.oi 16µ01. Eivm avc(;av1A.ritri ot fltµurn or. 61..ou<; rou ro~1r.i<;. «I I N<i(;o<; civm wpaia -6nw<; /,h1 11 Bovroprivn-> al..A.ci npi:m:1 vc:ixr.1<; ~HhH1 y1a vu pt..tnw; aurn:i v ' aKou<; KCll xtp1 y10 vn ypc:i<prn; .. Oooi vivovtni µ6vo Kl)ltC<; 1j KUI f.mKpnt.; npootpcpouv i:pyo OjWT]TI K6. 11 npoooopd 6A.wv µa<; unoreA.d ro Or.t1K6 tpyo. Kat Kli01. npoo<pnpa clvrn l..iyri unporrrri crr. o.rr OlflclAOupr. OTO\' TORO 01116. H rniKp1ori dvm cuKoA.11. ri 0111-1101.1pyia

clvci

A YNATOTHTEI: ANAilTYSE!l~ TQN NHI:IQN TOY AirAIOY* Tu vl)oui too Aryuiou eivai cno r«; xapnKtl'JptottK6tt:p£<; nspi<ptpEtt:<; tl'J<; EA.A.ci0oc;. · Onwc; unootl)pt~a cs Mo npomooµt:vec; avaKotvci>oE1<; µou, otll Na(;o Kat P6So, t.vac; !..&yo<; yta rov oxoio l1 emoTl)µri, (Km O\JVE7tW<; o oriµeptv6c; 7tOAltl0µ6<;), yt:vvJi0l'JKE O'tll xropa µa<;, Eivm 611 ri EHaSa S1mpt:ita1, µe tl'l 6ciA.uooa Kat tu ~ouva, oe noA.A.tc; µtKpf.<; nEpt0xt<;, EOKOAll<; ciµuva<; evuvriov ~tvoov KatuKTl'J1wv. Eni nA.fov l1 ycooypa<p1Kl) 0tori S1wK6A.uvE uutl) triv ciµuva, Evci> ouyxp6vwc; EnttpenE tt<; n0Ait1ot1Kt<; crxtoEL<; µe ta noA.1noT1Kci KEvtpa tl'J<; Eyy\l<; AvaToA.Ji<;. Km 10 Jimo KA.iµu wvoooot: lO ~(o Oto onm0po KUl tt<; ouC lltl)oet.<; tWV ltOAl tci>v. • 0/..a auta EUVOOooav to oxriµanoµ6 KpCl'tcOV - n6A.t:wv, 61tOU OAOl yvci>p1Cav o tvu<; tov ciHov, tnmpvav µtpoc; OTllV ciµuva, oKtntovtav EA.t:U0epa, Kat ap)'.lOUV va npoona6ouv va t~ll'YOUV ta (jlUOlKcl (j)UlVOµevu µE rri A.oytKii, av1I va tu anoS{Souv oe unEp(j)UO'IKE<; Suvaµuc;, 6moc; OUVE~OlVE OE 6A.o tOV ci/..A.o 1C60µ0. Ta vrio1a µac; napououi~ouv OTO µtyioto autci ra xapaKtl)plonKa. r1. aut6 KUl 0 CAAl'JVlK6<; 7t0Atttoµ6c; apx10E, an6 to A1yaio, Kpl)tri KOl KuKA.ciSt:c;. 'Eva OEUttpo xapaK'tl'JPlOtlKO tl'J<; xropac; µa<; Eivm, 6tt 'l EA.A.aoo Jitav 7tclVtOtE xropa µe1avaotwv. Eciv l)tav ouvat6 va ll7tOAOylooµE, to 7tOOOOt6 EAAllVlKOU a{µaTO<;, noo unapxe1 otriv o<pl)l..w, 01 ·EA.A.rive<; oev t:iµe0a 10 E1Ca10µµup1a, aAA.ci I 00, iowc; Km nEp1006tEpa. Km an' au11) triv ano\jll'J tu Vl'JOlQ µa<; npwtOOtutOUV. AKOµT] l((ll tu tEAEUtala 150 xp6v1a, µeya/..o µtpoc; 1wv Kato(Koov tric; A0Jiva<;, rwv BoupM>v 1ric; EµopVll<;, Kat noHrov EA.A.riv1Kci>v K01votl)twv wu E1';ootEp1Kou, 1)/..0av an6 ta vrio1a tou A1yuiou. . Eva tpho xapaKtl'Jl)lOttK6 t(l)V Vl'JOlcOV r.lvat TJ UUtOO\OIKTJOl'J, ri SriµoKpariu. An6 triv EHaoa, ntpaoav noHoi KataKtl'Jtt<;, Km ro BuCavr10 titav auwKpntopia. AAA.a otll Pooµm1Cl), BoCuvnv1) Km ToupKlKll rrnplooo, ta EA.A.llvtKa Vllota Kat ~ouva, l)tav navtu oomaottK<i aur6voµu, ta 0101Kouoav Ollµoytpovtt:<; nou entpane ri K01vt) yvci>µri. Mnopouµt: va nouµt:, 6n 01a E/..A.riv11Ca vrima Km ~ouvci l1 S11µ0Kpatla cipxioe 3 tooA.axiotov x1A.tEtl1PiScc; npo Xptotou, Km ouvq:io6riKe, xwpic; StnKonl), µtxp1 ol)µepa. TtA.oc; ota vrima Kat ~ouvci, o n/..ri6uoµ6<; 8tatl)priot: tll yevettK1) tOU ouv6EOl1 µ£ EAaXlOtE<; avaµ{~€t<;. TtA.EOtaia 6µwi; Ta Vl'JOla µac;, 6nw<; Kat ta poova, apx_touv va tpllµwvovta1. Euµ<pwva µe tt<; o:at1onKt<;, ri Atopoc;, ri I:aµoc;, ri Xioc; Kat 01 KuKA.aSec; E!vat ut voµoi, nou txaoav nt:p1006tepo nA.ri0uoµ6 tt<; tEA.wwiec; St:·~aEtripiStc;. Kat txouv rov mo yepaoµtvo n/..ri0uoµ6. 01 vfot q,cuyouv, µtvouv ot ytpot, ri yEWllTllCOtrita µElcllVEtal, KOi l1 6•'110'lµOtl'JW au~avt:tat. Eurnxci><; 6µ00<;, onapx_ouv 61..t:<; Ot 1tpou1to6tot:t<;, ytu va avatptljloµE aoti; tl'JV TQOl'J, uvantOOOOV'ta<; tOV t0upt0µ6, tTJV napayooytj <ppoutoov Km A.axav1Krov, Tl'J Ktrivorpo<p!a PtA.tici>vovtac; tnv

no16trita Cootj<; Km Statripci>vtu<; triv TtoA.monKtj µet<; 1Sta11tp6tl'Jta. To KA.iµa toov vrio1ci>v µa<; Eivm iowc; to Karal..A.riA6tcpo rric; Eupci>nri<; yta toup10µ6, appoxo KaAOICa(pt µE 0t:pµoKpao{t<; OXl ltOA.U llljll'JAE<; xciPri o'ta µeA.ttµ1a. To µriviaio KA.iµu to KaAOKaipl E!val Ya 1) Xa, 'TO KaHitepo yta wup10µ6 o • 6/..o rov K6oµo. 01 1)mot )'.EtµWVE<; Eltltpfoouv va apx.{C£t 0 toup10µ6<; £vwpic; Tl'JV vot{;l'J Kat va tt:A.c1wve1 apya to <p01v6nropo. 0a µnopoooe µ<IA.iota va uvunrnx_0Ei Kat XEtµep1v6<; toup10µ6c;, 6nwc; an6 to 1952 unootripiCet o aKaoriµatK6<; MuptoA6nouA.o<;. To µriv1aio KA.iµu tou 1j1U)'.p6tepoo µ1)va Iw Eivat KnA.uttpo a7t6 rric; RIVIERA trii; ltat..ia<; Kat rania<;. To tonio E!vm 0auµciotO, Kat 7t0lKl/..o. Mnopouv va ylvov1a1 µ11Cpt<; Km <p0rivtc; KpouaC1tpt:c; ot: ye1tov1K<i Yllcn<i. To ta~iSt µE nA.oio £iva1 an6A.aoori. Km to xt:iµci>va, µnopEi va xprio1µ01totl)0Ei at:ponA.<ivo. Ta vrioia µac; E!vat yvwot<i no/..u an6 tl)v 1otopia 100<; Kat txouv apxmoA.oytKou<; tOnouc; ovoµaotou<; Kat µovaStKou.; (AtjA.o<;, l:avtopivri. K.A.n.). Ot wop(o'tE<; ot:v Eivm µ6vo ~f.vot, dvm Kat µctavaorec; an6 ra vrima µa<;. an6yovol µEtavaotwv. Kat Eni nA.tov 7t0AAOi, ltOU tpxovtm Kci0E KOAOKaip1ota vricna, y1a va epyaotoov or. toup1onKt<; Epyaoit<;. Ta VllO~ci µa; txouv enioric; 0uuµao10 KA.iµa, yia 1Ulpuywytj q>poutwv 1Ca1 t..axavucrov. M£xp1 npo oA.iywv OEKaE'TllPiSwv 1)tav an6 wu<; IC\.lpt6tt:pouc; npoµri0emtc; 'Tl'J<; ayopa<; toov A0llvci>v. Te1..eutaia 6~100<; E~t:ronio0lloav an6 'TTJ µaCtKl) napaywytj Kai t11v euKoA6tepri µeta<popa an6 aHr.<; ncp1<ptpe1e<;. Ana to KaA.oKaiP• µE tov toup10µ6 ri entt6ma Katuvcil..ooori dvm µeyaA.ri. Kai Stv unapxt1 A6yo<; ta A.axavtKci Km <ppouta vu tpxovtm an6 rriv ayopa to)V A6rivwv, onco.; ouµPaivc1 twpa oc Rona vl101a. Bt~ata unapxouv OUOK0Al£~. Ot 7taA.att<; ltO\KlAiE<;, Sev dvm mivtOtE l((tt<iAAl'JAE<;. To S1a6to1µ0 vt:p6 Eivat noHt<; q>opt<; Aiyo, Km ro µri E7tint:So tompoc; SuoKo/..euet to n6noµa Km tTJV KaH1tpyc1a. A/..M 'l ooyx.pOVll tE)'.VOAOy{a, 'l aKaH1tpyeta (avtt.Kataotaori toU opyc.i>µaro<; µe ~1~av101C16va), Kat 01 vti:<; tex_v1Kt<; apoeooewc;, emrpenouv tllV Ka/..A.1tpyeta Kat n6noµu µri t:7t11ttSwv tSti(j)Wv. Eni n/..tov txoµe tllV KaH1epye1a ~r.prov <ppootoov Kat t:A.ia<;. ot onoie<; µnopouv va ylvovtm µe aKaH1tpy£1a (xwpic; opyroµara, µe C1Cav10Kt6va) oe noA.u µeyCt.A.ec; £1Ctcior.1c;. H ouyK0µ1S1) i:ivm ~t~ata tvu np6P/..11µa, y1uri anai tEi no/..A.a µcpoKaµata, aAA.a Kat o · au1tj triv nep{ntoool), l1 vcci>tcpri tcxvoA.oyia, Pori0e!. H Ktl)VOtpo<p{a, t6oo y1a Kpta<;, 600 Kat ytu yaA.a, 1Siooc; top{, civ01oe navtotc ora Vllota µac;. Ariµt0upyJ16'11Kav µa/..tow Kat v16mc<; patocc;. Xapri oi:ov 1)mo xe1µrova m ~looKt<; Sivouv no/..u to )'.Etµrova. Km µnopooµE va ~EA t\WOOUµE 7t0AU 'tl'J xA.wp{oa Kat napaywytK6trita aurrov toJV ~OOKWv, µe C1Cav10Kt6vu, A.inavori. £toaywy1) KataH1)A.oov ElOcOV, 1tOWOWV l(Ql 6uµvwoci>v, KQ\ KaH{tEPl'J otuxE!priori (MANAGEMENT). To yi;yov6i; 6n 01 pooKt<; Eivm ouvtj0wi; 1tEptq>pan1f.vt:<; µe tpci<poui;, EUK0A.uve1 tri pe/..tiwOl'J. To KaAOKalp1 ea uncipx_tl pt~ma EAAEl\jlll tpO(j)cOV. Ana tro-

a-

n

MoKoA.ri Km y1 · auto KUI i:rcmvnl'J.

1985.

3 2


Lf ovatotntec avanrv~ew<; rcov VIJaiWV too A ryaioo ciHi:c; rrou yivovTat ~u: noA.u f..l'y6ti:pa µton, Kat o(vouv µi:yaA.a Kilt yptjyopo anotcAto~tota. r1 · uuro npbm va anooiot:tat µqaATJ onuco ic ornv KOtciAATJATJ tKAoytj too npooromxou. Km avti vu y[vet urn µ6vri urmpeotu, vu yivouv m:p1006tepi:c;, OlOlKT)TtKci OVC~ciptT)tE<:; T) µta <.m6 TT)V ciAA.T), OE OlClq)OpO VTJOlci. faT)V tp£UV(l Sev nptnet nott vn Pcisoµe 6A.a to outci OtTJV iota <proA1a. H eyKataA.ctlj/TJ rev vncuov an6 1'UtoiKooc; rev o<peiA.etm cnioric; OtT)V tAA£tlj/T) tatptKtjc; JtcpiGaAlj/T)<:; Kill JtOA!TlOTtKtjc; xivnoric;. LO((l)c; to xc1µciiva. Erroucvo»; itptltE:t va oo0d npoooxtj 0. nuto 1() siltriµa. Enioric; nptim VO Ot(ltT)pT)0d TJ llPXlt£KtOVlKtj l((ll aA.Aa noA.1t10T1Kci xupaKtT)p1ot1K<i ttov vriotwv µac;, aKOµT) Kat ta £0.tµa Kat voorponiu roiv KUTOtK(l)v. ITptnu vu Kaµoµc 6n~c; oi IuJt(l)VEc;. Na itcipoµE Otl El.vat Kal..6 (lJtO TOO<:; <il..Aouc;, xroptc; vu µtµouµe0a tT) voorpomu TOU<:; K(lt tOV «rpoxo srotjc;» TO)V. , r.uvolj/lsovrnc; unopoous vu nouµc 6t1 ta vrima too A1ymou, nou rooo µeyaAo p6Ao tnot~av ornv ioropic TOU EHriv1Kou 'EBvouc, CXOUV 6AE<:; ru; OUVU!OtT)tE<:; y10 VO (l1t0tEAEOOOV OTO µ£AAOV tva an6 ta JtlO EUT)µEpOUVtll tµtjµata TTJ<:; )'.ffipac; µac;.

pa oi nµt; rou Kpfotoc;, rupuov K.A7t. emTptnc1 va tptq>ov:ut tu sci>a QUtOU<:; TOU<; µtjvt:c; µ£ OUYKEVtproµtve<; rpoo«; (cnopoo; K.An.). Xpr.uisovtm j3tj3ma 1em teatciHriAa rupoxouain, K.A.n. AA.1..ci noH<i vno id txouv tjori itpOOOf.UOCl 7t0AU OJt. auttj TTJV cinoljlT). Ti:Aoc; uncipxc1 Kat ri oA.u:ia, TJ onoto unopci vo avantux0Ei oriµovn Kci. Fie VO OV0Jttu)'.0f.i 6µroc; T) ycropytKrj KOi KTT)VOtpO<plKtj napeywyr) )'.pt1<is£tat noHtj epcovo . .6.cv npOKl'.ltlll VU µeta<p~poµE Ota vnoui µac; rcxvoA.oyia i:totµT) cxo ciHcc; xwpcc;. Xpc1as&tm vo ouvouciooµC TE:;(VOAOyio, npooupuooutvr] Ott<:; Kf...1µattK£<:;, £oaq>1Ki:<:; KOi KOIV(J)VLKO - OLKOVOµtKC<:; OOV0tjK&<:; tWV VTJOIWV. T1• µtyaAutcpo µtpoc; aun'\c; TT)<:; spcovcc, nptnc1 va yive1 cs ouvepycetc µc tour; )'.(l)PLKOt>C;, TOI)<; ouvcrotpiououc Kill r«; KOtVOTT)TC<;. Xpcuisovtat cpeuvnrsc, ox1 µ6vo occvoi aHo Kat nou Oewpouv rnv cpyao[a trov, ox1 oov µtoo j31onoptoµou, aU.ci ccv onocroA.tj. Kat r.oci> elver TJ ouoteoA.ia. Yitcipxouv tpcuvec;. 1tOU crnvcxiso~ vrm noHtc; ot:Kactripioec;, µe npooromKo nou txi:1 oAo TO tt>mKa xoooovrc, Kat oA.a ta µton. Km Ssv Kata/..t)youv ce rinors. Kat

BAI:IAH K. AAMilPINOYAAKH Ku0l1Ylltll Fluvemc rqutou

EK0EI:H rIA THN ANAI:KA<DH I:TA YPIA NAE:OY TO 1987

E1K. /. Tu cpeint(). rov /li:rdJ.ou apxai"Kov vaov <no J.c1pdln n7<; N<i.~ov an6 Nona.

EiK.

2.

Mov6).1011 Ko.A.ova 4,35 I'·

Kara u1v rmo,.;d).1;'111i Tl/<;

an6

ro

cawrcptKO rov

vao1).

?~~~-. • N/\'fl.~ 'iQl\I

Oi avaoKa<ptK£<; i:pyaoiec; tou Fluvemcrnpto» A0rivwv orn · Yp1a tric; Nci!;ou TO 1987 tywav ano nc; 5 Auyouotou µ£xpt nc; 5 LEmcµppiou, a<pou nporiytjOT)Kav 01 ouvtj0c1c; npoKatapKnKl:c; cvtpyc1i:c;. 'Onroc; Kat ntpuot tywav oE anp6oKOlttTJ ouvepyao(a µc TTJV oµcioa ap)'.tt£KT0V(l)V JtOI) ouµµEtC)'.£1. H EJtapKtjc; xpriµatOOOtT)OTJ an6 to Jtav£mottjµ10 A0rivrov K(ll TO noAUTEXVEiO tOU Movaxou Kat TJ Jt£pmvr\ £µJt£lpia (PA. ARCHAOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER 1987, 569 - 621) tithptljlav TTJ OUOtl]µaTtKtj aJtOKQAUljlTJ Kat lO\a( tr.pa lKaVOJtOl T)ttKr\ KUTClV6T)OTJ TOU µovaotKtic; oriµaaiac; yta TTJV tOTOpia tT)c; EAATJVlKtjc; apx1'tEKTOVIKtjc; vai:KOU Kttpiou T(l)V rop1µrov apxai:Kcilv XPOV(l)V (itEpiJtOU 570 n.X.) nou pploK£tat £K£L Ta AEiljlava tou, 01atripouµcva oE KaA.utEpTJ Kat<iataori an· on oto µepoc; nou anoKaAuq>0TJKE ntpot, avaoK<iq>0r)Kav µtxp1 to p6pe10 ntpac; tou. Mtvet va £peuvri9r.f aK6µri Tl B.6. TOO yrov{a. napaHriA.a tytVE tpeuva itpoc; ta v6na tOU vaou yta 'tOV £Vtomoµo TOU proµou TOU. Enioric; OTO P6PElO tµtjµa TOu otKoooµtjµatoc; tjp0av 0to q>wc; oaq>tj ixvri ano Tl] µeTatpolttj tou Kttpiou, Katci TTJV ootcpri apxm6TT)Ta, oe. xp1CJttav1K6 va6. TtA.oc; ri avaoKaq>t1. napa TO ytyovoc; 6tl npoypaµµanK<i oEv EKT<i0TJKE ota apxa16TEpa Tou apxai:Kou vaou oTproµaTa, torooE oE ouyK£Kptµtva OT]µEia Evo1aq>tpovta oTmxEia yin To µeyc0oc;, TO O'X,tjµa, TTJ A£lTOupy{a Kat TTJ x,povoAoy(a TOU 1taAa16t£pou VaOU, TOV OJtOio aVttKateOtTJOE OTOV (OtO xcnpo 0 ap)'.alK6<;. To apxai:K6 O\KOMµriµa anoodx0TJKE ')'EV\KQ 6n EIXE TTJ µopq>tj Kat t<l yvwp(oµata nou uno0toaµe 6n txci amS TTJ µeptKtj Tou avaoKaq>tj TO 1986. CTp6KEtta1 yta tvav emµtjKTJ olKo, µE µvriµt1WOlJ 0upaio toixo. µ£ µr.yaA1':l1K<i µapµciptva ototxcia (KaT<l>q>A.t µov6A10o µtjicouc; 4 µ., µov6A.10ec; napaot<iotc; µtjKouc; 5 nepinou µ.) Kat ro(xouc;, mixouc; 1,25 µ. ata 0tµtAia, an6 ypavitri one; nA.euptc; Kai nioro. Ot ro(xoi auto{ tjtav m0av6tata emw1oµtvo1 µE Atm6Tat0 µap11ap1vo Kovlaµa. Eorotep1K<i untjpxav Mo oe1ptc; an6 TEOO£p£1c; Kiovcc; JtOU xroptl;av TOV o{Ko OE tp(a KALTTJ. Ot Klovec; auto(, anotEA.ouµevoi an6 ouo troc; Tp(a µov6A.t0a Koµµ<ina o Ka0tvac; (oro0riicnv Tpia nn' auta, to µtyaA.utepo µE 4,35 µ. µr\Koc;), tµeivav riµltpyot. T6oo 01 p6.0E1c; Touc; ooo Kat 01 Kopµoi Kat ta K1ov6Kpava oou:>..cuoVTav one; :>..cntoµtpe1tc; teuc; µtt<i tT)v TOJt00etT)Otj TOU<; OTTJV OplOtlKtj TOU<; 0foT). 'Etol aJtO tOV UAlKO nou ocii0TJKE µnopd Knvdc; va onouMo£t ano 'tTJ µ1a n:>..eupa TTJ ytveori twv µopq>ci>v tT)c; 1wv1Kr\c; apx1t£Kt0v1Ktjc; Kat an6 TTJV <iAATJ ttc; npw1µ£c; tE)'.Vtdc; KaTaCJKtutjc;. n.x,. Ol itpwTEc; aJtO TTJV t{0000 P<iottc; napououil;ouv KUAtvopo puOiaµtvo mo toaq>oc; Kai tOtnhEpa JtEitA.atuoµevri oneipa (µEt<iPaori an6 TTJV apx1Ktj AE1toupy1Ktj µopq>tj tT)c; KUAlVOplKtj~ Al01vric; p<ioric; OTTJV TEKtOVIJ(cl ap0proµtvri tCllVLKtj µopq>tj tT)c; oKoTlac; Kat tl]c; ondpac;). q.1..ec Paocic; napououi~ouv TTJV C01a otaµopq>roOTJ, ana. JtOAU al>pa bouAEµEVT), cv<l> 01 µeaa(ec; l:)'.ouv µe(ve1 otri µopq>tj tou KuA.(vopou nou «1t£p1txe1» Kat ta ouo or01xela. Ta K1ov6Kpava napoumci-

< ~ (oov "' """" vuO•«<"

4

"i-.' ~

00

.

"'.

"vare

~ P'd /f"'j

/•

n~o"'""

i<aµ6p-" w

l(l)V\KOU exlvou. Ta «q>UAAa» autci µciHov tswvav oA6yupa TO KtovoKpavo, oE µia A.n6tcpri µopq>tj, nou otri Na~o 01atT)pEitat Jtap<iAATJACl µt TTJV avamu~ri t(l)V EA(K(J)V tou l(l)V\KOU KlOVOKpcivou. Ioiahepa tvo1aq>tpov dvm TO OtOl)'.tio TOO aOUTOU, JtOU pcPaiw0riKE 6n un<ip)'.Et OTO va6 aut6 . .6.T)µ1oupyeiTm µ£ tvav EyK<ipo10 TO!xo tOU OJtO{ou Ol op0oot<iTE<; Eivat µapµap1vo1. Heupa an6 tOV Kup(roc; )'.filpO itpoc; TO clOUTO tjtav EJtlOT)<; µVT)µElWOTJ<:;. r.triv T£AtKtj TOu µop<ptj o vaoc; 01t6eTE µta npooTaori nou µnope! va (XJtOKataorn0£(. ouµq>wva µe TO owl;6µeva Aeiljlava, µ£ ttaOEPEl<:; 1wv1Kouc; Kiovec; µe £A1KroTci Ktov6Kpava (AA 1987, 594). H tpeuva Trov 0EµEAirov TTJ<; np6otaoric; auTtjc; tot:i~t 6n TJ oro~6µeVTJ KaTaoKtutj l:ytvE, to vwp!tepo, tov nproto n.X. at. · Oµwc; TJ np6xe1pri £tK6va twv awl;oµl:vwv 0eµtf..(wv, TJ avttoT01xia 1ric; np6otaoric; npoc; triv np6oolj/TJ tou o(Kou KCll ri µ<iHov oa<ptjc; otaq>opci £voe; tµtjµatoc; tou apxai:Kou uA.tKou nou q>aiveTat va avtjKe ae µm TEtota np6otaori ano to OAIKO nou PEPaiwµtva npotp)'.£tm an6 TO eowttp1K6 t'ou o(Kou, E~TJYOUVTm :>..oy1Kci av ocx,touµc 6T1 ri oro~oµevri npooTOOTJ avnKatCoTTJOE tK 0£µ£A.irov µ1a Jt(lAtOn:pri oµota KataOKEUtj. 0 nprotoit6poc; 0)'.E8taoµ6c; TOU µvT]µEtci>Oouc; (lUTOU OlKOOOµr\µaTOc;, TJ tHelljlTJ EµJt£lpiac; OTT) 0Eµ£A{roori, Ka0wc; Kill TJ µaKpOXPOVTJ srot1 TOU Knp{ou, tjtav 01. atTiEc; JtOU ootjyrioav oc unoxroPTJOTJ Trov 0EµeA.(rov Km OtTJV avci.yKTJ tT)c; mo ncivro tmoKtutjc;. 'Eva npoo0eTo µttpo tjtav ri itciKtWOTJ Trov (kµtAfo.iv trov ypavinvrov to!xwv, EOWTEPtK<i Kat E~(J)TCPIK<i, µE 1oxuptj Ai0tVT) avttottjpt~T). n10av6taTa µE TTJV avttµCTWltlOTJ tOU itpop/..tjµatoc; tT)<; EltlKf VOUVTJ<; y1a ta 0EµEAta uypaoiac; - to Kt(p10 ppi0Keta1 µtoa otriv neo1ci0n, 7 µ6Atc; µl:tpa n<ivro ano tri oriµepivr\ £m<pave1a tT]c; 0cil..aoaac; - auvofovTat tpc1c; A.<iKKOl avo1yµtvo1 oto torotepiKO tOU vaou, yEµ<iTOt µe lj/lAtl aµµo, o(JtACl otouc; to{xouc; KO! aJttVaVTt an6 K<i0E Klova TTJ<; avatOAtKtjc; EO(l)TCplKtjc; KlOVOOtOt)'.iac;. To µt1Koc; OAOKATJPOU tOU vaou, µas! µE TTJV JtpOotaori. tq>0avt Ta 28.55 µ. (JtAOTO<; 13.60 µ.), 01aotclOEI<; JtOU JtAT)Olcisouv to oU.. VT)0£c; OtOU itpliltµouc; µ£yciAOU<:; vaouc; O)'.tjµa TOU EKatOµJtEOOU. 0 np6opoµoc; autou tou vaou xpovoAoytjOTJKE eq>ttoc; ompfottpa otT) otpoq>tj tou 8ou npoc; rov 7o at. n.X. Oc; npoc; TO oxtjµa tou Kat ttc; 01aotcioe1c; Too, To µ6vo PtPmroµtvo oto1xcio e!vm to N . .6.. tou tµtjµa. 0 outtKoc; tou rnixoc;, nou anoKaA.uq>0TJKE oe µtjKO<; 12 µ., £Tp£X,£ 0£ £Jtaq>tj µc tOV .6. TOl'X,O tOU ap)'.atKOU vaou Ka\ tEA.tirove K<itro ano TOV 0upa(o tou toixo . .6.ev £iva1 o(youpo aveKd oxriµan~e nnpaotaoa Ti yrovial;e npoc; rn avatol..1icci. H ttKOva autt1 unopane1 tTJV uJt6vo1a Ev6c; oiKou oiaot<iotwv napaitAr\oiwv µE EK£iV£<; TOU apXUlKOU vaou. ~TO KEVTplKO KA.hoc; TOU apxal'.Kou Kat atov r.yK<ipmo <i~ova tou tphou Kiova, anoKaA.U.. q>Ol]Kav oaq>tj A.d1j1ava µ1ac; µeyciA.ric; eoxapac; µe ttq>pa yeµan1 ano Kaµµt\41 oota Kat ooTpaKa. Ait6 TO XPlOttaVlKO vao pptOriKaV AtlljlUVa tT)c; P<ioric; ev6c; e(l)paKEiOu, JtOU i:KAElV£ tO )'.WpO OTOV EyK<ipOtO Q~OVa toU tpitou E-

·••«•• '°" 5


'EKOca17 yta

TIJV

avaaKa(f)~ at a 'Ypia Ndcoo to 1987

oum:pucou teiova 1ea110 1:y1ea(v10 tT)c:; c1e1eA.11oiac;, rrou cl)'.£ tT) uopcpt) µ11cpou 1eu1e>..11eou A.<i1e1eou cmxp1oµl:vou µi: xoopccdvi, nou 01ei:na~6tav arr6 1euA.1vop11et) µapµap1v11 rr>..ci1ea ue ro ypaµµata A - n xapayµl:va OTTJV crrcivw cmcpcivc1ci tTJc:; (LIITERAE APPIKATAE). H un66co11 nou EK<ppaotTJICC rrl:pm (PA.. AA 1987, 608 KE), on ta Soo ayci)..µata otpannwv n1c:; votcpric; cU riv1on1et;c:; crroxt;c:; rrou

ppl:6111eav µfoa cro va6 ouvotovta1 ~IE to Mtipteo Avnovio Kat tu:; oxtoc1c; tT)c; Na~ou µc tTJ P6oo Katti TO 4-0 rr.X., £Vl0)'.U0T)ICC cpttoc; µi: tT}V EUPEOTJ tµriµtitwv an6 rn; PQ0E1C; rtov ayaA.µtitrov, µcta~u ttov onoltov Kat Evcrriypacpa. Enio11c:; ppteTJK& to aya)..µcino nou cporoooc ore xtpia tTJ<; TJ µcyalutcpri arr6 nc:; µopcptc:; auttc;. H veo ott;pt~TJ yia TTJV tUUtlOTJ rev tpyrov autwv CVlO)'.UCl tT}V cno000TJ tOU vcoo OtOV ICVPlO Oc6 tnc:; N6.~ou, TOV. 6t6vuoo.

A0HNAI: r. KAAOrEPOIIOYAOY

NAOI: TOY AIONYI:OY (;) !;TH NAEO 'Eva vso EUprtµa EKrtArtKttKtJ~ O"rtµaO"ia~ 1CtTJpt0t11Ca: av6.Aoytc:; 01aottioe1c:; 1Ca1 µopcpt') 1Ca1 c!xc xnotd an6 to iow uA.11C6. f1a TllV 1..atpda XPTJOiµwt µ1a to)'.<ipa tttpdyCllvll. 2,30 X 2.30 µ., nou cn101CtoaotT)Kt ot 01a1popcc:; xpov1Ktc:; q>cioc1c:;. An6 TT)V i:uptoT) 1Coµµat16>v ayydwv µtoa OtT)V tl:cppa, uno>..oyiCtta1 6n ty1vt y1a npci>tT) <p<>p<i yupCll oto 700 n.X. H ~ro1' TOU tenpiou '1tav µa1ep6., e<p · 6oov ta naA.16tEpa euptiµata x.pov0Aoyouvta1 otov 80 rr.X. a1. · Exouv yivc1 01a<p0ptc:; 1:mo1ewtc:; oto Ktip10: Ano nc:; 1Cup1cc:;, t')tav TJ tonoOhllOT} nA.aKci>v nropo)dOou OTO £O(J)t£ptK6 y1a TTJV topao11 ~OALV(l)V OTTJptyµatrov. To oancoo TOU vaou c{vm an6 «µapya .. (natllµEVTJ Yll) KL Elva1 20 £1(, xaµT}AOttpo an6 TO ICaTW(pAl. :Eta <i1Cpa, TO Mncoo 01Cafl6tav 1ea1 naKCllVOTav µc A.100Myriµa Kat otpCllv6tav µeta. Ava>..oy11 n<i1Ctrooll y1 v6tav Kat OTO E~ClltCpllCO TOU VClOV KCll yta TllV OtepeCllOll TOU ICtlp[ou, aH<i K'al yta TllV µaotCUOll TWV vtpwv TOU i:oacpouc:;. :Eta 10)'.UpOtCpa OTJµcia urrt)p)'.aV cpptclTlCl µc 1Ca0apt') 0aAQOOla aµµo, ltOU Ott<; ICp{oiµcc:; 7ttpt600U<:; CrtCtpC7tC TTJV QVTAT}Ol] TOU VEpou. Ta npoPA.t)µata nou napouo1<i~t1 o va6c; tiva1 no/..M, t1011ea ap)'.1tcKTov11Cci, 1e1 i:vci) o 0µ1>..11ttic:; ta avt>..uot ota 1Cup1a OT}µtia touc:;, OEV ncp11..aµflavovtal £OW. navtroc:;, 0cwpci PtPato 0 IC. Aaµnpl vouOciKTJc:;, 6n o va6c:; tjtav an6 ta apxar1Ca xp6v1a np6otu>..oc:; TetpciotuA.oc:; (011>... µ£ µ1a KlOVOOTOl)'.ia 4 ICl6VCllV £µnp6c:; an6 tllV np600ljltl TOU). To 1Ctip10 El)'.E ~wt) roe:; touc:; uotcpouc:; )'.p6vouc:; tT)c:; Proµmo1Cpatoplac:;. Mvriµc1wotc:; t)Tav to 1Ctlp10. Di>0l]KE µ<iA.1ota to Katoocp>..1 wu, µapµap1vo, ~1t')1C. 4 µ. Km n/... 1,07 µ. MVT)µt1a1Ct) µopq>t) Elxav Km 01 1euP6nA.1v(}o1 ot~t<i 1e1 ap1otcpci tou. A1C6µ1l, 01amotwveTa1 an6 ta aroC6µ£va i)'.VTJ T} unap~T) µapµoplVCllV op0ootatwv,o E Mo OElptc:;, naxouc:; 0,85. H Wpa tlxc µapµdplVE<; napaotaScc;, ltA. 86 Kat !tel)'.. 59 CIC .• Eva Koµµ<iTl tT]c:; Sc~1ac:; ot001l1C£ ~ untp0upo OTT]V n6pTa TOU 'ATJ ftti>pyll, OlClt'lpti>vtac:; ti<; ontc:; an6 TO OUOTllµCl aVclptTJOll<; TT)<; 6upac:; µ£ OUVC)'.£l<; OtpOcpE{<;. fiAArIOI TOIXOI Elxav ncixoc:; 1.30 Km TO PaOoc:; tile:; uno0i:µcA.{Cllot)c:; 10uc:; tcp6avt to 1.20 £1(. EEOTEPIKO

fall oc1pa nev ta1Ct1Kci>v 0µ1J.1oov, nou opyavwvc1 otT) 01apK1:1a tOU )'.Ctµrova to MouoEio N11C0Aciou rou>..avopt), 0 ICCl01l"(TJTtic:; Bao. /\aµnp1vouM1C1lc:;, ava1Coivoioc, tTJv ntpaoµtv11 ePooµaoa, tTJV tcpcionac:; oriµaoiac:;, y1a tTJV 1atopia tT)<; apxaiac:; Naoooµlac:;, anoteaA.u'l'TJ tou vaou tou L\1ovooou (;) OTT}v ncp1oxti · Yp1a, rrou ppio1Cctai oto /\c1pao1, tll µovao11Cl'1 µcyaA.11 napa)..1a m:ouiSa TOU VTJOlOU. To 6voµa 'Ypta npotp)'.Etal an6 tll A.t~TJ rvp1a, 011A.. to1xoyup1a (tCllv A.i01vrov ni:p1P6A.rov tCllv KTT)µtitCllv otT) Nci~o).

H cptuVl'JtlKtl oµaSa nou £1eaµc w; i:pyaolcc:; ta ouo ti:A.cutaia XP0Vla, 1986 ICQl 87, (lltOtd.clta1, EICtO<; llltO tov·(otO, 1tOU0lCU0UV£1 to tpyo, tTJV IC. Eua MnoupvHi, At1Ctopa tile; Apxmo>..oyiac:; OtO navtn1ott)µ10 tile:; A0t)vac:;, touc:; apxa10A.6youc:; ap)'.lTEICTOVE<; IC. flC. f1epouµTtF;v IC(l\ Mav6All Koppt, an.a Kill an6 oµaoa (j)OltllTWV tou flavemOtTjµiou. '01..01 µ6)'.0Tjoav noA.u, ytat( tO np6_pA.TjµCl nou c!xav va avt1µ1:twnioouv napouoia~i: µcya>..tc:; SuoKoA.itc;. Ta cpd ma TOU VEOll vaou, ltOU tci>pa t)'.OUV npopaAEl 6A.a TOU TCl 0tµt>..1a, ppio1Covtm 30 £IC. n<ivCll an6 to apxaio tSacpoc:;. Ano1CaA.uq>0111Cav, Cl1C6µ1l, TtOAU EV01acp£povta OTOL)'.cia an6 TTJV avroooµt) TOU vaou, CTOI WOTC TJ µi:Altll JtOU av.111..t;cpOlllCE va copaCcta1 oc ouy1CCKp1µtva wptjµata, tot,w K'Cll anoonaoµanKci. 0 va6c:; dva1 µr.ya>..o 1Ctlp10 KCll, teupiroc:;, 01aTTJPtWTJ1C£ 11 Oi:µt1..iCllCJti mu. Anoti:>..citm an6 tva µcya>..o «OllCO» (tov 0111e6) 01aot. 13,16 X 24,32 µ. Xo1pi~ctm µc ouo ot1ptc:;,o an6 4 1Ciovtc:; 11 dOt µCa, oc tpia K:Alt11 Kt a1C6µTJ tx.£1 «oOuto» paOouc:; 2.60 µ. ni:p(nou. 0 tolxoc:; TTJ<; np6001j1'1<; OTO ICatrottpo tµtjµa KCll OTTJ µv1')µ£1a1Ctl 01)pa i:to6oou, civm an6 µapµapo. To ioio ouµpaivtt Km µt TOV cy1eapo10 TO!)'.O TOU aOUTOU. 01 rrMy101 Kal 0 onloOtoc:; t0lxoc:; E)'.OUV yivEt an6 aopd ypav1ttv1a ay1Crovap1a µ£ ytµ1oµa (Jt(l ICCVO. :EtllV np600ljlTJ TOU OllCOU ICQt(lOICCUQOTT}ICt µta «itp6otaOll» l(Ql ta ICOµµat\Q TTJc:;, JtOU ot06Tj1CQV, Od)'.VOUV nroc:; t')taV µapµapLVTJ, µc tl:oocp1:1c:; lCllVllCOUc:; IC{ovi:c:;. YnoA.oyi~ovtac; TO oUVOAO TOU OlKOooµt)µat0c:; PA.trtCl Kavc!c:; 7[(J)c:; t1p6avc ta 28.41 µ. µt)1Coc:; JtOU !tEpiJtOU n>..llotaCouv ta 100 va~1a1Ca n601a. 'Etm, µnopouµc va novµt nroc:; o va6c; t)tav .. c1eat6µncooc:; ... tvac; noA.u µcya>..oc:; OTJA. va6c:;, JtOU x.povoA.oyt)OTJICC an6 '[(l IClVT)td Eupt)~1ata tOU yupCll OTO 570

Naf,1aKd rcvxor; 17 - 18. 0Krwfip10r; 1987 - <l>efipovdp1or; voxpcvc nou ppt0ri1eav oEixvouv tTJV c~a1pEt1Kt) notornrc tTJc:; spyaolac:;. A6YTO 0 tolxoc:; rou aoutou Eixc µapµap1v11 paori µi: 0pavio cµnp6c:; ICQl µvTjµE1a1Ct) µ11ep6tCPTJ 0Upa µc ICQtW(j)Al 2,5 µ. (oti>0TJICE to µ106). Ta Kcpaµio1a t)tav µapµaplVa. Bptcxerm oe an6otaori 13 µ. arr6 to va6. AATPEYOMENH 0EOTHTA Atv £mo11µ<ivthj1C£ ICQµlQ EVOEl~TJ y1a unap~T) Aatp&UtllCOU ayaA.µatoi;, xou ioroc:; t)tav µ11Cp6 Km ~uA.1vo. H µ6vri tµµeori l:voc1~TJ T\tav ta ay<iAµata Mo 0Cllpa1Cocp6pCllv µopcpwv, noo rrptnc1 va otl:Kovtav 1Covt<i crov Jo xtove TTJ<; ap1otcpt)c:; oc1p~. cc PaoT} an6 ypavhri. To l:va <iyaA,µa, to cnuuvnxorepo, arrc11e6v1~c rnv ttµrop{a tTJc:; 6iplCT}c:; OTO 0ci>pa1Ca, avt1yp<icpovtac; TO yvCllot6 po01a1C6 ouµnA.tyµa noo µEtacptp0TJICE tO 42 rr.X. OTTJV ltaA.ia. Iho K'<ltCll, stvci yA.unt6c:; o Hpad.tjc:; ue ro A.1ovtcip'11Ca1otov1Ctvtp11C6 ti~ova roe 0oopa1Coc:; o 616vuooc:; ue to aµntA.1 Km rov miv0ripa. H µopcpt) 1CpQtOUO£ OTO )'.Cpl tTJc:;, £va ayaA.µ<iTIO, !tOU Ot0l)'.£ta TOU PPE0TJ1Cav cpttoc;. flp61C£\TQl y1a ayaA.µtitlO <imcpric:; NiKTJ<;. To aya>..µa )'.povoA.oyt)6TJIC£ oTO 40 n.X. Kat tpµT}vtu01lK£ ll µopcpf\, µ£ P<loT} tnv £11Covoypacp{a rou 6wpa1ea, Cllc; o Mdpxoc Avrtbvroc, nou )'.ap101: tT) Nci~o otouc:; Pooiouc:; ICQ\ 01£t~t arr6 rnv A0t)va, va rov 1..atpEoouv Cll<; Nl:o 616vuoo. Aut6 ioCllc:; civet tvotl~TJ >..atptiac:; 610\/Uoou ore · Ypm, y1ati orov 6t6 npoordrn tTJc:; NW,ou T\tav (j)UOllCO Va Ey1Cataota0£i we; ol>vvaoc:; 0 0C01t0lllµtvoc:; M. A-

1988

VTWVtOc:;. :E'tTJ (j)ETlVtl avaoKaq>t) pptOTJICE l:va a1C6µ1l OTOlX,£10, µta a~a01lµan1Ct) cmypacpt) Tw1 0cw1 Kaloap1. ·Apa np61Ccnm y1a avaOcoll otov 01CTaP1av6, np1v ovoµaotti Auyouotoc:;, OTJA. ocpaot6c:;, TO 27 n.X. H Emypa<pt) ElVQl ypaµµtVT) ICQT(I) an6 QJtO~EOTJ naA.m6ti:pric:; ~n1ypacpt)c:;. Av yp<iq>TJICC aµfoCllc:; µua TTJV i:mtepcitriori '£OU AuyOUOTOU, y1a Va aVTlKQTQOtt)OEI TllV apx11et) ava0Col), aut6 nptn1:1 va tytvc µ£ tllv «1Catao(1Cll tile:; µvt'lµTJc:;" tou AvtCllviou, nou t11eov1~6tav ap)'.tKa. To ayalµciTto tile:; NilCT}c:;, TJ cmypacpt) ICQl TJ YAUJtTllCtl otalC60µllOll TOU 0oopa1Ca £VIO)'.UoUV TllV aJtOOOOTJ tT}c:; A.atptiac:; om va6 tou 616vuoou. AAAA ETOIXEIA H µvllµElClKOTT}TQ, ll 1tClACll0Tllta IC.Alt. '£OU vaou OUVtEAO~V yta va 000~1 TE~tiona oriµao!a o;ov vl:o va6, nou ll ~rotj too 01a~1Ccl noHouc:; mCllvcc:;. L\(vc1 OtolXtta y1a µcp11e<i an6 ta onooom6ttpa Ptiµata tT}c:; µv11µE1a1er\c:; EAATJV11Ct'lc:; apxn1:1Ctov11Ct)c:; otriv apxa16TTJta. 0 tunoc:; tou t~ciHou (µcyaA.oc:; oi1Coc:; µi: np6otaOT} ... dvm yvCllot6c:; 1Ca1 an6 ta Kalan601 tile:; $816it1oac:;, KL anottA.ti µ1av an6 nc:; aq>tTTJpiEc:; tTJc:; Sriµ1oupyiac:; tile:; «m:piotaollc:; ... r!vtta1 µapµap1~oc; oc ?Ptoµtva Ollµcia, on6te o 0pu>..11e6c:; N<i~1oc:; µapµapott)'.VLtT}c:; BuCric:;. YVCllOt6c:; an6 ttc:; nmtc:;. ltATJ0tciCt1 JtOAU Of. µac:;. E(va1 1w~11C6c:; v?6c:; oe nc1paµarnc6 otdoto, A.cntoµtpc1a ~aipctllc:; ollµao1ac;. r1 auto, to vto aut6 tupriµa 0cropdtm C1CltAT)KTt1Ctjc:; ollµaoiac:;. Ka817µcpwtj 14.2.88

E1K. 3. Map/ldp1v17 P6.u17 1wv1Kov Kfova a7t6 ro eawrcp1K6 rov vaov.

n.X.

K<itro an6 to 011eo06µT}µa nou ano1Ca1..ucpOTJ1C£, 6~1~. 01am0Tci>OTJ1CC ll unap~TJ na>..m6ti:pou vaou, nou cixc rrcoinou ta lo1a x.apa-

£1K. 4. Apxaitt; ).aro/licr; .. arov Kar(1).1tp17 ra X<iJ.apa ..

6

7

Mo

6rcou rcpotpxcra1 o )•pavfrt/<; rou apxaii<ov vaov.


Na~taKd revxoc; 17 - 18. 0Krw{Jp10c; 1987 - <Pe{Jpovdpt0<; 1988

rIANNH XQMATA E1tiKoupou Ka011yrttt1

METAMOI:XEYI:EII: OPrANQN KAI ASIA THI: IIPOI:<l>OPAI: Kupiec; K<ll Kup101 <piA.ot µou ouµnaipirotec; Km ouµ1tatp1ci>nooec;, H MeyaA6xapT) tT)c; Tt1vou T) µ£y<iA.TJ OOTJ'Yt1tp1a, <paivetm 6n <pc.i>t1oe Kai oSt1rTJoE tov E~wpai'on1e6 l:uHoyo l:µapoa1eitou Ttjvou, o onoioc; µaCi µ' <iUouc; KuKA.aoit1Kouc; l:uAl.oyouc;, nc; aKOupaotEc; 7t007ttl0e1ec; tOU npotSpou IC. <I>c.i>OICOAOU Kat tT)V EV£py6 ouµµetoxtj Kat UljlTJArl emotnoia tou E~aipetou Emotljµovalatpou Kapo10A6you - Kupiou Kap0aµitcrTJ ouvtA.apav tT)v iota ICQ\ opyavrooav tl)V anOljllvTj µac; O'UYKEVtproOJ). En! K£<paA.Tjc; Kai CJT)µato<p6pm A.om6v 01 TT)vtaKoi Kat Kata ouµj3oA.tKt'v ouyKupiav K<itw ano tl)V CJKE7tTJ tou Ayiou Atovuolou, µac; ooT)youv Kat µac; npotpfoouv oe µ1a nayKu1CA.aS1Kt1 navav0pc.OmvT) :Etaupo<popia. Mta l:taupo<popia nou aKon6 tx.e1 tT) poljee1a 1ea1 tT)V npoo<pop<i ay<inTJc; npoc; tov 7tAT)O{ov. Touc; wxap1ot6> Oepµotata 7t0U tKavav Kat OE µtva tT)V lOlaltEPTJ auttj ttµtj, va µe KaA.toouv va naisro Kanoto p6A.o, ouµj3ciHovtac; µ£ tT)V ll1t6AUt0 1tl0tT) µOU Kat µ' 6)..ec; tl<; OUVaµEtt; OTT) I:taupo<pop{a autt1. H StKtl µou ouµj3oA. rj Kat 01K6c; µou poA.oc;, ££vat va oac; evT)µEpci>ow un£u0uva y1a nc; np6o<patec; Emteu~Etc; tT)c; latp11eljc; otov wµta twv µetaµooxeuoerov, toviCovtac; aac; oA.wc; 101atttproc; Kat tT)V µeyaA.T) 011µaoia Kill tT)V a~ia n1c; npoo<pop<ic; opyavffiv y1a µetaµ60XEUOT). H otKTj oac; anootoA.t1, a<pou µ£ aKouoete, a<pou oac; ndoffi µe 6oa oac; nw ywuta nou ea oac; 7tffi Kai a<pou ta ouve1ST)tono1tjoete Kat 7t£to0dte y1a 6A.a, Oa clVlll, -oav clAA.Ol KtlPUK£<;- va ta µEta<pi:p£t£ o • 6A.ouc; touc; yvwotouc;, auyyEveic; Kat <p!A.ouc;, nou ocv µn6peoav va £ivm 07t61j1E eoro, Kill VO tOU<; ndottE VO y(VOUV Kl auto( KflpUKE<; Kat OettKoi <p0pdc; tT)c; tStac; autljc; tT)<; npoo<popac;. Ki auto Stott, tO etµa 7tOU ea ode; ava7ttU~(J) a1tOljfE, £1Ctoc; ano to 1ea9apwc; emotT)µov11e6 txe1 Kat tep<iotto Ko1vwv11eo ev&1a<ptpov Kat oriµaoia. H µi;yciA.T] 0£ autlj Q7tOljllVTj ouydvtpWOT) oe!xve1, ox1 µ6vo to UljfT)A.6 nvwµan1e6 r.nlneSo 1ea1 tT)v S(ljla oac; yta µaeT)OTJ, aHci <paveprovet ouyx.p6vroc; Kat ta A.ent<i, euyevtKtl 1ea1 aA.tpoui'.on1ea ouvata0ljµata nou oac; &1aKattxouv. ea Tjtav µEytlAT) nap<iA£11jfT) va µT)V oµoA.oytjoCll, 6n to EVOta<ptpov oac; aut6 Kat TJ npoot)..euoT) ec5w toowv £1CA£Ktci>v £Knpooci>nwv tou nveuµat1KOu Kat 7tOA\tllCOU te6oµou tT)<; XWP<lc; µac;, nou nµouv µ£ tT)v napouola tone;, tTJV a7tOljf1vlj µac; ouvavtl)OTJ, eveappuve1 Kl eµljfux.wve1 Kl eµ<ic; touc; ytatpooc;, oto tooo SOoKo)..o Kat U7teueuvo tpyo µac; K<ll µac; EVlOX,UEl Tj0\Kcl OtT)V clOKVO Kat OlTJVEKtj ay<l>va µac;, evavtiov tT)c; q>Oopac; tou av0pronlvou o<l>µatoc;. r1 · auto EK<pp<iCol npoc; 6A.ouc; oac; ttc; 0epµ6tatec; wxaptotiec; µOU, OAAQ Kat toV eauµaoµ6 Kill ta E~AlKplVlj µou aurxapl)ttlpta. Km twpa ac; tA.Oouµe otl)V ouoia tT)c; ano1j11vt1c; ouyKtvtpffiOT)c;. H iota twv µctaµoox£uoewv <paiv£tat 6n anriox6A.T)O£ to avOpromvo nveoµa an6 tic; apxtc; trov µuOwv Kat tT)c; lotopiac; tou.

Aev Eivm oe unepj3oA.tj E<iv Kaux6µeea oav 'EAA.rivec; ot1 to npci>to nap<iSetyµa µetaµooxtooewc; ava<ptpttat otl)V EHT)VtKtl µueoA.oyia. 'OA.01 oac; yvropiCEt£ tOV µ60o tOU 6aiSaA.ou K(ll tOU '1Kapou. 0 µu0oc; 0tAe1 to Aai&aA.o va PciCe1 <ptepa ntT)vou owuc; ci>µouc; TOu Kat va 7tEtcit1. Tov nattpa µou µ1µouµevoc; o 'IKapoc; KoH T)Ot enioT)c; otouc; c.i>µouc; tou 1Ctp1va <ptep<i K<ll npoonaeT)oE va net<i~El. Auotuxroc; 6µroc; o Kaut6c; tjA.toc; tA.uwoe ta Ki:p1va <pt£pci tou 'I Kapou o onoloc; atT) auvtx eta tneoe Kat 7tV! 'Y'l KE oto ntA.ayoc; nou <pi:pe1 Kat to 6voµa ton -I1eapto ntA.ayoc;-. To npc.i>to nap<ioe1yµa tou 6aiSaA.ou µnopouµe va 1touµe 6n eiva1 tva napcioe1yµa µ£taµooxeil0£W<; Kat to StutEpo tOU 'IKapou tva 7tapa0Etyµa tou <patvoµtvou tT)<; anopp!ljleroc; A.6yro tou ono(ou aKoµri Kat oljµepa XOVOVtat ta 7t£p1006tepa 6pyava 1t0U µ£taµOOX,£UOUµE. EKt6c; 6µroc; ano to nap<iSe1yµa auto, TJ avepromvl) <pavtaoia tXEt va emod~El Kill ana 7tap6µ01a napaodyµata µctaµooxcuoe(J)V 6nroc; o CTrjyaooc;, to <ptEpCllt6 <iA.oyo, o Ktvtaupoc;, TJ Xiµmpa K.A1t. · Ox1 µ6vo TJ EAAT)VlKtl µu0oA.oyia aH<i Kat Tl EHT)VlKlj Op06oo~T) EKKAT)OlaOtlKtl Iotop(a µac; avaq>tpEl tO npc.Oto 1tllptlSe1yµa µttaµooxeuotwc; nou 6Jt(l)c; pA.tntte an6 tT)v 01a<p<ive1a (I) ty1vt ano wuc; Ayiouc; KooµO. Kat Aaµ1av6 Km 01 onoio1 <paivovtm £oc.0 va a<patpouv tva ve1eproµtvo n601 Kai crtri OtoT) tou va tono0etuv tva ano noS1 an6 ICQ1t0l0 <iyvrooto OOTT) 1tOU µEta to 06.vatO tOU oc.iipT)OE to 1t00\ tOU y1a va Porierioe1 tOV 1tclO'):Ovta ouvav0pron6 tou. AAA.a µ1)..ci>vtac; Kai mo npaKnKci aK6µT), 01 ni:p1oootepo1 an6 touc; napeup10Koµtvouc;, moteuw 6n txouv K<ive1 tj tx.ouv ouµnp<i~e1 otl)v 01aS1Kaoia µ1ac; tou)..cix1otov emtuxouc; µttaµooxtuotwc;, µta Kai T) 1tl0 ICOLVTj µEtOµOOXEUOT) ea npt7t£\ Va eeroptitat TJ eµ<putEUoT) ontpµawc; otl) µtjtpa 1em TJ yov1µono(T)OTJ tou wapiou, o oe to1ect6c; nou <puo10A.oy1Ka a1eoA.ouee1 µeta 9 µljvec; µnope! va 0ewpdtat to t£AtKo arrottA.eoµa µtac; avoooA.oytKtjc; anopptljlT)c;. LtT)V ooyx.pOVT) latplKlj lotop(a T) npc.i>tT) 7tElpaµat1Klj µetaµ60X,EUOT) VE<ppou ty1v£ ano tva raHo EpEUVT)ttj Kat tT)V oµcioa tOU tov AH~TJ KaptA. to ttoc; 1902. H rrpoanaeeia autl'j ty1ve oe 01euA.o. l:uyteeKp1µtva o A. KaptA aveKciAUlj/£ Km Jc'.PTJOtµonoiT)oe A.eITTtc; atpauµattKt<; orrroc; Atµt j3eA.6vec; 1ea1 tvwoe µeta1;6 wuc; aptT)p(ec; Km q>A.tP£c; oe ne1paµat6Cwa. Aut6 Se OeCllpt!tat to npc.iiw ptjµa y1a tT)V µetaµ6oxeuoT) tv6c; opy<ivou, to onolo onffic; ~tptt£ tpl:<petm an6 to a!µa nou tou npoo<ptpEta1 an6 tT)V aptl)p(a, evw an6 tT) q>A.tj3a 01c.iixve1 6A.a ta tO~tK<i npoi:6vta. · Exovtac; emtuxe1 auto, otT) ouvtxeta ane<paoioe Kat npayµtonolT)OE tT)v npci>tri µttaµ6oxeuoT) ve<ppou. A<ptjptoe tov ve<pp6 evoc; OKUAOU an6 tT) etol) 1tOU (j)UO'lOAO'YlKa pp!OKEtat Kat tOV µ£taµooxeuoe o'tO A.atµ6 rou. Evci>vovmc; tTJV aptT)p!a tou vt<ppou µe Kaprotiaa Kat tT) ve<ppiKTj q>A.tpa µe tTJV o<pay(noa. o :~c; aut6c; AEltOUP'YTJOE 'Yl<l Aiyo, tpyaA.e oupa, OTT) ouvtxeu/oµffi"

8

:x:'I-,

O'taµtltTJOE vu A.eitoupyei. H npoomHleia autt1 tou KciptA. enavcA.t1<p(h1 an6 rov iow Kai tTJV oµci0a tou Kl tlAAOuc; EptuVTjti:c; O'. 6A.o tOV xocuo. Auowxwc; 6µ(l)c; X,(l)p!c; emtuxia. Flaperripncav 6µ(l)c; 01 eptuvT)ttc; uuroi 6t1 ta ayycia rcov ve<ppwv noo eixav µtaµooxeuee( £ix.av epoµp(l)0£i. Eixav oriA.aotj <ppa~r.1 Kai Ssv nt1rm ve aiµa oro vsepo. 'Etot 6A.ec; tl<; <l7tOtuX,i£<; ru; £iX,aV a7tOOWO'£l O''CTJV IC<lKfl tEX,VllCfl tT)c; eyXElptjoEro<; rnv orroiu npo01taeouov va PEA. ttc.Ooouv. 'A/..Aec; nap<ltTJpt1or.1c; nou ty1vav amS tic; npoonci0e1ec; auttc; '1rev 01 £~t1c;: I) 6t1 µEttl tTJV µ£taµ6oxwori evo£xoµ£v(l)c; o 6poc; rou Oi:Ktou yivem1 to~1K6c; yia to µ6oxwµa (6nroc; Atµt to opyovo nou µttaµooxefoµE). AriA.aot1 µEttl tTJ µttaµ6ox.woTJ o opoc roe OEK'COU yta ICQ7t0l0 A.6yo a7tOKtci tT)V tOlOtTjtO ICQl tT)V oovaµT) vc Katao1pt<p£1 to 6pyavo noo µuaµooxtooµt. 2) E KtO<; an6 tT)V t£X,Vl "tl tl)c; en ElpflOE(l)<; 0 xp6voc; 0 onoioc ueooA.apE! an6 tT) ottyµtj xou a<patpouµi: to opyavo nou etA.oµe va µetaµoox.i;uoouµE µtxp1c; oroo to µi:taµooxeooouµE Kat apxio£1 vu 1eu1eA.o<popi;{ o • aut6 aiµa an6 rov 1eatvoupy10 opyav10µ6, µnopi;{ va Spu PAa7ttlKW<; Oto µ6ox.wµa. 3) EnioT)c; uiu ciHT) OTjµavttKtl un6e£ol) TJ oxolo ty1v£ '110 on, EtlV T) tE):VlKtj tTJ<; £'YXElpTjoeroc; riro KllAfl, 0 xp6voc; 7t0U µeooA.ajlofoe an6 tT)v anyµTj tT)c; a<pa1pfoeroc; Kat µtxp1 tTJ<; usrauo.oxefoeroc; Ssv Tjtav 1ttlV(l) ano Mo c.Opi:c; Kat unTjpxc taut6tl)c; aiµatoc; µ£ta1;u Sorou Kill OEKtou, evoexoµtvwc; rors va eixaµe µe'Y<lAOtEPTJ emrnx.{a OtTJV npoanaee1a autr\ tl)c; µetaµoox£uo£(1)<; opytlvwv. 'Etot £ix.av ta npciyµata µtxp1 tT)V Si;1eru:tia rou 1930 Kat Evci> Sev unljpxe Kavtva i;A.moo<p6po napcio£1yµa emtuxouc; usrcuooxi;ooe(l)c; cs netpaµat6C(l)a, tvac; Pci>ooc; xi:1poupyoc; o Voronoy ro 1936 KtlVE\ rnv npci>tl) KA\VlKlj µuaµ6oX,£UOT) 0£ av0prono. AuOtuxc.0<; 6µ(1)<; Kat o cippwotoc; aut6c; nteav£ na!pvovrac; µaC! rou 1ea1 ta µeytl)..a µuonKci Kat nc; i:A.n{oi;c; y1a to µtHov ttov uercuo0X£Uoe(l)v. To 1945 o Madaware napttTjpT)O£ ta ti;Tjc; os ey1eauµatlec; roe 2ou nayKooµiou noAtµou (otaq>clveta 2): "Oruv tmupve Otpµa ano to n6ot evoc eyKauµatla yia va KaA.uljfet eyKauµanKTj em<paV£1a 7t0U unljpxe Oto xtp1 tOU, tote to Si;pµamc6 auto µ6oxi;uµa rworov noA.u KaAci cvsxro an6 tov opyav10µ6. Etlv 6µroc; otv unljpx.e uy1ljc; em<pcivt1a y1a va ATJ<ped uy1tc; Stpµa Km x.pe1aC6tav va ATJ<ped otpµa uy1tc; an6 aHo atoµo, µT) ouyyEvouc; 06tTJ, t6te to 1coµµcit1 aut6 rou Stpµa"tOc; nou µetaµooxeu6tav otov eyKauµat{a 6x1 an6 'tOv Eaut6 tou aHci an6 µTJ ouyy£vTj 06tTJ, o opyav10µ6c; tou to 1eatfotpE<pE oe xpov1K6 01ciotl)µ<l 7 - 15 T)µEpc.i>v Kat to antpp11tt£. Eav St y1v6tav µ1a ot1hcpT) 7tpoonaee1a Kt tva 1Catvoopy10 µ6ox.Euµa na{pvaµe an6 tOV (olO OOtT) yta tOV {Sto Si:Ktl) t6t£ to 0£Ut£po auto oepµattlCO µ6oxwµa, o opyav10µ6c; tou otKtT] to antPtle oi; noA.o ppaxutepo x.p6vo tp1c.i>v troc; ni:vte T)µepci>v. Eciv 6µroc; nalpvaµt aHo µ6ox.wµa 6x1 an6 tov low 06tTJ aA.A.Q an6 oeutepo 06tl) nou enlol)c; Sev eixe Kaµia auyytveu1 µe tov ol:tctT) Kat tOV 7tproto OOtT), t6te tO SepµanK6 aut6 µ6axeuµa enloTJc; o opyavtoµ6c; tou otKtTJ to antpaA.e 0£ xpov11e6 S1aotT)µa 7 - 15 T]µepci>v. Ot napatTJpljoe1c; auttc; toeixvav 6'1 ox.1 µ6vov o opyav10µ6c; txe1 tT)v 1KavotT)ta va avayvrop!Ce1 to S11eo tou 6pyavo, tov OlK6 toll lOtO ana ounp6vroc; EX.El tT)V ouvat6tT)tll va KataotpEq>El Ka0£ ciHo opyavo lj \Oto 7t0U ocv e{vm ouc6c; tOll. E7t(OT]c; µEta tT)v np<lltT) µetaµoox.euoT) anona euaioeT)oia, ti;e1olK£uoTJ IC(l\ triv IKVOtT)ta va E'tOtµciCtt £lOLKtc; aµuvt1Ktc; ouvciµetc; 01 onolf:c; avayvwp(Couv Kat Kataotpt<pouv noA.0 'YPTJ'YOp6tepa 1eci0e ~tvo npoc; aut6v µooxeuµa t'I 1ot6. 01 napatl)pljoe1c; auttc; ooljyl)oav otT)v avaKaAuljfTJ trov avn' ,(., twv µetaµooxwoerov, ' -:-:--..._ y6vwv trov _iotoov ta ono ! a autu" a v t 1y 6 va -' 7 ~taµoo~euoerov <ptpovtm en{. trov KUttciprov wu opy<ivou nou µ£' ;~\0xi:uouµe Kat OT)µtoupyouv OtOV opyav10µ6 tOU otKtT) µeta

,~. a" ~

~0o

'\..

..

.~

',,/

"'1°A

""a1a "?

tl)V µ£taµ6.oxwoTJ µ1a avriopaoTJ 'l onoia oST)yEi oto <paivoµEvo tT)c; anopptljltffic;. H avtiopaoT) OE auttj tivm avtiopao'l yevenKrjc; avio6tl)tac; Mtou - otKtou Kat enoµtvwc; 600 µeyaA.utEPTJ av106tT)ta uncipxei t6oo evtov6tepo Eivm Kat to <pa1v6µevo tT)c; anopp(ljfewc;. Meta A.om6v tl)v avaK<iAllljlTJ tffiv avny6vwv teat µetaµooxeuoerov Kat nc; OT)µavn1etc; auttc; napatl)prjoe1c; yivetat q>avcp6 6n 6tav 0 O~tl)<; Kat 0 ot~TT)<; tx~uv PtoA.oytKtj onwc; Atµe auyytveia, OT)AaOT) ~xouv tT)v tota oµaSa aiµawc; Kat ta iota avny6va µe1aµooxeuoeffiv t6tt OeroprinK<i tOUAQXlOtOV Sev ea npt7t£l va aKOAOUeTjoet tTJV µetaµ60J(EOOT) TO <patv6µevo tT)c; Q7toppiljlEW<;. Ltl)V ICA\VllCtl 6µwc; npcisTJ aut6 Eivat aouvato ri OXEMv aouvatO, S16n dvat noA.o ouo1eoA.o va j3pe0d an6A.utT) taut6tTJta oµ<iSoc; aiµatoc; Kat lOtWV µ£ta~U MtT) - ol:KtTJ, ouµpaiVEl OE µ6vo OtT)V nepimroolJ trov µovoyevci>v 6nffic; )..tµe S1ouµrov nou 0 Mtl)c; Kat 0 OEKtT)c; 7tpotpxovtat an6 tO iSto roap10 KQI to iSto 01tEpµatoC<?<ip10 .• To ouvl)eec; Eivm va unapxouv avnyov1Ktc; Sta<poptc; m 07t0t£<; E(j) ooov unapxouv apytl tj ypTjyopa ea OOTJ'YtlOOUV OTO <pa1voµEvo tT)c; anopp(ljfewc;. . Htav AOl1tOV euA.oyo µe ta ocSoµtva aut<i Ol £P£UVT)ttc; va 7tpoona0tjaOUV Va KataotpEljlOUV nc; aµllVtlKE<; ouvaµe1c; tOU opyav1oµ~u, auttc; 1tOU aveyvwp1Cav to stvo 6pyavo KQ\ E<pnaxvav Kat ouvaµ£1c; va to Kataotptljlouv. 'Onroc; rjtav 6µroc; en6µevo aut6 .*o 1t0AU Katacrtp£7ttlKO 016t1 IC<l'tEOtpt<peto ourxp6vroc; OAT) TJ aµuva tou opyav1oµou Kai 01 aoOevdc; ntemvav ano A.oiµci>~cic;. Mia £VaAAOKttKtj AUCJT) ea t1tav va yw6vtav 7tpoon<i0e1a KataOtpo<p~c; tffiV avny6vrov tou opycivou, nou nponetµefla va µ£taµoox.eooouµe, µ£ Olcl<popa µtoa. Auto 6µwc; E7t{OT)c; eivat aoovato 7tpOKElµtvou yta 6pyava, O\Otl Kataotpt<p0vtac; µe ota<popa XTJµlK<i tl clAAa µtoa ta avt1yova tOu opy<ivou Kataotpt<pouµe Kat nc; avatoµ11e~c; ~m A.e1toupyt1etc; tou 1016tl)tE<; Kat to Ka0iotooµe Otl)V ouo1a axpTJoto Kat avl1eavo va £1t1t£Atot1 tT)v owottj tou A.e1toupy(a. H enoµEVTJ OKEljlTJ ljtav va xprio1µono1T)eouv <papµaKa ta onoia xopT)youµeva OtOV OEKtTJ 7tpo Kat µet<i tl)V µetaµ6CJXEUOT) ea tov avayKaCav lj va µT) µnope( va avayvropioe1 w ~tvo npoc; aut6v 6pyavo tj Kat e<iv to avayvropioEl vci w avayvrop{oe1 µ~ 1ea0uottprio'l aA.Aci Km a<poo to avayvwp{oe1 va µT)v tx£t tT)V ouvaµ~ va aµuv0ei Km va to Kataotptljf&t lj va aµuv0ei ljma, lj Kat £av aK6µa aµuv0£1 o0evapci Va EX,0µ£ tT)V ouvaµT) 7tclAl µe <papµa~a va µnopouµe va avaxmt{oouµe auttc; rn; ouva~mc; Km ou~enroc; Kat to <patv6µtvo 'tTJ<; anopptljlEffi<;. Etm np<iyµan O'tTJV IOet!a wu 1960 £Ix.av ljoT) avaKaA.uq>Od Kat XPTJ0tµono1T)eei ttto1a <p<ipµaKa 6moc; T) 1eopt1~6VTJ, to Imuran, o avt1A.eµ<po1euttap1K6c; op6c; Kai <iHa, ta onoia np<iyµan t0eoav nc; µetaµooxeooe1c; oi: vtec; j3cioetc; Kat torooav r.)..nioec; y1a 7tEpl006tepEc; 7tp001t00EtE<;. Ev too µeta~o an6 ttc; noA.onA.eupec; auttc; npoon<ifleiec; npoc; 6A.ouc; touc; toµEic; dxav yive1 011µavn1eci p~µa1a Kat E!xe pt<p0£1 anA.eto <pc.iic; oe noHci aµ<ptl..ey6µeva Otµata ta onoia apx.toav va oteuKp1vlCovtm. Xcip1c; Se O'tl)v t£;(V1Klj tT)c; crxi:1ptjoeroc; nou &ixe j3e)., nroOe[ Kat E~EAl)'.et{, x.aptc; OtT)V aVOKOAllljfT) Kat t£AE\07t0(110TJ t(l)V µee6ocov ouvtljpTJOT)c; opy<ivwv, xcip1c; otT)v n<ipooo tT)c; avaooA.oy(ac; nou µac; enttpene µe PtlO'TJ ta avtty6va twv µetaµoox.euoewv va Ktlvouµe tl)V mo oroottj emA.oylj 06tT) - oEKtT), xap1c; otT)v avaKciA.uljfT) µee6orov tyKatpT)c; 01<iyvrool)c; tou <patvoµtvou tT)c; anoppfljl£wc; teat OtTJ x.pTjori <papµaiccov nou tµnoo!Couv ~ avaxmt!~ouv to <patv6µevo tT)c; 07t6pptljlT)c;, EVW µtX,pl tT)V <iVOl~T) tj)U 1963 ouoe{c; aoeevtjc; µe µetaµ6oxeuo11 ve<ppoo Couaev ntpav twv tpiwv µT)vrov, an6 tTjV OVOl~T) tOU 1963 Kat µEtQ µe tO OUVOUQ0µ6 6AWV trov ava<pep0tvrwv napaµttpffiv Kat tT)V ev tro µeta~u KtT)0eloa ncipa ap):lOllV Va j3£At1rovovta1 ta a7tOteA.foµata 7tpo0Seut11C<i y1a va <p0aoouµe atjµcpa va µ1.A.tlµe mcoµri Kat y1a 100% emPlroan

9


Mctouoarcoouc

opyavcov

Kat

aoOcvwv orov rrpci>To xp6vo. Kai rrp<iyµa11 cvw µtxp1 To 197811 cu1oia cmpiwo11 aoecvwv µc µctaµ6oxcuo11 vccppou tcpOavc ro 78 80%. or\µtpa µc 111 xpr\011 vtou TUltOU q>apµaK'WV 6rrwc; Tl l(Ul(AOonopivn Kat ta µovoK),wvtKa uvnowµata 11 tmp(wol'l auttj ~cncpvd to 90% era rrcp10061cpa K"Evtpa rou xoouou (61aqicivc1a). Arr6 rnv 01acpavc1a auu\ cpalvctat 611 Tl emote cm~iwol'l ao0cvwv µc µctaµ6o)'.t:u011 veepou, OTO xapaKT11p1~6µcva ltOAU KaA<i Ktvrpo rou E~wtep1K"ou civci 88% Kat too µtrnµooxcuµtvou vsepoo 79%. Ero Mctaµooxeu111C6 Kcvrpou TOU rcvtK'OU Aai'.KOU NocoKOµdou A011vwv ta rpio tcACUtaia µ6vo xp6vta tytvav 94 usrcµooxtoocic; vccpp<i:iv. E~ autwv 47 arr6 ITTwµanK"6 Kat 47 arr6 ouyycvr\ ~ci>V'ta Mt11. Ta Sc anoTcA.toµata tl'lc; etvm yta rou; rrtwµarnrnuc; 06tcc; 92.4% smote r.mp(wol'l aoOcvwv Kat 77.9% ct11oia cmPlwo11 µooxcuµaroc;. Ta anotcHoµara µac; autci cpavcpci>vouv rnv u1j111A.ti an6oool'l tau K'Cvtpou µac; Kat µac; cvOappuvouv y1a ncptoo6tcpcc; 7tpoonaOc1tc; Kat µctaµooxcuoctc; Kat ciHwv opvdveiv, we; tjnat0c;, rrayK"pfornc;, Kapolac; K.A.n. Eow 7tptrrct va avacptpw 6n µtxpt or\µcpa txouv yivr.1 £Kt6c; a7t6 ta vccppci lt(ivw oxo 2.0000 µeraµooxcuoc1c; Kapoicic;, I 000 Kat rrAtov µcraµooxcuoi:tc; tjrraroc; Kat 011µavnK6c; ap10µ6c; nayKptaroc; Kat nvcuµ6vwv cni011c;. Ta A.[av Sc cvOauppuvrnca a7tori:A.l:oµata nou txoµc Kata toµcic; yivovrm 8cKtci µc avaKoucptol'l Kai cvOouo1aoµ6 6x1 µ6vo an6 rouc; ao(kvcic; aU<i Kat a7t6 toll<; apµ6owuc; tepanKouc; eopclc; nou etvai cmeopncucvo. µi: 111v rrapaKoJ..0601'1011 Kat npoypa~1~tanoµ6 •11c; Ocpandac; autrov ncv aoOevwv. EtStK(iltcpa yta rou; vccpponaOr.ic; 01 cmtuxic<; ru; µctaµooxcUoctc; yivovtm octett<; µc 101altcp11 rxcvonolnon Kat eA.niSc<; teat tOUtO 81611: Ilpo tl'l<; K001cpcOOEW<; tl'l<; µCtaµOO)'.COOCW<; 11 ~wr\ reiv avOp<illtwv uurtov r\to c~11pt11µtvl'l a7t6 tva µr1xavl'lµa tqv11roo vr.cppou ue to onoto CKavav aiµateaOap11 K"ci0c J - 4 q>optc; u1v i:pooµaOa Kai CTC( J - 4 6Jpcc; QV~<lpTr\tW<; OUV01'11CffiV. 2) 01 ouo aA.At<; tmA.oytc; 011A.aotj 11 a1µotedOapol'l oro orrltt K"m 01 xp6v1cc; ntpitovai:Ktc; rr)..uoct<;, 01 onoic<; Oa unopouccv va cnoreA.toouv evaHaKttKtc; A.uocic;, yia to rrp6P)..11µa wuc;,txouv oojlopoo; TCEplOptoµouc; Kat OEV civa1 i;upr.[ac; XPr\OCW<; tOUAcl)'.tO'tOV OTl1V EUciSa. J) 01 vcqiponaOdc; arroTdouv t8t6µopcpo TCAT10uoµ6 XPOviwc; rraox;6V'twv Kat 11 Ocpcmeia TOU xwpic; XPOVIK'tj OIQK'Oltr\ S1apK£i 600 Kat Tl ~wr\ rouc. Anurreirn. oc tr.J..r.iwc; c~c18tKeuµtvl'l voo11A.wnKr\ unoooµr\. Uljl1'1A6 K6otoc; AEttoupyia<; 0. 6n aq>opa 'tl'lV Iatpl~. 7tapalatp1K"r\ Kai texv11tr\ KOAUljlr\ Tl'l<;· H avayteafa oalt(iv11 K"ataA.aµpavc1 tva µcyaA.o rroooot6 mu ctr\mou 7tpollnoA.oy1oµou uyclac; KciOc Kparouc; rrou au~avt1 KaOc xp6vo Myw a~r\otwc; 'tOU K'6otouc; ~Wr\<; l(Ql J..6yw au~r\ocwc; TOU aptOµou TWV ao0cvwv :(Wpic; va EmOt)'.CTat OUO&µ(a ncp1Korrr\. To1ho oc 016n we; teaOapW<; voo11A.wt1Kr\ oa7t6v11 a7toteA.ei Uljlion1 K'OtVWVlKr\ ETtlTayr\ K"a0c rrpomµtv11c; xwpac;. AHci yta va y(vw oacptoTcpoc; K"a1 va K"ataAaPeTE Tl1V papU<Tlta Kat onouom6Tl1TO TOu npoPA.r\µaToc; cmTptljlaTt µou va oac; 7tpopanw µtp1Ktc; oiacpavrnc; (4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9). An6 11c; S1acpavc1c<; autt<; 01aqiaivovta1: I )H oopapr\ c~apTT)Oll rou aptOµou rwv N cq>po7ta06>v arr6 10 cOv1 K6 c106011µ a. 2) H uncpoxr\ 111c; µc1aµooxtuocwc; 0111 OcparreunK"r\ avnµerwn1011 Twv veq>porraOwv 6x1 µ6vo 016T1 0To1xi~c1 )..1y6Tcpo a)..A.6 tea1 016t1 EI;aoq>aA.i~c1 KaA.utcpa 7to16T111a ~wr\c;. f1a va Po110r\oouµe 6µwc; cµdc; 01 ytaTpo( touc; aoOcvdc; auTOU<; va K"avouv µcTaµ6oxcuo11 xpc1a~6µa0Tt vccppa. Ta vcq>pa oi: <a 7raipvooµt r\ an6 ouyycvdc; Cwvw; MT£<; (7rattpa, µ11Ttpa, aOCAq>6 r\ aOCAq>r\) r\ an6 eyKCqlUAIKO vtKpouc; 06Ttc;. 6uoTU)'.W<; Ot vcq>porra0cfc; 7tOU XP£t<isov-ra1 µcTUµ6oxcuo11 r\

ai; fa inc npoaoopos;

7tou µnopouv va K<ivouv µc1aµ6oxcuo11 6rrwc; cioaTe arr6 nc; otaq>6vt1cc; Eiva1 rroHol, 01 OE KOtciAA.11)..01 cruyycvcic; cciv urrapx:ouv dvm no)..u A.iyo1. f1auT6 11 µ6v11 TCTlYr\ Ar\ljlcwc; vcqipwv y1a µtTaµ6oxcuo111tapaµtvouv 01 nrooµanKoi l:i6T£c;. 'Omv Atµc Sc TCt(J)µanKouc; 06Tcc; cvvoouµc auwuc; rrou ppioKovTat oc cpciol'l cytecq>aA.1 teou 0avcitou. t.TlA.ttor\ &hcc; rrou TO ortAcxoc; mu cyKcq><iJ..ou oto oJtoio urrapxouv 6A.a ta K"tvtpa rrou puOµl~ouv nc; ~wnK"t<; µa<; A.c1rnupyitc; txc1 KaTaoTpaq>d av1mav6p0wta, aHci orouc; app<i>oTouc; aut0uc; µ£ Tll potj0£10 111c; ava7tvor\<; µ£ avaTCVEUOtlK'6 µ11xciv11µa, µ7topouµc y1a A.Iyo aK6µa µuci TllV C7ttA£U011 tOU OavciTOU va 01aT11pr\oouµi: r11v K'UKAocpopia µc t11v Por\0£ta Tl'l<; ava1tVor\c;. l:T11v rrcpimwo11 auTr\ evw o cippwowc; txc1 m;Oavc1 optoµtva 6pyava rou ~aKoA.ou0ouv aK"6µ11 va 7tapaµtvouv yta A.iyo ~wvtav6, cqi • 6oov 01ar11pcltat 11 KuKA.oqiopia µc r11v unoPDr\011011 Tou avarrvcuoT1Kou µ11xavr\µatoc;. AuTa Ta 6pyava Ka1 µ • auttc; Tic; ouv0r\K"C<; µrropotiµc cµEfc; Va Ta acpatptoouµc a7t6 TO VCK'p6 owµa, nou tto1 Kt aH01wc; ocv Oa µ7topto£1 va Ta ouvr11pr\oc1 y1a 7toA.ti aK6µa K'<ll va Ta µcTaµooxcuoouµc at Ka7to10 ciHo opyav10µ6 7tou otxua1 va Ta cp1)..o~tvtjoc1, va Ta ouvtl'1Pt1oc1 Kat va oocpcA.11Scf Ol)Y)'.p6vw<; a11rr6 tic; 1016t11Ttc; rnuc;. f1a va 7tcipouµE £µde; ta 6pyava y1a µcraµ6oxcuo11 an6 tva veKp6 l:i6tl'l TCA11V tll<; voµtKr\<; KaAUlj/£Wc;, TtOU UTCOPX£l l(Ql TUJtllCO ea npt7tEl va rrapouµc T11V ouyteataOccr11 T(l)V ouyycvwv. Kt cow ouotuxW<; Oa u7t6pxouv op1oµl:vcc; SuoKoA.icc;. AuT6 Sc ouµpaivt1 016n Kata TllV yvoo~111 µou ocv txoµc K"<ll tµcic; aK6µ11 ot y1aTpol ICQl code; E~OlKIWOd µc TllV tvvo1a TOU cyK£q>QAllCOU 0avciTOu. Kat to ncpitpyo civm 6Tt cvw 6M>1 tpl:xouµc ouµnapaoTatt<; o' tva aTux11µa oc µ1a ouµcpopa y1a va PD110r\oouµc Kat va o<iloouµc tva ouvav0pwn6 µac;, tvw 6A.01 napoTpuvouµc yvwornuc;, ouyycveic; teat qilA.ouc; nou t)'.ouv 7tp6PA.11µa uydac;, va 1tave oto y1aTp6 va )'.ElpOupy110ouv va tOU<; aq>mpc0c( TO 7rQO)'.OV 6pyavo, )'.OA1', otoµax1, tvrcpo, vcqip6<; y1a va ylvouv KaA.a, va owOotiv, va µ11v txouv rrp6PA.11µa, civa1 cv TOUTOt<; 01A.11µµat1Kr\ 11 0to11 µac; Kat aMvaµl'l 11 pouA.11or\ µac; etc; 10 va ouyK"ataTcOouµe aflaoav1ota r\ µc npoOuµla va orooouµt TllV cio£ta aqimptocwc; Ev6<; uy1otic; opyavou arr6 tva VEKp6 owµa y1a va owOc[ tvac; aJ..A.oc; av0pW7tO<;. Kat acptjvouµc SUOTU)'.<i:Jc; tt<; 7t£ptoo6TEp£<; q>0pt<; tva r\ 7t£ptoo6ttpa 6pyava arroA.tiw>c; uy1a, va Ta rrapaoupc1 10 vctep6 owµa o-r11 o"tjljl11 Kat Tpoq>r\ ornuc; 0K<i>A.11Kec;. Ta ~wvTava auta 6pyava Jtou Oa µnopouoav va rrpoocptpouv TO µcyaA.urcpo aya06 TT)V «uyeia ot 7t6ox;ovrcc; ouvavOpwno0<; µac; ... fa11 01acp6vt1a autr\ PAtnuc tva rrcA.cKavo 7rou 11 7tapaoo01111 IO'tOpia TOV OtA.ct va tpurraEl µr. TO 0KA.11p6 paµqioc; TOU TO Ottpvo tou, arr6 to o7to(o Tptxct aiµa to onolo µETayyi~ct crTa 1taiS1ci rou Kat ta o~i:t an6 to Sr\yµa wu S11A.11T11Pt<iloo0<; 6q>cwc; cvw oTll ouvtxc1a o IBwc; ncOalvc1 a7t6 mµoppayia. Eav A.om6v au1a ouµpa(vouv aK6µa Kat 010 ~wlK6 Pao!A.cto, voµ(~oo 6t1 11 KOtvwv(a µac;, nptne1 t7tl ttA.ouc; va avllµEToon(oct TO ycyov6c; 6tt Ta TttWµattKa 6pyava 7tpE7ttt va XP110tµ07t0l0Uvtat y1a va o~ouv ~rote;. nptrrc1 0£ va rrapc1 t11v otcA.11p1' a1t6cpao11 1' va cvOapptivc1 T'lV 01ciowo11 ~wwv µE t11v Ka01tpwo11 Tll<; &.>pcav xop11y1'ot(l)c; opyavoov µera Oavatov yta µctaµ6oxcuo11 r\ va µdve1 napaA.uT11 Kat aouvaµ11 arr6 wuc; ouva1o011µat10µouc; Kat ll<; npoKaTaA.tj1j1c1c; r11c;. Eµclc; 01 y1aTpol aHa Kat 6)..01 coci<; KaAouµcOa Km dµc0a TEtayµtvo1 va na(~ouµt rrpwTeuovra p6J..o or11 faaupoqiop(a aut1' Kat va ylvouµc Or.ttKoi cpopdc; Tll<; Ka01cpwocwc; tll<; 10tac; Tll<; rrpooqiopac; opyavoov µeta 06vato y1a µeTaµ6xcuo11. E7tf TtAouc; ac; icavouµc tµcic; or\µtpa y1a Touc; ouvavOpwnouc; µac; auT6 TCOU ea OtA.aµc va KQVOUV l(Ql aUTO( y1a µac; atipto coif Kat cµr.fc; ppcOouµc ot11 OtKr\ 10uc; Oto11 teat µ7topouµc va to ic6-

10

Nai;1aKd rcvxor; I 7 - I 8, 0Ku.Vpproc; I 98 7 - <!>eppovdp10r; vouµc Kat µnopouµc va toll<; Po110r\oouµe µ1a teat t101Kci Ktvtpa rrA.tjpooc; c~orrA.1oµtva Kai oTeA.cxwµtva 01aOt10uµc, u7tcipxi:1 11 arr6A.uToc; voµ1Kr\ K<iA.uljll'l, aHa Kat ~£Ka0ap11civm11 Oto1111'1c; tKKJ..11oiac; µac; OTO Otµa Tll<; xop11yr\oewc; opyavwv µmi Ocivato yta µ£raµ6oxcuo11 aq>ou Kai o io1oc; o apx11y6~ Tll<; tKK"A.11oiac; µac; ty1vc 6wpl'1Tr\c;. Eiva1 ycyov6c; 6n 11 a7t6q>ao11 au1" r11c; 7tpoocpopcic; opy<ivwv µera OavaTo y1a µcraµ6oxwo11 efva1 JtoA.u ouoKoJ..11 Kat ylvcTm ouoKoA.6Tcp11 aK6µ11 6Tav ocv urrapxc1 cv11µtpwo11 - £~OtKdwo11 KQI rrlor11 rroM oc 7t£ptoo6Tcpo 6tav y(vctat K<iTw arr6 7toA.u MOKOA.tc; Kat a7tpooµcva OUOOPEOTE<; ouvaio011µat1KE<; KataO'tclOEt<;.

Eiva1 µta arr6q>ao11 nou a7taitci Oappoc;. arranci ycwai6t11Ta, arrocpao1on K6TT)Ta, wptµ6TT)Ta, lj/UX t K'r\ µcya)..6rrpcnE1a Kat rrporraV'twv aTtatTEi TCEp(oocuµa ayciltT)c;, )'.apioµaTa TCOU ciµat an6A.uTa oiyoupoc; 6n Kooµotiv nc; lj/U)'.E<; 6A.wv oa~. ftaut6 oev OtotciCw va. ~11Tr\OW an. 6A.ouc; oac; va avaypliljlouµc µc av~iT11)..a µcyciA.a ypaµµaTa µtoa OT11V lj/u)'.r\ µac; y1a va µCTUcptpctm arr6 ycv1ci oc ycv1ci ..£fµ_a1 KuK).at5fr11r;, dpa clµru tJwpr1~ rtjr; ... Aut6 Sc TO ouv011~1a va O\QSoOci an. OKpOv oc <iKpO "CT)<; µcyaA.11~ µac; rraTplooc; Kai va y(vc1 .. £fµa1 '£).).,.,var; y1avr6 clµa1 tJwPl'/TtJ<;» y1a va cpO<ioi:t OTll ouvtxc1a oTa ntpaTa 111c; OtKouµtvl'l<; Kat va aKouoOci To Occipcorn µr\vuµa: Eiµat 6!lPHTHE 011A.aor\ AN0Pnnm:.

0µ1)..ia 1tou fyivc µc 1tpwt0fjou>..ia wu E~wpalonicou I:u>..>..6you l:µap-

&i1e1mu T1ivou.

f.'tK.

5. (rp. ]).

II

1988


Mctouoorevotu;

opvtivcov Km a~ia inc npoaooptu;

N. KE'1>AAAHNIALiH

MY00AOrIKA 0EMATA I:E KENTHMATA THI: NASOY

/:.'1K. 7. (<p. 11).

E1K. 6. (If). I).

~

EtK. 9. (<p. 20).

E1K. 8. {<p. lJ).

12

r.

1 ONf\'r\~

...., 'IJ ~

'Ott 11 apxala ttxv11, ta 0tµata Kai ta µotlj3a t'f'J<; Emj31ci>voov cnri crunpov11 Aai'.KT\ tEXV'l OEV stvci KQtl ayvwoto. AnEVavt(a<; noA.Ao{ txoov En1011µavE1 coro to yEyov6c; Kt avmptpouv n>.tj0o<; napaSElyµata. Aut6 OEv 1oxuE1 µ6vo crn A-ai'.KT\ ttxv11 (KEVttittKtj, u<pavttKT\, Curypa<ptKT\ K.A.n.), au.a Km om A.aoypa<pla (tpayouSia, µU001, itapaMoE1<;, T\011 Kat t01µa IC.An.), Ka0ci>c; Kat ornv EU.11v11Ctj fpaµµatela (Emypa<ptc;, pnrd, Emtuµj31a K.An.) Kat aU.ou. rt11 Na~o 11 Elt{Opao11 tT)<; apxai6tT)ta<; elvai ~(J)Vtavti l(QI ere KEVtT\µata Kat u<pavt<i t11<; Kat crov EOWtEp11C6 St<iKooµo reov nal..1ci>v aP)'.ovttKwv tT)<; Kat ere 01a(j)Opa pT)ta Kl Entypa<ptc;; rtov uitipWprov itaA.1wv omt1<i>v Kat nupywv t11<;, OE 01a<popa Emtuµjha naA.m6tEprov ta<pwv t11c;;. Ka0ci>c; KCU ornv nA-ooota 1..aoypaqi(a tlK Aot6 <pavEp<i>vE1 tnv ayan11 rou A.aou tll<; ornv apxcu6t11ta, xoo 11 yvroo11 tllc;; t<ptavE roe;; nurov onavu5tEpa µE ta j31j3A.fa Kat 7tEp1006tEpo µE rouc A.6y1ouc;; rou µE rou; rponou; xou avaq>tp011xuv napanavw Kat 101aitEpa µE rnv napaoomaKT\ wi'.KT\ ttxv11. AvaA.oy11 cpalvEtm, unf\p~E Kat 11 A.E1toupytK6t11ta rev µu0oA.o~ YtK<iiv 0Eµ<itrov ero ntpaoµa rou; om A.ai'.Kt\ tt)'.V'l. otT) y)..unt1KT\, OTTJ XPOOO)'.oTa, ornv uqiavnKT\, oro Ktvt11µa Km aHou. 'Errn orn Na~o, t1CitA1'11Cto<; o En101Ct1ttTJc;; naA.t<i>v onmci>v Kai ap)'.OVtllCWV tllc;;, 0a Kaµap<i>OEI Otl<; VT)OlcOT\ICE<; !tQVtE<;;, OE ICEVtlltQ µa~1A.apa1C1a " anou, cvrl y1a ana OIQICOOµT)tllCQ 0tµata, 'YVooottc;; napaotaot1c;; an6 tll µu0oA.oyia µac;;, 6nroc;; 01C11vtc; an6 rnv OMoot1a, rnv H<i> Kat to cipµa too 'HA.too, t11 MT\0E1a ue ro ltatoui t'f'Jc;;, TOV <bp(~o l(Ql TTJV . EAA.11. tOV Opcpta, TT) Fopjove Otaq>opouc;; 0oouc;; tO\J OA.liµnou, µ00ouc;; tOU Atoronou IC.Alt. nwc;; ta 9tµata autci, xou &{yµata rou; o{vouµt OTT) <ruve)'.Ela, Eq>taoav 00<; tic; anA.ti; A.ai'.Kt<; µac;; KEvtT\otpE<; Kat u!p(ivtpE<;, ota n10 anoµovooµtva xoop1a rou vneioo; Aut6 tytvE µt tT)V nA.ouma 1CaH1tExv11ctj napaooo11 tOU V110lOU. 'OA.Ec;; oi A~<.imooEc;; ocpa{vouv Kai KEVtouv an6 Savtt>.a µtxp1 ncivta "' an6 toEj3ptSE<; we;; µa!;1A.cipia, Kat Ka0E µ1a µAi0atvE nnpaSomaK<i to Ktvt11µa ica1 ta µot{j3a an6 t11v aA.A.11. r' 61..a ta onitta j3p{o1CE1, ecroco mc6µa, Kavdc; Siacpopa nal..1a 1CaU1ttxv11Cci nep10011Ca, 6nroc; o «OticoyEvt1a1C6c;; aottjp .. , TJ «<b1A-6t£)'.Vo<; Il'f'JV£A67tT)», o «<btl..t<;», to «Epyo)'.tlpO» ICat ciAA.a, xou OICOn6 Elxav TTJ «OIOaoKal..{a» tT)c;; l(EV't'f'JtlKT\c;; t(J)V Stacpoprov 0Eµcitrov. tnouSa(o p61..o ot11v S1att\p11011 tT)c;; KaH1t£Xv1icT\c; napaSo011<; Oto v11ol µac; Ellnl~E Kai 11 naA.ui rxoAT\ OupOO\JAIVWV, Oto I<<iotpo t'f'Jc;; N<il;,ou. l:to µci011µa trov 011colC\Jp11Cwv, £1Ct6c;; an6 TTJ µouo11ctj, Kat TT) Croypaq>11CT\, Ol teaA6yp1E<; o(SaoKav CJUCJt'f'JµatllCQ, ano EAA'f'JVllCQ l(QI raHtlCQ !tEplOOllCcl Kat to KtVtT)µa. !ta !tEPlOOIKQ tooc;; aut6. ta anouSat6t£pa 0£µata t0oc;; t\tav an6 t11v EAl..11v11Ctj µu0oA.oy(a. 'EtOI, µ£ na1Saywy11CO, aj3{aato Kat wxap10to tp6ito, ta 0tµata auta nepvouoav ot11 yvroo11 trov µa011tp1wv Kt apy6ttpa ot6A1Cav ta 01acpopa aaA6v1a 1Ca1 Kpej3j3atodµap£c;; to.>V apxovttK<.Ov t0uc;;. MaC{ tj3A£!tE Kavdc;; 1CEVt'f'Jµ£va Kat 01a<poPa \Pxala t\ vtoeH11v1ic6. p'f'Jt<i 6nroc;;: «to nenpo>µtvov cpuye{v a-

~~~~.~ ...p ~~ ~0

• ..-~

01va1e

rs

.~ '

ouvatOV», "' EA.1t1C£ £1<; tOV 0eov .. , «Kl aut6 0a n£pclCJ£l» IC.Q. T6t£ 01 ouv6t\K£<; Cootie; tTt<; £itapx1a1CT\<; ico1vrovlac;; T\tav 01aq>opemctc;; an' o.t1 Elvm atjµepa. Ta itatota tll<; I:xoA.tic; OupoouA.ivrov -tT!<; UVOOTEP'f'J<; 0)'.EtllCQ tcl~TJ<;- µnope{ VQ µa0a1vav 1CtVtT1· µa, µOUatlCt\ t\ Cwypa<ptKti anM y1a x6µ1t\J" yta tTJV 1Cal..A.1tpye1a TTJ<; ata011nic~c; tO\J<; ayroyl\c;, oµroc;; 01 anA.tc; A~rotonouA.tc; 1(£Vtol'.>oav Kat ucpmvav Kai y1ati 01 {OtE<; tnpEnt va o!p(ivouv ta npOllClcl touc;; ICQI ')'lat( Etol ytµ1Cav nc;; attA£t(J)t£<; rupee; TTJ<; µova~tai; touc; -aq>ou tOtE CJt'f'JV ona10po a)..A.oc; tp6noc;; 01a0Ktoao11c; Sev u'"'PXEK~l aitavt6ttpa y1a j31oitop1onicouc;; A.6youc;. Ta µu00A,oy11ea 9tµam tlxav ~exrop1atf\ A.t1t0opyi1e6t1'1ta 1eup1~tEpa Ott<; n<ivtt<; Kat ata µa~tAapciKta y1a Myooc; oimcooµllt•ICOuc; ana ICQI OtOQICtl ICOU<; IC(l\ 'YI. aut6 avt1ypaq>0vtav an6 on!t1 OE .an!t1 µE OXEtllCt<;, 7t0AAt<; <poptc;;, napaJ..J..aytc;;, avaJ..oya µE TO youot0 TTt<; o<pavtpac;. Ttto1a 0tµata oe Ktvtf\µata Kat uq>avta tou V'lCJtoli cfvai ta napa1eatw:

E1K. 10. 0 <l'pif,or; Kai 11 'EAJ.11. (Anc1pa8inKo Kfrn11ia) <l><.i.)r. N. Kc<1>aJ.A.t7v1rio11


Mv80A.oy1Kd

Oiuai« en xcvtnuas:a

int; Ndf,ov

Naaax«

revxoc; 17 - 18, Otctcallptoc; 1987 - c/>ef]povdproc; 1988 oA6KAT]PTI Kat £Kill) µe Mppov nup µar;c µE tov nattpa tT]c;, noo Tl~t)..riae va t)..01'1 e1c; 13o1'0e1civ tT]c; ... Touc; naiooc; ouc;; £lxev e~ laoovoc;; ntpµtpov Kat ~tprita antKtEt ve, Kat aq>ou t)..a~ev an6 tOV 'HAtoV (1tciJt1tOV tl)c; EK !tatp6c;) apµa oup6µEVOV an6 meprotouc; opaKovtac;, Eq>uytv Enavro El«; aut6 Kat tjA9£V El«; tac; A9l'tvac;»l.

('E).).17, 'E).).17, ro tJ>pft;o KO.I r17v 'E).).17... )01(;

1. 0 <l>PIEOE KAI H EAAH

oe

•••

To Otµa ouvT10ir;ernt 1roA.u one; navtEc; rou VT)CJlOO xou tono0£mivw cno rouc Kavantoec;. 0 <l>pi~oc;, Ka~aA.a oro q>teprot6 Kp1ap1 rou, pAtne1 rnv ·ID.A.Tl va n.tq>t£1 otT) 06A.aooa Kat retvet to xtpt tOU v' apna~£l ta OlKa tT)c; xtpl<l 7(0U £KtelVOVtQI os otaoll tKtolac; Kat npooeuxtjc;, evw ~ueir;etm otll 06A.aooa. MaTata 6µroc;, y1at[ to q>t£pcot6 KPl<lPL CIUVEXir;e1 jhaonKa to ni:tayµa rou, cetvovrcc rnv 'E)..)..1'1 vu nvlyEtat Kat xapir;ovtac; ttm an6 t6T£ to ovoud tllc; o ' curo rov novro, rov EHtjonovto. ttT) 0aA.aooa otaKpivovtm ljlapaKta. 0 OlaKOCJµoc; yiv£TQ\ µE KAaprota )..ouA.ouota Ka• ow Katro µtpoc; OE rmvia avaypaq>um TO 0tµa roe KEvttjµatoc;: « <l>pi~oc; Kat 11 • EHT) », 'Ee napaA.)..ayil rou 1olOLJ KEVtJ1µatoc; Tl xevrriorpu CITO otaKOCJµO npootlh£1 l(Ql ou6 nouA.ui. nou Ssv dvat y)..6po1 -6nroc; 0atav£ to q>uo1K6- aA.M XEA10ova1C1a noo qm;pouyir;ouv, µaptupec;, navro an6 tT)V Tpay1Ki1 CJKflvtl· Ta xe)..106v1a we; yvroot6v, etvoi ouvT191oµtva orn )..aiKil ttxv11 K(ll 101aitepa oro oriµomca µac; tpayouo1a, ouv uuvroroq>6po1. Aoq>a)..roc; Kl £000 ea tono0eti191'11CQV an6 rnv )..a\Kti 1(£Vti1orpn, y1a va q>tpouv to 9A.tPEp6 µavta'tO rou !tVtyµou tllc; 'EA.A.11c; erooc yvwotouc; tT)c; a)..A.a Kat o ' oxo rov 1C60µ0. 0 µu9oc; stvcr yvroot6c; cno rov AnoA.A6owpo: 0 A06.µac; ntq>tovtac; CITT)V !tAEKtaVl) TT)c; µl)tptac; t(J)V T(QlOlOOV 'tOU -TOU cI>pi~ou K<Xt tT)c; 'EHT1c;£to1µar;6tav va OuotaoEt TO cI>p(~o yta vc otaµattjOCl, ouµq>wva, taxattc;, ue ro XP1'1CJµ6, 1'1 aq>op{a Tl)<; yl)c;. «Tooro mcouoac; o A06µac;, ouvavayKar;6µEvoc; un6 ttov Tl)V y11v KatOtKouv'twv, tro proµc.0 naptotl)CJE cI>p[~ov, Neq>tA.Tl 0£ µeta tT)c; 0uyatp6c; auwu avtj pnuoe, Kat MP· Epµou A.apouoa xpuo6µaA.A.ov Kpt6v toroKev, U<p' ou q>Ep6µevo1 01 • oopavoo yT)v unEptPTleuv Kat 0ciA.aooav: Oc; Se i:yf.vovto Kata Tl)V µ£Ta~u 1C£tµtvT1v 0a)..aooav :Etydou Km Xeppovnoou, c.OA.109ev e1c; rov ~u96v Tl ·EA.AT), KaKel 0avol'.>011c; auTtjc; an' EK£iVT)<; EHtjonovwc; EKA.tj911 ro nt)..ayoc;., i . Mia rooo tpay1Kti OKl)vtl, tva rooo av9p6>mvo 0tµa, 6nwc; elvm Tl KaKia Tflc; µT1tp1ac; Kt 11 ayan11 TT)<; µavac;, nou Kat an6 rov taq>O aK6µa, aypunva l(Ql MpaKOAOu0£i µl)V na0ouv ICUK6 ta mn01a tl)<;, tva 0tµa nou l;xe1 nepn0Et Kat orn oT)µonKtj µac; noiT)CJT], Ota tpayouo1a TOU EAAl)VlKOU A.aou, oEV µnopouoE va µT)V m:pa0£1 Kat otri A.ai:Ktj µac; t£xVT). Kt Tl anA.tj, aypaµµaT11 nontc; q>optc; A.ai:Ktj µac; KEVttjoTpa, µnopd va ayvod tov Ano)..A.6/)(l)po,to oiV£l 6µwc; TO opaµa OTO KeVTl)µ<i Tl)<;, KEVTQ tO µ600, ~EAOVIU ~EAoVlU otriv mo Kopuq>a(a too ot1yµr,. • Ox1 y1a 01oa1CnKouc; µ6vo oKonouc;, y1a va µac; n£1, y1ati o n6vtoc; an6 ton ovoµar;etat EA)..tjonovtoc; tj yta Va 0000£1 TO µtjvuµa tOU 7tOVOU tT)«; tpaytKtjc; µavac; !tOll XtlV£1 to 7tQtOi tT]c; ~I yta VQ tOV(O£l n6oo KaK6 npaµa elvm otl)v avtiA'lljl1'1 wu )..aou µac;, 11 µ1Cll)ttl µritp1a, <lAM Kat an6 KaAAl't£XVlKO µepaKt, y1a va oto)..{0£1 to onntK6 n1c;. 0 µu9oc; oev ouydvnoe µ6vo tT] Aai'Ktj K£vTtjotpa nou tov anaOavattCJE µe nc; xpuotc; tllc; tlroattc; one; A~rottKec; ncivtec; <lAM Km tl)V A.a\Ktj no1tjtp1a nou tov £Kave Tpayouo1 nou xopeuetm oto oKon6 tl)c; Anepa9it1K11c; ~Mxac;. H Anepa9lT1ooa )..ai:Ktj 7tOltjtpla, CIUYXPOVQ Kat 0ClOKciAa2, typalj/£ TO TpayOU0t 1taVOO OtO oKon6 tl)c; B)..axac; Kt tµa9e ta Mto1a tl)c; ato axo)..e16 va TO xopr.uouv. 'Etol EKtoc; ano TO ljlllX<lYffiYlK6 µtpoc; Km to KaH1tEXVlK6, nhuxe Km Tov Ka9apa M1oaywy11C6, ta na101a 011A.a0tj va µciOouv Ka1 va ~trooouv t6ao ~a91ci tov ApyovauttKO µu0o Ka1 ta µT1vuµat6 TOU, 1t0U va µl)V tOV AT]oµovtjoouv !tOTE. napa0ttw £Oro rnuc; oxenKouc; OEKanevtaau)..)..a~ouc; ot!xouc;:

Ma 17 NaptJ.17 neOave Kt o dvtpw; t17t; µ10.v <.f).).17 mjpe. nov txOpa ur:a nauS1a efxe noJ.v µcyOJ..17.

rouvrot

• ••

ttT) Mtjoe1a tou Euptniori ri na100Kt6voc;

Kai rov AfJdµa tpaJ.e Ovufa va ta Ktive1, µa 11 µava ra potj817ue Kt w; efxe Kat neOave1.

MH.d. <Piht;. ra J.6)1ta rcJ.c1waav· an61paa17 to ntjpa va <JKOt<i>nw ra nato1d µou Kat VO. tOV ofv(J.) <m6 ttT XWpa... 'EJ.a nav0.8).10 xtp1, nape to µaxalp1, nape Kat tpd.{Ja wr; ro nrepvo rov Plou to n1ea.J.ondt1 to 1t1Kpo... KOPYtJ>AIA. BtPata and nttpa nJ.dnr17Ktr; r, nl&po txe1r; yfve1 nou µnope<Jer; twv <J1tldxvwv aou nov '101wv t17 <ncopti, nov µovaxfT t'f ytvv,,aer;. pape10µ01p,,, µovaxa V' ano8epf<rl1( <JVppt(a Kl frat dKap017, aKJ.17p6.... ,..4,

••• 'Eva Kp1<i.p1 µ1a ppa01d. (!Ta ouo na101a ,,,, ofve1 Kt tru1 r ' <mFJ..evOepwue an • r:17 Ounfa · Kefv17.

•••

o

Ati:i:

Mc ro hpuipt q>uyavc ra 0110 nau5ui an ' fl/ xwpa µa miJ.1 UUVaVttjuave Kaiaj Kat µaV/ ! wpa.

• • • flepvotluav rov Elltj<ncovro Kt 17 '£).).17 e(aJ.fu017 Kt an· ro Kptapr btcae, tov tJ>pff,,o arcoxwpfuf)q.

••• H 'EV..17 µea• at17 fJdJ.aaaa nv1yµtv17 elvat twpa Kl 0 tJ>pf(.o<; µIi no).u KOJ1µ6 ndct <1C t;iv17 xd:Jpa.

ME TOV mvaKa aut6 0 Aa6c; 9tA£l va KQTQ01Kcl0£l tl)V KaKtj µciva, nou Tl) 0ewpd ~tvT) npoc;; ta EAAT]VtKci t91µa nou avtf0eta e~a{pouv tl)v KaA.tj µava, 6nroc; Tl 'AA.KT)Otll.

£1K. 11. To Kap<ip1 n7i; Mtj&iai;. (Kt.vn7µa Mfvat; H).. Tpawia, <JTO Xa)xi) <J>wr. N. K.

•••

3. «O APrOE ANA.rN.OPIZEI TON 04 YI:tEA ..

Et<; t17v KoJ.xfoo eKaVF. fJoofa tO Kptapl Kai cnov A1tjr17 t&ont. tO oepµa WU VO. tcapct.

••• fldvw ae 1ua peJ.av1oui. ro Kptµane eKefvo<; Kat op<i.Kovrw; tO {l'V..l.ayr., nou OeV rOV 'entaV ' tinvo<;. Ko.1 t6rn o 10.novw; fJdxei nap'fYopla Va f.ava(ef Q)aVtOO'T/Kd cn17v oµop<p17 £K<1tpar:efa.

• • • Ma tjrav 6;wx; rvxepo to oepµa va yvpfae1 nwv tdno µw; Kat r ' aprpawi. va µat; <;avafJvµfTae1

n . avt6

• •• ,HOFJ..e 0 ld<Jovw; vaxe1 t17 PamJ.efa a).).a to Oepµa E1tptne Va (l)Epel <JtOV flFJ..fa.

•••

2. H MHAEIA

Tovr; tjpwe<; eKOJ..eae, y1a va wv po170tjaovv Kt oJ.01 µa(f rou np60vµo1 tfva1 va f,,eK1vtjnoov.

To KtvtT)µa dvm tT)c; aE{µVT)Otll<; M{vac; rpato(a an6 to XaA-

• • •

Ki TIJc; Na~ou. l:av 0tµa anotEAei tl) ouvtxeta too npo11youµevou. l:tov Jt(VaKa EllCOV{r;um 'l KOpoq>ala OICflVtl toll opciµatoc;. H MtjO£ta ica01oµtVl) otT)v aKpoyt<lAtci, µe ta natotci tT)c; ayK<lAtci Km Tflv tpoqi6 napaµepa, uo1µar;etat y1a tT) µaKplVtj e~op{a tric; Uotepa an6 T'lV Q!UOtla tOU avtpa tl)c; Utaova. Ot vautec; onp<l>xvouv to Kapap1 t0oc; yta avaxropflOl). 'Onroc; µac; elne 'l ICEVttjotpa; "ll M1'oeta ayK<lA1cir;e1, yia t£A£Uta(a cpopa, ta nmoui tric;. 1tOU itp6K£lt(ll Va OKOtcl>O£l, 1tf>OK£tµtvou va QIC:OAOU9tjo£l to Op6µo Tflc; £~op(ac;;, ltOU tric; opto& 0 KptoVtac;. Optv 6µroc; y(v£t «0t6 1'1 itapaµciva, nto ntpa, 9p11v£l atcoOTptq>oVtac; to np6awno «it6 t'lv µl)tpoic-covo. To Otµa e{vm eµ1tVeooµtvo an6 to yv(OOtO µU0o, ltOU opaµatono{rioe OtT)V oµ6>vuµl) tpayroo(a tOtl 0 Eup1n(OTJc;;.

tJ>1axve1 o · Apy0<; t17v Apy<i> µe f,,vJ.a rov fl17).lou Kl 0 Tti<p17<; y1a WTXO.VIKOt; aveJ.ape WU nJ.ofov.

..

~

Tcµaro1 01 Apyovatlte<; µw; 00.ppor; Kl <mo aw5pefa. {l'taxvouv r17v Apyovaur1Ktj eKefv17 F.K<Jtpatefa.

••• E1r; r17v Kolxfoo e{l'Ba<Jav Kat <JtoV A1tjt17 nave ro otpµa to XpvnoµaJJ..ov rov Kptap1ov (17tdve.

••• EKefvor; OeV eotxt17Ke va to napaxwptjne1 Kt 17 Mtj0e1a npoa{l'ep017Ke y1a va rovr; po170tjne1.

oe

Iuµqirova µe t0v AnoU60wpo: .. Auto{ -o Iciorov Kat 1'1 M1'0tia- tj)..0ov Etc; tl)V K6ptV9ov IC(ll £1t( µev ot1Ca ttri tjaav £UtUlt(c;, 6tav 6µwc; o Kptrov, ~01>..e~ t'l<; Kop(v6ou tou to1oev we; YllVO(Ka Tl)V K6priv tOU f)..auKT)V (= fa)..avtj), 0 Iciorov t'lV eotxe'l. napayK(l)V(oac; (napaµep{oac;) tT]V Mtjoetav. Aut1' & acpou £7t£KaAto0ri touc; 0eoi>c;, r.1c; rnuc; ono{ouc; tl)<; eixev opK100ti o 16owv KQ\ Qq)OU EltQVElAl)µµtvroc; tjA.ey~e TOV IQaova Ol<l tl)V axap1ot(av too, El«; µtv tT]V vfov vuµq>l) fot£lAeV tva ntnAOV ltOtlOµEVOV µE .,J1Jay1Ka) q>apµaKa, to ono(ov µ6)..1c; tov eq>Opeaev £KElVT) tjvalj/E

••• Tov optixovra 17µtpe1pe Kai ntjpave to l>tpµa Kt 6).01 µa{.f rovr; np60uµm yupfaave ato tepµa.

•••

H ApyovaunK1\ EKO'tpatda

Eav tµafJav cn17v IwJ.Ko t'I<: Mtj&1w; t17v Kaxfa. cn'fv Kop1v80 wvr; fore1J.av y10. ndvra et;opla.

Bo.111J.1Ko avtpoyuvo, AfJdµw; Kat Nf.({ltJrt eKdµavc ovo nauSui. to tJ>pff,,o Kat rrtv 'Ellrt.

••• 14

•••

Kat 6).o avtpa1vc rndw.o cn17v Apy<i> tOV Kt an6 'va c!tiJ.o adn10 r'l( ppfTKe to Odvato rov.

f\'r\~ T

"?,p"'-

J

!~~:X: -J-

~ 00

~,,"

'?i...~ "vars"'

~

~

.~n

£11<. 12. «O Apyor:; avayvwpl(e1 rov Obu<Jata... ( 'Epyo HJ.iKrpar:; n. <J>).o.µoup<ix11 1900) <Pwr. N. K.

15


MvBo).oy1Kd Btµara ae xevtnuata

tm;

Na(,iaK<i revxoc; 17 - 18. 0Krwfip1oc; 1987 - (/>f,ppovdp10c; 1988

Nd(,ov

yo tflc; va ~A.ti, Kaµapci>vovtac; tov thA.o tou tpyou tT)c;: .. Apyoc; avayvwp{C1:1 tOV OSooota ... Kat tfl xpovoA.orriµtVfl U1toypacpl) tric;: .. 'Epyov HA.tnpac; n. ~).aµoopa"fl 190().,6.

mD.1 npoxerrm y1a µ1a ouyK1vf1nKT) onyµtj an6 rnv Oouoocic. 0 A.a6c;, 6nwc; ~Unoµt:, Ss 01aA.ty1:1 wxaia ta 0£µata rou. EmA.ty1:1 exetvo xou txouv µtoa rooc µflvuµata, ouµj3oA.1oµouc;. nou txouv av0pu)ma Kat ouy1nvouv, auta xou ouyKA.ov(Couv, nc; KOpucpaii:c; onyµtc; tOU OXEllKOU µU0ou. :Eto KEVtflµa auto Tl KEvrriorpu OIQAE~E an:6 aA.A.t:c; OKflvtc;. autl) rn ouyKIVflt\Ktl aHa Km tpay1Ka 0A.1~1:ptj onyµT) y1a rov Oouoota. Tn ouvavtflOtl rou ue rov ayanflµtvo roo o!CUA.o, rov moro • Apyo, nou 20 oA.6KA.T)pa xp6v1a tOV neplusvs va yup(o1:1, va tOV OEl Kl UOttpa ac; ~EIVUXT)0€1. Kdnors. ta Cciia, µac; eivm n10 mata 1e1 an6 roix; av0pci>n:ouc; ... Ac; 0uµT)0ouµt touc; oxi:t1Kouc; otixouc; an6 rnv Ooooo1:1a, nou Sev anottA.ouv µ6vo tva µ01poA.61 y1a rov morov • Apyo aA.A.a Kt £va «EltltUµ~lO» U~IO, QAMoOtE, yta tOV moro covrpoeo tOU 00UOOfo:

l:t KEVtT)µa A~ci>ttKou onmou (otflv A0T)va) t11cov(C1:ta1 o Opcptac; va 7talCt1 tfl A.upa tou, ouvooeuovtac; µta ictvt1'cnpa 1t0u KEvt<i. 2i;xaoµtvec; ropa{ec; OKflVE<; an6 ta apxaia Kat nalta omna, t6te nou fl Cool) µac; otv dxe aK6µa 1V£Ot(oe1 an:6 tTJV t~U1~11 ica1 µ rixavonoi T)Otl tflc;. Opcpfoc;, o T)proac; tflc; npwt6yoVf1c; A.upac;, &v 1'fav 0uvat6 napa va ppio1Ceta1 oe oxtofl µe to 0£io 1C18ap1or1') too OA.oµnou, tov An6Hrova ... ~ A7t6Hrovoc; oe cpopµ1Ktac; ao1oai 1tatl)p tµo),£v waivritoc; Opcpi:uc;;», Ati:1 o Divoopoc;. •01 Ql)Xa{Ot UµVflOQV tfl OUVOµfl tflc; A.upac; tOU 1tOU µa)'EU£ av9pci>!!Ouc; !Cat Cciia, Km li1Vuxa aK6µa. H µ00011c1' tou µaytut1 tov nA.outrova otOV • Ao11. 1tOU tOU £1tltpE7tCI va naptl 1tl0(1) tT)V Eupoo{Kfl. Ot u1pl)vec; otaµarouv to tpayouo1 t0uc; 6tav t1Ct:ivoc; apxiCt1 to ouc6 too. rto t~(ot tWV Apyovaut<i>v µ£ tflV µououcl) tOU E~aocpaA.iCEt tT)V yall)Vfl tT)c; 0<iMiooac; !!OU tlOUXfl tOV aKOUEl. Ot :EuµnA.maoec; µtvouv adVfltec; Kt hot n:Epva ro 7tA.olo tOU<;. 0 cpopi:p6<; opaKoc; tric; KoA.xioac; 1t0U cpuMi:t to xpuo6µaA.AO otpac; a1tOK01µ1ha1. Tttoia ouvaµri txet Tl µoooucl) tOU Opcpfo. AK6µa Kat µEta to 0<ivat6 rou ta ari06v1a nou • Kavav nc; cpwA.1tc; touc; OtOV tacpo tOU 0coo lj/OAA.ave, A.tet, )'AUKUtEpa an6 t' <iA.).a,.1.

.. o

«:., Aura KaB<ix; .la).o6aavc Kt avdµea6 rou<; A.fyav. aKu.ll nou xottovtav, r · avnci. Kai ro Kupci.11 opO<i>vc1, o 'Apvoc, nou o avtpOV'VX°' &ooa&u; rov eixe OptV1et, 6µu:x; &v rove xdp'lKC, y1ar • elxe rp6ye1 exeivo; atnv Tpola rare<; T'lV 1cptj· (1 • illo°' KatpoV<; 01 via: rov nalpvave va KUV1fYOVv AayoV<;. {apKci.Ota, ylo1a. Ttbpo • n . 0 <Vptvr,,<; ekme.. TOV d!p17aav neauivo atnv oiotnoauivn tnv Konp1ci. Poi51wv Kat µovA.ap1ww:, rrov oµrrp6<; at'l Ovpa arr..l.wvovrav, Kl 01 napay1ol MO KeiOt. tnv atjKwvav Kat K6rrp1(av ro°' Kljrro°' rou 06ooata. Arrdvw avrov Ka06rave totunoopuundvo; 0 'Apvo; Kat tcapa; dµa µuplt1f'1K£ a1µd rov Ooooaia. yopyoaaJ..eVt.1 t'IV ovpd. r · avr1d rov KarePd{e1. µa mo Kovrd rou <Vpivr'l tou &v µrropeu; va (vyWae1. I'6p1a • aura<; tnv OVJ'l rou Kat t1rpDVyylt1 • Iva &ixp10 KpU<pO µe rpono, Kl vaupa rov nuruxo pwrovae. - Meyd.A.o Odµa. atnv «onpui va µvtjaKe1 tixoiot; t1KVA°' aµoprpo<; t1KVA°', µa dpaye<; vdva1 «as yopy01ro0apo<; KOVtd atnv rO<»J rou oµoprpui. y1a vdva1 oa MO xeivoo; 1rov ata rparrl.{ta atoA1aµ6 ro°' t.xouv 01 <Vptvrti&<;: - Kl ea6 Eouau: xo1pofioaKt. rov MeJ.oytjO,,<; Kl eino; - Elvai t:Ke1vov rrov Mi8ave ata c!l.va auto<; o aKVA°'. Av tjrav frq1 ato xoput Kat ata l.pya rou aav tote<; nov o Ooooueat; rov <Up,,ae Ktv<i>vrat; yia r17v Tpola. rote<; Oa Kolra<; OVVaµr/ Kat YA1fYOpti&. abf8e1a. Ayp/µ1 Jev rov (.bpwye µea • ara PaOuJ. rov A.oyyov. Kd0e KVVtjyt, TrOU • e{Jya(e at ' axvd.p1a µaB,,µl.v°' Kat na81aaµtV°' twp ' aura<;, 0 <Vptvt1f(; TOV t1ta c!l.va xaµtv°' Kat &v v01d{ovtai YI. avr6v eOW 01 yuvalKe<;. K1 01 outiA01, ua & ppfaKerat nmrdva> ro°' mpevr,,<;. oov.letd va Kdµovve (1(/)(1tlj .& Oilovve ma rorec;· n rrafpve1 T'1 µ1utj aperlj rou avOp<i>nov o ppovroplxr'l<: 0 J fat;, dµa r'I<; UKA.ap1d<; '1 µaVP'l roop8e1 µepa. Aura aav elne, ara A.aµnpd 7taAdr1a µtua µnriKe Ka1 mjye ro°' KaµapwroV<; µv,,artjpe<; v • avtaµwae1. 'Oµw<; rov 'Apyo Odvar°' µa0po<; Kt axv6<; rov ntjpe. aav el& rov arpl.vr17 rov, ara elKoa1 XP6v1a endvw•j.

0 · Apyoc; t1KOviCttm, npayµan, oto KEVtflµa, va ava<JT)1Cci>ve1 to K£cpQAl, avayvrop{Covtac; tOV OSuoota, 1tOI) 0A.tµµtvoc;, oaKpuoµtvoc;, a1Couµna n:avro oto pa~{ tou, 0Kupc1 to Kecpa).1 Kat Kpl>Ptt tO 1ttKp6 tOO oaKpu. y1a to aya7tf1µtvo tOU OICUAL 6inMi tOU 0 Euµa10<;, 0 aA.A.oc; 1tl0t6<; 0ouA.oc; tou, oe(xvet <JtOV OSooota, ouYKlVflµEvoc; tov • Apyo. To ron:{o t:ivat anA.6, antpttto, Vfl<JtcOnKO. 6eixve1 oto j3C0oc; ta ~ouva tflc; I06KtK 0 · Apyoc; ~p{0Ktta1 ~a1tM.lµtvoc; Katro an6 tva otvopo Oto npoauA.10 tOU na).anou too Oouoota. H a~ta KEvtT)otpa O£V 1tapaA.ei1t£t KQtCJl a1t6 to tp-

5. 0 OP~E.Al: KAI H EYPY4IKH rm Ktvniµa t:v6<; µ~tA.apaKtOU OlflV noraµta N<i~ou f.lKOViCeta1 o yvroot6<; µu0oc; tou Opcpta Kai tTJc; EupuoiKflc;. rrou txe1 01aoci>o£1 0 BipyiA.1oc; otouc; ropaiou<; or{xouc; tou: «H Eup1o(Kfl, Tl aya1tflµ[vf1 oUCuroc;. tou Opcpta, 6tav K61t01a µtpa tcpeuyE tflV EPOOttKT) ICataO{(l)~fl tOU Aptotfou, oayKciJ9rpce 0avao1µa Q1t6 tva <plot Kpuµµtvo Otfl xA.6ri. Maraia 0 Opcpfoc; npoona0el va Kata: npauvt1 lfl oKA. T'IP1' tou A.u1tfl dvovtac; ta ~ouva tflc; 0 palCfl<; v. aVTTJxouv an6 t0uc; t6vouc; tTJc; ).upac; tou· ri £tK6va tflc; Eupuo1Kflc;. rrou ppioKttat navra µnpootli rou tov Kata0).I PEt Kat tov fiaoaviCEt. MT) µnopci>vtac; va Ct)oE1 µaKp1<i tflc;, anocpaofCt1 va KattPi:t y1a avaCT)lfloT) tflc;; oto 01Cott1v6 pamA.£10 tou • Aofl· Ktt1 tcatEPa( VEl 0. aut6v 61tOU Ol apµovtKO{ tOU tl)'.Ol 0£).youv tOV ~aOlAlQ t(l)V OKIWV, J!~U un6oxetat va tOU ~avaoci>OCI tfl ouvtpocp6 tou. 0 DA.ourwvac; tvav µ6vov 6po 0ttt1: va µflv atpelj/El o OpcptCl<; ica1 napatTJpT)ot1 tflV Eupuo(Kf11tOU rov aKoA.ou0ouot npot~u q>0<ioouv Otfl xci>pa tOU q>Wt6<;. Kata Tfl onyµT) 6µroc; !!OU 01 000 touc; Enp61ee1to va 7t£paoouv to oU9p10 £KEivo 6pto, o Opq>foc; aouvarciivtac; va avtlOta9ef 7t£p1006rtpO OtOV £prota 7t00 tOV K~TEf)'.t:, otptqm to 1Ct:cpaA.1 tou va Kmt<i~tt TflV Eupoo{Kfl, Tl orro1a aµforo<; cl;acpavlCttat ..•. 0 raA.aC10<; ntrrA.oc; noo ru).iye1 rouc; Mo tpwteuµtvouc; ouµPoliCet, voµICro. tTJV nopela arr6 to 9<ivato otfl Crotj, a7t6 to oKot&iv6 Pao!A.tto rou • Aofl oro cpwtetv6 ya).at;10 t • oupavou. 0 Aa6(; 7t0U ayan:ci µ£ rra0oc; tfl µouOIKtl 0£V 1'fo OUVat6 va a'YVOE(OCt Otfl lai:KT) tC)'.Vfl tou Kat to 01:6 tflc; Mooo1Ktjc;. AK6µa YlUti ri ouyKtVflttictl rrpoona0&ta tou cpwti:uµtvou 0oou, va £1tavacptptt rriv yuvahca too an6 tov • Aofl ocv µ7topouot va tov acp~oe1 aouylC!vrito. H A.axrapa mu Opcpfo oEv anottA.d µ6vo tvav uµvo OtT) ouvaµ Tl tric; aya1tflc; aA.).<i Kat an0Ka).61rtt1 to a1ci>v10 9£µa, tfl A(lXtapa OflAaoT) tOU 0VT)tOU av0pcilnou Va ~Eq>Uytt a7t6 to 9avaro. Kl aK6µa 6tt µ6vo Tl ouvarT) aya7tf1 µnopd va ~lKtjO£l a1C6µa Ka1 to 00.varo, autl) µnopei Kat veKpouc; aKoµa v avaorl)-. 0£1, 6n<0<; ouvtPri µ£ tov • Aoµrito Kat tflV • AAKT}Otfl.

£11.:. 15. H A017vd aKcrrroµtwr (Korpro KiVT'lJl<I -Kovpriva- EvOvpia:; Bo.)).17vgpd aro Xa).xi) <!>uJT. N. K.

6. H A0HNA :EKEllTOMENH LC ICOOptiva n:apa0upou onmou oro XaA.d, Tl 0tta µou Eu0uµ{a BaHflvopa txtt KEvtT)ot1 µe Kocpr6 1etvtf1µa, oi: npot0µtj, tflv rrapaotaOT) «tflc; ASflvac; n:ou OKUcptT) 0pf1V£{ ro 9avato tOU A x1A.Al;a otT)v Tpota ... H 0ca tflc; I:ocplac;. 11 npo0tat10a toov EHtjvwv atov TpwiK6 n6A.tµo, oKUcprtj aKouµna to KEq>aA.1 tflc;, to ooA.1oµtvo µt tflV rrcptK&cpaMila, oto 06pu tflc; Kat 0pf1vei tov T)pcoo tou Tpu)11eou noA.tµou, ro nprotorraA.A.T)Kapo tric; EA.A.a0oc; µc tflV OtUXfl µo(pa, J!OU tnEoE OtO 1t&olo rric; µ<ixric;. Eiva1 to ooµjk>A.o tT)c; K<i0t µava<; nou 0privel to xaµtvo y10 tTJc;. Tiffic; to av0pffimvo QUt6 0£µa Va ~Ecpuytl an6 TO A.a6 Kat tl)V tEXVfl tOU; Dci>c; Vil ayvotlOEI ta naA.1Kap1a tou, rouc; T)pwtc; tou, rrou navra 9auµaC1:1 autl) T} )'.ci>pa !(l)V T}pWWV; H K&vtT)otpa oa c51aKooµfltlK<i 0tµata tflc; Kup1ac; napaotaoflc; rono9etei Kl an6 nc; ouo 1tA.wptc; q>ttpwrot'.>c; tprotec;; Kl oA.6yupa, Of: µot(J3o otecpavou, y1p).avttc; µ£ A.ouA.ouota. 'Evac;; ncp{yupoc; a~IOc; va oto).loct tT} 0ta tric; oocplac; µc o(JµpoA.a nou !00><; va µriv eivat ruxaia yia Tfl µvl)µfl tOU Ax1Hfo. LtO n6:vro µtpoc; tflc;; 1couprivac; µ1a auA.fltp{oa cpa{vttat va nalCtt µoum1etj, npoona96>vtac; ioroc; va 01ao1eeoaot1 tfl 9A.l\jlfl tflc; 0Ecic; 1' va 0pf1vt)oe1 cA.1:yt1aKa to x.aµtvo naA.11Cap1 trov EHtjvwv. H A9T)v6, UA.A.woti:, o' aotl) tfl at<ioll -nou i::ivat yvwotl) Kat oav «A0flv6 oK1:1rtoµtVfl»- Elva1, we; yvwor6v, "Tl 0ta tflc; vof1µoouv11c; Kat tflc; A.oy11er,c; ... 'Eva arr6 ra xapaKtflptot1K6tepa em9tta 1tOU o!vtl 0 . OµT)p(,., OtflV A9f1VQ civm to «1tOAUJk)uA.oc;; .. t1eeivf1 nou txt1 n:oHT) cpp6vri011. noA.A.T) icplofl. 'Onroc; o nattpac; tT)c;. ~£7ttpv<i1:1 l(l aot1' 6A.ouc; tOU<,; 0wuc; OE VOflµOOUVT). Elvat Tl rrpootanc5a tou Ooooota, rou n10 µuaA.roµtvou an6 t0uc; OµflptKooc; tjprotc;. An6 tOUtfl tflv anOljlfl, tflc;; ~tCE nou T)tav Tl r;IO aya1tf1µ£vf1 0e<i roo tA.A.riv1Kou A.aou, nou untjp~E Kata tflV ropala tKcppa011 too Bictor Berard «O npc0t0c; A.a6c; µE ).oy11CT)»9• 'Ex,t1 A.01n6v Kat tva ttto10 ooµpoA.10µ6 fl tono9£tf10tl Tflc; oto rrapa9upo tOU 07tlttOU, av OK£q>tei KavEic; Otl Kat OTO un£p0upo tv6c; O!tl ti OU otov KaA.6~u).o µi: xpovoA.oy!a 1856 avaypacpctat to oxi:nK6 PT'lt6 «£1mffiv Kat c~1ciJv owcpp6vi:1:··

E1K. 13. 0 Opipiat; Kai 'I Kcvujarpa. (K ivr,,µa Euycviat; Maycponou).ou) </>wr. N. K.

16

17


Nat,1aKd rcvxoc; 17 - 18, 0KrwPp1oc; 1987 - (f)t;ppou<i.p10c; 1988

MvOoA.oy1Kd fJtµo:ra ac «evinuaia Tl'J<:; N6l,,ov "Ta qcfvbaA.a anobf.Orpce ra o).oxpuao. ra copolo; Tdip()apra nov rov mjKwvav aav dveuo; ardvw 'c T'1V y17v oJ..trv tnv dnupov Kai 'c ta 8aM.a<Jia nlliT17»•0. Me t6oec; A.otn6v, 1016tritec; Kat wepyeoiec; too 0rou crov dv0pwno Kt cxouc oav .. i\6y1oc; Kill KtpoOOoc; » Epµt\<; oav 0E6c; tT)<; veoA.aia.c;, rtov Sp6µrov, tT)c; uyclac;, tTJ<; yoVLµ6<ritac; nch<; va µriv ayan:riO&i t6oo Otl')V apxm6tl')ta. Kat va µriv nEpaoEt µtoa an:6 rriv rtxvri yA.onnKt), Croypaq>tKii, Kat oe µa<; ol)µepa µe TI]V A.ai:Kt\ ttxv11 Ota KEVTT)µata t(J.)V cl~lWV txpO.VTpt<i>V Kat KCVtT)OtpWV µac;;

7. H roPrONA To Kl:vtT)µa £lKOviCe1 TT) ropy6va, tT)V aSd.qni tOU McyaHl;aVTpoo 1tOU EµcpaviCETat µnpoata OtO a.p)'.a(o 1tAOiO. r1ati O µU0oc; i:ri<; yopy6vac; &cv t:ivm µovo vt0cHriv1K6<;. Eivm Km apxaioc; Km 0oµiCE1 nc; 1:E1piivEc;. Ltl')V KpT)tT)IOa tou Avt(l)VlclOTJ Ota~Coµe O)'.£T11Ca: l:.'11..-. 16. Epprj::, 0 ayyci.101p6po::, TWV eaJ>V. (Kivtnua tn; Map. tffappri an · to <P1}.6n) </>(!)(. N. K.

- Navra TOV ll6vrov rov MaiJpov nov ~et.lye.1<; &1...l.6<; WC <1tpov8/ov; 'Exe1<; & Tpfxac; op8<i.<; Kai ra xea,, (I){ x'7Pat; KcUOnTpav; Mfptwc xe.1µ<.i>vat; TO Kvµa 011jvo1(.ev apuaaov Mov; uKoneA.01 µfptwc ooKok aruxok oie<JKopruuav nJ..olov: Nvµ~17 eKef<Jt. n:lavaTai, <Uppot.l<; µe T17v nTtpvav n:t.totl<Jo. txoooa & Ke.rpa)..ljv ct<; ve.~tJ..trv nuKVljv <Jt17p1yµt"'Tv. Mt...la1va Koµ17v oumlovua Kai n:lljnoV<Ja T • ayp10v KVµO. 8wpaxa. ~tpe1 XaJ..Kovv, WC Ka8pi:TcTTJ<; TO twp ava.dciJVTO. 6rcep TO rcpo<JW1tov ntµrce1, Oo.µPwvov TO qxrx; TOV 17l/ou. ntJw KPOTOVV <J1b17pal &&µevat; Tat; Xeif)(l{ K. 01 n:6&<; elva1 oµov 17vwµf.vo1 Kat ~tpouv 1x80o<; ra lbt17. '1parru T17v np<i>pav rwv nlolwv, Kat plnre.1 xo.µal Ta urrla mpt~el 0 'on/q(JJ TO pevµa rov llovrou KIVOOOa TOI><; nooat;·

EPMHI:, 0 AITEAIAl1>0P01; TfiN 0EnN Ktvtriµa n1c; M. lf'appa M' ro c!>Ll..6m. 0 EpµiJc;, naptotavctm OE Ol 1tA t1 oi:6.011 oA6owµoc;. ti:a x.f:pta i:ou Kpat6. ro µayuc6 q>n:pwt6 pa~/)( toU, ouµfk>l..6 tOU Kat OtO n6/)1a tOU q>tp£t qrrcpwt6. ntotl..a. Avdusco one; ou6 6µ01cc; napaotclOEl<; toU 0wu un6.p)'.EI o nap0cvcilvac;. o va6c; n1c; 0c0:c; tl')c; ooqiiac;, ro xplvo to aµapavi:o n1c; EUriv1Kt)c; ttxvric;. To oxtoto npotpxctm an6 nal..t6 tEuxoc; mu n:cptoOtKou <•Epy6)'.Etpo». (tcux. 131, Notµ~p. 1958). 0 Epµt)c; etvci an:6 woe; ayan11µtvouc; 0wuc; rou E).l..rivtKou /..aoo. Tov ayana 1010.ii:Epa onv a.yyEA.1aq>6po ttov 0t6Jv (i:a.xuop6µo). a.A.A.a Km oa.v lj/t))'.onoµn6•. ouv a.px1Kl..tq>tTJ, oa.v ucvm a.Ha Kat Eq>EUpl:tT) n1c; Mpac;. To ayaA.µa tOU q>nanitvo an6 rov npa.~1tl:AT) ot0/..ICE1 aK6µa w uouceto tT)<; apxalac; OA.uµniac; Kat ouµ~oA.IC1:1 to ropaio owµa xoo 01a.nl..ai:i:c1 o a0A.rinoµ6c;. 1:)'.ETIKcl ue 10 µayLK6 tOU pa~o(, 10 KTJPUKELOV, ru qni:pWTcl tOU n:to1A.a.. TTJV 6A.ri rou tµq>6.v1ori Kat tli16triti:c; o Descharme crn Mu0oA.oy{a rou (or.A .. 173) ypaq>c1: «An6 ta. avaq>cp0tvta ouµfk>A.a. rou Epµt\ xuptorepo i:lva.i to KTJpuiccw ... q>ti:prot6 pa~ol yupro an6 to oxoto tul..iyovi:lll ouo µnl..cyµl:va q>{Ota ... r.ovri0ton:pa rouro dvat to tµ~A.riµa too KT)poKa, Km oilµ~oA.o c1pt)v11c;. AU.a TO po~oi TOO Epµt\ E)'.£1 taut6)'.pova Kill µay1ict) ouvaµT). AnOKOlµlCc1 Kat q£1p£L rou; vEKpouc; ... " K 1 6nroc; Hct o "Ounpoc: 0 Epµ1'c; "XPV<JO papbi xpatotae wpafo. µ · exelvo avOpdmou fJ)ltpapa y...lvK<i atov 6nvo K...lelvc1, on6rav OtJ.. · rj K · e(.aqwa xouubuevov eyetpe: ... » «:£i:pV£l n:[Ou) tOU nc; ljlt))'.E<; rtov vcxpev, µEta~QAA£l 0£ )'.puo6 Ka0E ti 1t0U ayy{Ce1, ica06>c; q>OV£p<iw£1 ro eni0t:t0 TOU 0£00 «)'.Pl>o6ppamc;n Kill cpa{vCTOI 6tl eivei ouµ~OAO tT)<; aqi0ov{a.c; Kat tOU 7tAOlltOO ... An6 re oµrip1Kn t)ori xp6v1a ri ta)'.UtT)ta too Epµtj mu ayyEA.taqi6poo t(J.)V 0Eci>V, anoo{ootav OtT)V IOl6tl')t0 TIJ.)V ntOLAIJ.)V 1(00 q>OpOUOE:

OvTw & Pillt.J ~wvrjv. 17v µvp/01 8v'1!ol &v &KPillovv, 6Tav Tl'J<; µax11<; '1 A.ooua qrpayljv aµo1Palav µ,,vv17. - Z17 o eµix; Pa<11...ldx; o A.Uf.avbpO{, 'EJ..A.17ve<; vaiJTa1; • Ox1 av eln'l<;. wOV( avvVJwve1 r17v xtfpa eKtfv,,v, ljn<; r17v npwpav Kparef. K · VVf'1...ld t.Kr1vciaae.1 ro dolov. On(l){ TO nd...lw O Z£t><; hl<JJtOpOt><; e(.f.neµm; µoopot><;· Bllie.1<; & f.t.l...la F.&JJ, KIApaJ..rit; U11Capµtva<; &Kei8e. Na1 anavrljuat;. wpaiav ef.al~v'l<; n:ap8tvov rcpooP...lbm<;. ljw; µe ...lvpav apxaiav KaTtxe.1 TTJ<; npvµvTJ<; ro <ixpov, cfve.µov h ' OVptOV ~f.pe1, T ' axdBt.KtoV KOµa npaOVtl, Kt bcma V1<ilJ..e1 ylvKelav wbljv. e1<; ovpav1ov µt).O( TOVOI><; npoq8f.TOl)(J• opy<i.vov, xopbdt; 11x11pdt; <JVv&Jvov<JO. ncfoa1 '51 • 01 ntp1(. axral avr11xovv e1<; r · ox6).ov8ov ciaµa. fl6Te, A).if,avbpe, ntillV, qrparot.l<; 00'7YWV llavrJ..)Jjvwv, OtJ..e.1<; TfK 'Ell'l<; rov novrov 01e18elv µe Myx11v npoµdxou ... ;11»

~avtp.oo Km tov n6vo, TT)<; ytati i:ou otEpT)O£ tT)V a0avao!a, xuvoVT~ a0EA.a tl')<; to a0avato vtpo Kat y1atl ouµ~ol..iCc1 tT]v mwv1a µvriµri TOO xaµtvoo EAAT)VlKOU µEyal..eiou ana KUI tT)V e~alCOA.ou0rinKT) rooT6oo KUptapxia TWV EAA.Jivrov OTT) 0QA.aooa., eivlll a.n:6 ~a mo ayan11µtva 0tµaTa OtT) veOEAATJVtKii ttxvri Kai A.aoypacpta µac;.

8. H uni; KAI TO APMA TOY HAIOY :Eto on{tt µ1ac; c!>1l..roTit1ooac;, oi:riv A0T)va, umip)'.Et µ1a µqaA.11 VT)OtcilttlCT) naVTa noo o' autt)v EtKOvlCetat «to apµa tOU iil..too Kill TJ Hci>c; ... 6nroc; avaypaq>eta1 OTT)V naVTa. Yn:oypaq>t) K£vtT)oTpac; «M. 'I'. (Mapia 'l'ap6.). 1930... _ To apµa ElKOvi~etat va 1tEpva 11'.clVIJ.) an6 tl')V A0t)va.. O(j)OU OTO 13ti~oc; ~E)'.roplCet 11 AKp6noA.T]. 0 An6U.,wvac; -<!>ol~- to oo11yt1 ouvooeu6µevoc; an6 nc; 'OpEc;, K<ll nc; Xcipttec;. navro ano TO ap~a tvac; cpteprot6c; 0E6c; Kpata tOV nupo6 EVW µnpoo;ci n:ponopeu£tat q>tepouy!Covi:ac; 11 «poSOOa1Ci:ul..o<; Hffi<;., oicopnwvtac; A.oul..ooo1a OtT) Yfl· To q>6VTO too apµaToc; xpuo{Cet an6 "l'O OKtlvo~A.o cp~ tol) t\A.100, evw µnpoota <pa.lVOVTQl va OIOAUOV'l'.lll ta OKOtElVa OUWEq>a µfoa OE µta 1t0.V01llo{a yal..aCop601.vrov xproµciTIJ.)V. Ava/-,oyri EtK6va Eivm yvroottj an6 tT)V apxafa µu0ol..oy{a. an6 no1rit{:<; Kat napaotaoEt<; apxalrov ayyEt0ypaq>rov. Eow (1)0r6oo np6KEl!Ql y1a mvaKa µEyciA.ou Croypacpoo TI]<; Avaytvvrioric;. 01(~ avaqitpi:ta1 OE nal..t6 axtot0 too .. Kcvti;µatoc;•> oto onolo oxenKa 01af}QCoµe: «An6 tT)v EAA.T]vtKt\ µu0oA.oyla dvat eµnveuoµtvoc; o 6auµaoioc; aoT6<; Croypacptot6<; n!v~. tpyov TOU µeyaA.ou 1taA.oo Croypaq>oo tT)<; Avaytwiio£~ rKoulvto Ptv1, n:ou nap10tave1 TT) 0ea tOU 1tprotvou cprotoc;, tT)v Heil, tTJV EmKal..ouµtvriv p<>OoMKtul..ov Kat a1CoA.ou0ouµtv11v an6 Tov 0E6v 'HA.1ov en{ tou t£tplnn:ou cipµat6c; tOU. H Hooe; OKOpnlCet A.ool..ouota OtT) YT). to 0£ apµa TOO . HAIOU oovo&uetat ano tt<; 'OpEc; ..... JJ. 0 t\A.toc; dvat TO cproc; Kat 11 '"lYt\ tl')<; Cror\c;, elvm o µtya<; ZrooMtric; .. ME TT)V Avatol..T) too ~on:va T) c!>UOT] K(ll 01 av0p(l)Jt:OI, tpayouoouv ta nouA.ta, av01Couv ta A.ouA.0001a, µeotwvouv ta otaxua. Xrop{c; aut6v at<i>vto OK6toc; Kat nayrov16 Kat 0civaroc; ea tliA-1yav tl'] YT)<;. n~ A0t1t6v va µT) tOV AatpEljlOUV Ol av0pwTCOI OtO np6orono tou <!>o{j3ou An6AA.wva, n~ ot Croypaq>o1 va µriv tov a1tC11Cov!oouv, n:<i>c; 01 A.atd<; µac; Kevtr\otpE<; va µT) Kevtt)ooov t' . Apµa. tOU µ£ nc; xpuotc; KA(l)Ottc; tooc;;

To noiriµa a.ut6 ouvouaCEl to VEOEAAT)VlK6 µ660 yta TI]V yopy6va Kat nc; arxaiE<; napa&SoEt<; n:ou avaq>tpE1 y1a tov Al..t~avopo o 'l'euooKaHto0tvric;. Kt a1C6µa 0uµiCE1 tT) ropy6va too KapKapitoa. Ava:A.oyl'] elva1 Kill Tl oxu1K1' navE:A.A.1'v1a napaSoori: •01 ropy6vm<; E{VOI ropai.at<; yuvaiK£<;, µa aTC6 tl') µtori Kat Kat().) txoove oopa 1j10p1ou. Bp!oKovtlll • c; tTJ Maupri 0aA.aooa, Km noUa!c; q>opalc; Katt.~lvouv Kilt Klitw · c; Ta vi:pa µac;. r.ta e~T)vta. t6oa tva Kap6.~1 tote; a.n6.vtT)O£ an6~ro an:6 rri 0aoo. M£p1Koi A.tVE 1(~ tOL<; 1tEpo6t£pal<; q>0pa{c; q>a! VOvtlll TO Dif3Pato Kata t(l µEoavuxta .. Aµa tU)'.T) Kavtva Kapap1 ·c; to op6µo tT)<; ropy6vac;. to aSpaxvE1 moo niv nA.cilpri Kai protac1: .. zri o ~otl..uic; o AA.l:~avopoc;; 01 VaUtE<; n:pbtEI va eumuv: «ZT) !Cat ~ao1l..eu£t» ii «ZT) Kat j3ao1A.euc1 KOi tOV K6oµo e1pl]V£UEl», 1' «ZT) l((l\ ~OIA£UEI ICOI Cror\ va C)'.uE Kill 0£1~ ... T6te Tl ropyova an6 tT) xapa t'J')<; yivetat ropaia K6pri. TCQUCI toi.x; avtµoi.x; Kat ta Kuµata Kill Ttai~Et tl'] :A.upa. tT)<; Kill tpayouod YAOKa tpayooota Kat an:' auta µa0aiVOUV£ Ol vautat<; tOIJ<; ICUlVOupytotx; 01Conouc;. rt· auto, 6tav a1Couarel Kavtva Kmvoupyw tpayouo1 µE to pya:A.T6 aKo1t6, A.cv yta Kelvov nou to tpayoooei, 1U.O<; T' tlKOUOC an-6 TI] ropy6va. Av 6µ~ &v T)~eupouv Ol vautalC; Kat Kaµouv l..a0o<; VU ElltOUV TC~ 0 j3ao1Ai6.c; 0 AA.tl;avopoc; ent0avE, aypt£UEI T) ropy6va Kat oivc1 µ1a KOi 1tEta 111riM to Kapa~I Kat ntq>tCI Kill nviyovtal OAOl • <; TT) 0ciA.aooa. 'H cpEuyE1 µE 0pl)voi.x; Kat µmpoA6y1a, Kt ano ta dciµat6. tl']<; OT]K<i>vctat cpoj3epl\ <pouptouva. Kat l'!Vlytt to Kap6.p1 Kat OEv yA.otwve1 Kav£1c;.,12. 0 µu0oc; tl']<; ropy6vac; KQl yta.tl 0uµ{Ce1 tOV Mtyav AAt~avtpo ICat y1arl avaica:A.d CJtT) µvt\µri tT)V aya1tl') tTJ<; aoel..q>ii<; tOO Al..t-

·' ~1

- ~3_,\

lwarft ~J! -----··--------·--·-J

EtK.

E1K. 17. Topyova 1.:a1 Kapcip1. (Kf.1·rr11111 E1J)'. May1:p6n:ou).ou <!>wT. N. K.

18.

H

Jld.x;

Kai

ro dppa

19

18

ro11

'H).101;.

(Kb•r111ia Mapia:; 'Papp<i, 1910) <Pw r. N. K.


MvBoJ...oy1Kd Oiµara

CYC

xevtnuata

9. H AAEilOY KI 0 KOPAKAl:

Tl'J<;

Nocoo

4. Eup11t1011 Mtjo1:1a, 1236 - 1281. 5. Oooaaatia, P., 290 - 327 (MET. Apy. EcpTaA.t<i>TTJ). 6. H 1ta>..1a µou cruµµa0tjTpta EA.tu6tpla Ma>..aµattv1ou - KCJl_vOTOVTE, a1t6 TTJ Ntiouaa Ildpou µE ltATJpoQ)6p11ae 6Tt CJTO 1tatp11c6 anln t"lic; txouv µ1a 1ta>..1a ntivTa xou Et1Covi~e1 TTJ cruvaVT11a11 TTJ<; Naua11Ctic; µt rov Ooooata. OAATJ µta ropa{a OICTJ~ an6 TO a0avato EltO<;. rtyov6c; xou .EVIOXUel TTJV un60to11 6n 1to>..Atc; 01C11vtc; a1t6 TTJV Oouoat1a Eixav y{ve1 OtµaTa Kat 1t(va1CE<; TTJ<; AalKtjc; ttXVTJ<;. l:Tov m!pyo Too Ka>..aj}pou mo Ki:paµi unair X&t, £1tlO'TJ<;, tvac; µ&yti>..0<; ~Cllypacp11C6c; nlvaKac; nou e1Kovl~c1 TO ntpaoµa rou Oouoata a116 Ttc; :U1ptjvcc;. To lot0 6tµa to i:loo µt 1t0Utj miY1Clv11011 OTO Ouyyp11C6 xropt6 T(J)V Ka>..Amxvcl>v, Ay. Avoptac; a& tJC000111C&paµt1ICOJV tpyrov. E>oµaµa1 aK6µa tva µcytiA-0 ~Cllypacp11C6 ltfvaKa µt rov Oooootc mo vnet TTJ<; KlpKTJ<; CJtO Mouecto Too i\ouj}pou, voµl~ro. Aut6 &ixvc1 xoco TO a6avato t1t0<; rou Oµtjpou tµ1tVt&1 rooc Ka>..A1ttxvtc;. 7. P. Dccharme, EH11v. Mu0o>... a. 566. 8. On. n., CJ. 567 - 568. 9. Z. P1CJ1ttv. Mu0o>... rou. A· , CJ. 88. 10. P. Decharme, 011. n., a. 173. 11. N. Iloxtrou, Noe>..>... Mu6oA.oyla, ASTJva 1871, CJ. 62 - 63. 12. N. IloA!tou, napa06CJttc;, rou. A. , AOtjva 1965, c. 307 - 308. 13. uEpy6xc1po», TEU;(. 8.

r. tva KEVTT}µa OT11 Boup!louptci, OTO oni Tl TI')<; rictA.11c; N outlCOU, c1icov!~eTm o Ataoomoc; µuOoc; rou ic6paica Kat T11<; aA.enouc;. 0 ic6paicac; -µaupoc;, q>OOllCQ- napOUCJlQ~£Tal QV£~aoµtvoc; naV(I) OtO lCAaO{ £v6c; -npaowou- otvtpou. An6 Katw ~piCJIC£t(ll Tl novript) aA.tnou -Kaq>t- nvotvovrcq 01aA.oyo µa~( too. 0 µu0oc; etvor yvroot6c;: "'Evac; 1C6paicac; Ka06rav avt~oµtvoc; c · tva icA.api Stvrpou, KpaToovrac; OtTJ µuTTJ rou tva Koµµatt Kptac; (aHot Atvt Tupi). Mia aA.tnou ntpaoE TOV e(oe l(l apx10£ va rov icoA.aKtuet, y1a va rou napt1 to Kpfoc;. Ilcivsue Ta «KaA.A.ri .. TOU l(l UOT£pa tOU1t£. - Av £iXE<; l(Ql q>wvtj eaaouv 0 ~oV..uic; rcov ~oowv. T6tE 0 ic6paicac;, ICOAQIC£Uµtvoc;, yta va oEi~El 6tt txt1 Kat <pwvtj, q>oova~t xpu, a<pt)vovtac; to icptac; va rou nfoEt. H aA.tnou, apna~ovtac; to, xapouµeVT), tOU He1: .. (!)(l)vt) txt1c;, aA.M µuaA.6 0£V £xt1c;». 0 µuOoc; OT}AWVEl 6tl Ssv nptm;1 va Stvoue niOtT) orou; ic6A.aicec;. Oi Alo001tl0l µ6001 7t£p1A.aµ~VOVTQl CJ£ oxtota IC£Vtt)µatoc;. OtO nah6 raHtK6 n£plOOtK6 Les Filet brode», 1tOU XPTJotµo7tOlOUOav or µovaxtc; Oupooucive; OTT) rxoA.t) rou; CJtT) Na~o. mo µaOriµa t(llV oucoxupucov. 'Erei iccvtci>vrac; Tl µaOt)tpia to µuOo, ~i:A.ov1a, t}eA.ov1a Sev rov ~cxvouot nott icm xupio rcon, ~tlata, to µt)vuµa rou. l:o<p6 naioaywy1ic6 ouotT)µa nou µaCi µc triv ljfu)'.ayroy(a Kat TTJV avalttU~TJ tT)<; <llCJ0T)ttKt)<; CJtO lt<llOt ntpvoum:: µ& anA.6 tp6no icm t>\jfT)An ri01ica OLO<iyµata.

P. SAUGER H IIAPOYI:A KATAI:TAI:II: TQN NHI:QN TOY AirAIOY IIEAArOYI: LUVEXtta tllc; arr6 P. SAUGER tv Ettl 1698 <Juyypaq>tt<Jf1c; l<Jtopiac; trov apxairov bouKrov tv Epµourr6A.tt l:upou turrotc; «Ilatpiboc;». 1879

• •• K>.iµa

l:t 01a<p0pa oxto1a mu «Epy6xt1pou» µnope! icavdc; aic6µa va Otl: toV uAn6Hrova ICOl TI')V 'Apteµtv» (Notµpp. 1959, ttU)'.. 143) tT}V uKp!oT) TOU napT)», tT)V <•Apnay'1tT)c;0tn0oc; .. (Epy6)'.Elp0, t. 11) ICl an6 to raA.A.tlC6 1t£ploOllC6 uFilet» touc; 0eouc; Kp6vo, d(a, A<ppooltT), 'ApT), 1Ca0w<; Kat TOV A11Hta, ravuµtjOT), aic6µa rrpOOWltOJ\'OtT}µtv&<; tic; lOEEc; tT)<; duvaµT)c;, tT)c; dllC<llOOUVT)c;, tT)c; EA.n!ooc;, tric; Eyicpa't£1ac;, t11c; EA.t11µooUvTJc; ica1 t&Aoc; nc; tfooepcic; £1\'0)'.E<; tOU )'.p6vou IC.a. l:xtt11Ca µe ta µuOoA.oy11Ca 0tµata, pwt<i>vtac; touc; µaOrittc; µou, av OTOV t6no touc; txouv oel navTtc; µE tEtOla 0tµata Otanlotwoa nwc; icaOe t6noc; tx e1 wuc; 1:0n1icouc; µuOouc; tou nou 01 Kcvtt)atptc; t:Kd rnuc; µuaq>tpouv ota KEVtt)µata wuc;. Ila101<i an6 tTJV Kpt)tT) µou µ!A.rioav y1a ictvtriµa µe to µuOo TI')c; Apiaovnc; ica1 rnu 0riota, 1tal0lcl an6 tT)V ApicaO(Q yia lCEVtT}µQ µE 0tµa tT)V riyavtoµax{a (tWV 0&ci>v µ& tOU<; f!yavtec;), aHa an6 tT) 0eooal..(a y1a ictvtriµa µe napaotaori tWV Ktvtaupwv, Kl aHa nmfoa an6 aA.A.a µtpT) y1a avaA.oya Ktvtt)µata an6 TT) µuOoJ..oyia tO\J t61tOU tOU<;. · Etm oict<ptT)Ka 6t1 enE10t) to 0tµa Eiva1 £Kt6c; an6 1CaA.A.1texv11C6 ica1 t:Ov1ic6 icm noA.uot)µavto, icaH1ota µnopotiot o EOMEX va avaOtoc1 oe 1Cano1ov £l0LK6 tl CJE oµaSa oA.6KATJPl'l TTJV tpwva tOU a· oA.6icA.T)pTJ tT)V EHa5a. 0a µnopoooe va ylve1 1Ca1 Stoaictop1"tl 01atp1PT1. av to £~£taoet icavdc; an· 6A.Ec; nc; nA.tuptc;. (!)avtaotdt&, µ · tva <pwtoypa<p1ic6 ouvepydo µ00:1, tl ouA.A.oyt) µnopoUot va y(VEl, ti Oauµamo a.A.µnouµ Kat tl 6µop<pT) µEAETTJ. Tttoia Otµata, tEtOlOt 0T)oaupoi anotcA.ouv tT)V icaH1texv1ict) tTJV ci)v1ic'1. TI')V nvcuµattKT1 ICAT)povoµ1a µac; Kal 0£V nptnct va xavovtal. Av Stv aneuooµt va ta µaCtljloµ&, oe A.Iyo o&v Oa uruipxouv ma. Km µ00:1 touc; Oa nalj/OµE va unapxoµc l(l eµdc; ...

naoa1

Ql

VrJCJOl tou A1ya(ou CTt:Myouc;, 7t£ptA.aµ!lavovtat

Kt£1VoµtvT}v en( tEtaprnv AEUYTJ<;, anot£AOUCJlV wpaiov 0foµa. To toa<poc; t11c; Na~ou dvm TOOOUTO KaA6v Kat ta otvopa ava1ttUOOOOVt(l\ tOOOUto taxtwc;, OOOTE Ei8ov K61CKOU<; noptoyaA.A.1ICWV nop'toicaA.tcbv va yivwo1 Ev µlicpottp11l 01aott)µan &11CooineV'tUE'tiac; µEyaA.a Otvopa, wv 01 icapnoi t)oav riMtato1, Kat o1 Kopµol toooutov UljlT)AOi, WITTE /:ha va avtA.0ri t\C; en· autcilv tnpt:nc va µetaxe1p100t) µi:yaA.T)v KlVT)tt)v icA.(µaica. 01 o(vo1 autt)c; dva1 E~a{pcT01, 01 S' apxaio1 Oticaiwc; wv6µaoav autt)v vtjoov tou Baicxou. Ai ota<puA.al dvm µtytotm, icm ouµpa!vc1 noA.A.aKtc; roote µta ~6vri ltATJpouaa 0A61CA.T)pov µeyaA.T)v A.cicavT)v va apicrj Ola TO ywµa, t(l)V poycilv autt)c; ouoci>v xovopci>v roe; T(l µr.yaA.a Oa~laOICT)Va µac;. 0 tpuy11t6c; e~aicoA.ou0ei tni tpe1c; oA.oicA.tjpouc; ~it)vac;, Kata tac; 01aq>6pouc; trov aµnt:A.cilvwv 0fot1c;. 01 Nc:i~101 ocv icatao:icwa~oum tov o(vov w<; 11µdc;· avtl va tov ppaoroa1v eic; rnv ~a8ov, 0ttwo1 tac; P6Tpuc; e1c; eiooc; t1 Tetpaycilvou oica<pT)c; EK 1tEtprov KatECJK£UaoµtvT)c; Kat ICE)'.ptoµtvT}c; µe aoPtatOV Kal m1A6v, Kat t)tic; icaA.eitm natT}tt)p1 ica1 tono0enhat ev µ1a twv ywv1rov tT)c; aµntA.ou· Tl ota<puA. t) µtvt1 icm ljlt)vttm ev tw l'JAtW, eni tp£1c; riµtpac;, µeta tac; onoiac; ouvtj0coc; mt~CT<ll Sia TWV nooci>v. 0 o(voc; p££t tvt6c; µ1icpou 00)'.dou, EKtiOt:v o' E~aytt<ll Kat t(0£tat evt6c; PuK{wv {POl)t~(wv) rj nH:lwv icexp1oµtvrov µe nlooav, tvea 01atT)pEha1 avcu c:i.HT)c; CJK£uaola<;. µ£)'.pie; 6TOU voµiowo1 aut6v icataH11A.ov npo<; n601v. Eic tT}c; tv tw natT)tT)p(ro µevot>OT)<; uA.ric; trov ota<puA.rov, e~ayouotv £~ anootaA.a~twc; e~a(pttov 01v6rrvwµa, to orro(ov ev ran(a Oa C~£A.aµpavov we; YAUICUV oivov. Etc; tac; vtjaouc; tOl) Atyaiou unapxouo1 nA.Eiova TWV 40 ElOWV CJta<pUA(OV. Ta Mooxarn TT)<; t£ TevtSou Kat 111c; l:aµou um:ptepoom TWV aUwv, ta tT)c; Ttvtoou e1o(v 11AEKtp0£l0t), ta Oc TT)<; l:aµou tpuq>cp6ttpa. 01 l:avtop1vaio1, 6nw<; Kataottjowm tac; otaq>uA.<ic; TWV t~aipttouc; tT)v yeuo1v, otpt<pwo1 to otEA.txoc; autoov Kata tT}v aP)'.t)v tT)v ropiµavoewc; twv· µeta tivac; 0. nµtpa<; al CJtaqiuA.a( riµ1µapaivovta1, Kat outw napayouo1 olvov 60T1c; uneptepd touc; olvouc; tou Gieutat icm tou Aylou Aauptvtiou. Ta ciA.A.a tiori twv ota<puA.wv eioiv to AriMv1, µ1icpa ota<puA.t) Af:t>Ktj TJV tpci>youm ntp! ta µfoa tou IouA.iou, Tl l:aµ(a, xovoprrota<puA.t) AEUICt) T)V ~T)pa{vroo1, TO l:1p(-

µEta-

~u tT)c; 35TJc; icm tT)c; 38TJc; µoipac; poptiou nA.a'touc;. To KA.(µa twv

N.K. E1K. 19. II <.vlcnml Kt o KopaKac;. (K CVTtJ/W oro on irt n1c; O.:i:).v NoµtKou. on7 BovpPovptd) ~l)T, N. K.

t. AnoUoMipou B1p>..1o61'tKTJ, B1p>... t. 80 - 83. 2. MaVT~oupov11 - M1tapMVTJ. 3. A1t0Ho&iipou 81p>... I, 145 - 146.

20

'r~,O...' •fl.'rl ~ ~

Vt)orov dvat yA.uicutatov Kat o )'.Etµrov e(vat oxt:Mv ayvoootoc;, 0 oc nay&t6c; 0tropdta1 we; µ1icp6v Oauµa. 01 KauorovEc; tv toutotc; Oev £{va1 £Vtau0a 0)'.AT)po( we; tic; aHa µtpT). Kata to nA.dotOV µtpoc; TOI) xp6vou ltVEEl P6p&toc; avEµoc; A.(av tuap£otoc;, 6ottc; Opoo(~£t wv al:pa. H OciA.aooa ouvteA.Ei npoc; tot>tmc; ta µtyiota 6nwc; µ&tpl~Cl tT)V 0epµ6tT}ta tWV T)Al<lKillV alCtlVWV, a(ttvtc; aVEU tOutou ea t)tav (lVl)7t6<popm. H Oepµoicpao(a tOU icA.lµat0c; OtaTTJpd ta Stvopa navtote wOaA. tl l(Ql aveouvta, icaO. 6A.ov <JXE· Mv to twc;. O opyav10µ6c; 01at1wdtai uyit)c; ica1 euprootoc;, ica111 TC ap0p(t1c; ICQl T) VE<pp(ttc; £lO(V ayvrootOl nap• aut0{c;. 0 tT)V KwvataVt1vounoA.tv icm ta A.ol7ta µtpri tT)c; AvatoA.t)c; µaot{~wv AOtµ6c;, ouotnotE E7tlOICEnt£ta1 tac; vt)oouc; tautac;, £Kt6c; £av q>tPW01v aut6v aHax60EV A.o1µ6ttovttc; nvtc;. Ev Staott)µan 25 £t<.Ov, ana~ µ6vov npooi:pA.1Wl1 l'l Na~o<; un' autoo, µet<l0o0tvroc; Etc nA.o[ou npod06vtoc; EK Kwvotavt1vourroA.troc;. 'A~wv napaTl'Jpt)atroc; £ivm, 6t1 ouc5£ic; Aatlvoc; npooEPA.t19TJ, CK Se trov EAA.1'vrov 0A.iy1oto1 antOavov. 'Onw<; !Ori nc; tT)V aVOl~lV EV naori autt)<; tll A.aµnp6tT)tl, npt7t£1 Va EltlOKEcp0t) tO Atya(ov ntA.ayoc;.H ci>pa aUtT) tOU EtOuc;, Tl toooutov )'.ap(eooa Kat tOCJOUTOV tyicwµiaCoµtvT) £V ltaA!a, £lva1 noA.() Otacpopoc; EV tmc; v'1001c;, tOla 0. EV Na~w l((l\ 'A vopw, l:vOa unapxoua1 nA.t)Oo<; 1tT}ywv icataPpex6vtwv tTJV y11v. Ai noptoicaAta1 ica1 a1 A.tµovtat apwµatl~oum tov atpa, 01a tT)c; uneppoA.1tcTic; 1tA1')0foc; twv avOtwv twv, ativa avoiywo1v etc; rnuc; npfi>To~c; tcauawvac;. Ai E~oxal icai 01 A.6q>oi tiolv icata1C6icic1vo1 EK µriiccovwv. Ta 6p11 e1oiv ici:icaA.uµµtva tic Ooµou icm ljl£UOovapowv, a1 Se Kata vtq>TJ im<iµtvai µtA.iooai, napayouo1 µl:A.t 01aq>avl:otatov. A.. PoOoMq>vm, ac; µeta t6oric; i:mµeA.e{ac; OtaTT)pOUOlV EV raA.Ala, q>uovtai tUxa(wc; cv tmc; ico1A.ao1 icm ta1c; 6x0mc; too~ pua!oov. Ev Na~w ta wpaia tauta Stvopa 12 troc; 15 noorov liljlouc;. ne.... ~ • 7to111;\A.µtva un6 A.wicci>v icai epu0pci>v av0trov, uiaotaupouvta Tou_c; tcA.aoouc; trov avw0ev puaicoc; tj nT)yt)c; Km QXT)µatlCovta CJICtav i;-

{~l 1-0

21

·~

01i;are

~

\


«fl

napovaa «auiatoau; rwv vnacov rov Aryaioo (1698)»

Kt, 1d,r10tv oiitw t.vcica n1c; Kcpaowoo~ yi:uocwc; mu, to Acrovox1. we; txov to oxr1µo. mu 6vuxoc; mu actou icat to onolov civci 110l>tattov, ta Movcufkroruvd, ta ~avO<i Mooxcita, ta n1c; KopivBou, Kat nA.dotu ana ciS11 WV ta ov6µata A.11oµovw. To A1yaiov eivm o t6noc; reov c~mpttwv ouicwv novroc doouc;· noHci CK rev CV rania KQA).tcpyouµtvwv etSciiv, XP110lµ£UOUOlV cvrnuOa we; tpoqn\ rrov x.oipwv. H Na~oc; Kat 11 . Avdpoc q>11µlsovrm Starn 11tyc0oc; Kat rnv roporornru reov pouov rtov, ttov /...cµovf:wv rorv ica1 toiv ic1tp16iv nov: ta tcA.c1itaia tauta elvm ciSoc; µcyci/...wv icat y),uicEwv /...q1oviwv· o icaprr6c; currav txc1 ro µtycOoc; KEq>a).11c;· o Sc cp>..ot6<; curoo, oor«; oaqapotiµcvoc;, Ocwpcitat we; avtlSotov etc; rnuc; ncioxovtac; an6 tov ot6µaxov, civet av1ooc; icm rpaxuc;, ro o · cowrcp1ic6v txc1 wpaiav yEumv. H Mrj/...oc; txct wpmordrooq nbrovac;. oneipoom 81 · autouc; we; rov otrov etc; rouc aypooc;· uncipxoum c~aipCTOI l(Ql CV ravtop!v11. Ev topn Otpouc; ta icaUitcpa sivm ta Kapnotx;1a, ica/...ouµcva oono we; ncp1txovru Spoocpov Kat OOK;(Opwor.c; uowp. KaO • ocov S • aq>op6 tac; c>..aiac;. unci:pxoum Ev Nci~w Mori cic rouroiv: 11 oc ouyicoµ1orj rooov 61pOovoc; civet, ci>otc µ6vri ri v~ooc; OUTfl npoµT10EUEI tAatOV cu; 6/...ac; tu<; O,).,),ac;· lowc; Sc Scv unnp;(OllOl ica/...>..itr.pa rounov cv ancioll Tfl Avaro),rj· eivm /...cuical ica1 TOOUl l:i1aq>avdc; cilote &U;(Op1otcita1 nc; ~Mnwv mmic;· ocin10 tti<; TCOlOTT1TO<; reov elver, 6tt etc; mv EAOX,iOTflV op6oov punoouvtat. Ai e/...aim t.xouot 11tyc0oc; oaicxapwrnu, unapxouo1v Enioric; Kat rivec; txoum µtycOoc; >..errrnicapuou, aittvEc; KaOiotaVTa1 µaupat orcv mpurdouxn, pavtisOvtc<; O' auta<;, 01' a/...aroc;, ta<; 0ctWOlv evt6c; cuvio rpniv CK q>T'lyou, Kat tac; owrrip<i>otv ev cA.aiw· ll yciioic; rcov elvm Tloutcirri· 01 · EUT1vE<; KaA.0001 tw:; µr.ya>..ac; taurac; c).aiac;, EA.ala<; t(IJV Ka>..oyrjpwv, 016n µqaJ..11v nooornrc r.K routtov npoµ110cuovtm 01 Movaxoi. To KAiµa ttev vriotov r.ivm Oauµamov npoc; Orjpav, aouvatov va mcreuon r«; nooov uq>06v(l)c; no>..Aan/,,uotasovtm ta nrnvd. Ev Nci~w. riv yvwpi~w KciH1ov nov ci>..Awv vriotcv, ta Moll aq>Oovou01, A-aywwv, etc; ouc o tpnuHoc; Kato Oti~1oc; S!Soum wpa1otCttT1V yi:umv· ro Otpoc; Ot ouKaA.c!c; ncpii'ntavtat ntp1~ twv EuKwv Kat twv l:taq>u/...ciw 01 Sc ntpo11m; t6oov cuOuvai Km ico1vai civa1 <i>otr. SUvatai nc; va tac; ayopaori avti cv6c; oo/J)[ou· en! twv napaA.iwv aqiOovouo1 at ayp1oncp1ottpai, ac; 01 Aerni ohtvcc; dvm 1oxup6tato1 Suv<i~tcvot Kat µ1Kp6v µ6oxov va avapnaowot, 01 KupKOl, 01 Jtpaiccc; KQI ana oapico~6pa nt11va t(l(; K'ataOlWKOUOlV aKatanauow>c;, xwpi<; 6µwc; o ap10µ6<; autcilv va cA.anouta1. ruµflaivct f.7tlO'TJ<; CV ravtopivri a~t0m:pu:py6v ti, to ono[ov CATJoµ6vrioa VO ava<ptpw. Kata nvac; wpa.c; TOU trnuc;. rooautri nl..T'l06<; Optuywv epxr.mt cl; Aq>pticrjc;, cilotr. ouMA.wc; Aty(I) uncp~oA.rjv, 6t1 7tUOQl QI cl;oxui nA.ripouvtCll tOlOUt(l)V. 01 l(QtOIKOt r.101oµtl-ot 6vtcc;, rrpoµ110cuoVTa1 CK toutwv, ntµrrovtcc; ouvdµa Km w; rue; lrATJO{ov vnoouc;· 6nwc; 8c roe; 01ar11pwo1v rac; etrwmv £vt6i; 61;ouc;. . i\ no.00.1 axc06v 0,\ Vl'\00\ o.\rto.\ t:x.o\lO\ \016v 'tl. CICt6c; t(l)V 60(l)V cinov, Tl LUpO<; civUI ncpiq>l)µO<; 01(1 ta paµpaKt:pO navla tTl<;, 1) Kea ora T1)V fJciAav6v rryc;, ~nc; t~OOCUEtal ~1cya>..wc; rrapa t(l)v naq>twv t'l<; Evcriac;· '1 LIK'tvoc; OIQ tOV l:ft0v t'lc;. 6onc; dvar 0 wpa16tcpoc; 7tU01)(, tT'l(, xoopai;· "Avthmpoc; Ola touc; )dOouc; tll<;' CV Ml)A.w cupt0110Qv aKatl:p"(aOtO\ oµ6.pO."(OOl, ttK6.~tt<l\ ot, 6tl 1.)rrapxouot TOtOUTOt Elc; µtpoc; Tl TT'l<; viioou. Ev Liq>v(l) avtlCUAti<p011oov r.rrio11c; rrpo nvwv crci.lv apyvpopuxeia K"a1 xa>..Kopuxcla cittva T18t'.JVavto va n/...outlowm rncµ6va ttva OtA.ovta va ta ETCEl;cpyuo0rj· 01 KQtOIKOl Kp\mtOUOl tov 0rioaup6v TOUTOV Cq>. 6aov ouvuvta1, q>opouµr.vot µr\n(l)c; evvor\owot tOUtO 01 ToupKOt. Atatr.ivovtal, 6n etc; Ta µEyO.A.a tti<; Nd~ou 6pri npoc; M. unapxouotv xpuoopux.r.ia· cyw yvwpl~w. 6n uncipxct a~16/...oyoc; oµupu;, TlV anoottAA.ouatv etc; Evcrlav Km Maooa/..[uv. /\unllp6v, 6n tooou-

s.

22

rov wpaioc; t6noc;, cA.cix.1ota antxwv toooutwv 1axupciiv Xp1m1av1Kcov Bao1>..ciwv, S1atcl..ci outw tyK'ataA.cA-c1µ~1tvoc;.

navtcc; Ol ICQTOIKO\ TOU Atyalou ctoiv Xptonavoi, ouxi 6µwc; navttc; Ka00AlKOi. Ot Aativot St:v llnEpPaivOUO\ to Ev tpitov, Kat c1oiv StaoicopmoµtvO\ etc; 01aq>6pouc; vrjoo~. nvtc; twv onoiwv f:va µ6vov Clf>Tlµtpwv txouotv un6 t'l<; Ayiac; 'ESpac; ouvtllpouµcvov, a>..Aa1 Sc we; Tl Na~oc;, 11 Mr)A.oc;, ll • Avopoc;, Tl Eupoc;, Tl Trjvoc;. Tl Eiq>voc; i:xoum touc; J\atlvouc; lcpapxac; twv olnvec; touc; Swticouo1. 0 apxtcnioiconoc; tric; N<il;ou eivm o Mritpono/..it'11c;, Tl S · £KKAT1oia autri civa1 Tl µ6vri Tl 01at'lpiioaoa to apx.aiov autr\c; tKKAflOlaOTlKOV ouµpouA.t0v· npoc; tOUtOt<; unap;(OUO\V El<; tac; vrjoouc; rautac; IT100Ultal Kal KanouK(vot, anavtcc; 11:pan6ot0A.01 CK raniac; anootaAtvtcc;, WV 0 ~rjloc;, ll XPlOTlaVtK'rj ayanll IC.at o cuoeprjc; Pioc; ouvte).oum ta µty1ora etc; t'lv unootrjp1!;1v twv apxalwv KaOoA.tK'Wv icm TOv npooriJ..unoµ6v vtwv· aA./...' oux • r\trov unapxouo1 Kat 1ro/.../,ai v~oo1 cyicatc>..c/..c1µµtvm, ev a1c; o xp1ar1av10µ6c; SiatcA.&i El<; µcy<iAT'lv T10ticr\v icararrtwo1v· 01 lrioou1Tat oicorrouo1 rrpo no/...A-ou va 1opi'1owo1 E>pricricwnicac; Eta1plac;, iva nepu:pxovtat Sic; ri tptc; rou trnuc; tac; vrjoouc; tautac;, avcpxoµtvac; El(; 60 tOv ap10µ6v. Eav TO oxto1ov tOUtO £Ktc/..eo0r\, 6nEp cuKoA.,ov, Oi:Ac1 nµl)O'Et t11v Op1101Ceiov, Kat Oa yivri napah1ov tll<; owtripiac; noHcilv EA.>..l)vwv. Meta twv J\at!vwv, T)tm rwv aKo/,ouOouvTwv ta t01µa icu1 me; tc/...1:t<ic; tric; Pwµai'icrjc; EKKA.11olac;, unapxouoiv . EHrivcc; Op06~0l r11pouvrec; touc; apxaiouc; Tfl<; EKKAT10iuc; tWv 0eoµouc;, Kat avayvwpi~OVT£<; TOV nanav. 0 up10µ6c; twv tcAEUtalwv toutwv civa1 µtK'p6c;. o twv Ex.1oµarnccilv 6µwc; EUrjvwv civa1 aonyK"pitwc; o µeyal..1hepoc;. EK twv EHrjvwv tWv ica/..ouµtvwv tx1oµat1K'ci>v, 01 nA-cioto1 etoi Kata roxllv. xwpic; va yvwpi~wo1 n eotl oxioµa, outot Of. dva1 A.iav cuico/...01 npoc; npoori/...urtcrp6v· 01 /...01nol aptCouvtwc; aventunttvot 01ap1..tnouo1 ta<; ouoK"ol..lac; tac; xwpt~oooac; autouc; aq>' Tlµciiv, Kat civm /...iav erriµovo1 6nwc; aonao0cilm t'lv cicA.eKt!)v ~1cpioa, icat Eivat A.tav acpootwµtvo1 c1c; t'lv nl..avriv autc~v. Tpc1c; tci~w; avOpciinwv ouvtcA.0001 ta µty1ota 6nwc; S1atllpotimv autOU<; etc; TllV n/..avriv taOtflV. fl protfl civat Tl tWv µova)'.ciJV mu · Opouc; ·A Owvoe; ica/...ouµtvou ·A y1ov · Opoc;. Katci t'lv nEpiooo tou ttooapicov0Tlµtpou ica1 tric; µcya/..Tl<; uooapaicomrjc;, nepttpxovtat tac; v~oouc;. 6nwc; µetaScilcrwcrt Ta · Axpavta Muor~p1a c1c; rouc; t'lc; 0plloKdac; twv 'EHrrvac;, ot6n 011Epclc; ocv Kmaotxovta1 va A.6.~0001 i:ov ic6nov tooi:ov· aA.AO. ICU\ 0tA.ovtec; ocv Oa llOUvavto S16n 01 nA.cicrt01 autcilv µ6A.1c; yvoopi~wo1 va avaytv<i>0Kwo1 Kai va ypciipwoi. Mll voµ(ottE 6µwc;, 6n 1 Movaxol outot dvm Set v6tcpo1 Oco>..6yot aut<.i>v. Ef8ov no>..>..ouc; aurcbv oitwcc, µ6VOV tl)V CUXT\V tT\(, <llj)tOCW<; t(l)V aµo.ptt(i)V tylvWO>COV V' anayytA(l)O\ · an' enc101) ouvl\Owc; ttolv 0paoi>tcpot t(l)V anAci>v tcptwv, tv OC rote; ).6yorc; OVTWv cppovtf~WOl va KOT1)yOpWOl OtapprjOl']v TOv narrnav l(Ql t'lV PwµafK"rjv EKKAl')CY(av, '1 Sc OpaavrT}c; aut11 O&Wpclta1 we; npottp11µa Ka1 n<ivtcc; npootpxovtm npoc; autoiic;. M11 voµioetc 6µwc;, 6t1 tpxovta1 t6ow µaKp6.v, Kat, 6i:11Comciio1 K"tvouµEvo1 EK' ica0apou C!)wu npoc; unootr\pt~tv tTJ<; Op110Kr.iac; twv. 0 1cuptwrcpoc; >..6yoc; r11c; nEpw&lac; aurwv i:ivar 01 vntpoyico1 ouvetoq>opai, ac; anmtooot ota to µuotrjpwv t'lc; c~oµo/..oyrjocwc;. >eat tti<; Kat6. twv Aatlvwv pritopdac; aurciiv· txouo1v, autoi TE Kat m >..oinol 1cpelc; vtov eiooc; no1Vrjc; npoc; 1:!;1A.two1v tmv aµapt1cilv, TlV cmpanouo1v npoc; touc; ·µcyciA.ou("aµaptwA.ouc; touc; c~oµol..oyllµtvouc; c1c; autouc;. Ynoxpcouo1 ~Outt-

NaC,1aKd revxoc; 17 - 18, 0Ku.bf]p1oc; 1987 - </Jef]povdp1oc; 1988 Ottv aut0uc;, va >..aµpavwcr1 to µupov etc; ncpioSov ttva wp1oµtvrrv Kat. &nav6.AllljllV' EVOdtal oc, 6n Sioouot Ol. £KQOtflV XPii0\V tou µupou, 01 µcv cv tcil..avtov, 01 oE n/..dov T) tA.attov rootou ava/...oywc; twv aµapt'lµcirwv autcilv, tou0 • 6ncp tv ppaxci 01aotrjµan naptx.c1 aurolc; µtyiota noaa. H Scuttpa tO.~t<; twv unoOa/...n6vtoov TO ox!oµa £m>C\VOUVWS£otcpov trrc; npcilt'lc;. r.toiv ~6K'TOptc; nvtc; tTJ<; E>Eo/...oyiac; olnvcc; cnavtpxovtat c1c; EHcioa, a<poo conouoaoav cm ttva ttri cv PciiµT'l, cv too £KteA.rio1aonK<i> oxo>..ciw TOU Ayiou A0avaoiou, oancivll tOU nana. M' 6A.ac; tac; npoq>uA<il;c1c; ac; /...aµpavoum nEpi autcilv, ouµ~aive1, 6tav Emotptq>wo1v etc; t'lV natploa twv, va Ka0iotavtat 01 aonov06tepo1 CXOpoi t'lc; Pmµai"Ktjc; EKKAT1C1lac;, Kat va aonci~ovtm µav1woci>c; rr<ioac; tac; KataocotK"aoµtvac; un6 t'lc; Pwµai'Krjc; £KKAT'lolac; So~aoiac;. E>co/...6yo1 6vtcc;, ica1 yvwpi~ovtcc; va q>tM)vtKcilot ncpi nl0tcwc;. µcyal..a tvEKa twv ooq>1oµarwv rwv emq>tpouo1 SctvO.. Kara ta 20 tt11 Qttva otrj/...0ov CV EHaSt, eioov vtouc; TOlOUTOU<; cmOtptlj/avtac; e~ ltaA.iac;, tva Sc µ6vov cvOuµouµm S1aµcivavta n10t6v c1c; TTJv nlotriv tTJc; Pwµai"KT)c; E>eKATJOlac;, Ka/...cltat Sr. BiKtwp >em S1aµtvE1 tt1 Kat o!)µcpov cv E>t1pa, tvOa µeta Cri>..ou epyQ:~etat napa tote; ouµnatptciltmc; tou. A/.../...ci tpitri attia t'l<; !t£toµovt1c; npoc; TO oxioµa tWv £v tW AtYalro EAA.rjvwv, ~at µ<i>..Aov avuntp~A.ritov, civat to i:µnol..aiov twv Wq>c/..11µarwv Kat twv a~1roµatoov t'l<; EHrrv1ict)c; EicKA.Tlolac;, cit1v'a nw/...wvtat ica1 ayopci~oVTat rnic; µEtPT'ltoic;, we; Et iiaav OtOEtc; OTJµ60101. 01 apx1errloicono1 Kat ot En[oKonm 01 un6 tou Oatp1apxou t'l<; KwvotaVTtvoun6/...cwc; c1c; tac; vtioouc; crtcMµcvo1, an6 tou onoiou Kat aSpcilc; t'lv apx1cpcllouV11v twv ayopa~ou01. npootxouot va Stat'lpcilot tllv cµmoroouvriv mu avwttpw trov, S16n yvwpl~oucn, 6n t11v cl..axlotllv np6ipaotv cntCT'ltr\ 6nwc; touc; naoorr KOi nw>..rjori roe; topac; autcilv etc; a>..J..ouc;. EiOov noA.AQl(t<; SUo emoK6nouc; cv t'l autrj EntoKonrj. aicatanaootwc; cpi~Ovtac; npoc; a>..Arjl..ouc;. we; o µtv untOt'lPi~cto un6 rnu A.aou, o Sc \Jn6 tOU natpt<ipxou, c1c; ov c!xc ScilC1£\ ncp1006tcpa xprjµata. At a~100prjvTjto1 autat 01µwv1a1Cal icataxp~oc1c;, dvat icat' Eµ1)~ yvciiµriv ouvtnEta t'l<; apcic; tou E>cou, rric; ycv1ic<i>tcpov 01axcoµtY11c; en( t'lc; EHT'lvtK~c; EKKA.T'lolac;. Kata t11v cv tat<; vrjoo1c; Siaµov!)v µoo, n>..Eiovec; twv 20 Oatp1apxciiv ev Krovcrtavt1vouno/...c1 Cnau0rioav, 016n Ol vEWOti cpx6µ1:vo1 W<; aA.A,,01 uncp0cµattOta( npootq>cpov nEp1006tepa et<; tov Mtyav Bc~upllv. 01 Eic"A1')01aot1Koi Km ot Movaxol, 01 ta oH0pta tal>ta napaocly~1ata txovtEc; n<ivtotc npo oq>Oal..µcilv, q>povtl~ouo1 µ6vov nw<; va ouA.A.t~(l)Ot 1t1:p1006tcpov apyuptov, 6nwc; 1oxuowo1 KOL auto! T)µtPav nva etc; t'lv EKKAT10lav. 'Otav Sc otcpouVTa1 twv O.Hwv µtowv OtttO\JO'\ El(, npci~tv. nciv dOoc; OOA\OTT1t0<; Kat anatric;. 6nwc; 7lOp1CJ0tvtcc; ta XPllµattlCQ µcoa ip0UOOlO\V etc; tOV OKOn6v TWV. 0 OUotux!)c; de Brosses ypaµµatcU<; tl')c; OUavS1101c; Opcopeiac; to 1675, ot.ivatm va OciloTJ µaptup(av ncpi TQ)V OOAIOfrjtwv TOOtltlV, £av \11 t1otn. 'E)...)..11v ttpcuc; yvwat6<; autcil eoavcloOri nap. auto\) 2000 "tUAAT'lPa. 6n(l)c; ayopao11 i:11v npx1r.mo1ConT\v tT'l<; Xiou, '1~tc; tnoo>..cito, unoxpcroBcic; Sta auµf3ol..alou, 6nwc; anooworr 0.urco £t~ TO rt>..oc; TOU trou~ 3000 ra.U11pa. 0 . E>..A11v t£pt:Vc; >..af3wv taura, enopcuOri npoc; la1<:waov tov CTatpuipxriv rou, Kat n/...Tlpcl>oo.c; 'TO noo6v 1oui:o npoc; aut6v, cotUAT\, <ivcu a'AAT\<; O\atumooc<uc; Etc; Xlov, roe; apxicn{oiconoc;. Mt:tci 15 ~1rjvac; o Brosse P>..tn(l)v, 6n Scv £A6.µ(Javc ta xpf1µatci rou, trrcµlJlcv cnir110£c; arrcotaA.µtvov etc; Xlov, ~u; to ypaµµcittov rou Apx1cntaic6nou, 6rrcp tµEHt va t<u EY)'.ctpioll µera t'lV napa.A.aPriv twv 3000 taHrjpwv. 0 vtoc; lcpcipx11c; tov cStx011 cuµi:vtotata, c1ncilv autoo, 6n qvcilpl~c tov Ol('onov TT1<; aq>l~ccl>c; tOU, 6t1 ta xpJiµata t1oav CTOtµa, Kat, 6t~ TlJv Enaupiov rj0el..c ta nA..TlPcilall dvcu avaf3ol..t1c;· napcicaA.i:oc S

aut6v va tuapcot110r\ va A.<iP11 µtpoc; £1<; yctiµa 0106µcvov nap· autou TTJv 1oiav contpav etc; t0uc; qi!>..ouc; tou. O ancota>..µtvoc; cStx0ri. Kat S1ap>eouVToc; tou Seirrvou <iv0pwno1 npoc; t0uto S1atctayµtvo1, naptK'ivlloav aut6v va nlri tooournv olvov, cuotc cµr.Ooo0Tl unEp~ciHov<wc;. Ev ro1autll Kataot6.0E1 rov µcttq>cpov cni Kl..lvric; ttvoc;, tv0a aut6c; o Apx1cnl0Konoc; cpcuvrjoac; ta 9uA.<iictci tou, tw aqirjpeof. TO ypaµµat1ov. 0 0Uav06c; Kata Tllv tycpalv tou µTl cupcilv to ypaµµanov, rjp~ato Kpauyci~wv Kat opy1~6µcvoc;, 0 s. Apx1cni0Konoc;. Stttal;c va tOv anootcil~(tlOl TT1<; Ol>C{ac; tou, we; av0pwnov S1arc/...ouvrn ht urr6 to icpcitoc; t'lc; µt0Tlc;. Kat txovta to nv£U~ta tEtapayµtvov. Enavc/..Ocilv rnxtwc; Cl<; KwvotavnvounoA.tv, StT1Yt10ri tw KUplw tou mu tov 061..ov tou lcpcipxou rric; Xlou. 0 Brosse napanovcOEic; c1c; tov Mtyav BesliPT'lV, npoocKA.r\Ori nap· aurou etc; KwvoravnvounoA.tv. O · E/...A.11v EnioKonoc;, nopcuctat Kata npcil<ov etc; tov Oatpt<iPXT'lv tou, etc; ov St'lyclta1 TllV etmv TOU, OUtoc; oc navoupy6t£poc; ttt TOI) So)dou auTOU lcpapxou, ouHaµpave1 aµtawc; oxe06v S1aaoA.1ic6tatov. Ev0uµT10dc; 6n o Brosse r\to µuw'V. icpun1c1 nap· autcu tov oq>c1Attl)v, nopcuetat Sc etc; to A1Pav1ov, ouvoScu6µcvoc; un6 n~oc; EKKATlOlaOnKOU, to avaotriµa Kat to rj0oc; CKeivou txovroc;. Aµa e1orjA.0cv, o Brosse, ov Tl avunoµovrioia e~Tlpi:01oc, c>e/...aPcilv aut6v avti toU Ap;(tETCIOKOnou t'lc; Xiou, Apvr.lua1 oooruxrj, apvcf<m1, 6ri G01 tt5<JJKa 2000 r<iJ.)J]pa oia va yfvw; Apx1orfuKonoc; Xfou; T6te o navoupyoc; natptliPXTl<;, 6ot1c; to 1..0.0oc; touro avtµcvc 6nwc; apxioll r11v K"wµwoiav. YljlllAOtatc, cine, St· uq>ouc; rc0/...1µµi:v?u, anot£1v6µevoc; rrpoc; tOv Mi:yav Be~UPTJv, pA.tntLc;, n6oov m anioto1 Aativo1 µac; µ10000\V' o tKicA.rio1a0ttK6c; olitoc; 0 K'Ut'l!opotiµcvoc; (l)c; ApxtenloKonoc;, X[ou, Scv clva1 outc 1epr.1~c;. we; Suvavrat va µaptuprjowo1v navrcc; 01 napcuptoK6µcvo1. Km npayµan 01 t:Kcl napcup1oic6~1cvo1 ToupK01 Kat 'E>..A.11vcc;, dnov on 0 natptapxrrc; c{xc OlKUIOV, Kat,· 6n cyvcilpt~Ov TOV KOTT1YOpou~EVOv. 0 Mtyac; Bc~up'lc;. Kapci Mouornipcic;, ayavaK"ttioac; Kata mu Brosse ica1 vo~lioac;, 6n rjOc/...c va tov anatrjoTJ, oittcU;c va tov µaonywowoi cvcilm6v rou, Sta 80 pajIB1oµwv cnl twv rro&i>v. 0 ouotUxr\c; rrap · o/...iyov va anoO<ivll tvr.ica t'l<; notv~c; tat'>t'lc;. Ta ov6µata t11c; EHT1vtict1c; lcpapxiuc; txouo1 oµot6n1tci nva npoc; ta t'lc; 11µcttpac;. Opciitoc; ti vat o Oatpiapxric; tric; Kwvotavttvoun6/...ewc;, ov m Ex1oµat1Koi Ocwpouo1 we; rov avwtcpov cicK'AT10taonK6v, tnovta1 Se Ot Apx11:nloK"onot,01Enl0Kono1,01 OtlCOv6µot ri Dpwtonannaocc;, Kat µua tourouc; 01 tcpeic;. Yncipxct ~1cyaA.11 nc10apxla twv µcv npoc; rouc; Se, ou µ6vov un6 nvcuµan>erjv EltOljltv, aHci )CQI KUtQ touc; µ10000<;. 0 narp1apx11c;. 0 aopwc; nl..Tlpciivwv to a~lwµci i:ou, ano~Tlµtmhm napci twv unooccortpwv lepapx<ilv, µcy6A.a nap' au1cilv anattwv nooci. Outot Sc nciA.tv A.aµpavouo\V t>C tltlv 01icov6µwv Kat twv lcptwv, ot Sc tcl..curnlo1 OUTOl napci TOI) AQOU, 00rwc; wo~c. 0 'EU.riv ttpeu<; OUOCltOTC e~tpxetat t'l<; otKiac; tou. 6nwc; µctao<i>ori ta cixpavra ~motiipta etc, o.o0cvT\, ICC1l µty6.'AT\ o.v umiP'X.T\ av<i'YKT\, to.v ocv n>-.11pll)(h\ np6tepov. EKT6c; tOutou, ene101) em<ptnera1 c1c; touc; lepdc; va vuitcpcuovrar ana~ etc; rov /3iov rwv, 01 rr>..tioror o' aur<i>v noiouvrat wno1v TOU OtK'atlilµat6c; TWV, nptnct va cuplote(l)Ol )Afoa Ol. (l)v va OUVTT\flOO\ tac; OtKoytvclac; t(l)V, ait1vcc; tviotf. Eloiv no'J..uµ1:A.clc;. n<ivtcc; Ol . EJ..)..T\vec; ot~vtQl ~IC'ftlAW<; tflV nuvaytav· to µ6vov oxcMv Ka>..6v 6ncp ot Ix1oµat1icoi StctriPTlOav cic tT]c; apxaiac; aurwv niorr.wc;" Kat Eivar m0av6v, 6n tciv note npoOT1AUTl00Wo1v, ll xap1c; aun1 Oa tAOTl Sta TT'l<; toxup<ic; tautric; µeooA.aPtioewc; nap· autoic;. 6.ev uncipxc\ ou:ia µl) txouoa tl)v CtK6va ti)<; Oavay{ac; torr00ctri~tCV11V Ct<; t'lV Kataq>aveortpav 0£otv, npo autr\<; oc A.uxvlav, K"arci EaPParnv, taKtticci>c; avanroµtvriv. AH·

23


«H nopoooa «axoataau; rcov vnacov too Aryaioo (1698)» CVW TOcrau-rac; 01 Ka[ac; Kat WA6youc; U1t00l0oll(H HJ D avay(a rtµcic;, an' cvuvricc µcyciA. riv npoc; tT)v 0£iav Euxaptcrtiav 01r.cvooooi v avwA.apc1av. To K1Pwnov tvea Otroucrtv curriv 01 lep£ic;, eivoi an),ouv K1Pwnov ~u).ivov, m:p11CA.i;wµtvov svroc ouxKou cK rtnviou, ov Kpcµ11im 6mcr6cv t11c; 9upac; tT)c; E KICA. ricriac;. · Ornv npoxsrrm vu cpf.pc1lcr1 TTJV Ayiav METciOomv napci rtvi acr6Evtj, 0 lepcuc; A.aµpcivr.1 tOV (JQKKOV, Kat tOV 9ttCI e«; tOV 6uA.cixrov tOU, Cit£ U7t0 TO tvouµci 10U, dvsu ciU11c; OlUtU1tW(J£(0c;. Ihorcuoixnv O~llOc; ooc; 11µ£ic; TT)V npayµcmKotT)tll, Kat XIAl(lKl<; TT)c; 11µtpac; avaOcµati1;oucr1 LOV Ka),p( vov, l((ll rove aHouc; A ipc01cipxac;. 01 Incootrc; lEpanocrrnA.01 Kat6p9rocrav oA.iyov Ive 01 Op660o~Ol . EH T)Vt:c; arcooiOOl)<Jl i:ac; npocrpcouccs; e«; rnv Ay(av El)xaptcrtiav n~1<ic;. 016tt Kata µiµ11mv autwv 01 cvdrrcpot EKKAT)<JtaanKoi KarcaKEt)aoav nocrov EK KtSpou KEXpuawµtvov, f.v6a 11 Ayi.a Meraoomc; tiOETat µct<i rccp1aoo-rtpac; sunpsnciac;.

CTveuµa

Nacuuoi rcvxoc; 17 - 18, 0Krwpproc; 1987 - <l>eppov<iproc; 1988

11 µoumKtj tpax1ir11ra. 0 · Ounpoq, o E>e6Kpnoc; Kai 01 A.omoi ·EnT)vcc; rtOLT)tai clvor r.1c; oA.l'yiorouc; KaraJ..rinro(, cvappuvoµtvouc; 01a rouro. Flcpi OE n1c; l;wypU<puctjc;, A.urccitm nc; PAtrcrov rnv a<p1J..0KaA.iav rtov 11 EAf.elVOtEpa purcapoypa<pia Ocwp£ita1 nap. curoic Buuuooto, TOUTO Oe 01611 ouocic; ouvat(ll va /;CJ.lypa<pitJT) KciAALOV. 01 Kptjrcc; 1;CJ.lyp<icpo1 cpT)µil;ovtat, m ElK6vcc; rtov 6µwc; siotv cA.Ect-

vni. H y/,1mt1Ktj Kat TJ apx1tcKrov1Ktj erotv t£xva1 anwA.eo6daat touq 'EHT)vac;, ouOt i:ac; apxcic; cuttov yvwp(l;waw Ei&ov va orxobourocnv oixiuv oA.6KAT)pov, tntna Se va tpumoo: roix; roixouc; 6nroc; avoi~wa1 napciOupa. Oi A1ymon1;:/..ayitat cmSi0oua1 noA.u e«; to cµrc6ptov. H 6ciA.aaon, 11 OUXVrl 01apamc; nov nA.o(wv, T) acpOovia rtov oivov Kat ciHa, roix; npooeA.Ktioua1v F.1c; 1:0 EnciyycA.µa rouro, onsp stvct Ko1v6rarov nap' aowic;. Or cuyeveic; n1c; Nci~oo, 01 nap· aurwv rnJ..ouµi:voi cipxovu:c; CK µcv rtov Aurlvrov 01 Eouµµapounat, 01KopovtJ..A.01, 01 looonv1civat, 01 fp1µciA.oat, 01 Bap6rl;a1, 01 l:q><Sp1;a1, 01 f1p<ipSat, 01 Povcpor Kat 01 fKii;at· CK oe TWV EUtjvrov, oi rou xepl(pavouc; oixou rtov K61eKwv, roiv fpiP1a, ttov MaA.atf.ow, rtov ii~Hap61ea, XCJ.lp(c; va ava<ptpro rouc toiv ciUwv vriooiv, ncivrec; ouroi txoua1v avOpciJnouc;, ot nvcq, i:µrropi;uovtat ta xpryµata Kat ta r.1aooryµcna rtov ymcilv TWv, noA.J..ciK1c; µc µr.yciJ..a 1el:pOTJ.

ow

t(l)V KatOlK(l)V.

fcv11eci>c; cmciv, rrcivrcc; 01 'EU11vt::c; e1aiv nveuµatciJoc1c;, anivocc;. l;wripoi, KOL i:l'>yA.CJ.lno1. 'Otav OtA.wa1v yivovtat YEACJ.ltorro1oi ICUI ~dµot EJti 1:0C10UtoV <i>atE 0 ~Atrrwv (llJtoi>c; OEV oiJ\laVtal va µT)v cKpaytj e1c; unEpµttpouc; ytArota<;· ciA/..wc; TC civat Kat ncpicp11µm Kll1µ0>0oi · um:pry1pavo1 orav Eivm 1axupoi, tanEtvoi Kat i:prrovtr.c;, OtllV a100civovta1 wuwuc; aouvmouc;· clCJtatol, W~lCtcifiAT)tOI, MA.101 1j1Eua1m Kai <piA.01 aptpa101· evTEuflEv rrpotpxr.rn1 <ilatc cv AvaroA.tj, 0µ1!..ouvnc; ncpi r1voc; npciyµat0c;, Ai:yCJ.lat, ~ta tT)v nim1v tou · EA.A.T)voc;, 1outtot1 EVVOT)tfov to Evavtiov· o Kav<i>v oµwc; ouroc; ocv C(j)apµol;Etat c1c; 6A.ouc; i:ouc; . EA.AT]vac;· f.yvciJp1aa rco/,A.ouc; Et<; to A1yaiov, 11µtotcirnuc;, KaA.tjc; nlatcwc;. Km orraviac; (j)pOvl'jacwc;, Kf:KtT)µf.vouc; cbtavta tCt c6v~KO rrpotCpt\µata, ouotv oc tCJ.lV f.A(ltt(l)µarrov aut<i>v. Touto OE Hyw rrpo ncivtrov 01a touc; · EU11vac;· trov vtjoCJ.lv, oinv1:c; yr.v11eci>c; caiv nµlliHr.po1 Kat c1A.1Kptvforcpo1 tWv tll<; l::tEpEcic;. EvtruOcv npotjA.Oev Kat T) EYXwp1oc; napo1µiu, 6tav 0µ1A.<i>o1 rrepl tp1<i>v tci~Erov avOp<i>nwv a1cpouµtvwv navn:A.ouc; euOu1ritoc;: «To\ipK01 TT)<; EoPoiac;, 'EH11vEc; trnv AOrivwv, KOi EPpaio1 tT)c; 0cooaA.ovl1e11c;." E<lv 01 VT]01ciJTa1 tjaav 1eaA.wc; yuµvaaµl:vo1, Oa rycrav csaipCtol CJ'tj)UTIWT(ll" Cl<JlV 7t0Vt£t; avopf.iot Kal yr.vvaiot, c1c; oc rouc; tEA.wraiooc; rroAtµouc; r11c; Kprjr11c;. toF.1~av n Otivavra1 va rrpci~CJ.latv 6tav Sto11ecilvtat 1eaA.ciJc;. Mi:i:a~u rraacilv rwv vryCJCJ.lV, TJ Nci~oc;, 11 A~1opy6c; 1ea1 TJ MT\A.os cpT)µil;ovrm we; l:xouaa1 atpoµrytooc; Kat0i1eouc;. DcivtE<; yvCJ.lp!l;oum, 6n TJ vtjaoc; l:teupoc;, tjto T) 7tUtf)t<; Tl1lV llVOf)ziWv EKtlVCJ.lV atpUtl(l)tWV TOU UlOU toU AXIAAtWc; nupou, 01'.mvoc; 01 apxaiot tOCJOV c~uµv11aav tl')V avSpdav. A1 wpa[at rtxvat tjK~taaav f.t<; tac; vryaouc; tllc; EUci.Soc;. l:tjµf.pov 6~1wc; a1eµcil;e1 TJ Papf3ap6n1c; Kat to arrr.1p61eaA.ov. H no(rimc; CV 11 tOOOV µt::yaA.01 civopec; OLEICplOT)CJOV, civm oxeMv ciyvwarnc; CV t(I) A 1yai.w· ouot I') apxaia EH· VtKtj yA.1i>oaa 0µ1A.citU1 nap. aoroic; aryµcrov avr · mntjc; avt1K..ttfot11oav c106c; tt Kopa1e1ar1K<i>v, Kpciµa rroA.A.1i1v ciJ../..u>v yA.woawv, c~a1pfoc1 tT)<; vtjaou lteapiac;. cv T) 0µ1A.<001 yA.roooav 1eaOupwtcitT)v, tT)v onoiav 01 ciA/..01 01JaK6A.wc; evvooumv. H 01aqiopa aut11 rrpotpxcta1 c1e mu, on 11 l1eapla l'jto ciHotE 0 ronoc; etc; 0\1 C~<tlp{l;ovro 01 £7tlO'T)µOt Tll<; AuTOKpatopiac;. l:ryµcpov oc av KUI TO 1tAdCJtOV t(l)V K(ltOLIC(l)V autryc; civat uvOpatee!c; ICQl ~UAOIC07ttat, cptpoum µr.yciJ..a ovoµata, we; '··X· naA.ato),6yo1, Ko~IVTJVOi, Kav-ra1COul;11voi K.A7t. navrr.c; 01 , EAAT)Vf.<; Olt:TtiPTJOUV tT)V npocpopciv Kat tOV apxaiov tp6nov rou ypci1pr.1v. H noi T)mc; auy1er.1ta1 nap· auroic; EK TIV(l)V (3aKX,lKWV aoµcitCJ.lV etc; XUOUlQV YAWCJCJUV, CJ.lV 0 j)li0µ6c; Kat

oe

'H9ri napci tote; , EHT)CJI TOU Atyaiou neAciyouc;, Ol yaµo1 Of.V txouCJl µr.yciA.11v oriµaoiav. l:L'.>l;uyoc; µT) OtJ..rov 1:TJV yuvai1ea 10u, Mva-ra1 va tl')V acpt1ari 1ea1 va vuµcpw6ti aA.J..riv, ap1ed va 1eciµ11 tyKA.T]ow TCEp( /ha/;uylou Etc; TOV naTj)lOj)XTJV m)VOOEUOµEVllV U1t6 10 taA.A.1jpwv, OrrCJ.lc; EltltUXTJ, civcu aµcp1PoA.iac; t11v aKupCJ.lotv tou yciµou, aµcp6ti:pa oE ta µtpl] ouvavmt va vuµcpeuewmv, civeu ouocµicic; avnotciacCJ.lc;. To l:91µov to1)rn, Kat ro ~riA.6tunov rwv EA.J..ryvwv, 1ea01atci Tac; yuvai1eac; noA.u npocpuA.a1et11eac;· etc; tac; EKKAT)oiac; ELoiv Cl1tOX,CJ.lp1.oµtva1 TWV avopcilv Olci KtyKA.iowv. At wyr.vei<; /\ativat tE Kat EU11vio£c;, e~tpxovrai anaviwc;· orav oE c~l:pxovtat, OUVOoEUOVtal ll1tO 1t0AAWV a1eoA.ou6oov· T) EVOUµaaia t(l)V EV auv6A.oi dva1 1016tponoc; Kat ydoia, oxtnKwc; rrpoc; tl')V 1011crjv µac;. <I>tpoum µa1ep6v 1eoA6p10v, µET<i 18 rj 12 tepaontoCJ.lv i;1e AEntotcitou U<pcioµatoc; µl:xp1 TWV yovciTCJ.lv· K<itw0Ev oc KatEPXET(ll µatepci Ea01)c; EiC AC:UKOll uo:pciaµatoc;. KUµatiCouoa rni TCJ.lV nooci>v· at clKpal tT)<; t::a6tjroc; Kat t(l)V )'.ttpiOCJ.lV, CllflVE<; €LC1lV nJ..atUTatm, 7tf.j)lj)j)07TT0Vtat ll7t0 'tl)LX01tTOU EiC Xf)UCJOU tl EiC µt::tcl~T]<;, avaA.6yroc; TT)<; rrEpLOuaiac; trov 1eup1ciJv· civw€1ev OE <pl:pouat ar1106Swµov nva c1e al')p11eou i1 f3cA.ouSou nep1ppaµtvov aµ<pottpw6Ev. O Sc aroA.10µ6c; tT)c; 1eccpaA. rye; rwv auy1ecttat f.K 1eoµric; avcatpaµµtv11c; Kat m;ptPaHoµtvric; un6 apyupou nEptpJ..tjµatoc;. At J..iav cuyEvcic; Kup(a1, avti tT)c; avcatpaµµl:v11c; taUTT)c; 1e6µT]c;, <pcpouo1 Errl rou µcr<Onou mJ..{oiov un · aSaµcivtci>v Kat pouPLVlrov KEKooµriµtvov. Tac; t::Optcic; Kptµatal arro tOU Aatµou aU'tWV ciluaaoc; EiC XPU<JOU, a<p' llc; avtjptT]Lal XPUCJOOV f.lKOVIOV, ta atjµata tT)<; OIKOyCvciac; r11c; <ptpov. 6Ev ap1Couvra1 OE va <pl:pwm t::v oa1etuA.1ov we; at T)µttcpat 1C1Jpia1, aAA.ci 1eaA.umooo1 i:ooc; oatetul..ouc; µEX.Pl TCJ.lv ovux.rov. <1)£poua1 El<; touc; rr6Sac; µ1Kpa 7tCOIA(l xproµatoc; epuOpou, KaAU1ttovta µ6vov tO cllCj)OV T(l)V noS<iJv. TT]v al..MKotov 6µwc; rautl')v evSuµao{av rjp~avto ey1eataA.c!rcouaat, acp · 6rou ei0ov touc; Ev faH!a aupµouc;. l:ryµepov n<iaa1 at Nci~tat CVOUovtat ran11e(b t(I) tp6noo Katci µ(µT)OIV tT]c; 0£C11t0v{ooc; AtKOTEpivl')c; KopovtUou, aul;uyou mu K6~1T)toc; de Remond, EUyevouc; CIC µcy<i/...T]c; TT)<; npopT)yteiac; OlKoyr.vEiac;, vu~ cpwOtvtoc; cv Nci~w. acpou eni noUci tt11 cxpTJµcinac nA.oiapx c;. Ocivrcc; 01 twv vrjawv 'EJ..A.rivcc;, ioia o · at yuval1eec;, ay'7r6lm •

24

tov xop6v. An6 1ric; napaµovtjc; trov copt<i>v, 1oia SE rou npoarcitT]c;. To tc'ia<poc; tT)c; 61\J..ou eivat apKuci oµaA6v, Kat t6aCJ.l nEtp<iJ.. tou EK1eA.11aiac; ttvoc;, cp6civoua1v avci ociJµata EK twv µaJ..A.ov anooEc;, ci>ate ouOtv napay1:1. Etc; rn µfoov TTJ<; vryaou llljlOU<at µ11cp6c; µEµa1epuaµtvwv µEpcilv, Kat xopt::UoUCJI teaO. OAT)V TT)V VUICTU Etc; nc; A.6cpoc;, Kuv6ia un6 twv EA.At;vwv 1eaA.ouµEvoc;, t::<p • ou ryaav rotov nEpif3oA.ov r11c; EKKATJcriac;. A1EuyEvEic;1eupiat tpxovrat t<p11tKoooµriµtva wpaia nva 1etip1a. 0 Kupwc; Galand nt::pt<pavtjc; aprro1 t>7t6 aaKciprov (yaioa) Kai Wµ7tOVCJ.lV m)VOOEU6µEVCll, cittva ayxmoMyoc;, ov dxoµev µe0' T)µ<i>v, r.int::v T)µiv on T\to µ11cp6c; vaYCAOUCJI tllV cicp1~iv rwv. 01 IEpan6010A.01 npoona9oua1 na6c;. rrapci tov onoiov tito T) 1eato1Kia tou MeyciA.ou It::pl:roc; Kat twv vtoiaic; Suvciµem va Eµn0Sioroo1 me; navfJYupw; taurac;· aHci t6It::po0urrov. Kata µT)1eoc; rric; napaA.iac; rrpoc; B. PAtne1 nc; nA.riWv aw YEVllCOV civat to KaK6v;<i>otE JtOAU µ11Cpci 7tpciyµata Kat<i>p0CJ.lICIOV(l)V ICCll µapµapwv OUCJOCJ.lpeuµtVCJ.lV T(l)V µEv E1ti t(l)V OE, K<ll aoav. ttva EICJI PEPalwc; Ta AEl\jlava TOI) µEyaA.onpenouc; vaou TOU 6T)Ev A1ya(w auµPaive1 citorrov ti to orroiov 01 lEp<ipxa1 Kat 01 aA.{ou An6Hwvoc;. TOU TOCJOUTOV 1tEj)t<pryµou aA.A.otf., nap. 6A.w TCJ.l VErrtuyµtvo1 rrpoanaOoua1 va 1eatapytjawa1, dvat OE touto to K6aµoo. An6 t(J)V Ej)El1t((l)V TOll vaou tOUtOll, OXPL TCJ.lV €j)Eut{wv KA.aic1v touc; ve1epou<;. OuStv xp1anav11e6v t6voc; Eivm t6aCJ.l u1tOAAWV OAACJ.lV OllCOooµ<i>v, anva cpaiVOVtCll Otl tjoav A.{av KEICOncpf30A..1 K6v. E>Ewpo0a1 toUtO we; AElljlOVOV tT)<; apxaiac; €10(1)aµT)µtva, napa1ripouvrm ta epdrrta ouo µa1ep<i>v CJTorov, ex.ovrwv AOA.atpeiac;, rcov yuvatKciJv 1oiwc; te1v6vtwv e1c; touto. 'Aµa tic; ICIOV61Cpava Kat ICOpwviSac; ciptOTQ E1tE~e1pyaoµtvac; ICCll EVTEA.dc;, trov auyyr.vcilv tj <piACJ.lv twv ano9civT), auvaOpoi1;ovta1 auTCll TaxtCJ.le; Kat teµcix1a 1e16vCJ.lv rt::epauoµtvCJ.lv, Km nva tt::µax1a EJ..A.riv1CJ.l<; EV TT) OLKia tOU 6nwc; toV KAUUO(l)(Jl. n poa1eaA.oua1 OE yuva(1CciJv ayaA.µcitoov. En{ nvoc; µeyaA.ou Ota~(i>µaroc; EK tpiciJv µapµatcac; ttvac; MupoA.oyioi:pac; KaA.ouµtvac;, wv tpyov eiva1 va auy1e1pwv (l1tOtEAOUµtvou, (l)V EICQO'tOV 8 noo<i>v' avay1 VWOICOV'tal Cl! €v<i>a1 i:ouc; rrapeup10Koµtvouc; S1ci twv nev9iµrov aoµcitrov tCJ.lv 1ea1 ~ T\c; tpt::1c; H~etc;, El<; xapaKtt1pac; txovrac; I /2 rroMc; µr)1eoc;: trov oa1epurov, ta orroia txouo1 avci rouc; oq>OaJ..µouc;, 6rav etA.wBAl:I/\E!lE <I>I/\IITDOY MAKEiiONOl:. atv. 'Aµa at yuvalKEc; autat <p0ciOCJ.l<Jl, T) npEoPutl:pa eyt;:(pt;:tCll, Kat npoc; to µl:po<; tOu VEICpOU atpt::q>OµEVT], oanc; CJti KAiVT)c; E1tlEn( 0€ ETEpou nvoc; µapµcipou 14 noo<i>v µrjKOU<; KCll 3 Uljlouc;, tac; H~ctc;: 0f.11CttKtjc; 1eeiµEvoc;, txe1 aa1ecntc; to np6ownov, 1ea1 cptp£1 ta wPa16tcpci tou t::vouµam, cioc1 ciaµa n rcpoc; tnatvov TOU. Toutou NA2IOI ADO/\/\ONI. YEvoµcvou, ncioa1 apxovtat KA.alouaa1 Kat cpwvcil;ouaat. Metci tac; np<Orac; cpCJ.lvcic;, 01 cruyyevclc; anoan<i>o1 tac; tpixac; tT)<; KccpaJ..T)c; H Emypacpfi Katt)'.Et OAOV TO µtjKO<; TOU J..ieou. flapa TOV VUOV TWV, KtUJtOUO'l 010 t(l)V XElj)WV tWV ta Otr)0T) tWV, Kat napacptpo<paivt::tat o 1eopµ6c; KoA.oaaaiou ttvo<; An6Hwvoc; Kata YTJ<; KtiµtVtat en{ toaootov, wot£ o f3Atnwv autcic; tac; r.lCA.aµf3cive1 Sui tpt:Avou, clVEU ICEcpaA.t)c;, <iVEU j3paXIOV(l)V Kat QV£U ICVT)µWv· €1t( t(t)V (iJ.. A.cic;. µWV Oµwc; UUTOU (j)OlVOVtat Ol PQOTj)UXOL tT]<; KOµT]c; tOU. Q 0Wp6c; Kata TO StciOtT)µa toUTO (ll ~lUpoA.oy!otpCll ciOOUCJl navtotE, outoc; 6p61oc; Kat ClKEpatoc; ea El)'.£ UljlO<; 25 noSciJv. To dyaA.µa tT]c; noJ..A.ouc; yEA.oiouc; µop<paoµouc; 1tOtouoa1, Kat Q7tEu0uvovtal OTt Apttµ1Soc;, tou autou, we; A.tyouai, µeyl:Oouc;, ot::v undpxe1 r.v TT) µ1;:v El<; vfov xt1pav, OTE OE El<; µT)tl:pa Q7tCJ.lAtoaoav toV u16v tT)c;· Vrjow. CTaVta)'.06~v 1t0pEUoVtCll El<; iir)AOV 6rtwc; U1tf:~Cllj)WOIV apt6te OT) t6tE 01 aTEvayµoi apxovtm nciAlv ~CJ.lT)p6tcpot· E1Cdva1 X,aLOTT)tac;, Ol oc AyyJ..01 ntµnouv ta nJ..o{a TCJ.lV npoc; tmito. naEt<; ac; cmriu0uvtlri cipx.ovtCll wpu6µr.va1 · ~eoxil;oum to np6own6v pa touc; np6nooac; TTJc; Kuv0lac; uJtt1pxEv CJ.lpa!ov aµ<p10l:atpov, vuv trov, <l7tOC17tWOl TT)V K6µT)V TWV, l((ll KTUnciJow 1ox.up<i>c; tac; ICE(j)Cl6µwc; µ6vov TJ Ofo1c; µEtci tivwv EOroA.iCJ.lv oci>l;r.tat· eupT)tat oE TJ Estjc; E1t1ypacpry: Acic; tCJ.lv Eni trov tolxwv. TV ..oc; E~aoOevouom, tac; µEtateoµil;oualV Etc; Tac; 011eiac; tCJ.lv mµato<puptouc; KCll t6aov t~TJo0EvT]µl:vac;, rootE nvtc; tOthrov ao9EVOUC1l en( Katp6v. 'En xe1p6n:pov 6µwc; BAl:IAEOl: Ml0PI6ATOY EYDATOPOl:. 6tav TO m<i>µa EVta<p1<i1;Eta1. OuStTtote d0ov npdyµa AU1tT)p6tEpov· t6aov SE tT)v np<i>T11v cpopav e~ercAciyriv, watt:: oEv riouvaµriv EK iiryA.oo 01tl3ri~11;:v etc; TTJV tvavn vt;oov, txouoav nt::p1<ptp1;:1av va ouvU9w etc; Eµaur6v. A1 µopoA.oyiatpa1 ah1v£c; (cnavtm napci 5 µ1A.(wv, evcl> T) iit;A.oc; E)'.£1 µ6vov 4. E!Soµev nA.t;0oc; apx.alCJ.lv ~ TO <pl:pttpov, <pa{vovra1 we; aA.riedc; µtoouom· at OE yuvaiKt::c; maµ<i>v EiC µapµapou AEUICOTOTOU, CJX,EOOV µT) unapxovro<; oµoiou E V KoA.ouOoucrm rautac; µE TTJV K6µriv A.eA.uµtvriv Kat <itaKtov 0µ01atw A1ya{CJ.l, KEKooµriµtvwv un' avayA.UcpCJ.lv Kat EyK<ipnrov. At Mo ~oua1 npoc; tac; apxaiac; µmvcioac;· 01 a1Catcirraooto1 ictuno1, m aauta{ VtjOOl Eivat EvttA.ciJc; aKUtO{KT)tOl, tO ):Wpl/;ov 6µroc; auTci<; µUXai, 01 A.uyµoi, a1 icpauyai, ta navra cnavaJ..aµpcivovtat µex.pie; StciotT]µa 0€(1)peitai KaA.6c; A.1µ1'v. KCll ta nA.oia noH<iKt<; npoaopou to nr<iJµa icaA.u<pOr) uno TT)c; yT)c;. Eioov µiav, r)nc; a<pou antonaµiCovtat EK£i. 0'£ tT)v KOµT)V auttjc;, T)p~ato Tpap<i>aa ta ci>ta tT]c;, ea Ta antona H v1'ooc; Na~oc; txet en{a11c; rroHa apxaia µvriµt::(a. To wpa160£, e<iv St::v rriv eµn6S11;ov. MEtci TO tl:A.oc; tT]c; 1eriodac;, edv dva1 taTov navTwv e{vm o va6<; tou Baqou, ounvoc; µla µ6vov Wpa µl)tT)p t1nc; arr<i>AEOE TOV u16v ti')<;, r) yuvr\ TOV oUl;uy6v tT)c;, µtv£l · aci>1;£Tm, tx.ouoa UljlO<; nep{nou 25 noS<i>v, Kat anotEA.ouµtvri EK K£1CA.t1aµtV']l 0{1eo1 e1c; to oK6toc; ETti noHouc; µT)vac;, ouo' Etc; tT)v tpt<i>v µEycil..CJ.lv teµax.irov µapµapou £1tE:!;t1pyaoµtvou· nA.aylro<; EtcKAT)a{av rropwoµtvri, EatCJ.l Kat av Mo pt)µata a7tE)'.EI au:ri tou toutou oci>1;ua1 tti µtpoc; toix.ou, t::v ro ElOoµEv ttepov µeya tµT)µa Oitcou tT)c;. Kata tOUtO OE TO Xj)OVlKOV StciCJtT)µa ouot t::vouµata, µapµapou, txovroc; Oljloc; ooc; to TT)~ 0tipac; oA.oKA.1'pou. OA.lyov aOuo{: Clcrrrp6ppouxa aHaoEl, O)'.ptc; OU Katantowo1 El<; pOl<'Tj arr. nCJ.ltl:pro Kat f!;weev TOI) 7tEptj36AOll tOU VaOU UTtQj))'.El CtEj)OV µap<lUttjc;, anop(ac; o • ci~1ov Eivm moc; &v anoOvrya1eoum tT]<; neCvric;. µapov ox.E06v tupaywvov Km /..(av oyK<i>oEc;, tx.ov rooetSt<; 1eo{Bef3a(ooc; aKOUCJ.lV Ttc; tac; UVOTJO'{ac; tautac;, ea EKrtl..ayt), Kat OlJ..wµa cv too µtow· 01 Nd~101 1eaA.ouo1 touto 1CUµf3{ov tou Baqou· Kaiwc;. I0ou nou <p9avei TJ avoriaia tCJ.lv EHrivioCJ.lv, 6te ta t01µa TJ ico1A6tTJ~ aUtT] Stivatat va nep1AciP'1 xota o{vou. fll<Tteuouo1v Ka1 a1 <paV'taaim rwv tac; 1eup1Euouo1. 6t1 m 1.epdc; tnA.uvov evr6~ autou ta 0tiµata nptv ta 0uotdo(J)01v. o va6<; mhoc; tjtov EKttoµl:voc; E7tl µey<iA.ou j3pax.ou KtKoµµl:vou Kat un6 UOatoc; 7tEj)llCUICAOUµtvou: OOTE TtAO{a out£ yaJ..tpai StivaVTQl va 1tAT]Otdowo1v· ClKp6noA.1c; St Ketµl:vTJ t::n! tT]c; ucpciJ..oo tat'.>TTJ<;, KUl EXOUCJa nEpt<ptj)EIQV t::v6c; µtA{OU, ea UTtCtaOOE andoac; H rrr.p1<pavEattpa naocilv tCJ.lv vtjoCJ.lv Sui tac; apxm6tT)tci<; tT]c;, tac; nJ..11moxwpouc; vrjoouc;. 01 aPX,aioi oirox.tteuov µtxp1 tou va-1:iv-01 T) 61'A.oc;, vuv 6ryA.ot. Yrr6 TO 6voµa routo ouµnep1EJ..aµpciveoti Ta uoata Mo nriyciJv, Mo AEuyac; anexouorov autoti, teal µeta~ti To 1ea1 T) tvavn KEtµl:vri Optuy!a, 11µ{01;:1av A.cuyl')v arrl:xouoa tat'.>0

1

25


«H napooaa «auiatoau; rwv vnacov rou Aryaiou {1698)» voµioµata tuuru tjtav tT)c; Ayiac; EMvT)c;, !Cat 0 xaA.K6c; au1wv e<paiveto ELoen Kexpuoroµtvoc;. Mo1 eSwpT)oav nooc1Swva riva µtjKouc; £VO<; noMc; Kat aplota 1mcsc1pyaoµtvov, t)tO T)µLK£KALµ£vo; cxi KOYXT)c;, Eq> • T)c; voµil;ro on unJipxov tnnonotaµOL El;wyµevot. enioT)c; OE ICUl xpuoouv tt v6µ1oµu, l;xov µtyd)oc; A.ou0oP1xstou, KUt nup1otc0v Li16vuoov tov PamA.ta '"CT)<; A1y6rrtou Km uOEAq>ov '"CT)<; KA.eonatpuc; 1511') t1 I 611') TT)V T)ALlf.iav· tq>epe en( tT)c; KEq>aA.t)c; crseuvov µE aKTivac; anoA.T)youoac; Etc; osu, mi SE rtov <i>µwv tpimcvuv E1c; to cvricrpoeov T) EIKwv riro Alav ouyKEXUµtVT) KOi CJXEMv fi;T)A£1µµ£v1') urr6 tOU XPOVOU. Eu; Fldpov UmlpXOUOl ITOAAQ epsimc KOi Emypacpui, Al(lV Oµroc; PEP/,aµµevm Km Suoavayvwotot. AvtyvroµEv µiav nA.rioiov tT)c; napcxdac;, q>atvoµEVT)V EV Tro µtow µey<iAT)<; TlVO<; OllCOOOµTjc; µapµapivric;· ELK<i(;oµEV 0 • EK taUtT)<;, Ott 0 rono; ooro; riro <iU.ors AKClOT)µia npoc; StSaoKaA.iav teiv vtrov. 0 K. Nointel cA.aPE EK mu µtpouc;toutou µtKp6v ttvn Pwµ6v, TT)v OE TT)V Emypa<prjv txoV'tU: ZABELiAIE XAIPE: To µvTjµtiov touto eivm vuv ev Kwv/noA.1:1 ev TTJ 01Kia tou nptoPEroc;. 0 OO<pO<; K. Galand EtKcil;eL 6n rjto 0 ta(j)Oc; ru&oviou tlvoc; ano0av6vrnc; EV Dcipw. Metasu tl'j<; napExciac; Kat TT)<; AouO'l'j<;, µac; tSe1sav nTJ~'riv Ttva, tjnc; SioEt 01ci trov uS<itwv 111<; 011µcia tl)c; a<popiac; Kat tT)c; aq>0oviac;. 'Ote to troc; µtAA.c1 va tjvm evq>opov, to UO<up ESEPXl:tal ciq>0ovov, 6t£ Se c:i<popov, PEEi oA.iytOtOV Kat £ViOtUI 016/..ou. H Avtinapoc; n£plKA£ic1 crrop6v nepttpyrov IC(ll ast06auµcioTWV npayµciTwv· oiov, ont)A.mov, to onoiov SUvatm va 8ewpri0r\ EK twv onavtrottpwv ap1oroupy11µ<imv t11c; q>uoeroc;. ElO'tpxetai tic; Sta nvoc; 66A.ou, npo tou onoiou urrapxct aljli<; tic;, unocn11p11;oµtv11 CV tW µtow uno KlOVO<; avOpwniVT)V µopq>rjv txovtoc;. napa Tl'jV Eioooov mu on11A.aiou Etoiv EyKexapayµtva eni tou ppaxou nA.Eiota apxaia en rivt Ka ov6µata (I). Eic; to paOoc; tou npciltou toutou 01!T)Aaiou, uncipxc1 ttEpov noA.u pa0t'>tepov, Et<; to onoi.ov µ6vov Ol<i ~lUKpcilv ICpEµaotwv KAtµ<iKrov ouvuto.i nc; va ICOttA.0ri. 0 MapKtjmoc; Nointt.:I, EioEv ou µ6vov tO e~wtcp11<6v tou crn11A.uiou, uA.Aci Kattl)11 µc6 • riµci)V e1c; to ECJWtEp1K6v tl) PoTJ6da A.aµn<i&ov. KataP<ivn:c; µEta noAA.ou K6nou, tvcKa tou paeouc; Kat TOU oK6touc;, cscnAcinµev eup6v~ec; noH<i nutci>µuta ICCll Swµana. Ynapxoucr1v aiOouom, 6ci.A.o.µot, avt16<iA.aµo1 xwp1s6µEvo1 an. an t)A.rov un6 AEUICOtcitWV KOi Sta<pUVECJtatwv rnixwv. BA.tne1 nc; n/..t)0oc; OXTjµtitrov t6oro <pUO\KW<; antlKOVLl;oµtvrov, roe; E<iv Eytvovto Ola tTj<; oµ(/..11c;, av811, Kapnouc;, (;ffia KUI QAAO.

roiv onoiov KaTfotrioav tT)V ouyteoivroviav, Siatpuoavtec; µet<i noAA.01) xonoo, µtya n 6poc;. xwpil;ov autac;. To uopayroyi:iov umipXEl tt1 Kata ~itjKoc; TT)c; Ko1A.c:iooc; rou J\1Paoiou· S1t)pxEi:o rnv 6<iA.aooav cno n1c; vnoou µtxpL mu vcoo owl;ovtat o · tn spalmn rrvu, aq> • orv estpxEtat oowp. To uSpaywyEiov rouro txE1 01Voc; 6 rroowv, Kat <p6<iv1:1 npo; tT)V 0aA.aooav Stc:i Katroq>EpEiac;. Ta µtp11 TT)c; 011Coooµt)c; sivrn rooov KaA.ffic; ouvScoeµtva Kai creped, ffioi:c ouOt Sta o<pupac; ouvaTm ru; vu cnoondon µtpoc; aorev. Etc; rnv vncov Ulj/OUvtat Mo ana µeyaA.a OpT). To Uljl11AOtepov KaA.ouµeVOV Zid tjtov aq>1Eproµtvov Etc; TOV Liia· Tl KOpuq>rj (ll)TOU elvm ouvtjflwc; KE1CaAuµµtv11 uno VEq>oov· av<i OLaon\µaT(l, rrpoc; to µtpoc; tT)c; eaAciooric;, txc1 µEyaA.a rninEl)a, xeiuevc ta usv Eni tcov Se, EV cl0£l Swµ<itwv, ta nAEioTa TC.llV onoiwv txouo1v esmpttouc; PoOKac;. Av£px6µcv6c; tic;. euptoxei ontjA.mov eupuxwpov KClL rniµriKE<;, µtac; A.euy11c; Pa6oc; cxov. 0L KaTOllCOI Atyoumv, Ott ouobtotE Et6A.µ11oav vu Katf.A.6wm µtxp1 rou nu0µ£voc;. 0 nuA.ci>v 01C1a1;£tat un6 µEyciA.rov Stvopwv, €V tro µtoro nov onouov pte1 nriytj Spoospou KCll S1auyouc; uSatoc;. Etc; tT)V f;lOOOoV rou onriA.a(ou oA.iyov n rrpoc; ta cvroq, q>aivovtm Suo µey<iA.01 KL6vEc; Sidrpuror, 15 tj 20 prjµara cxo t11c; c106Sou, o 06Aoc; ulj/OUTClL sv EiSr.1 Souou. 01 Xp1o ncvoi rjyELpav r.Lc; to µtpoc; routo proµ6v i:vfla an6 Kmpou e1c; Katp6v ).E1toupyo1kuv. 6moc; aytaoWOL TOV aA.A.ote PtPri/..ov ICCll Suo<p11µov tOutov t6rrov· 0161:1 OLun:ivovta1 61t Ev tw OKOtE1vw Km paed tol>Tro <ivtpro, m MaLvrioEc; et£A.ouv ta 6py1a twv, Kat, 6t1 auta1 navtax68Ev T11c; EAA.aooc; ouvtppeov, 6nroc; nav11yupioroo1 Kata ta tOtµa aUtcllV, tac; tOU er.01i BaKxou EOpt<ic;. HK0A.oti811cra µtxpL tT)c; icopoq>rjc; toll 6pouc; toutou tov K. MapKJicrwv Nointel, ocrnc; toxE t11v nEpu~pyuav v · avtA.011 En· autou, Km va xapasri Eni too pp<ixou ta ot)µcna tou BamA.tcoc;, Km ta 1StK<i tOU. EK TOU U1V11AOU totltou 6pouc;, ev6c; µEv q>aivEtat Tl Eup<i>n11, EK OE tou aA.A.ou 11 Aoia· 01E1Cpivaµev tl)v Kptjt11v KOi TT)V X{ov, Kaitot c.mExouoac; nA.Eiova trov JOO ~11A.irov an6 nic; N<isou, t11v µEv npoc; B. r11v Sr. npoc; A. EnavEpx6µEvo1 Eiooµev eni µtuc; twv nA.eupwv tou 6pouc;, µtya µcipµapov aKattpyaotov KUL 11µ1KUKA.oc1Stc; t11v OE tT)V Emypa<ptjv q>tpov: OPOr 6IOr MHMn:IOY To ttcpov 6poc; rnA.ouµcvov Kopwvo, tjtov aq>ti:proµtvov CL<; HJV vuµ<pl'jV Kopwviou, tpoq>6v tOU Baqou, tO onoiov ouSt tl'jV paotv tOOOUto wpdav oust Tl'jV ncpLq>tpctav tOU <iHou txel. Enl tl'jc; Kopu<prjc; UUTOU unapxe1 nriyrj ncp1paAA.6µEVl'j uno nUICVOt<itrov Stvopwv, tv0u 01 notµtvcc; µEt<i trov no1µv!rov tCJ)V tpxovtm va 1;11Ttjowm tov Spoor::p6v atpa Katci ta KUVtKa Kauµata· 10 uSrop estpxctat 1CpOUVTjS6V. nap<i touc; np6noSac; tOU Kop<iivou unapxc1 Ettpa n11Yr\. 11c; tu UOOta t6oov Eivm \VUXPU, WOtE OEV SUvutui nc; VU 0foTj tT)V XEipav tOU OUO • Eltl µ(av onyµrjv xwpic; va ptyrjcr11. 01 ~tvot, µ11 yvwpll;ovtEc; tl)v 1S16t11tav taut11v tl)c; rrT)yrjc;, nivouot to u&op taUTT)c;, KUl npoopanovtul 1)7(0 O'!pOOpOU KOALKOnovou. Enl TWV Uljll'jAOttpwv optffiv tTjc; vrjcrou npoc; B. TCA TJOiwv tT)c; Kroµon6A.Effic; KoµLatetjc;, umipxouO'l µeyci.A.01 taq>o1 10 twc; 12 noocilv ~·rjKOuc; !CUI 5 nA<itouc;. OuStnoTE TjOUvr\011v va µa0w ti rjouv, ouS · Eupov rn · uutci>v, emypmprjv ttva. Eni <iHwv optwv EL<; tu BA. c~rjtaoa nupyov tlVU, ov Ol N<i~tOL ICUAOUOl Kiµapo. Ano tl)c; KOpuq>rjc; cixp1 tT)c; paoewc; cruy1mtm £1( µapµapou KaAcil<; Tjvroµtvou, tWV A.i0wv ouvowµtvwv Ola OlOTjpc.l>v UyKupirov, xwpic; VCl q>alVllTQI OUtE <iµµoc; otlte cicrpcowc;· 0 nupyoc; outoc; ht Kat vuv wpuloc; ocill;ttat OAOKAl'jpoc;· ouodc; 11SuvtjOTj va µe nA.11poq>opr\011 npoc; tivu oKn6v ul1Cro0oµtj6TJ etc; t6ow aTCOKEvtpov µtpoc;. KuO · ooov aq>opci tac; A.omcic; apxmo'tl')tac;, oiov ta eK ~1apµapou Kai onrrjc; yric; oKA.Tjpotci'tT)c; ayaA.µanu, 01 Epyc:itm oKarrtovtec; cupiOKOUOI tOLOUtU 1Ca011µcpivooc;. Enlo11c; unapxouo1 ICUt µtp11 tvOu eupioKovtm apxu!a voµicr~tata. Kata tT)V Ev N<i~w Otaµovtjv µou t<pEpov f.L<; tov ranov np6~£VOV l5oxeiov nA.t)pEc;, to onoiov cupe XWPlKO<; nc; OICOntCllV tTjV ciµnE),6v tOIJ. navta ta

es

Naaox« rcvx0<; 17 - 18. 0Krw{Jproc; 1987 - <Pe{Jpoudptoc; 1988 Ev tot<; S1uq>6po1c; Siaµi:pioµum v tou unoyeiou tournu avun6Pou urrapxe1 EV oµoL<il;ov npoc; EKKAl'jOiav cinaouv tK Kpucrt<iA.AOU, txouoav 06A.ov, aptoq>6piov K(ll pwµov £1( tl'j<; uuttjc; u/..11c;. 0 06A.oc; eiva1 n 0auµcioiov· rjto EtMc; n µey<iA.11c; 0K1ciooc; 12 tffic; 15 Staµtrpou, to S · wwtcp11Cov rjto evtc/..Wc; KoiA.ov. 0£p1~ E!p(llVOVtO nAEiOtOI KlOVEc;, rov Ol µEV CICpEµUvtO arr6 toU 86A.ou Kat KUtrJPXOVtO CJXtOOV X~µai, 01 O' clAAOI U\VOUvtO an6 tiic; Y11<; µtxp1 tou 06A.ou, xwpic; vli Evot'>vca1 µEt· autou. TtA.oc;, t6oro wpaiov Km nepiq>Tjµov Eq>OVTJ to µtpoc; touto E1c; 6A.ouc;, o Proµoc; t6oov A.doc; Kat rn0ap6c;, wot€ e1c; l11oouitT)<; eA.£1toupy110E tp1c; tTjV vuKta EKEiv11v, rjnc; r\to ll TWV Xptotouytvwv. 0 K. Nointel Kat 60 aAAOl KateA.fJ6vtec;, t)KO\JOOV t11V AElTOUpyiav etc; tov r\xov TroV µOIJO'LK<OV opyavrov, Kat ev TW µf;oro t(J)V q>CiltWV, anVa torro6et1iµtva e1c; oA.iyriv an6crTao1v to cv mu <iA.A.ou, Km aVtavaKA.ci>µeva urr6 tWV µEyciA.wv tO\Jtrov KpUotciA.A.rov, naprjyov µayeunKclitutov fltaµa. EµEivaµev EV i:w onri·A.aiw toutro Mo 11µtPac; xwpic; va OtEVOXWPTJ0ci>µcv.

~Epaivwv to .apOpov tOUTO, 0EA.w ava<ptpE1 nEpi Tivoc; µv11• µ£lOU, ,OnEp Ot ~AAl'jV£<; 0EWpOUOlV roe; CV trov nOAunµottpwv npuyµatwv twv v11owv twv, av Kut £SWTEp1Kclic; anA.ouotcitou. E(vm 0 ta<poc; tOU avopeiou ITCrrotou Hoquincourt, rrcpi Ou r\Sri avtcpEpov (2) Movaxoc; nc; EK t'T)<; vtjoou K<ioou, EUpe to oooµa tOU Kuµ~tv6~tEvov c~i t11c; napaA.ia~, {;v0a ri 0aA.aooa to tpptljfE µeta µEyaA.11v tp11Cuµ1av. 0 KaA.6c; outoc; µovax6c;, avayvropioac; aut6, to µe.tt<pepe, t~ PoTJ0E'.a £YX~piwv nvffiv aA.1twv, etc; tT)v µiKpciv autou EKK~l'jaLav. E,KEt unoSwoac;.autcli ta teA.eutaia Ka0rjKovtu, tOV CVEt~<plaCJE n~pa to~ Proµ.6v. 0 taq>oc; ouy1<€1tUl ti( µapµcipou avcmy~aq>ou, £q>, ou Ka~et navtote A.uxvia. H K6µ11 tou µaKapitou 1<pcµatm em tou to1 xou. 01 tH11vec; otpovtm µey<iA.wc; tTjV £KKATJoiav. taur11v. Ot, 15 • ev K<icrow npooopµ11;6µEvo1, nopEuovra1 6rrwc; 1Swo.L tov, taq>ov tou Inn6tou Hoquincourt aq>11youµevo1 TU Katop8wµata tou, KUI A.unouµEvo1 Sta tov 6avat6v tou.

(2) B),. lcnopla1 ~ou1ei:i>v Aryaiou nt:Aciyoui;.pttciq>p. Al •. M. KapciAt] 137 - 138. . o.

(I) loou 11 r.mypaq>tj autl) uvnypaq>cioa rrapa mu Toupvcq>ollp'tlou (Voy. du Levant. o. 225).

Em KPITONOI: Ol~E HJ\00N MENANti POI: I:OXAPMOI: MENEKPATHI: ANTinATPOI: mnOMEA!lN API!TEAL <I>IAEAl:

roPror t.IOfENHI: <I>IAOKPATHl:

ONEI:IMOl:

26

£11<.

£1K.

2 I. O nal")1111pyoc; aro Avwva. <J>wr. M. MavlvJ..<i

27

22. 0 flaJ.16nupyoc; aw Avwva <l>wr. M MavwA.d


Nat,raKd uvxoc; 17 - 18. OKrdJfJproc; 1987 - <l>tf]povdpwc; 1988

l:Oel>IA EMMANOYHA

Ilavt1tt<Jtt\µto

tou Mnipµtyxaµ 1986

H AatpEia trov Ayirov 1tOU (jUVbtovtat µt tfl ytropyia (jtfl Na~o . AUE<; avaq>optc; OtT) ouvaµT) tOU Ayiou Tpeqxovc va Bspn7t£1J£l Kc:i0£ appci>O'!'((l l((ll vc t!;OpKi~El ta omµ6v1a ppiOKOVt(ll 0£ noaA.alOU<; uµvouc; Km EmKA.tjo£t<;. . Evuc uµvo<; aq>!Epwµtvoc; oe Kcinoiov Iw<iVVT), l((ll nou m0avov

Eu1aywylj l:r'] µ1Kplj ipwva avtlj, npotdvera1 '1 µdi:tt/T']<; ).arpe.fat; tov Ay. Tpurpwva, rov Ay. Moc5eowvKat rov Ay. Mdµa ur']v Ndf.o. Kar· apxi/v napovuui(ovtaJ 01 n).']porpopft<;yia t']V (<J)lj rov Kd(}e 'Aytov Kat op1uµf.ver; n).,,porpopler; yia t']Y ).atpela tov uc µtp'] tf.w 01C6 t']v N<if.o. 'Orr.ou tJTC<ipx£/ wxtpeia, ,, Karaywy7j t']<; ).arpda<; TOU K<i8C Aylov Ba ef.crci(era1. l.}cr11<d µc t']V nh]porp6P'1<11J avcupepoµa1ac yp01Cr:tr; n']ytr; Kat ac nporpop1Ki<;nov Pauf(ovta1ue e1t1t61t1a tpwva TO KaAOKaip1 WV /985. flpbctt va cvxapunljuw nol.lour; avOp<hnovr; y1a t']V poljBwi. rovr; Kai t']v nA.t1porp6p']aljtour; a.Ud u5iafrnpa rov Ch. Stewart, N. Kapa).h]v1d.<5'] Kat tov n01Ca - Mav<h).'].

xpovoA.oydtm an6 tov lKto mci>va avaq>tpe1 ue tµq>aoT): «Ut florem agri aestimans mundi voluptates, o praeclare, magis candore animi delectatus utpote sine malitia, pastorem Christum pone secutus es, eoque provocante, omnem largitus es animarum et corporum sanationes, ac procul ab hominibus examen daemonum 2 dissipasti, crucis virtute ovans, ut invictus ». H euA.oyia tou Ay. Tpuq>wva oto EuxoMywv tou Ghoar nepwpi~ttal Ota mo K<itw: «E(vm y£µc:itT) an6 to 'Ayto Ilv£uµa Kai 0epan£UEl Ka0E aouvaµla K(ll E!;OpKi~El oa{µovec;.,) rravtwc;, 1'J ourxpovT) EK<ppaoT) oi:Paoµou npo<; tov · Ayto Tpl><pwva, otl")v EKKAT)oia Kat on<; aypot1teec; Ko1vwv1Kt<; oµao£<; nou £!;aptci>Vtat a1t6 tt)V ')'£Wpy{a, q>a(vttm 6tt, EK<ppa~£t(ll 1t£pt0pl· OtlKcl ott)V ouvaµT) tou Ay(ou oav npoot<it1') tT)<; ouyKoµtotj an6 ta Cci>a nou Kataotpeq>ouv, t' aµntA.ta touc; Krjnouc; Kat tou<; aypouc; (Hamilton 1910). To aut6 ouµpa(vE:t Kai OtT)v Kunpo 6nou eµq>avlC£ta1 oav npoot<itt)<; tT)<; ~wrj<; otT)V Enapx(a. l:to xwp16 f£p6MKKO<;, 01 aypo[ pavtl~ovtm µi: ay1aoµtvo vEp6 tT)V T)µepa tT)<; eoptl\<; tou Ay. Tpocpwva tT)v tri cI>eppouaplou,

'Ayioc; TptSq>rov

o

'Aytoc; Tpuq>wv Kat<iyttm an6 tT'IV AaµljlaKo tT)<; C!>puyiac; Kat tCriot Kata tT)V SttipKtta tt)<; Pao1A.Eia<; trov pooµa(oov auToKpat6pwv Gordian (238 - 244 µ.X.) Km Decius (249 - 251 n.X.). CTtpVOU0£ tOV Ka1p6 tOU tpeq>ovta<; xtjv£<;, µt:A.etci>vta<; tT)V Ayla rpaq>n Kat npoowx6µevo<;. Eixc tO xap1oµa va y1atpEUEl appci>(JtlE<; Kat va £SOKp(~£t oa{µovt<;, Kat avaq>epttat 6tt o autOKpcitOpa<; Gordian wv npooeKaAf:oe va ytatpeljltl tT)V Kopri wu nou ££XE KataAT)q>0£1 an6 omµovtKa. TT)v tnoxt\ Tou Decius ouveA.rj<p0T) otT)v NiKma an6 tov enapxo Aquilinus. OµoMyT)oE tT)V niatt) tou awv XptoT6, tov £KtU1tT)oav, tOV 1tEptE(j)£pav OTT)V n6AT) oup6µevo an6 eva clAO')'O Katt£· Af:uta(a tOV UltOKEq>a/..toavtO eto<; 250 µ.X. 1tEp[1tO\J (Nfo<; I:uva~aptotrj<;, 1947). EKteA.T)oie<; KtiOTT)Kav OtT)V AaµljlaKo Kat atT)v Nlteaia 6nou <p1!..aooovtav ta ciyta A.tlljlava. TT)v 1t£plooo tou Iouonavou tou A· Kt'(Ott)K£ otT)V Kwv/1tOAT) µia pao1A.1Krj nou aq>1£pci>011KE ot0 6voµa wu (Delihage, 1933). O Kwv/vo<; o Z · o CTopq>upoyeVVT)tO<;, yp<iq>ovta<; tov oeKaTo mrova, avaq>epttm 0£ µ(a EICICAT)Ola OtT'IV AtKclt'Etpa, tWV Aal..µatltCWV aKtci>v: «LtT)V (01a 1t6AT1, pploKEtat OAOKAT)pO to oooµa toU Ay{ou Tpuq>wva, ltOU 0cpa7tE0£t KO.OE ao0tvE1a, Kai lOt(lltEpa a\JTOU<; 1tOU TaACll7t(J)p00Vtat an6 aKci0apta nveuµata. H EKKA.T)ola tou dvat 0oA.rotrj.1.,. Ta A.chvav<i tou µetaq>tp0T)Kav OtT)V n61..T) Kotor tov tvato mci>va an6 PevEtou<; Eµrt6pouc; (Jenkius, 1967).

EVci> OtT)V fla<p0, 0 K6oµoc; OKOpltl~tl xroµa a1t6 TOV nep{fk>l..o tT)<; EKKAT)olac; ota xrop<i<pta yta va Ta npocJtatcuaet an6 ta tvtoµa. l:tT)V · HnEtpo, tT)V T)µepa t1')<; µvrjµT)<; tou, ot yuva(Kt<; twv aµnel..oupyci>v 'Vnvouv µqal..a ~uµroTa otponuM Kappt!..ta nou ta KUAOUV avaµ1:oa Ot. aµntl..1a £Vci> Ot OlKO')'EVEtE<; tpayouoouv: ... Ay1c Tpucpwva, Kapn<><p6pE, tl..a Oto aµntl..1 µou, tl..a otov terjno µou, Kl· a<; q>aµe Kt' a<; mouµc... l:tt)v Anl(i/..o, unapxet t'O e0tµo va q>naxvouv K6Uupa, 1t01) txouv oxeotaoµevo TOV . Ay10 µ£ aµuyBal..a, KUI µ. tva Toaµnl ota<puA.ta ta onola tproyovta1 uotepa an6 •riv A.ettoupy{a, Kat otT'l auvtxeta pavt{~ovtat T' aµnel..1a Kat ot Krjno1 µ£ ay{aoµa.

fal)v Ku0vo, 0Ewptitai 7tpoot<i"CT)<; an6 ta xovrl K1a Km rooc 1Cop100<; Kat e rnv l:tpupo yivEtm ErttKAT)OT) yia vc oi<l>SEt to onP<iKt. TT)v T)µtpa tT)<; yioptrj<; rou, Ssv yivetm Kaµia omttKil SouAEtci. LE xwpui tT)<; AA.Pavia<;, napatT)prj0T)KE or«; apxt<; aurou TOU a1<lJva, Va µT)V rtl)yaiVEl KaVEi<; Ota XWp<iqna TT)V T)µEpa rou Ay. Tpuq>wva, aq>tjvovtci<; ta ornv npooruotc rou, H A.atpeia rou Ayiou Tpuq>rova, crnv Nci!;o, cipxioE noA.u npooq>ata, ornv O£Ka£tia rou 1930. 'Hruv Kata tT)V £µq>c:ivtoT) tT)<; MEooyetaKtj<; µuya<; OtT)V vrioo, µ1KpE<; wµq>£<; tT)<; 07t0ta<; untjpxav 0£ vroudre; 1tOU lq>taoav an6 tT)V Alvunro, µtow A0T)vrov. Ta np<i>ta nou £7tl)p£c:io0T)JCav rjtav ta £KtEtaµtva ni:p1jXSA.1a an6 PepUICOIClE<; OtT)V £Uq>OpT) KOlA<iOat(J)V Eyxupdrv, 7 xA.µ. popeioouTlKa tT)<; n6A.ri<; tl")<; Nasou. l:uµq>wva µ£ nA.ripoq>op!ec; cno xcrotJCouc; tOU XWPlOU, Ol Kc:iµm£<; tT)<; µuya<;, c:ipx1oav va (j)<llVOVtal Ota Pi:puKOKKa, yupw cro 1935. T6te, 6muc; Km tci>pa, Tl cmPi<i>oT) rmv av0pcimwv autrjc; tT)<; nsPtOXiic;. Paoi~6tav ornv KaU1tpye1a q>poutrov, teat 101a!tepa rou PtpUKOICKOU, Km autrj Tl KotA.c:ifo 6nw<; Kat oi KOtMoec; MEA.avwv 1Ca1 notaµta<; avaq>tpovtal onv «q>poutoxci>pta» t1')<; Nasou. 0 nuM<; rev Ey1Capwv tva<; ytpoc; Km noA.U 01apaoµtvo<;. tx£1 aKouo1:1 6t1 0 rtpoot<itt)<; tWV 1tWAT)tOOV - AOUAOUOlOOV OTT)V A0tjva stvm 0 , Ayto<; Tpoecov, Kat Olart(OtWOE 6tt rjtav 0 uovoc , Ayio<; ~IE 00vciµi:ic; vu npootatElj/El n<; 0001:1£<; an6 tT)V Kataotpoq>tj tT)<; MEO'O')'ElaKrj<; µuyac;. 'Eror, Tl A.atpEia rou . Aviou Tpuq>wva, napouoi<i~etm one; EYKaptc; an6 rov nanc:i rou xroptou Kat to 1937, 0eµeA.irovetat 1'l 1tPl'i>tT) £KKAt)Ota aq>t£proµEVT) oro ovoµci tOU l((ll 7t0U T) xrrracrJCi:urj tT)<; tt:A.drooe to 1939. Yncipxouv rpeu; eiK6vE<; ornv EKICAT)oia. H µia tov napouoi<i~Et va Kpatc:i eruopo ore tva xtp1 Kat O'to ciA.Ao tva q>tEp6, T) c:iUt) rov odxv£l y(l Kpat<i£l eva l(A(lO{ cpoiviKta<; Kai va rtEpiotmxi~Etm ano tva Kon<ioi xtjvE<;. IIpenei Y(l npoo0tow 6tt 0£V ouvci.VtT)Oa t<iµ(lt(l OtO ElK6Vtoµa tOU Ay. Tpu<pwva, nouet:vci onou nrjya otT)V Nc:i~o. npayµa nou oiteao:>..oYE( tOV xapaKt1')p10µ6 tt)<; A.atpeim; tOU. EniKaA.£itat 1'J npootaoia mu yta tt<; ooo£t£<; vwpi<; tov C!>ePPouapio, noA.u npiv an6 tT)v ouyKoµoiorj, µaA.iota µ6A.1c; otriv ap);'.tj tt)<; avarttUSTJ<;, 1tOU Ot)µa{v£l 6tt O£V £nttp£nttal va unapXEt avc:iyKTJ yia tt)V avaetoT) tciµatoc;, nptiyµa nou ouµpaiv£t oovrjew<; 6tav exei yivet Tl Kataotpoq>tj. Mou £mci>0T)Ke, 'l anotEA.EoµanK6tt)ta tou Ay!ou T~uq>w6t1 va, 6tav xpwiCetm 0 tA.eno<; EmPA.apci>v evt6µwv, dvm ava;l.oy1') µc tt)v nlotT) tou Ka0EV6<;.

Ii

Aatpeia tOU Ay. Tpuq>wva anl..ci>0T)KE OTT) Naso A.Iyo noA.uµ£

tov 1010 pu0µ6 tT)<; t~cinA.woT)<; tT)<; Meooy. µuyac;. MiA.rioa µ£ tov Y~po - nan<i oto Koupouvoxwpi, tT)<; teotA.aoa<; McA.avwv, ox£nKa µ aut6. Ta pepuKOKKa KaUi£pyouvtm oE µqciA.e<; nocr6t1')t£<; 1Ca1 0. autrj TT)V 1tEp1oxrj: E)'.£1 tpE)'.OUµevo vep6 6A.o to xp6vo, ica>.a cO<iq>T) Kat npootat£Uttat an6 touc; 1axupou<; aveµouc;. To 1~38, 01 K<iµm£<; trov Meooy. µuyciw, napooouioTT)Kav Km ota PaPUICOKICa T(J)V M£A.av1tci>v. Eutuxci><;, cruveP'l va ppioKEt(ll K<inoto<; UJt6 ti<; EyKaptc;, nou Ei)'.£ navtp£UtEI µ{a MEl..av!t1croa, eµeve 0to Koopouvoxci>pi, Km np6Tttv£ va npa~ouv 6n Km on<; EyKaPtc;.

To t£1..ttoupytK6 nou y(vctat CJtT) l:t£vlµaxo. tT)<; Avatol..tK1'<; Enctorj, ocv unrjpxe £KKAT)oia aq>icproµevT) otov 'Ayio PPiiKa~ Pouµtl..11<;. i:lvat µovao11C6 y1a to xwp16. TT)v T)µepa wu Ay. Tpl>vc ;riv T)µepa tT)<; µvnµric; tou, Km 1'J TtA.£t1' tou Ay. Tpoqiwva nou q>rova, oq>aCttat tva P601 Km µ01pci~Etat otov K6oµo, evci> aKoPP101Ceta1 oto EuxoMyio tT)<; EKKl..T)ola<;, XPT10tµono1tjOT1KE, 6A.ou0£i 1..£1 toupy(a. l:tT) ouvtxe1a y{vovta1 ay<i>vec; nci.A.T)<; otT)V ~(.t)<; .JCm one; EyKapt<;. nl..atcla tO\J )'.WplOU 6nou 0 VtKT)ttj<; aµo!Ptta1 µ. tva ~(J)Vt'aVO l\.Qµ1a, epyao{a oev rtpt1t£t va v(v£tat EKEIVT) TT)Y T)µtpa. LtO xwPl6 • I , J. np6Pato. • A rrE{pav0o<;, µoo einci>0T)KE 6ti «OEV SouA.euouµe tT'IV T)µi;pa fat<; Kaput<; t1')<; 0EooaA.iac;. tpayouOcivc to mo KQTCJ.) tpayouot, tou Ay. Tputpwva y1ati ta KAWVlQ tOU aµneA.1ou otpapoovouv». EVcO pavtiCouv µe ayiaoµa too<; aypouc;: ,,. I" ...futa1 Kai K<inoio A.oyonalyvio µe to 6voµa tou Ayioo Kat teaµia .. 'El..a, 'El..a, · Ay1c Tpucpwva, el..a yta va ~µc Kat va n1ojµ~.&1 P4 ava<pepouv oav 'Ay10 faptiq>wva. cpuA.a!;E t' aµntl..ia µa<; an' ta orn0apta... .:_ ~_ 29 tz

n-

28

~

""""

~

:.s.0o

'va1a ~

i

....

01 OOT)yic<; tou EuxoA.oyiou yia TT)V t£A.ettj tou Ayiou Tpu<pwva, opisouv 6n npbret va yivovta1 oe ayp6 tj ota xwpa<pia, tj oi: Ktjno, tj OE aµntA.1, ci>ote va to rrpoq>uA.a!;ouv an6 Kataotpoq>t<; an6 te<inoto Cci>o. ' Mtta. tt)V AEltOUpyia OtT)V £KKAt)oia, pavtiCovtal ta xwp<iq>ta µ£ ayiaoµa Kat ljle/..vovta1 npooeuxec; an6 tov nana. tnc; EyKapec; Km MeA.avcc;, 01 nan<ioec; rtT1yaivouv oE 64<; n<; KaAl..ttpyc1£<; 6nou tou<; w CT)touv, evw µcptKt<; <pope<;, pavtiCouv ta )'.Wpaq>l(l TOU<; 01 lOlOI. Eivm 01')µavttK6, v' avaq>EpOouµt: OtO KElµ£VO tOU euxoA.oyiou

6nwc; µEta<pp<iCEtm an6 tov Arnand 1909. Apxi~El µ£ µia cuxtj: «Ltt)V apxtj. eet Mi:yaA.oouvaµi:, 01')µtoupyT)O£<; tOU<; oup~VOO<; Km tT) YT). ot6>..1oec; tt)v 'YT) µc npaatvc:ioa, Kapnou<;, Kat µcyc:iA.o ap10µ6 OT)µT)tplaK<i>V 1tOU o[vouv on6pouc; ... Ktipte, art. to Ulj/O<; TOU tepou <JOU )'.WpOU, OtpElj/£, autrj tT) Ottyµrj ta µc:itta OOU o' auttj tT'l YTI. Krjno rj aµneA.t Kat wA6yriot tT)v. CTpootat£ljle tT)v an6 Kc:i0£ µay1K6 Kat Ktl0£ SOpKtOµEVO, arr6 OatµOVtK6, µ<iylOOE<; Kat µrixavoppa<pi£<; KaKci>v av0pci>nwv. Borj0T)o£ va oci>oet o • autrj tT)v nepiooo Kapnouc; i:uA.oyla<; Kat 01aq>uA.ast to µaKpi<i an6 Kci.0E Cci>o KL· epnct6, Kci0e µ<iotiya Kat Kci0e appci>ona ... .Meta an·. aut6 unapx£1 tvac; acpop10µ6<; nou o Ay. Tpuq>wv µtA.aet OE nproto np6owno: «Mia T)µtpa, otT)V n6/..1') tTJ<; Aaµljl<iKou, i:vci> tPooKa tva Kon<i01 xtjvec;, T) opyrj tO\J MeyaA.oMvaµou 0eou EltEO£ ncivw Ot'T)V rtOAT) Km ta yupw xwp1a. 'Enc?e nc:ivw. ot' aµntl..1a, otouc; aypouc;, touc; Ktjnouc;, Kat !;aq>VIK(l AOUAOUOta Kat qipouta oantoav, ~Ep<i0T)KQV Kat a<paviOTT)Kav ... AtEi 6t.t TOU CT1tr\0T)K£ an' tou<; xroptKouc; tT)<; Aaµljl<iKou va touc; y>..1Two~1 an? tT)v 1Cataotpoq>rj. AKouyovta<; ti<; EmKA.rjoEt<; tou tant1vou Tpu<pwva, o 0E6<; totc1>..c tva 'Ayyt:A.o va oici>l';t:i 6A.a aut<i ta Cwvtava, 6nw<; tvtoµa, oJCouA.rjKta, oKci>pou<;, oKa0<ip1a, Katoap[oe<;, aKp(oc<;, tptC6v1a, ap<iXVE<;, µupµrjyKta, vuµq>£<;, K<iµmec;, yuyec;, oal..tyK<ipta Kat oapavtano0apouoe<; .. •. (I:tiµ. «Na!;taKrov). I:xcnKa pA.. Ay1aoµatcip1ov ... Evu{nCJtv 1783 o.

336 - 339).

.,

'

• Onwc; ouvePTl OTT) A<iµljlaKo, ttot ea ouµj3a(v£1 Kat aA.A.ou, ci>OtE µe eniKAT)OT), ta tvtoµa nou Kataotptq>ouv tT)V 1oioKtT)cr[a t0l) mototi UnT)pEtt) tO\J ewu, aq>avisovtal. Av &v llTt(lKOUOOUV oi:oµe6oVta1 icm aq>aviCovtai, T\ y(vovtat tpo<ptj Trov nouA.tci>v no~ oteHovtm an6 tt)v npootayrj tou 'Aytou Tpuq>(J)va. To yqov6c; 6n ta evtoµa aut<i E~opKlCovtat odxvEt 6t1 Elvm 6pyava tou AtaP61..ou, Kat npciyµan aotrj 1'l teA.ttJl E);'.Et noUe<; oµot6t1')tE<; µE .ta «!;6pK1a .. ~up(w<; OE ox tori µE Ta opffiµtva, n.x. 6Jt(J)<; 6tav Ot Ay101 rj o Kupto<; avnµetc.i>ntoav µta appci>atta, (Ev npoKE1µtvw ta tvtoµa). Yn<ipxet 6µwc;, 0µ016tT1<; Kat oe y£yov6ta, 6nwc; n.x. tT)<; ao0tvtta<; va EPXEta1 an6 aUoti, Kat va xavetai aHou noA.u µaKpuc:i, (eoci> Atyum 6n Ta tvtoµa n11ya(vouv CJtT)v aypta 'YTI. µtpoc; nou oev 1tT)yaiv1:1 o tivOpwno<;). TEACTOUpytKE<; EVEp')'ElE<;, 6nwc; T) otoµEUot) TT)<; appci>ottac; (1:06> Tl cmµovrj tou Ay. Tpucpwva va OEoµcuoE1 Kat v' a<pav(oct ta tvtoµa) 1'. 1') XPr\OT) v£pou (£Oro, TO aylaoµa nou pavt{~etat 0 ayp6<;) Eivm Kotva teat ata «!;6pK1a .. Kat oto tcl..etoopytK6 too 'Aytou Tpu<prova. (Stewart, 1985). faT)v nept0xtj tT)<; Na!;ou 6m1)<; ava<pep9T)K£ to Ttl..uoupy1K6 aKoA.oo9Ehat KaT<i yp<iµµa.

'Ayioi; M6oeatoi; O 'Aytoc; M6oeoto<; yi:vvrj0T)K£ otT) l:cj3aoTEta to 305 µ.X.


H satpeia rcvv Aykov no» aovoiovuu 01 yovdc; 10U eavatci>Orpcav µ£ tT)V Katriyopia 6tt tjoav Xp10t1avoi Kai OF.: T)AIKia 5 µrivrov o60T)KC yta avatpo<ptj arc6 tOV Ma~1µ1av6 (286 - 305 µ.X.) 0£ f.va q>poup6. LtT)V llAIKia tWV 13 CtWV tµa(lr. yLa tT)V xp1onav1K1) rciotT) twv yov1rov mu Km tywe Kato lOlO<; Xj)10tlav6c;, 1tpOO£UX6µtvoc; KpU(j)O mivW anO "COV tO<pO touc;. Y100ct116riKt an6 E:va xpuooxoo K(ll f.<puye va µeivtt µa~i tOU otriv AOilva, 6rcou f3an1iotT)KC. Et11v f3<int10T), napoumcio'tllKE otouc; naptup10Koµtvouc; oav 7tUj)lVll KOAWVa. . Exov1ac; OEXtEl ta owpa tile; 0epa!tf.UtlKTl<; KUl tT)c; £;6pKLOT)<; t(l)V omµ6vrnv, 9£pcineuof. tOV aOEA(j)O tou xpuooxoou 1[01) £iXE KataA.11q>6d ano oaiµov£c;. Av KUl eixe va xp1101µ01t0Lr\OCl µ{a µ£y<iAT) KAT)povoµtd, npotiµrioc iriv ~<JJil 'tOU aOKT)tl). npayµatorcoirioc rcpooKuvilµata ot0uc; Ayiouc; T6nouc;, Kat Oto 6poc; LLVci, 6rcou KUl t~T)Of. aOKT)tlKJl OLU/3iroori. K(ll EKaVE flaoµata, nou 1ov Katl:otrioav yvwot6. ttriv T)ALKia t(J)V 59 ttci>v, avaKT)j)OX9T)K£ natptapxrii; Icpooo/..uµrov Km Kp<itriot auto to a;[roµa µl:XP1 to 9civat6 tou, 38 XP6v1a apy6tcpa. Kat· autil tT)v rcr.pioSo, cv6c; noA.itll tT)c; ItpoucraAtjµ l:tUXf.: va OT)AT]tT)p1aofloov ta sci>a tOU an6 tO vr.p6 ev6c; 7tT)Ya/5l()i), OTCOU UTCTlPXf. tva oatav1K6 (j)LOL. 0 natp1<ipx11c; M6oeotoc; coK6twoe to q>[o1 non eixc ota/..Ei a1t6 tov I:a'tavti, Km ~wvtcivElj!C ta ~cl>a (Ntoc; I:uva~ap101'1c;. 1947). Dp0ota;£ toV I:atav<i, ltOti: va µT]V £µ<pav106ei 6tav r.mKaA.ouVtat 10 ovoµa tou, Kat npoowxl)OT]KE otov Xp1ot6 va ouipioe1. rravt0tr.1vtj c1pr)vri. oe 6oouc; 01at11pouv tll µvi1~1ri Tou, Km £1t10Ktntovtm µr. ltlOtT) tO Af:iljlav6 tou, Ka9cl>i; r.nio11c; acp8ovia, sroV't(lVWV, Kapnciiv, KpaoLOu Kat A.ao1ot>. I:' l:va x1:1p6ypa<po ava<ptp€ta1 ri mo Kcitco npoowxr\ tou 'Ay1ou M6ocotou, nptv tov 0<ivat6 'tou: <•Kup1e, 01ci>~c µaKputi Kci9r. appcl>ona an6 ta noiµv1a r.Kcivwv TCOU µeA.EtoOV tT)V 1crt0pia t(l)V µaptupiwv µOU•>. (Halmilton 1910). Eivm nA.atttci oEpaot6c; oav rcpoot<itT)c; · Aywc; tT)c; KtT)VOtpoq>iac; Km ri A.alKr\ 1tapciooo11 crnxvci avaq>tp£1 tov · AyLO M61>rnto oav wv npcl>to rrou r.~riµtpwoc Kai xprio1~wnoirioc f..va /3601. I:tT) Atopo, At.yetm 6n o Ay. M6oeotoc; dvm o rcpci>toc; rcou KaU1tpyT)oe tT) YT).4 I:triv AvatoA.LKJl 0p<iK11 moteoEtaL enioric;. on iltave yccopy6c;~. Avl)µcpa tT)<; y1optl)i; tou Ay. M6ornrnu, nou oe <ii.At<; rrr.pLOxtc; e[vat 'l 161'] 6CKcµf3p{OU KQI OE aAAec; T) 181'], ta ~ci)a OEV TCT)yaiVOUV OtllV tpyaoia. LtTJ J\tjµvo Kat otri 0pdKT), q>ncixvouv «KoHuf3a» Kat ta Sivoov oav tpo<ptj one; ayEA.ciocc; a<poo npo11youµtvwc; txouv A.e1t0upyriOd otT)V CKKA11oia. Ercicrric; pavtiCovtm KOL µc ayiaoµa an6 tov rcanci o orroioc; Km ta cuA.oyr.i. I:tov t.puµ6 'tT)<; MaKcooviac;, µOlpaCCt(ll ay1aoµtvo ljf(J)µ( Km cuxovtUl XPOVlU rcona. I:n1v Kunpo tO ay1aoµ.tvo ljf(t)µ( TCOU oiv£tal Ota ~ci>a, !tlO'tf.OCtQI 6t1 tu rcpocrtatf.OEl arc6 nc; appcl>otc1ec; Kat 01ao<pa),iCc1 tT)V napaywyil np6f3c1ou Kat ay1:A.ao1vou yci/..atoc;.

(flapaoKeV01tOVAOU, 1982) H A.atpda tOU Ayiou M6o£otou OtT) Nci~o cipx1oc OtO XWPLO raA.ilv11. nou ppioKttat atT)v KotA.dSa twv EyKapcl>v. 'Exe1 opy1aonK'1 pA.aot11ori Kat napaywyti, y1' auto Km un<ipxouv apKEtO[ !kJoK6t07tOL yta ta yr.Aciota. fi>pw Oto 1870, ooµq>wva µr. 6oa ou~ilt11oa, O'tO xwp10 ra/..tjVT), 6A.a ta ycA.ao1a tOU xwp1ot'.1 appoon1oav. 0 K6oµoc; tjtav Of. an6yvwoT), y1a'ti iltav noA.1i oriµavt1K6 ~cl>a y1 · aurnuc;. 0 nancic; tou xuipLoo, nou tjtav rcoA.u 01af3aoµtvoc;, dxc aKouo£1 y1a t0v Ay. M60EOt0, Kat tT)v aycinn tou yta ta ~ci>a, Kt ttot µti~EIVE 6/..a ta Cwvtav<i OtT)V rcA.atda tOU xwpwu, KOVtd Oto orcitt tOU. 0 1[(lrcac; rrpoor.uxr\OT]KC ornv Ay. M6ocoto, 6nwc; ava<ptp£ta1 oto Eu-

ue t n vecopvia

<7TIJ

Ndt,o

Na(,1aK<i

xoA.Oy10 n1c; EKKAT)Olci<; Kai ta pcvnos µE ayiaoµa. Aµtowc;, 61..a ta ~wvi:avci f3y~ovtac; µEyciAT) q>rovr\, 0€pa1t€OtT)Kav an6 tT)V uppcl>cma. H EKKAT)oia T) onoto eivci aq>u:pwµtvri orov Ay. M61>Ecro O"CT) ral..r\VT) tEAEl(J)OE 10 1884. H TEA.ctr\ tT)<; aq>lEj)WOT)<; Eixe avayyEA.Od yta mv 13 t.£K£µ/3piou rou iowu srouc. A.iyE<; µ0A.1c; riµtpi:c; npiv an6 tT]V ywptr\ rou, H £1K6va rou Ayiou xpovol..oydrtn cxo to 1874, Km txc1 tT)V aK6A.ou0ri £1t1ypaq>r\: « 0 . Aywc; 9Epa!tEOCI ta Ktr\VT) tOU ayp6tT]»6 H sucovc m>tr\ eivat aK6µri 0111v EKKAT)oia, Kat 1:µttp11oa 29 tciµcna Kpeµaoµtva E1tdvro tT)c;. M€p1Kci r\tetv yta KatoiKE<;, iv« y1a avOpcl>mvo n601, xupiox; 6µroc; re neprccotepc r\tav y1a nc; ayEA<ioEc;. Bpr\Ka cnioric; tciµata y1a ay£1.aoec; KpEµaoµtva ornv ELxovc rou Ay. M6ow10u oro Koopouvoj epi, ornv K01l..cioa rtov MeA.avrov. H erxovo ciXE acp1Epro6€i tci>pa tel..wtaia, to 1975. Eivct a~LooriµEirotri ri napatr\priori 611, ri A.atpeia uurou rou Ayiou, av Kai 1)1a060T)K£ OTT) vrioo Nci~o. !tOAO np6oq>ata, EV toorote, 6nwc; Kat OE ana µtp11 t11c; EA.A.aoac;. OEWptitat 0 npci>toc; nou E~T)µtprooc to /3001. :Eto xropL6 Aveponv! txouv tT)V mo Kcitw napcioooti: «Oi ayEAOOE<; !tOU OU~T)tdµt, (1t0V 7tOAU naAT)6 Katp6 ~oooav 0£ aypta Katdotao111Cat otv tjtav ouvat6v va XPT)Olµ07tOtT)00UV ootE y1a 6pywµa oon; ')'La aMivLCJµa. Ttc; EVOXAOUOE 0 01af30A.oc; K(lL oev ~mopoi'>oav va Kcivouv Kaµia oou/..c1ci. T6te o K6oµoc; Kci/..£0£ tov · AyLo M6or.ot0 o onoioc; trrr)yr. Kat aq>oo ta eotaoprooe tcpna~r. tva ~uy6, ta tseu~E Kat £Kav£ to oriµdo tou otaupou µE to ~euyapwµa. 'fao1 ta yi::!.cioLa e~riµcpci>6T)Kav Km o civOpronoc; µrcopouoe va 1ecivr.1 tT) 0ouA.e1ci tou. E~T)~LEpci>Orirnv an6 tT)V euA.oy(a tou Ay. M6ocotoll7• To Ayepoavi f3p[oK£ta1 on1v n£p1oxt1 Kai /..tyr.tm «AE1f3ao1a» tll<; Nci~ou, oto xaµnA.6 Km f3a/..1Cl>oec; tµilµa CJta liunK<i tou vn01ou. ApKctoi ayp6ttc; txouv Km XPT)OLµonoiouv y1a t0 6pywpa ayEl.cior.c; KaL f3Miw. H ywptr\ tou Ay. M6o£otou Eiva1 auotripa nµtpa apyiac; yla ta swvwv<i, Kat rcapaOKEU~CtUl tva 101ait£pO <ppovtt0~1tvo ljfwµi y1 · autci, to orcoio wA.oyr.itat ot11v EKKAT)oia nptv 10uc; Ooflei8• l:to rJ..uvaOo, l:va xwpL6 3 x/..µ. arc6 to Ayr.poav(, urccipxe1 OtT)\I f.KKAT)Oia tOU xwp1ou µia f.lKOVU tOU Aylou M6occnou, OtllV 0' noia yivovtal npoo<poptc; Kata tT)V riµtpa tT)c; coptilc; tou. Mou f.Lml>OT)KC 01 rrpoo<poptc; npayµatonowuvta1 µe t<iµata otoV ciylO ta onola ouvr\9wc; ypa<pouv uO Ay. M6oeotoc; Oeparceutl tl~ ayc/..cioec;»9 rtriv ArrdpavOo Km otov 6avaK6, Tl tpoq>tj twv ~ci>wv µc ljfwµi yivt:tat ta 0wcpcive1a Kai otriv Andpav6o to A.Eve uotaupo tou f3001ou .. cvci> Oto t.avaKO «PonOOlj!OOµO» (HµcHoc; 1964). Ta ouO autci XC•)j)lci eiva1 cyKatCCJtT)µtva OtO Ulj!T)AO Kal opctv6, avatOAI' KO µtpoc; tOU VT]OlOU tT]c; Nci~ou, Kat <paivctat Otl T) Aatpcia toll A yiou M6ocot0u OCV civat OT)µUVttKl), miµ<pwva µc ta A£yoµcv0 toll K6oµon. To f.fhµo va oionat lj!W~t[ (Km T) apyia) Ota µeyaA.6' o(J)µa q>optT)y6 ~wa Km T) eu/..oyia t0uc; Oa rrptrce1 va yivcta1 rroA.il rrp1 v arro tT)V A.atpda tOU A y. M6oc01:ou OtT) Na~o. Kl' Etol µrco· pei KO!tOtO<; V(l urroOfor.L 6tt 11 OlUO\Kaoia autti or.v Eivm arcottA.c· oµa K<irco1ac; aA.Aaytji; tT)V riµtpa nou apxLoE va cq>apµo~r.tat. 'Jowc;, Tl eopaiwo11 tT)c; A.atpdac; toU va npooilpµOOf. Ota napO' vta (£61~1a) rca!.a16tr.pr.c; rcapaoooetc;, rrap6 6n iopuoc µ(a KOi' voupyLa A.atpcia, rcp<iyµa TCOu motci'iouv Kat ot K<it01Ko1 mu j)LOIJ ral.ilv11, 6rrou K(ll cipxtot tO yeyov6c;. navtwc;, OL rcarrciocc; TWV xmpLWV raA.1,VT) KUI Koupouvox<i.>PI µou dnav, 6tav Ka),ot>Vtat arc6 xwptKOl'>c; TCOU txouv <ippwota Ccl>" (ayeMilii:c;), ta pavti~ouv ~1c ayiaoµa -Km touc; Atve- va Kcivou'' t0 011µEiov tou otaupoo Kal n<ivtote va rrpooEOXOV'tat otov AY· M60EOt0 y1a va ta Oepancooc1.

on

xw·

o~,...~~

,..Q ~

30

'A yto~

'vars~

17 - 18, 0Krw{Jp10c; 1987 - <l>e{Jpovdp1oc; 1988

Mciµa~

0 . Ay1oc; Mciµac; yi;vvt'\0T)KE 0£ (j)UAaKr\ OtT) rayKpa 1T)<; Fluq>Aayrovia<; to 260 µ.X. 01 yovi:ic; rou f:ixav q>uA.aK100ei e~ attiac; t11c; xp1onav1K11c; rov niotric; Kai nt9avav o ' auttjv. To vecpo ay6p1 UL00€tr\011K£ an6 Ka1to1a nA.oocna yuvaiKa ovouan · Aµµ1a xrn T) 7tpWtT) tOU A.£~11 OtT)V llALKia t(J)V 5 EtWV r\tav «Mduc», 11 Onoio Kai xprio1µon01r\611KE oav to ovoud rou, 'Eyivc xp1onav6c; Kat sunprupncs oav anottAcoµa aurou. I:triv T)AlKia roiv 15 Etcl>v, rov ntta~av 0111 9ci!.aooa µ£ tva f3apo µol..of31 yopro cro l.atµ6 rou I:av an6 Oaoµa rnt~ 110£ ano rov nv1yµ6 Kat Kati:q>uyE cs µ1a onril..1a onou £tp<iq>T)K£ am) to ycil.a µwe; eA.acpivac;. Tov avaKciAuljfav Kat £µaptop110E ~avci, aA.Ad cnt~11oe orcv tov tpp1~av 0£ avaµµtvo ooupvo Kai ootcpa ore A.iovtcip1a. TcA1Kci ntOavE aq>ou rov KtO!tT)Oav OtT) KOlAlci µe µ1a rpimvc av Kat £7tCpncitT)OE KaL /3ytjKE uno to aµcp10tatpo tT)<; Katocip€1ac; tT)<; Ka1tnaOoKiac;, Kpatci>V'ta<; ta ow01Kci tou, l:to µtpoc; xou tnEOE Kat nt9av£ T) µrirpuiroo 'Aµµta sxnos µta f:KKAT)Ola. (Nsoc ruva~aptottjc;, 1947). H A.atpEia tol) Ay(ou Maµa ow069T)KE OtT) M. Aoia Kai E1tio11c; Karrou:c; EKKAT)OiE<; tOU acp1tp<l>611Kav OtT)V KrovotaVtlVOO!tOAT). Ta 1tpci AEtljfava µetaq>tp6T)Kav otT)V Korrpo tov 7o atcl>va arr6 touc; «AKpitec;» tT)c; M. Aoiac; rrou iltav eyKateotriµtvo1 otriv n£p1oxil M6pq>ou. Yncipxouv otjµEpa 66 eKKA.rioiec; otT)v Kurcpo, a<p1eproµf.vcc; otov · Ayw Mciµa Kat rnloric; tva µovaotilp1 6rcou /3pt811Kav rcaA.atci xc1p6ypacpa µ£ t11v AKoA.ouOia tou Ayiou. Ercioric; txouv f3pt0Ei Kat oµvo1 otouc; orco[ouc; uµvdta1 oav µciptuPac;, rrpoot<itT)<; tcov f3ooKwv Km 0£parccun\c;'°, rrou r.~11youv y1ati urcapxouv rroHtc; eKK/..11oiec; oe ope1v<i 011µEia Km rrou ta em0Kl:ntovtm Kupiwc; f3ooKoi, t6tc Km tci>pa. 'Evac;'9po/..oc; an6 tT)v AndpavOo tT)c; Nci~ou, avacptpc1 6n o . Aywc; Maµa<; iltav f3ooK6i; 1[0\} dxi: to µavtpi too CJtOU<; Ntp{<ti;, 6nou un<ipxe1 miµtpa Kat CKKAT)Oia acpltpwµtv11 o' aut6v. 0 · Aywc; Maµac; tjtav f3ooK6c; KUl to µavtpl tou ilwv Katw Otou Ntp[tec;. EKti µ1a riµtpa, l)p9e µey<iA.11 Katmy{Oa, veporcoVtr\ K(ll µeyciAo KaK6. To TCOtaµ1 napfoupE 6A.a TOU ta To µovo nou arrtµe1vE r\tav tva ~wvtav6 µE tva µcitt tva aut( Km tva µaot6. 'Eotr.1A.c t0uc; f3ooKooc; va oouv av txouv rn1Ciloc1 ciHa Croa r\ av ta CiXE rrapaoupet 61.a 0 xdµapoc;. 01 pooKo( PPilKaV µ6vo aut6 Km yup1oav rciow K/..a{yovtac;. 0 'Aywc; Maµac; doc Ott yup1oav cptpvovta<; ~16vov µ1a y[oa Kat touc; einc: Bpe, ytati KA.aitt f3p£; O µeyaA.oc; 0£6c; rrou ta nl)pc 0a µac; ta OteiAet rciow. Movo va µ11v KAUltE. Eµnpoc; oci>OtE µou "COV KOU/3<i YIU to apµcyµa. 'Apµc~E to ~ci>o Kat to apµe~e rcdA.t Kat naA.t, Km ntjpe 1600 y<iA.a, 600 ano 6A.a ta ~cl>a µaCL LE ouo xp6v1a dxc nciA.t xiA.1a C<lia. Meta, 0 'Aywc; Maµac; ntOavE Kat E7tEl0tl r\tav KaA.6c; av9prorroc; tov avaKfipu~av 'Ay10 Kat tK't1oav µ1a EKKArtoia oto µtpoc; rcou Jltav to µavtp( Kai 111v ov6~1aoav 'A 11c; M aµac;11• H urrap~11 tho1wv 8puA.oov 6nooc; aut6c;, oe(xvouv Otl Tl A.atpda tou tjtav 01aor.ooµtvri. av Km dvm rccpwp1oµtvri one; ncpwxtc; r11c; Na~ou onou Tl 01attjp11011 µ1Kj)WV Crowv dvm 0 KUplOc; tp6noi; cn1f3i<oo11c;. Kat' enavdA.T]'VT), protci>vtac; yta tT) A.atpela too Ayiou Mciµa, µou eirrav «Tov txouv 01 pooKO(». Enc; EKKAT)oiec; tOU uncipxouv Tciµata arc6 toui; !kJoKouc; 6tav 'ta np6f3ata ti ta Kato{KIU t0uc; '1tav cippwota. AA.A.ti µ1a t:~[oou µeydATJ ouµ<popci yw 'ta µavtptd dvm ta apna1et1Kti nouA.1ci Kai 01 aA.erro1)1icc; rrou ta naipvouv µaCi touc; Km 101aitepa ta lHKp<i. 'EtOL rcpbm Kavdc; Elt£ va w npocpuA.ci~El, eitE va ta ~OpKiOEI l(m to "Yr\ttµa .. yivcta1 otriv f.KKA.rioia

{~.~

~~~.-~

revxoc;

coo.

.

.

31

H o~µaoia tou ~opK1oµou £ivm y1a va µriv ~avcip0ouv t' apnaKt1Ka rco~A.1<i, 6tav txouv tjo11 Kturriloc1 to µaV<pi µia q>opci. Auto E~llYf.lt(ll we; E~tjc;: 'ta 01e6twoav tva arc6 ta ~roa tou Ayiou M aµa, · , En£1oil . ~ nouA.1a . cxouv to 01Kmwµa va oKotrooouv tva r'>wo arr6 Kci0r" np 0 OK-6 0 0, ltOLO<; Kat ta oeoµeor.1, EVW 7tj)IV ta OKOtwvav 6A.at2 To £01µ0 t0u YT)tl:µatoc; rrptrcEL va yivr.ta1 otriv £KK~T)oia f3pciou K01 o ~ooKoc; rcptrcc1 va Eivm Ka0ap6c; oto. oci>µa Km ayv6c; OtT)V lj!UXT). J\ty~vta1 ta ~LO K<itw r\ K<irco1a rrapaHayl) touc;: , «O ,Ay1oc; '."fo~tac; bcavr. cruµn6010 KUl KciA.eoe 6/..oui; t0uc; Aywuc; .. OA.01 T)p0av, tmvav Kat ttpwyav Km µ6vov 0 'Ayioc; Mciµ~c; OUtE E!tlVE OO'tE ttpwyE, rrapci µ6vov cuxornv Oto 0c6. Km 0 Kuptoc; o Xptotoc; µac; tov pci>tT)o£: r~ati f:VW ea E7tj)E1tE, . AytE Maµa, OUtE ltlVEI<; 0Ut£ tpwc; ~16vo 0o~a~c1c; to 0e6; ·Eva rcp6/3~to, tva Kato( Kt, av<iOptljfa ot' Aypiof3ouv1. l.:c µap~ap1v11 youpva too towaa va md Km oc ao1iµi:vta KaA.uf3a to KA.c1orooa Kat to KaM rcouA( to nl)pc µaKpu<i µou. Km oev urcilpxe tivOpw~oi; f3annoµcvoc; Kat ~tu11µtvoc; ota 1epa rrp<iyµarn rcoi> va liwµ~uoe1 to Ka/..6 rrouA.i Katva to ofoE1 µe µcta~wt6 oxoLvl an6 tT) µut11, ta rc601a, Kat nc; <iKpEc; twv cpttp<liv tou oc µiav ayp 1£A.ta, Kpuµµtvri arr· tT) Oa/..aooa Kat va nci: ' · Eocl> OE' Stvw (evci> otve1. tva µeta~wt6 Kouf3tipt) Kl cotva K(ll touc; 01Kouc; oou Km touc; q>(A.ouc; twv ao£A.<pcl>v oou ou~meOl:pouc; Kat ~aotpcp1a. I:ac; ~op1eiCw ot11 PouµeA. ri 1Ca1 ot11v AvatoA. tl rrou va µriv .f.x~tc 01Ka[wµa va f3A.trctt£ ta npoPata Kat ta y(oia µou11. nol.u £\)~toxa 0 Keq>aAAl']VlUOT)c; ( 1963) 7tapat11pd Otl t(l 11'.0UA.ta µrropouv Kt auta va ~OpK1owuv ota µavtpiti ciA.Aou f3ooKo · otriv rrcp1oxil. u

FOOTHOTES

oe

I. «Ev tw. autoo Kciotpco KEitat o , Aywi; Tpuq>wv aKtpaioc; ntioav v6oov 1wµEvoc;, µciA1CJta touc; un6 nvcuµdtwv aKa9<iptwv tupavvouµtvouc;, o oe va6c; aurnu eot{v uA.11µanK6c;» (ED JEN KINS, 1967). . 2; «Oonr.p avfloc; aypou A.oy1oaµevoc; ta tOU K6oµou t£prtvci Tpuq>w~ tvoo~e. vrim6t11t1 µciHov we; ciKaKoi;, tw noiµtvi Xpio't~ T)K?A.ou0T)oac;,, tll E1tlKATl0El tOUtOI) cinaoav Oeparreiav ooui; \jlUxmc; tE K(ll o,wµam, tWV Oatµ6vwv eoµ6v E~ll<ptivtoac; £~ avflpoo!t(J)V, otaupou 'tT) ouvciµc1 VIKOOV we; ailn11toc; ... , . (ANALECTA SACRA, 1876) «Oc; rcvcuµatoc; ay1ou EnAi19ri. Kat tw naoav iwµcvoc; µaAaKiav, Km oa{µovac; t~£Aauvwv».

3.

(GOAR 1647) 4 .. "Aut6c; o ciy~oc;. £KaH1tpyrioe rcprot0i; 'tll Yll· • Htavt npwtoCwyac;. KciOa 1ova<p tov apyrit6 t •. I:· eµclc; tov txouve 01 Ceuyciocc; ... (!MELLOS 1964) 5. «O ay1oc; M6ocotoc; EV petorrtpKoc; aywc;, y1ati ytjvtava yewpy6c; Kl aoi6c;». , 6. «O

Ay1oc; eOcpcirrcuocv

(JMELLOS, ta f3601a tou yt:wpyou ...

1964)

(ICON OF ST MODESTOS 1874) . 7. «Autci .ta f3601a nou A.tµe triv rraA.11a cnoxti l)tav ay~1a Kai oev riµrcopouoave va ta C£1Vouv£ · , ,oote ot • aA.rov1 oote oto reu ., yap1. Errilym ve o 01cif30A.oc; Kat t ayKuA.rovcKat oev t • ciq>llVE va Ktivouve oou/..£tti. Et6te o .ay1oc; M61itotoc; tov tmKcil.r.otv 0 K6oµoc; Km ercilyc Km t? otaupwoc Km trov £Kave Cu6A.oupo Km to • f3aA.c oto ~u6 Kai CruA.tc; oto Cu6 Km t<pna~e to otaupo Kat oto ~u6A.oupo Kat one; CeuA.cc;. Kai tto1 cµeptljfavc ta f3ouo1a Kai tKavr. 0


H Xaipeio. rcov Aykov noo avvoeovra1 ue rr7 yecopvia atn Nd{,o av0pwnoc; tic; OOUAtttc;. OtOU».

Na[,IaKd revxoc; 17 - 18, 0Krwfipwc; 1987 - <l>efipovdp1oc; 1988

Bibliography

Mtptljlavt rtpoc; XclPl rou ayiou Moot-

Analecta Bollandiana: revue critique d hagiographie Societe des Bollandistew, Brussels 1882. L. Arnaud, «L Exorcisme de Tryphon le Martyr,», Echos d Orient, no 12 Paris, 1909. Bibliotheca Hagiographica C.raeca T. I - 11 I Societe des Bollandistes, Bryssels 1957. Constai:tine VII Porphyrogenitus De Administrando Imperio (2 volumes) ed R. Jenkins, G. Moravcsik, Dumbarton Oaks Centre for Byzantine studies, Washington D.C. 1967. H. Oelchaye, Les Origines du Culte des Martyrs Societe des Bollandistes, Brussels, 1933. Goar, Euchologion Sive Rituale Graecorum, Paris 1647 eel Jacobus, Akademische Druck U. Verlagsanstalt. Graz, J960. Hamilton, Grenk Saints and their Festivals W. Blackwood and Sons, London and Edinburgh. J910. S. 0. lmellos, .,Q Aghios Modestos en Naxo", Epetiris Kykladikon Meleton, no 4, Athens, 1964. N. A. Kefalliniadcs, Oi £kklisics tis Naxou kai oi Thryloi ton, no, I Athens, 1963. N. Klerides, «I Akolouthia tou Aghiou Mamantos», Kypriakai Spoudai no, 15. Nicosia 1951. G. A. Megas, Greek Calendar Customs Athens, 1958. G. Melissinos, Touristikos Odigos tis Naxou, Naxos, 1980. Neos Synaxaristes, "lroes tou Christianismou ... Athens, 1974. D. B. Oikonomides. «Paradoseis peri tou Aghiou Mamantos•>, Laographil1, no 15. Athens, 1953 - 54. M. Paraskevopoulou, Traditions of I.he Popular Religions Feasts Of Cyprus Zavalis Press, Nicosia, 1982. Pitra, Analecta Sacra Paris 1876. C. Stewart, Sorcery vs Church practise Spelling out the Differences Paper given at the Birmingham University Modern Greek Seminar, October, 1985.

(IMELLOS, 1964) 8. «Tou ayiou Mobtotou excvcve 01 votKOKupciotc; sEut<i.Eivat 1tpoc; xcipt tOU pouotOO. Kavouve Mo JtOUAOl Kat root £VWVOUV£ µ£ Cuµcc; KO! rcoi ncivc O'tO p601a KO! ta yl..dcpouvi::. Av txouv Katoaµ<iA.1, Kcivouvt tva µ1Kp6 !tOUAO µto. OtT) µtori Kat tOV EVWVOUV µc root aA.A.ot. Km tpic vo 'vat Kat ou6 Cwt6 A.tyttat. 'Yorepo nou 10 yA.ciipouv to 7taipvouvi; cro oJtin Kat to rprove... Ta Cwtci ta OlVOUV Kat ta rprove tu 13<>uo1a, ytat( ta npoorcrsost 0 ayt0c;». (IMELLOS, 1964) 9. «O ciywc; M6oi:ornc; xdvci ta 13<>uSta KaA.ci». (IMELLOS, 1964) JO. «Xclpo«; teov µaptupwv rnHovrj, xaipotc; 'tWV Jtotµi:vwv T) M~a. twv ao6evci>v tatt)p, Mciµa µt::yaA.ci>vuµt::_». (KLERIDES, 1951) 11. «O ciric; - Maµac; t)tave 13<>0K6c; Kt ri µavtpa vrou • rove Kcitw oto N1pit11. Mta - v- riµtpa - v- EKattPTJKEV tvac; oteouvo; µta ppoxr\. tva yKaK6 Kat rou 'n11p1:: vro Ca vrou o nornµ6c;. To • n6µ1::1v1:: µ6VOU CVa Sc0 µ' CVa µatt, EV aut( Kat µta pc.lJa toU pucou. 'HpyaA.E tsi pooKoi vrou vc 00001 av uncipxouo1 Car\ ta 'JtT)ptv 6Aa o notaµ6c;. 01 PooKoi suprpcuotv svo Kat to yKp~aot, Kt we; sncctvcow ancivw EKA.a[aot. 'A ric; Mciµac; to· Eiot no ncctvcorv anavw µ£ µta CouA.a KCLl tOOVE A.tt::t: - Bpe, µa clvru KA.aitt, ppe ppE, o 0t6c; noo rn 'JtT\p~v. o 0E6c; ea ta JtC\j/11. n6.A.t, µ6vou µ11 yKA.aitt. Moupe, cptptt µou rov upµ£6. Apµftt tO Cw K T)pµtt, t)pµ££ Kt rjpµt~f.v 600 6.A.a Epµfov 6A.a V'tO Ca µCLCL I:t ouo xpovta elXf: µn6.A.t xiA.ta ca .. Yorsp«; t::n£0aV£V aric; Maµac; Kl £1tE10T)c; T'}toVE KaA.6<; av6pwnoc; tOV £Kaµao1v ayw Kl txnoa YKCLl tT)V EKKAT)Oa OtO µaCwµ6 vrou KOl tT)V EPyaACLOIV ·Arie; Maµac;». (LAOGRAFHIA, 1953) 12. «ErtEiotj 6µwc; ta nouA.t<i eoxcrdiouctv tva Cw 1 · atj Mduo, «roro txouvE 01Kaiwµa va 0Kotwoouo1v iv« os Kci0c pooK6, JtOU ta otvEt, EVW npiv ot:Oouv£, unopouve va ta (j)cioiv 6A.a». (KEFALLINIADES, 1963) 13. «O · Ayw<; Maµac; tpa7t£C1 t)Kaµi: Km 6A.ouc; touc ayiouc; tKaA.EoE. 'OA.01 1p6>yave Kat ntvave Kat µ6vov o • Aywc; Maµac; OUtE rpwtl oure niver, µ6vou TO E>t6 oo~aCtt. Kai 0 Xp10T6<; 0£0TtO'tT)<; rov upnrrd: - Ti txc1c;, ay1E Mduovru, Kat OUtE tpwc;, 0Ut£ TttVEI<;, µ6vou ro 0E6 Oo~~El<;; - Apvi Kat • picp1v t)pOecpa µfoa 01 • Ayp1pouv1, ot µapµaptvia youpva to n6t1Ca Km o · apyuprj KaotA.a to KA.dowva Km µou to 1trjpe to KaA.6 nouA.L TOU Oau~tatoc;. Kai OEV i:upt6T)KEV evac; avepwrtoc; pacpnoµtvoc; Kal a1t6 T. . A yta ntpaoµtvoc;, vc otori TO KaA.6 nouA.i µ£ µ1a KAwv(0a µtTa~1. anou 'tTJ µuTT) Kat a?tou ta 1t601a Kat an6 Tool tOOUVt£<; tWV cpttpc.lJv, OE µtaV ayplAlQ Kat VQVE OKlCL'X'tU anou tT) flaA.aooa Kat va AtEt: - EM otvw (Kat otVEI ourxpovwc;) touc; peroiA.ouc; KCLl cp1A.aotA.cpouc; - aotpcpta KCLl a~aotpcpta- ~opKiCw ta OtT) PooµEAT) Kat orriv AvatoA.rj Kai va µriv txouvt tT)v cioEta va 0o1)ve T • apvta µou Kat ta · picpta µou». (KEFALLNIADES, 1963) 14 ...... va ofoct to ot6µa TC11. ta 000\CL tCT). ta µa0ta tsT). ta rtooapia tCT). t<; aOEpcpaoec; toT), t<; a~aotpcpciotc; TOT), µF. KOKKIVO µrni~t OT<; ayp1A.1a<; TT) piCa. Kat va µT) flwpt) 11 ayp1A.1a rri flaA.aooa. · 01tw<; 'tO A.01n6c; 0ewptf T) ayp1A.1a TT) MA.aooa, Etoti va µT)V tx11 Kl (lUTrj TT)V aOElCL Va 1taT) Ot' apVlQ µou Kat O'tCL p[q>KlCL µou, Kai va (j)UT) Kat va n<il') or· tiyp1a pouva Kat ora A.ayaota». (KEFALLINIADES, 1963)

Mer&ppa<J'f Erv).. KowfKoc; - Eµ.Xov(ot5prJc;

- n

oe

32

rIANNH£ BA!:IAEIOOOY AO!:

NOMU:MATIKH IITOPIA THI NA20Y (600 rr.X. - 212 µ.X) NAEO.I H vi)OO<) NO~O') £iVOI TO µeya>.uT£p0 vrioi TWV KuKA06wv KOi 6pioK£ TOI µ£TO~U Tl'l<) nopou KOi Tl'l') Aµopyou. Eiva1 Euq>opri µ£ TTAOUOl0 uTTE.6aq>os 0£ oµup16a Kai µopµapa. 01 · EAAr)VE<) Tr)V aTTOKaAouoav •M1KpO l1K£Aia». 0 KuKAOblK6') no>.1110µ6') £!Xi.> 0V01TTUX8r)K£EVTOVO, TTpayµa TTOU cpaivETOI OTTO TOU<; m:iµrro>.ouc; 01K1oµou<; Km v£KpOTOq>£ia rrou urropxouv. Ta eupi)µaTO £iVOI OTTou6aia KOi ev61aq>£pov µcya>.o 1Topouo1a~ouv 10 fiioq>opo 6paxo ypoq>i)µaTO TTOU 6pE81'JKOV OTr) v6110 Na(o Kai Tc.i>pa q>u>.aoovTa_1 OTO µouoeio Tl'JS ATTEipov0ou. To 6voµo Tl'JS To TTriP£ aTTo Tov opxrivo Twv Kopwv, No(o. rrou fJA0£ KOi KOTOiK!'l0£ Tl'l vr')oo. nptv ono Touc; KopEc; Eixe Ko101Kr)8£i 0110 8poK£<;. Apy6Tepo ri»8ov KOi 01 · lwvec;. lTOu') ApxaiKous xp6vouc;, 700480 rr.X. urri)p~£ µ10 KOAA1T£XV1Kri OVOTTTu(ri OTr) K£paµ1Kri; r>.unT1Kri Kot ApXITEKTOvu<ri µ£ orrou6aia 01TOT£AEoµaTa. Na(iwv y>.urnc.i>v £ivo1 01 TT£piq>riµo1 Ko>.omaio1 No(1avoi Koupo1, TO KOAOOIOiO ayo>.µo Tou ATTOAAwva oTri Ai)>.o (8 µbpa 04Jo<;), ri K6pri N1Kov6pri. ri I.cpiyyo T<ov Na(iwv OTOU<) Ae>.cpouc; KOi o>.>.o. OvoµaoTOi YAUTTT£<) EiVOI 0 AA(rivwp KOi Eu0uKpOTi6ric;. Triv TT£pio6o auTri KOTOOK£u60Tl'JKOV OTTOU6oia apx1T£1<TOVIKO tpya, 6TTwc; 0 vooc; TOU ATTOAAWVO OTO >.1µCtv1 Tr)<; TTOA£Wc;, KOi 0 vaoc; Tl'J<; Ar'Jµr)TpO') OTO rayKpi rrou >.c1410vo Tau ow~ovrn1 µ£xp1 oi)µcpo, AK6µri avaq>aipouµe KOi TOv •OiKo TWv No(iwv• OTr) Ari»o. ETo T£A£UTaio TtTapTO TOU 6ou a1~v~ TT.X .• 6Tav OTrJ vr'Joo i)TOv

Tupovvos o !\uyooµric; lq>i>.o<; Tou nc1oioTpOTOU). OTr) No(o EXOUµ£ µcya>.ri aKµri OTOV EµTTop1K6 K(ll TrOAITIKO TOµE.a. Tr)V m:.pio160 auTri TOU') OVTOYWVi~OVTOI 01 nop101, TIOU arro TTOAIO E.xouv ouxvous rro>.tµouc;. (!:£ E:.vav aTTauTous eixe OKOTW0£i 1<01 0 nop1oc; TTOlr)Ti)<; Apx1>.oxos>. To 490 T£pµaTi~£TOt ri OKµri Tr)<; vi)oou, 6Tav Tr)V TTOA16pKr)O£ o AOTr)S (KOTO n£piepyo 1pcmo 01 No(101 6£v ovT10108riKav K086>.ou). M£T0 TOU<; Mr)OIKOU<; no>.£.µouc;, TO 479 TT.X., µTToivouv OTr)V ABriva'iKfJ fuµµaxia KOi lTAr)pWVOUV, OOV opxr'J, 6 TOAOVTO KOi apyOTEpa 15. Me10 TO 406 n.X. KAivouv TTpoc; ornuc; !:TTapTtOTE<; a>.>.o µe Tl'J Bia µnaivouv OTl'l s· A8riva'iKri I.uµµaxia. ME.TO TO 330 TT.X. £ivai OUT6voµ01. I.uµµ£T£xouv oTo «KOlNON TON NHI.IOTON•. AKOAOu0rioe µ£TO r) Kupopxia T(LlV MaK£00VWV, TWV nToAEµaiwv. ;wv Po6iwv 1<01 TO 41 TT.X. ri No(o<; TTtpooe OT'l Pwµa'iKri Kup1opxia. I.Tr) No(o >.aTpeuovTav 161oi1epa 0 A16vuooc; TTO~ EiX£ KOi µ£yo>.o va6 (KOTO Tr)V rrapo6oori £K£i £iX£ aq>i0£1 0 eriota<; Tr)V Ap1ov6ri yupi~ov;ac; OTTO Tl'lV Kpi)Tr)), 0 Arro>.>.wv oav Tpoy1os Av0oKoµris KOi noiµv10<; KOi 0 Zeuc; we; Mr)A(OOloc; (TTpooToTric; Twv TTpo6cnwv). Kato Tr)V nopo6oori EµEyOA(l.)0£ OTO 6poc; ZEU<;. µtoo 0£ µ10 OTTr)AIO TTOU 6piOK£TOI KOVTO OTO XWPIO <D1>.6n 01 vT6mo1 oi)µepa TO 6ouv6 TO >.tv£ Za=Zeu<;. H No(os tKolj.1£ oTriv apxri voµioµaTa µ£ TOV <Do1v1K6 Kav6vo. Apy6n:pa aKo>.ou0£i 1ov A1y1vi)1·1Ko I.Ta8µ11<6 Kavova, 6TTW<) 01 TT£p1006Tepec; KuK>.o6ei;. Me1a(u 490404 TT.X. 6piOKOVTOV UTrO nE.pOtKi) Kvp1apxia KOi A0riva'iKri KOi bEV Tl') eTTf:Tpelj.lov va KOlj.1£1 voµioµaTo. Me10 TO 400 TT.X. K66e1miA1 µ£ TOv Po6'ioK6 Kav6va, o>.>.o am) TO 350 TT.X we; TO 10 n.X. a1c.i>vo TOv XPr)01µoTT01£i e>.onwµE.vo. Ta ov6µa1a rrou OL1vavTouµ£ oTa aoriµ£v1a voµioµaTa Tr)<; No(ou, ouµq>WVO µ£ TOV voµ1oµOTOA6yo kuOVVr) rBop<.i.>vo, eivai TWV apx1epE.wv TOU AIOVUOOU, TTOU 80 rrpETT£1 VO eixav T!'lV £TTOTTTIOV TOU voµ1oµaTOKOTT£iou. AAAO meavov

33

- XopTfJ<; Tl"J<; Na(ou, 1628.

vo Eivai KOi ov6µaTa £KA£)•µtvwv apx6VTwv rrou ovoµa~ovTav «t.riµi oupyoi•.

600-650 n.X. CS>o1v11<11<oc; Kavovac; 1. Aoriµtv1os OTOTr'Jpac; , 3,bO ypoµµapiwv. lr) 6lj.lri: KEq>a>.ri I.aTupou µ£ µt:.yo>.a auT10. 2q 6lj.lri: TETpaywvo £ yK01>.o 0Kov6v10To (To v6µ1oµa Eivm >.iav opxai·Kric; TExvoTpoTTiC:X<;).

550-490 n.X. A1y1vr1T11<oc; Kavovac;

-. · . .@ .

'.

~

.

.

2. Aoriµev1oc; 0101 l'lfKX<; 12,30 ypaµµopiwv. 11') 6lj.ll'J: Kav8opo<, 010>.10µ£.vo<; µe cpu>.>.o Ktooou Ko1 OTOq>UAIO TTOU Kpf.µOVTOI OTIO TO xtp10 TOU. 21') 6lj.lr): T£Tpaywvo f.yKOIAO. 3. Aoriµ£v1oc; OTOTi)poc; 12.40 ypoµµapiwv. 111 Olj.lr): Kav8opoc; µc. OToq>u>.10 rrou KptµovTm OTTO TO xtp10 Tou. 2ri olj.lri: · EyK01>.o Tc.Tpoywvo.

4. Aoriµ£v10 Tp111µ1060>.o 1,25 ypaµµapiwv. lr) oqn Kav8c:xp6c; µ£ KI006. 21') 6q.iq~ EyKOIAO T£Tpcly(J.)vo.

5. Aoriµtv10 01660>.o. Ir) oqJq: IEnTEMBPHI 1986-IYAAOrEI 575


Noutauatixn iatop!a KvK).dJwv Kaveopoc:; Kai KaTw oro rrsfiio q>u>.>.o «roooo, 2q 64,q. · EyK01>.o

rerpcvcovo. 6. AoqµE:v1oc:; 060>.oc;. · 0µ010 µ£ TO rrponvouuevo.

.. ~ .

\•

poc oroxiouevoc µ£ K1006 KOi OTO cpu>.1 Km NAC=:10N).

, ••

15. Xn,\KIVO 16 x1>.1oorc.i.>v. 0µ010 pe TO rrponvouucvo.

....

7. AoqµLv1oc:; oro rnpcc ·12,28 vpcpuopuov. 1q OljJq: Kav8opoc; µ£ cpu>.>.o KIOOOU lTOVW 01TO 1 o OTi>µ10. 2q OljJ(J: · EyK01>.o 01mp£µ£vo 0£

reocepo rcrpovcovo. 400-350 rr.X.

16. XOAKIVO 12 x1>.1oon.i.>v .. 0µ010 µ£ TO rrpoqyouµ£vo.

METo TO 350 -41 n.X.

Olj)rj: Enl<P KOi TTOVW orro TO OT6µ10 TOU KpOTr')po NA.:::HON).

••

22. Aonuevro 6poxµri 3,87 ypoµµopiwv. 1q oljJq: K£cpa>.r; t.1ovuoou veverorpopou KIOOOOT£cpr'j rrpoc TO 5£[;10. 2q oljJq: Kporr')po<; KOi OTO n£oio NIKOl KOi NA.=:l(ON). 23. AoqµE:v10 5poxµri 3,07 ypoµµopiwv. · 0µ010 µ£TO rrponvoouevo oMa lKH8Hl.

••

Po610Ko<; Kovovm; (daTTw.,tv0<;)

Po610Koc:; Kovovoc; (oKtpmoc;)

,

~ 8. AoriµCVI() opoxµq J,70 ypoµµopiwv. 1q Olj)IT K£cpo>.r) t.16vuoou YLVCIOq>OpOu KI00001£q>r) npoc ·10 oc(10. 2q 64ni: Kov8apoc; ue cpu>.>.o KIOOOU 1TOVW KOi NA=:ION. 9. Aonpcvro opoxµr'J J,70 ypoµµapiwv. · 0µ010 µt.: TO rrponvoouevov o,\,\o NA(=:ION). 10. Aoqµtv10 Tp11iµ1660,\o 1,27 ypoµµopiwv. 1 641q: Kt.cpa,\r) t.16vuoou oveveioo KIOOOCJT£(f)r) rrpoc TO oc(1a. 2q 61.jJq: lTo xevrpo KOuKioo, vopco-vupco rpio cpu,\,\o «ccou KOi NA:::ION. 11. Aorwt v1oc:; 060>.oc:; o. 90 ypc)µ poprou. · 0µ010 µc TO rrponvoouevo o,\.\a NA:'.::l(ON).

12. Aonusvro Tp1qµi60>.ov ·1,27 ypopµclp1wv. ·1 q OljJq: Kecpa>.r; t.10 vuoou oyl-ve1ou KIOOOOT£<pr). 2q OljJq: t\01µ0<.; KOi KCcpo,\r) yiooc:; KOi NA:::ION (qxorovporpio), 13. Xa,\KIVO HI x1>.1oon.i.>v. 1q OljJq: KL<po>.q t.1ovuoou vevcioqiopoc rrpoc ·1 o 0£(10. 2q mjJq: Kav8opoc; u lt<f>Ovwµl..voc; µl. KIOOO KOi NA:=:l-

17. Aoqp£v10 liioponio. 1q 61.jJq: K£cpo>.r;

t.1ovuoou y£v£1ocpopou rrpoc T~ OC(IO. 2q Olj)q: Kov8opoc; OT0,\1oµevoc; µ£ KIOOO KOi OTO 1T£oio t\EOKP. rn1 NA.:::l(ON).

IEnTEMBPHI 1986-IYAAOfEI 576

w.,·. .

. l

..

'

24. Aonpevro 5paxµri 3,68 ypoµµopiwv. · 0µ010 µ£TO rrponvoouevo a,\,\a .=:ENOt.. 25. Aonuevrc opoxµr'J .. 0µ010 µ£ TO rrponvouuevo a>.Aa t\EOKP.

~ ?~~. ~ ; • '--~~ \'@.!, '•it

~£Y~, :j !''

18. Aonuevro oiopaxpo. . 0µ010 µ£ rn rrponvoouevo a>.>.a KPH8E. 19. Aoqµ£v10 oiopoxµo. . 0µ010 µ£ 10 rrponvouusvo o>.>.a KA/\t\lN.

••

20. Aonpcvro oiopoxµo 7,75 ypoµµopiwv. 1q oljJq: K£cpo>.r') t.16vuoou veveroqiopou KIOOOOTEcpri rrpoc TO 6£(10. 2ri oljJq: Kpan;pac:; KOi 010 n£6io Bupooc, AKoµq XAPO KOi NA:=:l(ON).

({)N).

14. Xo,\KIVO 10 x1>.1oon.i.>v. lq OljJq: K1 <pn,\q t.1ovuoou vevooqiopou n poc, ro up101 £po. 2q OljJq: Kov0o -

Naaox«

(600 n.X. - 268 µ.X.)

21. Aonuevio 6iopoxµo. · 0µ010 µe To rrpoqyouµ£vo oi\,\o oTq 2q

34

26. Aonuevro opoxµr'J. 1q 61.jJq: K£cpa,\r') oveveiou (veou) t.16vuoou KIOOOOT£q>r') rrpoc TO 0£[;10. 2q oljJq: KpOTr')poc:; µ£ cpui\i\a xrooou 6£(10, KOTW OTO TT£oio TTPOToµr'j a,\oyou (m0avc.i.><; TO Ouµ6o,\o TOU OVOypoq>OµEVOU OPXOVTO), OTO Tr£oio APIHEAl KOi NA.:::l(ON) .

27. Aoqµtv10 opaxµr'}. Ko0o>.o 6µ010 µ£TO nponvoouevo OA;\O OTr] 2fl 61.jJq emonpovon (ucrepoonpol «TOOµni OTO(f)UAI• 0£(10 OKp16c.i.><; OlTO TO ouµSo>.o o;\oyou.

revxoc; 17 - 18, OKulJfJpwc; 1987 - <l>t:fJpov<ip1oc; 1988

pee K01 oTO m:oio 8upooc; Km NA.:::l(ON). 29. XOAKIVO 20 XIAIOOTWV. 0µ010 µ£To npoqyouµ£vo o>.>.a oTq 2q OljJq ouo 8upoo1, 0£l;1a Km ap10T£pa. 30. XOAKIVO 20 XIAIOOTWV. 1q 6ljJq: KE.cpa,\r'j t.16vuoou KIOOOOT£cpri npoc; To ap10T£pa (vtoc;l. 2ri ollJri: KpoTripac:; KOi OTO neoio 0upoo<; KOi NA.=:I (ON) .

.,.

4\

(ij \Q~

31. Xa>.K1vo 18 x1;\100Tc.i.>v. 0µ010 µ£ TO nporiyouµ£vo. 32. xa>.K1vo 13 x1;>.100Twv. 1ri 64Jri: K£cpa>.n t.1ovuoou K10000T£q>ri npoc:; Ta 6£(16. 2q o4Jq: KpoTr'jpoc; KOi NA.=:l(ON). 33. Xa,\KIVO 20 x1>.100TWV. 0µ010 µt:: TO No 28 o>.;\a OTr] 2q 04Jr] e.mor'jµavoq «Kop1v010K6 Kpavoc:;». 34. X6;\K1vo 1s x1>.100Twv. · 0µ010 µ£TO No 32. 35. X6;\K1vo 17 x1>.100Twv. 1ri olj)ri: Ke.cpoM1 t.16vuoou y£v£1ocp6pou TTPO<; TO 6£(16. 2q OljJq: KpOTr'Jpo<;, NA.=:ION KOi ypciµµoTO «A.B» (;). 36. xa>.K1vo 16 x1>.100Twv. KEcpa>-ri t.16vuoou KIOOOOTEq>r) µ£ ytv£10. ho 1T£Oio ocpo1pi61a (KOUKiOE<)) KU KA1Ko. 2q 6ljJq: Kav0apoc;, navw ono TO OT6µ10 TOU OTO<pu,\1 KOi OTO 1T£6io NA.=:HON).

I. t.EK Ir AAA I. ApxmoA.oytKO No~ou T. 22. 1871 .. nANt.W'A .. flr.p101\. 2. ADOLPH HESS. ANTIKE DEUTSllLAND SALZBURG Grieshcishe und Rllmtscnc MOnzcn Auktion .. 25.i .. MARZ. l'lX.1 In. LUZERN No 212. J. AUCTIONES. AG. BASEL. MONNAIES ANTIQUES DU MOYEN AGE. 4. ET MODERNES AUKTION 11 .10 September und l Oktober 1980. No I.I I . 1.12. 5 ... SOTHEBYS .. CATALOCUF OF GREEC ANCIENT COINS. DAY. OF SALE. 12 MAY 19XJ No 251. ANCIENT. GREEK COINS. TIIE GREDIT BANK COLLECTION. 1\ THENS 1978. 7. I Ba<11A.c101<otJ).o~ I:uA!.oyl~ I:EnTEM· BPH 1986 l:EA. 575 - 77.

37. X6>.K1vo 17 x1>.100Tc.i.>v. · 0µ010 µ£ TO npoqyouµE.vo.

0Tp£cp£1 To K£.q>a,\1 niow KOi NA.=:1(0N).

A YTOKPA TOPIKA IOY AIA AOMNA

138-141 JJ.X. 38. X6AKIVO 16 XIAIOOTWV. 1q OljJq: NEOVIKrl KEq>OAr'j t.1ovuoou KIOOOOT£q>r). 2q 64Jri: Tooµrri OTOq>UAI KOi NA:'.::l(ON). 39. X6AKIVO 14 XIAIOOTc.i.>v. 1'104Jq: KEcpo>.r'J t.16vuoou npoc; TO op10Te.pa. 2q o4Jri: T ooµni orncpu>.1 µf.oo 0£ KUKAO XWPi<; Emypocpr').

••

40. XOAKIVO 20 XIAIOOTWV. 1q 04Jrj: N£0V1Kr') KEq>o,\r') t.16VUOOU KIOOOOTE<pr'J npoc; TO 0£(10 KOi KWVW'ior') 1T£UKr] (KOUKOuv6p1). 2q 64Jri: LT£(f)OVI K1ooou Ko1 oTq µE:oq OE Suo OTl"OU<) NA.=:l(ON). 41. xa>.K1vo 10 x1>.100Tc.i.>v. 1ri 04Jri: Ke.cpa,\r) t.16vuoou OTEcpovwµf.vq µ£ 1T£UKI"] TTJ>OC) TO 5£[;10. 2q OljJq. Kov0opoc; K01 NA.=:ION. 42. X6>.K1vo 10 x1;\100Twv. 1q 61.jJri: K£cpo>.ri vi::ou (;) 6ocpvooT£q>r'J npoc; TO 0€.~16. 2q 6lµq: n6v811po<; lTOU

8. British Museum Catalogue. Greek coins (London 1886 ). 9. A. Baldwin Bretl. Catalogue of 1he Greek coins in 1he Museum of Fine Ans Bos1on (Boswn 1955). 111. P. R. Franke M. Hirmer Die griechisch Munzc (Munchen 1972). 11. Sylloge Nommorum Craccorum. Cop. The Royal Danish Collection 1942 • 1977 To"o' 111. J2. Syllogc Nommorum Grnecorum Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 1965. 13. Weber Coll. L. Forrer. Th Collection of Greek coins formed by sir Herman Weber (London 1922 • 1929). 14. f.yuKAOnoiot11) rtut>OO' T61io, I H. 15. B. Head - I. l:.Jlop(i)votJ. lotopio ml\' vo1110111ltuw. A01ivu1 1898. T611o.:; A. 16. Badelon E. Trni1c de monnaics Gre•ques cl Romaines. Pam 190 I - 19J2 ro11o.:; 111 • IX.

35

43. XOAKIVO 24 XIAIOOTWV. lq 64Jq. K£cpo>.r; lou>.ioc; t.oµvoc; rrpoc; TO 0£(10 µ£ TO µOAAIO O£µ£vo TriOW KOTOO. KUKAIKO IOVAIA. AOM-NA CEBAC. 2q OljJr): Tp£1<; XOPITE<; 0£ OTCxOl'l XOPOU. I.TO lT£OiO KUK;\IKO NA.=:ION.

fETA1 209-212 J.1.X.• 44. Xa>.K1vo 15 x1>.100Tc.i.>v. 1ri oljJri: K£cpo,\r'J OUTOKpOTOpo rho npoc; 0£(10. ho Tr£Oio A.CE. -nrET AC 2q 6ljJrj: Aµcpoptoi; KOi NA:=:ION.

TO

• 0 voµtoµmo.>.oyoc; koavvric; l:6opu>voc; IJVO(j)Ep(t KOi vlip1oµa TOU HnTIMOY l.EBHf>OY µc nc; yvwoTE<; napoo 1auuc;, xopnec; K . .>.n.

1pc1c;

IEnTEMBPHl: 1986-IY AAOfEI 577 TEYXOI 36,

17 D. R. Scar. Greec coins. London. 1978. 18. D. R. Sear. Grecc imperial coin•. London 1982. 19. H.A. Seaby. Grccc coins. London 1975. 20. IOAN. I:UOPONOI: 6tt0. ~· No11 Ar· xmoA. 1895 - 1900. 21. rEOP. n. OIKONOMOY, n1.pi 0111&0· oinc; 11ov vo1uoµcn1,.wv uotcpoorjµ1.w tlfl n1 Poor.1 vtci, apyupn~ opox1·~~ no\· Notlu>v. 1nro•11•u ,.,, A.:all111iia, A011v1i1v. To11 . .1. 1928 Tr.ux. I. 22. lflAN. KONTEAIEl'll MIXAHA .. NA· :=:or. 1929. 2J. M. THOMSON 0 MORKHOLM C. M. CRAV. AN. lnvemo1y ofGrccc. Coin Hoards New York 197)

11'"


Na~iaKri uvxoc; 17 - 18, 0Ku!J[Jp10c; 1987 - <l>e[Jpovdp10c; 1988 tr~a<;i:: ro yaA.a rou o · svc µcyaA.o cpuso, 01i:pi:ooµtvo cs too µtpoc; (rtou rov i:ixavc yia µt<po)· TO µn/..ou1:0ouv1 rou (to ot6µ10 tric; potjc; mu) tjtav KAEtoµtvo ue 7tUKVO q>tATO an6 ICA.ru){ euµaPlOU, nou Scv ciqirivi:: va rrtoi::1 OTO yaA.a, tpixa y1a oKoumO<iKt to ioto tixav 6/..01 01 opusol. :Etri µtori mu opueoo, aKouµrrouoi: K(ltaK6puq>a T) KQtOO ciKpT) toU xapaKtoU, aµa t6Pya<;e xapa<;i: pc TTJV KO\j/TJ mu µaxatptou- TT) ypaµµrj nou tqii:avc to uljloc; toll ya),(irnu Kt i:Kope ta nAai:va an6 rn µta Kl uno tT)V <iAAT), µi:xp1 vu OUVaVtT)eouv OTO paeoc; tT)<; Ka0ttT)c; ypaµµrjc;, (TO ):cipayµa elXE µrj Koc; tva tKOTOOt6 ). . Oocc; µt.pi:c; cMvet<;E to ya/.a tOU OTO ouvrpoeo tOU -nou ruPOKOµouoErocc; OmAtc; xapa1otc; ElXEV errcivoo TO xap<iKt tOU {npootVrj Kat ppa81vil cpued). "Ornv 01 KEq>aA.oµavtpiti:c; Eixave noA.o yaA.a, ytµi<;av µtxpi rn<ivoo rov ap~11:6 -~1£tpo- Kt senµcioovav svo OTO i:ncivoo µl:poc; TOU xapaK100· a~La unrjpxi: Km ni:piooi:µa, to uerpououv xavovrxd Km i:oriµ<iowav to uljloc; mu Oto xapaKl. 'Orcv 0 npcinoc; Et£AEl(J)V£ ro tUpOKOµt6 tOU, {;rra1pvc <iA.Aoc; osrpd, nou Kl aut6c; morzevorcve an6 6A.ouc; -£Kt6c; roo nporiyouµtvou rupoxouoo nou aut6c; rov ~oq>A.0001:. l:rn ttAoc; xou apx6tav£ Tl oeipa mu tc/...i:umiou rupoxouou, rou entotpe(j)E 0 icae. tvac; OUVTpoq>oc;, to yaA.a nou TOUX£ l)ooµtvo OaVEIKO, q>povTli;ovtac; Kaei: qiop<i nou to ya/.a tqitav£ cro uljloc; µ1ac; xapaKuic; xptouc;, va Katao1ptq>£t(lt T) xapa1e1a (orcv t£AE1rovavE 1(01) KataOtpEq>6tClVE 6/.ec; 01 xapatc1tc;, to xapciKl rjtav <iXPTJOTO ma). AvaA.oya µc tov api0µ6 <oov ya/..ap1oov <;oovtavwv Km tT)V noo6tT)ta tT)V ica0riµeptvr) oto yaA.a nou dxc 0 Ka0i:vac;, rj<ave Kai 01 µtpi:c; nou ea tupoicoµouoi:. 3. Mt:tci an· auto, ni:pvoooe to yri/.a 0 rnpo1C6µoc; arr6 l:va oeuttpo qiiA.tpapioµa Ooµapwu Kat to ouyictvtpwve µfoa OTO µeya/...o µavtpoxapavo, tpt)'.tE µl:oa nc; avtiA..oyi:c; mmtc; Km taqirivi: riouxo yta va nrjl;r.t. · Otav 0 icmp6c; rjtav lj/U)'.p6c; civaPE K<itoo an6 to Ka~avt tva q>puyavaKt -noHtc; q>aptc; KOi OEUt£pO Kat tp(toYta v. avepao£t TT)V Oi:pµoicpao[a OTO yciA.a Kat va nn~El YPTJY~P6tepa Kat KaA.uti:pa. Ml:xpt rrou vcipOtt TJ ropa mu rnpo1eoµ1ou, tnpem: va icaOioouve va qiavi:, va qitpouv l;uA.a 1Cov1a yta t? ppa01µ0 tr,c; µu<;r)0pac; -ato OEOt£po <UpoK6µriµaKm µeta 01 E/...cuei:poi an6 ayyapda va roayicaptljlouµE ta narrout01a touc;, dTE VQ oupouv tcaµta npopui oupiµ1a, Kll1t0U an6µEpa. l:tT)V npffitT) µaotca tOU µttOTOU pptoK6taVE QKOµa TO µaytpEtO Kt 6A.a ta xpcia<;ouµi:va· otri µfori unr)pxi: -KpEµaoµto an6 tT) l\oKapooocitva !;uA.tvo TCOUAUyKlOtpo, 7(01) KpatOOOE to OlO~Kt tou Ka0£ pooiou, µEta oqipaytoµl:va ljlwµ1a µtoa5. l:i: µ1a µeyaAri Ocp{Sa, ppioK6tavi: otri oeipa nr)A.tvec; yapaOec; Kat oKouttl.ta Kt tva Kavcotpo ycµato a7t6 Ktpcittva KOlltciAta -ta A.ey6µeva ~tya/...oKoihaA.a- µ • autci <pcilyavi: to yAuK( yciA.a Katto ~1v67aA.o, ~Val(anµtva µc lj/Ctlµi. r: OAT] TJ1 popc1vrj n/..tupa tT)c; npwt~c; µaOKac;, unrjpxe µta nt~ou/...a nA.aicootpwµtvri -µtxp1 0,50 q>upl>oc; Ka1 Uljloc;- rrou xpe1a<;6tavE yta tpant<;1 KOi icaetotpO yui qiuA.aY6tav E1t0V(J) nona npaµata: «Anavw EKEi un1)pxave navta Ota7tooo)'.aptc; (~11:ya/..€c; 1tllAIVr.c; ACKOVEc;) µc to ~1v6ya/..o, OKE1taOµE\Ice; µi; pOO)'.a yta va otatr,pouv otaeepii eEpµOK'f)OO(a. EKE( ~tfoa ~(;ave to ya/...a µc non a Kai uotepa an6 24 <i>pec; iitav f.totµo TO ~1v6yaA.o (ytaot)pn nrixt6 Kat i;iv6) nou yta vo mrnxa(vu Oto n1'~tµo, Otatripouoav nriv<a cinA.utcc; nc; AEKUVEc;, y1a va Eivm 9uµ(l)J.itvcc;, 6nooc; cAtyavE. An6 to l;tv6ya/.o 600 nep(OOEU€, TO o~poyYi<;avi: µtoa Ota TOT)µ(oicta (~11Kpa K(J)VIKO ICaA.ouma arr6 poop/...a) k"Clt Kcivavc TT)V ~lVOµu<;r)epa £itE tO /;epa{vaVE Kat ytvOtaVE TO v6onµo ~tvotup1 ... Enavoo otriv ne<;ouA.a pp101C6tav aK6µri tva µloopaptAO llC yi:pi; apµr,, nou Ol KE<paAOµavtpitcc; ~rjvaVE µfoa 'ti µavoupa, Koµµtvri oi: tptywv1Kouc; vtciKouc; Kai 11 aut~ qinaXvave to tou/.ouµotup1 yta TO onitl touc;. navw an6 tT)V £10000, ~Ali oc µia Ocp(oa elxavc tT) Otori tou Kat cpuA.ay6tavr. tva XPri-

MANQAH I. 'PAPPA

IIOIMENIKA NAEIAKH AAOrPA<l>IA - H00rPA<I>IA AvtiKpu an6 to KOUICOPO tT)c; navay1ac;, (HOV UT] N1K6/...a, rjtaVC 10 na/...16 ~mvTpoKaOim tou Kato<iyp1/...a, µr. mu<; ~marnuc;, nc; µavtpi:<; Kat tt<; npooti:yafa;c; mu, nou 6A.ot µtoa otov tono TO <;ri/...eliuvc. EKci tpapouoc ypaµµtj o ylpoc;, 6Tav tqicuyc an6 t · aA.cilv1 y1a va Ko1tci!;c1 Km va µEivc1 rjouxoc; nwc; 01 oou/...r.1£<; Kavov1Ka y1v6tavc Kl un6 Kr.i, citi: va µnJ1~1:1 tT) q>Ctlvtj yw on otpaP6 Kl avano0o tpA.rnc va yivctm. 0 a11NtK6A.uc;1)1avc i:va antpuvto nrjµa, rrou µtoa pp101e6tavc ot K6no1 Km 0t /5oul..£1VE<; tou an6 1a v1cita 1ou µtxp1 orjµr.pa. 'OAo J1tave m;pnpaq>1uoµcvo1 Kat µi: noA.A.<i i:owteptK<i ni:tptva xwpio~tata KOi ~txwpa TO ~teya/.o Otµa, KaAO«j>paµtvo K(ll KAaOtoµtvol, µE tO 7t1HCV0 TOU ociooc; Kat µ£ ta OtOAlOtpaJ µ{;oa OTTJV anavcµia toU poptci. :Etriv ICOAUtCpT) Otori yiu V(l qialve101 (l7t0 naVtoU, rjtavr: Ktwµl:vo.; o µa(;rn116c; tou µe ta nootoa4 <Ou, rrou q>avra<;r. otov arrav(I) Kat tov KQt(J.l torro, oav p1y/...ci1opac;, nou 6no1oc; rjtav CKci, nou/...i nctouµcvo va ni:rvouoc, Ga t6PAr.nE. t.1nA.a tou rjtav T] µcivtpa, KaAoq>paµtvri KOi KAaotoµtvri. xwptO~!Cvri OTU 0UO, 1t0U an6 TO µ&Ol(lKO XWptoµa lTOU)'.C TO Otaupooµa OTT) ptm1 tµnmvcc; oto !;olpcivTpt. 6riA.. ri µavtpa i:xe yr.vi Kl) eioofo (to otaupw11a) nou f:µnmvi:i:; <HO l;wµavtpt ano auto tµnatvcc; otri 8c1'nep11 om owµavtpt rrou otriv Eioooo tou untjpxav 3 - 4 K<i81otpa an6 µovoK6µµata ayKoovcip1a nou Ka06taVf; 01 PooKol µe touc; upµwuc; Kt o icaOtvac; <ipµcyc µtoa ta 01Ka tou <;wv-rav<i, nou OtT) ouvtxna nr.pvo1)oav otriv r.~<1iµavtpa. J\iyo rr10 ntpa pp10K6tavc 01 npooti:yciocc; (otauA.01) no1J xpovta rrupa xpov1a 6tav o T01IO<; OnCpVOtaVE, SE)'.ClµcllVla/;avE µtoa ta :(Ovtpa i;wvtaVO. 0aVt0t'l µtoa otouc; rnixouc; Kat <na Kovnva m:<;ouA.1a, unl)pxave µ1Kptc; Kat µi.:yaA.cc; tpum:c; Kaµooµtvec; mtaut1Koui;, yta va µnaivouv µtoa t · apv6p1q>a (ta pu<;acnapouo1a) Km t' appwotriµtva <;oovrnva oc 7tEpt0p10µ6, y10 {;va Kpiotpo Ot<iotr,µa. Mrrpoc; an6 TO µnlito Km tri µcivtpa, PptoK6tavc µ1a or.1p<i an6 6 - 7 miKttc; evui11i:vi:c; ,, µ1a µr. tT)V aAAT), 1(01) 01T) OKIU TOile; ~cirr/...oovav ta 1CaA.oK<lip1a y1ava KOtµT)OOLlV 01 PooKo{, ana KOi ta np6~ata ni:pvouoav an6 Karn OAT) n1v KOljlT) tOll µeoriµcpwi>. To Katw µtpoc; tou :(OOptaq>tOU -to mo i0to- l)tuv evtt/...ci>c; ~E)'.Ctlf)O, Kat 1putcptvo OTT) or.1pa an6 µ1 icptc; EA.ttc;. 'nou µ6A.1c; ~1naivav1: otov Kapn6. To un6Ao1no aVT)Cj>OptK6 µi:poc; npoc; to 1rnpqiap1 rnu ari NtK6A.a, -anavr.µ1<i tou pop1<irjtuvc yeµarn an6 µi:yri~-Ec; 0K1v1tc;, q>(o£c;, ayp1/...1tc; Km np1v1tc; Kai ncp1q>puyµtvo µ • UljlTJAOuc; tpaq>auc;. Aut6 rjtavc TO (i{:µa tOU, JtOU XPOVlO napa xrov1ci C~CtcA.cuavr. ~1toa ta ycvvritoupw t0uc; ta <;(l)vtava tou Kat nr.pvouaav nc; :(IOVltc; oixu>c; va nc; Kata/...ci~ouvc. Triv OAAT) xpovtci, •riv tpya<;av aA.Aou, y1atl 0 t07t0<; alltOc; ec.ivat 01tapµ{;voc;, aAA<i K(lL ycµOTO<; an6 to µavtaKa, ltOU aµa Oa ~t)'.Elp(~Vta<;av CKEI ea ~CK'civavr: ta i;1J>vtav<i. To nootoo aut6 -tou arj N1K6A.arjtav to rnuKT)oµa t01J ytpou M av WAT). T) oax<uA1/56netpa -6nwc; t/...eye- aAA.a Kai rn ,µapa<;1 tT)c; <;cone; tou. rtari neflcivavc t • apoi:v11Ca tou nmotli µ11epa, rrou Oa rnuc; t601v1: npo1K16 Kt an6 tic; otavaxwp~c; txa0t; Kat tri yuvai Kn tou noA.u vta. r1 · auto, nap· 6A.o rrou an6

xp6v1a t6xe one; Kopec; rou npoucoooopevo, aK6µa orjµepa, t.va np(101vo q>UAAO vaPAE7t¬ xdrto PlXtriµtvo, tpa<;i; tu; q>(J)v{;c;· r)ei::A.c va to vo1ro61:1 nooc; sivrn ornv d;a vrou aK6µa (nooc; to 1:~ouo1ci<;i:1) KQl va to Otaq>CVtEU£1 µtxp1 nou ea nd)<ivct. ' Aµa o Katmiyp1).ac; i:q>tavi; ncoo exsi, rirovc T) ropa n1c; npOOIvrjc; apµeyicic; (IO - 10.30) Kl 6A.o ro npoommxo -Po0Kapoo81a Kat vo1Ko1euprj81:c;- pp101Cthav1: one; oopaptc; rouc anaox6!.riocc;. Porouoc av q>avr)KavE Ta xaµtva i;u)vtava nou A.einavE cno Xt£c; -apya Kai ;.:iA.<iptaKt i:Kavi: rrapatrjprioi:c; orouc vcooc, yiati q>Epv6tavc UOKT)µO OTU <;oovtavci Kat t(J)V El.qi:: «O 'A0p(J)noc; nou {; Xru)£pyi;1 K(ll {; KaVaK£Pyc1 ta i;oovtava, 7tOti:c; TOlJ {; ea uno · utci xa'fp1 Kat rr(loKorrri Kat va ro ~i;rnr:". I. · Otav 6A.a ctmµa~6tavi: yta to tupoicoµriµa, (/JOOva<;avc to ytpo Mavrol..ri av rj8£AE va mitt va Porier)oe1· tic; m;p1006ttpec; q>opf.c; nrjya1 vi; µ • cuxapiotriori K1 6/...01 touc; tov napaKol..ou0ouoav oav µaerit0Mi1a, yiat' eixi: tT) qirjµ11 mu KaA.ou tupoK6µou. Kov<l.i otri µ1.ivtpa rjtavE K1 o µname; nou ~1toa wpoKoµoooave· ouo )'.ttottc; Kol..wvi:c; an6 ~1:poA.ie1, xwpi<;aw: to wom:ptK6 mu oc tp1:1c; 11<i0Kcc;. mriv nr<iln1 noutav TO V0lKOKUpt6, ci)'.E np6)'.Etpo ti;<iKt µc 6A.a ta XPEtaoto1a TOI) µayi:t pt OU. r' aun\v npwtoµnatvcc; µfoa -Koµµtvoc; ota ouo arr6 to paeiJ OKU\j/1µ0an6 µta onvrj Kat xaµT)Arj rr6pta, nou t1Ch1vt µ • tva papu nopt6q>uHo, rnµooµtvo an6 xovtpo1eoµ~1tva aypt6~uA.a. 'Otav tKl..1:1v1:, ampaAt~<'>tavc ota oiyoupa µi: µta n£A.oop1a moeptvta a~mcipa Kat oav avo1y1: Otptq>Oyupt(;E £1tOVOO 0' {;va y£p6 ~UAO, to Otptq>OyK£pO, (cvoiµtvo µ£ 1T)V aKpT) tile; n6ptac;). (To KcXt(J) µtpoc; tOU Otplq>OyKi:pou • otpoyyu/..cµlvo Kat µaicpouA.6, tµnmvE or. AaKKoupa 7t0UtaV ),ai;cµtvri Oto Kattq>AtO, 7tl0(J.) ano TO Aaµmi (1ri µnapaota8a). fao i:navw, ri liKPTJ TOu otpoq>6y1C£pou t1matve oc µta tpurra nou' EXE tva op1<;6vt10 aypt6~u/...o, noutav xnoµtvo µ{;oa ornv toixo. nio(J) arr6 TO avooq>A.to. Mi: TO civo1yµa Km to KAEimµo tou µ11citou ano to tpi1j11.µo tric; pap1ac; n6ptac; µ£to 1eatci1cp/...1 tpymvc µ10 01ptyyA1ci 01arrepaot1Krj,7t0t) OKOuy6tavc 1tOAU µaKpt<i. ft auto ocv r)tav cuKO).o va KA.Eioc1c; Kat v' avoil;c1c; µna10, xoopic; v' aKOOOOl>V Ot ycn6vo1, JtOAU 0£ rrep1006tEpo va K/...tljl€tc;, 11c 1Et0t0 cn'.lcnr,µa ouvayEpµou). Mct<i TO apµeyµa, Kaec O~ll)'.TT)c; EKoupaA.ouoc tOV apµE6 TOU µE TO yaAa ~tl:oa Oto µmito -CKEl OTTJV npci>tT] µaoKa, 7t0UtOV Kl 11 mo q>wt&prj- Km to oavet<;t oto ouvtpoq>6 tou nou rnpoKoµouae. '01..ri autl) ri 81ao1 Kao(a noll yivttat a1C6µa orjµi:pa -Elva 1. TJ low un6 TO navapxata xp6v1a. 6T1A.. T) niotooOT] K(ll T] £~6q>AT)OT) oriµEtWVCtal cncivw Oto xapaKt. «Entt'> Jt0t) oou ocilvw, c vto P<ivw Oto xapcilCt, OT)A. oc oc XPCWV(J) Oto xapii;et)1>, £/...tyave aK6µa Ota )'.POVta ~IOU. 2. Mtoa oto µ11ato, oc ctotKl) Otori, f.lxc o KciOi: PooK6c; ta xapciKta toU -EV(l /;E)'.Wf)IOtO, y1a 10V ICOe' tva oUVtpOq>O toU 7t0ll mu Mvi:1<;c ya/..a. (To xapaK1 1jtavc µta ptpya ayp1/...ittKT), xovtprj 600 to Oci)'.tUAO, xwpic; K6µnouc;, 111'Kouc; 50 EK. tOU µttpou Kai oriµaor.µtvo to i:navoi tou µtpoc;). Mc T1l octpa tou o rnOt~

01µ0 epya/.£io yta to PooK6, T) oicciA.a µc tov KOUtoaKapri Kat tT) oqir)va. (01 Pooicoi 1ric; µavtpac;, uotcpa an6 µta anl..r\ µrixavtKr) Kat i:pyaoia, -µ · autci- K<ivave an6 nc; npop1tc; twv <;oovtavwv ou~iµta· tva npaµa np<i>tT)<; avciyicric; y1a TOv ~wtcipri tric; i:noxrjc; EKEtVt]<;). 4. :Eto µeotaK6 µcpoc; TOu µ1tatou, y1v6tavr. t0 rupoicoµriµn, cKEi r\tav otriµtvo cnav(J) oi: yi:;pouc; rrupoµcixouc;6 to µi:yciA.o ica<;a~1 µi: to yaA.a an6 •ri µ1a Kl an6 tT]v <ii.Ario wp6oKaµvoc;. Aic6µri tva µ11ep6 µ100PapeAo µE icueap6 'VEp6 Kl tva aOEtO y1a va tptxe1 µfoa 0 tOipoc; Otav OP:(Li;E TO tUpOK0µ16. rupoo OtoU<; tol)'.Ouc; 6A.ric; tT)c; µ<iaKac;, unrjpxav Otpioi:c;, 1:1811ea p<iq>ta Kat rroUtc; unoSoxtc;, nou oaut<i cixc TT)V etori TOU µ6vtµa, TO K<i6e )'.ptta<;ot)µcVO OTO 1upotc6µriµa. 01 nunl:c; OE KaAOOKE7taoµtva nr)A.1va ICOUpouma alotq>Ctlta, rjtavc ptoa one; ecpioec;, ta tupop6/...1a µi:yaA.a K~1 µ11epa ~at ta. tmµioKta to tva µtoa 010 ci/...A.o, oto 01K6 touc; paq>1 Kat OtnA.a t aKouA.01)µna7• :Et µta Papta µapµap6nAaKa ljlt/...oKonavwµtvo aAan, anapaitrito y1a tov tupo1C6µ0 Kai otri ori touc; TJ µeyci/...ri <punritrj icoutciA.a, o Katoayp1AinKOc; tapaxtrjc; Kat to µouvti, an6 KOTOUVI q>UAAOU q>OIVIKlcic;8. LTTJ µaoica noutav oto paeoc;, nou 6tav npwt6µnaiv& icavcic; q>mv6taVE 0EOOKOtElVT), ~PlOKOTavc n<iyKOl oav tpant<;1a an6 aypt61;uA.a Kat xovtpa µaKpta oavlo1a icpi:µaoµtva an6 ta ooKcipta. Enavw o' 61.a auto l)tav apao1aoµtvo to apocv1K6 rupi (to Ktq>aArjoo) Kai to a06tupo (ri si:pr) µu<;tj0pa) y1a va tpaPr)l;ouvi;: Kat Va ltQVE Ot11 01.JV£)'.tta yta nou/...r,µa. J\tyoo16 1)tavt tO q>ooc; 1tOU E~malVC µfoa Oto µttQTO, OTTJV apxrj an6 TT] )'.aµT]Ar) 1t6pta Km oTo tl:A.oc; arr6 µ1a µaicp6ot£vr, xapaµcioa, n1v na/...aiotpa, _ 6nooc; tri AtyaµE- tto1 6tav tµnmvtc; ~1toa, otriv apxr) q>atv6tave OKOTEIVO, OAAQ <iµa TO £01.Jvrjet~E<; rjtaVE Ott r.xp1:1a~6tavc yta vu µT] µna(ve1 µtoa µuya.

x

et-

on

I:av nrjymvc 0 ytpo MavwA.rii; yia tupoK0µ16, tµnatVE xapouµEvoc;· _avtoKou~mwvc µtxp1 erravw ta µaviic1u tou, nA.uv6tavi: KaAci Kt tOEVE tT)V K£<paArj tou µc µtav cionpT) µavtl)/...a, ltOU aqirivt Kat cpmv6tavt ~ovaxa to npoown6 tou. Meta xaoEUe µi: ta MxwA.a Kat ttc; na/.aµi:c; tou no/...Atc; q>optc;, ta KOvta tou ytvta Kat ta µouotliKta tOU, yta VQ p(~El tcci0c tpixa, 7tOOtaVC ouvat6 va 7tCOl:t µtoo oto 01aqiopo ( to tupi nou rnpoKoµouoi:). 'EKave µEta to ota~p6 tOU IC I EKcie1<;e 0. tva alj/T)AO KOUtooup1, noutav nA<ir Oto Ka<;avt, avt1Kp1ota µc to yaµnp6 TOu, nou O<iKoui;: 11c npoooxrj tic; oor,yii:c; ~OU Sa tOUOtv_c 0 yl:povtac;. M6A.1c; iitave £to1pri 11 ~uµri tT)c; µavoupac; (TOu npwtou tupo1eoµe1ou) Eotaupwvc to Ka<;av1 Kt tnmpvE EV(l - tva ta µi:y<iA.a rnpo~6A1a, noutav apaotaoµtva navw otov tupooicaµvo, ta ytµ1<;1: µt)'.pt cnavoo Kl 6tav crtpayyi<;avt A.Iyo <op6yaA..o, tciq>£pvi: niow oto tup6oKaµvo ... Mttci to mtttiKWVE ICaA~ KOi tliq>T]VE V(l Otpayyi<;ouve µt)'.pt TT)V QAAT) µl:pa, o1t0tE TWV aA.Aai;t 0foT) µfoa OTO tupop6At --<ptpvovtac; to KQtCtl arrav(I)- Kat t(J)V t.pa<;£ OTO EJtQV(J) µtpoc; tva xtp1 aAcitl. Me rrpoooxrj µ£tQ q>p6vt1i;t Va Ka0aptotEi TO tup6ya/...o (on ci)'.£ µeivc1 µfoa oto Ka<;av1) µa<;euovta<; µe µla tpunrirl) KOutcil..a ta µ11Cpa KoµµatOKta tric; µavoupac;, 7tOU)'.aV KataicaeioEt OTO Ka~OVl. I:q>(yyov<cic; Ta OE µtoa Ota xtpta tou, OE µtKpouc; PU>/...ouc;, tKavc y1a ta eyyovliKta tou µ11epci tUpciKta, nou ta Atyaµi: KOµµooc;. Mtoa ow tup6yaA.o tni:q>tt to yciA.a tT]c; ppa81vr\c; ap~u:y1ac;, TO ppao~ta --On(l)c; to AtyavE- 'r6ppa<;av Ka/...a Kl epyOJ;avE tllV aorrpT] na)'.Et<i Km µaA.aKtci oav Pourupo µu<;i;Opa (to u06tupo). · Aµa r)tav f:totµT) tqit:pvt triv tpunritl'i Koutli/.a oto Ka<;avt TTJ ytµ1<;£ µu<;r)Gpa l;i:µanotrj K1 aq>ou otpayyt<;e A.Iyo, tT)v tqiepvi: otov tup6oKaµvo K1 anoytµ1<;e ta tupop6A.ta y1a va Kaµc1 t • u06rupa. I:av tEACt(J)ve to rupoK6µriµa, Pori0oooE --<tHci Kl anattouot- ea KaAont.ueouv ta XPEtaoiota TOI) rnpoKOµtou Km va µnpo~IUTlOTOUV (va yuptotouv avanooa) y1a va otpayyloouvE. Meta Emotatwvtac; q>p6vni;E vapyouv E~W ta IHOopapi;/..a µE tO t<lpo

o J6

~ - ' ly~

~

i

--~{ .~ I 1va1a

:.s.0o

~

37


Tlotuevnai

ro uavtpoxo/Ikn rov Karoiivpiia Kaµta Of.Kapt<i.». M. auto rj0EAEva JtEl, JtW<; aµa 0Ec; v<i.xctc; CwV<ava, nptnet va ta q>povtil;;Etc; ait6 q>ai Kt an6 vep6. 'Aµa EttA.c1wvc o ytpoc; nc; µ1KpoSouA.1tc; tnatpve y<iA.a yA.uKi, ~tvoyaA.o Kat µul;;r\Opa Kl E(j)£UYE y1a TO KaUKapo tT]c; navayt<ic;, JtOt} E'KEl 10V nEptµtvave 01 K6pr.c; 1ou µc ta eyyov<i.K1a tou y1a va ScrnvrjoouvE.

Kat t · a1to1tA.uµata, yta va rorcroov oi oKuA.ot, ta voupoovic t11c; ~Hivtpac;, ~txwpa one; 01 Kl:c; roix; youpvi:c;. 'OA.01 µfoa orov 161to T6xavc va to Hvc, itwc; o ytp°'; Mavw).ric; <iµa ropoxououoe, tµotaCc uc ytpo nnnri, due cli.cttoupyoum; 0111v ciyia Tp<im:Ca. 5. Tnv T]µtpa £'tOU1T] 6µcuc; 0 Katcr<iyptli.ac;, Ssv £µJttjK£ Ka06),ou O'tO rupoxojno, OU1C KUl rou (j)WVa~c covc«; va JtQCl KOVta' r\rove unoopouvrccuevoc µc roix; yaµitpouSec; mu, ywti rrov dxc rnµwµcvcc; itapattjprioi:c; Kai <pwvaxTtc; µ<iA.toTa unpoc rri o • 6li.ooc;, JtOU TOile; &Ar.yr.: «Ma JtOU (O)a Jtclf.\ ma srooro TO x<ili.t, vcpXE1:1ll o TCoucivric; crtou to xwp16 111 µitcioa vnusoc µr. tps«; - rsoccp«; KaP<ili.r.c; xwpic; citci vcixel KUµ1u vopia vo tat q>optrovct ta ~uli.a Km vo ta ncoivci va ta Jtouhi oro xwpto ... 61twc; nuct TO itpuµa oc A.1(y)aK1 Sc Oa aq>1lKU <pioa Kat 0K1v1<i uso ' to Saowvcip1 roiv Flupucruov Kt code; cvr«; va too ncirs va ),cinETat cxo nci, TO vi: Ka(A.)00KaµviCE1e Kai Kcivtte Km tm(y)cipo µaCi vrou .,;» 'OA.ot TT]V wpa EtOtC<; Ol yaµitpouSE<; tOU E~EpOKataJtiVaVE Kat KOn<iCavc 6/i.o xciµcu, xwpic; va TOU Otpt<pouve uicv a1tUV'tT]011, £ore Kat \VCU'ttKta yta KaJtota otKatoli.oyia· ytati KataA.apaivave nwc; o ' curd nou tA.qe o ytpoc;,cixc xi A.la SiKta. l:c A.iyo, tvac; PooK6c; Kone/,1cipric; rjp0e Kl cincvc nwc;: «O Tl;;ou<ivric; itW:t iti:pci us ta µou(/.)cipta vrou (y)ta tu Flupdo nu». 0 ytpoc; f.'t6tec; Scv €Kpattj011Kc, Kl cpyrjKCV t~w uno Ta pouxa TOO Kat ouv JtCVT]Vt<ipT]c; r\tpe~c Kl avt[3T]KEV 07!0 10 1tlOCtJ µl:poc; too µ udroo undvoi OTO Oroµa. M6A.tc; avrixproe rov KaPaA.6.pri, µfo • to uovond n nou miEt )'ta ta Flupuo nc, va otpVEl moto rou co moep68poµo ta µoo/...<ipie -1to1hav to Ka0l:va Si:µtvo crov morvo crcupo rou unpoorrvoe oaµapiou- tKaµe 'X.CJ)vi r«; naA.<iµec; 100 µnpoo1ci mo crouo tOU KUl TOuµm1~c JtaotptK<i Kl av<piKta tll <pwvtj: «TO JtCOO 00\l va(U)<i~Clc;, Tl;;oo<iv11. cit<i µfo' to 1taio1 itoijµaOec; Kat peptpveic; (y)ta fla om> (j)EpOouµcve (y)afoopv<i ...... M6),1c; rjKouocv 111 q>wvtj 10u ycpou o TCouciv11c; cKovTpw011KEvc, £0T<i611Kc oav va rnup6e xovrupui, C~EKaPaA.lKCIVE oc A.iyo Kat myci - cny<i Ytlptoc n[om, 11016c; ~tpct, ytu TO X,Wpt6 Eite yt' <iA.Ao roxo yta va K<ivct ta ~u/i.a tOU EKEi. 0 ytpo MavwA.ric; EcrWOE Kl autr\ r11 q>op<i TO Saowv<ipt Ota napaotta an6 t0v aq>avioµ6, aA.),ci Kt ecncptwoe TT] q>rjµri tou otouc; 0oUA£UT<iSec; tOU KQI touc; OUVT07titcc; tOlJ. run( rjTUVE OT' aA.rjOcta, o q>6Poc; Kat o Tp6µoc; o<ouc; ~Evoµnao<iprioec; n · apx6rnvc yta ~UA(l Kl aypt.A.tl:c; yia µctaq>thEt>µa Kl f.lC(lTOAT]OTEt)avc TO vt6no. Ma 6not0c; an· aurnuc; Si; Oa cruµµopqiwv6tavE one; npootayf.c; TOil, l:atr.pvr. otT] ottyµrj tvav 1Co1tcli.1c:ip11, µc tT]V r.vtoA.rj, va 10u KO\Vf.t ta OKOtvt<i an6 ta oaµ<ipta (viyAE<;, motA.ivi;c;, ~inpoottA.ivi;c;) y1r1 va µT] µitopouvc va q>optwOouvc ta ~uA.a. Ot ~l:vot A.110Tonr.pcitEc; -6rcwc; tou £A.Eye o yl:poc;- Jtou KU0T]µEptvci q>t<i.vavE µfoa otov T6no, yta Koupocµa, 6tav o KatociyptA.ac; rjtav cKr.i, Sc µitopouoav va ornOouvc µtcra OTO Mapa66. Kat 01;v r.ixavc ttc; itA.<inc; al..A.ovou vt6mou votKOKUpTJ. l:av tycpvc o rjA.wc; Kl rj8c/...c ma tva Kov1ap6~uA.o yta va paot/,tljlct, <a Kon<iS1a pc touc; pooKouc; Kat touc; oKuAouc; an6 KOVT<i -~txwpa ta 1tp6paTa Kpatouoav ta 10011atep<i, ta oc KatoiKta m<ivavE tt<; nA.ayitc; Kat oKapqiaA.wvavE ow fip<ix.ia <pmv6tavr. an6 ~1aKptu apaStaoµtva yta 111 pooKrj. 0 rtpoc; q>p6vT11;;r. va rai'otouv µc tup6yaA.o 10 KOUAOUKtaq, noutav KACtoµtva one; tpurccc;, va P<i/,ct rnuc; µtKpouc; n a1t6µc1vav CKcl cyyapEia, va Katappt~ouvt ttc; auA.tc; Kat 11c; µ<ivTptc; Kat va ttc; oapwoouv KaAa µc ttc; µi:y<iA.cc; KaUovitc; noux.av yt autrj tT] Sou/,ct<i. $p6vtt{;c aKOµa yta v<iµm:1 q>ai Kat vEp6 or' appwotmttva Kat x.tunriµl:va Cwvtava, itou pp10K6tavc nep1op1oµtva ottc; µey<iA.1:c; tpuitcc;. l:av tPA.cn£ Jt(ll(; oon: q>ai OUtC vcp6 Eixavc -Kl <iµa Scv ta <pp6vnCc ea µcivavE VTJOTtK<i Kat Otljlaoµtva, Kouvrovmc; 111v K£q>aA.rj rou, i:ytip1~£ Kat tlJ.lV t>..eyr.: uMoupl: µ. av Etpwav Ol OKUAOI KAa01<i, eaxa

EnE3HrHI:EI:E I. nepttpaq>taoµtvo - Cw: DeTptyupiCw tva Ktr\µa µc ~epoA.i0tvo q>pax.111. 2. KA.ao1oµtvo - l;w: Encivw oTo A.i0lvo <PP<iXtTJ 1tcTpffivovTa1 ayp16KA.a8a, nou OUT£ <iv0pwnoc; yia Cwvmv6, tov nepvouor.. 3. Ta ot<iA.10Tpa - C(J.): Ta mo Kat<iAA.11>.a µtp11 (8ao6tono1 a1tovi:µ1tc; tou popt<i) nou ~EX.Etµwvt<il;ouv Ta myonp6Pata. 4. MaCwµ6c; µE ta nool:oa: H aypo1Kia µE ta unootanK<i TT]<;. 5. I:(j)paytoµtva ljlwµt<i.: K<i0c KuptaKr) ortpvave OT11 µ<ivtpa ta IV(J.)µt<i tT]<; pooµ<i.Sac; µa!;r.µl:va, yta va 1a yvwpioouv OtT] µ<i.vtpa T(l oq>payiCave Ol VOlKOKupl:c; (µe 111v OlKOYEVCtaKr\ oq>payiSa nou oq>payiCav ta l;wvwva). 6. 0 0up6µa'X,O<; - Ot: faOtKE<; !tEtpc<; µe (lVtoXrl OTT] (f)WtlQ1tOU otr) ptl;;av TO KaCavt. 7. To aKouJ..ouµm - ma: Koµ~ttva q>A.aoKta, itou yw6tave Sox.du µl:Tpou Kat Emt6mac; µeTa<pop<i.c; y<il..aKtoc;. 8. To Mouvti - ~w: ME to Ko10avt q>l>J..A.ou q>o1vtKt<ic; oal..euw apy<i. Kat 0111 ouvtxcta tov ncirn tou Kal;;avtou ~1£ ro y<il..a. 9. Ta KOl>AOUKta - Kt: Ta noMµtKpa oKuA.aKta. 10. To nEptµtvavE 01 KOPE<; va Semvtjoouv: Doti: T] OlKoy€vtta tou PooKoo OEv nt1ya1ve va eyKataota0Ei OTT] µcivtpa -y1a nol..A.01'>c; A.6youc;- ea touc; aitaoxoA.ouoav an6 rn; SouA.e1€c; rouc;, 0£ 0r.wpouoav TT] µc:ivtpa U')'ElVO ~·tpoc; µE Tl<; KOltptf.c; Kat to OJtAT]vc:iv0paKa itou unrjpx.e <6<E K.<i.

I:TEAIOI: IlAPAPAI:

A' H

1tapci~00'1l

yia tll

L'X,OlVOltOtla A.tyeTat T] 1E)'.VT] tT]<; KataOKEUr\c; O)'.OlVlclJV. rvmPiCouµE 6A.01, 6n ta oxo1v1a rra)..a16tepa KaTaoKeuciCovtav ait6 ivec; Kavapwu r\ TCiPac; K(ll an6 i VE<; (j)UttKl:c;. Enioric; Kata01(£t)Ol;;ovtav an6 oupµaw (oupµat6oxot va). Tropa 1EA£Utaia KataoKwaCoV<at Kat an6 vai:A.ov. H xpr\0111wv OXOlVlclJV dvat noUanAr). Lt'l Na~o' oµwc; Kat IC\Jp(ooc; OTOV KaA&;uA.o T] O'X,OtV01t0tta rjtaV T] KataOKEUrj O'X,OlVtrov an6 rpfxec;KatU1K1wv. :EE Kavtva A.E~tK6 SE St<iPaoa 611 Kataoicwul;;ovtav ox.mvt<i ait6 11c; tpi)'.E<; tT]<; yiSac;. Mou tKaµe Se aut6 TCEp1tpyE1.a, itwc; va µ11yvwpiCouv01 e181Koi 6u Kat an611c; tpiXE<; TT]<; KatoiKac; yivovtav ox.01v1c:i. Triv 1txvri TT]<; crxo1vo1toti:ac; Otov KaM~uA.o (itou rjtav yvoootr\ arr. 1(1 naAtci xp6vta) tT]V EPY<i~ovmv µ6vo T] OlKOyCVEl(l tWV noo<ivtl;;riSwv, ytaut6 TOU<; EAEY<lv Kat :Exotv<ioec;. 0 npwrnc; yvwot6c; crxowac; nou yvwp[l;;ouµE r)tav 0 Eµµavour)A 611µ. Oooc:ivrl;11c;, nou ea tl;11oe nEpi to 1820-1850. Tov MavwAci"TJ noo<iV<sTJ S1astx8riKe otriv 1txv11, an6 tov ono[o Kat S1SciXtT]KE, 0 yt6c; tOU L\11µr\tp1oc; Eµ. noociV<l;;T]c;. Tov tl..Eyav OTO xwPt6 µac; L\T]µr)tpaKa ytaTi rjtav IVTJA.6c; Kat yep6c; civSpac; Kat 6nwc; tx(J.) aKouoc1 tiµwc; Kat note SE µtTaxe1piot11KE triv na>.1Kap1ci · tou yia EnioEt~T] SUvaµ11c;. 'OA.01 tov otpov1av Kat tov ayanotioav Oto xwp16 Kat 11 yvroµ11 tOU OE St<iq>opa Crirr\µata TWV ourxwPl<lvcilv Tou Eixe Kupoc; Kat y1v6wv oepa01r\ an6 6A.ouc;. Tov L\T]µr)tp10 noo<ivTl;;T] StaOC)'.tT]KUV OtT]V 1txvri Ol ou6 an6 rnuc; £1t1Q Ytouc; tOU 0 Mt'X,UA11<; .:\. noociV'tsTJ<; KOl 0 :Eitupoc; L\11µ11rp{ou 0civtCric;. ltOU tq>0aoa Kl eyro. Touc; ou6 1tapa1tavw 01a8£xtl1K~V 0111oxo1vo1to1la01 ytoi TOU M1xciA.11 NtK61..ac;, AT]µr)TpT]c; Kat KOlOtac; Kat wu I:nupou o y16c; rou 611µr\1pric; 0 L\11µr\rp11c; epyaotritee tva S1cio111µa µE tov naTtpa rou 6nwc; Kato Kworac;, aH<i vwPic; EyA.artA.Etljlav tT] ttxvri 01 Mo <iA.Aot ouvEpyaotT]Kav 1t~Hci XP6vta (o NtK6A.ac; Kat 0 AT]µr\tpT]<; 101) rnupou) Kal e~aOKOUOav triv 1txvri. rtriv apxrj to ox.oiv<iot KO 1wv Jtattpwv 10uc; rj'tav Otov KaA.6~UAO, Kat Kat6m OTO Kt{pto tT]<; Opwt06p6vou OtO XuA.Ki. Meta aq>rioe rriv rtxvri 0 L\T]µr\tpTJc; Kat 111v ouv£x.1oe µtXPt tov ltEpaoµtvo xp6vo 0 NtK6Aac; noo<i.vTC11c; OTO oxo1v<iotK'O touc; OTO KaA.6~UAO. H µovaStKrl nprotl) ul..T] JtOU XPT]Otµ01tot~t)0av OTT] KatOOK£Utl tWV O'X,OlVlWV rjtaV T] tpixa tWV KatcrtKtWV, 7tou 0111 Na~o n<i.vtote Tptq>ovtat noHtc; Kato{Kec; Kat OtKOOlttc;

once;

no-

.::%

ft .

.dil

J~\~

Kat PooK[or.c;.

(~//1

H Kata<JK£U1\ trov axoiv16>v

, <JXOlV01t0tta

O'tll

tva oaKOUAl: µavtr\A.t rl, toouPaA.t ttc; tpixec; T(l)V KQTOlKlclJV rnuc;, 6Tav tic; Koupwav. Eitavw oto oaKouA.t r\ to 1aouP<iA.t typaq>av ro 6~oµa rove; Kat. to xwp16 rnuc; yta va ~tpouv o1 oxoiv<iOE<;ti voe; Aa ~tvat TO crxotvt yta va to Stoouv µtt<i. tT]v KataoKwr) ~IE 10 oaKOUA.t 1ou 11 TO tcrouPaA.1 Kat va µnopEi va TO ~pci 0 napayytHovt.ic; 10 6Tav ~a epxoTav va 10 miptt. 0uµ<iµai, yta<i to crxoivcioiKO rjtav KOVta 010 on[n µou Kat nr\ymva Kc:i0E µtpa EKci, va Eivat yEµ<ito TO µ106 µayaCi an6 oaKouA.ta Kat tooup<iA.ta yEµc:ita Tp[X.E<; y1a va yivouv OX,OlVt<i K(ll 0\ TOi)'.Ot yEµ<itot an6 KUTaOKf.Uaoµtva O)'.OIVta. 0 O'X,Otv~<; {;uy1.Cc to O<lKOUAl µE nc; 1pi)'.E<; Kat rj~EPE Jt60E<; opyt~c; OKO\Vl ea Kaµouv. Mia OKa tpi)'.E<; EKavav tva crxotVi 9 opyttc; 011/...aSrj nr.pinou 15 µttpa. Av 01 tpixcc; EKeivou Jtou rj0r.A.E va ~<iµEt ox.otvi av<iA.oyEc; opyil:c;, Scv tq>0avav,TOu tPa~av ~t ox.01va0Ec; nc; un6A.0tn£c; Kat otriv itA.11pwµrj twv KaµartOKtKWV tOU tna~pva~ Kat TTJV a~iav TT]<; tpix.ac; JtOU TOI) E[xav 1tpo06foet. Ot µtKpEc; tp1x.Ec; EKavav mo yEp<i. oxoivui ait6 nc; Kovtl:c;. EK16c; ait6 tic; itapayyeA.lcc; ox.01v1rov an6 rouc; KatoiKouc; OE n?)..J...ooc; tKavav 01 oxoiv<i~ec; oxoivta an6 S1Ktc; <ouc; tpixec; JtO\l Etxav ayop<ioct an6 pooKouc; Kat noUtc; q>optc; ay6pal;av tpixtc; Kat an6 <iAA.a vrio1<i totaitepa an6 r11v Aµopyo, Kat ta nA.rjpwvav ~~Pata uno)..oyiCovrac; tT]V a~[a 111c; tpixac; Kat twv Ka~iattonKrov. rta K<i6e ox.otvi Ol opytl:c; litatpvav 8-JO Spx.

H KatEpyaa(a tric; tpixac; r~a va KataOKEUao:ouv 1Q OX,OtVlU XP£taC6tav apKttr\ KatEpyaata tT]<; tpixac;. npwr11 epyaoia r\tav tO «<1rfpay1ia». 'Eva µtpoc; rou o~otv<iStKou EIXE oTpw0EI µe oavio1:c;, 6m~ ta Jtatroµata rwv omnrov 4 µttpa µJ1Koc; Kat ouo nAciTOc;, av 0uµciµa1 KaAa, 010 K<itw µtpoc; autou tou JtaTooµarnc; Eixr. 4ec; E~oxtc; Encivw one; oito[ec; otvoVTav 4 ox.01v1a an6 ljltA.6 Kavap1. Ta tfooi:pa auta O'X,Ol VlO µr\KO<; 2,5-3 µ£tpoov litVOV'tOV ato EltOVW µtpoc; o' tva ~UAO aav µ1Kp6 paPoL Auto rjrav to otiPaKtpo. Ot ~xmv<ic; tnatpvE x.wp101c:i :ou Ka0Ev6c; av0pronou n~ tp(x.ec; nou Et'X.E q>tpe1 Kat ttc; or{~aCE. AnA.wvi: nc; tplxcc; cr<o Ka1w µtpoc; tou orifWKtpou, 61troc; rjtav KoupEµtvEc; an6 n~ KaToiKE<;(xwpic; nA.uo1µ0) Kat <ipx.1l;e va ttc; 0<1PaCe1. Ot rpix.ec; µc to otiPaKtpo, ~tvoV'tav Kat y[vovtav oav to ~aoµtvo µaHi Kai JtEti6V<av nloffi a1t6 to otiPaKtpo. 0 axoiv<ic; 6tav tEA.ElwvE TO otifWyµa twv tpixci>v cv6c; av0pci>nou, nc; litatpve µt ta xtp1a 1ou, Km ttc; rono0£roooE µtcra o' tva rcoA.ti µcyc:iA.o Koq>ivt (K6q>a rriv l:Aeyav) Kat an6 E7t0VW tpa~E to OaKOUAl. tooupa>.t rj to µavtrjA.t TOI) lOtOKtr\tTJ. I:uvtxist to 01(puyµa twv oaKOUA1ffiv µl:XPt va ycµlo&i "Tl KOq>a».

H KataaKtut\ trov KJ..rovrov Ta axo1v1a trrp£1t£ va KA<l)otouv 010 uitatOpo Kat otov rjA.to,

38

39


H napcoocn via

TYJ

arotvonoiia

(JTYJ

Nd.C,o

Na(,1aK6. uuxos 17 - 18. OKrwPpws 1987 - <1>cppovdp10s 1988

µE ayKUOtpo) !tOU tT)V KpatOUOE tva µ0..oc; tT)<; 01Koytve1ac; ·tC.UV oxo1vaorov, tptPovi:av yepa Km -rouc; tpeic; orpurevoi»; KArovouc; (ano t~t tlX<lV yiV€l tptt<;) Km 0 OXOlVQ<; 1t€pVOUOI: touc; rps«; KA<i>vouc; µtoa oTO KaA.ount, (to icaAoum r\tav tva ~uX.tvo epyaAdo oxeMv ICUAlVOptKO ti µ6.Uov ICOAOupoc; teci.>voc; µe rpe«; auA.aictc;. To tqmaxvav Kt· auto 01 ~uA.oupyo[). Aeou Ol KAWVOl tµnmvav Oto teaA.oum yuplsovtac; ouvexroc; ta epyaAe16., npoxropofoe o oxo1v<ic; icm ot tpeic; teAci.>vo1 µe to yuptouo ttov epyaA.iwv Kat tT) porj8e1a rou teaAoumvou xrn tTJc; pouteAa<; orplqxovnv icm to otpiq>roµa tq>eave µt-xp1 tic; tpoxaA.iec;. Tote to oxo1vi r\tav tto1µ0. 'EPrase tT) Poute.A(l €1CclV~ 1t01) rnv icpatoooE to eA.euetprove o icataoicwaottjc; ano ta apyaAet<i icm TO µ<iseue !Cat to tocve µe to ioto, 01tCJ)<; µa~eUoµe ta oxo1vt6., toeV€ teat ro novi roe 101otetr\tT) en6.vw. Autr\ r\tav OAI') I') epyaoia ti')<; icataicwr\c; rmv oxo1v1wv. I:xotvt6. ticavav 01aq>6pouµrjKouc;, av6.Aoya noo ta rjeeAe exetvo; noo ta naptjyyt1At. <I>optwµat6.p1Ka, auto nou XPTJotµonot0uoav oi ayroy16.tec;. "Hrnv xovi:p6. Km µaicpui an6 9-15 opytc; to 1<aetva. Ta µ106oxo1va. I:xo1v10 ~uicpOrspou µtjicouc; 5-6 opyitc;. Ta Attapta, mo Atma Km mo xovrd. Aut<i ta xprimµono1ouoav cru onlriu yia µetaq>optc; teAac51ci>v (Ssuorcpuov), va otvouv ta <(~a. Na otvouv oavouc;, ~uA.a A.tma K'.A1t. E1tl0l')<; XPTJOtµ01tOlOUOav oxo1v10 !Cat ore yepav1a Kat Ota µayy6.v1a yta rnv aVtAT)Ol') tOU vepoo Kill yta µnaotoupE<; t(J)V sci>eov. Ta tpix1va oxo1v10 ot aywyuitec; ta nponuouocv ano ta xcvaPtvia, y1ati to 1<avaptv10 orcv ppexotav toq>1yye icm Sev tjtav wµuaxdp1at0, tvw to tpixivo tjmv n<ivta wl..Uyioto Kill snouevroc; euµemxeip1cno. , Otev apx1oav va Ku!CA.oq>opouv Oto eµnopto oxotvta ano tsipa, tote ta tpix1va txaoav rnv a~ia touc; y1ati ta an6 tsiPa rirov us nsprccorepc nA.eoveKttj~1ata teat mya - cnyci 01 oxo1va.oec; tna'Vav vu icataoKeuasouv oxo1v1a. 01 tpiXE<; rors nou ta OXOlVlcl Eixav ntpaol'), O!tW<; otjµepa T)rav a1Cp1ptc; .. Eq>eave I') OICcl 40-45 OPX· 600 µta OK'cl Kptac;. £\EV tq>0avav 01 y106tp1xec; tl')c; N<i~ou o rouc oxo1v<i0Ec; y1a nc; napayytA.iec; 1t0U el'X<lV Kat yla tT)V U(j)<lVttKr\ nou ea OOUµt napate<itro Kat npoµT)Oel>ovtav Kill ano <iA.Aa Vl')ot<i rtov KuKA.<iorov 101altepa an6 tl')V Aµopy6. 01 av0pw7t0l 7tl')ya1votpxovtav Ouµoµat, Kaee µtpa, lOtalttpa tic; Kup1aictc; y1a va mipouv ta oxo1v1<i touc; an6 to oxmv6.c5tico. 'OA.a ta xwpia n1c; Na~ou ticavav tp1x6oxo1va ot0uc; oxo1v<ioec; tOU KaAO~UAOU, 1tOU µe tO En<iyyeA.µa aut6 sotioav ou6 ltOAuµeA.dc; 01icoytve1ec;, q>trox1ic<i PtPata, y1ati ri aµo1ptj n1c; epyaoiac; touc; tjtav ltEVIXPii·

y1aut6 OXOlVlcl bcavav µovo TO K(lAOKaipt. Xropic; tOV tjA.10, oev otpiq>o>vav 01 tpixec; y1a va yivouv 01 teAwvo1, oute otav o ica1p6c; tj'rav uypoc;. Tic; 1pixec; tic; otpiq>wvav otov KaA.O~uA.o oto v6tto µtpoc; TOu auA.oyupou ti')<; EicteA.rioiac; tlJ<; Aylac; Tp16.oac; Kill oTO XaAici enioric; oto v6no µtpoc; tTJ<; EicteAT)oiac; tou XaA.icwu tTJc; nproto0p6vou. fao en<ivro µtpoc; tT)<; auA.tjc; tono0ttouoav tT)V avtµri. H avtµri tjtav µ1a anAtj µT)xavr\ moeptv1a tonoeetT)~ttVl') oe ~UAtVT) oxcoia. H avtµri yupt~e µe xtp1, 6nroc; t0 µayyavt. fupisovtac; yupi~t Kill OUO icapoUAta (µarnpooe<;) ltOU tjtav tOltoeetT)µEVOl Enavro OtT)V ~UAtVT) ox cola Km ouvotovtav Ol µaicapaoec; µE ElOllCO OXOlvi µE tT)V avtµri. faouc; µateapcioec; tjtav tonoOttT)µtva Mo ayictOtpa nou 6tav yup1~av 01 µaKap<ioec; yup1~av Kt· auta, aq>ou tjtav Ot€pta OUVOCOeµtva r.navw CJ' (lUtOU<;. H avtµri µe tT) oxcoia tT)c; Ot£pEwv6tav OE µov1µa ~UA(l nou Eixav tonoeettjoet Ot oxo1 vaoec;. TT)V avtµ T) 6tav tEAdwve ri KataOIC€Url t(J)V OXOtvlWV Triv tna1pvav Oto epyao1rjp16 touc;. 01 oxow6.oec; tnmpvav Tl<; ot1Payµtvec; tpixec; an6 tT)v icoq>a, nc; tPa<av µtoa oe tooupaA.1 ica1 tic; toevav cµnp6c; wuc;. 'EPasav OTO tva ayteuotpo O tvac; Kat OtO aUo O 6.Uoc; Kat yup(sovtac; T) avtµri alto KQltOlO µCAO<; tT)c; OtKOytvetac; touc; otpl(j)WVOVtav Ol Tpixcc; Kat npoxropci>vtac; µe ta onlo81a 01yci - 01ya tq>t1axvav o icaetvac; TOI)<; tva KAWVO µc TO µtjicoc; ltOU rjeeA.av va yivEt to oxo1vi. Tov U(j)T)V<lV ICQ't(t) Oto toaq>oc; K(ll apxisav tO otpiq>roµa onou teA.ci>vou ic.o.K. · Eq>t1axvav noA.Aouc; icA.<iivouc;, 6oouc; dxav unoA.oyloe1 Ott ea ic<iµouv 01 onpayµtvec; tp(xec; nou Eixav ICOVtO touc;. DoAA.tc; q>Optc;, euµaµa1, Kl' tµdc; 6taV rjµaOtE nmota nriyaivaµC Kai yupisaµc triv avtµri, Porierovtac; tto1 Ka1 ~eKoupa~ovtac; eiceivo nou tri yupt~E. Ka96µaote oto 1<ae1oµa rrou eixav niow aKplPwc; an6 triv avtµri. An6 cn6.vro anA.rove tri 0K1ci tTJc; µ1a t<evepta (ic)opoµT]Ata tou npcpoA.1ou nou ouv6peue µt tov auA6yupo tTJc; Eicic A.rioim; Kat npoq>uA.aye an6 tov ~tot6 i1At0 tou teaAoteatp100 cicdvov nou yup1Ct triv avt~n1. noA.u µac; 6.pwe V(l yupisouµE triv avtµT) TWV OXOtV<iOWV, ltEpVOUOE EUXUPLOta ri ffipa to KaAOKCtipt nou ocv EixaµE O);'.OAtio. Ot axoivaoec; 6µroc; ljlrjVOVtaV OtT) KUplOAE~((l µtoa Otfl <totTJ nou rjtav m:p1crcr6tEPll oto urtrjveµo eiccivo ~1tpoc; tric; tKKAt)olac;, nou oe to tmavc icae6A.ou to icaA.oica1p1v6 µcA.ttµ1.

To KaA.ourtroµa trov KA.rovrov Aq>ou icataoiceua~av touc; teAc.ilvouc; apx1~c 10 otpiq>roµ<i TOuc; y1a VU y(VEl tO OXOlVi. r1a Tl")V tpyao(a (lUtr\ ElX<lV (i).).a epyaAda. uTa epyaAe{a to IC(lAOUnt, IC(ll ri pooKA(l, ta apyaAEla, tjtav Kl (ll)ta µ1a altAr\ µrixavrj. Erravro 0€ ou6 ~UAQ nou cixav to oxr\µa otaupot'.> cixav tonoOei:riOd tpdc; tpoxaA.iec; (µaicapaoi:c;) nou nc; tcpnaxvav 01 ~uAoupyof ot0uc; oxo1vooec;. 01 tpoxaAiec; auttc; r\tav µe 4-5 auA.aictc; µfoa an6 nc; onoiec; ni:pvouoe tva ox0tv{ an' auT6. nou icataoicw<i~av 01 oxo1v6.oec;, aA.A.6. Aent6Tepo Kill rrep1tt>A.1y6tav icm one; tpdc; TpoxaA!ec;, <.i>cne tpapoov1ac; to oxowi va yupi~Ot)V crurxp6vroc; K(ll µe Triv iota tUXUtT)ta l((ll 01 tpElc;. Ta EpyaAElU ta tq>Epvav an6 to epyaottj pi t0uc; KaOc q>0p6. nou Oa ticavav oxo1v1a. Ta toevav yepa eicd nou dxav ta µ6v1µa ~uAa yw va otepa1rovetm ri avtµri ica1 eµnp6c; arr· auttjv. 'Evac; ox0tvac; tna1pvc Ota xtp1a tou tpEic; KAWVOU<; touc; ayKUotpWVE one; TpOxaA.(cc; tWV upyaAClWV Kat aHoc; yuptsc µE TO OXOlVi tt<; tpoxaA.(ec;. 01 icA.c.ilvot otp(q>wvav Kat Ot tpe1c; ticavav tva KaA.ootp1µµtvo ICA.c.ilvo. Aq>ou' cnp1q>wve µc tov tp6no aut6 noA.Aouc; KA<i>vouc; ano Tpeic; oc tva ctonoOetoooe ava tpdc; n6.A1 rouc; mp1µtvouc; KAWvouc; one; tpoxaA.icc; t(t)V apyaA.e1wv. Touc; tnmpvc Ota ou6 toU xtp1a !Cat pE ta 6moeEv nc; tcpeave Oto t£A.oc;, O!tOll E<p0ave tO µrjicoc; rnuc;. Eicd TOuc; ayicuotpwve O'tT) PouicAa (µ1a 01ocptvta A.aPr\

teat va eq>oo1a~c1. tic; q>aµnpticec; 6A.ric; i:ric; Na~ou, 01 onoicc; rjtav

napa noAA.tc;. I:riµ. naA.a16tepa ri ~uµri tric; €Atoe; tµrratvE one; oq>upioec;. L(j)Up{oec; tjrnv nA.cicttc; toouporrcc; an6 J3oupA.a, nou nc; tq>naxvav Oto Koutoouxcpaoo 01 icaA.aeonotol, (owe; Kat OE ana xrop10. Ttc; tA.cyav oq>upioec;, y1atl ta naA.at<i EAatotp1J3Eia oev Eixav tt<; µctaH1ictc; µrixavtc;, nou yvwpioaµe Kat u7tapxouv aicoµri µtoa 0£ 1tOAAQ EAat0tp1pcia, ano ~UAIVE<; !tlf.OtlKE<; µrixavtc;, !tOU yta va oq>u~ouv nc; ictunouo6.v µe oq>upui, y1aut6 Kat oq>upioec;. Mia oucoytve1a twv Mapciicriowv arr6 rnv Koutooxcpcioo (Xciµappo) txe1 to napovoµa I:q>up10<ioec;, eni;ioT\ enA.eicav nc; oq>upioec;). nona xp6v1a ta ouo aotAq>ta 0 M1xaA.ric; IC(ll 0 I:nup?c; n.oo<iVt~ric; nou 0 t£A£Utaioc; tµaee Triv uq>aVtlKtj (l1t0 TOV npwto U(j)lllvav tic; tooup<ini:c;. Katom ouvtx1oav ta nlllo10 rnuc;, nou avaq>tpro oto npwto µtpoc; tric; epyaolac; µou autr)c; (N1ic6A.aoc;, t.riµr\tpric; - Kroatac; toU M1xaAri l((ll dlJµtjTpric; tOU I:ntipou). TEA.eutaia i:riv uq>avnicrj e~aaicouoav ta Mo nprot?~ooEAq>a o N1ic6A.ac; Kat 0 t.riµtjrpric;. flpo xpovwv TT)V eyrntEAElll/f. 0 t.riµrjtpric; Kat tT)V E~aOKOUOE µtxp1 ntplOll to 1985 0 N1te6~ac; no06.vr~ric;. Tropa tl'JV aq>rioc Kato N1ic6A.ac; icm ri 1txvri ~utri y1a rri Na~o avtjice1 ot0 napcA06v. H uq>avnictj trov oxotvaorov XPrio1µono1ofoc «tepej3atapta» (apyaA.e16, teA.Eiroc; 01aq>opcnico a~6 Ta apyaA.e1a ta omnica nou yvropisouµc Km uq>a!vouv 01 yuvaticec;. Oapaettro m:piypaq>tj tric; oxo1vcio1icric; Kpcj3atapt<ic; a~6. tov teA.eurnio oxo1va to N1te6A.a noo6.vtsTJ· I:tl")V icpepatapta uq>atvav CKt6c; nc; tooupancc;, 2) t.1o<iic1, 3) viyA.ec;, 4) CTtotA.ivec; Kai npoOt)Aivec;, 5) tay<ip1a, 6) xaA1a, 7) rnouPciAta. , H roouparra npo xpovrov txc1 aut6 to oxtow· oto Tttpayrovo cl!l'.AWVE 0 KCtnETUVIO<; TTJ<; q><inp1Kac; tT) ~uµri IC?' tT) oic.trrasE ~IC T,(l tpiywva nou pAtnoµc. Aq>ou npci>ta TT)V KaAounrovE ~eoa 0 ~uA1vo KaAoum y1a va txouv 6A.ec; 01 tcrnupanec; aicp1j3roc; triv tOta E1tiq>6.vc1a y1a va µnopouv va tono0EtTJ0ouv otri µrixavrj Kat va µriv E~EXEI ll µ1a ano Triv an ri. Aq>OU tl")V K<lAOU1t(J)VE tl")V EOE\1.£ µe to OXOlVUKl 1tOIJ tjtav Kt' aut6 TPfXlVO K(ltQAAT)A<l. :eAEu;a{a 01 tooupanec; or. ylvovtav µc to rrapamivro oxtc510 aAAa Tayapta oaicicouA.ec; oriAaotj, rrou oto otoµw Tri<; oaicicou~ac; ticA.ttvE µe rrpoc~oxr\ uq>avttj Kat aurtj. An6 tT)V tepcj3atapla ptpma oev tJ3yatvt tay<ipl, (lAAQ nav( opeoyOOVIO !tOU tO tpaf}aV Ol OXOlVclOE<; µe to icas(At (0a µ1Arjoouµe Kat ytaut6). 01 v!yA.ec;, 01 npoonA.ivec; teat 01 mo1A.ivec; tjtav auttc; nou to~vav to oaµapt y1a µouA<ip1a, aAoya Km yai:0oup1a. 01 npoonA.iVf:c; tmavav to ottpvo too ~c.ilou, ri viyA.a to on't0oc; n(oro a~o ta ltpoonva n601a tOU sWOu K(ll ri 1tlOlAlV<l n(oro OTOU<;; yA.rotouc; te<itw an6 tl")v oupa tou ~ci>ou. Ta tay6.pta ta tq>naxvav yta touc; yewpyoictlJVOtp6q>ouc;, yta va p6.~ouv µtoa epyaA.da, q>ayT)TO K:An. Ta xaA.1a y1a ta OltLTta, nc; EICKAr)OlE<;, ta µaya<ia. Ta l>toaKl(l (llu6 OUICICOl) evroµtvot y1a va Ta q>optroVOUV ota s<i>a En6.vro oto oaµap1 r\ ica1 an. cueEiac; otri p6.xri too uno~uy1ou Kai ta toouj3<il..1a yia nc; µetaq>optc;. Aut6. 6Aa, voµlsro. on Ta yvropisouv 6A.ot, Ytati unciPXouv aic6µri. icat av ocv un<ipxouv oxowcioiica,un6.pxouv oto eµrrop10.

;?

B' H axolva&uc11 uq>avnK1\ 01 naA.a10! KaA.o~uA.ltec; oxo1v<ioec;, Kat o Mov1atric; eict6c; arro tl")V KataOKEUtj TWV OXOIVlWV nou 1tf.ptypci1Vaµt OEV yvc.ilp1Cav tinotE ciHo V(l KataOKEUa<ouv. flprotoc; 0 M1xoA.ric; t.. nooavtsric;. mire. 6nwc; µou eixe 01rirriOe{ o !owe; icm o y16c; tou o N1ic6A.aoc;. nou touc; avaq>tpw oto npci>to µtpoc; tric; epyao(ac; µou, oto Movaotrip6.ic1 tric; A0rjvac; Kill tµa0e TTJ oxow<iSticri uq>avnicrj, ri ono(a J1Kµase T6te eicd, {oto MovaotT)paK1) icm tpocpoOotoooe arro toouparrec; (toavtiA.ec; µtoa one; ono(ec; 6.nA.wvav tri suµri t(l)V aAEO~IEVWV cA.iwv y1a va meotoov otri µrixavtj). 01 q>aµnpticec; (rraAmci EAatOtptPEia) npoµriOeuovtav nc; tooupanec; an6 tl]V Aetjva. (Donte; tho1cc; Piotexv(ec; Elxa oe1 otriv 'Aµq>1ooa, to 1947 nou pp1oicoµouv CKd, EnEtOtj fl nep1oxri r\tav EAat07t(lpaywy11Cr\, aoq>aA<.i>c; ea ll1ttjpxav ICU! Otl")V Kp1'tri Kill OtT)V neA.on6vvrioo. 0 M 1xoA.ric; nooavt~T)c;, A.om6v, rctjye tµaee triv tEXVl') Tri<; oxo1vci-~ c51icric; uq>avt1icJ1c; ica1 6.px1oe i:icdvoc; va q>naxvet tic; tooupfe~

ouo A.erttouc; icA.rovouc;, oto Ttpµa rou oxo1v10u tric; avtµric; i:ouc; otpiq>wve (touc; icA.c.ilvouc; icm ticave' eva µaooopt). • Eicave oeut£po to tvwve oto ttA.oc; µe tOv npci>to K.O.K. Aq>ou µe triv avtµri tKavc noA.U icasiA.t (tTat tA.eyav touc; A.crrtouc; icA.6>Vouc;) touc; tuA1yav ica1 ticavav ~tEy6.Aa KOuj3<ipta, ltOU aut6. ea XPriotµ<1trot0uoav otriv icpcj3atap1a y1a va uq>avouv 6Aa ta uq>avto nou avaq>tpaµe. I:ta 01ociic1a, ota xaAt6., oTa ray<ip1a, voµisro Kat one; viyAec;, ou:iAeyav nc; aonpec; y106tp1xec;, nou Tt<; tpaq>av tem ticavav rro),uXpwµa ta u'q>avtci auto. Kupiwc; tic; tj3aq>av npoc; to icaotav6. Tic; AWdc; tl<; xpri01µono1ouoav IC(ll yta AEUKO xproµa. , Etm, ta U(j)(lVta (lUTU tjtav ltOAuxproµa, µE nc; xproµattoTtc; tatvlec; 1t0l) eixav µtoa. 'Onroc; aicp1J3ci>c; yivctat µeta xp<iµta one; omtio1ec; icpej3atap1tc; (apyaA.e10). 'Ej3aq>av, j3tj3a1a, ~1ovov <ionpec; tpixec;, 01 oicoopec; Kat Ol µaUpEc; OEV J3aq>OVtav. Eixav, A.01n6v. 01 oxo1vooec;, KOuj3ap1a KastAl an6 µaupec;, ljlapptc;, KOKIClVWn£c;, aonpcc; rp!xec; icm nc; Uq>atvav6nou xpe16.sovtav. Aq>ou ctoiµa~av to ica~iA.1 apxt~E tO q>amµo. 0 N1te6A.ac; noo6.vr<ric; µac; yp<iq>El nwc; y1v6tav to q>6.01µ0, tov napaic6.A.eoa va µou yp6.\j/El teat tov euxap1otci.> nou avtanoicpi0riice 01riv napaicArior\ µou. Eyci.> oev T)tav ouvat6 va ta ypciljlro, aq>ou µ6vo tj3Aena 1ri ouoicoA.ri auttj uq>avnicrj. Etet6c; an6 ta napan6.vro uq>avr<i nou ticavav otriv icpej3atap1a, IC(lt(lOKEU<i~av otriv avtµT] Kat Ka~iAl y1a t0uc; 'l/app<ioec;. To Ka~lAI aut6 tjtav µc ntvre 0 £~1 teAc.ilvouc; icaA.a crtpiµtvouc; teat tO xprio1µono1ouoav 01 \j/app<ioec; y1a va Otvouv cnavro touc; q>cAouc;. To tpix1vo ica~iA.1 avTEXt om vep6, apicci 6tav TO tpya~av an6 tri OaA.aooa va to ottyvrovav otov rjA.10 tj tov atpa va µT)v icouj3aptaotci uyp6.

Ta EpyaA.da tou axolva dvm: (t.ttjyrioTJ too TEAEUtaiou oxowti tOU xropimi KaA.o~uA.ou NtteOA.ciou M1xar\A noocivTCri). I) To arlPaxrpo µe to ono{o onpo~ovta1 (~tvovta1 m y106tp1xec;) 0, €Vil µtpoc; tOU OXOlVtlOlKOU EiXE 0Tp000E{ µC OaV(Ota tva 1µrjµa 3-4 T.µ. Oto KaTw µtpoc; trov oav101c.ilv e{xav crtepea oe0e! 4 Kav<iJ3taµ1icpoo n<ixouc;. Ta icavaj3tv1a auta oxo1v1a evc.ilvovtat Kat ta TEoOEpa, T\ µciA.Aov otvovtat µas( KOi oe µticptj an6otaori an6 to oto1µ0 aut6 OEVOTaV tva ICUAIVOptte6 ~UAO µtjicoix; 0,50 tOU µttpou. To ~oAo aut6 {tri A.aPr\) tmave o texvlrTJ<;; aq>ou tJ3ase nc; tplxec; Kclt(J) Oto ~OAlVO n<itroµa IC(lt KTUltWVtac; to t£XVllCU nc; OT(J3a<e. Tic; t~atve. Ot otif3ayµtvec; tp!xec; µe to teTUnT)µa ntjya1vav rr[oro an6 to Ot( Pmrtpo, an. OltOU ttc; µ<iCwe 0 oxo1 vac; Kat ttc; t07t00EtoUOE µtoa otriv icoq>iva. Xwp1ota tou icaeev6c; nou tj0i;A.e va icciµe1 oxow!. Tic; ~exrop1~e µe to oaicicouA.1, Tj to tcrouPciA1 nou nc; Elxe q>tpet 2) Haveµ,, Yrrtjpxav ouo civeµec;. Mta avtµri y1a V(l y{VOvtat Ota CJ'XOlVlQ IC(ll UAAT) µfoa Oto OXOlVQOllCO µ6vtµ11 yta V(l y(veta1 to Ka.(f).1 (11 uq>avttKT\ te.Awotr\) nou navtote Jitav oiicA.c.1)vri. H npootT) avtµri (txe1 nep1ypaq>e[)· r\tav telVllTll icm µctaq>EpOTav OTOV TOno 6nou Kataoiceua<av T(l crxo1v1a. H QAA11 nou 6tav rjtav OUO Ol OXOl VQOE<; r\taV K<ll Ol avtµec; Ou6 tjt<lV EyKatQO'Tl")µtVE<; µtoa oto axo1vac5tico, 6nwc; av<iq>epa, µ6v1µa. (Ynapxouv aic6µri orjµepa) 3) ta epyaA.e16. (txouv nep1ypaq>e{).

H ttpOEtOlµaa{a t'lt; vq>aa11c; KUl 0 tp6noi; f'lt; H KPEPatapui tO\) axotva:

1

ria Tl")V uq>avnKtj XPEtaC6TaV µey6.A.ri npoEpyao[a. Ilpci>ta tnpene 01 yiootpixec; va TotPaxtoov (txouµe µA.rjoet y1a to o:!Parµa (~<101µ0) µ1a ou6 tpetc; q>optc;. Aq>OU to1J3a~Ovtav teaA.a µtoa uto epyaottjpi ~e µi~ avtµri nou rjtav ~uA.1vri icm tTJV yup1~E o oxo1v(h; µe oxmvl nou efxc otri µtori toll aq>OU Elxs cµnp6~ tOU otoc1 0. tva rnouj3<iAl nc; anpayµtvec; rp( xec;. H avtµ.ri yupl~E 1CapouA.1a (tpoxaA.iec;) K(ll 0 TE';(Vitl")<; oxo1vac; otplq>(t)VE OE icapouA.t, tic; tp[xec; Kat nriyalvovtac; µc ta 6mo0ev tKavc

£\1aq>op1micr\ an6 ta ouvri81oµtva apyaAcui nou uq>a{vouv oi yuva(Ktc;. AnoteA.eltm I) An6 ta Mo \j/<lA(o1a nou dvm ou6 xo. vtpa ~uA.a an6 o~ua otT]µtva µe µ1icp1' icA.iori oTov roixo too CJXOIVQOllCOU ��6v1µa. 2) Ano t(l ou6 avrni Ta avtl<i ~UA(l lCl. (lUTO XOvtp6. ouvotouv ta ljlaA{Ot<l tO tva E!tQV(t) Kat TO aAA.o npoc; tO ic<itro3) Ta icop1tociK1a tva 010 icaee avti. M1icp6. ~uA.a icapq>roµtva otO teaOe avti OTO io10 Ull/O<;. :Eta KOpnoaKta OEVEtat ri x6pc5a.

t.a,v.

41

40 ~~~

~~a.~ ""are?~


H nap<iJoa!J via T!J aroivonotla atn N<i~o (·Eva axo1 vaK1 nou µ · nuro t&vtwvEtat Kai µutoovetai TO uq>avTo y1a VQ TtOj)OUV TT) CJtaUj)WOT). 01 Oq>JlV&<;. ::'.uA.a ltf,Q'tlO Kat KOVTa noo nc; xronooocv ue ~uA.1 vo K6navo y1a va i:&vT<i>ve1 '1 vu unoorK<ipci TO nnvi. To AEKO tva KuA.1v8p1K6 an6 TO {;va ~1tpo<; Kai smrrc8o arr6 TO ciAA.o ~uA.o y1a to q>cimµo.

To <p<i<nµo 0a paA.ouµE m xapap6pcpya nou EltOV(J) TT)<; OtT)pi/;ETat TO navi. (H xapap6pepya eivor tva µ1Kp6 KUAlVOptK6 ~uA.o). Aq>OU rsAEIWOEt TO ouia1µ0 0T)A00Tl to arr),wµa EltOV(J.) crnv KPEPatapui tOU lt(lVIOU, ltOU Af.yETat KQI 1t&p1µat1oµa µE tT) mui017 ea TtcipoµE tTl CJtaUp(J.)CJT]. (H orra611 elver µaKpU ~UAlVO cpyaA.do nou KamA.r)yc1 6it(J.)<; to arra6i). Aeo» paA.oµE TT] ona011 PciCouµe ro l;opµnaA.ci noo stvci Kai curo svo K1>A.1vliptK6 ~uA.o. METci PciCoµE rnv K6poa Km µeta tO xovrdpi (KUAlVOj)lKO Km auto ~uA.o) KCll to nepvciµ£ µc i:va naptaci nou dva1 cs KaOe KopnoaKl (o rraprncic; civet evo otpupwµtvo Kavcip1 µE ou6 6T)AtE<;) µiiKOu<; ElKOCH EKatOO'tcOV. ApxiCouµi: to µut(J.)µa yta va ~&X(J.)PiCEt 11 aKUj)(J.)OT). MEta y1a va to1t6:iae1 to rrav{ to aq>T)voovouµ& us ti<; aq>TivE<; nou eirraµe. Mere ea ncipoµc 'tT] TC<ixri KQl 'tT) yEµiCouµE lj/QOI (oriA.a8T1 Tll ouirn) nou ctvoi tva A.crri:6 KUA1vop1K6 ~uA.o KCll apxiCouµE va q>aivouµE Kai a({JOu q>avouµ& )-Iyo rravi t0noei;wuµc to rrpotl;iy1 yta vu µT] µal;;i:t'.1c1 ro rrnv] Kturraµc to q>ciot µE to «ctv: 'Oco q>aivoµE revrroVEt ro rravi Kat Eiµaote unoxpc(J.)µtvo1 va ~EOT)Kci>Voµe Hyo -A.iyo xrnrrclivta<; µE KO!tUVI Tl<; mp?lvc<; noo stvci orn ljlClALOIO. KCll CJtO avrl to Kcitw Kat 01wKoA.uvcta1 to q>cio1µ0. 'Oruv q>Gcioet oro tt-

Na<raK<i rcvxoc;, 17 - 18. 0Krwf]pror:; 1987 - <Pef]povdpwc; 1988

A.oi; 11 Uq>avaT) aAA.cil;;ouµc ro t;;opµrra/..u Kat Pcit;;ouµe TO t;;opµnaA.6noul.o Kat TTJ µ1Kptj omieri, tEA.eicilvovrni; tpapouµe tll xapap6pepya Kat T£AE1<i>vEl ll Uq>avm1. · Eypaljla rnv npciooo11 µ1ai; ttxvlli; arroKA.eionKtji; rou x(J.)p16u µou Ka/.o~uA.ou, T) onoto i:oopa ma topuoc y1a ndvru. Flore Kavci<; Scv motet'.m 6t1 ll ttxv11 autil stvci Suvcrov va avaP1woe1. CTp6aq>epe 6~tffi<; oro napd06v µqciA.e<; un11pi:oiei; orov aypot1K6 101ainpa coouo, rore !tOU 11 (j)'tOO)'.Ela ~tav 11 Kupiapx11 K(ltUOtaOll crov t67tO µa<; ue rc oxo1v1ci tT)<; Kat ta ueuvru tll<;, ytai:i XPllOlµo!tOlOUOC vromc npci>tT) UAT) 1tOU otjµepa E)'.El axp11oti:ueei. Erri011<; Pot10rioe µtxp1 !tj)IV A.iya xp6v1a ta EA<llOtptPcia µac; µe tT)V KataoKEUJl t0u tooupamou nou, 11 npoµtjOetci roui; Tji:av Kat MOKOAll Km mo aKp1P'1· l:Kon6c; µou dvm va yvwpioouv 01 µernyevtotepo1 611 01 npoyovoi µai; XPllot~wno1ouoav q>e11vt<; Kat vT6mE<; UAc<; y1a tllV E~U1tT)j)Etll011 toU<;, EV av1:16foc1 µE or)µepa ltOU 61..a ra npoµT)ew6µaon an6 tT) P1oµrixav.1Ktj rrapaywyr), aUci µe µcyal.o K6oi:o<;, no1i aut6 Kcivc1 ouoKoA.11 tll Cw'1 µai;. 'lo(J.)i; 11 ttxvri auttj um:ipxe1 aK6µ11 oe op10µ£va µtp11 tll<; OatpiSac; µac;, 1t0u Eivm aµq>ipono y1atl ta cA.atotp1pEia civa1 aut6µata Km XPT)01µorro10uv ciHEc; µi;e68oui; y1a tT)v tK0A1\jlll T(J)v i;A.1ci>v. DcivTwi;, voµil;;w, 6n eml}ciAA.ETa1va ~tpoµE Km a~il;e1 i:ov K6no va ypaljlouµe 6k ta nepao~1tva, nou 01 µemyevfotcpo1 6001 Oa ta avo.1;11touv ea ta ppiOKOUV ypaµµtva (l1t0 µ(l(; KQl ocv mon:6ouv va µa<; KaKioouv rroi:t yt auto. Eypaljla tO Mcipt10 TOu 1987 I:i:H.toi; napapcii; l:uv/xoc; MoKal.o~ an6 tov KaM~u/..o

l:.'1K. 26. To arpf<pwpa rov Ka{,1).101J.

1::1K. 27. 0 axo1vdc; N. /]oadvr(l/r; OTO «OriPa)'/la" (~d<JIJ.IO).

E1K. 25. H axo111do1K1J ><peParnpui µc ra oidmopa cpy-' • • v· WI.Ela• r17<; y1a ro <paa1µ0 (anaOec;, {,opimovUc;, aaira K.J.n.)

E1K. 24.

0

axo1v&; N. floadvr{,11c; µa{,i

w

TOV )•pd<ptJVTa tl\JtalOCVTIKO

42

LT. flapapd.

43


1 I naptuioon

yta

tt;

arotvonoiia rrr17 Nri<;o

Nat, laKd

rcuxo;;

17 - 18, 0Kui>f]p1or:;

198 7 - <Ptf]povdpwc; I 988

~--.

F1,..-. JU. Ta «lfJi'oJ.da. .. M · rwrri atokxovav rntJ; 1.-Acuvo";; Kai )'ivovrnv t a ayosvui: <Pcur. LI. Ea),rcp1;

Lt«. 31. II m•1:1111. o i.rinavo.,.. 10 1a/;v1 TIJC: Kpcparapui:;. <l><m A lru rcp1j

44

, · <IX"tvrt' .• //oadi•rr~~ 1c• ('"'1arc1~u), pa(i 111 _10 Er.• Ilopap« (&f,ui), unpoarti ato uxo1vd6111·0 rotJ KaA.lVi;tlou ., .,. u. ..,.,, " • 0 npuncsruturo-; 1

oon.

LI.

l11J1.

45

rcp17


Na{,1aKd u:vxoc; 17 - 18. 0Ku.hfip10c; 1987 - (f)efipovdp1oc; 1988

Ttdvvrp; I:rr. Aoyap<i<;

I:uµrrA. 11proµat1Ka oroi Xtia yia to Na~taKo Turro E1uaywy1K6 <J11Jll;lwµa fa1c; ltAllPOq>opicc; y1a TOv Na~1aK6 Turco, xou Oivouv or«; epyaaiec; rouc o Kt.ixnac; M. MaV't~oup<ivric; («Turroc; Kat Tunoypaq>[a crn N<i~o ... oro rrep1oouc6 «Na~1aK6v Apxeiov" Teux~ 2-3, <I>cpp. - Maptiou 1947, acA.. 17-25 Kai r. 4, Anp1A.lou 1947, aeA. 43-45) Km o Nlxoq Kcq>aHllvuiollc; («Tun~ Km Turroypaq>ia orn Na~o ... aTO rrep1001K6 «Na~1aKa» r. 6, lav.-<I>cpp. 1986, aeA.. 3842 Kai r. 7, MapT.-A1tp. 1986, a. 22-28) ea tjOcA.a va 1tpoa0taw Kl i:yw ~1ep1K<i enmA.tov ato1xeia, ue Pciall µ1a tpwva nou tKava anc; oe1ptc; TWV q>uHwv TWV Na~taKwv Eq>llµtpiOwv nou ppia1eovrm oro laTOp11e6 Apxdo Tile; Na~ou 1ea1 atll Mnevdxero B1PA.100r\Kll Tile; BouA.r\c; Kat ornv EOv1Ktj B1pA.100r\Kll. OTllV AOr\va. · Ern1 ouµ1tA1lPOOV(ll ICQJtW<; r\ tponono1<.i> CV µtpc1 TOV KaT<iAoyo TWV VCl~IClKWV CVtUltWV 1tOU µac; OLVOUV Ol Jtapanavw µcAf.tllttc;. ea avaq>tpovm1 to np<i>To 1ea1 To 'ttAtutaio an6 rnv Kci0c ac1p6 rtov q>uHwv, µc pliall nc; onotc; ty1vc ri tpr.uva µou. 01 eq>llµcpilicc; 1eawt6ocrovra1 oliµq>wva µc rnv 1taA.m6't1ltCl tKoOor\c; rooc, aVE~cipn1rn an6 TO av c1eoioovTav a'tll Na~o i; ITTllV AOr\va. (I:llµ. Fiu 'tOu<; CIC06Tcc; ICQl rouc ou:u0UV'tC<; OCV y(vr.tat f.lOLKr\ tpcuva, aJ..).(i i:voc11enK<i avaq>tpCt> ovouurd rooc cc ~1cp1K6 µ6vo (j)UAA(l C(j)llµEpiowv).

o.

Na~taKtc; Eq>'lµepCoec; «Na~oc;•• (Na~o~ 1890-1897) np(i)tll VU~IClKr\ t<pllµCp[oa elver, KCl'tQ JTQOa m0av6tllta, TJ .. N<i~oc; », KuKA.oq>6plloc orn Nn~o to 1890. Flpdrro an6 ta q>uHa Tile; oc1pac; JtOU clxa orn ouiOcar\ µou, KaTa TTI 01ap1Ce1a TTJ<; nupouaac; tpr.uvac; µou, t11c; r.q>llµcpiSac; «Na~oc; .. dvm ro un • ap10µ. 4 tile; 30 6CK£µpp(ou 1890 (TOU A. trnuc; tKoOar\c; n1c;). cvci) TO reA.cutaio txc1 llµcpoµllvia 26 Maptiou 1897 1ea1 ap10µ6 218 (To11 E • ttouc;). i:ic1yµat0A1llt'tllCQ Ollµett.i>vw on CICOOtllc; ICQI ou:uOovnic; tile; c<i>llµepioac; oro q>. 13 Tile; 16 Maprtou 1891 avaq>tpctat o rcci>py1oc; MavctUKllc;. cvci> 01cuOuvTr\c; OTO (j). 185 Tile; 11 Mcprlou 1896 0 Feropy1oc; A. nayioac;. .. Ilapovaila» (Na~oc; 1898;-1899, 1903-1906, 1909-1912). E1eo106tav orn Nci~o. 'Ero; npc.ii'tll<; tKooor\c; t11c; rrptnc1 vc elva1 10 I 897. Av Kai TO npc.iito (j)UAAO 'tll<; unapxouoac; atjµcpa o eip<ic; txe1 ap10µ6 8 {ttoc; A') Kai 11µepo~i11via 15 Maptiou 1898 Km nap6A.o nou 11 .. napova~la .. aut0rrapou0t<i~ctm we; cpooµalhaia ( .. napova~la E<pllµcpic; rro>.1t11er\ Km rtov c1or\acrov cico1ooµtv11 <irra~ -rric; cPooµaooc;11), 1ea1 eve.ii 1ea1 to q>. 23 -rric; 25 Auyoucnou 1898 txr.1 coc; ap10µ6 tTOuc; tKOOOllt; TO A .• CVtOUTOI<; TO q>. 26 -rric; 19 I:cJtt. 1898 avr\KEI aTO B · ttoc;. Yno0ttouµc A01n6v 6t1 ll cq>riµcpioo npc11rnc1eoNJ111ec tov Auyouato r\ to I:cnrtµpp10 mu 1897. Di:pa1a, µtve1 11 anop(a cav, an6 TO UltOt16l:µcvo aut6 xpovuco' a1111cio tvap~llt; 111c; CKOoo~c; T'l<; 11txp1 tile; 151iaptiou 1898 (cp.8) c1e060..,46

AOU, an1 O:(CtlKrl icapTtAO TOU aA.q>aPrirncou KataA6you tCllV cpywv nou <pllA<ioaovtm orriv E0v11Cr\ B1P/.io0t1Kll. atl']V A0r\vo, umipxc1 ri c~tjc; tvoc1~ri: «Atyaiov 1910-11. 'ETOc; I (1910) ap. 363368, 370-72, 74, 76, 77-82 ... (Ztjtrioa lllV Cq>1iµcp[fo, aHli µou Clnc.iJ0'1K£ an6 unaH11A.o 6n otv U1tapxc1). '!awe;. A011t0V, 11 cq>ll~1cpilia c1eo1061av µtxp1 to 19 I 1. aHci cvtcA.c.iic; atllv apxtj TOU. f1ati TO (j). 381 pyr\lCC anc; 23 6CKCµ. 1910. To 382 0a nptJtc1 va Pr ii KE citr. nc; TCACUta(cc; 1iµtpcc; tou 191 o. cin; nc; npci>Ttc; TOU 1911, yiati to «A1yaiov .. r\tav cpooµaS1aia cq>11µcpioa. 6tv l;tpouµc cciv ICUICAO<p6p11aav aHa q>uHa TOU «A1ya{ou» apy6tepa. «Aan{c;11 (A01)va I 902;-;) H Cq>llµcpioa «AaJtic;., (nou autoxapaKTT1PiCcra1 we; «Eq>riµcpic; Tou Aetou ..) EK0106Tav 01a 1902 orriv A01)va. To µ6vo <puHo tile; cq>11µcpi0ac; nou truxc va r\tav to un · ap10µ6 3 J -rric; 22 louv[ou 1902 TOU A. CTOU<; (nou pp1a1C6tav avaµcaa O'to CK110tµcvo UAlKO tou l:taupou KaHtpyll ae tK0f.Oll oto nvcuµanK6 Ktvtpo tou 61)µou A0rivaiwv, OTllV 006 A1eao1lµiac;. TOv An-piA.10 tou 1985). 61cu0uvttjc; n1c; Aanioac; ato npoavaq>cp0tv <puHo avaypaq>etm 0 r. M. Ma>.ayµac;. eve.ii ta ypa<pc(a KQl to turroypaq>clo rric; C(j)llµcpioac; pp10Kotav, tote, oTllv 006 Ap1attioou 6. A>.A.a 11 «Aonic;·• <paivcta1 6n 1eulCAoq>opo1iac Km naA.a16tcpa. 'Etoi OTO <p. 26 TT1<; 25 i:icKcµppiou 1901 tou «A1yaiou11 01apci~ou~1c 6t1 11 cq>TJ~•cpioo «Aanic; .. rou Ma).ayµa ~avapxi~c1 TTIV KUKAo<pop{a tile; ac ).[ycc; µtpcc;. l':11µc1c.iivouµc 6n o I:. M. M<iA.ayµ~ c~to1oc Ota 1900 ICQl 1901 OT'l N<i~o TllV c1p11µcpi0a •<Nta N<i~oc; ... r1a µcptKO an6 ta 1ttpu:x6µi;va tou npoavaq>cp0tvtoc; q>uHou (31) Tll<; Aonioac; naparrtµnoµc at11v cpyaaia µac; «l:t0txcia an6 tll ~Cllr\ Kai 111 opa011 tWV Nal;,1a1CWV I:uH6yrov» OTO 1tcp1001K6 «Na~IQICQ» 1. 4-5 (LC1tt.-6CIC. 1985) Otll Of.A. 61. .. npooooc; .. (Na~oc; 1907;-1915)

ow

Kav µ6vo 8 q>uUa Tile; £q>riµcpioac;. (Mc tvoe1~11 utToc; B." ICUKAOq>opci Km to q>. 43 tile; 17 Javouapiou 1899). Ano T'l Scurcp11 ncpiooo t1eooallc; tile; .. napova~iac; ... (19031906). txouµc Ot'l ouiOcarj µac; µta ot:tpci q>UAACllV ltOI) apxi~ouv an6 to un' ap10µ6 8 tile; 31 Malou 1903 (µi: tvo£1l;ll A· ttoc;) KOi <pO<ivouv oto 104 tile; 9 NoEµ. 1906 (tTOc; 6 ').Ta q>uAA.a tile; ocuTcPllc; nEp16oou txouv vtu apiOpllall, an6 tllv apxr\. A Ha, an6 111v a11x'1. ~cK1v<ie1 Kai ll apiOµllari TWV q>uAA.wv tile; tpitric; m:p160ou KuKA.oq>opiac; TT1c; cq>llµtpiliac; ( 1909-1911 ). avtiOcm µE t11v api01n1011 tCllv etc.iiv. 'Etai, eve.ii TO ttAcutaio <pUAAO t'l<; B' rrcp160ou (ap. 104 wu 1906) txc1 tvoc1~1l '1' troc;, TO <p. 15 tile; 15 1ouAiou 1909 txc1 l:voc•~ll E · ttoc;, napa tll 01aq>opa rwv axc06v tp1oov Ct<i>v. To tEAEUTaio (j)UAAO lll<; c1p11µcpi0ac;. µc pam1 ta ato1xcia nou 01aOttw auttj t'l 011y11tj, civa110 un' ap16µ6 100 TT1c; I I lavouapiou 1912. l..l7µc1wm:1r; I. Kai o K. M. MaV't~oupav11c;. OTll oc/,ioa 20 rou t. 2-3 tou 1947. tOU uNa~1aKOU Apxtiou .. ypci<pt:I Otl 11 .. napova~{a .. pyaiVl:I to 1897 ai:ll N<i~o. 2. H .. napoval;,{a .. (om q>. 11 r11c; 9 Anp1A.iou 1898) µac; icavc1 yvwo16 6t1 an6 TO 7o <puHo 111c;. anox<l>prioc an6 'TTJ 01c1i-Ouvor\ u1c; ICU! 111 ouvta~1' lll<; 0 Avt. M. Dllµµapinac; Kai OTI 111v QVEAU· pc 0 r. MavctUKllt;· (EK06u1c; Kai 01cuOuV'tr\c; OTO <p. 9 t11c; 29 Ma'iou 1909 avaypaq>ctm o rcwpyt0c; N. Mavcta1e11c;). 3. Evtunwa1l 11ac; npoKaAci to yi:yov6c; 6t1 oto <p. l 00 (tou Z · ttouc;), •Ile; 11 !avouapio11 tou 1912, ll tq>llµtpioo allµc1ci>vc1 m c~i;c;: uH .. napova~ia .. civc ll apxa1ortpa 1wv cv Nci~w Cq>llµcpi· liwv 1opuOciaa TO troc; 1890. ( · Exc1 oe Kai µcy<iAll 1CuKl..oq>0piav cv tw c~w1r.p1Kc.ii: l:µupvll. Kwvoravt1voun6A.c1 Kat AiyunTw»). Y· noOtrnuµc on Ocropci rov eaur6 -rric; ouvtxc1a rric; .. Na~ou ... .. Nta N~oc;" (Nci~oc; 1900-1901) rr.., N<il;o KUKAOq>Opci KU'TQ ta tt11 1900-1901 Kai ll «Nta Nal;oc;». fao q>. 7 rou 1900 olQpa~ouµc: .. Nta N<i~oc;. Eq>llµepic; no>.1· t1Kr\ KUI twv c1otjocwv. 'E1oc; A· Ev N<i~w tll 30 louviou 1900. Ap10µ. 7 lo101Ctr\tric; Kai uncuOuvoc; LuVTQ1Ct11c; I:. M. MAAAr· MAl: ... To q>. 38 (tou B · trnuc;) r.K0601lKC aT1c; 24 <I>cpp. 1ou 1901. «A1ya(ov .. (Nci~oc; 1901-1910) faa 1901 cicoiocTa1 aTri Ncil;o rn «A1yaiov ... Kata TOK. M. Ma· vt~oup<iv11 to «A1yaiov .. µnopci va xapaKtllP•atci we; .. ata0µ6c; OTll Na~1a1Ctj C<p1lµcp10oypa1pia .. (61t. napanavw, acA. 20). To Cj)uHo 7 (tt0uc; A) tile; 12 Auyolicnou 1901 txc1 r11v c~tjc; tvor.1~11: uA1yaiov. 611µ001oypmp11e6v 6pyavov trov anavtaxou Na~iwv. EK:SiocTa1 Kara Kup1a1ctjv ... 61cu0uvti;c; civa1, oto {010 q>uHo, o r. I. Buplvllc;. 6nwc; ICCll C'ltO (j). 247 tile; 22 <I>cpp. 1907, CV(~ Oto <r· 250 tric; 21 MapTiou. 0 n. I. Bupivllc;. A.6yw OavcitOU TOU npollyoir µtvou EV T(J) )Jf.ta~u. Tr.Acutoio CjJUAAo ro11 «Aryaiou .. an6 r11 oc1pa no1i unapxr.1 cftTl Mn1.van10 B1PA.100tj"TJ tivm ro 381 tric; 23 6cKcp. 1910. ti~a/.·

H cq>riµcpioa «Dp600oc; .. npbm va c1eM0111ec y1a npc.iin1 cpopa to 1907. To rrpc.iirn an6 10 urrapxoV'ta or\µcpo q>uHa. TO un' ap10µ6 9, txc1 11µcpoµ1lviet 26 lavouaplou 1908 Kat tvot•~ri: £toe; A'. 6cooµtvou on ll .. npooooc;" auwnapouata~ETOI we; EPl>oµao1aia (01111. Scc; Cj). 23 tou 1908) civa1 aOilvarn. µaHov, va c1e060111eav oKtci> a1e6µ1l <puHa, np1v an6 tl']V napancivw riµcpoµllvia, µtaa OTO ISIO µr\va. 'AHrootc. µEtal;,u I lou cpuA.).ou (16 <I>cpp. 1908) Kai 12ou (4 MapTlou 1908), 6nroc; Kai µtta~u 20ou Kat 21ou q>uHou (21 louviou 1908). µcaoA.aPci xpov11C6 01ciaTI'lµa Soo ncpinou ePlioµaowv. dva1 q>avcp6 611 1ov npc.iito 1emp6 rric; KUKA.oq>oplac; r11c; ll .. np6oooc; .. ocv CICOIOOTOV µta cpopa triv cpl)oµaoa. ana Katci apa161cpa 11 axcn1ea a1eav6v10Ta xpov1K<i Oiaatr\µara Kai cnoµtvwc; auµrrcpa{voupc 6tt ll c<priµcp[oa eKM0111Cc µtaa ato 1907 . K<ino1a µtKpr\ aµ<p1poA.{a µnopci va ycvvll0Ei an6 to 6n, Eve.ii µtxp1 TO q>. 34 Tile; 20 t.ciccµ. 1908 un<ipxE1 ri tvoc1~ 11: A· tTOc;, an6 TO q>. 35 tll<; 1 lavouap(ou 1909 unapxc1 .., tvoc1~11: B. ttoc;. 'Etal K61to1oc; µnopr.l npoarop1v6 va unoOtac1 6n ll «CTp600oc;11 npwtoK1JICA.oq>6plloc µtoa arn 1908. AH· auto avn>Cpouctai µE TllV rrpollyo1'iµcv11 napatr\p11or\ µac; 1ea1 µe n1v un60ea11 6n cnc1otj ta npo rou 1908 cpuHa nic; c<pll~tcpioac; noo KuKAO<p6priaav r\tav A.1Yet. 11 01r.1i0uvotj r11c; npoTiµllac. y1a tEXV•Kouc; A6youc;, va Ocwpr\oc1 to tcAoc; rou 1907 Kat 6A.o to 1908 we; tva eKoonK6 hoc;.

47

Oc; tf.A£Uta[o q>t)AAO napouot<i~CTOI TO Un' ap10µ6 204 (mu I:T · trnuc;) Tilt; 2 I:cmcµppiou mu I 915. I:to (j). 23 TOU 1908 otaP<i~ou~u:: .. npooooc; Elj)llµepic; nOAltllCtj Kat TWv 1:101\ocwv. EK0100~1tvll cina~ Tll<; cpl)oµaooc;. t.icu0uV'tr\c; Ap1aT6 B. Bapotjc;. Ev Nci~w 111 7 IouA.!ou 1908 . apiOµ . . . 23 . t t~ r A .. Cl)mvt\ N~ou - napou .. (A0r\va 1907-;) To 1907 KUICAO(j)OPllOE l'l u<l>wv~ Nci~ou - napou» OT AOr\ nA. p • , I llV Va. ll Oq>op1cc; Yt aun1v µac; OtVCI 11 C(jl'lµEpi.oa «AtyaiOV•> OTU (jl 278, 288, 31~ Kai 324. To "A1yaiov .. otic; 24 6c1Ccµp. 1907 (cp. 27 at11v 31l ar./,~aa) avayytHc1 6n .. µeta 1o .. A1yoiov·•. tllv .. np60_ oov .. Ka1 tp1rll an6 npox0tc; Nal;,1aKr\ l:uvalicA.q>oc; cioc to ICUICAoq>Op~aaoa etc; JTOAAQ aV'tituJta CV'tau0a Kai EV Dapw».(j):E~ c[va1 aaq>cc; 6µwc; av ll xpov11er\ CKq>paa11 «npoxOtc; .. (nou avtta.to1xd, a-rriv np~1ec1µtvri ncpinTwall. 11e tic; 22 6c1ecµpp. 1907) c1vm '1 11µcpoµ1lv1a t1Cooo11c; auyK£Kp1µtvou (tou npci>t0u") ·A AOU .tile; «~Wvr\c; Na~ou - napou .. r\ av np61emat y1a T'lV ~µ~~~ µllvta Kata T'lV ono1a t<p0aai: tj nou.01avcµr\01lKe aTa v11oia Nci~o ICQI napo. l:rn iolO ollµoaicuµa tou «Atyaiou .. o1apa~ouµc 6n ll e<pll •oa ovoµa~CTQI «C!>wv.( Na"ou n . " . µept . .'' ., Kai apOI!» (co<•> XP1l01~wno1cfTC11 to «IC~'" aV't1 t11c; nau).ac;). 6n •<CKolotrm cv AOtjva1c; cina~ T cPlio~1alioc; .. Otl «µC Qlj/O~OV OUVTa~1v Kai ~IC KaHtTEXVIK1'v au~1Em v ,GtA.c1 napaKoA.ou0c1 µct· cvo1a1ntpov1oc; tn.,v f.V Y t \1£1 Kata,.. Otaoiv TOU TOnou µac; ' xwplc; va ua-rcpn·1 c1c; TO KOIVWVIKOV JTOAl, TllCOV Ka1 <p1A.o>.oy1K6v µtpoc; ... Enia11c; 6T1 «01 vcapoi 1010~11'tai ICQI 01cu0uvta( n1c; CV A6yw auvalitA<poU IC IC n E . npwtovotci l ' . . . up11roi~ Kat M. p oc;, µll <pc106µevo1 OOtC ICOJtWV, oute oetnavc.iiv OtAOUOI npoonaOr\act OJT(llr., au1n. ., 1f10t':'c; " ~ . tac; yvci>' . . .,., va o1Lp~11lvcu11 µac; TOU AaOU ~ICU! KaTaOTtj auµpou/..or -. EV navt1' • yvw11atcuouaa . npoc; 'TO auµcp1;pov tile; Enopxiac,; ... l':nc; 19AnptA.loo 1908(ato1n .... 288)to .. A 1ymov , .. ypaq>1:1 . 6n "a<p 1 KcTo, 6nwc; o1t>.eri en! t1va Ka1p6v CV'tau0a ("ll' '" ) 0 "-· 0111 N a.,o A • n . Kat n llatOv TWV ac.,aatrov yovfoiv <ou, o vcap6c; Km tticA.mc; auµnoA.( tl']c; IC. n. Eup11ta{oc;. 0 El<; CIC TWV CICOotc.iiv tric; CV A0tjva1c; I: otA.cpou «<I>oovtj Na~ou - napou... uvo '11lµoa1cuµata Km 01lµomoypaq>1Ktc; o1aµaxcc; µc1a~u A B Sr\ Tile; ... npo61)ou., aqi. tv6c; Ka1 Trov Eup1rra{ou KOi Dpwt~vo~~~ plou aq> Ettpou txouv oav anottA.coµa va "i~"a 0 . " ' • ("( o "'> X OUV otKaat1KOI aywv~c; o Kee;) atll I:upo. ITA.1lpoq>0p(cc; yt. auttc; nal vou c an6 ta Cj)U~Aa 317 Tll<; 2 <I>tpp. 1909 ICQI 324 tile; 12 A np1A.i~u 19~9 TOO «A1yatou11.

...

8

fao q>. )24 0 M. np~tovotcip1oc; avaq>tpetat we; «QAAOTC OUVCICMn~c;» 11c Tov Eup1nmo, Tile; «Cl>Wvr\c; Na~ou - IT<ipouu. Toe t.i>t µa e1va1 av or1c; 12 Anp1).{ou 1909 o DpwrovoT<ip1oc; clxc a~o ~p~oEt arr6 t11v tKooall T1l<; Cl>rovtjc; r\ av ll lo1a ll cq>riµcp{oa etc 1)011 1eA.dac1. "' I:llµCIOOV?uµe cow OTI apy6tepa, TO 1926 ICUKAOq>6plloe Kat aA.All Cq>ll~Eptoa «<l>wvr\ ~a~ou - Tiapou ... Tile; rra).ai6tEPll<; <l>rovtj ocv PPllKa Kavtva avnTuno. c; ..~(j)c; No~ou .. (A0r\va 1911) l:to <p. 3 o1apa~ouµc: «<I>ct>c; N<i~ou. EPooµali1ala natp1wttKr\ c'Pllµcp!c;. E1C06Ta1 r. DoAUKpttllc;. M. llpwtovotap1oc; . Eto A. A0r\vat 3 Noq1pp(ou 191 J. Ap. (<p.) 3... · c;


Naf,1aKd ieoro; 17 - 18, 0KrdJ{Jpwc; 1987 - c/>e{Jpovdp1oc; 1988 LtTJ yt0ptrj tl]c; Kontjc; TT]<; ninac; n1c; ON AI: rt Ouoonovfiin µac; antvE1µE avaµvT]Ot1Krj nJ..aKtm ow IuHoyo :EKa0100Tci>v - Msoto-rci>v, y1a TT] OUVEXr\ napouoia Km npoomi0wi roo, y1a TT]v E7tttEu-

~Tl TWv oT6xrov Km Emo1ci>~Erov TT]<; ONA:E. EJ..niCouµE 6T16J..m 01 Na~1aKoi l:uUoyot ea cmo£i~oov ava/..oyo ~tlAO y1a 10 KaA6 TOI) VT]OlOU µac;.

Na~taKO: TeTp0:61a

IIOAITII:TIKA NASOY 1~i1<. 34. A}.w111 arov AixiJva <l><.vr. M. Mai.•o>J.d

0 rtvtKO<; rpaµµatf:a<; IloA.tturµou K. AA.ap<ivo<; <rtfl N a;o

ea

EKO/nCI(;. Aroµ1Kq tKOwfJ ay1oyp01p1Kwv etxovcov (Plot; Ilavayiac) npayuatonouiae aw llvwµauKo Ktvtpo rou t1qµov A017vwv '1 x. ElivfJ llpwrommaMx11 Ilanoxcoatavtlvoo tu: µeydJ..11. Orc(l){; mivra. emrvxfa. - 'Iptva Xe«: (Ovyartpa tfJ<; Ilapaaxtun; M<ipKov) npavuoxonotnae uta rnfa,,,;, aroµ1Kq txBea11 arov Ilapvaaao ue 01aKoaµfJt1Kd ,(ai~ Ka Biµara. Ta ax6A.1a. 01Ka10Aoy11µ£va. unqp¢av eoueviatam: Ta A.ai~ K<i avrd µorf unopoov va XP11a1µeuaovv aav npoton« mov<; ooavrovpyou<;. aanuoopvotu; K . ...lrc. «t ai; txr.1 avro vn61J111 rov o EOMEX. - Etu; 6 Ma1ov µE nprowpouJ..in TOU IuA./..6you Cll1/..rot1t<ilv 7tpayµnrn1t011'9rtK£ nava~1aKrj tK(ko11 µE tpya T(J)V Na~[rov KaA-

Paori Q\)tQ ta oxtOia Po110t;oc1 OtT] oriµwupyia cv6c; 0auµaOIOU xwpou y1a TT] VEOJ..n(a µnc; (nveuµanK6 KEVtpo, P1P/..t00tiKT], 0fotpo K.An.) Kai ea Poriflrjot:l OTT]V avnpa0µ1011 ttov 1t0Altl0tlKOOV npayµatrov roe tonou µac;. £Kt511A.roac1<;. Enc; 17 Anp. 7tpayµaT01tOt1°)011Kf. OtOV Flopvcoco wpaia EKorj/..roori y1a tT]V nupouctccn rou nnpaoomaKoli OloKou µc VT]OlOOTlKOU<; xopolic; Km tpayouo1a rrov: KouJ..ac; K/..ripov6µou, E18tp11. ftavvri ZEuyroA.ri Kat N. KovLt67tOUAOU. H Flcpouotcon ty1vc nn6 rov flnvv11 Mavt~oupavri µ£ E~atpEnKrj, 6nwc; navw, cmtuxia. tnc; 25 Anp1/..iou 0 AKao11µalK6c; IC. lwav. nanaS<iKT]c;. µIAT]OC Oto KtVTpO OaOlKWV Epeuvrov µE 0tµa ftnvv11c; I:. Kapaµavoc;, OTT] µvt\µ11 TOU nprotepyatri tT]c; EAAT]V. rcwpy(ac;. - 'fate; 3 Matou otriv Apxmo/..oytKrj al0ouoa npayµat0no1rjeT]K£ EKOrj/..roori µ£ oµIAT]Trj TO oriµoot0ypn<po Mcivo Xroptav67t01)Ao µe 0tµa «flcp1rjyriori oTO A1yaio µc touc; Ncotnrivi:c; /\up1Kouc; ... Enc; 3 fouviou npayµntonotEltat otov flapvaoo6 n~1rit1Krj c1eot;/..IJ.)011 tric; ONAI: y1a to KneT]y. NIKO Kt<pa/../..11v1aori. Kupwc; 0µ1/..ritt\c; o Ka0m. flavemotrtµiou K. o. OtKovoµio11c;. 1tOU ea 7tpopa/..e1 tO tpyo TOU N. Kc<pa/..A11v1aori yin tll Na~o. To EenttµPpri 'l ONA:E npayµat01tOlEi OTT] N~o nava~taK6 ouvtop10 µ£ 0tµa Ta noJ..mornca tT]c; Na~ou (Toup10µ6c;, ttxvri <lPXLtf;KtOVtKti K.A1t.)) L'v,Uoy11<d. AUO nK6µu ouUoyot 1opue11Kav CJtT]V Na~o. 0 I:uA.A.oyoc; Ano/..Awvtatci>v Kat 0 :EuJ..A.oyoc; Ko/..o~UAltWV 1t0U C7tavaouotn0riKc. Euxoµaott Ka0E oriµ1oupyln otouc; EuJ..A.6youc; autouc;. I81aftcpa o Eu/..Aoyoc; Anonwv1atwv txe1 µi:yaA.o t0up1ot1K6 tpyo va emtEJ..toct, a<pou o An6A./..wvnc; ano1c/..el tva nrr6 ta toup1on1e6repa µtpri tOU vrimou µnc;. ,,

pa

/..1rnxvrov oro xsvroo TOU 6rjµou (:~::xo/..t; E1>£A7tlOWV- no/..Uyrovo). To ytyov6c; 6t1 o ouvrovicrrp; \Tl<; 6/..T]c; npoona0w1c; Ei vet o Ka/..J..1ttXVTt<; H/... /\1aoup11c;. np6£0poc; mu l:oH6you Ay1oypa<prov EHaoac;. 7tpOE~O(j)AE{ tT]V Emrnx(n tl]c; ticGeoT]c;. H €Ke&ol] ea EnavaJ..T]qi0Ei TO Ka/..0Kaip1 OtT] Nci~o. 01 opynvontc; ornxcfouv 0' tvn ~l0Vtµ6T£p0 e1:0µ6 1tOU ea nvapaflµ(o£l tl]V KQAAltE)'.VIKrj ~OH\ tOU T61tOU µac;. - Bpapcla. ouo Na~101 ppaPtlitT]Kav np6mpata. 0 np6Eopoc; tl]c; E0v1Krjc; El'mpdac; EHt;vrov K. n. nt~oc; µE to A' KpattK6 A.oyott)'.VtK6 ppapdo OtT]yrjµaroc; yta to PiP/..lo roo «Anouvnpovcuµnta t:v6c; KIJptOU l((ll a/..Aa 01T]yrjµaTa» Kat O ClJ1/..otitT]<; KOlVCJ.lVIOA.6yoc; Kat oriµoo1oypci<poc; K. r. MouotaK11c; (l7t0 tOV OHE y1a tTI ouµpo/..rj too OTTJV npoaywyrj tmv apxwv Kat reov ot6xrov rou OHE OT11 xropac; µac;». Iuna{povtac; Kat rouc Mo Eux6µaotE T11 ppapeuort Kat aA./..wv ouµno/..ttWV µac;. - An6 to e0v1K6 '!Opuµa Neornroc EyKpi011Kc oav KnA.uttpT] T] µcA.ttri tOU rpa<pdou K. Mav. MavffiAO y1a tT]V avaKaLVT]OT] tric; naA.1ac; fn/../..1Krjc; ExoA.t;c; Oupcous.ivdiv oro Kaorpo Na~ou, ouv nvcuµanK6 Ktvtpo tT]c; Xc.Opac;. H avanu/..uiroori tT]c; txob\c; uc

tf(... , 48

:x:

xat

bn.nooraJ..EioTriv Noµapxia.

.

":t.

~ ~

~0

r1a tT]V avaK,a{v10Tj tT]c; ExoA.rjc; OupoouJ..1voov 06eT]KE 11 OEUoµEUCJT] y1a arravrri011 µton OTO CAQ)'.lOtO ouvnt6 XPOVlK6 ouiOl'T]µa an6 tll 211 Bu~avttvrj Eq:iopda. fta tOV CTupyo tOU f).t~OU, nva<ptp011KC 6tt c(vm tp{tll OE 7tpOtEpnL6tT]ta navEA./..ao1 KO 11 µctatporrt; tou OE B~avtiv6 Mouoe{o OE ouvouaoµ6 µE to Ol7tAav6 Kt{p10 too npoµnova 7tOU ana/..Aotpt<il0tiKE arr6 to TaµElo Aeponop1Krjc; 'Aµuvac; tov nEpaoµtvo 0Ktroµj3p10. fta nc; KaeuotEprjOEtc; one; EyKpioe1c; TC!lV OllCOOoµtKOOV aOCIOOV twv 101rotci>v ava<ptpeT] KE 6t1 o<pd/..ovta1 ac napa/..ei lf/Elc; TO>V µe/..etoov Kat OE £yy£ve!c; oooKo/..iEc; Tllc; apxmo/..oytKt\c; un11peolac;. Tl]V £7tOµtvri 0 rev. fpaµµatfoc; K(ll ta µt/..ri iou 0\0lKT]TlKOU KE,vtp1Kou Apxa10J..oy1Kou tuµpouA.(ou cmoKt<peTT]Kav t11v Tpayata. CTpE7t£t Va OT]µElCl)ee{ 6n 11 E7t{OKClflT] tOU f£VlKOO fpaµµatfo tOU Ynoupye{ou no/..1t1oµoli Km TOU ouv6A.ou tOU KEvtplKOU ApXatOAOYlKOU :EuµpouJ..lou arrotEJ..c{ yEyov6c; µcyiotTJc; oriµao(ac; yin to vrioi µac; nou anott/..EI n11yt\ tEpaonou nA.outou apxmotrjrrov. A.0. E<pµ. «Xropaftric;u

ME OK01t6 tllV E1t1t67tOU £~ttaori 0AIJ.)V t(l)V npoPA.11µaTffiV tlJ.)V OX£tlKOOV µ£ ttc; apxat6T11TE<; E7tlOKtq>t111CE tllV Na~o Otte; 21 Ka~ 22 A7tpt/..(ou 0 f£VtK6c; fpaµµattac; tOU Yno~pye{ou no/..tt,loµou Kci>otac; AA.apavoc;. ouvooeu6µevoc; an6 to ouvo/..o tOlV µEA(l)V tOU KEvtptKoo ApxmoA.oytKOU I:uµpo/..iou. T11v npci>Tll µtpa EylVC cruOKElflT] oto 011µapxclo µe TT]V ~uµµ£toxt\ tou Enapxou, 011µapxou, 011µot1Kou I:uµpou/..iou Km ~Urov tomKrov <poptrov Km ou~11trj0riKav 0tµata nou anooxo/..ouv tT]V n6A11 tT]c; N~ou, Kat ouyKEKp1µtva: fla to 011µapx1aK6Mtyapo11K.6poooy1civv11unooxteriKe6t1 en anavtrjOEl µtoa oc tpctc; pooµaoEc;. r1a tT]V avnn/..aori TT]<; 1t£p1oxtic; tl]c; fp6ttac;. ouµ<provt;et)KE va unoypa<pEI npoypaµµanKrj miµpaori µeta~u Taµdou Apxmo: /..1y1Kci>v CT6prov Kat otjµou yLn tl] oriµ1oupyla ApxmA.oytKOU napKOU --ouµ<pffiV(l µE TT]V 7tp6moT] tOU Kaem11rti Bao. /\aµitplvouO<iKT]- 7t0U ea OUVECl µc 7tE~61)poµo tT]V nnpa/..(n tl]c; fpot:ac; Km ta ITaMna roe; tl]V CTA.atda tT]<; Mrttp6noA.ric; avaowcvuovtac; 6J..cc; nc; apxm6tT]tEc; TT]<; ncpioxrjc;. - :---........ fin tlJV a~1oiroillolJ trov nnJ..anci>v c1nc.1>0t)KE Ott txei ouvta~ ... OXEtlKrj µ£AEtT] a7t6 TOV apx1TCKtoVa K. Ba01A.c1aori 7tOU CXEl

.. ~/ ~:J

o,va1a

n .~

49


H noptiooan yta tn aroivonou« atn Nd~o 1!1ANNHr K. nPOMDONA. Ta OµT)ptK<i C1tT) Kat to NeoexATJVlK6 OT)µot1K6 TpayoMit. Toµ., A' AOrjva 1987. «LIO npdrro 1µtjµa TOU PtPA.iou (mu Ka0T)y. Flcvemor nutoo ftOVVTJ Flpounovd) 1tapati0Evta1 -6nwc; (lV(l(p£ptl 0 iotoc; OtOV np6).oy6 mu- orix.ot rtov OµT)ptKci>v emi>v Kai TWv veoeA.A.T)VlKci>v 01wonKci>v rpayouo1ci>v, crou; oxolooc uznvrouv xoivd yA.woo1Kc:i orntx.da, croxv<i µc:iA.to1a 01TJV iOia OtoT) (apx.t) - rtA.oc;) rou 01(x.ou, Kat xotvot cK<ppaonKoi rpoxor. :Ero oeu1epo 1µt)µa napariOevnn aoxoA.iaota oµ TJPlKO x.wpia Kat Vf.OCAATJVlKQ OT)µOttK<i rpayou81a, nou tx.ouv xorvc f:lEµattK<i ornix.eia. To PiP/...io µe TT) oxenKtj otcip6pwori un:ripetd napciHriA.a µe rou; i:pwvrp:ucouc; TOU Kat Ka6ap<i 01oaKttKouc; oKonouc;. Km ri Kup16rcpri cpeUVT)TlKtl 01aniotwori dvm 6n T) itpooµrip1Krj em Kt) napcioooT) ornv on:oia Paoi~erat o 'Ounpo; Scv i:~a<paviotri KC µi: rri 01)v6wri TT)<; IA.1a0ac; Kat tT)c; Oouoi:tac; aH<i ouvtx.toi: tT)V nop£ia TT)<; µfoa om x.povo, yta va KataA.rj~et, crnvi:xwc; cµnA.oup1oµtvT) rn1 e~r./...too6µcvri ore veoeHTJVtKa oT)µonKc:i tpayouorn. A lltOV TO <p1).o)..oy1K6 <iOA.o 10V Katop6ci>ve1 0 K. FlpounovdqXUPT) 0111 "(AWOtKtj QV£0T) µe TT)V on:oia Ktvehat avc:iµeoa OtT) µUKT)VatKtj yA.wooa we; tT) ounpovri VEOEAAllVtKt). H µi:A.ttri mu ouyypa<pta anotcA.ei napaA./...fJ)..a Kat c0vtKtj ouupoA. tj, avaA.oyT) ~le eKdv11 tOU N. Iloxtrn Kat K. nanappfJY01tOUA.ou, ~11a an6:VTTJOTJ crone av0tA.A.T)vec; 6nwc; rov cI>aA.µepal\&p Km anouc; 1t01) on:oott)pt~av cm OEV onapx.et OOVE';(Eta '{Qt) £HT)Vlouo» Kat 6tt 01 oruieprvol 'EH11vec; Sev eivar yvt)otot an:6yovot rrov apx.aiwv EHt)vwv. 01 emP1woetc; non naptxe1 o K. Flpounovac; cvduccc orou; orix.ouc; TOU Oµrjpou Km TWV otixwv TWV OT)µottKWV µac; rpayouO!<ilV, Tl OJ.IOLOtT)ta tT)c; OKEljlT)<; Kat tow e1K6vorv tT)c; nupaliooT)c; Kat rou µuOou anorr.A.ot'>v ouvrpurnxri an:<ivc110TJ tou · EH11va Ka0T)YT)ttj npot; KaOi: Katr.08uvo11, ot)µepa µOAl<J'{(l nou Ol xcipoi etvm Kpiotµo1 KUl 1tOVT)poL Mi:/...Etci>vtac; tT)V KUTCl1tAT)KtlKll Kat OO(j)rj Clutt) OoUAEtci tOU <pi/...ou navr.1nCTTT)IHOK01'> KU0T)yT)ttl OKE<pt6µ01>v Otl ElV(ll 0 mo KUTQA/,11A.oc; y1u <'1 ouyypa<pt) evo; PiPA.iou ox.enKou µt <TJ .. yA.rooon» 11ac; nou nulpvovrnc At~ctc; uno TT)V OµT)pl Ktl &noxtj ea £~Etc:i0£l nwc; e~i::/...iooovtat ou1 pu~avnvrj enox.rj. OtT) A.6yta Kilt veosxA.11v1Ktj yA.ci>ooa µac; n:apa6hovcac; Olclq>Opa oxenKa xwpia, 6nwc; ort x.ouc; an6 rov · Ounpo, tT) po~avt1vt) not T)OT) Kat ta OT)µorncci µac; rpayotlota. H r.wµoA.oytKtl autt) <ptA.oA.oy1Kt) Kat A.oyorex.v1Ktl OOtJAWi ea an:otEAEo£l µta xpoot) yt<pupa tT)c; yA.ci>ooac; µac; an6 tT)V apxaia we; Tll ol>yxpovT) r;noxil, µ10 liooA.etc:i 1600 nncpaitlltT) ot)µepa n:oo µ£ tllV i:1opoA.rj ~EV(J)V ormxEiwv Kat ciAA.wv aniwv, 11 yA.wooa µac; t6oo K1voovcue1 µE Kivouvo va Katavtrjaouµe OUYXl)OVOl «CTOOEl.00>Vlclt€<;•>, Vil 0uµT)000µe A.(yo Kat to avaA.oyo n:oi11µa t00 Ka~aq>T). rx.cnKtc; cpyaolc.c; txouv ypaljlct Kat o AKaoriµai:K6<; K. P(J)µaioc; ( «J\aoypa<pia Kat · O~u1poc; - Oouoe1a) Kat o fa6.6T)c; Avaotamaoric; (H 01oaoKaA.ia twv OµT)puccliv cncliv µe tT) porjOcia twv oriµonK<ilv tpayouo1rov Kat rwv veoEH. napa06otcJ)v), tpyaoiEc; 6µwc; A.aoypo.<p1Ktc; n:ou oi: ouyKplvovca1 µ£ n1v Ka0apa auotT)Ptl <p1/...0A.oy1Krj 0ouA.1:1a tou rtav. Opoµn:ovc:i. To OauµO.oto, t€A.oc;, oc cµ<pavtoT), c~ci><poHo tT)c; µeAtrric; too Ka0T)yT)tl' CTpOµ!tOVa, )lE ti<; OUO AUpE<;, tT)V apxo.ia KOL tT)V KpT)tLKtj, 8ivc1, Kt aut6 to v6T)µa tT)c; empiworic; KCll tT) ouvtxe1a tT)c; nA.ouowc; n:o1rinKt1c; µac; n:apaoooT)c;, an:6 tT)v tnoxr\ tou Oµtjpou we; otjµcpa. N. KECl>AJ\J\HNJA£\H!:

yta

Naf,taKd revxos 17 - 18, 0Krw{Jp1os 1987 - </>e{Jpovdp1os 1988

BIBAIOKPITIKA E1dit}lro0'11 tou I:uA.A.oyou A y. ApGtviou, yw. tt)V 1tapovGiaG'l tou PtPA.iou ArEPI:ANI tou N. K1::<paA.A.11vtao11 :Eric; 19 £\cK. ota ypaq>Eia tT)c; ONAI:, o l:on. Ayi:poav1rotwv opyavwoc eKot)A.woT) yia tT)V n:apouoiaoT) tou PiPA.ioo AfEPl:ANI tou N. Ke(j)aA.ArivtaOT). To PiPA.io n:apoooiaoe o Ka0T)yT)tt)c; naven:. K. £\T)µt)tptoc; OtKOvoµioT)c;. Ta «Na~rnKa» OT)µOOLEUOUV autt) tT)V napoooiaoT). napouoiamc; toU PiPA.iou «Ayepoavi» tOll N. KE(j)ClAAT)VtaOT) un:6 £\. B. 01Kovoµi0ou, KaflT)YllTOU nav/otJ. Me rriv ono tou «l:oH6you Ayiou ApoEvioo Na~ou., tKliooiv tou EK 404 oEA.iowv p1pA.iou, n:ou (j)tpet tov ritA.ov «AyEpoavi N<i~ou .. npooti0Etm tvac; aK6µTJ KpiKo<; etc; tT)V A.iav noA.unµov a/..uoioa t11c; tot0piac; Kat TT)<; A.aoypa<piac; tT)c; pao1A.i0oc; rwv KuKA.a&.>v vt)oou µac; Nci~ou. T11<; aA.uoiooc; aurt)c; tT)V o<pupT)AatT)OlV an6 µaKpou Katepyc:i~etm µe toimrtpav ayanri Km (l(pooiwotv etc; ro aµ6v1. tou n:v&uµtoc; tou o Etc; 6A.ouc; T)µac; yvwot6<;, oia tT)V ouyypa<ptK1'v wu cnl Na~1aKci>v 1orop1Kci>v Kat A.aoypa(j)tK<i>v 0eµ<itwv opaOtT)plOtT)tO OtQte/...toac; µa011tJ1c; µOU EV tW 1taV£1ttOttjiuw AOT)vci>v N[Koc; Kc(j)aHriv1aoT)c;. o on:oloc; lhapKclic; npoo<ptpc1 &.>prov tov 1rveuµanK6v autoo µ6x.Oov Ilia tT)V n:payµaton:oirioiv Ev6c; t6ooo wpaioo 1Sav1Kou, anopA.tn:ovtoc; Etc; tT)v ouyK€vtpro01v Kat µEAETT)V TOO n:A.ouo1rotcitOO lOtOplKOU Kat /..aoypa<ptKOO uALKouc; &v6c; t6n:ou, 0µ01ci~ovcoc; an:6 n:oAA.rov an:6~erov n:poc; µ1Kp6v n:A.avt)tT)v ev TW A tyairo nEA.ciyec;,wc; E:x,apaKtT)ptoE tT)V Nc:i~ov µ~ otaKcKptµcvoc; ~tvoc; ouvaoEA(j)6c; µou. , napa/..A.tjA.ro<; npoc; tT)V 1tV£tJµanKt)V, W<; e(n:oµEV, 7rpOO(j)Ol)OV. tou NlKotJ Kt(f)OHT)vtciST) paiv£1 11 avtiotot:x,oc; uA.tKtj twv 01a<p6pwv Na~iaKci>v .EuH6ywv, 810 tTJc; onoiac; Enp<iyµaton:orj0rioav ta ~tjc; an6 to 1963 Kat µtxpt orjµcpov PtPA.la too ev /...6yw ouypa<ptroc;, I. navay16. T) Cl>tJ.wri ttooa, £KOOOt<; tOU «l:IJH6yoo lll1A..ronTWV» to 1963. Kata to 1985 ElOE tO <pwc; tT)c; oriµoo16tT)tOc; TEtapTT) ouµn:A.ripwµtvri tK0optc; tou PtPA.£00 tootou. 0 riupyoc; tT)c; nA.aKac; one; Tpin:ooec; Na~ou. un6 tOU .. tuAA.6you J\t1Pao1tci>V» Kata to 1963. 3. To µovaorrj pt tou A yiou EA.w0epiou oto LnyKpl, tx.oA.tj t11c; Na~ou Ota xp6v1a TTJ<; ToupKOKpatiac;, tK0oo1c; TOO «LUAAO)'OUlliyKptWTWV» Kata to 1978. 4. Tpinooec;, TO xropt6 tWV avcµoµuA.wv un6 tou «.EoH6you Tpmoo1wtci>v Kata ro 1979. 5 . Kata to aut6 hoc; i;~e060T) o £\aµapt<Ovoc;. t0 n:apaoootaK6 pt6 tT)c; NO.~ou un:6 tOU u!:uvStoµou (j){A(t)V £\aµapici>voc;». 6. H Movt) to x.wp16 navay1ac; tTJ<; £\pooiavtj<;, umS tou l:uH6you ~wv Mov1atci>v, Kata to 1984. 4. H Movrj Xpuooot6µou otT) Xwpa Na~ou, avattin:ov CK tT)<; E(j)T)µEpifoc; «Na~taKtl rip600oc;», n:ou eoriµometi0T) etc; OElJtEpav EKOOOIV un6 tOU !:uH6you Na~lwv Kata to 1985. 8. Kara to aut6 ttoc; e~eooOri Kat eKuKA.o(f)oprjOri Tl n:oA.u~ otA1ooc; An:dpav6o<;. ono tou .. noA.1ono-ctKou Kat Aaoypa<p1Kou

eow

. ..

xw-

TOMOIA'

AeHNA 1117

E1K.

35.

'"o~"L

50

Etc; 6A.ouc; autouc; t0u<; Na~taKOuc; I:uAA.6youc;, ot onoio1 Sia twv 010LKT)ttK6>v autwv ouµpouA.iwv Kat µex.pi wu an:A.ou µEA.ou<; tWv oov£PaA.av Kat ouµpc:iUouv etc; tT)v n:payµatonoirimv cv6c; t6oov wpaiou 1oav1Kou Kat tov n:oA.moµ6v 01aKovouvtoc,, tpyou O(j)ElAOVtat xap1tec;.

1~

Oµ!A.ou Anc1pav6ou». 'A~1ov 011µ£16>oewc; Elvm 6t1 EK rrov 1'Sri ava(j)cp0tvtwv ta PtPA.ia TplnooEc; Kat £\aµap1ci>va<; f:tuxov np<Otou ppapElou un6 tou EOT, KataA.aµpavouv St' c:in:avta 1693 oEA.ioac; 0 ouyyp(l(j)cuc; we; 0 !Stoc; µou Kattotrioc yvwot6v, txc1 np~ypaµµatioc1 Kat cpyc:i~ern1 81a va tA.Ooov eic; cpwc; Kill ta E~tjc; aKOµT) tpya tOU. I. To Kc:iotpo TWV ravoo&.>v OtT) Xci>pac; tT)c; Na~ou u1r6 tou «.EoA.A6you Xwpai'tci>v» 2. K6pwvoc;, un6 «I:uH6yoo KoP~v~otatci>v••. 3. MtAavec;, to xwp16 toov vi:poµu/...rov, un:6 rou «I:'hA.6you MeA.dvwv» Kat 4. rA.1vcioo - r~A.avaoo KCll T~n~aµoAO.yKc:iOa, un:6 tOU «LUAAOyou rA.1val31wtCllV".

~~w.~ ~0

01

·~~ 818 ~

51

01 µi:tayevfori:po1 A.aµpavovte<; £1<; xdpo.<; Kat avay1v<i>oKovcec; ta we; avw PiPA.ia, n:civton: ea wyvwµovouv OU µ6vov TOV ouyypa<pta, a),A(i Kat touc; EKOOta<; t(t)V .. HOT) ea Kaµw oovroµov A.6yov 010. to on6 tov titAov «AyEpoavi» vfov PtP/...lov tOu N. Ki:(j)OAAT)Vtaori. Touto n:ept/...aµpavE1 Mo Kupiwc; µtpT), to totopiKo KO\ ~o A.aoypa<ptK6. H lOtOpia tOt) xwpiou E)'.EI (j)llOlKa oA.tywttpav EKtaO~V an:6 TllV ,AaOypa<ptK1'V TOO, on:wc; (j)OlVEtCll Oa<pciJc; EK tllc; ouyKpioewc; tT)c; OAT)<; aµ<po1tpwv. To x.wpt6 liEv Eiva1 EK twv n:aA.atottpwv tT)c; vtjoou. Triv KatatomonKrjv n:Ep1ypa<pt)v wu wpa(ou n:apaoootaKou A£1Palloxwpfou, tfJV ovoµaoiav rou µEta<; emron:iac; n:apao6oi:ic; Km tac; n:oHouc; t0nwvuµiac;, rac; EKKA.T)oiac; µe to.<; emypa<pcic; twv, tac; a(j)tEpclioe.1c; - Ev0uµt)oEtc; rwv f.KKAT)otaot1K<ov PiPAiwv, tTJV ev yEvEt 1ot0p!av tou eni TT) PcioEt /...ai'Kcliv npo<poptKci>v n:apaMoEwv K(ll av&KOOTWV £yyp<i<pwv, at00T)t01t0lOUV n:oH<i cmrnxt) oxtoia Kat ~WT)pa{ <pwroypa<plai. To aut6 1oxue1 Kai o1a ra 6auµao1a, E~WKKAtjma TOu Ay£poaviou. lotaiti:pov evoia<ptpov n:apouota~ouv Kill ta K£<pa/..ma«Apxm6t11r£c; or' Ayepoavi» µi: tac; apxal~ etc; rriv nEptoxtjv tono0Eolac; Kai t0 Xpov1K6v tT)c; Kot vot1Kt)c; Km K01vwv1Ktjc; ~wt)c;. AKOµTJ Km ra rnclivuµa Kat ta ~antiottKc:i ov6µara twv Kato!Kwv £vo1a<ptpouv tT)V En:tor11µoviKt) tpeuva.

T?

nA.ouotci>tat~v A.aoypa<ptK6v µtpoc; TOu p1pA.[ou tvtxc1 6A.wc; 101ancpav OT)µaoiav. To n:apan0.tµEvov uA.1K6v eivm i:mcrt11µovtK<ilc; Katatctayµtvov ~nloT)c;. Paoct avEyvw~1oµtvou un:o twv c101Kcliv ),aoypa<pwv axel>LO.~. Outw 0 U~tK6c; Pto~ TOU A.aou n:i:p1A.aµpavi:1 1tEptypa<pac; tT)c; A.atKtl<; ~atotKtac; µt E~atpeta crx£010 tT)c; Evoupaoia<;, on:oOtoew~, Koµµwaewc; Kai KaA.A.wmoµou, twv rpo<pci>v µc ta notKIA.a oKEuTJ (EL~ o~tota), tT)c; yi:wpylac;, o.µn:cA.oupyiac;, EA.awupylac;, no1µcv1Koo Ptoo µcA.1000Koµiac; Km tT)c; ~lOtE:x,viac;. l:riµavt1K6v enloric; eivm to KC<pc:iA.ato tou icoivrovtKOu Piou e ta £01µ0 tT)c; yEvvt)oi:wc;,tou yaµou Kat tT)<; tEA.euttj<;. EvtunwC::v 181at.tpav n:apoumc:isc1 ro n:A.ouo1ci>tatwv KE<paA.atov tou n:veuµattKou Plou µi: ta t01µa <T)<; A.ai:Kt)c; 0pT)oKEuttK6TT)toc; Kat A.atpciac; µe ta n:aA.atci /...atp€UttKa Kci/...avta, ta t01~1a rric; anoKpiac; K.a. At µay1Kai n:lotE1c; Ka1 OE101oaiµovcc; n:pa~E1c;, at aotpoA.oyiica1 lio~aotai Kat 11 A.a!K1) 1atp1Krj aKoA.ot.J0ot'>v. A~16A.oyo1 Eivm at n:apaHayai 011µot1Kci>v rpo.yououiiv Kai ta

6aa ypa<povtm 01a ta µouo1Ka 6pyo.va Km rouc; xopo1)c;. TtA.oc; ta atv(yµata Kat A.oyon:a{yv1a, at n:apo1µ{a1, Ill uppe1c;, Cll Katapat Kat Ill napaOQOEt<; ouv0houv tT)V ypa<p1Krjv Kai tvrovov an6 o.1r6ljl£W<; n:e~1exoµtvoo Kat µop(f)l)<; ELK6va tT)<; napaooo1aKt)c; A.alKtjc; tOU xwptou swtjc;. To anapaltT)tO yA.woo<iptov KA.Eie1 TO PiPA.iov xptjmµov 1Sia ota touc; ~tvou<;. ' KA.clwv tT)v ppaxElav aurtjv ava(j)op<iv µou 010 to «AyEpoav(,. 0ewpci> avayKaiov Va O'UY::(apw Kat €UXClPlOttjow toV «l:uHoyo~ tou Ay(ou Apcrcvlou» 810. TllV uA.tKtjv tTJc; EKop6oewc; n:pocr(j)opc:iv tou, tov ouyypacpta Kat eKEivou<; n:ou tov EPor\6T)oav om tTJV ouYKEVtprootv tTJ<; uA.ric; Kat OT) tT)V avmcp6Eopov tou «l:uAA.6you .. Kateplva Aproavou, TTJV oovaoeA.<pov rou ouyypa<ptwc; ll>IHma KapaµnatoT), 81~ TT)V n~pax.roprioiv n:A.ouolac; no.A.atc:ic; ouHoyt)c; tT)c; A.aoypa(j)lKOI) UALKOU, an:OtEAOUOT)c; tT)V P<iotv TOU ocuttpou tµt)µatoc; tou teyoo un6 tov titA.ov «J\aoypa<pia .. tT)v li18aoKaA.1ooav l:o<p(av KanOUVT),t0uc; ounp6vouc; 0100.0KciA.ouc; tou OT)jJOtlKOU .ExoA.E,iou AyEpoav.iou Kat touc; N1K. £\T)µT)tpoKaHriv. Mav. Mapyap1t11v (ToayKapT)v), tov n:aA.mov opyavon:aiKtT)v


N. K. Ilo siuatuoi Nd~ov Baa. Kcrrpriv Kat ooouc mp11yr\611icav e1c; rov auyypmpta 8ui<popa laoypa<p11C<i r\ <iHa CJTO\XEia. Enia11c; rov np6d)po TT)<; IC01v6n1roe N. Kupcuxdrcnv 81a ta eic rou corvornxou ApxdolJ npoa<pi:pOtvm 1atop1ic<i at01xda, we; Kat rov Mav. Zepov, rov orpcnnov K. Zropov K(ll TOV ta~iapxov fa<i611v Ooeovov Iha tT)V auyypmprjv rou KE<paA.a!ou tT)<; tatopiac; TT)<; 1:6v1icrjc; avnat<iaewc; xnt<i rnv icat0xr\v. I8taitepat euxaptCJtim O(j)elAOVt(ll Et<; tOV nauA.ov Avuvvcoo ro7tOUAOV Ota tac; avcovuµouc; <pcanoypaq>iac; rou PtPA.iou, tac; nvnicouaac; etc; curov, . Hc511 mOavwc; va €pCOTTlCJT) icavi:ic;. acv EUptjicatf; xovsvo lj/Eya0\ Et<; to PiPA.iov; Am:ivtT)atc;. Yn<ipxouv µeptKa, aA.A. · oq>eiA.ovtm etc; tunoypa<ptK<i aPA.emrjµata, ta onoto o ic51oc; o auyypaq>tac; lhopO<ilvEt cni q>u/...Aou npa11pt11µtvou etc; to ttA.oc; roo PiPA.iou. 'AA.Aoc; iacoc; epciltT)CJT). Kavtva ouomo nxo a<p6.lµa Ssv cuprjKate 11 ou8Eµiav 81a<popov yvroµ11v txete eni µEptKcilv ~T)tT)µ6.tcov; An<ivt11mc;. Ouotv PiP/dov Kat mu nA.fov tm<pavouc; Kat Kata~troµtvou ouyypaq>troc; civet ttA.ewv Atyov rnv teA.cutaia At~tv. Av

fl nopdooon via tn aroivonoua atn Nd.l,o

ouvtPatvE TOUtO, oouoi:µia CltlCJtr\µ11 0a ECJT)µcirovc npoooov n.x. etc; ta ioropucc ~T)trjµuta rou xcopiou nou oxcti~ovtm µE tT)V upxmotT)ta o e181ic6c; apxmoA.6yoc; slvm Sovutov vu unoypaµµia11 K<itt nA.11µµeAtc; rj va c51atunwa11 81<iq>opov, aH<i icaA.onpoaipErov, yvroµ11v. Touto eiva1 eunp6aOEKtov Kat emP<iAA.Etat.Oc; npoc; tOV 7tAOUtOV KOi tTJV Kat<ita~lV tT)<; AaOypaq>11ctjc; U).TJ<; E~E<ppaaa TTJV nA.tjpT) tKaV07t0lT)CJlV µou. O eupeuvnrru; txci noH<i ve (l)q>EA.tj011 t:K avayvwoe(l)c; rou PiPA.iou. H axoA.aat1ic11 napatr\p11a1c; 6n 1r.x. ta ypaq>Oµeva nepi µouatK<ilv opydveiv etc; tTJV nap<iypaq>ov m;pi rov nav11yup1ci)v txpsns vu evtaxOouv Et<; to Kat(l)tf;p(I) nepi rou Ev A.6yro opvcvev Kat xopci)v KE<paA.a(ou, ouc56/...coc; µetoovouv tTJV a~iav rou tpyou, nou nptnci vn 81apaaOl) ou µ6vov un6 roiv noAA.oov, al.A.a Km un6 tCOV ElOKWV, ttov OCJXOAOU~1tvcov µE tT)V tCJtopiav Kat t11V AOOypa<piav t11<; xwpac; µac;. 6TJµ. B. Oucovoutorp; Ouor. Ka011y11tt1c; ton Ilcvemornuiou A011voov

N. Kt<pal..J.. 11vui&11

znrtweor

AEQTEI:

7t01JV OtO C~W1CpLK6 (<l>ACllpCVTiU) civm 0 rlCiJpyO<; noAUKpatl'lc;. Ta «Nu~1aicci,. apxisouv ano rn nap6v tcuxoc; rnu.; n1v npopo/,rj TWV ~Wyj)O(j)WV µm;. XWf)i<; OCtpci 0SlOA6y11CJtj<;, KOl l!U· paKO),ouv 6001 (l7t0 (ltitOu<; -KQ\ KUj)IOTCpa Ol KatastwµtVOl- OlA.01iv HJV napo1icriaatj touc; vu µac; anocrrr.iA.A.ouv auvroµo pwypaq>tKO 1ouc; oriµciwµa Kai ~1ep1Ktc; q>wtoypaqiii:c; tpywv touc;.

H N<i~oc; 61aOi:t£l µta µaKpci KQAf.ltCXVtKr\ napa60011 o no n1v apxaiorrirn µtxp1 crtjµepa. To KuUrn:xv11C6 6uvaµ11c6 tTJc;, Kup16n:pa crrr1 yA.unnK1j Ka11;coypcup1Ktj, civat ~1cyciA.o. Ot Mo nava~1aictc; tKflfoEt<; icot noA.Atc; aTOµtKtc; Kai o~taOtKtc; Nasirov l;coypciq>wv txow anooci~f.l we; ni1pa lllV l!Ot0Tt)1U t()l) tpyou wuc;. re 1p1civm ncpinou av(:pxovra1 01 Asclin:c; t;wypciqio1 or]µcpa Kl ovciµr.crci ro1)c; Ka1 noUoi ay1oyp6.1po1. Ano 10uc; mo yvwornl><; sW)'j)U(j)Ouc; Kai y).untcc; µa<; nou Otarrpt-

A7to<Jt.

I:axci<; rou KU1 rraisc1 µc ro yaA.ci~10 n1c; O<iA.aaaac; Kat ro cicrnpo rmv µapµO:pcov. 'Exc1 Kcivc1 tfootpc1c; aro~11Ktc; cKOf.at1c; K1 txc1 lciPE1 µtpoc; or. noHtc; 0µ001 Kt<; ae 81ciq>opa no/...1at1 Kci KCvrpa. LfllV 511 navc/...Atjvta i:K0£0ll talavrnuxcov nµi)Ot]KC ~IE Bpapcio. · Exc1 ica),i:c; KpmKtc; an6 to B. Kouvtoupio11, to Xp. Avayvwat6 Ka1 6tjµ11tpa ToaA.aµ<i. ·

rcvvTj011K£ CJfll Kti1µ1aKtj Ncisou, TO 1946. :=:cKivnoi; an6 µ1Kp6c; µc to crxto10, rrtpaac 6).ouc; rouc; tp6nouc; arr6oocr11c; t11c; Zwypaq>1Kt\c;. om) rtµncpa, noattA µc Kat<i/,,1~11 crw '·~?1· yupw Oto 1970. napaKOAOu0110t axt/)10 CJfll cr;:o/,tj L.\osLOOf'I KQl 6011A.c1·ir.1 orr<irnu),u K<ll mvt/...o. 11 tEvxorporria tOU civat vi:olµnpca1ov1an Ktj. To Kud.aoinKo (j)W<; yqiit;e1c; rnuc; nivaKcc;

E11.:. J6. 0 Ay. MarBaior; atu;

Tpinootc. xuouevot; tuivo: at: nponorpsauavuco va6. <Pwr. K. rp1:Pcv1wr11

EiK. J8. Ji r.upr.ai1 KW 17 ppr5017 r17<; Ay1d<; an7v rrep1ox1j r17<; Kw1'1aK1j<;. J7ivaKc<; An. Eaxa

E1K. 17. T;.a}J.111 y1r11pu)wro1j at o 01incoo rou Ay. MarOaiov. nap1auJ.vt11u:p1KoKA.doa ff}.aKar;.

<Pwr. K. rpcPcv1wu1

K1aaor5. O va6r; ppiaKcra1 Kovrd atov fl1ip)'O T'f<;

£/K. 39. J]av<lyfa

11 Kcp<i au7v Ap6µat,,., Kopwvov. DivaKa<; An. Eaxa

53

52


Naaax« revx0<;; 17 - 18, OKrwfJp1oc; 1987 - <PefJpovdp1oc; 1988

N. K. Ilosrttatuoi Nd~ov

M. MANQAA fcvvtj01)KC or n xwpa N<il';ou, TO 1928. A n6 na1oi cl)'.C ay<inT) l;;(l)ypa<p1Ktj Kat TOV aOA.rinoµ6. faa 1952 cpy<iOlflKC ou Po1106i; xovrd orov /i1aKcKp1µtvo l;;wypcupo fac<jl. ApµaA.1w<ri w<; to 1980. fari µaKpoxp6v1a au1tj ouvcpyaoia fot'1Af.111c l;;wypmpii;;ov10.<; PusavT1vt<; rn1xoypa<jlic<; or«; r.l;tj<; CKKAl)oic<;: Ay. Tp1<iSa Oc1paHi<; (IO xp6v1a). Ay. Bcpjlcpc Flcrnotoiv,

Koiµ11011 Ocotoxov. oTO <I>1A.li>T1 Nal;ou, A11 Frcvvn Pcvm Kat Tuno t1a1Jp6 NTr.vouorii; (nou TOv ay1oypci<pwc anoKA.c1cmxc). AoxoA.ciTOt oopapci uc TO noprpuiro, uc tonic uc cxouopc:U..a, <tµ ncpa ka1 nciow;. · Exo A.<iPi:1 µtpo<; or no:U..t<; exOtcmi;.

Oll)

rtvtKtl

l:UVEAEU<J1]

6.12.87 A1to!voy1<Jµo<; bpa<J11<; Toll. Al:UCll)

!. Tl)<; O.NA.I:. ouyK<iACCI£ Tl)V CTIJCJl(l TaKHKr\ rr.v1Ktj !uvt-

rrev cvn

npocemeiv rrov I:oH6ywv µr.Awv rr1<; O.NA.I:. om; Kup1aKtj xrn wpa IO n.µ. CITriV ai0ouoa CKOl']ld.OOt:WV t(JJV ypa-

6.12.87, <pdwv Tl)<; Ztjvwvoi; 7 - 9, 5oc; 6po<poc;. ME 0EMATA

AnOAOrII:MOI:

APAEHE

XpovoAoyia I:uvtlip. A. 2:11µ~. Kat E1et. fpaµ. F.y,,paip. ato np<llt. 19 6 - 1984

54

~

":/-. ~0

•.'

01va1a

~

i

.~

1985

1986

1987

18

20

22

55

8()0

200

J04

609

..,1e1vav I 111:p(nou y1a CKllT)A.<iloc1r.,. Km r.yypa"o' • 6 nwc; Tl']V a• , .,. 11.oy1a l!OKaAtoav Tl)V U1toAOl1tl) oouA.t1ci µa,. -<ro1 4 tyyp ., 'I Q(jl(l va lll!OU\I (QI \IQ pyouv an6 Tfl\l O.NA.t. Tl)V l']µtpa µE tir., OCKOo~r -. vo1vo ~ no1.1"oc1c; nou t y1vav y1a Kci0c tyypa<po l(Ql CIKE<pOcitc Tn·1 OOUA'1"1 • " U {'UUKTU11.0ypacpl)OI) npcot6KoHo, unoypa<ptc;, o<ppayiocr.,, ypa11µaro' Ol)µo • TCl)'.Uupoµl)CJI)) < • ' .. Tj rt<; 01tOµayVl)TO(j)WVTjOE1.c;, tj TU n PCIKTI KQ ti ti<; Cl!O<ptc; rj Tl<; ll)AE(j)WVIKt<; t100l!Oll\01:1c; Kai TQ Tl)ACypa<p-<µara Km vwp ' . , , 'I ,._ IOT(l• lfl <uOU11.t1(i TOU l!EPIOOIKOU No~lOKO, {OAI) • 016p0cool) 2 - 3 ••optr ,. ~' .,. .,, 11 .. ta<pop.., <pa·

noµ6 Opciol)<; TOil J 987 TO L\.I:. TOY )'.<ilp10C CIC 5 toµd<;. I fla1ocia - Ko1vwv1Kij 1tp6vo1a II 01Kovoµ1K1\ av<inlll~'l - Avanlll~taKl<; 0011tc; Ill noAltlCITIKC<; llo11c<; IV OpyavcunK<i /\1:1toupy1K<i Y faof}AWCIC1<; Autoi 01 TOµd<; cixavc cni 11tpouc; oT6xouc; µE 0Ko1t6 Tl)V ouvtx1011 Tl)<; CIVOOIKtj<; nopdac; Tl)<; O.NA.I:. l(J)V TEACIJTaiwv xp6vwv KQI o<palptKTj napaKoA.0001101) K(l1 npow011o'l 61..wv TWV npop!.l)µciTwv rou Vl)0100 µac;. 0 [010<; 611wc; o npoypaµµa110µ6<; 1!1:p1CAclj.1pavE KOi TOY Tp61tOU

""'"ol•o~ '°"·

1984

Af}AaOti an6 tic; 300 epycio1µ1:c; µtptc; t~w 1 , .., 60 OIQK01t(t)' v n.aoxa x p1Ka"OK. t.)'.OUµc 2 40. 01 93 t<puyav µi: ouoKbuc r 0T. < • ' 50 ... ,., - CIUVCup1aoE1c; Kai

11aT1C1µ6 no11 tqmu~c toll.I:. nou ontpxcrm Kat t.x.c1 01)µ001wt£i aro T. 12 - 13 Twv Na~10Kwv aHci Kai oTaAOriKc orouc; I:uH6youc;. ntpa 6µwc; 071' (ltJTO, tO 0tµa TOU npoypaµµanoµoti op<iol)<;, 0o µac; owoc1111v tt)KCltpia va o~l)Ti\ooupE rov tp6no iiouAEL<i<; Ka110uc; oT6xouc; 111c; O.NA.I:. na:pvovtac; un · 61Vfl µac; tl)V µtxp1 t<ilpa nopcia Tl)<;, TOV ;(WpO 710U KIVClTCll l(QI OAf~ Tit; UAAE<; OUyKup(cc;. Ac; l:p0w Twpa CJTOV a1tOAOy10116 OtJOlaCJlll(OTEpa. Tov 1tpoypaµµa-

,~.o~ ', ~:"' ' ' " "'"

T(J)V I:uHoywv KOi µr.p1Kt<; lit ono QUTtt; rjrov k'OIVC<;

I:c 5 - 6 ouvt:op11:ioc1<; napappt.el)KE o BollACut-<r n · .,., N . A c..,oy1ovv11c; µi: Tl)V 1016Tf}T<l TOU TCCJJ<; npotopou me 0 • NA • r • K'·1 •{ . • .,., "' L xa11c l(QI !TOVIJ) Ql!O• 20 5)ouvcpyao(cc; y1a 01a<popa ~'lTr\11ara rou viioiou • y • II 0r.,1 rou. napxouv E1t!ol)c; 36 µoyvl)t0<pr1wijoE1c; oovcopi<iocwv. 6) Tripr\llf}KE Ql!OUOIOA6y10 l11lV µCAWV rou A.!. 7) <Ka/.toaµc noHt<; 1popt<; rov Ton1K6 T1'1no ~a • ~ 1 m 13001K 6 Tcpo OUVCopta~OUµE l!QVTOTC CIVOIKTQ Onµ6010 µ• ,.1 •u0 · • '6 • ·1 ° ~"" i;p1a 11. you oc 6· Aouc; Tour; nopcupLoK6µcvouc;. 8) .LI:ro 1tpwT61eoUo ti)<; O.NA o i:ivuµc na·vwan6 600 · ' ' • " cyypa<po xropiorc a716 TO npcoTOKOAAO TWV Na~taK<i.1v. r10 C1UyKp1011 Ila avo<pi:pcu CIUVOAIKU:

Tl)v T.A. tj wuc; 6.Houc; <popcii:;. E>a CJT<l9(i) 6µwc; ouyKEKp1µtva Otl)V ;(pOVIKtj E~i:Al~I'] Kai OE apL0µ01i<; Clp;(IKU Tl)<; opUCll)t; µa<;, KOi OTl)V ouvtxc1a l!OVW CllOV flpoypaµ-

:,.(fl.~~ ii.........

I) · Eyivcv 21 ouvEop16oc1c; TOU ll.I:. 2) 'Evivcv 34 ouv1:op11:iow; ti)<; E.r. 3) ·~y1vav 10 CIUOKE\j/CI<; µr. TOU<; npocopouc;

4) • ~y1vav napa Jt~AAC<; CIUOKtljlCI<; (y1a 28 unrjp)'.OV npcxn KO) jlC clllTpOl!C~ µc unoupyou~.111: U1tl)~CC11aKo~ nap<iyovn;r;, Noµcipxci;, • Enapxo K.An., µc <pop~tc; Tl)<; Na~ou, µr. rnv T.A .• Kat µc rouc <popcic; !TO~ 'l ONAI: ouµ~ETE;(EI 60/\T, EK YT, lopuµa on\pt~I)<;. K. Y., E opciu noAITICITIKOU Ktvrpou IC.Alt. (jl

0 npotopoc; Tl)<; O.NA.I:. Mov. Mavwl..6.<; tl(QVctva l!CptAflllTIKO ollOAOy10µ6 Tr}<; op<iol)c; Tl)<; O.NA.L y1a Tf}V xrov11i l!OU ntpooc CIC Cl)'.Eol'] µr. tOV npoypaµµanoµ6 op6.ol)c; l!OU EiXE Ka0op(Of.l to A.I:. Tfl<; OTl)V apx1\ Tl)<; 0riTtlac; mu Kai o onoioc; cixc xapoKTl)p10Tci oav Kupi:pvriT1K6 np6ypaµµo N<i~o11 an6 yvwoT6 ll/vTTj c<pl)µEpioac; tou Vl)CllOU. Al)l1001cliouµc cow µcp1Kci anoonaoµara Tl)<; 0µ1A.ioc;. I:1Jµnotp1wr1:c;. ACV txw OK01t6 va UKOA0tJ0Tjow Tl)V npaKnKTj l!OU 11txp1 tci.>pa CJtlKp(lTOl>Clt: CITO\/ A1tOAOy10µ6 Tl)<; rev. I:uvtA.. ti)<; O.NA.l:. lie 0a om:; KOUpamo µI; ava<popi:c; OE AElttOµtpCLCt; n6.vw OTI'] opclOlJ tl)c;, OUTC 0o m<iow va anap10µrjo(I) ta Na~LaKci npopArjµora Kai TO n tKavt: 'l oc1• tKavc 11 Oµoonovliio rj n f.y1vc Km n nptnc1 va yivc1an610 KpciTo<; I\

EtK. 41. H Xwpa N<if,ov. fl1v. L1. flep1aup<iK,.,.

AoT.tj 'l oou/.r.10 EmypaµµanK<i ouvowH;cta1 µr. rouc napaK<iTw ap10µoui;:

TOt~<; TCW<; npolopou<; T•I)<; 0.NA.!., ll.I:. KOi np6topo1 l:uA/..6ycov.

I} Anol..oy10µ6c; ncnpayµtvc1Jv - 'EyKp1011 - AnaHayrj 2) 01Kovoµ1K6c; ano)-oy10µ6c; J) · EKOco11 E~c/.. Emrponrjc; 4) npoypoµµano116c; op6.orii; cn611cvOI) XPOVOIJ 5) Op10116c; xp6vou KQI roxou apxmp:;o1ciJv 6) EKA.oytj c<popcunKtj<; cmrponijc; 7) ll1<i<popu - Avcxorvooc«; - ljll']<pioµara

/;;tK. 40. fl Mopru5uJmaaa. !7iv. LI. flcp1arcp<iK'1

O.NA.I:.

Ktl..<oµa, raxuop6µ1011) KOt )'.Wp1ot<i TO Aoy1otrjp10 11a<;, Tl) oou'A. • Ol)A. too Taµ(a. tia Na y1ari TO µtA11 n1c; E.r. KaBc <popa µ6A1c; Tcl..ci<i)(Jci 11 al)rcia mu Cl;(EO~v 6/.01 t~a<p~v(~ovra1 an6 Tl']V 0.NA.L H t~l\YJlCIT) civai on).~ txou1 c~ouOcvw~c1. Avt<pcpa 6n o npoypaµµanoµ6<; ncpidci •Pave l(QI TOY Tp61to OollACIQ<;. I

H µe06ocuori tyive jlC tic; µ6v1µtc; Ql!O Tl)V opxtj TOil xpovou KaOop10µ£vtc; y1a • OAO TO xp6vo ouvcop1ciot1c; KOL (TlJOKt"'"•c; • .,.., · Tn.,v 1tpC1JTI) ll~UTCpa Ka0c µtiva TO A.!. Tl)V TtAEUTa(a napaOKtllrj Kci0t: µrjva I) ouoKEIV'l Twv flpotopwv.Kat nc; µr.aaii:i; Poo11<iot:c; 'l Tcr6.pTI) yia E". rp. )'.WplCITQ ptpaia 01 CKlOlm:c;.

55


N. K. Ilosrt urt ucti Nri~ov

0 Aco1i6c; nlJ'.ov ttov 116v11wiv ouvElipHior.wv ixr.1 cvevvropro rci u1t6 6/,oui; 611 C7!01~C 10 Ol]llOVTll(OTCpO po).o <Jtl'JV (pf.tf.lVll Opctm] KUI (j)U· Oll(O npt7tCI vn Or.oµoOcrriOci KOi U7t0 TO rnopcva ll.L AKo).ouOrior. ava<pop<i orooc cnoxou.:; mu npoypap1Hn10µ0(, Kut r t r.vtpyc1ci; ty1vuv.

'Ono pol.oi:; n1; O.NA.L, Eiva1 f.laOr.16 no).ittK6<; Ko1 anu1tr.i no).it1Korro11]1il:vri l\Ot 6z1 rn11onK01tOtl'J)JC\'l'J tl'J\' 0.NA.L 'On otjµcpo nopcl nort xr1:1<i~cw1 01 :Eu/../..oyo1 va ouonc1poiOouv y\,p11i on6 tl]v O.NA.L ylO vu tl]v f.lo!]Otjoouv Kat vo f.lori0ri0ouv, vu m'tancf;tAOouv orov p6/..o n1c; otipµcroztjc;rou.:; oTOv 1tapaywy1K6 Kai KOIV(l)VIKO Cl\OllY)'.f)O\llOIJO TO\J VTJOIOt>. npi:ntt 6/..01 VO KOro/.O:f.louv. ·On otjpcpo 01 I:ul./..oyo1 n1<; Nci~ou npi:nr.1 vc1 ouvcpy<ir,ovrm, y10 vo f;tntp<ioot)v tl]v Kpiol] tl]c; a.noµa.~1Konoi1]011c;. 01 CKO!]l.cix:m;

H O.NA.E. MfiPOETA I:THN nPOKAHEH. Tnv td.wtoia ncpiooo 01 :Eu!J.oyo1 nupoocioocv Kciµ1vri. aK611ri mo tvrovri 01t6 Tl'JV nporiyoliµr.vri xrov10, K11piw.:; c~an:iac; n1i; cnouo~lKOlTOiTJ<JT]<; aHci KOi n1i; KOp11at1K07tOi11oris Of. 11r.p1Km)i;. :Etjpcpa ncpri tuvt]: l'J N<i~oc; XPCIO~Ctal ouvcnouc; I:uU6yol)(; Kai rm'>)Jl] mo liu· 1fttj tT]V O.NA.L. y1a vo µnnpi:crouv to )'.(llpui 110c; va avranr.~i:Wow crnv rtp6Kl.11ori, K(ll y1oti O)'.I, TOU 1992 KOl rou 2.000. H O.NA.L on6 to xcrucrurrxo rric;. ovayopr.licrn1 J'r.v11c6<; EuµpouAo<; TTJ<; Na~ou (JC 6t1 i:zr.1 ozi:crri µr. tT]V ou;OVO)Ju;tj KOL V(llVI Klj KUl 7t0AltlOtlKlj avomus11 rric; Nosou, ooxol.01'>jJCVl] ru; onorootprorr; oxr.tll(O 7tOAttlCHIKO E7ll0Tl]llOVll(O, <c;(VIKO, Tf.)'.VOOIKOvo111K6 tj ovonru-

AGRICULTURAL

BANK OF GREECE

BANQUE AGRICOLE DEGRECE

«KllK/..aocc;" TO flpO\'tO(p<iJva;av. noUoi LUl.f.oyo1 O(j)l>ltVtCJtl]KOV p6vov (17!00 tnt<; nc; CKOt)AcilCl'CI<;. txow 0111icpa 4 - 5 1µ1h1ora xopcu11K<i)v )J0.0ri11citu)\I cv<i) nptv liuo XPOVl(l ourc 4 - 5 xopnntc;. flpi:nr.1 r.ni ri:/..011.:; 01 I:ul./..oyo1 mi, vrimoli va Kuml.af.louv 611, r.v1.1>µf.vo1 µc y6v1µ0 010/.oyo, onou 6/,01 Oa l\UtaOi:ootJµc nc; 1tpot<ior.u; pa.;, l(f. tl]V IJi:l.l]CJI] V(l f.lp0t'ipC OTJIJclCl CnO<pljc;, CJl]llciO CJUYKAIOI]<;, 7t0ll Oa 001ntjoouv or. npoocyyicrc1c; Ko1 ouvo1vfot1c; Km oc anorc/..co1mr1-

rnia npwraywv1otci one; cf;cl.i~f.lC;. i:zr.1 10tcc;. 'Exc1 ouvtxr.1u Kai 011v£nc1a 011<; 0i;oc1c; tTJi; l\Ol Otl]V OpOCJl] ll]<; KOi i:)'.CI KUTO~tWIJd CJTl]\I ouvr.iorio11 ox1 p6vo roll Na~trottKou Kat tn1> KtJK/..aoinKou l.uoli. aA./,a OTO flavc/,/.ijv10. Ano l:tiUoy1K6<; <popi:ac; µetatpc7ttt01 ptpa pt n1v pi:po oc Kiv!]pll. · Evu ..:iv1wu 7tOU prropd Kat npt1t1:1 vo anuvnjoc1 otl] µcy6/.i1 np6Kl-11m1 n1<; avci1t11>f;l]c; mu Vl]OH)\1 )JO<;. To Li.I:. rrmi onozrnpr.i C\J)'.C1p1otci oriµ6010 an' aurtj Tl'J Of.01] <'ii.oil<; 6oou<; f.lo1j011ouv nc; npoonaOc1c<; rn1 oup1tapr1otci011Kov oro tpyo mu. F.y1l1 oov 1tp6copoc; wxap1orw oA.a tu pt/..!] TOii Ll.L 10toi1cpa TO

poc; Ka.t r nv cµptl..c1a TOu ).6you n1c;. AvrnnoKplOTJKC ri O.NA.1:. o · a.urtc; r«; npooooKici:;; Av 01:/..oµr. vo KQVOUµC µlfl Kf)IHK~ tT]c; 7t(lf)OIJ0lU<; Tll<; 80 Olll!ClllJ\IOµC. H ntpioooc; on6 tT]V iopuotj n1o; )JCXPL ta .1 tc).r.1,rnic1 xp<lvw dxc 1110 napotioia nopciHrit..'111nopci va 1tc1 rnvcic; pc ticlivri nov l:uA.A.t)y<ov, Q/.A.6 tvrovn o ' ooou; roµdc; h:ovc napt11fla011 Kilt ncivm)c; cvoli1Ktj. flptnc1 6/..01 vu rnm).aflouv on: Olin an6 ro iccnacnanKO tTJc; 0.NA.L i:iva1. ourc µnopci v11 yiv1.1 Ol>VO•Ko).iot1K6.:; <popi:ac;. Ko1v6 )'.OpOKTT]j)IOTlK6 t(J)\I OTt).qcilV Tl]~ ctvci ri Clyanri rou; yw r qv N<if;o 'On )IOVO to Ol>~l])tCVO KUpoc; Tl]<; µ1topci vn ou1.1136/..c1 o/,/,cl KOL va C1t1 f.lcil.r.1 rnv uvuf3<i0µ10!] rou p6/..ou nov :Eu).J.6yc11v pr.1.wv TTJ<;. npoc K<iOc rnrcuOuvori.

mr./J:xri tl]c; O.NA.L rroti xcoplc; va civm 11noxpc(t)11tvo1 f.l011fJ11ouv nc; npoonaOr.1r.c; /{()I) KOVO)JC 101oitcpa OOOIJ:; OCJ)'.OAOUVTUI pc TO rtr.pw<i1KO No~10K6 N. K t(p, E1p. Karo. K. Xrnp. 61111. Bao. fa. Tome Kai rnu<; l\Hnti<;, ·rn pl:/..11 ll]<; E. rp. K(JI rov /\. 0c6<p. an6 n1v E.E. "(ltltl rrp6oqicpav npciypan 1tdvw ano nc; ouv6.111:1c; rouc;. Enio11c; cuxop1onl) rouc; tC<•l<; l lp. n1c; 0.NA.L. Kai toll<; nrocopot•c; t11>v l:uA.A. y10 ti) ouvcpyaoia nou r.ixo111:, rn1 rnv Tnn. T1'mo Kat ~t)tW Ollyyv<ilpTJ av K<ino10 onyp1i napa•ptp011Ka. Eipo1 1tp60u110<; vu unovti1oc11 m: 1:pb1ttjot:1c; OU<;. Euzap1otci1

En10M£(1)6rnr nip1mrpo m~ A. T I:. inn~ S:U1 ~.E.0.

AfPOTIKH

KC<; rrapq1flclow; y1r1 TO 11f./../..ov rou vrioiou µac;. n pCltEI 6/.01 VO mm).6.f.louv KOi OCI TO l\OtClA<if.louv )JC to ~6p1 0001 avt1opouv, on ri O.NA.:E.Kat (ll :E\J/../..oyoi OE Ou civC11 orn nr.p1011>p10 111.:; noA.1t1 Ktj<; KOi K01vo>\'1Ktj<; ~wtj; tOll t6nou 11(1(;, outc Or.attjc; µd)o01:uocwv nou ol\onr.1'1011v oc p1KpOCJll)J<ptpovrn. Tolll-6.xiotov tr.l.r.u-

s1aK6 Otµo cvo1u<ptpc1 TO KOIV(J)VIKO ouvo).o. 'Yo rcpe 07t0 10-t t xr<'>\!10 op<iori C)'.CI <pavci ori 07t0 HJV O.NA.L onwoo1jnotc 01 ow11tatp1ci1rcc; 11uc; nr.p1µcvouv. u) • Eva ouµjlou).o nO\I Oa C)'.CI i:m:~r.pyaoµl:vt.:; nporcoc«; cmivw Of. KclOc Otµa ti]<; apµoo16n1«i n1c;. KOi nou Oo Kclvc1 um:uOuv!] KpmKtj o rnv T.a. roe vnoiou 11ac;. aA./.a ic01 nou Oa ouµnopaon'.Kcro1 oro rrA.<.i1 rric; oc 61.o ta <rirtj)JOTO. ni:pl)JEVOt.v )JC ),[ya /..6y10. P) Miu cn1:vtj KOi yclv1µri m>v1:pyuoio 111; tT]V T.A. y) 0 Nol;Hiltl]c;, ncp1µtvc1, rnv r.Kl.olK1:uptv11 nopouoiuori t'11\' 11m\141cwv rric; O.NA.r. mivw o rn avarrtu~wK<i Oi:pora TTJ<; 1\:0.f;ou. napa).,,).,,1]/..a ta 11tJ.1] too .1.L, rnv uvaf.l<i01110!] rov p6/..ou rou; o t nv Nu1;111Ktj Korvoivtc. 11f.oa an6 1110 O.NA.L )JC ovof.la.oµtvo to Ko1vu.>vtK6 "'·,_

10

TPAilEZA EMAAOE

Eriµi;pa

0

6Ao l'OV KOOµO unapxouv 70.000 rponczcc:

1

n Aypor1Kri TpOncza 1JpiaKcra1 pCaa ar1c:400 pcyaAUrcpcc: !

Mav. Mavw/..ac;

Kai

va VIOTi:

'Exc1820610. 6px. Evcpy,qr1Ko! Ev£pyT)r1K6 nou xopnKn1pi~tt 1riv r.1K6va rric; no/\ljn.\wpqc; i5po01rip161q1ac; KOi onO(j)OCJIOTIKri<; OUPIu::roxric; HlC: OTO OlKOVOµIKO np6yµorO Tl)<; XWPO<; KOi 6qAWV£l TT) 01wov1 IKri £viaxuori TJ)<; KOL ouvoµ1Kri ouµ6oAri n1<; mt)v npoc<l0T)OT) n1c; E8v1Kri<; OtKovoµiac; Evcpyq11Ko nou onobt.:1Kvur.110 Kupoc;. 1qv £UPWOTIO KOi Tl] ouvaµq HJ<; KOi 1 T)V KOTOTOOO£l 011c; '100 r1pw1cc; Tponc(cc; mov K00~101

'Exc1 65 610. 6px. Kc(l)6Ao10 1<01 Ano8cµo11K6! rcp6 un66o8po. µc H::pom10 onoOcprHo 01youp1cic; yta v£o a.\porn 0111v nopontpo no>.un.\cupT) opomqp101 ri r6 TT)<;. y10 XP11µ010001r;oc1c; KOi cncvou1wi bcivi:10 yta 1riv ovcirn uE,rr 1qc; ycwpy1oc;. KTT)VOTpO<pio<;. QA1r.ioc;. OQOOK0µ1oc;. 6tarcxvio<;. ycwpy1Kri<:; 610µ11xov1oc;

E1K. 42. H rrproroOpov{J(; aro XalKi (!Oo.; wchvo.t;).

56

·Exc1610610. 6px. ouvoA1Ktc; Koro8toc1c;! nou K60c µtpo ouvcxi(ouv vo ouE,civovro1 µc pu0µ6 xopOKlT)PIITTIKO UljHlAOTCPO ono TO µtoo 6pO OUf,t)OT)<:; KOT06tOCuJV TWV 6A.A.wv Tponc(wv.

'Exc1 1,5 £KOTOµµup10 'EAAqvcc; KOT08iT£<; Ort<;n6Act<; KOi TO XWpta!

·Exc1 6uvoµ1Ktj cntKTooq 0111 .ll1t:8vtj Ayopa!

t.ciypo qm10TOOUVT)<; y10 TT)V Af POTtKH TPAI l[ZA. IOU cmx£1pT)pOtio KOi TOU oyp6rT), TOl! cm011iµovo KOL mu 6t0µrixov1Kou cpyci1T). 1ou unaA.A.ri.\ou K01 rou cpyarri TT)c; So>.ooooc;. b£1yµo rqc; 01 youp1cic; rouc; <'m KOT08nov1 oc; mqv J\rPOTtKH 6ori8ouv KOi Tl'J OIK'l TOU<; QVOl1Tl!{,T)

11 ArPOTIKH Twpo µno1v£1 buvoµ1KO 01'1 01cAvn oyopa nqyoiV£l KOVTO OTOV K08£ EAA!]VO {,CVI· n:µtvo, VO VOIWOf.l TO npo61'ripmci TOl!, VO £T01µooc1 TT)V f.UKOAI) ClllOTPO<Pll TOU r1011 CIVOI - 1owc;. Jl ilOVt) nou £XCI µc.\crri0£1 KOi CKl10VriO£l nM1P'l npoypopµOTO y10 Tt)V ClllOTpO(j)T) TWV E,cv1Tcµcv111v K01 y10 µ10 op80Aoy1K'l CVKOTOUTOOT) TOU<; KOi nopoywy1Kq 0E,1ono1qoq rnuc; UTT)v norriibo 01 vccc; bpOOTT)pl0T'll£<; TT)<; AfPOTIKl-lL TPAn[ZAl: ITTf'f r:,., rcppov10. Apcp1K~ KOi Kovob6 ovoiyouv vccc; ouv~TOTf'fl cc; y10 TOU<; EAAqv£c; TOU C{,WT£fl1K:JU KOL y10 rqv [8v1KT) 01Kovoµio.

Exc1420KOTOOTljµora 0£ OAq Tf'JV EAAtMo! 0

Ano rqv KpT)Hl pcxp1 TOV [(lpo >..c OA'l TT)V EA>.obo L£ Kci8c no.\q, OE KOO£ ywov10, or. Knee xwpt0. or. Ko0£ vrio1 unapxr.1 r.vo K01001 qµn T'lC: ArPOTIKHl.. crn1µ0 VO npoo(j)cpc1 np60uµo 11c; unrrp~mcc; TOu o 6no1ov nc; (111qo£1. Kovro oc o.\ouc; rouc; ·EA.A.rive<; oyporr.c;. t.:1va1 TO b£u1 cpo amn TOU<;

·Exc1 7.500ov8ptimouc;! t:vo r£p6ario ovOpwruvo bovoµ1K6 onn ctbiKr.uµtvo o 1 c.\cxt). cpnc1pouc; unaMr')Xou<; Km w'HKOu<; cmmqpovcc;, £101µ0 VO npoO(j)tpc1 !.. '1 yvwmriLµ~VOOIKI), q>11'1Kri KOi onorcAl::Ol,!0111'.(l.f.{,u..!Jl)QCHJQ!l nou E,tJ)£t KOAO KOi 1000 av8J)cim1vo vo fJJ)OO(j!Cpt:1 I] ArPOlJKH


-- -- -

M.K. Abb.

103 Naxos.

Partielle

Rekonstruktions

des Ternpels

von Sangri


Ναξιακά Έτος 3, τεύχος 17-18, Οκτώβριος 1987 - Φεβρουάριος 1988