Page 1

Volume 2 - Issue 1 ///// January - February 2013

What will drive the

future economy of BC?

+

defining future energy

alternatives and policies

Metlakatla Development Corporation –

celebrates 25 years in business on the north Coast of bc

THAIDENE NENE INITIATIVE: A BOLD NEW STRATEGY FOR AN ANCIENT LAND

a b o r i g i n a l m a r k e t p l a c e . c o m


EXCELLENCE Excellence is the only option. At Westkey we do not celebrate mediocrity. Instead we invest in the best and strive for perfection in quality of service and products. Setting the bar as high as we have assures that customer expectations are exceeded.

Westkey is a proud supporter of First Nations and First Nations business in Canada.

PRINT . LABELS . FORMS

ONE S STOP, ST TOP, ONE 1SOURCE .800.663.9952

OP, ONE SOUR SOURCE SOU RCE

WestkeyGraphics.com


///// COVER STORY 16

What will drive the future enconomy of bc? – defining future energy alternatives and policies

///// IN THIS ISSUE

4 Publisher 2G Group of Companies geoff@2ggroup.ca Managing Editor Marlon Louis editor@aboriginalmarketplace.com Design / Production Tina Skujins tina@2ggroup.ca Advertising Sales Marlon Louis editor@aboriginalmarketplace.com Contributors Kelly Lendsay, Merle Alexander, Joanne Hausch, Miriam Schilling,Keith Henry, Raminder Grewal, Deneen Allen, Stephen Ellis, Gloria Enzoe, PRODUCTION SCHEDULE January, March, April/May, June/July, Sept/Oct and Nov/Dec Distribution Aboriginal Marketplace is published by 2G Group of Companies ©2012 all rights reserved. The magazine is distributed online in Canada and the United States. The views expressed in the Aboriginal Marketplace are those of the respective contributors and not necessarily those of the publisher or staff. www.aboriginalmarketplace.com

8

04

2013 BC Career, Education and Recruitment Fair offers great opportunities for Aboriginal career seekers

08

Tax Credits for Innovation Joanne Hausch, CA - Deloitte LLP

11

2013 National Aboriginal Tourism Opportunities Conference

15

FortisBC signs landmark energy agreement with B.C. First Nations Energy and Mining Council

20

Metlakatla Development Corporation – celebrates 25 years in business on the north Coast of bc

15 22

20

Xatśūll Heritage Village presented with Cultural Authenticity Award - aboriginal Tourism Association of BC presents award at Host BC conference

24 26

Statisticians gathered in Vancouver to share knowledge

30

The lighter side cold winter ahead

THAIDENE NENE INITIATIVE: A BOLD NEW STRATEGY FOR AN ANCIENT LAND

///// features 06 Fantastic Employees 18 Keeping it Riel 25 Environmental Monitor 10 Featured Business 14 Legal Eagle

Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 3


2013 BC Career, Education and Recruitment Fair

offers great opportunities for Aboriginal career seekers

Vancouver Convention Centre

The 2G Group, Pacific News Group (PNG) and the Aboriginal Human Resource Council (AHRC) are well under way with the promotion of the 2013 BC Career, Education and Recruitment Fair to be held at the Vancouver Convention Centre on May 14th and 15th. The event has already attracted some very high profile exhibitors including; the RCMP, Canadian Security and Intelligence Services, Shell Canada, BC Hydro, Langara College, Royal Roads University, Urban Systems, Aon Canada, Cando, Bellstar Hotels & Resorts, Canfor and BMO Bank of Montreal. The partners are expecting over 100 employers and postsecondary institutions to exhibit giving Aboriginal career seekers a lot of great choices for personal advancement. 4 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

BC C REER F IR “We are booking exhibitors really heavily at this time, and have also received a vast amount of enquiries from organizations we work with on a regular basis from various industry sectors and we expect most of them to come onboard by early 2013,” explained Rochelle Saddleman one of the coordinators of the fair. The event planning team are sending invitations out to all Aboriginal communities and education and training organizations across Canada to make sure as many Aboriginal career seekers as possible participate in the event. “This event is a unique opportunity for Aboriginal career

seekers to connect with many of our Leadership Circle partners as well as lots of other excellent potential employers and educators,” commented Kelly Lendsay, CEO of the Aboriginal Human Resource Council, when we interviewed him about the event. Kelly Lendsay, CEO Aboriginal Human Resource Council


It is well documented that Canada is facing a massive impending labour shortage due to the retirement of the baby boomers. “There is still a need for better communication and connection between Aboriginal career seekers, educational institutions and employers; however we are slowly seeing an increase in Aboriginal graduates entering professions and becoming doctors, lawyers, engineers and accountants as well as a significant increase

in the amount of Aboriginal people entering the trades in areas with booming resource sectors such as the Alberta oil sands and the oil and gas producing regions of northern BC,” added Kelly. It is well documented that Canada is facing a massive impending labour shortage due to the retirement of the baby boomers, and both employers and Aboriginal career seekers will certainly benefit from attending the fair. The design of the event will allow employers to offer on-site job interviews leading to immediate employment for job seekers. Having this option available for employers differentiates this event from most other recruitment fairs and enhances employment opportunities for career seekers. With their large client and community contact databases PNG, 2G and AHRC have great reach across Canada which will guarantee large scale participation in the event by employers, post-secondary institutions and Aboriginal career seekers. BC Hydro and Aramark Remote Workplace Services have recently come onboard as supporting sponsors and numerous other

organizations are in the midst of finalizing sponsorship agreements. “We are working hard to make this event unique and successful for Aboriginal career seekers, educators and employers. We need this fair, we need on-site job interviews, and we need to get more of our people, especially our youth, educated and working” said Rochelle as we ended our interview. For more information on the recruitment fair go to http://theeventpros.ca/ conferences/2013-BC-Career-Fair.html or scan this QR code.

We commend the organizing partners on this initiative and look forward to reporting from the event in May of 2013.

Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 5


Fantastic employees ///// Cando...Inspiring Success

Cando...Inspiring Success Cando has been providing excellence in Aboriginal Economic Development for over 20 years and is committed to building

Manager Western Canada, employed with Cando since 2003. Delilah’s role is to lead all aspects of the Cando Aboriginal Economic

The Cando Staff (L to R): Sammy-Joe Zoerb, Svitlana Konoval; Delilah Mah; Jessica Sanderson; Ray Wanuch; Anita Boyle; Breezy Locke; Michelle Wilsdon; Laurie Buffalo.

capacity in Aboriginal communities to build vibrant and sustainable Aboriginal economies in all regions across the nation. Here is an introduction to the Cando staff that makes it all happen: Sammy-Jo Zoerb, Administrative Assistant, became a part of the Cando team the summer of 2012. Sammy provides assistance to the Cando staff in all special projects and general office support; Svitlana Konoval, Manager - Administrative Services has been with Cando since 2000. Svitlana has been working on a variety of projects including Annual National Conference & AGM planning & coordination, Membership, Resource Library & Book Store and National Aboriginal Organizations Forums; Delilah Mah, Education & Research 6 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

Developer Process, and provide expertise for all Cando education and research matters and promote and foster Cando’s mandate through strategic relationships; Jessica Sanderson, Finance Officer, employed with Cando since 2009. Jessica’s responsibilities include administration of Cando and NIEEF’s financial affairs; also contributing with other Cando projects and financial reporting; Ray Wanuch, Executive Director, has been a part of the Cando team since 2005. Prior to that, Ray served on the Cando Board as both, President and Vice-President. As Executive Director, Ray is responsible for day-to-day operation of a national Aboriginal organization that focuses on training and certification of Economic Development Officers working in the field of Aboriginal Community Economic

Development across Canada; Anita Boyle is the Eastern Education and Research Manager and is responsible for managing the education

and certification file for candidates from Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, and the Atlantic provinces; Breezy Locke, Administrative & Communications Assistant, has been a part of the Cando team since 2005. Breezy is responsible for the co-ordination of Cando’s newspaper, N-Side News, and for the design and distribution of e-side, Cando’s electronic newsletter, to Cando’s members; Michelle Wilsdon, Lead Research & Special Projects Coordinator, has been on the Cando team since 2009, heading up new projects and partnerships that contribute to the organizations growth and continued success; Laurie Buffalo, Fundraising and Special Projects Coordinator, is responsible for the coordination of various fundraising initiatives for NIEEF and to increase Economic Development and Training opportunities available to First Nations.


An initiative of:

www.2ggroup.ca

2013 National Aboriginal Business Opportunities Conference Prince Rupert| April 16th - 18th 2013 At the spectacular NorthCoast Convention Centre in beautiful Prince Rupert, British Columbia

Mayor Garry Reece Lax Kw’alaams First Nation, Host

Chief Harold Leighton Metlakatla First Nation, Host

Rochelle Saddleman Conference Organizer

This is the best First Nations/Private Sector business networking opportunity of 2013 in northern BC!

Major Sponsors: Supporting Sponsors:

Ridley Terminals Inc.

Growing Relationships. Since 1972.

ENGINEERING

Island Tug

Gat Leedm Transportation

TransCanada In business to deliver

Westkey

Group of Companies

For more information contact:

Rochelle Saddleman |

Toll Free: 855 307-5291

|

Email: rochelle@2ggroup.ca


Tax Credits for Innovation ///// Joanne Hausch, CA - Deloitte LLP

Tax Credits for Innovation

Joanne Hausch

Canadian controlled private corporations (CCPCs) are eligible to receive up to 68.5% of their eligible salary costs as cash credits. - joanne Hausch

If you are an aboriginal business owner with income producing activities that are located off reserve, you may be subject to income tax on your profits. You may also be subject to personal income tax on your salary, depending upon where you live. If your business is investing in the development of new technologies, there may be tax incentives available to reduce the tax burden or even to provide cash grants. The scientific research and experimental development (SR&ED) program is a federal tax incentive program that provides funding for eligible R&D work done in Canada. It is the largest single source of federal government 8 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

support for industrial R&D. The province offers additional benefits for eligible R&D work carried on in B.C. Canadian controlled private corporations (CCPCs) are eligible to receive up to 68.5% of their eligible salary costs as cash credits. This is based on the maximum credit for salaries plus an overhead factor called the prescribed proxy amount. Even with recent changes that will reduce the credits to approximately 64% in 2014, the benefits are well worth investigating. Individuals, partnerships and corporations that do not qualify as CCPCs can also file SR&ED claims, although the tax credits are calculated

at the lower rate of 46%, reducing to 36% by 2014, and the credits must be claimed as a reduction of taxes payable rather than cash refunds. Some potential areas for SR&ED claims include new processing techniques for biofuels, development of new manufacturing technologies or new and innovative applications of existing technologies, research into environmental solutions, new forest products, agriculture and aquaculture and food processing. The key elements are the development of a plan to advance your technology by overcoming obstacles. You must spend money to investigate the problem, whether in the form of salaries to yourself or your staff, or payments to independent contractors who specialize in the area. Materials and certain capital equipment can also be included in the claim. The tax benefits are claimed by filing an income tax return that reports the projects and related expenditures in prescribed forms. You must file your claim before the filing deadline for SR&ED claims or you cannot qualify for the tax credits. The reporting deadline for corporations is 18 months (individuals have 17.5 months) from the end of the tax year in which you incurred the expenditures.


Information on the program is available from Canada revenue Agency on their website at www.cra-arc.gc.ca. The resources include a web based Eligibility Self Assessment Tool (ESAT) which is designed to help claimants determine if the research and development work they performed has a likelihood of meeting the SR&ED requirements. It contains clear and concise questions that address the SR&ED eligibility requirements. The ESAT is mainly intended for claimants in the small and medium enterprise sector and for those who are new to the program and need assistance in gaining a basic understanding of the program. If you are investigating new business opportunities or simply trying to improve your product to be more competitive, this is a program to consider. The government has invested in the program to encourage businesses to be innovative and create new

technologies that will lead to job creation and increased productivity. With some planning, the SR&ED benefits can help you drive your business forward.

The government has invested in the program to encourage businesses to be innovative and create new technologies that will lead to job creation and increased productivity. - joanne Hausch

Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 9


Featured business ///// B&D Excavating

www.BandDExcavating.com

B&D Excavating

Tel: (604) 882-8499 Emergency: (604) 619-5100 Fax: (604) 882-9040 Email: info@banddexcavating.com PO Box 217 Fort Langley BC, V1M 2R5

B&D Excavating is a 100% First Nations owned company, established by a Kwantlen First Nation band member in Fort Langley, British Columbia. We are the first of our kind in the Fraser Valley, and have gained a respected presence in the local economy. B&D Excavating is a progressive company, performing large scale excavation, forestry services and civil services to clients throughout British Columbia. We have a vast array of clearing machines and heavy equipment.

Partnerships

B&D takes pride in being a part of the First Nations community. Our partnerships with B.C. First Nations communities are based on respect and integrity; B&D values this as an important part of the work, always ensuring good business within their respective territories. Exciting opportunities through Joint Venture Partnerships between B&D and the local First Nation communities allow for unique contract opportunities and increased revenue generation. These types of partnerships allow for increased capacity and services in the heavy construction industry to various First Nations communities throughout the province.

Our People

We are committed to providing meaningful, well-paid employment for First Nations men and women. B&D Excavating supports all aspects of development that create economic benefits to the communities in which it conducts its business. At B&D Excavating, we’ve built a solid reputation as being best-in-class for quality of service, backing of our workmanship and competitive rates. We started this business with a primary focus on our customers and continue to put them first. We have top notch estimators that ensure our bids are accurate and competitive. We also

have great project management to ensure jobs are done on schedule and within budget. As well being a First Nations owned company, we want to provide as much benefit to the local communities as possible through employment, training, and joint venture/revenue sharing opportunities.

Core Values

1. Respect We understand that the work we do will affect people for many years to come. Our commitment to quality workmanship is evident in everything we do. Taking care of the environment at every project site – we believe that’s just the right thing to do. We work hard to maintain the highest environmental compliance standards every day. 2. Safety We hold safety in the highest regard. Our goal is zero accidents. Our company employs skilled and qualified operators and managers with a broad range of expertise and experience. We subscribe to strict WorkSafe policies and several of our employees are first aid certified. We have a Safety Committee and offer safety training. To us, nothing is more important than a safe work environment. Our comprehensive awareness of Work Safe, training requirements, and vigilance are all part of Safety First, any time. We continually measure our success and we are proud of the results. 3. Customer First We built this business with the primary focus on our customers and their needs. 4. Innovation We work hard to always find better, more effective ways to serve our customers. 5. Teamwork From management, to office staff, to filed workers, we are committed to open, honest and timely communication.

Civil Services

We are equipped to handle any civil construction and excavation task, with a full fleet of heavy equipment plus several unique specialty machines. • Civil Works • Right Of Way Clearing • Project Management • Drainage • Road Building • Fill Sites • Excavation • Dyking • Demolition • Trenching • Concrete Breaking and Removal • Landscaping • Utility Installation • Rubbish Removal • Site Preparation • Equipment Rentals • Land Clearing • Gravel Sales and Delivery • Snow Removal • Bobcat Services • And More

Forestry Services

B&D Excavating has a forestry division. We employ numerous full time Certified Utility Arborists, Apprentice Utility Arborists and Tree Fallers. We have all the tools and resources required to get forestry projects done safely and on time. 10 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013


2013 National Aboriginal

AtBC will host their annual awards dinner on the 2nd night with recognition in the following categories: Best Cultural Centre, Outstanding Accommodations, Best Outdoor Adventure, Most Valuable Industry Partner, Best Food & Beverage, Best Retail outlet and Best Artist & Entertainment.

Tourism Opportunities

Conference The Osoyoos Indian Band’s NK’MIP Resort and Spirit Ridge Vineyard Resort and Spa are once again the venues for the National Aboriginal Tourism Opportunities Conference which is being held on April 3rd and 4th. The conference is collaboration between Aboriginal Tourism BC (AtBC) and the NK’MIP Group of Companies who are utilizing the conference planning and management expertise of the 2G Group to ensure a successful event. Participants are already registered from as far away as Mexico as well as almost all of Canada’s provinces and territories. Presentations will include: developing successful and authentic Aboriginal tourism products and destinations, identifying exactly who is the Aboriginal tourism visitor, financing tourism projects, effective use of social media, developing a regional tourism strategy, comparing successful Aboriginal tourism products from Canada with other countries, industry training and some shared best practices.

Left to right: Ben Sherman - Co-founder, American Indian/Alaska Native Tourism Association Elsa Terminel - Zaragoza International Travel Agent

Article Continued on page 12

Judy Karwacki - Founder, Small Planet Consulting Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 11


The organizers have attracted an impressive line-up of industry experts who are travelling in from Mexico, the United State and Europe to join speakers from all across Canada to share their collective knowledge and experience with the audience. Chief Clarence Louie will be the keynote speaker on day 1 and he will tell the ongoing story of how the Spirit Ridge facility has grown over the last twenty years from barren desert land to become one of Canada’s highest quality resorts. AtBC will host their annual awards dinner on the 2nd night with recognition in the following categories: Best Cultural Centre, Outstanding Accommodations, Best Outdoor Adventure, Most Valuable Industry Partner, Best Food & Beverage, Best Retail outlet and Best Artist & Entertainment. The awards dinner will also feature the comedy of rising First Nation’s star Ryan McMahon, the traditional drumming and dancing of the Le-La-La Dance Group as well as DJ Larry Gray who will have the

Le-la-la Dance Group

house rocking, making sure everyone dances the night away and has a great time. AtBC CEO Keith Henry will be master of ceremonies at the awards dinner. Keith said this to us when we interviewed him at last year’s event; “I’m delighted at the quality and diversity of delegates who came to our event, the conference was a big hit with everyone who attended and we’ve already booked April 3rd and 4th at Spirit Ridge for next year’s event. I’d really like to thank the 2G

Comedian Ryan Mcmahon

Group for all of their help and expertise in making our conference so successful.” The entire event will be videotaped and streamed live on the internet again, last year over 1,800 viewers logged in to watch the conference. The Aboriginal Marketplace team was really impressed with what we saw at the event last year and we predict the 2013 event at Spirit Ridge will be even bigger and more successful.

Eligibility Requirements 

C ON N E C T I N G Y OU R P OS T S E ON D A R Y E D U C A T I ON T O T H E F I N A N C I A L R E S OU R C E S Y OU N E E D

 

submit your scholarship application today to download application form visit www.edo.ca

 

Priority will be given to those students that are enrolled in one of the Cando accredited institutions. Must be a Cando student member. Attending or currently enrolled in a post secondary institution. Proof of Aboriginal ancestry Studying in the fields of: Business Administration/ Economics, Business Finance, Business Management, Natural Resources or CED.

Cando Website

ENTRY DEADLINE SUBMISSION July 31, 2013

To learn more about previous scholarship recipients or other Cando program and services or to download the scholarship application form visit the Cando web site at edo.ca

A P P L I C A T I ON A TT A C H M E NT S        

Cover letter outlining a personal introduction, educational level achieved to date and your community involvement. A copy of the official transcripts -submit a copy of your most recent transcripts. Proof of current enrollment. 2 Letters of Support (preferably academic references) Essay describing career goals and aspirations (2 pages) Application Form - ensure all information is filled out and signed. Incomplete applications will not be accepted. Short (150 word bio) and photo Proof of Aboriginal ancestry (Indian Status card, Métis card, Inuit Beneficiaries card)

N I E EF H IS T OR Y The National Indigenous Economic Education Fund (NIEEF) is a formally registered charity with the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency. NIEEF is the charitable organization of Cando. NIEEF provides scholarships, training, research funding and projects for students aimed at increasing awareness and creating a positive environment for Aboriginal economic development. 12 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

Email Delilah Mah Education & Research Manager Western Canada Email: delilah.mah@edo.ca 9635-45 Avenue Edmonton, AB T6E 5Z8 Phone: 780.990.0303/ 1.800.463.9300 Fax: 780.429.7487


The Blended Capital Group: Serving the institutions that supply capital as well as the people who need it.

Building on a global network of expertise in investment, finance, policy issues and international relations, The Blended Capital Group is positioned to serve those institutions which supply capital and those entrepreneurs, companies, and communities that need it. Through a powerful mix of financial, legal and policy expertise TBCG believes that capital which seeks to support strong communities, clean industry and a rejuvenated environment is smart capital that is simply buying the best possible insurance against the violent short-termism of modern markets. TBCG services include: n Advisory services for groups raising capital across public and private capital markets; n Assessments of capital raising strategies for entrepreneurs, companies and communities seeking sustainability-focused finance and investment; n Advisory work to assist with the communication of investment offerings to mainstream institutional investors as well as high net worth and family offices; n Environmental, social and governance (ESG) advisory services for projects across a range of asset classes; n Policy advice for public and private organizations addressing the financial and investment aspects of their approaches to sustainability. TBCG works with a range of specialist companies at the cutting edge of strategic investment that integrates environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues across all asset classes and investment decision-making.

www. blendedcapital.com Contact: Neil Philcox n nbp@blendedcapital.com n Phone +1 604 773 7221 Paul Clements-Hunt n pch@blendedcapital.com n Phone +41 76 753 3442

The Blended Capital Group


Legal Eagle ///// Merle Alexander - Partner, Bull, Housser & Tupper mca@bht.com

Aboriginal – Chinese Relations: Prosperity by National Respect

Merle Alexander

Aboriginal Peoples negotiate from a position of legal strength in Canada and any Nation, industry or person that intends to access resources within our territories is well informed to have respectful relations with us. This simple message has been brought to China from Regional and National Aboriginal leaders. It is a diplomatic message, as we consider ourselves Nations. It is a legal message, as Canadian Courts affirm that our Aboriginal and Treaty rights provide us with a legal leverage that can be beneficial and detrimental to any project. It is a business message, as we are open to sustainable and environmentally responsible economic development. Gone are the days of frozen rights and isolated economies. Aboriginal Peoples are reaching their hands out to China with strength and a shared history of resilience. If history is told by the victors, one would have been truly inspired to believe that Aboriginal 14 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

Nations and China would be among the most influential forces in Canada. And, we are. There is an impression and reality that we are closer than ever and farther apart. There is an undeniable backlash going on in CanadaChina relations. The new investment restrictions, controversy over CNOOCNEXEN acquisition and the populist revolt against the ChinaCanada free trade agreement has certainly created a public impression that Canadians and, maybe even, Aboriginal Peoples are honestly afraid that Canada will be purchased and controlled by a foreign nation. Clearly, no individual and certainly not I, speak on behalf of Aboriginal Peoples on this issue, but I do have some practical insight to share. Aboriginal Peoples concern with any free trade agreement is that it may allow international law to supersede domestic law. This is the concern of any informed Nation. Aboriginal Peoples fought vigilantly to achieve our constitutional status in section 35. It is a non-negotiable item in any domestic or international agreement that Canada enters into that our constitutional rights be adversely affected. Aboriginal Peoples are not singling out the Chinese free trade agreement, we are raising a valid concern with any international agreement that might hinder our constitutional achievement. Another valid concern with any international agreement is that Canada owes Aboriginal Peoples a duty to consult and accommodate our rights prior it becoming legally binding domestic law. This may mean that the Federal Government must undergo a consultation process prior to ratification. This point is not a normal legal statement, we are all somewhat desensitized by the call for consultation. There is both: (1) a general

duty to consult for historical treaties and First Nations in BC without treaties; and (2) a specific legal obligation in modern day treaties to consult on international treaties and agreements; that may apply in this circumstance. The second obligation requires the Canadian Government to consult Yukon First Nations, NWT First Nations and certainly all Inuit Governments with modern day treaties. Again, Aboriginal Peoples are raising this consultation issue not as an issue with China specifically, we are raising this issue with Canada. Our Government owes us legal obligations and we are being transparent about the Canadian law that applies in this instance. There is a certain irony that underlies some concerns that Aboriginal Peoples are becoming increasing closer to China. That is, there are some that raise an eyebrow or two about the many diplomatic trade missions that have been organized to China by First Nations. Everyone notices when our economic development companies open their latest office on Chinese soil. Aboriginal Peoples have actually taken their message international for a simple reason. Our own Government does not properly inform investors of the application Canadian Aboriginal law. Canada’s failure to create a legally certain framework for consultation is what requires us to speak about it internationally. To be truthful, other Governments are better listeners than our own. To be honest, Chinese business is more open to investment in community infrastructure, training of local work force and sharing wealth than many “made-inCanada” businesses. In my experience, negotiating across the table from many Chinese investors, there is a much more open-minded approach to business and over time, this will create a tremendous business advantage for Aboriginal-Chinese deals. Brace yourselves, as the 15th birthday of Delgamuukw’s statement “we are all here to stay” sets out a certain victory for 2013 and the Year of the Snake.


FortisBC signs

landmark energy agreement with B.C. First Nations Energy and Mining Council Agreement expected to strengthen relations and increase energy efficiency in B.C. First Nations communities

SURREY, B.C. – December 6, 2012: FortisBC announced it has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the B.C. First Nations Energy and Mining Council (FNEMC), making energy selfsufficiency for First Nations communities a priority. It is the first time a privately-held energy company has signed such an agreement. “This is a first-of-its-kind agreement that will strengthen the relationship between FortisBC and B.C. First Nations,” said Doug Stout, vice president, energy solutions and external relations for FortisBC. “It gives us the opportunity to work with B.C. First Nations to optimize energy delivery to communities throughout the province, resulting in energy efficiency.” Under the terms of the agreement, the FNEMC and FortisBC agree co-operate to develop energy opportunities for B.C. First Nations communities, including increasing energy efficiency on First Nation land and paving the way to hire a certified energy auditor to assist communities with energy efficiency programs. Approximately $100,000 annually will be earmarked to go toward conservation efforts. “We are very excited to be working with FortisBC, since this is the first time B.C. First Nations have signed an agreement with a private energy company.” said Dave Porter, chief executive officer for First Nations Energy and the Mining Council. “This is an empowering agreement that will further the opportunities for First Nations in B.C.”

Dave Porter, chief executive officer for the First Nations Energy and Mining Council with Doug Stout, vice president of energy solutions and external relations with FortisBC

Major highlights of the agreement include: • Open and honest communication throughout all aspects of working together • Agreement that the consent of First Nations must be obtained before developing projects and activities affecting their communities • Working with the Canadian and B.C. governments to develop policy and implement solutions affecting First Nations’ energy issues •Helping the B.C. government meet its environmental and energy goals for the future •Monitoring and evaluation energy program and policy effectiveness •Undertaking First Nations community relations and communications programs in order to inform BC First Nation’s leadership of energy developments

FortisBC and FNEMC’s signing of the MOU was a natural next step for the two parties. Throughout its projects province-

wide, FortisBC develops and builds mutually beneficial working relationships with B.C. First Nations communities, having previously developed a Statement of Principles for working building relationships with Aboriginal peoples. FortisBC is a regulated utility focused on providing safe and reliable energy, including natural gas, electricity, propane and thermal energy solutions. FortisBC employs more than 2,300 British Columbians and serves approximately 1.1 million customers in more than 135 B.C. communities. FortisBC is indirectly wholly owned by Fortis Inc., the largest investor-owned distribution utility in Canada. FortisBC owns and operates four regulated hydroelectric generating plants, approximately 7,000 kilometres of transmission and distribution power lines and approximately 47,000 kilometres of natural gas transmission and distribution pipelines. FortisBC Inc., FortisBC Energy Inc., FortisBC Energy (Vancouver Island) Inc., and FortisBC Energy (Whistler) Inc. do business as FortisBC. Fortis Inc. shares are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange and trade under the symbol FTS. Additional information can be accessed at www.fortisinc.com or www.sedar.com. Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 15


What will drive the

future economy of BC?

Invite Decision makers, coordinators and technical support staff from the following organizations:

• First Nations • Crown government representatives (federal, provincial and municipal) • Energy industry firms • Legal firms • Risk management firms • Investment funds • Environmental firms • Academic/Institutional • Organized Labour (unions) • Local concerned citizens and community leaders

to the

Transitioning from Oil Dependency Conference –

defining future energy alternatives and policies at the Sheraton Wall Centre, Vancouver BC from April 18th – 19th 2013.

An initiative of 2ggroup.ca

16 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013


Presentations will include: “How to attract global investment to renewable energy projects” Paul Clements-Hunt, CEO of the Blended Capital Group – Geneva, Switzerland.

“We invite all delegates to work together with us to save the heart and soul of Mother Earth.” Chief Justin George

“Oil Sands Development and the economic consequences” Robyn Allan, Economist

“Considerations of Aboriginal Title and Rights in relation to energy projects” Merle Alexander, Partner Bull, Housser & Tupper

The conference has been designed

to stimulate discussion and raise

public awareness about economic,

labour and energy alternatives to the

expansion of the Canadian tar sands and

oil industry infrastructure in general. The conference will also look at how

renewable energy alternatives can

viably sustain communities in the future.

“Tsleil-Waututh’s clean energy vision for the future” Chief Justin George

“Best practices in municipal renewable energy development” Jack Allingham

“Best practices in First Nations renewable energy development” Dr. Judith Sayers (Kekinusuqs) University of Victoria

“Defining future energy alternatives and policies” Paul Kariya, Executive Director, Clean Energy BC

Conference outcomes: Premier Christy Clark

Leader of the BC Liberals

MLA Adrian Dix Leader of the NDP

Both the BC liberal party and NDP have been invited to put forward their platforms on future energy policy in BC ahead of the may 2013 provincial election

For more information and to register for the conference go to http://theeventpros.ca/conferences/2013-Transitioning-From-Oil-Dependency.html

or scan this QR code

• A toolkit designed to provide organizations with useful information to assist with the development of policies and strategies to enable a transition away from fossil fuel derived energy • A clear understanding of the risks inherent with the expansion of oil industry infrastructure in BC • A clear understanding of the economics of oil pipelines in BC • A clear understanding of the viability of renewable energy in BC • Understanding the positions of both the BC Liberals and NDP on the expansion of oil pipelines in BC • Understanding the positions of First Nations in BC in relation to energy projects

Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 17


keeping it riel ///// Keith Henry - President, BC Métis Federation k.henry@bcmetis.com

Keeping It

Riel

Métis people across the country call on all levels of governments to fly a Métis flag to honour the memory of Louis Riel

Keith Henry

I am dedicating this article to the memory of Louis Riel who Métis people honour as a key historical figure in Canada. Métis people remember November 16th each year as this marks the date Louis Riel was wrongfully hung in Regina, Saskatchewan. This past month numerous events were held to commemorate the life and times of one of our most well known leaders and I hope this sheds more insight into why Métis people throughout Canada respect who Louis Riel was and what he stood for. Métis people across the country called on all levels of government to fly a Métis flag to honour the memory of Louis Riel on this date, and several proclamations were approved by municipal governments in BC which was greatly appreciated. Louis Riel is the most remarkable person in Métis history. As their iconic leader, he 18 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

represents all those valiant Métis who fought for basic human rights not only for the Métis but for First Nations and other Canadians. The dynamic Riel was a natural-born leader whose life profoundly influenced Canadian society and politics, the founding of Manitoba, and the rights of Western Canadians. His impact continues to this day and will continue into the future. Highly intelligent, well-educated and a compelling orator, he was elected to the Parliament of Canada on three separate occasions while he was still in his twenties, although due to politics he was never able to take his seat. His fascinating life combined the heights of success and the depths of defeat, the sacred and the profane. To some he conjoined fame and infamy; to others he was an iconoclast who became an icon. Riel himself had a prophetic mission – to

lead and champion his people, the Métis, in having their grievances remedied, their rights obtained, and their lives uplifted. Riel has been called the first prairie populist politician. A plaque accompanying the monumental statue of Louis Riel which stands adjacent to the magnificent Manitoba Legislative Buildings in Winnipeg reads in part as follows: ‘In 1992, the Parliament of Canada and the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba formally recognized Riel’s contribution to the development of the Canadian Confederation and his role, and that of the Métis, as founders of Manitoba.’ Many of the demands in the Bill of Rights he championed for the Métis and for Westerners in 1885 came to pass after his unjust execution. Results of his leadership of the Métis include Manitoba becoming a Province of Canada in 1870;


More books, biographies, and articles have been written about this charismatic Métis icon than any other Canadian in history.

Métis Flag flys in Williams Lake BC

CCMA honouring Louis Riel day in Williams Lake BC

the people of what is now Saskatchewan and Alberta winning the right to vote and be elected Members of Parliament in 1886, and responsible government in 1887, and Provincial status in 1905. Other notable outcomes inspired by Riel’s life include the Métis people being specifically recognized in the Constitution Act of Canada, 1982 and his being looked upon by the Métis as a hero and their greatest symbol.Riel has been the subject of stage, radio, film, opera, television, documentaries, monuments, and a postage stamp. More books, biographies, and articles have been written about this charismatic Métis icon than any other Canadian in history. Riel is honoured every year in a number of Canadian cities with flag raising ceremonies. These are held at city halls and other public places including his grave site in St. Boniface. Manitoba’s statutory Family Holiday in

February has been named “Louis Riel Day”. Louis Riel is an inspiration to Métis people. It is as a result of his dedication, leadership, and legacy that the Métis today can be “PROUD TO BE MÉTIS”. His fight for basic human rights and democracy in Western Canada is truly memorable. Is Riel a hero? If a hero is one who forfeits his life as a result of fighting for the rights of his people and others in a just cause, then Louis Riel is a hero not only to the Métis but also to all Canadians who believe in and fight for basic human rights.

LONG LIVE THE MEMORY OF LOUIS RIEL.

Just trying to keep it Riel. I want to acknowledge George and Terry Goulet, well known Métis historians and authors for their support with this article. For more information about the BC Métis Federation please go to our website www.bcmetis.com.

Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 19


Metlakatla Development Corporation –

celebrates 25 years in business on

the north Coast of bc

Above: Ridley Terminals Prince Rupert BC

The Gat Leedm trucks have been a part of moving over 400,000 cubic meters of rock on the RTI expansion project in Prince Rupert, BC to date. The total volume of rock that will be moved during this project is in excess of a half a million cubic meters. It’s a $250million project being carried out for RTI to prepare for the increase in coal export in the coming years. Director of Operations for the Metlaktala Development Corporation, Ryan Leighton, watches as the trucks come and go from the Ridley Island site. “This project has been in the works for over 10 years and it’s great to 20 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

see it finally happening,” said Ryan when we interviewed him onsite, “there are a number of our members driving those trucks, earning good money, and being able to go home every night in their own community” Gat Leedm is just one of the numerous partnerships that the rapidly growing Metlakatla Development Corporation (MDC) is forming in the northwest region of BC. Gat Leedm (which means ‘strong’ in the Tsimshian language) is a majority owned partnership between MDC, Island Tug and Barge and Williams Transportation, that was formed to provide land and water

based logistics services to the region. JJM Construction and Emil Anderson Construction are also partners on the rail corridor expansion providing technical expertise, equipment and personnel where needed. Chief Harold Leighton is the CEO of MDC and has been at the helm since its formation in 1987, his vision for his community is finally coming to fruition with the recent historic accommodation agreement signed with the federal government over the Prince Rupert Port lands, part of the traditional territory of the


Above Left: the Gat Leedm rock truck fleet Above Right: Gat Leedm refueling truck Bottom Left: MDC’s new project headquarters

those are our Nine Allied Tribes, members driving who form the Metlakatla and those trucks, earnLax Kw’alaams First Nations. ing good money and MDC is working in partnership on a number being able to go home of fronts and intends to ensure they are involved in every night in their all aspects of land and business development in their territory. own community. “MDC’s mandate is to make sure

our membership is well provided for, both socially and economically, and that our future members have a healthy financial legacy to ensure they are given the best start in life and good employment opportunities when they graduate,” said Chief Leighton. A recent acquisition of MDC is a 5,000sq ft office building in the centre of Prince Rupert. MDC intends to fill the building with its project partners and use it as the hub of activity for all of its upcoming projects and operations. “It made sense to purchase a building to centralize our operations and have all of our partners in the same place, it’ll really help the efficiency and communication between our team,” said Ryan. Ottawa’s recent announcement on December 13th that it intends to sell the Crown Corporation Ridley Terminals Inc. (RTI), which operates Prince Rupert’s bulk-

Chief Harold Leighton

handling facility - Ridley Terminals, is of great interest to MDC who are considering a partnership to purchase and operate the facility. In 2011, RTI reported a net operating profit of $34 million. The expanding terminal plans to more than double its current capacity of 12 million tonnes by 2014. The terminal transfers bulk commodities from rail cars onto ships. “Ridley Terminals once operated at a loss requiring millions in government support, but now is an asset of considerable value,” said Minister of State for Finance Ted Menzies. “Private ownership will allow the terminal to maximize its contribution to economic growth, jobs and new investments.” MDC also operates a very successful gas station on reserve land just outside the city; the volume of fuel sales has grown from 1.5 million litres in 2007 to over 4 million litres in 2012. MDC plans to become one of the largest fuel distributors in the northwest of BC through a mix of partnerships and strategic acquisitions. Our visit to Prince Rupert was really inspiring, and we hope to see more communities following the example of groups like MDC and fulfil their economic development opportunities, we wish the community and leadership of Metlakatla the very best for the future.

Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 21


Xatśūll Heritage Village

presented with Cultural Authenticity Award aboriginal Tourism Association of BC presents award at Host BC conference By Miriam Schilling

Top: The BC Tourism & Hospitality Awards Gala was the final event of the Host BC Conference Left: The Cultural Authenticity Award was presented to Xatśūll Heritage Village Above Right: Keith Henry, CEO of Aboriginal Tourism Association of BC (AtBC) presents the award to Ralph and Minnie Phillips 22 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

Xatśūll Heritage Village proudly received the Aboriginal Tourism BC Cultural Authenticity Award which was presented at the BC Tourism & Hospitality Awards Gala of the Host BC Conference. It was held at the Vancouver Convention Centre at Canada Place on November 6th 2012. Keith Henry, CEO of Aboriginal Tourism Association of BC (AtBC), presented the Cultural Authenticity Awards. This year


Above: Ralph and Minnie Phillips with Xatśūll’s Cultural Authenticity Award Left: Casey Vanden Heuvel and Justine Wallace from the Squamish Lil’wat Cultural Centre, Ralph and Minnie Phillips and Keith Henry

there were two awards given in this category, Xatśūll Heritage Village received the award together with the Squamish Lil’wat Cultural Centre. Receiving the award on behalf of Xatśūll Heritage Village were Minnie the annual awards pay Phillips, Ralph Phillips and Miriam tribute to the individuals Schilling. The annual and organizations who awards pay tribute to the have made a significant individuals and organizations impact to the tourism and who have made a significant impact hospitality industry in to the tourism and hospitality industry British Columbia. in British Columbia. Aboriginal Tourism BC (AtBC) presented the Cultural Authenticity Award, which recognizes an Aboriginal tourism business that has demonstrated a commitment to ensuring cultural authenticity. Other BC Tourism & Hospitality

Awards categories were: Tourism and Hospitality Media Award, BC Destination Marketing Organization Professional Excellence Award, Employees First Award, Innovation in Technology Award, Best Tourism and Hospitality Marketing Campaign Award, Customer Service Award and Environmentally Responsible Business Award. For Xatśūll Heritage Village this was the second award they were presented with this year. In October Xatśūll Heritage Village received the Outside of the Box Marketing Award by the Cariboo Chilcotin Coast Tourism Association which was presented at the Tourism Summit in Wells. Xatśūll Heritage Village is located north of Williams Lake off Highway 97. It is operated by the Soda Creek Indian Band. Since 1995 the Xatśūll First Nation has invited people to come and experience their culture. Activities include guided tours of the village, cultural workshops, traditional meals and authentic accommodation in the pit house or teepees. For more information please contact Miriam Schilling at 250-989-2311. Visit www.xatsullheritagevillage.com and look them up on facebook and Trip Advisor. Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 23


Statisticians gathered in Vancouver to share knowledge Squamish Nation’s Eagle Song Dancers with Rochelle Saddleman of 2G Group

This event was well attended by over 230 delegates from across Canada. The 2012 Indigenous Statistics Conference: Data as a tool for change was held at the Sheraton Wall Centre in Vancouver from November 21st – 22nd. This event was well attended by over 230 delegates from across Canada and was run by a partnership between DPRA and the First Nations Statistical Institute (FNSI). DPRA is a private Canadian research company and works directly with First Nations communities and organizations. DPRA works with Federal, Provincial and Territorial governments in collaboration with First Nation groups in the area of community, social and economic development. Sadly the First Nations Statistical Institute (FNSI) is being phased out by the federal government at the end of this current fiscal. In the past the institute focused on increasing the quality and accessibility of First Nations related data. FNSI also worked in partnership with communities to create innovative data products and services that facilitated the use of statistical information to improve planning, decision-making, and investment. The conference kicked off with a fantastic performance by Bob Baker and the Eagle Song Dancers from the Squamish Nation. Guests were welcomed with traditional Squamish songs, dance, and prayer. Local 24 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

Jacqueline Quinless of DPRA with 2G Group CEO Geoff Greenwell

community artists such as Shain Jackson from Spirit Works, TD Fashion Link, and Dr. Jeanne Paul from Red Shawl Woman Products were on site and exhibited products such as handcrafted traditional bentwood boxes, fashionable clothing, and 100% traditional herbal creams. Many First Nations communities, Aboriginal organizations and various private sector groups joined together for the two day event and focused on sharing knowledge, experiences, best practices, challenges as well as changes within Aboriginal communities and organizations across Canada. Keynote luncheon presentations by Dr. Evan Adams, BC’s Deputy Provincial Health

Officer and Clint Davis, the VP of Aboriginal Affairs at TD Bank and former CEO of the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business were well received by all who attended the event. Conference organizers and presenters facilitated breakout sessions on six key themes: Health and Well Being; Education and Labour Markets; Economic Development and Community SelfSufficiency; New Data Initiatives, Tools and Performance Frameworks; At Risk Populations and Land, Culture and Resource Management. Delegates were able to participate in each of the breakouts and generated interesting discussions on the key themes that were presented. Stewart Anderson of Vancity hosted a hospitality event at the end of day 1 and there were some really nice door prizes donated by a variety of groups raffled off to excited winners. Jacqueline Quinless of DPRA, the conference organizer, felt that the conference was an overall success and she was very appreciative that people made the effort to travel from all over the country to attend. The conference was an excellent opportunity for all delegates to network and to discuss the importance of keeping accurate empirical data on all Aboriginal groups such as social, health, education, population, urbanization, children and youth.


Environmental Monitor ///// Raminder Grewal - Keystone Environmental rgrewal@keystoneenvironmental.ca

Developing a Contaminated Site

Raminder Grewal

Changing the use or developing any size parcel of land is a detailed and involved process from assessing the feasibility of the proposed site use to meshing that use with a greater ‘land use plan’. One of the planning considerations, and potential costs, of site preparation is determining if the site has been ‘ contaminated’ by past site uses, whether or not the uses were authorized. What is a contaminated site? A contaminated site is a site at which hazardous substances occur at concentrations above locally and naturally occurring or ‘background’ levels. The contamination can be associated with legal activities or illegal dumping of contaminants at the site. Prior to development the contamination must be remediated or managed through risk assessment. How does a contaminated site affect a development? Among the many steps to preparing a site for construction is to address environmental contamination issues. Prior to constructing a structure, questions regarding site contamination and its impacts on human health and the environment must be answered. And, when contamination is present, there are costs associated with the correct identification, assessment and remediation of the contamination. These costs will increase the overall project costs and should be planned for. To protect the feasibility of the project, a preliminary site investigation, known as a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment (ESA), is recommended to determine the likelihood of contamination. If your project requires independent financing the Phase 1 ESA is often required for lending purposes. Testing of soil and groundwater is not conducted during the Phase 1 ESA. The Phase 1 ESA involves gathering historical and

Interviews with band Elders –

Band Elders have knowledge of the land and are aware of the past uses of the site and how various activities may have contributed to contamination. Information gathered during a discussion with the Elders is invaluable. Now would be a good time to start documenting the Elder’s knowledge of all the lands for future reference and increased familiarity.

Historical Aerial Photographs –

using publicly available aerial photographs assists in determining former activities on the development lands and surrounding area. Aerial photographs are available dating back to the

1940’s.

Site Visit –

have an experienced qualified environmental professional walk the site accompanied by those with local knowledge and who are familiar with the site. This will include Elders, band members and persons from outside communities with a history and first-hand experience with the land.

current information about the development lands and surrounding area. This information is obtained by doing the following: Information gathered for the ESA is compiled and assessed, using indicators that we have applied for 25 years, to determine the potential for contamination to be present. If there is potential for contamination we recommend testing the land and groundwater to prove either the contamination does in fact exist or that the activities thought to cause contamination did not result in levels of contamination harmful to human health or the environment. If contamination is suspected the next step is to conduct a Phase 2 Environmental Site Assessment (Phase 2). A Phase 2 is an intrusive investigation requiring the taking of samples of suspected contaminated media. Media can include soils, groundwater or soil vapours. Testing is targeted to areas with the greatest potential for contamination, making the data collected during the Phase 1 ESA fundamentally important to the success and cost control of the Phase 2. Samples collected from the site must be managed to a strict ‘chain of custody’ process to ensure the accuracy of the laboratory findings. Regulatory guidelines stipulate the acceptable levels of contamination for the proposed site use. If levels exist that are below the regulatory guidelines then the environmental issues can usually be considered closed. If levels exist that exceed regulatory guidelines then the identified contamination needs to be reduced, through removal or risk assessment, before construction proceeds. In future articles we will explore the options to the question, “What’s next for managing contamination?” Keystone Environmental wishes all a healthy and prosperous New Year. Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 25


THAIDENE NENE INITIATIVE:

A BOLD NEW STRATEGY FOR AN ANCIENT LAND The red cliffs of East Arm, Great Slave Lake

Contributed by: Deneen Allen, Pure North Canada Stephen Ellis, Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation Gloria Enzoe, Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation

26 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

Most of us would say that consistency, passion and perseverance are the hallmarks of successful enterprises. A firm and focused purpose, followed without compromise to its essence – this is what inspires us and what moves us – and the path that the Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation has followed in pursuit of an unrelenting vision to protect and preserve their traditional territory and homeland: Thaidene Nene. In 2013, the Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation will realize a dream 40 years in the making. This community’s commitment to protecting

and preserving their traditional and sacred homeland is a story worth sharing. Lutsel K’e is a small village of approximately 350 people and home to many members of the Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation (LKDFN). Lutsel K’e is located on the shores of the East Arm of Great Slave Lake, NWT, approximately 270 kilometers from Yellowknife at the mouth of the Snowdrift River. The region is a spectacular combination of smooth purple-hued hills and red cliffs rising out endless water, of birch trees and sculptural evergreens, of


juniper, lichens and wild berries amongst ancient rocky ground and the biggest skies north of the prairies. Caribou, moose, wolves and black bears are just some of the wildlife roaming the taiga; the cold, clear waters teem with lake trout, Northern pike and Arctic grayling. Although no formal statistic exists, the region is reported to attract more visitation than all National Parks in the NWT and Nunavut, combined. The Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation (LKDFN) is advancing an initiative to foster ecological integrity, cultural continuity, and economic sustainability in the core of the LKDFN homeland. This landscape is called Thaidene Nene - the “Land of the Ancestors”. Protecting Thaidene Nene, an area of just over 33,000 square kilometers, is critical for the wellness and vitality of the Lutsel K’e Denesoline. Intimately linked with the integrity of the environment in Thaidene Nene, the Lutsel K’e Denesoline are heavily dependent upon the landscape for subsistence and cultural fulfillment. Ensuring this landscape remains pristine is fundamental for the continuity of the Lutsel K’e Denesoline way of life. For over 40 years, the Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation has sought to safe-guard Thaidene Nene. As early as 1969, when Parks Canada approached the Dene of Lutsel K’e regarding the establishment of a National Park in the vicinity of the East Arm of Great Slave Lake, the LKDFN leaders of the time held fast to protecting the Nation’s rights in their traditional territory. Earlier experiences with being alienated from their traditional landbase in Thelon Wildlife Sanctuary were valid reasons for balking at the idea of Thaidene Nene becoming inaccessible or restricted. This was the land that had - and was still sustaining the Lutsel K’e Dene. Two advances by Parks Canada to create a National Park were rejected over the years, most recently in 1980. Hereditary Chief Joe Lockhart, unconvinced that harvesting and use of their traditional territory would not be further compromised, famously told government officials to “pack up their maps and go”. Meanwhile, natural resource development pressures grew steadily. In the 1990’s, diamonds, precious metals and rare earth elements were found, triggering an industrial development boom in the traditional territory of the Lutsel K’e Dene. This led to reconsideration by the LKDFN: perhaps a conservation approach would indeed be necessary to safeguard their homeland before any more time and any more sacred land was lost to mining and other intrusive development. This time, however, the discussion was not to be about a National Park. The LKDFN

had a more collaborative approach in mind than the more widely implemented Parks Canada park establishment and management protocols. Following the signing of the Akaitcho Framework Agreement in 2000, which lays out the principles and a process by which an ‘Akaitcho Agreement’ will be negotiated, the LKDFN approached the federal government with a proposal for the creation of a potential protected area for Thaidene Nene where LKDFN would be enabled to manage their own affairs in the use, resource development and conservation of Thaidene Nene lands and waters. The idea was not just co-management, but cojurisdiction. In 2009, LKDFN and Parks Canada, with participation from the Government of the Northwest Territories, developed a draft framework agreement for Thaidene Nene as a side bar to the Akaitcho Process. On April 7, 2010, in a landmark moment, Canada and the LKDFN signed the Thaidene Nene Framework Agreement in Calgary, committing them to work together to execute a Thaidene Nene Establishment Agreement, a bold and precedent-setting governance partnership for Thaidene Nene between the LKDFN and the Government of Canada. The intent is for the two parties to share authority on all decisions regarding Thaidene Nene. This new model will promote the responsibility and capacity of aboriginal peoples to serve as stewards and hosts in their traditional territories.

Concurrently, LKDFN is developing a conservation tourism strategy* in conjunction with Pure North Canada that will bring to life a socio-culturally, environmentally and economically sustainable stewardship plan for Thaidene Nene featuring the community of Lutsel K’e as the gateway to this very special place. On December 13th, 2012, in recognition of the amazing dedication and achievements by the Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation, Thaidene Nene was awarded the Arctic Inspiration Prize . In the words of the honorable Tom Beaulieu, MLA for Tu Nedhe, NWT, “The Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation is not alone as a small, isolated Aboriginal community in the Canadian Arctic struggling with multiple pressures and challenges. However, I do believe that the First Nation is unique in its attempts to “break its own trail”, envisioning a future where the legacy of the Elders and their way of life informs and lends richness to a contemporary reality”. *In early April 2013 at the National Aboriginal Tourism Opportunities Conference in Osoyoos, BC, the negotiating team for Thaidene Nene, including Stephen Ellis and Gloria Enzoe, and Deneen Allen of Pure North Canada, will present the Thaidene Nene Sustainable Tourism Strategy as the next exciting step in one of the most inspirational stories in contemporary Canadian Aboriginal history.

A firm and focused purpose, followed without compromise to its essence – this is what inspires us and what moves us. A quiet morning at Kudare, the Chipewyan name for Narrow Lake Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013 27


Cold Winter Ahead It was late fall and the Indians on a remote reservation in northern Ontario asked their new Chief if the coming winter was going to be cold or mild. Since he was a Chief in a modern society, he had never been taught the old secrets. When he looked at the sky, he couldn’t tell what the winter was going to be like.

30 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

Nevertheless, to be on the safe side, he told his members that the winter was indeed going to be cold and that they should collect firewood to be prepared. But, being a practical leader, after several days, he had an idea. He went to the phone booth, called the Weather Network and asked, ‘Is the coming winter going to be cold?’ ‘It looks like this winter is going to be quite cold,’ the meteorologist at the Weather Network responded. So the Chief went back to his people and told them to collect even more firewood in order to be prepared. A week later, he called the Weather Network again. ‘Does it still look like it is

going to be a very cold winter?’ ‘Yes,’ the man at the Weather Network again replied, ‘it’s going to be a very cold winter.’ The Chief again went back to his people and ordered them to collect every scrap of firewood they could find. Two weeks later, the Chief called the Weather Network again. ‘Are you absolutely sure that the winter is going to be very cold?’ ‘Absolutely,’ the man replied. ‘It’s looking more and more like it is going to be one of the coldest winters we’ve ever seen.’ ‘How can you be so sure?’ the Chief asked. The weatherman replied, ‘because the Indians are collecting shitloads of firewood!’


April 3rd - 4th

National Aboriginal Tourism Conference - Osoyoos, BC

April 16th - 17th

National Aboriginal Business Opportunities Conference Prince Rupert, BC

April 18th - 19th

Transitioning from Oil Dependency Conference Vancouver, BC

May 14th - 15th

National Aboriginal Career Fair - Vancouver, BC

June 25th - 27th

Aboriginal Economic Leadership Summit - Osoyoos, BC

Sept 10th - 12th

National Aboriginal Business Opportunities Conference Osoyoos, BC

Make sure you get involved in the 2013 Aboriginal Marketplace Tour, Canada’s leading Aboriginal/private sector business conference series! For information on attending, sponsoring or exhibiting at any of our 2013 events contact: Rochelle Saddleman | Toll Free: 855 307 5291 | Email: rochelle@2ggroup.ca


WE’RE CREATING oPPoRTuNITIEs FoR AboRIGINAl busINEss

bC HydRo Is CommITTEd To THE AdvANCEmENT oF ECoNomIC oPPoRTuNITIEs FoR AboRIGINAl busINEssEs. We encourage interested businesses to visit bcbid.gov.bc.ca to learn about current opportunities. To register your business on BC Hydro’s Aboriginal Business Directory, please visit: https://www.bcaboriginalvendors.ca/aboriginal_vendors/

For 50 years, BC Hydro has been providing clean, reliable electricity to our customers. Today we are planning for the next 50 years by investing in new projects, upgrading existing facilities and working with our customers to conserve energy through Power Smart. Learn more at bchydro.com/regeneration50

32 Aboriginal Marketplace / January - February 2013

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