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Draft resolution: United Nations Security Council Sponsor: France Signatories: China, Russia, Brazil, Lebanon, Japan, United Kingdom, United States of America, Mexico, Nigeria, Uganda, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey and Gabon. Topic: The situation in Afghanistan The Security Council, Recalling its previous resolutions on Afghanistan, in particular its resolutions 1267 (1999), 1368 (2001) 1510 (2003), 1917 (2010) and 1943 (2010), reiterating its support for international efforts to root

out terrorism in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence and national unity of Afghanistan, Reiterating its support for the Afghan Government in rooting out terrorism, and, encouraging the

ongoing efforts of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, Recognizing once again the intertwined nature of all the challenges identified in Afghanistan, and

expects a holistic and tangible solution, Recognizing that the responsibility for providing security and law and order throughout the country

resides with the Afghans themselves and welcoming the continuing cooperation of the Afghan Transitional Authority with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), Noting that the Taliban benefits directly from the cultivation of illicit opium by imposing a tax on its

production and indirectly benefits from the processing and trafficking of such opium, and recognizing that these substantial resources strengthen the Taliban’s capacity to harbor terrorists, Reiterating its deep concern over the continuing violations of international humanitarian law and of

human rights, particularly discrimination against women and girls, and over the significant rise in the illicit production of opium, Stressing the central and impartial role that the United Nations continues to play in promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan by leading the efforts of the international community, noting, in this

context, the synergies in the objectives of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), Welcoming the communiquĂŠs signed in both the London Conference (28 January 2010) and the Kabul

Conference (20 July 2010),


Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. Adopts the definition of terrorism as “the use of violence for political ends, and includes any use of violence for the purpose of putting the public, or any section of the public, in fear”;

2. Urges a coalition of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) to assist the Afghan National Police (ANP) and the Afghan National Army (ANA) by: a. sending in more training personnel to equip the ANA as they will be the eventual security force of Afghanistan moreover this will help establish positive relations between Afghan tribes and ISAF-NATOforces; b. formation of a coalition force that will be formed between ISAF-NATOand ANA to ensure that high standards of military expertise are disseminated and will ensure peace until normality within the Afghan territory is restored; c. ensuring quality checks and drills on performance and execution of the assimilated ISAF-NATO-ANA force; d. increasing the sphere of influence of the Afghan National Police (ANP) to tackle the dominance of drug lords and welcomes the continuing cooperation with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; e. ensuring proportional representation of different ethnicities in the ANP;

3. Notes that reconciliation with non combatant Taliban should be initiated by: a. providing employment opportunities to all willing to lay down arms; b. reintegration of those “willing to renounce violence, participate in the free and open society and respect the principles that are enshrined in the Afghan constitution and cut ties with Al-Qaedaand other terrorist groups, and pursue their political goals peacefully.”(as per the Operative Clause13 of the London Communiqué 28th January 2010);

4. Recommends that the security situation in Afghanistan be reconsidered and revaluated on 5th November 2014 by the Security Council. If Security Council then believes that the situation has stabilized in Afghanistan then all the ISAFand NATOtroops will be called back;

5. Calls for reforms in the judiciary sector and doing so by: a. encouraging the setting up of an International Independent High Office of Oversight which will act in an advisory capacity to further collaborate with United Nation Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)and United Nations Convention Against Corruption while upholding the United Nations Anti Corruption Penal Code, also applauds the efforts of General Independent Administration of Anti Corruption; b. emphasizing that judges should be trained and better educated in legal practise and ethics; c. supporting provincial initiatives of making the judiciary more accessible;

6. Calls for an improvement in basic human rights by implementing the following: a. United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) offices in Afghanistan need to be reinstated, moreover a subsidiary organ of the UNIFEMshould further be


b.

c. d.

e. f. g. h. i.

established to promote specific UNIFEMinterests in Afghanistan, and suggests strongly that the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)and United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)should collaborate to ensure all fundamental human rights are guaranteed; Urging Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs)to collaborate with UNIFEMworkers to ensure an increased awarenesstowards the importance of education increasesin Afghanistan; Emphasising that women representation in the Parliament of Afghanistan must be increased to a fixed quota; Insisting that the coalition security force must provide security to all education institutions (especially those for females) to ensure that freedom of education is granted; Recommends that public education and awarenessshould be used to depart the knowledge of basic human and legal rights; Believes that awarenessof child vaccination must be increased so as to reduce infant mortality rates; Encouragesdeveloped countries to distribute improved medicinal technology and generic drugs to Afghanistan hospitals; Strongly supports the training of not only highly educated doctors but also paramedics; Calls upon all nations to attempt to contribute in the construction of high standard hospitals in collaboration with organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and La Medecins SansFrontier ( Doctors Without Borders) and Red Cross;

7. Encouragesthe growth of the economy of Afghanistan through: a. approves the launching of EMBRAPA’s(Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation) program in Afghanistan for the rejuvenation, uplift and development of the agricultural sector;

b. asks that all countries declare support to foster the industries in Afghanistan (like carpets and fruit sector) and will ensure that no discriminatory policies in trade will be enforced; c. moreover this Council calls for investment in the extraction and processing of the vast mineral resources available in Afghanistan with appreciation to China in investing in the mineral sector of Afghanistan; d. focuseson initiating Micro Financing projects to alleviate poverty and establishment of a strong central bank;

8. Endorsesthe provision of incentives to farmers so as to shift from poppy seed cultivation to other cash crops and urges preferential trade agreements for all agricultural produce other than poppy seeds;

9. Calls upon countries developed in methods of sustainable energy to try to develop this particular sector in Afghanistan;

10. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

My draft resolution  

This is a sample of the draft reoslutio my committe passed

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