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g n i v i L Baker County

Your guide to local businesses, organizations, government services, schools and more.

Caring for Baker County St. Luke’s Clinic – Eastern Oregon Medical Associates 3950 17th Street, Suite A, Baker City (541) 523-1001

• Anti-Coagulation

• Occupational Health

• Certified Care Managers

• Pediatrics

• Certified Lactation Specialist

• Rural Nurse Navigation for Cancer Patients

• Diabetes Education for Individuals and Groups • Digital X-Ray • Echocardiography • General Medicine/Primary Care • Geriatric Care

• Saturday Walk-in Urgent Care Clinic • Screening mammography (March-October)

Hours: Monday-Thursday 7 a.m.-7 p.m. Friday, 7 a.m.-5 p.m. Saturday, 8 a.m.-noon

• Women’s Healthcare Pocahontas Rd.

• Infusion Services • Lab Services • Obstetrics

Specialty Entrance Lab Draws

St. Luke’s Specialty Services 3445 Pocahontas Road, Suite A, Baker City (541) 523-8075 We are pleased to regularly welcome visiting specialists to our Baker City clinic. Talk with your primary care provider if you are interested in seeing a visiting specialist. • Cardiology

• Nephrology

• Oncology

• Urology

• Pulmonary

Main Entrance St. Luke’s Clinic - Eastern Oregon Medical Associates 17th St.


Baker County Living


aker County is in the northeastern corner of Oregon along Interstate 84 — 300 miles east of Portland and 75 miles west of the Idaho border. The county’s population is 16,400 and covers more than 3,000 square miles. The county seat, Baker City, is the largest community with a population close to 10,000. Located at the base of the Elkhorn Mountains at an elevation of 3,369 feet, Baker City offers a variety for outdoor enthusiasts — skiing fresh powder, hiking, camping, fishing or driving the scenic byways. In town, the historic district boasts more than 100 buildings on the National Register of Historic Places. Settled during the days of the gold rush, Baker County is still reliant on agriculture, but has diversified to include tourism and manufacturing.

Snapshot Amenities Public Parks - 9 Swimming pools - 1 Public tennis courts - 6 Sports fields - 8 Golf courses - 1 Cinemas - 1 Public libraries - 6 Museums/galleries - 10 Churches - 28

Major employers Local government - 760 State government - 290 St. Alphonsus Medical Center - 222 Federal government - 250 Marvin Wood Products - 190 Ash Grove Cement - 140 Behlen Country - 90 OregonTrail Electric - 46 Natural Structures - 35 Guyer & Associates - 20 Orchard Wood Products - 17 Baker City Herald - 16

Inside Weather 4 Connections 8 Community resources 10 Health services 12 Schools 18 Youth 20 Library 22 Art and theater 24 Transportation 26 Nonprofits 30 Volunteer 32 Service clubs 36 Churches 38 Senior services 40 Pets, state resources 42 Rural living 44 Gardening 50 Winter 52 Code of the West 56 Public lands 64 Outdoor recreation 72 Elkhorn Scenic Byway 76 Hells Canyon Byway 78 Special events 80-84 Relocation 86

Baker County Living is published annually by the Baker City Herald, a division of Western Communications Inc. Contact us: Baker City Herald, P.O. Box 807, Baker City, OR 97814 Website: 1

Baker County Living Adult Living Facilities Meadowbrook Place.............................11 Animal Health & Services NW Ag Supply......................................83 Scorpio International............................75 Best Friends of Baker............................51 New Hope for E. OR Animals.................73 Arts & Entertainment Crossroads Art Center...........................51 Elkhorn Lanes......................................47 Eltrym Theater.....................................43 Attractions & Events Anthony Lakes.....................................11 Baker County Fair................................53 Baker Heritage Museum......................43 Colton Carriage Services......................45 Elkhorn Grange..................................79 Auto, Towing & Repair Eagle Valley Collision............................75 Grumpy's Repair..................................59 Mike Bork Auto....................................49 O'Neal's Lube & Repair........................27 Paradise Truck Wash.............................63 Paul's Transmissions.............................69 Wagon Wash........................................67 Communications Navigate Wireless................................29 Contractors, Equipment & Sales Britt Sand & Gravel/Farwest Concrete...25 Elkhorn Drilling....................................69 Olson's Tractor & Hydraulics..................87 Robbin's Farm Equipment.....................47 Triple C Redi Mix..................................11 Education & Training Baker County Library...........................27 Blue Mtn. Community College...............15 Harvest Christian School.......................35 Faith Organization Church Directory..................................33 St. Stephen's.......................................45 Financial Services Cam Credits........................................39 Community Bank................................47 Guyer & Associates CPA's PC..................7 Martin Financial..................................53 Old West Federal Credit Union.............65 Vision Wealth Management.................21 Fuel Baker Truck Corral...............................55 Black Distributing, Inc..........................17 Fletcher's Shell....................................31 Gas N Snack........................................65 Funeral Services

Advertiser Index

Coles Tribute Center..............................83 Gray's West & Company.......................85 Tami's Pine Valley Funeral Home..........79 Health & Medical Services Anita Swartz MA, CCC-SLP......................73 Baker City Pharmacy.............................77 Baker Vision Clinic..................................9 Dr. Michael Rushton, DPM.....................49 Eagle Optical........................................83 Elkhorn Denture...................................23 Family Wellness Center.........................15 Heart n Home......................................59 Ideal Partners in Home Care.................69

Saint Alphonsus Medical Center.................88 ......inside back cover, back cover

Saint Luke's Clinic...........inside front cover Home & Garden NeHi Enterprises..................................67 Home Maintenance & Repair Baker Sewer & Drain............................83 Blue Mountain Appliance.......................81 Clear Windows......................................77 Curtis Heating & Air..............................77 Heaven's Best......................................19 Miller's Lumber & Truss........................71 MMW Electric Motor & Repair................23 Scott's Heating & Air.............................35 Insurance Services Ag Insurance........................................31 Nick Conklin Insurance.........................39 State Farm Gregg Hinrichsen................85 Legal Services Yturri Rose, LLC....................................61 Lodging & RV Parks Eagle Valley RV...................................55 Eldorado Inn.......................................87 Home Away From Home......................71 Pine Valley Lodge................................81 Rodeway Inn.......................................65 Sunridge Inn........................................45 Manufacturers Ash Grove Cement...............................13 Elkhorn Boot Repair.............................71 Organizations Baker County Chamber of Commerce.....3 Baker County Veterans.........................49 Community Connections.........................5 Elk's Lodge #338.................................61 Soroptimist International of Baker County .................73 Personal & Wellness Services Baker City Vapoligy..............................55 Baker Valley Travel..............................51 Baker YMCA........................................85 2

Gold Heart Massage.............................75 Publishing Companies Baker City Herald................................41 Real Estate & Related Services Allied Mortgage Resource......................59 Baker City Realty..................................87 John J. Howard & Associates.................39 Restaurants Baker County Custom Meats..................87 Baker Truck Corral...............................55 Barley Brown's Brew Pub.....................69 Coffee Corral.......................................75 Haines Steak House...............................7 Little Bagel Shop..................................57 Oregon Trail Restaurant........................67 Paizano's Pizza....................................53 Rising Sun Palace.................................37 Sumpter Junction.................................63 Sunridge Inn........................................45 Taco Time.............................................85 Zephyr Bakery.....................................43 Retailers Ace Nursery........................................79 Baker Copy, Ship & Mail........................7 Baker Food Co-op................................57 Baker Gold & Silver..............................81 Blue Mountain Design Works................35 Cabin Cowboy......................................63 Cliff's Saws & Cycles.............................81 Cody's General Store............................57 Computer Maniac.................................79 Courtesy Home Furnishings..................67 Miller's Lumber & Truss........................80 Ryder Brother's Stationary...................19 Trader Ray's........................................73 Treasure Every Stitch............................23 Richland/Halfway Businesses Eagle Valley RV....................................55 Pine Valley Lodge................................81 Tami's Pine Valley Funeral Home..........79 Social Services MayDay...............................................71 New Directions Northwest Prevention Program..............................................61 Storage Saf-T-Stor.............................................77 Utilities Oregon Trail Electric Cooperative...........27


Baker County Living


Rainy Oregon? Not in these parts ■■Our average rainfall is 10.68 inches — for the entire year By Jayson Jacoby

You know what a rain shadow is. Well, much of Baker County lies within a double rain shadow. Puddles, suffice it to say, are an uncommon hazard hereabouts. The first, and by far the larger, of these two shadows is the one cast by the Cascade Mountains. That line of volcanic peaks intercepts most of the moisture from the soggy storms that sweep inland from the Pacific Ocean frequently between Halloween and Memorial Day. And a goodly portion of the water that the Cascades don’t get is wrung out by the Elkhorns, the 9,000-foot range that dominates the western horizon from Baker Valley. Clouds, as a result, tend to contain precious little precipitation by the time they reach Baker City. The average rainfall at the Baker City Municipal Airport is 10.68 inches. Portland, Salem and Eugene each gets doused with more than three times as much. What those cities don’t get much of, though, is snow. Or sub-zero temperatures. Both of which are relatively common in Baker County. The explanation for this involves a couple of factors. See Page 6

These are the monthly averages and extremes, all from the Baker City Municipal Airport's records, 1951 to present.

Month-by-month JANUARY Avg. high: 33.9 Avg. low: 16.9 Precipitation: .99 Record High: 59 Record Low: -28

JULY Avg. high: 84.9 Avg. low: 48.3 Precipitation: .58 Record High: 104 Record Low: 30

FEBRUARY Avg. high: 41.1 Avg. low: 22.3 Precipitation: .64 Record High: 66 Record Low: -28

AUGUST Avg. high: 84.2 Avg. low: 46.9 Precipitation: .85 Record High: 106 Record Low: 27

MARCH Avg. high: 49.8 Avg. low: 26.6 Precipitation: .82 Record High: 78 Record Low: -5

SEPTEMBER Avg.high: 75.1 Avg. low: 38.7 Precipitation: .68 Record High: 101 Record Low: 17

APRIL Avg. high: 58.7 Avg. low: 31.0 Precipitation: .84 Record High: 89 Record Low: 12

OCTOBER Avg. high: 62.4 Avg. low: 30.3 Precipitation: .63 Record High: 90 Record Low: 1

MAY Avg. high: 67.1 Avg. low: 38.1 Precipitation: 1.37 Record High: 94 Record Low: 14

NOVEMBER Avg. high: 45.5 Avg. low: 24.8 Precipitation: .93 Record High: 72 Record Low: -16

JUNE Avg. high: 75.3 Avg. low: 44.5 Precipitation: 1.33 Record High: 102 Record Low: 26

DECEMBER Avg. high: 35.6 Avg. low: 18.0 Precipitation: 1.02 Record High: 60 Record Low: -39


Community Connection 2810 Cedar Street, Baker City • 541-523-6591 Caring for our Senior Citizens in their homes and at our Senior Center

IN-HOME CARE: • A few hours a week to keep Senior Citizens living independently in their homes. • Bathing, dressing, meal preparation, grocery shopping, light housekeeping, respite care, transportation to doctor appointments. HEALTH SERVICES: • Blood Pressure Testing • Foot Care Clinics • Medical Equipment Loans NUTRITION: Daily Monday - Friday • Serving Noon to 12:20 • A nutritious hot meal at the Dining Center • Meals on Wheels delivered to the home. Also available in outlying communities Halfway, Richland, Huntington, Haines TRANSPORTATION: • In Baker: Trolley Service 8 AM - 5 PM Monday - Friday • Call for information on Baker - La Grande Commuter Service • Weekly service from Halfway and Richland to Baker • Affordable Senior Rates • See route and times at

Call for activities offered (Such as Tai Chi & line dancing)

Baker County Senior Programs Mary Jo Carpenter, County Manager

Bingo: Mon Nights 6:30 pm Jackpots & Special Games Tues & Thurs 1pm Played on Hard Cards

A Community Service from

Community Connection of Northeast Oregon, Inc.

Administrative Office: 104 Elm Street, La Grande, OR 97850 • 541-963-3186 Margaret Davidson, Executive Director 5

Baker County Living


Continued from Page 4

The first of these factors is the aforementioned Pacific Ocean. That massive body of water strongly influences weather relatively near the coast — mainly between the Cascades and the beach. Specifically, the Pacific acts as a sort of automatic climate control — the water temperature off the Oregon coast usually ranges between 50 and 60 degrees, and so does the air temperature. Prevailing winds then blow that mild air onshore, where it moderates both summer heat and winter chill west of the Cascades. Baker County, by contrast, is more than 200 miles from the Pacific, and thus is relatively unaffected by those balmy breezes. As a result, summers here are hotter than west of the Cascades. Winters, meanwhile, are colder, which brings up the second factor: elevation. Baker City is about 3,400 feet above sea level, whereas most of the Willamette Valley is below 500 feet. And with occasional, and temporary, exceptions, the temperature gets lower the higher you climb. Baker County’s elevation, com-

The Climate Baker County is too far away from the Pacific Ocean to benefit from its climate control, so summers here are hot. We're also at a higher elevation — 3,400 feet above sea level — which means winters are cold and snowy. This is also a dry climate — on summer afternoons, the humidity rarely exceeds 30 percent. But we do still get rain — mostly in the spring. May and June are the wettest months around here.

bined with its scarcity of clouds, results in nighttime temperatures that usually drop below 55 even during heat waves. And the heat, as the saying goes, is of the dry variety — humidity on summer afternoons rarely exceeds 30 percent, and often dips below 20 percent. Fall, and especially the first half, is a particularly pleasant season here. October is actually the seconddriest month, and September the fourth-driest (July tops the list, and February is third). So-called Indian

summer, with sunshine, afternoon highs in the 60s and nighttime lows in the 20s, can persist for weeks during autumn. Snow rarely accumulates in the valleys before Thanksgiving, although the higher mountains often don their white attire weeks earlier. Another weather tendency that distinguishes Baker County from much of the rest of Oregon is that the wettest period is not fall or winter, but rather spring. May is the wettest month, and June the second-wettest.

National Climatic Data Center www. 6

Guyer & Associates are pleased to welcome Megan Adams & Jake Collier as principals to the firm. Joyce Dawn

ty Ci


a &M



One Store,

Two Sides 's aft • UPS • US Mail e c r py Joy & C • Packaging o C e • Gift Wrapping m a r • Enlargements • Reductions F r ke hip S


• Complete Tax Services • Accounting • Estate Financial Planning • Payroll Services

• Color or BW Copies or Printing up to 36” • Faxing • Laminating - up to 26” • Greeting Cards • Gifts

• Frames • Custom Framing & Matting • Art & Craft & Scrapbook Supplies

Serving our local communities since 1946

Guyer & Associates 2790 MAIN • BAKER CITY • 541-523-4471

2101 Main • Basche Sage Monday - Friday • 9:30-5:30

1005 ADAMS • LA GRANDE • 541-963-6009


Baker County Living


Need a phone? Or a newspaper? Water

■■ City of Baker 1655 First St., Baker City 541-523-6541

Electricity ■■ Oregon Trail Electric Co-op 4005 23rd St., Baker City 541-523-3616

If you're moving to Baker County, this contact list of local services — water, power, telephone, television — will help make it a little easier.

Natural gas ■■ Cascade Natural Gas 888-522-1130

■■ CenturyLink 866-519-4192



■■ CenturyLink 866-261-3312

■■ Baker City Herald (M, W & F) 1915 First St. 541-523-3673

■■ Verizon 1080 Campbell St., Baker City 541-523-4310 ■■ Navigate Wireless 1084 Campbell St., Baker City 541-523-3334 ■■ Snake River PCS 349 First St., Richland 541-893-6115

Internet ■■ The Geo 1809 Main St., Baker City 541-523-0270 ■■ Eastern Oregon Net Inc. 808 Adams Ave., La Grande 541-962-7873

■■ Record-Courier (Weekly) 1718 Main St., Baker City 541-523-5353 ■■ Hells Canyon Journal (Weekly) 145 N. Main St., Halfway 541-742-7900

Television ■■ Charter Communication 866-815-0012 ■■ CenturyLink 866-394-8133

Drivers license ■■ Oregon DMV 3370 10th St., Baker City 866-731-5420 8

Garbage, recycling ■■ Baker Sanitary Service 3048 Campbell St., Baker City 541-523-2626

Sewer ■■ Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) 800-304-3513

Post offices ■■ Baker City 1550 Dewey Ave. 541-523-8593 ■■ Haines 918 Front St. ■■ Sumpter 321 S.E. Austin St. 541-894-2323 ■■ Huntington 10 E. Washington 541-869-2256 ■■ Halfway 10 W. Main 541-742-4381 ■■ Richland 203 Main St. 541-893-6194 ■■ Durkee 28677 Highway 30 541-877-2224


Baker County Living


Community resources - just in case Emergency services ■■ Baker City Police Department 1768 Auburn Ave., Baker City 541-524-2014 ■■ Baker County Sheriff's Office 3410 K St., Baker City 541-523-6415 ■■ Oregon State Police 39155 Pocahontas Road, Baker City 541-523-5848 ■■ Baker City Fire Department 1616 Second St., Baker City 541-523-3711 ■■ Poison Control 800-222-1222

Local government ■■ Baker City Hall 1655 First St. 541-523-6541 ■■ Baker County Courthouse 1995 Fourth St., Baker City 541-523-8200 ■■ Department of Human Services 3615 10th St., Baker City 541-523-6423

Crisisresources ■■ MayDay Inc. Advocacy center for victims of domestic

We like our low crime rate, but that doesn't mean you'll never need the services of a police officer or the fire department — or a marriage license. violence, sexual assault and elder abuse. 1834 Main St., 541-523-9472 24-hour crisis line: 541-523-4134 ■■ Rachel Pregnancy Center 2192 Court Ave., Baker City 541-523-5357

Services ■■ Baker County Veterans Office 1995 Fourth St., Baker City 541-523-8223 ■■ Social Security Administration 2205 Cove Ave., La Grande 541-963-0105 ■■ Community Connection of Baker County Assistance for seniors and low-income households. The dining center serves meals Monday through Friday from noon to 12:20 p.m. A $3 donation is suggested for those 60 and older, and $5.25 for younger people. 2810 Cedar St., Baker City 541-523-659


■■ Baker County Vector Control If you have a bad case of mosquitoes around your house, this is the number to call. 541-523-1151

Food banks ■■ Northeast Oregon Compassion Center Food and clothing bank. 1250 Hughes Lane, Baker City 541-523-9845 ■■ The Salvation Army 2502 Broadway St., Baker City 541-523-5853 ■■ Bread of Life 3453 H St., Baker City 541-523-5425 ■■ St. Francis de Sales 2235 First St., Baker City 541-523-4521

Emergency assistance ■■ Baker County Ministerial Association 541-523-2014 ■■ Community Connection 2810 Cedar St., Baker City 541-523-6591 ■■ American Red Cross 1655 First St. Baker City 541-523-2231

• Downhill • Nordic • Lodge • Rental Shop • Ski School • Cat Skiing • Yurt • Own The Mountain • Highest Base Elevation • Fun Events Ski Anthony Lakes operates in partnership with the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest under a special use permit, and is an equal opportunity provider.


Baker County Living


A regional system of health care


aker City’s hospital, which has been serving the community for 113 years, underwent a change of sponsorship in 2010 to become St. Alphonsus Medical Center-Baker City, which makes it part of Trinity Health and the St. Alphonsus Health System, a four-hospital, 714-bed system serving southwestern Idaho, Eastern Oregon and northern Nevada. The hospital offers many specialty areas — orthopedics, a Birth Center, and the Billie Ruth Bootsma Infusion Clinic, which includes chemotherapy so patients don't have to drive for treatment. HOSPITAL ■■ St. Alphonsus Medical Center - Baker City 3325 Pocahontas Road 541-523-6461

St. Alphonsus Founded in 1894 by the Sisters of the Holy Cross, St. Alphonsus was the first hospital established in Boise, Idaho. Now referred to as St. Alphonsus Regional Medical System, the licensed medicalsurgical/acute-care 381-bed hospital serves as the center for advanced medicine. 12


Baker County Living


St. Luke's Clinic - EOMA and St. Luke's Specialty Clinic


t. Luke's Clinic-Eastern Oregon Medical Associates brings a variety of specialty services to the Baker City clinic, which is part of the St. Luke's system based in Boise, Idaho. The clinic is located at 3950 17th St. The building is divided according to services — the providers who focus on family practice and obstetrics are in one section accessed off 17th Street, while the visiting specialists are in another section, accessed by the entrance off Pocahontas Road. Offerings include nurse navigation, infusion services (IV hydration, antibiotic infusions and injections), urology, digital X-ray, a certified diabetic educator, certified care managers and a certified lactation specialist. This summer the clinic started offering chemotherapy treatments twice a month. ■■ Information: 541-523-1001

St. Luke's Founded in 1902 as a six-bed frontier hospital, St. Luke’s Boise is now Idaho’s largest health care provider, and the flagship hospital of St. Luke's Health System. St. Luke's Boise is known for its centers in cancer, heart, and women's and children's care, as well as St. Luke's Heart, St. Luke's Mountain States Tumor Institute's largest clinic, St. Luke's Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, and St. Luke's Children's Hospital. 14


Baker County Living Health Care Providers

From health to vision to physical therapy

Saint Alphonsus-Baker City Emergency Room

Saint Alphonsus-Baker City Orthopedics

3325 Pochontas Road 541-523-6461 ■■ Steven Delashmutt, MD ■■ Nancy Hutnak, DO ■■ David Richards, MD ■■ Michael McQueen, MD ■■ Neal Jacobsen, DO

3325 Pochontas Road 541-523-1797 ■■ Eric Sandefur, DO ■■ Autumn Swiger- Harrell, PA-C

Saint Alphonsus Medical Group - Baker Clinic 3175 Pochontas Road 541-523-4415 ■■ Melissa Knutson. DO ■■ Leslie Jackson, MD ■■ Bud Zunino, FNP ■■ Elizabeth Chattin, PA-C ■■ Kate Grace, PA-C ■■ Elizabeth DeMille, PA

Saint Alphonsus-Baker City Valley Medical Clinic 3820 17th St. 541-523-4465 ■■ Charles E. Hofmann, MD ■■ Bryan Braun, PA-C ■■ Kate Grace, PA-C

Saint Alphonsus-Baker City General Surgery 3325 Pochontas Road 541-523-1797 ■■ Barbara Tylka, MD ■■ Mary Patricia Colvin, MD

Saint Alphonsus-Baker City Radiology Gem State Radiology 541-523-8137

St. Luke's Eastern Oregon Medical Associates

3950 17th St., Baker City 541-523-1001 ■■ Jonathan D. Schott, MD (Family Practice) ■■ J. Daniel Smithson, MD (Family Practice) ■■ Eric R. Lamb, MD (Family Practice) ■■ William P. Irvine, MD (Family Practice/Obstetrics) ■■ Trisha Eckman, MD (Family Practice/Obstetrics) ■■ Deb Vencill, FNP ■■ Linda Ellis, FNP ■■ Monte Anderson, PA-C ■■ Devin Bowman, PA-C

Eagle Cap Clinic

3705 Midway Drive, Baker City 541-523-4497 ■■ Randy Alanko, MD


Ophthalmology 3705 Midway Drive, Baker City 541-523-4497 ■■ James Davis, MD

Baker Vision Clinic

2150 Third St., Baker City 541-523-5858 ■■ Sheryl Blankenship, OD ■■ Leslie Elms, OD ■■ Logan Mitchell, OD

Physical Therapy

■■ Saint Alphonsus-Baker City Rehabilitation Services 3325 Pocahontas Road, Baker City 541-523-4654 ■■ Baker Valley Physical Therapy 3950 17th St., Baker City 541-523-8888 ■■ Integrative Physical Therapy 1207 Dewey Ave., Baker City 541-523-9664


2830 10th St. Baker City 541-523-0122 ■■ Michael Rushton, DPM


■■ Baker City Chiropractic 2618 10th St., Baker City 541-523-6561 ■■ Family Chiropractic Health 2899 10th St., Baker City 541-523-6565 ■■ Elkhorn Chiropractic 2805 10th St., Baker City 541-523-2495


Baker County Living


aker County schools offer quite a variety of educational settings, from public to private to one of the only remaining one-room schools in Oregon. We also have access to college classes.

In 2009, Baker City schools experienced a change due to the closing of one elementary school. The remaining two were changed to grade-level schools — Grades kindergarten through 3 at Brooklyn Primary and Grades 4 through

Schools 6 at South Baker Intermediate. Baker Middle School then brings together students from Baker City, Haines and Keating in Grades 7-8. In the fall of 2011, Baker School District moved to a four-day school week, Monday through Thursday.

Area schools and contact information

Baker School District

■■ District Office 2090 Fourth St. 541-524-2260 ■■ Brooklyn Primary (K-3) 1350 Washington Ave. 541-524-2450 ■■ South Baker Intermediate (4-6) 1285 Third St. 541-524-2350 www.southbakerintermediateschool. com ■■ Haines Elementary School (K-6) 400 School Road 541-524-2400 ■■ Keating School (K-6) 41964 Miles Bridge Road, Keating 541-523-2377 ■■ Baker Middle School 2320 Washington Ave. 541-524-2500 ■■ Baker High School 2500 E St. 541-524-2600 ■■ Eagle Cap Innovative High School 2725 Seventh St., Baker City 541-524-2310

■■ Baker Charter Schools 2725 Seventh St., Baker City 541-524-2300


■■ Pine-Eagle School District (Richland and Halfway, K-12) 375 N. Main St. 541-742-2811


■■ Burnt River School K-12 201 S. First Ave. 541-446-3336


■■ Elementary and High School 520 Third St. 541-869-2204

North Powder

■■ North Powder Charter School 333 G St. 541-898-2244

Private Schools

■■ Baker Valley Seventh-day Adventist School (K-6) 42171 Chico Lane 541-523-4165 ■■ Harvest Christian Academy (K-12) 3720 Birch St. 541-523-6822 18


■■ Blue Mountain Community College - Baker campus 3275 Baker St., Baker City 541-523-9127 ■■ Eastern Oregon University Baker Center 3000 Broadway St. 541-523-6822

Preschool age

■■ Child Care Resource and Referral 1575 Dewey Ave., Baker City 541-523-7838 ■■ Head Start 1927 16th St., Baker City 541-523-2696 ■■ Baker Early Intervention 1927 16th St., Baker City 541-523-2664 ■■ Preschools For a list, call the Baker School District office, 541-524-2260 ■■ MOPS: Mothers of Preschoolers meets twice a month at the Baker City Nazarene Church, 1250 Hughes Lane, on the first and third Wednesdays from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. (September to May). Find current information online: www.facebook. com/BakerCityMops or www.mops. org.

& Sweet Shoppe The Toys you remember - TODAY! Homemade Chocolates by:

Visit us on the web:

Heaven’s Best carpet and upholstery cleaning service offers unparalleled professional service at an affordable price. Our exclusive formula, specialized tools, and trained professional technicians gently remove dirt and stains, leaving your carpets dry in just 1 hour. Our unique upholstery cleaning process gives new life to your furniture. We offer special rates on commercial and institutional jobs. We have also recently added tile and grout cleaning and sealing to our offering of services. Heaven’s Best is a locally owned and operated in Baker and Grant Counties by Dave Daffer. Our mission is to not only give you the service you expect, but above all offer you the best!

541-523-7525 Over the years, Heaven’s Best has received numerous Service Excellence Awards including Operator of the Year based on customer evaluations and in 2013, The Cleaner of Excellence Award. 19

Baker County Living


Need a cure for bored kids? Baker Family YMCA

■■ 3715 Pocahontas Road 541-523-9622 The Y has three buildings in town: Sam-O Swim Center, 580 Baker St.; a fitness center and preschool, 3715 Pocahontas Road; and a gymnasium, 2020 Church St. Programs include sports for every season, year-round swimming lessons and preschool parent-tot classes.

Art ■■ 2020 Auburn Ave. 541-523-5369 Crossroads offers a variety of classes for children and adult— Young Adult Studio and Pottery Studio every Friday, pottery classes, ballet and more. Every summer features new classes just for youngsters, bringing instructors to teach dance, music and theater. The cost varies per class and scholarships are available.

Boy Scouts ■■ JoAnna Bradshaw, Eastern Oregon District paraprofessional 541-963-2858 Boy Scouting provides opportunities for young people to participate in outdoor activities, community service projects and educational opportunities.

Girl Scouts ■■ Brandi George, Eastern Oregon Girl Scout membership manager

Kathy Orr / Baker City Herald

YMCA sports for every season includes youth soccer. 541-667-9696 Through Girl Scouting, girls from kindergarten through high school have the opportunity to explore the outdoors, serve their communities and learn new skills.

Church programs ■■ Kids Club at First Lutheran Church 541-523-4391 This group for children in kindergarten through Grade 6 meets every Friday from 1:15 p.m. to 4 p.m. at First Lutheran Church, 1734 Third St. (entrance is on Valley Av-


enue). This activity is free, and includes music, crafts, special speakers, snacks and Bible lessons. ■■ AWANA 541-5233891 This program at Calvary Baptist Church, located at the corner of Broadway and Third streets, meets from 6:15 p.m. to 8 p.m. on Wednesdays from September to April. ■■ Youth groups Several local churches have youth groups — meeting dates and times vary from church to church.


Baker County Living

Public Library

Books, magazines and so much more


he Baker County Public Library offers, of course, lots of books for all ages. Other services include a computer lab and countless Internet-based resources to help with schoolwork. STORYTIME

Storytime is scheduled three times a week, from 10 a.m. to 11 a.m. Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays. While children of all ages are welcome to any of the storytimes, each one is geared toward a different age group: Tuesdays for babies, Wednesdays for toddlers and Fridays for elementary age. Each session features stories read aloud by the children’s librarian and a craft. Other special events are held throughout the year, such as a Halloween gathering and special crafts during winter break and spring Craft time at the Baker County Library. break.

Photo by Lisa Britton


Every summer finds children at the library, logging hours for the Summer Reading Program. Sessions are held at 10 a.m. Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays in Baker City. Storytime at the Haines branch happens on Thursdays.


Libraries of Eastern Oregon (LEO) brings unique programs to the library several times a every year. LEO is a consortium of rural libraries in Oregon, which means easier access to bring special events to the small towns.

Information Baker County Library 2400 Resort St. 541-523-6419


Plans are in the works for a gathering on Friday for kids, when school is not in session. Call the library for details. 22

Branches In addition to the main library in Baker City, the district has libraries in Haines, Halfway, Richland, Sumpter and Huntington. Literary Night

The library also helps sponsor Literary Night, which happens on the second Friday of each month at Crossroads Carnegie Art Center, 2020 Auburn Ave.


Treasure Every Stitch Quilt Shop

41280 Highway 30, Baker City 523-2859 MMW Electric Motor & Pump Repair Inc. has been serving Baker, Union and Grant counties since 1984. MMW offers a wide selection of pumps for installation and sale, from lawn to irrigation pumps to domestic well water systems. MMW carries a wide variety wheel line and hand line parts. They are a dealer for Grundfos SQFLELX Solar Systems. Helping our farmers and ranchers get water in remote places, by solar power. MMW sells and services a wide selection of electric motors. Remember them at harvest time and spring.

• Fabric • Notions • Books • Patterns • Hand Embroidery 2101 Main Street, Suite 108 541-523-9499 Monday - Friday 10 - 5 Saturday 10 - 3


Baker County Living

The Arts

Galleries Crossroads Carnegie Art Center Crossroads is all things art in Baker County, with monthly shows featuring artists from near and far, as well as a changing roster of classes and workshops. ■■ 2020 Auburn Ave., Baker City ■■ 541-523-5369 ■■ ■■ Hours: 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Saturday. Short Term Gallery This gallery is a co-op of local artists who rotate their work in a regular basis. ■■ 1829 Main St., Baker City ■■ ■■ Hours: 10 a.m.-6 p.m. weekdays, 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Saturdays, and 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sundays. Peterson's Gallery Peterson's is a family-run gallery that features new artists every month from around the region. Also, chocolatier Alyssa Peterson is constantly creating new confections, as well as offers drinking chocolate. ■■ 1925 Main St., Baker City ■■ 541-523-1022 ■■ ■■ Hours: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Tuesday through Sunday The Dancing Elephant Gallery The Dancing Elephant Gallery is a locally owned gallery and gift shop featuring fine art and high quality handcrafted gifts by local and regional artists. ■■ 1788 Main St., Baker City ■■ 541-523-9672 ■■ ■■ Hours: 11 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday

Submitted photo

Dick Kramer, right, and Eli Dickison in 'Arsenic and Old Lace.' Earth & Vine This restaurant is always open during First Friday, and usually has new art and music. ■■ 2001 Washington Ave., Baker City Cowboy Cabin Design ■■ 2013 First St., Baker City



astern Oregon Regional Theatre was established in 2003, and produces about four plays each year. The actors come from the community, and volunteer their time to bring theater to Baker County. If you don’t fancy the spotlight, there are also chances to work behind the scenes. EORT now has its own theater, located inside Basche-Sage Place in downtown Baker City. Look for the “Now Showing” flag when perfor24

First Friday Monthly art shows open on the first Friday of each month, starting at 5:30 p.m. at the downtown galleries. A number of businesses also stay open late, including Mad HABIT Boutique, Antieler Anders, Castle Gallery, and No. 1911.

mances are on. The theater is located upstairs, and an elevator is available during performances for those who would rather not take the stairs. ■■ Office: 2021 Main St. Suite 221 ■■ Phone: 541-523-4371 ■■ Website:


Baker County Living


S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

The Baker CityTrolley has been in operation since 2009.

We do have public transportation!


eed a ride? For public transportation, just remember “t” for taxi and trolley. The Baker City Trolley took to the streets in July 2009 and has been on the road ever since, Monday through Friday. It follows a single two-way route from the east side of Baker City to the west, beginning and ending on the hour at the Baker Truck Corral, 515 Campbell St. Eight stops along the route are marked by signs, but you can also flag the driver anywhere along the route (as long as it’s safe to stop). TAXI ■■ Baker Cab, 541-523-6070 BUS ■■ Greyhound Bus Lines, 541-523-5011 AIR ■■ Baker Aviation, 541-523-5663

Trolley Baker City Trolley route map: See page 30 Hours of operation 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday

Fares $1 one way, $3 day pass, $5 family. Monthly passes are available for $35 individual, $50 family

Contact 541-523-6591


Oregon Trail Electric Co-op

Affordable OTEC’s Electric Rates are among the lowest in the region, beating out nearly all other public and investor-owned utilities. This means our members pay some of the most inexpensive electric rates in the nation.

O’Neal’s Lube & Repair 41466 Hwy 30, North Baker City 541-523-8345

Servicing Baker County for 14 years, with over 25 years in the industry. Brian & his son Justin can take care of all your repair needs.

ASE Certified General Automotive Diagnostic & Repair Foreign & Domestic Brian O’Neal, Owner/Tech • Justin O’Neal, Tech

Learn more at


Baker County Living




Baker County Living

Nonprofit groups

A town’s non-profit organizations provide the character of a place, from the museums that preserve local history to volunteers who maintain one of the only operating steam-engine train.

■■ Baker Community Choir: 541-5236799 ■■ Baker Community Concert Association: 541-523-4600 S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

■■ Baker County CASA (CourtAppointed Special Advocates): 541-523-9520

Volunteers operate the steam-powered Sumpter Valley Railroad each summer.

■■ Baker County Library Foundation: 541-523-6419,

■■ Friends of Halfway Library: P.O. Box 922, Halfway, OR 97834

■■ Cornucopia Arts Council: P.O. Box 921, Halfway, OR 97839

■■ Friends of the Sumpter Valley Dredge: 541-894-2314

■■ Crossroads Carnegie Art Center: 541-523-5369,

■■ Historic Baker City Inc.: 1901 Main St. 541-523-5442

■■ Eastern Oregon Museum: 610 Third St., Haines, 541-856-3233

■■ Leo Adler Memorial Parkway Inc.: 541-524-1999

■■ Eastern Oregon RegionalTheatre:

■■ MayDay Inc.: 1834 Main St. 541-5239472

■■ Friends of the Baker Heritage Museum: 2480 Grove St., Baker City, 541-523-9308

■■ Old OregonTrail Rides Inc.: P.O. Box 1105, Baker City, OR 97814


■■ OregonTrail PreservationTrust:3030 Grandview Drive, Baker City, OR 97814 ■■ Pine Valley Community Museum: P.O. Box 678, Halfway, OR 97834 ■■ Powder River Dance Club: Chuck Hoover, 541-524-9306 ■■ Sumpter Valley Museum Association: P.O. Box 67, Sumpter, OR 97877 ■■ Sumpter Valley Railroad Restoration Inc.: 866-894-2268, www. ■■ TrailTenders Inc.: 541-523-1843

Northeast Oregon Health & Wellness Your reference guide to the resources and activities available for

Gas & Propane RV Dump Fish & Game Supplies Hot Deli Snacks Coffee Cold Sandwiches Coldest Coolers in town!

healthy living in Eastern Oregon.

Fletcher’s Sinclair

Pick up a copy at 1915 First Street or local medical offices or view online at

940 Hwy 7 • Baker City • 541-523-7480


Baker County Living


Volunteering is a win-win situation for everyone — the volunteer has an opportunity to give back to the community, and the organization benefits from dedicated workers. There is truly nothing more valuable you can give than your time. Start volunteering today! TrailTenders volunteer at the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center

Good help needed in all areas ARTS AND CULTURE

■■ National Historic OregonTrail Interpretive Center andTrailTenders Inc.: 22267 Highway 86, 541-523-1843. Hours: 9 a.m.-4 p.m. November March; 9 a.m.-6 p.m. April - October. The Interpretive Center offers exhibits that share the history of the Oregon Trail, as well as living history performances and special events that portray life on the Trail. A non-profit group called the Trail Tenders helped establish the center, and today these volunteers run the gift shop and participate in special events.

■■ Crossroads Carnegie Art Center: 2020 Auburn Ave., 541-523-5369. Hours: 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Saturday (See Page 24) ■■ Eastern Oregon RegionalTheatre: 2021 Main St. Suite 221, 541-523-4371, (See Page 24)

CASA stands for Court-Appointed Special Advocates. Volunteers are needed to help make a difference in the lives of abused and neglected children in Baker County.

Social services

■■ Community Connection: 2810 Cedar St., 541-523-6591. Looking for dining hostesses, delivery drivers for Meals on Wheels, musicians, bingo callers, craft class instructor and fundraising.

■■ Baker County CASA: 541-523-9520.

■■ MayDay Inc.: 1834 Main St., 541-5239472. MayDay provides services to victims of domestic violence and sexual assault.

■■ American Red Cross, Eastern Oregon Chapter: 1655 First St., Baker City, 541-523-2231.


Baker United Methodist Church


5411 523 541-523-4201

1995 Fourth Street • Baker City 523-5201

1919 2nd Street, Baker City

Est. 1874

Open Hearts Open Minds Open Doors

The People of the United Methodist Church Putting Faith and Love Into Action Sunday Worship Casual Service: 8:30 AM Adult Bible Study: 10 AM Traditional Service: 11 AM

10:30 am Sunday Worship Service 9:30 am Sunday School (Sept. - May) Child Care Provided


1734 Third Street, Baker City Pastor Mel Harris 523-3922 •

Bible Study 9:30 am Sunday Service 11 am June-August Service 10 am

Bible Study•Small•Groups Community Service•Crafts Game Nights•Potluck Dinners Home of the Annual Autumn Bazaar Pastor Ralph Lawrence

Established 1904

Baker City Saturday Mass except Mid June to Sept....6:00 pm Sunday Mass ..............................9:30 am Spanish Mass..........Noon (1st & 3rd Sundays) St. Therese, Halfway....Mass always at 2 pm

Sunday Worship

First Service..............................9:00 am 2nd Service & Sunday School..10:45 am Small Groups: Kids Connection Pre-5th Grade Wednesday..............6:30 pm High School Youth - Tues........ 7:00 pm Jr. High Youth - Wed............... 6:30 pm

Jesse Whitford, Pastor Jase Madsen, Youth Pastor 675 Hwy 7 • 541-523-5425

1st & 3rd weekends on Saturday 2nd, 4th & 5th weekends on Sunday

A Four Square Gospel Church 1839 3rd Street 541-523-7915 Worship Service 10:45 a.m.

All are welcome.

Mass .............. 9:00 AM Monday, Wednesday, Friday

17th & Pocahontas, Baker City 523-4913 Pastor Tony Brandon

Services Saturdays

Church at Study...............9:30 am Worship........................ 11:00 am

Baker Valley Adventist School Grades 1-8 • 523-4165

PLEASANT VALLEY FELLOWSHIP The WORD, simply taught chapter by chapter verse by verse

2405 10th St., Baker City • 541-540-3082

541-523-4521 • Corner of First & Church St.

Elkhorn Community Fellowship

Midway Drive P.O. Box 1046 Baker City, Oregon 97814

Sunday Services 6pm Saturday Service in Richland 6pm Pastor Ryan Preuit

St. Francis Chapel… Tues & Thurs at 7:30 am • Fri 6 am Father Rob Greiner, Pastor Knights meet 3rd Thursday at 7 pm



Contact us at Learn about Methodism:

St. Francis De Sales Cathedral

Church Directory

Sunday Worship

10 AM Worship Service Children's Church & Nursery 6 PM Youth Group (7-12 Grade)


Meet Monday through Friday

Pastor Tim Fisher Sunday School...................9:30 am Morning Worship............10:45 am Evening Worship................6:00 pm Bible Study &Prayer -Wed. 6:30pm Light BrigadeWed............. 6:30 pm

Pastor Dave Deputy Third & Broadway 541-523-3891

The will of God will never take you to where the Grace of God will not protect you. 3520 Birch • Church 523-4332


6:15 PM Awana (age 3-6th Grade) (September - April)

Home Studies



Baker County Living


"Volunteers don't get paid, not because they're worthless, but because they're priceless." - Sherry Anderson

Social services ■■ Elder Advocates: 800-522-2602. Volunteers are needed to help protect the rights and dignity of residents in nursing facilities, residential care facilities, assisted living facilities and adult foster care homes. ■■ ■■ Lifespan of Baker City: 541523-6591. Accepting applications for prospective volunteer respite providers. ■■ The Salvation Army: 2505 Broadway St., 541-523-5853. People needed to help stock merchandise, and also for youth supervisors and tutors. During the holidays, volunteers are needed to ring bells for the red kettle fundraisers.


■■ Baker Heritage Museum: 2480 Grove St., 541-523-9308. Volunteers are needed for a variety of jobs — hosts, gift shop personnel, volunteer coordinator, gardener, answer phones, carpenter, electrician, plumber, data entry, working with collections and exhibits and more. ■■ St. Alphonsus Hospital Auxiliary: 3325 Pocahontas Road, 541-523-6461. Volunteers needed to be greeters, light clerical workers.

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Red Cross volunteer Mindi Sherrieb teaches CPR and other courses.

■■ Trail Tenders: 541-523-1843, This group coexists with the National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center — in fact, they were instrumental in getting it up and operating. Trail Tenders staff the gift shop (proceeds support center 34

programs), sponsor the annual "Run to the Ruts" fun run/walk, and dress in period costumes to help educate visitors during special events, such as wagon encampments. Trail Tenders also greet visitors to the center and provide information.

Embroidery by... Blue Mountain Design

1920 Court Ave • Baker City • (541) 523-7163

Jackets • Shirts • Hats Quilt Squares • Hoodies Vests • Sweatshirts School Mascots “In shop clothing... plain or custom embroidered” Also located at this address McElroy Printing, Inc. 1920 Court Ave • 541-523-2621


Baker County Living

Service Clubs

If you’re not quite sure what sort of volunteering you might like, another option is to join one of the local service clubs. All are dedicated to the local community, as well as beyond to the state, nation and even international level. Each group has its own signature events, but all are dedicated to making the community a better place. The Lions Club built these shelters at Baker City's Central Park

Baker County service organizations S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

■■ Kiwanis Club: Dave Cowan, 541-5236027. Meets at noon Tuesdays at the Sunridge Restaurant ■■ Baker City Lions Club: Rick Taylor, 541-519-2832. Meets at noon Thursdays at the Sunridge Restaurant ■■ Halfway Lions Club: Ralph Smead, 541-742-4664. Meets at 7:30 p.m. on the third Wednesday at the Halfway Lions Hall

■■ Baker City Rotary Club: Walt Wegener, 541-524-2260. Meets at noon Mondays at the Sunridge Restaurant ■■ Soroptimist International: President Kelly Tanzey, 541-519-8800. New members: 541-519-5653 and 541-519-7502. Meets at noon on the second, third and fourth Wednesdays at the Sunridge Restaurant


■■ Daughters of the American Revolution: Michelle Cookson, 541523-4248. Meets the second Friday of each month, alternating between Baker City and La Grande ■■ Baker County Cattlewomen: Meetings are held four times per year. Contact: Nancy Bailey, Farm Credit Services, 541-524-2920.


Baker County Living


Photo by Lisa Britton

Interior of St. Francis de Sales Cathedral in Baker City.

Baker City ■■ Agape Christian Center: 650 Highway 7, 541-523-6586 ■■ Baker City Christian Church: 675 Highway 7, 541-523-5425 ■■ Baker City Church of the Nazarene: 1250 Hughes Lane, 541-5233533 ■■ Baker United Methodist Church: 1919 Second St., 541-523-4201 ■■ Baker Valley Church of Christ: 2533 Church St., 541-523-9383 ■■ Blue Mountain Baptist Church: 2405 10th St., 541-403-1690 ■■ Calvary Baptist Church: 2107 Third St., 541-523-3891 ■■ Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints: 2625 Hughes Lane, 541523-4901 ■■ Christian Science Church: 2210 Washington Ave., 541-523-5911 ■■ Elkhorn Baptist Church: 3520 Birch St., 541-523-4332 ■■ Elkhorn Community Church Foursquare Gospel: 1839 Third St., 541-523-7915 ■■ First Lutheran Church: 1734 Third St., 541-523-3922 ■■ First Presbyterian Church: 1995 Fourth St., 541-523-5201 ■■ Harvest Christian Church: 3720

Birch St., 541-523-4233 ■■ Jehovah’s Witnesses: 975 Bridge St., 541-523-9467 ■■ New Beginnings Fellowship Pentecostal Church of God: 1820 Estes St., 541-524-1394 ■■ New Hope Church: 2007 First St., 541-523-4775 ■■ Pleasant Valley Fellowship: 3100 H St., 541-403-2994 ■■ St. Francis de Sales Cathedral: 2235 First St., 541-523-4521 ■■ St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church: 2177 First St., 541-523-4812 ■■ Seventh-day Adventist Church:42171 Chico Road, 541-5234913


■■ First Baptist Church: 714 Cole St., 541-856-3471 ■■ Haines United Methodist Church: Fourth and Roberts streets, 541-9636991

Unity ■■ Burnt River Community Church: 30271 Hwy. 26, 541-446-3317 ■■ St. Joseph Catholic Church: Highway 245, 541-473-3906


■■ Oxbow Christian Fellowship: 541742-4414 ■■ Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints: 541-742-7676 ■■ Pine Valley Christian Center: 541742-4421 ■■ St.Therese Catholic Church: 135 Bell St., 541-523-4521


■■ New Bridge Church of the Nazarene: 11th and Birch streets, 541893-6121 ■■ Christian Church: 541-893-6191 ■■ Seventh-day Adventist Church: 541-893-6174


North Powder

■■ McEwen Bible Fellowship: 15403 Highway 7, 541-894-2303 ■■ St. Brigid’s in the Pines Community Church: 284 East Auburn St., 541-523-4812

■■ Cornerstone Baptist Church: 140 E St., 541-898-2603 ■■ United Methodist Church: 541-8982629 ■■ St. Anthony Catholic Church: 541379-5137


Licensed & Bonded Collection Specialists

CAM CREDITS, INC. 1668 Resort St., Suite C, Baker City 523-3619 or 1-800-883-3515

La Grande Office 1207 Adams Ave. 541-663-9000

Baker City Office 2195 Main St. 541-523-7390

Richland Office 102 Main St. 541-893-3115

Cam Credits, Inc. owned and operated by Julie Hickerson since 1984, purchased Business & Professional Adjustments and the Credit Bureau of Baker County, in August of 1992. Cam is a member of ACA International and Healthcare Client Services and since 1977 has offered collection services for:

• MEDICAL • LEGAL • DENTAL • RETAIL /COMMERCIAL • NSF CHECKS • JUDGEMENTS • NOTES • Pre-collection service – letter series customized to fit your needs. • Fully computerized state-of-the-art collection software • NO membership fees – contingent fees based on age of account. • Quotation of fees on commercial accounts over $1,000. • Accounts Receivable consulting/management. • Credit Reporting Services. • Collector Training. • Computerized bookkeeping services. Billing/Accounts Payable/ General Ledger/Payroll. • Check out our secure client portal at

Become a fan on Facebook

Nick Conklin Insurance, LLC 2307 Main Street, Baker City

541-523-7733 State Farm Agent Nick Conklin and his staff are dedicated to providing quality service to all of their customers with a variety of products including Auto, Fire, Life, Bank, and Financial Services. Like a good neighbor, State Farm is there! 39

Baker County Living

Senior Services

Services in the Home ■■ Homecare Commission: 877- 8670077 A care provider comes to your home to provide some or all of these services: meal preparation, shopping, housekeeping, laun- dry, transportation, assistance with medication and activities of daily living.

Residential care

A facility consisting of shared or individual living units in a homelike surround. Services available on a 24-hour basis. ■■ Ashley Manor: 1040 Lund Lane, Baker City, 541-524-9880 ■■ Settlers Park: 2895 17th St., Baker City, 541-523-0200

Assisted Living

A facility with fully self-contained individual living units. Offers and coordinates a range of services available on a 24-hour basis. ■■ Meadowbrook Place: 4000 Cedar St., Baker City, 541-523-6333 ■■ Settlers Park: 2895 17th St., Baker City, 541-523-0200

Adult Foster Care

Family home that offers residential care to five or fewer adults in a homelike setting, 24 hours a day. ■■ Angel Wings Adult Care: 3490 10th St., Baker City, 541-523-5978 ■■ Carolyn Hartz: 46316 Rock Creek Town Road, Haines, 541-856-3757 ■■ Elkhorn Adult Foster Home: 1455 15th St., Baker City, 541-523-8487 ■■ Idlewood Manor: 905 Idlewood St., Baker City, 541-523-3111 ■■ Park Street Manor: 1150 Park St., Baker City, 541-523-4629

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Nellie Edwards posts the latest news and photos of her family while living at the Elkhorn Adult Foster Home in Baker City. ■■ Serenity Farms: 45600 Schoolhouse Road, Haines, 541-856-3771

Nursing Facilities Group living in a hospital-like setting providing medical services 24 hours a day. ■■ Saint Alphonsus Care Center: 3985 Midway Drive, Baker City, 541-523-4452

Adult Foster Care

■■ Angel Wings Adult Care: 1905 Fourth St., Baker City, 541-523-5978 ■■ Carolyn Hartz: 46316 Rock Creek Town Road, Haines, 541-856-3757 ■■ Elkhorn Adult Foster Home: 1455 15th St., Baker City, 541-523-8487 40

■■ Idlewood Manor: 905 Idlewood St., Baker City, 541-523-3111 ■■ Park Street Manor: 1150 Park St., Baker City, 541-523-4629 ■■ Serenity Farms: 45600 Schoolhouse Road, Haines, 541-856-3771

Home Health

■■ Encompass Home Care: 1515 Campbell St., Baker City, 541-523-3335 ■■ Care At Home Inc.: 1705 Main St., Baker City, 541-523-4385


■■ Heart 'n' Home Hospice: 3370 10th St., Suite E, Baker City, 541-524-7688

Serving Baker County since 1870

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1915 First Street, Baker City, OR 97814 • 541-523-3673 • Fax: 541-523-6426 ROUNDUP: L SPORTS WEEKEND REGIONAL HIGH SCHOO



Serving Baker County

g • Sports Monday Local • Home & Livin

October 7, 2013


Gubernatorial candidate to visit Baker City

cichlid was a favorite among ■ The big Flowerhorn


Garden lessons learned

Pit bulls on city agenda

Aquatic Mascot Dies

Goodye, Oscar Baker County Library’s


Dennis Richardson, a Republican running for Oregon governor in 2014, will be in Baker City on Wednesday from 6 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. to meet with local GOP party members and the public at the Baker County Library, 2400 Resort St. Richardson is a Republican state representative from Central Point, near Medford. He will seek the GOP nomination in the May since 1870 • bakercityhe

young visitors

■ Police Chief Wyn Lohner has written a report explaining how other cities deal with pit bulls

2014 primary.

Soroptimist garage sale set for Saturday

By Terri Harber

Soroptimist International of Baker County will have its annual garage sale this Saturday, Oct. 12 from 8 a.m. to noon in the Family Life Center at the Baker Church of the Nazarene, 1250 Hughes Lane.

Haines Fall Festival and car show Oct. 12

Submitted photo

The third-annual Haines Fall Festival and Car Show is scheduled 12 for this Saturday, Oct. from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the Elkhorn Grange, across from the Haines

delighted cichlid fish that has Oscar, a Flowerhorn on Oct. 2. for nine years, died By Lisa Britton

For the Baker City Herald

Oscar, the fish that enterat the tained countless children Baker County Public Library, died Oct. 2. He was a Flowerhorn cichlid, seemed and unique in that he to interact with the children standing near the aquarium.outAt 9 years old, Oscar had of this lived the typical lifespan years, species, which is 3 to 5 said Melissa Shafer. “I took him home and buried so he him in the flower garden, joy and could continue to bring was a He ower. fl a as beauty she FLOWERhorn after all,” said.

Steakhouse. There will be a variety of vendors as well as apple cider pressed on site. Officials from Cover Oregon, the new health , insurance marketplace will be available to answer questions. The library and Eastern Oregon Museum will be open from 9 a.m. to noon. For vendor informa, tion, call 541-519-3638

and for information about the car show call 541-519-8887.

visitors to the Baker

Shooting victim had worked in Baker, Meacham

Durkee Halloween Carnival Oct. 26

The annual Durkee Halloween Carnival is planned for Saturday, Oct. 26 starting at 5 p.m. at the Durkee Community Hall. Events include a costume contest, creepy cake walk, pumpkin races and a carved pumpkin contest. People are invited to bring a favorite dish to share in the potluck. There will also be a fundraiser raffle. Tickets will be available at the door for $1 each or six

County Public Library

level because they were at his Oscar — approached the tank that he made sure to tell them Oscar’s Memorial said. was in charge,” Shafer • New Orleans-style event She is planning a New for • Wednesday, Oct. 9 after Orleans-style memorial a.m. storystory time — about 11 Wednesday, Oct. 9, after a.m.) 11 (about time “We will have a small parade fish, noiseOscar was first Shafer’s through the library with the libut she brought him to flags to celebrate all alone makers and said. she brary “because he was his life and passing,” chasing to buy at the house and kept The library would like glass.” the in cichlid ection his refl a new baby Flowerhorn She said Flowerhorn cichlids and other freshwater invertesh fi social and lobster). are interactive brates (snails, shrimp, and of Os— but also aggressive Donations in memory was he why is the dominate, which car will be used to purchase to who so interested in the people new fish and other additions peered at him. kids the tank. “When people — mostly

in the death A pit bull attack that resulted er Jordan Ryan, 5, of Baker City kindergartn possible action by on Sept. 27, has prompted city councilors. hear about potenThe elected officials will of this dog tial ways to regulate ownership at 7 p.m. at Tuesday meet they breed when City Hall, 1655 First St. Police Chief Wyn Lohner compiled a report for councilors comcontaining measures other munities have taken regardingl ownership of this controversia dog breed. Lohner Some communities require canines people who own these insurance, keep the to pay a deposit, take out post signs warnor dog in a secure enclosure dangerous dog ing others that a potentially location. resides at a particular and Canadian Incidents reported in U.S. 1982 and newspapers between September bulls have caused Dec. 31, 2012, show pit Rottweilers have bodily harm to 2,235 people.bull mixes have pit caused harm to 495 and done so to 148. 1,268 and Pit bull attacks have maimed maimed have killed 233 people. Rottweilers 277 and killed 81. people and wolf hyHuskys have killed 24 have killed 12 people brids 19. Pit bull mixes (Presa canarios) — fewer than bull mastiffs and German shepherds. See Pit Bulls/Page 5A

Tasty Temptations

Lisa Britton / For the City Herald

but himself in his right leg he is expected to recover, Palmer said Friday. Authorities have not Michael Piete, one of talked about possible two Baker County men or whether the motives, at as who were shot to death teenager will be charged a cabin near Granite late as an adult. Wednesday, had worked Palmer said he filled out a seasonal snowplow driver a probable cause affidavit, of in Baker County for two listing two counts each use winters several years ago. homicide and unlawful Piete, 43, along with his of a firearm against the uncle, Kenneth C. Gilliland, 14-year-old. a 64, were killed during Piete worked on the for deer-hunting trip in Grant seasonal snowplow crew County. two winters for the Oregon Grant County SherDepartment of Transa iff Glenn Palmer said a portation before taking at 14-year-old boy who is full-time job with ODOT Piete’s foster son is the Meacham, said Brad Paysuspect. ton, manager at ODOT’s The teenager, whose Baker City station. name has not been reSee Shooting/Page 2A leased, accidentally shot

By Chris Collins and Jayson Jacoby

for $5.



63 / 33 Mostly sunny


51 / 33


Chance of showers

Issue 60, 18 pages

Full forecast on the back of the B section.

Calendar ....................2A 4B-7B Classified ............. 3B Comics .......................

....3A Community News & 7B Crossword ........5B 8B Dear Abby .................


1B Home ......................... & 7B Horoscope ........5B A Letters ........................4

Lottery Results ..........2A News of Record ........2A Opinion ......................4A

Senior Menus ...........2A 1C-4C Sports .................. 8B Weather .....................


Weekly Feature Sections B

Monday, September 23, 2013 The Observer & Baker City Herald


Waiting room is now clear

There is a waiting room in my mind where thoughts linger and I must let them board their chosen vehicle out of town in order to proceed with entertaining more. Here are a few recent ones that I am releasing: My thanks to all those folks who wished me a happy birthday in a variety of ways. It was one of the nicest birthdays I have had. Along with that, the encouragement that comes my way, also in a variety of ways, urging me to continue my column, makes me humbly appreciative. It seems that any subject about which I write reaches someone somewhere in a personal way, and I worry about the impact a few words can make, so may my expressions be governed in wisdom and concern. Out of the many readers, only Audeen caught or at least acknowledged that I had slipped up between Popeye’s adversary Pluto and Bluto, and I know more folks than that used to see this cartoon series. I’ve sent the yellow dog home to his own place of entertainment, Popeye will deal with Bluto. Thanks, Audeen. Finally, in this segment, Citizenship Day was listed on my calendar last week and that’s why my Grandfather Hofmann’s becoming a United States citizen in 1923 became so important just then. It took him 17 years to attain something that was a highlight in his life, even though he was always known as an “Adventurer.” It was also Constitution Day, something for all of us to consider. There is one thing more that has preyed on me recently. Hopefully next week I’ll remember something more cheerful. It was, and remains, as follows: Why are you so upset about a tragedy that didn’t happen? I asked myself. My answer was that I would have been at fault if it had happened even though I wasn’t involved in the scene that was in play before me. It appeared to be a tragedy in the making. It was my hesitation to interfere that concerns me. You see, I was sitting in a restaurant when three men, a woman, two little girls and a young boy took their places at a window table. They ate and visited, enjoying their time together along with another woman who stopped by to chat a moment. All went well until the children began to get bored, I guess it was, eager to be doing something besides listening to adult talk. Perhaps I’m wrong. That’s just what it appeared to be since most children’s patience don’t outlast their adults.

Game Day

A football-viewing feast


Friday, September 20, 2013 The Observer & Baker City Herald

Nutrition and wellness video to be shown

BAKER CITY — IPT Wellness Connection and Intuitive Nutrition will be hosting a series of free educational video nights on the topics of nutrition and wellness. The first video will be shown Oct. 10 at 6 p.m. at Integrative Physical Therapy, 1207 Dewey Ave. in Baker City. More information is available by calling: 541-523-9664.


Trying to decide which chocolate treat to try during theTaste of Baker on Saturday evening in downtown Baker City are Fern McConnell, 4, and her parents Alicia and Scott McConnell of La Grande.

Baker City Herald

Dealing With Dementia

A balance: independence & security

The Baker City Herald has been serving Baker County since it was first established as the weekly Bedrock-Democrat May 11, 1870. Two daily newspapers, the Morning Democrat (developed by the owners of the Bedrock-Democrat) and the evening Herald, merged to become the Baker Democrat-Herald in 1929. In 1990, following a vote by the residents of Baker to change the city’s name back to Baker City, the newspaper’s name was changed to the Baker City Herald. Published every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, the Herald is the region’s leading source for Baker County news and community information. Online at and through Twitter and Facebook, local news, events and updates are available 24/7. The Baker City Herald is an active community sponsor of local non-profit organization, events and youth programs. The Baker City Herald and sister paper, The La Grande Observer, are owned by Western Communications, Inc.

■ Assisted living facilities strive to give residents freedom while protecting those who might wander away The Observer and Baker City Herald

The staff of every assisted DID YOU living facility deals with the KNOW? same challenge: Ensuring the appropriate balance of • September is World independence and security Alzheimer’s Month for each of their residents. • Sept. 21 is Alzheimer’s One reason this is a chalAction Day lenge, of course, is that for • More information: each resident that balance is different. OR For facilities that have come to La Grande’s Health clinic memory care sections, deMax Square on opening at signed for people with severe Saturday, Sept. 21, MCT Baker store Alzheimer’s or other forms of from 9 a.m. to noon to Easy and inexpensive, theseBAKER pork sliders feed a hungry crowd. Below, chewy, dark chocolate cookies and ice cream that balance tips CITY —are St.perfect todementia, acquire free information put those school cafeteria ice cream sandwiches to shame. toward security. Alphonsus Medical It’s not uncommon for peoCenter-Baker City By Ellise Pierce the security door codes, ple diagnosed with dementia will be opening an Fort Worth Star-Telegram that technology is not used to wander away. in-store health clinic The thermostat may still read regularly. Exterior doors in memory at the Albertsons summer, but when it’s Septem“We have multiple care units are locked, with Grocery store at 1120 ber, it’s football season. systems set up here at the access usually controlled Campbell St. Which means putting out a The service, called facility, and we don’t utilize by a keypad code or similar game-day spread that’s easy to (bracelets) regularly at this technology. Express Care, is make ahead of time so you get point because we already This ensures that employtentatively scheduled to the more serious business of have enough safety interees and visitors can come and to start in November, the day — face painting, coordivention,” she said. go, but residents can’t easily said Laura Huggins, nating matching outfits in team Community Relations leave and put themselves in marketing and comcolors with your mate and, inmunications specialDirector Ann Yoder of danger. Texas, placing bets on how many Wildflower Lodge said its The situation is different ist for St. Alphonsus. times Jerry Jones will say “Super memory care unit uses simiin assisted living sections, A certified nurse Bowl” in his pre- and post-game lar technology. where some residents need practitioner or physiinterviews. “If they have a dementia little if any assistance but cian assistant will be Admittedly, I never watched diagnosis and they are in others exhibit early signs of available to assess, much football in America or paid our memory care side, we dementia. diagnose and treat much attention to the footballcommon medical have a keypad entrance, and Here strategies vary games when I lived in France,conditions eithey don’t leave that area among facilities. such ther — and by football, of course, without being attended by In some cases the staff as earaches, sore I mean soccer, a game that has staff.” pays particular attention to throats, colds and always seemed more interest-sinus infections. Dementia and Alzheimresidents who have symping to me simply because of theExpress Care er’s patients at Wildflower toms of dementia, including 2 teaspoons sea salt occasion. dip and checks toWith outfits — so I’m a little in thewill charge a spread Lodge do leave the memory make sure like this, I could a flat Melty cheesefrequent tortilla chips are fine — andresidents I’ve dark on the game particularsfee no (which surely become a football fan. Any- 1 teaspoon black pepper care side daily to participate those are within has not 2 tablespoons brown sugar — but to andwhere matter where I am. in activities in the assisted facility safe. in the world. S. John Collins / Baker City Herald been set)certainly for theseeaten plentythe 3 1/2 pounds pork shoulder celebrate seaIn France, as far as I know,services, le it time for kickoff yet? at Meadowbrook living side of the facility, but Other facilitiesIsemploy A resident Place in Baker City displays a WanderGuard bracelet. It which willthis year’s football 15 to 20 small buns or rolls son, seven I wanted to come technology up with a that can alert foot never included any sort ofbe available they are supervised by staff contains a microchip that triggers an alarm if the resident tries to open one of the asSweet jalapeno-spiked menu that was a bit more meaty,when pregame tailgate party, or even the entire time. The patients employees a resident sisted living facility’s 13 exterior doors. days a week. PULLED-PORK pickles (recipe follows) as simple to prepare as a a gathering of friends for an More yet are encouraged to particiapproaches or opens an uninformation SLIDERS microwavable about. all-afternoon soiree. In fact, when pate in activities like bingo locked door, giving staff time about the new Baker dip. Or just For the sauce: Makes 15 tohasn’t 20 sliders SoCare I thought: pulled-pork slidI went to the movies in Paris,City I Express or one of their music groups. to make sure the resident left using a WanderGuard system with door or gate will trigger the alarm 1 cup ketchup little barbecue-ish sandwichhardly ever witnessed anyoneservice isers, “Our memory care side is called the premises. that tells us when someone is coming patient bracelets that sound an available 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar super-easy and inexpensive es541-523with sweet jalapeno-spiked eating while watching the film. ‘Expressions,’ ” said Yoder, “because The Observer andAthe Baker City alarm if a patient leaves the facilthrough any one of them.” by calling 1 teaspoon mustard powder recipe thatfrom you put together thefacility salad Which is typical. In France, food we have the different expressions we Herald interviewed officials ity; however, Laprelle said that with The also has the option of 2100. pickles, and a bacon-potato 1 heaping tablespoon day before that’s a lot like one myfacilities mom used — and dining together — is an hit on on a daily basis — the spiriacross the tri-county area the big game. brown sugar make. Food that’s astofifilling as how they approach this occasion in itself. The only thing Studytolinks tual, artistic and mental — all these nd out 1 teaspoon sea salt you want it to be, because thosetask. For the sliders: I saw people eating on the street obesity, different expressions.” difficult 1/2 teaspoon black pepper games can go on (and on). Plus a was the end of a baguette. migraines 1 heaping teaspoon Offering quality of life activities to clove garlic, minced The cost 1oflarge dementia this year will be $604 billion, or more than 1 percent dessert that’s fun and Vista not fussy: I don’t claim to know much LOS ANGELES Specialty ground Care and mustard dementia and Alzheimer’s patients of global GDP, and will only increase as more people live longer. ice cream — easyower to Lodge, about football, but I love the idea La teaspoon Grande 1 heaping is a chief concern for facilities with a — Not that anyonesandwiches Wildfl make even easier toLeft eat. unattended, of a party, no matter what theneeds one, See Dory/Page 2B See Feast/PageNumber 2B smoked paprika Annual costs of cases memory care community. dementia and Albutand here’s Vary widely depending on a Expected to more than triple “We don’t want to just house peozheimer’s patients have a tendency to another problem nation’s affluence, longevity rates by 2050; estimated number ple and say, ‘OK they have dementia’ wander and get lost, but two memory for obese people, and health care costs; costs per of people living with dementia, and just shut them in here, but we care facilities in La Grande — Vista especially women: person for selected nations, in millions, by world region help them continue to have an active Specialty Care and Wildflower Lodge They are much more in 2010 U.S. dollars 2010 2030 2050 life,” Yoder said. — are using security technology that likely to get even 15.94 U.S. $60,090 eliminates that risk. — Trish Yerges, for WesCom News occasional migraine Asia 33.04 49,413 them section is they’ve watered coconut products will work And depending on your coconut By Judy Hevrdejs Vista Specialty Care represents a like Sweden Service headaches. 60.92 Chicago Tribune Australia down a lot. So34,552 they have a lot similar dairy coconut tequila, skilled nursing facility forproducts dementiain cooking. Acrush, studythere’s published 9.95 EU 27 31,939 Consider refrigerated Settler’s Park, Meadowbrook and andAlzheimer’s Judging by the number of patients, said Emilycartons of fewer calories and a lot less fat.” Europe 13.95 lastvodka week in thebeer, jour-plus plain and 30,812 18.65 says the refrigercoconutdirector. milk. “The coconut milk CanadaStill, Giancoli Place, St. Alphonsus Care avored coconut on executive coconut products in supermarkets nalflNeurology Laprelle, Vista foundwaters based 30,805 7.82 ated milks work for smoothies and in the is the one that tastes so U.K. Center, Baker City thinpeople opaque juice foundSpecialty inside Care these days -- beyond the flaked thatthe is acan secure facility. obese 14.78 Hungary Americas in cereals, 24,544 and in “mashed sweet delicious,” the81fruit. coconut your granny used in “What that means issays thatregistered we have dietitian On June 1, Meadowbrook Place, were percent 27.08 4,012it would be divine.” And Argentina potatoes Andrea Giancoli, a spokeswoman course, cooks in Asia, West macaroons and ambrosia — we’ve moreOf special (door) codes and appropriate which has 40 residents, all in assisted likely to have 1.86 3,393 when she uses canned coconut Africa 3.92 forto the Academy Nutrition and Turkey Africamigraines and the Caribbean have gone a bit nuts for this fruit. staffing ratios ensure that of people living, installed the WanderGuard episodic milk2,641 in vegetable, meat and many 8.74 “You’re not going to get China long used by leaveDietetics. That’s right: The hairy brown — those cannot of their own accord,” system on each of its 13 exterior with coconut 14 or milk (made 35.56 traditional Asian dishes, she opts that deep coconutty fl avor, taste simmering ovoid is not a true nut but the she said. “Nobody can leave the door doors. fewer headachecoconut days meat with © 2010 MCT 65.69 for the lower-calorie with refrigerated water,—then coconut theand stone of a drupe, which makes it a month Source: World Alzheimer Report 2010light version. World code.texture Any person who thanstraining) and without 115.38 Graphic: Pat Carr She’s a fan of coconut oil, coconut milks.” oil (pressed from the meat)comes to en-to visit, related to peaches and plums. coming in or out the See Dementia/Page 2B people of normal spreading it on such fish as salmA look at the ingredient label rich dishes in the same way cooks Just check supermarket weight. on or whitefish, so “as it cooks, it will tell you why. “If you’ve never elsewherestudies might use cream or refrigerator cases, where cartons “Previous makes fish even moister.” tried these coconut milks that butter. Some of coconut milks, creamers and have shown a linknewer products are Solid at room temperature, are in the dairy case, it is not the coconut creatures spreads share space with culbetween people with of a different coconut oil has a high smoking sort. migraine Canned coconut milk used in same natural coconut milk that tured coconut products (think chronic point that makes it goodThat for frying you ... extract from the (meat of) Thai curry, for example, is yogurts and kefirs). Or shelves, anda obesity, families are stepping up the sleep apnea, cancer, osteoarcountry. is alarmBynot Trish Yerges but the and sauteing. “With coconut oil,Jo Hickey, the coconut, the same as coconut milksFor found where cans of coconut milk, jars research MCT WesCom News Service which is super high physical activities for their thritis, and type 2 diabetes. ing,” said Rikki has been FREE-- 550 SWIMMING you’re adding aAnytime really nice coconut in fat,— super high in calories inicting grocery cases.LA GRANDE of coconut oil and coconut spray- confl Coconut milk, refrigerated: Cocochildren and building awareThe health care costs? A fitness business Anytime on refrigerated whethfl avor to your food,” adds the Los calories for 1 cup _ and it’s very means it’s important to oils nudge bags of shredded and er thatWhich nut cream plus water. May be fortiness of childhood obesity. sobering $14 billion each manager and certified perFitness and the Veterans Me• Veterans Memorial link existed Angeles-based nutrition and Giancoli says. “SoPool, what401 Palmer you’re buying (check flaked coconut. Or in freezers, fied with calcium and vitamins; year. For the individual, that Information and resources sonal trainer. morial Pool thick,” are partnering Ave., forknow those what with less health writer. According to Hickey, durdone with some La of these ingredient and nutrition labels where coconut milk desserts sit frequent available sweetened, unsweetare available online at www. translates to 9 percent of to offer free they’ve swim Saturdays Grande attacks, ” the coconut milks of that are in the dairySept. 21 and carefully), next to ice creams. See 2B ened, flavored. their total medical costs beingCoconut/Page the past four decades, this month in recognition • Saturday, study’s author,then B. don’t assume Anytime Fitness, 2212 ing spent on obesity-related obesity rates have increased “National Childhood Obesity 28, 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Lee Peterlin of Johns Island Ave. in La Grande, is illnesses. more than fourfold among Month.” • First 35 kids who use Hopkins School of “These severe consequenc- a 24-hour access gym with children ages 6 to 11, and The first 35 kids coming the password “Anytime” Medicine, said in a tanning, personal training es underscore the critical more than 23 million chilto the pool and using the swim for free statement. and group exclusives. Famdren and teens (31.8 percent) importance of children and password “Anytime” will be The information is teens to participate in physi- ily training packages are between 2 and 19 are obese allowed to swim at the pool important, he said, in now available through Oct. cal activity and to engage in or overweight. An obese The free-swim Saturday free of charge from 1 p.m. to part because people 15 to help combat childhealthy eating habits,” said program is part of a national child is at an 80 percent risk 4 p.m. on Saturdays. can lose weight — Hickey. “Childhood obesity is hood obesity. For additional of becoming an obese adult. initiative to reduce childSupervision requirements and perhaps lose the information, call the office Obesity comes with a price entirely preventable. It’s up are strictly enforced and par- hood obesity and introduce migraines, headat 541-663-0300, open from to adults to encourage these for the child, the adult and children to healthy lifestyle ents should read these prior aches that can be 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday healthy habits.” the health-care system. It choices. to sending their children to debilitating. through Thursday and 9 a.m. Each September since puts a person at higher risk “One out of three children the pool: www.cityoflagrande. to 1 p.m. on Fridays. 2010, organizations and for heart disease, stroke, are facing obesity in our org/aquatics.

The Baker City Herald Staff: Publisher: Kari Borgen (kborgen@bakercityherald. com) Newsroom: Jayson Jacoby, Gerry Steele, Chris Collins, Terri Harber ( Photography: Kathy Orr, S. John Collins Business Office: Molly Ragsdale ( Advertising: Lynette Perry, Patty Bennett, Glenas Orcutt ( Classifieds: Julie Ferdig ( Composing/Online: Sarah Smith Circulation: Carolyn Thompson, Sheila Merrill, Theresa Ball, Leona Woodman-Cobarrubias, Michael Holden

The high cost of dementia

Current crush on coconuts breeds an array of products

Swim free during September at Veterans Pool


Baker County Living


Numbers to know if you have pets Veterinarian Clinics ■■ Alpine Veterinary Hospital: 2925 10th St., Baker City, 541-523-5067 ■■ Baker Animal Clinic: 2490 10th St., Baker City, 541-523-3611 ■■ Baker Veterinary Hospital: 3425 10th St., Baker City, 541-523-7772

Dog licenses

■■ Baker City Hall:1655 First St., Baker City, 541-523-6541

Lost pets?

■■ Baker Animal Clinic: 2490 10th St., Baker City, 541-523-3611 ■■ Baker City Herald: The "lost and found" classified ads are free — this is a good place to look for your missing pet, or to advertise if you find a lost dog; 541-5233673,

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Veterinary services are available in Baker County.

Informational hotlines, veterans services Consumer Tips

Veterans Services

■■ Do Not Call List: 888-382-1222 ■■ Public Utility Commission (PUC) Customer Services Division: 800522-2404 ■■ BeforeYou Dig: 8-1-1:

■■ Baker County Veterans Office: 1995 Fourth St. (Baker County Courthouse), 541-523-8223 ■■ Oregon Department of Veterans Affairs: 800-633-8801


Voter registration

■■ Work Source Oregon: 1575 Dewey Ave., Baker City, 541-523-6331

■■ County Clerk's Office: 1995 Fourth St. (Baker County Courthouse), 541523-8207


The state website has useful links and phone numbers as well:

ELTRYM HISTORIC THEATER 1809 1st St, Baker City •

Located in Baker City’s Historic District, stop by and view our display of vintage theater equipment and historic memorabilia collection.

Bakery • Deli • Cafe Take Out • Catering Seasonal Weekly Menu Vegan, Gluten Free & Vegetarian Dishes Available

Each of our 3 theaters is equipped with stadium seating, Christie and Dolby Digital sound.

1917 Main • Baker City 541-523-4601 Barbara & Paul McNeil

Check out our web site for show times, online ticket purchasing and details about Eltrym Movie Club Show Times: 541-523-2522 Office: 541-523-5439

Go back in time to the Wild and Wooly days of Baker County! Baker Heritage Museum

Open 7 days a week 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Mid March thru October Campbell & Grove Streets across from City Park - 8 blocks off I-84 Exit 304 541-523-9308 Facility rental, group tours & memberships available. • • • • •

New Exhibits Each Year Mining Ranching Casino night 1900 Baker City March 1, 2014 World Class Rock & annual Mineral Collection Fundraiser • Wildlife • Transportation • Chinese Culture

The Historic Adler House 2305 Main Street Downtown Baker City Check the Website for Hours Step into the past in this Italianate home of the Adler family. Every room has original furnishings. Marvel at the restoration and original wallpaper.

Admission Charged


Baker County Living

Rural Living

Caution: Cows don't always move By Jayson Jacoby Baker City Herald


he man thought Baker County cattle were pretty stupid. He offered as evidence his crumpled front bumper. He seemed incredulous that Baker County ranchers had not gotten around to teaching their cows about crossing the road. Shoot, most kindergartners have mastered that lesson. The man, a Californian according to his license plate, apparently expected Baker County cattle to be quite brainy, said Beth Phillips, a Keating rancher. “He said, ‘I thought your cows were trained not to cross the road.’ ” Phillips thought the man would have slowed down. She figured if the long line of about 1,000 cattle, wandering single-file along each shoulder of Ore. Highway 86 east of Baker City, didn’t convince the man to lift his foot from the gas pedal, then surely the sheen of ice that glazed the asphalt would. “It was so icy,” Phillips said, recalling that winter day several years ago. “One cow decided to cross at the wrong moment.” The collision mangled the bumper but didn’t bother the cow. The man was angry, and he later threatened to sue, Phillips said. Turns out he knew as much about Oregon’s range laws as he did about the mental capacity of beef cattle.

See Page 44


Cattle drives Where Raising beef cattle is the biggest piece of Baker County’s biggest economic pie: agriculture. With an estimated 115,000 beef cows in the county — about seven times more than the human population — cattle drives are inevitable, and they can occur on almost any road in the county (an obvious exception is Interstate 84).

WHEN Cattle drives are most common during spring, when ranchers move cows from winter pastures to summer, and during fall, when cattle make the return trip. But drives can happen any time of the year.

MORE INFORMATION Copies of the Baker County Cattlewomen’s cattle drive pamphlet are available at the Chamber of Commerce, 480 Campbell St.

Welcome. Please join us...

Colton Carriage Services

ST. STEPHEN'S EPISCOPAL* 2177 First Street, Baker City • 541-523-4812

Services at 9 AM

1st & 3rd Sundays Holy Eucharist 2nd & 4th Sundays Morning Prayer 5th Sunday Morning Prayer Vicar The Rev. Aletha Bonebrake


Enjoy Historic Baker City in a Carriage

East Auburn Street, Sumpter • 541-523-4812

Services at 11 AM

1st & 3rd Sundays Holy Eucharist

Rides for any occasion or just for fun! Carriage • Trolley • Bobsled

A mission of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, Baker City

Come enjoy our annual events, too! *Spring: Shrove Tuesday Annual Pancake Feed *December: Annual Gingerbread Bazaar Memorial Weekend Flea Market Sale in Sumpter

For reservations or prices, call: 541-523-5701 • 541-519-7150 email: Like us on Facebook!


Baker County Living

Rural Living

DO • Slow down • Watch the herders for signals on when to proceed • If you follow a herder or another car, stay close to prevent cows from moving in between • Watch for cow-herding dogs DON’T • Honk your horn or make any other loud noise • Stop more than 50 feet or so from the herd — if you stop, the cattle might stop, too • Get out of your car to take photographs — it’s OK to roll down a window and take pictures, however S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Continued from Page 44

Cow dogs do their jobs well, but they're small, fast and sometimes unnoticeable to drivers.

Baker County is open range, which basically means the cow has the right-of-way. If you kill a cow with your car, you have to pay the cow’s owner — even if the cow was straddling the broken line down the center of the highway. But Phillips said the main reason she remembers that incident on icy Highway 86 is that it illustrates what drivers shouldn’t do when they roll up to a cattle drive. What they should do is spelled out in a two-page pamphlet the Baker County Cattlewomen printed. Actually it’s a new version of an old pamphlet, the late Judy Whitley, who owned a ranch near Medical Springs with her husband, Phil, said in an interview several years ago. Although cattle drives might seem an Old West anachronism, as

relevant to the 21st century as wagon wheels, that’s not so, Judy Whitley said. “We do have cattle drives here — you have to,” she said. “It would take you a week of Sundays to haul (cattle in a truck).” “For most ranchers there’s no other choice,” said Lori Thomas of Thomas Angus Ranch in Baker Valley. Thomas, Whitley and Phillips also used the same word to describe the attitude that drivers ought to adopt, whether they roll up to a couple dozen Black Angus or a herd of Herefords with 300 head. “Patience.” “The biggest problem we run into is drivers who don’t have enough patience to wait until it’s an opportune time to get through the herd,” 46

Thomas said. If you’re not sure whether that time has arrived, Whitley recommends you watch the ranchers who drive the herd. They’re usually on horseback, although occasionally you’ll see a herder riding an ATV — efficient machines, but they quickly ruin the Chisholm Trail ambience. If a herder waves you forward, proceed slowly, Whitley said. She conceded that weaving through a herd of thousandpound animals, even when you’re safely ensconced in a vehicle, can be intimidating — especially for drivers unfamiliar with the bovine temperament. See Page 48

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Baker County Living

Rural Living The key is to drive close enough to the cattle that they keep moving, but not so close that you nudge one with a fender, which can provoke a powerful kick that neither you nor your insurance agent will appreciate.

Baker City Herald file photo

To get through safely, drivers need to pay attention to cattle herders and follow their instructions.

Continued from Page 46


he key, she said, is to drive close enough to the cattle that they keep moving, but not so close that you nudge one with a fender, which can provoke a powerful kick that neither you nor your insurance agent will appreciate. “You do have to crowd them,” Whitley said. “You’re going to have to threaten them a little, or they’ll just ignore you.” Phillips said some drivers try too hard to avoid causing problems, and they stop their car a few hundred feet before they even get to the herd. “If you stop, the cows will stop,” she said. Sometimes one of the riders will guide you through the herd, Whitley said.

If you can follow either a herder or another car, stay close as you wend through the moving wave of beef. If you dawdle, cows will sidle into the gap, and you’ll lose the advantage of having a guide blaze the trail. “If they see an opening they’re going to go for it,” Phillips said. Never honk your horn, blast your stereo or make any other loud noise that might spook the cattle, Whitley said. The animals are unpredictable anyway — especially moms separated from their calves. “You never know when a cow and a calf, or a bull, will dart out in front of you,” said Vickie Foster, whose family owns a ranch in Bowen Valley, just south of Baker City. And the bulls, she said, “don’t care what’s in their way.” 48

Don’t focus solely on the cattle, either. Most ranchers rely on dogs to help herd cows, and dogs, being considerably smaller, are harder to see, Foster said. Phillips said that although she believes most Baker County ranchers have had to deal with irate or careless drivers during a cattle drive, she thinks most people handle herds properly. “Eighty percent of the people are wonderful,” she said. Whitley said for every angry driver she meets there are many who not only don’t mind a brief delay, but actually relish this rarest of experiences — a tradition that hasn’t changed much in more than a century.

Mike Bork Jake Bork 2705 10th St Baker City 541-523-4363

Mon-Fri 8-6 Sat by appt.

Baker County Veteran Services 1995 3rd Street, Baker County Courthouse 541-523-8223 Jane Chandler, Veteran Services Coordinator

• Fleet Maintenance • Imports • Domestic • 4x4s • Computer Analysis • Engines • Transmissions • Clutches • Brakes • Axles • Gears

The Baker County Veteran Services Office provides access to the wide range of benefits and services offered to veterans and their dependents. Health Care, Education, Compensation & Pension, Burial Benefits & much more.

Complete Auto Repair 30 Years Experience

MICHAEL RUSHTON, DPM Podiatric Physician and Surgeon


n. The study and treatment of foot ailments

— po-di’a•trist. n

Treatment and Surgery of the Foot and Ankle • In-grown Nails • Bunions • Warts • Gout • Corns & Callouses • Diabetic Foot Screening • Foot Odor • Athletes Foot • Treatment for pain in feet, shins, heels, knees, lower back • Custom-molded Orthotics Dr. Rushton is a Medicare participant and Preferred Provider for Lifewise and Blue Cross/Blue Shield.

Baker City 2830 10th Street 524-0122

Wednesdays in La Grande 1002 Spring Ave Suite 1 541-963-3431

The doctor speaks Spanish – El doctor habla Espanol. 49

Baker County Living



sk any gardener around here about the growing season and you’re bound to get all sorts of advice — especially that the last frost can happen as late as the Fourth of July. High-desert landscapes offer a challenge for growing fruit and vegetables, and no summer is the same. Also, no neighborhood has the exact same growing conditions — Baker County is full of micro-climates. Staff at the local nurseries and garden centers can offer invaluable advice. ■■ Oregon State University Extension Service — Baker County; 2600 East St., Baker City, 541-523-6418

A “help desk” is staffed to answer gardening questions, and most years a Master Gardener Course is offered to the community.

■■ Community Garden, 541-5237881

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Back yard gardens are a good source of vegetables and decorative flowers, but cold nights come early in autumn.

In 2010, a section of the county fairgrounds was tilled and turned into a community garden with plots available to the public. Those who

purchase a space for the season lend a hand in maintaining the garden while growing their own food.

If you'd rather support local farmers...


he Baker City Farmers Market began as a project by the Master Gardeners. Now it’s a summer tradition, bringing the area’s freshest fruit and vegetables to the community. And that’s not all — you’ll also find fresh bread, sweet treats, handcrafted items and more. ■■ Baker City Farmers Market, June - October

3:30-6:30 p.m. on Grove Street between Geiser Pollman Park and Baker Heritage Museum.


Baker Valley Travel

“A welcoming place where people and the arts speak” Community Art Center & Fine Art Gallery

“Go..See..Experience the World”


“Art For Everyone”

Whether your travel plans call for a family Trisha or romantic vacation, a weekend getaway, or Nichols maybe a new unique travel experience, our experts can help you find the best price and value for your trip. Want to just kick up your heels and have some fun, we’ll work together to find the perfect destination or travel adventure. The personalized service of a travel agent is the best way to be assured of a smooth vacation. So, leave the details to us, relax and be confident that our travel agents will give your vacation the attention it deserves. Value, experience, personal service and customer care is our promise to YOU.

Classes for kids & adults First Friday of each month: • Featured Artists • Show • Downtown Art Walk

Exit 304

Main Street

2020 Auburn Avenue


Campbell Street




w ww.cro ssro ad

Best Friends of Baker, Inc.

PO Box 183 • Baker City, OR 97814 • 541-519-PETS(7387) "The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated." - Gandhi

Best Friends is an ALL VOLUNTEER 501c3 pet rescue organization. We rescue unwanted animals, provide medical care, shelter, foster care and thoughtful placement and adoption of all our animals. Since 2005, Best Friends has touched the lives of over 2,000 animals. We rescue strays from the streets and highways. We rescue unclaimed dogs from the impound facility. We assist in reuniting lost pets with their owners. We provide assistance to owners who can no longer care for their pets by helping to find quality "forever" homes. We depend totally on donations from the community to carry on rescue operations. We need: Dog Food, Cat Food, Kitty Litter, Foster Homes, Help with Facebook (monitor), Monetary donations for medical emergencies, spays/neuters, vaccinations, misc. medical care MAIL TO: Best Friends of Baker, PO Box 183, Baker City, OR 97814 51

Baker County Living


S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Winter and snow will come - always


e're lucky to experience all four seasons here in Eastern Oregon, but sometimes winter seems to last a lot longer than the other three. That means snow, ice and cold temperatures — average highs are in the mid 30s during December and January. And low temperatures? Well, let's just say down coats and insulating layers are a good thing to have in your closet when the mercury dips below 10 degrees ... and sometimes below zero.

Road conditions Dial 5-1-1 on your cell phone Call 800-977-6368 Visit


very year the Oregon Department of Transportation issues tips for winter driving:

■■ Check road conditions before leaving, choose main routes, and let someone know your plans ■■ Keep your gas tank at least half 52

full ■■ Clear snow, ice and frost from vehicle windows and lights ■■ Drive with your lights on ■■ Dont' use cruise control in wet, icy or snowy weather ■■ If you lose traction, gradually slow down — don't slam on the brakes ■■ Avoid driving through snowdrifts ■■ Slow down in advance of shady areas, which can be icy even on sunny winter days ■■ Be extra cautious on bridges or concrete highways — ice forms first on those surfaces




Loans $500 to $5,000 Confidential • Courteous Prompt Loan Service For All Worthwhile Loans Se Habla Espanol • No Pre-Payment Penalty Monday - Friday • 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM 541-523-7372 • 800-725-7372 1932 1st Street • Baker City

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Baker County Living



o keep roads passable, crews from the state, county and city work hard when the snow hits — many times through the night. When you encounter a snow plow or sanding truck, keep your distance, and don’t pass. Also, follow Oregon’s chain laws: ■■ Studded tires can only be used between Nov. 1 and April 1. ■■ Watch for signs indicating chains or traction tires are required. To chain up, pull over to the right of the road as far as possible or pull into a chain-up area. (Some of these areas have people with permits who can chain up for you — the price they charge varies.) ■■ Chains include link and cable chains that attach to the vehicle, wheel or outside of the tire ■■ A traction tire is a studded tire or a tire that is suitable for use in severe snow conditions, marked with a snowflake inside a mountain. ■■ More information about chain requirements is available online at

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow...


he Baker County Road Department crews have 900 miles of roads to plow when the snow falls. Their first priority is to clear the school bus routes — you may want to warn your children that Baker City rarely has snow days.

After those routes are clear, the snowplow drivers move to lower priority roads based on traffic loads, and as time permits. To find out where your road ranks on the priority list, inquire at the road department, 541-5236417. 54

Baker County Road Department 541-523-6417

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Baker County Living

Code of the West


ide open spaces, mountain ranges, few people...these are just a few reasons you either choose to live in rural Eastern Oregon, or may consider moving here. But life out here isn’t quite the same as the city, and we’re not just talking about access to shopping malls or bigbox stores. To offer a little insight, here we reference The Code of the West, a guide to rural living that was compiled by John Clarke, a former commissioner of Larimer County, Colo.

■■Accessing your property Just because your property is easy to access in the summer, conditions in winter may make access more difficult or even impossible.

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

The rural community of Haines is 10 miles north of Baker City.The Elkhorn Mountains form the backdrop.


It is wise to research the legalities of easements and access roads, especially if access to your property crosses lands owned by private landowners or government agencies.

■■ Baker County Planning Department, 541-523-8219 ROAD MAINTENANCE

Some roads are not regularly maintained (little or no grading, snow plowing, etc.). You will need to find out what level of road maintenance is provided, and who is responsible for maintenance. Also, road damage can occur from inclement weather, flooding and wear-and-tear. Repairs usually depend on budget constraints. In the entire county, only 5 percent of roads are paved (that number is slightly higher if you only count well-traveled

You do give up a few conveniences by living in a rural area — restaurant choices, shopping centers, etc. But that's also why we live here — we like a slower, less-hectic pace of life where three cars is a traffic jam and more than two people in line at the grocery store seems like a crowd.

roadways). Gravel roads are likely to be rough, dusty during dry weather, and muddy and slippery during wet weather.


The county does not provide dust abatement — this is up to the private owners, but the county will prepare the road.

■■ Baker County Road Department, 541-523-6417 TRANSPORTING SCHOOL CHILDREN

School bus transportation is provided in most areas of the county. Check with the school district office for information regarding bus routes.

■■ See Page 20 for school contacts DELIVERIES

Check to see if U.S. mail, newspaper and parcel deliveries will be available in your property’s area.

■■ See Page 8

See Page 58

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Baker County Living

Code of the West

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Country residents should know who their first responders are in the event of a medical emergency.


When constructing or reconstructing access roads, it is required that you provide access for emergency vehicles such as ambulances and fire trucks. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Baker County uses the 9-1-1 system, but be aware that emergency response times for law enforcement, fire suppression, medical care, etc., may be a distance away. If you live in an outlying area, you may check with the EMS for information on who the emergency first responder is in that area.

■■ Baker County Dispatch, 541-5236415 UTILITY SERVICES

Water, sewer, electrical, telephone,

Internet, television, trash pickup and other services may not be available in all areas of Baker County.

■■Your property SUITABILITY

Not all parcels are suitable for building or development. County and state land use laws, zoning classifications, etc., will be factors in how land can be used or subdivided.

Permits and Approvals

Construction of structures requires permits and most require inspections. The Baker County Planning Department can tell you if you need permits.

■■ Office: Courthouse, 1995 Fourth St. 541-523-8219, 58


The Baker City Building Department handles permits and inspections throughout the county. ■■ Office: City Hall, 1655 First St. 541-5242054; depts_building.htm EASEMENTS

Check for easements that may require you to allow road, power line, waterline, etc., construction across your land. If there is a ditch on your property, the ditch company may have an ease- ment to clean/maintain the ditch each year. ■■ Baker County Planning, 541-5238219 See Page 60

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Baker County Living

Code of the West

Good to know Water rights, timber rights, range laws — these aren't so complicated if you know the right office to call.

Continued from Page 54 Fences

Only a professional survey can confirm the actual location of property boundaries.


These organizations often have covenants that include specific requirements. It is important to obtain a copy of the covenants to become aware of any restrictions.


Not all land has water rights. Even though your property has a stream or ditch running through it, the right to use the water may belong to someone else.

■■ Baker County Watermaster, 541523-8224 TIMBER RIGHTS

You will want to ensure who holds the right to timber located on your property. Like water rights, someone else may own the right to the trees on your land.

■■ Oregon Department of Forestry (ODF) 541-523-5831

Kathy Orr / Baker City Herald

Agriculture is the staple for Baker County. Most land is used for growing crops and raising livestock. WETLANDS, CREEKS, STREAMS, RIPARIAN AREAS

The Land Use Plan, the Oregon Forest Practices Act, the Oregon Agricultural Water Quality Management Act and the Oregon Confined Animal Feeding Operation Rules require prevention of environmental damage and impaired water quality to such areas. Check with ODF for these requirements (see number above).


Agriculture is a big business in Baker County — most of the rural land is used for growing crops and feeding livestock.



Farmers and loggers, during certain times of the year, often work from before dawn to after dark.


Farm animals and their manure can cause odors and attract flies. Consider this when you evaluate a property.


Most areas are zoned “open range.” If you do not want cattle, sheep and other livestock on your property, you will need to fence them out. See Page 62

Andrew G. Martin 2021 Court Avenue Baker City, OR 541-523-5050

Primary Office 89 SW 3rd Ave, Ontario, OR 541-889-5368


Baker County Living

Code of the West

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Continued from Page 60 NOXIOUS WEEDS

Baker County has a noxious weed ordinance. All property owners are required to control and, if possible, eradicate noxious weeds.

■■ Baker County Weed Dept., 541523-0618 PETS

Pets, especially dogs, must be kept under control at all times.


A moist, green open space surrounding your dwellings can provide a defensible perimeter in the event of a wildfire. Consult the Oregon Department of Forestry’s website,,

for information on how to make your property defensible. STEEP AND NORTH-FACING SLOPES

Steep slopes can slide in unusually wet weather. They are also likely sites for damaging snow slides in the winter. North-facing slopes rarely see direct sunlight during the winter months, which means there is a possibility that snow and ice will not melt for the entire winter.


During the winter, Baker County can experience a sudden, warm wind with rain. This “chinook” can cause excessive run-off and flooding.



Many areas in Baker County are open to hunting and fishing, which means your rural property may border public lands and be impacted by shooting, etc.


Living near wildlife makes for good animal-watching and photographic opportunities, it may present some challenges:

■■ Protecting children and pets from cougars, coyotes and deer ■■ Protecting vegetable and flower gardens from deer ■■ Protecting fruit trees from deer ■■ Dealing with skunks, porcupines, rats and snakes ■■ Driving on highways where deer or elk can suddenly appear

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Baker County Living

Public Lands

Elkhorn Mountains west of Baker City

Photo by Lisa Britton

A million acres, all for you and me By Jayson Jacoby Baker City Herald

You own a million acres in Baker County. Really, you do. When you pitch a tent here, odds are you own the very patch of ground into which you just pounded the stakes (and perhaps a misplaced thumb). The mountain trail where you like to hike and where you saw your first mountain goat? Probably you own it, too (the trail, not the goat). And that alpine lake from which you reeled in a limit of brook trout? It’s yours, most likely.

There’s 2 million acres in Baker County, and about half of them belong to you. That’s like owning Delaware and Rhode Island, but with a lot of mountains and no ocean. Here’s the catch: You have to share those acres with 275 million other Americans, though rarely all of them at once. That’s the trade-off of public land. It’s yours — but it’s everyone else’s, too. You can visit whenever you want to but you can never stay. See Page 66


Public land Baker County has about one million acres of public land — that means you own it, but it also means everyone else does, too. But never fear — you'll never see a million other people in our wild places ... maybe one or two hikers high up in the Elkhorn Mountains, or a pack string in the Wallowa Mountains.

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Baker County Living

Public Lands

Our land Two national forests — the Wallowa-Whitman and the Malheur — cover 650,000 acres in Baker County.

Continued from Page 64


ou can’t swap, say, the Elkhorn Mountains for one of Donald Trump’s skyscrapers. And no matter how cute you think those pastel lawn gnomes are, you’ll have to save them to decorate a piece of property that only you have the deed for. Baker County boasts enough public land, though, and it has a sufficiently puny population density of one fulltime resident for every 120 acres, that you can pretty easily find a place and at least pretend it’s yours alone for a night or two. Spread out a county map on your coffee table and see for yourself. Let’s say the clever cartographers used green ink to denote public land and white for private. Much of the west half of Baker County looks like a green sheet that someone leaned over while holding a leaking bottle of Elmer’s glue at arm’s length. There are white splotches here and there, but you have to squint to make out some of them. Most of that green-tinted land is national forest — primarily the Wallowa-Whitman, but with a dab of the Malheur wedged into the county’s southwest corner. Combined, the two national forests cover about 650,000 acres in Baker

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

An arm of Phillips Reservoir combines with shoreline trees to help create one of Baker County's commonly warm and glowing sunsets.

County — almost one-third of the land. The green-with-white-pimples pattern prevails in much of the northern third of the county, too, where the sedimentary slopes of the Wallowa Mountains slop over from neighboring Wallowa and Union counties. Public land isn’t quite so plentiful in the eastern and southern sections of Baker County. There’s not much for trees there, either, and so the Bureau of Land 66

Management, which if it had a football team would have the sagebrush as its mascot, is in charge of these publicly owned acres rather than the Forest Service, which prefers land with vegetation tall enough to hide elk herds. Nationwide, BLM actually ranks as the supreme public landlord, managing 261 million acres in America to the Forest Service’s 191 million. See Page 68


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Baker County Living

Public Lands

"When the homesteaders came in they always took the best ground, the ground that was irrigated or could be irrigated. That's the way it is across the West." ­— Jay Carr, retired extension agent for the Oregon State University Extension Service

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Rabbitbrush hills to the east of Baker City slope toward Baker Valley where farmers and cattlemen carved their futures. Continued from Page 66


ut the agencies’ positions are reversed in Baker County, where the BLM oversees 369,000 acres — about 40 percent less land than the Forest Service handles. (If you want to see a place where BLM reigns, go to Nevada. The agency manages most of the state, except casinos and the places where the Air Force stores UFOs and alien cadavers.) Between the wide swaths of green on the Baker County map you’ll notice a few expanses of white. These chunks of private land spread across Baker County’s handful of broad valleys — Baker, Pine, Eagle,

Burnt River, Sumpter. This is not a coincidence. Only in the valleys is the ground flat and the soils deep and rich, so a farmer can grow hay and potatoes and wheat and other stuff that’s good to eat or to sell. And most any property that will produce a crop every year is valuable enough that someone will claim it as his own rather than leave it in the hands of the public, who tend to get their fingers all tangled anyway trying to decide whether the land should turn a profit for a company or present a scenic view for a photographer. People prefer to live in valleys, too, so that’s where we put most of our towns. The weather’s warmer, for one 68

thing, and it doesn’t snow as much as in the mountains (Pine and Sumpter valleys join forces to form the frigid exception to that meteorological rule). “When the homesteaders came in they always took the best ground, the ground that was irrigated or could be irrigated,” said Jay Carr, a retired extension agent for the Oregon State University Extension Service in Baker County. “That’s the way it is across the West.” But unlike some parts of the West — Lake Tahoe, for example, or Sun Valley — a fair amount of Baker County’s land has remained in public rather than private hands. See Page 70

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2540 Cedar St., Baker City • 523-6923 When you need repairs on your vehicle, you can have confidence Paul's Transmission will do it right. But you'll get more than just competent repairs. Paul's Transmission & Repair is the first in Baker City to be awarded certification as a AAA Approved Auto Repair Facility. That means Paul's customer satisfaction rating was 98 percent, which is earned by employing ASE certified technicians, providing customers with written cost estimates upon request, and guaranteeing repair work. So there's no doubt Paul's Transmission and its technicians meet or exceed strict standards, giving vehicle owners peace of mind that repair work will be of the highest quality. See Paul for all your transmission, drive train & general repair needs. The repair facility has been serving you for more than 30 years.

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541-523-4680 69

Baker County Living

Public Lands

Lisa Britton

Crawfish Meadow in the Elkhorn Mountains

Continued from Page 68


nd although public lands don’t generate property taxes, as farms and ranches and gnome-infested front yards do, they’re nonetheless vital to the county’s economy as well as its quality of life, Carr said. Consider beef cattle. Raising and selling them injects more than $50 million into county coffers each year, making cattle the biggest part (around 70 percent) of the biggest sector of Baker County’s economy: agriculture. There’s more than 100,000 head of cattle in the county, and not many of them spend every day plodding around a private pasture. “A large proportion of the cattle spend at least a portion of their lives on public

grazing land, either BLM or Forest Service,” Carr said. “We’re very dependent on that land.” The public rangelands serve a couple of purposes, he said. First, those lands produce the grass that produces the pounds of meat that produce the dollars that plump ranchers’ wallets. And second, the public pastures are akin to a summer camp for cattle. With the animals out of their hair for a few months, ranchers can grow and cut and bale the hay that cattle consume during the lean days of winter. Imagine trying to pilot a swather through a field thick with Herefords — it’d be as easy to drive a Jet Ski across a swamp rife with hippos. Public lands generate far more than profits, though. Many Baker County residents spend 70

a fair share of their leisure hours on public property. After all, that’s where most of the fish swim and the elk roam and the roads and trails meander. And we appreciate, even if we don’t often think of it, that it’s because we all own these places that they retain most or all of the charms that lure us back year after year. It’s why when we look across Anthony Lake today we see what people saw five decades ago: white granite and dark green subalpine firs and wildflowers that span the palette and spill off the sides. And it’s why we don’t see a putting green and a sign that says “members only” and a gate manned by a guy who looks as if he could make Arnold Schwarzenegger cry “uncle” in five seconds flat.

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We have been in our Baker City store, located at the Maxi Mart Center, since June 1, 2008. We also operate Millers Home Center in La Grande, Millers Truss in La Grande, and Baker Valley Auto Parts in Baker City. We offer fast, friendly service and a smile to all our customers. Our 2000 square foot showroom is stocked with many hands on displays, including over 100 interior and exterior doors. We have a specially trained sales staff to assist you with windows, doors, custom cabinets, counter tops and Eldorado Stone. Our sales department will help you with all your new construction and remodeling needs. We are constantly adding new items to serve you better. Our latest addition is a large computerized closet organization display. We have expanded all areas of our store, including large selections of lighting, faucets, vanities, and all hardware items. We offer prompt, courtesy delivery. We have crane service to lift trusses, and three drywall and roofing delivery truck cranes that can lift as high as 60 feet. We have a complete truss department that can design and build modern complex roof trusses. So come see us at Miller’s for all of your building and remodeling needs!

Repairs Boots, Shoes & Tack with Quality Care 1603 10th Street • 541-523-4837 Gary & Cindy Johansen Monday - Friday 10-4 71

Baker County Living Outdoor Recreation

Get outside

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Northwest of Haines is Pilcher Creek Reservoir, which offers camping, fishing, hiking and relaxation. HIKING

Baker Valley lies between two major mountain ranges — the Elkhorns close by to the west, the Wallowas a bit farther away to the northeast. Both have a network of Forest Service trails open to hikers and horseback riders.

■■ Wallowa-Whitman National Forest: 1550 Dewey Ave. and 3285 11th St., Baker City ■■ 541-523-6391 ■■ WATER SPORTS

Baker County has quite a few waterways, with the most popular for

Anthony Lakes 541-856-3277

Forest Service 541-523-6391

county's eastern edge. SKIING

When winter coats the high country with a blanket of snow, it’s time to pull those skis, snowboards and snowshoes out of storage. Baker County’s main winter attraction is Anthony Lakes Mountain Resort, located about 20 miles west of Haines.

■■, 541-8563277

boaters being Phillips Reservoir, 20 miles south of Baker City on Highway 7 toward Sumpter, and Brownlee Reservoir on the Snake River on the 72


Clubs in the Sumpter, Halfway and Burnt River areas maintain miles and miles of trails all winter.

New Hope for Eastern Oregon Animals

An Invitation to Join If you are a woman who wishes to provide volunteer service in an atmosphere of support, friendship and fun, then joining Soroptimist International may be right for you.

Our mission: Improving the life for animals For more info, to donate through kindness, or to volunteer: understanding and respect. Powder Pals Program Dog Training at Powder River Correctional Facility

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For local information, see Soroptimist International of Baker County activities on Facebook. •


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Buy • Sell • Trade 73

Baker County Living Outdoor Recreation

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Fishermen are attracted to the rainbow trout in the Powder River, which flows from Mason Dam at Phillips Reservoir, southwest of Baker City.


Baker County has populations of pretty much every big game animal and upland bird that can legally be hunted. Deer (both mule and whitetail) and Rocky Mountain elk lure the largest number of hunters, but the county also has herds of pronghorn antelope, bighorn sheep and mountain goats. Baker is unique among Oregonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 36 counties in having two species of bighorn sheep (Rocky Mountain and California) and mountain goats.


Baker County has a wide variety of fisheries, including tiny and frigid alpine lakes, warmwater reservoirs that stretch for dozens of miles, and many rivers and streams that are stocked regularly with trout. Most water bodies are open year-round. Bag limits vary, but in general there are no limits on the number of warmwater species, including catfish and crappie, that anglers can keep.


Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2995 Hughes Lane, Baker City 541-523-5832

Oregon State Parks

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Baker County Living

Scenic Drive

S. John Collins / Baker City Herald

Nestled high in the Elkhorn Mountains, Anthony Lake flaunts its alpine beauty.

Take a drive: Elkhorn Scenic Byway


he Elkhorn Scenic Byway is 106 miles long, and chances are you won't see very many other cars on this route that takes you all the way around the Elkhorn Mountains. Highlights along the way include Phillips Reservoir, the Sumpter Valley Railroad, the Sumpter Dredge State Heritage Area, North Fork John Day state park, and the Anthony Lakes area. Snow closes a segment between Granite and Anthony Lakes from late fall to early summer (sometimes as

late as July 4).


The route

From Baker City, take Highway 30 north to Haines (10 miles) where you turn left on to Anthony Lakes Highway. At Elkhorn Summit, the byway winds down to the North Fork John Day River and a junction with the Blue Mountain Scenic Byway. Turn left toward Granite, then Sumpter. Three miles past Sumpter, turn left onto Highway 7 and head back to Baker City. 76

106 miles

Time 5 to 6 hours, depending on how many stops you make along the way to explore

Attractions Phillips Reservoir, Sumpter Valley Railroad, Sumpter Dredge State Heritage Area, Anthony Lakes

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Clear Windows are a reflection of your business and home. Serving Baker & Surrounding Counties since 1990 77

Baker County Living

Scenic Drive

Photo courtesy Base Camp Baker

Halfway in the fall, with the snowcapped Wallowa Mountains.

Take a drive: Hells Canyon Scenic Byway


he Hells Canyon Scenic Byway is a loop that encircles the Wallowa Mountains, intersecting with Interstate 84 at La Grande and Baker City. Small towns along the drive offer visitor services, but plan ahead because you'll find stretches of more than 80 miles without gas. The entire route is on a paved highway, but is fully open only from late spring to fall because a segment between Joseph and

Halfway closes with snow in winter. The Byway goes through 11 communities, offering visitors a taste of life in rural Northeastern Oregon. Each town has signature events â&#x20AC;&#x201D; rodeos, parades, celebrations, concerts, plays, sports events and car shows throughout the year. For calendars, go online to and www. 78

The route The 218-mile trip can be done clockwise (Baker City-La Grande-Joesph-Halfway-Richland-Baker City) or counterclockwise (Baker City-Richland-Halfway-Joseph-La Grande-Baker City)

Closure In the winter, a segment between Halfway and Joseph is closed due to snow.


Join the fun in Haines, Or!


annual events

Compassionate and Caring 24 hours a day!

May - Annual City Wide Yard Sale July 4 - Cowboy Pancake Breakfast Fire works, Rodeo, Parade October - *Fall Festival December - *1st Weekend Christmas Bazaar *Booth space available 541-856-3435

Whether it be a picture, a fishing pole, a favorite hat, items reflect the life we've lost. We treasure memories that will never be forgotten, but will forever hold a special place in our hearts.

Elkhorn Grange 925 3rd Street, Haines, OR Rentals: Event Center, Tables, Chairs Call 541-519-8887 541-742-6435 • Fax 541-742-4341 PO Box 543 • 125 North Main Street Halfway, OR 97834

• Cheapest PC Repair in Eastern Oregon • Fast turn around time • Most repairs same day service • New & Used PCs & Laptops • Lots of accessories • We do house calls for PC tune-ups 2101 Main Street, Suite 106 Baker City • 541-523-6215


Baker County Living

Events Baker City Cycling Classic


icyclists come from all over to ride Baker County's scenic backroads for the annual Baker City Cycling Classic. This three-day, four-stage race features some of the prettiest and challenge roads around here, plus a fast-paced Criterium race in downtown Baker City. ■■ June 27-29, 2014 ■■

City Herald S. John Collins / Baker

Hells Canyon Motorcycle Rally


wo brothers from the Portland area discovered the motorcyclefriendly roads in Eastern Oregon, and decided to bring others. Now thousands show up for this weekend event to ride different routes every day, plus show off their shiny bikes in downtown Baker City. ■■ July 10-14, 2014 ■■

Kathy Orr / Baker City Herald


Cliff’s Saws & Cycles, Inc. • Honda ATVs • Honda Bikes • SkiDoo Snowmobiles • Stihl Products • Traxter ATVs • Bombardier Recreational Equipment

Pine Valley Lodge in Halfway, Oregon, offers a comfortable home base for your adventure vacation in the Hells Canyon and Eagle Cap Wilderness areas.

“Oregon’s Wilder Side” Our rustic western inn has all the modern amenities with old west flair. It’s a great escape to rest, relax and rejuvenate.

Since 1958

163 Main • Halfway, OR 541-742-2027

2619 10th Street, Baker City 541-523-2412

Professional Residential Appliance Repair Serving Baker County & Eastern Oregon


1812 Main Street, Baker City • 523-2133


Serving precious metals and coin collector clients in Baker City for 30 years. We buy all forms of gold and silver, including scrap. We have a large inventory of collector coins. From cents to $20 gold pieces. We offer free appraisal of your collection 1-800-556-2133

Owner Mike Hindman Licensed, Bonded & Insured ccb#199265


Baker County Living

Events Miners Jubilee This is Baker City's signature summertime event, and school and family reunions are often planned for this weekend. Jubilee weekend features a parade, art in the park, mining demonstrations and bronc and bull riding events. Miners Jubilee is held on the third weekend in July. ■■ Information:

ld Kathy Orr / Baker City Hera

Great Salt Lick Contest

This is truly an original event that uses unique art — salt licks sculpted by livestock and wildlife — to raise money for Parkinson's disease research. Founded by local Whit Deschner, the Great Salt Lick Contest and Auction is held in September and has raised more about $50,000 in seven years.

■■ Information:

Kathy Orr / Baker City Herald



BAKER CITY SEWER & DRAINS Dependable, Affordable, Experienced

Residential & Commercial Drain Cleaning

3705 Midway Drive Baker City • 523-2020 Mon, Tues, Wed & Fri 8:30AM-5:00PM, Thurs 9:00AM-5:00PM Closed for lunch 12:30 - 1:30PM

Toilets, Sinks, Tubs, Main Lines, Gutters, Storm Drains

Monday - Friday 7 AM - 6 PM Holidays, Weekends & After Hours Service Available

Come and see us for all of your vision needs.


Owner, Lance Cline

• A great selection of frames to choose to get the look you want. • We carry both regular and prescription sunglasses. • In house repairs and special packages starting at $9900.

We sell . . . . . . .

. . . . . . trailers

We stock new & used, consignments & trade. Equipment Welcome. Be sure to watch for our Spring & Fall Consignment Auction!


3550 Best Frontage Rd Office: 541-523-6122 • Fax: 541-523-5952 Mike’s Cell: 541-519-6125 83

Baker County Living

Events Taste of Baker Every October, restaurants in downtown Baker City create a special menu for the Taste of Baker event. The community bundles up for a fall evening and explores the tasty offerings, such as specialty chocolates from Peterson's Gallery, in the photo at left.

Photo by Lisa Britton

Twilight Parade December kicks off in style with the annual Twilight Parade on Main Street. The weather is never the same â&#x20AC;&#x201D; some years are warm (for December, anyway) and sometimes the temperature hovers closer to zero for this nighttime tradition, which also features the lighting of the Community Christmas Tree.

S. John Collins / Baker


City Heral d

Like a Good Neighbor, State Farm is there! And so is Gregg Hinrichsen. As your Good Neighbor agent, Gregg can help you meet your insurance needs. At State Farm, you get a competitive rate and an agent who is dedicated to helping you get the coverage thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s right for you and the discounts you deserve. With 24 hour Good Neighbor service, getting in touch with Gregg & his team is easy! Walk in, call in, mail in, click in! Gregg has been a State Farm agent for 26 years. "Nobody takes care of you like State Farm along with Gregg, Jo, Melissa & Meagan."

State Farm Insurance 1722 Campbell â&#x20AC;˘ 523-7778

57241 1/4 TacoTime 502s

Let TacoTime be your Hunger Handler. Great Mexican Dinners, Lunch Specials and Desserts. 915 Campbell 85

Baker City

Baker County Living


Like what you see around here enough to call it home? BAKER CITY

■■ Baker City Realty Inc.: 1705 Main St., 541-523-5871

■■ Uriarte Realty: 3005 N. Third St, 541-523-5665

■■ John J. Howard & Associates Real Estate: 2195 Main St., 541523-7390

■■ Sunfire Real Estate Group LLC: 1290 Campbell St., 541-523-7727

■■ Howard Britton Realty Inc.: 3480 Place St., 541-523-2800


■■ Intermountain Realty: 1425 Campbell St., 541-523-4434 ■■ Nelson Real Estate Inc.: 845 Campbell St., 541-523-6485

■■ Rustic Real Estate: 110 Mill St. 541-894-0116 ■■ Baker City Realty - Sumpter branch: 363 Mill St., 541-894-2488


■■ John J. Howard & Associates: Main Street, 541-893-3112 HALFWAY

■■ Halfway Realty and Hells Canyon Realty: 541-742-2233 RENTALS

■■ Nelson Real Estate Inc. ■■ Sunfire Real Estate Group LLC

Chamber of Commerce is a good resource


f you want the scoop on a town, the local Chamber of Commerce is a good place to start. Not only can you find brochures and information about local attractions and events, but often you'll find people who know the town and enjoy talking about the place they call home. Also, a calendar of events can be found on the chamber websites if you want to plan a trip around events.

Baker County Chamber of Commerce and Visitors Bureau 490 Campbell St., Baker City 541-523-5855 888-523-5855


Hells Canyon Chamber of Commerce 114 E Record St., Halfway 541-742-4222

Baker County Custom Meats • Custom Cutting • Mobile Slaughter • Game Processing • Wrapping • Curing • Sausage • Jerky 2390 11th Street • Baker City Owners Del & Jana Woodcock



When it comes to your hydraulic needs...

• Indoor Pool • Air Conditioned

Stop in or call about getting those pumps, motors and cylinders repaired and don’t forget those leaky hoses!

• Non Smoking Rooms • 24-hour Desk Service • Direct Dial Phones • Color Cable TV

With good old fashioned, friendly service, let Olsons be your first choice for your hydraulic needs.

• Free Continental Breakfast • Free Wi-Fi Connection

41438 Highway 30 • Baker City Obtaining prompt, efficient service is your business. A satisfied customer is my business.

Reservations: (800) 537-5756 695 Campbell, Baker City (541) 523-6494

541-523-9537 87


Baker County Living