North American Clean Energy March/April 2023 Issue

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Ian Stuart


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Meg Lugaric


Chris Van Boeyen


Quinn Stuart

Don McIntosh Keaton Spence

Ben Mitchell



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On our cover… Invinity VS3 vanadium flow batteries are shown at Energy Superhub Oxford in Cowley, UK. This 2MW / 5MWh array was energized in 2021 and uses the high-throughput capabilities of the battery to perform deep charge/discharge cycles multiple times each day in the provision of multiple grid services. Invinity Energy Systems /// 64
NABCEP 2023 Continuing Education Conference Resource Monitoring The simple solution to solar asset underperformance 18 Solar spotlight: Racking & Mounting 40 2023 Energy Storage Buyers Guide Blattner Company 103 8 Top story 10 Solar energy 30 Solar spotlight: Racking & Mounting 42 Solar product spotlight: Wire Management 46 Solar spotlight: Tracking Systems 50 Solar spotlight: Solar Structures & Carports 56 Solar product spotlight: Ground Screws 58 Solar spotlight: Metal Fabrication for Solar Structures 60 Solar spotlight: Pile Driving 61 Show-in-print: RE+ Texas 63 Show-in-print: NABCEP 2023 Continuing Education Conference 66 Show-in-print: IEEE PES Grid Edge Technologies Conference & Exposition 68 Wind power 79 Wind product spotlight: Tensioners & Torque Systems 82 Wind product spotlight: Bolts & Fasteners 85 2023 Energy Storage Buyers Guide 112 Energy efficiency 114 Events calendar & advertisers list CONTENTS The Intelligence of Using AI Pg. GIS Can Aid in the Fight Against Climate Change Pg. Pay Less for Your Solar System Pg. Plus Show-in-Print Features: RE+ Texas Pg. 61 NABCEP 2023 Continuing Education Conference IEEE PES Grid Edge Technologies Conference & Exposition Pg. Pg. 20 Pg. 17 2023 Pg. 85 BUYERS GUIDE ENERGY STORAGE New York's Race for Offshore Wind Pg. Robots Tackle Blade Repair Pg. 8 The Intelligence of Using AI 10 SolapAPP+, the New Normal 12 5 Keys to Equipping Your Solar Solar Installation Team 14 GIS Can Aid in the Fight Against Climate Change 16 Keeping Grass Mowed Makes Dollars & Sense 18 Resource Monitoring The simple solution to solar asset underperformance 20 Keep Solar Up and Running 22 Powering Your Job Site 24 Pay Less for Your Solar System 30 Solar spotlight: Racking & Mounting 42 Solar product spotlight: Wire Management 46 Solar spotlight: Tracking Systems 50 Solar spotlight: Solar Structures & Carports 56 Solar product spotlight: Ground Screws 58 Solar spotlight: Metal Fabrication for Solar Structures 60 Solar spotlight: Pile Driving 61 Show-in-print: RE+ Texas 63 Show-in-print: NABCEP 2023 Continuing Education Conference 66 Show-in-print: IEEE PES Grid Edge Technologies Conference & Exposition 68 Cabling Floating Wind 70 New York’s Race for Offshore Wind 72 Surge Testing Minimize downtime and control operating expenses 74 Robots Tackle Blade Repair 76 Latest Advancements in Harmonic Mitigation A critical element to wind farm profitability 79 Wind product spotlight: Tensioners & Torque Systems 82 Wind product spotlight: Bolts & Fasteners 85 2023 Energy Storage Buyers Guide 112 The Future of OSVs Preparing for carbon neutrality DEPARTMENTS
4 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// North American Clean Energy (USPS 1370) is publishing bi-monthly and distributed
2023 MARCH•APRIL VOLUME 17 | ISSUE 2 /north-american-clean-energy
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Not everyone loves a yellow school bus. Most of the kids I knew growing up envied their friends that enjoyed the privilege of a direct route to school. And, although some parents sell their children on the experience of riding a school bus as a milestone of becoming a big kid, adults with the misfortune of driving behind a school bus during morning pickups or afternoon drop-offs see it a bit differently. At least the buses themselves seem to have gotten cleaner insofar as spewing fewer obnoxious fumes in their wake. Last year, the Environmental Protection Agency went a step further to clean up those emissions by awarding $17 million to fund electric and low-emission school buses. This is in addition to $5 billion already earmarked for cleaner school buses.1 Location is a major variable when it comes to figuring out the needs of the local population. Trying to navigate New York City streets in an EV seems like a smart choice, given the readily available access to charging stations and shorter travel routes. If you need to haul stuff around country roads, however, a gas-powered pickup is often a better bet. I recently had the pleasure of sitting down with someone who is responsible for maintaining all of the school buses for a rural county in Georgia. Not only do he and his staff handle all of the mechanical issues of these vehicles, but also the body work — the garage was filled with parts of the school bus outer shell in various stages of priming and painting. Curious to hear another perspective on the yellow school bus (apart from the poetic waxing by our Vice President), I asked his opinion of going electric. His basic answer: Disneyland, malls, crowded areas = good idea. Rural school districts = no way. At least, not yet. His major concerns are due to safety and convenience. Basically, he’s troubled that kids riding an electric school bus sit directly above a massive lithium battery, with nothing more than “¾-inch plywood and a rubber mat protecting them”. CNBC cited Project Director of EV FireSafe in Melbourne, Australia, Emma Sutcliffe,2 who claims that, though rare, “when fires do occur, electric vehicles with lithium-ion batteries burn hotter, faster and require far more water to reach final extinguishment… And the batteries can re-ignite hours or even days after the fire is initially controlled, leaving salvage yards, repair shops and others at risk.” Earlier this year, the Sacramento Fire Department needed 6,000 gallons of water to put out a Tesla Model S fire.3 “The responders had to lift the EV up to get as much water as possible to douse the battery since it continued to reignite as the work progressed.”

Bumper to bumper, a Tesla Model S is about 15 feet. Compare that to a typical, medium-sized school bus, which can be 25 to 35 feet. Add 50 kids, and you’re looking at a considerably much larger risk.

To date, the largest available battery capacity for an electric bus is 226 kWh, which allows for a range of 138 miles. No disrespect to the manufacturer, but decades of personal experience as a consumer has taught me to take whatever number the manufacturer gives me (likely acheived under ideal conditions), and dial it back. But let’s assume that this best-case EV bus can run the full 138 miles on a single charge.4 That would also have


Renew your personal energy

Buddha Board is inspired by the Zen idea of living in the moment. Buddha Board is a mindfulness tool provides the chance to explore the calming act of painting without the set up or mess. Users simply ‘paint’ on the surface with water and their creation will come to life in bold design. Then, as the water slowly evaporates, the art will magically disappear leaving the artist with a clean slate and a clear mind, ready to create a whole new masterpiece. Buddha Board is environmentally friendly as it only uses water, no ink, no paint, no chemicals, and it will last for years with proper care.

Buddha Board ///

to include the weight of those 50 kids and their backpacks, with the air conditioning running, and all the lights on. Given that a single morning route for a rural school bus can easily cover 150 miles, the capabilities of the “best” EV bus is nowhere near meeting that need. Pulling over the bus to recharge seems a little silly, because the kids would have to wait quite a while. It’s also a safety issue; any vehicle stopped on the side of the road poses a safety risk to its occupants and other motorists.

Even if the county were to install these charging stations, the required 3-phase system would cost millions of dollars, and have to be connected to the existing grid. According to Karl Simon, director of the Transportation and Climate Division at the Environmental Protection Agency,5 “For each electric bus, the agency is awarding the opportunity of them spending up to $20,000 on electric vehicle infrastructure. So, we really want it to be a local conversation between the school district, the bus provider and their local utility.” Additionally, the administration will not guarantee that those funds will be used for charging stations. Instead, it will “let local communities decide how those funds are best spent.”

Training is another major hurdle. The vocational industry is suffering from a dearth of well-trained mechanics, as well as a notable lack of competitive drive (and zero enthusiasm for taking pride in your work, which I personally see as a side effect of childhoods spent reveling in participation trophies). If you don’t care about your job, it’s a safe bet you’re not all that concerned about safety. Training people to maintain one EV school bus (much less a fleet), means teaching them that a simple short out can be fatal.

Most people don’t want to be told where to live, what to eat, or what to drive. That individual choice is best left to the individual making the decision. Deciding how your tax money is spent on the local level is no different. Rural school districts know what works best for them. Until the industry is able to produce a comprehensive solution that addresses those needs, let the local experts do their jobs as they see fit.

“leave them kids alone.”


2 3 4


All-electric raceboat championship

Tennis legend Rafael Nadal will become a new team owner in the UIM E1 World Championship, the world’s first all-electric raceboat championship. Nadal will also be supporting E1’s Blue Action Programme, which has been designed to create a positive impact on local communities through projects aimed at restoring marine ecosystems along city waterfronts. The Blue Action Programme will be led by Professor Carlos Duarte, a fellow Mallorquin islander to Nadal and Chief Scientist at E1. The partnership with Nadal and E1 is expected to extend beyond racing to include the launch of an international thought leadership event, focused on the theme of sport and sustainability. The event will bring the world’s leading sustainability experts together at the Rafa Nadal Academy in Mallorca, to examine the next level of thinking on sustainability and highlight the positive role that sport can play in advancing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

E1 Series ///

Meg 6 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///


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The Intelligence of Using AI

The Intelligence of Using AI

Throughout history, we have seen how technological innovations have transformed society and the global economy. The invention of the steam engine in the late 18th century marked the beginning of the industrial revolution, which led to widespread changes in manufacturing, transportation, and communication. The creation of the internet in the late 20th century brought about the digital revolution, which has transformed how we interact, work, and do business. With the advent of OpenAI and other open-source software, we are on the cusp of yet another major technological shift.

One thing is sure: the digital revolution by OpenAI and other open-source software is an unstoppable force already transforming society and the global economy. What does this mean for sales professionals, solopreneurs, and those in upper management representing the company brand?

As a creative media agency owner with nearly fifteen years in the renewable energy industry (in many different roles) I have seen firsthand the aversion companies have to change in sales and marketing strategies. Despite the clear benefits of leveraging personal brands, social media, and other digital platforms for marketing and sales, there is resistance to rethinking their traditional methods. Open-source software like OpenAI may accelerate the need to accept change, as it allows individuals without traditional marketing degrees or certifications to build and maintain successful businesses in the technology, media, and creative industries.

The pandemic of 2019 — and the resulting shift to remote work — have already highlighted the importance of personal branding, and the role of social media in marketing and sales. It is essential that companies recognize the importance of treating social media strategies as more than just a simple companion to traditional outbound marketing methods, and instead integrate them into their overall marketing and sales strategies. The power of personal branding, and the ability to leverage technology to build and maintain strong relationships, will only grow in the coming years.

At the same time, however, OpenAI and other open-source software have the potential to create new opportunities and industries we cannot even imagine today. The digital revolution has already given rise to new businesses and professions; more will likely emerge as technology advances.

As we consider the potential consequences of the digital revolution, it is also important to remember that technology is not neutral. It is shaped by the values and priorities of those who create it, and can be used for good or ill. We must consider the ethical implications of these technologies to ensure that they are used in a responsible and accountable manner.

This is not a new concern. Science fiction has long explored the potential dangers of artificial intelligence, from the "Terminator" movies of the 1990s, to the more recent series "Black Mirror." These stories serve as cautionary tales, reminding us that the path we choose with technology will have far-reaching consequences.

As we advance down the digital revolution path, remember to ask hard questions about what kind of future we want to create. Will we use these technologies to build a more prosperous and equitable world, or will we allow them to drive a wedge between the haves and the have-nots? The choice is ours.

Rigo Murillo is the host of the Contagious Leadership Podcast, and CEO & Founder of Contagious Media, founded in February 2018. He has been working in the Renewable Energy sector since 2008 in various roles from Operations, Sales & Marketing, to Business Development.

Contagious Media empowers small business owners to monetize their personal reputation and expand their reach through custom, cost-effective social selling strategies. Our mission is to inspire and support the next generation of entrepreneurs by fostering a culture of innovation and growth. With our tailored inbound lead-generating programs, we drive attention to your products or services and help your business increase revenue.

Contagious Media (f.k.a. MW Partners, LLC)

As someone deeply interested in the potential impacts of OpenAI and other open-source software, I constantly ask myself what the future will hold, and keep an open eye for the signs that tell me to embrace change. Will these technologies bring about unprecedented levels of prosperity and progress, or will they lead to negative consequences that we cannot foresee?
2023 MARCH • APRIL /// 8

SolarAPP+, the New Normal

The standardization of the solar industry is crucial to its success. With a push towards cleaner and greener energy sources, ensuring a common data standard for all participants will allow the solar industry to achieve its potential, providing benefits to society as a whole.

One way to help standardize data and enable process automation in the solar industry is through the use of Solar Automated Permit Processing Plus (SolarAPP+). SolarAPP+ is an online permitting platform that helps streamline the permitting process for solar projects. The platform includes a library of standard permit templates that can be used by jurisdictions across the United States.

Improving solar permitting is a collaborative effort. This work is supported by funding from the U.S. Department of Energy; the DOE’s Orange Button Working Group seeks to create a commonly accepted data structure to aid in the development of solar industry applications, in an effort to ease the process of integration through this standardization. NREL is working with a variety of partners to deliver the SolarAPP+ online platform. The platform was created to help address the permitting challenges faced by solar installers and developers, aiming to decrease the amount of time and complexity that inherently exists in the current fractured permitting processes used across thousands of Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs).

To date, SolarAPP+ has been used to streamline the permitting process for thousands of solar installation projects. The platform has also been recognized by the DOE as a Best Practice for Solar Permitting — they are actively promoting and incentivizing adoption through programs such as the SolarAPP+ Prize, which rewards AHJ’s with up to $15,000 to lower the cost of adopting SolarAPP+.

How SolarAPP+ Works

SolarAPP+ provides local governments and AHJs with a standardized permit application portal for receiving and processing information for residential and commercial solar storage systems. The standardizations can be incorporated into the existing processes and procedures currently used by approval authorities. The technology can assist approvers with electronically reviewing the relevant safety and building code compliance requirements. If all checks are in order, authorities can instantly approve applications, lessening the burden of manually reviewing applications. The app also gives applicants access to a streamlined application submission form that includes all of the required information for a permit application. After an application has been submitted, applicants receive notifications on the status of their application via email or text.

Is SolarAPP+ Mandatory?

Solar Access Act SB 379, which passed on August 24, 2022, mandates the use of SolarAPP+, or a similar type of online permitting tool, for California counties with over 150,000 residents. It is hoped that this legislation will pave the way for more states to introduce similar mandates, in an effort to improve the solar application process countrywide. In other states, the use of SolarAPP+ is voluntary, but SEIA and NREL encourage its use. SEIA also offers a free SolarAPP+ Training Academy to help jurisdictions and developers learn how to use the platform.

Standardization is Critical to the Success of Our National Climate Change Action Plan

The United States has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28 percent below 2005 levels by 2025, as part of the Paris Climate Agreement. In order to achieve this goal, it is critical that the solar industry is standardized to remove unnecessary roadblocks and red tape, allowing for greater and faster uptake of clean energy solutions.

Solar energy is a key component of our national climate change action plan. It is a clean, renewable resource that can help us to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and meet our climate change goals. SolarAPP+ is an important tool that can help us to achieve these goals adding a level of sophistication and simplicity that has never been seen before at scale.

Partnering with All Stakeholders

In the future, SolarAPP+ aims to be the gold standard when it comes to solar permit approval processes, and hopes to achieve 100 percent penetration across every state.

What are the benefits of using SolarAPP+?

Time Saving

The SolarAPP+ platform can save developers time by providing access to a library of pre-approved permit templates. This can help to reduce time spent on the permitting process, from months down to days, in some cases.

Decreased Costs

By using SolarAPP+, developers can avoid having to hire third-party consultants and expediters to manage the solar permit application process. This will help to decrease costs associated with the permitting process.

Increased Efficiency

SolarAPP+ can streamline the permitting process by automating many of the tasks that are typically carried out manually, such as collecting signatures, sending notifications, and generating reports.

Improved Accuracy

SolarAPP+ can help improve the accuracy and avoid delays of solar permits by ensuring that all required information is captured and validated before the permit application is submitted.

In order to achieve its goal of 100 percent penetration across the United States, SolarAPP+ is partnering with all industry stakeholders, including:

• Solar Technology Developers and Manufacturers

• Solar Installers and Contractors

• Utility Companies

• Investor-Owned Utilities (IOUs)

• Electric Cooperatives (co-ops)

• Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

The Future is SolarAPP+

The solar industry is booming, and is expected to continue to grow exponentially in the coming years. SolarAPP+ is leading the way in simplifying and streamlining the solar permitting process, making it easier than ever for developers to get their projects off the ground. In the future, SolarAPP+ aims to be the go-to platform for all solar permit applications.

Jaclyn Haynes is Marketing Manager at Blu Banyan, a technology consulting firm that specializes in developing custom software solutions for the solar industry using NetSuite, a cloudbased business management platform. We have a team of experienced developers and solar industry experts who are passionate about building innovative applications that make a difference to our world.

Blu Banyan ///

10 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

5 Keys to Equipping Your Solar Installation Team

One of the fastest-growing industries in the world, the U.S. solar market is predicted to triple in the next five years – a great industry for technicians, project managers, and other professionals to enter and excel.

But to thrive in this booming field, solar teams need the right tools for success. As both new and veteran electricians enter the solar workforce, consideration of certain qualities when equipping yourself and your team can have a huge impact on your success. These five qualities are accuracy, durability, safety, user-friendliness, and multifunctionality.

When selecting the best tools to equip your rapidly growing solar installation team, ask yourself the following:

1. Will these tools test and measure PV systems accurately the first time, every time?

PV projects depend on reliable testing and measurements. Inaccurate testing results lead to mistakes in proposals, quotes, and — ultimately — to inefficiencies in the array itself. Even if a mistake is caught in time, workers still have to redo measurements and testing. These errors also lead to project delays and unnecessary company expenses. However, if you’re

confident in the accuracy of your tools, you’re able to complete jobs quickly, allowing you to move on to the next one, netting you more time and income.

When looking for solar tools, note any user review comments about their accuracy in measurement. In terms of where to look, companies with a long reputation of high-quality tools are a good place to start. Although the solar tool market is relatively new, many older companies have crafted accurate tools for several decades and carry that ethos over into their solar tools.

2. Will these tools survive rooftop drops and severe weather?

One common complaint from solar workers is that their tools aren’t durable: they can’t withstand harsh environments, tumbles from heights (such as those that can occur on a rooftop PV project), or even just long-term use without hampered functionality. Last-minute replacement of non-functional tools leads to project delays and additional expenses.

The best tools withstand variable environments and drops from heights while maintaining accurate testing results. A durable tool that has a much longer lifespan than a cheaper one is worth a higher price tag, as it usually outlives a more fragile product. Look for tools that have been drop tested, and specifically designed for the weather and heights that solar technicians frequently find themselves facing.

3. Will these tools keep my team safe on highvoltage projects?

The solar industry’s rapid growth has led to an abundance of enthusiastic new workers, many of whom may not yet have a high level of solar-specific training. These entry-level technicians often end up using tools they’re unfamiliar with, which is particularly dangerous in high-voltage environments like PV projects.

Check that the solar tools you’re considering are extensively field tested to ensure safety, so that your technicians can execute projects with peace of mind. As with all electrical projects, this includes selecting tools with the correct CAT rating and voltage levels for each PV project. Tools that are built to avoid dangerous consequences can be the difference between an “oops”, and a trip to the hospital.

4. Will it be easy for the new solar technicians to learn how to use these tools?

A nice-to-have for all industries, user friendliness becomes a must-have in the solar industry. New technicians’ prevalence in the field requires tools with intuitive designs for swift onboarding that enables an equally efficient solar project.

This is easier said than done. Technicians who have newly joined the workforce, either from another industry or as entry level professionals, often find solar instruments and processes unfamiliar and more complex than they expected. This extra challenge can

lead them to feel frustrated and make mistakes easily – especially because a PV project's environment often means that solar technicians work independently, and can’t always check in with a fellow worker to figure out a tool’s intricacies.

That’s why solar tools benefit from being designed for ease of use. Identify tools created with the solar technician in mind, to avoid having to learn how to use tools for purposes they weren’t specifically designed for. Simple differences like an intuitive interface, onscreen results, wireless connection, and internal memory can make a significant impact.

5. How do I keep my team’s tool belts light for carrying across large solar projects?

One trait that improves onboarding, as well as project accuracy and efficiency, is carrying as few tools as possible! Instead of multiple tools that each do one thing, it’s much easier and more efficient to have one tool that does multiple things: for example, a single combined PV tester, performance analyzer, and I-V curve tracer. In addition, tools literally weigh down solar technicians – this becomes even more of an issue when working at heights. The fewer tools they have to carry in their case or belt, the safer they are.

Multifunctional tools also lead to quicker onboarding, since technicians don’t need as many training sessions. Multifunctionality enables easier and faster documentation, processes, and reporting. A tool that consolidates multiple functions improves accuracy, saves time, and makes the lives of both new and veteran technicians easier.

How to find the best solar tools for your team

Finding the right solar tools is easier when you prioritize reliable accuracy and durability, safety (even in high-voltage areas), user-friendliness for efficient onboarding and use, and multifunctionality to lighten the load (literally). To find these instruments, look for tools where the manufacturers consulted with solar professionals throughout design, testing, and production, to ensure that they can meet the real-world needs of solar installations, inspections, and maintenance. Be sure to consult fellow colleagues about their experiences with these tools – be it online or in person –and consider the trustworthiness of the manufacturers and their users.

Will White is a Solar Application Specialist at Fluke, which makes tools for industrial electronic installation, maintenance and service, and precision measurement and quality control.

Fluke /

12 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///
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GIS Can Aid in the Fight Against Climate Change

The World Economic Forum met earlier this year to discuss climate change, noting that recent annual average temperatures are sitting at 1.2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. This, according to the findings revealed at the Forum, is a key indicator that the situation is worsening. With temperatures rising across the globe, extreme weather events have become more frequent and costly.

To curtail the impacts of rising temperatures, leaders are working to reduce the world’s reliance on fossil fuels, and transition to eco-friendly, clean, renewable energy sources, such as solar power or wind farms.

Renewable Energy Can Mitigate Climate Change

In 2021 President Biden announced his goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 50-52 percent below 2005 levels nationally by 2030. This deadline looms with less than seven years left to go. Thankfully, with the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act, the clean energy sector received an investment of $369 billion to help push efforts forward. With it, some states are already relying more heavily on alternatives like solar or wind farms. In fact, 24 percent of U.S. electricity generated in the first half of 2022 came from renewable sources.

Emissions are currently set to decrease by 0.3 percent, but this pace will need to quicken to meet the nation’s climate goals and outpace existing effects. Climate change has brought about severe weather conditions that can impact the efficiency of solar farms. For instance, the frequency of warm weather and cloud coverage can limit the output of solar panels. What’s more, heat waves can reduce the output of solar panels by 10 to 25 percent. So, it’s critical to the success of renewable energy projects for developers to select the right parcel of land in the right areas.

As the need for renewable energy increases, developers must scale their teams to keep up with demands and complete projects accurately and on time. But development teams don’t have to do it alone. Tools like geographic information systems (GIS) can simplify projects.

Clean Energy Teams Need GIS to Meet Climate Change Goals

Climate scientists and researchers have used geographic information to create comprehensive pictures of how our planet has changed over time. Researchers have also used GIS technology in their study of climate change's impact on our world, such as changes in air quality, risks to city infrastructure, and more. But GIS applications can go beyond scientific research, to business use.

Renewable energy developers can use GIS to:

1. Find suitable land for projects such as wind or solar farms.

2. Manage risks associated with land development.

3. Support team collaboration to execute on a clear vision.

4. Increase efficiency in today’s competitive market through effective, data-rich mapping capabilities.

Imagine a scenario where a solar developer is tasked with finding a 400-acre property suitable for solar farm development. That means the property should be outside flood zones, relatively flat, and near the proper electric infrastructure. The developer also needs information on elevation, slope, soils, and more to determine the buildability of the site to help reduce risks like flooding or receding land areas.

To find the necessary information, developers have two options. First, they can cycle through various sources of land information from disparate county, state, or federal resources. This option can take days, or even weeks, to collect and analyze the data, since it can be difficult to combine these datasets for effective comparison when they often use different record systems. The second, and more straightforward, option is to use GIS to compile all the necessary information in one centralized platform -- simplifying the lengthy search and comparison processes. The effective choice is obvious.

With GIS at their fingertips, solar development teams can also improve the client and investor management process. A comprehensive GIS platform, featuring strong data presentations, allows developers to walk clients through site options while explaining project design plans remotely, without needing to travel to the location. Developers can also create reports on power usage across areas of interest to understand natural resource needs and determine the projects that will best address them.

Widespread use of GIS will help developers make these decisions quickly, both increasing project impact and shortening the time to completion. More solar and wind farms will allow our country to utilize more renewable energy sources to meet its power needs, reducing the need for fossil fuels, and ultimately helping our nation reach its master clean energy goal by the 2030 deadline.

Christopher Nichols serves as the leader of geothinQ, a geographic land mapping and data visualization software. He has over 25 years of experience working with GIS and remote sensing technology.

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Keeping Grass Mowed Makes Dollars & Sense

In the days before utility-scale solar facilities stretched to the horizon, vegetation management wasn’t a worry; a small crew could handle it. One longtime industry pro recently told me this was still true as recently as 10 years ago. For the many O&M directors whose number one budget concern is vegetation management, however, that may seem like a hundred years ago.

Generally speaking, as utility-scale output escalated, the practice of mowing the grass evolved into doing it as infrequently as possible because of rising cost. At some point, herbicides were used more frequently, which ended up causing various problems — not the least of which were the environmental concerns and massive soil erosion during downpours.

Today, vegetation management can be divided into three methods: landscape crews, livestock (specifically sheep and goats), and the increasing trend of all-electric autonomous mowers. Rather than explore each method, let’s underscore the reasons why keeping the grass maintained (mowed) at solar facilities not only is an important practice for site performance, but also makes dollars and sense, especially for asset managers.

records began.1 As the debate rages on, one aspect that’s clearly critical for the future is the elimination of C02. It goes without saying that when saplings are growing up between the panels, or the grass in the rows is so high it’s covering the bottom portion of the panels, it isn’t good. So here are the main reasons why vegetation management is essential to supporting site performance:

• Albedo

• Root structure/Soil retention

• Dust reduction

• Minimizing wildfire risk

• Wildlife management


Considering the science involved in ground reflection and the myriad of other aspects on this topic, this will be a quick overview. After scanning several years’ worth of studies posted online around utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) plants using bifacial panels, there’s a mountain of research on snow, gravel, cement, sand, and grass in the ground vegetation category. Yet, there

Root structure/Soil retention

The more that grass grows and remains healthy, the better the root system and soil retention - also known as erosion prevention. Grass is one of the best choices for erosion control because its fibrous roots spread deep and quickly, holding the soil. Water and wind are two of the biggest culprits of erosion, especially during a strong storm when topsoil can erode and be carried away by high winds, resulting in a layer of thick dust. As an overview, we’re not getting into native flora, native plant seeds, various types of crops, or pollinator seeding as part of a facility’s vegetation plan. That’s another article for another day.

can reduce the output of PV panels by as much as 30 percent in a month. Primary short-term solutions like water or chlorides can lead to added costs due to labor, equipment and repeated applications. Kripa Varanasi, a professor


of mechanical engineering at MIT, estimates that 45 billion liters of water is being used every year to clean solar panels in a process that is costly and unsustainable.

Minimizing wildfire risk

As temperatures keep breaking records at an escalating pace, the threat of wildfires also is increasing. Wildfire exposure is a significant risk to grid scale, ground-mounted solar photovoltaic assets. The main mitigation against this risk is active vegetation management of the solar PV site, because it removes the source of the fuel that the wildfire requires to spread. As PV sites are unmanned most of the time, site conditions, including change in

the vegetation,3 are only noticed during maintenance activities or during a scheduled site vegetation survey. There have been a number of incidents during the past few years where wildfires have caused significant damage and losses to solar PV sites, mainly in the Western U.S., where the size, severity and frequency are growing at an alarming rate. These losses have been caused by unmaintained or poorly managed vegetation, which could have been avoided had the right prevention strategies been in place. Another aspect of wildfire management is increasing insurance premiums. In fact, some insurance companies require certain vegetation heights. We’re not getting into satellite imagery, drones or AI/autonomous vehicles as surveillance options. Again, another article.

Wildlife management

Keeping the grass mowed at a certain height also prevents, or at least greatly discourages, birds from nesting and a variety of animals and reptiles from making a home on your solar facility. Issues with birds include droppings on panels, and feathers and nesting materials that can not only cause fire, but reduce the effectiveness of panels. The greater the bird and/or animal population, the higher the chance of attracting larger predators. There also is the possibility of maintaining the grass while instituting an agrivoltaics (AV) program and encouraging pollinator habitats.

As an owner or manager of solar assets, you may be able to come up with even more reasons why keeping the grass mowed at solar facilities enhances site performance. The main takeaway is recognizing that the need for vegetation management will only continue to grow as utility-scale solar facilities stretch beyond the horizon in the future.

Steve Arters is VP –Marketing for Renu Robotics, which provides all-electric autonomous vehicles designed specifically for vegetation management on solar and other energy facilities.

Renu Robotics ///

1 ‘A world rapidly warming’: The past eight years were the eight warmest on record for the planet. – CNN, Jan. 10, 2023. https://

2 Enhancement of Albedo For Solar Energy Gain With Particular Emphasis On Overcast Skies – energies, Oct. 24, 2018. publication/328491237_Enhancement_ of_Albedo_for_Solar_Energy_Gain_with_ Particular_Emphasis_on_Overcast_Skies

3 Vegetation management on Solar Farms: Data driven strategies for wildfire prevention – Aviva, Aug. 3, 2022. https://

North American Clean Energy 17 Ensure your PV installation is operating optimally with the SMFT-1000 ALL-IN-ONE solar PV testing kit for I-V curve tracing and PV system performance analysis. ©2023 Fluke Corporation. 230101-en

Resource Monitoring

The simple solution to solar asset underperformance

Yet, to deploy capital efficiently and maximize the ROI of renewable resources, a persistent problem that has plagued existing solar projects must be addressed: underperformance of assets. One solution to this problem is the collection of more comprehensive preconstruction data sets.

No measurement, no management

Despite being the most significant contributor to new generation capacity in the U.S. for a third straight year in 2022, solar power generators continue to struggle with performance and financing of new and current projects.

A recent report on solar risk assessment served as a wakeup call for the U.S. industry. It found that 92 percent of lost EBITDA

is due to underproduction caused by poor availability, unrealistic production forecasts, and lower-than-expected irradiance (which dwarfed all other sources of risk).

Meanwhile, one in three solar assets under development is overstating P50 estimates by more than 5 percent, which equates to equity investors locking in returns that are 30-40 percent lower than expected, reducing the overall value of investments.

The crux of the problem

The underlying cause of these issues can be linked to minimal or flawed on-site resource monitoring being deployed, before any shovels breaking ground on project construction. Looking at markets with higher saturations of renewables in their energy grids, such as Australia, the use of preconstruction data collection has been integral to the industry's success and growth. In Australia, bankable on-site monitoring data is collated to inform and validate project modeling prior to capital being deployed in construction.

Resource assessment should be conducted with multiple monitoring systems onsite, especially for utility scale solar, where conditions on one end of a project can differ from the other end (usually several miles apart).

Complex terrain projects have also increased in construction feasibility through monitoring, whether on the side of a hill or next to a forest. Accurate preconstruction solar measurement allows developers to optimally map out solar arrays, helping to ensure efficient production for the life of the project.

The aforementioned report also found that uneven terrain at solar projects is causing up to 6 percent losses compared to preconstruction estimates, with industry-standard solar energy modeling software not fully accommodating of terrain variables. Only physical on-site instrumentation can deliver highly accurate measurement

2023 is expected to be a breakthrough year for the U.S. renewables industry. The Inflation Reduction Act, supported by a raft of favorable state and federal policies, is set to supercharge investment, and see projects developed across the country.

data, giving project developers real-time access to on-theground data to accurately model and forecast production outputs, mitigating the data-related issues highlighted earlier.

A comprehensive prebuild resource assessment campaign should ideally include the following measurements:

• Irradiance - GHI, POA, Albedo, Direct, and Diffuse

• Soiling Rate and Ratio

• Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, and Rainfall

• Wind Speed and Direction

Regardless of location, these measurements are essential in assessing, financing, and operating solar energy projects. They help to reduce the uncertainty inherent in computer models, improve bankability, and reduce equity risk in highly geared projects.

Deploying the right monitoring systems is critical to the success of solar projects.

Generation Forecasting and Cloud Cameras

Another development that was driven by higher penetration of renewables in the Australian market has been the requirement for intermittent generators (wind and solar) to provide grid operators with 5-minute dispatch forecasts. These forecasts are retrospectively compared with generation output, and scored for accuracy. Forecast errors can result in financial penalties for generators, depending on whether those errors have helped or hindered grid frequency during these intervals. As a direct result of this, a sophisticated self-forecasting industry has developed to provide generators with accurate

5-minute forecasts, avoiding what is termed ‘Causer Pays’ penalties. Essentially, this is how grid operators recoup their costs for Frequency Control Ancillary Services (“FCAS”) caused by generation deviation error from generator forecasts.

An essential piece of the self-forecasting puzzle has been the development of state-of-the-art cloud camera, or CloudCam technology, which identifies, tracks and predicts cloud movement over solar arrays. This technology has been used to good effect in providing highly accurate 5-minute forecasts, with great results on utility scale (>30MW) solar farms in Australia and around the world. In addition to short-term forecasting, CloudCam can also be used in microgrid and offgrid operations to increase grid stability, manage spinning reserve, optimize battery cycling (as well as size), and save fuel.

Data Accessibility

No matter what system is selected for a solar or any renewable project site, the software that allows users to access the data produced onsite is equally important. After all, the question is not how much data is available, but how the data is used. The real smarts in data monitoring are often in the software that analyzes it and makes it accessible for users.

Real-time access to data is now available, and can provide project proponents with insights and trends into what is occurring at any time, day or night. This can allow businesses to assess unit location, and even monitor adverse weather events at site as they are occurring.

By embracing better monitoring systems, the U.S. renewables industry – from investors to O&M – can build and operate projects more intelligently, to generate more clean energy, and achieve better project returns.

Simone Lutz is the Head of North American Business Development for Fulcrum3D, an Australian cleantech company specializing in monitoring and remote sensing systems for renewable projects, providing affordable and accurate data.

Fulcrum3D ///

Cutting Grass And Slicing Budgets.

Battery-less off-grid solar EV charging solution

CyboEnergy, Inc.has introduced a batteryless off-grid solar EV charging solution. This unique electric vehicle (EV) charging solution is based on CyboEnergy’s AC assisted off-grid solar inverter technology. The system includes one AC assisted off-grid master inverter on the left and one or multiple slave inverters, all daisychained or connected via an AC bus. The electric grid or an AC generator can provide needed AC power to the system through the AC input port of the master inverter. This way, the off-grid solar system can provide EV charging 24/7 in solar only mode, AC input power mode, or combined power mode. For example, one master inverter and three slave inverters with 16 solar panels can provide up to 5KW AC power for EV charging. This system can also be used for EV charging. CyboEnergy's battery-less off-grid solar systems can start and run EV chargers 24/7 with consistent performance under solar and load variations. It has many unique features and advantages including: distributed power system design allowing the use of a smaller number of solar panels and inverters, scalable and modular with multiple sub-systems, plug-andplay installation, and low in cost and maintenance with no batteries.

CyboEnergy Inc. ///

For most utility-scale solar facilities, the rising cost of vegetation management is the top budget item. Now there’s a solution to this growing problem. The Renubot is designed by solar O&M professionals specifically for vegetation management on these locations. It’s rugged, reliable and remains onsite with oversight. Let’s discuss how Renubot can solve your problem.

North American Clean Energy 19 RENUBOT.COM

Keep Solar Up and Running

Over the last couple of decades, the world has observed significant climatic disruptions that have impacted various regions globally. Climatic change has increased the frequency of natural calamities such as heat waves, flooding, and drought, and a rise in sea-level. This has compelled countries to invent processes or methods to overcome these climate challenges. Accordingly, they have undertaken several initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to mitigate climate disruption.

One of the main reasons for environmental pollution is the conventional method of electricity generation using coal, which is a major source of greenhouse gas. In response, countries have pledged to reduce their dependency on coal for power generation. This has led to an increase in focus on clean sources of power generation, with solar and wind being the most prevalent.

Countries and organizations across the globe are focusing on harnessing solar for power generation using two main technologies: solar PV and concentrated solar power. Of the two, the preferred choice is solar PV, where solar energy is directly converted into electricity through solar cells made of silicon and gallium, among others.

Higher adoption of solar

More than 1 TW of solar PVs are installed worldwide, with China having the largest solar PV installed base, followed by the US, India, and European countries. Installation of new solar PV increased from 101 GW in 2016, to 182 GW in 2021. The final tally for new installations should show growth by around 100 GW to more than 280 GW, compared to 2021. In the next 8–10 years, annual installation of solar PV would surpass 500 GW. Besides the growing concern of climate change, a major factor driving the adoption of solar PV is cost. The cost of modules

has fallen by almost 80 percent since 2009, and is likely to drop further with higher rates of installation and technological advancement. Moreover, COVID-19 and the Russia-Ukraine war have fueled the adoption in recent years.

O&M to keep solar running

Once solar PV is installed, it requires timely inspection and maintenance to make sure that it operates properly, and to improve its overall efficiency. The Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of solar PV includes activities involving labor, technology, and tools that help optimize operations.

There are three types of O&M activities related to solar PV:

1. Preventative maintenance includes routine inspection and maintenance of solar PV equipment to avoid breakdowns and unnecessary production losses.

2. Corrective maintenance is done for unplanned breakdowns to minimize downtime.

3. Condition-based maintenance predicts breakdown using realtime data, and accordingly prioritizes activities and resources. Condition-based maintenance is gaining popularity, with the adoption of software systems such as Data Acquisition Systems (DAS) to monitor the operation of solar PV.

O&M of solar PV is carried out in-house or outsourced to a third party. In the case of in-house, the installer provides O&M services and is the only point of contact for all the service requirements of the customer. In the case of outsourced, the company recruits experts that inspect, track, and offer O&M services. Outsourcing to reputed third parties has gained traction as they can provide specific O&M services.

Global O&M market

The global solar PV O&M market has posted remarkable growth over the last five years, and was estimated at USD8–10 billion in

2021. Utility-scale PV solar is the largest user of O&M services worldwide. The US is the most attractive market for O&M services, followed by Asia and Europe. The non-residential solar PV O&M market is expected to touch USD14–17 billion by 2030.

The key driver is an increase in solar installation. By 2030, the global cumulative installed capacity of solar PV is expected to surpass 2.2 TW. Other factors that will drive the increase include aging solar PV infrastructure and higher adoption of new technologies for monitoring and maintenance.

There has been an increasing adoption of new and innovative technologies for O&M such as remote sensing using IoT, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and aerial techniques for visual imaging. With the increase in the size of solar farms, and a maturing asset base, the adoption of new technology is a prerequisite for O&M activities. New technologies help in optimizing operations and maximizing Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE).

Future outlook

The growing emphasis on renewable energy to mitigate the impact of climatic change will drive the penetration of solar PV across the globe. The increase in solar installed capacity, especially large utilityscale PV, would drive demand for O&M services. The primary market for solar O&M services would be the Americas, followed by Asia-Pacific, and EMEA. Most of the O&M spending over the next 10 years would be for corrective repairs, including inverter replacements.

The future of solar PV O&M looks promising as the total installed capacity expands. O&M activity would be highly technology-driven, with the usage of digital technologies for monitoring and automated tools for maintenance.

20 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// C ABLE MANAGEMENT F OR SOL AR CABLE FOR SOLAR Solar Snake Max XL™ — Utility Ground Mount Installations • Maintain NEC 310.15 code • Harvest up to 8% more energy • No trenching or derating of cables • Holds cables from 350 - 1250 Kcmil 407 Hand Bendable Solar Snake Tray® — Roof Top Installations • Hand bends around any obstacles • Lobster trap designs secures and protects cables • Built in mounting rings 801 Solar Mega Snake® — Ground Mount and Roof Top Installations • High-capacity cable tray with pre-fabricated straights, turns, TEEs, and crossing grids • Quick splice kit connectors • Multiple mounting options Snake-Loc String Cable Hanger Messenger Wire • Double pocket hanger with a squeeze lock attaches to messenger wire • Reduces time and labor using no tools • Stays in place on the wire |800-308-6788|Made in the USA US Patent #8985530, #8783628 #10944355,#10666029 and other Patents Pending. clean-energy-mar-apr-1-3pgh indd 1 clean-energy-mar-apr-1-3pgh.indd 1 2/10/2023 2 15 56 PM 2:15:56 PM
Dhirender Mishra is Senior Manager,
at Aranca


HUCK® Range Force™ The Powerful and Portable Standard for Solar Structure Installation

With unmatched installation speed and force, the Huck RangeForce line of battery tooling offers the power and portability you need for fast, secure solar structure installation. There’s no hose to pull and no power source to fuel, allowing you to move through the job site easier, while saving you time and money.

HuckBolts® and Huck structural blind rivets can be secured in as little as 2 seconds with up to 10.9 PC strengths and 1,000 hours NSS performance. You can rest assured your solar installation will stay secure even in the harshest environments.

HUCK Range Force

A New Era in Solar Field Tooling

North American Clean Energy 21
Uses nosepieces for HuckBolts and Huck structural blind rivets up to ½” in diameter.
Learn more about Huck products for PV panels and frames or email sales at BV4500

Powering Your Job Site

For powering construction sites that are located within the city limits, on roadways, or remote locations, generators are an excellent choice. Whether purchased or rented, these generators work by using a fuel source – typically diesel or gas – to operate a motor that produces electricity. Relying on diesel or gas generators for the bulk of your construction site power, however, contributes highly damaging CO2, NOx, particulate, and watercourse pollution. As a result, the use of traditional generators is often restricted, and sometimes prohibited entirely.

Legislation like California’s gas generator ban (AB-1346) is set to go into effect in 2028. It follows a series of measures introduced to help wean Californians off fossil fuel and transition to more renewable energy to meet federal ozone standards. As other states follow suit, only those contractors able to effectively replace on-site fossil fuel generators with an emissions-free alternative will successfully find work in those states.

For small projects located within the city limits and next to power poles, it may be possible for contractors to connect to the existing electrical grid, which can supply a steady stream of power for construction machinery and tools. This is accomplished by making arrangements with the electric company prior to the start of the project. In this scenario, the power company sends a technician to the site to provide temporary power poles, wires and outlets, as well as a temporary electric meter or other equipment that will monitor and subsequently bill the contractor for electric usage.

Unfortunately, joining the existing power grid isn’t always possible. This is especially true if the construction site moves (in the case of roadways and railways), or if the site is located in an extremely remote area that doesn’t have utility poles nearby. Other complications include putting a drain on the local grid with strong power demands, and causing disruptions to the line during hookup.

Solar-powered generators provide an ideal solution. A well-sized solar generator can power as much as the average gas or diesel model; when connecting to the grid isn’t feasible, a temporary solar panel installation may be able to provide the needed power construction sites.

Portable, direct solar energy systems are just now entering the market, with exciting possibilities. These permanent systems mount to the cargo containers, box trucks, and trailers you already own, making them mobile enough to take along to any job site.

Some DIY kits install in about two hours, and can connect back to the grid or to a battery source of your choice for energy production at night. They can support 12003000 watts of energy, and are a fraction of the cost of other renewable energy sources for powering job sites.

Not only are solar panel installations environmentally friendly, but they’re a great way to reduce carbon emissions and lower fossil fuel consumption. Once the panels are in place, they can be used to charge certain power tools, and even operate large and small pieces of machinery. You can continue benefiting from energy production after sunset through net metering and proper solar battery storage.

Vroom Solar ///

Luke Phelps is Founder and CEO at Vroom Solar, which offer solar-direct kits with adjustable mounting and load-management technology.
22 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///



SDE is on track to manufacture over 25,000,000 lbs. in galvanized steel components this year for Ground Mounts, Carports, and Ballasted Roof Mount systems. If we hit our target numbers by EOY, we will have enough working capital to replicate our manufacturing operations on the West Coast, giving us access to new commercial installers and distribution partners by 2025.

Sinclair Designs & Engineering (SDE) is a leading manufacturer of Commercial Ground Mount systems in the Midwest. In Q4 2022, SDE reinvested in their labor force, critical manufacturing infrastructure, and expanded their facility to scale production and engineering services.

SDE’s recent investment includes additional stamping and roll forming lines for key components. The new infrastructure will streamline efficiency and allow up to 3 Megawatts of ground mount racking production within 24 hours, raising annual capacity to 1GW.

“This investment recognizes that our employees bring high quality trade skills to their jobs every day and we count on them to build our future business. Our customer portfolio is growing, and we will not allow our lead times to be impacted by the high demand for our products,”

23 SINCLAIR-DESIGNS.COM 877-517-0311

Pay Less for Your Solar System

A home solar system is a smart long-term investment amidst the energy crisis. Panels pay for themselves at least 2-3 times during their lifespan. Before getting profits from a system, however, you have to get one; the upfront costs can be high. Here are five ways to help you reduce these costs without lowering the profits.

Tip #1: Pay attention to specs, not the brand

Solar panels make up to 60 percent of your installation cost — choose wisely! There are over 350 manufacturers of PV modules on the market. This extensive selection can be confusing. Naturally, most consumers are drawn towards names that they've heard before. That's not necessarily a mistake, but it makes it easy to overpay by a lot just for a popular brand name. While these companies produce panels of the highest quality, their products tend to cost 1.5-2 times more than average.

Look closely at technical characteristics of panels. Pay attention to their power output, the warranties that each brand offers, weather and shading tolerance of their modules, efficiency, and degradation rates.

Unsurprisingly, if you want to save your money, look at Chinese brands, which tend to be both cheap and efficient. While they may offer the best cost per watt, their panels can be hard to find in the US due to high demand and tensions between China and USA.

Tip #2: Pick larger modules

The solar market changes constantly. Three years ago, people were buying mostly 300 to 350W panels for their homes. Today, people are more inclined towards 400 to 450W panels. Higher wattage means you can build a powerful system with fewer materials, and pay less for installation.

For example, you would need twenty 300 W modules for a 6-kilowatt system. You could build the same system with just fifteen 400 W panels. This system requires approximately 40 fewer square feet, leaving enough room for two more 400 W panels, and giving you the freedom to scale up your system.

Tip #3: Think twice about adding batteries

Energy storage makes your home more sustainable, which means you won't lose power during blackouts. However, it can increase the cost of your solar system by 30-

24 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

50 percent and extend the payback period. To put it bluntly, solar panels pay for themselves. Batteries — not quite yet.

If you use a lot of energy in the evening, a hybrid solar system with grid connection and a small battery can pay off better than a grid-tie one. Utility rates are often higher at these hours because it's the point of peak demand. Solar systems may not produce enough at this time of day, but a hybrid inverter can switch your house to battery support. This way you won't have to pay extra to the utility.

Tip #4: Pay in cash

A solar system can be expensive; it's tempting to lease it or take a loan. But those monthly payments to a bank or leasing company can burn all the profit generated by your system.

A 4 kW solar system in Berkeley can bring from $30,000 to $50,000 over its lifetime. The upfront cost of this system is somewhere around $10,000, if you pay in cash. Your profits will exceed $20,000 after 20-25 years. However, if you lease a system or take a standard loan, your earnings diminish to only $2,000-$5,000 by the year 25.

If you don't have the available cash to go solar, look for banks that offer special loans for clean energy projects. The interest tends to be lower than average. Your savings won't be as high as if you paid upfront, but the system will still be profitable.

Tip #5: Use incentives

States and utilities want people to go solar, and they are willing to help finance the switch to clean energy. The most important program for solar owners is ITC or Federal Solar Tax Credit. It lets you deduct 30 percent of your installation costs from your income taxes. For example, if the solar system cost $15,000, you could claim $4,500 back. Total solar installation cost includes inverters, batteries, as well as labor and shipping expenses. ITC is not the only incentive out there. Check your own state for local laws and policies. Chances are, they offer tax exemptions, small rebates, or their own tax credits. Some utilities also propose rebates for the customers that go solar. Usually, they can lower your expenses by $100-$500. Sometimes utilities offer to exchange these rebates for Portfolio Energy Credits that your system will generate. It's up to you if you want to make that choice.

Solar systems pay off in spades

An average solar system in the US costs from $10,000 to $20,000. You can expect it to pay for itself in 6 to 8 years. If you are living in a sunny area with high energy rates, the payback period is going to be even shorter. Solar panels last for over 25 years, and with the dynamic of gas and oil prices, you can expect your earnings to increase even further.

Andrey Gorichensky had been a news editor and freelance writer for a number of medias before joining A1SolarStore team. Climate change and its impact on people's lives have always been among his interests, and contributed to his degree in Philosophy and Ethics.


Portable solar panel series for the off-grid lifestyle

Renogy’s reimagined E.FLEX portable solar panel series offers advanced new materials, a more compact design, and improved performance ratings. Thenew E.FLEX series is a versatile charging solution for portable power stations or off-grid DC batteries, and it is suitable for road trips, camping, RVs, and over-landing. The new E.FLEX series consists of three models, the E.FLEX 80, E.FLEX 120, and E.FLEX 220. The new E.FLEX series is durable yet compact and lightweight. Weighing as little as 7.3lb, each E.FLEX features a foldable design, an integrated kickstand for angled cell position, reinforced corner protection, and plug-and-play MC4 cable compatibility. They even include a water-resistant carrying case for easy transport and storage. The E.FLEX Portable Solar Panel series has PERC monocrystalline solar cell technology with a conversion efficiency of up to 22%. They are IP67-rated water-resistant and feature durable ETFE surfaces for a longer lifespan, improved light transmittance, scratch resistance, and low-maintenance cleaning. The E.FLEX Portable Solar Panels pair with the Phoenix Portable Power Stations. E.FLEX panels can charge portable power stations to 80% in as little as 2.5 hours.

Renogy ///

PLC / DCS migration with minimized downtimes

With the aid of adapters, pre-assembled cables, and interfaces from Weidmüller, the problem of replacing one PLC system with another can be solved easily and safely. Users can maintain the existing field cabling, test the new system, and keep installation downtimes to a minimum. All components are plug-and-play with keyed connectors to eliminate any chance of wiring errors. Keep existing field terminations landed, no ring out is needed. PLC conversion can be completed in hours instead of weeks. The key to Weidmüller’s migration platform is in the design. It permits existing field wiring to remain in place and undisturbed on the front panel adapter and eliminates the need to wiretrace or ring-out. The card adapters are cURus approved and the certified cables are UL and CSA listed. In addition, the cables are RoHS and FT4 rated at 300V.

Weidmüller ///

MBA Energy & Industrial is an industrial construction firm that specializes in providing various new facilities for energy-related projects. MBA has built over 70 buildings for the renewable industry in the last five years and can provide complete coverage of your project. MBA’s current resume stretches across 22 states and includes O&M buildings, warehouses, large enclosures, battery storage, terminals, substation buildings, large offices, and many other facilities. Most MBA buildings are design/build in nature, but the company is also capable of buildto-print projects. The in-house team of architects and engineers helps clients through the design process and offers various options for their respective projects. MBA also provides free conceptual designs, budgetary pricing, and consultation on building planning. Please don’t go through the design process alone; lean on our expertise. Contact MBA today.

North American Clean Energy 25

Reliable load monitoring and protection

LUTZE’s new generation of LOCC-Box devices is designed with the end user in mind. LUTZE’s innovative push-in terminals are user-friendly and offer a wider clamping range of AWG 24-14 than the previously used spring clamps. Ferruled and solid wires can be terminated simply by using the quick push-in technology and stranded wires can easily be terminated for proper connection with the help of a screwdriver by pressing the ergonomically designed blue push-in tabs. Additionally, each terminal now includes a convenient 2mm test port. The overall dimensions of LOCC-Box housing have been reduced to create space and allow more free air flow in the control cabinet. An enhanced mounting mechanism provides a secure hold to the DIN rail. With these new upgraded features, the updated design of the LOCC-Box improves installation efficiency in control cabinet applications. The new LOCC-Box devices are UL 508 and UL 2367 Listed and compatible with all previous models.

LUTZE Inc ///

Off-grid solar home solution

Heyco Heavy Duty Lockit P Clamp

Available in three different sizes to accommodate a variety of cables ranging from 1 5 to 3 in diameter Unique design allows for installation of Heavy Duty Lockit P Clamps to be independent of cable installation while release feature allows for ser viceability or field maintenance

Heyco Edge Clips

Heyco Edge Clips provide high panel retention forces while req low inser tion forces Ideal soluti for applications where holes are not available or temperatures are too extr for adhesive solutions

Heyco®-Tite Solar Masthead® II Liquid Tight Cordgrips

Now accommodates #6 AWG cables! T unique, skinned-over technology allows installers to use the same par t for multiple applications/cable configurations while remaining liquid tight

Heyco®-Tite Cordgrips for Enphase Q Cable

Heyco now offers 1/2˝ NPT and 3/4˝ NPT cordgrips compatible with the Enphase Q Cable Use the 1/2˝ NPT for just 1 Enphase Q Cable or the 3/4 NPT for 2 Enphase Q Cables PLUS a #8 solid Grounding cable

Heyco® HEYClip™ SunRunner® Double-compression design holds from (1) 12 gauge USE-2 to (2) 8 AWG cables up to 8,3 mm OD


Now for #6 AWG!

protected vinyl jacket and stainless steel crimp sleeve, 8 (203 mm) to 20 (508 mm) lengths

ZOLA Electric’s new technology solution, FLEX MAX elegantly serves customers living at the convergence of off-grid and on-grid. FLEX MAX serves homeowners looking to power AC appliances such as refrigeration alongside lights, connectivity, TV, and businesses looking to power productive use products. It fits seamlessly in ZOLA’s network of hardware solutions and, is installed, commissioned, optimized, and managed through Vision, ZOLA’s network management software platform. FLEX MAX aims to deliver communitylevel electrification to the 3 billion people living without affordable, reliable energy. In addition to lighting, a TV, and fan, FLEX MAX’s increased capacity can power high efficiency AC and DC refrigerators in residential settings, and extends its application from domestic to offices and hospitals. FLEX MAX provides electrical infrastructure in a box for customers with no existing connection or those with a weak, unreliable grid connection and not much roof space. Able to charge from both solar and the grid, FLEX MAX allows ZOLA to serve both rural communities and the periurban market. The core value of FLEX MAX is its large, modular battery and flexibility to leverage both high-efficiency appliances that come with AC as well as infrastructure’s DC systems, so more customers can use existing appliances while benefiting from the versatility of ZOLA’s DC ecosystem. A key additional feature of FLEX MAX is the integration of new revenue models that will improve the capacity of ZOLA’s distributor partners to offer financing solutions to their customers. The incorporation of new hardware and software features facilitate new financing mechanisms, such as payas-you-go models that support remote control of customer networks and allow the system to be locked in the case of nonpayment. Crucially, this addresses the lack of traditional energy financing mechanisms in the developing world, combatting the affordability issue for end-users, while also supporting distribution partners.

ZOLA Electric ///

26 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// w w w . h e y c o . c o m “Stay Connected with Heyco” Power Components Box 517 • Toms River, NJ 08754 • P: 732-286-4336 • F: 732-244-8843 For FREE samples or product literature, call toll free 1-800-526-4182, or visit heyco com HEYCO® Wire Management Solutions for Solar Installers & Integrators... Heyco® Solar Products Warranty Visit www heyco com for information about Heyco’s 20 Year Limited Warranty on our solar products Heyco® SunBundler® Stainless Steel Wire Cable Ties Aircraft grade 302/304 stainless wire w/UV
3487 Heyco_NA 3.5x10_Layout 1 7/19/22 3:49 PM Page 1
North American Clean Energy 27 Custom designed & built Power Transformers ranging from 500 kVA – 500 MVA, up to 500 kV class Email: sales@vatransformer com www vatransformer com
XAs the No. 1 US-owned power transformer supplier for renewable energy projects in North the industry (28 – 32 weeks) for pad-mounted transformers from 500 kVA to 4,000 kVA. SUSTAINABILITY BIODEGRADABLE OIL (VT300-Natural Ester Oil) SUITABLE TO HANDLE HARMONICS MINIMAL DOWNTIME 20 YEAR LIFE INDOOR/OUTDOOR APPLICATION Pad-mounted transformer Pad-mounted transformer

Panel-level storage

Yotta Energy’s SolarLEAF, is a panel-level energy storage technology that installs directly beneath solar modules on rooftops and solar structures. Unlocking this panel-level format is their thermal management system that combines a phase change material with ceramics to passively regulate the battery’s temperature and prevent overheating. Their ecosystem of hardware and software solutions make it easy to deploy costeffectively, increasing the return on investment for projects.

Yotta Energy ///

Simple, smart, sustainable home energy management solution

Schneider Electric unveiled Schneider Home, a home energy management solution for homeowners seeking savings, comfort, and energy independence. The Schneider Home energy management solution includes a home battery for clean energy storage, a high-power solar inverter, a smart electrical panel, electric vehicle charger, and connected electric sockets and light switches, all controlled by the easy-to-use Schneider Home app. The Schneider Home solution intelligently orchestrates home energy by bringing together utility power, solar, back up battery, and EV charging. It offers intelligence to homeowners, including the ability to monitor energy consumption by individual appliance, decide where to prioritize power during an outage to extend available back up power, and avoid expensive electrical service upgrades when purchasing an EV. The solution also allows homeowners to save by enrolling in utility programs and qualify for tax incentives.

DC-to-DC solar EV charger

Powered directly from the sun, Enteligent’s DC-to-DC solar hybrid bi-directional EV charger can supply 25kW of fast DC charging, while also supporting vehicleto-home (V2H) and vehicle-to-grid (V2G) home energy resilience and providing significant energy savings. By eliminating the AC-to-DC conversion, Enteligent’s EV chargers help users optimize every kilowatt of clean energy, resulting in up to 25% energy savings. And direct charging DC by-passes the EV’s internal conversion electronics, dramatically improving the time necessary to charge. Enteligent’s proprietary solar EV chargers make it convenient and affordable to charge during the day, direct from convenient on-site solar generation, fostering a fundamental shift in energy consumption habits that leverage solar power when it is locally generated and readily available.

Enteligent ///

/// 28 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///
Schneider Electric

Polycarbonate enclosures with robust mounting flanges

AttaBox Enclosures now features new, highly durable mounting flanges as an option versus traditional mounting feet. These full flanges are available together with AttaBox polycarbonate enclosures or as an accessory kit. They are compatible with wide-ranging surfaces and can be used with other mounting hardware such as channel or pole mount kits. An innovative, water-shedding design prevents water accumulation while also providing installation flexibility via a mounting cross that enables multiple screw positions. Users can easily acquire the new flanges by ordering newly created standard enclosure catalog numbers including the flange, or as an accessory kit. The new AttaBox mounting flanges for polycarbonate enclosures are part of many other Heartland series product innovations including the panel management system, combination screw and hinged covers, non-metallic or stainless steel latches, DIN rail mounting boxes and kits, side panels, and weight distribution shelves.

AttaBox Enclosures

/// w

Microinverter for high power solar modules

Built from the ground up for high-power solar modules, the HMS-2000 Series, 4-in-1 microinverter features maximum output power of up to 2000VA. Independent MPPT and monitoring allow for higher energy harvests and streamlined maintenance, while the support of Sub-1Ghz wireless solution offers more robust communications stability. The HMS-2000 offers 96.7% CEC peak efficiency, 4 input channels, and maximum 16A input current, and a 25-year warranty.

Hoymiles Power Electronics ///

A shady, solar powered place to be

Spotlight Solar has developed Haven, a beautiful solar shelter. People want to be outside more than ever, whether they’re working, eating, or hanging out. They need comfortable seating, a spacious table, and shade. And they want power. Clean power. Haven offers a large canopy over a generous table of premium material that stays cool. It has solid wood seating for eight. Bi-facial solar panels power 16 places to charge up, along with tasteful LED lighting, and lithium battery backup for three days. It is made in the USA, using recycled and natural materials. Haven installs in half a day with hand tools, no foundation or interconnection. Haven provides shelter and power, makes solar attractive, and encourages care for the environment. It's a great complement to larger investments in clean energy.

Spotlight Solar ///

Racking & Mounting

Along with quality panels, it’s important to ensure a solid base and a supportive structure for a successful solar installation. The following highlights a variety of mounting and racking solutions that are available, along with their key features, to help solar designers and installers find the best option for their project.

TerraGen Solar

Product: TGR Elevated Green Roof

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: Any tilt angle from 0° to 35°

Material: Aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembled parts

Warranty: 10-year standard warranty with extensions available upon request

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703

Key Features:

• Any tilt angle, row spacing or module elevation;

• Wind study allows for material and installation efficiencies;

• Non-penetrating, use the green roof as the ballast weight;

• Limit supports for ease of green roof maintenance.

OMG Solar

Product: OMG PowerGrip Universal 7 Roof


Application: Roof-mount

Material: Heavy duty cast aluminum, with additional materials for water-blocking

Warranty: Through OMG, Inc.

Key Features:

• No welding of thermoplastic membrane for a water barrier;

• A strong, universal roof mount;

• Compatible with all commercial roofing systems;

• No cutting open the roof;

• Typically secured with common roofing screws to the roof deck, not the structural members.

Unirac, Inc.

Product: STRONGHOLD Butyl

Application: Roof-mount, pitched shingle, or rolled comp

Angle: < 5°

Material: Aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Certifications/Approvals: UL Listed

Key Features:

• Simplified flashless attachment with one-step butyl application;

• Optimized for Unirac's open-channel rail system NXT UMOUNT;

• Dual mounting options: Pre-attached butyl pad; peel, stick, and fasten with the two (2) included screws for the rafter mount or for direct-to-deck applications, additional decking screws are available;

• Available in mill and dark.


Product: SMR Rail System

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: Flush-mount

Material: Aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL Listed

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Key Features:

• High value, high performing rail system;

• Fast install and low cost;

• Lag-to-panel single tool installation;

• Single SKU, pop-on universal clamps make installation fast, reliable, and flexible for any module thickness;

• Quality roof attachments for any roof type.

30 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///
North American Clean Energy 31

Solar Connections International

Product: PowerMount Adjust

Application: Roof-mount

Material: Aluminum Certifications/Approvals: 3rd Party

Uplift/Shear Reports

Warranty: 25-year limited warranty

Key Features:

• Features the aptitude to adapt to ribbed panels that range in widths from 0.75" to 3.00";

• Eliminates the need for multiple SKUs, simplifying order placement and installation experience;

• Features pre-applied EPDM on the PowerWings to provide a watertight seal with four points of attachment;

• This system includes the PowerMount Adjust Bracket, (2) PowerWings, four stainless steel fasteners with EPDM washers, and an M8 serrated flange bolt.


Zilla Corporation

Product: Zilla Electrical Passthrough

Application: Roof-mount, side-mount

Angle: Flush mount on comp shingle roofs, metal roofs, or siding

Material: Aluminum, galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly using 3/8" hex drive socket with no shingle cutting or caulking

Certifications/Approvals: Passed 3rd party testing for roof flashings following AC 286 evaluation standards using the methodology of UL 441

Warranty: 25-year limited product warranty

Key Features:

• A versatile, low-cost way to make electrical transitions simple, clean, fast, and secure;

• Sleek, low profile patented design installs using the method of attachment first, flashing second, and an O-Ring seal third, providing three waterproof protection layers;

• Use with combiner boxes, j-boxes, conduit bodies, and other compatible transitional components;

• Available in two sizes: 3/4" O.D. and 1-1/4" O.D. with 1" I.D. NPSM adapter;

• Made in the USA.

Alternate Energy Technologies (AET)

Product: DinoRac

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: 20˚ to 60˚ from horizontal

Material: AISI 6063 T6 anodized aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Warranty: 5-year finish warranty, 10-year parts warranty

GripRac, Inc.

Product: Grip Belt

Application: Flat roofs

Angle: 0° to 15°

Material: Aluminum 5052, with 304 stainless steel hardware

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembled

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703, UL 1703

Warranty: 25-year warranty

K2 Systems

Product: The South Face System

Application: Low slope commercial roofs

Angle: 5.5° - 10°

Material: 6000 Series aluminum, zinc aluminum magnesium coated structural steel

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703, ASCE

7-16, SEAOC PV2

Warranty: 25-year warranty

32 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///


Product: ClickFit

Application: Rail-based rooftop mounting system

Material: Aluminum and coated steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703, ASCE/ SEI 7-16, AC428, ANSI/AWC NDS-2018

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Magerack Corporation

Product: MageFoot Rail-less Mounting Kit for Composite Shingle Roof

Application: Roof-mount

Material: Aluminum

AIMS Power

Product: Universal Ground and Pole Solar

Mounts and Brackets

Application: Ground-mount, pole-mount, and carports

Angle: 20° to 45°

Material: Steel, aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre- and postassembly available

Certifications/Approvals: Wind, snow, structural

Warranty: 10-year warranty

Atlantic Clean Energy Supply (ACES)

Product: Solar Racking Systema

Application: Roof-mount, ground-mount, tracking system

Angle: All angles covered

Material: Galvanized steel, aluminum, stainless steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly, post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: ETL approved, structural engineer approved

Warranty: Lifetime warranty

Angle: Yes

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Warranty: 25-year product warranty

North American Clean Energy 33



Product: Butyl Bottom Deck Mount

Application: Roof-mount

Material: Stainless steel

Angle: 90°

Pre- or Post-assembly: No assembly required

Certifications/Approvals: PE Tested

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Key Features:

• Butyl-backed for Peel-and-Place installation method;

• Comes with 4 self-tapping Hex Lags pre-assembled with EPDM-backed washers;

• Skip the rafters and mount anywhere on the roof;

• No pre-drilling required;

• Can be used to mount entire system direct-to-deck, or paired with QB2.


SolarPod / Z-Solar Solutions

Product: Z-Rack

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: Flush

Material: Hot dipped galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL2703 listed, wind and seismic tested to ASCE

Warranty: 10-year warranty

Key Features:

• Zero penetrations;

• Roof-type agnostic;

• Shave down install time;

• No fossil fuels used;

• Wind tested to 170mph.

Advanced Racking & Solar

Product: THL Ballasted

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: 5° - 10°

Material: Galvanized aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL certified

Warranty: 20-year warranty

Sollega, Inc.

Product: Ballasted Ground Mount FR510-6 Racking

Application: Roof-mount, ground-mount

Material: UV rated Nylon 6 Polymer

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703 Class "A" Type

1, 2, 3, 29 modules, UL3741 PV Hazard Control Array

Warranty: 25-year limited warranty

Solar Stack

Product: Solar Panel Mount

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: Flush mount, 5° mount, 10° mount

Material: Aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: Miami-Dade NOA

Approved, certified Solar Stack installer training is offered

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Jurchen Technology US Corporation

Product: EW Racking

Application: High density ground mount, low-cost recycled materials ballast, DG, utility

Angle: 8° e/w

Material: Galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703, Wind Tunnel

Tested, DNV GL Bankability Report

Warranty: 25+ year warranty

34 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// END CL AMPS SPLICE CONNECTORS L FEET MID CL AMPS Learn more at refalabama com LI-BURC-PA-EN-00596 | REV 02/2023 ©2023 Hubbell Incorporated. All rights reserved. R E F p r ov i d e s an ex t en s i ve p o r t f o l i o o f s e r v i c e s a n d p r o d u c t s f o r s ol a r r a c k i n g s y s t e m s • Comprehensive design and engineering • Customized fabrication • Tailored packaging and kitting • Warehousing and logistical support • Based and manufactured in the USA C l e a n E ne r g y

Sinclair Designs & Engineering

Product: Sky-Rack 2.0

Application: Ground-mount

Angle: Fixed tilt, season adjustable

Material: Prime USA galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: ISO-9001, UL

2703 Listed

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Key Features:

• Only 4 main components;

• Designed for rapid assembly;

• In-house engineering for permit approval;

• Short Lead Times (7-10 business days for projects less than 5MW);

• Made in the USA.


Product: IronRidge Contour Trim

Application: Sleek solar array trim, or skirt

Material: 6000 Series black powder-coated aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Connects to installed arrays

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Solar Mounts, LLC.

Product: Ballasted ground-mount

Application: Commercial and utility-scale ground-mounts

Angle: Adjustable

Material: Galvanized 100% USA steel

Certifications/Approvals: Ul 467, 2703

Grounding Clamps

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Key Features:

• Patented adjustable bolt down system 3 components with minimal hardware;

• Pre-punched tilt angles;

• Low lead times.

Clearline Technologies

Product: C-Port Rooftop Pipe Supports

Application: Roof supports for solar racking and conduit

Angle: Full range

Material: Recycled rubber, galvanized strut

Warranty: 10-year warranty

North American Clean Energy 35

APA Solar Racking

Product: GeoBallast

Application: Ground-mount ballast

Angle: 5° - 35°

Material: Hot dipped galvanized steel gabion basket with a PVC coating

Pre- or Post-assembly: Arrives to site 70% pre-assembled

Certifications/Approvals: APA Drawings can be PE stamped for all 50 states and territories

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Key Features:

• Utilizes 2250lbs of locally sourced quarry rock for ballast fill;

• Gabion basket arrives to the site over 70% pre-assembled;

• Can easily stage gabion baskets throughout sites and expedite installation;

• Telescoping posts allow for in-the-field adjustments to manage topography;

• Cost-competitive alternative and has a low point load ballast system.


Polar Racking

Product: CORE Fixed Tilt Ground Mount

Application: Ground-mount

Angle: 5° to 60°

Material: Galvanized steel (G90 - G235)

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre- and postassembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703

Warranty: 20-year limited warranty

Key Features:

• Designed to stand the test of time;

• Reduced civil costs, fast installation time through high degree of adjustability and few components;

• Site-specific value design engineering: customized solutions based on string size, topography, and foundation type;

• Optimized for bifacial and thin film solar panels;

• Installation services and construction support: smooth and fast construction process through assembly services and foundation installation.

Pegasus Solar

Product: Pegasus Rail System

Application: Sloped and flat roof

Angle: Flush-mount on sloped roof, 0 to 35° on flat roof

Material: Aluminum and steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: 2703, Edition 1, LTRAE-001-2012• ASCE 7-16 PE certified, Class A fire rating for any slope roof, FL Cert of Approval FL41396

Warranty: 25-year warranty


Product: S-5-PVKIT 2.0

Application: Roof-mount, standing seam, and exposed fasten (trapezoidal and corrugated)

Angle: Flush to roof

Material: Aluminum 6061 T6

Pre- or Post-assembly: Either pre- or post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: ANSI UL 2703 listed (module mounting), ETL UL1703 (grounding/bonding)

Warranty: 25-year manufacturer’s warranty against manufacturer defect

Roof Tech, Inc.

Product: RT-APEX

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: 0° to 45°

Material: Anodized aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703, TAS-100, ASTM

2140, ICC-ESR 3575

Warranty: 25-year warranty


Product: TopSpeed Mounting Solution

Application: Residential roof-mount

Angle: 0° to 90°

Material: Alloy aluminum, 300 series stainless steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Ships pre-assembled

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703 Bonding & Fire, TAS 100-A (Intertek), Stamped Structural Engineering

Warranty: 25-year manufacturer’s warranty

36 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// CUT INSTALLATION TIME IN HALF E474752 Makers of Z-Rack benefits: Zero penetrations Roof agnostic Shave down install time No fossil fuels Become dealer: ZSolarSolutions com MySolarPod com (763) 489-1611 UL2703 listed Wind and seismic tested to ASCE



Product: GLIDE

Application: Utility-scale ground-mount

Angle: 5° to 35°

Material: Steel, hot dip galvanized

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703, Edition 1; CPP Wind Tunnel Tested

Warranty: 20-year limited warranty

Key Features:

• Less hardware for fast installation and reduced labor hours;

• Foundations for the most challenging terrain;

• Accommodates up to 36% slope tolerance;

• Designed for landscape and portrait modules with landscape allowing for bifacial module compatibility;

• Durable, tolerating up to 170mph winds and 100psf ground snow loads.


Green Source EPC

Product: Ballasted Racking System

Application: Commercial-scale roof-mount

Angle: 5° - 10°

Material: Galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: PE


Warranty: 20-year standard warranty

Key Features:

• Recycled rubber pads;

• Stainless steel hardware;

• Integrated wire support;

• Meets all major module brand requirements.

DCE Solar

Product: Long Span

Application: Ground-mount

Angle: 5° to 35° tilt angle

Material: Galvanized steel

Certifications/Approvals: LS UL2703 approved for grounding and bonding

Warranty: 20-year warranty


Full Tilt™ is designed to minimize the number of parts and fasteners while ensuring a fast and easy installation. Full Tilt™ components are produced to the highest quality standards and can be delivered anywhere in the world. Every project benefits from BCI’s extensive experience as a manufacturer of 25+GW of solar components. Full Tilt has the right team in place to ensure smooth ordering, delivery, and installation for your next project.


Product: RC and RCT Mounting Clamps

Application: Standing seam metal roof

Material: Aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: Tested up to 2400lbs with 600lbs allowable loading when properly installed

Warranty: Lifetime warranty


 Installation savings

 Supports all modules

 Customized designs


North American Clean Energy 37
in FLAT position & TILT to angle TM



Product: Solar Racking & Carports

Application: Ballasted flat roof, post-driven ground-mount

Angle: 5°/10°, 10°/20°/25°/30°/35°

Material: Aluminum, galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703

Warranty: 10-year warranty

Key Features:

• Made in the USA domestic product, certification available;

• Easy to install ground and rooftop PV panel mounting solutions for commercial and utility scale solar power installations;

• Every carport project is unique and custom designed to offer a cost effective solution tailored to each project;

• Partnered with Sinclair Designs.


Kinetic Solar Racking and Mounting

Product: Static Ground Mount

Application: Ground-mount

Angle: 40°

Material: Galvanized steel and aluminum rails

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 467, CAN/ CSA-C22.2, UL 2703, LTR AE-001-2012

Warranty: 20-year warranty

Key Features:

• Suitable for all bifacial PV modules (PVM) and monofacial PV modules;

• Minimum (Portrait) to no shadow (Landscape) for bifacial modules;

• Engineered for a (q50) wind load of up to 1.0kPa, a snow load of 2.5Pa, and a rain load of 0.8kPa;

• Designed for ease of installation; use of datums, no drilling or cutting;

• Available for module sizes of up to 2300mm x 1160mm or equivalent area via custom order.

KB Racking

Product: EkonoRack 2.0

Application: Flat roof

Angle: 5° to 20°

Material: 3000 Series aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Preassembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL STD 2703, ULC/ORD STD C1703

Warranty: 25-year limited warranty

Sustainable Energy Management Systems, LLC.

Product: Avans Series

Application: Ground-mount solar racking

Angle: 30°

Material: Aluminum, galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Postassembly

Warranty: 25-year warranty, extendable to 30-years

American Made Fabricators, Inc.

Product: Solar Racking

Application: Ballasted roof and groundmounting

Angle: Adjustable

Material: Galvanized, aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre- and postassembly

Certifications/Approvals: Yes

Warranty: Yes

38 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// | 1.336.584.6700 GROUND SCREWS? HELICAL ANCHORS? REFUSAL HOLES? Rock Drilling Attachments Get the Job Done.

Full Tilt by BCI

Product: Fixed-tilt, ground-mount racking system

Application: DG, utility-scale groundmount

Angle: Customizable

Material: Galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Some preassembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703

Warranty: Yes

Key Features:

• Limited components and fasteners;

• Supports all module sizes;

• Rotatable rack allows module installation in flat position;

• Self-aligning panel rails;

• Integrated bonding and wire management.


Product: 5B Maverick

Application: Ground-mount, commercial, utility-scale, grid-connected, off-grid

Angle: 10° e/w

Material: Steel, aluminum, alloy, and concrete components

Pre- or Post-assembly: Prefabricated and pre-wired Certifications/Approvals: Up to C3 environmental corrosivity conditions

Warranty: 10-year warranty for the USA. Module warranty provided separately by module manufacturers

Tamarack Solar Products

Product: Tamarack Solar FM Racking System

Application: Roof-mount, ground-mount, pole-mount

Angle: Flush

Material: Aluminum, steel, plastic

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre- and postassembly

Certifications/Approvals: Listed to UL 2703, US Patents Issued and Pending

Warranty: 25-year warranty

Metal Plus, LLC

Product: Metal Roofing Brackets & Safety Anchors

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: Adjustable

Material: Powder coated steel, anchor; aluminum extrusion with stainless steel D-ring

Pre- or Post-assembly: Some pre-assembly on anchor

Certifications/Approvals: Brackets; OSHA requirements with proper fall-arrest systems tie-downs and proper roof anchor, Anchor; OSHA 1910-140, ANSI/ASSE Z359.18, ISO Testing

Warranty: Up to 10-day full money back guarantee; after 10-days and up to 30-days, there is a 20% restocking fee

Opsun Systems, Inc.

Product: SunRail Bifacial

Application: Flat roof bifacial

Angle: 10° to 30 °

Material: Aluminum rails, stainless steel bolts

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly in option

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703, ASCE7-16, peer-reviewed Wind Tunnels for tall buildings

Warranty: 20-year warranty

SunBallast USA, LLC

Product: Ballasted racking for flat


Application: Roof-mount, groundmount

Angle: 5°, 10°

Material: Concrete

Pre- or Post-assembly: No assembly required

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703

Warranty: 25-year warranty

North American Clean Energy 39


PowerField Energy

Product: The PowerRack

Application: Ground-mount

Angle: 25°

Material: High-density polyethylene

Pre- or Post-assembly: No assembly required

Warranty: 10-year warranty

Key Features:

• Fast deployment;

• Durable design;

• Fully recyclable;

• No specialized labor or costly installation equipment;

• Made in the USA.


Nucor Steel

Product: Nucor Solar Pile

Application: Ground-mount

Material: Galvanized steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: ASTM steel grade and tolerances

Key Features:

• Lightweight foundation pile;

• Ease to drive;

• Decrease steel weight of entire system;

• Decrease shipping cost;

• Few processing steps.


Clark Rubber & Plastic

Product: Custom plastic and rubber components

Application: Roof, ground-mount, and utility-scale

Angle: Any

Material: Rubber and plastic

Warranty: To specification


Product: Racking system components

Application: All racking systems

Angle: Adjustable

Material: Nonferrous metals

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre- and post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: As requested

Warranty: Standard terms

Key Features:

• Based and manufactured in the USA;

• Comprehensive design/ engineering;

• Customized fabrication;

• Tailored packaging/kitting;

• Warehousing and logistical support.

40 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// THE RACK THAT’S READY WHEN MOTHER NATURE ATTACKS SNAP, SLIDE & SECURE ® SNAP, SLIDE & SECURE ® ® ® ® SNAP, SLIDE & SECURE ® by Pre-assembled components make assembly a snap! Adapts to work on a variety of roofs 860-773-4150


Product: RexRack Mounting System

Application: Roof-mount

Angle: 20° to 60° from horizontal

Material: AISI 6063 T6 anodized aluminum

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Warranty: 5-year finish warranty, 10-year parts warranty

Certifications/Approvals: Structural engineering report issued by Predictive Engineering, Inc.

AceClamp by PMC Industries, Inc.

Product: Solar Snap by AceClamp

Application: SSMR, concrete cover board, asphalt, membrane

Angle: Varies

Material: Aircraft quality aluminum, stainless steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Postassembly

Warranty: 20-year warranty

Key Features:

• Snap-fit provides fast and easy installation;

• Exceptionally strong racking system;

• Adjustable height and width fits multiple applications;

• Rigorous 3rd party testing ensures quality and performance.uivalent area via custom order.



Application: Ground-mount, residential and commercial

Angle: 15°/20° s, 10°e/w

Material: Aluminum, stainless steel

Pre- or Post-assembly: Pre-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: Wind tunnel tested, UL 2703 certified, salt spray tested

Warranty: 25-year product warranty

Solar Foundations USA

Product: SFUSA Ground Mount

Application: Adaptable ground screw fixed-tilt system designed for residential and commercial-scale projects

Angle: 0° to 45°

Material: Hot-dipped galvanized steel, aluminum, stainless-steel mounting hardware

Pre- or Post-assembly: Post-assembly

Certifications/Approvals: UL 2703

Warranty: 25- and 40-year warranties

North American Clean Energy 41 DESIGN | MANUFACTURING | INSTALLATION Ground Mounts | Roof Mounts | Carports Solar Structures made Simple 100% USA Steel Patents pending on industry changing products Request a quote today! | | (844) 757 - 7225 300 Woolley Drive, Marshall, Michigan 49068 DOUBLE STUD XL + ELECTRICAL PASSTHROUGH THE MOST INNOVATIVE SOLAR MOUNTING PRODUCTS EVER MADE

Wire Management

PV systems are installed in a variety of environments that create challenges for installers, especially when it comes to wire management. When installers take wire management seriously, they can create long lasting systems that require less maintenance over time. Proper organization, support, routing, and protection of the wiring is essential for a successful PV system. The following are some solutions that can make your wiring job much easier...



Product: Wire management flange integrated into the solar panel frame wall

Application: Module pigtails, homeruns, and MLPE

Material: Module’s aluminum frame wall Wire diameter range: .24" - .26" OD (6.1mm6.7mm) with custom sizing available

Maximum load weight: 30lb (13.6kg) direct, 25lb (11.3kg) at 45°, 12lb (5.4kg) peel

Warranty: Standard module warranty

Key Features:

• Fast and reliable wire management;

• Eliminates ground fault and corrosion issues;

• Eliminates clips, ties, waste, and O&M costs;

• Manage all wires within the array;

• Standard profile accepts module pigtails as well as SolarEdge and Enphase cables.


Gripple, Inc.

Product: Cable Routing System (Amp Air)

Application: Hanger

Material: Polycarbonate UV stabilized, with 5/64" G90 steel plate inserts

Wire diameter range: Cable capacity up to: 750 MCM ≈ 22, 250 MCM ≈ 48, 4/0 ≈ 70, 10 mm2 (8 AWG) ≈ 588, 6 mm2 (10 AWG) ≈ 1,170, and 4 mm2 (12 AWG) ≈ 1,460

Maximum load weight: 66lb (30kg)

Warranty: 30+ year design life

Key Features:

• Suspends power and data cables above ground, negating the labor to dig costly trenches;

• Fast to install, no large machinery required;

• Side-loading, slim profile, with swing gate;

• Single and double hanger versions available;

• Increased air flow versus tray.



Product: Fairlead

Application: Cable routing tool

Wire diameter range: Up to 12" (305mm)

Warranty: 90-day warranty against manufacturer


Key Features:

• Heavy-duty rollers;

• Up to 15' arm length;

• Fork pockets and skid-steer quick attach;

• Easily move cables to exactly where they are needed.

42 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// 1 (814) 472-5077 Above Ground Cable Management System with Integrated Grounding Proudly Manufactured by Persons with Disabilities in the USA Patent Protected: Simple to install. No special tools required. Effective in tracker, ballasted, and fixed installations.

Heyco Products Corp.

Product: Heyco-Tite Solar Masthead II Liquid Tight Cordgrips

Application: Solar cordgrip

Material: Nylon 6/6 with TPE sealing gland

Wire diameter range: .406" (10.3mm)

Certifications: UL E51579

Key Features:

• Solar Masthead II Cordgrips offer flexibility to use from 1 to 31 of the available holes while still providing a liquid tight seal around the wire;

• IP 68 Rated;

• Approved for NEMA 4, 4X, 6, and 6P applications;

• New SKUs available to accommodate #6AWG cables;

• Provides a watertight seal for PV module output leads to inverters and/or combiner boxes.

Snake Tray

Product: Solar Snake Mx XL

Application: Cable tray

Material: Lexan 940, pre-galvanized steel

Wire diameter range: Holds cables from 350-1250Kcmil

Maximum load weight: 65lb/ft supported every 30' Certifications: UL 2239

Warranty: 10-year warranty

Key Features:

• Maintains NEC 301.15 code-compliant cable separation to harvest up to 8% more energy;

• No trenching for safe operation and easy maintenance;

• No derating of cables required with the open-air design;

• Manages cables from 350-1250Kcmil;

• Mounts to any style of vertical pilings or poles;

• Made in the USA.

Stäubli Electrical Connectors

Product: MC4-Evo 2 Branch Connectors

Application: PV Connectors

Wire diameter range: 8 - 14 AWG

Certifications: IEC 62852 and UL 6703; UL certified according UL6703 E343181

Key Features:

• Plug-and-play, no crimping or torquing necessary;

• Versatility and compact dimensions;

• Mating compatibility with original MC4 and MC4-Evo 2 cable connectors ;

• Resistance to salt mist spray;

• Proven MULTILAM Technology with high longterm stability which ensures consistently low performance loss throughout the entire service life of the connector;

• DC 1500V according to IEC 62852 and UL 6703

Nelco Products

Product: Cable ties, solar cable clips

Application: Clip, cable tie, wire management

Now available in 2 sizes to best suit your needs

Load rated to 50 pounds

Opening/Closing function means NO NEED TO EVER REPLACE

Round material = no sharp edges ever coming in contact with cables

North American Clean Energy 43 CONTACT US NFI-Hanger GROUND MOUNT WIRE MANAGEMENT 233A South Street Hopkinton, MA 01748 For FREE product samples, please reach out to Vin Marino or 844-856-1276 844-856-1276
Most cost-effective ground mount wire management option on the market!


CAB Solar

Product: Solar cable management with integrated grounding

Application: Above-ground cable management system for tracker, ballasted, or fixed-tilt projects

Material: High tensile strength, class 3 galvanized steel wire, coated with flame retardant, corrosion resistant, high dielectric grade, UV stabilized Plastisol

Certifications: ETL Safety Listed by Intertek to UL 2703, UL 2239, UL 1565

Key Features:

• Quick and easy to install, helps lower project cost;

• Safely supports and separates all types of cabling, reduces labor time, makes troubleshooting easy;

• Can provide both EGC and GEC, simplifies design, saves on engineering cost.


One Monroe Titan

Product: Solar cable management

Application: Clip, hanger

Material: Stainless steel

Wire diameter range: .13" - .28" (3.30mm - 7.11mm)

Key Features:

• Integrated design allows for easy insertion by hand;

• 13mm panel thickness range allows for multiple applications;

• Double-compression design that accommodates various sizes of wire and cable;

• Presents a high extraction force for withstanding extreme conditions.


Product: WCH Line

Application: Wire management hangers

Material: 304 stainless or galvanized steel

Wire diameter range: 1" (24.5mm), 1.5" (38.1mm), 2" (50.8mm)

Certifications: UL1565


Product: Torque Tube Ratchet Clamp

Application: Torque tube routing

Material: PA66HIRHSUV

Wire diameter range: 0.25" to 2" (6mm to 51mm)

Maximum load weight: 25lb (11.3kgs)

44 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

Tracking Systems


An advanced mounting system for photovoltaic panels, solar trackers maximize the sun’s energy by tracking its progress across the sky. Versatile enough to provide highly efficient solutions for both large and small projects, solar trackers can generate more electricity in the same area as their fixed-tilt counterparts. Below, we explore some of the solar tracking systems available on the market today...


Tracker Name: SFOne

Type of Tracker: Dual-row single-axis tracker

Drive System: Enclosed slewing drive, dc motor

Tracker Length: Up to 246' (75m)

Tracker Height: 7’9'' (2.4m) dependent on module

Pile Count: 18 piles per 120 modules

Modules per Row: 2 rows of 60 modules

Module Mount: Omega rails with rivets, bolts, or clamps

Slope Tolerance: Configurable

Tracking Range: Up to 120°

Standard Configuration: 2 rows 1x60

Preventative Maintenance Required: Visual inspection Certifications: UL 3703, IEC 62617, EN 1090, IEC 61326-1

Key Features:

• Smart, limited shadowing with TeamTrack Algorithm;

• Cost-effective;

• No special parts or installation operations;

• Robust, full wireless system;

• Dy-Wind implemented.


PV Hardware

Tracker Name: Axone Duo

Type of Tracker: Single-axis

Drive System: Slew drive dual row

Tracker Length: 262' (80m) maximum

Tracker Height: 3.9' (1.2m) adjustable

Pile Count: 19 piles per 128 modules

Modules per Row: 64

Module Mount: Rails or clamps, adjustable

Slope Tolerance: Within same tracker

14% n/s, 8% e/w

Tracking Range: 60º

Standard Configuration: 128 module tracker, 9 piles external, 10 piles internal

Preventative Maintenance Required:


Tracker Power Consumption: 24Vdc self-powered Certifications: UL3703, IEC62817

Key Features:

• Bifacial optimized;

• Wind tunnel tested;

• PV cleaner tested;

• High adaptability;

• In-house design and manufacturing.

Key Features:

• True terrain-following: up to +/- 10% every table;

• Adaptable table lengths for increased layout and design flexibility;

• No heavy or specialized equipment required, low component count, reduced labor requirements;

• Independent rows reducing O&M cost, high density, long rows, and minimal gaps, compatible with multiple foundation types, and simple roll-formed sections;

• Meets and exceeds rigorous automotive testing standards, and powered by Polar Racking.

Polar Racking

Tracker Name: Axsus Sol-X

Type of Tracker: Horizontal table-based single-axis tracker

Drive System: Independently driven row 24Vdc motor

Tracker Length: 24.4m

Tracker Height: 1.5 - 1.9m

Pile Count: 3 piles per 24 modules

Modules per Row: Up to 180, 72 cell modules per controller and motor

Module Mount: UL2703 listed top clamps or nut and bolt, compatible with all module types

Slope Tolerance: +/- 10% within the table and up to 5% between tables

Tracking Range: 120°

Standard Configuration: Up to 180 individual 72-cell modules per controller and motor

Preventative Maintenance Required: None

Tracker Power Consumption: 90kWp per tracker row

Certifications: UL2703 listed top clamps, system voltage: ETL certified, conforms to UL 2703 and ULC ORD 1703 (mechanical, electrical)

AllEarth Renewables

Type of Tracker: Dual-axis Drive System: GPS-based tracking powered by a hydraulic power unit Tracker Length: 20' to 25' (6.09m to 7.62m), depending on tracker model and panels used

Tracker Height: 18' to 20' (5.48m to 6.09m), depending on tracker model and panels used

Pile Count: Simply supported on a single mono-pole

Modules per Row: 20 or 24 panels total

Module Mount: Rail and clamp system

Slope Tolerance: Maximum 10% grade

Tracking Range: Yaw range 0° to 360°. Tilt range 0° horizontal to 60° off horizontal Standard Configuration: 4 columns x 5 rows, or 4 columns x 6 rows, depending on tracker model. Panels in landscape orientation

Preventative Maintenance Required: Greasing main gear every 3 years, hydraulic fluid change every 10 years. Annual inspection recommended

Tracker Power Consumption: Approximately 50kWh per year

Array Technologies

Tracker Name: Array OmniTrac

Type of Tracker: Horizontal single-axis

Drive System: Rotating gear drive connected by drivelines

Tracker Length: Up to 400' (122m)

Tracker Height: 54" (1.3m) standard, adjustable; 48” (1.2m) min. height above grade

Pile Count: 13-15 piles per row

Modules per Row: up to 120

Module Mount: Single fastener, high-speed mounting clamps with integrated grounding. Traditional rails for crystalline in landscape, custom racking for thin film and frameless crystalline and bifacial per manufacturer specs

Slope Tolerance: Up to 8.5° n/s standard (up to 15° optional) and up to 1° slope change in torque tube (Up to 6" pile to pile height variation)

Tracking Range: +/-52°

Standard Configuration: 1P

Preventative Maintenance Required: None required

Tracker Power Consumption: ~310kWh per MW

Certifications: Certified to UL 3703 and IEC 62817

46 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

Solargik, Ltd.

Tracker Name: VersaTrak

Type of Tracker: Single-axis

Drive System: Stepper motor, proprietary controller

Tracker Length: 47.5' to 93.2' (14.5m to 28.4m)

Tracker Height: 5' (1.5m)

Pile Count: 4 to 7 poles per tracker, 300-450 poles per MW (typical)

Modules per Row: 8 to 24

Module Mount: C or I shape

Slope Tolerance: Up to 30% n/s, any slope e/w

Tracking Range: 120° (±60°), 155° (-60° to 95°)

Standard Configuration: 2 landscape

Preventative Maintenance Required:

None required

Tracker Power Consumption: Idle 1.5W

standard motion, 5W maximum: ~15W ~13kWh/year/tracker

Certifications: ANSI, NEMA, NFPA, IEC, UL, CE

GP JOULE North America

Tracker Name: PHLEGON SAT 3L, 1P

Type of Tracker: Horizontal single-axis tracker

Drive System: Linear electrical actuator

Tracker Length: 78' to 300' (24m to 120m)

Tracker Height: 3L: 10’ (3.1m); 1P: 8’5'' (2.4m)

Pile Count: 150 (3L) to 225 (1P) piles/MW

Modules per Row: 48 to 120 (2 to 4 strings)

Module Mount: Z rails with fasteners, easy access

Slope Tolerance: Up to 15° n/s

Tracking Range: 3L 90° (±45°), 1P 100° (±50°)°

Standard Configuration: 3L (400, 500 series modules), 1P (600 series modules)

Preventative Maintenance Required:

Annual visual and sample torque, low count of fasteners, no lubrication

Certifications: UL 3703, UL 2703, CSA-LTR

Sun and Steel Solar, LLC

Tracker Name: The Better Mousetrap of Trackers

Type of Tracker: Horizontal single-axis

Drive System: Slew drive, wire cable, 2 half pulleys leveraged 8:1

Tracker Length: 216' (66m)

Tracker Height: 6.5' (2m)

Pile Count: 10 pre row

Modules per Row: 120 large format

Module Mount: Sloped rails for +/-5° PV tilt

Slope Tolerance: Yes

Tracking Range: 60°

Standard Configuration: 4L, 2P, 3L, 2L, 1P

Preventative Maintenance Required:


Tracker Power Consumption: Decimal dust

Moser, LLC

Tracker Name: Konza Solar Tracker

Type of Tracker: Dual-axis Drive System: Sun following, diffuse light tracking, electric actuators with closed loop control

Tracker Height: 9' minimum pole height

Pile Count: 1 pole per tracker

Module Mount: Commercial railing systems

Slope Tolerance: Yes

Tracking Range: Continuous 360° hemispheric range of motion

Standard Configuration: 3x4 rectangular/square array

Powerful Partnerships Drive Solar Project Success

Required: Clean sensor lens, annual inspection

Tracker Power Consumption: 5.6kWh/year/tracker

Certifications: PE stamp as needed

As a PV pioneer, Terrasmart prides itself on beating industry install averages by up to 80%. Terrasmart’s design, engineering and construction teams remain in close communication with its partners to deliver optimal solutions that fit each client’s unique project needs.

Visit to download our most recent case study about ‘Powerful Partnerships’ and learn how our collaboration and expertise with long-time partner led to a shared project success!

North American Clean Energy 47
Image provided by ReVision Energy


Valmont Solar

Tracker Name: Convert-1P

Type of Tracker: Horizontal Single Axis Drive System: Linear actuator, AC hard wired

Tracker Length: 78' - 140' (24m - 43m)

Tracker Height: 4' - 6' (1.2m - 1.8m)

Pile Count: 5-7 piles per tracker (5-7 piles per string, 5-7 modules per pile)

Modules per Row: 24-108 typical (up to 3 trackers can be connected together into 1 continuous row)



Tracker Name: TerraTrak

Type of Tracker: Single-axis

Drive System: Independent row design 12Vdc motorized slew drive

Tracker Length: 132' (40m)

Tracker Height: 8' (2.5m)

Pile Count: 8 piles per 78 modules; 10 modules per pile

Modules per Row: 78

Module Mount: Rails (AKA purlins); 2 modules per purlin

Key Features:

• Made-In-USA Domestic Content steel and price stability;

• 15+ years of field experience;

• Short rows decrease torsion, eliminating dampers and other modifications while allowing close terrain following and layout density;

• Fully balanced tracker table compensates for module weight load, optimizing steel, and increase system life;

• Compatible with all manufacturers and module sizes.

Trina Solar

Tracker Name: TrinaTracker

Vanguard 1P

Type of Tracker: Single-row, single axis tracker

Drive System: Slewing drive

Tracker Length: 361' (110m)

Tracker Height: Adjustable

Module Mount: Rails with bolts or rails with clamps

Slope Tolerance: Up to 7% standard in e/w, unlimited in n/s. Up to 14% in e/w configurable.

Tracking Range: +/- 60°

Standard Configuration: 1-in-Portrait (1P)

Preventative Maintenance Required: None

Tracker Power Consumption: 60kwh/ MW-year (AC, 240Vac, single phase)

Certifications: UL 2703, 3703, IC 357. ISO 9001, 14001, 45001, 50001. Wind Tunnel Testing by RWDI

Key Features:

• Adaptable frame can accommodate 20% n/s slopes, undulating typography, and up to 135mph wind speeds;

• Durable foundations that handle tough and frost susceptible soils;

• Proprietary PeakYield technology and controls provide real-time performance monitoring to boost visibility and maximize energy production;

• Predictive analytics and machine learning reduce downtime and maximize energy output;

• Onsite weather station, integrated weather API, and automatic stow protect assets from inclement weather.

Stracker Solar

Slope Tolerance: n/s 20%, e/w


Tracking Range: +/- 60°

Standard Configuration: 78 module row; interior row with 7 foundations, exterior row with 9 foundations

Preventative Maintenance Required: Biannual greasing of worm gear

Tracker Power Consumption: Self powered tracker

Certifications: UL 2703/3703

Controls Tested to MIL Spec 810-G

Pile Count: ~285-295 piles/MW

Modules per Row: 68 - 80 per row

Module Mount: Bolts, rivets, clamps

Slope Tolerance: n/s 20°

Tracking Range: ±60°

Standard Configuration: 1-in-portrait, up to 90 modules per tracker (1500V string)

Preventative Maintenance Required: Low

Tracker Power Consumption: DC motor: 0.15kW

Certifications: TUV, IEC, UL

True Terrain-Following Experience

Polar Racking offers best-in-class solar ground mount racking solutions. Designed for undulating terrain and engineered to last, our solutions can be deployed even on the most challenging sites.

Tracker Name: Stracker Models

S1A, S1B

Type of Tracker: Dual-axis

Drive System: All-electric drive-core

Tracker Length: 20' to 32' (6m to 9.8m)

Tracker Height: 20' to 30' (6m to 9.1m)

Pile Count: 1 pole pier

Modules per Row: 4

Module Mount: Steel rail and bolts

Slope Tolerance: 45°

Tracking Range: 180° to 240° azimuth

Standard Configuration: Landscape

Preventative Maintenance Required: Annual lubrication

Tracker Power Consumption: 55kwh/year

Certifications: UL 3703 Listed


Tracker Name: Horizon L:TEC 1P

Type of Tracker: Horizontal single-axis

Drive System: Decoupled drive technology, high accuracy slew gear

Tracker Length: up to 835' (260m)

Tracker Height: 8' (2.4m) standard

Pile Count: 5 posts for a typical 30 module string

Modules per Row: 240

Module Mount: Rails, nuts, and bolts or rivets, clamps upon request

Slope Tolerance: Up to 36%

Tracking Range: 55° standard, 60° on request

Standard Configuration: 28 modules/string

Preventative Maintenance Required:

Ideematec provides maintenance schedule which includes mostly visual inspections. No greasing of the motors, sprocket, or any other component

Tracker Power Consumption: Depends on site configuration

Certifications: UL 3703

48 | 1-833-801-5233

baȷa - Building a Better World today

Every day we conduct our business we want to be the best we can be; seizing the opportunity to participate in creating the world we want for tomorrow. Our Mission, Vision, Values, and Purpose are what help shape that future. The world we want tomorrow starts with how we do business today. Excellence, Execution Exceeding Expectations: Thinking Globally - Acting Locally. we call it “The baȷa way” !

baȷa builds them better with in-house Sales, Design, Engineering, Project Management, and Installation Crews for over 40+ years.

• Built better Nationwide by our own Certified baȷa Construction Teams

• No field welding, all materials arrive on site Pre-Fabricated

• Fully integrated solutions with in-house baȷa Engineers

by Families, Owned & Operated by Family Founded
in service to a better world tomorrow.
Snow Loads from 20psf to 100psf – Wind Speed Rated to 175 mph
Now is the time to Experience the baȷa way Owner and founder of baȷa, builds his own Solar RV & Boat Storage facility in Oakley, CA that produces 3.5 MW
Over 40+MW built
Lots into Sustainable Solutions! ADVERTORIAL North American Clean Energy 49
Transforming Parking

Solar Structures & Carports


Solar power carports and structures take full advantage of large areas, such as parking lots, for the purpose of producing electricity while, at the same time, providing shade and a covered area for users. Gaining popularity over recent years, these solar structures are ideal for generating renewable power without sacrificing valuable real estate. The following listing offers details about some of the more popular options available on the market today...


Green Source EPC


Product: T L & Y Design

Roof inclination: 7°

Height clearance: 14' minimum clearance

Depth: 20/40

Space-to-Column ratio: 22' - 26'

Configuration: T, Y, L style

Options: Cantilever up to two modules wide

EV charging: Optional

Panel type: All panels including First Solar Certifications: UL 2703

Key Features:

• Made in the USA domestic certification;

• Foundation cages and J bolts included with spacer jigs for pinpoint location;

• Signed and sealed engineering;

• Free preliminary design.

MT Solar

Product: Solar carport

Roof inclination: Tilt angle from 0° to 90°, seasonally adjustable

Height clearance: 8' and higher

Depth: One row, dependent on PV modules specified

Space-to-Column ratio: Pole spacing options: 15', 17', 19.75', 22.5'

Configuration: Parking can be north / south or east / west

Options: 3 duty classes for local snow and wind loads

EV charging: Sourced separately

Panel type: Sold separately

Power Generated: Dependent on PV modules specified

Certifications: Stamped engineering available in 50 states

Building Quality Steel Canopies For 35 Years

Product: Longspan | Beam System

Roof Inclination: 0° to 5°

Height clearance: 9' - 14'

Depth: Up to 100'

Space-to-Column ratio: Typically 3 to 1

Configuration: Steel, galvanized, beam

Options: Flush-mount, raised pier footing

EV charging: Can accommodate EV charger mounting

Panel type: Suitable for all major brand modules

Power Generated: Can accommodate any requirements

Key Features:

• Can cover two parallel parking rows and an internal drive aisle;

• Designed by experienced engineers and architects;

• Can accommodate EV charger mounting.

BLIKIR Carports

Product: Residential Solar Carport

Roof inclination: 5°

Height clearance: 9'

Depth: Up to 22' deep coverage.

Space-to-Column ratio: Space between columns is 18’. 4 columns for 1 to 2 cars

Configuration: Up to 6 panels in landscape orientation per column (up to 24 panels total per carport)

Options: 1 or 2 car structures, variety of colors, shared columns connect multiple units, watertight surfacing using T-Gasket, solar LED safety lights, decorative mesh

EV charging: Yes, designed with prefabricated holes for Enel X EV Chargers, compatible with any charger

Panel type: Accepts any framed solar panel. Up to (24) 60-cell or (18) 72-cell solar panels

Power Generated: 24 x 60/120 cell panels (8.6kW @ 360W) or 18 x 72/144 cell panels (8.1kW @ 450W)

Certifications: ASCE/SEI 7-10, ASCE/SEI 7-16, IBC-2015, IBC-2018

50 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// (520) 531-9224
We Design-Build To Our Customer’s Needs
BY: Join conversations with industry buyers, suppliers, distributors, consultants, and more to explore solutions, exchange ideas, and discover new technologies. JW MARRIOTT AUSTIN AUSTIN, TX REGISTER TODAY!



Product: Surface Lot Canopy

Roof inclination: 5° to 10°

Height clearance: Varies per project

Depth: Varies per project

Space-to-Column ratio: Varies per project

Configuration: Any

Options: Water management (decking, gutter, downspout), painted/epoxy coated finish, facia trim, snow/ice guard, raise column

EV charging: Yes

Panel type: Compatible with all commercially available module type

Power Generated: Varies per project

Certifications: UL 2703


Park ’n Shade

Product: Solar carports and solar canopies

Roof inclination: 0° to 15°

Height clearance: 9' typical, 30' maximum

Depth: Up to 90'

Space-to-Column ratio: 18' to 36'

Configuration: Portrait or landscape


Options: Sheet metal roofing, raised concrete pedestals

EV charging: Can be integrated into the canopies

Panel type: Any standard aluminum framed module

Key Features:

• Pre-project planning with geotechnical analysis identifies installation risks up front ensuring on budget and on time completion;

• Optimized scheduling resulting in less disruptions on site;

• Custom layouts to optimize space, enhance functionality, and reduce energy costs;

• Creative design and engineering teams create modern solutions that fit any business and budget;

• Trusted experience in manufacturing and installation results in optimized projects with short lead times and less risk.

Inovateus Solar

Product: Solar Carport

Roof inclination: 7°

Height clearance: 14'6"

Space-to-Column ratio: 18'

Configuration: East/West

Facing V-Shaped

Options: Architectural options, roofing, lighting

EV Charging: Available

Panel type: Canadian Solar including bi-facial frameless

Power generated: 15516 MWh/ year

Key Features:

• Value-engineered steel solar canopies to maximize cost-effectiveness and speed of installation;

• In-house fabrication to optimize quality control prior to mobilization;

• Bolted connections to limit field welding and decrease installation time;

• Canopies are custom engineered to meet local building codes and built around each individual parking lot's unique layout;

• Self-performed installations to ensure a high level of quality control and customer satisfaction.


Kinetic Solar

Product: Solar Carport

Roof inclination: 10°

Height Clearance: 7.2'

Depth: 20'

Space-to-Column ratio: Single carport occupies 2 parking spots (min 8.8' parking spot width)

Configuration: 24 Panels, landscape

Options: Off-grid with battery, gridtied with FIT (non-roo'op), and netmetering

Key Features:

• Level III fast DC chargers with battery option can be integrated with larger carports;

• Durable, modular, easy installation;

• Engineered to withstand over 150mph winds;

• No loss of parking spots;

• Innovative foundation solution with no excavation.

EV Charging: Level I or II EV chargers to charge up to 2 vehicles

Panel Type: Can accommodate any panel

Power Generated: 6.85kW system size. The installation is an off-grid setup with batteries from Canadian Energy.

52 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///



Every carport project is unique, as multiple factors can impact the PV layout and structural design.

• Parking lot orientation and space

• City/County/State Regulations

• ASCE Hazard & Structural Guidelines

No matter what variables arise, our executive engineering team will design a system that offers you the most cost effective solution for your project.

Genmounts™ has become the industry standard for nonpenetrating ballasted solar racking and the brand has now solidified it ’s groundmount and carport products and services. Our PV racking systems have won over design professionals and installers with rapid install times and quality engineered features.

North American Clean Energy 53



Polar Racking

Product: Polar Shield Solar Carports

Roof inclination: Custom tilt angles available

Height clearance: Flexible height clearance

Depth: Fully configurable

Space-to-Column ratio: Optimize span from 2-4 parking spots

Configuration: Multiple foundation types and designs with mono- and dual-slopes available

Options: Water management, snow guards, powder coating, EV charging, and installation services

EV charging: Yes

Panel type: Fits multiple panel sizes

Power Generated: Varies based on site conditions


Baja Carports

Product: Plate to Plate Full Cantilever Solar Ready

Roof inclination: Roof tilt angle of 5° to 10°

Height Clearance: 7' to 14'

Depth: Covers two rows of parking, provides maximum vehicle clearance and maximum space coverage

Space-to-Column ratio: 2:1 typical

Configuration: Pre-fabricated galvanized steel with bolted connections, purlins directly attached to beams. No additional racking system required

Key Features:

• Robust design for areas with heavy wind, snow, or rain;

• Fully configurable to the shape of the site with mono and dual slope options; single and double row, long span, and custom options;

• Optimized to the site with custom designs for geographical loads and building codes, spans between posts, and multiple foundation options;

• Weather protected and water management solutions available including down spouts, gutters, durable galvanized steel (G90-G235), and corrosion resistant hardware;

• Full customer support from a dedicated account manager and engineering field support.

Key Features:

• Covers two (2) rows of parking, provides maximum vehicle clearance and maximum space coverage;

• Engineered to meet live loads up to 60psf and wind speeds to 160mph per local jurisdiction building codes;

• Maximizes solar panel production and coverage in either portrait or landscape to achieve and meet property’s project’s needs;

• All steel components are prefabricated for fast assembly and installation on-site;

• Custom engineering allows for compatibility with all solar panel sizes and manufacturers. SEE SEE

Solar Mounts, LLC

Product: Solar Carports

Roof Inclination: 7° standard tilt

Height clearance: 14' standard

Depth: Up to 46', long spans available

Space-to-Column ratio: 3:1

Configuration: Portrait

Options: L, T, Y, A frames, custom long spans available

Panel type: Adaptable to any module industry wide

Key Features:

• 100% USA Steel;

• Manufactured in-house;

• Hot dipped galvanized steel 4 components with universal mounting brackets;

• Low manufacturing lead times;

• PE stamped drawings provided.

Key Features:

Options: Tapered or straight beams, wideflange (W beam) or structural steel [HSS] columns, trim fascia, and can be painted on-site. Additionally, the Full Cantilever T is compatible for accessories (installed by others), EV stations, and LED lights. Its columns can be acceptable for either wrapped columns or concrete bollards

Panel type: Neutral, can design engineered to any panel size

Power generated: Based on module vendor selection, orientation (portrait or landscape), and location. Baja can accommodate proposed PV layout specifications and improved integration

Certifications: Licensed (registered) general contractor. Licensed (registered) engineers. Baja Carports has the credentials to work in all 50 states

Orion Carport Systems & Construction, Inc.

Product: Orion's Carport Design

Roof Inclination: 0° to 10°

Height clearance: 9' (higher clearance is available)

Depth: Determined by structural engineer

Space-to-Column ratio: Determined by structural engineer

Configuration: Semi-Cantilever, T-Structure, Custom Canopy

EV charging: Optional

Panel type: Compatible with all modules

Power generated: Dependent on module

Certifications: DSA Approved

• Cost effective design that eliminates welding, the need for welding inspections, and reduces construction time;

• All Galvanized framework; no painting required;

• Aesthetically pleasing;

• Installed at commercial locations, including universities and corporations;

• DSA Approved.

54 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

Structural Solar LLC

Product: Solar Carports, canopies, pavilions, ground-mounts

Roof Inclination: 0° to 25°

Height Clearance: Unlimited

Depth: Up to 60'

Space-to-Column ratio: Columns typically on 27' centers

Configuration: All types

Options: Architectural options, roofing, lighting, charging stations

EV Charging: Yes

Panel Type: All types of modules including bifacial frameless modules in water management system

Power Generated: No limit

Certifications: AISC certified fabrication and coating

Solar Carports Direct

Product: Solar Structures

Roof inclination: 10° slope

Height clearance: 10'

Depth: 23'

Space-to-Column ratio: 27'

Kern Solar Structures

Product: Solar CarPort

Roof Inclination: 2°, 5°, 7°

Height clearance: 10' to 15'

Depth: 20' to 40'

Space-to-Column ratio: 2:1, 3:1, 4:1

Configuration: Single, double, inverted cantilever

Options: Custom options available

EV charging: Compatible with any charger

Panel type: Any framed PV module

Power Generated: Varies

Certifications: UL 2703, UL-467 bonding

Scarlet Solar

Product: TiltPort, solar-tracking carport

Roof inclination: from -25° to +25°

Height clearance: Up to 16'

Depth: 40' to 60' (covers 2 rows of parking, up to 10 cars)

Configuration: Prefabricated, Plug'n'Play, 35-60Kwp/unit

Options: Waterproof, bifacial, EV charging, snow optimized, microgrid, batteries

EV charging: Yes

Panel type: Panel agnostic

Power Generated: Up to 2400KWh/Kw

Certifications: Code compliant

Configuration: 3 x 12

Options: Seal between panels, color

EV charging: Possible

Panel type: Sunpower commercial

Power Generated: 450W

Cable Management Solutions

Gripple CR System

Our cable routing system for ground mounted solar arrays offers an above ground system that is easy to install, manage, and maintain on-site without the need to dig costly and invasive trenches.

North American Clean Energy 55
SCAN CODE TO WATCH INSTALLATION VIDEO Gripple Inc. 1611 Emily Lane Aurora, IL 60502 USA 1 866 474 7753 Visit us this year at RE+ Booth #349 to learn more about the CR range and our bracing and anchoring solutions.

Ground Screws


Ground screws are becoming the choice in foundation methods. They eliminate the need for concrete and allow foundations to be quickly set. The following highlights a variety of available options to suit different applications and soil conditions.



Product: Ground Screws Description: Terrasmart's ground screw has a spiral thread design that minimizes embedment depth and increases installation efficiency resulting in significant reduced costs. The patented, forged tip allows the screw to be seamlessly and accurately installed in any soil condition.

Surface Treatment: Hot-dipped galvanized

Thickness: Wall thickness 0.145" (3.7mm)

Length: 114" (2896mm)

Flange Size: 3" (76mm) diameter

Key Features:

• Patented, forged tip allows the screw to be accurately installed;

• Suitable for challenging terrain with high risk of refusal, corrosion, or frost heave;

• Can be installed in tough soil environments including bed rock, caliche, volcanic rock, and glacial till;

• Spiral thread design minimizes embedment depth, increasing installation efficiency;

• Built tough to eliminate subsurface risks and accelerate project timelines.

Ground Connection, LLC

Product: Foundation ground screws

Description: Customized ground screws for almost any size pole used in solar LED lighting and can be installed in minutes.

Material: ASTM A 501 galvanized steel

Thickness: Up to .39" (10mm)

Length: Up to 82.68" (2100mm)

Flange Size: Varies

Thread Pitch: Varies

Threads: Varies

Gripple Inc.

Product: PV Solar Anchoring Kit

Description: A specifically-engineered solution designed to create a fast, strong, and lightweight foundation for ground-mounted solar arrays that protects against wind, storms, earth movements, and temperature expansion/contraction. Replacing concrete ballast, and installed with hand tools, the anchoring kits are suitable for all soil types as well as installations in uneven, difficult terrain and even shallow depths. Kit contains a pre-ferruled cable attached to a ground anchor, and a fastener/tensioner to secure.

Material: Corrosion-resistant Type ZA2 Zinc Anchor, ZnAL coated cable, and ZA2 Zinc


Thickness: 1/8" (3.175mm), 5/32" (3.97mm), or 1/4" (6.35mm) cable diameter

Length: 10' (3m) or 16' (4.9m) cable lengths

Key Features:

• Lightweight and durable;

• Easy to install, ready-to-use kits;

• No heavy machinery or concrete needed;

• Anchor kits load rated up to 3860lb;

• Time, labor, and cost savings advantages.

American Earth Anchors

Product: PE46-Hex8

Description: 46" aluminum screw anchor that can replace concrete footings. The 8" extended hex head comes with two 3/8" clear holes for direct mounting of a 2" schedule 40 pipe. The PE46-Hex8 screws in and out with an impact wrench for easy leveling, will not rust, and weighs only 12lbs.

Milspec Earth Anchors

Product: Solar Helical Pier

Description: Solar pier with helical plate is a foundation alternative to cement or driven H-beam. Milspec’s solar helical pier allows for greater loads and has an extremely high pullout resistance. With a 50-year minimum lifespan, they are easily removed and can be reused.

Material: API pipe

Surface Treatment: Hot-dipped galvanized

Material: Heat treated aluminum

Thickness: 1.75" (4.45cm) shaft

Length: 54" (137cm)

Flange Size: 4" (10.16cm)

Thread Width: 3" (7.62cm)

Thread Pitch: 2.25” (5.72cm)

Threads: 17

Diameter: 2 3/8" (6.03cm), 2 7/8" (7.3cm), 3 1/2" (8.89cm), or larger if needed

Thickness: .190w to .337w

Length: 5' to 10' (1.5m to 3m) as needed

Flange Size: As required

Thread Pitch: 3" (7.62cm)

Threads: 1 to 3 helices

56 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

APA Solar Racking

Product: A-Frame Tracker Foundation

Description: The A-Frame Tracker Foundation makes installing solar tracker systems on sites with difficult soils and topography economical, while providing a ground screw or helical option. The ground screw allows trackers to be installed on sites with rock, bedrock, glacial till, or caliche soils fast and cost effectively. On sites with soft, organic or sandy soils, helicals are a solution.

Material: Hot dipped galvanized, ASTM 123

Surface Treatment: Hot dipped galvanized, ASTM 123

Outside Diameter: ~3" (~7.62cm)

Length: Up to 30" (762mm) with telescoping posts

Key Features:

• Standard I-beam section for compatible tracker connection;

• Leveling flanges keep the A-Frame plum and level;

• Helical piles for soft soils, ground screws for hard soils;

• Lightweight overall hardware;

• Shallow embedment depths allow for less chances of hitting underground obstructions.


Product: SGN pipe screw

Description: The Stopdigging SGN pipe screw is designed to hold tube within itself and is a suitable foundation for solar rack installation. The model is available in several sizes depending on requirements. Four M12 threaded fastening holes assures secure fastening and adjustability of both round and square tubes.

Williams Form Engineering Corp.

Product: Foundation Anchor Bolts

Description: Williams Form Engineering Corp’s product line includes micropiles, all-thread bar, Geo-Drill, and multi-strand earth anchors

Material: Grade 75, Grade 80, 150 KSI Threaded Bar

Thickness: Varies

Length: Up to 50ft

Flange Size: Varies

Thread Pitch: Varies

Threads: Varies

American Ground Screw, Inc.

Product: Ground Screws and Helical Piles

Description: American Ground Screw solutions effectively anchor ground mount solar systems without concrete footings. Specified by IronRidge and other major racking systems, adaptable to any terrain, and with inventory to serve any project, American Ground Screw supplies ground screw products to the solar industry in North America.

Material: Q235B Steel

Thickness: 0.15" (3.75mm) standard

Length: 51" to 78" (1.3 to 2m) standard

Outside Diameter: 2" through 4.5" (150mm to 114mm)

Flange Size: Various

Thread width: 0.4"(10mm) standard

Thread Pitch: 1.57" (40mm) standard

Threads: Continuous weld, 24" to 35" (610mm to 880mm) standard

Key Features:

• ICC Certified;

• Extensive standard inventory and customorder options;

• Immediately loadable;

• Suitable for rocky soil or bedrock;

• Corrosion-resistant.

WORD Rock Drills

Product: Solar Drill Attachment

Material: Galvanized steel

Thickness: 2" to 5" (51mm to 127mm)

Length: 22" to 98" (559mm to 2489mm)

Reliance Piles, Inc.

Product: Ground screws, helical piles, driven piles, steel tubes

Description: 100% U.S. domestically produces piles

Material: Various

Outside Diameter: 2" to 12"

Thickness: 0.08" to 0.5"

Length: 2' to 20'

Thread Width: 0.4"

Thread Pitch: 1.57" or 2.36"

Threads: Continuous weld, varying lengths

Description: The Solar Drill Attachment is a rock drilling attachment designed to be used for the installation of ground screws and anchors. This machine attaches to the customers existing skid steer providing a fast, efficient, and economical solution for solar installation.

Key Features:

• A rock drill at its core, the torque capabilities of this machine is optimized for challenging soil conditions;

• Manufactured with a unique level of adaptability, this machine can be utilized in solar installations and other applications;

• Can easily be outfitted to combat refusal holes;

• Installation and drill training available for each machine.

North American Clean Energy 57

Metal Fabrication for Solar Structures

Customized shapes and formed structures designed to mount, secure, and support solar panels are a significant component to any reliable solar power project. This is where processes such as roll forming and extrusion come into play. The following highlights some of the main companies involved in metal fabrication processes for solar components and related support structures.


Nucor Steel

Process/Technology: PowerShingle

Solar Structures - Carport and Canopies. Steel manufacturer with building design and manufacturing capabilities

Materials: Steel

Key Features:

• 30 years of metal building engineering expertise;

• Watershedding technology that requires no sub roof;

• Can work with any purlin design;

• Fully customizable structure design;

• 100% USA manufactured from steel to panels.

Matenaer Energy Products

Process/Technology: Stamping, machining, laser cutting, bending/forming, manual welding, robotic welding, coating

Materials: Low carbon steel, high carbon steel, stainless, aluminum

Sizing: 0.0149” to 1" thickness

Shapes/Structures: coil, sheet, plate, angle, castings, channel, beam

Sierra Aluminum, a Division of Samuel, Son & Co.

Process/Technology: Aluminum extrusion, design, anodizing, paint, thermal improvements, fabrication, specialized packaging

Materials: 6000 series alloys (6005A, 6061, 6063)

Sizing: 7", 8", and 9" presses

Shapes/Structures: Solid and hollow profiles, tube, rod and bar, custom, and standard shapes

Alexandria Industries

Process/Technology: Custom aluminum extrusions; precision machining; bending and stretch forming; finishing; heatsinks; plastic injection and foam molding; assembly; and welding.

Materials: Aluminum alloys in the 6000 series: 6005A, 6060, 6061, 6063, 6082, 6463, and 6560. Machine materials: low/high carbon steels, alloy steel, stainless steels, aluminum, brass/bronzes, gray/ductile irons, and plastics. Injection molding materials: polypropylene; acetal; polyethylene; ABS; high density polyethylene; TPU; polyurethane; TPO; polycarbonate; TPE; nylon

Sizing: Aluminum extrusion press sizes: 3.5", 7", 10"

Shapes/Structures: Custom aluminum extruded shapes

Process/Technology: Gatorshield is produced and coated in-line using a proprietary Flo-Coat galvanizing process. This OD/ID triple coat process provides advanced corrosion protection, strength, and a smooth bright appearance that won’t chip or flake during fabrication

Materials: Wide variety of carbon steels including low-mid carbon steel grades, structural steels, and high strength low alloy grades

Sizing: Sizes range from 0.500" to 4.00"; gauges range from 0.035" to 0.180"

Shapes/Structures: Round, square, rectangle, oval, custom shapes available upon request

Key Features:

• Resists rust and corrosion;

• Exhibits a bright and smooth finish;

• Fabrication services including end forming, bending, punching, and laser cutting.

Johnson Bros Roll Forming Co.

Process/Technology: Modernized equipment and tooling designed to offer roll forming services with the latest automated technology, including: pre-notching; prepunching; cut-to-length; and post-fabricating, combined with the cut-length operations

Materials: All metals, including: ferrous and non-ferrous in either plain or pre-anodized; pre-painted; pre-laminated; pre-embossed; perforated; duplex; special alloy; pre-hard tempers; and more

Sizing: 0.005" to 0.150" thickness, and coil widths up to 20" wide before forming; maximum height of profiles 5.25" in the vertical axis

Shapes/Structures: Profiles; panel frames; reflectors; trim; support structure framing; Hat shapes; C-channels; U-channels; Zees; rings; and many other custom shapes for solar components

58 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///
SOLAR SPOTLIGHT: TRAINING North American Clean Energy 59


Pile Driving

Solar pile driving systems are changing the future of ground-mount solar installations. What used to take days or weeks can now be completed in hours, saving time and, more importantly, money on solar field installations. Here are some of the solar pile driving systems available on the market today...


Key Features:

• Side Shift, +/- 5";

• Tilt: +10º, -45º;

• Slew: +/-15º;

Hercules Machinery

Product: STR20

Operating weight: ~19,500lb (~8845kg)

Column inclination: 40°

Lateral inclination: 15°


Make & Model: Yanmar

Power (hp & kw): 74.9hp

EPA Certification: Tier 4 Final

Hydraulic system

Hydraulic tank capacity: 80gal (302L)

Oil flow rate: 30GPM

Oil pressure: 3000 max

Fuel tank capacity: 30gal (113.5L)

Hammer Model: IH1250

Hammer weight: 2000lb (907kg)

Blows (n/min): 570 - 1180bpm

Maximum post size Side: 10" (25.4cm)

• 360º rotation;

• 3 attachment options and GPS ready.


Product: PD10R

Operating weight: 15.560lb (7058kg)

Transport height: 108" (2.7m)

Transport width: 101" (2.6m)

Transport length: 122" (3.1m)


Make & Model: Deutz D2.9 L4

Power: 49hp (36.5kw)

Noise Rating: 123dBa

EPA Certification: Tier 4 Final (EU family stage IIIA)

Hydraulic system

Hydraulic tank capacity: 35gal (132L)

Fuel tank capacity: 18gal (95L)


Model: High frequency hammer (950 J)

Maximum post size

Height: 240" (6.1m)

Side: 6'7" x 9'3" (17cm x 23.6cm) in rectangle opening

Gayk North America

Product: HRE5000

Operating weight: 11,025lb (5001kg)

Transport height: 8'2" (2.5m)

Transport width: 7'22" (2.2m)

Transport length: 20'34" (6.2m)

Column inclination: 20°

Lateral inclination: 20°


Make & Model: Hatz 3H50TIC

Power: 564hp (42kw) 12V

Noise Rating: 117db

EPA Certification: EPA Tier IV

Hydraulic system

Hydraulic tank capacity: 60gal (227L) with return filter

Oil pressure: 180bar

Fuel tank capacity: 150gal (568L) diesel


Model: Epic IM405 with Nitrogen Kit

Hammer weight: 1397lb (634kg)

Blows (n/min): 530 - 1050

Maximum post size

Height: 20' (6.1m)

Side: 9" x 9" (23cm x 23cm)

WORD Rock Drills

Product: Mazaka MW1200 Pile Driver

Operating weight: 10,472lb (4750kg)

Transport height: 7.5' (2.3m)

Transport length: 13.8' (4.2m)

Column inclination: 10° angle of mast forward; 65° angle of mast backwards

Engine Make & Model: Yanmar

Power: 47.6hp (35.5kw)

Hydraulic system

Hydraulic tank capacity: 53gal (200L)

Oil flow rate: 21gal (80L)

Oil pressure: 180bar

Fuel tank capacity: 13gal (50L)


Joule rating: 1450Nm

Maximum post size

Height: 20' (6.1m)

Key Features:

• Provides stability and makes quick work installing piles of large dimensions;

• Standard models from 15' to 20' (4.6m to 6.1m) in height;

• Can also be equipped with a double extension mast;

• Available pre-drilling system for rock drilling with DTH or Auger.


Product: MAZAKA MW1200 Pile Driving Machine

Operating weight: 9921lb

Transport height: 7'

Transport width: 13'

Transport length: 7'

Column inclination: 10° / 65°

Lateral inclination: 10° / 10°


Make & Model: Yanmar 4TNV88CDYEH2

Power: 35.5kW

Noise Rating: 108db

EPA Certification: MYDXL02.2NDA-019

Hydraulic system

Hydraulic tank capacity: 200L

Oil flow rate: 80L

Oil pressure: 180bar (2556pci)

Fuel tank capacity: 50L

Hammer Model: Hydraulic

Hammer weight: 551lb

Joule rating: 1450 joule

Maximum post size

Height: 20'

Side: 10"

Rhino Tool Company

Product: Solar Pro Omni Adjustable Pile Driver


Operating weight: 3000lb (1361kg)

Transport height: 6'2" (188cm)

Transport width: 3' x 10" (117cm)

Transport length: 11'8" (356cm)

Column inclination: 10° forward and backwards from vertical

Lateral inclination: 2° left, 90° right


Make & Model: Based on skid steer used

Power: Based on skid steer used

Noise Rating: Based on skid steer used

EPA Certification: Based on skid steer used

Hydraulic system

Hydraulic tank capacity: Based on skid steer used

Oil flow rate: 10.5 - 22.5gpm ( 40 - 85Lpm)

Oil pressure: 1740 - 2320psi (120 - 160bar)

Fuel tank capacity: Based on skid steer used


Model: Furukawa Fx55

Hammer weight: Approx. 800lb (363kg)

Blows (n/min): Approx. 1000bpm

Maximum post size

Height: 15' (4.6m)

Side: 10" x 7.25" (25.4cm x 18.4cm)
60 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///


April 5th -6 th , 2023

JW Marriott Austin Austin, TX


Innovative solar mounting solutions

QuickBOLT’s combination of QB2 + BoltSeal technology make solar installation on asphalt shingle roofs efficient. This Miami-Dade accepted mount prevents water intrusion with or without chemical sealants. The smooth torque of QB2 + BoltSeal helps installers get their jobs done quickly and protects roofs from install onward. QuickBOLT’s mounts are designed in partnership with metal roof manufacturers Decra, Westlake Royal Roofing, Isaiah, and many others, and their SCS roof mounts work on all metal tile profiles and will help installers establish new lines of income for their solar install business.


Power security and grid independence

The Mango Power E uses the same, durable LFP battery cells as many EVs. These cells charge fast, last long, and are reliable. Even with up to five years' continuous use, charging, discharging, and recharging constantly, the Power E's battery cells will still perform as well as they did when brand new. By Integrating Mango Power ecosystem into a home’s circuit, homeowners are guaranteed power security and grid independence with a seamless, uninterrupted flow of electricity flow of electricity powering lights, refrigerators, computers, and any other essential devices.

Mango Power

American made modules

The latest module series from Mission Solar features the 66-cell SX9R and the 72-cell SX9Z. These modules produce over 395W and 430W respectively, and are accompanied by a 25-year product and performance warranty. Mission Solar modules tested up to 5631Pa or the equivalent of 213mph and include a thick, fortified frame, a 3-ply durable backsheet as well as thick glass. All modules are subjected to careful process audits in their facility in San Antonio, TX. Mission Solar modules are always U.S. made and built strong for harsh environments.

Mission Solar

RE+ Texas attracts energy professionals from across the solar and storage markets each year to facilitate business and connections. Featuring two days of exhibition, a robust education schedule, and networking opportunities, attendees will hear from visionary leaders on what's next for the Texas clean energy market to propel their business to the next level.

Robust and dependable seal

Unirac’s STRONGHOLD Butyl is efficient, dependable, and optimized for Unirac’s NXT UMOUNT system. The pre-applied butyl pad removes the need for installers to install additional flashing: peel the liner, place the attachment, and fasten it to the roof. In addition, the butyl, used throughout the roofing and solar industries for its reliability, conforms to the screws and roof for a robust, dependable seal with no extra work. When this is coupled with the NXT UMOUNT system it creates a highly reliable, easy-to-install system with integrated wire management.


eSpire mini

 Large Residential - Light Commercial (3Ph 208/480Vac @ 60Hz)

 Microgrid, Backup, Off-Grid, Peak Shaving, Time of Use, Self-Supply, Demand Response, & VPP

 AC and DC Coupling Options

 Scalable Energy Storage Capacity (81 - 266 kWh per unit)

 Indoor and Outdoor Installation

 Perfect solution for multi-family homes, grocery stores, service areas, banks, etc.

Making solar simple

Designed with the installer in mind, EZ Solar rooftop junction boxes utilize the latest technology and materials to make installation fast and easy with high quality, innovative products at a low price. The JB-1.XL comes with Din Rail pre-installed, and with 200 cubic inches, this box gives solar installers plenty of room for larger installs. EZ Solar combines construction and manufacturing backgrounds to bring common sense products to the solar market.

EZ Solar

Features just some of the companies and technologies attendees will see at this year’s show.
North American Clean Energy 61

Solar specific switchboards

To meet the unique challenges of the solar industry, EPEC developed an LV switchboard family from the ground up. A family consisting of UL 891 switchboards 400A to 4000A, 480VAC through 800VAC. EPEC’s solar specific features include thermal engineering to eliminate nuisance tripping (standard gloss white paint, oversized bus, utilization of electronic trip MCCBs), direct connection with MV transformers (typically saving over 10k in installation cost), and 800VAC UL certification with molded case circuit breakers.

Smart, whole home backup

Installer focused

nVent HOFFMAN offers installer-focused products at competitive prices, that deliver fast. Providing solar transition, combiner, and junction boxes to complete the Balance-of-System. Products provide a reliable seal and clean aesthetics on a shingle roof or exterior wall. The RJ-1 rooftop junction box provides a safe, secure, NEMA-4X rated, watertight solution for penetrating the roof for attic runs and proper wire connections. Integrated flashing and self-contained screws provide consistent, fast and easy installation. Lightweight, non-rusting plastic is easy to modify and simple to install solutions.


International and domestic logistics services

Cornerstone Systems is a full service nationwide transportation provider that coordinates and provides delivery service for the solar and renewable industry all across North America. Services include container drayage, transloading/ warehousing, FTL trucking, flatbed, LTL, intermodal, railcar, specialized shipments, and job site delivery. Qualifications and certifications include GSA approved carrier, DOD approved carrier, Hazmat certified, SmartWay certified, and member of Transportation Intermediaries Association, Transportation & Logistics Council, and the American Trucking Association. A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau.

Cornerstone Systems

The Fortress Power High-Voltage ESS consists of the Arrow high-voltage battery, Allure Energy Panel, and a high-voltage battery inverter to comprise a singular solution for smart, whole-home backup. The sealed, ultra-thin Arrow High Voltage (HV) Battery is a Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) product allowing for 6000+ life cycles and protecting against dust, water, and humidity. It contains built-in active heating and cooling systems to accommodate hot and cold weather environments. The form factor is thin and stackable, intended for both wall and floor mounting while improving transportation logistics and installation speed. The Allure Energy Panel combines critical features necessary for whole-home backup including 200A pass-through, grid transfer switch, and smart load management. Located between the home and the electric grid, the Allure contains an energy distribution panel for combining AC + DC coupled solar and battery inverters, EV chargers, and gas generators, as well as 12-load control circuits.

Fortress Power

Residential energy management system

Franklin Home Power (FHP) is a whole-home energy management system with two primary components: aPower and aGate.The aGate is an intelligent device for whole-home energy management. It connects the grid, generator, photovoltaic, and battery sources to supply home loads, collects operational information to optimize performance and plan maintenance, and connects to the FranklinWH app and FleetView for homeowner and installer insight and control. The aPower is the energy storage unit with a built-in inverter, which can generate 10kW peak discharge power and mighty start capability for heavy loads like air conditioners and pumps. A large capacity is also necessary to be capable of such a discharge power. Each aPower has a 13.6kWh capacity and is expandable to 15 units with 204kWh power backup.


RE+ Texas
62 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// | 385.202.4150 SIMPLE HIGH QUALITY Simple to install MAKING SOLAR


March 27 th -30 th , 2023

St. Charles Convention Center

St. Charles, MO

The advanced-level content presented at the annual NABCEP CE Conference is geared toward PV industry professionals who have experience with PV installation, solar + storage, technical sales, design, O&M, or system inspection. This event allows NABCEP Board Certified Professionals to obtain as many as 20.5 hours of continuing education units needed to recertify. PV Associates can obtain 12 continuing education units needed to renew. Noncertified renewable energy professionals seeking to advance their career can earn up to 18 hours towards becoming NABCEP Board Certified by attending the CE Conference.

Fast installing conduit support

OMG Roofing Products PipeGuard Mini is a fast installing residential conduit support. This non-penetrating model installs in 2 seconds without fumbling with nuts, bolts, and tools. OMG also offers a line of clamp/strut conduit supports for commercial roofs.

OMG Roofing Products

Cable management for BESS

Snake Tray’s Snake Max XL is an open air design which needs no trenching, lowering labor and material costs and accommodates cable ranging from 350-1250Kcmil. It is compatible with any inverter style and battery storage system, contains pre-fabricated turns, Ts, and crossing grids, and its snap together components require no tools. Snake Max XL is NEC 301.15 code compliant cable separation, requires no derating of cables and is always made in the USA.

Snake Tray

High functioning rooftop junction box

EZ Solar’s high functioning rooftop junction box is designed specifically for tile roofs. The JB-2 integrates with most Flat, Spanish, and W-Shaped tiles. The innovative box design allows the box to securely fasten to the roof deck. Made from advanced durable polycarbonate, EZ Solar’s JB-2 are designed to last for life, with no leaking. Finally, a cost-effective, high functioning rooftop junction box for tile. Fast and simple to install with a 25-year warranty.

EZ Solar

5 second conduit support

The Conduit Mount features a 7/8" tall EPDM Cylinder and Install Screw. Installers use this in combination with their preferred shoulder clips for supporting conduit anywhere on the roof deck. Mount on asphalt shingle, TPO, or EPDM roofs in 5 seconds or less, no sealant or predrilling required. Simply drive the mounting screw through the shoulder clip and EPDM block until the block is compressed. Torque-driven compression seen in their Conduit Mount is called BoltSeal and is the same patented sealing technology used in their QB2 mount.


Powerful residential hybrid inverter

Sol-Ark’s all-new 30K 3-Phase Hybrid Inverter is a capable 3-phase hybrid inverter.


Racking and bonding solutions

Cost-effective module level solution

Effortless installation

Solar inverters

Sungrow Power Supply Co., Ltd.

(Sungrow) is an inverter brand which provides research and development of solar inverters and has a broad product portfolio offering PV inverter solutions and energy storage systems for utilityscale, C&I, and residential applications.

Sungrow Power Supply Co., Ltd.

DynoRaxx offers solutions for pitched and flat roof ballasted solar racking and also provides the DynoBond UL2703 module to module grounding product. The flat roof racking is designed to work with all framed modules and does not require tools for assembly or installing which reduces install labor. The DynoBond grounding is used in carports, ground mounts, and other racking products which helps to reduce electrical grounding costs.


Hoymiles 4-in-1 microinverter is a cost-effective module-level solar solution, as it can support up to 4 panels at once and maximize the PV production of an installation. With a maximum DC voltage of 60V, Hoymiles microinverter is a PV Rapid Shutdown Equipment and conforms with NEC-2017 and NEC-2020 Article 690.12, and CEC-2021 Sec 64-218.

Hoymiles Power Electronics, Inc.

Thoughtful design, rigorous engineering, and a reliable supply chain are the foundation of NXT UMOUNT. One tool installation with a variety of flashless attachments including FlashLoc and STRONGHOLD Butyl options. Features such as integrated wire management with new open channel rail and click-in assembly create an effortless installation experience.


Features just some of the companies and technologies attendees will see at this year’s show.
North American Clean Energy 63

Residential BESS

Pylon Technologies’ Pelio 5.12kWh provides high energy density in about 0.1sqm footprint for 20kWh of BESS installation. The high efficiency 4kw continuous/6.1KW@15min/1

0.2KW@15sec is available for unit module. Benefit from the modular design concept, it is expandable up to 20pcs (5.12Kwh per module, scalable up to 104kWh) of installation capacity per system. Pelio can be flexible and installed by wall-mount or floor-mount concept in either indoor or outdoor environment. Users can monitor 24/7 with their Intelligent Monitoring Platform. Certified to UL9540A, UL1973, IEC62619, and IEC63056/CE with the purpose of top safety.

Pylon Technologies

Modular battery design

MK Battery introduces the DEKA Duration DD5300, a 48V, 5300Wh

battery module utilizing Lithium Iron Phosphate Technology. Tested and validated, and branded with the DEKA name from East Penn Manufacturing Co., this modular design allows for either wall mount or floor mount installation and is stackable up to eight modules high. Stocked in the U.S., the DD5300 is a universal module that has a programmable BMS, dual usage, for low voltage and high voltage applications. Low voltage (48V, 5.3kWh, 212kWh). High voltage (150 to 1000V, 21.2kWh to 763kWh). Remote monitoring and firmware updates are just one click away on any smart phone, utilizing a proprietary app.

MK Battery

Solar cable management

The Cable Management with Integrated Grounding System by CAB Solar is manufactured in the USA by persons with disabilities at the Cambria County Association for the Blind and Handicapped. The custom-designed hangers offer the simplicity of the Integrated Grounding System as messenger wire acts as the EGC and GEC. Installation of this reliable system is quick, simple, and straightforward. The multi-carrier styles safely support and separate large bundles of cables in tracker, ballasted, and fixed tilt projects. CAB Solar Products are durable, manufactured from galvanized, high-tensile strength spring steel, and 100% coated with thick, flame retardant, high dielectric grade, UV stabilized Plastisol.

CAB Solar

Enhanced, long-lasting LFP batteries

Designed for true drop-in replacement in standard BCI sizing, Rolls' new S-Series 12V and 24V LFP lithium batteries offer a maintenancefree, lightweight flooded and SLA alternative with fast charge/discharge capability and built-in BMS with operating protections. Allowing 4x series and 4x parallel connectivity for 48V system configuration, and up to 6x parallel with no series connections, the new S-Series LFP offer added features including a built-in display with controls, visual state-of-charge indicator, external fuse access, and heating for -20°C to 0°C charging are also integrated. The S-Series line of LFP lithium models deliver >6000 cycles @ 80% DOD and are backed by a 3-year full replacement manufacturer warranty.

Rolls Battery Engineering

Fast and accurate proposals

Aurora’s solar design and proposal platform puts the power of data and technology in the hands of every solar professional to streamline sales and eliminate change orders.

Aurora’s Sales Mode gives sales teams access to 3D design accuracy in an interactive, tablet-friendly format. From just an address and electric bill, Sales Mode enables solar professionals to assess the site’s solar potential, design the optimal PV system, apply for financing, generate contracts, and more.

Aurora Solar

Pitched roof mounting system

SunModo introduces the SMR Pitched Roof System, a value solution for pitched roof mounting. The SMR System’s optimized design makes the SMR Rails light and strong. With fast and easy Pop-On Clamps and L-Foot adaptors, professional installers can mount, adjust, and secure PV panels with a single tool. Whether rafter or deck, portrait or landscape, the SMR System is suitable for any solar installation. Pair SMR with one of SunModo’s mounting options and save money and time on residential solar installations.

SunModo Corp.

High powered threephase inverter

The S5-GC(75-100)K-US is a powerful three-phase inverter, making it a suitable PV string inverter for large commercial rooftop or ground mount PV projects. The product features 10 independent MPPTs with very wide full-power operating ranges that can work efficiently with both 600Vdc and 1000Vdc PV arrays. String current up to 16A accommodates new highpower and bi-facial PV modules. Easy-to-use online O&M tools make O&M intelligent and convenient. Optimized DC&AC interconnection will reduce the cost of system cables. Enclosures rated to IP66 protection grade can be installed in harsh environmental conditions.


Direct-attach mounting components

Solar installation is quick and convenient with direct-attach. PVKIT 2.0 utilizes clamps or brackets and a grab system to marry the module to the built-in rails. Lower the weight of the entire system, reduce logistics and shipping hassles, off and on the roof, while saving significantly in install time and labor. The S-5! PVKIT 2.0 comes pre-assembled, requiring only a single tool to install the S-5! clamp and PVKIT. Featuring aggressive bonding teeth for better grounding, this UL 2703 listed solar module mounting solution requires fewer lugs/ground wires, helping customers save time and money when flush mounting.


NABCEP 2023 Continuing Education Conference
64 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

Whole home energy management system

Franklin Home Power (FHP) is a wholehome energy management system with two primary components: aGate and aPower. The aGate is a home energy management center that integrates solar, battery, grid, and generator power sources and manages them to optimize the safety, reliability, and efficiency of home energy. The aPower is a 13.6kWh AC-coupled battery with a built-in inverter that automatically transfers between DC and AC current. It uses safe LFP (Lithium Iron Phosphate) cells. There is also a BMS (Battery Management System) inside each aPower to monitor and control battery operations. Homeowners can use the FranklinWH app to remotely monitor and control their FHPs. There are backup, load shifting, and selfconsumption modes to best suit homeowners’ needs, providing optimized energy and backup power to the home, lowering electricity bills, or living completely off-grid.


Advanced lithium batteries and ESS

Discover Battery introduces the ELEMENT Energy Storage System. ELEMENT ESS features 100Ah / 5.12kWh 48V nominal 19'' (3U) rack mount battery modules with or without integrated heating for cold-weather sites. Discover’s high-current Gen4 BMS powers inductive loads and energizes transformer-based inverters with 3C peak power and 1C continuous discharge while enabling ultra-fast, 1C dynamic charging. ELEMENT systems are easy to specify, quick to install, and simple to permit.

The modules are safety certified to UL1973, UL9540 BESS, UL9540A ,and IEC62619 for rapid permitting with all major brands of power electronics. Discover’s Element ESS offers two enclosure type, a pre-assembled indoor/outdoor enclosure with integrated DC bussing for 30kWh of storage in a slim profile, or an economical Quick Stack racking option for towered configuration to 30kWh. Discover continues its advanced closed-loop communication integration with all major brands of power electronics utilizing the all-new LYNK II Gateway for straightforward commissioning, monitoring, and diagnostics with LYNK ACCESS software.

Discover Battery

Intelligent tracker technology

TerraTrak’s intelligent PeakYield technology offer intelligent controls and advanced software which allow users to optimize their system, resulting in less downtime and easy O&M. Machine learning algorithms can detect when a row is not tracking properly as issues can be fixed before they impact performance, saving on cost and reducing downtime. Remote access allows users to see inside the project site and view real time data without rolling a truck onsite, leading to fast and easy troubleshooting. On-site weather stations paired with weather API protect assets from inclement weather by monitoring wind and snow conditions, and automatically stowing the site when thresholds are crossed. Zone controls allow routine maintenance like mowing and washing on a portion of the site while the rest of the site continues tracking. A user-friendly dashboard provides insight into how the site is performing.


Turnkey energy storage solution

The eSpire 233 is Fortress Power’s Fully Integrated Turnkey Commercial and Industrial Energy Storage solution. The eSpire 233 uses Tier 1 Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) chemistry for a high level of safety, thermal stability, and reliability and is expandable to 3.5MWH capacity. The fully integrated, preconfigured system reduces on-site installation time, includes inverter(s), battery trays, racks, BMS, microgrid controller, HVAC, fire suppression, isolation transformer, and outdoor rated enclosure. The unique liquid cooling system optimizes the battery thermal performance by 3 times, which extends the battery lifespan. Their smart microgrid energy management solution (EMS) allows for utility grid services (demand response), off-grid applications, and fleet management of an entire portfolio of systems, all while optimizing the flow of energy between the DER to maximize efficiency towards savings on the utility rate.

Fortress Power

North American Clean Energy 65

Custom safety apparel

CAB Solar is proud to offer CAB Custom Sewn Products for utility scale projects. From custom webbing belts, straps, and hangers to custom safety apparel, CAB offers a complete line of ANSI/ISEA 1072010 compliant reflective Safety Products featuring Class 2 and Class 3 Safety Vests as well as chaps, pants, leggings, arm-leg bands, and sweatshirts. CAB Custom Sewn products are manufactured in the USA by Persons with Disabilities at the Cambria County Association for the Blind and Handicapped.

CAB Solar


April 10 th -13th , 2023

San Diego Convention Center San Diego, CA

The new IEEE PES Grid Edge Technologies Conference and Exposition will serve as a critical collaborative forum, bringing together a variety of organizations essential to delivering enhanced productivity, efficiency, and interoperability to the grid.

Automated grid control products

PXiSE’s core automated grid control products include the Microgrid Controller, DERMS, and Renewable Power Plant Controller. PXiSE also offers their new cloud-native DER Management and Communication Platform, designed to manage and dispatch customer DERs via the IEEE 2030.5 standard communication protocol. This new PXiSE product helps utilities register, monitor, and organize customer DERs (including energy storage and solar PV) and schedule their dispatch.

PXiSE Energy Solutions

Weather hazard monitoring and alerting solution

Indji Systems’ Indji Watch solution gives advanced warning of hazardous weather and wildfires that disrupt utility, wind and solar operations. Their three-step approach provides tools to help users plan for upcoming weather hazards, respond to current conditions threatening their assets, and investigate damage quickly, allowing operators to have confidence about lightning caused damage or fires. Asset specific forecasts, advanced forecast radar, and forecast lightning provide storm forecasts in advance for crew scheduling, construction, and maintenance planning. Users can see a live view of all current wildfire and weather threats specific to their assets with the Asset Threat Window and receive alerts when natural hazards exceed the user defined threat thresholds. The Lightning Fault Analyst is used for early lightning fault correlation and outage location response.

Indji Systems

Online condition-based monitoring

Dynamic Ratings’ ConnectGrid Smart Infrastructure Solution (SIS) is an agile technology stack that enhances connectivity to grid edge assets for better management. The system is tailored to meet varying security, scalability, and availability requirements and has many options available in architecture and communication technology. The distribution system is suited for the ConnectGrid Smart Infrastructure Solution with distributed assets, big data, machine-to-machine communications, and a need for more sophisticated analytics. This IoT platform can bridge operational technology hardware such as transformer monitors and line sensors with energy business systems such as PI. This ensures the data is securely and easily transmitted to all the stakeholders within a large organization so planning, construction and maintenance, and asset management can all operate seamlessly with cooperation.

Dynamic Ratings

Reconditioned and new transformers

Maddox produces and stocks high quality fully reconditioned and new transformers. They stock popular voltages and units commonly used in renewable applications including wye-wye dry type units for rooftop inverters, grounding transformers, and solar duty padmounts with electrostatic shields for large solar fields. Maddox has what renewables companies need to get their solar and wind projects done on time.

Maddox Transformer

High voltage cable monitoring and load management

AP Sensing delivers holistic Power Cable Monitoring (PCM) solutions based on Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) and Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS). System capabilities comprise conductor temperature monitoring, hotspot detection and location, RTTR and dynamic rating, dig-In, TPI and tamper detection, cable fault and location, HPFF and XLPE monitoring, perimeter monitoring, HSE and risk mitigation.

AP Sensing

Real-time hydrogen measurements

The HY-OPTIMA 2700 Series uses a solid-state, non-consumable sensor that is configured to operate in process gas streams. The H2scan solid state technology provides a direct hydrogen measurement that is not cross sensitive to other gases. The HY-OPTIMA 2700 Series is suitable for applications where real-time, hydrogen specific measurements can enhance process plant efficiencies, diagnostics and maintenance management.


Pre-assembled secure buildings

Pre-assembled buildings from Trachte are available with added security features like exterior wall ballistics protection (UL 752 Level-8). UL-rated bullet-resistant materials maintain resistance to water intrusions, energy efficiency, and thermal performance. Trachte also offers hurricane and tornado hardening, fire-resistant construction, and EMP resistance.


SHOW IN PRINT Features just some of the companies and technologies attendees will see at this year’s show.
66 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///
The Blattner Family of Companies includes Blattner Company, Blattner Energy and D.H. Blattner & Sons. BUILDING A BETTER TOMORROW. Wind | Solar | Energy Storage We power the innovations that create a cleaner, healthier and more vibrant world for all of us.

Cabling Floating Wind

The offshore wind sector in the US is gathering steam, and we are seeing major developments in the execution of large commercial scale windfarm projects that are poised to come online in the near future. Both State and Federal governments are making bold commitments to significantly increase renewable goals by identifying and releasing large swathes of territory off the coasts for the construction of windfarms. It’s an exciting time to be involved in the industry.

As an industry, to deliver the current projects at play, we need to be looking further into the future and preparing for the next set of challenges. In order to increase the amount of offshore energy we harvest, we will have to plan to use areas for generation that have previously been considered impractical. Deep water locations, like the west coast of the US and some of the latest wind energy areas identified by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), will require the use of floating systems.

Floating wind turbines and substations are the most visible items, but we must not underestimate the impact on the High Voltage AC and DC submarine cables that are necessary to connect those turbines to the substations (and those substations to the grid). The goal is to maximize the amount of power while minimizing the number of cables and the environmental impact of installing them, which drives the windfarms to use higher voltage systems. This is no different from the current projects that are being delivered. However, in the current projects, all the cable systems are firmly attached to the seabed. For a floating windfarm, the cables may have to stretch hundreds, or even thousands, of feet to reach the seabed. While the cables are suspended in the sea and transitioning to the seabed, they must handle the rise and fall of waves, and the twisting and oscillation caused by tides and storms. These actions — if not suitably managed by the design of the cable — can quickly cause failures. All submarine cables need to control the ingress of water; higher voltage cables must use a water blocking layer to achieve this.

Unfortunately, the traditional water blocking layer is very rigid and unable to handle the flexing and other movements of a dynamic cable without breaking and flooding the cable with water. The water blocking layer is an integral part of the overall cable design. It will be necessary to engineer, manufacture, and fully test new dynamic high voltage cables for these applications. These dynamic cables will be equipped with buoyancy devices to help control the shape and movement of cables, after which they can be used to transition from the seabed, where we can connect traditionally designed cables to the shore.

Floating windfarms and their cables are currently being tested around the world. The challenge is scaling these up from trial voltages to the high voltage AC and DC systems that large scale commercial wind farms will require. We must not underestimate the time it will take to bring new dynamic cable designs to fruition;

once designed and built, the testing and approval can take over a year to complete. We will need to understand what changes will be needed to current manufacturing processes, and be able to balance that with the ongoing need to manufacture traditional cable systems. While the oil and gas industry has used lower voltage dynamic cables for some time, we can’t afford to wait to develop the higher voltage solutions. Robust technical cable solutions will be imperative for developers to demonstrate to permitting agencies and project financing entities that floating windfarms are viable, reliable, and sustainable.

In order to support the Federal and State offshore renewable targets, future windfarms will need to be further offshore and in deeper water. Dynamic cable systems will be crucial to connecting such windfarms, and helping us decarbonize our society. The lead time for offshore projects is such that manufacturers, installers, developers, financiers must come together to make sure that the systems needed to future proof the offshore wind industry are available when we most need them.

Pete Kohnstam is the Sales Director at Nexans High Voltage USA, which designs cables solutions and services along the entire value chain for offshore wind farms, subsea interconnections, land high voltage, utilities, buildings, emobility, and more. Nexans

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North American Clean Energy 69
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New York’s Race for Offshore Wind

There comes a time in a big race, a marathon for example, when you realize that the hard work you’ve put in to achieve your goal, the goal you’ve been working toward for months or years even, is about to be put to the test.

In any race, there is always tremendous excitement at the start, a welcoming of the challenges ahead, a sense of urgency to begin. And an experienced runner knows that great rewards are waiting at the end. But getting there… that’s the hard part.

This is where things stand for New York and the state’s efforts to launch a major new offshore wind industry.

If we were to compare the progress of offshore wind in New York state to the New York City Marathon, many of the runners would have passed through Staten Island and Brooklyn, with Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Manhattan again still ahead. New York’s offshore wind industry is indeed off to the races, but it has a long way to go. To reach the finish line, much remains to be done. New York’s ambitious climate goals must become construction goals, and projects need to get built. Fortunately, there are no signs of anyone dropping out of the race.

Despite the road ahead, the New York Offshore Wind Alliance (NYOWA) saw real progress last year in forging a vibrant and responsible domestic offshore wind industry in the state. In 2023, the way forward is clear, as New York works to turn its climate goals into construction goals. NYOWA Director Fred Zalcman noted, in a year-end review, that six new Wind Energy Areas proximate to New York were leased to developers, several hundreds of millions of dollars were committed to local manufacturing and port development, and construction started on the state’s first offshore wind project. “Clearly, New York’s investment in this new industry is beginning to pay off,” Zalcman said.

Some of the year’s more notable achievements included:

• The start of construction of the 130 MW South Fork Wind Farm, the first utilityscale offshore wind project in New York. When completed, South Fork Wind Farm will generate enough electricity to power over 70,000 Long Island homes.

• The federal Bureau of Ocean Energy Management award of six new offshore wind leases in the New York Bight, comprising nearly a half-million acres and capable of supporting up to 12,000 MW of offshore wind generation.

• The announcement by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) of the third offshore wind solicitation, now underway, seeking at least 2,000 MW of new offshore wind capacity. Together with earlier bid rounds, this solicitation puts New York in a position to achieve its nation-leading goal of 9,000 MW by 2035, that is, ahead of schedule.

• Contracts executed by the developers of New York’s first five offshore wind projects with several suppliers for the manufacturing of offshore wind components, including wind towers and transition pieces in the Capital Region at the Port of Albany, and advanced steel components in Wellsville (Alleghany County, NY) and the Port of Coeymans (Albany County, NY).

• Significant steps forward on establishment of the National Offshore Wind Training Center, dedicated to preparing the region’s workforce for skilled jobs in the offshore wind sector. The year ended with the realization of major real estate and financial commitments by state and county governments, project developers, and organized labor for hosting and operating the center in Suffolk County, Long Island.

• Execution of a historic agreement for the redevelopment of a 73-acre site within the South Brooklyn Marine Terminal in Sunset Park, Brooklyn for the staging of construction, operations, and maintenance for several offshore wind projects. The project developer also earmarked $5 million towards an Offshore Wind Ecosystem Fund to support sustainable growth, empowerment of underserved areas, and climate justice in the offshore wind ecosystem in New York City.

• Landmark agreements reached by project developers and national environmental groups for the protection of the critically endangered North Atlantic Right Whale during offshore wind construction and maintenance activities.

• The appropriation by the New York State Legislature of $500 million to leverage private investments in ports infrastructure and supply chain dedicated to the offshore wind industry in the state. Proposals for the first $300 million tranche of this supply chain investment funding are now being sought.

“Looking forward to 2023, New York needs to build on this fantastic progress by awarding new contracts, with associated economic development, that will allow New York to achieve its nine-gigawatt offshore wind generation target,” Zalcman said. “New York also needs to make some key and timely decisions on transmission investments to facilitate the significant levels of offshore wind energy that will be needed beyond the nine gigawatts.”

In New York, the offshore wind marathon is underway. The finish line is still around the corner. But it is getting closer.

Fred Zalcman is director of the New York Alliance for Offshore Wind, a diverse coalition of organizations with a shared interest in promoting the responsible development of offshore wind power for New York. NYOWA is a project of the Alliance for Clean Energy New York (ACE NY).



Shaping the future securely, with a view of what‘s to come

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More than 130,000 wind turbines automated.

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Comprehensive protection for your operating assets.


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Safe, fast and stable power management.

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Surge Testing

Minimize downtime and control operating expenses

The surge test, also known as a surge comparison test, is essential for wind farm operators and maintenance technicians who want to predict generator failures using a data-centric approach. This test can be conducted on generators, as well as auxiliary motors used in cooling systems, automated lubrication devices, nacelle yaw motors, and blade pitch motors. he flow of resources, loads, and demands.

When performed during a regular maintenance schedule, the surge test gives users trending data so that O&Ms can prioritize wind turbine servicing and schedule maintenance, rather than risk unplanned downtime. In some cases, smaller repairs can be made up-tower, which can defer or even eliminate the need to extract the generator or other motors.

Why is the surge test important?

Surge comparison testing gives a complete picture of stator and rotor insulation condition. In fact, it’s the only test that finds insulation weakness between turns, or turn-to-turn, in generator and motor windings. These weaknesses cannot be found with other tests commonly used by O&Ms, such as insulation resistance/megohm (sometimes called a megger test) and high-potential (hipot) tests.

The surge comparison test finds turn-to-turn weaknesses by stressing the winding’s insulation at a voltage above operating voltage, so that both weaknesses and hard shorts can be found. In most cases, pass/fail determinations are easy to make, helping to clearly define datadriven decisions for the type of generators and motors in use.

Winding failure progression

Wind generators and motors used in wind turbines are subject to harsh environmental conditions; they can progress to failure in many ways. A common progression of winding failures starts as insulation weakness. If undetected, insulation weaknesses will first cause turn-to-turn shorts, which then lead to ground wall insulation breakdown and winding failure.

Partial discharges (PD) are the first evidence of weakness — these can be detected with a winding analyzer using the surge test with PD detection circuitry and software. Most medium-voltage and high-voltage generators and motors are designed to withstand some amount of PD. Therefore, the presence of PD may not indicate a problem. Tracking PD activity over time, or comparing PD activity to that in other machines, provides important information about the condition of the windings and breakdown of the insulation. PD detected in low-voltage equipment is considered a problem.

As winding insulation continues to weaken, the surge test is the best method for detecting the problem early. If weaknesses are found above operating voltage, the generator or motor can continue to run while remedial actions are scheduled.

Once insulation weakness causes a turn-to-turn arc, heat creates a hot spot. The hot spot causes more turns to arc and short out, releasing more heat. Eventually, the windings short to ground, and the generator or motor fails.

How does the surge test work?

The surge test involves injecting high-frequency voltage surges into the windings, then recording the resulting waveforms through an oscilloscope channel in a winding analyzer. Comparisons are made between the phases (phase-to-phase) of the generator or motor, as well as between each surge pulse (pulseto-pulse). If the tested winding’s waveforms deviate significantly phase-to-phase or pulse-to-pulse from the norm, it indicates weak insulation is present.

The shape and number of oscillations of the wave depends on the rotor and the specific construction of the generator or motor. The frequency of the waveform is inversely proportional to the number of turns. Therefore, a winding with fewer turns will produce a higher frequency wave.

During a surge test, the winding analyzer increases the voltage of each pulse, and compares the resulting surge waves by calculating a percent wave difference. If the generator or motor loses a turn due to an arc or short, the frequency of the waveform increases. On the test screen, this appears as though the wave suddenly shifts to the left. When this happens, the percentage difference between waves increases. If the difference is above the test operator’s pass/fail threshold, the surge test is considered failed.

Is the surge test destructive?

The surge test is not destructive for two reasons. First, the energy in each surge pulse is low. Second, the duration of the over-voltage period is very short. A good analogy is a static electric discharge arcing from your finger to a doorknob; you may be able to feel it, but there is no burn mark or damage, even though the arc voltage may be 20,000V.

Image 3: If the generator or motor loses a turn because of an arc caused by week insulation or a short, the frequency of the waveform increases causing it to appear to shift left. In this test, the blue waveform is from the pulse before the arc and the red waveform is from the pulse that arced.

Image 1: A winding analyzer with its test leads connected to a generator up-tower in preparation for a surge comparison test. Image 2: Windings with fewer turns produce higher frequency waveforms (A), and windings with more resistive, eddy-current, and hysteresis losses produce more dampening and fewer wave peaks (B).
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Robust, compact cartridge pump

SKF has developed a compact cartridge pump that provides effective lubrication to many applications. The pump, called AECP, automatically lubricates up to 22 lubrication points making it time and cost-effective. Other benefits include increased equipment availability and reliability, simple maintenance, low cost of maintenance and spare parts, and easy retrofitting. The AECP requires no special refilling tool or equipment. Grease is stored in standard grease cartridges making it easy to swap out and prime while the motor and pump elements pull grease in a metered way. The use of cartridges also allows for a wide range of lubricants. It also fits into tight spaces and can withstand harsh working conditions and environments. The pump can be used to create a small progressive lubrication system when combined with SSV progressive metering devices. A built-in sensor gives early warning that a cartridge needs replacing. For more advanced monitoring options, the AECP can be operated with a controller.

SKF ///

Motors are designed to handle voltages far above normal surge test voltages. For example, it is not uncommon to see 460volt (V) motors arc around 10,000 V. Even old 460 V motors have been seen to arc around 8,000 V. Compare that to normal surge test voltage for 460 V motors of around 2,000 V. Furthermore, motors and coils in laboratory settings have been surge tested millions of times with no discernable change in the insulation properties.

Recommended practices

The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), now American Clean Power (ACP), recommends surge comparison testing. According to Operations and Maintenance Recommended Practices (version 2017, Chapter 2 Generator and Electrical), the surge comparison test is the most common analysis tool for testing turn-to-turn insulation in motors and generators. Many other low-voltage and high-voltage tests are recommended as well, and “modern automated winding analysis equipment combines many of these tests into a concise report and is very useful for predictive maintenance practices.”


Surge tests are critical for wind industry operators and maintenance professionals. They are the only tests that find turn-to-turn insulation weaknesses. These weaknesses are precursors to serious failures and shutdown of rotating equipment. The surge test is important for predictive maintenance purposes because it can find cases of weak insulation before the machine progresses to complete failure. This allows O&M maintenance programs to schedule maintenance, rather than risk unplanned downtime.

David Stewart is marketing manager at Electrom Instruments. He may be reached at

Electrom Instruments ///

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Robots Tackle Blade Repair

When a wind turbine blade rotates, the tip can move at up to 200 mph. As rain drops hit the blade, the surface erodes, which reduces the turbine’s ability to produce green energy. Efficient leading-edge repair is necessary to restore the aerodynamic performance of the blade. It also contributes to life extension of one of the most expensive components on a wind turbine: blades. Turbine blades account for some 25 to 30 percent of the build cost.

With more than 400,000 wind turbines in the world, and many more to come, the need for regular maintenance for this problem will increase exponentially.

Blade damage caused by rain erosion is forecast to become an even bigger maintenance problem, as more wind turbines with longer blades and correspondingly higher tip speeds are introduced. New offshore turbines, being even larger, more remote, and more exposed to the weather than onshore, will be a particular challenge.

Repairs of the blade’s “leading edge” - the blade area affected by rain erosion - are dependent on favorable weather conditions. These repairs are complex to perform, requiring skilled, sometimes hazardous manual work hundreds of feet above the ground, often by technicians hanging from ropes. With these specialized repair skills increasingly in short supply, the wind turbine maintenance industry is looking for automated alternatives to solve the problem.

Amid backlog of repairs, robots can add capacity

Currently, there are only a handful of robots on the market capable of restoring the leading edge of the blade. One solution, developed in Scandinavia, now comprises nine robot clones that have been proven in the field over nearly two years on wind farms in North America, South Africa, and Europe. The robots work precisely and consistently, four times faster and at half the cost of the manual alternative. These repairs restore aerodynamic performance up to 3 percent; within six months, the investment made by the turbine owner in the repair service has usually paid off.

The robot can repair not only the challenging leading-edge of the blade, but also standard fixes like repositioning the vortex generator, as well as inspection of the blade structure, drain holes, and lightning receptors.

Wind farms in the US and Canada have taken advantage of this robot solution to help address a backlog of repairs. The robot adds an additional capacity to the market.

The core of the Scandinavian robot system is a climbing robot equipped with a high-resolution camera and laser scanner. The system is also equipped with up to eight repair tools that are operated precisely by a flexible arm. A technician is needed to monitor the robot on-screen, which can be done from any location.

Lightweight robot hoisted by ropes and gripping blade with vacuum system

Transported to the site in a minivan, the (relatively lightweight) 330-pound robot is attached to ropes that have been anchored in the nacelle. It’s then hoisted some 300 feet or more from the ground onto the blade, which has been parked in a vertical position.

A vacuum system allows the robot to attach itself firmly to the blade. Several motors enable it to move across the blade, either up or down. Using its onboard high-resolution camera and laser scanner, the robot first inspects the surface, sending 3D images to the remote operator, who diagnoses the damage on screen and initiates the repair process.

Sanding, cleaning, and restoring blade in seven hours

The repair process of the damaged area starts using the 10lb sander tool, applying appropriate speed and force to create a pattern to ensure surface roughness and geometry. The area is cleaned using the brush along with a cleaning solution to remove dirt. A dosing tool then applies the leading-edge protective (LEP) material, while a spreader tool rebuilds the optimal aerodynamic blade shape, smoothing the material to pre-defined standards. The robot moves vertically up the blade edge until all repairs are complete. The whole process (conducted at height of 150-300 feet), takes from five to ten hours to complete.

Images are recorded, serving as documentation to conform with the global requirement for wind turbine maintenance. These images are archived as part of the process, ensuring authentic documentation, which is an advantage for transparent traceability.

Application and dosing of viscous material

The biggest challenge in building a functioning robot was the development of the spreader and dosing tools that can apply viscous material accurately and flexibly across different blade types. The tools match or exceed the manual standards, and were designed to work in a wide environmental window.

Extended weather window and AI

The robot has been proven in the field at high wind speeds of up to 31 mph per second for up to 10 minutes at a time. The robot can withstand gusts of wind of over 33 mph meters per second, relative humidity of up to 80 percent, and temperatures from 32 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit.

Using Artificial Intelligence, the next generation of robots will become even more autonomous. The detailed logs from the hundreds of repairs already carried out will be used to train the robot to recognize and treat the damage without supervision. In addition, a robot capable of offshore repairs will be launched, once reliability tests have been conducted in this demanding environment. Robot-assisted (and future autonomous) repairs will make a significant contribution to wind turbines competitiveness through decreased maintenance costs, both onshore and offshore.

Martin Huus Bjerge is the CEO and co-founder of Rope Robotics, a Danish automation company that specializes in service tasks for the wind energy sector. Coming from an electrical engineering background, Martin has worked for 16 years in the wind turbine industry on turbine control systems, big data and analytics, and robots and automation. Martin previously worked as a department manager at Siemens Gamesa, where he was responsible for data collection and analytical monitoring of the entire fleet in service. Martin owns 15 patents, two of which are for the world’s first leading-edge blade-repair robot, in commercial operation since spring 2021.

Rope Robotics


74 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///


In New York, offshore wind power is growing. It holds the potential to power millions of New Yorkers, to create thousands of jobs, to lead the nation to clean energy. Be part of the revolution. Offshore Wind.

The Future is HERE

North American Clean Energy

Latest Advancements in Harmonic Mitigation

A critical element to wind farm profitability

This article provides an update to the article initially published in this magazine in August of 2020. In the original article, specific detail was provided on the benefits of monitoring harmonic distortion contained within the wind turbine generator’s electrical output signal. This information was key to understanding both the mechanical and electrical stresses within the system.

In case you missed it the first time, or are new to the industry, following is a recap of the original article.

You’ve secured the land, obtained all necessary permits, negotiated utility contracts, secured capital funds, established the operations team, your maintenance contract is in place and the turbines have been erected. Now it’s time to throw the switch! How do you best manage your investment, nurture it, eliminate risk, maximize availability, and help ensure your wind turbines exceed their forecasted life?

More and more wind farm operations are realizing the key to long term profitability is managing their harmonic levels. By doing so, they are able to minimize undue stress on drive-train components — this not only can improve production availability, but also can significantly increase the operational life of the wind turbines.

What is harmonic distortion?

Based on physics, the output signal of any rotating electric generator (including a wind turbine) has a sinusoidal shape, alternating, up-and-down, at a frequency of 50 or 60 times per second (depending on the country in which it is designed to operate). In a perfect world, this signal would be very smooth in shape, with all sub-components working together in perfect harmony, each contributing to a perfectly and uniformly rotating system. In the real world, however, the output of a typical wind turbine generator is not smooth at all, but distorted in shape; in some cases, severely distorted. The magnitude of this distortion is known as the system’s harmonic distortion

What causes harmonic distortion in a generator?

Within a rotating generator, there are numerous sub-components, each playing a specific role in helping the generator rotate in a uniform fashion, and each having its own specific operating frequency. Interestingly, most system sub-components have operating frequencies which are very different than the overall system operating frequency. For example, while the system operating frequency of the generator may be 60 hertz (rotating at a multiple of 60 times per second), the operating frequency of a critical sub-component (such as a gear tooth or winding flux interface) could be 432 Hertz. Even in newly commissioned wind turbines, all sub-components have imperfections; these imperfections each distort the output signal of the generator, the cumulative effect of which comprises the total harmonic distortion. Over time, as components degrade, these imperfections get worse, and the total harmonic distortion of the system increases accordingly.

How bad is bad when it comes to harmonic distortion?

Harmonic distortion can be thought of as the measure of stress on a system. For a wind turbine generator, the electrical output signal is the result of thousands of pounds of magnetic force applied to high-speed rotating equipment (upwards of 3600 RPM in some cases); any distortion in the output signal is actually an opposing force, not only against the rotating magnetic field, but against every sub-component working to keep the system in perfect rotation. Therefore, as the harmonic distortion of the system increases, the stress on each sub-component increases as well. This stress increases not only on the sub-components within the wind generator, but also on components downstream (pad mount transformers as well as grid components outside the wind farm).

Excessive harmonic distortion creates undue stress on all system components, leading to poor reliability and a reduction in the operational life of the equipment and components involved. It is for this reason that IEEE-519 was recently revised to redefine harmonic distortion acceptability limits and how harmonic levels should be These new requirements are making their way into an increasing number of Agreements between wind farm operators and grid operators in the territories in which the wind farms reside. Wind farm operators face stiff penalties for non-compliance.

Picture 1: Ideal generator output (void of distortion)
Picture 2: Distorted generator output (indicative of degrading internal components – reducing the life of the wind turbine asset)



Picture 3: Continuous monitoring for proactive maintenance, which now provides early warning indicators of both controller and transformer issues

Turning it into a positive

As a sub-component degrades in health, its contribution to the overall distortion of the output signal increases proportionately. These contributions can be isolated and tracked over time for each specific sub-component, so that preventative action can be taken. Monitoring harmonic distortion levels between the contributions of the various sub-components can be used as a source of actionable insight for proactive maintenance programs; this can help avoid costly unplanned outage, prevent undue stress on system components, improve availability, and increase the operational life of the wind assets.

A specific example

A common source of failure of a wind turbine generator system is a degrading wye-ring joint. Such a condition can lead to catastrophic failure at worst. At the very least, it can lead to an unplanned outage, loss in availability, and an overall reduction in the life of the wind asset. This degradation is typically caused by a 6th harmonic pulsating torque within the generator, which causes isolated stress on the wyering joints. Interestingly, a 6th harmonic pulsating torque is typically caused by excessive 5th and 7th harmonic signals (these, resulting from a mis-match in capacitor compensation). Thus, an early warning sign of a pending wye-ring failure is excessive 5th and 7th harmonic content. In advanced stages of wye-ring degradation, harmonic distortion around the system operating frequency is observed, equally spaced above/below the fundamental frequency, separated by sidebands located at twice the slipfrequency of the system.

In traditional monitoring systems, this type of wye-ring degradation would typically go undetected because those systems primarily focus on mechanical vibrations. Harmonic distortions are electrical in nature, and provide insight into both mechanical and electrical health conditions, including those which do not show on a vibration spectrum. Comprehensive monitoring of individual components helps wind operators make more accurate decisions to keep their turbines running longer and more efficiently.

Recent advancements

In monitoring the electrical output signal of the generator, it was discovered that, with only minor modifications to the input sensors, both the WTG controller and step-up transformer could be included in the monitoring regimen. This opens up the availability of gaining pre-fault monitoring and health insight into the performance of controller and transformer sub-systems within the overall WTG system. This new capability is only possible with CMS monitoring systems, which include highresolution monitoring of the electrical output signal of the WTG.

Documented case-studies have identified early indications of various controller problems, as well as transformer insulation, winding, and load balancing issues. Since the original publication of this article, picture 3 has been updated to include early warning indicators of both controller and transformer issues. This valuable tool provides a holistic monitoring approach, helping owners and operators gain further insights into the health and performance of their WTG systems, helping improve profitability and extending the operational life of their critical assets.

Gregory Wolfe is CEO/CTO and Co-Founder of Fischer Block, Inc. His roots are in designing missile guidance systems for the United States Air Force. He later obtained certification as a black-belt in Six-Sigma statistical techniques while holding leadership positions within the electrical power industry, running operations in both the United States and in Europe before co-founding Fischer Block, Inc.

Fischer Block, Inc. ///

DEUS ONE is the world‘s first personal, fully automated evacuation device The lightweight and compact set can be worn directly on the users body Pre-assembled individual parts make DEUS ONE intuitive and ready-to-use

• Simple hands-free controlled descent

• Fire retardant 5.9 mm rope

• Ready-to-use "Clip & Go" design

• 15 year Seal Pac protection

• Descents up to 200 meters deus-one/

North American Clean Energy 77
Picture 4: Visualize degradation and validate repairs
SKYLOTEC North America LP - email: - (303)544-2120

Simply efficient and comfortable crimping

Weidmüller’s new PZ 6 ROTO ADJ is a crimping tool with a rotating die and adjustable handle width for optimum ergonomics and fatigue-free work. Rotatable crimp die for adaptation to a wide range of installation situations. The PZ 6 ROTO ADJ reliably crimps wire-end ferrules with a cross-section of 0.14 to 6mm² and can be optimally adapted to individual preferences. If the cross-section range is limited to 2.5mm², this reduces the grip width by 20%. In this setting, around 90% of all crimping operations can be carried out efficiently and ergonomically.

Weidmüller ///

Versatile rugged work boot

KEEN Utility’s Reno delivers a light, fast work boot, steeped in outdoor tradition, but designed for the demands of the modern job site. This versatile boot features KEEN.BELLOWS FLEX technology, an ergonomically engineered system designed to offer multidirectional flexion, making bending, squatting, kneeling, and knee-down work easy. Other product highlights include a KEEN. ReGEN midsole that returns 50% more energy than standard EVA foam, a KEEN. KonnectFit heel capture system to lock the heel down for sure-footed stability, and an ankle height engineered mesh upper and KEEN.DRY waterproof, breathable membrane to provide dependable indoor/outdoor performance. At the same time, the Reno does not sacrifice when it comes to safety, offering asymmetrical carbon-fibre toes as well as an EH-rated oil and slip resistant rubber outsole to provide dependable footing. Built for the industrial athlete, the Reno is available for both men and women in several color ways and collar heights.

KEEN Utility


Industrial lubrication guide

Renewable Lubricants has recently published an Industrial Lubrication Guide which details the company’s extensive line of bio-based products including hydraulic fluids, gear oils, greases, and penetrants. Renewable Lubricants products meet or exceed the specifications of petroleum-based products and are used in a wide range of industries and applications. These petroleum free products are safe for both the environment and for the employees working with them.

Renewable Lubricants, Inc.


78 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// Windblade Repair Training at our facility or yours Enroll Today! +1.775.827.6568

Tensioners & Torque Systems

The proper alignment of a bolted joint can be achieved by using either torque or tension methods of bolting. Proper bolt loads must be realized during installation or the integrity of the joint will be compromised, leading to misalignment and, if left unchecked, the ultimate failure of the joint. In this issue, we look at some of the tensioners and torque systems available today.

ITH Engineering

Product: Hydraulic Torque Wrench type CX

Description: ITH type CX is an ultralight wrench system that maximizes speed and versatility. The ultralight housing and TWIN swivel hose connection make handling easy. The quick-release reaction arm has an asymmetrical shape and can be flipped to shorten or lengthen its reach in addition to 360° rotation.

Power System: Hydraulic

Drive Size: 3/4" to 2 1/2"

Torque: 1475 to 29,500 ft/lb (2,000 to 40,000Nm)

Weight: 4.6lb to 75lb (2.1kg to 34kg)

Key Features:

• High-speed dual-hose operation;

• Ultralight housing;

• Quick-release reaction arms and drive inserts;

• Asymmetrical reaction arm can be flipped and rotated 360°;

• TWIN swivel hose connection.


Product: LITHIUM SERIES II Electric Torque


Description: The LITHIUM SERIES II Tool has been redesigned from the ground up with expanded functionality, greater durability, and intuitive usability. This lightweight battery powered tool, with capacity up to 5000 ft/lb, is a solution for strength and portability in industrial bolting jobs worldwide.

Power System: Battery

Drive Size: 3/4" to 1.5"

Torque: 35 to 5000ft/lb; 47 to 6779Nm

RPM: Varies by configuration

Weight: Varies by configuration

Noise Level: 70db

Stahlwille Tools, LLC

Product: Stahlwille Manoskop 730 Quick

Description: A time proof torque wrench with long term accuracy and no need to reset to zero due to the wear resistant mechanism design. This torque wrench provides quick and easy setting of required torque. No disassembly needed for calibration and adjustment with easy access of adjustment screws from outside.

Power System: Manual

Drive Size: 1/4", 3/8", 1/2", 3/4"

Torque: 5 to 480ft/lb; 4 to 650Nm

Weight: 0.7lb to 9lb (0.3kg to 4.1kg)

Noise Level: 75db when click is triggered

Key Features:

• No return-to-zero needed;

• Press and slide to set torque value, effortless and quick;

• No disassembly needed to bring the unit back in tolerance for calibration;

• Interchangeable heads, ratchet, crowfoot, box end, and more.

North American Clean Energy 79 Nord-Lock Group Tel.: +1 412 279 1149 Email: © Copyright 2023 Nord-Lock Group. NORD-LOCK, SUPERBOLT, BOLTIGHT and EXPANDER SYSTEM are trademarks owned by different companies within the Nord-Lock Group. All other logos, trademarks, registered trademarks or service marks used herein are the property of the Nord-Lock Group. All rights reserved. 6 4 2 1 3 5 7 SECURE BOLTED CONNECTIONS 1 Coupling NL SB BT 2 Yaw drive system NL SB BT 3 Gearbox NL SB BT 4 Rear main bearing NL SB BT 5 Blade bearing NL SB BT EX 6 Tower section NL SB BT 7 MPTP connection NL SB BT


Product: BV17 HUCK RangeForce Battery


Description: Handheld cordless fastener installation tooling jointly developed by Makita and Huck. Designed specifically for use with Huck Lockbolts and Blind Fasteners from 5/16" to 1/2" in diameter.

Power System: Battery

Drive Size: 1/2"

Torque: Fasteners are installed with Linear pull

RPM: Fasteners are installed with Linear pull

Weight: 17.4lb with 5Ah battery

Noise Level: 70db

Key Features:

• 7000lbf pull force and 1 ¾" stroke;

• All the power and capabilities of hydraulics without the constraints of hose kits and power units or generators;

• Supported by a full range of Huck installation and removal nose assemblies;

• Utilizes the widely available Makita 40V battery platform.


ITH Engineering

Product: ITH Bolt Tensioning Cylinder

Description: ITH bolt tensioning cylinders are designed for tightening large diameter bolts of all major OEM wind turbine applications including: foundation rods, tower bolts, bearing bolts, and more. High accuracy and repeatability ensures consistent even loads throughout bolted joints. Combine with the Micro-MAX pump for a lightweight and compact bolting system.

Bolt Diameter: M16 and larger

Key Features:

• Designed with OEMs for all turbine applications;

• Lightweight and compact designs;

• Patented safety features;

• High load accuracy and repeatability;

• Fast operation using one or multiple tensioners simultaneously.

Plarad - Maschinenfabrik Wagner GmbH & Co. KG

Plarad DA2 power

The DA2power is available in 7 sizes up to 8000Nm, 4-speed gearbox and 15 electric power settings. 5.2Ah Li-Ion high-power batteries with a permanently 75% higher power output are included. Control of fastening operations and torque lock via App grant precise torque pre-selections.

Battery 3/4" to 1 1/2" 130 to 8000Nm

11.2lb to 27.5lb (5.1kg to 12.5kg)


Product: HMT Series Hydraulic Torque Wrenches

Description: The HMT-Series is a range of fast, durable, and efficient modular hydraulic torque wrenches, enabling users to tackle a broad set of bolting applications. Users can interchange cassettes with ease, switching the HLP low profile hexagon cassette with the HSQ square drive whenever the application demands.


Product: 18V MonsterLithium Cordless Torque


Description: The new CTM is designed to offer high performance while minimizing the traditional overheating problem of battery-operated tools. Intelligent joint sensing technology continually measures the joint during tightening and, when necessary, dynamically brakes to avoid torque overshoot.

Power System: Cordless

Drive Size: 1"

Torque: 118 to 3000ft/lb (160 to 4000Nm)

RPM: 6.5 to 9.5

Weight: 8.2lb to 18.3lb. (3.7kg to 8.3kg)

Noise Level: 79.1db

Power System: Hydraulic

Drive Size: Hex sizes 1 1/16" to 4 5/8" AF

Torque: 154lb to 13,489lb; 209-18,289Nm (@10,000 psi)

RPM: Oil Flow at 10,000psi varies from 15 in3/min to 60 in3/min

Weight: 2.20lb to 4.40lb (.99kg to 1.99 kg)

conditions RELIABLE IN ALL MANOSKOP® 730 Quick Experience integrated tool solutions for maintaining wind turbines. Experience the »Made in Germany« difference.



Product: High Torque DC Angle Nutrunner

Description: AcraDyne's HT DC Angle Nutrunner is a tool for servicing blades on wind turbines. The compact tool configuration allows easy access to blade bolts. The 360° swivel gearcase allows for precise placement of the tool reaction bar against reactive surfaces.

Power System: Electric 110V or 220V

Drive Size: 1"

Torque: 240 to 3000Nm; 77 to 2200ft/lb

RPM: 15 to 38RPM

Weight: 17.9lb to 20.4lb (8.1kg to 9.3kg)

Noise Level: <66dB(a)

Superbolt, Inc.

Product: Superbolt Load-Sensing Tensioners and Flexnuts

Description: These solutions allow users to monitor preload anytime, anywhere. Equipped with a strainmeasuring device, the LST analyzes the variation of the tensioner’s circumference in proportion to the variation in preload, offering remote monitoring, and live data readings. The LSF’s built-in sensors automatically measure and communicate preload values, allowing for seamless remote monitoring.

Key Features:

• Standard sizes ranging from M36M100;

• Load-Sensing Flexnut can be used in conjunction with any type of tightening method;

• Measures preload with an accuracy of ±5%;

• IP67 classed.


Product: VT-1000

Description: The VOLTA's Lithium Power provides the capability to torque hundreds of fastenings with no hoses or cords to limit the user’s reach.

Power System: Battery

Drive Size: 1"

Torque: 240 to 1000 ft/lb (330 to 1350Nm)

RPM: 2 at min torque, 8 at max torque

Weight: 11.5lb (5.2kg) w/o reaction arm and battery, 14.5lb (6.6kg )w/reaction arm and battery

Noise Level: 76 - 87db

Norwolf Tool Works, Inc.

Product: X-Driver System

Description: The X-Driver system is a multi-patented, double-acting hydraulic torque wrench based on a power head that works with 3 different drives: A Drive - low profile hex ratchet, M Drive - low profile cassette, and V Drive - square drive. A slim,

Boltight, Inc.

Product: Boltight Hydraulic Tensioners

Description: Boltight provides hydraulic tensioning solutions for the wind industry. Boltight Electric pumps feature a remote operation pendant while the Intelligent Electric Pumps improve accuracy and traceability by capturing and storing data. Bolight hydraulic foundation tensioners are reliable, easy to use, and have both a maximum stroke indicator and an extra durable gearbox where applicable.

Key Features:

• Bespoke solutions available to help quickly create the right tool for any challenge;

• Maintain high clamping force on critical joints;

• Prevent bolts from loosening against high vibration and light loading areas;

• Reduce frequency of retorquing and inspections.

Atlas Copco

Product: TorcFlex Hydraulic Torque Wrench

Description: The new Torcflex range brings a host of new features to the hydraulic wrench. Featuring a single coaxial coupling making hose connections fast, retained reaction arm, newly designed safety handle, and improved durability.

Power System: Hydraulic Drive Size: 3/4" to 2 1/2"

Torque: 0 to 32,000ft/lb

Weight: 4.5lb to 65lb (2kg to 29.5kg)

fast, easy, and versatile hydraulic wrench.

Power System: Hydraulic

Drive Size: Assorted

Torque: Assorted

Weight: Assorted

Noise Level: Assorted

North American Clean Energy 81 Tension&TorqueKit Minimalist Compact Lightweight Thesimplesolutionfor boltchecks

Bolts & Fasteners


Reliable tools and components are important in any industry, but particularly in wind power, where efficient turbine and blade construction and operation are essential to safety and project success. This issue, we’re highlighting the latest in bolts and fasteners from various companies in the industry.


Sanlin Fastener, Inc.

Product: Bolts, nuts, and stamping parts

Description: Sanlin fastener produce nuts, bolt, stamping parts, and customized products.

Application: Sanlin fastener has implemented a quality control system: ISO9001, TS16949, ISO14001, ISO45001.

Key Features:

• Long outdoor service life;

• Good anti-rust effect;

• High strength grade;

• Simple and convenient installation;

• Various surface coating options.


Product: BobTail Lockbolts

Description: Engineered lockbolts for high vibration resistance and corrosion performance

Application: Custom designed and tailor made for structural joints where low labor input is desired for maximum tensile, shear, and clamp values.

Key Features:

• Manufactured in diameters 3/16" to over 1";

• Available in multiple strength and performance grades of aluminum, steel, and stainless steel;

• Installed in as little as 2 seconds with a high level of installed value consistency;

• Coatings available for >1000 hours installed NSS;

• Up to 5x the fatigue life of standard nuts and bolts thanks to optimized geometry and heat treatment.

Sherex Fastening Solutions

Product: Disc-Lock and TEC Series Wedge Locking Products

Description: Disc-Lock and TEC Series Wedge Locking Washers and Nuts are used throughout the wind turbine to secure joints from loosening due to vibration.

Application: Wind turbine, tower anchor, rotor, rotor blades

NTC Wind Energy

Product: IronClad Bolt Caps

Description: IronClad Bolt Caps, Grout Sleeves, CorrosionX Grease, and Bolt Tensioning

Application: Foundation corrosion protection

Williams Form Engineering Corp.

Product: Foundation Anchor Bolts

Description: Threaded steel bars and accessories for rock anchors, soil anchors, high capacity concrete anchors, micropiles, tie rods, tiebacks, strand anchors, hollow bar anchors, post tensioning systems, and concrete forming hardware systems in the construction industry.

Application: Foundation anchors for wind turbines

ITH Engineering

Product: IHF Fasteners

Description: IHF fasteners are designed for use with ITH tensioners to achieve maintenance-free bolted joints. The optimized design eliminates the need for washers and allows high utilization of the yield point, small bolt dimensions can be used with the same tensioning force.

Application: IHF fasteners are generally used in steel construction, especially on flanges. Available standard dimensions are M36 to M80.

Key Features:

• DIBt approved;

• Maintenance-free;

• Substitute common bolts and nuts;

• Highest accuracy and repeatability in clamp loads;

• Flanges can be designed more compact and reduce costs.

82 2023 MARCH • APRIL ///

Nucor Steel

Product: Fasteners

Description: Nucor Fastener manufactures hex head cap screws, finished hex nuts, structural bolting assemblies, and flange bolts, with expanded product lines to include build-to-print fasteners with customized head styles, dimensions, grades, and finishes.They are able to accommodate special finishes, patches, adhesives, and other secondary processing requests.

Application: Steel products for custom solar projects

Key Features:

• Made in the USA;

• Advanced tracking system documents full history of steel from raw material through shipping;

• Low cost, long lasting engineered solutions;

• Made from recycled steel;

• ISO9001:-ANSI/ISO/ASQ Q90012015, ISO/TS 16949:2016, ANSI/ISO 14001:2015 registered.


HEICO Fastening Systems

Product: HEICO-LOCK Wedge-Lock Washers

Description: HEICO's certified bolt fastening system works safely in dry and lubricated conditions. They can be reused consistently without loss of function or quality, and cost up to 50% less than comparable fasteners. HEICO-LOCK Wedge-Lock Washers are suitable for use with high-tensile bolts of grade 8.8, 10.9 or 12.9 and their respective nuts.

Application: A wedge locking system that prevents bolted joint self-loosening for critical applications subjected to vibration and dynamic shock loads. Typical applications include wind turbines, heavy machinery (i.e. construction, processing, and agriculture), mining and quarrying, oil and gas, etc.

Key Features:

• Supplied as a pre-assembled pair that is easy to install and remove;

• Will not rust, break or vibrate loose;

• Certified system for securing bolts, working at low and high preload levels;

• Particularly suitable for dynamic loads, including when using lubricants;

• Available from M3-M76 and 1/4"-3" in steel or stainless steel with narrow or wide bearing surfaces.

North American Clean Energy 83

Nord-Lock, Inc.

Product: Nord-Lock Wedge-Locking


Description: Nord-Lock’s wedge-locking technology secures bolted joints, even when exposed to severe vibration and dynamic loads. Their products do not loosen unintentionally due to the wedge created underneath the bolt head and nut.

Application: Rear main bearing, gearbox to generator coupling, rotor blade to gearbox coupling, main shaft to hub, blade bearing, front main bearing, nacelle yaw bearing, nacelle frame, tower bolting, ladder railings/ platforms, foundation bolting

Key Features:

• Laser marked with the Nord-Lock brand name, control number, and a type code to ensure customers receive genuine Nord-Lock washers with full traceability down to the first assembly;

• Standard range available for bolt sizes M3 - M130;

• Available in 5 different materials; steel, stainless steel, 254 SMO, INCONEL / HASTELLOY, and C-276 INCONEL 718;

• Washers available with enlarged outer diameter (SP washers);

• Reliable bolt securing system at high and low clamp loads.


Wind, Solar, Energy Storage Tech—HEICO Fastening Systems has precise, proven and reliable solutions to ensure critical bolted joints stay secured under dynamic loads, thermal extremes, high vibration environments and tight spaces.

Valley Forge & Bolt Manufacturing Company

Product: Maxbolt Load Indicating Fastener System

Description: Valley Forge now has direct tension measurement available via a remote wireless group of meters.

Application: Wind turbine yaw puck assemblies, blade bolts, tower anchor bolts, tower section bolts.

Key Features:

• Continuously measures and displays the amount of tension on a bolt or stud;

• Monitors clamping force while the fastener is in service;

• In-service monitoring reduces potential for premature wear, expensive downtime, and catastrophic joint failure;

• Compatible with conventional tightening and tensioning equipment;

• Sealed to withstand harsh environments and submersion from -40°F to 180°F.


Product: Raptor Polymer Composite Staples and Nails

Description: RAPTOR staples are high performing composite staples suitable for users who require a metal-free, rust-free, and light-weight fastening solution. They are a solution for securing core materials in wind blade manufacturing.

Application: Widely used in wind turbine blade manufacturing, RAPTOR Staples and Nails compliment any composites application utilizing RTM, VARTM, pre-preg, fiberglass mat, carbon fiber mat, or SCRIMP lay-up, and many other composites applications. It is not necessary to remove RAPTOR fasteners because they will not corrode or delaminate, and provide strong interfacial bonding.

Copper State Bolt & Nut

Product: LMF+ Load Monitoring Fastener

Description: Load Monitoring Fastener (LMF+) wireless fastener tension monitoring system provides continuous and actual values of tension during and after assembly. Pre-defined limits offer in-use monitoring and alerts. View real-time precise bolt tension values with Bluetooth reader app that works on smart phones, laptops, or a transceiver that sends bolt data to the Cloud for the user’s analysis.

Application: LMF+ used where fasteners (M20-M100) require accurate tension during installation and retorque, and where a text or email alert is a benefit when fasteners come loose or are over stressed. LMF+ provides monitoring for optimized performance and predictive maintenance.

84 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// • 888.822.5661 • Hickory, NC HEICO-TEC® Tension Nuts HEICO-LOCK® Wedge Lock Washers



Batteries - All Iron Flow

Batteries - Lead Acid

Batteries - Li-Ion

Batteries - Redox Flow

Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS)

Battery Testing, Inspection, Safety




Cooling | Thermal Management

Cyber Security

Development Consultant

Drafting & Engineering

Education | Research Development

Electrical Energy Storage

Electrical Insulation

2023 2023 BUYERS GUIDE


Electronics Contract Manufacturing


Energy Storage Metering

Energy Storage Systems

Energy Storage Systems - Commercial

Energy Storage Systems - Grid-Connected

Energy Storage Systems - Off-Grid

Energy Storage Systems - Residential

Engineering Consultant

EPC Services

EV Charging

Fire Protection Foundations

Hybrid Systems

Hydrogen Sensing Installers



Manufacturing Equipment




Power Electronics for PV Solar Systems

Rapid Shutdown Systems



Software Supplier

Storage Products & Services

Testing | Certification



Transportation | Logistics

Wildlife Deterrents

North American Clean Energy 85
Cover image provided by: Black & Veatch ///


Natron Energy

ACE Battery Co., Ltd.

EnerGuard, ACE's LiFePO4 battery for residential energy storage, is designed to help households store and use energy more efficiently. Based on the intelligent lithium-ion technology, it provides a long service life with high efficiency, safety, and reliability. Advantages include an optimized cycle life more than 6000, usable energy up to 100%, and smart temperature control. It is constructed for harsh environments with IP65, water and dust proof, along with a long warranty. Moreover, it is compatible with all major inverter brands, and ACE provides battery / inverter packages as well.

Charge Solar

Charge Solar provides off-grid and grid-tied battery storage solutions throughout Canada. For over 30 years they have stocked grid-tied batteries from SolarEdge and Enphase, and off-grid batteries from Rolls (Surrette), Simpliphi, and Stark. They also carry a wide range of solar panel and inverter brands.

Fullriver Battery

Fullriver has been producing reliable, long-life batteries for energy storage for more than 25 years. The DC400-6 (6-volt) and DC1150-2 (2-volt) are just two the many options they offer.

Natron’s sodium-ion batteries are UL1973 recognized and have passed rigorous UL9540A fire testing, offer high power density, fast recharge, and long cycle life. Natron builds its batteries using commodity materials on existing cell manufacturing lines. Natron Energy’s mission is to transform industrial and grid energy storage markets by providing customers with low cost, long lasting, efficient, and safe batteries.


The SolarEdge Home battery provides highlyefficient energy storage by eliminating unnecessary power conversions through DC-coupled technology. Each battery provides 9.7kWh of backup capacity and multiple batteries can be stacked on a single backup system, for partial or full-home backup. The SolarEdge Home battery is compliant with UL9540A. Accessible cable management and wireless communication speed up installation and decrease commissioning times. Further, the DC-coupled design reduces significant costs in potential MPUs and main breaker derating, even when stacking.

Batteries - All Iron Flow ESS, Inc.

The Energy Warehouse (EW) provides safe, sustainable, long-duration energy storage using earth-abundant iron, salt, and water. The long life – >20,000 cycles, 25-year design life, low maintenance, iron-flow battery is cost effective and easy to scale. The EW reduces or eliminates the need for hazmat permits for transport, HVAC, fire suppression, and end-of-life disposal planning. A unique chemistry provides flexibility to shift between charge and discharge and rate of storage as needed for efficient energy management. Suitable for commercial and utility-scale energy storage applications, the EW is manufactured in America by ESS Inc. in Wilsonville, OR.

Batteries - Lead Acid

Batteries - Li-Ion

Maxdura Battery

Maxdura Battery is an industrial battery supplier across North America, which brings high-quality products and battery maintenance services to their valued customers. Their business includes new and fully reconditioned forklift batteries, forklift chargers, storage battery for solar, wind, and on/off-grid system, battery rental, battery parts and accessories, battery recycling, battery inspection, repair services, and more.

Sun Xtender Batteries

VRLA-AGM Deep Cycle Renewable and Maintenance Free Battery PVX-1530T of the Sun Xtender renewable energy battery product line is a 30H Tall battery size, a 12V option used in both grid tied and off grid renewable energy storage systems. A low impedance renewable energy battery design with excellent charge acceptance. There is no current limit with controlled voltage charging. VRLA-AGM is a sealed, maintenance free deep cycle battery requiring no watering. Copper alloy terminals keep the Sun Xtender renewable energy battery free from dissimilar metal corrosion and there is no exposure to lead. Shipped fully charged and ready for installation. All Sun Xtender Batteries ship Hazmat Exempt by land, sea, and air.

U.S. Battery Manufacturing

U.S. Battery Manufacturing has been building flooded lead acid batteries since 1926 and manufactures deep cycle batteries specifically for many industries, worldwide. The company’s RE Series batteries are designed to provide high peak capacity, long cycle life, and reliability for use in industrial or residential renewable energy applications. RE Series batteries utilize the company’s XC2 formulation and Diamond Plate Technology to create an efficient battery plate, delivering high watt-hours per liter and watt-hours per kilogram.


Adaptiphy presents the ALTO-CAB, an advanced energy storage system designed to meet the demands of the renewable energy industry. With its agnostic battery compatibility and robust performance, even in temperatures as low as -22°F (-30°C), the ALTO-CAB offers flexible energy storage capabilities. The system requires no cables to connect the ALTO-500Wh or ALTO-250Wh batteries, making installation simple. The built-in monitoring capabilities provide easy and accurate monitoring of each battery module's health and charge status. Backed by a warranty of 15 years, extendable to 25 years, this sustainable technology is designed for long-term durability and reliable performance.

American Battery Factory

American Battery Factory focuses exclusively on manufacturing and enhancing high-performance prismatic LFP batteries; safe, long-lasting, reliable, and eco-friendly batteries. Avoiding the use of nickel and cobalt, ABF's materials are ethically sourced and long lasting, making them a suitable option for durable and dependable energy storage systems including in commercial EVs. The company aims to begin production shortly with a recently announced gigafactory planned for construction in Tucson, AZ that will empower consumers, households, utilities, and more to become truly energy independent.

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Bioenno Power

Based in Santa Ana, California, Bioenno Power offers lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries for various solar and industrial applications. The company's "BLF-" series offers a 10-year service life, 1/4 the weight of SLA batteries, and built in circuitry that balances/equalizes cells, protects against overcharging, overdischarge, overcurrent, and overvoltage.

Garnde Solar Energy

Garnde and its partners have invested in the production of Lithium Iron (LiFePO4) batteries, and they have been working to continuously improve technology and reduce costs of lithium batteries. Garnde have developed their EnerBank LiFePO4 Battery (12V-100Ah, 12V-150Ah, 12V-200Ah) which will bring large market opportunities to replace lead-acid or gel battery in solar systems. A cost-effective energy storage solution that provides >12 years service life span, and >5000 cycles @ DoD 80%.

Kronus Engineering

Kronus Engineering’s DOLOMITE battery storage system provides affordable backup power for commercial buildings. Whether running standalone or connected to renewable power or the grid, the adaptable, high-performance solution helps save energy, reduce utility bills, and provides reliable energy security for thousands of cycles. With a base module capacity of 70kWh, the DOLOMITE is scalable to meet a wide range of energy needs. Like Kronus’s other battery products, the DOLOMITE has quick startup times, noiseless power, a small carbon footprint, and requires little maintenance.

Pylon Technologies Co., Ltd.

Guangzhou Great Power Energy and Technology Co., Ltd.

Established in 2001, Guangzhou Great Power Energy & Technology Co., is a public company with expertise in R&D and production of lithium-ion battery cells, particularly for energy storage applications.

Dürr Systems, Inc.

Dürr is a global supplier of production machinery for lithium-ion battery electrodes, including tandem and simultaneous two-sided coating lines and integrated solvent recovery and refining systems. From R&D to mass production, Dürr offers easy-to-use laboratory coating machines and production lines with patented two-sided coating capability. For other advanced materials markets, like fuel cells, battery separators, composites, or membranes, Dürr offers customized industrial dryers designed to meet the requirements of each project. In addition, they offer a wide variety of pollution control technologies, including oxidizers and particulate control equipment.


There may not be a one-size-fits-all deep cycle battery for solar storage, but the HLX+ series from KiloVault comes close. This 12V lithium battery comes in 100Ah, 200Ah, and 300Ah capacities and strikes a balance between performance, ease of use, and affordability.

LEOCH Battery Corporation

LEOCH 48V LFELI Series, Lithium Iron Phosphate (LIFEPO4) batteries offer exceptional cycling performance of 10,000 cycles @ 50% DOD, 3500 cycles @ 100% DOD, and can be put into parallel for 48VDC, 1600AH capacity. These batteries are equipped with a built-in Battery Management System (BMS) and optional LCD screen for hassle-free maintenance.

Lithium Power, Inc.

ESS-500-48 is a lithium-ion rechargeable NMC battery pack. Designed for telecom UPS and other mission critical applications, the back-up battery comes with built-in safety protections, gas gauge, cell and pack balancing, as well as communication. Various communication protocols are available such as CANBus, SMBus, Bluetooth, and more. Around 60 parameters of battery information can be delivered live or saved in the battery's history data log. The battery pack is designed to meet UN, UL, and IEC certification requirements.

Pelio’s advanced features and capabilities offer users r security, high energy density, high power efficiency, strong capacity scalability, and 24/7 monitoring with an intelligent monitoring platform. Pylontech’s self-developed high-energy-density cells make for a lightweight, yet high-capacity battery, while its modular design allows for easy expansion from 5kWh to 100kWh. The Pylontech Pelio battery provides power efficiency with 4kW continuous/6.14kW@ 15min/10.24kW@15sec. Meanwhile, the IP65 rating ensures that Pelio is suitable for outdoor environments.

Reliance Lithium Werks

Reliance Lithium Werks (RLW) manufactures lithium-ion cells and custom battery systems that can be arranged with cells at 3.3VDC up to systems of 1000VDC, from kWh to MWh. RLW’s Lithium Iron Nanophosphate (LiFePO4) chemistry delivers high power, extreme safety, fast-charging, and is suitable for energy storage. They make custom battery solutions for long duration and long life solar and wind energy storage.

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Rolls Battery Engineering

Designed for true drop-in replacement in standard BCI sizing, Rolls S-Series 12V and 24V LFP lithium models offer a maintenance-free, lightweight flooded, and SLA alternative with fast charge/discharge capability, built-in BMS with operating protections, 4x series and 4x parallel connectivity for 48V system configuration, and up to 6x parallel (no series) connection. Enhanced features including a built-in display with controls, visual state-of-charge indicator, external fuse access, and heating for -4°F - 32°F (-20°C to 0°C) charging are also integrated. Rolls S-Series LFP lithium models deliver a cycle life of >6000 cycles @ 80% DOD, and are backed by a 3-year full replacement manufacturer warranty

Batteries - Redox Flow

Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS)

Invinity Energy Systems

Invinity's VS3 is a high-throughput, non-flammable battery for grid-scale, C&I, and microgrid applications. The modular architecture means units can be combined to form systems 1MWh to over 50MWh. Unlimited cycling provides the operational freedom to maximize ROI, and their 25+ year lifespan matches solar and wind assets. Invinity has contracted or deployed over 65MWh of systems at over 50 projects around the world.

Lockheed Martin

Developed in the U.S. by Lockheed Martin, GridStar Flow is an innovative redox flow battery designed with patented technology to advance clean energy goals, grid resilience, energy affordability, and sustainability for utility, commercial, Department of Defense, and other federal energy applications. GridStar Flow owns more than 60 patents for innovations in flow battery technology and chemistry.

American Battery Solutions

American Battery Solutions’ 7MWh Li, LFP TeraStor’s factory packaged and tested solution includes its own DC/AC power conversion, auxiliary power system, liquid cooling and heating equipment, and energy management (EMS) functions. The TeraStor unit is self-powered, self-cooled, and self-managed, eliminating the need for on-site auxiliary power, costly sitework, and other onsite infrastructure. TeraStor's Parallel Before Series unique architecture significantly reduces the number of parts and potential points of failure. TeraStor is intermodal compliant for easy shipping and placement on-site. Commissioning can begin in just six hours. TeraStor is simple to purchase, install, operate, and maintain.

Discover Battery

LYNK II Communications Gateway is a powerful tool to unlock the full power of electronic batteries. It serves as a communications bridge, programmable relay controller, and an insightful window into the battery management system of all Discover Battery's LiFePO4 energy storage solutions. LYNK II enables and establishes closedloop communications with all major brands of power electronics to provide dynamic charging, real-time visibility through remote cloud monitoring, and historical battery data, and it enables firmware and feature updates providing homeowners with the full benefit of Discover's storage advances throughout the battery’s service life.

Schneider Electric

Stay powered for longer during an outage with Schneider Boost battery. Storing energy from solar or the grid, Boost automatically powers a home during outages and when electricity rates are high. Pair it with Schneider Pulse smart electric panel to control what to power on the fly during an outage, extending battery runtime up to 80%. 10kWh battery capacity, Boost is expandable to 3 batteries per inverter and can be paired with generators for an additional source of backup power. Boost is a Li-ion battery using cobalt-free LFP chemistry. Available in H2 2023.

Redflow Limited

Redflow produces small and scalable, commercially available zinc-bromine flow battery. Their batteries are designed for high cyclerate, long to medium duration energy storage applications in the telecommunications, C&I, and grid services sectors, and are scalable from a single battery installation through to grid-scale deployments. Redflow’s smart, self-protecting batteries offer unique advantages including secure remote management, 100% daily depth of discharge, tolerance of high ambient temperatures, a simple recycling path, no propensity for thermal runaway, and sustained energy delivery throughout their operating life.

Black & Veatch

Black & Veatch combines industry knowledge, technology, comprehensive lifecycle services, planning through full EPC and O&M, and a safety commitment to help customers achieve their long-duration and hybrid renewable energy storage goals today and into the future.

Blue Planet Energy

The Blue Ion HI energy storage system provides safety and performance. With the advanced lithium ferrous phosphate technology (LFP, LiFePO4) the Blue Ion HI is precise and backed by a 15-year warranty. Its multiple safety certifications, including UL 9540A, make it a safe choice. This system seamlessly integrates with any 48V battery-based inverter, 3-phase power system, AC, or DC coupled. With a modular design, there are 8, 12, or 16kWh capacity options which are easily expandable with stackable enclosures. The Blue Ion HI meets the needs of both on/off grid residential and commercial settings with its versatility and scalability.


The Mojave Lithium Energy Storage System enables robust, reliable energy storage for virtually any situation. The advanced system features a footprint of just two square feet, suitable for applications with limited space. Engineered with safety and dependability in mind, the Mojave Lithium Energy Storage System is Underwriter Laboratories (UL) 1973 and UL 9540 Listed.

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Generac Power Systems, Inc.

The PWRcell Solar + Battery Storage System features a NEMA 3R battery cabinet, a 7.6kW single-phase inverter, and intelligent load management. PWRcell’s modular design allows the system to range from 9 – 36kWh capacity on a single inverter. The PWRmanager advanced load management device extends battery duration even further by automatically managing loads to prevent inverter overload. PWRmanager provides the homeowner with user-friendly control of up to 12 loads, so they can prioritize what gets power and when. Generac has committed its efforts to ensuring that the PWRcell solution meets the needs of homeowners and installers alike with superior performance, reliability, and flexibility.


Leclanché's LeBlock is a safe, fully modular, and scalable energy storage solution for large installations, microgrids, and EV fast charging systems. LeBlock reduces the total cost of ownership, and environmental footprint, through simplified logistics and installation, possible reconfiguration, and easy return for recycling at the end of its life cycle. Each BatteryBlock ships with fully pre-installed and configured battery racks with up to 745kWh of lithium-ion batteries, including a temperature management and standard fire protection system. Four interconnected LeBlock blocks form a standard 20ft ISO container with no packaging waste or need for additional transport containers.

Michels Power, Inc.

Michels Power, Inc. supports America’s electrical and communication backbone by delivering comprehensive overhead and underground construction services for 69kV to 765kV electric utility systems and fiber networks. Building transmission and distribution power lines, electrical substations, and communication systems from coast to coast, Michels Power maximizes the potential of new and existing technologies. The company’s technical abilities support energy transition and developing solutions in decarbonization, including solar, wind, hydrogen, carbon capture, battery energy storage, and renewable natural gas (RNG) markets.

Moment Energy

Moment Energy provides clean, affordable, and reliable energy storage systems (ESS) by repurposing retired electric vehicle (EV) batteries. Moment Energy's ESS helps with peak shaving for on-grid, commercial customers, which allows them to reduce energy costs. Moment Energy's ESS enables off-grid sites to lower diesel generator use and install solar or wind power systems. It is possible to reduce diesel consumption by up to 40% with Moment Energy's ESS, even without the availability of renewables. Their solutions stack with 48kWh building blocks to accommodate any sizing needs

Pylon Technologies Co., Ltd.

PowerCube-M3 is a high-voltage energy storage system based on self-developed lithium battery technology. It features a 3-level BMS that can manage and monitor cell information, as well as built-in protection elements to manage the protection of the entire battery system. The battery modules also include a BMU to balance cells during each cycle to extend cycle life. The PowerCube-M3 is compact and versatile, making it suitable for application scenarios with limited installation space, restricted load-bearing, and long cycle life requirements. It has passed several certifications, including UL9540A, IEC6269, CE, and UL1973.

Paladin Power, Inc.

Paladin Power energy storage system (ESS) is an all-in-one residential battery and hybrid inverter solution that is designed to be on or off grid, low cost, easy to install, and can power all circuits in a home plus EVs. Paladin is an NEM 3.0 solution for solar installers. Scalable inverters to 21KW and stackable batteries from 24KW to 96KW all in the same cabinet without having to add additional equipment or components. Everything, including batteries, inverters, and connections are enclosed in one system making it easy to install.

Paladin ESS is SGIP approved in California including UL 1741, ETL, CEC, IEEE 1541, and UL 9540a. Paladin can be used for residential, commercial, EVs, farms, and more. Paladin Power ESS comes with a 20-year warranty and is approved with popular lenders for B2C. It gets better; Paladin has a unique logistics and delivery system that can provide for delivery of the unit to your end user customer when the contractor is ready for installation.


Rosendin Renewable Energy Group (RREG) is a full-service Solar EPC under Rosendin, a diversified Union electrical contractor. RREG also provides in-house full-service design-build solutions for Battery Energy Storage Systems for all types of renewable energy projects nationwide. RREG supplies technology-agnostic BESS solutions for most all frequency control, and regulation, demand response, load shifting, peak shaving, microgrid, and backup power applications.

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Schaltbau North America

Schaltbau has been an international supplier of safety-relevant electromechanical components since 1929, Schaltbau develops and manufactures contactors, plugs, and switching systems with a focus on direct current (DC) technology. They provide solutions across industry applications, including high-voltage battery management systems for electric vehicles, charging stations, and battery test stands. Their DC technology is embedded in their newest production facility, enabling significant contribution to energy savings.

Shoals Technologies Group

Shoals provides electrical balance of systems (EBOS) solutions for utility-scale solar. Shoals also provides customized and semi-customized BESS solutions to EPCs, OEMs, construction firms, utilities, developers, and asset owners to fit each site’s unique needs.

Univix Power Solutions

Univix Power Solutions, located in Laconia NH, manufactures solutions for every energy storage scenario from residential to commercial. Their regular production products include a full line of batteries from 250Ah and up, inverters from 4-12kW in single phase, to 250kW 3 phase. Their BESS product, The Bank, is an easy to install and use, all-in-one solution for residential and small commercial customers. Made in the USA.

Snake Tray

Snake Tray’s Snake Max XL for Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) is a complete cable management solution for interconnecting batteries to inverters, utility grids, or solar farms. This system can accommodate cables ranging from 350-1250 Kcmil, and is NEC 301.15 code compliant for cable separation. The open-air design requires no trenching, removes the need to de-rate conductors, and with pre-fabricated turns, TEE’s and intersections lowers the overall cost of labor and materials. The system is compatible with any inverter, transformer, and all battery storage systems. 100% Made in the USA.

Urban Electric Power

Urban Electric Power’s Ohm Pod is a utility-scale or C&I modular Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) designed for outdoor installation. Scalable from 100kWh to several 100MWh, the Ohm Pod is a competitive, safe, and reliable rechargeable alkaline battery energy storage system. It is a safe alternative to lithium systems, with no thermal runaway, and UL9540a certified.

Battery Testing, Inspection, Safety


KG Technologies, Inc.

KG Technologies, Inc. provides high-quality customized switching, measurement, and protection solutions for renewable energy, EV charging, and battery storage applications. Products include latching relays, HVDC contactors, current transformers, hall-effect transducers, and circuit breakers.

Cornell Dubilier Electronics

Cornell Dubilier offers a wide selection of DC Link Film Capacitors ranging from board-level box types to large bus-mounted capacitors used in large inverter systems. Typical applications include UPS, welders, variable speed drives, battery chargers, and wind and solar energy inverters.


Bender Inc.

Insulation monitoring devices detect symmetrical insulation and DC faults that often occur in control circuits and DC voltage networks such as those found in battery energy storage systems. When insulation resistance is monitored, trend curves and other predictions can be made. A permanently installed iso685 from Bender Inc. is a solution for monitoring battery energy storage systems because faults and locations are automatically detected and displayed. This significantly reduces time and effort required for maintenance work.

Chroma Systems Solutions, Inc.

Chroma 62000E Series of Programmable DC Power Supplies provide single-channel output of 1.7kW, 3.4kW, and 5kW, as well as three channel of 1.7kW output each configured in a high power density 1U chassis. The 28 models offer fixedand autorange output with current ratings up to 22.5A and voltage ratings up to 1200V. The 62000E series provides constant voltage (CV) and constant current (CC) modes so that users may switch the output priority based on testing requirements. Along with its high precision measurement output, its high-speed transient response and low noise satisfies a variety of devices and test applications in both labs and automated test system integration.


The c3controls product portfolio of 15 million+ configurations provides the OEM with components for all energy management applications including EV, solar, and energy storage systems.

Striving for a sustainable future, c3controls is looking forward to introducing DC isolators, DC miniature circuit breakers, UL98 disconnect switches, and a high density shorting terminal block, all to further support and protect the transition to renewable energy. For complete solutions, c3controls operates a UL 508A panel shop. Vertically integrated and based in the USA, c3controls offers supply chain efficiency with a same-day shipping guarantee. All products carry a lifetime warranty.


The Littelfuse Energy Storage Rack (ESR) fuses are designed specifically to protect battery racks from a range of fault currents to help prevent equipment damage and expensive system failures. The 1500V direct current (DC) high-speed square body fuse is fast-acting to respond quickly, safeguarding the battery module or other devices in energy storage, power conversion, DC common bus systems, and hybrid photovoltaic battery energy storage system (PV-BESS) inverters. The ESR is a Class aBat partial range fuse with short circuit protection and a low minimum breaking capacity, from 300% or three times the fuse rated current to a maximum DC fault current of 250kA.

Paige Renewable Energy

Paige Renewable Energy has been a provider of wire and cable solutions for over 60 years. Paige offers 35kV, 2kV, 600V PV, hybrid aluminum/wire cables, and more. With expertise in overmolding and redundant North American factories, Paige offers overmolded harnesses, string extenders, and jumpers. All orders can be custom labeled, prefabricated, kitted, and bundled with coordinated shipping and delivery, for a truly plug and play installation.

Marine Fasteners

For more than 35 years, Marine Fasteners has provided customers with stainless steel fasteners and value-added customer service. Marine has a full line of 304 and 316 bolts, socket products, screws, nuts, washers, pins, and other exotic fasteners. They offer multiple secondary processes and stock a proprietary line of chromeplated inventory. Their multiple stocking locations provide nationwide coverage to insure on-time delivery.


Mechanical and chemical attributes of the weather resistant Nylon 612 Cable Ties provide resistance to UV rays and chemical attack when exposed to various concentrations of salts, hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons bases, and acid rain. Nylon 612 ties offer up to 20 years of weathering life expectancy and resistance to zinc chlorides and diluted acids. Used for wire management on galvanized surfaces and frames, Nylon 612 Cable Ties are suitable for outdoor applications where temperatures range from -76°F (-60°C) up to 194°F (90°C). The one-piece design with locking wedge provides low thread force for easy and reliable installation. This feature improves productivity and reduces operator fatigue.

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SIBA Fuses

SIBA designs and manufactures advanced circuit protection fuses for a wide range of applications, such as BESS, PV, AC and DC semiconductor applications, Traction, AC and new 1000VDC UL drives, Transformers: dry, under-oil, and overhead, capacitors, filter and harmonic banks, and their line of circuit level SMD and miniature fuses. SIBA’s full line of fuses can be found in large installations from capacitor banks to BESS installations, from the battery level to the substation.

Morningstar Corporation

GenStar MPPT is a fully integrated solar DC charging system, an all-new design with lithium DNA. It delivers Morningstar quality, efficiency, power, and reliability along with advanced communications, load management and control technologies. GenStar innovation includes many installer-requested features, including key communications and control functions. Additional features can be easily added via Morningstar’s ReadyRail technology, with snap-in ReadyBlocks that add functionality including battery metering and monitoring, signaling and load control, and lithium battery communications/control. The expandable GenStar is available in three models with up to 100A maximum current, and fully future-proofed to meet system needs today and tomorrow.


Techspan is an independently owned distributer of CSA approved electrical and automotive products, providing these products to the Canadian market for the last 30 years. Their Fusetek line includes a wide range of solar fuses and fuse holders, as well as the IMO solar product line. They carry a substantial inventory to provide fast, reliable delivery for their customers.

Controllers Cachelan

Cachelan is a solar and EMS monitoring solutions company that provides SCADA, DAS, and microgrid control solutions via low cost controllers. Consolidated and streamlined software help with O&M and Asset Management of solar and storage portfolios in a vendor and OEM independent manner. Users will receive high fidelity alerts of equipment issues and connect weather sensors, meters, and site cameras. Cachelan interfaces with all major inverter and equipment manufacturers, and works with providers to provide varying levels of integration and control options for battery and energy storage projects. All controllers are bundled with a software, cloud DAS, and asset management piece.

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Cooling Systems | Thermal Management

Development Consulting TerraPro Solutions

Electrical Energy Storage

Electrical Insulation


Marvair wall-mount air conditioners are versatile problem solvers for a wide range of energy storage applications. Marvair’s energy efficient wall-mount air conditioners meet or exceed the US Department of Energy‘s Btu/h efficiency levels of 11 EER for units less than 65,000 BTUh cooling capacity and 10 EER for units larger than 65,000 BTUh. Electronically commutated indoor fan motors combined with highly efficient scroll compressors result in these high Energy Efficiency Ratios (EER’s).

Stego, Inc.

The CS 060 is a touch-safe heater for use in enclosures including optimization for designs in battery storage. The design of the heater utilizes natural convection which results in a circulating current of warm air. The surface temperatures on the accessible side surfaces of the housing are minimized as a result of the heater design. Their complete range of thermostats and hygrostats can directly be connected to the heater. The CS 060 is also available in a version with a plug-in thermostat requiring no additional wiring (CSF 060). These heaters are suitable for permanent operation.

Cyber Security

TerraPro Solutions specializes in risk mitigation along the entire utility scale project development continuum. Their expertise includes site feasibility, land acquisition, and due diligence for investment and financing of solar, wind, transmission, and storage projects. This includes technical viability, environmental impact, and long-term financial soundness. Their detailed decision-making matrix diminishes the potential that risk factors will be overlooked and ensures that all stakeholders make informed decisions.

Drafting & Engineering GreenLancer

GreenLancer is an online marketplace for solar and EVC installers to get standardized, quality permit drafting and engineering solutions with speed, scale, and reliability. The platform allows for batch project management, in-app communication, and a team of support specialists to help solar businesses save time and money. Since 2013, GreenLancer has served more than 5000 solar installers on over 150,000 projects, and deployed $1.8 billion (and counting) in commercial and residential solar nationwide.

Education | Research Development

Atlantic Clean Energy Supply (ACES) ACES works with residential, C&I, and utility battery energy storage system manufacturers to provide a one-stop-shop solution to meet energy independence goals. They offer residential hybrid on/off-grid solar + BESS, C&I outdoor cabinet BESS, and utility-scale container BESS. They also work with solar equipment manufacturers to help customers deliver more solar projects, including solar panels, inverters, racking systems, and many more.

GRT Genesis

Stäubli Electrical Connectors

MC4-Evo stor is a high-quality DC connection for battery energy storage systems. The MC4 photovoltaic connector portfolio of Stäubli now features a DC connection solution for battery energy storage systems called MC4-Evo stor. This mateable connection between the inverter and storage system simplifies the installation and offers long-term, robust, durable, and low-loss connection quality. The MC4-Evo stor solution offers a cable coupler model and a panel receptacle mounted on the inverter and the battery energy storage device. Its quality and performance are confirmed by TÜV and UL certificates.

Iron Spear Information Security, Ltd.

Iron Spear is a Canadian cyber security advisory and management firm specializing in building, operating, and measuring cyber security programs across a variety of industries in both IT and OT environments. They deliver robust and cost effective cyber security services to Canadian and American organizations including measuring the effectiveness of current cyber security programs, assisting with certain components of a program, or building brand new cyber security programs.

Powering America

Powering America’s team, consisting of craftspersons who are members of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and their signatory contractors, including those who are members of the National Electrical Contractors Association, can help design highly efficient, even “Zero Net”, construction projects, perform energy audits, and ensure the right electrical systems are installed, so customers can lower their energy costs and quickly recover their investments.

GRT Genesis is a Canadian-owned supplier of a wide variety of high performance mechanicaland electrical-grade laminated sheets, tubes, rods, pultruded shapes, punched and machined parts in numerous critical applications and market segments. GRT is a global provider of motor slot wedges, ripple-spring spacers, coil blocks and shims, rotor and armature insulation, pole collars, panels, barriers, bus supports, trays, standoffs, coverboards, and many other components in powergen, transformers and switchgear, steelmaking, pulp and paper, solar, windpower, transit, and heavy machinery markets both in North America and globally.


Nel Hydrogen

Nel Hydrogen manufacturers Alkaline and Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) water electrolysers, producing from 0.27 Nm3 to 19,400 Nm3 of H2 per hour. Units can be grouped together into electrolyser plants for even larger production rates. Electrolysers are used to store excess electricity from renewable resources in the H2 bond. The H2 can then be sold to industry (converting curtailed power to cash), or burned in a turbine or run through a fuel cell to put the stored energy onto the grid during periods of low generation or peak demand. Due to their fast response times the PEM electrolysers are also used by renewable energy plants to balance the power the plant puts onto the grid.

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Next Hydrogen

Next Hydrogen’s water electrolyser is designed to integrate intermittent renewable electric power sources and clean hydrogen production on an infrastructure scale. Next Hydrogen’s patented cell architecture, which enables modules up to 500 Nm3/h, gives operational flexibility, while delivering the lifecycle economics of alkaline systems. Since it can run at a high current density, its has a large operating range, and because gas-liquid separators and gas coolers are built inside the module, multi-MW hydrogen generation plants can be pre-assembled in shipping containers, reducing the cost of plant construction. Packaged hydrogen generators are offered with 100, 300, and 500 NM3/h output capacities.

Electronics Contract Manufacturing

SigmaTron International

SigmaTron International is a global provider of electronics contract manufacturing services to companies wishing to outsource their electronics manufacturing requirements. This full service support can include engineering support, PCBA manufacturing, systems-level manufacturing, fulfillment to end customers, and repair depot support for installed products. The company has experience in power management and control products, and can assist with design for manufacturability and test development. Manufacturing facilities are located in Illinois, California, Mexico, China, and Vietnam.


EZ Solar

The mission at EZ SOLAR is to make solar simpler with innovative products that are high quality, installer friendly, and cost effective. Made from advanced durable polycarbonate, EZ Solar rooftop junction boxes are designed to last for life. With three patented layers of water protection, and two weep holes for breathability, and a 25-year warranty, installers and homeowners can rest assured there will be no leaking. There are three different models to choose from to get just the right box for each install. Compatible with composite shingle and tile roofs.

Maysteel Industries, LLC

Maysteel designs and fabricates custom sheet metal enclosures to support renewable energy technology, including energy and battery storage, fuel cells, and electric vehicle (EV) charging. From meeting NEMA standards and UL requirements to improving product scalability, they ensure their product can withstand environmental stressors and protect internal technology.

SERVICES MA 232 MWh 37 projects Ontario 81 MWh 10 projects MD 12 MWh 4 projects NY 76 MWh 9 projects NC 11 MWh Japan 3 MWh TX 68 MWh NV 1 4 GWh 1 project

PEKO Precision Products, Inc.

PEKO is a vertically-integrated contract manufacturer that works with OEMs and other industry professionals to bring new machinery and equipment to market. PEKO provides manufacturing at all stages of the product development cycle, including earlystage product development, prototyping, pilot builds, and full-rate production, and is backed by ISO 9001, AS9100, ISO 13485, IPC-A620, and NIST 800-171 certifications. Their in-house capabilities include CNC machining, sheet metal fabrication, welding, engineering, assembly, systems integration, powder coating, and wet painting. All finished builds are assembled, tested, and shipped from their facility in Rochester, NY, USA.

Sentinel Control Products, Inc.

The Sentinel “CS” Family of Control Switch Safety Covers protects manual and electrically operated control switches from accidental operation, ensuring that workers can safely protect, lock, and tag a circuit breaker control system. Their covers are made from high-impact clear ABS. Allowing view of the control switch position and indicators. The CS-1 is easily added to existing rotary control switches, requires only a few minutes, no drilling required, no need to disturb the wiring. Options include a Hinged Cover, Narrow Cover, Mini Cover, and Magnetically Mounted Cover. The CS-1’s locking tab accepts multi-lock hasps or single padlocks. Their Control Switch Safety cover is compatible with all major switches manufacturers and are “UL recognized components (file 480471).


Trachte provides pre-assembled buildings to keep crucial equipment safe. Trachte buildings are available with extra security features like exterior wall ballistics protection, up to UL 752, Level-8). UL-rated bullet-resistant materials can be added to Trachte’s structural-steel framework while maintaining energy efficiency, thermal performance, and resistance to water intrusions. Trachte also offers hurricane and tornado hardening, fire-resistant construction, and EMP resistance.

Energy Storage Metering Trimark Associates, Inc.

For 23 years, Trimark has provided solutions to complex problems like peer-to-peer metering and dynamic loss compensation. From that foundation, they’re now pioneering the DC meter schemes and testing approaches that are required by the next generation of renewable resources. Whether they need meter data to inform control or comply with regulations, resource owners can utilize Trimark to meet their challenges.

Energy Storage Systems


ESS Z is a modular, robust, 54.75V Lithium-Ion battery for on-grid and off-grid applications. The ESS Z works seamlessly with SMA Sunny Island for true battery + generator blended output. One 7.1kWh (usable) unit boasts 195A constant discharge current, or 300A (3 sec.), and power output of 18kW. Up to (12) units scale to max. capacity of 85.2kWh. This energy storage workhorse easily handles large loads, such as HVAC compressors and EV chargers, delivering safe, reliable whole-home backup. BMZ is laser-focused on US energy storage market with a new 10-40kW / 10-80kWh, HV and LV, UL-Listed, LFP, outdoor-rated battery line available Q3-2023. BMZ products feature German-engineering and 25 years of leadership in Lithium-Ion battery manufacturing.

Crown Battery

Crown Renewable Batteries are an innovative array of responsible battery energy storage products, including their popular 2CRP1200 model which has capacity up to 55.9kWh (48VDC) for best available performance and ROI, is flexible and easy to handle, configure, deployable for new or existing systems and resilient in extreme operating temperatures, and earthfriendly being 99% recyclable. Crown can supply grid-connected with back-up power, off-grid, or custom storage applications.

Mango Power

Mango Power Union is a large-capacity (6.9kWh), high power output battery (4000Wac and 350Wdc) modular power station with a heavy-duty home base and a smaller, detachable unit at the top. With its 19 ports, it can safely be removed anytime through patented mLink technology and taken on road trips. Up to 10 of them can be stacked together into a micro-grid, providing up to 69kWh. Its in-built PV inverter makes it easy to charge by solar panels, power grid, or others. Mango charges to 80% in just 1.5 hours and 100% in 2.5 hours.

e-On Batteries, Inc.

e-On Batteries, a Fort Worth, TX area supplier with national scope, is a developer of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) based energy storage systems with a focus on product safety. The company’s UL 1973 listed and CEC approved and listed modules are engineered as scalable building blocks to enable larger systems, and its 19" rack-mounted modular systems are easily configured from 12.8kWh residential systems to 4.8MWh container-based systems and more. With over 20 million deployed calls and zero catastrophic failures, combined with cell-level BMS monitoring and control systems, expert engineering liaison and certified installers, e-On Batteries provides full value to their customers.

MK Battery

MK Battery introduces the DEKA Duration DD5300, a 48V, 5300Wh battery module utilizing Lithium Iron Phosphate Technology. Tested and validated, and branded with the DEKA name from East Penn Manufacturing Co., this modular design allows for either wall mount or floor mount installation and is stackable up to eight modules high. Stocked in the U.S., the DD5300 is a universal module that has a programmable BMS, Dual usage, for low voltage and high voltage applications. Low voltage; 48V, 5.3kWh to 556.5kWh, high voltage; 200 to 1000V, 21.2kWh to 763kWh. Remote monitoring and firmware updates are just one click away on any smart phone, utilizing a proprietary app.

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Trip-only relays work with any shunt trip device. Trip/Close, Return to Service models are available for use with motorized breakers and are utility compliant and test switch ready with integrated 8-hour DC UPS. Powered by SEL: 751 standard, all relay models available. UL 508A listing available. Day Ahead Instrumentation provides turnkey multifunction relays and RTUs for interconnection requirements for utility scale and C&I applications. Assemblies configurable for DTT, MPLS, or SCADA interface with wired, fiber, or wireless coms.

The Fortress Power Guardian is a gateway device that connects Fortress Power Batteries to the cloud. Paired with the companion app, the Guardian will automatically discover connected Fortress Power batteries. This enables battery-level monitoring of key values such as state of charge, voltage, current, and battery temperature as well as fast and accurate technical support. Users can remotely update battery firmware, submit support tickets, chat live with technical support, complete warranty submissions, and securely share installation and monitoring data directly with support engineers,

North American Clean Energy 99 NEW REDUCED PRICE. #7 -13511 Crestwood Place, Richmond, Unlock the full potential of Discover Lithium Batteries by enabling the BMS to optimize and dynamically manage the charging configurations of inverter-chargers. A robust lithium solution for residential off-grid solar and tiny home power applications. A powerful lithium energy storage system for residential off-grid solar and whole home backup power. CONTACT US FOR DETAILS. BECOME A PRO NOW: • GET SALES LEADS • PROMOTE YOUR BUSINESS • PREFERRED WHOLESALE PRICING • EARN REWARDS • SECURED WEBSITE CONTENT


The new storage system by HOPPECKE Batteries’ sister company INTILION, INTILION | scalestac provides modular indoor energy storage system for public utilities, municipalities, industrial companies, and farmers. The system can be expanded in 25kVA steps from 25kVA up to 400kVA. The charging and discharging power can be freely selected between 0.5C and 2C. The capacity is between 123kWh and approx. 1MWh, depending on individual requirements. The INTILION | scalestac impresses with a high degree of flexibility. The system can be individually adapted for specific applications, for example peak loads can be capped, consumption optimized, sudden power outages bridged, or quickly charge an electric vehicle fleet. By configuring the system individually, users also only pay for the functions they really need and thus save money.

NEO Virtus Engineering

NEO Virtus Engineering offers PSS/E and PSCAD models for utility or regional operator DG interconnection applications. They develop and test project-specific stability models using PSS/E and PSCAD for DG systems for generic inverter model customizations. NEO provides modeling for MV AC collection systems and major power equipment against ideal single machine infinite bus (SMIB) grid models or against regional/site specific utility networks models. Their models are fully tested to incorporate all regional requirements for protection, ride-through, and real/reactive power controls. NEO Virtus has provided modeling support to many clients for Clustered Studies, Congested Areas Studies, Affected System Operator (ASO) Studies, and for T&D ISO level Small Generator Interconnection requests such as Benchmark Analysis.

Energy Storage Systems - GridConnected LightWave Solar LLC

LightWave Solar specializes in turnkey solar and storage installations and O&M. Nearly 100% of their residential solar systems include battery storage, and they’re including batteries for an increasing number of commercial projects. Founded in 2006, LightWave is a source for solar and storage solutions in Tennessee, Arkansas, and beyond.


Moduly is a smart energy solution behind the meter with an integration of a battery storage, smart home control, AI learning process that helps residential and commercial users to reduce their energy consumption, peak demand, carbon footprint, and an energy backup for power outages. Moduly accumulates and stores energy to act as a generator in case of power losses, reduces the use of electricity from fossil resources, favoring that from renewable sources, and the Moduly Homekit stores energy when the electricity rate is low and reuses it to meet needs during high rate hours. Founded in 2019, Headquartered in Montréal, Canada, with an operation office in Birmingham AL and in Hong Kong.

Sargent & Lundy

For more than 130 years, Sargent & Lundy has provided broad-scope services on battery energy storage projects, including engineering, consulting, construction support, and EPC services. Their experience spans the spectrum of markets, applications, interconnection requirements, and technology types. Clients include utilities, developers, financial institutions/lenders, constructors, and manufacturers.

Energy Storage Systems - Off-Grid


Aggreko’s 30kVA and 60kVA energy storage modules provide customers with a clean energy option for their mobile power needs. The 30kVA (65kWh) and 60kVA (120kWh) batteries are all-inone solutions that can be easily plugged into an existing power system, providing immediate and cost-efficient energy storage for any number of commercial and industrial applications. Charging can be completed in as little as three hours, and the containerized nature of the batteries means they are delivered with inverters, HVAC, fire protection, and auxiliary components all in one unit.

TMEIC Corporation

TMEIC offers the Solar Ware Ninja, a photovoltaic inverter and energy storage system. The advanced PV inverter is modular and stackable for multiple PCS power blocks. The system is configurable into multiple solutions, including PV only, stand-alone energy storage, or as a PV+ESS independent solution. Application flexibility is built-in, with multiple ratings allowing customization for small, 2MW projects up to large-scale projects.

AIMS Power

AIMS Power offers everything needed for an offgrid and backup power system. They have a large selection of DC to AC power inverters, solar, racks, generators, batteries, solar charge controllers, wire, and other accessories for a complete power system. AIMS Power has been in business for over 20 years providing energy independence to thousands each year. They can design custom systems for back up or off-grid applications in homes, businesses, or smaller operations.

Energy Storage SystemsResidential Canadian Solar

Canadian Solar’s EP Cube is a flexible, intelligent, powerful full-home home energy storage solution. EP Cube consists of a Smart Gateway, hybrid inverter, and stackable battery modules that provide from 9.9kWh to 19.9KWh capacities. It is expandable up to 120KWh with 6 units connected in parallel with the ability to power an entire home. The EP Cube’s modular battery weighs in at 70lbs per battery unit, resulting in low installation effort and costs. The all-in-one design provides a sleek aesthetic and enables a seamless, real-time transfer to full backup power for energy resilience.

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Darfon America Corp.

Darfon’s new outdoor-rated energy storage solution consists of a 7.6kW hybrid inverter and a 17.5kWh high-voltage LFP battery. The H7 hybrid inverter can be installed in a new DC-coupled PV system, replace an existing string inverter, or be AC-coupled to an existing PV system. With the H7’s external display, the system can be controlled and monitored from inside the home. The B17 LFP battery’s high voltage design increases the conversion efficiency, lowers the current, and reduces the cable thickness. Darfon’s energy storage solution also includes a gateway that incorporates an ATS and data logger to support partial or whole home backup.

FIMER Renewable Energy Solutions

FIMER's Universal 10|4 is a comprehensive integrated storage solution, made in the United States via Humless and approved by SGIP. With integrated charge controllers, display, 4kw hybrid inverter, and 10kwh LFP batteries, this unit is ready for on and off-grid needs. It is an easy plug-and-play storage solution for new and existing PV systems coupling with DC solar, AC retrofits, generators, and FIMER's UNO DM-PLUS grid-tied inverters.

Dragonfly Energy

The Dragonfly Wing is an energy storage solution designed for residential, industrial, and mobile applications. Innovative technology inside enables easy installation and reliable performance. Designed with safety top of mind, the Dragonfly Wing contains 5kWh of LiFePO4 batteries and is easily expandable. Unique features include selectable voltage, hybrid balancing, and a wide range of charging capabilities (including 12V chargers). Use the Dragonfly Energy Mobile app to monitor power systems remotely and receive important warning and error notifications. Built for both backup power and off grid solutions, the Dragonfly Wing is easily rechargeable through solar, grid, and more.

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FranklinWH Energy Storage, Inc.

Franklin Home Power (FHP) is a whole-home energy management system. The heart of the FHP system is two components, aGate and aPower. The aGate is an intelligent home energy management center that integrates solar, battery, grid, and generator power sources and manages them to optimize consistent energy supply and rapid backup in case of grid outages. The aPower is a 13.6kWh AC-coupled battery with a built-in inverter that automatically transfers between DC and AC current. It uses safe LFP cells and can stack up to fifteen aPower batteries per aGate.

LG Electronics Energy Storage Systems

Introducing LG Electronics Home 8 residential ESS, a reliable, complete energy generation and storage solution that reduces dependency on the electrical grid, phases out any type of fueled generators, offsets peak shifts, and is environmentally and economically friendly. This is a ready-to-deploy, all-in-one system with PCS + NMC Battery with built-in CT Sensor and smart energy box. A 7” touch-screen HMI and Installer Setup Wizard reduces commissioning time. Users can connect 4-units for up to 57.6kWh of total storage. Home 8 ESS provides in-depth system performance and data analysis via EnerVu software and is 9540/9640A fire certified by UL directly, UL1741SA, UL1741SB(TBD), NEMA Type 3R in a 7.5kW AC-coupled design.

Outback Power

SolaX Power Co., Ltd.

GreenPWR, Inc.

The SunHopper-D from GreenPWR is modernizing solar hot water systems. The SunHopper inverter includes a learning algorithm which monitors usage, weather conditions, electricity rates, and installation parameters to minimize energy cost to the homeowner while providing a reliable hot water source using backup electricity or fossil fuels. The SunHopper uses a dedicated PV array and wires to off-theshelf electric immersion storage water heaters to make installation as simple as possible and reduces energy consumption by as much at 80%. The SunHopper also supports off-grid installations to provide a simple renewable water heating system


LINIOTECH is a high-tech green energy manufacturer based in Houston, TX that provides customized solutions and provides products for lithium batteries, energy storage lithium batteries, and lithium battery power systems for global users of their Home Solar and Battery Backup.

LINIOTECH currently offers 5.12kwh 48V 100ah Rack LifePO4 style battery, module, 10kwh 48V 200ah Powerwall wall mount battery, 15kwh 51.2V 280ah Powerwall wall mount battery, US hybrid inverter, 8k, 12k, UL Certified electric car charger, portable power station, and power storage brick with UL1973 Certification and pending UL9450A.

Lion Energy

The Lion Energy Storage System, the Lion Sanctuary, is a reliable, smart energy system providing the power needed during emergencies or high-demand situations when the grid is strained. This solution helps reduce costs while easily controlling how homeowners store and use energy. The Lion Sanctuary base system provides enough energy for basic needs, 13.5kWh, and can be expanded to 40.5kWh or more to cover larger needs. It is a hybrid system so it can be used it off-grid, with solar, wind, or the grid. It is a complete system with an efficient built-in 8kW with 15kW peak inverter, and a safe and long lasting lithium iron phosphate battery system.

Outback Power celebrates 20 years as a designer and manufacturer of residential energy storage systems. The NEW Mojave Inverter, with ESS Lithium battery, provides homeowners with energy management features include time of use, peak shaving, solar self-consumption, reliable backup power for critical loads, and a 10-year warranty. The 8KW Mojave inverter can be matched to the Mojave 14.8kWh lithiumion battery, EnerSys lead acid battery, or a select 3rd party UL9540 lithium solution. The Mojave can also be used with a generator and offers communications for Virtual Power Plant (VPP) applications. The Mojave is AC Coupled and can work with most 3rd party solar inverters and microinverters.

Qcells North America

Qcells' Q.HOME CORE is the newest generation energy storage system from Qcells, and it integrates a solar inverter (Q.VOLT) with a modular, scalable battery system (Q.SAVE), and backup interface (Q.HOME HUB). Q.HOME CORE provides a complete energy solution and inclusive 10-year product warranty on all components and customer support from one brand. A flexible, scalable design that enables a wide range of storage capacities to suit a homeowner's electricity needs; up to 200A whole home backup; standard integrated revenue grade metering; simplified installation and commissioning; compact design and sleek appeal; and integrated PLC rapid shutdown. The Q.HOME CORE pairs well with Qcells modules.

SolaX A1-ESS G2 is a complete and smart system that powers the entire house during outage including an EV charger, A/C, and TV, thus creating a seamless experience for homeowners whenever working or entertaining. A1-ESS G2 classifies home loads to prioritize essential loads to meet customers’ needs. Moreover, customers can control the home appliances remotely, whether heating water before arriving home, or turning off the AC when out.

Engineering Consultant

Clean Energy Associates

Clean Energy Associates helps buyers and long-term owners of solar and storage equipment buy the right products and ensure they are properly manufactured and installed. CEA helps their clients understand what is really happening upstream in supply chains and production facilities and downstream in project design and execution. CEA's global team has helped their diverse customer base understand industry trends and market dynamics, select the best suppliers, negotiate contracts, carefully audit production processes, test equipment in the field, and perform technical and acquisition due diligence.

Electric Power Engineers

Electric Power Engineers has in-house experience providing development and interconnection support, owner’s engineer, and detailed design for standalone and AC/ DC-coupled solar plus storage projects. Their expertise in battery energy storage support can help their customers through the development of battery energy storage projects. From concept to commissioning to compliance, they tailor their services to ensure a project’s success.

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Enertis Applus+

Enertis Applus+, an engineering expert in the energy storage product lifecycle, offers advisory services for battery energy storage systems (BESS) from materials planning, to manufacturing, to construction/commissioning. With 15+GWh of storage experience for 150+ projects in 10 countries, Enertis Applus+ provides high-value-added storage services that include: hands-on consulting for energy storage chemistries/suppliers/integrators with bankability reports; advice on regulatoryrelated impacts, optimization of energy storage dispatch based on regional revenue stream and use case; and technical and contractual due diligence on integrating storage with existing operating assets (solar/wind).

Mott MacDonald

Grid-connected battery storage projects are becoming commercially viable for many applications: reducing system and peak demand, providing standby power, improving frequency response, and more. Mott MacDonald has the full range of skills required to plan, engineer, implement, and manage commercially successful battery storage projects across a wide range of applications.

T&M Associates

T&M Associates provides full services for energy clients, including environmental, engineering, and construction services to develop efficient, cost-effective solutions. Their team has experience with design/bid/build and engineer/ procure/construct (EPC) delivery methods for public and private sector projects, including energy storage, PV, microgrids, EV charging, and integrating energy systems into power grids. Services include preliminary assessment, financial analysis, civil, structural, mechanical and electrical engineering, environmental resource studies and impact assessment, land use planning, permitting, project and construction support, and financial incentive assistance.

Westwood Professional Services

Westwood assists in permitting, engineering, and surveying from concept to construction. With their power experience, Westwood can design a reliable and resilient energy system to create a more stable grid. Energy storage facilities can be standalone, large-scale, paired with renewables, or part of a microgrid. Westwood has partnered on large storage hybrid projects, for DC- and AC-coupled projects, as well as containerized and building-based systems.

Black & McDonald

Black & McDonald is an integrated, multi-trade service provider that safely delivers high quality construction, facilities management, and technical solutions to government, institutional, and industry clients. Black & McDonald is an EPC and O&M service provider with in-house engineering, multi-trade craft labor, testing and commissioning, and operations and maintenance support on utility scale energy storage projects. The firm is also well positioned to leverage its expertise in the energy storage sector to provide turnkey energy storage capabilities to both private developers and regulated electric utilities.

Blattner Company

Blattner is a diversified renewable energy contractor providing expertise and collaborative construction solutions nationwide. Blattner Company is the parent company of Blattner Energy and D.H. Blattner & Sons, of which all are members of Quanta Services. Building on more than a century of innovation, the Blattner Family of Companies provides complete engineering, procurement, and construction services for utility-scale solar, wind, energy storage, and power delivery projects with project management and self-performance of all major work activities.

EPC Services
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Hypower, LLC

Hypower is a utility-scale self-performing BOS/EPC solar contractor based out of Fort Lauderdale, FL. The company works nationally, currently licensed in over 30 states. Hypower has over 800MW of experience in the solar industry focused solely on ground-mount projects over 20MW.

Tropenas Company

Offering engineering services for utility-scale solar and storage, Tropenas Company provides turnkey electrical and civil permit packages. With 4+GW of interconnection applications and designs, their multi-state local engineers will lead any portion of a solar project. Designed blending contractor field experience with value engineering, Tropenas’ designs incorporate and clearly communicate lean solutions, enabling fast installation and long durability, improving profitability. Example offerings: stamped electrical and civil permit drawings, independent engineering, medium voltage, and substation design.

EV Charging Blink Charging Co.


Eaton’s Green Motion EV smart breaker chargers provide fast AC charging. Eaton chargers deliver real-time energy insights and enable integration with onsite renewable and energy storage systems to advance smart and sustainable energy systems to power today and tomorrow. Set charging schedules to optimize costs, receive alerts, and notifications with the EV Charger Manager app or integrate with a preferred charging management solution. Eaton’s technology enables low-cost installation and fast charging everywhere, yielding sustainable transportation powered by smart breakers.




The PowerCharge Pro-Lightning Commercial Charging Station is easy to install, and is reliable and durable. With the aluminum and stainless steel housing, the Pro-Lightning will not rust. The Pro-Lightning comes fully assembled, pre-commissioned, and tested. Simply bolt it down, connect the power feeds, and turn on the power. Available in multiple configurations and power levels, a model is available for most commercial applications.

Fire Protection

MBA Energy & Industrial

MBA Energy & Industrial is an industrial construction firm that offers the advantage of having one company manage all aspects of facility construction. MBA provides a design-build method where they can produce the same product throughout the United States. Their process alleviates the need to coordinate multiple vendors and suppliers while ensuring proper information flow and documentation. Their in-house team of architects and project managers will value-engineer each project to realize optimal deliverables, achieve milestone dates, and accomplish the overall project objectives. MBA is able to provide new terminals, O&M buildings, BESS warehouses, or any other new build.

Stronghold Engineering, Inc.

Stronghold Engineering, Inc. (SEI) provides services in design build, construction, and O&M of battery, energy storage solutions. With extensive past performance working on installing STEM projects across Southern California, they are a turnkey solar and battery developer, installer, and O&M provider. Additionally, they have done extensive work on large solar array projects, solar carports, rooftop systems, ground mounted systems, landfill ballasted systems, and EV charging.

Blink Charging is a complete, end-to-end, global electric vehicle (EV) charging provider. With the recent launches of 12+ next-generation EV charging products, it is a solution for charging infrastructure on an international level. Featuring both AC and DC technology paired with a comprehensive new suit of software applications, Blink provides EV charging solutions across all industries. From residential and commercial, to fleet and DC Fast innovative and durable high-performance chargers. Offering flexible solutions, Blink’s business models help businesses achieve their electrification goals with ease, whether locations want to own, partner with, or host their charging infrastructure.


The Rhombus 120 is the latest EV charging innovation from BorgWarner that provides dual-channel, simultaneous charging, and a combined high-power single-channel output option for high-power vehicles. Made in the USA, the Rhombus 120 is based on two 60kW power blocks that can run individually or in parallel to deliver 120kW. This latest EVSE technology can charge two EVs simultaneously at 60kW through two dispensers or a single channel of 120kW when only using one dispenser, providing a charging solution suitable for commercial use or mixed EV fleets.

EvoCharge, founded in 2009, represents one of North America’s vehicle electrification providers and pioneer of home and commercial charging solutions. As provider of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) and cable management solutions, EvoCharge provides reliable, safe, and cost-effective EV charging stations and the EvoReel cable management system for single family, multi-family, workplace, and other commercial spaces. EvoCharge products are fully compatible with all EV and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) sold throughout the United States and Canada.

ORR Protection

ORR specializes in custom fire protection for the mission-critical business processes. ORR experience in providing fire protection solutions for the power generation marketplace, includes all types of generation facilities. From hydro, nuclear, gas fired turbines, and BESS. Since 2017 ORR continues to specializes in BESS fire protection solutions. Including fire suppression, off-gas detection, and purging systems.

Stat-X Fire Suppression


JuiceBar chargers are Made In USA and Buy America Compliant. They offer a premium EV charging solution for every type of business. JuiceBar technology offers dependability, safety features, charging speeds up to 80A, network flexibility, fully personalized branding, Energy Star certification, and comes pre-assembled and pre-commissioned.

Stat-X condensed aerosol fire suppression is a solution for energy storage systems (ESS) and battery energy storage systems (BESS) applications. This includes in-building, containerized, and in-cabinet applications. The Stat-X product was tested for efficacy in putting out Li-ion battery fires. It was found that the Stat-X agent successfully extinguished single and double cell battery fires. This testing was conducted in parallel with a large battery fire testing program. DNV GL conducted the testing.

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US Helicals

US Helicals promotes the use of deep foundations that specialize in helical pile technology. Helical piles are optimal for the energy storage and renewable power markets, where soils are poor. Helical piles are a segmented deep foundation that uses the native soils to support the asset. This lowers the environmental impact of the site construction and reduces the carbon emissions of the construction project by up to 50%. There are no vibrations or soil spoils from the installation, and typically are 66% faster to install than concrete piles. Their vertically integrated company can provide engineering, fabrication, and actual installation of the helical piles anywhere in the United States.

Hybrid Systems

UL Solutions

UL Solutions HOMER software optimizes the value of energy storage systems, microgrids, or hybrid power systems, whether standalone, grid-connected, behind- or front-of-the-meter. Products include HOMER Pro for determining the least-cost solution for standalone microgrids; HOMER Grid for designing behind-the-meter, grid-connected systems that save on electricity bills, reduce peak loads, and lower carbon footprints; and HOMER Front to maximize project internal rate of return in utility-scale hybrid systems.

Hydrogen Sensing H2scan

H2scan's 2620 Explosion Proof Area Hydrogen Monitor provides hydrogen-specific leak detection and measurement for hydrogen concentrations as low as 4000ppm and can be scaled to any concentration up to 5% hydrogen by volume, a range representing 10% to 125% of hydrogen's low flammability limit. The monitor is designed for either ceiling or wall mount. H2scan's hydrogen-specific sensor technology has no cross sensitivity to other combustible gases, thus eliminating false positive alarms and ensuring safety system reliability.

Installers Solar Optimum

Solar Optimum is a certified provider of solar, battery, and roofing installations for the residential and commercial markets in California, Nevada, and Arizona.


Icarus RT, Inc.

Icarus is developing Quartet, a hybrid photovoltaic/thermal plus storage system. Quartet cools PV panels to increase the power output of the panels 12-18%. At the same time, Quartet doubles the panel's total energy output by co-generating and storing hot water. Commercial and industrial facilities can use this water to meet demand during evening, nighttime, or emergency use, resulting in a lower natural gas bill. Quartet can be a solution for new and existing buildings by providing PV power, meeting their hot water demands, and reducing emissions from electricity and gas. A 100kW Quartet system will have an ROI between 3-4 years.

CE+T America

Stabiliti 30C3 is a 3-port bidirectional (AC/ DC/DC) converter which easily interconnects to various power sources to offer high performance. Stabiliti 30C3 allows users to configure for peak shaving, energy arbitrage, and microgrid. As PV and batteries are the most expensive part of a complete system installation, Stabiliti 30C3 lowers the total system cost with its internal high frequency galvanic isolation, and almost doubles the life of batteries and PVs by protecting them from grid transients.

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COTEK offers five series of pure, sine-wave inverter and inverter chargers for off-grid and backup applications designed to meet the needs of the solar industry. COTEK inverter models range from 200W-4000W with a DC input of 12V, 24V, or 48V. The new SC and SL series of bi-directional inverter chargers come equipped with 5 operating modes and features such as power sharing and current limiting. COTEK also offers standalone inverter and battery charger options through the SP, SD and CX series.

Power Electronics

Power Electronics manufactures solar inverters for photovoltaic plants with its two main headquarters in Valencia, Spain and Phoenix, AZ. Their new generation of Freemaq PCSM is compatible with all battery technologies and with any type of storage application and has a power rating of up to 4200kVA. The Freemaq DC/DC converter is compatible with high-capacity BESS and communicates directly with the Freesun HEM solar inverter, allowing the operation of the hybrid installation to be optimized.

Reliable Power

CPS America

The CPS 200kW/200kVA PCS Energy Storage Inverter is a high-power, three-phase inverter designed for commercial and utility-scale grid-tied energy storage systems. Optimized for demand charge reduction, load shifting, and grid support services such as frequency response and voltage support, the 200kW PCS is well equipped for the North American environment and grid. Wide operating voltages and broad temperature ranges enable this modular inverter to operate at high performance across many applications. The CPS 200kW PCS is rack-mountable up to 1MW. Rack-level management reduces mismatch losses and enables battery mixing while drastically simplifying O&M with no special training required.

The Reliable Power TrueString XL 480 Energy Storage Inverter uses the same hardware as the TrueString XL 480 Solar Inverter and only requires a firmware change for use with Flow Battery Energy Storage Solutions. Also available for use with other battery chemistries. The inverter is a lightweight (30.6 lb), 10kW, waterproof NEMA6, silent convection cooled, 3-phase 480V, fully bi-directional grid connected inverter system.


Ingeteam’s Full Skid Power Station is a UL 9540 and UL 1741 SB compliant medium voltage turnkey solution which integrates all the devices required for a system of up to 7.6MVA into a single skid platform. Available with INGECON SUN PV inverters or INGECON SUN STORAGE battery inverters, this compact, customizable station is reliable, easy to transport and install, and offers a flexible design which can fit up to two inverters on one skid. Combining Ingeteam’s expertise in the power conversion field (+80GW supplied worldwide) with plant control technology, and monitoring solutions, its highly efficient electronic conversion, and protection devices allow for efficiency values of up to 98.9%.

Samlex America

EVO-4248 Split Phase (SP) Inverter/Charger is an all-in-one inverter, transfer switch, and battery charger. Output 120/240Vac Split Phase or Single Phase 120Vac. Battery connection at 48Vdc and 100A battery charger. 1 AC input for generator or grid. Allows users to power 120Vac appliances like tools, laptops, or a fridge, plus 240Vac appliances like water heaters and stoves. Suitable for off-grid cabin, work sites, remote locations, or emergency back-up power systems. Remote control available and sold separately.

106 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// Request a meeting at Learn more about the best home and portable power solutions for the Americas! Booth #401 Texas Northern California Booth #304

Sinexcel, Inc.

The modular 1500Vdc Bi-directional Storage Inverter Cabinet is compatible with various battery and can work with 600 to 1500VDC battery string to connect 400/480/600/690/800VAC grid, applying in both C&I and utility applications. The NEMA 3R/IP54 cabinet, which supports up to 8 power modules to get power range from 125kW to 1.7MW, can be used with Sinexcel 1500VDC/DC converter to support PV input.

Solis Inverters

Solis’ new product, the Residential Storage Hybrid Inverter S6-EH1P(3.8-11.4) K-H-US, is a whole-home solution to provide power to a home even during an outage. The S6 (Series 6) hybrid energy storage inverter is the latest Solis US model certified to IEEE 1547-2018, UL 1741 SA and SB, and SunSpec Modbus, thus providing economical, zero-carbon power for an all-weather, high-efficiency PV string inverter.

SMA America

At the heart of the SMA Energy System Home is the new Sunny Boy Smart Energy hybrid inverter. Coming to market in mid-2023, this new system enables both immediate energy use and storage in one single device, with three modular backup options that deliver electricity reliability. With its high-speed battery charging capabilities to its easy installation and handling, this newest offering will provide a capable, flexible solution that empowers homeowners to take control of their energy.


The Sol-Ark 15K inverter brings 15,000W of continuous AC power, robust surge power (up to 24,000W (10 sec.)) as well as having three on-board MPPT controllers and two 200A battery breakers. The SA-Limitless-15K is also scalable in both 120V/240V split phase and 120V/208V 3 phase service voltages and can stack up to twelve (12) units in parallel. The Limitless SA-15K has a special new feature; a 200A main switch, meaning it can easily back up entire main service panels with just one unit. When combining solar PV with a powerful inverter such as the Sol-Ark 15K, home owners can achieve new levels of control and resiliency.


Yaskawa Solectria Solar

SOLECTRIA XGI 1500-250 Series Inverters feature SiC technology, high power, and high efficiency. The XGI 1500 inverters provide advanced grid-support functionality as well as are solutions for ground-mounted utility-scale PV systems, with models available for service connections at 600VAC and 480VAC. Designed/engineered in Lawrence, MA, the SOLECTRIA XGI inverters are assembled/tested at Yaskawa America’s facilities in Buffalo Grove, IL. The XGI 1500 inverters are made in the USA with global components, and are compliant with the Buy American Act.

Manufacturing Equipment

New Sun Road

Stellar Microgrid OS was designed by microgrid operators for renewable energy fleet managers. Stellar uses IoT technology and a cloud-based software architecture for remote power systems monitoring and control. By collecting and normalizing data across multiple sites down to the component level, Stellar provides insights to leverage best practices, aggregates loads, and uses AI to optimize system performance. Integrated modules such as automated alerts, incident ticketing, and reporting reduce service costs and streamline operations. Technology agnostic, Stellar controlled hybrid power systems offer remote power resilience, internet connective, and maximized renewable energy usage.

Kurdex Corporation

Kurdex is a supplier of large area vacuum deposition and etch equipment for R&D, pilot, and high volume manufacturing (HVM). Products include sputtering, evaporation, PECVD, spatial ALD, ARC-CVD and plasma etch tools. Standard and custom systems configured for in-line, cluster, and R2R with full automation. Substrate sizes up to 2300MM rigid or flex, wafers, glass sheets, or roll of flexible materials. They also offer an applications lab for contract coating services, DOE, and technology development.

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Sustainable Power Systems, Inc.

SPS’s Universal Microgrid Controller (UMC) reduces the cost and complexity of microgrid deployment, meets the needs of diverse applications, grid-tied or off-grid, and eliminates the need for project developers to do controls integration and custom programming. The UMC incorporates real time optimization, including load and renewable forecasting, to ensure a low cost of energy. Simulation Mode controls a virtual version of each component, allowing for system validation prior to deployment.

Hoymiles Power Electronics, Inc.

Hoymiles 2-in-1 microinverter can connect up to 2 panels at once and maximize the PV production of an installation. With a maximum DC voltage of 60V, Hoymiles microinverter is a PV Rapid Shutdown Equipment and conforms with NEC-2017 and NEC-2020 Article 690.12 and CEC-2021 Sec 64-218. Two models listed are equipped with reactive power control and can meet the requirements of IEEE 1547, UL 1741, and CA Rule 21. It features easy plug-and-play installation, Reactive Power Control, an external antenna for strong communication with DTU, and high reliability with its NEMA 6 (IP67) enclosure and 6000V surge protection.

Vroom Solar, Inc.

Vroom Solar kits feature solar-direct, multi-load management technology for efficient use of power on-site. No batteries, grid, or solar experience needed. The racking system installs in under two hours and is easily deployable for mobile, remote, and emergency situations.


NEP’s BDM800 is a two PV panel microinverter providing 800WAC and supporting two modules up to 1200WDC. Rule 21 ready and CEC listed. Residential and Commercial 208VAC applications. Shipping today via national distributors.


Power Electronics for PV Solar Systems Enteligent, Inc.

The Enteligent NMax family meets NEC 690.12 and CSA C22.1 requirements, provides PV module power optimization, and delivers real-time panel-level monitoring. With solid-state tech, Enteligent NMax RSDs + Optimization intelligently engage active power optimization only when needed, otherwise operating at 99.8% efficiency, minimizing heat generation and increasing reliability. Enteligent NMax Rapid Shutdown Transmitters bi-directionally communicate to deliver panel-level performance data that help diagnose rooftop issues and validate installation integrity from the ground. SunSpec RSD Certified and plug ’n play compatible with leading PV inverters.

Power Electronics for Storage Systems Ampt

Dynamic Ratings

Dynamic Ratings offers a dashboard visualization tool, DynamicMetrix, to help manage assets. Using this software, they help utilities collect and use conditionbased monitoring information on their high-voltage electrical equipment to improve business performance by partitioning information intended for asset management into a separate dashboard.

Electroswitch Switches & Relays

The Electroswitch ARGA Series 1000 Utility Substation battery monitor provides monitoring the following, over/ under voltage alarms, +/- ground faults alarms, open cell detection alarm, AC charger power loss alarm. The ARGA Series 1000 comes standard with hardwired outputs, Serial DNP 3.0/Modbus outputs, and Analog I420mA output to monitor battery strings 24/7 remotely. The Series 1000 has the option to monitor open circuit/open strap (meets TPL-005-1), and corrosion detection. The new advanced nameplate interface features, accessible front panel setup menu, simplified calibration, setup, and alarm setpoints. The LED display identifying alarm conditions, plus an audible alarm.

Ampt i32 String Optimizers are DC/DC converters that are used in large-scale PV plants to lower the cost and improve the performance and responsiveness of DC-coupled solar+storage systems. With the i32 String Optimizer, power is delivered at high and fixed voltage. The higher voltage operation allows the entire system to operate at a lower current for a given power, ultimately reducing the costs of electrical components such as cables, energy storage systems, and inverters to lower the total capital cost of the power plant. Additionally, i32 String Optimizers perform MPPT on each string of PV modules to maximize lifetime production, and include wireless monitoring to improve O&M.

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Rapid Shutdown Systems

Vision Engraving & Routing Systems

ENACT Systems, Inc.


RSD-Plus is an NEC-2017 and NEC-2020 compliant device. Single and Dual PV module RSD in one device enables low cost, PV level thermal shutdown enables even greater safety protection. Configured DC cables and connectors to match the PV connector brand and lowers AHJ rejection risks. Optional PV data monitoring available.


Celebrating 40 years of manufacturing in the USA, Vision Engraving & Routing Systems builds quality, precision machines for creating code-compliant solar labels in-house. Costing less than out-sourcing, creating solar labels in-house can save a business time and money. Vision’s rotary systems are environmentally friendly and do not emit harmful fumes or require an air filtration system. Vision offers small desktop-sized machines up to 4ft x 8ft routers/ engravers. Vision’s systems come with advanced software that features job preview, auto serialization, and more. Users can make PV tags, plates, labels, placards, OSHA-compliant signs, metal tags, and more.

Software Supplier AlsoEnergy

PowerTrack, AlsoEnergy’s flagship application that is now on Stem’s Athena platform, is the all-in-one application to meet the needs of commissioning, monitoring, optimizing, and controlling a clean energy portfolio or fleet. Backed by depth of data for high-quality analytics, the insights from PowerTrack enables intelligent decision making, leading to improved financial and energy performance.

Copa-Data USA, Corp.

ENACT offers a two-sided software platform for solar and energy storage projects. ENACT ENVISION is used by developers and installers to remotely design complete solar and storage solutions, as well as finalize contracts and track execution. ENACT ENGAGE is used by end-customers to track financial savings, energy usage, and predict their future outcomes. The platform is used in 23 countries by thousands of users, with over $1.5B of projects annually.

IHI Terrasun Solutions

Terrasun’s proprietary software provides Power Plant Controls (PPC), reporting, monitoring, performance analytics, and service diagnostic tools to run storage installation with ease and reliability. The software can manage solar installations in a DC-coupled configuration, co-located, or standalone storage setup with multiday programming, full SCADA HMI, and customizable data access. The systems run on Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) and qualify for ERCOT, CAISO, MISO, and other ISO markets.



Tech Products, Inc.

Tech Products, Inc. is a global source for quality identification products for the renewable energy industry including, cable tags, tower (aerial) markers, and signs. Their products range from adhesive transformer labels to long-lasting substation signs following all of the latest ANSI, OSHA, and NESC standards.

zenon is industrial automation software that contributes to the digital transformation and convergence of OT and IT. An integrated solution with open interfaces the software platform connects machines, plants, and buildings. While connecting from the sensor to all higher-level systems, zenon also includes native drivers and communication protocols. With integrated analytics and reporting services, zenon can evaluate and analyze collected data, and automatically distribute reports across devices.

FOR ENERGY STORAGE, INVERTERS, EV CHARGING AND MORE Find out more at Ready to scale your renewable energy technology? Maysteel fabricates custom metal enclosures for solar inverters, energy storage and EV charging. And, when supply chain disruptions threaten your plans, Maysteel is right where you need us with ve North American fabrication Scalable Knowledgeable Close to Home

Storage Products & Services

Nor-Cal Controls

Nor-Cal Controls customizes SCADA systems to meet all solar PV and energy storage project requirements. Energy Management Systems (EMS) are evolving to address two main engineering challenges faced in the efficient operation of large-scale energy storage systems. This includes optimal scheduling of grid energy storage to ensure safe operation while delivering the maximum benefit, and the coordination of multiple grid energy storage/generation. One of the functions of EMS is to efficiently coordinate their day-to-day operations, market services, renewable energy solutions, and services.

Peak Power

Peak Synergy is a software-as-a-service platform that uses advanced artificial intelligence to optimize the operation of energy assets at commercial and industrial facilities. The platform provides information on grid conditions in real-time and notifications for coincident peak and high demand hours. The platform also provides information on the carbon intensity of the electricity being used. If onsite batteries and EVs are deployed, Peak Synergy manages these energy assets to meet sustainability goals and participate in complicated demand response and energy market programs. Customers are able to generate revenue quickly, and lower their overall operational costs.

Energy Toolbase

Energy Toolbase’s Model-Control-Monitor product suite gives project developers and asset owners the tools required to confidently deploy energy storage projects for optimal financial performance. ETB Developer's modeling capabilities allow developers to explain to potential customers how an ESS asset will produce value. Informed by a comprehensive and accurate rate database, Acumen EMS control software capabilities dispatch an ESS to realize savings and ETB Monitor empowers owners to verify that assets are performing according to the original proposal and to hold vendors accountable.

PcVue, Inc.

PcVue Inc. the North America affiliate of ARC Informatique, provides an advanced, highly flexible, and scalable HMI and SCADA software platform for automation solutions that are easy to configure, quick to deploy, and have a low total cost of ownership. Dedicated foremost to provide customer service and support to end users, value added resellers, OEM, or system integrators, PcVue provides a service oriented proactive collaborative approach to meeting automation and industrial control system cyber security requirements. Their software is used as the foundation for automation, monitoring, and control in energy production and distribution for EV systems.

PXiSE Energy Solutions

PXiSE’s Distributed Energy Resource Management System (DERMS), Microgrid Controller (MGC), and Renewable Power Plant Controller (PPC) help utilities, developers, and building owners manage the complex requirements of integrating storage into the grid. A PXiSE DERMS controls the increase in renewable assets by coordinating DERs alongside traditional grid components on a single network. PXiSE’s MGC helps manage DERs and loads by independently balancing real and reactive power, dispatching resources without sacrificing grid stability. PXiSE’s PPC maximizes the efficiency of any combination of renewable energy assets including solar, wind, and energy storage by giving them automated control.


Sol-Ark + HomeGrid Energy Storage System offers a comprehensive and modular solution for home energy needs. The casing fits a Sol-Ark 8k, 12k, or 15k inverter, which allows users to keep installations and aesthetics concise. The Stack’d Series allows for capacity expansion and provides whole-home backup with its powerful 14.4kW continuous power and 16.8kW surge. The proprietary BMS ensures optimal battery health and the solution comes with a 10-year, full-refund warranty. With the option to start small and expand in the future, this storage solution provides the ability to back up anything in the home.

Dewesoft LLC

DEWESoft Power Analyzers combine the functionality of a power analyzer, scope, FFT analyzer, data/transient logger, and power quality analyzer simultaneously. Sampling all channels up to 15MHz continuously, are used for motors, inverters, batteries, chargers, power electronics, renewables, and more. All DEWESoft hardware platforms can be synchronized together and expanded as projects evolve. Video, and GPS, DEWESoft can integrate with many industrial buses (CAN, XCP, OPC UA, Serial, MODBUS, Ethernet, etc.). DEWESoft X software ties everything together and is a powerful user-friendly data acquisition software.

Fluke Corporation

Fluke Battery Analyzers are test tools for maintaining, troubleshooting, and performance testing individual stationary batteries and battery banks used in critical battery back-up applications in data centers, telecom networks, power distribution systems, and more. With an intuitive user interface, a compact design, and rugged construction the Fluke Battery Analyzers are designed to provide optimum performance, test results, and reliability.

Testing | Certification
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Kinectrics’ new GRIDSim Power Laboratory is an independent facility in Toronto, Canada aimed at testing smart grid systems, renewable generation equipment, and medium voltage power systems over a wide range of voltages and frequencies and at power levels up to 12MVA. They perform the evaluation, testing, certification, and standards solutions energy storage products require in support of safe renewable power integration with the grid. The lab will be able to perform testing to UL 1741 and associated source requirement documents, CSA C22.2 No. 107.1 and IEC 62109. Their laboratory gives energy storage products a simple, fast, and


tested. These alignment laser systems are manufactured world-wide for large scale, solar field and PV panel installations.

Acutran Transformers

For more than 35 years, Acutran is an engineering solutions company providing specialty grounding transformers and reactors for the solar, wind, and hydro markets. Acutran serves as a custom transformer building partner from concept

Virginia Transformer

With more than 50 years of experience in transformer manufacturing and short lead

Transportation | Logistics

Cornerstone Systems

Cornerstone Systems provides international and domestic freight, container drayage, transloading/warehousing, truck, LTL, intermodal, railcar, specialized shipments, and job site delivery. Qualifications and certifications include GSA Approved Carrier, DOD Approved

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The Future of OSVs Preparing for carbon neutrality

The offshore support vessel (OSV) market is entering a period of exciting transition. Despite the economic disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, demand for OSV services reached $13.78 billion in 2020. By 2028, the market is set to expand by almost $10 billion to reach of value of $23.6 billion.

If they are not already, OSVs will need to be equipped with digital devices to monitor key environmental performance metrics such as emissions, garbage, waste, and consumables.

It is important to note that regulations around measurement are changing, too. Although the proportional emissionreduction targets set by the IMO for 2030 and 2050 remain firm, there is impetus to change the way shipping counts its emissions. Expect to see a shift away from monitoring combustion cycles (tank-to-wake) to lifecycles (wellto-wake), primarily because this can offer a more accurate assessment of the industry’s carbon footprint.

Alongside a steady increase in demand for their use predicted in the next few years, both the design and ways in which these vessels are operated will continue to evolve. Trends are pointing to a carbon neutral future, with operations fully integrated with offshore fields, port infrastructure, and supply chains. Moreover, OSVs will need to be fully digitized and highly automated to tie into their supporting tech-enabled ecosystems and be able to perform a range of functions to serve multiple and more complex offshore sectors – think larger accommodation spaces, heavy-lift cranes, helidecks, and streamlined hull forms.

A report containing detailing the future of OSV designs and operations covers a range of mission critical aspects, from how technology can help to integrate OSV operations to which emerging regulations may impact how they are designed and used by the offshore industry.

OSVs must be data ready

The oft cited saying ‘you cannot manage what you don’t measure’ undoubtedly applies to OSVs, especially as they transition to a carbon neutral working environment. Indeed, the ability to track and report emissions and other pollutants is foundational to lowering the marine and offshore industry’s collective carbon footprint and gaining compliance with the associated regulations. There is also a compelling business case, as data collection and analysis underpin strategies to improve fuel efficiency.

Adopting new fuels and energy storage systems

Electrification and use of hybrid power are other pathways for proactive OSV owners to achieve carbon neutrality from their marine propulsion systems. Here, energy storage systems are expected to play a key facilitating role. At the moment, the adoption of hybrid-electric propulsion systems is being led by OSVs and harbor tugs, for which propulsion systems need to provide additional energy on demand.

Biofuels represent another option. Although not all biofuels will reduce OSV emissions from the combustion cycle, there is the potential to offer benefits from the well-to-tank component of the fuel cycle. However, while some environmental benefits of alternative biofuels are being proven in laboratories around the world, far more progress needs to occur around assuring feedstock supplies and building up marine infrastructure before anything happens on a commercial scale.

In the shorter-term, measures can be taken by OSV owners to help them move towards achieving carbon neutrality. Watch for the trend of retrofitting the existing OSVs with an energy storage system (ESS) such as lithium battery packs.

To gain operational efficiency, new OSV designs are examining the potential of ‘tri-fuel’ technologies, such as dual-fuel or alternative ‘green’ fuel-ready concepts in combination with ESS. The adoption of battery and battery-hybrid propulsion systems is expected to continue in tandem with a gradual electrification of the fleet.

As the marine and offshore industry steps up to the net zero challenge and moves along the journey to carbon neutrality, there are many steps OSV owners can take with immediate and longer-term lenses to carve out their own customized paths.

Wei Huang, Ph.D., is Director, Global Offshore Market Sector Lead, Offshore Support Vessels at ABS, which applies advanced technology, digital tools, capabilities and improved core processes to drive safety excellence, greater performance, and efficiency.

ABS ///

2023 MARCH • APRIL /// 112



01-03 ACP O&M and Safety Conference Marriott World Center – Orlando, FL;

07-09 International Roofing Expo

Kay Bailey Hutchinson Convention Center – Dallas, TX;

12-15 Solar + Wind Finance & Investment

Arizona Biltmore, a Waldorf Astoria Resort – Phoenix, AZ;

28-29 RE+ Northern California

TBD – Sacramenta, CA;


04-05 NY Energy Summit Albany Capital Center – Albany, NY;

05-06 RE+ Texas

JW Marriott Austin – Austin, TX;

10-11 IEEE PES Grid Edge Technologies San Diego Convention Center – San Diego, CA;

26-28 Solar + Storage Mexico

Expo Guadalajara – Poliforum León, Guanajuato;


01-03 Midwest Solar Expo

The Westin Chicago Lombard Hotel – Chicago, IL;

03-04 California Clean Energy Procurement Summit Hotel Kabuki – San Francisco, CA;

10-11 Solar + Storage Espana

World Trade Center Barcelona – Barcelona, Spain;

17-18 RE+ Southeast

Georgia World Congress Center – Atlanta, GA;

21-24 Federation of New York Solid Waste Associations Conference with Trade Show

The Sagamore – Bolton Landing, NY;

22-24 CLEANPOWER Conference & Exhibition 2023

Ernest N. Morial Convention Center – New Orleans, LA;


12-23 Energy Storage Finance & Investment TBD – California;


26-27 RE+ Mid-Atlantic TBD – Philadelphia, PA;


11-14 RE+ 23

Sands Expo – Las Vegas, NV;


03-04 Offshore WINDPOWER 2023

Hynes Convention Center – Boston, MA;

18-19 RE+ Florida

Doubletree by Hilton Hotel, Miami Airport Convention Center – Miami, FL;

24-25 Electricity Transformation Canada

TBD – Calgary, AB;

Send us your clean energy show and event listings. Email information to the editor at


Page Company Website 78 Abaris 40 ACE Clamp/PMC Industries 75 ACE NY 103 Acutran 18 Allied Tube & Conduit 113 American Clean Power 14 American Ground Screw 3 APA 71 Bachmann 5 & 49 Baja Carports 100 Bioenno Power / Bioenno Tech LLC 56 Black & McDonald 67 Blattner Energy 42 CAB Products 105 Crown Battery 16 Delta Steel 72 Detect OBC DEWESoft, LLC 99 Discover Battery 78 Dynamic Ratings 89 e-On Batteries 8 Electric Power Engineers 73 Elevator Industry Work Preservation Fund 62 EZ Solar 17 Fluke Solar 61 Fortress Power 107 FranklinWH Energy Storage Inc. 37 Full Tilt 53 Genmounts 22 Ginlong Technologies Co., Ltd. 91 Great Power Energy & Technology Company, Ltd. IBC Green Source EPC 55 Gripple 108 GRT Genesis 84 Heico Fasteners 59 Hercules Machinery Corporation 26 Heyco 21 Howmet 34 Hubbell 97 IHI Terrasun Solutions, Inc. 81 ITH Bolting Technology 32 Kinetic Solar 28 Kong USA 10 Laser Tools Inc 106 Mango Power 109 Maysteel 25 MBA Energy & Industrial 65 Midwest Solar Expo 69 Mistras 95 MK Battery 79 Nord-Lock 7 Nucor Corporation 33 OMG Roofing Products 43 OneMonroe Titan 52 Orion Carports 87 Paladin Power 50 Park'n Shade Inc. 76 PcVue Inc 48 Polar Racking 24 PowerField Energy 45 PV Hardware IFC PV Labels 92 PXiSE Energy Solutions 111 Pylon Technologies 31 QuickBolt/QuickScrews 51 RE+ 19 Renu Robotics Corp 78 Sanlin Fasteners 23 Sinclair Design & Engineering 101 Sinexcel 77 SKYLOTEC North America LP 20 Snake Tray 39 Solar Connections International 41 Solar Mounts 36 SolarPod 28 Solmetric 11 Soltec 44 Solvari Solar 29 Southern States LLC 80 Stahlwille Tools 15 Staubli 12 Sunmodo 93 Surrette Battery/Rolls Battery 28 Tech Products, Inc 35 TerraGen Solar 47 TerraSmart 70 The Wesson Group 68 Transportation Partners and Logistics LLC 26 Unirac 83 Valley Forge & Bolt Manufacturing Co. 9 Valmont Solar 13 Velociwrapper 27 Virginia Transformer 29 Vroom Solar 38 Word Rock Drills 41 Zilla 114 2023 MARCH • APRIL /// C M Y CM MY CY CMY K

Green Source EPC is the leading provider of engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) services for commercial renewable energy projects in North America. Projects that include commercial rooftop solutions, commercial solar carport and canopy solutions as well as ground mount applications. Our company works closely with developers and owners from design to installation to produce custom, highly efficient, and state-of-the-art solar installations. With our self-performing capabilities, Green Source EPC can expedite all aspects of a projects timeline, improving quality and eliminating the need for multiple contractors and suppliers that help to reduce cost.

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