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fu'kkus jkg

1

fu'kkus jkg ftl et+gc o feYyr ds nq ' eu rCd+ k s a dh eS a u s ud+ k cdq ' kkbZ dh gS mues a og blfrlukbZ (Exceptional) vQ+jkn 'kkfey ugha gSa tks gj fQ+jvkSu ds njckj es a eks f eus vkys fQ+ j vkS u cudj ft+ U nxh xqtk+ jrs gSa------ vkSj tc gd+ dh uqljr dk oD+r vkrk gS rks gd+ dh [k+kfrj vkx esa ty tkuk xokjk djrs gSa exj fQ+jvkSu dh geuokbZ ugha djrsA glu t+Qj+ ud+oh


fu'kkus jkg

2


fu'kkus jkg

3

bUrslkc tukcs vcqtj+ s x+Q+kjh¼jft+0½ ds uke

fd ftudk uke vkt Hkh >wB o iw¡thokn ds psgjs ij ,d Hkjiwj rkft+;kuk gS vkSj d+;ker rd jgsxkA


fu'kkus jkg

4

fdrkc dk uke ys[kd lEiknd & ¼fgUnh :ikUrj.k½ izdk'ku ek=k çdk'ku o"kZ eqæd izdk'kd

fu'kkus jkg ¼ekSykuk½ lf¸;n glu t+Qj+ ud+oh lkfgc eq0 j0 vkfcn o gSnj vyh 1000 twu 2005 fut+keh çsl] y[kuÅ uwjs fgnk;r Qkm.Ms'ku] y[kuÅ

feyus dk irk uwjs fgnk;r Qkm.Ms'ku] bekeckM+k xq+Q+jku evkc] ekSykuk dYcs gqlSu jksM] pkSd] y[kuÅ 226003 ¼m0 iz0½ Hkkjr Qksu u0 eksckby 0522&2252230 9335276180 9415752805


fu'kkus jkg

5

QsgfjLr ¼v½ -------------vkSj 'kqfØ;k ___ 7 eks0 lS0 glu t+Q+j ud+oh ¼c½ rclhj ¼leh{k.k½ ___ 11 ekS0 lS0 eqLrQ+k gqluS ud+oh ^vlhQ* tk;lh ¼l½ fu'kkus jkg---------------eaft+y dh tkfuc ,d d+ne___ 17 tukc vkys eqgEen jt+eh lkfgc 123456-

D;k fd;k tk;s\ ____________ dke dh 'kq#vkr ____________ ft+Eesnkfj;k¡ _______________ nhuh enkfjl dh bLykg _______ dkystksa ds ryck dh ft+Eesnkfj;k¡__ vt+knkjkus bekes gqlSu ¼v0½ ____

39 61 73 81 89 101


fu'kkus jkg

78910111213-

6

[+krhcksa] t+kfdjksa] vnhcksa vkSj 'kksv~jk&,&fdjke ls _______ 115 duht+kus lS¸;nk o t+Suc lykeqYykfg vySbgqek ls___ 123 eq[+rfyQ rut+heksa ds dkjdquksa ls___ 131 fu'kkus jkg ________________ 135 ,d [k+r lcds uke ___________ 139 bLyke vkSj lsdqyfjT+e _________ 149 ftgkns Qkfrek vySgLlyke ______159


fu'kkus jkg

7

-----vkSj 'kqfØ;k 'kqfØ;k vnk djus ls igys t+:jh le>rk gw¡ fd oTgs rkyhQ+ Hkh c;ku djrk pyw¡A ftl ekStw+v ij eSua s d+ye mBk;k gS] ;g dksbZ vNwrk ;k vuks[kk ekStw+v ugha gS] cfYd blls igys Hkh cgqr ls vQ+jkns feYyr bl ekStw+v ij fdrkcsa] et+ewu vkSj ed+kys 'kk, dj pqds gSaA exj fdrkcksa dh eksVkbZ vkSj et+kehu vkSj ed+kykr ds ekSt+wv ds ,rsckj ls egnwfn;r us eq>s mHkkjk fd ,d ,slh rgjhj gksuh pkfg, tks ,d rjQ+ rks eksVkbZ ds fglkc ls mdrk nsus okyh u gks vkSj nwljh rjQ+ ,sls elk,y dk bgkrk Hkh dj ysA eSa viuh bl dksf'k'k esa dgk¡ rd dkfe;kc gks ldk gw¡ bldk QSlyk rks i<+us okys gh dj ldsaxsA [kqlwlu esjh vius toku nksLrksa ls vihy gS fd og bl rgjhj dks i<+us ds ckn eq>s viuh


fu'kkus jkg

8

jk; ls t+:j vkxkg djsaA et+kehu ikfdLrku ds gkykr o okds+vkr ls eqrkvfLlj gksdj fy[ks x;s gSa eqefdu gS dqN rgjhjsa fgUnqLrku ds gkykr ij Hkh lkfnd+ vk;sa vkSj dqN ckrsa fgUnqLrkuh elk,y dk Hkh gy cu tk;saA vc lcls igys eSa 'kqfØ;k vnk djrk gw¡ d+k;ns feYyrs tkQfj;k gqTtrqy bLyke oyeqfLyehu ekSykuk lf¸;n dYcs tokn ud+oh lkfgc dk ftUgksaus fgUnqLrku esa bYeh fQ+t+k lkt+xkj djus vkSj u'js mywe eqgEen o vkys eqgEen ds fy;s nks lky d+Cy gqlSfu;k&,&gt+jr xq+Qjku evkc y[kuÅ esa uwjs fgnk;r Qkm.Ms'ku d+k;e Qjek;k ftlus vius cqd fMiksa ls vc rd dbZ eqQ+hn fdrkcsa vkSj rd+jhcu 15 'kqekjs ekgukek ^^'kqvk&,&vey** ds vkSj rhu vnn myek ds rt+fdjs ^^[k+kunkus bTrsgkn uEcj** ds uke ls 'kk, fd;s gSaA eSa mu gt+jkr dk Hkh 'kqØxqt+kj gw¡ ftUgksaus [+kqrwr ds t+fj;s vkSj Qksu ij ^^'kqvk&,&vey** ds lEiknd vkSj milEiknd ls esjs et+kehu dh rkSlhQ QjekbZ gS vkSj lkFkh gh mu yksxksa dk Hkh


fu'kkus jkg

9

'kqØxqt+kj gw¡ ftudh [+okfg'kkr ds ,grsjke esa eteq&,&ed+kykr fgUnh esa 'kk;k gks jgk gSA esjs fy;s csgn yk;ds+ 'kqfØ;k gSa vjdkus uwjs fgnk;r Qkm.Ms'ku [k+kl rkSj ij tukc eq0 fj0 vkfcn lkfgc ftUgksua s et+kehu dks nsoukxjh ¼fgUnh jLeqy[k+r½ dh lwjr vrk dh uht+ ekSykuk lf¸;n eqLrQk gqlSu ud+oh ^^vlhQ tk;lh**] lEiknd ekgukek ^^'kqvk&,&vey** vkSj ekSykuk gSnj vyh lkfgc milEiknd ^^'kqvk&,&vey** ftudh elkb&,&tehyk ls fdrkc ut+js d+kfjbZu gSA tukc lS0 lqQ;ku vgen unoh dk Hkh 'kqfØ;k ftudh otg ls pUn fnuksa esa fdrkc dh dEiksft+ax vkSj tukc lx+h#yglu lkgc dk Hkh 'kqfØ;k ¼tks esjh gh fd+Le ds georu gSa½ ftudh QUdkjh us ljs ojd+ ¼VkbfVy doj½ dks dkQh bfEr;kt+ c[+k'kkA buds vykok Hkh mu reke vgckc dk 'kqfØ;k tks d+ne cd+ne esjh gkSlyk vQt+kbZ Qjek jgs gSaA eq>s ;d+hu gS fd dqN yksx 'kksjks x+kSx+k Hkh


fu'kkus jkg

10

cqyUn djsaxs muds fy;s lj eqgEen bd+cky dk ,d gh 'ksj cgqr gS % gjhQ+ viuk le> jgs gSa eq>s [+kqnk;kus [k+kud+kgh mUgsa ;s Mj gS fd esjs ukyksa ls 'kd+ u gks laxs vkLrkuk

vgd+#y bckn lS0 glu t+Qj+ ud+oh twu 2005 y[kuÃ&#x2026;


fu'kkus jkg

11

rclhj ¼leh{k.k½ cjknje ekSykuk glu t+Qj ud+oh lkfgc fd+Cyk dk rvYyqd+ fgUnqLrku ds 'kksgj&,&vkQ+kd+ f[k+Rr&,&ejnqe [kS+t+ ;kfu cynrqy myek nk#y mywe tk;l ls gS vkSj vius okfyn ekftn dh fgtjr ds lcc ejdt+s mywe o Qquwu djkph esa e,[k+kuokn bd+ker it+hj gSa tks vc ekSlwQ ds fy;s oru dh gSfl;r j[krk gSA vkidh uLys eqckjd esa gt+jr vcqvcfnYykg tkQ+js lkuh fcu bekes vkf'kj gt+jr vyh ud+h ¼v0½ ls ysdj vYykek eq Y yk uokc uteq y eq Y d lf¸;n uteqnn~ hu lCt+okjh Qkrsgs tk;l eqro¶Qk 1027bZ0 ¼vyenQwu fcvjft+ cukjl½ vkSj uokc uteqy eqYd ls ysdj ekSykuk glu t+Q+j lkfgc rd 'kk;n gh dksbZ ,slh Q+nZ gks ftldk xgjk fj'rk myweks Qquwu ls u jgk gks vkSj dqN vQ+jkn rks myek esa Hkh dkQ+h eqerkt+ gSa elyu Qkrsgs tk;l lf¸;n uteqn~nhu] lf¸;nqLlknkr v'kjQ+qy eqYd


fu'kkus jkg

12

uokc eqYyk lf¸;n 'kjQqn~nhu eqro¶Qk 425fg0] d+kt+h eqYyk lS¸;n ulh#n~nhu tk;lh Q+krsgs vOoys ulhjvkckn] eqYyk lf¸;n t+djh;k tk;lh Q+krsgs nqOoqes ulhjvkckn] eqYyk lf¸;n bLerqYykg ln~#Llqnjw s nsgyh] eqYyk ;wlQ q vyh mLrkns cgknqj 'kkg ckn'kkg] jbZlqymyek ekSykuk lf¸;n oyh eqgEen gqlSu tk;lh eqtrfgn] lf¸;nqy ok,t+hu ekSykuk lf¸;n dYcs gqluS ud+oh eqtrfgn] ekSykuk lS¸;n dYcs vkfcn lkfgc] vk;rqYykg lf¸;n dYcs ckfd+j lkfgc] vk;rqYykg lf¸;n dYcs egnh] vk;rqYykg lf¸;n eqgEen egnh] vk;rqYykg vCnqy egnh] vkd+k, d+kSe dq+norqy myek vk;rqYykfgy mt+ek lf¸;n vkd+k glu ud+oh] t+kfdjs 'kkes x+jhck¡ menrqy myek lf¸;n dYcs gqlSu ud+oh] vkd+k, 'kjhvr lQorqy myek ekSykuk lf¸;n dYcs vkfcn lkfgc jger evkc vkSj vgns gkft+j esa eqQfDdjs bLyke MkDVj lf¸;n dYcs lkfnd+ lkfgc fd+Cyk o d+k,ns feYyrs tkQ+jh;k gqTtrqy bLyke oyeqfLyehu ekSykuk lf¸;n dYcs tokn ud+oh lkfgc fd+Cyk jkSud+ vQjkst+s eluns Q+T+yks fgnk;r gSaA


fu'kkus jkg

13

nknk ejgwe tukc ekSyoh lS0 fjt+k eqgEen ud+oh fjt+k tk;lh 'kkfxnsZ gt+jr ekuh tk;lh] us [k+ku cgknqj ekSyoh lf¸;n dYcs vCckl ud+oh tk;lh ,MoksdsV ds lkusg&,&bjrsgky ij tks rkft+;rh eqln~nl rluhQ+ Q+jek;k Fkk ml esa e'kkghjs tk;l ds rt+fdjs ds ckn Qjekrs gSa %& 'kku ejgwe ds ?kj dh Hkh gS vc is'ks fuxkg D;k 'kjQ+ gd+ us fn;k gS bls vYyk&vYykg bLerqYykg lk bl ?kj dk gS ewfjl t+h tkg myek blds lnk nnhh ¡ ds jgs iq'r iukg vkt Hkh p'e&,&[kS + j ks cjdr tkjh gS bl ?kjkus is vHkh rd djes ckjh gS bl ?kjkus us fn;s ng~j dks nks dYcs gqlSu ,d Fkk eks v tt+ k &,&flCrs jlw y q L ld+ y S u nwljk t+hurs feEcj Hkh Fkk efLtn dk Hkh tS+u t+ k fdjs 'kkes x+ j hck¡ fnys t+ g jk dk pS u Qt+ys [k+kfyd+ ls vtc mlus xqgj ik;s gSa yky ik;s gSa fd nks 'kElks d+ej ik;s gSa u Q+dr+ fgUn rd bl ?kj dh gS nqfu;k egnwn blds vQ+jkn dk gS djcks cyk esa Hkh otwn Fkk ts+cl tT+c&,&[k+kfyl ls ogk¡ bldk oq:n bldks ljdkjs gqlSuh us fn;k ukeks uewn fdlh fgUnh us tks ik;h u oks bT+t+r ns nh HkkbZ ds jkSt+s dh bl ?kj dks beker ns nh


fu'kkus jkg

14

gqLus bRrsQkd+ ;g gS fd vki dk tks nkfngky gS ogh ufugky Hkh gS ysfdu eknjh fj'rs ls vkidks ,d vkSj vt+he 'kjQ+ gkfly gS vkSj og ;g fd vkidk flyfly&,&ulcs eknjh cjsZ lx+hj ds vt+he eqLysg vkSj eqtrfgn vk;rqYykfgy mt+ek cg~#y mywe vYykek lS¸;n fnynkj vyh tk;lh ulhjvkcknh xq+Q+jku ekvkc vySfgjZgek eqro¶+Q+k 1235fg0 rd igq¡prk gSA ftUgksaus bLuk v'kjh et+gc fgUnqLrku esa jk;t Qjek;kA 'ksvj~ h e'kx+yk Hkh vkids [k+kunku dk iqjkuk t+kd S + gS] pqukups lS¸;sny q ok,t+hu ekSykuk lf¸;n dYcs gqluS ¼vOoy½ bCus ekSykuk oyh eqgEen gqluS eqtrfgn dk vjch o Qkjlh dyke nLr;kc gSA ekSykuk dYcs vkfcn ¼vOoy½] ekSykuk dYcs fjt+k vkSj ekSykuk dYcs vLdjh lkgscku Hkh Qkjlh vkSj mnwZ esa 'k;jh Qjekrs Fks ekSykuk dYcs ckfd+j vkSj muds rhuksa csVs vjch o Qkjlh ds e'kgwj vnhc o 'kk;j FksA esve~ kjs feYyr dqn+ orqy myek ekSykuk vkd+k glu lkfgc vkSj t+kfdjs 'kkes x+jhck¡ ekSykuk lf¸;n dYcs gqluS lkfgc dk Qkjlh vkSj mnwZ esa dyke ekStnw gSA vkSj ekSykuk glu t+Qj lkfgc ds nknk eksyoh


fu'kkus jkg

15

lS¸;n dYcs vgen ^ekuh* tk;lh dk 'kqekj rks mnwZ ds cM+s 'kksvjk esa gksrk gSA ekuh lkfgc dh rhu vnn x+ty + ksa ds etew, vkSj ,d vnn etewv&,&d+lk,n vkSj nks vnn lykeksa ds etew, ercwv gksdj voke o [+okl ls f[k+jkts rglhu gkfly dj pqds gSAa vYykek ^ekuh* tk;lh ftrus vPNs 'kk;j Fks mrus gh vPNs ulz fuxkj Hkh FksA ekuh lkfgc ds Q+jt+Uns vjtqeUn ;kuh ekSykuk glu t+Qj lkgc ds okfyn ekftn ejgwe lf¸;n bd+ckyqTt + Q + j+ ud+oh lkfgc ,d vPNs vkSj dkfe;kc 'kk,j FksA ekSlQ w + dh x+ty + ksa dk ,d eteqvk ^^fQ+Øs vkf'k;k¡** cUns ds ikl ekStnw gS tks ejgwe ds bjrsgky ds ckn 'kk, gqvk gSA ekSykuk glu t+Qj+ lkfgc dh g;kr vkSj vc rd ds dkjukeksa dk vxj cx+kjS eqrkyvk fd;k tk;s rks cx+jS fdlh [k+kQ S + ds dgk tk;sxk fd vki ,d eqtkfgn] bafd+ykc ijoj vkSj rkjh[k+ lkt+] ehleh fdjnkj j[kus okys] Q+ylQ&,&eqgEen o vkys eqgEen ds vkfjQ+ 'k[+l gSAa ekSykuk ds d+ky S o vey esa csgn bRrsgkn gS] ekSlQ w + dh t+cku dh vkokt+as fny dh lnk,¡ gksrh gSAa vkidh rd+jhjsa tgk¡ dkfe;kc o ed+cy w gSa ogha rgjhjsa Hkh voke o [k+okl dks csgn ilUn gSAa


fu'kkus jkg

16

vc rd ekSlQ w + ds N% vnn eteq&,&rd+kjhj mnwZ esa vkSj ,d ed+kykr dk etewvk ^^fu'kkus jkg** mnwZ esa ftldk fgUnh vuqokn vkidh f[k+ner esa gkft+j gS vkSj rhu fdrkcsa vaxzst+h esa Ni pqdh gSa vkSj nks fdrkcsa ts+js rCvk gSa ts+js ut+j fdrkc ^^fu'kkus jkg** vLy esa ikfdLrkfu;ksa ds fy;s fy[kh x;h gS ysfdu tks vljh rd+kt+kas vkSj feYyh elk,y ij eqQhn xq¶+rxw dh x;h gS og lsgreUn fQ+Ø j[kus okyksa ds fy;s [+okg og fdlh eqYd ds gksa Q+k;ns ls [k+kyh ugha gSa cfYd cUnk rks ftl et+ewu dks i<+rk gS rks yxrk gh ugha gS fd ;g fdlh vkSj eqYd ds elk,y o olk,y ij cgsl gS cfYd gekjs eqYd ds eksfeuhu o eqfLyehu gh ds fy;s rgjhj fd;k x;k gSA vkSj ;gh et+kehu ds vkQ+kd+h gksus dh csgrjhu nyhy gSA fdrkc dh lwjr esa uwjs fgnk;r Qkm.Ms'ku dh ;g rhljh is'kd'k gSA mEehn gS fd eksfeuhu fu'kkus jkg dks i<+dj T+;knk ls T+;knk QSt + + gkfly djsx a As eqlrQ+k gqlSu ud+oh ^vlhQ+* tk;lh lEiknd ekfld if=dk ^^'kqvk&,&vey** uwjs fgnk;r Qkm.Ms'ku] y[kuÅ&3


fu'kkus jkg

17

fu'kkus jkg-----eaft+y dh tkfuc ,d d+ne rkjh[k+ (History) nlZxkgs fgder blhfy;s gS fd og vkbZuknkjs bcjr gS! iwjh dk;ukr [+kqnk dh lyrur gS vkSj ftl rjg ds lquu (Traditions) o uokehl (Norms) bl lyrur ds teknh] uckrh] gSokuh ekStwnkr (Mineral, Flora, fauna) ij gkoh gSa blh rjg bUlkuh ft+Unxh Hkh [+okg og Q+nZ dh gks ;k lekt dh] blh dh rd+nhjkr vkSj blh ds t+okfcr esa tdM+h gqbZ gSA bu csykx d+okuhu ds rgr dksbZ iLek¡nk (Backword) vkSj det+ksj d+kSe ;dk;d lj mHkkjrh gS vkSj nwljh rjQ fdlh ?ke.Mh d+kSe dk gky oSlk gks tkrk gS tslS d+ljs jQhm''kku [k.Mjksa ¼'kkunkj egy½ esa cny tk;sA dksbZ rgt+hc m:t ij vkrh gS vkSj dksbZ igys ls rlYyqr


fu'kkus jkg

18

;k¶rk rgt+hc tM+ cqfu;kn m[kM+ tkrh gSA dksbZ 'k[+l cksfj;k ls mBrk gS vkSj vkyes bLyke ds fny dh èkM+du cu tkrk gSA vkSj fdlh nwljs ds lj ls dq+njr rkt uksprh gS rks lj Hkh blh ds lkFk t+ehu ij vk fxjrk gSA iwjh rjh[k+ vt+erksa vkSj bcjrksa dk ,d d+fczLrku gS ;gk¡ dHkh fQjvkSu Hkh Fkk ftlus dgk Fkk ^vukjCcqdqey vkyk* ¼eSa rqEgkjk cM+k ikyugkj gw¡½ ;gk¡ ue:n Hkh xqt+jk gS ftlus 'kkus bLrsdckj ls dgk Fkk ^vuk gS¸;q o mehrq* ¼eSa ftykrk vkSj ekjrk gw¡½ ;gk¡ paxst+ o gykdw Hkh ryokjsa ygjk pqds gSa] ftUgksaus 'kgjksa dks ed+ry cuk fn;k Fkk] [+kwu ds nj;k cgk,] bYe ds fpjkx+ xqy fd;s] blerksa ds xqy'ku rkjkt fd;s] ;gk¡ dHkh fgVyj dk eqDdk gok esa ygjkrk Fkk vkSj elwyhuh dh lS¸;knksa ¼f'kdkfj;ksa½ tSlh fuxkgsa fny ls xqt+j tk;k djrh FkhaA [kqn gekjh rkjh[k+s bLyke esa ;t+hn] f'kez] bCus ft+;kn] gTtkt fcu ;wlqQ tSls t+kfye meoh o l¶Qkd ¼Øwj½ vCcklh gqDejku vkSj bCus gqcSjk


fu'kkus jkg

19

tSlh [kw¡[+okj gfLr;k¡ Hkh xqt+jh gSa] fQj d+jhc ds nkSj esa eqLrQk deky ik'kk] teky vCnqy ukflj vkSj 'kga'kkgs bZjku dk Madk ctrk geus ns[kk exj tc og dq+njr dh njk¡rh ds uhps vk;s vius eq[k+kfyQs nhu t+kfyekuk vkeky dh t+n esa vk;s rks jax dqN vkSj gks x;kA ljt+ehus ikfdLrku dSls Qjkeks'k dj ldrh gS] xq+yke eqgEen] v¸;wc [k+ku vkSj bl d+chy ds cgqr ls gqdejkuksa ds vnokj ¼nkSjksa½ dks tcfd bu yksxksa ds r[+r gekjs ljksa ij fcNs gq, Fks ysfdu ijojfnxkjs vkye us mUgsa ,t+kt+ o bdjke ds LVst ls uhps <dsy dj ihNs fxjk fn;k muesa dqN gqdejku rd+ohes ikjhuk ¼iqjkuh LFkkiuk@ipkax½ gks pqds gSa] dqN nlsZ bCjr ds rkSj ij ils nhokj ft+Unk¡ gSa vkSj dqN eqYd ls Q+jkj gks x;s gSa rkjh[k+ dk èkkjk dHkh ugha #drkA xqt+'rk dbZ ngkb;ksa ls 'khvk d+kSe jn~nks d+ng ¼okn&fookn½] ilks is'k] rt+ct+qc vkSj ek;wlh dk f'kdkj gSA ek;wlh dk et+Z ,d [k+rjukd etZ+ gS fdlh QnZ dks ykfgd+ gks ¼yx tk;s½ ;k fdlh d+kSe dks] ysfdu eksfeu ds fy;s ek;wlh dSalj dk


fu'kkus jkg

20

ntkZ j[krh gS] dqvkZus djhe esa bj'kkn gqvk] bZeku okys rks ogh gSa tks vYykg vkSj mlds jlwy ¼l0½ ij bZeku yk;sA fQj og fdlh 'kd o rt+ctq+c esa u iMs+ vkSj mUgksaus vYykg dh jkg esa eky vkSj viuh tku ls ftgkn fd;kA ;g yksx tks gSa ogh ¼vius bZeku esa½ lPps gSa ¼vygqtjkr&15½A ;gh ekSykuk glu t+Qj ud+oh dk rgjhj dk cSuqLlqrwj ¼vk'k;½ gS fd ek;wlh d+kSeksa ds gd+ esa uqd+lkunsg lkfcr gksrh gSA ;g Bhd gS fd gekjh d+kSeh gkyr ct+kfgj bfUrgkbZ fcxM+h gqbZ gSA rkge r'oh'kukd vkSj ek;wldqu gkykr esa rx+¸;qj ok rCnhyh vkSj blds eq'kfdy elk,y dk gy fcydqy eqefdu gS] bldh dqUth ekStwn gS vYykg ij Hkjkslk] bRrsgkn o uT+e] lgh fu'kkuk] dqckZuh o joknkjh ds t+fj;s dkSe iLrh ls cqyUnh dh rjQ+ vk ldrh gS] cq<+kis ls tokuh dh rjQ iyV ldrh gS] d+kSes ;wuql dh rjg ekSr o gykdr ds x<+s ls fudydj ft+Unxh ls gefdukj gks ldrh gSA gekjk fny fdruk gh x+eks vUnksg ls Hkjk vkSj ?kqVrk jgs] gekjs lhus esa ges'kk mEehn dk leqæj ekStsa ekjrs jguk


fu'kkus jkg

21

pkfg;sA ysfdu mEehn ds ekus ;g ugha gSa fd ge gkykr o gd+k,d+ ls ukokfd+Q jgsa ;k mudks ut+j vUnkt+ dj nsa] 'kqrqjeqxZ dh rjg jsr esa lj Nqik ysa] rY[k+ vkSj laxhu gd+hd+rksa ls fuxkgsa pkj u djsa] cpdkuk rlfYy;ksa vkSj [+kq'kQgfe;ksa ds lgkjs ft+Unk jgsa] jgt+uksa ls mEehnsa ck¡èkdj mudks viuk jgcj cuk ys]a rkjh[k+ vkSj fQ+rjr vkSj d+okuhu ls vk¡[ksa cUn djds gj yEgs ;gh lqduw ykus okyk jkx vykirs jgsa fd cl rCnhyh vkuk gh pkgrh gSA rcnhyh dgha ckgj ls ugha [+kqn gekjs vUnj ls vk;sxh] ekSykuk lS¸;n glu t+Qj fy[krs gSa %& ^^ekStwnk gkykr us fQØ o vey dh lykfg;rksa dks lYc ¼Nhu½ dj fy;k gSA cnrjhu gkykr bruh eksgyr gh ugha ns jgs gSa fd feYyr dks bl eq'kfdy ls fudkyus ds fy;s eUlwckcUnh dh tk;s] tks dke Hkh fd;k tk jgk gS og ,sMgkd vkSj mcwjh cqfu;knksa ij fd;k tk jgk gS blfy, eqLrfd+y vkSj iDds urhts dk loky gh iSnk ugha gksrkA**


fu'kkus jkg

22

ekSykuk bldk bykt ;g rtoht+ djrs gSa] gesa dqN nsj ds fy;s vius fny o fnekx+ dks ;Dtk vkSj ,d rjQ djuk gksxkA dqN oD+r ds fy;s gkykr dh nyny vkSj [+kq'k Qgfe;ksa dh tUur ls vius vkidks ckgj fudkyuk gksxk] mcwjh QSlys djus ds ctk;s cM+s lcz o rgEeqy ls 'kq# gh ls viuh lQ+sa nq#Lr djuh gksaxhA d+kSe ftu laxhu elk,y vkSj Mjkous [k+rjkr ls nkspkj gS vkSj ftl rjg Hkaoj (VORTEX) esa Qalh gqbZ gS blls bLrsgdke] lykerh] cd+k lc nkoยก ij yxs gq, gSa] gj pht+ ds eqLrd+fcy ij cs;d+huh ds xgjs ckny Nk;s gq, gSaA dy D;k gksxk] dksbZ ;d+hu ds lkFk ugha dg ldrkA dksbZ laxhu ls laxhu ckr Hkh ,slh ugha jg x;h ftldk gksuk ukd+kfcys rlOoqj ;k [k+kfjt vt+ bedku gksA gekjk d+Rys vke gks ldrk gS tSlk fd vQx+kfuLrku esa gqvkA oD+ru QoD+ru gesa ekSr ds ?kkV mrkjk tk;s tSls fd ikfdLrku esa et+gch ng'krxnhZ ds t+ f j;s gks jgk gS A ge ij vlZ&,&g;kr rax dj fn;k tk;s] ge ij dqร+ ds


fu'kkus jkg

23

bTrsekvh Q+Ros rks yx gh pqds gSa dgha ,slk u gks fQjd+kokfj;r ds urhts esa [kw¡jst+h dh vkx HkM+d mBsA gj 'kksv~c&,&g;kr esa gesa nhokj ls yxk;k tk jgk gS exj ge gSa fd gesa ,glkl Hkh ugha gS vkSj lcls cM+h ekSr ;gh ,glkl dh ekSr gSA d+kSe dh d'rh ;d+hu ds ctk, 'kd] mEehn vkSj gkSlys ds ctk;s ukmEenh vkSj Mj] bRrsgkn ds ctk, b¶+rsjkd+] n;kur ok oQk ds ctk, cnn;kurh] ywV [klksV vkSj csoQ+kbZ ds Hkaoj esa Qalh gqbZ gSA ;g rks d+kSeh ft+Unxh dh etewvh dSfQ+;r gS vyx&vyx ns[ksa rks dksbZ 'kksv~ck ,slk ugha gS ftlesa HONESTY OF PURPOSE ds rgr PURPOSEFUL dke gks jgk gksA d+kSeh fl;klr gks ;k d+kSe dh bD+rslknh lwjrs gky] rkyhe gks] ,[k+ykd+ o fdjnkj gks ftl rjQ nsf[k;s eQkn gS] vukijLrh gS] [k+qnx+t+hZ o gln gS] eqlkcsd+r o cnut+eh gS] bRrsgkn o rut+he dk [k+kRek gS] d+k;n o d+kSe esa Qklys gSa] esgjkc o feEcj dh ltkoV gS] [+kEq l dh olwfy;kch dk equT+te+ fut+ke uk gksus dk lcc bldk uktk;t+ bLrsv~eky gS]


fu'kkus jkg

24

d+kSe esa bykd+kbZ] fylkuh vkSj ut+fj;krh vlfc;rsa (Fanaticism) ijoku p<+ jgh gSa] ykyp o gol us bUlku dks gSoku cuk fn;k gS] rcd+krh d'ked'k vkSj lekth Å¡p&uhp c<+rh tk jgh gSA ;g vkSj ckr yqVsjkssa ds cl esa gS rd+lhe oxjuk ng~j dh gj pht+ gS lHkh ds fy;s

;g lc dqN bRrsQkd+h gknlk ugh gS ;g lwjrs gky ,d fnu esa iSnk ugha gqbZ] cjsZlx+hj dh rd+lhe ds oD+r gh gekjs ex+fjch vkd+kvksa us ;g STRATEGY eqjRrc dj yh Fkh fd eqlyeku gels ct+kfgj vkt+kn gksdj Hkh ckfruh rkSj ij gekjh xq+ykeh dk rkSd+ vius xys ls u mrkj ldsa fygkt+k mUgksaus eqlyekuksa esa tks u;s fQ+jds+ cuk;s Fks og muds fy;s lwneUn lkfcr gq, pqukaps eqlyekuksa esa ijs'kku ut+jh o ijs'kku fQØh dh vkfc;kjh ds fy;s bu fQjd+kas ls vyRrokrqj yxkrkj dke fy;k tk jgk gSA blds vykok C.I.A.] ewlkn] K.G.B. vkSj bl fd+Le dh nwljh ,tsafl;k¡ Hkh ges'kk ljxeZ vey jgsa vkSj gks ldrk gS fd bu ,tsafl;ksa us


fu'kkus jkg

25

gekjh ,tsl a ht+ ds yksx Hkh [k+jhn j[ks gksAa ikfdLrku esa C.I.A. dk vey n[k+y cgqr ft+;knk gSA bldk vUnkt+k bl ckr ls yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd 1968bZ0 esa teZuh esa DR.MEDARD us ,d NksVh lh fdrkc WHO IS WHO IN C.I.A. 'kk, dh Fkh bl fdrkc esa vejhdh tklwlh fut+ke ds QSyko dh rQlhykr ds vykok muesa rhu gt+kj C.I.A. ,tsUVksa ds uke vkSj eq[+rlj lokfugh [kkds Hkh fn;s x;s Fks tks fd 120 eqekfyd esa dke dj jgs FksA ikfdLrku esa dke djus okys C.I.A. ds ,tsUVksa dh QsgfjLr lcls yEch Fkh ftls crkZfu;k (Britain) dh ,d ikfdLrkuh eSx+t+hu "PAKISTAN LEFT REVIEW" esa Hkh 'kk, fd;k Fkk bldk mnwZ rtZqek P.I.A. ds esgur d'kksa ds rtqZeku etYyk ^^eU'kwj** djkph fnlEcj 1969bZ0 dh b'kkvr esa mu ,tsUVksa ds uke vkSj muds vksgns ds lkFk 'kk, gks pqdk gSA blfy, vejhdh C.I.A. dk lcls cM+k fu'kkuk 'khvkus gSnjs djkZj gSaA og le> pqds gSa fd 'khvksa dh fdjnkj lkt+h dk ljp'ek ejftb¸;r gS vkSj vt+knkjh muesa bady +s kch :g csnkj djrh gS blfy,


fu'kkus jkg

26

et+gch tquwfu;ksa dks [k+jhndj 'khvksa dk d+Rysvke djok jgs gSaA gkyk¡fd ns[kus esa ng'krxnhZ ds f[k+ykQ gSa ysfdu iwjh nqfu;k ds ng'krxnksZa ds gd+hsd+h vkSj lcls cM+s ljijLr ;gh gSaA ng'krxnhZ bUQsjknh (Individual) Hkh gksrh gS vkSj bTrsekvh (Collective) HkhA ng'krxnhZ gj eSnku esa gks jgh gSA fl;klh ng'krxnhZ] et+gch ng'krxnhZ] tjk,e is'kk vQ+jkn dh ng'krxnhZ vkSj bYeh ng'krxnhZA ng'krxnhZ rkd+r o dq+Oor ds isV ls iSnk gksrh gS] tq+Ye o flre dh vkcks gok esa ijofj'k ikrh gS] nkSyr o ykyp dh fQt+kvksa esa ijoku p<+rh gS] csg;kbZ o csx+Sjrh ds vUèksjksa esa vk¡[k [k+ksyrh gS] tq+Ye o laxfnyh] r'kn~nqn o d+lkor ¼dBksjrk½] bLrscnkn o gSokfu;r ds xgokjksa esa iyrh gS] 'kSrkuksa vkSj nfjUnksa ds lhuksa ls nwèk ihdj toku gksrh gS vkSj vejhdk vkSj nwljh bLrsdckjh o lkezkT;h d+qOorksa ds cy cwrs ij rjD+d+h djrh gSA nkSjs gkft+j esa ng'krxnhZ ,d [k+rjukd ockbZ et+Z dh 'kDy bf[+r;kj dj x;h gS ftlus iwjh nqfu;k dks viuh yisV esa ys fy;k gSA


fu'kkus jkg

27

lrgs vkc gks] [+kq'dh ;k [kqyh fQ+t+k gj txg ng'krxnhZ dk jkt gSA ftu ed+kekr dks eqrcfjZd le>k tkrk jgk ;kfu ¼efLtn gks ;k enjlk½ vkSj ftu eycwlkr dks eqd+n~nl le>k tkrk jgk ;kfu ¼Vksih] ixM+h] vekek o d+ck½ vc rks og Hkh ng'krxnhZ dh iukgxkg cus gq, gSa fd ftuds rd+n~nql dh xgjh Nki voke ds fny o fnekx+ ij eqn~nrksa ls yxh gqbZ gS vkSj ftuds rd+n~nql o ikdht+xh dk nqfu;k lfn;ksa ls dyek i<+rh jgh gSA ;gh rd+n~nql o ikdht+xh rks ng'krxnhZ ds fy, fgtkc o ud+kc dk dke djrh gSA ng'krxnhZ bu gh eqd+n~nlkr ds ihNs Nqih cSBh jgrh gSA ;g rd+n~nql ekWc vc yksxksa dks vEu o HkkbZ pkjs ds rjx+hc o ryd+hu ds ctk; ng'krxnhZ dh rkyhe nsrs gSa vkSj enkfjl esa cPpksa dks nhuh rkyhe nsus ds ctk; mUgs a uQjr o vlfc¸;r vkS j fQjd+kokfj;r dh rkyhe nsrs gSaA ch0ch0lh0 us bl flyflys esa uewus ds rkSj ij ,d enjls dh vDlcUnh (Photography) djds nqfu;k dks gSjr esa


fu'kkus jkg

28

Mky fn;k fd ogk¡ cPpksa dks tathj esa tdM+ j[kk gqvk gS vkSj mUgsa 'kcks jkst+ ^^dkfQj dkfQj 'khvk dkfQj** dk fonZ djk;k tkrk gS vkSj mu cPpksa us crk;k fd gekjs vlkrst+k dgrs gSa fd ,d 'khvk dks ekjuk 70 gt dk lokc gSA t+kfgj gS fd dksbZ Hkh eqrken~fnu d+kSe (Civilized Nation) ;k le>nkj eqlyeku bls ng'krxnhZ ds vykok D;k uke nsxkA bu gkykr dk ekSykuk glu t+Qj ud+oh lkgc us D;k [+kwc rtft+;k fd;k gS % ^^ekn~nh [+okfg'kkr mUgsa 'kSrkuh rkd+rksa dk gfFk;kj cuk nsrh gS]a enkfjl dh benkn dh vkM+esa ;g dq+Oorsa muesa uqQwt+ ¼fuos'k½ iSnk djrh gSa] ;g eky dh pdkpkSaèk ls vUèks gksdj viuh nhu o t+ehj nksuksa dk lkSnk dj ysrs gSa] eky nsus okyksa dk gfFk;kj cu tkrs vkSj bUlkuh cfLr;ksa dh cckZnh ds fy;s [kwu ihus okys HksfM+;s cu tkrs gSaA** ,d vkSj txg fy[krs gSa % ^^;g nqfu;k ijLrksa dk og Vksyk gS tks nhu ds eqd+n~nl fyckl dh vkM+ esa viuh [+okfg'kkrs u¶lkuh dh rdehy dj


fu'kkus jkg

29

jgk gS vkSj bl Qsv~y ¼dke½ ij cgqr [+kq'k gS fd fdl rjg yksxksa dh vk¡[kksa esa èkwy >ksad jgk gSA** nq'eu rks gekjs f[k+ykQ iwjh fgders veyh] iwjh eUlwck cUnh] iwjh uQjrksa vkSj iwjs olk,y ds lkFk vkekn&,&tax gS cfYd tax dk vkx+kt+ dj pqdk gS vkSj ge gSa fd okfQj lqdwu vkSj uksVksa vkSj es;kjs ft+Unxh vkSj vklkbZ'kkr dks gkfly djus ds fy;s viuh vkSykn ds lkFk vius bZeku] vius vd+ h ns vkS j vius Q+ j ht+ & ,&nkor] vius tT+ck&,&buQkd+ Qh lchfyYykg] vius fnekx+] viuh uekt+k]as jkstk+ ]as ins]Z 'keZ] x+jS r] jok;kr] rgt+hc] ld+kQr] bd+rsnkj lc ekn~nk ijLrh dh vkx esa >ksad jgs gSa tks t+ekus us gj rjQ HkM+dk j[kh gS] fj'or] [k+;kur] tk,t+ o uktk,t+] gjke o gyky esa vc reht+ ugha jghA gekjh d+kSe esa nwljksa dh rjg tax] t+jxjh o bUrs'kkj o b¶rsjkd+ o b[+rsykQkr dk nk;jk c<+rk tk jgk gSA gksuk rks ;g pkfg;s Fkk fd ge viuh DEFENCE LINE dks et+cr w djsAa ysfdu ge viuh


fu'kkus jkg

30

d+kSe ds ukilUnhnk vQjkn dh ixM+h mNkyus esa el:Q+ gSaA b[+rsykQ+ ds dqN vknkc gksrs gSaA eqgT+t+c vQjkn is'kkoj cnek'kksa tSlk rjhd+k bf[+r;kj ugha djrsA vxj gesa enkZuxh fn[kkuh gS rks vius nq'eu vkSj gjhQksa dks fn[kk;sa u fd [kqn vkil esa ,d&nwljs ds fxjscku idM+rs jgsaA vxj ge [k+;ky yksxksa dks blls vkxkg djds mls mlds gky ij NksM+ nsa rks oD+r mls lc dqN fl[kk nsxkA d+kSe dh d'rh Hkaoj esa gS ----------------------exj

'khvk d+kSe dh d'rh Hkaoj esa gSA viuh d+kSeh ft+Unxh dk lcls laxhu cksgjku gekjs lkeus gS ;g d+kSe ds fdlh nkuk o chuk 'k[+l ls iks'khnk ughaA ekSykuk glu t+Qj ud+oh dh ^^fu'kkus jkg** ,d nkuk o chuk gd+he dh rnchj gS ftl ij vey iSjk gksdj bZeku o ,[k+ykd+ dh rkehj dh tk ldh gSA ekSykuk us et+Z ds vLckc ij Hkh jks'kuh Mkyh gS vkSj bldk bykt Hkh crk;k gSA gekjs d+kSeh fcxkM+ dk lcls igyk lcc rkyhe dk ukfd+l vkSj nksgjk fut+ke gSA ,d rjQ d+kSe


fu'kkus jkg

31

ds uke ij Ldwy [kksyk tkrk gS blds fy;s d+kSe ds pqus gq, vQjkn ls DONATION Hkh fy;k tkrk gS vkSj ryck ls Hkkjh Qhl Hkh yh tkrh gSA t+kfgj gS fd bl lwjr esa d+kSe ds x+jhc cPps u rks mu Ldwyksa esa Hkkjh Qhl ns ldrs gSa u Vªk¡LiksVZ ds [k+pZ cnkZ'r dj ldrs gSa u Msªl vkSj fdrkcksa ds Hkkjh [k+pZA d+kSe ds uke ij ntZuksa [kqys gq, Ldwyksa esa ,d uke Hkh ,slk ugha gS tks 'khvk d+kSe ds x+jhc cPpksa ds fy;s ueZ xks'kk j[krk gksA vxj rkyhe lgh gks vkSj nhuh o nqfu;koh rkyhe dk esy gks rks ,[k+ykd+ o fdjnkj dh rkehj dh t+ekur gS vkSj d+kSe dh meaxksa vkSj fet+kt dh vkbuknkj gks rks bl ds fd+Cys dks lgh #[k+ ij ij[kus dk t+fj;k gSA cnfd+lerh ls lcls ft+;kng cs#[k+h cfYd eqtfjekuk cs#[k+h rkyhe ls gh cjrh x;h gSA 35 lky xqt+j tkus ds ckn Hkh 'khvk d+kSe vius rkyheh bnkjs u cuk ldh vkSj flQZ 22 Qhln vkcknh i<+h&fy[kh gSA nhuh enkfjl dh lwjrsgky vQlkslukd gS iwjs ikfdLrku esa ,d Hkh 'khvk enjlk ,slk ugha


fu'kkus jkg

32

gS ftls ge nhxj fQjd+ksa ds fdlh vPNs enjls ds eqd+kcys esa is'k dj ldsa tSlk fd ekSykuk glu t+Qj us bldh fu'kkungh dh gSA ikfdLrku esa Hkh ,d gkSt+&,&bfYe;k gksuk pkfg;s ysfdu gkSt+&,&bfYe;k rks njfdukj tks pUn enkfjl gSa og cckZnh dk f'kdkj gSaA cgqr ls enkfjl rks vius cPpksa ds fy;s [kksys x;s gSa vkSj t+krh feyfd;r gSaA d+kSeh cksgjku dk ,d lcc x+jhch gS vkSj es;kjs ft+Unxh dh iLrh gSA ;d+huu Q+kd+k] cn~n;kurh rd ys tkrk gSA x+jhch dk [k+kRek bZeku dk rd+kt+k gS] d+kSeh cngkyh ls rQjd+k] >xM+k vkSj [+kwu&[k+jkcs esa bt+kQk gks jgk gSA d+keS VsDukyksth vkSj evk'kh rjD+dh+ ds fygkt+ ls ilekยกnk gSA dk'k gekjs myek o jksvklk dHkh bl ckjs esa Hkh x+kSj QjekrsA d+kSeh cksgjku dk lcls cM+k lcc ,d cklykfg;r] Qv~vky] eq[k+fyl] xS+j eqrvLlc]


fu'kkus jkg

33

nhunkj] ckfyx+ ut+j] jkS'ku fQØ vkSj tqjkvreUn d+;knr dk u gksukA d+kSeh cksgjku dk ,d lcc d+kSeh rut+he] rgjhd vkSj rjfc;r ;k¶rk dkjdquksa dh deh Hkh gSA dk'k ge lc feydj bnkjs cukrsA dHkh d+kSe ds uknkjksa] csokvksa] ;rheksa] ekt+wjksa ds ckjs esa lksprs] dHkh mu cPpksa ds ckjs esa lksprs ftuds ek¡&cki mUgsa Ldwy esa i<+kus dh gSfl;r ugha j[krs vkSj d+kSe ds cgqr ls t+ghu cPps olk,y dh deh dh otg ls vkyk rkyhe ls eg:e jg tkrs gSaA dk'k d+kSe ds izksQsljt+] ysDpjjt+ vkSj mLrkn dHkh bu x+jhc cPpksa ds fy;s lksaprs vkSj Ýh V;w'ku lsUVj d+k;e djrs rkfd d+kSe ds og cPps tks V;w'ku Qhl u nsus ds lcc V;w'ku ugha i<+ ldrs vkSj vPNs xzsM ls eg:e jg tkrs gSa og Hkh eSnkus rkyhe esa olk,y j[kus okyksa dh vkSyknksa dh rjg vkxs c<+rsA d+kSe ds MkDVjt+ dHkh d+kSe ds ektw+jksa vkSj


fu'kkus jkg

34

chekjks a ij Hkh ut+ j s dje Qjekrs ] dk'k myek&,&fdjke] vkSj ge lc mu cfPp;ksa ds ckjs esa lksaprs ftuds x+jhc ek¡&cki ngst+ u ns ldus dh otg ls mudh Mksyh ugha mBk ldrs] ;k ge ngst+ dh ykur ds f[k+ykQ dksbZ d+ne mBkrsA D;k geus dHkh 'kksgnk ds mu cPpksa ds ckjs esa lkspk fd fdl gky esa gSa og cPps] yksfj;ksa ds 'kgt+kns vius cki ds I;kj ls eg:e gks x;s gSa dk'k ge mUgsa 'kQd+r ls xys yxkrs] dk'k ge ils nhokjs ft+Unk¡ d+kSe ds mu xqeuke flikfg;ksa vkSj vlhjksa dk [k+;ky j[krs ftUgksaus d+kSe dh bT+t+r o ukewl ds fy;s vius eqLrd+fcy dks nk¡o ij yxk fn;k] ftudh ek,¡ csnkj vkSj [+okchnk gkyr esa muds d+neksa dh vkgV eglwl djrh gSa vkSj njs ft+Unk¡ [kqyus ds [+okc ns[krh gSa] ftudh cgusa lqCg o 'kke vius HkkbZ;ksa dh jkg rdrh gS] ftudh chfo;k¡ iFkjkbZ gqbZ vk¡[kksa ls vkrh tkrh jkrksa dks ns[kk djrh gSa vkSj gj vkgV ij ;g le>rh gSa fd mudh tqnkbZ;ksa ds fnu [k+Re gks x;sA


fu'kkus jkg

35

D;k muds cPps muls loky u djrs gksaxs fd ek¡ ckck dc vk;saxs\ d+kSe tokc ns fd og nq[kh vkSj xet+nk ek¡ vius cPps dks D;k tokc ns vkSj dc rd y¶t+ksa ls cgykrh jgsA gesa bu ckrksa dk ,glkl blfy, ugha gS fd ge bl rwQku ls ugha xqt+js gSa] ge ij ;g d+;ker ugha VwVh gS] ge bl ijs'kkuh ls nkspkj ugha gq, gSaA ysfdu ;g d+;ker dHkh vkSj fdlh oD+r fdlh ij VwV ldrh gSA u tkus rd+nhj dc gesa gekjs cPpksa ls tqnk dj ns fdlh dks ugha ekyweA vxj ge [kqn dks ml txg j[kdj lksprs rks brus csfgl u gksrs exj ftl d+kSe esa rlOoqjs d+;ker u gks] ,glkl ej tk;s] flyk jgeh [k+Re gks tk;s] viuk dksbZ rkyheh rlOoqj u gks vkSj dksbZ rgt+hch ud+'kk u gks vkSj dksbZ d+;knr u gks vkSj dksbZ rjfc;r u gks rks mlds ;gk¡ eSnku [kqyk gS ftldk th pkgs gesa jksan Mkys] ftldk th pkgs ftl fd+Le ds [k+;kykr o vd+k;n pkgs d+kSe esa QSyk;s dksbZ fglkc djus okyk] jksd Vksd djus okyk vkSj euk djus okyk ugha gSA


fu'kkus jkg

36

tgk¡ vd+k;n dh tax t+ksjksa ij gks] tgk¡ nqfu;koh bnkjksa ds lkFk&lkFk nhuh bnkjksa esa Hkh [kkus ihus dk dkjksckj 'kq# gks tk;s] tgk¡ esgjkc o feEcj esa ltkoV gks] tgk¡ myek o t+kfdjhu vyx&vyx lcd+ i<+k jgs gksa] tgk¡ ,d eUlwcs ds rgr tksgyk dks nLrkjs Qt+hyr igukdj feEcjksa ij fcBk fn;k x;k gks cfYd eqlYyr dj fn;k x;k gks] tgk¡ et+gc ,d Qk;nk nsus okyk dkjksckj gks] vt+knkjh&,&lS¸;nq''kksgnk frtkjrh bnkjk cu tk;s] tgk¡ d+kSe dk MORAL DOWN gks pqdk gks] [k+kSQ Mj rkjh gks] tgk¡ dksbZ fdlh dk gky iwNus okyk u gks] ,d&nwljs ls csxkuk gks] ,d&nwljs dk ,grsjke NksM+ ns] ,s l h [k+ L rk gky o cs p kjxh vkS j tq e w n o tq t + k e dk vkye tgk¡ rkjh gks ogk¡ yks x fdlh rgjhd ;k fdlh eq r kycs ds fy;s dS l s [kM+ s gks ldrs gS a \ ekSykuk lS¸;n glu t+Qj ud+oh dh fdrkc fu'kkus jkg esa ,d ed+lfn;r dkjQjek gS mUgkssaus cM+s d+kfcys d+nz tT+cs ds lkFk ;g dke vUtke


fu'kkus jkg

37

fn;k gS] tks d+kSeh nnZ j[kus okys] ut+fj;krh] lkgscs fny] lkgscs ut+j] lkgscs rd+ok vQjkn vkSj lUthnk d+kjh ¼ikBd½ ds fy;s ,d d+herh ljek;k gSA ekSykuk ,d lhekc flQr] cspSu vkSj eqt+rfjc :g ds ekfyd gSaA budh rgjhj esa nnZ] nkor] csd+jkjh ik;h tkrh gSA buds mLywcs c;ku esa lUthnxh Hkh gS vkSj fnyd'kh o tkt+fc;r HkhA bUgksaus d+kSe ds csykx eqcfLlj dk fdjnkj vUtke fn;k gS vkSj d+kSeh gkykr dk ,d cjkcj vkSj x+Sj tkfucnkjkuk rtft+;k is'k fd;k gS vkSj flQZ rud+hn o rclsjk o rtft+;k ij gh bDrsQ+k ugha fd;k cfYd Bksl rtkoht+ Hkh is'k dh gSaA tks ekStw+vkr ekSykuk us [k+kSQs Qlkns [k+Yd+ dh otg ls ;k Hkwy dj NksM+ fn;s Fks eSaus ckrphr ds nkSjku mudh fu'kkungh dj nh gS mEehn gS fd ekSykuk vkbUnk Hkh bl fd+Le ds bfUrgkbZ t+:jh ekStw+vkr ij d+ye mBkrs jgsaxsA vxj gj 'k[+l elysgr xt+hnk ;k csfgl gks x;k rks gqlSuh fdjnkj dkSu vUtke nsxk\ fdlh dks rks rkSQhd+ gqbZ fd


fu'kkus jkg

38

bl lgjk esa vt+ku ns] fdlh us rks gQsZ gd+ dgk] lyke ml ij tks gd+ dks dq+cwy djsA oLlyke vkys eksgEen jt+eh djkph


fu'kkus jkg

39

D;k fd;k tk;s\ gekjk lQ+j rohy] lcz vkt+ek vkSj Fkdk nsus okyk gSA gekjs lkeus elk,y dk vEckj gSA Mjkous vkSj xEHkhj elk,y] ct+kfgj ,slk yxrk gS tSls ;g elk,y vpkud gh gekjh d+kSe ij vk iM+s gSa ftlds fy;s yksx igys ls rS¸;kj u Fks vkSj u bu gkykr dk lkeuk djus ds fy;s dksbZ is'kxh eUlwck cUnh dh x;h FkhA ysfdu gd+hd+r ;g gS fd bu eqf'dykr vkSj elk,y dh tM+sa de ls de ,d lnh ihNs isoLr ut+j vkrh gSaA gksuk rks ;g pkfg;s Fkk fd tc bu elk,y vkSj eqf'dykr ds cht cks, tk jgs Fks vkSj bLrsv~ekj cM+h gh gksf'k;kjh vkSj pkcqdnLrh ls fgUnqLrku dh ljt+ehu ij [k+Re u gksus okyhs fQ+rus o Q+lkn dh nkx+csy Mky jgk Fkk vkSj cqfu;knsa et+cwr dj jgk Fkk mlh oD+r ls bl


fu'kkus jkg

40

fQ+rus o Q+lkn dh tM+sa dkVus ds fy;s eulwck cUnh gksuh pkfg;s Fkh exj vUtkus rkSj ij et+gch dq+Oorsa lkezkth vt+k,e dks dke;kc djus dk ckfvl curh pyh x;haA lkezkt rd+lhe nj rd+lhe ds mlwy ij vey iSjk jgk vkSj ;g vey flQ+Z ljgnksa dh rd+lhe ij ugha #dk cfYd rd+lhe 'kqnk t+ehuksa esa] bykd+kbZ;r] fylkfu;r vkSj fQjd+kokfj;r ds :i esa ijoku p<+rk jgk vkSj vkt ,d et+cwr vkSj rukoj nj[+r dh lwjr esa bl f[k+Rrs ij vius eugwl vkSj 'kSrkuh lk, dh t+qYersa QS+ykrk pyk tk jgk gS vkSj bl lj t+ehu dk dksbZ Hkh xyh dwpk ,slk ugha tgkยก bl 'ktjs [k+chlk dh dksbZ 'kk[k+ lk;k Qsxu u gks vkSj bls vius vklsc ls eqrkfLlj u dj jgh gksA ekStnw k gkykr us fQร˜ o vey dh lykfg;rksa dks lYc dj fy;k gS] cnrjhu gkykr bruh eksgyr gh ugha ns jgs fd feYyr dks bl cksgjku ls fudkyus ds fy;s eUlwckcUnh dh tk;s] tks dke Hkh fd;k tk jgk gS og ,Mgkd vkSj mcwjh cqfu;knksa


fu'kkus jkg

41

ij fd;k tk jgk gS] fygkt+k eqLrfd+y o ik,nkj urhts dk loky gh iSnk ugha gksrkA gesa dqN nsj ds fy;s vius fny o fnekx+ dks ;dtk vkSj ;dlw djuk gksxk] dqN oD+r ds fy;s gkykr dh nyny vkSj [kq'k Qgfe;ksa dh tUur ls vius vkidks ckgj fudkyuk gksxk] mcwjh QSlys djus ds ctk; cM+s lcz o rgEeqyls fQj ls viuh lQsa nq#Lr djuh gksaxh cfYd ;g eku dj fd lQsa gSa gh ugha vius lkeus ,d flQ+j yxkuk gksxkA ;g cM+h vkt+ekbZ'k dk oD+r gS lqCgks 'kke cnyrs gkykr gesa elk,y esa dwn tkus ds fy;s iqdkjsx a As yksxksa dh Q+fj;knsa gesa viuh rjQ eqroTtsg djsaxhA ysfdu gesa ;g rLyhe djuk iM+sxk fd ge u flQZ ;g fd ,d equrf'kj eqvk'kjs dh dksbZ enn ugha dj ldrs cfYd bu gkykr esa dwn dj dqN dj ldus dh lykfg¸;r ls Hkh eg:e gks ldrs gSaA bldh r'jhg dh t+:jr gSA d+kSesa pUn lkyksa esa curh ;k fcxM+rh ugha gSaA rkjh[ks+ vd+oke ;gh crkrh gS fd ;g lfn;ksa dk vey gSA lSadM+ksa lky


fu'kkus jkg

42

t+qYe o flre dh pDdh esa filus okyh d+kSe vkf[k+jdkj Survive djrh gS vkSj vkf[k+jdkj ,d dq+Oor dh lwjr esa mHkjrh gSA lfn;ksa rd nqfu;k ds cM+s fgLls ij gqDejkuh djus okyh d+keS as vkf[k+jdkj rkjh[k+ ds ifg¸;s esa vkdj t+oky dk f'kdkj gks tkrh gSaA fdlh [k+kl d+kSe dh felky nsus dh t+:jr ugha rkjh[k+ ds lQgkr ij cs'kqekj felkysa uD+'k gSaA gekjs ,d fxjksg dks vkf[k+jdkj ;g ft+Eesnkjh ysuk iM+sxh fd og ct+kfgj vius Åij csfglh rkjh dj ys vkSj fdlh Hkh rjg gkykr ds ekStwnk èkkjs ls vius vkidks ckgj fudkys vkSj vius fy;s ,d iukgxkg ryk'k dj ysA ;g iukgxkg viuh tkusa cpkus ds fy;s ugha cfYd vkbZUnk ulyksa ds eqLrd+fcy dks egQwt+ djus ds fy;s ^^x+kjs fgjk** dk dke nsA ,slh gh ,d iukg lcls igys vCnqy eqRrfyc ¼v0½ us fQrus o Qlkn ls nwjh bf[+r;kj djds gkfly dh vkSj bl fQØh iukgxkg esa cjlksa rd viuh d+kSe dh gkyr ij vQlksl djus ds


fu'kkus jkg

43

lkFk&lkFk fny o fnekx+ ds njhps [kksydj d+kSe ds eqLrd+fcy ds ckjs esa lksprs jgrs FksA ;g fQØs vCnqy eqRrfyc flQZ x+kj rd egnwn u jgh cfYd tc ;g x+kj ls ckgj fudyh rks vCnqy eqRrfyc vius csVksa ij eq'krfey ,d NksVk lk rjfc;r ik;k fxjksg r'kdhy nsus esa dke;kc gks x;s tks vkus okys dy esa vcqrkfyc] vCckl] get+g] vkSj vCnqYykg vkSj mudh vkSyknksa dh lwjr esa ud+hcs bUds+ykc dks dq+Oor Qjkge djsaxs vkSj cjlksa ij eqghr vCnqy eqRrfyc ¼v0½ vkSj vcqrkfyc ¼v0½ dh t+gersa jax ykdj jgsaxh vkSj tc og utkr nfgun&,&c'kfj¸;r ¼;kfu bUlkfu;r dks tq+Yeks flre ls NqVdkjk nsus okyk½ fQruk o Qlkn ds 'ktjs [k+chlk dh tM+ksa ij geyk djsxk rks ijojfnxkj mls gSnjs djkZj ¼v0½ dh 'kDy esa vius tS+x+e ¼'ksj½ dh usv~er vrk djsxkA vYykg dh enn gkfly djus ds fy;s t+:jh gS fd igys [+kqn dqN bd+nkekr fd;s tk,¡] igys [+kqn vius gkykr cnyus ds fy;s d+ne c<+k;s tk,¡A ysfdu ;g cgqr t+:jh gS fd ;g x+kSj o


fu'kkus jkg

44

fQ+Ø djus okyk fxjksg x+kjs fgjk ryk'k djus okyk fxjksg] e[k+ywds+ [+kqnk dh eqgCcr ls lj'kkj gks] [+kqnk dh jLlh dks et+cwrh ls Fkkes gq, gks] b'ds+ jlwy esa Mwck gqvk vkSj eS[k+ku&,&dcZyk dk tke fi;s gq, gks ftldk dHkh u mrjus okyk [+kqekj mls tkn&,&gd+ ¼lhèkk jkLrk½ ij xket+u j[kus ds fy;s t+:jh gSA ,sls vQjkn dh ryk'k vkSj mUgsa ;dtk djuk lcls eqf'dy ejgyk gS exj ukeqefdu ughaA ,sls vQ+jkn fdlh [k+kl rcd+s esa ugha cfYd gj rcd+s essa ekStwn gSa vkSj mudk gj rcds+ esa gksuk t+:jh gSA ekt+h dh dM+okgV ;g crkrh gS fd eq[k+rfyQ rcd+kr dks ut+j vUnkt+ djus ds fy;s Hk;kud urhts lkeus vk;sA nkfu'oj ¼cq)thoh½ rcd+k fdlh Hkh d+kSe ds bjrsd+k esa jh<+ dh gM~Mh dh gSfl;r j[krk gS] vnhc] 'kk,j] MkDVj] d+kuwunk¡] eqvfYye Q+ylQ+h ox+Sjg ;g lc feydj fdlh eqvk'kjs vkSj d+kSe dh r'dhy vkSj rjD+d+h esa vge rjhu fdjnkj vnk djrs gSaA ysfdu t+jk fiNyh vkèkh lnh ij ut+j


fu'kkus jkg

45

Mkfy;s rks vkidks ut+j vk;sxk fd mudh fQØh lykfg;rksa dks feYyr dh rkehj ds ctk;s ljcjkgkus oD+r dh f[k+nekr ds fy;s oD+Q dj fn;k x;k vkSj tks vius t+ehj dk lkSnk djus ij rS¸;kj u gksa bldh vkokt+ mlds xys gh esa ?kksaV nh x;h ;k bruh deh dj nh x;h fd [+kqn mls Hkh viuh vkokt+ vtuch eglwl gksus yxhA

vkx+kt+ dSls fd;k tk;s\ elk,y dh fu'kkungh cgqr vklku exj mudk d+kfcys vey gy is'k djuk cM+k eq'kfdy dke gSA bl ft+Eu esa igyh ckr ;g gS fd tc rd ge elk,y dh tM+ dks u ryk'k dj ysa ge mu ij d+kcw ikus dk rlOoqj Hkh ugha dj ldrsA tc rd vius nq'eu dh igpku u gkfly dj ysa mls f'kdLr nsus dk [k+;ky Hkh vged+kuk gSA gekjk vLy nq'eu og ugha gksrk tks ge ij xksyh pykrk gS ;k gekjh cfLr;ksa dks rckg djrk gS cfYd vLy nq'eu og gksrk gS tks mlls xksyh pyok jgk gksrk gS vkSj vkx yxok jgk gksrk gSA


fu'kkus jkg

46

nq'eu dh igpku%& cl ftíkstksg~n ¼Hkjiwj dksf'k'k½ dh jkg ij d+ne c<+kus ls igys gekjs fy;s nq'eu dks igpkuuk vkSj blds eqrkfYyd+ reke ekywekr dk gkfly djuk t+:jh gS] lkeus vkus okys gkykr esa bUlkfu;r dks tgUuqe dh rjQ <dsyus okys 'kSrku ds ;g vky&,&dkj rg nj rg inksZa vkSj ud+kcksa ds ihNs Nqidj cSB x;s gSaA gekjs eqvk'kjs dks tgUuqe ds ngkus rd igq¡pkus ds fy;s lkejkt us dqN 'kSrkuksa dks ge ij eqlYyr fd;k vkSj tq+Ye rks ;g gS fd bu lk¡iksa cfYd vt+ngksa dks gekjs gkFkksa gh nwèk fiyok;k vkSj ct+kfgj ge [+kqn gh muds rkd+roj vkSj vkx cjlkus okys vt+ngs cukus dk t+fj;k cusA

igyk Hkwr%& fQjvkSfu;r ds okfjl tkxhjnkj] tks t+ehu ij [+kqnkbZ ds nkosnkj cudj vius vkidks bUlkfu;r ds nk;js ls [k+kfjt djuk vkSj bUlkuksa dks xq+ykeh dh t+athjksa esa tdM+uk viuk gd+ le>rs gSa] t+ehu ftruk Hkh lksuk mxys og


fu'kkus jkg

47

mudh feyfd;r vkS j muds 'kgt+ k nks a vkS j 'kgt+kfn;ksa ds jkst+ks 'kc dks jaxhu rj cukus ds fy;s ;k fQj ,sokus bD+rsnkj dh xq+yke xfnZ'kksa dks lkQ+ j[kus ds fy;s oD+Q+ gS rkfd mudh tkxhjksa ij jsaxus okys dhM+s&edksM+ksa ij ftuds [kwu ilhus ls ;g t+ehu lksuk mxyrh gS vius jksc o tyky dk flDdk fcBk;k tk lds vkSj tc ;g fQjvkSu ,yku djsa fd ^^vuk jCcqdqeqy vv~yk** rks ;g dhM+h&edksM+s uqek e[+kywd+ muds lkeus fltns esa pyh tk;sA ;g tkxhjnkj vLy esa lkejkt dh xq+ykeh ds flys esa gkfly dh gqbZ tkxhjksa ds ekfyd gh ugha cfYd mlds reke 'kSrkuh gFkdaMksa ds okfjl Hkh gSaA ;d+huu buesa dqN vQ+jkn vius gh flLVe ds ckx+h gksrs gSa exj ;k rks og xqeukeh esa ft+Unxh clj dj nsrs gSa ;k fQj vius gh [k+kunku ds vQ+jkn ds gkFkksa ekSr dh uhan lqyk fn;s tkrs gSa D;ksafd viuh tkxhjnkjh dh fgQkt+r djus okys vius flLVe ds fy;s dksbZ [k+rjk cnkZ'r ugha dj ldrs] pkgs og [kwuh fj'rk gh D;ksa u gksA


fu'kkus jkg

nwljk Hkwr%&

48

gkekuh C;qjksØslh tks vYykg dh e[k+yd w + ij fQjvkSuksa dks eqlYyr djus dh ft+Eesnkj gSA fQjvkSu cnyrs jgrs gSa exj ;g viuh txg et+cwrh ls d+k;e jgrs gSaA bUgsa vius vkidks et+cwr j[kus dk Q+u vkrk gSA gqdejkuksa ds fy;s ft+Unkckn vkSj mudh eq[k+kfyQr djus okyksa ds fy;s eqnkZckn ds ukjs yxkus okys lknk voke ;g ugha tkurs fd voke dk [kwu pwlus okys 'kSrku vLy esa C;qjksØslh gS tks gqdejkuksa dks ;g ;kn fnykrh gS fd muls ft+;kng gqdwer dk oQ+knkj dksbZ ugha gSA blh [kw¡[kkj C;qjksØslh dh lkejkt uokt+ ikyhfl;ksa ij gqdejku vey djrs gq, cspkjs vkSj cscl voke ij d+gj <krs gSaA nwljh rjQ ;g C;qjksØslh voke ds lkeus et+ywe cu tkrs gSa fd og dqlwjokj ugha gSa cfYd og rks gqdejkuksa ds vgdke ykxw dj jgs gSaA djI'ku ¼cqjkbZ½ QSykus esa lcls ft+;kng gkFk blh C;qjksØslh dk gksrk gSA x+Sj eqYdh d+t+sZ ysus vkSj gM+i djus ds ekfgj ;g yksx tc rd gqdejku rcd+s esa djI'ku iSnk u djsa ml oD+r rd ;g


fu'kkus jkg

49

[kqn vius [k+t+kuksa dks ugha c<+k ldrsA blfy, igys ;g [+kqn gh gqdejku [k+kunku vkSj ot+hjksa] eq'kkhjksa dks djI'ku ds jkLrs lq>krs gSaA ysfdu loky ;g gS fd ;g ,slk D;ksa djrs gSa\ bldh pUn otwgkr gSa %& igyh otg rks og 'kSrkuh fut+ke ¼flLVe½ gS tks lkejkt gekjs lj Fkksik x;k gSA bl fut+ke esa C;qjksØslh mu gh dh rjfc;r ik;h gqbZ] mu gh ds ykbuksa ij rjfc;r ysus okyh gS tks viuh ljt+ehu vkSj viuh d+kSe ls ft+;kng viuk ukrk vaxzst+ksa ls tksM+us dks Q+[kz+ tkurh gS] mudk jgu&lgu] mBuk&cSBuk] cPpksa dh vaxzst+ vk;kvksa dh xksn esa rjfc;r] NqfV~V;k¡ ;wjksi ds glhu lkfgyksa ij xqt+kjuk] eqlhcr esa eqYd NksM+dj Q+jkj gksus ds fy;s gj oD+r ,d iSj ls rS;kj jgukA nwljh otg csnhuh gS ;g mudh rjfc;r dh [+kqlwfl;r gS fd mudk dksbZ nhu ugh gksrk] mudk nhu] et+gc] vd+hnk lc mudh dqlhZ vkSj mudk Q+k;nk gksrk gS blhfy;s ;g vius eqYd ds ctk;s bLrsv~ekjh ¼lkezkth½ rkd+rksa ds Q+k;ns dh fgQkt+r djrs gSaA lqcwr


fu'kkus jkg

50

;g gS fd vius voke dk [+kwu ikuh dh rjg cg tk;s] mu ij dksbZ vlj ugha gksrk ysfdu vxj muds vkd+kvksa elyu vejhdk ;k czsVsu ds flQ+kjr[k+kuksa ;k muds eqykft+eksa dks dksbZ >wBh èkedh Hkh nh tk;s rks fQj vki mudh fQØeUnh vkSj ijs'kkuh nsf[k;sA vLy esa ;g mu gh eqYdksa ds flQ+kjr[k+kuksa ds oQ+knkj vkSj ued [kkus okys gSaA ;d+huu muesa dqN gh yksx fey tk;saxs tks fugk;r [+kqywl vkSj f[k+ner ds tT+cs ds lkFk vkSj bl fut+ke dks cny nsus ds vkjt+w ds lkFk rjfc;r ys dj bl flLVe esa nkf[k+y gksrs gSa ysfdu mUgsa tYn gh vUnkt+k gks tkrk gS fd og fdl 'kSrkuh pDdj esa vk pqds gSaA exj ,sls lPps yksxksa dh rknkn bruh gksxh ftruh iqfyl ds egDes esa bZekunkj vQ+jkn dh cfYd 'kk;n iqfyl esa ft+;knk Q+tZ+ f'kukl vQ+jkn fey tk;saxs exj C;qjksØslh tks rg nj rg inksZa esa Nqidj dke djrh gS muesa ;g rknkn 'kk;n blls Hkh de gksA


fu'kkus jkg

51

rhljk Hkwr%& tqeZ djus okys fl;klrnku ¼usrk½ Lexyjksa] pksjksa] Mkdqvksa] d+kfryksa vkSj yqVsjs ljek;knkjksa dh csgrjhu iukgxkg fl;klh tekrsa gSaA igys ;g gksrk Fkk fd ;g tqeZ djus okys yksx fl;klh yksx vkSj fl;klh tekrksa dks iSlk nsrs Fks rkfd cqjs oD+r esa ;g fl;klh tekrsa mudh ljijLrh djsa ;k gqdwer esa vkdj mUgsa ywV&ekj djus esa et+hn vklkfu;k¡ Qjkge djsa exj vc ;g lkjs tqeZ djus okys vQjkn [kqn gh fl;klrnkuksa ds :i esa vkdj fl;klh tekrksa esa 'kkfey gksdj ;k u;h fl;klh tekrksa dks cukdj vius eqtfjekuk dkjksckj dks egQwt+ dj ysrs gSaA bldh ft+;kng ot+kgr dh t+:jr ugha gS] gsjksbu dk dkjksckj gks ;k gfFk;kjksa dk VsDl pksjh vkSj dLVe M~;qVh cpkus dk elyk gks ;k cSadksa esa d+t+Z gM+i djus dk] ,tsafl;ksa ds gqlwy dk elyk gks ;k cM+s&cM+s Bsdksa dk lc txg budk jkt gS vkSj iwjs eqYd esa gj gj fgLls esa budk 'kSrkuh ukp tkjh gSA


fu'kkus jkg

52

oD+rh rkSj ij gh lgh ysfdu tc ,d pksjksa dk Vksyk tkrh gS vkSj nwljk pksjksa dk fxjksg mldh txg lEHkky ysrk gS rks fiNys okyksa ds dkjukes t+:j lkeus vkrs gSa vkSj dHkh&dHkh rks ,slk Hkh gksrk gS fd ;g lkjs pksj fdlh vkilh Qk;ns ij ,d vkokt+ gks tkrs gSa ,slh ,d felky csut+hj HkqV~Vks ds nkSj esa ml oD+r lkeus vk;h tc M~;qVh Ýh yDt+jh dkjksa dk ekeyk gqvkA reke ikjfy;kes.V ds esEcjksa dks ;g lgwyr nh x;h fd og yDt+jh dkj fcuk M~;qVh vnk fd;s gkfly dj ldrs gSaA bl dkj dh flQZ M~;wVh yk[kksa #i;s curh Fkh rks fQj vUnkt+k fd;k tk ldrk gS fd og dkj D;k gksxh\ bl elvys ij og vjdkus vlsEcyh ds esEcj Hkh tks lqCgks 'kke vlsEcyh esa csut+hj gqdwer ds f[k+ykQ mèke epkrs jgrs Fks vkSj voke dh cngkyh dk jksuk jksrs Fks] og Hkh [kq'k fnyh ds lkFk jkt+h gks x;s vkSj lcus pqi&pki bl lgwyr dks ih fy;kA D;k fl;klh uqekbUns vkSj D;k et+gc ds Bsdsnkj vius Qk;ns gkfly djus ds fy;s lkjk


fu'kkus jkg

53

vokeh x+e Hkqyk cSBs] og rks Hkyk gks dqN lgkfQ+;ksa dk ftUgksaus v[k+ckjksa esa bl dsl dks mNkyk vkSj bl rjg vlsEcyh ds esEcjksa dk gd+hd+h psgjk lkeus vk;kA [k+Sj gksuk D;k Fkk! nks pkj fnu 'kksj epk fQj ogh [k+keks'kh vkSj csfglhA ftl eqYd ds fl;klh jguqekvksa dh gsjksbu dh QSfDVª;k¡ vkSj et+gch jguqekvksa dk vkx ds gfFk;kjksa dk dkjksckj gks] vki D;k le>rs gSa ogk¡ fl;klh rjfc;r vkSj bLykeh rjfc;r dk dksbZ bedku gS] d+rvu ughaA ;gk¡ Hkh dqN lPps vkSj 'kjhQ yksxksa dks vyx fxjksg esa j[kuk iMs+xk exj bl 'kSrkuh fut+ke esa buls fdlh ekstst+s dh mEehn csdkj gSA

pkSFkk Hkwr%& bLyke ls cs[k+cj bLyke ds Bsdsnkj eqYykA tgk¡ rkjh[k+s bLyke ufc;ksa ds okfjlksa ;kuh myek&,&gd+ dh dq+ckZfu;ksa ls iqj gS vkSj muds ikd [kwu ls equOoj gS] ogha gj nkSj esa myek dk pksyk vks<+dj bLyke ij vUèksjs esa pqids ls geyk djus okys dqN eqYykvksa dk Hkh cM+k gkFk gS tks


fu'kkus jkg

54

fdlh [k+kl edrc ds ugha cfYd gj edrcs fQØ esa ekStwn jgs gSa vkSj bl rgjhj esa esjk b'kkjk mUgh nhu Qjks'kksa dh rjQ gS u fd mu myek&,&gd+ dh rjQ tks bLyke dh is'kkuh dk txexkrk gqvk >wej gSa vkSj ftuds d+ye dh jks'kukbZ 'kksgnk ds [kwu ls vQt+y gSA ysfdu bu nwljh fd+Le ds dqN eqYykvksa ds f[k+ykQ Hkh ckr djuk muds f[k+ykQ d+ye mBkuk muds ukilUn psgjs ls ud+kc gVkuk] vius dks eqlhcr esa Mkyus dh rjg gSA vxj yksxksa ds lkeus budk gd+hd+h :i is'k djus ds cnys lj nsuk iM+rk rks lkSnk egaxk ugh gSA bu tkyh eqYykvksa esa vkSj dqvkZu djhe esa is'k fd;s tkus okys ;gwn o ulkjk ¼bZlkb;ks½a ds iknfj;ksa vkSj jkfgcksa esa dksbZ Q+d+Z ugha gS] ;g Hkh vk;krs bykgh dk lkSnk cM+s lLrs nkeksa esa djrs gSaA nhu dh rjQ eqM+us ds ctk; nhu dks viuh rjQ eksM+rs gSaA ;g ftl bLyke ds nkosnkj gS mlesa lykerh gh ugha gS ckd+h lc dqN gSA ;g tks bLyke nqfu;k ds lkeus is'k dj jgs gSa bldk iSx+Ecj¼l0½ ds bLyke ls nwj dk Hkh


fu'kkus jkg

55

okLrk ughaA iSx+Ecjs vdje us bLyke QSyk;k] ;g elyd QSykrs gSa] equTth;s c'kfj¸;r us tkfgy] >xM+kyw vkSj og'kh yksxksa dks bUlku cuk;k vkSj ;g bUlkuksa dks okil ftgkyr] >xM+s vkSj og'kr o tqYe ds jkLrs ij fy;s tk jgs gSaA jlwy ¼l0½ cnrjhu nq'euksa ij Hkh d+kcw ikus ds ckn jksts+ QRgs eDdk 'kgj esa jger vkSj 'kQd+r cudj nkf[k+y gksrk gS] ;g tgk¡ tkrs gSa [kwu&[k+jkck vkSj cjcknh dh nkLrkusa fy[k Mkyrs gSaA jlwys vjch ¼l0½ efLtnksa dks dkfe;kch dh nkor nsus ds fy;s rkehj djk;k] ;g d+Ry o x+kjrxjh dh nkor ds fy;s bLrseky djrs gSaA ;g vius et+gch ed+ke dks lekt esa eqgCcr dh feBkl QSykus ds ctk;s t+gj QSykus ds fy;s bLrseky djrs gSaA ;g og t+gjhys bUlku gSa ftuls lk¡i] fcPNw Hkh iukg ek¡xrs gSaA yksxksa dks rd+os vkSj ijgst+xkjh dk lcd+ nsus okys ;g yksx [kqn ekn~nk ijLrh vkSj fnyh [+okfg'kksa dh iSjoh esa lc yksxksa ls vkxs gSaA elkftn ij d+Ct+s dk elyk gks ;k enkfjl dh vkM+ esa t+ehu ?ksjus dk ekeyk ;g mu tqeZ


fu'kkus jkg

56

is'kk fl;klr nkuksa ls Hkh pkj gkFk vkxs gSaA D;ksafd fl;krlnk¡ tks dqN djrs gSa nhu dh vkM+ esa ugha djrs exj ;g nhu ds Bsdsnkj ogh lkjs dke nhu dk pksyk vks<+dj vUtke nsrs gSa vkSj voke dks myek&,&ckvey ls Hkh nwj dj nsrs gSaA yksxksa dks [+kqEl o t+dkr ds ekeys esa [kqnk ls Mjkus okys ;g yksx fdruh vkt+knh ls [+qkEl o t+dkr gM+i dj tkrs gS og buds vkSj budh vkSykn ds jgu&lgu ls fn[krk gSA ljek;knkjksa ds fy;s elun fcNkrs gSa] tkxhnkjksa ds [kq'kkenh vkSj pkiywl lsBksa ds lkeus gkFk tksM+s vkSj vxj dksbZ t+:jreUn feLdhu eksgrkt Hkwys ls buds njokt+s ij pyk tk;s rks fQj nsf[k;s ml x+jhc dh fdruh rkSghu gksrh gsA ;gh ekn~nh [+okfg'kkr mUgsa 'kSrkuh rkd+rksa dk gkFk cuk nsrh gSaA enkfjl dh ekyh benkn dh vkM+ esa ;g rkd+rsa muesa ?kqlrh gSaA ;g eky dh pdkpkSaèk ls vUèks gksdj vius nhu o t+ehj nksuksa dk lkSnk dj ysrs gSa] eky nsus okyksa ds gkFk cu


fu'kkus jkg

57

tkrs gSa vkSj bUlkuh cfLr;ksa dh cjcknh ds fy;s [kwu ihus okys HksfM+;s cu tkrs gSaA vkSj ,sls esa yksxksa dks ;g le>uk eqf'dy gks tkrk gS fd lgh vkSj x+yr myek dks dSls igpkusa\ gekjs edrc esa rks [kqnk dk 'kqØ gS fd lwjrs gky cgqr csgrj gS exj nwljh txgksa ij rks ;g vkye gS fd x+jhc] Hkw[ks vkSj x+jhch ds lrk;s gq, ek¡&cki vius ftxj ds VqdM+s buds gokys dj nsrs gSa fd de ls de Hkw[ks rks ugha ejsaxsA lekt ds Bqdjk;s gq, ;g cPps [k+Sjkr vkSj lnd+s ds eky ij ijoku p<+us okys ;gh eklwe cPps tc gj tqesjkr vius Bsdsnkj] enjls ds ekfyd eqYyk ds gqDe ij eksgYys ds ?kj&?kj tkdj [kkuk ek¡x jgs gksrs gSa rks ml oD+r ls muds t+sgu esa bl lekt ls bUrsd+ke ysus dk ykok iduk 'kq# gks tkrk gSA ¼;g eSa ugha dg jgk cfYd cSuqyvd+okeh ehfM;k us Hkh budh ;gh rLohj fn[kk;h gS½ ,glkls derjh (Inferiority Complex) ds f'kdkj ;g eklwe cPps vpkud og~'kh nfjUnksa esa rcnhy gks tkrs gSa vkSj ftu njokt+ksa ij mUgsa


fu'kkus jkg

58

,d&,d oD+r dh jksVh ds fy;s tkuk iM+rk Fkk] mu njokt+ksa esa tukts+ j[kok nsrs gSa] mu ?kjksa esa lQs ekre fcNok nsrs gSaA ¼[kqnk dk 'kqØ gS fd gekjs enjls de ls de bl ekeys esa nwljs edkfrc ls cgqr vPNs gSaA½ ;kn jgs fd eSa gj edrc ds] bLyke dks u le>us okys eqYykvksa dh ckr dj jgk gw¡ mu myek dh ckr ugha dj jgk tks nwljksa dk [kwu cgkus ds ctk; vius gh [kwus ftxj dks jks'kukbZ cukdj gd+hd+h bLyke dh rkjh[k+ fy[krs gSa vkSj gj nkSj esa lkejkt vkSj mlds cgko ds fy;s pSysUt cu tkrs gSa] u nhu dk lkSnk djrs gSA u nhu dk lkSnk djrs gSa u t+ehj dk] ftUgksaus tokuksa dks vius ed+kfln dh rjg HksaV p<+kus ds ctk, [+kqn lwyh ij p<+uk xokjk dj fy;kA fiNyh ,d lnh dk eqrkyk djsa rks vkidks teky míhu vQx+kuh ls ysdj yscuku ds vCckl ewloh rd eqd+kcyk djus okys myek dh ,d rohy QsgfjLr fey tk;sxh tks viuh lyhc vius dkaèkksa ij mBk;s&mBk;s vkf[k+jh lk¡l rd lkejkt


fu'kkus jkg

59

dk eqd+kcyk djrs jgsA ysfdu bu eqtkfgn myek dks Hkh buds ed+kfln gkfly djus ds nkSjku muds [+okc dks lp lkfcr djus ls jksdus esa tgk¡ lkejkth rkd+rksa dk gkFk FkkA ogha bu bLyke ds u le>us okys vkSj fQjd+k ijLr eqYykvksa dk Hkh gkFk FkkA tks lkejkt dks Hkh [kqnkbZ rkd+r d+jkj nsus ls ugha pwdrs Fks vkSj mUgsa gkfde d+jkj nsdj mudh brkvr dks okftc crkrs FksA rkjh[ks+ fgUn ds eqrkys ds nkSjku vkidks dqN edkfrc ds myek ds ,sls Qros fey tk;saxs ftuesa mUgksaus vaxzst+ lkezkt ds f[k+ykQ [k+M+s gksus dks gjke d+jkj fn;k FkkA vxj vkfjQ gqlSuh ¼jg0½ vkSj muds feLy myek us tkes 'kgknr uks'k fd;k rks blfy, fd bLyke ds ukle> eqYykvksa dh ,d cM+h rknkn us vius vey ds t+fj;s bLrsv~ekj vkSj blds vkykdkjksa dks ;d+hu fnyk;k Fkk fd ge vkfjQ gqlSuh ¼jg0½ dh ehjkl dks bl rjg ywVsaxs fd vkbUnk rohy vlsZ rd vkfjQ gqlSfu;ksa dk jkLrk cUn gks tk;sxkA


fu'kkus jkg

60

tokuksa dks ;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd muds fy;s uewu&,&vey vfjQ gqlSuh ¼jg0½ vkSj muds tSls myek gksus pkfg;saA mUgsa fQ+jd+kokfj;r QSykus okys dqN nhu Qjks'k vkSj t+ehj Qjks'k eqYykvksa dh gjdrksa ls ek;wl gksus dh t+:jr ugh gSA ;g nqfu;k ijLrksa dk og Vksyk gS tks nhu ds eqd+n~nl fyckl dh vkM+ esa viuh [+okfg'kkr u¶lkuh dks iwjk dj jgk gS vkSj bl dke ij cgqr [+kq'k gS fd fdl rjg yksxksa dh vk¡[kksa esa èkwy >ksad jgk gSA eqd+n~nl vkSj eqrcfjZd ukeksa ij ^^flikg** vkSj ^^tS'k** rjrhc fn;s tk jgs gSa rkfd bLyke ds uke ij gh eqlyekuksa ds [+kwu ls gksyh [ksyh tk;sA


fu'kkus jkg

61

dke dh 'kq#vkr fiNys lQgksa esa mu pkj Hkwrksa dh igpku djk;h x;h tks rkjh[k+h rkSj ij rks d+nhe gSa exj lkezkt us mUgsa tnhn ykbuksa ij equT+t+e djds gekjs lekt ij bl rjg eqlYyr dj fn;k gS tSls vkDVksil ¼vkB gkFk okyk leUnj tkuoj½ leUnj dh det+ksj e[k+ywd+ dks tdM+ dj cscl dj nsrk gSA bUlkfu;r ds ;g nq'eu blls dgha ft+;knk [k+rjukd] t+gjhys] [kwu ihus okys vkSj et+cwr gSa ftruk fiNyh lrjksa esa c;ku fd;k x;k gS cl buls eqd+kcys ds fy;s Hkh ,d rohy vkSj equT+t+e tn~nkstsgn dh t+:jr gSA bl ekSd+s ij ;g ;kn fnykuk t+:jh gS fd tq+Ye dh tM+sa dkVus ds fy;s dHkh Hkh tq+Ye dk gfFk;kj bLrseky ugha fd;k tk ldrk D;ksafd


fu'kkus jkg

62

bldk urhtk ,d t+qYe ds ckn nwljs t+qYe ds nkSj dk vkx+kt+ gksxk] cfYd t+qYe dks feVkus ds fy;s et+yfw e;r gh ds gfFk;kj dks bLrseky djuk iM+x s k vkSj ;g ckr r; gS fd t+kfye ds gkFkksa tq+Ye dh pDdh esa filus okys vQjkn dh rknkn dgha ft+;knk cfYd cgqr ft+;knk gSA nwljh ckr ;g gS fd t+kfye cqfu;knh rkSj ij cqt+fny gksrk gSA gekjk igyk dke ;g gksuk pkfg, fd lknk vkSj ftgkyr ds f'kdkj yksxksa esa bYe o le> iSnk djsa] ;kfu igyk ejgyk t+cku dk ftgkn vkSj d+ye dk ftgkn gSA ;d+huu gekjs lekt esa ,slk vd+yeUn vkSj gksf'k;kj rcd+k otwn j[krk gS ftlds fny esa et+gc o feYyr dh rM+i ekStwn gS vkSj tks et+gc o feYyr ds gkykr ij jathnk Hkh gS vkSj dksbZ gy Hkh pkgrk gSA gesa ,sls gh t+ehj okys myek] [krhcksa] vnhcksa vkSj 'kk;jksa o nhxj uqekbZUnk rcd+kr ij eq'krfey ,d rjfc;r ;k¶rk fxjksg rS;kj djuk iMs+xk tks vPNh rjg bl ckr dks le> ys fd ^^ft+Unxh ,d vd+hnk vkSj bldh [k+kfrj ftgkn dk uke gSA**


fu'kkus jkg

63

'kq#vkr esa ;g dke eqf'dy ut+j vkrk gS ysfdu tc ge vius vkxs flQ+j yxk gh pqds gSa rks fQj dksbZ ijokg ughaA gj d+ne vkxs gh 'kqekj gksxk pkgs fdruh gh lqLr jQ+rkjh ls D;ksa u c<+ jgk gksA ;g fxjksg viuh rgjhj] vius 'ksjksa] vius t+ksj c;ku vkSj bYeh lykfg;rksa dks flQ+Z vkSj flQ+Z et+ywe bUlkuksa dks t+kfye nq'eu dh igpku djkus vkSj mUgsa bdVBk dju ij lQZ dj nsA et+ywe yksxksa dk ,dtqV gksuk [+kqn ,d bafd+ykc dh vyker gS] d+kSeksa ds bTrsekvh QSlys ges'kk nq#Lr gksrs gSaA ,sls ejgyksa esa rchvr r'kn~nqn ¼fgalk½ dh rjQ ek;y gksrh gS ysfdu gesa vius tokuksa dks r'kn~nqn ls jksduk gSA ;g toku uLy blfy, ugha gS fd mls r'kn~nqn vkSj d+Ry o x+kjrxjh ds jkLrs ij Mkydj bUlkfu;r dks vkSj ft+;kng rckg djus esa gkFk caVk;k tk;sA gk¡ ;g t+:j gS fd t+:jr ds oD+r fnQ+kv dk gd+ nqfu;k dk gj et+gc vkSj d+kuwu gesa nsrk gSA gj oD+r /;ku jgs fd geus gkykr dks csgrj


fu'kkus jkg

64

djus dk csM+k mBk;k gS u fd vkSj [k+jkc djus dk] gesa voke dh eqdEey vdlfj;r dks bafd+ykc ds jkLrs ij Mkyuk gSA tc vokeh lSykc meUM iM+sxk rks og ,d fQ+rjh eqd+kcys dh rjQ c<+sxk vkSj og vokeh jsyk vly nq'euksa dks x+d+Z dj nsxkA gekjk jkLrk ufc;ksa dk jkLrk gksuk pkfg;s tgk¡ fnQ+kvh fgders veyh Hkh bl rjg vf[+r;kj dh tkrh gS ftlesa tq+Ye o gn ls vkxs c<+us dk t+jk Hkh bedku u jg tk;s] bl ds fy;s cMs+ gh gkS l ys ] 'kq t kvr vkS j lcz dh t+ : jr gS A vbZEe&,&rkfgjhu dh ft+Unxh vkSj lhjr dh eqdEey tkudkjh gh gesa ;g lw>&cw> vrk dj ldrh gSA ,sls vQ+jkn dk vd+hns dk iDdk gksuk bruk t+:jh gS] ftruk fd eNyh dh ft+Unxh ds fy;s ikuh] [kqnk ij bZeku] mldh ognkfu;r vkSj fdcfj;kbZ ij dkfey ;d+hu] mlds fut+kes vn~y ij bfReuku o ,rckj] iSx+Ecj [k+reh ejrcr ¼l0½ vkSj igys ds ufc;ksa dh rLnhd+ vkSj fny esa mudh eqgCcr] vbZEe&,&rkfgjhu dk b'd+ vkSj


fu'kkus jkg

65

mUgha ds jkLrs ij pyrs jgus dk vt+e o jksts+ tt+k ¼d+;ker½ ij ,slk ;d+hu xks;k tUur vkSj tgUuqe dks viuh vk¡[kksa ls ns[k jgs gksaA ;g lc t+ckuh tek [k+pZ u gksa cfYd mudk ,d&,d vey muds vd+hns dh iq[k+rxh dh xokgh nsA ,sls vQ+jkn ls ijojfnxkj dk oknk gS fd %&

^^bu rUlq#Yykgk ;Ulqj dqe o;qlfCcr vd+nkedqe** ¼lqj&,&eqgEen vk;r&7½ ¼rqe [+kqnk ds nhu dh enn djks [kqnk rqEgkjh enn djsxk] rqEgsa lkfcr d+ne j[ksxkA½

tc ge ufc;ksa vkSj vbZEe&,&rkfgjhu ds jkLrs ij xket+u gksus dh ckr dj jgs gSa rks fQj gesa viuh fQ+Ø dk nk;jk Hkh c<+kuk gksxk] vkyeh fQ+Ø iSnk djuh gksxh] gesa fQjd+k vkSj edrc ls ckykrj gksdj bLykes eqgEenh dh rLohj mtkxj djuk gksxhA utkr vkSj fjgkbZ fdlh ,d fxjksg dh ugha cfYd fcydrh vkSj flldrh bUlkfu;r ds gj fxjksg vkSj gj edrc dh] D;ksafd gj elyd esa


fu'kkus jkg

66

tq+Ye ds ekjs vkSj eqlhcr t+ng bUlku ekStwn gSaA ufc;ksa vkSj vbZEek dk elyd ;g gS fd [+kqnk dh e[k+ywd+ dh ckr djks] ;gh bLyke gS] ;gh nhu gS] ;gh og jkLrk gS] tks nq'okj vkSj [k+rjs okyk gS] ysfdu gesa bl ij d+ne j[kuk gksxkA [k+kSQ vkSj ng'kr ds ekgksy esa ft+Unxh clj djus okys ;g bUlku fdlh utkr fnykus okys dk jkLrk ns[k jgs gSaA fl;klh vkSj et+gch fyckl esa Nqis gq, fcPNqvksa ds Mad [kk;s gq, ;g yksx vius t+[k+eksa ds ejge dh ryk'k esa gSaA ;g det+ksj vkSj t+vhQ bUlku flok;s bfUrt+kj ds vkSj D;k dj ldrs gSaA buesa bruh rkd+r vkSj ldr Hkh ugha gS fd ;g HksfM+;ksa ds bl taxy ls dgha vkSj fgtjr dj tk;saA ge Hkh bfUrt+kj dj jgs gSa mldk ftldk oknk [kqnk us fd;k gS] ftldh c'kkjrs jlwys vdje ¼l0½ us nh gSA exj D;k flQZ gkFk ij gkFk èkjs bfUrt+kj djrs jgsa ;k ml vkus okys ds fy;s t+ehu geokj djsAa vUèksjh jkr esa bèkj&mèkj Bksdjsa [kkrs jgsa ;k fn;s ij fn;s tykrs jgsAa ;d+huu bu yksxksa


fu'kkus jkg

67

ij fn;s tykuk okftc gS tks QylQ&,&bfUrt+kj ls vk'kuk gS vkSj [kqnk us mUgsa lksapus le>us dh lykfg;krksa ls ekykeky fd;k gSA vke gkykr esa cqyUn o cM+s&cMs+ nkos lHkh djrs gSa ysfdu bu nkoksa dh gd+hd+r ml oD+r lkeus vkrh gS tc eqf'dy gkykr lkeus gksaA cd+kSy 'kghn eqLrQk pejku ds %& tc uD+d+kjk tax ij pksV iM+rh gS rks cgknj o cqt+fny esa igpku o reht+ gks tkrh gS**A eSnkus bfErgku esa ekywe gksrk gS fd dkSu vius d+kSy esa lPpk gS vkSj dkSu flQ+Z 'ksf[k+;k¡ c?kkjus okykA bUlku dh lykfg;rksa dk bfErgku cksgjkuh gkyr esa gksrk gS tks cksgjku ds nkSjku vius Åij d+kcw j[ks] gokl dks vius dUVªksy esa j[ks vkSj enkZuk okj eSnkus vey esa mrj vk;s mUgha yksxksa ds fy;s dykes bykgh esa bj'kkn gks jgk gS fd %& ^^feuy eq v ~ f euhuk fjtkyq u lnd+ w ek vkgnqYygk vySbgh Qfeugqe eu d+t+k ug~cgw ofeugqe e¸a;rft+# oek cn~nyw rcnhykA** ¼lwj&,&vg~t+kc vk;r&23½


fu'kkus jkg

68

¼eksfeuhu esa ls dqN enZ ,sls gSa tks [kqnk ls fd;s gq, vius vg~n dks iwjk dj fn[kkrs gSa muesa ls dqN ¼;g vg~n iwjk djds½ tk pqds vkSj dqN viuh ckjh dk bfUrt+kj dj jgs gSa vkSj bl ¼rjhd+s½ esa dksbZ rcnhyh vkus okyh ugha gSA½

vkt ,sls gkykr dk lkeuk gS fd vYykg ds cUnksa dks viuk vg~n iwjk djuk gS] rkjh[k+ fy[kuk gS] oD+r ds èkkjs dks eksM+uk gS vkSj fc[kjh gqbZ dq+Oor dks bdVBk djuk gS] ,slk ugha gS fd vQ+jkn dh deh gS cfYd ,d ,sls ejdt+ dh t+:jr gS tgk¡ bl fc[kjh gqbZ rkd+r dks tek fd;k tk ldsA ft+Unxh dk dksbZ 'kksck ,slk ugha gS tgk¡ bZeku okys vkSj vgys fQØ o ut+j u gksaA ;g lc viuh&viuh txg ijs'kku gSa fd D;k fd;k tk;s vkSj dSls fd;k tk;s vkSj fQj budh ut+jsa myek dh rjQ mBrh gSaA D;ksafd ;gh og flUQ gS tks d+kSe dks ea>èkkj ls fudky ldrh gSA ysfdu de ls de ekStwnk lwjrs gky ;g gS fd nwljksa ls csgrj gksus ds ckotwn buesa Hkh ,sls vQ+jkn dh deh gS


fu'kkus jkg

69

tks oD+r ds rd+kt+ksa vkSj tnhn elk,y ls fQØh rkSj ij eqdEey ge vkgaxh j[krs gksaA cgqr gh ekft+jr ds lkFk ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd dqN txgksa ij rks ckt+ vQjkn nhu dh cqfu;knh t+:jrksa ls Hkh u vk'kuk gSaA muds ikl feYyr dks nsus ds fy;s dqN Hkh ugha gS cfYd ;g rks feYyr ds ikl tks dqN gS mls Hkh lesVus dh fQØ esa yxs gq, gSaA ;d+huu pUn eq[k+fyl vkSj nnZ fny j[kus okys myek t+:j gSa tks viuh rjQ ls t+[k+eksa ij ejge j[kus dh dksf'k'k djrs gSaA muesa de rknkn ,sls myek dh Hkh gS ftudh elk,y ij iwjh ut+j gS] og lkft+'kksa dks ns[k Hkh jgs gSa vkSj le> Hkh jgs gSa] exj mudh vkokt+ esa bruh dq+Oor ugha gS fd feYyr muds ihNs pysA njvLy rd+n~nql ds fyckl esa myek ds ed+ke dks dqN nqfu;knkj eqYykvksa us bl rjg rckg fd;k gS vkSj myek ds ,rsckj dks bl cqjh rjg Bsl igq¡pkbZ gS fd vc yksxksa dh ut+j esa gj vkfye e'dwd gks x;k gS vkSj og blesa lgh Hkh gSa D;ksafd muds ikl gd+hd+h


fu'kkus jkg

70

vkSj xUnqe uqek tkS Qjks'k ¼xsgw¡ fn[kkds tkS cspus okys½ cqjs myek dks ij[kus dh eht+ku ugha gSA tc d+;knr vkSj jgcjh ¼yhMjf'ki½ ckt+kjhiu ij mrj vk;s vkSj viuh gjdkr ls feYyr dk ,rekn [kks cSBs rks fQj fQrjh jn~ns vey ;g gksrk gS fd xyh&xyh d+;knrsa cuus yxrh gSa vkSj og eulc tks d+kSe ds bT+t+r o osd+kj dh vyker gksrk gS 'kfeZUnxh dh otg cu tkrk gSA ;g vQ+lkslukd lwjrs gky flQZ gekjs ;gk¡ gh ugha cfYd gels ft+;knk nwljs edkfrcs fQØ esa ekStwn gSA ysfdu ;g ckr gekjs brfeuku ds fy;s dkQh ugha cfYd gesa rks igys ejgys esa [+kqn vius gkykr dh csgrjh dh rjQ d+ne c<+kuk gSA ,sls gkykr esa t+:jh ugha vkSj u gh okftc gS fd blh fyckl dks d+;knr ds fy;s ryk'k fd;k tk;s cfYd jkgs gy ;w¡ Hkh <w¡<h tk ldrh gS fd feYyr o et+gc ds lPps vkSj le>nkj vQ+jkn dks pkgs og ft+Unxh ds fdlh Hkh 'kkscs esa gksa exj vgfy;r j[krs gksa mu ij eq'rfey ,d fxjksg


fu'kkus jkg

71

vkxs c<+s muesa ,d 'kksck myek dk Hkh gks] ;g cgqr t+:jh gS D;ksafd ge ns[k jgs gSa fd yksxksa dh ,d cM+h rknkn vius vki dks fcydqy vyx fd;s gq, gS vkSj tc feYyr ds elk,y ls vykgsnxh bf[+r;kj djus okyksa dh vdlfj;r nkfu'ojksa dh gS rks gesa Hkh mudk ,rekn cgky djuk gksxk vkSj lkjh d+kSe dks d+kSeh èkkjs esa 'kkfey djuk gksxkA oSls Hkh d+;knr cuk;h ugha tkrh cfYd ;g [kqn mHkjdj lkeus vkrh gS tc ge lc feydj vkxs c<+saxs rks [kqnk gekjh enn djsxkA gekjh d+kSe vHkh ck¡> ugha gqbZ gS cfYd gesa gkykr dks lkt+xkj djus dh t+:jr gSA tSls gh ge ,d lgh Mxj ij py iM+saxs d+qnjrh rkSj ij d+;knr mHkjsxhA gesa D;k ekywe fd gekjs xyh dwpksa esa vkSj ek¡vksa dh xksnksa esa dSls&dSls yky o xkSgj iy jgs gSaA dqN oD+r cM+h fgEer vkSj lcz ds lkFk ,d dfBu vkSj eq'kfdy lQj r; djuk iMs+xkA vkf[k+jdkj ge vius ed+ln ds eksrh dks ik ysaxsA igys rkywr dk y'dj rjrhc nsus dh t+:jr


fu'kkus jkg

72

gS fQj bl y'dj esa dksbZ u dksbZ nkÃ&#x2026;n fudy gh vk;sxk tks tkywr dks >qdk nsxkA


fu'kkus jkg

73

ft+Eesnkfj;kยก ryck (Students) dh ft+Eesnkfj;kยก%& cnfd+Lerh ls vc rkfycsbYe nks fd+Leksa ij rd+lhe gks pqds gSa ,d nhuh rkfycsbYe vkSj ,d nqfu;koh rkfycsbYe] blfy, gesa fQygky nksuksa dks vyx&vyx ft+Eesnkfj;kยก nsuk iM+saxh ml oD+r rd tc rd ;g nksuksa fQj ls ,d ugha gks tkrsA eryc ;g gS fd lgh ekus esa rkyheh fut+ke ,slk gksuk pkfg, fd vyx&vyx nhuh enjls vkSj nqfu;koh rkyheh Ldwyksa ds ctk;s ,d gh nkfu'kdns esa lkjs mywe i<+k;s tk;sa fQj vkxs py dj ftldh tSlh lykfg;r gks mls mlh eSnku esa r[k+Llql (Specialization) djk;k tk;sA rkfd og ftl eSnku esa Hkh tk;s bZeku dh nkSyr ls ekykeky tk;sA

nhuh ryck dh ft+Eesnkfj;kยก%& dksbZ Hkh toku nhuh enjls esa nk[k+yk ysus ls


fu'kkus jkg

74

igys gt+kj ckj lksps fd og fdl oknh esa d+ne j[k jgk gS mls is'kkoj vkSj fjok;rh eksyoh cuuk gS ;k od+vh nhu dh ut+fj;krh ljgnksa dh fuxsgcku] [+kqn mldh et+hZ gS fd og vkfyes nhu cus ;k gkykr dk t+ksj mls nhuh enjls dh rjQ [khap yk;k gS elyu evk'kh etcwfj;k¡ ;k de vD+yh dh otg ls ek¡&cki mls t+cjnLrh enjls esa fcBkuk pkgrs gSa ;k cspkjk cki ft+;knk vkSyknsa gksus vkSj vkenuh de gksus dh otg ls bls enjls ds lj Fkksiuk pkgrk gSA cfYd ckt+ nQk vkSj ckt+ txg rks ;g Hkh ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd nhuh enjlk flQZ ,d gkLVy dh 'kDy bf[+r;kj dj tkrk gS nwljs bykd+ksa ls vkus okys gksf'k;kj yM+ds dkystksa esa nk[k+ys ysdj eq¶r fjgkb'k vkSj [kkus dh lgwyr bl enjls ls gkfly dj ysrs gSaA dkyst ls Qkfjx+ gksrs gh enjls ls Hkh Qkfjx+ gks tkrs gSa ;k ml oD+r rd #ds jgrs gSa tc rd dgha ukSdjh ugha fey tkrh ¼esjh ckr dk cqjk ekuus ls igys ckt+ ,sls enkfjl dk nkSjk djds esjh ckr dh rgd+hd+ o rLnhd+


fu'kkus jkg

75

t+:j dj ysa½A eq¶r [kkus vkSj jgus ds vykok mUgsa ekgkuk ot+hQs dh lwjr esa vkus tkus dk fdjk;k Hkh fey tkrk gS ;g rks gS [k+;kur vkSj ,slk Q+nZ flok; vius u¶l dks èkksdk nsus ds vkSj dqN Hkh gkfly ugha dj jgk gS ,sls vQ+jkn u nhu dh f[k+ner djus okys cu ldrs gSa vkSj u gh nhu dh ut+fj;krh ljgnksa dh fgQkt+r djus okysA ,d de vD+y QnZ dks ftls mlds ek¡&cki enjls ds lj Fkksi tkrs gSa vki blls D;k mEehn djrs gSa\ tks nqfu;koh rkyhe esa Qsy gks jgk gks] nhu ds elk,y dk D;k djsxk\ bldh cs'kqekj felkysa egYys&egYys vkSj xyh&xyh vkidks fc[kjh gqbZ ut+j vk tk;saxhA t+kfgj gS tks vki cks;saxs ogh dkVsaxsaA tks vki enjlksa ds gokys djsaxs ogh vkidks okil feysxkA ;g ckr flQZ bl t+ekus ls gh tqM+h gqbZ ugha gS cfYd gj t+ekus esa ,slk gh gksrk jgk gSA ^bd+cky* us gekjs enkfjl ugha cfYd vius gh eDrc ds


fu'kkus jkg

76

enkfjl vkSj muls cuus okys eksyfo;ksa ds ckjs esa viuh jk; dk bT+gkj bl rjg fd;k FkkA d+kSe D;k pht+ gS] d+kSeksa dh beker D;k gS bldks D;k le>sa] ;g cspkjs nks jdkr ds beke

blfy;s t+:jh gS fd bl dk¡Vksa Hkjh oknh esa d+ne j[kus ls igys gt+kj ckj fQØ djs] lksap ys fQj d+ne mBk;sA vius [kqnk ls vgn djs] vius vki ls vgn djs] enjls esa tkus ds ckn mldk ,d&,d yEgk [kqnk ds nhu ds fy;s oD+Q gksA mldh lk¡lsa nhu ds fy;s oD+Q gksaA mldh uhan] mldk tkxuk] mldh fQØsa lc et+gc o feYyr ds fy;s oD+Q gksaA ,d yEgs ds fy;s Hkh Qjkeks'k u djs fd og y'djs [+kqnk dk flikgh gS vkSj y'djs [+kqnk ds flikgh dks fdu flQkr dk gkfey gksuk pkfg;s\ xgjkbZ esa tkus ls cpus ds fy;s fQj bd+cky dh fQØ dk lgkjk ysrk gw¡ %& lcd+ i<+ lnkd+r dk] vnkyr dk] 'kqtkvr dk fy;k tk;sxk rq>ls dke] nqfu;k dh beker dk


fu'kkus jkg

77

^bd+cky* ij Hkh myek nq'euh dk bYt+ke blhfy;s yxk Fkk fd mlds lkeus tks myek Fks og vaxzst+ksa dk peps Fks vkSj ^bd+cky* vius myek dks vcwt+j ¼jft+0½ o lyeku ¼jft+0½ dh rjg ns[kuk pkgrk FkkA d+kSeksa dh beker o jgcjh dksbZ vklku elyk ugha gS fd ftlus vius ftLe ij nLrkj o d+ck ltk yh og jgcjh dk gd+nkj gks x;kA cfYd bldk rkYyqd+ mu flQkr ls gS tks bUlku vius vUnj iSnk dj ysrk gS cfYd bUlku Hkh bu lykfg;rksa dks iSnk ugha dj ldrk og rks flQZ vius vUnj d+kcfy;r iSnk djrk gS tc vius vUnj d+kcfy;r o fy;kd+r iSnk dj ysrk gS rks ijojfnxkj [+kqn gh ;g lykfg;r vkSj eUlc vius cUns dks vrk dj nsrk gSA vt+ht+ nhuh rkfycsbYeksa! gekjs enkfjl dk ekgksy vkSj esv~;kj nwljksa ls dgha csgrj gS exj ckt+ ejrck ;g Hkh ns[kk x;k gS fd ckt+ bfUrgkbZ ikd vkSj lPps nhu dh f[k+ner ds 'kkSd+ esa Mwcs gq,


fu'kkus jkg

78

toku nhuh enkfjl esa nk[k+yk ysrs gSa ysfdu ckt+ enkfjl ds ekgksy ls ek;wl gksdj ;k rks nhuh rkyhe gh NksM+ nsrs gSa ;k mlh ekgksy esa jax tkrs gSa vkSj mudk otwn gh t+gj Hkjk gks tkrk gSA ;d+huu tc vki enjls esa nkf[k+y gksrs gSa vkSj nlZ o rnjhl dh 'kq#vkr gksrh gS rks vkidks lcls igys mu vgknhl dks Hkh ;kn djk;k tkrk gS vkSj t+gsu esa fcBk;k tkrk gS ftlesa rkfycsbYe dh Qt+hyr vkSj mlds ed+ke dks c;ku fd;k x;k gS vkSj gd+hd+r Hkh ;g gS fd tc dksbZ ?kj ls bYe gkfly djus ds fy;s fudyrk gS rks Qfj'rs mlds d+neksa ds uhps vius ij fcNk nsrs gSa] ysfdu ;gh rkfycsbYe tc ed+ln ls gVdj flQZ nqfu;k gkfly djus esa Qal tkrs gSa rks fQj Qfj'rsa ugha cfYd 'kSrku muds fy;s viuh vkยก[ksa fcNk nsrk gS vkSj blh nhu ds eqcfYyx+ ls nhu dks cckZn djus dk dke ysrk gSA [kqnk gekjs nhuh rkfycsbYeksa dks 'kSrku ejnwn ls viuh iukg esa j[ksA rks vc nhuh enjls esa jgrs gq, gj oD+r


fu'kkus jkg

79

viuh pkSdhnkjh Hkh djuk gSA nwljs D;k dj jgs gSa blls dksbZ eryc ugha gksuk pkfg;sA gj nkSj esa ;gh dqN gksrk jgk gS lSdM+ksa cfYd gt+kjksa bUlku vkfye cuus tkrs gSa exj mu gt+kjksa esa lc ds lc [+kqeSuh] csgs'rh] eqrg~gjh] gqlSuh ugha cu tkrs cfYd gt+kjksa esa dksbZ ,d ,slk fudyrk gS tks lekt esa bafd+ykc cjik djus dh lykfg;r gkfly dj ysrk gSA ftl rjg ,d eksrh gkfly djus ds fy;s cjlksa x+ksrk[k+ksj cs'kqekj lhfi;k¡ fudkyrk gS mlh rjg gt+kjksa ryck esa dksbZ ,d beke dh fu;kcr dk gd+nkj curk gSA lekt ds lqèkkj ds fy;s t+:jh gS fd igys [+kqn lqèkkj ds ejdt+ vkSj ljp'es dk lqèkkj fd;k tk;sA bYe flQZ fdrkcsa i<+ ysus dk uke ugh gSA bYe rks ,d uwj gS] ,d jkS'uh gS] ,d jkLrk gS] le> dh esv~jkt gS] bYe rks nqfu;k dh xgjkbZ;ksa esa xqe gks tkus dk uke gSA enjlk] fdrkc] mLrkn ;g lc blh uk;kc eksrh dks gkfly djus ds jkLrs


fu'kkus jkg

80

gSaA tc eSa nhuh ejdt+ksa ds lqèkkj dh ckr dj jgk gw¡ rks esjh eqjkn mu enkfjl ls ugha gS tks ikd vkSj ck lQk myek dh fuxjkuh esa bZekuh vkSj :gkuh ekgksy esa py jgs gSa cfYd esjh eqjkn og bnkjs gSa tgk¡ bfUrt+keh lykfg;rksa ls eg:e vQjkn mu enjlksa vkSj bnkjksa ds ljijLr cus cSBs gSaA


fu'kkus jkg

81

nhuh enkfjl dh bLykg bu ck bZeku vkSj ft+Eesnkj vlkrst+k ls bfUrgkbZ ekt+jr ds lkFk tks n;kurnkjh vkSj nnZeUn fny ds lkFk eqLrd+fcy ds myek dh rS¸;kfj;ksa esa el:Q+] gSa ysfdu ;g ck bZeku vkSj ck lQk vlkrst+k Hkh esjh bl ckr dh rkbZn djsaxs fd ft+Unxh dh gj 'kkscs dh rjg bl eqd+n~nl 'kkscs esa Hkh izksQs'ufyt+e ¼dkjksckjh vUnkt+½ ?kql vk;k gSA ckt+ enkfjl dk ;g gky gS fd ;g dqN yksxksa dh nqdkusa gSa tgk¡ d+kSe o et+gc dh f[k+ner ls ft+;kng vius vkSj vius vkus okys cPpksa ds fy;s fBdkuk cukuk ed+ln gSA ;g fdrus vQ+lksl dh ckr gS efLtn vkSj enjls dks viuh ehjkl


fu'kkus jkg

82

le> fy;k tkrk gSA is'k beke pkgrk gS d esjh vkSykn d+kfcy gks ;k u gks efLtn dh beker esjs ikl ;k esjs cPpksa ds ikl gh jguh pkfg;sA gekjs ckt+ csgrjh nhuh ejdt+ flQ+Z blfy, xqeuke gks x;s gSa fd cqtq+xZ myek ds tkus ds ckn ogkยก uk vgy vQjkn d+kfct+ gks x;sA lcls igys enkfjl dks t+krh feyfd;r dh dS+n ls ckgj fudkyk tk;s] og dSls gksxk\ njvly lkjk >xM+k mu eQknkr dk gS tks enjls ds t+fj;s gkfly fd;s tkrs gSaA ge lc tkurs gSa fd [kqEl gekjs bnkjksa dh cd+k vkSj rjD+d+h ds fy;s jh<+ dh gM~Mh dk dke nsrk gSA ysfdu vxj [+kqnku[+okLrk blh [+kqEl dk x+yr bLrsv~eky gksus yxs rks u flQZ ;g fd bnkjs rckg gks tkrs gSa cfYd x+jhc vkSj Qd+hj Hkh csvkljk jg tkrs gSaA t+jk x+kSj dhft;s fd bl eqlhcr vkSj et+gc ls nwjh ds nkSj esa Hkh vjcksa ds fglkc ls [+kqEl fudkyk tkrk gSA [+kqEl ij pUn ekSyfo;ksa vkSj pUn ljek;knkjksa dk d+Ct+k gSA ekys beke


fu'kkus jkg

83

enkfjl dh vkSj btkt+g j[kus okys ekSyfo;ksa dh ut+j gks tkrk gS vkSj lknkr ds fgLls ds gd+nkj lknkr dh ,d Qhln rknkn dks eq'fdy ls mudk gd+ igqยกp ikrk gSA [+kqEl ysrs oD+r rks lkjh ft+Unxh dk fglkc vki ls ys fy;k tkrk gSA vkt rd gekjs eqYd esa fdlh us olwy fd;s tkus okys [+kqEl dk Hkh fglkc fn;k\ ;g rks gj 'k[+l dks dgrs lquk gS fd gekjs ikl Qykยก&Qykยก ejkts bt+ke dh rjQ ls [+kqEl ysus dh btkt+r gSA ysfdu ;g vkokt+ dgha ls ugha vkrh fd eqLrgd+ vQjkn [+kqEl ds fy;s ge ls #twv djsaA D;ksa\ D;k flQZ ,d vke eksfeu beke dk tokcnsg gS myek ugha\ ;d+huu myek dh tokcngh lcls ft+;kng gSA dkx+t+ dk ,d iqjt+k ftls btkt+s dk uke ns fn;k x;k gS ml ij Hkh ejtvs rd+yhn ;gh fy[krk gS fd cgqr gh ,gfr;kr ls ed+ln ls tqM+s gq, dkeksa esa [k+pZ djus ds ckn viuh evk'kh t+:jr dks Hkh lkgcs btkt+g iwjk dj ldrk gSA cl bl ,d vk[k+jh tqEys us eqlhcr


fu'kkus jkg

84

dj nhA vc ,d ekSyoh dh evk'kh t+:jr D;k gS bldh dksbZ gncUnh ugha gS ;k rks bldk dksbZ u dksbZ djksM+ksa #i;s dk izkstsDV gksrk gS vkSj fQj ml izkstsDV ds ckn mldh v;ky dh evk'kh t+:fj;kr] rks fQj vc t+kfgj gS fd x+jhc vkneh dgkยก tk;s] mldh t+:jr dkSu iwjh djs\ nwljh rjQ+ dqN myek vkSj ft+Eesnkj bf[+r;kj j[kus okys gt+jkr xjhcksa vkSj Qd+hjksa dh ljijLrh vkSj benkn djrs gSa rks lkjk cks> bYt+keksa vkSj rksgerksa ds lkFk mu ds gh lj vk iM+rk gSA vxj bl [+kqEl ds vkus vkSj tkus nksuksa dk fglkc gksus yxs rks ;d+huu d+kSe rst+h ls rjD+d+h ds jkLrs ij py iM+sxhA blfy, bl [+ k q E l dks ejdft+ ; r (Centralization) gkfly gksuk pkfg,] ysus dk Hkh vkSj nsus dk Hkh fglkc gksuk pkfg,A t+:jr ds eqrkfcd+ enjlksa dk d+;ke gksuk pkfg,A ;g ugha fd tgkยก fny pkgs] ftldk fny pkgs [+kqEl dh nqdku ltkdj vkSj [+kEq l dk eky lesVdj enjlk


fu'kkus jkg

85

[kksydj cSB tk;sA myek ds ot+k,Q mudh t+:fj;kr ds eqrkfcd+ gksa] rgd+hd+h ejkfdt+ dk d+;ke gks tgk¡ myek eq[r+ fyQ eSnkuksa vkSj ekStv w+ kr (Topics) ij rgd+hd+krh f[k+nekr vUtke ns ldsaA tnhn mywe [k+kl rkSj ij dEI;wVj lkbZal ds ejdt+ d+k;e djuk] esfMdy vkSj bathfu;fjax dkyst vkSj ;qfuoflZVht+ dks d+k;e djuk] vLirkyksa dk d+k;e djuk] csokvks]a ;rheksa vkSj uknkj bUlkuksa dh ljijLrh] d+kSe ds cPpksa dks ykt+eh rkSj ij rkyheh t+soj ls vkjkLrk djkuk] vlhjksa dh ns[k&Hkky] dkSu lk elyk ,slk gS tks ge [+kqEl ds t+fj;s gy ugha dj ldrs] exj bldk lgh bLrseky rks gksA eSa bl fQØ esa rugk ugha gw¡] cfYd ckt+ cqt+qxZ myek Hkh esjh bl fQØ dh rkbZn djrs gSaA ct+kfgj esjh ;g ckr ubZ vkSj vthc yxsxh exj eq>s ;d+hu gS fd vkus okys oD+r esa ;g lkjh d+kSe dh vkokt+ gksxhA ftl rjg [+kqEl fudyokus ds fy;s yksxksa dks rcyhx+ vkSj rjx+hc nh tkrh gS fcYdqy blh rjg [+kqEl olwy djus okyksa dks Hkh


fu'kkus jkg

86

ikcUn djuk iMs+xk fd og [+kqn gh lkykuk olwy fd;s x;s [+kqEl dk fglkc fy[ksaA ;gh [+kqEl dh x+Sj equflQkuk rd+lhe bnkjksa vkSj vQ+jkn esa jLlkd'kh dk ckfvl gh ugha cu jgh cfYd njckjh eqYykvksa dh iSnkokj esa eqlyly bt+kQs dk ckfvl Hkh cu jgh gSA D;ksafd ;gh eky o t+j myek dks ljek;k nkjksa ds nj dk x+qyke cuk nsrk gS] vkSj voke dks myek ds nj dkA ¼voke dks myek ds nj dk xq+yke t+:j gksuk pkfg;s exj bl vUnkt+ ls ugha tks eky gkfly djus ds fy;s viuk;k tkrk gS½A vxj ge pkgrs gSa fd gekjs nhuh enkfjl nhu ds lPps vkSj eq[k+fyl eqgkfQt+ksa dh ijofj'k djsa rks gesa enkfjl ds fut+ke esa Hkh dqN rcnhyh djuk gksxh] reke enkfjl esa ,d nlhZ fut+ke d+k;e djuk gksxkA enjls esa nk[k+yk ysus okys ryck dk ,d esv~;kj d+k;e djuk gksxk] bykd+kbZ t+:jr ds eqrkfcd+ enkfjl d+k;e djus gksaxsA bl enjls dk dksbZ ekfyd ugha cfYd eqUrft+es vkyk gks ftldh eqnn~ r eqdj+ jZ gksuh pkfg;sA ;g eqUrft+e


fu'kkus jkg

87

dk eUlc ojls esa ugha cfYd d+kcfy;r dh cqfu;kn ij feyuk pkfg;s vkSj bl d+kcfy;r dk QSlyk myek dk ,d cksMZ djsA reke 'kgjksa esa enkfjl ds d+;ke ds ckn fdlh ,d 'kgj esa ,d ^^bYeh 'kgj** ftls ;wfuoflZVh dfg;s ;k gkSt& + ,&byfe;k dfg;s nhuh rkfycsbYe dh vkyk rkyhe ;kuh bTrsgkn ds fy;s gksuk pkfg;sA t+:jh ugha gS fd lkjs rkfycsbYe nwljs eqYdksa essa i<+us ds fy;s tk;saA vkSj u gh vkt ds nkSj esa ;g eqefdu gS fd ;gk¡ ds lkjs rkfycsbYeksa dks nwljh txgksa ij nk[k+ys fey tk;saA ;g Hkh rks gks ldrk gS fd dqN vlsZ ds fy;s nwljs eqYdksa ls d+kfcy vlkrst+g dks cqyk;k tk;s vkf[+kj fuLQ ¼vkèkh½ lnh igys rd cjs Z lx+ h j ¼fgUnqLrku&ikfdLrku½ esa bTrsgkn gksrk Fkk ;k ughaA ysfdu tc gekjs enkfjl dh lksp gh egnwn gks mu esa [+kqn gh vkxs c<+us dk tT+ck u gks vkSj mLrkn bl ckr ls Mjrk gks fd 'kkfxZn dgha eq>ls vkxs u fudy tk;s rks fQj ,sls enkfjl ls mEehnsa


fu'kkus jkg

88

csdkj gSaA og lekt dks elk,y ds cks> ls rks D;k vt+kn djkrs gSa cfYd [+kqn lekt ij cks> cu tkrs gSaA


fu'kkus jkg

89

dkystksa ds ryck dh ft+Eesnkfj;k¡ vt+ht+ nksLrksa! vkidks gels f'kdk;rsa gSa] vki gels cnxqeku gSa] vkSj nwj ugha fd vki dh ,d cM+h rknkn ge ls ek;wl gks pqdh gksA [k+Sj] eSa bu lrjksa esa vkids lkeus viuh flUQ dh lQkbZ is'k ugha d:¡xk] ysfdu tks ckrsa is'k djus tk jgk gw¡ 'kk;n og vkids x+eksa dks dqN gYdk dj ldsaA ;kn jf[k;s! gt+jr vkne ¼v0½ ls ysdj vkt rd dskbZ nkSj] dksbZ t+ekuk] dksbZ ljt+ehu ,slh ugha fd tgk¡ ,d gh oD+r esa vPNs vkSj cqjs yksx u gksaA ;g nksuksa dq+Oors ges'kk en~ns eqd+kfcy vkSj vkeus&lkeus jgh gSaA cqjs yksx flQZ cqjs yksx gksrs gSa mudh dksbZ fd+Le ugha gksrhA cfYd og mu gh cqjkbZ;ksa vkSj dfe;ksa dks Nqikus ds fy;s eq[k+rfyQ


fu'kkus jkg

90

Hksl cnyrs jgrs gSaA felky ds rkSj ij vkids lkeus ,d okds+vk ud+y djuk pkgrk gw¡ tks eSaus dq+e ds d+;ke ds nkSjku vius fdlh mLrkn ls lquk Fkk fd vk;rqYykg cq#tnhZ dh ejftb¸;r ds nkSj esa fdlh nhuh enjls esa ryck ds dejksa esa pksfj;k¡ 'kq# gks x;haA ryck f'kdk;r ysdj vk;rqYykg cq#tnhZ ds ikl igq¡ps vkSj vt+Z fd;k fd dqN rkfycsbYeksa us pksjh 'kq# dj nh gSA QkSju gh vkd+k, cq#tnhZ us Vksdk fd [k+cjnkj fQj fdlh rkfycsbYe dks pksj er dgukA dSls gks ldrk gS fd dksbZ nhuh rkfycsbYe pksjh tSlk xqukg vUtke ns cfYd ;w¡ dgks fd dksbZ pksj rkfycsbYe ds Hksl esa vk;k gSA rks vt+ht+ tokuksa! eSa igys gh dg pqdk gw¡ fd eSa vkids lkeus lQkbZ is'k djuk ugha pkgrk] cfYd flQZ bruk gh vt+Z djuk pkgrk gw¡ fd cqjs dks t+:j cqjk dgsa exj lkjh myek dh flUQ dks cqjk er dfg;sA fcydqy bl rjg tSls vkids Dykl esa i<+us okys reke LVwMsUVl u rks ,d lykfg;r ds ekfyd gksrs gSa] u gh ,d tSls uEcj


fu'kkus jkg

91

gkfly djrs gSa vkSj u gh lcds lc ikl gks tkrs gSaA cl ;g ge vkSj vki gh esa ls rks yksx gSa tks blh bUlkuh fQrjr ds lkFk enkfjl esa tkrs gSaA dqN cny tkrs gSa] dqN oSls ds oSls] flQZ myek ds fyckl cnu ij p<+k dj okil vk tkrs gSaA D;k iSx+Ecj vdje ¼l0½ ds eqckjd rjhu nkSj esa reke vLgkc ;dlk¡ #rcs okys Fks\ D;k taxs vksgn vkSj taxs gquSu esa jlwy vdje ¼l0½ dks NksM+dj Qjkj bf[+r;kj djus okys lgkch u Fks\ D;k vkbEe&,&rkfgjhu ds 'kkfxnksZa esa mu gh ds f[k+ykQ cx+kor djus okys u Fks\ D;k beke tkQj lkfnd+ ¼v0½ ds enjls ls eqckjd vkSj eqd+n~nl enjlk dksbZ gks ldrk Fkk\ exj D;k ml enjls ds reke 'kkfxZn beke ds esv~;kj ij iwjs mrj lds\ ;d+huu ,slk ugha gqvk cfYd gj nkSj esa vfEc;k vkSj vbEek dh rkyhekr Hkh reke yksxksa esa rcnhyh u yk ldh rks fQj ge vkt ds nkSj esa ;g mEehn dSls dj ysa fd reke myek nhu dh ft+Eesnkfj;ksa dks muds gd+ ds lkFk iwjk dj ldsaxsA


fu'kkus jkg

92

ysfdu ,slk Hkh fdlh nkSj esa ugha gqvk fd t+ e kuk fcydq y myek&,&jCckuh vkS j myek&,&ckvey ls [k+kyh gks tk;sA gj nkSj esa Qk;nk <w¡<us okyh vkSj nhu dks cspus okyh eqYykb;r ds eqdk+ cys esa eqtkfgn myek dk eq[r+ lj gh lgh exj ,d fxjksg ekStwn jgk tks gd+ ryk'k djus okyksa ds fy;s tq+Ye o tg~y dh rirh èkwi esa lk;knkj isM+ cuk jgkA vxj myek&,&gd+ dh dqckZfu;k¡ u gksrha rks vc rd r'kS¸;qv ¼'khvk èkeZ½ ne rksM+ pqdk gksrkA cl] ihNs eqMd + j gesa rkjh[k+ ls lcd+ t+:j ysuk gSA exj d+ne vkxs gh c<+kuk gSA vki ;g xqeku Hkh er dhft;s fd vki nhuh rkfycsbYe ugha gSAa vki fdlh Hkh Ldwy] dkyst ;k ;wfuoflZVh esa D;ksa u gksa vxj vkids fny esa et+gc o feYyr dk nnZ ekStnw gS] nhu dh f[k+ner dk tT+ck j[krs gS]a tn~nks tsgn djus dk gkSlyk j[krs gS]a rkx+rw dh uQ+jr fny esa j[krs gS]a et+yew ksa ds x+e dks eglwl dj jgs gSa rks vki nhu gh ds rkfycsbYe gSAa vki if<+;s vkSj [+kwc if<+;sA vki dh vius


fu'kkus jkg

93

'kkscksa (Fields) esa egkjr vkSj rjD+d+h vLy esa et+gc o feYyr gh dh rjD+d+h gSA fl;klh vkSj et+gch HksfM+;ksa ds eQknkr dh HksaV p<+us ls vius vkidks cpkb;sA ukvgy yksxksa dks cqyUnh rd igqยกpkus okyh lhf<+;kยก er cfu;sA vki ij cgqr gh Hkkjh ft+Eesnkjh gSA nq#Lr gS fd tokuksa ds tT+ckr] ,glklkr vkSj QkSjh jn~ns vey dh [+okfg'k nwljs reke rcd+kr ls ft+;knk gksrk gSA og gkykr dks le>rs gSa rks QkSjh rkSj ij gy djuk Hkh pkgrs gSaA vkSj ckt+ nQk cfYd vDlj ,slk gksrk gS fd tokuksa ds bu gh tT+ckr vkSj ,glklkr ls [ksydj Qk;nk <wยก<us okyh dq+Oorsa] pkgs og fl;klh fyckl vks<+s gq, gks pkgs et+gch] mUgsa bLrseky dj tkrh gSa vkSj ckn esa ;gh toku tc mu d+;knrksa ls cnt+u gks tkrs gSa rks eq[k+kfyQ+r esa gnksa ls Hkh vkxs fudy tkrs gSaA vki tokuksa dks Hkh viuh x+yfr;ksa ij ut+j Mkyuh gksxh] viuk fglkc yxkuk gksxkA dkyst vkSj ;wfuoflZfV;ksa esa tkjh fl;klh vey tokuksa


fu'kkus jkg

94

dks cgqr dqN fl[kk nsrk gSA tks dqN nhuh enkfjl ds ckjs esa] eSaus bt+gkj fd;k gS] ogh dkystksa vkSj ;wfuoflZfV;ksa eas tnhn vUnkt+ esa gksrk gSA gekjs vDlj toku bl ,glkls cjrjh (Superiority Complex) dk f'kdkj gks tkrs gSa fd D;ksafd og tnhn rkyhe gkfly dj jgs gSa] blfy, mudh le> vkSj gkykr dks le>us vkSj d+kSe dks pykus dh lykfg;r nwljksa ls ft+;knk gSA ;gh og [k+rjukd fQØ gS fd feYyr ds gkykr fcxkM+us esa ckt+ bLyke dks u le>us okys ekSyfo;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk bl fQØ dk Hkh cgqr cM+k fgLlk gSA xqt+'rk dqN lkyksa esa ;g ckr Hkh ns[kus esa vk;h gS fd bfUrgkbZ eUlwck cUnh ds lkFk tokuksa ds ts+g~u esa ;g ckr Mkyus dh dksf'k'k dh x;h fd lkjs ekSyoh csdkj gSa] ;g elk,y dks u rks le>rs gSa vkSj u gy djus ds d+kfcy gSaA bl rjg :gkfu;r ij ,d xgjh pksV yxk;h x;h vkSj myek vkSj tokuksa vkSj nkfu'ojksa esa ,d nhokj gk;y gks x;hA ;g dksbZ vPNh ckr ugha gqbZA gesa ;g fnekx+ esa fcBk ysuk pkfg;s fd gj


fu'kkus jkg

95

vkfye [+kqeSuh vkSj csfg'rh ugha gks ldrkA gkSt,+ byfe;k cjlksa rd gt+kjksa myek dh ijofj'k djrk jgk tc tk ds ,d [+kqeSuh otwn esa vk;kA tcfd gekjh ljt+ehu rks ekt+h cvhn esa Hkh r'k¸;qv esa dksbZ bafd+ykch rgjhd otwn ugha j[krh FkhA gesa rks flQ+j ls pyuk iM+ jgk gSA gesa vkt cht cksuk gS rkfd dy vkus okys Qly dkV ldsa ge cht cks, cx+Sj dSls Qyksa ls yns gq, nj[+r dh mEehn djrs gSa\ t+:jr bl ckr dh gS fd gkykr dh [k+jkch dh ft+Eesnkjh ,d nwljs ij Mkyus ds ctk; Hkjiwj rjhd+s ls bYeh ftgkn dk vkx+kt+ dj fn;k tk;sA vki ds gkFk esa d+ye lcls cM+k gfFk;kj gSA vki ftl 'kkscs esa Hkh rkyhe gkfly djsa mlesa iwjh egkjr gkfly djsa vkSj lkFk gh lkFk ;g vg~n Hkh djsa fd vkidh lkjh lykfg;rsa et+gc o feYyr dh Qykg ds fy;s oD+Q gksaxhA [kqn rkyhe gkfly dhft;s vkSj nwljksa dks rkyhe nhft;sA blds lkFk gh lkFk nhuh enkfjl ds ryck ls vkidk eqLrfd+y jkcrk jguk t+:jh gS rkfd eqLrd+fcy ds myek


fu'kkus jkg

96

ls vkidh ge vkgaxh d+k;e jg lds vkSj vki nhuh ryck ds fy;s vkSj nhuh ryck vki ds fy;s :gkuh ,rckj ls rd+fo;r dk lcc gksaA ;g rkYyqd+kr vkSj ge vkgaxh vki nksuksa dh :gkuh rjfc;r ds fy;s t+:jh gSaA bl rjg vki reke ekeyksa esa pkSdUus jgsaxs vkSj gj pht+ dks gd+hd+r ilUnh dh ut+j ls ns[ksx a As lkezkth rkd+rksa us vkids f[k+ykQ vpkud lkft+'k ugha dh gS] cfYd vkt dh vkyes bLyke dh lwjrs gky dbZ lfn;ksa ls tkjh lezkth lkft+'kksa dk urhtk gSA vkidks Hkh eulwck cUnh djuk gksxh] x+kSj o fQร˜ ds oD+r dks c<+kuk gksxkA lkezkth us vkidh det+kfs j;ksa ls Qk;nk mBk;k gS vkidks vius nq'eu dh det+ksfj;kยก ryk'k djuk gksaxh] tks ;d+huu vkils ft+;kng det+ksj;ksa dk gkfey gSA ,[k+ykd+h Qlkn dk eSnku gks ;k rckgh o cckZnh dh nkLrkusa ;g lc vkids nq'eu dh det+ksfj;kยก gSaA vc gesa nqfu;k ds lkeus bUgsa dSls is'k djuk gS ;g gekjh dke dh le>nkjh ij equgflj gSA


fu'kkus jkg

97

vkt dk ex+fjch lekt :gkuh bd+nkj ¼ewY;ks½a ls [k+kyh gSA vkt [+kqn bZlkbZ;r et+gc ds ,rckj ls viuh cckZnh ij jks jgh gSA vHkh gky esa gh ¼tqykbZ&2004 bZ0½ geftUl ijLrksa (Homosexuals) us vius gd+wd+ dh fgek;r esa teZuh esa ,grstkth eqtk+ gjs fd;s] ftl ij ikik, jkse (Pope) Hkh fpYyk mBs vkSj bls bfUrgkbZ x+Sj bUlkuh Qsvy vkSj et+gcs bZlkbZ;r dh rkSghu d+jkj fn;kA bl rjg [+kqn vejhdk esa uktk,t+ cPpksa dh rknkn bruh c<+ pqdh gS fd ogk¡ dbZ bnkjksa esa oyfn;r dk [k+kuk gh gVk fn;k x;k gS] cfYd ek¡ dk uke fy[kk tkrk gSA [k+kunkuh bd+nkj dk vkye ;g gS fd cPps ek¡&cki dks 'kknh dh [k+cj [k+r ls nsrs gSaA nwljs fj'rksa dk rks ft+Ø gh D;k\ [+kqn ek¡&cki dks cw<+k gksus ij ^^vksYM gkml** esa tek djk fn;k tkrk gS ;k og vkSykn dh ykijokfg;ksa ls rax vkdj [+kqn gh ogk¡ nk[k+yk ys ysrs gSaA vt+ht+ tokuksa! ;g flQZ b'kkjs gSa tks flQZ blfy, dj jgk gw¡ fd vki Hkh pkgsa rks rgd+hd+ ds


fu'kkus jkg

98

njokt+s [kksysa vkSj pkyksa dh tks t+cjnLr tax (Colonial Power) bLrsv~ekj us gekjs f[k+ykQ 'kq# dh gqbZ gS] mldk eq¡grksM+ tokc nsaA vc rd ;g gksrk jgk gS fd ge viuh lykfg;rsa vkil gh ds b[+rsykQ+kr esa [k+pZ djrs jgs gSa vkSj blesa lc 'kjhd gSaA vc chl lkyksa ds rtqcsZ ds ckn gesa bruk lh[k ysuk pkfg;s fd dkyh HksM+ksa ls viuh roTtqg gkVkdj mu HksM+ksa dks gadkus okys dh rjQ è;ku j[kuk pkfg;s tSlk fd yscuku ds rtqcsZ us fl[kk;kA ogk¡ cjlksa rd vkil dh ?kjsyw taxksa us flok; rckgh vkSj cckZnh ds dqN u fn;k] exj tc [kqnkbZ y'dj us viuk lkjk è;ku vlyh vkSj eDdkj nq'eu dh rjQ dh] rks dkfe;kch us muds d+ne pwes vkSj lkezkt dks lj ij iSj j[kdj Hkkxuk iM+kA vki bl bfUrt+kj esa u jgsa fd dksbZ ckgj ls vkdj vkidks bl nyny] rwQku ;k ea>èkkj ls fudkysxkA beke [+kqeSuh us lkjh nqfu;k ds et+yweksa dks ;g iSx+ke fn;k Fkk fd ^^vki ;g bfUrt+kj u djsa fd dksbZ vki ds fy;s bafd+ykc djsxk] cfYd


fu'kkus jkg

99

gj d+kSe dks [k+qn vius fy;s tn~nkstgn djuk iMs+xhA** nksLrksa! bafd+ykc dh fgek;r vkSj pht+ gS vkSj nwljksa ds lgkjs ij cSB tkuk vkSj pht+] jkgs beke [+kqeSuh ij pyuk vkSj pht+ gS vkSj fdlh dk gfFk;kj cu tkuk vkSj pht+A gesa vc gkykr vkSj okds+vkr dh jks'kuh esa viuh jkg r; djuh gksxh] bafd+ykc ds fdjnkj vkSj vQ+jkn ds fdjnkj esa reht+ djuh gksxhA tq+x+jkfQ;kbZ (Geographical) ljgnsa cnyrs gh is'k gksus okys gkykr cny tkrs gSa] bLyke ds dqfYy;kr ¼fl)kUr½ rcnhy ugha gksrs] exj gj txg ds ld+kQrh rd+kt+ksa ls fey tkuk Hkh et+gch t+:fj;kr gh esa ls gSA igyh lnh esa tgk¡ Hkh bLyke dk iSx+ke igq¡pk] mlus ogk¡ dh mu bykd+kbZ vkSj ld+kQrh jleks fjokt ls dksbZ ljksdkj u j[kk tks bLyke ds dqYyh d+okuhu ls ugha Vdjkrh FkhaA blhfy;s vkt nqfu;k Hkj ds eqlyeku vxjps fd nhu ds ,rsckj ls ,d fj'rs esa tqM+s gSa ysfdu gj txg ds jgu&lgu ds vknkc vkSj dqN [k+kl jleks fjokt


fu'kkus jkg

100

ds ikcUn gSa] ftUgsa bLyke us [k+Re ugha fd;k] gk¡ ;g t+:j gS fd tks #lwe bLyke ds f[k+ykQ Fkha mUgsa QkSju [k+Re dj fn;k x;k] ;k muesa lqèkkj ds jkLrs ryk'k dj fy;s x;sA eq>s mEehn gS fd esjh ;g eq[+rlj lh ckrsa vki vt+ht+ tokuksa ds fy;s fQØ ds u;s jkLrs [kksysaxh vkSj vki u;s bjkns vkSj gkSlys ds lkFk nq'eu ls eqd+kcys dh rS¸;kjh dh 'kq#vkr djsaxsA


fu'kkus jkg

101

vt+knkjkus bekes gqlSu vySfgLlyke! vki gh og gqlSuh y'dj gSa tks 'khvh;r dks vYykg ds buke ds :i esa feyk gSA ;w¡ rks lkjh feYyrs tkQfj;k gh bl muoku dh feLnkd+ gS exj bl t+ekus esa vt+knkjh viuh c<+rh gqbZ efUt+ysa r; djrh gqbZ ml txg igq¡p pqdh gS fd vc iwjh rjg blesa 'kkscs cu pqds gSaA vksyek] [k+rhc] t+kdsjhu] eflZ;k i<+us okys] efTylksa ds ckuh] ekreh vUtqeusa] LdkmV ds nLrs vkSj blds vykok Hkh cgqr ls fgLlsA gesa iwjk ;d+hu gS fd ge gh og vt+knkjkus gqlSuh gSa tks gqlSu ¼v0½ dh ek¡ dh nqvk dk gkfly gSaA blfy, gesa tc rd thuk gS] gqlSu ¼v0½ ds x+e ds lkFk thuk gSA


fu'kkus jkg

102

ysfdu ;gkยก ,d loky iSnk gksrk gS fd flQZ efTyls vt+k dj ysus ls ge lcdh ft+Eesnkjh iwjh gks tkrh gS\ bl vt+knkjh dks ys yhft;s] dqN txgksa ij cfYd gj txg >xM+k bl ckr ij gS fd ,d [k+kl tekr pkgrh gS fd vt+knkjh #d tk,A bl elvys ij ckr vkxs c<+rh gS] >xM+s dh ukScr vk tkrh gSA fdrus gh vt+knkj tkes 'kgknr ih pqds gSa] fdrus gh vt+knkjh ds fy, t+athjksa esa tdM+s tk pqds gSaA D;k mu 'kghnksa ds okfjlksa dh ft+Eesnkjh vkSj d+Sfn;ksa ds elk,y gy djuk gekjh ft+Eesnkjh ugh gS\ D;k ml [kkl] rS;kj 'kSrkuh tekvr ds f[k+ykQ d+kSe dks rS;kj djuk gekjh ft+Eesnkjh ugh gS\ ysfdu vthc ckr ;g gS fd gekjh gh lQksa esa ;g vkokt+sa mBus yxrh gS fd ;g fl;klr gS vkSj gekjk fl;klr ls dksbZ rvYyqd+ ugh gSA vxj ;g fl;klr gS vkSj gekjk fl;klr ls dksbZ rvYyqd+ ugh gS rks ;g elk,y dkSu gy djsxk\ dSls gy djsxk\ ;g elk,y vkidks vkSj ge lcdks fey dj gh gy djus gSaA


fu'kkus jkg

103

crkb;s] D;k ;g vt+knkjh [kqn ,d ,grstkt ugh gSA D;k ;g tqywls vt+k ,grstkth tqywl ugh gSA ge rks iSnk gh tq+Ye ds f[k+ykQ ,grstkt djus ds fy, gq, gSa] ysfdu ,d cuk;s gq, rjhd+s ls vt+knkjh dks flQZ ,d jLeh dkjok;h rd ?ksjs j[kus dh lkft+'k ij vey gks jgk gS vkSj bl bcknr dks jLeh dkjok;h esa cnyk tk jgk gSA vt+knkj tks iSnkbZ'kh rkSj ij ,d bfUd+ykch gksrk gS] /khjs&/khjs mls 'kDdh cuk;k tk jgk gSA vt+k [k+kus tks bfUd+ykc dk ejdt+ gSa dqN yksxksa dh tkxhjsa curs tk jgs gSaA viuh&viuh txgksa ij HkhM+ tek djus ds fy, rjg&rjg dh pkysa pyh tk jgh gSa vkSj ckvey vkfyeksa] ft+Eesnkj [k+rhcksa vkSj ft+Ã&#x2DC; djus okyksa ds ctk; ,sls yksxksa dks nkor nh tkrh gS tks u flQZ ;g fd bYeh rkSj ij det+ksj gksrs gSa cfYd viuh det+ksfj;ksa ij inkZ Mkyus ds fy, vt+knkjksa vkSj vt+knkjh ds lkFk [ksy [skyrs gSaA vQlksl okyh ckr ;g gS fd vxj dksbZ ,sls /kksdk nsus okys yksxksa ds /kksds dks lkeus ykuk


fu'kkus jkg

104

pkgrk gS rks QkSju mls 'khvh;r ls fudkyus vkSj vt+knkjh ds nq'eu gksus dk lkfVZfQdsV ns fn;k tkrk gSA gekjh feYyr dks brus rtqcksZa ls xqt+jus ds ckn bruk lknk ugh gksuk pkfg, fd gj Qk;nk mBkus okyk] vgyscSr ls eqgCcr dh vkM+ esa mls vius ed+kfln iwjs djus ds fy, csodw+Q+ cuk nsA ;g ,d ,slh ckr gS ftl ij eq>s cM+h ,gfr;kr ls d+ye mBkuk iM+ jgk gS] D;ksafd eSa tkurk gw¡ dqN yksx bl rgjhj dks flQZ blfy, i<+saxs fd blesa dksbZ ,d vk/kk ,slk tqeyk mUgsa fey tk, ftls og ys mM+sa vkSj yksxksa ds chp mls QSyk dj eq>s vt+knkjh dk eq[k+kfyQ+ vkSj u tkus D;k&D;k e'kgwj djk nsaA ,s vt+knkjkus gqlSu ¼v0½! vki ,sls nhu vkSj bZeku cspus okyksa ls gj oD+r gksf'k;kj jgsa tks vkids lkeus cMs+ vt+knkj vkSj vgyscSr ¼v0½ ds cM+s pkgus okyksa dk :i /kkjdj vkrs gSa vkSj nhu o feYyr dh ihB esa Nqjk ?kksairs gSaA mudh gjdrsa dq+jS'k ds dkfQjksa ds mu ljnkjksa ls feyrh tqyrh gSa tks [kqnk ds ?kj esa cSBdj yksxksa dks [kqnk ls


fu'kkus jkg

105

xqejkg djrs FksA mudh ,d fu'kkuh ;g gS fd ;g gj oD+r >xM+k QSykus ij mrk# jgrs gSaA b[+rsykQkr dks gok nsuk] x+yr Qgfe;k¡ iSnk djuk] yksxksa dks 'kd esa Mkyuk] 'kd okyh pht+ksa dks [kqyh pht+ksa ls jn~n djuk] vYykg ds gqDeksa dk et+kd+ mM+kuk] csveyh dk 'kkSd+ fnykuk] okftckr ds f[k+ykQ csgnw k cdokl djuk] vksyek dks rud+hn dk fu'kkuk cukuk] bZjkuh ,ts.V dk ysfcy yxkuk] nhu ds QSykus okyksa dks t+yhy djuk] nhu dh ekuh gqbZ ckrksa dk bUdkj djuk ;g lc muds ilUnhnk dke gSaA ;g ckr&ckr esa dqj+ 'S k ds dkfQjksa dk ;g tqeyk nksgjkrs gSa fd ge rks igyh ckj ns[k jgs gSa ;k igyh ckj lqu jgs gSa] gekjs cki&nknk us rks ;g ugha fd;k FkkA vt+ht+k!s ;g nhu dk elyk gS] gesa d+ne&d+ne ij eqgEen ¼l0½ vkSj vkys eqgEen ¼v0½ dh 'kjh;r dh iklnkjh djuk gSA vkSj gekjk ed+ln gj bcknr ls [kqnk vkSj vgyscSr ¼v0½ dh [kq'kh gksuk pkfg, u fd yksxksa dhA


fu'kkus jkg

106

,s vkf'kd+kus gqlSu ¼v0½! t+jk B.Ms fny ls x+kSj dhft;s fd nhu fdlh ds cki&nknk dh lqUur dk uke gS ;k [kqnk ds jlwy ¼l0½ vkSj ikd bekeksa dh rkyhekr dk uke gS\ nhu dks [kqnk] jlwy ¼l0½ vkSj eklwe bekeksa dh rkyhekr ds lk;s esa ij[kk tk,xk] u fdlh ds cki&nknk ds vey dh jkS'kuh esa] vkSj fQj cki&nknk ij Hkh rks >wBk bYt+ke gSA D;k gekjs vkSj vkids cki&nknk ;gh dke vUtke fn;k djrs FksA vki vkt gh ds nkSj dks ns[k yhft;s fd fdruh pht+sa vHkh dqN lkyksa dh iSnkokj gSa ftudk gekjs cki&nknk ds vey ls dksbZ rvYyqd+ ugh gSA eSa NksVh&NksVh ckrksa esa iM+uk ugh pkgrk] vki [kqn vt+k ds fnuksa esa ns[krs gSa fd vt+knkjh dks vius t+krh vkSj tekvrh ed+lnksa ds fy, fdl csnnhZ ls bLrseky fd;k tkrk gSA D;k feacj ls ysdj ekreh nLrksa rd eqd+kcys ckt+h ugh gS\ vkSj bl eqd+kcys ckt+h esa ge gn ls fdruk vkxs fudy tkrs gSa( vki t+jk lk /;ku nsaxs rks esjh ckr dh lPpkbZ lkfcr gks tk;sxhA


fu'kkus jkg

107

esjh ckrksa dk cqjk er ekfu;sA eSa vki gh dk ,d lkFkh gw¡ vkSj tks dqN dg jgk gw¡] og ,d nnZ okys fny dh iqdkj gSA ;g rgjhj fdlh 'k[+l ;k tekvr dh fgek;r ;k eq[k+kfyQ+r ;k fny nq[kkus ds fy, ugh fy[k jgk gw¡] cfYd [kqn viuk fglkc ysus ds fy, vkSj vkidk è;ku vius&vius fglkc ysus dh rjQ fnykus ds fy, fy[k jgk gw¡A viuh vkus okyh uLyksa ds bl loky ds tokc esa fy[k jgk gw¡ tks dy loky djsaxs fd tc nhu esa cnyko dk ckt+kj xeZ gks jgk Fkk rks lc [kkeks'k D;ksa Fks\ blfy, eSa gd+ ckr dg dj eq¡g vkSj dkuksa ij [kkeks'kh ltk, j[kus ds bYt+ke dks gVk jgk gw¡A ;gk¡ yksxksa dk uke fy, fcuk ,d okfd+vk nqgjkuk t+:jh le>rk gw¡ fd dqN fnuksa igys dh ckr gS fd ,d txg vksyek vkSj ekreh vUtqeuksa ds dqN uqekbUns bdVBk gq,A ogk¡ ,d e'kgwj vgys feacj us ekreh vUtqeuksa ij rUd+hn djuk 'kq# dj nh vkSj t+ksj bl ckr ij Fkk fd bl t+ekus esa ekreh vUtqeusa cqjs jkLrksa dh f'kdkj gSaA


fu'kkus jkg

108

bl ij ogk¡ ekStwn ekreh vUtqeuksa ds uqekbUns us ,d Bksl tokc fn;k fd tukc] gekjk dke gS Q'ksZ vt+k fcNkuk] ge vt+knkjh ds fy, [k+pZ djrs gSa vkSj i<+us okys ds eq¡g ek¡xs nke nsrs gSa] vc vki dk dke gS fd vki feacj ls D;k nsrs gSa\ gd+hd+r esa lcls cM+h ft+Eesnkjh feacj okyksa dh gS fd og feacj ls [k+kl rkSj ij tokuksa ds lqèkkj dk dke vUtke nsAa D;k otg gS fd etfyl ds chp tokuksa dk ,d cM+k fgLlk bekeckjxkg ls ckgj gksrk gS vkSj flQZ elk,sc ds ckn etfyl esa vkrk gS\ otg ;gh gS fd mUgsa etfyl esa dksbZ ubZ ckr ekywe gksus dh mEehn ugh gS] ;k dksbZ fnypLih ugh gS vkSj dHkh gkyr blds fcydqy myVh gksrh gSA dqN etfylksa esa ckr rks dksbZ ubZ ugh gS] exj i<+us okys dk vUnkt+ ,slk gS fd og vius Qu (Art) dks fn[kkdj gt+kjksa dh HkhM+ dks mBkrk vkSj cSBkrk jgrk gSA cgqr gh ekQh pkgw¡xk vxj esjk tqeyk cqjk yxk gks] ysfdu eSa ,sls dbZ yksxksa dks tkurk gw¡ tks flQZ blfy, et+gc dks cny dj c;ku dj jgs gSa fd blesa esgur de


fu'kkus jkg

109

vkSj vkenuh ft+;knk gS vkSj ;g rcljs Hkh [kqyv s ke djrs gSa fd bl d+kSe dks csod+wQ cukuk lcls ft+;knk vklku gSA bu yksxksa us dksbZ Bksl dke djus ds ctk; vke eksfeuksa dks equkt+js (Debate) esa my>k fn;k gS vkSj feacj dks uQjrsa QSykus dk t+fj;k ¼ekè;e½ cuk fn;k gSA vkt og feacj tks vgyscSr ds ed+ln dks QSykus dk lcls cM+k jkLrk gS blh ls 'khv;r dh cqfu;knsa fgykus dh dksf'k'k dh tk jgh gSA ml lkezkth lkft+'k ij vey fd;k tk jgk gS fd buds feacj okyksa dks [kjhn yks] vksyek vkSj feYyr ds chp njkjsa Mky nks] xqeuke vkSj tkfgy fy[kus okyksa ls cqfu;knh vd+hnksa ds f[kykQ fy[kokvks] 'khv;r dh rkd+r ds lcls cM+s ljp'es ejtsb;r ij xgjh pksV ekjksa vkSj 'khv;r dks rckg dj nks vkSj vxj ;g iwjh rjg rckg u Hkh gks lds rks bls flQZ jLeks fjokt rd gh ?ksj nksA lfn;ksa ls lkezkt vkSj lkezkth xqek'ksrs ¼dke djus okys½ ejtsb;r dh rkd+r ds vkxs cscl jgs gSaA vk;rqYykg 'khjkt+h dh rEckdw gjke gksus ls


fu'kkus jkg

110

ysdj bLykeh bfUd+ykc ds cjik gksus rd nqfu;k xokg gS fd 'khvk fdruk gh csvey D;ksa u gks ysfdu tc Hkh ejtsb;r] bLyke vkSj 'khv;r ds cpkus ds fy, eSnku esa vkbZ] iwjh feYyr tqxj+ kfQ;kbZ ljgnksa dk fygkt+ fd, fcuk ejktsv bt+ke dh fgek;r esa vk xbZ vkSj gj ÝUV ij lkezkth bjknksa dks ukdke cuk fn;kA vki vt+knkjkus gqlSu ¼v0½! dcZyk dh ^^gy feu uklsfju ;Ulqjuk** dh vkokt+ dk tokc gSaA vki vkt ds t+ekus esa vt+knkjh fd t+fj, ls gqlSu ¼v0½ dh enn esa yxs gSaA ,d gd+hd+h gqlSu ¼v0½ ds ,d lPps enn djus okys dks ;t+hnh lkft+'kksa ij ut+j j[kuh pkfg,A nq'eu tkurk gS fd og lkeus vkdj vkidks gjk ugh ldrk] blh fy, mlus equkfQ+d+r (Hypocrisy) dk pksyk vks<+ fy;k gS vkSj nhu o bZeku cspus okys yksxksa ds jkLrs ls ejtsb;r ds ed+ke dks pksV igq¡pk jgk gSA vki [kqn lksfp;s fd x+Scrs dqcjk ds t+ekus esa vxj ge bl ,d ognr ds ejdt+ ls Hkh gkFk èkks cSBs rks fQj gekjk D;k gksxk\ x+Scr ds t+ekus esa


fu'kkus jkg

111

dkSu gedks jkLrk fn[kk;sxk\ cs'kd gekjk beke ¼v0½ gekjk gd+hd+h ft+Eesnkj vkSj jkLrk fn[kkus okyk gS ysfdu ge yksx olhys ds d+k;y gSa] D;k fdlh Hkh t+ekus esa ,slk gqvk ;k gks ldrk gS fd beke ¼v0½ ,d&,d 'k[+l dks jkLrk fn[kk,¡\ ;d+huu cM+s ejktsv og olhyk gSa ftuds t+fj, ls bekeksa ds vgdke rd ge igq¡p ldrs gSaA bLrsekjh rkd+rsa djksM+ksa Mkyj [k+pZ dj jgh gSa rkfd gekjh lQ+ksa esa fc[kjko dks gok nh tk lds] ge cjkcj NksVs&NksVs fxjksgksa esa caVrs pys tk,¡ vkSj fQj uke fugkn ftgknh rkd+rksa ls gekjh gj vkcknh dks d[k+Z cuk fn;k tk,A¼1½ ¼1½ cx+nkn dh og 'khvk vkcknh ftls vCckfl;ksa ds nkSj esa bl rjg cckZn fd;k x;k Fkk fd bldk uke o fu'kku feV x;kA ¼[k+yhQk eksvr~ fle fcYykg ds nkSj 640&655 fg0 es½a ysfdu et+kfye dh bu okds+vksa ls Hkh geus bcjr ugha gkfly dh vkSj ;g okds+vkr rkjh[k+ dh rg crg xnZ esa nc dj jg x;sA ge ij ;g t+qYe dk flyflyk vkt Hkh tkjh gS] vkSj ;g flyflyk ml oD+r rd tkjh jgsxk tc rd ge dyerqy&gd+ dks cqyUn djrs jgsaxs] tc rd ge bLyke dks


fu'kkus jkg

112

gqlSuh flikgh dks vius cpko dh rjQ ls bruk vUtku ugh gksuk pkfg,A vc tc fd ge pkjks rjQ ls [k+rjksa esa f?kj pqds gSa] nq'eu vUn:uh vkSj ckgjh nksuksa rjQ ls cjkcj gesa uqd+lku igq¡pk jgk gS] gesa nksLr vkSj nq'eu esa igpku djuk iMs+xh] gesa viuh lQ+ksa esa Nqih gqbZ dkyh HksM+ksa dk jkLrk jksduk iM+sxkA lcls [k+rjukd pky tks ;g equkfQ+d+ bLrseky djrs gSa og yksxksa ds tT+ckr dks HkM+dkuk viuh ft+Unxh dk lcls cM+k ed+ln cuk;s j[ksaxs] tc rd ge nqfu;k ij nhu dh gqDejkuh dh dksf'k'k tkjh j[ksaxs] tc rd lkezkth vkSj bLrsekjh dq+Oorksa dh vk¡[kksa esa vk¡[ksa Mkydj nqfu;k Hkj ds et+yweksa vkSj det+ksjksa dh fgek;r tkjh j[ksaxs] tc rd ge lkjh nqfu;k ij bLyke dk ijpe ygjkus dh dksf'k'k djrs jgsaxs] tc rd ge 'kSrkus cqt+qxZ vejhdk dh cjrjh dk bUdkj djrs jgsaxs vkSj tc rd ge gj nkSj ds ;t+hn ds f[k+ykQ ,grstkt djrs jgsaxs] gekjh vt+knkjh ml nkSj ds ;t+hn ls ysdj vkt ds t+ekus ds ;t+hnh fQØ j[kus okyksa ds f[k+ykQ cjkcj ,grstkt gS blfy;s bLyke nq'eu dq + O orks a dk lcls cM+ k fu'kkuk gh vt+ k nkj vkS j vt+knkjh&,&lS¸;nq''kksgnk gSaA


fu'kkus jkg

113

djuk gSA ;g tkurs gSa fd vt+knkjh vkSj ekSyk ds uke ij ge tc pkgsx a ]s tSls pkgsx a s vt+knkjksa dks bLrseky dj tk;saxs vkSj ;g dj jgs gSa fd vt+knkjh esa viuh et+hZ dh fur ubZ vkSj tkfgykuk ckrksa dks 'kkfey djds nwljksa dks ;g dgus dk ekSdk+ ns nsrs gSa fd ;g vD+y] gks'k vkSj le> ls [k+kyh oge ds ihNs Hkkxus okyksa dh tekvr gS ftldk vD+y vkSj le> ls nwj dk Hkh okLrk ugh gSA Exploite

exj ,s ekreh tokuksa! ;g dc rd gksrk jgsxk\ D;k vki x+kSj o fQ+ร˜ ugh djrs fd tks yksx bl rjg ds gFdUMs bLrseky djrs gSa og [kqn fdl fdjnkj ds ekfyd gSa] [kqn mudh ckrksa vkSj dkeksa esa fdruk Vdjko gSA bu dkyh HksM+ksa dks ,d cM+k Qk;snk (Advantage) og dqN uke ds eqYyk igqยกpkrs gSa tks nhu ds fyckl esa nhu dk lkSnk djrs gSa] ;g equkfQd+ mUgh eqYykvksa ds fdjnkj dks yksxksa ds lkeus ykdj feYyr dks myek ls xqejkg dj nsrs gSaA bl ckjs esa rks eSa fdrkc ds 'kq# esa vt+Z dj


fu'kkus jkg

114

pqdk gwยก fd ;g bLyke dks u tkuus okyh eqYykb;r bLyke ds fy, [k+kl rkSj ls 'khv;r ds fy, ,d cgqr cM+h eqlhcr gSA eq>s ;d+hu gS fd esjs ekreh toku esjh ckrksa dks mlh [+kqywl dh ut+j ls ns[ksaxs ftl [+kqywl ds lkFk eSa [kqnk dks xokg djds ;g fy[k jgk gwยกA


fu'kkus jkg

115

[k+rhcksa] t+kfdjksa] vnhcksa vkSj 'kksv~jk&,&fdjke ls! ftl rgj gj y'dj fMoht+uksa] iyVuksa vkSj nLrksa esa rd+lhe gksrk gS vkSj gj nLrs iyVu vkSj fMoht+u ds ntkZ cntkZ lkykj ¼dekUMj½ gksrs gSaA vki eqdjZe [k+rhc] cqt+qxZ t+kfdj] eqgrje vnhc vkSj cM+h efUt+yr okys 'kk;j gqlSuh y'dj ds nLrksa ds lkykjksa dh gSfl;r ds gkfey gSaA ;gh ed+ke gekjs eksgrje ukSgk [+ok¡ gt+jkr dks gkfly gSA vki dqN nsj ds fy;s ;g rlOoqj dj yhft;s fd vkidks ,d nLrs dk ljnkj eqd+jjZ dj fn;k x;k gS] rks vki vius nLrs dh lkykjh dSls djsaxs\ vki lc vgyscSr ¼v0½ ds f[k+ner xqt+kj gSaA vki ij bl y'dj dks rS;kj djus dh


fu'kkus jkg

116

laxhu ft+Eesnkjh gS] vki lc vius&vius eSnku ds lkykj gSaA vkidk dq+Oors c;ku] vkidh rgjhj] vkidk dyke] vkidk vUnkt+s c;ku] vkidh [+kwclwjr vkokt+] ;g lc vkids ikl t+gjk ¼v0½ dh vekur gSaA ckjxkgs gqluS h ls vkidks vkSj gedksa tks bT+tr+ o od+kj vrk gqvk gS] og nqfu;k dh fdlh ckjxkg ;k njckj ls ugha fey ldrk] fQj ge bl vt+he usv~ers bykgh dk 'kqØ dSls vnk djsa\ usver ds 'kqØ dk csgrjhu rjhd+k ;g gS fd bl usv~er dks mUgha dh f[k+ner esa yxk;k tk;s ftudh ;g vrk gSA viuh toku uLy dh rjfc;r dh ft+Eesnkjh fdlh ,d Q+nZ ;k ,d vkfye dh ugha gS cfYd ;g rks ge lc dh eq'rjdk ft+Eesnkjh gS] mudh ft+Eesnkjh gS tks 'kqvwj o vkxkgh dh nkSyr ls ekykeky gSa tks lhus esa nnsZ feYyr j[krs gSaA vkids ikl feacj gS] vkids ikl d+ye gS] vkids ikl fQ+Ø gS] t+ksjs c;ku gS] vkokt+ gSA ;g lc oD+Q+ dj nhft;s feYyr ds gkykr cnyus ds


fu'kkus jkg

117

fy;sA ,d 'kksgjr oD+rh vkSj t+ekuh gS vkSj ,d ges'kk dh vkSj u [k+Re gksus okyh gS] ,d bT+t+r flQZ nqfu;k rd egnwn gS vkSj ,d bT+t+r nqfu;k o vkf[k+jr dks ?ksjs gq, gSA ,d ckj ge flQZ yksxksa ds lkeus bT+t+r ikdj [+kq'k gks tkrs gSa vkSj ,d ckj [+kqnk o jlwy ¼l0½ vkSj vbZEe&,&eklwehu ds lkeus ckbT+t+r gksus dh ckr gSA ;g QSlys dh ?kM+h gS fd gesa dkSu lh 'kksgjr] bT+t+r vkSj ljcqyUnh pkfg;sA lgh gS fd jkgs gd+ cgqr eq'kfdy vkSj nq'okj xqtk+ j gS] l[+r gS] bfErgku okyh gSA exj D;k gekjs ikl mlo&,&gSnjs djkZj vkSj dcZyk okyksa dk fdjnkj ugha gS\ vxj okd+vh ge dcZyk okys gSa vkSj gqlSuh vd+hns ds iDds gSa rks gesa blh l[+r vkSj nq'okj xqt+kj jkLrs dks pquuk gksxk tks vcqt+js x+¶Qkjh ¼jft+0½] ehles rEekj ¼jft+0½ vkSj d+ca j ¼jft+0½ tSls vyh ¼v0½ ds xqy + keksa us fd;k FkkA ml jkg ij pyuk iMs+xk ftl jkg ij pydj gchc bCus et+kfgj lkjh #dkoVsa ikj djds vius ekSyk ds d+neksa esa igq¡p x;s Fks] ml rjg vius vkidks vUèksjksa ls fudkyuk iMs+xk ftl


fu'kkus jkg

118

rjg gqj ¼v0½ vUèksjksa ls fudy dj uwj dh rjQ x;k FkkA vkt bfUrgkbZ ekt+sjr vkSj vQlksl ds lkFk dguk iM+ jgk gS fd ckt+ txg gekjs feacj dk esv~;kj bfUrgkbZ fxj pqdk gS] vknkcs feEcj dks dksbZ ikl ugha jgk gS bYeh lrg bl gn rd fxj pqdh gS fd ckt+ vgys feacj r'kS;qv ds cqfu;knh vd+k,n ls Hkh Bhd rjg vkxkgh ugha j[krsA lkjk t+ksj flQZ vUnkt+s c;k¡ vkSj pUn jVs gq, okds+vkr dks ckj&ckj ?kqek fQjk dj is'k djus ij gksrk gSA ;g Formal etkfyl ge esa bafd+ykch :g csnkj ugha dj ldrhaA fdjnkj lkt+h feacj dk gd+ gSA gqlSu ¼v0½ us gesa rkjh[k+ esa ft+Unk j[kk gS rks gekjk Hkh Q+t+Z gS fd mlo&,&gqlSu ¼v0½ ed+lns gqlSu ¼v0½ vkSj eu'kwjs gqlSu ¼v0½ dks ft+Unk j[ksaA ,d efLtn esa uekt+ dh beker djus ds fy;s is'k beke ds fy;s fdruh 'kjk;r j[kh x;h gSa] exj feacj ij cSBdj gt+kjksa bUlkuksa ds t+guksa ij gqdwer djus okys ds fy;s ge fdlh 'krZ ds


fu'kkus jkg

119

d+k;y vkSj ikcUn ugha gSaA ,slk d+rvu ugha gksuk pkfg;s vkSj bl flyflys esa ckfu;kus vt+k ij Hkh Hkkjh ft+Eesnkjh vk;n gksrh gSA Q'ksZ vt+k fcNkuk flQZ jleh dkjok;h ugha gS vkSj u gh flQZ etek bdVBk djuk ed+lwn gksrk gS cfYd Q'ksZ vt+k fcNkus dk ed+ln ,d rjQ x+e eukuk vkSj nwljh rjQ iSx+kes gqlSuh ¼v0½ dks nqfu;k rd igq¡pkuk gSA vc vkt ds nkSj esa ge ;g iSx+ke fdl rjg igq¡pk;sa\ ;d+huu tc rd gekjs vgys feacj vius c;ku dks tnhn nkSj ds rd+kt+ksa ls ugha tksM+saxs] cnyrh gqbZ bd+nkj dk fygkt+ ugha djsaxs] lekth fj'rksa dk ikl ugha j[ksaxsA fdl rjg ;g mEehn dh tk ldrh gS fd yksx gekjh etfylksa dk #[k+ djsaA gekjk vUnkt+ rks ,slk gksuk pkfg;s fd yksx [+kqn c[+kqn f[k+ap dj edrcs vgyscSr dh rjQ vk tk;sa u fd muds fnyksa esa uQjrsa cksbZ tk;saA ;g Bhd gS fd lkjh nqfu;k us u rks dHkh gd+ dks rLyhe fd;k gS vkSj u lcus lkFk fn;k gS ysfdu gesa rks viuh ft+Eesnkjh cMs+ vPNs rjhd+s ls iwjh


fu'kkus jkg

120

djuk gksxhA bl flyflys esa D;k djuk pkfg;s\ vHkh vkèkh lnh igys rd y[kuÅ esa ,slh ,dsMeh ekStwn Fkh ¼vkSj esjh bRrsykvkr ds eqrkfcd+ cjlksa dh cckZnh ds ckn ,d ckj fQj bl ,dsMeh dks ubZ ft+Unxh feyh gS½ tgk¡ ,sls okbt+ vkSj [k+rhc rS¸;kj fd;s tkrs Fks tks feacj ij tkdj iwjh ft+Eesnkjh dk eqtk+ gsjk djrs FksA enjlrqy okbt+hu] ukt+fe;k vkSj lqyrkuqy enkfjl y[kuÅ] ekt+h esa ;g f[k+nekr vUtke nsrs jgs gSaA ;gk¡ Hkh gesa okbt+hu vkSj [+kqrck ds fy;s ,d ,slh ,dsMeh d+k;e djuk iMs+xh tks pUn lky rd cklykfg;r vQjkn dh rjfc;r ds Q+jht+s dks vUtke ns vkSj mUgsa ckd+k;nk lun nsdj Qkfjx+ fd;k tk;s rkfd og lekt dh t+:jrsa dks iwjk dj ldsaA vkSj ;g tks vkt&dy (Shortcut) eq[+rlj jkLrk fudyk gqvk gS fd fdlh Hkh e'kgwj t+kfdj dh pUn dSflVksa dks jVjVk yxkdj ;k pUn tkus&igpkus [+kqrck dh etkfyl ;kn djds


fu'kkus jkg

121

vYykek dk yscy yxok fy;kA u i<+us dh t+:jr vkSj u gh enjls dh gktrA ¼gd+hd+h [+kqrck vkSj t+kfdjhu esjh bl ckr ds feLnkd+ ugha gSa½ tgk¡ vt+knkjh ij ge djksM+ksa cfYd vjcksa #i;s [k+pZ djrs gSa ogha ,slh ,dsMeh vkSj ,sls enkfjl dk d+;ke Hkh vt+knkjh gh dh f[k+ner dk fgLlk gSa ojuk ftl Mxj ij vkt gekjk feacj py jgk gS vxj lwjrs gky ds vkxs ck¡èk u ck¡èkk x;k rks dqN vjls ds ckn feacj dk vYykg gh gkfQt+ gksxkA gekjs ckt+ lwcksa esa rks ;g gky gS fd xkus ctkus okys eqgjZe esa xkuk ctkuk NksM+dj feacj ij dwnuk 'kq# dj nsrs gSa vkSj mUgsa ;gk¡ ft+;knk it+hjkbZ feyrh gS vkSj cd+kSy muds] xkus ctkus ls ft+;knk mUgsa ;gk¡ bu nks ekg esa bT+t+r] 'kksgjr vkSj nkSyr fey tkrh gSA ysfdu loky ;g gS fd bu lcds cnys mUgksaus bl d+kSe dks D;k fn;k\ rkjh[k+h okds+vkr dks fcxkM+dj is'k djuk] x<+h gqbZ fjok;kr dks is'k djds okdsv + k&,&dcZyk dks nqfu;k dh ut+jksa esa e'dwd cukuk vkSj viuh csveyh dh rkSthg o rkohy is'k djus ds fy;s lkjh d+kSe dks


fu'kkus jkg

122

csveyh dh jkg ij pyus dh nkor nsukA dSls dSls yksx] feacj ij ut+j vkus yxs ts + j s fea c j cS f B;s ] rkS g hus fea c j ns f [k;s

vki bl d+kSe ds nkfu'oj (Intellectual) gSa vkidks gh d+kSe dks bl nyny ls fudkyuk gSA [+kqnk Hkh fdlh d+kSe dh rc gh enn djrk gS tc og [+kqn viuh enn ds fy;s rS¸;kj gksA vkb;s ge lc feydj vg~n djsa fd vius vg~ns oQk dks iwjk djsaxs] viuh ft+Eesnkfj;ksa dks lgh rjg iwjk djsaxs vkSj bl et+ywe feYyr ds f[k+ykQ gksus okyh gj lkft+'k dks ukdke cuk nsa] vkb;s vius NksVs&eksVs b[+rsykQkr dks Hkqyk nsa] bl rjg lQ+cUnh dj ysa tSls lhlk fiykbZ gqbZ nhokj cfYd dcZyk dh nhokj ftlls Vdjkdj ;t+hfn;r ik'k&ik'k gksrh jgh gS vkSj gksrh jgsxhA


fu'kkus jkg

123

duht+kus lS¸;nk o t+Suc lykeqYykfg vySbgqek ls-------vt+knkjh&,&lS¸;nq''kksgnk ds Q+jksx+ esa vkidk fgLlk enksZa ls de ugha gS cfYd ckt+ txgksa ij vki enksZa ls Hkh is'k&is'k ut+j vkrh gSaA vkius dHkh lkspk fd enksZa ls ft+;knk vki ulyksa dh t+guh vkSj ftlekuh ijofj'k dh ft+Eesnkj gS\ gj cPpk ek¡ ls blh fy, ft+;knk ekuwl gksrk gS fd og rjfc;r ds bCrsnkbZ nkSj dk cM+k fgLlk ek¡ ds lkFk xqt+kjrk gS] ?kj esa gksus okyh reke ckrksa dk cjkgs jkLr vlj ysrk gS vkSj ;g reke ckrsa mlds fny ij ejrs ne rd vius uD+'k cjd+jkj j[krh gSaA vki tks


fu'kkus jkg

124

dqN Hkh viuh vkSykn dks nsaxh ogh vkidh vkS y kn vkxs c<+ k ;s x hA bUlku ij et+ g c dk mHkjus okyk uD+ ' k ek¡ dh vkx+ k s ' k es a lCr gks r k gS A blh fy, ge ns[krs gSa fd og 'kknh dh #lwekr gksa ;k vt+knkjh dh] fdlh ds lks,e] pgYyqe dk elyk gks ;k ehykn o etfyl dk] [+okrhu ds uqdw+'k o vljkr brus xgjs gSa fd enZ bu ekeykr esa Hkh [+okrhu dh rd+yhn djrs gSa tks ljklj ckfry gSaA vkt gekjs eqvk'kjs esa nks 'kj,sa jk,t gSa ,d 'kj&,&eqgEenh vkSj nwljh 'kj&,&fuLok¡A ;kuh [k+okrhu dh viuh bZtkn dh gqbZ 'kjv fd elyu lks,e fdl fnu gksuk pkfg, vkSj pgYyqe fdl fnu gksuk pkfg,] esagnh ek¡>k ds cx+Sj 'kknh dk rlOoqj v/kwjk gS] enZ us lsgjk gh u ck¡èkk rks fudkg dSls gksxk] xqt+'krk lky rc#Zd esa gyhe ck¡Vk x;k Fkk vxj bl ckj u ck¡Vk rks ekSyk ukjkt+ gks tk,axsA Qyk¡ beke ckjxkg


fu'kkus jkg

125

ij eUur tYnh iwjh gksrh gS vkSj Qyk¡ txg ds vye ij eqjkn tYnh vkrh gS] rks D;k lkjh bekeckjxkgsa beke gqlSu ¼v0½ dh ugha gSa vkSj D;k lkjs vye gt+jr vCckl vyecjnkj ls eUlwc ugha gSa\ utQ] e'kgn] dcZyk vkSj nhxj et+kjkrs eklwehu dks NksM+dj ftudh [k+kl Q+ t + h yrs a fjok;kr es a okfjn gq b Z gS reke bekeckjxkgs a ] reke vye] reke ft+ ; kjkr] eqd+n~nl vkSj eqrcfjZd gSaA viuh eksgrje ekvksa cguksa ls bfUrgkbZ ekt+sjr ds lkFk bruh xqt+kfj'k gS fd viuh 'kjv u cuk;sa cfYd 'kj&,&eqgEenh vkSj fQ+D+gs tkQjh dks le>us dh dksf'k'k djsaA vkidh t+bZQqy ,rd+knh vkSj rog~gqe ijLrh dk urhtk ;g fudyrk gS fd eQ+kn ijLr yksx igys vki ij gh gkFk Mkyrs gSa vkSj tks ckr Hkh e'kgwj djokuh gks pUn [+okrhu rd mldk igq¡pk nsuk dkQ+h gksrk gSA ckt+ vkSd+kr egt+ etek bdVBk djus dh [k+kfrj vgys cSr ¼v0½


fu'kkus jkg

126

ds uke dks vkM+ cukdj vkidks bLrsv~eky dj fy;k tkrk gSA [+okcksa ds flyflys dks gh ys yhth;sA jkst+ dksbZ u dksbZ [+okc ns[krk gS fd mls c'kkjr gqbZ gS fd ;g djks] fdlh dks c'kkjr gqbZ gS og djksA ckr lkQ vkSj okts+g gS] fdlh Hkh vke bUlku dk [+okc nwljs bUlku ds fy, gqTtr ugh gSA ;g dksbZ eklwe dk [+okc ugha gS fd bl ij gj 'k[+l vey vUtke nsA vkius [+okc ns[kk gS vki ft+ E es n kj gS a A vkidk [+ o kc gq D es [k+ q n k ;k ogh&,&bykgh ugh gS ftl ij vey djuk nwljksa ij Hkh okftc gksA gekjk et+gc [+okcksa dh nqfu;k dk et+gc ugh gS ;g gd+hd+h nqfu;k esa vey ds fy, vk;k gSA rks vki ,s duht+kus tukc lS¸;nk ¼l0½ o tukc t+Suc¼v0½! [kqnk jk vius vt+he ed+ke dks igpkus]a vkidks viuh vkx+k's k esa beke ds flikfg;ksa dh rjfc;r djuk gS] bl fy, vkidh [kqn viuh rjfc;r vkSj veyh lykfg;r bruh gksuh pkfg,


fu'kkus jkg

127

fd vki nwljksa dks tg~y vkSj xqejkgh ls ckgj fudky ldsaA dcZyk esa ekStwn chfc;ksa us fdl rjg vius jktnqykjksa dks ekSr ds gokys dj fn;k Fkk vkSj muds cPps Hkh fdl rjg [kq'kh&[kq'kh 'kgknr gkfly djus ds fy, rhjksa vkSj ryokjksa ij VwV iM+s Fks] ;g tT+ck gqlSu ¼v0½ dh gd+hd+h ekjsQr dh otg ls iSnk gqvk FkkA vkt Hkh et+gc o feYyr dks ,slh gh vkx+ks'k dh t+:jr gS tks viuh xksn esa eq[+rkj flQr cPpksa dh ijofj'k djsa] mUgsa rog~gqe ijLr ekgksy esa ikyus ds ctk, eqtkfgn cuus dk nlZ nsa] mUgsa yksfj;ksa esa 'kghnksa vkSj fnysjksa dh nkLrkusa lquk;sa rkfd tc nhu ij oD+r iM+s rks ;gh fnysj ekvksa dh vkx+ks'k ds ijojnk cPps d+gjs bykgh cudj nq'eu ij VwV iM+sa vkSj dcZyk dh ekvksa dh rjg mudh ek,¡ Hkh [kqnk dh ckjxkg esa lq[kZq: gks tk;saA


fu'kkus jkg

128

,s duht+ku t+sgjk ¼l0½ vkSj iSjoku tS+uc o mEes dqylwe ¼v0½! ;gh og oD+r gS tc vkidks dbZ d+ne vkxs c<+dj dke djuk gksxkA vkSjr dh csgrjhu efLtn mldk ?kj gS] vkSjr dh tUur mldk u'kseu gS] vkSjr dh t+hur o t+Su mldk 'kkSgj vkSj mlds cPps gSa] ysfdu tc Hkh d+kSe o et+gc ij oD+r iM+k enksZa dk gkSlyk c<+kus ds fy, mudh x+Sjr o gfe¸;r dks txkus ds fy, bUgh [k+okrhu us felkyh fdjnkj vnk fd;k gSA rkjh[k+ ds gj&gj eksM+ ij pkgs uqcor dh benkn dk elyk gks] pkgs beker ds gd+ ds fnQkv dk ekeyk gks] pkgs njckj gks] pkgs ckt+kj] gj txg ;gh det+ksj vkSjr ckfry dh f'kdLr dk lkeku cu xbZ] ;gh vkSjr ,d [k+krwus [k+kuk ls ensZ eSnku esa rcnhy gks xbZA vkt vkidks viuk fdjnkj r; djuk iM+x s kA dSlh ft+Unxh xqt+kjh tk,\ t+ehu ij jsaxus okys djksM+ksa vjcksa dhM+ksa dh ekfuUn tks nqfu;k esa


fu'kkus jkg

129

vk,] ekn~nh t+:jrksa dks iwjk fd;k vkSj pys x;sA uke o fu'kku rd feV x;k] tSls fd cs'kqekj yksx ,slh gh ft+Unxh dh vkjt+w djrs gSa tks flQZ ekn~nh [+okfg'kkr dh rdehy rd egnwn gksrh gS vkSj mu [+okfg'kkr dks iwjh dj ysus dks og ft+Unxh dk gkfly tkurs gSa ;k vki ,slh ft+Unxh pkgrh gSa tks dHkh u [k+Re gksus okyh gks ;kuh g;krs vcnhA ;d+huu gj vD+y okyk ,slh gh ft+Unxh dh [+okfg'k djsxk tks rwykuh gksA rks ;g g;krs vcnh tks nqfu;k o vkf[k+jr esa bT+t+r o ljcqyUnh fy, gq, gS] gj bUlku dks gkfly ugh gksrh gS] ;g pUn gh [kq'kfd+Ler gksrs gSa tks gj nkSj esa gkfly dj ikrs gSa vkSj bl g;krs vcnh dks gkfly djus ds fy, cgqr d+qckZfu;kยก Hkh nsuk iM+rh gSaA dcZyk dh [+okrhu dh felky vkids lkeus gS] mu [+okrhu us xksn ds ikyksa dks dqckZu fd;k] csljks lkekuh ds vkye esa d+Sn o cUn dh rdyhQs a >s y ha exj d+ ; ker rd ds fy;s


fu'kkus jkg

130

ft+Unk&,&tkosn gks x;haA dy nhu dh uqljr ds tqeZ esa muds lj cspknj fd;s x;s Fks exj vkt lkjh bUlkfu;r mudk uke vkrs gh lj >qdk ysrh gSA


fu'kkus jkg

131

eq[k+rfyQ rut+heksa ds dkjdquksa ls! tSlk fd y¶+ts+ rut+he (Organization) gh t+kfgj gS fd gj rut+he fdlh fxjksg] fcjknjh ;k d+kSe dks equT+t+e djus ds fy;s otwn esa vkrh gS] pkgs og et+gch gks ;k fl;klhA gj rut+he e[k+ll w [k+;kykr vkSj fQØsa j[kus okyh gksrh gS fQj èkhjs&èkhjs ,d gh ut+fj;s dks QSykus okys yksx ^^ut+fj;krh b[+rsykQkr** dh cqfu;kn ij et+hn rut+heksa esa rd+lhe gks tkrs gSa vkSj tgk¡ lwjrs gky cnrj gks tkrh gS ogk¡ gekjs eqYd dk uD+'kk cu tkrk gSA pkgs [k+kfyl fl;klh tekvrsa gksa ;k et+gch tekvrsa lcdk ,g gh gky gSA ;gk¡ rd fd rkLlqckr vkSj rQjd+sckt+h ds f[k+ykQ yM+us okys yksx [+kqn vius rut+heh nk;js esa brus raxut+j


fu'kkus jkg

132

vkSj eqrvfLlc gks tkrs gSa fd mUgsa viuh rut+heh nk;js ls ckgj gj 'k[+l x+n~nkj vkSj ckfry ut+j vkrk gSA et+gch tekvrksa esa lwjrsgky ;g gksrh gS fd mUgsa vius [k+ksy ls ckgj dk gj Q+nZ nhu dk nq'eu vkSj csnhu fn[kk;h nsrk gS] equrt+sehu èkhjs&èkhjs rut+he dks nhu ds fxnZ ?kqekus yxrs gSa vkSj ;g rut+hesa ,d cqr dh 'kDy bf[+r;kj dj tkrh gSaA gky ;g gks tkrk gS fd rut+he dk eU'kwj vkSj nLrwj tks fd vk;kr bykgh ugha gS mls gh lc dqN le> fy;k tkrk gS vkSj blesa Hkh viuh et+hZ vkSj eQ+knkr ds is'kut+j bruh rjehesa vkSj rcnhfy;k¡ ys vk;h tkrh gSa fd og ,d e[k+lwl QnZ ;k fxjksg ds bd+rsnkj dk eqgkfQt+ cu tkrk gSA ;gha ls rut+heksa dk 'khjkt+k (Bonding) fc[kjuk 'kq# gks tkrk gS tks vly esa [+kqn d+kSe dk 'khjkt+k fc[ksjus dk lcc cu tkrk gS vkSj fQj og yksx tks ?kj ls lkezkt ds eqd+kcys ds fy;s fudys Fks] vkil esa eqd+kcyk djrs ut+j vkrs gSa vkSj lkezkt viuh dke;kch ij eqldqjkrk ut+j vkrk gSA


fu'kkus jkg

133

de ls de gekjs eqYd dh fl;klh vkSj et+gch tekvrksa dh ;gh rkjh[k+ gS fd budh dgkuh ut+fj;kr ls 'kq# gksdj vQjkn ij [k+Re gks tkrh gSA vxj ge nk;js dks vkSj egnwn djsa vkSj flQZ viuh feYyr ds rut+heh lQ+j ij ut+j Mkysa rks gesa ;g ckr okts+g rkSj ij ut+j vk tk;sxh fd bLrsv~ekj ds eqd+kcys ij fudyus okyh d+kSe fdl rjg bLrsv~ekjh lkft+'k dk f'kdkj gks x;h vkSj bLrsv~ekjh xqek'rksa us fdl rjg ge ls vaèksjs esa gekjs lkjs dke dks vx+ok dj fy;kA b[+ry s kQh elk,y esa my>s cx+jS viuh feYyr dh rut+heksa ds dkjdquksa ls esjh ;gh vihy vkSj nj[+okLr gS fd rut+hesa d+kSe dh dke;kch ds fy;s cuk;h tkrh gSa] pUn vQ+jkn ds fy;s ughaA vQ+jkn dh tax yM+sa rks gesa flok; uqd+lku ds dqN Hkh gkFk ugha vk;sxkA gekjh rut+heksa ds d+k,nhu ¼usrkvksa½ dh d+kSe ls [+kqywl ml oD+r lkfcr gksxk tc og d+kSe ds fy;s yM+saxs] eUlc o ed+ke ds fy;s ughaA vki ;g nsf[k;s fd vki ftlds lkFk


fu'kkus jkg

134

gSa] og ed+ke ijLr gS ;k eUlc dks viuh Bksdj esa j[krk gSA og nqfu;k ds ihNs Hkkx jgk gS] ;k nqfu;k mlds ihNs Hkkx jgh gS\ ;gkยก rks ;g gky gS fd og yksx Hkh d+;knr ds nkosnkj gS ftuds lkFk pUn vQjkn ukjs yxkus okys gksrs gSaA vki viuh [+kwfc;ksa dks fdl fy;s bLrseky dj jgs gSa d+kSe o et+gc ds fy;s ;k 'kf[+l;kr ds cpko ds fy;s\ ;g cgqr vge gS fd ,d dkjdqu ds fy;s fd og ;g QSlyk djs fd vius et+gc o feYyr ls vg~n fd;s gq, (Committed) gS ;k fdlh Q+nZ lsA ,d et+gch dkjdqu ml oD+r rd fdlh 'k[+l ls tqM+k jgrk gS] tc rd mls ;d+hu gks fd ;g 'kf[+l;r Hkh et+gc o feYyr ls vg~n fd;s gq, (Committed) gSA exj tc lkeus vk tk;s fd fdlh 'kf[+l;r dh oQknkfj;kยก et+gc o feYyr ls ugha cfYd viuh t+kr ls tqM+h gSa rks fQj dksbZ tokt+ ugha jg tkrk fd mldk lkFk fn;k tk;sA


fu'kkus jkg

135

fu'kkus jkg feYyr ds vt+ht+ tokuksa! vc vkf[k+j esa jkgs gy dh rjQ vkuk pkgrk gw¡] bu Hkwrksa ls eqd+cys dh jkg ftudh rjQ 'kq# esa b'kkjk dj pqdk gw¡A gj vUtqeu] VªLV] bnkjk ;k rut+he et+gc dh f[k+ner ds fy;s otwn esa vkrh gS] vxj ;gh vUtqeu] VªLV] bnkjk ;k rut+he fdlh QnZ dh tkxhj cu tk;s rks fQj fdlh lPps dkjdqu ds vPNk ugha gS fd og nhu NksM+dj vQ+jkn dh rd+fo;r dk ckbl cusA ekStwnk lwjrs gky esa eqefdu ugha fd reke vUtqeuksa] VªLVksa vkSj bnkjksa o rut+heksa dks rksM+dj dksbZ ,d rut+he cuk yh tk;s] exj ;g rks gks ldrk gS fd reke rut+heksa ox+Sjk ij eq'krfey ,d eq'krjdk vkSj eqRrgsnk (Common & United)


fu'kkus jkg

136

IysVQkeZ cuk fy;k tk;s] D;ksafd tc rd lkjh d+kSe 'kjhd u gks dksbZ ed+ln gkfly ugha fd;k tk ldrk vkSj dksbZ ,d rut+he ,slh ugha gS tks lkjh d+kSe dh uqekbUnxh dk gd+hd+h nkok dj ldsA ,d ,slh d+kSeh ikfyZ;kesUV ;k Qksje cuk;h tk;s tgk¡ lkjh rut+heksa dh uqekbUnxh gksA ;g Qksje ;k ikjyhesUV nks&nks ;k rhu&rhu lky ds fy;s ,d etfyls vey pqus] ;g etfyls vey brus gh vjls ds fy;s ,d flØsVjh tujy pqusA bl izkslsl ls xqt+jus ds ckn bl etfyls vey dks u flQZ lkjh d+kSe dk ,rsekn cfYd lkjh d+kSe dh iq'riukgh Hkh gkfly gksxhA bl etfyls vey ds vQ+jkn eq[k+rfyQ 'kkscksa dh ljijLrh laHkkysaxs vkSj dkeksa dh rd+lhe dh ,d csgrjhu 'kDy lkeus vk;sxh gekjs vUnq:uh b[+rsykQkr Hkh bl Q+ksje esa j[ks tk;sa vkSj fQj bl Qksje ds QSlys dks greh ¼Q+kbuy½ QSlys ds rkSj ij rLyhe fd;k tk;sA ;d+huu] ;g ckr dkx+t+ ij rgjhj djuk


fu'kkus jkg

137

cgqr vklku vkSj vey ds eSnku esa bldk okds+v gksuk cgqr eq'kfdy gSA eq>s Hkh ;g rLyhe gS fd ;g cgqr eq'kfdy gS exj ukeqefdu ugha] blh fy;s eSaus viuh bl rgjhj dks fu'kkus jkg d+jkj fn;k gS] eafty ugha] gekjh d+keS esa ,sl& s ,sls eqQf+ Ddj vkSj nkfu'oj gt+jkr ekStwn gSa tks esjs [k+;ky ds bl d+rjs dks leqnz esa rcnhy dj ldrs gSaA eq[k+rfyQ fl;klh tekvrksa vkSj ljdkjh bnkjksa esa gekjs cs'kqekj ,sls fnekx+ ekStwn gSa tks eUlwckcUnh ds ekfgj gSa] ysfdu vQ+lksl fd gekjs ikl ,slk dksbZ Qksje ekStwn ugha tgkยก mu dh f[k+nekr yh tk ldsa vkSj mudh lykfg;rksa ls Q+k;nk mBk;k tk ldsA tc ge dksbZ Qksje r'dhy nssaxs vkSj mUgsa ,rsekn nsaxs rks fQj nsf[k;s fd dqN vQ+jkn dks vki ryk'k djsaxs vkSj dqN [+kqn gh nhu o feYyr dh f[k+ner ds tT+cs esa Mwcs gq, vkids ikl vk tk;saxsA vki d+kSe ds ljdjng vQjkn dks etcwj djsa fd og t+kfr;kr dh nqfu;k ls ckgj vkdj


fu'kkus jkg

138

d+kSe ij iM+s bl dM+s oD+r esa eSnkus vey esa mrjsAa ekt+h dh ryf[k+;kยก vkSj x+yrQgfe;kยก feVkdj csgrj eqLrd+fcy dh tn~nkstsgn djsa] ojuk vkus okyh uly gesa ekQ ugha djsxh vkSj nqfu;k rks nqfu;k eSnkus g'kz esa Hkh ge muls eqยกg fNikrs fQj jgs gksaxsA oekvySuk bYyYcykx+


fu'kkus jkg

139

,d [k+r lcds uke gEn ml ijojfnxkj ds fy;s ftlus bUlku dks iSnk djus ls igys mldh t+:jr dh gj 'kS dks iSnk fd;kA tc bl vkye dks usv~erksa ls iqj dj fn;k rks fQj bUlku dks lkspus le>us dh lykfg;r nsdj fgnk;r vkSj xqejkgh dh jkgksa ls vius vfEc;k vkSj eqjlyhu vySbfgeqLlyke ds olhys ls jks'ku djds viuh [k+kl fgder ds rgr nqfu;k esa Hkst fn;kA vkSj fQj eqlyly ml ij usv~ersa ukft+y dj jgk gSA csbfUrgk nq:n o lyke ml rkfgj o eqrg~fgj ¼ikd djus okyh½ gLrh ij ftls ijojfnxkj us viuk egcwc ¼I;kjk½ d+jkj fn;k vkSj lkjs vkyehu ds fy;s eqtLle jger] eqgCcr vkSj 'kQd+r cukdj d+ ; ker rd vkus okys bUlkuks a ds fy;s uewu&,&vey d+jkj fn;k] blds olhys ls et+yew


fu'kkus jkg

140

csdl vkSj ykpkj bUlkuksa dks ljcqyUnh vrk dh vkSj viuh csgrjhu mEer d+jkj fn;kA cs'kqekj nq:n o lyke iSx+Ecjs bLyke ¼l0½ dh vkys ikd ij ftu ij nq:n Hksts cx+Sj uekt+ tSlh bcknr dks ukeqdEey d+jkj fn;k] csbfUrgk lyke jlwy ¼l0½ ds mu tkfulkj vlgkc ij tks iSx+Ecjs vdje ¼l0½ dh ,d vkokt+ ij viuh tku fuNkoj djuk viuk Qjht+k tkurs FksA eSa ;g [k+r gok, uQ+lkuh ds bRrsckv ;k lLrh 'kksgjr ;k fdlh nqfu;koh Qk;ns dh x+t+Z ls rgjhj ugha dj jgk gw]¡ cfYd eknjs oru dh tks eqgCcr esjs [+kuw esa jph&clh gqbZ gS vkSj vius nhu ls tk¡fulkjh dk tks vg~n uLyu ckn uLy esjs d+Yc o :g esa equrfd+y gqvk gS] ;g eqgCcr vkSj vg~n eq>s bl ckr ij mdlk jgk gS fd vxjps lgjk esa vt+ku nsus dk dksbZ Qk;nk ugha ysfdu lgjk esa nh gqbZ vt+ku dh xwt ¡ Hkh dHkh [k+Re ugha gksrh] ogha ?kwerh jgrh gS] bl bfUrt+kj esa fd dHkh rks dksbZ mlls eqgCcr djus okyk ml lgjk esa xqtj+ x s k vkSj ml vt+ku dh vkokt+ ij ^gkft+j gw*¡ dgsxkA


fu'kkus jkg

141

rkjh[k+ ds lQgkr d+kSeksa dh mBku o t+oky dh nkLrkuksa ls Hkjs iM+s gSa 'kk;n gh bl t+ehu dk dksbZ fgLlk ,slk gks ftls dHkh Å¡pkbZ dk u'kk vkSj t+oky dk t+k;d+k u p[kuk iM+k gks] ysfdu gj nkSj esa pkgs dksbZ d+kSe Å¡pkbZ dh rjQ c<+rh tk jgh gks ;k uhps dh rjQ fxjrh tk jgh gks] ekn~nh rjD+d+h gh mBku dk ckbl cuh vkSj ;gh ekn~nh rjD+d+h t+oky dk Hkh ckbl cuhA ,gjkes felz ¼felz ds fijkfeM½ vkSj nhokjs phu bl dh eq¡g cksyrh rLohj gSaA bldk lcc ;g gS fd tc bUlku rjD+d+h jkg ij py iM+rk gS rks mldk lkjk è;ku ekn~nh rjD+d+h vkSj ekn~nh bd+rsnkj ij Bgj tkrk gSA ;gh ekn~nkijLrh mls nwljksa ij tqY+ e vkSj muds gqdd +w + dks cckZn djus ij mdlkrh gSA dkfe;kfc;ksa vkSj bD+rsnkj dk u'kk mls cgdk nsrk gS vkSj ftl bD+rsnkj dks og dkfe;kch dh vk[k+jh eaft+y le>rk gS] vLy esa og mldh cckZnh dh 'kq#vkr dk uqD+rk gksrk gS vkSj tc og ,d ckj iLrh vkSj ft+Yyr ls nkspkj gskrk gS rks gSjku jg tkrk gS] mldh le> esa ugha vkrk fd


fu'kkus jkg

142

,slk D;ksa gS] mlds vUnkt+s vkSj fglkc fdrkc D;ksadj x+yr gq,\ ,slk blfy;s gksrk gS fd og cqyUnh ds nkSj esa ;g Hkqyk cSBrk gS fd og flQZ ,d [k+kd dk iqryk ugha gS cfYd mls [k+kd ds iqrys dh 'kDy nsus ds ckn [k+kfyd+s nks tgk¡ us mlesa :g Hkh Qw¡dh Fkh] og ,d ekn~nh iSdj gksus ds lkFk&lkFk :gkuh iSdj Hkh gSA og ekn~nh t+:jrksa dk rks [k+;ky djrk gS ysfdu :gkuh t+:jrksa ls x+kfQy gks tkrk gS] urhts esa rckgh vkSj cckZnh esa iM+ tkrk gSA d+kSeksa dh rckgh vkSj cckZnh dh nkLrkuksa esa ;g ,d cqfu;knh uqDrk gS ftls yk'kqÅjh rkSj ij eksvjfj[k+hu ¼bfrgkldkjksa½ us rgjhj rks txg&txg vkSj vyx&vyx vUnkt+ ls dj fn;k] exj mls rLyhe djus esa Hkh ogh ekn~nk ijLrh vkM+s vkrh jgh gS ;k fQj eksvjfj[k+ksa us bl :gkuh igyw dks è;ku nsus ds d+kfcy gh ugha tkukA ge og cnulhc d+kSe gSa tks ekt+h esa u flQZ 'kkunkj mBku ds lkFk lkfn;k¡ xqt+kj pqdh gS] cfYd d+qnjr us gesa lEHkkyus ds fy;s cgqr ls ekSd+s


fu'kkus jkg

143

fn;s exj ge cjkcj usve~ r dk bUdkj gh djrs jgsA ijojfnxkjs vkye dh bu gh eqlyly usve~ rksa esa ls ,d cM+h usve~ r ;g [+knq k dh eeydrs ikfdLrku gS tks gekjh ukd+æh vkSj ukvgyh ds ckbl t+[+eksa ls pwj viuh vkSj gekjh cckZnh ij [+kwu ds vk¡lw cgk jgh gSA vkt ukScr ;gk¡ rd igq¡p pqdh gS fd dq¶Qkj o eq'kfjdhu ds gkFkksa viuh nhu o t+ehj dk lkSnk dju okys yksx fl;klh vkSj et+gch HksfM+;ksa dh 'kDy esa [+knq ikfdLrku ds otwn vkSj bldh cqfu;knksa ij geyk vkoj gSaA bl eq[r+ lj lh rEghn ds ckn vc eSa ljdkjh bnkjksa esa ekStnw uhps ls Åij rd ft+Eesnkj vQ+jkn ls tks ckrsa djuk pkgrk gw¡ mlds fy;s [+kqys fnekx+] bLyheh gennhZ vkSj bZekuh x+Sjr dh t+:jr gSA gj rjQ+ QSyh gqbZ ek;wlh dh rkjhfd;ksa ds ckotwn eq>s ;d+hu gS fd vHkh vkidh lQksa esa oru dh eqgCcr] ft+Unk t+ehj vkSj ckbZeku yksxksa dh ,d cM+h rknkn ekStwn gSA D;k geus vius vki dks ;g ;d+hu fnyk fn;k gS fd gkykr Bhd ugha gks


fu'kkus jkg

144

ldrs\ D;k mu djksM+ksa et+ywe vkSj csdl bUlkuksa dks bl csnnhZ vkSj [k+keks'kh ds lkFk fl;klh vkSj et+gch HksfM+;ksa dh HksaV p<+us fn;k tk;s\ D;k bl eqYd esa okd+bZ fQjd+kokfj;r ekStwn gS ;k pUn nhu Qjks'k eqYyk tks ;gwfn;ksa o bZlkb;ksa ds mu myek dh ;kn fnykrs gSa tks vk;krs bykgh esa viuh u¶lkuh [+okfg'kkr ds rgr rcnhfy;k¡ dj ysrs Fks\ D;k ;g pUn vkfye uqek vQjkn blh jkg ij xket+u ugha gSa tks ,d ckj fQj fdlh paxst+ dh vken dk ckbl cu tk;s\ vki ft+Eesnkj gSa] le>nkj gSa] [+kqnk us vkidks bf[+r;kj vkSj bD+rsnkj dh us*er ls Hkh uokt+k gSA vki dc rd fl;klh elysgrksa dk f'kdkj jgsaxs] dc rd et+gch Cysdesyjksa ds Cysdesy gksrs jgsaxsA 'kk;n ckt+ vkSd+kr vkidks viuh elun vkSj eUlc dh [k+kfrj Hkh dqN f[k+ykQs nhu vkSj f[k+ykQs t+ehj dke vUtke nsuk iM+rs gksaxsA ysfdu lksfp;s vxj [+kqnk u[+okLrk bl eqYd gh dks dqN gks x;k rks dgk¡ vkidk bD+rsnkj vkSj dgk¡ vkidh eLun!


fu'kkus jkg

145

D;k gekjs eqYd esa oru ls eqgCcr djus okys vkSj ckbZeku vQjkn ugha jgs] ;k vki dks ut+j ugha vkrs\ ;gh x+jhc yksx ftudh veku muls Nhu yh x;h gS] tks [k+kSQ o ng'kr dh gkyr esa ft+Unxh xqtk+ jus ij etcwj gS]a ftudks dHkh fl;klr ds uke ij vkSj dHkh et+gc ds uke ij rckgh vkSj cckZnh ls nkspkj fd;k tk jgk gS] ;gh ikfdLrku dh rkd+r gSa] ;gh bLyke dk ljek;k gSaA efLtnksa o bekeckjxkgksa vkSj nwljs et+gch bTrsekvkr esa d+Rysvke djus okyksa dk bLyke ls D;k rkYyqd+ gks ldrk gS\ dqvkZu djhe ij xksfy;k¡ cjlkdj mls Nyuh djus okyksa dk nhu ls D;k fj'rk\ ;g og yksx gSa ftuds uke rks bLykeh gSa exj ;g dq¶Qkj o eq'kfjdhu ds og [k+jhns gq, xqy + ke gSa ftUgsa bl eqYd dh rckgh ds fy;s bLrseky fd;k tk jgk gSA vkidks budk [k+kSQ gS ysfdu D;k [+kqnk, cqtq+xZ o cjrj dh ckjxkg esa gkft+j gkssdj tokc nsus dk dksbZ [k+kSQ ugha\ vki bu Cysdesyjksa ds gkFkksa Cysdesy gksus ds ctk; [kqnk ij vkSj mu


fu'kkus jkg

146

et+ywe yksxksa ij Hkjkslk dhft;s] tc vki viuh voke dks ,rsekn nsaxs] muls eqgCcr djsaxs] mUgsa veu o veku nsaxs] mudh fgQkt+r dk gd+ vnk djsaxs rks ;gh x+jhc o ykpkj yksx ,d ,slh dq+Oor esa rcnhy gks tk;saxs tks iLek¡ng vkSj t+oky it+hj d+kSeksa dks ckes m:t ¼Å¡pkbZ dh eaft+y½ rd igq¡pk nsrs gSaA [+kqn viuh lQksa dh lQkbZ dhft;s] x+kSj dhft;s] nsf[k;s] vkidks ut+j vk tk;sxk fd bu fl;klh vkSj et+gch Cysdesyjksa dh ljijLrh vki gh dh rjQ ls gks jgh gSA vki gh ds dqN bnkjs vius oD+rh eQknkr ds is'ksut+j ,sls fxjksgksa dks r'dhy nsrs gSa vkSj ckn esa ;gh NksVs&NksVs fxjksg ,d cM+h vkSj equT+t+e dq+Oor esa rcnhy gks tkrs gSAa tks yksx eQknkr dh [k+kfrj vkids fy;s bLrseky gks ldrs gSa og ^^ewlkn** vkSj lh0vkbZ0,0 ds fy;s Hkh bLrseky gks ldrs gSa vkSj gks jgs gSaA vkids lkeus gS fd og gqDejku Hkh u jgs ftUgksaus ekt+h esa vius bd+rsnkj dks rwy nssus dh [k+kfrj bu fxjksgksa dh cqfu;kn j[kh FkhA og gqDejku


fu'kkus jkg

147

pys x;s ysfdu vius lkFk ;g tkjh jgus okyk vt+kc Hkh ys x;s tc rd ;g d+Ry o x+kjrxjh gksrh jgsxh muds uke&,&vkeky fl;kg rj gksrs tk;saxsA vki Hkh vkt elun ij gSa] dy ugha jgsaxsA vkt vki QSlyk dj ldrs gSa D;ksafd bf[+r;kj vkSj bD+rsnkj vkids gkFk esa gS] dy tc bD+rsnkj ugha gksxk rks flQZ gkFk eysaxsA ,d ckr vkSj ;kn jf[k;s rkjh[k+ cgqr t+kfye gS] ;g fdlh dks ekQ ugha djrh] vki pys tk;saxs] exj vkidk ft+Ø jg tk;sxk] ;g QSlyk djuk vkidk dke gS fd rkjh[k+ esa vki dk ft+Ø fdu y¶+t+ksa esa ckd+h jgsA [+kwc lksap le>dj QSlyk dhft;sA vius QSlyksa esa [+kqnk ls enn ryc dhft;s bl eqYd o feYyr ds lPps eqgkfQt+ cu tkb;sA jkg cgqr eq'kfdy vkSj [k+rjukd gS exj ftlus [+kqnk ls enn ryc dh] [+kqnk mldk gkeh o ukflj jgkA ge ekt+h cbZn esa ¼cgqr ihNs½ D;ksa tk;sa vHkh tks lnh [k+Re gqbZ rks oD+r dh lcls cMh lkezkth


fu'kkus jkg

148

rkd+r dks blds lkeus ?kqVus Vsdus iM+As ge rks fQj Hkh mEers eqgEenh gS] ge pkgsa rks flQZ viuh gh ugha cfYd lkjs vkyes bLyke dh rd+nhj cny ldrs gS]a ckr flQZ [+knq k ij ;d+hu vkSj ,rekn dh gSA ftu 'k[k+fl;rksa vkSj ft+Eesnkjksa ds fy;s eSaus ;g [k+r rgjhj fd;k gS eq>s xqeku gS fd 'kk;n ;g rgjhj mu rd igqยกp gh u lds] ysfdu bl mEehn ij fd %& fny ls tks vkg fudyrh gS vlj j[krh gS ij ugha] rkd+rs ijokt+ exj j[krh gS

[+knq k bl eqYds vt+ht+ ikfdLrku dh fgQkt+r Qjek;s vkSj ge lc dks nhus eqchu bLyke dk lPpk f[k+nerxkj d+jkj nsA vkehu! oekrkSQ+hd+h bYyk fcYykg vgd+#y bckn glu t+Q+j ud+oh


fu'kkus jkg

149

bLyke vkSj lsdqyfjT+e jkst+ukek ^tax* djkph dh 12 fnlEcj dh b'kkvr esa eksgrje vkSj Qkft+y cjknj lS¸;n rkfgj QS l y dk et+ e w u ^^ls d q y fjT+ e vkS j ikfdLrku** ds muoku (Topic) ls ut+j ls xqt+jk] tks dufouj [k+kfyn ;wul q lkgc ds et+euw cmuoku ^^lsdy q fjT+e vkSj bldk bjrsdk+ ** ds tokc esa rgjhj fd;k x;k gSA nksuksa rgjhjsa eSaus cx+kSj eqrkyk dhA ysfdu nks ckrsa nksuksa esa ,d ik;haA igyh ckr ;g fd nksuksa us lkeus dh gd+hd+rksa dks ut+j vUnkt+ djus dh dksf'k'k dh gS] nwljh ckr ;g fd nksuksa eqvk'kjrh nnZ Hkh j[krs gSa vkSj bUlkfu;r ds nq[kksa dk bykt Hkh pkgrs gSaA lcls igys eSa ;g ckr okts+g dj nsuk pkgrk


fu'kkus jkg

150

gwยก fd eSa lsdksyjbT+e lesr fdlh Hkh ex+fjch bLrsykgh ^bT+e* dks u flQZ ;g fd ikfdLrku ds fy;s cfYd rhljh nqfu;k ds fdlh Hkh eqYd ds fy;s utkr fnykus okyk ugha le>rk] lsdksyjbT+e nj vLy ,d [k+;kyh bLikjVk gSA veyh (Practical) nqfu;k esa bldk dHkh Hkh vkSj dgha Hkh otwn ugha jgk gS ftldh nks cM+h felkysa ,d bLykeh vkSj ,d x+Sj bLykeh ljt+ehu ;kuh rqdhZ vkSj Hkkjr dh lwjr esa gekjs lkeus ekStwn gSaA bl ij jks'kuh Mkyus dh fcydqy t+:jr ugha gS fd nksuksa gh lekt lsdqyfjT+e ds pDdj esa viuh igpku [kks pqds gSa( vkSj cjlgk cjl ls cksgjku dk f'kdkj gSaA [k+kl rkSj ij Hkkjr esa ge ns[k jgs gSa fd budk gqdwerh ehfM;k fdruk gh 'kksj epk;s exj ;g ckr vc lkjh nqfu;k ds lkeus okts+g gks pqdh gS fd ,d bfUrgkbZ iLr vkSj eqrvLlc t+gsfu;r iwjs fgUnqLrkuh lekt dks vius fglkj esa tdM+ pqdh gSA ftlds vLjkr gesa ogkยก vk, fnu gkykr o okds+vkr esa ut+j vk tkrs gSaA vc ge vkrs gSa rLohj ds nwljs #[k+ dh rjQ


fu'kkus jkg

151

tks cgqr gh gLlkl (Senstive) vkSj ukt+qd jax fy;s gq, gSA vkSj ftldh rjQ flQZ ,d rkfgj QSly 'kkg lkgc gh ugha cfYd gj lPpk eqlyeku vkSj vD+y okyk eqlyly b'kkjs djrk jgrk gSA ;kfu ,d bLykeh lkslkbVh! tks lekth bUlkQ ij ecuh gks] ft;ks vkSj thus nks dh ikyhlh dh gkfey gks] x+jhcksa vkSj uknkjksa dh fcyk rQ+jhd+s et+gc o edrc] eYtk o ekok ¼utkr o iukg nsus okyh½ gksA x+jt+ ;g fd bu reke [+kqlwfl;kr dh gkfey gks tks [+kqlwfl;kr dqvkZu o lqUur dh jks'uh esa rgjhj vkSj rd+jhj ds nkSjku lkeus yk;h tkrh gSaA gesa u rks bl ukjs ls b[+rsykQ gS fd lekt esa bLykeh d+kuwu jk,t gksus pkfg;sa vkSj u gh bl ckr ij ,rsjkt+ gS fd lkezkth rlYyqr ls vkt+knh gh gd+hd+h vkt+knh vkSj bLrsd+yky gSA ysfdu lkoy ;g gS fd ukjk rks lPpk gS vkSj gd+hd+r ij ecuh Hkh gS vkSj [+kwclwjr Hkh gS exj D;k ekStwnk lwjrs gky esa dksbZ fxjksg bl d+kfcy gS fd bl ukjs dks veyh lwjr ns\ esjs Qkft+y nksLr rkfgj 'kkg lkgc us vEuks


fu'kkus jkg

152

veku ds gokys rkfycku ds nkSjs gqdwer dh tks felky nh gS og mudh d+ych okcLrxh] ,glklkr vkSj tT+ckr dh rks et+gj gks ldrh gS ysfdu gd+k,d+ ls dkslksa nwj gSA bfUrgkbZ B.Ms fny ls x+kSj djus dk ed+ke gS bl ckr ij fd tks ekSd+k rkfycku dks feyk Fkk og mUgksaus u flQZ ;g fd cjckn dj fn;k cfYd muds vUnkt+ vkSj dke djus ds rjhd+s us nqfu;k Hkj esa pyus okyh bLykeh rgjhdksa dks t+cjnLr èkPdk yxk;k] ftlds uqd+lkunsg vljkr fQyLrhu] d'ehj] pspsfu;k vkSj bjkd+ rd ds eqlyekuksa ij iM+ jgs gSaA lkezkth gkSlyksa dh rdehy esa blls ft+;knk uknkfuLrk ¼cstkuh cw>h gqbZ½ enn vkSj D;k gks ldrh gS fd ,d fxjksg dh x+yr r'kjhgksa us jkrksa jkr lkjh nqfu;k esa eqlyeku eqtkfgnhu dks tks vius&vius bykd+ksa esa vkt+knh dh yM+kbZ;k¡ yM+ jgs Fks] ng'krxnZ d+jkj fnyok fn;kA vkSj vc ;g lwjrs gky gS fd lkjh nqfu;k esa eqlyekuksa ij cykvksa ds igkM+ VwV iM+s gSa vkSj dksbZ mudh enn vkSj fgek;r djus dks rS;kj ugha gSA


fu'kkus jkg

153

;d+huu rkfycku ds nkSj esa vEu jgk gksxkA ysfdu flQZ mu yksxksa ds fy;s tks ;k rks rkfycku ds gkeh Fks ;k fQj mUgksaus rkfycku ds lkeus gkfFk;kj Mky fn;s FksA vki rkfycku ds vEu dh ckr djrs gq, cSuy q vd+okeh (International) fjiksVl Z dk gokyk nsrs oD+r vd+okes eqRrgsnk (U.N.O.) gh dh mu fjiksVZl dks D;ksa Qjkeks'k dj cSBrs gSa ftuesa ckfe;ku vkSj et+kjs 'kjhQ esa rkfycku ds gkFkksa gt+kjksa csxqukg vkSj fugRFks vQ+jkn vkSjrksa vkSj cPpksa ds d+Rysvke dh rQlhykr ntZ gSaA gesa vd+ o kes eq R rgs n k ;k fdlh Hkh uke fugkn cSuqyvd+okeh bUlkuh gqdw+d+ dh rut+he dh fjiksVZ ls dksbZ ljksdkj ugha gS] exj D;ksafd esjs Qkft+y nksLr rkfgj 'kkg lkgc us vd+okes eqRrfgnk dh fjiksVZ dk gokyk fn;k Fkk rks eSaus Hkh ogh gokyk nqgjk dj fn;k] ojuk ,slh ohfM;ks fQyeksa dh rknkn gn ls ft+;kng gS ftlesa ckfe;ku vkSj et+kjs 'kjhQ esa rkfycku ds gkFkksa tks gkSyukd rckgh QSyh gS vkSj d+Rysvke gqvk gS mlds eukft+j (Seenes) ekStwn gSaA


fu'kkus jkg

154

bl gokys dk ed+ln dHkh ;g u fy;k tk;s fd ;g lc bLykeh ukjksa dh otg ls gqvkA cfYd ;g ,d fxjksg dh viuh x+yr r'kjhgksa dk urhtk FkkA ;gkยก eSa ,d ckr dk vkSj bt+kQk djuk pkgwยกxk fd bLykeh d+kuwuksa dh xyr r'kjhgksa ds urhts flQZ vQx+kfuLrku rd gh egnwn u Fks cfYd ;g ckr gekjs eqYd dk cPpk&cPpk tkurk gS fd gekjs eqYds vt+ht+ ikfdLrku esa xqt+'rk pUn lkyksa esa et+gc ds uke ij tks d+Ry o x+kjrxjh gqbZ vkSj eq[k+rfyQ edkfrcs fQร˜ ds cs'kqekj d+herh vQjkn tks bl eqYd dk vlklk (Asset) Fks t+eku, tkfgfy;r ds rkLlqckr dh HksaV p<+ x;s] blesa ljt+ehus vQx+kfuLrku vkSj ogkยก ds gkykr dk fdruk vey n[ky Fkk vkSj vQx+kfuLrku esa ml t+ekus dh rkfycku gqdwer us mu vukflj dh cgjgky fdlh u fdlh vUnkt+ esa ljijLrh vkSj gkSlyk vQt+kbZ t+:jh dhA ;gkยก esjk ed+ln fdlh dh fnyvkt+kjh ugha gS blfy;s cl bruk b'kkjk gh dkQh gS] tks dj fn;kA fQygky tks ckr is'ksut+j gS og ;g gS fd


fu'kkus jkg

155

D;k ekStwnk et+gch tquwuh dSfQ+;r esa ¼vxjps bu tquwuh vQ+jkn dh rknkn de gh D;ksa u gks½ bl ckr dk bEdku ekStwn gS ;k dksbZ ,slh tekvr ekStwn gS tks eqYd esa iwjh rjg ls vkSj iwjh dq+Oor ls vkSj reke edkfrcs fQØ ds fy;s d+kfcys dq+cwy bLykeh fut+ke ykxw dj lds\ [+kqnku[+okLrk] esjk gjfxt+ ;g eryc ugha gS fd ,slk ukeqefdu gSA jksuk rks blh ckr dk gS fd ,d lknk] lgy] bUlkunksLr vkSj bUlkQ ij ecuh et+gc dh tks 'kDy gekjs ukefugkn bLyke ds Bsdns kjksa us fcxkM+ nh gS og dSls laokjh tk,\ bLyke ds glhu vkSj [+kwclwjr psgjs dks nqfu;k ds lkeus fdl rjg ls is'k fd;k tk;s\ vki gkfy;k bfUr[k+kckr dh felky ys yhft;s fd gekjh et+gch tekvrksa us fdl rjg ls yksxksa ds vejhdk eq[k+kfyQ tT+ckr dk ^bLrsglky* (Exploit) fd;kA iwjs bfUr[k+kckr ds nkSjku et+gch tekvrksa dk ukjk gh ;gh Fkk fd og ikfdLrku ls x+SjeqYdh vM~Mksa dk [k+krek djsaxs] bLykeh fut+ke ukfQt+ djsaxs vkSj okts+g rkSj ij lsdqyj vkSj


fu'kkus jkg

156

MseksØsV tekvrksa ds eqd+kcys esa budk eksfd+Q fcydqy vykgsng FkkA bu et+gch tekvrksa us yksxksa esa ekStwn vejhdk ds f[k+ykQ uQjr dks bfUr[k+kch gjcs ds rkSj ij bLrsve~ ky fd;kA ysfdu bfUr[k+kckr xqtj+ rs gh mudh lkjh ut+fj;krh bekjr èkM+ke ls fxj iM+h vkSj tw¡ gh mUgsa ;g vUnkt+k gqvk fd gqdwer gkfly djus ds fy;s vejhdk dk v'khZokn t+:jh gS] bu et+gch jguqekvksa us Hkh vius ukjksa dks cny fn;k vkSj c;kukr Hkh cny fn;s vkSj ftl ekSfd+Q ij yksxksa us mUgsa oksV fn;s Fks ml ekSfd+Q dks NksM+ fn;k vkSj flQZ vkSj flQZ gqdew r gkfly djus ds fy;s gj fd+Le dh lsdy q j] MseksØVs vkSj bykd+kbZ ut+fj;kr dh gkfey tekvrksa ls bRrsgkn cukus Hkh 'kq# dj fn;s vkSj muds lkFk gqdew r esa 'ks;j djuk Hkh 'kq# dj fn;k] ftldk eryc gh ;g gS fd og ex+fjch nqfu;k dks ;g b'kkjk nsuk pkgrs gSa fd mudk gnQ ikfdLrku esa ,sls bLykeh fut+ke dk fuQkt+ ugha gS tks ex+fjch nqfu;k ds eQkn esa u gks cfYd og bls flQZ ,d bUrs[k+kch vkSj fl;klh ukjs ds rkSj ij bLrseky dj jgs gSAa


fu'kkus jkg

157

,ssls equkfQd+kuk fdjnkj ds gkfey jguqekvksa dh ekStwnxh esa bLykeh d+okuhu ds fuQkt+ dk ukjk bLyke vkSj eqlyekuksa ds lkFk egt+ ,d et+kd+ gSA gkยก ;g t+:j gks ldrk gS fd tujy ft+;kmy gd+ ds nkSj dh rjg ,d gh oD+r esa eqYd esa dbZ&dbZ fut+ke ukfQt+ dj fn;s tk;saA vkf[k+j esa eSa bruk t+:j vt+Z d:ยกxk vius HkkbZ rkfgj QSly 'kkg dh f[k+ner esa fd ek;wl gksus dh t+:jr ugha gS] bl eqYd esa yk[kksa cfYd djksMk+ sa eqlyeku vkidh rjg bLyke dk nnZ j[krs gSa] bl eq[k+fyl d+qOor dks tek djus dh t+:jr gS vkSj equkfQd+ jguqekvksa ls utkr gkfly djus dh ojuk bu jguqekvksa ds d+kSy o Qsy dk Vdjko fnu cfnu yksxksa dks bLykeh rgjhdksa ls nwj vkSj lsdqyj rkd+rksa ds ut+nhd djrk pyk tk;sxkA gekjs bu jguqekvksa dks ;g ckr le> ysuk pkfg;s fd lkezkt] lkezkt gksrk gS mlls nksLrh dk dksbZ bEdku ugha gksrk mlds eqd+kcys esa t+jk Hkh det+ksjh vkSj uehZ dk eqt+kgsjk ugha djuk pkfg;s D;ksafd ;g uehZ vkSj det+ksjh lkezkt dks


fu'kkus jkg

158

et+hn rkd+r Qjkge djrh gSA lkezkth rlYyqr ls vkt+knh dk jkLrk vlsEcfy;ksa ls ugha cfYd ftu xyh dwpksa esa vYykg dh og e[k+ywd+ jgrh gS tks lkezkth tq+Ye o flre dk f'kdkj gS ogkยก ls xqt+jrk gS] ;gh og lcls cM+h bafd+ykch dq+Oor gS ftldh utkr dh [k+kfrj vfEc;k dks ecml fd;k x;k vkSj ;gh og dq+Oor gS ftlus gd+hd+h bLyke dh nkor ij yCcSd dgrs gq, dS+lj o fdljk ds ,sokuksa esa yjt+k cjik dj fn;k FkkA oekvySuk bYyycykx+ glu t+Q+j ud+oh djkph


fu'kkus jkg

159

ftgkns Qkfrek vySgLlyke ;g et+ewu vHkh gky esa ys[kd us vius Hkkjr ds d+;ke ds t+ekus esa rgjhj Qjek;k] ;g Hkh mlh flyflys ls tqM+k gqvk gS tks ^fu'kkus jkg* dk fu'kkuk gSA blfy, bls Hkh ;gk¡ 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSA ¼bnkjk½

nq[r+ js jlwy ¼l0½ gt+jr Qkfrek t+gjk ¼l0½ dk ft+Ø vkrs gh ,d ,slh gLrh dk rlOoqj t+sgu esa mHkjrk gS ftldh lkjh ft+Unxh x+e mBkrs] elk,c >syrs xqt+jh gksA <kbZ rhu lky ds flu esa 'ks*cs vch rkfyc dh lf[+r;k¡] defluh esa eDdk okyksa ds gkFkksa vius cki dks bZt+k,¡ igqprs ns[kuk] ewful ¼ennxkj½ o x+exqlkj ek¡ dh tqnkbZ] pkgus okys nknk vcqrkfyc ¼v0½ dk fcNM+uk] fgtjr


fu'kkus jkg

160

dk lnek] enhus dh eqf'dy ft+Unxh( ysfdu bu reke eq'kfdyksa esa lcls cM+k lgkjk [kqn iSx+Ecjs vdje ¼l0½ dh t+krs fxjkeh Fkh] iSxE+ cj dh ekStnw xh esa 'kgt+kfn;s dkSuSu ¼l0½ gj l[+rh dks eqLdqjkdj xqt+kjrh pyh tk jgh FkhaA ysfdu cki dh tqnkbZ ds ckn flQZ 75 ;k 95 fnu brus l[+r xqt+js fd eklwek ¼l0½ us bu fnuksa dks cnrjhu vkSj l[+rrjhu fnuksa ls r'chg nh gSA ;g gS og eqlyly elk,c ls iqj ft+Unxh dh rjQ b'kkjk fd ftldh otg ls chch dk uke vkrs gh vk¡[kksa esa ueh dk vk tkuk ckbls rvTtqc ugha gksrkA ysfdu ge ;gk¡ ,d vkSj vUnkt+ esa xq¶rxw djuk pkgrs gSaA vkSj og gS eklwe&,&dkSuSu dh 'kqtkvr dk og ckc fd vxj ge FkksM+k lk x+kSj djsa rks gesa ;g ckr le> esa vk tk;sxh fd ekSyk, dk;ukr vyh bCus vch rkfyc ¼v0½ ds lkeus ejgc o vUrj] vkSj [k+Scj o [k+Und+ ftl vUnkt+ esa vk;s vki ¼v0½ us mUgsa lj fd;kA ysfdu ;gh [k+Scj o [k+Und+ tc gSnjs


fu'kkus jkg

161

djkZj ¼v0½ dh t+kStk ds lkeus nwljs vUnkt+ esa vk;s rks vkius mUgsa fdl vUnkt+ esa ts+j fd;kA ;g le>uk cgqr t+:jh gS vkf[k+j D;k ckr gS fd [+kqnk dk jlwy ¼l0½ viuh csVh dks ^^mEeq vchgk** ¼vius cki dh ek¡½ dk f[k+rkc ns jgk gSA vius ftLe dk VqDM+k d+jkj ns jgk gS] mldh fjt+k ¼et+hZ½ dks vYykg dh fjt+k vkSj mlds x+t+c dks vYykg dk x+t+c d+jkj ns jgk gSA [+kqnk dk jlwy ¼l0½ tkurk gS fd mldh csVh dksbZ vke [k+krwu ugha gS cfYd og ,d eqtkgsnk gS ,slh eqtkgsnk ftlus vius ckck dh bafd+ykch rgjhd dks cgqr ut+nhd ls ns[kk gSA og ns[k jgh gS fd tc mldk ckck eDds ds tkfgyksa dks gd+ dh rjQ vkus dh nkor nsrk gS rks og mls dSlh&dSlh vft+¸;rsa nsrs gSaA dHkh ,slk Hkh gqvk fd mu nq'eukus nhu us iSx+Ecjs vdje ¼l0½ ds ftLes vrgj ij dwM+k Qsadk ;gk¡ rd fd Å¡V dh vks>M+h ¼uvwt+q fcYykg ;kfu vYykg dh iukg½ rd Mky nhA vkSj ;g NksVh lh cPph vius ckck dh enn djrh gSA u


fu'kkus jkg

162

flQZ ;g fd iSx+Ecj ¼l0½ ds ftLe ls bl xUnxh dks nwj djrh gS cfYd ?kj okil vkdj vius nknk tukcs vcqrkfyc ls bu dq¶Qkj dh f'kdk;r djrh gS ftlds urhts esa gt+jr vcqrkfyc ¼v0½ vius csVksa] Hkrhtksa] vkSj nhxj gk'keh tokuksa ds lkFk mu dq¶Qkj ij èkkok cksyrs gSa vkSj vcqtgy tSls nq'eukus jlwy ¼l0½ dks iV[k+dj ogh x+ykt+r mlds psgjs ij ey nsrs gSaA defluh gh esa bl cPph us vius vkidks vkus okys gkykr ds fy;s rS¸;kj dj fy;k FkkA dq+njr us bl cPph ds gelj ¼oj½ ds rkSj ij vyh ¼v0½ dk bfUr[k+kc blfy, fd;k Fkk fd enksZa esa Hkh cgknqj vyh ¼v0½ ls csgrj dksbZ u Fkk vkSj vkSjrksa esa Qkfrek ¼l0½ tSlh cgknqj chch dksbZ u FkhA ;g Qkfrek t+gjk ¼l0½ dh t+kr gS fd vxj ;g u gksrha rks vgyscSrs jlwy ¼l0½ dh igpku djkus okyk dksbZ nwljk u gks ldrk FkkA ^^gqe Qkfrerq o vcwgk o cv~yqgk ocuwgk** dk


fu'kkus jkg

163

tqeyk crk jgk gS fd Qkfrek ¼l0½ ds flok ftlls ls Hkh rvk#ZQ djk;k tkrk x+Sj ds nkf[k+ys dk bedku ekStwn jgrk gSA ;gh og gLrh gS tks fjlkyr] foyk;r vkSj beker dks eqRrfgn vkSj egQwt+ dj nsrh gSA taxs vksgn esa eSnku dh rjQ tkuk jlwy ¼l0½ vkSj vyh ¼v0½ ds t+[+eksa dh ns[kHkky] mudh rhekjnkjh] defluh esa ?kjckj dh ft+EesnkjhA ;g 'kjQ Qkfrek dk gS fd mldh vkSykn] vkSykns jlwy dgyk;h] gluSu ¼beke glu o gqlSu½ dh lwjr esa bLyke ds eqgkfQt+ rS;kj djuk vkSj tSu+ c ¼l0½ o mEes dqylwe ¼l0½ tSlh 'ksjfny csfV;k¡ tks Qkfrek tSlh ek¡ dh vkx+ks'k esa ijofj'k ikdj dwQs o 'kke ds ckt+kjksa vkSj njckjksa dks vius [+kqrcksa ls fgykdj j[k nsaxhA vxj vki tukcs tS+uc ls iwNsaxs fd rd+jhj dk ;g ckfryf'kdu ¼ckfry rksM+½ vUnkt+ fdl ls lh[kk rks eq>s ;d+hu gS fd tokc ;gh feysxk fd ;gh ckfryf'kdu vUnkt+ fn[kkus ds fy;s rks esjh


fu'kkus jkg

164

ek¡ tsgjk ¼l0½ eq>s x+kflc ds njckj esa ys x;h FkhaA vkSj gd+hd+r Hkh ;gh gS fd nq[+rjs jlwy ¼l0½ ds lkeus vkus okys reke nkSj FksA ojuk ekys nqfu;k ls vgyscSr dks D;k ljksdkj gks ldrk FkkA fQnd rks ,d cgkuk FkkA t+kfyeksa ds tq+Ye dks vk'dkj djus dkA cd+kSys ^^ljks'k** ds %& eSa rsjs dq+ckZu 'kgt+knh fQnd ds fd+Lls esa ;g fl;klr tks rw u mBrh rks mB u ldrk] f[k+ykQrs x+kflck dk inkZ

glu ¼v0½] gqlSu ¼v0½] tS+uc ¼l0½] mEes dqylwe ¼v0½] tSls eqtkfgn cPpksa dks ,d eqtkfgnk ek¡ dh vkx+ks'k njdkj gSA vkSj dk;ukr esa ,sls cgknqj blfy, ugha fey ldrs fd fdlh cPps dks Qkfrek ¼l0½ tSlh ek¡ ugha fey ldrhA fQ+nd dk ekjdk Fkk fd flok; [k+krwus tUur ¼tukcs t+gjk l0½ ds bls dksbZ lj u dj ldrk FkkA gkykr o okds+vkr bl rjg ds gks x;s Fks fd Qkrsgs [k+Scj o [k+Und+ gSnjs djkZj ¼v0½ vxj ryokj dks csfu;ke djrs rks bLyke VqDM+s&VqDM+s


fu'kkus jkg

165

gks tkrk vkSj vcqrkfyc ds csVs ij gqdwer dh [k+kfrj [k¡wjst+h djus dk bYt+ke Fkksi fn;k tkrkA lkft+'k djus okys [+kq'k Fks fd mUgksaus ,d rjQ+ vyh ¼v0½ ls mldk gd+ Nhu fy;k gS vkSj nwljh rjQ vyh ¼v0½ dks tq+yfQ+d+kj ds bLrseky ls Hkh jksd fn;k gSA ,sls esa nq[+rjs jlwy ¼l0½ eSnkus vey esa vkrh gSa vkSj vius rkjh[k+h [+kqrcs ls ckfry dks vcnh #LokbZ ls nkspkj djrh gSaA vc d+;ker rd ckfry fQnd dh #LokbZ ls ihNk NqM+kuk pkgrk gS exj fQnd uax o vkj ¼ft+Yyr o #LokbZ½ cudj ckfry ds lkFk gSA ;gh og efLtns ucoh esa fn;k tkus okyk [+kqRck gS ftl esa 'kgt+kfn&,&dkSuSu nwljh [+okrhu ds vykok viuh eklwe cfPp;ksa tS+uc ¼l0½ vkSj mEes dqylwe ¼l0½ dks Hkh gejkg ykbZ Fkha rkfd nksuksa 'kgt+kfn;k¡ ek¡ ds ygts dks vPNh rjg t+sguu'khu dj ysa vkSj fny esa mrkj ysaA Qkfrek t+gjk ¼l0½ dh eq[+rlj lh t+kfgjh ft+Unxh rohy ftgkn ls evewj ¼Hkjh iqjh½ gSA


fu'kkus jkg

166

Qkfrek ¼l0½ ds flok dksbZ [k+krwu ugha tks jlwy ¼l0½ ds ckn vkus okys t+ekus esa eqlyeku [+okrhu ds fy;s uewu&,&vey cu ldsA nq[+rjs jlwy ¼l0½ us csVh cudj] choh cudj] vkSj ek¡ cudj gj fdjnkj dks vt+er vrk dj nhA vki us crk fn;k fd vkSjr flQ+Z flUQs ukt+qd gh ugha cfYd oD+r iM+us ij ckfry rkd+rksa ds fy;s dkjh t+jc ¼l[+r pksV igq¡pkus okyh½ Hkh cu ldrh gSA nqfu;k dk gj cM+k bUlku ,d vt+he vkx+ks'k esa ijofj'k ikrk gSA bl eq[+rlj lh xq¶rxw dks bl iSx+ke ij [k+Re djuk pkgrk gw¡ fd ,s Qkfrek t+gjk ¼l0½ ls eqgCcr djus okyh chfc;ksa rqe csVh gks] cgu gks] t+kStk ;k ek¡ gks] gj fj'rk vt+he fj'rk gS ;g reke fj'rs eqgCcrksa ds fj'rs gSaA ysfdu oD+r iM+us ij bu reke eqgCcrksa dks nhu ij dSls fuNkoj fd;k tkrk gS ;g nq[+rjs jlwy ¼l0½ ls lh[kksA vkx+ks'ks t+gjk ¼l0½ dh rjfc;r dk vlj dcZyk esa ns[kksA fdl rjg gqlSu ¼v0½ vkSj t+Suc ¼l0½ us reke eqgCcrksa dks ukuk ds nhu


fu'kkus jkg

167

ij fuNkoj dj fn;kA [kqnk;k! gesa rSQhd+ ns fd ge eknjs gqlSu ¼v0½ ds ftgkn dks le> ldsaA vkSj iSx+ke lqu ldsaA

,s tchus eq L rQk ;g rks crk fdrus flTnksa dk flyk gS Qkfrek ¼l0½


fu'kkus jkg

168

ys[kd dh nwljh fdrkcsa 1& 2& 3& 4&

rkjh[k+s dkck ¼mnw½Z beker vkSj eqywfd;r ¼mnwZ½ beker ,.M eqywfd;r ¼vaxzst+h½ gqlSfu;r vkt+ekb'k ds eSnku esa ¼mnw½Z 5& bjrsd+k, bUlkfu;r esa eklwehu dk fdjnkj ¼mnw½Z 6& vehjs eq[+rkj ¼mnw½Z 7& vehjs eq[+rkj ¼vaxzst+h½ 8& foyk;rs eklwehu¼v0½ ¼mnw½Z 9& fu'kkus jkg ¼mnw½Z 10& nhu balku dh fQrjh t+:jr¼mnw½Z ¼izl s es½a 11& bLyke esa [+okrhu ds gqd+wd+¼mnw½Z ¼izl s es½a

03 nishan e raah by maulana syed hasan zafar naqvi jaisi karachi publish by noore hidayat foundation