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KW

e RB aHm i n m anesc k þ I r ay m ay eT Ak ñ ú g Ga r m μ N _

epSg ² / PaBén ÉkeKÁ a enaH eQμ a Hfa ÉkKÁ t a edI m ,I s Emþ g

é Rk E l gC a gv i c a r³

.

e Qμ a Hf a

e RB aHs m aF i en aH mi nmanv i tk á ³ m an Etv i ca r . s U m, I k ñ ú g y : ag GacarüB Y kx ø H k ¾ k a t ; e cj

B Y k 4 m anG F i b , ayT u k eh I y . kñ ú gBY k 6 s ti e n aHÉ g e RB a Hek I teL I ge r Oy ² e TI b eQ μ a H fa

e TI beB alf a c i t þ s S .

smK Y rdl ; k u l bu tþ G ñ kb Y s e daysT § a e la k i e y a

vdþ³

elakeB alfa

3

.

sPaBénci t þ E dlmanGarmμ N _ E tmY y enaH mi n EmnstV elak

kñ ú gBY kT I 2 bT f a

G v i t k á v i c a r me tþ a

GnusSti

m ü : a ge T ot

zan³EdlKY r R b RBw tþ e TAx ø H

/

e Q μ a H fa

GnusSti

e RB a H

e RB aH R bRB w tþ e TA k ñ ú g

G n u s S t i ekI t eL I g ® )a rB § d l ;


- 3 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

RBHB u T § Ca m © a s;

eQμ aH f a

BuT§anusSti

bTen H

- 4 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

CaeQμ a H é n

sti EdlmanKu N RBHBu T § manRBHGrhnþ C aedI m CaGarmμ N _ . E dleQμ a Hf a

G v i e kç e ) a

CaeQμ a Hrbs; s ti

EdlmanKu N éncaK³

e TA ehI y .

e RB a Hs PaB én ci t þ ma nGa rm μ N _ E t

G n u s S t i ek I teL I g® )a rB § n U v e TvtaTa M gLay eQμ a Hfa

m Y y e d ayGM N a cénBu T § a nu s St i e n a HÉ g mi nraymay eRBa H

e Tv t an u s St i i

C a bd i b kç é n esckþ I raymay )andl; ] T § c © .

sT § aC ae dI m r bs; xø Ü n

G n u s Sti ekI t eL I g

e RB aH ® ) arB§ RB H Fm ’

eQ μ a H f a

/

bTen H

k ñ ú gsm aF i e Rc I n R be PT

l ¥ e h I y Cae dI m C a Ga rm μ N _ .

e dI mf a

m an RB Hs g , Ca Gñ k R bt i btþ i l ¥ eh I y C aed I m C a Garm μ N _ . GnusSti

e k I t eLI g ®) a rB § n U v sI l

eQ μ aHf a

sIla-

CaGarm μ N _

t aM geTv taT u k k ñ ú g z an³C a

kñ ú g BY k 7 bTfa smaFi k u s lta sPaBCaGñ k Qø a s

E dlm an Gt ß én RBHFm’ E dlRB Hma n RB H P aKC a m© as ; Rt as ; T u k

s S t i bTen H CaeQ μ a H rbs ; s t i E dl manK u N RB Hs g, E dl

CaeQ μ a H r bs; s t i E dlm an Ku N é n

s ak SI .

F m μ a n u s S t i / bTen H CaeQ μ a Hé n s ti Edlman K u N RBH Fm ’

G n u s S t i ekI teL I g® )a rB § RB Hsg, eQ μ aH f a s g , a n u -

Edlxø Ü n )anlHbg;

bTen H

e d a y Rbe P T m ans ma Fi

en H Cas ma Fi y : a ge n H

/

1

y:agCa

e n HC asm a Fi y: a ge n H

CaeQ μ a H rbs ; b B a Ø a kM N t ; s ma F i

.

.

P aB CaG ñ k qø a t

e da yvi FI e FV I [s ma F i e kI t e RB aHC a G ñ k q ø a tk ñ ú gsm aF i . bTfa s ma F i s S s ma b t þ i k u s lta PaB C aGñ kQø as kñ ú g karcU l smaFi

)andl;

PaBCaGñ k qø a tkñ ú g karcU l smaFi

n u s S t i / bTen H CaeQμ a H rbs ; s ti Edlman Ku N r bs ; s I l

E dle FV I [ ek I teh I y . ed aybT Edlel akeB aldl; P aB Ca

K W s I l rbs ; x ø Ü nm i n dac ; Ca ed I m .

G ñ k CM najkñ ú gk a rcU l smaFi .

G n u s S t i ekI teL I g® )a rB § n U v ca K c a K a n u s St i / b T e n H

bTfa s ma F i s S

z i t i k u s l ta P aB C aG ñ k Q ø ask ñ ú g


- 5 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 6 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

k a r ta M gen Aé nsm aF i )andl ; Pa BC a Gñ k qø at k ñ ú g k ar t aM g e n A

P m r Ca t i c U l e TAkan ; k E nø gE dlm i n s ¥ at

é nsm aF i

e TA k an ; ] T üanE dles μ a K e R K aK

E dlseRmceh I y e d ay R béB

C a b; t Kñ ae TA én ci t þ

.

edaybTE dlel akeB aldl ; P aB C a

G ñ k CM naj én kartaM gen A m ü : a gv i j e T o t

e d a yGM N ac k a r

cM ENkPi k ç ú N aC R mH Fm ’ jú a M gGa ka r

r E mg e cj e T Ae d a y R bj ab;

m Y y rM e B cd U e cñ a H .

.

k al RB He y a Kavc r e n aH

ni g d U c RB H raC a c U l

eh I y c U l Q an

/

EdlGn þ ra ydl ; s m a Fi ) an

Pi kç ú enaHrE mgc U l Qansmabt þ i ) an

TaM g enaH[dl; R Bm edaykarkan; y kni m i t þ rEmgseRmcRtw m

rh U t Gs ; é f¶ dU c Pm rC a t i c U l e TAkan ; kEn ø gE dls¥ a t / n i g

E t Gb ,n ab u : e N Ñ aH / m i n yW ty U r . c M E Nkzan³ Edly W t y U r

d U cRB H r aC acU l eT Ak an; ]T üanEdll ¥ s ¥ a t rEm ge n A ) an rh U t

E mg m an

G s; éf¶ . d U cEdl bu ra Na c a rüeB alT u k f a H

.

e RB aH C Rm HF m’ E dl C aGn þ r aydl ; s maF i T u k e d ay

B i tN as;

Pi k ç ú N a RK bs gá t ; k amc ö nÞ ³ed aykarB i c a -

rNaeTasrbs ; ka mCa ed I m

Tu km i n ) anl ¥

/

k a re FV I e s ckþ I

eRKatRKattampø Ú v kay edaykaybsST§ i [ s¶ b ; mi n )anl¥ / kardkecjnU v fI n mi T § ³

edaykarykci t þ T u k dak; d l; G armÖ F atu

® ) a rB § n U v esck þ I B ü ay am m i n )anl ¥ ku k á ú c © ³

/

ka r dk ecj nU v]T § c© -

edaykarykci t þ T u k dak; d l; s mfni m i t þ

k a r C Rm HFm’ E dlG nþ ra ydl ; s maFi m i n ) anl ¥

kaems u qn Þ M bd i X M v i e na Te y

]T § c © f I n M

v i c i k i c ä b B a © m M / v i e v k ) am u C ¢ k e r n e c ts a raCav s u T § n þ K e t a th w r e m . RBHeyaKavcr Gñ km an c i t þ e FV I esckþ I ) ae ma C¢ ³ k ñ ú gv i e v k K b ,I dkecjn U v esck þ I e Bj c i t þ k ñ ú gk am Ta M g Lay

esckþ I x w g

/

eRka F esckþ I r aymay esckþ I T as ; c i tþ n i ges ckþ I s gS ½ y

eh I y k ¾ c U l

T a M g 5 e n H / d U c RB Hr a Ca cU l e TAkan ; k Enø gEdlmanre b ob

mi n )anl¥

Qan / Pi k ç ú e na H rEm ge cj cakQ an ed ay el On rh½ s d U c

e r o br y RTg; k¾ s BV RB HT ½ y k ñ ú gT I e n aH .


- 7 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH dU ec ñ aH el ak eT I b eB alT u kfa E dlRB He ya K avc r Gñ k manbM N gnw g taM g enArhU t Gs; k alyU r C as R tÚ v eh I y

eT I b cU l Q an

G ñ kQø ask ñ ú gk a rjú a M g vi F I e n aH

Kb,I C RmHFm’ E dl

E dlel akeB aldl; P aB Ca [dl; RB meh I y

eT I b j ú aM g

s m a Fi [ ta M ge nA)any U r . bTfa

s m a Fi s S

k ñ ú gk a re cj ca ks m aFi e cj ca ks m a Fi

- 8 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

C m ¶ W PaB G ñ k m i n ma n e ra K e Q μ a H fa k l ø t a . k a rQW el ak eB al fa G k l ø e k a s U m ,I kñ ú gv i n ½ y elakk¾ eB alT u k fa n a h M Penþ

G kl ø e k a

´ mi n TT Y l karQW c ab ;

kñ ú g karjú a M g karmi n manGaBaFénsmaFi

.

PaB C aG ñ k Q ø as

edaykarmi n manesckþ I

® ) a fñ ad ¾ l am k Edl Ca sR t Ú v énkar)anQan v u d æ a n k u s lta

)andl ;

PaB CaG ñ kQø as

P aB Ca G ñ kQø ask ñ ú gk a r

eday karecjtamevla

Edlk M N t; T u kén

s m a Fi E dl )a nR b RBw t þ e TA ehI yta mes ck þ I e Bj c i t þ ed ay

eB alT u kk ñ ú g Gng Á N s U R t

n i gv tß ú s U R t

d U cEdlelak

edaykar®)a scak

] bk á i e lsé nc i tþ ma nGP i CÄ aC aed I m / elakeB alfa PaB C a Gñ k Qø a sévkñ ú g PaBgayRsÜ l kñ ú g smaFi KW PaBCaGñ k Qø a s k ñ ú gP aB CaGñ km i n m anC m ¶ W K W k i e ls .

e l a ke FV I Caq d æ I v i Pt þ i E dl cu H

m ü : a ge T ot b T fa k l ø t a )andl ; PaB Ca G ñ kK Y rdl ;

k ñ ú gG t ß é n bB a© mI v i Pt þ i d U ck ñ ú g R bey a Km an CaG a T× f a ys S ab i

k a r ga r e RB aHB a kü fa k l ø C ae v v cn ³ r bs; k m μ B a Ø t a P aB

FmμM

bu rsK b ,I dw g c, as ; n U v Fm’ s U m , I G M B I

C a G ñ k K Y r dl ; k a rg a r . dU cE dlel akeB al fa y a c i t þ s S

b u KÁ l Na . ed aybT Edlel akeB aldl; P aB Ca G ñ k C M naj

G k l ü t a G k m μ B a Ø t a karEdlci t þ mi nsmRbkb ka rEdlci t þ

k ñ ú gk a re cj ca ks m aFi .

m i n K Y rdl ; k a r ga r

k a r Ca b ; b n þ K ñ a

buriesa

bTfa

.

K b, I R Ca bf a

v i C Ba Ø a

s ma F i s S

k l ø t a k u s l ta

k ñ ú gP aB gay Rs Ü l k ñ ú g s maFi

esck þ I f a

PaBC a Gñ k Q ø a s P aB C aG ñ km i n m an

ci t þ K Y r dl; k argar rN³

.

/

n i gf a

kløcitþM

muTucitþM

ci t þ K Y r dl; P aBTn; P ø n ;

v i n I v r N ci t þ M

ci t þ ® )ascaknI v -


- 9 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 10 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

k l ø s ½ B Þ k ñ ú g bT enHmanes ck þ I fa KY rdl ; k a rg a r . e RB aH

e da yk a rkM N t; G gÁ 1

d U e cñ a H elakeT I b eB alT u kf a Pa BC a Gñ kQø as kñ ú gk a rj ú a M g

e da yk a rkM N t; G a rm μ N _ 1

P aB C M n aj é nsm aFi e d aykarhV w k hat; c i tþ

b ¤ e da yG ak a r 1 5 e pþ I m bT f a e d a y ka r kM Nt ; G gÁ n i g

e d ayG ak a r

y : agTa M gen H KW H e da yG nu el amé nksi N 1

14

G a r mμ N _ 1 . bTfa

smaFisS

e K a c r k u s l ta

PaBC a Gñ k Q ø a s

e da ybd i e l amé nksi N 1

k ñ ú ge Ka c réns ma F i es ckþ I f a P aB C aG ñ kQø as kñ ú gG a r mμ N _

e da yG nu el ambd i e l amé nksi N 1

m an ks i N Ca ed I m

e da yG nu el amé nQan 1

e na H ed ay k arj ú aM ges c kþ I n w kK i ttamesckþ I e Bj ci t þ e RB aH

e da ybd i e l amé nQan 1

b M N gn w gc U l QanenaH ² . edaybTE dlel akeBaldl ;

e da yG nu el ambd i e l amé nQan 1

PaBCaGñ k CM n aj kñ ú g karnw k Ki t edaykarnw k Ki t dl; k si N .

e d a yk a rQa n c U l eTAkan; Q an 1

E d l Ca TI eKacréns maF i kñ ú g Ga r mμ N _ T aM g

m ü : a gv i j eTot

PaBCaGñ k Q ø a s kñ ú ge Ka créns m aF i

e da yQanc U l eT Ak an; ks i N 1

edayGM N ackarBRgI k eTAkñ ú g Ti s aPaKenaH ² ni g edayGM N ac

e d a yk a rQa n c U l eTAkan; Q an ni g ksi N 1

k a r ta M gT u k é nks i N E dlRt w m RtÚ v ehI yy : a genH .

e d a yk a rQa n e T A kan ; GgÁ 1

bTfa smaFi s S GPi n I h arku s lta PaBCaGñ k Qø a s

e d a yk a rQa n e T A kan ; Ga r mμ N _ 1

k ñ ú gk a r Rb mU l mkn U v smaFi

e d a yk a rQa n e T A kan ; GgÁ n i gGa r m μ N _ 1

karbeg¥ a neTAkñ ú g karjú a M g smaFi e pSg ² edayn½ y mansPaB

es ckþ I fa

P aBC a Gñ k Q ø a s kñ ú g


- 11 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

d U cK ñ a

e d a y ka r be g¥ a n cU l eT Aka n ; s maF i x < s ;

N as;

]bcar³Qan dl; PaBCM n aj

²

- 12 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

.

Bit

y k ci tþ T u k d a k;

Edle FV I [c i tþ m i n ray ma y .

rEm g be g¥ anc U l eT A

bTfa smabtþ i k u s lta PaBCaGñ k Qø a skñ ú g smabtþ i

edI m ,I R beyaCn_ d l; b zmCÄan b¤ e dI m ,I R beyaCn_ d l; v i b sSna .

)andl; PaBCaGñ k Qø a skñ ú g karykci t þ T u k dak; j ú a M g GgÁ Q an

bzmCÄanCaedI m k¾ y : a genaH rEmgbeg¥ a ncU l eTAedI m ,I R beyaCn_

[®)akddl ; G ñ kc U l Qan .

dl; T u t i y CÄanCaedI m b¤ e dI m ,I R beyaCn_ d l; v i b sSna / ctu -

bTfa

z i t i k u s l ta

P aB C aG ñ kQø as kñ ú gk a r ta M gen A

t ß CÄ an rEmgbe g ¥ a nc U l e TAed I m ,I R beyaCn_ d l ; GrU bsm a bt þ i

)andl ; P aB Ca G ñ k Q ø a sk ñ ú g k ary k ci tþ T u k d a k; E dlsmaFi

b ¤ e dI m, I Rb ey a Cn _ d l ; G P i B aØ a e dI m , I R beyaCn _ d l ; v i b sS na /

® ) a kd mi nraymay .

GakasanBa© ay tn ³ rE mg be g¥ an c U l eTAe dI m ,I RbeyaCn _ d l ;

bTfa

v u d æ a n k u s l ta

P a B C a Gñ k Q ø ask ñ ú g k a re cj

b¤edIm,IRbeyaCn_dl;vibsSna

)andl ; ka r dw g kñ ú gk are cjc a knI vrN³kñ ú gb z mC Ä a n / ka r

PaBCaGñ k Qø a skñ ú g karbeg¥ a ncU l eTAénsmaFi k ñ ú g jaNenaH ²

dw g kñ ú g karecjcakGgÁ Q anTaM g 3 / kardw g kñ ú g karecjcak

edayRbkary: a genH . k¾ e RBaHbBaØ a eQμ a Hfa PaBénesckþ I

G a r mμ N _ é nG rU bsm abt þ i

Qø as

raymayénlkç N ³Edl man RbmaNéRkEl g

viBaØaNBa©aytn³CaedIm

/

bB a Ø a e n aH

m i n Em ns m a Fi

/

d U e c ñ a H Kb , I R Cabfa

/

k ar d w g k ñ ú g ka re cj ca ke s ckþ I /

kardw g k ñ ú g

s m a Fi 7 y : ag elak eB aled ay G M N a cbB aØ a EdlRbRB w tþ

k a re cj cak es ck þ I e Bj ci tþ r bs ; x ø Ü n kñ ú gk alm an TI b M p u t n i g

e TA k ñ ú gsma F i .

k al ma n ki c © Edl KY reF V I kñ ú gR K acu g eRkay .

cM E NkGacarüBY k xø H eBalfa bTfa smaFi ku s lta PaBCaGñ k Qø a skñ ú g smaFi )andl; PaBCaGñ k Qø a skñ ú g kar

bTfa k l ø t a k u s l ta PaB CaG ñ k Q ø ask ñ ú g P aB ga y RsÜ l )andl;

PaBCaGñ k Qø a skñ ú g PaBgayRsÜ l énsmaFi


- 13 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 14 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH c i t þ s b,ay ragkaysb,ay Gah a rsb,ay esna-

e mþ c ? r U )av cr³Ca b; Tak ; Tg

sn³sb,ay ni gb u KÁ l sb,ay .

eBalTu k edayn½ y manCaGaT× f a ehdæ e ta RBhμ e lakM bri y nþ M

bTfa )andl ;

e Ka c r k u s lta

PaBCaGñ kQø ask ñ ú ge Ka c r

es ckþ I d w g ed I m , I k a rk M N t; G a rm μ N _

/

es ck þ I d w g

G P i n I h a r k u s l ta

]brieta

Gkniedæ

e Tev

G e n þ a k ri t V a

d U cEdl el ak

x ag eR k amj ú aM g

RBh μ e l ak[ m anT I b M p u t x ag el I j ú a M g C an ; Gk ni dæ C aT I b M pu t . kñ ú g esckþ I e nHmanvcntß ³ dU c teTAenH eQμ a Hfa rU ) avcr eRBaH

e dI m, I B Rg I ke TA k an ; T i s es ckþ I d w ged I m , I k ar c e Rm I n . bTfa

kritVa

ni g rU ) av cr F m’

P aB C aG ñ kQø as kñ ú gk a r

G t ß fa r U b )andl ; r U b kç n § rEm g Rt a c ; e T Akñ ú grU b PB e n H / mi n

beg¥ an cU l e TA )andl ; karb eg¥ anc i tþ c U l eTA e daykar y k

E mn ka m PB

.

e RB aHfa

s U m , I r U b kç n §

c i t þ T u k dak; e da yR béBkñ ú gsm aF i e n a H ² / k al ] b ca r³ d l ;

d U ck ñ ú g B a kü f a rU b k ç e n § a r U b M

el akk ¾ e B al fa

rU b kç n § C a r U b .

esckþ I C M n ajehI y rEmgnaM c i t þ c U l eTAkñ ú g bzmCÄan / rEmg

m ü : a g e T o t r U b RB h μ e n aH ma n 1 6 C an; K W H

n a M c i tþ cU l eTAkñ ú gQanx < s ;

RBh μ ) a ri s C ¢ ³ 1

m a bt þ i n i g k ñ ú gvi bsS na GacarüTaM g L ay e nH

y: a ge n H f a

²

ma n kñ ú gG P i B a Ø a

kñúgGrUbs-

RBh μ b u e r ah i t 1

. rE mg BN’ naes ck þ I é n bT Ta M gLa y

P aB é n e s ckþ I Q ø as kñ ú gka rbe g¥ anc U l eT A

kñ u ú g B Y kT I 8 m an Gt ß d U ceB aleh I y . F m’ C a rU )avcr³

b ri tþ a Pa 1 Gb ,m aN aPa 1

k ñ ú gsm aF i e n aH ² e dayRbkard U e c ñ H .

kñ ú gBY kT I 9 bTfa r U ) a v ce r a

mhaRBh μ 1

GaPsSra 1 etI d U c

b ri tþ s u Pa 1

rUb


- 15 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 16 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

Gb,maNs u P a 1

d U cst V T a M g Lay EdlRtac; eT Ael I e K ak ni g R ta c ; e T Ak ñ ú gT w k

suPkiNða 1

sU m ,I s tV T aM g enaHnw g mi n enAkñ ú g TI m i n EmnelI e Kak

GsBa Ø I s t þ 1

kñ ú g Tw k k¾ e hAfa Rtac; e TAelI e Kak b¤ R tac; e TAkñ ú g Tw k dU e cñ a H .

evh b ö l a 1

m ü : a gv i j eTot eQμ a Hf a r U ) a v c r e RB aHj ú aM g bd i s n § i [ R t ac ;

G vi h a 1

e TA k ñ ú g rU b K W r U b PB . bTfa

Gtb,a 1

hIena

e f akTab

)andl ;

mi n EmnenA

lamk

c M eNaménsmaFi efakT ab

s u T sS I 1

m e C Äa kN þ a l ) az ³ fa m C Ä i e m a mC Ä w m x ø H

G k ni dæ a 1

dU c Kñ a / smaFi d l; P aBCaRbFan eQμ a Hfa bNI e ta RbNI t el akeBalfa

KW

rU )a v c r³ e n aH

f a C arU b

/

PB k ñ ú g

s u T sS a 1

E dlBi t

ni gsm a Fi RbN I t

.

e Qμ a Hf a

. m an e s c kþ I

esckþ I f a RbesI r x< g ; x < s ; . Kb,I R Cab smaFi T aM g enaHeday

e RB aHl u bbT xa ge Rkay / eQμ aH f a r U ) avcr e RB a HR t ac ; eT A

k a r Rb k bT u k

kñ ú g rU b enaH . mü: a gvi j eTot rU b KW rU b PB / eQμ a Hfa rU ) avcr

énsmaFi N aEdlefakTab / smaFi e naH eQμ a Hfa hI n . Fm’

e RB aH R t ac; e TA k ñ ú g rU b PB enaH

smaF i e nH R t ac;

TaM g enaHénsmaFi N a EdlCakNþ a l / smaFi e naH eQμ a Hfa

eTAsU m ,I k ñ ú g kamPB kalEdlRtac; e TAkñ ú g TI d éT elakk¾ e Bal

mCÄi m . PaBénsmaFi N aEdlRbNI t / smaFi e naHeQμ a Hfa

fa

bNIt

rU )av crPB

.

B i t N as ;

d U c s tV dM r I ) aneQ μ a H fa

s g Á a m av c r

Rtac; eTAkñ úgs®gÁ am sUm,I Rtac; e TAkñ úgRkú g k¾ ehAfa

e RB a H

sgÁamavcr /

/

.

kñ ú gxN ³ Rb kbq n Þ ³

v I ri y³

b ¤ s ma F i R t w m E t [e kI t eL I geQμ a Hf a

c e Rm I n mi ns U v F ¶ n ; l ¥ eQ μ a H fa

mCÄim /

c i tþ

b¤vImMsa

hIn

/

kar

k a r ce Rm I n y : agl ¥


- 17 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

é R kEl gdl ; P aB CM naj

eQμ aHf a

bNIt

- 18 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

manT M n gd U cK ñ a

d U ct eT AenH

se Rmcedayv i b s Sn aena H

eT I b eQμ a Hf a

Gnimitþ-

s m aF i . GF i b , ay fa sm aFi E dlev o r ca kn i m i tþ EdleT og .

e da yn ½ y d U c e BalehI y k ñ ú g rU ) av c rs m aFi . Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g bTmanCaGaT× f a

s m a Fi

su B aØ e ta

k ale cj ca km KÁ E dl ek I tehI y

smaFi

e d ayG n tþ a -

B i t N as ;

s m aF i e na H

rEm g Rb RB w tþ eT Aed ay G ak a r

R b RB w t þ e TA eh I y é nvi bsS na

.

Edl

kale cj ca km K Á E dl ek I t

Gñ ke XI j t aml M d ab ; é nv i b s Sn a

ehI y eday Tu k ç a nu b sSna eRBaHvi b sSnaenaHRbRBw t þ e TAehI y

fa seBV sgç a ra Gni c © a Tu k ç a Gntþ a sgç a rTaM g LayTaM g BY g

edaybdi b kç c M e BaHesckþ I ® )afñ a / dU e cñ a HeTI b eQμ a Hfa Gb,-

m i n eT o g

Rb RB w t þ e T A

N i h i t s ma F i s m a Fi E dlev o rc ak n U v esck þ I ® ) a fñ a . e R B a H

Edlmi n

smaFi e naH rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAedayGakarRbRBw t þ e TAehI y eday

n u b s Sn aén RB He y a Ka v c r

C a Tu kç

CaGn tþ a

e RB aHv i b s Sna en a H

eh I y e d ay P aB C a rbs ; s U n ük ñ ú g sg ç arTa M g Lay

m an t Y x ø Ü n / d U e cñ aHeT I b eQμ a Hf a s u B a Ø t a . G r i y mKÁ smaF i

v i b s Sn a

seRmcedaysu B aØ t aenaH eQμ a Hfa su B aØ t smaFi / GFi b ,ay

el akkan ; y ke d a ys m a Fi 3 T a M g e n aH . E te l a kmi nel I k

fa

ykRbePTé nsmaF i m an s m aFi e f ak Ta bC ae dI m e RB a Hel a -

s m aFi E dlR b RBw t þ eT Aeh I y e da yG M N ac é n

suBaØt

.

B i t N as ; s m a Fi en aH rE mgRbRB w t þ e TAedayGak arEdlv i b -

K b, I R Ca b fa

s U m , I p ls ma F i k¾ dU ecñ aH

Edl

k u t þ r s m aF i Cas ma F i E dl RbNI t . kñ ú gBY k 10 Kb ,I RCabv i n i c ä ½ y kñ ú gb Tm an C aGa T × f a H

sSnaRbRB w t þ eT Aeh I y . kalecjcakmKÁ E dlekI t ehI y eday

.

Gni c © a nu b sSna

] T § ú m a t ks B a Ø a vesn ed ayGM N ac k a rsM K al ; s aksBE d l

eRBaHvi b sSnaenaHRbRBw t þ e TAehI y edaybdi b kç c M e BaHni m i t þ f a

eh I me ): ag

e T og . d U e cñ aHeT I b eQμ a Hf a G n i m i t þ v i b s S n a

e ) : a geL I g ²

.

G ri ym K Á -

eQμ a Hf a

]T§úmatkM

e RB a HeL I g e ): a g

ta ml M d ab ; x a gel I ed ayxül ;

e d a y ka r

dU ce RKÓgbU m


- 19 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

x ül;

e RB a H Gs ; C I v i t

.

ka re) : ageL I g enaHÉg

- 20 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

eQμ a Hf a

vi c ä i T Þ M / saksBEdldac; C akM N at; e naHÉg eQμ a Hfa vi c ä i T Þ k M .

] T § ú m a t k M . m ü : a ge T ot e Q μ a Hf a ] T § ú m a t k M e RB a Heh I m e) : ag

m ü : a ge T ot

K Y r[ex < I m e RB aH C avtß ú b di k U l / bTenHCaeQμ aHénsaksB

k M N a t; KY r[ ex < I m e RB aH C avtß ú b d i kU l . bTen H CaeQμ aHén

E dleX I j e naH .

s aksB Edld a c; B a k; k Nþ al .

BN’ E dlEbkecjehAfa vi n I l M BN’ e xovKY r [ex< I m / BN ’ e x ov K Y r [ex < I men aH É g

vinIlkM

.

vicäiTÞkM

e RB aHs a ksB

E dld a c; C a

s aksB eQμ a Hf a v i k ç a y i t M eRB aHRtÚ v Eq á Rs ú k n i g Eqá

eQμ a H fa

cckCaedI m xaM s u I x agenH ni g xagenaH edayGakarepSg ² /

v i n I l k M e RB aHBN ’ e xo v KY r[ex < I m e RB aH C av tß ú b di k U l . bT

K Y reB al fa v i k ç a y i t M el akeB al fa v i k ç a y i t k M el akeQμ a H

e nH C aeQμ aH éns a ksB ma nBN ’ Rkh m k ñ ú gk En ø g Edl man

f a v i k ç a y i t k M saksBE dlRt Ú v s t V x aM s u I / m ü: ag vi j eT o t

s ac ; e R cI n

eQμ a Hfa

/

e Qμ aH f a

e Q μ aH f a

manBN ’ e x ov k ñ ú g kEn ø g Edlebom xÞ ú H

e R cI nmanBN ’ e x ov

k ñ ú gk En ø g manBN ’ e x ov

e da y

Rse d og sM B t;

dN þ b; B N ’ e x ov .

vi k ç a yi t kM

e RB aH C a rbs ; b d i kU l

eRBaHsaksBEdlRtÚ v stV x aM s u I K Y r ex< I m .

bT en H

CaeQ μ a H é n s aksB E d l

e XI j ehI y enaH .

xÞ ú H hU r ecjkñ ú g kEnø g EdlEs,keRbHEbk eQμ a Hfa ví b u B M V /

s aksB Edlx © at; x © ay eT Akñ ú g kE nø ge pS g ² eQ μ a H fa

xÞ ú H hU r enaHÉg eQμ a Hfa v í b u B V k M . eQμ a Hf a v í b u B V k M eRB aHxÞ ú H

vi k i ç t þ M

h U re cjK Y r[ ex < I m

eQμ a Hfa vi k ç i t þ k M eRBaHsaksBx© a t; x © a yKY r ex< I m e R B a HC av tß ú

e RB aH C avtß ú b d i kU l

.

b T en HC aeQ μ a H

é nsa ksB E dleXI j e naH . s aksB Edle da yd ac; ecj C a

bdi k U l 2

kMNat;

eh Afa

saksBEdlx© a t; x © a yenaHÉg

.

bTenHCaeQμ a H

eQμ a Hfa

vi k i ç t þ k M

/

énsaksBEdlx© a t; x © a yeTABI T I

enaH ² y: a genH KW édeTAmç a g eCI g eTAmç a g sI s ³eTAmç a g .


- 21 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 22 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

s aksB eQμ a Hf a h t v i k ç i t þ k M eRBaHs aksBe naHRt Ú v

xø H

.

Etkñ ú g ]T§ ú m atkni m i t þ e nH

sBaØ a EdlekI t edayGM N ac

kab; ni g x© a t; x © a yeTAedayn½ y mu n enaHÉg . bTenHCaeQμ a H

Gb,nakM N t; y kGakarEdlKY r ex< I m eQμ a Hfa ]T§ ú m atksBaØ a /

énsaksBEdlRtÚ v kab; e days®sþ a Rtg; G vyv³tU c -FM eday

e da yG M N ac é n ]T§ ú mat ksB a Ø a enaH

GakardU csB aØ ael xb U k

B aØ avs

eh I y x© a t; x© ay eT A

eda yn ½ y dU c

bTfa

eB aleh I y . s aksB eQμ a Hf a

el ah i t k M

e RB aH elah i t hU re cj

buLúva

/

el ah i t x© ay eT Ael I d g á Ú v

e RB a H dgá Ú v .

bT en H

el akehAfa CaeQμ a Hé n

q¥ w g enaHÉg eQμ a Hfa Gdæ i k M / mü: a geTot eQμ a Hfa Gdæ i k M C a q¥ w gEdl KY r[ex < I m

e RB a HCa v t ß ú b d i kU l

CaeQμ a Hénni m i t þ E dlekI t eRBaHGaRs½ y saksBEdlCa Caed I m xø H

s m a Fi

55

el akeB ale day

RBHsarI b u t þ R KasEmþ g dl; R bePTénsmaFi e dayGM N ac \LÚ v enHelakbM N gnw g sEmþ g

s m a Fi ed aybri ya ys U m ,I déT

eT I bsE mþ g ® )a rB § b ri y ay

d éT fa G b i c d U e cñ HehI y eB albT ma nCa GaT × fa b B a © v I s t i

.

énsmaFi k ñ ú g smaFi

]T§ ú -

é nQanEdl)aneh I y kñ ú g ni mi t þ T aM gL ay

/

smaFi e naH

rEmgman)anedaysPaB

Na / sPaBTaM g enaH eQμ a Hfa CaRbeyaCn_ k ñ ú g smaFi e naH . bTfa b r i K Á h ed æ n sm a Fi E dl\ ® nÞ i y m an s Ti § ®n Þ i y

bTenH CaeQμ a HéneRKagq¥ w g xø H énq¥ w g mY y RbePTxø H . TaM g enH

matk

s m aF i

.

2 5 kñ ú gb TT a M g e n aH bT f a s m aF i s S s ma F i d æ a KW s PaB

s aksB EdleBj eT Ae da yd gá Ú v .

e RB aH G tß f a

bBa © b B a Ø a s

d ¾ e ss k¾ ma nn ½ y e n Hd U c K ñ a

BY k mY y CaedI m y: a genHehI y

E dlRbL ak ; B aseBjedayelahi t E dlh U rx Þ a te T A . buLúvkM

s U m, I k ñ ú g b Ten H

]T § ú mat ks -

G M N a cén Fm ’ B Y k m Y y Ca ed I m .

x Þ at eT Ax age na H eT Ax ag en H . bT en H C aeQμ aHénsaksB

s aksB eQμ a Hf a

/

eQμ aHfa

Caed I m

kM N t; k an ; y k

.

mü : ag eT ot

\®nÞ i y T a M g enaHÉg

rEmgCabri v ardl; K ñ a nw g Kñ a ehI y rEmgCa\®nÞ i y bri b U N _ e day


- 23 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 24 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

k a r bM eBjPav na . eRBaHd U e cñ a H eQ μ aH f a s m aF i e RB aH G tß

Garmμ N _ E tmY y

f a \®nÞ i y Ca b ri v a rdl ; K ñ an w g K ñ a e RBa H Gt ß f a s T i § ® n Þ i y C a

m i n j ab; j ½ r kñ ú g G a rm μ N _ é n c i t þ e da yG M N ac k a rt a M g ma M y: a g

e dI m b r i b U rN _ . e RB a H f a m an Ga r mμ N _ Etm Y y e RB a Hsmø w g

F¶ n ; k ñ ú g Garmμ N _ E tmY y edaykarRbkbsmaFi e naHÉg . Kb,I

G a r mμ N _ E tm Y y

RCabfa

e d ay GM N a csm a Fi én \®n Þ i yT aM gen a H

/

esckþ I f a

kñ ú gK U T I

8

eRBaHkarEdlci t þ t aM g maM e daykar

el akeBaldl ;

m ay k ñ ú g Gar m μ N _ e pS g ² / K b ,I R Cab elakm i n ka n; ykGt ß

rEmgmi nkan ; y k C aK U T I 2 / r E m g bd i b tþ i r E m gm i n bdi b tþ i

f a kM Nt ; k a n; ykesckþ I e T og n i g G t ß f a m i n bn þ e T Akñ ú g T I e n H

CaKUTI

n i geB le Rk a y

k Nþ al

yBl ³CaF M kñ ú gel a ku t þ re na H Ég

ed ay k a rm i n mansl ; é n c i t þ ka rbe g ¥ a nén]bcar³

ed ay

Gb ,na

/

k a rv i n as én el a ku t þ rm K Á . eQμ a Hf a s m aF i Gt ß f a e d ay

Gb,na

.

m i n m an ki else kI t eL I g

e RB aH k a rEs V g r k

.

e RBa Hmi n man kareT A

e Qμ a Hf a

s m aF i

e RB aH G tß f a

1

K b ,I RCa bbT en Hfa Kb, I RC abf a

/

KW

rEmgEsV g rk

e RB aH K Y rca k; F ø ú He da yk a rk M N t; k an ; y kvI r i -

CaKUTI

K U T a M gen H

eRBaHGtß f a mi n raymay eRBaHsmø w g karmi n manesckþ I r ay-

3

r Em g mi n EsV g rk

3

rE m gk an ; y k

E dlbe g ¥ a n eT Akñ ú g

kñ ú g c M E Nkx aged I m GM B I v I f i én Q ay ti

Q ae b ti

elakeB aldl ;

e RB aH k ar mi n Es V g r k

4

C aK U TI

kñ ú gvI fi é n

K U T aM gen H 1

/

KW

eRBaH

m i n j ab; j ½ r e RB a H k a rmi n j ab; j ½ r / e Q μ a Hf a s m a F i e R B a H

k a r Rb k an ; m a M e RB a H ka r mi n Rb k an ; m a M C a KU T I 2 / e RB aH bd i -

G t ß fa

b tþ i eh I y e RB aH mi n bd i b tþ i eh I y Ca K U T I 3 / e RBa Hd u t eh I y

p u t c a kk i e ls

eRB a Hp u t ca k ki else daykarRKb

sgá t ; b¤ e daykarkat; p þ a c; ni g eRBaHbeg¥ a neTAkñ ú g Garmμ N _ . bTfa É k t þ ú b d æ a n v e s n c i t þ s S z i t þ t a eRBaHPaB én c i t þ t a M g enA

edayG M N ac k a rt aM g ma M

kñ ú gka rE dlc i t þ ma n

e RB aH m i n d u t eh I y CaKU TI 4 e day GM N a cGb ,n a . kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bTf a

smM

s m M Ést I t i s m a Fi )andl ; Gb ,n a .

k ñ ú gb Tma n Ca GaT × f a Bi tN as ; Gb ,n a


- 25 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 26 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

e na H eQ μ a H f a s m a e RB aHs ¶ b; K W j ú aM g Fm’ Edl C asRt Ú v [

bTfa

s mM

Qayti

C a Pav n b u M s k³

esc k þ I f a

Ca

v i n as eT A / m ü : a ge T ot e Q μ a Hfa s m a e RB aH ek I tBI ka r m i n

es ckþ I s ¶ b ; eT I b s m ø w g b ¤ s mø w geda y Ga k ars ¶ b ; / B i t N as ;

manescká I m i n s¶ b ; EdlCasRtÚ v . smaFi rEmgEsV g rkesckþ I

smaFi k ñ ú g vi f I é nGb,na rEmgRbBw t þ e TAedayGakars¶ b ; eRBaH

s¶ b ; e naH KW rEmgEsV g rkedayG F ü a Rs ½ y

s¶ b ;

.

\ti

s½BÞ

Ca

k a rN t ß ³ E R bf a e RB a H ehtu e na H / GF i b , ay f a e RB aH E s V g

bTfa v i s m M e n st i es ckþ I fa m i n EsV g r kes c kþ I m i n s ¶ b ; EdlCas w ksRt Ú v dl; Q an en aH ² .

ni g eRBaHtaM g enAeday

P aB C asma F i ] bk a r³dl ; Gb ,n a E dls¶ b; eh I y . bTfa

rkesckþ I s ¶ b ; e RB aHd U e cñ a H e TI b eQμ a Hf a s m aF i .

B i t N as ;

eday®)ascakFm’ E dlCasRtÚ v

Q ay ti

m an e s ckþ I r u grerOg

dU c kñ ú g Rbe yaK

manCaGaT× f a RbTI b kñ ú g Bnø a TaM g enH rEmgru g erOgrhU t yb;

n i gd U c R bT I b e Rb g rEm g ru g erOgrh U t yb ; / RbTI be R bg K b, I

s ma Fi E dl Cac M E Nkx aged I m

C asma F i

r u ge r Og kñ ú gBn ø aen H . ) a z³ f a s mM Cayt i r E m ge kI t eday

T n; exSay eQ μ a Hfa rE mg EsV g rk e s ckþ I s ¶ b ; / m i n Es V g r k

Gakars ¶ b;

es ckþ I m i n s ¶ b ; e RB a HC as ma Fi x aged I m . s m a Fi C akN þ a l

Q ae b ti sm ø w g esck þ I s ¶ b ; d u t es c kþ I m i n s ¶ b ; .

eQ μ a H fa rE mg k an ; y kes ck þ I s ¶ b ; / mi nkan ; y ke s ck þ I m i n

es ckþ I s ¶ b ;

/

v I f i é nG b, na .

/

) a z³mu n l ¥ Ca g

e RB a HP aB Ca K U f a

Q ay ti

mü: a geTot bTfa Qaebti ykesckþ I f a du t . eRBaH f a s m a Fi en aHeQμ a Hfa rE mg du tF m ’ E dl C as Rt Ú v e F V I [ Xø a t

s ¶ b ; e RB aHC as ma F i m a M Ta M . s m a Fi m an R b ma Né Rk E l g

/

e Qμ a Hfa

m i nbd i b tþ i esckþ I m i n s ¶ b;

rE mgbd i b tþ i

q¶ a y . elakeBaldl; G b,nasmaFi edaybTmanCaGaT× f a

e RB aH C asm aFi C i t

Ési t tþ a ensi t tþ a eRBaHEsV g rk eRBaHmi n EsV g rk eRBaHk a r Es V gr k n i g k a rm i n Es V g r kC aed I m s e Rmc ed ay Gb, na .


- 27 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

sm M

Qattþa

e RB aHsm ø w g esckþ I s ¶ b ;

- 28 - Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs

/

KW

n i gt a M g ma M .

e RB aH r u ge r Og C an i c© . ) a z³ f a s m M C a t t þ a e RB aH ek I tCa n i c ©

bTfa s u e x a / eQ μ a H f a s u e x a e RB a HGt ß f a s ¶ b ; .

x ø H . P aB C as ma Fi é nsm aF i 25 Ta M genH KW s maFi 1 6

s U m ,I s maFi EdlshKted ay] ebk ç a elak k¾ ka n; yke da y

e da yG M N ac é n KU

su x s½ B Þ manGtß f a s¶ b ; eRBaHelakeBalTu k fa bBi R telak

m an

8

T aM g e n H

/

ni gsm aF i m an

9

x a ged I m .

d ¾ ce Rm I n G T u k ç m s u x e vT na RB Hm an RB H PaK C am© as; Rt as ; T u k

kñ ú gbT en Hf a s e m a c hi e t a c s u e x a c a s m a F i eQ μ a H fa

s m aF i

Caesckþ I s u x

e RB aH C aF m’ s ¶ b ;

ma ns PaB ]b ka r³

nig

elakeBaledI m ,I [ seRmcRbeyaCn_ é nsmaFi

E dlse Rmceh I y e day G aka r 25 .

kñ ú g esckþ I s ¶ b ; KW kñ ú g esckþ I s u x d¾ R bNI t ni g ]ebkç a elak eB al fa Ca es ckþ I s u x e RB aHs ¶ b ; . el akeB alsmaF i Ta M g G s; Tu k kñ ú gT I e nH ed aym i n m an kM N t;

.

eT I b C ac M E Nk Edl

el akeB aleh tu é n kartaM g ma M e da y s u x s ½ B Þ en aH .

kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH bTfa sema manesckþ I é n sm s½ B Þ b ¤ s M s½ B Þ .

RCabBaküGFi b , ay fa

e RB aHsm a Fi Caesckþ I s ¶ b;

d U e cñ a H

s m a Fi eT I b t a M gm aM kñ ú gG a r mμ N _ E tm Y y ed ayRb kardU ecñ H .

Bi t Nas; smaFi e naHeQμ a Hfa sema evorcakesckþ I ¬ cb;Gdækfa smaFiPavnamyBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

m i n s ¶ b; Edl ke Rm I kCa sRtÚ v . bTfa hi e ta manesckþ I n ½ y GFi s½ B Þ / GFi b ,ayfa t a M gen A kñ ú gG a r mμ N _

/

Kb, I

KW

[ t aM gen Ae da yPaBm i n j ab; j ½ r

.

elakGFi b ,ayfa edaybTTaM g 2 eQμ a Hfa smaFi eRBaHs¶ b ;


- 29 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 30 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa Fmμ d æ i t i B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

s kli gÁ G t ß fa

/

eRB aHdU ecñ a H

b vt þ i

bvtþM

k a r Rb RB w t þ e TA

e TI bC a cM E NkE tmY y e d ay .

b : u En þ e RB a H

bvtþi

s½ B Þ

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g Fm μ d æ i t i B aØ aNn i e TÞ s d U ct eT AenH

®)akdehI y elakeTI b GFi b ,ayRbkbedaybTfa bvtþ M enaH

k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a G v i C ¢ a s gç a r a n M ] b , a T d æ i t i G Fi b , ay

zi t i s½ B Þ kñ ú g karmi n mankñ ú g TI e nH eRBaH zi t i s½ B Þ sU m ,I k ñ ú g

d U e c ñ H eQ μ a H f a z i t i e RB aH G tß f a Gv i C¢ a Ca e h tu t aM geLI gén

P av ³ k ¾ s e Rmc)an . e d I m ,I s Em þ gf a z i t i s½ B Þ RbRB w t þ e TA

s gç a r . zi ti e na H KW G V I ? KW Gv i C ¢ a . e RB a Hf a Gv i C ¢ aen a HC a

k ñ ú ges ckþ I f a e h t u el akeT I b eB alfa n i m i t þ d æ i t GF i b, a y

T I ta M g

f a zi t i .

KW

C ae h t u é n karek I teL I g énsgç a rTa M gLay

e RB a H

eh t u e n aHeT I b eQμ a Hfa ] b, a Td æ i t i C ae h tu e k I teL I g . eQ μ a H fa b v t þ d æ i t i Gt ß fa Caehtu én karRbRB w t þ e TA én

m i n Em nRt w mE tC ae RK Óg k M N t ; E tmü: ag EdlB i t

RBHsarI b u t þ kaln w g sE mþ g PaBC a G ñ k G ack ñ ú gb c© ½ y fa R b mU l m k

rE mgB üay am

rEmg

dU cC amanesckþ I x V l ; x V a yk ñ ú gk a r

s gç a rT aM gL ayE dlek I teL I geh I y . GF i b, ay f a e s c kþ I

[ek I tsg ç a r

B i t G an u P a Bén k i c © rE mg m an kñ ú g xN³Cnkb,c © ½ y e k I t eL I g

Caehtu Rbm U l mk . e RB aH Gv i C ¢ a[s gç a rek I t eL I g eQμ a Hf a

enaHÉgedayBi t

R b kb k ñ ú gkarek I t

/

b: u E nþ e RBaHkarRbRBw t þ e TAénsgç a rTaM g Lay

eT I b e B al fa G a y U h nd æ i t i G F i b, ayf a z i t i

G Fi b ,a yf a

B ü ay a m

/

Gv i C ¢ a[s gç a r

EdlCnkb,c© ½ y enaH[ekI t eLI g eTI b eQμ a Hfa Caehtu sU m ,I

R b RB w t þ e TA eQ μ aH f a B ak; B ½ n § k ñ ú g k a r Rb RB w tþ e TA / GF i b , a y

k a r Rb RB w tþ e TA k ñ ú gxN³ rbs; xø Ü n / m ü: a gvi j e T ot C ae h tu é n

fa

k a r Rb RB w tþ e TA ed ay GM N acs nþ t i .

RbkbTu k bli e BaFdæ i t i Caehtu B ak; B ½ n § GFi b ,ayfa Caehtu

m ü : a ge T ot

b T f a bvt þ M e n H

C aP av v cn ³ cu H k ñ ú g nb M u -

c gB½ T§

d U e cñ a HelakeT I b eB al fa

R b kb C a e h tu k gV l ; .

s eB aØ a Kd æ i ti

Caehtu


- 31 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 32 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

eRBaHGvi C ¢ a [sgç a rekI t eLI g eQμ a Hfa smu T ½ y eRBaH G t ß fa C am U l e ht u é n karek I t n i gk a r Rb RB w t þ e TA / eQ μ a H fa

Gvi C ¢ a bc© e ya Gvi C ¢ a Cabc© ½ y elakeBaldl; G vi C ¢ a Cabc© ½ y é nsg ç arTa M g Lay .

smu T yzi t i eRBaHCaehtu [ ekI t GFi b ,ayfa CamU l ehtu .

m ü : a ge T ot e dI m, I s E mþ g k a rk M N t; Gv i C¢ ae na H C a bc© ½ y

G vi C ¢ a e n aHÉ g e l ak e B alf a e h t d æ i t i Caeh tu e d I m / b c © -

eRBaHsU m ,I G vi C ¢ a k¾ e kI t eRBaHbc© ½ y elakeTI b eBalfa ]ePa-

y d æ i t i C ae h tu kñ ú g ka rR b RB w t þ e TA e RB aH C aeh tu k ñ ú g ka r[ e kI t

e b et

é nsg ç ar

GFi-

kñ ú g karkM N t; b c© ½ y fa sU m ,I F m’ T aM g 2 y: a genH k¾ e kI t eLI g

b , ay fa zi t i Caed I meh tu / z i t i e la keB al Cn kb ,c © ½ y

BI b c© ½ y . sU m ,I k ñ ú g bTd¾ e ssk¾ K b,I R bkby: a genH . cM E Nk

Caehtu / ] btß mÖ kb ,c © ½ y C ae RK Ó g G aRs ½ y . s U m , I kñ ú gb T

bTfa

d ¾ e ss k ¾ K b ,I Rbkby : ag en H .

b c© ½ y / Cr a ni gm rN³ k ¾ e kI teL I gBI bc© ½ y el akeB alT u k

/

e RB a HC ab c © ½ y

kñ ú gbT en Hf a

Peva

] bt ß mÖ k ñ ú g ka rR b RB w t þ e TA

Catiya

C a ti

CramrNsS

PB

Fmμa

Cati

b c © y sm u b , n ñ a ti

bc©eya

e da yb ri y a y

b Tfa

/

bc©ybriKÁeh

C r a m rN M

GtItm,i

bB a Ø a

b c © y s m u b ,n ñ M

GT§anM

bB a Ø a

CatiCa

k al E d l kn ø geT A

C a bc ½ © y dl ; C a ti / C a ti C ab c ½ © y dl; CramrN³ elakeBal

eh I y . bT f a G n a Kt m , i G T § a nM ) andl; kalEdlenAmi n

dl; b TEdlRbkbedayGM N ackarekI t fa ]b,aTdæ i t i seBaØ a -

T an ; m kdl ;

K d æ i t i e h td æ i t i ed aybri y ay e d ay GM N acén xn § T aM gL ay

G t ß é nG c © n þ s M e yaK K W e R bI Gaytn i )a tfa G s ; .

.

s U m , I k ñ ú gbT TaM g

2

k¾ C aT u t i yav i Pt þ i c u H k ñ ú g

m an C ati Cr a ni gm rN³ / E tGa c arüB Y k x ø H B N’ naes ckþ I

\LÚ v enH RBHsarI b u t þ l HGakar 9 TaM g enaH kñ ú g lM d ab;

kñ ú g bTenH edayn½ y manCaGaT× f a ]b,aTay zi t i ]b,aTdæ i t i

var³énGaka r 9 eh I y Rbkbeda yb Tén bc © ½ y Ga Rs ½ y eh t u

ehtu é nkarekI t

eQ μ a Hf a ] b ,a Td æ i t i Ca eht u ek I t .

bTfa

eh I y b gð ajv ar³

3

m an CaGaT × fa

G v i C ¢ a eht u

/ sgçara


- 33 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

ehtusmub,nñ

Gvi C ¢ a Ca eht u

- 34 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

s gç a rT aM gL ay Ga Rs ½ y eh t u

s U m ,I bTd ¾ e ss k ¾ Kb, I Rb k bt amsm K Y rdl ; l i g Á y : ag en H .

ekI t eLI g kñ ú g var³énGakar 9 elakeBalbc© ½ y edayGM N ac

mü: a geTot )az³fa Gvi C ¢ a bdi c © Gvi C ¢ a GaRs½ y bc© ½ y RbRBw t þ

CaCnk]btß m Ö k b,c© ½ y

eTAedayGM N ackarxV l ; x V a y Etesckþ I k ñ ú g bTenH Kb,I R bkb

bc© ½ y Edl]bkar³[ekI t

/

kñ ú g TI e nH

bTfa e ht u )andl ; PaBCaCnkb,c© ½ y eRBa He ht u v ar ³ n i g

eday)az³d¾ e ssfa

Gvi C ¢ a GaRs½ y bc© ½ y rbs; x ø Ü n RbRBw t þ e TA

bc© y var³ manesckþ I e pSgKñ a . bTfa bc© e ya Kb,I R Cabfa

s U m ,I kñ ú gbT d¾ essk ¾ y : ag en aH

P aB C a]b tß m Ö k b, c © ½ y e RB aH b c© ½ y ma nGv i C ¢ a Ca e d I m s U m ,I

TaM g enH elakbgð a jnU v Fmμ d æ i t i B aØ a NedayGM N acénGgÁ 11

m Y y ² k¾ ekI te da yRb k a rT aM g 2 .

m an Gv i C ¢ aCa ed I m

.

kñ ú gv a r³s U m ,I

4

G M N a cb c © ½ y é n GgÁ b d i c© s mu b, aT

Gvi C ¢ a bdi c © Gvi C ¢ a GaRs½ y bc© ½ y RbRBw t þ e TA esckþ I f a Gvi C ¢ a

b gð a j ed ay GM N a cCra m rN³ ena H

eQμ a Hfa bdi c © eRBaHRtÚ v eTAedaycM e BaHmu x énsgç a rTaM g Lay

kñ ú g TI b M p u t

eRBaHsmø w g eXI j Gvi C ¢ a

eFV I C r a m rN³ [ Ca bc © ½ y é n GgÁ b di c© s m u b , aT Ta M gen aH

rbs ; x ø Ü n

.

Caehtu é nsgç a rTaM g Laykñ ú g karekI t

c M E NkbTen H

el akeBaldl ; s PaBé nGv i C¢ a

E dlG a c[s gç a re kI teL I g .

y : ag

eRBaHFm μ d æ i t i B aØ aN ) an bg ð a jc,as ; e d ay

K b ,I R Ca b ka rv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g bd i c© v a r³ d U c te T Aen H bT f a

.

.

Fmμ d i æ t i B aØ a N

12

.

E te l a km i n ) an

e RBa HCra mrN³taM gen A

edayGM N acCramrN³enaH e hI y

Bi c arNaeTAKY r eRBaHsU m ,I C ra ni g mrN³ k¾ C abc© ½ y énesak³ b ri e Tv³ T u k ç ³ eT amnsS³ n i g ])ayas³ .

bTfa sgç a ra bdi c © s mu b ,nñ a GaRs½ y Gvi C ¢ a ekI t eLI g

\ LÚ v en H RB Hsa r I b u tþ b M N gn i gEc k G gÁ bd i c © s mu b, aT

esckþ I f a sgç a rTaM g Laymi n )anekI t eLI g edaymi n )anGaRs½ y

12 Ta M gena H eT I b sEm þ gse gç b 4 / k al 3 / s n § i 3 /

GV I e naHeT eRBaHRtÚ v GaRs½ y Gvi C ¢ a eTI b ekI t eLI g RbRBw t þ e TA .

edayGakar 20

ehI y eTI b bgð a jFmμ d i æ t i B aØ a N

elakeBal


- 35 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 36 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

b T m an G aT × f a b u r i m k m μ P vs μ w kñ ú g k mμ PB mu n dU ec ñ H . kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bT fa

b u r i m k m μ P vs μ w

es ckþ I ®) af ñ a esc k þ I R t Ú v ka r kñ ú g] b, tþ i PB E dlCaplé nG ñ k

)andl ;

kñ ú g

e F I V km μ eQμ a Hf a t N ð a . bTfa

k m μ P B m u n / GF i b, ayf a k al e FV I k m μ P B k ñ ú gG t I tC a ti . bTfa

e m ae h a

GviC¢a

emah ³

v e g V g e d aye ma h³ kñ ú gT u kç Caed I m

KW

Gvi C ¢ a

ehIyeFVIkmμ

e s c kþ I fa /

n+uH

KW

G vi C ¢ a .

] ) aT a n M

k a rc U l dl ;

KW

k m μ P B R b RB w t þ e TA ehI y f a

k a rc U l dl ;

KW

] ) aT an

k ar R b ka n; m aM

E dl Ca bc© ½ y é n

kal e F I V km μ e nH

n w gse Rm c ta m

b M N g d U e cñ H kþ I e yI ge F I V km μ e nH eh I y n i g)a nes ay pl km μ

bTfa sgçar

es ckþ I fa

] bK m n M

GayUhna

es ck þ I f a

sgçara

km μ E dl Rb mU l mk

ectnamu n rbs ; Gñ ke F I V k m μ e n aH

/

KW

e c tn a

k ñ ú gz an ³É eN aH d U e cñ H k þ I G t þ KW t Y x ø Ü nd ac; s U n ü d a c; s U n ü edayl¥ e hI y kþ I

mu n ekI t eLI g dl; G ñ k Ki t fa eyI g nw g [Tan dU e cñ H ehI y lHbg;

kþ I

] bk rN _ [m Y y Exx ø H m Y y q ñ a M x ø H .

Tan .

.

e c tn ak ñ ú g Gav C ¢ n ³

1

b ¤ kñ ú gCvn

6

su x ®)ascakesckþ I e kþ A Rkhay

bM e BjsI l vtþ ) anedaygayRsÜ l kþ I

enHeQμ a Hfa

])a-

bTfa e c tn a P e v a K W PB )andl ; ectn ad U ceB al

e ctn a elakeBal fa P B . e RB aH da k ; T kç i N aT u k elI é dén bd i K Á ah k³

manesckþ I

eh I y k ñ ú gT I b M pu té nka rRbm U l mk eQμ a Hf a P B .

eQ μ a H fa k m μ E dl Rbm U l mk K W s g ç a r . e c tn a kñ ú gC vn³ TI

bTfa b u r i m k m μ P vs μ w k ñ ú gk mμ PBm u n )andl ; kal eF I V

7 C a PB . mü : a ge T ot e ct naN am Y y k ¾ K W PB / eQμ a Hf a

kmμ P BTu k kñ ú g GtI t Cati Fm’ T aM g enHRbRBw t þ e TAehI y . bTfa

k a r Rb m U l m k Cas gç a r e RB a Hsm ,yu tþ ed ayectn ae naH .

\F

bTfa n i k n þ i t N ð a es ckþ I ® )af ñ a K W tNð a es c kþ I fa

bdisn§iya

b c© y a

e nH Ca b c© ½ y é n bd i s n § i k ñ ú g PBenH

)andl ; C ab c © ½ yén bd i s n § i k ñ ú g bc © ú b ,n ñ .


- 37 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

\F

bdisn§i

viBaØaNM

bdisn§i

- 38 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

bdisn§i

KW

v i B a Ø aNkñ ú g PB en H )an dl; v i B aØ a NEdl el ak eBalf a C a bdi s n§ i

eRBaHPBbc© ú b ,nñ e kI t eLI g edayGM N acénkarCab; b nþ

K ñ a kñ ú grv a gP Ben a H eQμ a Hf a v i B a Ø a N .

c i t þ e n aHf ø a e RB aH k a rm i n m anv tß ú b di kU l edayki e ls . bTfa p u e d æ a p e s S a k a rB al; Rt Ú v K W psS³ )andl ; k a r b: Hx Þ b ; e nH eQμ aH fa p s S . bTfa ev Ty i t M e v Tna k a res ay G arm μ N _ K W evT na

bTfa » k á n þ i n a m rU b M )andl ; ka rQ an cu H K W n a mrU b

)andl ; ka resa yv i )a k ekI trY mCa m Y y ps S ³ e d ayb di s n § i -

)andl ; ka rQ an c u H k ñ ú gK P ’ é n r U b F m’ n i g G rU bF m’ d U c e B al

vi B aØ a Nkþ I edaysLaytn³Cabc© ½ y kþ I enHeQμ a Hfa evTna .

m ke hI y en HeQ μ a H fa n a m r U b .

bTfa \ F u b , t þ i P v s μ w b u e r k t s S k m μ s S b c © y a F m’

bTfa b s a e T a G a ytn M bsa T K W P aB fø aC a Gay -

5 R bk a rk ñ ú g k mμ PB mu n Ca bc© ½ y dl ; b di s n§ i kñ ú g] b, tþ i P B enH

t n ³ ) an d l ; rU bE dlf ø a e n HC a Ga y tn³ . e l a ke FI V CaÉ k -

es ckþ I fa F m ’ T aM gL ay rE m gR b RB w t þ e TA ed ay bc © ½ y rbs ; k mμ

v cn³ ed ayk a n; ykCati

E dle FV I T u kk ñ ú gG t I t C at i Edl Cav i ) a kPB k ñ ú gb c © ú b, nñ .

y tn ³

5

.

m an c kç ú Ca ed I m

el akk ¾ e B ale dayBaküfa

k ñ ú g bTen H .

el akeBaldl ; Ga -

K b ,I R Ca b fa

bsaT

s U m, I m naytn³

e RB aH mn ay tn ³C av i ) a k

k ñ ú gT I e n H ed ayRB H)al I f a b Ps S rm i T M P i k ç e v ci t þ M / t B a© e x a G a K n þ ú e k h i ] b k á i e l esh i m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g L a y c i t þ en H b ri s u T §

/

k ¾ ci tþ e n aHÉges Ah μ g eday ]bká i e ls Edl crmk

d U e c ñ H kñ ú g RB H) al I e n H el akb M N gy kPvg Á c i t þ / n w g e RBa H

bTfa

\F

bri b ká t þ a

GaytnanM

Laykñ ú gPBe nH dl; ka rc as; kø a

eRBaHGaytn³TaM g -

kalelaks Em þ g e m ah ³ C a

e dI m k ñ ú g k ar e FI V km μ rbs ; G ñ kmanGaytn³dl ; k a rc as ; k ø a . bTfa Gaytw b d i s n § i y a K W Ca b c© ½ y dl; b di s n§ i kñ ú g G n aK t

.

b T m an Ca G aT × fa

Gaytw

bd i s n § i

viBaØaNM

b di s n§ i kñ ú gG n aK t KW v i B a Ø aN ma n Gtß d U ceB aleh I y .


- 39 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 40 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

el akkan ; y k Ga k ar 2 0 T aM gen H ed ay Gg Á énbdi c © sm u b, aT

12

e da ysr u bf a

e tI dU ce mþ c GviC¢a

k ¾ eRB a Hm i n d w gc,as ;

?

sgçara

el akeBalFm’ T aM g dUecñHfa

eT I b t k; s ø ú t

/

2

enH

Ca e h tu k ñ ú g Gt I t tk; s ø ú t ehI y

k ñ ú gG na Kte da ysr u b / ed ay ka rk an ; y kC a ti C r a m rN ³ e na H Ég eT I b C ac M E NkE dlel akk a n; ykpl k ñ ú g Gn aK t 5

.

manv i B aØ aN Ca ed I m e n a HÉ g . C a cM E N kel ak k an ; y kGa ka r

rE m g

20 edayGgÁ 1 2 é n bd i c © s mu b , aTT a M g e n a H . e d ay bT fa

Rbkan ; m aM / eRBaHkarRbkan ; m a M r bs ; b u K Á l e naHCabc© ½ y e TI b

C a t i C r a m rN a n i ed ayRbkard U e cñ H .

manPB / dU e cñ a HeTI b CacM E NkEdlelakkan; y k sU m ,I t Nð a

GtI e t e h t u e y a

] ) aT an n i g PB e d ay k ar k an ; y k Fm ’ T aM g 2 K W Gv i C ¢ a ni g

\Tan i eh t u e ya bB a © G a y t w p l b B a © k M .

s gç a r

T a M g en a Hpg

sL ay tn³

psS ³

.

elakeB aldl ; vi B a Ø a N

n i gevT na

n am r U b

kñ ú gb c© ú b, nñ ed aysru b

.

el akeB al tNð a ] ) aT an n i g PB f aC ae h tu k ñ ú g b c © ú b, nñ e da ysr u b

/

k alk a n; ykPBeh I y

s gç a rT aM gL ay e d a yPB e n a H

.

Ca cM ENkx aged I m m ü: ag vi j eT o t

k ¾ Ca c M E Nkkan ; y k

é n PBe n a H

b¤ s m,y u tþ

s gç a rT a M g Laysm,yu t þ

edayPB enaH eday ka rkan ; y kt Nð a ni g] ) aT an . m ü : ag v i j eT ot

e lakk an; y k tNð a

E dl bu K Á l Qø k ; v e gV g e FI V km μ

f a C aGv i C¢ a . el akeB alFm’ Ta M g 2 K W

Cati Cra mrN

bB a ©

\Tani

pl bB a © k M

G a k ar 20 én bc© y ak a r K W F m’ C a G tI tehtu 5 y : a g F m ’ C a bc © ú b , nñ pl

5

y:ag

Fm ’ Ca b c© ú b ,n ñ e h tu

5

y:ag

F m ’ C aGn aKtpl 5 y : ag . elakeBalesckþ I é nKafaenaHTu k ehI y / bTfa \ti e m E c kC ab T \ t i e m . )a z³fa \ t i \e m . bTfa c t u s eg ç b manseg ç b 4 )andl ; ma n kg 4 . F m ’ C ae h t u

5

y:ag

k ñ ú g Gt I t

ehAfa

e h tu s eg ç b

1 . Fm’ C ap l 5 y: ag k ñ ú g bc © ú b ,n ñ eh Afa pls eg ç b 1 . F m ’ C ae h t u 5 y : a g k ñ ú gb c© ú b,nñ

eh Af a

eh tu s e gç b 1 .


- 41 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 42 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

F m ’ C a pl 5 y : a g kñ ú g GnaKt ehAf a plsegç b 1 .

v i B a Ø aNC aed I m m an PB Ca TI bM pu t C a b c© ú b ,n ñ kal / Gg Á 2

bTfa t e y a G e T § )andl ; k ñ ú g k al 3 . Gt I tk al K b ,I RCabfa

edayGM N ac bB a© k³

KW

Fm’BYk

5

TI

1

/

KW

Ca t i

ni g C r am rN³

m an k ñ ú g rv ag é n s gç a r

Ca Gn a Kt k al

n i gv i B a Ø aN

/

/

e h tu p lsn § i

pleh tu s n § i

1

1

man

b c© ú b, nñ k al K b, I RCabfa edayGM N a cbB a© k³ TI 2 T I 3 /

k ñ ú grv a génev Tn a ni gt Nð a / e h tu plsn § i 1 mankñ ú grv a g

G n aK t kal Kb ,I RCab f a ed ayGM N acbBa © k³ TI 4 .

é nPB ni gC a t i .

bTfa ti s n § i sn § i 3 eQμ a Hf a t i s n § i Gt ß f a ma n

bTfa v I s t i ya Ga kae rh i ed ayc M ENk 20 . Kb , I

sn § i 3 / E d l bs n§ i 3 e n a H GF i b, ay fa eh t u p lsn § i 1

P ¢ ab ; e s ckþ I f a

m an k ñ ú grvagé n e h tu GtI t n i gplb c © ú b, nñ / pleht u s n§ i 1

se g ç b 4 k al 3 sn § i 3 edayGakar 20 d U e cñ H .

k ñ ú grv a génplb c© ú b,n ñ n i geh tu GnaKt / eht u plsn § i 1 k ñ ú grv a géneh t u b c© ú b,n ñ n i gplGn aKt . b : u E n þ e da yG M N a ceB alm ke hI y

RBH e y a K av cr

rEm gdw gb di c© sm u b ,a T

man

bTfa Canat i rE m gd w g e d ay j aN KW ka re pþ I mevT na e da yT M n gd U cK ñ a n i g s u t þ ³ K W ka rs þ ab ; .

ed ays r u b kñ ú g bd i -

bTfa b s S ti )andl ; rE mg eX I j v tß ú Edl dw geh I y

c © s mu b, aT) al I m an dU e cñ H G v i C ¢ a s g ç a r a C as e g ç b TI 1 .

edayjaN dU c eXI j edayEPñ k ni g eFV I [ Rtw m RtÚ v ehI y dU c

v i B a Ø a N n a m r U b s L ay t n p s S n i g e v T na C as e g ç b T I

E p ø k nÞ Ü té RBe nA elI )até d .

2 . t N ð a ] ) a T an P B Cas eg ç bT I 3 . C a t i Cra mrN C as e g ç b TI 4 . GgÁ 2 KW Gvi C ¢ a ni g sgç a r CaGtI t kal / Fm’ 8 man

bTfa

GBa Ø a t i

rEmgd w gT U e T A

)andl ;

e FI V G aesvn³

edayGakarEdleXI j ehI y eQμ a Hfa rEmgdw g edayjaN . es ckþ I é ns ½ B Þ f a m ri y a T kñ ú g TI e nH K W Gakar .


- 43 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

bdiviCÄti

rEmgcak; F ø ú H

)andl ;

- 44 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

[dl; k a rse R mc

e RB aH C ati Ca b c© ½ y

edaykarbM e BjPavna eQμ a Hfa eFI V k arcak; F ø ú H edayjaN .

R T g; ]b,t þ i e L I g k ¾ e d ay

m ü : a ge T ot

C a Fm μ d æ i t i

r E m gd w ged ay GM N acénl k ç N ³

e da yG M N ac k a r Rb RB w t þ eT Aed ayk i c © G M N a cénGa k arR) akd

/

/

/

rE mge XI j

r Em gd w gT U e TAed ay

rE mg c a k; F ø ú He da y GM N a cé nbT -

d æ an .

/

kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT f a b d i c © s m u b , a e T a Kb , I R Cabfa )andl ; Fm’ Ca b c© ½ y . bTfa bdi c © s mu b ,nñ a Fmμ a )andl; Fm’ E dlekI t eLI g

CaF m μ n i y am

Ca\Tb,c© yt a

RB Ht f aK t Fatu e na H

k a rB i t ®)a kdenA

k ar G a Rs ½ y Kñ a e kI teL I g

RBH t f aK t RT g; Rtas ; d w g

R K a R tas ; d w g eh I y

/

RTg ; m i n Ta n ; ] b, tþ i k¾ ed ay

t a M gen A CaF m μ t a

e da yF mμ ta enA

eT I b m an Cr a mr N ³

n i g ca k ; F ø ú H Fm ’ T a M g e n a H

c a k; F ø ú H ehI y

R T g; bB aØ tþ i

R T g; t aM gT u k

e F V I [g ay

Rt as; f a

T a M g L ay

e RBa H Cat i C ab c© ½ y

RT g; ®) a b;

RTg; e b I kb g ð a j

B Y kGñ kc U r eX I j

e T I b ma n C r a

.

RT g ;

mñ a lP i kç ú

n i g mr N ³

/

e RB aH PB Cab c © ½ y

e da yRB HB u T § v cn³ . e RB aH RB Hma n RBH P aKCa m© as ; Rt as ; T u k

e TI bm ansg ç a r . RB Ht f a Kt RT g ; ] b, t þ i k¾ e d ay RT g ; m i n T an ;

k ñ ú geTs nas U R t EdlbNÐ i tk M N t; ed aybdi c © s m u b , aT ni g

] b, t þ i k¾ e d ay

b di c © s m u b , nñ F m’ fa H

e XI j dU ecñ H . mñ al Pi k ç ú T a M g L ay e RB aH Gv i C ¢ aC ab c © ½ y e TI b

GyM v u c © t i P i k ç e v

rE mge FV I [ g ay

e RB aH Gv i C ¢ aCa b c© ½ y

Rt as ; fa

BY k G ñ kc U r

m an s gç a r . m ñ alPi kç ú T aM gL ay ed ay Rb ka rd U e cñ HÉ g e n H

bd i c © s m u b , ae T a .

m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g Lay bdi c © s m u b, aTe t I d U c em þ c

.eb.

. eb.

RTg ; s E mþ g

RT g; cM E Nk

dUecñH

/

e da yb c© ½ y e n aH ² . e bI s Y r fa d w g ) and U c em þ c ? e q ø I y f a

ktema c P i k ç e v bdi c © s m u b , ae T a / . e b.

eT I b m an Ca ti

taMg

es ckþ I B i t ?

m i nCaya : gd éT

eQμ a Hf a

K W v t ß ú en HCabc © ½ yé n

v tß ú e nH . m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g Lay enHeQμ a Hf a b d i c © s m u b , a T .


- 45 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

RBHmanRBHPaKCam© a s;

- 46 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

kalRTg; s Emþ g bdi c © s mu b ,aT

n i gm rN³

r Em g ta M g e n A )a n

C a t i C ab c © ½ y

s m u b , aT

s PaB C ak a rB i t

mrN³ / eRBaHd U e cñ a H C a ti el akeB alfa F m μ d æ i t t a F m μ -

Caed I m . e RB aH dU ec ñ aH bd i c© s mu b ,aT eT I b m an PaBCab c © ½ y

n i y a m t a d U e cñ H . C a ti e n aHÉg Cabc© ½ y é n Cr a ni g m rN³

dl ; Fm ’ T aM g Lay

e nH e RB aHd U e cñ a H eT I b eQμ a Hf a \ T b , c © e ya / \ Tb ,c © e y a

manCra

m an k a rB ak ; B ½ n § Ca mY y Tu k ç pl

/

tfta

n i gm rN ³C aed I m Cak i c ©

man bc© ½ y B i e ssé nx ø Ü n

/

Calkç N ³

m an k ar ed I rx u s pø Ú v

Caeh t u C i t

/ Ca

rE mg kM N t; F m ’

KW

C ra

ni g

e na H Ég eQμ a Hf a \T b, c© y ta .

e RB a HsU m , I x ø Ü n

É g k¾ m an bc© ½ y .

C a ti C a bc © ½ y

e RBaH

y : agen H eT I b R t as; fa F m’ C ab c © ½ ye na H Ég eQ μ a H fa b d i c © e d a ye v cn³ ma n B a k üf a

/

e RB aH G a Rs½ y Fm ’ e n aH

bTfa

tM

KW

b c© ½ y e n a H

rEmgRtas ; d w ged ayja N

.

.

bT f a

bT fa

GPism<úCÄti

G P i s em t i

KW

KW

rEmg

bTfa ] b ,a T a v a G n u b , a T a v a )andl ; ka l]b , tþ i

c a k ; F ø ú H e d ayj aN . b T fa G a c i k ç t i rEmgeBal . bTfa

k ¾ ed ay m i n Ta n; ]b,t þ i k ¾ e da y GF i b, ay f a k al RB Htfa K t

eTsti KW rEmgsEmþ g . bTfa bBaØ a ebti KW rEmg[dw g .

s U m ,I ]b,t þ i eh I y s U m , I e nA m i n T an ; ] b, t þ i dU e c ñ H .

bTfa b d æ e bti rE mgt a M gen A kñ ú gm a ti k a K W j aN . b Tf a

bTfa zi t a v s a F a tu s P aBén bc © ½ y e naH taM ge nA G F i b , ay fa

k ñ ú g kalN a

²

n w g m i n ma nbc © ½ y é n Ca ti

Cra

n i gm rN³ m i n m aneL I y .

.

Fm’ e kI teL I g e RBa H bc© ½ y eBal K W

c M E N k . b T f a ] t þ a n I k e r a t i KW r E m ge FV I [ ® ) ak d . b T f a \ t i e x a t i K W ed ayRbkard U e cñ HÉ g . bTf a y a t R t )a n

bTfa F m μ d æ i t t a F m μ n i y a m t a \ T b ,c © y t a m an C ati C a bc © ½ y e na H É g

v i v r t i K W rEm g RT g ; e b I k sEm þ g . bTfa v i P C t i K W rEmgRTg ;

Cra

dl ;

PaBCa r bs; B i t® ) a kd

G a T× f a Cat i b , c © y a

mi n ER b Rb Ü l

d U ck ñ ú g bT ma n C a

C r a m r N M e RB aH C ati Ca b c© ½ y eT I b man


- 48 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 47 - Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa smμ s nBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

C r a n i gm rN³ . kñ ú gbd i c© s m u b, aTe nH

e la keB al fa

tfta

s Pa B K b ,I RCabv i n i cö ½ y

B i t e RB aHF m ’ e n aH ² e kI te da ymi n xV H mi nel I s edaybc © ½ y e naH

²

/

el akeBal

m an k a rm i n e k I t é n Fm’ k ñ ú gb c© ½ y

G v i t ft a

e R B a H mi n

e nH b Tf a y M k i B a © i K W k a r kM N t ; k an ; y kmansl ; . bTfa

sU m, I mY y rM e B c

r U b M )andl ; k M N t; e da yes ck þ I b M N gd ¾ é RkElg . el ak

PaBBi t ® ) ak d

Edl ek I t BI Fm ’ e na H

Edlc U l dl ; e s ckþ I R Bm e RB óg

/

kñ ú g sm μ s nBa Ø aNn i e TÞ s d U ct eTA

el ak eBa lf a

e F V I k ar k M N t ; ed aym i n mansl ; n U v rU b

G n B aØ f t a P aB mi nCay : agdéT eRBaHmi nman Fm ’ d éTe kI teLI g

y : agen H

e da yb c© ½ y é n Fm’ d éT

e da ybT m an CaGaT × fa G t I t én rU be na H . rU be na H rU bx ø HC a

C a bc © ½ y é nFm ’ e n H

/

elakeB alfa

\Tb,c©yta

e RB aH C ab c© ½ y dl; C ra

P aB

n i g mrN³Caed I m

F m ’ T aM ge naH

eQμ a Hfa

B ak üd U c t e T Ae n H

\Tb,c©ya

/

\Tb,c©ya

b c© ½ y é n e n a HÉ g

eQ μ a H fa \ T b , c© y ta / mü : ag eTot k arrY m \ T b ,c © y a T aM g L ay

eQμ a Hf a

\ Tb , c © y t a

.

E tk ñ ú gT I e n H

l kç N ³ eday Gtß éns ½ B Þ . ¬ cb;Gdækfa FmμdæitiBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

Kb,I RCab

4

eb I d U e cñ a H

RB H e y a K a v cr

r U bx ø Hm an Rb eP T Ca Gn a Kt C ae dI m

Caed I m

T a M g e n H b ¤ e RBaHCaTI r Y m b c © ½ y . kñ ú gbT en aHm an G Fi b, ay

GtIt

.

s U m , I e da yb TT a M g B I r

k ¾ m an n½ yenH

y: a g

.

rUb

r E m g R )a rB§ k a rEck

.

s U m ,I kñ ú g evTna

kñ ú gbT en aHeQ μ a H fa

e d ay GM N acénkal

karbn þ

sm ½ y

C a G tI t

ni gxN³

/

r U b Gn aK t n i gb c© ú b,n ñ k¾ dU ecñ aH . kñ ú grU bT aM gen a H )andl ;

r U b kñ ú g Gt I t

r U b Gn aK t

K b, I RC a bed ayGM N a ck al

m u n GM B I bd i s n § i k ñ ú g PBm Y y r bs; r U b

b n Þ a b ; G M B I c u ti

n i gG na K tT a M g B I r .

Ca mu n

/

rU b b c© ú b ,n ñ

/

k ñ ú gc en ø a H rU b G tI t


- 49 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 50 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

K b ,I RCab rU be da yG M N acs nþ t i )andl ; r U b b c© ú b ,n ñ

e R ka yGM B I e n a H

Ca Gn a Kt

.

K b ,I RCabedayGM N acxN ³

sU m ,I R bRBw t þ e TAehI y edaykarbnþ K ñ a mkGM B I m u n mansmu d æ a n

r U bb c © ú b, nñ T a k; Tg eday 3 xN³ man ]b, aTxN ³CaedI m /

BI ] tu E tmü: a g CasPaK³Kñ a ni g mansmu d æ a nBI G aharEtmü: a g .

tGMBIenaH

r U b Gt I t

r U b Gt I t ma n ki c© E dlCaeht u bc© ½ y kn ø geT Aeh I y / r U bb c © ú -

ma nsmu d æ anB I ] tu

ni gGah a r

mi n C asP a K³K ñ am u n

C aG n a Kt

G M B I e na H / rU b Gn aK t m an kñ ú gx ag e Rk ay . r U b bc © ú b ,n ñ ma n

b ,n ñ

sm u d æ anB I v i f I ci t þ d Y gE tm Y y

b c© ½ ycb ; e h I y

E tm Y y EdlekI t G M B I c i t þ

/

m an k ñ ú g cM ENkx age Rkay e dI m

Cvnc i t þ d Y g EtmY y r U b Gt I tm u n B I e n aH .

RbePTén r U b

rEmg m i n manedayGM N a csn þ ti

n i gsm a bt þ i /

rU b Gn aK t

m an rU b Gt I tC a

cM eB aHkm μ Casmu d æ an

E tm : üag . Kb, I RC a b sP aBé nr U be na H m an r U b G tI tCaed I m e da yG M N ac k a r] btß m Ö é nsm u d æ an c akB I ] t u

Gahar

n i gc i tþ

mu n GM B I e n aHCaGt I t

mank i c© E dl man eht u cb ; e h I y

rU bbc © ú b ,n ñ

/

rU b GnaKt

K b ,I RCabedayGM N acsm ½ y ²

)andl ;

R b RB w t þ e TA ed ay G M N a cbn þ Kñ a

rU b E d l ma n kñ ú gsm ½ y

T a M g L ay m an m Y y Rs b k; evl aRB w k evl ar es ol k nø Hé f ø knø H yb; C aedI m eQμ a Hfa rU b bc© ú b ,nñ . mu n GM B I e naH CaGtI t /

.

m ü : a geTot

n i gm an k i c © E dlm a n

dl ; RBm eda y ki c© T aM gB I r

ek I t k ñ ú g xN³k i c© r bs ; x ø Ü n

/

.

rU b Gn a Kt

t G M B I e n aH / r U b G tI t eRka yG M B I e na H . kñ ú g bT en H kf a ma n xN ³Cae dI m C ak f ae d ay R tg ; d ¾ e ss C akfaed ayGm . bTfa rbs ; x ø Ü n Ég

G C Ä tþ M /

kñ ú gT I e n H

e R kA GM B I en aH

el akb M N gy k rU bx a gk ñ ú g

e RB aH dU ecñ aH Kb , I R Cabfa

R b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gsn þ a nrbs ; x ø Ü n

T a M g enaH .

sm ½ y e n aH

b ¤ fa

/

eQμ a Hf a

rU bcM e B aHb u K Á l

GCÄtþM

Edl Tak ; TgCamY y \ ®n Þ I y_ k¾ e da y

.

rU b xa g

m i n T ak; Tg

C a mY y\®nÞ I y _ k¾ ed ay eQ μ a H fa B h i T § a . bTfa » L ar i k M )andl ; rU b 12 y : ag K W c kç ú es at³ X an ³ Ci v ð a k a y rU b sM eLg

kø i n rs n i g e pa dæ B V ³ E dl


- 51 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

)andl ;

bz vI

eteCa

v aeya

eQ μ a Hf a

k a n; yked ay G M N a cka r bn þ Kñ a cM ENkrU b Edlsl ;

- 52 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

»Larik

e RB a H KY r

.

16

r U bN a s u x u m rU be naH É geQ μ a Hf a T U e r eRB aHmansPaB dw g )anedayl M ) ak

y: a g

KW

Gae)a

\tß i ®n Þ I y_

v cI v i B a Ø tþ i

rU bsSl hu t a

m u T u ta k mμ Ba Ø ta

]bc © y³

vvetßti

ÉkM

smμsnM

Gntþeta

e da yG M N ac k a rb nþ .

f a C ar bs ; m i n eT o g

hInM

va

bNItM

P a B e fak T ab va

ed ayGm

r U b rbs ; RBh μ C an ; s u T sS I

ni gRbN I t b ¤ e da y Rtg;

.

e R K a t RK a t

K b ,I RCabesckþ I k ñ ú g bT en Hf a

sn þ ti C rt a Gn i c© ta eQ μ a H fa s u x u m e RB aH mi nK Y r ka n ; y k

K b ,I R Ca b

r U bN a

rU be na H

eQ μ a H fa

s n þ i e k eRB aHmansPaB dw g)angay .

b u r i s i ®n Þ I y _ C I v i ti ®n Þ I y _ hT yvt ß ú » Ca Ga k as Fa t u kayv i B a Ø tþ i

.

vvetßti

ÉkM

/

T u k ç e ta smμsnM

k a r kM Nt ; e n H

sB V M

vv e t ß t i

rUbM ÉkM

Gnic©eta smμsnM

/

Pi kç ú k M N t; dw g r U b T a M g B Y g Cas mμ s nB a Ø a Nm ü : a g

/

k ñ ú gbT en Hf a

k M N t ; f a CaT u kç Casm μ s nB a Ø a N mü : a g / k M Nt ; faC a Gn t þ a

k ñ ú gb Ten a H

C as mμ s nB aØ aN mü : a g esc kþ I fa P i k ç ú en Hk M N t; rU b s U m , I T aM g

C a rU b e f a kT abC a g rU b rbs ; R B h μ

G s;

Edlel a kcg¥ ú l Tu k

eday mi n)an k M N t ; B i t R ) a k d

C a n; G kn i d æ rU b C an ; R Bh μ s u TsS I e n aH ² Ég RbNI t Cag r U b

y : ag en Hf a y M k i B a © i rU b M rU bNan I m Y y e d ay k ar R ) akd 1 1

rbs; R Bhμ C an; s u T sSa Kb,I R CabsPaBefakTab ni g RbNI t

y : ag

e da yb ri y a y

rU bEdl C a

m an G CÄ tþ ³ Caed I m 4 eh I y k M N t ; rU b Ta M gBY g f a Ca r bs ; m i n

G k u s lv i ) a k ekI teL I g C a r U b e fa k T a b / rU b EdlCa ku s l -

e T og r Em gB i c a rN afa G n i c © M dU ecñ H . B i carN ay : a gN a ?

v i ) a ke kI teL I g C arU bRb NI t .

B i c a rN aed ay n½ yd U c eB alehI y xagm u x .

rh U tdl ; rU b rbs ; s t V n r k

Kb,IRCabesckþIkñúgbTfa

yM

TUer

.

snþiek

va enH

KW

e da yr U bGt I t ti k³

ti k³ kñ ú g Gt I t

n i g e d ay Tu k³

dU c EdlRBHsarI b u R t)aneBalTu k fa rU b M GtI t anaKt-


- 53 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 54 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

b c© ú b , n ñ M G n i c © M x y e d æ n r U bEdl Ca GtI t G n a Kt b c © ú b, nñ

k¾ C asmμ s nBaØ a Nmü: a g edayGM N acénbTenHfa Gni c © M xy-

eQ μ a H fa

e d æ n Eted ayRbe PTman 11 y: ag .

m i n eT o g

eRB a H Gtß fa

Gs ; e TA

.

e RB a Hd U e c ñ a H

Pi k ç ú e naHrEmgBi c arNafa rU b CaGtI t Gs; e TAkñ ú g GtI t enaHÉg / r U be na Hm i n Gacmkdl; PB en H

eRB aHeht u e na H

e TI beQμ a Hf a

m ü : a ge T ot

P i kç ú r EmgB i c a rN ar U b e n aH T aM gG s; f a

TukçM

Pyed æ n eQμ a Hf a C aT u kç e RB aHg t ß fa KY rx ø a c . v t ß ú Edl mi n

G n i c © M e RB aH G t ß f a Gs ; e T A / rU b E d l Ca Gn a Kt n w g ek I t kñ ú g

e T og

PBCal M d ab ; teT A / s U m ,I r U b enaH k¾ Gs; eT Akñ ú gPB en a H n w g

msU R t . sU m ,I k arBi c arNaenH k¾ C asmμ s nBaØ a NmY y y: a g

m i n eT Ak an ; P Bdé TG M B I P Ben aH

e da yG M N ac é n rU b e n Hf a

eRB aHeht u e na H

e TI beQμ a Hf a

G n i c © M eRB aHGt ß f a Gs ; e T A / rU b EdlCa bc© ú b ,n ñ rEmgGs ; e TA k ñ ú gb c © ú b ,n ñ e na H Ég eh tu e n aH

/

rE mgm i n Gs; eT AGM B I e na H

e RB a H

e T I b eQμ aH f a G n i c © M e RB a H Gtß f a Gs ; e TA / rU b

E dlC ax a gk ñ ú g

k ¾ G s; eT Akñ ú gx agkñ ú gen a HÉ g

k a n; cM E N kx a ge Rk A

e RB aH eh tu en aH

/

m i n Gs ; e T A

d U cP ½ y r bs; B Y ke TB

TukçM

Pyed æ n

kñ ú gs I h U b -

E te da yR be PT ma n

1 1 y: ag . mü: a geTot Pi k ç ú r EmgBi c arNafa rU b sU m ,I T aM g Gs; e naH C a Gn t þ a

e R B a H Gtß fa

G s a r ke d æ n

rk xø w m s arm i n ) an

e RB a Hm i n ma ns a r ³kñ ú gx ø Ü n

dU c Tu kç

.

b Tf a

Edl kM N t ; T u k y : a g

Gnic©M

enHfa Gtþ a tY x ø Ü n / ni v asI Gñ k GaRs½ y / kareka Gñ k eFV I /

e RB aH G tß f a G s ; e T A . s U m, I rU bxa g e R k Ae R Kat R K at n i gl ¥ i t

e v T ek a Gñ k e s ay / s y M v s I Gñ km an G M N ac e d ayxø Ü n Ég .

e f ak Ta b

v tß ú N am i n eT o g

RbNIt

k ¾ Gs ; e T Akñ ú g T I e naH

e TI beQμ a Hf a

rEmg n aM mk nU v P ½ y

mane nAk ñ ú gT I q ¶ ay ²

Ég

mane nAk ñ ú gT I C i t

eRBaHeht u e na H

v tß ú e n aHk ¾ Ca Tu kç

m i n G ac nw g hamesckþ I m i n

e TI beQ μ a H f a

e T og b ¤ k ar e kI t k a rv i n as n i gkarebotebonrbs; xø Ü n )an /

Gni c © M eRBaHGtß f a Gs; e TA . sU m ,I k arBi c arNaTaM g Gs; e nH

C a G ñ k eF V I C ae dI m rbs ; G ñ k e n aH nw gm an G M B I Na . dU c RB Hm an -


- 55 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 56 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

RBHPaKRtas ; f a r U b Ba © h i T M P i k ç e v G t þ a G P v i s S / ny i T M

m ü : a ge T ot

k ñ ú g ka rE c k C aG tI t C a ed I m

r U b M G a B a Fa y s M v ety ü Ca G aT× esckþ I f a m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g -

ev Tn aCaGt I t

L ay

n i ged ay GM N acénxN³ Caed I m

Rbs i n e bI r U b e n H

K b, I Ca t Y x ø Ü n E dren aH

K b ,I RbRB w tþ eT Ae dI m, I e s ckþ I Q W ca b ; e L I y

.

/

r U b e nH mi n

e RB aH e h tu en aH

evTna

Gn aKt

n i g b c© ú b ,n ñ .

Kb , I R Cabdl ;

e day G M N a céns nþ ti k ñ ú gb Ten a H

e d a y GM N a csn þ ti dU c te TA en H

Kb , I R Cab

evT na Edl rab ; cU l

karBi c arNaenH eTI b Casmμ s nBaØ a NmY y y: a g edayGM N ac

k ñ ú gvI fi c i tþ 1 Cv nc i t þ 1 smab tþ i 1 n i g R b RBw tþ e TAed a y

énbTenHfa Gntþ a Gsarkedæ n rU b CaGntþ a eRBaHrk xø w m sar

karRbkbe rOy

m i n ) an / Eted ayRbePTman 11 y: ag .

G M B I e na H CaG tI t / e Rk a y G M B I e n a H C aG n a Kt . e v T n a e d ay

kñ ú gevT na Ca ed I m k ¾ m an n½ yen a HdU c K ñ a . e d a y Rb k ar

²

k ñ ú g G a rm μ N _ N am Y y

G M N a cxN³

KW

d U e c ñ H kñ ú gx n§ mY y ² e F V I [eT A Ca 1 1 y: ag eT I bm ansm μ s -

xN ³

E dldl ; T I b M p u txa g ed I m

nB a Ø a N

k Nþ al

55

P aB C aT u k ç

kñ ú gxn § 55

5

KW

edayPaB mi n e T og

e d a y PaB C aG n tþ a

55

55

eday

e RB a Heh tu en aH

T a M g Gs ; r Y msm μ s nB a Ø a N)an 16 5 y: ag . E t Ga c ar üB Y k x ø H eBalfa bEn ß m s U m ,I bT fa s B V M r U b M sB V M ev Tn M s B V M sB a Ø M s eB V s g ç a er

sB V M v i B a Ø a N M cu H

3

KW

evT naeFV I k i c© rbs ; x ø Ü n

Ca b c© ú b,n ñ

/

m u nGM B I e naH

C a bc© ú b ,n ñ

/

mun

Edl r ab ; b Ba © Ú l kñ ú g T I b M pu tx a gcu g

CaGtI t

/

ni g

e RkayG M B I

e n a H C a Gn a Kt . K b ,I RCabesckþ I e pS gK ñ aé nevT nax a gk ñ ú g n i gx ag eRkA ed ay GM N ac ev Tn ax a gk ñ ú g r bs ; x ø Ü nen a HÉg . K b ,I R Ca bs PaB e R K at R K at ev Tn aed ayGM N a cén

Cat i

s Pav

n i g sPaBEdll ¥ i t rbs ; bu KÁ l

Edl el ak eBalT u kk ñ ú g v i PgÁ

el aki y ³

k ñ ú gxn § m Y y ² eh I y eF V I [ ) an 12 rY mC a 6 0 k ñ ú gx n§ 5 /

el aku tþ ³

e da yG nu bsS na RtÚ v Casmμ s nB aØ aN 180 y: a g .

G a T× f a evT naCaGku s l e R Ka tR K a t / evT naCak u s l

nig

ed ayn ½ y ma n C a nig


- 57 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 58 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

G B ü a Rk i t l ¥ i t . K b , I R CabevTn a ed ayGM Na cé nCat i mu n d U cteT AenH s¶b;

evTn aCaGk u s l

RbRB w t þ e T Ae dI m, I e sckþ I m i n

e RB aH C a ki ri y eh tu Edl man eT as

[ek þ A Rkha y

e RB a Heh tu e n aH

G M N a cén Ca ti e da yRb k a rd U e cñ H . K b ,I RCabevTna

T u kç evTn a e RKa t RKa tC a gev Tn a 2 y : ag e Rk ABI en H e RB a H

e TI bCaev T n ae R Ka t R Ka t C ag

m i n m anesc k þ I e Bj ci t þ ed ay ma n ka rpS ay eT A e day eFV I k a r k e Rm I k

e RB aH m anes ckþ I x V l ; x V ay

s gá t;

R K a tC a gki r i ya GB üa Rk i t [ek þ A Rkha y Cakusl

man]s Sah_ ni g man eT as e RB aHm anv i )a k

e d aym an B ü a) aT

n i g GB ü aR k i t

manv i )a k /

e da y

n i g maneTas

.

l ¥ i tC a ge v T n aC a G ku s l k u s l evTna

k¾ evT n a e d ay

ni g Gk u s l -

E dlCa GB ü R k i t sU m, I B I ry : a gta ms mK Y r edaymanesckþ I x V l ; x V a y m an ] s S ah _ n i gm anv i ) a k . sU m , I e vTnaCaGBüak¾ l ¥ i t C a gev T n a T aM ge na H

2

y : a ge R kAB I e nH

C a evT nal ¥ i tCa g

es ckþ I e Bj ci tþ

k¾ Ca evTnaeRKatRKatCagevTna

y : ag

EtevTna

e da yki e lse FV I

ev Tn a

2

/

n i ged ay k ar R K b

T u kç e v T n a ta ms mKY r eRBaHesckþ I s u x esc k þ I s ¶ b; R b NI t

.

Rkit

eday K Y r dl; es ckþ I e kþ ARk ha y

C a evT na eRK a t -

b ri y ay dU c e B al m kehI y s U m , I T aM gB I r y : ag

d U cteT Aen H

n i g e RBa H ki else FV I

evTnaEdlCaku s l / CaevTnaeRKatRKatCagvi ) akGBüaRki t

k i else FV I [ ek þ A Rkha y

eday GM N a cs Pav ³

e da yb ri y a yd U c

)aneBalehI y . Kb, I RCab evTnaeRKatRKat ni gl ¥ i te da y

ni g e d ay P aBC a kN þ a l

.

s u x -T u kç

2

y : ag CaevT na eRKatRKa tCa g GT u kç msu x e d ay k ar p Sa ye T A e da yP aB KY rdl; esck þ I e kþ A Rh ay

ed ayeF V I e s ckþ I ke Rm I k

ni g edayR)akd . evTnaenaH l¥ i t CagTaM g BI r y: a genaH eday b ri y ay dU c eB alehI y

.

K b ,I RCa b

s PaB evTn aE dl

e R Ka t R Ka t n i gl¥ i t ed ays P av³ ed ay Rbk a rd U e cñ H . K b ,I RCab evTnaedayGM N a cbu KÁ l d U cteT Ae nH ³ev Tn arbs ; G ñ km i n c U l smabt þ i ev Tn arbs ; G ñ k cU l smabt þ i

C aevTnaeRKat RKat

C ag

e RB aHs P aB Edl ci t þ ray ma y


- 59 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

e TA k ñ ú g Ga rm μ N _ e pS g e da yb ri y a ye pS g

² ²

/ .

ev Tn ae R kA G M B I en H

- 60 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

Caev Tn al ¥ i t

Kb,I RCabevTnaeRKatRKat

ni g

l ¥ i t e da yGM N a cb u KÁ l e dayRbkard U e cñ H . K b ,I RCabevTna

C a t i k¾ CaevTnaeRKatRKat edayPav³rbs ; x ø Ü nCae dI m . d U c E dlel akeB alT u kfa H GB üakta ev Tna s u x u m a / T u k ç a e v T n a

eday GM N a cel ak i y ³

e l a ku t þ r ³

evTn a s u x u m a /

» L a r i k a s ma b n ñ s S

d U cteT AenH evTn aman Gasv³ Cael ak i y ³ / e l a ki yev T n a

Gsmbn ñ s S evTn a»L a r i k a .

T a M g e n aH C a e v T n ae RK a t RK a tCa g e v T n aEd l mi nmanGasv ³

sv a evT n a s u x u m a /

e RB aH C aeht u ekI tG asv³ C aT I t a M g én»X³ CaTI t aM gé ne ya K³

»Larika .

Gs a

s as v a evT n a

CaT I t a M gén

ev Tn aC aGBü a Rki t l ¥ i t / T u kç e v T n a e RK at

n i v rN³ Ca T I t a M g én])aTan manes c kþ I e s Ah μ g n i gCarbs ;

RK at / evTnarbs; G ñ k cU l smabt þ i l¥ i t /

T U e TA dl; bu f u C¢ n / mü : a geT ot evT nami nmanGasv ³ Caev Tn a

evTnarbs; G ñ k mi n cU l smabtþ i eRKatRKat

l ¥ i t Ca ge v T n a ma n G as v ³

evTnami n manGasv³l¥ i t / evTnamanGasv³

C a TI t aM gé nK n ß ³

k i e ls CaeRKÓged atRkg

RCa be vT n aE d le RK atR K at

/

e d ay b ri ya ye pS g ni g l ¥ i t

²

.

ed ayelaki y ³

Kb, I nig

s U m ,I s u x ev T na C aed I m

el aku tþ r ³ edayRbkard U e cñ H . kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H Caed I m

.

e RB a Hf a

Kb ,I R Cabesck þ I e pS g Kñ a

e RKa tRKa t .

e da yC at i

e v Tn aE dlsm ,y u t þ ed aykayv i B aØ aN

G k u s lv i ) a k s U m , I l ¥ i t eRBaHCaGBüaRki t e da yG M N ac é n

s U m ,I evTn aT a M g en aH

k ¾ d U c Tu k ç e v T n a

e R Ka t R Ka t

e da yP av ³ rbs ; x ø Ü n Ca ed I m

.

k¾ ed ayCat i

e RB aH dU ec ñ aH

.

e RB aH fa

/

l¥it

K b, I RC abc M eBaH

ev Tn ae RKatRKat ni gl ¥ i t Edlm i n m an ka re pS g Kñ ae day C at i


- 61 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 62 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

Caed I m . m i n ep S gK ñ a d U ce m þ c ? d U c CaevTnaEdlCaGBüa-

t a M gen Am Y y kb , CaGsgç ari k³ Gsg ç ari k³ e R K at R K at e Rk AB I

Rki t

e na Hl ¥ i t

l ¥ i t C a ge v T n aC a ku s l

Gku s l

edayCat i

.

kñúg

.

mü : ag eTot

e da ym i n Eb ø kK ñ a

e vTn a CaGk u s l

ev Tn aT aM gen a H GBü a Rk i tev Tn a y : agN a ? GV I C aT u kç evT na ?

manv i )a ke RcI n ni ge R Ka t R Ka t / manv i )a k ti c l ¥ i t . cM ENk

G V I Cas u x ev T na ? GV I C aevTnarbs ; G ñ kc U l smabt þ i ? GV I C a

ev Tn aCaku s l manv i ) a kt i c e R K a t RK a tm anv i )a ke RcI n E t

ev Tn arbs ; G ñ km i n c U l smabt þ i ? GV I Cas asvev Tn a ? G V I C a

l¥it .

GnasvevTna ? mi nKb,I R b ka n; xu s es c kþ I e pSgK ñ aéns Pav ³ e da yR b kar d U e cñ H . kñ ú gbT TaM gB Y g k¾ m ann ½ y enH . m ü : a gv i j eTot

e RB aH)alI f a

m ü : a gv i j eTot ev Tn aCa k am av c rk u s l e R K at R K at / C a rU ) av c rk u s l l¥ i t . ev Tn aC a G rU ) avc rk u s l l ¥ i t C a g

K b, I e XI j ev Tn ae R Ka t -

e na H . evTnaCaelaku t þ rku s l k¾ l ¥ i t C ag e n a H . m ü: ag eT ot

R K a t n i gl ¥ i t e RB a HG a Rs ½ y evT naen aH ek I teL I ge r Oy ² .

ev Tn aC a kam av c rk u s l

evTnashKtedayeTas³ eRKatRKatCagevTnaEdlshKt

se Rmcedays I l l ¥ i t . s U m , I s e Rmcedays I l k ¾ e RKat-

e da yel aP³ k ñ ú g Gk u s l Caed I m eRBaHd u tn i s S ½ y dU ce P ø I g /

RKat

evTnashKtedayelaP³l¥ i t . evTn as U m ,I s hKteday

P av n a C aT u e h tu k³ k¾ e R K a t RK a t . C at i e ht u k³l ¥ i t . s U m , I

e Tas ³

m i n B i t R)akd

Cati e htu k ³ Casgç a ri k ³k¾ e RKatRKat . CaGsgç a ri k ³l¥ i t .

l¥ i t . evTnataM g enAmY y kb, sU m ,I B i t R)akd k¾ e RKatRKat /

m ü : a ge T ot r U ) avc r RbRBw tþ e T Akñ ú gb zmCÄaneRKatRKat .l.

e R kA G M B I en aH

EdlCabBa© m CÄanl¥ i t

Ca n i y t³

l¥it

e R K a t RK a tB i t R)a kd

.

/

sU m, I ka rt a M gen Am Y y kb ,

C ae v T n a

e R Ka t R Ka t / e Rk A GM B I e na H l ¥ i t . s U m ,I evTn ae naHB i t R) a kd

/

seRm ce dayTan eRKatRKat

seRmcedayPavnal¥ i t

.

/

sU m , I s e Rmceday

GrU ) avcrEdlsm,yu t þ e dayGaka-

s anB a© ayt n³ eRK at RK a t

.l.

Edlsm,y u tþ ed ayenv -


- 63 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

sB aØ an asB aØ ay tn ³l ¥ i t

elaku t þ r evTna

- 64 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

sm,yu t þ ed ay

T u kk ñ ú g v i PgÁ ed ayn½ ym an CaGaT × f a G k u s l a ev Tna k u s -

e s a ta bt þ i m KÁ e RKa tRKat .l. Edlsm,y u tþ ed ayGrht þ -

l aB ü ak t ah i

m KÁ l ¥ i ted ayB i t

l ay

e na H

²

.

k ñ ú g evTnaEdl C av i )a k ki r i y a rbs ; P U m i

n i g evTnaEdlel a keBalT u k

evTnaCaedI m

edayGM N a cé nT u k ç -

evTnarbs; G ñ k mi n cU l smabti þ C aedI m

ev Tn aCae dI m

k ¾ m an n½ y enH

.

sasv-

ev Tn ah i

ev Tn a y

sniþek

TUer

/

Gk u s l a

e v Tna

evTn am an k ñ ú gT I q¶ a y

Gk u s -

GM B I e vTnaCa

ku s l ni g GBüakt / Gku s levTna Edlmankñ ú g TI C i t evTna C a G ku s l

.

RB aHd U e cñ a H

Gk u s l evTn am an k ñ ú gTI q¶ ayB I

b ¤ s U m , I e B aled ayGM N a c

k u s l n i g G Bü kt³ ed ay CasPa K³K ñ a e d ay mi nT M n ak; T M n g

»kas Tu k ç e vTnakñ ú g nrkk¾ e RKatRKat / Tu k ç e vTnakñ ú g kM e NI t

Kñ a ni g edaymi n dU c Kñ a . evTnaCaku s l ni g GBüaRki t k¾ m an

ti r cä a nl¥ i t .l. Tu k ç e vTnakñ ú g sY K ’ C an; b rni m i μ t vsvtþ I l ¥ i t .

kñ ú g TI q ¶ a yBI G ku s ldU c Kñ a . kñ ú g var³TaM g BY g k¾ m ann½ y enH .

m ü : a ge T ot

bTen Hfa

K b ,I Rbkbs U m ,I s u x ev Tn a

k ñ ú gbT TaM gB Y g t am

ev Tn aCaGk u s l

mankñ ú gT I Ci tén Gku s l

smK Y r d U c e B al kñ ú g T u kç evTn a / evT naNa ² manvtß ú e f a k

CasPaK ³K ñ a

T ab ed ayGM N a cvtß ú C ae v T n aeR K a t RKa t / m an v tß ú Rb NI t

B i s þ a rkñ ú g k a rE c k ma n e v T n aGtI tCaed I m . EtbTen H Kb , I

CaevTnal ¥ i t

RCabsU m ,I s BaØ a CaedI m Edlsm,yu t þ e dayevTnaenaH ² y: a g

/

E dle fa kTa b evTnaEdll¥it

ev TnaNaEdle RKatRKat n i g R bN I t

ev Tn ae naH

CaevTnaRbNIt

k ñ ú gR be PT énv t ß ú

Caev Tn ae fakT ab

/

Kb,IeXIjedayRbkar

dUecñH . cM ENkbTfa T U e r s n þ i e k Ci t n i g q ¶ ay elak)anE ck

e d a yT a k; TgK ñ a

n i gd U c K ñ a

e day

C a kfamu xe day

e nH dU c Kñ a . m ü : a ge T ot ev Tn aCae dI m e n H e l ak u tþ r F m’ N a m keh I y k ñ ú gF m’ Ta M gL ay ed ays egç b e d ay e by üa l f a c k ç ú . e b. C r a m r N M / Fm ’ T aM gL ay en aH m i n Kb,I k an ; y kk ñ ú g G Fi k ar e n H


- 65 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 66 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH c U l eTACi tGsm μ s nB a Ø a N . Fm ’ T a M g e n aH e l ak e B al

b c© ú b, nñ

T u ked ay GM N ac k a rsE mþ g Fm ’

G t I tt i k³eh I y

E dlel akse ® gÁ a He d ay bT

e na H ² Et m ü: a g ni g e d ay n½ ym an m keh I y k ñ ú g GP i e B aØ yü n i e TÞ s

.

m ü: a ge T ot

f a C ar bs ; m i n eT o g

s U m ,I kM N t ; ed ayGM N ac é n

k ¾ Kb , I e FV I s m μ s nB a Ø a N

ed ay es ckþ I m i n

e T og Caed I m e n aH É g .

F m’ Ta M g LayNac U l dl; s m μ s n -

k¾ e RBaHdw g vtß ú E dlmi n eTog

manRbePTCasgç t ³CaedI m

B aØ aN / k ñ ú gF m’ Ta M ge na H F m’ T aM gL ayN aR)akddl ; j aN

e da ysP aBB i t R )a kd . dU ecñ aH ed I m , I s Em þ gb ri y ay é n rU b

Na

e na H

rE m gdl ; ka r kM N t; k an ; y k ) an ed ayg a y

/

kñ ú gF m’

b ¤ e d I m , I s Em þ gka r R b RBw tþ e T Aé nmns i k a r

e d ayG a k a r

T a M g e n aH Kb , I R ) a rB§ s m μ s nB a Ø a N e da yj aNen a H . K b, I

e pS g ² RB Hsa rI b u Rt eT I b eB alb Tm an Ca GaT × fa r U b M G t I -

RCabfa el akeBaldl ; s m μ s nB a Ø a N ed ay GM N acja N

t a n a K tb , c © ú b , n ñ M G n i c © M s g ç t M r U b EdlCa GtI t G naKt ni g

T a M g e n aH

b c© ú b, nñ m i n e T og Edlbc© ½ yta k; E t g . Bi tN as; rU be na H

Cra

e d a y b ri y a y fa

ni g mr N ³

G M N a cC a ti

Cra

kale bI B i ca rN aF m ’

kñ ú g es c kþ I m i n mans m μ s nB a Ø a N ni gm rN ³

sU m , I j aNTaM g e n aH

ma n Ca t i e da y k¾ Ca k a r

)anB i c arN aeh I y .

eRBaHelakeBalsmμ s nBaØ a NTu k edayGM N acénti k ³

E dlC a Gt I t Gnic©eta

e d ayn ½ y ma n C a GaT i fa

vvetßti

Gnic©M

e RB a H Gtß f a

m an e h I y mi nmanv i j

/

eQμ a Hf a

G n i c © M e RB aH m anT I bM pu t KW es ckþ I m i n eT o g b ¤ e RB a H man xa g edI m ni g xagcu g / eQμ a Hfa sgç t eRBaHRtÚ v bc© ½ y tak; E tg .

s U m ,I mi nb : H Bal ; d l ; e s ckþ I e pS g ² m an G C Ä tþ Ca edI m

Ca

G t I t a n a K tb , c © ú b , n ñ M

RB HeyaKavcrrEmgk M N t; G tI t

GnaKt

eQμaHfa

bdic©smub,nñM

eRBaHGaRs½ybc©½yekIteLIg

RBHsarI b u Rt sEm þ gdl ; e s ckþ I m i n xV l ; x V aydl ; b c© ½ y

.

sU m, I

k al e b I rU b RtÚ v bc © ½ y tak; Etg . bTfa x yF m μ M m an karGs ; e TA C aFmμ ta

)andl ;

Gs ; e T A Ca F mμ t a Gs ; e T A Ca R bR k tI .


- 67 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 68 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa v yF m μ M v i n as e T A C aF mμ ta ) an dl; m an k a rvi nase TA

m an k a rvi nase TACaFmμ t a

C a Fm μ ta . rU be nH mi n Gs ; e T A e d a yGM N ac k a rGs ; e T Aé n

e da ysn þ t i

P aB C aG ñ km an esc k þ I x ¢ i l RcGU s R) as ca kRb Rkt I E t mü : ag .

E bk F ø a yénxN³rbs ; r U b / m an k ar rl t; C a Fm μ ta ed ay k ar

s U m ,I esck þ I B üayaml μ m n w ge FV I [ x¢ i l R cGU s

q ø g pu teh I y mi ne kI tm ke T ot .

ela kk¾ eBal

f a k ar Gs ; e TA k ñ ú gel ak . bTfa

v i r aK F m μ M

r U bma n ka rE b kF ø ay eT AC aF m μ t a

kñ ú g bTmanCaGaT× f a

bT en H

m i n E mn P¢ a b; eT ACamY y e da y

kare TAk ñ ú gT I N a Q an kn ø gsP av ³ C aR b Rk tI E tm ü: ag . el akeB alT u kf a

.

k a re x< I mreG I mkþ I

karQanknø gk þ I

e d ayk a rv i n as én r U b EdlTak ; T g

CramrNM Gni c © M

Cra

e d ay k ar

ni g mrN³

mi n eTog e s ckþ I f a Cra n i g mrN³ m i n E mn mi n e T o g / E t C ra

dU c

n i gm rN³ eQ μ a H fa m i n eT o g eRB a Hx n§ Ta M g Laym ank ar mi n

eQμ a H

e T og C as Pa v ³ e T I b man C ra n i gm rN ³ . s U m ,I kñ ú g s g ç t

viraK .

Caed I m k¾ m an n½ yen Hd U c K ñ a . k ñ ú g rv a ge byü al e RB a Hs U m ,I

bTfa

n i e raFFm μ M

ma n ka rrl t; e TA C aFmμ ta

b Te nH

C a t i k ¾ m i n eT o g Ca ed I m e TI bm an n½ y e n Hd U c K ñ a .

Kb, I

bTmanCaGaT× f a Cati b ,c© y a CramrNM Cati C abc© ½ y

e d a y GM N a ck a r bk

e TI bm an C ra n i g m rN³ e n H e l ak m i n )aneBaleday GM N ac

RsaybTmu n ² f a m an k a rrlt; eT A ed aykarrl t ; e s ckþ I

v i b s Sn a el akeBale daybri y a y fa s mμ snB aØ aNrE mg

m i n v i l R tLb ; mk e T ot C a Fm μ t aE t m ü: a g .

man

m i n Em nvi l RtL b ; m keT ot RCabfa

ed ayQ an kn ø g sPav³

el akeBaldl ; b T e R ka y

m ü : a gv i j eTot

Kb,I Rb k bf a

²

/

r U bm an ka rGs; eT ACa

Fmμ t aedaykarEbkFø a yeTAénrU b EdlTak; T genAkñ ú g PBmY y /

)andl ; e s ckþ I s e g ç b e day G M N a cGg Á m Y y

c © s mu b, aT

eh I y kM N t; Tu kE tm ü : a g

E mn kla bsm μ s nB a Ø a N /

/

²

é n bd i -

Etes ck þ I e naH

min

en aHCaFm μ d æ i ti B aØ aN b: u e N Ñ a H .


- 69 - Gdækfa smμsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 70 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa Gsti Ca ti y a k al e bI Ca t i m i n m an e nH el a k

Gdæ k fa «TyBV y BaØ a Nni e TÞ s

eFV I C ali g Á v i b lø a s . eTI b elakeBalfa Gsnþ i y a Cati y a . bTfa G s t i

s g ç a e rs u

kalebI s gç a rm i n m an

el ake FV I Ca

v cnv i b l ø a s el akeB alfa Gsen þ s u sgç a e r s u . b T m an C aGa T × f a Pvb, c © y C a t i / G s t i e RB aH PB

\ LÚ v en H ed I m , I k M N t; s gç a rT aM gL ayE dlGñ ke TAdl ; eRtI y taM g enAehI y edayeFI V P avna[Kg; v gS edayn½ y epSg² énsmμ s nBaØ a NdU c eBalehI y kñ ú g lM d ab;

eXI j ehI y eday

C a bc © ½ y eT I b m an Ca ti . kal eb I P Bm i n ma n K b, I Rb kbe da y

P aB C ar bs ; m i n e T ogCaed I m e day]TyB V y B a Ø a N rbs ; mi n

n ½ y ma n C aG a T× f a e RB aH PB Ca bc© ½ y eT I b m an C at i / k al eb I

e T og C aed I m RBHs a rI b u tþ eT I b sE mþ g r U b E dle k I t e d ay bc© ½ y

PBm i n ma n Ca ti k ¾ m i n man .

TaM g LaytamEdlCarbs; x ø Ú n edaysnþ t i kñ ú g bTmanCaGaT×

¬ cb; GdækfasmμsnBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

CatM rU b M rU b EdlekI t ehI y kñ ú g ni e TÞ s én]TyBV y anu b sSna d U ceB aleh I y . bTfa ] Tey a )andl ; C a t i KW k a re k I t C a G ak a rf μ I é nrU bEdl ekI teh I y en a H m an kar e kI t Calk ç N ³ . bTfa v e ya ) andl; k a r Gs; eT A karrlt ; e T A m an ka r E R bRb Ü l C al kç N ³ / ka rB i c arNaerOy ² eQ μ a H fa G n u bsSna / GFi b ,ayfa )andl; ]TyBV y anu b sSnajaN . sU m ,I k ñ ú g evTnaCaedI m k¾ m ann½ y enHdU c Kñ a . mi n b: H Bal; d l; C ra


- 71 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

ni g mrN³

e RB aH k a re kI t

ka rv i n asE dlmanCati

m rN ³ KY rkM N t; k an ; y k

m i nb : H B al; C at i

Cra

- 72 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

Cra

nig

n i g m rN ³

kEn ø gNa k ¾ m i n s nS M T u k G a Rs ½ y es ck þ I B ü ay am

/

k a rB i t B i N kþ I

Gñ kedjB i N k þ I

Edle k I t B I karBü ay am én k U n eQ I

e RB aH m i n man karek I t n i gk a rvi nas eh I y el akeF I V e byüal

e djBi N m i n ma neh I y k¾ e nA m an) a n / l u Hm an eh I y k ¾ K g;

f a C a t M ck ç ú M . e b. C a e t a P e v a c kç ú e k I t eh I y >> >>

vi n as)any: a gNa / Fm’ m anrU b ni g mi n manrU b sU m ,I T aM g Gs;

P Be kI t

eh I y dU ecñ H . RBH e y a Kav c ren a H k al e XI j ka re k I t ni g

k ¾ dU ecñ aH

k a rv i n as én xn §

v i j RB Hey a Kav c rrEm ge XI j edayRbkard U e cñ H Ég .

kgkþI

5

k a rsn SM k þ I

y : ag en H

rE mg dw gy : ag en H fa

ka rrY m C a

rEm g mi nmandl ; x n§ Edle nAmi nT an ; e k I t

m u n GM B I xn § T a M g e n He kI t

/

eQμ a Hf a

k a r mk e d ay rY m C akg

m i n m an

k¾ K g ; m an ) an

l u H maneh I y

RBHsarI b u t þ k alsEmþ g kareXI j karekI t

k¾ nw g vi nas

ni g karvi n as

edaysegç b y: a genHehI y \LÚ v enHedI m ,I s Emþ g edayBi s þ a r

/

eTI b sY r dl; c M n Y n edayrY m Cakg edaybTmanCaGaT× f a bBa© n ñ M

eQμ a Hfa kareTAkan; T i s tU c FM rEmgmi n mansU m ,I d l; x n§ E dl

xn§ a nM ]TyM bsSenþ a kti lkç N ani bsSti RBHeyaKavcr

rlt ;

kalB i ca rN aeX I j ka r ekI tén xn §

e da yk a rsn SM

snSM

/

rEm g mi nmans U m ,I dl; xn § E dle kI teL I g

eQμ a Hf a ka r t aM g cu H e d ay k ar rY m C a k g e day k a r edaykarrkSaT u kk ñ ú g TI kEn ø gm Y y

dl ; x n§ Edl rlt; e hI y B i N eh I y

.

rE mg m i n mans U m , I

/

r Em gB i c a rN aeX I j

l kç N ³b : u n μ an / k alB i c arNaeX I j ka rekI té nxn § 5 eT I b

kale Ke dj

eqø I y dl; c M n Y n edayrY m Cakg edaybTmanCaGaT× bBa© v I s ti

m i n ma nk a rsn S M T u k BI mu n

l k ç N an i b s S ti rEm gB i c a rN aeX I j l kç N ³ 25 eh I y

dU c G ñ kedjB i N

s M e L gB i N k¾ ek I t

5

[ek I t / ka le kI t k¾ m i n m an ka rsn SM / kareTAkan; Ti s tU c FM

s Y r dl; cM n Y n ed ay ka rE c keT o t

rbs ; s e mø g Bi N Edlrlt ; e TA k ¾ m i n m an / rl t; ehI y m i n f a

n § s S ] Ty M bsSenþ a k t i l k ç N a n i bsS t i

e da ybT m an C aGaT ×

r U b kç -

RBH ey a Kav c r


- 73 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

kalB i ca rN aeX I j ka r ekI tén rU b kç n§ b:unμan

ehI ye q ø I yc M n Y n

- 74 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

r E m ge XI j l kç N ³

e da yka r c M E Nk

m a M s g ç a ru ) aT an k ar R bk a n; ma M kñ ú gs gç arenaHÉ g .

e daybT man C a

bTfa

G a h a rs m u T ya

eRB a HGah are k I t

)andl ;

G a T× f a r U b kç n § s S ]Ty M b s S e n þ a b B a © l k ç N an i b s S ti

e RB aH kv L w g á a ra h a r man km ø aM g kñ ú gb c © ½ yEdlRb RB w t þ e TA

eT I b

RBHeyaKavcr

k a n; ykGah a ren a HÉg

k¾Ca

kalBi c a rN aeX I j ka re k I t é n rU b kç n §

rE mg

Bi c arNaeXI j lkç N ³ 5 ehI y sY r dl; k arEcklkç N ³mü: a g

c M ENkkan ; y ks U m ,I ]t u

e T ote d ayb T m an C aGa T × f a r U b kç n § s S ] Ty M b s S e nþ a k t -

e TA p gd U c Kñ a .

m a n i bBa © l kç N an i b s S ti kalB i c arNaeX I j ka rekI té n

.

k¾ ka lk an ; y kG ah a re n a H n i gc i tþ

Edl C aeh tu én karRbRB w tþ

bTfa ni B V t þ i l kç N M mankarekI t Calkç N ³ esckþ I f a

r U b kç n§ rEmgeX I j l kç N³ 5 et I d U cem þ c eh I y e TI beq ø I y t

el akeB aldl ; ka rek I té nrU beda y GM N a cé nG T§ a

e TA .

snþ t i ni g xN³ / mü: a geTotkarekI t enaHÉg eQμ a Hfa lkç N ³ kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H b Tfa G v i C ¢ a sm u T y a r U b s m u T Þ e ya

e RB aH Gv i C ¢ ae kI t eB aleh I y f a

rU beT I b ekI t

es ck þ I f a

rE mg e kI t rU b

k al

e RB aH C alkç N ³énsg ç t³ . bTfa b B a © l k ç N a n i l k ç N ³ 5 )andl ; l k ç N ³

k al ma n Gv i C ¢ ad U c

e mah³ kñ ú g km μ P Bm u n Ca Gv i C ¢ a

KW

5

T a M g e n aH

KW

G vi C¢ a

tNða

kmμ

Gahar

ni gkarek I t

.

k ñ ú gPB en H . bT f a b c© y sm u T ye d æ n es ck þ I f a e d ay k ar

B i t N as ; s U m ,I Fm ’ 4 m an Gv i C ¢ a C aed I m k ¾ e Q μ a H fa l kç N ³

e k I t eLI gén bc © ½ y . m ü: a ge T ot Gv i C ¢ a t Nð a km μ C a bc © ½ y

e RB aH C ae R KÓ g kM N t; k ar e kI té n rU b . cM ENk n i B V t þ i k are k I t

k ñ ú gG t I t

Calkç N ³énsgç t ³ eQμ a Hfa lkç N ³ eRBaHCaeRKÓgkM N t; f a

Caehtu é nbd i s n § i k ñ ú g PB e n H

.

m ü: a ge T ot

kal

Rbkan ; m aM G vi C¢ a tN ð a km μ 3 y : a g T a M g e n H C a kar R b ka n;

s U m ,I karekI t e n aH k¾ C a s gç t³ .


- 75 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

GviC¢anieraFa

r U b n i e r aeF a

- 76 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB a HG vi C ¢ a rl t ;

bTfa bBa© lkç N ani lkç N ³ 5 kñ ú g bTenH )andl;

r U be TI brlt ; esckþ I f a k al rl t; Gv i C ¢ akñ ú gPBenH eRBaHCa

k a r rl t; edaym i n m anG v i C¢ a tNð a km μ ni gG ah a r 4 / RB m

b c© ½ yén PB kñ ú gGna Kt

T a M g k ar E RbR b Ü l 1 rY m C a 5 . kñ ú gevT naxn § Ca ed I m k¾ m an

eda yGrht þ m KÁ B aØ aN

rU b Gn a Kt

rEmgmi ne kI t K W rlt; e RB aH m i n man bc © ½ y . bTfa

b c© y n i e r a Fe d æ n

ed aykarrl t ; é n bc © ½ y

n ½ y enH . b : u E nþ epSgK ñ a K W ka re XI j k arek I t ni g kar vi nas KW

é nG rU b kç n §

e d ay GM N ac é n GT§ a

k al

ni gs nþ ti

mi nE mn

edaykarrlt; é nbc© ½ y . mü: a geTot kñ ú g karrlt; kñ ú g bTenH

edayxN³ . psS³ Cabc© ½ y énkarRbRBw t þ e TArbs; e vTnaxn§

C a k ar rl t ; G vi C¢ a tN ð a n i gkm μ Edl C abc © ½ yén bd i s n § i k ñ ú g

sB aØ ax n§ n i gsg ç ark ç n § / n i e r aF C ab c © ½ y é n ka r RbR Bw tþ e T A

GnaKt .

rbs ; e v Tn ax n§

bTfa r U be TI brlt ; sm u d æ an

Gaharn i e r aF a )andl;

r U b n i e r a eF a e RB aH Ga h a r rl t;

k a rm i n ma n rU bE dlm an G ah are na H Ca

rE mg ma nm i n ) an

e RB aH k arm i n man kvL w g á a r ah a r

E dlCab c © ½ y é n ka r RbR Bw t þ e T A . bTfa vi b ri i N amlkç N M mankarERbRbÜ l Calkç N ³ )andl ;

k a r rl t; énrU be da yG M N ac GT § a k al s nþ t i ni g

e na H

.

na m rU b

sB aØ a xn §

n i g s gç a rkç n §

e RB aH rlt ; psS ³

C ab c © ½ yén karRb RB w t þ rbs ; v i B a Ø a Nk ç n§

.

n i e r aF C abc© ½ y énv i B a Ø a Nkç n § e RB aH rl t; namrU b enaH . EtGacarüBY k xø H eBalfa namrU b mi n Tak; T gdl; c M E Nk G t I tC ae dI m e RB a HeXI j ka re k I t n i g k a rvi n as e day bc © ½ y 4 e d aye kI t eL I g eRB aH Gv i C¢ a Ca e d I m e d ayGM N acP aBes μ I K ñ a T a M g Gs ;

e RB aH eh tu en aH

e TI bk a n; ykeht u Rtw mE t fa

kar

xN ³ / karrl t ; e n a HÉ g e l a ke B alf a C al kç N ³ eRBaH

e k I t eLI g . e RB a H Gvi C ¢ a Ca e d I m rl t; n am rU b eT I b rl t; e RB a H

C al k ç N ³é nsg ç t³ .

eh t u e n aH eT I b k an ; y ke h tu Rtw m Et k arm i n ek I t / m i n E mn kan ;


- 77 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

ykka rrlt ;

.

n amrU b

) an d l ;

- 78 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

RB Hey a Kav c rrEm g ka n;

y k ka re k I t k a r rl t; én xn § T aM gL ay Edl Ca bc © ú b ,n ñ e RB a H

e dI mrlt ; / enHCakareX I j ka re k I t ni g ka r rl t; eRB a Hbc © ½ y rbs ; RBH ey a Kav c ren a H .

e XI j k arek I t n i gk a rr lt; e da yxN ³ d U e cñ H .

mü: a geTot RBHeyaKavcrkaleXI j karekI t Calkç N ³

kalceRmI n vi b sSnaeFV I T u k kñ ú g ci t þ

k a rE R b Rb Ü l Cal k ç N ³ eQ μ a Hfa rEmgeX I j ka re k I t n i gk a r

dl ; ka re k I t ni gk a r rl t; ed ay Pa BCab c © ½ ym u n ehI yl Hb g;

v i n as én xn § T a M g L ay en H Ca k are XI j k arek I t n i g k ar vi nas

F m ’ 4 m an Gv i C ¢ aC aed I m k ñ ú g xN³ce RmI nv i b s Sn a k a n; yk

e RB aH xN³

x n§ Ta M gLay Edlm anka re k I t

Calkç N ³kñ ú g xN³ekI t enaHÉg ni g karERbRbÜ l k¾ C alkç N ³

Gñ k ceRmI n vi b sSna

e XI j k arek I t

ni g ka r rl t ; é n xn § T a M g e n aH

v i b s Sn ay : a gen H e da yb c© ½ y e nH

/

n i gk a rrlt ; en aHÉg .

e TI b

k al c e RmI n

é nRB He ya K av cr en aH

n i gk a rr lt; e da yB i s þ a r

s m u T ysc ©

n i g e d ay l kç N ³fa

kare kI t é n rU b C aed I m y: a g

e XI j k arek I te da ybc© ½ y

v i n as eT Ay : agen H

/

rU bC a ed I m e kI t eL I gy : a ge n H

j aNd w g fa

n ½ y fa

/

F m ’ T aM ge nHm i n m an

rEmg®) akddl; RB Hey a Kavcr EdleXI j k arek I t

ed ay

n i gk arvi nas

RBHeyaKavcrGñ k ) andw gdl; tN ð a [ ek I t . Tukçsc©

rE mg®) akd

ed ay ka re XI j k arek I t

eday

xN ³ dl ; R BHeyaKavcrGñ k ) andw gdl; Tu kç E dl ek I t .

R B H e y aK av c r e n aH r E m ge XI j ka r ekI tén xn § T a M g L ay e RB aH G vi C ¢ a C aed I m ekI t n i g k a r rl t; énx n§ Ta M gLay e RB a H Gv i C ¢ aC a

k ar e kI t

e da yc M E NkT aM g 2 K W ed aybc © ½ y ni ged ay xN³ r bs ;

eh I y m an m an e h I y mi nman dU ec ñ H C aj aNd ¾ b ri s u T § i Cag . RbePTénsc © ³bd i c© s m u b, aTn ½ y n i gl kç N³ rEmg®)akd .

B i tN as;

k ñ ú gxN³ rl t; .

eX I j ka re k I t

k a rv i n asy : a ge n H

.

n i e r a Fs c© b c© ½ y

rE mgR)akde daykareX I j ka r rl t; eRB a H

dl ; R B He yaK av c rG ñ k)a nd w gdl ; k a r m i n e k I t

é nk a r


- 79 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

m an b c© ½ y

e RB a Hb c© ½ y mi ne kI t

.

Tukçsc©

- 80 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

en aHÉg

rE mg

®)akddl ; k a re XI j ka rv i n as ed ay xN³dl ; RBH eya Kav cr G ñ kd w gk ñ ú g m rN ³T u k ç k a rv i n as

.

m ü : a ge T ot

r bs ; RBH e y a Kav c ren a H

k ar e X I j ka re k I t m KÁ s c ©

nig

rE mg ® )a k d f a

k a re k I t n i g k a rsU nü eT A / sg ç tF m ’ T aM ge naH G a ®s½ yK ñ a eT I b e k I t eLI g . m ü : a ge T ot

n½y

4

KW

Éktþn½y

edaykareXI j karekI t edaybc© ½ y

n½ yénPaB EtmY y

rEmg®)akddl; R BHeya-

m KÁ e n He nACaelak i y ³ eRB a Hkm© a t; e s ckþ I v e g V g k ñ ú g ka re XI j

KavcrenaH Gñ k )andw g kñ ú g kardac; e TAénsnþ a n edaykarsm< ½ n §

k a re k I t ni g k a rvi nase naH .

K ñ ae da yeh tu pl Edl RB HeyaKav cr rEmgl Hbg ; ] ec ä T Ti dæ i

m ü : a ge T ot b di c © s m u b , aT CaGnu el am ed aykareX I j k a re k I t e d ay bc© ½ y )aneX I j fa

\msμw

v tß ú e nH rE mg m an

.

rE mg®)akddl ; RBH eya Kav cren aHE dl sti

\TM

k al v t ß ú en Hman

b di c © s m u b, aT Ca bd i e l am

e XI j k arv i n as e da yb c© ½ y G ñ k)aneX I j fa

ehati

\msμw

/

ed aykar

r E m g ® )a kd d l ; R B He yaK av c r

n i e r a Fa

\TM

n i r u C Ä ti

e RB aH v tß ú e n H

)any : a gl ¥ . n a n tþ n ½ y é n P aB e p S g ² Kñ a e d ay ka reX I j k a re k I t ed ayxN³ dl ; ka re k I t é n Fm’ fμ I

rE mg®)akddl ; RBH eya Kav crG ñ k e XI j ²

RB He ya K avc ren a H

ssStT i d æ i ) any : a gl ¥ . mü : a ge T o t P aB mi nx V l ; x V a y

rE mgl Hb g;

G B ü a ) a r n ½ y n ½ y én

eday kareXI j ka re k I t e d ay bc© ½ y

®)akddl ; RB Hey a Kavcr

rE mg

G ñ keXI jdl ; s PaBEdl Fm ’ T a M g -

rlt; vtß ú e nHeTI b rlt; dU e cñ H . mü: a gvi j eTot Fm’ T aM g Lay

L aym i n R bR Bw tþ e T Akñ ú gGM N ac Edl RBHeyaKav cren aHrE mg

E dlG a Rs½ y K ñ a ekI teL I g

l Hb g; G tþ T i d æ i ) an y: ag l¥

s U n ü eT AedayxN ³

eday kareXI j ka re k I t

n i gk a r

rE mg®)akddl ; d l ; R B He yaK av c rG ñ k

)aneX I j l kç N ³énsgç t³ .

eRB a Hsg ç t F m’ Ta M gLa ym an

.

m ü : a gv i j eTot

ÉvMFmμtan½y

n½ y CaFmμ t ay: a genH edaykareXI j karekI t edaybc© ½ y rEmg ®)akddl; R BHeyaKavcrGñ k eXI j kñ ú g karekI t énpl

tamsm


- 81 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 82 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

K Y rdl ; bc© ½ y eBlenaHRB HeyaKavcrrE mgl Hbg; G ki ri yT i d æ i

sc© b di c © s mu b ,aTn½ y

)any : a gl ¥ .

e na H fa

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- 83 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 84 - Gdækfa ]TyBVyBaØaNnieTÞs

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- 85 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

- 86 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

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- 87 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

- 88 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

citþ .

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- 89 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

e da yk a rbri c© a K

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- 90 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

e RB aHl Hb g;

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GaTanM

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m ü : a ge T ot

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- 91 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

Ég

ed I m , I e XI j k arrl t; rbs; xn § m Y y

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- 92 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

kñ ú gx n§ Ta M g Lay

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- 93 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

- 94 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

bTfa PgÁ B a© Gnu b sSti Bi c arNaeXI j karEbkFø a y

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B i c a rN aGa r m μ N _

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v t ß ú mi n rl t;

rE mg rl t; /


- 95 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

v tß ú m i n Eb kF ø ay

rE mg Eb k Fø ay

d U e cñ H

- 96 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

k¾ l Hb g; ni m i t þ Edl

R b RB w t þ e TA eh I y kñ ú g]b , aT zi t i é ns gç a rT aM gB Y g

d U c P a Cn ³

s gç a rT aM gL ayT a M g BY g r E m gE bk Fø aye TA ² d U e cñ H Pg Á an u bs Sn aj aN ma nGan i s gS 8 C a b ri v a r rEm g ma nk mø a M g .

c as ; kM B u gEb k / d U c F U l I l ¥ i t kM B u g Eth u y eL I g / dU c R K ab ;

G a n i s gS 8 T a M g e n H K W H

l¶lIg

k a rl HPv Ti d æ i 1

e na H

rEm ge XI j ka r Eb k Fø aye na H Ég

rEmg eX I j fa

.

sgç a rT aM g LayTaM gB Y g

RBH ey aK av c r rE mgE bk e T A

karl Hesckþ I R )af ñ akñ ú g C I v i t 1

E bk F ø a y d U cb u rsG ñ k m anE Pñ k l ¥ Q relI m at ; Rs He )a k ç rN I

k a r Rb k bes ckþ I x V l ; x V ay kñ ú gb u N ük u s lRKb; k al 1

b ¤ Q rel I m a t ; RCa M g Ten ø

P aB ma n G aCI v ³b r i s u T§ 1

kale bI R K a b; eP ø ógF ø a k; c u H mk

e XI j BB kT w kF M e k I t eL I g elI ép Þ T w k

K b, I

ehI yk ¾ EbkF ø aye TAv i j

R)asca kP½ y 1

dUecñaH . RBHmanRBHPaKCam© a s;

Rtas; s M e dAdl; R BHeyaKavcr

yfa b u B V ú L k M b e s S Év M e la k M Ge vk ç n þ M

kar)anxn þ i n i ges arc © ³ 1 k a r Gt ; RT a M k ñ ú ges ckþ I e RtkGr n i g T as ; c i tþ 1

G ñ ke XI j y : ag en Hf a

m c© ú raC

l Hes ckþ I x V l ; x V a yk ñ ú g k a re FV I )ab 1

y f a be s S m rI c i k M m c© u r a C a n b s S ti .

rE mgm i n e XI j Gñ kE dlB i c a rN aeX I j el a k

d U cRB He yaK av c reX I j BB u H Tw k b ¤ é f ¶ b eNþ I r kU n dU ec ñ aH . k al e b I RBHe ya K avc ren a H eX I j erOy ² y : a g en H fa

e da yeh tu e na H b u raNacarü eT I b eB alf a H \ ma n i

Gd æ K Á ú N m u t þ m a n i

TisVa thi smμstI bunb,únM / G aTi t þ e c ls S i r s U b ema

muni

P gÁ a n u b sS I G m ts S b tþ i y a .


- 97 - Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs

- 98 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa GaTI n vBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

R B H m u n I G ñ ke XI j s g ç a rT aM gL ay E bkF ø a ye T Ae r Oy ² l u H eX I j Gani s gS

Edl mankarl HPv Ti dæ i Ca ed I m Ta M gen H fa

CaFm’ d ¾ x < s ; b M p u t edayKu N 8 RbkarehI y edI m ,I s eRmcGmt³

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g Ga T I n vB aØ aNn i e TÞ s d U cteT AenH

K W RB Hn i B V an e TI bB i c ar N asg ç are da yP gÁ a nu bs Sn ae rOy ²

bTfa ] b ,a e T a ka rek I teL I g KW k a re k I t eL I g k ñ ú gela k en H

d U cb u K Á l ma ns M B t; CY t k,al EdleP ø I g kM B u g e qH dU ec ñ aH .

e RB aH k mμ c as ; C ab c © ½ y . bTfa bv tþ M ka rRbRB w t þ eT A K W ka r R b RBw tþ e T A én kar

¬ cb;Gdækfa PgÁanubsSnajaNnieTÞs ¦

3

e k I t eLI gy : ag en aH . bT f a n i m i t þ M KW sgç a rn i m i tþ s U m ,I Ta M g G s; . bTfa Gay U h n M k mμ R b mU l m kC a P ½ y K W k m μ E dl Ca eh t u é n bd i s n § i t eTA . bTfa b d i s n § i KW k a re k I t te T A . bTfa K t i )andl ; Kti Edl Cabd i s n § i . bTfa n i B V t þ i )andl ; ka re kI t eL I g énxn§ Ta M gL ay . bTfa

] bb t þ i

)andl ;

k a r RbR Bw tþ e T Aé nvi ) a kEd l

el akeB alT u kf a s m ab nsS v a ] b ,nñ s S v a én P i k ç ú G ñ k c U l s ma bt þ i e h I y k þ I G ñ k cU l dl ; e h I t k þ I . bTfa

Cati

)an dl ;

Cati ma n PBC ab c© ½ y Edl Ca


- 99 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

b c© ½ yén Cra Cae dI m

.

ed ay Rtg ;

- 100 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

Cati

B I r bT en H

KW

KW

niBVtþi

Cati

Caevv cn³ én

]b,aT

nig

k a r R )a kd RK a dM bU g énxn§ Ta M gLay Edl R )akddl ; s t V Edl

b d i s n § i . B I rbT en H KW K t i ] b b t þ i Caevv cn³ én karRbRB w t þ

e kI t k ñ ú gPBenaH ² .

e TA / C r a Caed I m Caevv cn³ én n i m i t þ . d U cEdl elakeB al

bTfa C r a ) andl; k a r cas ; é nx n§ s nþ an Edl Ta k ; T g

T u kf a H ]b,aTB a © b v t þ B a © n i m i t þ M T u k ç n þ i

K ñ a kñ ú gPB mY y k ñ ú gsn þ t i Edld w gfa m ane Fμ j ) a k; C ae dI m .

GayUhnM

bTfa e s ae k a ) andl ; es ckþ I e k þ A R kh ay c i t þ rbs ;

RBHeyaKavcr rEmgeX I j ]b,aT³ KW k a rek I t bv t þ ³

R t Ú v esckþ I v i n as j a ti C aed I m B al ; R t Ú v . )andl ;

es ckþ I c eg ¥ ót c g ¥ l ; c i t þ

KW

k a r Rb RB w t þ e TA

n i m i tþ ³

y : ag xø a M g K W eT as³Edl ek I tBI T u kç t am pø Ú v c i t þ y : a gx ø aM g r bs ;

k m μ C ae h t u [ bd i s n § i

G ñ kE dlRt Ú v esckþ I v i n asjati C ae dI m Bal ; R t Ú v .

G a TI nvBa Ø aN

m ü : a ge T ot

k ñ ú gbT enHel akeBaldl ; j aN kñ ú gGaT I -

Ga T I n ev

Cayt I t i c .

bTfa b ri e T v ) andl ; es ck þ I x Sw kx S Ü l rbs ; Gñ kE dl

] ) ay a es a

jaNM

\Tn þ i c \ T M G aTI n ev j a N M bB a © d æ a ens u

G ñ kE dlRt Ú v esckþ I v i n asjati C ae dI m Bal ; R t Ú v .

bTfa

bdisn§w

bs St i

5

KW

eRKÓgs mÁ al ;

n i gbd i s n § i k a re kI t

n i gGaT I n vB a Ø a Ne nH

Ga yU h n ³

f a C aT u k ç

KW

e nH C a

rE m gek I teL I gk ñ ú g z an³

.

nvB a Ø a N 5 y : ag ma n] b, aT ³Ca ed I m e d ay GM N a cCa T I t a M g

m ü : a gv i j eTot B akþ fa P y n þ i kñ ú g R K b; bT k a t ; b T C a

é nG aT I n vBa Ø aN . d ¾ e ss elakeB aled ayPaBCaevv cn ³

P y M \ t i . bT fa P y M eQμ a Hf a P ½ y e RB aH ma nP½ y c M e B aH

é nF m’ Ta M gen a H .

m u x eday Rb kbkare botebon . bTfa

\ti

Ca ka rsE mþ g


- 101 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

- 102 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

eh tu é n P y t U b d æ a n B aØ a N . c M ENkbTman CaGaT× f a j aN M

KW

jaNkñ ú g sn þ i bT fa

sn þ i KW k ñ ú g n i B V an . B i t N as ; s U m ,I j aNe k I t eLI g e RB aH Gnub,aeTa

e x mn þ i

k a rm i n ek I t

s n þ i b eT

C ak a r rY c p u tB I

P ½ y elakeB aled I m , I s Em þ gj aNEdlCa bd i b kç c M e B aHGaT I n vB a Ø a N . m ü: ageTot bT en H el akeB alT u ked I m , I [ ek I t es ckþ I kk ; e kþ Aé nc i tþ f a

s U m ,I h b J T yEdlP½ yx ø a c

e RB a H

k a n; ykesckþ I e pS gK ñ af a s n þ i b TM ed aykar)ansþ ab ; mk . el akk ¾ e B al fa

s nþ i b e T

b T m an C aGa T × f a

] b,a e T a

j aNk ñ ú g sn þ i b T

PyM

/

G n u b , ae T a

exmM

k a re k I t C aP ½ y / k a rm i n ek I tp u tGM B I P½ y el aks egç b bT T a M g B I r edayGM N ac k a rpÞ ú y K ñ a

p u tB I P ½ y K W mi nm an eT as .

e k I t e Lg .

e RB aHc i t þ r bs ; G ñ k Edl man] b, aT ³Ca

KW

dUecñH .

e XI j eT ase da yPy tU b d æ anB aØ aN m i n man P ½ y ma n ka r rY c

m ü : a gv i j eTot

j aN M

m ü : a ge T ot

eh I y eBalkan ; y kj aNE d l

k ñ ú g bTe nH

eh I y v t ß ú N aC aT u kç

b di b kç cM e BaHP ½ y e na H

el ak

p u t ca k Gami s K W vd þ ³ / G a mi s K W el ak³ n i g G am i s K W

EdlseRmc

k i els . mü : a ge T ot v tß ú N aC a Ga m i s v t ß ú e n aHRtw m Ets gç a r

d U e cñ a HK b ,I RCabfa

eBaledI m ,I s Emþ g dl; G ani s gSénGaTI n vBaØ a N

bTen H

b : u e N Ñ aH

eh I y e d ayP y tU bd æ a bB a Ø a N . b T m an C aGa T × f a G n u b , a e T a G b ,v tþ M k a rm i n e k I t k a r m i n R b RBw tþ e TA )andl ; n i B V an en a HÉ g . bTfa

snþ i b e T

k ñ ú gsn þ i b T

) and l;

] b , aT a

.

v tß ú e na HeQμ a Hf a CaG a mi s

.

e dI m t a M g Tu k edayl ¥ e d a yP aB Ca P½ y be g¥ an eT A kñ ú g Pa B C a /

/

eRB a HP ½ y C aT u k ç B i t R ) ak d

e RBa Hd U e cñ a H

Tukçnþi

eR Ba H mi n

el akeT I b eBalbTman Ca GaT × fa

P y tU b d æ a e n

bBaØa

GaTInev

j aN M

b B aØ a

k ñ ú gk a r R) ak d fa C ar bs ; K Y rx ø a c fa k a re kI tC a Tu kç C aG a TI nvk ñ ú g c M ENkén

B aØ aN .


- 103 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

sUm,Iy:agenaH

Kb,IRCabesckþIepSgKñakñúgbTenH

e da yG M N ac k a r Rb RB w t þ eT A Gakary: a ge n H

KW

- 104 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

edayes ckþ I e pSgK ñ a

ed ayGakarK Y rx ø ac

e d ay

ed ay Gak a rC a Tu k ç

m an C aGaT × f a ] t þ e r b B a © a l a / T k ç i e N b B a © a l a Gñ k Rsú k bB a © a l nKrkñ ú g Ti s ]t þ r

/

CaG a mi s ³

l i g Á rbs ; x ø Ü n exmM

/

ent M

n i g sg ç ar

man; b ,aT³CaedI m fa

]b,a-

eh I y e TI beB aldl ; k a rs m ø w g

d U ck ñ ú b T ma nC a GaT × fa s r Nm u t þ m M

entM

exa

srNM

e n HÉ g mi nE mnCaTI B w gd ¾ e kSm

/

mü: a geTot bTfa sgç a ra KW elakmi n )ansmø w g esckþ I eT I b eFV I C aBh u v cn³

BIP½y

C ae s ck þ I s u x

m i n m an Ga m i s

KW

el akeBaln i B V a n

enaHÉgCa 4 y: a g EdlCabdi b kç c M e BaHGakardU c eBalehI y . bTfa T s j a e N bCa n a t i KW RBHeyaKavcr rE mg d w gjaN 10 )andl ; RBH eya Kav cr kald w gGaT I n vB aØ aN rEmgdw g rE mg c ak ; Fø ú H rEm ge F V I [ C ak ; c, as ; n U v jaN 10 KW j aNEdlC a TI t aM gé n

e nH mi nE mnCaTI B w gd ¾ ] t þ m .

E tm ü : a g

kñ ú gT i s

bTfa e xm M s u x M n i r am i s M n i B V a n M n i B V a nCakarrY c p u t

e T a Py M / T u k ç M / s am i s M / sg ç a r a c kare kI t Ca P ½ y / C a T u kç

G ñ k Rs ú kbB a © a l n Kr

T kS i N .

e d a yG a kar C a Ga m i s e dayGakarCas gç a r . elakmi n )ansM e dAdl; l i g Á

/

] b , aT

k a re k I t Caed I m

5

/

j aN

E dlCaT I taM gén G n u b ,aT k a rm i n ek I t 5 .

d U ck ñ ú g R bey a Km an CaG a T× f a

bTfa T V i n ñ M j a N an M k u s l ta e R B a H PaBC a q ø a t kñ ú g

G b , c © y a F m μ a / Gs g ç t a F mμ a F m ’ T aM gL ayE dlm i n m an

j aNT aM g 2 )andl ; eRB a HPaBCaGñ k qø at k ñ ú g j aNT a M g B I r

b c© ½ y / F m ’ T aM gL ay Edl Ca Gs gç t³ b ¤ e RBaHfa ] b , a eT a

y : ag Ta M gen H KW G a T I n v B aØ a N n i g sn þ i b T Ba Ø a N .

Caed I m CaÉke T s éns gç a r Kb, I RCabfa el akeF V I C aBh u v cn³

s U m ,I kñ ú g ÉkeTsénsgç ar

Ca c M E Nke RcI n

dU c k ñ ú g bT

bTfa n a na T i d æ I s u n k m , ti KW rEmgmi njab; j ½ rkñ ú g Ti d æ i e pSg ² KW

mi n jab; j ½ r kñ ú g Ti d æ i T aM g Lay

EdlRbRBw t þ e TA


- 105 - Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs

- 106 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa sgç a ru e bkç a jaNni e TÞ s

eh I y e d ayGM N a cn i B V a n EdlCaT i d æ Fm ’ d ¾ Rbes I r .

¬ cb;Gdækfa GaTInvBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y kñ ú gs gç a ru ebkç a j aNn i e T Þ s d U ct eT A e nH bT fa ] b , a e Ta Caed I m man G tß dU ceBa lT u k ehI y e n a H Ég . e R cI nbTfa T u k ç n þ i P y n þ i s a m i s n þ i s g ç a r a ka re k I t eL I gC aT u kç k a re k I t eL I g C aP ½ y ka re k I t eL I g C aG am i s ka r e k I t eLI gCasgç ar C aB ak ü s E mþ g e h tu rbs ; j aN KW k a r rY c p u t ca k ]b, a T Cae dI m . RBHsarI b u t þ

l u HsEm þ gdl ; s g ç a ru ebkç a ja N

ed ay

l kç N ³y : a g e n Heh I y

e B l e n He dI m, I s Em þ ged ay Gt ß

eB alb Tma n Ca GaT × f a

] b , a eTa

GCÄúebkçtIti

s g ç a r u e bkç a

s gç a r a

/

et

ka r ekI teL I gC as gç a r

EdlRBegI y kenþ I y cM e BaHsgç a rTaM g enaH

eT I b

s gç a e r /

j aN

eRBaHehtu e naH

eTI b

eQ μ a H fa s g ç a ru e b k ç a j aN . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

b Tfa

sgçaer

G CÄ ú e b k ç t i

j aN


- 107 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 108 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

E dlRB eg I y ke nþ I y k ñ ú g sg ç ar es ck þ I f a k al RB He y a Kav c r e na H

ep þ I m c e Rm I n v i b sS na

rklkç N ³

l Hes c kþ I x V l ; x V ay kñ ú gk arEs V g

eRBaHeXI j éRtlkç N _ e dayvi b sSnajaNehI y

\ LÚ v en H RB Hsa r I b u tþ kaln w g sE mþ g Rb e P T rbs ; kar beg¥ an ci tþ e T Akñ ú s gç a ru e bk ç a t I h a k a e rh i

e XI j PB 3 d U c eP ø I g eqHedayT U e T A mansPaB C akNþ a lk ñ ú g

s g ç a ru e b k ç a y

k a r ka n; yksg ç ar

citþsS

v i b s Sn aja Ne n a H

T a M g enaHedayB i e ss

n i ge XI j

ev ore hI yed ay k arkan ; y k

KW

r E mg e X I j s gç a r

sm ø w g e mI l j aNE dl

e RB aH e h tu e na H

eT I b eB alb Tma n Ca GaT × f a

ed ayGakrb : u n μ a n Castþ mI v i Pt þ i

G P i n I h ae r a

c i t þ d é TGM B I e na H

.

kñ ú g bTTa M gen a H

ERbkñ ú gs gç aru ebkç a

k a r be g¥ an eT Aé nc i tþ

)andl ;

k-

b Tf a

.

bT f a

ka le FV I

[eq < a He T A ka n; e s ckþ I x V l ; x V ay rbs ; s gç a r

eT I beQμ a Hf a

eh I y na M e TA d ¾ y : a g F¶ n; . G P i sB Þ k ñ ú g bTen H m an es c kþ I f a

s g ç a ru e b k ç a j aN . d U cel ak eB alf a G ñ k Q ñ Hed ayB i e ss

c M eBaHm u x . n I sB V m an e s ckþ I fa é RkEl g RB Hs ar I bu tþ

eQ μ a H fa rE mgQ ñ Hd ¾ é RkElgkñ ú gel a k / G ñ k evorc akGa ha r

m an b M N gn w ged a HRsa yB ak üsY r EdlsY rfa k t I h ak a e rh i

sU m enACamY y eQμ a Hfa cU l eTAGaRs½ y . jaNEdleXI j

e da yG a kar b : u n μ a n

s gç a rf a

y : ag eh I y eT I b sEm þ gGakar 8 Ta M gen a H ed ayed aHRsay

C a r bs; mi neTogCaed I m eTot

eX I j c, as;

s U m, I

eq ø I y f a

G d æ h a k ae r hi

ed ayGakar

8

sgç a ru e bkç a EdltaM g enAkñ ú g PaBCakNþ a l edayPaBCarbs;

B ak üsY rRbkarT I

m i n eT o gC ae dI mkñ ú g k a rka n; yk

B ak üsY rmanCaGaT × fa b u f u C ¢ n s S k t I h a k ae r h i k ar be g ¥ a n

G a T× f a

ey

c

sg ç a r a

/

ya

e la keT I b e B al bT ma n C a c

] e bkç a

T aM gsg ç a r

nig

] eb kç a k ¾ Ca sg ç ar e RB aH ek I tRBm Kñ a C am Y y s gç a ru ebkç a Ed l taM g enAedayGakarCakNþ a l kñ ú g karkan; y ksgç a ru e bkç a enaH .

2

eT I b m i n sEm þ gG akarTa M ge na H

) an t aM g

c i t þ e T Akñ ú gs gç a ru ebkç a rbs ; b u fu C¢ n e da yG ak a r b: u n μ an . k ñ ú g bTfa b u f u C ¢ n s S enH m an K af ad U cteT AenH Tuev bufuC¢na vutþa

B u e T § n aT i c © B n § ú n a


- 109 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

Gen § a b u f u C ¢ e n a É e k a RBHsm < ú T§ Ca m © a s ;

- 110 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

kl ü aeN e ka bu f u C ¢ e n a .

f a b u f u C ¢ n e RB a H Gtß f a jú a M g k i e ls d¾ Rkas ; [ e k I t / e RB a H

Gñ km an ep AB gSd U cC a RB HG aT i tü

G t ß fa

mi n km © at; s k á ay Ti dæ i d ¾ Rk as ; e cj

e R CI s e rI s s asþ ae RcI n

CaklüaNb u fu C¢ n .

Tu k / eRBaHGtß f a rEmgcat; E cgedayGPi s gç a r »X³epSg² /

2

B Y kena H

bu f u C ¢ n Edl mi n)ane ron

min

e RB aH G tß fa

e RB aHG tß fa

e RB aH G tß f a

Rtas ; d l ; b u fu C¢ n T u k 2 C M B U k m Y y B Y kC a Gn § b u fu C ¢ n mY yB Y k

k ñ ú gb u f u C¢ n

/

/

rEmg ek þ ARk ha y

K ti T a M g B Y ged at Rk g

eRBa H ki els

Caeht u eFV I [

)ansaks Y r m i n ) ans þ a b; m i n ca M Tu k n i gm i n B i ca rN aC a ed I m

e k þ A R kh ay / e RB a HGtß fa du te raled ayGn þ r ay e p S g ² /

k ñ ú gxn §

e RB aH G tß f a C a G ñ k e Rtk G r r I k ray eBjc i t þ v eg V g Ca b ; c i tþ

F at u

Gaytn³CaedI m

Ca

Gn§bufuC¢n

b u f u C¢ n Edl

T a k; Tg

m an k a re r on C ae d I m Ca klüaNbu f u C ¢ n . s U m ,I bu fu C ¢ n 2 B Y k enaH k ¾ m an Kaf a f a H b u f U n M C n n aT I h i kareNh i

5

/

e RB aHGt ß fa

R tÚ v cg ri t

RKbT u k b i T ) aM g h ‘ M u B ½ T § lb ; b M ) a t ; ev ocev r ed ayni v rN³

b u f u C ¢ e na

5 d U e cñ H .

b u f u C ¢ n e n þ a K F t þ a b u f u v ay M Ce n a \ ti .

m ü : g eTot

eQ μ a H fa b u fu C ¢ n e da yeh t u j ú a M g ki els[ek I teL I g e RB aH P av³C a Gñ k manki elsRkas ; l i c cu Hxa g k ñ ú g

Bak; B ½ n § k ñ ú g ka m Ku N

eT I b eQμ a H

fa bufuC¢n . eQ μ a H fa b u f u C ¢ n edayeh t u j ú a M g ki elsCaed I m m a n RbkarepSg ² d¾ R kas; [ ekI t eLI g . dU c elakeBalfa eQμ a H

eQ μ a H fa

bufuC¢n

e RB aH C aGñ kma n ki els

Rkas ; ra b; B M u ) an E b rx ñ g d ak; Gri y Fm ’ Rb RB w t þ Fm ’ e f akT ab / m ü : a ge T ot e RB aH C aGñ km an k i e ls Rkas ; e dayRb karepSg ² m i n s aksY r C a mY yRB HGri y ³

C aG ñ k Rb kb e d ay Ku N

C a Gñ k

mans I l n i gsu t³ C ae dI m . kñ ú g b u f u C¢ n 2 B Y ken a H k ñ ú g TI e nH

el akb M N gy kk l ü aNb u f u C¢ n / e RB aHCn eRkAG M B I e nH


- 111 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 112 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

m i n m an ka rc e RmI n P avn aeL I y .

C a G ñ k manmu x eq < aH eT Ak a n; s g ç a ru e bkç a

k ñ ú gbT fa es k ç s S enH )an dl; RBHesk ç ³ 7 BY k K W G ñ k ta M gen Ak ñ ú ges at ab t þ i m KÁ

s u x v i h arFm ’

rEmgrI k r ay

e d ay k ar R )a fñ akñ ú g

G F i b, ay f a

j ú aM g tN ð a Edl

Rbkb edaybI ti [ ek I t eL I g .

es at ab t þ i pl

skTaKa mi m KÁ

Gn aKam i pl

n i gG rh tþ m KÁ

bTfa v i b s S t i rEmgeX I j c, as ; KW RB Hes k ç ³ rE mg

eQ μ a H fa e s k ç e RB a Hel a kT aM gen a Hen As i k S as i k ç a 3 . kñ ú g

e XI j eR c I n y : ag ed ayl kç N ³ m an k a rm i n eTogCaed I m ed I m , I

RBHesk ç ³ Ta M ge na H

3

) a n e s at ab tþ i m KÁ / R BH esk ç ³ rE mg eX I j e dI m, I )a nmK Á C an ;

B Y k G ñ k t aM g e n A kñ ú ges at ab t þ i pl s kT aK a mi pl ni G naKa-

x < s ; / RB Hes k ç ³ Gñ k R) as c ak r aK ³ rE m ge X I j ed I m , I e nA C a

mi p l eRBaHelaktaM g enAkñ ú g mKÁ mi n beg¥ a nci t þ e TAkñ ú g sgç a -

s u x kñ ú gT i d æ F m ’ .

s kT aK am i p l

G n aK a mi m KÁ

kñ ú g T I e n H

el akbM Ngy k RBH eskç ³

bTfa

r u ebkç a . k ñ ú gbT fa

v I t r a Ks S

m an r a K³ R)a s eT Aeh I y bTen H

en H

eQ μ a H f a

vItraeKa

e RB aH

R) ase T A e d aysmu e c ä T b,ha n

CaeQ μ a H rbs ; R BHGrh tþ

.

sUm,Ikñúg

3

.

bT e n aH

el akk ¾ e FV I [ C aÉ kv cn ³ ed ay ka n ; y kC a ti . bTfa

s g ç a r u e b kç M

k ñ ú gsg ç aru e bkç a

e s ckþ I fa

CaeRKÓgenACas u x

GPinnÞti RB Hes kç ³

bdisgçay

)andl ;

c U l e TAB i ca rN aed ay

G M N a clkç N³ m an ka rm i n e T ogCaed I m . m ü : a ge T ot e RB a H RBHGri y T aM gL ay m an RB Hes ata bn ñ Ca ed I m c U l plsmab tþ i rbs; xø Ü n

e bI mi neX I j c, as; d l ; v i b s Sn aj aN

] TyB V y Ba Ø aN Ca ed I m

k ¾ m i n Ga c cU l smabtþ i )a n

9

ma n

dUecñaH

RBHesk ç ³ rE mg rI kray

el akeT I b e B al f a bd i s g ç a y v a p l s m a b t þ w s m a b C ¢ n þ i

lu H) a nsBa Ø akñ ú g Fm ’

RBHGri y T aM gL ay B i c a rN aeh I y c U l plsmabt þ i d U e cñ H .

k ñ ú g F m’ C ae R KÓg e n A KW ] eb kç ae na Heh I y

e dI m, I s E mþ g

k ar R b RB w t þ e TAénplsm abtþ i

e T I b man


- 114 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 113 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

bBaðakmμrbs;RBHeskç³TaMgenaH

dUcteTAenH ³-

c U l s ma bt þ i fñ a k; x< s ;

plsmabtþi KWGVI / nrNacUlsmabtþienaH / nrNamincUlsmabtþi /

T a M g Gs ;

eRBaHehtuGVI eTIb

.

Etel ak

k ¾ cU l smabt þ i Edl Caplrbs ; x ø Ü n en aH É g

e RB aH

eh t u e n aH B aküen H eT I b C a Rb kar s n ñ i dæ an Tu k k ñ ú g TI en H .

RtÚ v cU l smabtþ i / karcU l smabtþ i e naHy: a gNa

E t Ga c ar üB Y k x ø H eBalfa

k a r ta M gen Ay : agN a / k a e cj y: ag Na / GV I C a

s U m , I R BHesatabnñ

s kT aK am I k¾ m i n cU l smabt þ i / RB HGri y ³

l M d ab ; é n npl n i g pl Cal M d ab; én G V I . K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gbB að a km μ e n aH

e RB aH en Am i n Ta n; s eRmc

rEmgc U l smabt þ i

d U ct eT Aen H fa

GVI

Caplsmabtþ i ? eq ø I y f a Gb ,n a kñ ú gn i e raF r bs ; G r i y pl

1

.

RB H

2 B Y k xagelI

en H Ca eh tu rbs; RB HG ri y ³ TaM g e n aH

/

e RB aH RB H Gr i y³T a M g enaH CaGñ keF V I [ b ri b U r k ñ ú gsm aF i . en a H m i n Em nC aeh tu rbs; b u f u C¢ n

e RB aH c U l el a ki y s ma F i

E dl

n rN a cU l smabt þ i e naH ? n rNam i n cU l smabt þ i / eq ø I y f a

x ø Ü n )a neh I y .

b u fu C ¢ n T a M g G s;

eh t u dU cem þ c . k ñ ú g k a re qø I ybB að aT a M g e n H s gç a ru e bkç a 1 0

c U l smabt þ i m i n ) an

e RB aH en Am i n Ta n; s eRm c

.

.

e R B a Heht u G V I

cM ENkRBHGri y ³ T aM g Gs ;

?

cU l

k¾ kñ ú g T I e n H e RB aH Ki i tdl ; e h tu n i g m i n Em n

rEmgek I teL I g edayv i b s Sn a

dU c em þ c

elakeBal Tu k e pS g

smabt þ i ) an . e RB a Heh tu G V I e RB aHs eRmceh I y . cM ENk

K ñ a kñ ú g) al I e nH mi nE mnb ¤ b ¤ f ae dI m, I Rb ey aC n_ k a r cU l esa t a -

RBHGri y ³fñ a k; x < s ; mi n cU l smabtþ i f ñ a k; T ab eRBaHs¶ b ; e hI y

b tþ i pl edI m ,I RbeyaCn _ ka r cU l s kTam i p l . e RB aH d U e cñ a H

e da yc U l dl ; P aB Ca bu K Á déT / n i g RB H G ri y³ f ñ a k; T ab k ¾ mi n

RBHGri y ³

s U m ,I Ta M g Gs ;

k¾ rE mg c U l smabt þ i E dlCapl

rbs ; x ø Ü n eRBaHe ht u e n aH eT I b KY r yl ; RBm) a nk ñ ú g TI enH . 1 visuT§mKÁ .

e RB aH eh tu G V I e TI b RtÚ v c U l s ma bt þ i ? e qø I yfa

ed I m , I


- 115 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 116 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

e nA C asu xkñ ú gT i d æ Fm ’ . d u C Ca RB Hr a C aT aM gLa y rE m ges ay

K b ,I B i ca rN asg ç arTa M gL aye day Gn u b s Sj aN

s u x kñ ú gra Csm , tþ i / BB Y k e T B rEm ge s ay Ti BV s u x y : ag Na

yBV y anu b sSnajaNCaedI m / ci t þ r bs; R BHGri y sav½ k enaH

RBHGri y ³T a M g L ay k ¾ d U e cñ a H

B i c a rN ata ml M d ab ; E dl RbRB w tþ e TA

e yI gn w ges ayel a ku t þ rsu x

e FV I k a r kM Nt ; T u k k ñ ú g kal E v gfa dUecñH

e hI y c U l plsmabt þ i

k ñ ú gxN³ Edlx ø Ü n R) a fñ a .

?

e q ø I yfa

m an s gç a r e n a HC a Ga r mμ N _ .

ka rc U l smabt þ i e na H

rE mg ) an ed ay

Gakar 2 y : ag K W m i n eF V I T u k k ñ ú gc i t þ d l ; G a rm μ N _ d éT eR k AB I

m ü : a ge T ot

pl

E mn mK Á e kI t . m ü : a ge T ot

G ñ kN aeB alf a

RB Hes at abn ñ e pþ I mt a M g

KW kareFVI

v i b s Sn a ed ay Ki t f a e yI gn w gc U l plsmabtþ i d U e cñ H eh I y

T u k k ñ ú g c i t þ d l ; n i m i t þ T a M g B Y g e d ay s m a b t þ i

n w h Ca RB Hs kT aK am I / n i g RB Hs kT aK am I k ¾ nw g Ca RB HG n a -

Edl Cae ce tav i m u t þ r k n i m i t þ m i n ) a n 1 k a r

K a mI

m ñ a l Gav u e s a

2 y:ag

e RB aH ci t þ b eg¥ ane TAk ñ ú gplsmabtþ i

e na H Ég rE mg e kI teL I gdl ; RBH esk ç ³k ñ ú g plsmabt þ i e nH mi n

n i B V a n 1 eF V I T u kk ñ ú g c i t þ dl; ni B V an 1 . d U cel a keB alT u kf a bc© ½ y

rE mgr I k r ay kñ ú gn i e r a F

e da yG M N ac pl s mab t þ i k ñ ú g l M d ab ; é ne Ka Rt P U j aN E dl

k a r cU l smabt þ i d U ce mþ c ? ta M g e n Ay: agN a ? e cj y : agN a

man ]T -

eF V I T u k k ñ ú g c i t þ e d ay Fa t u

E dlrk n i m i t þ m i n

) an 1 .

dU ecñ H

.

Gñ k e n a HK Y reB al fa

kale bI y: a ge n H

RBH

Gn aKam I k¾ n w gCa RBH Grhn þ / RBH G rh nþ k¾ n w gCa RBH be c © k B u T § n i g RB H be c © k B u T § k ¾ n w C a RB Hsm μ asm < ú T § d U ecñ H . e RB aH

e nH C alM dab ; é nk a r cU l smabt þ i k ñ ú gT I e n H / Bi tN as;

d U e c ñ a H Rbk a re n a He TI b m i n Rt w mRt Ú v / n i gm i n K Y r kan ; y ked a y

RBHGri y sa v½ k Gñ k Rt Ú v k a re d a ypl s m a btþ i eT Ak an ; T I s ¶ a t;

)alI f a bdi k ç i t M RtÚ v hamXat; . EtKY r kan; y kRbkarenHTu k .


- 117 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 118 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

plb : u eN Ñ a H rE m ge kI t eL I g s U m , I d l ; R B Hes kç ³ mi nEmnmKÁ e k I t eLI y .

kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT f a b u e B V c G P i s g ç a e r a k a rta k; E t gkñ ú g kalm u n K W k M N t ; k ñ ú g k al mu nGM B I c U l smabt þ i k a r

plrbs; m KÁ en aHman

taM g enArbs; s mabtþ i e naH rEmgmand¾ r abGs; k alenaH eRBaH

eh I y eh I y RB He s kç ³ en aH ) anse R mc mKÁ E dlm an kñ ú g b zm -

k M N t ; T u k fa ey I gn w g e cj kñ ú gevl aÉ eNa H d U e cñ H . T I ta M g

C Ä an j aN E d l m an kñ ú gb z mC Ä ane n a H Ég r E mg e k I t / nw g

rbs ; s mabt þ i r E m gm an y: a ge n H .

m ü : a ge T ot

R bs i n eb I e B al fa

eBalfa mKÁ m ankñ ú g QanNamY y kñ ú g Tu t i y CÄanCaedI m jaN k ¾ ma nk ñ ú g Tu t i yCÄa nCa ed I m dU c Kñ a

e RB aH eht u en aH

karcU l

smabt þ i e naH

ecjedayGakar

3

y: ag

e RB aH RB H

) al I fa m ñ a l Gav u e s a bc© ½ y 2 y : a g e n H É g KW k a r

smabt þ i e n a H rE m gm an e d ay Rb ka r dU ec ñ HÉ g . smabt þ i e naH taM ge nA ed ay Gak a r 3 y : a g e R B a H )al I

eFVITukkñúgcitþdl;nimitþTaMgBYg

ed a yk a r

e cj c ak e c et av i m u t þ i E d lm i n m an n i m i t þ 1

fa H m ñ a l Ga v u e s a bc © ½ y 3 y : a g KW ka r mineFVITukkñúgcitþ

karm i n eF V I T u k k ñ ú g c i t þ d l ; F a t u E d l rkn i m i t þ

dl ; n i m i t þ T a M g B Y g

e d I m , I k a r t a M g m a M é n e ce t av i m u t þ i

E dl

m i n ) an 1 . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH bTafa sBV n i m i t þ a nM )andl; rU b ni m i t þ

rkn i m i t þ m i n ) an 1 / k a re FV I T u k k ñ ú g c i t þ

ev Tn an i m i t þ

dl ; F a t u E d l rk n i m i t þ m i n ) a n 1 / k a r

m ü : a ge T ot

tak ; E tg T u k k ñ ú g k al mu n 1 .

c M ENkmY y

sB aØ an i mi tþ

s gç a rn i m i tþ

n i g v i B a Ø aNn i m i t þ

.

s U m ,I m i n e F V I Tu k kñ ú gci tþ d l ; n i m i tþ T a M g Gs ;

e da y

s B V n i m i t þ a n M en H

e day

ela kk ¾ eBal bTfa


- 119 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

G M N acse ® gÁ aH cU c dU xK ñ aT a M g Gs ;

.

- 120 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

kaleb I RB Hey a Ka vc r

eFV I T u k kñ ú g ci t þ d l; G armμ N _ E dlmandl; P vgÁ

k¾ C akarecjcak

plsmabtþ i edayGnnþ r b,c© ½ y . karecjcakni e raF rEmg m an ed ay pl N a /

p l en a H

rE mg m anlM d ab ; rbs ; e nvs -

plsmabt þ i e RB a Heh tu en aH Kb, I R C ab k are cjé nplsm a -

B aØ an asB aØ y tn ³ . kñ ú gbT en aH pl TaM gGs ; d ¾ e ss ev or

b tþ i en aH y: a ge n H .

plEdlekI t eLI g kñ ú g mKÁ v I f i eQμ a Hfa RbRBw t þ e TAehI y eday

G V I Cal M d ab ; r bs ; pl

/

ni g pl Cal M d ab; rbs ; G V I

?

G M N acénplsmabt þ i

.

plenH

e q ø I yf a ple na H Ég b ¤ Pv gÁ Ca lM dab; rbs ; p l . E t pl

k a re k I t eLI g k ñ ú g mK Á v I f i kþ I

m an en Akñ ú g l M d ab ; m KÁ / m KÁ ma nen A kñ ú glM dab ; pl / plm a n

d U e c ñ H . elak eBalCaKafaT u kf a ³

e nA k ñ ú gl M d ab ; e Ka R t PU

KW

Gn u e l amB aØ aN

pl m anen A kñ ú g

lM d ab; r bs; e nsBaØ a nasBaØ a ytn³ . plmanenAkñ ú g lM d ab; rbs ; m KÁ k ñ ú g vI fi é n mK Á e n aH / pl eRkay ² mane nAk ñ ú gl M d ab ;

s am ½ B a Ø pld ¾ ] t þ m

e K aRt PU K W Gn u e l amB aØ aN .

[ek I t d U e cñ a H .

G n u e l amBaØ aN

eKaRtPU

e nH

Kb , I R Ca bf a

dU cel ak eBalT u kk ñ ú g bd æ a n f a

Ca

Gn u e l am -

B aØ aN rbs ; R B H Grhn þ C ab c © ½ ydl ; plsmabt þ i ed ayGn n þ rb ,c© ½ y

/

Gn u e l amB a Ø a Nr bs ; R B Hes k ç ³

Cabc© ½ y dl;

G m ta r m μ N M

e d ay

ed ayRbkar

suPM

vn þ e l a k a m i s M sn þ M s a mB a Ø p l m u t þ m M .

G m t³d ¾ s ¥ a t C a Ga r mμ N _

k ñ ú gbT fa

kñ ú gplsmabtþ i k þ I

bd i b s ST § i e T rf M

plm u n ² / pl m u n ² kñ ú gplsmabtþ i m an en Ak ñ ú g lM dab;

m ü : a ge T ot

Rb RB w tþ eT Aeh I y

rM g ab ; e s ckþ I R kvl ; R kvay x ¢ a k; e l ak am i s

man

j ú a M gesc kþ I s ¶ b ;

e nHCaplsmabt þ i k f a k ñ ú gn i e TÞ s e nH . bTfa

t T C Ä ú e b kç i t V a

PaBRBeg I yéns g ç a ru e k ç a e n aH

)andl; PaBRBegI y énsgç a ru e bkç a enaH edayvi b sSnajaN e na H Ég . kñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a

s u B a Ø t v i h ae r n

va

ed ay


- 121 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 122 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

s u B a Ø tvi h ar s m ab tþ i m an n½ yd U c t eT Ae nH ka ren Aed ayv i b -

fa s u B a Ø t v i h a r . kal eX I j n i m i tþ ed ay

sSna

sPaBKY rx ø acB al ; R t Ú v eh I y

v i h ar

3

rbs ; RBHGrhn þ G ñ kb M N gn w gen Ae da yvi bsS na -

ev orplsmabtþ i

rE m geX I j

karEbkFø ay eRB aHman ci tþ b eg¥ an eT Akñ ú g

eXI j ka r R bk an ; x ø Ü n ed ays Pa B K Y r

eQμ a Hf a

x ø ac eT I b be g ¥ a neTAkñ ú g s u B a Ø t v i h a r eX I j es c kþ I v i n as kñ ú g

Gn i m i t þ n i B V a n

s gç a ru ebkç a eQ μ a H fa s u B a Ø t v i h ar .

kaleX I j bNi Fi

.

e da ys PaB KY r xø a c

rEmgeX I j ka rE bk F ø ay

kare nAedayv i b s Sn a 3 rbs ; e l akG ñ k eX I j s gç a r-

Gnimþvihar

eRBaHmanci t þ

n i m i tþ e days PaBK Y r x ø a c eh I y be g¥ an eT A kñ ú g G n i m i t þ v i h a r

beg ¥ aneT A kñ ú gG b,N i h i t ni B V a n eQ μ a H fa

eXI j karEbkFø a yeTAkñ ú g sgç a ru e bkç a eQμ a Hfa Gni m i v i h ar .

Gb,N i h i t v i h a r .

kare nAedayv i b s Sn a

3

rbs ; e l akG ñ k eX I j s PaBta M gm aM

ci t þ r bs; R BHGrhnþ e naHÉg

rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g GM N ac

k ñ ú gtN ð a Ed ays P aBKY rx ø ac ehI yb eg ¥ aneT A kñ ú g G b , N i -

edayGakarTaM g BY g edaymanqLgÁ ú e bkç a ni g edaymanvi h ar-

hitvihar

Fm’ mankarsmÁ a l; k ñ ú g vtß ú b di k U l fa mi n Emnbdi k U l CaedI m /

e XI j k ar Eb k Fø ay k ñ ú g sg ç aru e bk ç a

eQμ aHf a

b , N i h i t v i h a r . dU cel a keB alT u kx ag mu x f a ³ RBHeyaKav c r sgç a r n i m i t þ

kaleXI j ka r R bk an ; ma M ed ays P aBKY r x ø a c

Bal ;

G-

b nÞ a b; B I e naH el akGFi b , ay fa

v i b s Sn av i h ar

rEmgseRmc

dl ; RBH Grhn þ b: u e N Ñ aH . kñ ú gbT en Hf a v I t r a e K a s gç a ru e b k ç M v i b s S ti

Gñ k R) as ca k r aK ³

rE mg e X I j c,as; s g ç a ru ebkç a

RtÚ v e hI y rE m geX I j ka rE bk F ø ay e RBa H

manesckþ I f a v i bsS na en Am i n Ta n; dl ; P ½ y 3 y : a g n i gG F i -

manci t þ b eg¥ ane TAkñ ú gsu B a Ø t n i B V a n eQμ a H

mu t þ i 3 y: a g Kb,I R Cabfa Cavi b sSnad¾ k M B U l . kalebI d U e cñ a H


- 123 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 124 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

rE mgma nes ck þ I v i essTa M g mu n n i ge Rkay . \ LÚ v en H

bTfa

R B Hsa rI b u t þ bM N gn w gsEm þ gRbePTénPaB

P av n a y

bribenáa

e h a ti

ma nGn þ ra ydl ;

Pav na )andl ; km © a t; v i b s Sn aP avn aE dl) an ehI y .

e d ay GM N a cbu K Á l

bTfa b d i e v Fs S Gn þ r a e y a e ha ti m an Gnþ raydl;

2 - 3 R be PT e T I b eBalbTman Ca GaT × fa k f M b u f u C ¢ n s S c

b di evF )an dl; C aka r Gn þ raydl ; k a r) ans c© bd i e v F E dl

e sk ç s S .

K Y r)anedayv i b s Sn aP av na .

E tm Y y

n i g P aBe pS gK ñ aé nsg ç aru e bk ç a

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bT fa

citþsS

G P i n I h ae r a

ÉktþM

bTfa G a y t w b d i s n § i y a b c © e ya eh at i m anb c © ½ y

e h at i karb eg ¥ ane TA én c i t þ E tm Y y dU c Kñ a K W EtmY yd U cK ñ a .

é nbd i s n § i t e T A

K b ,I R Ca b fa

e RB aH k mμ s m,y u tþ ed ays g ç a ru e bk ç a

Ca

Pavvcn

cuHkñúg

sktß

.

el akeB al fa

\Tb,c© y ta k¾ d U c \Tb,c© y a . Éktþ M k¾ K W Éeka enaHÉg . bTfa

GPinIhaera

Ca b zm av i P t þ i

c u H k ñ ú g Gt ß én qd æ I -

e s ck þ I f a

k a mav c r kñ ú g G n a K t

e RB aH k mμ man k i e ls Cas M L aj ;

j ú a M gvi )ak[ ek I teL I g

fa elakeF V I v i P t þ i v i b l ø a s dU ck ñ ú gbT fa es a e T es a s m μ -

k i els Ca]bt ß mÖ kb ,c © ½ y .

bTfa c i t þ M k i l i s St i c i t þ e s Ah μ g ) an d l; c i t þ e s Ah μ g e d ay ki e ls K W el aP³ )ankñ ú gbT fa v i b s S n an i k M C a sRtÚ v énvi b sSna GFi b ,ayfa eFV I [ ekþ A Rkhay eFV I [ lM ) ak .

m an km ø aM g ki els

KW

el aP³ eBalK W esckþ I r I krayCabc© ½ y é ns u K t i b d i s n § i C a

v i P t þ i . K W G P i n I h a rs S PaBénkarbe g¥ an eT A . Kb ,I R Cab

C ¢ i t V a e)ass M G a tk ñ ú g T I kEn ø gen aH .

k al km μ e na H [su K t i b di s n§ i

m ü : a ge T ot

/

bTfa

dU ec ñ a H

rE m g

km μ e TI b CaC nkb,c © ½ y

]t þ r i b d i e v Fs S

/

én bd i e v Fkñ ú gm K Á

C a n; x< s ; )andl ; sc © bd i e v FedayGM N a cs kT aK am i m KÁ C a e dI m rbs RB Hes kç ³ . bTfa G a y t w bd i s n § i y a b c© y a e ha t i K b ,I R Ca b fa


- 125 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 126 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

k i els KW e sc kþ I eBj ci t þ C abc © ½ y éns u K t i bd i s n § i C a k a m av c rEd l k m μ K W sg ç a ru ebkç a [dl ; Q ank ñ ú g RB He s kç ³ Ta M g Lay

EdlCaRBHesatabnñ

ni g RBHskTaKamI e nAmi n Tan; ) an

c a k ; F ø ú H / m i n C ab c© ½ y dl; G ñ k )anQan ni g dl ; R B H Gn a Ka m I t a M gBI bd i s n § i k ñ ú g RBh μ e l ak

/

k i elsenHÉg

Cabc© ½ yén

Gnic©eta

eQμ a Hfa

PaBm i n eT o g

eR B a H Gtß fa

manehI y EbrCami n man eRBaHmankarmi n eTogCaTI b M p u t eRBaH m an x a ge dI m ni gT I bM p u t .

²

e RB aH eb o teb o ned ay ka r ekI t

ed ays PaB én karBi c a rN a

)andl ; edayPaB C arbs ; mi n e T og C ae dI mt am ² Kñ a . bTfa

GpinIhaera

na n t þ M

e h at i

K b, I RCa b fa

kar

beg¥ an ci tþ e T Ae pSgKñ a b ¤ s PaB epS g Kñ aé nka rb eg ¥ an ci tþ . bTfa k u s l eQ μ a Hf a ku s l e RB a H Gtß f a m i n ma n

bTfa

n i g k a rvi nas

nig

e RB aH C at a M g é n Tu k ç . bTfa Gnet þ a eQ μ a Hf a e d a Pav³ C aG n t þ a e RB aH G tß f a

GBüakta

KW

G B ü a k t³

mi n Em nC a ku sl

Gkusl . bTfa

bTfa Tu k ç e ta eQμ a Hfa CaTu k ç eRBaHGtß f a ebotebon e r Oy

G n u b sSned æ n

e r aK e RB a HGtß fa mi nm an eT as n i ge RBa H Gt ß fa q ø at .

b di s n§ i E dle K aR t PU C a Gn u e l am[ . bTfa

eQ μ a H fa

k i B a © i k ael

suviTita

R) a kdl ¥ kñ ú g kalbnþ i c

b nþ Ü c )andl ; R) a kd ed ayl ¥ k ñ ú gkal énv i b s Sn a . bTfa

ki B a © i k a e l

n

suviTita

m i n R )a kdl ¥ k ñ ú g k al

b nþ i cb nþ Ü c KW mi n R) a kd ed ayl ¥ k ñ ú gkal énka reBjci tþ . bTfa

Gc©nþM

suviTita

R)akdl ¥ e d aycM ENkmY y

R b RB w t þ kñ ú gGM N a c e RB aH G aRs ½ y bc © ½ y RbR Bw t þ e T A n i g e RBa H

)andl; R)akdl¥ e daycM E NkmY y eRBaHlHkareBjci t þ ) an

m i n m ans am I m© as ; rbs ; m i n ma nn i v asI G ñ k G a Rs ½ y e nA Ca -

eh I y .

n i c© mi nman kark³ G ñ k e FV I n i gevT k³ Gñ k e s ay .

k ñ ú gbT en Hf a v i T i t ed æ n c

Gv i T i t e d æ n c ed ays P aB


- 127 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

E dlR ) ak d

n i ge days PaBEdlm i n R ) akd

RBHesk ç ³ Edl C ab u f u C ¢ n

- 128 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

m an es ckþ I f a

mans PaB R)akdl ¥ e h I y kþ I

RBH

T u kl¥ C ag . bTfa

ese k ç a

ti N Ñ M

s e Ba Ø a C n a n M

bhIntßa

el ak

es k ç ³ R) as ca k ra K³ m ans PaB R) a kdl ¥ e da yc M E NkmY y kþ I

eB ale day P aBes μ I K ñ aé nes ata bn ñ ³

eQμ a Hfa CaGñ k R)akdehI y / sU m ,I T aM g BI r mansPaBR)akd

GnaKamI . Bi t Nas; sM e yaCn³TaM g enaH sU m ,I R BHskTa-

m i n l ¥ k¾ eQμ a Hf a man s P aB R ) ak d mi n l ¥ e na H É g .

K a mI ni gRBHGnaKam I k ¾ l H )a neh I y .

bTfa G t i t þ t þ a eRB a He nAmi nT an ; s e Rmcki c © )andl ; e RB aH en Am i n Ta n; s eRm c ki c © E dl KY re F V I énv i b s Sn a K W e nA m i n

bTfa Ti d æ F mμ s u x vi h artß a y edI m ,I e nACasu x kñ ú g bc© ú b ,nñ )andl ;

e na H .

E dlR b c½ kS . tiNÑM

KW

kñ ú g Gt þ P aB

bTfa vi h arsmabtþ e dæ n edaysPaBénvi h arsmabtþ i

s M e yaCn³ 3 )andl ; e dI m, I l Hská ayT i d æ i v i c i ki c ä a s I l -

)andl ; ed ays PaBé npls mab t þ i rbs; RB Hes kç ³ / ed ay

B V t b ra mas ³

s PaB énplsmabt þ i

RB HeB aFi s t V

se ®gÁ a HcU l kñ ú gbT en Hd U cK ñ a

.

bhanay

ed I m , I R t Ú v k aren A Cas u x k ñ ú gb c© ú b,nñ

ed I m , I l Hbg ;

.

s eB aØ a C n a n M

n i g RB H

bTfa ]tþ r i b di l aPtß a y KW edI m ,I ) annU v mKÁ C an; x < s ; ² .

RbN I t . e Q μ a H fa t i t þ t þ a e RB aHp Þ ú y C am Y y b Tfa G t i t þ t þ a

bTfa

RB Hs kT aK am I

s U m , I m a n PBc u ge Rk a y

E ts tV E dlm i n man PB cu g

e R ka y jú a M g vi bsS na[dl; s g ç a ru e b kç aeh I y t aM ge nA . bTfa es atabt þ i m K Á M b d i l a Pt ß a y ed I m ,I )anesatab tþ i m KÁ G a c a r ü T aM gLa ym i n eBalse g ç b T u k / eB alse gç b

Edl Cavi b s Sn a rbs ; e l akG ñ k R)as

c a k ra K³ . \ LÚ v en H

R BHs a rI b u t þ kaln w g sE mþ g ka rk M N t ; e d ay

c M nY nBakü éns g ç a ru e bk ç a

eT I b eB albT m an C aGaT × fa

s g ç a ru e b k ç a sgç a ru ebk ç ab : u n μ a n ?

kti


- 129 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H b Tf a s m f v es n K W e da y GM N a c s m a Fi . mü : a ge T ot ) a z³ e n Hd U c K ñ a .

kñ ú g bTmanCaGaT× f a esatabtþ i p lsmabtþ t ß a y edI m ,I R t Ú v ka r ) an

bTfa n I v re N b d i s g ç a bBa Ø aBi c a rN an I v rN³ )a n dl ; ka r kM N t; ed aykarE dlK Y rl Hn I v rN³ 5 . bTfa snþ i d æ n a kartaM g Tu k )andl; kartaM g Tu k eRBaH PaBCakNþ a l

- 130 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

edaykarcU l dl; P aBmi n xV l ; x V a ykñ ú g karlH

n I v rN³ Ta M g e n a H e RB aH sM ed Akarl Hbg; nI v rN³ Ta M gen aH . bTfa s g ç a r u e b k ç a s u K W k ñ ú g ka r RBe gI y ken þ I y c M e B aH

e s a ta bt þ i p l s m ab t þ i

Kb , I R C a bpl s m a btþ i

E dlC a Gb, Ni h i t³ kñ ú g pl v a r³ 4 . e RB aHeh tu G V I ? e RB a H el akeB aldl ; plsmabt þ i

2

Ta M gen H

KW

suBaØtvihar-

s m ab tþ t ß a y ed I m ,I RtÚ v k ars u B a Ø tv i h arsmabt þ i 1 G n i m i t þ v i h a r sma b t þ t ß a y

e dI m, I RtÚ v ka r Gn i mi tþ v i h a rsm abt þ i

1

T u ke pS gKñ a . K b ,I R Ca b Gn i m i tþ m KÁ

ed ayk a re cj cak G ni c© a nu b-

sgç a r eBalKW nI v rN³ edaykarmi n eFV I P aBxV l ; x V a ykñ ú g kar

sSna / Kb, I R CabGn i m i tþ plsmabt þ i kñ ú gkal én plsm a -

l Hn I v rN³TaM g L ay

n i g kñ ú g]b , aT³

b tþ i / Kb, I RCabGb,N i h i t mK Á n i gplsmabt þ i e day k a r

Caed I m k¾ ma nn ½ y en H . j aNse Rmced ayPav na Edlman

e cj ca kT u k ç an u b s Sna / K b, I RCa bs u B a Ø tmK Á n i gplsma -

kmø a M g kñ ú g cM E NkxagedI m EdlCi t Gb,navI f i k ñ ú g smf³ eQμ a H

b tþ i ed ayk a re cj cak G ntþ an u b sS na ed ay n½ yén RB HsU R t

f a s g ç a ru e b k ç a .

e na H Ég .

k ñ ú gv i t k á v i car³ Ca ed I m

kñ ú g bTmanCaGaT× f a esatabtþ i m KÁ M bdi l aPtß a y edI m ,I ) a n e s at ab tþ i m KÁ

KW

C ak a r) a n m KÁ Nam Y y k ñ ú gs u B aØ tm K Á

G n i m i t þ mKÁ n i gG b,N i h i t mK Á kñ ú gm KÁ v a r³ 4 .

mü: a geTot kñ ú g mKÁ v ar³ 4 TaM g enH elakeBaldl; b T E dlCam U l eh t u 5 m an Ca GaT × fa ] b , aT M e kI t eLI g / b T énevvcn³ 10 manCaGaT× f a Kti rY m Ca 15 bT .

kñ ú g pl-


- 131 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 132 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

smabt þ i v ar³ 6 el ak eB albTE dlC am U l 5 T u k .

Grhn þ m i n man karB i ca r Na nI v rN³

Rbs i n eb I s Y r fa eRBaHehtu GV I e TI bel a keB alT u ky : a g

x V ay kñ ú gk arlH b g; v i tk á v i ca r³ C aed I m

ni ge RB aHev oresck þ I x V l ; C ak a rl Hb g; )ane day

e na H . eqø I y f a k al s gç a ru ebk ç am ans Pa Bc as ; k ø a e dI m, I

gay eRBaHehtu e naH Kb,I R Cabfa elakmi n eBalsgç a ru e bkç a

sE mþ gdl ; e s ckþ I cas ; k ø aénsg ç a ru ebkç a e n a H

T a M g enaH Ca GB üakt³ . B i tNas ; RB HGrhn þ Gñ k cU l pl -

e RB aH m an mK Á

k ñ ú gk a rlHb g; k i e ls e la ke TI beB alb TCa mU l e FV I [m a M C a

smabtþ i

m Y y bT Edl Caevvcn³ . e dI m, I s E mþ g fa s gç a ru ebkç a s U m , I

e naH el akeT I b eBalsgç a ru ebk ç a 3 f aCa GB üa k t³ . Bi t

Tn; e xSay k¾ C abc© ½ y dl; p l eRBaHplmansPaBs¶ b ; e day

N as; eQμ a Hf a s gç a ru ebkç a 3 rbs ; R B HG rh nþ rE mgma n

k a r Gs; PaB]sSah_ n i ge RB aHC a TI GaRs ½ y énmKÁ K b ,I R Ca b

e da yG M N ac G b,N i h i t³ su B a Ø t ³ ni g Gn i m i t þ ³ .

\ LÚ v en H RB Hsa r I b u Rtkals Y r edayCat i e h I y ed I m ,I eT I b eB albT m an C aGaT × fa

eRBaHehtu

\ LÚ v en H Kb , I R Cabesckþ I k ñ ú g K afa T aM gL ay 3 E dl

fa elakeB aldl ; b T Edl Ca mU l b : u e N Ñ aH .

n w ge qø I y C am Y y nw gkar)an

mi n GaccU l smabtþ i e vorsgç a ru e bkç a )an

kti

s g ç a ru e b k ç a k u s l a s gç a ru ebkç a C a k u s l b : u n μ a n ? k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT f a b N Ñ r s s gç a ru e b k ç a sg ç aru e bk ç aC a ku s lman 15 )andl ; ed aysm f³ 8 n i ged a y

el akeB aleh I y e d ay k arBN’ n adl ; s gç a ru ebkç a d U c te T A e nH . bTfa b d i s g ç a sn þ i d æ n a bB a Ø a bBa Ø aEdlB i c a rNa r k p ø Ú v eh I y RBe gI yken þ I y )andl ; sg ç aru e bkç a . bTfa

Gdæ

citsS

eKacra

Ca e Ka c rénsm a Fi

8

m KÁ 4 pl 3 Ca 7 rY m C a 1 5 . s gç a ru ebkç a 8 e d ay

es ckþ I fa el akeB aldl ; s gç a ru e b kç a 8 C a vi s ½ y K W P U mi

G M N acsmf ³m i n K Y rdl ; F m’ eQμ a Hfa sg ç aru ebkç a e RBaH RB H

rbs ; s maF i

ed ayGM N acsmf ³

.

el akGFi b,a ydl ;


- 133 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

- 134 - Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs

s m aF i ed aymat i k a fa c i t þ d U ck ñ ú gRbe yaK m an bT CaGa T× f a

c a ks gç a r s Þ ú He TA k an ; R B H ni B V an . bTfa G d æ s m a F i s S b c © y a C a bc © ½ y é nsm a Fi

ci t þ M bBaØ B a© PavyM ceRmI n smaFi ni g bBaØ a / elakGFi b ,ay visy

ed ay

e K a ce r

Pikçev

eKacr crf

dU ck ñ ú gRbe yaK

m an CaGa T× f a

KW

e bt þ i e k

mñ al Pi k ç ú T a M g

Gb,nasmaF i e RB aH[ dl; Gb,na .

sB Þ seKÁ

v i s ey

bc © ½ y

8

el akeB aled ayGM N a csmf ³

8

Ca bc © ½ y dl;

L ay B Y k Gñ k cU rRta c; eT Akñ ú ge Kac r Edl Ca p ø Ú v é n bi t ax ø Ü n .

bTfa T s j a N s S e K a c r a Ca e Ka c rén j aN 1 0

el akeB al fa e nHCaeKacrrbs ; G ñ kG a Rs ½ y . bT f a b u -

KW CaPU m i 10 énmKÁ B aØ a N ni g plBaØ a N elakeBaleday

fu C ¢ n sS eTV eKacrPU m i é nbu f u C ¢ n 2 KW edayGM N acénsmf³

G M N a cénv i b s Sn a . bTfa t i N Ñ M v i e m a k ç a y b c© y a C a b c © ½ yénv i e ma k ç 3

n i gvi bsS na . bT f a t ey a es k ç s S eKacrrbs ; RBH es kç ³ 3 ) an d l; e da yG M N acénsmf³ v i bsS na ni gsm a bt þ i . bTfa t e y a c v I t raKsS e Ka c r rbs ; Gñ k R ) as c a k

KW

C ab c© ½ y éns u B a Ø t vi emak ç

G n i m i t þ v i e ma k ç

n i gGb, Ni h i -

v i e m a kç ed ay]bn i s Sy b, c © ½ y .

r a K³ 3 )an d l; ed ayG M N acénplsmabt þ i Edl CaGb,-

bTfa n ana T i d æ I s u n k m , ti rE mg m i n j ab ; j ½ r e RB a H

N i h i t ³ s u B a Ø t³ ni g G ni mi t þ ³ . K Y reB alf a t i e s Sa el ak

Ti d æ i e pSg ² )andl; mi n lHbg; k arrlt; ehI y Bi c arNaeXI j

e F V I C ali gÁ v i b l ø asf a

s gç a rT aM gL ay

teya

.

b ¤ Kb , I R b kb fa

teya

s g ç a ru e b k ç a Fm μ a Fm ’ KW s g ç a ru e bkç a 3 y : a g .

e day P aBC a rbs ; mi neTogCedI m

j ab ; j ½ rkñ ú g T i d æ i ma n Rb k a re pS g ² m an s s S tTi d æ i C ae dI m .

bTfa eyhi ci t þ M vi v dþ t i ci t þ R )ascakraK³ ehI y eKc ecje TA es ckþ I f a ci t þ ecj c akv i t þ ká v i ca r³C a ed I m e day Fm ’ KW

s gç a ru ebkç a

/

b ¤ ca k] b, aT ³C ae dI m

el aGF i b , ay fa

e RB aHs U m, I G ñ k R) as ca k r aK ³ k ¾ e n Am ans g ç a ru ebkç a c i t þ e cj

rE mg m i n

¬ cb;Gdækfa sgçaruebkçajaNnieTÞs ¦

as


- 135 - Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa eKaRtPU j aNni e TÞ s

- 136 - Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs

bTfa

GPiPuyüitVa

bkçnÞtIti

eKaRtPU

eQ μ aH f a

e K aR t PU e RB aH R Kbsgá t; e h I y s Þ ú He TA KW el akeB alse g ç b K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú ge K aR t PU j aNn i e TÞ s dU c t e T A H bTfa G P i P u y ü RK bs gá t ; K W rE mg RKbsg á t ; rEmg

es ckþ I T a M g B I r . bTfa

v u d æ a tI t i

e K a R tP U t i

c

vivdþtIti

e K a Rt P U t i

c

eQμ a Hfa eKaRtPU eRBaHGtß f a ecjeTA ni g eRBaHGtß f a eKc

Qanknø g . s gç a rn i m i t þ x a ge Rk A

ecjeTA KW elakeBaldl; G tß KW karRKbsgá t ; b u f u C ¢ n eKaRt

)andl; sgç a rni m i t þ E dlCaxageRkABU k u s lkç n § EdlRbRBw t þ

edaysmKY r dl; b Tfa vu d æ a n KW kaeecj vi v dþ n kareKcecj

e TA ehI yk ñ ú g sn þ a nrbs ; x ø Ü n

eTAénmati k a

bTfa

Bh i T § a

sgçarnimitþM

.

KW

Bi tN as ;

s g ç a rE d l C a

.

Kb,I RCabGtß f a

eQμ a Hf a

eKaRtPU

e RB a H

elaki y ³ elakeBalfa Cani m i t þ eRBaHCaeRKÓgsmÁ a l; r bs;

RKbsgá t ; e KaRt mannI v rN³CaedI m éneKaRtdU c eBalehI y

k i elsTaM g Lay / b ¤ e RB aH t aM geL I g e d ay Ga k a r rbs ; n i m i tþ .

edaysmf³ / eQμ a Hfa eKaRtPU eRBaHRKbsgá t ; e KaRt man

bTfa G P i P u y ü t I t i eKaRtPU eQμ a Hf a e Ka R t PU e RB a H RKbsgá t;

el akeB aldl : PaBC a eK a Rt P U

e RB aH R Kbs gá t ;

e K aR t rbs ; b u fu C¢ n . bTfa b kç n Þ t I t i e K a Rt P U eQμ aHf a e K a Rt P U e RB aH G tß fa s Þ ú H e T A KW elakeB aldl ; P a BCae KaRtP U eRB a Hkare kI t eL I gén eKaRtRB H Gr i y ³ .

k a re k I t Caed I m

kñ ú gsm a bt þ i v ar³

6 manCaGaT× f a e s a t a -

b tþ i p lsmabtþ t ß a y ed I m, I RtÚ v k a re s a tab tþ i plsmabt þ i / eQμ a Hfa eKaRtPU eRBaHRKbsgá t ; e KaRt eKaRtmanesatabnñ ³ Caed I m . k ñ ú gm KÁ v a r³ 3 m an C aG a T× f a skTaKam i m KÁ b d i l a P t ß a y edI m,I Rt Ú v k a r)a ns kT aK am i m KÁ .


- 137 - Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs

- 138 - Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs

m ü : a ge T ot k ñ ú gb Tf a e K a R t P U e nH m an Gt ß f a e K aRt n i gm an Gtß f a B U C . n ½ y f a kñ ú g G tþ ni bk rN _ el akeB al niBVan fa eKatþM

e Ka R t e RB a Hka rB a rn U v Gn þ r ayTa M g BY g /

eQ μ a H fa

e RB aH dM eNI r e T A ka n; ni B V an en aH

e K a R tP U

smabt þ i

8

k¾ eQμ aH f a

G n þ r ayéneKaRtPU

/

eKatþM

e K aR t PU en aH

e Ka R t

/

s U m ,I

e RB aH k a rB ar n U v

elakeBalfa

k ¾ GacarüB Y k dé TeB alf a karcgci t þ R KadM b U g kñ ú g ni B V a n CakarrY b rY m RKadM b U g enHelakeBalfa CaeKaRtPU . eKaRtPU s M e d Adl ; p lenaH m i n R tw m RtÚ v . kñ ú g bTenHfa bNÑ r s eKaRtPU F mμ a ku s la eKaRtPU F m ’ C a ku s l

GacarüTaM g LayeBalfa eKaRtPU é nmKÁ 4 manni B V a n /

C a mU l .

e K aR t P U

e RB aH dM eN I r e T A ka n; eKaRt .

C a G ar m μ N _

m i n k an ; y k / e d a y Rb k a rx ag e Rk A e n H K b,I k an ; y kb T E d l

e Ka R tPU énplsmabtþ i

4

m as g ç a rC a G ar -

15

Kb , I R CabGFi b , ayd U cte TAen H

eQμ a Hf a

eKaRtPU rEmgmi n smKY r dl; R BHGrhnþ eRBaHmi n mannI v rN³ E dlK Y r RKbs g á t ; eRB aHv i tk á v i c a r ³C ae dI m K b ,I l H )an g a y

mμ N _ / eRBaHbeg¥ a neTAkñ ú g plsmabtþ i . dU c elakeBalTu k

n i ge RBa H Gt ß f a

k ñ ú gvi s u T § i m KÁ f a ci t þ rbs ; RB Heya K av cr G ñ k )an eX I j c,as;

el ake FV I T u k eh I y n w gm i n eB al

t a mlM dab ; E dlR b RBw t þ eT Aeh I y e na H

mü: a geTot RBHGrhnþ G ñ k cU l plsmabtþ i mi n GacRKbsgá t ;

e da yG M N acénplsmabt þ i s gç a rC a Gar m μ N _ RCabfa

k ñ ú g rv a ge Ka Rt PU j aN

ed ayeht u e n aH É g

el akeF V I c i tþ T I

16

rEm gr I k r ay kñ ú gn i e r aF

k ñ ú g mK Á v a r³e nH

eh I y ka n; ykc i tþ TI

6

R Kbs gá t;

eRB aHeht u e na H

Kb ,I RCa bfa

e RB aH eK a R tP U C aGB ü a kt ³

.

m an

sgç a r ehI y cU l smabtþ i ) an eRBaHehtu e naHelakeTI b eBal

Kb,I

f a e Ka R tPU Fm ’ Ca GBü a kt ³m an 3 . E tG a c arüB Y k x ø HeB al

kñúg

smabtþ i v ar³ énsgç a rni m i t þ x ageRkA Edlkan; y kehI y eTI b

fa

s m abtþ i

8

Rb RB w t þ e TA k ñ ú gc M ENkénkarcak; Fø ú H

eday

G M N a cG ri y mK Á Edlel a kcg ¥ ú l T u keh I y k ñ ú gT I e n H /

e RB a H


- 139 - Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs

dUecñaH

e KaRt PU é ns mabtþ i

8

eT I b C ak u s l

.

- 140 - Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs

mü: ag eT ot

K b ,I RCab s U m ,I k ñ ú gsg ç a r ru ebkç aj aNen a HÉg .

hit

Kb,I R CabGFi b ,ayesckþ I k ñ ú g Kafa manCaGaT× f a sam i s Ba © d U c t e T Ae n H . bNþ avd þ a m i s ³ elakam i s ³ k i els am i s ³TaM g L a y

e Ka R t PU j aNm an G am i s

R ) a fñ a e RB a H t aM ge nA kñ ú g e s ckþ I R )a f ñ a . eQμ a Hf a G b , N i -

edayelaka-

e RB aHm i n m anT I taM g

e da yes ck þ I R) a fñ a

.

.

eQμaHfa

e Qμ a Hf a

sBaúØtþ

v i s Ba Ø ú t þ

e RB a H Rb k b

e RB a H mi nRbkb

e da yes ck þ I R) a fñ a . bTfa v u d æ i t M ) andl; e K a Rt P U j aN E dlCav i b s Sn a

mi s ³ eRBaHenAmanesckþ I R )afñ a . enaHKW G V I ? KW smfeKa-

e na H Ég

R t P U j aN 8 y : a g . b T f a v d þ a m i s M k ñ ú gT I e n H )andl ;

eRBaHkat; e sckþ I R )afñ a . eRkABI e naHCa Gvu d æ i t . mü: a geTot

vd þ ³ R bRB w tþ e TA k ñ ú g PU mi 3 e n a H Ég . b T f a e l ak m i s M )a n

eQ μ a H fa v u d æ i t e RB a Hec jeT Ax a ge R kA . K b, I RCabfa s U m ,I

dl ; k a mK u N 5 . b Tf a k i e ls a m i s M )andl ; k i els

p l e Ka R tPU Edl Casgç a rn i m i tþ xage RkA

T a M g L ay e n a HÉ g . b T f a n i r a m i s M ) and l ; v i b s Sn ae K a-

e RB aH eq < aHm u x eT Ak an ; n i B V a n

RtPU j aN 10 y: a g eRBaHmi n manesckþ I R )afñ a . Bi t Nas;

K b ,I R Ca b fa

RBHGri y ³T a M g L ay

e c ose cje TA

m i n eF V I e s ckþ I R) a fñ a kñ ú ge K aR t PU

.

kñúg

.

B i tN as ;

e K a RtP U j aNe naH

/

eQ μ aH fa

k¾ eQμ aH f a

vudæit

vudæit

e d a y GFüa Rs ½ y kñ ú gn i B V a n

sU m, I kñ ú g v a r³ é n karR K bsgá t; kñ ú gx ag e Rk ay

karecj

k¾ Kb , I R C abf a

. ka r

ple Ka R t PU

K m < I rGacarüTaM gLa ys res rT u kf a s a m i s B a © en aH m i n l ¥

eQ μ a H fa rE mg RKbsg á t; rE mgecjeTA rEmgecosecjeTA

eL I y .

e RB aH eq < aHm u x eT Ak an ; n i B V a n eday GFüaRs½ y .

K b ,I R Ca b b N i h i t Gb,N i h i t / sB a ú Ø t þ v i s B a ú Ø t þ / v u d æ i t G v u d æ i t dU ct eT Ae nH . eQμ a Hf a

b N i h i t K W es ckþ I

bTfa t i N Ñ M v i e m a k ç a n b c © y a KW m an bc © ½ y énv i e m a kç 3 ) an d l; smfe KaRtP U C ab kt U bn i s Syb ,c© ½ y dl; e l a-


- 141 - Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs

- 142 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

k u t þ r v i e m ak ç 3 / vi bsS na eK a Rt P U CaGnn þ rb ,c © ½ y smnn þ -

Gdækfa mK:BaØaNnieTÞs

rb,c © ½ y n i g ]bni s Sy b, c © ½ y . bTfa b B a Ø a y s S b r i c ä i t V a RB He ya K avc rG b; rM ehI y e da ybB aØ a

KW

bBa Ø aE dlC a cM ENkx aged I m

EdlRBHeya-

K av c rG b ; r M e h I y K W snSM eh I y . bTfa

ku s el a

vivedþ

v u d æ a en

C aGñ kQø ask ñ ú ge Ka R tPU j aN

micäaTidæiya

vudæati

ecjcakm i c ä a Ti dæ i

KW

ecjcakm i c ä a Ti dæ i

62 edaysm u e c ä T ed ay k arlH b g; Ti dæ an u s ½ y KW T i d æ i E dl RBHeyaKa vcrCaGñ k

Qø a sévkñ ú g karecjeTA kñ ú g karecosecjeTA KW CaGñ k qø a t v ag é v

Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g mKÁ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s dU c teTAenH bTfa

Edl )andl ;

vi v dþ ³

e dk R taM e nAk ñ ú gsn þ a n . bTfa

tTnu v tþ k ki e leshi

RbRBw t þ e TAtammi c ä a Ti d æ i e naH )andl; ecjcakki e lsTaM g Lay

edaykarmi n Qø k ; v egV g enaHÉg b¤ C aGñ k vagévedayjaNEdl

E dlR b RBw t þ eT At am m i c ä aT i d æ i

C a c M E Nkxaged I m .

Rbkb Cam Y y mi cä a Ti dæ i

bTfa n ana T i d æ I s u n k m , ti rE mg m i n j ab ; j ½ r e RB a H

ecjcakki e lsEdl

e nA k ñ ú gm i cä aT i d æ i

T i d æ i e pS g ² m i n j ab; j ½ r kñ ú gT i d æ i m an RbkarepSg ² Edll H

l Hk i e ls

b g; ) an e h I y e d aysmu e c ä T .

B i t N as ;

.

E dle k I t eLI g e d ay GM N ac k a r

n i g eday]bni s S ½ y

edayeh t u e naH

E dlta M g e nA kñ ú gT I k a r t aM gen A

KW

k a red k Rta M

el akeT I b eBaldl ; k a r

C a mY yK ñ an w g m i c ä aT i d æ i en aH

k ñ ú gT I C a m Y y Kñ a

ma n

2

y:ag

. KW

t a M gen A kñ ú gT I Ca mY yK ñ a ed ay k a re k I t r Y m Kñ a n i gt a M g e n Akñ ú gT I ¬ cb;Gdækfa eKaRtPUjaNnieTÞs ¦

r

t

s

C a mY yK ñ aed ay ka rl H / eQ μ a H f a

t eTk d æ a

t a M gen A kñ ú gc i tþ m Y y d Y g RBmCam Y y Ti dæ i e na H

/

eRB aHGt ß f a b ¤ b u K Á l m ñ ak;


- 143 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

rh U t l H )an

.

eRBaHfa

kallHTi d æ i ) an

- 144 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

ki e lsTaM g enH

KW

RBmCam Y y rU bE dlm an Ti dæ i e na H C as mu dæ an / ed ayv i ) a k kç n§

elaP³ em ah³ ]T § c © ³ Ghi r i k ³ G e n a tþ b, ³ Edl ekI trY m Kñ a

E dle kI teL I g k ñ ú gGnaKt

C a mY y Ti d æ i e naH

C a bc © ½ y .

kñ ú g ci t þ E dlCaGsgç a ri k ³

2

dY g

sm,yu t þ

e da yT i d æ i / k i e ls Ta M g e n H K W el aP³ emah³ fI n³ ] T§ c © ³ G hi r i k³

G en a tþ b, ³

E dlC ass gç a ri k³

E dle k I t rY m Kñ a Ca mY y Ti dæ i e na H 2

dYg

rEm gl Hb g ; ) a n

k ñ ú g ci t þ

e d ayk a r taM g

kallHki e lsKW T i d æ i ) an kalbu K Á l mñ a k; t aM g enAr Y m Kñ a k i e lsTa M g e n H

m an H

fIn³

v i c i k i cä a

ehtueTAkan;G)ay

] T§ c © ³

Kw

ecjcaksBV n i m i t þ

)andl ; ecjcakBI s gç a rn i m i tþ T a M g B Y gEdl Ca xa g

e R kAB I kg k i e ls tamE dleB aleh I y . micäasgáb,a

vu d æ a ti

e cj ca km i c ä as gá b, ³kñ ú gc i tþ

5

e cjc a km i cä asg á b, ³ dYg

KW

k ñ ú g ci tþ

4

KW dYg

Kb,I l Hedayesatabtþ i m KÁ nw g kñ ú g Gku s lc i tþ d ¾ e ss E dl

r E m g l H ) a n e d a y G M N a c k a rtaM ge n A

Caehtu e TAk a n; G )a y . bTfa

eTAtamTi d æ i e naH / edayGrU b kç n § 4 EdltaM g enAk ñ ú g T I C a mY y n i ged ay k art aM gen A

EdlRbRBw t þ e TAtamTi d æ i e naH

sBV n i m i e tþ h i

G en a tþ b, ³ E d l C a

bTfa xen§ h i )andl; edayxn§ T aM g LayEdlRbRBw t þ

edaykarlH

c

Edlsm,yu t þ e dayTi d æ i ni g kñ ú g ci t þ s hKt³edayvi c i k i c ä a Edl

e Tas ³

k ñ ú gT I C am Y y K ñ a ed ay k arek I t rY m Kñ a .

K ñ ae da yk are kI t r Y m Kñ a

Bhi T § a

manm i cä aT i d æ i C aed I m

e ma h³

ela P³

G hi r i k³

x a ge RkA

bTfa

e nA k ñ ú gT I Cam Y y K ñ a ed ay k arek I t rY m Kñ a .

C a mY yT i d æ i en aH

bTfa

eRBaHk i els

/

kñ ú g TI C amY y Kñ a b ¤ e d ayx n§

5

mi c ä a vi c ay

ecjBI m u s avaT

vu d æ a ti

ni g bi s u N avaca

ecjcakmi c ä a vaca pru s vaca

)andl;

smö b ,lab³

E dlCaeht u eT Ak an ; G) a y . bTfa

m i c ä a k m μ n þ a v u d æ a ti

c a kB I m i c ä ak m μ n þ ³ ) an dl;

e cj ca k )aN ati )a t G T i n ñ a Tan n i gm i c ä ac a r .


- 145 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa )andl ;

micäaGaCIva

e ) akbeB aä at

vudæati

- 146 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

e cj c ak mi c ä aGa CI v ³

T aylk ç N ³

e l gl, i c

R ) a fñ a

b z mm KÁ e n a H É g e TI bm i n m anT i d æ i E dlK Y rlHe da ym KÁ 3 x a g el I .

l aP ed ayl aP / mü : a g e T o t e cj B I k ay km μ v cI k mμ s U m ,I 7

y: a g

m an G aC I v ³Caehtu

m i cä av ay am³

m i cä as ti

.

b T fa

e tI d U c em þ c

?

d U c n½ y)aneB aleh I y

enaHÉgy: a gNa / mi c ä a Ti d æ i m an b¤ m i n man k¾ e Qμ a Hfa smμ a Tidæi

micäasti

smμaTidæi

d U cf ñ aM B i s man b ¤ k ¾ mi n ma n fñ a M d ¾ v i e sselak ehAf a GKeTa

k ñ ú gk a re cj ca km i cä as gá b, ³ . m ü : a ge T ot

eQ μ a H f a

k a re cj ca k

Kb, I R C a b

m i c ä asm aFi

k ñ ú gT i d æ i Ta M ge na H

)andl ;

Rt w mE tGk u -

sl ci tþ ú b,a Tb : u e N Ñ aH E dle kI ted ay G ak a rp Þ ú y G M B I s t i . Kb,I R Cabkarvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g BY k 3 énmKÁ C an; e lI dU c t e TA

dU ecñ aH Ed r

.

e nH R tw mE tCa eQμ aH epS g Kñ a b: u e N Ñ a H

/

E t ka r mi nman ki c© é nsm μ aT i d æ i rEmgmankñ ú gmK Á 3 x ag e l I / G g Á m KÁ k ¾ mi n b ri bU N_ e da yk i c©

.

.

e RBa Hd U e cñ a H

Kb , I e FV I s m μ aT i d æ i R B m

Gg Á mKÁ e TI bn w g b ri b U N _

.

Kb , I s Em þ g

ed ayk M N t; t am man t am

e nH . G g Á r bs ; m KÁ 8 ma n C a Ga T × f a Ts Sn ed æ n s m μ a T i d æ i

sm μ aT i d æ i kñ ú g T I e n H RBmed ayki c©

eQ μ a Hfa sm μ aT i d æ i eRBaHGt ß fa eX I j r Em ge XI j d U ck ñ ú g

) a n . m an HN a E dl s mø ab ; e d aymK Á 3 x a gel I e nAman /

b z mm KÁ Edl ek I tk ñ ú g b zm CÄ an .

m an He n a H

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na Hm an GF i b, ay dU ec ñ H s mμ aT i d æ i k ñ ú g bz mmKÁ

rEmglHmi c ä a Ti d æ i

eRBaHehtu e naHeTI b eQμ a Hfa smμ a Ti d æ i .

s U m ,I s mμ as gá b, ³C aed I m

k¾ K b,I RC ab ed ayGtß

m i cä as gá b,³ Caed I m . eb I d U e cñ a H

KW

ka rl H

e RB aHl HT i d æ i 62 )a n kñ ú g

t a M g e n Akñ ú gzan³énT i d æ i

/

Ti dæ i e na H rE mgl Hm an H

e na H )a n e RB aH ehtu e na H eT I b eQμ a H fa s m μ a T i d æ i . B i t N as ; sm μ aT i d æ i rE mgl H mi cä a T i d æ i ) an kñ ú g e s at a b tþ i m KÁ

.

EtmanHEdll He days kT a Kam i mKÁ

RBHesatabnñ / T i d æ i en aH

m an d l ;

rE mgl Hm an Hena H ) an e RB aH eh tu


- 147 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

e na H

e TI beQμ a Hf a

G k u s l ci t þ p ø Ú v v aca kay

7

dYg

smμaTidæi . karRtiHriH mandl ; c i t þ d Y g e n aH

rE mgm anB i t dl ; c i tþ Ta M ge na H karbri e PaKbc© ½ y

karBüayam

- 148 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

e kI t RB mC a mY y

k ñ ú gz an ³énT i d æ i . sgá b, ³C ae dI m ek I t rY mKñ a CamY y Gku s l-

k a rx V l ; x V a y ta m

ci t þ 5 dY g enaH rEmgmandl; m anHenaH . Kb, I RCabesckþ I Rtg ;

karxV l ; x V a ytampø Ú v

GgÁ

e k I t r Y mKñ a

c i t þ T aM ge naH .

Pa BC a

G ñ km i n m ans ti k a rEd l c i t þ m anG ar mμ N _ E tm Y y ek I t rY mKñ a

/

T a M g enHeQμ a Hf a m i c ä a s g á b , Caed I m . K b ,I R Ca b fa eQ μ a H fa )an

.

s m μ a sg á b ,

smμasgáb, Gg Á

8

Caed I m

e RB aHl H

RB me da yk i c©

Tidæi .

sm μ asg á b,³C a ed I m

k ñ ú g s kT a Ka mi m KÁ

micäasgáb,

Ta M ge na H

rE mg ma nk ñ ú g skTaKam i mKÁ

m an H rE mgt a M gen A kñ ú gza n³é n ek I t rY m Kñ a Cam Y y c i t þ

7

dYg

K a mi m KÁ ed aykarl Hci t þ Ta M gen a H Grht þ m KÁ

bTfa

» La r i k a

KW

ed aykarl Hbg ; Gku s l

C a c M E N keR K a t RK a t

bTfa

k a m r a Ks e B aØ a C n a

k a re RtkG rk ñ ú gem f u n

.

KW

8

RBm e d ay ki c © .

kñ ú g Gn a -

m an HE dl l H bg; ed ay

rE mg ma ndl ; RBH Gna K amI /

e RB a HP aB

s M e yaCn³eB al K W

eRBaHkamraK³enaHrEmgRbkbstV

Tu k kñ ú g kamPB eRBaHehtu e naHeTI b elakeBalf a s eBa Ø a C n . bTfa Büa)aT³ / eh t u e n aH

bd i X seB a Ø a C n a

eRBaHBüa)aTenaH el akeT I b e B al f a

)andl ;

m an He n a H

taMgenA

s M e yaCn _

KW

rEmgebotebonGarmμ N _ eRBaH bdiX

.

rEmgedkRta M e nA k ñ ú gsn þ an ed ayGtß f a

m an d l; RBH sk Ta K amI en aH . K b ,I RCabesckþ I R t g; G g Á

RBm e d ay ki c © kñ ú gGrhtþ

C a bc © ½ y é nka rQ an kn ø gk ay TV ar n i g v c I T V a r .

e da yG a kar y : a ge n H . m anH Edl l Hb g; e d a yG n a Ka mi m KÁ rE mg ma ndl ; R B Hs kT a Ka mI

8

sM eyaCn _ T aM g e n a H x ø aM g kø a

eRBaHehtu

enaHelakeT I b e B al fa G n u s ya . bTfa

G N u s h Kta

)andl ;

c M ENkl ¥ i t

²

.

shKt s½ B Þ kñ ú g bTenH cu H kñ ú g esckþ I y : a genaH . Bi t Nas;


- 149 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

- 150 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

N as; k amra K³ n i gBü a )a T³ rbs ; R B Hs kT a Ka mI man c M E Nk ti c edayehtu 2 Rbkar KW eRBaHekI t ti c ni g eRBaHRKbsgá t ; T u kk ñ ú g TI enHti c e r Oy

²

.

k i elsTaM g L a y

d U ck i e lsrbs ; B alb u fu C ¢ n

kalekI t

rEmgmi n ekI t jaM j I

\LÚ v enH RBHsarI b u t þ k alnw g BN’ n adl; m KÁ B aØ a N eTI b eB albTman GaT× f a G C a tM Q ae b t i dU e cñ H .

rE mg m i n e k I t eL I g rEm ge kI t R K ax ø H

.

RCY t RCabeTAbi T )aM g eFV I [ ggw t

kñ ú g bTenaH

eRcI n bTfa

GCatM

Qaebti

Caetn

/

Q an M e t n b v u c © t i rEmgd u tk i e lsE dlmi nT an ; e kI t eday elaku t þ r QanEdlekI t ehI y

eRBaHehtu e naHelake T I b e B a l

d U crbs ; b u K Á l B al . E te kI t eL I g t i c t Y c m a n G a ka rR s al

fa CaQan esckþ I f a smgÁ I b u K Á l rEmgdu t KW Tmø a y km© a t;

es þ I g

k i elsTaM g enaH

e RB a Hl H )a n e d a ym KÁ

k n ø g eT A) an

.

2

/

mi nGac[dl ; karQa n

l Hki elsRsales þ I g )an

ed ay Gn a Ka -

e na H

²

EdlenAmi nT an ; e kI t

Edl R )a kdkñ ú gsn þ a nrbs ; x ø Ü n

edayel aku tþ r C Ä a n /

e d aye ht u en aH

el akeT I b e B al e l aku t þ r³ en aH f a CaQ an .

m i mKÁ . bTfa

rUbraKa

)andl ;

k ñ ú grU bPB / bT fa

GrUbraKa

G r U bPB

mana

.

bT fa

es ckþ I e Bjc i t þ e Rt k G r

es ckþ I e Bj ci t þ e Rt kG r kñ ú g

)andl ; mankarelI kt em á I g xø Ü n

C al k ç N ³ . b Tfa ] T § c © a m an l kç N ³m i n s ¶ b ; .

bTfa Q an v í e m a e kç

ku s l ta

e R B a H Pav ³Ca G ñ k q ø a t

kñ ú g Qan ni g vi e makç esckþ I f a smgÁ I b u K Á l rEmg mi n jab; j ½ r kñ ú g Ti d æ i e pSg

²

EdllH)anehI y edaybzmmKÁ

CaGñ k qø a tkñ ú g Qanmanvi t ká ³ CaedI m

eRBaHPav³

Edlsm ,yu tþ ed ayGri -

bT fa

y mK Á e na H n i g k ñ ú g G ri y mK Á E dl ) an dl; v i e m a kç ed ayPav³

P v r a Ka n u s y a )andl ; e d k R t aM en Akñ ú gPv ra K ³ E dl Rb RB w tþ

m i n Q ø k; v eg V g . eQμ a Hf a Q an man 2 y: a gKW Garmμ N U -

e TA ed ay rU b raK³ n i gG rU bra K³ .

bni C Äan

bTfa

GviC¢ay

ma nk a r ggw tC al kç N ³

.

1

lkç N U b ni C Äan 1 .

Qanmanelaki y bzm-


- 151 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

CÄanCaedI m

eQμ a Hfa

Qan

eRBaHGtß f a

- 152 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

c U l e TAsm ø w g

r Y b rY m rE mgr Y brY mvi bsS na . bTfa

G a r mμ N _ ma n ksi N Ca e d I m . v i b s Sn asg ç ar eQ μ a Hf a Q a n e RB aH G tß f a c U l eT A sm ø w g l k ç N ³ Edl Cas Pavs amB aØ Q an

e RB a H G tß f a

b:uEnþkñúgTIenH RtPU

/

ela k u tþ r³

cU leTAsm ø w g lk ç N ³

e l a k e B a l d l ; QanT U e T A

fa CaQ an

e RB aH G tß f a

eQμ a Hf a

k ñ ú gG a rm μ N _

KW

smahitVa

eyaKavcrtaM g ci t þ l ¥ e hI y

m i nBal ; R t Ú v sPaB EdlCa

n i gsP aBEdl r Y c p u t edayl ¥

ec

b sS t i

Rbs i n eb I RB H

rEmgeXI j c,as; y : a gNa

] bc a rsm a Fi

c,as; k ñ ú g xageRkay

.

eXI j c,as; k¾ K b,I t aM g ci t þ T u k [maM d U e cñ a H esckþ I f a eQμ a Hfa v i b s Sn aenH

Cav i b sS na esA hμ g

m i n ma nesckþ I e Bjci t þ

ci t þ E dlesAhμ g edayvi b s Sn ae naH G F i b , ay fa

ed I m, I k a r hY gEh g

RBH ey aK av c rk ale X I j c, as ;

ec

/

ni g xN i k sm a Fi

eh I y eX I j

s½ B Þ Casmu c © y tß ³ manGtß f a

k ¾ cU l smaFi

eh I y Kb , I e FV I ka r t aM g ci t þ dU c karjú a M g vi b sSna . ec

s½ B Þ

kñ ú g TI e nH

rEmgr Y b rY m k art a M gT u k ma M

. /

ec

GkSr

Etesck þ I

k¾ KW

c GkS ren aH Ég . bTfa

esckþ I f a man

.

e T ot

el ake FV I e da y ka r Rb RB w t þ e T A t amK a f aB½ n§ yfa

k al ebI

c i t þ / e RBa H dU ecñ aH RB Hey a KavcrkaleXI j c,as; Kb,I t aM g

RBHeyaKavcreFV I k a r taM g c i t þ m u n eda ysm a Fi N am Y y Gb,nasmaF i

smaTey

s U m ,I ed ayeKa-

G M B I ki elsTa M g L ay . bTfa

ec

mü: a geTot eQμ a Hfa smf³ Casmf³ Edll¥ i t man k are B j

CasPav ³Edlbeg¥ aneT Ae da yl¥

RB Hn i B V an

tfa

.

énRBHniBVan

lkç N U b ni C Äan ehI y du t ki e lsedaymi n TU e TA . mü: a geTot k ñ ú gT I e n H s Pav ³énv i e ma k ç

v í b s Sm a e n a

v í b s Sn a

c

s me f a

vi b sSnamanehI y kñ ú g xN³enaH n i gvi bsS n a C a Fm ’ K U Kñ a dUecñaH

tTa

esckþ I f a

Ghu

smf³

nig

eRBaHkalsmf³

e sc k þ I R)akdénGri y mK Á rE mgm an

kar R b kb Fm’ T a M g 2 enaH

kñ ú g kalN a

/

rEm g ma n


- 153 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

- 154 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH G acj ú a M gG ri y m K Á [ ek I teL I g / k ñ ú gk al en aHv i b s Sn a

R t Ú v Ga r mμ N _

n i gsm f³m an eh I y / s m f³ n i gvi bsS na eQ μ a H fa e kI t

e da yG t ß f a m i n ek þ ARkha y . eQ μ a H fa G m t M eRB aHni B V a n

eh I y . mü : ageT ot sm f³ n i g v i b s Sn aena H rE m gC a KU E d l

e na H

m an c M E Nkes μ I K ñ aRb RB w t þ e TA

s m an P a Ka

eQμ a Hf a

e RB a H

G t ß fa s mf ³ n i g v i bsS na m an cM ENkes μ I K ñ a eQμ a Hf a y u KnT§a

e RB aH C aKU Kñ a

/

GFi b ,a y fa

m an Fu r ³es μ I K ñ a

man

.

niBVan

eQ μ aH f a

m i n ma nes c kþ I s ø a b;

GmtM

esckþ I v i nas

e R B a Hd U cC a Gm t³

/

el akeB al fa

bTM eRBaHGtß f a rEmgbdi b tþ i e daybdi b TaFM edaykar]sSah³ FM taM g BI c M E Nkx aged I m . bTfa

ví e makç c ri y M

Canati

rEmgdw g vi e makç c ri y a KW

k m ø a M ges μ I Kñ a ed ayGtß f a m i n Q an kn ø gK ñ an w g K ñ a . cM ENk

d w gk a r Rb RB w t þ e TA énv i e ma k ç

es ckþ I B i s þ a ré n bTenaH n w g manc,as; k ñ ú g y u K n T § k fa .

e da yk a rBi c a rN a . K b ,I R Ca b v i e m a kç c r i y a EdlmkehI y

e R cI nbTfa T u k ç a s gç a r a / s u e xa n i e r ae F at i T s S n M TuPeta

vudæita

bBaØa

p e s Sti

GmtM

bTM

s gç a rT aM gL ay Ca Tu k ç

n i e ra F Cas u x

eQμ a H f a

e cj ca k Fm’ T a M g B I r

rEmgBal; R tÚ v G mt bT

e day k ar m i n veg V g

Gr i y mK Á 4 C aT u P etav u d æ a nv í e m a kç /

bBa Ø a Edl

v í e m a kç 4 e cj B I T u P e t a KW Fm ’ 2 v í e m a kç 4 G n u e l am

E tT u P eta-

s gç a rT aM gL ay Ca Tu k ç ni e ra F K W ni B V an Ca su x e RB aH eh tu

v í e m a kç / v í e m a k ç 4 s ¶ b ; c a k T u P -

e na H

etav u d æ a n v í e m a kç .

k a re XI j ni B V an ed ay Gri y mK Á B aØ aN

eQ μ a H fa

bB a Ø a e cjc ak Fm ’ T aM g

2 en aH

rEmgBal ; R tÚ v KW rE mg ) an Gm tb T K W

é nG ñ k bd i btþ i .

niBVan

bB a Ø a e naHÉg e d ayB al ;

rEm gd w g

k ñ ú gvi emak ç k f ax a gm u x fa H

k a reX I j fa

es ck þ I f a

/

esckþIBisþarénviemakçTaMgenaH v i e m a kç k fae na H Ég .

manmkehIykñúg


- 155 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

n an e t þ k t ß

k ñ ú ges ckþ I e pSgK ñ a es ckþ I e pSg

ekav í e T a

RB Hey a KavcrG ñ k q ø a t

n i ges ckþ I d U cK ñ a

k a re cj ca k Fm ’ T a M g

GM N acGri y mKÁ 4 / é nG ri y mK Á

KW

C a Gñ k qø a t k ñ ú g

ni gesc kþ I d U c K ñ a énv i e ma k ç T aM g enaH

RCabesck þ I d U cK ñ aénvi e m a kç Ta M gen a H KW

- 156 - Gdækfa mKÁBaØaNnieTÞs

2

y:ag

.

Kb, I

ed ay G M N a cénv i e ma k ç /

e s c kþ I e pSgKñ a eday

b¤ e sckþ I e pSgKñ a edayR)afñ a Gnu b sSna

s U m ,I mY y

²

/

e s c kþ I d U c K ñ a

raCaeh I y b ¤

j a N an M

k u s l ta

P a B C a Gñ k q ø at k ñ ú g

s U m ,I eX I j eh I y

k ¾ eBal fa ´ en Am i n T an ; )a n

Kal; eRBaHki c © E dlbu K Á l Kb,I e FV I enATan; m i n )aneFV I dU e cñ a H . B i t N as ;

e K a R tP U j aNen a H

t a M ge nAk ñ ú gR t g; G a v C¢ n³ KW

k a rn w kdl ; m KÁ . bTfa 3

TVinñM

sU m ,I e XI j RB H r aC a Rb f ab ; e nA el I > k

dM r I esþ c mktampø Ú v GM B I T I q ¶ a y RtÚ v eKsY r fa elakKal; R BH-

e d ay P aB C a

G r i y m KÁ . bTfa

raCaedayki c © N ani m Y y

Pavna

d ¾ e sse naH

) andl ; mK Á 3 d ¾ ess

. e RB a H mKÁ

rE mge kI teL I ge da yGM N ac P av n a

E dleX I j eh I y

e day bz mm K Á e na H Ég

/

kñ ú g Fm ’

m i n e XI j G V I

²

j aNT aM g 2 )andl ; P aB Caq ø a tk ñ ú g j aNT a M g 2 T a M g e n H

E dlm i n Fø ab ; e XI j

K W TsSn ³ n i gP avn a .

b : u E n þ x a ge Rk a y elak m i n eB alfa T V i n ñ M j aN a n M énj a N

bTfa

T s Sn M

)andl ;

es atabt þ i m KÁ

e s a ta bt þ i m KÁ e n aH

el akeBalfa

e XI j ni B V an mu n

c M ENkeKaRtPU j aN

munk¾Bit

/

.

TsSnM

E te l a km i n e h Af aT s S n ³

m an k a rl Hk i els dU c C ab u rs Gñ k m k

.

eRB a Hf a

Ts Sn³

e RB aH

rEmge XI j n i B V a n

k are XI j

e RBa H mi n

kan; s mñ a k; r bs; R BH-

2

y:ag

/

d U e cñ aHel akeT I b eB alfa

e RB aH P avn am KÁ e n Ami nT an ; s e Rmc

Ts Sn M

.

eh I y eB alfa

Q anv í e m a ek ç k u s l ta P av ³ C aG ñ k q ø at k ñ ú gQa n n i g vi e m a kç s M e d Adl ; G ñ k)anesatab tþ i m KÁ m i mKÁ

/

EtKb,I RCab f a

s kTa K am i mKÁ

elak eB alf a

TVinñM

n i g G n aK a jaNan M

k u s l ta P av ³ C a Gñ kq ø a tk ñ ú g j aN 2 y : a g eRB a HPavn amKÁ


- 157 - Gdækfa plBaØaNnieTÞs

- 158 - Gdækfa vimutþiBaØaNnieTÞs

rbs ; Gñ k )a n Grht þ m KÁ s eR m ceh I y . ¬ cb; GdækfamKÁBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

bTfa

e cjB I n i e raF

2

é nm KÁ d U c te T Aen H

CaKu N Cati E dlrm¶ a b; b eyaK³

KW

C a K u N Ca ti r m ¶ a b; eh I y

é nm KÁ

EdleQ μ a H fa

.

B i tN as ;

Ta M gx agk ñ ú g

s¶ b ; e h I y

eT I b eF V I [ C an bM u s klgÁ i k¾ K b ,I RCab ka r Rb k b

¬ cb; GdækfaplBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

m KÁ

3

Gdækfa vímutþiBaØaNnieTÞs

n i g xageRkA

e RB a Hl Hk i e ls)ank ñ ú g Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g ví m u t þ i B aØ a Nni e TÞ s dU c teTAenH .

xN ³én pl . bTfa

r E m ge kI t eL I g

k a re cje d a y GM N a cG gÁ é nm KÁ ni m Y y ² e naH Ég .

ed ay k arlH k i e ls k ñ ú g xN³rbs ; x ø Ü n . k a r m¶ ab ;

n U v beyaK³E dle cjcakTa M gBI r

r E m g e kI tdl ; Gñ k

k a r r m ¶ a b; b eyaK³enaH C a pl

e la ksm ø w g dl; pl

eQ μ a Hfa rE mgeF V I b e y a K³e cj c a kT aM g B I r T a M g xagkñ ú g n i g x a ge RkA

/

j aNs U m , I T aM g Gs;

s U m ,I kñ ú gxN³ éns kT a Ka mi m KÁ C aed I m

ecjenaH esckþ I f a eRBaHkarrm¶ a b; b eyaK³ecj T a M g xagkñ ú g n i gx ag eR kA

dg

bTfa m KÁ e s St M p l M

kñ ú g pl B a Ø a Nn i e TÞ s

tM b eyaKb,di b ,sST§ t þ a

k ñ ú gxN³ én plsm a btþ i

e RB aH C aKu N Ca t i rm ¶ a b ; bey a K³ec jen a H .

Gdækfa plBaØaNnieTÞs K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y

eL I ge Rc I n d g

]b,C¢ti

rE mg e kI teL I g

rEmgek I teL I g mY yd g b¤ B I rd g

e sc k þ I fa

j aN

k ñ ú glM dab; én mK Á . Ete kI t

bTfa skáayTidæi kareXIjfa CatYxøÜn manvieRKaH fa eQμaHfa

skáayTidæi

eRBaHGtßfa

kareXIjkñúgkay


- 159 - Gdækfa vimutþiBaØaNnieTÞs

eBalKW

xn§bBa©k³Edlman

b¤kñúgkayenaH

- 160 - Gdækfa vimutþiBaØaNnieTÞs

EdlmanenaH

Ég . bTfa vícikicäa karmineCOCak; manvieRKaHfa eQμaH fa vícikicäa eRBaHGtßfa R)ascakkareCOCak; b¤kalEsVg rksPavFm’Caehtuy:aglM)ak . bTfa sIlBVtbramaesa karsÞabGEg¥lsIl nig vtþ manvieRKaHfa CaGñkRbkan;maMfa karbrisuT§i maneday sIl nigvtþ . eQμaHfa sIlBVtbramaesa eRBaHGtßfa GñkRbkan;maMenaH lHsPavFm’EdlsÞabGEg¥lvtßúdéT

.

kalTidæisUm,ImanTaMgBIry:ag elakk¾enAeBalfaskáayTidæi

edIm,IsEmþgdl;karlHTidæiTaMgGs;

skáayTidæimanvtßú

20 y:ag

CaRbRktI

skáayTidæitamRbRktI evorkPaBeLHeLaH

edaykarlHbg; edaykarRbkan; nigkarGagGñk

déT . cMENksIlBVtbramas Kb,IRCabfa elakeBal TukepSgdéTeTot

edIm,IsEmþgdl;micäabdibTa

énmnusS

TaM g LayGñ k bdi b tþ i edayKi t fa eyI g bdi b tþ i b di b Tabri s u T § i .

elakeBal

dl;Tidæanus½y

kareXIjxusEdledkenAkñúg

sn þ an v i ci k i cä a nu s ½ y kars gS½ y e d k Rt a M k ñ ú gsn þ a n e dI m, I sE mþ gdl ; k a rl Hed ay l H Gn u s ½ y s U m ,I 3 y: ag ena H É g . mi n EmneRBaHki e lsepSgKñ a . bTfa ]bká i e lsa ]bká i e ls TaM g Lay

eQμ a Hfa

manvi e RKaHfa

eFV I [ esAhμ g

eFV I [ ekþ A Rkhay

ki e lsa

eFV I [ lM ) ak

eRBaHGtß f a .

eQμ a Hfa

]bkáielsa eRBaHGtßfa CakielsEdlmankmøaMg . b T f a s m μ a s m u c ä i n ñ a e h a n þ i C a k i e l s E d l esatabtþ i m KÁ l Hdac; l ¥ e hI y

KW

lHdac; e dayl¥

eRBaHr l t ; m i n

ekIteLIgeTot edaysmuecäTb,han³ . bTfa sbri y u d æ a enhi RBmedaybri y u d æ a nki e ls ) a n dl;

kielsRKbsgát;

eQμaHfa bTenH RbRBwtþ

briyudæan

manvieRKaHfa

eRBaHGtßfa

rYbrwtcitþ[ekIteLIg

CaeQμaHrbs;kielsTaMgLay .

eQμaHfa

kielsTaMgLay .

EdlCab;edaykar

s b r i y u d æ a n eRB a HGtß fa RBm ed ay

b ri y u d æ an ki e ls KW ]bk á i e l s E d l e d k R t a M k ñ ú g s n þ a n . bTfa

citþM

vímutþM

ehati

citþ)anrYcputehIy

esckþ I f a


- 161 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

fa

ci t þ R bRBw t þ e TAedayGM N acsnþ t i

- 162 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

eRBaHki e lsT a M g e n a H

eFVI[ekItkñúgkEnøgminsmKYr eQμaHfa

CakarrYcputehIy

cakkielsenaH . citþenaHÉg eQμaHfa suvímutþM eRBaHrYc putehIyedayl¥ .

F m μ v i c y sem< a CÄgÁ ³ vI r i y sem< a CÄgÁ ³ smaFi s em< a CÄgÁ ³ Ca GgÁ é n m K Á E t m ü : a g

/

bItisem<aCÄgÁ³

bsST§isem<aCÄgÁ³

]ebkçasem<aCÄgÁ³ minEmnGgÁénmKÁ . EdlsEmþgTukkñúgTIdéTeTot

bNþaFm’TaMgLay

bTfa tM v í m u t þ i B aØ a tedæ n KW eRBaHGtß f a dw g vi m u t þ i e naH .

edayPaBCaBl³ nig\®nÞiy sT§ab:ueNÑaHminEmnCaGgÁén ¬ cb; GdækfavímutþiBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

mKÁ

3

.

RBHsarIbutþetßr

xN³énmKÁeTot CaGaT×fa

Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

kalnwgsEmþgFm’

edayGMNacCaBYk

GaFibetyüedæn

eQμaHfa

EdlekItkñúg

eTIbeBalBaküman \RnÞiy

eRBaHGtßfa

CaFM . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH bTfa ]bdæ a nedæ n sti b ,dæ a na eQμ a Hfa

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gbc © evk ç B aØ aNn i e TÞ s d U cteT AenH

s ti b, dæ an

RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r lu H eBalGgÁ é nmKÁ T u k mY y Epñ k ² mu n eRBaH

k ñ ú gk ay

GtßfaCaehtukñúgxN³énmKÁenaHÉg

b : u e N Ñ aH

eBaCÄgÁ ³ Tu k mY y cM E Nk

ehIyeTIbsEmþgdl;

edayPav³CaGgÁ é nGri y ³

Edl)an

eQμaHfa eBaFi eRBaHGtßfa Rtas;dwg Fm’EdlCaGgÁénmKÁ nwgminEmnGgÁénmKÁeTot

.

BitNas;

stisem<aCÄgÁ³

e RB a HGt ß f a ev Tn a

Ta M g

ci t þ

4

t aM g ma M Fm ’

y : a gen aH

es ckþ I fa

s ti R b RBw t þ eT A

m an ni B V anCa Garmμ N _ E tm ü : a g eQμ a Hf a

s t i b ,d æ a n

ed ay

G M N a c[s e R mc k i c © k ñ ú gk a rlH k a r sm Á a l ; f a s ¥ at C a su x e T og

Ca t Y x ø Ü n

/

v Í ri y ³ E tm ü: a gb : u e N Ñ aH

m an ni B V anC a Ga-

rm μ N _ eQμ a H fa sm μ b , Fa n 4 e da y[seRm c ki c© KW l H


- 163 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

G k u s lE dle kI t ehI y

- 164 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

ni g Gk u s lE dlenAm i n Ta n; ek I tm i n

E dlK Y re FV I ) a n e F V I s e RmcehI y m i n ma nki c © déT Edl KY re F V I eTI b elakeBaldl; k arBi c arNafa

[ek I teL I g [se R mck i c© K W ka rek I teL I g é nku s lE dle nA

y: a gdéTeTot

m i n Ta n; ek I t n i g k ar ta M ge nA én ku s lE dlek I teL I geh I y .

kMNt;dwgehIy

bTfa

sc©a

t fe d æ n

eQ μ a Hfa sc © ³

e RB aH G tß f a

B i t R )a kd e s c kþ I fa eQ μ a H fa G ri ys c© 4 e RB aH G tß f a m i n xus

k ñ ú gP av ³C as c© ³

Griysc©

4

e na H Ég

m an Tu k ç s c© Caed I m eQμ a Hf a

.

m ü: ag eT ot

R b C M u K ñ akñ ú g R K ae n a H

e RB a H

s m u T ye y I g lH b g ; e h I y

Tu k ç e yI g

n i e r a F ey I g e F V I

[Cak; c ,as; e hI y mKÁ e yI g )anceRmI n ehI y . karBi c arNa y : ag en aHsm K Y r . m ü : a ge T ot

k ñ ú g bT f a

s m u T e ya

k i elsEdlTmø ay eda ym K Á e n aH

²

en H

Ég

.

Kb, I RCabdl ; ed ayB i c a r N a

G t ß fa C a ka r dw g c, as ; e d a yk a rca k; Fø ú H . eh I y el a keB al

sm u T ½ y

dl ; n i B V a nT u ke pS gdéT f a

e TI beB alf a ka rB i carN ak i e ls 2 y: a g k a rB i c a rN am K Á

G met aK F M

niBVanM

Q anc u H ka n;

Edl elakeB alTu k k ñ ú g bT en H

kñ ú g Gd æ k f a e l a k

G m t³ KW RB Hn i B V an . cM E Nk kñ ú g F m’ d¾ esseQ μ a H fa R b CM u

p l n i B V an

K ñ a kñ ú gR K aen a H e RBa HG tß fa ) anT TY l c M e B aH . k ñ ú g bT en HK Y r

eB aldl ; k a rB i c a rN aT u k ç E t mü : ag b : u eNÑ aH . fV I e b I e l akmi n

k a t ; e s ckþ I s gS ½ y fa RBHe ya Ka vc rrE mgB i c a rN asc© ³

)aneBalTu k k ¾ B i t

4

m keh I y e da ysr u bkñ ú gT I e n H

ka rB i t

.

el akmi n ) an

KY rka n; y k t am E d l R )a kd kñ ú g

y : ag B i t R) a kd kñ ú gT I b M pu té nmK Á pl e RBaH Ba kü f a t f e d æ n

) al I ni g ta me s c kþ I tamsmKY r . Bi t Nas; kaldw g c,as;

sc©a

karcak; F ø ú H sc© ³

tTa

s m u T a Kta

eQ μ aHf a

sc© ³ Rb Cu M K ñ a kñ ú g RK a e n a H

e RB aH G tß f a C as Pav ³ B i t R )a kd . e h I y e RB aHB a kü fa k t M krNIyM

nabrM

\ tt ß

t a y a ti

b C an a t i

rEmgd w gf a k i c ©

Fø ú H sc© ³

seRmcdl; G ñ k bdi b tþ i e dI m ,I d w g c,as; n U v karcak;

ka rB i ca rN adl ; ki c© E dlse Rmceh I y e da yx ø Ü n Ég

C a k ars mK Y rE tmü : a g .


- 165 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfama nCaGaT × fa

G v í e k ç b ed æ n

- 166 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

eQμ a Hf a

s me f a

smf³ e RBaHGtß f a m i n r ay ma y e s c k þ I f a R B Hsa r I b u t þ et ß r eB al Fm ’

KW

s mf ³

n i g v í bsSn a

bTfa v í e ma e k ç a ka r rY c p u t )andl ; ka r rY c p u ted ay d a c; Casm u e cä T KW G ri y mK Á e na HÉ g .

Edlsm ,y u tþ ed aymK Á

bTfa b d i e v Fn ed æ n v í C ¢ a eQ μ aHf a v i C ¢ a

eRBaHGt ß f a

e dI m, I s E mþ g e d ay G tß m an rs E tmY y dU c Kñ a n i ged ay Gt ß Ed l

c a k ; F ø ú H K W c a k ; Fø ú Hsc © ³ )andl ; s m μ a T i d æ i ka r eX I j Rb éB

m i n l ayL M K ñ a .

e na H Ég .

bTfa

s M v r ed æ n

sIlvisuT§i

eQμ a Hf a

bTfa bri c © a Kedæ n ví m u t þ i eQμ a Hfa vi m u t þ i eRBaHGtß f a

s I l vi s u T § i

eRBaHGtß f a sRgÜ m )andl; manvacaRbéB mankargarRbéB

l Hb g;

m an k a rci B a © w m R béB .

enaH edaykarlHbg; k i e lsEdlmKÁ R bharehI y . )andl;

bTfa eRBaHGtß f a

Gvi e kç b edæ n

ci t þ v i s u T § i

eQμ a Hfa

ci t þ v i s u T § i

mi n raymay

)andl;

mankartaM g ci t þ e day

Ts Sn ed æ n

TidæivísuT§i

eQ μ a Hf a

TidæivisuT§i

ki e ls

vimutþedæn

e RB a H G tß f a

rYcput

eRBaHkm© a t; e daymKÁ d ac; C asmu e cä T

G a r mμ N _ KW n i B V an .

KW

vimutþi

e RB aH r Y c G M B I k i els

bTfa smu e cä T edæ n xey jaNM eQμ a Hfa xyBaØ a N k a t ; pþ a c;

e sc kþ I fa

e F V I [Gs ; e T An U v ki e l s

eQ μ aH f a

Gr i ym KÁ B aØ aN

e d a yk a r ka t; k i e ls )and ac ; Cas-

m u e c ä T . )andl ; e XI j Rb éBen aH É g .

e RB aH G tß f a e XI j )andl; eX I j Rb éBen aH É g . bTfa

eQμ a Hf a

G r i y m KÁ enaHÉg .

e RB aH G tß f a

RbéBen aHÉg . bTfa

manv i e R Ka H fa

rY c pu t cak

b¤ b eg¥ a neT A kñ ú g

Kb,I R CabqnÞ ³ CaedI m x a ge Rk aye na H Ég

.

edayn½ y dU c )aneBalehI y kñ ú g

B i tN as;

kñ ú gbTenHRB Hs arI bu t þ etß r

sE mþ ge day G ak a rC ae dI mf a kN þ a l n i g x a gcu gén mK Á

kñ ú g


- 167 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

- 168 - Gdækfa bc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs

xN ³mK Á e naHÉg . m ü: a geTot k ñ ú g bT f a v í m u t þ i en H )an dl ; m KÁ v i m u t þ i e naHÉg .

m ü : a ge T ot b T f a v í e ma e k ç a )an dl ; plv i e m a kç .

mü: a geTot ni B V a n sU m ,I e lakkan; y kkñ ú g bTfa tfedæ n s c © a eQμ aH f a sc© ³ e RB aH G tß f a Bi t R) a kd k ¾ Kb ,I RCabfa elakeBaleTotedI m ,I s Emþ g dl; P aBCaTI b M p u t bTenH . sU m ,I kñ ú g xN³énpl k¾ m ann½ y enHdU c K ñ a . E tk ñ ú g bT en Hf a e h t e d æ n m e KÁ a eQ μ a H fa m K Á e RB aH G tß f a Cae h t u Kb ,I R C a b k ñ ú gP aB Ca eh tu én plen aHÉg . bTfa

smμ b ,Fana

e RB a HkalEdl pl

j ú a M gk i c©

y : ag

smμ b ,Fan

Cak i c ©

Kb,I R Cabf a

é nes ck þ I B üayam

[s e Rm ceh I y kñ ú gxN³ ekI t

rEmgmi n )ankñ ú g xN³pl

RBHefr³Edlel I keB aF i bkç i y Fm ’

37

.

eRBaH

edayRbkard éT eL I g

.

k ñ ú gxN ³én

m KÁ e B alT u k f a Fm ’ 3 7 R b ka r d ¾ ess ev orsm μ b , Fa n 4 rEmg)ankñ ú g xN³énpl

.

bTfa v í m u t þ i )andl ; plvi mu tþ i . eQ μ a H

G nu b , a T B aØ a N

j aNk ñ ú gk a rm i n ek I t

eRBaH

Gtß f a rm¶ a b; manesckþ I d U c )aneBalehI y enaHÉg . bTfa

vudæhitVa

e cjeh I y el akeBalT u ky : a ge n H

e da yG M N ac pl e RB aH m i n ma nk ar e cjk ñ ú g rv ag . bTfa \ e m F m μ a t T a s m u T a K ta F m’ Ta M gen H epþ I m

esckþ I B üayamRtÚ v

el akeB al 4

F ø ú HC ae dI my : ag en aH d U cK ñ a .

Kb , I R Cab

s U m ,I s c © ³ Caed I m

t a mEd l Rb k be d ayGM N a cse R m c ki c © ma n ki c © K W k a r ca k ;

ekI t kñ ú g RKaenaH

Kb,I R CabkarRCHfø a \ti s½ B Þ

EdlC a ) al I

d ¾ e ssfa RBHeyaKavcrrEmgBi ca r Na f a Fm ’ ma nRb kard U c eB aleh I y Ta M gen H

epþ I m ekI tk ñ ú gxN³ énm KÁ

ni g kñ ú g xN³

é npl dU ecñ H . ¬ cb; Gdækfabc©evkçNBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 169 - Gdækfa vtßúnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 170 - Gdækfa vtßúnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdækfa vtSúnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

mhaPUtrUb 4 . bTenHCaqdæIviPtþicuHkñúgGtßénTutiyaviPtþi GFib,ayfa ckçúGRs½ymhaPUtrUb 4 ehIy RbRBwtþeTA . edaybTenaH elaksEmþgdl;Pav³bsaTckçú bdiesFPaB

Kb,IRCabvinicä½ykñúgvtßúnantþBaØaNnieTÞs enH

.

bTfa

ckMçú

GCÄtþM

vvetßti

dUcteTA

RBHeyaKavcr

CassmÖarckçú eRKOgtak;Etgckçú . bTfa ]b,nñM ekIteLIgehIy KW ekIteLIgcMeBaHmux

rEmg

kM N t; c kç ú x agkñ ú g esckþ I f a RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r bM N gnw g eBal

edayGMNacénGT§a

edayGakarEdlRBHeyaKavcrenaH

Casnþti karbnþ .

kMNt;ckçú

eTIbsYrfa

kalEvg

ehIysEmþgGakarkMNt;

bTfa

edayBakümanCaGaT×fa ckçú GvíC¢asmÖÚtnþi vvetßti rEmg

ehIyBIehtu

kMNt;fa ckçúekIteRBaH GviC¢a dUecñH .

karkMNt;ckçúkñúgcMENkxagedIménvibsSna .

kMNt;ckçúxagkñúg

etIdUemþc

?

smuTaKtM

b¤edayGMNacénxN³Edl

.

cUlmkRbCuMehIy

edayehtuRtwmb:ueNÑH

KW

ekIteLIg

elaksEmþgdl;

elaksEmþgdl;Gnic©anubsSna edaybTmanCaGaT×

Kb,IRCabesckþIkñúgbTTaMgenaHdUcteTAenH H-

GhutVa smÖÚtM minman ehIyman esckþIfa eQμaHfa

GviC¢a tNðaEdlCaGtIt Caehtu]btßmÖ

fa

km μ E dl C a Gt I t C a e h t u [ ek I t G ah a rCa

minman

ehIyman

eRBaHminmankarekItkñúgkalmun

ehtu]btßmÖkñúgbc©úb,nñenH .

eQμ a Hfa

manehI y

nw g mi n man

edaybTenaHelakkan; y k ]tu bTfa

ctunñM

mhaPUtanM

ni g ci t þ ]btß m Ö c kç ú p g . ])aTay

ckçúGaRs½y

.

eRBaHkarmi n mankarvi n as

eTA . bTfa Gnþ v nþ e ta edayPaBCarbs; m anTI b M p u t esckþ I f a


- 171 - Gdækfa vtßúnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

eQμaHfa

Gnþva

eRBaHmanTIbMput

.

- 172 - Gdækfa eKacrnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

manTIbMputenaHÉg

eQμaHfa Gnþvenþa dUcbTfa stimenþa Ktimenþa Fitimenþa

smKYrEtmü:ag eRBaHkñúgbTfa mena enH elaksMedAyk citþEdlCaPvgÁ .

c eya \si GñkEsVgrkKuNCa Gñkmansti manKti nig

kñúgbTenHfa GaharsmÖÚeta ekIteRBaHGahar Kb,I

m a n F i t i . e d a y P a B C a r b s ; manTI b M p u t enaH . GFi b ,ay

RCabedayGMNacpsSahar nigmenaseBa©tnahar Rbkb

fa edaymankarrlt; e TA .

Kña .

b T f a G T § ú v M m i n y W n y U r K W m i n m a M T a M e R B a H F ø a k ; eTA kñ ú g kartaM g enAmi n )an

edayRbkarTaM g BY g

ni g eRBaHm i n m a n

bTfa ]b,enñ a ekI t eLI g ehI y Kb,I R CabedayGM N ac é nG T§ a kalEv g n i gsn þ ti k arb nþ .

PaBmaMTaM . bTfa GssStM karmi n eTog KW mi n Bi t R)akd .

¬ cb; GdækfavtßúnantþBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

bTfa víbriNamFmμM mankarERbRbÜleTACaFmμta KW mankarERbRbÜleTACaRbRktIedayGakar 2 y:ag KW eday

Gdæ k fa eKacrnantþ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

Cra nigmrN³ . bTmanCaGaT×fa

ckçúM

Gnic©M

ckçúmineTog

nigbT

manCaGaT×fa ckçúM Gnic©eta rEmgkMNt;ckçú edayPaBCa rbs;mineTog manesckþIdUcEdl)aneBalTukehIy . bTmanCaGaT× f a Gví C ¢ a smÖ Ú e ta ekI t eRBaHGvi C ¢ a rEmg

Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y

kñ ú g eKacrnantþ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s dU c teTA

enH . bTfa rU e b Bhi T § a vvetß t i RBHeyaKavcr rEmgkM N t; r U b Ca x a ge Rk A es ckþ I f a rE m gk M N t; rU )a yt n Fm ’ E dlCaxag


- 173 - Gdækfa eKacrnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 174 - Gdækfa eKacrnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

e R kA .

kmμsmÖÚtM

e kI te RB aH k mμ

.

e RB aHs U m , I F m ’ T a M g e n aH

k¾ m an

bTmanCaGaT× f a Gví C ¢ a smÖ Ú t a ekI t eRBaHGvi C ¢ a elak

]tu t aM g eLI g eRBaHkmμ Cabc© ½ y TU e TAdl; s BV s tV . k¾ G acarü

eB alT u keh I y e RB a Hk mμ C ¢ r U b Cab ; e da yG t þ P aB . B i tN as;

B Y k déT eBal fa r U b C ae dI m E d l C a b; ed ayGni ® nÞ i y m i n c U l

s U m ,I Gahar

dl ; v i b s Sn a )a n .

k¾ C ab c © ½ y ] b tß m Ö k m μ C¢ r U b

.

Et e RB a Hse mø g

E tB ak üen aH x u s e RBaHkñ ú g ) alI ma nB ak üC aGa T× f a H

m an s m u d æ a nB I ] t u n i gc i t þ el ake TI bm i n eBaldl ; Fm ’ B Y k 4 m an k a re kI t e RBa H Gvi C ¢ a Ca e d I m . e RB a He padæ B V ³ Ca mha PU trU b

s eB V s g ç a ra Gn i c © a t i

e na H Ég el akeT I b mi n eB al f a G a Rs ½ y mh aP U t rU b 4 .

Gf n i B V i n Þ t i T u e k ç

m ü : a ge T ot k ñ ú gbT fa F m μ a e nH )andl ; x n§ mi nman rUb 3

E d l Rb kb e d a y ci t þ E dl CaPv gÁ

.

su xu m rU b

Edl

C a b; kñ ú g Fm μ a y tn³ sU m , I k mμ Casm u d æ an n i g rU b Ca e d I m s U m ,I

B i t N as ;

F m’ Ta M gL aym an r U b C aed I m

s U m ,I C ab ; k ñ ú g

És meK Á a v í s u T § i y a .

kalNabu K Á l rEmgeXI j edaybBØ a afa

sgç a rTaM g Lay

T a M g B Y gm i n e T og / k al e n a H rE mg e n O y N ay kñ ú gT u kç e na H Ca p ø Ú v énesck þ I b ri s u T § .

T a M g Gs ; . mü : agv i j e Tot rU b Na ² r E mg e k I teL I g e d ay k m μ N a ² . Kb ,I RCabrU b e n aH ² e d a yk mμ en aH .

y T a bB a Ø a y bs S ti

m ü : a ge T ot k ñ ú gel ak en H

k ñ ú gvi s u T § m KÁ e l akeB alfa

b u K Á l B Y kx ø H

Bi c a rN aeX I j c, as ; s g ç a rx a gk ñ ú g xø Ü n .

e RB aH k a re cj ca km KÁ

rEmgmi n m an

Et

e day Rtw mE teX I j x a g

sn þ an rbs ; x ø Ü n k ¾ m i n Kb , I s e ®g Á a HcU l e TATaM g Gs ; . e RB aH

k ñ ú gb r i s u T§ b : u e N Ñ aH s U m ,I xage RkA k ¾ K b, I e X I j pg . e RB a H

s U m ,I rU b EdlCa b; ed ayGn i ®n Þ i yCa ed I m

dUecñaH

k¾ c U l dl; v i b sS na

) a n . d U e cñ a HK b, I RCab ka rse ®g Á a H Fm ’ T a M g e n a H

e da yb Tf a

RB HeyaKavcrrEmgeX I j c, as;

s U m ,I xn § é nb u KÁ l

d éT s U m ,I s gç arEdlCaGnu b , aT i n ñ k³ fa m i n eT o g C aT u k ç C a


- 175 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

Gntþa

.

dUecñaH

- 176 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

rbs ; b u KÁ l déT

b ¤ ka rRbRB w t þ ed ayj aN / b¤ Rb RB w t þ e RB aHja N / b¤ RbRBw tþ

s U m ,I k ar k M N t; rU b EdlCa b; ed ayGn i ®n Þ i yCa ed I m s gç arEdlRbRB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gP U m i 3

.

dUecñaH

edI m ,I R tÚ v kareXI j rU b . KW

rr ; ss

KW

c i t þ s n þ a nk ñ ú grU )a rmμ N _

víBaØaNcriya

.

GavC¢ n ki r i y aBüakta ki r i y a

eQμ a H f a

GavC ¢ n

e hI yrav rk

KW

eQμ a Hf a

R t w mE tk a reF V I e da ym i n manv i )a k

k ñ ú g c r i y an an t þ B a Ø aNni eT Þ s d U ct

k ñ ú gbTmanCa GaT × b T f a

ka rn w kC a GBü a kt

bTfa

n a M c a ksn þ a n E d l C a Pv gÁ

Gdæ k fa cri y anantþ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s .

ed I m , I R t Ú v kareX I j KW Rb RB w t þ e TA

bTfa T s S n tß a y

¬ cb; GdækfaeKacrnantþBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y

k ñ ú gG a rm μ N _ E dl dw geh I y / b ¤ R b RB w t þ n U v kard w g .

eQμ a Hf a m i nc U l dl ;

v i b s Sn arEm g mi nman .

e TA en H

eQ μ a H fa j aN c ri y a e RB aH G tß f a c ri ya K W j a N

e TI b KY r R) a f ñ a s U m , I k a r kM Nt ; c k ç ú C ae dI m

.

e RB aHGt ß f a

beg ¥ ane T A ka n;

ki r i y a

e RB aH G tß f a

eQμ a Hf a

GBüakt

e RB aH G tß f a B ü a k rN_ m i n c at; fa C a ku s l b ¤ Gku s l .

m an

bTfa

T s Sn ed æ a

Rt w mE tC akareX I j

.

eQ μ a H fa

es ckþ I d U cteT Ae nH eQ μ a Hf a c r i y a e RB a HG tß fa Rb RB w t þ e TA

TsSnM

kñ ú g Garmμ N _ . cri y a KW vi B aØ a N eQμ a Hfa ví B aØ a Ncri y a .

k a re XI j rU b enaH . Gtß K W k a reX I j eQμ aH f a T s S ne d æ a .

eQ μ a H fa k a r mi nd w g

/

G B a Ø a Nc ri y a

e RB a HG tß fa

b ¤ RbRBw t þ e RB aHk a r mi nd w g

.

G a r mμ N _ E dlm i n dw g / b ¤ Rb RB w t þ n U v ka r mi nd w g .

RbRBw t þ e d ay b ¤ R bRBw t þ k ñ ú g

e RB aH G tß fa

Caeht u e XI j

b ¤ e XI j Ég

b¤ Rtw mE tCa

bTfa c k ç ú v í B a Ø a N M ck ç ú v i B a Ø aN )andl ; ku s lv i ) a k b ¤ Gku s lvi ) a k . bTfa Ti d æ t þ a eRBaH)aneXI j ehI y KW eRBaH)aneXI j


- 177 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 178 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH mi nmankarT TY l Ga r m μ N _

r U ) a rm μ N _ e d ayckç ú v i B a Ø aN E dlm i n eX I j . bTfa

G a v C¢ n k i r i y a B ü ak t a

ki ri y a KW k a rn w k C a

GBü akt )andl ; ci tþ E dlC am ena T V a r avC ¢ n ³ .

G P i n i e r a b na

v í ) a k me n aF a t u

C av i )a kE dleL I gk an; G a rm μ N _ e RB aH G tß fa

bTfa

.

men aF a t u

eQ μ a Hf a

Edl

G P i n i e rabn a

el I k eLI g k an ; Ga r mμ N _ E dl ) an eX I j eh I y

.

sm,d i cä nñ m e n aF a tu Cav i )a kT a M g BI r . bTfa G P i n i e r a b i t t þ a e RB aH elI k eL I g ehI y KW e RB aH

bTfa

víCannedæa

kardwgc,as;GarmμN_

Rt w mE tC a kard w g c,as ;

edayGMNaccitþsÞúHeTAkñúglMdab;

G a r mμ N _ e na H C aG t ß

m i n Emndé T

.

e RB aHel akeBaldl ;

C v n ci tþ C aG k u s l

n i gCv nci tþ E dlCam K Á p l

bTfa v í ) ak m e n av í B a Ø a N F a t u men av i B a Ø aNF a tu E dl

énv i b s Sn a

Tu k epSgehI y kñ ú g xagmu x kñ ú g TI e nHKY r kan; y kCvnci t þ d ¾ e ss . E t KY r ka n; y k Cvn ci t þ Edl[ek I tes c kþ I rI k r ay

el I keL I g k a n; rU ) a rm μ N _ .

e sc kþ I f a

G M B I B ak ü

manCaGaT× f a eQμ a Hfa vi B aØ a Ncri y a eRBaHGtß f a mi n RbRBw t þ .

eRB a HelakeBalGehtu k ci t þ Tu keh I y

C av i )a k KW sn þ I rN me nav i B aØ aNF a tu B i ca rN aG a rm μ N _ C a

e da yk u s l km μ

vi ) akTaM g BI r . sU m ,I k ñ ú g esatTV a rCaedI m k¾ m ann½ y enH sU m ,I

k ñ ú gT V a r 6 K b ,I RCabfa G e h tu k c i t þ 1 8 KW GavC ¢ n c i tþ 2

el akm i n eB aldl ; e vad æ B V n³

T V i b B a© v i B aØ aN ci tþ

karkM Nt ; G a r mμ N _ kñ ú g lM dab ;

sn þ I r N ³ k a rB i c a rN aGa rm μ N _ k ¾ Kb ,I k a n; ykfa rEmg)an

hs i t u b, aT c i t þ

e RB aH RB H Gd æ kfa ca r üeB al T u k ehI y .

N c ri y a .

bTfa

v í C a n n tß a y

ed I m , I R t Ú v kard w g c,as ; K W

ed I m , I

R t Ú v ka r dw gc , as; F mμ a rm μ N _ ni g Ga r m μ N _ manr U b Ca e d I m .

10

s m,d i c ä nñ ci t þ

ci tþ [ ek I tesc kþ I r I k ra y

2

s nþ I rNc i tþ 1

faCa

3

viBaØa-

\LÚ v enH RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r edI m ,I n w g sEmþ g fa EdleQμ a H fa

viBaØaNcriya

e RB a HGtß f a

Rt w m Etd w gc,as ; Ga r m μ N _


- 179 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

e TI beB alb Tm an CaGa T × esckþ I f a

vi B aØ a N

nIraKa

crti

- 180 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

RbRBw t þ m i n man r aK ³

rEmgmandl; r vagkartaM g cu H kñ ú g karRbkb

d U cK ñ af a mi nman Gn u s ½ y . k ñ ú g bT en HK b, I RCabfa mi nman k i elsy : a g kN þ al E dldl ; n U v ka r R Kbsgá t; . B i t ehI y v i B a Ø a Nc ri y a el akm i n ) aneB aldl ; Gn u -

edayraK³CaedI m ni g mankarRbkbedaysT§ a CaedI m . kal m i n m an ka rRb kb T a M gen a H rbs ; x ø Ü n

vi B a Ø aN rE mgt a M gen A kñ ú gT I ta M g

. eRB a Hd U e c ñ a H RB Hsa r I bu t þ e tß r rEmgsEm þ g R t w m

s ½ y E dll H) an ehI y

.

RBH s a rI b u tþ et ß re dI m, I s M E dg dl;

Ts Sn³ kñ ú grva ge da yb r i y ay f a

v i B aØ aNc ri y aN a

man

Etki c © r bs; v i B aØ a N énvi B aØ a NEdlelakeBalehI y enaHeday

eQ μ a H fa n I r a K a Caed I m . v i B a Ø aN c ri yae na H CaeQμ a H rY c

B ak üm an n I r a K a

p u teh I y B I r aK³ Caed I m eT I beB alb Tm an Ca GaT × fa r a K v i b , -

Caed I m

RbRBwtþminmanraK³

.

.

e Qμ a Hf a

nIraKa

e RB aH G t ß f a

GacarüBYkxøHeBaleFVICarsS³fa

y u t þ a p u t eh I y B I ra K³ .

niraKa .

mü: a geTot

m ü : a ge T ot b u KÁ l m an ra K ³ed ay te Rmk . ma ne Tas ³ e da yk a r Rb TU s r: ay

.

m an e m ah ³ e d ayk a rve gV g

.

ma n

m an He d a yk a r Rb k an ; x ø Ü n . m an Ti dæ i e da yk a re XI j v i b ri t . P aB C aG ñ kra ym ay b¤ P aB Ca G ñ k m i n s ¶ b; eQμ a Hf a ] T § c © . v i c i k i c ä a man G tß dU c )an eBal ehI y . eQμ a Hfa Gnu s ½ y eRBaHGtß f a edkRtaM e nAkñ ú g snþ a n . eB al fa

n i r n u s y a el akeB al fa n a n u s ya manesckþ I

e T ot

eT I b eB al fa

edI m ,I e XI j ci t þ E dlpu t cakki e lsBY k déT ku s el h i

e n a H Ég C akm μ mi nm aneT as

kemμhi

Caed I m

e RB aH m i n ma n e T a s

.

ku sl

m an raK ³ C a

e dI m . eQ μ a H fa s u k á a n i km μ s e RB aHR b kb e d ayhi ri » t þ b, ³ E dle FV I PaB Ca G ñ k b ri s u T § i . eQ μ a H fa s u x u R Tyan i e RB a HGt ß f a mans u x e k I t eL I g e RB aH m ans u x Rb RB w t þ e TA .


- 181 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

m ü : a ge T ot s u x e k I t eL I g

e Q μ aH f a

s u x u R Tyan i

e RB aHm ans u x C av i ) a k

.

- 182 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB a HG tß fa

m an

b ri s u T § i edayRbRktI e RB aH G tß f a m i n ma nki e ls esckþ I f a

K b ,I RbkbGku s l

c i t þ m an Rbk a rd U ceB aleh I y enH bri s u T § i e dayRbRktI eRB a H

e da yp Þ ú y K ñ a d U cEdl )aneB aleh I y . bTfa c , as; eh I y C a k ; c ,as ;

viBaØaet

crti

esckþ I f a eQ μ aH f a

m i n m an ki els

R b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gG a rm μ N _ E dl dw g

Ga r mμ N _ E dl dw gc , as; viBaØat

edaykar

manraK³ C aed I m

.

eRB a Hd U e cñ a H

elakeT I b

eB alT u kfa eQ μ a H fa v i B a Ø a Nc ri y a e RB a HG tß fa R b RB w t þ e TA R t w mE td w g b : u e N Ñ aH . )a z³ f a n i e kø s ed æ n k¾ m an . K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g

k ñ ú g Ga rm μ N _ E dldw g c, as ;

d U c t eT Ae nH

bTfa

Tu k fa eQμ a Hfa vi B aØ a Ncri y a eRBaHRbRBw t þ k ñ ú g kardw g c,as;

eQ μ a H fa m n a ) an i eRB aHGtß f a e B j ci t þ . b ¤ f aj ú a M g c i tþ [

e RB aH Rbk be da yk a rd w g C a k; c, as ; d U csM B t; B N ’ e x ov e RB aH

eBj c i t þ

[ ce R mI n

Rbkb edayBN ’ e x ov .

eQ μ a H fa

m n a b i k an i

k a r Rb RB w tþ E bb en H eB aleh I y

es ckþ I f a

v i B a Ø aN

m an k a rRbk bd U c

C avi B a Ø a N ma nka rRb RB w tþ dU c)aneB alehI y

m ü : a ge T ot e l a ke B alT u ked ayev ah a rf a

.

k a r Rb RB w t þ rbs;

v i B a Ø aN . E tm i n m ank a r Rb RB w tþ e pS gB I v i B a Ø a N . bTfa b k t i b r i s u T § m i T M

citþM

n i k á i e lse d æ n

r U bT a M g e n aH

. .

k arj ú a M gc i tþ

KW

es ckþ I f a

[eBjc i tþ e n a H É g

kñ ú g r U b EdlCa TI R sLaj ; e na H

C a rU bEdl KY r R)a f ñ a

e da yG M N ac é ns ½ B Þ

b ¤ m i n KY r R) a f ñ a k¾ e d ay

rU bE dlK Y rRsLaj ;

rEmgek I tk ñ ú g r u U b EdlKY r R ) a fñ ab : u e N Ñ a H

.

. .

e RBa H r aK ³

e T as³ k¾ r EmgekI t

k ñ ú grU bEdlm i n K Y rR) af ñ a b : u eN Ñ a H . bTfa

c i t þ e nH

kñ ú g r U b EdlCaT I R sL aj;

.

eh I y e n aH . e l a k GFi b, ay Tu ky : agN a . e la kGFi b , ay

bTfa v i B a Ø a Ns S É v r U ) a c r i y a e h a t i v i B aØ aN ma n

mn a b i e ks u

G B a Ø a Nc ri y a

raKsS

C v n tß a y ed I m ,I k a rs Þ ú He TA én raK ³

R b RB w t þ e TA e dI m, I ka rs Þ ú He TA én raK ³e da yGM N ac é nsn þ ti .

KW


- 183 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

G a v C¢ n k i r i y a B ü ak t a

GBüakt esckþ I f a

kiriya

KW

- 184 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

k a r nw k Ca

menaFatu C aki r i y a KW karnw k CaGBüakt

CakareFV I T u k k ñ ú g c i t þ e da ym i n RbéB kñ ú gc k ú ç TV a r . bTfa

raKsS

Cvna

k a rsÞ ú H e T Aé n r a K³

KW

raK³

bTfa G B a Ø a N c r i y a R b RB w t þ kñ ú gG a r mμ N _ E dlm i n dw g r aK ³ Rb RB w t þ e d aymi nd w g

e RB a H ra K³ ekI t

edaykarmi n dw g . sU m ,I k ñ ú g bTd¾ e ss k¾ m ann½ y enHdU c Kñ a . bTfa

t T u P eyn G s m e b kç n s μ w v t ß ú s μ w k ñ ú gvtß ú E dl

m i n ) ans mø w g e d ay ra K³ k ñ ú gvtß ú

eBalK W

ni ge Tas³

r U )arm μ N _

Ta M gB I r en aH

)andl ;

ev orcakkarsm ø w g e d ay GM N a c

bTfa e m ahs S C v nt ß a y ed I m , I s Þ ú He TA éne ma h³ K W e dI m, I s Þ ú HeT Aé nemah³ ed ayGM N ac é nv i c i k i c ä a ni g]T § c© ³ . GBa Ø a N c r i y a

m i n Em ned I m , I y : a gd é T .

bTfa

víniBn§sS

) andl ;

m an H

E dlr Y bri teh I y ta M gen Ae d a y k ar R k GW t R kTm . bTfa

bramdæay

énT i d æ i E dl Rbkan;

E dlQank n ø g r U b EdlCa rbs; m i n eT o gC ae dI m

)andl ;

Tidæi

ehI y R bk an ;

P aB C ar bs ; m i n e T ogCaed I m GM B I cM E Nkd éT . bTfa v í e kç b K ts S én ]T § c © ³ Edlm an k a rra ym ay KW ] T§ c © ³ E d l m an k a rr ay ma ye T Akñ ú grU )a rmμ N _ . bTfa

GnidæaKtay

é nvi ci k i cä aEdl mi ndl ; k ar RB m -

e RB ó g KW dl ; PaB mi n ma nk a rse R mc c i t þ . bTfa famKtsS énGnu s ½ y dl; P aBCaFm’ m ankmø a M g .

é nr a K³ n i ge Tas ³ .

bTfa

dl ; s PaBé nm an HC aed I m . b Nþ ab TT aM g e n a H

R b RB w t þ e TA 7 d g . ra K³ en aH Ég Rb RBw t þ e TA e rOy ² .

el akGFi b , ay f a

b T m an C aGa T × v í n i B n § s S é nmanHEdl c gCabTeB al

KW

Rb RB w t þ ed I m ,I esckþ I m i n d w g

bTfa F e m μ s u KW k ñ ú gF m ’ T aM gL ay ma n rU bCa ed I m b ¤ C a F m μ a r mμ N_ . eRBaHraK³CaedI m rEmgR)akdedaykarmi n dw g . dU e cñ a H RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r kalnw g jú a M g karmi n dw g [Ebø k ecjeTA eday


- 185 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 186 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

Rb RB w t þ Ca mY yvi ci ki cä a ) andl; R b RB w t þ e da yka rs Þ ú H

karRbkbki e ls manraK³CaedI m eTI b eBalbTmanCaGaT× f a

] T§ c © ³

s r a K a c rt i R b RBw t þ C a mY y ra K³ .

e TA éne ma h³ K W Gv i C¢ an u s ½ y .

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

Kb , I R Cabdl ;

bTfa sanu s ya crti RbRBw t þ C amY y Gnu s ½ y sU m ,I

k a r Rb RB w tþ e da yk a rs Þ ú He TAénemah ³ manH T i d æ i m an a n u s ½ y

k ñ ú gbT en H k¾ KY re F V I Gn u s ½ y m Y y ² [Ca m U l t am n½ y Edl

T i d æ an u s ½ y Gvi C¢ a nu s ½ y .

eB aleh I y enaHÉg

bTfa

s eT as a

bT fa

c r ti

sraKa

crti

RbRB w tþ m an eT as ³

)andl ;

e da yG M N ac G nu s ½ y d ¾ e ss Edlman k ñ ú gc i tþ e n aH .

R b RB w t þ e day k ars Þ ú H e T Aé n Gv i C¢ an u s ½ y K W emah ³ .

b T m an C aGa T × f a

bTfa s em a h a c r ti R b RBw t þ C am Y y emah³ )andl; R b RB w t þ e day k ars Þ ú H eT Aé nr a K³

e Tas ³

m an H

Tidæi

smana

R b RB w t þ e day k ars Þ ú H eT Aé nra K³

RbRB w tþ Ca m Y y manH e mah ³

k a mra K³

)andl ; Pv ra K³

n i gGv i C¢ an u s ½ y . bTfa sTi d æ i crti RbRBw t þ C amY y Ti d æ i )andl; RbRBw t þ e da yk a rs Þ ú He TAénraK³ emah³ ka mraK³ ni gGv i C¢ an u s ½ y . bTfa s ]T § c © a c r t i sv í c i k i c ä a c r t i Rb RB w t þ Ca mY y

R b RBw tþ Rb k bed ay

B i t N as ; k a r Rb RB w tþ e na H Ég r Em g Rb RB w tþ e T A Ca mY y raK³ Caed I m

c r ti

raKs m,y u t þ a

r a K³ CaBaküevcn ³énkarRb RBw tþ C a mY y raK³C aedI m e na HÉ g .

] T§ c © ³

n i gvi ci k i cä an u s ½ y . bTfa

eh I y Rb k bk a r RbR Bw tþ C a mY yGn u s ½ y

e da yG M N ac k a rRb k bK ñ a

eRBaHe ht u e n aHeT I b

m an e Qμ aHeRcI n y: a g m an C aGaT × f a s r K a Rbkb edayraK³ k a r Rb RB w tþ R bkbed ayeRc I n Rbk a r C a mY yK ñ a Caed I m

m anv tß ú rY m Kñ a

m an ka r ekI t rY mKñ a

n i gG a r mμ N _ rY m Kñ a

e RB aH e h tu e na H eT I b )a n

rlt;

es μ I e d ayraK³

e Q μ a H e RcI n y : a g

m an C a

G a T× f a raKs m,y u t þ a . m ü : a ge T ot

e RB a Hk a r Rb RB w tþ en aH

mi n Rbk be da yk mμ


- 187 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

C a k u s lCaed I m R bkb ed ay km μ C a G ku s lCaed I m . RBHsarI b u t þ etß r

kalsE mþ g

m an C aGaT × f a k u s e lh i

G B a Ø a Nc ri y a

KW

dU ec ñ H

eT I b e B al bT

nw g ekI t kñ ú g lM d ab; m KÁ k þ I

k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a n I r a K a c r t i RbRB w tþ m i n m an ra K ³

k ñ ú gG a rm μ N _ E dl m i n

kñ ú g G a rm μ N _ E dl mi nd w g t a msP av³E dlBi t

e RB a H

Kb,I R Cabkarmi n manraK³CaedI m edaykarkm© a t; r aK³CaedI m . e da yG t ß R tw mE tka rm i n ma n ra K³C a ed I m kñ ú gv i B a Ø aNc ri y a .

e ma h³m ank a r mi nd w g C al kç N ³ . bTd ¾ e ssmanes ck þ I d U c )aneBalTu k eh I y .

KW

G a v C¢ n ³

é nvi v dþ nanu b s Sn a mi n man

.

dU e cñ a H

bTfa

j ae t

k ñ ú g G ar m μ N _ E dld w g

E dld w g tamesckþ I B i t

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gj aNcr i y a d U c te TA enH . e RB aH kiriya

k a r n w k C aG B ü a k t

ekI t kñ ú g lM d ab; p lkþ I . elakbM N g

y ks U m ,I Ta M gB I r y: a g .

k e m μ h i edaykmμ C a k u s l .

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa G B a Ø a e t dwg

- 188 - Gdækfa criyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs

C a bc © ½ y kñ ú g lM dab ;

k a rB i c a r Na eX I j ka rE b kF ø ay C aed I m edI m ,I R beyaCn_ d l; v i v dþ n anu b sSnaCaedI m

.

RB Hs ar I bu tþ e tß r

KW

k ñ ú g G a rm μ N _

s E mþ gdl ; ka r

r Y b rY m Kñ aé ncr i y a 3 e da ybT m an CaGaT × fa GBa Ø v í B aØ a N criya

.

e R B a Hvi B a Ø aN c ri ya

e da yG M N ac R t w m EteF V I n aT I E dld w g G M N a cG k u s l ci tþ e kI t eL I g

12

m a nGeh tu k ci tþ e k I teL I g . dY g

GB a Ø a Nc ri y ae d ay ma nnaT I m i n dw g

.

TaM g enaH elakeTI b mi n eBaldl; k i r i y a KW karnw k CaGBüakt³

j aNc r i y a ed ay G M N a c é n v i b s Sn a m KÁ p l e F V I n a T I d w g

eB alv i v d þ n an u b s Sn aC a ed I m b: u e N Ñ a H . B i t Nas ; ka r nw k

e d ayv i e ss .

rE mgma ned I m , I R beyaCn _ d l ; G nu e l amB a Ø a N b: u e N Ñ aH

GM B I

enaH elakeBaldl ; v i v d þ n an u b sS na m KÁ ni gpl . m ü : a ge T ot k ñ ú g bT fa p l s m ab t þ i en H

j aNc ri y a

K b ,I R Ca b fa

c r i y aT aM g e n H

seh t u k k am av c rC a ki r i ya ehtu k kamavcrCavi ) ak

ku s l

m an k a r rY b rY m Kñ a

. m an

ev orv i b s Sn a

ma ns -

ehI y rU ) avcrku s l GrU ) avcrku s l


- 189 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 190 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

C a GBü a kt³ p u t B I cri y a 3 .

kam

Kb,I R Cabfa bc© e vkç N jaN rbs; R BHeskç ³ Geskç ³ C a k arB i ca rN an i B V an

mKÁ

pl

e RB aH el aks Em þ g jaN -

c r i y a E d l Cav i v d þ n an u b s Sn a m an ni B V anCa Garmμ N _ el ak se ®gÁ a HcU l kñ ú gjaN c ri ya

.

e RB a Hcr i y a

s U m ,I T a M g e n a H

eRB aHGt ß f a

v t ß ú kam

eQ μ a H fa

kam

e RB aH G tß fa Edlb u KÁ l R) a fñ a . k a m 2 y : a g e n aH R ta c; e TA k ñ ú gRbe TsN a ed ayk a rRb RB w tþ e TA . R beTs en aH eQμ a Hf a k a m av c r eRBaHGt ß fa Ca TI R ta c ; e T Aé nk am . m ü : a ge T ot R b e T s e n a HC a ka mav cr 1 1 K W G ) a y 4 m nu s Sel ak

e FV I naTI énj aNed ayv i e ss e dayRbkard U e cñ H .

.

[ R ) afñ a

1

n i g e Tvel ak

6

.

d U c C ab u rs RBm Ta M g

¬ cb; GdækfacriyanantþBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

Qμ Ü j re TH) a nR t ac; e TA k ñ ú g RbeTsNa Rb eTs en aHs U m , I m an

3

stV e CI g 2 eCI g 4 déTRtac; e TA elakk¾ e hAfa sstß a vcr CaTI R tac; e TArbs; B Y k Qμ Ü j reTH

Gdæ k fa PU m i n antþ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

eRBaHkM N t; Q μ Ü j reTHTaM g enaH

T u ky : a gNa s U m ,I kalman rU )avc rC aedI mBY k déT

Rtac; eT A

k ñ ú gRbe Tse naH RbeTse naHel akk¾ e h A fa k a mav c re n a H É g K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y t e T Ae n H

.

bTfa

kñ ú gP U m i n antþ B a Ø a N ni eT Þ s

PUmieya

P U mi Ta M gLay

dU c

)andl ; Pa K

e RB aH k M N t ; r U ) av c rC a e d I m T a M g e na HT u kd U e cñ a H . el akeB al fa

kam

e RB a Hl u b bT e R k ay

d U crU bP B

b ¤ bri e c ä T . kñ ú gbT fa k a m a v c ra e nH)andl ; k a m 2 y : a g

el akeB al fa r U b d U e cñ a H . F m’ É Nani m Y y EdlCab; ed ay

K W k i e lskam 1 v tß ú k a m 1 . q n Þ r a K³ Ca ki elskam .

kamenaH

vd þ ³ R bRB w tþ e TA k ñ ú g PU mi 3 C av tß ú ka m . k i e ls kam eQμ a Hf a

)andl ;

eQ μ aH fa

k a m av c r

Rb eTs 11 y : ag en H

e RB a HR t a c; eT Ak ñ ú g k am E d r . s U m , I f a Fm ’ B Y k N ak ñ ú g


- 191 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

kamavcrenH

RbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g rU b PB

F m ’ B Y ke na HR b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gT I d é T e da yBi t

- 192 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

ni g GrU b PBk¾ d U e cñ a H k ¾ Kb , I R C abf a

sU m ,I

Ca k ama v c r

d U ces ckþ I f a d M r I )a neQμ a Hf a s g Á a m a v c r

R t a c; eT Ak ñ ú g s®gÁ a m s U m ,I R ta c ; e TA k ñ ú gn K r

e RB aH

el akk ¾ e B alfa

s g Á a m av c r Rtac ; e TA k ñ ú gs ® gÁ a md U c K ñ a . s tV T a M g L ay Rt a c; e TA elI eKak kñ ú gT w k s U m ,I en Ak ñ ú g kEn ø g mi nE mne K ak n i gm i n E mnT w k el akeBalfa s t V e Kak st V T w kd U cK ñ a d U e cñ a H . m ü : a gv i j eTot

eQμ a Hf a

kamavcr

e RB aHGt ß fa

R t a c; eT Ak ñ ú g F m’ Ta M gLa ym an R bka r dU ceB aleh I y

k am

Ta M g e n H

m ü : a ge T ot k a men a Hs U m ,I R ta c ; e TA k ñ ú g rU ) av c r F m’ dUecñaH

nig

K b, I RC a bes ck þ I e R b obe F obd U e c ñ H

fa kaleBalfa eQ μ a H f a kU n eKa e RB aH ERs ky M eQμ a Hf a RkbI

e RB aH ed kel I E pn dI

r U bPB

Ca rU bkñ ú g bTman Caed I mf a

r U ) a v cr a

.

eQμ a Hf a

r U )avcr³ eRB aHRtac ; e TAkñ ú g r U b e n aH . G r U bPB Ca GrU b . e Qμ a Hf a G r U ) av c r a eRBaHRtac; e TA k ñ ú g Gr U bPU mi en aH . eQ μ a H fa b ri y a b n ñ a e RB aH G tß f a r ab ; cU l KW Q a n c u Hx a gk ñ ú g

kñ ú g etPU m i kvd þ e n aH

.

eQ μ a H f a

G b ri y a bn ñ a

e RB aH G tß fa m i n r ab ; cU l kñ ú ge tP U m i kvd þ e n aH . K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gn i e TÞ s én PU mi m a nkam av crP U m i Ca e dI m d U c te T Ae n H .

e da yk ae F V I [ C aGa rm μ N _ .

G r U )av crFm ’ k¾ B i t

T a M g Gs ; [ CaB Y kd U c K ñ a eT I b eFV I [ C a\ t ß I l i g Á f a k a m a v c r a .

.

st V C M B U km i n ER s k yM

b¤CMBUk

e dk elI Epn dI eQμ aH e n a Hr E m gm an d l; s t V T a M gB Y g dU ecñ a H . kñ ú g bTenHelaksmø w g dl; P U m i s ½ B Þ eBaleFV I F m’ T aM g enaH

bTfa

ehdæeta

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KW

e day c M E Nkxag

e R ka m . bTfa G v I c i n i r y M Gv I c i n r k eQμ a HGv I ci e RB a H Gtß f a rlkénGNþ a te P ø I g reN þ AGv I ci e nH

.

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é nevT na niry

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K μ an cen ø aH

e RB a HG tß fa

kñúg

k arc e Rm I n

K W esckþ I s u x mi nmankñ ú gn rken aH . m ü: ageTo t n i r y e RB a H


- 193 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 194 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

G t ß fa mi nman esck þ I r I k r ay .

k a r Rb RB w tþ e TA

bTfa b ri y n þ M k r i t V a kareF V I T I b M p u t KW e F V I n r k eB al KW

Gv I ci enaH[CaT I bM p u t

.

bT f a

] b ri e t a

xagel I

KW

e da yc M E Nkx agelI . b Tf a b r n i m i t þ v sv tþ I e T ev e Tv t a C a n; b rn i m i t þ v sv tþ I K W eTv taEdl maneQμ a Hy : a ge n H e RB a H j ú a M gGM N ac[Rb RB w tþ e TA k ñ ú gkam

EdlGñ kd éTn i m i tþ [

s M e dAdl ; e kI t x ag e Rk a mGv I c i nrk

.

rE mg

e F V I k ars e ®g Á aHxn § Ca ed I m Ta M gen aH . e RBa Hx n§ Caed I m Ta M ge na H eQ μ a H fa

Gvcra

eRB aHQ an cu H k a r Rta c; eT A . ehI y R ta c ;

e TA k ñ ú g cM ENkx age Rkam . bTfa

Étß

b r i y ab n ñ a

E dl ra b ; c U l k ñ ú g»k asen H

.

e da ybT enH e RB aH xn § C aed I m T a M g e nH R t ac; e T Akñ ú g»k ase n H

bTfa Genþ a kri t V a kareFV I k ñ ú g xagkñ ú g KW dak; T u k kñ ú g xagkñ ú g .

eQ μ a H fa rE mg R t ac ; e T As U m ,I kñ ú g» kas déT . Et m i n rab ; cU l

bTfa y M É t s μ w G n þ e r k ñ ú g ce nø a H e n H KW k ñ ú g»k asen H .

k ñ ú g»k asen a H

m ü : a ge T ot b T f a y M C al i gÁ v i b l ø a s .

s U m ,I kú ñ gT I d éT rE mgC a cM E NkEdl elakkM N t; yk .

bTfa É t ß a v c r a k a r Rt a c ; e T Akñ ú g» kas en H es c kþ I fa

.

dU e cñ a H kal x n § Ca ed I m T a M g e n a H

\LÚ v enH RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r kalnw g sEmþ g Fm’ r ab; c U l kñ ú g

edaybTenH eRBaHsU m ,I x n§ C aedI m BY k déTRtac; e TAkñ ú g »kas

» kas en H

e nH

P aB C ar bs ; B i t e TI beB al fa

RK ax ø Hed ay ek I t eL I g R tg ; k En ø gx ø H

eB al fa

Gvcra

e da yeh tu e na H

d U ec ñ aH el ak eT I b

ed I m , I m i n se®g Á aH xn § C aed I m Ta M gen aH x n§ C aed I m B Y k N a

R t a c; eT Aedaykare k I t k ñ ú gT I R K b; p ø Ú v

.

Qancu H k ñ ú g» ka sen H RKb; kEn ø g

nigkñúgkal

R K b ; k al . mü : a ge T ot R t ac ; e TAk ñ ú gc M E Nkx age Rkam e da y

R ta c; e TA

ed ayPaB Cabc © ½ y én k ars U n ü c a k Rk ú m

bTfa

R B h μ e la k M

x n § F a t u G aytna CaGa T× .

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E dl)an dl ; P U m i é nbz mQ an

n i ged ay

.

bT f a

KW

zanrbs ; RBh μ

Gkniedæ

eTB Can ;

G k ni dæ ³ K W m i n Em nkn i d æ ³ eRB a HGt ß fa x< gx < s ; . bTfa

smabnñsS

KW cU l smabt þ i . ed aybTe nH


- 195 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 196 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

el akeB aldl ; ku s lQan . bTfa ] b ,n ñ s S

KW

bTfa G s g ç t a c F a t u Gsg ç t F a tu KW n i B V a nFatu

ekI t kñ ú gRBh μ e l akedayGM N a c

bTfa G b ra b i ctesSa P U m i e y a PU mi 4 Rb k a reT o t

v i ) ak . edaybTen H el akeB aldl ; v i ) akQ an . bTfa

TidæFmμsuxviharisS

CaeRKÓgenACas u x kñ ú gb c © ú b, nñ

rbs ; e l akG ñ km an F m’

)andl ;

E dlb c© ½ y m i n ) an ta k; E t g .

F m ’ C ae R K Óg e n A Ca

K b ,I RCabedayGM N acct u k ³m Y y ² . bTfa

ctþaera

s ti b , d æ a n a

st i b, dæ an

4

) an dl;

s u x kñ ú gb c© ú b ,n ñ K W kñ ú g G t þ P aBEdlRbc½ kS e Qμ a Hf a T i d æ -

kayanu bsS nas t i b ,d æ an evTnan u b s Sn as ti b, dæ an ci tþ a-

F m μ s u x v i h ae ra .

n u b s Sn as ti b, dæ an Fm μ a nu bsS nas t i b ,d æ an .

eQμ a Hf a

TidæFmμsuxviharI

e RB aH G tß f a

m an Ti dæ F mμ s u x v i h arFm ’ e naH )andl ; RBH Gr hn þ

.

rbs ;

m an G Fi b, ay dU ecñ H

eQ μ a H fa

bdæanM

e RB a HGt ß f a

el akG ñ kma n Fm ’ C ae RK Ó g e n AC as u x kñ ú gb c© ú b ,n ñ e na H . ed ay

t a M gT u k e s ck þ I f a cU leTAta M gT u k KW Rb RB w t þ e TA er Oy ² .

bTen aH el akeBaldl ; k i r i y C Ä a n .

s ti e n aH Ég t a M g Tu k

bTfa G F i b , ay fa B a © a y tn U b e K

e ct s i k a

)an dl;

F m ’ s m,y u tþ ed ayci t þ )andl ;

Fm ’ E dle kI t kñ ú g c i tþ .

bT f a

.

Ga k a sa n -

eTv taG ñ k cU l dl ; G a kas a n B a © a y-

tnPB . s U m ,I kñ ú gbT TI B I r k ¾ man n½ yen Hd U c K ñ a . bTfa m K Á a )andl ; G r i y m KÁ 4 . bT fa m KÁ p l a n i )andl ; plé nGri y m K Á 4 .

eQ μ a H fa

sti

e RB aH G tß f a

eQ μ aH f a

e RB aH G t ß f a

stib,dæan

k ar r lw k

c U l eT Ata M gT u k .

k a r cU l eT At a M gT u k p g

.

.

e Q μ a H fa

s ti e n aHp g

e Qμ a Hf a

m ü: a ge T ot

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C ab dæ a n .

KW

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sti b ,dæ a n TaM g Lay eRBaHsti T aM g enaHeRcI n edayGarmμ N _ . bTfa

ctþaera

s m μ b , F an a

esckþ I B üayammi n [Gku s l

sm μ b, Fa n

4

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eF V I

EdlenAmi n Tan; e kI t mi n [ekI t


- 197 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

eL I g

1

e FV I esckþ I B üayamlHGku s l

- 198 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

Edl ek I teLI g 1

e F V I esckþ I B üayam[ku s lE dlenAm i n Ta n; ek I t [e kI t eL I g 1

e FV I esckþ I B ü ay am

1

.

e Qμ a Hf a

KW

k a rt a M gen A ku s lE dlek I teL I g

bFan

e RB aH G tß fa

Caehtu ta M gT u k

KW

Büay am . bTenHCaeQμ aH én es ckþ I B ü ay am .

eh tu

G t ß fa c U l e TAs mø w gGa r m μ N _ . bTfa c t e s S a G b, m B aØ a e y a G b , m B aØ a 4 )andl ; e mt þ a k ru N a mu Ti t a ]ebk ç a . eQμ a Hf a G b , m B aØ a ed ay k a r pS ay e T Am i n m an Rb m aN

.

B i t N as;

G b , m B aØ a

T a M g e n aH rE mg p Sa ye T A ka n; s t V T a M g L ay rk R bm aN mi n )a n

bTfa s m μ b , F an M K W Büayamm i n v i b ri t Büa y am ta m

e da yG M N ac é n G arm μ N _ . b ¤ f a p Sa ye T A e d ay GM N ackar

B ü ay am ed ay] ) ay

p S aye TA

BüayamEtmü: a gb u : e N Ñ a H G M N a cén ki c©

Büa y ame da yRb éB

elakeF V I Ca

4

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.

es ck þ I

cM ENk

ed ay

.

bTfa c t þ a e r a

\ T § i ) a T a \T § i ) aT 4 )andl ; qn Þ ³ v I ri y³ c i t þ ³ v I m M s a . es ckþ I é nbT en aH )aneBalTu keh I y . bTfa c t þ a r i Q an a n i Q an 4 )andl ; b z mC Äa n m an G gÁ

5

KW

T u ti yCÄa nm an GgÁ

vi t k á 3

v i ca r KW

bIti

bIti

sux

É kKÁ t a

sux

ÉkKÁta

.

.

tt i -

y CÄ an m anG g Á 2 KW s u x Ék K Á t a . c tu t ß CÄ an m anG gÁ 2 K W ]e bk ç a É k K Á t a . Gg Á T a M g en Hel akeB al fa Q an e RB aH

e da ym i n ma ns l ; s U m , I s t V m Y y

e RB a Heht u en aH

el akeT I b e B al f a G b , m B aØ a eya ed ayG M N ackarpSayeTA m i n m an Rbm aN . bTfa

ctesSa

G r U b s m a b t þ i e y a G rU bsm a bt þ i 4

)andl ;

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smabt þ i

G a k i B a © B aØ ay tns mab t þ i

v i B aØ aNB a© ay tn envsB aØ an asB aØ ay -

tnsmabtþ i . bTfa c t e s S a b d i s m Ö i T a bd i s m Ö i T a 4 man es c k þ I d U c) an eBalT u keh I y . bTfa c t e s S a b d i b T a b di bT a 4 ) andl ; b di bT a


- 199 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

4 E d l RB Hd¾ m an RB H Pa K C am © a s ; Rt as ; T u kf a H

FM 1 .

Tu k ç a bdi b Ta Tn§ a Pi B aØ a bdi b tþ i l M ) ak Rtas; d w g yW t yU r . T u k ç a b d i b Ta x i b , a P i B a Ø a bd i b tþ i l M ) a k Rt as ; d w g q ab ; rh ½ s .

Kb,I R Cabfa elakeBaldl; Q anmanGarmμ N _ eday G a r mμ N _ T a M g Lay

kM N t ; Ga-

eday mi nta M g c i tþ eT ogT a t;

rm μ N _ manksi N C aed I m .

s u x a bd i b Ta T n § a Pi B a Ø a bd i b tþ i ga y RsY l Rtas ; d w g y W ty U r .

bTfa

ctþaera

GriyvMsa

G ri y v gS

4

e sc kþ I fa

RBHBu T § C am© a s; RBHbec© k Bu T § C am© a s; sav½ k énRBHBu T § C am© a s;

s u x a bd i b Ta x i b , a P i B a Ø a bd i b tþ i g ayRs Y l Rtas ; d w g q a b; rh ½ s . bTfa ctþ a ri

- 200 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

el akeB al fa

CaRB HGr i y ³

RBHGri y ³T a M g e n aH Garmμ N ani Garmμ N _ 4 )andl; Garmμ N _

4 E d l RB Hm an RB H PaK C am© as; Rt as ; fa H

b ri t þ M G b ,m a N a rmμ N M m an km ø aM g ti c

ma n Ga r mμ N _ F M

1 .

tUc 1 . Gb,maNM Gb,maNarmμ N M mankmø a M g eRcI n manGarmμ N _

1

/

v gS

ExS

b e v NI

v gS rbs ; RB HG ri y ³ ?

F m’

4

rbs ; .

vgS

Ta M gen H

se nþ ase day bi NÐ ) at

1

KW /

se nþ ase da yes nasn ³ 1 / e Rt k G rkñ ú g Pa v n a 1 . k al eB aldl ; s e nþ ase da yb i N Ð )at elakeB aldl ; se nþ as e da yK i l an b, c© ½ y

Gb,maN M b r i t þ a r m μ N M mankmø a M g e Rc I n m an G arm μ N _

eQ μ a H fa

rbs ; RBH Gri y³T a M g enaHet I d U cem þ c se nþ ase da y cI v r

bri t þ M bri t þ a rmμ N M mankmø a M g ti c manGarmμ N _ t U c 1 .

.

e RB aH Pi k ç ú N asenþ as kñ ú gb i N Ð ) at

.

P i k ç ú en aHnw gm i n s en þ a se da yK i l anb , c© ½ y ) an y : agNa . bTfa

c t þ a ri

sgÁhvtßÚni

s gÁ h v tß ú

s gÁ h v t ß ú 4 T aM ge nH KW Tan 1 e by üv C ¢ ³ 1

4

)andl ;

Gtß cri y a 1


- 201 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 202 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

smant þ t a 1 . C ae h tu s e ®g Á aH Cn 4 TaM g e n H .

c k á m an 5 y : a g KW c k á e FV I ed ayeQI 1 c k á e FV I ed ayEkv 1 c k á KW Fm ’ 1 c k á K W \r i y a bf 1 c k á K W s m , tþ i 1 .

bTfa T a n M )andl ; k a r [t amsm K Y r . bTfa

e b y üv C ¢ M ) andl;

n i y ay KY r RsLaj;

tam

smK Y r .

cká e FV I e dayeQI kñ ú g bTfa ´m© a s; e Tv³ cká e naHseRmc ehI y 6 Ex xV H 6 yb; . cká e FV I e dayEkvkñ ú g bTfa kM N t;

bTfa G t ß c r i y a )andl ; k a re FV I es ckþ I c eRm I n ed ay

y k e d a ycká v i l eT A

.

ck á

eFV I k i c © E dlKY r eFV I k ñ ú g TI e naH ² ni g edaykarTU n μ a n kñ ú g vtß ú E dl

t f a K t [ Rb R B w t þ e T Aeh I y

K Y re F V I ni gm i n K Y re FV I .

s rI r y n þ m an c ká 4 man T V a r 9 .

bTfa s ma n tþ t a PaB Ca G ñ k man xø Ü n esμ I K W m an Pa B 4

xøÜn .

R b C u M RB mK ñ a eh I y

d éT

.

s m an etþ a

e RB a HGt ß f a

P aB C aGñ km an xø Ü n esμ I

manx ø Ü n esμ I b u KÁ l

eQ μ a H fa

smantþta

.

ck á

F m ’ k ñ ú gb Tf a

c k á E dl

\ ri y ab f

kñ ú g bT f a

KW

B ak ü f a mñ al Pi kç ú Ta M gL ay ck á 4 y : a gT a M g e n H / cká

esμ I m i n Rbkan; x ø Ü n . GFi b ,ayfa manRbmaNxø Ü n Ki t RbmaN eQμ a Hf a

.

KW

rE m gRb RB w tþ eT Adl ; e Tv ta

e Tsv as

1

/

c ká

4

n i gmn u s ST M agL ay y:ag

s b, ú r i s a bsSy

K W GV I x ø H 1

?

KW

Gñ km k bdirUb-

Gtþ s m μ a bN i F i

1

G F i b , ay fa k a r K i t Rb m aNx ø Ü nfa Gñ ken He f ak Ta bC ag ey I g

b u e B V k t b u B a Ø t a 1 en HeQ μ a H fa c k á K W s m , tþ i . kñ ú g T I e n H

G ñ ke nH esμ I e yI g

el akb M N gy kcká K W s m, t þ i en aHÉg .

.

G ñ ke nHl ¥ Ca g ey I g

eh I y Rb RB w t þ

KW

e F V I t ams mK Y rdl ; bu K Á l e naH . GacarüB Y k x ø HeB alfa P aB C a G ñ k r Y m s u x rY m Tu k ç eQμ a Hf a s m a n t þ t a . k ñ ú gbT fa c t þ a r i c ká a n i c ká 4 en H ) an d l ; eQμ a Hfa

kñ ú g bTTaM g enaHbTfa bdi r U b eTsvaesa enAkñ ú g RbeTs d ¾ s mK Y r )andl ; bri s ½ T 4 R) a kd k ñ ú g Rb e T s N a . e n A k ñ ú gRbe Tsd ¾ s mK Y rEbb en aH .


- 203 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 204 - Gdækfa PUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa s b, ú r i s a bsSe y a G a Rs½ ysb , ú r s ) an dl; B w g G aRs ½ y esBKb ; s b, ú rs m an RB HB u T § Ca m© as ; C a ed I m . bTfa x ø Ü n T u kR béB

GtþsmμabNiFi .

d má l ; x ø Ü n T u kR béB

Rbs i n e bI RKam u n C aGñ km i n ma ns T § a

l Hb g; k a rm i n mansT § a C ae dI men aH

k ar t aM g C a ed I m

eh I y ta M ge nA kñ ú gsT § aC a

e dI m .

niBVan

edayGM N a cé nGnP i CÄ ak þ I

eQ μ a Hf a

Fm μ bT

KW

GnPiCÄa . kaemi n eRkaFkþ I

karseRmcQanCaedI m

edayGM N ac

e mt þ aC ae K al kþ I eQ μ a H f a Fm μ b T KW G B ü a )a T . k a r ta M gst i Tu kRbéBkþ I

ka rseRm cQa nCa ed I m e d ay

s ti C aR b Fa n kþ I eQ μ a H f a Fm μ b T KW s m μ a s t i . bTfa b u e B V c k t b u B a Ø t a P aB C a Gñ k eF V I b u N üT u k k ñ ú g

k al mu n

)andl ;

Pa BC a Gñ ksn SM k u s lT u k k ñ ú g kalm u n

e nH C ak a rkM N t; k ñ ú gbTe nH

.

k u s l km μ

sm,y u tþ ed ayj aNk u s l e n aHÉ g e TA k ñ ú gRbeTsd¾ s mK Y r

.

Edl eF V I e d ayc i t þ

rE mg n aM bu rs en a Hc U l

[esBKb; s b,ú rs

b u KÁ l e naHÉg

rEmgtm á l ; x ø Ü n T u kR béB .

smabt þ i 8 k þ I k a rse R mcQ a n Ca e d I m e d a ys m ab tþ i 8 Ca Rb F an kþ I eQμ a Hf a Fmμ bT KW sm μ a s m a F i . m ü : a ge T ot

k a rs e Rm cQ an Cae dI m

e d ay GM N a c

G su P 1 0 e Qμ a Hf a F m μ bT KW G n P i C Ä a . se R mcQ an e da yG M N ac RB hμ v i h ar 4 eQμ a Hf a Fm μ b T K W GB üa )a T . se RmcQan

edayG M N a cG nu s St i

10

n i gGah ae rbd i -

bTfa c t þ a ri F m μ b T an i F m μ b T 4 )andl ; cM ENk

k U l sB a Ø a eQ μ a H fa F m μ b T K W s m μ a s t i . se RmcQ a n

é nF m’ 4 . Fm μ bT 4 KW G V I x ø H ? K W GnP i C Ä a 1 G B ü a )a T 1

edayGM N acksi N 10 ni g Gana)ansSti eQμ a Hfa Fmμ b T

sm μ ast i 1 sm μ a sm a Fi 1 .

K W s m μ a s m a F i . edayRbkard U e cñ H .

k a r mi nel aPkþ I

ka rse RmcQ an vi bsS na m KÁ pl

bTfa \ m a

ctesSa

PU m i e y a PU mi 4 T a M g e n H K b, I


- 205 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 206 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

Rbkb bTmY y ² ed ay GM N a cct u k á ³ e naHÉg .

sm ø ab ; s tV

¬ cb; GdækfaPUminantþBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

.

bTf a

Tuc©rit

eQμ a Hfa

kmμbf

e RB aH G tß f a

kmμ

TaM g enaHCapø Ú v edI m ,I e TAkan; G )ay . EdlCakmμ b fTaM g enaH . k u s l km μ b f

10

ev orcakkarsm ø ab ; s tV

)andl ; 1

ev orcakkarn i y ay ku h k

1

ev orcakkarn i y ay e R Ka t R Ka t

kaysucrit

3

e v o r c a kk a rl Y c RTBüeK

ev orcakkarRbRB w t þ x u s k ñ ú gk am

1

.

v cI s u c r i t

4

e v orc a k ka rn i y ayj ú Hj g; 1

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ni y aycak; e dat 1 ni y ay

kayTuc©rit

s M L w g r M é B cg; ) an r bs; eK

1

B ü a) aTe K

1

mü: a geTot sU m ,I T aM g ku s l ni g Gku s l elakk¾ e Bal fa

kmμbf

eh I y

e R B a H[ ek I tb di s n§ i

elakmi neB al fa

1

d ¾ e ss

KW

e R Ka t R Ka t .

1

e v o r cak k a rn i y ayB a k ü

)andl ;

KW

k a r [bd i s n § i

rbs ; e K 1 mi n B ü a)aT 1 e XI j Rt Ú v 1 . 10

3

KW

\ t R bey aC n _ 1 . m e n a s u c r i t 3 K W m i n s mø w g rM éBcg; )a n

G k u s l km μ bf

1

e XI j xu s 1 .

k ñ ú gF m μ n an tþ B a Ø aNn i e TÞ s d U ct eT A

k m μ b ef

R b RB w tþ xu s kñ ú gk am

sm þ I e R Ka t RK a t 1 n i y ay B a kü \ t R bey aC n _ 1 . m e n a -

Gdæ k fa Fmμ n antþ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s e nH

1

vcI T u c © r i t 4 KW ni y ayku h k 1

3

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y

lY c RT B ü e K

1

.

.

km μ b f

K b ,I R Ca b fa

sl; G M B I ka rE dleB al e RB aHm i n m an cM ENkk ñ ú g

s U m ,I ku s l

el akk ¾ k an ; y ks M e d Adl ; k u s l

bTfa

rU b M

) andl;

rUb

28

ni gG k u s l

n i gG k u s lE dl

e d ay Rb e P T Ca PU t r U b

n i g] )a Tay r U b . bTfa

vi)akM

)andl ;

vi)ak

23

e d ay G M N a cén

k a mav c r ku s lv i ) ak 16 . Gku s lv i ) a k 7 . 3

KW

bTfa ki r i y M )andl; kamavcrki r i y a 11 edayGM N ac


- 207 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 208 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

é nb r i t þ ki ri y a 3 . m h a ki r i y a 8 . e Qμ a H f a ki ri ya e RBa H

PvgÁ

manRtw m Etki r i y aedaymi n manvi ) ak . edayehtu R tw m b: u e NÑ H

é nvi ) ak

el akeB al kamav c re dayG M N ac é n rU b C aGB ü a R ki t

k ñ ú gQansm a btþ i E dlCarU ) av c r n i gG rU ) av cr . s U m , I e l ak

vi ) a k Ca

G B ü a Rk i t ki ri y aC a GBü a R ki t . bTfa \ F d æ s S

)andl ;

ni g cu t i rbs; b u K Á l Gñ k ekI t kñ ú g RBhμ e lak edayGM N ac .

elakmi n)aneB aldl ; k i ri ya Edl C aGB üa Rk i t

m i n ) aneB alT u kk ¾ B i t rbs; b u KÁ l Edlr s; en Ak ñ ú g

kusl

K b, I RCab fa

kalelakeBaldl ;

k ¾ C ak a reB al d l ; ki ri y a Ca GBü ak t ³ Tu k p g

e RB a H

el aken H . e daye Rc I n el akeB ale day G M N a cén mn u s S

R b RB w t þ e TA es μ I Kñ a e d ayku s l EmnB i t . K b,I RCabk ñ ú gm at i k a

el a k

e nH k ñ ú gb dæ an

e RBaHman Q anP av nakñ ú gmn u s Selak

s U m ,I kñ ú ge Tvel a kk En ø g x ø H RBh μ e l ak

R K ax ø H k ¾ )a nQan

rU bRBh μ T a M g L ay k ¾ e F V I ) an

ekI t kñ ú g RBhμ e lakenaH e k I t k ñ ú gx ag el I

.

mü: a ge T ot

.

s U m, I kñ ú g

e d ay GM N acGñ k

Gñ k ekI t kñ ú g cM E NkxageRkam b : u E n þ kñ ú gC a n; s u T § avas

m i n m an Gñ ke k I t k ñ ú gx ag e Rk a m Gñ k mi n ceRmI n Qan

.

.

k ñ ú g r U ) av c r

ekI t kñ ú g xageRkam

tRÚtbbnñsS

k u s l Gku s l e n a H Ca G a rmμ N _ . bTfa samBaØ p lani )andl; s amBaØ p l 4 . eday

n i gGrU ) av c r

bTen H

n i gG rU ) av c r

n i B V a n M )andl ; n i B V a n Ca GBü a R ki t .

rEmgekI t kñ ú g kamavcr-

én bu K Á l G ñ ke k I t k ñ ú gR Bh μ e l ak

enaH )andl; vi ) akQan 4 RbRBw t þ e TAedayGM N acbdi s n§ i

e d ays ½ B Þ k u s l -

C v n fa k al ku s l Gku s l rlt; vi ) ak rEm ge kI t eLI g e RB a H

ni g Gñ k

s u K t i b : u eN Ñ a H mi nek I t kñ ú gT u K t i . bTfa

el akse ®gÁ a Hki ri y a Cvn

el akeBaldl ; e l aku t þ rv i ) a kC aG B ü ak t

bTfa

) am u C ¢ m U l k a

KW

.

bT f a

m an) aem aC¢ ³ C ax a ged I m

.

e RB aH Rbkbe da yes ck þ I rI kray . kñ ú gbT fa G n i c © e t a m n si k e ra e ta ) a m u C ¢ M C a y ti e nH manesckþ I f a

kaleFV I T u kk ñ ú g c i t þ ed ayRbéB

rE mgek I t )a -


- 209 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

e ma C ¢ ³

.

)a em aC¢ ³

k al e F V I T u kk ñ ú g c i t þ e d aymi n RbéB .

Bi tN as ;

- 210 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

rEmgmi n ek I t

kalNaBicarNaeXIjkarekIt

kal eF V I T u kk ñ ú g c i t þ ed aym i n RbéB

n i g k a r r l t ; é nx n § T a M g Lay kal

k u s l nw gm i n ek I t . m i n c aM ) ac ; n i y ay d l; v i b s Sn aeL I y .

enaH

r Em g) anb I t i

Rbs i n eb I s Y r fa

enaH

C aGm t ³r b s ; G ñ k d w g c , as ;

eRBaHeht u N a

el akeT I b e B al Tu k e d a y

sru b

.

eqø I y fa

x ø aM g

.

e R B a H kal mi n ma n) ae m aC¢ ³

Ta M g L ay .

edI m ,I s Emþ g esckþ I d l; ) aemaC¢ ³ mankmø a M g karm i n eB j ci tþ

E t kñ ú gT I e n HKb,I k an ; y kes ck þ I r I kra y e RB a Hk a rB i c a -

kar

e R tkG r k¾ nw g e kI teL I g k ñ ú g esnasn³d ¾ s ¶ b; n i g k ñ ú g Fm’ Edl

rNaklab³Cabc© ½ y

CaGFi k u s l . kalmany: a genH rEmgQandl; P avnaBi t .

eQ μ a H fa ) a m u C ¢ M

m ü : a ge T ot

k a l m an e s c kþ I r I k ra y

Pavn a rE mgdl;

.

PaB Ca G ñ k dl ; n U v esck þ I rI k r ay

KW b I ti m an km ø aM ge xS ay . K b, I e X I j f a

b GkS cu H k ñ ú gG t ß é n GaT i k mμ .

k a reB j e Rb o b e RB aHmi n m an ka re R tk G r . e dI m, I s Em þ gdl ;

bTfa b m u T i t s S dl ; P av ³ ) ae m a C¢ ³ )andl ; es ckþ I

P av n a E d l m an ] b k ar³ e d ay P aB Ca x a ge dI m énkareFV I T u kk ñ ú g

r I k r ay

c i t þ e d ayRbéB n w g eBaldl ; B Y k 9 x ag mu x .

b e m aT i t s S xø H / esck þ I d U c K ñ a .

es ckþ I rI k ra y

e RB a HC a bc© ½ y é nv i b s Sn a

yeta yeta smμsti lPtI bIti)aemaC¢M

x n § a n M ]T yB V y M Gmt M t M v i C a n tM .

KW

bTfa

rE mg ekI t

dl ; Gñ k ce Rm I n v i bsSna ed ay ) al I f a H

n i g )a e m a C ¢ ³

e R t kG r

bIti

e da yesc k þ I r I k ra y e n a H

)andl ;

b I ti m an km ø a M g

.

.

)a z ³ f a

b Tf a

bIti-

m n s S ci tþ m an bI ti K W c i tþ R bkbedayb I t i . Kb ,I eX I j fa lu b yu t þ s½ B Þ e cj dU c bTfa GsSrefa rfTw m edayesH bTfa

kaeya

)andl ;

n amka y

b ¤ rU b kay

.

.

bTfa


- 211 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 212 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

bsSmPti rEmgs¶ b ; KW CaGñ k s¶ b ; e sckþ I x V l ; x V a y . bTfa

rEmgenOyNay KW e n OyN ay k ñ ú gs gç arT aM gL ay e RBa H

b s S T § k a e y a kays ¶ b ; K W kays b, ay e RB aH R bkb ed a y

Rbkb edayv i b s Sn aj aN 9 y: ag .

es ckþ I s ¶ b ; T a M g B I r .

bTfa

bTfa s u x M e v eT t i rEm g )a nes ays u x K W rEmg)an es ayects i k s u x

b ¤ ka yi ks u x p g

rbs ; Gñ km an esc k þ I s u x bTfa

citþM

smaFiyti

KW

.

bT f a

suxiena

RBm e RB og ed ay esc k þ I s u x

ci t þ r E mg

t aM gm a M

KW

ci t þ rE m g

.

rEmgkM N t; dw gtam esckþ I

B i t ed ayk a rta M gm a M r bs ; ci t þ .

d w gsg ç arta mes ckþ I B i t

eday G M N acén ]TyB V y B aØ aN

rE mgl Hbg ;

kalj ú a M gvi bsS na [e kI t eL I g dl; fñ a k; kM B U l

KW

ci tþ rE mgr Y c pu t e RB aH m KÁ C ae h t u

edaybeg¥ aneT A kñ ú gn i B V an Edl )andl ;

vi raK³

.

KW

Etkñ ú g

K m < I rxø H kñ ú gv ar³en H el aks res rn ½ y kñ ú gs c© ³T u k man Caed I m f a d w g t ames c kþ I B i t f a en HT u kç ed ayci tþ t a M gm aM . mü : a g k ñ ú g K m < I rxø Hela ks res rT u kn ½ y kñ ú gs c© ³en a H

e d ay

n½ y manCaedI m fa rEmgeFV I T u k kñ ú g ci t þ e dayRbéBfa enHTu k ç . s U m ,I kñ ú g 2 v a r³ e n aH k ¾ e p Sg K ñ a e da yBüB a¢ n ³b u : eN Ñ a H e d a y G t ß m i n epSgKñ a . e RB aH bT fa n i B V i n Þ M v í r C ¢ t i kalmKÁ jaN

Caed I m . bTfa

r Y c pu t

e T ot

bTfa y fa P U t M b C ana t i rE mg dw g tamkesckþ I B i t K W

k ale n OyN ay

bTfa v í r a K a v í m u c © t i e R B a H R) as ca k te Rm k c i t þ rEm g

plvi mu tþ i

bTfa smahi e t ci e tþ kalci t þ t aM g maM Castþ m I v i P tþ

KW

v í r C¢ t i

C a k arl H bg ; B I s gç a rEdl Rbkbed ay mK Á B aØ a N .

.

t a M gm aM esμ I / ci tþ m anG ar mμ N _ E tm Y y .

c u H kñ ú gP avl kç N ³eday Pav³

k a r kM Nt ;

niBVinÞM

bsSti

rE mg eX I j

KW

eX I j e daybBa Ø ac k ç ú

eFV I v tß ú E dlBal; R tÚ v enaH dU c eXI j edayEPñ k . bTfa ni B V i n Þ t i

se Rmc

eRBaHeB aldl ; m KÁ j aN

Edlse Rmcki c ©

Rtas ; d w g Gr i ysc © ³ 4 p g . e RB aH dU ecñ aH

e RB a H

sU m, I v ar ³E dl


- 213 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

el akeB ale dayn ½ y r bs; s c © ³

4

- 214 - Gdækfa FmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs

k ¾ m i n ) ane p Sg K ñ aed ay

G t ß edayvar³enH .

F a t u n a n tþ M

\ LÚ v en H RB Hsa rI b u tþ e tß r kalnw g [G a rm μ N _ e pS g Kñ a e RB aH eB aldl ; Ga r mμ N _ m i n epSgKñ a

ed ay bT ma nCa ed I m f a

G n i c © e t a eT I b e B al bT ma n C a GaT× fa r U b M G n i c © e t a m ns i k e r a t i rE mgm nsi k a rk ñ ú g r U b ed ayP aB C arbs ; m i n e T og . bTfa

e ya n i e sa m ns i k a r m U l ka

es amnsi k arCaxaged I m

C ae K al

.

KW

Fm ’ m an e y an i -

e RB a H ) aem a C¢ ³Caed I m

l Hey an i e s amns i kare cjeh I y k ¾ m i n R Kb ; 9 . bTfa

smahi e tn ci e tþ n

bdic©

]b, C ¢ t i

psSnant þ M

es ckþ I e pSg

é nps S³ G a Rs ½ y es ckþ I e pS gKñ aé nFa tu ekI teL I g e s ck þ I f a karepSgKñ a énckç ú s mö ½ s SCaedI m

GaRs½ y karepSgénckç ú F atu

Caed I m e kI t eL I g . bTfa p s S n an t þ M b d i c © Ga Rs ½ y k are p S gKñ aé nps S³ K W GaRs½ y ka re p Sgénckç ú s m ö ½ s SC a ed I m . bTfa ev Tn an an t þ M ka r ep S gén evT na KW es ck þ I e pS g K ñ aé nck ç ú s m ½ ö s SCaevTnaCaedI m .

edayci t þ t aM g maM KW eday

c i t þ C ae h t u .

bTfa s Ba Ø a n a n tþ M ka rep S génsB aØ a K W es ck þ I e pS g é nk amsB a Ø a Ca e d I m .

bTfa y f a PU t M b C an a t i rE mgd w gt am esc k þ I B i t KW d w ged ay bB aØ a

] ) ay .

.

el aks e® g Á a H k ar dw g tams c © ³

Edl C a

c M ENkxage dI m e d ayk a rs þ a b ; t am k ñ ú g kal eB al fa rE m g mnsi k a red ay R béB f a e n HT u k ç . bTfa e y an i e s am nsi k a e r a )andl ; mnsi k are day

bTfa s g á b , n an tþ M kare pSgénkarRti H ri H K W esckþ I e pS gé nk a rR ti H ri Hdl ; k a mC ae dI m . bTfa

q n Þ n a n tþ M

kare pS gé nqn Þ ³

K W e sckþ I e pS gé n

q n Þ ³ rEm ge k I t eLI gy : ag en Hf a q nÞ ³k ñ ú g r U b qn Þ ³ k ñ ú gs M e L g e RB aH k a re pS gé nk a r Rti H r i H .


- 215 - Gdækfa jaNbBa©knieTÞs

bTfa KW

b r i L ah n an tþ M

k a r e p S gé n e s ckþ I e k þ A Rk h a y

esckþ I epSgén karek þ ARkhay

rEmgek I teL I gy : a ge n H fa

esckþ I e kþ A Rkhaykñ ú g rU b esckþ I e kþ A Rkhaykñ ú g sM e Lg eRBaH kare pSgénqn Þ ³ . bTfa bri e ysnantþ M karepSgénkarEsV g rk KW esckþ I e pS gé nk a rEs V gr k rU b C a ed I m

r E m ge kI t eLI g

e RB a Hk ar e pS g

é nk a re kþ A Rk h a y . bTfa laPnantþ M karepSgénkar)an KW esckþ I e pSg é nk a r) an rU b C aed I m

rE mg ek I teL I g

e RB aHk a re p Sg Kñ a é nka r

Es V gr k . ¬ cb; GdækfaFmμnantþBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

Gdæ k fa jaNbBa© k ni e TÞ s Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g jaNbBa© k ni e TÞ s dU c teTAenH . el ake FV I b u c ä av i s C ¢ n arY mE tm Y y l M d ab ; é nj aNT aM g 5 en a H .

e RB aH ma nes ckþ I s m < ½ n § Kñ a Ca

- 216 - Gdækfa jaNbBa©knieTÞs

bTfa

GPiBaØata

e h an þ i

C aG ñ kd w gF m’ rh I y

KW

C a G ñ k dw ged ayl ¥ e da y GM N a cd w glk ç N ³é nsPav Fm ’ . bTfa j at a e h an þ i C a k ar dw g Fm ’ e hI y KW eQμ a Hf a Cakardw g ehI y eRBaHdw g sPavedayGM N acénjatb,ri B aØ a . C a k ar dw g Fm ’ T a M g en aH ed ayj aNN a e RB aH G tß f a eQ μ a H fa

j aN e n a Hdw g

bBaØa

.

e RB a H G tß f a

.

eQμ a Hf a

j aN

Kb,I RCabkarsm < ½ n§ K ñ a f a

d w gc,as ;

.

edayn½ yen H

K b ,I Rbkbs U m ,I j aNd ¾ e ss . bTfa b ri B a Ø a t a e h a n þ i C ak a rk M N t ; d w g eh I y K W Ca k a rd w ged ay Cu M v i j edayG M N acéns amBaØ l k ç N ³ . bTfa t I r i t a e h an þ i Ca k a rBi c a rN aeh I y KW c U l eTA k M N t ; [ dl ; R B m

ed ay P aBC arbs ; m i n e T o g C ae dI m

e d ay

G M N a cén tI rNb,r i B aØ a . bTfa

bhIna

e ha n þ i

Cakarl H) aneh I y

KW

C a ka r

l Hn i c © s Ba Ø a Ca e d I m e d ay Gn i c© an u b s Sn aja NCae dI m t a M g B I P g Á a nu bsS naj aN .


- 217 - Gdækfa jaNbBa©knieTÞs

bTfa b ri c © t þ a

e han þ i

- 218 - Gdækfa bdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

C a ka rl Hb g; eh I y

KW

C ak a r

KW

Ca k ar

rbs ; x ø Ü n [se Rmc .

d ke c al ed ay GM N ac én k arl He na H Ég . bTfa

Pavíta

ehanþi

C a ka r ce Rm I n eh I y

¬ cb; GdækfajaNbBa©knieTÞs ¦

3

c e Rm I n ni gG b ; rM ehI y . bTfa kic©dUcKña

Ékrsa

e h an þ i

ma nrsE tm Y y dU cK ñ a

e d a yk a r[s e Rm ck i c © r bs ; x ø Ü n

KW

man

Gdæ k fa bdi s mÖ i T ajaNni e TÞ s

n i ged ay k arl H

cM E NkpÞ ú y Kñ a / b¤ m anrsEtmY y dU c Kñ a edayvi m u t þ i r s eday k a r pu t ca kF m ’ C a cM ENks Rt Ú v . sc ä i k t a

bTfa KW

ehanþi

Caka reF V I [ C ak ; c,a s; ehI y

C a ka reF V I [ R bc ½ kSc , as; nU v pl Fm ’

e day G M N a cka r)a n

n i B V a nFm’ ed ayG M N ackarc ak; F ø ú H . bTfa p s S i t a e h a n þ i

n i g e d ay k arB al; R t Ú v

C a k a rB al ; R t Ú v eh I y

dl ; j aN

5

Ta M gen H

x a ge Rkay

.

kñ ú gT I e nH

e d a y ka r ca k; F ø ú H

e nH

.

v i n i c ä ½ y kñ ú gb di s m Ö i Taj aNn i e T Þ s d U ct eT A

e RB aH eb I e l akm i n eB alFm ’ T u k

dl ; ki c© r bs ; F m’ en aH)an KW Ca

k a rB al; R tÚ v KW ) anTT Y l pl ed ay k arB al ; R t Ú v e day k ar )an

K b ,I R Ca b

el akeB al

e da yG M N a csu t mB aØ aN eh I y kñ ú g elakeB ale dayG M N a cj ú a M gk i c©

.

dU ecñ a H

k¾ m i n G ac nw geB al

e TI bm i n da k; c i tþ dl ; k a r

el I keL I g c g ¥ ú l bgð aj Fm ’ T aM gL aym u n rbs ; e l ak . Gtß é n F m ’ C ae dI m el a k) an eB alT u k ehI y . RBHsarI b u t þ etß reB alF m’ E dl Tak ; Tged ay F m μ s ½ B Þ e da ybT m an CaGaT × fa kalnw g sEmþ g Gtß é n

sT§i®nÞiyM

Femμa

sT i § ® nÞ I y _

C a F m’

nantþ s½ B Þ eTI b eBalBakümanCaGaT× f a


- 219 - Gdækfa bdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

G e B aØ a

sT§i®nÞiyM

Femμa

- 220 - Gdækfa bdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

s T§ i ®n Þ I y _ C a Fm ’ m Y y E b b

.

Bit

eh I y kalel a keBalfa G e B aØ a F e m μ a C a F m’ mY y E b b K W

eh I y eBaleF V I [m an eht u . el akeBalfa G P i l ab e RB a H Caehtu bBa ¢ a k; dl; esckþ I .

el aksEm þ g dl ; e s ckþ I e pS g Kñ aén Fm ’ T a M g La y . bTfa

bdiviTita

s PaB C aFm ’ cM eBaHmu x

d w gc M e B aHeh I y

eQ μ aH f a

R) a kd ehI y

KW .

m ü : a ge T ot

R B H r a Ca f a

CaGtß é nsT§ a CaedI m TaM g enaH

edaybTmanCaGaT× f a

R)afñ a nw g dw g EtebI G ñ k déTsþ a b; B aküsmþ I k¾ r Emg)andU c Kñ a .

n amB üB a¢ n³

n a mn i r u t þ i

k a rbB a¢ a k; B üBa¢ n³ n am a Pi l ab³

y : ag

KW

.

nig

eQ μ a H

mhasmμtiraC

e RB aH mh aC nsm μ ti ta M geL I g

eQ μ a H fa s a mB a Ø n am named ays am ½ B aØ . el akeB als M e d Adl ; bT f a m ñ alva esd æ ³ ni gP a r T V aC ³

bTfa s n Þ e sS t M u K W e dI m, I s E mþ g e s ckþ I d éT dl; G ñ k

KW

4

n am 1 . k ñ ú gn am 4 y : a ge n a H kñ ú gb z mkb , RB Hn am rbs;

G F i e m a k ç e d æ a Ge tß a sPaB be g¥ anc i t þ e C O C aG t ß .

n i ru t þ i

m an

e d ay bT

m an ka rb e g¥ an ci t þ e CO

B üB a © n n i r u t þ a Pi l a ) a

e nH

s amB aØ nam 1 / Ku N n a m 1 / k i tþ i mna m 1 / »b ) at i k -

RBHsarI b u t þ et ß rsE mþ g dl ; k i c©

bTfa

nam

d w ged ay

e n a H e l a ke B al Gt ß é n bT bd i s m Ö i T a .

CaedI m

e Q μ a H fa

eRBa H ehtu E dl Gñ kCaRbFan

eL I gen H Ég

G k ç r³ fa

EdlmhaCnsm μ ti t aM g

mh a Cnsm μ ti

eT I b ekI teL I g C a R Ka

dMbUg . eQ μ a HEdl)anmkeday Ku N KW es ckþ I l ¥ y : ag en Hf a RBHFmμ k fi k

b gS ú kU l i k P i k ç ú

vi n ½ y F rP i kç ú

ti bi dkFrPi kç ú Gñ k

E dljú a M g G t ß [ R)akd eQ μ a H fa B ü B a ¢ n . eQμ a Hf a n i r u t þ i

m an s T§ a G ñ km anst i d U e cñ H eQμ a Hf a K u N n am edayKu N

e RB aH c gP¢ ab ; y : ag en Hf a

es ckþ I l ¥

m ñ a lP i k ç ú Ta M gLay

vtß ú T aM g L a y

rEmgtak; E tgvtß ú E dlCasgç t ³ eRBaHdU e cñ a HeTI b ehAfa sgç a r

.

eQμ a He d ayKu N esck þ I l¥ rbs; RBH t f aK t

taM g eRcI n ryeQμ a H manCaGaT× f a PKva

GrhM smμ a sm< ú e T§ a .


- 221 - Gdækfa bdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

- 222 - Gdækfa bdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

d U e c ñ a He TI bel ak eBalf a

RBHGaT i t ü s mu R T Rb fB I k ¾ m an e Qμ aH dU ce dI m P ñ M k ¾ e Q μ a H faPñM

Gsegç y ü a n i n am a n i

s K u e Nn

K u e Nh i nam M ] eT § y ü M

Gb i n am

RBHnamrbs; R BHtfaKt RBmedayK u N K Y rel I k RB H n am

ehs i e n a

eQ μ a H fa

sh sSe ta

s U m ,I

Gñ k EsV g rkKu N d¾ F M é RkElg

K W es ckþ I l ¥ man R bm aNm i n ) an . e d ay RB HK u N eL I gsEm þ g

.

b NÐ i t

s U m ,I Ta M gB an ;

s U m ,I kñ ú geBle nH » b ) at i k n am

k ¾ e Q μ a H fa Pñ M en aHÉg

KW CanamEdle kI t eL I g

k ñ ú gé f¶ t aM geQμ a He kμ gEdl eT I b n w ge k I t

eQ μ a H

4 y : ag en H k ¾ CaeQμ aHEtmY y enaHÉ g . eQμ a He n a H

e R bI R tw mE tC a k ars eg á t r bs ; m n u s Selak eB ale daybrmtß m i n m an

.

c M E N kGa c a rüB Y kdéT eBal fa

eQ μ aH f a

nam

C as M e L g bB a ¢ a k; d l ; x ø w m s a r .

BY kj ati n a M K ñ a

T M n gd U cK ñ an w gn ½ y d U ceB aleh I y e n aH É g .

e F V I s k á a r³dl ; T k ç i eNyüb u KÁ l eh I y e n AT I C i t ² kM Nt ; t aM g T a rke n HeQμ a HÉ e Na H

d U e cñ H

enHeQμ aH fa

kitiþ-

mü: a geTot karbBaØ t þ i G M B I m u n k¾ e nAbnþ k arbBaØ t þ i t mk . ev ah arG M B I m u n

k¾ en Abnþ rh U tdl ; e v aha rxa geRkay

¬ cb; GdækfabdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs ¦

3

m n a m name daymanekr þ × e Q μ a H .

es ckþ I fa

.

e nH

K b ,I R Ca b Gt ß én Gg Á m KÁ K W Bl³ n i g eBaCÄg Á ³ ed ay

R B H nam .

eQ μ a H fa

.

.

dUc

s U m ,I k ñ ú gb u r i m kb ,RB Hc½ nÞ k ¾ e Q μ a H f a c½ nÞ . s U m ,I

mkdl ; e Ble nH k¾ en AeQ μ a H fa RB H c½ nÞ enaHÉg . k ñ ú g G t I t


- 223 - Gdækfa jaNtþyanieTÞs

- 224 - Gdækfa jaNtþyanieTÞs

Gdæ k fa jaNtþ y ani e TÞ s

eB aldl ; G n u b s Sn a 3 kñ ú gb Ten H e da yRb k a rd U e cñ H .

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gj aNt þ y an i e TÞ s d U cteT Ae nH .

bTfa G n i m i e tþ a v i h a e r a v i h ar Fm ’ e Q μ aH f a G ni mi tþ -

bTfa n i m i t þ M )andl ; s gç a rn i m i t þ .

v i h ar KW vi harFm ’ E dl CaB Y k 3 énvi bsSn ae na H eQμ a Hf a

bTfa

G n i m i t þ v i h ar e RB aH eht u ni mi tþ e d ays P aBC aP½ y .

G ni m i e tþ

)andl ;

n i B V an Edlb di bkç C am Y y

bTfa b Ni F w )andl ; tNð a .

s gç a rn i m i tþ . bTfa

GFimutþtþa

eRB aHmanci tþ b eg¥ ane TA

KW

e RB a H

B al; R tÚ v eh I y B al; R tÚ v eh I y

bTfa G P i n i e v s M )andl ; ka rRbka n; ma M tY xø Ü n .

KW

Bal ; R tÚ v eh I y

bTfa s u B a Ø e t )andl ; n i B V an Edls U n ücaktY x ø Ü n .

n U v s gç a rn i m i tþ e da yjaN

r Em ge XI j k ar

bTfa

pusS

vyM

bsSti

rEmg eX I j ka rE bk F ø a y

ed ayv i b s Sn aj aN

.

edaybT enH CakarseRmc dl; Pg Á an u b s Sna jaN . P g Á a -

bsSna

kñ ú gn i B V an Edl mi nmantNð a Ca TI

Bal ; R t Ú v eh I y

pusS

E bk F ø a yeTAé nsgç arn i m i tþ en aH

n u b s Sn aen a H

GbNihiet

t a M g KW kñ ú g n i B V an C ab di b kç dl; t Nð a .

beg¥ an ci tþ e T Akñ ú gn i B V an en aH . bTfa

bTfa

KW

s PaBs U n üen a HÉ g

eQ μ aH f a

s u B a Ø t v i h ar . bTfa

bvt þ M

G C ú Ä e b kç i t V a

rEm gRBe g I y ken þ I y kñ ú g

Gn i c© an u -

k a r Rb RB w tþ e TA K W PaB RBe gI yke nþ I y R bRB w t þ eT AEdlCav i )a k

eRBaHvtß ú E dlmi n eTog

edaykarRBegI y kenþ I y kñ ú g sgç a r . Bi t Nas; stV T aM g Lay

jú a M g Gnt þ an u b sS na [se Rmc

CaGñ k eBjci t þ k ñ ú g karRbRBw t þ e TAEdlCavi ) ak eBalKW su K ti .

C a Gn t þ a . e RB a He htu en aH e TI b elak

EtRBHeyaKavcrenH bM N gnw g cU l plsmabtþ i eXI j sgç a r

j ú aM gG n i c © an u b sS na [seRm c

jú a M g Tu k ç a nu b sSna[seRmc

C a Tu kç . T u k ç an u b s Sna en a H e RB aHv t ß ú Edl CaTu k ç

suBaØeta

.


- 226 - Gdækfa jaNtþyanieTÞs

- 225 - Gdækfa jaNtþyanieTÞs

T a M g B Y gEdl Rb RB w t þ e T Ae n a H Ég fa C a r E m g RBe gI y ke nþ I y

.

e RB aH f a

rEmgc U l plsmabt þ i ) a n

.

r bs ; m i n e T ogCaed I m lu HeX I j y : ag en Heh I y

mi n G ac cU l )a n

e d a y Rb k a r

d éT .

eB ale day bT ma nCa GaT × fa G e B aØ a G n i m i t þ v i h a e r a Gn i m i tþ v i h ars mabtþ i ÉN am Y y eh I y

.

j aN

GavC ¢ i t V a

Bi c ar N aeh I y

KW

B i ca rN aed ay

bTfa s ma b C¢ t i K W rE mg cU l dl ; p ls ma b tþ i . bTfa

Gn i m i t þ a

eQμ a Hfa

s m ab t þ i

smabt þ i E dlrkn i m i t þ

smabtþ i E dlmi n manni m i t þ

eRBaHeXI j

n i m i tþ f aC aP ½ y eh I y c U l dl; . bTfa ni m i t þ m i n )an

eQ μ a Hf a

e pS g Kñ aé np lsm abtþ i

G n i m i t þ v i h a rs m ab t þ i KW

v i h a rd æ B a Ø a N eQμ aH f a

v i h ars mabtþ i Edl rk

n i ged ay GM N acénplsmabt þ i . \ LÚ v en H RB Hsa r I b u tþ e t ß r k al E c ks gç a rn i m i tþ eh I y rUbnimitþM

.

jaNk ñ ú gP aB

s ma b tþ d æ B a Ø a N eQμ a Hf a

.

v i h ar-

smabt þ d æ B aØ aN . RBHeyaKavcr v i h ar

Gñ k bM N gnw g beg¥ a neTAedayvi b sSna-

rE mgjú a M g v i b sS nav i h a r[ R b RBw tþ e T A

beg¥ ane T A e d ay pl s m a btþ i v i h ar

.

b M N gn w g

x V l ; x V a y eT At aml M d ab ;

rbs; v i b sSna rEmgjú a M g plsmabtþ i [ RbRBw t þ e TA . bM N g

manTaM g BI r y: a gedayGM N acénvi b sSnavi h ar

e TI beB alb Tm an CaGa T × f a

r bs ;

E dlCacM ENkxage dI mé n

j aNk ñ ú g Pa B e pS gKñ aT a M g B I ry : a gen aH

G a v C¢ n ³ .

mi n )an KW

kñ ú g e s ckþ I e pS g Kñ aB I v i bsS nav i h a r

G ñ k ta M gen Ak ñ ú gsg ç aru e bkç a j aN plsmabt þ i

bTfa

R B Hs arI b u t þ e tß r )ansEm þ g sr u bT u k

.

K Y rn w g eBalk ñ ú g

k a r ka n; ykCra n i g mrN³ elakeB alT u k m u n eh I y . kal

n w gbe g ¥ a neTAT a M g B I ry : ag en aH

rE mgjú a M gT aM gB I r y : ag en a H

[ R b RBw tþ e T A . ma n 3 y: a g e d ay bM Ngdl ; b u KÁ l e day RbkardU e cñ H . bTd¾ e ss KY r eBalTu k kñ ú g TI e nH elakeBal T u keh I y kñ ú g k a rB’ Nna dl ; s g ç aru e bk ç aja Ne n a H Ég .

¬ cb; GdækfajaNtþyanieTÞs ¦

3


- 227 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 228 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa Gannþ r i k smaFi B aØ a Nni e TÞ s e na H K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y d U cteT AenH

.

k ñ ú gGan nþ r i k s m aFi B aØ a Nn i e T Þ s

k ñ ú gb Tm an C aGa T × f a

e n kç m μ v esn

ed ay

G M N a cén en kç m μ ³ ma nGF i b , ayd U c t e T Ae n H F m’ T aM gL ay KW e nk ç m μ ³

GBü a )a T³

G a ela ksB aØ a

ka r k M N t; F m’ Edlm i n

raymay jaN ni g )aemaC¢ ³ Rbkbeday]bcarQan rbs; RBHs u kç v i bsS k³

C ab di b kç c M e BaHk i e lsenaH ²

s m ,y u tþ

citþsS

ÉkKÁta

G v i e kç e )a

Ék K Á t a c i tþ Ed l

m i n r ay may K W C ac i t þ d¾ Rbes I r m Y y dY g eQμ a Hf a É k K Á t a . eQμ a Hfa Gvi e kç b eRBaHci t þ m i n raymaneTAkñ ú g Garmμ N _ e pSg ² edayÉkKÁ t a e n aH . G Fi b , ay fa P aB mi n ra ym ay eB alKW

s m a Fi

e da yG M N ac é nsm a Fi m an Rbk a rd U ceB aleh I y

eRBaHdw g tamesckþ I B i t énci t þ t aM g maM e naHehI y

eday]bcar-

s m a Fi . bTfa

]b,C¢ti

jaNM

j aN rE mg ekI t eL I g

KW

m KÁ B a Ø aN rE mg ek I teL I g t aml M d ab ; . bTfa xI y nþ i rEmgGs; e TA edayGM N ackarkat; p þ a c; . bTfa \ti CabTsru b Gtß manRbkardU c eBalehI y .

m an k ñ ú g cM ENkx aged I m . bTfa b cä a j a N M ja Nm an C ax a ge Rk ay KW jaN rE mg ma nk ñ ú g xN³mKÁ kñ ú gc M E Nkx ageRkay . bTfa

k am a s e v a

kamasv³

P v as e v a

P v asv ³

KW

ra K³Rb kb ed ay

k a mK u N 5 .

P aB é n ci tþ C a É kK Á ta . bTfa

KW

edayGM N acénsmaFi

bTfa b z m M s me f a smf³ manmu n KW s m a Fi rEmg

e da yc i tþ mY y dY gb : u e N Ñ a H . bTfa

tsS smaFi s S vesn

bTfa

esck þ I fa

eQμ aH f asm a Fi

t a M gen Ae rOy ² k ñ ú g Ga r m μ N _ Etm Y y .

e RB a Hc i t þ

bTfa G r U bPB

es ckþ I R )af ñ a kñ ú g Q an

KW

qn Þ r a K³k ñ ú grU bP B

ra K³ ek I t rY m C am Y y ssS-


- 229 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 230 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

t T i d æ i esck þ I R)a fñ ae day GM N a cén PB .

T u keh I y kñ ú g T u P etav u d æ an kfa .

bTfa T i d æ a s e v a Ti d æ a sv³ KW T i d æ i 6 2 .

bTfa

bTfa G v i C ¢ a s e v a Gv i C ¢ asv³ KW ka r mi nd w g k ñ ú g z an ³ 8

ma nT u k ç C aed I m

s tþ mI v i Pt þ i

.

ed ay

eh I y sEm þ gk a r Gs; e TA én Gasv³ ed aym KÁ

s PaB Gs ; e TA én Gasv³ meKÁn

el akeFV I B ak üsY rt am »k as

bTfa

Gnvesesa

G)ay

k si N

m i n m an cM ENksl;

G)ayKmn I e ya

)andl;

G su r ka y

n rk

T aM g bY nen H

k ñ ú gbT fa

ehI y eT I b e qø I y t am» k ase da y

KW

Gasv³

k M e N I t t i rc ä an eQ μ a Hf a

G)ay

e btv i s ½ y

nig

e RB aH R ) as ca k

es ckþ I ce Rm I n KW esckþ I s u x . eQ μ a H fa G ) a y Km n I e y a e RB a HGt ß fa jú a M g st V E dl manGasv³enaH [eTAkan; G )ay . elakeBalGasvkç y kfa

ed ayG M N ac é n bfv I -

10

el akeB aldl ;

e da yGM Nacé nGb, nas m aF i E dl manks i N .

el akeB alBu T§ a n u s Sti Caed I m

m rNsS t i

n i g]bs m an u s St i eday] bcarQan . el akeBalGana)ansSti

E dlC a eht u [s tV eT Ak an;

b f v I k s i N v es n

C a G aT × m anesckþ I d U cteT Ae nH

C a G ar m μ N _

m i n m an cM ENksl; eQ μ a H fa Gnvess . bTfa

e TA ehI y .

k si N

bTfa É t ß . elakGF i b, ay fa kñ ú gxN³ énm K Á .

edayGM N acénkarmi n raymay

KW edayGM N acénsmaFi C a]bni s S½ y énsmaFi EdlRbRBw t þ

e s at b t þ i -

ed aybT ma nC a GaT × fa

ed ayesatabt i þ m K Á

eF V I

Gvi e kç b vesn

n i gk ay K ta sti ed ayG M N a cén Gb ,n as m a Fi .

el akeB al Gsu P³ 1 0 ed ayGM N a cén bz m CÄ an . k a r rB § k EdlR) arB § R BH Bu T§ C am © a s ; sSti .

Bu T § a nu s St i e n H

eQμ aHf a

BuT§anu-

Ca eQμ a H r bs; s t i m an RB HB u T § K u N

C a G ar m μ N _ m a n Ca GaT × fa \ t i b i e s a P Kv a G r h M . e da y G M N a cBu T§ a n u s Sti en aH . mü: a geTot karrB§ k EdlR)arB§ R BHFm’ eQμ a Hfa

Fmμ a -


- 231 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 232 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

n u s S t i . F m μ a nu s S ti e nH C aeQμ a H r bs; s t i m an RB H Fm μ K u N C a G ar m μ N _ m an CaGaT × fa s V a kç a e t a P Kv t a Fe m μ a ¬

1

¦

KW

sT§ a CaedI m rbs; x ø Ü n CaGarmμ N _

mux .

.

s ti ek I teL I g R )a rB § G ana)an³

karrB§ k EdlR)arB§ R BHsgÇ eQμ a Hfa sgÇanu s Sti . sgÇanu s Sti e nH

CaeQμ a Hrbs; s ti m anRBHsgÇKu N CaGar-

m μ N _ manCaGaT × f a s u b d i b en ñ a P Kv e t a s av ks e gÇ a ¬

.

karrB§ k EdlR)arB§ d l; s I l eQμ a Hfa sI l anu s Sti . sI l anu s Sti e nH

CaeQμ a Hrbs; s ti E dlmanKu N rbs; s I l

k a r rB § k EdlR) arB § d l ; c aK³ eQμ a Hf a c a K a n u s St i . CaeQμ a Hrbs; s ti E dlmanKu N énkarbri c © a K

K W P aB C a Gñ k lHbg; Cae dI m C a Ga rm μ N _ . k a r rB § k EdlR) arB § e Tv taTa M gLay eQμ a Hf a e T v t a nu s Sti .

eTvtanu s Sti e nH

CaeQμ a Hrbs; s ti E dlmanKu N

s ti ma nGan a)anni m i t þ C a G ar m μ N _ . sti e kI t eLI g R)arB§ e sckþ I s ø a b; eQμ a Hfa m rNs S ti e nH

mCÄimnikay mUlbNÑask³

mrNsSti .

Ca eQμ a H rbs ; s ti EdlmanmrN³

eB al KW

k a rd a c; CI v i t i ®n Þ I y _ E dl Cab; kñ ú gP Bm Y y CaGa rmμ N _ . sti E dlRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g srI r ³ EdlehAfa kay eRBaH m an s k; C ae dI m E d l

begá I t nU v vt ß ú E dlCabd i kU l Ta M gL ay K Y re x< I m sti rsS³

.

.

b ¤ Rb RB w tþ e TA k an ; k ay enaH e bI KY rn w g eBalfa

e B a l fa

el akeB al fa eQμ a Hrbs; s ti

1

x ül ; d eg ð I m cU l -ec j

eQ μ a H fa Gana)ansSti . Gana)ans St i e n H CaeQμ aH rbs ;

K W s I l rbs ; x ø Ü nm i n dac ; Ca ed I m C a Garm μ N _ .

caKanu s Sti e nH

taM g eTvtaTu k kñ ú g TI c M e BaH

k a y K t as ti

eQμ a Hf a

k a y K ts t i .

k a y K t as ti v esn

kayKta-

el akm i n eF V I C a

s U m ,I k ñ ú gT I e n H

k ¾ dU c Kñ a

k ay K tas ti e nH

manbdi k U l ni m i t þ k ñ ú g cM E Nkrbs; k ay

s k; Caed I m Ca Garm μ N _ .

Ca man


- 233 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 234 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

karrBJ k EdlR)arB§ ] bsm³ ¬ esckþ I s ¶ b ; ¦ eQμ a Hfa ] bs m an u s S t i

.

]bsman u s St i e n H

CaeQ μ a Hr bs ; s ti

s m a Fi ed ayB Y k

bTfa

edI m ,I s Emþ g dl; R bePTGb,nasmaFi el akeT I b e B al f a kard kd eg ð I m cU l Ev g Evg

TI X M KW

e da yG M N ac é n

bTfa

Ev g .

TI X M

bTfa

sB V k a y bd i s M e v T I

) an d l;

kard kd eg I ð m ecj EdleRKatRKat

xøI 1

rsSM

/

bItibdisMevTI

d w g c, as ; b I t i

KW

e FV I b I ti [

dw g c,as ; ci tþ s gç a r

ci t þ s g ç a r b d i s M e v T I

KW

smaTh M

citþM

k ar t aM g c i tþ Tu k

KW

t aM g ci t þ

viemacyM

citþM

k a rjú a M g c i tþ [p u tRsLH

KW

el akeB alB Y k 4 KW b I t i b d i s M e v T I d w g c,as; nU v bI ti 1

bTfa b s S m Ö y M k a y s g ç a r M k a r rm ¶ ab ; kays g ç a r KW s ¶ b ; k aysgç a r

bTfa

G ñ k d w g c, as ; n U v xül ; dk

d eg ð I m e cjc U l Ta M gBY g .

KW

/

j ú a M gc i tþ c ak n I v rN³Caed I m .

s U m ,I kñ ú gbT d¾ essk ¾ m an n½ yenH .

rm ¶ ab ;

1

T u ke r Oy ² kñ ú gG a rm μ N _ .

kaldkdeg ð I m cU l Ev g r E m gd w g f a GBa Ø d kd egð I m cU l Ev g .

bTfa

Ev g

bTfa G P i b ,emaTy M c i t þ M eFV I ci tþ [ r I kray .

d U cEdl el ak

eB al fa T I X M v a G s Sse n þ a T I X M G s S s a m I t i bC a n a t i

TIXM

e F V I c i t þ s gç a r e B al KW sB aØ a evT na [ R) ak d .

e day G M N acén k ardkdeg ð I m cU l

EdlelakeBalehI y f a

KW

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ni g ]bcarsmaFi

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enH

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manesckþ I s ¶ b ; T u k ç T a M g BY g Ca G arm μ N _ . G su P³ 1 0 m an G tß )aneBalehI y k ñ ú gx a geRk ay .

4

.

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1

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- 235 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

G P i b , e m aTy M

citþM

eF V I ci t þ [ r I k r a y

1

/

s m a Th M

- 236 - Gdækfa GannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs

citþM

k a r ta M gc i tþ T u k 1 / v i e m a cy M c i t þ M k a rj ú a M g c i tþ [ rY cp u t 1 edayGb,nasmaFi

ni g edayGM N acsmaFi sm,yu t þ C amY y

v i b s Sn a . bTfa e T og

KW

Gnic©anubsSI

k a rB i c ar N aeX I j s PaB mi n

el akeB ale dayG M N ac k a rBi c a rN ae XI j fa mi n

e T og .

sÞ ú H eTA

eRBaHbeg¥ a nci t þ e TAkñ ú g ni B V a n

rEmg

EdlpÞ ú y Kñ a CamY y nw g

k i elsen aH

ed ayeX I j e Taskñ ú gsg ç tFm ’

BYk

edayGM N ac é nsm a Fi Edlsm,y u tþ Ca m Y y n w g

4

enH

.

elakeB al

v i b s Sn a . m ü : a ge T ot

k ñ ú gbTe nHfa

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bsSas-

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bTfa c a k te Rm k

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viraKanubsSI KW

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es ckþ I e n OyN ay . bTfa n i e r aF a n u b sS I

d kd egð I m ecj

el akeB alkan; y kR t w m Etk a r Rb RB w tþ e TA é n

kard kd eg ð I m cU l n i g k a rd kd eg ð I m ecj GM N ackareFV I x ül; d egð I m ecj>cU l enaH

k a rB i ca rN aeX I j ka r rl t; K W

es ckþ I B i s þ a r k ñ ú gbTe nH

mi n Emn eBale da y

CaGarmμ N _ . cM E Nk

nw gm anc , as; kñ ú g Ga n a) an k fa .

el akeB ale dayG M N ac é n ka rE bk Fø a y . bTfa bdi n i s SKÁ a nu b sSI karBi c arNaeXI j karlHbg; elakeBaledayGM N acvu d æ a nKami n I v i b sSna

eXI j c,as; k ar

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¬ cb; GdækfaGannþriksmaFiBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 237 - Gdækfa GrNviharBaØaNnieTÞs

- 238 - Gdækfa GrNviharBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa GrNvi h arBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

e TA k ñ ú g Fm μ C a t i E dlsU nü TeT

e dayGM N a cé nbB aØ a

EdlCa

c M ENkxage dI ménplsmabt þ i . sU m, I kñ ú gB I r b Td¾ ess Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g GrNvi h arBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

dU c t e TA

enH . Gni c © a nu b sSnaCaedI m mann½ y dU c )aneBalTu k ehI y . bTfa s u B a Ø e t a v i h a era s u B aØ tvi har )an dl ; G rhtþ p lsmabtþ i

EdlRbRBw t þ e TAehI y

edayGakarénsu B aØ t ³

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E dl Rb RB w tþ eT Aeh I y

eday Gak a rén Gn i m i t þ ³

K W mi nman ni m i tþ rbs ; Gñ k t a M g e n Akñ ú g G ni c © a nu bsS na . bTfa )andl;

G b , N i h i e ta

v i h ae ra

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rbs ; Gñ k ta M g e n A kñ ú gT u k ç an u b -

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)andl;

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ni g Qansmabtþ i

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n I v r eN

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- 239 - Gdækfa GrNviharBaØaNnieTÞs

bzmCÄanCabdi b kç c M e BaHnI v rN³

sU m ,I R BHGrhnþ

- 240 - Gdækfa GrNviharBaØaNnieTÞs

k¾ m i n man

G n i c © a n u b s Sn a

e cjn U v n i c© s B aØ a

n I v rN³ . Rbs i n eb I s Y r fa

eRBaHeht u GV I

GrNvi h areLI g sEmþ g 3 y: a g

el akeTI bel I ky k

edayGM N acénkarbeg¥ a ne TA

e dI m, I PaB Rb NI té nvi b s Sn a pl ni gsma b tþ i eh I y c g¥ ú l b gð a j fa

y kd U e cñ H

Qansmabtþ i enaH Ég

CaGrNv i h a r

.

eqø I yfa

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eTAkñ ú g Fm’

n i gvi bsSna eRBaHdU e cñ a H

kalelakmi neB al Tu k

k¾ r Emgmi n seRmc

.

edI m ,I j ú a M g GrNv i harEdl mi nse Rmcen aHÉg[

s eRmc . Kb,I R Ca b fa e l a ke B alb T m an Ca G aT× fa bzm CÄan Ca GrNv i h ar . Bi t Nas; Qansmabtþ i T aM g enaH CaGrNvi h ar sU m ,I m i n s e Rm ce da yG M N ac én]eT Þ s k ¾ Ca k arse R mc ) an eR Ba H el akeB alT u keh I y k ñ ú gn i e T Þ s

.

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.

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] eT Þ s

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.

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eQ μ a H f a

s u B a Ø t vi h a r

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.

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k a r ta M gT u k

Qansmabt þ i

T u k ç a n u b s Sn a

e RB aH na M e cjn U v s u x sB aØ a

3 y: agenaH seRmceh I y e RB a H G rNv i h ar e dayGM N a c .

.

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.

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su B aØ a Fi m u t þ t a

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e RB aH na M e cjn U v

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eQμ a Hfa

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eRBaHnaM

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eQ μ a H fa GrNv i h a r

eTAkñ ú g Fm’ E dlmanni m i t þ ci t þ

.

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e RB aH na M e cjn U v karbeg ¥ an

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T I ta M g . ¬ cb; GdækfaGrNviharBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 241 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 242 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa ni e raFsmabtþ i B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

G r i y C am © as ; T aM gB I r BY k e n aH . smfBl³ edI m ,I s ¶ b ; s nþ a nci t þ e daylM d ab; ni g edI m ,I

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gn i e raFs m abt þ i B aØ aNn i e T Þ s

dUc

R b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gn i e ra F

bTfa

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enaHÉgeQμ a Hfa R B H Gn a Kam I s m a Fi

cM ENkv i b s Sn aBl³

ed I m ,I s E mþ g

e Tas k ñ ú gvd þ ³ ni ge dI m, I s E m þ g G an i s gS kñ ú gn i e r aF .

t eT Ae nH H-

Gtß f a

.

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mankamcä n Þ ³ CaedI m .

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n

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m an k a rRBm e RB óg k ñ ú gQa n . m ü : a gv i j eTot s maFi s m , -

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e RB aH Gt ß f a

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KW

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may . ]T§ c © ³ enaH mankarmi n s¶ b ; C alkç N ³ .


- 243 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 244 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa ]T§ c © s hKtki e les c eRBaHki e lsshKt³ e da y]T § c© ³ Genatb,³ Kñ a

) an dl;

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.

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e RB a H

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.

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12

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¬

edayeRcInERbfa


- 245 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa rlt; s BaØ a )andl;

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.

ni g evTna

bTfa .

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eQμ a Hfa

kartak; E tgci t þ

- 246 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

ci t þ s gç a r

ci t þ s gç a ra

eRBaH)alI f a

KW

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1

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k ñ ú gbT fa n v h i smaF i c r i y a h i edaysmaF i cri y a 9 e n H K b ,I RCabesckþ I d U c te T A e n H Caed I m

.

criya

1

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ectsi k Fm’

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s Y r fa edayesckþ I epSgK ñ aénBl cri y a y : agN a ? e qø I y

e TI bC a ci tþ s gç a r .

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el akeT I b e B al Gb ,n a -


- 247 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

s m a Fi

n i g ] b c a rs m a Fi Tu k kñ ú gT I T a M g B I r

k ¾ Kb , I R Cabfa eQ μ a H fa

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- 248 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

.

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7

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. .

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9

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PaByW ty U r KW ka r mi nRbRB w tþ eT A


- 249 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 250 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gGM N ac . b ¤ PaB x¢ i lRcGU s . bTfa

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eh I y .

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n i g v u d æ a nvs I


- 251 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

sU m ,I d U e cñ H k¾ e day

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[ R b RBw tþ e T Ae dayn ½ y dU ceB aleh I y

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eQ μ a H fa Ga v C¢ n vs I .

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k ale bI eBaly : ag e n H C a k ar R t w m RtÚ v nw gm i n xu s

m ü : a ge T ot

l M d a b; énvs I

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k ñ ú gk a rBi c a rN aGg Á é nQan

n w kdl ; b zm CÄ an

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k a re k I t eL I g énRBHB u T § C am © as; T a M g L ay n aM m k

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GFi d æ an kñ ú gka re Rka keL I g

ed ayn½ y dU ceB aleh I y

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k ç N vs I d U c K ñ a .

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- 252 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

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- 253 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

enH

n i e raFsm ab t þ i

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.

- 254 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

n rN a cU l n i e r aF -

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bTfa

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t a M gen Ay : ag Na . ec jy : a gN a . G ñ ke cjm an c i t þ be g¥ an

l M d ab ; . cM ENkkñ ú gP B KW xn§ 4 b zmCÄ an Ca e d I m mi n

e TA k an ; G V I

m an k a re kI t )an eLI y

.

mn u s Ss ø ab ;

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.

n i gmn u s Sc U l ni e ra Fsm a btþ i

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¬ se Rmc ¦

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kñ ú g bBað a kmμ T aM g enaH bTfa ka ci t þ

ni e raFsmabtþ i ni e ra-

e cts i k Fm ’ T a M g Laym i n Rb RB w tþ

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KW

ni eraFtaml M d ab ;

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5 .

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smabC¢nþi

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¬ mi nse Rmc ¦ .

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ktß

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nrNam i n c U l

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RB Hsk T aK am I


- 255 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

t a M gen A

.

b : u e N Ñ aH

.

- 256 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

c M E NkGñ kNa xV l ; x V a ye d ay GM N a cv i b s Sn a G ñ kenaH

se Rmcplsmabt þ i e h I y t aM gen A

.

kñ ú g vi b sSna 3 y: a genaH sgç a rbri K Á N ð N kvi b sSna T n; x© I

b ¤ ca s; kø a k¾ e d ay

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plsmabt þ i v i b s Sn ac as ; kø a d U c K ñ an w g mK Á P avna eT I b KY r .

j ú a M genvsB aØ an asB aØ a y tn³ [ rl t;

c M ENkni e ra Fs ma b tþ i v i b s Sn a

.

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ni g eCI g

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q an ; G a ha r eRs ceh I y

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t a M g kay [ Rt g ; t R m g ; s t i T u k c M e B aH

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eT I b cU l t ti yCÄ an

.l.

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3

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- 257 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 258 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

GT§anbriecäT 1

k i c © n w g G Fi d æ ane pSgeT oteL I y . sm ab tþ i e na H Ég rEm g r kS a

kñ ú gk i c© 4 y : ag en aH b Tf a nana B n § G v i e k ab n M mi n[

v tß ú T a M g e n aHÉg .

rbs ; e R bI R )a s e pS g ²

vt ß ú N a Edlm i n

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rbs ; e R bI e p S g ² E dl ta M gT u k d U cC a ) a Rt c I v r E RK t a M g

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- 259 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 260 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

s gÇ r g; c aM el ak b : u e N Ñ a H d U e cñ H P i k ç ú en aHk¾ ecjB I n i e raF . eRBaHfa eQμ a Hfa GaNa KW GM N acrbs; s gÇF¶ n ; y : a genH . dUecñaH

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e cj ca kn i e r aF m u n .

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Pi k ç ú rE mg ecj ca ksm ab tþ i kñ ú gcen ø a H ) an

e RB a H en A

k ñ ú gn i e ra F k¾ m i n m anesc k þ I s ø ab ; . d U e cñ a HKY rn w kdl ; k al e n a H ehI y eTI b cU l ni e raF . sU m ,I m i n nw k dl; k ald¾ e ss k¾ K Y r . E t KY rn w kdl ; k al e n H E tm ü : a g . el akGFi b , ayT u kd U e cñ H .


- 261 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 262 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

P i k ç ú en aHc U l G a ki B a © B aØ ay tn ³y : ag en Heh I y lu Hec jeh I y

y : ag en H ni g e d ay mi nman Gay u k ç ½ y ka r r g; c a M rbs ; s gÇ n i g

k ¾ eFV I b u B V ki c © en H

k a r R tas ; e h Arkrbs ; R BHsas þ a kñ ú gc en ø a He n a H .

rEmgcU l dl; envsB a Ø a nasBa Ø ay tn ³) an

l u H Q an kn ø gva r³ c i t þ m Y y

b ¤ B I reh I y

k¾ Ca G c i t þ k³

rE mg

B al; R tÚ v ni e r aF ) an . s Y r f a k¾ e RBaHe ht u GV I c i tþ xagel I K W el I s ci tþ B I r d Y g eT I b R bRBw t þ e T Ami n)an

¬ 1 ¦

. e qø I y fa eRBaH

C a bey a Kén ni eraF . B i tNas ; kareFV I s mf³ n i g v i b s Sn a TaM g BI r rbs; P i k ç ú e naH [Cayu K nT§ ³ KW Fm’ E dlCaKU e nH ehI y eL I gk an ; s mabt þ i

8

Caesckþ I x V l ; x V a y

r b s; ni eraFtam

bTfa

bTfa

¬ 1 ¦

n½yfa

KW

ta M ge nA ed ay

EdlcU l dl; RBm eh I y

kñúgxN³EdlcUlnieraFsmabtþi

btþiekIteLIg 2 dg ehIyk¾dl;nieraF .

ki n ñ i n ñ M

ctutßGrUbCÄansma-

citþM

be g¥ a neTAkan ; G V I

)andl ;

ecj

2

ehati

ci tþ r bs ; Gñ k

es ckþ I f a

be g¥ ane TA k an ;

n i B V a n . smdU c RB Hm an RB H PaK R t as; Tu kf a H m ñ a l Ga v u e s av i s ax ³ ci t þ r b s ; P i k ç ú G ñ k e cj c a ksB aØ a evTy i t n i e r a F smabt þ i b e g ¥ a n e T Aka n ; v i e v k eTAkan ; v i e v k

ta M g e n Ay: agN a

G M N a ck M N t; kalénsma btþ i e n aH

vudæitsS

e cj ca keh I y

e RB aH C ab ey a K³é nni e raF . zanM

ecjy : a gN a

smabt þ i r bs ; R B H Grhn þ 1 .

eh t u e n aH c i tþ T aM gL ay eT I b mi nRbRB w t þ e TAx a gel I c i tþ B I r dY g

kfM

vudæanM

y: a genH KW edayGnaKami p lsmabtþ i 1 edayGrhtþ p l-

lM d ab; . mi n EmneRBaHenvsBaØ a nasBaØ a ytnsmabtþ i eRBaH

bTfa

kfM

bTfa G ñ ks ø a b; eh I y

m ts S

c

ga k e T A k a n ; v i e v k s m ab n ñ s S

n i gGñ k cU l ni eraF

c

. eka

v i e s es a

e p SgK ñ ad U cem þ c

eB ales ck þ I e nH Tu keh I y kñ ú g RB H sU Rt P a K Rt as ; T u kf a H

e T ar

el ak

smdU c RB Hm an RB H -


- 263 - Gdækfa nieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs

ka ys g ç a r r b s ;

s m ab tþ i E dls ¶ b ; e h I y E d l RB H G ri y e s B e h I y

e FV I m rNkal eh I y rlt;

e n HeQ μ a H fa n i B V a n kñ ú g T i d æ F m ’ e da y R b k a rd U e cñ H .

m ñ a lGav u e sa Gñksøab;ehIy

- 264 - Gdækfa briniBVanBaØaNnieTÞs

s ¶ b ; . vcI s g ç a r c i t þ s g ç a r r l t ; s ¶ b ; .

¬ cb; GdækfanieraFsmabtþiBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

Gayu G s; e TA . ePø I G Fatu s ¶ b ; e TA . \®nÞ I y _

3

EbkFø a ye T A .

s U m , I k aysg ç a r r b s ; P i k ç ú

Gdæ k fa bri n i B V a nBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

Gñ k cU l sBaØ a evTyi t ni e raF k¾ r lt; s¶ b ; . vcI s gç a r ci t þ s gç a r en Am i n T an ; G s ;

k¾ r lt; s¶ b ; . Gayu

.

ePøIgFatumins¶b;

Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g bri n i B V a nBaØ a Nni e TÞ s dU c teTAenH .

.

bTfa \ F KW k ñ ú gsasn ae nH . b T fa s m , C ae n a Gñ kd w g

\ ®n Þ I y _ m i n E b k F ø a y . kñ ú gBa küs Y r manCaGaT × fa n i e r aF s ma b tþ i k w sg ç t a Gsgçta

n i e raFs m ab t þ i Casg ç t ³

b , ayd U cte TA en H

m i n K Y r eBalfa

b ¤ G sg ç t³ Casgç t ³x ø H

?

x ø Ü n es ckþ I f a Gñ k dw gx ø Ü n e day s m, CB a Ø 4 Ta M g e n H KW H satß k sm,CBaØ esckþ I d w g xø Ü n kñ ú g ki c © E dlCaRbeyaCn_

ma n GF i -

Gsg ç t³ xø H

dl ; x ø Ü n 1 . sb,aysm,CBaØ

el aki y³x ø H elaku t þ r³ xø H . eRBaHehtu GV I ? e RB a H mi nman edaysPav³ . eRBaHPi k ç ú eQμ a Hfa CaGñ k cU l dl; R BmehI y

esckþ I d w g xø Ü n kñ ú g bc© ½ y Edlsb,ay

1 .

edayGM N acénkarcU l ni e raF . dU e cñ a H KY r eBalfa Cani b ö n ñ ³

eKacrsm,CBaØ esckþ I d w g xø Ü n kñ ú g Fm’ E dlCaeKacr 1 .

KW seRmcehI y mi n KY r eBalfa CaGni b ö n ñ ³ KW mi n seRmc .

Gsemμ a hsm,CBaØ esckþ I d w g xø Ü n kñ ú g karmi n vegV g 1 .


- 265 - Gdækfa briniBVanBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

bvt þ M

k ar R bR Bw t þ e T A

KW

- 266 - Gdækfa briniBVanBaØaNnieTÞs

k ar R bR Bw t þ e T Aé n

n i g k a r Rb RB w t þ eT Aén Gn u s ½ y ki els tam

b ri y u d æ an ki e ls

smK Y rk ñ ú g T I T a M g B Y g . bTfa

b c© e v kç NB aØ aN kñ ú gk a r rM l t ; ki e ls . e da ybT m an CaGaT × fa

[ Gs ; e T A

KW

e FV I [ Rb RB w t þ e T A

m i n ) an e da y GM N a cé nvi k ç m Ö n b, ha nk ñ ú g Fm ’ T a M g L ay E dl

bn

RbkarmY y eTo t

sE mþ gdl ; bc© evk ç N B aØ a N

RBHsarI b u t þ etß r

b ri y a T i y t i

Gfva

k ñ ú g ka r r M l t;

x n§ . bTfa

G n u ) a T i e ss ay

n i B V a nFat u y a

ed ayGn u -

e da y

) a Ti essn i B V a nFatu )andl ; e RB a H ni B V an Fat u ma n 2 y : ag

GM N acéntTgÁ b ,hankñ ú g Fm’ T aM g Lay EdlelakeBaleday

KW s])aTi e ssni B V a nFatu 1 / Gnu ) aTi e ssni B V a nFatu 1 .

G M N a cénv i b s Sn a

k ñ ú gn i B V an Fa t u

el akeB ale dayG M N ac é n] bc a r³

.

n i g G b ,n a

.

ed ay GM N ac é nsm u e c ä T b,ha n

kñúg

2

y : a gen aH

])aTi

E dlb u K Á l dl ; e na H

el akse gç b Q ans ma b tþ i ma nTu t i y CÄ an Ca e d I m mh av i b -

e yI g . bT f a ] )a Ti e nH C aeQμ a H r bs; xn § b B a © k ³ .

dl ; G ñ kBi carN ajaNenaH

R b RB w t þ e TA eh I y b ri n i B V a n B aØ a N

.

dUecñaH

eT I bel a keB alT u kf a

eQμ a Hf a vikçmÖn-

b , ri n i B V a n M b ri n i B V a neday ka r R Kbs gá t ; T u k / t T g Á b , ri n i B V a n M b ri n i B V a nedayGg Á é nFm ’ e na H . s m u e c ä T b,r i n i B V a n M b ri n i B V a n edaydac;xat

.

edaybTTaMgenH

elakeTIbeBaldl;

Rbkan ; y : ag xø a M g k ø a f a

e RB aHGt ß fa

Fm’ T aM g LayEdlelakeBaledayGM N acénmKÁ . Bi t Nas;

sSna ni gm K Á T u k e d ay ma ti k aeb yü al . e RB aHj aNE dl

KW

eQμ a Hf a

e yI g

r bs ;

eQ μ a H fa ] ) a T i e ss e RB a HGt ß f a ])aT i e n a HÉ g e n A esssl ; . eQ μ a H fa

s ]) a T i e ss

e RB a HG tß fa

RbRBw tþ e T A Ca

m Y y nw g] ) aT i e ss ³ KW x n§ 5 E dlsl ; . eQμ a Hfa Gnu ) aTi e ss eRBaHGtß f a k ñ ú gn i B V an Fa t u e nH .

mi n man])aTi e ss³


- 268 - Gdækfa smsIsdæBaØaNnieTÞs

- 267 - Gdækfa briniBVanBaØaNnieTÞs

el akeB aldl ; s ])aTi ess³m u n

Gdæ k fa smsI s dæ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

c M E Nkn i B V an F at u

enH CaGnu ) aTi e ss³ . edayGnu ) aTi e ssni B V a nFatu e naH . bTfa

c k ç ú b v tþ M

k a r Rb RB w tþ i e TA én EPñ k

KW

k a r R )a kd

e k I t eLI g pø Ú v E P ñ k . bTfa

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gsms I s d æ B aØ aNn i e TÞ s d U c te T A enH Kb,I R Cabkarse®gÁ a HTaM g Gs; edayBY k 10 manCaGaT× f a

b ri y a T i y t i

)andl ;

rE mg Gs ; e TA

j ú a M j I . kñ ú gb Td ¾ e ssmann½ yen H .

KW

RtÚv

bBa©kçn§a

F m ’ T aM g Gs ; T u k mY y Gaytn³

¬ cb; GdækfabriniBVanBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

x n§ Ta M gLay

Fatu

²

5

.

Ep ñ k

B i t N as ; edayBY k

e la k mi n )ancat ; 8

d ¾ e ssev orB Y k

ed ayG M N acFm’ B Y km Y y

²

.

k ¾ e RB a H

elaku t þ r Fm’ mi n EmnCaFm’ E dlKY r lH edaykarkat; p þ a c; e htu d U e c ñ a He l ak u tþ r F m’

s U m ,I elakse ®gÁ a HcU l

ed ays ½ B Þ f a

sBV F mμ a k¾ m i n Kb,I k an; y kkñ ú g TI e nH eRBaHmanBaküfa smu ecäT

KY rka n; yketPU mi k Fm ’ E dl KY rl H

edaykakat; p þ ac;

eh t u . bTfa s mμ a

smucäinÞti

k al e b I rM l t ’ b ri yu dæ ank i els G M N a cénv i k ç mÖ nb,h an

ka t ; p þ ac; ed ayl ¥ e sc kþ I f a n i gG nu s ½ y k i e ls

tT g Á b , ha n

e d ay

n i g sm u e cä Tb,h an

t a msm K Y r eQ μ a H fa k a t ; p þ ac; e d ayl ¥ . elaksEm þ gk a r


- 269 - Gdækfa smsIsdæBaØaNnieTÞs

- 270 - Gdækfa smsIsdæBaØaNnieTÞs

k a t ; p þ ac; e da y Rb éB ed ayeTsnaCab u KÁ l aF i dæ an y: agenH . nieraeFti

bTfa

[ rl t;

KW

[ rl t ; e d ayGn u b , a-

rlt ; e da ym i n m ane kI t eL I g

T ni eraF

.

bT en H

el ak

eB aldl ; G t ß é nsm u e c ä T . bTfa

n

] b d æ a ti

bTfa

b l i e B aFs I s M

m an k a rhY g E h gC a kgV l ;

es ck þ I f a

e bI rl t ;

G F i b , ay fa

mankarRbkbedayFm’ e naHCaedI m

eRBaHehtu e naH

fa

e k I t eLI g . bTe nH el akeB aldl; Gtß é n ni eraF . el ak

E te da yes ckþ I e pS gKñ a kñ ú gbT fa

sEmþ g dl; k armi n R)akd edayGM N acénFm’ E dlmi n R)akd .

s gS a red ay GM N a cka rRkGW t RkT m .

sm M

k a mc ä n Þ ³ C ae dI ms¶ b ;

esckþ I s ¶ b ; .

Fm ’

37

KW

eQμ a Hf a KW

Fm’

7

s¶b;

e RB aH

m an e n kç m μ ³

b l i e B aFs I s M

.

Bn§nM

k a r cg

bTfa G F i e m a e k ç a KW beg ¥ an ci tþ e CO .

8

mansT§ aC ae dI m rEmgK Y r

.

cgkñúg

bTfa v i e kç e ) a KW esckþ I r aymay .

G r i y m KÁ 4 .

F m ’ C a Rb F an

KW

.

bTfa b r a m a e s a KW es ckþ I Rb ka n ; m aM .

bTfa k i e l es a KW es ckþ I e s Ah μ g .

G M N a cén ka rs e ®g Á aH Fm ’ T a M g Gs ; E dl CasI s ³

eTI b eQμ a H

kñ ú gb Td ¾ e ssk ¾ ma nn ½ y en H Ég

CaedI m TaM g enaH rU b Qan>GrU b Qan 8 / mhavi b sSna 18 /

el akeB al Fm ’ C a RbF a n KW s I s ³ 1 3 Rb k a r e d ay

C ae R K Óg b i T pø Ú v

b ¤ C a R bF an k ñ ú g bl i e B aFT a M g B Y g

y : ag en Heh I y Fm ’ e n aH ² k¾ mi n R )a kd ek I t eL I g eTot KW m i n

bTfa

KW

e TA ni B V an . b Tf a s I s M C a Rb F an KW C a Fm ’ d ¾ é R kEl g . bl i e B a Fe n a HÉ g Ca Rb F an

r E m gm i n R) a kd

.

ma nes ck þ I k g V l ; C a Rb F an

bTfa b KÁ e h a KW esckþ I p Á g KW PaB]sSah _ .

E t kñ ú g TI e n H

bTfa ] b dæ a n M KW cU l e TAtaM gT u k KW ka re F V I dEdl ² .

e RBaH F m’ C a

bTfa G v i e kç e ) a KW Pa Bm i n r aym ay .

RbFan 5 m an tN ð aCa ed I m m i n mandl ; RBHGrhn þ .

bTfa T s S n M ka re XI j KW c ak; F ø ú Htam esck þ I B i t .


- 271 - Gdækfa smsIsdæBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

bvt þ M

k a r Rb RB w t þ e TA

KW

- 272 - Gdækfa smsIsdæBaØaNnieTÞs

k a r R b RBw t þ eT Aed a y

niBVan

e RB aH e r a KNa mY y kþ I

/

e RB aH \ ri y ab fN am Y y k þ I

/

e RB aH C I v i ti ®n Þ i y E dles μ I Kñ a kþ I énGri y s c © 4 T aM g e nH KW H

] ) aT i n ñ k ç n § .

Fm ’ C aRb Fan 5 m an tN ð a C aed I m

bTfa e K ac e r a K W Garmμ N _ .

énFm’ Ca R b Fa n 13 Cas mu Tys c © ³ .

F m ’ m an G tß C a R bF an C a R bm u x k ñ ú gva r³s U m , I T aM g 12

Fm’ C aRbFan 5 mansT§ a CaedI m CamKÁ -

e nH . bTfa v i e ma e k ç a

KW

ni B V a nEdl Cani s SrNv i m u tþ i

sc© ³ / CI v i t i ® nÞ i y

kñ ú g

mankarRbRBw t þ e TACa

v i m u t þ i 5 K W vi kç m Ö n v i m u t þ i 1 / t T gÁ v i m u tþ i 1 / s m u e c ä T v i m u t þ i

RbFan CaTu k ç s c© ³ . vi e makç m anGarmμ N _

1 / bdi b,sT § i v i mu t þ i 1 / n i s SrNv i m u tþ i 1 .

CaRbFan ni gm ans gç a rC a RbF a n C an i eraFsc© ³ .

bTfa s g ç a r s I s M mans gç a r Ca Rb F an KW C a R bF a n é nsg ç arEdl Cas g ç t ³ Ta M gBY g

.

G Fi b, ay f a

rEmgmandl; G ñ k Na

Cak M B U l

Gñ k enaHelakeBalfaCa

e RB aH ma nesc k þ I s ¶ b;

bM p u t edaybTenH elakeBaldl; G nu b ,aTi i e ssbri n i B V a n .

sIsI

b¤ e lakeBaldl; x n§ b ,ri n i B V a n edayRtw m Etmi n mansgç a r .

n i gm an Fm ’ T a M g e n HC a Rb F an .

bTfa enkç m μ ³ CaedI m

sms I s I

e RB aH G tß f a

m an e s c kþ I s ¶ b ;

ni g Fm’ C aRbFanmansT§ a CaedI m

k ar R ta s; dw g

¬ cb; Gdækfa smsIsdæBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

s ¶ b ; n i g Fm ’ Ca RbF anes μ I K ñ a . m ü : a gv i j eTot

d U c) an eBalT u kk ñ ú g kalm u n

m an

b¤ m anesckþ I

n i g G nu b, aT i e ssbri -

sm-


- 273 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

- 274 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa selø x dæ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

G ñ kd éT .

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gsel ø x dæ B a Ø aNn i e TÞ s

dU c te T A

e nH . bTf a r a e K a b u f u raK³ Rkas ; K W raK³dé Te pSg mi n l ayL M e d ayelaku t þ r³ . kñ ú gb Td ¾ e ss k ¾ m a nn ½ y e n H .

KW

e XI j Ku N G ñ k

d éTe daykarv aybJ k es μ I . \sSa

m an l kç N ³eFV I s m , tþ i Gñ k déT[v i n aseT A

KW

mcä r i y manlkç N ³lak; ) aM g sm,tþ i r bs; x ø Ü n KW sm,tþ i

eQ μ a H fa e T as e RB a HGt ß fa RbT U s r: ay .

rbs ; e yI g cU rkM u Ca r bs ; G ñ kdé T .

eQ μ a H fa e m a h eRB aHGtß fa v egV g . RBHsarI b u R teBalGM B I k i e lsEdlCaRbFan 3 TaM g enH K W raK³ manlkç N ³ R ) a fñ a . e T as³ ma n l kç N ³ RbT U s r : ay . e ma h³ ma nl kç N ³veg V g eh I y \LÚ v en H k al nw g sE mþ ge day Rbe PT eT I b e B al bT ma n C a GaT× fa e k a e Fa . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H kñ ú gbT fa e k ae Fa m an l kç N ³ e Rka F

maya

m an l kç N ³ bi T )a M gGM e B I G a R kk ; E dlx ø Ü n e F V I

KW

e F V I C am ay ae d a y e s ckþ I b i T ) aM g . saefyü

manlkç N ³RbkasKu N Edlmi n mankñ ú g xø Ü n

K W P aB C a Gñ k G Y tGa g . fmÖ manlkç N ³eFV I c i t þ [ e): a g KW PaBCaGñ k rw g t¥ w g . s a r m Ö m an l kç N ³ Rb NaM gRbECg .

e nH ela kb M N gy kv tß ú 7 y : a g . ma nl kç N ³cgesck þ I eRkaFT u k

KW

es ckþ I

m a n H manl kç N ³ Rbk a n; xø Ü n . G t i m a n H ma nl kç N ³em I l ga yeK .

e R ka Fe na HÉ g Edlma ns PaB maM T aM . m kç ma nlk ç N ³lu bKu N G ñ k déT

ma nl kç N ³ v aybJ kes μ I

b J s üa .

eQ μ a H fa r a K e RB a H Gt ß f a R ) af ñ a .

] b na h

b l as

K W l u b b M )a t ; K u N

mT manlkç N ³Rsvw g .

bmaT manlkç N ³beNþ a y


- 275 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

- 276 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

c i t þ e T Akñ ú gk a mKu N 5 . RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r

G b u B a Ø a Pi s g ç a r G Pi s g ç a r K W )ab 1 .

lu H sEmþ g sPaBRkas;

edayGM N ac

G a e n B a¢ a Pi s g ç a r GPi s gç a r K W k ar mi njab ; j ½ r 1 .

k i elsT u k m Y y Ep ñ k

²

e d I m ,I nw gsE mþ gdl ; k i els

eQμ a Hfa PaKami e na eRBaHGtß f a stV e TAkan; P Beday

EdleBalTu k ehI y

ni g ki e lsdéTEdlmi n Tan; ) aneBalTu k

G M N a cvi )ak . kmμ Edl C aeh tu [ s tV e T A ka n ; P B eQμ a H fa

eh I y

edayse®gÁ a HcU l CamY y Kñ a TaM g Gs;

eTI b eBalbTmanCaGaT×

k a rh am k mμ Edl mi nT an ; )a nes ay

f a s eB V k i e ls a k i e ls Ta M gB Y g . kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H eQ μ aH f a k i e ls e RB a H Gtß f a jú a M g s tV [es Ah μ g

[e k þ A R kh ay

P v K am i k m μ a . ed aybTen H s U m , I G P i s g ç arm an ehI y k ¾ C a

[l M )a k kñ ú g PB e n H

n i gPB

xagmu x . TaM g Edlse®gÁ a HcU l kñ ú g Gku s lkmμ b f TaM g Edl

.

K ñ ae da yRbk a rd U e cñ H . bTfa T u c © r i t a ni g k m μ Cal i gÁ v i bl ø a s . bTfa n a ne tþ k t þ M sPaB epSg² n i gsPaBEtmY y kñ ú g

m i n ) ans e ®g Á a HcU l . eQ μ aH f a T u c © r i t e RB a H G tß f a Rb RB w tþ

]eTÞ s mati k aenH KW sU m ,I m i n mans½ B Þ f a

G M eBI GaRkk;

cg¥ ú l bgð a jsU m ,I s PaBEtmY y

b¤ R b RBw t þ GaRkk; .

T u c© ri t en aH

man

3

R b k a rKW

kayT u c© ri t

Tu c © r i t 1 menaTu c © r i t 1

.

eQμ a Hfa GPi s gç a r eRBaHGtß f a

t a k ; E tgv i )a k . G P i s gç a re n a H k ¾ m an 3 Rbka rKW b u B a Ø a Pi s g ç a r GPi s gç a r KW b u N ü 1

1

vcI -

en H Ca esc kþ I epSg

é nsP aBep S g²

Éktþ Gñ k R)afñ a nw g

eRBaHkarsmø w g dl; K ñ a nw g Kñ a

n i g s PaB Et mY y

eT I b eFV I ]e TÞ s f a

nan-

etþ k tþ M . ebI s Emþ g sPaBEtmY y kñ ú g kardu s xat; s PaBepSg ² el akk ¾ s Em þ gdl ; j aNkñ ú gk a rdu sxat ; )a ned ay gay . bTfa n a ntþ M KW sPa B e pS g ² e RB aH P aBmi n t aM g ma M n i ge RBa H man PaBja b; j ½ r .


- 277 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

ÉktþM

KW

s Pa BE tm Y y

- 278 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH k a rt aM g ma M

nig

e RB aH G tß f a

c r N e te C a

crNetC³

eQ μ aH f a

R t a c; e T Akan; Ti s Edlm i n Ta n; )ane TA

k a n; ni B V ane d ay c rN e t C ³ e n a H

.

c rN ³ e n a H

bTfa

crN KW

KW G V I

eTA ?

Ku N e te C a

bTfa

bTfa

K u N etC³ K W s maFi etC³ Ed l

e f ak fy

b B a Ø a e te C a

b B aØ ae tC ³

KW

vi b s Sn ae tC ³

F m μ e t e Ca

bu B aØ e tC³ KW Gri y mKÁ k u s letC³

G K u N e tCM

Fm μ e t C³

c rN e te Cn

T u b , B aØ a etCM

)andl ;

KW

G ku s l km μ

l Hb g; ki e ls KW

B u T § v cn e t C ³ E d l Ca

KW

P a B C a Gñ k

j ú a M ge tC ³m i n Em nKu N

e t C³

KW

) an dl ;

P aB Ca G ñ k m an bBa Ø a

etC³ KW emah³ EdlCabd i b kç d l ; v i b -

et Ci t t þ a

)andl ; G ñ km an c i t þ

E dl Cas M L aj ; r bs ; k i e ls Edl km © a t; m KÁ en aH

²

m i n Em n[ bu Nüv i n as eT AE tm ü : a gb : u e N Ñ aH [v i n ase TA p g

e Kalén etC³T a M g 4 . bTfa

e t C³

bTfa G b u B a Ø e t C M e tC ³m i n Em nb u N ü )andl ; etC³

E dlta M g ma M )an edayv i b s Sn a . bTfa

)andl ;

sSnaj aN .

E dlta M g ma M )ane daysmaFi . bu B aØ e teCa

T u s S I l üe tC M

e t C³ KW es ck þ I r aymay EdlCabdi b kç r bs ; s ma F i .

t a M gm aM )an edaysI l .

bTfa

PaBCaGñ k RTú s þ s I l [vi n aseTA

bTfa b ri y a T i y t i KW [Gs ; e T A .

KW

E dlCas Rt Ú v .

bTfa

KW

R T ú s þ s I l . eQ μ a H fa e t e Ca eRB aHdu tsn þ a n e n a H .

s I l . cr N³ en aH Ég eQμ aH fa et C³ e RB aH G tß f a d u tvtß ú

bTfa

rEmgjú a M g etC³

edaycrNetC³ KW s I l e tC³ .

e RB aH m an Pa B m i n j ab ; j ½ r . bTfa

ekø ó vkø a

e RB aH RB H )al I fa

m i n ex μ A m i n s man eh I y

.

e daykarmi n

mi nEmn[etC³ j ú a M gk u s l km μ

m ñ a l P i k ç ú T a M g L ay

km μ E dl Cav i )a krbs ; km μ

km μ

mi n ex μ A


- 279 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

mins

rEmgRbRB w t þ e TAed I m , I k a rGs; eT Aénkm μ

eBaletC³Edlmi n Emnbu N üb: u e NÑ a H

- 280 - Gdækfa seløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs

d U e cñ H

el a k

edayGM N acCabdi b kç

e s a ta bt þ i m KÁ . RBHsarI b u t þ etß r b M N gn w g s Em þ gF m ’ C ae RK Ó g du s xat; e da yF m’ m i n E mn C ae RK Ó g du s xat;

dl ; e t C³Edl C ab u N ü .

E dlCa bd i bkç d l ; F m’ C a

e tC ³

e R K Óg du s x a t; Tu k kñ ú gn i e TÞ s eT I b s Em þ gFm ’ Ca e RK Ógd u s x a t;

EdlCaBaküeBCn_ s Emþ g lT§ i r bs; B Y k ti r tß I y _ e pSg ² . kal

T u km u n Fm ’ m i n EmnCaeRKÓgd u s xat ; . s PaBé nF m’ 37 ma n

el akeB al Gt ß v i k b,T I B I r

e nk ç m μ ³ C aed I m el akeB alT u k f a F m’ C ae R K Óg d u s xat ; e RB aH

bTfa

GFmμetCM

etCmi nE mnFm ’

)andl ;

kñ ú gk a rBN ’ n a] eT Þ s énjaNenH

e t C³ K W Pa BC a Gñ k RT ú s þ s I l eR c I n ma n 1 9 y : a g m an r a K³

d u s x a t; Fm’ C as Rt Ú v

Caed I m

R b eP T m an en kç mμ ³Cae dI men a H eQμ a Hf a se l ø x d æ B a Ø a N .

.

kñ ú g bTenHfa

G b u B a Ø aPi s g ç a r

GPisgçara

n i gGk u s l km μ

P v Ka m i k m μ a

C a e tC ³

)an dl;

mi nE mnb u N ü

e RB aHj ú a M gb u N üe tC³ [

v i n as eT A . s P aBep S g ² 15 m an ka mcä nÞ ³Cae dI m rEm g CaetC³ mi nE mn Ku N

.

sPaBepS g ²

18

ma nn i c © s B aØ a

CaedI m rEmgCaetC³énPaBCaGñ k manbBaØ a efakTab . sPaB e pS g ²

4

E dlT mø ay mK Á 4 r E mg C ae tC ³ m i n Em nb u N ü .

Kb,I s e®gÁ a HetC³mi n EmnFm’ edaysPaBepSg ²

jaN k ñ ú g F m’ C ae R KÓg d u s xat ;

.

G a e n B a¢ a Pi s gç a rC a ku s l km μ Ep ñ kel a ki y ³ eQ μ a Hf a r E m g C a bd i b kç d l ; e tC ³m i n E mn bu N ü

.

EdlTmø a y

¬ cb; GdækfaseløxdæBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

37


- 281 - Gdækfa vIriyarmÖBaØaNnieTÞs

- 282 - Gdækfa vIriyarmÖBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa vI r i y armÖ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

bTfa

Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g vI r i y armÖ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s dU c teTAenH . bTfa

Gnub,nñanM

k ñ ú gG t þ P aBm Y y

E dle nA mi nT an ; e kI t

b¤ k ñ ú gG a r mμ N _ mY y

.

KW

e n Am i n T an ; e k I t

eRBaHeQμ a Hfa Gku -

slEdlmi n ekI t kñ ú g sgSar Edlmi n d w gx a ged I m n i g xag cu g

EdlekI t

bTfa z i t i y a KW ed I m , I k a rt a M g m a M . bTfa

Gsem μ a s ay

ed I m, I m i n [v i n as

KW

ed I m , I

edI m ,I e sckþ I c eRmI n

KW

e dI m, I

es ckþ I m i n s U n ü eT A . Pi e yüaPavay

bTfa e v b u l ø a y KW ed I m , I P aB FM T U l ay .

bTfa G k u s l an M Fm μ a n M K W Fm’ E dlm i n l ¥ . Gnu b ,aTay

KW

[ek I teL I g d ¾ é Rk Elg .

bTfa ) a bka n M KW l am k .

bTfa

EdlekI t eLI g ehI y

eh I y k ñ ú g Gt þ P aB e n H .

bTfa

rEmgmi nman Etk u s lman .

]b,nñ a nM

edI m ,I m i n [ekI t eLI g

KW

edI m ,I

bTfa Pavnay KW ed I m , I e s ckþ I c e R mI n . bTfa ) a ri b U r i y a KW ed I m , I P aBeBjelj .

PaBEdlm i n [e kI teLI g . bTfa ] b ,n ñ a n M K W Edle kI t ehI y k ñ ú g Gt þ Pa B en H .

eBl en H

RBHs ar I b u t þ etß r

e dI m , I s Em þ gdl ; k am c ä n Þ ³

bTfa b h an a y KW ed I m , I R beyaCn _ d l ; ka rl Hb g; .

k ñ ú gG k u s l

bTfa G n u b , n ñ a n M k u s l an M F m μ a n M k u s l Fm ’ Edl

manCaGaT× f a Gnu b ,nñ s S kamcä n Þ s S kamcä n Þ ³ E dle nA mi n

mi n Tan; e kI t

KW

Fm’ E dlmansPaBl¥

Edlmi n Fø a b; e k I t k ñ ú g

G t þ PaB en H . bTfa ] b ,a T a y edI m, I Rb ey aC n_ [ ek I teL I g .

n i genk ç mμ ³k ñ ú g k u s l[Eb ø k K ñ a

eT I beBalbT

T an ; e k I t . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bT fa k a m cä e n Þ a

E dlCab di b kç d l ; s m a Fi .

)andl ;

kamraK ³


- 284 - Gdækfa GtßsnÞsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 283 - Gdækfa vIriyarmÖBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa GtS s nÞ s ßnBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

bTfa enkç m μ M )andl; bzmCÄansmaFi b¤ b zmC Ä a n b ¤ ku s l Fm ’ T a M g Gs ; e n aHÉg Caen k ç m μ ³ .

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y kñ ú gG t ß s n Þ s Snj aNn i e T Þ s d U c t

eBlenH RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r edI m ,I s Emþ g Rbkbeday GM N ac é nk i e ls Ta M gB Y g

n i g G r htþ m KÁ

Edl Cabd i b kç d l ; k i e ls

T a M g B Y g eT I b e B al bT ma n C a GaT× fa G n u b , n ñ a n M s B V k i e l s an M jú aM gk i elsTaM g BY gE dlm i n Ta n; ek I t eL I g . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT m an C aGaT × fa ] b , n ñ s S Grh t þ m KÁ s S

zitiya

ed I m , I k a rt a M g m a M é n Grht þ mKÁ E dl ekI t eLI g

ehI y

Kb,I R CabkarRbkbbTmanCaGaT× f a

G M N a cén zi ti x N ³

n i g P g Á x N³

zi t i y a

ed ay

rbs ; G rh tþ m KÁ Edle kI t

e TA en H

.

b T C aed I m f a

bBa©kçn§a

bTfa

b k a e s ti

rEm g Rb k as

manGtß d U c) aneB al

eh I y . KW

e F V I [ R ) ak d

.

G F i b , ay fa jú a M g k are XI j ed ayj aN ck ç ú [ ce R mI ndl ; Gñ k s þ a b; . bTfa nanaFmμa F m ’ T aM gB Y g

Fm’epSg ² TaMgLay

E dl Ca el ak i y ³

n i gel ak u tþ r ³

elakeBaldl; .

eb I s Y r f a

eLI g ehI y kñ ú g ]b,aTxN³ . sU m ,I k ñ ú g Gdæ k faénvi P gÁ elak

eRBaHehtu G V I e TI b elakeBalFm’ C aelaki y ³b: u e NÑ a H kñ ú g n i e T Þ s

k ¾ eBal fa

karRbRB w t þ eT Aén Grh tþ m KÁ

eQμ a Hf a

énkarRbkas

k a r ta M gm a M

.

K b ,I eX I j mK Á E dl

Et G ac a r üBY kx ø HeB al fa

C a c M E Nkxaged I m é nGrh tþ mKÁ . ¬ cb; GdækfavIriyarmÖBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

ziti

KW

.

eqø I y fa

elakmi n eBaldl; F m’ C aelaku t þ r ³

eRBaHR)arBV k arRbkasedayPaBCarbs;

mi n eTogCaedI m

ni g

eRBaHFm’ C aelaku t þ r ³mi n Tan; c U l dl; karBi c arNa . Etelak eB aldl ; k a r Rb k ase d a y k a r Rb k asb : u e N Ñ a H E dlK Y rRbkasFm ’ T a M g en a H

e day G ak a r

e RB aH ela kse ® gÁ a HF m ’ T a M g e n aH

edaykarsEmþ g Fm’ e pSg ² ni g edaykarsEmþ g [eXI j c,as;


- 285 - Gdækfa GtßsnÞsnBaØaNnieTÞs

- 286 - Gdækfa TsSnvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa Tsßnvi s u T § i B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

n U v Gt ß . bTfa b C h e n þ a eBll H K W [G ñ k s þ ab ; l H . bTfa

s nÞ e s S t i

G ñ ks þ a b; edayRbéB

.

rEm ge XI j c, as ;

KW

sE mþ gdl ;

E t GacarüB Y k xø HeB aled ayn½ y Ca

edI m fa RBHeyaKavcr rEmgeXI j c,as; n U v Gtß é nenkç m μ ³ eRBaH l Hk am c ä n Þ ³ ) aneh I y

.

Kb ,I RCabfa

el akeBaln ½ y e n H

edI m ,I s Emþ g fa eBlGñ k RtgRtab; s þ a b; F m’ T aM g enaHÉg eFV I k ar l Hb g; eT as

ni g )a n cM eBaHeh I y e nA K u N

eTsn aj aN

rEmgdl; l M d ab ; k M B U l .

Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g TsSnvi s u T § i B aØ a Nni e TÞ s dU c teTA e nH . bTf a s eB V F m μ a É k s g Á h i t a F m ’ T aM gB Y g elak se®gÁ a HCaBY k mY y

)andl;

Fm’ E dlCasgç t ³

n i g Gsgç t ³

TaM g Gs; elakse®gÁ a H KW kM N t; e dayBY k mY y . bTfa tfedæ n edayGtß f a Bi t KW edaysPav³Bi t . G F i b ,ay fa manedayG M N a cta ms Pav ³ rbs ; x ø Ü n ² . bTfa

Gntþedæn

ed ayGtß f a

m i n Em nx ø Ü n

KW

ed ay

s Pav ³ev o rc a k tY xø Ü n Edl )andl ; G ñ ke FV I n i gGñ kes ay . bTfa

¬ cb; GdækfaGtßsnÞsSnjaNnieTÞs ¦

3

sc© e dæ n

edayGtß f a

eTog

KW

edaysPav³

Edlmi n xu s GM B I e sckþ I B i t . GFi b ,ayfa edayPaBCasPav³ rbs ; x ø Ü n mi n Ca y: agdé T . bTfa

b d i e v Fe d æ n

e da yG tß f a

cak; F ø ú H edayjaN . kñ ú g bTenH

c a k; Fø ú H

KW

K b, I

Kb,I R Cabkarcak; F ø ú H eday

karmi n vegV g ni g edayGarmμ N _ e dayjaNEdlCaelaku t þ r ³ . bTfa GPi C annedæ n edayGtß f a

EdlKY r dw g éRkElg


- 287 - Gdækfa TsSnvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

- 288 - Gdækfa TsSnvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

KW edaysPav³EdlKY r dw g éRkElgenAFm’ e naH ² e d ay Ga rm μ N _ e da yjaNE dlC ael aki y ³ G a r mμ N _

e d a yk a rm i n v eg V g

e da yjaNE dlC ael aku t þ r ³

.

dU c EdlRBHman

RBHPaKCam© a s; R Tg; R tas; T u k fa

sB V M

m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g Lay

K Y rd w g d¾ éRkElg

b ri C a n n e d æ n

vt ß ú T a M g B Y g

ed ayGt ß f a

k M N t ; dw g

Pikçev

KW

n i g e d ay

GPieBaØyüM .

eBalehI y e na H Ég

K b ,I R Ca b fa

ed ays P av³ Edl

e dI m d U e cñ aH .

tamn½ y Edl

ed ays P aBm i n eT o gC ae dI m

n i g eday

TidæM

e d a yG tß m an s P av ³

bTfa

pu s Sn ed æ n

e da yG tß f a

m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g Lay vtß ú T a M g B Y gK Y rk M N t ; d w g .

E dle FV I [ C a k; c ,as ; e h I y .

edayGtß f a

RTRTg; KW edaysPav³

EdlCaFm’ mankarRTRTg; T u k enAsPav³CaedI m . bTfa F a t e d æ n ed ayGtß fa C aFa tu K W ed ays P av³ E d l C a Fa tu m an ka r mi n ma nCI v ³Caed I m . bTfa

j at e d æ n

edayGtß f a

d w g K W e days P av³

sMeLg

E d l Ga ce XI j )a nC a

KW

edaysPaBEdlKY r eFV I [ Rbc½ k Sc,as; edayGa rmμ N _ .

s PaB EdlKY rB al; Rt Ú v erOy

Fmμ e dæ n

sutM

bTfa s c ä i k i r i y e d æ n e da yG tß f a e FV I [ C ak; c,as;

karecjeTACaedI m dU c EdlRtas; T u k fa sBV M Pi k ç e v bri e BaØ y üM

bTfa

rU b EdleXI j

dUc

E dl)anB ¤ m u t M G a rm μ N _ 3 Edl)and w g v i B a Ø a tM Fm ’ E dl d w geh I y CarU b

ni g elaku t þ r ³

m ans Pa v³ Ga cd w gs U m ,I kñ ú gbT en H

E dlel akeB alT u kfa

bTfa

KY r kM N t; d w g Fm’ T aM g LayEdldw g d¾ é RkElgehI y edaysPav³ edayj aN EdlCaelaki y ³

E dlG a cd w g ed ayj aN E dlC ael a ki y³ n i gel ak u tþ r ³ .

²

B al ; RtÚ v

edayGarm μ N _

KW

e da y

éns Pav ³

bTfa GPi s myedæ n edayGtß f a Rtas; d w g KW eday sPaBEdlKY r Rtas; d w g edayjaN EdlCaelaki y ³ . sU m ,I el akeB aldl ; j aNn i mY y ² fa bB aØ a kñ ú gs Pav³B i t C a j aNk ñ ú g v i v d þ

KW

n i B V a nBi t

.

bBa Ø aEdl KY rd w gd ¾ é RkEl g

CajaNkñ ú g sPav³EdlKY r dw g . bBaØ a EdlKY r eFV I [ Cak; c ,as;


- 289 - Gdækfa TsSnvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

C aj aN kñ ú g sPav³

Edl KY r B al ; R t Ú v

.

- 290 - Gdækfa TsSnvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

m ü : a ge T ot

elak

edaymi n manesckþ I r aymaykñ ú g Garmμ N _ e pSg ² . Kb,I R C a b

eB alT u kk ñ ú g G dæ k fa f a ³ sm U e h e h t u T i d æ i s u

smv aey xeN kael bdi l aeP bhaen c RBHeyaKavcr

bd i e v e F c T i s S t i

rEmgR)akdkñ ú g BY k

xN³

k u s l Ta M gB Y g e d ay Rb k a rd U e cñ H .

.

kal TI R bCM u

eh t u T i d i æ kar)an karlH ni g kñ ú g k a rca k; F ø ú H . kñ ú gk a rBN ’ n aK a fa

e nk ç m μ ³ m ans PaB C acM E Nkd U cK ñ a e d aym anci t þ C aÉkKÁ t a ni g

kñ ú g TI e nH

Kb,I R Cabesckþ I e pSgKñ a énGku s lTaM g Lay

manBüa)aT³CaedIm EdlelaksegçbTukedayebyüal e day G tß tamEdl eB aleh I y . mü : a ge T o t K b, I RCa besckþ I e pSgKñ a

e l a keB alG t ß r bs ; b d i e v Fé n

énFm’ f ñ a k; T ab

manvi t ká v i c ar³CaedI m

edays PaB e R K at R K at

G P i s m y s ½ B Þ . Etkñ ú gT I e n HKb, I R Cabdl ; s Pav³ epSg ²

C a g Fm ’ fñ ak; x< s ; ² . e RB a Hk ar c a k; Fø ú HsP av ³e pS g ² n i g

é nF m’ Ta M gen a Hed ay Gt ß tamE dleB aleh I y

s Pav ³Edld U cK ñ a el akse®gÁ a HcU l Kñ a EtmY y

Gdæ k faenaHÉg

.

e RB aH k ñ ú g

elakeBaldl; k arRtas; d w g Fm’ e dayGM N ac

es ckþ I fa e pS g

²

k a mc ä e n Þ a

n a ntþ M

edaykarcak; F ø ú H sc© ³ k ñ ú gxN³ énm KÁ dU ecñ aHRBHs a r I b u t þ etß r e TI bel I k bT f a b d i e v e F a eL I g eh I y s Em þ g dl ; k a r Rt as ; -

é njaN Edl Ca ela k i y ³ . bTfa

rEmgseRmc

ka m cä n Þ ³ ²

ka mc ä n Þ ³ C asP av ³ ep S g e d a ym an ka r r ay ma y

.

Cas P av³ ep Sg ²

d w gsc © ³ .

e RB aH m an Ga r m μ N _ K b,I RC a bk i e lsTa M g

G s; ed ayRbkardU ec ñ H . bTfa enkç m μ M Éktþ M enkç m μ ³ mancM E NkEtmY y esckþ I f a

bTfa

br i B a Ø a bd i e v F M

r E mg c ak ; Fø ú H T u k ç s c© ³

bdiviCÄti

Cakarcak ; Fø ú He da yk a rkM Nt ; d w g

Rtas ; d w g e d ay b r i B a Ø a P i s my . e nH

.

B i t Nas ;

RBH ey a Kav cr KW

k ñ ú g bT d¾ essk ¾ m an n½ y

kñ ú gk al Rta s; dw gs c© ³ k ñ ú gxN ³m K Á C a


- 291 - Gdækfa TsSnvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

- 292 - Gdækfa TsSnvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

cM E NkCamY y Kñ a énmKÁ B aØ a N rEmgmanki c © 4 y: a gKW bri B aØ a

v cr eFV I [ C ak ; c, as ; n i e ra F E dlC ae R tI yn ay d U e cñ a H . K b ,I

1 b h an 1 s c ä i k i r i y a 1 Pavna 1 y: a g

.

dU c CaTU k eFV I k i c © 4

kñ ú g xN³EtmY y mi nm u n mi n eR k ay KW l He R tI y Ga y 1

RCabesck þ I ] bm a] be my ü ed ay R bk a rd U e cñ H . bTfa

T s Sn M

visuCÄti

kat; R kEsTw k 1 naM T M n i j eTA 1 dl; e RtI y nay 1 y: a gNa .

j aNTs Sn ³

RBHeyaKavcr rEmgRt as ; d w gsc © ³ 4 kñ ú gxN ³E tm Y y m i n

k m © a t; e d aymK Á e na H ² .

m u n m i n e Rkay

KW

Rt as ; d w gT u k ç

Rtas ; d w g sm u T y³ed ay k arl H

e da yk a r kM Nt ; d w g 1

.

K av c re FV I n i e r aF[ Ca Ga r m μ N _ r E mg c ak ; Fø ú H sc © ³ e R tI yGay C a mK Á B aØ aN

4

dU ec ñ aH

. .

KW

rE mgdl ; k a rb r i s u T § e d aykarl Hk i e lsE dl

bTfa T s S n M v i s u T § M Ts Sn br i s u T § e h I y K W jaN-

Rta s; dw gm K Á e d ayk a r

TsSn³dl; k arbri s u T § e hI y edaydl; k arbri s u T § é nk i c © rbs ;

G F i b ,ay Tu k fa

rEmg)a nseRmc

ed ay G M N ac k i c ©

y : a gN a

rE m gb ri s u T §

1

ceRmI n 1 Rtas; d w g ni e raFedaykareFV I [ Cak; c ,as; 1 dU e cñ a H el akGFi b , ay Tu ky : ag Na

TsSn

.

.

RB Hey a rEmgeXI j

dU cC a TU kl H

m KÁ j aNenaH ² k ñ ú gxN ³e kI tplenaH ² . el akeB al

mKÁ plB aØ aN kñ ú g T I b M p u t

ed ays eRmc

m KÁ p lB a Ø a Né nbB a Ø a c a k ; F ø ú H sP av ³e pS g n i gsPav³CamY y Kñ a Edlelakse®gÁ a HFm’ T aM g BY g CacM E NkEtmY y .

RB Hey a Kav c rk M N t; dw gT u kç E dl

TU k kat ; RkEsTw k y: a gNa

.

RBH-

eyaKavcrlHsmu T y dU e cñ a H . T U kn aM TM ni j e TA y : ag Na . RBHeyaKavcrceRmI nmK Á e RB a H Cab c© ½ y ma n k a re kI t r Y m Kñ a C a e dI m d U e cñ aH . T U k dl ; e Rt I y n ay y: a gN a . RBH ey a Ka -

¬ cb; GdækfaTsSnvisuT§ijaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 293 - Gdækfa xnþiBaØaNbrieyaKahNBaØaNnieTÞs

- 294 - Gdækfa xnþiBaØaNbrieyaKahNBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa xnþ i B aØ a Nbri e yaKahNBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

r U be na H ² rE mg t aM ge nA .

Kb , I b þ Ú rl i gÁ eh I y Rbk be da y

b T C ae dI m fa e v T n a s B a Ø a s g ç a r a G n i c © e t a v i T i t a evT na Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y

kñ ú g xnþ i B aØ a Nbri e yaKahNBaØ a N-

n i e TÞ s dU cteT Ae nH . b T fa r U b M G n i c © e ta v i T i t M r U b R ) ak d e d a yP aB Ca r bs ; m i n eT og

KW

R) a kd ed ayGn i c © an u b sS na -

sB aØ a s gç a r R)akdeh I y e day PaBCa rbs ; mi neT og . bTfa pu s t i rE m gBal ; R t Ú v K W rEmgBal ; R tÚ v rE m g pS aye TA ed ay karB al ; R t Ú v vi bsS naj aN . bTfa

j aNf a Ca r bs ; m i n eT og . bTfa rU b M T u k ç e t a v i T i t M r U b R)a kd ed ay PaBC a Tu k ç K W

b r i e y a Kh t i

r E m gsÞ g ;

KW

c U l e TAeday

v i b s Sn aja N . ) a z³ f a b ri e ya K a h ti xø H .

R)akde dayTu kç a nu bsS naj aN fa C aT u k ç . bTfa

rUbM

Gntþeta

viTitM

rU b R ) ak d e d ay P aB C a

3

G n tþ a KW R)akdedayGntþ a nu b sSnajaNfa CaGntþ a . bTfa

yM

yM

viTitM

tM

tM

xmti

rU bNa

²

Edl

R ) a kd rU b e na H ² rEm g ta M gen A KW rU b Na ² E dl R) a kd e d a yP aB Ca r bs ; m i n eT ogCaed I m . rU b e na H ² rEm gta M ge nA KW

eBjci t þ ed ayPaB Carbs; mi n eT o gC ae dI m

T u kC a cM ENk

²

.

e hI y s res rT u kk ñ ú g Km< I r xø H fa

e d a yP aB Ca r bs ; m i n eT og

.

r U b Na

²

¬ cb; GdækfaxnþiBaØaNbrieyaKahNBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

elakeF V I r U b R ) a kd

R) a kde hI y

.


- 295 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

- 296 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa beTsvi h arBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

e ) ak ç rN I k ñ ú g p ø Ú v EbkCa

4

da M s Y n p á a eQI

s Y n E p ø e QI

sg ;

s < a nk ñ ú g TI l M ) a ke RBaH T w k B R gab dI Edl mi n esμ I [ esμ I ev Tn a K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y kñ ú gb eTsv i h ar B aØ aNn i e T Þ s dU c t eTAenH

.

RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r

kalnw g sEmþ g dl; G akarE dlK Y r

EdlCaku s l rEmgekI t dl; B Y k bu K Á l mi c ä a Ti d æ i T aM g enaH eday RbkardU ecñ H

.

b u : E n þ e RB aH G aRs ½ y mi cä a Ti dæ i

Bi c arNajaNcM E Nkxø H EdlelI k eLI g Tu k kñ ú g mati k a eTI b

sm ø ab ;

sE mþ gbTCaed I m fa m i c ä a T i d æ i b c© y a b i evTyi t M eRBaHmi c ä a Ti d æ i

bY g sY g eTvta

Cabc© ½ y eTI b manGku s levTna .

mi c ä a Ti d æ i T aM g enaH edayRb kardU ecñ H

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa m i c ä a T i d æ i b c© y a eRB aHmi c ä aT i d æ i C a bc © ½ y kusl

e s c kþ I fa Gku s l xø H

Ca]bn i s S½ y

r E m g KY r

.

kñ ú gev Tn aT aM gen a H

sm,y u tþ ed aymi c ä a Ti d æ i C a Gk u s l

b: u e NÑ aH

.

.

evTnaCaGku s l

smø a b; s tV

rEmgekI t dl; B Y k bu K Á l .

c M ENkevT naCav i )a k

rE mg ma ndl ; s t V e TAk ñ ú gPB déT . m ü : a ge T ot m i cä aT i d æ i e n aH r E mg C ab c © ½ ydl ; e vT naEdl

j ú aM gT i d æ i [

e k I t r Y m Kñ a e d ay GM N acshCa tb , c© ½ y GB aØ mBa Ø b, c© ½ y ni -

ev Tn aE dl

sSyb,c© ½ y sm,yu t þ b ,c© ½ y Gtß i b ,c© ½ y ni g Gvi K tb,c© ½ y . micäaTidiæ

EtevT naCa

k u s l xø H

G k u s lx ø H

rE mgek I t eL I g eRB aH G a Rs½ yT i d æ i

B i t N as ;

B Y kb u K Á l mi c ä a Ti d æ i [)ayyaKU ni g Ptþ C aedI m kñ ú g

.

éf¶ é nbkç eRBaHGa Rs ½ y Ti dæ i rE mgbd i btþ i c M e B aHmn u s Sx V ak; n i g m nu s Sm ane r aK Xø g ; C ae dI m

ni g X M u Xa M gCa ed I m nU v BY k bu K Á l smμ a Ti d æ i

ev Tn aCa

evT nasm ,y u tþ ed ayTi dæ i x ø H ev Tn aCav i ) a k xø He kI t eL I g

r E m ge C rRb e T c

rEm gs ags al aq T an

C I kR sH

evTna

rl t ; m Y y rM e B cen aH

rE mgC a bc© ½ y dl ;

Edlsm,yu t þ e daymi c ä a Ti d æ i k ñ ú g bc© ú b ,nñ

Gnn þ rb ,c© ½ y

s mn nþ rb,c© ½ y

edayGM N ac

] bn i s Sy b ,c© ½ y

Ga e s v -

n b, c © ½ y nt ß i b , c© ½ y n i gvi Ktb,c© ½ y . mi c ä a Ti i d i æ rEmgCabc© ½ y dl; e vTna shKtedayelaP³


- 297 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

rbs; b u K Á l eRtkGreFV I m i c ä a Ti d i æ [ F¶ n ;

- 298 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

edayGM N acG a rm μ N a -

F i bti b, c© ½ y ni g Ga rm μ N U b ni s Syb,c © ½ y .

s U m ,I kñ ú gbT en Hf a s m μ a T i d æ i b , c © y a b i e v Ty i t M eRB a H sm μ aT i d æ i C ab c © ½ y k¾ rEmgmank u s l ev Tn a ma n GFi b , ay dU c

m i c ä a T i d æ i r E m g Ca b c© ½ y dl; evTnaCaku s l n i gGB üa -

t e T Ae n H

e v T n asm , yu tþ ed aysmμ aT i d æ i xø H

kt³ rbs;buKÁlGñkeFVImic©aTidæi[RtwmEtCaGarmμN_ eday

G k u s lx ø H

G k u s lTa M g BY g

] bn i s S ½ y

Gñ kB i c a rN aeX I j c, as; d l ; m i cä aT i d æ i e d ay

evTnaCaGkus lTaM gBY g edayGM NacGarmμ N b,c©½ y b:ue NÑa H . micäaTidæi

rE mg C ab c © ½ y dl; evTnaCaku s l

n i g G ku -

e v T n a Ca vi ) ak xø He k I t eL I g rE m gK Y r

.

ev Tn aC aku s l eF V I s m μ aT i d æ i [ C a

k ñ ú gev Tn aT a M g enaH evTnasm ,yu tþ

e da ysm μ a T i d æ i C a ku s lb : u e N Ñ aH . m ü : a ge T ot

B Y ksm μ a T i d æ i

Ga Rs½ ysm μ aT i d æ i

e FV I bu N ü

sl Edle kI t eLI ged ay mi c ä a Ti d æ i C ab c © ½ y n i g dl; evTnaCa

manCaGaT× y : a genH KW cat; E cgRbTI b ni g pá a eQI b U C aRB HBu T §

v i ) a kk ñ ú g PBdéT eday GM N a c]b ni s Sy b, c © ½ y .

s þ a b; mh aF m ’

bTfa

m i c ä a T i d æ i v U b s mb , c © y a

m i cä aT i d æ i C ab c © ½ y s ¶ b ; é n m i c ä aT i d æ i T u kf a

es ckþ I f a s m μ a T i d æ i e RB a HdU e c ñ a H

.

eQμ a Hf a

Ca es ck þ I

Kb , I R C ab bTE dlel akeB al

eR Ba Hs mμ aT i d æ i C ab c © ½ y

m i c ä a T i d æ i v U b s mb , c © y a

e RB aH es ck þ I s ¶ b; én

rEm gma n ku s l evTnafa

c M E NkGacarüB Y kx ø H eBalfa

eQμ a Hfa esckþ I s ¶ b ; é nmi c ä a Ti d æ i rEmgmankñ ú g xN³énvi b sSna ni g kñ ú g xN³énesatabtþ i m KÁ .

s ag RB He ct i y k ñ ú g T i s

edayRbkardU e cñ H T a M g e n aH

.

ku s levTna

E dlmi n Tan; ) ansag

rEmgekI t dl ; s m μ a Ti dæ i é nC n

s mμ aT i d æ i Cn Ta M gen aH

Ga Rs½ ysm μ aT i d æ i

k¾ ti H -

e d olBY km i c ä aT i d æ i . el I k xø Ü n É g s gá t ; Gñ kd éT ed ayRbkar d U e c ñ H . Gk u s l evTnarE mg ekI t dl; s mμ a Ti d æ i C nTaM g enaH . cM E Nkvi ) akevTna rEmgm a ndl ; G ñ ke TA k an ; P Bdé T . m ü : a ge T ot

s mμ aT i d æ i e n a H

rE mg C ab c © ½ ydl ; m i cä aT i d æ i

E dlCab c © ú b ,n ñ evT naEdl rl t; e TA C i t k ñ ú gT I bM p u t E d le k I t


- 299 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

- 300 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

r Y m Kñ ae da yG M N a cb c © ½ y dU ceB alm ke hI ye na H Ég . elaki y smμ a Ti d æ i edaykarBi c arNa

ysmμ a Ti d æ i

rEmgCabc© ½ y dl; e vTnaEdlsm,yu t þ

sm,yu t þ e dayvi b sSna

e da yes ck þ I R)a fñ a

n i g s m, yu t þ

ed ayG M N acGa rm μ N b , c© ½ y . e l a ki -

rEmgCabc© ½ y dl; m i c ä a Ti d æ i e day]bni s Syb,c© ½ y

e da yn ½ y Edl eBal eh I y e na H Ég pl

c© y a

.

smμ a Ti dæ i E dlCa m KÁ -

rEmgCabc© ½ y dl; e vTnaEdlsm,yu t þ e daykarBi c arNa

eRBaHmi c ä a sgá b ,³Cab c© ½ y

s gá b, ³C ab c © ½ y

e RB a Hes ckþ I s ¶ b; én mi cä a -

k¾ ma nn ½ y e n HdU c K ñ a

.

Bi t Nas ;

eB al fa v U s mb c © y a e RB a Hesck þ I s ¶ b; C ab c © ½ yén Fm ’ N a ² el akb M N gykevT nae naH

²

eRBaHmanFm ’ Ca bd i b kç é nF m ’

e na H ² C ab c © ½ y . m ü : a ge T ot K b, I RCabesckþ I kñ ú gm i cä aj aNCa ed I m d U c t e T Ae n H

k a r Ki te dI m, I rk ])a y kñ ú gk a reF V I )a b

edayGM N acénGarmμ N aF i bti b , c © ½ y n i gG a r mμ N U bn i s S y -

mi c ä a jaN

.

b , c© ½ y .

Bi c arNaxu s

bTfa

sm μ a T i d æ i v U b s mb , c © y a b i

es ckþ I s ¶ b ; é nsm μ a Ti dæ i C a bc © ½ y

e v Ty i t M

el ak

mü: a gvi j eTot .

mi c ä a jaN

jaNEdlCaku s l

KW

eQμ a Hf a jaNkñ ú g kar

ni g GBüaRki t d¾ e ss

e RB a H

evorvi b sSnasmμ a Ti d æ i ni g elaku t þ r smμ a Ti d æ i eQ μ a H fa s m μ a -

k ¾ rE mgm an G ku s levTna

j aN . k a r rY c p u t cak)ab eQμ a Hf a mi c ä a vi m u t þ i . mü: a geTot

esckþ I f a mi c ä a Ti d æ i eQμ a Hfa esckþ I s ¶ b ; é nsmμ a T i d æ i . e RBa H

karpu t Edlmi n Bi t

dUecñaH

smÁ a l; f arY c pu t . karbeg¥ a neTAkñ ú g klüaNFm’ ni g plvi m u t þ i

Kb , I R C ab bTE dlel akeB al fa

bc© ½ y k¾ r EmgmanGku s levTnaenaHÉg mb,c© y a

eRBaHmi c ä a Ti d æ i C a fa smμ a Ti d æ i v U b s-

eRBaHesckþ I s ¶ b ; é nsmμ a Ti d æ i C ab c© ½ y

b T m an C aGa T × f a

m i c ä a s g á b , b,c© y a

.

sU m , I k ñ ú g

mi c ä a sgá b ,vU b smb,-

karrY c pu t Edlmi n naM e cjeTA

eQμ a Hfa smμ a vi m u t þ i . smμ a Ti d æ i C aedI m

Gñ k mi n rY c pu t

manGtß d U c )aneBal

ehI y kñ ú g xageRkay . c M ENkkñ ú gb Tm an C aGa T × f a

q n Þ b c© y a b i

e RB aH qnÞ ³


- 301 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

Kb,IRCabdUcteTAenH

Cabc©½y

esckþIelaP

- 302 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

eQμaHfa

s ¶ b ; q nÞ ³ v i t k á ³ n i gsB aØ a Ca bc © ½ y e TI bman evTn a . ev Tn a

q n Þ ³ . K b , I R C ab f a e vTn asm, yu t þ e d ayci t þ E dlshKt

e na H

edayelaP³ 8 eRBaHmanqnÞ ³ Cabc© ½ y . evTnakñ ú g bzmCÄan

Rbsi n ebI qnÞ ³ s¶ b ; vi t ká ³ ni g sBa Ø am i n s ¶ b; .

eQμ a Hfa CÄan

manesckþ I s ¶ b ; é nqnÞ ³ Cabc© ½ y

eQ μ a Hfa

eQ μ a Hfa

manv i t k á ³ C ab c© ½ y

.

.

e v T n a kñ ú gT u t i y CÄ an

manesckþ I s ¶ b; énv i t k á ³ Ca bc© ½ y

sBaØ a smabtþ i 6 d¾ e ss evorbzmCÄan .

C a bc © ½ y

e vTn a kñ ú gb z m -

.

evT na k ñ ú g

eQμ a Hfa mansBaØ a

evTn ak ñ ú genvsBa Ø an asB aØ ay tn ³

eQμ a Hf a

C aevT nas m, yu t þ ed ayci tþ

bTfa vitká³

e na H

m i n s ¶ b; .

C a bc © ½ y

dU e cñ a H

tb,c© y a

eTI b eQμ a Hfa

manFm’ e naHCabc© ½ y

tb,c© y a

.

eRBaH

eRBaHqnÞ ³ vi t ká ³ n i gsB aØ a

e na H Ca Fm ’ m i n s ¶ b; C ab c © ½ y . GF i b, ay f a e RB aH esc k þ I m i n

tb,c© y a

eRBaHvi t ká ³

t b , c© y a

KW

tb,c©eya

.

ni g sBaØ a e n a H

es ckþ I s ¶ b ; é n qn Þ ³

ma nsB aØ am i n s ¶ b ; C a bc © ½ y

e RB aH dU ecñ aH

eQμ a Hfa

eQμ a Hfa

eQ μ aH f a

man

Rbsi n ebI qnÞ ³ ni g vi t ká ³ CaFm’ s ¶ b ; sBaØ a C a F m ’ m i n s ¶ b ; .

C a Fm ’ mi ns ¶ b ; ma nes ck þ I f a q n Þ ³ v i tk á ³ n i g sB a Ø a C a F m’

Cabc© ½ y

es ckþ I s ¶ b ; é n qn Þ ³ e naH

CaFm’ m i n s¶ b ; C abc© ½ y . evTnaenaH CaveTnakñ ú g bzmCÄan .

bTfa

bTfa tb,c© y a KW karmi n s¶ b ; é nqnÞ ³ vi t ká ³ ni g sBaØ a

KW

sB aØ aE dlm i n s ¶ b ; Ca bc © ½ y

eRBaHdU e cñ a H

manesckþ I s ¶ b ; é nsBa Ø a Ca bc © ½ y . k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a q e n Þ a c G v U b s e n þ a e h a t i q nÞ ³

t b, c © y a

shKtedayelaP³ 8 .

.

eQ μ a H fa

eQμ a Hf a

tb,c©ya

evT na en a H

n i gvi t ká ³

t b , c© e y a

.

e RB a HsB a Ø a Ca Fm ’ mi ns ¶ b ;

C aevT na k ñ ú gT u ti y CÄ an

.

e b I fa

q n Þ ³ v i t k á ³ n i gsBaØ aC a Fm ’ s ¶ b ; . bTfa C a bc © ½ y

tb,c©ya

eQ μ a H fa

KW

qnÞ³

t b , c © e ya

v i tk á ³ .

sBa Ø a

e RBa Hd U e c ñ a H

tb,c© y a eRBaHqnÞ ³ vi t ká ³ ni g sBaØ a enaH

C a Fm ’ s ¶ b ; eQμ a Hf a

CaFm’ s ¶ b ; C abc© ½ y


- 303 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

- 304 - Gdækfa beTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs

evTnaenaH CaevTnakñ ú g envsBaØ a nasBaØ a ytn³ . EtGacarü

EdlCaehtu é nGri y plenaH

B Y k xø HBN ’ n aT u ky : a ge n H f a

B ü ay a me n a H .

cM E NkxagedI m d U e cñ H Gb,na

eQμ a Hf a

{

edayKi t fa qnÞ³

CaesckþIs¶b;

e s ckþ I e Bjci t þ k ñ ú g Fm’

Ca

eyI g nw g s eR m c[ dl; G b,na

bTfa

tb,c©yabi

edayGM N acénkarR)arB§ e sckþ I

evTyitM

esc k þ I e Bj ci t þ r bs; G ñ k )anseRmc

Grht þ Ca bc © ½ y

.

k a n; ykela k u tþ rev Tn aE dle kI teh I y

vitká³

rEmgmankñúgbzmCÄan

KW

r E m gm an ku s lev Tn a

e RB a H z an³ én RB H

e day bTe nH ek I tR Bm

el a k

C am Y y mK Á

v i t k á ³ rb s ; G ñ k)anseRmcT u ti yCÄ an k ¾ s ¶ b ; . sB aØ a rEmg

4

m an k ñ ú gsm a bt þ i

b di b tþ i . b Tf a t s μ i m , I z a e n G n u b , e t þ k al e b I e n Am i n Ta n ;

sBaØ a ytn³

7

.

sBaØ a rbs; G ñ k cU l dl; e nvsBaØ a na-

ni g cU l dl ; n i e r aF

k¾ s ¶ b ; e TAE dr

}

dUecñH

.

.

E t Ga c a rüB Y kx ø H BN ’ n aT u k af a

bT f a

GayvM

Gb,tþsS

btþiya

E d l en Am i n Ta n; )anseRmc

KW

edIm,IseRmcGrhtþpl

ed I m, I Rt Ú v karseRmcn U v Gr -

h tþ pl . bTfa G t ß i Gayv M ) andl; esckþ I B ü ay am m aneh I y ) a z³ f a Gayav M xø H . bTfa

tsμim,i

seRmczan³enaH

KW

zaen

G n u b ,et þ

eb I e nAm i n Ta n; ) an

kalebI e nAmi n Tan; ) anseRmcGri y mKÁ

kar

)anse Rmczan³s U m ,I en aH KW )a n se R mc P U m i e na H d U e cñ H .

E t kñ ú gT I e n H n i e r aFs ma b tþ i rE mg mi n Rb kb . bTfa

KW

¬ cb; GdækfabeTsviharBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 305 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

- 306 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

Gdæ k fa vi v dþ B aØ a Nqk; n i e TÞ s

bTfa

e nk ç e m μ k t þ M

ectyeta

k al e bI RB Hey a Ka -

v cr Ki t dl; e nk ç m μ ³ C aFm ’ E t mY yd U c K ñ a K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g Gd æ kf av i v d þ B aØ aN qk á n i eT Þ s dU c t e T Ae n H

.

b T fa

R b RB w t þ e TA ed ay k areX I j e Taskñ ú gk am c ä n Þ ³ . bTfa

C a G Fi btI K W bB a Ø a Edl Rb RB w t þ e T Ad ¾ é R kElg k ñ ú g e n kç mμ ³ e F V I

cakkamcä n Þ ³

e nk ç m μ ³ [ Rb esI reLI g .

CaeTas EdlkareXI j kñ ú g xN³énenkç m μ ³ . kñ ú g b T d ¾ e ss

kamcänÞeta

sB a Ø a y

bBaØa

j ú a M genk ç mμ ³ [

bB a Ø a m ane n k ç m μ ³

bTfa

e n k ç m μ a F i b tt þ a

KW

vivdþti

c a k ka mc ä n Þ ³e daybB aØ a C ae RK Óg Rt as ; d w g

rEm ge K ce cj

KW

rEmgeKcecj

vi l RtLb; c akkamcä n Þ ³ EdlCaehtu CakarN³

énsBaØ a sm,-

yu t þ e daybBaØ a

eFV I e nkç m μ ³ [CaFM é RkElg

.

GFi b, ay f a

KW

k am c ä n Þ ³ mi nm ans PaB Et mY y dU c Kñ a

e RB a Hm i n ma nk a r

R b RB w t þ s ¶ b ; . bTfa

m an s P aB E tm Y y e RBa H ma nes ckþ I s ¶ b ; .

vivdþti

ci tþ rEmgeKcecj

ci t þ r EmgeKcecjcakkamcä n Þ ³

edaysPaB

bTfa kamcä n Þ M bChenþ a RBHeyaKavcrlHbg; kamcä n Þ ³ KW

lHbg; k amcä n Þ ³ kñ ú g xN³bdi b tþ i e nkç m μ ³ eday

v i kç m Ö n b, -

h an³ . bTfa

e n k ç m μ v esn

citþM

G F i d æ a ti

rEmgGFi d æ a nci t þ e dayGM N acénenkç m μ ³

RBH ey a Kav cr

)andl;

kartaM g ci t þ

sm,y u tþ ed ayen kç mμ ³ en aH ed ay G M N a cén en kç mμ ³ Edl)an ehI y

e nk ç m μ M É k t þ M e n kç m μ ³ CaFm ’ E tm Y y K W e nk ç m μ ³

KW

ci t þ M

k ¾ ma nn ½ y en H .

E b rx ñ g [ka m cä nÞ ³ k ñ ú g bT d¾ ess k¾ ma nn ½ y e n H . bTfa k a mc ä e n Þ a n a nt þ M ka m cä nÞ ³ ma nes ck I þ e pS g ²

kamcänÞeta

KW

eFV I [ taM g enAy: a gRbesI r

.

GFi b ,ayf a

[

R b RB w t þ e TA . kñ ú gbTd ¾ e ss k ¾ m a nn ½ y e n H . bTfa

ckçú

suBaØM

Ge tþ n

va

c k ç ú s U nü cakxø Ü n

KW


- 307 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

c k ç ú s U nüT eT c aktx ø Ü n

e RB a Hm i n ma nx ø Ü n

eB al KW

- 308 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

G ñ ke F V I

G ñ kes ay E dlb u KÁ l B alkM N t; Tu k . e RB a Hc k ç ú eQ μ aH f a s U n ü ed ayckç ú m i n ma nx ø Ü n .

m an xø Ü n

.

e RB aHm i n mans U m , I r bs ; x ø Ü n

el akeB alkarm i n ma nx ø Ü n

ed aymi n

n i g k a rm i n ma nv tß ú

E dlCab ; n w g x ø Ü n e dI m, I bd i e s Fka r R bk an ; T a M g BI ry : ag e RB aH

C a Fm μ ta

G vi b r i N amFem μ n

KW

eQμ aHf a

e RB aH m i n man nrNa

v tß ú E dlCab ; n w gx ø Ü n .

R b Ü l Ca Fm μ t a .

e RBa H mi nman nrN a

²

E dln w g kn ø g k a r

E bk F ø a y eh I y ta M genA)an . bTfa Fu e vn va cakkaryW n yU r KW eQμ a Hfa cakk a r

²

va

c a k ka r mi nERbRb Ü l

s U n ü c a k ka r mi nERbRb Ü l CaFm μ t a CaRbRkt I

m i n E RbRbÜ l ed ay ehtu

bTfa )and w g

c a kes ckþ I e T ogT a t;

yfaPUtM

C an e t a

)a neXI j t am esc k þ I B i t

ni gcakesckþ I mi n ER b

bsSeta KW

RBH ey a Kav cr

d w g t a msP av³e da y

Gntþ a nu b sSnajaNy: a genH ni g eXI j dU c eXI j edayEPñ k . bTfa

c k ç a Pi n i e v s e ta

y W n yU r e RB a H mi nmann rN a ² E d l nw g ta M gm a M ) an s U m , I k ñ ú g

e K ce cjc ak k a r Rb kan ; kñ ú gc k ç ú

xN ³Edl RbRB w tþ eT A .

k a r Rb k an ; E dl eX I j eh I y

bTfa ss Se tn v a c a ks PaBe T og Ta t; KW eQμ a Hfa

Edlnwg

mü: a geTot manGFi b ,ayfa sU n ücakesckþ I e Tog c a k es ckþ I y W n y U r

c a ks PaBe T og

²

B I r Rbkar KW C a r a karcas ; n i g P g Á k a rEb k Fø ay eTA .

m an k a rR bk a n; ed ayGakarTa M gB I r rbs; s t V elakfa x ø Ü n n i g

bTfa n i e c© n v a c aks PaB eT og K W eQ μ a Hf a s U n ü

eRBaHminmannrNa

t a M g e n A Gs ; k al rh U t ) an . bTfa

bTfa G t þ n i e y n v a c a kv tß ú E dl Ca b; nw gxø Ü n KW s U n ü c a k rbs ; Ca r bs ; x ø Ü n

sUnücaksPaBeTogTat;

j aNM KW

vivdþti

j aN

rEm g

j aN rE mg e K ce cj ca k

E d l Rb RB w t þ e T A fa

ckç ú C a t Y x ø Ü n

b ¤ Cav t ß ú Edl Cab; nw gt Y xø Ü n . k ñ ú g bT d¾ ess k¾ ma nn ½ y e n H .


- 309 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

bTfa

e nk ç e m μ n

k am cä n Þ M

e v as S C¢ t i

- 310 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

RB Hey a Kavc r

\ LÚ v en H

RB Hsa r I b u tþ e tß r

l Hb g; k amc ä nÞ ³ed ay en kç m μ ³ K W b u KÁ l Gñ k )anenkç m μ ³ r E mg

6

lHbg; k amcä n Þ ³ EdlCabdi b kç d l; e nkç m μ ³ enaH edayenkç m μ ³ .

eTI b taM g mati k amanCaGaT× f a sBaØ a vi v edþ a ehI y kalnw g Eck

bTfa

e v as Se K Á

bBa Ø a

bB a Ø a s m,y u tþ ed ayen kç m μ ³ e naH

bB aØ a kñ ú g karrlas ; e cj

KW

k ñ ú gen kç m μ ³ Edl mans PaB

edayepSgKñ aén Ga k a r

kaln w gsEm þ gvi v d þ B aØ aN

e d ay GM N a cki c© kñ ú gxN³é nm K Á

m a ti k ae n a He d a yG tß e TI beB alb T ma nC aGa T× f a sB a ¢ a n enþ a vi v dþ t i RBHeyaKavcr kaldw g RBm rEmgeKcecjeTA .

rlas ; e cjé nkam c ä n Þ ³ .

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H b Tfa s B a ¢ a nen þ a v i v d þ t I t i s B a Ø a -

bTfa b I L nd æ a k a reb o te b on C ae dI m m an G tß d U c) an eB aleh I y k ñ ú gx a geRk ay .

vivedþa

RBH ey a Kav cr

kal dw g RBm

rEm ge K ce cj

e RB aH

eh t u e n aH e TI bC asBaØ av i v d þ ³ es ck þ I f a eRBaHRB HeyaKav cr

bTfa b ri C a n e n þ a v i v d þ t i k al e b I k M N t ; d w g r E mg e K c

k al dw gRBmenkç m μ ³ Cae dI m

k ñ ú gc M ENkxage dI med ayP aB C a

e cj Ca eTsn ab u KÁ l aF i d æ an elakeBal fa b u K Á l G ñ kR Bm -

GFi b tI cM E NkxageRkay rEmgeKcecjcakkamcä n Þ ³ CaedI m

e RB ó ged ay mK Á k M N t; dw g Gtß 4 y : ag én Tu k ç e day G M N a c

e da yjaNs m,y u t þ C am Y y e nkç mμ ³

é nk i c©

e TI beQ μ a Hf a s B a Ø a v i v d þ ³ .

rE mg e Kc ecj

e da yk a re cj ca kT u k ç

.

bu K Á l Gñ k

RBmeRBógedayjaN rEmgeKcecj sU m ,I k ñ ú g jaNvi v dþ ³ . bTfa tfed æ n v i v d þ n abB aØ a

bBaØa

KW

bB a Ø a

bB a Ø a kñ ú ges ckþ I f a F m ’ B i t

k a r e K ce c j

kñ ú ges ckþ I f a

rbs; b u K Á l enaH . kñ ú g bTd¾ e ssk¾ m ann½ y enH .

KW

Fm’ B i t

bTfa

e ct y en þ a

vivdþtIti

.

d U e cñ a H

e c e t av i v ed þ a

jaNenaH

RBHeya-

K av c rk alK i t rE m ge K c e cj e RB aH e h tu e na H eT I b eQμ a Hf a e ce t avi v dþ ³

es ck þ I f a

m ü : a g mane nk ç m μ ³ C aed I m

e RB aH RB He y a K avc r

k al Ki tF m ’ E t

rE mgeKcecj cakkamcä n Þ ³ Caed I m


- 311 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

e dayjaN

Edlsm,y u tþ ed ay

en k ç m μ ³ en aH

- 312 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

.

d U ec ñ aH

j aNen a HeT I b eQμ a Hfa e ce tav i v d þ ³ . bTfa

viCanenþa

k al dw gc,as;

r Em ge K ce cj

RB He ya Kavcr

e RB aH eh tu e n aHeT I b eQμ a Hf a

ci t þ v i v dþ ³ esckþ I f a eRBaHRBHeyaKavcr kaldw g c,as; e day citþGFidæan

e d ayG M N ac e n kç m μ ³ C aed I m

kamcänÞ³CaedIm

edayjaN

rEmgeKcecjcak

E d l sm ,y u tþ C am Y y e nk ç m μ ³

jaNM

k alj aNe K ce cj

k e ra e n þ a

vivdþtIti

e RBa Heh tu en aH

j a Nv i v ed þ a

eT I b C aj aNvi v dþ ³

es ckþ I fa e RB aH RB Hey a Kav c rka le FV I Gaytn³ xagkñ ú g 6 [ d w gc,as ; fa C a rbs ; s U n ü eKcecjcakkarRbkan; m aM

ed ayG n tþ an u bsSnajaN

rEmg

edaykare X I j e dayjaNe na H

ev as SC ¢ e n þ a

vivdþtIti

v i e m a k ç v i v edþ a

ed ayen kç mμ ³ C aed I m

kaleb I r l as;

rEmgeKcecjcak

kamcä n Þ ³ CaedI m edayjaNEdlsm,yu t þ C amY y enkç m μ ³ enaH . d U e c ñ a H j aNe n a H e TI b eQμ a Hf a v i e m a kç v i v d þ ³ . bTfa

tfedæ

kñ ú g esckþ I f a

Fm’ B i t

es ckþ I fa

vivdþtIti

sc©vivedþa

r Em ge K ce cj

eRBaHehtu e naHeTI b eQμ a Hfa

e RB a H RB H e y a Kav c r

sc© v i v d þ ³

r E m ge Kc e cjc a kT u kç kñ ú g

m KÁ B a Ø aN e TI beQ μ a Hfa sc © v i v d þ ³ . b¤ f a mKÁ B aØ a NenaHÉg rEmgeKcecjcakTu k ç

kñ ú g esckþ I f a

Fm’ B i t

edaykarecj

eRBaHehtu e naH eTI b eQμ a Hf a sc © v i v d þ ³ . b T m an C aGa T × f a N am ansB aØ av i v d þ ³

ytß

s B a Ø a v i v ed þ a

kñ ú gxN³ én mKÁ

el akeBalsM ed Adl ; x N³ énsc© v i v dþ ³

eRBaHelakeBalTu k ehI y kñ ú g sc© v i v dþ B aØ a Nn i e TÞ s

Ég . dU ecñ a H j aNen a H e T I b eQμ aHf a j a Nvi v dþ ³ . bTfa

eRBaHRBHeyaKav cr

es ckþ I fa F m ’ B i t 4 y : ag ed ay GM N a cka r ecj . d U e cñ a H

e na H . d U e c ñ aH jaNe naHe TI beQμ a Hf a ci t þ v i v d þ ³ . bTfa

es c kþ I fa

p u t ka mc ä n Þ ³ C aed I m

c i t þ v i v ed þ a

vivdþtIti

v i e m a kç v i v d þ ³

kal

e bI rl as ; e cj rEmgeKcecj e RB aH eht u e na H e TI beQμ a Hf a

.

e RBaH

jaNTaM g Gs; rEmgRbkbenAkñ ú g mKÁ B aØ a NenaHÉg . sY r fa y : agN a ?

eq ø I y fa

e RB aH Gri y mKÁ m kehI y edaysru b kñ ú g


- 313 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

- 314 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

jaNd¾ e ss evorjaNkñ ú gvi v dþ ³ . s U m ,I j aNk ñ ú g j aN -

j aNk ñ ú g j aNvi v dþ ³

v i v d þ ³ rEmgR b kb kñ ú gxN ³én m KÁ ed ayG M N acs e Rmc ki c© én

man)az³fa bBaØ a manGntþ a nu b sSnaCaGFi b tI rEmgeKcecj

v i b s Sn a eRBa Hv i b s Sn ase Rmck i c © e d aymK Á en aHÉg . b ¤ fa

cakkarRbkan; m aM e daysBaØ a

k a reB al d l ; j aNenaH

b T m an C aGa T × f a

e TI beQ μ a Hfa sBaØ avi v d þ B aØ aN . k arRbk an ; m a M e d ays PaB

Ca k arc a k ; F ø ú H e d ay GM N a cén k i c ©

e pS g ² Gn t þ a nu bsSn a Ca Fm ’ E tm Y y . k al Ki tdl ; Pa BE t

ckçú suBaØM

kñ ú gm KÁ B aØ aN fa

c k ç ú s U n üTe T

d U e c ñ H rE mg KY r k ñ ú g xN³mKÁ en aHÉg .

k ¾ mk eh I y k ñ ú gj aNT a M g e n aH

m Y y r bs; Gn t þ a nu bsSn a

mü: a geTot kñ ú g bTenH mankarRbkbesckþ I d U c teTAenH KY r eFV I k arRbkbkñ ú g kareRbóbeFobTaM g Gs;

edayn ½ yma n Ca

v i v d þ B aØ a N

ena H rE mgman e c et av i v d þ ³ . k ñ ú g xN³énmKÁ N a maneceta-

d æ an

s c© v i v d þ ³ mk eh I y

mansBaØ a v i v d þ ³

eR B aHG ri ym K Á

4

.

mü : a g eT ot

mk dl ; e h I y

kñúg

sB aØ av i v d þ ³ e ce t avi v dþ ³ c i t þ v i v d þ ³ n i gvi emak ç v i v d þ ³ .

ci tþ rE mg eK ce cj ca k ka rRb k an ;

kallHesckþ I R bkan; m aM

G M N a cénGn tþ an u b sS na

kñ ú g xN³énmKÁ e naH

bBaØ a CaGFi b tI

m a M e RB aH eh tu en aH bB a Ø a kñ ú ges ckþ I e pS g ² eT I b Ca e ce ta -

G a T× f a k ñ ú g xN³énmK Á N a m ansB aØ av i v d þ ³ k ñ ú g xN³énmKÁ

vi v dþ ³

eRBaHehtu e naH

e RB aH

e TI beQμ a Hf a

eRBa H ehtu e na H

ci t þ v i v d þ B aØ aN

maM e dayGntþ a nu b sSna

ci t þ r EmgtaM g maM e day

.

eRBaHehtu e naH

bB a Ø a kñ ú gk a r GF i -

n i gr las ; ka r Rbkan; bBaØ a kñ ú g k a rrl as;

e cj e TI beQμ a Hf a v i e m a kç v i v d þ B aØ a N . mü: a geTot kñ ú g jaNvi v dþ ³ rEmg)ansc© v i v dþ ³ pg eRBaH

CakarseRmcedayGM N acén

RbkbbTmanCaGaT× f a ckç ú s U n üTeTcakxø Ü n b¤ c akv t ß ú C ar bs ;

kaleBalebyüal[B i s þ a r

x ø Ü n e da yG M N a ck i c© r bs ; Gñ ke cj ca k Gn tþ a nu b sSna ehI y

k ñ ú gsBa Ø avi v d þ ³ ecetav i v d þ ³ ci t þ v i v d þ ³ ni gv i e m a kç v i v d þ ³ s U m ,I

)anGri y mKÁ . eRBaHdU e cñ a H kñ ú g vi v dþ ³ m Y y ² rEmg)a nv i v d þ ³ 5

mü: a geTot ki c ©

jaNvi v dþ ³

edaysc© v i v dþ ³ enaHÉg

.


- 316 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 315 - Gdækfa vivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs

d ¾ e ss . e RB aHdU ec ñ aH K b ,I RCabfa el akeB ale RbóbeFob T u km an CaGa T× f a k ñ ú g xN³énmK Á N a ma nsB aØ av i v d þ ³

.

Gdæ k fa }T§ i v i F BaØ a Nni e TÞ s

kñúg

xN ³én m KÁ e n a H rE mgm an e c e t avi v d þ ³ ed ayRbkardU ec ñ H . K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g \T § i v i FB aØ aNn i e TÞ s dU ct eT Ae nH . bTfa \ F P i k ç ú KW Pi kç ú kñ ú g s asna en H . ¬ cb; GdækfavivdþBaØaNqkánieTÞs ¦

3

k ñ ú gbT en Hf a

q n Þ s m a Fi b F a n s gç a rsmn ñ a K t M

Edl

Rbkb edaysmaFi d ¾ é RkEl g ed ay qn Þ ³ n i gsg ç ar C a R bF an manGFi b ,aydU c teTAenH . smaFi m anqnÞ ³ Caehtu b¤ s maFi d¾ é RkElgedayqnÞ ³ eQμ a Hfa qnÞ s maFi . bTenH CaeQμ a H rbs ; s maF i Edl )an

e RBaHe F V I k t ú þ k mü t aq n Þ ³

esc k þ I e Bj

c i t þ e RB a H R )a fñ an w g eF V I k a rg a r [ CaGF i b tI . s gç a rC a RbF a n eQ μ a H fa

bFansg ç a r T a M g L ay

bTenH

CaeQ μ a H r bs ;

esckþ I B üayam KW smμ b ,Fan Edl[seRmcki c © 4 y: a g . el ake FV I CaBh u v cn³ edayGM N acki c© 4 y: a g[s e Rmc . bTfa

smnñ a KtM

RbkbehI y KW cU l dl; e hI y eday

s m a Fi d¾ é Rk El g ed ay qn Þ ³ ni gs gç a rC a RbF a n .


- 317 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 318 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa \ T § i ) a T M \T § i ) aT e s ck þ I f a BB Y k c i t þ n i ge c t -

B i t N as ;

el akse®gÁ aH xn §

4

n i gF m ’ m an ps S ³ C a

s i k d¾ essE dlCa)aT edaykarGFi dæ an éns ma F i d ¾ é RkElg

e dI m T aM gG s; cU l Cam Y y K ñ a y: agen H . ed ayn½ yenH sU m, I

e da yq nÞ ³

k ñ ú gbT d¾ ess

n i g s g ç a r CaRb Fan

Edlsm,y u tþ ed ayc i t þ Ca

Kb, I R Cabesck þ I d U cteT Aen H

.

sma F i E dl

k u s l m an ] b ca rQ a n Ca e dI m Edl ) aneQμ a Hf a \ T § i e RB aH

) a n e RB a HeF V I v I r i y ³ c i t þ ³ v i m M s a[ C aGFi b tI el akeB alfa

G t ß fa

v i m M s as m aF i

se R mc

ed ay b ri ya yé nes ck þ I s e Rmc

b¤ e da y

bri y ayenHfa stV T aM g LayCaGñ k seRmcehI y ceRmI n ehI y dl ; e s ckþ I R besI rv i e sseh I y rEmgseRmceday\T § i e na H . smdU cela k G Fi b, ay Tu k viPgÁfa

bT f a

\T§i)aeTa

kñ ú gs u t þ n þ Pa Cn I y _ KW

evT naxn §

.l.

kñ ú g\ T § i ) aT v i B a Ø aN kç n§

rbs ; b u KÁ l e naH . mü : a geT ot el akeBalT u kk ñ ú g G Pi F m μ P a C n I y _ f a b T f a \ T § i ) a e T a K W psS³ ev Tna .l. bKÁ a h ³ k a r pÁ gT u k e RB aH dU ecñ aH

/

Gv i e k ç b ³

e s ck þ I m i n r ay may r bs; G ñ k e na H

kñ ú gb Ten H fa

c i t þ e cts i k d ¾ e ss

e ss c i t þ e c ts i k r a s I

Kb,I R Ca b fa

.

BB Y k é n

el akeF V I \T § i )aTm Y y

e RB aH eFV I q n Þ ³ [CaGF i btI

el akeB al fa qn Þ s m a Fi dU ecñ a H . k ñ ú g\ T§ i )a Tm Y y ² Fm ’ E tm Y y ² m an b I ²

1

KW m an qn Þ ³

Caed I m manv I ri y³ Ca ed I m m an ci t þ ³Cae dI m manv i mM s aC a ed I m elakeBalfa \T§ i x ø H \T§ i ) aTxø H edayRbkardU e cñ H . cM E Nk x n§ 4 y : ag sm ,yu t þ Kñ a d¾ ess Ca\T § i ) aT E t mü : ag . m ü : a ge T ot

K b, I RC ab f a

e RBaH F m’ m Y y ²

m an bI

²

T a M g e n H rEmgseRmcR BmKñ a C am Y y xn § 4 E dlsm,y u t þ Kñ a . ev orx n§ 4 T a M g enaH ecj

rE m gm i n s eRmc . d U e cñ a H e da y

²

k ñ ú gsm aF i d ¾ é RkEl ged ay qn Þ ³ n i gsg ç arCa R b Fa n eh I y e F V I B ak üd ¾ e ss e daybTmY y ² B I r ² .

d U csma Fi E dl) an

1-manqnÞ³CaedIm

)andl;

Fm’

3

KW

vIriy³

CamYyqnÞ³EdlCaRbFan ehAfa qnÞsmaFi .

citþ³

vimMsa

ekItrYm


- 319 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

e da yb ri y a ye na H

s U m ,I xn §

\T§i

e l a ks e Rm c fa

\ T§ i k þ I

e RB aH G tß f a [se R mc . e Q μ a H f a ) a T eRBaHGt ß fa C aT I

teRm k)aneh I y

ed ay bT ma nCa G aT × fa

taMg .

RCabfa el akeBaldl ; Fm ’ e d ayGakar KW es ckþ I s eRmc . c M ENkkñ ú gb Ten H fa

KtM

4

Ta M gGs ;

- 320 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

k ¾ e Qμ aH f a

v I r i y s m aFi b F a n sg ç a r s mn ñ a -

Rbkb edaysmaFi d ¾ é R kElg ed ayv I ri y ³

n i g s gç a rC a

bTfa

Paevti

bTenH

\T § i )aTkþ I

rEm gc e Rm I n

KW

se Rmceh I y \T§i

rEmgesB

karceRmI n \T§ i ) aTCaelaki y ³

k m© a t; n U v

smiT§i

.

K b, I

sU m , I k ñ ú g

dU c kñ ú g su t þ n þ P aCnI y _

R b F an man es c kþ I dU c t e T Ae n H . v I ri y³ n i gsg ç arCa Rb Fa n

e RB aH dU ecñ aH

E tm Y y dU cK ñ a . e b I s Y r fa eRBaHehtu GV I el akeT I b eB alT u k

bU r N_ m u n ceRmI n \T§ i ) aT EdlCaelaki y ³ CaGñ k cU l smabtþ i

C aB I ry : a g

8 rhU t dl; P aBCM n ajkñ ú g ksi N

.

e q ø I y fa

k ñ ú gT I e n Hel a kb M N gy kvI r i y ³m u n

RB Hey aKav crG ñ kbM Ngnw gj ú a M g \T § i ) aT [b ri -

8

manbzvI k si N CaedI m

e da yk a rsE mþ gv I ri y ³CaGF i b tI e dI m, I s Em þ gvI r i y ³ e n a HÉ g [

h V w k h at; c i t þ e d a y Gak a r 14 T a M g e n H KW H

se Rmcki c © 4 y : a g el akeT I b eB alsg ç arC a R bF an .

e da yG nu el amksi N 1 / ed aybd i e l amks i N 1 /

m ü : a ge T ot

k ñ ú gb Ten H

eRB a Hel ak eBalT u kBI ry : a g

e na H Ég e TI bel a keB al Fm’ m Y y ² eT ACab I ² . GacarüB Y k x ø HeB alf a eQ μ a H fa viPgÁfa

\T§i)aT

eQ μ a H fa

\T§i

se RmcehI y

e s ck þ I s e Rmc

c M ENk

en Am i n Ta n; s eR m c

.

eRBaHel akeBalT u kk ñ ú g

es ck þ I s e Rmcedayl ¥

e da yG nu el ambd i e l amksi N

1

/

e da yG nu el amQ an

1 / ed aybdi elamQan 1 / edayGnu el ambd i e l amQ an 1 / e d ayQ a n e T A kan; Q an 1 / e dayQankn ø gk si N 1

/

e d ayQ an kn ø g Q an

ni g ks i N

1

/

edays Þ ú H e T A

ka r R ) afñ a

k a n; G gÁ 1 / ed ays Þ ú He TA k an ; G a r mμ N _ 1 / e d ays Þ ú He T A

k a r R )a f ñ a e d ayl ¥ n U v Fm ’ e n aH ² eQ μ a H fa \ T § i . E tk ñ ú g T I e n H

k a n; G gÁ ni g G a rm μ N _ 1 / edayk M N t ; G g Á 1 / ed aykM N t ;


- 321 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 322 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

G a r mμ N _ 1 e hI yc U l Qane r Oy² edayGM N ac qn Þ ³ v I r i y ³

TaM g enaHedaykarcU l Qan . GFi b ,ayfa [kan; y kGakar

citþ³

G b ; rM qn Þ ³ Ca ed I m .

v I m M s aC a Rb F an

kMNt;GgÁ

.

n i gG a rm μ N _

.

G ac a r ü BY kx ø HR) a fñ a

sUm,Ikar

Gñ k dl ; R B med ay eht u x aged I m

snSM PaBC M n aj kñ ú gehtu R tw mE tQa n

4

BYk

kñ ú g ks i N

TaM g Lay rEmgsmKY r eRBaHehtu e naH RBHeyaKavcrceRmI n \ T § i )aTsma Fi e na H G a T× fa

r E m gG F i d æ anv I r i y ³

G s; k ar R bk a n; xø Ü n

.

rEm g R Kbs gá t; ci tþ

KW

e F V I ci t þ [

b Tm u n eBaldl ; é n rbs ; bTe R ka y

.

e RB aH c i t þ E dl Gb ; rM ehI y rE m gCac i tþ E dl R Kbs gá t ; )a n . bTfa m u T M u k e r a ti eFV I [ Ca c i t þ T n ; K W e FV I ci t þ Edl RK b

ed I m , I m i n [ekI t Gk u s l Fm ’ d ¾ l amkE dlenAm i n Ta n ;

s gá t; T u k )aneh I y e n aH É g [dl ; P aB CM naj . e RBaHci tþ [

lu H dw g esckþ I v i n as

4

b r i T e mt i

R b k a rm an C a

ekI t [ekI t eLI g

²

bTfa

ni g esckþ I c eRmI n rbs;

smaFi e naHehI y rEmgGFi d æ a nvI r i y ³Tu k erOy ² . RBHeyaK av c ren a H

G b ; rM c i t þ k ñ ú g\ T§ i )a T

4

y : a genHehI y

r E mg

j ú a M g\ T§ i v i F [s e R mc ) an .

\T§i)aeTsu

rEmgGb ; rM c i tþ k ñ ú g \T § i ) a T

4

k a r ga r

.

kmμniyM

KW

citþM

b ri P a e v t i

P i k ç ú eF V I \ T § i ) aT mY y

q n Þ ³ T a M g La ye r Oy ² eh I y eQμ a Hf a

²

KY rdl ; k a rga r

KW

eF V I [ sm KY rdl ;

e RB a Hc i tþ Tn ; rE mg K Y r dl ; ka r ga r .

Etkñ ú g TI e nH

)andl;

d U cm asE dl

ci t þ K Y r dl; k argar

K W s Em þ g bJ T § i ) an . bTfa

\ T § i ) aeTs u KW P i k ç ú G ñ kc e Rm I n \T § i ) a T 4 e n aH . ctUsu

bTfa

)anedjl¥ e hI y

bTfa e s a k ñ ú gb Tm an C aG aT × fa e s a \ e ms u c t U s u

bTfa

R b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gGM N ac el akeB al fa m u T u T n; .

e sa

KW

Pi kç ú G ñ km an c i t þ G b ; rM ehI y

.

el ak

Pi k ç ú

eB alb Tma n Ca GaT × f a k a y m , i c i e tþ s e ma T ht i rE mg t a M g

kñúg

kayT u k k ñ ú g c i tþ xø H

Gb ; r M c i tþ k ñ ú g\ T § i )aT

ed I m , I s Em þ gv i F I e ya K³

ed I m, I s eRmcé n

k a r R ta c ; e TArbs ; c i tþ ta ms b, ay kñ ú gevl ae FV I \T § i .


- 323 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bT fa

r E mg t aM gkayT u kk ñ ú g c i t þ x ø H

kaym,i

cietþ

- 324 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

s em a Th ti

esckþ I f a rE mg t a M g K W [ c U l

e TA elI k krC k ay Tu k kñ ú g c i t þ ma nQa nC a )aT xø H . G F i b , ay fa

e FV I kay [Rb RB w t þ eT At am ci t þ

.

kareF V I y: a ge n H

k ñ ú gk ay xø H

kaey

e sc k þ I f a

r E m gt a M g

)aTk ñ ú g k rC k ay r bs ; x ø Ü n t a mk ay xø H

.

s e m aTh t i rE m gta M gc i tþ Tu k KW

G F i b ,ay fa

k ar e FV I y : ag e n H

e lI kc i t þ m an Qa n Ca eF V I ci t þ [ Rb RB w t þ e TA

r E m gm an e dI m, I ] bk ar ³dl ;

k a re T A e d ay k ay E d l R) a kd . )a z³ f a s m a Tht i

xøH .

es ckþ I fa [ t aM gT u k .

C a y: a ge n Hcu H

.

rEmgGFi d æ a n K W G Fi dæ anfa s U m[

elakeBal dl ; k arb eg ¥ an eT A

e dI m, I GFi -

b , ay Gt ß é n esckþ I t aM g T u k . el akeBaldl ; GFi d æ an ed I m , I G F i b , ay Gt ß én karbeg ¥ an eT A . e RB aH bT f a s e m aTht i Ca bTta M g

.

bTfa

b ri N a e mti

G F i d æ a ti

C a bT GFi b ,a y

rbs ; b Tfa s e m aT ht i en aH . d U e cñ a H e d ay GM N ac én bT T a M g B I ren a H

e la ke TI b eBalfa

GFidæhitVa

GFi dæ an ehI y

b r i N ae m tV a .

mi neB al fa

be g¥ aneTA s em a T -

h i t V a t aM gT u keh I y . bTfa

Ca)aTel I keL I gk ñ ú g k rC k ay . e F V I [ R b RBw tþ e T A ta mk ay .

vihrti

b T e n H Ca e v v cn³ r bs; k a r ta M gc i tþ T u kk ñ ú g k ay .

es ckþ I fa

k a yM b r i N ae mti rEmgbeg¥ an k ay

G F i d æ a ti

bTfa

e TA ed ay GM N ac é n kay xø H esckþ I f a kan ; y k ci t þ m a nQa n

bTfa c i t þ v esn

k a n; y k k rC k a y

t a mc i tþ . bTenHCaevv cn³rbs; k a r ta M gk ay Tu k kñ ú gc i t þ .

eh I y

bTfa k a y v e s n ci t þ M b ri N a e m t i rEmg be g ¥ a nc i t þ

e s ckþ I f a

eh I y el I k T u k k ñ ú g ci t þ Edlm anQa nC a )aT e FV I [RbRBw tþ e T A

rEmg

man ed I m ,I ] bk a r³ dl ; k areTAeday kayEdlmi n R) ak d . bTfa c i t þ m , i

e TA ed ay GM N ac r bs; c i tþ x ø H

s u x s B aØ B a ©

l h u s Ba Ø B a ©

rE mg bBa © Ú l s u x sB aØ a

kaey

»kámitVa

n i g lh u s Ba Ø akñ ú g k ay

r E m gbB a© Ú l s u x sB aØ aE dle k I t r Y m C am Y y c tu tß -

C Ä an n i glh u s Ba Ø a [ c U l eTAk ñ ú gkrCkay s U m , I k rCkay


- 325 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

rbs; P i k ç ú e naHGñ k mankayFø a k; c u H kñ ú g sBaØ a enaH

- 326 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

k¾ C akrCkay

RsaldU cb : u y K .

bTfa

tfa

Pavi e tn

ci e tþ n

manci t þ E dlGb; r M e hI y

C a t ti yav i P t þ i c u Hkñ ú g l kç N ³én\t ß m Ö Ú t ³ ma n b ¤ c u Hk ñ ú g G t ß é n eh t u e RB aHes c kþ I fa m an ci t þ E dl Gb ; rM ehI y K W Caehtu .

bTfa

esa

bTfa

G e n kv i h i t M

énsti k ñ ú g ]ebkç a . eQμ a Hfa pU r pg; eRBaHbri s u T § × e naHÉg .

kMNt;bJT§i .

\ T § i v i F B a Ø a N ay

e dI m, I \T § i v i FB aØ aN

KW

kñúg

c M ENkén \T § i . b¤ ed I m , I R t Ú v karjaNk ñ ú g ka r k M N t; \T§ i .

e na H

G P i n I h rt i

rEmgbeg ¥ an c i t þ e TA

k ale bI ci t þ ma nGP i B aØ a Ca )a T e kI t ehI y

RbkardU c eBalehI y

rEmgbeg¥ a nbri k mμ c i t þ e TA

KW

P i kç ú

e d a yGM N a c edI m ,I s eRmc

\ T § i v i FBa Ø aN . n aM ecjcakGarmμ N _ k s i N eh I y eq < a Hm u x e TA k an ; \ T§ i v i F .

KW

P i kç ú G ñ ke F V I ci t þ [ m an GP i n i hary: a g

e R cI ny : a g

KW

eRcI n y: a gm an

\T§iviFM

sE m þ g b J T § i ) an

KW

cM ENké nb J T § i

bTfa b c © n u e P a t i KW rEmgesaypl . G F i b , ay fa

G F i b , ay fa c i tþ R tc HR t c g; Rss ; f ø a .

citþM

eFVIkar

R b k ar e p S g² . bTfa

bTfa

KW

e nH .

bTfa b r i s u e T § n b ri s u T § × K W eQμ a Hf a e s ckþ I b ri s u T § ×

bTfa

rE mg beg¥ an eT A

beg¥ ane TAk a n; \T § i E dl KY rse R mc [e TA k an ; \ T § i .

bTfa e s a KW P i k ç ú G ñ ke F V I eyaKv i F I en aH . bTfa

GPininñaemti

rEmgeF V I s m ö ½ s S[Cak ; c, as ;

KW

se Rmc

.

s arI bu tþ e tß r kaln w gsE mþ gPaBEdlP i kç ú e na H

eBl enH

RB H

sEm þ gb J T § i ) an

e R cI ny : a g e TI beB alb Tm an CaGa T × f a É e k ab i h u t V a . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT f a É e k a b i h u t V a KW s U m ,I bu KÁ l E tm ñ ak; esckþ I f a ta mRb Rkt I mu nsE mþ g bJ T§ i C a bu KÁ l m ñ ak; . bTfa

B hu F a

e h a ti

C ab u KÁ l eR c I n na k;

nw g edI r c®gá m kñ ú g sM N ak; r bs; P i k ç ú e RcI n kþ I

KW

bMNg

bM N gnw g sV a Füay


- 327 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 328 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

k þ I b M N gn w g sY rbBa ð akþ I C a ry k¾ ) an CaBan ; k¾ ) an . s Y r f a

t ß CÄ an rEmge kI teL I gk ñ ú glM dab; eKaRtP U dU cG b ,n aci tþ eBl

e F V I y: a gen aH ) an ed ayeh tu dU ce m þ c

dMbUg .

P i k ç ú en aHj ú aM g Fm ’ E dlC a bT mU l eBj elj

?

eqøIyfa

R bs i n e bI

rbs ; ) aTé nP U m i rbs ; b J T § i [

eh I y c U l QanCa)aTénGPi B a Ø a

lu He cjeh I y

k ñ ú gbT fa Bh u F a e h a ti en aH G ñ k Edlni mi t þ ) an e R cI n d U cK ñ an w g G ñ k m an bJ T§ i

e RB a Hn i m i t þ mi nk M N t; T u k

.

r E m ge FV I

R ) a fñ a Ca ry k ¾ bri kmμ f a sU m[ xø Ü ney I gm anc M nY n C a ryn a k; ²

vtß ú E dlGñ k manbJ T § i e FV I ) ankñ ú g karQr karGgÁ ú y CaedI m b¤ k ñ ú g

eh I y c U l QanEdlCa)aT

k a rn i y ay

l u H e cjG M B I Q anenaHeh I y

k a ren Ae s ¶ óm Ca ed I m

GFi d æ a n RBmCamY y nw g karGFi d æ a nenaHÉg k¾ s eRmcCarynak;

r U bn i m i tþ RbePTepSg

)an

m C Äi mv½ y

.

s U m ,I kñ ú gBa n ; n ak ; Ca ed I m

Rbs i n eb I m i n R )a f ñ a y: ag en a H

k ¾ m an n½ yen Hd U c K ñ a

Kb, I e FV I b ri k mμ eT ot

.

eh I y c U l

CaelI kT I B I r lu He cjv i j eh I y eT I b G Fi dæ an .

dg

k ñ ú g k a rc U l enaH

ci tþ manQanCa)aT

mann i m i tþ C a

Fmμkfa

eFV I B Y kx ø HC ab z mv½ y

BN’ s B ak ; kNþ a l

e dr

c i t þ T aM ge naHÉg

e F V I b ri km μ e d ayn½ ym an CaGaT × fa

m i n Emned ayG M N ac é n

.

BY k x ø H C a

B Y k xø Hm ans k; Evg mancI v rB N’ Rk hm

eq ø I y bBa ð a

ni ge ) ak cI v r C aedI m

eFV I n anb,kary: a gdéT

.

s U Rtb TPaN

sY r b B að a

Garmμ N _ . ci t þ b ri k mμ m ancM n Y n ry b¤ c M n Y n Ban; C aGarmμ N _ . eday G M N a cvN Ñ ³

.

m an s k; p á a fá Ú v

s U R ts r PB aØ

R Cl k; c I v r

Rbs i n e bI R)af ñ an w ge FV I

BY kx ø HC ab c ä w mv ½ y

B ak ; kNþ ale k ars k; B ak ; kNþ al

k ñ ú gG dæ k fas M y u t þ el akeBalfa K Y rc U l 1 dg b ¤ 2

.

²

.

k¾ d U cK ñ a

sE mþ g h al c I v r

b ¤ bM N gn w g

lu H ecjcakQanEdlCa)aTehI y P i kç ú Rb m aN bu : e N Ñ H

cU r Ca

bBaØ t þ i . sU m ,I c i t þ G Fi d æ a nmancM n Y n ry b¤ c M n Y n Ban; C aGarmμ N _

bzmv½ y

d U cK ñ a . c i t þ en aHmanGarmμ N _ E tm Y y b : u eNÑ aH C a rU )avcrct u -

RBmCamY y ci t þ G Fi d æ a n Pi k ç ú r EmgRbRBw t þ e TAtamEdlxø Ü n GFi d æ a n

ehI y cU l smabtþ i e Tot

lu H ecjehI y Kb,I G Fi d æ a n


- 329 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 330 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

e da y R b ka r dU ecñ H .

bTfa G a v i P a v M KW e F V I [ R ) ak d .

k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a

BhuFabi

b u KÁ l e Rc I n n ak; mk Etm ñ ak; k¾ )an es ckþ I e pSgK ñ ad U c teTAe nH d ¾ e R cI ny : a g en Heh I y m ñ ak; Ég b : u eN Ñ a H s Y r b B að ad U e cñ H kþ I

.

hutVa

k¾ ma nn ½ y en H

B i teh I y

k¾ K i t e T o t f a

P i k ç ú e nH

.

e h a ti

bTfa ti e rPavM eFV I [ kM ) aM g k¾ ) an . Kb,I P ¢ a b; b Tmu n fa

E tm a n

G a v i P av M b c © n u e P a t i . ti e r a P av M b c © n u e P a t i sE mþ g [R) a kd

l u Hn i m i tþ r U b

e yI g n w g ed I r c ®g á mE t

e yI gn w ge FV I k a rs V a F üay

Kitfa

Éeka

vi h a ren Hm an P i k ç ú t i c

.

e y I gn w g .

e b I ma n

k ¾ ) an

.

s E mþ g [) at ; eT Ak ¾ )a n

T I kM ) aM g[ eX I j k¾ ) an . b¤ eFV I T I m i n Em nC a Kn ø gén EP ñ k [ m k C a Kn ø gén EP ñ k

.

sY r f a

P i k ç ú en HsU m, I e nA k ñ ú gT I kM ) a M g

d w gdl ; e y I g f a

)an

eTI b R)afñ a fa sU m [eyI g mkCamnu s Smñ a k; tic

c U l QanCa)aT

lu He cj ca kQan

s U m [ey I g C am nu s SE tm ñ ak;

B i t R)a kdk þ I

eRBaHCaGñ k R)afñ a eT I b eFV I b ri km μ f a

eh I y cU l Qanm þ geTot

eBl

kñ ú gbT en HGñ km an bJ T§ i

b M N gn w geF V I [ R) ak d . r Em geFV I T I gg w t[P ø W k¾ ) an . b ¤ e FV I

P i k ç ú xø Hn i m nþ m k . Pi k ç ú R bmaNb : u eN Ñ H nw g Kg ; e nA TI N a . n w g e n HC a G an u P aBrbs ; RBH efr ³

.

.

y : agd U cem þ c

bM N gs E mþ gx ø Ü n

?

eq ø I yfa

b ¤ s U m , I e n Akñ ú gT I q ¶ ay

d U cC a

k ¾ R)a k d

b¤ Gñ k d éT[ R ) akd k ¾ d U e cñ a H

luH

ecjcakQan Ca)aTehI y k¾ n w k fa sU m TI k M ) aM g enHkM u [ kM ) aM g eL I y

.

b ¤ s U m TI Edlm i n Em nCa K nø gé nE Pñ k

ed ayn½ yd U c eB alehI y e n aH

EPñkcuH

eh I y br i km μ G F i d æ an

RBm C am Y y n w gk a rG Fi d æ an

e cj ca kQa nK b, I G F i d æ an fa

s U m [ ey I gC am nu s SEtm ñ a k;

Ég

cuH

RBm C am Y y n w gc i tþ Edl GF i -

G F i d æ ane naH . Gñ k déTs U m , I Q re nAkñ ú gT I q¶ ay k ¾ e X I j ) a n .

.

Pi k ç ú e na H k¾ nw gmk E tm ñ a k;

d æ ane na H Ég

.

eb I mi n eF V I y : a ge n H

rE m gm an E t xø Ü n Égmñ a k;

b : u e N Ñ aH ed ay GM N actamkarEdlkM N t ; T u k .

.

c U rCaKn ø gé n

rEmgRb RBw tþ e TAtamkar

R)afñ a cg; e XI j sU m ,I x ø Ü n Égk¾ e XI j )an e TA rE m geF V I T I Pø W [ g gw t ) an

.

R)afñ a nw g eFV I [ )at;

b ¤ e FV I T I kM ) aM gm i n [k M )a M g)a n .


- 331 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 332 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

b ¤ e F V I TI EdlCaKn ø gén EP ñ k m i n [CaKn ø gén EP ñ k )a n . s Y r fa

) a di h a ry _ E dlm i n R )ak de na H

y : agN a ? e qø I yfa d U cC as U m ,I e nA k ñ ú gT I kM ) a M g b ¤ s U m , I Q r

RBh μ n i m n þ n i ksU R t .

e nA k ñ ú gT I q¶ ay Edlm i n R)akd

bTfa

sE mþ gx ø Ü n b ¤ Gñ k déTk ¾ dU ec ñ aH l u H ecj c akQ an C a)a Teh I y

G F i b , ay fa

n w kK i tf a s U m T I mi nk M ) a M gen H cU rk M ) aM g cu H . b ¤ s U mT I E dlC a

e R kA Pñ M k ¾ m a nn ½ y enH . bTfa k u e D Ð a KW CBa ¢ a M g R kú g .

c U rm i n E mn Kn ø g ck ç ú

e da yn ½ y d U c e BalehI y e n aH É g rEmgRbRB w t þ eT A e nA TI Ci t

k ¾ mi neX I j G s;

.

eQ μ aH f a

eh I y e F V I b ri km μ GFi dæ an .

tamkarGF i d æ ane na H

k ¾ mi n R) a kd

.

.

ni ge da y

P i kç ú b M N gn w g

K n ø g c kç ú e nH

y : agN a

ed ay ym ks U R t

RBm nw g ka rG F i d æ an .

Gñ kd éTs U m , I Q r

s U m , I b M N gn w gmi n[eX I j xø Ü nÉg

mü : a ge T ot e FV I [R) a kd

) ad i h a ry _ E dl R)akds U m , I T aM g .

) ad i h a ry _ E dlm i n R)akd

eQ μ a H fa e FV I [ ) at ; e TA . kñ ú g) ad i h ar y _ e FV I [R )a k den a H

b : u e N Ñ aH rEm gR)a kd

.

e dI m

.

xageRkACBa ¢ aM g

c M E Nkd éT

) a ka e r a

bT f a

KW

b B V e ta

.

KW

c M ENkxage RkAk M E pg

kM E p gCM u v i j Rk ú g KW

CB a ¢ a M g d é T

Pñ M dI

b¤PñMfμ

.

vi h a r

.

x ag

nigpÞHCa

G s C¢ m a e n a

KW

mi n Cab; . bTfa esyüfabi Gakaes KW dU c eTAkñ ú g TI T eT . m ü : a ge T ot G ñ kb M N gn w g e T Ay: a g e n H Kb, I cU l G ak as ksi N

l u H ecj eh I y n w kK i tdl ; CBa ¢ aM gk þ I

eh I y eF V I b ri k mμ G Fi dæ anfa

kM Epgkþ I Pñ M kþ I

s U m [Ca rbs ; T eT cu H

.

rEmg

C a TI TeT ) an . Gñ kb M N gn w g c u H e TA k an ; T I T ab k þ I b M N geL I g bJT§ikþI

Gñ km an b J T § i k þ I

r E m g R )a kd . K b ,I s E mþ g )a di h a ry _ E dl R) a kde na H e da y y mk ) ad i h a ry _

bTfa

t i e ra ku D Ð M

k ñ ú g) ad i h a ry _ E dlm i n R ) akd G ñ km anb J T § i m i n R )ak d

.

bJT§i

Kb , I s Em þ g

e TA k an ; x agel I kþ I rEmg) an tam R) a f ñ a . G ñ k b M N gn w g T M l u H e TA k ¾ r EmgeTACacen ø a H ) an . Pi k ç ú e naHeTA)anedaymi n eTI s Tak; k ñ ú g TI e naH . mü: a geTot eh I y e T A .

ka r cU l Qaneh I y

GFi d æ anm þ g eTotm i n xu s b ¤


- 333 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 334 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

m i n xu s . eRBaHkarc U l Q an eh I y G Fi dæ a nm þ geT ot r E m g

e na H Ég

d U cCa ka r ka n ; y kn i s S ½ y

T u kRB m Cam Y y k a rG F i d æ ane na H .

k ñ ú gs M N a k ; rbs ; R B H] b CÄ ay _

e RB aH P i k ç ú e n HGF i d æ anfa

s U m C aT I v alTe Tc u H

v alTe TT an ; e Bl

Rbkard U c C a Pñ M kþ I

.

eL I gt am rd U v kal k ñ ú grva g Pi k ç ú enaH BImun

m i n E mn Cazan³

.

.

d U e c ñ H rE mg C aT I

e dI meQ I k þ I

e kI t

ed aykm ø a M gG F i d æ a nmk

E t karni m μ i tel I k d M b U g

rEmgCa

.

E pn dI rEmgeTACaT w k T an ; e Bl

P i kç ú en aH rE mgp u s eL I g m u C c u H k ñ ú g Epnd I e n aH d U cenA kñ ú g Tw k eT

.

mi n EmnRtw m Etkarpu s eLI g

en Ae FV I v t ß ú déT t am R) afñ ak¾ )a n

k a rl u b l ag m u x

mu C cu H Etmü: a gb: u e NÑ a H d U cC ak a rgU t

n i g ka rl agrbs ; e Rb I R) as

k m ø a M gk ñ ú g ka r E d l Gñ km an b J T § i déT ni mi μ teh I y . Gñ km an b J T § i

mi n EmneFV I E tTw k Etmü: a gb: u e NÑ a HeT

e R kA G M B I enH KY reT AB I x a gel I b ¤ B I x ag eR k am P i k ç ú e n aH .

Caed I m fa

kñ ú gbT en Hf a b z v i y a b i ] m μ ú C ¢ n i m μ ú C ¢ M p u s eL I g m u C c u H

tamE dlk M N t ;

T w ke da Hf ø a

e Rb g

.

m ü : a geTot

enAnw k dl; v tß ú E dlR)afñ a

T w kX μ ú M n i gT w k G M e BAfa

v tß ú e nH ² cU rCavtß ú RbmaNb: u e NÑ H c u H dU ecñ Heh I y k ¾ b ri k mμ

bTfa ] m μ ú C ¢ M p u s eL I g ) an d l; e g I b eL I g .

eL I gd ak; Pa C n³

bTfa n i m μ ú C ¢ M mu C cu H )andl ; li c c u H .

k ¾ C ae Rb g

k a r pu s eLI g n i g mu C cu H eQμ a Hf a ] m μ ú C ¢ n i m μ ú C ¢ M .

e na H k¾ TT w k . b M N gn w g mi n[T Tw k k¾ mi nT Tw k .

Pi k ç ú b M N gnw g eFV I y : a genH

l u H ecj eh I y kM Nt ; f a

sU m

GFi d æ a n rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAtamkarGFi d æ a nenaH)an . kalelI k

k ñ ú gE pnd I k¾ ) an manes ck þ I d U c te T A e n H .

mü: a geTot

k a r pw k

cU l Gae)aksi N

sU mE pn dI k ñ ú gT I Rbm aN b: u e NÑ H

cUr

C a Tw k cu H eh I y br i km μ K b, I GFi d æ a nedayn ½ y dU ceB aleh I y

Tw ked a Hf ø ak¾ CaT w ked a Hf ø a

T w k k¾ C aTw k

m ü : a ge T ot

.

.

e RbgC a ed I m

P i kç ú en aHb M N gn w g[T Tw kk ñ ú gT w k

E pn dI ena H

r Em gCa T w k c M e B aHEtP i kç ú e na H

b : u e N Ñ aH . Ca Epnd I d l ; C nd ¾ e ss . elI Epnd I e na H m nu s S k ¾ K g; ed I r eTAmk)an . yan Ta M gL ay k¾ RbRB w t þ e TA ) an .


- 335 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 336 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

s U m ,I ks i k m μ Ca ed I m k ¾ eF V I ) an dU c K ñ a . Rbs i n e bI P i k ç ú e nH bM Ngfa

E pn dI enHcU reT A Ca Tw k dl ; C n T aM g e n a Hc u H

.

G F i d æ anv tß ú t a m R) a fñ aC a ed I m fa

e TA t am ka rGF i d æ ane naH É g

k M N t ; T u k d¾ e ss

dl ; Pi kç ú en aHb : u eN Ñ a H

ni g kñ ú gRs HC ae dI m

tam

R b R kt I k¾ rE mgCaEpnd I v i j . k ñ ú gbT en Hf a

] Te kb i

n i gGeNþ I k GPiC¢maen

Kcäti

ed I r eTA

m an GF i b , ayd U cte TA en H

el I T w km i n l i c c u H ) an

.

el ak

eBaldl; T w k EdlCan; e lI e hI y li c fa Pi C ¢ m anM KW Tw k Ebk . Tw k pÞ ú y Kñ a nw g Ebk

.

Pi k ç ú b M N geTAy: a genH

l u H ecj eh I y kM Nt ; f a T I Rb ma Nb: u eNÑ H cu H

s U mT w k e n H cU r kø a ye T A C aEp n d I kñ ú g

eh I y e F V I b ri k m μ

d U ceB aleh I y e na H Ég

cU l bzvI k si N

.

Tw k

Kb ,I G F i d æ ane day n½ y

r Em g kø ay CaE pnd I k ñ ú gT I t am

E dlk M N t; RBm C am Y y k arG Fi dæ a n . P i kç ú en aH

ed I rel I T w k e n a Hd U c ed I r el I E pnd I

e dI re TA Et mü : agen aH eT )an

.

Pñ M

n i ged I m

Twk

e n a HrE mg kø a yCa E pn d I

rE m gC aT w kdl ; C nd ¾ e ss

.

RtI

r E m g Rta c ; e TA t ames ck þ I

n i gE k ¥ k T w kC ae dI m

Rbsi n ebI P i k ç ú e nHR)afñ a nw g eFV I E pndI e naHdl; m nu s S

eBjci t þ . T a M g L ay

.

.

k ¾ rEmgeF V I )a n

.

E t rE m gC a Tw ke RB aHk n ø g k al

E dl)an k M N t; Tu k . bTfa

Gakaesbi

b l ø e gá n

c g á m ti

eh aHeT AB§ d¾

Gakask¾ ) an KW eTAÉGakasTaM g EPñ n edayCM u v i j B§ d ¾ G akas k ¾ ) an . bTfa

b kç I

s k u e Na

KW

b kS I ma nsø ab

m i nEmn

b k SI Edlmans ø a bm i n bri b U rN _ b ¤ bk SI ) ak ; s ø a b . e R B a H f a .

m i n Emn

Gac[s e Rm c\r i y a bfta m R )a f ñ a

. m i n Emn eFV I [ e TACaE pnd I E tm ü : a gb : u e N Ñ a H

m as

eQ I ed ayn ½ y dU ceB aleh I y )a ne T ot p g . rE m gRb RB w tþ

rE mg eT AC aT w kE tm þ g . RK a kn ø g k al Edl kM N t; Tu k T I E dl ev orT w k k ñ ú g qñ a M g

E kv m NI

.

en An w k

b k SI en aH

m i n Ga ceh I reT A ka n; B § d ¾ G a kas ) a n

b M N gn w geT A ka n; B § d ¾ G akasy : a g en H

.

Pi kç ú Gñ k

c U l bzv I k s i N

lu H

ecjehI y . Rbsi n ebI R )afñ a nw g GgÁ ú y ehI y eTA . KY r kM N t;


- 337 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 338 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

xñ a tblø ½ g á eFV I b ri k mμ e hI y GFi d æ a n edayn½ y dU c eBalehI y . e bI b M N gnw g edkeh I y e TA

.

e bI b M N gnw g ed I r

.

smK Y ry : a gen H

ed ayRbkard U e c ñ H

K Y rkM Nt ; x ñ a t E R K

K Y rkM Nt ; ry ³p ø Ú v

Gakasc U rk ø ay C aE pn dI

.

.

K b, I G F i d æ an fa

cu H kñ ú gTI Te T

\embi

k ñ ú gbT en Hf a

cnÞimsuriey

e da yn ½ y dU ceB aleh I y e n aH É g .

T a M g enH Edlman bJ T § i eRc I n ma nGa n u P aB e R cI n ed ay édk ¾ ) an K b ,I RCabesckþ I d U c teTAenH rbs ; RBH cn Þ RBH GaT i t ü e ya Cn _

¬

4 2> 00 0

.

K b ,I RCab ka rm an bJ T § i e RcI n

e d ayk a re K ac r rh U t b Y n m W u n B I r B an ; e y a Cn_

¦

.

P ñ M ni ge dI meQ I C ae dI m E dle kI t t a m rd U v kal . b ¤ n aK n i g

e da yk a rbeB a© j Bn ø W kñ ú gxN³EtmY y

R K ú D C aed I m

e R cI ned ayk a re K ac r eT Ax a gel I

e na H

.

s ag Tu k

.

e dI m, I ) aneX I j vt ß ú T a M g

k¾ kaleXI j v tß ú T a M g e n a Heh I y

K b ,I cU l QanCa)aT

K Y re F V I y: a gN a

l u H ecjeh I y eF V I

brikmμfa

?

sU mv tß ú

T a M g e n aH cU r C a Ga k asc u H eh I y GF i dæ an . m ü : a ge T ot

s U m, I n w g c u H kñ ú gT I T eT

.

eRB aHdU e cñ a H

karman Gan u P a Be Rc I n 3

TVIb

.

b ¤ m an bJ T§ i

n i gb eBa © j Bn ø W e d ayGakar

y : agen H . m a nGan u Pa Be Rc I n edayka rmanbJ T § i e R cI nenaH ² Ég . bTfa bramsti KW sÞ a b b¤ c ab; B al; k ñ ú g cM E NkmY y .

k¾ KY rmanTi B V ck ç ú

.

eRBaHRbsi n ebI P i k ç ú e nHcu H gU t Tw k b¤ T I T V a rpÞ H Edlmi n EmnTeT . n w gR)akddl ; m h a Cn

ÉvMmhiTY§iek ÉvM

m h an u P aev s Þ a bGEg¥ l ca b; B al ; R B H cn Þ RBHGaT i t ü s U m , I

eRBaHehtu G V I ? eRBaHkñ ú g cenø a HenaH rEmgman

hYgEhg

ed ayRbkar

sU m

m ü : a ge T ot P i kç ú b M N gn w g e T Ak an ; B § d ¾ G a kas K b ,I )a n .

eh I y ev orTI m i n TeT en aH

dUecñH .

lu H kM Nt ; TI t am

Gakask ¾ n w g k ø ay Ca Ep nd I RBmC a mY yka r GFi d æ ane naH É g .

Ti B V c kç ú p g

TiBVckçú

sm ø w g em I l e day

bTfa bri m C¢ t i KW sÞ a bdU c sÞ a bépÞ k Ba© k ; e dayCM u v i j . m ü : a ge T ot

b J T § i r bs ; P i kç ú e na H

r Em gse R mc ed ay

G M N a cénQa n manGPi B aØ a Ca )a T . kñ ú gb J T § i e n H mi n ni ym


- 339 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

- 340 - Gdækfa \T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs

k si N s ma b tþ i . Rbs i n eb I faP i k ç ú en HR)af ñ an w geT As Þ a b .

GaTi t ü rEmgmanCaRbRktI . dU c mNÐ l RBHcnÞ rEmgR)akd

k ¾ eT AsÞ ab) a n

dl ; fas TaM g Gs ; EdleBj ed ayTw kT a M g 1

.

e bI R ) a fñ a GgÁ ú y

RBHGaT i t ü e n H . k¾ GFi dæ an f a mkkan; T I ) atédeyI g cu H

.

G E g¥ l RB Hc n Þ R B H Ga Ti t ü éd

¦

b ¤ e dks Þ a bGEg¥ l RBH cn Þ

s U m RB Hc nÞ

RBHGaT i t ü cU r

edaykmø a M g GFi d æ a n

Pi k ç ú n w g sÞ a b

[m kR ) a kddl ; G n Þ a k; é d ¬ )at

d U c E p ø e tñ a tF ø ak; G M B I ed I m dU e cñ aH

.

b ¤ l U k éde TAsÞ a b

G E g¥ l ) an . m ü : a ge T ot

k al e b I P i k ç ú eQagéd eT A] )aTi n ñ k³ .

Gn u )a Ti nñ k³ eQa ge TA

b¤ f a eRBaH

G a Rs ½ y ] ) aT i n ñ k ³ . Pi k ç ú eF V I y : ag en H m i n Em nsÞ ab GE g ¥ l RB HGaT i tü )a nE tm ü : a ge n a He T

Rbdab; CU t eC I g

n i gk a rb eB a© j B nø W rbs ; R B H cn Þ

k ¾ t a M g T u k R tg ; e C I g )a n

.

eFVItaMgGgÁúy

k ¾ ) an . e FV I E R Ked k k¾ ) an . eF V I e xñ I y ek I y k ¾ ) an . e F V I y: a gdéT eT o tk¾ d U cK ñ a

.

s U m ,I P i k ç ú m Y y EsnGg Á

s U m ,I e FV I

y : ag en H b J T § i rbs ; P i k ç ú T a M g e n aH r E m gs e Rm cy: ag ena H dl ; G g Á n i m Y y ² b u : eNÑ a H

.

k¾ ma nC a RbRk t I

bTfa

yav

R B h μ e l akab i

kaeyn

e R bI GM N a cp Ú ø v ka yeT Arh U t RBh μ e l akk ¾ ) an

r v a gé n k a reR b I GM N a c

KW

vsM

k ar e Ka c re FV I B nø W rbs ; RB Hc nÞ

RB H

v et þ t i

esckþ I fa

e hI yj ú a M gG P i B a Ø a e RcI n y: a g

eFVI kñúg

P aB Ca \s S r³ pÚ ø v kayrbs ; x ø Ü n

cM E Nkesckþ I B i s þ a rkñ ú g ni e TÞ s enH e da yR b kar d U e cñ H .

¬ cb; Gdækfa\T§iviFBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

.

nw g manc,as; k ñ ú g \T§ i k fa

e bI R) a fñ ae FV I [C a .

.

y : agN a . )a di h a ry _ e nH k ¾ m an ] b ma dU ecñ a H .

RBh μ e l ak[ C aT I k M N t ;

G n u ) aT i n ñ k³ eQageT A

R B H cn Þ

k a re K ac r

B an ; fas


- 341 - Gdækfa esatFatuvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

- 342 - Gdækfa esatFatuvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa esatFatu v i s u T § i B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

e da ybT enH KW el akeB aldl ; s M e L gEdll ¥ i té R kEl g .

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y d U ct eT AenH

.

Pi k ç ú E dlCaGaT× k mμ i k bM N gnw g jú a M g jaNenH[ekI t cU l Qan

kñ ú ges at Fa t u v i s u T§ i B aØ a Nn i e T Þ s

el ak eB albTm an C aGaT × f a

¬

sTÞanM

m u n dM b U g Kb , I n w k dl; s M e Lge RKatRKat

ed I m , I c g ¥ ú l bgð ajdl ;

Caed I m

G ñ k eF V I k m μ C ael I kd M b U g

dl ; s M e L gE dll¥ i td ¾ é R kEl gt aml M d a b;

B ¤ s M eLgTa M gL ays U m , I k ñ ú g TI q ¶ a y ] ) ay rbs ; P i kç ú Edl CaGaT× km μ i k ³

TUerbi

EdlmanGPi B aØ a Ca)aT lu H ecjehI y manci t þ C abri k mμ s maFi mansM e L gs I h ³

kñ ú g T I q ¶ ay CaKn ø g é n Rt e c o k t am RbR k tI

.

Kb , I n w k

taMgBIsMeLg

e R Ka t R Ka tT aM g B Y g y : a g e n H KW s M e L grKaM g k ñ ú g v t þ s M e L g

b M N gn w gj ú a M gT i B V es at[e kI t ¦ . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaHbTfa TU e rbi sTÞ a nM sTÞ n i m i t þ M sM e Lg

sÁ r sM e Lgs½ g ç sM e LgsV a Füayrbs; s ameNr ni g sM e Lg

C a ni mi tþ é ns M e L gT aM g Lay s U m , I k ñ ú g TI q ¶ a y KW s M e L gkñ ú g

P i k ç ú kM e l aHE dlsV a Füa y e d a yk M l a M g Ta M gG s; s M e L gman

r v a gé n sM eL gT aM gL ay k ñ ú gT I q¶ ay

C a G aT × f a

e na H Ég

.

Bi t Nas ;

Ca sT Þ n i m i t þ e d ayG M N ace FV I Ca ni mi t þ

el akeB al fa

TUer

k ¾ ) andl;

.

sMeLg

sUm,Ikal

k ñ ú g TI Edl CaKn ø géns M e L g

» La r i k a n M

KW

s M e L ge RKa tRKa t

.

bT fa

s u x u m a n M KW s M e L gl¥ i t . bTfa

.

GV I G av u e s a

.

rbs ; P i k ç ú E dl

eB al kf at a m Rb Rkt I s M e L g bk S I s M e L gx ül; s Rmi be CI g s M e L gT w k B u H

s M e L gsø w ke tñ a t g ab ; e RB aH k M e dA éf ¶

sMeLg

R se ma ce xμ A Rs e m a cRk h mv a rC ae dI m .

t a m Rb R kt I e na H Ég . bTfa

GV I e l akm © a s ;

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.

PikçúEdlmnsikar

Kb,I


- 343 - Gdækfa esatFatuvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

mnsi k a red ay c i t þ RbRBw t þ e T Akñ ú gm en aT V a r

- 344 - Gdækfa esatFatuvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

e d ayk a re p Þ óg

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R)akddl; P i k ç ú E dlmanci t þ C aRbRktI

.

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.

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me n a T V a r avC ¢ n ³

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e TA k ñ ú g ct u t ß CÄ an C a rU ) av c r rE m gs Þ ú He TA .

GPi B aØ a jaN Pi k ç ú r Emgdw g Gtß e daykamavcrci t þ C axageRkay .

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.

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e Qμ aH fa

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es a

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- 345 - Gdækfa esatFatuvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

- 346 - Gdækfa esatFatuvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs

E dlCaT i B V m a n e s ckþ I d U cteT Aen H . eQμ a H f a T i B V e RB aH d U cK ñ an w g Ti B V

.

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es ø s μ _

bsa T e s a tF atu C aT i B V e RBa H p u t c ak ]b ki e ls n i g Qa m Ca ed I m

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.

s u N a ti

KW

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e RB a HeTv taTa M gLay ek I t

e da yk M l aM g é n kar ce Rm I n es c kþ I B üayamrbs ; P i kç ú e nH

e RB a H

eh t u e n aH eT I b eQμ a Hfa T i B V eRB aHdU c K ñ a nw gT i B V .

rbs ; m nu s S

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k ñ ú gc RkvaLd éT n i g k ñ ú gT I C i teda yT I b M pu t sU m, I s M e L gst V

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eQ μ a H fa e s at F atu .

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seTÞ

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ekIt

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e RB aH dU ec ñ aH

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edayesatFatu E dl CaT i B V en aH .

bTfa v i s u T § a y KW bri s u T § × m i n ma n] bk i e ls . bTfa

Gtikánþmanusikay

b ri s u T § × kn ø g e s at r bs ; m n u s S ]bcarrbs;mnusS

KW

e da yT i B V e s atFat u d ¾ ed ayT i B V e s atEdl kn ø g

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¬ cb; GdækfaesatFatuvisuT§iBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 347 - Gdækfa ecetabriyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 348 - Gdækfa ecetabriyBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa ecetabri y BaØ a Nni e TÞ s

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K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú gec e ta b ri yB aØ aNn i e TÞ s ma nd U c t e T Ae n H e nH

bTfa

es ck þ I fa

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el ah i t enaHrEmgm anBN ’ l ¥ k ;

ns S RbRB w t þ eT A

.

eb I Ca eT am -

rEmgmanBN ’ e x μ Al¥ k; d U c BN ’ E pø RB I g T M u

e bI k u s l]e bk ç a Rb RB w t þ eT A

rE mgmanBN ’ f ø ad U ce Rb gl ¶

. .

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.

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.

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?

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k al e c e t ab ri y B a Ø a Ne na H m an km ø aM gy : ag en H P i kç ú rE mg dw g

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.

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rEmgeX I j hTyr U b r bs;

nrNa ? rEmgsmø w g emI l vi k arén\®nÞ i y


- 349 - Gdækfa ecetabriyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 350 - Gdækfa ecetabriyBaØaNnieTÞs

rbs; n rN a ? e q ø I y f a m i n sm ø w g em I l rbs; n rN a ²

K W G tß fa r Y b rY m .

en H Cav i s ½ y rbs ; Gñ k

kñ ú g bTenaH ci t þ s hKtedayelaP³ 8 y: a g eQμ a Hfa

manb J T § × KW P i k ç ú r B J k dl ; c i tþ k ñ ú g T I N a ² rEmgdw g c i tþ

16

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nig


- 351 - Gdækfa ecetabriyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 352 - Gdækfa ecetabriyBaØaNnieTÞs

] T§ c © ³ ed ay G M N a cCa É keh t u k ³ r bs; emah³ eQμ aHf a ci t þ manemah³ . Gku s l ci t þ s U m, I T a M g 12 y : ag Kb ,I R Cabf a eQ μ a H fa

c i tþ m an e m ah ³

e RB a He ma h ³ e kI t k ñ ú gG k u s lTa M g

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R b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gP U m i

n i g G r U ) av cr c i t þ 3

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s U m , I T aM g Gs ;

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.

ci t þ

RbePT 16 y : ag . bu f u C ¢ n TaM g Lay

rEmgmi n dw g mKÁ c i t þ

RBHGri y ³T a M g L ay . s U m , I R BH G ri y ³ f ñ a k; T a b ² k¾ mi nd w g m KÁ c i tþ n i g plc i tþ rbs ; R B H G ri y ³f ñ ak; x < s ; ²

ni g c i t þ E dlCa Gb ,n a

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smaFi . ci t þ E dlmi n dl; T aM g BI r y: a g Caci t þ m i n mansmaFi .

b di bsS T§ i v i m u t þ i

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.

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dUecñH .

¬ cb; GdækfaecetabriyBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

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ni g plci t þ r bs;

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c i t þ E dl Tak ; Tged ay] T§ c © ³ Cac i t þ raymay . r U )avcrci t þ

P i kç ú Edl )an ecetabr i y B a Ø a N


- 353 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa bu e BV n i v asanu s ßti B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

- 354 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

rEmgeX I j c M ENkxage dI m rbs ; C a t i

e da yk a re XI j

b di c © s m u b , aT y: agenH . karmns i ka r bd i c © s mu b, aT m a n K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y eTAenH

.

y: a genH e na H

k ñ ú g b u e B V n i v asan u s Sti B aØ aNd U c t

b T m an Ca G aT × fa

ÉvM

b C a n a ti

]bkar³eRcI n dl; b u e BV n i v asanu s Sti B aØ a N edayRbkardU e cñ H .

P i kç ú d w g c,as ;

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge naH bTenHfa \ m s μ w s t i \ T M e h a t i /

RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r eBaledI m ,I s Emþ g vi F I [ ekI t \T§ i ) aT

\msS ú b , aT a \ T M ]b, C ¢ t i k al v tß ú e nH man v t ß ú en HrEmgman

dl; n rN aed I m , I j ú a M gb u e B V n i v asa nu s St i B a Ø aN[ ek I t

dl ; ci tþ E dl Gb ; rM ehI y k ñ ú g \T § i )a T 4 .

e RB aHv t ß ú enHe kI teL I g

eL I gb ri y ayesckþ I bd i c© s mu b, aT

B i t N as ; P i k ç ú kaleXI j bdi c © s m u b, aT ed ayl M d ab;

G V I e TI beB al CaB I ry : a g

n am r U b sL ay tn³ p sS³ ni gevTna .

K ñ ae da yGtß .

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se g ç b rbs ; e h tu en aH . rEmgeX I j se g ç b é neh tu k ñ ú gPBT I 3 EdlCabc © ½ y é n se g ç b rbs ; p l en aH .

.

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eqøIyfa

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se Rmcesck þ I e d ayBaküNam Y y énbTT aM g e n a H

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- 355 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 356 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

ekI t eRBaHbc© ½ y mi n ekI t eRBaHmi n manbc© ½ y Fm’ T aM g LayenaH

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e RB aH

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e pS g Kñ aé nka re k I t eLI g r bs ; b c© ½ y Ta M gGs ; . b T e n H fa \ T M ] b, C¢ t i v tß ú e nH rE mg ek I teL I g K W vt ß ú

m ü : a ge T ot m an Gt ß fa Ca]bkar³ Ca bc© ½ y . Gvi C¢ a e n a HC a

e nH ma nb c© ½ y ek I teL I g e TI be kI t . bTenHeB alsEmþ gdl ;

b c© ½ y p g

b c© ½ yT aM gG s; ekI teL I g eT I b ek I teL I gtG M B I e na He TA . ed ay

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ma neh I y

Caed I m E dlsm μ ti f a e T og k ñ ú gel ak C ae h tu .

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bTfa y T i T M C aB a küc g ¥ ú l bgð aj Gt ß E dlK Y rR )a b; .

e nA eQ μ a Hf a T u k ç . karTas ; c i tþ eQμ aHf a e T am ns S .

kñ ú g bTenHfa Gvi C ¢ a bc© y a sgç a ra eRBaHGvi C ¢ a Cabc© ½ y

k a r ce g¥ ótcg¥ l ; c i tþ y : agéRkEl g eQμ a Hf a ] ) a y as .


- 357 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 358 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gbT en Hf a s m Ö v n þ i rE mg m an KW rE m ge kI t .

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/

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E dlCaeht u énT u kç edaym i n dw g kñ ú gsm u T ½ y .


- 359 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 360 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

mü:ageTot

PikçúEdlmankarsmÁal;kñúgkarrlt;Tukç

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s U m ,I l ayL M e d ayeT asd ¾ e R cI n man C at i Cra e raK mrN ³

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xus

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RB Hs a rI b u tþ etß reB alT u kf a

ey I gn w g k an;


- 361 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

y kbT e n Hmu n f a

GviC¢a

é nsg ç arTa M g L a y b c© ½ yénsg ç a r eB al fa

sgçaranM

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b¤ f as U m ,I ma nFm ’ d éTe T otC a bc © ½ y

k ñ ú gbT en H

- 362 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

.

G vi C ¢ a Etm ü : a gb : u e N Ñ a H C ab c© ½ y

Ca nw g v aT ³

B i t N as ;

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e RB aH CaRb Fan kñ ú gT I R K b ; k En ø g

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RCabfa

k ¾ rE m gm an

manvtß ú C aGarmμ N _ ni g Fm’ e kI t rY m Kñ a CaedI m BY k déTeTot elak

C a bc © ½ y

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Ékehtu p l T I b en G e tß a .

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mñ alP i kç ú Ta M g

RCabRbeyaCn_ k ñ ú g karsEmþ g ehtu p lEtmY y ² kñ ú g TI T aM g BY g


- 363 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 364 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

eda ykarBarkarsEm þ g e h tu plEt m Y y ² en a H en a HÉg . k ñ ú gbT en H R B Hs a rI b u t þ et ß reB alf a e bI dU ec ñ a H s PaB é nGv i C¢ a s gç a r

m an eT as Ca pl

n i gG a enB a¢ a Pi s gç a r

G M eBAmi ne kI t BI B U Ces þ A ) a n

m i n K Y r R )a f ñ a C ab c © ½ yén b u B aØ a Pi n w gR t w mRtÚ v y : a gN a .

.

c av i r u e T § a

T a M g La ye n a HT a M g Gs ;

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e RB aH

b u K Á l Nav e g V g k ñ ú g s gS arE dl m an cu t i

n w geB alRt w m RtÚ v )a ny : a g

n i g ] b , tþ i k ñ ú g l k ç N ³ éns g ç a r T a M g L ay n i g k ñ ú g F m ’ E dl G aR s ½ y K ñ a e kI t eL I g .

N a ? e RB a H kñ ú gel a k virueT§

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Fm ’ T a M g e na Hm i n Emn

v i ) ak E tm ü: a gk ¾ e TEd r .

y : a ge n aH . d U c b u K Á l x V a k; E Pñ k B I k M e N I t m i n m a nG ñ k naM p ø Ú v R K a x ø H k ¾ e T A R t Ú v p ø Ú v R K a x ø H k ¾ e T Ax u s p ø Ú v y:agNa .

e da yR b kar d U e cñ H K b, I RCabfa Gvi C ¢ a enHeT I b m an pl

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manGñ k E N n aM k ¾ d U e cñ a H . R Ka x ø H k ¾ e FV I b u N ü

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RKax ø H k¾ e FV I ) a b .

b c© ½ yén es ck þ I x u s n i gm i n x u s ed ayzan³ k i c© n i gs Pav ³

kaleb I b u K Á l e naHd w g F m ’ e h I y Rtas ;


- 365 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 366 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

d w g G ri y s c © k a l e n aH n w g R t a c ; e T Ay : a g s ¶ b ;

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bTfa s g ç a r b , c© y a v i B a Ø a N M e RB aHs g ç a r Ca b c © ½ y e TI bm anv i B a Ø aN

esc k þ I f a

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rEm g Rb RBw tþ eT Akñ ú gbB a© ev akar-

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.

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k ñ ú gvi B a Ø a NT a M g e n aH

nw g f a

karXøateTABIPB

rEmgminmandl;


- 367 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 368 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

v i B a Ø aNe na H v i B a Ø aNev oreh tu G M B I PB

el akeB alT u kk ñ ú g bT en Hf a

enaH k ¾ mi nman .

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elakGFi b ,ayfa vi B aØ a NenHekI t eLI g GaRs½ y rU b Fm’

B I C an M G Pi s g ç a e r a

naB a Ø s S n c GB a Ø e t a Éts S tß s S s a Fe k a .

n i gn am Fm ’ C a bc © ½ y E dl )aneh I y r E m gcU l dl ; PBdé T mi n

plNakñ ú g s nþ a n ple n Hmi n Em nr bs ; k mμ déT

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CakarB i ca rN ax ø w m s a ren H .

k a r R )a kd rbs ; v i B a Ø aN kñ ú gel aken H k ¾ ma nm i n ) an cuti

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ed aykarX ø at eTA m an mu n

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kar

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rl t; eT A

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ni g eRkayBI k arRbRBw t þ


- 369 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 370 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

e TA . bBa ð a k mμ en aH Kb, I e qø I y tb Gñ ks Y r enaHy: a ge n Hf a c

n i c © p l avh a

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n

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b c© ½ y

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evTna

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s gç a r

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ni g GrU b kç n § 3

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Gñ k mi nman Pav ³

Kb,I R Cabfa eRBaHvi B aØ a N

C a bc © ½ y eT I b m an n amrU b . b E n ß m P avT s k³ é n s tV Edlman P av r U b eT I b C aFm ’ 33 .

KW

kñúgxN³énbdisn§i

e TB Edl ra b ; b B a© Ú l kñ ú gBBY kR Bh μ C a

k ñ ú gb Nþ as tV Edl Ca»b)ati k³T a M g L ay

n i g G rU bkç n §

m ü : a ge T ot k ñ ú g ka m PB F m’ 7 3 T a M gen H KW rU b 7 0 )andl ;

c k ç ú T s k³

k a y T s k³

e satTs k³

v tß ú T s k³

» b) a ti k³ kþ I

PavTsk³

s M e s TC³ kþ I

Xan Tsk³

C i v ð aTs k³

kñ ú gxN³ bd i s n § i rbs ;

E dlm an G ayt n³ b ri bU rN _ t a m

s Pav ³ . n i gG rU b kç n § 3 . e Q μ a H f a e RB a Hv i B a Ø aNC ab c© ½ y e TI bm an nam r U b . e n H Ca e s c kþ I d¾ kM B U l . E te da yes ck þ I se g ç b

Kb , I R Cabkark M N t ; n amrU b

kñ ú g bdi s n§ i

e RB aHv i B a Ø aNC ab c© ½ y

eRBaHbnß y cu H mk edayGM N acénPaBmi n RbRktI

rbs ; T s k³ en aH² énn amrU b e n aH² . G rU bkç n§ 3 rbs ; F m ’ m i n m an rU b

1 GrUbkçn§ 3 )andl; evTnaxn§ sBaØaxn§ sgçarkçn§ .

nigCIviti®nÞiynvk³

3 . Kb, I RC a bf a e RBa Hv i B aØ aN Ca b c© ½ y eT I b m an n am rU b .

RCaberOgGñ k evjExS Cat Y y : a g . v i B a Ø a Nb , c © y a

vtßúTsk³

rbs; R B hμ k a yi k a

sgç a rT aM ge nHC a bc © ½ y e RB aH k areF V I m i n Em n

bTfa

F m ’ 42 Ta M ge nH KW rU b 3 9 KW c k ç ú T s k³ es at-

.

C I v i t i ®n Þ i y nv k³ en aH Ég

m an s B aØ a . kñ ú gbd i s n § i k ¾ m ann ½ y e n H .

Ca r U b r bs; F m ’ m i n


- 371 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gbT en aH d w g) an y: ag Na e q ø I yfa

K b ,I ma nB ak üsY rfa ?

b di s n§ i n am r U b

dw g)anedays U R t

- 372 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

RbkarenaHnw g Kb ,I

manv i B a Ø aC ab c © ½ y b¤

n i g y u kt i

¬

1 mn ay tn ³ 1 .

.

k ñ ú gbT en aH

K b ,I ma nB ak üsY rfa

RbkarenaHnw g Kb ,I

k a reB j c i t þ k ñ ú g

d w g) an y: ag Na f a n am rU b C ab c © ½ y dl; s Laytn³ . e q ø I y

ehtu p l ¦ . eRBaHkñ ú g sU R t sPaBevTnaCaedI m manvi B aØ a N

f a dw g )a n e RB aH k are kI tn am r U b . B i t N as ; Gaytn³enaH ²

C a bc © ½ y Ca T I B w g Ga Rs ½ y Kñ ae day cM E NkeRcI n t a mn ½ y ma n

rE mg ma nk ñ ú g k a re kI tén na m n i g rU b e n aH ² . mi nE mnman k ñ ú g

CaGaT× f a Fm’ T aM g LayRbRBw t þ e TAtamci t þ Etedayyu k ti f a

T I d éT .

Tiedæn

siCÄti

c i t þ e Cn h i r U e bn

\F

GTi d æ s S ab i r U b s S

v i B a Ø a N M bc © e y a \ t i .

bTfa

psS³y: a gs e gç b ma n

EdlekI t BI c i t þ e XI j ehI y kñ ú g TI e nHvi B aØ a N

b c© ½ y

eT I b m an s L ay tn ³

r U b kñ ú gT I e nH v tß ú

6

ed ayni y mm an

C I v i t i ®n Þ i y

1

.

s L ayt n M

11

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G ay tn ³

6

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e RB aH n am r U b C a

n am dU c)aneBaleh I y

e RB aH m ansL a-

6

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m a n c kç ú s m ö ½ s SCa

e dI m . ed ayB i s þ a rman 32 y : a g d U c v i B aØ aN .

Cabc© ½ ydl ; rU b s U m, I m i n ) ane XI j . n a m r U b , c© y a

pesSa

y tn ³ C abc© ½ y eT I b ma n psS³ es ck þ I f a H

esckþIBit viBaØaNrEmgseRmcedayrUb

bTfa

sL aytnb,c © y a

.

evTna

eRBaHmanpsS³Cabc© ½ y

e TI bm an evT na esck þ I fa ³ elakeBalevTna manckç ú s mö ½ s SCaevTnaCaedI m eday

Et

KW

mha P U t r U b

4

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KW

c k ç ay tn ³ V

1

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psSb,c© y a

evTn aT a M g enaH edayRb eP Tm an

6

Et kñ ú g TI en H

evT na

bTfa e v Tn a b c © y a t N ð a e RB aH ev T na C abc © ½ y eT I b


- 373 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 374 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

m an tN ð a es c kþ I fa H k ñ ú gT I e n H

bTfa

el aksEm þ g tN ð a

m an r U b tNð a C aed I m

t Nð a mY y

²

6

y : ag

m an

edayRbePT

3

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e d ay

sux

rEmgR)af ñ aes c kþ I s u x

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r EmgR ) af ñ a[m an esc kþ I s u x é RkElgeL I g

Et]ebkç a

C as u x Et mü : ag e RBa Hs ¶ b ; . eRBaHdUecñaH

evTna

RBHmanRBHPaKCa m© as ;

3

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E dlEs V g r kK u N d ¾ FM

tNð a bc© y a

e TI bm an ])a T an

esc k þ I f a

eT I b R t as; f a

b c© ½ y

])aTanM

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] ) a T a n b , c© y a

eT I b m an PB

.

e RB aHm an PB Ca bc © ½ y

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eT I b

e RB a Hm an km μ PB

C a bc © ½ y . R b si ne bI m an B aküs Y r fa

K b ,I dw g )an y: a gNafa

PB Cab c © ½ ydl ; C a t i

Rbkare naHn w g .

e q ø I yfa

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4

Peva

es ckþ I e pSgK ñ a

KW

ka mu ) aT an

1

e RB a Hm an ]) aT an Ca

k ñ ú gT I e nH el ak bM N gy kkm μ PB

E tel akeBal]b,tþ i PBe da yb M N gdl ; s ½ B Þ .

.

manefakT ab

ni g R bNI tCaed I m

r bs ; s t V

TaM g LaytaM g BI 100 KU sU m ,I k ñ ú g karesμ I K ñ a énbc© ½ y xageRkA m an b i t am at a

T i d æ ú ) aTan 1 sI l B V tu ) aTan 1 Gt þ v aT u ) aTan 1 . bTfa

Ca ti

CaedI m sU m ,I k ñ ú g karesμ I K ñ a edaybc© ½ y xageRkA elakk¾ s Emþ g

e RB aH m anevT na C ab c© ½ y eT I b man tN ð a . bTfa

KW

k ñ ú gbT en aH

GakarEdlRbRB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gevTnaenaH . G ñ km an Tu k ç

m an C ati

Pvb,c©ya

Q a ms n i g G ah a rC ae dI m . esc kþ I e pS g Kñ a

e na H m i n Em nC a Gehtu k³ e RB a Hm i n m an kñ ú gk al Ta M gBY g ni g dl ; s tV Ta M g BY g

.

mi n manehtu d éT

kñ ú g snþ a nrbs; s tV E dlekI t kñ ú g kmμ P BenaH

e RB aH eh tu en aH

m i n Em neht u déT eRkAG M B I km μ P B

eT I beQμ a Hf a

m an k mμ PBC a ehtu

e RBa H

.

Bit

eh I y k mμ C aehtu é nes ck þ I E b ø kK ñ a m an s P aB e f a kT ab ni g RbN I tC aed I m rbs; s tV Ta M gLay .


- 375 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

e da yeh tu e na H s et þ

viPCti

yTiTM

- 376 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

RB Hd ¾ m an RB H Pa K e T I b R tas ; f a h I n b ,N I t t a y

1

kmμM

b,ay fa ed I m , I s e RmcjaN en aH KW dl ; . b Tf a G e n -

k mμ rEm gE ck

k v i h i t M KW e R c I n y : ag . e Rc I n Rbkar . b ¤ Rb RB w tþ eT Aeh I y

s tV Ta M gLay KW [mans P aBe fak T ab n i g Rb NI t .

BN ’ n aeh I y ed ay Rb ka rm i n ti c .

kñ ú g bTmanCaGaT× f a Cati b ,c© y a CramrNM eRBaHman C a t i C ab c © ½ y

e TI bma n Cra

n i g m rN³

m an G Fi b, ay dU c t

bTfa b u B V n i v as M Cat i mu n K W sn þ anE dle nA k ñ ú g Ca t i e na H ² eF V I P Bk ñ ú g G tI t E d l Ci t C a TI bM pu t [ C ax ag e d I m .

e TA en H K b, I RCabfa eRBaHeb I m i n man Cati CramrN³ b ¤ f a F m ’ m an e s a k ³ C ae dI m k ¾ m i n m an

.

E t k al e bI m an Ca t i

C ra

bTfa G n u s S t i rEmgrB J ktamerOy ² edayGM N a c l M d ab ; x n § b ¤ ed ayG M N ac c u t i bd i s n § i . B i t ehI y C n T aM g

mrN³ ni g Fm’ T aM g Laymanesak³CaedI m EdlTak; T gCamY y

6 K W t i r ß I y _ 1 / s a v k Fmμ ta 1 / mhas avk 1

Cra mrN³ rbs ; b u K Á lBal E dl Rt Ú v T u kç Fm ’ e na H ² B al;

savk 1

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rBJ kdl ; Cat i mu n)an .

k¾ ma n

.

d U e cñ a H

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m rN³ n i g dl ; e sak³Caed I m . k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a

esa

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/

RBHbec© k Bu T § 1

k ñ ú gC nT aM ge na H tfa

Pavietn

cietþn

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kb,

.

m an bB aØ aTn ; e xS ay

mCÄimnikay ]bribNÑask³

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rE mg rB J k ) an

e RB aH eht u GV I

B i t N as;

40

e RB aH t i rß I y _

bB aØ a rbs ; t i rß I y _ T a M g e n a H

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1

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/ RBHsm< ú T § C am© a s; 1 rEmg

t i r ß I y _ T a M g L ay

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/

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100

kb,x ø H

1 > 00 0

kb,x ø H eRB aH ma nbBa Ø a cas ; kø a . m h as av k 80 rU b

rB J k


- 377 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 378 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

) a n 1 Esn kb , . G K Á s a v k T a M gBI r rB J k ) an 1 G s -

k ¾ dU c Kñ a

egçyü

RtÚ v rBJ k tamlM d ab; x n§

nig

G s e gç yü

1

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nig

1

bec© kBu T§ Ta M ge na H

.

E s n k b,

R B H b e c© k B u T § .

rB J k ) an

2

e RB aH GPi ni h a r rbs ; R B H

ma n Rb ma NRt w men H

.

Et

RBHsm<úT§

C a m © a s ; T a M g L ay rB J k ) an mi nman k M N t ; . m ü : a ge T ot b : u e N Ñ aH

p u t GM B I l M d ab ; e n aHeT A

e RB aH f a

cM E Nk

RBHB u T § C a m © a s ; T a M g Lay

RB HBu T§ C am © a s ; T aM gL ay

x a ge Rk a m

KW

k al kn ø g k þ I

RTg; R)a f ñ az an ³Na

x a gel I

KW

rB J k ) an ta ml M d ab ; x n §

m i n G ac rB J k dl; c u t i

nig

R ) a fñ a zan³N a ² RTg; Q an cU l e TAk ñ ú g za n ³ e n aH ² e d ay

dU c mnu s SxV a k; E Pñ k BI k M e NI t

mi n e)aHbg; e QI R ct;

jaNrbs; R BHBu T § C am© a s; T aM g enaH

eh I y ed I reT Ad U e c ñ a H .

e TA dl; cu t i b di s n§ i

m i n eT I s Tak ; kñ ú g Ca t i

rBJ k )ansU m ,I t amlM d ab; x n§ .

m h as avk

rUb

rEmgQan

k ¾ y : agena H

k ñ ú gc en ø a H

d U c Cas I h ³

.

RbRBw t þ e TAehI y y: a genH ²

r E m g kan ; y kza n³Edl

R T g; R)af ñ a .

.

k¾ b Nþ a CnTaM g 6 enH rBJ k dl; C ati m u n ehI y kareXI j

c M ENk G K Á s a v k T aM g B I r mi nman ki c © R t Ú v rB J k t aml M d ab ; x n§

Cati m u n rbs; B Y k ti r ß I y _ rEmgR)akddU c CaBnø W s tV G M B i l GM E Bk .

KW

rbs ; s av kF m μ t a d U cC aB nø W Rb TI b . r bs; m has av k d U cC a

eXI j cu ti rbs ; Gtþ P aB mY yeh I y

80

kñúg

RBHB u T § Ca m © a s; Ta M gLay RTg ; b M RB Ü j e kadi kb ,d ¾ e R cI n eh I y

G M N a cén ka rQ an eT Ar bs ; RBHB u T § Ca m© as ;

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²

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.

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b di s n§ i )a neL I y lM d ab; x n§

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.

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Bn ø W K b; ePø I g

rbs ; Gñ kd éT eT ot k¾ rEm ge XI j bd i s n § i p g . R B H b e c© k B u T §

rbs ; RBH bec © kB u T § d U c C a rs μ I RB H c½ n Þ . rbs; R BHB u T § Ca m © a s;

.

r bs ; R BHGkÁ s av k

d U cC arsμ I pá ay RBw k

.


- 379 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

rEmgR)akddU c CamNÐ l RBHGaTi t ükñ ú g srTkal

- 380 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

Rbdab; e day

rsμ I mY yBan ; d Y g .

es nas n³

k a r rB J k dl ; C a ti mu n rbs t i rß I y _ e dI eT Aed ayeQI R ct ; e da ym aneQI R c t;

d U c ed I rel I s < an

b i N Ð )a Rt

rbs ; R B Hm has av k

d U c ed I r el I s < an

eB aFi

rbs ; RBH bec© kB u T §

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rbs ; RBHB u T § Ca m© as ;

d U ced I rta mp ø Ú v reT H FM

elak b M N gyk

.

.

k ¾ k ñ ú g GF i k ar

y : ag en H

C i t rH

Pi k ç ú Edl CaGaT i k m μ i k ³

RtL b ; B I bi N Ð ) a R t

bM N g rBJ kdl ;

q a n; Gahareh I y

e T A kñ ú g T I

e vla q an ;

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rh U t dl; l ag ) a Rt

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ni ged I m

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kñ ú g b zm y a m

.

ki c © Rbm aN

b : u e N Ñ H rEm gR)a kd dl ; s U m, I d l ; c i tþ RbRktI . c M ENkci t þ k ñ ú gb r i k mμ s m a Fi rEmgR)akdéRkElgeLI g e TA

e RB aH dU ecñ aH

evl ae cjB I v t þ

t a M gGM B I T T Y l )a R t

k a r rBJ k dl ; C a ti m u n r bs; RBH sav k

T a M g L ay .

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r bs; s av k Fmμ ta

. .

d U cm nu s SxV a k; EP ñ k

e da ysμ geC I g . r bs ; R B H GK Á s av k d U c ed I rel I s < anreT H .

e nH

l M d ab ; e d ayRKb ; s B V y : ag en H K W Rk alG asn³ cU l eTAkan;

R bsi n eb I m i n man GV I

C a ) aT e T ot

²

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c i t þ R )akddU c C aR bT I b Edl manBn ø W s V a gés V

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s ¶ a t; c U l Qan 4 taml M d ab ; l u H ecj cakctu t ß CÄ an Edl

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ed ay n½ y dU c

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10

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k a r rB J k dl ; r hU tb di s n § i r bs ; x ø Ü n k ñ ú gPBenH KW 10 q ñ a M 20


- 381 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

qñaM

- 382 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

Kb, I rB J k dl; namrU b Edl Rb RB w tþ eT Ak ñ ú gxN³cu t i k ñ ú gPB

mun .

m i n G ac k ab ; e dI meQ I F M ed ayB U e fAmu tE dlr i l k a t ; E mk

B i t N as ; v ar ³T I m Y y eh I y

P i k ç ú Edl qø a t

l u H ) ane XI j bdi s n§ i k ñ ú g

k ¾ l μ m nw ge F V I namrU b [ Ca Ga r m μ N _

.

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n i gsø w kb : u eN Ñ a H

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yUr

ed I meQI FM e n aHn w g d ac; )a n

m an bB aØ aTn ; e xS ay

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.

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k a b;

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C a rU ) av c r

b di s n§ i bu : e N Ñ a H

k n ø g bd i s n § i r bs ; P i kç ú e na Heh I y

) an e XI j bd i s n § i e d aym i n yW ty U r

e F V I na m rU bkñ ú gxN ³c u ti [ C aGa rm μ N _

.

e dI m, I

d U c C ab u rs Gñ k m a n

kmø a M g kab; e dI m eQI F M edI m ,I R beyaCn_ d l; C hV a pÞ H kM B U l sU m ,I

j aNe nH CaGt I t gS -

m i n R tÚ v

.

k ¾ kñ ú gk alN a

men aT V arav C¢ n³Q an

e F V I n am rU bE dl Rb RB w t þ e TA

eh I y k ñ ú gxN³ c u t i [Ca Garm μ N _ e k I t eLI g

G b ,n ac i tþ r Emg

e k I t eLI g e da yn ½ y d U c eB alehI y k ñ ú geBlm u n . kñ ú g k al


- 383 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 384 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

enaH jaNEdlsm,yu t þ e dayci t þ e naH rbs; P i k ç ú e naH eQμ a H

kñ ú g vi v dþ ³

fa

e na H Ca mU l

b u e B V n i v as an u s St i B a Ø a N

.

P i kç ú rE mg rB J kdl ; C a t i m u n

e da yst i E dlsm,y u tþ ed ayj aNen a H . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bT fa

e sy ü fI T M

sE mþ gdl ; R bePTEdlR)arB § e h I y

.

m an C aGaT × f a

Ékm,i

Catw

m Y y C at i x ø H

KW

eT I b eBalbT x n§ s nþ a n E d l

Cab; k ñ ú g PBmY y manbdi s n§ i C amU l mancu t i C abri e yasan . kñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a eT V b i C a t i e y a B I r Ca ti x ø H k ¾ m an

k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a

eQ μ a H fa

G e n e kb i

sMvdþkeb,

m an G Fi b, ayd U cteT AenH

s M v d þ k b,

e RB a Hk ñ ú g R K ae na H

.

rh U t

kb,v i n a s

s tV Ta M gBY g R b CM u Kñ a

k ñ ú gRB hμ el ak . k b , c e Rm I n eQ μ a H fa v i v d þ k b, e RB aH k ñ ú g RKaenaH

s tV Ta M gLay ecj c akRBh μ e l ak

e b I d U e cñ H e l ak rE mg k M N t; G s -

m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g Lay kb ,m Y y m an 4 Gse gç yü

KW

rh U t kalenaH

m i n g ayn w gr a b ; . m ñ a l

Pi kç ú Ta M gL ay

kñ ú g k alN a

taM gen A

.l.

s M v d þ kb ,

m ñ a lP i kç ú T a M g L ay

k b, ce Rm I n

.l.

kñ ú g

mñalPikçú

TaM g Lay kñ ú g kalNavi v dþ k b,taM g enA . rhUtkalenaH kñ ú gk b, Ta M g e n a H

mi ngaymanGñ krab; )an s M v d þ k b,

ma n

1

3

. KW

e te C a-

s M v d þ ³ 1 / Gae)as M v d þ ³ 1 / v aeyas M v d þ ³ 1 . s M v d þ s I m a

e l ak k an ;

y k ka r ta M g e n A kñ ú gsM v d þ kb , ed ays M v d þ kb, n i gk a r taM g e n A

/ 4 Gse g ç y ü dU cem þ c ?

mñ a lPi k ç ú T aM g Lay kñ ú g kalNakb,vi n as .

kalN a

n ½ y dU ceB aleh I y .

s M v d þ k b, d¾ e R cI n

Bi tNa s;

k ñ ú gG t ß

RBH s a rI b u tþ et ß rkal

é n R be P T rbs ; b u e B V n i v asenaH

.

eRBaHmanRBhμ e lak

e g ç y ü 4 dU c RB Hm an RB HP a KRt as ; T u k f a ³

C an i )at

sE mþ g Rb e P T

edayvi v dþ ³ kñ ú g RBhμ e lakenaH

1 GgÁútþrnikay tikni)at


- 385 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 386 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

e xt þ rbs ; s M v d þ ³ m an 3 K W Ga Ps S ra 1 / su P ki N ð a 1 / k al N ak b,v i n as e RBaH e Pø I g Rt Ú v e P ø I ge q H

evh b ö l a 1 .

dl ; cM ENkx a ge Rk a mén G aPs S ra e RB aH Tw k

.

kalN ak b,v i n as

R tÚ v T w kC n; l i c rh U tdl ; x ag eR k am éns u P k i N ð a .

k ñ ú gex tþ E dlman

mY y Esnekad i cRv aL CaT I b M pu t

eQμ a Hf a

GaNaextþ . e xt þ E d l RB Hm an RB HP a K Rt as ; f a Gakegçyü

1

y av t a

va

bn

b¤ f a R B H t fa K tK b ,I R )a f ñ a e d ay R bm aN R tw m

kalNakb,vi n aseRBaHxül; RtÚ v xül; b k; p at; rhU t dl; x ag

N a E dl rk R bm aN TI b M pu t mi n)an eQμ a Hfa v i s yext þ .

e R ka mé nev h bö l a

RBHtfa Kt

.

k ¾ ed aycM E Nkd ¾ FM k ñ ú g kalenaH

BuT§-

rEmgRTg ; RCabextþ E dlRTg ; R) a f ñ a

.

k ñ ú gBu T§

e xt þ m Y y k ¾ r Emgv i n as p g Ed r .

e xt þ 3 y: a g T aM ge nH Ga N aext þ mY y rE m gv i n as eT A . eb I

B u T § e x t þ m an 3 K W

GaNaext þ e na Hv i n as eT A Ca t i e xt þ k¾ v i nas pgEd r . eb I e xt þ

Catiextþ 1

e na Hv i n as

GaN ae xt þ 1

t a M gen A Cam Y y K ñ a .

v i s ½ yex t þ 1

rbs ; R BHtfa Kt

manm Y y m W u n c Rkv aL Ca TI

b M pu t eQ μ aH f a C a t i e xt þ .

G ad a n ad i y b , r i t þ

k al t aM gen A

rE mg

y : ag en H sm ½ y Nak b ,vi nas eRBaHe P ø I g . j ú a M gkb,[v i n as

e p þ I meL I g

mh ae mX Edl

j ú aM ge P ø óg m Y y e m FM [ F ø a k; c u H

k ñ ú gm Y y Esn ekad i cRkv aL . mn u s STa M gLa yn a M K ñ ae Rt k G r

G a nu PaBrbs ; R B H br i tþ T a M g e n H KW r t n b , ri t þ x n § b , ri t þ F C K Á b , ri t þ

.

es ckþ I v i n as ni g ka rt a M gen A rbs ; e x t þ e n aH Kb, I RC ab

k ñ ú gex tþ 3 T aM ge na H ex t þ E dlke Rm I kj½ rk ú ñ gk a rk an ; b di s n§ i Ca ed I m

r E mgv i n as e TA C am Y y K ñ a

e m a r b , ri t þ

rEmgRbRB w t þ eT A

n a M B U CT a M g B Y g ecjB I C R g ú k T M B ars I u ) an

.

k ¾ k al Rs Ú v d u H eLI gl μ m e K a

mh ae mX k ¾ E Rb C aekþ A

ePø ógs U m ,I mY yt M N k; k¾


- 387 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 388 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

m i n F ø a k; c u H . k alen a H KW m an n½ yfa xV H T w k eP ø ó g . s tV

E Rs ky M

E dlG a Rs½ y eP ø ógc i B a © w m CI v i t

xu s GM B I r U b y: a geRcI n Rtac; e TAkñ ú g pø Ú v rbs; m nu s S naM K ñ a eBal

rE mg ek I tk ñ ú g RB hμ elaktam

l M d ab ; . n i geTv taEdl GaRs ½ y plb u N ü c i B a © w m CI v i t k ¾ e T A

y ké d CU tT w k E Pñ k

dN þ b ; s M B t; R khm

R ) a b; y: a ge n H fa Gñ k n i r T u k ç T a M g L ay k n ø g e T Am Y y E s n

e k I t k ñ ú gRBh μ e l akEdr . kale bI emXra M g y U ry : a ge n H T w k ni gGeN þ I k

qñ a M kb,nw g vi n as . elakenHnw g vi n as .

k ¾ s ø ab ; e T AtamlM dab ; e h I y e k I t k ñ ú gRB hμ el ak . s U m , I s t V

sU m ,I m hasmu R Tk¾ n w g hY t Ehg . ni g mha

n r k k ¾ e TA ek I t pg E d r .

RbfBI Pñ M R BHsi e nru n w g rlM r layvi n aseTA .

k ñ ú gsm u RTen a H

²

k¾ h Y t E h ge T A

.

sU m ,I R t I

elaknw g vi n asrhU t dl; R Bhμ e lak . Gñ k

k ñ ú ges ckþ I e n H GacarüB Y k mY yeB al fa s t V n r k rEm g v i n as eT A kñ ú g karR)akdeL I gén RB HGa Ti tü dY gT I m i n ev oc a kQa n

rEm ge kI t k ñ ú gR Bh μ e l ak

T u B Ö i k P½ yeb o te b on

.

7 .

.

n i r T u k ç T a M g Lay

b u KÁ l

bRmú g m a t a b i t a

.

e q ø I yfa ed ayG M N acQ an Edl )a nk ñ ú g eTvelak .

kb,n w g v i n as e la kB ü Ú h

.

k ñ ú g k al enaH dUecñaH

Cas tV e l ak

eday kn ø geT Am Y y Esnqñ a M

ka m av cr e T B T aM g Lay Tm ø a k; s I rs³

cU r C a Gñ k eKarB dl ; G ñ k C a

ramc,gk ñ ú g R t k U l d U e c ñ H .

s tV Ta M gena H ek I tk ñ ú g R Bh μ e l ak)any : a gNa ?

B i t N as ;

B Y k e l a k c U r c e RmI n e m t þ a

kr u N a m u T i t a ] e bkç a n w g K ñ a c u H . cU r T M n u k

B Y k x ø HRt Ú v

B Y k x ø Hm i n KY red I m , I ) an nU v Qa n

manePT

eQμ a Hf a

s k; s M B I g s M e B ag

B Y k mn u s S

n i g PU m μ e Tv t aed aye RcI n

l u H sþ ab ; B ak ü

rbs ; ka mavc reTBT a M g e na H k¾ na M K ñ ase g V K m an c i t þ beg ¥ an r k K ñ an w gK ñ a

e FV I bu Nü

e Tv el ak .

m an e m t þ a Ca e d I m

kñ ú geTvel aken aH

e hI y )aneTAekI t kñ ú g

B Y keTB b ri e Pa K Gah ar T i B V


- 389 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

e hI y )anQan . c M E Nk mn u s S

e F V I b ri km μ kñ ú g vae y aks i N B Y k déT eT Ae k I t k ñ ú ge T v e l a k ¬ km μ [ pl kñ ú gPB t ² eT A s gS a r

- 390 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

T w kk ñ ú g dgGU rCaed I m s ¶ Ü tEh g ev ormh an TI T a M g 5 tG M B I e na H

e d a yG b rab ri y evTn i y km μ

k n ø g kald ¾ y U r RB HGaT i t üd Y g TI 3 e k I teL I g

stV e Q μ a H f a

G a Ti tü dY gT I 3 e n a HR) a kd sU m, I mha nT I k ¾ h Y t E h g . k a l

.

evo r G b ra b ri y evTn i y km μ m i n ma n

.

Rt ac ; e TA k ñ ú g s U m ,I s tV Ta M g

t G M B I e n aHd ¾ y U r

RBH Ga T i t üd Y g TI

4

R ) a kd

. e RB aH RB H

.

e RB a H RB H

e na H k¾ rE mg ) anQ any : ag en aH kñ ú gPB en aH . stV T a M g BY g

G a Ti tü dY gT I 4 R ) akd mh a Rs H 7 T aM gen H K W s I h )a tn ³

rEmgek I tk ñ ú g RB hμ elak

1

ed ayGM N a cEdl )anQan ehI y

kñ ú gk a rkM N t; q ñ a M

1

kNÑ b u N Ð h ³

1

r fk a rTh ³

1

Gena-

t þ T h³ 1 q nÞ n þ T h³ 1 ku N al v ah³ 1 rI g s¶ Ü t e RB a H C a

k ñ ú geTv elak y : a ge nH e da yR b ka r dU ec ñ H . e da yk ald ¾ y U reT A

hgS)at n³

RB HGaT i tüd Y g

kEn ø ge kI tm ha nT I k ñ ú g é RBh i m B an þ

.

t GM B I e n aH ed aykal

T I B I r r E m g R) a kd . ka l e bI RB HGa T i t üe n a H R) a kd k a rkM N t ;

k n ø g yU re TA R BH G aT i t üd Y gT I 5 R) a kd . e RB a H RBHG a Ti tü

y b; éf¶ mi nR)akd

d Y gT I 5 e n a HR ) akd T w ksU m, I Rt w m EtesI m Rm a méd k¾ mi nman

lic

.

.

RBHGaT i t üm Y y dY g r HeL I g

.

e nA k ñ ú gm ha sm u RTe dayl M d ab ; . tBI en aH e daykal kn ø g

m i n mans u ri yeTvb u tþ

.

y U reT A RBH GaT i tüd Y gT I 6 R ) akd . e RB a HRB H G aT i t üd Y gT I

e bI R BHGaT i t ü Rb R k tI en ARbRB w tþ

6 en aH R) ak d c R kv aLT a M g Gs ; m an E p Sgh u y eL I g e B a r -

k ñ ú gRB H Ga Ti t üEdljú a M g kb,v i n as

eTAvlahkxø H GNþ a tePø I g xø H

m Y y dY g

BI dY g RBH GaT i tüeL I y

e l ak mi nd ac; s P aBe kþ A

d U ck ñ ú g RB HG a Ti tü R b Rk tI e T

.

rEmgeTAkñ ú g Gakas .

e bI RB H Ga Ti t üj ú a M gk b, [v i n askM B u g R bRB w tþ e TA

kal

B § d ¾ Ga k as

R)ascakEpSg ni g vlahk dU c épÞ k Ba© k ; m i n man)aT dU e cñ a H .

eBj eT AedayE pSg

.

s U m ,I mY y Esnekad i cRkv aL

k ¾ dU c

C a c Rkv aLe n a H . tB I e n aH Gs ; k ald ¾ y U r RBHGaT i tüd Y gT I 7

R ) akd

.

e RB aH RB HG aT i tüd Y g T I

7

R)akd

cRk vaL


- 391 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

T a M g Gs ; R Bm ed ayEsn ek ad i rn Þ a l dU c Kñ a e ya Cn _ enaH

.

c R kv aLk ¾ m an GN þ ate P ø I g Pø W

s U m, I kM B U l Pñ M s i e n r u

k M B s ; R bm aN

k ¾ R tÚ v v i n as eT A kñ ú gGa kase na H Ég

.

t av t w g SBi PB

.

rtnv i m an

ni gmN I v i m an

eday] ) ayen HÉg

100

GNþ at e Pø I g

q a be q Hr hU tdl ; s Y K ’ C an ; c a t u m μ h ar aC k a

e P ø I ge q Hd u t k n kvi man

- 392 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

.

T a M g Gs ; [ eBj

x ül; t aM geL I g

b k; k U rTw ke na HT a M g x a g

e R ka m n i gx a gTT w g [ e T AC ad M u C a p ø Ú v ed ay C M u v i j e Rb ó bd U c t M N k ; T w k el I s ø w kQU k .

G Nþ a t r h U t dl;

.

Rbs i n eb I s Y r f a

e FV I Gn ø g; Tw k FM d l ; e mø a H

[ C ad M u ) an

y : agN a ?

GN þ a te P ø I gb nþ eq H

e q ø I yfa

eRBa He b I k Cacen ø aH Tu k

.

[ma n Ca ce nø a H

rh U t dl; bz mQ an PU m i . e qH RBh μ e l akTa M g 3 rh U t dl ;

k ñ ú gT I e n aH

G a PsS r RBh μ

RbmU l eFV I [ eTACadM u G s; e TA k¾ h U r cu H eTAxageRkamtamlM d ab; .

.

GN þ a te P ø I gen a He qH mi n rl t;

d ra bs U m ,I

²

d l; G n ø g ; T w kena H

s gç a r Rt w m Etm Y y GN U k ¾ mi nmansl ; . Ete RBa H Gs; s gç a r

k al Tw kh U r cu HeT A

T a M g B Y g s U m ,I epHk¾ m i n mansl ; eT I bGN þ a te P ø I g rl t; dU c

RBh μ e l ak

e P ø I ge q Hx ø a j ;

v cr eTvela k cM E NkxagelI

ni ge R bg

dU ec ñ aH

.

Ga kasE pñ k xagel I

ni g

x a ge Rk a m g g w tsU nüd U cK ñ a . t m k Gs ; k al d¾ yU r m h ae mXta M geL I g j ú a M ge Pø óg

mun

.

²

.

Tw ke na H

RBh μ e lakrE mgR)akd

R tÚ v xül ; b k;

kñ ú gT I r bs ;

k¾ Ée Tvel akrEmgR)akdk ñ ú g T I k En ø g é n k am a .

k al Tw kh U r cu Hdl ; E pn dI dU c

xül ; d ¾ m an km ø aM ge k I t eL I g

k a rB a re FV I [ Tw k mi nhU r e cj

.

x ü l; d ¾ ma nkm ø aM ge na H

dU c T w k e n Akñ ú g F mμ R k kEd l r kS a

R K a b; l ¥ i t ² [ Fø a k; c u H C ael I kd M b U g . mha e m X jú a M g e P ø óg

T u kl¥ ehI y . k al T w kE p¥ mh Y t e T A j ú a M gRka md I ¬ r sd I ¦

E dlm an R Ka b ; Rb maNb : u n T gQ U k eQ I Rct ; G E Rg n i ged I m

[ t aM geL I g mkx agel I . Rka md I e na H m anBN ’ mank ø i n n i g

e t ñ a tCa ed I m [F ø ak; c u Hm k ta ml M d ab ; e FV I T I E dlR t Ú v eP ø I ge qH

rs

dU ce KR k alT u kx ag el I ) ay )a y as Edlm i n m anT w k .


- 393 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gk ale na H

- 394 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

s tV Ta M g LayEdlek I t mu nk ñ ú gG a PsSrR Bhμ -

el ak Xø at c a kT I e n aH eRB a HGs ; G ay u kþ I e RB aH Gs ; b u Nü k þ I rE mgmkek I t e n AT I e nH

.

eh aHeT Akan ; B § d ¾ G a kas )a n E dlm an rse na H

.

s tV Ta M gena H

l u HGs; E pnd I 1

Büayambri e PaKvtß ú E dleFV I [ ekI t esckþ I

el aP .

g g w te kI teL I g

R)akdeL I g e TA

k al e b I RBHs u r i y ³ e TA

.

.

s tV Ta M gena H ma nes ck þ I P½ yx ø a c

tGM B I e n aH

su r i y mN Ð l T M h M

50

e RB a H ey a Cn _

j ú aM gesc kþ I P ½ y xø ac rbs ; s t V T a M g e n aH [v i n as

[e kI t e s ckþ I k ø ah an

.

s tV Ta M gena H

eF V I B n ø W s V agés V Gs; éf ¶ e h I y rl t ;

s tV Ta M gL aym an esc kþ I P½ y xø a cm þ g eTotfa

e yI g)anvi n as e T ot eh I y

.

49

e y aC n _

dU c d w g c i t þ rbs ; s t V

T a M g e n aH . st V T a M g e n a H l u HeX I j c½ nÞ mN Ð l enaH k ¾ n a M K ñ a cnÞ

eRtkGrrI k rayéRkElg eTI b taM g eQμ a Hc½ n Þ m NÐ l enaHfa eRBaHtaM g eLI g eRbóbdU c )andw g nU v bM N grbs; B Y k eyI g

eRBaH

d U e c ñ a H s U m cU rCa c½ nÞ c u H . k al RB Hc ½ n Þ

l u H ) ane XI j

RB HGaT i tü R )a kdy : ag en H

T a M g L ay k ¾ R ) a kd Ca rU b pá a y

t a M geQμ a Hs u r i y mN Ð l fa s u r i y eRBaHtaM geLI g[B Y k ey I g

éf¶

n i gk nø H E x

mY y Ex

k ñ ú gé f¶ R )a kd RB H c½ n Þ TIXnikay )alI

s tV Ta M gena H eT I b Ki ty : ag en H

R) a kd eLI g

s u r i y mN Ð l e naH st V xø H rI k r ay f a e yI g) a nBn ø W ehI y eT I b

1

Bn ø W E dl

f a nw g Ca ka rl ¥ Rbs i n e bI B Y key I g) a nBn ø W déT . c½ nÞ mN Ð l R b ma N

RKaenaH rs μ I rbs; s t V Ta M gen a Hk ¾ v i n as e TA . s P aB

P aB g gw t

s U m cU rCas u r i y ³c u H .

stV T a M g e n aH man rs μ I ed ayx ø Ü n É g

ta mn½ y dU ceB aleh I y k ñ ú gG K Á B a Ø s U R t

RtÚ v tNð a RKbsgá t ;

vi n asesckþ I P ½ y xø a c ehI y ekI t esckþ I k ø a haneLI g eRBaHdU e cñ a H

é RB h i m B an þ

.

rd U v

c a b; t aM gGM B I e na Hm k qñaM

.

y b;

k¾ R)akdtamlM dab ;

RBHGaT i t üenaHÉg

n i g P ñ M k¾ R ) a kd

n kç ½ t bJ k S

Pñ M s i e n ru

T aM g Gs; en aH

.

cRkvaL

R )a kd k ñ ú gé f ¶


- 395 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

eBj

Ex

4

C a RsE ge pI m

mi nm u n m i n e Rkay ?

.

R )a kd y: a gNa

- 396 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

?

dUc

r E m g e kI t eL I gdl ; s t V Ta M gen a H . s tV T aM g enaH dak; Rs Ú v

ka l d aM ) ayed ay kU r Etm þ gb : u e N Ñ a H

.

s ali elI Pa C n³ eh I y t aM gT u kel I E pn fμ . GNþ a te Pø I gek I t

kEn ø gx ø H k¾ e ) : a geL I gRse d ogdU cs þ Ú b . kEn ø gx ø H p tcu H dU c

eL I gÉ g

C a re Nþ A . k E nø gx ø Hk ¾ r abes μ I y : a gN a . kñ ú gT I E dlT U l ²

d U cC a pá am ø i H RkB M

Rsedogs ß Ú b k¾ eT AC aPñ M . kñ ú gT I C a re Nþ A k ¾ C a mh asm u R T .

s alI en aH . R)afñ ab ri e P aK rsN a ² k ¾ m an rs en aH ² [

k ñ ú gT I E dl es μ I ² k ¾ e TA C ae k aH .

b ri e P aK

l u H kaleb I s tV Ta M gena H b ri e Pa Kr sd I B Y k xø H k ¾ s m,ú r s¥at

B Y kx ø Hk¾ m ansm,ú r m i n s ¥ a t t aml M d ab ; . k ñ ú g B I r B Y k

e na H

BY k Edl mansm, ú r s ¥ atk ¾ em I l gaydl; B Y kEdl ma n

sm,ú r mi n s¥ a t

eRBaHkaremI l gayrbs; s tV T aM g enaHCabc© ½ y

rsEpnd I k¾ v i n as . R) a kd C aR km r Ep nd I . l u H R km rE pn dI e da yn ½ y en a H

rbs; st V T a M g La ye n a H

b T al t a

vlø × m ü: a g

du t c M G i n Rs Ú v sal i en aH

.

.

Rs Ú v Edlq ¥ i n en aH

m i n c aM ) ac ; e FV I s m ø

kalstV Ta M gen a H

e Rb ó b

b¤ b En ø C a mY y) a y

b r i e P aKGah a re RKat RK a t

t a M gGM B I e n aHmk m U Rt ni gk rI s ³ k¾ e kI t eLI g . lu H stV T aM g enaH RtÚ v kar[mU R t ni g krI s ³ecj k¾ E ck e cj Ca mu xd M e ) A s PaB C a®s þ I

.

s PaB C ab u r s

k ¾ R)akddl ; ®sþ I

.

k ¾ R)akddl ; b u rs kñ ú g RK a e n aH É g

.

® s þ I k¾

sm ø w g em I l b u rs n i g b u rs k¾ s mø w gem I l ®sþ I m i n ma nevl a . v i n as eT A

m an rs E p¥ m k¾ R ) a kd

eRBaHstV T aM g enaHsmø w g emI l Kñ a Kμ a neBlevlaCabc© ½ y e k I t esckþ I R khl; RkhayeRB aHkam

.

tGM B I e na H

eTI b k ¾ esB

eLI g sU m ,I b TaltaenaHk¾ v i n aseTA edayn½ y enaH k¾ R )akd

emfu n nw g Kñ a . stV T aM g enaH RtÚ v vi B aØ Ú C nti H edoleFV I [ lM ) ak

C a Rs Ú v sal i mi nmanB U C mi nman kn Þ k; m i n m ans M b k b ri -

e RB aH k a resB GsT § m μ

s u T § × ma nk ø i n Rk GU b man Ep ø GM B I RsÚ vsar . tGM B I e na H PaC n³

e na H

.

s tV Ta M genaH

eT I b s agsg ; pÞ He dI m , I b i T )a M gGsT § m μ kalRKb; RK g pÞ H

k¾ RbRB w tþ e T A ta m


- 397 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

Ti d æ a nu K ti r bs; b u K Á l mi n x¢ i l RcGU s NamY y tamlM d ab;

- 398 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

ehI y

e F V I kars nS M T u k .

K b,I b eN þ j e cjdl ; Gñ kEdl K Y r

beN þ j e cj e dayRtw m RtÚ v rbs ; B Y ke yI g .

c a b; t aM g GM B I e n aH

knÞ k ; x ø H

sMbkxøH

k¾ ek I t mandl ;

R sÚ v s a r . sU m, I T I Rc Ú t ka t ; e h I y k¾ mi nd u H vi j . st V Ta M g e na H Rb CM u Kñ a se Rmc c i t þ f a

G ñ kd ¾ c e R mI nT aM gL ay Fm ’ l am k e RB a HB Y k e yI g

R ) a kd e hI y k ñ ú gs tV T a M g L ay se RmcGV I eRscEtci t þ

e d olG ñ kEdl K Y r ti H e d ol

d U e cñ H

eB aleh I y k ñ ú g GK Á B a Ø s U Rt

.

.

eh I y k ñ ú gkb,enH

RBHman RB HP aK

kalenACaRBHeBaFi s t V

m an r U b r a gd ¾ s ¥ a t K Y rR k eLk em I l m ansk þ × FM s tV Ta M ge na H

k al GM B I m u n

k ñ ú gsm ½ y en a H sm ,Ú rN _ e d aybB aØ a m an km ø aM g Ga ceF V I ka r

K b ,I [Bi s þ a re d a yn ½ y dU c

RKbsgá t; n i gel I k s res I r) an . s t V T a M g enaH eT I b na M Kñ a

t a M gE tG M B I e na Hm k

s tV Ta M g

L ay k¾ ) an E t g ta M gre b ob bd i b tþ i T u keL I g d U ct eT AenH . Rbs i n eb I G ñ k NamY y

eFV I e sckþ I R BmeRBógKñ a y: a genH

k¾ k alstV T aM g Lay

ka n; y kc M ENkGñ k d éTE dle K

c U l eT Ar k RB HeB aFi s t V en aH

el I k s res I r

G g V rk

.

RBH

eB aFi s t V e n a H R) a kd e d a yn am 3 K W eQμ a H f a m h as m μ t i e RB aH mh aC nsn μ t; 1 . e Q μ aH f a x t þ i y e RB aH C aGF i btI é n

m i n ) an [ . eB alf aB I r dg kñ ú gel I kT I b I Rt Ú v R bha r ed ay

e xt þ T a M g L ay

é d d M u d I ni g d M b g . s tV Ta M gena H k ale b I e k I t mankarlY c

d éTe R tk Gr ed ay F m’ es μ I

R T B ü n i y ay ti H edol n i ya yku h k k¾ dak ; T N Ð km μ rag k ay

k ñ ú gz an ³CaGc ä ri yb u rs kñ ú gel ak

eL I g

[CaGaT× b u r s taM g enAkñ ú g xtþ i y mNÐ l ehI y vNÑ ³ TaM g Lay

eT I b R bC M u K ñ aKi t fa

s res I rst V mY yen H

eRBaHeht u GV I B Y k ey I gKb, I e l I k

e y I g n w g bE nß m cM ENkén Rs Ú v sal i [

dl ; Gñ kE dl Kb ,I RKbsgá t ; G ñ kE dlK Y r RKbs g á t ;

Kb , I t i H-

1

.

eQ μ a H fa 1

raCa .

e RB aH[s t V T aM gL ay

RBHeBaFi s tV C ab u rsd M b U g .

kale FV I RB HeB aF i s tV

m an v NÑ ³RB ahμ N_ C ae dI m k ¾ ta M geL I gt amlM d ab ; . kare qHeday eP ø I g

ta M gB I m h aem Xjú a M g kb,[v i n as


- 399 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

G s e gç yüm Y y en H el akehAfa s M v d þ .

GakasenaH

j ú a M gEsn ek ad i cRkv aL [eBje Rb ób

mhaemX d¾ F M t a M gBI k arv i n as

eRB aHeqHe dayePø I g

G s e gç yüT I B I r e n H

el akeh Afa s M v d þ d æ a y I . karR)akdénRBHc½nÞ

RBHGaTitü

taMgBImhaemX

mhaemXj ú a M gkb,[v i n as e T o t t aM gB I e s ckþ I R ) a k d RB H Ga Ti t ü

Gs eg ç yüT I bY nen H

el akeh Afa

G s e gç yü 4 TaM genH Camh a kb ,m Y y . K b ,I R Ca b es ckþ I v i n as e da ye Pø I g n i g k ar ta M ge nA ed ay R bk a rd U e c ñ H . k ¾ s m½ yNa

d U ceB aleh I y

mhaemX enaH

. kalebI j ú aM ge P ø ó g EdlmanRK ab; l ¥ i t

[ F ø a k; c u H r E mg F ø a k; c u H eBjEsnekad i c RkvaL edayt M N k;

B al; RtÚ v eh I y CMuvij e na H

r Emg rl ay

RtÚ v Tw k Rk ú tb nS a t; na M e T Ae day

T w k C n ; e L I g t aM g BI Epnd I r h U t dl; Tu ti y CÄ an PU m i jú a M g R Bh μ e l aks U m ,I Ta M g

3

Twk

[ rl aye TA kñ ú g T I e n aH

rhU t dl; s u P kNð a eTI b Qb; . Tw k enaHenAmi n Tan; s ¶ b ; drab Nasg ç a rs U m ,I b: u n GN U e n A ma n .

vivdþdæayI .

kb,[v i n as

dU ecñ aH

R K a b; ePø ógF M ² ta ml M d ab ; E pnd I n i gP ñ M C ae dI m Rt Ú v T w k R k ú t

sm, Ú r N_ G s e gç yüT I b I e nH elakehAfa v i v d þ .

é nRB H c½ nÞ

- 400 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

kb,v i n as e TA ed ayT w k

t a M g G M B I e pþ I m eLI g

mh aemXjú a M g

K b, I e F V I [ B i s þ a redayn ½ y

k ñ ú g x a ge Rk ay e n a H Ég

.

E te s ckþ I E bø k Kñ a

m an dU c teTA en H . mh ae mXm an Tw k Rk ú t j ú a M gkb,[v i n a s t a M geL I g k ñ ú g T I e n H

.

d U cC a RBH G aT i tüd Y gT I B I r t aM geL I g k ñ ú g

k ¾ ÉT w ken a H e na Heh I y E tm ü : a g

R K bs gá t; s gç a rT aM g BY gE dleTAtamTw k

k ¾ s¶ b; rM g a b; Pø a m

Gakasxagel I gg w tsU n üsu g

m Y y Ge nø I e d a y Ga k as x a ge Rk a m

Rsedogn w g kar)an eBaleh I y

.

b T T aM g B Y g

E t kñ ú gT I e n Hel a ke FV I

¬

kar

s ag ¦ G aP s S r RBhμ e l akT aM gG s; [ R )ak d Ca xa ged I m . s tV Ta M gLay Xø a tc a ks u P k i N ð aeh I y sSrRBh μ Ca ed I m

.

rEmg e kI t kñ ú gGa P -

k a rv i n as ed ay Tw k Rk ú t

E dljú a M g kb ,


- 401 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

- 402 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

[vi n as taM g GM B I m haemXjú a M g kb,[vi n as enHCaGsegç y ü mYy

mh ae mXs m, Ú rN _

ta M gBI k a rv i n as ed ay Tw k

dl ; m i n m an .

e n H Ca

R K ae na H Ég

G s e gç yü T I B I r .l. Gsegç yü 4 Ta M ge n H C am h a kb ,

t a mlM dab ;

mYy

xagelI

.

K b ,I RCabesckþ I v i n ased ayTw k

n i g k a rt a M gen A

e da y R b ka r dU ecñ H . m Y y v i j e Tot

100 s m½ yN akb,v i n ased ayxül ; e n aH

mhaemXj ú a M gkb,[v i n as e TA

.

t a M gGM B I k a re p þ I meL I g eh I y

K b ,I eFV I [ Bi sþ a r t a mn½ yd U ceB aleh I y G M B I m u n e naHÉg . E tes c kþ I e pSgK ñ am and U cteT AenH e dI m, I j ú a M gk b ,[v i n as kñ ú gel ak en H k ñ ú gGa kase n a H

dUecñaH

[ t aM geL I g m u n

.

e R Ka t R Ka t

.

xül ; e na H

.

dU cR BH G aT i t üd Y gT I B I r j ú a M gF u l I e R Ka t RK a t

t BI en aHj ú aM g F u l I l ¥ i t

d M u Rk Ü s

n i gf μ Cae dI m

.

Fu l I T aM g e n a H

e nA k ñ ú gé p Þ e mX .

x S a c; l ¥ i t

x S a c;

[ ta M geL I gel I E pn dI

RbmaNb : u n p Þ H k M B U l n i gT I e dI meQ I F M ² T I m i n esμ I

xül ; t a M g eLI g

E dlt a M g eL I g k ñ ú g

m i n F ø a k; cakEpn dI

x ül; t aM g eL I g B I T I x a ge Rk a mEp nd I d ¾ FM enH

eh I y bk ; RtLb ; E pn dI

e F V I RsT ab ; E pnd I [ m k

ehI y bnSat; e TAkñ ú g Gakas eyaCn_ CaRbma N

.

épÞ E pndI m anRbmaN

Eb ke cje TA

m an Rbm aN

2

e ya Cn _ 3 e y aC n_ 4 e y a Cn _ 5 e y aCn _ RtÚ v k mø aM gxül ; b k; p a t; eT A

e F V I [h μ t ; l ¥ i t k ñ ú g Ga k ase n a HÉ g

mansl ;

.

xül ; e l I k P ñ M cRkv aLx ø H

eh I y bn Sat ; eT Ak ñ ú g G ak as

.

[v i n as

² v i n as e TA .

xül ; j ú a M gP u m μ d æ k vi ma n

j ú a M gkam avcreTvelak

Pñ M s i e nru xø HeL I g

é pÞ EpndI T aM ge na Hb Hx Þ b ; Kñ a

n w gK ñ a eh I y E b ke T A Ca p g; F u l I l ¥ i t ] ) aye nH Ég

rh U tdl ; m i n

6

ed ay

ni g G a kas dæ k vi ma n [vi n as

e hI y j ú aM g

cRkv aLEsnekad i [v i n as . c R kv aLb : Hx Þ b ; n w gcRkv aL

.

f μ e nA xag e kI tb : Hx Þ b ;

e RB a Hl i c c u H

n w gf μ x a gek I t

.

s i e n ru b : Hx Þ b ; n w gsi en ru

F u l I T aM ge na Hh μ t ; l ¥ i te TA kñ ú g TI en aH rh U t

F u l I v i n as eT A

.

x ül ; b k; p at ; t a M gBI Epnd I rh U t dl; t t i y -

eh I y kø ay C ap g ;


- 403 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

C Ä an PU m i

.

x ül; j ú a M gRBh μ e lak

evh b ö l aeT I b Q b; y : ag en H elI

.

3

[v i n as

l u H j ú aM g sg ç arTa M g BY g

s U m ,I xø Ü n Ég k¾ v i n as eT A pg

.

- 404 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

rhU tdl ;

[vi n as e TA

G a k as c M E Nkx ag

ni g GakascM E NkxageRkamggw t sU n üsu g dU c Kñ a TaM g Gs;

Rbhak; RbEhld U cEdl )an T I e nH ela ke F V I

KW

s ag

eBaleh I y e n a H É g

.

E t kñ ú g

su Pk i N ð RBh μ e l ak C ax age dI m[

R ) a kd .

eh I y elakeT I b v i n as e TA y: a ge n H . mY y v i j e Tot el ak e na H Ég

ka leb I r aK ³ c e Rm I n C al M d ab ;

rEm gv i n as eT Ae da y

ePøIg

Rbs i n eb I e Ta s³ ce Rm I n eL I g

elak rEm gv i n as e TA

.

e da yT w k . E t Ga c ar üB Y k x ø H eB alf a

ebI eTas³ ce Rm I n

elak

vi n aseTAedayePø I g . ebI r aK³ceRmI n k¾ v i n aseTAedayTw k . Rbs i n eb I e mah ³ceRm I n n w gvi nase TAed ayx ül; . ka leb I

k¾ s t V T aM gL ayX ø atc a kB I e vhb ö l aeh I y

rE mgek I t

vi n asy: a genH rEmgvi n aseTAedayePø I g 7 dg CalM d ab; .

k a rv i n as ed ay xül ;

el I kT I 8 v i n as e TAe da yT w k . e RB a Heh tu en aH Rbs i n eb I

j ú a M gkb,[v i n as t a M gGM B I m h ae mXj ú a M gkb,[v i n as en H

v i n as eT A 8 ² d g y : ag en H ka rv i n as e TAe da yT w k 7 d g

C a Gse gç y üm Y y

v i n as eT Aed ay eP ø I g

k ñ ú gsu P ki N ð RBhμ el akCaed I m

e da yxül ; TaMgenH

.

.

m h a e mXs m,Ú rN _

e nH C aGse gç y ü TI

Ca mh a kb ,m Y y

.

2

.l.

ta M gBI k a rvi nas Gse gç y ü

4

Kb , I R Cabkarv i n as ed ay xül ;

n i gk a rt a M g e nA ed ay Rb k a rd U e cñ H . e RB aH eh tu G V I G k u s lm U l Ca eht u

el akeT I b v i n as eT Ay : ag en H .

bu:eNÑH

63

e RBa H

eRB aHkale bI Gku s l mU l ce Rm I n

d geT ot

.

C a k ar kn ø ge TA ehI y

x ül; )an»kash amvar³ RBmehI y

.

k b,

7

e dayeh tu R bma N .

kñ ú gcenø a He n H

Edlv i n as e TA ed ay Tw k

km© a t; s u P k i N ð a RBh μ e l ak

sU m , I d l ;

Edl manGay u

64

kb, br i b U rN _ jú a M g e l ak [vi nas . Pi k ç ú E dlrBJ k dl; k b, sU m ,I r BJ k dl; C ati m u n rEmgrBJ k


- 405 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

dl ; s M v d þ k b ,

vivdþkb,

s M v d þ v i v d þ k b,

- 406 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

m i n t i c C agkb ,

T a M g e n aH . bTfa

vN Ñ s m,t þ i P a B RbNI t n i g esAh μ g P aB Ca Gñ ke Rc I n ed ay sMvdþkeb,

vivdþkeb,

el akeBalk M N t ; B ak;

sM v d þ v i v d þ k e b, Rbs i n eb I s Y rfa

elakeB alk M N t; y k kb ,

T a M g Gs ;

.

rBJ kdl ;

ed ayn½ ym an CaGaT × fa

rB J k dl; dU ce mþ c GmuRtasw

?

eqøIyfa

k ñ ú g Ca t i É e na H

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bT fa

eh I y k ñ ú gs M v d þ k b,ÉeNaH kñúgkMeNIt

GmuRtasw

es ck þ I f a

k ñ ú gK t i

KW

ey I g) an ek I t

e yI g )a n e kI tehI y

k ñ ú g vi B a Ø a N zi t i

k ñ ú gs tþ a v as

É v M n a em a

m an e Qμ aH y: ag en H

KW

tisS

b u s S . bT f a É v M e Ka e tþ a maneKatþ y : a ge n H KW k c © a n eK a t þ b ¤ ksS be Ka t þ

.

e d a ye h tu e na H

RB Hs ar I bu tþ e tß r

eT I b eBalfa

É v M v e N Ñ a .l. É vma y u b ri y e n þ a . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bTf a

É v M v eN Ñ a

ma nBN ’ s m,ú r

y : ag en H KW sm, ú r s b¤ s m, ú rex μ A . É v m a h ae r a

m an Gah ary : ag en H

KW

m an Rs Ú v

s alI ) ay s a c; Ca G ah a r b ¤ m an E pø e Q I T M u C a Gah ar . bTfa

É v M s u x T u k ç b ,d i s M e v T I

)a nes aysu x

esa y

T u kç y: agenH KW es ays u x n i gT u kç Edl RbRB w tþ eT Ap ø Ú vkay pø Ú v ci t þ b¤ m anRbePTCaedI m fa manGami s b¤ m i n manGami s .

b ¤ kñ ú gst þ n i k a y . bTfa

.

bTfa

e yI g )a n e kI tehI y .

k ñ ú gPB

s u x ni gT u k ç b ¤ ka rman Gay u t i c G a yu Evgrbs ; x ø Ü n . k ¾ rBJ k )an

k Nþ al rbs ; k b, mY y . bTfa

Rbs i n eb I k ñ ú gk ale na H Pi k ç ú e n aH b M N gn w gr BJ kdl ; -

bTe nH

elakeB ale dayGM N a cka rrB J k

dl ; e Q μ a H n i ge Ka R t rbs ; x ø Ü n kñ ú g G t I t PB rbs ; Pi k ç ú en aH .

bTfa

É v m a y u b ri y en þ a

ma nGay u kM N t ; Rt w mb : u e N Ñ H

K W ma nGay u kM N t ; 1 0 0 qñ a M b ¤ 8 e ka di 4 Esn kb , . bTfa

esa

teta

cueta

G mu R t

] T ) aT w

l u Hcu ti

G M B I PBen aHeh I y ) anm ke kI t k ñ ú gPBen H KW l u H ey I g c u t i c ak


- 407 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

PB

k M e NI t

e na Heh I y

Kt i

vi Ba Ø aNz i ti

) a nm kek I t kñ ú gPB

st þ avas k M eN I t

- 408 - Gdækfa bueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs

b ¤ s t þ n i ka y

Kti

v i B a Ø aN zi t i

s tþ av as b¤ s tþ ni k ay Ée N a H . bTfa

t R t a ) as w

e k I t eToteh I y kñ ú gPB b ¤ s tþ ni kays U m , I e n aH

.

vi B a Ø a Nzi ti

bT ma n Ca G aT × f a

KW

) an

É v M n a em a

esa

teta

cu e t a

cueta

mkekI t kñ ú g PBenH

\ FU b , e n ñ a

esckþ I f a

bTfa

Gm u R t a s I

enH

C ak a r

s ak a rM

s ] eT Þ s M

lu H eyI g cu t i c ak

KW RB mT a M g ] e TÞ s

TaM g Gakar

KW

RB mT a M g Gakar

e day eQμ aH

BN’ s m,ú r CaedI m

.

C ak a rB i c a rN a rbs ; G ñ k

R)akde dayesck þ I epSgK ñ a

n i ge Ka R t . RB m

eRBaHelaksEmþ g dl;

b T e n H fa

G M B I e na H Ca G a ka r e day R bk a rd U e cñ H .

kñúg

.

e RB aH dU ecñ aH

eQ μ aH

edayBN ’ s m, ú r Caed I m f a

e xμ A

s M e dA dl ; T I e kI t rbs ; P i kç ú e na H

RBmTaM g

s tV ed ayeQ μ a H ni geK a R tf a t i s S p u s S k s S b , e K aR t .

R tL b ; . d U e cñ a H b T f a \ F U b ,en ñ a Kb ,I RCabfa elakeB al G m u R t ] T ) aT w

l u Hcu ti ca k

bTfa \ t i KW ed ayRbkard U e cñ H .

] eT Þ s

e RB aH bT f a

teta

b ¤ kñ ú g Rt k U l RBa hμ N _ ÉeNaH kñ ú g PB e n H .

m an

rBJ kdl ; rbs ; G ñ kR ) afñ a e T A ta mlM d ab ; . bTfa

PBenaHehI y

st þ av as

n ½ y dU c)aneB aleh I y . m ü : a gm Y y e To t

esa

T I E dle kI tk ñ ú glM dab; en aHeh I y k ¾ mk ek I tk ñ ú g R t kU l k SRt i y _

)a nm an hI yk ñ ú gPB en aH

kM e N I t K t i

bTfa

n i ge Ka R t

C a ]eT Þ s

l M d ab ; é n karek I tk ñ ú g e l ak e n H . bTmanCaGaT× f a k a r rB J k dl ; e Qμ a H

tRta)asw

n i ge Ka RtCa ed I m

elakeBaledI m ,I s Emþ g

¬ cb; GdækfabueBVnivasanusStiBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

k ñ ú gT I e k I t k ñ ú gl M d ab ; é n

3

k a re k I t e n Hkñ ú gPB en aH rbs ; Pi k ç ú en aH .

.

s eRk A


- 409 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

- 410 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa Ti B V c kç ú B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

bTfa

Kb,I R Cabvi n i c ä ½ y kñ ú g Ti B V c kç ú B aØ a Nni e TÞ s dU c teTAenH . bTfa

GaelaksBaØ M

GaelaksBaØ a E kv m NI

KW

mnsi

k e r a ti

mnsi k a rBn ø W R B H Ga Ti tü

T a M g eBléf ¶

eBlyb; f a

Ga el a e ka

nig

Bn ø W

v i v ed þ n

e c ts a

bTfa

Gbri e yaneT§ n

bTfa

sb,PasM

manBnøW

GaelaksBaØ a e RB a Hj ú a M gsBaØ a[ Rb RBw t þ e T Akñ ú gc i tþ fa G a -

brikmμCaGarmμN_rbs;TiBVckçú

e la e k a .

ctutßCÄan

bTfa yfa yb;k¾dUecñaH

KW

Tiva tfa

rtþw

eBléf¶y:agNa

mnsikarsUm,IeBlyb;

eBl

dUcCaeXIjBnøW

b T f a y f a r t þ w t f a T i v a e B l y b ; y : a g N a e Bl éf¶k¾dUecñaH dUecñaH .

KW

mns i k areBléf ¶

edaybTenH

c e Rm I n y: ag en H )aMg

.

d U ce XI j Bn ø W k ñ ú g eBlyb;

Paevti

KW

mi n rM u B ½ T §

.

1

]bcarQan

3

.

eb I Pi kç ú en aH

ci t þ ma nBn ø W R) as c ak e s ckþ I g g w t E d l b i T

edayTM n gdU c Kñ a nw g RBH)alI e naHÉg

ksiN

b¤elakeBalsMedAdl;

R)afñaedIm,IjúaMgTiBV-

eFV I G Pi B aØ a manQanCa)aT

kñúgksiN

ceRmIncitþ[

elakeBaldl;citþmanBnøWedaykar

kulbuRtEdlCaGaTikmμik³

ckç ú [ ekI t

KW

manGaelakksiNCaGarmμN_

edayGakarTaMgBYg

kñúgeBléf¶ dUecñaH .

mi n manGV I r M u B ½ T §

citþM

mü: a geTot kalebI m nsi k ary: a genH elakeBalfa mnsi k ar

mnsi k arGaelaksBaØ a y: a genHehI y taM g sBaØ a faCaeBléf¶ .

KW

e da yC M u v i j .

.

bTfa Ti v asBaØ M GFi d æ a ti taM g sBaØ a fa CaeBléf¶ KW

ma n ci tþ e b I keh I y

m an c i t þ mi n)anb i T )a M gy : ag en H .

mns i kar

RB Hc ½ n Þ

\ti

.

manksi N CaGarmμ N _

[CakarKY r dl; G Pi n i h ar

ehIyKb,IeFVIksiNy:agNamYy

y:agTaMgenH

GaelakksiN [CaGarmμN_

KW 1

eteCaksiN [CitTuk

1 .

»TatKb,IeFVI

ehIy[kMNt;ceRmInTuk

.


- 411 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

- 412 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

GFi b ,ayfa mi n KY r [Gb,naekI t kñ ú g ]bcarQanenaH . eRBaH

enAkñúgzan³EdlkMNt;Tukfa BnøWcUrmankñúgTIenH dUecñH .

Rbsi n ebI f a

kareXIjrUb rEmgmandl;PikçúEdlGgÁúyemIlsUm,IGs;nUv

[Gb,naekI t

rEmgCani s S½ y énQanCa)aT

mi n E m n C a n i s S ½ y é n b r i k m μ . kñúgksiN RbesIrCag

.

3

éf¶ . kalNarUbenH KW rUbEdlmineTAkan;Knøgénckçú rUb

y:agTaMgenH

elakeBalksiN

GaelakksiNenaH 2

y:ageRkAGMBIenaH

edayGnuelamGaelakksiNenaHÉg

.

eFV I G aelakksi N [CaGarmμ N _ N amY y

énksi N eRkAB I e n a H

ehIyjúaMgQan eTIbceRmInksiN

4

[ekIt

.

eRBaHdUecñaH

KY r

taMgenAkñúg]bcarPUmieTot

K b , I e X I j r U b x a g kñ ú g rbs; T I E dlRtÚ v

ceRmI n ehI y . kalPi k ç ú e naHeXI j r U b m i n e F V I k a r p S a y e T A é n BnøWedaycitþbrikmμ

[TUlMTUlayenaH

var³énbrikmμrEmg

knøghYseTA . ÉBnøWenaH k¾vinaseTAEdr

.

ebIBnøWvinas

ehIy sUm,IrUbk¾minR)akd .

Kb,IpSayBnøWeTAtamlMdab;y:agenH

BnøWrEmgmankmøaMgeRcIn

edayRbkardUecñH

rUbenAxageRkACBa¢aMgPñM déT

nigkMEBg

rUbEdlenAkñúgcRkvaL

rEmgmkkan;KnøgénjaNckçúrbs;PikçúenaH

rUbedaymMsckçú TiBVckçúenaH

.

kalenaH

dUceXIj

TiBVckçúrEmgekIteLIg

GaceXIjrUbkñúgTIenH)an

.

.

minEmncitþEdl

CacMENkxagedIm . k ñ ú gbT m anG Fi b , ayd U c t e T Ae n H TiBVckçú

l M d ab ; kare kI t rbs ;

e F V I r U b m a n R b k a r d U c e B a l e h I y [ C a G a r m μ N _ ek I t

k ñ ú gme na TV arav C ¢ n ³

kalme naTV arav C ¢ n ³ rlt ;

eFVIrUbenaHÉg

[CaGarmμN_ Kb,IRCabtamn½ydUceBalehIyfa Cvncitþ

kalebI d U e cñ a H Pi k ç ú e naHKY r cU l QanCa)aTerOy ² l u H ecjcakQanenaH

enAkñúgépÞ rUbGaRs½yhTyvtßú rUbGaRs½yenAeRkamEpndI

.

BnøWnwgtaMg

4 b¤ 5 xN³ rEmgekIteLIg . mü:ageTot jaNenHelakeBalfa cutUb)atBaØaN rbs ; s tV Ta M gL ayx ø H

T i B V ck ç ú B a Ø aNx ø H

.

j aNe na H ma n


- 413 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

- 414 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

G n þ r aydl ; b u f u C ¢ n . e R B a H b u f u C ¢ n e n a H G F i d æ a n f a B n ø W c U r manRKb;TIkEnøg

.

jaNenaH

²

k¾TmøúHeTAkñúgEpndI

fμI .

PñM

cM E NkGñ k NaeXI j TaM g BI r y: a genaH

.

Gñ k enaHrEmg

smuRT BnøWk¾ekItmandUcKña . ebIdUecñaH PikçúenaHeXIjrUb

l Hb g; Ti dæ i s U m, I T aM gB I r ) a n . e RB a H dU ecñ aH ka reX I j rbs ;

manykS

G ñ ke na H

rakS½ k CaedI m

P ½ yx ø a ceLI g

.

EdlKY r xø a ckñ ú g TI e naH

e RB aH dU ec ñ aH

k¾ e kI t esckþ I

m i n K Y rRb m aT kñ ú gka r eX I j

r U beL I y . bTfa cuti

stþanM

c u t U b ) a tB aØ a y

KW

ed I m , I j aNkñ ú g

es ckþ I f a

ni g] b, tþ i rbs; s t V T a M gL ay

.

bTfa Ti e BV n

rE mg eX I j Ta M g B I ry : agen aH visuT§M

BuT§butþ

ed ay eht u e nH

e RB aH eh tu én kareX I j

manu s kM . eRBaHeXI j rU b knø g ]bcar³rbs; m nu s S . eQμ a H

GF i b ,ay f a

f a G t i k á n þ m a n u s k M eRBaHkn ø g m M s ck ç ú r bs ; m nu s S

ed ay

c k ç ú C aT i B V b r i s u T § × kn ø g c k ç ú rbs; m nu s S .

bTfa v i s u e T § n b ri s u T § × eQμ a Hfa b ri s u T§ × e RB aH eh tu

G ñ kN aeX I j Rt w mE tc u t i bu : e NÑ a H

e Qμ a Hf a

.

.

b ri s u T § × ed aykareX I j cu ti n i g] b, tþ i . eQ μ a H fa G t i k á n þ -

ckç ú n a enH manesckþ I d U c eBalehI y .

e da yka r eX I j c u ti

Ca e h tu én kareX I j br i s u T § ×

e dI m, I j aN

e dI m, I T i B V c k ç ú B aØ aN .

e XI j b ri s u T § ×

T a M g L ay

el akeT I b e B al f a

n i g]b , tþ i rbs ; s tV Ta M gLay

E dld w g c u t i

eQμ a Hf a

n i g] b, tþ i

.

m i neX I j ]b,tþ i

bTfa

setþ

bsSti

eXI j stV T aM g Lay KW smø w g

e mI l s t V T a M gL ay d U c em I l e daymM s c kç ú rbs ; mn u s S .

Bi tN as ;

k ñ ú gbT en Hf a c v m ae n ] b b C¢ m a e n m an GF i b, ay fa

Gñ ke na H

m i n G ac eX I j e dayT i B V c k ç ú kñ ú gxN³ c u t i b ¤ k ñ ú gxN³ ]b , tþ i .

rEmgRbkan ; e da y]e cä TT i d æ i G ñ k N aeX I j ]b,tþ i b : u e N Ñ a H mi n

m ü : a ge T ot

e XI j c u t i Gñ ke na H rE mg R b ka n; edayT i d æ i K W k a rR )a kd é n s tV

dUecñaH

s tV B Y kÉ Na C i t c u t i

st V B Y ken a H eQ μ a H fa

nw gX ø at c a kk ñ ú g eBlenH

kM B u gc u ti . cM E Nks tV B Y k


- 415 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

- 416 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

N ab di s n§ i e h I y b ¤ e kI tehI yen H s tV B Y kena H ela k bM N g f a k M B u g] b, tþ i . el ak sEm þ gf a rEm ge XI j s tV B Y ken a H K W e XI j k M B u gc u ti n i g k M B u g]b,t þ i . bTfa

hIen

e f akT ab

EdlefakTab

KW

K Y r ex < I m

K Y renOyN ay

eRBaHRbkbedayplrbs;

rh U t ma n ) ay Tw k ti c eRBa H Rb k bed ay plé nel a P³ . bTfa y fa k m μ Ú b e K Rb RB w tþ eT Atamkm μ K W Rb RB w tþ eT A t a mk m μ E dlsnSM Tu k

.

elakeBal dl ; k i c© rbs; T i B V c k ç ú

edaymanCaGaT× f a cvmaen bTmu n . EtedaybTenH elak

emah³ . bTfa b N I e t RbN I t K W p Þ ú y K ñ a nw ge fa k Ta b e RBa H

bTfa s u v e N Ñ manBN’ s m,ú rl ¥ KW manBN’ s m,ú r K Y rRsLaj ;

K Y reBj ci t þ

e RB aH R bk bed ay pl

rbs ; GeT as³ . bTfa

ma nBN ’ s m,ú rG a R kk ;

m i n K Y r RsLaj ;

R b kb ed ay pl rbs; eT as³ r U bx u s Rb Rk t I .

.

jaNkM N t; d w g fa

mY y vi j eTot lM d ab; é nkarekI t rbs; Q anenaH mandU e cñ H P i k ç ú kñ ú gs asn ae nH n rkx age Rka m

TuBVeNÑ

sm, ú r m i n KY r R ) a fñ a

eBaldl; m u x naTI r bs; y fakmμ Ú b KBaØ a N s tV RbRB w tþ e TA t am km μ .

R b kb ed ay pl rbs; Gemah³ .

K Y r R )a fñ a

R T B ü e RcI n e RB aH Rbk be da ypl rbs ; Gel aP ³ . bTfa Tu K Á e t lM ) ak KW dl; n U v esckþ I l M ) ak b¤ l M ) ak

K Y rti He d ol K Y rem I l ga y ed ayG M N a cén Ca ti R t kU l n i g ePaK³CaedIm

bTfa s u K e t )a nl¥ K W eT Ae dayl ¥ b¤ ma M mY n man

KW

manBN’

mi nK Y reBj ci t þ

GFi b ,a yf a

m i n s ¥ at

e RB aH ma n

y : ag éRkEl g P i k ç ú en aH

ce Rm I n G ael ak ks i N

b M N g e T A ka n;

rEmgeX I j s tV n rk Ta M gLa y .

ka reX I j e n aH É g

mnsi k a ry : ag en Hf a

es ay Tu kç

C a ki c © rbs; Ti B V c k ç ú

.

s tV Ta M ge nH eF V I k mμ G V I T u khñ +

e TI b RtÚ v esayT u kç e n aH . R Ka e n aH É g j aN ma n k mμ en aH ² C a G ar m μ N _ e k I t dl; Pi k ç ú e na H fa eRB a He FV I k mμ e nH .


- 417 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

- 418 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

m ü : a ge T ot P i k ç ú ce R mI n G ael akk si N b M N ge T A kan ; e Tv el ak xa g elI

eX I j s tV Ta M gL ayes ay mh asm, t þ i k ñ ú g

s Y n n nÞ v ½ n m i s Skv ½ n n i g) a ru s kv ½ n Ca ed I m . k a reX I j e naH k ¾ C ak i c© rbs ; T i B V c kç ú e naHÉg

.

e nH f a s tV T a M g e n He FV I k m μ G V I T u k hñ +

P i kç ú e na H

eT I b R t Ú v esaysm,t þ i e nH

R K ae na H Ég jaN man km μ e na H Ca G a rmμ N _ fa

m nsi k ar y : a g

e k I t dl; P i k ç ú en aH

e RB aH eF V I km μ e n He nH eQ μ a Hf a y f akmμ Ú bK Ba Ø aN . ka r

GaRkk; p ø Ú v kay . b¤ k arRbRBw t þ G aRkk; e kI t eLI g tampø Ú v kay . s U m ,I kñ ú gbT eRkABI en aH k¾ m an n½ y e n Hd U c K ñ a . bTfa s mn ñ a K t a Rbk be hI y K W m an k arR B m e RB ó g eh I y . bTfa G r i y a n M ] b v a T k a ti Hed ol RB HG r i y ³ K W C a G ñ k R) a fñ aes ck þ I v i nasdl ; RBHGr i y ³ R B H b e c© k B u T § Ca m© as ;

n i g RB Hs a v k e d ayTI b M pu t

b ri km μ e pS gG M B I e nH m i n mandl ; P i k ç ú e nH . s U m ,I Gn a Kt M s -

RKhsß Edl Caesatabn ñ

B aØ aN

k a r km © at; Ku N

k¾ d U cjaN en H

.

B i tN as;

jaNTaM ge nH

m an

Ti B V c kç ú B aØ a NCa)aT rEmgseRmcRBmCamY y Ti B V c kç ú e naHÉg . bTfa \ e m k ñ ú gbT m an CaGaT × fa \ e m v t e P a e t a C a bTGFi b ,ay esckþ I rbs ; Gñ ke XI j e dayT i B V c k ç ú .

.

ti H ed ol ed ayG n þ i mvtß ú

GF i b, ay f a

e C rti He dol

smNFm’ m i n m andl ; e l akT aM gen H smN³

dl ; RBHB u T § C a m© as ;

Kb,I RCabfa

eQ μ aH f a

.

sU m , I d l ; b ¤ e da y eB alf a

ela kTa M ge nH mi nEmnC a

t i H ed ol ed ay Gn þ i m vtß ú

.

eB alB ak üm an C aGaT × f a Q an v i e m a kç mK Á b ¤ pl m i n ma n

bTfa v t C a ni ) at c u H k ñ ú gG t ß é n karrl w kdl ; .

dl ; e l akTa M ge nH Kb, I RCabfa eQμ a Hf a t i H ed ol ed ay k ar

bTfa e P aen þ a K W Gñ kd ¾ ce Rm I n Ta M g Lay . eQμ a Hf a

k m © a t; K u N

T u c© r i t e RB a H R bRB w tþ es ckþ I G a Rkk ; . b ¤ Rb RB w t þ Ga R kk ; e RB a H s ¥ ú yed ayk i els

.

eQμ a Hf a

ka yT u c © ri t

e RB a H Rb RB w tþ

.

b : u E n þ G ñ ke na Hd w g

s U m ,I Ta M gBI r y : a g m© a s; .

kmμ F ¶ n ;

eQμ a Hf a hamsY K ’

b ¤ m i n d w gK b ,I ti H e d ol

.

C ak a rt i He d olRBH G ri y C a

ni g hammKÁ

dU c nw g Gnnþ r i y kmμ


- 419 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

E t Cas etk i cä a

KW

l μ m E ké x)a n

.

e RB aH dU ec ñ aH

- 420 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

Gñ kN a

el akCaGñ k F M e na H Ég

eh I y e B al fa

sU mel a km © a s ; T TY l

t i He d olRBH G ri y Ca m © a s ; Rbsi neb I RB HG ri y ³ Cab u K Á l FM C a g

B ak ü rbs ; ´ Edl )aneB alBakü en H ² n w g e l ak m© as ; e Qμ a H

xø Ü n Kb,I e TArkRBHGri y ³enaH

É e N aH

´ m© as ; ) aneB alB aküe nH

GgÁ ú y RCehagsU m xmaeTasfa

²

n w gel ak

s U mela kem tþ a

G t ; e Tas[ dl; ´m © as ; p g cu H . Rbs i n eb I RB HG ri y ³ Tab C ag GBa¢ l I

sU m [Gt; e Tasfa

´ ) aneB alB ak üen H

²

.

sU mel ak m © a s ; ÉeN aH

emt þ a Gt; e Tas[ dl ;

´ m© as ; p gc u H . s U m , I e b I mi nsU mx m aeT as cM eBaHm u x k ¾ K b, I e F V I y: agenaH Ég .

pÁ g

e bI Pi k ç ú Rt ac ; eT AE t 1 rU b TI en aHm i n E mn CaT I e nA r bs;

elakm© a s; s U m sþ a b; B akürbs; ´

P i k ç ú en aH . T I eT Ak ¾ m i n R)akd . K Y re TA r k Pi k ç ú Gñ k q ø a tm Y y rU b

n w gel ak

KY rGg Á ú y RC e h ag

s U m elakemtþ a Gt; e Tas

dl ; ´ p gcu H .

eh I y e B al fa

sU m elakm© as ; T T Y l B ak ü´ Edl )an eBa l

B ak üen H ² n w g elakm © a s ; e Q μ a H ÉeN a H . k al e bI ´ rl w k

e bI RB H Gr i y ³ecosecjeTAka n; T i s

K Y re TA ed ay

dl ; B ak üen a H k¾ ma nes ck þ I e kþ A Rk h a yci tþ ´ n w g eF V I y : a gN a

x ø Ü n Ég b ¤ b B a¢ Ú n s T§ i v i h a ri kCaed I m e T As U m [ ela k Gt ; eT as

l ¥ . P i k ç ú G g Á e na Hn w geB al fa kM u Ki t eRcI n eB kel akm© a s; .

[ .

RBHefr³Gt ; eT as[el akehI y cU rs ¶ b ; ci t þ cu H . e bI m i n Ga ce T A )a n

.

b ¤ m i n G ac bBa ¢ Ú n eT A) an

K Y re TA r k

P i k ç ú Ta M gLay Edle nAk ñ ú gvi h a re na H . e bI Pi k ç ú T aM gL ayT ab Ca g K Y r G gÁ ú y RCeh a g . Rbs i n ebI x < s ; C ag Kb,I b di b tþ i e dayn½ y dU c eBalehI y kñ ú g RBHGri y ³

sU m ,I e dayehtu e naH RBHGri y Cam © as; Rtac ; e T A G t ; e Tas dl ; ´ pg cu H eh I y

.

.

k¾ K b,I p Á g GBa¢ l I e TAkan; T i s Edl eh I y e B al f a

sU m e m tþ ae R) as

Rbs i n eb I RBH G ri y ³enaH

K b ,I eT Ak an ; E R KEdlb ri n i B V a n

br i ni B V an

eh I y e T Aka n ; ) a : q a


- 421 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

s U m el a k[ Gt; eT as[

.

ebI e FV I y: a ge n H

- 422 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

mi nh ams Y K’

/

m i n ha mm KÁ . RbRB w tþ e TA t am Rb Rk tI .

m ñ alsarI b u t þ t fa K teB al k a r] b e m yüe n H k¾ dU ecñ aH . Gñ ke na Hm i n l Hv ac aec j m i n lH

bTfa m i c ä a T i d æ i k a )andl ; m an ka r e X I j vi bri t .

k a r Ki te na He cj m i n l Hbg; Ti dæ i e n aHe cj k ¾

bTfa

e T ogB i tn w g e T A ka n; nrk

m i c ä a T i d æ i k m μ s m aT an a

Rbkan ; k a re F V I ed ay

G M N a cm i cä a T i d æ i KW G ñ k Edldw kna M G ñ k déTk ñ ú g k ay km μ Ca ed I m m an m i c ä aT i d æ i C am U l

eQ μ a H fa

C a k ar R bk an ; km μ

man eRcI n

y : ag ed ay GM N a cén mi c ä a Ti dæ i .

ed ays ½ B Þ f a

vcITuc©rit

n i gkñ ú gm i cä aT i d æ i

sU m, I

el akse ®g Á a He d ays ½ B Þ f a m e n a T u c © r i t ed I m , I s Em þ gdl ; ka r m an eT as eR c I n

.

B i t Nas ;

ka r ti H e d ol RB HG ri y Cam © as ;

m an eT as eR c I n e RB a Hd U cK ñ an w g Gn nþ r i y km μ . s U m , I R B Hm an RBHPaK k¾ ) anRtas; Tu k f a ³ m ñ alsarI b u t þ

.

m ü : a ge T ot e T asdé T mane Tase RcI nCagm i c ä aT i d æ i m i n man . smdU c RB Hm an RB HP a K RT g; R tas ; Tu k f a ³ m ñ alP i k ç ú T a M g L ay

m Y y v i j eTot kareBalbTTaM gBI renH kñ ú g ka r t i H e d ol RBHGri y ³

1

e R b óbd U c P i kç ú d l ; RBm

t faK t mi n

e XI j Fm ’ d éT R tw mEt m Y y Edlman eT as eRcI nd U c m i c ä aT i d æ i en HeL I y T a M g L ay

eT asTaM gL ay

eTasd¾ é R kEl g bTfa k a y s S

2

.

mñ al Pi k ç ú

m i cä aT i d æ i m an

.

e P T a e RB aH ka yE bk F ø a y K W e RB aH

l Hb g; xn § E dl manc i tþ R K b ; R K g .

e da ysI l s m a Fi bB aØ a Kb ,I j ú a M gG rh t þ p l [se Rm c kñ ú gb c © ú b ,n ñ E tm ü : a g y: a gNa

1 mCÄimnikay mUlbNÑask³ / 2 GgÁútþrnikay Ékni)at


- 423 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

brmμrNa

kals ø a b; eT A

KW

- 424 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gka rk an ; y k

d w gt ² mkfaCakarbg ç i tb gç M . m ü : a gv i j eTot el aksE mþ gdl ; k M eNI t ti rc ä an ed a y

x n§ Edle kI t eL I g k ñ ú gl M d ab ; e n aH . m ü : a gv i j eTot

bTfa

kaysS

ePTa

KW

e RB a Hd a c;

G ) a y s ½ B Þ . k M e NI t t i r cä a n eQμ a Hf a G ) a y eRB a HR)as c a ks u K t i

C I v i ti ®n Þ i y .

.

TuKÁti

mi n E mn G )a y

e R B a Hn a K raC C ae dI m

bTfa b r m μ r Na K W m u n c u t i ci t þ .

E dlmansk þ × FM k¾ e kI t . e l a ks E mþ g bi ti þ v i s ½ y KW T I e nA

b T T aM gL ay ma nC a GaT × y : ag en Hf a G ) a y M C ae v v cn ³

rbs ; e R bt e da y T u K Á t i s½ B Þ . B i t ehI y b i tþ i v i s ½ y m an Ta M gG) a y ni gT u K Á ti e RB a H

rbs ; n r k . eQ μ a H fa n i r i y e RB aH R )as ca k esc kþ I ce R mI n Edlsnμt;fa

CabuNüEdlCaehtuénsYK’

nigniBVan

.

R) as ca ks u K t i

n i ge RB aH C apø Ú v eTAénT u kç

c M E Nkv i n i ) a t

e Q μ a H f a G ) a y e RB a Hm i n m anesc k þ I s u x b ¤ e s ckþ I ce Rm I n .

m i n Em nb i t þ i v i s ½ y

eQ μ a H fa T u K Á t i eRB a HCapø Ú v CaT I G a Rs ½ y rbs ; T u k ç .

sE mþ g Gsu r kay ed ay v i n i ) a t s½ B Þ . e RB aH Gs u r kay en aH

m ü : a gv i j eTot e Tas eRc I n

eQ μ aH f a

Kti ek I te da ykm μ Ga R k k; TuKÁti

.

eQ μ aH f a

e RB aH ma n

vini)at

eRBaHCa

T I Fø a k; eT Akan; k a rGs ; G M N a c rbs ; b u K Á l e F V I G a Rk k ; . m ü : a gv i j eTot

eQμ a Hf a

vini)at

e RB aH Ca T I F ø ak; e TA

k a n; kE nø gv i n as KW Gvyv ³t U cF M E bk F ø a yvi n as e TA . eQ μ a H fa n i r y e RB aH m i n ma nes ck þ I c eRm I n Edl ) an

eRB aH mi nF ø ak; e TA

.

d U cC aGsu r

.

elak

m an T a M gG )a y n i g Tu KÁ t i e da yGt ß dU ceB aleh I y . e l ak e h A fa

vini)at

e RB aH r ag k ay T a M gGs ; F ø a k; eT A

sE mþ gdl ; n r kb : u e N Ñ a H

ma ne RcI n R bk a r

.

el ak

m an Gev cI C a ed I m

e da y n i r y s½ B Þ . bTfa ] b ,n ñ a KW c U l dl ; e h I y )andl ; ek I teh I y . K b ,I R Ca b Fm ’ cM ENkx ags

ed ayp Þ ú yK ñ an w g k a rEd l e B al


- 425 - Gdækfa TiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs

- 426 - Gdækfa bBa©jaNbkiNÑk³

eh I y .

k ñ ú gjaN 5 T aM ge nH \ T § i v i F Ba Ø a N r Em gRb RB w tþ eT A

t e T Ae n H C aes c kþ I v i e ss m nu s Se day

suKti

.

.

el akse ®g Á a HK t i r bs ;

se ® gÁ a H K ti rbs; eTv t aed ay

sKÁ

k ñ ú gG a rm μ N _ 7 eday G M N a cén b ri tþ a r mμ N _ 1 / mhK Á ta rm μ N _ 1 / Gt I t a rm μ N _ 1 / Gn a Kt a rm μ N _ 1 / bc © ú b ,n ñ a rm μ N _ 1 / GCÄtþ a rm μ N _ 1 / Bh i T § a r mμ N_ 1 .

s½BÞ . k ñ ú gbT fa s u K t w sK Á M e l ak M e na H m an es ckþ I d U c t

e s a t F a t u v i s u T § i B a Ø a N rEmgRbRB w t þ eT Ak ñ ú g G ar m μ N _ 4

e TA en H eQμ a Hf a su K t i e RB a HeT Ae da yl¥ . eQ μ a Hf a s K Á

e da yG M N ac é n b ri tþ a rm μ N _ 1 / b c © ú b, nñ a rmμ N_ 1 / GC Ä -

e RB aHl ¥ Rbes I red ayvi s½ y ma nr U b Ca e d I m . s U m, I T aM g Gs ;

t þ a rm μ N _ 1 / Bh i T § arm μ N _ 1 .

e na HeQ μ a Hf a

elak

e RB a HGt ß f a

EbkFø ay

.

ecetabri B aØ a N rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g Garmμ N _ 8 eday

en HC a k ar

G F i b , ayB a k ü . b T T aM g Gs ; m an C aGaT × f a T i e B V n c kç ú n a

G M N a cén br i tþ a r mμ N_

edayTi B V c kç ú CaBaküsru b edayRbkardU e cñ H . esckþ I s egç b

N a rm μ N _

k ñ ú gbT en H

G n aK t ar m μ N _ 1 / bc© ú b ,n ñ arm μ N _ 1 / Bh i T § a r mμ N_ 1 .

m an y: a ge n H f a

TieBVn

ckçúna

bsSti

rEmg

1

/

1

/

mh KÁ t a rm μ N _

m KÁ a r mμ N_

bu e BV n i v asanu s Sti B aØ a N

e XI j ed ay c kç ú T i B V . 8 ¬ cb;GtßkfaTiBVckçúBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

e d ay GM N ac é n bri t þ a rm μ N _

Gb ,m aN arm μ N _

1

/

1

/

1

/

Gb,ma-

G t I ta r mμ N _

1

/

rEmgRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g Garmμ N _ 1

mKÁ a rm μ N _

/

mhK Á t ar m μ N _

1

/

1

/

1

/

G t I ta r mμ N _

GCÄt þ a rm μ N _ 1 / Bh i T § a r mμ N_ 1 / nv tþ B V a r mμ N _ 1 . TiBVckçúBaØaN

r Em gRb RB w tþ eT Ak ñ ú g G ar m μ N _ 4 e da y


- 427 - Gdækfa bBa©jaNbkiNÑk³

G M N a cén br i tþ a r mμ N_

1

/

b c © ú b ,n ñ a r mμ N _

1

- 428 - Gdækfa GasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs

/

G CÄ tþ a -

Gdæ k fa Gasvkç y BaØ a Nni e TÞ s

rm μ N _ 1 / Bh i T § a r mμ N _ 1 . y f a k m μ Ú b K B aØ a N

rEmgRbRB w t þ eT Ak ñ ú g G ar m μ N _

e da yG M N ac é n b ri t þ a rm μ N _

1

/

mhK Á t ar m μ N _

1

5 /

G t I ta r mμ N _ 1 / GC Ä tþ a rm μ N _ 1 / Bh i T § a r m μ N _ 1 . G n a K tM s B a Ø a N

1

/

mhK Á t þ a r mμ N _

e nH

.

bTm an C aed I mf a

G n B aØ a t B a Ø s S a m I t i ® n Þ i y M

m an G tß

d U c) an eBaleh I y .

rE mg R b RBw t þ e TA k ñ ú g Ga rm μ N _

e da yG M N ac é n b ri t þ a rm μ N _

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y kñ ú gG asv k ç y B aØ aNn i e TÞ s d U ct eT A

8 1

/

bTfa

z a n an i

Kcäti

rEmgdl ; z an³b u : n μ a n

Ca

B ak üsY r ed I m , I k M N t; z an³Edlek I té n\®n Þ i y mY y ² .

Gb ,m aN arm μ N _ 1 / mKÁ a r mμ N _ 1 / G n aK t ar m μ N _ 1 / GCÄt þ a rm μ N _ 1 / Bh i T § a r mμ N_ 1 / nv tþ B V a r mμ N _ 1 .

kti

bTfa G F i b , ay fa

ÉkM

zanM

Kcäti

rE m ge kI t k ñ ú g z an ³

rE mgdl ; za n³ 1

.

1

el ak

z an ³ » k asE d l e kI t

el akeB al fa z a n ³ e RB aH m anT I ta M g . ¬ cb; bBa©jaNbkiNÑk³ ¦

bTfa q z a n a n i zan³6 KW kñ ú gxN³ m KÁ ni g pl 6 . k ñ ú g\ ®n Þ i y

3

3

manGnB a Ø a tB aØ s S a mI ti ® nÞ i y C aed I m é n \ ®n Þ i y

TaM g LayedI m ,I s Emþ g fa \®nÞ i y mY y ² Ca\®nÞ i y d¾ é RkElg . el akeT I b eB albTm an C aed I m f a s T § i ® n Þ i y M G F i e m a k ç b ri v a r M e h at i

mans T§ i ®n Þ i y

E dlm ank a r be g¥ anc i tþ e C OC abr i v a r

el akeB al GF i e ma k ç C aed I m

.

e da y GM N a ck i c© é ns T§ i ®n Þ i y Ca


- 429 - Gdækfa GasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs

e dI m

kñ ú gbT ma nC a GaT × fa s T § i ® n Þ i y s S

- 430 - Gdækfa GasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs

GFi e m a k ç e d æ a

man

sS i ®n Þ i y kñ ú g m KÁ s m,y u tþ ed ay] ebkç a . m ü : a ge T ot

G t ß fa b eg¥ anc i tþ eCOéns T§ i ®n Þ i y y : a gN a / sU m, I kñ ú gT I e nH k ¾ dU ecñ aH

el akeBalf a

bT f a

b ri v ar én kar b eg ¥ an ci t þ e C O

KW

G F i e m ak ç b ri v a r M

e ha t i

Ca

bBa Ø i ® n Þ i y M

BaØ s SamI t i ® nÞ i y enaHÉg

bB aØ i ®n Þ i y

el akeBalGnB aØ a t-

eFV I e sckþ I e pSgKñ a edI m ,I s Emþ g sPaB

n i g k ñ ú gxN ³pl

es amnsS i ® n Þ i yCa br i v ar én ci t þ

.

es amnsS

n i ge cts i k

ed ayki c ©

KW

dU c Tw k Cabri v arénemS: A m: t ; C RmHxø Ü n kñ ú g evlamu C

bT en H .

CI v i t i ®n Þ i y ma n

EdlkM B u g RbRBw t þ e TACabri v ar

sn þ a nEdlkM B u g Rb RB w tþ eT A

.

PaB CaGF i b tI

eQ μ a H fa G F i e t y ü P aB Ca GF i btI é nk a rC a b; bn þ E dl kM B u g R b RB w t þ e TA eQ μ a H fa b v t þ s n þ t aF i b e t y ü . CI v i ti ®n Þ i y Ca b ri v arénGnB a Ø a tB aØ s Sa m I t i ® n Þ i y e RB aH Cabc© ½ y énkarRbRBw t þ e TAxagelI é nCI v i t i ® nÞ i y EdlkM B u g RbRBw t þ

bTfa G P i s n Þ n br i v a rM ma nes ck þ I e R tk G r Ca b ri v ar KW

Twk

G F i b ,ay fa

e dI m, I s E mþ g e s ckþ I B i s þ a ré n

k i c © r bs ; b B aØ a .

kareBjci t þ

bv tþ s n þ t a F i b e ty ü b r i v a r M

K W ka r Ca b ; b nþ E dlkM Bu g Rb RB w t þ e TA eQ μ a Hf a b v t þ s n þ i .

d w g . s U m , I kñ ú gG P i F m ’ el akk ¾ E c kbB aØ a mY y Tu k 8 c M ENk k ñ ú gxN³ mK Á

bTfa

sPaBCaGFi b tI k ñ ú g karCab; b nþ

bTfa b ri v a r M C al i g Á v i b l ø as .

m an k a r

m i n ep þ I m eLI g C ab r i v ar éns m, yu tþ F m ’ T aM gL ay .

sT § i ® nÞ i y C abr i v a re da yki c © é n

k a r be g¥ anc i tþ e C O . s U m ,I k ñ ú gbT d¾ ess k ¾ ma nn ½ y en H .

bTfa

K b, I ka n; y k] e b kç i ®n Þ i y e na H fa

e TA

n i ge RB aH PaBCaGF i b tI é n karCab ; b nþ

Edl R bRBw tþ e T A

e da yG M N ac é n xa ge dI m ni gx a gcu g . b T m an C aed I m f a

e s a t ab t þ i m KÁ k ç e N

Cata

elakeBaledI m ,I

el akeB aled ayGM N a cmK Á s m, yu t þ e da y

Fm’ T aM g LayekI t kñ ú g xN³énesatabtþ i p l

K b, I e X I j

sE mþ gdl ; K u N é n Fm ’ s m,y u tþ ed aymK Á T a M g BY g .

]ebk ç i ®n Þ i yk ñ ú g z a n³é nesa mn -

Fmμa


- 431 - Gdækfa GasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 432 - Gdækfa GasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa m KÁ k ç e N C a t a F m’ T a M g L ay e kI t k ñ ú gxN³ én mKÁ

.

eQ μ a H fa n i B V a n a r m μ N a e RB aH ma nn i B V a nCaGarm μ N _ .

k¾ mi n

bTfama nCaGaT × fa \ m a n i G d æ i ® n Þ i y a n i m an \ ®n Þ i y 8

)aneQμ a Hf a ku s lCaed I m . d U e c ñ a H kal n a M r U ben a Hec jeT A

el akeB ale dI m, I s Em þ gP aB Cab r i v ar dU c)aneB aleh I y kñ ú g

e TI beB alfa z e b t V a c i t þ s m u d æ a n M r U b M e R kA GM B I r U bm an c i t þ Ca

k al mu n

sm u d æ an

GakardU c)aneB alehI y kñ ú gx ag ed I m .

m i n Em nF m’ d éT

.

.

KW

Fm ’ E dl t aM ge nAk ñ ú gm KÁ Ta M ge na H

E dlR b RBw t þ eT Ax ø H .

e RB aH r U b s U m , I ta M gen A kñ ú g xN³mKÁ

e RBa H fa

F m’ Ta M gL ayT a M g BY g e n aH

C aku s l

e da yG t ß f a m an ka rTm ø ayv tß ú KY re x< I m C aed I m . F m’ Ta M g e n a H e FV I ni B V an[Ca Garm μ N _ e h I y

R bRB w t þ e TA ehI y

.

e Qμ a H f a

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bTfa eF V I n i B V a n[C aGarm μ N _

eQ μ a H fa n i y ü an i k a e RB aH na M e cjc a kv d þ ³ .

Kamiena

eRBaHe F V I ni B V a n

R) as ca keT A

eBalKW

k a rm i n sn SM

[CaGa rm μ N _ eh I y R bRB w tþ eT A

bT fa

Gdæi®nÞiyani

KW

ni g

\ ® nÞ i y

8

s h C a t b ri v a r a

ma nsh Ca t Cab r i v ar

KW

\ ® nÞ i y 7 e R kAB I e naH RBmeday\®nÞ i y m Y y ² k ñ ú g \ ®nÞ i y 8 C as h C at

F m ’ E dl eBa l KW k u s l Gku s l eQ μ a H f a G b c y -

sh Kteday\®n Þ i yen a H

RBmedaybBaØ i ®nÞ i y m an n½ yd U c eB aleh I y k ñ ú g kalm u n .

G n a s v a eRBaHmi nman Gasv³ . F m ’ T aM gL ay k at; m U l é nvd þ ³

PaB C aFm’ m an G aT ×

b ri v ar

.

e T I b eQμ a Hf a m ü : ag eT ot

m an s h C at é n \ ®n Þ i ye na H Ca

Fm’déT ²

Ca

G B a Ø m B a Ø b ri v ara

KW

e RB a H k a r

m an F m’ déT ² Ca b ri v ar ed ay Rbk a rd U e c ñ H . F m’ Ta M gL ay

rEmgdl ; k a r

manFm’ E dlGaRs½ y Kñ a Cabri v ar manFm’ E dlRbkbKñ a Cabri v ar

m i n s nS M . eQ μ a H fa G b c y K am i e n a eRB a Hmi n s nS M K W k m © a t; v t ß ú

é nK ñ a n i g K ñ a y : a ge n a Hd U cK ñ a . bTfa s h K t a

KW dl ; Pav ³m an ek I t rY mKñ a Ca mY yn w g


- 433 - Gdækfa GasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 434 - Gdækfa GasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs

G n B aØ atBa Ø s S a mI t i ® nÞ i y e n aH . bTfa

shCata

KW

C a bTs ru b m an Rbk ard U c eBaleh I y .

e k I t RB mKñ a Ca mY yGnB aØ a tB aØ -

s S a mI ti ® nÞ i y e n aH .

B Y k 8 é n \ ® nÞ i y m Y y ² 8 e d ay G M N a cBY k 8 B Y k mY y ²

bTfa s M s d æ a K W T ak ; TgK ñ a C am Y y Gn B a Ø a t Ba Ø s S a mI -

k ñ ú gm KÁ ni gp l 8 . bTfa c t u s d æ I eh an þ i KW r Y m C aGa k a r 6 4 .

t i ®n Þ i y e na H . bTfa

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H b Tfa G d æ d æ k an i \ ®n Þ i y 8 B Y k K W

sm,yutþa

KW

Rb kb ed ay ma nk are kI t r Y m Kñ a

es μ I K ñ aC am Y y Gn B a Ø t B aØ s Sa m I t i ® n Þ i yen a H .

b T m an C aGa T × f a

Gasva

m an e s ckþ I d U c eB alehI y

k ñ ú gx ag eR ka ye na H Ég .

bTfa e t v )andl ; Fm ’ K W \ ®n Þ i y 8 T aM g e n a HÉ g .

k ñ ú gT I e n HKb, I R Cab fa

el akmi n ) aneB aldl ; Gasv ³

bTfa tsS )an dl; G n B aØ atBa Ø s S a mI t i ® nÞ i y .

E dllHedayGrht þ m KÁ b : u e N Ñ a He T

bTfa G a k a r a KW cM EN kEdl Ca b r i v ar .

e da ym KÁ

bTfa plk ç e N C a ta F m μ a s eB V v G B ü a kt a e h anþ i

dl;karGs;Gasv³

3

B Y kd¾ ess .

el akeB aldl ; k a rl H

ed ayRtw mE t Ca B a kü e B al Fmμ t a eRBaHelakeBaldl;GrhtþmKÁ-

F m ’ T aM gL ay Edle k I t k ñ ú g xN³énpl Ta M gG s; CaGB üakt³ .

BaØ a Nfa xey jaNM jaNkñ ú g karGs; e TA eRBaHGs; G asv³

KW elakeBalRBmCamY y rU b Edlmanci t þ C asmu d æ a n eRBaHsU m ,I

m i n m an Gas v ³ GV I ² sl ; e L I y . d U e cñ a H elakeT I b e B al f a

r U b k¾ C aGBü a kt

RBHGrhn þ x I N a RsB e da yR b ka r dU ecñ H .

n i k³

.

e l ak mi neBalfa

ni gCaGbc yKamI

C a ni yü an i k ³

Caku s l

kñ ú gxN³ én pl

n i gC aGb cy Kam I

.

Can i y üa -

e RB a Hm K Á C a k u s l

bTm an C aGaT× f a

\ti

¬ cb; GdækfaGasvkçyBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 435 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

- 436 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

P i k ç ú Gñ k c ak; Fø ú H s c © ³ eh I y

Gdæ k fa sc© B aØ a Nctu k Tvyni e TÞ s

bdi e vFBaØ a NEdlCaelaku t þ r ³eFV I [ CaGarmμ N _

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g s c© B a Ø a Nc t u kTvy ni eT Þ s d U ct

G a T× f a

m an Gt ß d U c) an eBalT u keh I y

m KÁ s m g Á i s S

jaNM

T u e kç e b t M

.

j aN M

el akG ñ kma nes ckþ I RBm e RB og ed ay mK Á

.

Bi tN as;

sc © j aN man

b u K Á l en a H rE mg e X I j s U m , I T u k ç s m u T y . r E mg

bTm an C a

eXI j sU m ,I T u k ç n i e raF . rEmgeXI j sU m ,I T u k ç n i e raF-

jaNé n

Kami n I b d i b T a d U e c ñ H .

e nH CaT u kç j aN

2

y:ag

KW

el aki y³ 1 ela k u t þ r ³ 1 . el ak i y ³ m an 2 KW Gn u e B a-

K b ,I eBaldl ; T u kç Ta M g Gs ;

G n u e B aF i B aØ a N

rEmg R b RBw t þ e TAkñ ú g ni eraF

edayGM N ackar)ansþ a b; m kCaedI m R b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gT u k ç

n i g sm u T y³

énGaTi k mμ i k Pi k ç ú

n i gm K Á .

rEmg

ed ayG M N ac e FV I [ Ca Gar-

s U m ,I elaku t þ r³ en aH

d w gT u k ç

.

b : u e N Ñ aH

.

sU m, I kñ ú g n i e T Þ s e nH

edayv ar³en H

.

el akeB ale dI m, I s Em þ gf a

E t k ñ ú gT I e nH e RB aH dU ecñ a H

T u e kç

mü : ag eT ot elaku tþ r³ j aN M

kar

el ak b M N gyke l ak i y B aØ aN RBHs ar I b u t þ e tß r eT I b eBalfa

ttß

ktmM Tu e kç jaNM kñ ú g jaNTaM g enaH Tu k ç B aØ a aNetI d U c emþ c ? . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa T u k ç M G a r B Ö R )a rB § T u k ç K W k a r

mμN_ . b c © e v kç NB aØ aN

el akk ¾ e B aldl ; T u kç en HÉg

.

rEmg)ann U v eQ μ a HT a M g L aym an Ca GaT × fa

F i B a Ø a N 1 b c © e v kç NB aØ aN 1 .

rEmgcak; F ø ú H

m ñ a l P i k ç ú T a M g L ay b u K Á l NaeX I j T u k ç .

el akeB ale dayG M N ac k a rR ta s; dw gE tmü : ag d U c k ñ ú g BY k 4 t a mlM dab ;

.

sc© ³ 4 edayki c © . dU c RBHmanRBHPaKCam© a s; R tas; T u k fa

e T A e n H . b T m an C aedI m f a T u k ç s S b I L ned æ a s P aBeb o t e b oné nT u k ç

e d ay GM N a ceF V I [ C aGa rm μ N _

rEm g Rb RB w tþ eT Akñ ú gsc © ³ 4 rbs ;

k M N t ; T u k ç s c© / K W e FV I [Ca Ga r mμ N _ .


- 437 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a e TA en H

/

eQ μ aH f a

e F V I G tß en aH

²

bBaØa

bBaØa

[R)akd

K b, I RCabGFi b , ay dU c t

eRBaHGtß fa

.

- 438 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

[dwg

mü: a gv i j eTot

e RB aH dw g Fm ’ T a M g L aye da yRb karen a H

²

e B alK W

eQ μ a H

bBaØa

m an ka rm i n eT o g

e k asl ø M . P a B C a Gñ km : t; c t; eQμ a Hf a e nb u B a Ø M . eQμ a Hf a evPBüa

KW

k a r C ak ; c , as;

Caed I m [Ca k ; c, as;

cinþa

c , as; eQμ a H b C an n a . eQμ a Hf a v i c y e RB a He R CI s e rI s

Caed I m

dl ; ka r mi neTogCaed I m

e T og C aed I m .

bTf a

bvicy

k a rRs av R C av

e p þ I mbT]bs KÁ cu H eT A )andl ; k a re R C I s erI s ed ayT U e TA . eQ μ a H fa

Fmμvicy

eQ μ a H fa

sl ø k ç N a

e RB aH k a ryk ci tþ Tu kd ak; c tu s c © F m ’

k a rk M N t ; l ¥ ed ayGM N a ck a rk M N t ;

k a r mi n e T og C ae dI meda y Rb éB . el akeB al fa enaHÉg KW

]blkç N a

k a r cU l eT Ak M N t ; c M e B aH b , ay fa

b NÐ i t

karcU l eTAkM N t; .

eQ μ a H fa

bc© ú b lkç N a

bNÐic©M

.

GFi-

k a r cU l eT Ak M N t ;

m an karm i n eT o gCa ed I m Ta M gen a H

eQμ a Hf a

slø k ç N ³

edayep S gKñ a Rt g ; ] bsKÁ .

k a r kM Nt ; y : ag x< s ;

G a Rs ½ y Fm ’

.

² .

PaB CaG ñ k q ø at

P aB C a eQμ a Hf a

eQμ a Hf a

G M N a cK i tdl ; ka r mi neTogCaed I m

Caed I m . b T e n H Cas Pav bT rbs; bBa Ø aen a H . Gaka rd w g

.

.

e da y GM N a cj ú a M gk a rm i n eT o g ci n þ a .

k a r Ki t

mü : ageT ot

ed ay eQμ a Hf a

eRB a Hj ú a M gb u K Á l E dle kI t ka r K i t [ Ki tdl ; ka r mi ne T og .

eQ μ aH f a

bTfa

PUri

bB a Ø a dU cE pn dI

KW

]bbrikça

e R B a HB i c a r Na dl; ka r m i n

E pnd I

eQμ a H f a

ed ayGtß fa

/

PUri

e RB aH ma n

m : t; c t ; e h I y ed ay

Gtß f a

FM

T U l ay . m ü : a gv i j eTot bBaØ ae na H Ég el ak eBalf a P U r i e RB aH G tß f a e R tk G r kñ ú g G t ß E dlB i t . eQ μ a H fa

emFa

e RB a H G tß fa

sm ø ab ;

KW

T M l ay

ki e lsdU c epø k benÞ a r Tmø a yvtß ú E dlbgá r edaysi l a dU e cñ a H . m ü : a gv i j eTot

eQμ a H

emFa

e RB aH G tß f a

k an ; y k

n w gR T RT g; Tu k ) an rh ½ s . eQμ a Hfa bri N ayi k a eRBaHGtß f a rEmgnaM j aNEdl


- 439 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

e k I t e n Akñ ú g sm ,y u tþ Fm ’

ni g bd i e v FFm ’

- 440 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

E dl kM N t; t am

es ckþ I B i t kñ ú gk a rb di b tþ i ed I m ,I Rb ey aC n_ dl ; x ø Ü n . eQ μ a H fa

vibsSna

e RB aH G tß f a

e XI j Fm ’ e RcI ny : a g

RbéB . PaBénkard w g RBmen aH eQμ a Hf a sm,CB a Ø . bB a Ø a dU c CaC n ø Ü j

c i t þ e ka gE dls Þ ú He TA eRk A p ø Ú v

ed I m , I [ cU l p ø Ú v

e RBa H c ak; e da t dU c Cn ø Ü j ca k ;

kñ ú g lkç N ³eXI j . PaBCaFM KW bBaØ a eQμ a Hfa bBaØ i ® nÞ i y .

\ ® nÞ i y C abB aØ a

eQ μ a H f a

burissS \®nÞiyM b u r i s i ®n Þ i y

.

kald U e c ñ a H

el a km i n eB al bTen H fa

bB a Ø i ® n Þ i y

burisi®nÞiyM

e RB a Hm i n

bB a Ø a dU c Cas ®sþ a

e RB aH G tß f a

k a t; ki e ls

eT I b

d U c b Tm an C aGa T × f a

\ ® nÞ i y r bs ; b u rs

el akeT I b eB alfa

bB a Ø a e n aHÉg e Qμ a Hf a b B a Ø i ® n Þ i y KW bB aØ a Ca F M .

bB a Ø a dU c CaR) as aT

e R B a H Gtß fa

eL I geT Ax < s ;

eT I b

bBaØ a dU c CaBnø W

eRBaHGtß f a

eFV I [ Pø W s V a g

eTI b eQμ a H

f a b B a Ø a d U c Bn ø W . bB a Ø a C a rsμ I e RB aH G tß f a eF V I [ P ø W e TI beQ μ a H f a b B a Ø a

eQμ a Hfa \®nÞ i y KW PaBCaFM eRBaHGtß f a eFV I P aBCaFM

.

bBa Ø a Ca km ø aM g

eQ μ a H fa b B a Ø a d U c R ) as aT .

es HE dlrt ; eT Ae RkApø Ú v e dI m, I [ eL I g f ñ l ; dU e c ñ a H .

el akGFi b , ay Tu ky : ag Na

KW

eQ μ a H fa b B a Ø a d U c s ®s þ a .

eQμ a Hfa sm,Can eRBaHdw g karmi n eTogCaedI m eday

b e t ae T a

b B a Ø a Bl

j ab ; j ½ reTAedayGv i C ¢ a .

e da yG M N ac k a rm i n e T o g C ae dI m .

eQ μ a H fa

eQ μ a H fa

eQμ a Hf a \®n Þ i y

KW

CarsμI . bBaØ a ru g erOg

eRBaHGtß f a

eFV I [ Pø W c ,as;

eTI b eQμ a Hfa

b B a Ø a ru g e r Og . B i t N as ; el akFatu m Y y m u W n manBn ø W E tm Y y ma n k a r P ø W s V a gE tm Y y manbBaØ a

m an ka r ru ge rOgEtm Y y

rEm g R )a kd d l ; G ñ k

Gñ k GgÁ ú y edayblø ½ g á E tmY y

edayehtu e naHelak

e TI beB alb T bBa Ø a b e C ¢ a e t a en a H .


- 441 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

- 442 - Gdækfa sc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs

mü: a geTot kñ ú g 3 bTenH sU m ,I e daybTmY y k¾ s eRmc es ckþ I d U cK ñ a

dU cE dl RBH m an RB HP a KC am © a s;

RTg ; s E mþ g

RBHs U RtedayGF üaRs ½ y é nstV T aM gL ay fa m ñ a l P i k ç ú T a M g L ay RBHc½nÞ

1

B n ø W r b s ; R BHGaT i t ü

rbs;bBaØa 1 . Ég

.

BnøWman

4

1

m ñ a l P i k ç ú T a M g L ay

Bn ø W

y:agKW

BnøWrbs; 1

BnøW

BnøW 4 y:ag TaMgenH

4

TaMgenH

Bn ø W é nb B a Ø a

Rbes I r C a gB n ø W B Y k déT .

.

eRBaHelakEckesckþ I E dlmanedayGakar

m i n t i c . T a M g G ñ k déTrE mgd w g ed ay R bka rd éT .

kareRtkGr

jú a M g kareRtkGr[ekI t

fø w g mi n )an

Carbs; e RbI R )as; r bs; s tV y : a gs¥ a t

eFV I [ vi c i R trk)anlM ) ak

bTfa

Fmμvicy

man G tß dU c

sE mþ gesc kþ I E dl Gemah ³Cabdi b kç cM e B aHemah ³ ehtu e naHelakeTI b sM E dgbTenHTu k fa s Rt Ú v

Rt w mE te mah³ mü : ageT

.

Gemah³enaH

e da y mi n Emn

b : u En þ C ab di b kç cM e BaHemah³

k ñ ú gn i e T Þ s enH el akb M N gy kG e m ah ³

e B alKW

k ar Bi c a -

KW

bTfa s m μ a T i d æ i )andl ; k u s lT i d æ i E dl na M s tV ecj e TA ) any : ag Bi tR)akd

.

el akeB alBaküs Y rT u k

dUecñH .

¬ cb; Gdækfasc©BaØaNctukTvynieTÞs ¦

ka r mi nve g V g

e d ay

jaN Tu k ç n i e raFKami n I b di b TajaN etI d U c emþ c edayRbkar

eTI b eQμ a H

f a b B a Ø a r tn M bB a Ø a dU crt n³ . Gemaeha

.

b ¤ m i n ve g V g e T A

se g ç b fa k ñ ú gjaN Ta M ge na H Tu k ç s mu Tyj aN Tu kç n i e r aF -

bB a Ø a dU c r tn ³ e RB a H Gtß f a e FV I e s ckþ I e Rt kG r [m an

eQ μ a H fa

k ñ ú gG a rm μ N _ e d ayxø Ü n É g

.

rNaFm’ .

s U m ,I kñ ú gn i e TÞ s en H RB He fr ³k ¾ s E mþ ge da yG n u r U bdl ; RBHsU R tenaH

mi nQø k; v e gV geT Ae da yeht u en aH

eBalehI y / k¾ e RBaHehtu N aelakeTI b eBaleTot . edI m ,I

B nø W r b s ; e P ø I g

m ñ a l P i k ç ú T a M g L ay

L ay

e RB a Hs tV T aM g

3


- 443 - Gdækfa suT§ikbdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

- 444 - Gdækfa suT§ikbdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

G t ß Ca ed I m e da yRbéB .

Gdæ k fa su T § i k bdi s mÖ i T ajaNni e TÞ s K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y d U ct eT AenH

.

kñ ú gsu T§ i kbd i s m Ö i T aj a Nn i e T Þ s

RBHs arI bu t þ e tß r m i n ) ans E mþ gdl ; Rbe PT é n

j aNT aM gen H

d U cx ag e Rk ay

es ckþ I e pSgK ñ a

eT I beB albT m an C aGaT × fa

Gtßb,dismÖiTa

k ñ ú gbT fa ] bl k ç e N kñ ú g ka r c U l e TAs mÁ al ; KW k ñ ú g

G e tß s u

j aN M

eQ μ aH fa

Gt ß b ,d i s m Ö i T a

s U m ,I kñ ú ges ck þ I m i n ma n ka re p SgKñ aé nbB aØ a

el ak eTI b e B a l

fa

j aN kñ ú gG t ß

e RB aHj aNT aM g e n Hmi n m an

G t ß n an e t þ

G t ß b ,d i s m Ö i e T

bB a Ø a

j aN M

bB aØ a kñ ú g

esckþ I e pSgKñ a énGtß CaGtß b ,di s mÖ i T ajaN eRBaHmanesckþ I e pS g Kñ ae day G M N a cRt w mE tk a rca k ; Fø ú Hc t u s c © Fm ’ . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa n a n et þ kñ ú gesckþ I epSgKñ a K W k ñ ú gP av³ mi n t i c é n Gtß C aed I m bTfa

vv t ß a e n

KW

kñ ú gka rse RmcGtß

bePeT

kñ ú g Rb e P T

sl ø k ç e N

KW

k ñ ú ges ckþ I e pS g Kñ aén

G t ß Ca ed I m . bTfa

bPaven

kñ ú gk arR)akd

KW

k ñ ú g karek I tén Gt ß

kñ ú g PaB P ø W s V a g KW

kñ ú g k ars M E d gGt ß

Caed I m e day eFV I [ R )ak d . bTfa

eCaten

Caed I m . bTfa v i e r a c e n

kñ ú ges ckþ I r u ge rOg K W k ñ ú g ka rsE m þ g

G t ß Ca ed I m e R cI ny : a g . bTfa

bkasen

kñ ú gk a r Rb k as

el akeB al

e F V I bTfa

G M N a cT U e TAén bTT a M g G s;

Caed I m . bTfa

bTfa

KW

k ñ ú gka rRbkas

G t ß Ca ed I m .

.

k ñ ú g k ar k M N t ;

k a re XI j Gtß Caed I m eRc I n eLI g .

k ñ ú gka rsm Á a l; KW kñ ú g k a reX I j

e da yG M N ac é n RB He s a t ab nñ

n a n etþ

[ Ca m U l bTeday

el akeB albTfa

. .

eB albTfa

vv t ß a e n

sl ø k ç e N


- 446 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 445 - Gdækfa suT§ikbdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs

] bl k ç e N

ed ayG M N ac én RB Hs kT aK am I

.

eB albTfa

Gdæ k fa }®nÞ i y berabri y tþ B aØ a Nni e TÞ s

b e Pe T b P a v e n ed ayG M N a cén RB HG na K am I . eBalb Tf a e C a te n v i e race n bkas en e day G M N a cén RB HGrhn þ Kb , I e F V I k ar R bkb kñ ú gbTTa M g e n H e d ay R bk a rd U e c ñ H .

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y kñ ú g \ ® nÞ i e ya b ri y t þ B a Ø aNn i e TÞ s dU c t e T Ae n H ] eT Þ s

¬ cb; GdækfasuT§ikbdismÖiTajaNnieTÞs ¦

3

fa

.

b T fa

t f a K ts S

el akk ¾ e B al fa

j aN

6

s U m ,I mi nm an ed ays ru b kñ ú g

tfaKtsS

e RB aH ela keB alT u k

m i n T U e TA dl; s avkTa M gLay

e RBa Hd U e cñ a H

eTI b kan; y kkñ ú g ni e TÞ s énBaküfa tfaKt EdlseRmcehI y e da yG t ß k ñ ú g ] e TÞ s . bTfa s et þ b s S ti e XI j s t V T a M g L ay KW eQμ a Hfa s tV

e RB a HC a b;

r U b Ca e d I m

.

KW

e RB aH R tÚ v beN þ a yt a med ay qn Þ raK ³ kñ ú g

RB Htf a K tR T g; e X I j

enaHedayckç ú E dlCa

RT g ; R t Ü te mI l s tV Ta M g

\®nÞ i y berabri y tþ B aØ a N

jaNkM N t;

d w gk a rTn ; e x Say n i g c as ; kø aé n\ ®nÞ i y r bs ; s t V T a M g L ay . bTfa bB a Ø a c kç ú e nH G t ß fa

Gb,rCekç

Gñ km an k i e ls

manv i e RK a H fa

eQμ a Hf a

KW

F U l I t i ck ñ ú g

Gb,rCkça

e RB a H

st V ma nF U l I m an r a K³ C a e d I m ti ck ñ ú gc k ç ú KW bB aØ a .


- 447 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

b ¤ fa

e RBaH G t ß f a

s tV ma nF U l I

KW

raK³Ca ed I m

- 448 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

tic

.

E dlst V T aM g e n aH ma n ki els K W FU l I ti c kñ ú gbB aØ a ck ç ú . bTfa k ñ ú gbB aØ a ck ç ú

m h a r Ce kç

G ñ km an k i e ls

manv i e RKaHfa

eQμ a Hf a

KW

bTfa s u v i B a Ø a b e y Tu v i B a Ø a b e y K b ,I [d w g c , as; ) a n

F U l I e R cI n

m h a r Ce kç

e d ol .

e RB aH

edaygay

Kb,I [d w g c,as ; )ane dayRk

k M N t ; e h tu E dleB al

KW

CaGñ k Gac Rt as; dw g

stVBYkNa ) an ed ay g ay

G t ß fa st V m an F U l I ma n ra K³ C aed I m e Rc I n k ñ ú g c k ç ú K W bB aØ a .

s tV Ta M gena H eQ μ a H fa s u v i B a Ø a by a . pÞ ú y K ñ a nw g karRt as ;

b ¤ fa s tV m a n FU l I m an r aK ³C ae dI m e Rc I n .

d w g) an ed ay g aye naH eQμ a Hf a T u v i B a Ø a by a .

bTfa t i k ç i ® n Þ i e y m u T i ® n i Þ e y m an \ ®n Þ i ycas ; k ø a m an \ ® nÞ i y Tn ; e x Say m an \ ®n i Þ y cas ; kø a

.

manv i e R K aHf a

tikçi®nÞiya

m an R b Rk t I e XI j b rel ak

b r e l a kv C¢ P y T s S av i e n a

BY kx ø H

n i ge Tas ed ays PaB C aP ½ y

KW

eQ μ a H fa

b r e l a kv C¢ P yTsSav i e n a

Caed I m cas ; k ø a . eQμ a Hf a m u T i ® n Þ i y a ma n \®nÞ i y Tn ; e xS ay

brelak

n i geT ase da ys PaB Ca P ½ y

e RB aH G tß f a s tV ma n\®n i Þ y m ansT § aC ae dI m Tn ; e x Say .

RbRktI e XI j P½ y déTkñ ú g elak manxn§ e lakCaedI m ni g eTas

GaRkk;

sVakaer

esckþ I f a

TVakaer

s t V m an\®nÞ i y

KW

Geb,kec©

m an s T§ a

bTfa

e R B a H Gtß fa

eQ μ a Hf a

bTfa

m an G a k arl ¥

m an G ak a r

eQμ a Hfa sV a kara KW manGakarl¥ eRBaH

manraK³CaedI m

eQ μ a H fa T V a k a r a K W ma n Ga k arGaRk k ; eRB a HGtß fa st V m an

y : agen Hfa

mancM E Nkmi n ma ns T § aC ae dI m K Y re x< I m K Y r ti H -

e RB a H G tß f a

m an

raK³ Caed I m edaysPaBCaP½ y k ñ ú gn i e T Þ s én bTe nH el ak e TI bm i n eBaldl ; b r e l ak b: u e NÑ a H

KW

m an R b Rk t I e XI j

eRBaHBY k xø H kaleXI j brelaknw g eTas man

G t ß fa stV m an Ga k a r KW ma nc M E Nk mansT § aC ae dI m l ¥ .

Gakar

KW

st V B Y k en a H

.

Kb , I k an ; y ke s c kþ I

m an Rb R k tI eX I j P½ yk ñ ú g b r ela k

n i gk ñ ú g eTasman raK³Caed I m .


- 449 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 450 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa G e b , k e c © n bre la kv C ¢ P y T s S av i e n a B Y kx ø H n i ge Tase daysPaB CaP½ y e nH m an

m i n ) ane XI j brelak

es ckþ I pÞ ú y K ñ an w gbT Edl eBal eh I y e na H

.

m ü: a gvi j e Tot

b u KÁ l en aH

eQ μ a H fa

m h a r Cekç a

eQμ a Hfa GarT§ v I r i e ya Gñ k R)arB§ e sckþ I B üayam eRBaH m an c i t þ R)arB§ esckþ I B üayam

e RB aH G tß f a

Büay amenaH

.

e d ay bT Rb m aN b: u e N Ñ H

E dl

el akbgð ajbT]e TÞ s eh I y .

eQ μ a H fa

/

Gb,rCekça

e T I b eBa lBa kü m an Caed I m f a

eQ μ a H fa

ku s I e T a

C a G ñ k x¢ i l Rc G U s

l i c c u H e d ay G aka rKY re x< I m

s tV ma nk i e ls FU l I e Rc I n k ñ ú gbBa Ø a ck ç ú d U e cñ H .

k u s I e T a e n a HÉ g KW ku s I e t a

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa s e T § a bu K Á l ma nsT § a e RB aH eBal KW

e RB aH FU lI

KW

k ar x ¢ i l

x ¢ i l RcGU s .

G b , r Ce k ç m h a r Ce k ç s tV ma nk i e ls F U l I t i c k ñ ú g bBa Ø a ck ç ú

b u KÁ l m ansT § a

b u KÁ l G ñ k R) a rB § e s ckþ I

RcGU s ni g FU l I KW Gku s ld¾ e ssEdlCab¤ s Kl; é nesckþ I

RBHsarI b u t þ et ß r kaln w ge FV I b d i n i e TÞ s K W k ar b gð aj s ar eLI gv i j n U v n i e TÞ s e Tot

m an F U l I e Rc I nk ñ ú g

bB a Ø a c kç ú eRBaHFU l I man R bk a rd U c eB aleh I y y: a ge Rc I n .

bTfa e lae k a e RB a HGt ß fa Eb kFø ay . bT f a v C ¢ M K W eT as K Y rti H e d ol

KW

ka rQa nc u Hkñ ú g RB H r tn Rt ½ y

.

e RB aH G tß f a

eRB aH m an ka rB üa y aml amk

.

. b u KÁ l Gñ k x ¢ i l R cGU s e naH

eQ μ a H fa m h a r Ce kç a e RB a Hm anF U l I E dll i c c u H m an R bk a r d U ceB aleh I y .

b u KÁ l dl; RBm ed aysT § aen a H eQμ a Hf a Gb , r C ek ç a K W m a n

eQ μ a H fa ] b d æ i t sSt i Gñ k ma n s ti t aM gm a M e R B a Hm an

F U l I ti c kñ ú gbB a Ø a c kç ú eRBaHFU l I K W k a rm i n mans T§ a n i gF U l I

sti c U l eTAtaM g Garmμ N _ T u k maM . bu K Á l enaH eQμ a Hfa Gb,-

KW

r C e kç a e RB a H FU l I K W k a rve gV g n i gF U l I K W G k u s ld ¾ e ss

G k u s ld ¾ e ss

eQ μ a H fa

GsSeT§a

E dl Cab¤ sKl ; é nka r m i n mansT § a KW

.

G ñ k mi nmans T§ a eRBaHmi nmans T§ a

E dlCab ¤ s Kl; én karve gV g .


- 451 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 452 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

eQ μ a H fa

eQ μ a H fa T u b , e B a Ø a KW b u K Á l Gñ km an bB aØ a Ga b ; e RB a H

mudæsSti

K W G ñ k mi nmans μ art I

eRBaHman

sti e Pø c Pø a M g . bu K Á l enaH eQμ a Hfa mharCekç a eRBaHFU l I

m an \ tbB aØ a

m an R bk a rd U ceB aleh I y .

mharC¢ekça

eQ μ a H fa

s m ah i e t a

KW

bu K Á l Gñ km anc i t þ t má l ; ma M

s m ah i e t a

b ¤ ed ay] bcarsmaF i e RB aH Gt ß fa

.

mü : ageT ot

ma nci t þ t a M g ma M

eQμ a Hfa Gb,rCekç a eRBaHFU l I

KW

.

e R B a Hm an F U l I

b u K Á l en aH eQμ a Hf a

m an R bk a rd U c eB aleh I y e d ay

e R cI n . bTfa s eT § a b u K Á e la t i k ç i ® n Þ i e y a bu KÁ l G ñ km ans T§ a

e RB aH t aM gT u k es μ I b¤ fa ed ayRbéB kñ ú gG a rm μ N _ ed ayGb,n as m a Fi

eRB a HvegV ge da yem ah ³

eQ μ a H f a

C a G ñ k man\®nÞ i y c as ; k ø a K W ma nsT § a edaysT§ am an km ø aM g

bu K Á l e naH

EdlekI t eRcI n . man\®nÞ i y cas; k ø a edaysT§ i ® nÞ i y enaHÉg .

karraymayni g FU l I KW

G k u s ld ¾ e ssE dlCab ¤ s Kl ; é n esckþ I raymay .

bTfa

Gs Se T § a b u K Á e l a m u T i ® n Þ i e y a b u K Á l Gñ k mi n

m an s T§ a C a Gñ k man\®nÞ i y Tn ; e x Say K W m i n mansT § a e d a y

bu K Á l manci t þ m i n taM g maM eQμ a Hfa Gsmahi e ta bu K Á l

k a r mi ne COek I teL I g . C ab u KÁ l man\®n Þ i y T n; exSay e day

enaH eQμ a Hfa mharCekç a eRBaHmanFU l I manRbkardU c eBal

sT§ i ® nÞ i y mankM l aM g ti c EdlekI t eLI g kñ ú g cenø a H ² . sU m ,I

eh I y .

k ñ ú gbT d¾ ess k¾ man n½ yen H .

eQ μ a H fa b B a Ø v a

KW

bTfa

b u KÁ l man bBa Ø a e RB aH ma n bBaØ a

s eT § a

b u K Á e la

sVakaera

b u KÁ l G ñ km ans T§ a

eXI j karekI t ni g karrlt; . bu K Á l Gñ k manbBaØ a enaH eQμ a H

C a G ñ k manG ak arl ¥ K W G a ka rs ¥ a tedaysT § aen a HÉg . bT

f a G b , r Ce k ç a e RB aHF U l I KW emah ³ n i g F U l I KW Gk u s l

fa

d ¾ e ss Edl Cab¤ s én em ah³ ti c .

G ñ km an P aB Ga Rkk ; KW m an Gak a r mi nl¥ e d a yP aB Ca Gñ km i n

GsSeT§a

b u K Á e la

TVakaera

b u KÁ l G ñ km i n mansT § a

Ca


- 453 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

e C Oe na H Ég s U m ,I B a kü d¾ ess k ¾ m an n½ yen H .

- 454 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

eTas

bTfa s u v i B a Ø a b e y a K W K b, I [dw g)an ga y . bTfa

dU c eBalehI y

kñ ú g bTfa brelakvC¢ P yTsSavI enH bK,I R Cabesckþ I

e TI beB alB aküm an Ca GaT × fa e l ae k a dU ecñ H kñ ú gb TT a M g e n aH

E bk F ø a yeTA . s U m ,I k ñ ú gBI rbTd ¾ e ss k ¾ m an n½ yd U c K ñ a . bTfa

d U ct eT AenH . eRBaHsT§ a CaedI m rbs; G ñ k dl; R BmedaybBaØ a Caesckþ I .

d U e cñ a H

Edlbri s u T § e dayl¥ C aedI m

e RB aH C aG ñ kdl ; R B me days T§ a eRBaHCaGñ k RbkbedaysT§ a enaH

e TI bC a Gñ km an Rb Rk t I e XI j b rel ak P½y

.

ni g eTasedayPaBCa

b¤ sU m, I Gñ kdl ; R B me days T§ ab ri s u T § d ¾ s ¥ atCaed I m

k ¾ C aG ñ km anRbRktI eX I j brelak e da ybB aØ aE dlmansT § aen a H

.

e RBa Hd U e c ñ a HÉ g

v i b tþ i P v e l ae ka

G) ay elak l am k

.

el ak

eQ μ a H fa

PB

eRB aHe k I t

P B vi btþ i

.

.

elak

dl ;

km μ E dl cU l dl ; G )ay

v C ¢ P yTsSav I

el akmanEd ne kI tv i b t þ i e na H Ég

e d a yP aB Ca P½ y . \LÚ v enH RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r edI m ,I n w g sEmþ g brelak ni g

KW

Ca ela kGa Rkk ;

eT I b eQμ a Hf a

PB

KW

)andl ;

v i b tþ i

.

k a rv i b tþ i enaHÉg

PBvi b tþ i e n aHÉg

eQμ a Hf a

bTfa v i b tþ i s m Ö v elaek a el ak K W sm Ö v v i b tþ i )a n

e k I t é nplk mμ

ni ge Tas

PBv i b tþ i

e la k KW PBv i b tþ i .

el akeT I b e B al F m’ 4 y : ag ma nsT § aC aed I m f a b r e l a k C aG ñ k m an Rb R kt I eX I j brel ak

KW

e RB aH G)a yel aken aH

e RB aH ma nplmi n K Y rR )a f ñ a

eQ μ a H fa

ni ge Tase dayPaB CaP ½ y

Cab c© ½ y

brelakvC¢ P yTsSavI

xn§ T aM g LayenaHÉg eQμ a Hfa xn§ e lak eRBaHGtß f a mankar

T u v i B a Ø a b e y a KW Kb, I [d w g ) anl M ) a k .

b ri s u T § e d ayl ¥

kñ ú g bTenHfa

.

eQ μ a H fa

Ednek I ténv i b tþ i

smÖv

eQ μ a H fa

eQ μ a H fa

e RB a H C aEd n s m Ö v v i b tþ i

e l ak

KW

.

sm Ö v -

v i b tþ i . bTfa sm,tþ i P velaeka elak KW PBsm,tþ i )andl;


- 455 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

s u K t i e l ak

.

eRBaHs u Kt i e laken aH

m an pl CaT I R)a fñ a e RB aH ek I t m,tþi .

.

eT I b eQμ a Hfa

Cael akl ¥

sm,tþi

PBE dl Cas m,t þ i e na H Ég

.

- 456 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB a H

eQμ aHf a

eQ μ a H fa

PB

PBs-

el ak KW Ed ne kI té nsm , tþ i e naHÉg eQ μ a Hf a e la k

K W PBsm,t þ i . bTfa

bTfa GPi s gç a ra KW sgç a r manbu B aØ a Pi s gç a rCaedI m . bTfa eQ μ a H fa

PvKamikmμa

e RB a HstV T aM gL aye T A ka n; PB

P v K am i e n a

G M N a ck a r[v i )a krbs ; x Ü ø n .

s m , t þ i s m Ö v el ae k a

el ak

KW

PBsm,t þ i

Edl[ek I t

RbkardU ceB aleh I y . bT fa \ m s μ i B a © el ake k \ms μ i B a © v eC ¢

E dne kI t énplkmμ

.

e Tas dU ceB aleh I y .

s m, t þ i

KW

e la k

el akeB al km μ

e d ay

vi ) aksU m ,I k ñ ú g GPi s gç a rTaM g Lay . bTfa \ti CabTsEmþ g

)andl ; km μ E dlc U l dl ; s u K t i . eQμ aHf a s m Ö eRBaHCa

.

k m μ E dl C aeh t u [ s tV e T A ka n; PB

Ednek I téns m, t þ i

eQμ a Hf a

Edn ek I t énsm, t þ i e na H Ég

smÖveQμ a Hf a

el ak KW s m Ö v sm,t þ i . b T m an C aGa T × f a É e ka e la k e ka el ak 1 man Gtß d U c) an eBalm ke hI yk ñ ú gx ag eRka ye na H Ég . bTfa v C ¢ M e T as el ak eF V I C a n b u M s kli g Á e RB a Hm i n )ansEm þ gp g bT fa G s u e k a bTfa k i e ls a

kñ ú gel ak en H

.

K W k i elsman raK³CaedI m .

bTfa T u c © r i t a KW T u c© r i t man )a Nat i )a t Ca edI m .

bTfa køa

KW

én

Bl

n i gk ñ ú g eTasenH

tiBVa

PysBaØ a

karsm Á al; f a s½BÞfa

tiBVa

KW

ka rs mÁ a l; f a

C a P ½ y man km ø aM g .

k ñ ú gel ak

n i gk ñ ú g

CaP ½ yd ¾ x ø a M g

Etel akeBal Gt ß

elakeBal Gt ß én

Py

s½BÞfa

PysBa Ø a e RB aH f a el a k ni ge Tas Ta M gB I r eQμ aHf a P ½ y e RB aH C avt ß ú é nP y

ni g RB a HC a P½ y xÜ ø n É g

.

k a rsmÁ a l; f a

P ½ y k ¾ e Q μ a H f a PysBa Ø a . bTfa b c© ú b d æ i t a ehat i R )a kd e h I y K W R)akd eRBaH G a Rs ½ y P½ y e n aH ²

bTfa esyüfab i

]k ç i t a s i e t

vFek


- 457 - Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 458 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

d U cka rsm Á a l; kñ ú gs Rt Ú v Edl gad av K W karsmÁ al; f aC a P ½ y

Gdæ k fa ymkb,adi h I r BaØ a Nni e TÞ s

xø a M g kø a R)akdkú ñ g elak ni g kñ ú g eTas dU c karsmÁ a l; f aCaP½ y R)akdd U cs Rt Ú v E dlgadav ed I m ,I R bhar d U e c ñ a H .

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y

bTfa \ e mh i b B a Ø a sa y Ga k a e rh i e da yGa k a r 5 0 e nH K W e d ay G ak a r 5 0 e d ayG M N a cénG a k ar m Y y ² m an 5 k ñ ú g bB© ak³ 10 man Gb , rC k ç b B a © k ³Caed I m m Y y y : ag ² . bTfa

\mani

bBaØi®nÞiyani

)andl ; \® nÞ i y

5

m an

sT § i ® nÞ i y Ca e d I m .

d U cteT AenH .

G B a Ø a ti

bsSti

KW

r N B aØ aNn i e TÞ s

.

T mø ay ed ay bBa Ø a

s av ek h i

ym kb , ad i -

esck þ I fa

k ñ ú gs aF a -

d¾ e ss elakmi n )aneBalTu k

m an » k as ed ayB a küdé T

Etk ñ ú g n i e T Þ s e nH

e RB aH mi n

Kb, I R Ca b f a

el akeB alT u k e RBaH m i n ma nB ak üd éT .

R T g; eF V I d U c eX I j e dayT i B V c k ç ú

RT g ; R Cabc,as;

GakarTa M gB Y g

b Tfa G s a F a rN M

h a ri y_ mi nT U e TA dl; s avkTa M gLay

bTfa Canati KW RBHtfaKtrEmgRTg; d w g edaybBaØ a . bTfa

kñ ú g ymkb, ad i h I ryB aØ aNn i e TÞ s

bT f a

KW

RT g ; R C ab

bdiviCÄti

.

bTfa

bTfa

e d ay GM N ackareX I j T a M g Gs ;

sl ; C a Éke TÞ s .

KW

R T g;

m i n m an

e cj GM B I R BHkayxagel I

bTfa G K Á i k ç e n § a b v t þ t i KM n re P ø I g e cj KW k al c U l QanCa)aT fa

maneteCaksi N CaGarmμ N _

s U mGN þ a te P ø I gc U re cjB I k a yx a gel I

RKaecjehI y nw k e hI ye FV I b ri km μ

GFi d æ a nfa sU m GNþ a tePø I g cU r ecjBI k ayxagelI

¬ cb;Gdækfa \®nÞiyberabriytþBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

KW

e cjB I R B Hs rI r³xagel I é n RB Hn aPI .

e da ym a ry aT én

RT g ; c a k ; F ø ú H

] br i m k ay e t a

edayGPi -

BaØ a jaN GNþ a tePø I g nw g ecjBI k ayxagelI R BmTaM g karGFi d æ an

.

kñ ú g ni eT Þ s enH

GN þ at eP ø I gen a H el akehAfa

xn§


- 459 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

- 460 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH G tß f a Ca KM n r . bTfa

RBHenRtx agsþ a M

e hd æ i m k a ye ta

e cjB I R B Hk ay xa ge R ka m

KW

] Tk F ar a

Qa nC a )aT

bvt þ t i

F ñ a rT w k e cj

m an Gae ) aks i N Ca Garm μ N _

B aØ aN

RBHnas i kx a ge qV g

RKaecjeh I y

eB al CarsS³x ø H .

s U m Fñ a rTw k c U r ecjB I k ayxageRkam

Fñ a rT w k nw ge cjB I k ay x age Rk a m

.

k al c U l

KW

n w kf a sU m Fñ a r Tw ke cjB I R B H kay xa ge Rkam ehI yeF V I b ri km μ G F i d æ an fa

m i n Em n) a z³ déT n as i k a e s a t e t a

e cjB I R B Hs rI r³xageRkamecjGM B I RBH na PI . bTfa

e cjB I R B He n Rt x ag eqV g

eday GPi -

T k ç i N n as i k a e s a te t a

e cjB I r n§ RB H d U e cñ H

n as i k xag sþ a M

C a )a z ³ l¥

.

vam-

e cjB I r n§

GacarüTa M gL ay

k ñ ú gbT fa G g S kU d e ta e cjBI c gá Ü yRB H GgSa en H m an es ckþ I d U e cñ H . e Q μ a Hf a k U d cg á Ü y e RB a HG tß fa x< s ; eL I g

.

d U ck M B U l . cg á Ü y KW GgSaen aHÉg eQμ aHf a G g S kU d .

sU m ,I k ñ ú g bTTaM g BI r elakeBalfa ecjedaymi n dac; R kEs .

bTfa G g Á ú l g Á ú e lh i K W ecjB I RB HG gÁ ú l I m Y y ² .

PvgÁ ci tþ 2 d Y g rE mg R b RBw t þ e TAkñ ú g rv ag GF i dæ an n i gk a rn w k

bTfa G g Á ú l n þ r i k a h i K W ecjB I cen ø aH én GgÁ ú l I .

e RB aH dU ecñ aH É g

bTfa

F ñ a rT w k

n i gF ñ a reP ø I g

RBm nw g GF i d æ an

)a z ³f a

Ca) a z³sm as

eT I b ecj CaKU rmi n

elameta

R)akd . k ¾ k ar k M N t ; Pv gÁ c i t þ m i n m andl ; s avkdéT . bTfa ecjBI x agmu x

b u r tß i m k a ye ta .

ecjB I R BHkayxagmu x

bcä i m kayeta

KW

ecjBI R BHkayxageRkay

K W ecjB I x ageRkay . b T m an C aGa T × f a

TkçiNGkçieta

v a m G k ç i e ta

e cjBI

s rés ²

É e k k e l a met a

] T k Fa r a .

b v tþ t i

GKÁikçen§a

b v tþ t i

/

KM n re Pø I ge cjB I R B Hel a ma m Y y

Fñ a rTw kecjB I RBH el am am Y y ²

el akGFi b , ay f a

K M n re P I ø g

el amamY ys rés

²

É e k k-

Fñ a r Tw k

s ré s

e cj Ca K U

e RB aH k an ; y k RBH e l a m a

e da yB a küd Edl ² . kñ ú gbTs U m ,I Ta M gBI r .

²

.

BI RB H

T aM g Gs ; p g


- 461 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

sU m ,I k ñ ú g bTfa

elamkU b eta

elamkU b eta

- 462 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

GKÁ i k ç e n§ a

e da yk a rsm < ½ n § B aküeB cn _

n i g e d ay G Fi k aré nymkb,adi -

b v t þ t i / el a mkU b e ta e l am k U b e t a ] T kF a r a b v t þ t i K M n r

h a ri y_ . m ü : a ge T ot e d ay ka rsm < ½ n § é n qd æ I v i P tþ i Kb, I R )a f ñ a

e P ø I ge cjB I r eN þ ARB Hel am amY y s rés ² . Fñ a rT w k e cjBI

) a z³ d¾ ess fa

reN þ ARB Hel am amY y s rés ² k ¾ ma nd U c K ñ a . k ñ ú g Km < I rT aM g

q n ñ M vN Ñ a n M rs μ i e ya ¦ .

rs μ i e y a

PaB R) a kd

.

¬

KW [ bE nß m bT f a

L ay elaksres rT u k f a K M n reP ø I g e cj B I r eN þ ARB Hel am a

bTfa nI l anM BN’ e xov KW manBN’ d U c pá a Rtekot .

mY y srés ² . Fñ a rTw k ecjBI r eNþ A RBHelamamY y srés ² .

bTfa bI t kanM BN’ e lOg KW manBN’ d U c pá a kNÑ i k a .

K M nreP ø I g ecjB I r eN þ A

bTfa

RB Hel am a mY ysrés ²

e cj GM B I reN þ A RB He l a m amY s rés R t w mRtÚ v

.

b : u E n þ )az³m u n l ¥ Cag

²

.

Fñ a rT w k

bTs U m ,I Ta M gen a H

qnñM

vNÑanM

e RB a HsE mþ gesc kþ I l ¥ i t

R B H rs μ I p Say ecjB I RB Hvr k ay

e da yG M N ac é nvN Ñ ³ 6 . sm < ½ n § Kñ ad U cem þ c ? elakeBaldl; s rI r aBüB edaybTmi n ti c manCaGaT× f a ] b ri m k a ye t a . ed ayeht u e naH k a rs m< ½ n § e da ysr I r aB üB rEmgRbRB w t þ eT A) an . d U e cñ a He l ak e TI beB al fa rs μ I Ta M g L ayé nvN Ñ ³ 6

Edl C asr I ra BüB

rE mg p Sa ye cj Ca KU ²

B N’ R kh m

KW

m an B N’ dU c

RbePTst V l ¥ i ts I u eQI t U c² . bTfa » T at a n M BN ’ s KW ma nBN ’ d U c p á a y RB w k .

y : agéRkEl gén )adi har i y _ . bTfa

e l ah i t k a n M

bTfa

mB¢aidæanM

bTfa

b P s S r an M

BN ’ h gS )aT

KW

manBN ’ R kh m

T n; . BN ’ e pø k KW

m an B N’ e pø k

t am

R b R kt I . BN ’ e pø ks U m ,I mi nman epSgK ñ a . kal e B al d l ; vN Ñ ³ 5 rs μ I N a ² ru gerOg rs μ I m an en aH ² CaB N ’ e pø k . Bi t y: a genaH

kalRBHtfaKtRTg; e FV I y mkb,adi h ari y _

rsμ I m anBN’ e xov rEmgpSayecjBI k Enø g BN’ e xovénRBHeksa


- 463 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

- 464 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

RBHmsS ú n i gRB He n Rt ed ay km ø aM gé ny mk b ,) ad i h I r Ba Ø aN

rs μ I B N ’ s

rEmgpSayecjB I RB HG di æ

ni g

e na H Ég / e da yGM N ac rs μ I m anBN’ e x ov ép Þ e mX rE mgx © ay

e cjB I T I B N ’ s énRBHenRt

e TA d U cC ap g; pá aGBa ¢ ½ n d U ced rda s eT Ae day R tb k pá aRtekot

s T i s aP aK r E m g ru ger a cn _ d U cC ap S aye TA e da yFñ arTw k e d a H

n i gd U c p á a ]bl exov

EdlhU r ecjBI q ñ a M g R)ak;

d U cbN þ Ú l et ñ atE kvm NI s M y u gc u Hm k

ni g dU c pÞ a M g sm< t ; B N’ é pÞ e mXRkem: A EdleKlatsn§ w g Tu k . rs μ I m a n B N ’ e l O g rE mgpSayecjBI RB Hqv I n i ge cj B I k En ø g BN ’ e l OgénRBHen R t BN ’ e l Og

/

ed ayGM N ac é n

T i s aPaKrEmgru gera cn _

d U cla tRtd a gn U v p Þ aM gsm < t; mas

rs μ I ma n

R)akdd U c C aT w k m as

n i g dU ced rd as e TAe da y

rs μ I m a n B N ’ R k h m rEmgpS ayecjB I R B Hm M s n i g RBH el ah i t n i g e cjBI TI B N ’ R kh m é n RB H e n Rt / e d a y GM N ac é nrs μ I B N ’ R khm p g ; Rk hm

T i s aP a KrE mg r u ge r ac n_

d U cR Clk ; ed ay

d U ce cjn U v T w kBN’ é nC ½ rm ü: a gE d l Tu M q¥ i n

e da ysM B t; km < l BN ’ Rkh m

dUcruM

n i geB a reBje TA ed ay pá a eQI

BN ’ Rkh m KW p á a C½ y RBw kS pá arl Y s n i g p á a cM ): a .

e dayGM N ac é n rs μ I manBN’

dU c

dU c RkalBi t anedayEpnR)ak;

b Nþ Ú l e t ñ a t R) ak; s M y u gc u H ni g d U c ed rd as e da ypá aeQ I m an p á am ø i H vl ø × p á aQU ks pá aeQ I C ½ r p á am ø i H l a n i gp á am ø i H r Y t . rs μ I B N ’ h gS ) aT m an ) at RBH h tß

rE mgecj ca kRtg ; B N’ RkhmTn ;

n i g ) a tRBH ) aTCa ed I m

/

edayG M N ac é n

rsμ I m anBN’ h gS)aT Ti s aPaK rEmgru g eracn_ d U c rgV g ; s M N aj; E kv Rbv aL

p g ; e s μ Am ü: ag n i g p á a kN Ñ i k a .

/

RBH Tn þ

n i gd U c edrd as ed aye mS Am : t; s Rm a b; l ab

BN ’

Rkhm n i gp á a pÁ a M . rs μ I m a n B N ’ e p ø k m an RB H] N Ñ a elam

r E m g pS a y e cj ca k Rtg; B N ’ e pø k

RBHT az ³

n i gRBHnxaCaed I m

/

e d ay

G M N a cén rs μ I ma nBN’ e pø k T i s aPaK rEmgru geracn _ d U c e dr d as e da yBB Y k p á a yRB w k Caed I m .

n i g ed rd as e day rs μ I epø kb en Þ a r


- 465 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

- 466 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

e da ybT m an C aGaT × fa P K v a c g á m ti RBH man RB HP a K Cam© a s; e sþ c c®gá m

elakeBaledI m ,I s Emþ g fa

RBH\ri y abf

\ri y abfepSg ² edaykarnw k Ki t mY y RKa rEmgmi n seRmc . e RB aH RB HB u T § n i m μ i t Ta M gL ay

epSg ² énRBHmanRBHPaKCam© a s; ni g RBHBu T § n i m i μ t TaM g Lay

)ank M N t; T u k

rE mgma n e da yym kb , ad i h i rB a Ø a Nb : u e N Ñ a H

G ñ km an b J T § i

\ r i y a bf é n RB HBu T§ ni m i μ t Ta M gen aH Rbs i n eb I s U r f a e F V I C aÉ kv cn ³ f a

e RB aH RB H

rE mg Rb RB w tþ eT ACaKU

RBH Bu T§ ni mi t þ m a ne RcI n nimμieta

.

eR B a He htu GV I

Caed I m b ri yay

.

.

n i y ay

.

RB HBu T§ ni mμ i t T aM gL ay

e FV I ) an kñ ú g k a rQr

k a res ¶ ómCaed I m kþ I

r E m ge FV I v t ß ú E dl

k a r Gg Á ú y Ca e d I m kþ I

kñúgkar

k a r e FV I m i n dU c Kñ a

n i ge FV I

k i r i y ae pS g ² Kñ a rEm gs e R mce d a yk a rn w k K i te pS g ² K ñ a

eq ø I y f a

eh I y G Fi dæ a n fa RB HB u T § n i m μ i t R bm aN b: u e NÑ H c U rC ad U e cñ H . RBHB u T § n i mμ i t R bm aN b: u eNÑ H

b Nþ aRBHB u T § n i m μ i t Ta M gL ay .

n i m μ i t e Rc I n y : ag

cU re F V I v t ß ú en H

.

rE mg se Rm cdl ; R B H tf aK t

c M E Nkkar e d ayk a rn w k

s U m , I T aM g Gs ;

GFi d æ a nmY y dgb: u e NÑ a H . Kb,I R Cabkñ ú g karni m μ i t KM n rePø I g ni g

k ¾ dU c Ca man \ ri ya b fe pS g ² Kñ a kñ ú g RKa Etm Y y . b : u En þ kal

F ñ a rT w k eh I y k ñ ú g ka rn i m μ i t v NÑ ³e pS g ² ed ay R bk a rd U e cñ H .

eB al Ca Ék vc n³ R ) a kd fa

RB HBu T§ n i m μ i t

.

e RB aH mi n

eT I b

e dI m, I s E mþ g \ r i y ab fe pS g ² é nR B HB u T § n i mμ i t m Y y Gg Á ² k ñ ú g

kaleBalCaBh u v cn³

rEm g ma nb J T § i d U cK ñ a

k ñ ú g bN þ aRB HB u T § n i m μ i t mY y G gÁ

m an RB H \ri y ab fe p Sg

e TI bsM Ed gC a É kvc n³

.

²

.

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bT fa

PKva

c g á m ti

KW

RBHman

²

rE m g

e R B a Hd U e c ñ a H

e l ak

R B H P aK C am © as; es þ c c ® gá m kñ ú gG a k as b¤ e l I E pnd I . bTfa

k¾ n i m μ i t

n i m i e tþ a )an dl; rU b RB HBu T§ C am © a s ; n i m μ i te day bJ T§ i . s U m , I

s U m , I RB HcU L bn ß ke tß r

P i k ç ú ma n\r i y ab fe p Sg ² . T a M g B a n; r U b / karev orRBHcU L -

bTfa

tidæti

va

RBH Bu T§ ni mμ i t Rb f ab ; Q rC a G aT ×

b nß ke t ß re cjeh I y ni m i μ t r U b epSg ² rbs ; s av kB Y kdé Tm an

Rbfab ; Q rk ñ ú gGa kas

)andl ;

b ¤ elI Epnd I . bTfa k e b , t i rEmg


- 467 - Gdækfa ymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs

- 468 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

se Rmc KW k a re F V I . s U m ,I kñ ú gbT ma nC a GaT × fa

PKva

tidæti

Gdæ k fa Gasyanu s yBaØ a Nni e TÞ s

RB Hm an RB H

P a K Ca m© as ; R b fa b; Q r k ¾ m ann ½ y e n Hd U c K ñ a .

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y kñ ú gGas ya nu s yB a Ø a Nn i e TÞ s dU c teTAenH . bTmanCaGaT× f a \F tfaKeta Cani e TÞ s E d l

¬ cb; Gdækfaymkb,adihIrBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3

elaktaMgTuk 5 cMENk . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH

bTfa

Gasyanu s ya

qnÞ ³ Edlm k

edk nigkielsEdledkRtaM manGtßdUceBalTukehIy . bTfa c r i t M c r i t K W ku slkmμ n i g G k u s lkm μ E dl e F V I Tu k eh I y k ñ ú g Ca t i m u n ² . bTfa G F i m u t þ w ) andl ; karb eN þ a yc i tþ eT Akñ ú gk u s l b ¤ Gku s lk ñ ú gC a ti en H . bTfa eQ μ a H fa

PBV

P B V a PeB V

)andl ;

e RB aHGt ß fa

PB V s tV

n i g GP BV s t V

rEm gs mPB KW

.

rEm gek I t kñ ú g

G r i y C at i C aB aküeB aldl ; b c© ú b ,n ñ kal . mü : agv i j e Tot eQ μ a H fa P B V e RB a Hn w g e kI t KW n w ge kI t

eB aldl ; G n a Kt k al

.

GFi b , ay f a CaPaCn ³


- 469 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 470 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

T TY l . PB V b u K Á l Ta M g enaH dl ; R B m e d ay]b ni s S ½ y sm KY r

Gnnþva

dl ; ka rcak ; Fø ú H Gri y m K Á . GPB V b u K Á l pÞ ú y K ñ a ni g PB V b u K Á l

k ñ ú gks i N m i n m an Rbm aN [e kI t eh I y

d U ceB aleh I y .

k si N m i n man RbmaNe naH CaGt þ a m i n ma nT I b M pu t . bT fa

el akmi nman TI bM pu t

KW

st V T a M g Layjú a M g Q an sm Á al; f a

ci tþ m a n

b T m an C aGa T × f a k t e m a c s tþ a n M G a s e y a k ¾ qn Þ ³

t M C I v M t M s r I r M KW C I v ³ k¾ cM ENken a H s rI r ³ k¾ cM E Nke naH

C a TI mked ké nst V T a M g L ay e tI dU cem þ c ? Cabd i n i e T Þ s K W

)andl ; CI v ³ n i g s r I r³ k ¾ c M E N ken a H e na H Ég . bT f a C I e v a

Cakars Em þ g sareL I gv i j bTni eT Þ s .

K W Gt þ a

fa

Ca nb u M s kl i g Á e RB aHl i g Á v i b l as . bT fa s rI r ³

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H b Tf a ss Se ta K W eT og .

)andl ; xn § b B a © k ³ eRBaHmansPaB CaKM n r . bT f a G B a Ø M

bTfa elaeka KW Gtþ a . stV T aM g Lay rEmgsmÁ a l;

C I v M GBa Ø M s rI r M CI v Cad éT s r I r ³k ¾ C ad é T KW C I v ³ k¾ mY ym ü : a g

s rI r³b u : e N Ñ aHs U n üeT A kñ ú gel ak en H

m an en Ak ñ ú g el a ken H

n i gel ak dé T

.

c M ENkGtþ a e n a HÉ g

x n§ bBa © kk ¾ m Y y mü : ag . bTfa e h at i t f a K e ta b r m μ r N a s tV xagm u x B I s ø a b;

stV Ta M gLa ye F V I k ar xøÜn

e TA rE m ge kI t eTot KW x n§ s U n üeTA kñ ú g e l a ken Hb: u e N Ñ aH st V

Caelak K W G t þ a . bT f a G s s S e t a K W m i n eT o g . s tV

x a gm u x GM B I s ø a b; eT AenAman m i n s U n ü . kú ñ g bT f a t f a K e t a

T a M g L aysm Á al; f a

e nH

sm Á al; f a

x ø Ü n en aH Ég

r E mg em I l x ø Ü n

Gtþa

eT I b s m Á a l ; fa

rE mgs U n üeT A RB m C am Y y s r I r³

enaHÉg . bTfa Gnþ v a elakmanTI b M p u t j ú a M gQan[ek I tk ñ ú g k si N t i c t Y c k si N t i c t Y ce na H CaG a r mμ N _

KW

stV T aM g Lay

eh I y sm Á al; f ac i t þ m a n

C a G tþ am anT I b M pu t

.

bT f a

G ac a rüB Y kx ø H eBalfa

eB al fa

bTfa

tfaKeta

CaeQμ a H rbs ; s tV KW R B HG rh nþ

.

.

Et BY kx ø H

s t V T aM g Lay

B Y k e n H eX I j e Tas kñ ú g c M E Nkfa m i nman eT I b k an ; y ky : a g e nH .


- 471 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

n

e h ati

s ø a b; eT ArEmge k I t e T ot

t f a K e t a b rm μ r N a KW

k¾ mi nEmn

- 472 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

st V xagm u x B I

sU m, I x n§ s U n üeT A kñ ú g

el aken Hb : u e N Ñ aH s t V x a gm u x B I s ø a b; eT A k¾ m i n E mn mi nv i n as e TA

m i n dac; s U n ü

s tV Ta M gLayB Y ken H

eX I j eTask ñ ú g

c M ENkEdlman eT I b k an ; y ky : ag en H . bTfa

e ha t i

e k I t eTotk¾ m an

c

n

c

ehati

m i n ek I te T ot k¾ m an

eTaskñ ú g karkM N t; y kEtcM E NkmY y

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa s sS e ta e l ae k a el akeT og KW

CaTi d æ i E dlRbRBw t þ e TAedayGakarRbkan; m aM r bs;

Gñ k Edl

Rbkan; f a xn§ b Ba© k ³Caelak ehI y Rbkan; m aM f a elakenHeTog C a ni c© Rb RB w t þ e TA rh U t .

s tV s ø ab ; e T A KW

²

e la e k at i v a dU e cñ H .

ehI y

bTfa GssSeta elakmi n eTog KW CaTi d æ i E dlRbRBw t þ

s tV Ta M genH eX I j

e T A e d ay Ga k a r Rb ka n; f a sU n ü rbs ; Gñ k Rbk a n; ma M d l ; e l ak

ehI y kan; y kcM E Nk

TaMgBIr .

f as U n ü . bTfa

Gnþva

el akman TI b M p u u t

KW

T i d æ i Rb RB w tþ eT A

bTfa e nv e h a t i n n e h at i s ø ab ; e T Aeh I y ek I t

e d a yG a kar é n k a rR b ka n ; f a el akmanT I bM pu t r bs ; G ñ kRb k an ;

e T ot k ¾ mi n Emn m i n e kI teTotk¾ m i n Emn K W s tV Ta M genH eX I j

r U b Fm ’ n i g G rU bF m’ k ñ ú gxagkñ ú gsm a bt þ i r bs ; G ñ km ank si N

dl ; e Tas Ta M gB I r k ñ ú gk a r kM Nt ; c M ENkTa M gB I r

t i c tY c Rb maN b : u n ce g¥ r b ¤ R bmaNb: u n Ekvf a

e TI bk an ; y k

c M ENkbd i e s FT a M g Gs ; f a ek I te T ot k¾ m i n Emn mi n ek I t eTot k ¾ mi nE mn

.

dl ; RbePTé nT i d æ i ed ayGakar 10

m an TI b M p u te da yk a rkM N t; ks i N . TidæienaH

teTAenHCan½ y rbs; G dæ k fakñ ú g ni e TÞ s enH ma nCaGaT × fa

elakeBal ss Se ta

el aken aHÉg

Ca ssS tT i d æ i xø H

R b RB w t þ e T A e d ay G ak a rR b k an ; f a Gñ k Rbkan; r U b Fm’

] e cä T T i d æ i x ø H

.

TidæiEdl

e l a km i n ma nT I b M pu t r bs ;

ni g GrU b Fm’ E dlRbRBw t þ e TAxagkñ ú g smabtþ i


- 473 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

rbs ; Gñ k cU l ksi N e n a H

Gñ k )a n ksi N br i b U N _ f a

m i n m anT I b M p u te da ykM N t; ks i N

.

TidæienaH

- 474 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

elak

C as s St -

b u KÁ l R bk an ; fa

k ¾ c M E NkenaH

tM KW

CIvM

s½ B Þ f a \ti Cas½ B Þ s Emþ g Ti d æ i n i s S½ y dU c eBalehI y .

tM

srIrM

C I v ³ k ¾ c M E Nke naH

T i d æ i E d l C a Gak a r Rb k an ; k a rs U n ü f a

s rI r³sU nüs U m ,I C I v ³ k¾ s U n ü e n a H Ég

mi n ek I te T ot k¾

m i n Em n C aG m r av i ekç b T i d æ i T I 4 .

T i d æ i x ø H C a]e c ä T T i d æ i x ø H . bTfa

e kI t e T ot k¾ m i n Emn

e RB aHRbkan; f a

ma n ka rE b kFø ay eT AC aF m μ t a

.

s rI r³

bTfa P v T i d æ i s n ñ i s S i t a v a s t þ a e h an þ i v i P vT i d æ i s n ñ i -

k al

sSi t a va stV T aM g LayCaGñ k GaRs½ y Ti d æ i k ñ ú g PBk¾ m an GaRs½ y

C I v³rbs ; s rI r³ kñ ú gbT TI B I r

T i dæ i

T i d æ i k ñ ú g k arR ) as ca k PB k¾ ma n

.

es c kþ I f a

s P aBe T og

el akeB al fa P B T i d æ i e kI te day G M N ackareT og eQμ a Hf a KW

Tidæi .

kars U n ü

C I v ³k ¾ m i n sU nü e RBaHRbkan ; f a CI v ³ déTB I s rI r ³ .

el akeB al fa v i P v . T i d æ i e kI te da yGM N ac k a rsU nü eQ μ a H f a v i P v T i d æ i . G Fi b, ay f a

bT fa

v i P e v a KW Ti dæ i 1 0 d U c

eB aleh I y rE mgma n 2 y: ag K W Pv Ti d æ i 1 v i P vT i d æ i 1 .

d U ct eT AenH . b u KÁ l R bk an ; fa s t V s ø a b; eT Aeh I y rE mg e kI te T ot Ca ssStT i d æ i T I 1 .

k ñ ú gT i d æ i 2 T aM ge na H st V T a M g L ay Ga Rs ½ y T i d æ i m Y y ² m i n e XI j ehI y eT I b Cab ; .

b u KÁ l R bk an ; fa mi ne kI t eTotCa]ec ä TT i d æ i TI 2 . b u KÁ l R bk an ; fa

GF i b , ayf a

Peva

PvT i d æ i

k ñ ú gbT en Hm an C aGaT × f a e h at i t f a K e ta manesckþ I

.

bT f a

RbRBw t þ e TAedayGakarRbkan; k areTogfa sU m ,I k alsrI r ³sU n ü

e kI te T ot k¾ m an

C a É kc © s sStT i d æ i T I 3 .

m i ne kI teT ot k¾ ma n

va GnubKmμ

s ½ B Þ kñ ú g bT en Hf a

Éet

va

bn

b u KÁ l m i n Ca b ; e n AT I bM pu t T aM gB I r enH

]ePa

Genþ

Casmu c© y t ß ³

K W ma nGt ß f a R bmU l mk d U ck ñ ú g b Tm an C aGa T × f a G K Á i e ta v a


- 475 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

] T ke t a

va

mifuePTa

va

e m Rt I kþ I

.

GF i b, ay f a

B I e Pø I g k þ I

BI Tw kk þ I

m i n Cab; en A

c M ENked ayGM N acssStT i d æ i

KW

- 476 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

B I k a rT M l ay m i n Cab ; T a M g B I r

n i g ] e cä T Ti dæ i

bTfa x n þ i KW jaN . j aN eQ μ aH f a x n þ i e RB a H k a r Gt ; Fn ; .

d U c e B al

bTfa

eh I y e n aH e T I b l H . v a s½ B Þ k ñ ú g b Tf a G n u e l a m i k a v a x n þ i

T a M g L ay

C av i kb ,t ß ³ man Gtß fa k M N t ; .

C a \T b, c © ½ y

bTfa \Tb,c© y tabdi c © s mu b ,enñ s u kñ ú g Fm’ T aM g Lay

bdilT§a

e h at i

) a nc a k; Fø ú Heh I y C a rbs ; s U nü

rE m gd w g ) an

.

KW

E dlstV

k a r cU l eT AG a Rs ½ y R tg ; xn þ i

rE mgmane daykareX I j y : a g

é RkEl génpl ed aykare XI j y : agéRkEl gén bc © ½ y e RB a H

E dlm anv t ß ú e nH C ab c© ½ y n i gG a Rs ½ y Kñ ae kI t eL I g e s ck þ I f a

b c© y u b ,n ñ F m ’ T aM gL ay RbRB w tþ e T A ta m

b c© ½ yén C ra

e RB ó gén bc© ½ y . k ar c U l e TAGaRs½ y Edlx nþ i Ca r bs ; e T og

n i gm rN³ C aed I m

\Tb ,c© y³e na H Ég \Tb ,c© y³T a M g L ay

eQμ a Hf a

\ Tb, c © y t a

eQ μ a H fa

K b ,I EsV grklkç N ³ kñ ú gb T T a M g L ay ek I t rY m Kñ aeh I y

eQμ a Hfa

\ Tb , c © y t a

\Tb,c©y .

b ¤ k a r Rb C u M

. m ü: ag eT ot

e nHe da ys½ B Þ s a®s þ ed ayRbéB

.

.

Fm ’

eRBaHGaRs ½ y bc © ½ y

k ñ ú gF m’ Edl GaRs ½ y K ñ ae kI t eLI g

e RB aH kñ ú g kar R B m -

r E mgm an ed ay ka r eXI j

k a re k I t eLI g é n bc© y u b ,n ñ Fm ’ T aM g Layf μ I

²

eRBaHk ñ ú g ka r

RBmeRB ógénbc © ½ y ka reXI j RbéB E dlRbRBw tþ e T Ae hI y f a minsUnü

m i n eT o g

e na H ² eQμ a Hf a b d i c © s m u b ,n ñ . k ñ ú g Fm ’ T a M g L ay e RB a H

eL I g

b di c© s m u b , aT

m an v t ß ú en H Cabc © ½ y enaHÉgGaRs ½ y Kñ ae kI t eL I g Ta M ge na H .

e nH Kb , I R C a bf a Gnu el am i k xn þ i K W xn þ i EdlsmK Y r e d a y

bTfa G n u e la m i k a K W eQμ a Hfa G n u e l am e RB aH C a F m ’ smK Y r dl ; e l aku t þ rFm ’ T a M g L ay .

KW

RbkardU e cñ H

e da yk a reXI j Fm ’ E dl GaRs ½ y K ñ ae kI t mi nc U l e TAC i t TI b M pu tT a M g B I r y : a g

CacM E NkelakeBaldl; s mμ a Ti d æ i E dlCabdi b kç

c M eBaHT i d æ i T a M gB I r enaH .


- 477 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 478 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa y fa P U t M va jaN M yfa P U t j aN KW jaN E dln aM eT Atames ck þ I B i t

KW

tams PaBEdlB i t

.

s U m ,I

eQ μ a H fa k a m K r u e k a e RB aH m anki elskamF ¶ n ; ed ay esB mkkñ ú g kalm u n .

j aNEdlR b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gbT en aH el akk ¾ e Balfa y fa P U t B a Ø a N edayev ah arEdl C av i s ½ y . k ñ ú gn i e TÞ s en H e la k b M N gy kv i b s Sn aja N b M pu t .

.

b¤ K Y rsm < ½ n § f a

y f aP U tBa Ø a N

Ca

eQ μ a H fa

E dlCam i cä a T i d æ i

RB Hs ar I b u tþ et ß r

G k u s ld ¾ e ss C a G aT × f a

kamM

KW

Ca b ; k ñ ú g k am

en k ç m μ

Ca ed I m

ma nGt ß dU ceB aleh I y

.

K b ,I R Ca b fa G k u s ld ¾ e ss el akkan ; y ked ay k i e ls 3

e la e k a

y : ag m anka mCae dI m . k u s ld ¾ e ss el akkan ; y ked ay

va

K u N F m’

ss Se ta Éet

bn

eh I y sE mþ gsn þ a nénst V cM E N k

n i g k u s l d¾ ess Gb ; rM eh I y e sv n þ e B a Ø v

e RB a Hb eg¥ an

e nH dU c Kñ a . B ak ü f a

ed ay bT man CaGaT × fa

T I b M pu tT a M g B I r y: agen H

k a m a F i m u e tþ a

RK as M E dgsn þ ané nst V

ed ay bT ma nCa G aT × fa

E dlsm μ a Ti d æ i Gb ; r M

e RB aH ma n ka mkú ñ g sn þ an Ca T I

e da yG M N ac s n þ a nenaH Ég . s U m , I k ñ ú g bTd ¾ e ss k ¾ m an n½ y

c M ENkEdls tV Ta M gL ay )a neh I y . \ LÚ v en H

kamaseya

G a Rs ½ y .

Edlm ans g ç a ru ebkç a j aN Ca TI

Etx ageRkayelakeBalPytU b d æ anj aNf a y-

f a P U t B a Ø a NTs Sn ³

eQ μ a H fa

ed ay bT ma n

bu K Á l Gñ k esBka m

.

bTfa esvnþ e BaØ v KW Gñ k esBedaykarRbRBw t þ e rOy ² .

y: agmane nk ç m μ ³ Ca ed I m

sE mþ gsn þ a nE dlel ak eB al

3

.

RB Hs arI b u tþ etß r

y : a g fa

e n H Ca ki e ls

E dled k Rta M kñ ú gs tV Ta M g L a y .

kñ ú gbT

e na H Kb ,I R bk b fa RB Ht f a KtRT g; R Cabb u K Á l G ñ kesB k am .

3

c M ENkkñ ú gn i e TÞ s en H e nH

.

bT f a

\ti

mann ½ y r bs; Gd æ k f ad U ct eTA

PvTidæisnñisSita

va

s t V T aM g Lay

GaRs½ y Ti d æ i k ñ ú g PB edayGakary: a genH KW GaRs½ y ssSt-


- 479 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

T i d æ i y : a ge n H faCa

.

PvT i d æ i

Bi tN as; .

- 480 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú g T I e nHel akeB alssStT i d æ i

eh I y eB al] ec ä T Ti dæ i fa C a

v i P v Ti d æ i

T I b M pu tB I ry : ag )andl ; ss StT i d æ i n i g ] e cä T T i d æ i . bTfa

.

G n u b k m μ K W mi nT ak; T g . bT fa \ T b , c © y t a bd i c © s m u b , -

e RB aHs t V G ñ kmanT i d æ i Ta M gL ayT a M g e n H G a Rs ½ y T i d æ i 2 y : a g

e n ñ s u F e m μ s u K W e RB a Hv tß ú en HCabc © ½ y ni gk ñ ú gF m’ Ta M gL ay

TaM g enHÉg eRBaHelakse®gÁ a HTi d æ i T aM g Gs; c U l pg ssStTi d æ i

E dlG a Rs½ y K ñ a ekI teL I g . bT f a G n u e l a m i k a xn þ i

n i g]e cä T T i d æ i . sU m, I m a ti k ae n H RB Hm an RB HP a K k¾ Rtas ; f a H

el am i kxn þ i K W vi bsSn aj aN . b Tf a yfa P U t M jaN M K W

m ñ a l k c © a n³ edayeRc I n s t V e l akGaRs ½ y T i d æ i 2 y: a g e n H

tTidæi

KW

k a r m an 1

k a r m i n man 1

m KÁ B a Ø aN

.

.

e nH el ak G Fi b,a yT u kf a

) a n e kI teh I y

ssSt i T i d æ i n i g]e cä T T i d æ i

.

G a Rs ½ y Kñ ae kI t eLI g

ntßita

ka r mi nman

)an dl ;

]e c ä T T i d æ i

.

v i b s Sn aN aEdl

e RB a Hmi n C ab ; e nAc M ENkTI b M p u tT a M g B I r

k ñ ú gBI rbTenH bTfa G t ß i t a karman )andl ; ss Sb Tf a

Gn u -

k ñ ú g bd i c © s mu b, aT .

n i gF m ’

ehI ym KÁ B a Ø aNN a

KW E dl

Edl ) an

enHCaqnÞ ³ EdlmkedkRtaM k ñ ú g stV T aM g LayCabu f u C ¢ n GaRs½ y

eh I y é RkE l gCa g

vd þ ³ .

e dk r bs; s tV Ta M gLay . en HCa TI mk ed k K W mK Á j aNe nH \ LÚ v en H

RB Hsa r I b u tþ e t ß r

e dk R taM kñ ú gs tV Gñ k b ri s u T § i

e TA C i t TI bM p u t

2

y : agTa M gen H

.

k ñ ú g b TT aM ge naH

k¾ KW

É e t en aHÉg

.

bT fa ] e P a

bn

] eP a

Genþ

E dl

eT I b eB alb T

Éet

va

bn

G ñ k G a Rs ½ y vd þ ³

m an C aGaT × f a

Éet

va

kalsE mþ g ki els

GnubKmμ

mincUl bT f a

Ge n þ K W

f av i b s Snae naH

C a TI en Arbs ; s t V T a M g L ay n i gG a Rs½ y v i v d þ ³

.

.

enHCaq nÞ ³CaTI mk

s U m , I T aM g Gs; E dlG a Rs½ y v dþ ³

enHCaGd æ kf a

EdlB Y k G ac arü eX I j

d U cK ñ aEd r . c M ENkGacarüv i t N Ð v aT I s M E d gfa T mø ay TI enA .

el aken An i y ay f a

eQ μ a H fa

m KÁ C a TI en A

mKÁ .

KW

KY rsY r


- 481 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

G a c ar ü e n a Hf a

e l akC a Gñ k e B al fa

- 482 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

m KÁ C a TI en Aén RB HGri y

G ñ kesB k am .

C a m© as ; b ¤ m i n Em n . R bs i n G ac a r üen a H eq ø I y fa ey I gm i n E mn Ca G ñ k e B al m i n ) aneB al R ) a b; fa

.

.

KY rR)ab ; f a

e l ak mi nd w g

Rbs i n e q ø I yfa

na M RB HsU Rtmkem I l cu H

e R B aH el ak

e yI g CaG ñ keB al .

Rbs i n na M m k)a n

.

KYr k¾Ca

Kb,I R CabGFi b ,ay bTfa

G n u s ya

e RB aH G tß f a

kñ ú g Gnu s yni e TÞ s dU c teTAenH

eQμ a Hf a Gn u s ½ y

k a r e d kRt aM

k i elsEdle nAmi n)anl H

.

GVIhñ+ .

e RB aH G tß f ay : ag Na eQμ a Hf a

B i t N as ;

e d k Rta M

. ? ?

k i elsTa M g e n H

k a rl ¥ . R bs i n na M m k m i n )a n K Y rn a M m kx ø Ü n É gf a T s y i e m

rEmgedkRta M kñ ú gsn þ a n rbs; s t V e na H ² e RB aH G tß f a e n A mi n

P i k ç e v G r i y v a s a / e y G ri y a G a v s w s u v a G avs n þ i v a

T an ; )a nlH . e RB aH dU e cñ a H e l a ke TI beB alf a G n u s y .

Gavs i s Sn þ i Na

va

e n Aeh I y

mñ alP i k ç ú Ta M gLay

RBH Gr i y Ta M gLayB Y k

kM B u g e n A

.

b¤nwgenA

G ri y v as³T a M g e n H

bTfa

G n u e sn þ i

smK Y reh I y eT I b e kI t

.

rE mg ed k Rta M

KW

)an ehtu E dl

k alC a dU ecñ HK b, I ma nBa kün i y a y

m an 1 0 y : ag d U e c ñ H . B i t N as; RBH sa r I b u tþ et ß rsE m þ g

fa kareBalfa GakarEdlenAmi n )anlH eQμ a Hfa CasPaB

s U R t Ca TI en Aé nmKÁ . eRBaHd U e cñ a H e n a HC ak a reB al Rtw m RtÚ v

énGnu s ½ y ehI y Gnu s ½ y enaH rEmgekI t eLI g dU e cñ H mi n RtÚ v .

eh I y

.

m ü : ag eTot

RB Hma n RBH P aKC a m© as ; RTg ; R Ca b

Gasy³enH rbs; s tV T aM g Lay RbRBw t þ e TAmi n )anénTi d æ i T aM g enH

TaM g RTg; R CabsU m ,I k ñ ú g xN³ ni g vi b sSnajaN

mKÁ j aN

e T ot p g . e R B a Hd U e c ñ a HÉg el akeT I b eBalbTman Ca GaT × fa kamM

esvn þ M e yv

Ca n a ti RB HtfaKt rE mg RTg ; RCabb u KÁ l

e RB aH Gn u s ½ y ek I teL I g m i n )a n . B ak üe qø I y ma n d U e cñ H Gn u s ½ y m i n E mn

Ga k a r Ed l en A m i n ) anl H

Etel akeB al dl ; k i e ls

Edl m an k M l a M g

eRBaHGtß f a enAmi n Tan; ) anlHfaCaGnu s ½ y . Gnu s ½ y enaH sm,yu t þ e dayci t þ manGarmμ N _ m anehtu


- 483 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

e RB aH G tß f a

R b RB w t þ e T A Ca mY ybc © ½ y C aGk u s lE tmü : a g

G t I tx ø H C aG n aKtx ø H C a bc © ú b ,n ñ x ø H fa

- 484 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

Gn u s ½ y ek I teL I g eT I b R t Ú v

T u kk ñ ú g G Pi s mykfa

.

e RB a HdU e cñ a H

Ca

ka r e B al

kark M N t; en Hel ak eBal

edaytaM g Baküs Y rm u n f a

kamraKanu s ½ y ekI t eLI g dl; G ñ k Na . bdi -

bc© ú b ,en ñ

X an u s ½ y

rE m ge kI t e L I g dl ; G ñ k e n a H

.

e RB aH dU ecñ aH K b ,I RCabfa bTfa G n u e s n þ i E dlel ak eB al fa

Gn u s ½ ym an eht u

E dlsmK Y reh I y rE mg e kI t)an

k i e l es b C a ht i b u K Á l r Em gl Hk i e lsTa M g L ay Edl C a

d U e c ñ H eT I b Rtw m RtÚ v

b c© ú b, nñ ) an b ¤ e B alv i s C ¢ n a fa f a m K e t a G n u s y M b C a h t i

E dlel akeB al fa

G ñ km an k i e ls

e na H s m,y u tþ ed ayci tþ m an Ga rm μ N _ dU ecñ H eT I b C ak a reB al

man km ø aM g k¾ l HG nu s ½ y ) an

e RB aHs P aB

é nG nu s ½ y Ca k i e ls mannU v k ñ ú g b c© ú b,n ñ .

l¥ehIy

k ñ ú gbT P aCn I y _ é nem ah³ k ñ ú g GP i F m μ s g Á N I

el ak

eB als PaBé nem ah ³e kI t C am Y y Gk u s l ci t þ f a G nu s ½ y K W G vi C ¢ a

/

slm U l

b ri y u d æ an KW

Gvi C ¢ a

KW

Gv i C ¢ a

/

mU l

KW

G vi C ¢ a

k ñ ú g s m½ y e n aH y: ag Na

e ma h³m ank ñ ú gsm ½ y en a H

.

Gnus½y

C aG e h tu k³

C a GBü ak t ³

v aT³ Ta M gGs ; R tÚ v b di es F

.

kñ ú g kfavt ß ú

/

Gku -

e nHeQ μ a H f a

el akeBalT u kf a m i n R bkb ed ay ci t þ

k ñ ú g]b , C¢ nv ar³ var³N am Y y

é n 7 var³ kñ ú g Gn u s yymk³ el akeB albTman CaGaT × fa

.

ed ay k ar k M N t; EbbEpne nH ci t þ s m, y u e tþ a

e RB a HGn u s ½ y e nH

s U m , I B akü

s a rm μ e N a

Ca Gku s l Fm ’

Gn u s ½ y

sm,y u tþ

e da yc i tþ se RmcehI y dU ecñ aH kñ ú gT I e n HKY ryl ; RBm )a n . k ñ ú gbT m anC a G aT × f a

k a m r a K an u s ey a

d U cteT AenH

eQμ aH fa

C a Gn u s ½ y

e daysPaB EdllHm i n )a n

d ¾ e ss

k a m r a Ka n u s ½ y

k ¾ m an n½ yenH d U c K ñ a

.

manesckþ I

eRBaHkamraK³e na H

m ü : ag eT ot

.

sU m, I kñ ú g bT

k a m r a Ka n u s ½ y

k ñ ú gT I e n HCael a P³ ek I t eL I g e d ay GM N a cGa rmμ N _ kñ ú g k am a v cr F m’ d¾ ess

ed aykarek I t rY m Kñ a kñ ú g ci tþ

elaP³ n i g e da yG a rm μ N _ E dl KY reBj ci t þ .

s hK t³e da y


- 485 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

m ü : a ge T ot

bdiXanus½y

C ae T as³

- 486 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

e kI t eL I g e d ay

k ¾ mi neB ale dayG M N ac s hC a t KW karekI t r Y mKñ a . b : u En þ

G M N a cén Fm ’ E dle kI trY m Kñ a kñ ú gc i t þ E dlsh Kt³ed ayeT a-

el akeB aldl ; e l aP³e k I t k ñ ú grU ) avc r Fm ’

mnsS

e da yG a rmμ N _ b u : e N Ñ a H .

edayGM N a cG a r mμ N _

n i ged ay GM N ac é n Ga rmμ N _

\ LÚ v en H RB Hsa r I b u tþ e tß r kaln w gsEm þ gdl ; za n³én

k ñ ú gF m’ Caka mavcr³d¾ e ss E dlm i n K Y rR) af ñ a . m a n an u s ½ y K ñ a kñ ú gc i tþ

C am an H e kI teL I g

s hK t³e da yel aP³

G M N a cG a rm μ N _

e day G M N ac e kI t rY m

Edl R ) as ca kT i d æ i

n i gG rU )a vc rFm ’

ed ay

k i elsEdle dkRtM a rbs ; Gn u s ½ y

d U c Edl eBal mkeh I y

e TI beB alb Tm an CaGa T × f a y M el ae k dU ecñ H . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

n i g e d ay GM N ac G a rm μ N _ k ñ ú g F m’ C a k am a -

b Tfa

y M e l aek

b i y rU b M

G a rm μ N _

v cr d¾ ess n i g kñ ú gFm ’ Ca rU )av cr³ Gr U ) avcr³ EdlevorT u k ç -

E dlK Y rR)afñ a kñ ú gel ak K W G a rmμ N_ Edl mans P aBKY rR) a fñ a

ev Tn a .

B I k M e N I t Edl K Y r R)af ñ a kñ ú gel ak en H . bTfa s at r U b M G a rm μ N _ E dl KY re RtkGr KW G a r mμ N _

T i d æ a n u s ½ y e k I t k ñ ú g ci t þ s m, yu t þ ed ayT i d æ i 4 . v i c i k i c ä a n u s ½ y ekI tk ñ ú gc i tþ sh Kt³edayv i ci k i c ä a .

E dlK Y re RtkGrB I k M e N I t Edlm an k a rsres I rC a bTd æ an .

ekI t edayGM N acénshCatFm’ k ñ ú g Gku -

bTfa É t ß s t þ a n M k a m r a K an u s e ya Gn u e s t i ka m -

sl ci tþ 12 ed ay GM N ac G a rm μ N _ / Ti dæ i vi c i k i cä a emah ³

raKan u s ½ yé nst V T a M g L ay rE mg e d k Rt a M k ñ ú g G a rm μ N _ e n H KW

sU m ,I 3 y: a g ekI t eLI g edayGM N acGarmμ N _ kñ ú g etPU m i k Fm’

k a m ra K an u s ½ y

d ¾ e ss en aHÉg .

L ay

Gvi C ¢ a nu s ½ y

PvraKanu s ½ y sU m ,I e kI t kñ ú g ci t þ R )ascakTi d æ i 4 elak

man s P aB e n Ami n Ta n; ) an l Hr bs ; s t V Ta M g

r E mg e d k Rt aM k ñ ú g G a rm μ N _ E dl KY r R)af ñ ae nH

.

mü:ag

e T ot Fm’ KW kamavcr³ elakbM N gy kkñ ú g T I e n Hfa b i y rU b M


- 487 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 488 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

satrUbM .

Tidæi

d U cC a b u K Á l gU tT w k T a M g xageRk amx ag e lI n i ged ay

k¾ dU ec ñ aH

C a k ar R bR Bw t þ

Caka rs nS M rbs ; s t V

\ti

\ e ms u

TVIsu

Femμsu

bTfa

kñ ú gF m ’ B I ry: a g

bTfa G v i C ¢ a G n u b ti t a Gvi C ¢ a Fø a k; e TA t am K W Gv i C ¢ a sm,y u tþ ed ayed aykamraK³ ni g bd i X ³ F ø a k; eT At am K W eT A tamedayG M N a ce FV I [ C aGa rm μ N _ . ) az ³ e l a kk a t; b T C a

KW

GnU K t a k ¾ m an .

te T k ed æ a

t aM gen Ae da yk ar en A Ca m Y y Gvi C ¢ a e n aH

ma n H

Ti dæ i

vi ci k i cä a

Kb ,I eX I j

KW

K b ,I em I l

Kb,I t am

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g cr i tn i e TÞ s dU c teT Aen H . ectn a C ab u B a Ø a Pi s g ç a r

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

e c tna

12

C aG bu B a Ø aPi s g ç a r

.

ka mav cr ³C a bri t þ PU m i

.

e R kAB I e na H

C a mh aP U m i .

G P i s gç arN a

e d a yt aM g e n A Ca

C a mh aP U m i .

m a e n a c T i d æ i c v i c i k i c ä a c )andl ; m an H 9

.

e c tn a 4 C a Ge nBa ¢ aPi s g ç a r .

e n aH

m Y y K ñ a e RB aH ekI trY mKñ a . bTfa

TdæBVa

m ü : a ge T ot

ta M g e n A rY m Kñ aC a mY yn w g G vi C ¢ a

e y a Cn aE k fa

k a m ra K an u s ½ y .

13

B I r y: a ge n aH k ¾ y : agenH .

bTfa

.

c U l eT A . e F V I Ta M gb I rY m Kñ a [eTACaBh u v c n ³ . m ü: ag eT ot

T a M g e n H k ¾ y : ag en H KW k ñ ú g F m’ C a\ d æ a r mμ N _ n i gG ni dæ arm μ N _

G v i C ¢ a Gn u b ti t a

8

PvraKanu s ½ y kñ ú g ni e TÞ s enH Kb,I R Cabfa elakse®gÁ a Heday

T a M g L ay . ka re kI t b di X³ kñ ú gG n i d æ a r mμ N _ k ¾ d U cK ñ a . b ¤ fa

vi ci ki cä a

t a M gen A rY mC a mY yGv i C¢ a e n aH .

C M u v i j k ¾ C aT w kT aM g Gs ; y: agNa . eQμ a Hf a raK ³ e kI t k ñ ú g \ d æ a r mμ N _

62

K b , I RC ab f a

m anv i ) a k ti c

kñ ú gG P i s gç a r

Ca b r i t þ PU mi

.

3

T a M gen H

m anv i )ak e Rc I n

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y k ñ ú g GF i mu tþ i ni eT Þ s d U cteT Ae nH . bTfa s n þ i )andl ; m an .


- 489 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa

hInaFimutþika

m an G aF i m u tþ i Gn ; f y

- 490 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

KW

man

GFüaRs ½ y l am k . bTfa

\ LÚ v en Hb : u e N Ñ aH . RB Hsa r I b u tþ e t ß r s Em þ gf a s U m , I k ñ ú g G t I t ni g GnaKtk¾ m an

bNItaFimutþika

m an GF i mu t þ i RbN i t

KW

man

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

bTfa e sv n þ i rE mg esB KW G aR s½ y T ak ; T g .

G t I tk al

bTfa P C nþ i r EmgK b; K W c U l eTAGgÁ ú y Ci t .

G ñ k RT ú s þ s I l

bTfa )ayi r u ) asti cU l eTArk KW eTAcU l rkerOy ² .

mans I l

Rbs i n eb I e B alf a .

Ga c a rü

Ge nþ v as i k

e Kn w gm i n cU l e TAGgÁ ú y C i t

n i g] bCÄ ay _

n i g sT § i v i h a r i k sU m , I G aca rü

C a Gñ k mi n

C a Gñ km ans I l

Rbs i n eb I f a mans I l

Gac a rü

n i g ]bCÄay_

P i kç ú eRkAG M B I e n aHm i n smKY r

.

e xS ay

GT§ a nM

/

.

b Tf a

GtItm,i

G T § a nM

b Td ¾ e ss manGtß ga yT aM g Gs ; esBGñ k R Tú s þ s I l

.

kñ ú g s Y r fa

. Gñ km ans I l esB Gñ k

G ñ k m anbB a Ø a Tn ; e xSay

G ñ k m an bBa Ø a

KW

esBGñ km an bBa Ø aT n;

esB Gñ km an bB aØ a

.

G ñ kNak M N t ;

T u k / e qø I y f a F a tu én GFüaRs ½ y k M N t ; T u k .

n i g ] b CÄa y _ r bs ;

x ø Ü n . n w gc U l eT Ar kP i k ç ú G ñ k s mKY rd U cC ax ø Ü n b: u e NÑ a H .

GtI t m,i

k al d¾ yU ry a s U m ,I kn ø geT Aeh I y .

GFüaRs ½ y l ¥ .

mans I l

eTI b eBalbTmanCaGaT× f a

K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y RBHsarI b u t þ etß r

kñ ú g PB V aPB V n i e TÞ s dU cteTAe nH

e dI m , I s Em þ g rbs ; E dlK Y r lHbg; mu n

C aP i kç ú s mK Y r

KW

sEmþgrbs;EdlKYrkan;ykkñúgeBleRkay

P i kç ú T a M g e n a H

G PB V s tV mu n

e R kAl M d ab ; é n]e TÞ s

.

e hI y

eTIbsEmþg

E tkñ ú g]e TÞ s

e la k

n w gm i n cU l e T A r kG a car ü n i g ] bC Ä ay _ n w gc U l eT Ar kP i k ç ú G ñ k

R b kb

m an G Fi m u t þ i G a R kk ; d U cn w gx ø Ü n .

é nbT EdlK Y r ka n; yk ni gm an Gkç r³ Tn ; k ñ ú g Tv ½ n Þ v smas .

m ü : a ge T ot

ka r cU l eT A rk y: a ge n H

mi nE mn ma nE tk ñ ú g

PBV

bTfa

s½ B Þ

m u n ed ay GM N acl k ç N ³ ni ) at

k m μ a v re Nn

.

x ag e d I m

ed ayFm ’ Cae R K Óg b i T )a M g KW kmμ


- 491 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

- 492 - Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs

bTfa Tu b ,BaØ a \tbBaØ a KW vi n ascakGM B I P vgÁ b ,BaØ a .

)andl ; Gn nþ ri y km μ 5 y : a g . eQ μ a H fa

s mn ñ a K t a

Rbkb ehI y

KW

m an k ar RB m

)aMg

KW

sU m, I k al Pv g Á b ,Ba Ø ab ri b U r

m i n Em nC a )a T rbs ; e laku tþ r³

e RB ó geh I y . bTfa

m ü : a ge T ot

k i e ls av r eNn

ki e ls

)andl ;

e day Fm ’ E dlCa eR K Ó gb i T -

n i y tm i cä aT i d æ i

.

PvgÁ rbs ; G ñ kN a

s U m , I G ñ ken a H

k ¾ man eQμ a Hf a

C a G ñ k \ tbB aØ ae na H Ég . bTfa

T aM gB I r bT en H

G PB V a

niyamM

» ká m i t u M

Femμsu

eQ μ a H fa G a v rN ³ eR Ba H bi T)a M g sß ans Y K’ n i g mK Á . s U m , I

smμtþM

kmμ

L ay KW m i n Q an cU l dl ; Gri y mK Á eB al KW s mμ t þ ni ya m

m an ka r R bT U s r: ay P i k ç ú n I C aed I m

e l ak k¾ s e ®gÁ a He d a y

mi nGacQancu H k an ; s m μ t þ n i y am

k u s els u

k ñ ú gk u s lFm ’ T aM gL ay

F m ’ C ae R K Óg b i T )a M g KW km μ e na HÉ g . bTfa vi ) akavreNn edayFm’ C aeRKÓgraraM g KW vi ) ak

RbéB

eT I beQ μ a H fa

.

smμtþ

e RB aH Gri ymK Á .

k ñ ú gk a r[ pl kñ ú glM dab ;

m i n m an

q n Þ ³ m i n ma nbB a Ø a m i n G acQ ancu H KW

.

d U e cñ a H

Kb , I R Cabfa

sU m, I

b di s n§ i CaT u e h t u k ³ k¾ C aF m’ r a raM g KW vi ) ake na H Ég . bTfa

GsST § a

CaG ñ km i n mansT § a

KW

m i n mansT § a

k ñ ú gRB HB u T § C aed I m . bTfa G c ä n Þ i k a m i n man qn Þ ³ KW m i n m an qn Þ ³ k ñ ú g ku s l K W P aB CaGñ k R) a fñ aed I m , I n w g eF V I . B Y k mn u s SEdn]t þ r ku r u c U l e TA k an ; z an ³mi nman kareBj ci t þ .

C as Pav³ e d ay

G r i y m KÁ enaHÉg

)andl ; Geh t u k bd i s n § i / e RBa H k ar c ak; Fø ú H G ri ym K Á rEmg s U m ,I dl; Tu e h t u k ³

.

k ñ ú g k u s l Fm’ T aM g

b¤fa

Casm μ tþ ³

G ñ km i n mans T§ a

m i n ma n

cU l e TAkan ; s m μ tþ -

n i y am e n aH e RB aH xø Ü n ÉgCaGñ kl ¶ g ; e xø A . b T m an C aGa T × f a n km μ a v r e N n K b ,I RCabedayp Þ ú y n w gbT dU ceB aleh I y n u + H Ég .

¬ cb;Gdækfa GasyanusyBaØaNnieTÞs ¦

3


- 493 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 494 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

Gdæ k fa mhakru N ajaNni e TÞ s K b ,I RCabv i n i cä ½ y e TA en H

.

b T fa

m ü : a gm Y y eTot

k ñ ú gmh a kru N aj a Nn i e TÞ s dU ct

Bh u e k h i

G a k a e rh i

e d ay Gak a re R c I n

y: a g KW edayRbkar 89 y: a g Edlnw g eBalkñ ú g eBlenH . bTfa

b s Sn þ a n M

RT g ; B i c arN aeX I j eh I y

KW

RTg ; pS ay

KW

RT g ; j ú a M g c u H s ‘ b ;

RT g ;

c a k ka re b ot e b o n e d ay Tu k ç l k ç N ³

e l a ke B alf a

l kç N ³énsgç t Fm ’ T a M gB Y g

GaTietþa

ek þ Aed ay raK ³

eTotedayGM N ackarsmø w g dl; G tß f a mi n manGV I ² déTrlt; es ckþ I e kþ A KW raK³enaH)an . bTfa

el aksn ñ i v ae sa

elaksn ñ i v as

) an dl;

snñ i v as eRBaHCaTI G aRs½ y rbs; s tV T aM g Lay edayGM N ac t Nð a

bTfa GaTi e tþ a KW EdlePø I g eqHCab; C ani c © edaysPaB

K b ,I R Ca b fa

KW

bB a © k ç n § eQμ a Hf a el ak ed ayGtß fa EbkFø ay . eQ μ a H f a

c U l eT A .

e k þ A R khl ; R k h a y

G a T i e tþ a

Caed I m e n a HÉ g . cM ENkx agm u x K b, I RC ab f a el ak eB al

RT g ;

B i c a rN aeh I y e da yj aNckç ú n i gBu T§ c kç ú . bTfa » k á m ti

bTfa

.

e da yG M N ac T u k ç -

eR Ba H RB Hm an RB HP a KCa m © a s ;

Rtas ; T u k fa y T n i c © M t M T u k ç M vt ß ú N am i n eT og v tß ú e na HC a Tu k ç

n i gT i d æ i

.

TI G a Rs ½ y

KW

el aken aHÉg

eQμ a Hf a

e la ks n ñ i v a s . s U m, I B B Y k s t V k ¾ e Q μ a H fa e l a ksn ñ i v as e RB aH C aT I G a Rs ½ y r bs ; s t V e lak

EdlEtgehAfa

e RB aH G a Rs½ yx n§ s nþ an Edl Ca Tu k ç

.

stV

s U m , I e l aksn ñ i v a s

e na H k¾ RbRB w t þ e TA C am Y y xn § d U c K ñ a . bTfa

] y ü ú e tþ a

el aks nñ i v asx V l ; x V a y C an i c ©

KW

e RB aH R tÚ v Tu k ç e b ot -

e F V I esckþ I B ü a y a m e FV I e s ckþ I ] sS ah ³ e RB aHx V l ; xV ayC a ni c©

e b on n i geRBa H RB Hmh akr u N aCa b J s Kl ; . nw geB als Pa B

k ñ ú gk i c© eRc I n y: a g . G Fi b , ay fa m a n e s ckþ I x V l ; x V a y k ñ ú g

e k þ A e d ay raK ³ Ca e dI m x a gm u x .

sBV k i c © T aM g Lay . b¤ R bkbeday esckþ I B üayam KW xV l ; -

n i ged ay GM N ac Tu k ç l k ç N ³el I k d M b U g


- 495 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 496 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

x V ay .

e daybT enH el akeBaldl ; C r aT u kç RB mn w g e h tu . v i B a Ø Ú -

bTfa KW

b y a e ta

d M e NI re TAs ø ab ;

el aks nñ i v asm an dM eN I reT A Ca ni c ©

e da ydl ; k a r m i n ta M gma M

d U cTe nø E dl

bTfa ku m μ K Á M KW

bdibenña

el aksn ñ i v a s dM eN I reT A ka n;

dM eN I r xu s d ¾ y : ag Ga Rk k;

.

c M E Nk xa g mu x

el akeB ale pSgKñ aed ay bTe p Sg ² fa v i b f b k ç e n þ a s Þ ú He TA k a n; pø Ú v xu s .

n a M c U l e TArkmrN³

.

e RB a Hel akeBalCrafa

Gayuena

s M h an i 1 es ckþ I v i nasé nGay u . bTfa G T § ú e v a m i n )an yW ny U r KW mi nta M g m a M m i n en A y : ag en aH rh U t kal eRBaHmi ny W n yU r d U e cñ a H b T f a G T § ú e v a enH eBaldl; e htu r bs; b Tmu n fa ]bnI y ti EdlCranaM e TA .

G t þ a e Na

elak

m an G M N acE dln w g R Ck BY n

s U m , I m i n m an ka r

mi nman TI R CkB Y n

KW

rkSaTu k) a n

KW

mi n

G Fi b , ay fa

m i n m ane R KÓg k a rBa r . bTfa t a mk a r R) af ñ a

bTfa ] b nI y t i elakE dlCran aM c U l eT A KW E dl C r a

l u HeX I j Cr aT u k ç en aHehI y

v i n ase RBaH Cra k ¾ e cjb Y s . bTfa

e k I t G M B I Pñ M .

pøÚvxus

C n T aM g L ay

GnPisSera

mi n Ca \s S r ³

e RB aHx V HGñ kC M n Y y

KW

m i n man GM N a c

G Fi b,a y fa

mi nman m i t þ

s M L aj ; e RB aH mi nCaFM d U e cñ a H b T f a G n Pi s S e ra e nH C aB ak ü eB aldl ; e h tu rbs; bT mu nfa el akeB aldl ; T u kç ekI te RB aH

GtþaeNa

.

ed ay bTe nH

es ck þ I R B a t; R) asc a k rbs ;

C a TI RsL aj ; R B mn w geh tu . v i B a Ø Ú C n T aM gL ay

l u He XI j Tu kç e kI tcakesckþ I R B a t; -

R)asca krbs ; E dlCa T I R sL aj; en aH

s U m , I mi nT an ; m an k a r

v i n as c a kj ati k¾ ecjb Y s . 1 sMyutþnikay niTanvKÁ

bTfa G s S e k a

mi n ma n GV I Ca r bs ; x ø Ü n KW m i n m anv tß ú


- 497 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 498 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

C a r bs; xø Ü n .

m i n l Hbg ;

bTfa

sBVM

b h ay

KmnIyM

R t Ú v lHbg ; v tß ú T a M g B Y g

.

eRB a Hd U e cñ a H

s tV ma nkmμ C a rbs ; x ø Ü n

.

eT I b e l a keB al fa mü: a gv i j eTot

k m μ s S ka

kñ ú gr dæ )als U R t

eh I y e T A K W s t V e lakcaM ) ac ; Rt Ú v lHbg ; v t ß ú T a M g L ay Edl

e naHÉg el akeBalbTen HT u ky : ag en Hf a t V M b n

k M N t ; f a C av tß ú rbs; x ø Ü n eh I y e T A . e RB aH c aM ) a c; R tÚ v lHbg ;

K m i s Ss i

v tß ú T a M g B Y geh I y e T A rbs ; b Tm u n f a m rN Tu kç

dU ec ñ aH bT en H

GsSeka

RBmCam Y y eh t u

m rN Tu kç e n aHeh I y k ¾ ecj bY s

.

.

. .

lu He XI j

s U m, I m i n Ta n; m an k a rv i n as ca k e P a K³

k ñ ú gT I d éTel a keB al fa

bTfa Gti e tþ a elakmi n ecHEq¥ t KW mi n eBjci t þ e day

el akeBaldl ;

v i B aØ Ú CnT a M g L ay

stV elakeTAtam kmμ .

bTfa ] u e na elakx V H KW mi neBj .

Ca bT eBal dl; e h t u

e daybTen H

2

k a r R )a f ñ a éRk ElgeL I g

.

bTenH

k m μ s S k ama Nv

bTfa tNð a Taesa CaTaséntNð a KW CaTas³éntNð a eRBaHRbRBw t þ e TAkñ ú g GM N actNð a

k ñ ú gT I e n H

eh t u é n karm i n Eq ¥ t

e la e k a

1

elakeB alfa

GsSeka

el akm i n EmnCarbs ; x ø Ü n . R bs i n e bI s Y rf a bT

CabTeBaldl; e ht u é n

es ckþ I x V Hxa t .

stþ a 1 mñ a lmaNB stV T aM g Laymankmμ C arbs; x ø Ü n . cM E Nk n i g k ñ ú g rd æ )als U Rt

yfakmμM

T u kç

.

.

e d ay bTe nH

RBmCamY yn w g e h tu

bTenHCaBaküeBaldl; el akeB aldl ; B ü a Fi -

e day G ag dl; e r aK

KW

es ckþ I

e na H R tw m RtÚ v dU ce mþ c ? e qø I y fa el akeBalfa GsSeka

l M ) ak

m i n Em nC a rbs ; x ø Ü n s M e dA dl; l Hb g ; e h I y e T A . cM ENkkm μ

s U m ,I mi nT an ; m anesck þ I v i n asc ak Bü aFi k¾ ecjb Y s .

1 mCÄimnikay ]bribNÑask³

2 mCÄimnikay mUlbNÑask³

.

v i B aØ Ú CnTa M gL ay

l u H eX I j BüaFi Tu kç e n aHeh I y


- 499 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

bTfa

Gtayena

m i n m an ka rk a rB a r

- 500 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

el aks nñ i v asm i n m anT I b i T ) aM g

eR B a H mi nman TI bi T)a M g

KW

eQ μ a H fa ra ym ay ed ay ]T § c © ³ e naH .

s U m , I c ak m U l

Caed I m b¤ mi n rY c pu t GM B I P ½ y .

bTfa

GvUbsenþa

Rbkb eday]T § c © ³

bTfa G e l e N a el aks nñ i v asm i n m anT I B Y n KW m i n

el akmi ns¶ b ;

KW

mi ns ¶ b ;

Edl ma nlk ç N ³m i n s ¶ b ;

eRB aH

e R b ób dU c Rm w K

R Kv I E s ñ g . bT fa e l ae k a mk eh I y k ñ ú g z an ³ 4 m an C a

m an TI kM ) a M g K W G a Rs ½ y e nA ) an n i g m i n eF V I ki c © KW T I RC kB Y n

G a T× f a

s U m ,I TI kE nø g r bs ; G ñ kEdl C i t s ñ i T .

e la e k a / m an m keh I y k ñ ú gb Td ¾ e ss f a el aksn ñ i v ae sa .

bTfa

GsreNa

el aks nñ i v as

m i n man TI B w g

m i n na M P½ y rbs ; Gñ kE dl Ga Rs ½ y e nA ecj eT A) a n

KW

]bniyti

el ae ka

n i g k ñ ú g zan³

e TA C am Y y nw g k U n s r m an r a K³ Cae dI m G s rN I P U e ta

e RB aH [e k I t e s ckþ I e botebon

rbs ; n rNa G Fi b ,ay fa eQ μ a H f a G s r e N a e RB a Hmi n m an

n i ge RBa Hn a M e cj )a nlM ) a k .

k a re k I t k ñ ú gR b eTs rbs ; x ø Ü n

el aksn ñ i v as

eQμ a Hf a

G s rN I P U e ta

e RB a H

m i n m anT I B w g ) an Gs ; k a lEdl ek I t e n a HÉ g . bTfa

]T§eta

C a mY yn w g G k u s l TaMgBYg

el akraymay

KW

el akman k arRB m

EdleQ μ a H fa kU n s r

eRBaHT m ø ú H cU l e TAk ñ ú gxa g kñ ú g

bTfa v i e T § a Rt Ú v k U n s rm u teh I y K W Rm w K C a ed I m R Ka x ø HRt Ú v G ñ kd éT ca k ;

/

Etelak

KW

BB Y k st V e nH

xøÜnÉg

b : u e N Ñ aH RtÚ v m u t RK b; evl a .

e RB a Hek I tes c kþ I ra ym ay k ñ ú g G k u s l

n i ge RBa He Rc I neT Ae dayGku s le kI t k ñ ú gsn þ ans tV

]T§eta

bTfa s s el ø a elaks nñ i v as C a kU n s r K W R b RB w tþ

m i n ma nT I B w g

bTfa

fa

s U m ,I kñ ú gbT TaM gBI re na H k ¾ C ae l ak E tm ü: a gd U c K ñ a .

mi n e F V I [

G s; P½ y .

5

bTfa b u f u s el ø h i kU nsrcM n Y n eR c I n K W Rt Ú vk U n sr 7

Edlel akeBalT u kf a

kU n s r

7

KW s r K W raK³ 1 /


- 501 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 502 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

s r KW eT as³ 1 / s r KW emah³ 1 / s r KW m an H 1 /

k i els

s r K W T i d æ i 1 / s r KW k i e ls 1 / s r KW Tu c © r i t 1 .

R T ú g ed ayh am k arcU l dl ; ku s l / RtÚ v da k ; KW [Fø a k; e TA

bTfa sl ø a n M ] T § t a G ñ kn w g d k kU nsrTa M gL ay KW b u KÁ l Edln w gd kk U n s rT aM ge naH ca ksn þ a n s tV .

L ayN a

GBa Ø R t

mya

KW

ev or tf a K t

r b s; RBH m an RB HP aK C am © as;

e RB aHs av kT a M g e n aH

.

s av k T a M g

d k k U n s r)an

g g w tQw g K W KW

GviC¢a

el aksn ñ i v as

m an ka r

Gv i C ¢ ab i T ) aM gT u k eQμ a Hf a e s c k þ I g g w t Q w g

e RB aH Gv i C ¢ ae na H ÉgeF V I

G a e l a kM

d U c esckþ I g g w t Edlb i T -

G vi C ¢ a

KW

Gvi C ¢ a Etmü: a g

/

k i e ls bB a ¢ r b k ç i e t þ a

n w g sE mþ g CaBn ø W

eQμ a Hf a

KW

ma n

nw gs Em þ g kareX I j

elaksnñ i v as /

Fø a k; e nAkñ ú g GM N ac

m i n Em nR t w m Etb i T )a M g e d ay

karBi t cU l eTAcM E Nkkñ ú g bkç B Y k rbs; G vi C ¢ a .

eRB aH eht u e na H

eT I b

bTfa G N Ð P U e t a KW e kI t kñ ú gB g d U ces ckþ I f a s tV el akehAfa

el akeh Afa

GNÐPUta

G N Ð P U e ta

y : a gN a

e RB aH ek I t kñ ú gBg

. nig

e Rs am r bs ; G v i C¢ a .

k a rQ an cu H k an ; s PavF m ’ . bTfa

eRB a Hki elsenaHÉgCa

E bø k GM B I bTm u n .

el aken H

e d ayh a m

bB aØ a

d U cc U l e TAkñ ú gT I K μ ansN þ a b ; F ñ ab ;

KW

e RB aH ma n e R K Óg bi T ) aM g

T es S ta

cU l eT Ak an; Gv i C¢ a

B Y k xø He k I t k ñ ú gBg

b i T)a M g Tu k

KW

bTfa Gvi C ¢ a Keta

) a M gk a reX I j s Pav Fm ’ . Gv i C¢ a enaHÉg eQμ a Hf a ka r g gw t Gv i C ¢ a

RT ú g k i e ls

Bn ø W e d aybB aØ a .

/

d k )a nt amB ak üT U n μ a nrbs ; RBH m an RB H

G v i C ¢ n § k a r av r e N a

bTfa

R b R kt I e XI j Bn ø W

PaKenaHÉg eTI b eQμ a Hfa RBHmanRBHPaKb: u e NÑ a H dk)an . bTfa

eQ μ a H fa

k ñ ú gR Tú g ki els E dlmanGv i C ¢ aCa Ed ne kI t .

bTfa t s S KW rbs ; e l aks nñ i v ase na H .

bTfa

KW

Rt Ú v F ø a k; c U l e TAk ñ ú g RT ú g

bTfa bri e yaneT§ a EdlGvi C ¢ a h‘ u M B ½ T § T u k KW RtÚ v h‘ ¿ u B ½ T §


- 503 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 504 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

c g Tu ke dayB g n i geRsa m KW Gvi C ¢ a e d ayCM u v i j .

T a M g L ay s tV Ta M gena H mi nGaceF V I b c© ½ y[Rtg ; )a n .

bTfa t n þ a ku l C a e ta K W s μ ú R Ks μ a j dU cs rés GM e)a H

bTfa

KulaKuNæikCaeta

d U cC a Rkú m

k Nþ ú r ka t ;

rEmgCM B ak; kñ ú gT I e n aH

eBalfaCadM u . GacarüBY k mY y eBalfa

sM b u k stV

tém ø [sm

b ¤ s mtamté m ø f a

Kula

B I ren a HlM )akeFV I ka r

C ak a rl M ) a knw gv ay

e n Hm an té m ø b : u e N Ñ H

man té mø

b : u e N Ñ H y : a gN a . s tV Ta M gLay k ¾ d U e cñ a H C a G ñ k P ø a t; P ø a M g sμ ú R Ksμ a j

xV l ; x V a ykñ ú g bc© y akar

[ R t g; ) an

.

rEmgmi n GaceFV I b c© y akar

C ag tm , ajE d l t aM gen A kñ ú gP aB C M n aj c M eBaH

ed ayRCl k ; T w k )a y rbs ; Cag t m, aj

KW

es ckþ I fa s rés rGM e)aHrbs ; Cag t m, aj rk S aT u k m i n l ¥ R t Ú v ²

.

sm < ½ n § K ñ aC a R kú m Ca k g

PaBs μ ú RKsμ ajl M ) a ksU m, I T a M g

elak

eQμ a Hfa

v ay tém ø [es μ I K ñ a) an . bTfa m u B a¢ b B V C P U e t a CM B a k; CM B i n dU ces μ Ay a pø g n i g es μ Ad M e NkTn Say

KW

dU cCaes μ A ya p ø g

n i g esμ A d M e Nk

x ø Ü n k ¾ G a ce F V I s rés GM e )a H[ R t g; ) a n . b: u E n þ s tV déT ev or

T nS ay e kI t m and U cC aes μ Ay ap ø g n i ges μ Ad M e NkT nSay .

RBHeBaFi s tV eQμ a Hfa Gacnw g eFV I b c© y akar[Rtg; ) an eday

d M e s μ AT aM gen a He FV I E xS

F m μ t a rbs ; x ø Ü n rE mg mi n ma n

F ø a k; eT Ak ñ ú g T I N am Y y eh I y

G M e)aHEdlC M B a k;

.

m ü : a ge T o t

d U c C as ré s

C a g tm , ajy ke T A R Cl k; Tw k)ay ehI y

[ m an tém ø

k ñ ú gev l a Ex Sd ac;

l M ) a k nw gv aytém ø e s μ AT aM g e n a H

b ¤ m an té m ø s mK Y rf a

k ¾ nw g Ca b; Kñ a vi j ) an ni gB ½ n § Kñ a Cal, ay y : a gN a . e l a k

tém ø b: u e N Ñ H

e nH k ¾ d U e cñ a H

K b ,I GaceF V I [es μ Aen a HRtg ; ) an

lu HX ø at c a kk ñ ú g bc © ½ y Ta M gLa y

b c© ½ yT aM gL ay[ Rtg ; ) an GM N acTi d æ i 62

.

m i n Gace F V I

rEm ge k I t K M n i t E d l l ay e d ay

stV B Y k xø H TaM g LayNaGaRs½ y edayTi d æ i

eB aFi s t V

.

k a n ; y kE x SE d l

en H ma nté mø b : u eNÑ H

C a gGñ k ta M gen Ak ñ ú gP aB CM najc M e B aHx ø Ü n

eQ μ a H fa

.

b u : E n þ s t V déT

man k¾

ev orRBH

G ac nw g e FV I b c© y ak a r [R t g; ) antam

F m μ t a rbs ; x ø Ü n rE mgmi nman y: ag Na . el ak en H k¾ d U e cñ a H


- 505 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

m i n G ac nw ge F V I bc© y a ka r [ Rt g ; ) an

- 506 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

e k I t Ca e RK Ó ge d at R k g

k a n; ykbd i s n § i

c akb di s n§ i kan ; y k cu ti

kñ ú g k M e N I t 4

kñ ú gK t i 5

rEmgv i l vl ; k ñ ú g

kñ ú g v i B aØ aNd æ i t i 7 k ñ ú g

e da yG M N ac T i d æ i 6 2 r E mgmi np u t c a kG) ay Tu K ti v i n i ) a t

PB 3

s gS a reT A) a n .

s tþ av as 9 dU cT U k Rt Ú v xül ; p at ; eT Ak ñ ú g mh as m u RT n i gd U c

kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH bTfa G)aeya )andl; nrk kM e NI t ti r cä a n ebtþ i v i s ½ y Gsu r kay .

e K aEdl R tÚ v T w m e d ayy nþ dU ecñ aH .

TaM g Gs; e naH elakehAfa

G)ay eRBaHmi nman es ck þ I c eRm I n K W es ckþ I d w g .

bTfa G vi C ¢ a

mü : a ge T ot e Q μ aH f a T u K t i e RB aH C apø Ú v eTAkan ; e s ckþ I

e T as

G v i C ¢ a v i s eTassl ø i e tþ a

eQ μ a H fa v i n i ) a t eRB aHes ckþ I s u x F ø a k; e T A ca k k ay .

e RB aH Gv i C ¢ aenaHÉ g CaeTas

xn § a n B a© bd i ) a d i GeB V a cä i n ñ M v t þ m a n M

s M s ae r a bv u c © t i .

F atu

e nA R bRB w tþ eT A

el akeh Afa

e da yk a rekI té nG ku s l e Qμ a Hf a .

GviC¢a

eQ μ a H fa

.

Bis

m a n eT as C aB i s

KW

e RB a H

G v i C ¢ a m an eT as C aBi s e d at

T u c© r i t e n aHy: ag xø a M g k ø a .

Ga yt n³ mi n Ta n; dac; Ex S

bTfa ki e lskllI P U e ta manki e lsCaeTaseQμ a Hfa

sgSar d U e cñ H .

k i e ls kll M e RB aH k i e ls man Gv i C ¢ aCa ed I m C am U l C a k-

m i n kn ø gsg S a re n a HsU m , I T aM g Gs; e TA ) an k al en Am an c u t i

.

eRB aHj ú a M gC I v i t EdlCa

Cab; e hI y eRBaHCab; e nAedayGnu s ½ y bri y u d æ a nki e ls ni g

Fat u G a y tn a n c

l M d ab ; é n x n§

G vi C ¢ a e n aHÉ g

R b TU s r: a ysn þ an

c M ENks gS a re RkA G M B I e nH elakeB alfa

RtÚ v

m an eT as C aBi sedatCab ; e hI y eQμ a Hf a Gv i C ¢ a m a n

k u s l [vi n as e TA

T u kç .

el aksn ñ i v as

n i gb di s n§ i e r Oy ²

y : a g en H

.

t a mB i t

K W c a k cu t i

ll³

KW

l,b ;

e RB a H G tß f a

lic

.

e Qμ a Hf a

k i e ls -

kll I e RB aH ma nki e lse naHd U c C a Pk ; l ,b ; . bTfa

raK-


- 507 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

e T ase m ahC d a Cd i e t a

el aksn ñ i v as

- 508 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

CaéRB Rkas; e d ay

t Nð ae na H .

raK³ eT as³ emah³ K W r a K³ e Ta s³ e m ah³ Edl Ca el aP ³

bTfa

tNðaCaeln

b di X³ ni g Gv i C¢ a eQμ a H C d a e R B a He k I t e r Oy ² T a M g xag

sM N aj; t Nð a RKbTu k eQμ a Hfa

e R ka mx a gel I

enaHÉgCasM N aj;

kñ ú g G ar m μ N _

m an r U b C aed I m

d U cé RB Rk as ;

eB al KW s M N aj ; E mkbJ s SI C ae dI m e d ayk a r ca k; e Rs HK ñ a .

GMBImun

é RB R kas ; e d aykardu H

c g Tu ke day C M u v i j .

G F i b , ay fa k a rd u Hen a H

KW

raK³

eTas³

ela ke nH C aé RB Rkas ; d U c C ab J s S I Ca ed I m

KW

ni gem ah ³en a H cge datRkg

.

eday

d u H e d ayka rd u H rbs ; b J s SI C a

e dI m .

.

»tßeda

el aksn ñ i v asRtÚ v

sM N aj; t Nð a

eRBaHtNð a

edayedatRkgTu k tamn½ y dU c eBalehI y

e la ksn ñ i v asRtÚ v s M N aj ;

KW tNð a R Kb bi T

bTfa t N ð a e s a e tn v u y ð t i el aks nñ i v as Rt Ú v R kEs t Nð a pa t ; n a M eT A

eQμ aH f a

RkEstN ð a

e RB a H tNð a e n aH É g

CaRkEs ed ayna M e TAk ñ ú gsg Sa r . e l a ks nñ i v asRtÚ v Rk Es bTfa

T mø ay

CdM

viCedta

é RB Rk as ; e n H

q á a r é RB Rk as ;

KW

CRmH

ka t;

q á a relakEdl Caé RtFatu ehI y

taMg

t N ð a s gÇ a d b , d i m u e k á a

k g tN ð a R bm U l T u k

eQμ a Hf a

el aksn ñ i v a s

kgtNða

R tÚ v

eRB aHtN ð a e n a HÉ g

mi n Tan; d ac; E xS enARbRBw t þ e TA eQμ a Hfa kg eRBaHenAteTA . eQ μ a H fa

bTfa

t N ð a seBa Ø a C e n n

R t Ú v tN ð a Ca e RKÓ gT a k;

e nA y: a ge n H ) an . bTfa

t Nð ae na H pa t ; n a M e T A KW bn S at ; e TA .

k g t N ð a Rb m U l T u k

eRB aHRbm U l T u kx agk ñ ú gk g

.

el aks nñ i v as

c gT u k eQμ a Hf a t N ð a C a e R K Óg T a k;

e RB aH tN ð ae naHÉgCaeRKÓgT ak; T u kk ñ ú g v dþ ³

sBaØúetþa

e RB aH c g

elaksn ñ i v as Rt Ú v tN ð a

KW

cgs t V e l ak

C aeRK Ó gT ak; en aH

T a k; Tu k KW cgTu k . bTfa t N ð a n u s ey n G n u s ed a el aksn ñ i v aspSay


- 509 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

e TA

e RB a Ht Nð an u s ½ y

e n a H Ég C aG n u s ½ y sn ñ i v aspSayeTA

eQμ a Hf a

tNðanus½y

edayedkRtaM e nA k ñ ú gsn þ an t am e T A

- 510 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

e RB aH tN ð a .

el ak-

bTtNð ae na H É g .

eT Ay : ag xø a M g k ø a e d ay tN ð a nu -

s½y .

bTfa

t N ð a sn þ a e b n

snþb,ti

el aksn ñ i v asek þ A

Rkhay ed ayesckþ I e kþ ARkhay eRBaHtN ð a eQμ aH f a e k þ A e RB aH tN ð ae na H Ég

k al R bRB w t þ eT A

el aksn ñ i v aseT A ta mC a ti

KW

cUl

bTfa Gnu s eda elaksnñ i v asRCmu C RCmu l eTA eRBaH C r a KW s Þ ú H e TA .

j ú a M gel ak[ ek þ A Rkha y kñ ú g

n i g k ñ ú gk alé np l

.

el aks nñ i v ase k þ A

bTfa G P i P U e t a el aksn ñ i v as Rt Ú v B üaF i RKbs gá t ; K W e b ot eb o n .

Rkhay ed ayesck þ I e kþ A Rk h ay e RB a HtNð a e n aH .

bTfa

bTfa t N ð a b ri L a ehn b ri D y ð t i elaksn ñ i v as

Rkhl ; R khayeRBaHtN ð a

k m ø a M g Rkhl ; R khayeRcI n k al R bRB w t þ eT A

e RB aH tN ð a en aH É g

m an

ed ayesckþ I Rk hl; R kh a y kñ ú g

n i g k ñ ú gk alé np led ay CM u vi j

.

G P i h e ta

elaks nñ i v asRt Ú v mr N³b g V i l

KW

R t Ú v km © at; Rt Ú v T m ø a yy : ag xø a M g c M e B aHm u x .

Rkhl; R khay edayesckþ I R khl; R khayeRBaHtNð a eQμ a H fa

GnuKeta

e TA .

bTfa

Rkhay

K b ,I R bk bb T m an T i d æ i s gÇ a d aT ey a k gT i d æ i T u k eday

el ak -

bTfa k g Tu kç

KW

T u e kç

b t i d æ i e ta

el aksn ñ i v astaM g e n A kñ ú g

t a M g e n AGa Rs ½ y xn § b B a © k EdlCaTu kç

ed ayyl;

x u s fa C asu x . bTfa

tNðay

] DÐ i e t a

el aksn ñ i v as Rt Ú v tN ð a cg

sn ñ i v asRkhl ; Rkh ay ed ayes ckþ I R khl ; R khay eRBaH

T u k KW R tÚ v tNð a bu k ru k . e s ckþ I fa ck ç ú RtÚ v c gT u k edayExS

t Nð ae na Hed ay C M u v i j .

K W tN ð a eh I y T u kn w g b eg Á al KW rU b . RtecokCaed I m Rt Ú v


- 511 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 512 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

c g Tu ke dayExS KW t Nð a R t Ú v cgTu kn w gbe g Á a l K W s M e L g .

Caed I m

sU m, I e lak

d ¾ e ss dU c Edl )aneB aleh I y .

m an ka rRB me RB óg ed ay tN ð a e n aH

k ¾ eQμ aH fa Rt Ú v cg Tu ken a HÉ g .

bTfa T u c © r i t B n § e nn KW e d a y e RK Ó g c g KW T u c © ri t 3 y : ag

bTfa C r a ) a k a r b ri k ç i e t þ a el aksn ñ i v asRtÚ v kM Epg KW C r ah ‘ M T u k KW R tÚ v CraEdlCak M E pg h‘ M T u k e Kc e cjm i n )a n .

e Qμ a Hf a

R t Ú vmrN³EdlCaGnÞ a k;

e RB aH e d a H

)anlM ) ak T a k; Tu k .

KW

R t Ú v c ged ay e R K Ó gc g d¾ F M

e RB aH C ab ;

bTfa r a K B n § e n n edayeRKÓgcg KW raK³ eQ μ a H fa e R B a H raK ³ e n a H Ég

c g T u k m i n [ rb U tc a ks gS a r

) a n . e d a y e R K Óg cg KW r a K³e n a H . sU m , I k ñ ú g bTd ¾ e s s k ¾ ma nn ½ y en Hd U cK ñ a . bTfa

.

e RB a Hd U e cñ a H

bTfa B n § n M e m a e c t a e d aH e RK Óg c g[ K W e d aH e R K Óg cg[dl; e laksnñ i v asenaH . )az³fa Bn§ n a emaecta xø H . es ckþ I fa ed aHel aksnñ i v as e n a H c ak e R K Óg c g .

s ¥ i t n i ge RB aH p þ a c; ) anl M )a k .

raKBn § n M

man e hI y

nig

m i n K Y rk an ; y ks u c r i t e na H .

bTfa mhaBn § n B e n § a el aks nñ i v asRt Ú v cgT u ked ay e R K Óg c gd ¾ e R cI n

c M ENks u cri t Ca e h tu én karrY cp u tB I e RK Ó g cg

CaeRKÓgrY cp u t ca ke R KÓg c g

bTfa m c© ú ) a e s n b ri k i ç e tþ a el aksn ñ i v as Rt Ú v Gn Þ ak; m c© ú Tak ; T u k

.

k i e lsB n § e nn K W ed ayeRKÓgcg K W ki els

bTfa m h a s m < a F b,d i b e n ñ a el aks nñ i v as Ca p ø Ú v ed I r c e g¥ ótéRkElg

KW

e ma h³

Tidæi

ma n H

e dI re TA k an ; T I s þ ú k k i els

KW

raK³

n i gT u c© ri t

eTas³

E dl)andl ;

T I ce g¥ ótd ¾ é RkElg e RB aHebote bon k ared I rp ø Ú v rbs ; ku s l . bTfa

» P as M

T es St a

b g ð a jp ø Ú v Pø W [

KW

[eX I j

c,as; KW smaFi ni g bBaØ a EdlCaelaki y ³ ni g elaku t þ r ³ . bTfa

mh a bl i e B ae Fn

bl i B u e T § a

elaks nñ i v as

R t Ú v esckþ I k g V l ; d ¾ e RcI n c gT u k KW Rt Ú v eRKÓgkarB arF M b i T ) aM g


- 513 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 514 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

T u k . b ¤ l abT u ked aye RK Ógl a bF M . m ü : a ge T ot y : ag kgVl;

b T fa

m anra K³ C aed I m KW

t Nð a

.

ni gT i d æ i

k a t ; e s ckþ I k g V l ; e n aH

.

b l i e B ae Fa

) a z³ f a KW

es ck þ I kg V l ;

Ga c a rü xø Hel a keB alf a .

bT f a

bT fa

b l i e B aF M

m h a b )a e t

7

es ck þ I

e q eTt a

KW

k ñ ú g Gn ø g; F M

l , a b; FM

s M s a rM

emae cta

)andl ;

xøH

k ñ ú g l , ab;

. KW

b T fa

m h a v i T u e KÁ

s g Sa rvd þ

.

kñ ú g

sgSarvd þ

e na H Ég eQμ a Hf a l , a b ; e RB aH e c j e T A )a n lM ) a k . b T f a s m, ri v t þ t i bTfa

bRmHnenol

mh a bel ø e b

KW

kñ ú g

RtLb ; e T Amky : a gl M ) a k

Pk ; l , a b;

KW

k am F M

.

.

kam

)andl ; kñ ú g G nø g ; KW K t i 5 . b ¤ k ñ ú g Gn ø g; K W Cat i C r a

eQ μ a H fa P k ; l , a b; e RB aH eF V I [ l i c . bT f a bl i b e n ñ a KW

n i gm rN³

C a b;

.

TaM gGs ; e n aHeQμ a H f a

b)at

e RB a HeL I g ) a n

l M ) ak . bTfa b bt a ] T § t a K W eLI g pu tGM B I Gn ø g ; e na H .

.

l , a b; FM

)az ³ fa bT f a

m hab el ø b bl i b en ñ a G B Ö a h e ta

RKbsgá t ;

KW

KW

C ab ; k ñ ú gP k ;

Rt Ú v Gn þ ray Ta M g

bTfa mhakn þ a r b ,d i b e n ñ a elaksn ñ i v ased I reT A ka n ;

B Y g RKbsg á t; .

bTfa

p ø Ú v l M ) a kx ø a M g KW ed I rp ø Ú v kn þ a r e RB aH C at i Cra Bü aF i mrN³

G K Á i eRB a HGtß fa

d u t b M pø aj

es ak³ bri e Tv ³ T u kç e Ta mns S n i g] )a yas³ . Ta M g Gs ;

e na H . s U m , I k ñ ú g bTd ¾ e ss k ¾ m an n½ yen Hd U c K ñ a .

e na HeQ μ a Hf a k n þ a r e RB aH [ kn ø g ) an ed ayl M )a k . ) az³ f a k n þ a r a t e r t a xø H . bTfa

naMeTA

mh as M s a rb , d i b en ñ a

el aksn ñ i v ased I r e T A

k ñ ú gmh asg S a r KW ed I reT A ka n; x n§ s nþ an Edl mi nT an ; d a c; . bTfa

sMsar

emaecta

bTfa

KW

C Y y [ rY c pu tc a ks gS a rvd þ .

.

]nñIteka

raKKÁina

xø H

KW ra K³C a ed I m

. e da ye Pø I g KW ra K³C a ed I m

elaksn ñ i v asT ru n T u r a

GF i b ,ay f a

eQμ a Hf a

KW

Rt Ú v c ab ;

R tÚ v Ca t i c ab ; e h I y n a M e T A

ed I m , I

G n þ r ay manCra Caed I m . K b, I e X I j fa k G k S r k ñ ú g b Ten H C a k ar bE nß m esckþ I

.

b Tf a

hBaØti

n i c © m tþ a e N a

ek þ A

RkhayCani c © mi n manGV I T I B w g KW mi n manGñ k TI B w g RtÚ v ebot-


- 515 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

e b on Ca ni c©

.

bTfa

b t þ T eN Ð a

T TY l G aC J aB I R B H r aC a Ca e d I m GaCJa

KW

e c ar

.

bT f a

RtÚ v cg ed ay eRK Ógcg

.

R t Ú v TT Y l Ga C J a

bTfa

tkáaera

vC¢Bn§nBen§a

KW

- 516 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

KW

KW

) an

R t Ú v eF V I ta m

el aksn ñ i v a s

e T asm an r a K³ C a e d I m

.

bTfa

j ½ r é Rk E l g

.

bTfa

c i r rtþ b i L I e t a

Rt Ú v Tu kç e bote b on

m kd ¾ y U r KW Rt Ú v T u kç ebotebon cak ; ed atmkGs; kaly U r . bTfa

KFieta

elaksn ñ i v asCab ; CM B a k;

KW

X ø ane d a yk a r Ca b ; c i tþ b ¤ c geday eRKÓgcg KW G Pi CÄ a ka y -

GaXatn bc © ú b d æ i e t a R) a kd ehI yRtg; p ø Ú v Rt E L gE kg KW c U l

K n ß ³ . bT f a n i c © M b i ) a s i e t a e R skX ø an C an i c © KW

e TA R )a kd Rtg; T I cg KW m rN³ . bT f a e k a c i B n § n M e m a -

e Rs kX ø a n

e c t a n rN an w g C Y y [r Y cp u t) an . )a z³f a nr Nan w gC Y y

X ø ane na H Ég K W tN ð a

[ p u t c ak e R K Ó g cg ) an k¾ m an . b T f a G n a e fa el aksn ñ i -

eQ μ a H fa es ckþ I e RskX ø a n K W tNð a .

v asm i n man TI B w g eQμ a Hf a

G n a e fa

e RB aH mi nmanT I B w g

KW

e Rsk

bTfa

ed I m, I n w g p w k

Gen§a

.

ed I m , I n w g b ri ePaK

R)af ñ a

es ckþ I e Rs k

es ckþ I e Rs kX ø a n m i n mancen ø aH

elaksn ñ i v a s xV ak;

eQμ a Hf a

x V a k;

\ s S r³ . b ¤ T I B w gE dl Ca \sS r³ ed ayx ø Ü n Égmi nman . bT

e RB aH m i n man bBa Ø a EdleQ μ a H fa c kç ú e RB aH G t ß f a eX I j .

fa

bB a Ø a e n aH Ég

b r m k ar u B a Ø b ,e t þ a

El g

KW

K Y r)anTT Y l es c kþ I G aN i ty : a g é Rk -

dl ; P aBK Y r k ru N aé Rk eB k

karh am Xat ; C ra C aed I m

.

bTf a

e RB aH mi n Rt w m l μ m kñ ú g

taeyta

nw g CaG ñ k CY y

e Rs ac Rsg ; K W X M u R Kg . ) az³f a t a y i t a l¥ C a g . bTfa T u k ç a Pi t u e n ñ a el aks nñ i v as Rt Ú v T u kç ca k ; e da t KW RtÚ v Tu k ç d ¾ e RcI n

manCati T u k ç C aedI m cak; e dat ebotebonjab; -

m i n m an ck ç ú

r E mg e X I j s PavFm ’ P aB C aG ñ k x V a k; e n aH

P aB C aG ñ kx V ak; e na H Ég

KW

.

b Tf a

Gckçúeka

m i n m an kñ ú gx a ge Rk ay

.

C a G ñ k manEP ñ kd U cm i n man EP ñ k

rE mg ma nta m Rb Rk tI en aHÉg . bTfa

htenetþ a

elaksnñ i v asmanEPñ k vi n as

eQμ a H

famanEPñ k vi n as eRBaHmi n manbBaØ a EdlehAfa enRt eRBaH


- 517 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

m an s P aB n a M e T A

.

el akeh Afa

enRt

- 518 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

e RB aH na M Gtþ Pa B[

l i c c u H k ñ ú gvd þ ³ . eQμ a Hf a m e h aX a eRB aH» X³ FM C a g»X ³

e XI j TI esμ I n i g TI m i n es μ I . n a M e T A ka n; p ø Ú v l ¥ ni g mi nl ¥ e d ay

R b R kt I

bB a Ø a

P e v aX ³

.

R BHs arI b u tþ et ß r

e nR t rbs ; G ñ ke na H

k a l nw gsEm þ gdl ; k a rm i n m an

eR Ba HE Pñ k v i n as

eT I b eB al

Gbr i N a -

yeka mi n manGñ k naM . GFi b ,ayfa manEPñ k dU c Cami n man .

eQ μ a H fa

vibfbkçenþa

pø Ú v x u s

b ¤ p ø Ú v m i n ra b

.

eQμ a Hf a

G F i b ,ay fa ed I reT A kan ; m i cä aT i d æ i K W p ø Ú v xu s . GBa ¢ s a b r eT § a

v eg V gp ø Ú v eh I y

b T T aM ge naH

vegVgpøat

k ñ ú gp ø Ú v K W p ø Ú v Rt g ; Edl )andl ; m C Äi ma bd i b T a . bTfa G r i y b f M G a e n t a mk k an ; pø Ú v Gr i y ³ KW na M cU l e TA [dl ; G d æ g Á i k mK Á E dlC a Gr i y ³ . bTfa ; emah ³

mehaXbkç e nþ a

eQμ a Hf a

»Xa

Gvi eC¢ aX³

1

kaemaX³ .

1

e Qμ a Hfa

e RB aHs Þ ú H cU l eT Ak a n; » X³T aM g e n aH . b¤ fa

K b ,I RCabn ½ y EdlEbø k BI n½ yT I m Y y

bT f a

TidæiKt

TVIhi

kñ ú g bT en aH

KUfKtM

eQ μ a H fa T i d æ i K t M

mutþKtM

T i d æ i K e th i

Rt Ú v Ti dæ i

. 2

kñúg KW

1

KW

T i d æ i e n a HÉ g

mU Rt la mk

.

dU c bT m an C a mü : agv i j e Tot

e RB aH eT AC amY y Ti dæ i e RB a H mi nmanvtß ú E dl

K Y re TA . k a re XI j en H R b RBw tþ e TA k ñ ú gT i d æ i T a M g L ay eQ μ a H f a T i d æ i K t M e RB a HT i d æ i 6 2 F ø ak; cu H kñ ú g xagkñ ú g x ø H . B i t eh I y T i d æ i 62 n i g T i d æ i 6 3 k ¾ C aT i d æ i 2 y : ag en aHÉ g KW ssS-

elaksnñ i v assÞ ú H eTAkan; G nø g

eRB a Hj ú a M gst V E dl mank i e ls[

y : ag K W

R t Ú v ssStT i d æ i n i g ]ec ä TT i d æ i rY b ri t .

G a T× f a KW

1

4

s Þ ú He TA k an ; » X³F M KW s gS a rvd þ .

sÞ ú H eTAkan; p ø Ú v xu s eRBaHsÞ ú H eTA KW cU l eTA edI r eTAxu s pø Ú v .

bTfa

Ti ed æ a X ³

\ LÚ v en H

el aks nñ i v ass Þ ú He TA ka n ; p ø Ú v x u s

eRB aHpø Ú v xu s

1

»X³Ta M g e n a Hm an

m e h a Xb kç e n þ a

el akGFi b , ay fa m i n man G ñ k déTnaM e T A )a n . bTfa

.

1 GgÁútrnikay nvkni)at


- 519 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

tTidæi

ni g] ecä T Ti dæ i

.

e RB aH d U e cñ a H

- 520 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

ka l e FV I T i d æ i T a M g Gs;

e da yse gç b Tu kx a gkñ ú g el akeT I b eBal T V I h i T i d æ i K e t h i . bTfa b r i y u d æ i e t a RtÚ v Ti dæ i 2 y : ag rY b ri t karrMuB½T§

KW

dl ; n U v

dl ; e s ckþ I R ) a kd . G Fi b ,ay fa dl ; ka rRb k an ;

Gacar³EdlCaku s l

edaym i n [e kI teLI g

.

k i else RKÓgRbkb eQμ a Hf a ey aK e RB aH G tß f a k ñ ú gvd þ ³

b ¤ eQμ a Hf a

.

eyaK³

Rb kbT u k

ed ayGt ß dU ecñ HK W

R b kb

eB areBjeT Ae dayeyaK³T aM ge naH . bTfa c t u e y a Ke yaC i e t a

s m dU c

C a e R K Ó g Rbk b

R BH m an RBHP a K Rt as ; T u km an CaGa T× f a

4

Rbk bT u k

Ti d æ i e yaK³ 1 Gvi C ¢ a eyaK³ 1 . dU c eKaRtÚ v cgTu k nw g reTH .

enA B Y k x ø H r E m gs Þ ú H e T A G ñ k m an c k ç ú

r a K³ R bk be d ay k am Ku N 5 eQμ a Hf a k a m r a K . q n Þ r a K ³

tIhi

k ñ ú grU bPB

Tuc©riethi

KW

e da yk ayT u c© r i t

3

v cI Tu c© r i t 4 n i g menaT u c© r i t 3 . bTfa v i b ,d i b e n ñ a elaks nñ i v asb di b tþ i x u s )andl ; b di b tþ i x u s KW bd i b tþ i K Y re x< I m eQμ a Hf a mi c ä ab di b tþ i .

n i g G r U b PB

e dayssStT i d æ i

k a r R) afñ a kñ ú gQan

1

Pv ey aK³

/

1

raK ³sh Kt

es ck þ I R )af ñ a e d ay GM N a cPB

eQμ a Hf a

P v r a K . Ti d æ i 6 2 eQμ a Hf a T i d æ i e y aK . k a r mi nd w g k ñ ú gz an ³ 8 y : ag eQμ a Hf a G v i C ¢ a e y a K . »X³ 4 T a M gen a H m a n k m ø a M gx ø a M gk ø a / e ya K³ 4 m an km ø aM gT n; ex Say . bTfa

1 xuTÞknikay \tivutþk

k ame ya K³

R b kb Tu k k ñ ú g v dþ ³

B Y k x ø H R t Ú v T i d æ i 2 r Y b ri t r E m gC a b ;

.

T a M ge nH KW

KW

e d a ye y a K³

1

4

y : ag

el aksn ñ i v as Rt Ú v k i e ls

m ñ a l P i k ç ú T a M g L ay e Tv tan i g mn u s S

rEmgeX I j bTfa

bTfa e y ae K h i y u e tþ a elaksn ñ i v as Rbkbeday

y : ag

ctUhi

eQμ a H fa

Knß

Kenßhi

ki elsCaeRK Ógedat Rkg

eRB a HRkg

KW

4

c gG ñ k m an ki elsT u k


- 521 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gvd þ ³

ed ay c u t i

G P i CÄ ak ay Kn ß ³ 1 kayKnß ³

1

n i gbd i s n § i

.

Kn ß ³ man

B ü a )a T k ay Kn § ³ 1

\ TM s c © a Pi n i e vs kayKn ß ³

4

- 522 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

y : ag

KW

s I l BV tb r am as KW

eQ μ a H fa

GPiCÄa

e RB aH G tß fa

Caeht u s mø w g rM éB

.

e nH b: u e NÑ a HB i t

y : a gdé TCae maX³

.

G F i b , ay fa ed atRkg KW c g Tu ke da yK nß ³ 4 T aM ge na H . bTfa c t U h i ] ) a T aen h i e da y] ) aT an 4 eQ μ aH f a

k a r Rb k anv tß ú

e nH f a C as c© ³ 1 .

el akeT og

G a T× f a

])aTan

eRBaHRbkan ; y : ag xø a M g

T a M g en aH

m an

4

y : ag

KW

KW

ca b; y k

k a mu )aTan

1

.

] ) aT an

T i d æ ú ) aT an

1

b¤ s mø w g rM é Bedayxø Ü n Ég . b¤ m anRtw m Etkarsmø w g b: u e NÑ a H .

s I l BV tu ) aT an 1 Gt þ v aT u )a Tan 1 . eQμ a Hf a k a m u ) aTan

)andl ;

e RB aH R bk an ; m a M k ñ ú g k am

el aP³en a HÉg

.

eQμ a Hf a

kayKnß

e RB aH G tß f a

Rkgn amkay K W cgT u k k ñ ú g v dþ ³ ed ayc u t i n i g bd i s n § i . eQμ a Hfa Büa)aT eRBaHGtß f a Caehtu e botebon KM u K Y n [dl; esck þ I v i n as

.

b ¤ j ú a M g e s ckþ I s u xEdl CaRbeyaCn _

dl; k arRbRBw t þ v i n ½ y ni g rU b sm,tþ i C aedI m [dl; e sckþ I v i n as . k a r Rb k an ; m a M e C O rf a

e s c kþ I b ri s u T § ma ned ays I l vt þ

b¤ s I l ni g vtþ r bs; s mNRBahμ N _ x ageRkA manedayRbkar d U e c ñ H eQμ a H f a s I l B V t b r amas . eQ μ a H fa

\ T M s c © a Pi n i e vs

e RB aH Ti dæ i e naHCa])aTan

.

m ü : a geT ot

eQμ a Hf a

.

eQμ a Hf a

T i d æ ú ) aTan

e RB aH

Rbkan ; m aM ed ayTi dæ i . ] t þ rT i d æ i ¬ Ti dæ i x a ge Rk a y ¦ Rbk a n; ma M burimTidæi

¬

T i d æ i m an kñ ú g xagkalm u n

ss Se ta Gt þ a c el ae k a

1

¦

k ñ ú g b Tm an C aGa T × f a

Gtþ a n i g elakeTog . eQ μ a H

f a s I s B V t u ) a T a n e RB aH k ar R bka n ; s I l eQμ a H f a

s I l B V t u ) a T an

bd i e s F

s U m ,I P asi t r bs ; R B HsB V B a Ø Ú eh I y Rb k an; ed ay Gakarm an Ca

v tß ú

k a m u ) aTan e RB aH k ame na H Ca ]) aT an . eQμ a Hf a T i d æ ú ) a T a n

e T ot e RB aH G tß f a

KW

1 xuTÞknikay xuTÞk)az³

n i g vtþ

eRB aHs I l

.

mü:ag

ni gvtþ en aHCa


- 523 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 524 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

] ) aT an . s I l rbs ; e Ka ni gv tþ rbs; eKaCae dI m C a] ) aT an

t i rcä an 1 eb tv i s ½ y 1 mn u s S 1 eTv ta 1 d¾ ma n km ø a M g

e RB aH R bk an ; fa esck þ I b ri s u T § r Emgmany : a gen H . eQμ a Hf a

e d a yk a rQa n c u H .

v aT eRB a HCaeht u e B al . eQ μ a H f a ] ) a T a n e RB a HCa eh tu

bTfa

Rbkan ; m aM

.

eB al GV I

?

k a r Rb k an ; m a M v aT³rbs ; x ø Ü n

Rb k an ; m a M G V I .

eQ μ a H fa

?

e B al Gtþ a

.

GtþvaTu)aTan

.

bBa © h i k a m K u e N h i

bTfa

rC ¢ t i

es amnsi k ar

Rtw mE tvaT³fa x ø Ü n b: u e N Ñ a H . T i d æ i s U m, I T a M g G s; ev orTi d æ i 2

e F V I [ ra K³ e k I teL I g

y : agTa M gen H

e R tk G r .

Tidæú)aTan

.

ed ay ]) aT an

4

T a M g e n aH .

bTfa

bTfa ] ) a T I y t i Rbkan; ma M KW k a n ; y k . ) az ³ f a

eQ μ a H fa

rEmgeRtkGr

KW

.

bBa © h i

nIvrN

G Fi b , ay fa

n I v reN h i

e RB aH rE m grara M g

m μ N _ e n a H ² e d ay] )a T an .

] T§ c © k u ká ú c© ³ 1 v i c i ki cä a 1 ca b; Tu k .

5 eQμ aH fa K t i eRBaHeT A KW c U l eT AC i t ed ayeht u eF V I l ¥ n i ge FV I Ga R kk ;

KW

xn § T a M g L ay

RBmedaykarR)akd

el aksn ñ i v aseL I g k an ; Kt i 5 Ta M ge nH KW n r k 1

.

kMeNIt-

5

KW

k a mc ä n Þ ³

1

e RB aH

e FV I esck þ I e Bj c i t þ

RtÚ v n I v rN³

R t Ú v n I v rN³

h

ed ay

G a Rs ½ y Gey an i -

rEmgeRtkGredaykamKu NT a M g e n aH

] ) a T i y t i k ¾ ma n . es ckþ I f a s tV elakrE mgkan ; y kGa r-

bTfa b B a © K t i s m a r u e L a el aksn ñ i v aseL I g k an ; K ti

5

c M ENkénvt ß ú ka m 5 K W r U b s M e L g k ø i n rs e p ad æ B V ³ .

b ¤ e Q μ aH f a G t þ v a T u ) aT a n e RB aHCa eht u Rbk a n; ma M fa x ø Ü n m a n

eQμ a Hf a

ed aykamKu N

KW

5

biTTuk

RK bs gá t; c i t þ

B ü a )a T

1

fI nm i T § ³

. 1

bTfa » t ß e ta KW bi T)a M gT u kc M E Nkx agel I . bTfa q h i v i v a Tm U e lh i KW ed aymU l eh tu v i v aT 6 y : ag . dU c RB H ma n RB HP a KRt as ; T u k f a m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g Lay mU l eh t u énv i v aTTaM ge nH man 6


- 525 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

dl; C nd¾ e RcI n edI m ,I P aBmi n Casu x dl;

y : ag . 6 y: ag dU cem þ c ? . m ñ alP i k ç ú Ta M gLay sasnaenH

Pi k ç ú k ñ ú g

CaG ñ ke R ka F cgesck þ I

eRkaFT u k . m ñ al Pi k ç ú Ta M gL ay Pi k ç ú NaCaGñ ke R ka F cgesck þ I eRkaFT u k . Pi kç ú enaH m i n e KarB m i n ek a tE R kg k ñ ú g RBHsas þ a . m i n eF V I [ b ri b U r N _ s U m ,I kñ ú gRBH F m’ sU m, I k ñ ú gRB Hs gÇ sU m, I kñ ú gsi k ç a .

ekatERkgkñ ú g RB Hs asþ a br i b U rN _ k ñ ú g RB HF m ’ .

Cnd¾ e RcI n

m i n eF V I [

ed I m , I e s ckþ I v i n asdl ;

Cnd¾ e RcI n ed I m ,I P aB mi nCaRbeyaCn_ e dI m, I e s ckþ I T u k ç d l ; e Tv t a n i g mn u s S Ta M g La y . m ñ alP i k ç ú T a M g L ay B Y k G ñ k B i c a rN aeX I j v i v aT CamU l eh t u é nv i v aT

Rbs i n e bI e n aH É g

x a gk ñ ú g k þ I

x ag

eRkAk þ I m ñ alP i kç ú T a M gL ay kñ ú g R b ka r enaH

m ñ alP i k ç ú T a M g L a y Pi k ç ú N am i n

kñ ú gsi k ç a

- 526 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

BY k Gñ k Kb , I B ü ay ame dI m, I l H

m U l eh tu énv i v aTd ¾ l amkenaHecj . m ñ alP i k ç ú T a M g L ay

Rbs i n e bI B Y kGñ k

k ñ ú g RB Hs gÇ

mi n Bi c arNaeXI j vi v aT enHÉgCamU l -

rEmgj ú a M g

eht u é nv i v aT x ag kñ ú g k þ I xage RkAkþ I .

Pi k ç ú e na H

v i v aT[ek I teL I g kñ ú gsgÇ

.

vivaT

rE mg Rb RBw tþ eT Aed I m , I m i n Ca Rb ey aC n_

mñ a lPi k ç ú T aM g Lay kñ ú g RbkarenaH B Y k G ñ k K b ,I bd i b tþ i

ed I m , I k a rm i n ek I t


- 527 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 528 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

plénmU l ehtu énvi v aTd¾ l amkenaH teTA)an

.

karlHmUlehtuén

v i v aTd ¾ l am kenH RbkardU e cñ H

mankarRbkan ; m a M T i d æ i rbs; x ø Ü n

.

Gñ km an k a rRbk a n; ma M

rEmgmane day

)anl M ) a k

k a r m i n ek I t plé n

ek I t p lt eT A

manedayRbkard U e cñ H . Rb k ar

d éTen Am an eT o t P i kç ú Ca Gñ k m an k a r l u b Ku N v ay bJ k es μ I . CaGñ km an .

Ca Gñ k

GY t Ga g m a k; gayeK . Ca Gñ km an karR)afñ a l am k

eRc I n e TAed aymi -

cä aT i d æ i . C aG ñ km an Ti dæ i Ca rbs ; x ø Ü n eRcIneTAedaykarRbkan;maM

kar

e R ka F

KW

1

.

Rbkbedayesckþ I T as ; c i tþ

P i kç ú N a

E dlm an Gak a rx w g

e R ka F Calk ç N ³ . bTfa

]bnahI

c ge s ck þ I e Rk aF T u k

KW

Rb k bed ay

] bn ah³ Edl ma nl k ç N ³m i n evorcakeB or . bTfa

Ghitay

Tukçay

e T v m n u s Sa n M

e dI m, I mi n

CaRbeyaCn_ edI m ,I e sckþ I T u k ç d l; e Tvta ni g mnu s STaM g Lay . v i v aTrbs ; P i kç ú e ya Cn _

2

rU b

r E m g Rb RB w tþ eT Aed I m , I P aBm i n C aR b -

e dI m, I e s ckþ I T u kç dl; eTv ta

Rbkan ; e na H l H) a ned ay Rk . m ñ alP i k ç ú Ta M gLay

Pi kç ú e na Hm i n eK a rB

kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa e k a F e n a e R cI neT Ae dayes ckþ I

m ñ alP i k ç ú Ta M gLay

esck þ I Rc ENn k M N aj ;

ma n ka rl H

kñ ú gs U m ,I kñ ú g RB Hs as þ a .l. m i n

rE m g

m U l eh tu énv i v aTd ¾ l am kenH

.

Ca

1 GgÁútþrnikay qkáni)at

n i g mn u s ST aM g L a y


- 529 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 530 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

y : agN a . kale b I P i k ç ú 2 rU b v i v aTK ñ a d U ck ñ ú g ekasm < k xn§ k ³

1

Genþ v asi k rbs; P i k ç ú 2 rU b enaHkñ ú g vtþ e naH k¾ v i v aTKñ a .

P i k ç ú s gÇ

Pi kç ú nI s gÇ

Gñ kTT Y l »v aTrbs ; P i kç ú

2

e Tv t a rk S aF mμ v aTI k ¾ C aBY k GFm μ v aT I G a r kç eTv ta

k¾ Eb ke cj CaB Y k

G ñ k r kS am nu s ST a M g L ay k¾ C aB Y k Fm μ v aT I .

b nÞ a b; mk

k ¾ EbkK ñ a

.

.

.

Edl r kS a GF m μ v a TI

P u mμ dæ eTv taE dlCam i tþ r bs ;

e Tvt a

n i gmn u s STa M gLa y

ev or

RBHGri y savk EbkCa 2 cM E Nk ed ayt ² K ñ ay : a g en H rh U t dl; RBh μ e l ak . GFmμ v aTI e Rc I n C agF m μ v a TI . t G M B I e na Hm k e na H G F m’

v t ß ú E dlBY kd ¾ e R cI n Rb ka n ;

eT I b Cas c© ³

eRB aHeh tu

BY k EdleRc I n C ag eT I b na M K ñ a l Hb g ; F m ’ .

B Y k G Fm ’ T aM g e n a H

Rbkan; yk

Rbk a n; G Fm ’ C a e Kal

kñ ú g G)ay . karvi v aTrbs; P i k ç ú 2 rU b y: a genH

rEm ge k I t

rEmgRbRBw t þ

edI m ,I e sckþ I T u k ç d l; e Tvta

ni g mnu s S

T a M g L ay . bTfa

r U be na H

k¾ v i v aTKñ a . tBI e naH ]bdæ a krbs; P i k ç ú 2 rU b enaH k¾ v i v aTKñ a . t m keT v t a

eTAedI m ,I m i n CaRbeyaCn_

el ak

.

G CÄ t þ M

bTfa

rbs ; B Y k d é T

.

va

xagkñ ú g k þ I

Bhi T § a

va

bTfa

m kç I

KW

kñ ú g b ri s ½ T r bs; B Y k

cM E Nkx age RkAk þ I KW

KW

bri s ½ T

Rb k be d ay k arl u b Ku N

E dlmanlk ç N ³lu bb M )a t; K u N e l a k . b T f a b l a s I KW Rb kb ed ay karv ayb J kes μ I Edlmanl kç N ³ r w gt ¥ w g . bT fa \sSúkI

KW

Rbkbedayesckþ I Rc ENn

ma nl kç N ³

KW

es ckþ I b J s üa mans k á a r ³ rbs ; G ñ k d é T C ae dI m . bT f a m c ä r I KW

Rb kb ed ay mc ä ri y ³

bTfa s ef a

5

m an Gavasm c ä ri y³ Ca ed I m

.

GY t Gag K W eBje TAed aykarLkL W y . bT

f a m a y av I m ay a KW b i T )a M gGM e B I Ga R kk ; E dl xø Ü n ) ane FV I . bTfa

)abiecäa

man karR) afñ al am k

KW

C a Gñ k RT ú s þ s I l

R ) a fñ akarel I k s res I r k¾ mi nman . bT fa m i c ä a T i d æ i )andl ; n t ß i kv aT I ¬ manv aT³fami nman ¦ Geh tu kv aT I ¬ m anv aT ³

1 vin½y mhaxn§k³

f a mi nman eh tu ¦ Gki ri y v aT I ¬ m anv aT ³fam i n ma nk a reFV I ¦ .


- 531 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 532 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

bTfa s n Þ i d æ i b r a m as I K W sÞ ab GE g ¥ l T i d æ i rbs ; x ø Ü nÉg b : u e N Ñ aH .

k g tN ð a

bTfa

Tub,dinisSKÁI

Rbkan ; ) an ²

.

KW

m i n Gacl Hbg; v tß ú E dlx ø Ü n

cM ENkk ñ ú g xu TÞ k vi P gÁ

e d ay GM N acCaRb Fanfa

e RB aH R bk b

kay

s½BÞ

e day G tß f a

BYk

.

s U m ,I kaleB alfa t N ð a k a y a k¾ KW tN ð aen a HÉ g .

bTfa G a F a n KÁ a h I KW Rbkan ; m aM .

mYy

m an G a rm μ N _ e R cI n . d U e cñ aHelakeT I b eB al fa t N ð a k a y a

el akeBaldl ; Fm ’

m U l eh tu énv i v aT

6

dUc

bTfa

rC ¢ t i

r E m g R) a fñ a

KW

eBj c i t þ r I k r ay kñ ú g

G a r mμ N _ e da yx ø Ü n Ég . bTfa

qhi

T i d æ i K eth i

ed ayTi dæ i

6

el akeBal

e mþ c ? KW e k aF ³ 1 m k ç ³ 1 \sS a 1 sa e fyü ³ 1 ) a bi c ä a

T u keh I y kñ ú g sBV asvs U R t . kñ ú g sU RtenaH RBHmanRB HPaK

1 sn Þ i dæ i bra m asI 1 ¬ k a rR b kan ; T i d æ i r bs ; x ø Ü n ¦ 1 . e nH K W

Rtas ; T u k fa kalebI Pi k ç ú m ns i ka r ed aymi n RbéB

m U l e ht u é nv i v aT 6 y : ag 1 . bTfa

qhi

e da ytN ð a t Nð a

1

F m μ t Nð a

6

d U c )an eBal ehI y

K n § tNð a 1

t N ð a k a e yh i

1

rstNð a

kñ ú gtN ð a Ta M gen aH

edaykgtN ð a

6

KW

y: a genH Ti d æ i 6 y: a g NamY y rEmgekI t

KW

sT Þ -

eL I g . KW T i d æ i e dayes ckþ I B i t ed ay

r U b t Nð a 1

1

e p ad æ B V tN ð a

e RB aH tN ð a m Y y

²

1

rEmg

m an d¾ e Rc I n e RB aHek I te r Oy ² kñ ú g G a rm μ N _ s U m ,I mY y ² e RB aH

esckþ I t a M gm aM rEm ge k I t dl; Pi kç ú e na H fa Gt ß i

em

G t þ arbs ; e y I gm an

T i d æ i e d ayesckþ I B i t eCOr)an

1 GPiFmμ viPgÁ

Gtþa

em

Gtþ a

.

ed ayk a rRb k an ;

rE m ge kI t dl ; P i kç ú e n aHfa G t þ a rbs ; e yI g mi n ma n

ntßi .


- 533 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

T i d æ .l. fa

r E m ge kI t eL I g dl; P i kç ú en aH

G t þ a n av

GtþanM

- 534 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

r E mg k an ; y k fa xø Ü n man eh I y kñ ú gkal Ta M gB Y g .

sB a ¢ a n a m i ey I g

bTfa

sc © e t a

efteta

d w gc,as ; Gtþ ae da yx ø Ü n É g . b¤ Ti d æ i .l.

e da yes ck þ I ta M gm aM

rEmgekI t dl; P i k ç ú e naHfa Gntþ n av Gtþ a nM

y : agl ¥ fa \ T M s c © M en He T og .

sB a ¢ a n a m i G n tþ a .

ey I g dw g c,as ; Gtþ a e d ay m ü : a gv i j eTot

dl ; Pi kç ú en aH

y : a ge n H fa

bTfa

ntßi

.

em

KW

e da yes ck þ I B i t

ela k GFi b, ay f a

Gtþa

KW

nig

e d ay ka rt a M gm aM

eQμ a Hf a

] e cä T Ti d æ i

e RB aH

T i d æ i rEm g ma n

Rbkan ; k a rm i n m anm i n e k I t k ñ ú g Gt þ a e n a H ² rbs ; s tV Edlman

Gtþ a rbs ;

eh I y . m ü : a gv i j eTot eQμ a Hf a s s StT i d æ i e RB aH Rb k an ;

Gñ k

fasU m ,I T i d æ i m u n ² k¾ m ankñ ú g kal 3 / ]ecä T Ti d æ i eRBaHRbkan;

d w g rEmgesayv i ) a krbs ; km μ T aM g L a y

f a b c© ú b,n ñ b : u e N Ñ aH ma n / ]ecä T Ti dæ i e RB aH R b ka n; f a s U m, I

e yI ge nH

TaMgl¥

Ca G tþ aE dl Gñ keB al

n i g G a Rk k ; k ñ ú g G a rm μ N _ e n aH

²

T i d æ i e Rk ayk ñ ú gG t I t

d U cT i d æ i rbs ; m © a s ;

n i gG na K tk¾ mi nman

k¾ G tþ a rbs ; e yI ge nH Bi t R )a kd y W n yU r

lT § i E dl Rbkan ; f a { e pH Fü Ú g CaeRKÓgb U C a } ssStT i d æ i

e T og m i n ma n ka rE R b Rb Ü l Ca F mμ t a n w g

e RB aH R bk an ; fa

taM g enACarbs; e TogCani c © y : a genaHÉg 1 .

k a re XI j ek I teL I geda ym i n m aneh t u p l .

kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H

b Tfa G t ß i e m G t þ a

1 mCÄimnikay mUlbNÑask³

KW

ssStT i d æ i

bTfa

kñ ú gG t I tb : u eN Ñ a H mi nman

Gtþnav

G tþ a n M

d U c r bs; G ñ km an

sB a ¢ a n a t i

e yI g rE mgd w gc,as ; Gtþ ae nH

e da yx ø Ü n e nH

G t þ akñ ú g xn § e da yR b RktI

sB aØ ax n§

KW

KW

m an Ti dæ i fa

e RB aHRbkan; f a

eh I y d w gc ,a s; xn §


- 535 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 536 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

d ¾ e ss ed aysB a Ø a xn§ .

n i ka yen a H

bTfa G t þ n av G n tþ a n M ma nT i d æ i y : agen H eRBaHRbkan ;

bTfa bTfa

bTfa Gntþ a v Gtþ a nM KW manTi d æ i y : a genH eRBaHRbkan; sB aØ ax n§ fa

C a Gn tþ a

.

Rbk an ; x n§

4

BYkenH

f aC a G tþ a

eh I y dw g c, as ; x n § T a M g e n a H e d ays B a Ø a xn§ . T i d æ i s U m, I T aM g Gs ;

k¾ C assStTi d æ i

b ¤ kñ ú gG a r mμ N _

.

bT fa

niec©a

KW

ss Se ta

KW

G vi b r i N amFem μ a

R b RB w t þ e T AGs; k al T a M g B Y g KW

.

m i n l Hbg ; P av³ed I m rbs ; x ø Ü n

m i n dl; s Pa B m an Rb ka r e p S g ² d U cst V b gá Ü y . bT

s sSti s m M

el akeBal

s s Sti e y a

ev ah arfa RBHc ½ n Þ RBH GaT i tü sm u RT E pn dI FM Pñ M

n i g ] e cä TT i d æ i e n aH

m i n m an

k a re k I t rlt ; . bTfa Fu e v a KW ta M gm a M C as ar ³ .

sB aØ ax n§ e n a HÉ g faC a G tþ a . R b k an ; x n § d ¾ ess 4 y: ag f a C a Gn t þ a eh I y d w gc ,a s; xn § T aM ge na H e da ysB aØ ax n§ .

²

e da y Bn ø W

.

es μ I e d ays PaB eT og eQμ aH f a ss Sti s m M . T i d æ i m any : ag en H e RB aH R b ka n; f a n w gt a M g enAd rabman

Ég . c M ENkbTman CaGaT× f a

v e Ta

e v e Te y üa

k ñ ú gbT TaM gen a H

rbs ; ka rRbka n; ma M kñ ú gssStT i d æ i e na H Ég eQ μ a H fa

v eT a

G ñ ke F V I v c I k m μ

e RB aH G tß f a eQ μ a Hf a

el akGFi b , ay f a

dwg

eB al

e v eT eyüa n i g esay

.

Ca G ak ar

el akGF i b , ay f a

e RB aH G tß f a

dw g GV I

?

dw g

.

dw gv i ) ak r bs ;

k m μ l ¥ ni gk m μ G a R kk ; kñ ú gG a rm μ N _ e n aH ² . bTfa

tRt

t R t KW kñ ú gey an i K t i z i ti

s PaB eT o gn w gen A R) a kd . E tkñ ú g x u T Þ k v t ß ú v i P g Á el akeB al dl ; T i d æ i

6

Gt þ a e s ayv i ) ak r bs ;

k m μ l ¥ ni gk m μ G a R kk ; G s; kald ¾ y U r kñ ú g G ar m μ N _ e n aH ² . G t þ aen a H m i n ek I tm i n man . Gtþ a e n aH mi ne kI t n w g m i n man . G t þ aC a rbs ; B i t R) a kd e TA C aFmμ ta

ni v as n i g

E b ø k ecjeTAy: a ge n H f a

.

b¤ f a

y W n yU r

eT og

m an k ar m i n E RbRbÜ l

T i d æ i r E m ge kI t e d ay e s ckþ I B i t

es ckþ I ta M gm a M d l ; P i kç ú e n aH edayRbkard U e cñ H .

eday


- 537 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H G t þ aen a HeQμ a Hf a G F i b , ay fa

n

m i ne kI t

esa

.

Caeta

ed ayeh tu en aH

n w gm i n ma n kñ ú gG n aK t

.

n a e ha s i

e RB aHm i n ek I tC aF m μ t a

m an e n A R K b; kal

m i n m an kñ ú gG t I t N ae kI te hI y

bT fa

- 538 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

G t þ aen a Hm an ehI y

.

.

KW

T i d æ i s M eyaCn _ 1

.

manHs M e ya Cn _ 1

Gtþ a

e R B a H Gtþ a

n i gG t þ a N an w g

e k I t G tþ aen a Hk ¾ n w gman elakeBalT u k dU ec ñ H . m ü : a gv i j eTot

bT fa

n

esa

Caeta

KW

G t þ aen a Hm i n ek I t m i n man eh I y s U m ,I k ñ ú g Gt I t e RB a Hek I t RK b ; k al

.

s U m ,I kñ ú g Gn a Ktmi ne kI t

nw gm i n man

.

Gn u s ½ y

T a M g L ay ma n Gt ß d U c) an eBal ehI y .

1

s M e yaCn _ 7 TaM ge nH É g 1 . kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H .

bT fa

G n u n ys eB a Ø a Cn M

s M e ya Cn _ T a M g enHTaM g Gs;

)andl ; eh Afa

s eB a Ø a Cn e RB aH C aki e lse RKÓgcg . bTfa s t þ h i m a e n h i e la ksn ñ i v ase ): ageL I g eRB aH man H 7 el akeBalT u keh I y kñ ú g x u T Þ k v t ß ú v i P g Á . B i tN as; k ñ ú gvi P gÁ ena H RB Hm anRBH P aK Rt as ; T u k f a

bTfa s t þ h i s eB a Ø a C e nh i Rt Ú v s M e y a Cn ³ 7 c g

manH Gt i m an H m a n a t i m an H » m an H

T u k elakeB alT u k ehI y kñ ú gst þ k n i ) a t . d U cEdl RBH m an

GFi m a n H

Gs μ i m a n H

micäamanH .

kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H b Tf a m a e n a karRb ka n; xø Ü n K W s Þ a b

RBHPaKRtas ; T u k f a m ñ alP i k ç ú T a M g L ay s M e yaC n _ 7 T a M g enH

Pvr a KsM e ya Cn _

Gvi C¢ a sM eyaCn _ 1 . mñ al Pi kç ú T a M g L ay

k a m ra Ks M e yaCn _ na e ha s i

v i c i ki cä a s M e ya Cn _ 1

.

s M e yaCn _

7

G E g¥ l bu KÁ l

dU cem þ c ?

Gn u n ys M e yaCn _ 1 bd i X s M e ya Cn _ 1

1 GgÁút>stßk

e da yG M N a cén bu KÁ l Gñ kRbes I r Cag

Caed I m


- 539 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 540 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

n i gR k GW tRkTm eqμ I g k e ®n Þ I g kñ ú gv tß ú m an C at i Caed I m . bTfa

Gtimaena

e mI l ga yel ak

KW

e nA k ñ ú gx n§

R kGW t Rk T m

m an rU b C ae dI m

bTfa

micäamaena

e k I t k ar R bk a n; xø Ü n f a G ñ ke nH k alm u n dU cn w g ey I g E teBle nH

e da ybT m an CaGaT × fa

e yI gRbesI r C a g G ñ ken He f ak Ta bC a ge yI g .

e k I t e d ay s PaB l amk .

Rb kan ; x ø Ü n fa

x ø Ü n fa T a bCa g e d ay Cati Caed I m

KW

Gn ; Ca ge K

KW

Rbkan ; x ø Ü n fa

Rb k an ;

ey I g

Ca

m nu s Se f ak T abe na H Ég .

4

Edlm i n m anGñ kd w geL I y

e k I t dl; bfu C¢ n Gñ km ans I l br i s u T § k M N t ; n amrU b

.

GFi m an He n H

m i n R bm aT kñ ú g k mμ dæ an

qø ges ckþ I s gS½ y e d ay kM N t; b c© ½ y

eL I gk an ; RB Hé Rtl kç N _

bTfa s m, ri v t þ t i Caehtu

bTfa G F i m a e n a R b ka n ; x ø Ü nx ø a M g K W m an Hfa e y I gd w g c , as; s c © F m ’

B i ca rN asg ç a r

man ma n H

e k I t eLI ged ay bT man C aG aT × fa G h M r U b M rU b C ae yI g ey I g

bTfa manat i m a e n a em I l gayed aykarTeRm I s x ø Ü n KW

» m ae n a

e l ak G Fi b,a y fa

KW rUb .

e da yn ½ y fa m i n mannrN ad U c eyI g e d ay Cati Caed I m .

bTfa

.

el I k

R ) a rB§ v i b sS na

/

m i n ek I tdl ; G ñ kdé T . bTfa G sμ i m a e n a Rbk a n; ey I g K W ma nH fa ey I gm an

Caed I m

manHxu s

) a b e kn

elakFmμ a v i l eh I y

KW

KW

m an He k I t eL I g

kmμaytna

k mμ ay tn ³

man G tß )aneBaleh I y

.

v i l vl ; e T Ae dayelakFm’

ed ayesckþ I r I kraykñ ú g el a kF m’ e d a y ka r mi nrI k r ay k ñ ú gel ak Fm ’

4 4

.

bT f a Ed l

ma n l aP

m an ka rv i n as

l aP C ae d I m . GF i b, ay f a l HP av ³ R b Rk tI . s U m , I m i c ä t þ a k ¾ ma nGt ß d U c eB alehI y

.

bT f a

n i y ü a e ta

sM y u gc u H

eh I y KW s Þ ú He TA GF i b, ay f a RK bs gá t; e h I y . bTfa

Gdæhi

b u r i s eTaesh i

eRBaHbu rseT as

8

k ñ ú gG dæ kn i ) at elakeB al RBmed ay]bma . k ñ ú gx u T Þ k vtß ú v i P g Á el akeB alev or] bma . smB i td U c el a keB alT u kf a


- 541 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

b u rse Tas 8 d U c em þ c ? Pi k ç ú T a M g Lay

k ñ ú gsas na en H

ecaT P i k ç ú e d ay

Ga btþ i / P i k ç ú en aH Rt Ú v P i k ç ú T aM gL aye caT edayGabtþ i r E m gE kx ø Ü n ed aykarmi nman

- 542 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

s U m ,I elakk¾ R t Ú v Gabtþ i R b k a ren H

elak

cU re F V I yb ; mu n . en HCabu rs eT as Rb k ar TI 3 . RbkarteTA P i kç ú .l. n i y ay

s ti f a ´ nw km i n ) an ´n w k mi n)an . en H

RtLb; b ®B a © a s ; n i y ay e r Og e pS g

Ca bu rs eT as Rb karT I 1 .

esckþ I e R ka F

Rb karteT A P i kç ú T a M g L a y e caT Pi k ç ú edayGabtþ i P i kç ú e na H

e Tas³

e FV I

n i gk arm i n eB j

ci tþ [ R) a kd . enHCab u rse Ta sT I 4 .

R t Ú v P i kç ú T a M g L ay

RbkarteTA Pi kç ú .l. ni ya y

e c aTe day G ab tþ i rE mg da k ; k M h u s e caTk_

el I kéd kñ ú g kNþ als gÇ . e nH C ab u rs

fa

mi nm an Rbey aC n _ G V I E dln w gn i y ay

eTasRbkarT I 5 .

Ca mY yel akEdll ¶ g ; m i n q ø a t / s U m, I

RbkarteTA Pi kç ú .l. mi neCOr

elakk¾ s mKY r Edlnw g ni y ayCamY y ´b¤ ?

sgÇ m i n e C O r e c aT k_ e dI re Kc e cjeT A .

enHCab u rse Tas Rbka rT I 2 .

enHCab u rse TasT I 6 .

Rb karteT A P i kç ú T a M g L a y e caT Pi k ç ú

RbkarteTA Pi k ç ú .l.

edayGabtþ i . Pi k ç ú e naH RtÚ v Pi k ç ú T aM g Lay

e yI gm i n ) an Rt Ú v Ga b tþ i

/

e c aTe day G ab tþ i k ¾ R )a b ; G abt þ i e c aT k_ f a

RtÚ v Gab t þ i eh I y e nA es¶ óm

Ki t fa

e yI g )a n e F V I [sgÇ


- 543 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 544 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

l M ) a k . enHCab u rse Tas Rbka rT I 7 . RbkarteTA P i kç ú .l. y : ag enH f a

B u e T § ae GI y

eBal

d w gka re caT

B Y kel a kn w g

mkRCÜ l Rc bl ; G V I c M eBaH´ .

.

bn þ ú Hb g ¥ a b ; f a

e B len H

b c© a e r a e b t i

bTfa

el I keT aseL I g

m an C aGaT × f a

enaHk¾ s w k ehI y eBaly: a genHfa eBl

KW

enHBY k elakcU r sb,ayci t þ c u H . enHCa

T u kf a

b u rse Ta sRb ka rT I 8 .

el akc U re cj ca kv u d æ a n K am i n I

eQμ aHfa

b Tfa

eT as

b u r i s e Tas a

KW

s U m ,I elakk¾ mi nd w g G V I

²

R ) a fñ an w gn i y ay .

´nw g R)ab; l asi k ç a lasw k ehI y . Pi k ç ú

kñ ú gbT TaM ge na H b u rs

E dll¶ g; m i n q ø a t / e l ak mi nd w g v tß ú / m i n d w gGab t þ i / m i n

eT as rbs ;

eRBaHRbT U s r: ays nþ an bu r s

.

sU m, I e l aken HÉg

R )a b; Gabtþ i

.

eB albT

eQ μ a Hfael I keT aseL I g

bT f a b d i k e r a h i

el ak cU r s Em þ geTs naKami nI KW

KW

eFV I y b; KW

elaksEm þ g

k a rsE m þ g G ab t þ i

e cj c akG a bt þ i

.

tGMBI

enaHelaktaM g enAkñ ú g esckþ I b ri s u T § i e hI y eTI b ecaTGñ k d¾ é T . bTfa

G e B aØ n B a Ø M

bdicrti

ni y ay R tLb ; RtLi n

KW

bTfa n s r a m i KW P i k ç ú en aHEkx ø Ü n ed a Hs ar e day mi nman

b i T ) aM ge ht u déT ed ayeh t u d é T

s ti f a

B aküdé T . ecaT k _ e B alfa el akRtÚ v G ab t þ i eh I y . P i k ç ú

´ caM mi n)an

m i n ) any kci t þ T u k dak; d l ; km μ E dl´ eF V I

eh I y e n aH e T .

e na HeB alf a

bTfa e c aT k M e yv b d i b ö r t i K W d a k; k M h u s e caTk_ . t a M gen Ae days PaBe Pø ceq ø I y tb . b T f a k i n ñ ú e x a t u y ð M K W elaksEmþ g fa

RbeyaCn_ G V I E dlnw g RtÚ v ni y ayCamY y elak

RbkarNa

n rN aR tÚ v Ga b tþ i

Rt Ú v G abt þ i y : agNa

e c aT k_ eBal fa

Gabt þ i GV I

b ¤ bi T)a M g Ba k ün i y aye da y

Rt Ú v Ga btþ i GV I .

RtÚ v G ab t þ i kñ ú g

elakeB al GV I

el akk ¾ e XI j eh I y

.

k al e b I P i kç ú en aH

eB al fa ey I gm i n )a nB ¤ eh I y e p Þ ó gRtecoks þ a b; eT A .


- 545 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

bTfa

Bh i T § a

kfM

Gbnaemt i

n i y aye R kA e r Og

- 546 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

KW

kalebI e caTk_ s Y r fa elakRtÚ v Gabtþ i R bkarenHb¤ . Pi k ç ú e Bal

e da yes ck þ I e KarB em I l ga y m i n c U l c i tþ .

f a ´ nw ge TA R kú g ) adlI b u t þ . k al e bI ecaTk _ ni ya ydE dl ² f a ´ m i n )ans Y rdl ; k a r eT A Rkú g)a dl I b u t þ rbs ; e l akeT . ´ s Y r Gabt þ i . P i kç ú e na HeB al fa bn Þ ab ; B I en aH´ nw ge TA RBH ra C -

bTfa GnaT i y i t V a esckþ I fa m i n R bk an ; e C O r

e G on xμ as ; .

bTfa v i e h es ti KW [l M ) a k r M x an . b Tf a G t i B aL M KW F ¶ n ; x ø aM g el I s x ñ at . h

bTfa myi Büavda KW dl; e sckþ I x V l ; x V a ykñ ú g eyI g .

m nÞ I r . k a l e bI ecaTk _ eB al fa elakm© as ; n w g e T ARB Hra C -

bTfa h I n a y av tþ i t V a KW v i l mked I m , I P aB C a bu KÁ l e fakTab

m nÞ I r

K W CaRKhs ß .

b ¤ e T ApÞ H RB a hμ N _ k ¾ e da y

eh I y

.

.

el akm © a s ; R tÚ v Gabt þ i

Pi kç ú e n a HeB alBa küm an C aGaT × f a

´n w g)a ns ac;

ekabM

KW

esckþ I e Rk a F

.

bT f a

e T as M

KW

k a r Rb TU s r: a y . bTT aM g B I ren H C a eQμ a H rbs ; e s ckþ I e R ka F e na H Ég . bTfa

ehaf

KW

B Y k e l ak cU s b,ayci t þ cu H

e l akc U r ) a n v tß ú E dl´ KY r ) a n

cu H . ´eFV I e sckþ I s u x [dl; B Y k elakehI y . bTfa Tu s Sti K W R b TU s r: a y . bTfa n v h i G a X a tv t ß Ú h i ed ayGaXatvt ß ú 9 e l ak

Gb,c©yM

KW

Gakarm i n eBj ci t þ

.

bTenHCa

eQ μ a H rbs ; e Ta msS . bTfa ) a t u k e r a t i KW sE mþ g Rb ka s . b T f a B a h a v i e k ç b kM

Gtþmna

P i k ç ú en aHeBale dayb M N gf a

R C Ú kk ñ ú g TI en aH K W n i y a ye RkA e rOgeT Av i j . bTfa

bTfa

PN ti

KW

RK vI éde TAmkeh I y n i y a yB aküm i n ma n

eB ale day G M N a cka rek I tk ñ ú g s tV Ta M gLay

.

sm dU c RB H

m an RB H PaK R t as; Tu kf a ³ m ñ alP i k ç ú T a M g L ay GaX atv tß ú v tß ú Caehtu G aXatKñ a

9

y: a gTa M ge nH

.


- 547 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

G a X a tv t ß ú 9 y : a gd U c e m þ c ? -Pi k ç ú c gGaXatfa

- 548 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

m i n C aT I e Bj ci tþ r bs ; e yI g 1 .

eK)anRbRBw t þ e sckþ I v i n asdl; e yI g

m ñ alP i kç ú T a M g Lay GaXatvt ß ú 9 y : agTa M gen H Ég . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH bTfa GaXatvtß Ú n i KW ehtu é nesckþ I

1 . - e K rE m g Rb RB w tþ esck þ I v i n asdl ; e y I g 1 . - e Kn w g R b RB w t þ e s ckþ I v i n asdl ; e y I g

1 .

-eK)anRbRBw t þ e sckþ I v i n as dl; G ñ k EdlCaTI R sLaj; C a TI eBjc i t þ rbs; ey I g 1 . -eKrEmgRbRBw t þ e sckþ I v i n as

GaXat . m ü : a ge T ot k ñ ú g bT f a G a X a t M e nH )andl ; esckþ I e R ka F

es ck þ I e Rk a Fe na H Ég

el ak ehA f a

e RB aH C avt ß ú é nes ck þ I e Rk a Fx ø aM geL I g dl; G ñ k EdlCaTI R sLaj;

GaXatvtß ú dl; G ñ k EdlCaTI R sLaj;

C a TI eBjc i t þ rbs; ey I g 1 . -eK)anRbRBw t þ R beyaCn_ dl; G ñ k Edlmi n CaTI R sLaj; m i n C aT I e Bj ci tþ r bs ; e yI g 1 . -eKrEmgRbRBw t þ R beyaCn_ dl; G ñ k Edlmi n CaTI R sLaj; m i n C aT I e Bj ci tþ r bs ; e yI g 1 . -eKnw g RbRBw t þ R beyaCn_ dl; G ñ k Edlmi n CaTI R sLaj;

²

.

G aXa tv tß ú

bTfa

GaXatM

B n § t i KW cg e FV I [ esckþ I e Rk a FekI t .

C a TI eBjc i t þ rbs; ey I g 1 . -eKnw g RbRBw t þ e sckþ I v i n as

.

9 sU m ,I d éTEdlelakeBalTu k kñ ú g ni e TÞ s

fa H e Km i n ) an Rb RB w tþ RbeyaCn _ d l ; e yI g

1

e K rE mgmi n

RbRBw t þ 1 eKnw g mi n RbRBw t þ 1 . eKmi n )anRbRBw t þ R beyaCn_ dl ; Gñ k CaT I RsLaj ; C aT I e Bjc i tþ r bs ; e y I g 1 e KrE mgmi n R b RB w t þ 1 . e Kn w gm i n R bRB w tþ 1 . e K mi n)a n Rb RB w t þ e s ckþ I v i n asdl ; G ñ km i n C aT I R sLaj ; m i n C aT I e Bj ci tþ r bs ; e yI g 1 eKrEmgmi n RbRBw t þ 1 eKnw g mi n RbRBw t þ 1 dU e cñ H elakse®gÁ a H


- 549 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 550 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

c U l G aX at vt ß ú 9 y: a g dU c Kñ a .

s U m ,I bBV Ci t k ¾ e FV I ma nHf a

bTfa G a X a t i e t a Rb TU s r: ay KW ebote b on K ñ a .

?

m an H

9

y: a g

KW

m an Hf a

e da ysI l

nig

F u t gÁ .

bTfa nv v i F m a e n h i eRBaHmanH 9 y: a g . m an H 9 y : ag dU ce mþ c

n rN ad U cey I g

Ca Gñ k RbesI r

bTfa m an H fa

e sy üs S

sT i e s ah ms μ I t i

Ca Gñ kR bes I r C a ge K

maenbi

Rb k a n ; f aes μ I eK

s U m ,I

k¾ r E m ge kI t

C a ge K Rbk a n; xø Ü n f a R b esI r CageK 1 e s μ I e K 1 e fak T a b

dl ; RBH r a Ca

C a ge K

R T g; eFV I m an H e n H fa GV I r bs ; e yI geF V I [ epSgKñ a n w g RB H ra Ca d é T

1

/

Ca Gñ k es μ I eK

Rbkan ; x ø Ü nfa

RbesI rCageK

1

n i g bB V C i tT a M g e n aH d U c K ñ a

e RB aH RB H ra C ar E mg

esμ I e K 1 efakTabCageK 1 / CaGñ k efakTabCageK Rbkan;

e da yEd n

x ø Ü n fa

G V I rbs ; e yI g e FV I [ epSgKñ an w g P i k ç ú d éTe days I l

R bes I r CageK

1

es μ I eK

1

e fakT abCageK

1

.

m an H 9 1 y : ag Ta M gen H .

R TB ü

b¤ B ahn ³

bTfa

es yüs S

yüs S es eyüahms μ I t i m a e n a ma nHfa CaGñ kRbes I r Cag

m an H fa

eK

k ¾ rE m ge kI tdl ; RBH r a Ca

Rb ka n ; f a

bB V Ci tT a M g L ay

Rbes I r C a g e K .

s U m ,I bBV Ci t k ¾ e FV I ma nHe nH f a ni gF u t gÁ C a

e dI m .

K b ,I RCabesckþ I k ñ ú g bT en Hd U c te T Ae n H . bT f a e s -

/

.

r E m ge kI tdl ; RBH r a Ca

nig

eRBaHRBHraCarEmgRTg ; e FV I m an He n H f a

n rN ad U cey I ged ay Ed n RTB ü b ¤ B ahn ³ .

e RB aHEdn

h I e n ahm s μ I t i

C a G ñ k R bes I r CageK

RTBü

Rbka n; fa

m a e n ab i

sUm,I

efakT abCageK

ni g bBV Ci t T aM gL aye na H

dUcKña

.

b¤ Bahn³Caed I m r bs; RBH r a Ca Na E d l mi n

T an ; s m, Ú r . RB H ra Ca e n a H rE mgR T g; e F V I m an He n H f a

Rtw mE t

es ckþ I s u x rbs ; B ak ün i y ay f a RB Hra Ca r bs ; e y I gb : u eN Ñ a H . 1 GPiFmμ viPgÁ

eyI g nw g CaRBHraCa)any: a gNa . sU m ,I b BV C i t manlaPská a r³


- 551 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 552 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

t i c rE mg eFV I m an He n Hf a R tw mE tn i y ay Kñ a b u : e N Ñ aH f a e yI g Ca

G ñ kd éTm i n Gacman C I v i t rs ; e nA ) an

F m μ k f i k Ca BhU s U t C a mh ae fr³ . e y I gC a Fm μ kf i k) a nd U c

épÞ . EteyI g CaGñ k RbesI r Cag eRBaHmkedayExSRsLay .

e mþ c CaBh U s U t Camh aef r³ )and U cem þ c . l aPsk á a r³ mi n

G V I rbs ; e yI g

m an d l; eyI g .

Tas³B i tTa M gB I r cM E Nk eRBaHmkedayExSRsLay b¤ e yI g

b T m an C aGa T × f a s T i s s S ese y üahms μ I t i m a e n a

ek I tC aT as³ eRB a Heh t u

e FV I [ epSgKñ aC a mY y Tas ³en aH

dl ; PaB C aT as³ RB aH épÞ

.

ed ay Pa BC a

E tzan³ CaTas³ rbs; ey I gk ñ ú g

m an H fa C aG ñ kes μ I e KRb k an ; f a Rb esI rCageK rEmgekI t dl ;

T I b M pu t m at a bi t am i n man . ey I gn w g CaTas³ )and U c e mþ c .

B Y k G am at üC a ed I m

s U m ,I Gñ k Rk lM ) ak

.

e RB aH G am a tü kþ I

´ ra C k ar k þ I

rE mg eF V I

m an H fa n rN aC a r aC bu rs déT dU cC a ey I ged a y e P aK ³ y an n i gBah n³C a ed I m . GV I rbs ; e yI g e FV I [ epSgKñ an w g G ñ k d éT . b ¤ fa

eQμ aH f a

Ga m at ü b: u e N Ñ aHrbs ; e yI g

.

s U m , I R t w mE t

ni g mn u s ScN Ð a l C aedI m

d U cT as³ d U e cñ a H . m ü : a ge T ot

k ñ ú g bTe nH

manHEdle k I t eLI g f a

B I r B Y kdé TB I e n H

CaGamatü)any : a gN a .

EdlekI t eLI g fa CaGñ k esμ I e K Rbkan; f a esμ I e K

m an H fa

hInsS

C a G ñ k efakT ab CageK

eseyüah ms μ I t i Rbkan ; fa

maena

C a Gñ k

RbesI r Ca ge K Rb k a n ; f a Rbes I rC a ge K Cam an HB i t R)a k d .

rbs ; s I u n i g eRK Óges ø ó kdN þ b ; rbs ; e yI g k¾ m i n m an . e y I g

b T m an C aGa T × f a

k ¾ e FV I m an He n a H

T ab C ag eK

Caman Hm i n B i t R) a kd

.

m ü : a ge T ot

manH

CaGñ k efak-

Rbkan ; fa e f a kT abC a ge K C am an HB i t R )a k d .

Rb esI rCa ge K

B I r B Y ken H

C a m an Hmi n B i tR)akd

.

rEmgekI t dl; B Y k Tas³CaedI m . eRBaHTas³ rEmgeFV I m anHenH

Grht þ m KÁ

Cama nHB i t R )a kd

fa nrNaCaTas³déTdU c CaeyI g edaycM E Nkmata b¤ b i t a .

es atbtþ i mKÁ C am an Hm i n B i t R) ak d .

.

karkm © at; ki else day k a rkm© a t; k i e lse day


- 553 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

bTfa

tNðamUlka

m a n tNð a C am U l

- 554 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

)a neB alT u k

eh I y . bTfa

s U m ,I ekI ted ay P aBC aG nn þ rb ,c© ½ y C ae dI m k ¾ e Q μ a H fa r E m g e nA dU c Kñ a

rC¢ t i

eRtkGreh I y

e R tk G re day r aK ³E tmü : ag b u : eNÑ aH

GFi b, ay f a .

EdlB i t

m i n E mn

.

d U e cñ a HeT I b eQμ a H

f a k i e lsvt ß ú

e RB a HCa T I e n A

rbs ; ki elsTa M g L ay . eQ μ a H fa

k a re Rt k G r

eRB aHCaeh tu ) a n

s U m ,I karEs V g r kC aed I m m an tN ð a C am U l .

e RB aH C aeht u RbT U s r: ay . b ¤ RbT U s r: ay eda yx ø Ü n Ég . b¤

e RB aH k i e lsv tß ú

k i e lsv t ß Ú h i

10

Rbkar

el aks nñ i v ases Ah μ g

k i elsvt ß ú

10

d U cem þ c

?

.

b ¤ rE mg ) a n

e da yx ø Ü nÉg

Tsh i

b¤ Rt w m Et)an b: u e N Ñ a H

.

Rbkb edayGku s lFm ’ T aM g Gs ; m an tN ð a C am U l e RB aHek I t

bTfa

.

e la P

e Qμ a Hf a

e T as ³

R t w mE tRbT U s r: ay b : u eN Ñ a H . e Qμ a Hf a e m a h eRB aHCaeh tu vegVg

.

b ¤ v eg V ged ay xø Ü n É g

b : u e N Ñ aH

m an H 1 Ti d æ i 1 vi c i k i c ä a 1 fI n³ 1 ]T § c © ³ 1 Gh i ri k ³ 1

Caed I m

Genatb ,³ 1 .

m i n xμ as ; . PaB C aG ñ k m i n x μ as; en aH . eQμ a Hf a G h i r i k k i e lsv tß ú

KW

eQ μ aH f a

manH

b¤ Rtw mE tes c kþ I v e g V g

k i elsvt ß ú 10 Ta M gen H KW elaP ³ 1 eT as³ 1 e m ah³ 1

K b ,I R Ca b kñ ú g bTTa M gena H dU c te T Aen H

.

.

e RB aH R bk an ;

m an G tß dU ceBa leh I y

.

e Q μ a H fa

E R kgen aH

stV E dlmi n EmnCaxI N aRsB eRBaHtaM g enAkñ ú g elaP³CaedI m .

m an l kç N ³ mi nx μ a s ; e d aykayT u c © ri t Caed I m

k i e lsv t ß ú

rbs ; s tV Ta M gLay

.

e RB aH k i e lsTa M g enaH

mü: a geTo t

Ca TI en A

e RB aHk i elsTaM g Lay

bT m an Ghirik

Tidæi e RB aH .

eQ μ a H fa G e n a t b , e RB aH m i n x ø acE Rk g . P aB C aG ñ km i n xø a c

ki e lsenaHÉg EdleQμ a Hfa vtß ú eRBaHki e lsCaTI e nArbs;

eQ μ a H fa

.

eQ μ a H fa

Genatb,

.

k ñ ú gB I r bT en aH .

m an l kç N ³ mi ne RtkGred aykayTu c© r i tC ae dI m

Gh i ri k³

Ge nat b ,³ .

k i l i s S t i rEmgesAh μ g KW d u t b M pø aj e b ot eb on .

bTfa


- 555 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 556 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

bTfa Tsh i G a X a tv t ß Ú h i elaksn ñ i v as R bT U s r : ay K ñ a e RB aH GaX atv tß ú 1 0

1

. GaXatv tß ú 9 eB alT u k

bTfa s mn ñ a K e t a KW m an k a rRBm e RB óg . bTfa

Tsh i

s eB a Ø a C e n h i

e la ksn ñ i v asRtÚ v

eh I y k ñ ú gxa g mu n ed ay G aX atvt ß ú 10 elakeBal bEn ß m f a

s M e yaCn _

G a X a t rE mg e kI t kñ ú gza n³ mi nsmK Y r

s M e yaCn _ 1 0 1 T a M gen H KW k amr a K³ 1 bd i X ³ 1 ma n H 1

rEmgek I tk ñ ú g zan³Edlm i n s mKY r

.

eRBaHPaBGaXat

m a nd gÁ t ;

n i g bn ø a Ca e d I m

m i n c at; cU l Ca mY ybT ma nCa GaT × fa G n t ß M e m G c r i e K ) a n

bTfa Tshi Gku s lkmμ b efhi elaksnñ i v asRbkb 10

Gk u s l km μ b f

s M e yaCn _

10

d U c e mþ c

?

m cä ri y³ 1 Gvi C¢ a 1 . micätþa

el aksn ñ i v asT aj cu H

eRBaHmi cö t þ ³

)aneBalTu k eh I y . bTfa T s v tß ú k a y m i c ä a T i d æ i y a el aksn ñ i v a s R b kb

G k u s l km μ bf 10 T a M g e n H KW ) aN a ti )a t 1 G Ti n ñ aT an

edaymi c ä a Ti d æ i manvtß ú 10 . mi c ä a Ti d æ i manvtß ú 10 dU c emþ c ?

1 kaems u m i cä a ca r 1 m u sav aT 1 b i su N av a c a 1 p ru s -

m i cä aT i d æ i m an v t ß ú

v ac a 1 sm ö b,l ab ³ 1 GPi C Äa 1 Bü a) aT 1 m i c ä aT i d æ i 1 .

k a r bY gs Y g m i n m an pl

eQμ a Hfa

d U cem þ c

.

?

kñ ú g bTenaHmanesckþ I d U e cñ H

10

c gT u k

T i d æ i 1 vi ci k i cä a 1 s I l B V t b ra ma s³ 1 Pvra K³ 1 \sS a 1

bTfa

R b RB w t þ e sckþ I v i nas dl ; e y I geh I y .

e da yG k u s l km μ b f

10

Gku s lkmμ b f

10

KW

T an Edl [ 1

kar

eh I y mi nman pl

b U Ca m i n man pl

1

1

vi)ak

E dlCaplrbs ; km μ E dle FV I l ¥ e F V I G a R kk ; mi nman 1 elaken H

e RB aH G ku s l km μ T aM gen a H C a pø Ú v é n Tu K Á t i .

m i n m an 1

el a kx agmu x m i n man 1

1 GPiFmμ viPgÁ

1 GPiFmμ viPgÁ

m a tami n m an 1

bi ta


- 557 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

m i n m an

1

R b RB w t þ l ¥

» b ) at i ks tV mi nman bd i btþ i l ¥

1

- 558 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

smNRB ah μ N _ G ñ k

eF V I [ c , as; elaken H

elakxagm u x

e da yG Pi B a Ø a eh I y dw g e d ay xø Ü n Ég mi nman k ñ ú gel a k 1 . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bT fa T s v tß ú k a

eQμ a Hf a v t ß ú

10

e RB aH m anv tß ú 10 . eQμ a Hfa

TanEdl[ehI y

rE mg ma npl / Gac[ GV I ² dl ; n rN a ² ) an . E tb u KÁ l vi ) akE dlCaplrbs ; T an

E dl[eh I y

KW

k a re F V I mgÁ l

e da yk a rb U C aTT Y l

/

d w gf a ka r eFV I e na H[ pl . Et bu K Á l mi cä a Ti d æ i Rb ka n; fa p l E dlCav i ) ak r bs ; k a rb U Ca en aH m i n ma n . k ñ ú gbT fa s u k d T u k á d an M en H )an dl; k u s l km μ 10

d w ges ckþ I E dl km μ T a M g e na Hm an pl

.

E tb u KÁ l C am i c ä aT i d æ i

Rbkan ; f a v i ) a kEdlC a plm i n ma n . bTfa n t ß i G y M e la e k a KW b u K Á l mi cä a Ti d æ i Rb ka n; f a Gñ k t aM ge nA kñ ú gel ak dé Tm i n man kñ ú gel a ke nH .

m i n m an . bTfa

hutM

eQμ a Hfa kmμ l ¥ / Gku s lkmμ b f 10 eQμ a Hfa kmμ G aRkk; .

bTfa ntß i Ti n ñ M KW dw g fa

m i cä aT i d æ i Rbk a n; f a

bTfa

ntßi

yidæM

KW

m h ay a e K a

1

k a rb Y gsY g FM

el akeh Afa y i d æ M / dw g f a ka r bY g sY ge n a HGa c[ pl ) a n . Etbu K Á l mi c ä a Ti d æ i Rbkan; f a vi ) akEdlCaplrbs; k arbY g sY g e na Hm i n m an .

bTfa n t ß i

bera

elaeka

Rbkan ; fa

G ñ k ta M ge nA kñ ú g

el aken Hm i n ma nkñ ú g elakdéT . bTfa

ntßi

mata

n tß i

bita

KW

d w gf a mat a bi t am an

K u N E t bu K Á l mi cä a Ti d æ i Rbkan ; f a v i ) a kN a ² Edl Ca pl e da yb c© ½ y Edle F V I d l ; m a ta b i t aTa M gen a H m i n m an .

1 mhayaeKa 5 KW GsSemeFa burisemeFa nireKÁa smμa)aesa vaCebeyüa .

bTfa n t ß i s t þ a » b )a t i k a KW Rb kan ; f a s tV ¬ » b) a t i k ³ ¦ cu ti n i ge kI tm i n m an .


- 559 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

- 560 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

bTfa s m μ K Á t a s m μ a b d i b n ñ a K W Rbkan ; f a smNR B a hμ N _ Gñ k t a M g e n Akñ ú g F m’ bd i b tþ i

b di bTaE dlsmKY r

min

m an k ñ ú gela k .

b ev eT n þ i

KW

sB V B a Ø Ú G a cd w gel ak en H

R b ka n; f a

RB HB u T § Ca m© as ;

E dl Ca

n i gel ak xa gm u x e da yRBH j aN

d ¾ Rb esI re da y RBH G gÁ É g ehI y RT g ; R bkas m i n m an . bTfa

KW

[s ß i ten Ay U r

eQ μ a H fa

bTfa ey \mBa© elakM brBa© elakM syM GPi B aØ a y scäiktVa

G d æ s t M . eQ μ a H fa b b e B a© a e RB a H [yW t yU r kñ ú g s gSa rv d þ

G n þ K Á a h i k ay

e da yG nþ Ka hi kT i d æ i

KW

Tidæiya

el aks nñ i v as

T i d æ i Rbk a n; ykTI bM p u t

.

eQμ a Hf a

el ake FV I [ C aBh u v cn³ G a r mμ N _ b bB a © s t M

.

é nbT f a

yk

GnþKah

.

y kT I b M pu t

eQμ a Hfa .

GnþKahik

eQμ a Hf a

e RB a HT i d æ i m an ka r Rb k an ;

e da yk a rRb k an ; y kT I b M pu te na H

.

GnþKa-

h i k Ti dæ i e naH el ak eBalT u keh I y . bTfa G d æ s t tN ð a bb B a © s e th i el aksn ñ i v asRtÚ v y W ty U r e RB aH tN ð a Ca e RK Ó ge F V I [ yW ty U r 1 0 8 . eQμ a Hf a

t Nð ae RK Óg [y W ty U r m Y y r y

e RB aH tN ð a m ane RcI ned ayRbePTé n

e day ehtu e naH

²

e T I b eQμ a Hf a

tNða-

eb I KY rnw g e B al f a

tNða-

edaykareX ø óg Xø at rbs ; v c n ³

t N ð a b bB a© s e t n

el akeT og

karkan ; y kT I b M pu t

e TI b

e TI bela keF V I

n i e TÞ s C aBh u v cn³fa t N ð a b bB a © s e th i . K b, I e X I j Gtß

y U rm Y y ry

mü : a gvi jeTot

.

n i ged ay k are kI te rOy

G n þ K a h i k e RB aH R bk an ; y k cM ENkbM p u tm Y y ² ma n C a Ga T × f a .

t Nð ae n a H Ég C ae R K Óg[ yW ty U r

t N ð a b beB a © a

b bB a © s etn Rb k b

.

1 00

KW

GdæstM

b : u eNÑ a H

ed aytN ð a C a eRK Óge FV I [ yW t

10 8

e R B a He F V I

. 8

K b, I RC ab fa

elakkan ;

CaGeB V a h a r i k ³

KW

man

d U cm i n ma n . b Tf a t N ð a v i c r i t a n i m kk ñ ú g x u T Þ k v t ß ú v i P g Á . d U cRB H ma n R B H P aK R t as ; T u k f a H tNðavicrit xagkñúg 18 xageRkA 18 rYm CatNð a vi c ri t 36 . GtI t 36 GnaKt 36 b c © ú b, nñ 3 6 rY m C atN ð a v i c ri t 1 0 8 .


- 561 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

m ü : a ge T ot

k ñ ú gx u T Þ kv tß ú v i P g Á e n H

CaeRKÓge FV I [ yW ty U rf a

tN ð a v i c r i t

e lakeB al .

- 562 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

tN ð a

G F i b , ay fa

kar

R b RB w t þ e TA én tN ð a e RB aH RbRB w tþ e nA k ñ ú g tNð a .

62

rM u B ½ T §

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas; T i d æ i

P as i tk ñ ú g RBh μ C alsU R t m an RB H PaK R t as; Tu k

bTfa GCÄt þ i k s S ] )a T a y K W s M e d Adl ; x n§ bBa © k

d U c em þ c

62 ?

Tu k kñ ú g evyüakrN Tidæi

k ñ ú g evyüakrNPasi t

621

E dl RB H

k ñ ú gRBh μ C al

s U R tmand U e cñ H KW ssS tv aT va T³ fa e T og 4 / Ékc © s -

.

s S tv aT v a T ³ f ae T o g 4 / G nþ an nþ i kvaT vaT³ famanTI b M p u t

cM E Nkesckþ I B i s þ a rrbs; b TenH Kb,I R Cabedayn½ y dU c eBal

n i gm i n ma nT I b M pu t 4 / Gm r av i e kç b i kva T v aT ³bd i e s Fe day

eh I y k ñ ú gn i e TÞ s énx u T Þ k vtß ú v i P gÁ en aH . E tk ñ ú gn i e T Þ s enHKb,I

G s; eCI g 4 / G F i c © s m u b,n ñ i k va T v aT ³ f aR b k an ; e C Om i n ) an

RCabn ½ y y : ag déT . tNð a 3 K W k am tN ð a 1 Pvt Nð a 1

2 / s B aØ I v aT va Tm ansB a Ø a 16 / GsB a Ø I v aT va T³f a mi n

v i P v tN ð a 1 m an rU b Ca G a rm μ N _ E tmü: a g . m ü : a ge T ot t Nð a

m an s B aØ a 8 / envsB aØ I n as B aØ I v aT v aT ³fa m ansB aØ ak¾ mi n

1 8 k ñ ú g G ar m μ N _ 6 mans M e L gCaed I m Ca Ga r m μ N _ . t Nð a

Emn mi n mansBaØ a k¾ m i n Emn 8 / ]ecä T vaT vaT³fa sU n ü 7 /

m an G a rm μ N _ x ag kñ ú g 18 x a geRkA 18 r Y m C atNð a 3 6 .

T i d æ Fm μ n i B V anv aT va T³f a ni B V anm an kñ ú gb c © ú b,n ñ 5 . cM ENk

t Nð aT a M g enaH ma nGarmμ N _ k ñ ú g Gt I t 3 6 Ga r m μ N _ k ñ ú gG n a-

esckþ I B i s þ a rkñ ú g ni e TÞ s enH

K t 3 6 G ar mμ N _ k ñ ú g bc © ú b ,n ñ 36 rY m Ca tN ð a vi c ri t 108 .

RBh μ C als U R te n a H Ég .

x a gk ñ ú g

.

bTfa

bTe n HC a qd æ I v i P tþ i c u H kñ ú gG t ß é n Tu t i y avi Pt þ i

bbBa©ieta

KW

R t Ú vy W t y U r

s ß i t e n AyU rk ñ ú g

bTfa G h B a© m ð i

G a r mμ N _ b¤ kñ ú g s gS a rvd þ . bTfa T V a s d æ i y a

T i d æ i K e th i el aks nñ i v as R t Ú v T i d æ i

1 GPiFmμ viPgÁ

Kb,I R Cabn½ y dU c eBalehI y kñ ú g

tieNÑa

ey I g C a G ñ k q ø g )aneh I y .


- 564 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 563 - Gdækfa mhakruNajaNnieTÞs

KW eyI g CaGñ k qø g »X³ 4 b¤ s mu R T KW sgSarvdþ ) anehI y

Gdæ k fa sBV B aØ ú t BaØ a Nni e TÞ s

.

bTfa m u e tþ a e yI g Ca Gñ k r Y c p u t eh I y K W r Y cp u t c a ke RK Óg c g m an r a K³ Cae dI m . bT f a T e n þ a

ey I g TU nμ an)anehI y

Elge r I b RmH ehI y

G s; k ar R bk a n; CaGñks¶b;ehIy

KW

.

bTfa

manesckþ I R t C ak ;

.

s en þ a

bTfa

KW

e yI g

GsSetßa

e yI g Ca Gñ k F U rRsal K W ) an PaBrY c pu te day eX I j n i B V a n . bTfa KW

briniBVúeta

ey I gC a Gñ k rl t; ed ayCM u v i j eh I y

rlt ; CM u v i j edaykarrl t ; k i e ls

.

bTfa

behami

KW

e yI g Ca Gñ k Ga c . bT fa e x a C a ni ) at c u H k ñ ú g Gt ß é nÉ kM s ³ K W c M E Nkm Y y .

RBHsarI b u t þ etß rsY rfa

RBHsB V B a Ø tBa Ø aN rbs ; RBH -

t f a Kt e tI d U cem þ c ? eh I y sEm þ g G n a v rNB aØ a N j aN dU c sBV B aØ ú t BaØ a NenaHÉg eRBaHman

mi n manGV I C aeRKÓgraraM g

K t i e s μ I K ñ an w g G n av rN j aNe n a H . Bi t Nas; GnavrNBaØ a Nmi n manesckþ I e pSgBI F mμ t a . e RB aHj aNe nH

C aj aNd U c K ñ a b : u eN Ñ a H

elakeT I b e B al C a

2 y: a g dU c Rbe PT énGakars T§ i ®n Þ i y n i g sT § aBl³ Ca ed I m . RBHsB V B aØ ú t Ba Ø aNen aH É g el ak eB alf a

b e r c s ½ B Þ k ñ ú g bTe nHfa b e r c b r i n i B V a e b tM u ed I m ,I [ G ñ k déTrl t; ed ayCM u v i j pg

Kb , I R b kbs U m , I e d ay bT ma n

C a G aT × f a b e r c t ae r t M u ed I m ,I [ G ñ k déTqø g p u t e T Apg .

m i n m ane R KÓg r a r aM g n w ge FV I ka r ra r aM g ) an

3

²

b ¤ b u KÁ l m i n G ac

e RB aH Fm’ T a M g B Y gCa b ; T ak ; T ged ay k a r

n w kK i t . b : u E n þ bu KÁ l déTs U m ,I nw k K i tk ¾ d w gm i n ) an . c M ENk GacarüB Y k x ø H

¬ cb; GdækfamhakruNajaNnieTÞs ¦

eRBaHmi nman Fm ’ GV I

G n a v rN e RB a H

eBalfa

eQ μ a Hf a

sB V B a Ø ú t B a Ø a N

e RB a H

R b RB w t þ e TAk ñ ú gG a rm μ N _ T aM gB Y g d U c menav i B aØ aN . sB V B a Ø ú tBa Ø aNen aH É g Ca Gna vrNBa Ø aN e RB a Hmi n ma nGV I ra raM g k ñ ú g


- 565 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

G a r mμ N _ T a M g L a y

d U c vCi rav u F rbs ; RB H\ ®n Þ

.

- 566 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

RBH sBV -

B aØ ú tBa Ø aN b di esFPaBCasB V B a Ø Ú ta mlM dab ; . Gn avr N bd i e sFPaBCasB V B aØ Ú E tmü: a g

B aØ aN C a m© as ;

E dlbN Ð i t eB al fa

RBHsB V B aØ ú t Ba Ø aN b NÐ i teB al fa

.

RBHmanRB HPaK

RBHsB V B aØ Ú

e RB aH k ar ) an

m i nE mnkar)ansB V Ba Ø Ú t aml M d ab ;

RB HsB V B a Ø Ú

.

bB a © k ³ C as gç t³ Gsg ç t³

e RB aH G aRs ½ y bc © ½ y tak; Etg

.

n i B V a nC a

eRBa H mi nman bc © ½ y tak; Etgy : age na H

.

rEm gd w g

s gç t³ mi nman c M E Nksl ; Tu k ç

CaGntþ a CaedI m

eQμ a Hfa

Gsg ç t³

sB V B a Ø ú t B aØ aN

Gsg ç tF m’ T a M g B Y gm i n mansl ; C a bT ka n; y ke s c kþ I m i n m a n

tic .

bTfa

Gnvess M

²

C a bT kan ;

e day GM N a c

rEmgcU l CamY y cM E Nk .

Bi tN as ;

RB H-

rE mgd w gbB aØ tþ i s U m ,I Ta M gBY g e d ay R bka r mi n

bTfa Gnvess M C abT k an ; y k m i n m an ka rG a Rs ½ y . bTfa j aNn u + H

GakarTa M gB Y g .

ttß

es ckþ I fa

G a v rNM

ntßi

mi n ma n e R K Ógra r a M g k ñ ú g

e R K Óg r a ra M gR BHsB V B aØ ú t Ba Ø aNm i n man

C a bTs E m þ g Rbe PT 2 y : ag .

e RB aH m i n man eRKÓgraraM g k ñ ú g s g ç t ³ ni g Gsg ç t³ Edlm i n ma n

e RB aHs g ç t ³ C aR be PTm Y y . Gs gç t³ C aRb eP Tm Y y . x n§ -

c M ENksl ; e n aH . e RB aH dU ecñ aH RB HsB V B aØ ú tBa Ø aNe na H Ég

bTfa

s gç t m s gç t M

sU m ,I e RcI n RbePT

ni g Gsgç t ³

m ü : a ge T ot b T f a sB V M CabTka n ; y kF m’ Ta M g Gs; .

m i n m an cM ENksl;

y ke s c kþ I m i n m an cM ENksl; én Fm ’ mY y

eRBaHmi n mansgç t ³

e RB aH b c© ½ y m i n ) an ta M gE tg

e ss M Canati RBH man RB HP a KCa m © a s ; RT g ; d w gsg ç tFm ’ n i g

sl ; rbs ; F m ’ T aM gB Y g ed ayCat i .

rEmgdw g Gsgç t ³mi n mancM E Nksl;

GnvessM

d¾ e ss . bBaØ t þ i

bTfa sB V M k ñ ú gbTenHfa s B V M s g ç t ms gç t M G n v -

Ca

e da yG a kar m ans u B aØ t n i m i t þ n i gG b ,Ni hi t n i m i t þ Ca ed I m .

eRB a H ka r ) an Gn av rNB aØ aN

m i n Em nk a r) a ns BV B a Ø Ú m þ gm á al .

.

ed ay Gak a rm an k arm i n e Tog


- 567 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 568 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

e TI beQ μ a Hf a G n a v rNB aØ a N .

m an n½ yenH .

\LÚ v enH RBHHsarI b u t þ e tß r edI m ,I n w g sEmþ g edayRbePT

bTmanCaGaT× f a rU b sS elaksEmþ g edayRbePTénxn§ .

é nG a rmμ N _ e R cI ny : a g e TI beB alb Tm an C aed I m f a G t I t M Fm ’

bTfa c k ç ú s S . e b . C r a m r Ns S Kb, I Rb k bed ay n ½ y r bs; ebyüal Edl eBal Tu k eh I y kñ ú gx a ge Rkay .

c M ENkGtI t . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge naHbTfa G t I t M GnaKt M b c © ú b ,n ñ M elak

j aN d U c )aneB aleh I y kñ ú gx ag e Rk ay ena H É g .

s M E d ge day Rbe PTé nkal . b T m an C aed I m f a c k ç ú e B a © v r U ) a c el aksM E dg ed ay RbePTénGarmμ N _ ni gv tß ú . bTfa

ÉvM

tM

sBVM

d w gF m ’ T a M g Gs; en aHy : ag en H n i g rU bT a M g

e na H . kñ ú gb Td ¾ e ssk ¾ y: a ge n H . yavta

rhU t T aM g Gs;

C a bT kan ; y ke d a y

Gnic©dMæ

s Pa BEdl KY r d w gc,as ;

.

k ñ ú gbT

b T m an C aGa T × f a

xn§anM

xn§dMæ

d w gsP av³ Edl C ax ø Ü n

Égénxn§ K b ,I RCabedayn½ yd U c eB alehI y k ñ ú gx a ge Rka y

b T m an C aGa T × f a

kusel

Fe m μ

ku s l Fm ’ T a M g L ay

K W C aR be PT ed ay GM N ac é n k u s l t þ i k BY k 3 énku s l . Gni c © d M æ KW mansPaBmi n eTog elak

sE mþ ge day R be PTé ns amB aØ l k ç N ³ . bTfa

GPiBaØdæM

e na H Ég .

m i n m an cM ENksl; . bTmanCaedI m fa

bTfa

e na H k¾ ma nn ½ y e n H .

C a bT ka n; y ke d a ymi nman c M E Nksl; rbs ; c k ç ú

bTfa

kñ ú g bTmanCaGaT× f a GPi B aØ a y edayGPi B aØ a )andl;

K W m an k arm i n e Tog . k ñ ú g bT en aH k ¾

b T m an C aGa T × f a

k am a v c e r

Femμ

kama vcrFm ’ C a

RbePTedayGM N a cén Fm ’ Rb RB w t þ eT Ak ñ ú g P U m i 4 . s U m ,I kñ ú g )az³ CaBhu v cn³ f a

s eB V

C an a t i

rE mg d w g Fm ’ T a M g Lay


- 569 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

T a M g B Y gC a) a z³l ¥ .

- 570 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

b : u E n þ e RB aH F ø ak; e TA k ñ ú g R kEs énÉ kv cn ³

k ñ ú gK m< I r el akeT I b sresredayÉkvcn³ . b T m an C aGa T × f a

TukçsS

T a M g eTvta s m a rk sS

Ca R be PT én Ga rm μ N _ B u T § -

B aØ aN 14 y : ag .

eRBaHQan 4 é nG a rmμ N _

m i neB alRB HsB V B a Ø ú t B a Ø a N

RBmT a M g RBh μ

e T v ta

k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H Kb ,I R Ca b e da yB a küf a 6

Ég .

RBh μ k ay i k aCaed I m kaln w gsEm þ g P U m i é n RBHsB V B a Ø ú t -

sRBhμksS

.

eQμ a H fa

s eT v m n u -

edayBakü

ka rk an ; y k ka mvc reTB 5

RB mT a M g e T v e l a k

RBHsB V B aØ ú t Ba Ø aN rE mg C avi s ½ y énRBHsB V B a Ø ú t B a Ø a Ne na H

RBHsarI b u t þ et ß r

eQ μ a H fa

eQ μ a H fa

bTfa b C a e nH C aBak üeB ale da yb r i y ay r bs; s t V

EdlelakeBalCasBV B aØ ú t BaØ a NedayRbePT mü: ag eT ot

RBm Ta M gm a r

s S ay .

e l a k e RB aH C a Gñ ke k I t eh I y .

.

.

ni gmn u s S

eq ø I y f a

k ¾ m i n KY reB aldl ; j aNen a H

.

s e Tv ks S

RBmTaM g smNRBahμ N _ eQμ a Hfa ssSmNRBahμ N i y a .

b e ra b ri ytþ Ba Ø aN Rbs i n e bI s Y rfa e RB aH eh tu G V I elakeT I b 4

.

B Y k s t V R Bm Ta M g

bTmanCaGaT× f a \®nÞ i y berabri y etþ jaNM \®nÞ i y -

eB alQan

eQ μ aH f a

.

RBmTa M gm a rel ak e d ayB akü fa

k an; y k k am av c reT B TI .

k an ; y kB Y k RBh μ m an

RBm Ta M gRBhμ e l ak

k a n; yksm NRB ah μ N _ E dl C as Rt Ú v rbs; sas na

.

e hI y

B aØ aN ed ay n½ yd U c eB al ehI y k ñ ú gkal kal ams U RtC a ed I m

k a n; yksm NRB ah μ N _ G ñ ks¶ b ; G ñ k bn S a t; ) a beh I y e d a y

e TI beB alb Tm an CaGa T × f a

B ak ü f a

yavta

s e T v ks S

e l a ks S

é nel ak RBm Ta M geTv el ak rh U tTa M g Gs; . kñ ú g bTTaM g enaH Kb,I R Cabesckþ I d U c teTAenH elakRBm

RBm T aM gsm NRB ah μ N _

.

k a n; ykstV elak

e da yB a küf a b C a . kan; yksmμ ti eTB n i gmn u s Sd ¾ e ss e da yB a küf a RB mT aM g eTvta n i g mn u s S .


- 571 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 572 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

kñ ú g ni e TÞ s enH Kb,I R Cabfa elakkan; y k»kaselak e da y 3 b T . stV elak ed ayG M N acBY ks tV e da y 2 bT

.

Kb , I R Cabn½ y déTte TA

/

kan ; y k Gr U )avc r ela k

e da y s eT v k s ½ B Þ . kan ; y kqkamavcreTvelak eday s m a rk

s½BÞ

RBh μ k

s½ B Þ .

.

k a n; ykr U ) a vc r RBh μ e l ak k an; y kmn u s Sel a k

ed ay

s-

b ¤ s tV elakd¾ ess

RBmedaybr i s ½ T 4 b ¤ s mμ t i e TB e day ss SmNRB ah μ N s ½ B Þ Caed I m .

rbs ; B Y k CnTa M gLa y

Edl nw gK b ,I

RBh μ m an Ga n u P aB e R cI n

rEm gpS ayB nø W kñ ú gm Y y B an ; cRkvaL

e da y 1 G g Á ú l I . r E mgpS ayBn ø W k ñ ú g mW u n cRkv aLeday 2 GgÁúlI

.l.

10

smabt þ i y : a g k M B U l

GgÁ ú l I .

dw g manGarmμ N _ E dl)aneXI j énstV e lakTaM g Gs;

[seRmc

n w grEm ges ays u x kñ ú gQa n -

rE m gd w g G a rm μ N _ E dl ) ane XI j Ca

e dI m rbs; R Bh μ e n aHb ¤ e TI beB al fa s R Bh μ k s S RBm Ta M g RBh μ e l ak . bu : E nþ R BHsarI b u t þ e tß r

m ü : a ge T ot k ñ ú gn i e TÞ s e nH el akja ú M g karekI t K W kar

manesckþ I s gS ½ y f a

C n T aM g L ay T a M g e n aH b¤

kalnw g km© a t; e sckþ I s gS½ y rbs;

E dln w gKb, I m an bB a ð af a eT I b e B al fa

smNRBa hμ N _

ss SmNRBah μ N i y a

bCay

e da yk M N t ; y: a g] Rk i d æ edayBaküfa seTvk . b : u E nþ RB H

BY k stV R BmedaysmNRBahμ N _ RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r lu H Rbkas

s arI bu tþ e tß r k a l nw gk m © a t; e s ckþ I s gS ½ y rbs ; CnT a M g L ay

k a re k I t

E dlm an bB að a fa

] R ki dæ y: agenHehI y eT I b R bk ask a re k I t K W k a rdw gGarm μ N _

creTB

m ar

m a n G an u P aB e R c I n

C aGñ km an G M N ac

.

C a FM k ñ ú g q ka m av -

r E mg dw g Gar m μ N _ E dle XI j

KW

k ar dw gG a r mμ N _ E dle XI j ehI y Ca e d I m

E dleX I j eh I y C aed I m r bs; s t V d ¾ e ss

y : ag

ed ayk M N t ; y : ag

eh I y C aed I m r bs; m ar e n a H b ¤ e TI beB al fa s m a rk sS RBm

] R ki dæ G a Rs ½ y sm μ ti e TB ni gmn u s Sd¾ ess . en HCalM dab ;

TaM g marelak . RBHsarI b u t þ e tß r kalnw g km© a t; e sckþ I s gS½ y

G n u s n § i kñ ú gn i e TÞ s en H .


- 573 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 574 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

c M ENkRB Hb u raNacarü eBal fa bTfa s eT v k sS K W el akd ¾ e ss RBmed ayeTvel ak

.

bTfa

s m a rk s S

KW

el akd ¾ e ss RBmed aymarelak . bTfa s R Bh μ k s S K W el akd ¾ e ss RBmed ayRBh μ e lak .

k a n; ykeday Gakar

2

3 eTot

bT

3 sU m, I

e da yGa k a r

3

eh I y

RBHs arI b u t þ et ß e TI beBa lf a

ss SmNRB ah μ N i y a b C a y s e T v mn u s S ay énB Y k s t V RBmTa M gsm NRB ah μ N _ e Tv ta n i gmn u s S . Edlelakkan ; y ké R tF atu e n aH É g

e d a y G a kar e n a H

²

e d a y bT

5

bT

e da yR b kar d U e cñ H .

eRB a Hdl ; e h I y e TI b

k a n; yk) an . bTfa

viBaØatM

G a rmμ N_ Edl )an dw geh I y

)an dl ;

bTfa

b tþ M

G a rm μ N _ Edl ) and w g eh I y

)andl ;

G a r mμ N _ E dld w geh I y e RB aH EsV g r k kþ I mi nEs V gr k kþ I . bTfa

b r i e ys i t M

G a r mμ N _ E dlEs V gr keh I y

) an

dl ; Ga r mμ N _ E dl EsV g r keh I y )a nk þ I m i n )ank þ I . bTfa e da yc i tþ

.

GnuvicritM

mnsa

KW G a r mμ N _ E dlEs V gr k

RBHs a rI b u t þ e tß rsEm þ gb Ten H

e da ybTe nH f a

r U ) a rm μ N _ N am an C aG a T× f a

nIlM

bIlM

e x ov

el Og

mkkan; K nø g kñ ú g ckç ú T V a rrbs; e lak RBmTaM g eTvelakenH kñ ú g

y tn ³ . sutM

G a rm μ N _ E dl ) ans þ ab ; e h I y

)andl ;

el akFatu Edl rkRbmaNm i n ) an RBHtfa Kt

sT Þ ay tn³ . bTfa

epadæ ayt n³

sB V M Ca n ati d w g G ar mμ N_ Ta M gBY g .

bTfa T i d æ M G a rm μ N _ E dl eX I j eh I y )andl ; rU ) a-

bTfa

rsaytn³

F m μ a r mμ N_ mans u x Tu kç C ae dI m .

e dI m, I b En ß m s tV Ta M gLay Edle k I t k ñ ú g PB T a M g Gs ; y : a g e n Hc U l k ñ ú g

K n § a ytn³

mutM

G a rm μ N _ E dl ) an RCabeh I y

)andl ;

R B HsBV B aØ ú tBa Ø aNrbs ;

rEmgdw g rU ) a r mμ N _ T a M g BY ge na H fa

r U ) a rm μ N _ e Qμ a He n H

kñ ú gxN³ en H

st V e nH eX I j

ehI y C aG ñ km an c i t þ l ¥


- 575 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 576 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

c i t þ G a Rk k ; b ¤ Ca kN þ al e kI t ehI y dU ec ñ H . sT Þ arm μ N _ m an C aGaT × f a s M e L gsÁ r

sM eLgse ma Ö r

K n § a r mμ N _ m an C aGaT × f a sMbk

e P ri s eT Þ a

mk k an ; Kn ø g X an TV a r

m U l r es a

xn§resa

m u T i g Á s eT Þ a

m k ka n; Kn ø g k ñ ú g esatT V ar

m U l K en § a

rsb ¤ s

/

tcKen § a

k ø i nb ¤ s

/

s tV en Hd w g F m μ a r mμ N_ eQμ a He n H

m kka n; K n ø g k ñ ú g

kñ ú gxN³ enH

m ü : a ge T ot

mh a Cnen Hs U m ,I EsV g r ke hI ym i n ) an ca k;

F ø ú Hk¾ m an s U m ,I EsV gr k eh I y cak; Fø ú H k¾ ma n . sU m, I m i nEs V g rkeh I y

m i n c ak; Fø ú Hk ¾ ma n

s U m , I m i n Es V gr k

C i v ð aT V a r / e p ad æ a r mμ N _ m an 3 R b eP T KW b zv I F a tu e te C a -

k ¾ ma n

Fatu

sB V B a Ø ú t B aØ aN dl; RBH t f aK t .

v ae y a Fa tu

m an C aGaT × f a

k k ç Lð M

m k ka n; Kn ø g k ñ ú g kayTV a r rbs ; e lak kñ ú g elakFatu r kRbmaNmi n )an

.

muTukM

rw g

Tn ;

RBmT a M g eTvelaken H RBHsBV B aØ ú t BaØ a Nrbs;

R B H tfa Kt k¾ rEmgd w g G a rm μ N _ T a M g Gs ; e naHfa st V e n HB al; R t Ú v epad æ B V a r m μ N _ eQμ a H e n H

k ñ ú gxN ³en Heh I y

ka r rI k r a y

m ü : a ge T ot F mμ a rm μ N _ N amanRbePTCasu x n i g C aT u kç Caed I m el aken H

mk k an ; Kn ø g k ñ ú gme na TV arrbs ; e l ak

eQμ a Hf a

RBmTa M g eTv-

kñ ú gel ak Fa t u rkRbm aN mi n)an . RB HsB V B aØ ú t-

k a r mi ncak; F ø ú HT aM g Gs;

RBHsarI b u t þ etß r

e hI yca k ; F ø ú H m i n m ane da y

eBa lK a fa man C aGaT × fa

n

t sS

e dI m, I [ P aB Ca RB HsB V B a Ø ú t B a Ø a N s eRmc ed ay b ri y aydéT e T ot . k ñ ú gbT TaM ge na H bTFm ’ N a

k a rT as ; c i t þ b¤ C akN þ a l dU ec ñ Hd U cK ñ a .

ehI y man k a r

r I k r ay karT as; ci t þ b ¤ Ca kN þ al d U e cñ H .

kiøn

rs a rm μ N _ m an C aGa T × f a rsed I m

rEmgd w g Fm μ a rm μ N _ T a M g Gs ; e n aHfa

B aØ aN rbs ; R B H tf aK t

²

b Tfa

n

t sS

GTÞidæmiFtßi

E d l RB Ht f aK te n a HR T g; mi ne XI j

m an k ñ ú gela k en H

es ck þ I f a

bTFm’ N a

²

kiBa©i

eh I y mi n

s U m, I Rtw mE t

bnþ i c bnþ Ü c EdlRBHtfaKtenaH RTg; m i n )aneXI j ehI y eday bB a Ø a c kç ú mi n ma nkñ ú g e l ak

Edl CaéRtFatu

b ¤ k ñ ú g bc © ú b ,n ñ -


- 577 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

- 578 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

k al e n H .

d w gF m’ Ta M gB Y g G t ß i enHCabTGaxüat RbRBw t þ e T Akñ ú gb c © ú b, nñ -

bTfa k al

.

e da ybT enH

k ñ ú gbT en H

e l a ke Rb I

F

Gk S

ed I m ,I g ayRs Ü l k ñ ú gk a r

RbB ½ n § Ka fa . bTfa

Gefa

kñ ú gbTe nHfa

Gefa

G v i B a Ø a tM

Ca ni ) at

R ) a b; esck þ I e pS g ² . bTfa

KWFm’Na

m i n dw ge hI y k ñ ú g Gt I tk al Gtßi

G

GkS

kñ ú g b Ten H

K b ,I RCabesckþ I k ñ ú g bT en Hf a s B V M G P i B a Ø a s i y T t ß i e ny ü M

RBHtfa KtRT g ; R Cabd ¾ é Rk El gn U v Fm’

TaMgBYg

d U c t e T Ae n H

R T g; dw g

RT g ; c a k; Fø ú HF m ’ T aM gB Y g C a eRK Ógn aM e TA

k ñ ú gk alT a M g

3

.

C a e RK Ó gn a M e T A

RB Htf a K tR T g; RCa bd ¾ é R kEl g

b ¤ p u tcakkal

KW

KW

k a rd w g

edayRBHsBV B a Ø ú tBa Ø aN

d ¾ é R kEl g .

G v i B a Ø a tM

k ñ ú gk a rk an ; y k

.

R t w mE tCa ki r i yav i e ssnrbs; Cann KW ka r dw g .

RB HsarI b u t þ e t ß r s M E dg esc kþ I E dl

RTg ; d w gF m ’ T aM gB Y g k ú ñ gb c© ú b,nñ kal mü : ag eT ot

R B H tfa Kt

EdlC a Gn a Kt ka l

.

s½BÞ

²

EdlRBHtfaKtRT g ;

cu H ) az ³ f a

n a eh as i

Ca GB üys ½ B Þ

e TA

.

sU m, I cu H)az³

k a r ka n; y k

3

k al

ni g pu tc a k kal

e da y

Gtßi

s ½ B Þ k ñ ú gbT en H . Kb , I R Cabfa G t ß i Ca GBü ys½ B Þ . bTfa

t fa K e t a

e tn

s mn þ c k ç ú

e TA k ¾ e Rb I )an . e day bTe nH R B Hs a r I b u t þ et ß rsE mþ g e s ckþ I

R B H t fa K t

E dlRB H tf a K tR Tg ; d w g Fm ’ T a M g B Y g EdlCaGtI tk al .

s mn þ c k ç ú eRBaHmanjaNck ç ú R b RB w t þ e TA ehI y e d ay Cu M v i j K W

bTfa

GCanitBVM

F m ’ E dl m i n K Y r dw g

KW

F m’ Edl

e TI bC aRBHs mn þ ck ç ú

ed ayeht u e naH

es ck þ I fa

eQμ a Hf a

e da yR b kar T aM gB Y g

e RB aH m i n man eRKÓgb i T )a M ged ay

mi n KY r dw g EdlCaGnaKtkalnw g mi n man b¤ m i n man . eday

n i ged ay»kas

e da yeh tu

bTenH

R B H t fa K te TI bC a RB Hsm nþ c kç ú

RBH s a rI b u tþ et ß rsE m þ g

es c kþ I E d l RB H t faK t RT g;

.

kal

tamE dleB aleh I y e n a H .

elakGFi b ,a yf a

Ca


- 579 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

RBHsB V B aØ Ú

.

ed ay bu K Á l aF i d æ an

- 580 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

e Tsn aén Ka f ae nH

b M N gn w g s Em þ gRBHsB V B aØ ú tBa Ø aN

e da yvi s ½ y énRBHB u T § B aØ aN

e TI beB albT m an C aGaT × fa

s mn þ c k ç Ú t i e k n ed æ n s mn þ c k ç ú bTfa s mn þ c k ç ú esckþ I f a eQ μ a H fa

s mn þ c k ç ú

k ñ ú gbT en aHf a fa

smnþckçú

eQμ aHfa

sB V B a Ø ú t B aØ aN

.

RBHsB V B aØ ú t Ba Ø aN

.

BuT§BaØaN .

.

esckþ I é n K a f a

kñ ú gbT Edlel akeB al ?

R B Hs a rI b u t þ et ß r yvta

e RBa HGt ß fa

B i t N as;

Tu k ç s S

m ans P aB

smnþ c kç ú

KW

RBH

sm dU cE dl RBH m an RB HP a KR t as ; T u k f a eh Af a

G t ß é nRB HsB V B a Ø ú t B aØ aN en aH c k ç ú e n aHÉg

?

e da ybT m an C aGaT × fa

G t ; RT aM )anl M ) a kén Tu k ç sB V B a Ø ú t B aØ aN

s mn þ c k ç ú

eRB aHGt ß f ad U cem þ c

eB al Gt ß é n bTe na H Tukçedæa

e RB aH G tß f ad U cem þ c

eQ μ aHf a

T u e kç

j aN M

jaNk ñ ú g Tu kç

k¾ r EmgRbRBw t þ e TAcM e BaHRBHmanRBHPaK edayGakarTaM g BY g /

e TI bse Rmc C a RBHsB V B a Ø ú t B a Ø a N . RBHsarI b u t þ et ß r

s U m ,I bT man CaGaT × fa

sm nþ c kç ú

.

kaleB aldl ;

C a k areBaldl ; Gtß é ns mn þ -

jaNrbs ; RBHB u T § Ca m© as ; e n aHÉg

eQμ a Hf a

R b RB w t þ e TAdl ; s av k Rtw mE tÉ keTs b: u e NÑ aH bTfa

s av ks a F a rN a n i

.

T U e T Adl ; RBHs avk

m ü : a g eT o t elakeBal

s M e d Adl ; k armansU m , I e d ayÉkeTs K W c M ENkxø H . bTfa

seB V a

j a e ta

KW

RBHm an RB H PaK R Tg ; RCa b

T a M g Gs ; e da y RBHj aN . RB Hs ar I bu tþ e tß r e FV I [c ,as ; e d ay b di esFGt ß Edlel akeB alfa G B a Ø e t a T u k ç e d æ a n t ß i s PaB énTu k ç EdlRBHmanRBHPaKCam© a s; R Tg; m i n )anRCab mi n man . bTfa

se B V a

Tiedæa

R T g; eX I j Ta M g Gs ; e h I y

m i n Em nR t w m EtRTg ; d w g m ü: a gb : u eN Ñ a H

.

KW

E d l Bi tRTg; eFV I d U c

d w ged ay ckç ú e T ot p g . bTfa

se B V a

v i T i e ta

RT g ; d w g c,as ; T a M g Gs ;

m i n Em nR Tg; eX I j Rt w mEt m ü: a gb : u eN Ñ a H

.

KW

EdlBi tR T g; eF V I

[ R ) ak deTo t p g . bTfa s eB V a s c ä i k eta RTg ; e FV I [ C ak ; c, as ; T aM g Gs;


- 581 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

eh I y

KW

m i n Em nR t w m EtRTg ; d w g c,as ; b: u e N Ñ a H

.

- 582 - Gdækfa sBVBaØúutþBaØaNnieTÞs

EdlB i t

R T g; eF V I [ Rb ckS e day kar) an RB HjaN k ñ ú g j aN e n a H e T o t

bTfa

KW

bTfa

RT g; mi n)ane FV I [ c, as ; E tm ü: ag b : u eN Ñ a H

.

esckþ I

Bi t

R T g; B al ; Rt Ú v edayGM Na cRT g ; R b RB w tþ ed ayRbéBe r Oy ² . m ü : a ge T ot

bTfa

j ae t a

KW

R T g; dw gdl ;

lkçN³

rbs ; s Pav³ . bTfa T i e d æ a RT g ; e X I j dl ; s am½ Ba Ø l kç N ³ . bT fa v i T i e t a RTg ; dw g c, as; d l ; rs . b Tf a sc ä i k e t a RTg ; eF V I [ C a k ; c ,as ; d l ; Ga k ar R) a kd . bT f a p s S i e ta RTg ; B al ; R t Ú v dl ; e h t u C i t . m ü : a gv i j eTot bT fa j ae t a RTg ; dw g eday karekI t eL I génj aN . bTfa T i e d æ a RT g; eX I j e daykarek I teL I g é nc kç ú . bTfa bB a Ø a .

viTieta

RT g; d w gc,as ; e da yk a rekI teL I gé n

RT g ; e F V I [C a k; c, as ;

ed aykarek I t

eL I génv i C¢ a .

pg . bTfa s eB V a p s S i e ta RT g; B al ; R t Ú v eh I y Ta M gGs ;

s cä i k e t a

psS i e t a

RTg ; B al; RtÚ v

e da yk a rekI teL I gén

Bn ø W . Kb,I R Cabesckþ I B i s þ a r edayn½ y manCaGaT× f a sPaB E dlRTa M )anl M )a ké nT u kç E dlGt ; F n; )anl M )a k

.

RT g ; e X I j Ta M g Gs;

R T g; m i n )a ne XI j mi n ma n

/

s P aB

n i ge da y

n ½ y ma n C aG a T× f a E d l Rt a c; EsV g rke dayci tþ énel akRB m T a M g eTvelak .l. RTg; RCabTa M g Gs; ehI y Edlmi n R Ca b m i n m an

.

el akeBalKafaeT ot

eB alT u kRK a dM bU g

ed ays ru b Ka f a

kalsru bK af a en aH ehI y

k ¾ Ca ka rs ru b

j aNp g . cb; GdækfasBVBaØútBaØaNnieTÞs Gdækfa jaNkfa GdækfabdismÖiTamKÁ eQμaHfasT§mμbkasinI

3

E dl


583

584

RbCMukgFm’ kñúgKm<IrGdækfabdismÖiTamK: eQμa¼Fm’ kam niBVanFatu sc©jaN man sMvdþkb, man BuT§extþ namRBHeBaFistV ])aTan bdibTa GarmμN_ ¬ Qan ¦ sgÁhvtßú GriyvgS cRk FmμbT nam Gb,nasmaFiBYk GñkcUlnieraF eFVIkic© sm,CBaس mKÁBaØaNeFVIkic© Gsegçyü

eQμa¼Fm’

BYk

TMB&r

2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

189 266 435 385 385 398 522 198 199 200 200 201 203 220 234 256 264 291 384

esaFatuvisuT§iBaØaNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGar> TiBVckçúBaØaNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN_ BnøW vimutþi yfakmμÚbKBaØaNrBrBwtþeTAkñúgGar> BYktNða Tidæi \T§iviFBaØaNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ kUnsr sMeyaCn³ manH PgÁanubsSnajaNmanGanisgS ecetabriyBaØaNRbRBwtþeTAkñúg bueBVnivasnanustiBaØaNRbRBwtþeTA burseTas GaXatvtßú GaXatvtßú ¬n½ymü:ageTot¦ GsuP³ kiels micäaTidæi kamavcr bc©yakar

BYk

TMB&r

4 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 11 12

426 426 441 271 426 531 532 426 500 537 538 96 426 426 540 546 548 204 441 556 190 33


586

585

eQμa¼Fm’ »LarikrUb hVwkhat;citþedayGakar rUbRBhμ Gehtukcitþ smaFi Tidæi tNða

BYk 12 14 16 18 25 62 108

3

TMB&r 50 320 14 178 22 562 560

namsb,úrs bUCaFmμTan 3 ])asika BU h‘ag >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask Ca sIu)an >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask hm saer:n RbFanGaRsmTYletñatCMu >> ])asika m:m suxehg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika fab; elOm >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask fn vasna RbFankmμviFIklüaNmitþ >>>> ])ask esam rtn³ nigPriya RBmTaMgbutþ >>>>>>> elak hm su‘neTog nigPriya RBmTaMgbutþ >>>>>>> ])asika b‘ut sum:alI nigbuRtI>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika fab; Lwg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika ys; sm,tþi >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask Kuy suFn; ])asika xat; kan nigbuRt > ])asika Em:n fab; >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika b‘ut esdadYg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika yin ywm >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Kg; san; >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Kuy esgNa >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> kBaØa hÁic ehok >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask taMg pl PriyanigbuRt >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakyay QYm >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika KYc savun >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika run esaP½N >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika yin yWn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

80 $ U.S.A 50 $ U.S.A 50 $ U.S.A 30 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A

300>000 ¹ 100>000 ¹ 50>000 ¹ 10 duløa 5 duløa 5 duløa 30>000 ¹ 20>000 ¹ 15>000 ¹ 15>000 ¹ 10>000 ¹ 10>000 ¹ 10>000 ¹ 10>000 ¹ 10>000 ¹ 6>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹


587

])asika KI eBj >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika PYg lINa >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakyay yun >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakyay v:an >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakyay s‘Mu ehg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Pikçú sU Qin >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika xun >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika éL >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika st; >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika esam y:an >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakyay yUn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakyay TMu >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

588

5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 5>000 ¹ 3>000 ¹ 2>000 ¹

Pikçúcitþrkçietþa sM sm,tþi nigBuT§bris½TenARbeTsGU®sþalI elak rs; Farun kUnRsI eCs min >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])asika s san >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])asika taMg BUCI ])asika esok lI >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])ask but eLAKwmgYn / ])asika dYg lI >>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])ask DI muy ])asika Et can;Nar:a ehA Dwg>> 100 $ AUS ])asika eTon suIh‘un >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])ask Ta éGtic ])asika eLAésgm >>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])ask Pin hac ])asika eBRC esOm >>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])asika KimsIun ])asika sM fanI >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])asika suwm Kwmehg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 0 $ AUS ])asika s‘U XIm s‘U esogtic >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS

])ask faM h‘U >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])ask y:g sin ])asika nn; ehg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])asika esg esogQun nigbutþ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])asika v:an; y:aNUrI nigbutþ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])asika)a:g sum >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS 50 $ AUS ])ask s‘un san ])asika sm,tþi Kg; >>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])asika suwm Kwmehg nigkUnecA >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS yug Kimsan yug m:alI >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])asika cMerIn r:ak;Cit >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika pn dar:a elakRsI RKI RbesIr elakRsI lI FwméC nigkUnRsI > >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS 50 $ AUS ])ask Kg; h‘l ])asika Kg; Ca >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elak Rsún‘ ehg elak twk can;dar:a elakRsI rUfa esg 40 $ AUS 40 $ AUS ])asika epak vNÑa >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 40 $ AUS ])ask ehok em:ghYr ])asika epøak m:ug >>>> ])ask NaMg laghug ])asika GgÁCMu suvNÑaer:t 30 $ AUS 30 $ AUS ])ask sux yU ])asika sux NarI >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS ])asika lIv TUc >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS elakyay jwb >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS ecOk pn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS Et yk;h‘un >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS ])asika CYn er:n >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS ])ask tU saevuIn ])ask man suvtßi >>>>>>>>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS ])ask rs; saer:n ])asika Kg; saerOn >>>>>>>> 30 $ AUS ])ask Lúg hYn nigRKÜsar >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>


589

])asika v:an; y:aNUer:t nigbutþ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask FmμsarI esk Qun >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask BuF e)a:gNg ])asika h‘un sIuveGog nigkUnecA ])asika lwm y:aNUr:an; nigbutþ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask nYn sueqg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask hYt v:a Ehm eXOn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask sMéheLg ])asika s‘ut pløIn >>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika nYn Kug >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika daV ecg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asikay:a y:um nigsVamI >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika sat; Lay >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika em:g sMbUr >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika esA sueXOn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika swug KimRBÚ / TUc sIufa nigbutþ >>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika kaMg CU >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika ehO siT§ / Kit yuaM >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika CIv eGg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika muy hYrm:a >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika maX sUpan >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika lwm yUXag nigRKÜsar >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask sux CYn ])asika mas eyOn >>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Lay lag >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika eGo PicéN >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask RAKHA LEAS >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> )a:n; y:a / vilam Pit / vW CaeLg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

590

30 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS

Kuy f >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> esA lIm >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Gwb KwmLay >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask TUt Pag ])asika ecA cnßa >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ecA sari >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

10 $ AUS 10 $ AUS 10 $ AUS 5 $ AUS 5 $ AUS

20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 20 $ AUS 10 $ AUS 10 $ AUS

BuT§bris½TGU®sþalI tamry³ RBHGKÁTinñena Pikçú enA bUr:a 100 $ AUS elak Cug eLg nigGñkRsI >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 100 $ AUS ])ask esg lI ])asika can; pløa >>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])ask nU sur:avuF nigPriya >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])ask rin eRkt nigPriya >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 50 $ AUS ])ask lwm huglI ])asika etg KI >>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask g:Uv QIv ])asika ehg BasuIm nigbutþ 4 nak; 50 $ AUS 50 $ AUS ])ask TYt esOb ])asika sl; Ekv>>>>>>>>>>>> 20 $ AUS ])ask swm taCYn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 20 $ AUS ])ask CYn y:ar:n ])asika Guin pløI >>>>>>>>>>>>> 20 $ AUS ])ask Pun j:an >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 20 $ AUS elak SO KON nigGñkRsI HUn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 20 $ AUS ])ask h‘g m:un >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elak RRUN SRANN nigGñkRsI RANY KAO 20 $ AUS 10 $ AUS elak PHEAP KAO >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 10 $ AUS elak SOU SOPHON >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 10 $ AUS elak THEAR ROS >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 10 $ AUS ])ask b:un edt ])asika m:ac nigbutþ >>>>>>>> 10 $ AUS elak SOKEN nigGñkRsI SEYLA >>>>>>>>>>>>


592

591

])ask ép mnÞIekA >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask eBA v:an;TIn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elak Chouy Sannykao >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask s‘un Kimeqg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elak KIM YEE >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask qay QYylim ehA mit qim >>>>>>>>>> BuT§bris½TvtþéRtrtnaram shrdæGaemrik tamry³ RBHPikçú Fmμetßera esA XUn RBHPikçúFmμb,eBaØa v:an evOn RBHPikçú Fmμetßera esA XYn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> RBHPikçú kitþikFemμa b‘U saMy:un >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika TYn esOy >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika QYn ép >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika R)ak; eyOt >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Guk éN >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask GUn mitþ ])asika nak; Rbim >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika cab Lan >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask san suT§ ])asika ys; savI >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakGacarü kg kak; ])asika Twm sarI >>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika sr Kwm >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask lwm esghY‘ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Ekv suINat >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask KaM samut >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> v:a suIm:n >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

10 $ AUS 10 $ AUS 10 $ AUS 10 $ AUS 5 $ AUS 5 $ AUS

300 $ U.S.A 50 $ U.S.A 50 $ U.S.A 30 $ U.S.A 30 $ U.S.A 30 $ U.S.A 25 $ U.S.A 25 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A

eGm EGm nig EG‘l G‘un >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask Xun exn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])ask em:A sarI ])asika Ék epn nigbutþ >>>>>> ])asika G‘Mu esOn ])asika Esm G‘Mu >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> pU lag nig sux exn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> nag Lay suvNÑ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Xut nIkg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Twm suCati >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika CYb )a:k; >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Cas; sÞIn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> G‘s sÞIn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> sarun m:n >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> emOg em:A >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> man Nat >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Kim lagCa >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> vI y:at >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika cin QYn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Kg;éf b‘unerOg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Lwk ert >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> RBhμ savin >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> RBhμ r:avuF >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> r:avit GUn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> DIkULÚ CIr:Uxay >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Gan Nag >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> sys am:un nigbutþ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 20 $ U.S.A 15 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A


593

cinþa eGOr nig ck; NahYt >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Esg Qwm nig hYt can;nYn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> hYt can;Nat nig eQOg suPaB >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> v:n éL >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Twm suInYn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> QI Cim >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> eLg da >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> DI Najwb >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> jwb hug >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> nI sajwb >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika jwb Tag >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika Gwm lwm >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika xat; sMeGOn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> em:A cMebIg >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> em:A v:at >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> em:A kMst; >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> em:A kMsanþ >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> em:A suxa >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> em:A Kwmsug >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> elakyay PYg esOn >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Esm muIjwb >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> ])asika emOg júil >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Kwm s‘a >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

3

10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 10 $ U.S.A 5 $ U.S.A 5 $ U.S.A 5 $ U.S.A 5 $ U.S.A

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