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†gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv


Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd

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My Alphabets and Contemporary Bangla Typography This dissertation is made as a part of curriculam of MFA 2nd part at Faculty of Fine Art, University of Dhaka

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Supervised by: Maksudur Rahman

GLv‡b e¨eüZ me Dcv`vb cvIqv hv‡e

Written and Illustrated by: Muhammad Nazimuddaula

http://www.amarbornomala.org/

GB I‡qemvB‡U

© nazimuddaula 2010


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PviæKjv Abyl`, XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi MÖvwdK wWRvBb wefv‡Mi 2005-2006 mv‡ji Gg.Gd.G 2q c‡e©i cvVµ‡gi Ask wn‡m‡e iwPZ Awfm›`f© ÔAvgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwdÕ-i `ywU Kwc mswkøó cixÿv KwgwUi wbKU Dc¯’vcb Kijvg|

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Muhammad Nazimuddaula

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RyjvB 16, 2010 ‡gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv


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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 17

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UvB‡cvMÖvwd wkÿv -

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 18

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 19

cÖm½Z GLv‡b D‡jøL¨ †h evsjv eY©gvjvi eZ©gvb cÖPwjZ iƒcwU Pvjy nq 1780 mv‡ji w`‡K| KjKvZvq wewUªk cv`ªx Pvj©m DBjwKb&m-Gi ZË¡veav‡b cÂvbb Kg©Kv‡ii nv‡Z cÖ_g †fŠZ AvKv‡i evsjv eY©gvjvi wWRvBb Kiv nq| cieZ©x‡Z GB avivq ûMjxi LykgZ gybkx I

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Aÿ‡ii AvK…wZ I MwZ †¯ú‡mi web¨vm ‡iLvi ¯^Ztù‚Z©Zv me Aÿ‡ii gv‡S GKZv cybive„wË i‡Oi MvpZ¡ m‡e©vcwi cwi”QbœZv

KZ¸‡jv Kvi‡Y GK`g ïiæ †_‡KB Avgv‡`i A‡b‡KB UvB‡cvMÖvwd‡K LvwbKUv AcQ›` Ki‡Zv| †h‡nZz Avgv‡`i cvVµ‡gi Ask wn‡m‡e 2q †_‡K 4_© e‡l©i cÖwZwU †mk‡b UvB‡cvMÖvwd Aek¨ cvV¨ welq wn‡m‡e AšÍf©y³, †m‡nZz AcQ›` Ki‡jI GUv‡K ev` †`qvi †Kv‡bv Dcvq wQ‡jv bv|

evsjv eY©gvjvi aªæc`x iƒc wn‡m‡e Avgiv Avgv‡`i cv‡Vi ïiæ †_‡KB Av`k©wjwc wn‡m‡e GB iƒcwU Abymib K‡iwQ| h_vh_fv‡e AbyKiY Ki‡Z cvivUvB wQ‡jv Avgv‡`i m‡e‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© KvR| 2q e‡l©i PzovšÍ cixÿvq Kiv e¨Äbe‡Y©i c~Y©v½ †mU| Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 20

3q e‡l©i cvVµ‡g _v‡K wbR¯^ d›U wWRvBb Kiv| G e¨vcv‡i mevi AvMÖnUv c~e©eZ©x Abywjwc Kv‡Ri PvB‡Z A‡bK †ewk _v‡K| GUv LyeB AvZ¥wek¦v‡mi mv‡_ `vwe Kiv hvq †h Avgv‡`i wkÿv_©x‡`i wb‡R‡`i evbv‡bv d›U wkí I KvwiMwi ¸‡Y A‡bK gvbm¤úbœ _v‡K| GgbwK hviv Av‡Mi †mk‡b UvB‡cvMÖvwdi e¨vcv‡i AbvMÖnx _v‡K ZvivI wb‡Ri Kiv d‡›Ui Kvi‡Y GB welq‡K cQ›` Kiv ïiæ K‡i| PviæKjvq GB ce©wU `xN©| 3q el© †_‡K ïiæ K‡i gv÷vm© 1g ce© ch©šÍ GLv‡b wb‡Ri ˆZix d‡›U KvR Ki‡Z nq| wbR¯^ d‡›Ui †ÿ‡Î mevi AvMÖn I cvi`wk©Zvi KZ¸‡jv KviY D‡jøL Kiv hvq:

- wbR¯^ `ÿZvi w`KUv Rvbv _v‡K - `~e©jZvI Rvbv _v‡K - Kw¤úDUvi e¨envi Kivi my‡hvM A‡bK¸‡b †e‡o hvq - wb‡Ri d›U‡K myweavg‡Zv fv½v hvq, mxgve×Zv AwZµ‡gi my‡hvM ev‡o Avwg Rvwb bv c„w_exi Ab¨vb¨ †`‡k UvB‡cvMÖvwd wKfv‡e cov‡bv nq| Z‡e Avwg Avgvi e¨w³MZ AwfÁZvq g‡b Kwi Avgv‡`i c×wZ‡Z A‡bK KgwZ Av‡Q, cÖPÛ iK‡gi mxgve×Zv Av‡Q| Avi †m Kvi‡YB GZUv mgq PviæKjvq UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q cov‡jLv Ki‡jI G‡Kev‡iB Lye nv‡Z †Mvbv K‡qKRb Qvov †KDB G‡K †ckv wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡i bv| wKš‘ Avgiv GKBfv‡e hw` G¨vWfviUvBwRs, Bjv‡÷ªkb - Gme welq †`wL, Zvn‡j †`L‡ev PviæKjvq Gme e¨vcv‡i wek` covïbv bv n‡jI †ckv wn‡m‡e G¸‡jv‡K MÖnb Kivi nvi A‡bK †ewk| fve‡Z †M‡j Avgvi Avm‡j Avd‡mvmB nq Avgv‡`i K¬vkiæg cwi®‹v‡ii mgq Ae‡njvq c‡o _vKv hZ d›U wWRvBb †kl ch©šÍ †d‡j †`qv nq Zv nqZ wVKgZ cwiPh©v Ki‡j evsjv fvlvi Rb¨ G‡KKUv m¤ú‡` cwiYZ n‡Z cviZ| cÖwkÿY I PP©v Av‡MB ejv n‡q‡Q GKUv mgq wQ‡jv hLb UvB‡cvMÖvwdi me KvR nv‡ZB Kiv n‡Zv| QvcvLvbvq e¨envi Dc‡hvMx d›U evbv‡bvi †h †KŠkj wQ‡jv Zv Avgiv m¤¢eZ wkwLwb| evwYwR¨Kfv‡e UvB‡cvMÖvwdi e¨envi I PP©v ïiæ n‡q‡Q Lye †ewkw`b nqwb| ejv hvq Kw¤úDUvi wfwËK cÖKvkbv I G¨vWfviUvBwRs-Gi my‡hvM m„wói ci UvB‡cvMÖvwdi e¨vcKZv eû¸‡b †e‡o †M‡Q| Avgviv UvB‡cvMÖvwdi †h c×wZ wkwL Zv Kw¤úDUvi wfwËK d›U wbg©v‡bi Rb¨ †ewk Dc‡hvMx| Avgv‡`i wkÿvi me‡P‡q fv‡jv w`K n‡”Q Avgiv evsjv Aÿ‡ii MVb I


iƒc m¤^‡Ü G‡Kev‡i nv‡Z Kj‡g wkÿv cvB hv cieZ©x‡Z †h‡Kv‡bv bZzb m„wó‡Z e¨vcKfv‡e mn‡hvwMZv K‡i| Avgiv Lye mn‡RB ‡h‡Kv‡bv Aÿ‡ii iƒc Kíbv Ki‡Z cvwi| iweÕ‡Z g‡bvbqb cvIqvi †ÿ‡Î GB †hvM¨ZvB Avgv‡K me‡P‡q †ewk DØy× K‡i‡Q, Gi cieZ©x Av‡jvPbvq ‡m cÖm½wU Avb‡ev|

‡h‡Kv‡bv wKQz PP©vi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRb AvMÖn a‡i ivLvi g‡Zv wKQz Dcv`vb Avi KvR‡K mnR K‡i Ggb wKQz miÄvg| MÖvd †ccvi I wewfbœ iK‡gi †ccv‡i evbv‡bv Avgvi we‡kl †¯‹P eyK|

UvB‡cvMÖvwd wkÿvi ci Gi weKv‡ki mv‡_ me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© m¤úK© n‡jv wbqwgZ PP©vi| ev¯Íe †ÿ‡Î KvR Ki‡Z wM‡q †`‡LwQ UvB‡cvMÖvwdi Kv‡R cÖvwZôvwbK wkÿvcÖv߇`i PvB‡Z ¯^wkwÿZ ev cÖwkwÿZiv A‡bK †ewk wb‡ew`Z cÖvY| evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwdi weKv‡k Zv‡`i kÖg I †gavi cÖ‡qvM n‡”Q me‡P‡q †ewk| wKš‘ Avgiv hviv `xN© mgq PviæKjvq wkÿv MÖnY KiwQ Zviv hZw`b cvVµ‡gi cÖ‡qvR‡b KvR Ki‡Z nq ZZw`bB Gimv‡_ KvR KiwQ| Avgvi g‡Z KZ¸‡jv we‡kl Kvi‡Y Gi PP©v memgq Ae¨vnZ ivLv DwPZ: - MªvwdK wWRvB‡b me¸‡jv gva¨‡gi ‡K‡›`ª Ae¯’vb K‡i UvB‡cvMÖvwd - hviv UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q KvR K‡ib Zviv †jv‡Mv wWRvB‡b Ab¨iKg AvZ¥wek¦vm iv‡Lb - †h‡Kv‡bv Kv‡R GKUv evK¨ hw` m¤ú~Y© bZzb GKwU d›U ÷vB‡j †jLv m¤¢e nq Z‡e cy‡iv KvRUvB Ggwb‡ZB bZzb wKQz n‡q hvq Avwg Rvwb GB KviY¸‡jv nqZ †Kv‡bv KviY-B bv A‡b‡Ki R‡b¨| wKš‘ Avwg g‡b Kwi UvB‡cvMÖvwd GKRb MÖvwdK wWRvBbv‡ii GKwU cÖavb gva¨g Zvi bZzbZ¡ I ¯^KxqZv cÖKv‡ki Rb¨| Avwg Gi weKv‡ki Rb¨ †Póv Kwi memgq wKQz Ki‡Z| Avgvi evbv‡bv KZ¸‡jv we‡kl †¯‹PeyK Av‡Q †h¸‡jv‡Z MÖvd †ccviI ms‡hvwRZ Av‡Q| Avwg †Póv Kwi memgq Zv mv‡_ ivLvi| GUv Avgvi aviYv I wb‡Ri Kv‡Ri GKUv aib †h Avwg me Kv‡Ri †jAvDUI MÖvd †ccv‡i

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 21

Ki‡Z PvB| KviY G‡Z ïiæ †_‡KB cy‡iv cwiKíbv GKUv wbw`©ó jÿ¨ c~i‡Yi R‡b¨B n‡Z _v‡K| mxgve×Zv: Avgiv †h Dcv‡q UvB‡cvMÖvwd wkwL Zv‡Z GK ai‡bi jÿ¨k~Y¨Zv Av‡Q e‡j Avwg g‡b Kwi| Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ †KDB wbwðZ n‡q ej‡Z cv‡i bv Avgv‡`i GB wkÿv wK Kv‡R jvM‡Z cv‡i| UvB‡cvMÖvwd Lye Kómva¨ I Pig ˆa‡h©¨i KvR| Lye fv‡jv †Kv‡bv cÖwZ`vb Gi †_‡K bv Avm‡j mwZ¨Kviv‡_© GUv‡K wb‡q wbqwgZ PP©v Kiv KwVb| Avgv‡`i mgm¨v n‡jv Avgiv mewKQz Lye mnRfv‡e †c‡Z PvB| webvg~‡j¨i †cQ‡b Avgiv †ewk QzwU - Zv‡Z ¯^KxqZv _vK‡jv wK _vK‡jv bv Zv wb‡q †Kv‡bv fvebv †bB| UvB‡cvMÖvwdi Kv‡Ri Rb¨ hviv c„ô‡cvlKZv Ki‡eb Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †hgb GB ¯^KxqZv †ev‡ai Afve, †Zgwb Avgv‡`i g‡Zv UvB‡cvMÖvdvi‡`i Aw¯’i I D‡Ïk¨nxb c_Pjv GB m¤¢vebv‡K w`b w`b †cQ‡b wb‡q hv‡”Q| evsjv‡`‡k Lye Kg eª¨vÛB Av‡Q hviv wbR¯^Zv ivLvi Rb¨ we‡kl †Kv‡bv evsjv d›U e¨envi K‡ib| ‡mBmv‡_ GUvI ejv DwPZ †h hw` mwZ¨ Zviv Pvq GUv Ki‡Z Avgv‡`i wkÿv c×wZ wK cvi‡e wbwðZ Ki‡Z †h GB wkÿv MÖnY K‡i Avwg mÿg ne GKwU c~Y©v½ mgvavb w`‡Z? Avgvi g‡Z GUv MÖvwdK wWRvBb wefv‡Mi KZ©e¨ GKUv gvcKvwV wba©vib Kiv - Gi wkí¸b wbY©‡qi, †mB mv‡_ KvwiMwi w`K¸‡jv wbwð‡Zi| Zv‡`i DwPZ evsjv eY©gvjv wb‡q miKvwi ch©v‡q hv‡`i fvev DwPZ Zv‡`i Nyg fv½v‡bv| Gi AwffveK nevi †hvM¨Zv ïay Zv‡`iB Av‡Q| †hme A‡hvM¨ †jvK Zv‡`i e¨emvwqK ¯^v‡_© GUv `Lj K‡i Av‡Q Zv‡`i‡K Avi †ewk my‡hvM Aek¨B †`qv DwPZ n‡e bv|


Avgvi Kiv UvB‡cvMÖvwd -

iwe Avlvp 15 cÖfvZ 21 PviæKjv 09 RyjvB 16

iwe : evQvB cÖwµqv | cÖ¯Ívebv | cÖhyw³ | mvdj¨ | mxgve×Zv evQvB cÖwµqv GKUv m¤úyb© d›U Avwg Ki‡Z cvie wb‡Ri Ici GiKg wek¦vmUvB GB Kv‡Ri me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© welq wQ‡jv| GUv gvb‡Z wØav †bB †h PviæKjvq `xN© cÖvq 10 eQ‡ii cov‡jLv Avgvi g‡a¨ †mB AvZ¥wek¦vm m„wó Ki‡Z mg_© nqwb| KviY GLv‡b nqZ Avwg eY©gvjvi iƒc I MV‡bi Ávb jvf K‡iwQ, wKš‘ Gi ev¯Íe cÖ‡qvM wKfv‡e m¤¢e Zv KL‡bvB Avgv‡`i‡K †`Lv‡bv nqwb ev ZË¡xqfv‡e †kLv‡bvI nqwb| iweÕi wieª¨vwÛs-Gi KvR K‡i †`‡ki kxl©¯’vbxq K‡qKwU G¨vW G‡RwÝ wg‡j| Gig‡a¨ Zv‡`i Rb¨ bZzb d›U wbg©v‡Yi cÖ¯Íve hvq GwkqvwUK-Gi Zi‡d| Avgvi GK eÜz †mLv‡b KvR K‡i †h GKRb UvB‡cvMÖvdv‡ii †Luv‡R Avgvi mv‡_ †hvMv‡hvM K‡i| Avwg wb‡RI Avm‡j AZUv wbwðZ wQjvg bv - Avm‡jB Ggb GKUv KvR Avwg cy‡iv cvie wK bv| wKš‘ Zv‡K Avwg AvZ¥wek¦v‡mi mv‡_B RvbvB †h Avwg cvie|

iwe wQ‡jv cÖ_g KvR hvi gva¨‡g UvB‡cvMÖvwdi KvwiMwi w`K m¤^‡Ü ev¯Íe AwfÁZv nq| GUv gRvi wKš‘ mgq mv‡cÿ| d›Uj¨v‡ei c¨v‡b‡j iweÕi Aÿi web¨vm|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 22

GwkqvwUK-Gi gy‡LvgywL nevi Av‡M Avwg K_v ewj Avgvi kÖ‡×q wkÿK gvKmy`yi ingv‡bi mv‡_| Avi KvwiMwi e¨vcv‡i wbwðZ nevi R‡b¨ ÔweRqÕ-Gi Ab¨Zg wbg©vZv widvZ bexÕi mv‡_| Zuv‡`i fvl¨ Avgv‡K cy‡ivcywi G Kv‡Ri e¨vcv‡i AvZ¥wek¦vwm K‡i †Zv‡j| GwkqvwUK-G Avgvi cÖ_g Dc¯’vc‡bi gyn~Z©Uv Avgvi Rxe‡bi ¯§iYxq GKwU gyn~Z© wn‡m‡e g‡b ivL‡ev| †Kv‡bv iK‡gi c~e© cwiwPwZ Qvov Zviv gvÎ `ywU K_v w`‡qB Avgv‡K Zv‡`i cÖwZwbwa wn‡m‡e wbe©vPb K‡i Ges Zrÿbvr GK‡Uj (iweÕi cy‡iv‡bv bvg) Awd‡m wb‡q hvq| †mLv‡b


Avgv‡K GK‡Uj DשZb Kg©KZ©v‡`i mvg‡b GB Kv‡Ri e¨vcv‡i Avgvi cvi`wk©Zvi cÖgvY †`Lv‡Z nq| Zviv Zv‡`i g~j cÖwZôv‡b e¨eüZ Bs‡iwR d‡›Ui wKQz Abywjwc †`Lvq Ges Avwg †mLv‡bB e‡m Zv‡`i‡K K‡qKUv e‡Y©i iƒc WªBs K‡i †`LvB| GK‡Uj KZ©„c‡ÿi nv‡Z mgq wQ‡jv LyeB Kg| wKš‘ Zviv ZLbB Avgv‡K GB Kv‡Ri Rb¨ wbe©vPb K‡i Ges GB Kv‡Ri †gŠwLK wbhyw³ †`q| cÖ¯Ívebv

018 1234567 8 9 0 A Av B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z _ ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r t s u A‡bK mgv‡jvPbvi gv‡SI iweÕi cÖksmbxq GKwU w`K - Gi m¤ú~Y© bZzb †Pnviv hv cÖPwjZ †Kv‡bv d‡›Ui mv‡_B ‡g‡j bv| iweÕi A Av K L...

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 23

GK‡Uj d›U ˆZwii cÖ‡qvRbxqZv †eva K‡i Zv‡`i wieª¨vwÛs cwiKíbv wbwðZ Kivi ci| G‡ÿ‡Î Zviv bZzb bvg ÔiweÕ Ges Gi bZzb †jv‡MvI wbe©vPb K‡i †d‡j| iwe bvgwU †jLv n‡qwQj cÖPwjZ GKwU d›U w`‡q| wKš‘ iwe Zvi g~j cÖwZôv‡bi eª¨vÛ bxwZgvjv Abyhvqx †mB d›UwU e¨envi Ki‡Z cviwQj bv| cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q mgq ¯^íZvi wePv‡i Zviv †P‡qwQj †mB cÖPwjZ d‡›Ui wKQz Aÿi cwieZ©b K‡i bZzb bv‡g Av‡iKwU d›U wbg©v‡Yi| Avgvi g~j cÖ¯Ívebv wQ‡jv iweÕi g~j cÖwZôvb ÔAvwRqvUvÕ-q e¨eüZ Bs‡iwR d‡›Ui Av`‡j GKwU evsjv d›U Kiv| cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q Zviv cÖPwjZ H d›UwUi e¨vcv‡i Zv‡`i g‡bv‡hvM Ave× K‡i †i‡LwQ‡jv| hvi Kvi‡Y Zviv wKQz‡ZB Avgvi cÖ¯Íve we‡ePbvq †bqwb| myZivs Avgiv `yRb wg‡j Zv‡`i K_vg‡Zv †mB cÖPwjZ d›UwUi Av`‡j c~Y©v½ GKwU †mU wbg©vY Kwi 8 w`‡b| Avgv‡K my‡hvM †`qv nq wbwg©Z d›UwU GK‡Uj m‡eŸ©v”P bxwZwba©viK‡`i mvg‡b mivmwi Dc¯’vcbvi| Zviv Gi A‡bK¸‡jv wWRvBb Zv‡`i eª¨vÛ bxwZgvjvi cwicwš’ wn‡m‡e †c‡q Zv ms‡kvab Ki‡Z e‡j| G ch©v‡q Avwg Avgvi c~‡e© cÖ¯ÍvweZ Avgvi wPšÍvavivi d›U †jAvDU Avevi Zz‡j awi| e¨vcK cÖksmvi ga¨ w`‡q Zviv ZLwb GUvi Aby‡gv`b †`q Ges cieZ©x 15 w`‡b Ôiwe d›U d¨vwgwj (†i¸jvi, †evì, BUvwjK, †evì BUvwjK)Õ e¨envi Dc‡hvMx wn‡m‡e Zv‡`i Kv‡Q Dc¯’vcb Kwi| cÖhyw³ iweÕi me‡P‡q myweavRbK w`K wQ‡jv GUv mgvb cyiæ‡Z¡i †iLvq Kiv GKwU d›U| Z‡e ÔcÕ, ÔkÕ GiKg Aÿi¸‡jv‡Z wKQz As‡k †gvUv-wPKb †iLvi wKQz e¨envi Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| GQvov g~j ÔAvwRqvUvÕi mv‡_ m¤úK© ¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ cÖvq AwaKvsk Aÿ‡ii Db¥y³ cÖv‡šÍ †KŠwbKfv‡ei cwie‡Z© GKUv †MvjvKvi gm„bZv m„wói †Póv Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB cÖwµqvwU‡K Avgiv wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ bvg w`‡qwQjvg Ôeª¨vwÛsÕ| mgvb cyiæ‡Z¡i jvBb nevi Kvi‡Y Avgv‡`i mgq w`‡Z n‡q‡Q ïay Aÿ‡ii g~j iƒcwU bKkvq| MÖvd †ccv‡i GKUvbv e‡m me¸‡jv Aÿ‡ii iƒc cwiKíbv Kiv n‡q‡Q mnR †cw݇ji jvB‡b| mwZ¨ K_v †h Avgv‡`i K¬v‡ki PP©v GB †ÿ‡Î e¨vcK KvR w`‡q‡Q| Gi cieZ©x ch©v‡q KvR wQ‡jv KvM‡R AvuKv †mB Aÿi¸‡jv‡K ¯‹¨vb K‡i †f±i MÖvwdKm evbv‡bv| GiR‡b¨ Avgiv e¨envi K‡iwQ G‡Wvwe Bjv‡÷ªUi| Z‡e GB †ÿ‡Î Avgv‡`i A‡bK¸‡jv RwUjZvi gy‡LvgywL n‡Z n‡q‡Q| we‡kl K‡i K‡qKwU Aÿ‡ii gv‡S `„k¨gvb h‡_ó cv_©K¨ ˆZix Kiv GKUv KwVb welq wQ‡jv| gvb‡Z wØav †bB †h iwe d‡›U GiKg GKwU eo fzj GLbI i‡q †M‡Q| ÔhÕ I ÔNÕ - GB `ywU Aÿ‡ii gv‡S e¨eavb Avgvi g‡Z AviI jÿ¨bxq nIqv Avek¨K wQ‡jv| Av‡iKUv RwUjZv wQ‡jv hy³vÿi wbg©v‡b| mwZ¨ K_v evsjv eY©gvjv GB Kvi‡Y m¤¢eZ c„w_exi RwUjZg GKwU eY©gvjv| hy³e‡Y©i cÖvPzh©Zv I RwUjZv †h Kv‡iv ˆah©¨Pz¨wZi R‡b¨ h‡_ó| †evì d›U evbv‡bvi mgq GB RwUjZv A‡bKUv


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`yt¯^cœ n‡q `vwo‡qwQ‡jv| Avgvi g‡Z evsjv‡K AvšÍR©vZxqKi‡Yi †ejvq GUv GKUv eo wPšÍvi e¨vcvi n‡q `uvov‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e Avwg A‡b‡Ki Kv‡Q GB RwUjZv‡K evsjv fvlvi Me© wn‡m‡e `vwe Ki‡Z ï‡bwQ| wKš‘ Avwg Avgvi ev¯Íe AwfÁZv †_‡K ej‡Z cvwi Avgv‡`i UvB‡cvMÖvdvi‡`i A‡b‡KB GB RwUjZvi R‡b¨ evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd‡K AcQ›` K‡ib| cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q Avgv‡`i `vwqZ¡ wQ‡jv ÔweRqÕ-G e¨envi Kiv hvq GiKg GKwU d›U wbg©vb K‡i †`qvi| †mB wn‡m‡e Avgv‡`i cieZ©x KvR wQ‡jv ˆZix †f±i Aÿi¸‡jv weRq wba©vwiZ Q‡K emv‡bv| GB Kv‡Ri Rb¨ Avgiv e¨envi K‡iwQ d›Uj¨ve| cieZ©x‡Z hLb iweÕ‡K BDwb‡KvW d›U wn‡m‡e Avgv‡`i wbg©vY Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q †m‡ÿ‡Î BDwb‡KvW wba©vwiZ Q‡K me¸‡jv Aÿi‡K emv‡Z n‡q‡Q| mvdj¨: iweÕi me‡P‡q eo mdjZv wQ‡jv wba©vwiZ mg‡q m¤úbœ Ki‡Z cviv| Uvbv K‡qK iv‡Zi wbN©yg cwikÖg mv_©K g‡b n‡q‡Q hLb 28 gvP© 2010-Gi mKv‡ji cwÎKvq iwe d‡›U iweÕi bZzb bvgKi‡Yi †NvlYv weÁvcb †`‡LwQ| GB Kv‡Ri gva¨‡g wb‡Ri g‡a¨ AvZ¥wek¦vm R‡b¥‡Q eû¸b| UvB‡cvMÖvwd‡K †ckv wn‡m‡e MÖn‡Yi mvnmI cvB GLb Avgiv| iweÕi cvwikÖwgK I cÖwZ`vb Avgv‡`i g‡Zv bZz‡bi Rb¨ LyeB Drmvne¨ÄK wQ‡jv| GKUv SzwKc~Y© KvR wQ‡jv e‡U Z‡e Gi cÖwZUv c`‡ÿc wQ‡jv †kLvi| GB Kv‡Ri AvZ¥wek¦vm wb‡qB fvewQ mvg‡b GKUv cÖ`k©bx Ki‡ev hv n‡e evsjv‡`‡ki BwZnv‡m cÖ_g UvB‡cvMÖvwd cÖ`k©bx| mxgve×Zv: ‡h‡nZz Avgv‡K cÖ_‡gB weRq Dc‡hvMx GKwU d›U evbv‡Z n‡q‡Q †m‡nZz weRq-i QK Avgv‡K eyS‡Z n‡q‡Q A‡bKUv mgq w`‡q| GUv Ki‡Z wM‡q Avwg hvicibvB weR‡qi Dci wei³ n‡qwQ, Avevi K…ZÁZvI †eva K‡iwQ| Avgvi g‡b n‡q‡Q weRq Av‡ivwcZ KZ¸‡jv RwUjZv evsjv d›U wbg©v‡bi GB cy‡iv cÖwµqvUv‡K GKUv GKK Avwac‡Z¨i g‡a¨ mxgve× K‡i †i‡L‡Q|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 24


Avlvp 15 : `k©b | cÖhyw³ | cwiKíbv

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‡gvUv wPKb †iLvi mgš^‡q Kiv d‡›Ui †ejvq wKQz RwUjZv _vK‡jI `„wó MÖvn¨Zvq G¸‡jv GwM‡q _v‡K| Avlvp 15-i A Av K L ... | d›Uj¨ve-Gi GwWU‡i hy³eY© ÔéÕ|

`k©b: Av‡Mi Aa¨v‡q e‡jwQ ÔiweÕ‡K Avgiv GK`g ïiæ‡ZB m¤ú~Y© e¨envi Dc‡hvMx GKwU c~Y©v½ d›U w`‡qwQjvg hv Zv‡`i eª¨vÛ bxwZgvjvi mv‡_ cy‡ivcywi m½wZkxj bq e‡j Avgiv cieZ©x‡Z GLbKvi iwe d›UwU K‡iwQ| GwUB †mB d›U hv Avgiv cieZ©x‡Z ÔAvlvp 15Õ bvgKiY K‡iwQ| GB d›U wWRvB‡bi †ejvq Avgv‡`i mivmwi iwei K‡qKRb Kg©KZ©vi wb‡`©kbv gvb‡Z n‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i wb‡`©k wQ‡jv cÖPwjZ GKwU d›U‡K AbymiY Kivi| wKš‘ Avgiv †P‡qwQ Zvi g‡a¨I ¯^KxqZv ivLvi| wKQz wKQz †ÿ‡Î GB d›UwU Avgvi Kv‡Q A‡bK †ewk cQ›`| we‡kl K‡i Gi †gvUv wPKb †iLvi cÖ‡qvM n‡qwQ‡jv cwiwgwZ †eva‡K ¸iæZ¡ w`‡q| Gi hy³e‡Y©i MVb A‡bK mvejxj KviY A‡cÿvK…Z wPKb †iLvi R‡b¨ wfZiKvi k~Y¨ †¯úm †ewk hv `„wó MÖvn¨Zv evwo‡q †`q| cÖhyw³: GB d›UwUi me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© w`K n‡jv GwU Lye Abvox nv‡Z ¯^íZg mg‡q Kiv GKwU Amvavib KvR| †hvM¨Zvi wePv‡i Avwg G‡K Amvavib ejwQ bv, Kv‡Ri AwfÁZvq GwU Amvavib| weRq-G e¨envi Kiv hvq Ggb d›U wn‡m‡eB GwU Avgv‡`i wbg©vb Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ cieZ©x ch©v‡q Avgiv G‡K BDwb‡Kv‡WI iƒcvšÍi K‡iwQ| cwiKíbv: Rxe‡bi cÖ_g e¨envi Dc‡hvMx d›U wn‡m‡e Gi ¸iæZ¡ Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q m¤ú~Y© Ab¨iKg| Avgiv PvB Avgv‡`i GB AbyfzwZ mevi mv‡_ fvM K‡i wb‡Z| Avgiv PvB GUv cÖPwjZ weRq, †jLwb, Aå me UvBwcs gva¨‡gB e¨envi Dc‡hvMx †nvK| †m j‡ÿ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq c`‡ÿ‡ci ci Lye kxNªB Avgiv GB d›UwU webvg~‡j¨ e¨env‡ii Rb¨ Db¥y³ K‡i w`‡ev|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 25


cÖfvZ 21 : ïiæi K_v | bvgKiY | eZ©gvb Ae¯’vb | cwiKíbv

ïiæi K_v:

GB d›UwU m¤ú~Y©B GKB iKg cyiæ‡Z¡i †iLvq Kiv| `„wó MÖvn¨Zvq wKQz mgm¨v Avwg wb‡RB eyS‡Z cvwi| †mUv AwZµ‡gi DcvqI Avgvi Rvbv Av‡Q| cÖ_gw`‡bi WªBs, Bjv‡÷ªUi-G Kiv †f±i †iLv, cvkvcvwk ewm‡q ˆZwi Kiv wewfbœ evK¨|

gv÷vm© 1g c‡e© Avgv‡`i wbR¯^ GKwU d›U Ki‡Z nq Avgv‡`i cvVµ‡gi Ask wn‡m‡e| GB d›UwU Avwg †mB Kv‡R e¨envi K‡iwQ| Z‡e Gi ïiæ AviI A‡bK Av‡M| Avwg memgq †Póv Kwi mv‡_ GKUv Avgvi †mB we‡kl ‡¯‹P eyK ivLvi| G‡Z Avm‡jB A‡bK KvR nq| GB d›UwUi GK`g cÖv_wgK avibv gv_vq G‡mwQ‡jv LyeB Zvw”Q‡j¨i g‡a¨ KvUv‡bv GKUv mg‡q - †cw݇ji jvBb¸‡jv †`L‡jB †evSv hvq KZUv D`vmxbZvi g‡a¨ G¸‡jv Uvbv| wKš‘ cieZ©x‡Z hLb Bjv‡÷ªUi-G GB jvBb¸‡jv‡K †f±‡i iƒcvšÍi ïiæ Kwi ZLb g‡b n‡Z _v‡K †h GUv fv‡jv GKUv d›U n‡Z cv‡i| bvgKiY: evsjvi Rb¨ GKUv cÖfvZ A‡bK ¸iæZ¡c~Y© - 21 †deªæqvwii cÖfvZ| †mLvb †_‡KB GB bvgKiY| eZ©gvb Ae¯’vb: Avwg †h mgqUvq GKUv c~Y©v½ d‡›Ui me ai‡Yi Dc‡hvwMZv m¤^‡Ü wbwðZ wQjvg bv †m mg‡q GUvi g~j cwiKíbv Kiv| Gi me¸‡jv ¯^ieY© I e¨Äbe‡Y©i iƒc ˆZwi Kiv Av‡Q| G¸‡jv cvkvcvwk ewm‡q Avwg A‡bK evK¨ ˆZwiI K‡iwQ, †m¸‡jvi e¨enviI n‡q‡Q| cwiKíbv: GKUv e¨envi Dc‡hvMx c~Y©v½ d›U wn‡m‡e wbg©vb Kiv| Z‡e GB d›UwU Avwg webvg~‡j¨ KvD‡K e¨envi Ki‡Z w`‡Z PvB bv| evsjv‡`‡k GB ixwZ GLbI cÖwZwôZ bv, wKš‘ Avwg Zv Ki‡Z PvB|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 26


PviæKjv 09 : ïiæi K_v | bvgKiY | eZ©gvb Ae¯’vb | cwiKíbv

ïiæi K_v: 2q c‡e© Avgv‡`i cvVµ‡g UvB‡cvMÖvwd AšÍf©y³ bv| wKš‘ GB d›UwU 2q c‡e© G‡mB Kiv| GB †mk‡b Avgv‡`i g~j KvR wQ‡jv wbixÿvag©x †cv÷vi Ges eyK wWRvBb I Bjv‡÷ªkb| GK`g ïiæi w`‡Ki GKUv KvR wQ‡jv PviæKjv I g‡Wj kxl©K GKwU †cv÷vi| GB Kv‡Ri mgq cÖ_g GB d›UwUi avibv Avgvi gv_vq Av‡m| cieZ©x‡Z GB aibwU Avwg e¨envi K‡iwQ cy‡iv 2q ce© Ry‡o, me Kv‡R| MÖvd †ccv‡i GB d›UwU evK¨ AvKv‡i Kiv Avgvi Rb¨ Lye mnR Kv‡Ri GKwU| †mB mgq Avwg Afve †eva Kwi Ggb GKUv c×wZi hv‡Z Avgvi nv‡Z Kiv AÿiwU mivmwi †f±‡i iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡q hv‡e| ‡cv÷v‡i, eB‡qi Kvfv‡i wk‡ivbvg wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ PviæKjv 09|

bvgKiY: PviæKjv I g‡Wj kxl©K †cv÷vi †_‡K GB d‡›Ui ïiæ e‡j Gi bv‡gi cÖ_g Ask ÔPviæKjvÕ| Avi 09 msL¨vUv Avgv‡`i mevi Rb¨ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© - Avgiv PviæKjvi beg e¨vP| GB d›UwU Avwg PviæKjvi GKUv ¯§viK wn‡m‡e memgq ¯§ib ivL‡Z PvB| eZ©gvb Ae¯’vb: GB d‡›U A‡bK¸‡jv evK¨ Avgvi †jLv n‡q‡Q| MÖvd †ccv‡i Lye ¯^Ztù‚Z©Zvi mv‡_B GB ÷vBjUv Avgvi nv‡Z Av‡m| 2q c‡e© e¨eüZ me cvVµg †_‡K ïiæ K‡i A‡bK¸‡jv †ckv`vi Kv‡RI Avwg GB d›U ÷vBj e¨envi K‡iwQ| cwiKíbv: weRq-G e¨envi Dc‡hvMx wn‡m‡e GB d‡›Ui A‡bKUv KvR Kiv n‡q †M‡Q| Z‡e GB d‡›Ui hy³e‡Y©i MVb I cÖ‡qv‡M GKUz we‡kl hZœ wb‡Z n‡e| †mB w`K †_‡K GUv BDwb‡KvW d›U wn‡m‡e †ewk fv‡jv nevi K_v| ZviciI Avwg Av‡M Gi weRq ms¯‹iY cÖKvk Ki‡Z PvB|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 27


RyjvB 16 : ïiæi K_v | bvgKiY | eZ©gvb Ae¯’vb | cwiKíbv

ïiæi K_v:

Avgvi g‡Z GB d‡›Ui `„pZvB Gi bv›`wbKZvi g~j w`K| hw`I GUv LyeB KwVb GKUv KvR †h ïaygvÎ `yB ai‡bi jvBb w`‡q me¸‡jv Aÿi ˆZwi Kiv| wKš‘ GUv evsjv eY©gvjvi mijxKi‡Yi GKUv c`‡ÿc n‡ZI cv‡i| GB Awfm›`‡f© e¨eüZ cÖ”Q‡`i Rb¨ wbwg©Z Aÿi I kã mg~n|

mv¤úªwZK me‡P‡q wbKUeZ©x mg‡q Kiv d›U ÷vBj ÔRyjvB 16Õ| g~jZ GB Awfm›`‡f©i Rb¨ Avwg K‡qKwU we‡kl d›U cwiKíbv K‡iwQjvg| Avwg †P‡qwQjvg wewfbœ cÖ‡qvR‡b e¨envi Kiv hvq Ggb AšÍZ 4-5Uv d›U Gi mv‡_ mshy³ Ki‡Z| wKš‘ cieZ©x‡Z eyS‡Z cvijvg GUv ïay AgvbywlK cwikÖ‡gi KvRB bq, wKQzUv Ôevûj¨Õ †`Lv‡bvI e‡U| †mB cwiKíbvq GB ÷vBjwU ‰Zwi Kiv| GwU GB Awfm›`‡f©i cÖ”Q`mn K‡qKwU wk‡ivbvg cvZvq e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q| bvgKiY: GB d‡›Ui AvK…wZ‡Z GKUv `„pZv Av‡Q hv Avgvi Rxe‡bi GKUv Ab¨Zg NUbvi mv‡_ m¤úK©hy³ Kiv hvq| †mB m~‡ÎB Gi bvgKiY| eZ©gvb Ae¯’vb: GB d‡›Ui wbg©v‡Y me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© w`K n‡jv †Kv‡bv cÖKvi WªBs ev †jAvDU QvovB mivmwi Bjv‡÷ªUi-G †f±i wn‡m‡e cÖwZwU Aÿi evbv‡bv| GUv wb‡q KvR Kivi mgq Avwg Avgvi AwfÁZvi me‡P‡q PzovšÍ AvZ¥wek¦vm Abyfe K‡iwQ| eZ©gv‡b Gi hy³e‡Y©i cwiKíbv KiwQ| cwiKíbv: Avgvi g‡Z ïaygvÎ wk‡ivbvg ev eo AvKv‡i ¯^í jvB‡bi †jLvi Rb¨ GB d›UwU e¨envi Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| Avwg PvB Ggb †Kv‡bv UvBwcs gva¨‡gi d›U wn‡m‡e GUv‡K wbg©vb Ki‡Z hv‡Z hy³eY© wb‡q †Kv‡bv iKg m‡›`n _vK‡e bv|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 28


c~Y©v½ eª¨vwÛs

Mig Pv : eª¨vÛ | Mig Pv Mí | D‡Ïk¨ | Kg© cwiKíbv | mvdj¨

- Mig Pv

‡h‡Kv‡bv cÖwZôv‡bi n‡q c~Y©v½ eª¨vwÛs Kivi my‡hvM cvIqv †h‡Kv‡bv MÖvwdK wWRvBbv‡ii Rb¨ m¤§v‡bi e¨vcvi| Avgv‡`i wkÿvµ‡g Gi mivmwi cvV bv _vK‡jI wek¦e¨vcx MÖvwdK wWRvB‡b GUv LyeB ¸iæZ¡c~Y© GKwU gva¨g| Mig Pv-Gi Rb¨ Kiv weR‡bm KvW©, †jUvi †nW I †cv÷Kv‡W©i bgybv|

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GOROMCHA 6th floor, 701 tongi diversion road, boro maghbazar, dhaka 1217 p: +88 02 9339282, f: +88 02 8332190 www.goromcha.com

eª¨vÛ: Mig Pv-Gi g~j †køvMvb ÔAvcbvi GjvKvi I‡qemvBUÕ| Avgv‡`i mbvZb Pv‡qi †`vKv‡bi †h AvÇv, Mvj-Mà Zv AbjvB‡b Zz‡j AvbvB GB eª¨v‡Ûi g~j jÿ¨| G‡Kev‡i mvavib gvby‡li Kv‡Q †evaMg¨ n‡e Ggb GKUv eª¨vÛ cwiwPwZB Zviv cÖwZwôZ Ki‡Z Pvq| Zv‡`i bvgKi‡Yi †ejv‡ZI GKB wPšÍv KvR K‡i‡Q| Mig Pv-i †jv‡Mv cwiKíbvi Avgv‡K h‡_ó mgq †`qv nq| wKš‘ mwZ¨ ej‡Z GKw`‡bi wKQz mg‡qi g‡a¨ Avwg †ekwKQz †jAvDU Kwi Ges Zv †_‡KB g~j †jv‡Mv g‡bvbxZ Kiv nq| Mig Pv g~j †jv‡Mv I ‡¯‹P eyK †_‡K †bqv †jAvD‡Ui GKwU c„ôv|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 29

Mig Pv Mí: Mig Pv-Gi g~j cwiKíbv I D‡`¨vM hvi Zvi mv‡_ Avgvi cwiPq A‡bKUv bvUKxqfv‡e| wZwb GKRb evsjv‡`wk wKš‘ KvR K‡ib jÛ‡b, GKRb evRvi we‡klÁ wn‡m‡e - we‡k¦i GK b¤^i I‡qe wbf©i cÖwZôvb ¸M‡j| Avgvi e¨w³MZ I‡qemvB‡U wKQz UvB‡cvMÖvwd I I‡q‡ei KvR †`‡L wZwb Avgvi mv‡_ †hvMv‡hvM


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Avgv‡`i A‡b‡KB I‡qe‡K MÖvwdK wWRvB‡bi Ask wn‡m‡e gvb‡Z wVK m¤§Z nb bv| wKš‘ wek¦e¨vwc GB gva¨gwU GLb MÖvwdK wWRvB‡bi me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© I cwieZ©bkxj w`K| Mig Pv I‡qevmB‡Ui mv¤úªwZK Kv‡j `ywU m‡eŸ©v”P cÖ`wk©Z cvZv|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 30

ˆZixi mgq Avgv‡K GB wPšÍv gv_vq ivL‡Z n‡q‡Q †h G¸‡jv mnR‡eva¨ n‡e, Avgv‡`i cÖPwjZ wRwbmcÎ n‡e| Mig Pv-Gi me As‡ki mv‡_ e¨enviKvix‡`i m¤úK©Uv n‡”Q me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© w`K| Gi e¨enviKvixivB Gi Z_¨ mieivnKvix, Avevi ZvivB MÖnYKvix| GKUv cvi®úwiK Av`vb cÖ`v‡bi gva¨g ˆZwiB wQ‡jv Gi g~j jÿ¨|


Mig Pv-i eª¨vÛ cwiKíbvi g~j GKwU welq wQ‡jv wewfbœ gva¨‡g Gi e¨envi| †Kvb gva¨‡g wKfv‡e Gi e¨envi n‡Z cv‡i Zvi GKwU my¯úó wb‡`©kbv m¤^wjZ MvBW ˆZwi Kiv wQ‡jv Avgvi Rb¨ Amvavib Av‡iKwU AwfÁZv|

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eª¨vÛ MvBW-G cÖ`wk©Z wU kv‡U© Mig Pv-i eª¨vwÛs wKfv‡e Kiv hv‡e Zvi wb‡`©kbv|

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Kg© cwiKíbv: Avgv‡K me‡P‡q †ewk mgq e¨q Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q Gi †jv‡Mv cwiKíbvq, me‡P‡q †ewk ¸iæZ¡ w`‡Z n‡q‡Q mvavi‡bi Kv‡Q Gi MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv wb‡q| Avgvi ¯^vaxbZv wQ‡jv e¨vcK, wKš‘ Zvi Kvi‡Y Avwg †ewk `vwqZ¡kxj n‡qwQ| Gi †jAvDU Kivi ci A‡bK‡K Avwg †`wL‡qwQ - wewfbœ †kÖYxi wewfbœ Rb‡K| Gi †fZ‡ii Mig Pv †jLvi inm¨ nqZ A‡b‡K eyS‡Z cv‡iwb, wKš‘ Gi cy‡iv iƒ‡ci cÖZxKx Dc¯’vcb AwaKvskB mv`‡i cÖksmv K‡i‡Q| Z‡e bxwZ wba©viK‡`i K‡qKR‡bi wKQz wØgZ wQ‡jv hv Avgvi Rb¨ cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q GKUz weiw³i KviY wQ‡jv| wKš‘ hLb mvavi‡bi MÖnY‡hvM¨Zvi e¨vcv‡i Avwg †gvUvgywU wbwðZ n‡qwQ ZLb Avgvi AvZ¥wek¦vm cÖPÛ n‡q‡Q| GB Kv‡Ri gva¨‡g GKUv wkÿv n‡q‡Q - wKQz wKQz †ÿ‡Î wb‡R‡K GKUz iæÿ n‡Z nq AšÍZ wb‡Ri Kv‡Ri e¨vcv‡i| GB Kv‡Ri cieZ©x P¨v‡jÄ wQ‡jv Gi I‡qemvB‡Ui †jAvDU Kiv| †ek K‡qKUv ms¯‹ib Kivi ci GUv GLbKvi iƒ‡c G‡m‡Q| Avwg hLb cy‡iv‡bv †mme KvR †`wL ZLb eywS cÖwZwU c‡e© Avgvi KZ¸‡jv DbœwZ wQ‡jv hv Ae‡k‡l GKUv m‡šÍvlRbK ch©v‡q Avgvi KvR‡K G‡b‡Q| I‡qemvB‡Ui cvkvcvwk KZ¸‡jv cÖPvibvi Dcv`vbI Avgv‡K wWRvBb Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q hvi R‡b¨ Avwg g~j †jv‡Mvi cvkvcvwk AviI wKQz cÖZxKx eª¨vÛ AvBKb ˆZwi K‡iwQ Ges †m¸‡jv e¨env‡iiI GKUv mywbw`©ó w`K wb‡`©kbv ˆZwi K‡iwQ| mvdj¨: Mig Pv WU Kg mK‡ji mvg‡b cÖ_g cÖ`wk©Z nq 9 Rvbyqvwi 2010 G| Qqgv‡m Gi †h jÿ¨gvÎv AR©b Kivi K_v wQ‡jv Zv c~Y© n‡q‡Q Lye fv‡jvfv‡eB| GLb cieZ©x Qqgv‡mi jÿ¨ AR©‡bi KvR Pj‡Q| BwZg‡a¨ wUwf I cwÎKvq Mig Pv wb‡q wdPvi cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q|

AvaywbK eª¨vwÛs-Gi †ÿ‡Î †jv‡Mv QvovI AviI wKQz cÖZxKx Dcv`vb wWRvBb Kiv nq hv gva¨‡gi wfbœZvq eª¨vÛ Dc¯’vcb Kivi Kv‡R e¨envi Kiv nq| 1. wU-kvU©-Gi Rb¨ Kiv gv¯‹U| 2. Mig Pv ÷¨v¤ú|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 31

Gi eª¨vÛ cwiea©b cwiKíbvq Av‡Q A‡bK¸‡jv bZzb wgwWqvi ms‡hvRb| Avgiv m¤ú~Y© bZzb GKwU aviv ˆZwi Ki‡Z PvB Gi cÖPvibvq| mPivPi wUwf, cwÎKv weÁvcb‡K m¤ú~Y© ev` w`‡q wKfv‡e GwU GK`g mvavi‡bi bvMvj ch©šÍ hvIqv hvq Zvi cwiKíbv I †m Abyhvqx KvR Pj‡Q cy‡iv`‡g| eZ©gv‡b Avwg Gi cwiPvjbv cl©‡`i GKRb wn‡m‡e KvR KiwQ|


c~Y©v½ eyK wWRvBb

g¨vbyqvj : g‡bvbqb | w`K wb‡`©kbv | KvwiMwi w`K | mvdj¨

- †UªBwbs g¨vbyqvj : †Kqvi evsjv‡`k

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 32

Gi †U·U mvRv‡bvi †ÿ‡Î KZ¸‡jv wb‡`©kbv jÿ Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| GLv‡b cÖwZwU wel‡q mv‡_ KZ¸‡jv Kibxq hy³ Av‡Q| Zvi wm×všÍ I djvdj †jLvi Rb¨ k~Y¨¯’vb w`‡Z n‡q‡Q| mewgwj‡q GB KvRwU‡Z †¯úm Qvo‡Z n‡q‡Q A‡bK| d‡j cy‡iv g¨vbyqvj Ry‡o GKUv kvšÍfve Av‡Q hv GKRb cvV‡Ki g‡bv‡hvM‡K `xN© mgq a‡i ivL‡Z cv‡i|


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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 33


UvB‡cvMÖvwdK ‡jv‡Mv

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 34


UvB‡cvMÖvwdK †jv‡Mvi me‡P‡q myweavi w`KwU Zviv wb‡Z cv‡ib hviv wbqwgZ UvB‡cvMÖvwdi PP©v iv‡Lb| Zv‡`i Rb¨ GUv mnR, ¯^í mg‡qi KvR|

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‡`wk-we‡`wk K‡qKwU cÖwZôv‡bi Rb¨ MZ 2-3 eQ‡i Kiv K‡qKwU †jv‡Mv|

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 35


UvB‡cvMÖvwdK ‡nwWs

- †cv÷vi - eyK Kvfvi - cvewjwmwU K¨v‡¤úBb

GiKg A‡bKevi n‡q‡Q †h nqZ Avwg K‡qKwU Aÿi w`‡q GKwU ‡nwWs wWRvBb K‡iwQ| cieZ©x‡Z Zvi Aby‡cÖiYv w`‡qB H ÷vBjwU Avwg GKwU c~Y©v½ d‡›U cwiYZ K‡iwQ| mv¤úªwZKKv‡j cÖvwZôvwbK I evwYwR¨K Kv‡R e¨env‡ii Rb¨ Kiv K‡qKwU UvB‡cvMÖvwdK †nwWs|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 36

UvB‡cvMÖvwdK †nwWs ‰Zwii Ab¨ iKg GKUv myweav Av‡Q| mvavibZ GUv †jLv nq GKUvbv, †h KqUv Aÿi `iKvi nq ïay †m KqUvB| cy‡iv eY©gvjvi †mU ˆZwii fvi GLv‡b _v‡K bv| Avgv‡`i †`‡k cÖvq me wWRvBbviiv GB KvRwU A‡bK Avb›` mnKv‡i K‡i _v‡Kb| †ewkifvM †ÿ‡ÎB wb‡Ri nv‡Zi Uvbv †Kv‡bv †jLvi ÷vBj‡K KvM‡R wj‡L ¯‹¨vb K‡i †f±‡i iæcvšÍi K‡i GUv e¨envi Kiv nq|


‡cv÷vi: 1-6 UvB‡cvMÖvwdK †nwWs †ewki fvM †ÿ‡ÎB wWRvBb Kiv n‡q‡Q †cv÷v‡i e¨envi Kivi Rb¨| Avgvi g‡Z †cv÷v‡ii welq Abyhvwq hw` g~j e³e¨wUi d›U ÷vBj Kiv hvq Z‡e cy‡iv †cv÷v‡ii e³e¨ A‡bK †ewk my¯úó nq| (evg †_‡K Wv‡b...) 1. mgvR m‡PZbZvg~jK †cv÷vi wel‡q Gg.Gd.G 1g c‡e©i K¬v‡ki KvR wn‡m‡e Kiv| 2. MÖx‡®§i wewPÎZv I RxebhvÎv Zz‡j a‡i ch©Ub Ki‡cv‡ik‡bi e¨vbv‡i Kiv K¬v‡ki KvR| 3. el©vi †mŠ›`h© Zz‡j a‡i ch©UK‡`i AvK…ó Kivi j‡ÿ¨ Kiv †cv÷vi wWRvBb| 4. 1g c‡e©i PzovšÍ cixÿvq Kiv mgvR m‡PZbZvg~jK †cv÷vi| 5. Gg.Gd.G 2q c‡e©i wbixÿvg~jK Kv‡Ri Ask wn‡m‡e m‡PZbZvg~jK †cv÷vi wn‡m‡e Kiv| 6. 2q c‡e©i cÖ_g wbixÿvg~jK KvR wn‡m‡e Kiv †cv÷vi - PviæKjv I g‡Wj|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 37


‡cv÷vi: 6 - 11 PviæKjvi Abvm© c‡e© †hme †cv÷vi K‡iwQ Zv‡Z wbR¯^ d›U ÷vBj e¨env‡ii mvnm m¤¢eZ wQ‡jv bv| Z‡e GUv ej‡Z cvwi †h Avwg memgq †U·U wWRvBb‡K A‡bK ¸iæZ¡ w`Zvg| (evg †_‡K Wv‡b...) 7. ‡Kqvi evsjv‡`k-Gi Rb¨ Kiv GKwU †ckv`vi KvR| g~jZ KZ¸‡jv evK¨‡K g~j e³e¨ wn‡m‡e Zz‡j aivB cÖavb KvR wQ‡jv| 8. cÖ_gUvi gZ GKB avivevwnKZvq Kiv Av‡iKwU KvR| 9. Avgvi †miv Kv‡Ri GKwU - 3q e‡l©i PzovšÍ cixÿvq Kiv cve©Z¨ PÆMÖvg‡K Zz‡j a‡i ch©UK‡`i AvK…ó Kivi Rb¨ evsjv‡`k ch©Ub Ki‡cv‡ik‡bi n‡q Kiv †cv÷vi wWRvBb| 10. Rxe‡bi cÖ_g †cv÷vi wWRvBb - †KvjvR gva¨‡g Kiv my›`ie‡bi we‡klZ¡ Zz‡j a‡i wWRvBb Kiv †cv÷vi| 11. Kw¤úDUvi e¨envi K‡i Kiv †cv÷vi GUvI 3q e‡l©i Av‡iKwU KvR|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 38


Mí I Aj¼iY:

†gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv

Mí I Aj¼iY:

†gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 39

†jLv: Aveyj †gv‡gb Aj¼iY: †gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv wkí †Zv ms¯‹…wZiB Av‡iK cÖKvk| †h gvbyl cÖK…wZi wbKUeZ©x, hvi m‡½ cÖK…wZi †hvM cÖZ¨ÿ I mcÖvY ZviB hLb ms¯‹…wZi m‡½ †hvM Mfxi ZLb wk‡íI †h Zvi AwaKvi ¯^vfvweK I ¯^ZtùzZ© n‡e Zv‡Z Avi m‡›`n wK|

†jLv: Aveyj †gv‡gb Aj¼iY: †gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv


cvewjwmwU K¨v‡¤úBb : cvewjwmwU K¨v‡¤úBb wel‡qi AvIZvq PviæKjvq Avgiv wjd‡jU, wej‡evW©, cwÎKvi weÁvcb wWRvBb wkwL| Gme Kv‡Ri †ÿ‡ÎI UvB‡cvMÖvwdi fzwgKv ejv hvq g~L¨| (Dci †_‡K bx‡P) 1. gv÷vm© 1g c‡e©i PzovšÍ cixÿvq Kiv wej‡evW© wWRvBb| 2. evwYwR¨K cÖPv‡ii Rb¨ Ô¯^‡cœiwmwoÕ bvgK GKwU I‡qemvB‡Ui wjd‡jU|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 40


UvB‡cvMÖvwdi Ab¨vb¨ cÖ‡qvM - Av‡jvPbv I Z‡K©-weZ‡K©

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‡KvbUv mwVK GUv Avm‡j †fvUvfzwUi †P‡q Avgvi Kv‡Q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© n‡jv †KvbUv mnRfv‡e †evaMg¨| Dc‡ii iƒcwU AåÕi Gev‡ii †`qv iƒc| wKš‘ bx‡Pi iƒcwU †ewkifv‡Mi Kv‡Q cwiwPZ|

B`vwbs evsjv wb‡q fv‡jvB Av‡jvPbv nq| we‡klZ I‡qewfwËK evsjvi RbwcÖqZv evov‡Z Gi RwUjZvi w`K¸‡jv ax‡i ax‡i †ei n‡q Avm‡Q, GwK mv‡_ mgvav‡bi DcvqI| wKQzw`b Av‡M GgbB GKUv NUbv N‡U| mevB Rv‡bb weRq GLv‡b me‡P‡q RbwcÖq UvBwcs gva¨g| Avwg GB K_v¸‡jv wjLwQ weRq-G| wKš‘ mwZ¨ K_v n‡jv Gi weKí †bB e‡j A‡b‡K GUv e¨envi Ki‡Qb|

Aå c‡ÿi Av‡jvPbvi g~j cøvUdg© nq KwgDwbwU eøMmg~n| weZK© Ki‡Z wM‡q evsjv eY©gvjvi wewfbœ w`K cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q g~jZ| ÔmPjvqZbÕ bv‡gi GKwU eø‡M avivevwnK AvKv‡i cÖKvwkZ †jLvi cÖ_g ce©|

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 41


c„ôv 45 - 60


UvB‡cvMÖvwdi wek¦iƒc - UvB‡cvMÖvwd Uzjm - wek¦e¨vwc UvB‡cvMÖvwdi PP©v - UvB‡cvMÖvdvi KwgDwbwU

UvB‡cvMÖvwd Uzjm : Bjv‡÷ªUi | d›Uj¨ve I d‡›UvMÖvdvi AvaywbK UvB‡cvMÖvwdi mv‡_ Lye †ewk m¤úK©hy³ n‡”Q Kw¤úDUvi wbf©i KZ¸‡jv Uzjm| GKUv mgq wQ‡jv hLb d›U ˆZwii †KŠkj wQ‡jv A‡bK¸‡jv av‡c web¨¯Í| Avwg Rvwb bv ZLb wVK wKfv‡e GKwU d›U e¨envi Dc‡hvwM wn‡m‡e wbg©vb m¤úbœ n‡Zv| Z‡e Abygvb Ki‡Z cvwi †h AšÍZ 3 †_‡K 5 R‡bi wfbœ iK‡gi KvwiMwi `ÿZvi cÖ‡qvRb n‡Zv GKUv d›U ÷vBj‡K Qvcvi ni‡d cÖKv‡ki Rb¨| GLbKvi gva¨‡g PvB‡j GKRb UvB‡cvMÖvdvi GKvB GB cy‡iv cÖwµqvwU GKnv‡Z m¤úbœ Ki‡Z cv‡ib| wKfv‡e Zv m¤¢e Zvi ev¯Íe Kv‡Ri mv‡_ eY©bv Avwg BwZg‡a¨ w`‡qwQ Avgvi c~‡e©i Av‡jvPbvq| GB c‡e© Avgiv Av‡jvPbv Ki‡ev wKQz wek¦weL¨vZ I RbwcÖq Uzjm hv mvavibZ GLbKvi AvaywbK UvB‡cvMÖvwd‡Z e¨envi nq| G‡Wvwe Bjv‡÷ªUi: AšÍZ evsjv‡`‡ki MÖvwdK wWRvBbvi‡`i Kv‡Q LyeB RbwcÖq GKwU mdUIqvi GWwe Bjv‡÷ªUi| Gi mv‡_ Avgvi cwiPq 2001 mv‡jB, PviæKjvq covi ïiæi eQ‡iB| ZLb GKUv ¯^cœ wQ‡jv GB mdUIqv‡i `ÿZv AR©‡bi| wKš‘ mwZ¨Kvi A‡_© RvbZvg bv GB `ÿZvi gvcKwV Avm‡j wK| MZ 10 eQi GB mdUIqviwU e¨envi K‡i AvmwQ| AmsL¨ KvR K‡iwQ Gi gva¨‡g; cÖvwZôvwbK, †ckv`vi, wbixÿvg~jK - me ai‡bi| GLbI cÖwZw`b wkwL, Amvavib wKQz GKUv! Bjv‡÷ªUi g~jZ †f±i GwWwUs mdUIqvi| Avi UvB‡cvMÖvwdi mv‡_ Gi m¤úK© Lye †ewk| Avwg g~jZ eY©gvjvi cy‡iv †mU cÖ_‡g Bjv‡÷ªUi-G ˆZwi K‡i †bB| Gici Ab¨‡Kv‡bv mdUIqv‡i †m¸‡jv mwbœ‡ewkZ Kiv nq|

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Bjv‡÷ªUi-Gi g~j e¨envi wcÖ›U msµvšÍ me Kv‡R| UvB‡cvMÖvwdi m‡e©vËg e¨envi ZvB ejv hvq GLv‡bB| Z‡e evsjvi R‡b¨ GLbI Bjv‡÷ªUi-G †ek wKQz mxgve×Zv Av‡Q| we‡kl K‡i BDwb‡KvW wfwËK evsjv d›U e¨envi GLbI ejv hvq Am¤¢e| GB mxgve×Zv KvUv‡bv †M‡j evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwdi mwZ¨Kviv‡_© GKUv bZzb w`MšÍ D‡¤§vwPZ n‡e| Gi wek` e¨vL¨v d›U msµvšÍ Gi cieZ©x Aa¨v‡q Ki‡ev| Z‡e hZB mxgve×Zv _vKzK Bjv‡÷ªUi MÖvwdK wWRvBbv‡ii me ai‡bi Kv‡Ri Rb¨ me‡P‡q cÖ‡qvRbxq I mnRjf¨ Uzjm|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 45


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d›U j¨ve I d‡›UvMÖvdvi d›Uj¨v‡ei mv‡_ Avgvi fv‡jv cwiPq ÔiweÕi KvR Kivi mgq| GUv mwZ¨Kviv‡_©B Amvavib GKUv mdUIqvi hvi gva¨‡g d›U wbg©v‡bi ïiæ †_‡K GK`g †kl ch©šÍ hZ¸‡jv ce© Av‡Q Zvi me¸‡jvB Kiv hvq| hw` mnR fvlvq GKwU d‡›Ui g~j KvwiMwi w`KwU ej‡Z ejv nq Zvn‡j Avwg ej‡ev †h AvaywbK Kw¤úDUvi wbf©i d‡›Ui wm‡÷‡g cÖwZwU Aÿi‡K wPwýZ Kivi Rb¨ GKwU wbw`©ó b¤^i Av‡Q hv Kw¤úDUv‡ii wK‡evW© †_‡K ïiæ K‡i me wWfvBm Abymib K‡i| Kw¤úDUvi GKwU AvcvZ RwUj c×wZi Q‡Ki gva¨‡g me¸‡jv Aÿi‡K aviY I cwiPvjbv K‡i| d›Uj¨ve I d‡›UvMÖvdv‡ii g‡Zv mdUIqvi¸‡jvi KvR n‡jv †mB QKUv mnRfv‡e GKRb UvB‡cvMÖvdv‡ii mvg‡b Avbv| Avgv‡`i KvR n‡jv GB QK Abyhvwq cÖwZwU Aÿ‡ii wWRvBb emv‡bv| †mBmv‡_ cÖwZwU Aÿ‡ii Pvicv‡ki †¯úm, cieZ©x Aÿ‡ii mv‡_ mshy³ nevi †ÿ‡Î Zvi PwiÎ, `ywU k‡ãi gv‡Si `~iZ¡, `ywU jvB‡bi gv‡Si `~iZ¡ - Gme wba©vib K‡i †`evi my‡hvM _v‡K Gme mdUIqv‡i| GQvov Bjv‡÷ªUi-G †hme KvR mvavibZ Kiv hvq Zv PvB‡j GLv‡bI Kiv m¤¢e| d›Uj¨ve I d‡›UvMÖvdvi hw`I `ywU wfbœ mdUIqvi Z‡e Kv‡Ri w`K w`‡q cÖvq GKB| GK mg‡q Avm‡j d‡›UvMÖvdvi †ewk RbwcÖq wQ‡jv| cieZ©x‡Z d›Uj¨ve Av‡m †ekwKQz mnR myweav wb‡q| eZ©gv‡b `y‡Uv mdUIqviB GKB cÖwZôv‡bi wbqš¿bvaxb| evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwdi †ÿ‡Î Aek¨ GLbI me mdUIqv‡i A‡bK ai‡Yi RwUjZv Av‡Q| hw` Zzjbv Kiv nq Bs‡iwRi mv‡_ Zvn‡j †`Lv hv‡e evsjv d›U K‡qKk ¸Y RwUj| Gi g~j KviY Gi eY©gvjvi cÖvPzh©Zv| nqZ GKw`b GB RwUjZvi wbimb n‡e|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 46


wek¦e¨vwc UvB‡cvMÖvwdi PP©v : g¨vw_D KvU©vi | wek¦ I evsjv G K_v AvaywbK AMÖMwZ fvlvfvwl

A¯^xKv‡ii Dcvq †bB †h evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwdi hZUzKz Zv‡Z Avgiv hviv evsjv Zv‡`i Lye †ewk Ae`vb †bB |

gvB‡µvmd‡Ui c„ô‡cvlKZvq wbwg©Z wewfbœ mdUIqvi I I‡q‡e evsjv cÖ`k©‡bi Rb¨ we‡kl d›U Ôe„›`vÕ|

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Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 47

UvB‡cvMÖvwdi GKRb RxešÍ wKse`šÍx g¨vw_D KvU©vi| wZwb Ggb GKRb UvB‡cvMÖvdvi whwb avZe d›U †_‡K ïiæ K‡i d‡Uv Ges AvaywbK wWwRUvj d›U ch©šÍ me‡ÿ‡ÎB `ÿZvi mv‡_ KvR K‡i‡Qb| †ivgvb eY©gvjvi weL¨vZ cÖvq me¸‡jv d‡›Ui mv‡_B Zvi bvg hy³ Av‡Q| DB‡ÛvR I g¨vK-G e¨eüZ fvi`vbv, Zv‡nvgv, RwR©qv - Gme d‡›Ui m„wó g¨vw_D KvU©v‡ii nv‡Z| †mB mv‡_ c„w_ex weL¨vZ g¨vMvwRb UvBg, wbDR DBK, IqvwksUb †cv÷ †_‡K ïiæ K‡i AviI A‡bK cÖwZôv‡b e¨eüZ d›U Zvi Kiv|


BDwb‡KvW wfwËK evsjv d›U wbg©v‡Yi ixwZ Pvjy nIqvq UvB‡cvMÖvdvi‡`i myweav n‡q‡Q A‡bKw`K †_‡KB| gvB‡µvmd‡Ui ˆZix h_vµ‡g ‡mvbvi evsjv, †mvjvqgvbwjwc I e„›`v d‡›Ui Zzjbvg~jK wPÎ|

evsjv I wek¦: evsjv eY©gvjvi AwffveK †K? Gi DËi †`evi ÿgZv Avgvi †bB| Z‡e Avgv‡`i †`‡k miKvi wbqwš¿Z K‡qKUv ms¯’v Av‡Q hv‡`i bv‡gi mv‡_ evsjv kãUv _vKvq A‡bK mgq g‡b nq nqZ Zviv GKUv w`K wb‡`©kbvi ÿgZv I AwaKvi iv‡L| wKš‘ ev¯ÍweK GiKg †Kv‡bv `„óvšÍ Avgvi †Pv‡L KLbI c‡owb| nqZ Zviv KvR K‡ib - Avgv‡`i gZ mvavibiv Zvi bvMvj cvq bv| GUv mwZ¨ †h QvcvLvbv †_‡K ïiæ K‡i eY©gvjvi D‡¤§‡li BwZnvm hw` Avgiv cwo Zvn‡j †`L‡ev meLv‡bB †Kv‡bv PgKcÖ` Kvwnbxi ga¨ w`‡q Gi weKvk ïiæ n‡qwQ‡jv| ¸‡UbevM©-Gi QvcvLvbv Avwe¯‹v‡ii KviY wQ‡jv wLªóxq †cÖv‡U÷¨v›U bxwZi cÖPvi| Qvcvi Aÿ‡i evsjvi e¨env‡ii cÖ_g Kvib wQ‡jv cÖ_gZ GKRb weªwU‡ki weªwUk we‡ivax gZev` cÖPv‡ii cÖ‡Póv hv Avm‡j †mfv‡e mdjZv cvqwb| Gi c~Y©v½Zv cvq Av‡iKRb weªwU‡ki gva¨‡gB †h F‡Yi `v‡q †R‡j AvUK wQ‡jv Ges Aí mg‡q †ewk DcvR©‡bi fvebv †_‡KB evsjv eY©gvjv‡K Qvcvi ni‡d iƒcvšÍi K‡ib| weªwUk‡`i ivóªxq Kv‡RI †mB QvcvLvbv e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges GiB avivevwnKZvq kÖxivgcyi †cÖ‡mi Rb¥| hviv Rv‡bb Zviv wPšÍv K‡i †`Lyb gvK©mevw` bxwZ cÖPv‡ii R‡b¨ g‡¯‹v I wcwKs-Gi QvcvLvbvi †mme SKS‡K evsjv Aÿ‡ii eBmg~‡ni K_v| Avgvi g‡b nq bv AvR‡Ki UvB‡cvMÖvwdi GB mnR hy‡MI Avgv‡`i evsjv GKv‡Wwg †mB K‡qK `kK Av‡Mi Kiv wfb‡`kx‡`i nv‡Z wbwg©Z †mB gv‡bi GKwU evsjv d›U Kivi †hvM¨Zv iv‡Lb| AvR‡Ki hy‡MI evsjvi DbœwZ mvab n‡”Q GKB cÖwµqvq| GUvi gvcKvwV wbav©iY, w`K wb‡`©kbv Ges m‡e©vcwi c„ô‡cvlKZv hviv Ki‡Qb Zviv †KDB evsjv fvlvfvwl bb| Avgv‡`i evsjv GKv‡WwgI nqZ Gi Rb¨ wKQz KvR Ki‡e hw` GiKg †Kv‡bv we‡`wk ms¯’v †_‡K Aby`vb Av‡m| Kw¤úDUvi wfwËK evsjv d‡›Ui PP©v evsjv‡`‡k Pvjy n‡q‡Q A‡bK Av‡MB| Z‡e mv¤úªwZK mg‡q Avgiv eyS‡Z cviwQ GZw`b Avgv‡`i KvR Pj‡jI mwZ¨Kviv‡_© Avgiv wbR‡`i wcwQ‡q †i‡LwQ A‡bKw`K †_‡K| GKK GKwU wm‡÷‡gi cÖwZ Avgv‡`i wbf©ikxjZv Avgv‡`i UvB‡cvMÖvdvi‡`i AbvMÖnx K‡i‡Q GUv wb‡q KvR Ki‡Z| gvB‡µvmdU weMZ K‡qK eQ‡i A‡bK¸‡jv evsjv d›U wb‡q KvR K‡i‡Q Ges Gi KvwiMwi w`K¸‡jv mevi Rb¨ Db¥y³ K‡i w`‡q‡Q| d‡j Avgvi g‡Zv A‡b‡KB GLb AvMÖnx n‡q‡Q Gi PP©vq| gvB‡µvmdU Zvi me©‡kl Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷‡gi ms¯‹i‡Y bZzbfv‡e `ywU evsjv d‡›Ui ms‡hvRb K‡i‡Q| Ô‡mvbvi evsjvÕ bv‡gi m¤úyb© bZzb GKwU d›U, †mBmv‡_ cy‡iv‡bv Ôe„›`vÕi GKwU DbœZi ms¯‹iY| GQvov evsjvi Rb¨ eûj e¨eüZ Av‡iKwU d›U Ô‡mvjvqgvbwjwcÕ| GBme¸‡jv d›U ïaygvÎ bv›`wbKZvi Rb¨ bq, eis cvV‡hvM¨Zv I wbg©vY †KŠk‡jI Abb¨|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 48


UvB‡cvMÖvdvi KwgDwbwU : BDwb‡KvW WU IAviwR | d›Ukc WU Kg

wbR¯^ GKwU d›U _vKv Avm‡jB A‡bK M‡e©i GKUv e¨vcvi| AbjvB‡b GiKg A‡bK¸‡jv wm‡÷g Av‡Q hvi gva¨‡g Lye mn‡RB wb‡Ri d›U ˆZwi Kiv hvq| d›Uk‡ci d›U÷ªv‡K Kiv Avgvi GKwU Bs‡iwR d‡›Ui bgybv|

UvB‡cvMÖvwd wbg©v‡Yi Lye ¸iæZ¡c~Y© GKwU w`K n‡”Q Gi cixÿvg~jK cÖ‡qvM | we‡kl K‡i evsjv eY©gvjvi †ÿ‡Î GUv AviI Riæix| KviY Gi GZ hy³ e‡Y©i e¨envi †h Zv GKR‡bi c‡ÿ GKev‡i me¸‡jv wgwj‡q †`Lv m¤¢e bv| GKB mv‡_ d‡›Ui evRvi, bZzb bZzb ‡UK‡bvjwR - Gme Av`vb cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ UvB‡cvMÖvdvi‡`i AmsL¨ KwgDwbwU, MÖæc, ms¯’v Av‡Q wek¦e¨vwc| Z‡e I‡qewfwËK KwgDwbwU¸‡jv GLb ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB †ewk RbwcÖq| BDwb‡KvW WU IAviwR: me fvlvi Kw¤úDUvi I I‡qewfwËK mshyw³i Kvi‡Y GKUv wbw`©ó wbqg I bxwZ Abyhvqx UvB‡cvMÖvwdi cÖavb KvwiMwi w`KwU wbqš¿‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨ GB ms¯’vi Rb¥| Avgiv hv‡K BDwb‡KvW d›U ewj Zv Avm‡j GB ms¯’vi wbqg Abyhvqx ˆZwi Kiv QK Abyhvqx Kiv d›U| d›Ukc WU Kg: A‡bK cy‡iv‡bv Ges RbwcÖq GKwU d›U KwgDwbwU mvBU| d›U †Kbv-‡ePv †_‡K ïiæ K‡i Gi wkÿv, cÖwkÿY, wUcm mn AmsL¨ Z_¨ Av‡Q GLv‡b| GB mvB‡Ui Av‡iKwU PgKcÖ` w`K n‡”Q d›U÷ªvK bv‡gi GKwU AbjvBb d›U GwWwUs Uzj hv w`‡q Lye mn‡RB wbR¯^ d›U ˆZwi Kiv hvq| GiKg AviI AmsL¨ KwgDwbwU mvBU _vK‡jI g~jZ Gi me¸‡jvB †ivgvb †Kw›`ªK eY©gvjvi Rb¨| evsjvq Ggb KwgDwbwU mvBU GLbI †mfv‡e Pvjy nqwb| Z‡e Avgvi eY©gvjv WU IAviwR bv‡g GKwU I‡qemvBU Avwg ïiæ K‡iwQ| Avkv Kwi Lye kxNªB Gi cwimi we¯Í…Z n‡e|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 49


mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd - cÖPwjZ evsjv d›U

cÖPwjZ evsjv d›U : Avmw&K | BDwb‡KvW Avm&wK: GK`g mnRfv‡e ej‡Z †M‡j Avgiv hLb Kw¤úDUv‡ii wK‡ev‡W© UvBc Kwi ZLb KZ¸‡jv wmMb¨vj ˆZwi nq hv g~jZ GKUv cÖwµqvi gva¨‡g me‡k‡l gwbU‡i cÖ`wk©Z nq| ïiæi w`‡K hLb Kw¤úDUvi evwYwR¨K AvKv‡i ˆZwi I wewµ ïiæ nq ZLb Gi mv‡_ †h Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g wQ‡jv †m¸‡jv GiKg me©‡gvU 256wU wmMb¨vj Avjv`v Ki‡Z cviZ| GB wmMb¨vj wm‡÷g‡K wfwË K‡i †h d›U g¨vwcs ˆZwi nq Zv‡K Avgiv Avm&wK d›U ewj| Bs‡iwR †_‡K ïiæ K‡i †ivgvb Dr‡mi me¸‡jv fvlvi eY©gvjv‡K GB 256wU wmMb¨v‡ji g‡a¨ mwbœ‡ek Kiv m¤¢e wQ‡jv| wKš‘ evsjvi g‡Zv AviI A‡bK fvlvi eY©gvjv‡K wVK GB 256-i g‡a¨ e¨³ Kiv LyeB KwVb wQ‡jv| g~jZ Bs‡iwR Aÿi¸‡jv‡K evsjv Aÿi w`‡q cÖwZ¯’vcb KivB wQ‡jv GLvbKvi KvR| wKš‘ `yB fvlvi eY©gvjvi msL¨vq KZ cv_©K¨! evsjv eY©gvjv‡K hLb wWwRUvj d›U wn‡m‡e iƒcvšÍi ïiæ nq ZLb GB mxgve×ZvwU me‡P‡q eo evav n‡q `uvovq| GLb ch©šÍ GB mxgve×Zv cy‡ivcywi wKš‘ KvUv‡bv m¤¢e nqwb| Gi mgvav‡b A‡bK¸‡jv UvBwcs Uzj evRv‡i G‡mwQ‡jv| †jLwb, weRq, cÖwkKv, gybxi - G‡`i mevi gv‡S weRq MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv †c‡q‡Q m‡e‡P‡q †ewk| weR‡qi me¸‡jv d›U GB Avm&wK Q‡KB Kiv| A_©vr evsjv ¯^ieY©, e¨ÄbeY©, weivg wPý, msL¨v Ges me ai‡bi hy³e‡Y©i msKzjvb Kiv n‡q‡Q GB 256wU N‡ii g‡a¨| GiRb¨ Zviv Avjv`v GKwU mdUIqvi ˆZwi K‡i‡Q hv KZ¸‡jv wef³ Aÿi‡K mshy³ Ki‡Z cv‡i| cÖwµqvwU A‡bK RwUj Ges GKRb UvB‡cvMÖvdv‡ii Rb¨ weiw³iI e‡U| KviY hy³eY© `ywU e‡Y©i wgwjZ GKwU iƒc n‡jI Zvi Avjv`v GKK GKwU iƒc Av‡Q| †m wn‡m‡e Zvi wWRvBbI Avjv`v| ÔZÕ hw` ÔmÕ-Gi mv‡_ hy³ nq Z‡e Zvi †h iƒc n‡e GKB iƒc ÔbÕ-Gi mv‡_ hy³ n‡j nevi K_v bv| BDwb‡KvW: BDwb‡Kv‡Wi cÖ¯Íve Av‡m 1990 mv‡jB| wKš‘ Acv‡iwUs wm‡÷g¸‡jvi GUv MÖnY I mwbœ‡ekb Ki‡Z †ek K‡qK eQi mgq †j‡M hvq| GLvbKvi g~j K_v n‡”Q cÖwZwU fvlvi cÖwZwU Aÿi GKwU wbR¯^ wmMb¨vj w`‡e hv Ab¨Kv‡iv mv‡_ wgj‡e bv| cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q BDwb‡Kv‡WI me©‡gvU 65536wU wmMb¨vj ˆZwi Ki‡Z cviZ hv c„w_exi GZkZ fvlvi me Aÿ‡ii Rb¨ h‡_ó wQ‡jv bv| BDwb‡Kv‡Wi me©‡kl ms¯‹iY Abyhvqx GLv‡b K‡qK wgwjqb Aÿi‡K ms‡hvRb Kiv m¤¢e| d‡j evsjv hy³eY© hZ¸‡jvB †nvK bv †Kb Zv hy³ Kivi my‡hvM _v‡K AdzišÍ| Avgvi wb‡Ri AwfÁZvq Rvwb me¸‡jv hy³eY© ˆZwi Kiv nqZ mgqmv‡cÿ wKš‘ cy‡iv Kv‡Ri †h djvdj Ges wbðqZv Zv BDwb‡Kv‡W A‡bK †ewk| Avm&wK d›U KLbB mve©Rbxb bv| Gi weKí nqZ GK mgq wKQz wQ‡jv bv| wKš‘ GUvI mwZ¨ †h Gi Dci Avgv‡`i AwZ wbf©iZv Avgv‡`i `„wófw½‡KI mxgve× K‡i †d‡j‡Q| evsjv d‡›Ui fv½v‡Pviv iƒc‡KB GLb Avgiv wVK wn‡m‡e gvwb|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 50


UvB‡cvMÖvdvi - cÖvwZôvwbK - ¯^wkwÿZ

cÖvwZôvwbK : mxgve×Zv | Kv‡Ri cwiwa mxgve×Zv: PviæKjvq Avgiv wKfv‡e UvB‡cvMÖvwd wkwL Zvi GKUv eY©bv BwZg‡a¨ w`‡qwQ| Avgv‡`i wkÿv GKUv wel‡q Avgv‡`i‡K `ÿ K‡i †Zv‡j... KvM‡R Kj‡g d‡›Ui iƒc cwiKíbv Kivq| wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ Avgiv GKRb c~Y©v½ UvB‡cvMÖvdvi n‡Z cvwi bv| GB KvRwU LyeB kÖgmva¨ I Abykxjb wbf©i KvR| cÖwZ eQi PviæKjv †_‡K A‡bK wkÿv_©x GB wel‡q cov‡jLv K‡i †ei n‡jI Kg©Rxe‡b UvB‡cvMÖvwd‡K †ckv wn‡m‡e MÖnY Kivi NUbv LyeB Kg| Avgvi aviYv evsjv‡`‡k Ggb wWRvBbvi nqZ Ly‡RB cvIqv hv‡e bv †h kZfvM †ckv`vi UvB‡cvMÖvdvi| Avgvi g‡Z KZ¸‡jv Kvi‡Y GB AbvMÖn: - evsjv eY©gvjvi we‡klZ¡; Gi wekvjZv, RwUjZv| - ci¤úivMZ PP©vi Afve| Avgv‡`i eY©gvjvi BwZnv‡m Ggb D`vniY Lye KgB cvIqv hvq †hLv‡b evsjv K¨vwjMÖvwd A_ev nv‡Z ˆZwi cyw_‡Z e¨vcKfv‡e evsjvi e¨envi I PP©v n‡”Q| G A‡j †hme cÖfvekvjx ivRv ev`kv GiKg Kv‡Ri c„ô‡cvlKZv K‡iwQ‡jb Zv‡`i meviB AvMÖn wQ‡jv Ab¨ fvlvi w`‡K, Aviwe A_ev dvwm© GiKg fvlvi w`‡K| Avi evsjv‡Z n‡jI †mUv GZ cÖvPxb GKUv iƒc hv Avgv‡`i AwaKvs‡ki Kv‡QB GLb cÖvq AcwiwPZ| - Avgv‡`i eY©gvjv QvcvLvbv, Kw¤úDUvi cÖhyw³ - GiKg bZzb bZzb gva¨‡gi mv‡_ m¤ú„³ nevi Rb¨ †h M‡elYv I cixÿv wbixÿvi `iKvi nq Zv KLbB miKvi ev Ae¨emvwqK †Kv‡bv cÖwZôvb Øviv wbqwš¿Z nqwb| memgq GUv n‡q‡Q e¨emvwqK `„wó‡Kvb †_‡K, e¨emvqx‡`i Øviv| d‡j †hme c×wZ I KvwiMwi w`K Avwe¯‹…Z n‡q‡Q Zv memgqB mvavi‡Yi Kv‡Q cÖKvwkZ wQ‡jv bv| GgbwK Avgv‡`i Ggb †Kv‡bv wkÿv cÖwZôvb †bB †hLv‡b Gme †KŠkj wb‡q c~Y©v½ †Kv‡bv cov‡jLv Av‡Q| - GK_v Ab¯^xKvh© †h evsjv eY©gvjvi KvwiMwi DbœwZ mvab n‡q‡Q we‡`wk‡`i Øviv| ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB GB eY©gvjvi cÖwZ Avgvi †h AwaKvi Zv Aek¨B Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K cÖwZwôZ n‡Z cv‡iwb| Kv‡Ri cwiwa:

PviæKjvi cÖvq cÖ‡Z¨K wkÿv_©x‡`i Kiv d›U wWRvB‡bi me‡P‡q my›`i w`K n‡jv Gi cÖwZwUi gv‡S bZzbZ¡ _v‡K, bv›`wbKZv _v‡K| ïaygvÎ KvwiMwi wKQz mxgve×Zvi Rb¨ cÖwZ eQi Avgv‡`i fvlv GiKg A‡bK¸‡jv d›U nvwi‡q †dj‡Q| Avgvi mncvVx I iwe d‡›U mnKg©x wZivbv Lvb-Gi cÖvwZôvwbK Kv‡Ri Rb¨ Kiv GKwU d‡›Ui bgybv|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 51

Av‡MB ejv n‡q‡Q - PviæKjvq UvB‡cvMÖvwd cov‡bv nq †ek `xN© mgq a‡i, Avgv‡`i †ejvq †mUv Pvi eQi wQ‡jv| GZUv `xN© mgq GB welqUv cov n‡jI ev¯Íe mZ¨ n‡jv Avgv‡`i AwaKvskB GUv‡K AcQ›` K‡i, Ggb GKUv ixwZ Pvjy n‡q †M‡Q †h GUv‡K AcQ›` Ki‡ZB n‡e| Avwg Ggb A‡bK‡K †`‡LwQ hvi UvB‡cvMÖvwd Amvavib my›`i wKš‘ †m wKQz‡ZB GB KvRUv cQ›` Ki‡Z cvi‡Q bv| Avgv‡`i Gme UvB‡cvMÖvdvi †kl ch©šÍ †Kv‡bv GKwU G¨vW G‡Rw݇Z PvKwi wb‡”Qb, Lye †ewk n‡j wb‡Ri d‡›U Bjv‡÷ªªUi-G cvkvcvwk ewm‡q †Kv‡bv †nwWs wWRvBb Ki‡Qb| UvB‡cvMÖvwdi me‡P‡q fv‡jv w`K n‡jv GUv †miKg GKUv gva¨g hv GKevi ˆZwi nevi ci wewfbœ R‡b wewfbœfv‡e e¨env‡ii my‡hvM _v‡K| mvavibZ Avgvi wWRvBb ïay GKev‡ii Rb¨ ev GKUv Kv‡Ri Rb¨B| wKš‘ UvB‡cvMÖvwd evievi e¨env‡ii Rb¨, Avgvi KvR‡K Avjv`v Kivi Rb¨| GKRb wWRvBbvi PvB‡jB Lye mnR wKQz PP©vi gva¨‡g GUv AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡ib|


¯^wkwÿZ : Aby‡cÖiYv | AwfÁZv | AR©b

AåÕi Gev‡ii ms¯‹i‡Yi mv‡_ `ywU d›U cÖKvk Kiv n‡q‡Q - wmqvg iƒcvwj I Kvjcyiæl| `ywU d‡›UiB wbg©vZv Zvbweb Bmjvg wmqvg †h †Kv‡bv iKg cÖvwZôvwbK wkÿv QvovB UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q KvR Ki‡Q AZ¨šÍ mdjZvi mv‡_| h_vµ‡g wmqvg iƒcvwj I Kvjcyiæl d‡›U wewfbœ k‡ãi cixÿvg~jK mwbœ‡ekb|

Aby‡cÖiYv: GKUv mg‡q Avgvi g‡b n‡Zv cÖvwZôvwbK wkÿv Qvov wKfv‡e UvB‡cvMÖvdvi nIqv m¤¢e| wKš‘ ev¯ÍeZvq †`‡LwQ UvB‡cvMÖvwdi cÖwZ `i` Zv‡`iB †ewk hv‡`i cÖvwZôvwbK †Kv‡bv wkÿv †bB GB wel‡q| evsjv‡`‡k cÖPwjZ `ywU me‡P‡q RbwcÖq UvBwcs Uz‡ji D™¢veK I GLb ch©šÍ wbqš¿bKvwi‡`i g‡a¨ †KDB mivmwi G wel‡q cov‡jLv K‡i Av‡mbwb| e¨emvwqK `„wó‡Kvb †_‡K †nvK Avi mvgvwRK `vqe×Zv †_‡K †nvK ev Ab¨ †h‡Kv‡bv Kvi‡YB †nvK bv †Kb ¯^wkwÿZ‡`i Ae`vbB GLv‡b me‡P‡q †ewk| AwfÁZv: m¤úªwZ AåÕi bZzb ms¯‹iY Qvov n‡q‡Q| Gi mv‡_ †hme d›U mshyw³ wn‡m‡e †`qv n‡q‡Q Zvi wbg©vZvi mv‡_ K_v ejwQjvg| evsjv d›U wb‡q wZwb KvR Ki‡Qb AviI K‡qK eQi AvM †_‡K| AåÕi Gi Av‡Mi ms¯‹i‡Yi d›UI ZviB Kiv wQ‡jv| Rvbv‡jb †h cÖvwZôvwbK wkÿvi Afve wZwb †eva K‡ib cÖwZwU ¯Í‡i| KvwiMwi w`K nqZ wZwb Rv‡bb, wKš‘ GKUv d‡›Ui iƒc cwiKíbvq †h †Kv‡bv `k©b _vK‡Z cv‡i Zv nqZ wZwb fv‡jv eyS‡Zb hw` GUv wb‡q Zvi cov‡jLv _vK‡Zv| †Kv‡bv d›U cwiKíbvi Av‡M Zv‡K Ab¨vb¨ d›U A‡bK †`L‡Z nq, †m¸‡jv †_‡K aviYv wb‡Z nq| wKš‘ GKRb cÖvwZôvwb‡Ki Kv‡Q nqZ GB KvRUv Zvi gZ RwUj bq| AR©b: Zvbweb Bmjvg wmqvg bvgwU A‡b‡Ki Kv‡Q cwiwPZ KviY mviv `ywbqv‡Z AåÕi e¨enviKvwi K‡qK jvL| ïaygvÎ GKvMÖZv I cwikÖ‡gi Kvi‡Y Zvi GB AR©b| Avgiv A‡b‡KB nqZ Avgv‡`i wkÿv wb‡q AnsKvi Kwi, wKš‘ wK jvf Av‡Q †mB wkÿvi hv ev¯ÍweK †Kv‡bv Kv‡R jv‡M bv|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 52


evsjv UvBc Kivi gva¨g -

weRq Aå ¸Mj, gvB‡µvmdU AvBGgB Ab¨vb¨

weRq: m‡›`n †bB weRq Kw¤úDUvi wfwËK evsjv e¨env‡ii me‡P‡q RbwcÖq mdUIqvi| me ai‡Yi miKvwi cÖwZôvb †_‡K ïiæ K‡i evwYwR¨K, e¨w³MZ hZ †ÿ‡Î Kw¤úDUvi wfwËK evsjvi e¨envi Av‡Q †mLv‡bB weR‡qi Dcw¯’wZ| Avgv‡`i evsjv GKv‡Wwg hvi gva¨‡g evsjv eY©gvjvwfwËK Gme Kvh©µ‡gi wbqš¿Y nevi K_v wQ‡jv ZvivI weRq e¨envi K‡ib Ges Gi e¨wZµg Ab¨wKQz †h n‡Z cv‡i GUv m¤¢Z Zviv wPšÍvI Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv| weRq g~jZ 256wU Aÿiwewkó Avm&wK d›U e¨env‡ii GKwU mdUIqvi| eZ©gv‡b hw`I BDwb‡KvW d›U e¨env‡ii Rb¨ GKwU m¤úªmvwiZ iƒc Av‡Q wKš‘ Gi g~j, Gi RbwcÖqZv H Avm&wK d›U e¨env‡ii Rb¨| Avgiv mPivPi †hme mdUIqvi e¨envi Kwi Zvi g‡a¨ AwaKvskB BDwb‡KvW wfwËK d›U mv‡cvU© Ki‡jI wWRvBbvi‡`i Rb¨ Lye ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Bjv÷ªUi, d‡Uvkc ev Gi mv‡_ m¤úK©hy³ Ab¨vb¨ K‡qKwU mdUIqvi Zv K‡i bv| m¤úªwZ G‡`i G‡Kev‡i bZzb ms¯‹i‡Y BDwb‡Kv‡Wi mv‡cvU© _vK‡jI KZ¸‡jv mgm¨v i‡qB †M‡Q| d‡j wWRvBbvi‡`i evsjv †jLvi Rb¨ weRq e¨envi Ki‡ZB nq| weR‡qi A‡bK¸‡jv RbwcÖq d›U Av‡Q| Gig‡a¨ myZwš^, KY©dzwj, wiw¼, Ksk, P›`ªveZx D‡jøL‡hvM¨| Gme g~jZ Kvi wWRvBb Zv wbY©q Kiv KwVb| KviY me¸‡jv d‡›Ui bv‡gi mv‡_ weR‡qi g~j KY©av‡ii bvg hy³ Av‡Q Ges GUvI wVK †h wZwb G¸‡jv wb‡R ˆZwi K‡ibwb| PviæKjvi `yÕGKRb‡K ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h Zviv weR‡qi d›U wb‡q KvR K‡ib| wKš‘ Gig‡a¨ ¯^”Q †Kv‡bv Z_¨ Avm‡j †bB| Abv‡m© 3q e‡l© _vKvKvjxb weRq †_‡K Avwg cÖ¯Íve †c‡qwQjvg †`Lv Kivi Rb¨| wKš‘ Avgvi cwiwPZRbiv mevB wb‡la K‡i‡Q|

Avw¯‹ wK-g¨vc Abyhvwq 256wU ¯’v‡bi g‡a¨ me¸‡jv Aÿi‡K msKzjvb Kivi Rb¨ weRq‡Z A‡bK¸‡jv Aÿi‡K UzK‡iv Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges G¸‡jvi gva¨‡g hy³eY© mg~n ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q| d›Uj¨v‡ei GwWwUs c¨v‡b‡j weR‡qi me‡P‡q RbwcÖq GKwU d›U ÔKY©dzwjÕi web¨vm|

weR‡qi A‡bK¸‡jv ms¯‹iY evRv‡i cÖPwjZ Av‡Q| weRq GKz‡k Zv‡`i mv¤úªwZK GKUv ms¯‹iY hv AvwgI e¨envi Kwi| ms¯‹iY Abyhvwq Gi d›U wK-g¨v‡cI LvwbKUv cwieZ©b Av‡Q| iweÕi d›U K‡iwQjvg Avwg weRq GKz‡kÕi Av`‡j| cieZ©x‡Z GiRb¨ Avgv‡K A‡bK aKj mB‡Z n‡q‡Q| KviY evsjv‡`‡k Gi cy‡iv‡bv ms¯‹iY¸‡jv †ewk P‡j| Gi cy‡iv‡bv fvm©b¸‡jv wd« cvIqv †M‡jI bZzb fvm©¸‡jv wK‡b e¨envi Ki‡Z nq| ejv hvq weRq evsjv‡`‡ki me‡P‡q e¨emv mdj mdUIqvi| Gi wK‡evW© †jAvDU c¨v‡U›U Kiv‡bv Ges Gi Kvi‡Y Gi e¨emvI GK‡PwUqv| Gi d‡›Ui wK-g¨vc RwUj nIqv‡Z UvB‡cvMÖvdviivI G‡K fq cvb| d‡j †KD hw` d›U wbg©vY Ki‡Z Pvq Zvn‡j Zv‡`i Kv‡QB †h‡Z nq| Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 53


BDwb‡KvW wfwËK d›U mv‡cvU© Kivq Aå‡Z UvBc Kiv †U·U-G eY©gvjvi iƒ‡ci gvb A‡bK DbœZ _v‡K| KviY †Kv‡bv LwÛZ Aÿ‡ii mgš^‡q GLv‡b hy³eY© nq bv| cÖwZwU AÿiB GLv‡b Avjv`vfv‡e wWRvBb Kiv| d›Uj¨v‡ei GwWwUs c¨v‡b‡j GKwU BDwb‡KvW d›U hv‡K mvavibZ Avgiv Av`k© wn‡m‡e Abymib Kwi|

Aå: Ôfvlv †nvK Db¥y³Õ- GB †køvMvb wb‡q AåÕi AMÖhvÎv| GwU wd«, mevi Rb¨ Db¥y³ - Gi †KŠkj| Gi d›U †h‡KD evbv‡Z cv‡ib, Gi DbœwZ‡Z †h‡KD KvR Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Aå BDwb‡KvW wfwËK evsjv d›U mv‡cvU© K‡i| †mB mv‡_ cÖPwjZ evsjvi Avm&wK d›UI mv‡cvU© K‡i| 2003-G AåÕi hvÎv ïiæ| GLb ch©šÍ Gi †ek K‡qKwU ms¯‹iY cÖKvk Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB Awfm›`f© †jLvi †cQ‡b Gi wbg©vZv‡`i A‡bK Ae`vb Av‡Q| g~jZ wZbRb wb‡ew`Z cÖvY Ziæ‡Yi nvofv½v cwikÖ‡gi dj GB mdUIqviwU| Gimv‡_ †Kv‡bv iK‡gi e¨emvwqK welq RwoZ bq| evsjv fvlvfvwliv †hb GKUv mnR, mij Ges DrK…ó gva¨‡g Z_¨ cÖhyw³i GB w`KUvq evsjv‡K e¨envi Ki‡Z cv‡i GUvB Zv‡`i g~jgš¿| Aå‡Z g~jZ †dv‡bwUK c×wZ‡Z UvBc Kiv hvq| GB c×wZ‡Z GKwU evsjv k‡ãi D”Pvib Bs‡iwR‡Z wjL‡j IUv evsjvq iƒcvšÍwiZ n‡q hvq| cÖv_wgK ch©v‡q GB avibvwU‡K A‡bK mgv‡jvPbv Kiv n‡jI GLb GUv e¨vcK RbwcÖq n‡q D‡V‡Q| GKUv mg‡q ejv n‡Zv †h Gigva¨‡g Avm‡j evsjv‡K Aeg~j¨vqb Kiv n‡”Q| wKš‘ mwZ¨Kviv‡_© Gi e¨env‡ii d‡j evsjvi e¨envi K‡qK nvRvi ¸‡Y †e‡o‡Q| GKUv mgq wQ‡jv Kw¤úDUv‡i evsjv wjL‡Z cviv Avjv`v iK‡gi GKUv †hvM¨Zv| Avi GB †hvM¨Zv AR©‡bi cÖwµqv GZUvB RwUj wQ‡jv †h AwaKvskB Zv AR©b Ki‡Z PvBZ bv| cieZ©x‡Z wewfbœ †hvMv‡hvM gva¨‡g Bs‡iwR‡Z evsjvi D”Pvi‡bi ixwZ‡K a‡i GB c×wZi Avwef©ve| GKUv mgq ch©šÍ Aå †Z †dv‡bwUK-Gi cvkvcvwk cÖPwjZ AviI K‡qKwU wK-‡jAvD‡U UvBc Kiv †hZ| wKš‘ mv¤úªwZK mg‡qi KZ¸‡jv weZ‡K©i †cÖwÿ‡Z Zviv Gev‡ii ms¯‹i‡Y K‡qKwU wK-‡jAvDU ev` w`‡q‡Q|

AåÕi mvd‡j¨i KviY n‡jv Gi mvij¨ I †mevg~jK gvbwmKZv| AåÕi mvij¨ I ¯^KxqZv cÖKvkK †jv‡Mv|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 54

mwZ¨K_v Avwg g‡bcÖv‡Y Aå-i GKRb ïfvKv•Lx| BDwb‡KvW wfwËK d‡›Ui wKQz e¨envi Dc‡hvwMZvi cÖkœ GLbI i‡q †M‡Q| †m¸‡jvi mgvavb n‡e kxNªB| Avwg Rvwb Gici n‡e AåÕi hyM|


Avwg e¨w³MZfv‡e ¸Mj AvBGgB wU cQ›` Kwi| Gi fveUv Ggb †h A‡bK mgq Avgvi gvbwmKZv GUv co‡Z cv‡i| Avwg †Kvb kãwU wjL‡Z Pvw”Q wKfv‡e Rvwb GUv Aÿi †jLvi mv‡_ mv‡_B GUv eyS‡Z cv‡i| gvB‡µvmdU IqvW©-G ¸Mj AvBGgB-i e¨envi|

¸Mj, gvB‡µvmdU AvBGgB: ¸Mj cwiPvwjZ wR‡gBj-G evsjvq †gBj †jLvi myweav †`qvi gva¨‡g ¸Mj AvBGgB-i Avwef©ve| GK wn‡m‡e evsjvq †jLvi mnRZg Dcvq GwU| Gi KvwiMwi myweav n‡”Q Bs‡iwR D”Pvi‡Y †Kv‡bv evsjv kã †jLv ïiæ Ki‡jB GB wm‡÷gwU Zvi ÷K k‡ãi mv‡_ wgjv‡bv ïiæ K‡i Ges Gi mv‡Rkb w`‡Z _v‡K| d‡j AwaKvsk †ÿ‡Î GKwU k‡ãi gvÎ `ywU Aÿi wj‡LI DwÏó kãwU cvIqv m¤¢e| D`vniY¯^iƒc ÔAvgviÕ †jLvi D‡Ï‡k¨ hw` Avwg G Gg... GZUzKzB †jwL Zvn‡j Gi wb‡P mv‡Rkb P‡j Avm‡e Avm‡j Avwg wK Avgvi wjL‡Z PvB, bvwK Agi wjL‡Z PvB ev GiKg Av‡iv KZ¸‡jv mv‡Rkb| Avwg hZB c~Y©v½ kãwUi KvQvKvwQ ne, mv‡Rkb ZZB mywbw`©ó n‡q Avm‡e| Gi GKUv mgm¨vI Av‡Q| mvavibZ eûj e¨eüZ kãmg~n ¸Mj mevi Av‡M cÖ`k©b K‡i| †m‡ÿ‡Î GKUz AcwiwPZ ev AvÂwjK ev wb‡Ri g‡Zv †Kv‡bv kã wjL‡Z n‡j LvwbK Mj`Ng© n‡Z nq| Z‡e GUv wbwðZ †h GK mg‡q Aek¨B DwÏó kãwU †jLv m¤¢e n‡e| gvB‡µvmdU wbwg©Z AvBGgB-I GKB c×wZ‡Z KvR K‡i Ges Gi e¨enviI cÖvq GKB iKg| RbwcÖqZvi w`K †_‡K `yUvB cÖvq mgvb mgvb| Ab¨vb¨: evsjv d›U wWwRUvj hy‡M cÖ‡e‡ki ci A‡bK¸‡jv UvBwcs wm‡÷g evRv‡i G‡m‡Q| Z‡e G¸‡jvi me¸‡jvB wQ‡jv Avm&wK d›U wbf©i weRq Abyiƒc G‡KKUv mdUIqvi| GKUv mgq †M‡Q hLb cÖ_g mdUIqvi evbv‡bvi aviYv evsjv‡`‡k G‡m‡Q †m mg‡q AwaKvsk cy‡iv‡bv mdUIqvi wbg©vZv cÖwZôvb Zv‡`i KvR ïiæ K‡iwQ‡jv GKUv UvBwcs Uzj ˆZwii gva¨‡g| Avgiv A‡bK¸‡jv UvBwcs Uzj-Gi bvg ej‡Z cvwi hvi AwaKvskB GLb Avi †Zgb e¨envi nq bv| Ô†jLwb Õ Gig‡a¨ Ab¨Zg GKwU hv GLbI wKQz wKQz †ÿ‡Î e¨eüZ n‡”Q| GQvov cÖeZ©bv, Avíbvmn Ggb A‡bK¸‡jv mdUIqvi wQ‡jv hv ïaygvÎ e¨w³MZ D‡`¨v‡M ˆZwi n‡qwQ‡jv Ges Zviv Gi evwYwR¨K cÖPvi bv K‡i mvavibZ miKvwi †emiKvwi cÖwZôv‡b evsjv †jLvi mgvavb wn‡m‡e wewµ Ki‡Zv| Z‡e †kl ch©šÍ weRq-B Avm&wK d›U UvBc Uzj wn‡m‡e cÖfve LvwU‡q wU‡K Av‡Q| Aek¨ GLb BDwb‡Kv‡Wi RbwcÖqZvi Rb¨ UvBwcs Uz‡ji e`‡j d›U evbv‡bvi w`‡K g‡bv‡hvM †ewk evo‡Q|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 55


fwel¨Z fvebv -

evsjv d‡›Ui PP©v KvwiMwi DrKl©Zv KiYxq Avgvi c_Pjv

evsjv d‡›Ui PP©v: evsjv d‡›Ui †bZ…Z¡ †KD bv †KD wb‡eB| GUv k~Y¨ _vKvi welq bv| c„w_ex Ry‡o evsjv fvlvfvwli msL¨v A‡bK| GLv‡b evRvi Av‡Q, evwYR¨ Av‡Q| GKUv mg‡q aviYv Kiv n‡qwQ‡jv Bs‡iwRi †Zv‡o nqZ c„w_exi A‡bK fvlvB nvwi‡q hv‡e| wKš‘ †mme fvebv GLb AZxZ| evsjvq cÖPvibvi msL¨v †e‡o‡Q, cwÎKvi msL¨v †e‡o‡Q, e¨vcK nv‡i †e‡o‡Q I‡q‡e evsjvi e¨envi| Av‡M hZRb †jvK evsjvq UvBc Ki‡Zv Zvi †P‡q GLb eû¸Y †ewk †jvK Zv Ki‡Q| cÖwZw`bB evo‡Q Gi cÖmvi| GKB mv‡_ wek¦e¨vcx me eûRvwZK cÖwZôvb¸‡jv GLb AvÂwjKZvi w`‡K SzK‡Q| evsjv‡`k mew`K †_‡KB m¤¢vebvq| GLv‡b Rb‡Mvôx wekvj, Zv‡`i evRviI A‡bK we¯Í…Z| weMZ K‡qK eQ‡i evsjv‡`‡k cÖPvi gva¨‡gi msL¨v I e¨envi †e‡o‡Q K‡qK ¸Y| GB aviv Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e AviI wKQz eQi| bZzb A‡bK aviYv evRv‡i G‡m‡Q, mvg‡b AviI Avm‡e| GLb †`Lvi welq Avgiv wKfv‡e GB P¨v‡jÄ MÖnY Ki‡ev| evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwdi A‡bK w`‡K DbœwZ mva‡bi cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q| Gi wekvj Rb‡Mvôx‡K wkwÿZ Kiv †hgb GKwU RwUj KvR, †Zgwb wkÿvi DcKiY mg~n mnRjf¨ Kiv AviI KwVb KvR| m¤úªwZ Avwg GKUv I‡qemvBU †`Ljvg evsjvq MwYZ wb‡q me ai‡bi Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨| Avwg LyeB Avkvev`x GB avivq Avgv‡`i DbœwZ‡Z| KviY Lye mnRfv‡eB ejv hvq GB ai‡Yi I‡qemvBU GKwU eB‡qi †P‡q A‡bK mn‡R A‡bK †ewk Z_¨eûj I DcKvwi Kiv m¤¢e| ‡h hvB ejyK, Gme cwieZ©b AviI Avm‡e| evsjv evbvb ixwZ‡Z †hgb GKUv Avg~j cwieZ©b G‡m‡Q, evsjv eY©gvjv‡ZI Avm‡e| Avwg wek¦vm Kwi G‡K mnRZi Kivi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Lye kxNªB Avek¨K n‡q `uvov‡e| GB mZ¨ Avgiv hZ Av‡M gvb‡Z cvie, Avgiv GwM‡q _vKe ZZ †ewk| KvwiMwi DrKl©Zv: evsjv d›U GKUv †ÿ‡Î GLbI †mfv‡e cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z cv‡iwb - Zv n‡jv †gvevBj mdUIqv‡i| GK`g †h wKQzB nqwb Zv bv, wKš‘ GKUv e¨vcK m¤¢vebv i‡q †M‡Q| ‡h‡nZz †gvevBj GLb cÖvq mevi nv‡Zi bvMv‡j †m‡nZz GUv‡K me e¨vcv‡i DcKvwi Kivi Rb¨ m‡Pó Gi wbg©vZv †_‡K ïiæ K‡i we‡µZv, e¨enviKvix mevB| AwZ m¤úªwZ we‡k¦i me‡P‡q RbwcÖq AvB‡dv‡bi mv‡_ evsjv d›U hy³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB d‡›Ui wWRvBb GZB Amvavib †h Gi cvV‡hvM¨Zv †_‡K ïiæ K‡i Gi MVb I Dc¯’vcbvi gvb AZx‡Zi me †iKW©‡K Qvwo‡q †M‡Q| GB d‡›Ui d‡j AvB‡dvb †_‡K evsjv BDwb‡Kv‡W wbwg©Z me I‡qemvBU †`Lv hvq, evsjv wfwËK †Kv‡bv A¨vwcø‡Kkb Kiv n‡j Zvi †ÿ‡ÎI GUv mv‡cvU© Ki‡e|

‡gvevB‡j mvavibZ Avgiv †h‡Kv‡bv Aÿi A‡bK †QvU †`wL| †m wn‡m‡e evsjv eY©gvjv †gvevB‡j ¯^”Q I cwi¯‹vifv‡e †`Lv‡bv LyeB kÖgmva¨ I KwVb GKUv KvR| AvB‡dv‡bi evsjv d›U Gw`K †_‡K GKK_vq Amvavib| AvB‡dv‡b evsjv‡`‡ki me‡P‡q RbwcÖq BDwb‡KvW wfwËK evsjv I‡qemvBU cÖ_g Av‡jvi GKwU cvZvi bgybv|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 56

mvg‡bi †h mgqUv Zv Avm‡j GiKg Av‡iv AmsL¨fv‡e KvwiMwi DrKl©Zv jv‡fi mgq| evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q Avgv‡`i miKvi ev bxwZwba©viK‡`i †Kv‡bv gv_v e¨_v nqZ †bB| wKš‘ weÁv‡bi hZ cÖmvi n‡”Q fvlvi DbœwZI Gi mv‡_ m¤úK©hy³| evsjvI DbœZ n‡e, Avgiv wKQz bv Ki‡jI n‡e| wKš‘ evsjv fvlvfvwl wn‡m‡e GB fvlvi cÖwZ †h AwaKvi I `vqe×Zv Zv nqZ cvjb Kiv n‡e bv| GK_v mwZ¨ †h Avgiv Gi DbœwZ‡Z KvR Ki‡Z bv cvi‡jI Gi mg„w×i w`K¸‡jv wKš‘ †kl ch©šÍ wVKB e¨envi Ki‡ev| Zv‡Z hw` Avgv‡`i AvZ¥m¤§vb †ev‡a GKUz ev‡a Zvn‡j nqZ Avgiv wKQz Kivi ¯ú„nv cve|


KiYxq: civgk© hw` KvD‡K †`B Z‡e hviv AvMvwg‡Z Avm‡Q Zv‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ ej‡ev| hviv BwZg‡a¨ UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q KvR Ki‡Qb Zviv Gi hy‡Mi nvIqv Rv‡bb, †ev‡Sb| wKš‘ Avgv‡`i hviv wkÿv_©x Zv‡`i Rb¨ GKUv my¯úó jÿ¨ †`Lv‡bv DwPZ| GUv mwZ¨ †h UvB‡cvMÖvwd‡K GKgvÎ †ckv wn‡m‡e †bqvi gZ Ae¯’v G‡`‡k GLbI Av‡mwb| nqZ AviI K‡qK eQi jvM‡e GUv Pvjy n‡Z| wKš‘ mwZ¨ K_v n‡jv Avgv‡`i cÖ¯‘wZi mv‡_ wbf©i Ki‡Q Gi AMÖhvÎv| Avgv‡`i Lye Kg gvby‡li aviYv Av‡Q Gfv‡e evsjv eY©gvjv ˆZwi Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i, †mUvi evwYwR¨K e¨envi n‡Z cv‡i, †mUv e¨env‡ii gva¨‡g jvfevb nIqv m¤¢e| hviv cÖvwZôvwbK wkÿvi evB‡i GUv wb‡q KvR Ki‡Qb Zv‡`i Gi cÖwZ Avjv`v `i` Av‡Q, AvMÖn Av‡Q| Gme bZzbZ¡ †LuvRvi e¨vcv‡i hv LyeB ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| Avgvi g‡Z PviæKjvq Avgiv hv cwo Zvi mv‡_ KZ¸‡jv ïay aviYv GB gyn~Z© †_‡KB AšÍf©y³ nIqv cÖ‡qvRb hv GLvbKvi wkÿv_©x‡`i AvMÖnx Ki‡e UvB‡cvMÖvwd‡K †ckv wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv Kivi: -

evsjv d‡›Ui DbœwZi A‡bK¸‡jv w`K evwK Av‡Q Gi †bZ…Z¡ GLvb †_‡KB w`‡Z n‡e GLvbKvi wkÿv_©x‡`i GB ÿgZv Av‡Q GUv GKUv cÖej m¤¢vebvgq †ÿÎ

Avwg Rvwb Avgv‡`i covi c×wZ ivZvivwZ cwieZ©b Kiv m¤¢e bv| wKš‘ PvB‡j Avgiv Avgv‡`i wkÿv_©x‡`i gv‡S †mB wek¦vmUvi Rb¥ w`‡q w`‡Z cvwi hv Zv‡K DØy× Ki‡e Luy‡R wb‡Z Gi hveZxq mgvavb| Avgvi c_Pjv: UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q Avgvi c_Pjv ïiæ n‡q‡Q 2002 †_‡K| e¨vcK PP©v bv _vK‡jI Gi cÖwZ fv‡jvjvMv cÖ_g †_‡KB wQ‡jv| Abv‡m©i PzovšÍ cixÿvi Av‡MB Avwg GiKg wm×všÍ †bB †h gv÷v‡m© Avwg UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q Avjv`vfv‡e M‡elYvg~jK wKQz Ki‡ev| XvKv wek¦we`¨vj‡q UvB‡cvMÖvwd Avjv`v welq bv n‡jI c„w_exi A‡bK¸‡jv †`‡k G wb‡q m¤ú~Y© Avjv`v cov‡jLv Av‡Q| Gi K‡qKwU wek¦we`¨vj‡q Avwg †hvMv‡hvMI K‡iwQjvg| wKš‘ mwZ¨K_v n‡jv Zviv evsjv eY©gvjv wb‡q Lye GKUv AvMÖnx nqwb| mvavibZ Gme wek¦we`¨vj‡q Bs‡iwR eY©gvjv wb‡q PP©v‡K DrmvwnZ Kiv nq| GB Awfm›`f© iPbvi †cQ‡b KZ¸‡jv †jv‡Ki mivmwi Drmvn wQ‡jv| we‡kl K‡i evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q hviv wbqwgZ KvR K‡ib Zviv mevB e‡j‡Qb GiKg wKQz GKUv n‡j AšÍZ Zv‡`i Avk¦vm wgj‡e †h UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q Zv‡`i evB‡iI cÖvwZôvwbK GKUv PP©v GLv‡b Av‡Q hv nqZ Avgv‡`i UvB‡cvMÖvwdi fwel¨Z‡K wbivc` Ki‡e| Avgvi B”Qv Av‡Q mvg‡b GKUv cÖ`k©bx Kivi| evsjv eY©gvjv wb‡q cÖ_g cÖ`k©bx nqZ †mUv n‡e| AšÍZ 10wU e¨envi Dc‡hvMx d›U Ges wKfv‡e G¸‡jv Kiv n‡q‡Q Zvi wbg©vY †KŠk‡ji cÖ`k©bx n‡e Zv| Avgiv mv‡_ GKB D‡Ï‡k¨ KvR Ki‡Q Avgvi Av‡iK eÜz hvi Kvi‡Y Avgvi GB fvebvwU ev¯Íem¤§Z g‡b n‡”Q| GB Awfm›`f© †jLvi †cQ‡b GUvI GKUv Ab¨Zg KviY wQ‡jv| GLvbKvi GB K_v ejv Avgvi B”Qv I Aby‡cÖiYv‡K AviI mymsnZ K‡i‡Q|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 57


†¯‹PeyK †_‡K cÖvwZôvwbK wkÿv I ev¯Íe KvR †_‡K AwR©Z AwfÁZv wb‡q Pj‡Q Avgvi cieZ©x cwiKíbv| UvB‡cvMÖvwd wb‡q Avgvi GB cwiKíbvi memg‡qi m½x n‡”Q Avgvi †¯‹PeyK| (Dci †_‡K bxP, ev‡g †_‡K Wv‡b...) 1. evsjv eY©gvjvq Avj¼vwiK ˆewkó¨ †`qvUv Avm‡jB GKUz KwVb KvR| KviY g~j Aÿimg~‡n GUv Kiv †M‡jI hy³vÿ‡ii †ejvq GUv iÿv Kiv KwVb| 2. e¨Äbe‡Y©i GKwU c~Y©v½ †mU| Gi †_‡K wbwg©Z d›U wb‡q Av‡jvPbv K‡iwQ Awfm›`‡f©i ïiæi w`‡K| 3. iwe d‡›Ui g~j Dc¯’vcbvi AvM gyn~‡Z© `xN© A‡cÿvi mgq Kiv GKwU †¯‹P| 4. †ckv`vi Kv‡Ri Ask wn‡m‡e Kiv GKwU UvB‡cvMÖvwdK †jv‡Mvi †jAvDU|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 58


wc‡·j n‡”Q Kw¤úDUvi cwifvlvq cwigv‡ci GKwU ÿz`ªZg GKK| wWwRUvj wWRvB‡bi A‡bKUv Ask Ry‡o Av‡Q GB wc‡·jwfwËK wWRvBb| Bs‡iwR‡Z AmsL¨ wc‡·jwfwËK d›U _vK‡jI evsjvq GUv Kiv A‡bKUv Am¤¢e| (Dci †_‡K bxP...) 1. MÖvd †ccv‡ii ÿz`ªZg Ni‡K wc‡·j wn‡m‡e a‡i Kiv evsjv eY©gvjvi KZ¸‡jv Aÿi| 2. GKwU wc‡·jwfwËK Bs‡iwR d‡›Ui bgybv I †mBmv‡_ wc‡·j wWRvBb|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 59


wbqwgZ PP©vi me‡P‡q myweavi w`K n‡jv Gme ÿz`ªZg WªBs-I A‡bK mgq Lye fv‡jv I eo †Kv‡bv bZzb‡Z¡i g~j wfwË n‡q hvq| Avwg †Póv Kwi Avgvi †¯‹Pey‡K ‡h‡Kv‡bv avibv wj‡L ivLvi| GUvI GKUv LyeB djcÖmy PP©v| (Dci †_‡K bxP...) 1. GKwU bZzb d‡›Ui cwiKíbv| 2. GB Awfm›`f© cwiKíbvi GK`g cÖ_g w`‡bi QK| mwZ¨K_v n‡jv Ny‡iwd‡i Avgvi †mB cÖ_gw`‡bi fvebvB cÖwZwôZ n‡q‡Q cy‡iv Awfm›`f© Ry‡o| 3. Av‡iKwU bZzb d‡›Ui cwiKíbv I Zzjbvg~jK hvPvB| 4. GB Awfm›`f© cwiKíbvi mv‡_ Kiv Gi g~j bvgKiY I Zvi d›U ÷vBj|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 60


Dcmsnvi

GB Awfm›`f© †jLvi cwiKíbv `yB eQi Av‡Mi| welqI Avwg wba©vib K‡i †i‡LwQjvg †mB ïiæ †_‡K| GKv‡WwgK wbqg Abyhvqx wel‡q GKUy fvlvMZ cwieZ©b n‡jI g~‡j †mB wPšÍvi welqwUB cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| Avwg Lywk GUv m¤úbœ Ki‡Z †c‡i| wKš‘ GKUv e¨vcv‡i Avd‡mvm _vK‡jv - hZB c~e© cwiKwíZ †nvK bv †Kb, Zvovûov Avgv‡K Ki‡ZB n‡jv| A‡bKwKQz †f‡ewQjvg GLv‡b †hvM Ki‡ev - wKš‘ nqwb| Avevi A‡bK wKQz fvwewb - wKš‘ wKfv‡e †hb P‡j G‡m‡Q GLv‡b! UvB‡cvMÖvwd Avgvi cQ›`| Avwg Rvwb bv Avgvi KvR KZUv gvbm¤úbœ, wKš‘ Avwg GUv cQ›` Kwi| Avgvi A‡bK mxgve×Zv Avwg Rvwb †h¸‡jv A‡bK mgq ïay Avgvi GB fv‡jvjvMv w`‡q AwZµg Kivi †Póv Kwi| Avgvi Pvicv‡k hviv Av‡Qb Zviv GUv Rv‡bb, Avgv‡K mg_©bI K‡ib| GB cy‡iv Awfm›`f© Ry‡o Avgvi †h Av‡jvPbv Zv Lye †ewk cyw_MZ wKQz bv| mwZ¨ ej‡Z Lye eo †Kv‡bv eB Avwg cwowb, w`‡bi ci w`b jvB‡eªix‡ZI e‡m _vwKwb| GLv‡b Avgvi hv e³e¨ Zv Avgvi avibv, Avgvi wek¦vm, Avgvi AwfÁZv| †m wn‡m‡e Avwg Rvwb GLv‡b Am½wZ, Av‡e‡Mi AwZ cÖKvk - GiKg ÎæwU Av‡Q| PviæKjvi cvV †kl| GLb cy‡iv`‡g Kg©Rxe‡bi cvV ïiæ n‡e| Avgvi ¯^w¯Í LvwbKUv GB †f‡e †h Avwg †h KvR KiwQ Zvi MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv Av‡Q Avgvi Kg© cwim‡iI| Avgvi g‡Z GUv LyeB ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| Avgvi wek¦vm Avgvi GB fv‡jvjvMvi PP©v Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e| ‡mB mv‡_ UvB‡cvMÖvwdi PP©vI evsjv‡`‡k Ae¨vnZ _vK‡e| ab¨ev`|

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 61


cwiwkó - Z_¨m~Î - evsjvq D”PvwiZ Bs‡iwR kã - Rxeb e„ËvšÍ

Z_¨m~Î:

evsjvq DPvwiZ Bs‡iwR kã:

- UvB‡cvMÖvwd I Gi h_vh_ e¨envi, gvKmy`yi ingvb - h_vµ‡g †gv. BDbym I gvKmy`yi ingvb m¨v‡ii K¬vk †jKPvi

- UvB‡cvMÖvwd : typography - UvB‡cvMÖvwdK : typographic - UvB‡cvMÖvdvi : typographer - MÖvwdK wWRvBb : graphic design - AvwRqvUv : axiata - ¸Mj : google Ñ eª¨vwÛs : branding Ñ G‡Wvwe : adobe - Bjv‡÷ªUi : illustrator - d‡Uvkc : fontshop Ñ d›U : font Ñ †¯úm : space - ¯‹¨vb: scan - ‡f±i : vector - I‡qemvBU : website - cøvUdg© : platform - †UªBwbs : training - g¨vbyqvj : manual - †UKwbKvj : technical - †jv‡Mv : logo - †cv÷vi : poster - †nwWs : heading - wej‡evW© : billboard - wjd‡jU : leaflet - Avm&wK : ascii - BDwb‡KvW : unicode - †jAvDU : layout - d›Uj¨ve : fontlab - d‡›UvMÖvdvi : fontographer - g¨vw_D KvU©vi : matthew carter - fvi`vbv : verdana - RwR©qv : georgia - Zv‡nvgv : tahoma - e„›`v : vrinda - d›U÷ªv±: fontstuct - DB‡ÛvR : windows - g¨vK : mac - mdUIqvi : software - ‡dv‡bwUK : phonetic - fvm©b : version - UvBwcs : typing - Uzj : tool - AvBGgB : ime - Acv‡iwUs : operating - wm‡÷g : system - eøM : blog

-

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 63

www.wikipedia.org www.unicode.org www.monotypeimaging.com www.logos.com www.amarbornomala.org www.omicronlab.com


†gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv muhammad nazimuddaula

Rxeb e„ËvšÍ: Rb¥: 13 Rvbyqvwi 1983, iscyi evev-gv: ‡gvnv¤§` wjqvKZ Avjx bvwM©m †eMg ‰cZ…K wbevm: cvjcvov, Bmjvgcyi, jÿxcyi

cÖv_wgK wkÿv: 1988 - 1989 : DËg miKvix cÖv_wgK we`¨vjq, iscyi 1990 - 1991 : cvjcvov miKvix cÖv_wgK we`¨vjq, jÿxcyi D”P we`¨vjq: 1992 - 1992 : cvjcvov wW.Gg D”P we`¨vjq, jÿxcyi 1993 - 1997 : †ZRMuvI miKvwi D”P we`¨vjq, XvKv gnvwe`¨vjq: 1998 - 1999 : miKvwi evOjv K‡jR, XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq: 2000 - 2010 : PviæKjv Abyl`, XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq

wkÿvMZ †hvM¨Zv: we.Gd.G, Gg.Gd.G (cixÿv_©x), MÖvwdK wWRvBb ‡ckvMZ Ae¯’vb: AvU© wW‡i±i, MÖxb GÛ †iW †UK‡bvjwRm Dc‡`óv I cÖwZôvZv, WªcGbWU cwiPvjK, Mig Pv WU Kg

I‡qemvBU:

www.lifearoundme.com www.amarbornomala.org

Avgvi eY©gvjv I mgmvgwqK evsjv UvB‡cvMÖvwd : 64


ZË¡veavqK: gvKmy`yi ingvb mnKvix Aa¨vcK, MÖvwdK wWRvBb wefvM PviæKjv Abyl`, XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq iPbv: ‡gvnv¤§` bvwRg-D`-‡`Šjv Gg.Gd. G 2q ce© cixÿv 2006 ‡ivj b¤^i: 4501 ‡iwR‡÷ªkb b¤^i: n 306, †mkb: 2000-2001 MÖvwdK wWRvBb wefvM PviæKjv Abyl`, XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq


amar bornomala o somosamoyik bangla typography