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News source for Wyoming co-op owners since 1954

W Y O M I N G

R U R A L

E L E C T R I C

N E W S

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J U LY

2016

Young Farmers & Ranchers Program a Leadership Success

Electric Apprentice: Carbon Power & Light’s Skip Voss

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JULY 22

JULY 23-31

JULY 25, 26

means RODEO JULY and a whole lot more!

JULY 22 Sam Hunt

with special guest Maddie & Tae

JULY 23 Fall Out Boy

JULY 24

JULY 27

Billy Currington Kenny Chesney with special guest Ned LeDoux

with special guest Courtney Cole

JULY 28 Jake Owen

JULY 29

JULY 30 Florida Georgia Line with special

with special guest Old Dominion with Aaron Watson guest Cole Swindell

July 22-31, 2016 • cfdrodeo.com • 800.227.6336


ESSAYS & ANECDOTES

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FEATURES

14 THE WREN MAGAZINE, WYOMING RURAL ELECTRIC NEWS

The official publication of the Wyoming Rural Electric Association

The WREN Magazine, Wyoming Rural Electric News, volume 62, number 6, July 2016 (ISSN 1098-2876) is published monthly except for January for $12 per year by Linden Press, Inc., 2710 Thomes Avenue, Cheyenne, WY 82001. Periodicals postage paid at Cheyenne, WY (original entry office) and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster - Send address changes to: Linden Press, Inc., 223 S. Howes St., Fort Collins, CO 80521, (970) 221-3232. Include 3-digit co-op code. WREN Magazine is owned and controlled by rural electric cooperatives in the interest of the economic progress of rural areas specifically and the entire population of Wyoming and the nation generally. WREN Magazine has a total average monthly

WREA Notes Nobody Votes in My Town

Wyoming Eats The Middle Fork

PETE SIMER

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JENNA ALLEN

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Young Farmers & Ranchers Program a Leadership Success

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Co-op Spotlight Electric Apprentice: Carbon Power & Light's Skip Voss MAGGIE BUDD

2015. WREN Magazine is delivered to rural electric member/ state of Wyoming and the nation. Acceptance of advertising by WREN Magazine does not imply endorsement of the product or services advertised by the publisher or Wyoming electric cooperatives. WREN STAFF Publisher: Linden Press, Inc. Editor: Cara Eastwood Baldwin BOARD OF DIRECTORS Niobrara, Lusk, Andy Greer, President Tri-State G&T, Westminster - CO, Dick Clifton, Vice President

LORI VAN PELT

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LIZ LAUCK

paid circulation of 39,953 for 11 months ending in September consumers and other subscribers throughout the entire

Special Column “Lyre Girls” First Women to Own Newspaper in The Equality State

STATE NEWS & EVENTS

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The Current

Vet Notes Survival Mode DR. CANDICE CARDEN

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Enlighten Us An Old Guy “Shares” Some New Thoughts on Social Media CHUCK LARSEN

FROM OUR READERS

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Cowboy State Buzz

30

What’s Happening

Garland Light & Power, Powell, Scott Smith, Secretary/Treasurer

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Country Cooks Squash

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Pen to Paper “The Best Fishing” “My Diet”

Big Horn REC, Basin, Tom Delaney Bridger Valley Electric, Mountain View, Ruth Rees Carbon Power, Saratoga, Jerry Rabidue High Plains Power, Riverton, Hearley Dockham High West Energy, Pine Bluffs, Ed Prosser Lower Valley Energy, Afton, Linda Schmidt

Photo by Ken Driese

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Just Picture It On the Farm

Powder River Energy, Sundance, Mike Lohse Wheatland REA, Wheatland, Sandra Hranchak Wyrulec, Torrington, Dewey Hageman Basin Electric, Bismarck - ND, Paul Baker Deseret Power, South Jordan - UT, Gary Nix

JUST FOR FUN

ADDRESS ALL CORRESPONDENCE TO

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WREN Magazine • 2710 Thomes Ave. • Cheyenne, WY 82001 Phone: (307) 772-1968 E-mail: wren@wyomingrea.org

Kids’ Corner Lemon Suds Eruption

SUBSCRIPTION RATES

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$12 per year, Single copies $1.50 each ADVERTISING To purchase, contact: Dhara Rose: 970-221-3232 x33 • dhara@golinden.com OFFICE OF WREN OWNER: 2312 Carey Ave., Cheyenne, WY 82001 OFFICE OF WREN PUBLISHER: Linden Press, Inc., 2710 Thomes Ave., Cheyenne, WY 82001

P R I N T E D W I T H V E G E TA B L E I N K

Puzzle Balancing Act

ON THE COVER Irises bloom at the base of the rocks along the Happy Jack Highway.

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Book Review The Mutilators Description by SUNSTONE PRESS


WREA NOTES

J U LY 1 9 7 2

SHAWN TAYLOR exe cu ti v e d i rec to r

In keeping with the celebration of the WREA’s 75th anniversary, here is the WREA Notes from July 1972, written by Pete Simer.

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GRASSROOTS NETWORK

Implications of the Supreme Court Stay on the Clean Power Plan BY MIKE MCINNES, CEO OF TRI-STATE GENERATION AND TRANSMISSION ASSOCIATION The following is an abridged version of Mike McInnes’s June 9 testimony before the US Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.

Tri-State is a wholly member-owned generation and transmission cooperative serving in Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Wyoming. The association generates and transmits wholesale electricity to its 44 member cooperatives and public power districts, which supply retail electricity directly to consumers in a service area that covers approximately 200,000 square miles with a population of about 1.5 million. Tri-State is owned and governed by its members and operates on a not-forprofit basis. Our board of directors, which consists of representatives from each of the 44 members, makes decisions based on sound financial principles, industry best practices, and, most importantly, the needs of its members. To serve our members, we use more than 5,300 miles of transmission line and a diverse mix of generation sources, including coal, natural gas, hydroelectric, wind, and solar power. Tri-State relies heavily on coal and natural gas-fired generation to maintain reliability and control costs. However, over the last decade we have made significant investments in renewables, energy efficiency, and distributed generation projects. We are also funding a new test center in Wyoming that will conduct cuttingedge research on finding a commercial use for CO2 and ways to capture it. The XPRIZE Foundation, which encourages advancement of technology through

incentivized competition, has agreed to be one of the first tenants in the center. The Cooperative Difference

As a cooperative, Tri-State operates differently and has different risks compared to investor-owned and municipal utilities, a fact the EPA ignored in the Clean Power Plan and why TriState and other cooperatives were active in the rulemaking process and challenged the rule in court. Let me provide a few examples of how we are different. 1. Cooperatives have different financial goals. Unlike investor-owned utilities, our interests are not driven by shareholder returns, but by those we serve. Our primary goal—and contractual obligation—is to provide reliable, affordable, and responsible power to our members. 2. Our costs are spread over fewer customers. Tri-State and its members have fewer consumers per mile of line than other types of utilities, which means we have fewer consumers among whom to spread our costs. Typically, cooperatives have 1–11 consumers per mile while investorowned and municipal utilities average more than 35. 3. Cooperatives’ plants have longer remaining useful life. Tri-State has invested hundreds of millions of dollars to improve efficiency and on pollution control upgrades. Because of these investments and the fact our plants are newer, they still have significant remaining useful life, and we face large stranded costs if we are forced to shut them prematurely.

4. Tri-State does not need new generation. While some of our members are experiencing growth, it has been offset by other members’ losses. Tri-State does not project the need to build new generation until 2024–2026, so to comply with the requirements of the Clean Power Plan we would likely have to shut down existing plants. Since the EPA failed to address these issues and other legal issues we raised during the rulemaking process, our board of directors felt it necessary to challenge the rule in court, resulting in the current stay. An Alternative Approach

I am often asked, “If you don’t support the Clean Power Plan to reduce carbon emissions, then what do you suggest?” Tri-State is already achieving reductions in carbon emissions as a result of maintaining highly efficient power plants and investing in renewable energy projects, and we continue to support research and development of new carbon management technologies. Tri-State believes that carbon dioxide regulations need to ensure the viability of all fuel sources and any emission standards need to be attainable in a reasonable timeline. In the end, although Tri-State and other cooperatives are different, we do have a desire to protect the environment while continuing to provide affordable and reliable energy to our members. We simply believe a different approach is needed to mitigate CO2 emissions. JULY 2016

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THE CURRENT

Photo courtesy of Niobrara Electric Association

Niobrara Annual Meeting

Is the Rural Population Decline Ending? ELECTRIC CO-OP TODAY

For the first time this decade, the number of people living in rural America held steady, and government analysts think the curtain might be closing on a protracted period of rural population loss. Niobrara Electric Association awarded scholarships to six students at its annual meeting. From left to right: Chelsea Baars, Lexie Dockery, Angelina Bannan, Kassidy Miller, Taryn Thayer, and Trevor Ginkens.

Niobrara Electric Association (NEA) held its 71st annual meeting of the membership May 19 at Sioux County High School in Harrison, Neb. Members heard annual reports from co-op leaders and received door prizes and $20 energy credits to their accounts. NEA also presented scholarships to six students as part of a program for high school seniors, undergraduates, and non-traditional students.

Join us at these Wild Horse and Burro Adoptions JUNE 10-11

AUGUST 16-20

Rock Springs Wild Horse Holding Facility Rock Springs, Wy

Annual Mustang Days At Wyoming State Fair Douglas, Wy

JULY 8-9

SEPTEMBER 9-10

Rock Springs Wild Horse Holding Facility Rock Springs, Wy

Wyoming Honor Farm Riverton, Wy

JULY 22-31

Deerwood Ranch Wild Horse Ecosanctuary, Public Hay Day Centennial, Wy

Cheyenne Frontier Days Cheyenne, Wy

AUGUST 6-7

The Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service said the rural population stayed almost the same at slightly more than 46 million people between July 2014 and July 2015. That tally followed a four-year period in which population in nonmetropolitan counties—shorthand for “rural”—fell by 116,000 people. Some 1,320 nonmetro counties lost population during that time. By contrast, urban areas have been adding about 2 million people annually. “The 2014–15 improvement in rural population change coincides with an improvement in rural employment growth and suggests that this first-ever period of overall population decline (from 2010 to 2015) may be ending,” the service said April 28. Rural America gained an estimated 44,000 jobs between February 2015 and February 2016, according to the Daily Yonder, though that was still well below job growth in metro areas. Population and employment gains have occurred in areas rich in energy, such as Texas and North Dakota. “Spurred by an energy boom, large sections of the northern Great Plains turned around decades of population loss, and at least some amenityrich areas continue to grow, albeit at a more modest rate,” the service said. Still, it anticipates more population losses in rural America in the years to come. Net migration and the difference between the number of births and deaths influence population change, the service said, and those trends are going in the wrong direction. In particular, there were fewer births in rural America during the recession years of 2007 to 2009 because fewer births tend to occur during times of economic uncertainty, the service said.

1-866-4Mustangs (1-866-468-7826) www.blm.gov/Wy/St/En/Programs/Wild_horses.html 6

WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016

“Falling birth rates and an aging population have steadily reduced population growth from natural increase in rural counties over time, increasing the chances of overall rural population decline in the future,” it said.


OUR SUCCESS IS ROOTED IN COOPERATION Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association is proud to stand with Wyoming farmers and ranchers as they uphold a rich agricultural tradition. The reliable and affordable power we provide helps you get the job done today and lets you plan for tomorrow.

TRISTATE.COOP


COWBOY STATE BUZZ

“Weeds of the West” Identifies Hundreds of Weeds UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING EXTENSION

Pigweed, dogbane, and horsetail are among the plants featured in the free, downloadable “Weeds of the West,” a guide to more than 350 species found around the home, farm, and ranch.

More than 1,000 photographs show early growth stages and mature plants, plus important features for identification.

The guide, available as a PDF or ePub at bit.ly/weedswest, aids in identifying species that either compete with native plants and horticultural and agricultural crops or are toxic to livestock and people.

Abundance and the ability to reproduce, compete, and spread rapidly often characterize weeds. However, according to the editors, the “weed” label does not mean a plant is always undesirable or cannot be beneficial under certain circumstances.

Entries include descriptions, habitats, and characteristics for weeds growing in all western states, including Hawaii.

They give examples of species undesirable on grasslands for livestock but valuable as wildlife forage or habitat

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elsewhere. Some species poisonous to livestock are valued as ornamentals, and some nearly universally unappreciated weeds may help reduce soil erosion on disturbed sites.


Be the light. No one should go hungry. To help feed those in need in our communities, employees plant a garden each year with the help of local kids, so food pantries can serve fresh vegetables. Our business is providing power and light, but feeding the hungry shines a light brighter than any we can create.

Your energy starts here.

basinelectric.com


COWBOY STATE BUZZ

Take Steps to Prevent Rabies in Pets, Livestock, and Families

THIS MONTH IN HISTORY

The Fourth and How Wheatland Spent It

WYOMING DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Rabies prevention strategies, including animal vaccinations, can help Wyoming residents avoid a deadly disease for themselves as well as for their pets and livestock, according to the Wyoming Department of Health (WDH). In 2015, a Fremont County woman died due to rabies, which was Wyoming’s first recorded human rabies case. Over the years, rabies has also been confirmed in Wyoming bats, cats, cows, dogs, foxes, horses, squirrels, and skunks. Dr. Karl Musgrave, state public health veterinarian with the WDH, said there have been several confirmed cases of rabies so far in Sheridan County this year in skunks and in one cow. Rabies can infect any mammal and affect the central nervous system, causing paralysis and ultimately death. Symptoms include behavior changes such as aggression, agitation, and excessive salivation. Musgrave emphasized the importance of animal vaccinations. “This can keep pets, horses, and other livestock from getting rabies and help protect pet owners should pets be bitten by a rabid wild animal,” he said. Musgrave noted it is also important to report animal bites to local animal control officials and to follow recommended quarantine guidelines.

The Wheatland Times July 11, 1917 Here are some general tips for preventing rabies: • Enjoy wildlife such as bats and skunks from a safe distance. • People waking to find a bat in their room or a child’s room should contact a medical professional immediately, as bats have such small teeth that even unknown or minor contact with bats has led to rabies infection. If the bat can be safely captured, it can be tested. • Vaccinate dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, and other selected livestock for rabies and keep vaccinations up to date. • Treat animal bites with soap and water and contact a medical professional immediately. • Never adopt wild animals or bring them into the home. Do not try to nurse sick or injured animals—call animal control for help. • Report animals acting strangely to city or county animal control departments. • Teach children to never approach unfamiliar dogs, cats, or wildlife, even if they appear friendly. • Keep pets under supervision or on a leash to minimize contact with wild animals.

WHERE IN WYOMING?

June's Answer:

This well-known Wyoming ice cream store prides itself on being the “home of the big cone.” Where can you find it?

This statue is part of the Campbell County War Memorial in Gillette’s Lasting Legacy Memorial Park.

Find out next month. Photo by Ken Driese

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Most people prefer to receive care in a familiar place, surrounded by the love and comfort of family and friends.

With Cheyenne Regional Home Health, patients of ALL AGES—from babies to the elderly—can receive exceptional patient care, right at home. To learn more, please call (307) 633-7000.

Cheyenne Regional Home Health has been nationally recognized as a 4 out of 5 star rated health agency.

“I sleep better. I have more energy.

My tinnitus has improved. Also, having lower volume on the TV makes family movie time more enjoyable. Thanks, Wyoming Otolaryngology Audiology.” — Chris Crossen Casper

Wyoming Otolaryngology Audiology can change your life. Schedule a hearing consultation with Cheryl Drost, a board-certified audiologist and an accomplished hearing loss author, who can provide opportunities to improve your life.

We find the right hearing solutions for everyone, at every age, in your family.

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307-577-4240 Casper | wyomingotolar yngology.com JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

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SPECIAL COLUMN

“Lyre Girls” First Women to Own Newspaper in The Equality State Images courtesy of Historical Reproductions by Perue

BY LORI VAN PELT

A

few months before Wyoming declared statehood, Gertrude Huntington took the helm of the Platte Valley Lyre, the first newspaper to serve residents in the Saratoga area. The 24-year-old editor and her younger sister, Laura, 22, who soon became the business manager, thus became the first women newspaper owners in The Equality State. On July 10, 1890, the day Wyoming became a state, the Huntington sisters printed a brief news item about the statehood bill in their four-page weekly, but they gave more space to the report of the recent “glorious” Fourth of July celebration, which included a fireworks display on the North Platte River and a strawberry ice cream social and dance. “The ‘Lyre girls’ as we were known, edited the paper, doing all the type setting by hand for there were no machines in

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The newspaper, established in 1888 and first owned by George Caldwell, who had been referred to as the “Lurid Liar of Lander,” probably earned its title from this nickname.

those early days,” Laura Huntington recalled in an article published in the Rawlins Daily Times in 1952. They also sold the advertisements. Subscriptions cost $3 annually.

his daughters—the oldest of his and his wife’s nine children—with the purchase of the Lyre.

They had come to Carbon County with their father, Rev. Roswell Elbridge Gerry Huntington, D.D., in 1886, when he began serving as Rawlins’s second Episcopal minister. In 1888, he began traveling to Saratoga—sometimes riding the 40 miles on horseback—to conduct services there. In 1889, Rev. Huntington, educated in England at Cambridge University, became Saratoga’s first Episcopal minister. He had worked in the newspaper business prior to his marriage and his decision to enter the ministry, and he likely helped

The newspaper, established in 1888 and first owned by George Caldwell, who had been referred to as the “Lurid Liar of Lander,” probably earned its title from this nickname. The Lyre office was located at 113 E. Bridge Ave. The Huntingtons published the newspaper from 1890 to 1902, a vibrant period in the growth of the Platte Valley and the state. In addition to statehood, they covered the grand opening and masquerade ball held by the Hotel Wolf in 1893, the copper mining boom in Grand Encampment that began in 1897,


and the 1898 farewell activities given for the 112 young men from the county who would participate in the SpanishAmerican War. One of them, Fred M. Wolf, was the son of the hotel’s owner. The younger Wolf drowned in July 1901 in the North Platte River near Saratoga. Throughout most of those years, another weekly, the Saratoga Sun, which began publishing in 1891, competed with the Lyre. Saratoga historian Gay Day Alcorn wrote of the friendly rivalry between the

two in her book Tough Country. “The editors were of very different outlooks and backgrounds,” she stated, “and, by the time the Huntington sisters and John F. Crawford took over their respective editorial posts, many subscribers took both papers just to see what the editors chose to argue over each week.”

The Saratoga Sun continues publication today and its office is located at 116 E. Bridge Ave., across the street from the building where the Lyre girls worked. The Grand Encampment Museum in Encampment houses the original issues of the Lyre, some of which are also available online. W

The Platte Valley Lyre became part of the Saratoga Sun in 1902. Rev. Huntington died in 1905 followed by Gertrude in 1925 and Laura in 1962.

Lori Van Pelt is the assistant editor of WyoHistory.org, the online encyclopedia of Wyoming history.

I want my WyomingPBS! If you’re a satellite telelvision subscriber and are unable to receive WyomingPBS with your satellite service, there are several options available for you to access our local - and national - content...

Never miss an episode of your favorite WyomingPBS shows! Watch WyomingPBS Anytime. Anywhere. Free. video.wyomingpbs.org Questions? Call 307-855-2372 and we’ll help you navigate! JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

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WYOMING EATS SZECHWAN

RISTORANTE

STEAK HOUSE

BURGERS

CANTINA

PIZZA

THE MIDDLE FORK BY JENNA ALLEN ADDRESS: 351 Main St. in Lander PHONE: 335-5035 HOURS: Mon–Sat: 7 a.m.–2 p.m. Sun: 9 a.m.–2 p.m.

B

Photos courtesy of The Middle Fork

runch isn’t a meal—it’s an experience.

It’s relaxing on a shady patio in July with your best friend, surrounded by the sweet smell of lilac bushes and the soothing sound of a trickling stream. It’s unwinding in a lovely, bistro-style environment with your family while you indulge in a

slightly extravagant ante meridiem meal. That meal could be rich eggs benedict and a light mimosa, or sweet strawberry cheesecake French toast and a fresh espresso, or even creamy biscuits and gravy and a spicy Bloody Mary. Does that sound enticing? In Lander, it’s not a fantasy. It’s The Middle Fork. fcsamerica.com

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In the four short years since its debut, The Middle Fork has found its niche in the Lander scene. “We saw there weren’t a lot of breakfast or lunch places. We wanted to have a fromscratch menu and a comfortable place for the community to come and dine,” said owner Jenna Ackerman. “We have a really great community. Our customers are like family.” A strong supporter of local food systems, Ackerman relies on highquality meat and produce from local farms and businesses as much as possible. In turn, the restaurant supplies pre-consumer food scraps to those farms. For instance, coffee beans are roasted in Cody, ground by employees at the restaurant, and then composted by a Lander farmer to help grow cabbage for the sauerkraut featured in The Middle Fork’s Reuben sandwich (Fred’s Sandwich—named for the farmer, naturally). With a menu that changes seasonally, there’s always something new to try. But don’t worry, whatever you eat, the result will be the same: a little sound of satisfaction, a long sigh, and a slow slouch back into your seat. W Jenna Allen is a writer for WREN Magazine.


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Young Farmers & Ranchers Program BY LIZ LAUCK

A

s the nation’s agricultural population ages, there is an increased need for more young farmers and ranchers. A similar trend has developed within industry organizations, and the Wyoming Stock Growers Association (WSGA) is working toward fostering the next generation of agricultural leaders. The future of agriculture is dependent on young people stepping up on the farm or ranch and in advocacy leadership roles. Fortunately, the Farm Bureau Young Farmer and Rancher program is just the place for young ag leaders to thrive. Empowering Young People

The Wyoming Farm Bureau (WyFB) Young Farmer and Rancher committee (YF&R) began in 2002. It is a part of the larger American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF) YF&R. “It’s been fun to watch the program grow,” Wyoming Farm Bureau Media and Member Relations Director Kerin Clark said. WyFB YF&R is a Farm Bureau committee with 11 seats: two representatives from five Wyoming districts and one at-large position. 16

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Photos courtesy of the Wyoming Farm Bureau Federation

Couples may serve as one voting position. YF&R is open to regular Farm Bureau members aged 18–35. Additionally, four county farm bureaus have local YF&R programs. “Being involved in ag issues has always been important, but any more it really, truly has to be a part of your business plan,” Clark said. “When you empower young people to be involved, great things happen.”


a Leadership Success Wyoming Initiatives Clockwise from top left: Wyoming Farm Bureau members volunteering at Harvest for All; YF&R National Chair Cole Coxbill visiting with Governor Matt Mead; YF&R members participating in Ag Books for Kids; members of the YF&R meeting with Senator John Barrasso

The Wyoming Farm Bureau YF&R Committee is very active and hosts an annual conference with educational, personal development, and networking components. “The neatest thing about the YF&R program is that there truly is something for everyone,” Clark said. According to Clark, who is the Wyoming Farm Bureau’s YF&R Coordinator, the networking opportunities are invaluable. Young people are given chances to expand business connections and be around peers. WyFB YF&R’s star project is Ag Books for Kids, which uses a non-fiction children’s book about agriculture to reach out to local students and teachers. Free books, various contests, and classroom interaction help students learn about farming and ranching. The program has been highlighted since 2005, when Wyoming’s governor declared one week each March to be Wyoming Ag Literacy Week. JULY 2016

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Photo courtesy of the Wyoming Farm Bureau Federation

Cole and Sammie Coxbill prove that making it in agriculture is still possible for young families. Cole is the fourth generation on his family farm in Goshen County, and Sammie grew up on a ranch in Crook County that dates back to 1878. They were living in Cheyenne when their first child came along, and they knew they wanted to raise their family on the land they love and in an industry they are passionate about. Cole said making a living in ag is not easy. Farmers and ranchers are at the mercy of commodity and livestock prices as well as Mother Nature.

“It’s tough, but it’s more about the passion for making a living off the land than the want to make a lot of money,” he said. Cole emphasized the benefit of raising his young children on the farm. He can work side by side and spend quality time with his wife and kids every day. While the work can be challenging, Cole said the future is bright for the industry. With advances in technology and growing global demand for greater production on fewer acres, opportunity is abundant for those willing to put in the hard work. “It is exciting being a part of feeding the world,” Cole said.

Above: Sammie and Cole Coxbill when Cole was installed as the AFBF YF&R national chair

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Wyoming Farm Bureau YF&R is also active in Harvest for All, a nationwide Farm Bureau community service program that challenges local YF&R committees to donate food, funds, and time to feeding the needy. Wyoming’s committee is involved by supporting the Wyoming Food Bank of the Rockies. They raise money and canned-good donations and have volunteered at the food bank. YF&R also hosts a discussion meet open to all 18-to-35-year-old Farm Bureau members and a collegiate discussion meet open to any Wyoming college student interested in agriculture. Winners of the state contests are sent on to the national level, where prizes like college scholarships and pick-up trucks are on the line. Developing Ag Leaders

Developing leaders is a major focus for the Young Farmers and Ranchers program. Every three years the members of the state committee travel to Washington, D.C., where they visit a federal agency and an embassy, meet with Wyoming’s congressional delegation, and conduct tours of the nation’s Capitol. “This is a great opportunity to see how one person can make a difference by getting involved at the local level,” Clark said. “These are great experiences that really help young farmers and ranchers feel comfortable participating in meetings back at home.” YF&R leaders often continue on in the organization. Currently, six out of the nine directors on the Wyoming Farm Bureau board are past YF&R committee members or have participated in YF&R competitive events. “The goal of our program is to develop leaders for the betterment of agriculture,” Clark said. “It is rewarding to see leaders take hold and stay involved in our organization long after their time in YF&R is completed.” The National Stage

Currently Wyoming’s Cole Coxbill is serving as the American Farm Bureau Federation Young Farmers & Ranchers chairman. He was elected


at the AFBF annual convention in Orlando, Fla., in January.

Kortes and Justin and Kristi Ellis from Wyoming have served in the past.

“I know I am better prepared to succeed as a farmer, leader and advocate because of Farm Bureau and my involvement in this program,” Coxbill said on the AFBF website.

“We are very proud of all of them and excited for Cole’s leadership position as national committee chair,” Clark said. “He is a great representative of agriculture here in Wyoming and across the nation.”

Coxbill is the current chair of the WyFB YF&R Committee, and he and his wife, Sammie, were appointed by the AFBF president to serve a two-year term on the national YF&R committee last year. Cole will spend a year packed with learning and traveling opportunities during his tenure as chairman. Aside from running quarterly business meetings, Cole will continue to travel across the nation, representing the 2.5 million family members of AFBF YF&R. As chairman, he also holds a seat on the AFBF Board of Directors. This board consists of 34 state Farm Bureau presidents, all of whom are involved in production agriculture. “There is a tremendous amount of knowledge and experience sitting around the table,” Cole said. In his involvement, Cole has come into contact with young producers from across the nation. Although agriculture across the country is diverse, he observed that most producers share core values and similar issues. “All segments of agriculture come together in Farm Bureau,” Cole said. “Whether you are organic or conventional, we all want to sustain agriculture and create opportunities for our kids to stay in the same profession.” In the short history of the WyFB YF&R program, the Coxbills are the third set of Wyoming people to serve on the national committee. Chalsey

Agriculture TOURS

A Commitment to Agriculture

Cole and Sammie joined Farm Bureau in 2010 when they were asked by fellow ranchers to participate. They knew very little about the organization, but just a few years later they have proven to be assets. “Watching how a farmer’s concern can start at the county level and make its way to the federal level made me realize how much of an impact you can have,” Sammie told the Farm Bureau’s Wyoming Agriculture publication. The Coxbills live and work on Cole’s family farm in Goshen County, where they raise row crops, cattle, and their three children: Emmett, 9; Connor, 7; and Carlee, 4. They also custom feed cattle and run spraying and trucking businesses, and Sammie works at Women, Infants and Children (WIC) in Torrington. Becoming involved in the Farm Bureau was a logical step for a family so committed to the agriculture industry. Cole said he is better able to affect policy and shape agriculture’s future through advocacy. “Agriculturists are the best advocates for ag,” he said. “There is no one better to tell ag stories than those doing it every day with the passion and the knowledge.” W Liz Lauck is a Wheatland-based freelance writer.

LEARN MORE ABOUT: • area crops • livestock production • irrigation systems • and more from area farmers and ranchers

Journey through many unique agri-tourism destinations that can be found in the Powell Valley with the help of the Chamber of Commerce & Visitor Center’s customized tours for you or your group. The Powell Valley’s beautiful landscape is filled with experiences to fill your senses and connect you with our friendly people and their agricultural roots. You can explore livestock production including beef, sheep and exotic. Find out about the workings of our unique irrigation system that transformed our once barren, dessertlike valley, into fields and pastures capable of producing a rich variety of crops. Learn about our rich homesteading and pioneer history. Depending on what your interests are, and how much time you have, we can build you an itinerary for few hours, a day trip or a full vacation. Our agri-tours are informative and inspiring!

307.754.3494 WREN MAGAZINE 19 powellchamber.org

JULY 2016


KIDS’ CORNER

SCIENCE EXPERIMENT

CONTENT ADAPTED FROM WWW.KIDSPLAYBOX.COM

Lemon Suds Eruption Step 2 GET THE BACKGROUND An endothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that absorbs energy from its surroundings. An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that gives off energy.

Step 1 GATHER THE MATERIALS

CONDUCT THE PROCEDURE

Clear hand soap

Step 3

Baking soda

ASK QUESTIONS

Citric acid (usually

Will the chemical reaction of a base (the baking soda) and an acid (the citric acid) absorb heat or give off heat?

found in the canning aisle at the store)

1. Set up for this experiment in a place where you can get messy!

Food coloring (optional)

3–6 small bowls or containers Spoons

Step 5

Step 4 GENERATE A HYPOTHESIS The chemical reaction of a base and an acid will create an endothermic/exothermic reaction.

2. Fill your bowls with about 3/4 cup warm water, and add about 1/4 cup clear hand soap to create sudsy water. Add a few drops of food coloring to each to make the experiment more colorful. 3. Add a few tablespoons of baking soda to each bowl of sudsy water. 4. Mix in a few tablespoons of citric acid and watch what happens.

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WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016

30’x40’x10’

1,12’x9’6” 1-pc. Slide Dr., 1 Entry Dr.

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5. Stir the mixture and observe again. 6. Feel the temperature of the mixture.

$10,230 $12,670 $20,800

(Freight, state sales tax & crew travel not included)

Step 6 ANALYZE THE RESULTS AND FORM CONCLUSIONS When you felt the mixture, was it cool or warm? Does that mean the chemical reaction was endothermic or exothermic?


A

B LL Bu ig -NE tt ge W on r s

s o N act r nt Co

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VET NOTES

BY DR. CANDICE CARDEN

W

hat comes to mind when you hear the phrase “survival mode”? I’ve been using it in conversation fairly often over the past few months when people ask me how I’m doing (e.g., “I’m in pure survival mode right now”). For me, it means I am getting only the things done that must get done every day; if it’s not absolutely necessary for survival, it’s not happening.

Obviously, I don’t play video games, and now I can see why someone who does might think it was weird that I use that phrase to describe my life. But after reading the definition, I actually feel it fits pretty well right now! Well, at least the first part. I haven’t noticed that I have any more enemies, and I sure hope that there is no definite or sudden end any time soon!

Every once in a while, the person I say it to will give me a funny look, like I am using it incorrectly. Out of curiosity, I looked the phrase up online, and Wikipedia defines it as “a video game mode in which the player must continue playing for as long as possible while the game presents them with increasingly difficult waves of challenges.” There’s also some language in there about increasingly stronger numbers of enemies and the game coming to a definite (and sometimes sudden) end.

A Sight to Smell

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WREN MAGAZINE

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It really was a perfect storm. It was springtime, which means there were cows calving, mares foaling, and sheep lambing whenever and wherever they saw fit; people were getting their horses legged up for spring and discovering various lamenesses and ailments; and my husband left to work out of town for three weeks. (Side note: to all of you single parents out there, I don’t know how you do it by yourself. My hat is off to you—big time. After three weeks, I was so ready for my help to return!)

My daughter is a trooper, and rarely does she complain, but there were several days when I pushed her right up to her limits. One morning (granted, the morning had started for us at 4:00 a.m. when I carried her from her bed to her car seat so I could go look at a mare that was having difficulty foaling), she asked, “Mom, can you drop me off at Grandma Brenda’s? You stink so bad and I don’t want to ride in the car with you anymore.” It wasn’t even 9:00 a.m. and my kid wanted nothing to do with me. We are very lucky indeed to have great friends who are willing to step in and help at a moment’s notice, but this particular morning was exceptional. There was nowhere for me to wash up after the dystocia, so needless to say I was covered from head to toe with blood and all of the other fun bodily fluids that are associated with birth, and when we showed up at Grandma Brenda’s doorstep, she did a double


I’m hoping that all the late nights and early mornings are teaching her the value of hard work.

been able to make it to the grocery store for two weeks) and didn’t come up with very many other solutions. The evening was partially salvaged with the fortuitous discovery of a can of SpaghettiOs, and we were sure happy to see our beds that night! A First-Rate Helper

The Meltdown

I’m sure proud of this little girl of mine. She has become first-rate help over the past months: she can get supplies from my vet box in the car for me (“I need a blood tube, a little syringe, and the needle that’s purple!”), she helps me with bandaging, and she loves to run the foot pedal of the powerfloat while I am floating teeth.

Another day, we had started checking mares at two different farms in Sheridan at 7:00 a.m. and then drove to Kaycee for a full day of appointments there. I ended up having to treat several emergencies once we got back to Sheridan, and by the time we stumbled back into the house, it was after 10:00 p.m. Of course, we were both exhausted and hangry (another little phrase I’ve picked up, which pairs “hungry” and “angry” perfectly), and Kamryn tells me in a very definite tone that she wants pizza for dinner.

I’m hoping that all the late nights and early mornings are teaching her the value of hard work. I’m hoping she will associate end-of-the-day exhaustion with a little bit of pride, knowing that it was a rough, long, hard day, but we got so much accomplished. I’m really hoping she doesn’t end up on a therapist’s couch in the future (people tell me that growing up with a veterinarian as a parent makes you either love or hate veterinary medicine; there are not a lot of in-between positions).

There were several problems with that request. First, the chances of me leaving the house to go anywhere (unless it was another emergency) were miniscule, and second, no pizza places were open even if I had any inkling to drive to town. She then proceeded to have a monumental meltdown on the kitchen floor while I rifled through our fairly empty refrigerator (I seriously hadn’t

Hopefully our “survival mode” times will bring us together and give us memories that will make us laugh for years to come! W

take. Apparently I had failed to notice the bale of straw in my hair too—from rolling around in the stall trying to get ahold of the foal to get it out. I was a sight to see (and smell).

Dr. Candice Frome Carden was born and raised in Afton. She currently owns and operates veterinary hospitals in Sheridan and Kaycee.

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JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

23


PUZZLE

BALANCING ACT

HOW TO PLAY

1. Weights:

Balance the scales by arriving at an identical sum on both sides, using only the number of “weights” (dots) specified in each problem.

8

2. Weights:

3

7

4

9

5

2

5

1

7

8

9

3

1

11

50

14

4

1 Place “weights” in any combination in the value columns on each side of the scale. 2 There can be more than one “weight” in any given value column.

Solution:

8

Solution:

3. Weights:

4. Weights:

3 When the numbers balance, record the sum in the solution box.

6

An example has been done for you. Size up your results to the answers on page 33.

7

2

14

5

2

6

18

Solution:

Solution: 5. Weights:

18

12

6. Weights:

5

6

16

12 31 2

7

Solution:

Solution:

7. Weights:

7

8. Weights:

5

8

Solution:

24

WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016

1

11

4

6

Solution:

14


BOOK REVIEW

THE MUTILATORS BY ROBERT L. FOSTER • 2014 • 326 P. Description by Sunstone Press The mutilators have killed and mutilated thousands of cattle in the Midwest—and now they’ve moved west into Idaho, where they are killing and mutilating cattle herds. No one knows who or what the mutilators are. They’ve never been identified. Randy Johnson, a former Green Beret platoon leader in Vietnam, has now settled into the peaceful life of an Idaho rancher. It holds a kind of magic, a new freedom, and relief from a cunning invisible enemy left behind in the dangerous jungles of Vietnam. He’s good with a gun, fast on a horse, and as tough and smart as the next man, but he’s about to meet a new enemy more cunning and elusive than the one he left in Vietnam. Idaho’s television stations issue breaking news alerts almost hourly, providing the latest gruesome statistical details of newly discovered mutilated cattle—many found on ranches adjacent to Randy’s.

Ordering Information

Ah, quit your worrying, Randy tells himself. Whoever or whatever the mutilators are, they won’t bother me. This is a horse ranch!

Cost: $26.95 paperback, $9.99 eBook

Five hours later, the mutilators strike Randy’s isolated horse ranch—and

ISBN: 978-0-86534-994-0

all hell breaks loose. It is up to law enforcement to find the answer and

Publisher: Sunstone Press

solve the mystery. Can they do it?

Sunstone Press is an independent publisher located in Santa Fe, N.M.

Available from your independent bookseller, Amazon, or directly from the publisher at 243-5644.

Congrat s!

Win a free copy of The Mutilators A BOOK DRAWING IS HELD ON THE 15TH OF EVERY MONTH. To enter, fill out the entry form and mail to the address below. Entries must be received by JULY 15.

Last month’s winner is not eligible. One entry per household, please.

June's winne r is Rob in Art hun o Worla f nd, W yo.

Please print clearly, or use a return address label. Name:

Phone:

Address: Send to: Book Drawing – The Mutilators c/o WREN Magazine 2710 Thomes Avenue, Cheyenne, WY 82001 JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

25


CO-OP SPOTLIGHT

Electric Apprentice: CARBON POWER & LIGHT’S

SKIP VOSS INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY MAGGIE BUDD Skip Voss is an apprentice for Carbon Power & Light (CPL) in Rock River.

WREN: What is your hometown? Voss: I grew up in Wessington, SD. I lived in Nebraska and Laramie and have been in Rock River for eight or nine years. WREN: How long have you been an apprentice at CPL? Voss: About two months. I started on April 11.

Program. It’s a four-year course, and you have to have so much done each year to move up to the next level. WREN: Whom do you work with primarily? Voss: Primarily with Perry. We come down to Laramie to work with their crew sometimes.

WREN: What is your favorite part of the job? Voss: Getting to learn new lines and territories where we have electrical service. When I first started, we rode snowmobiles up the Snowy Range Mountains to find power outages from the snow and falling trees.

WREN: How did you begin working in this position at CPL?

WREN: How often do you work with the Laramie crew?

WREN: What are the most important qualities for someone in your position to have?

Voss: Well, the job came open and I applied [laughs]. I knew the Rock River foreman, Perry Davidson, from volunteering with him at the fire department. I have been volunteering for about 10 years and am the training officer captain at the moment.

Voss: About two-thirds of the time. When they need help down there, we help out. There are more members in the Laramie area, so there’s more work to be done. It depends if there is an outage somewhere or just maintenance.

Voss: Be ready for anything because you might be working on maintenance and then you can be called off to go somewhere else across the county in case something went down. You have to be ready to roll.

WREN: Are there any other employees that help you with your job responsibilities?

WREN: Who or what inspires you to do your job well?

Voss: Just the foreman and I work together day to day in Rock River. There are four guys in Laramie, and the co-op general manager works between Laramie and Saratoga.

Voss: The boss [laughs]. He’s standing right here.

WREN: What exactly are your job duties at the co-op? Voss: I am an apprentice lineman and I’m in my first year of training for a lineman job. I have to do on-the-job training and written testing through the Merchant 26

WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016

My family. There’s a lot with the safety aspect—you want to make sure you can do your job right so you can come home


FUN FACT:

Voss grew up on a dairy farm in Wessington, SD. His family had about 200 cows and calves in total.

at night. I have a 12-year-old daughter—ShayLynn—and two 6-year-old twin boys—Alexander and Rhyden.

Mountain Man Tribute

WREN: What’s the best part about working in rural Wyoming? Voss: You get to know the people that you are actually working for in the co-op. Plus it’s not as populated as somewhere like Denver. I am a small-town guy. WREN: What is your favorite local restaurant? Voss: I don’t have a favorite really. I just like the home-cooked meals my wife makes. WREN: What are some go-to activities when you’re not working? Voss: I love boating, fishing, and camping in the mountains with family. WREN: What is the best movie you have watched recently? Voss: “Transformers: Age of Extinction” W Maggie Budd is an editor and writer for WREN Magazine.

Jim Baker was one of the greatest scouts, trappers and Indian fighters of all time.

August 20th & 21st

The Little Snake River Museum in Savery, WY, along the Scenic Byway will host a tribute to the life of a Wyoming Mountain Man. Come spend a day at the museum exploring the stories of Wyoming’s colorful past and get a glimpse of the life of a Mountain Man.

• Guns of Jim Baker Era • History of Battle Mountain • Breakfast at the Museum • Ladder Ranch, site of the historic 1841 battle

Full list of weekend activities on website or call today!

LittleSnakeRiverMuseum.com JULY 2016

(307) 383-7262 WREN MAGAZINE

27


COUNTRY COOKS

THIS MONTH :

Squash

Squash Cookies 1/2 cup butter, softened

1/2 tsp. salt

3/4 cup white sugar

1/2 tsp. ground nutmeg

3/4 cup packed brown sugar

1/4 tsp. ground ginger

2 eggs

1 cup raisins

1-1/2 cups mashed, cooked butternut squash

1-1/2 cups chopped pecans

2-1/2 cups all-purpose flour

1/4 tsp. ground allspice

1 tsp. baking soda

2-1/2 tsp. baking powder

2 tsp. ground cinnamon Preheat the oven to 375 degrees. In a large bowl, cream butter and sugars until fluffy. Beat in the eggs and squash. Mix flour, baking soda, baking powder, and spices; add to mixture, stirring until well blended. Stir in raisins and nuts. Spoon onto cookie sheets 2 inches apart. Bake for 10–12 minutes (until edges are golden). NANCY DENK, RIVERTON, WYO.

Summer Squash Cornbread

Cheese-Summer Squash Casserole

3 cups yellow squash, unpeeled

Cut squash into chunks and cook in

3 cups summer squash (any type), chopped

2 eggs, beaten

smallest amount of lightly salted water

2 Tbsp. butter or margarine, melted

until tender. Drain and mince. Add

1/2 cup milk

eggs, milk, salt, and cottage cheese.

1 cup cracked crumbs

1/2 tsp. salt

Stir in cornbread mix and spoon into

2 Tbsp. onion, chopped fine

3/4 cup cottage cheese (small curd if you have it)

greased 1-1/2-quart, shallow baking

1 cup cheese, shredded

1 pkg. Jiffy brand cornbread mix (6–8 oz.)

in preheated 375-degree oven for 30

1/2 stick butter or margarine, melted

dish. Pour melted butter over top. Bake minutes. (You can also put cheddar or Parmesan cheese on the top in the last 5 minutes. We like ours without.)

2 eggs, beaten Combine all ingredients and mix well. Put in a greased baking dish, cover, and bake at 350

This recipe is very adaptable. I’ve added a drained can of green chilies when serving it Tex-Mex style. Or some chopped black olives are also good if that’s your

degrees for 1 hour.

preference. Green onions are tasty too.

Serves: 4

KATE HEYING, GILLETTE, WYO.

MARY LOU WICKSTROM, KINNEAR, WYO.

FOR SEPTEMBER, SEND US YOUR FAVORITE RECIPES WITH

CORN Send by August 5 to Country Cooks: wren@wyomingrea.org OR 2710 Thomes Ave., Cheyenne, WY 82001 Please include your name, hometown, and a phone number (in case we have questions).

28

WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016


PEN TO PAPER

While fishing on a lake Time out from life I take. I love the solitude, But thank again St Jude.

The Best Fishing

We share a selection of WREN readers’

And talking now of saints My mind a picture paints. I dream of wondrous fish. St Andrew grant my wish.

creative writing (poems, limericks, haiku, short verse, and prose) every issue as space and

If fishing on the sea How happy I could be Just sitting in a boat. How great to be afloat.

content allow. To be considered for publication, please include the author’s consent to be

When fishing in a pond No need to think beyond. I’m in a reverie, No trouble can I see. But while all this I treasure, Undoubtedly brings pleasure, Naught else can best the joy Of brookie fishing with my boy. CLIVE RUBERY, CENTENNIAL, WYO.

submitted, his or her mailing address, and confirmation that the work has not been published elsewhere. If you would like us to St. Jude is the Patron Saint of lost causes, and St. Andrew is the patron saint of fishermen.

return your work, include a selfaddressed, stamped envelope.

My Diet

Salad again today, Yay! The greens and seeds are good for me. The K’s and D’s fill me with glee. But naught can warm my skinny heart like a piece of pie or strawberry tart.

SEND SUBMISSIONS TO: wren@wyomingrea.org

or 2710 Thomes Avenue

MARY AGNES MCALEENAN, KINNEAR, WYO.

Cheyenne, WY 82001

JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

29


WHAT'S HAPPENING

Pioneer Days Celebration

LYMAN | JULY 20-24

This year’s Pioneer Days Celebration will run from Wednesday, July 20, through Sunday, July 24. For more information, email Vernon and Louise Stringer at vkstringer@bvea.net.

Wednesday, July 20: Jr. Rodeo at 6:00 p.m. Thursday, July 21: Musical program at PAC at Lyman High School at 7:00 p.m. Friday, July 22: Qualifying Rodeo at 6:00 p.m. Saturday, July 23: Flag Raising Ceremony at 6:45 a.m., Triathlon at 7:00 a.m., Parade at 10:00 a.m., Car Show, B-B-Que, and Rodeo at 7:00 p.m. Sunday, July 24: Fireside Speaker at the Lyman LDS Stake Center in Urie at 7:00 p.m.

Big Piney

Chugwater

TUESDAYS

THIRD MONDAYS

Story Hour: Ages 0–5 yrs., 10:30a, free, Big

The Chugwater Historical Group: We have varied presentations on Wyoming history. 7p, Chugwater Community Center, info 422-3509 (Ruth Vaughn).

Piney Branch Library, info 276-3515.

Centennial JULY 13 Greg Nickerson Presentation: Centennial’s Library and Museum are hosting the historian and journalist for a presentation of his “Wyoming, the Railroad State.” 5:30p, Library, info 745-8393.

Clearmont TUESDAYS Clearmont Historical Center: Every Tue from 2–4p the newly established Clearmont Historical Center is open.

Cody

JULY 20 Robert Field Presentation: The 2nd event in UW’s Global Studies “What in the World?” series, Robert Field will speak on “Air Quality.”

ONGOING Cody Country Art League Gallery: 9a–5p Mon¬–Fri, info 587-3597.

5:30p, Library, info 745-8393.

Douglas

AUG 3

JULY 11

John D. Farr Presentation: Sponsored by

Family Movie Night: “The Paleface” – Bob Hope, Jane Russell. 9p, Locomotive Park.

Centennial’s Library and Museum. Farr, past president of the Grand Encampment Museum, will present his “Wyoming’s Sheep Industry: What really happened?” 5:30p, Museum, info 745-8393.

JULY 18 Family Movie Night: “The Apple Dumpling Gang” – Don Knotts, Tim Conway. 9p, Locomotive Park.

ONE-CALL OF WYOMING

JULY 25 Family Movie Night: “Return to Snowy River” – Brian Dennehy, Tom Burlinson, Sigrid Thornton. 9p, Locomotive Park.

Dubois JULY 16 Dubois Museum Day: Exhibitors and demonstrations. Homestead beef stew, hot dogs, fry bread, bake sale. Guides inside living history cabins. Live musical entertainment. 11–2, free admission, 909 W. Ramshorn St.

JULY 23 Dubois National Day of the Cowboy: Here is your chance to meet and mingle with real western cowboys. Cowboy parade at 11a, western shoot-out, western cuisine, and charming western shops. Info 455-2556 or duboischamber@gmail.com.

JULY 27–29 WHF Community Wellness Screening (Blood Draw): Walk in only. Fast 12 hours unless diabetic; drinks lots of water prior to draw. Sponsored by Kiwanis of Dubois. 7–10a daily, Headwaters Center on Stalnaker Street, info 455-2243.

ONGOING Dubois Museum: Summer hours 9a–5p Mon– Sat, free, info 455-2284.

Encampment JULY 22–24 Sierra Madre Mountain Man Rendezvous at the GEM: Knife Throw and Hawk Throw competition for various age classes. Free admission, info 329-7944 (Joe Morrison) or find us on Facebook.

Call 2 business days before you dig. It's fast, it's free, and it's the law!

811 or 1-800-849-2476 30

WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016

JULY 23 Living History Day at the GEM: Ice Cream Social and Historic demonstrations throughout the day (blacksmith, print shop, rope making, and so much more!). 9a–5p, free admission.


AUG 5–7 GEM’s 50th Anniversary Event and the Encampment All Class/All Town Reunion: Various events throughout the weekend including CJ Box book signing at 3p on Sat, 8/6. 9a–5p, free admission, info GEMuseum. com or 327-5308.

ONGOING Grand Encampment Museum: Main Gallery and store is open most weekdays, 9a–5p Tue– Sat, 1–5p Sun, info GEMuseum.com, 327-5308.

Fort Bridger MONDAYS Junior Rifle Club: For boys and girls, 8 to 18. All shooting equipment is supplied, including .177 caliber air rifles, targets, shooting pads, safety glasses, etc. 5:30p, American Legion Post Home, info 747-4142 (Bill Boglino).

Fort Laramie JULY 30

Lander JULY 13, 28 Lander’s Lander LIVE Outdoor Concert: Come eat, drink, dance, and be merry with us at the Jaycee Park Stage. Bring your own chair or picnic blanket. FREE. 6–9:30p (ish), info 3323892 or landerlivemusic.com.

JULY 13–16 23 International Climbers Festival: Tickets and package deals available on the website. $70 Adults all access pass, $35 children. City Park and multiple locations around Lander. Info 349-1561, climbersfestival@gmail.com, or climbersfestival.org.

JULY 23 4th Annual “Run Like A Bighorn” Sinks Canyon Ultimate Trail Run: At 7a the canyon trail race begins (6a registration Sawmill Group Shelter by the park entrance). Refreshments, souvenir t-shirt and a water bottle to all participants! $20 adults, $10 kids, info 332-6333.

Star Gazing: A “walk among the stars.” Star Gazing Program. 8:30p, free, Fort Laramie National Historic Site, info 837-2221.

Laramie

Greybull Free Preschool Story Time: Each Wed at 11a with a story and fun craft. Greybull Library, info 765-2551.

65th Annual Albany County Ranch Tour: The tour begins in the Little Laramie Valley area at the Page Angus Ranch. Light refreshments will be offered at the South end of the Territorial Park parking lot beginning at 8a; tour will set out at 9a. Info 760-5590 (Sandra Eike).

Guernsey

Lyman

WEDNESDAYS

SUNDAYS VFW Bingo: 1p, VFW Hall, info 836-2631.

FOURTH SUNDAYS American Legion Riders, Chapter 95: 2p, Crazy Tony’s Bar & Grill, info 575-0838.

Hawk Springs JULY 13 Hamburger Fry: Grilled hamburgers and hot dogs, beans, homemade salads and desserts. Raffle and music (the Torrington Fiddlers). 5–7p, $7 adults, $3 children (6–11), free for children under 5, Hawk Springs Community Center, info 532-5081 (Venita Cochran).

Jay Em ONGOING Tours of Historic Jay Em on the Rawhide: Tour seven buildings, learn local history. May– September, by appointment. U.S. 85 between Lusk and Lingle. Info 735-4364 (Marjorie Sanborn) or 322-2839 (Hazel Mudgett).

JULY 16

MONDAYS & THURSDAYS Story Time for Preschoolers: 10:30a, Uinta County Library, info 787-6556, on Facebook, or at uintalibrary.org.

Meeteetse JULY 15 Gypsy Cowbelle with Packin’ the Mail Live Outdoor Concert: 6p, free.

JULY 16 National Day of the Cowboy: Ranch Rodeo at the Rodeo Grounds, donation supper with a small presentation following at the Oasis Campground (6p), then a dance with Kostas and Country Traditions (7p–12a). Info meeteetsewy.com or events@meeteetsewy. com (Tess Fremlin).

JULY 17 Double Dee Ranch/Amelia Earhart Tour: Special appearance by “Amelia Earhart.” Tour leaves museum at 8:30a, begins on site at 10:30a. Free.

JULY 30 Historic Pitchfork Ranch Tour/Black-Footed Ferret Rediscovery Site: 10a, free. Tour leaves museum at 9a.

AUG 6 Kirwin Tour: This is a tour of the historic ghost town of Kirwin put on by the Meeteetse Museum. Info 868-2423, meeteetsewy.com, or events@meeteetsewy.com (Tess Fremlin).

Moorcroft JULY 13 Moorcroft Area Chamber of Commerce Meeting: 12p at Gifts, Thrifts, and Ifts downtown.

ONGOING West Texas Trail Museum: Mon–Fri, 9a–5p, FREE admission, info 756-9300 (Cynthia Clonch, Museum Director).

Mountain View MONDAYS & THURSDAYS Story Time for Preschoolers: 10:30a, Uinta County Library, info 782-3161, on Facebook, or at uintalibrary.org.

Pine Bluffs TUESDAYS Bingo: New players welcome. 7p, 25¢ per card, 14 games, recreation meeting room, info 245-3301.

Powell AUG 6 Park County Slide: An NRHA sanctioned show hosted by the Cowboy States Reining Horse Association. Classes from Open to Green Horse, Green Reiner, and classes for 10 and under to 50 and over. Park County Fairgrounds, info cowboystatesreiners.com.

AUG 7 Semi-Private Lessons: Cowboy States Reining Horse Association will be hosting NRHA Professional and judge, Chuck Nesmith at the Park County Fairgrounds. Call 851-0443 to get signed up.

ONGOING Sideburns and Spit Curls: Inspired by a collection of vintage barber and beauty artifacts, Homesteader Museum celebrates barber shops and beauty salons in another new playful exhibit, Sideburns and Spit Curls: Untangling the Roots of Beauty. Runs through September.

TO SUBMIT AN EVENT… SEND COMPLETE INFORMATION FOR NEXT ISSUE’S EVENTS BY JULY 5! Please remember that events from the 10th of the current month to the 10th of the next month are included in each issue. Also, please be sure to include the date, title, description, time, cost, location, and contact information for each event. Each month we select an event for our Featured Event listing. These events have regional appeal and must be submitted with high-resolution photos.

QUESTIONS AND SUBMISSIONS: E-mail: wren@wyomingrea.org Call: 307-772-1968 Write: Ave., JULY2710 2016Thomes WREN MAGAZINE Cheyenne, WY 82001

31


WHAT'S HAPPENING

costumed reenactments. 125 Main St., info southpasscity.com.

Riverside JULY 29–30 WHAT Fest: Over thirty musical acts including The Black Lilies, The Patti Fiasco, Jalan Crossland Band. BearTrap Cafe, WY 230. Camping nearby. Info 321-3314. $10 per day, $15 weekend.

Riverton JULY 15–17 Riverton Rendezvous: Starts with the Balloon Rally—watch the sky fill with balloons. The media flight is on Friday. Tons of activities planned Saturday and Sunday. Check the website for a complete schedule. Info www. rivertonrendezvous.com.

Saratoga ONGOING Saratoga Museum: 10a–4p Thur–Mon, info 326-5511, 710-3226, or saratoga-museum.com.

ONGOING Art Shelter Gallery and Shop: Both gallery spaces will be displaying work daily, and the shop will be open 7 days a week. Artist is on site with work in progress. Free admission and free coffee and tea available to browsers.

Shoshoni JULY 15 Annual Kids Gymkhana Rodeo: True western barrel racing, pole bending and a couple of traditional games like big t, ribbon race, keyhole race and more! Food vendors onsite. 6p, Art Shanley Memorial Arena, info 8400209 or thacker_d@outlook.com.

South Pass City JULY 9–10 Gold Rush Days: Celebrate life in a real western ghost town & gold mining camp. Highlights include a vintage baseball, stamp mill and printing press demonstrations, live saloon music, anvil blasting, and authentic

WJRA

Rodeo:

HSC

Fairgrounds,

info

thermopolischamber.org.

Sundance JULY 8–10 Veterans Ride to the Wall: Hosted by Rolling Thunder Rocky Mountain Region. Friday band at The Dime, Sat. Motorcycle Parade & Ride to Memorial Wall, followed by Street Music & Sun. Church Service. Open to public!

JULY 24–31

Torrington JULY 15–17 Energy

Capital

Show

Circuit:

American

Quarter Horse Show. 7:30a, day haul or grounds fee $10 a day per horse, Goshen Country Fairgrounds, info 701-361-7732 (Mary Glass) or 605-430-1722 (Terry Scott).

Crook County Fair: “Stirrup Country Pride Crook County Wide.” Crook County Fairgrounds. Full schedule available at crookcofair.com. Info 283-2644 (Carolyn).

JULY 25–30 Goshen County Fair: On July 28, there will be an Ag Breakfast at 6:30a and a Fair Parade at 10a. Free, Goshen County Fairgrounds.

ONGOING Crook County Museum: Summer hours Mon–Fri 8a–5p. FREE Admission. Located in basement of the Crook County Courthouse. Info 283-3666 (Rocky Courchaine, Museum Director).

TUESDAYS & THURSDAYS

Shell

JULY 30–31

Sip ‘N Walk Historical Tours: July 12–August 24 at 6 & 7:30p. Adults & Children welcome. Tickets available at the Museum. Info 2833666.

THURSDAYS TOPS (Taking Off Pounds Sensibly): 8–10a, Senior Friendship Center, info 334-3358 (Dana Williams) or 532-0728 (Judy Stellpflug).

Upton JULY 15–17 Fun Days!: Friday – Golf, Ice Cream, so much more! Saturday 16 – Parade through town, Air Show, Events at the City Park, Cornhole

FRIDAYS Friday Nights at Old Stoney: July 15– August 25, enjoy special historical attraction presentations. Old Stoney (108 N. 4th). Info 283-3666 (Museum).

Tournament, a BBQ and more! Sunday – Golf Tournament. Info at 468-2642 (Brittany Trandall) for a full schedule!

TUESDAYS Old Town Farmers Market: Beginning July

Ten Sleep

19 and continuing until growing season is over. 5–7p, free admission, Old Town west of

FIRST THURSDAYS Acoustic Open Mic Night: 7p, Ten Sleep Brewing Co. Check our online calendar of events for more happenings at tensleepbrewingco.com.

Upton, info 468-2702 (Diana White).

Thermopolis

SATURDAYS

JULY 9–10

morning, starting July 9 thru the end of Sept.

Lions Ranch Rodeo: HSC Fairgrounds, info thermopolischamber.org.

Pastries, Pies, Produce, Bread, Blankets, Beef,

JULY 15–17

the Pocket Park on 9th street in Downtown

THS All Class Reunion: thermopolischamber.org.

ANTIQUES STORE Discover, learn, love.

Please come visit us in Gillette, WY 211 W 2nd St. Open Wednesday - Saturday | 307-686-5667

Wheatland Platte County Farmers’ Market: Every Saturday

Info

and handmade Jewelry for sale! 8–10:30a @ Wheatland.

Worland ONGOING Washakie Museum: Summer hours Mon– Fri 9a–5:30p, Sat 9a–5p, Sun 12–4p. Info washakiemuseum.org or 347-4102.

Wright FIRST WEDNESDAYS Thunder Basin Belles Meeting: We are now meeting the first Wednesday of each month at 11:30a. The location is subject to change.

Please come visit us in Gillette, WY 211 W 2nd St. Open Wednesday - Saturday | 307-686-5667

Lunch: $7 for those 59 years and under, $3 for those 60 years and up.

THIRD FRIDAYS Dinner: 5–7p, Wright Community Center.

32

WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016


CLASSIFIEDS

1. EQUIPMENT

5. POULTRY

9. OPPORTUNITIES

13. HELP WANTED

17. TRAVEL & RECREATION

2. FOR SALE

6. REAL ESTATE

10. MISCELLANEOUS

14. DOGS

18. HEALTH

3. HORSES

7. WANTED

11. BUSINESS CONSULTING

15. EMPLOYMENT SOUGHT

19. PERSONAL

4. LIVESTOCK

8. CRAFTS

12. FOR RENT

16. BUILDING SUPPLIES

2. FOR SALE ALFALFA OR GRASS MIX HAY, 3x3 Bales, Nice Barn Stored in Farson, WY 307-3500350.

VINTAGE DOCTOR’S BUGGY. Single horse

WANT TO PURCHASE MINERALS & OTHER

with shaves. Convertible top. Excellent

OIL/GAS INTERESTS. Send details to: PO

Condition.

Box 13557, Denver, CO 80201.

Branding Iron Incl.Riverton WY. Don Strube 307-856-6020.

Used in

parades. Call or email for more info. 307347-2095 ElmerFixItShop@gmail.com. VINTAGE

BRAND 3—X. Paid through 2023. Electric

Stored indoors.

2-SEATER.

Single-horse

buckboard

with

shaves.

Condition.

Stored

indoors.

WE PAY CASH FOR MINERAL & OIL/GAS pull

Excellent Used

GRASS HAY. No rain. No weeds. In barn. rounds & small squares. 307-745-4553.

800-733- 8122.

in

parades. Call or email for more info. 307347-2095 ElmerFixItShop@gmail.com.

Excellent for horse or cow. 3 x 4’s—

INTERESTS producing & non-producing.

10. MISCELLANEOUS FREE FUEL to heat cold spaces—home,

7. WANTED

office, work-shop, greenhouse. Passive solar

HALE DOUBLE-HORSE TRAILER. Good tires.

ANTIQUE COLLECTOR LOOKING FOR OIL

Priced to sell! Worland. ElmerFixItShop@

COMPANY GAS PUMPS, GLOBES AND

gmail.com

SIGNS. Also general antiques for our

panels.

Simple

install.

Custom

designed. No plumbing. “Looks like a window, heats like a furnace!” 970-3101775. www.SunnyTherm.com.

antique shop, please see our Frontier HEATMOR OUTDOOR FURNACES, heat your home with wood, coal, used oil, or pellets with a stove that is backed with Limited Lifetime Warranty. www.heatmor.com or

Auto

Museum

ad.

307-680-8647,

jwandler@LNH.net. WANTED: OLD WYOMING LICENSE PLATES & DAV TAGS (MINI LICENSE PLATES):

call 307-710-6264. NEW & USED COAL STOKERS, parts, service & advice. Available for most makes.

17. TRAVEL & RECREATION KAUAI VACATION RENTAL. 2 bdrm, full

Any Year, Any County, Any Condition.

kitchen. Minutes from beaches. $600 per

Please call John Stalick, 307-696-3376,

week. 808-245-6500; kauaiweddings.com;

cowboystateplates@wyoming.com.

mokihana@hawaiian.net.

Thanks. 307-754-3757. SHAVER

OUTDOOR

FURNANCE.

WOOD

Aermotor

BOILER

Windmills

PUZZLE ANSWERS

PUZZLE ON PAGE 24

and

parts, cylinders, pipe, rod, submersible pumps, motors, control boxes, Hastings

2

5

1

7

8

9

12

31

2

7

50

14

4

12 ga. bottomless stock tanks and more.

Solution: 7

Herren Bros., Box 187, Harrison NE. 1-308-668-2582.

Solution: 64 6

7

2

14

5

SURPLUS EQUIPMENT NEW AND USED: Generators, air heaters, engine driven pumps, submersible pumps (sizes range:

7

Solution: 14

5-50 HP and 15-200 GPM on used pumps),

8

5

1

solar pumps, trash pumps, 3” and 4” polypipe, etc. A variety of types and sizes

2

16

3

8

1

11

available. Call for pricing and details: Premier Powerplants & Pumps, Farson,

Solution: 16

WY 307-273-9591.

Solution: 4

TOWN FOR SALE. +/-50 acres, Restaurant, lounge, 5 cabins, 5 RV Hookups, 2

18

12

5

6

16

11

4

6

14

garages, Full Liquor License. Inquire at: Buffalo Realty LLC, Buffalo, WY, Cristy Kinghorn, 307-620-0037.

Solution: 22

Solution: 26

JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

33


JUST PICTURE IT

1

JULY’S THEME:

On the Farm AUGUST: TRANSPORTATION Deadline: July 5 SEPTEMBER: PETS Deadline: August 5 OCTOBER: AUTUMN Deadline: September 5

To be considered for publication,

2

please include high-quality digital files* or an original we can scan, as well as details about the artwork, the artist’s name, and the co-op.

*Use the highest quality setting on your camera, or save digital artwork as a .jpg or .tif file with at least 300 dpi resolution. Don’t use Kodak Easy Share®.

4

Send digital files* to wren@wyomingrea.org. Mail prints to Just Picture It, c/o WREN Magazine, 2710 Thomes Ave., Cheyenne, WY 82001. If you would like us to return your work, please include a selfaddressed, stamped envelope.

3


5

8 1. Our neighbor helping his daughter meet the new calf under the mother’s watchful eye

Andrea Tolman, Basin, Wyo.

2. Our granddaughter Jerzey Fiedor having quiet time with her bum calves, Smokey and Bandit

Marilyn Mackey, Gillette, Wyo.

3. Our two-year-old granddaughter, Tansy, bottle feeding a calf during calving season

6

Dixie Roth, Torrington, Wyo.

4. My son Brannock feeding his horse Stormy

Michelle Rambo, Riverton, Wyo.

5. “Cattle Call”

9

Neil Suntych, Wheatland, Wyo.

6. My daughter Baylie walking her 4H pigs and steer. Efficiency at its finest!

7

Lindsy Booth, Veteran, Wyo.

7. Play time with the calves

Beau Bingham, Laramie, Wyo.

8. Cody and Turbo during haying season at Grandpa’s farm

Cindy Colvin, Rock Springs, Wyo.

9. Calving time!

10

Robin Riesland, Newcastle, Wyo.

10. “Everybody has a job”—kids helping at branding time

Marion Dickinson, Greybull, Wyo.

JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

35


TO ADVERTISE: E-mail: wren@wyomingrea.org Call: Dhara Rose – 307-772-1552

M A G A Z I N E

36

WREN MAGAZINE

JULY 2016

Write: 2710 Thomes Ave. Cheyenne, WY 82001


An Old Guy “Shares” Some New Thoughts on Social Media

BY CHUCK LARSEN

W

e were all gathered in the training room at the cooperative office, and perched on one of the training tables sat a device that would change our world forever: the basic personal computer (PC). I remember we all stood around in awe as this new piece of office equipment was demonstrated—floppy disk and all. Personally, I generally find myself more inclined to be the proverbial “old dog” when it comes to learning new tricks, so as we embarked on this

new technological odyssey, I went in with both feet dragging (OK…it was more like kicking and screaming, but I went nonetheless). That life-changing day happened in the early 1980s, and since I’m now a senior citizen it is safe for me to say that it seems like it was just yesterday. The PC and all the related technologies that followed revolutionized how we stepped into the future at our respective rural electric co-ops. I can remember my dad talking about all the changes he’d seen in his lifetime:

cars, tractors, radio, electricity and telephone at the farm, refrigeration, television, and a man on the moon (who would have ever dreamed of such an event?). The magic and evolution of my dad’s list goes on and on. So too are the changes that have occurred since our first introduction to the PC. The PC and the development of a multitude of related technologies and programs is mind boggling. It wasn’t long before everyone had a cell phone and soon thereafter almost everyone had a cell phone that operates as a PC. These days our lives are filled JULY 2016

WREN MAGAZINE

37


ENLIGHTEN US

with text messages, word documents, spreadsheets, voicemails, iTunes, FaceTime, selfies, Facebook, apps, iBooks, and tweets. Now even an old curmudgeon like me has to try to keep up a little bit with technology, and recently I purchased one of newest iPhones (my old phone could be recharged with a set of jumper cables and the battery in my truck). And I have to admit that one of the first things I do now each morning is check to see if I have any email, voicemails, or text messages (I haven’t started checking the obituaries for my name… yet). Then I proceed to use this same convenient little device to check the weather forecast and breaking news stories. Following in the footsteps of this technology came “social media” and the ability to communicate with the simple press of a key. After joining the social medial onslaught, I have to admit that deep down (here I go reminiscing again) I miss the good, old-fashioned, face-to-face sound of a good friend’s voice when we used to sit down over a cup of coffee and catch up on each other’s lives. Sure,

social

media

offers

the

opportunity to utilize Facetime, and we can stream our images to each other while we chat—but it’s just not the same. Oh, my friends and family can and do still get together often, but with all the communicative shortcuts in the world today we find that when we do meet face to face we’ve already “shared” our most recent life events on social media and not many want to hear re-runs. Sadly, at times I find myself reacting to a post containing the acronym “LOL” (which I learned recently means “laugh out loud”) by trying to remember what that person’s real laugh actually sounds like. On the subject of social media “sharing,” I truly find it amazing what people will print or say on social media. It’s as if they feel somehow insulated by their iPhone or PC and are able to express or reveal things they would not normally say in a face-to-face encounter. It seems like everything is fair game these days and that the “personal” component of PC has taken on a whole new meaning. In my many years (and my wife will attest to this), I have on occasion expressed thoughts in verbal conversation that I wish I could take back or have a chance for a re-do. With most social media applications, the user does have the

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WREN MAGAZINE

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chance to complete a re-read and make sure that what they are conveying is actually what they truly want to say— before they hit the “send” icon. It’s a last chance to ask oneself, “Would I really say those things in conversation if a person was actually looking me in the eye?” Then there are the “selfies.” I’m not sure what compels seemingly rational individuals to get on social media and feel the need to frequently share a photo of themselves…that they have just taken of themselves. Now I may wonder about the sound of a laugh associated with an “LOL,” as previously stated, but I generally don’t forget what people look like (not yet anyway). Then there are those selfies where I find myself caught between hitting the “Like” icon in order to not hurt anyone’s feelings, simply not responding at all, or wanting to message back, “What were you thinking?” As I stated earlier, I am now among the ranks of the senior citizens, and most of us will attest that we do actually experience those “senior moments” like forgetfulness and losing things (cell phones, for example). When these events happen to me, I find myself either cussing or laughing about what I’ve just done (or not done). Generally, I complete this futile exercise by berating myself in a mumbling tirade. However, it has occurred to me as I write this that maybe the next time this happens I should just pick up my iPhone, text myself, and say what I really think! W Chuck Larsen managed Saratoga-based Carbon Power & Light for 23 years. He now lives in Hulett with his wife, Linda.


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Have you ever said to yourself “I’d love to get a computer, if only I could figure out how to use it.” Well, you’re not alone. Computers were supposed to make our lives simpler, but they’ve gotten so complicated that they are not worth the trouble. With all of the “pointing and clicking” and “dragging and dropping” you’re lucky if you can figure out where you are. Plus, you are constantly worrying about viruses and freeze-ups. If this sounds familiar, we have great news for you. There is finally a computer that’s designed for simplicity and ease of use. It’s the WOW Computer, and it was designed with you in mind. This computer is easy-to-use, worryfree and literally puts the world at

your fingertips. From the moment you open the box, you’ll realize how different the WOW Computer is. The components are all connected; all you do is plug it into an outlet and your high-speed Internet connection. Then you’ll see the screen – it’s now 22 inches. This is a completely new touch screen system, without the cluttered look of the normal computer screen. The “buttons” on the screen are easy to see and easy to understand. All you do is touch one of them, from the Web, Email, Calendar to Games– you name it… and a new screen opens up. It’s so easy to use you won’t have to ask your children or grandchildren for help. Until now, the very people who could benefit most from E-mail and the Internet are the ones that have had the hardest time accessing it. Now, thanks to the WOW Computer, countless older Americans are discovering the wonderful world of the Internet every day. Isn’t it time

you took part? Call now, and you’ll find out why tens of thousands of satisfied seniors are now enjoying their WOW Computers, emailing their grandchildren, and experiencing everything the Internet has to offer. Call today! • Send & Receive Emails • Have video chats with family and friends • Surf the Internet: Get current weather and news • Play games Online: Hundreds to choose from!

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Little Learners FOR CHILDREN AGES 0-5

ideas for making

4

PLAYGROUND TRIPS

child’s play

Kids grow all day every day and you can help give them a bright future with brain-boosting activities. But don’t worry—kids don’t need fancy toys to learn. All they need is you. These are easy ways to make sure trips to the playground are fun and engaging.

1

2

3

4

Tour guide!

Play nice!

No boo-boos!

1-2-Wheee!

Ask your child to give you a tour of the playground and show you their favorite spot to play.

As you play together, talk about the importance of taking turns.

Bring a basic first aid kit and teach your child how to put on a Band-Aid.

Count together how many times you push your child on the swing.

Do you ever Read. giggle. hug. with a child? We want to celebrate those quality moments! We’ll highlight one submission each month in our WREN advertisement and we’ll also feature the Honorable Mentions on our website. Email high-quality digital files of your favorite quality moments with a little one to WYQCprogram@gmail.com, upload at wyqualitycounts.org/WREN, or mail your photos to 2710 Thomes Ave, Cheyenne, WY 82001. Please include a caption with your photo. If you would like for us to return your work, please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope.

WY Quality Counts, housed in the Department of Workforce Services, helps Wyoming parents and child care providers identify and create quality learning experience for children, thanks to the funding of the Wyoming State Legislature. All WY Quality Counts activities are supported by the Wyoming Early Learning Foundations and Guidelines, as well as the Domains of Development, which include:

COMMUNICATION

SENSE OF SELF & RELATIONSHIPS

CURIOUS MINDS

STRONG & HEALTHY BODIES

WREN July 2016  

WREN July 2016

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