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Selected Works 816.510.4130


Selected Works 816.510.4130

ACADEMIC ________________________________________________

01 Conflicting Corridors

A Plant Science Center for the Urban Environment

02 Fern-iture

A Small Scale Social & Ecological Investigation

03 Public Display

Artists & Architects Program in Marfa, Texas

04 West Texas Residence

A House for an Aviator & Swimmer

05 Dematerialized Transitions

Searching for Formlessness in Public Space

06 Avian Observatory

Riverlands Migratory Bird Sanctuary

07 Mediating Urban Dichotomy

From the Urban Landscape to Residential Intimacy

08 Shifting from Lines to Surfaces

A Transformative Investigation Through Process

09 Contouring Climatic Porosity A Symbiotic Relationship

10 Urban Theatre

Performer & Audience Dynamics

11 Building Systems Case Studies

P R O FESSI O N A L ________________________________________________

12 Terraforming Pavilions | AGENCY Architecture Vlora Waterfront Master Plan | The Pulse

13 ElastiCity | AGENCY Architecture Gjilan, Kosovo | Breaking the Axis

14 Skinker Blvd | Studio Jantzen

St. Louis, Missouri | Streetscape Masterplan

15 University of Chicago Parking Garage | LAU Lab Chicago, Illinois

16 funCIO Twin Sleeper | LAU Lab A Bed for Ignacio & Benicio

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Washington University in St. Louis | St. Louis, Missouri Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts Master of Architecture with Honors AIA Certificate of Merit | 2014 Study Abroad | Barcelona | Summer 2013 The Mary Pipkin Johnson & Joseph Yandell Johnson Scholarship University of Missouri - Columbia | Columbia, Missouri BS Architectural Studies | Cum Laude Study Abroad | DIS Copenhagen | Spring 2009

Academic Experience

2011 - 2014

2013 - 2014 2008 - 2010

Graduate Core Studio II Teaching Assistant | Washington University in St. Louis advised students through design process and development of studio projects Professor: Andrew Colopy

Spring 2014

Environmental Systems II Teaching Assistant | Washington University in St. Louis an advanced graduate level systems integration course led weekly workshop discussions provided design, graphic, and technical assistance on projects Professor: Chandler Ahrens

Spring 2014

GAC | Graduate Architecture Council Social Chair

2012 - 2013

Alberti Program | Architecture for Young People Studio Instructor for fourth through ninth grade students from St. Louis schools

2011 - 2012

Reach Out and Read | Kansas City, Missouri Read to children in the waiting room at the local health clinic

Summer 2011

Technical Skills

Digital Rhino, V-Ray, AutoCAD, Revit, SketchUp, Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Microsoft Office, Photography Conceptual Research, Mapping, Graphics, Editing, Layouts Physical Hand drafting, Sketching, Physical Modeling, Construction, Fabrication, Collaboration

Professional Experience

ManyOne | St. Louis, Missouri | Principal & Co-founder Projects: Sukkahville 2014: Temporary Transcendence (on-going competition) Fern-iture (built) | Union Cemetery Columbarium: Kansas City (SD)

Spring 2014

Approach | St. Louis, Missouri Photographer / Image Editor Approach is a selective sampling of work from the Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design at the Sam Fox School of Design and Visual Arts

2011 - 2014

AGENCY Architecture LLC | New York, New York collaborated on design competitions including: Vlora Waterfront | Master Plan | The Pulse Europan 12 | ElastiCity

2013 & 2014

Studio Jantzen | Venice, California Skinker Blvd Streetscape Masterplan | Schematic Design researched existing and proposed conditions through diagrammatic analysis

Fall 2013

Olin Business School | Executive MBA Program Washington University in St. Louis graphic designer and marketing assistant

Fall 2012

LAU Lab | Landscape Architecture Urbanism schematic design proposals, digital models, renderings and design diagrams for various projects including housing in Argentina, a parking garage, and furniture

Summer 2012

Awards / Exhibitions / Publications

Pinup 2014 Emerging Talent | Finalist | Morpholio Project (on-going)

Summer 2014

Pinup 2014 Shapes Future Award | Finalist | Morpholio Project (on-going)

Summer 2014

MARFA DIALOGUES / St. Louis Fern-iture project exhibited at the Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts A city-wide experiment looking at the intersection of artistic practice, climate change science, and civic engagement

Summer 2014

American Institute of Architects Certificate of Merit

Spring 2014

Dean’s Travel Grant Recipient Travel to New York for Thesis Research

Spring 2014

Approach | Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Design Student Publication

2011 - 2014

I-CARES Student Competition | First Place Project: Fern-iture

Fall 2013

d3 - Housing Tomorrow 2013 Competition | Exhibition | Houston, Texas Project: Mediating Urban Dichotomy

Spring 2013

01 Conflicting Corridors: A Plant Science Center for the Urban Environment St. Louis, Missouri | Spring 2014

St. Louis is a fragmented city of urban activity. Between these fragments lie industrial, social, and ecological networks. Each of these networks is a vital part of St. Louis. However, instead of creating continuity and accessibility throughout the city, these systems often disrupt flows between corridors within the city and surrounding region through the use of segregating infrastructure. Reconsideration of these relationships allows the urban environment to dissipate into a landscape and become an architecture that reacts to the site, and belongs to the city. The architecture negotiates an evolving sensory experience from the visual and acoustic intensity of the surrounding infrastructure, to the unexpected sites, sounds, smells, and textures of the remediated landscape.

Remediation as a Catalyst

Understanding the historical context of the site through hydrology, urban fabric, industrial infrastructure, edge conditions, and surface strategy led to a design that could be phased over many years as the site is transformed and becomes reintegrated into the surrounding city. Historically, the area was part of Cheaoutu’s Pond, a place of recreation, that brought the people of the city together. Eventually it became so heavily polluted that it was filled in with a sewer system and surfaced with railraod infrastructure. Currently, the site, an underutilized 1,500 space parking lot, is cut off from the city by surrounding rail lines, a metro line, and elevated highway. A phasing strategy transforms the site through a process of phytoremediation, cleansing the site from soil contamination and giving it back to the city, while developing St. Louis’s identity as a leader in the field of plant science research.

Site Strategy



us : 4’




us : 7’


Phased planting strategies will remiate the soil and give the space back to the city as a public plaza that lies adjacent to Busch Stadium. The west half of the site acts as the research center in the form of labs, greenhouses, field testing plots, and public program such as educational facilities, auditorium, walking and biking trails, and cafe.

Site Section


I-CARES Competition Winner | St. Louis, Missouri | Spring 2014

Fern-iture was originally conceived as a conceptual entry for the 2013 I-CARES (International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability) Competition. The project demonstrates and encourages multidisciplinary and multifunctional thinking through sustainable design which addresses both social and ecological elements. It is intended to be installed on large, impervious surfaces to create opportunities for new, spontaneous social interaction, in addition to the micro scale environmental impacts. The installation is a small scale proposal to identify and transform urban and ecological issues through design. The piece of Fern-iture is compartmentalized into 8 components each of the six seating sides of the hexagon can be removed from the central planter, which can be separated into two halves. This allows for two individuals to disassemble the project within minutes, transport, and reassemble the project in a new location with little effort. The hexagonal shape optimizes seating variations to create more social or more isolated experiences, based on the user’s desire. The more pieces of Fern-iture that exist in a space, the greater the impact and potential for accumulation and organization of the various spatial strategies. While the project is not a solution to climate change, it can begin a dialogue on approaching issues of urbanization and ecological instability. Fern-iture will be on exhibition at the Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts July 30 - August 3 for Marfa Dialogues / St. Louis. The Pulitzer Arts Foundation, Ballroom Marfa and the Public Concern Foundation are bringing Marfa Dialogues to the St. Louis area to examine the ways in which art can serve as a catalyst for unexpected collaboration. This experiment is aligned with the Pulitzer’s current exhibition, Art of Its Own Making, which features artists who examine materials, environment, and how generative elements impact the works of art they create.

03 Public Display: Residence | Studio | Exhibition Marfa, Texas | Fall 2013

The framework for the project began with an initial visit to Marfa, an anomoly in the West Texas Desert. Access to the artwork at the Judd & Chinati Foundation have a limited viewing experience except through formal tours. However, local galleries in town offer more open experiences when viewing art work. A town surviving on artistic tourism has a unique opportunity to engage the artists and their work in a natural atmosphere.

Sculpture Garden

Reflective glass of the gallery creates an ambiguous surface, expanding the spatial experience of the sculpture garden, while a dry arroyo serves as a walking path during the dry months and displays the water during sudden rain storms.

Concept | Experiencing the Process

An interstitial loop circulating among the artist work spaces creates a transparent interaction between art, artists, and the visitors.

Physical Model

Main Entrance | Arrival

Often when galleries are closed, there is no visual access to the artwork. The operable vertical louvers create a visual connection into the site, a preliminary transparent interaction with the art and artists within.

Site Section

West texas has an incredible landscape. Unfortunately, it is rarely experienced in the town of Marfa.

Physical Model

Structural & Formal Exploration

Floor Plan

Site Section

Studios, Residences, & Exhibition Gallery

Studio Residence Interior

Large spans of glass allow visitors to visually engage the artists’ work while a density of CMU walls creates privacy for the living spacs.

Upper Level Plan

Ground Level Plan

Longitudinal Section

04 West Texas Residence: A house for an aviator & swimmer Marfa, Texas | Fall 2013

The site is located a few miles outside of Marfa, Texas in the middle of the West Texas desert. It is vast, flat, isolated, and overwhelming.

Conceptual Diagram: Mediating a Scaleless Site

Sectionally, the house continuously reorients the residents in the landscape, while the walls densify, creating more intimate spaces as they move through the house. Thick masonry walls and overhangs control the intense climate of the west texas desert along the southern edge of the house by retaining heat during the day and releasing it at night.

Covered Entry / Driveway

Section Perspective

Physical Model

Passive Climate Control

Structure and enclosure were optimized to contorl direct sunlight exposure and natrual ventilation.

N^ | Summer

A system of overhangs, elongated masonry walls, and vertical louvers prevent the heat of direct summer sun exposure from penetrating interior spaces.

N^ | Winter

The programmed CMU walls exposed along the southern edge act as a thermal mass while filtering direct sunlight to protect exhibited artwork in the rooms to the north.

Physical Model

South Elevation

Main Entry / Circulation Corridor

Library / Study

Structure & Spatial Organization

A core of strucutral CMU walls contain the program of the house including seating, stairs, bathrooms, kitchen utilities, and mechanical equipment.

05 Dematerialized Transitions Barcelona, Spain | Summer 2013

A fast paced eight week summer studio in Barcelona created an oppotunity for an intuitve design process. This began a search for formlessness in public space.

Top Left: Sensory Sketches

A feeling is always richer, more intense and emotional than seeing. This became a way of visually creating something unexpected, a way to express the density, the tone, the activity at each zone of the site.

Middle Left: Transitional Wireframe Drawing

Exploring the transition into and through the site and seeing ideas of physical and metaphysical boundaries.

Bottom: Physical Model

Formlessness in Public Space

Transition in quality and experience of space defined by the strucal language.

Site Section

The project dematerializes from formal enclosure to adaptive open space while allowing for uninterrupted transitions through existing paths and streets.

Physical Model

Detail Section

Steel tubes with reinforcing members keeps the structure thin and light. It is a continuous system where columns become beams and arches. The open structure allows for mechanical systems to run through conditioned spaces, while a dropped ceiling and clerestory windows allow for indirect sunlight to fill the interior. Prefabricated panels change and dissolve from copper to wood and age with the site over time. Wood is used at areas that meet the skin while copper provides a vibrant texture for the neighborhood.

06 Avian Observatory: Riverlands Migratory Bird Sanctuary St. Louis, Missouri | Spring 2013

We began by reimagining the surrounding landscape, trail networks, vehicular access and vegetation, to minimize the disturbance to sensitive species. The approach also carefully choreographs a sequence of views to the observatory and surrounding landmarks keyed to informational graphics that help to educate visitors while crafting a memorable experience.

In Collaboration with: Andrew Colopy,Visiting Assistant Professor | Ken Tracy, Visiting Assistant Professor Students: Haosheng Zhang, Dave Orndorff, Wu Hao, Wassef Dabbousi, Yu Rong, Ji Na Kim, Yilong Wang, Nike Cao, Yao Xia, Yu Xin

Site | Heron Pond

Within a bird sanctuary that provides 3,700 acres of protected habitat at a critical juncture along the Mississippi Migratory Flyway, Heron Pond is a constructed wetland, hydrologically managed by the Corps of Engineers. Stopover or home to more than 300 avian species, birders and school groups convene along the water’s edge to experience this unique ecology.



View to the south, towards the cantiilver

Formal Taxonomies

Exploring advantages and restrictions of various typologies
















On the exterior, we studied the performance and culture use of camouflage. But, the intent is not to blend in, just the opposite. Birds aren’t bothered by the building, just the activity and presence of people. So the structure stands out from the context to attract visitors, but hides the people within through shaded apertures that blend into the exterior patterning.


The design also contends with a difficult issue: flooding. Durable materials and lifting the grade just above flood stage help mitigate modest floods while improving visual access to the pond. But in a major flood, where floating debris is a concern, the exterior panels are demountable and can be taken to higher ground.

1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6:

Cast in Place Concrete Slab Richlite Exterior Surface Aluminum Frame Perforated Aluminum Timber Frame Translucent Corrugated Polycarbonate


Inside, you’ll find diagonal apertures that permit viewing by people of varying height. There’s also a larger gathering space where Audubon and Corps staff can talk with school groups, and a special raised area offering more expansive views. The interior is surfaced with black perforated aluminum, which helps to muffle sound and keep the interior dim while hiding visitors from view.

07 Mediating Urban Dichotomy:

From the Urban Landscape to Residential Intimacy St. Louis, Missouri | Fall 2012

In today’s urban environment, the car has an important role and huge impact in organizing and cultivating cities across the world. The car is responsible for 80% of the noise in our cities, creating a distortion in the scale of large uninhabitable space along urban intersections and excessive distances between buildings, along with the need for vapid acoustic barriers. These barriers result in a banal space that is identical in various cities throughout the world. Furthermore, the disproportionate space and barriers divide the city and suppress biodiversity. Looking beyond the already-developable existing buildings and lots, this solution seeks to create new sites in the city within these troubled areas of the existing urban landscape that can become viable opportunities for development.

Site Collage showing the duality that exists at the site between the heavily trafficked urban intersection and the quiet residential neighborhood

This infrastructure of urban intersections establishes a distressing environment between the numerous lanes of fast-paced cars that create visual and acoustic pollution overloading our senses. As more people move to urban environments, there will be a need to expand these intersections by adding more routes and lanes, increasing the square footage of uninhabitable land. If this growth pattern progresses and we continue to neglect the margins, horizontal expansion of the city is inevitable.

Site Section

Studio Living Unit

One Bedroom Living Unit

The city of St. Louis, Missouri was examined at different scales focussing on a range of urban intersections from 8 lane highways to 4 lane inner-city streets. These intersections can produce intense volumes of noise, disturbing the surrounding residents. To deal with the issue, the city has surrounded these distressing intersections with uninhabitable, dead space that solely serves to establish a large enough distance to allow for the noise levels to diminish to a comfortable level.

The social, shared spaces become barriers to the urban evnironment, protecting the intimate, private spaces within.

08 Shifting from Lines to Surfaces St. Louis, Missouri | Fall 2012

A transformative investigation through process. “I like watching rain from my studio window, especially when rain drops start to make the line on my window. Those lines and the mistiness of rain looks beautiful to me and looks like a veil between real and unreal worlds.� - Seiko Kinoshita

Left: Transformative Mechanism

Inspiration & Concept Models


Digital Optimization

Digital Transformation

Transitive Sections

Ground Level Floor Plan & Section

09 Contouring Climatic Porosity St. Louis, Missouri | Spring 2012

By looking at the geometry and climatic response of natural systems, the project began to build formal and operative logics. The natural landscape was studied in terms of topography, climate, and material conditions, both analytically through their microclimates and expressively in a response to their horizons.

By studying the biological conditions of foliose lichen, the project was able to utilize various characteristics in order to become a performative structure that is integrated into the landscape. The openings vary in size and depth on each directional side, optimizing conditions for natural lighting, ventilation, and solar heat gain.

Climatic Response

Site section through existing bunker, labs, and courtyard

Site section through main entry ramp and courtyard with roof access

Process | Conceptual Models

Physical Model

Main Entry Ramp

Main Entry Interior

10 Urban Theatre

St. Louis, Missouri | Fall 2011

Traditinal performance venues restrict audience and performer interaction to the theater space. This investigation takes this concept to the critical point of pulling the two circulation and functional components into two separate strucures that collide and merge at the moments of performance.

Unfolded Section

Audience & Performer Circulation | Casa da Musica | OMA

Physical Model

11 Building Systems: The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts Tadao Ando | St. Louis, Missouri

Detail Wall Section & Physical Model In collaboration with Haosheng Zhang

Building Systems: Webster Grove Public Library Addition PBA | St. Louis, Missouri

Hand Drawing: Detail Wall Section

Zone 1 / Pine Forest

Pedestrian Corridor

Zone 2 / Tourism and Commercial Cor

Pedestrian Corridor

Zone 3 / Gateway Beach

Trail to Mountain Pass High Slope Stormwater Mitigation

Zone 4 \ Tunnel

Vlora Pu

12 Terraforming Pavilions: Vlora Waterfront Master Plan | The Pulse Vlora, Albania | Spring 2014 | AGENCY Architecture

The erosion of beachfront and arable land is a problem facing a majority of the world’s most populated areas. Strategies must be developed to take action, both in order to mitigate and slow the transformation of our geological heritage, and to prepare the world’s cities to live in a world thus transformed. Vlora, a site of unique geological and hydrological characteristics, can lead the charge in this approach, developing unique and innovative solutions and partnerships pairing research objectives with touristic and economic development strategies. These minimal interventions actively restore ecologies and orchestrate activities on an erosive coastline.

Vlora Waterfront \ Project VLORE/ALBANIA


Global Erosion Agenda

The erosion of beachfront and arable land is a problem facing a majority of the world’s Regional Model Vlora is at the center of the Mediterranean coast, a uniquely interwoven ecological and economical system bridging diverse but most populated areas. Strategies mustthroughout be developed take action,forboth in orderwaterfront complimentary cultures. Vlora’s challenges are shared the region,to andboth solutions it provides a transformative can be shared throughout. The currents and hydrological patterns in Vlora Bay are eroding the coastline of the southern Peninsula and to mitigate and slow the transformation of our geological heritage, and to prepare the depositing new beachfront throughout the competition site. The effects are visible from year to year, with structures along the southern coast increasingly submerged, the northern coast encroaching further out to sea. Interventions in this transformational world’s cities to live in and a world thus transformed. Vlora, a site of unique geological zone andmust both respond and help to shape these powerful forces that are literally reshaping Vlora. hydrological characteristics, can lead the charge in this approach, developing unique and innovative solutions and partnerships pairing research objectives with touristic and economic development strategies.

Soft Stormwater Stormwater Infrastructure Mitigation Plaza

Boardwalk Plaza

Vlora Pulse Pier

Zone 2 / Tourism and Commercial Corridor The Pulse

The Vlora Waterfront project is conceived as a series of ‘pulses’ along the coast of Vlora, energizing local economies and activity along the waterfront by extending both out into the sea, and inward into the neighborhoods. Outward extensions are newly programmed beach areas and a series of landmark piers. Inward extensions are infrastructural improvements and neighborhood connections mitigating stormwater infrastructure and connecting beach programs to the surrounding natural beauty.

Trail to Mountain Pass

Vlora Pulse Pier

13 ElastiCity

Gjilan, Kosovo | Spring 2013 | AGENCY Architecture

The project ‘breaks’ the monumental axis to enclose intimate and civic plazas, creating a vibrant destination that gives space back to the city and its residents. The project provides a flexible, adaptive framework for urban improvement, offering a robust series of alternative but equally viable solutions which can accommodate varying levels of investment and a multitude of stakeholders. The project thus provides a ‘generic specificity’ – a nuanced, idiosyncratic, and performative landscape paired with a genetic and generative architectural language – to both orchestrate new behaviors, and allow for unexpected personal occupations, engagements, interpretations, and imaginations to emerge.

Circulation Strategies

The ‘S-shape’ circulation acts to slow north/south vehicular traffic through the center and open the site to vibrant pedestrian use, while simultaneously providing more seamless connections to east/ west highway corridors.

Responsive Development | Genetic Typologies

The project ‘DNA’ is capable of achieving a variety of built forms through the distribution of simple architectural, landscape, and program components. This ‘design infrastructure’ is highly adaptable and flexible to the needs of the city and desires of its many constituents, a ‘software’ for urban development.

Eroding Spaces

The building mass is ‘eroded’ with planimetric and sectional carving to create continuous urban corridors, public entries to the building at ground level, large ‘anchor spaces’ for community gatherings, woven, flexible semi-public spaces, and private spaces which double as rainwater collection areas.

14 Skinker Blvd Streetscape Masterplan St. Louis, Missouri | Fall 2013 | Studio Jantzen

On-going | schematic design phase With 600 additional students commuting along Skinker Blvd to Washington University in St. Louis in the next two years, there is an urgency to create a safe, attractive and accessible street that prioritizes the soft and slow moving road users. The performative design induces behavior and speed at the human scale through ubran furniture, circulation, street markings, nodes of intervention, and other urban strategies. The focus is reorganized around the daily experience of the pedestrian while discouraging high speed vehicular traffic.

15 University of Chicago Campus West - NHP Parking Garage Chicago, Illinois | Summer 2012 | LAU Lab

In Collaboartion with Forum Studio, Inc. The existing structure of the massive parking garage dominates the west campus. This proposal offers a strategy to soften the staggering appearance while creating visual interest and identity for the arrival to the medical campus. The twisting louvers allow natural light to fill the parking garage while dissolving the scale, resulting in an ambiguity of the true nature of the structure.

It evokes an approachable curiousity rather than exposing the intense rigidness of a typical parking garage.

16 funCIO Twin Sleeper

St. Louis, Missouri | Summer 2012 | LAU Lab

A bed for Ignacio & Benicio

Selected Works  
Selected Works