Page 1

tIcf hntÃPv Hm^okv am\z DffS¡w

`mKwþ I BapJw A²ymbwþ1

D]{Iaw

`mKwþ II Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\w A²ymbwþ2

hntÃPpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw A²ymbwþ 3

hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS IÀ¯hy§Ä

`mKwþ III `qanbpw `q\nIpXnbpw IpSnÈnIbpw A²ymbwþ 4

`qanbpw A\p`h{Ia§fpw A²ymbwþ 5

em³Uv sdt¡mUv kwc£Ww A²ymbwþ6

\nIpXn]ncnhpw HSp¡pw A²ymbwþ 7

ASnØm\`q\nIpXn A²ymbwþ 8

sI«nS\nIpXn A²ymbwþ 9

tXm«\nIpXn A²ymbwþ 10

PetkN\ \nIpXn A²ymbwþ 11

dh\yq dn¡hdn


`mKwþ IV

`qkwc£W \S]SnIÄ A²ymbwþ 12

kÀ¡mÀ `qan kwc£Ww A²ymbwþ 13

s\Âhb þ X®oÀ¯S kwc£Ww A²ymbwþ 14

`qhn\ntbmKw

`mKwþ V `qanþ AhImihpw ssIamähpw A²ymbwþ 15

`qan ]Xnhv A²ymbwþ 16

t]m¡phchv AYhm Paamäw A²ymbwþ 17

`q]cnjvIcWw A²ymbwþ 18

`qan hns«mgnbepw A\yw\n¸pw A²ymbwþ 19

`qan ssIamäw A²ymbwþ 20

`qan GsäSp¡Â

`mKwþ VI

]ucm[njvTnX tkh\§Ä A²ymbwþ 21

kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A²ymbwþ 22

t£a {]hÀ¯\§Ä A²ymbwþ 23

hnhcmhImi \nbaw A²ymbwþ 24

tkh\mhImi \nbaw

`mKwþ VII


hntÃPv cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpw ]cntim[\bpw A²ymbwþ 25

cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpw A²ymbwþ 26

Pam_´n

`mKwþ VIII

]ehI tPmenIÄ A²ymbwþ 27

sXcsªSp¸pw sk³kkpw A²ymbwþ 28

t\m«okpw alkdpw A²ymbwþ 29

tImSXn \S]SnIfpambn _Ôs¸« tPmenIÄ A²ymbwþ 30

]©mb¯vcmPv \nba{]Imcapff NpaXeIÄ A²ymbwþ 31

J\\{]hÀ¯\§fpw aWÂhmcepw A²ymbwþ 32

P\\acW cPnkvt{Sj³

`mKwþ IX A\p_豈 *** *** ***

`mKwþ I BapJw A²ymbwþ1

D]{Iaw 1.]Ým¯ewþ (1) XncpþsIm¨n, a{Zmkv t{]mhn³knsâ `mKambncp¶ ae_mÀ, t_mws_ t{]mhn³knsâ `mKambncp¶ ku¯vIm\d PnÃbnepÄs¸« Ct¸mgs¯ ImkÀtKmUv, tlmkvZpÀ¤v Xmeq¡pIÄ F¶nh DĸSp¯nbmWv 1956  tIcf kwØm\w cq]oIcn¨Xv. XncpþsIm¨n {]tZi¯p Xs¶ Xncph\´]pcw PnÃbnse A©psX§v, sImÃw PnÃbnse


X¦tÈcn, FdWmIpfs¯ ‘t^mÀ«vsIm¨n’ F¶o {]tZi§Ä a{Zmkv t{]mhn³kn\p IognÂs¸«hbmbncp¶p. C§s\ hyXykvX§fmb \mep {]tZi§fn kwØm\ cq]oIcW¯n\p ap¼v `qkw_Ônbmb hyXykvX§fmb A\p`h{Ia§fpw \nIpXnLS\bpw dh\yq `cWkwhn[m\hpsams¡bmWv \ne\n¶ncp¶Xv. kwØm\ cq]oIcW¯n\v ap¼v XncphnXmwIqÀ ae_mÀ F¶o {_n«ojv `cW¯n\v IognepÅ {]tZi§fnse hntÃPv Hm^okpIÄ {]hÀ¯n¨ph¶ncp¶Xv bYm{Iaw "XncphnXmwIqÀ hntÃPv am\zÂ,"Awiw DtZymKØcpsSbpw Irjn¡mcpsSbpw am\zÂ' F¶nhsb ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbmbncp¶p. IqSmsX XncphnXmwIqÀ {]tZi¯v XncphnXmwIqÀ ‘em³Uv dh\yq am\zÂ’, sIm¨n {]tZi¯v ‘sIm¨n³ em³Uv dh\yq s{]mkoPnbÀ’ F¶nh FÃm Xe¯nepapff dh\yq `cWkwhn[m\¯n\mbn \S¸n hcp¯nbncp¶p. C¶p ImWp¶ dh\yq hIp¸mbncp¶nà {]mNo\ Ime¯v XncphnXmwIqÀ, sIm¨n, ae_mÀ {]tZi§fn \ne\n¶ncp¶sX¦nepw C¶pw XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ _lp`qcn]£w NpaXeIfpw IÀ¯hy§fpw A¡me¯v \nehnep−mbncp¶hbpsS XpSÀ¨ Xs¶bmWv. `qanbpambn _Ôs¸« IW¡pIfpw tcJIfpw X¿mdm¡n kq£n¡pI, `qanbn \n¶v CuSm¡m\pÅ \nIpXnIÄ CuSm¡pI F¶nhXs¶bmbncp¶p A¡mes¯bpw dh\yq hn`mK¯nsâ apJy NpaXeIÄ. A¡me¯v kwØm\s¯ `qanIÄ P·namcpsStbm t£{X§fpsStbm \nb{´W¯nembncp¶p. \mSphmgnIfmIs« P·namcn \n¶pw D¸¶¯nsâ \nÝnX `mKw cmPt`mKambn CuSm¡nbncp¶p. F¶m F.Un. 1684 HmsS XncphnXmwIqÀ {]tZi¯v hnhn[bn\w \nIpXnIÄ \nÝbn¨v ]ncn¡p¶Xn\pff \S]SnIÄ¡v chnhÀ½ cmPmhv XpS¡w Ipdn¡pIbp−mbn. Cu A[nImcw {]mtZinI apJy·mcn \n£n]vXambncp¶p. XpSÀ¶v Øncamb \nIpXn \nÀ®bw, ]ncnhv F¶o e£y§tfmsS dh\yq skänÂsaâv F¶ \S]Snbv¡v XncphnXmwIqdn XpS¡anSpIbpw 1738þ skänÂsaâv \S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. BZyL«¯n `qhpSaIfn \n¶pw e`n¨ hnhc§fpsS ASnØm\¯n X¿mdm¡nb ‘tIs«gp¯v’ skänÂsaâv 1773  \nehn h¶p. XpSÀ¶v ]eL«§fnembn skddnÂsaâv \S]SnIfneqsS `qanIÄ kÀtÆ sN¿pIbpw, C\w, Xcw, AXncpIÄ, ssIhi¡mcpsS hnhcw, hnkvXoÀ®w, ImÀjnI hnfhnhcw F¶nh DÄs¸Sp¯nbpÅ skänÂsaâv cPnÌdpIÄ X¿mdm¡pIbpw Cu \S]SnIÄ 1910 HmSpIqSn ]qÀ¯nbmhpIbpw sNbvXp. (2) XncphnXmwIqdn 1800 IfpsS c−mw ZiI¯n {_n«ojv dknUâmbncp¶ tIW a¬tdm A¶p \nehnep−mbncp¶ {]mtZinI `cWkwhn[m\¯n XnI¨pw AXr]vX\mbncp¶p. apámÀ apX kÀÆmZnImcy¡mÀ hscbp−mbncp¶Xpw FIvknIyq«ohv, \oXn\ymbw, cmPykpc£ F¶n§s\ hnhn[§fmb kÀÆ A[nImc§fpw I¿mfnbncp¶ XkvXnIIÄ At±lw \nÀ¯Â sN¿pIbpw XkvXnIIÄ ]p\:{IaoIcn¡pIbpw ]p\À \maIcWw sN¿pbpap−mbn. Imcy¡mÀ XkvXnIsb ‘XlknÂZmÀ’ F¶p ]p\À\maIcWw sN¿pIbpw Imcy¡mÀ I¿mfnbncp¶ \oXn\ymb, cmPykpc£m A[nImc§Ä Hgnhm¡pIbpw \nIpXn]ncnhv NpaXeIÄ am{Xambn AhcpsS A[nImc§Ä ]cnanXs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. IqSmsX BZyambn ‘]«bw’ F¶ Bibw \S¸nem¡nbXpw tIW a¬tdm Bbncp¶p. ssIhi¡mcsâ t]cphnhc§Ä, `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w, C\w, Icw F¶nh tcJs¸Sp¯nb B[nImcnI tcJbmb ]«b§Ä IÀjIÀ¡v A\phZn¨p XpS§nbXv At±l¯nsâ Imebfhnembncp¶p. C¯c¯n H«\h[n amä§Ä hcp¯ns¡m−v dh\yq `cW kwhn[m\¯n\v B[mcine ]mInbXv tIW a¬tdm BsW¶p ]dbmw. kwkYm\ cq]oIcW¯n\p ap³]v XncphnXmwIqÀ {]tZi§fn hntÃPv Hm^oksd ‘]mÀhXyImÀ’ F¶pw ae_mÀ {]tZi¯v ‘A[nImcn’ F¶pw ku¯v Im\dbpsS `mKamb ImkÀtKmUv {]tZi§fn ‘]t«eÀ’ F¶pambncp¶p hnfn¨ncp¶Xv. kwØm\ cq]oIcWtijw `qan kw_Ôambn ap³]v \nehnep−mbncp¶ {]mtZinI \nba§Ä¡p ]Icambn GIoIrXamb `q\nba§Ä \nehn hcnIbp−msb¦nepw hntÃPv Hm^okpIÄ¡mbn Hcp GIoIrX am\z cq]w sImÅp¶Xv ]ns¶bpw hfsc hÀj§Ä¡v tijambncp¶p. kwØm\ cq]oIcW¯n\v ap¼v dh\yq `cW¯n\p ]pdsa kaql¯nsâ kakvX taJeIfnepw HutZymKnIambn CSs]Sp¶Xn\pÅ NpaXeIfpw A[nImc§fpw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡p−mbncp¶p.F¶m Ime{Ia¯n ]pXpXmbn A\h[n hIp¸pIÄ cq]s¸«tXmsS C¯c¯nepÅ NpaXeIfnÂ


]eXpw A¯cw hIp¸pIfntebv¡v ssIamäw sN¿s¸«p. kwØm\ cq]oIcW tijw tIcf kwØm\s¯ FÃm hntÃPv Hm^okpIÄ¡pw _m[Iamb Xc¯n GIoIrX am\z \S¸nem¡pI F¶ e£yt¯msS X¿mdm¡nb "tIcf hntÃPv am\zÂ', 23þ4þ1988 XobXn {]m_ey¯n kwØm\¯v \S¸nem¡n. (3) kwØm\ cq]oIcWtijhpw XpSÀ¶p h¶ncp¶ dh\yq, hntÃPv F¶n§s\ c−v hn`mK§fmbpÅ dh\yq hIp¸nsâ {]hÀ¯\w 1984 se dh\yq hntÃPv kwtbmP\¯neqsS H¶mbn amdpIbp−mbn. XpSÀ¶v 1996 se tIcf dh\yq t_mÀUv \nÀ¯em¡Â \nba{]Imcw A¡mes¯ dh\yq `cW kwhn[m\¯nsâ kncmtI{µambncp¶ dh\yq t_mÀUv \nÀ¯em¡pIbpw B Øm\¯v em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWtdäv \nehn hcpIbpw kwØm\s¯ dh\yq hIp¸nsâ `cW \nb{´Ww em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWdn \n£n]vXamhpIbpw sNbvXp. ho−pw ImXemb amä§tfmsS 14þ10þ1998 {]m_ey¯n dh\yq hIp¸v ]p\:kwLSn¸n¡s¸«p. ]p\:kwLS\bpsS `mKambn kwØm\s¯ ^À¡ Hm^okpIÄ \nÀ¯em¡pIbpw AUojW XlknÂZmÀ (Ct¸mgs¯ `qtcJ XlknÂZmÀ) XkvXnIIÄ cq]oIcn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Chsbms¡ hntÃPv `cW¯nepw henb amä§Ä¡nSbm¡n. Ccp]Xmw \qäm−nsâ Ahkm\ ZiI¯nepw Ccp]¯nH¶mw \qäm−nsâ BZyZiI¯nepw temIsa§pw sshÚm\nI, kmt¦XnI taJeIfnep−mb A`qX]qÀÆamb hfÀ¨ `cWcwK§fnepw henb amä§Ä¡v CSbm¡n. kmt¦XnI apt¶äw `cWcwK¯v AXnibIcamb amä§fmWv krjvSn¨Xv. CþKthW³knsâ `mKambn CþUnkv{SnIväv, Cþ t]bvsaâv, BÀ.BÀþ Hm¬sse³, ReLIS, CþHm^okv F¶p XpS§n dh\yq `cWhpw sXm®qdpIÄ¡p tijw ImXemb amä§Ä¡p hnt[bambn. 2. am\z ]cnjvIcW¯nsâ BhiyIXþ Ccp]s¯m¶mw \qäm−nsâ BZy ZiI¯nemWv C³Uy³ \nba \nÀ½mW taJebnse \mgnI¡söp hntijn¸n¡s¸« hnhcmhImi \nbaw \S¸nem¡s¸«Xv. ]n¶oSv ]e tkh\§fpw ]ucmhImi§fmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸«p. CXns\ms¡¸pdsa, s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nbaw t]mse H«\h[n \nba§fpw A[nImc§fpw dh\yq `cW¯nte¡v Iq«nt¨À¡s¸«p. ‘Cþ Hm^okv’ kwhn[m\hpw H«\h[n ]pXnb \nba§fpw \nehn h¶Xns\¯pSÀ¶v dh\yq `cW¯nep−mb amä§Ä DÄs¡mffp¶ Xc¯nepw ImtemNnXambpw em³Uv dh\yq am\z X¿mdm¡pI F¶ e£yw \ndthäm\pt±in¨pffXmWv Cu {KÙw. em³Uv dh\yq am\zensâ BZy hmeyw hntÃPv Hm^okpIfpsS {]hÀ¯\¯n\p th−nbpffXpw c−v, aq¶v, \mev, A©, Bdv hmey§Ä bYm{Iaw Xmeqt¡m^okpIÄ, dh\yq Unhnj³ Hm^okpIÄ, PnÃm IfIvt{SäpIÄ, kvs]jy dh\yq Hm^okpIÄ, em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWÀ Hm^okv G¶o Imcymeb§fpsS {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡mbpffXpamWv. 3. dh\yq DtZymKØÀ am\z a\knem¡nbncn¡Wsa¶vþ dh\yq Poh\¡mÀ Cu ]pkvXI¯n AS§nbncn¡p¶ FÃm Imcy§fnepw KmV]cnNbw t\Snbncnt¡−XmWv. am\z {]Imcapff NpaXeIÄ \ndthäp¶Xn D−mIp¶ hogvNIÄ¡v HgnIgnhmbn, Cu am\zense hyhØIÄ Adnbm³ ]mSnà F¶ hmZw HcpXc¯nepw kzoIcn¡p¶XÃ.

`mKwþ II Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\w A²ymbwþ2

hntÃPpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw 4. hntÃPvþ dh\yq`cW kuIcymÀ°w kÀtÆ sNbvXv AXnÀ¯nIÄ \nÀ®bn¨v cq]oIcn¡s¸«n«pÅXpw dh\yq `cW¯nsâ ASnØm\ LSIhpamb bqWnäpIfmWv hntÃPpIÄ. kwØm\s¯, `cWkuIcymÀ°w 14 PnÃIfmbpw, 26 dh\yq Unhnj\pIfmbpw 77 Xmeq¡pIfmbpw 1664 hntÃPpIfmbpw hn`Pn¨ncn¡p¶p.


5. hntÃPv Hm^okvþ kÀ¡mÀhIbmb sI«nSw e`ysa¦n BbXntem, CÃm¯ ]£w kÀ¡mÀ A\phmZ {]Imcw hmSIbvs¡Sp¡p¶ sI«nS¯ntem hntÃPv Hm^okv {]hÀ¯nt¡−Xpw sI«nS¯nsâ ap³hi¯v hntÃPv Hm^oknsâ t]cv kqNn¸n¡p¶ Hcp t_mÀUv Øm]n¨ncnt¡−XpamWv. 6. hntÃPv DtZymKØÀþ (1) Hcp hntÃPv Hm^okn Hcp hntÃPv Hm^okdpw Hcp kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpw Hcp hntÃPv AknÌâpw c−v hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâpamcpw Hcp kzo¸dpw D−mbncn¡pw. (2) Ik_ (Xmeq¡v BØm\w) hntÃPpIfn D]JÞnI (1)  hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅ DtZymKØÀ¡p ]pdta Hcp ¢mÀ¡v, Hcp Hm^okv Aä³Uâv F¶nhcpap−mbncn¡pw. (3) F¶m tZhnIpfw Xmeq¡nse sI.Un.F¨v. hntÃPv Hm^okn sU]yq«n XlknÂZmÀ XkvXnIbnepÅ DtZymKØ\mWv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ. Cu hntÃPns\ 6 skÎdpIfmbn hn`Pn¨n«pffXpw Hmtcm skÎdnepw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ dm¦nepÅ DtZymKØsc skÎd Hm^okÀamcmbn \ntbmKn¡pIbpw sNbvXn«p−v. 7. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS \nba\hpw ]co£m tbmKyXIfpwþ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhcpsS \nba\m[nImcn em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWdpw aäv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS \nba\m[nImcn PnÃm IfÎdpamIp¶p. hntÃPv AknÌâpamÀ, hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâpamÀ, ¢mÀ¡pamÀ, Hm^okv Aäâ³UpamÀ F¶nhsc \nban¡p¶Xv tIcfm ]»nIv kÀÆokv I½oj³ XncsªSp¡p¶ enÌnsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv. \nÀ±nã tbmKyXbpÅ hntÃPv AknÌâpamcn \nt¶m ¢mÀ¡pamcnÂ\nt¶m ko\ntbmdnänbpsS ASnØm\¯n DtZymK¡bäw \ÂIn kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀamscbpw kvs]jy hntÃPv B^okÀamcn \nt¶m ko\nbÀ ¢mÀ¡pamcn \nt¶m ko\ntbmdnänbpsS ASnØm\¯n DtZymK¡bäw \ÂIn hntÃPv Hm^okÀamscbpw \nban¡p¶p. FÃm hntÃPv DtZymKkYcpw Kh¬saâv AXmXv Ime§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ ]co£m tbmKyXIfpw aäp tbmKyXIfpw t\Snbhcmbncn¡Ww. 8. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw s]cpam䨫§fpwþ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ tIcf kÀÆokv N«§Ä¡pw kÀ¡mÀ DtZymKØcpsS s]cpam䨫§Ä¡pw hnt[bcmIp¶p. BIbm AhÀ Cu N«§Ä A\pkcnt¡−Xpw AXmXv Ime§fn N«§fn hcp¯p¶ t`ZKXnIÄ¡v A\pkrXambn {]hÀ¯nt¡−XpamIp¶p. 9. lmPcmtI− aWn¡qdpIÄþ Ah[n Znhk§sfmgnsI asäÃm Znhk§fnepw FÃm hntÃPv Poh\¡mcpw cmhnse 10 aWn apX sshIo«v 5 aWn hsc Hm^okn lmPcmbncnt¡−XmWv. F¶ncp¶mepw tae[nImcnIÄ \nÀt±in¡p¶ ]£w aäv A[nIthX\sam¶pw IqSmsX Xs¶ X§fpsS apgph³ kabhpw IrXy\nÀÆlW¯n\mbn hn\ntbmKn¡m³ Poh\¡mÀ _m[yØcmWv. F¶m kzo¸ÀamcpsS tPmen kabw cmhnse F«p aWn apX ]Xns\m¶phscbmWv. km[mcWKXnbn ]Xns\m¶p aWn¡ptijw kzo¸ÀamÀ Hm^okn XpScm³ ]mSpffXÃ. \nÀ±njvS cq]¯nepff lmPÀ ]pkvXIhpw A\p_Ô cPnÌdmb teäv Aäâ³kv cPnÌdpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ h¨pt]mtc−XmWv. D¨bv¡v Hcp aWn¡pw c−p aWn¡panSbv¡pff kabw Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\v `wKw IqSmsX D¨`£W¯n\pff CSthf Bbn D]tbmfs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kzbw IrXy\njvT ]men¨v aäpffhÀ¡v Hcp amXrI Bbncn¡Ww. Hm^okv kabaÃm¯t¸mÄ lmPcp−mbncp¶p F¶Xv Akm¶n²y¯n\v ]cnlmcamtbm HgnIgnhmtbm AwKoIcn¡p¶XÃ. apÉnw Poh\¡mÀ¡v FÃm shffnbmgvNbpw D¨bv¡v ]{´−c apX c−c hscbpff kabw Ppam \akvImc¯n\mbn D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. 10. Xmakn¨v lmPcmIÂþ Hm^okn lmPcmtI− kabw ]¯p aWnbmbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«p−v. ]¯p aWn¡p ap¼mbn Hm^okv Xpd¡pIbpw ]¯p aWn¡pXs¶ {]hÀ¯\w Bcw`n¡pIbpw sNbvXn«p−v F¶v Dd¸phcpt¯− _m²yX hntÃPv


Hm^okÀ¡p−v. Poh\¡mc³ Xmakn¨p lmPcmIp¶ ]£w Xmakns¨¯nb kabw teäv Aä³U³kv cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. sshInsb¯p¶ ap½q¶v Znhk§Ä¡v Hcp Znhks¯ BIkvanImh[n \jvSs¸Sp¶XpamWv. 11. eohv A\phZn¡Âþ Xsâ Iogn tPmen sN¿p¶ DtZymKØÀ¡v BIkvanImh[n A\phZn¡p¶Xn\pff A[nImcw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡p−v. F¶m hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmcpsS A\paXn IqSmsX bmsXmcp hn[amb Ah[nbnepw {]thin¡m³ ]mSpffXÃ. IqSmsX BIkvanImh[n HgnsIbpff asäÃm Ah[nIÄ¡papff hntÃPv Poh\¡mcpsS At]£IÄ hyàamb ip]mÀitbmsS XlknÂZmÀ¡v Abbvt¡− NpaXebpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡p−v. hntÃPv Pvoh\¡mcpsS BIkvanImh[n tcJs¸S¯p¶Xn\v \nÀ±njvS amXrIbnepff cPnÌÀ kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. 12. ssIhiapff ]W¯nsâ hnhcwþ hntÃPv Hm^oknse FÃm Poh\¡mcpw Hm^oknse¯nbmepS³ X§Ä kz´w \nebn ssIhiw kq£n¨n«pff ]Ww kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw Personal Cash Declaration Register-  tcJs¸Sp¯n Npcps¡m¸p hbvt¡−XmWv. Personal Cash Declaration Register sâ amXrI A\p_Ôwþ Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. 13. Hm^okn \n¶pw ]pd¯pt]mIp¶Xvþ (1) Hm^okn h¶ tijw HutZymKnI IrXy\nÀÆlWhpambn _Ôs¸«v ]pd¯pt]mIp¶ kmlNcy§fn aqhvsaâv cPnÌdn CXp kw_Ôamb ]qÀ® hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯m³ Poh\¡mÀ _m[yØcmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS A\paXn IqSmsX Poh\¡mÀ Hm^okn \n¶pw bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw ]pd¯pt]mIm³ ]mSpffXÃ. am{XhpaÃ, Hm^okv {]hÀ¯n kab§fn Poh\¡mÀ H¶S¦w Hm^okv hn«pt]mIm³ ]mSnÃm¯XpamWv. (2) hntÃPv Poh\¡mÀ Ah[n Znhk§fntem Hm^okv {]hÀ¯n Zn\§fntem \nehnepff \nba§fn A\pimkn¡p¶ Xc¯nepff HutZymKnI Bhiy§Ä¡ÃmsX {]Xn^teÑtbmSpIqSntbm AÃmsXtbm kzImcy`qan kÀtÆ sNbvXp \ÂIm³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. 14. Poh\¡mcpsS s]cpamähpw aäpwþ hntÃPv Hm^oknse¯p¶ GsXmcmtfmSpapff s]cpamä¯n Poh\¡mÀ At§bäw acymZbpw hn\bhpw ]peÀt¯−XmWv. HutZymKnI Bhiy§Ä¡mbn hntÃPv Hm^oknse¯p¶hÀ¡v e`yamb Ccn¸nSkuIcyw \ÂIm\pw IpSnshff kuIcyw GÀs¸Sp¯m\pw apXnÀ¶ ]uc·mÀ, `n¶tijnbpffhÀ, KÀ`nWnIÄ F¶nhÀ¡v ap³KW\ \ÂIp¶Xn\pw Poh\¡mÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡−XmWv. 15. GPâpamsc Hgnhm¡Âþ HutZymKnI Bhiy§Ä¡mbn hntÃPv Hm^oknse¯p¶ At]£Itcm lÀPn¡mtcm AhÀ \nba]cambn NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶htcm AÃmsXbpff hntÃPv Hm^oknse¯p¶ GsXmcmsfbpw CS\ne¡mcmbn IW¡m¡p¶XmWv. C¯c¡mÀ Hm^okv tcJIÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶tXm Hm^oknse ssZ\wZn\ \S]SnIfn {]Xy£amtbm ]tcm£amsbm CSs]Sp¶tXm A\phZ\obaÃm¯Xpw A{]Imcw kw`hn¡p¶ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ BbXnsâ ]qÀ® D¯chmZnbmbncn¡p¶XpamWv. 16. hntÃPv Poh\¡mÀ ]»nIv skÀhâpamcmbncn¡psa¶vþ Cu am\zense hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambn IrXy\nÀÆlW¯nteÀs¸Sp¶ FÃm hntÃPv Poh\¡mcpw 1860 se C³Uy³ in£m \nba¯nse 21þmw hIp¸p {]Imcapff ]»nIv skÀhâpamcmbncn¡p¶XmWv. IrXy \nÀÆlWs¯ XSks¸Sp¯p¶ hn[¯nepff GsX¦nepw \S]Sn BcpsSsb¦nepw `mK¯p \n¶p−mbm DS³ Xs¶ hnhcw XlknÂZmsc Adnbn¡p¶Xn\pw CXp kw_Ôamb ]cmXn tÌj³ lukv Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdp¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv.

A²ymbwþ3

hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS IÀ¯hy§Ä


17. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ:þ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hntÃPn s]mXp/ dh\yq `cW¯nsâ Xeh\pw, kÀ¡mcnsâ {]Xn\n[nbpamIp¶p. dh\yq `cW¯nsâ Xeh³ F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Xsâ hntÃPnse kÀ¡mÀhI `qanIÄ kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnIÄ ]ncn¡p¶Xn\pw dh\yq dn¡mÀUpIÄ kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pw NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. kÀ¡mcnsâ {]Xn\n[n F¶ \nebn hyhlmc§fn kÀ¡mcnsâ Xm¸cyw kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pw CXc hIp¸pIfnse DtZymKØÀ¡v AhcpsS IrXy\nÀÆlW¯n\v BhiyapÅ klmbw \ÂIp¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v NpaXebp−v. kÀ¡mcnsâ t£a{]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¸nem¡pI, {]IrXnt£m`w, aäpZpc´§Ä, kmw{IanI tcmK§Ä, AKv\n_m[ XpS§nb A\nãkw`h§fp−mIpt¼mÄ hnhcw DS\Sn XlknÂZmsc Adnbn¡pI, \nehnepÅ \nba§fpw N«§fpw A\pimkn¡p¶ ISaIÄ bYmkabw \ndthäpI, taeptZymKØcpsS FÃm HutZymKnI \nÀt±i§fpw Xmakw IqSmsXbpw Imcy£aXtbmsSbpw \S¸nem¡pI F¶nhbpw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIfmWv. 18. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS aäp {][m\ IÀ¯hy§Ä:þ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS aäp {][m\s¸« IÀ¯hy§Ä Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmWv: (1) `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnIfmb ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, tXm«\nIpXn, Pehcn (shÅ¡cw), sI«nS \nIpXn XpS§nb em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ FÃmhn[ \nIpXnIfpw, Ic§fpw, hcnIfpw kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv {]Imcw CuSmt¡−Xmb aäp XpIIfpw bYmkabw ]ncn¡pI. (2) XlknÂZmcpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaa\pkcn¨v hkqemt¡−Xmb IpSnÈnIIfpw aäp XpIIfpw \nbam\pkrX \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v CuSm¡pI. (3) P]vXn sNbvX PwKa§Ä, hn¡p¶Xp hsc \mi\ã§fnÃmsX kq£n¡pIbpw P]vXn sNbvXv taemZmbsaSp¡p¶ Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä Imcy£aambn kwc£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (4) \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw IpSnÈnI¡mcn \n¶pw ]ncns¨Sp¡p¶ XpIIÄ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]men¨v bYmkabw kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn ASbv¡pI. (5) kÀ¡mÀhI `qanIfn A\[nIrX {]thi\w D−mImsX kq£n¡pIbpw It¿äap−mbm hnhcw bYmkabw _Ôs¸« A[nImcn¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXv At±l¯nsâ \nÀt±im\pkcWw It¿ä¡mÀs¡Xnsc \nbam\pkrX \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpIbpw sN¿pI. (6) `qkwc£Ww, `qan ]Xnhv, `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡Â, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, Paamäw (t]m¡phchv), A\yw \n¸v, dh\yq dn¡hdn, `qhn\ntbmKw, s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£Ww F¶o dh\yq tIkpIfn Øe ]cntim[\Ifpw At\zjW§fpw \S¯n kvsI¨pw alÊdpw X¿mdm¡n XlknÂZmÀ¡pv dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pI. (7) hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnse kÀtÆ AXncSbmf§Ä kwc£n¡pIbpw `qansb kw_Ôn¨pÅ FÃm hI dn¡mÀUpIfpw IrXyambn kq£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (8) hntÃPv AknÌâv/kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ {]Xnamk apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIIÄ _Ôs¸« \mÄhgn, ckoXv _p¡pIÄ, cPnÌdpIÄ, A¡u−pIÄ F¶nhbpambn th−pwhn[w H¯pt\m¡n km£ys¸Sp¯n bYmkabw Xmeqt¡m^okn F¯n¡pI. (9) taeptZymKØÀ¡bbvt¡− FÃm dnt¸mÀ«pIfpw B\pImenI§fpw IrXykab¯bbv¡pI. (10) hntÃPv AknÌâv/kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ FÃm A¡u−pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw bYmkabw ]cntim[n¡pIbpw B−ptXmdpw Pam_´n¡v ap¼mbn ""hmÀjnI em³Uv dh\yq A¡u−v'' (XhW apS¡w) X¿mdm¡n _Ôs¸« cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpambn H¯pt\m¡n ]cntim[\bv¡mbn tabv amkw 15þmw XobXn¡p ap¼mbn X¿mdm¡n hbv¡pIbpw sN¿pI.


(11) hntÃPv `cW¯n\v e`yam¡nbn«pÅ FÃmhn[ A¡u−pIfpsSbpw cPnÌdpIfpsSbpw eUvPdpIfpsSbpw tcJIfpsSbpw kvsI¨pIfpsSbpw, am¸pIfpsSbpw ^À®n¨dpIfpsSbpw CeIvt{SmWnIv D]IcW§fpsSbpw aäp]IcW§fpsSbpw ItÌmUnb³ F¶ \nebn AhsbÃmw icnbmbpw `wKnbmbpw kq£n¡pIbpw ]cn]men¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (12) dh\yq hIp¸pambn _Ôs¸«p \S¸nem¡n hcp¶ hnhn[ t£a]²XnIfpambn _Ôs¸«pÅ dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ bYmkabw kaÀ¸n¡pI. (13) dh\yq hIp¸n \n¶pw A\phZnt¡−Xmb hnhn[ km£y]{X§Ä¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ At]£Ifnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯n X§sf A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ km£y]{X§Ä bYmkabw A\phZn¡pIbpw \ncknt¡−Xmb tIkpIfn hnhcw At]£Is\ Adnbn¡pIbpw XlknÂZmÀ A\phZnt¡− kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpsS kwKXnbn hyàamb ip]mÀitbmsSbpff dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (14) sk³kkv, s]mXpXncsªSp¸v/D]sXcsªSp¸v F¶nh kw_Ôn¨v tae[nImcnIÄ \nÀt±in¡p¶ FÃm tPmenIfpw IrXyambpw kq£vaambpw \nÀÆln¡pI (15) tZiob k¼mZy ]²Xn hnPb{]Zam¡m³ PnÃm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±i§Ä \S¸nem¡pI (16) shÅs¸m¡w, DcpÄs]m«Â, AKv\n_m[ XpS§nb Zpc´§Ä/AXymlnX§Ä kw`hn¡pt¼mÄ hnhcw DS\Sn XlknÂZmscbpw PnÃm IfÎsdbpw Adnbn¡pIbpw AhcpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw A\ptbmPyamb ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿pI (17) hntÃPvXe P\Iob kanXnIÄ bYmkabw hnfn¨p tNÀ¡pIbpw tbmKXocpam\§Ä \nbam\pkrXw \S¸nem¡p¶Xn\v DNnXamb \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpIbpw sN¿pI (18) CþUnkv{SnIväv, Cât{KäUv em³Uv C³^Àtaj³ knÌw(`qtcJ) F¶o Hm¬sse³ kwhn[m\§fn tcJIÄ/km£y]{X§Ä AwKoIcn¡pIbpw Cþt]bvsaâv kwhn[m\¯n sNem\pIÄ X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿pI (19) em³Uv dh\yq cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpw X¿mdm¡pI, apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIIÄ X¿mdm¡pI, ^oÂUv tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡pI F¶nhbn hntÃPv AknÌâv, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâv F¶nhÀ¡v A\ptbmPyamb coXnbn tPmenIÄ hoXn¨p \ÂIpI (20) IfIvt{Säv ]cntim[\ hn`mKw, Xmeq¡v ]cntim[\ hn`mKw, Pam_´n Hm^okÀ, \nba]cambn A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« aäv ]cntim[\ DtZymKØÀ F¶nhÀ X¿mdm¡n \ÂIp¶ ]cntim[\¡pdn¸pIÄ¡v DS\Sn \yq\Xm]cnlmc adp]SnIÄ X¿mdm¡n \ÂIpI 19. kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsSbpw hntÃPv AknÌânsâbpw ISaIÄþ (1) \nIpXn ]ncnhv, IpSnÈnI CuSm¡Â F¶nhbn hntÃPv Hm^oksd klmbn¡pIbpw XpIIÄ CuSm¡n ckoXp \ÂIpIbpw sN¿pI. (2) hyàambn A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ ]£w PwKa hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿pI. (3) {]Xnamk apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIIÄ X¿mdm¡pI. (4) taeptZymKØÀ¡bbvt¡− dnt¸mÀ«pIfpw, B\pImenI§fpw X¿mdm¡pI. (5) hntÃPv Hm^oknse dn¡mÀUpIÄ {Ias¸Sp¯n kq£n¡pIbpw \in¸n¡phm³ Imeamb dn¡mÀUpIfpsS ]«nI X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿pI (6) ]pdt¼m¡pIÄ ]cntim[n¡pIbpw kÀtÆ sN¿pIbpw Ahbn {]thi\§Ä ImWp¶]£w "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«v, kvsI¨v, alkÀ F¶nh X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (7) ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIfpsS AXnÀ¯n¡ÃpIÄ ]cntim[n¡pIbpw Ahbn GsX¦nepw ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sN¿m\ps−¦n kXzc \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿pI


(8) `qan]Xnhv, `qkwc£Ww, Paamäw (t]m¡phchv), `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡Â, `qanbpsS ]cnhÀ¯\w/cq]m´cw XpS§nb dh\yq tIkpIsf kw_Ôn¨ alkdpIfpw dn¡mÀUpIfpw X¿mdm¡pI. (9) CþUnkv{SnIväv, dh\yq dn¡hdn Hm¬sse³, Cât{KäUv em³Uv C³^Àtaj³ knÌw (`qtcJ) XpS§nb Hm¬sse³ kwhn[m\§fn kq£va ]cntim[\ (Scrutiny), t{]mkknMv, shcn^nt¡j³ IqSmsX dh\yq Cþt]bvsaâv kwhn[m\¯n bYmkabw A¡u−v t¢mkv sN¿Â F¶o tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡pI. (10) FÃmhn[ Fgp¯pIp¯p tPmenIfnepw hntÃPv Hm^oksd klmbn¡pIbpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ asäÃm HutZymKnI tPmenIfpw \nÀÆln¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (11) hntÃPv Hm^okn t\cn«v e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, lÀPnIÄ, \nthZ\§Ä F¶nhbvs¡Ãmw \nÝnX amXrIbnepff ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpI. ssI¸äv ckoXnsâ amXrI A\p_Ôwþ Bbn \ÂInbncn¡p¶p. 20. hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâv \nÀÆlnt¡− ISaIÄþ (1) hntÃPn ]ncnbp¶ XpIIÄ kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn HSp¡p¶Xn\v hntÃPv Hm^oksd klmbn¡pI. (2) \nIpXnZmbIcpsStbm IpSnÈnI¡mcpsStbm t]cnepÅ Unamâv t\m«okpIfpw asäÃmhn[ t\m«okpIfpw bYmhn[n \S¯pI. (3) \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw \nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw hnhcw _Ôs¸« A¡u−ntem eUvPdntem tNÀ¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (4) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ ^oÂUv tPmenIÄ DÄs¸sSbpÅ asäÃm HutZymKnI tPmenIfpw \nÀÆln¡pI. 21. hntÃPv AknÌâv, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ¡v NpaXeIÄ hoXn¨p \ÂIÂþ (1) Hcp hntÃPv Hm^okn Hcp hntÃPv AknÌâv, Hcp kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Asæn c−v hntÃPv AknÌâv AXpasæn c−v kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ DÅ kwKXnbn hnhn[ HutZymKnI IrXy\nÀÆlW§Ä kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hyàamb Hm^okv D¯chv ]pds¸Sphnt¡−Xpw CXntebv¡mbn Hcp Hm^okv D¯chv cPnÌÀ h¨pt]mtc−XpamWv. (2) HcmÄ hntÃPv AknÌâpw HcmÄ kvs]jy hntÃPm^okdpw BIp¶ Ahkc¯n kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdmbncn¡Ww \mÄhgn X¿mdmt¡−Xv. F¶m c−pt]cpw hntÃPv AknÌtâm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm BIp¶ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \nÝbn¡p¶ DtZymKØ\mbncn¡Ww FgpXntbm Hm¬sse\mtbm \mÄhgn X¿mdmt¡−Xv. (3) CþUnkv{SnIväv, dh\yq dn¡hdn Hm¬sse³, dh\yq Cþt]bvsaâv, `qtcJ XpS§nb Hm¬sse³ A[njvTnX tPmenIfpw hntÃPv AknÌâv, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ¡mbn Hm^okv D¯chnsâ ASnØm\¯n hoXn¨p \ÂtI−XmWv. 22. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS A`mh¯n ]Icw NpaXe \nÀÆln¡Â:þ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS A`mh¯n ]Icw NpaXe GÀs¸Spt¯−Xv XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS Akm¶n²yw aq¶v Znhk¯ne[nIcn¡m¯ Ahkc§fn ]Icw NpaXe ko\nbdmb kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pw aq¶v Znhk§fn A[nIcn¡p¶ Ahkc§fn kao]s¯ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pamWv \ÂtI−Xv.


23. NmÀPv ssIamäw:þ hntÃPv HtZymKØÀ Øewamdn t]mIp¶ Ahkc§fn ]Icw \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ DtZymKØ\v Xsâ NpaXebnep−mbncp¶ FÃm Hm^okv tcJIfpsSbpw km[\kma{KnIfpsSbpw NmÀPv, NmÀPv cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n ssIamtd−XmWv. CXnte¡mbn Hcp NmÀPv cPnÌÀ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebn h¨pt]mtc−Xpw NmÀPv ssIamäw kw_Ôn¨ NmÀPv cPnÌdnse {]kà`mK§fpsS km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸pIÄ AXmXv kab§fn Xmeqt¡m^oknte¡v Ab¨v sImSpt¡−XpamWv.

`mKwþ III `qanbpw `q\nIpXnbpw IpSnÈnIbpw A²ymbwþ 4

`qanbpw A\p`h{Ia§fpw (F) skänÂsaâv Imes¯ A\p`h{Ia§Ä 24. skänÂsaâv Imes¯ hnhn[bn\w `qanIÄþ `qansb kw_Ôn¨ Imcy`cWw em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸nsâ {]Yaamb IÀ¯hyamWv. Cu IÀ¯hy¯nsâ hym]vXnbn Icw sIm− `qanIÄ am{XaÃ, kwØm\w H«msIbpff FÃm `qanIfpw DÄs¸Spw. skänÂsaâv Ime¯v `qanIsf t]cn ]Xnª `qanIÄ, ]pdt¼m¡v, X\XvNnä, CShIIÄ, Hgn¨nSs¸« h\§Ä (dnkÀhpIÄ), Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIÄ Asæn dnkÀhpIfm¡m³ \nÀt±in¡s¸« `qanIÄ, Hgn¨nSs¸Sm¯ `qanIÄ F¶n§s\ F«v {][m\ C\§fmbn thÀXncn¨ncp¶p. 25. t]cn ]Xnª `qanIÄ:þ HcmfpsStbm IpSpw_¯nsâtbm kwL¯nsâtbm Øm]\¯nsâtbm t]cn kÀ¡mÀ dh\yq IW¡n ]Xnªv A\p`hn¨v hcp¶ `qanIsf t]cn ]Xnª `qanIÄ F¶v ]dbp¶p. ]«b`qan, cPntÌUv em³Uv F¶n§s\ Ct¸mÄ Adnbs¸Sp¶Xpw C¯cw `qanIfmWv. t]cn ]Xnª `qanIsf Ah ]Xn¨p \ÂInb D]m[nIÄ A\pkcn¨v Xmsg hnhcn¡pw {]Imcw thÀXncn¨n«p−v. (F) kÀ¡mÀhI Asæn ]−mchIþ Cu C\w hkvXp¡Ä kw_Ôn¨v kÀ¡mÀ Xs¶ P·nsb¶v hnNmcn¡s¸SWw. Cu C\w hkvXp¡Ä A\p`hn¡p¶ I£nIÄ¡v In«nbn«pff DSaØmhImiw kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw t\cn«v e`n¨n«pffXmWv. kÀ¡mcnte¡v \nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶ Icw HSp¡p¶ Imet¯mfw Cu hkvXp¡Ä ]mc¼cyambn A\p`hn¡m\pw t_m[n¨ {]Imcw A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯m\pw A[nImcap−mbncn¡pw. ]−mchI hkvXp¡Ä AhbpsS A\p`h{Iaw A\pkcn¨v Bdv {][m\ C\§fmbn Xcw Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. (i) ]−mc]m«wþ kÀ¡mÀ hkvXp¡sf bmsXmcp AÀ° _m[yXbpw IqSmsX IpSnbm³amÀ¡v ]m«ambn sImSp¯Xpw ]n¶oSv D]m[nclnXambn ]Xn¨p \ÂInbXpw Ct¸mÄ A§s\ \ÂInhcp¶Xpamb `qanIÄ (ii) ]−mchI Hänþ kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw AÀ°w ]äntbm AÀ°w ]änbXmbn KWnt¨m Hmtcm IpSnbm³amÀ¡v ]Xn¨psImSp¡pIbpw AÀ°]eni Ign¨pff ]m«w an¨hmcambn cmPt`mKt¯mSpIqSn B−p tXmdpw hm§n¨phcnIbpw sNbvXncp¶ hkvXp¡fmWv ]−mchI Hän. (iii) C\mwþ C\mw hkvXp¡sf DÛhs¯ ASnØm\am¡n t]gvkW C\mw (Hcp IpSpw_¯nt\m Bfnt\m ap³ {]hr¯nsb ASnØm\am¡ntbm AÃmsXtbm


A\p`h¯n\mbn kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw sImSp¯n«pff `qanIÄ), kÀÆokv C\mw (Hcmfnt\m IpSpw_¯nt\m taem Fs´¦nepw {]hr¯n \S¯p¶ hIbv¡mbn kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw \ÂInbn«pff `qan) F¶n§s\ c−mbn XcwXncn¨ncp¶p. (iv) hncp¯nþ \nÝnX Dugnb§Ä \nÝnX kab§fn \S¯Ww F¶ \n_Ô\bv¡v hnt[bambn Aev]w Icw Npa¯n A\p`hn¡m³ A\phZn¨ncp¶ hkvXp¡fmWv hncp¯n. (Dugnb§Ä F¶m kÀ¡mÀ Du«p]pcIÄ¡pff tIm¸v G¸n¡pI, Fgp¶ff¯v {]amWn¨v ]pcIÄ sI«pI, kmam\§Ä tiJcn¨v \ÂIpI XpS§nbh) (v) hntijmepff A\p`h{Ia§Äþ {]tXyIXc C\mw hkvXp¡fmWnh. BZyIme skänÂsaâpIÄ {]Imcap−mbncp¶Xpw ]n¶oSv AwKoIcn¡s¸«Xpw Icw Npa¯nbhbpamb ]−mchI IpSnP·w hkvXp¡fpw ]m«wsIm− hncp¯n hkvXp¡fpamWv Cu hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶Xv. (vi) Icw Hgnhvþ tZhkzhpw {_Òkzhpw AÃm¯ aäv FÃm hn[ Icw Hgnhv hkvXp¡fpw Cu C\¯n DÄs¸Sp¶p. (_n) kÀ¡mÀ tZhkzw hI hkvXp¡Äþ Ducm× tZhkz§sf kÀ¡mcn tNÀ¯Xn\v ap³]mbn B tZhkz§Ä¡v P·mhImiap−mbncp¶ hkvXp¡Ä apgph³ tZhkzw hkvXp¡fmbn kÀ¡mÀ IW¡n DÄs¸Sp¯n. Cu hkvXp¡sf kÀ¡mÀ tZhkzw hI hkvXp¡sf¶v Adnbs¸Sp¶p. (kn) I−pIrjn hkvXp¡Äþ almcmPmhv Xncpa\Ênse kz´w hIbmbn«pff hkvXp¡fmWv I−pIrjn hkvXp¡Ä. Cu hkvXp¡fn A\p`h¡mÀ¡v Øncambn bmsXmcp AhImihpw CÃ. (Un) {io]mZw hkvXp¡Äþ {io]mZw hkvXp¡Ä I−pIrjn hkvXp¡sft]mse almcmPmhv Xncpa\Ênse kz´whIbmbn«pffXmWv. F¶m {io]mZw hkvX¡fn \n¶pff apXseSp¸v Bän§Â X¼pcm³amÀ¡v D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mambncp¶p. (C) {io]−mchI hkvXp¡Äþ {io ]ß\m`kzman t£{Xw hIbmbncp¶ hkvXp¡fmWv {io]−mchI hkvXp¡Ä.Cu hkvXp¡fpsS Imcy`cWw Kh¬saânsâ taÂt\m«¯nemWv. (F^v) P·w hkvXp¡Äþ kÀ¡mÀ IW¡pIfn tZhkzw hIsbt¶m {_Òkzw hIsbt¶m amS¼namÀ hIsbt¶m sImffn¨n«pffXpw kÀ¡mcnte¡v Icw sImSp¡p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgn¨n«ncp¶tXm ]m«¯n Hcwiw cmPt`mKw am{Xw sImSp¯ncp¶tXm Bb hkvXp¡fmWv P·w hkvXp¡Ä. 26. ]pdt¼m¡vþ s]mXpImcy§Ät¡m s]mXpP\§fn GXm\pw hn`mK¯nsâ {]tXyI Bhiy§Ät¡m Bbn Hgn¨nSs¸«ncn¡p¶ Icw Npa¯nbn«nÃm¯ kÀ¡mÀ `qanIfmWv ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIÄ. s]m¶pw hnes¡Sp¯v Hgn¸n¨v Icw IpdshgpXn s]mXpImcy§Ä¡mbn D]tbmKn¨v hcp¶ `qanIfpw ]pdt¼m¡n DÄs¸«ncp¶p. 27. Xcniv `qanIÄþ kÀsÆ sNbvXXpw Icw sImffn¨tXm AÃm¯tXm Bbn Kh¬saâ[o\Xbn Dffhbpw Irjn hym]vXn¡v e`yhpw Bb `qanIsf Xcniv `qanIÄ F¶p ]dªncp¶p. C{]Imcapff `qanIsf ]pdt¼m¡n \n¶pw hIXncn¨v Xcniv F¶v tcJIfn tcJs¸Sp¯n kwc£n¨ncp¶p. C¯cw `qanIÄ ]Xnhn\p hnt[bambncp¶p. 28. X\Xv Nnä `qanIÄþ sIm«mc§tfm kÀ¡mÀ t£{X§tfm ØnXn sNbvXncp¶Xpw Icw sIm−Xpamb `qanIsf kÀ¡mcns\ ]«mZmc\mbn ]cnKWn¨v Nnäbn sImffn¨Xpw F¶m ]«bw sImSp¯n«nÃm¯Xpamb `qanIfmWnh.t£{X§tfm sIm«mc§tfm Ccn¡p¶ Øe§fpw ]cnkc§fpw HgnsI X\Xp Nnäbn sIm− asäÃm `qanIfpw ]Xn¨p sImSp¡mhp¶hbmWv. 29. CShIIÄþ ]gb XncpþsIm¨n {]tZi¯p−mbncp¶ kÀ¡mÀ Bbs¡«n DÄs¸«n«nÃm¯Xpw Kh¬saânte¡v `q\nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡nbn«pffXpamb Øet¯tbm, {]tZit¯tbm BWv kÀ¡mÀ IW¡pIfn ""CShI'' bmbn


tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pffXv. CShI `qanIÄ kÀ¡mÀ `qanbmbmWv KWn¡s¸«n«pffXv. C{]Imcw Infnam\qÀ, CS¸ffn, hªn¸pg, ]qªmÀ F¶n§s\ \mev CShIIfmWv D−mbncp¶Xv. 30. Hgn¨nSs¸« h\§Ä (dnkÀhpIÄ)þ h\w BÎv {]Imcw Hgn¨nSs¸« h\ `qanIÄ AS§nb {]tZiamWv dnkÀhpIÄ. Cu `panIÄ ]Xnhn\v hnt[baÃ. 31. Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIÄþ h\w BÎv {]Imcw dnkÀÆpIfm¡m³ Dt±in¨v Hgn¨nSs¸«ncn¡p¶ `qanIfmWv Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIÄ. Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIÄ ]Xnhn\v hnt[baÃ. 32. Hgn¨nSs¸Sm¯ `qanIÄþ dnkÀhpIfpw Hgn¨nSs¸« `qanIfpw AÃmsX kÀsÆ AXnÀ¯n¡v ]pd¯v kÀsÆ sN¿msX InS¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ `qanIsf Hgn¨nSs¸Sm¯ `panIÄ F¶p ]dbpw. h\w hIp¸nsâ A[o\Xbnemb C¯cw `panIÄ Irjn¡mbn ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶XmWv.

(_n) \nehnse A\p`h{Ia§Ä 33. kwØm\sam«msI ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn(t_knIv SmI-vkv) GÀs¸Sp¯nbtXmSpIqSn skänÂsasâv Ime¯v `qan Xcw Xncn¨v Icw \nÝbn¨ncp¶ coXn¡v {]kàn CÃmXmbn. XpSÀ¶v \S¸nem¡nb `q]cnjvIcW\nbahpw aäv ]ucmhImi\nba§fpw \qäm−pIfmbn \ne\n¶ncp¶ hnhn[bn\w IpSnbmbvaIsf Fs¶t¶bv¡pambn \nÀ¯Â sNbvXp. C¶v tIcf¯nsem«msIbpff `qanIÄ an¡hmdpw kÀ¡mÀ hIsb¶pw t]cn ]XnªsX¶pw c−n\ambn XoÀ¶n«p−v. C\w F¶XpsIm−À°am¡p¶Xv `qanbpsS DSaØXsb ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbpff XcwXncnhmWv. (i) kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanþ DSaØmhImiw kÀ¡mcn ]qÀ®ambpw \n£n]vXambn«pff FÃm `qanIfpw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfmIp¶p. FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpw ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIfmIWsa¶nÃ. F¶m FÃm ]pdt¼m¡v `qanIfpw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfmWv. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan F¶Xn ]pdt¼m¡pIfpw Xcniv `qanIfpw kÀ¡mÀ DSaØXbnepff IcwsIm− `qanIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. (F) ]pdt¼m¡vþ DSaØmhImiw kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXambn«pffXpw s]mXp Bhiy§Ät¡m {KmaoWcpsS kmaqlnImhiy§Ät¡m Bbn D]tbmKn¡pItbm \o¡nhbv¡pItbm sNbvXn«pff \nIpXn Npa¯s¸Sm¯ `qanIfmWnh. hniZoIcWw: ]pdt¼m¡Ãm¯Xpw Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsStbm sI.Fkv.C._n. bpsStbm tI{µ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpsS Iognepff tImÀ¸tdj\pIfpsStbm DSaØXbnepffXpamb `qanIÄ ]pdt¼m¡nsâ \nÀÆN\¯nÂs¸Sp¶hbÃ. Icw Npa¯s¸« kÀ¡mÀhI hkvXphIIfmWnh.. tkh\hIp¸pIÄ HgnsIbpff kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§Ä¡v ]pdt¼m¡v `qan ssIamdpt¼mÄ A¯cw `qanIÄ¡v ]pdt¼m¡v F¶ Ìmäkv \jvSs¸«v Ah IcwsIm− `qanIfmIpsa¦nepw Ahsbms¡ `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 3þmw hIp¸p {]Imcapff kÀ¡mÀhI hkvXp¡fmbn XpScpw.

(_n) Xcnivþ DSaØmhImiw kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXambn«pffXpw Irjn¡p]bpàambn«pffXpw ]Xnhn\p tbmKyhpamb `qanbmWv Xcniv. (ii) t]cn ]Xnª `qanþ kzImcy hyànIfpsStbm Øm]\§fptStbm t]cn ]Xnªn«pff `qanIsf t]cn ]Xnª `qan, ]Xnhv `qan, P·w `qan AYhm ]«b`qan (cPntÌÀUv em³Uv) F¶p ]dbp¶p. 34. `qanbpsS Xcwþ `qanbpsS D]tbmK{Ias¯ ASnØm\am¡nbpff XcwXncnhmWnXv. \new, ]pcbnSw, tXm«w, tXm¸v, ]ffnbm F¶nh DZmlcW§fmWv.

A²ymbwþ5


em³Uv dn¡mÀUv kwc£Ww 1. em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸nsâ ssZ\wZn\ `cWw Imcy£aam¡p¶Xn\p `qansb kw_Ôn¨pÅ dn¡mÀUpIÄ kwc£nt¡−Xv AXy´mt]£nXamWv. At\Iw hÀj§Ä¡v ap¼v \S¯nb dh\yq skänÂsaânt\mS\p_Ôn¨v X¿mdm¡s¸« Øncw dn¡mÀUpIÄ `qanbn Znhkw{]Xn D−mbns¡m−ncn¡p¶ amä§Ä¡\pkrXambn Bhiyamb hyXnbm\§Ä hcp¯n Gähpw \ho\amb coXnbn kq£n¡pI F¶pÅXmWv em³Uv dn¡mÀUv kwc£Ww sIm−v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. 2. skänÂsaâv ]qÀ¯nbmbt¸mÄ kÀsÆ hIp¸v, em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸ns\ G¸n¨ {][m\s¸« dn¡mÀUpIÄ Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmIp¶p. (1) hntÃPv AXnÀ¯ntbbpw AXn\I¯pÅ kÀsh ^oÂUpIsfbpw ImWn¡p¶ hntÃPv am¸v. 2) skänÂsaâv Ime¯v sNbvX FÃm kÀsÆ ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw A¶p \nehnepÅ ]XnhpImcpsSbpw (cPntÌÀUv tlmÄUÀ) hnhc§Ä AS§nb skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ. 3) Hmtcm kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ AXnÀ¯nIfpw B AXnÀ¯nIfpsS Afhp kw_Ôn¨ dn¡mÀUpIfpw ^oÂUnsâ {XntImW§fpw Hm^vskäpIfpw ImWn¡p¶ ^oÂUv Afhp ]pkvXIw. 4) skänÂsaâv Ime¯v sNbvX k_v Unhnj\pIfpsS AfhpIÄ, InS¸v, AXnÀ¯nIÄ F¶nh ImWn¡p¶ UnsshUv ¹m³ (k_v Unhn,³ kvsI¨pIÄ). 3. Cu dn¡mÀUpIÄ, skänÂsaâv Ime¯v \nehn D−mbncp¶ dh\yq ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw hnkvXoÀWw, Afhv XpS§nb hnhc§Ä am{Xw ImWn¡p¶hbmWv. F¶m `qan ]Xnhv, PaXncn (t]m¡p hchv), `qan s]m¶pw hnebv¡v FSp¡Â, A\yw \n¸v, `qan hns«mgnb XpS§nb ImcW§fm D−mIp¶ ]pXnb k_vUnhnj\pIÄ \nan¯w dh\yq ^oÂUpIfnepw kÀsh ^oÂUpIfnepw A\pZn\w D−mbns¡m−ncn¡p¶ amä§Ä bYmkabw em³Uv dn¡mÀUpIfn tNÀt¡−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKسamcpsS ISabmIp¶p. IqSmsX ^oÂUv Afhp ]pkvXI§sfbpw k_v Unhnj³ kvsI¨pIsfbpw AXmXv Imew ]qÀ¯nbm¡n kq£nt¡−Xpw hkvXp¡fpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n D−mIp¶ amä§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th−n skänÂsaâv cPnÌdn\p Hcp A\p_Ôw X¿mdm¡n sh¨p t]mtc−Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 4. em³Uv dn¡mÀUpIfpsS kwc£WmÀ°w dh\yq DtZymKسamÀ \nÀhlnt¡− tPmenIsf Ipdn¨v tIcf kÀsh am\ph c−mw hmeyw H¶mw `mK¯v hniZambn hnhcn¨n«p−v. hntÃPv DtZymKسamcpsS {][m\s¸« NpaXeIsf¡pdn¨pw hntÃPv Xe¯n AhÀ sNbvXp XoÀt¡− tPmenIsf¡pdn¨pw am{XamWv Cu A²ymb¯n {]Xn]mZn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. 5. hntÃPv B^okdpw hntÃPv AknÌâpw sNbn³ kÀsh ]co£mtbmKyX t\Snbhcpw kÀsh tPmenbn ]cnioe\hpw sshZKv[yhpw kn²n¨hcpw Bbncn¡Ww. hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnsem, AXnÀ¯n¡pÅnsem DÅ kÀsh ASbmf§Ä (kÀsh amÀ¡v) Bsc¦nepw \in¸n¡pItbm, tISp hcp¯pItbm t`Zs¸Sp¯pItbm sN¿p¶Xv \ntcm[n¡phm³ 1961 se tIcf kÀsh AXnÀ¯n \nbaw, hntÃPv DtZymKسamÀ¡v A[nImcw \ÂIp¶p. 6. GsX¦nepw kÀsh ASbmfw \in¸n¡pItbm tISphcp¯pItbm \o¡w sN¿pItbm t`Zs¸Sp¯pItbm sNbvXncn¡p¶Xmbn Adnhp e`n¡p¶ hntÃPv DtZymKس DS³ Xs¶ hnhcw dh\yq C³kvs]Îsdtbm Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbsdtbm [cn¸nt¡−XmWv. 7. hntÃPv AknÌâpamcpsS ISaIÄþ (1) ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIfpw kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpw Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯n dn¡mÀUp X¿mdm¡pI.


2. Hmtcm hntÃPnepw \ne\nÀt¯− kÀsh ASbmf§Ä Hcp ]cn]mSnb\pkcn¨v ]cntim[n¡pIbpw kÀsh IÃpIfpsS cPnÌÀ (cPnÌÀ Hm^v tÌm¬kv), Iota¸v F¶nh kq£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 3. ImWmXmb kÀsh IÃpIÄ (XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pw Pn.än tÌj\pw ]p\:Øm]n¡pIbpw tISp ]änbhbpsS AäIpä¸WnIÄ XoÀ¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 4. kÀsh NmÀPpIfpsS A¡u−v X¿mdm¡pI. 5. kÀsÆ NmÀPv bYmkabw CuSm¡pI. 6. hntÃPnse kÀsÆ dn¡mÀUpIfpw kÀsÆ D]IcW§fpw kq£n¡pI. 7. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbnse A\[nIrX {]thi\w I−p]nSn¡pI. 8. em³Uv dn¡mÀUv kwc£W¯n\p th−n dh\yq kÀsÆ taeptZymKسamÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ asäÃm tPmenIfpw \nÀhln¡pI.

\nÝnX kÀsh HgnsI)

hIp¸p

8. ]pXnb dh\yq ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw AXnÀ¯n \nÀ®bhpw ta¸v X¿mdm¡epw:þ `qanbpsS ]Xnhnsem, (cPnkv{Sn) Xc¯ntem hnkvXoÀ®¯ntem D−mIp¶ amäw, Af¶p Xncn¨v ta¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp kÀsh ^oÂUns\ Asæn k_v Unhnjs\ ]qÀ®amtbm `mKoIamtbm _m[n¡mw. Hcp kÀsh ^oÂUns\ Asæn Hcp k_v Unhnjs\ ]qÀ®ambn _m[n¡p¶ amäw dh\yq cPnÌdpIsf am{Xta _m[n¡pIbpÅq. AhbpsS ta¸nt\m AXnÀ¯nIÄt¡m bmsXmcp hyXnbm\§fpw hcp¯p¶nÃ. F¶m Af¶p Xncn¨v ta¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp k_v Unhnj³ (GXv C\¯n \n¶mbmepw) ]pdw t]m¡ntebv¡v amäp¶Xpaqew AXnsâ AXnÀ¯nIÄ ]p\À\nÀ®bw sNt¿−n hcpt¼mÄ XlkoÂZmÀ A{]Imcw ]pdwt]m¡ntebv¡v amäm³ A\phmZw \ÂInb D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v _Ôs¸« hntÃPv AknÌân\pw Xmeq¡v kÀshbÀ¡pw, dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ¡pw Ab¨p sImSpt¡−Xpw {]kvXpX k_v Unhnjsâ AXnÀ¯nIÄ ]p\À\nÀ®bw sN¿m³ Bhiys¸tS−XpamIp¶p. XlkoÂZmcpsS \nÀt±iw e`n¨p Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâv UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨nepw tÌm¬ cPnÌdnepw ]pXnb kÀsÆ IÃpIÄ tNÀt¡−Xpw tÌm¬ cPnÌdnsâ c−mw tImfw t`Zs¸Sp¯n hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn th− hyXnbm\w hcp¯n hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«p sNt¿−XpamIp¶p. ta¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp k_v Unhnj³ ]pdt¼m¡n \n¶pw atäsX¦nepw C\¯ntebv¡p amäpt¼mgpw apIfn hnhcn¨ \S]Sn{Iaw A\phÀ¯nt¡−XmWv. Af¶p Xncn¨v ta¸v X¿mdm¡nb Hcp k_v Unhnj³ ]pdt¼m¡n \n¶pw atäsX¦nepw C\¯ntebv¡v amäp¶Xpaqew ho−pw \ne\nÀ¯m\pÅ Bhiyw \ãs¸« kÀsÆ amÀ¡pIÄ UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨n \n¶pw tÌm¬ cPnÌdn \n¶pw \o¡w tNt¿−XmIp¶p. hntÃPv AknÌâv XlknÂZmcpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw hntÃPv A¡u−pIfnepw cPnÌdpIfnepw BhiyapÅ amä§Ä hcp¯n hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−XmWv. 9. ta¸v X¿mdm¡nb Hcp kÀsÆ ^oÂUn\p Asæn k_v Unhnj\p `mKnIamb amäw am{XamWv kw`hn¡p¶sX¦n ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUv Asæn k_v Unhnj³ Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯n ta¸v X¿mdmt¡−Xpw _Ôs¸« hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb amä§Ä hcpt¯−XpamIp¶p. 10. ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ:þ \nehnepÅ Hcp kÀtÆ ^oÂUn\It¯m k_v Unhnj\It¯m ]pXnb Hcp k_v Unhnjsâ BhiyIX t\cnSp¶Xv {][m\ambpw 1) ]Xnhp amäN«§f\pkcn¨v (t]m¡phchv) \nehnepÅ Hcp kÀsh ^oÂtUm k_v Unhnjt\m D]hn`P\w sN¿pI. 2) s]m¶pwhne \nbaa\pkcn¨v Hcp ]pXnb k_v Unhnj³ sNt¿−n hcpI. 3) \nehnepÅ Hcp kÀtÆ ^oÂUn \nt¶m k_v Unhnj\n \nt¶m ]Xnhv `qan s]m¶pw hnebvs¡Sp¡pI. 4) kÀ¡mÀ `qan GsX¦nepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ät¡m Hcp hIp¸n \n¶pw asämcp hIp¸ntebvt¡m ssIamdpI.


5) `qan hns«mgnb \nbaa\pkcn¨v hns«mgnªv `qanbnepÅ \nIpXn \ndp¯Â/Ipdhp sN¿p¶Xn\p th−n hn`Pn¡pI. 6) kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan J\\N«§f\pkcnt¨m aäp N«§f\pkcnt¨m ]m«¯n\v \ÂIpI. 7) \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn\pth−n C\w Xncn¡pI. 8) Ic¯n sIm− `qan ]pdwt]m¡m¡n amäpI. 9) `qan ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨v `qan ]Xn¨v sImSp¡pI XpS§nb kmlNcy§fnemWv. 11. ]Xnhv amä N«§f\pkcn¨pÅ (t]m¡phchv N«§Ä) ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIfpsS Imcy¯nsemgnsI asäÃm k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw Imcy¯n tIcf kÀsh AXnÀ¯n \nba¯nse 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ A\pimkn¡p¶ \n_Ô\IÄ ]ment¡−Xpw k_v Unhnj\pIÄ Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯n CuSpÅ kÀsÆ IÃpIÄ D]tbmKn¨v AhbpsS AXncpIÄ \nÀ®bw sNt¿−XpamIp¶p. ta¸v X¿mdm¡s¸« Hcp kÀsh ^oÂUn \n¶pw Af¶p Xncnt¡− `mK¯nsâ hnkvXoÀ®w Ccp]Xv slÎtdm AXn IqSpXtem Bbm A{]Imcw Af¶v Xncn¡p¶ `mKw Hcp ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\mbn cPnÌÀ sN¿p¶Xn\v ]Icw Hcp ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUmbn Af¶v Xncn¨v ta¸v X¿mdmt¡−Xpw ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUn\v B hntÃPnse Ahkm\s¯ kÀsh \¼dn\p XpSÀ¨bmbpÅ \¼À \ÂtI−XpamWv. hn`Pn¡s¸« kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ _m¡nbpÅ `mK¯n\v AXnsâ BZys¯ \¼À Xs¶bmWv \ne\nÀ¯pI. 12. ]pXnb k_v Unhnj³ \S¸n hcp¯n¶Xn\p th−nbpÅ \S]Sn{Iaw:þ kÀsh tPmen¡p th−n hntijm kÀsh DtZymKØ·msc \ntbmKn¨n«nÃm¯ hntÃPpIfn ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ Af¶v Xncnt¡− IrXyw hntÃPv AknÌâv \nÀhlnt¡−XmWv. t]m¡phchv AYhm PaXncntbmS\p_Ôn¨nÅ ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ A\phZn¨p¯chmIphm³ I£nIÄ Pam amä¯n\mkv]Zamb `qan ØnXn sN¿p¶ Xmeq¡nse XlkoÂZmÀ¡v At]£ kaÀ¸nt¡−Xp−v. At]£tbmsSm¸w \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nb sNem³ ckoXpw lmPcm¡nbncn¡Ww. C{]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ XlknÂZmÀ ta \S]Snbv¡mbn D¯chn«v hntÃPv AknÌân\v Ab¨p sImSp¡p¶XmWv. C{]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ cPnÌÀ sN¿p¶Xn\pth−n Hmtcm hntÃPnepw kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmey¯nse 89þmw \¼À ^md¯n Hcp k_v Unhnj³ cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡−Xpw At]£IÄ e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v {]kvXpX cPnÌdnse H¶p apX \mep hscbpÅ tImf§Ä ]qcn¸n¨ tijw A\´c \S]SnIÄ FSpt¡−XpamIp¶p. ]pXnb k_v Unhnj³ Af¶p Xncn¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ¡v tIcf kÀsh Bâv _u−dokv N«§fnse Bdmw \¼À ^md¯n t\m«okv \ÂInbncn¡Ww. t]m¡phchnt\mS\p_Ôn¨pÅ ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v AhbpsS ]cn[n \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\pÅ hyàamb AXncpIÄ CÃm¯ ]£w Af¶p Xncn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. hntÃPv AknÌâv t{SknwKv t]¸À D]tbmKn¨v ^oÂUv ta¸nsâ Hcp ]IÀ¸v X¿mdmt¡−Xpw \nÀ±nã k_v Unhnj\pIÄ {]kvXpX t{SknwKn t¹m«p sNbvX tijw taep²cn¨ N«§fnse Ggmw \¼À ^md¯n k_v Unhnj³ tÌäpsaânsâ c−p {]XnIÄ X¿mdmt¡−XpamWv. kvsI¨n ]pXnb k_v Unhnjsâ AXncpIfpw AhbpsS AfhpIfpw k_v Unhnj³ tÌäpsaân Gcnbmk-vIzbÀ t]¸À D]tbmKn¨v Xn«s¸Sp¯nb ]pXnb k_v Unhnjsâ hnkvXoÀ®hpw Nph¶ ajn sIm−v tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. ]pXnb k_v Unhnjsâ AXncpIfpw hnkvXoÀ®hpw _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ AwKoIcn¨Xmbn Dd¸p hcp¯p¶Xn\pth−n kvsI¨nepw k_v Unhnj³ tÌäpsaânepw AhbpsS Is¿m¸v hmt§−XmWv. ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\p _Ôs¸« kÀsh ^oÂUn Ahkm\ambn \ÂInb k_v Unhnj³ \¼cnsâ XpSÀ¨bmb \¼À D]tbmKn¨v A¡antS−XmIp¶p. DZmlcWambn Hcp kÀsh ^oÂUn\v sam¯w Ggp k_v Unhnj\pIfmWpÅsX¦n ]pXpXmbn A\phZn¡p¶ aq¶v k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v bYm{Iaw 8, 9, 10 F¶o \¼cpIfmWv sImSp¡pI. kÀsh ^oÂUn\v k_v Unhnj\pIsfm¶pw \nehnenÃm¯ ]£w ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v bYm{Iaw 1, 2, 3 F¶o \¼cpIÄ \ÂImhp¶XmWv. H³]Xv k_v Unhnj\pIfpÅ Hcp kÀsÆ ^oÂUnse 5, 7 F¶o k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v Htc kabw


]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ {]tbmK¯n hcpt¯−Xmbm \nehnepÅ 5þmw k_v Unhnj\nse ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\v 10 F¶pw 7þmw k_v Unhnj\nse ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\v 11 F¶pw A¡anSWw. k_v Unhnj³ tPmen ]qÀ¯nbm¡n Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâv _Ôs¸« k_v Unhnj³ ^b sam¯¯n Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀt¡m dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀt¡m kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. C{]Imcw Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀt¡m dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀt¡m kaÀ¸n¡p¶ k_v Unhnj³ ^ben NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ dn¡ÀUpIÄ AS§nbncn¡Ww. 1) k_v Unhnj³ tÌävsaâv (aq¶p {]Xn) 2) k_v Unhnj³ kvsI¨v. 3) ]gb kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ Asæn k_v Unhnjsâ hnhc§fS§nb em³Uv cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmIväv. 4) \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nb sNem³ ckoXv. 5) ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pth−n kaÀ¸n¡s¸« At]£ 13. ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pth−n hntÃPm^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, Ah e`n¡p¶ XobXn apX ]¯p Znhk¯n\Iw k_v Unhnj³ tPmen ]qÀ¯nbm¡n Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀ¡v Asæn dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. 14. t]m¡phchv kw_Ôn¨pÅ k_v Unhnj\pIsfmgnsI hntÃPv AknÌâv X¿mdm¡p¶ asäÃm k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw AfhpIÄ Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀ Asæn dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw Ah icnbmsW¶p t_m[yambm _Ôs¸« k_v Unhnj³ ^b \nÀ±nã kÀ«n^n¡äv klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. PaXncn (t]m¡phchv) tIkpIsf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw hntÃPv AknÌâv X¿mdm¡p¶ FÃm k_v Unhnj\pIfpw ""sN¡v sajÀ'' sN¿m³ Xmeq¡v kÀshbÀ _m²yØ\Ã. Ahbn Ccp]Xv iXam\w am{Xw ]cntim[n¨m aXnbmIp¶XmWv. Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀ k_v Unhnj³ ^b ]cntim[n¨ tijw ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡v A\phmZw \ÂtI−Xpw A\´cw _Ôs¸« ]cntim[\bv¡pw ]pXp¡nb dn¡mÀUn\pw th−n kÀsh kq{]−n\v Ab¨p sImSpt¡−XpamIp¶p. kÀsh kq{]−v Hmtcm kvsI¨pw _Ôs¸« kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ ]gb AfhpIfpambn H¯p t\m¡n ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIfpsS t¹m«nwKnepw AfhpIfnepw kmt¦XnI ]cntim[\ \S¯n ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pIÄ DÄs¡mÅp¶ kÀsh ^oÂUnsâ ]pXnb kvsI¨pw (aq¶p {]Xn) Hmtcm k_v Unhnjsâbpw hnkvXoÀ®s¯ ImWn¡p¶ Gcnbm enÌpw X¿mdmt¡−Xpw C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡p¶ kvsI¨nsâbpw Gcnbm enÌnsâbpw c−p {]XnIÄ hoXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XpamWv. ]pXnb k_vUnhnj\pIÄ A\phZn¡p¶Xv s]m¶pw hne tIknt\mS\p_Ôn¨mbm ksI¨nsâbpw Gcnbm enÌnsâbpw aq¶p {]XnIÄ hoXw s]m¶pw hne XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨p sImSpt¡−XmWv. ]pXnb k_v Unhnj\pItfmS\p_Ôn¨v hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb amäw hcp¯p¶Xn\p th−n kÀsh kq{]−n \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ ]pXp¡nb kvsI¨pw ""Gcnbm'' enÌnsâ c−p ]IÀ¸pw XlknÂZmÀ _Ôs¸« hntÃPv AknÌân\v Ab¨p sImSp¡Ww. Cu dn¡mÀUpIÄ Xmeq¡n \n¶pw e`n¨p Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb amäw hcp¯pIbpw A{]Imcw amäw hcp¯nb hnhcw km£ys¸Sp¯n Gcnbm enÌnsâ Hcp {]Xn XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨p sImSp¡pIbpw sNt¿−Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ ISabmIp¶p. Gcnbm enÌnsâ Hcp {]Xn hntÃPm^okn kq£nt¡−XmWv. 15. hntÃPv B^okn kq£n¨p t]mcp¶ kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsS Afhp joäpIfn (HdnPn\ kÀsh sajÀsaâv joäv) bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw amä§Ä H¶pw Xs¶ hcp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. F¶m hÀjw tXmdpw kÀsh ^oÂUpIfn D−mIp¶ amä§tfmS\p_Ôn¨v X¿mdm¡s¸Sp¶ ^oÂUv Afhp joäpIÄ Hmtcm hÀjt¯bv¡pw {]tXyIw Xp¶n sI«n hmÀjnI sabnâ\³kv _p¡mbn kq£n¡pIbpw amÀ¤\nÀt±i¯n\p th−n ""sabnâ\³kv


_p¡v t\m¡pI'' Fs¶mcp Ipdn¸v X¿mdm¡n ]gb ^oÂUv Afhp joäpItfmsSm¸w H«n¨phbv¡pIbpw thWw. AXmXv hÀj¯n sabnâ\³kv _p¡n kq£n¨n«pÅ ^oÂUv Afhv joän amäw D−mIp¶ ]£w A{]Imcw amäw D−mIp¶ joäpIÄ d±m¡n \o¡w sNt¿−Xpw \o¡w sN¿p¶ joäpIfn d±m¡n F¶v ]pds¯gp¯v tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamIp¶p. A©p hÀjw IqSpw tXmdpw C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡s¸Sp¶ hmÀjnI sabnâ\³kv _p¡pIÄ k©bn¨v {]tXyIw hmey§fmbn kq£n¡pIbpw thWw. Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw AXmXv hntÃPnse FÃm kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw hnkvXoÀ®w tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ Hcp Gcnb enÌv, kÀsh am\phense 92þmw \¼À ^md¯n kq£nt¡−XmWv. kÀsh ^oÂUpIÄ¡pw k_v Unhnj\pIÄ¡pw ImemIme§fn D−mIp¶ amä§Ä Cu enÌn tcJs¸Sp¯m³ hntÃPv DtZymKسamÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. ]pXnb kÀsh ^oÂUpIfp−mIpt¼mÄ Ah hntÃPm^okn kq£n¨n«pÅ hntÃPv ta¸n Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbsdtbm dh\yq C³kvs]Îtdtbm sIm−p t¹m«p sN¿nt¡−XmWv. 16. ^oÂUv ta¸nsâ ]IÀ¸v X¿mdm¡p¶Xns\bpw hnXcWw sN¿p¶Xns\bpw kw_Ôn¨v:þ^oÂUv ta¸pIfpsS ]IÀ¸n\p th−n _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. At]£I³ \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nbncn¡Ww. C{]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ XlknÂZmÀ ta¸v X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\p th−n hntÃPm^okntebv¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−Xpw, hntÃPv AknÌâv At]£Isâ Bhiym\pkcWw _Ôs¸« ^oÂUv ta¸nsâ ]IÀ¸v X¿mdmt¡−XpamWv. hntÃPm^okÀ, C{]Imcw X¿mÀ sNbvX ^oÂUv ta¸nsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPm^okn kq£n¨n«pÅ Gähpw ]pXnb kvsI¨pambn H¯p t\m¡nbtijw ^bÂ, ¹m\nsâ Hcp ]IÀ¸v klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. ]Xnhv `qanIfpsS AXnÀ¯nIÄ ¢n]vXambn ImWn¨p sImSp¡p¶Xn\pw `q DSaIÄ¡v \nÀ±nã ^okv HSp¡nb sNem³ klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 17. kÀsh ASbmf§fpsS kwc£Ww:þ tIcf kÀsh AXnÀ¯n N«§f\pkcn¨v `qanbn \ne\nÀt¯− kÀsh ASbmf§Ä Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmWv. 1) XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pIÄ 2) kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsS AXncpIfnse hfhpIfnepÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ 3) kÀsh ^oÂUpIfnse kÔn (Pw£³) IfnepÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ. 4) Pn sse\pIfpw t_kv sse\pIfpw Ahkm\n¡p¶ `mK¯pÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ. 5) k_v Unhnjsâ AXnÀ¯nbnepÅ hfhpIfnse kÀsh IÃpIÄ. 6) Pn.]n.Fkv. tÌj\pIÄ 18. Cu kÀsh ASbmf§Ä kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pth−n Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ cPnÌdpIÄ kq£nt¡−XmWv. 1) kwc£nt¡− kÀsh ASbmf§fpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Iota¸v AYhm UoamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨v. 2) XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pIfnse kÀsh¡ÃpIfpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ tÌm¬ cPnÌÀ "F'. 3) ^oÂUp tÌmWpIsf ImWn¡p¶ cPnÌÀ (tÌm¬ cPnÌÀ _n) 4) A¡vt\mfUvPvsaâv cPnÌÀ. 5) kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]pXp¡p¶Xns\bpw AhbpsS AäIpä¸WnIÄ XoÀ¡p¶Xns\bpw kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌÀ. 6) kÀsh IÃpIfpsS tÌm¡v cPnÌÀ. Xmeq¡v kÀshbdpsS taÂt\m«¯n Hcp hntÃPn \ne\nÀt¯− FÃm kÀsh ASbmf§fpw UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨n A¡antS−Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ


IÀ¯hyamIp¶p. XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pIÄ¡v Npa¶ ajnbn Hmtcm hntÃPnepw XpSÀ¨bmb {Ia\¼cpIfmWv \ÂtI−Xv. XntbmUsseäv tÌj\pIÄ¡v Hmtcm hntÃPnepw XpSÀ¨bmb {]a\¼cpIfpsS ]c¼c D]tbmKnt¡−XmWv. hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnse kÀsh ASbmf§Ä¡v hntÃPnsâ hS¡p ]Snªmsd Zn¡n \n¶pw {]Z£nWambn (t¢m¡v sshkv) {Ia\¼cpIÄ \ÂtI−Xpw JÞ§fpsSbpw ssa\À kÀIyq«pIfpsSbpw AXnÀ¯nbnepÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ¡v hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnse kÀsh ASbmf§Ä¡v \ÂInbn«pÅ \¼cpIfpsS XpSÀ¨bmbpÅ \¼cpIÄ \ÂtI−XpamWv. CXntebv¡p th−n kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsSbpw ]pdt¼m¡v k_v Unhnj\pIfpsSbpw AXncpIÄ am{Xw ImWn¡p¶ Ccp]Xp apX ap¸Xphsc kÀsh ^oÂUpIfS§nb UnamÀt¡j³ kvsI¨pIÄ I«nbpÅ t]¸dn X¿mdm¡n kq£n¡pIbpw thWw. 19. tÌm¬ cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ Hmtcm kÀsh IÃpw km[mcWbmbn hÀj¯n Hcp {]mhiysa¦nepw hntÃPv AknÌâv ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv. F¶m {]mtbmKnIambn CXp km[yaÃm¯ ]£w ]cntim[\bpsS Imemh[n Hcp hÀj¯n IqSpX \o«mhp¶XpamWv. F¶m {]XnhÀjw IpdªXv 1000 kÀsh IÃpIsf¦nepw ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw hntÃPnse FÃm kÀsh IÃIfpsSbpw ]cntim[\ A©p hÀj¯n Ihnbm¯ Imebfhn\pÅn ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbncnt¡−XpamIp¶p. CXn\pth−n Xmeq¡v kÀshbÀ ap³Iq«n Hcp k©mc ]cn]mSn X¿mdm¡n kÀsh kq{]−nsâ AwKoImcw hm§n hntÃPv AknÌâns\ sXcys¸Spt¯−XmWv. ]cntim[\ thfbn IÃv icnbmb \nebn ImWp¶ ]£w tÌm¬ cPnÌdnsâ aq¶mw tImf¯n "\nehnep−v' F¶pw AÃm¯ ]£w "ImWmXmbncn¡p¶p', "]pd¯mbncn¡p¶p' a®v sIm−v/kkymZnIÄ sIm−v aqSs¸«ncn¡p¶p F¶n§s\ ]cntim[\bn ImWp¶ {]Imchpw tcJs¸Sp¯n Is¿m¸pw XobXnbpw hbvt¡−XmWv. 20. kÀsÆ IÃpIÄ `qanbn \n¶pw ]pd¯mbncn¡pItbm Nmªp \n¡pItbm aqSs¸«ncn¡pItbm AhbpsS \of¯n aq¶nsemcwiw a®n\p apIfn s]m´n \n¡mXncn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ ]£w Ahsb AäIpä]WnIÄ¡v hnt[bamt¡−XmWv. Hcp kÀsÆ¡Ãv ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sNt¿−nhcpt¼mÄ hntÃPv AknÌâv kÀsh AXnÀ¯n \nba¯nse 15(2)-mw hIp¸\pkcn¨v 1þmw \¼À ^md¯n `q DSabv¡v t\m«okv \ÂtI−Xpw A¡vt\mfUvPvsaâv cPnÌdn AbmfpsS ssI¸äv hmt§−XpamWv. t\m«okv ssI¸än 15 Znhk¯n\pÅn `q DSa kÀsh IÃv ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯n¶Xmbm hntÃPv AknÌâv B tPmen kÀ¡mÀ sNehn \nÀhlnt¡−Xpw Nnehmb XpI I£nbn \n¶pw CuSmt¡−XpamWv. 21. XntbmUsseäv tÌmWns\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw `q DSabv¡v H¶mw \¼À ^md¯n t\m«okv \ÂIn¡gnªmepS³ Xs¶ hntÃPv AknÌâv \ãs¸« tÌmWnsâ Øm\w ImWn¡p¶ Hcp kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡n Xmeq¡v kÀtÆbÀ¡v/dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. 22. km[mcWbmbn XotbmUsseäv IÃpIsfmgnsIbpÅ kÀsh IÃpIÄ ]p\Øm]n¡pItbm tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡pItbm sNt¿−Xv hntÃPv AknÌâv BIp¶p. C{]Imcw sN¿p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn `q DSa t\m«okv ssI¸än 15 Znhkw ]qÀ¯nbmtbm F¶p cPnÌÀ t\m¡n Dd¸p hcpt¯−Xp−v. Ignbp¶Xpw kÀsh IÃpIÄ ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xv _Ôs¸« I£nIfpsS km¶n²y¯nemIm³ {iant¡−XmWv. F¶m I£nIÄ lmPcmIm¯ ]£w AhcpsS Akm¶n²y¯nepw Cu tPmen sNbvXp XoÀ¡mhp¶XmWv. kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSp XoÀ¡pItbm sNbvXp Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâv hnhcw cPnÌdnse A©mw tImf¯n "]pXp¡n'/'tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¯p' F¶n§s\ btYãw BhiyapÅ dnamÀs¡gpXn Is¿m¸pw XobXnbpw tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. ImWmXmb Hcp kÀsh IÃnsâ Øm\w tdmUntem \Znbntem hcp¶Xp \nan¯w AXv ]p\Øm]n¡m³ km[n¡m¯Xn\m tÌm¬ cPnÌdnse A©mw tImf¯n "Dt]£n¨p'' F¶ dnamÀ¡v tcJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. F¶m tÌm¬ cPnÌdn \n¶pw {]kvXpX kÀsh ASbmfw \o¡w sN¿m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. kÀsh ASbmf§Ä BhiyapÅXpw F¶m Øncamb sI«p]mSpIÄ sIm−p (am³kWdn kv{SIvNÀ) CuSpÅ AXncpIÄ \nÀ®bw sNbvXn«pÅXpamb Øe§fnepw kÀsh IÃpIÄ Øm]nt¡− Bhiyw CÃ. tÌm¬


cPnÌdn "am³kdWn amÀ¡v' F¶p tcJs¸Sp¯nbm am{Xw aXnbmIpw. F¶m C§s\bpÅ sI«p]mSpIÄ \o¡w sN¿s¸Sp¶ ]£w kÀsh ASbmfw ImWmXmbXmbn IcptX−Xpw ]Icw kÀsh ASbmfw ]p\Øm]nt¡−XpamIp¶p. 23. kÀsh ASbmfw ]p\Øm]n¡p¶Xn\pw tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡p¶Xn\pw `qDSabn \n¶pw kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ XpI CuSmt¡−XmWv. kÀsh ASbmfs¯ kv]Àin¡p¶ ]Xnhv `qanIfpsS DSaIfn \n¶pw XpI Xpeyambpw kÀ¡mÀ `qansbbpw ]Xnhp `qansbbpw kv]Àin¡p¶ kÀsh ASbmf§fpsS Imcy¯n XpI apgph³ `q DSa/DSaIfn \n¶pw CuSmt¡−XmWv, kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]p\Øm]n¡pItbm tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡pItbm sNbvXp Ignªm hntÃPv AknÌâv 20þmw \¼À ^md¯n (kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmeyw) Nnehmb XpIbpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp tÌävsaânsâ aq¶p {]Xn X¿mdm¡n c−p {]Xn XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw Hcp {]Xn hntÃPm^okn kq£n¡pIbpw thWw. kÀ¡mÀ Nnehn ]pXpt¡− kÀsh ASbmf§sf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw hntÃPv AknÌâv 20þmw \¼À ^md¯n asämcp tÌävsaâpw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−Xp−v. 24. kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]cntim[n¡p¶Xnsâbpw AhbpsS tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡p¶Xnsâbpw ]ptcmKXnsb ImWn¡p¶ Hcp cPnÌÀ 80þmw \¼À ^md¯n (kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmeyw) Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw kq£nt¡−XmWv. hntÃPv AknÌâv Hmtcm amkmhkm\hpw Cu cPnÌÀ FgpXn ]qÀ¯nbmt¡−Xpw, cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎnsâ c−p {]Xn XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ amkw A©mw XobXnbv¡p ap¼mbn dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ/Xmeq¡v kÀsÆbÀ apJm´ncw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamIp¶p. XotbmUsseäv tÌj\pIfnsebpw hntÃPv AXnÀ¯nbnsebpw kÀsh amÀ¡pIÄ hntÃPv AknÌâv bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw ]p\Øm]n¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 25. kÀsh AUzm³kv A¡u−v:þ Hmtcm hntÃPnsebpw Uns¸mbn kq£n¡p¶ kÀsh IÃpIfpsS tÌm¡p hnhcw ImWn¡p¶ Hcp cPnÌÀ 82þmw \¼À ^md¯n (kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmeyw) hntÃPm^okÀ kq£nt¡−XmIp¶p. C{]Imcw kq£n¡p¶ kÀsÆ¡ÃpIÄ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy¯n\v D]tbmKn¡mhp¶Xpw `q DSaIÄ¡v \nÀ±nã hnebv¡v hn¡mhp¶XpamWv. kÀsh IÃpIÄ hnäp In«p¶ XpIbpw `q DSaIfn \n¶pw kÀsh amÀ¡pIÄ ]p\Øm]n¡pIbpw tISp]mSpIÄ XoÀ¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ C\¯n CuSm¡p¶ XpIbpw At¶ Znhkw Xs¶ \mÄhgnbn hchp hbv¡pIbpw I£nIÄ¡v Un.BÀ. 5þmw \¼À ^md¯n ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw sNt¿−XmWv. C{]Imcw CuSm¡p¶ XpI ]¯p Znhk¯nsemcnbv¡Â JP\mhn HSp¡p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. BhiyapÅ kÀsh ASbmf§Ä tÌm¡v sN¿p¶Xn\pth−n {]tXyIw kÀsh AUzm³kv A\phZn¡p¶XmWv. C{]Imcw e`n¡p¶ AUzm³kv XpIbpsS hchv Nnehv IW¡p ImWn¡p¶Xn\pth−n hntÃPv AknÌâv 83 (F) þmw \¼À ^md¯n Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡−Xpw Hmtcm amkmhkm\hpw F¶m XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ amkw ]¯mw XobXnbv¡p ap¼mbpw AUzm³kv XpIbn \n¶pw Nnehmb XpI hos−Sp¡p¶Xn\p th−n kÀsh kq{]−n\p A¡u−v hnhcw ImWn¡p¶ Hcp tÌävsaâpw _nÃpIfpw kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. C{]Imcw kaÀ¸n¡p¶ tÌävsaâv Hm^v A¡u−n (1) A\phZn¨ AUzm³kv XpI (2) amkmZy¯n AUzm³kn\¯n _m¡n \n¡p¶ XpI (3) X³amkw Nnehmb XpI (4) X³amkw hos−Sp¯ (doIq¸v sNbvX XpI) (5) \o¡n _m¡n (6) Nnehn\§fpsSbpw XpI hos−Sp¡m³ lmPcm¡nb _nÃpIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä (_n \¼À, XobXn, XpI) (7) dnamÀ¡v F¶o hnhc§Ä AS§nbncn¡Ww. 26. Unt¸mbn tÌm¡v sNt¿− kÀsh IÃpIÄ tIm¬{SmÎdn \n¶pw e`n¨p Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ Ah 82þmw \¼À ^md¯n kq£n¡p¶ tÌm¡v cPnÌdn hchp hbvt¡−Xpw hnhcw hntÃPv B^okÀ, kÀsh kq{]−n\p dnt¸mÀ«p sNt¿−XpamWv. kÀsÆ ASbmf§fpsS AäIpä]WnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbm¡n Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ hntÃPv AknÌâv Nnehmb XpIbpsS hniZhnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp _nÃnsâ aq¶p {]XnIÄ 20þmw \¼À ^md¯n X¿mdm¡n aq¶p Znhk¯n\Iw, Unt¸m cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎv, C³sUâv, hu¨dpIÄ F¶nh klnXw kÀsh kq{]−n\v lmPcm¡Ww.


27. kÀsh AUzm³kn \n¶pw _n A\pkcn¨pÅ XpI amdn Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ kÀsh kq{]−v _nÃnsâ c−mw {]Xnbpw aq¶mw {]Xnbpw XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XmWv. Xmeq¡m^okn \n¶pw _nÃnsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPm^okn e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v XpI ]ehI apX ]ncnhv _m¡n A¡u−n sImÅn¨v `q DSaIfn \n¶pw CuSmt¡−XmWv. km[mcW KXnbn hntÃPm^okÀ _n e`n¨p Ignªm Ccp]Xp Znhk¯n\Iw XpI CuSmt¡−XmWv. C{]Imcw CuSm¡p¶ XpI AXmXv _nÃnse 13þmw tImf¯n ImWn¨n«pÅ XpIbpw 14þmw tImf¯n ImWn¨n«pÅXpamb XpIIÄ shtÆsd c−p {]tXyIw sNem³ apJm´ncw _Ôs¸« A¡u−pIfn HSp¡p hcpt¯−XmIp¶p. 28. `qanbpw A\p`h{Ia§fpw:þ {]mNo\ Imew apXÂs¡ A\p`h{Ia§sf Bkv]Zam¡n kwØm\sam«msI hnhn[Xcw IpSnbmbvaIfpw (sS\phÀ) D]IpSnbmbvaIfpw \ne\n¶p t]m¶ncp¶Xmbn ImWmw. hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ Cu IpSnbmbvaIsf kw_Ôn¨v hniZamb Adnhv k¼mZn¨ncnt¡−XmWv. {][m\s¸« GXm\pw IpSnbmbvaIsf kw_Ôn¨pÅ kw£n]vXamb hnhcamWv Cu A²ymb¯n {]Xn]mZn¨n«pÅXv. ap³ XncphnXmwIqÀ kwØm\¯v hkvXp¡Ä s]mXpsh kÀ¡mÀ hI Asæn ]−mchIsb¶pw P·w F¶pw c−v {][m\ C\§fmbn hn`Pn¡s¸«ncp¶p. skänÂsaâv Ime¯v kzoIcn¡s¸« ]e C\§fpw Chbn H¶n Asæn asäm¶n \n¶pw DÛhn¨Xmbn IW¡m¡mw. F¶m kÀ¡mÀhIbn \n¶pw P·hkvXp¡fn \n¶pw hn`n¶ambn \nesIm− aäp Nne C\§fpw kÀ¡mÀ dn¡mÀUpIfn AwKoIcn¡s¸«ncp¶Xmbn ImWmw. XntbmUsseäv IÃpIÄ ]cntim[n¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌÀ (kÀsh am\ph aq¶mw hmeywþ^mdw 77) Ipdn¸v: FÃm IÃpIfpw hÀj¯n ........{]mhiyw ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv. (^oÂUv IÃpIfpw k_v Unhnj³ IÃpIfpw ]cntim[n¡pt¼mÄ ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv)

7þmw

kÀ¡nÄ

{Ia \w hntÃPnse XntbmUsseäv IÃnsâ {Ia \¼cpw hnhcWhpw, AXmbXv IÃv ss{SP£\ntem hntÃPv Im¼u−ntem JÞ¯ntem ssa\À kÀIyq«ntem F¶v GXv kÀsh ^oÂUpIfpsS k_v Unhnj\pIfpsS ssIhi¡mcmWv XntbmUsseäv IÃv kwc£n¡m³ _m²yXbpÅhÀ. ]cntim[\ \S¯nb XobXnbpw ^ehpw Xmeq¡v kÀthbÀt¡m dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀt¡m ImWmXmb IÃns\ kw_Ôn¨v kvsI¨v kaÀ¸n¨ XobXn Irjn¡mÀ kÀsh¡Ãv ]pXp¡pItbm tISp]mSv XoÀ¡pItbm sNbvXn«ps−¦n hntÃPv AknÌâv IÃv ]cntim[n¨ XobXn hntÃPv AknÌânsâ ]cntim[\m hnhc§Ä kÀsh B^okÀ shcnss^ sNbvX XobXn 2þmw kÀ¡nÄ 3þmw kÀ¡nÄ

A²ymbw þ 6

\nIpXn ]ncnhpw HSp¡pw 1. `q\nIpXn AYhm em³Uv dh\yqþ (1) em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ hnh[bn\w \nIpXnIÄ ]ncns¨Sp¯v bYmkabw JP\mhn HSp¡pI F¶Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS Gähpw {][m\s¸« NpaXeIfnsem¶mWv. em³Uv dh\yq AYhm `qanbn Npa¯s¸« s]mXp\nIpXn F¶XpsIm−v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v aptJ\ Npa¯s¸«XmhpIbpw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnItfm ^okpItfm skÊpItfm Bbncn¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶XmWv. `qanbnt·tem, `qanbpambn _Ôs¸t«m em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, tXm« \nIpXn, t]m¡phchv ^okv, sI«nS \nIpXn,


kÀtÆ NmÀPv F¶nhsbÃmw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« s]mXp\nIpXnIfmWv. C\§sf NphsS tNÀ¡pw {]Imcw thÀXncn¨n«pÅXmWv.

em³Uv dh\yq

`q\nIpXnIÄ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn ]ehI

LROBT k©mbw

(2) `q\nIpXnIsf {]mYanIambn ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn HgnsIbpÅ aäv `q\nIpXnIÄ (Land Revenue other than Basic Tax) F¶n§s\ c−mbn Xcw Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. LROBT F¶Xns\ ho−pw k©mbw, ]ehI F¶n§s\ hn`Pn¨n«pÅXmWv. 2. k©mbhpw ]ehIbpw-þ (1) ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn HgnsIbpÅ em³Uv dh\yq hchn\§fmWv k©mbhpw ]ehIbpw. Hcn¡Â \nÀ®bn¨ \nIpXn ]pXp¡n \nÀ®bn¡m¯nSt¯mfw AtX XpI Xs¶ FÃm hÀjhpw CuSmt¡−n hcp¶bn\w BhÀ¯\ kz`mhapÅ \nIpXnIsfbmWv k©mbw F¶XpsIm−v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. tXm« \nIpXn, BUw_c \nIpXn, ]m«w AYhm eokv F¶nh k©mbw C\¯nepfÅ hchpIfmWv. (2) k©mbw HgnsIbpÅ asäÃm C\w dh\yq hchn\§fpw ]ehIbn DÄs¸Sp¶p. t]m¡phchv ^okv, Unamâv t\m«okv ]Sn, sI«nS \nIpXn, If£³ NmÀPv, `qkwc£W \nba{]ImcapÅ ]ngbpw \ã]cnlmchpw, FÂ.BÀ ]eni, kÀtÆ NmÀÖv, ¹m³ ^okv, A[nI¯− F¶nhsbms¡ ]ehI dh\yq hchn\§Ä¡pZmlcW§fmWv. (3) FÃm em³Uv dh\yq apXepIfpw km¼¯nI hÀjmcw`¯n Xs¶ apX tNÀt¡−Xpw bYmkabw ]ncns¨Sp¯v JP\mhn HSp¡phcpt¯−Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. F¶m ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn Pam_´nbnemWv \nÀ®bn¡p¶sX¶Xn\m G{]n amkw apX sk]vXw_À amkw hscbpÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ ]ncnhp XpIIÄ AXmXp amk§fnse apXepIfmbn tNÀ¯m aXnbmIp¶XmWv. Pam_´nbn \nÀ®bn¡p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn apXen (Demand) G{]n apX sk]vXw_À hsc ]ncnhp h¶ XpI Ign¨v Ahtijn¡p¶ XpI HtÎm_À amkmcw`¯n H¶msI ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn apXembn (Demand) hIsImÅnt¡−XmWv. k©mbw XpS§nbpÅ FÃm C\§fpsSbpw ]pXpapXepIÄ FÃm km¼¯nI hÀjhpw G{]n H¶mw XobXnXs¶ apXÂsImÅnt¡−XmWv. 3. InkvXpw InkvXp _µnbpwþ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXnbpw k©mbw C\¯nepÅ XpIIfpw ]ncns¨mSp¡p hcpt¯− \nÀ±nã XobXn Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjhpw HtÎm_À 15 Bbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«p−v. asäÃm em³Uv dh\yq hchn\§fpsSbpw \nÀ±nã XobXn Unamâv t\m«okn kqNn¸n¨n«pÅ \nÀ±nã XobXnIÄ BIp¶p. C¯c¯n \nIpXnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\mbn \nÝbn¨n«pÅ {]Jym]nX XobXnbmb HtÎm_À 15 s\ "InkvXv _´n' F¶pw. XhWbmbn \nIpXnIÄ HSp¡p¶Xn\v \nÝbn¨n«pÅ ]£w \nÀ±nã XobXnbv¡v HSp¡m\pÅ XhW¯pIsb InkvXv F¶pw hnfn¡p¶p. ]ehI C\¯nepÅ BhÀ¯\ kz`mhanÃm¯ hchn\§Ä Ah Npa¯p¶ amkw sam¯ambn apXÂh¨v I£nIfn \n¶pw CuSmt¡−XmWv. 4. IcsamSp¡p kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIÄþ (1) \nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ XpI \nIpXn ZmbI\v hntÃPv B^okn t\cn«p lmPcm¡ntbm Hm¬sse\mtbm HSp¡mhp¶XmWv. hntÃPn apX sImÅn¨n«pÅ GXp XpIbpw t\cnt«m Hm¬sse\mtbm kzoIcn¨v ckoXv \ÂIm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv. Hm¬sse³ tkh\§fn ckoXv Hm¬sse\mbmWv A\phZn¡pI. ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXp \ÂIpt¼mÄ Hcp hntÃPn Hcp t»m¡n H¶ne[nIw `qanbps−¦nepw \nIpXnZmbI\v FÃm `qanIÄ¡pw tNÀ¯v H¶mbn \nIpXn CuSm¡nb tijw {]kvXpX `qanbpsSbpw \nIpXnbpsSbpw hnhc§Ä Hä


ckoXn Xs¶ tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂtI−XmWv. IqSmsX bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw Htc \nIpXnZmbI\n \n¶pw Htc `qanbv¡v Hcp km¼¯nI hÀjw H¶ne[nIw XhW ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn CuSm¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. (2) Hcp hkvXphns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn hkvXp DSabn \n¶p am{Xta CuSm¡mhq F¶pw \n_Ô\bnÃm¯XmWv. AXmbXv hkvXp DSabv¡p th−n IpSpw_mwK§fn Bsc¦nepw XpI lmPcm¡nbm AXv kzoIcn¨v hkvXp DSabpsS t]cn ckoXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. F¶m C¯c¯n ckoXv \ÂIpt¼mÄ ]«mZmcsâbpw Icw HSp¡nb Bfnsâbpw t]cphnhcw \nÀ±nã tImf§fn {]tXyIambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. FÃm em³Uv dh\yq C\§fpw InkvXv XobXnt¡m AXn\papt¼m HSp¡n ckoXp hm§m³ \nIpXnZmbI³ _m[yØ\mWv. \nÀ±nã XobXnbv¡v HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶ em³Uv dh\yq XpIIÄ IpSnÈnIbmbn IW¡mt¡−Xpw A¯c¯nepÅ IpSnÈnIIÄ IpSnÈnI¡mc\n \n¶pw ]eni klnXw \nÀ_Ô \S]SnIÄ (P]vXn \S]SnIÄ) kzoIcn¨v CuSm¡m³ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡−Xpw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmIp¶p. (3) hntÃPv Hm^okn t\cnt«m Hm¬sse\mtbm e`n¡p¶ XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXv \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw hntÃPv Hm^okdn \n£n]vXamWv. F¦nepw C¯c¯n XpIIÄ kzoIcn¡m\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pth−n ckoXv \ÂIm\pw kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ, hntÃPv AknÌâv, hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâv F¶nhÀ¡v A[nImcapÅXmWv. XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXp \ÂIp¶Xn bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw hogvN hcp¯pItbm ImeXmakw D−m¡pItbm sN¿m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 5. Icw HSp¡v ckoXv X¿mdm¡p¶Xvþ (1) hntÃPv Hm^okntebv¡v Bhiyamb Icw HSp¡v _p¡pIÄ Bhiym\pkcWw Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw hm§n tÌm¡v sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw hnXcWw sN¿p¶ ckoXp _p¡pIfn Xmeq¡v ap{Zbpw Hmtcm _p¡nsebpw ckoXpIfpsS F®w km£ys¸Sp¯p¶ kÀ«n^n¡äpw D−mbncn¡p¶XmWv. Hmtcm XhWbpw ]pXpXmbn ckoXv _p¡v hm§pt¼mÄ hntÃPnse tÌm¡v cPnÌÀ Xmeq¡v A[nImcnIsf ImWn¨v t_m²ys¸Sp¯n sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS H¸v hmt§−Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâtbm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsStbm NpaXebmIp¶p. C¯c¯n Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw e`yamIp¶ ckoXp _q¡pIÄ ...........þmw \¼À A¡u−n tNÀt¡−Xpw Ah ssI¸äp¶bmÄ {]kvXpX A¡u−n ssI¸äp hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯n H¸phbvt¡−XpamWv. Akepw Uyq¹nt¡äpw AS§nbn«pÅ ckoXp _p¡n ImÀ_¬ ISemkv D]tbmKn¨v ckoXpIÄ X¿mdmt¡−Xpw ckoXv X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKس t]cpw, HutZymKnI Øm\hpw tNÀ¯v H¸v hbvt¡−XpamWv. C¯c¯n X¿mdm¡p¶ ckoXnsâ Ak Hm^okv ap{Z ]Xn¸n¨v I£nbv¡v \ÂtI−XmWv. (2) ckoXv FgpXn X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ ckoXnsâ H¶mw tImf¯n X−t¸À \¼cpw kÀtÆ \¼cpw hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. `q\nIpXn HgnsIbpÅ aäp XpIIÄ¡v ckoXv X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ B XpI GXv A¡u−v {]ImcamWv CuSm¡m\pÅsX¶pw B A¡u−nse _Ôs¸« {Ia \¼cpw tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. ckoXnse FÃm tImf§fpw IrXyambpw hyàambpw ]qcn¸n¨ncn¡Ww. Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw ckoXn sh«pXncp¯pIÄ Hgnhmt¡−XmWv. Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjhpw Ahkm\n¡pt¼mÄ D]tbmKn¡msX _m¡n h¶ ckoXv _p¡pIfps−¦n Ah XncnsI Xmeqt¡m^okn G¸n¨v ..........þmw \¼À ktäm¡v A¡u−n ssI¸äv tcJs¸Sp¯n hmt§−XmWv. F¶m `mKoIambn D]tbmKn¨ ckoXp _p¡pIfpsS kwKXnbn D]tbmKn¡m¯ FÃm ckoXpIfpsSbpw Akepw Uyq¹nt¡äpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ d±v sNbvXv H¸pw Øm\ap{Zbpw XobXnbpw tNÀt¡−Xpw d±v sNbvX ckoXpIfpsS hnhcw tÌm¡v cPnÌdn Ahkm\ `mK¯mbn tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw Pam_´n Hm^okÀ ]cntim[\ thfbn C¡mcyw Dd¸v hcpt¯−XpamWv. 6. ]ncnhp]Ww hchphbvt¡− {Iawþ (1) Hmtcm Znhkhpw sshIo«v 5 aWn hsc hntÃPv Hm^okn e`n¡p¶ XpIIÄ kzoIcn¨v ckoXv t\cnt«m Hm¬sse\mtbm \ÂIm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv. C¯c¯nepÅ ]ncnhp XpI apgph³ JP\mhn HSp¡phcp¯p¶Xphsc h¨p kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv.


(2) XpIIÄ t\cn kzoIcn¡p¶ kwKXnIfn Znhkmhkm\w ]ncnhpXpIIÄ ckoXp_p¡nse ImÀ_¬ {]XnIfpambn H¯pt\m¡n \mÄhgn FgpXn X¿mdm¡pI, \mÄhgnbnse tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ _Ôs¸« X−t¸cpIfntem A¡u−pIfntem cPnÌdpIfntem tcJs¸Sp¯pI F¶nh hntÃPv AknÌâv / kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. C§s\ X¿mdm¡p¶ \mÄhgn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \nXyhpw ]cntim[n¨v H¸p hbvt¡−Xpw km£ys¸Spt¯−XpamWv. bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw XpI bYmÀ°¯n e`n¡p¶Xn\v ap¼v ckoXv \ÂIm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. (3) Hm¬sse\mbn Bsc¦nepw XpIIÄ HSp¡phcp¯p¶ ]£w Cþt]bvsaâv kn̯n payment Requested, Verification F¶nh ]cntim[n¨v XpI HSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ A`yÀ°\ AwKoIcn¡pI, \nckn¡pI, d±v sN¿pI F¶n§s\bpÅ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡−Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâtbm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsStbm NpaXebmIp¶p. C{]Imcw A`yÀ°\ AwKoIcn¡pIbpw XpI Hm¬sse\mbn AS¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w ckoXv Generate sNbvXv \ÂtI−Xpw hntÃPv AknÌâv/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. F¶m t\cn«v XpI HSp¡phcp¯pIbpw Hm¬sse\mbn ckoXv X¿mdm¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Ahkc§fn hntÃPv AknÌtâm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm C\w, km¼¯nI hÀjw, XpI F¶nh Cþt]bvsaâv kn̯n tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m−v XpI kzoIcnt¡−Xpw ckoXv kn̯n P\tdäv sNbvXv {]nâu«v FSp¯v I£nbv¡v \ÂtI−XpamWv. C¯cahkc§fn sshIo«v 5 aWntbmSpIqSn Cþt]saâv kn̯n hntÃPv AknÌâv/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A¡u−v t¢mkv sNt¿−XpamWv. C{]Imcw A¡u−v t¢mkv sNbvX tijw AXmXp Znhk§fnse \mÄhgnbpsS ]IÀ¸v {]nâu«v FSp¯v {Iaambn ASp¡n kq£nt¡−XmWv. 7. ]ncnhv ]Ww JP\mhn HSp¡p¶ coXn-þ (1) ]ncnhp XpI 25000 cq]bn IhnbmXncp¶m BgvNbn Hcp XhWbpw AÃm¯ ]£w sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw cmhnsebpw ]Ww JP\mhn \nt£]nt¡−XmWv. bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ 25000 cq]bn Ihnbp¶ ]ncnhp XpI JP\mhn h¨p kq£n¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. ]ncnhp XpI JP\mhn HSp¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn hntÃPv AknÌâv HSp¡p IW¡nsâ ]IÀ¸v X¿mdm¡n hntÃPv Hm^oksds¡m−v H¯p t\m¡n¨v Is¿m¸v hmt§−XmWv. XpI JP\mhn HSp¡p¶Xn\v ap¼mbn hntÃPv AknÌâv/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ HSp¡p IW¡v, sNem³, \mÄhgn A¡u−v, ckoXp _p¡pIÄ F¶nh Xmeqt¡m^okn lmPcm¡n AXphscbpÅ ]ncnhv icnbmbn IW¡n sImÅn¨n«pÅXmbn sU]yq«n XlknÂZmsc t_m[ys¸Spt¯−Xpw A{]Imcw t_m[ys¸Sp¯nb hnhc¯n\v \mÄhgnbnepw ckoXp _p¡nepw sNem\nepw sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS Is¿m¸v hmt§−XmIp¶p. sNem³ {]Imcw HSp¡p¶ XpI Xmeq¡nse ]ncnhv cPnÌdn ]Xnt¡−Xpw A{]Imcw ]Xn¨Xn\v Un.kn._n ¢À¡v sNem\n ap{Z ]Xn¸n¨v sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS Is¿m¸v tNÀt¡−XmWv. C¯c¯n Iu−À ssk³ sN¿m¯ sNem\pIÄ {Sjdnbn kzoIcn¡p¶XÃ. sNem\pIÄ {]Imcw XpI HSp¡p hcp¯nb tijw sNem³ \¼À HSp¡n IW¡nepw \mÄhgnbnepw tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamIp¶p. Hmtcm amkhpw Ahkm\w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnI X¿mdm¡n Xmeqt¡m^okn G¸nt¡−XmWv. (2) Cþt]saâv kn̯n XpIIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶ kwKXnbn Hmtcm Znhkhpw sshIo«v 5 aWn¡v hntÃPv AknÌâv/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A¡u−v t¢mkv sNt¿−Xpw ]ncnhp XpI 25000/- cq]bn A[nIcn¡p¶ ]£tam Asæn aq¶p Znhk¯nsemcnbv¡tem A¡u−v t¢mkv sNbvX tijw At¶ Znhkw sshIot«m Asæn sXm«Sp¯ Znhkw cmhnsetbm sNem³, t]þC³þÉn¸v F¶nh hntÃPv Hm^okÀ P\tdäv sNt¿−Xpw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« _m¦n sNem³/t]þC³þÉn¸v lmPcm¡n XpI HSp¡phcpt¯−XpamWv. XpI kzoIcn¨v _m¦[nIrXÀ \ÂIp¶ sNem³/t]þC³þÉn¸v sNem³ ^ben kq£nt¡−XmWv.

A²ymbw-þ - 7

ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn


1. `q\nIpXn \nÀ®bwþ tIcf em³Uv SmI-vkv BÎv 1961 se c−mw hIp¸v {]Imcw Hgnhm¡nbn«pÅ `qanIfpw, kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsamgnsI kwØm\sam«msIbpÅ FÃm `qanIÄ¡pw C\tam Xctam IW¡nseSp¡msX ImemIme§fn kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¡p¶ \nc¡n `q\nIpXn Npat¯−XmWv. C{]Imcw Npa¯p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn HSp¡m³ Hmtcm ]«mZmcpw Asæn `qhpSabpw _m²yØ\mWv. Cu Bhiy¯ntebv¡v ""`qhpSa'' F¶m cPnÌÀ sNbvX ssIhi¡mct\m AbmÄ \nba]cambn A[nImcs¸Sp¯nb Btfm {]kvXpX `qanbpsS ssIhi¡mct\m kÀtÆ sNbvXn«nÃm¯ `qanbpsS Imcy¯n hkvXp DSatbm BImw. ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn CuSm¡p¶Xn\mbn Hmtcm hntÃPnepw ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−Xpw Hmtcm hÀjhpw \nIpXn CuSm¡nbXv kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw X−t¸À A¡u−n tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. kÀsÆ sNbvX `qanIÄ¡v \nIpXn Npat¯−Xv Hmtcm ssIhi `qanbv¡pw dh\yq dn¡mÀUpIfn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hnkvXoÀ®s¯ Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv. \nIpXn Xn«s¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ ssIhi `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w Hcp Bdn\v Xmsg hcp¶ `n¶mwi§sf Hcp Bdmbpw Npa¯s¸Sp¶ \nIpXn, Hcp cq]bn Xmsg hcp¶ `n¶mwi§sf Hcp cq]bmbpw IW¡nseSp¡Ww.\nIpXn \nÀ®bw kw_Ôn¨v ssIhi¡mÀ D¶bn¡p¶ Bt£]§fnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv. ssIhi¡mÀ D¶bn¡p¶ Bt£]§Ä hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfpambn H¯pt\m¡n Øe ]cntim[\bpw At\zjWhpw \S¯n ap¸Xv Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ _Ôs¸« hntÃPv B^oksd `q\nIpXn N«§fnse 10 sâ H¶mw D]N«w NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶p. \nIpXnZmbIÀ Hmtcm hÀjt¯bpw \nIpXn AXmXv hÀjw HtÎm_À amkw 15þmw XobXntbm AXn\p apt¼m _Ôs¸« hntÃPv B^okn HSpt¡−Xpw CXn hogvN hcp¯nbm IpSnÈnI XpIbv¡v XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ G{]n amkw H¶mw XobXn apX {]XnhÀjw H³]Xv iXam\w \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡−XpamWv. bYmkabw \nIpXn HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶hcpsS t]cn \nÀ_Ô \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v IpSnÈnI¯pI ]eni klnXw CuSm¡m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ ISs¸«ncn¡p¶p. `q\nIpXn \nbahpw N«§fpw A\pkcn¨pÅ FÃm t\m«okpIfpw _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ¡v knhn \S]Sn{Iaa\pkcn¨v bYmkabw \S¯m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. 2. \nIpXn\nÀ®bm[nImcnþ 28þ8þ1968 se 29080/_n 3/68/BÀ.Un. \¼À D¯chv {]Imcw \nIpXn \nÀ®bm[nImcw _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmcn \n£n]vXamWv. kÀtÆ sNbvXn«nÃm¯ `qanIfpsS Imcy¯n 1961 se tIcf `q\nIpXn \nbaw 7þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw _Ôs¸« Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀamÀ¡v Xm¡menI \nIpXn \nÀ®bw \S¯mhp¶Xpw A¯c¯n \nÀ®bn¨ \nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\v `qhpSa _m[yØ\pamWv. kÀsÆ \S]SnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbmb tijw 4 amk¯n\pÅn \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw \S¯n \nIpXnbnep−mIp¶ hyXymkw `qhpSabv¡v XncnsI \ÂIp¶Xn\v Asæn `qhpSabn \n¶pw CuSm¡p¶Xn\v \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡Ww. 3. A¸oÂþ 1961 se tIcf `q\nIpXn \nba¯nse 6,7 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ {]Imcw \nIpXn \nÀ®bn¨Xns\Xnsc 9þmw hIp¸nse hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambn _Ôs¸« `qan ØnXn sN¿p¶ PnÃbnse IfÎÀ ap¼msI A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. {]kvXpX `qan H¶n IqSpX PnÃIfn DÄs¸«phcp¶ kmlNcy¯n IqSpX `mKw GXv PnÃbnemtWm {]kvXpX PnÃbnse IfÎÀ ap¼msI thWw A¸o kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv. \nÝbn¨ \nc¡nepÅ \nIpXn HSp¡m¯ ]£w A¸o \ne\n¡p¶XÃ. A¸oen\v B[mcamb D¯chv ssI¸än 30 Znhk¯n\Iw \nÝnX amXrIbnepff t^md¯n A¸o kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv F¶ncp¶mepw aXnbmb ImcWw t_m[n¸n¡pIbpw BbXv A¸o A[nImcn¡v t_m²ys¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w 30 Znhk§Ä¡v tijw e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifpw kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. sk£³ 10, 11 F¶nh {]Imcw A¸o A[nImcn ssIs¡mÅp¶ Xocpam\w A´nahpw Hcp tImSXnepw tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sm\mIm¯XpamWv. F¶m \nIpXnZmbI\v hIp¸v 9(4) {]ImcapÅ t\m«okv ssI¸än 30 Znhk¯n\Iw BbXnse \nba {]iv\w Nq−n¡m«n At]£ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶Xpw BbXnt·Â hyàamb tÌävsaâv tcJs¸Sp¯n 60 Znhk¯n\Iw PnÃm tImSXn ap¼msI Xocpam\¯n\mbn kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv.


4. ae_mÀ em³Uv cPnkvt{Sj³ \nbawþ 1895 se ae_mÀ em³Uv cPnkvt{j³ BIvSv (1896 se 3þmw \nbaw) d±mbn«pff kmlNcy¯n \nIpXn sI«m¯ `qanIÄ¡pw (\n.sI. `qan) 1961 se `q\nIpXn \nbaamWv _m[Iambn«pffXv. \n.sI `qanIÄ kw_Ôn¨v \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯n\mbn e`n¡p¶ At]£bnt·Â kvYe]cntim[\ \S¯n hkvXp\njvTamb dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ hyànbpsS ssIhiw kw_Ôn¨ hniZhnhc§fpw dnt¸mÀ«n hniZambn {]Xn]mZn¨ncn¡Ww.

A²ymbw-þ - 8

sI«nS \nIpXn 1. tIcf sI«nS \nIpXn BÎv 1975 {]Imcw 1973 G{]n 1þmw XobXntbm AXn\ptijtam \nÀ½mWw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nb FÃm sI«nS§Ä¡pw Hä¯hW sI«nS \nIpXn _m[IamWv. sI«nS¯nsâ Xd hnkvXoÀ®s¯ Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv \nIpXn \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. H¶n IqSpX \neIÄ DÅt¸mÄ FÃm \neIfnepw IqSn DÄs¸« BsI XdhnkvXoÀ®amWv ¹n´v Gcnbbmbn IW¡m¡p¶Xv. 2. tI{µ kwØm\ Kh¬saâpIfpsStbm Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsStbm sI«nS§Ä, apJyambn aX]ctam, [À½]ctam hnZym`ymk]ctam Bb Bhiy§Ä¡mbn D]tbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ sI«nS§Ä, ^mÎdnItfm sXmgn imeItfm Bbn D]tbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ sI«nS§Ä, I¶pImen ^mw, ]¶n ^mw, tImgn ^mapIÄ, t]mfnlukv XpS§nbh hn¸\bv¡v AÃm¯ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn D]tbmKn¡pIbmsW¦n Ah, hmkKrl¯nt\mSv tNÀ¶pÅ ImÀt]mÀ¨v, sXmgp¯v, hndIp]pc, ImÀjntIm]IcW§Ä kq£n¡p¶ apdn, Hcp tIm¬{Ioäv sI«nS¯nsâ apIfnepÅ NphcpIfnÃm¯ ta¡qc F¶nhbv¡v sI«nS \nIpXn _m[IaÃ. F¶m \nIpXnbn \ns¶mgnhmbtijw Cu sI«nS§Ä Hgnhm¡en\v hncp²amb coXnbn D]tbmKn¡s¸SpIbmsW¦n sI«nSw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ XobXn apX 12% hmÀjnI ]eni klnXw \nIpXn ASbv¡phm³ DSa _m²yØ\mWv. 3. sI«nS \nIpXn BhÀ¯\ kz`mhapÅ Hcp \nIpXnbÃ. Hcnbv¡Â am{Xw Npa¯s¸Sp¶ Cu \nIpXn HSp¡n¡gnªm sI«nS DSabpsS _m²yX Ahkm\n¡p¶XmWv. \nIpXnZmbI³ \ÂtI− \nIpXn, \nIpXn Npa¯p¶ D¯chn \nÀt±in¡p¶Xpt]mse 4 Xpey ss{Xamk XhWIfmbn hntÃPm^okn HSp¡n ckoXv hmt§−XmWv. F¶m \nIpXn ZmbI\v AbmÄ B{Kln¡p¶ ]£w apgph³ XpIbpw H¶nt¨m \nÝbn¨Xnt\¡mÄ Ipdª XhWIfmtbm \ÂIp¶Xn\v kzmX{´yw D−mbncn¡p¶XmWv. D¯chv \ÂInb XobXn apX 30 Znhk§Ä¡Iw Snbm³ BZyXhW HSpt¡−Xpw ]n¶oSpÅ XhWIÄ XpSÀ¶p hcp¶ IzmÀ«dnse kam´c XobXnIfn HSpt¡−XpamWv. IrXykab¯v \nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\v hogvN hcp¯nbm \nIpXn IpSnÈnIbv¡v IpSnÈnI¡mc\n \n¶pw {]XnhÀjw 6% \nc¡n ]eni CuSm¡phm³ hntÃPm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡−XmWv. AÀlXbpÅ tIkpIfn sI«nS \nIpXn ]camh[n 10 hsc XhWIfmbn HSp¡p¶Xn\v A\phmZw \ÂIphm³ kÀ¡mcn\v A[nImcap−v. C§s\bpÅ tIkpIfn \nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\v hogvN hcp¯p¶ ]£w ImeXmak¯n\v {]XnhÀjw 18% \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡−XmWv. \nIpXn Npa¯Â D¯chns\Xnsc \nIpXn ZmbI\v A¸o t_m[n¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 4. sI«nS \nÀ½mWw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨v/A`nhr²ns¸Sp¯Â Ignª XobXn apX c−p amk¯n\pÅn Asæn Xmakw XpS§n 2 amk¯n\pÅn sI«nS DSa t^mdw \¼À II Hcp dnt«¬ ^b sNt¿−XmWv. aXnbmb ImcWw IqSmsXtbm am¸t]£ IqSmsXtbm GsX¦nepw hyàn dnt«¬ kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯nbm hogvN hcp¯p¶ Hmtcm Znhk¯n\pw 5/- cq] hoXw ]ng Npa¯mhp¶XmWv. 5. \nIpXn \nÀ®bw \S¯nb GsX¦nepw sI«nS¯n hn]peoIcW¯nsâtbm AäIpä¸WnIfptSmtbm ^eambn ¹n´v Gcnbbn hyXymkw h¶n«ps−¦n BsI


sI«nS¯nsâ ¹n´v Gcnb IW¡m¡n \nIpXn \nÀ®bn¨ tijw hn]peoIcW¯n\p ap¼v sI«nS¯n\v CuSm¡nb \nIpXn Ipdhv sNt¿−XmWv. 6. 278.7 N.aoätdm AXn IqSpXtem ¹n´v Gcnb DÅXpw 1999 G{]n 1 \p tijw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbn«pÅXpamb Xmakmhiy¯n\pÅ FÃm sI«nS§Ä¡pw BUw_c \nIpXn Npat¯−XmWv. BUw_c \nIpXn Hmtcm hÀjhpw amÀ¨v 31 \v ap¼v ap³Iqdmbn ASt¡−XmWv. 01.04.1973 \p tijw ]WnIgn¸n¨Xpw F¶m 01þ01þ99 \v ap¼v ]Wn ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbXpamb Hcp sI«nS¯n AXn\p tijw Iq«nt¨À¡epIÄ \S¯pIbmsW¦n ap¼v ]WnIgn¸n¨ sI«nS`mK¯nsâ XdhnkvXoÀ®apÄs¸sS sI«nS¯nsâ BsI XdhnkvXoÀ®w IW¡m¡n 278.7 N.aoädn IqSp¶ ]£w BUw_c \nIpXn Npat¯−XmWv. 7. kzImcy hyànIÄ \S¯p¶ tlmw tÌIsf ‘aäp sI«nS§Ä’F¶ hn`mK¯n DÄs¸Sp¯n \nIpXn Npat¯−XmWv. sI«nS \nIpXn XpI CuSm¡p¶Xn\mbn dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨ tIkpIfn sI«nS \nIpXn \nba {]Imcw ImeXmak¯n\v 6% ]eni CuSm¡p¶Xn\m AXn\p ]pdta dh\yq dn¡hdn N«{]Imcapff 5% If£³ NmÀÖv CuSm¡phm³ ]mSnÃ. 8. _n. Fkv. F³. FÂ, sI. Fkv. C. _n. hm«À AtXmdnän, sI.Fkv.F^v.Un.kn. XpS§nb s]mXptaJe Øm]\§fpsS sI«nS§sf sI«nS \nIpXnbn \ns¶mgnhm¡nbn«nÃ. Fkv.Fkv.sF cPnkvt{Sj\pff Øm]\§sf sI«nS \nIpXnbn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡p¶Xn\v hyhØbnÃ. Bcm[\meb§fpsS hmSIbv¡v \ÂIp¶ lmÄ, IeymWaÞ]w XpS§nbhbv¡v sI«nS\nIpXn CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv. 9. Hcp sI«nSw hyXykvX DSaØXbnepÅ {]tXyIw ^vemäpIÄ AS§nbXmbncn¡pIbpw sI«nS¯nsâ \nÀ½mWs¨ehv hyànIÄ Iq«mbn hln¨ncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ tIkpIfn Hmtcm A¸mÀ«psaânt\bpw {]tXyI sI«nSambn IW¡mt¡−XmWv. Xmak¯n\mbpÅ ^vemäpIsf Xmakn¡p¶Xn\pÅ sI«nS§fpsS \nIpXn IW¡m¡p¶ coXnbn Xs¶ IW¡mt¡−XmWv. BUw_c \nIpXn AS¨phcp¶ ^vemäv DÄs¸SbpÅ Xmak sI«nS kap¨b§Ä¡v hn¸\/B[mcw \S¶tijw kzX{´amb sI«nS`mK§fpsS XdhnkvXoÀ®t¯mSv s]mXphmbn D]tbmKn¡p¶ `mKw Xpeyambn hoXn¨p tNÀ¯ tijw 278.7 N.aoädn\p XmsgbmsW¦n XpSÀ¶v BUw_c \nIpXn CuSmt¡−XnÃ. 10. Xmakmhiy¯n\pÅ sI«nS§Ä¡v sI«nS \nIpXn, BUw_c \nIpXn F¶nh Npa¯nbtijw Ah `mKoIambn hn¸\ \S¯p¶ kmlNcy¯n Hmtcm sI«nS `mK¯nsâbpw Xd hnkvXoÀ®w {]tXyIambn Xn«s¸Sp¯n hn¸\¡ptijw IpdªXv 278.7 N.ao. Xd hnkvXoÀ®apÅ sI«nS§Ä¡v am{Xw BUw_c \nIpXn Npa¯mhp¶XmWv. Cu hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn sI«nS¯nsâ hn¸\ XobXn apX BUw_c \nIpXn \nehnse DSaØcpw AXnsâ ap³]nepÅ ImebfhnteXv ]gb DSaØ\pw HSpt¡−XmWv. 11. hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXe:þ (1) Hmtcm hntÃPm^okÀamcpw \nIpXn \nÀ®bnt¡− sI«nS§fpsS {]Xnamk tÌävsaâv t^mdw \¼À 1  X¿mdm¡pIbpw Sn sI«nS§Ä DÄs¸Sp¶ Xt±i Øm]\§fnse _nÂUnwKv B¹nt¡j³ cPnÌdnsâ kw£n]vXw klnXw amkw Ahkm\n¡p¶Xn\v 5 Znhkw ap¼v \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯n\mbn XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XpamWv. Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsS A\paXn BhiyanÃm¯ {]tZi§fn hntÃPm^okÀ t\cn«v enÌv kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. sI«nS \nIpXn \nÀ®bw \S¯nb hyànIfpsS hnhc§Ä AS§nb t^mw \¼À _n, \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯n\mbn dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvX tIkpIfpsS hniZmwi§Ä ImWn¡p¶ t^mdw \¼À kn, BUw_c \nIpXnbpambn _Ôs¸« t^mdw \¼À Un F¶o cPnÌdpIÄ hntÃPm^okn kq£nt¡−XmWv. 12. \nIpXn \nÀ®b A[nImcnt¡m At±lw NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ B^okÀt¡m A¸oe[nImcnt¡m dnhnj³ A[nImcnt¡m sI«nS\nIpXn \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\mbn I£nbv¡v t\m«okv \ÂInbtijw sI«nSw Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpw, CXv kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌÀ, e`yamb hnhc§Ä Ch Bhiys¸Smhp¶XpamWv. Ch \nÀÆln¡p¶Xn\v A[nImcs¸«


B^oksd XSÊs¸Sp¯p¶ hyàn¡v aq¶pamkw hsc XShpin£tbm 500 cq] ]ngtbm Ch c−pw IqSntbm e`n¡mhp¶XmWv.

A²ymbw-þ - 9

tXm«\nIpXn 5. tXm«`qanbpw hnfIfpwþ 1960 se tIcf tXm«\nIpXn \nba {]Imcw tXm«`qanIÄ¡v GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pff \nIpXnbmWnXv. {]kvXpX \nba{]Imcw sX§v, Ihp§v, dºÀ, Im¸n, tXbne, Gew, IpcpapfIv F¶o hnfIÄ Irjn sN¿p¶ tXm«`qanIÄ¡mWv tXm«\nIpXn _m[Iambn«pÅXv. tIcf ^n\m³kv BIvSv 2015 (BIvSv 11/2015 {]Imcw kzImcy hyànIfpsS tXm«§Ä \nIpXn CuSm¡p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡nbn«p−v.) 6. \nIpXn \nÀ®bwþ tXm« \nIpXn \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xv `qanbpsS `uXnI hnkvXoÀ®s¯ Bkv]Zam¡nbÃ. sX§v, IpcpapfIv, Ihp§v, Im¸n, dºÀ F¶o hnfIÄ¡v Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ hr£§fpsS Asæn sNSnIfpsS F®w Xn«s¸Sp¯nbpw tXbne, Gew F¶o tXm«§Ä¡v hnfhv \ÂIp¶ tXm« `qanbpsS hnkvXrXn Af¶p t\m¡nbpamWv \nIpXn \nÝbnt¡−Xv. 7. tXm«`qanIfpsS hnkvXoÀ® \nÀ®bw þ(1) tIcf tXm« \nIpXn \nbaw sk£³ 3(4) {]Imcw tXm«¯nsâ hnkvXoÀ®w NphsS ]dbpw {]Imcw slÎdn \nÀ®bn¡mw. {Ia \w. hnf hnkvXoÀ®w (slÎdnÂ) 1 sX§v BsI Imbv^eapÅ sX§pIfpsS F®s¯ 150 sIm−v lcn¨m In«p¶ kwJy 2

Ihp§v

kwJy

BsI Imbv^eapÅ Ihp§pIfpsS F®s¯ 1200 sIm−v lcn¨m In«p¶

3 F®s¯ 400 kwJy

dºÀ

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ dºÀ ac§fpsS sIm−v lcn¨m In«p¶

4 F®s¯ 1200 In«p¶ kwJy

Im¸n

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ Im¸ns¨SnIfpsS sIm−v lcn¨mÂ

5 F®s¯ kwJy 6 \n¡p¶

IpcpapfIv

tXbne

BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ IpcpapfIv sNSnIfpsS 750 sIm−v lcn¨m In«p¶ BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ tXbne sNSnIÄ `qhnkvXrXn

7 Gew BsI hnfhp \ÂIp¶ Gew sNSnIÄ \n¡p¶ `qhnkvXrXn (2) ta hnhcn¨ hnfIÄ Irjn sNbvXncn¡p¶hbpsS BsI `qhnkvXrXn ta ]«nI {]Imcw IW¡m¡p¶ hnf hnkvXrXntb¡mÄ Ipdhmbm BsI `qhnkvXrXn AYhm `qanbpsS bYmÀ° hnkvXoÀ®w am{Xw hnfhnkvXrXnbmbn IW¡m¡nbm aXn. 8. \nIpXn \nÀ®bm[nImcnþ Hcp Xmeq¡nse tXm« \nIpXn Npa¯m\pÅ A[nIrX DtZymKس B Xmeq¡nse XlknÂZmÀ Bbncn¡pw. F¶m H¶n¡qSpXÂ


Xmeq¡pIfn tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅ ]£w GXv Xmeq¡nemtWm \nIpXnZmbI\v IqSpX tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅXv, B Xmeq¡nse XlknÂZmÀ¡mWv \nIpXn Npa¯m\pÅ A[nImcw. H¶n IqSpX PnÃIfn tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅ ]£w GXv dh\yq UnhnjW B^okdpsS A[nImc ]cn[nbnemtWm IqSpX tXm« `qan ssIhiapÅXv B dh\yq UnhnjW B^okdmWv \nIpXn Npat¯−Xv. Hmtcm Xmeq¡ntebpw hntÃPv B^okÀamÀ X§fpsS hntÃPpIfn tXm« \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m[yXbpÅhcpsS Hcp enÌv hÀjw tXmdpw \nÀ±nã ^md¯n X¿mdm¡n AXmXv Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. {]kvXpX enÌn tXm« \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅhÀ¡v hntÃPm^okdpsS AdnhnÂs¸«nSt¯mfw GsXÃmw Xmeq¡pIfnepw hntÃPpIfnepw tXm« `qan ssIhiaps−¶v {]tXyIw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww 9. dnt«¬þ tXm« \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅhÀ X§fpsS ssIhiapÅ tXm« `qanIfpsS hnhc§fS§nb Hcp dnt«¬ \nIpXn Npa¯m³ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ DtZymKØ\v kaÀ¸n¡m³ _m²yØcmWv. CXn hogvN hcp¯p¶hsc Is−¯m\pw AhcpsS t]cn \nbam\pkrX \S]SnIsfSp¡m\pw hntÃPv B^okÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ enÌv klmbIcamWv. AXn\m \nIpXn \nÀ²mcW DtZymKس {]kvXpX enÌv hntÃPv B^okn kq£n¡p¶ tXm«hnf cPnÌÀ, \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅhcpsS cPnÌÀ, \nIpXnZmbIcpsS hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pffhcpsS cPnÌÀ F¶nhbpambn H¯pt\m¡n \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yXbpÅ FÃmhcpw \nÀ±nã dnt«¬ IrXykab¯v kaÀ¸n¨n«pt−msb¶pw A{]Imcw kaÀ¸n¨ dnt«WpIfnse hnhc§Ä icnbmtWm F¶pw ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv. 10. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«vþ (1)I£nIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt«WpIfnse hnhc§sf¡pdn¨v At\zjWw \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmWv. {]kvXpX dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv XlknÂZmÀ \nIpXn \nÀ®bnt¡−Xv. AXn\m dnt¸mÀ«n\pth−n XlknÂZmcn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ dnt«WpIfnse hnhc§sf Ipdn¨v At\zjWw \S¯n ImeXmakw IqSmsX \nÀ±nã t^md¯n XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv B^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. hntÃPv B^okÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«n dnt«¬ ^b sNbvXhcpsS ssIhi`qanbn A\p`hapÅXpw AÃm¯Xpamb hr£ hnhc§Ä {]tXyIw {]tXyIw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. A]qÀ®hpw AhmkvXhpamb hnhc§Ä kaÀ¸n¡pI aqew kÀ¡mcn\v \ãw t\cnSm³ km²yXbpÅXn\m At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡p¶ Ahkc¯n hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ th−{X Pm{KX ImWnt¡−XmWv. 11. t\m«okvþ \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xnt\mS\p_Ôn¨v tIcf tXm«\nIpXn \nba¯nepw N«§fnepw \njvIÀjn¨n«pff t\m«okpIÄ \nIpXnZmbIÀ¡v bYmkabw \S¯m\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡v NpaXebp−v. taep²cn¨ \nba¯nepw N«§fnepw hn`mh\w sNbvXn«pff FÃm t\m«okpIfpw I£nIÄ¡v X]m amÀ¤tam knhn \S]Sn N«§fn \nÀt±in¨n«pff coXnbntem \St¯−XmWv. \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn\p th−n \nIpXn \nÀ®b DtZymKس ]ment¡− \S]Sn{Ia§sf Ipdn¨v tXm« \nIpXn \nba¯nse 5,6 F¶o hIp¸pIfn hnhcn¨n«p−v. 12. \nIpXn Npa¯Â D¯chpw \nIpXn ]ncnhpwþ (1)\nIpXn Npa¯Â D¯chv ]mÊm¡n¡gnªm DS³Xs¶ D¯chnsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb Hcp ]IÀ¸v Unamâv t\m«okv klnXw I£n¡pw asämcp ]IÀ¸v _Ôs¸« hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw \ÂIp¶p. D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPm^okn e`n¨p Ignªm DS³Xs¶ hntÃPm^okÀ hnhcw \nIpXnZmbIcpsS hnhcw tcJs¸Spt¯− cPnÌdn tNÀt¡−Xpw D¯chn ImWn¨n«pff hmÀjnI \nIpXn InkvXv XnbXn¡p apX sh¨p \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw CuSm¡n ckoXp \ÂtI−XpamWv. \nIpXn C\¯n hÀjwtXmdpw apX shbv¡p¶ XpIbpsS ]ncnhnsâ ]ptcmKXn tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th−n hntÃPm^okn Hcp apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡−XmWv. (2) Hmtcm hÀjs¯bpw \nIpXn AXmXp hÀj¯nse InkvXp XnbXnt¡m AXn\p apt¼m hntÃPm^okn HSp¡n ckoXv hm§m³ \nIpXnZmbIÀ _m²yØcmWv. hmÀjnI\nIpXn, \nÀ±nã XnbXnt¡m AXn\papt¼m HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶Xmbm IpSnÈnIbmbn ]cnKWnt¡−Xpw IpSnÈnI¡mcn \n¶pw 1/04/1981-\p tijapff


IpSnÈnI¯pIbv¡v {]XnhÀjw 12 iXam\w \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡−XpamWv. F¶m 31.3.1981 hscbpff Imebfhnse IpSnÈnIbv¡v 9% \nc¡nemWv ]eni IW¡mt¡−Xv. ]eni IW¡m¡pt¼mÄ Hcp amk¯n Ipdª IpSnÈnI Imemh[n ]Xn\©p Znhktam AXn IqSpXtem Bbm Hcp amkambn IW¡mt¡−Xpw ]Xn\©v Znhk¯n Ipdªm AhKWnt¡−XpamWv. AXpt]mse Xs¶ Hcp cq]bn Ipdª IpSnÈnI¯pI A¼Xv ss]ktbm AXn IqSpXtem Bbm Hcp cp]bmbn IW¡m¡mhp¶Xpw A¼Xv ss]kbn Ipdª XpI Xffn¡fbmhp¶XpamWv. 13. \nIpXnZmbIsâ _m[yXþ Hcn¡Â Npa¯nb \nIpXn ]pXp¡n \nÝbn¡p¶Xphsc BZyw Npa¯s¸« \nIpXn {]m_ey¯nencn¡p¶Xpw hntÃPm^okÀ AX\pkcn¨v \nehnepff \nIpXn hÀjw tXmdpw apXen sIm−p h¶v \nIpXnZmbIcn \n¶pw bYmkabw CuSmt¡−XpamWv. \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb tXm«`qan A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯p¶tXmsSm¸w \nIpXn \ÂIm\pff \nIpXnZmbIsâ _m²yX Ahkm\n¡p¶nÃ. Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjmcw`¯nepw tXm«`qan BcpsS ssIhiamtWm AbmÄ \nIpXn \ÂIm³ _m²yØ\mWv. DZmlcWambn Hcp \nIpXn ZmbI³ Xsâ \nIpXn Npa¯s¸« 100 slÎÀ tXm«`qanbnÂ\n¶pw 50 slÎÀ `qan 10.04.2018 -\v asämcmÄ¡v XosdgpXn F¶v IcpXpI. F¦nepw sam¯w `qanbptSbpw (100 slÎdn\pw) 2018-þ19 km¼¯nI hÀjs¯ tXm«\nIpXn \ÂIm³ ap³ `qDSa Xs¶bmWv _m²yس. Xodp hm§nb hyàn¡v Xsâ 50 slÎÀ tXm«`qansb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfapff \nIpXn \ÂIm\pff _m²yX 2019-þ20 km¼¯nI hÀjwapXÂt¡ Bcw`n¡pIbpffq. 13. \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bwþ (1) \nIpXn¡p hnt[bamb tXm«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\p hyXymkw hcp¶X\pkcn¨v \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw sNt¿−XmWv. Xmsg hnhcn¡p¶ kmlNcy§fnemWv kzm`mhnIambpw tXm«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v hyXymkw hcpI (F) hkvXp A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯Â, hn¸\, ssIamäw, DSaamäw, `mKw hbv]v XpS§nbh (_n) \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡pItbm hs¨mgnbpItbm sN¿pI. (kn) hnfhp \ÂIp¶ hr£§Ät¡m sNSnIÄt¡m \mi\ãw kw`hn¡p¶Xp \nan¯w tXm« `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v Ipdhv kw`hn¡pI. (Un) hnfhv \ÂImXncp¶ hr£§fpw sNSnIfpw ]pXpXmbn hnfhp \ÂIm³ Bw`n¡p¶tXmSpIqSn tXm«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v hÀ²\hv D−mIpI. (2) \nIpXn \nÀ®b DtZymKØ\v, kzta[bmtbm \nIpXnZmbIsâ At]£bpsS ASnØm\¯ntem \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb tXm«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w ]p\À\nÀ®bw sN¿mhp¶Xpw AX\pkcn¨v \nIpXn \nc¡v ]pXp¡n \nÝbn¡mhp¶XpamWv. \nIpXn¡v hnt[bamb `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w ]p\À\nÀ®bw sN¿m³ \nIpXnZmbI³ km[mcWbmbn At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xv `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v Ipdhv kw`hn¡pt¼mgmWv. AXn\m \nIpXn¡p hnt[bamb `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v hÀ²\hv kw`hn¡p¶Xv I−p]nSn¨v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. bYmkabw \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw sN¿m³ Imehnfw_w t\cnSp¶Xpaqew kÀ¡mcn\v D−mIp¶ \ã¯n\v \nIpXn \nÀ®b DtZymKØ\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw D¯chmZnIfmbn¯ocp¶XmWv. AXn\m hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ \nIpXn Npa¯en \n¶pw c£t\Snb tXm«`qanIfpw, \nIpXnZmbIcpsS tXm«`qanbn ImemIme§fn D−mIp¶ hÀ²\bpw bYmkabw I−p]nSn¨v _Ôs¸« XlkoÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−XmWv. 14. hnfshSp¡m³ Bcw`n¨n«nÃm¯ hnfIsf kw_Ôn¨vþ tXm« DSaIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt«WpIfnepw hntÃPm^okÀ XlkoÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«nepw \nIpXn ZmbIsâ ssIhiapff hnfhv \ÂIm³ {]mbamIm¯ hr£§fpw sNSnIfpw F¶p apX¡v Imbv^ew \ÂIpsa¶v {]tXyIw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡pw. tXm«hnfIÄ hnfhv \ÂIm³ Bcw`n¡p¶tXmSpIqSn tXm« `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v hÀ²\hv D−mIp¶Xn\m {]Xo£nX hÀj¯n Xs¶ Ah hnfhv \ÂIm³ Bcw`nt¨m F¶v ]cntim[nt¡−Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ ISabmIp¶p. At\zjW¯n Ah hnfhv \ÂIm³ Bcw`n¨Xmbn t_m[ys¸«m hnhcw _Ôs¸« cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw \nIpXn ]p\À\nÀ®bw


sN¿m³ XlkoÂZmÀ¡v ip]mÀi kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. CÃm¯ ]£w hnhcw cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw thWw. 14. cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpwþ tXm« \nIpXnsb kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPm^okn kq£nt¡− cPnÌdpIfpsSbpw ^md§fptSbpw amXrI A\p_Ôambn tNÀ¯n«p−v. 15. \nIpXn \nc¡vþ 01/04/1981 apX \nehn h¶ tXm«\nIpXn \nc¡v NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p: (1) (2)

sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®w 2 slÎÀ hsc : 2 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m 4 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv {]XnhÀjw 200 cq] (3) 4 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m IqSpXepff Hmtcm 8 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv {]XnhÀjw 300 cq] (4) 8 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m Hmtcm 15 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv {]XnhÀjw 400 cq] (4) 15 slÎdn\v apIfn F¶m Hmtcm 25 slÎdn Ihnbm¯Xv {]XnhÀjw 500 cq] (4) 25 slÎdn\v apIfn Hmtcm

\nIpXnbnà c−v slIvSdn IqSpXepff Hmtcm : slÎdn\pw :

c−v

slIvSdnÂ

slÎdn\pw :

c−v slIvSdn IqSpXepff slÎdn\pw

:

c−v slIvSdn IqSpXepff slÎdn\pw

:

c−v slIvSdn IqSpXepff

slÎdn\pw {]XnhÀjw 700 cq] DZmlcWw 1þ NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ hr£§fpff Hcp tXm« DSabpsS tXm«¯n\v F§s\ \nIpXn \nÝbn¡Ww. Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ sX§v : 15 Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ IapIv : 12 Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ dºÀ : 600 Imbv¡p¶ Im¸ns¨Sn : 120 Imbv¡p¶ IpcpapfIv hffn : 15 hnfhv \ÂIp¶ tXbnet¯m«w : 60 slÎÀ hnfhv \ÂIp¶ Get¯m«w : 5slÎÀ \nIpXn \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\pth−n tXm«hnf`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w IW¡mt¡− coXnþ sX§v 15/100 = 0.15 slÎÀ IapIv 12/1200 = 0.01 slÎÀ dºÀ 600/400 = 1.50 slÎÀ Im¸n 12/1200 = 0.10 slÎÀ IpcpapfIv 15/75 = 0.20 slÎÀ tXbnet¯m«w = 60.00 slÎÀ (`qhnkvXrXn)


)

Get¯m«w

=

5.00 slÎÀ

sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®w

=

66.91 slÎÀ

(

\nIpXnþ BZys¯ 2 slÎdn\v \nIpXnbnÃ. sam¯hnkvXoÀ®w 25 slÎdn Ihnbp¶Xn\m c−v slÎdn\v apIfnepff 64.91 slÎdn\v {]XnhÀjw slÎÀ H¶n\v 700 cq] {Ia¯n tXm«\nIpXn 64.91 X 700 = 45437 cq]. DZmlcWw 2 DSabpsS ssIhi `qanbpsS BsI hnkvXoÀ®w 7 slÎÀ. AXnse hnfIÄ C{]ImcamWv. (1) Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ sX§v þ 900 F®w (2) Imbv^ew \ÂIp¶ Ihp§v þ 1400 F®w (3) BZmbw \ÂIp¶ dºÀ þ 900 F®w (4) Imbv^eapÅ Im¸ns¨Sn þ 600 F®w (5) Imbv^eapÅ IpcpapfIv sNSn þ 540 F®w (6) tXbne tXm«w -þ 2.00 slÎÀ

\nIpXn \nÀ®bw sX§v þ 900/ 150 = 6 slÎÀ Ihp§v þ 1400/ 1200 = 1.17 slÎÀ dºÀ þ 900/ 400 = 2.25 slÎÀ Im¸n þ 600 /1200 = 0.50 slÎÀ IpcpapfIv þ 540 /750 = 0.72 slÎÀ tXbne -þ = 2.00 slÎÀ BsI tXm« hnkvXoÀ®w = 12.64 slÎÀ tXm«`qanbpsS bYmÀ° `uXnI hnkvXoÀ®w 7 slÎdmbXn\m tXm« `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w = 7 slÎÀ

A²ymbw-þ - 10

PetkN\ \nIpXn 1. ]Ým¯ewþ PetkN\ \nIpXn (CdntKj³ skkv) Npa¯p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨v ap³ Xncps¡m¨n kwØm\¯pw ae_mÀ PnÃbnepw hnhn[ \nba§fpw N«§fpw \ne\n¶ncp¶p. tIcf kwØm\¯v H«msI GIoIrXambn 2003 Zn tIcf CdntKj³ Bâv hm«À I¬kÀthj³ BIväv \nehn h¶tXmSpIqSn {]kvXpX \nba§fpw N«§fpw Akm[phmIpIbp−mbn. 2. ]²Xn {]tZiwþ (1) Hcp PetkN\ ]²XnbpsS hnÚm]\w {]kn²oIcn¨p IgnªmepS³ {]kvXpX ]²Xn KpW{]ZamIp¶ Asæn KpW{]Zam¡mhp¶ `qanIsf kw_Ôn¨ Hcp ]«nI CdntKj³ B^okÀ X¿mdmt¡−XmWv. {]kvXpX ]«nIbn Sn Øe¯v Irjn sN¿p¶ Asæn IÀjIÀ Irjn sN¿m\pt±in¡p¶ hnfIsf¡pdn¨pÅ hnhc§Ä AS§nbncn¡Ww. CdntKj³ B^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ Cu ]«nIbpsS aXnbmb ]IÀ¸pIÄ _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−Xpw XlknÂZmÀ BbXnsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPv B^okn {]kn²oIcn¡p¶Xn\pw {]kvXpX `qanIÄ ]«nIbn DÄs¸Sp¯nbXns\Xnsc


Bt£]aps−¦n BbXv Hcp amk¯n\pÅn t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v Bhiys¸«v _Ôs¸« `qhpSaIÄ¡pw t\m«okv \ÂtI−XpamWv. {]kvXpX PetkN\ ]²XnbpsS KpWw e`n¡p¶ `qanIÄ H¶n IqSpX Xmeq¡pIfn DÄs¸«phcp¶Xmbm Gähpw IqSpX `qan DÄs¸«p hcp¶ XlknÂZmÀ¡mWv ]«nI kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv. A¯c¯n `qcn`mKw `qan DÄs¸«p hcp¶ Xmeq¡ns\ kw_Ôn¨v XÀ¡apÅ ]£w hnjbw kÀ¡mcnsâ ]cnKW\bv¡mbn kaÀ¸nt¡−Xpw kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\w A´naambncn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. (2) PetkN\ ]²Xn KpW{]ZamIp¶ `qanIfpsS ]«nIbvs¡Xnsc `qhpSaIÄ D¶bn¡p¶ Bt£]§fnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯pIbpw At]£Isc t\cn tIÄ¡pIbpw sNbvX tijw Bt£]w ssI¸än 3 amk¯n\pÅn Bt£]w \nckn¨psImt−m Bt£]w \ymbamsW¶v t_m²yambm ]«nIbn A¯c¯n amäw hcp¯ns¡mt−m XlknÂZmÀ D¯chv ]pds¸Sphnt¡−Xpw {]kvXpX D¯chv Bt£]ap¶bn¨bmfn\v Ab¨p sImSpt¡−XpamWv. XlknÂZmcpsS D¯chns\Xnsc Bt£]apÅ ]£w D¯chv ssI¸än 60 Znhk¯n\pÅn At]£I\v PnÃm IfÎÀ ap¼msI A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. A¯c¯n kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ A¸oen³ta PnÃm IfÎÀ c−v amk¯n\Iw Xocpam\w ssIs¡mtÅ−Xpw {]kvXpX Xocpam\w A´naambncn¡p¶XpamWv. hniZoIcWw : (`qhpSabpsS kz´w {]hr¯nsImt−m, Aew`mhw sImt−m Pee`yX D]tbmKn¡mXncp¶mepw A¯c¯nepÅ `qan Pee`yXbnÃm¯ `qanbmbn IW¡m¡m\mhnÃ.) (3) Bt£]§Ä XoÀ¸m¡nb tijw ]pXp¡nb `qanbpsS ]«nI, `qanbpsS hnkvXrXn, {]kvXpX `qanbn IrjnsN¿p¶ hnf F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ km£y]{Xw \nÝnX amXrIbn XlknÂZmÀ ]pds¸Snhnt¡−Xpw BbXv ]«nIbn hnhcn¡p¶ `qhpSaIÄ¡pw {]kvXpX `qan DÄs¸«phcp¶ ]©mb¯ntebv¡pw Ab¨psImSpt¡−XpamWv. C{]Imcw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIs¸« `qhpSabv¡v, kÀ«n^o¡äv e`n¨v 45 Znhk¯n\pffn A{]Imcapff kÀ«n^n¡äv d±m¡p¶Xnt\m t`ZKXn sN¿p¶Xnt\m th−n Bhiysa¦n dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ ap¼msI At]£ \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C¯cw At]£bnt·epff XoÀ¸ns\Xnsc PnÃm IfIvSÀ ap¼msI A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XpamWv. 3. PetkN\ \nIpXnþ (1) 2003 se tIcf CdntKj³ Bâv hm«À I¬kÀthj³ BIvSnsâ 21þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸«phcp¶ FÃm `qanIÄ¡pw hmÀjnI PetkN\ \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn\v kÀ¡mcn\v A[nImcap−mbncn¡pw. C¯c¯n ImemIme§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ \nc¡nepÅ PetkN\ \nIpXn, _Ôs¸« hkvXp ØnXn sN¿p¶ hntÃPv Hm^okn kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¡p¶ kab¯pw coXnbnepw HSp¡m³ `qhpSa _m²yØ\mWv. (2) sk£³ 21 {]ImcapÅ kÀ«n^n¡äv {]m_ey¯nepÅnSt¯mfw Imew {]kvXpX kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸« `qanIÄ¡v kÀ«n^n¡än ]dªncn¡p¶ XobXnt¡m, AXn\p apt¼m Unamâv t\m«okv IqSmsX Xs¶ PetkN\ \nIpXn HSpt¡−XmWv. BbXn\v hogvN hcp¯p¶ ]£w IpSnÈnI 6% \nc¡n ]eni CuSmt¡−XmWv. PetkN\ \nIpXn bYmkabw HSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶ IpSnÈnI¡mc\n \n¶pw IpSnÈnI XpI ]eni klnXw dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v hkqemt¡−XmWv.

A²ymbwþ 11

(F) dh\yq dn¡hdn 1. dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaw kw_Ôn¨vþ `qanbn \n¶v CuSmt¡−Xmb s]mXp \nIpXn IpSnÈnI, t{]mkkv ]Snbpw ]enibpw DÄs¸sS \nÀ_Ô \S]SnIsfSp¯v IpSnÈnI¡mcn \n¶pw CuSm¡m³ 1968 se tIcfm dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaw dh\yq DtZymKØsc A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶p. Cu \nbaa\pkcn¨v IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ PwKa hkvXp¡tfm Ømhc hkvXp¡tfm P]vXn sNbvXv tee¯n hntäm P]vXn sNbvX Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä kÀ¡mÀ amt\PvsaânseSp¯v taemZmbsaSpt¯m IpSnÈnI¡mcs\ AdÌp sNbvXv XS¦enÂ


ht¨m IpSnÈnI CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv. IpSnÈnI CuSm¡p¶Xn ta¸dª amÀ¤§Ä {Iaambn ]men¡Wsa¶nÃm¯Xpw, Htc kabw H¶ne[nIw amÀK§Ä Ahew_n¡mhp¶XpamWv. 2. `qanbn Npa¯s¸« s]mXp \nIpXnbpw t{]mkkv]Snbpw:þ (1) `qanbn Npa¯s¸« s]mXp \nIpXn AYhm em³Uv dh\yq F¶XpsIm−v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v aptJ\ Npa¯s¸«XmhpIbpw `qanbn Npa¯s¸« \nIpXnIfmbncn¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶XmWv. `qanbnt·Â Npa¯nbncp¶mepw AÃmXncp¶mepw `qanbnt·epÅ asäÃm \nIpXnIfpw, ^okpIfpw skÊpIfpw PetkN\mhiy§fpambn _Ôs¸«v Kh¬saân\v \ÂtI−Xmb hcnIfptam AYhm aäp hnlnX§fptam AXn DÄs¸Sp¶XpamWv. AXmbXv em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, tXm« \nIpXn, t]m¡phchv ^okv, shÅ¡cw, sI«nS \nIpXn, kÀtÆ NmÀPv F¶nhsbÃmw `qanbnt·Â Npa¯s¸« s]mXp \nIpXnIfmsW¶À°w. C¯c¯n GsX¦nepw `qanbnt·epÅ s]mXp \nIpXn IpSnÈnI CuSm¡p¶Xn Cu \nba{]Imcw kzoIcn¡p¶ \S]SnIÄ B `qanbpsSbpw AXnepÅ sI«nS§fpsSbpw AXnse D¸¶§fpsSbpw taepÅ BZys¯ NmÀPmbncn¡p¶XmWv. (2) t\m«okv \S¯p¶Xn\v CuSm¡nhcp¶ t\m«okp]Sn, hkvXp hIIÄ P]vXnsNbvXv \o¡w sN¿p¶Xn\pw Ah kq£n¡p¶Xn\pw NnehmIp¶ XpI, P]vXnsNbvX hkvXphIIÄ tee¯n hn¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨ ]cky§Ä {]kn²oIcn¡p¶Xn\pÅ sNehv, sI«nS§fpsS aqeyw \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\p sNehmIp¶ sktâPv NmÀÖv, IpSnÈnI¡mcs\ XS¦en ]mÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\pÅ sNehv F¶nhbmWv ""t{]mkkv ]Sn'' F¶ ]ZwsIm−v hnh£n¡p¶Xv. 3. dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbahpw dh\yq DtZymKØcpw:þ (1) dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba¯n IfÎÀ, PnÃm IfÎÀ F¶nhÀ¡v {]tXyI A[nImc§Ä hn`mh\w sNbvXncn¡p¶p. {]kvXpX \nba¯nse 2(kn) hIp¸\pkcn¨pÅ IfÎdpsS A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn\v NphsS ]dbp¶ DtZymKØsc A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXmWv.

hln¡p¶

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

PnÃm IfÎÀ sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (P\dÂ) sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn) dh\yq UnhnjWÂ Hm^okÀ (Hcp dh\yq Unhnjsâ k_v IfÎdpw AknÌâv IfÎdpw DÄs¸sS)

NmÀÖv

(2) IfÎdmbn A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« Hcp DtZymKØ\v dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba¯nse 73þmw hIp¸\pkcn¨v X¶n \n£n]vXambncn¡p¶ A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn\pw IÀ¯hy§Ä \ndthäp¶Xn\pw asämcp DtZymKØs\ A[nImcs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. C{]Imcw A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶ DtZymKkYs\ ""A[nIrX DtZymKس'' AYhm ' BXssdkvUv Hm^okÀ'' F¶p ]dbp¶p. (2) PwKaP]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\v 7þmw hIp¸v {]Imcapff t^mdwþ1 t\m«okv aptJ\ IfIvSdn \n£n]vXamb A[nImc§Ä hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdpIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Cu \nba{]Imcapff “BXssdkvUv Hm^okÀ” BIp¶p (i)

dh\yq IpSnÈnI kzoIcn¡p ¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw (4-þmw hIp¸v)þ XlknÂZmÀ

(ii)

sU. XlknÂZmÀ Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ H¸nSp¶Xn\pff A[nImcw sU. XlknÂZmÀ

XlknÂZmÀ


(iii)

PwKaw P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw (7 apXÂ 11 hsc hIp¸pIÄ) t\cnt«m sU]yq«n XlknÂZmÀ, dh\yq

XlknÂZmÀ

C³kvs]ÎÀ, Hm^okÀ,

hntÃPv

Chcnemscsb¦nepw

\ntbmKnt¨m PwKaw P]vXn sN¿mhp ¶XmWv. (iv) Hmlcn, ISw, tImSXn Un{In, s\tKmjy_nÄ C³kv{Spsaâv, sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS ]mÀ«vWÀjn¸v F¶nh P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ ]Zhnbn A[nImcw (19 apX 27 hsc hIp¸pIÄ) XmsgbÃmsXbpÅ (v) (vi)

HcptZymKس Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ XlknÂZmÀ, A[nImcw (34, 35, 50 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ) sU. XlknÂZmÀ 44(3), 46, 48 F¶o hIp¸pIf\pkcn¨pÅ A[nImc§Ä sU. XlknÂZmcpsS ]ZhnbnÂ

XmsgbÃmsXbpÅ Hcp DtZymKس (vii) 49, 50, 51, 57 F¶o hIp¸pIf\pkcn¨pÅ A[nImc§Ä XlknÂZmÀ (viii) 62, 63 F¶o hIp¸pIf\pkcn¨pÅ A[nImc§Ä XlknÂZmÀ, XlknÂZmÀ (ix) dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv H¸nSp¶Xn\pff IfIvSÀ (dh\yq A[nImcw (hIp¸vþ69(3)) dn¡hdn)

sU.

sU]yq«n

4. PnÃmIfIvSdpsS A[nImcwþ NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ A[nImc§Ä PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v am{Xta hn\ntbmKn¡m\mIq. AXmbXv dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbaa\pkcn¨v IfÎdmbn \ntbmKn¡s¸« Hcp DtZymKØ\v Cu A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡m\mInÃ. (i) IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ hym]mcw (_nkn\kv) P]vXn sNbvXv amt\Pvsaân GsäSp¡pI (hIp¸v 43) (ii)

IpSnÈnI¡mcs\ AdÌv sNbvXv XS¦en hbv¡pI (hIp¸v 65, 66)

5. dh\yq dn¡hdn \nbahpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw:þ (1) em³Uv dh\yq C\¯nepÅ \nIpXnIfpw aäp dh\yq hchn\§fpw InkvXv XobXnt¡m aäp \nÀ±nã XobXnt¡m e`n¡m¯ ]£w IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS t]cn dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIfmcw`nt¡−Xv hntÃPv Xe¯nemWv. `qanbn Npa¯s¸« em³Uv dh\yq hchn\§Ä IpSnÈnIbmIp¶ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯n XlknÂZmÀ 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ X¿mdm¡n Xsâ Is¿m¸pw ap{Zbpw tNÀ¯v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡p \ÂtI−Xpw BbXnsâ ASnØm\¯n hntÃPvHm^okÀ XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡−XpamWv. F¶m em³Uv dh\yq IpSnÈnI hcp¯nb hyàn IpSnÈnI hcp¯nb PnÃbneÃmsX asämcp PnÃbn Xmakn¨phcp¶ ]£w XlknÂZmcpsS dnt¸mÀ«nsâ


ASnØm\¯n sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn) t^mdwþ23 epÅ Hcp dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv ]pds¸Sphnt¡−Xpw BbXv XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ¡mbn IpSnÈnI¡mc³ Xmakn¨p hcp¶ PnÃbnse PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XpamWv. (2) em³Uv dh\yq C\¯nepÅtXm AÃmsXbpÅtXm Bb IpSnÈnIIsf kw_Ôn¨v 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]Imcw \nehn Hm¬sse\mbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v e`n¡p¶ Unamâv t\m«okpIfpsS Bhiyamb {]XnIÄ {]nâu«v FSp¡pIbpw dh\yq dn¡hdn eUvPÀ, t\m«okv cPnÌÀ F¶nhbn Bhiyamb tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ \S¯nbtijw hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâv aptJ\ IpSnÈnI I£nIÄ¡v bYmhn[n \S¯pIbpw Unamâv t\m«okpIfpsS \S¯p{]XnIÄ Hm¬sse\mbn A]vtemUv sN¿pIbpw sNt¿−XmWv. dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba{]ImcapÅ Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¨mepS³ AhbpsS Hmtcm {]XnIÄ _Ôs¸« k_v cPnkv{SmÀ¡v IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ Ømhc hkvXp hnhc§fS§nb sat½mdm−w klnXw Ab¨p \ÂIWsa¶v C³Uy³ cPnkvt{Sj³ \nba¯nse 89(6)(F) hIp¸n hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅXn\m XlknÂZmÀ¡v C¯c¯nepÅ \S]Sn kzoIcn¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ e`n¨mepS³ IpSnÈnI¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä Xmeq¡m^okntebv¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv. (3) em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ \nIpXnIÄ IqSmsX CXc hIp¸pIÄ Npa¯p¶ Nc¡p tkh\ \nIpXn, ImÀjnImZmb \nIpXn, A_vImcn, tamt«mÀhml\ \nIpXn XpS§nb aät\Iw \nIpXnIfpw IpSnÈnIIfpw kÀ¡mcn\p Int«−Xmb asäÃm IpSnÈnIIfpw CuSm¡p¶Xn\mbn _Ôs¸« AÀ°\m[nImcn \ÂIp¶ AÀ°\m]{X¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n 25þmw \¼À ^md¯n IfÎÀ dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpw Xmeq¡v Xe¯nepw hntÃPv Xe¯nepw `q\nIpXn IpSnÈnIbntesX¶t]mse XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. 71þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw Cu \nbaw _m[Iam¡nbn«pÅ Øm]\§fpsS Imcy¯nepw ta hyhØIÄ _m[IamWv 6. PwKa P]vXnbpw teehpw:þ (1) 7þ-mw hIp¸p {]Imcw A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« tIkpIfn IpSnÈnI¡mcpsS PwKa hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t\cn«v \S]SnIÄ FSpt¡−XmWv. Unamâv t\m«okv IpSnÈnI¡mc\v bYmhn[n \S¯nb tijw IpSnÈnI Bhiys¸tS−Xpw IpSnÈnI¡mc³ IpSnÈnI HSp¡p hcp¯m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶ ]£w DS³ Xs¶ PwKa km[\§Ä P]vXn sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. P]vXn sNt¿− PwKa hkvXphn c−v A\utZymKnI hyànIfpsS km¶n²y¯n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kv]Àin¨ tijw BbXv P]vXn sNbvXXmbn {]Jym]n¡pIbmWv th−Xv. XpSÀ¶v P]vXn alkÀ X¿mdm¡nbtijw P]vXn sNbvX hkvXphIIÄ kpc£nX kq£n¸ntebv¡p amtä−XpamWv. P]vXn alÊdnsâ Hcp {]Xn, P]vXn sNbvX hkvXphIIÄ hbv¡pItbm kq£n¡pItbm sN¿p¶ Øe¯nsâ hniZhnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n hogvN¡mc\v ssIamtd−XmWv. PwKa§Ä P]vXn sN¿pt¼mÄ IpSnÈnI XpIbv¡v A[nIamIp¶ Xc¯n P]vXn sN¿m³ ]mSnÃm¯Xpw, C¯c¯nepÅ P]vXn \S]SnIÄ kqtcymZb¯n\p tijhpw kqcymkvXab¯n\p ap¼pw am{Xambn ]cnanXs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. F¶m NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ PwKa§Ä bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw P]vXn sN¿m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmIp¶p. (i)

km[mcW [cn¡p¶ hkv{X§Ä

(ii) Xmen, hnhml tamXncw, BNmc]ctam aX]ctam Bb Iogv\S¸\pkcn¨v icoc¯n \n¶pw thÀs]Sp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯Xmb B`cW§Ä. (iii)

]qPIÄ¡pw

Bcm[\IÄ¡pw

D]tbmKn¡p¶

Gähpw

Npcp§nb

tPmUn

F¶Xn\p

hkvXp¡Ä (iv) Irjn Bbp[§fpw Gähpw IpdªXv hnt[bambn DghpImenbpsS F®¯nsâ \mensem¶v.

Hcp

(v)

ssIs¯mgnen\pff D]IcW§Ä

(vi)

kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn hnÚm]\w sN¿p¶ aäp hkvXphIIÄ.


(2) P]vXn sNbvX PwKa§Ä H¶pw Xs¶ D]tbmKn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. am{XhpaÃ; Ah Ifhp t]mImsXbpw \jvSw kw`hn¡msXbpw tISphcmsXbpw kq£n¡m\pw P]vXn sNbvX DtZymKس _m[yØ\mWv. P]vXnbnencn¡p¶ PwKa km[\§Ä Bsc¦nepw A\phmZw IqSmsX amänbm hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hnhcw DS\Sn XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«p sNt¿−XmWv. PwKa§Ä P]vXn sNbvX tijw Ah tee¯n hn¡p¶Xn\p ap³]mbn IpSnÈnI¡mc³ IpSnÈnI¯pI t{]mkkv]Sn DÄs¸sS HSp¡p¶ ]£w B kwJy kzoIcn¨v PwKa§Ä X£Ww hn«p\ÂtI−XmWv. (3) P]vXn sN¿p¶ apX ^e§tfm hnfItfm Bbm Unam³Uv t\m«okv `qanbn ]Xn¨p \S¯ns¡m−mIWw Ah P]vXn sNt¿−Xv. C¯c¯n P]vXnsNbvX hnfItfm ^e§tfm hnfshSp¡m³ ]mIamIpt¼mÄ Ah hn¡pItbm AÃm¯]£w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v Ah bpàamb amÀK§Ä Ahew_n¨v hnfshSp¯v hn¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XmWv. hnfshSp¡p¶Xn\pw kq£n¡p¶Xn\pw D−mIp¶ sNehpIÄ DSaØsâ ]¡Â\nt¶m Ah hn¡pt¼mÄ CuSm¡p¶ XpIbnÂ\nt¶m CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv. (4) P]vXn sNbvX PwKa§Ä teew sN¿p¶Xn\p apt¶mSnbmbn t^mdwþ2 epÅ t\m«okv hogvN¡mc\p \St¯−Xpw bYmhn[n ]ckys¸Spt¯−XpamWv. IfÎÀt¡m A[nIrX DtZymKØt\m t\cnt«m Asæn Xsâ tcJmaqeapÅ A[nImc]{X¯m NpaXes¸Sp¯s¸« dh\yq C³kvs]ÎdpsS ]Zhnbv¡p XmsgbÃmsXbpÅ Hcp DtZymKس aptJ\tbm hn¸\ \S¯mhp¶XmWv. tee t\m«okv IpSnÈnI¡mc\v \S¯nb XobXnbn \n¶pw 15 Znhk§Ä¡p tijw am{Xta PwKa teew \S¯m³ ]mSpffq. F¶m s]s«¶v \in¨pt]mImt\m tISmImt\m CSbpff hkvXphIIÄ hnÂt¡−n hcp¶ Ahkc§fn ta 15 Znhk kab ]cn[n ]ment¡−XnÃm¯XmWv. P]vXn sNbvX PwKa§Ä H¶mtbm shtÆsdtbm teew sN¿mhp¶XmWv. teew \S¶mepS³ t{IXmhv (teew sIm−bmÄ) {Ibhne ]qÀ®ambpw ASbvt¡−Xpw A§s\ HSp¡phcp¯nbmepS³ Xs¶ PwKa§Ä t{IXmhn\v hn«p\ÂtI−XpamWv. PwKatee§Ä¡v tee ØncoIcWw BhiyanÃm¯XmWv. dh\yq dn¡hdn \S]SnIsf XpSÀ¶pÅ FÃm tee§Ä¡pw tee Ubdn, tee alkÀ F¶nh X¿mdmt¡−Xp−v. teew amän hbv¡p¶ Ahkc§fn t]mepw tee alkÀ X¿mdmt¡−Xv A\nhmcyamWv. tee Ubdn, tee alkÀ F¶nhbpsS amXrIIÄ A\p_Ôwþ Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p (5) hmSI, \mWbw, Id³kn, s\tKmjy_nÄ C³kv{Spsaâv F¶nhbpw PwKa§fpsS \nÀhN\¯nÂs¸Sp¶Xpw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« t^md§fnepÅ D¯chpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¨psIm−v Ch P]vXn sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. (6) P]vXn sN¿p¶ DtZymKØ\v GsXmcp hmkKrl¯ntem sI«nS¯ntem {]thin¡pItbm Bhiysa¦n _ew {]tbmKn¨p {]thin¡pItbm PwKa P]vXn¡mbn A§s\bpÅ hmkKrl¯ntem sI«nS¯ntem DÅ GsXmcp apdnbpsS hmXnepw Ip¯ns¸mfn¨p Xpd¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. F¶m kv{XoIÄ¡v am{Xambn Xmakn¡m\mbn amänhbv¡s¸« apdnIfn {]thin¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn AhÀ Hgnªpamdp¶Xntebv¡mbn {]tZihmknIfpw kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm¯hcpamb c−p t]cpsS km¶n²y¯n t\m«okv \ÂtI−Xpw kv{XoIÄ Hgnbp¶ apdbv¡v PwKa P]vXnIÄ DS\Sn ]qÀ¯nbm¡n A¯cw apdnIÄ Xmak¡mÀ¡v \nÀ_m[w hn«psImSpt¡−XpamWv. 7. Ømhc P]vXnbpw teehpwþ (1) 34-þmw hIp¸p {]ImcapÅ Unamâv t\m«okv IpSnÈnI I£nbv¡v \S¯nb tijw 10 Znhk¯n\Iw hogvN¡mc³ IpSnÈnI HSp¡phcp¯m¯ ]£w IfÎÀ¡v hogvN¡mcsâ hIbmb ØmhchkvXp P]vXn sNbvXpsIm−v D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡mhp¶XmWv. CXntebv¡mbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ hogvN¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ ØmhchkvXphnhcw X−t¸À IW¡nsâ(Nnä) icn¸IÀ¸v klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v Abbvt¡−XmWv. 36þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ P]vXn D¯chv hkvXphn ]Xn¡p¶ XobXn apX P]vXnbv¡v {]m_eyw D−mbncn¡p¶XmWv. hogvN¡mcsâ t]cnepÅ Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn \nb{´W§fnsænepw hn¸\ \S¯p¶ Ahkc¯n {]mtbmKnIamIp¶nSt¯mfw IpSnÈnIbpw AXnt·epÅ ]enibpw \S¯n¸p sNehpw ho«m³ aXnbmIp¶Xn IqSpX hcp¶ `qan HcpImcWhimepw teew sN¿m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv.


(2) P]vXn sNbvX tijhpw IpSnÈnI HSp¡p hcp¯m¯ kwKXnIfn IpSnÈnIbpw A\p_Ô XpIIfpw CuSm¡p¶Xn\v ]cym]vXamb `qan Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯n t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v, alÊÀ, hne\nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv/dnt¸mÀ«v F¶nh klnXw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. XpSÀ¶v XlknÂZmÀ 16þmw \¼À t^md¯nepÅ tee t\m«okpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. `qanbpsS It¼mf hne \nÀ®bw \S¯pt¼mÄ P]vXn sNbvX `qanbnepÅ Ccp]¯¿mbncw cq]bne[nIw hnebpff sI«nS§fpsS hne\nÀ®b km£y]{Xw s]mXpacma¯v (sI«nS hn`mKw) F©n\obÀamcn \nt¶m Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fnse F³Pn\obÀamcn \nt¶m BIWw e`yamt¶−Xv. Ccp]¯¿mbncw cq]bne[nIcn¡m¯ aqeyapff sI«nS§fpsS hne\nÀ®bw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v \S¯mhp¶XmWv.C¯cw Ahkc§fn kÀ«n^n¡äv X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pÅ sktâPv NmÀÖv ap³Iqdmbn \ÂtI−XnÃ. adn¨v tee \S]SnIÄ¡ptijw XpI AS¨psImÅmsa¶v s]mXpacma¯v / Xt±ikzbw`cW A[nImcnIÄ¡v tcJmaqeapÅ Dd¸p \ÂInbm aXnbmIp¶XmWv. `qanbpsS It¼mf hne \nÀ®bw \S¯p¶Xn\v `qanbpsS hne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv (Valuation Certificate) A\phZn¡pt¼mÄ A\phÀ¯n¡p¶ AtX \S]Sn{Ia§fmWv kzoIcnt¡−Xv. (3) teew \S¯p¶ Ahkc§fn s]mXp tee¯n\v ]camh[n {]Nmcw \ÂIp¶Xn\pw IqSpX BfpIsf tee¯n ]s¦Sp¸n¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yXs¸«ncn¡p¶p. teew \S¡pt¼mÄ tee Ubdn, tee alkÀ F¶nh X¿mdm¡phm³ teew \S¯p¶Xn\v \nbpà\mb DtZymKس _m²yØ\mWv. kÀ¡mcntebv¡v teew sImÅp¶ Ahkc§fn (Bought-in-land) 71-þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸« Øm]\amWv AÀ°\m[nImcnsb¦n AÀ°\m[nImcnbpsS t]cnemIWw ØmhchkvXp tee¯n ]nSnt¡−Xv. (4) ØmhchkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿p¶Xn\v apt¶mSnbmbn Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ \S¯nbXpsImt−m 36þmw hIp¸p {]Imcw P]vXn sNbvXXpsImt−m am{Xw hogvN¡mc\v Xsâ hkvXphnepÅ DSaØmhImi§Ät¡m, AhImi _Ô§Ät¡m bmsXmcp tIm«hpw kw`hn¡p¶nÃ. tee ØncoIcW tijw am{Xta tee XobXn {]_ey¯n hogvN¡mc\v Xsâ `qanbnepÅ C¯cw AhImi§Ä CÃmXmIpIbpÅq.AXn\m Xs¶ tee¯obXnhscbpw hogvN¡mc\n \n¶pw `q\nIpXn kzoIcn¡p¶Xnt\m hogvN¡mc³ t]cn `qan kw_Ôamb km£y]{X§Ä A\phZn¡p¶Xnt\m XSÊanÃm¯XmWv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn \nIpXn ckoXntem km£y]{X§fntem P]vXn kw_Ôn¨ dnamÀ¡v IpSnÈnI¯pIbpsS hnhcw klnXw \nÀ_Ôambpw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. (5) P]vXn sNbvX Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä kÀ¡mÀ A[o\XbnseSp¡pIbpw hntÃPv Hm^oksd GPâmbn \ntbmKn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ ]£w IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw Ah bYmhn[n kq£n¡m\pw Ahbn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ hchpIÄ¡v IrXyambn IW¡p kq£n¡m\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØ\mIp¶p. taemZmbw (usufructs) hIbnepÅ hchpIÄ bYmkabw IpSnÈnIbntebv¡v hI sImÅn¡pIbpw _m¡nbpÅXv hogvN¡mc\v \ÂtI−XpamWv. C¯c¯n GPâv F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kq£n¡p¶ IW¡pIÄ ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\v hogvN¡mc\v kuIcyw \ÂtI−XpamWv. 8. t_m«vþC³þem³Uv kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIÄ:þ (1) t_m«vþC³þem³Uv B¡nb tijw tee¯obXn apX 2 hÀj¯n\pffnembn IpSnÈnIbpw A\p_Ô XpIIfpw ]qÀ®ambn HSp¡phcp¯p¶ ]£w C¯c¯n hne hm§nb `qan ]qÀ®ambpw hogvN¡mc\v XncnsI hn«p \ÂtI−Xp−v. F¶m C¯c¯n XpI HSp¡phcp¯p¶bmÄ `qclnX\mhpIbpw XpI HSp¡p hcp¯p¶Xv 2 hÀj¯n\p tijhpw 5 hÀj¯n\pÅnemIpIbpw sNbvXm hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn 25 skâv apX 1 G¡À `qan hsc XncnsI hn«p \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C¡mcW§fm t_m«vþC³þem³Uv Bbn {]Jym]n¨ `qan tee ØncoIcW tijw _Ôs¸«hsc Hgn¸n¨v ssIhi¯nseSp¯v ]pdt¼m¡ntebv¡v C\w amäw \S¯n 5 hÀjw hsc aämhiy§Ä¡p]tbmKn¡msX kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv.


(2) 71-þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸« Øm]\§Ä t]cn t_m«vþC³þem³Uv B¡nb `qanIÄ Sn Øm]\§fpsS t]cn D]JÞnI (1) se hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn ssIamdn \ÂImhp¶XmWv. 9. t\m«okpIfpw D¯chpIfpw \St¯− hn[wþ (1) t\m«okpIfpw D¯chpIfpw km[mcW KXnbn hogvN¡mc\v t\cn«v ssIamdpIbpw ssI¸äv hnhcw \S¯p{]Xnbn tcJs¸Sp¯n hm§pIbpamWv th−Xv. F¶m IpSnÈnI I£nbpsS Akm¶n²y¯n t\m«okpItfm, D¯chpItfm hogvN¡mcsâ IpSpw_¯nse {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb GsX¦nepw ]pcpj AwKs¯ G¸n¨psIm−v \S¯p {]Xnbn ssI¸äp hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯n hm§mhp¶XmWv. ta hnhcn¨ {]Imcw t\m«okv \S¯m³ km[n¡msX hcnItbm IpSnÈnI I£n t\m«okv ssI¸äm³ hnk½Xn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ Ahkc¯n t\m«oknsâ ]IÀ¸v IpSnÈnI¡mc³ ]Xnhmbn Xamkn¡p¶ `h\¯nsâ ]pdw hmXnen {]tZihmknIfpw kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm¯hcpamb c−v XSkdpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨v \St¯−XmIp¶p. C{]Imcw ]Xn¨p \S¯pt¼mÄ ]Xn¨p \S¯m\p−mb ImcWhpw ]Xn¨p \S¯nb sI«nS¯nsâ \¼cpw t\m«okn hnhcnt¡−XmWv. DZmlcWambn, ""IpSnÈnI¡mc³ t\m«okv ssI¸äm³ hnk½Xn¨Xn\m Snbmsâ hkXnbmb XII/242/TGP(2011) \¼À sI«nS¯n XSkdpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨p \S¯nbncn¡p¶p'' F¶ hn[¯nemIWw C¯cw Ahkc§fn t\m«okn \S¯p hnhcw tcJs¸Spt¯−Xv. (2) t\m«okpIÄ \S¯p¶Xn\pÅ asämcp amÀKw t\m«okpIÄ hogvN¡mc³ t]cn cPnÌÀ sNbvX X]m apJm´ncw Abbv¡pI F¶XmIp¶p. C¯c¯n cPntÌÀUv X]m apJm´ncw Abbv¡p¶ t\m«okpIÄ hogvN¡mc\v \ÂIm³ km[n¡msX Fs´¦nepw ImcW§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n X]m A[nIrXÀ aS¡nbmepw {]kvXpX t\m«okv 1897 se P\d t¢mkkv \nba¯nse 27þmw hIp¸nse hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn I£nbv¡v \S¯nbn«pÅXmbn ]cnKWn¨v XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. (3) hntÃPv ^oÂUv AknÌâv \S¯msX aS¡p¶ t\m«okn A{]Imcw \S¯m³ km[n¡m¯Xn\v FgpXnbn«pff ImcWw icnbmtWmsb¶v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ At\zjn¨v t_m[ys¸tS−XmIp¶p. IpSnÈnI¡mc³ aäp hà hntÃPntem Xmeq¡ntem AYhm A\y kwØm\t¯m Xmak¡mc\msW¶v Adnhv e`n¨m AbmfpsS XmakØew At\zjn¨dnªpw Adnhnsæn B hnhcw ImWn¨pw t\m«oknsâ ]pd¯v FgpXn t\m«okv Xmeq¡m^oknte¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. (4) 7, 34 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ t^mdwþ1, t^mdwþ10 F¶o t\m«okpIfmWv Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ. Ch \S¯p¶ Ahkc¯n Xs¶ \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ Unamâv t\m«okv ]Sn CuSmt¡−XmWv. Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¨p F¶ ImcW¯m am{Xw Unamâv t\m«okv ^okv CuSm¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. bYmÀ°¯n t\m«okv \S¯nbn«ps−¦n am{Xta Unamâv t\m«okv ]Sn CuSmt¡−XpÅq. GsX¦nepw kmlNcy¯n t\m«okv \S¯m³ km[n¡msX hcpItbm t\m«okv \S¯p¶Xn\v ap³]v IpSnÈnI CuSm¡pItbm sN¿p¶ ]£w Unam³Uv ]Sn Ipdhv FgptX−XmWv (5) 7-þmw hIp¸v t\m«okv \S¯nbmepS³ PwKaP]vXn \S¯mhp¶XmWv. F¶m 34þmw hIp¸v t\m«okv \S¯n 10 Znhk§Ä Ignªp am{Xta Ømhc hkvXp¡Ä P]vXn sN¿m³ IgnbpIbpÅq. AXpt]mse PwKa tee¯n\pÅ t\m«okv I£n¡v \S¯nb XobXnbpw tee XobXnbpw X½n 15 Znhks¯ CSthf D−mbncnt¡−XmWv. 16þmw \¼À t^md¯nepÅ Ømhc hkvXp hn¸\bv¡pÅ t\m«okv Cw¥ojnepw, aebmf¯nepw ]pds¸Sphnt¡−Xpw BbXv IpSnÈnI I£nbv¡v \S¯pIbpw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw sNbvX XobXnbn \n¶pw 30 Znhkw IgnªpÅ XobXnbnembncn¡pIbpw thWw teew \St¯−Xv. Ømhcteew 60 Znhk¯n Ipdª Imebfhntebv¡v amän hbv¡p¶ ]£w 16þmw \¼À t^md¯n ho−pw t\m«okv ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpw \S¯pIbpw sNt¿−XnÃ. F¶m Ømhc teew 60 Znhkw IgnªpÅ XobXnbnte¡v amän hbv¡p¶psh¦n 16þmw \¼À ^md¯nepÅ t\m«okv ho−pw ]pds¸Sphn¡pIbpw bYmhn[n \S¯pIbpw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw sNt¿−Xp−v. Ømhc hkvXphn GsX¦nepw t\m«okpIÄ ]Xn¨p \S¯p¶Xn\mbn {]kvXpX `qanbn Hcp sNdnb t_mÀUv \m«nbtijw BbXn t\m«okpIÄ XSkdpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨p \S¯pIbmWv th−Xv. C¯c¯nÂ


\S¯nbtijw \S¯p{]XnIfn t\m«okv \S¯nb DtZymKس t]cv, HutZymKnI Øm\w, XobXn, H¸v F¶nh tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ BbXn tasem¸p hbvt¡−XpamWv. t\m«okpIÄ \S¯pIbpw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xnse hogvNIÄ ""hkvXpXm]camb ]niIpIÄ'' (Material Irregularities) BIbm teew AØncs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v C¯cw hogvNIÄ ImcWamIpsa¶pÅXpsIm−v t\m«okpItfm D¯chpItfm \S¯p¶Xnepw {]kn²oIcn¡p¶Xnepw ta hnhcn¨ Ime]cn[nIfpw hyhØIfpw IÀi\ambn ]men¡m³ hntÃPv Poh\¡mÀ _m[yØcmWv. 10. If£³ NmÀPpw kÀÆokv NmÀÖpwþ (1) 68, 71 hIp¸pIÄ {]ImcapÅ IpSnÈnIIÄ CuSm¡pt¼mÄ {]kvXpX IpSnÈnIbv¡v \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ If£³ NmÀÖv IqSn CuSm¡m³ dh\yq DtZymKØÀ _m²yØcmWv. (2) F¶m 71þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ IpSnÈnIIÄ AÀ°\m[nImcnIÄ dh\yq A[nImcnIsf Adnbn¨psIm−v Hä¯hW XoÀ¸m¡Â aptJ\ CuSm¡p¶ ]£w AÀ°\m[nImcnIÄ t\cn«v CuSm¡nb XpIbv¡v If£³ NmÀÖn\p ]Icambn 1% \nc¡nepÅ kÀÆokv NmÀÖv CuSm¡nbm aXnbmIpw

(_n) dh\yq dn¡hdn Hm¬sse³ 11. dh\yq dn¡hdnbpambn _Ôs¸« AÀ°\IÄ Abbv¡pI, dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ ]pds¸Sphn¡pI, Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ X¿mdm¡pI,eUvPdpIÄ X¿mdm¡pI apX þ ]ncnhvþ _m¡n ]{XnI X¿mdm¡pI F¶p XpS§n Hs«Ãm \S]SnIfpw RR Online F¶ kwhn[m\¯n C¶p e`yamWv. 12. Unam³Uv t\m«okpIÄ {]nâu«v FSpt¡−Xvþ Xmeqt¡m^okn \n¶pw hntÃPnte¡v Abbv¡p¶ Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ hntÃPv AknÌânt\m, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀt¡m, RR Online sh_vsskänse 'Inbox"  \n¶pw {]nâu«v FSp¡mhp¶Xpw Ah I£nbv¡v \S¯nb tijw \S¯p hnhc§Ä 'Serve Demand Notice" F¶ `mK¯v tNÀ¡mhp¶XpamWv. t\m«okpIÄ \S¯nb hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbmeÃmsX ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä, tÌ hnhc§Ä F¶nh tNÀ¡p¶Xnt\m Hä¯hW XoÀ¸m¡Â hnhc§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯p¶Xnt\m IgnbnsöXn\m Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ e`n¨mepS³ Ah {]nâu«v FSp¯v I£nbv¡v bYmhn[n \S¯nb tijw \S¯p hnhc§Ä tNÀ¡pI F¶Xv hntÃPv AknÌâv / kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. hntÃPn e`n¨ t\m«oknse I£n asämcp hntÃPnsetbm Xmeq¡nsetbm PnÃbnsetbm Xmak¡mc\msW¦n Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ aS¡pIbÃ, adn¨v C¯cw tIkpIfn bYm{Iaw Village Correction /Taluk Correction / District Correction F¶n§s\bpÅ Hm]vj³ skeÎv sNbvXv hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯pIbmWv th−Xv. Unamâv t\m«okpIfpsS \S¯p hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶tXmsS {]kvXpX tIkv Inboxþ \n¶pw Out box tebv¡v amdp¶Xmbncn¡pw. 13. Unam³Uv aS¡p¶Xn\pff \S]Sn{Iawþ GsX¦nepw Ahkc§fn dh\yq dn¡hdn tIkv aSt¡−Xps−¦n hntÃPv AknÌtâm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm RRC Return F¶ Hm]vj\n dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äv \¼À tNÀ¯tijw Tab _«¬ AaÀ¯nbm {]kvXpX ^b Xpd¶p In«p¶Xpw aS¡m\pÅ ImcWw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m−v tkhv sNbvXm Sn tIkv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS t]mÀ«entebv¡v amdp¶Xpambncn¡pw. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ BbXv ]cntim[n¨v A{]qhv sN¿p¶tXmsS Sn tIkv hntÃPnse Unamân \n¶v Ipdbp¶Xmbncn¡pw. IqSmsX IpSnÈnI XpIIÄ ]qÀ®ambn ]ncns¨mSp¡p hcp¯nb tIkpIÄ 'RRC Closure" F¶ Hm]vj\n ImWm³ Ignbpw. Chbpw Xmeq¡ntebv¡v aSt¡−XmWv.


14. ]ncnhp hnhc§fpsS tcJs¸Sp¯Âþ ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä tNÀ¡p¶Xn\v RR Collection F¶ Hm]vj\n {]thin¨v dh\yq dn¡hdn kÀ«n^n¡äpw ]ncnhp XobXnbpw tNÀ¯tijw Submit _«¬ {]kv sNbvXm In«p¶ Normal Collection Details F¶Xnse Collection Amount F¶ `mK¯v XpI tcJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. CtXmsSm¸w DNF, CC F¶o tImf§fn AXmXp XpIIÄ ImWm³ Ignbp¶XmWv. `mKnIambn ]ncnhp hcp¶ tIkpIfn Exclude CC and DNF F¶ Hm]vj\n {]thin¨mIWw ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä tNÀt¡−Xv. C¯c¯n ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nb tijw Cu hnhc§Ä hntÃPv AknÌtâm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm tkhv sN¿p¶tXmsS Ch AwKoImc¯n\mbn hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS t]mÀ«entebv¡v amdp¶Xmbncn¡pw. XhW A\phZn¨n«pÅ tIkpIfn 'collection Amount" F¶ `mK¯v XhW XpI ImWmhp¶Xpw Ahkm\ XobXnbnse¦nepw HSp¡m¯ kmlNcy¯n Stay kzta[bm \o¡w sN¿s¸Sp¶Xpambncn¡pw. Unamâv t\m«okpIÄ \S¯p¶ Ahkc¯n Xs¶ t\m«okv ]Sn CuSm¡nbn«ps−¦n Miscellaneous Collection F¶ Hm]vj\n {]thin¨v ]ncnhp hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. 15. HSp¡p hnhcwþ ]ncnhp h¶ XpI {Sjdnbn HSp¡nbmepS³ RR Remittance F¶ `mK¯v 'Remit" F¶ _«¬ ¢n¡v sNbvXv HSp¡p hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯v tkhv sNt¿−XmWv. HSp¡p hnhc§fpsS tcJs¸Sp¯en\v hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS A{]qh BhiyanÃm¯XmWv. ]ncnhp XpI AÀ°\m[nImcnÄ t\cn«p \ÂInbn«pÅ ]£w Direct payment to RA F¶ Hm]vj³ hgnbmIWw HSp¡p hnhc§Ä tNÀt¡−Xv. t\m«okp]Sn 'Miscellaneous CollectioneqsSbmWv tNÀ¯n«pÅsX¦n A¯cw ]ncnhpIfpsS HSp¡v hnhcw Miscellaneous Remittance F¶ Hm]vj³ hgnbmWv tcJs¸Spt¯−Xv. ]ncnhp kw_Ônbmb HSp¡p hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbm am{Xta apXÂþ]ncnhvþ_m¡n ]{XnIbnÂ, ]ncnhp hnhc§Ä DÄs¸SpIbpÅq F¶Xn\m HSp¡p hnhc§Ä IrXyambn tNÀ¡p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. 16. tÌ hnhc§Äþ hnhn[ tÌ hnhc§Ä DÄs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v RRC Stay F¶ Hm]vj\n Apply Box-  ¢n¡v sNbvXv tÌ hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw tÌ D¯chv k-vIm³ sNbvXv Upload sNbvX tijw Ch tkhv sNt¿−XpamWv. tÌ hnhc§Ä C§s\ tkhv sNbvX tijw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A{]qhv sNt¿−Xp−v. 17. apXÂþ ]ncnhvþ _m¡n ]{XnIþ FÃm amkhpw H¶mw XobXn ap³ amks¯ apXÂþ ]ncnhvþ]{XnI Hm¬ sse\n Generate sNt¿s¸Sp¶XmWv. BIbm Ahkm\ Znhks¯ HSp¡p hnhc§Ä At¶ Znhkw Xs¶ enter sN¿m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ {i²nt¡−XmWv. 18. AÀ°\m[nImcnIÄ tNÀ¡p¶ hnhc§Äþ Unamân amäw hcp¯pI, Hä¯hW XoÀ¸m¡Â \S]Sn hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯pI F¶nh AÀXY\m[nImcnbv¡v t\cn«v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. AÀ°\m[nImcn Unamân t`ZKXn hcp¯nbn«ps−¦n Modified Demand F¶ `mK¯v BbXnsâ hnhc§Ä e`yamWv. IqSmsX Hä¯hW XoÀ¸m¡Â hnhc§Ä One Time Settlement F¶ Hm]vj\n \n¶pw Adnbm³ Ignbp¶XmWv.

`mKwþ IV `qkw c£W \S]SnIÄ A²ymbwþ12

`qkwc£W \nba{]ImcapÅ tIkpIÄ


2. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfn A\phmZw IqSmsX {]thin¡p¶Xns\ \ntcm[n¡pIbpw A\[nIrX {]thi\w Is−¯nbm BbXv Hgn¸ns¨Sp¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xn\mbn 1957 se 8þmw \nbaamb tIcf `qkwc£W \nbahpw AXnse 13þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw 1958  cq]oIcn¨ N«§fpw \S¸n hcp¯nbn«pÅXmWv. `qkwc£W N«§fnse 4þmw N« {]Imcw dh\yq hIp¸nse DtZymKØcpsS {]mYanIamb IÀ¯hyw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIÄ kwc£n¡pI F¶XmWv. 3. kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphÄþ (1) `qkwc£W \nba{]Imcw ""kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan'' F¶Xn FÃm s]mXp tdmUpIfpw sXcphoYnIfpw CShgnIfpw Ahbntem Ahbv¡cnIntem DÅ ]me§fpw HmSIfpw AWIfpw thenIfpw ISensâbpw XpdapJ§fpsSbpw ISenSp¡pIfpsSbpw thentbä ASbmf¯n\p IognepÅ ASn¯«pw ]pgIÄ, shÅw ]mbn¡p¶Xnt\m hän¡p¶Xnt\m DÅ NmepIÄ, tXmSpIÄ, Ipf§Ä, XSmI§Ä, ImbepIÄ, BdpIÄ F¶nhbpsS XS§fpw IcIfpw, sI«n \n¡p¶tXm HgpIp¶tXm Bb Pemib§Ä F¶nhbpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. (2) IqSmsX, P·namÀ, C\mwZmÀ, hmÀKvZmÀ F¶nhcpsStbm, AhÀ aptJ\ AhImis¸SpItbm AhcpsS Iognembn A\p`hn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ BcpsSsb¦neptam, Kh¬saântebv¡v Icw sImSp¡p¶Xn\v GsX¦nepw hn[¯n DÄs¸«ncn¡p¶ `qanIfpsS A\p`h¡mcpsStbm, DSaØmhImi¯nÂs¸« t]cnÂ]Xnª atäsX¦nepw `qanbpsS A\p`h¡mcpsStbm; X¡me ssIhi¯nepÅ ssek³kv aqeaÃmsX aäphn[¯n Kh¬saân \n¶p In«n `qan A\p`hn¡p¶ BcpsSsb¦neptam AÃm¯, kwØm\¯pÅ FÃmhn[ `qanIfpw FÃm hgnbhImi§Ä¡pw s]mXp P\§Ä¡pÅ aähImi§Ä¡pw aäp `qhpSaIfpsS kztXbpÅ AhImi§Ä¡pw kuIcymhImi§Ä¡pw aäp \m«p\S¸hImi§Ä¡pw hnt[bambn kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡Ä Bbncn¡p¶XpamIp¶p. (3) C´ybnse atäsX¦nepw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpsStbm tIcf kwØm\ Ce{Înknän t_mÀUnsâtbm GsX¦nepw \nba{]Imcw Øm]n¡s¸«n«pÅ bqWnthgvknänbpsStbm 1994 se tIcf ]©mb¯v cmPv BÎn³ Iogn \nÀÆNn¨n«pÅ GsX¦nepw ]©mb¯nsâtbm 1994 se tIcf ap\nkn¸menän BÎn³ Iogn \nÀhNn¨n«pÅ GsX¦nepw ap\nkn¸menänbpsStbm DSaØXbnepÅtXm AXpasæn tIcf kÀ¡mcnsâtbm Hcp ap\nkn¸Â tImÀ¸tdjsâtbm \nb{´W¯ntem DSaØXbntem DÅ FÃm `qanIfpw `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 3þmw hIp¸n \nÀhNn¨n«pÅ ""kÀ¡mÀ hkvXp'' F¶Xn DÄs¸Sp¶XmIp¶p. 4. ]pdt¼m¡vþ (1) ]pdt¼m¡v F¶m \nIpXn Npa¯s¸Sm¯Xpw s]mXpImcy§Ät¡m {KmaoWcpsS kmapZmbnImhiy§Ä¡v D]tbmKn¡p¶tXm AXntebv¡mbn Hgn¸n¡s¸«tXm Bb kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡Ä F¶À°amIp¶p. (2) kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp F¶Xv ]pdt¼mt¡m ]pdt¼m¡Ãm¯ kÀ¡mÀ `qantbm BImw. FÃm ]pdt¼m¡pIfpw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fmbncn¡pw. F¶m FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fpw ]pdt¼m¡pIfmIWsa¶nÃ. (3) ]pdt¼m¡v F¶XnÂ, s]mXp tdmUpIÄ, sXcphoYnIÄ, CShgnIÄ, DuSphgnIÄ F¶nhbpw Chbnt·tem Chbv¡cnInemtbm DÅ ]me§fpw IpgnIfpw AWIfpw thenIfpw IqSmsX ]pgbpw, shÅw ]mbn¡p¶Xn\pw hän¡p¶Xn\papÅ NmepIÄ, tXmSpIÄ, Ipf§Ä, XSmI§Ä, ImbepIÄ, shŨmepIÄ F¶nhbpsS ASn¯«pIfpw IcIfpw, N´IÄ, ivaim\§Ä, IShpIÄ Chbpw `qkwc£W \nba¯nsâ Bhiy¯ntebv¡mbn kÀ¡mÀ AXXp Imew ]pdt¼m¡mbn {]Jym]n¡p¶ aäp `qanIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. 5. It¿ä§fpsS kz`mhwþ (1) kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbn A\[nIrXambn {]thin¨v ssIhiw Øm]n¡pI, kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfn \n¶pw hne]nSn¸pÅ km[\§fmb a®v, NÃn, NcÂ, Icn¦Ãv, sh«pIÃv, Np®m¼pIÃv F¶nh A\[nIrXambn IS¯ns¡m−p t]mIpI, kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfn \n¡p¶ D]tbmK{]Zamb hr£§Ä \in¸n¡pItbm \nbahncp²ambn kz´am¡m³ {ian¡pItbm sN¿pI, A\paXn IqSmsX kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbn GsX¦nepw `n¯ntbm, thentbm sI«nStam aäp Nab§tfm (structure) Øncamtbm


Xm¡menIamtbm \nÀ½n¡pI, kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbpsS D]cn`mKt¯bv¡v Xq§n \n¡p¶tXm XÅn \n¡p¶tXm Bb hn[¯n GsX¦nepw `n¯ntbm thentbm sI«nStam aäp Nab§tfm (Structure) Øncamtbm Xm¡menIamtbm \nÀ½n¡pI F¶nhsbms¡ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfnep−mImhp¶ A\[nIrX {]thi\¯nsâtbm It¿ä¯nâtbm Zrãm´§fmWv. (2) C¯c¯n It¿ä§Ä {i²bnÂs¸«m A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä XSbphm\pw It¿ä¡mÀs¡Xnsc in£m\S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw `qan kÀ¡mcnte¡v Hgn¸ns¨Sp¡p¶Xn\pw dh\yq DtZymKØÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. 6. kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfpw dh\yq DtZymKØcpwþ (1) Hmtcm hntÃPv Hm^oknepw AXmXv hntÃPv AXnÀ¯n¡pÅn ØnXn sN¿p¶ FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ \nÀ±nã t^md¯n X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−Xpw t]cn ]Xnª hkvXp¡fmbncp¶ `qanIÄ ]n¡me¯v A\yw \n¸v, hns«mgnbÂ, hnebv¡phm§Â, s]m¶pw hnebvs¡Sp¡Â, \n£n]vXam¡Â, hos−Sp¡Â (Resumption) F¶o amÀK§fneqsS kÀ¡mÀ `qanIfmbn C\w amdpt¼mÄ Ahbpw {]kvXpX cPnÌdn DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. (2) ]pdt¼mt¡m AÃmsXbpÅtXm Bb kÀ¡mÀ hkvXphIIfn A\[nIrX {]thi\w {i²bnÂs¸«m A¯cw `qanIÄ Af¶v kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡n Ahbn ImWp¶ A\[nIrX {]thi\§sf kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw IfÎÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmIp¶p.1958 se `qkwc£W N«§fnse N«w 2(kn) bn hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS \nÀÆN\¯n hntÃPv AknÌâpw DÄs¸Sp¶Xn\m kÀsh sNbvXv kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡pI, "F' t^mdw dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡pI, alkÀ X¿mdm¡pI F¶o tPmenIÄ \nÀÆln¡p¶Xn\v hntÃPv AknÌâpw _m[yØ\mWv. 7. IfÎdpw NpaXeIfpwþ (1) hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«nt·Â Øe]cntim[\ \S¯pI, It¿ä¡mcs\ hnNmcW sN¿pI, A\[nIrX {]thi\w Hgn¸n¡pI F¶nh IfÎdpsS NpaXeIfmWv. kwØm\¯n\pÅnse FÃm¯cw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphIIfnepapÅ A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\pw It¿äw Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pambn `qkwc£W \nbaw 15þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ IfÎdpsS A[nImc§Ä hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xn\v Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀamsc NpaXes¸Sp¯ns¡m−v kÀ¡mÀ hnÚm]\w ]pds¸Sphn¨n«p−v. (2) F¶m h\`qanIfnse A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä kw_Ôn¨ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\v kwØm\s¯ h\w hIp¸nse t^mdÌv sdbv©v Hm^okÀamÀ, tZiob]mXIfnse It¿ä§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v tZiob]mX hn`mK¯nse AknÌâv F©n\obÀamÀ, s]mXpacma¯v hIp¸v PetkN\ hn`mK¯nsâ DSaØXbnepÅ `qanIfnse A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v {]kvXpX hIp¸nse AknÌâv FI-vknIyq«ohv F©n\obÀamÀ, Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsS DSaØXbnepÅ `qanIfnse A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v {Kmw]©mb¯pIfpsSbpw, ap\nkn¸menänIfpsSbpw sk{I«dnamÀ F¶nhscbpw `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 15þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ IfÎÀamcmbn kÀ¡mÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXmWv. BIbm C¯cw `qanIfnse It¿äw {i²bnÂs¸«m hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A\[nIrX {]thi\w kw_Ôn¨ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n AXmXv hIp¸pIfnse IfÎÀamcmbn \ma\nÀt±iw sN¿s¸« DtZymKØÀ¡p ssIamdpIbpw IfÎÀamcpsS \nÀt±i§f\pkcn¨v {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpamWv th−Xv. 8. A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä hntÃPv Xe¯n ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ \S]Sn{Iawþ(1) A\[nIrX {]thi\§Ä bYmkabw Is−¯p¶Xn\mbn hntÃPv AknÌâpw kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpw aq¶p amk¯nsemcn¡se¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsS AXnÀ¯nbnepÅ kÀtÆ ASbmf§Ä ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw hnhcw hntÃPv Hm^oksd [cn¸nt¡−XpamWv. C¯c¯n hntÃPv AknÌtâm, kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿p¶hbn ]¯p iXam\w tIkpIfn hntÃPv Hm^okdpw A©p iXam\w tIkpIfn hntÃPnsâ NpaXebpÅ sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpw ta ]cntim[\ \S¯m³ _m[yØcmWv. C¯c¯n hntÃPv Hm^okdpw sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpw kÀsh ASbmf§Ä ]cntim[n¡p¶ hnhcw kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fpsS cPnÌdn Is¿m¸pw


XobXnbpw h¨v tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw Pam_´n Hm^okÀ Cu cPnÌÀ ]cntim[n¨v hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw aäpw X§fpsS tPmenIÄ IrXyambn \nÀhln¨n«pt−msb¶v Dd¸p hcpt¯−XpamWv. (2) GsX¦nepw A\[nIrX It¿äw I−p]nSn¨m DS³Xs¶ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ `qkwc£W N«§fpsS A\p_Ô¯nepÅ "F' ^md¯ntem ""F.F'' ^md¯ntem Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n _Ôs¸« IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ It¿äw Is−¯nbtXm It¿äs¯¡pdn¨v X\n¡v Adnhp e`n¡p¶tXm Bb XobXnbn \n¶pw HcmgvNbv¡Iw IfÎÀ¡v C{]ImcapÅ Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v ssIamtd−XmWv. F¶m A\[nIrX It¿äw IfÎdpsS t\cn«pÅ ]cntim[\bnemWv Is−¯nbn«pÅsX¦n "F' ^md¯nepÅ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡−XnÃm¯XmWv. (3) `qan It¿ä¯nsâ kwKXnbn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«nt\msSm¸w `qan IrXyambn Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯n \nÝnX kvsIbnen X¿mdm¡nb Hcp t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v, It¿ä¯nsâ kz`mhw, It¿ä¯nsâ Imebfhv, {]kvXpX `qanbn ssIhi¡mc³ \S¯nbn«pÅ tZlÞhnhc§fpw AhbpsS aqeyhpw, kao] hkvXp¡fpambn _Ôs¸«v hkvXphnsâ InS¸v F¶nhbpÄs¸sS It¿äw \S¯nbn«pÅ `qanbpsS apgph³ hnhc§fpw AS§nb hniZamb Hcp alÊÀ F¶nhbpw DÄs¡mffnt¡−XmWv. dnt¸mÀ«v kvsI¨v, alkÀ F¶nhbn It¿ä `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w IrXyambn Af¶v \nÀ®bn¨v tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hnkvXoÀ®s¯ ]cmaÀin¡pt¼mÄ GItZiw, Dt±iw F¶o {]tbmK§Ä A\phZ\obaÃm¯XmWv. A\[nIrX {]thi\w \S¶ `qanbn ]cntim[\ \S¯n alkÀ X¿mdmt¡−Xv, kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm¯ Xt±iobcmb c−p km£nIfpsS km¶n²y¯nembncn¡Ww. "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«n `qanbpsS C\w tcJs¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ ]pdt¼m¡mtWm, AtXm ]pdt¼m¡Ãm¯ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXphmtWm F¶ hnhcw hyàambn tNÀ¯ncn¡Ww. (4) F¶m `qkwc£W \nba¯nse 6, 10 hIp¸pIÄ {]Imcw A\[nIrX It¿äw bYm{Iaw hne]nSn¸pÅ hkvXp¡Ä IS¯ns¡m−pt]mItem hr£§Ä \in¸n¡tem IS¯ns¡m−pt]mItem BIp¶ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ ""F.F'' ^md¯nepÅ dnt¸mÀ«mWv IfÎÀ¡v ssIamtd−Xv. ""F.F'' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«ns\m¸hpw t¹m«UvkvsI¨v, alkÀ F¶nh DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. a®v, NÃn, NcÂ, sh«pIÃv, Icn¦Ãv, Np®m¼pIÃv, hr£§Ä F¶nhbpsS AfhpIÄ sa{SnIv kn̯n tcJs¸Sp¯m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡−XmWv. hr£§sf kw_Ôn¨v C\w, s]m¡w, Npäph®w (Girth) F¶nh IqSmsX GItZi aqeyhpw dnt¸mÀ«n ]cmaÀin¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. hr£§tfm aäp hne]nSn¸pÅ hkvXp¡tfm kw`hØe¯p \n¶pw \o¡w sNbvXn«nÃm¯ ]£w hntÃPv Hm^okÀ DS³ Xs¶ Ah ssIhi¯nseSp¯v kÀ¡mÀ A[o\Xbntebv¡v amtä−Xpw kpc£nX ssIhi¯n\mbn hnizkvX\mb Hcmsf aq¶mw Øm\w G¸n¨v ssI¨o«v hmt§−XpamWv. ssIhi¯nseSp¯ hkvXphIIÄ IfÎdpsS D¯chn³ {]Imcw XoÀ¸pI¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 9. cPnÌdpIÄ, A¡u−pIÄ F¶nhbpsS ]cn]me\wþ (1) A\[nIrX It¿äw kw_Ôn¨ hnhcw "F' ^md¯ntem ""F.F'' ^md¯ntem dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXmepS³ CXv kw_Ôn¨ hniZ hnhc§Ä \nÝnX ^md¯nepÅ cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. em³Uv I¬kÀh³kn tIkv _p¡nMv cPnÌdnsâ amXrI A\p_Ôw Bbn tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. (2) A\[nIrX {]thi\§sf kw_Ôn¨ tIkpIÄ XoÀ¸p I¸n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w Xs¶ It¿ä¡mcn \n¶pw CuSmt¡− ]ng, \ã]cnlmcw, hr£hne F¶o hnhc§fpw IfIvSÀ hntÃPv Hm^oksd Adnbn¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. `qkwc£W \nba {]Imcw CuSmt¡−Xmb C¯cw XpIIÄ ....mw \¼À A¡u−n tNÀt¡−Xpw DS\Sn Ah ]ncns¨Spt¡−XpamWv. C¯cw XpIIÄ HSp¡p¶Xn It¿ä¡mc³ hngvNhcp¯pIbpw Ah IpSnÈnIbmhpIbpw sNbvXm Ah `q\nIpXn IpSnÈnIIÄ Xs¶sb¶Xn\m ImeXmakw IqSmsX 1968 se dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba{]ImcapÅ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨v CuSmt¡−XmWv.


10. t\m«okpIfpw D¯chpIfpw \S¯p¶Xv kw_Ôn¨vþ Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ GsX¦nepw t\m«otkm D¯cthm A\[nIrX It¿äw \S¯nb hyànt¡m AbmÄ/AhÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯nb hyànt¡m Asæn It¿äw \S¯nb hyànbpsS IpSpw_¯nse {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb HcwK¯nt\m \St¯−Xpw t\m«okv kzoIcn¡p¶ hyàn t\m«okv ssI¸änb hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m−v Ak t\m«okn H¸p hbvt¡−XpamWv. F¶m C¯c¯n t\m«okv \S¯m³ \nÀhmlanÃm¯ Ahkc¯n t\m«oknsâ ]IÀ¸v A§s\bpÅ hyàn km[mcW Xmakn¡p¶ hoSnsâ ]pdwhmXnentem A\[nIrX It¿äw \S¯nb `qanbnse s]s«¶p ImWmhp¶ Xc¯nepÅ `mKt¯m Xt±ihmknIfmb c−p km£nIfpsS km¶n²y¯n ]Xn¨p \S¯mhp¶XmWv. C¯cw Ahkc§fn Ak t\m«oknÂ, t\m«okv ]Xn¨v \St¯−nh¶ kmlNcyw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m−v ]Xn¨p \S¯nb hnhcw lmPcp−mbncp¶ XSkÀamscs¡m−v km£ys¸Spt¯−XpamWv. 11. Hgn¸n¡Â \S]SnIÄþ (1) It¿ä¡mcs\ Hgn¸n¡m³ IfÎdpsS D¯chv e`n¨mepS³ D¯chnse \nÀt±im\pkcWw {]thi\w Hgn¸n¨v c−p XSkdpsS km¶n²y¯n alkÀ X¿mdm¡n Øew kÀ¡mÀ A[o\XbnseSp¯v hnhcw dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mIp¶p. {]thi\w Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\v I£n Fs´¦nepw XÀ¡ap¶bn¡pItbm XSÊw krãn¡pItbm sNbvXm hnhcw DS³ IfÎÀ¡p dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−Xpw, IfÎdn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ \nÀt±ia\pkcn¨v XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mtÅ−XpamWv. Hgn¸n¡p¶ Øe¯v GsX¦nepw hnftbm, hr£§tfm D−mbncp¶m Hgn¸n¡pt¼mÄ X¿mdm¡p¶ alkdn AhbpsS ]qÀ® hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww.kw`hhØe¯v lmPcpÅ c−vt]scs¡m−pw {]thi\I£n Øe¯v lmPcps−¦n AbmÄ hnk½Xn¡m¯ ]£w Abmsfs¡m−pw alkÀ km£ys¸Sp¯m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²nt¡−XmWv. (2) B[nImcnIamb Fs´¦nepw \ntcm[\mÚ e`n¡m¯nSt¯mfw Imew Hgn¸n¡Â \S]Sn A¸o t_m[n¸n¡m\\phZn¨n«pÅ kabwhsc \nÀ¯nhbv¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. F¶m Hgn¸n¡Â \S]Sn XpS§p¶Xn\p ap¼v I£nbv¡v Hgnªp t]mIp¶Xn\pÅ t\m«okpw (t^mdwþkn/kn.kn) D¯chpw \S¯nbn«pt−msb¶pw Hgnªp t]mIm³ A\phZn¨n«pÅ Imemh[n Ignªn«pt−msb¶pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Dd¸v hcpt¯−XmWv. 12. aäp Nne `qanIÄ¡pw Cu \nbaw _m[IamsW¶vþ (1) XncpsIm¨n tZhkzw `qanIÄ¡pw kÀÆokv C\mw `qanIÄ¡pw `qkwc£W \nbaw _m[Iam¡nbn«pÅXn\m C¯cw `qanIfnse It¿äsamgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv. (XncpþsIm¨n lnµpaX Øm]\ \nbaw 27, 28(3), 50 F¶o hIp¸pIÄ ImWpI) (2) `qkwc£W \nbaw 3þmw hIp¸n\p IognepÅ hniZoIcWwþ1  ]cmaÀin¨n«pÅ {]Imcw hos−Sp¡s¸« `qanIÄ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fmbXn\m 1971 se I®³ tZh³ lnÂkv (`qan hos−Sp¡Â ) \nba {]Imcw (1971 se 5þmw \nbaw) kÀ¡mÀ hos−Sp¯n«pÅ `qanIfnse A\[nIrX It¿ä§Ä Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw Cu \nbaw _m[IamWv. C¯cw `qanIfnse A\[nIrX It¿ä§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v 1971 se I®³ tZh³ lnÂkv (`qan hos−Sp¡Â) \nba¯nse 11þmw hIp¸v {]ImcapÅ k½dn Fhn£³ \S]SnItfm `qkwc£W \nba {]ImcapÅ \S]SnItfm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv.

A²ymbwþ15

s\Âhb þ X®oÀ¯S kwc£Ww 1. Dt±iy e£y§Äþ (1) kwØm\s¯ ImÀjnI hfÀ¨ t{]mÕmln¸n¡pI, `£y kw`cWw Dd¸m¡pI, s\ÂhbepIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw kwc£n¡pI, Ah ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp ¯pIbpw cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv \nb{´n¡pI F¶o e£y§tfmsS 12.08.2008 {]_ey¯n \S¸nem¡nb \nbaamWv 2008 se 28þmw \nbaamb tIcfm s\ÂhbÂ


X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nbaw. 1967-se `qhn\ntbmK D¯chn 13 C\w `£yhnfIÄ Irjn sN¿p¶ `qanIsf kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIfmWp−mbncp¶Xv. F¶m Cu \nba¯nemIs« s\ÂhbepIsfbpw X®oÀ¯S§sfbpw kw_Ôn¨ hyhØIfmWpÅXv. 2. s\Âhbepw X®oÀ¯Shpwþ (1) kwØm\¯n\I¯p ØnXnsN¿p¶Xpw, hÀj¯n Hcp {]mhiysa¦nepw s\ÂIrjn sN¿p¶tXm Asæn s\ÂIrjn¡v A\ptbmPyambtXm Xcnin«ncn¡p¶tXm Bb \ne§fpw AhbpsS A\p_Ô \nÀ½nXnIfmb NndIfpw NmepIfpw Ipf§fpw ssIt¯mSpIfpsaÃmw s\ÂhbepIfmIp¶p. (2) X®oÀ¯Ssa¶m Pe\nc¸v D]cnXew hscbpÅtXm BgwIpdª Pe¯m aqSn¡nS¡p¶tXm sNdpXmbn Nen¡pItbm, sI«n¡nS¡pItbm sN¿p¶ Pe¯m ]qcnXamb Øetam F¶À°amIp¶p. ImbepIÄ, AgnapJ§Ä, NXp¸pIÄ, I−¡mSpIÄ F¶nh sbms¡ X®oÀ¯S§Ä¡v DZmlcW§fmWv. F¶m s\ÂhbepItfm, \ZnItfm X®oÀ¯S§fÃm ¯XpamIp¶p. 3.]cnhÀ¯\hpw cq]m´chpwþ (1) s\ÂIrjnsNbvXpsIm−ncp¶ Hcp Øetam AXnsâ A\p_Ô \nÀ½nXnItfm atäsX¦nepw Bhiy¯n\mbn D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶Xns\bmWv ]cnhÀ¯\w F¶Xp sIm−v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. (2) F¶m GsX¦nepw s\Âhbtem, X®oÀ¯Stam Bb {]tZiw km[mcW amÀ¤§fhew_n¨v ]qÀÆ ØnXnbn em¡m³ Ignbm¯hn[¯n B {]tZi¯nsâ LS\bv¡v Øncamb amäw hcp¯pI F¶ {]hr¯nsbbmWv cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â F¶v hnh£n¡p¶Xv. (3) Cu \nba¯nsâ {]m_ey XobXn apX GsX¦nepw s\Âhbensâ ssIhi¡mct\m DSatbm Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambÃmsX s\ÂhbepIÄ ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯pItbm cq]m´c s¸Sp¯pItbm sN¿m³ ]mSnsöv 3þmw hIp¸n hyhØ sNbvXncn¡p¶p. IqSmsX Cu \nba¯nsâ {]m_ey XobXn apX kwØm\s¯ X®oÀ¯S§Ä AtX AhØbn kwc£nt¡−Xpw GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ cq]m´c {]hÀ¯\§Ät¡m X®oÀ¯S§fn \n¶pw aW \o¡w sN¿p¶Xnt\m ]qÀ® \ntcm[\apÅXmbpw 11þmw hIp¸n hyhØ sNbvXncn¡p¶p. AXmbXv s\ÂhbepIÄ s]mXp Bhiy§Ät¡m, hoSphbv¡p¶ Bhiy¯nt\m Bbn hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambn cq]m´cs¸Sp¯mhp¶ XmWv. F¶m X®oÀ¯S§fn cq]m´c {]hr¯nIÄ¡v \nba¯n bmsXmcp hyhØbpanÃm ¯Xpw A¯cw {]hr¯nIÄ¡v ]qÀ® \ntcm[\apÅXp amWv. 4. tUäm _m¦pw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanbpwþ (1) Cu \nba¯nsâ {]m_eyXobXnapX s\ÂhbepItfm, X®oÀ¯S§tfm Bb FÃm `qanIfptSbpw kÀsÆ \¼À, hnkvXoÀ®w F¶n§s\bpÅ hniZhnhc§Ä AS§nb Hcp ]«nI X¿mdm¡n Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä aptJ\ hnÚm]\w sN¿p¶Xn\v \nba¯n hyhØsNbvXn«pÅXmWv. C§s\ {]kn²oIcn¡p¶ IcSv tUäm _m¦n Bhiyamb hyXymk§Ä hcp¯n A´na tUäm _m¦pw {]kn²oIcnt¡−Xp−v. C¯c¯n tUäm _m¦v X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pÅ NpaXe {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn¡mWpÅXv. (2) hntÃPv tcJIfn (ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ) s\Âhbemtbm, X®oÀ¯Samtbm tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«p ÅXpw F¶m tUäm _m¦n DÄs¸«n«nÃm¯Xpamb `qanIfmWv hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanIÄ. 5. {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXnþ (1) Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ \S¸m¡p¶Xn\mbn {Kma]©mb¯v/ap\nkn¸menänXe¯n Xt±i kzbw `cW Øm]\¯nsâ {]knUâv/sNbÀam³/tabÀ A²y£\mbpw Irjn Hm^okÀ I¬ho\dmbpw cq]oIcn¨n«pÅ kanXnbmWv {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn. {]kvXpX {]tZi¯v B[nImcnIXbpÅ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ/hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ, {]kvXpX {]tZis¯ s\ÂIrjn¡mcn \n¶pw \ma\nÀt±iw sN¿s¸Sp¶ aq¶v {]Xn\n[nIÄ F¶nhÀ kanXn AwK§fmbncn¡pw. (2) hyhØIÄ¡p hnt[bambn hoSphbv¡p¶ Bhiy¯n te¡mbn s\Âhb cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ iq]mÀi PnÃmXe A[nIrX kanXn¡p kaÀ¸n¡pI, s]mXp


Bhiy§Ä¡mbn s\ÂhbepIÄ cq]m´c s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ At]£Ifn At]£ e`n¨ XobXnbn \n¶pw Hcp amk¯n\Iw kwØm\Xe kanXn¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pI, s\ÂhbepIÄ kµÀin¡pIbpw \nbahncp² {]hÀ¯\§Ä {i²bn s¸«m dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pI. Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡p hncp²amb {]hr¯nIÄ kw_Ôn¨ s]mXpP\§fpsS ]cmXnIÄ ]cntim[n¨v \nbaewL\ {]hÀ¯\§Ä XSbp¶Xn\v DNnXamb \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅpI, Xcnin«ncn¡p¶ s\ÂhbepIfn AhbpsS DSaØscs¡m−v Irjn sN¿p¶Xn\v \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pI F¶nhbmWv {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXnbpsS apJy NpaXeIÄ. (3) {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn¡v BhiyapÅt¸msgm s¡ tbmKw tNcmhp¶Xpw tbmKØew FÃmbv-t¸mgpw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\ Imcymebambncn¡p¶Xpw tbmKkabw A²y£³ Xocpam\n¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. tbmKw tNcp¶Xn\v Gähpw IpdªXv aq¶v AwK§Ä lmPcmbncn¡Ww. tbmK¯nsâ an\nSvkv X¿mdmt¡− NpaXe, kanXn {]hÀ¯\§Ä GtIm]n¸n¡pI F¶nh I¬ho\dpsS NpaXeIfmWv. (4) hoSphbv¡p¶Xnt\m s]mXp Bhiy¯nt\m s\ÂhbepIÄ cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ At]£IÄ (bYm{Iaw t^mdw I, II epÅ At]£IÄ) kzoIcnt¡−Xv Irjn Hm^okdmWv. C¯c¯nepÅ At]£IÄ hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kzoIcn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. IqSmsX X®oÀ¯S§Ä cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v A\paXn Bhiys¸«p kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£IÄ ]cnKW\mÀlasöXv {]tXyIw {i²nt¡−XmWv. 6. s\ÂhbepIÄ cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ At]£IÄþ (1) hoSp \nÀ½mW¯n\v t^mdw -I epw s]mXp Bhiy¯n\v t^mdw þII epw DÅ At]£IÄ kzoIcnt¡−Xv Irjn Hm^okdmWv. hoSv hbv¡p¶ Bhiy¯ntebv¡mbn {Kma]©mb¯v {]tZi§fn ]¯p skâpw ap\nkn¸menän/tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fn 5 skâpw s\Âhb cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ At]£bnt·epÅ dnt¸mÀ«v 60 Znhk¯n\pÅn PnÃmXe A[nIrX kanXn¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn _m[yØamWv. (2) hoSphbv¡p¶Xn\pÅ Bhiy¯n\mbn s\Âhb cq]m´cs¸Spt¯−n hcp¶ Ahkc§fn A¯cw cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â ]mcnØnXnI hyhØsbtbm tNÀ¶pÅ s\ÂIrjnsbtbm _m[n¡pIbnÃ, At]£It\m IpSpw_¯nt\m Krlw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xn\p ]cym]vXamb `qan {]kvXpX PnÃbn HcnS¯pw CÃm¯ XmWv, cq]m´cs¸Sp¯m\pt±in¡p¶ `qan aäp s\ÂhbepIfm Npäs¸«XÃ, At]£Isâ kz´w Bhiy¯n\mbmWv hoSv \nÀ½n¡p¶Xv F¶o hkvXpXIÄ Dd¸phcp¯nbmIWw {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv. CXnte¡mbn kanXnbwK§Ä kwbpàambn Øe]cntim[\ \S¯nbncn¡Ww. `qan Xncn¨dnbm³ klmbn¡pI, `q kw_Ôamb X−t¸À IW¡v, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ F¶n tcJIfpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ \ÂIpI, At]£Isâbpw IpSpw_mwK§fptSbpw t]cnepÅ PnÃbnse aäp `qanIfpsS hnhcw tiJcn¨p \ÂIpI F¶nhbmWv kanXnbwKw F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS IÀ¯hy§Ä. (3) s]mXp Bhiy¯n\mbn s\Âhb cq]m´cs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\mbn e`n¨ At]£Ifnt·Â {]mtZinI Xe kanXn 30 Znhk¯n\Iw dnt¸mÀ«v kwØm\Xe kanXn¡v kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡Ww. CXnte¡mbn kwbpà Øe]cntim[\ \St¯−Xpw {]kvXpX `qanbpsS cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â tNÀ¶pÅ `qanIfnse s\ÂIrjnsb F§s\ _m[n¡pw, tNÀ¶pÅ s\ÂhbepIfnte¡pÅ \oscmgp¡v Dd¸phcp¯m³ kzoIcnt¡− A\ptbmPyamb Pe kwc£W \S]SnIÄ, Pekwc£W \S]SnIÄ BhiyapÅ]£w AXn\mbn \o¡n hbv¡p¶ {]tZi¯nsâ hnhc§Ä F¶nh kw_Ôamb hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡−Xpap−v. kÀ¡mÀ, AÀ² kÀ¡mÀ, Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä, \nba{]Imcw cq]oIrXamb s]mXp Øm]\§Ä F¶nh, kÀ¡mÀ t\cn«v \S¯p¶tXm km¼¯nI klmbw sN¿p¶tXm Bb ]²XnIÄ, t{]mPÎpIÄ F¶nhbmWv "s]mXp Bhiyw" F¶XpsIm−À°am¡p¶Xv. 7. dnt¸mÀ«nMv Hm^okÀ-þ (1) s\ÂhbepIsf kw_Ôn¨ \nbaewL\ {]hÀ¯\ §Ä dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pI, s\ÂhbepIÄ Xcnin«n«pÅ]£w {]kvXpX hnhcw {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXnsb Adnbn¡pI F¶nh Irjn Hm^okdpsS


NpaXeIfmWv. F¶m X®oÀ¯S §sf kw_Ôn¨ FÃm \nbaewL\ {]hÀ¯nIsf kw_Ôn¨papÅ hnhcw kanXnsbbpw dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^oksdbpw bYmkabw Adnbnt¡−Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. 8. A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKسþ Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ NpaXeIÄ \ndthäp¶Xn\mbn hntÃPv Hm^oksd A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKØ\mbn kÀ¡mÀ \ntbmKn¨n«pÅXmWv. A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس F¶ \nebn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v Cu \nba{]Imcw Btcm]n¡s¸« Ipä¯nt·Â ]cntim[\tbm At\zjWtam \S¯p¶Xn\v Bhiyamb k¶mlt¯msS GXp ]cnkc¯pw, Øe¯pw {]thin¡pI, Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡p hncp²amb {]hr¯nIÄ \nÀ¯nhbv¡m³ GsXmcmtfmSpw Bhiys¸SpI, Bhiysa¶p IcpXp¶ GsXmcp hnhchpw e`yam¡m³ GsXmcmtfmSpw Bhiys¸SpI Cu \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ¡v hncp²ambn D]tbmKn¨tXm, D]tbmKn¡m³ Dt±in¨n«pÅtXm Bb GsX¦nepw hml\§tfm D]IcW§tfm Asæn s\Âhben \nt¶m X®oÀ¯S¯n \nt¶m \o¡w sNbvXtXm \nI¯m³ D]tbmKn¨tXm Bb Ifna®v, aWÂ, a®v apXembh ]nSns¨Sp¡pI, Ipäw sNbvXp F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ sXfnhp tiJcWmÀ°w t^mt«m{Km^pIÄ FSp¡pItbm {]Xnsb t{]mknIyq«v sN¿p¶Xn\mbn No^v PpUojy aPnkvt{Säv ap¼msI Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pItbm sN¿pI F¶o \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅmhp¶XmWv. 9. hml\§fpw aäpw ]nSns¨Sp¯mepÅ \S]Sn{Iawþ (1) \nbahncp²amb {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v D]tbmKn¨ hml\§Ä, D]IcW§Ä, \o¡w sNbvXtXm, \nI¯m\p] tbmKn¨tXm Bb a®v, aWÂ, Ifna®v XpS§nbh A[o\XbnseSp¡p¶Xn\v (Seizure) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v A[nImcapÅXmWv. C¯c¯n GsX¦nepw hkvXphIIÄ A[o\XbnseSp¡p¶ Ahkc¯n {]tZihmknIfpw kÀ¡mÀ Poh\¡mcÃm¯hcpamb c−v XSÊdpsS km¶n²y¯n Hcp alkÀ X¿mdmt¡−Xpw alkdnsâ ]IÀ¸v, ]nSns¨Sp¯ km[\ kma{KnIÄ FhnsS kq£n¡p¶p F¶ hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯nsIm−v IpäIrXy¯nteÀs¸« hyàn¡v ssIamtd−XpamWv. (2) ]nSns¨Sp¯ km[\ kma{KnIÄ aq¶mw Øm\w G¸n¨psImSp¡pItbm t]meokv tÌj\nte¡v amäpItbm sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. C¯c¯n km[\ kma{KnIÄ ssIhi¯nseSp¯m CXp kw_Ôamb hniZ hnhc§fS§nb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v alkÀ ]IÀ¸p klnXw 48 aWn¡qdn\Iw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡p kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. ssIhi¯nseSp¯ hkvXpXIsf kw_Ôn¨v PnÃm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\p kcWapÅ XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡−XmWv. 10. Xcnin«ncn¡p¶ s\ÂhbepIfn IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\pÅ hyhØþ (1) Xcnin«ncn¡p¶Xmbn Irjn Hm^okÀ dnt¸mÀ«v sNbvXn«pÅ s\ÂhbepIfpsS A\p`h¡mtcmSv AbmÄ t\cnt«m aämsc¦nepw aptJ\tbm s\ÂIrjn sN¿p¶Xn\v \nÀt±iw \ÂIp¶Xn\v {]mtZinIXe \nco£W kanXn¡v A[nImcap−v. C¯c¯nepÅ \nÀt±iw \ÂInbm ]Xn\©p Znhk§Ä¡Iw adp]Sn \ÂIm³ s\Âhbensâ A\p`h¡mc³ _m[yØ\mWv. A\paXn e`n¡p¶]£w IrjnbhImiw kw_Ôn¨ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡m³ Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\t¯mSv \nÀt±int¡−Xpw F¶m A\paXn \ntj[n¡s¸Sp¶]£w {]kvXpX hnhcw kanXn dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−XpamWv. 11. hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanbpsS kz`mh hyXnbm\wþ (1) hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯Xpw ]camh[n 4.04 BÀ hnkvXrXnbpÅXpamb `qanbn 120 NXpc{iaoäÀ hokvXoÀ®apÅ hmkKrlw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnt\m, ]camh[n 2.02 BÀ hnkvXrXnbnepÅ `qanbn 40 NXpc{iaoäÀ hokvXoÀ®apÅ Hcp hmWnPy sI«nSw \nÀ½n¡p¶Xnt\m Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ bmsXmc\paXnbpw BhiyanÃm¯ XmWv. (2) hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸Sm¯ `qanIÄ hoSphbv¡p¶ Bhiy¯nt\m hmWnPymhiy§Ät¡m cq]m´cs¸Sp ¯p¶Xn\v `qanbpsS DSaس dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡p kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£bnt·Â hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m[yØ \mWv. CXnte¡mbn Øe ]cntim[\ \S¯n alkÀ


X¿mdmt¡−Xpw ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯m\pt±in¡p¶ `qan, Pekwc£W \S]SnIÄ BhiyapÅ]£w AXn\mbn \o¡nhbv¡p¶ `qan, F¶nh {]tXyIambn ASbmfs¸Sp¯n X¿mdm¡nb Hcp t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v X¿mdmt¡−XpamWv. kao]¯v s\ÂhbepIÄ DÅ]£w Pekwc£W \S]SnIÄ kw_Ôn¨ hyàamb ip]mÀiIÄ dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¡mÅnt¡− XmWv. {]kvXpX `qanbpsS \ymbhne F{XbmsW¶ hnhcw dnt¸mÀ«n tNÀt¡ −Xpw dnt¸mÀ«ns\m¸w X−t¸À IW¡v, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnse {]kà `mK¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v, alkÀ F¶nh DffS¡w sNt¿−XpamWv.

A²ymbwþ14

`qhn\ntbmK D¯chv 1. Irjn `qanIfpsSbpw s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S§fpsSbpw kwc£W¯n\mbn kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ bYm{Iaw 04.07.1967 XobXn {]m_ey¯n tIcf `q hn\ntbmK D¯chpw 12.08.2008 XobXn {]m_ey¯n tIcfm s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nbahpw \S¸nem¡pIbp−mbn. Sn c−v Ìmäyq«pIfptSbpw Dt±iy e£y§Ä XnI¨pw hn`n¶§fmWv. `t£ymXv]mZ\w hÀ²n¸n¡pI, kwØm\s¯ hnhn[§fmb Irjn`qanIfpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw cq]m´cs¸Sp¶tXm ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¶tXm XSbpI hgn ]mcnØnXnI, Bhmk hyhØIÄ¡v tIm«w X«msX kwc£n¡pI F¶o NpaXeIfmWv ChbneqsS dh\yq A[nImcnIfn \n£n]vXambn«pÅXv. 2. `qhn\ntbmK D¯chnsâ Dt±iyw þ `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\v D]bpàamb `qanIfn \nÀ±nãhnfIÄ Irjn sN¿m³ `qhpSaIsf \nÀ_ÔnXcm¡pI, Xcniv `qanIfnse IrjnbhImiw teew sNbvXv hn¡pI, Irjn`qanIÄ XcninSmsXbncn¡p¶p F¶pd¸phcp¯pI, Irjn`qanIÄ A\paXn IqSmsX ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯p¶Xv XSbpI F¶nhbmWv Cu D¯chnsâ {][m\ Dt±iy§Ä. 3. ]cnhÀ¯\wþ \nÀ®bn¡s¸«n«pÅ `£yhnfIÄ Irjn sNbvXphcp¶ `qanbn atäsX¦nepw `£yhnfIÄ Irjn sN¿pItbm Asæn A¯cw `qanIÄ atäsX¦nepw Bhiy¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xns\bmWv ]cnhÀ¯\w (Conversion) F¶XpsIm−v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. 4. `£yhnfIÄþ Cu D¯chnse Bhiy¯nte¡mbn s\Ãv, aÕyw, Icn¼v, ]¨¡dnIÄ, ac¨o\n(I¸), Im¨nÂ, tXbne, Im¸n, Gew, IpcpapfIv, \ne¡Se, sImt¡m, t\{´hmg F¶nhsb `£yhnfIfmbn \nÀ®bn¨n«pÅXmWv. 5. ]cnhÀ¯\¯n\pÅ \nb{´Wwþ (1) Cu D¯chp \nehn h¶ XobXn¡p sXm«p ap¼pÅ 3 hÀjtam AXn\p tijapÅ GsX¦nepw Imebfhn XpSÀ¨bmb 3 hÀjtam GsX¦nepw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsNbvXph¶ncp¶ ]£w, {]kvXpX Irjn`qanbpsS DSa PnÃm IfÎdpsStbm, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okdpsStbm tcJmaqeapÅ Hcp A\paXn ]{Xw IqSmsX A¯c¯nepÅ `qanIÄ ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. F¶m Gew IrjnsN¿p¶ `qan HgnsIbpÅ aäp Irjn`qanIÄ s\ÂIrjn sN¿p¶Xnt\m, kokWembn aÕyIrjn sN¿p¶Xnt\m D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\v C¯c¯n ]cnhÀ¯\m\paXn BhiyanÃm¯XmWv. (2) s\ÂhbepIÄ am{Xaà Cu D¯chp {]ImcapÅ Irjn`qanIÄ F¶Xv {it²bamWv. \nÀ®bn¡ s¸«n«pÅ `£yhnfIÄ IrjnsNbvXphcp¶tXm, sNbvXncp¶tXm Bb FÃm¯cw `qanIfpw Cu D¯chnsâ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn Irjn`qanIfmbn ]cnKWn¡s¸Sp¶Xmbncn¡pw. (3) 2008-se tIcfm s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯nsâ {]m_ey XobXn apX {]kvXpX \nba{]Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸«tXm sN¿s¸Sm¯ tXm Bb FÃm s\ÂhbepIsf kw_Ôn¨pw 1967þse `qhn\ntbmK D¯chv _m[IaÃm¯Xpw s\Âhbep


Ifpambn _Ôs¸« ]cnhÀ¯\tam cq]m´ctam DÄs¸sSbpÅ FÃm \S]SnIfpw 2008þse tIcfm s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ _m[Iambncn¡p¶XpamWv. 6. hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS NpaXeIÄ-þ (1) Cu D¯chp {]ImcapÅ GsX¦nepw Irjn`qan D]tbmK{]Zambn hn\ntbmKn¡p¶Xnt\m Cu D¯chn\p hncp²ambn GsX¦nepw Irjn`qanIÄ ]cnhÀ¯\ s¸Sp¯p¶Xp {i²bnÂs¸«m BbXv XSbp¶Xnt\m th−n C¯cw hnhc§Ä bYmkabw XlkoZmÀ¡p dnt¸mÀ«p sN¿m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv. (2) A\[nIrX ]cnhÀ¯\w {i²bnÂs¸«mepS³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Irjn`qan kµÀint¡−Xpw ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp ¯Â \nÀ¯nhbvt¡−XpamWv. IqSmsX A\[nIrX ]cnhÀ¯\w kw_Ôn¨v {]tZihmknIfmb c−v XSÊdpsS km¶n²y¯n Irjn`qanbn {]thin¨v Hcp alkÀ X¿mdmt¡−Xpw BbXns\m¸w X−t¸À ]IÀ¸v, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnsâ {]kà `mK¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v F¶nh klnXw XlkoÂZmÀ aptJ\ dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. (3) `qhn\ntbmK D¯chv _m[Iamb Irjn`qanIfpsS DSaØÀ¡v hoSphbv¡p¶Xn\mbn 5 skâv `qanhsc ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v A\paXn \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C¯c¯n ]cnhÀ¯\m\paXn tXSnbpÅ At]£Ifn Irjn`qansb kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä, At]£I\pw IpSpw_¯n\pw ssIhiapÅ aäp `qanIfpsS hniZhnhc§Ä F¶nhbpÄs¡mÅp¶ dnt¸mÀ«v hyàamb ip]mÀi klnXw XlkoÂZmÀ aptJ\ dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡phm\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. F¶m s\ÂhbepIsf kw_Ôn¨v C¯c¯n ]cnhÀ¯\m\paXn tXSnbpÅ At]£Ifn 2008þse tIcf s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba{]ImcapÅ \S]SnIfmWv ssIs¡mtÅ−Xv. (4) Cu D¯chp {]ImcapÅ FÃm t\m«okpIfpw D¯chpIfpw bYmhn[n \S¯pI, {]kn²s¸Sp¯pI F¶nh hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS NpaXeIfmWv. IqSmsX Irjn `qanbnse IrjnbhImiw teew sN¿p¶ Ahkc¯n tee \S]SnIfn IfÎdpsS (dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ) \nÀt±im\pkcWw {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p.

`mKwþ V `qanþ AhImihpw ssIamähpw A²ymbwþ15

`qan]Xnhv 1. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\bpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\bpw kw_Ôn¨v kwØm\sam«msI hnhn[Xcw N«§Ä C¶p \nehnep−v. Ahbn {][m\s¸«h Xmsg ]dbp¶hbmWv. (1) 1947-se Ip¯I¸m«w dqÄkv (2) I−pIrjn `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨n«pff 1958þse N«§Ä (3) dºÀ Irjn¡pth−n kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨n«pff 1960þse N«§Ä (4) Gew Irjn sN¿p¶Xn\pth−n kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨n«pff 1961þse N«§Ä. (5) 1962-se `qZm³ Assk³saâv N«§Ä (6) ]pIbne Irjn sN¿m³ kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\p th−nbpff 1963þse N«§Ä (7) IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIsf A[nhkn¸n¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\pth−nbpÅ 1963þse N«§Ä.


8) 1964 se tIcf `qan ]Xnhp N«§Ä. 9) hyhkmbnImhiy§Ä¡v kÀ¡mÀ`qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\p th−nbpÅ 1964 se N«§Ä. 10) kÀ¡mÀ B^okpIfpw sI«nS§fpw ØnXnsN¿p¶ ]pcbnShpw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ 1967 se N«§Ä. 11) 1968 se ssltd©v tImfssWtkj³ k-vIow N«§Ä. 12) 1969 se hb\mSv tImfssWtkj³ k-vIow N«§Ä. 13) Irjn¡p]bpàamb kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\p th−nbpÅ 1970 se N«§Ä. 14) skänÂsaâv k-vIow A\pkcn¨v ]«bw \ÂIp¶Xn\p th−nbmWv 1970 se N«§Ä 15) 1971 se tImþHm¸tdäohv tImfssWtkj³ k-vIow N«§Ä. 16) 1974 se \n£n]vX h\`qan ]Xn¨p tImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ N«§Ä. 17. 1.1.1977 \p ap¼pff h\`qan IpSntbäw {Ias¸Sp¯Â {]tXyI N«§Ä, 1993 18. 1995 se ap\nkn¸Â / tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan]Xnhv N«§Ä 2. taep²cn¨ hnhn[ Xcw N«§Ä C¶pw \nehneps−¦nepw ]©mb¯v {]tZi§fn 1964 se `qan ]Xnhp N«§f\pkcn¨pw ap\nkn¸Â, tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fn 1995 se ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨pamWv IqSpX `qanbpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xv. 3. Icw ]Xnbm¯Xpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶Xpamb kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan AÀlXbpÅhÀ¡v ]Xn¨p sImSpt¡−Xpw A¯cw ]Xnhp `qanbn Icw Npa¯n kÀ¡mcntebv¡v apXÂIqt«−Xpw dh\yq DtZymKØcpsS apJy NpaXebmIp¶p. 1964 se tIcf `qan ]Xnhp N«§fnse {][m\s¸« \n_Ô\Isf¡pdn¨pw `qan ]Xnhp tPmenbn hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ A\phÀ¯nt¡− \S]SnIsf¡pdn¨pw am{XamWv Cu A²ymb¯n {]Xn]mZn¡p¶Xv. 4. `qan ]XnhptPmen XzcnXs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v Hmtcm hntÃPnepw ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\v A\ptbmPyambXpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶Xpamb kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsS Hcp enÌv X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−XmWv. Cu enÌn DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ GsX¦nepw `qan ]n¡me¯v GsX¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ät¡m s]mXp Bhiy§Ät¡m th−n kwhcWw sNt¿−nh¶m B `qan enÌn \n¶pw \o¡w sNbvXpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡phm³ A\ptbmPyamb ]pXnb `qan enÌn Iq«nt¨À¯pw {]kvXpX enÌv Gähpw \ho\amb coXnbn kq£nt¡−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 5. kz´w Irjn Bhiy¯nt\m `h\ \nÀ½mW¯nt\m Ab `qanbpsS KpWIcamb A\p`h¯nt\m (s_\n^njy F³tPmbvsaâv) th−n ]©mb¯v {]tZi§fn 1964se N«§Ä {]Imchpw `h\\nÀ½mWw, I¨hS Øew Asæn aäp hmWnPy]ctam [À½]ctam Bb Imcy§Ä¡p th−n ap\nkn¸Â tImÀ¸tdj³ Gcnbbn 1995 se N«§Ä {]Imchpw kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy¯n\pw s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡pw th−n kwhcWw sNbvXn«pÅ kÀ¡mÀ `qan bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw ]Xn¨psImSp¡phm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. GsXÃmw Xc¯nepÅ `qanbmWv s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡pth−nbpw kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pth−nbpw kwhcWw sNt¿−sX¶v 1964 se `qan ]Xnhp N«¯nsâ N«w 11(2)epw 1995 N«¯nsâ N«w 6(2)epw hnhcn¨n«p−v. 6. ssIhi`qansb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw \S¸p]m«ambmepw, Imemh[n Ignª ]m«ambmepw, Bt£]clnXamb It¿äambmepw 1þ8þ1971 \v ap¼v ssIhiw e`n¨ Hcp hyànbv¡v `qan ]Xnhn\p ap³KW\ \ÂtI−XmWv. F¶m It¿ä¡mc\p DSaØmhImiamtbm, Øncw \S¸hImiamtbm ssIhiapÅ `qan \nÀ±nã ]cn[nbv¡p Xmsgtbm ssIhi`qanbn \n¶pw HgnsI _m¡n FÃm amÀ¤§fneqsSbpw AbmfpsS IpSpw_¯n\p e`n¡p¶ hmÀjnI hcpam\w Hcp e£w cq]bn Xmsgtbm Bbncn¡Ww. ssIhianÃm¯ `qansb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw DSaØmhImiw Øncw \S¸mhImiamtbm kz´w `qanbnÃm¯hcpw kz´w IpSpw_¯nsâ hmÀjn hcpam\w Hcpe£w cq]bn Ihnbm¯hcpamb At]£IÀ¡v ap³KW\ \ÂIp¶XmWv. ssIhianÃm¯ `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡pt¼mÄ Ccp]¯©p iXam\w ]«nIPmXnþ]«nIhÀ¤¡mÀ¡pw ]¯p iXam\w hnapà `S·mÀ¡pw th−n


kwhcWw sNt¿−XmWv. `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡phm³ \ÂtI−p¶XmÀs¡ÃmamsW¶p 7þmw N«¯n hnhcn¨n«p−v.

ap³KW\

7. Hmtcm IpSpw_¯n\pw ]camh[n ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯n\p Xmsg ]dbpw {]Imcw ]cn[n \nÝbn¨n«p−v. Irjn¡pth−n: kaXe {]tZi§fn Ip¶n³{]tZi§fn (F)

ssIhianÃm¯ `qan

aqt¶¡À ]p© \new (_n)

kz´w tZlÞanÃm¯ ssIhi`qan

]p© \new (kn)

kz´w tZlÞapÅ ssIhi`qan

Htc¡À (40.47 BÀ) \©\netam (]pcbnStam) ]p© \netam (hbtem)

Htc¡À \©\new Asæn (1.2141 slÎÀ)

Htc¡À (40.47 BÀ) Htc¡À \©\new \©\netam Asæn aqt¶¡À (]pcbnStam) ]p© \netam (1.2141 slÎÀ) (hbtem) ct−¡À (80.94 BÀ) \©tbm ]p©tbm

ct−¡À \©\new Asæn \mte¡À (1.6188

slÎÀ) ]p© \new (GsXÃmw Xmeq¡pIfnsebpw hntÃPpIfnsebpw `qanbmWv Ip¶n³]pdambn IcptX−sX¶v `qan ]Xnhp N«§fnse 5(2)-mw N«w t\m¡n a\Ênem¡pI) 2) `h\ \nÀ½mW¯n\pth−n 15 skâv 3) Ab hkvXphnsâ KpWIcamb A\p`h¯n\pth−n 15 skâv

1995 se ap\nkn¸Â/tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan]Xnhv N«§Ä

1)

2)

`h\ \nÀ½mW¯n\mbn F) ap³kn¸Â {]tZk§fn _n) tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnÂ

10 skâv. 5 skâv

kao] Øe§fmb ]Xnhp `qanIfpsS {]tbmP\{]Zamb A\p`hhmImiw F) ap³kn¸Â {]tZi§fn 5 skâv _n) tIÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fn 3 skâv

8. At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯n\v DSaØmhImiapÅ GsX¦nepw kz´w `qantbm Øncw \S¸hImiapÅ ssIhi`qantbm DÅ ]£w ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶ `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w taep²cn¨ ]cn[n A[nIcn¡mXncn¡phm³ th−n B\p]mXnIambn ]cnanXs¸Spt¯−XmWv. Hcp IpSpw_¯n\v ]camh[n ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w \nPs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th−n {]kvXpX IpSpw_¯nse Xeh\pw Hmtcm IpSpw_mwK¯n\pw kz´ambpw Iq«mbpw DSaØmhImitam Øncw \S¸hImitam DÅ sam¯w `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w IW¡nseSp¡Ww. CXntebv¡pth−n At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯nse AwK§Ä¡v Iq«mtbm kz´amtbm ]Xn¨psImSp¯n«pÅ `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®hpw IW¡nseSpt¡−Xp−v. IpSpw_mwK§Ä¡v hyàn]camtbm Iq«mtbm


]Xn¨psImSp¯n«pÅ `qan B IpSpw_¯n\p sam¯ambn ]Xn¨p sImSp¯Xmbpw IpSpw_¯nse GsX¦nepw HcwKw A\[nIrXambn It¿dn ssIhiwsh¨pt]mcp¶ `qan IpSpw_¯nsâ sam¯w ssIhi`qanbmbpw IcptX−XmIp¶p. 9. At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯n\p ssIhiapÅ `qan taep²cn¨ ]cn[nbn Ihnbp¶Xmbmepw A{]Imcw an¨apÅ `qan It¼mfhne CuSm¡nbtijw {]kvXpX IpSpw_¯n\v ]Xn¨p sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m IpSpw_¯n\v ]m«amtbm \S¸mhImiamtbm ssIhiapÅ `qanbpsSbpw ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶ `qanbpsSbpw hnkvXoÀ®w Iq«nt¨À¯m `q]cnjv¡cW \nba¯n hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅ `q]cn[nbn A[nIcn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 10. `qan ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨v ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶ `qan ]mc¼cy hnt[bhpw (slcn«_nÄ) A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpw (Fen\_nÄ) BIp¶p. F¶m ssIhianÃm¯ `qanbmWv ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶sX¦n B `qan Ccp]¯©v hÀjt¯bv¡v A\ym[n\s¸Sp¯phm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 1995 se ap³kn¸Â/tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan ]Xnhp N«§Ä {]Imcw ]Xn¨p \ÂIp¶ `qan 12 hÀjt¯bv¡v A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. ]s£ ImÀjnI hmbv] e`n¡p¶Xn\pth−n `qan kÀ¡mcntebvt¡m klIcW Øm]\§fntebvt¡m dºÀ t_mÀUntebvt¡m, äo t_mÀUntebvt¡m ]Wbs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmIp¶p. 1964 se tIcf `qan ]Xnhv N«w 8(3) epw 1995 se ap\nkn¸Â/tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan ]Xnhv N«w 17 epw - hnhcn¨n«pÅ kmlNcy§fn ]Xnhv d±v sN¿m³ kÀ¡mcn\[nImcap−v. ]«bw \ÂIp¶Xn\p ap¼mbn At]£Icn \n¶pw Xmsg ]dbp¶ \nc¡n Xdhne, XSnhne, kÀsh NmÀPv. UnamÀt¡j³ NmÀPv, Ic¡pSnÈnI F¶nh CuSmt¡−XmWv. (1)

(2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Xdhne ]pcbnSw (Ic`qan) G¡sdm¶n\v 1000 cq] \© \new (\new) ' 1000 cq] Xcnip`qan ' 200 cq] kÀsh NmÀPv (kÀsÆ hIp¸mWv IW¡m¡p¶Xv) Htc¡dnt\m AXnsâ Awi¯nt\m 5 cq] hnkvXnÀ®w 50 skân\p Xmsgbmbm 3 cq] UnamÀt¡j³ NmÀPv kÀsh¡Ãv H¶n\v (kÀsh hIp¸mWv IW¡m¡p¶Xv) Ic¡pSnÈnI: ssIhiImet¯bv¡pÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn tkmbn IWkÀthj³ NmÀPnsâ B\p]mXnIamb Hmlcn XSnhne: kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn \nÝbn¡p¶ \nc¡v

11. tX¡v, Cu«n, F_Wn, Nµ\w, F¶o hr£§Ä ]mIambXmsW¦n It¼mfhne CuSm¡nb tijw At]£I\v ]Xn¨psImSp¡pItbm tee¯n hn¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XmWv. ]mIamIm¯ hr£amsW¦n Ah ]mIamIp¶Xphsc kwc£nt¡−XmWv. Ab `qanbpsS KpWIcamb A\p`h¯n\pth−n `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡pt¼mÄ `qanbv¡v It¼mfhne CuSmt¡−XmWv. ]«nIPmXn ]«nIhÀ¤¡mÀ Xdhnebpw kÀsh NmÀPpIfpw Ic¡pSnÈnIbpw HSpt¡−XnÃ. F¶m XSnhne HSpt¡−XmWv. `qan ]Xnhn\p th−nbpÅ At]£IÄ \nÀ±nã ^md¯n A©p cq] tImÀ«p^okv ap{ZklnXw XlkoÂZmÀt¡m `qan ]Xnhn\pth−n hntijm \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ kvs]jy XlknÂZmÀt¡m t_m[n¸nt¡−XmWv. ]«nIPmXn ]«nIhÀ¤¡mcpsSbpw ]«mf¯n tkh\w A\pjvTn¡p¶hcpsSbpw At]£Ifn tImSXnap{Z ]Xnt¡−XnÃ. 12. At]£ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ IpSpw_¯n\v `qan ]Xn¨pIn«p¶Xn\pÅ AÀlXbpsS am\ZÞw B IpSpw_¯nsâ hmÀjnI hcpam\hpw ssIhi `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®hpambXn\m Cu c−p hnhc§fpw At]£bn hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pt−m F¶pw, At]£, I£n At]£bnepw At]£tbmsSm¸apÅ hcpam\s¯ ImWn¡p¶ {]Jym]\¯nepw Is¿m¸p tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pt−m F¶pw ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv. \yq\XbpÅ At]£ sXäpIÄ Xncp¯p¶Xn\pth−n DS³Xs¶ I£nbv¡v aSt¡−XpamIp¶p. At]£ {Ia¯nemsW¶p t_m²yambm AXv dnt¸mÀ«n\pth−n _Ôs¸« hntÃPm^okÀ¡v


Ab¨psImSpt¡−XmWv. Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw \nÀ±nã ^md¯n Hcp cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡−Xpw dnt¸mÀ«n\pth−n Xmeq¡m^okn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ `qan ]Xnhn\pth−nbpÅ At]£IÄ Ah In«p¶ apdbv¡v {]kvXpX cPnÌdn tNÀt¡−XpamIp¶p. At]£bn tcs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hnhc§sf¡pdn¨v hniZamb At\zjW§Ä \S¯n At]£ hntÃPm^okn e`n¡p¶ Znhkw apX 15 Znhk¯n\Iw dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ aptJ\ XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v hntÃPm^okÀ _m²yØ\mIp¶p. 13. hntÃPm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«n (1) ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xn\p]bpàamb `qanbpsS e`yX, (2) `qan ]Xn¨pIn«p¶Xn\pth−nbpÅ At]£mI£nbpsS tbmKyX, (3) ssIhi`qanbmsW¦n ssIhi¯nsâ kz`mhw, Imebfhv (4) ssIhi¡mcsâ tZlÞ§Ä F¶nhsb¡pdn¨v hniZamb hnhc§Ä AS§nbncn¡Ww. IqSmsX At]£bn ImWn¨n«pÅ FÃm hnhc§fpw kXyamtWm F¶pw dnt¸mÀ«n tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. hntÃPm^okÀ ]Xnhn\mkv]Zamb `qanbpsS Hcp kvsI¨pw (kuIcyamb tXmXnÂ) k_vUnhnj³ tÌävsaâpw alÊdpw IqSn X¿mdmt¡−XmWv. At]£ I£nbpsS hcpam\w, ssIhi`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w F¶nhbpsS \nPØnXn Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\pth−n hntÃPm^okÀ I£nbn \n¶pw Hcp tÌävsaâv hm§pItbm I£nbpsS samgn tcJs¸Sp¯pItbm sNt¿−XmWv. ]Xnhn\mkv]Zamb `qan `qkwc£W \nbaa\pkcn¨pff GsX¦nepw tIkntem ap³ ]m«¯ntem/ Ip¯I ]m«¯ntem DÄs¸«n«pffXmbm _Ôs¸« tIkv ^bepw Ip¯I]m«w ^bepw (Ah hntÃPm^okn e`yamsW¦nÂ) `qan ]Xnhv ^bent\mSpIqSn tNÀt¡−Xpw F¶m _Ôs¸« tIkv ^btem Ip¯I¸m«w ^btem Xmeq¡m^okneps−¶p t_m²yambm hnhcw dnt¸mÀ«n ]cmaÀint¡−XpamIp¶p. ]Xnhn\mkv]Zamb `qansb kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ alÊdn NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ hnhc§Ä AS§nbncnt¡−XmWv. (1) hntÃPv (2) kÀsh \¼À (3) hnkvXoÀ®w (4) AXncpIÄ (5) ssIhi¡mcsâ t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw (6) ssIhi¡mcsâ ap³ taÂhnemkw (7) ssIhi¯nsâ kz`mhw (8) ssIhi¡mcsâ sXmgn (9) IpSpw_¯nsâ {]Xnamk hcpam\w (10) IpSpw_¯nse AwK§fpsS F®w (11) At]£I\pÄs¸sSbpff IpSpw_¯nse AwK§fpsS ]Xnhmbpw ]m«ambpw BsIbpff `qan. (12) At]£I³ ]«nIPmXnþ]«nIhÀ¤¯nÂs¸« hyànbmtWmsb¶v (13) `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶ `qanIfpsS ]«nIbnÂs¸«XmtWmsb¶v (14) tZlÞ hnhc§Ä (15) {]thiIsâ X\Xp Nab§Ä hr£ hnhc§Ä {Ia \¼À C\w s]m¡w h®w hne hntÃPm^okÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«nt\msSm¸w NphsS hnhcn¡p¶ dn¡mÀUpIÄ DffS¡w sNbvXncnt¡−XmWv:þ (1) `qan ]Xnhn\pth−nbpff At]£ (2) hntÃPm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«v (3) kvsI¨v (4) alÊÀ (5) At]£ I£nbpsS samgn/ tÌäpsaâv (6) skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎv (7) k_vUnhnj³ tÌävsaâv (8) `q kwc£W\nba¯n\p hnt[bamb tIkv ^bÂ/ Ip¯I]m«w ^bÂ


14. dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ, hntÃPm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«pw kvsI¨pw, alkdpw ]cntim[n¨v km£ys¸Sp¯nbtijw XSnhne CuSmt¡−Xmb hr£§Ä, XSnhnebv¡v hnt[baÃm¯ hr£§Ä, kwhcWw sNt¿− hr£§Ä F¶n§s\ hr£§fpsS Xcw Xncn¨pÅ aq¶p {]tXyI ]«nI X¿mdmt¡−Xpw At]£I£nbn \n¶pw CuSmt¡− Xdhne, XSnhne, kÀsh NmÀPpIÄ, \nIpXn IpSnÈnI F¶o hnhc§Ä¡v dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n _Ôs¸« ^b ]Xn\©p Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. 15. At]£ I£nbv¡v `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡phm³ D¯chmbm D¯chnsâ aq¶p {]Xn X¿mdm¡n Hcp {]Xn dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ aptJ\ hntÃPv B^okÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XmWv. Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡−Xpw `qan ]Xnhv D¯chpIÄ Ah e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v cPnÌdn tNÀt¡−XpamIp¶p. XocpImc³ (Assk\n) kÀ¡mcnte¡v ASbvt¡− XSnhne HSp¡m³ hnk½Xn¡p¶]£w ]Xnhp `qanbnse s\s©m¸w 90 skâoaoäÀ IqSpX NpäfhpÅ hr£§Ä tee¯n hn¡mhp¶XmWv. XocpImc³ kwJy apgph³ HSp¡nbm \nÀ±nã ^md¯n ]«bw \ÂtI−Xpw ]«b¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v hntÃPm^okÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XpamWv. kwhcWw sNt¿− hr£hnhc§Ä ]«b¯n tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. ]«b¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v In«nbmepS³ Xs¶ hntÃPm^okÀ ]XnhpImcsâ t]cn {]tXyIw X−t¸À ]nSnt¡−Xpw kwhcWw sNt¿− hr£ hnhcw \nÀ±nã cPnÌdn tNÀt¡−XpamWv. 16. ]«bw \ÂIn¡gnªm XlknÂZmÀ `qan ]Xnhv ^ben \n¶pw kvsI¨v skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnsâ FI-vkv{SmÎv, k_vUnhnj³ tÌäpsaâv F¶nhbpsS Hmtcm {]Xnbpw \o¡w sNt¿−Xpw ]pXnb k_v Unhnj³ tIkpIfpsS cPnÌdn tNÀ¯v Xmeq¡v kÀshbsdtbm dh\yq C³kvs]Îsdtbm sIm−v k_vUnhnj³ dn¡mÀUpIÄ X¿mdm¡m³ G¸nt¡−XmWv. C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡p¶ k_v Unhnj³ dn¡mÀUv kÀsh kq{]−n\b¨v AwKoImcw e`n¨p Ignªm Xmeq¡nsebpw, hntÃPnsebpw _Ôs¸« dn¡mÀUpIfn dh\yq C³kvs]Îsds¡m−v amäw hcpt¯−Xpw A{]Imcw amäw hcp¯nb hnhcw hntÃPv B^okÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−XpamWv. 18. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pth−n DSs\ D]tbmKanÃm¯ Kh¬saâv `qan tee¯n hnfn¡msX Xs¶ 1964 se `qan ]Xnhp N«§Ä A\pkcn¨pw 1995 se ap³kn¸Â /tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan ]Xnhv N«§Ä A\pkcn¨pw ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. J. 162: kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡p th−n DSs\ D]tbmKanÃm¯ kÀ¡mÀ `qanIÄ tee¯n hnfn¡msX Xs¶ 1964 se tIcf `qan ]Xnhv N«§Ä {]Imchpw 1995 se ap\nkn¸Â tIÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan ]Xnhv N«§Ä {]Imchpw ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. J.162.F: 1964 se tIcf `qan ]Xnhv N«w 13 {]Imcw Xmsg ]dbp¶ Bhiy§Ä¡v `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. 1)

]«nIPmXn ]«nIhÀ¤¡mÀ¡pw aäp kapZmb¯nÂs¸« AKXnIfmbhcpsSbpw IpSpw_¯n\v Irjn¡p th−n 3 G¡À hsc `qan 2 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v XlkoÂZmÀ¡v ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. (N«w 14(1) )

2)

Ab `qanbpsS KpWIcamb D]tbmK¯n\mbn 50 skâv hsc 2 hÂj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v XlknÂZm#¡v ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv.


(N«w 14 (2) ) F¶m P·mhImiapÅ `qanbpsS ssIhiw CÃmXmIpt¼mÄ ]m«¯nt·epÅ AhImihpw CÃmXmhp¶XmWv. 3)

kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIcn¨ ]²XnIÄ¡v 5 G¡À hsc 5 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡pw 10 G¡À hsc 10 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡pw 20 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡pw AXn IqSpXepÅ hnkvXoÀ®¯n\pw Imebfhntebv¡pw kÀ¡mcn\mWv ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw (N«w 14(3) ). F¶m kÀ¡mÀ D¯chn hnevXoÀ®¯n\pw Imebfhn\pw ]cn[n \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«ps−¦n B ]cn[n hsc am{Xta A\phZn¡m\ ]mSpÅq.

4)

klIcW kwL§Ä¡v Irjn Bhiy¯n\v 3 G¡À hsc XlknÂZmÀ¡pw, 10 G¡À hsc dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡pw, 20 G¡À hsc PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡pw, 10 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhnte¡v ]m«¯n\v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. IqSpXembn th−n hcp¶ tIkpIfn kÀ¡mÀ A\paXn BhiyamWv. (N«w 14(4

5)

kt½f\§Ä, taf, DÕh§Ä, kÀ¡kv, \mSIw, {]ZÀi\w F¶nh \S¯p¶Xn\v sjUpIÄ, ]´epIÄ F¶nh \nÀ½n¡p¶Xn\v, NIncn ]qgv¯n hbv¡pI, hkvXp¡Ä tiJcn¨v hbv¡pI, ss]¸v sse³ CSpI, tdmUcnIn Nhn«p]Sn \nÀ½n¡pI, Xm¡menI ]oSnIIÄ hbv¡pI, s]t{SmÄ _¦v Øm]n¡pI, IfnØe§Ä D−m¡pI, F¶o Bhiy§Ä¡p th−n 3 hÀj¯n IqSmsXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v _Ôs¸« A[nImcnIÄ¡v eokn\v A\phZn¨v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. F¶m kn\na \S¯p¶Xn\v ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw kÀ¡mcn\mWv. N«w (14(5) ).

J. 162._n: \mhnI Imcy§Ä¡Ãm¯ Bhiy§Ä¡v t]mÀ«v A[o\XbnepÅ Øew t]mÀ«v A[nImcnIfpsS A\paXntbmSp IqSn 3 G¡À hscbpÅ `qan 2 hÀjt¯bv¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡pw 5 G¡À hscbpÅ `qan 5 hÀjt¯bv¡v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^kÀ¡pw, 10 G¡À hscbpÅ `qan 10 hÀjt¯bv¡v PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡pw ]m«¯nt\m, ssek³knt\m sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. asäÃm tIknepw ]m«tam ssek³tkm A\phZn¡phm\pÅ A[nImcw em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWÀ¡mbncn¡pw (N«w 14 (6) ). J. 162 kn: ]m«¯nt\m, ssek³knt·tem sImSp¯ `qan kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy¯nt\m s]mXp Bhiy¯nt\m th−nhcnIbmsW¦n ]Xn¨p In«nb hyànbv¡v 60 Znhks¯ tcJmaqew t\m«okv \ÂInb tijw A\phZn¨ A[nImcnIÄ¡v ]m«tam ssek³tkm d±v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. F¶m ]m«hyhØ ewLn¨m 15 Znhks¯ t\m«okv sImSp¯n«v ]Xnhv d±v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. N«w 15(4). `qan GXv Bhiy¯n\mtWm \ÂInbn«pÅXv B Bhiy¯n\v 6 amkw hsc D]tbmKn¡msX h¶m Sn `qan GsäSp¯v tÌäv em³Uv _m¦n DÄs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. J. 162 Un: 27þ-07-þ11 se Pn.H.(Fw.Fkv) \w. 280/2011/BÀ.Un. \¼À D¯chv {]Imcw hmWnPymhiy¯n\mbn `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶ ]camh[n Imemh[n 10 hÀjhpw, {]mYanI Bhiy§fmb kvIqÄ, Bip]{Xn apXembhbv¡mbn `qan ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xnsâ ]camh[n Imemh[n 30 hÀjhpw BWv. FÃm Øm]\§Ä¡pw eokn\v \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXamWv. IqSmsX, ]m«¯pI ]pXp¡p¶Xn\v It¼mfhne \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\v ]m«`qantbmSv tNÀ¶v InS¡p¶ ]«b`qanbpsS \ymbhnebpsS Cc«nXpI It¼mfhnebmbn IW¡m¡n ]m«¯pI \nÀ®bn¡mhp¶XmWv. (Pn.H.(Fw.Fkv) \w. 174/2011/dh\yq XobXn. 02-05-11) J. 162 C: Sn N«§Ä {]Imcw `qantbm, Ahbnse ac§tfm eoknt\m, ssek³knt\m \ÂIpt¼mÄ CuSmt¡− \nc¡pIÄ kw_Ôn¨v kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn D¯chv


]pds¸Sphn¡p¶XmWv. \nehn {]_eyapÅ Pn.H (Fw.Fkv) \w. 96/2016/BÀ.Un. XobXn. 06þ-02þ-16 {]ImcapÅ \nc¡pIfmWv CuSmt¡−Xv. (]IÀ¸v A\p_Ôambn tNÀ¡p¶p) J.163. 1995 se ap³kn¸Â tImÀ¸tdj³ {]tZi§fnse `qan ]Xnhv N«w 12 {]Imcw kÀ¡mcnt\m s]mXp Bhiy¯nt\m DS³ D]tbmKanÃm¯ `qanIÄ N«w 12(5)  {]Xn]mZn¡p¶ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn hyànIÄ¡v 3 hÀj¯n A[nIcn¡msXbpÅ Imebfhntebv¡v PnÃm IfIvSÀ¡v eokn\v A\phZn¨v \ÂImhp¶XmWv. ap¼v \nehnep−mbncp¶ GsX¦nepw N«§Ä/D¯chv {]Imcw ssIhiw h¨p hcp¶Xpw Imemh[n XoÀ¶Xpamb tIkpIfn \nÀ®bn¡s¸« IpSnÈnI H¶mbn HSp¡pItbm 1957 se tIcf `qkwc£W \nba{]ImcapÅ \ntcm[\¡cw HSp¡pItbm sNbvXXn\p tijw eokv ]pXp¡n \ÂImhp¶XmWv. C{]Imcw eokv ]pXp¡n/A\phZn¨v \ÂIm¯ FÃm tIkpIfnepw eokv d±m¡nbXmbn IW¡mt¡−Xpw Sn `qanIfpsS kwc£W NpaXe hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ¡pamWv. {Ku−v sdâv/ssek³kv F¶o t]cpIfn \ÂInbn«pÅ FÃm ]m« `qanIfpw eokv hyhØbpsS Iogn hcp¶Xpw CXn\v 01-þ04þ-1997 apX {]m_eyapÅXpamWv. J.163F: CXc hIp¸n\v IognepÅ `qanIÄ eokn\v A\phZn¡p¶ kµÀ`¯n _Ôs¸« hIp¸pIfpsS A\paXn]{Xw \nÀ_Ôambpw hm§nbncnt¡−XmWv. Øm]\§Ä¡v ]m«¯n\v \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ D¯chv kÀ¡mcmWv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xv. Øm]\§Ä¡v ]m«w \ÂIpt¼mÄ Pn.H (]n) 281/11/BÀ.Un XobXn 17-þ06þ11 D¯chv {]Imcw Ìm¼v t]¸dn F{Knsaâv hbvt¡−Xpw BbXv ImemIme§fn ]men¡p¶pt−msb¶v Dd¸mt¡−XpamWv. J.163._n: ]m«w ]pXp¡n \ÂIp¶Xpambn _Ôs¸«v ]m«`qanbpsS hne \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\v \nÀ±njvS ]m«`qanbpambn tNÀ¶v InS¡p¶ ]«b hkvXp¡fpsS \ymbhnebpsS Cc«n amÀ¡äv hnebmbn IW¡m¡n ]m«¯pI \nÀ®bn¡mhp¶XmWv. (Pn.H. (Fw.Fkv) 174/2011/dh\yq XobXn 02þ-05þ-11) hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn eokn\v A\phZn¡pt¼mÄ amÀ¡äv hnebpsS ASnØm\¯n CuSmt¡− eokv XpI N«w 12(5) {]Imcw kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn \nÀ®bn¨v hnÚm]\w sN¿p¶XmWv. \nehn {]m_eyapÅ \nc¡pIfpsS hnÚm]\¯nsâ ]IÀ¸v A\p_Ôambn tNÀ¡p¶p. J. 167 apX J. 168 hsc J. 170 apX 172 hsc

A`n{]mbanÃ.

J. 169, J. 173 þ Sn JWvUnIIÄ Hgnhm¡mhp¶XmWv. 20. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbnse hr£§Ä ImemIme§fn hnäv kÀ¡mcntebv¡v apXÂIqt«−Xv dh\yq DtZymKØ·mcpsS ISabmIp¶p. hr£§Ä ]g¡wsN¶p Ignªm Ah \in¨p \ãs¸SmXncn¡m\pw bYmkabw Ahsb apdn¨pamän tee¯n hn¡m\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ \S]SnIÄ FSpt¡−XmWv. `qan, ]Xnhp hm§nb XodpImc³ (Assk\n) XSnhnesbmSp¡m³ hogvN hcp¯p¶Xmbm ]Xnhp`qanbnse hr£§Ä apdn¨pamän tee¯n hnäv kÀ¡mcntebv¡vapX Iqt«−Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mcpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse GsX¦nepw hr£§Ä s]mXpXm¸cy§Ät¡m kpc£nXXz¯nt\m lm\nIcamsW¶p t_m²yambm A¯cw hr£§sfbpw apdn¨pamän hn¡mhp¶XmWv. kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse ]«pt]mb hr£§fpw ImäpsIm−v IS]pgIn hoW hr£§fpw \in¨p \ãs¸«p t]mImsX Ahsb bYmkabw tee¯n hnÂt¡−Xpw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 21. hr£§Ä tee¯n hn¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn hntÃPm^okÀ hn¡m\pt±in¡p¶ Hmtcm hr£¯nsâbpw aXn¸phne ImWn¡p¶ Hcp FÌntaäpw alÊdpw X¿mdmt¡−Xp−v. C{]Imcw X¿mdm¡p¶ alÊdn hr£¯nsâ C\w, Afhv, KpWw F¶o hnhc§fpw XSn GXp {]Imc¯n KpWIcambn D]tbmKn¡msa¶pw It¼mf¯n hnäm AXn\v Dt±iw


F´phne e`n¡psa¶pw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hntÃPv B^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ FÌntaäpw alÊdpw dh\yq C³kvs]ÎÀ ]cntim[n¨v km£ys¸Spt¯−Xpw A\´cw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. XSnbpsS aXn¸phne 50 cq]bn Ihnbp¶]£w XlknÂZmtcm, sU]yq«n XlknÂZmtcm XSn t\cn ]cntim[n¨v alÊdn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hnhc§Ä icnbmtWmsb¶v t\mt¡−Xpw icnbsöv t_m²yambm At±l¯nsâ A`n{]mba\pkcn¨pÅ aXn¸phne tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. aXn¸phne 200 cq]bn IhnbmXncp¶m XlkoÂZmÀ¡v dh\yq C³kvs]ÎdpsS ]Zhnbn XmsgbÃm¯ Hcp DtZymKØs\ teew \S¯phm³ A[nImcs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. hr£¯nsâ aXn¸phne \nÝbn¡p¶Xv teew \S¯p¶ DtZymKØ\p teew \S¯p¶Xn\p th−nbpÅ ASnØm\hne (A]vskäv ss{]kv) a\Ênem¡p¶Xn\pth−n am{XamsW¶v hntÃPv DtZymKسamÀ a\Ênem¡nbncnt¡−XmWv. BbXn\m hntÃPm^oktdm sU]yq«n XlknÂZmtcm, XlknÂZmtcm \nÝbn¡p¶ aXn¸phne bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw tee¯n ]¦psImÅp¶hsc [cn¸n¡phm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. 22. hr£¯nsâ aXn¸phne \nÝbnt¡−Xv kÀ¡mÀ ImemIme§fn {]kn²s¸Sp¯p¶ kn\nbtdPv \nc¡ns\ Bkv]Zam¡nbmbncn¡Ww. kmam\yw \Ãhne {]Xo£n¡p¶ Hcp hr£¯nsâ aXn¸phne \nÝbn¡m³ PnÃm h\w hIp¸v ta[mhnbpsSbpw A`n{]mbw Bcmbmhp¶XmWv. XSnbpsS ko\nbtdPv \nc¡v km[mcWbmbn \nÝbn¡p¶Xv `qanbn \n¡p¶ Hcp hr£¯ns\ Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv. AXn\m aXn¸phne Ft¸mgpw ko\nbtdPv \nc¡ns\¡mÄ IqSpXembncnt¡−XmWv. ko\nbtdPv \nc¡nt\mSpIqSn Hcp {]oanbhpw Iq«n tNÀ¯mWv aXn¸phne \nÝbn¡pI. 23. kÀ¡mcm^okpIfpw kÀ¡mÀ _w¥mhpIfpw ØnXnsN¿p¶ ]d¼nepÅ `qanbpw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨pÅ N«§Ä 26þ2þ1967 se 8þmw \¼À Kkän {]kn²s¸Sp¯nbn«p−v. (22-2-1697 se kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv (]n) 74/67 dh\yq t\m¡pI) Cu N«§f\pkcn¨v t]meokv A[o\XbneÃm¯ kÀ¡mcm^okpIÄ, _w¥mhpIÄ, KÌv lukv, Sn._n. Iym¼v, sjUv, k{Xw XpS§nb kÀ¡mÀ hI sI«nS§Ä kYnXn sN¿p¶ ]d¼nepÅ `qan `£y[m\y§Ä IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\pth−n hmÀjnImSnØm\¯n Xm¡menI ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡mhp¶XmWv. ]m«w sImSp¡pt¼mÄ ]m«¯n\v hnt[bamb `qanbnepÅ hr£§fn \n¶pw BZmbw FSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]m«mhmImihpw ]m«¡mc\p \ÂImhp¶XmWv. km[mcWbmbn teew \S¯nbmWv ]m«w A\phZn¡p¶Xv. F¶m teew IqSmsX ]m«w A\phZn¡p¶ tIkpIfn ]m«¯pI ]m«¡mc\n \n¶pw ap³Iqdmbn hmt§−XmIp¶p. 24. kÀ¡mcm^okpIÄ ØnXn sN¿p¶ ]d¼pIfpw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\psImSp¡p¶Xn\v _Ôs¸« Hm^okv ta[mhn¡pw kÀ¡mÀ hI hmkKrl§Ä ØnXnsN¿p¶ ]d¼pw AXnse hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡p¶Xn\p _Ôs¸« sI«nS¯nsâ NmÀPv hln¡p¶ s]mXpacma¯v/SqdnÌv hIp¸nse Xmgv¶ KkäUv DtZymKØ\pw A[nImcap−mbncn¡p¶XmWv. Hmtc ]d¼n H¶n IqSnX B^okpIÄ ØnXnsN¿pIbpw Ahbn H¶v dh\yq B^okpw Bbncp¶m B ]d¼nse `qanbpw hr£§fpw ]m«¯n\p \ÂtI−Xv dh\yq B^okv ta[mhnbmWv. F¶m dh\yq B^okv CÃm¯ kmlNcy¯n PnÃm IfÎÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶ GsX¦nepw B^okv ta[mhn¡v ]m«w A\phZn¯mhp¶XmWv.

26. hr£hne (XSnhne) \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\p th−n {i²nt¡− kwKXnIÄ:þ XSnhne \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xv XSnbpsS Npäfhns\bpw Iyq_nIv Afhns\bpw Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv. Xd\nc¸n \n¶pw 137 skâoaoäÀ s]m¡¯nepÅ XSn Af¶p t\m¡nbmWv hr£¯nsâ Npäfhv \nÝbnt¡−Xv. Xmbv¯Snbn \n¶pw {][m\s¸« inJcw Xncnbp¶Xp hscbpÅ hr£¯nsâ s]m¡hpw Npäfhpw Xn«s¸Sp¯n¡gnªm Xmsg kqNn¸n¡p¶ kq{Xw (t^mÀape) D]tbmKn¨v XSnbpsS Iyq_nIv Afhv \nÀ®bn¡mhp¶XmWv.


¼ Npäfhv X ¼ Npäfhv X s]m¡w (sk.aoäÀ) (sk.aoäÀ) (aoäÀ) þþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþþ 100 X 100 27. hr£¯nsâ apIÄ `mKw inJc§fpw h−n¨paSv (ImÀ«v temUv) IW¡m¡n hndIphne \nc¡n {]tXyIw \nÝbnt¡−XmWv. 28. Ip¯I¸m«w N«§f\pkcnt¨m aäp N«§f\pkcnt¨m Imemh[n Ignª ]m«w ]pXp¡pIbpw ]m«¡mc\p ]m«`qan ]Xn¨psImSp¡mhp¶XmsW¦n `qan ]XnhpN«§f\pkcn¨v AÀlXbpÅhÀ¡v ]Xn¨psImSp¯v Icw Npa¯pIbpw sNt¿−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKسamcpsS NpaXebmIp¶p.

30. ImÀUaw skänÂsaâv:þ Gew IrjnsN¿p¶Xn\p th−n kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]m«¯n\v sImSp¡p¶Xns\ kw_Ôn¨v Kh¬saâv {]tXyIw N«§Ä {]kn²oIcn¨n«p−v. Cu N«§Ä CSp¡n PnÃbn tZhnIpfw, DSp¼t©me, ]ocptaSv F¶o Xmeq¡pIfnse kÀ¡mÀ `qanIÄ¡p am{Xta _m[IamIpIbpÅq. ta D²cn¨ N«§f\pkcn¨v kÀ¡mÀ `qan A\[nIrXambn It¿dn GewIrjn sNbvXv ssIhiwh¨pt]mcp¶ hyànbv¡v B `qan Gew Irjn¡pth−n Ccp]Xp hÀjt¯bv¡v teew IqSmsX ]m«¯n\p \ÂImhp¶XmWv. Ge¡rjnbv¡p]bpàambXpw ssIhi¯n\p hnt[baÃm¯Xpamb kÀ¡mÀ `qan Ge¡rjn¡p th−n ssIhiw hbv¡m\pÅ ]m«mhImiw tee¯n hn¡m\pw N«§fn hyhØbp−v. 31. kzImcy hyànIÄ¡pw I¼\nIÄ¡pw ]m«¯n\p \ÂImhp¶ kÀ¡mÀ `qanbpsS ]camh[n hnkvXoÀ®w N«§fn \nÀt±in¨n«p−v. Hcp kzImcyhyàn¡v ]¯v slÎdn IqSpX `qan ]m«¯n\p \ÂIm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. IqSmsX Hcp kzImcy hyànbv¡v ]m«¯n\p \ÂIp¶ `qanbpw ap³ ]m«amtbm ]Xnhmtbm AbmfpsS ssIhiapÅ `qanbpw Iq«nt¨À¯m Ccp]¯nb©v slÎdn Ihnbm\pw ]mSnÃ. I¼\nIfpsSbpw t^apIfpsSbpw Imcy¯n Hcp ]mÀ«vWÀ¡v ]¯v slÎÀ F¶ \nc¡n ]m«w A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. ]s£ ]m«`qanbpsS sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®w \m¸Xp slÎdn A[nIcn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. Hcp I¼\nsb AYhm t^ans\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw ap³]m«amtbm ]Xnhmtbm B I¼\nbpsS AYhm t^ansâ ssIhiapÅ `qanbpw ]pXpXmbn A\phZn¡p¶ ]m«`qanbpw Iq«nt¨À¯m \qänbncp]Xv slÎdn Ihnbm¯hn[w A\phZn¡p¶ ]m«`qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w ]cnanXs¸Spt¯−XmWv. GsX¦nepw Hcp hyànt¡m, Øm]\¯nt\m ]cn[nbn Ihnª `qan ssIhiapÅ ]£w A{]Imcw ssIhiapÅ ]cn[nbn Ihnª `qan kÀ¡mcntebv¡v \ncp]m[nIw hn«psImSpt¡−XmWv. 32. ]m«w kzoIcn¡p¶ hyàn \nehnepÅ \nc¡n {]oanbhpw `qan ssIhis¸Sp¯nb XobXn apX hmÀjnI]m«hpw HSp¡m³ _m²yØ\mIp¶p. `qan ssIhis¸Sp¯nb XobXn apX ]m«w A\phZn¡p¶ XobXn hscbpÅ ]m«¡pSnÈnIbpw {]oanbhpw HSp¡nbm am{Xta ]m«w A\phZn¡pIbpÅq. Cu XpI XhWIfmbn HSp¡m³ \nÀ±nã DtZymKØ\v A\paXn \ÂImhp¶XmWv. ]m«¡mc³ ]m«w A\phZn¨ XobXn apX ]m«¯nsâ Imemh[n Xocp¶Xphsc hÀjw tXmdpw HSp¡m\pÅ hmÀjnI]m«w AXmXp hÀjw ap³Iqdmbn HSp¡n ckoXp hm§nbncn¡Ww. KncnhÀ¤¡mÀ¡v kuP\y \nc¡n ]m«w A\phZn¡m³ N«§fn hyhØbp−v. 33. ]m«w ]mc¼cyhnt[bamsW¦nepw PnÃm IfÎdpsS A\phmZw hm§msX ]m«¡mc³ ]m«`qan A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. ]m«¡mc³ ]m«¨o«nse hyhØItfm,


N«§fnse \n_Ô\Itfm ]men¡msX h¶m ]m«w d±m¡mhp¶Xpw, ]m«¡mcs\ Hgn¸n¨v ]m«`qan kÀ¡mcntebv¡v hos−Sp¡mhp¶XpamIp¶p. 34. kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse A\[nIrXamb GeIrjn \nbaam¡p¶Xn\p th−n GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ Hcp Is−gp¯ns\bmWv ""ImÀUaw skänÂsaâv'' F¶p hnh£n¡p¶Xv. kÀ¡mÀ `qanbnse A\[nIrXamb Hmtcm It¿ähpw I−p]nSn¨v Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯n It¿ä¯n\v hnt[bambXpw Gew Irjn sNbvXphcp¶Xpamb `qan It¿ä¡mc\pXs¶ Ge¡rjn¡pth−n ]m«¯n\v \ÂIpI F¶XmWv skänÂsaâv tPmensIm−pt±in¡p¶Xv. F¶m kÀ¡mÀ `qanbn Gew HgnsI aäpÅhnfIÄ IrjnsNbvXp hcp¶ It¿ä¡mcpsS `qkwc£W \nbaa\pkcn¨mWv \S]SnIsfSp¡pI. Imemh[nIgnª ]m«§Ä ]pXp¡pI, Ge¡rjnbv¡p]bpàambXpw ssIhi¯n\p hnt[baÃm¯Xpamb kÀ¡mÀ `qan GewIrjnsN¿p¶Xn\p th−n ssIhiwhbv¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]m«mhImiw tee¯n hn¡pI F¶o tPmenIfpw skänÂsaâv tPmenbpsS ]cn[nbnÂs¸«XmIp¶p. skänÂsaâv tPmen¡pth−n hntijm \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ DtZymKØ·mÀ ]ment¡− {Ia§sf¡pdn¨v dh\yq hIp¸n \n¶pw 20þ4þ1959þ Is¿gp¯mbn ]pds¸Sphn¨n«pÅ 16þmw \¼À kÀ¡mÀ D¯chn khnkvXcw {]Zn]mZn¨n«p−v. 35. skänÂsaâv tPmen¡pth−n hntijm \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ kvs]jy hntÃPm^okÀ kÀsh hIp¸n \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ ""Un'' kvsI¨nsâbpw dh\yq enÌnsâbpw klmbt¯mSpIqSn Hmtcm ssIhi hkvXphpw ]cntim[n¨v \nÀ±nã ^md¯n dnt¸mÀ«pw t\m«oknsâ aq¶p {]XnIfpw alÊdpw X¿mdm¡n _Ôs¸« sU]yq«n XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. dnt¸mÀ«nt\mSpIqSn ssIhi`qanbpsS Hcp d^v kvsI¨pw D−mbncn¡Ww. ssIhi hkvXphn\v N«§f\pkcn¨v DbÀ¶ \nc¡nepÅ {]oaobw Npa¯m³ km²yXbpÅ ]£w AXn\pÅ {]tXyI ImcWw alÊdn tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjmhkm\hpw AXmXv skänÂsaâv B^okdpsS ]¡Â \n¶pw e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v XlknÂZmÀ _Ôs¸« hntÃPm^okÀamsc sXcys¸Spt¯−Xpw hntÃPm^okÀamÀ hmÀjnI]m«w apXÂsh¨v ]m«¡mcn \n¶pw ]ncns¨Spt¡−XpaIp¶p. Hcp hntÃPnse skänÂsaâv tPmen ]qÀ¯nbmbn¡gnªm skänÂsaâv B^okÀ ]m«¯n\p \ÂInb kÀ¡mÀ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Hcp cPnÌdpw Hmtcm ]m«¡mc\pw A\phZn¨ ]m«`qanbpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ asämcp cPnÌdpw \nÀ±nã ^md¯n (c−p {]XnIÄ hoXw) X¿mdm¡n ss^\ kÀsh dn¡mÀUpIÄ klnXw _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XmWv. {]kvXpX cPnÌdnsâ Hmtcm {]Xn _Ôs¸« hntÃPm^oknepw kq£nt¡−XmWv.

A²ymbwþ15

t]m¡phchv AYhm Paamäw `qanbnepff DSaØmhImiw amdp¶Xn\\pkcWambn hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pff `qDSaIfpsS t]cn `q\nIpXn ]ncn¡p¶ Bhiy¯n\mbn, amäw hcp¯p¶ k{¼Zmbw Paamäw ({Sm³^À Hm^v cPnkv{Sn ) F¶p ]dbp¶p. Cu k{¼Zmbs¯ ""]«'' amäw , ]Xnhv amäw, t]m¡phchv F¶o t]cpIfnepw Adnbs¸Sp¶p. bYmÀ° \nIpXn _²cn \n¶pw `q\nIpXn CuSm¡m³ klmbIcamI¯¡hn[w hntÃPnse X−t¸À A¡u−v AYhm Nnä Gähpw \ho\amb coXnbn ]cnjvIcn¨v kq£nt¡−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS NpaXebmIp¶p. 1966 se t]m¡phchv N«§Ä, 2011 se t`ZKXn N«w (GO(ms)NO.227/2011/RD Dated 16/07/2011) F¶nhbnse hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambmWv t]m¡phchv \S]Sn {Ia§Ä ]qÀ¯oIcnt¡−Xv. Paamä¯n\pff Bhiyw kwPmXamIp¶Xv NphsS ]dbp¶ kmlNcy§fnemWv. 1. kza\Êmsebpff hkvXp ssIamäw


2. \nÀ_ÔnX ssIamäw(knhn tImSXn hn[nbneqsStbm dh\yq tee¯neqsStbm Dff ssIamäw 3. ]n³XpSÀ¨ AhImiw hgn 4. 12 hÀjtam AXn IqSpXtem Imew FXnÀssIhimhImiw sXfnbn¡p¶ hyànbpsS t]À¡pÅ ssIamäw. 1. kza\Êmsebpff hkvXp ssIamäwþ C{]Imcapff hkvXp ssIamäw c−v hn[¯nemImw. (F) AäIcWw:þ Ømhc hkvXp¡fnepff DSaØmhImiw Øncambn ssIamäw sN¿p¶Xns\ AäIcWw F¶p ]dbp¶p. [\\nÝbw (hnev]\), CãZm\w (Kn^väv), `mKw hbv]v (]mÀ«nj³) XpS§nb IcW§Ä AäIcW§fmWv. `qanbnepff DSaØmhImiw Øncambpw \ncmt£]ambpw ssIamäw sN¿p¶ k_vUnhnj³ Bhiyapff tIkpIfn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlknÂZmcpsS D¯ch\pkcn¨pw k_vUnhnj³ BhiyanÃm¯ tIkpIfn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t\cn«pw t]m¡phchv \S¯n hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfn amäw hcp¯mhp¶XmWv. (_n) Xm¡menI ssIamäw:þhkvXp¡fpsS Xm¡menI ssIamäw \nan¯w Icw HSp¡m\pff _m²yX DSabv¡v kn²n¡p¶nÃ. BbXn\m Hän, ]m«w XpS§nb Xm¡menI amä§sf kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw Paamä¯nsâ BhiyIX t\cnSp¶nÃ. 2) \nÀ_ÔnX ssIamäw:þtImSXn hn[ntbm dh\yq teetam \nan¯w hkvXp¡fpsS DSaØmhImiw hn[n DSabvt¡m tee¡mct\m ssIamdp¶Xns\ \nÀ_ÔnX ssIamäw F¶p ]dbp¶p. C{]Imcapff hkvXp ssIamäw hkvXp DSabpsS k½Xt¯mSpIqSnbà \S¡p¶Xv. adn¨v tImSXnhn[ntbm dh\yq teetam \nan¯w hkvXp DSa Xsâ DSaØmhImiw ssIamdm³ \nÀ_ÔnX\mbn¯ocp¶p. tImSXn hn[n A\pkcn¨v DSabvt¡m teew A\pkcn¨v t{IXmhnt\m (teew sIm−bmÄ) e`nbv¡p¶ hnev]\ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ cPnÌÀ sN¿pt¼mÄ AhbpsS ]IÀ¸v k_v cPnkv{SmÀ B^okn \n¶pw Hm¬sse\mtbm am\zemtbm e`nbv¡p¶ apdbv¡v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t]m¡phchv \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡−XmWv. 3)]n³XpSÀ¨mhImiw 1) A\´cmhImiw hgn Hcp ]«mZmÀ NcaaSªm AbmfpsS A\´cmhIminIfpsS t]cp hnhc§Ä At\zjn¨v Is−¯n AhImiXÀ¡w CÃm¯]£w A\´cmhIminIfpsS t]cn t]m¡v hchv \S¯p¶Xn\v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \S]Sn kzoIcnt¡−XmWv. AhImi XÀ¡apff tIkpIfn ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi \nbaw A\pkcn¨v AhImiw XoÀ¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v th−n XlknÂZmÀ t]m¡phchv N«§fnse 27þmw hIp¸v A\pkcn¨v Hcp k½dn hnNmcW \St¯−XmWv. BbXnte¡v dqÄ 10 se t\m«v (ii)  {]Xn]mZn¨n«pff coXnbn AhImi_ÔapffXmbn hnizkn¡s¸Sp¶ FÃm hyànIÄ¡pw t\m«okv \ÂtI−Xpw t\m«okv XobXn apX aq¶v amk¯n\pffn XÀ¡apff GsX¦nepw hyàn hkvXphn³taepff Xsâ AhImiw Øm]n¡p¶Xn\mbn “knhn tImSXn ap¼msI Hcp lÀPn ^b sNbvXn«ps−¶pw BbXnsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸v lmPcm¡nbn«ps−¶papff” Hcp kXy {]kvXmh\ ^b sNt¿−XmsW¶ hnhcw t\m«okn {]Xn]mZn¨ncnt¡−XpamWv. t\m«okn ]dªncn¡p¶ aq¶v amk Imemh[n¡pffn Hcp Un¢tdj\pw ^b sN¿m¯ ]£w aq¶pamk Imemh[n Ahkm\n¡p¶ apdbv¡v XlknÂZmdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂtI−XmWv. Un¢tdj³ ^b sN¿s¸Sp¶ kmlNcy¯n knhn tImSXnbn \nehnepff tIknse Xocpam\¯n\v tijw am{Xw BbXn\\pkrXambn \S]SnIÄ kzoIcnt¡−XmWv. 2)]«mZmcpsS Xntcm[m\w aqew Hcp ]«mZmsc Ggp hÀj¯ne[nI Imeambn ImWmXmIpIbpw AbmÄ Pohn¨ncn¸ps−¶Xn\v sXfnhnÃmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ kmlNcy¯n AbmÄ acn¨Xmbn


k¦Â¸n¨v A\´cmhIminbpsS t]cn t]m¡phchv N«w 27(ii) se hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn A\´cmhIminIÄ t]À¡v t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. A\´cmhIminIÄ CÃm¯ kmlNcy¯n hkvXphnsâ ssIhi¡mcsâ t]cn t]m¡v hchv sNbvXv \ÂIp¶Xn\v Bt£]apff GsX¦nepw hyàn “Xsâ AhImiw Øm]n¡p¶Xnte¡mbn knhn tImSXnbn Hcp lÀPn ^b sNbvXn«ps−¶pw BbXnsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb Hcp ]IÀ¸v lmPcm¡nbn«ps−¶papff” Hcp Un¢tdj³ hnÚm]\w {]kn²oIcn¨v aq¶v amk¯n\pffn \ÂIm¯]£w , hkvXphnsâ ssIhi¡mcsâ t]cn t]m¡v hchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. Hcp Un¢tdj\pw kaÀ¸n¡m¯ ]£w aq¶v amkw Ignbp¶ apdbv¡v t\m«okn ]dªn«pff {]Imc¯n t]m¡p hchv \St¯−XmWv. Un¢tdj³ kaÀ¸n¨n«pff ]£w aäv \S]SnIsfSp¡p¶Xn\v ap¼v lÀPnbnse ,Xocpam\¯n\mbn Im¯ncnt¡−XmWv. 4) ]{´−v hÀjtam AXn IqSpXtem Imew FXnÀ ssIhimhImiw hyànbpsS t]À¡pff ssIamäw

sXfnbn¡p¶

DSaØmhImiw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\v bmsXmcp tcJbpanÃm¯ GsX¦nepw I£nIÄ k½dnhnNmcWbn 12 hÀjtam AXntesd¡metam Bbn Xm³ bYmÀ°¯nepffXpw XpSÀ¨bmbXpw hnLv\§fnÃm¯Xpamb ssIhi¡mc\msW¶v sXfnbn¡p¶ kwKXnIfn tIcf t]m¡phchv N«§Ä 1966 se N«w 28 {]Imcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. 5)k_v cPnkv{SmdpsS NpaXe {]amWw cPnÌÀ sN¿p¶ kab¯v t]m¡phchn\pth−n I£nIÄ lmPcm¡p¶ At]£m t^md§fpw k½X]{X§fpw _Ôs¸« {]amW§fpsS ]IÀ¸v klnXw \nÝnX kab¯n\pffn _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmÀ¡v/hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v t\cnt«m Hm¬sse\mtbm \ÂIm³ k_v cPnkv{SmÀ _m²yØ\mWv. NLRMP ]²XnbpsS `mKambn k_v cPnkv{SmÀ Hm^okn Nabv¡s¸Sp¶ Hmtcm B[mchpw t]m¡phchv sN¿p¶Xn\pff t^mdw 1 B bnepff At]£ Hm¬sse\mbn cPnÌdn§v Hm^okÀ _Ôs¸« hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v/XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. 6)hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ hntÃPv Hm^okn Hm¬sse\neqsSbÃmsX e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ \nehnepff \nc¡\pkcn¨v t]m¡phchv ^okv CuSm¡nbtijw 6þmw \¼À cPnÌdn {Iaambn tNÀ¯v \S]Sn kzoIcn¡Ww. Cu cPnÌÀ km¼¯nIhÀjmSnØm\¯n X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−Xpw Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjmhkm\hpw XoÀ¸m¡m³ _m¡nbpff tIkpIÄ ASp¯ km¼¯nIhÀj¯nse cPnÌdnte¡v FSps¯gptX−XpamWv. t]m¡phchn\pth−n e`nbv¡p¶ At]£IÄ Bdmw \¼À cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶ {Ia¯n am{Xw ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡m³ tbmKyamsW¶v ImWp¶ ]£w ""F'' ^md¯nepff Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡pIbpw thWw. t]m¡phchn\mkv]Zamb hkvXphnsâ kÀsÆ \¼À, hnkvXoÀ®w, C\w, Xcw, ]«mZmcpsS t]cv, ]« \¼À, IcW¯nsâ kz`mhw, BcpsS t]cnte¡mWv ]«amä¯n\v At]£n¨ncn¡p¶Xv F¶o hnhc§Ä ‘F’ ^md¯n hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hkvXp t]m¡p hchn\v hnt[bamb C\¯n s]«XmtWm F¶pw BcpsSsb¦nepw t]cn kuP\y hyhØbn ]Xn¨p sImSp¯n«pffXmtWm F¶pw, ap³ {]amW{]Imcw hkvXp ssIamäw sN¿p¶Xn\v \ntcm[n¨n«pt−m F¶pw ap³ B[mc¯n AhImiapffhscÃmw I£n tNÀ¶n«pt−m F¶pw ]cntim[n¨ncn¡Ww. IqSmsX t]m¡p hchn\v Bkv]Zamb `qan _m[yXm hnapàamsW¶v Dd¸phcpt¯−Xpw B hnhcw ‘F’ ^md¯n km£ys¸Spt¯−XpamWv.


t]m¡phchn\v Bkv]Zamb hkvXphn\v k_vUnhnj³ Bhiyapff ]£w hnhcw F ^md¯nse \nÀ±nã tImf¯n tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw k_v Unhnjsâ AhØbpw hnkvXoÀ®hpw ImWn¡p¶ t¹m«Uv kvsI¨v Xbmdmt¡−XpamWv. k_vUnhnj³ DÄs¸« t]m¡phchv tIkpIÄ Xmeq¡m^oknemWv A\phZnt¡−Xv F¶Xn\m {]kvXpX At]£IÄ A\p_ÔtcJIfpw "F' ^mdw dnt¸mÀ«pw klnXw Xmeq¡m^oknte¡v Abbv¡Ww. B[mcw cPnÌÀ sNbvXXn\vtijw t]m¡phchv sN¿p¶Xn\pff Hcp amk Imemh[n Hgnhm¡n sIm−v 21/01/2015 XobXnbn 1956/C3/14/dh \¼cmbn kÀ¡mÀ kÀ¡peÀ \nehnep−v. t]m¡phchv N«w 28 {]Imcapff t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡p¶Xn\pff A[nImcw XlknÂZmcn \n£n]vXamWv. t]m¡v hchv tIkv XoÀ¨ sNbvXv Ignªm X−t¸À A¡u−n hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. Hmtcm t»m¡nepw {Iaambn X−t¸À A\phZn¨p \ÂIWw. FÃm t]m¡phchv tIkpIfpw A\phZn¡p¶ apdbv¡v ]pXnb X−t¸À \¼À {Iaambn cq]oIcn¨n«pt−m F¶pw ]gb X−t¸À \¼cn Ipdhv tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pt−m F¶pw XlknÂZmÀ hmÀjnI ]cntim[\m thfbn ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw X−t¸À A¡u−n hnhcw km£ys¸Spt¯−XpamWv. ]pXnb k_vUnhnj\pIÄ D−mIp¶Xn\\pkcn¨pÅ amä§Ä ss{Xamk dnt¸mÀ«mbn _Ôs¸« k_v cPnkv{SmÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XmWv (N«w 29). knhn tImSXn hn[nbneqsStbm kÀ¡mÀ tee¯neqsStbm Ømhc hkvXphnsâ AhImiw kn²n¡p¶ kmlNcy§fn t]m¡phchv At]£tbmsSm¸w C³Uy³ cPnkvt{Sj³ BÎv 1908 se sk£³ 89 {]ImcapÅ kÀ«n^n¡äv IqSn k_v cPnkv{Smdn \n¶pw e`yam¡Ww. F¶m knhn dqÄkv Hm^v {]mÎokv {]Imcw tImSXnhn[nbpsS ASnØm\¯n t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂIp¶Xn\v hyhØbp−v. ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi t]m¡phchn\p th−nbpÅ At]£Ifn XÀ¡anÃm¯ tIkpIfn AhIminIÄ t]cn t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂIp¶Xn\v Bt£]sas´¦nepw Ds−¦n BbXv 15 Znhk¯n\Iw D¶bn¡m\mhiys¸«v t\m«okv ]pds¸Sphnt¡−Xpw {]kvXpX t\m«oknsâ ]IÀ¸v _Ôs¸« hntÃPv Hm^okv t\m«okv t_mÀUnepw, ]©mb¯v, Xmeq¡v Hm^okv F¶nhnS§fnepw ]ckyw sNt¿−Xpw 15 Znhk¯n\Iw Bt£]sam¶pw e`n¡m¯ kmlNcy¯n At\zjW¯n t_m²ys¸«v AhIminIÄ t]cn t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XpamWv. tImSXn D¯chneqsStbm dh\yq tee¯neqsStbm B[mcw aptJ\tbm Paamäw Bhiys¸Sp¶ tIkpIfn ssIamä¡mc³ cPntÌÀUv ]«mZmÀ AÃmXncp¶m B[mcw \nIpXn ckoXv Asæn hntÃPv Hm^okdn \n¶pÅ ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv, \nIpXn HSp¡n hcp¶Xmb km£y]{Xw F¶nh t]m¡phchv At]£ kzoIcn¡m³ aXnbmb tcJIfmbn IW¡m¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m ]«mZmtcbpw, ssIamä¡mct\bpw X½n _Ôn¸n¡p¶ FÃm ssIamä§fpsSbpw tcJIÄ Xn«s¸Sp¯n tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. Iq«hImiapÅ Hcp `qanbn \n¶pw Hcp `mKw ]«mZmÀamcn HcmÄ IrXyamb hnkvXoÀ®tam InSt¸m AXnÀ¯nItfm \nÀÆNn¡msX A\ym[o\s¸Sp¯p¶ tIkpIfn k_vUnhnj\pw t]m¡phchpw Akm²yamWv. C§s\bpÅ tIkpIfn ssIamäw sN¿p¶Xv ]«mZmÀamcn Hcmfnsâ ]qÀ®amb AhImiamsW¦n X−t¸À IW¡n ]«mZmÀamcpsS ]«nIbn \n¶pw AhImi ssIamäw sNbvX Bfnsâ t]cv Hgnhm¡pIbpw ]Icw AhImiw ssIamdn In«nb Bfnsâ t]cv Iq«nt¨À¡pIbpw sN¿mhp¶XpamWv. aäv Iq«p]«mZmÀamcpsS k½Xw C¡mcy¯n\v BhiyanÃ. F¶m Iq«p]«mZmÀamÀ¡v hnhcw ImWn¨v t\m«okv \ÂtI−Xpw AhÀ¡v Bt£]sas´¦nepw DÅ ]£w BbXv ]cnKWn¡pIbpw sNt¿−XmWv. C§s\bpÅ tIkpIfn B[mc¯n ssIamäw sN¿p¶ `qanbpsS Afhpw, hnkvXrXnbpw `qanbnse InS¸pw hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡pIbpw `qan, ssIamäw sN¿p¶bmfnsâ ssIhi¯nemWv F¶ km£ys¸Sp¯Â tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«paps−¦nÂ, aäv Iq«p]«mZmÀamÀ¡v t\m«okv \ÂIn t\cn tI« tijw k_vUnhnj\pw t]m¡phchpw \nbam\pkrX A[nImcn¡v sN¿mhp¶XmWv. BbXn\v


Iq«p]«mZmÀamcpsS k½X]{Xw BhiyanÃ. DuSpIqdhImiw ssIamdp¶ thfIfn `qhnkvXrXn t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂIm³ ]mSnÃm¯Xpw AhImi¯nsâ `mKw am{Xw t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XpamWv. Cu Ahkc¯n k_vUnhnj³ kvsI¨nsâ BhiyanÃ. F¶m `qanbpsS AhIminIÄ `qan AXnÀ¯nbpw Afhpw Xncn¨v hn`Pn¡p¶ ]£w \nba]camb A[nImcس k_v Unhnj³ \S¯n t]m¡phchv sNt¿−XmWv. AXnÀ¯nbpw hnkvXrXnbpw thÀXncn¡msXbpÅ Iq«mb ssIamä§fpsS Imcy¯n FÃm AhIminIfpsSbpw t]cn Iq«mbn am{Xta t]m¡phchv sN¿m\mIq. BbXn\m AhIminIÄ Iq«mbn \nIpXn ASbv¡m\pw _m[yØcmWv. hyàamb AXnÀ¯nbpw, Afhpw, AhImihpw \nÝbn¨v hn`Pn¡p¶ ]£w Hmtcmcp¯cpsSbpw t]cn {]tXyIw k_vUnhnj³ sNbvXv t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. Hän, ]m«w apXemb C\w t]m¡phchv A\phZn¡m³ ]mSnÃ.

ssIamä§Ä¡v

hnt[bamtbm,

XmXv¡menIamtbm

t]m¡phchv \nckn¡p¶ kwKXnIfn \nckn¡p¶Xn\pÅ ImcWw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. Hcp t]m¡phchv At]£bnt·epÅ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc XlknÂZmÀ ap¼msIbpw XlknÂZmcpsS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc dh\yq UnhnjW B^okÀ ap¼msIbpw Xocpam\w ssI¸än 30 Znhk¯n\Iw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 30 Znhkw IW¡m¡p¶Xn\v D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v e`yam¡p¶Xn\v th−n h¶ kabw Hgnhmt¡−XmWv. \nÝnX XobXnbmb 30 Znhk¯n\v tijw e`n¡p¶ A¸o At]£Ifpw aXnbmb ImcWw t_m[n¸n¡pIbpw BbXv \ymbamsW¶v A¸o A[nImcn¡v t_m²yw hcpIbpw sN¿p¶ kmlNcy§fn BbXv tcJs¸Sp¯n ImeXmakw am¸m¡n kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. A¸oen\v B[mcamb D¯chnsâ kÀ«nss^Uv tIm¸nbpsS AÊ lmPcm¡m¯ Hcp A¸o At]£bpw kzoIcnt¡−XnÃ. IqSmsX A¸o Xocpam\w _m[n¡p¶ I£nIsf t\m«okv aptJ\ Adnbn¡msX Hcp A¸o A[nImcnbpw A¸o At]£bn Xocpam\w ssIs¡mÅm³ ]mSnÃ. A¸o A[nImcnbpsS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc Bt£]apÅ ]£w D¯chv XobXn apX Hcp hÀj¯n\Iw PnÃm IfÎÀ ap¼msI dnhnj³ lÀPn ^b sN¿mhp¶XmWv. F¶m A¸o kuIcyw hn\ntbmKn¡m¯ tIkpIfn PnÃm IfÎÀ dnhnj³ lÀPn kzoIcnt¡−XnÃ. XlknÂZmÀ ap¼msItbm dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ ap¼msItbm \nehnepÅ t]m¡phchv A¸o At]£, aXnbmb ImcW§fm PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v GsäSp¡p¶Xn\pw XoÀ¸v I¸n¡p¶Xn\pw A[nImcap−v. PnÃm IfÎÀ ap¼msIbpÅ t]m¡phchv tIkpIÄ aXnbmb ImcW§fm GsäSp¡p¶Xn\pw XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xn\pw em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWÀ¡v A[nImcap−mbncn¡pw. ""]«'' F¶m t]m¡phchv ]« F¶À°amIp¶p. ]« `q\nIpXn HSp¡p¶Xn\pÅ `qDSabpsS _m²yXsb am{Xta AwKoIcn¡p¶pÅq. ]«bpsS DSabmb ]«mZmÀ¡v `qanbn bmsXmchImihpw \ÂIp¶nÃ. F¶m ]«bw, ]«b¯nsâ DSabmb ]«bZmÀ¡v `qanbn ]qÀ® AhImiw \ÂIp¶p. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan `qclnXÀ¡pw aäpw `qan ]Xnhv N«§f\pkcn¨v ]Xn¨p sImSp¡pt¼mÄ kÀ¡mÀ \ÂIp¶ Hcp {]amWamWv ""]«bw''. `q]cnjv¡cW \nbaa\pkcn¨v \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡äv Hm^v ]Àt¨kpw ]«b¯nsâ \nÀhN\¯n DÄs¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. \nIpXn ]ncn¡p¶ Imcy¯n bYmkabw t]m¡phchv \S¯n X−t¸cv (]«) ]nSnt¡−Xv AXymhiyambXn\m B[mc¯nse \nkmc \yq\XIÄ ImcWw t]m¡phchv \ntj[n¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. t]m¡phchv, hkvXp AhImis¯¸änbpÅ Hchkm\ XoÀ¨bmbn KWnt¡−XnÃm¯Xpw kÀ¡mcntebv¡v CuSm¡m\pÅ `q\nIpXn Bcn \n¶pw


CuSm¡Wsa¶v Xocpam\n¡p¶Xn\pÅ Hcp D]m[nbmbn am{Xw IcptX−XpamIp¶p. hkvXp AhImis¯¸änbpÅ XÀ¡§Ä¡v knhn tImSXn apJm´ncw ]cnlmcw tXtS−XmWv. Hm¬ sse³ t]m¡phchv:þ 2011 se {Sm³kv^À Hm^v cPnkv{Sn N«§fnse N«w 3(a), (vi) F¶ t`ZKXn¡p hnt[bambmWv Hm¬sse³ B¹nt¡j³ cq]I¸\ sNbvXn«pÅXv. `mhnbnse FÃm `qhn\nab§Ä¡pw tkh\§Ä¡pw DXIp¶ coXnbn em³Uv sdt¡mÀUvkv amt\Pvsaâv knÌw X¿mdm¡pI F¶XmWv ]²Xn sIm−v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. cPnkvt{Sj³ hIp¸n Hm¬sse\mbn B[mcw cPnÌÀ sN¿pt¼mÄ Xs¶ t]m¡phchn\mhiyamb FÃm hnhc§fpw DÄs¡mÅp¶ t]m¡phchn\pÅ At]£ (^mdw 1 _n) `qan ssIamäw sN¿s¸Sp¶ hntÃPv Hm^okntebv¡v Hm¬sse\mbn e`n¡p¶p. hntÃPv B^okÀ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ hIp¸n \n¶pÅ hnhc§fpw (hkvXp hn¡p¶bmfntâbpw hm§p¶ Bfntâbpw hnhc§Ä) em³Uv sdt¡mÀUvkv hnhc§fpw Htc sh_v t]Pn e`yamIpw. hnhc§Ä ]ckv]cw s]mcp¯s¸SpIbpw {Sm³kv^À Hm^v cPnkv{Sn N«§Ä {]Imcw aäv \nbaXS椀 H¶pw Xs¶ CÃmXncn¡pIbpw sNbvXm hntÃPv B^okÀ¡v k_vUnhnj³ BhiyanÃm¯ At]£IÄ At¶ Znhkw Xs¶ t]m¡phchv sNbvXv \ÂImhp¶XmWv,. k_v Unhnj³ BhiyapÅ t]m¡phchv At]£IÄ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ ]cntim[n¨v ^b Ipdnt¸mSpIqSn XlknÂZmÀ¡v Hm¬sse\mbn Abbv¡p¶p. t]m¡phchv \S]SnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbmbn Ignªm em³Uv sdt¡mÀUvkv amt\Pvsaâv kn̯n FÃm hnhc§fpw \mfXoIcn¡pIbpw `qan ssIamdn In«p¶bmfn\v `qtcJm km£y]{Xw (sdt¡mÀUv Hm^v ssdäv) A\phZn¡pIbpw sN¿mw. Hm¬sse³ t]m¡phchv kwhn[m\w \nehn hcp¶Xn\v ap¼v \S¶Xpw F¶m t]m¡phchv sN¿m¯Xpamb ssIamä§fpw Hm¬ sse³ t]m¡phchv kwhn[m\¯neqsS t]m¡phchv sN¿mhp¶XmWv.

A²ymbwþ17

`q]cnjvIcWw 1. Dt±iye£y§Äþ tIcf kwØm\s¯ `q]cnjvIcWhpambn _Ôs¸«v ka{K \nbasa¶ \nebnemWv 1963 se tIcf `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw (1964 se H¶mw \nbaw) \nesImffp¶Xv. P·nbv¡pw IpSnbm\pw CSbnep−mbncp¶ a²yhÀ¯nIsf Hgnhm¡n ssIhi`qanbnÂv \S¸pIpSnbm\v P·mhImiw Dd¸m¡p¶ IpSnbmbva ØncX \ÂI IpSnInS¸pImc³ IpSnInS¸n\v hnt[bamb `qan hnebv¡phm§phm\pff AhImiw e`n¡p¶ IpSnInS¸v ØncX \ÂIÂ, acymZ¸m«w \nÝbn¡Â, ssIhi`qanIÄ¡v ]cn[n GÀ¸Sp¯n A[nI`qan an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¨v {]kvXpX `qan GsäSp¯v `qclnXÀ¡v hnXcWw sN¿pI F¶nhbmWv `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw {][m\ambpw e£yw hbv¡p¶Xv. \nbaw e£yw hbv¡p¶ Cu {]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¸m¡p¶Xn\v taÂv¸dª hnjb§sf ASnØm\s¸Sp¯n \nba¯nsâ Iogn ]Xns\mt¶mfw N«§Ä D−m¡nbn«p−v. `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw \S¸m¡p¶Xn Hmtcm HutZymKnI Xe¯nepw \nÀhlnt¡− NpXeIÄ AXmXv N«§fn hyàam¡nbn«p−v. CXp kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPv Xe¯n kzta[bm sNt¿−Xpw taeptZymKØ Xe§fn \n¶pff \c\nÀt±im\pkcWhpw {]hÀ¯nt¡− Imcy§Ä Xmsg¸dbp¶p. 2. IpSnbmbva tIÊpIÄþ (1) `q]cnjv¡cW \nbaw 72þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw IpSnbmbva ØncXbv¡v AÀlXs¸« hkvXp¡Ä kÀ¡mcn \njn]vXambXv \S¸v IpSnbm\v (Cultivating Tenant) ]Xn¨p \ÂIpI F¶XmWv IpSnbmbva kw_Ôn¨v \nbaw hyhØ sN¿p¶Xv. C¯cw tIkpIfpsS XoÀ¸n\v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ Xmsg ]dbp¶ Imcy§Ä IqSn ]cnKWnt¡−XmWv. F) X§fpsS hntÃPv AXnÀ¯n¡pÅn IpSnbmbva ØncX \ÂInbn«nÃm¯ hkvXp¡Ä Ds−¶dnhp In«nbm {]kvXpX hkvXp¡fpsS {]mYanI At\zjWw \S¯n IpSnbmbva ØncX \ÂIp¶Xn\v th−nbpÅ \S]SnIÄ¡mbn kzta[bm


tIkv FSp¡n¶Xnte¡v hnhcw em³Uv ss{S_yqWen dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−Xpw ""F'' t^mdw cPnÌdn cPnÌÀ sNt¿−XpamIp¶p. _n) 1þ4þ64 \v tijw ]pXnb IpSnbmbva krãn¡phm³ Ignbm¯Xn\m IpSnbmbva ØncX \ÂInbn«nÃm¯ FÃm hkvXp¡Ä¡pw kzta[bm tIskSp¡pIbpw FÃm IpSnbmbva hkvXp¡Ä¡pw ØncX \ÂIphm³ \S]Sn kzoIcnt¡−XpamWv. kn) IpSnbmbva ]n³XpSÀ¨ hgnbpw ssIamäw hgnbpw h¶p tNcp¶Xn\m bYmÀ° IpSnbmsâ (1-4-64 \v ap¼p−mbncp¶bmÄ) I¿n \n¶pw At]£Isâ ssIhiw `qan F¯n tNÀ¶Xnsâ {]amW§Ä, hntÃPv tcJIÄ F¶nh ]cntim[n¨v hnhcw dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−XmWv. Un) At]£Isâ hoSv, sI«nS§Ä aäv Nab§Ä F¶nhbps−¦n AXnsâ hnhchpw Ime¸g¡hpw dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. C) At]£I\v ]Xnhn\v Bkv]Zamb `qanbv¡v ]pdta aäv `qanbpt−msb¶pw ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv. F^v) ]m«¡pSnbmbvabpsS kz`mhw, DZmlcWw ImWw, shdpw]m«w F¶nh tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. Pn) ]m«¡pSnbmbvabpsS sXfnhntebv¡mbn At]£I³ Fs´¦nepw tcJIÄ lmPcm¡ps¶¦n BbXv dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. (DZmlcWw ]m« ckoXv) (2) IpSnbmbva ØncXbv¡Àlamb tIkpIfn BÎv 72 (kn) {]Imchpw tIcf `q]cnjvIcW (\n£n]vXam¡epw ]Xn¨p \ÂIepw) N«§Ä N«w 4 A\pkcn¨pw IpSnbmbva ØncX \evIp¶Xn\pth−n em³Uv ss{S_yqW kzta[bm \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xn\v A{]Imcapff hkvXp¡sf kw_Ôn¨v Adnhp\evIpIbpw AXp kw_Ôn¨v hntÃPv Xe¯nepff B[nImcnI hnhc§Ä em³Uv ss{S_yqWen\v ssIamdpIbpw sN¿pI hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmIp¶p. (3) em³Uv ss{S_yqWensâ tIÊpIfn B[nImcnI hnhc§Ä tiJcn¡pIbpw ]cntim[\bv¡p hnt[bam¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ \nb{]Imcapff Øm\amb A[nIrX DtZymKØ\v Bhiyamb hnhcw \ÂIpIbpw dn¡mÀUpIÄ hnhctiJcW¯n\mbn \ÂIpIbpw {]mtZinIambpff Imcy§fn klmbklIcW§Ä \ÂIpIbpw sN¿pI. (4) em³Uv ss{S_yqWÂ, A¸teäv AtXmdnän, Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUpIÄ XpS§n \nbta\bpff Øm]\§fnse A[nIrX B^okÀamÀ AS¡apff ^oÂUv DtZymKØ·mÀ¡pff HutZymKnI Bhiy¯nt·Â Bhiyamb hnhc§Ä \ÂIpI. (5) ta¸dª Øm]\§fnse A[nIrX DtZymKØ·msc IqSmsX aäv DtZymKØÀ At\zjWmÀ°w GsX¦nepw hyànbpsStbm IpSpw_§fpsStbm Øm]\§fpsStbm `qan kw_Ônt¨m hyànhnhc§Ä IpSpw_hnhc§Ä atäsX¦nepw hnhc§tfm Bhiys¸«mÂv \ÂIp¶Xn\v hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m²yØambncn¡pw. (6) `q]cnjvIcW \nba {]Imcw aX [À½ Øm]\§Ä¡v \evIp¶ hÀjmi\w (B\znän) \nÝnbn¡p¶Xn\v Bhiyamb hnhc§Ä At\zjW \nczzlW DtZymKØcv¡v \evIpI. (7) hntÃPv ]cn[nbnÂ, ]cn[nbn Ihnªv `qan DffhcpsS hnhcw {i²nbnÂs¸«m DS³Xs¶ `q]cn[ntIkv Bcw`n¡p¶Xn\mbn hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pI. (8) HutZymKnI IrXy\nÀhlW¯n `q]cn[n ewLn¡p¶ Xc¯n `qan kamlcn¡pItbm `qan hm§n¡q«n `q]cn[n hyhØIÄ ewLn¡pItbm sN¿p¶Xmbn {i²bnÂs¸SpItbm Adnhv e`n¡pItbm t_m²ys¸SpItbm sN¿p¶ ]£w {]kvXpX hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mcv«v sN¿phm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m²yØcmWv. (9) `q]cn[n tIkpIfn Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUpIfn ^b sN¿s¸Sp¶ tÌävsaâvIfn {]mYanImt\zjWmÀ°w hnhctiJcWw \S¯pt¼mÄ Bhiyamb ]cntim[\ \S¯pItbm At\zj DtZymKØs\ klmbn¡pItbm sN¿Ww. tÌävsaâv kw_Ôn¨v Xmsg¸dbp¶ Imcy§fmWv At\zjW ]cn[nbn km[mcW hcnI. F) hkvXp kw_Ôn¨ ]qÀ® hnhc§Ä _n) F¶p apX ssIhiw h¶p. kn) ]«nI II {]Imcw `qanbpsS Xcw hyàam¡Ww. Un) BÎv 85þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw 01.01.70 s\ ASnØm\s¸Sp¯n tIkv FSp¯n«pff `qanbmtWm F¶ hnhcw At\zjn¨dnªv tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv.


C) IpSpw_m§fpsS ]qÀ®hnhc§Ä P\\ XobXn klnXw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. F^v) `qan BÀÖn¨ XobXn, ImWw \S¯nbn«ps−¦n {]kvXpX hnhcw F¶nh. (10) ]cn[nbn Ihnªv `qanbpffhcpsS ]«nI ssIhi`qanbpsS hnhc§Ä klnXw X¿mdm¡pI. (11) {Um^väv tÌävsaâpw hyànKX t\m«okpw bYmkabw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw I£nIÄ¡v \S¯n aS¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (12) BÎv 85(5)(c) {]Imcapff D¯chnsâ ]IÀ¸v I£nIÄ¡v \S¯pI. (13) em³Uv ss{S_yqWÂ, Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUv, A¸teäv AtXmdnän, em³Uv t_mÀUv F¶nhnS§fn \n¶pff ka³kpIfpw t\m«okpIfpw I£nIÄ¡p \S¯pI. (14) `qan {Ibhn{Ib§fn BÎv 120 (1F) hIp¸v {]Imcw `qan hm§p¶ Bfpw hn¡p¶ Bfpw kaÀ¸n¡p {]Jym]\§Ä cPnÌd B^okdn \n¶pw e`n¡p¶Xv At\zjW DtZymKØs\¶ \nebn Xmeq¡v XlknÂZmÀ¡p e`n¡p¶Xnt·Â XlknÂZmÀ¡pth−n {]kvXpX {]Jym]\¯nepff hkvXp¡fpw \nehnepff hkvXp¡fpsS hnhchpw Dfvs¸sS ]cn[nbn IqSpXemIp¶ kmlNcy¯n BbXv dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿phm³ _m²yØamWv. (15) an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸« `qan GsäSp¡p¶Xn hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ]¦v {]m[m\yapffXmWv. GsäSp¡p¶ coXnsb Ahew_n¨v N«{]Imcapf t^md§Ä X¿mdm¡pIbpw IrXyXbpff km£nIfm km£ys¸Sp¯pIbpw sNt¿−XmWv. (16) GsäSp¡p¶ `qanbpsS Xcw tIcf `q]cnjvIcW \nba¯nse ]«nI IV {]Imcw tcJs¸Sp¯pI. (17) an¨`qan hnXcW¯n\mbn ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ hnÚm]\ {]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifnt·Â hyàambn At\zjWw \S¯pI. (18) `q]cn[n tIÊpIfn GsäSp¡p¶ `qan¡v `qDSabv¡pv \ã{]Xn^ew \ÂIp¶Xn\v X¿mdm¡p¶ \ã{]Xn^e ]«nI I£nIfv¡v \S¯pIbpw {]kn²s¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿pI. (19) `q]cnjvIcWw \S¸m¡nbXp ImcWw `qan \ãs¸« AhiX A\p`hn¡p¶ P·namcv¡v kÀ¡mÀ \ÂIp¶ s]³j³ kw_Ôn¨ At]£bnt·Â icnbmb At\zjWw \S¯pI. (20) ]p\c[nhmk^−v, IpSnInS¸pImÀ, _\n^näv ^−v F¶nhbpsS ASnØm\¯nepff t£a{]hÀ¯\§fn XlknÂZmÀ¡p th−n {]hÀ¯n¡pI. (21) 81(1) hIp¸v {]Imcw Cfhv A\phZn¡p¶ `qan ssIhi¡mc³ Xcw amäp¶pt−msb¶v ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw A{]Imcw t_m[ys¸«m BbXv Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUns\ Adnbn¡p¶Xn\mbn XlknÂZmÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂIpI. IqSmsX Cu hIp¸v {]Imcw Cfhv e`n¨ `qanIfpsS Hcp tUä X¿mdm¡n kq£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. (22) an¨`qanbmbn GsäSp¯Xpw F¶m ]Xnhn\v tbmKyaÃm¯Xpamb `qan s]mXp Bhiy ¯n¡v amän hbv¡p¶Xn\pff \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mffpIbpw kÀ¡mÀ `qan kwc£n¡p¶ amXrIbn kwc£n¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 3. an¨`qan GsäSp¡Âþ tIcf `q]cnjvIcW \nbaw 85(5)(kn) hIp¸v {]Imcw an¨`qan \nÝbn¨psIm−v koenwKv tIÊn D¯chp ]pds¸Sphn¨pIgnªm an¨`qan GsäSp¡pI F¶Xv XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXebnÂs¸« ImcyamWv. AXpsIm−pXs¶ hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ¡v hfsc henb Øm\w GsäSp¡en D−v. D¯chn Xs¶ an¨`qan FÃm _m²yXIfn \n¶pw hnSphn¨XmsW¶pw Ggv Znhk¯n\Iw GsäSp¡Wsa¶pw ]dªn«p−mIpw. `q]cnjvIcW (]cn[n) N«§Ä 17 apXev 24 hscbpff N«§Ä CXp kw_Ôn¨v hnhcn¡p¶p. an¨`qan GsäSp¡Â aq¶phn[¯nep−v F¶v s]mXpsh ImWmhp¶XmWv. (F) Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUnsâ 85(5)(kn) {]Imcapff D¯chns\ XpSÀ¶v GsäSp¡Â DtZymKØ\v hn«psImSp¡pIbpw A[nImcs¸« DtZymKØÀ GsäSp¡pIbpw sN¿pI.


(_n) Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUnsâ D¯chp {]Imcw an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸« Øew hn«psImSp¡phm³ `qDSa hnk½Xn¡p¶ ]£w A[nImcs¸« DtZymKس kzta[bm GsäSp¡pI. (kn) `q]cn[ntIkn\v Bkv]Zambn `qDSa Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUn kaÀ¸n¡p¶ tÌävsaânt\msSm¸w A\I-vkcv J II-ev tNcv¡s¸Sp¶Xpw an¨`qanbmbn kzbw hn«psImSp¡phm\v k½Xn¨Xpamb `qan D¯chn\v ap¼pXs¶ CS¡me GsäSp¡ev. Cu aq¶v coXnbnepapff GsäSp¡en\pw hntÃPv B^okdpsS ]Zhnbnev Xmcm¯ Hcp DtZymKØs\ NpaXes¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpw Hmtcm GsäSp¡en\pw \ncv±nã t^md§fv DffXpw AXnev {]kà hnhc§fv tNcvt¡−XpamWv. 4. kzta[bm hn«psImSp¡p¶Xnev GsäSp¡Âþ `q]cn[n tIÊnse D¯chns\ XpScv¶v Xmeq¡v em\vUv t_mcvUv GsäSpt¡− `qanbpsS hnhc§fv tNcv¯psIm−v `qan CXn\mbn NpaXes¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKØ\v hn«p\evIWsa¶p \ncvt±in¨v UnI-vkdâv `qDSa / AÊÊn t]cv¡v t^mdw \¼cv 9þev Hcp Unamâv t\m«okv \evIp¶p. AtXmsSm¸w `qan GsäSp¡phm\v \ntbmKn¡s¸« DtZymKØ\v t^mdw \¼cv 10þev Hcp A[nImc]{Xhpw \evIp¶p. `qan hn«psImSp¡p¶ Bfpw A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKØ\pw Ignbp¶Xpw Xt±inbcpw Abev¡mcpamb c−v km£nIfpw GsäSpt¡− `qanbnev {]thin¨v GsäSp¯psIm−v Hcp alÊcv X¿mdmt¡−Xpw AbezmknIfpw DtZymKØ·mcpw H¸v tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. Bhiysa¦nev `qanbpsS InS¸v ImWn¡p¶ kvsI¨v X¿mdmt¡−Xpw GsäSp¡ev DtZymKØ\v H¸phbvt¡−XpamIp¶p. AtXmsSm¸w `qan hn«psImSp¯p F¶pw GsäSp¯p F¶Xn\pw Hcp kXy{]kvXmh\ t^mdw \¼cv 11þev X¿mdmt¡−Xpw `qan hn«psImSp¯p F¶Xn\v `qDSa H¸v tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw alÊdnev H¸n«v km£nIfv Xs¶ Cu t^md¯nepw H¸ptcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw I£nbpw km£nIfpw Fsâ ap¼msI h¨p H¸ph¨p F¶v GsäSp¡ev B^okcv \ncv±nã Øm\¯v H¸v h¨v km£ns¸Spt¯−XpamWv. IqSmsX ssIhihpw DSamhImihptam c−pwIqSntbm I£n hn«p \evInsb¶pw hn«p\evInb ssIhihpw DSamhImihpw kcv¡mcn\v th−n GsäSp¯p F¶pw GsäSp¡ev DtZymKØ\v Hcp ]pds¯gp¯v \S¯n t]cpw H¸pw tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw tasem¸v hbv¡p¶Xn\mbn XlknevZmcv¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XpamWv. Ipdn¸v :þ GsäSpt¡− `qanbnev A\[nIrX ssIhi¡mtcm ssIt¿ä¡mtcm Ds−¦nev Ahsc bpàamb coXnbnev Hgn¸n¨ tijta GsäSp¡ev \S¯mhpw 5. `qan hn«psImSp¡phm\v hnʽXn¡p¶]£w GsäSp¡Âþ 9þmw \¼cv t^md¯nev Unamâv t\m«okv \evInb tijw `qan hn«psImSp¡phm\v X¿mdmIm¯ ]£w `qanbnev A\[IrX ssIhi¡mtcm ssIt¿ä¡mtcm Ds−¦nev Ahsc bpàambn coXnbnev Hgn¸n¨ tijw `qanbpsS DSaØmhImtim ssIhitam c−pIqSntbm AXmXv kwKXn t]mfw ssIhitam DSaØXtbm GsäSp¯psIm−v Hcp alÊcv X¿mdmt¡−Xpw Ignbp¶Xpw Abev¡mcmb c−p km£nIfv H¸p hbvt¡−XpamIp¶p. Bhiysa¦nev GsäSp¯ `qanbpsS kvsI¨v X¿mdmt¡−XpamWv. `qan GsäSp¯psIm−v t^mdw \¼cv 12þev GsäSp¡ev DtZymKØ\v Hcp kcv«n^n¡äv X¿mdmt¡−Xpw hkvXphnhc§fv \ncv±nã Øe§fnev tNcvt¡−Xpw alÊdnev H¸ph¨ km£nIfvXs¶ t^md¯nse \ncv±nã Øm\§fnev t]cpw taeznemkhpw tNcv¯v H¸phbvt¡−Xpw GsäSp¡ev DtZymKØ\v H¸p tcJs¸Sp¯n t^mdw XlknevZmcv¡v tasem¸v hbv¡p¶Xn\mbn kacv¸nt¡−XpamWv. 6. CS¡me GsäSp¡evþ 85(2), 85(F), 87(1F) XpS§nb hIp¸pIfv {]Imcw `q]cn[n tIkv kw_Ôn¨v Xmeq¡v em\vUv t_mcvUv ap¼msI ^bev sNbvX tÌävsaânev A\I-vkcv J 11-ev tcJs¸Sp¯s¸«Xpw an¨`qanbmbn hn«psImSp¡phm\v k¶²X Adnbn¨Xpamb `qan GsäSp¡p¶Xn\v t^mdw \¼cv 13þev Un¢dân\v Hcp Adnbn¸v \evInb tijw GsäSp¡mhp¶XmWv. A{]Imcw GsäSp¡p¶Xn\v alÊcv X¿mcmt¡−Xpw Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw Abev¡mcmb c−v I£nIfv alÊdnev H¸ptcJs¸Spt¯−XpamIp¶p. alÊcv X¿mdm¡n GsäSp¯Xn\v t^mdw \¼cv 14þev Hcp {]Jym]\w X¿mdm¡n alÊdnev H¸ph¨ km£nIfv Xs¶ {]Jym]\¯nepw H¸ph¨v GsäSp¡ev DtZymKØ\pw H¸ptcJs¸Sp¯n XlknevZmcv¡v tasem¸v hbv¡p¶Xn\v \evtI−XmWv. kzta[bm


hn«psImSp¡p¶XmIbmev Un¢dânsâ H¸v Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw {]Jym]\¯nev tcJs¸Sp¯phm\v GsäSp¡ev DtZymKØ\v {iant¡−Xpw X¿mdmIp¶ ]£w BbXv tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNt¿−XmIp¶p. 7. an¨`qan GsäSp¡epambn _Ôs¸«v hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ {i²nt¡− kwKXnIÄþ an¨`qan GsäSp¡en\v \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶Xv an¡hmdpw hntÃPv B^okÀ Xs¶ BIbmepw `qan kw_Ôn¨ ASnØm\ hnhc§Ä hntÃPv Xe¯n BIbmepw GsäSp¡Â \S]SnIfn Nne Imcy§Ä {]tXyIw {i²nt¡−XmWv. 1. `qan GsäSp¡p¶ XobXn hfsc {]kàamIbm BbXv IrXyambn tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. hntÃPv tcJIfn amäw hcp¯Â, \ã{]Xn^ew \evIp¶Xv XpS§n Ht«sd Imcy§Ä CXpambn _Ôs¸«pffXn\m XobXn {]kàamWv. 2. `qanbpsS ]gbXpw ]pXnbXpamb kÀtÆ \¼À k_vUnhnj³ F¶nh IrXyambn tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw hnkvXoÀ®w G¡À skân tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿Ww. `qanbpsS Øm\w ImWn¡p¶ Hcp semt¡j³ hnhcWw Ab hkvXp¡fpsS hnhc§Ä, \mfXv hkvXphnsâ InS¸pw ØnXnbpw alÊdn ]cmaÀin¡Ww. F¶m hkvXphnsâ Xcw ]«nI IV- ]dbp¶ GXp hn`mK¯n hcptam AXp am{Xta tNÀ¡mhq. \ã{]Xn^ew \ÂIp¶Xv CXnsâ ASnØm\¯nemIbm ]«nI IV {]ImcapffXv Xs¶ tNÀt¡−XmWv. 3. GsäSpt¡− `qan Hcp kÀtÆ \¼cnsâtbm k_vUnhnj³ \¼cnsâtbm `mKambncn¡pIbpw A§s\bpff `mKw kvsI¨nsâ klmbw IqSmsX Xncn¨dnbphm³ IgnbmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ kµÀ`§fn am{Xw Øe¯nsâ Øm\w ImWn¡p¶ kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡nbm aXnbmhpw. F¦nepw bpàamb coXnbn kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\v XSÊanÃ. 4. `qanbnse IpSnInS¸pImÀ aäpv ssIhi¡mcps−¦n AhÀ hoSpsh¨p Xmakn¡p¶ ]£w AhtcmSpIqSn ssIhiw FSp¡p¶ ]£w hoSv, tZlÞ§Ä, Nab§Ä FÃmw hyàambn alÊdn tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. 5. GsäSp¯Xpw hnXcWw sNbvXXpamb an¨`qan kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌdpIÄ X¿mdm¡n kq£n¡p¶Xn\pw hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. 8. 7E \nbat`ZKXn {]Imcapff tIÊpIÄþ 01.04.1964þ\v tijw an¨`qanbmbmsW¶dnbmsX an¨`qanbmbn {]Jym]n¡s¸«tXm, `q]cn[ntIkv \S]SnIfncn¡p¶tXm Bb tIÊpIfnÂs¸« hkvXp¡fv hnesImSp¯p hm§n I_fn¸n¡s¸«hcpsS `qanIfv 2005 se \nbat`ZKXnbneqsS IpSnbm·mcmbn ]cnKWn¡phm\v hyhØ sN¿p¶p−v. A¯cw tIÊpIfnev \nbaw hyàam¡p¶ Xc¯nepff `qanbmsW¶pd¸p hcp¯ntb \S]SnIfv kzoIcn¡mhq. 9. koenwKv tIÊpIfnt·epff \S]SnIÄþ 87(1F) {]ImcapffXpw 01.01.1970þ\v tijapffXpamb tIÊpIfnemWv tÌävsaâv ^b sN¿p¶Xv. AXn\m hkvXp¡fpsS hnhc§fn BÀPn¨ XobXn hyàambn ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv. tIsÊSp¡p¶ \nÀ®mbI XobXnbnepff IpSpw_w F¶Xv ]cnKWnt¡−XmWv. koenwKv tÌävsaâpIfnt·Â hkvXphnhcw, IpSpw_ hnhc§Ä, Cfhv \ÂImhp¶ hkvXp¡Ä XpS§n FÃm hnhc§fpw At\zjn¡p¶Xn\v Xmeq¡v em³Uv t_mÀUnse A[nIrX B^okÀ DffXn\m hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ t\cn«v At\zjWw \St¯− kmlNcyanÃ. F¶m A\[nIrX B^okdpsS At\zjW ]cntim[\bn Bhiyamb klmbw \ÂIphm³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m²yØcmWv. koenwKv tIkpIfn AXmXv Xmeq¡pIÄ¡v shfnbnepff hkvXp¡fpsS hnhcw XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\bmWv At\zjn¡p¶Xv F¶Xn\mev A{]Imcapff At\zjW§fv XlknevZmcv¡pth−n hntÃPm^okcv \St¯−nhcpw A§s\bpff kµÀ`§fn hkvXp¡sf¡pdn¨v hyàambt\zjn¨v dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂtI−XmWv. C§s\bpff \S]SnIfn 6 BgvN F¶ Hcp kab]cn[n DffXn\m kab]cn[n¡Iw dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ \ÂIphm³ {i²nt¡−XmWv.

A²ymbwþ18

`qan hns«mgnbepw A\yw\n¸pw


(F) `qan hns«mgnb 1. `qan hns«mgnbÂþ (1) dh\yq tcJIÄ {]ImcapÅ `qanbpsS GsXmcp cPntÌÀUv ssIhi¡mc\pw Xsâ DSaØXbnepÅ `qanIÄ ]qÀ®amtbm, `mKnIamtbm kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn {]Xn^ew IqSmsXbpw \ncp]m[nIambpw hns«mgnbmhp¶XmWv. C{]Imcw `qhpSaIÄ hns«mgnbp¶ `qanbn kÀ¡mcn\p \nba]camb AhImiw kn²n¡p¶Xnte¡mbn \S¸nem¡nbn«pÅ \nbaamWv 1958 se tIcf `qan hns«mgnb \nbaw. (2) `qan C{]Imcw hns«mgnbm³ Ignbp¶Xv kÀ¡mcnte¡v am{XamWv. Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä F¶Xv ‘kÀ¡mÀ’ F¶ kwÚbpsS \nÀÆN\¯nÂs¸Sm¯Xn\m Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä t]cn Cu \nba {]Imcw `qan hns«mgnªv \ÂIm³ IgnbnÃ. C¯cw Ahkc§fn kÀ¡mcnte¡v `qan hns«mgnbpIbpw XpSÀ¶v Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fpsS t]cnte¡v `qan ssIamä \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pIbpamWv th−Xv. 2. `qan hns«mgnbp¶Xn\pff \S]Sn{Iawþ Xsâ ssIhi¯nepÅXpw _m²yXIfnÃm¯Xpamb `qanbmWv HcmÄ¡v hns«mgnbm\mhpI. CXntebv¡mbn `qhpSa t^mdwþF bnepÅ At]£ t\cnt«m X]m aptJ\tbm dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ¡p kaÀ¸nt¡−XmIp¶p. dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ {]kvXpX At]£ At\zjW¯n\pw dnt¸mÀ«n\pambn XlknÂZmÀ¡pw XlknÂZmÀ BbXv hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡pw ssIamdp¶XpamWv. {]kvXpX At]£bn `qhpSabpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw, hntÃPnsâ t]cv, ssIhi `qanbpsS BsI hnkvXoÀ®hpw hns«mgnbp¶ {]tZi¯nsâ hnkvXoÀ®hpw, `q\nIpXn, F´mhiy¯nte¡mbn hns«mgnbp¶p F¶o hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅn¨ncnt¡−Xpw, \n_Ô\Itfm D]m[nItfm DÄs¡mÅn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XpamWv. C{]Imcw hns«mgnbp¶Xntebv¡mbn `qhpSa kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£bn tImÀ«v ^okv BÎv {]ImcapÅ Ìm¼v ]Xnt¡−XnÃm¯XmWv. (N«w 3 \p IognepÅ Ipdn¸v ImWpI) 3. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS IÀ¯hy§Äþ (1) XlknÂZmcn \n¶pw At]£ ssIamdn e`n¨mepS³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ `qan ]cntim[n¨v AXnsâ Hcp sajÀsaâv kvsI¨v, hns«mgnbp¶ `qanbn tZlÞ§fpÅ ]£w BbXnsâ hnhc§fpw hns«mgnbp¶Xmb `qanbpsS FepIIfpw tNÀ¯pÅ alÊÀ, hniZamb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«v, t^mdwþ_n bnepÅ Hcp Un¢tdj³ F¶nh X¿mdmt¡−XmWv. t^mdw _n bnepÅ Un¢tdj\n At]£I³ AYhm/At]£I³ bYmhn[n A[nImcs¸Sp¯nb GPâv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsSbpw c−v XSÊÀamcpsSbpw km¶n²y¯n H¸v hbvt¡−Xpw, BbXv hntÃPv Hm^okdpw XSÊÀamcpw km£ys¸Spt¯−XpamWv. (2) hntÃPv Hm^okÀ dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ NphsS tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶h kw_Ôamb hkvXpXIÄ \nÀ_Ôambpw DÄs¡mÅn¨ncn¡Ww. (i) At]£bn hywKytam {]IStam Bbn DÄs¡mÅn¨n«pÅ hyhØIsf kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä. (ii) J\\w aqetam aäp {]hÀ¯\§fmtem `qan D]tbmKiq\yamtWm F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä (iii) At]£I\v `qanbnse AhImiw kw_Ôn¨v Fs´¦nepw \yq\XIfps−¦n BbXnsâ hnhc§Ä. (iv) `qan KXmKXtbmKyamtWm F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä. (v) `qanbn GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ _m²yXItfm IpSnÈnIItfm, tImÀ«v P]vXntbm \ne\n¡p¶pt−m F¶Xv kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä. (3) Sn hnhc§Ä DÄt¡mÅp¶ dnt¸mÀ«ns\m¸w X−t¸À IW¡v, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ, skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ F¶nhbpsS km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸pIfpw DÅS¡w sNt¿−XmWv.


4. hns«mgnª `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä ]pdt¼m¡v cPnÌdn DÄs¸Sp¯Wsa¶vþ hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«v XlknÂZmÀ hgn e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ, {]kvXpX hns«mgnb kw_Ôambn BÀs¡¦nepw At£]§tfm, AhImihmZ§tfm DÅ ]£w Bbh t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xn\v \nÀt±in¨psIm−v t^mdwþkn bn Hcp t\m«okv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. XpSÀ¶v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {]kvXpX t\m«okv hns«mgnbm\pt±in¡p¶ Øe¯pw hntÃPv Hm^okv t\m«okv t_mÀUnepw bYmhn[n ]ckys¸Spt¯−XmWv. t^mdw kn bnepÅ t\m«okv dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^oknsebpw Xmeqt¡m^oknsebpw t\m«okv t_mÀUpIfnepw ]ckys¸Spt¯−Xp−v. `qan hns«mgnb AwKoIcn¨psIm−v dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ ]£w XlknÂZmÀ {]kvXpX `qan ssIhi¯nseSpt¡−Xpw `q\nIpXnbn \nÀ¯Â/Ipdhv A\phZn¨psIm−v D¯chv ]mkmt¡−XpamWv. CtX XpSÀ¶v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ X−t¸À A¡u−n Bhiyamb Ipdhp hcpt¯−Xpw hns«mgnª `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä CXnte¡mbn kq£n¨n«pÅ {]tXyI cPnÌdnepw ]pdt¼m¡v cPnÌdnepw DÄs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. `qan hns«mgnb AwKoIcn¨n«pÅ kwKXnbn cPntÌÀUv DSabpsS DSaØmhImi§fpw asäÃm AhImi_Ô§fpw DÄs¸sSbpÅ FÃm _m²yXIfn \n¶pw apàambn {]kvXpX `qan kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXamIp¶XmWv.

(_n) A\yw\n¸v tIkpIÄ 1. PwKa§tfm Ømhc§tfm Dff Hcp hyàn acWimk\w FgpXn hbv¡msXbpw \nbam\pkrX AhIminIÄ CÃmsXbpw acWaSªm Snbmsâ FÃm ØmhcPwKa kz¯p¡fpw A\y\n¶ kz¯p¡fmIpIbpw Bbh kÀ¡mcn \n£n]vXamIpIbpw sN¿pw. PwKa§tfm Ømhc§tfm Dff Hcp hyàn acWimk\w FgpXn hbv¡msXbpw \nbam\pkrXamb AhIminIÄ CÃmsXbpw acWaSªm hnhcw DSs\ PnÃmIfÎÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«v e`n¨mepS³ Xs¶ Hcp {]mYanImt\zjWw \S¯m³ PnÃmIfÎÀ XlknÂZmÀ¡v \nÀtZiw \ÂIWw. XlknÂZmcpsS At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«n acWaSª hyàn GsX¦nepw Hky¯v FgpXn h¨n«pt−m F¶pw AbmÄ¡v \nbam\pkrXamb AhIminIÄ Bsc¦nepw Dt−m F¶pw hyàamt¡−XmWv. IqSmsX acWaSªbmfnsâ ØmhcPwKa hkvXp¡fpsS hnhc§fpw dnt¸mÀ«n DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. 2. XlknÂZmcpsS {]mYanImt\zjW dnt¸mÀ«n \n¶pw {]YaZrãym Hcp A\yw \n¸v tIkps−¶v t_m²yamIp¶ ]£w PnÃmIfÎÀ, Sn hkvXp¡fn BÀs¡¦nepw AhImiaps−¦n BbXv sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJIfpambn 6 amk¯n\pffn t\cn lmPcmIm³ \nÀt±in¨v Kkän ]ckyw sNt¿−XmWv. \nÝnX XobXn¡pffn e`nbv¡p¶ Bt£]§Ä ]cntim[n¨v PnÃm IfÎÀ DNnXamb Xocpam\w ssIs¡mffWw. PnÃm IfÎdpsS Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc em³Uv dh\yq I½njWÀ ap¼msI t\m«okv XobXn apX aq¶v amk¯n\Iw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶Xpw A¸o At]£bn³ta em³Uv dh\yq I½njWÀ ssIs¡mÅp¶ Xocpam\¯ns\Xnsc Bt£]apff ]£w D¯chv ssI¸änb XobXn apX 60 Znhk¯n\Iw kÀ¡mÀ ap¼msI dnhnj³ kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XpamWv. 3. tIcf Fk FkvNoävkv Bâv t^mÀ^ot¨gvkv \S]SnIÄs¡Xnsc knhn tImSXnsb I£nIÄ¡p−mbncn¡pw. (sk£³.11)

BÎv 1964 {]Imcw kzoIcn¡p¶ kao]n¡p¶Xn\pff AhImiw

4. sk£³ 11 {]Imcapff Hcp tIkv \nehneps−¦n BbXnsâ A´na XoÀ¸n\p hnt[bambn am{Xta `qan GsäSp¡p¶Xv kw_Ôn¨v PnÃm IfÎÀ A´na D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡m³ ]mSpffq.


5. GsäSp¡p¶ PwKahkvXp¡Ä \nbam\pkrXw s]mXpteew \S¯n hnÂt¡−Xpw XpI kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhntebv¡v apX Iqt«−XpamWv. F¶m ØmhchkvXp¡fpsS Imcy¯n tIcf em³Uv Assk³saâv BÎv 1960 {]Imcapff \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡Ww. 6. sk£³ 10 {]Imcw PnÃm IfÎÀ GsäSp¡p¶ `qan hntÃPv Hm^okdptStbm PnÃm IfÎÀ A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶ atäsX¦nepw Hm^okdptStbm t\cn«pff ]cn]me\¯n\v tcJmaqew G¸nt¡−Xpw A¯c¯n A[nImcs¸Sp¯n In«p¶ DtZymKس (amt\PÀ) {]kvXpX `qansb kw_Ôn¨ Hcp hniZamb hkvXp hnhc ]«nI X¿mdm¡n PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. amt\PÀ¡v hkvXp hnhc ]«nI X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\mbn hkvXphnsâ GXv `mK¯pw {]thin¡p¶Xn\v A[nImcap−mbncn¡Ww. amt\PÀ X¿mdm¡nb hkvXp hnhc ]«nI Hcp Npcp¡ dnt¸mÀ«v klnXw PnÃm IfÎÀ em³Uv dh\yq I½njWÀ¡pw kÀ¡mcn\pw Adnhnte¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡Ww. hkvXp hIIÄ kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pff IrXyamb IW¡pIÄ amt\PÀ PnÃmIfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. A\yw \n¶ tIkpIfpsS hnhc§Ä hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A\yw\n¸v cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£nt¡−XmWv.

A²ymbwþ19

`qan ssIamäw kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pIÄ X½n Nne kmlNcy§fn `qan ssIamtd−n hcmdp−v. tkh\ hIp¸pIÄ¡v kuP\yamtbm tkht\Xc hIp¸pIÄ¡v It¼mf hne CuSm¡ns¡mt−m `qan ssIamdp¶Xn\v, hnhn[ kÀ¡mÀ D¯chpIfneqsS CXp kw_Ôn¨ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä hyhØ sNbvXn«p−v. hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn `qan BhiyapÅ kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸v, {]kvXpX `qan ssIhiapÅ hIp¸nsâ PnÃm A[nImcnbpambn _Ôs¸«v `qan ssIamdn¡n«p¶Xn\pÅ k½Xw e`yam¡nbXn\p tijw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v At]£ \ÂIpIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv. CXn³taepÅ hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸nt¡− D¯chmZn¯amWv hntÃPm^okÀ¡pÅXv. GXp ]²Xn¡mtWm `qan BhiyapÅXv, {]kvXpX ]²Xn¡v Bhiyamb Gähpw Npcp§nb hnkvXoÀ®¯nepÅ `qan ssIamdp¶Xn\p th−n `qanbpsS C\w, Xcw, kÀsÆ \¼À, hnkvXoÀ®w XpS§nb FÃm hnhc§fpaS§p¶ alÊÀ, ssIamdm³ ip]mÀi sN¿s¸Sp¶ Øe¯nsâ kvsI¨v, hne\nÀ®b dnt¸mÀ«v F¶nh IqSmsX 17/10/12 se K260467/12 {]ImcapÅ sN¡v enÌv F¶nhbpsS \mep {]XnIÄ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ XlkoÂZmÀ¡v Ab¨p sImSpt¡−XmWv. C{]Imcw tkh\ hIp¸pIÄ¡v `qan ssIamdn¡gnªXn\p tijhpw `qanbpsS DSaØX dh\yq hIp¸n Xs¶ \ne\n¡pw F¶Xn\m Cu `qanbn³taepÅ It¿äw XSbm³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ _m²yØ\mWv.

A²ymbwþ20

`qan GsäSp¡Â 180. kzImcy `qan s]mXp Bhiy§Ä¡pth−n s]m¶pw hnebv¡v FSp¡p¶Xn\v 1961 se tIcf em³Uv AIznknj³ BÎv Kh¬saâns\ A[nImcs¸Sp¯p¶p. s]mXp Bhiyw ap³\nÀ¯n GsX¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸n\pth−ntbm GsX¦nepw Ip¸nWn (I¼\n) ¡p th−ntbm kzImcy `qan s]m¶pwhnebv¡v FSp¡mhp¶XmWv. ]©mb¯v, ap\nkn¸menän, XpS§nb Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä¡v th−nbpw, tImÀ¸tdj³, Atkmkntbj³ XpS§nb AÀ²kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§Ät¡m, kzImcy Øm]\§Ät¡m th−nbpw kzImcy `qan s]m¶pw hnebvs¡Sp¡m³ s]m¶pwhne \nba¯n hyhØIfp−v. F¶m Hcp kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸nsâ A[o\XbnepÅ `qan asämcp kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸nsâ Bhiy¯n\pth−n


FSp¡p¶Xnt\m kÀ¡mÀ hI `qan GsX¦nepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\¯n\v ssIamä¯nt\m s]m¶pwhne \nbaw _m[Iam¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbpw {]mtZinI kanXn (tem¡Ât_mUn) bn \n£n]vXambn«pÅ tdmUv, hgn F¶nhbpw s]m¶pwhne \S]SnIfn \n¶pw Hgnhmt¡−XmWv. ]©mb¯ntem, ap\nkn¸menänbntem \n£n]vXambn«pÅ tdmUv, hgn F¶nh s]m¶pw hnebv¡v FSpt¡−n h¶m BZyambn Ah ]©mb¯v/ap\nkn¸menän BÎnsâ ]cn[nbn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡m³ \S]SnIsfSpt¡−XmWv. 181. `qan s]m¶pw hnebvs¡Sp¡p¶ tPmenbn hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ A\pjvTnt¡− IÀ¯hy§Ä:þ s]m¶pw hnebv¡v Bkv]Zamb hkvXp Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯n icnbmb hnkvXoÀ®¯n\v kvsI¨pw, alkdpw X¿mdm¡n s]m¶pwhne B^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¡pI. hkvXp Af¶v Xn«s¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ ImWp¶ hnkvXoÀ®hpw ]«bw A\pkcn¨pÅ s]m¶pwhne hkvXphnsâ hnkvXoÀ®hpw X½n hyXymkw ImWp¶ ]£w kq£vaamb hnkvXoÀ®¯ns\ Bkv]Zam¡nbmWv dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡−Xv. s]m¶pwhne DtZymKØ\v kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«nt\msSm¸w skänÂsaâv (AS¦Â) cPnÌdnsâbpw `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnsâbpw FI-vkv{SmIväv DÅS¡w sNt¿−XmWv. Øew s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡p¶Xn\v th−nbpÅ {]mcw` hnÚm]\w {]kn²s¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ DÅ `qanbpsS InS¸pw AXnepÅ tZl−§fpsS hnhc§fpw IrXyambn {Kln¡pI F¶pÅXmWtÃm alkdnsâ Dt±iw. AXn\m alkÀ shdpw Hcp hkvXphnhc ]«nI am{Xasöpw hkvXphns\bpw AXnehpÅ Nab§sfbpw kw_Ôn¨pÅ FÃm hnhc§fpw alkdn AS§nbncn¡Wsa¶pw hntÃPv DtZymKسamÀ Adnªncnt¡−XmWv. 182. alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶Xn {i²nt¡− Imcy§Ä alkdn hkvXphnsâ C\w, hnkvXoÀ®w, InS¸v AXnse tZlÞ§Ä F¶o hnhc§fpw hkvXp ap³Iqdmbn ssIhiw FSp¯n«ps−¦n A{]Imcw ssIhiw FSp¯ XobXnbpw tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. 183. s]m¶pwhne hkvXphnsâ Øm\w, InS¸v F¶nhsb¸än alkdn tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ hnhc§Ä {Kq¸v kvsI¨pambn ]ckv]c _ÔapÅhbmbncn¡Ww. hkvXphnsâ hnhc§sf¡pdn¨v {]Xn]mZn¡pt¼mÄ hkvXphnsâ kao]{]tZi¯pÅ tdmUv, s]mXphgn, s]mXp Øm]\§Ä F¶nhbpsS hnhc§Ä IrXyambn tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. s]m¶pwhne hkvXphn \n¶pw kao] {]tZi¯pÅ s]mXp Øm]\§fntebv¡pw tdmUnte¡papÅ Zqcw alkdn tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xpw {Kq¸v kvsI¨n amÀ¡v sN¿p¶Xpw X½n hyXymks¸Sm³ ]mSnÃ. KXmKX kuIcyapÅ tdmUpw s]m¶pwhne hkvXphpw X½nepÅ kmao]ys¯¡pdn¨pw tdmUn \n¶pw s]m¶pwhne hkvXphntebv¡pÅ {]thi\ kuIcy§sf¡pdn¨pw alkdn {]tXyIw {]Xn]mZnt¡−XmWv. s]m¶pwhne hkvXphnepÅ C\w Xncn¨pÅ hr£§Ä, AhbpsS {]mbw, s]m¡w F¶nhbpw, sI«nS§Ä, aXnÂ, InWÀ, then XpS§nb aäp ]Wn¸mSpIfpsS hnhc§fpw alkdn DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. hkvXphnsâ C\w, Xcw, InS¸v \S¸hImiw hkvXp DSabpsSbpw, ssIhi¡mcsâbpw aäp XXv¸cI£nIfpsSbpw t]cphnhc§Ä F¶nh alkdn Bhiyw tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. alkÀ c−v XSØscs¡m−v km£ys¸Sp¯pIbpw alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKس XobXn h¨v Is¿m¸v tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. XSØcpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw tcJs¸Sp¯m³ hogvN hcp¯cpXv. 184. 1) IqSpX {]Xn^e¯n\p th−n tImSXnIfntebv¡v sd^À sN¿p¶ s]m¶pwhne tIkpIfn Kh¬saânsâ Xm¸cyw kwc£n¡m\pXIp¶ {][m\s¸« Hcp tcJmaqew sXfnhmWv alkÀ. alkdnsâ ]IÀ¸v I£n¡p \ÂIm¯nSt¯mfw Imew Cu sXfnhv Ah\v _m[IamIp¶nÃ. AXn\m s]m¶pwhne DtZymKس ]cntim[n¨p Ignªm DS³ Xs¶ At±lw km£ys¸Sp¯nb alkdnsâ Hcp ]IÀ¸v X¸cI£nbv¡v \ÂIpIbpw BbXntebv¡v AbmfpsS k½X]{Xw hm§pIbpw thWw. 2) s]m¶pwhne \nÝbn¡p¶Xn\v ASnØm\ambn sXscsªSp¯n«pÅ kao]hkvXp¡fpsSbpw s]m¶pwhne hkvXphnsâbpw InS¸p ImWn¡p¶ {Kq¸v kvsI¨v X¿mdm¡n kaÀ¸n¡pI. 3) s]m¶pwhne hkvXphn GsX¦nepw P]vXn, Pmayw, IS _m²yX F¶nhbpÅ ]£w s]m¶pwhne DtZymKØs\ [cn¸n¡pI.


4) s]m¶pwhne tIkn\mhiyamb sXfnhpIÄ \ÂIpI. 5) s]m¶pwhne XlknÂZmcpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWw _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ¡v t\m«okv \S¯pI. 6) s]m¶phne hm§m³ AÀlXbpÅ hkvXp DSabpsS Is¿m¸v km£ys¸Sp¯pI, s]m¶pwhne hm§m³ lmPcmIp¶Xv hkvXp DSabpsS apàymÀImc\msW¦n Abmsf¸än At\zjWw \S¯n AbmfpsS Is¿m¸v km£ys¸Sp¯pI. 7) \S]Sn ]qÀ¯nbmIp¶ s]m¶pwhne tIkpIfn alkÀ X¿mdm¡n hkvXp ssIhis¸Sp¯n _Ôs¸« A[nImcnIÄ¡v ssIamäw sNbvXp hnhcw s]m¶pwhne B^okÀ¡v dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿pI. 8) s]m¶pwhne \S]Sn aqew {]m_ey¯n hcp¶ ]pXnb k_vUnhnj\pIsf hntÃPv ^oÂUv sajÀsaâv _p¡nepw aäp _Ôs¸« hntÃPv cPnÌdpIfnepw A¡u−pIfnepw bYmkabw tNÀ¡pI. 9) kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy¯ntebv¡p th−n s]m¶pw hnebvs¡Sp¡p¶ Øew ]pdt¼m¡m¡n amäp¶tXmSpIqSn hnhcw _Ôs¸« hntÃPv dnt¡mÀUpIfn tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw {]kvXpX `qan `q\nIpXnbn \n¶w Hgnhm¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 10) GsX¦nepw kzImcy Øm]\§Ät¡m, Xt±i kzbw `cW Øm]\§Ät¡m, AÀ² kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§Ät¡m, tImÀ¸tdj\pIÄt¡m, I¼\nIÄt¡m th−n s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡p¶ `qan _Ôs¸« Øm]\¯nsâ t]cn ]Xn¨p ]«bw \ÂIpIbpw {]kvXpX Øm]\¯nsâ t]cn `q\nIpXn Npa¯m³ \S]SnIÄ kzmIcn¡pIbpw sN¿pI. 185. GsX¦nepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\¯nt\m, I¼\nt¡m, kzImcy Øm]\¯nt\m, tImÀ¸tdjt\m, AÀ² kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\¯nt\m th−n `qan s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Spt¡−n hcpt¼mÄ {]kvXpX Øm]\w \nÀ±nã ^md¯n Hcp DS¼Sn {]amWw sNt¿−Xp−v. {]kvXpX DS¼Sn A\pkcn¨v Hcp {]tXyI Bhiy¯n\pth−n s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¡p¶ `qan aämhiy§Ä¡v th−n D]tbmKn¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. Hcp I¼\nbv¡p th−n s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¯ `qan kÀ¡mcnsâ A\paXn IqSmsX hn¡pItbm, ]Wbs¸Sp¯pItbm, ]m«¯n\p sImSp¡pItbm, Zm\w sImSp¡pItbm sN¿m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. DS¼Sn {]amWw sN¿p¶ Øm]\¯n\v DS¼Snbnse \n_Ô\IÄ ]men¡m³ _m²yXbp−v. AXn\m C{]Imcw DS¼Sn {]amWw sN¿p¶ Hmtcm Øm]\hpw AXnse \n_Ô\IÄ ]men¡p¶pt−m F¶p ]cntim[nt¡−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKسamcpsS ISa BIp¶p. CXntebv¡p th−n Hmtcm hntÃPm^oknepw Hcp {]tXyI cPnÌÀ

`mKwþ VI ]ucm[njvTnX tkh\§Ä A²ymbwþ21

hntÃPv DtZymKØcpw kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw 1. s]mXpP\§Ä¡mhiyapff hnhn[ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ bYmkabw \ÂIpIsb¶Xv hntÃPm^okdptSbpw XlknÂZmcpsSbpw NpaXebmIp¶p. GsX¦nepw H¶ns\ kw_Ôn¨v hniZamb At\zjWtam ]cntim[\tbm ]T\tam \S¯n BbXnsâ \nPØnXn Dd¸phcp¯n X¿mdm¡p¶ tcJIfmWv km£y]{X§Ä. dh\yq hIp¸n \n¶pw hyànIÄ, IpSpw_§Ä, Øm]\§Ä, `qan F¶nhbpambn _Ôs¸« hnhn[§fmb kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZn¨phcp¶p. XlknÂZmÀ \ÂIp¶ Hmtcm kÀ«n^n¡äpw hntÃPm^okdpsS At\zjW dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv. BbXn\m kÀ«n^n¡än\pth−nbpff At]£Ifnt·Â bmsXmcp Imehnfw_hpw IqSmsX At\zjWw \S¯n kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ


\ÂIphm\pw XlknÂZmÀ \ÂtI− kÀ«n^n¡äpIfn dnt¸mÀ«v kÀ¸n¡phm\pw hntÃPm^okÀ _m²yØ\mIp¶p. kÀ«n^n¡än\pff Bhiy¡mcpsS F®w \mÄ¡p\mÄ hÀ²n¨v sIm−ncn¡p¶Xn\m bYmkabw kÀ«n^n¡äv e`n¡p¶ Imcy¯n s]mXpP\§Ä¡v bmsXmcp _p²nap«pIfpw D−mImXncn¡phm³ hntÃPm^okÀ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. 2. kwØm\¯n\I¯pff Bhiy§Ä¡mbn th−n hcp¶ hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv, PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv (]«nI PmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ kapZmb kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ HgnsI), AKXn kÀ«n^n¡äv, Xncn¨dnb kÀ«n^n¡äv XpS§n H«\h[n kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ \ÂIphm³ hntÃPm^oksd NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«p−v. kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡pff kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw ]«nIPmXn ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ kapZmb§Ä¡pff kapZmb kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw XlknÂZmÀ \ÂIp¶Xv hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv. 3. hnhn[ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡mbn At]£IÄ e`n¨m kzoIcnt¡− s]mXphmb \S]Sn{Ia§fmWv tcJIfpsS ]cntim[\, {]mtZinImt\zjWw, At]£Isâ kXyhmMvaqew hm§pI F¶nh. km[mcW KXnbn kÀ«n^n¡äv e`n¡p¶Xn\pff HcmfpsS {]mYanI tbmKyX At]£I³ Hcp C´y³ ]uc\mbncn¡Wsa¶XmWv. F¶m `qan kw_Ôamb km£y]{X§fpsS kwKXnbn At]£I³ C´y³ ]uc\mbncn¡Wsa¶ hyhØ _m[IaÃ. 4. dh\yq hIp¸n hnhn[ DtZymKØÀ¡v `qanimkv{X]camb A[nImcmXnÀ¯nIÄ \nÀ®bn¨p \ÂInbn«pffXn\m At]£Isâ Øncamb Øew GXptZymKØsâ A[nImc]cn[nbnemtWm DÄs¸Sp¶Xv {]kvXpX DtZymKس ap¼msIbmWv At]£ kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv. ØnchmkØew F¶Xp sIm−pt±in¡p¶Xv HcmÄ Bdpamk¯ne[nIambpw Øncambpw IpSpw_ambpw Xmakn¨p hcp¶ {]tZiw F¶XmWv. tPmen kw_Ôamb Bhiy§Ät¡m hnZym`ymkmhiy¯nt\m th−n Xm¡menIambn asämcp {]tZi¯v Xmaknt¡−nh¶m {]kvXpX Imebfhv Bdpamk¯n A[nIcn¨mepw Xm¡menI XmakØes¯ dh\yq B^okpIfn kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡mbn At]£IÄ kaÀ¸n¡m\mhnÃ. hnhn[ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡mbn 5/- cq]bpsS Court fee stamp ]Xn¨mWv At]£IÄ kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv. ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤¡mÀ At]£bn Court fee stamp ]Xnt¡−XnÃ.

(F) `qanbpambn _Ôs¸« kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ 5. ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ Title {]Imcw `qanbpsS ta \ncmt£]amb DSaØXbpw ssIhihpw A\p`hhpw DÅ `qanIÄ¡mWv ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂImhp¶Xv. `qanbn³ta At]£I\pff ssIhimhImiw Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\mbn B[mc]IÀ¸v, \nIpXn HSp¡nb ckoXv F¶nh ]cntim[n¡Ww. Chbpw hntÃPv tcJIfpw BhiyapÅ ]£w ssIhihpw t\cn ]cntim[n¨v t_m[ys¸«v kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mw. t\cn«pff ]cntim[\bn ssIhi¯nepff `qanbmsW¶v t_m²ys¸«mepw {]kvXpX `qan NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ hn`mK§fnÂs¸«Xmbm ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv \ncknt¡−XmWv. (i) \n£n]vX h\`pan (Vested forest) (ii) kwc£nX h\w (Reserve forest) (iii) ]cnØnXnteme `pan (Ecologically fragile land) (iv) an¨ `qan (Surplus land) (v) kÀ¡mÀ s]m¶pw hne {]Imctam AÃmsXtbm GsäSp¯ `qan (vi) t_m«v þ C³þ em³Uv

(Bought in land)


F¶m em³Uv ss{S_yqWen \n¶pw ]«bw e`n¡p¶Xnt\m kÀ¡mÀ {]tXyIamb ]²XnIÄ¡p th−n \njv¡Àjn¡p¶ kmlNcy§fntem ssIhi¯nsâbpw A\p`h¯nsâbpw ASnØm\¯n am{Xw ssIhimhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. 6. semt¡j³ am¸v/kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ hkvXphnsâ hnhc§Ä ImWn¨v \nÀ±nã t^manemWv At]£nt¡−Xv. At]£s¡m¸w Bhiysa¦n B[mc]IÀ¸v, IcaS¨ ckoXv F¶nhbpw kaÀ¸n¡Ww. `qan t\cn ]cntim[n¨v kÀsÆ \¼À, FepI F¶nh Dd¸phcp¯n {]kvXpX hkvXphnte¡v GsX¦nepw {][m\s¸«Xpw Adnbs¸Sp¶Xpamb PwKvj\n \n¶pff hgn hniZam¡n sIm−v \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWv semt¡j³ kÀ«n^n¡äv. C¯c¯n Hcp {][m\ PwKvj\n \n¶pw {]kvXpX hkvXphnte¡pff hgn kvsI¨v sNbvXv \ÂIp¶XmWv semt¡j³ am¸v. CXn hgnbptStbm `qanbptStbm AfhpIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯pItbm \nÝnX tXmXn X¿mdm¡pItbm sNt¿−XnÃ. 7. tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡ävþ \nÝnX At]£^mdanÃ. shff¡Semkn `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¨v ssIhi`qanbpsS B[mcw, _m²yXm kÀ«n^n¡äv, IcsamSp¡v ckoXv F¶nhbpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ, At]£Isâ t]cn hm§nb 100 cq]bpsS ap{Z]{Xw F¶nh klnXw At]£n¡Ww. tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw Øe ]cntim[\ \S¯nbpw `qanbpsS aqey¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n At]£Isâ BkvXn/IS_m²yXbpsS Xncn¨Shptijn Xn«s¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶p. kwØm\¯n\pffnse Bhiy§Ä¡pth−n 10 e£w cp] hscbpff kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ hntÃtPm^okdpw 10 e£w cp]bne[nIcn¡p¶ XpIbv¡pff kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡pw tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡papÅ kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw XlknÂZmcpw \ÂIWw. At]£tbmsSm¸apff ap{Z]{X¯nemWv kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−Xv. dh\yq dn¡hdn, tImSXn P]vXn apXembh hniZambn ]cntim[n¨pd¸phcp¯n am{Xta kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡m³ ]mSpffq. 8. hmeypthj³ kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ `qanbpsS It¼mfhne \nÝbn¨v km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶XmWv hmeypthj³ kÀ«n^n¡äv. shff¡Semkn `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mffn¨pÅ At]£s¡m¸w B[mcw, \nIpXn ckoXv, _m²yXm kÀ«n^n¡äv F¶nh IqSn lmPcm¡Ww. kam\hpw kam\ambn ØnXnsN¿p¶Xpamb aq¶phÀj¯n\pffnepw 3 In.ao.\pffnepw cPnÌÀ sN¿s¸«n«pff hnebm[mc§sf ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbmIWw `qanbpsS ASnØm\hne \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xn\v kam\amb coXnIfhew_n¨v `qanbpsS It¼mfhne Xn«s¸Sp¯pIbpw {]kvXpX XpI tcJs¸Sp¯n kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIpIbpw sNt¿−XmWv. {]kvXpX `qanbn Ccp]¯¿mbncw cq]bne[nIw aXn¸phnebpff sI«nS§Ä ØnXnsN¿p¶ ]£w _Ôs¸« s]mXpacma¯v hIp¸v (sI«nS hn`mKw) F©n\obdn \n¶v {]kvXpX sI«nS¯nsâ hne \nÀ®b kÀ«n^n¡äv hm§n {]kvXpX hne IqSn DÄs¸Sp¯nbmWv kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡−Xv. kwØm\¯n\pffnse Bhiy§Ä¡mbn 10 e£w cq] hscbpff kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ \ÂtI−Xv hntÃPm^okdpw ]¯v e£w cq]bne[nIw hcp¶ kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡pff kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw \ÂtI−Xv XlknÂZmcpamWv. dh\yq dn¡hdn, tImSXn P]vXn F¶nhbnsöpd¸phcp¯n thWw km£y]{Xw A\phZnt¡−Xv.

(_n) hyànIfpw IpSpw_§fpambn _Ôs¸« kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ 9. t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ (1) HcmÄ tIcfob\mWv F¶ hnhcw km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶XmWv t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡äv. kÀ«n^n¡äv e`nt¡t−bmÄ tIcf¯n\p]pd¯v P\n¨bmfmbncp¶mepw Xmsg ]dbp¶ \n_Ô\IÄ¡v hnt[bambn t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. (i)

amXm]nXm¡Ä c−pt]cpw tIcf¯n P\n¨phfÀ¶hcmsW¦nÂ


(ii) amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmÄ tIcf¯n P\n¨p hfÀ¶bmfpw HcmÄ asämcp kwØm\¯v P\n¨p hfÀ¶bmfpw BIpIbpw hnhml tijw c−pt]cpw tIcf¯n ØncXmakam¡pIbpw sNbvXm (2) t\änhnän sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJIfpsS A`mh¯n {]mtZinImt\zjW¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. _Ôs¸« Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\¯n \n¶papÅ P\\ kÀ«n^n¡äv t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡än\p ]Icambn D]tbmKn¡mhp¶XmWv. A{]Imcw P\\w cPnÌÀ sN¿s¸«n«nÃm¯ tIkpIfn am{Xta t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XpÅq. 10. dknU³jy kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ Hcp hyàn Hcp hntÃPnse Hcp {]tXyI taÂhnemk¯nse ØncXmak¡mc\mWv F¶Xv km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶XmWv dknU³jy kÀ«n^n¡äv. Cu kÀ«n^n¡än ho«p\¼À tNÀt¡−XnÃ. ho«p\¼À tcJs¸Sp¯nb kÀ«n^n¡äv _Ôs¸« Xt±ikzbw`cW Øm]\m[nIrXcmWv \ÂIp¶Xv. 11. sUmanssk kÀ«n^n¡äv-þ At]£I³/At]£I tIcf¯n P\n¨p hfÀ¶ BfmsW¶pw ChnsS ØncXmakamsW¶pw Hcpan¨p km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ tcJbmWnXv. \nÝnXt^md¯nepff At]£s¡m¸w P\\ kÀ«n^n¡äv, tdj³ImÀUv, Ønchmkw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff aäp tcJIÄ F¶nhbpsS ]IÀ¸pIfpw kaÀ¸n¡Ww. {][m\ambpw {]Xntcm[ hIp¸nte¡v \ÂIp¶ Sn km£y]{Xw tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ apJm´ncw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw XlknÂZmÀ A\phZn¡p¶p. 12. c−pw HcmfmsW¶pff km£y]{Xw:þ hyXykvXamb t]cpIfn Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv HcmÄ Xs¶bmWv F¶v km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWnXv. hyXykvX t]cpIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯nb FÃm tcJIfptSbpw ]IÀ¸pIfpw At]£Isâ kXyhmMvaqehpw ]cntim[n¨p {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw Bhiyapff ]£w AbÂkm£n samgn tiJcn¨v kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XmWv. 13. Xncn¨dnb kÀ«n^n¡äv þ kÀ¡mÀ \ÂInb Xncn¨dnb ImÀUpIsfm¶pw CÃm¯ Hcp hyànbv¡v Xncn¨dnb tcJbmbn \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWnXv. At]£Is\ Xncn¨dnbp¶Xn\p klmbIamb c−v imcocnI ASbmf§Ä ]cmaÀin¨psIm−v kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XmWv. 14. hn[h/hn`mcy³ kÀ«n^n¡ävþ acWs¸«bmfnsâ acW kÀ«n^n¡äv, tdj³ ImÀUv F¶nh ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡−XmWv. 15. ^manen sa¼Àjn¸v kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ At]£I\n \n¶v kXyhmMvaqew hm§nbpw tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw Bhiysa¦n AbÂkm£nsamgnIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯nbpw kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZnt¡−XmWv. At]£It\msSm¸w Htc ho«n Øncambn Xmakn¡p¶ AwK§sfbmWv Cu kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸Spt¯−Xv. C{]ImcapÅ GsX¦nepw IpSpw_mwK¯nsâ At]£bpsS ASnØm\¯n tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨v kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XmWv. IpSpw_mwKXzw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJIÄ lmPcm¡m¯ tIkpIfn bmsXmcp ImcWhimepw Cu kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡cpXv. Cubmhiy¯ 16. _Ôw sXfnbn¡p¶ km£y]{Xw (Relationship Certificate)- Hcp hyànbpambn asämcmÄ¡pÅ _ÔpXzw km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWnXv. _ÔpXzw sXfnbn¡p¶ tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\ hm§nbpw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂImw.


17. AKXn kÀ«n^n¡ävþ BkvXnItfm hcpam\tam, Poht\m]m[nItfm CÃm¯Xpw Bcmepw kwc£n¡s¸Sm\nÃm¯Xpw B{ibhpw Poht\m]m[nIfpw e`n¡phm³ AÀlXbpffXpamb hyànsbbmWv AKXn F¶XpsIm−v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. ssIhi kz¯p¡fptSbpw, BkvXnIfptSbpw, IpSpw_mwK§fptSbpw hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯ kXy{]kvXmh\ ]cntim[n¨pw At\zjWw \S¯nbpw Cu kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. Xmsg¸dbp¶hsc AKXnIfmbn IW¡m¡mhp¶XmWv. (i)

18 hbÊv ]qÀ¯nbmIm¯ A\mYÀ

(ii) A\mYcÃm¯hÀ:þ amXm]nXm¡Ä Pohn¨ncn¸pÅ tIkpIfn NphsS ]dbp¶ hyhkYIÄ¡p hnt[bambn kkm£y]{Xw A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv: F) amXm]nXm¡Ä/`À¯mhv/`mcy/a¡Ä F¶n§s\ kwc£Ww \ÂtI−hÀ kwc£Ww \ÂIm\mhm¯hn[w am\knItam, imcocnItam Bb shÃphnfnIÄ t\cnSp¶ps−¦n _n) At]£I\v/At]£Ibv¡v kz´ambn hcpam\ amÀ¤§tfm kz´w t]cntem IpSpw_mwK§fpsS t]cntem 10 skâne[nIcn¡p¶ `qantbm D−mIm³ ]mSnÃ. 18. A\´cmhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ (1) shff¡Semknepff At]£s¡m¸w acWs¸«bmfpsS acW kÀ«n^n¡äv, AhIminIsf kw_Ôn¡p¶ kXy{]kvXmh\ F¶nhbpÄs¡mffn¨v XlknÂZmÀ¡v At]£ kaÀ¸n¡Ww. AhIminIfptSbpw AbÂkm£nIfptSbpw samgnIÄ tcJs¸Sp¯nbpw {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«nt·Â D]cn]cntim[\ \S¯n HutZymKnI Kkän CXp kw_Ôn¨ ]ckyw {]kn²s¸Sp¯pIbpw ]cky XobXnbn \n¶pw 30 Znhkw ]qÀ¯nbmIp¶ apdbv¡v Bt£]§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n XoÀ¨ sNbvX tijw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. XlknÂZmÀ A\phZn¡p¶ A\´cmhImi kÀ«n^n¡än³taepÅ FÃm XÀ¡§fpw knhn tImSXn apJm´ncw XoÀ¸p I¸nt¡−XmWv. (2) acn¨pt]mb hyàn kÀ¡mcntem \mjWssekvUv/sjUyqÄUv _m¦pIfntem \nt£]n¨n«pÅ k¼mZy§fpw kÀ¡mcn \nt¶m \mjWssekvUv/sjUyqÄUv _m¦pIfn \nt¶m {]kvXpX hyànbv¡v e`n¡phm³ AÀlXbpÅ aäp XpIIfpw hm§p¶Xn\mbn A\´cmhIminIÄ¡v A\´cmhImi kÀ«n^n¡äv lmPcmt¡−Xp−v. Hcp e£w cq]hscbpÅ XpIIÄ ssI¸äp¶Xn\pÅ km£y]{Xw A\phZn¡p¶Xn\mWv XlknÂZmÀ¡v A[nImcapÅXv. ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImiw hgn At]£I\v e`nt¡−Xmb XpI Hcp e£w cq]bn Ihnbp¶Xmbm A¯cw tIkpIfn I£nIÄ knhn tImSXnbn \n¶pw kI-vkj³ kÀ«n^n¡äv hmt§−XmWv. (3) lnµp, IrÌy³, CÉmw aXhn`mK§fnÂs¸«hcpsS AhIminIsf \nÀ®bn¡p¶Xv bYm{Iaw 1956 se lnµp ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi \nbaw, 1925 se C´y³ ]n³XpSÀ¨mhImi \nbaw,v apÉow hyàn \nbaw F¶nhsb ASnØm\am¡nbmWv. 19. PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv (I½yqWnän kÀ«n^n¡äv):þ kwØm\¯n\pÅnse Bhiy§Ä¡mbpÅ PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv (]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ kapZmb§Ä¡v HgnsI) \ÂIphm³ hntÃPm^oksd A[nImcs¸Sp¯nbn«p−v. ]«nIPmXn, ]«nI tKm{XhÀ¤w F¶o hn`mK§Ä¡pÅ PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡pÅ FÃm PmXnkÀ«n^n¡äpIfpw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯n XlknÂZmcmWv A\phZn¡p¶Xv. 20. PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpambn _Ôs¸«v kwhcWm\pIqey§Ä¡Àlcmb hn`mK§sf NphsS tNÀ¡pw {]Imcw hnhn[ ]«nIIfn DÄs¡mÅn¨ncn¡p¶p. 1)

]«nIPmXn (SC)

PmXnaX


2)

]«nI tKm{XhÀ¤w (ST)

3)

aäp ]n¶m¡ kapZmb§Ä (OBC)

4)

aäÀl kapZmb§Äþ1 (OEC-1)

5) 6) (SEBC)

aäÀl kapZmb§Äþ2 (OEC-2) kmaqlnIambpw km¼¯nIambpw

]n¶m¡mhØbnepÅ

kapZmb§Ä

21. GsX¦nepw Hcp kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv/hnÚm]\w {]Imcw ta enÌpIfnsem¶pw DÄs¸Sm¯ FÃm PmXn/aX hn`mK§Ä¡pw General category (kwhctWXc hn`mKw) bn DÄs¸Sp¯n kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ \ÂImhp¶XmWv. 22. kÀ¡mÀ bYmImew ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ D¯chpIfpw hnÚm]\§fpw {]Imcw GsXms¡ kapZmb§fmWv ]«nIPmXnþ]«nItKm{X hÀ¤¯nÂs¸Sp¶sX¶pw Bscms¡bmWv aäp ]n¶m¡ hn`mK§fnÂs¸Sp¶sX¶pw aäpw hntÃPm^okÀ hyàambn a\Ênem¡nbncn¡Ww. 23. At]£Isâbpw amXm]nXm¡fpsSbpw PmXn kw_Ôn¨ tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw hniZamb {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw BhiyapÅ ]£w km£nsamgnIÄ tiJcn¨pw D¯at_m²yw h¶Xn\p tijw am{Xta kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ \ÂImhq. At]£I\pw IpSpw_hpw AhÀ P\n¨phfÀ¶ {]tZi¯Ã Ct¸mÄ ØncXmaksa¦n AhÀ P\n¨p hfÀ¶ hntÃPv/Xmeq¡v A[nImcnbn \n¶v dnt¸mÀ«v e`yam¡n At]£ XoÀ¸p I¸nt¡−XmWv. 24. an{ihnhmlnXcmb Z¼XnIfpsS a¡Ä¡v PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−n hcpt¼mÄ Nnet¸mÄ hyàamb Xocpam\saSp¡phm³ _p²nap«p−mImdp−v. an{ihnhmlnXcmb Z¼XnIfnsemcmÄ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ kapZmb¯nÂs¸Sp¶bmfmsW¦n AhcpsS Ip«nIÄ¡v PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−Xv 20þ11þ08 se Pn.H.(Fw.Fkv) 109/2008/SCSTDD \¼À kÀ¡mÀ D¯chnse \n_Ô\IfpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv. At]£I³ DÄs¸Sp¶p F¶hImis¸Sp¶ kapZmbw Snbms\ Ahcnsemcmfmbn AwKoIcn¡pIbpw At]£I³ Sn kapZmb¯nsâ ANmcm\pjvTm\§Ä A\pkcn¨v Pohn¡p¶bmfmhpIbpw thWw. IqSmsX Xm³ DÄs¸Sp¶p F¶hImis¸Sp¶ kapZmb¯nsâ kmaqlnIhpw km¼¯nIhpw hnZym`ymk]chpamb ]n¶m¡mhØ At]£I³ A\p`hn¡p¶pt−m F¶Xpw Dd¸p hcpt¯−Xp−v. 25. F¶m an{ihnhml Z¼XnIfn HcmÄ aäp ]n¶m¡ kapZmb¯nÂs¸«bmfmsW¦n AhcpsS a¡Ä¡v ]n¶m¡ kapZmb¯nsâ B\pIqey§Ä \ÂImhp¶XmWv. BbXn\m \nehnepÅ kÀ¡mÀ D¯chpIfpsSbpw hnÚm]\§fpsSbpw ASnØm\¯n CuhI {]iv\§Ä XoÀ¨ sNt¿−XmWv. 26. kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ A\phZn¡pt¼mÄ _Ôs¸« ]«nIIfnepÄs¸« PmXnt¸cpIfn Xs¶ kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡−XmWv. ]«nIPmXn, ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ kÀ«n^n¡äpIÄ¡pÅ At]£Ifn kwibapÅ ]£w A`n{]mb¯n\pw, At\zjW¯n\pambn InÀ¯mUvkv UbdÎÀ¡v Abbvt¡−XmWv. 27. P·w \ÂInb amXm]nXm¡sf¸än \nÝbanÃm¯tXm _mey¯n Xs¶ A\mYcmhpItbm sNbvX Ipªp§sf \nba{]ImcaÃmsX tkzÑbm FSp¯p hfÀ¯p¶ tIkpIfn hfÀ¯pamXm]nXm¡Ä Htc PmXn¡mcmsW¦n AhcpsS PmXnbpw Htc PmXn¡mcsæn AhcpsS PmXnIfn GXp PmXnbnemtWm Ip«n hfÀ¶p hcp¶Xv {]kvXpX PmXnbpw hfÀ¯p amXm]nXm¡Ä \nbam\pkrXw hnhmlnXÀ Bbn«nsæn hfÀ¯½bpsS PmXnbpw kn²n¡pw. 28. ]«nIPmXnbn \n¶pw {InkvXp aXw kzoIcn¨htcm AhcpsS ]n³KmanItfm XncnsI lnµpaXw kzoIcn¨m AhÀ¡v PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIpt¼mÄ aXw amdnb hyànbpsS


]nXmhv/]qÀÆnIÀ {InkvXpaX¯ntebv¡v aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nb ]«nIPmXn¡mc\mtWm/Bbncpt¶m XpS§nb Imcy§fpw At]£I³ aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nbXv kw_Ôn¨ Kkäv ]ckyw, At]£Is\ lnµp aX¯ntebv¡v aX]cnhÀ¯\w sNbvX AwKoIrX lnµpaX kwLS\bpsS kÀ«n^n¡äv, aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nb hyànbpsS ip²nIÀ½¯n kw_Ôn¨ncp¶ BÄ¡mcpsS t]cpIfpw ]qÀ®amb taÂhnemkhpw, aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nb hyànsb X§fpsS kapZmb¯nse AwKambn AwKoIcn¨ncn¡p¶psh¶pw \nehn AbmÄ {InkvXym\nbmbn«Ã, lnµphmbn«mWv Pohn¡p¶sX¶pw aXw amdnb Bfnsâ tZi¯v Xmakn¡p¶ AtX kapZmb¯nse D¯chmZs¸« BÄ¡mcn \n¶pÅ kÀ«n^n¡äv XpS§nb tcJIfpw ]cntim[n¨p am{Xta dh\yq DtZymKØÀ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIphm³ ]mSpÅq. C{]Imcw aX]cnhÀ¯\w \S¯nbhÀ¡v \ÂIp¶ PmXnkÀ«n^n¡än {]kvXpX kÀ«n^n¡äv 27þ07þ87 se k.D. (Is¿gp¯v) \¼À 34/87/].P.].h.hn.h \¼À D¯chv, 15þ12þ87 se 18421/C2/87/]P]hhnh \¼À kÀ¡peÀ F¶nhbn ]dªncn¡p¶ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]men¨tijamWv \ÂInbsX¶v tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. 29. HcmÄ ]«nIPmXnbnÂs¸Sp¶bmfmWv F¶hImis¸SWsa¦n AbmÄ \nÀ_Ôambpw lnµp, knJv, _p²aX§fnteXnse¦nepw DÄs¸«Xmbncn¡Ww. ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ hn`mK¡mÀ {InkvXpaXw kzoIcn¨mepw C¯c¡msc ]«nItKm{XhÀ¤¡mcmbn IW¡m¡n kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡−XmWv. 30. aäp kwØm\§fn \n¶v IpSntbdpIbpw ChnsS ØncXmakam¡pIbpw sNbvX ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ hn`mK§fpsS hnjb¯n PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶Xv 12þ02þ86 se k.D (ssI)10/86/SCSTDD \¼À D¯chnsâ ASnØm\¯nemWv. At]£Isâ amXm]nXm¡tfm ]qÀÆnItcm 1950 se {]knU³jy HmÀUdn\p ap¼v Cu kwØm\¯v IpSntbdn ØncXmakam¡nbhcmhpIbpw AhcpsS kapZmbw Cu kwØm\s¯ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ ]«nIbn DÄs¸«XmhpIbpw sNbvXm A§s\bpÅhÀ Cu kwØm\¯p \n¶v A{]Imcapff kÀ«n^n¡än\pw AÀlcmbncn¡pw. F¶m 1950 \v ap¼v IpSntbdnb hcpsS kwKXnbn AhÀ Cu kwØm\s¯ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ ]«nIbn DÄs¸SmsX hcp¶ tIkpIfn AhÀ¡v Cu kwØm\¯p \n¶pÅ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ B\pIqey§Ä¡v AÀlXbp−mhnÃ. IqSmsX 1950 \v tijw Cu kwØm\t¯bv¡v IpSntbdn¯makn¨ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ hn`mK¡mÀ¡v AhcpsS kapZmbw Cu kwØm\s¯ ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ hn`mK¯n DÄs¸Sp¶ps−¦nÂt¸mepw Cu kwØm\¯p \n¶v ]«nIPmXn/]«nItKm{XhÀ¤ B\pIqey§Ä¡v AÀlXbp−mbncn¡p¶XÃ. 31. an{iPmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv (Inter caste marriage certificate)- `cWLS\m hyhØIÄ {]Imcw lnµp,knJv, _p² aXhn`mK§fn am{XamWv PmXn hyhØ \nehnepÅXv. AXpsIm−v lnµp, knJv, _p² aX§fnse hyXykvX PmXnIfnÂs¸«hÀ X½n hnhmlnXcmbm am{Xta C¯cw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡m\mhq. 32. hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv:þ hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡pth−n hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\pÅ [mcmfw At]£IÄ dh\yq DtZymKØÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡s¸Smdp−v.kwØm\¯n\pÅnse Bhiy§Ä¡mbn lmPcmt¡− hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡pw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡pw hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw XlknÂZmÀ¡pamWv. hntÃPm^okÀ Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶ hcpam\¯nt·Â Bt£]apÅ ]£w A¸o tIÄ¡m\pÅ A[nImcw XlknÂZmÀ¡pw dnhnj³ lÀPn tIÄ¡m\pÅ A[nImcw dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ/sU]yq«n IfÎÀ¡pw Bbncn¡pw. F¶m XlknÂZmÀ Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶ hcpam\¯nt·Â Bt£]apÅ ]£w A¸o kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ/ sU]yq«n IfÎÀ¡pw dnhnj³ lÀPn kaÀ¸nt¡−Xv PnÃm IfÎÀ¡pamWv. kÀ«n^n¡äv At]£Isâ Bhiy¯n\sæn BcpsS Bhiy¯n\mtWm B hyànbpambn At]£I\pff _Ôw At]£bn hyàam¡nbncn¡Ww.


33. hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AXv A\phZn¡p¶ XnbXn apX Hcp hÀjw km[pXm Imebfhv D−mbncn¡p¶XmWv. Sn Imebfhn s]mXphmbn FÃm Bhiy§Ä¡pw D]tbmKn¡mhp¶XmIbm kÀ«n^n¡än Dt±iyw tcJs¸Spt¯−Xnà . GsX¦nepw Hcp {]tXyI tImgvkn\mbn \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡än\v tImgvknsâ Imemh[n Xocp¶Xphsc {]m_eyap−mbncn¡pw. At]£IÀ kÀ«n^n¡änsâ AÊ kq£nt¡−Xpw hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn kÀ«n^n¡änsâ kzbw km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸v lmPcmt¡−XpamWv. 34. . tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§fntet¡m, hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fntet¡m F³{S³kv XpS§nb ]co£IÄt¡m \nÀ±nã ^md¯n hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−nhcpt¼mÄ ap¼v \ÂInbn«pÅXpw km[pXm Imebfhv Ignbm¯Xpamb hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äps−¦n AXnsâ ASnØm\¯n Sn t^md¯n hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XmWv. F¶m hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv ap¼v \ÂInbn«nsæntem ap¼v \ÂInb kÀ«n^n¡änsâ km[pXm Imebfhv Ignªn«ps−¦ntem ]pXnb hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−Xpw AtXmsSm¸w ta \nÀ±njvT ^md¯n hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XpamWv. 35. tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§tfm aäp kwØm\§fnse hIp¸p ta[mhnItfm hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡änsâ ]IÀ¸v kzoImcyaà F¶v \ne]mSv kzoIcn¡p¶ Ahkc¯n ap¼v \ÂInbn«pÅXpw km[pXm Imebfhv Ignbm¯Xpamb hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡änsâ ASnØm\¯ntem Asæn ]pXpXmtbm AÊ kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZnt¡−Xpw A{]Imcw \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡än Dt±iyw (Purpose) tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂtI−XpamWv. 36. hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡äv hnXcWw sN¿pt¼mÄ d^d³kv \¼À \ÂtI−Xpw kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpsS B^okv tIm¸n, kÀ«n^n¡äv kw_Ôn¨ cPnÌÀ F¶nh hntÃPm^oknÂ/ Xmeq¡m^okn kq£nt¡−XpamWv. IpSpw_hmÀjnI hcpam\amWv hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\mbn IW¡mt¡−Xv. F¶m At]£I³ Bhiys¸Sp¶ ]£w IpSpw_hcpam\t¯msSm¸w hyànKX hcpam\w IqSn tcJs¸Sp¯n kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂImhp¶XmWv. 37. IpSpw_ hcpam\w Xn«s¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ IpSpw_mwK§fmbn At]£I³, amXm]nXm¡Ä/ c£IÀ¯m¡Ä Asæn AtX ho«n Hcpan¨p Xmakn¡p¶ c−m\½/c−m\ѳ, Hcpan¨p Xmakn¡p¶ AhnhmlnXcmb ktlmZcoktlmZc·mÀ, AhnhmlnXcmb a¡Ä F¶nhÀ DÄs¸Sp¶XmWv. 38. hcpam\w F¶Xv, IpSpw_mwK§Ä bYmÀ°¯n BÀÖn¡p¶ Ønchcpam\amWv. CXn Xmsg¸dbp¶ FÃm C\¯nepÅ hcpam\hpw DÄs¸Spw. 1) i¼fw 2) kÀÆokv s]³j³, ^manen s]³j³, t£a s]³j³ 3) Bdpamk¯ntesdbpÅ Imet¯¡pÅ HmWtddnbw. 4) Irjnbn \n¶pÅ hcpam\w. 5) hmSI, ]m«w F¶nhbn \n¶pÅ hcpam\w. 6) I¨hSw/hyhkmb¯n \n¶pÅ hcpam\w. 7) Iqenbn\¯nepÅ hcpam\w. 8) Ønc\nt£]§fn \n¶pÅ ]eni, UnhnUâv XpS§nbh. 9) Iem/ImbnI {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡pÅ {]Xn^ew. 10) GXpXcw sXmgnen \n¶pÅ hcpam\hpw 11) t{_m¡tdPv/I½oj³ XpS§nb GXp Xcw hcpam\hpw. At]£m XobXn apX ]pdIntebv¡pÅ Hcp hÀjs¯ hcpam\amWv hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\pth−n ]cnKWnt¡−Xv.


IpSpw_hmÀjnI hcpam\¯n 1) hn[hbmb ]p{Xn/ktlmZcnbpsS hcpam\w, 2) tkh\w Ahkm\n¡pt¼mÄ e`n¡p¶ B\pIqey§Ä, 3)eohv kmedn, 4) s^Ìnsh Aeh³kv F¶nh DÄs¸Spt¯−XnÃ. 39. hcpam\w Xn«s¸Sp¯phm\pÅ amÀ¤§Ä. 1) i¼f¯n \n¶pÅ hcpam\wþ HcmfpsS BZmb\nIpXn IW¡m¡pt¼mÄ i¼f¯nsâ `mKambn IW¡m¡p¶ hcpam\§sfÃmw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIpt¼mÄ IW¡nseSp¡mhp¶XmWv. bm{Xm_¯, {]tXyI tPmen¡pÅ HmWtddnbw F¶nh Hgnhm¡mw._Ôs¸« A[nImcnIÄ \ÂIp¶ i¼f kÀ«n^n¡äv B[mcam¡nbmWv hcpam\ \nÀ®bw \St¯−Xv. 2) s]³j\n \n¶pff hcpam\wþ s]³j³ t]bvsasâv HmÀUdnsâ ASnØm\¯nepff £mamizmkw DÄs¸sSbpÅ s]³j³ XpI (I½yqt«j³ XpI Ign¨pffXv) BWv IW¡nseSpt¡−Xv. 3) hym]mc¯n \n¶pff hcpam\wþ \nIpXnZmbIcpsS Imcy¯n BZmb\nIpXn dnt«Wnsâ ASnØm\¯nepw AÃmsXbpffhcpsS Imcy¯n At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\bpsS ASnØm\¯n AämZmbw IW¡nseSp¯pw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XmWv. 4)hntZi¯v tPmen sN¿p¶hcpsS hcpam\wþ At]£IÀ \ÂIp¶ kXy{]kvXmh\bpsS ASnØm\¯n hcpam\w Xn«s¸Spt¯−XmWv. 5) Znhk¡qen¡mcpsS hcpam\wþ At]£I³ ^b sN¿p¶ kXy{]kvXmh\bpsS ASnØm\¯n hcpam\ \nÀ®bw \St¯−XmWv. Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä aptJ\ \S¸nem¡p¶ sXmgnepd¸p ]²Xn {]Imcw 100 sXmgn Zn\§Ä¡pÅ Iqensb¦nepw Ipdª hcpam\ambn Xn«s¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. 6) hkvXphIIfn \n¶pff hcpam\wþ ImÀjnIhnfIfn \n¶pff hcpam\w, tZlÞ§fpsS aqeyw F¶nh IW¡m¡p¶Xv s]m¶pwhne \S]SnIfn kzoIcn¡p¶ am\ZÞ{]Imcambncn¡Ww 7) hmSIs¡«nS§fn \n¶pff hcpam\wþ hmSIbn \n¶pw hmÀjnI kwc£W sNehp Ign¨pff XpIbmbncn¡pw Cu C\¯n IW¡mt¡−Xv. 8)kzImcysXmgnenteÀs¸Sp¶hÀ,s{]m^jWÂkv þ \nIpXnZmbIcpsS kwKXnbn BZmb\nIpXn dnt«Wnsâbpw AÃm¯hcpsS Imcy¯n At]£Isâ kXyhmMvaqe¯nsâbpw ASnØm\¯n hcpam\w Xn«s¸Spt¯−XmWv. 9) P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS HmWtddnbwþ P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS HmWtddnbw hcpam\ambn IW¡m¡n kÀ«n^n¡än DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. 40. At]£bn sXämb hnhcw ImWn¨mWv kÀ«n^n¡äv k¼mZn¨sX¶v t_m²yambm BbXv d±m¡p¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIp¶ A[nImcn¡v D−mbncn¡p¶XmWv. hcpam\ kÀ«n^n¡än\pÅ FÃm At]£bnt·epw Bhiysa¦n {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯n sXfnhpIÄ tiJcn¡m³ hntÃPm^okÀ¡v A[nImcap−mbncn¡pw. Bhiyamb tcJIÄ lmPcm¡p¶Xn\pÅ _m²yX At]£I\p−v. 41. t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡ävþ (1) aäp ]n¶m¡ hn`mK§fnse (H._n.kn.) kwhcW¯n\v AÀlcmbhÀ¡mWv t\m¬þ{IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡p¶Xv. At]£Isâ amXm]nXm¡fpsS kaql¯nse Øm\w (Social status) BWv ]cnKWnt¡−Xv. At]£Isâ /At]£IbpsS `mcybpsS/`À¯mhnsâ ]Zhntbm hcpam\tam ]cnKWnt¡−XnÃ. F¶m s{]m^jW taJebnepÅhÀ¡pw hyhkmb taJebnepÅhÀ¡pw hcpam\ ]cn[n _m[IamWv. (2) t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlXbnÃm¯ hn`mK§Ä


F)

NphsS tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶ `cWLS\m ]ZhnIÄ hln¡p¶hcpsS a¡Ä. (i)

C³Uy³ {]knUâv

(ii)

sshkv {]knUâv

(iii)

kp{]ow tImSXnbntebpw sslt¡mSXnbntebpw PUvPnamÀ

(iv)

KhÀ®ÀamÀ (AhcpsS HutZymKnI Imebfhn am{Xw)

(v) PSC, UPSC F¶nhnS§fnse sNbÀam³amÀ, sa¼ÀamÀ, No^v Ce£³ I½ojWÀamÀ, Iwt{SmfÀ Bâv BUnäÀ P\dÂ. _n) ta tNÀ¯Xn\p Xpeyamb `cWLS\m ]ZhnIÄ. (kn) tkh\ hn`mKw (kÀÆokn t\cn«v {]thin¨ ]ZhnbmWv ]cnKWnt¡−Xv) (1)

amXm]nXm¡Ä c−p t]cpw ¢mkv I B^okÀamcmbncp¶mÂ

(2)

amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmÄ ¢mkv I B^okdmbncp¶mÂ

(3)

amXm]nXm¡Ä c−pt]cpw ¢mkv II B^okÀamcmbmÂ

. amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmÄ ¢mkv II B^okdmbncn¡pIbpw, 35 hbÊn\p ap¼mbn ¢mkv I XkvXnIbntebv¡v s{]mtamj³ e`n¡pIbpw sNbvXm (tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡v 40 hbÊn\pÅn C{]Imcw s{]mtamj³ e`n¨mÂ) ta hn`mK¯nÂs¸« Poh\¡mÀ kÀÆokn \n¶p hncan¨mepw, hncan¨ tijw acWaSªmepw, AhcpsS a¡Ä kwhcW¯n\v AÀlcÃ. Un) s]mXptaJe Øm]\§fnse Poh\¡mÀþ apIfn tkh\hn`mK¯n tNÀ¯n«pÅ am\ZÞ§Ä _m[IamWv. kÀ¡mÀ kÀÆoknse i¼fhpambn XmcXayw sNbvXv ]ZhnIÄ \nÝbnt¡−XmWv. kzImcytaJebn tPmen sN¿p¶ i¼fw ]äp¶ Poh\¡mÀ¡pw kÀ¡mÀ taJebnse Poh\¡mcpsS Imcy¯nepff am\ZWvUamWv ]cnKWnt¡−Xv. C) {]Xntcm[ tk\Ifnse DtZymKØÀ:þ amXm]nXm¡fnsemcmtfm, c−pt]cptam BÀanbn tIWensâtbm AXn\p apIfntem dm¦pÅ B^oktdm, X¯pey]ZhnIÄ \mhnItk\bntem thymatk\bntem ]mcmanen«dn t^mgvkntem hln¡p¶htcm Bbm AhcpsS a¡Ä t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlcÃ. F^v) s{]m^jWÂ/hmWnPy/hyhkmb hn`mKwþ A`n`mjIÀ, NmÀt«Uv A¡u−âpamÀ, tUmÎÀamÀ (kÀ¡mÀ kÀÆoknepÅhÀ HgnsI), kn\nam Xmc§Ä, ImbnI Xmc§Ä, kmlnXyImc·mÀ, _nkn\knepw hyhkmb§fnepw GÀs¸«ncn¡p¶hÀ, \Kc ]cn[nbn¡pÅn hkvXphpw, sI«nShpw hgn hcpam\apÅhÀ XpS§nbhÀ Cu hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p. CXn\pÅ hcpam\ ]cn[n AXXp Ime§fn kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¡pw {]Imcambncn¡pw. C¯c¯nepÅ hcpam\w XpSÀ¨bmb 3 hÀj§fn D−mbncn¡Wsa¶pw hyhØbp−v. (3) IÀjIcmbm AhcpsS Irjnbn \n¶pÅ hcpam\w IW¡mt¡−XnÃ. IÀjIsc kw_Ôn¨v (¹mtâj³ BIvän ]dbp¶ tXm«¯nsâ \nÀÆN\¯n hcp¶ Im¸n, dºÀ, tXbne tXm«§Ä HgnsI) Irjn `qanbpsS hnkvXrXnbmWv am\ZÞw. AhÀ¡v kz´ambn A©p slÎtdm AXn IqSpXtem Irjn`qan Ds−¦n am{Xta {IoaosebÀ ]cn[nbn hcq. DtZymK¯nÂ\n¶pff i¼f hcpam\hpw Irjnbn \n¶pff hcpam\hpw X½n Iq«n hcpam\w IW¡m¡m³ ]mSnÃ. i¼f hcpam\hpw ImÀjnIhcpam\hpw shtÆsd FSp¡pt¼mÄ hcpam\ ]cn[nbn A[nIambncp¶mepw aäpXc¯nepÅ (_nkn\kv, hmSI XpS§n) hmÀjnI hcpam\w hcpam\ ]cn[nbv¡pÅnemsW¦n t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv.


(4) kz´w kapZmb¯nsâ Ipes¯mgn sNbvXp Pohn¡p¶ OBC kapZmb¯nÂs¸« HcmÄ F{X hcpam\w DÅbmfmsW¦nepw {IoaosebÀ hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶nÃ. SnbmfpsS a¡Ä t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlcmbncn¡pw. OBC hn`mK¯nÂs¸« HcmÄ \nc£c\msW¦n (4-mw ¢mkv ]mkmIm¯bmÄ) AbmfpsS a¡fpw t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡än\v AÀlcmbncn¡pw. (5) kwØm\mhiy§Ä¡v hntÃPm^okdpw kwØmt\Xc Bhiy§Ä¡v XlknÂZmcpw \ÂInhcp¶ t\m¬ {IoaosebÀ kÀ«n^n¡änsâ km[pXm Imebfhv \nehn Hcp hÀjamWv. F¶m GsX¦nepw tImgvkpIÄ¡v tNcp¶hÀ¡v A\phZn¡p¶ kÀ«n^n¡än\v {]kvXpX tImgvkv Xocp¶Xphsc km[pXbp−mbncn¡pw. 42. Possession and Non-attachment Certificate:- At]£Isâ ssIhimhImiw Dd¸phcp¯nbpw, dh\yq dn¡hdn Csöv t_m²ys¸«pw \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWnXv. B[mcw, \nIpXn ckoXv, _m²yXm kÀ«n^n¡äv, dh\yq dn¡hdn eUvPdpIÄ F¶nh ]cntim[n¨pw BhiyapÅ ]£w Øe ]cntim[\ \S¯nbpw kÀ«n^n¡äv A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. 43. ]p\ÀhnhmlnX/]p\À hnhmlnX³ Asö kÀ«n^n¡äv-þ At]£Isâ kXyhmMvaqew hm§nbpw Ab km£nsamgn tcJs¸Sp¯nbpw {]mtZioImt\zjWw \S¯nbpw tdj³ ImÀUv, Xncn¨dnb ImÀUv, acW kÀ«n^n¡äv XpS§nb tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨pw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂtI−XmWv. `mcy acWs¸«Xn\p tijw `À¯mthm, `À¯mhv acWs¸«Xn\p tijw `mcytbm ]p\Àhnhmlw sNbvXn«nà F¶v km£ys¸Sp¯n \ÂIp¶ kÀ«n^n¡ämWv CXv. Dt]£n¡s¸« tIkpIfn C{]Imcw kÀ«n^n¡äv \ÂIm\pÅ A[nImcw hntÃPm^okÀ¡nÃ

A²ymbwþ22

t£a{]hÀ¯\§Ä 1. {]IrXnt£m`w \nan¯w P\§fpsS Poh\pw hkvXp hIIÄ¡pw \mi\ãw kw`hn¡pt¼mÄ bYmkabw DNnXamb ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIÄ FSp¡pI F¶Xv dh\yq DtZymKØcpsS {][m\s¸« NpaXeIfn H¶mWv. PnÃm s]mXp `cW¯nsâ Xeh³ F¶ \nebv¡v AXymlnX kw`h§Ä¡ncbmIp¶hÀ¡v ASnb´nc klmbw \ÂIm\pw ]mÀ¸nSw \ãs¸«hsc ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡m\pw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v D¯chmZnXzw D−v. IStemc {]tZi§fnse aÕysXmgnemfnIÄ¡v ]ªamk§fn kuP\y tdj³ hnXcWw sN¿pI, IS t£m`w aqew `h\clnXcmbhsc amän ]mÀ¸n¡pI, Iã\ã§Ä¡v aXnbmb km¼¯nI klmbw \ÂIpI XpS§nbh kÀ¡mcnsâ {]Jym]nX ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIfnÂs¸«hbmWv. AXn\m PnÃm IfÎÀ kwLSn¸n¡p¶ FÃm ZpcnXmizmk \S]SnIÄ¡pw hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mÀ th− klmbklIcW§Ä \ÂtI−XmWv. 2. Hcp hntÃPn D−mIp¶ Xo]nSp¯w, shÅs¸m¡w, hcĨ, kmw{IanI tcmK§Ä, aäv AXymlnX§Ä F¶nhsb¡pdn¨v At\zjn¨v hnhcw bYmkabw XlknÂZmÀ¡pw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡pw dnt¸mÀ«v sNt¿−Xv hntÃPv B^okdpsS {][m\ ISabmIp¶p. CXn hogvN hcp¯p¶Xv KpcpXcamb IrXyhntem]ambn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶XmWv. 3. hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«n P\§Ä¡pw I¶pImenIÄ¡pw t\cnSp¶ Pnhm]mbw, Irjn, hnfhv, `h\§Ä F¶nhbv¡v t\cnSp¶ \mi\ã§fpsS kw£n]vX hnhc§Ä F¶nh AS§nbncn¡Ww. \mi\ã§Ä kw`hn¨ hyànIÄ¡pw IpSpw_§Ä¡pw \ymbambn e`nt¡− km¼¯nI klmbs¯¡pdn¨pÅ hyàamb in]mÀibpw hntÃPv B^okdpsS dnt¸mÀ«n tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. 4. hcĨm ZpcnXmizmk {]hÀ¯\§Ä Imcy£aambn \S¸nem¡p¶Xn\mbn FÃm hntÃPv B^okÀamcpw AÀ¸Wt_m[t¯msS {]hÀ¯nt¡−XmWv. BbXntebv¡v hcĨm ZpcnXmizmk {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡mbn kÀ¡mÀ ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ amÀ¤ \nÀt±i§Ä


\S¸nemt¡−XmWv. \nba hncp²ambn Pew tNmÀ¯p¶Xmbn {i²bnÂs¸«m DS³ XSbp¶Xn\v th− \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡Ww. Hcp {]tZi¯v Pe e`yX CÃmXmIpIbpw A¯cw {]tZi§fn ip²Pe IntbmkvIpIÄ CÃmXncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ kmlNcy¯n AXymhiysa¦n kÀ¡mÀ \nÀt±i {]Imcw Sm¦À aptJ\ PehnXcWw \St¯−XmWv. 9) km¼¯nI klmb¯n\pw ]p\c[nhmk¯n\pw AÀlXbpÅhcpsS enÌv X¿mdmt¡−Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØ·mcmIp¶p. {]kvXpX enÌv X¿mdm¡p¶Xn hntÃPm^okÀ th−{X Pm{KX ImWnt¡−Xp−v. enÌv X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\v ap¼mbn {]IrXnt£m`§Ä¡pw aäXymlnX kw`h§Ä¡pw hnt[bamb Øew t\cn¡−v ]cntim[nt¡−XmWv. Hmtcm IpSpw_¯n\pw kzImcy hyànIÄ¡pw t\cn« \mi\ã§fpsS aXn¸v hnebpw AhcpsS hcpam\hpw At\zjn¨dnªXn\p tijw hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdm¡n A\phZnt¡− km¼¯nI klmbw kw_Ôn¨ in]mÀibpw klnXw Xmeq¡m^okntebv¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. hntÃPm^okn e`n¡p¶ {]IrXnt£m`w/hcĨm/AXymlnX At]£IÄ tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v Hcp cPnÌÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−Xpw [\klmbw A\phZn¨v Adnbn¸v e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ hcp¯pIbpw sNt¿−XmWv. 10) apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbn \n¶pÅ [\klmbw. apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbn \n¶pÅ [\klmb¯n\pÅ At]£ \nehn Hm¬sse\mbmWv ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xv. BbXntebv¡v www.cmdrf.kerala.gov.in F¶ sh_vsskäntebv¡v bqkÀs\bnw, ]mtkzÀUv F¶nh D]tbmKn¨v temKn³ sNbvXv {]thin¡Ww. AXmXv hntÃPv ]cn[nbnepÅ P\§Ä apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbn \n¶pÅ [\klmb¯n\mbn Hm¬ sse\mbn \ÂInb At]£IÄ AXmXv hntÃPv B^okÀamÀ¡v e`yamIpw. hntÃPv B^okÀamÀ At]£IÄ Hmtcm¶pw hniZambn ]cntim[n¨v X§fpsS A[nImc ]cn[nbneÃm¯ At]£IÄ XncnsI kaÀ¸nt¡−Xpw A[nImc ]cn[nbnepÅ At]£Ifnt·Â hniZamb At\zjWw \S¯n hniZamb dnt¸mÀ«pw in]mÀibpw klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v Hm¬ sse\mbn kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. At]£tbmsSm¸w kaÀ¸n¡m³ hn«p t]mb tcJIÄ hÃXpaps−¦n Bbh At]£I\n \n¶v e`yam¡n k-vIm³ sNbvXv At]£tbmsSm¸w tNÀ¡Ww. AkpJ _m[nXcpsS Imcy¯n \nÝnXamXrIbnepff 6 amk¯n\Iapff saUn¡Â kÀ«n^n¡äv, A]ISacWamsW¦n F I R, t]mÌvtamÀ«w dnt¸mÀ«v F¶nhbpsS ]IÀ¸pIÄ, Xo]nSn¯w \S¶ Øe§fn F I R , AKv\nia\ tk\bpsS dnt¸mÀ«v, At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\ F¶nh At]£tbmsSm¸w lmPcm¡Ww. 11 tZiob IpSpw_t£a ]²Xn Zmcn{Zy tcJbv¡v Xmsgbpff IpSpw_¯nse apJy A¶ZmXmhv acWs¸«m acWs¸« hyànbpsS `mcy/`À¯mhv, {]mb]qÀ¯nbmIm¯ a¡Ä, AhnhmlnXcmb s]¬a¡Ä, acWs¸« hyànsb B{ibn¨v Ignbp¶ AÑ\½amÀ F¶nhÀ¡mWv [\klmbw e`nbv¡p¶Xv. acWs¸« hyàn acWw kw`hn¡p¶Xn\v ap³]v aq¶phÀjw tIcf¯nse Ønc Xmak¡mc\mbncn¡Ww. acWs¸« hyànbpsS {]mbw18 \pw 60 \pw CSbv¡mbncn¡Ww. IqSmsX Sn IpSpw_w Zmcn{Zy tcJbv¡v Xmsgbpambncn¡Ww. acWw kw`hn¨v Hcp amk¯n\Iw At]£ kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡Ww. F¶m aXnbmb ImcWaps−¶v t_m[ys¸«m At]£ kaÀ¸n¡m\p−mb ImeXmakw am¸m¡p¶Xn\v PnÃmIfÎÀ¡v A[nImcap−v. At]£tbmsSm¸w acWkÀ«n^n¡änsâ km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸v, At]£I\v acWs¸« hyànbpambpff _Ôw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJ, acWs¸« hyànbpsS {]mbw sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJ, IpSpw_w Zmcn{Zy tcJbv¡v XmsgbmsW¶v sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pff tcJ, At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\, At]£ kaÀ¸n¡m³ ImeXmakap−mbm BbXn\pff amt¸t]£ F¶nhbpw DÄs¸«ncn¡Ww. At]£bnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯n hntÃPv B^okÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ s{]mt^mÀa dnt¸mÀ«pw ip]mÀibpw DÄs¸sS tcJIÄ klnXw c−v Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. 12 £btcmKnIÄ¡pff [\klmbw


\nÀ[\cmb £btcmKnIÄ¡v {]Xnamkw NnInÕm [\klmbambn \nÝnX XpI A\phZn¡p¶ ]²XnbmWnXv. Hcp hÀj¯ne[nIambn tIcf¯n ØncXmak¡mcmbhcpw Sn._n ¢n\n¡ntem Bip]{Xnbntem km\nt«mdnb¯ntem {]thin¸n¨n«nÃm¯Xpamb tcmKnIÄ¡mWv Cu [\klmb¯n\v AÀlX. 13þ12þ2013 XobXnbnse k.D. (ssI) 485/2013/B.Ip.h \¼À D¯chv {]Imcw Cu C\w [\klmb¯n\pÅ hmÀjnI hcpam\ ]cn[n Hcp e£w cq]bmbn \nPs¸Sp¯nbn«p−v. \nÝnX amXrIbnepÅ At]£, AknÌâv kÀP\n Ipdbm¯ saUn¡Â B^okdpsS km£y]{Xw F¶nh klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ \nÀ±nã {]t^mÀabnepÅ dnt¸mÀ«v, in]mÀi F¶nh klnXw c−v Znhk¯n\pÅn XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. 13) IpjvTtcmKnIÄ¡pÅ [\klmbw c−v hÀj¯ne[nIambn tIcf¯n Ønc XmakapÅ AKXnIfmb IpjvTtcmKnIÄ¡v {]Xnamkw [\klmbw \ÂIp¶ ]²XnbmWnXv. At]£tbmsSm¸w tcmKnbv¡v IpjvT tcmKamsW¶pw AbmÄ¡v XpSÀ NnInÕ BhiyamsW¶papÅ AknÌâv kÀP\n Ipdbm¯ Hcp saUn¡Â B^okdpsS km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡Ww. NphsS ]dbp¶hÀ [\klmb¯n\v AÀlcÃ. 1. hmÀjnI hcpam\w 1,00,000/- cq]tbm AXn IqSpXtem DÅhÀ. 2. ]Xnhmbn bmNI hr¯nbn GÀs¸«n«pÅhÀ. 3. KpcpXcamb IpäIrXy§Ä¡v Hcp hÀj¯n IqSpX Pbn in£bv¡v hn[n¡s¸«n«pÅhÀ. 4. Fkv.C.än skâdntem Bip]{Xnbntem t]cv cPnÌÀ sNbvXn«nÃm¯hcpw \nÀ±nã NnInÕbn Ignbm¯hcpamb hyànIÄ. 5. kuP\y NnInÕbpw Xmak kuIcyhpw e`yam¡p¶Xpw, IpjvTtcmK NnInÕ¡pth−n {]tXyIw kÖam¡nbn«pÅXpamb GsX¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ Bip]{Xnbntem aäv AwKoIrX Bip]{Xnbntem NnInÕbv¡pth−n {]thin¡s¸«n«pÅhÀ. 6. kwØm\ Kh¬satâm, tI{µ Kh¬satâm GsX¦nepw Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\tam {Kmâv e`n¡p¶ atäsX¦nepw AwKoIrX Øm]\tam GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ ]²Xn A\pkcn¨v GsX¦nepw [\klmbtam s]³jt\m e`n¡p¶hÀ. 7. kZmNmchncp²amb Ipä§Ä¡v in£n¡s¸«n«pÅhÀ \nÝnX tcJIÄ klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, s{]mt^mÀam dnt¸mÀ«v, in]mÀi F¶nh klnXw c−v Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. 14. Iym³kÀ tcmKnIÄ¡pÅ [\klmbw AKXnIfmb Iym³kÀ tcmKnIÄ¡v {]Xnamk [\klmbw \ÂIp¶ ]²XnbmWnXv. XpSÀ¨bmbn c−v hÀj¯n IpdbmsX tIcf¯n ØncXmak¡mcmbXpw hmÀjnI hcpam\w Hcp e£w cq]bn IpdhmbXpamb FÃm Iym³kÀ tcmKnIfpw [\klmb¯n\v AÀlcmWv. AknÌâv kÀP\n Ipdbm¯ tUmÎdpsS km£y]{Xw klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£, \nÀ±njvS s{]mt^mÀabnepÅ dnt¸mÀ«v, in]mÀi F¶nh klnXw c−v Znhk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡Ww. 15. AhiIemImc·mÀ¡pÅ s]³j³ tIcf¯n AhiX A\p`hn¡p¶ ]mhs¸« IemImc·mÀ¡v s]³j³ A\phZn¡p¶ ]²XnbmWnXv. kmwkv¡mcnI hIp¸v UbdÎtdäv hgnbmWv Cu s]³j³ \ÂIp¶Xv. \nÝnX tcJIÄ klnXw hntÃPv B^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£, \nÀ±nã {]t^mÀabn in]mÀi klnXw XlknÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XmWv. 16. kÀ¡kv IemIc·mÀ¡pÅ s]³j³


tIcf¯n kÀ¡kv sXmgnembn kzoIcn¨hcpw AhiXb\p`hn¡p¶hcpamb ]mhs¸« IemIc·mÀ¡v s]³j³ A\phZn¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]²XnbmWnXv. s]³j\pÅ AÀlXm am\ZÞ§Ä NphsS ]dbp¶hbmWv. 1. 15 hÀjsa¦nepw kÀ¡kn {]hÀ¯n¨hcmbncn¡Ww. 2. hmÀjnI hcpam\w 36000/- cq]bn Ipdhmbncn¡Ww. 3. IemIc·mÀ¡v 45 hbkpw IemImcnIÄ¡v 35 hbÊpw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ncn¡Ww. 4. A\ykwØm\ IemImc·mÀ/IemImcnIÄ BsW¦n tIcf¯n 10 hÀj¯n IqSpX Imew ØncXmakam¡nbncn¡Ww. kÀ¡kv IemImc·mÀ¡pÅ s]³j³ At]£tbmsSm¸w NphsS ]dbp¶ tcJIÄ lmPcm¡nbn«ps−¶v hntÃPv B^okÀ Dd¸phcpt¯−XmWv. 1. At]£I³ GXv kÀ¡kv Iemcq]hpambn«mWv _Ôs¸«v {]hÀ¯n¨n«pÅXv, F{XImeambn {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶p F¶nh sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJIÄ/km£y]{Xw. 2. hbkv sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pÅ tcJ. 3. At]£Isâ kXy{]kvXmh\.

A²ymbwþ23

hnhcmhImi \nbaw 1. Hcp s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhi¯ntem \nb{´W¯ntem DÅ GsXmcp hnhchpw ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\pw AhbpsS km£ys¸Sp¯nb ]IÀ¸pItfm km¼nfpItfm e`n¡p¶Xn\pw Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯n kq£n¨n«pÅ hnhc§Ä Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯ntem At]£I³ Bhiys¸Sp¶ cq]¯ntem e`n¡p¶Xn\papÅ AhImiamWv hnhcmhImi \nbaw Hcp ]uc\v \ÂIp¶Xv. Cu \nba {]Imcw C³Uy³ ]uc·mcmb hyànIÄ¡v am{XamWv hnhc§Ä e`n¡p¶Xn\v AhImiapÅXv. 2. hnhcmhImi \nba¯nse hIp¸v 2(F^v) {]Imcw GXp cq]¯nepapÅ hnhc§Ä ""hnhcw'' F¶ kwÚbn DÄs¸Sp¶p. s]mXp A[nImcn¡v e`n¨n«pÅXpw At±l¯nsâ kq£n¸nepÅXpamb FÃm tcJIfpw dn¡mÀUpIfpw Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯n kq£n¨n«pÅXmb tcJIfpw CXnsâ ]cn[nbn hcp¶p. 3. \nba¯nse 2(F¨v) hIp¸n \njv¡Àjn¨n«pÅXp {]Imcw s]mXp A[nImcn F¶Xv `cWLS\ {]Imctam \nba\nÀ½mW k`IÄ ]mÊm¡nbn«pÅ \nbaw hgntbm \nehn h¶tXm kÀ¡mÀ hnÚm]\ {]Imcw \nehn h¶tXm cq]oIcn¡s¸«tXm Bb A[nImcntbm Øm]\tam F¶À°amIp¶Xpw BbXn kÀ¡mcn \n¶v GsX¦nepw hn[¯n klmb[\w ssI¸äp¶ kÀ¡mcnXc kwLS\IÄ, kÀ¡mcn \n¶pw [\klmbw ssI¸äp¶tXm kÀ¡mcnsâ \nb{´W¯nepÅtXm Bb kwLS\IÄ F¶nh DÄs¸Sp¶XpamIp¶p. 4. tÌäv ]»nIv C³^taj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄþ (1) hnhcmhImi At]£IÄ kzoIcn¨v XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn Hmtcm s]mXp A[nImcØm]\¯nepw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamsc \ntbmKn¨n«pÅXmWv. At]£IÄ kzoIcn¨v ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpI, \ÂImhp¶ hnhc§Ä¡v \nÝnX ^okv CuSm¡n hnhc§Ä e`yam¡pI, Bhiys¸« hnhcw e`yam¡m³ \nÀÆmlanÃm¯ Ahkc§fn ImcyImcW klnXapÅ


adp]Sn At]£I\v \ÂIpI F¶nhbmWv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ (2) At]£bnse Bhiy§Ä hyàaÃ, At]£bn \yq\XIÄ ImWp¶p F¶p XpS§nb ImcW§fm At]£IÄ \nckn¡phm³ ]mSpÅXÃ. A§s\bpÅ ]£w Ah ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\mbn At]£Is\ klmbnt¡− NpaXe tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdn \n£n]vXamWv. (3) kwØm\s¯ FÃm hntÃPv Hm^okpIfnepw hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamcmbncn¡p¶Xpw, GsXmcp tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ¡pw ]uc\v hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xntebv¡mbn Bhiysa¶p tXm¶p¶ ]£w Xsâ Hm^oknse aäv DtZymKØcpsS tkh\w Bhiys¸Smhp¶Xpw C¯c¯n NpaXes¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn hogvN hcp¯p¶ ]£w At±ls¯ hIp¸v 5(5) {]Imcw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdmbn IW¡m¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw 5. AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ þ (1) ]uc·mÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, lÀPnIÄ F¶nh kzoIcn¨v ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw Ah bYm{Iaw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, A¸oe[nImcn F¶nhÀ¡v ssIamdpIbpw sN¿pI F¶nh AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIfmWv. F¶m A]£bntem lÀPnbntem AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ Xocpam\§Ä FSp¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. hnhcmhImi \nba {]Imcw e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ, lÀPnIÄ F¶nh ssIImcyw sN¿p¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v A\p_Ôw -þ  tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶ amXrIbnepÅ cPnÌÀ h¨pt]mtc−XmWv. (2) hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamcmbncn¡p¶Xpw F¶m H¶ne[nIw kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀamcpÅ ]£w ko\nbdmb kvs]jy hntÃPm^okÀ AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ Bbncn¡p¶XpamWv. F¶m GsX¦nepw hntÃPn kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ CÃmXncn¡p¶ Øm\¯v hntÃPv AknÌâv, AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXe hlnt¡−Xpw H¶ne[nIw hntÃPv AknÌâpamcpÅ kwKXnbn ko\nbdmb hntÃPv AknÌâv, AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ hlnt¡−XpamWv. 6) At]£IÄ kaÀ¸nt¡−Xvþ (1) Cw¥ojntem, lnµnbntem Øes¯ HutZymKnI `mjbntem DÅ At]£ _Ôs¸« tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ ap¼msItbm tÌäv AknÌâv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ ap¼msItbm kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. At]£bvs¡m¸w \nÝnX At]£m^okv IqSn lmPcm¡nbncn¡Ww. _n.]n.F hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p F¶ _Ôs¸« Xt±i kzbw`cW sk{I«dnbn \n¶pÅ km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶hsc At]£m^okv HSp¡p¶Xn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡nbn«pÅXmWv. F¶m ^okv AS¨n«nà F¶ ImcW¯m At]£ \nckn¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. C¯cw kwKXnIfn ^okv ASbv¡p¶Xn\v At]£It\mSv Bhiys¸Smhp¶Xpw ^okSbv¡pItbm ^okS¨Xmb tcJ lmPcm¡pItbm sNbvX XobXn apX am{Xw kab]cn[n IW¡m¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. (2) At]£ X¿mdm¡mt\m FgpXmt\m Adnbm¯ At]£I\v Bhiyamb klmbw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ sNbvXp sImSp¡m³ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. (3) At]£I³ Bhiys¸« hnhc§Ä asämcp s]mXp A[nImcnbpsS ssIhiamWpÅsX¦n {]kvXpX At]£ e`n¨v 5 Znhk§Ä¡pÅn _Ôs¸« s]mXp A[nImcn¡v ssIamtd−Xpw C{]Imcw ssIamdnbn«pÅ hnhcw At]£Is\ bYmkabw Adnbn¨ncnt¡−XpamWv. 7. At]£bnt·epÅ \S]SnIÄ-þ (1) At]£I³ Bhiys¸« hnhc§Ä s]mXp Ah[nIÄ DÄs¸sS ]camh[n 30 Znhk§Ä F¶ ]cn[nbv¡p hnt[bambn Ignbp¶Xpw thKw \ÂInbncn¡Ww. F¶m hyànbpsS Pohs\tbm, kz¯nt\tbm _m[n¡p¶


hnhc§fmWv Bhiys¸«n«pÅsX¦n BbXv At]£ e`n¨v 48 aWn¡qdn\Iw \ÂInbncn¡Ww (2) hnhcw e`yam¡p¶Xn\v IqSpX ^okv BhiyapÅ ]£w ^okv ASbv¡p¶Xn\v At]£It\mSv Bhiys¸Smhp¶Xpw ^okv IW¡m¡nb hn[w F{]Imcsa¶v At]£I\pÅ Adnbn¸n hyàamt¡−XpamWv. hnhcw e`yam¡p¶Xn\pw tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¡p¶Xn\pw \nÀ®bn¡s¸« \nc¡nepÅ ^okv CuSm¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m At]£I³ Zmcn{ZytcJbv¡v XmsgbpÅbmfmWv F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ _Ôs¸« Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\ sk{I«dnbn \n¶pÅ km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶ ]£w F4 hep¸¯nepÅ ]camh[n 20 t]PpIÄ F¶ ]cn[nbv¡p hnt[bambn Bhiys¸« hnhcw kuP\yambn A\phZn¡mhp¶XmWv. ^okSbv¡p¶Xnt\m, _n.]n.F km£y]{Xw e`yam¡p¶Xnt\m DÅ Adnbn¸p \ÂInb XobXn apX At]£I³ ^okS¨ hnhcw e`yam¡p¶tXm _n.]n.F km£y]{Xw e`yam¡p¶tXm Bb kabw hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn\v \nÝbn¡s¸«n«pÅ 30 Znhk Ime]cn[nbn \n¶pw Hgnhm¡p¶Xmbncn¡pw. 30 Znhk§Ä¡p tijw hnhcw A\phZn¡p¶ ]£w BbXv kuP\yambn \ÂtI−Xpw CXp kw_Ôambn s]mXp A[nImc Øm\¯n\p−mIp¶ \ãw _Ôs¸« DtZymKØ\n \n¶pw CuSm¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. (3)hnhcmhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ FÃm Fgp¯pIp¯pIfpw \St¯−Xv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ F¶ \nebnembncnt¡−Xpw Fgp¯pIp¯pIfn tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ Xsâ t]cpw HutZymKnI Øm\hpw tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. hnhc§Ä \ÂIpI, Bhiys¸« hnhc§Ä \nckn¨psIm−pÅ Adnbn¸pIÄ \ÂIpI, IqSpX ^okv Bhiys¸«pÅ Adnbn¸pIÄ \ÂIpI F¶o Ahkc§fnseÃmw A¸o Imemh[n, A¸oe[nImcnbpsS ta hnemkw F¶o hnhc§Ä At]£Is\ Adnbn¡m\pÅ _m[yXbpw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ¡p−v (4) hnhc§Ä \ÂIpt¼mÄ aq¶mw I£nbpsS A`n{]mbw IqSn ]cntim[nt¡−Xps−¶v tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ IcpXp¶psh¦n hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn\p ap¼mbpw At]£ e`n¨v 5 Znhk¯n\pÅnembpw aq¶mw I£nbv¡v CXp kw_Ôambn t\m«okv \ÂtI−Xpw t\m«okv e`n¨v 10 Znhk¯n\Iw aq¶mw I£n Xsâ A`n{]mbw tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^oksd Adnbnt¡−XpamWv. aq¶mw I£n bYmkabw adp]Sn lmPcm¡mXncp¶m At±l¯n\v FXnÀ¸nsö \nKa\¯n DNnXamb Xocpam\saSp¡mhp¶Xpw F¶m FXnÀ¸v Adnbn¡p¶ Ahkc¯n At]£bnt·Â Xocpam\saSp¡pt¼mÄ aq¶mw I£nbpsS A`n{]mbt¯¡mÄ s]mXp Xm¸cy¯n\v ap³KW\ \ÂtI−XpamWv. hIp¸v 2 (sI) {]Imcw aq¶mw I£n F¶Xn Hcp s]mXp A[nImcnbpw DÄs¸Sp¶p F¶Xv {it²bamWv. dh\yq Hm^okpIfn kÀ¡mÀ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn X¿mdm¡n kq£n¨ncn¡p¶ ]e tcJIfpw hyànIfpambn _Ôs¸«hbmWv. C¯cw hnhc§Ä ]uc·mÀ Bhiys¸Spt¼mÄ Ah aq¶mw I£n hnhc§fmbn ]cnKWnt¡−XnÃ. (DZm:þ X−t¸À A¡u−v, _n.än.BÀ apXembh). 8. A¸oepIÄ-þ (1) tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡p¶ At]£Ifnt·Â \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn Xocpam\saSp¡mXncn¡pt¼mtgm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS Xocpam\w Xr]vXnIcaÃmXncn¡pt¼mtgm At]£IÀ¡v _Ôs¸« A¸teäv AtXmdnän ap¼msI H¶mw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ hgnbmWv A¸o lÀPnIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶sX¦n AhÀ bYmkabw A¸o lÀPnIÄ A¸teäv AtXmdnänt¡m, tÌäv C³^Àtaj³ I½ojWÀt¡m Ab¨psImSp¡m³ _m[yØcmWv. (2) tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ \nbam\pkcWw Xocpam\saSpt¡− XobXn AYhm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS Xocpam\w e`n¨ XobXn apX 30 Znhk¯n\Iw H¶mw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. hntÃPv Hm^okpIfnse tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamcpsS \S]SnIÄs¡Xncmb H¶mw A¸oe[nImcn _Ôs¸« XlknÂZmcmbncn¡pw. (3) At]£Itfm A¸oepItfm kzoIcn¡m³ tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀamÀ hnk½Xn¡pI, \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn At]£bnt·Â {]XnIcWap−mImsX hcnI, ASbv¡m\mhiys¸« ^okv kw_Ôambn At]£I\v


Bt£]w D−mIpI, \ÂIs¸« hnhc§Ä A]qÀ®tam sXän²mcWmP\Itam BsW¶v At]£I³ IcpXpI F¶obhkc§fn At]£I\v kwØm\ C³^Àtaj³ I½oj³ ap¼msI ]cmXn t_m[n¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. 9. At]£m ^okpw, ]IÀ¸n\pÅ sNehp ^okpw:þ (1) tImÀ«v ^okv Ìm¼v ]Xnt¨m, {Sjdnbn ]WaS¨v Ak sNem³ lmPcm¡ntbm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsS Hm^okn t\cn«v ]WaSt¨m tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm t]cn Unamâv {Um^väv, _mt¦gvkv sN¡v, t] HmÀUÀ F¶nh FSpt¯m \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ At]£m ^okn\¯nepff XpI ASbv¡mhp¶XmWv. _Ôs¸« Xt±iØm]\ sk{I«dnbn \n¶pw Zmcn{ZytcJbv¡p Xmsgbpff hn`mK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p F¶ km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶ At]£IÀ At]£m ^okv ASbvt¡−XnÃ. (2) ISemkpcq]¯nepw Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯nepw \ÂIp¶ hnhc§Ä¡v \nÀ®bn¡s¸« ^okv t\cn«Sbv¡pItbm, {SjdnbneS¨ sNem³ lmPcm¡pItbm tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okdpsStbm t]cnseSp¯ Unamâv {Um^väv, _mt¦gvkv sN¡v, t] HmÀUÀ F¶nhbntesX¦nepw lmPcm¡pItbm sN¿mhp¶XmWv. _n.]n.F hn`mK¯nÂs¸«hÀ¡v km£y]{Xw lmPcm¡p¶ ]£w F4 hen¸¯nepÅ ]camh[n 20 t]PpIÄ F¶ ]cn[nbv¡p hnt[bambn hnhcw kuP\yambn A\phZn¡p¶p. (3) At]£I³ tcJIÄ t\cn ]cntim[n¡m³ Bhiys¸Sp¶ ]£w tcJbpsS ]cntim[\bv¡v BZy Hcp aWn¡qÀ ^okv Bhiys¸Sm³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. F¶m XpSÀ¶pÅ Hmtcm AcaWn¡qdn\pw AXnsâ Awi¯n\pw \nÝnX \nc¡nepÅ ^okv CuSmt¡−XmWv. 10. ^okv, sNehpIÄ F¶nhbv¡pÅ ioÀjI§Ä:þ (1) At]£m ^okv, hnhcw e`yam¡p¶Xn\pÅ sNehv ^okv, tcJm ]cntim[\bv¡pÅ ^okv F¶nh At]£I³ kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn HSp¡phcp¯p¶psh¦n BbXv 0070þ60þ118þ99þReceipts under the Right to Information Act, 2005 F¶ ioÀjI¯nembncn¡Ww (2) Zmcn{Zy tcJbv¡v XmsgbpÅhÀ¡v kuP\yambn hnhcw \ÂIpI, kz´ambn ]Ww sNehgn¡m³ A[nImcanÃm¯ Hm^okpIfn \n¶pw hnhcw \ÂtI−n hcnI F¶o Ahkc§fn CXntebv¡mbn sNehm¡p¶ XpI AXXv Hm^oknsâ '05þ4 Hm^okv sNehpIÄ''/ ""aän\§Ä'', '34þ aäp sNehpIÄ'' F¶o D]ioÀjI§fn \n¶pw hln¡mhp¶XmWv. IqSmsX hnhcmhImi \nba{]Imcw At]£I³ AS¨ XpI XncnsI \ÂtI− kmlNcyap−mbm 0070þ60þ900þ99 F¶ {Sjdn ioÀjI¯n \n¶pw Ipdhp sNbvXv XpI A\phZn¡mhp¶XpamWv.

A²ymbwþ24

t]m¡phchv AYhm Paamäw 1. Dt±iy e£y§Äþ tkh\§Ä kab_ÔnXambpw IrXyXtbmsSbpw e`yam¡p¶psh¶v Dd¸v hcp¯p¶Xntebv¡mbn kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ 2012 \hw_À H¶mw XobXn {]m_ey¯n tIcf kwØm\¯v tkh\mhImi \nbaw \S¸n hcp¯pIbp−mbn. Cu \nba {]Imcw Hmtcm hIp¸pIfpw Øm]\§fpw hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§Ä s]mXpP\§Ä¡v \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn e`yam¡pI F¶XmWv Cu \nba¯nsâ Dt±iyw 2. tkh\w F¶mÂþ kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pIÄ, Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§Ä, s]mXptaJem Øm]\§Ä, aäp \nbam[njvTnX Øm]\§Ä F¶nh Cu \nba{]Imcw hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§sfbmWv 2 Pn hIp¸v {]Imcw tkh\w F¶À°am¡p¶Xv.


\nba¯nse 2 F^v hIp¸v {]Imcw, Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ hnÚm]\¯n {]Xn]mZn¨n«pÅ GsXmcp tkh\hpw \nÝnX kab ]cn[nbv¡pÅn e`n¡pI F¶Xv AÀl\mb Hcp At]£Isâ AhImiamWv 3. At]£þ (1) tkh\mhImi \nba{]Imcw hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸« tkh\§Ä e`n¡p¶Xv B tkh\§Ä e`n¡phm³ AÀlXbpÅ At]£I\v am{XamWv. AXmbXv Hcp tkh\w e`n¡m³ \nehnse \nba§Ä {]Imcw GsXÃmw am\ZÞ§Ä Asæn \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]ment¡−Xpt−m AhsbÃmw Cu \nba{]ImcapÅ At]£Ifnepw _m[IamWv. (2) Cu \nbaw \nehn h¶Xn\ptijw tkh\mhImi \nba¯n DÄs¸«n«pÅ tkh\§Ä¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ At]£IÄ FÃmw Xs¶ tkh\mhImi \nba {]ImcapÅ At]£IfmbmWv ]cnKWn¡s¸SpI. At]£Ifnsem¶pw Xs¶ ""tkh\mhImi \nba {]ImcapÅXv'' F¶p tcJs¸Spt¯−XnÃm¯XmWv. Hm^okn e`n¡p¶ At]£IÄ hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§fn DÄs¸«n«pÅ ]£w tkh\mhImi \nba {]ImcapÅ am\ZÞ§Ä ]men¨v \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\w e`yam¡m³ \nbpà DtZymKس _m²yØ\mWv. hnÚm]\w sN¿s¸«n«pÅ tkh\§Ä kab_ÔnXambn e`yam¡pI F¶Xv AhImiam¡pIbmWv tkh\mhImi \nbaw \S¸nem¡pI hgnbp−mb amäw. CXmIs« tkh\§Ä e`yam¡p¶Xn\v \nehnep−mbncp¶ \S]Sn{Ia§fn bmsXmcp amä§Ä¡pw CSbm¡nbn«nÃm¯XpamWv. 4. \nbpà DtZymKسþ (1) \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\§Ä e`yam¡p¶Xn\mbn Hmtcm Hm^oknepw hnÚm]\ {]Imcw NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ DtZymKØs\bmWv \nbpà DtZymKس F¶p hnfn¡p¶Xv. \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\w e`yamt¡−Xnsâ ]qÀ®amb NpaXe \nbpà DtZymKØ\p−mbncn¡pw. (2) tkh\§Ä e`yam¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ At]£IÄ \nbpà DtZymKØt\m At±lw \nba]cambn NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ aäv DtZymKØtcm ssI¸tä−Xpw At]£ e`n¨mepS³ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶ amXrIbnepÅ ssI¸äv ckoXv \ÂIpIbpw sNt¿−XmWv. tkh\w e`yam¡p¶Xn\v \nehnepÅ am\ZÞ§fpw hyhØIfpw ]men¨n«nsæntem Bhiyamb tcJIÄ kaÀ¸n¨n«nsæntem B hnhcw ssI¸äv ckoXn tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂInbncn¡Ww ^mdw \¼Àþ1

(2012 se tIcf kwØm\ tkh\mhImi N«§fnse 4þmw N«w ImWpI)

ssI¸äv No«v Abbv¡p¶ BÄ (\nbpà DtZymKس/ A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس) ....................................... .......................................

kÀ,

Int«− BÄ ..................................... .....................................

hnjbw:þ 2012 se tIcf kwØm\ tkh\mhImi ssI¸äÂþkw_Ôn¨v. kqN\:þ \n§fpsS ..................mw XobXnbnse At]£.

\nbawþAt]£bpsS


********** kqN\bn ]cmaÀin¨n«pÅ \n§fpsS At]£ ssI¸änbXmbn Rm³ CXn\m Adnbn¡p¶p. At]£bnse Xmsg ]dbp¶ \yq\XIÄ ASnb´ncambn ]cnlcnt¡−XmWv. (\yq\XIÄ Fs´¦nepw Ds−¦n {]tXyIw ]dbpI) 1) 2) hnizkvXXtbmsS kYew: DtZymKس/ XobXn: A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸« DtZymKس)

(\nbpà

(Hm^okv ap{Z) 5. t\m«okv t_mÀUn hnhc§Ä {]ZÀin¸n¡Âþ (1) tkh\mhImi \nba {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§Ä, \nÝnX kab]cn[n, tkh\w e`n¡p¶Xn\v At]£tbmsSm¸w kaÀ¸nt¡− tcJIÄ, tkh\w e`yam¡m³ NpaXebpÅ \nbpà DtZymKس, H¶mw A¸o A[nImcn F¶nhsc kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§fpw tkh\mhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ t^md§fpsS amXrIIfpw FÃm Hm^okpIfnepw s]mXpP\§Ä¡v ImWm³ Ignbp¶ hn[¯n \nÀ_Ôambpw {]ZÀin¸nt¡−XmWv. (2) t\m«okn {]ZÀin¸n¨n«nÃm¯Xmb am\ZÞ§tfm hyhØItfm GÀs¸Sp¯p¶Xnt\m t\m«okn {]Zn]mZn¨n«nÃm¯Xmb tcJIÄ Bhiys¸Smt\m \nbpà DtZymKØ\v A[nImcanÃm¯XmWv. 2. At]£Ifnt·epÅ \S]SnIÄ-þ (1) At]£bnt·Â tkh\w e`n¡m³ At]£I\v AÀlXbps−¦n hnÚm]\ {]Imcw {]kvXpX tkh\¯n\v A\phZn¨ncn¡p¶ kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\w e`yamt¡−XmWv. tkh\¯n\v AÀlXbnà F¶vv \nbpà DtZymKØ\v t_m²yapÅ Ahkc§fn BbXn\pÅ ImcWw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m−v \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn hnhcw tcJmaqew At]£Is\ Adnbn¨ncn¡Ww. (2) At]£Ifn \yq\XIÄ DÅ ]£tam \nÝnX tcJIÄ lmPcm¡nbn«nÃm¯t¸mtgm BbXnsâ hnhc§Ä \nbpà DtZymKس ssI¸äp ckoXn Xs¶ tcJs¸Sp¯n \ÂtI−XmWv. CtX XpSÀ¶v At]£I³ tcJIÄ lmPcm¡p¶ XobXn apX am{Xta kab]cn[n Bcw`n¡pIbpÅq. (3) tkh\§Ä \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ \nÝnX kab]cn[n IW¡m¡p¶Xn \n¶pw s]mXp Ah[n Zn\§Ä Hgnhm¡p¶XmWv. 7. A¸oepIÄþ (1) \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡pÅn tkh\w e`yaÃmXncn¡pItbm Asæn At]£ \nckn¡s¸SpItbm sN¿p¶ Ahkc§fn At]£I\v H¶mw A¸oe[nImcn ap¼msI A¸o t_m[n¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. At]£ \nckn¨ XobXn apX AYhm tkh\w e`nt¡− kab]cn[n Ahkm\n¡p¶ XobXn apX 30 Znhk¯n\IamWv A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶Xv. F¶m aXnbmb ImcWaps−¶v A¸oe[nImcn¡v t_m²ys¸Sp¶ ]£w 30 Znhkw Ignªp kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶ A¸oepIfpw kzoIcn¡p¶XmWv. A¸oepIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w ^okpIÄ H¶pw Xs¶ \njv¡Àjn¨n«nÃm¯XmWv. (2) H¶mw A¸oe[nImcnbpsS Xocpam\¯n At]£I³ Xr]vX\sæntem \nÝnX kab]cn[nbv¡Iw H¶mw A¸o XoÀ¸m¡mXncn¡pt¼mtgm At]£I\v c−mw A¸oe[nImcn ka£w A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. H¶mw A¸o XoÀ¸mt¡− kab]cn[n Ahkm\n¡p¶ XobXn apXtem H¶mw A¸o Xocpam\¯nsâ XobXn apXtem


60 Znhk¯n\Iw c−mw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡mhp¶XmWv. F¶m aXnbmb ImcWaps−¶v A¸oe[nImcn¡v t_m²ys¸Sp¶ ]£w 60 Znhk¯n\p tijw kaÀ¸n¡p¶ A¸oepIfpw kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. c−mw A¸o kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\pw ^okpIsfm¶pw Xs¶ \njv¡Àjn¨n«nÃm¯XmWv. (3) H¶mw A¸oe[nImcnbpsStbm c−mw A¸oe[nImcnbpsStbm A¸o XoÀ¸p I¸n¨psIm−pÅ \nÀt±i§Ä A\pkcn¡m³ \nbpà DtZymKس _m[yØ\mWv. bpànklaÃmsX tkh\w e`yam¡p¶Xn hogvN hcp¯pItbm bYmkabw tkh\w \ÂImXncn¡pItbm sN¿p¶ DtZymKØs\Xnsc ]ng Npa¯p¶Xn\pw kÀÆokv N«§Ä {]Imcw A¨S¡ \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡mÅm³ ip]mÀi sN¿p¶Xn\pw c−mw A¸o A[nImcn¡v A[nImcap−v. 8. tkh\mhImi \nba {]Imcw hntÃPv Hm^okn \n¶pw e`yamIp¶ tkh\ hnhc§Äþ \w tkh\§fpsS c−mw hnhcw A¸oe[nImcn 1 hcpam\ UnhnjW kÀ«n^n¡äv 2

PmXn kÀ«n^n¡äv

kab]cn[n

\nbpà DtZymKس

6 Znhk¯n\Iw

hntÃPv

H¶mw A¸oe[nImcn XlknÂZmÀ

Hm^okÀ

kwibanÃm¯ tIkpIfn 3

Hm^okÀ

3 Znhk¯n\Iw

5 ssIhimhImi 7 kÀ«n^n¡äv Znhk¯n\Iw

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

“ (SC/ST HgnsI) 3

hmtezj³ kÀ«n^n¡äv

Znhk¯n\Iw

15

“ (5 e£w cq. hsc) Znhk¯n\Iw 4

dknU³jy kÀ«n^n¡äv

“ 6

dntej³jn¸v kÀ«n^n¡äv

“ 7 “

^manen sa¼Àjn¸v

6 Znhk¯n\Iw

dh\yq


kÀ«n^n¡äv 8 tkmÄh³kn kÀ«n^n¡äv

15 Znhk¯n\Iw

9 F) sUmanssk 3 kÀ«n^n¡äv Znhk¯n\Iw

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

10 Xncn¨dnb kÀ«n^n¡äv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

11

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

14 h¬ & skbnw 5 kÀ«n^n¡äv Znhk¯n\Iw

“ (5e£w cq.hsc)

“ _n) t\änhnän kÀ«n^n¡äv “

“ hn[h kÀ«n^n¡äv

“ 12

t\m¬ do amtcyPv

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

“ kÀ«n^n¡äv 13

sse^v kÀ«n^n¡äv

“ 15

16

t\m¬ {IoansebÀ “ kÀ«n^n¡äv AKXn kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

“ 17

B{inX

7


kÀ«n^n¡äv

Znhk¯n\Iw

“ 18

s]mkj³ & t\m¬ Aäm¨vsaâv kÀ«n^n¡äv 19 semt¡j³ kÀ«n^n¡äv

7 Znhk¯n\Iw

5 Znhk¯n\Iw

“ 20

t]m¡phchv \nba XSktam (k_v Unhnj³ kmt¦XnI

“ CÃm¯h)

XSktam Csæn 40 Znhk¯n\Iw

`mKwþ VII hntÃPv cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpw ]cntim[\bpw A²ymbwþ25

cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpw 1. `q`cW kw_Ôamb {]mcw` tPmenIÄ hntÃPv Xe¯nemWv Bcw`n¡p¶Xv. AXn\m Xs¶ dh\yq `cWs¯bpw `q\nIpXnbn\¯nepÅ apXens\bpw kw_Ôn¡p¶ FÃm cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpw X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−Xv hntÃPv Hm^oknemWv. cPnÌdpIsf Øncw cPnÌÀ XmÂImenI cPnÌÀ F¶n§s\ c−mbn Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. Øncw cPnÌdpIÄ, Xm¡menI cPnÌdpIÄ, A¡u−pIÄ F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ hniZhnhc§Ä amXrIbn klnXw NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p.

(F) Øncw cPnÌdpIÄ 2. skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ-þ (1) -dh\yq `cW¯nse Øncw cPnÌdpIfn Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ BIp¶p. dh\yq skänÂsaâv ImeL«¯n skänÂsaâv hIp¸v X¿mdm¡n dh\yq `cW¯n\v ssIamdnb {]kvXpX cPnÌdn \nIpXn Npa¯nbpw AÃm¯Xpamb FÃm hkvXp¡fpsSbpw kÀth \¼À, C\w, Xcw, hnkvXoÀ®w, `qanbpsS Icw ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbpÅ \nIpXn \nc¡v F¶o hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. hntÃPv cPnÌdpIfpsSbpw A¡u−pIfpsSbpw ASnØm\ cPnÌdmb skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ AS¦Â, F cPnÌÀ F¶o t]cpIfnepw Adnbs¸Sp¶p. `qanbpsS C\w, Xcw F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ B[nImcnI {KÙw F¶ \nebn FÃm¡mehpw Øncambn kq£nt¡− cPnÌdmIp¶p skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ AYhm F cPnÌÀ. skänÂsaâv ImeL«¯n kÀhth sNbvXn«nÃm¯ `qanIsf ]n¡me¯v kÀtÆ sN¿pt¼mÄ A{]Imcw kÀtÆ sNbvX `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅn¡p¶Xn\mbn skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ AYhm ‘F’ cPnÌÀ, skänÂsaâv ImeL«¯n kÀtÆ sNbvXn«nÃm¯ `qanIsf ]nÂIme¯v kÀtÆ sN¿pt¼mÄ A{]Imcw


kÀtÆ sNbvX `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅn¡p¶Xn\mbn skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnsâ H¶mw A\p_Ôambn Hcp cPnÌdpw skänÂsaân\p tijw `qanbnep−mIp¶ Øncw amä§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\mbn skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnsâ c−mw A\p_Ôsa¶ asämcp cPnÌdpw hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kq£n¨p hcp¶p. skänÂsaâv Ime¯v kÀth sNbvXn«nÃm¯Xpw AXn\p tijw kÀth sNbvX {]tXyI hyhØbn³tatem hntijm N«§f\pkcnt¨m ]Xn¨p sImSp¯n«pÅXpamb `qanIfpsS hnhc§fmWv skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnsâ H¶mw A\p_Ô¯n DÄs¸Spt¯−Xv. Htcm kÀth \¼dnepw k_vUnhnj\nepw DÄs¸«n«pÅ `qan¡v skänÂsaân\p tijw D−mIp¶ Øncw amä§Ä c−mw A\p_Ô¯nemWv tNÀt¡−Xv. AXmbXv skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ IqSmsX H¶mw A\p_Ô¯nse `qanIÄ¡v ]n¶oSp−mIp¶ amä§fpsS hnhc§fpw c−mw A\p_Ô¯n DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. A{]Imcw tNÀ¯ hnhc¯n\v skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnse dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n c−mw A\p_Ô¯nse {Ia \¼À tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. C{]Imcw H¶mw A\p_Ô cPnÌÀ, c−mw A\p_Ô cPnÌÀ F¶nhbn amä§Ä¡\pkcWambn tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ hcpt¯−Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okcpsS ISabmIp¶p. 3. ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ-þ (1) Hcp hntÃPneÅ FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIepsSbpw ]Xnhp `qanIfpsSbpw kÀth \¼À {Ia¯nepÅ hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ Øncw cPnÌdmWv ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌÀ (Basic Tax Register) Cu cPnÌdn kÀtÆ \¼À {Ia¯nepÅ `qanbpsS Xcw, hnkvXoÀ®w, ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn, `q DSabpsS t]cv, X−t¸À \¼À F¶o hnhc§fmWv tNÀ¡p¶Xv. Hmtcm kÀtÆ \¼cnepÅ hnhc§Ä {Iam\pKXambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xn\m {]kvXpX cPnÌdn \n¶pw Hcp \nÀ±nã kÀtÆ \¼cnepÅ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä a\knem¡p¶Xn\v hfsc Ffp¸amWv. skänÂsaâv cPnÌÀ t]mse Xs¶ Øncambn kq£nt¡− cPnÌdmWv ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdpw. (2) dokÀtÆsb XpSÀ¶v X¿mdm¡nbn«pÅ ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdn DÄs¸« `qanIÄ¡v dokÀsÆbv¡v tijw Øncambn amäap−mIp¶psh¦n A¯cw amä§Ä ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnsâ A\p_Ôambn kq£n¡p¶ k¹nsaâv cPnÌdpIfn tcJs¸Spt¯−Xv hntÃPv AknÌânsâ/ kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS ISabmIp¶p. (3) `qan ]Xnhv, t]m¡phchv, `qan s]m¶pw hnebv¡v FSp¡Â, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, A\yw \nÂ]v F¶n§s\bpÅ ImcW§fm skänÂsaân\p tijw `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯nt\m, `q\nIpXnt¡m D−mIp¶ FÃm amä§fpw A\p_Ô cPnÌdmb ‘_n’ cPnÌdnemWv tNÀt¡−XmWv. ‘_n’cPnÌdnse tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ XpSÀ¨bmbpÅXpw {Ia \¼À Ie−À hÀj {Ia¯ntem AÃmsXtbm Ahkm\n¸n¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯XpamIp¶p. F¶m k_v Unhnj³ BhiyanÃm¯Xpw `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯nt\m \nIpXnt¡m amäw kw`hn¡m¯Xpamb t]m¡phchv tIkpIÄ c−mw A\p_Ô¯n tXÀt¡−XnÃm¯XmWv. c−mw A\p_Ô¯n tNÀ¡p¶ Hmtcm C\¯n\pw t\À¡v dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n D¯chp \¼dpw XobXnbpw amä¯nsâ kz`mhhpw (AXmbXv `qan ]Xnhv, t]m¡phchv F¶n§s\) tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. Hcp ]pdt¼m¡nsâ Hcwiw k_vUnhnj³ sNbvXv ]Xn¨p sImSp¡pt¼mtgm \nIpXn Npa¯nb `qanbpsS Hcp `mKw k_vUnsshUv sNbvXv t]m¡phchv sN¿pt¼mtgm A{]Imcw ]Xn¨p sImSp¯tXm t]m¡phchv sNbvXtXm Bb k_v Unhnj³ am{Xta c−mw A\p_Ô¯n tNÀ¡mhq. ]Xn¨p sImSp¡m¯tXm t]m¡phchv sN¿m¯tXm Bb Awiw c−mw A\p_Ô¯n tNÀ¡m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. IStem Imbtem tXmtSm Ibdn hkvXp Øncambn \ãs¸Sp¶Xp sImt−m GsX¦nepw ImcWhim ]pXpXmbn `qan cq]w sImÅp¶Xp sImt−m `qanbpsS sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®¯nt\m `q\nIpXnt¡m Fs´¦nepw amäw kw`hn¨m {]kvXpX amä§Ä kw_Ôn¨ hnhchpw skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnsâ c−mw A\p_Ô¯n DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. 4. Øncw cPnÌdpIen amäw hcp¯m³ ]mSnsöv -þ `qanbnep−mIp¶ amä§Ä¡\pkcWambn Øncw cPnÌdpIfmb skänÂsaâv cPnÌdntem ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdntem bmsXmcp amä§fpw tcJs¸Sp¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. C¯cw amä§Ä A\p_Ô cPnkv{ddpIfn am{XamWv tcJs¸Spt¯−Xv. amä§fp−mIp¶ ]£w skänÂsaâv cPnÌdns\ kw_Ôn¨v c−mw A\p_Ô cPnÌdnsebpw ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdns\ kw_Ôn¨v _n cPnÌdnsebpw {Ia \¼dpIÄ skänÂsaâv cPnÌdnsetbm


ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdnsetbm _Ôs¸« kÀth/ k_v Unhnj³ \¼dn\p t\scbpÅ dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n tcJs¸Sp¯pIbmWv th−Xv.

(_n) Xm¡menI cPnÌdpIÄ 5. H¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀþ (1) skänÂsaâv cPnÌdpw ASnØm\ `q\nIpXn cPnÌdpw {]ImcapÅ ]pdt¼m¡pw AÃm¯Xpambn FÃm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶ cPnÌdmWv H¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ AYhm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIsf kw_Ôn¡p¶ cPnÌÀ. CXv c−v `mK§fmbmWv X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−Xv. H¶mw `K¯n ]pdt¼m¡p `qanIsf kw_Ôn¨pÅXpw c−mw `mK¯n Xcnip `qanIfpsS hnhc§fpamWv tNÀt¡−Xv. kÀth \¼À {I¯nemWv. Cu cPnÌÀ FgpXn X¿mdmt¡−Xv. kÀ¡mÀ `qan ]Xn¨p \ÂIp¶Xp \nan¯tam aäp ImcW§fmtbm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanbnep−mIp¶ Ipdhpw s]m¶pwhne \S]SnIfneqsS `qan kÀ¡mcnte¡v GsäSp¡p¶Xp \nan¯tam aäp ImcW§fmtbm kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfpsS hnkvXoÀ®¯nep−mIp¶ IqSpXepw bYmkabw cPnÌdn ]Xnt¡−XmWv. Iqdhp−mIp¶ ]£w Hmtcm¶nsâbpw \¼cn\p t\À¡v dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n ]Xn¡pIbpw IqSpX D−mIp¶psh¦n Ah ]gb \¼cpIÄ¡v XpSÀ¨bmbn ]pXnb {Ia \¼À tNÀ¯v FgpXnt¨À¡pIbpw thWw. C{]Imcw hnkvXoÀ®¯nep−mIp¶ IqSpX cPnÌdn tNÀ¡pt¼mÄ dokÀtÆ Ignªn«pÅ ]£w _n \¼cpw (_n cPnÌdnse tcJs¸Sp¯ensâ {Ia \¼À) AÃm¯ ]£w _Ôs¸« D¯chnsâ \¼cpw XobXnbpw H¶mw \¼À cPnÌdnsâ dnamÀ¡v tImf¯n tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. Hmtcm hÀjmhkm\hpw ap³ sImÃs¯ IW¡p {]ImcapÅ hnkvXoÀ®hpw X³hÀj¯nep−mIp¶ IqSpX Ipdhnsâ hnkvXoÀ®hpw FSps¯gptX−Xpw hÀjmhkm\w _m¡n \n¡p¶ ]pdt¼m¡pIfpsSbpw XcnipIfpsSbpw sam¯w hnkvXoÀ®w F{Xsb¶p ImWn¡p¶ kw{Klw tNÀt¡−XpamWv. (2) H¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ Hcp ]pkvXI {Ia¯n X¿mdm¡n XpSÀ¨bmbn A©p sImÃw hsc D]tbmKn¡mhp¶Xmav. hÀjw tXmdpw D−mIp¶ amä§Ä bYmkabw tcJs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw hÀjm´y IW¡v Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p th−n Hmtcm hÀjmhkm\hpw kw{Klw X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pw hogvN hcp¯m³ ]mSpÅXÃ. A©p hÀjw Ignªv cPnÌÀ amän FgpXpt¼mÄ kÀth \¼cnIfpsSbpw k_v Unhn,\pIfpsSbpw {Ia¯n Ahsb icnbmbn FgptXavSXpw \mfXp hscbpfve FÃm amä§fpw DÄs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. 6. c−mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (kwØm\¯n\p ]pd¯pÅ kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡fpsS cPnÌÀ)þ aäp kwØm\§fntem tI{µ `cW{]tZi§fntem ØnXn sN¿p¶Xpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcnsâ A[o\XbnepÅXpamb `qanIsf kw_Ôn¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. Cu cPnÌÀ FÃm hntÃPpIfnepw h¨p t]mtc−nXnÃ. kwØm\¯n\p ]pd¯pÅ `qanIfpsS `cW¨paXe GXp hntÃPnemtWm \n£n]vXam¡nbn«pÅXv, A¯cw hntÃPpIfn am{Xta C{]ImcapÅ cPnÌÀ kq£nt¡−XpÅq. DZmlcWambn \yqUÂlnbnse tIcfm lukv ØnXn sN¿p¶ Øew kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä Xncph\´]pcw Xmeq¡nse h©nbqÀ hntÃPn kq£n¨n«pÅ cPnÌdnepw Xangv\mSv sNt¦m« Xmeq¡nse Ipämew sIm«mcw ØnXn sN¿p¶ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä sImÃw PnÃbnse ]¯\m]pcw Xmeq¡nse Bcy¦mhv hntÃPn kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌdnepw DÄs¸Spt¯−XmWv. 7. aq¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀþ dh\yq hIp¸nsâ A[o\XbnepÅ `qanIfnse hr£hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. dh\yq hIp¸nsâ t\cn«pÅ \nb{´W¯nepw ssIhi¯nepapÅ kÀ¡mÀ hI `qanIfnse FÃmbn\w hr£§fpsSbpw C\w, Npäph®w, \ofw, AfhpIÄ tiJcn¨ XobXn F¶o hnhc§Ä Cu cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£nt¡−XmWv. {]kvXpX hr£§Ä hntÃPv AknÌtâm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^oktdm Bdpamk¯nsemcn¡Â ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw ]cntim[n¨ hnhcw XobXn klnXw cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. Cu cPnÌÀ 5 hÀjw IqSpt¼mÄ amäsbgptX−Xpw amänsbgpXp¶ Ahkc¯n hr£§fpsS Afhp hnhc§Ä \mfXoIcnt¡−XpamWv. 8. \memw \¼À cPnÌÀ (tXm« `qanIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ hntÃPnse tXm«hnfIfpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶Xpw tXm« \nIpXn Npa¯p¶Xn\p th−n D]tbmKs¸Sp¯mhp¶Xpamb cPnÌdmWnXv. hntÃPv ]cn[nbnepÅ FÃm tXm«hnfIsfbpw kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä Cu


cPnÌdn tNÀ¡pIbpw Hmtcm km¼¯nI hÀjw Ahkm\n¸n¡pt¼mgpw tXm«`qanIÄ ]cntim[n¨v cPnÌÀ ]pXp¡n FgpXpIbpw sN¿Ww. 9. A©mw \¼À cPnÌÀþ (t]m¡p hchv tIkpIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ cPntÌÀUv `qanIfpsS ssIamä§fpambn _Ôs¸« t]m¡phchv hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ Cu cPnÌdn\v c−v `mK§fp−v H¶mw `mK¯n t]m¡phchn\mbn hntÃPn e`n¨ At]£IfpsS hnhc§fpw c−mw `mK¯n XlkoÂZmÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡p¶ dnt¸mÀ«nsâ hnhc§fpw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. 10. Bdmw \¼À cPnÌÀþ hntÃPv ]cn[nbnse ]Xn¨p sImSp¡mhp¶ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. PnÃm IfÎÀ ]pXpXmbn AwKoIcn¨p hcp¶ ]Xnhp enÌv {]ImcapÅ `qanbpsS hnhc§Ä bYmkabw Cu cPnÌdn Iq«nt¨À¡pIIbpw ]Xn¨p \ÂInb `qanIfpsS hnkvXoÀ®w \nÀ±nã tImf¯n tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw sN¿Ww. 11. Ggmw \¼À cPnÌÀþ (]Xnhv At]£m cPnÌÀ)þ `qan ]Xn¨p In«p¶Xn\pÅ dnt¸mÀ«n\mbn e`n¨ At]£IfpsS hnhc§Ä ImWn¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. 12. F«mw \¼À cPnÌÀ(cmPIob hr£§fpsSbpw ]Xnhp \n_Ô\IfpsSbpw cPnÌÀ)þ `qan ]Xn¨p \ÂIpt¼mÄ GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ {]tXyI hyhØIfpsSbpw kÀ¡mcnte¡v AhImiw \ne\nÀ¯nbn«pÅ sjUyqÄUv hr£§Ä, dnkÀhv hr£§Ä F¶nhbpsSbpw hnhc§Ä tNÀ¡p¶ cPnÌÀ. ]«b hyhØ ewLn¡p¶pt−msb¶pw cmPIob hr£§Ä kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶pt−m F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨pw B\pImenI ]cntim[\ \S¯m³ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ _m[yØcmWv. 13. ¼Xmw \¼À cPnÌÀ (kÀ¡mcnte¡v hns«mgnª `qanIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ kÀ¡mcne¡v `qan hns«mgnªXmb dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okdpsS D¯chv e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v Cu cPnÌÀ FgpXn X¿mdmt¡−Xpw X−t¸À A¡u−v kÀ¡mÀ `qanbpsS cPnÌÀ F¶nhbn th− amä§Ä tcJs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. 14. ]¯mw \¼À cPnkäÀ (t_m«vþC³þem³Uv cPnÌÀ)þ dh\yq dn¡hdn \nba {]Imcw kÀ¡mcnte¡v hnehm§n ]pdt¼m¡n DÄs¸Sp¯p¶ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. X−t¸À A¡u−v, ]pdt¼m¡v cPnÌÀ F¶nhbnepw Bhiyamb amä§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. 15. ]Xns\m¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (ssIamdnb `qanIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ tkh\ hIp¸pIÄ¡pw aäpw ssIamäw sN¿p¶ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£nt¡− cPnÌdmWnXv. kÀ¡mÀ D¯chv/ ]«bw e`n¡p¶ apdbv¡v cPnÌdn th− tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ hcpt¯−XmWv. 16. .]{´−mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (kÀ¡mcnte¡v s]m¶pwhnebvs¡Sp¯ `qanIfpsS cPnÌÀ)þ `qan GsäSp¡Â \nba {]Imcw s]m¶pwhne \S]SIfneqsS GsäSp¯v ]pdt¼m¡nte¡v amänbn«pÅ `qanIfpsS hnhc§Ä Cu cPnÌdn tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶p. 17. ]Xnaq¶mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (HutZymKnI I¯nS]mSpIÄ¡pÅ cPnÌÀ)þ hntÃPn e`n¡p¶Xpw ]pdt¯¡bbv¡p¶Xpamb FÃm I¯nS]mSpIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä Cu cPnÌdn tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. 18. ]Xn\memw \¼À cPnÌÀ (kÀ«n^n¡äv cPnÌÀ)þ hntÃPv Hm^okn \n¶pw A\phZn¡p¶ FÃm hn[ kÀ«n^n¡äpIfpsSbpw hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌÀ 19. ]Xn\©mw \¼À cPnÌÀ (^ÀWn¨dpIfpsSbpw D]IcW§fpsSbpw tÌm¡v cPnÌÀ)þ kÀtÆ D]IcW§Ä, Cet{ÎmWnIv D]IcW§Ä, ^À®n¨dpIÄ F¶nhbpsS hnhc§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n kq£n¡p¶ cPnÌdmWnXv. hÀj¯n Hcp {]mhiysa¦nepw tÌm¡v ]cntim[nt¡−Xpw GsX¦nepw C\w \ãs¸«Xmbn I−m AXnsâ hne \ã¯n\p¯chmZnbmbhcn \n¶pw CuSm¡n JP\mhn HSpt¡−XmWv.


A²ymbwþ26

Pam_´n 1. Pam_´n-þ (1) hntÃPpIfnsebpw Xmeq¡nsebpw hnhn[ A¡u−pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw kq£va ]cntim[\ \S¯pIbpw H¯pt\m¡pIbpw sN¿pI, em³Uv dh\yq hIp¸v Npa¯p¶ FÃm \nIpXnIfpw bYmkabw Npa¯n hntÃPv A¡u−pIfn DÄs¸Sp¯pIbpw ]ncnhp XpIIÄ bYmkabw kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn HSp¡p hcp¯pIbpw sNbvXn«pt−m F¶p ]cntim[n¡pI F¶nhbmWv Pam_´n F¶XpsIm−v AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. CXnte¡mbn Pam_´n Hm^okÀamÀ hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn \S¯p¶ em³Uv dh\yq hchpIfpsS Hcp hmÀjnI HmUnämWv Pam_´n. (2) hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIÄ X¿mdm¡pI, {]kvXpX dn¡mÀUpIfnt·Â XlknÂZmÀ {]YanI ]cntim[\ \S¯pI, Pam_´n Hm^okÀ A´na ]cntim[\ \S¯pI, Pam_´n Hm^okÀ sN¡v sat½mdm−¯n Nq−n¡mWn¨n«pÅ \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\v PnÃm IfÎÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pI F¶n§s\ \mep L«ambpÅ {]hÀ¯\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶XmWv Pam_´n ]cntim[\. 2. Pam_´n Hm^okÀþ (1) PnÃm IfÎtdm PnÃm IfÎÀ NpaXes¸Sp¯p¶ sU]yq«n IfÎÀ, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ, k_v IfÎÀ F¶nhtcm BIp¶p Pam_´n Hm^okÀamÀ. Hmtcm hÀjhpw Hmtcm Xmeq¡p ]cn[nbnsebpw FÃm hntÃPpIÄ¡pambn Hcp Pam_´n Hm^oksd \nÝbnt¡−Xpw XpSÀ hÀj§fn Hcp PnÃbnse Xmeq¡pIÄ¡v Pam_´n Hm^oksd \nÝbn¡pt¼mÄ Nm{InI {Iaw (Rotation) ]ment¡−XpamWv. AXmbXv Hcp hÀjw 1, 2, 3 F¶o Xmeq¡pIfn bYm{Iaw PnÃm IfÎÀ, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ, sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn) F¶nhÀ Pam_´n Hm^okÀamcmbn \ntbmKn¡s¸«n«pÅ ]£w sXm«Sp¯ hÀjw 1, 2, 3 F¶o Xmeq¡pIfn Pam_´n Hm^okÀamcpsS \nba\w sU]yq«n IfÎÀ (dh\yq dn¡hdn), PnÃm IfÎÀ, dh\yq UnhnjW Hm^okÀ F¶ {Ia¯nembncn¡Ww. 3. PnÃm IfÎdpsS NpaXeIÄþ (1) FÃm hÀjhpw G{]n amkw BZyw Hmtcm Xmeq¡p]cn[nbnse hntÃPpIfnte¡pw Pam_´n Hm^oksd \nÝbn¨psIm−pw hntÃPpIfn ]cntim[\m XobXn \nÝbn¨psIm−pw PnÃm IfÎÀ Hcp t{]m{Kmw X¿mdmt¡−Xpw BbXv Kkän ]ckys¸Sp¯pIbpw _Ôs¸« Pam_´n Hm^okÀ, XlknÂZmÀ, hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶nhÀ¡v Ab¨psImSpt¡−XpamWv. FÃm hÀjhpw Pq¬ 15 t\m AXn\p tijtam Bcw`n¨v `q\nIpXn InkvXp XobXnbmb HtÎm_À 15 \p ap¼mbn Ahkm\n¡p¶ hn[¯nembncn¡Ww Pam_´n t{]m{Kmw X¿mdmt¡−Xv. Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS ]cntim[\ kwL¯n aq¶p ¢À¡pamÀ, Hcp Pq\nbÀ kq{]−v F¶nhÀ D−mbncnt¡−Xpw hntÃPnse tPmen`mc¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n c−v AYhm aq¶p Znhk§fnembn Pam_´n ]cntim[\ ¢n]vXs¸Spt¯−XpamWv. (2) Pam_´n ]cntim[\ HtÎm_À 15 \v ap³]mbn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨n«p−v F¶v PnÃm IfÎÀ Dd¸phcpt¯−Xpw PnÃbnse FÃm hntÃPpIfnsebpw Pam_´n ]cntim[\ bYmkabw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n dn¡mÀUpIÄ Pam_´n Hm^okÀamÀ AwKoIcn¨n«ps−¶Xp kw_Ôamb Hcp km£y]{Xw AXXp hÀj§fn Unkw_À 31 \v ap¼mbn em³Uv dh\yq I½ojWÀ¡pw kÀ¡mcnte¡pw kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. (3) Pam_´n ]cntim[\ ]qÀ¯nbmbtijw hntÃPv Hm^okdpsS adp]SnIÄ, XlknÂZmcpsS ip]mÀiIÄ F¶nh tcJs¸Sp¯n e`n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm−§Ä kq£va ]cntim[\ \S¯n \yq\XIsfÃmw ]cnlcn¡s¸«tijw Ahkm\ t]Pn \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¨n«pÅXmb km£y]{Xw tNÀ¯v PnÃm IfÎÀ H¸pw ap{Zbpw h¨v sN¡v sat½mdm−w XncnsI hntÃPv Hm^okntebv¡v Ab¨psImSp¡p¶XmWv. HmUnäv ]cmaÀi§Ä XoÀ¸m¡p¶Xn\v kzoIcn¡p¶ am\ZÞ§Ä Xs¶bmbncn¡Ww sN¡v sat½mbnse \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¡p¶Xnepw Ahew_nt¡−Xv. \yq\XIÄ ]cnlcn¨Xmb


tcJs¸Sp¯temsS XncnsI e`n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm−w Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpsS Iq«¯n hntÃPv Hm^okn kq£nt¡−XmWv. 4. Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpw hntÃPv DtZymKØcpwþ (1) km¼¯nI hÀjw Ahkm\n¨p Ignªm sXm«Sp¯ sabv 15 \v ap¼mbn FÃm Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpw X¿mdm¡n ]cntim[\bv¡v kÖam¡pI F¶Xv hntÃPv DtZymKØcpsS ISabmWv. Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIÄ F¶Xn hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn kq£n¡p¶ hnhn[§fmb A¡u−pIÄ, cPnÌdpIÄ, eUvPdpIÄ, ]{XnIIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw DÄs¸Sp¶p. Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfn Bhiyamb tcJs¸Sp¯epIfpw, amä§fpw hcp¯nb tijw Hmtcm dn¡mÀUnepw hntÃPv AknÌâv AYhm kvs]jy hntÃPv Hm^okÀ H¸phbvt¡−XmWv. (2) Pam_´n Hm^okÀ Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIÄ AwKoIcn¨v H¸p hbv¡p¶tXmsSm¸w ]cntim[\bn Is−¯nbn«pÅ hkvXpXIfpw \yq\XIfpw tcJs¸Sp¯nb Hcp Pam_´n sN¡v sat½mdm−w IqSn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdp¶XmWv. {]kvXpX sN¡v sat½mbpsS Hcp ]IÀ¸p IqSn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ X¿mdmt¡−Xpw Ahbn ]cnlcn¡s¸tS−Xmb Hmtcm ]cmaÀi¯n\pw t\À¡v hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \nÝnX tImf¯n \yq\Xm ]cnlmc hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯n Pam_´n Ahkm\n¨ XobXnbn \n¶pw Hcp amk¯n\Iw XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸nt¡−XpamWv. (3) sN¡v sat½mdm−¯nse ]cmaÀi§fnt·Â hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \ÂInb adp]Sn Xr]vXnIcaÃm¯ Ahkc§fn PnÃm IfÎdpsS \nÀt±im\pkcWapÅ \S]SnIÄ ssIs¡m−v \yq\Xm ]cnlmc dnt¸mÀ«v XlknÂZmÀ aptJ\ bYmkabw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡v kaÀ¸n¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ NpaXes¸«ncn¡p¶p. hntÃPv Hm^okÀ A[nIambn X¿mdm¡n kq£n¨n«pÅ sN¡v sat½mbpsS Hcp ]IÀ¸v C¯c¯n XpSÀ¶pÅ \yq\Xm]cnlmc \S]SnIÄ¡mbmWv D]tbmKnt¡−Xv. FÃm \yq\XIfpw ]cnlcn¨ tijw PnÃm IfÎdpsS H¸v tNÀ¯v XncnsI e`n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm−w Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfpsS Iq«¯n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kpc£nX kq£n¸n hbvt¡−XmWv. 5. Pam_´n {]mYanI ]cntim[\bpw XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXeIfpw:þ (1) PnÃm IfÎdn \n¶pw Pam_´n ]cntim[\ kw_Ôn¨ t{]m{Kmw e`n¨mepS³ Hmtcm hntÃPnsebpw Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS ]cntim[\bv¡v ap¼mbn Ahkm\n¡¯¡ hn[¯n XlknÂZmÀ Hcp {]mYanI Pam_´n ]cntim[\ Ie−À X¿mdmt¡−Xpw BbXv AXmXv hntÃPv Hm^okÀamÀ¡v Ab¨p sImSpt¡−XpamWv. sabv 15 \v Bcw`n¡p¶ Xc¯nÂ, Hcp hntÃPn ]camh[n c−v Znhk§Ä F¶ \nebn ]cntim[\ {IaoIcnt¡−Xpw Hmtcm hntÃPnte¡pw Hcp sU]yq«n XlknÂZmcpsS t\XrXz¯n aXnbmb DtZymKØsc ]cntim[\bv¡mbn \ntbmKn¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. Hmtcm hntÃPnsebpw ]cntim[\ ]qÀ¯nbmbmepS³ Xs¶ XlknÂZmÀ FÃm Pam_´n dn¡mÀUpIfnepw X³hÀjs¯ tcJs¸Sp¯epIÄ¡p Xmsgbmbn H¸p tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. {]mYanI Pam_´n ]cntim[\ ]qÀ¯nbm¡msX Pam_´n ]cntim[\ \S¯m\mhnà F¶Xn\m C¡mcy¯n bmsXmcphn[amb hogvNIfpw hcmsX \S]SnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbm¡pI F¶Xv XlknÂZmcpsS D¯chmZnXzamWv. (2) Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS ]cntim[\m thfbn hntÃPv dn¡mÀUpIfpambn H¯pt\m¡p¶Xn\mhiyamb FÃm cPnÌdpIfpw A¡u−pIfpw ^bepIfpw \nÝnX XobXnIfn _Ôs¸« hntÃPv Hm^okpIfn F¯nt¡−Xv XlknÂZmcpsS NpaXebmWv. C¯c¯n A¡u−pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw hntÃPpIfnse¯nt¡−XpffXn\m Hcp Xmeq¡p ]cn[nbn Hmtc kabw H¶ne[nIw hntÃPpIfn {]mYanI ]cntim[\tbm Pam_´n ]cntim[\tbm ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. (3) Pam_´n ]cntim[\bv¡p tijw \yq\Xm ]cnlmc adp]Sn tcJs¸Sp¯n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ kaÀ¸n¡p¶ sN¡v sat½mdm−w hniZambn ]cntim[n¨v _Ôs¸« dn¡mÀUpIfpambn H¯p t\m¡n \nÝnX tImf¯n hyàamb ip]mÀi tcJs¸Sp¯n XlknÂZmÀ PnÃm IfÎÀ¡p kaÀ¸n¡p¶p. sXm«Sp¯ Pam_´n ]cntim[\bv¡p ap³]mbn FÃm \yq\XIfpw ]cnlcn¡s¸«psh¶v XlknÂZmÀ Dd¸phcp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶p.


6. Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS NpaXeIÄ:þ (1) Pam_´n ]cntim[IÀ ]cntim[\ Znhk§fn hntÃPv Hm^okn lmPcmbn Xmeq¡m^okn \n¶pw ]cntim[\ Bhiy¯nte¡mbn hntÃPn F¯n¨n«pff FÃm A¡u−pIfpw eUvPdpIfpw cPnÌdpIfpw ^bepIfpw hntÃPv Hm^oknse A¡u−pIfpw cPnÌdpIfpambn H¯p t\mt¡−Xpw tcJs¸Sp¯epIfn hyXymkapff ]£w Ah icns¸Sp¯nbtijw Pam_´n Hm^okÀ FÃm A¡u−pIfnepw cPnÌdpIfnepw H¸p hbvt¡−XpamWv. CtXmsSm¸w Pam_´n ]cntim[IÀ hntÃPv ]cntim[\ kw_Ôn¨ ""Pam_´n sN¡v sat½mdm−w'' IqSn FgpXn X¿mdm¡n hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v ssIamdp¶XmWv. (2) Awi¡cw Xn«s¸Sp¯n XhWapS¡w A¡u−v, Un.kn._n. A¡u−v F¶nhbn tNÀ¡pI, A[nI]ncnhn\¯nepff XpIIsf A[nI¯−embn hI sImffn¡pItbm A[nI]ncnhmbn \o¡n\nÀ¯pItbm sN¿pI, ]ncnhpw HSp¡pw X½n hyXymkapff ]£w Un.kn._n. A¡u−v ]pXp¡pIbpw BbXnsâ ASnØm\¯n XhW apS¡w A¡u−v ]mkm¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶nh Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS am{Xw NpaXeIfmWv. \nIpXn \nÀ®b¯ntem `qan ]Xnhntem atäsX¦nepw \S]SnIfntem kwibapÅ ]£w DNnXamb Xocpam\saSp¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn Pam_´n Hm^okÀ¡v ^oÂUv ]cntim[\ \S¯mhp¶XmWv. C¯c¯n Pam_´n ]cntim[\ icnbmbpw IrXyambpw bYmkabw ]qÀ¯oIcn¡pI F¶Xv Pam_´n Hm^okdpsS NpaXebmIp¶p.

`mKwþ VIII ]ehI tPmenIÄ A²ymbwþ27

sXcsªSp¸pw sk³kkpw (F) Ce£³ dh\yq DtZymKØcpsS {][m\ NpaXeIfnsem¶mWv ]mÀesaânte¡pw \nbak`bnte¡pw X±ikzbw`cW Øm]\§fnte¡papÅ XncsªSp¸nsâ \S¯n¸v. PnÃm XncsªSp¸v Hm^okÀ F¶Xn\p ]pdta, ]mÀesaâv XncsªSp¸n\v _Ôs¸« \ntbmPI aÞe¯nsâ hcWm[nImcnbpw PnÃm IfÎdmWv. CXq IqSmsX \nbak`m XncsªSp¸n\pw Xt±i Øm]\§fntebv¡pÅ XncsªSp¸pIÄ¡papÅ hcWm[nImcnIfpsS ta PnÃm XncsªSp¸v Hm^okÀ F¶ \nebnepÅ \nb{´Wm[nImchpw PnÃm IfÎÀ¡mWpffXv. XncsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«v, PnÃm IfÎdpsSbpw _Ôs¸« hcWm[nImcnIfpsSbpw CeÎd cPnkvt{Sj³ Hm^okdmb XlkoÂZmcpsSbpw \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkrXambn hntÃPv Xe¯n \S]SnIÄ GtIm]n¸nt¡−Xv hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. Hmtcm t]mfnwKvtÌj\pth−nbpw XncsªSp¸p I½oj³ \ntbmKn¨n«pÅ _q¯v seh Hm^okÀamcpsS {]hÀ¯\§fpsS taÂt\m«hpw GtIm]\hpw XncsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«v hntÃPm^okdpsS {][m\ NpaXeIfn H¶mWv. hntÃPn\pÅnse FÃm t]mfnwKv tÌj\pIsf kw_Ôn¨pw hyàamb [mcW hntÃPm^okÀ¡pw hntÃPm^oknse Hmtcm Poh\¡mÀ¡pw D−mtI−Xp−v. t]mfnwKv tÌj\pIfpsS Øm\hpw tSmt¸m{Km^n¡Â hnhc§fpaS§p¶ Hcp semt¡j³ am¸v hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−XmWv. C{]ImcapÅ am¸nsâ klmbt¯msS GsXmcmÄ¡pw t]mfnwKv tÌj\nse¯m³ IgnbWw F¶ [mcWtbmsSbmWv am¸v X¿mdmt¡−Xv. Hmtcm t]mfnwKv tÌj\pw ØnXn sN¿p¶ sI«nS§fpsS FÃm hniZmwi§fpaS§p¶ \nÝnX amXrIbnepÅ UbdÎdn hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdm¡n kq£nt¡−XmWv. {]kvXpX UbdÎdnbn BLO amcpsS hnhc§Ä, t]mfnwKv tÌj\nse kuIcy§Ä XpS§nbh kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä hyàambn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww.


XncsªSp¸v hnÚm]\¯n\p ap³]p Xs¶ XncsªSp¸pambn _Ôs¸«pÅ aps¶mcp¡§Ä hntÃPm^okÀ \St¯−XmWv. Hmtcm t]mfnwKv tÌj\pw t\cn«v ]cntim[n¨v, t]mfnwKv tÌj\mbn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\v sI«nSw ]cym]vXamtWmsb¶pw Bhiyamb kuIcy§Ä e`yamtWmsb¶pw ]cntim[n¨v, t]mcmbvaIsfs´¦nepaps−¦n bYmkabw hnhcw XlkoÂZmsc Adnbnt¡− NpaXe hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡mWv. t]mfnMv _q¯mbn D]tbmKn¡m\mhm¯ hn[¯n sI«nS§Ä¡v tISp]mSpIÄ kw`hn¨n«ps−¦ntem IqSpX kuIcy{]Zamb aäp sI«nS§Ä t]mfnMv _q¯mbn D]tbmKn¡m³ e`yamsW¦ntem AXn\\pkcn¨pÅ hniZamb iq]mÀi XlkoÂZmÀ¡bbvt¡−Xpw hntÃPm^okdpsS NpaXebmWv. ]mÀesaâv, \nbak`m XncsªSp¸pIÄ¡p th−n _q¯pIÄ kÖoIcnt¡− NpaXe hntÃPm^okdn \n£n]vXamWv. CXn\p th−n Ce£³ I½oj³ AXmXp Ime§fn ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkcn¨v t]mfnwKv _q¯pIfn FÃm {IaoIcW§fpw hntÃPm^okÀ sNt¿−XmWv. thm«À¸«nI ]pXp¡Âþ

(_n) sk³kkv tIcf¯n sk³kkv AYhm Imt\jpamcn IWs¡Sp¸pambn _Ôs¸« tPmenIÄ GtIm]n¸n¡p¶Xn\pff NpaXe PnÃm IfÎÀamÀ¡mW.v Xmeq¡v XlkoÂZmÀamÀ sk³kkv k_v Unkv{SnIväv cPnkv{SmÀamcmWv. sk³kkn\p th−n \ntbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ C\yqatdäÀamcpsS {]hÀ¯\§Ä GtIm]n¸n¡p¶Xn\pw AhÀ¡mhiyamb klmb§Ä bYmhn[n \ÂIp¶Xn\pw hntÃPm^okÀ _m[yØ\mWv. C¡mcy¯n PnÃm IfÎdpw XlkoÂZmcpw bYmIme§fn ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶ D¯chpIÄ¡\pkcWambn hntÃtPm^okdpw hntÃPnse Poh\¡mcpw sk³kkv kw_Ôn¨ tPmenIÄ¡v Bhiyamb klmbw e`yamt¡−XmWv.

A²ymbwþ28

t\m«okpw alkdpw 8. t\m«oknsâbpw alkdnsâbpw BhiyIXþ (1) dh\yq hIp¸pambn _Ôs¸« \nbahncp²amb {]hÀ¯\§Ä \nÀ¯n hbv¸n¡p¶Xntebv¡mbn C¯cw {]hÀ¯\§fn GÀs¸Sp¶hÀ¡v ]et¸mgpw t\m«okpIÄ AYhm \ntcm[\ Adnbn¸pIÄ (Stop memo) \ÂtI−n hcmdp−v. IqSmsX `qkwc£Ww, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, `qanbpsS A\[nIrX ]cnhÀ¯\w, `qan ]Xnhv, dh\yq tee§Ä XpS§n H«\h[n \S]SnIfn alkÀ AYhm ‘]©\ma’ X¿mdmt¡−Xp−v. dh\yq tIkpIÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ ]et¸mgpw C¯cw t\m«okpIfpsStbm alkdpIfptStbm {]m[m\ys¯¡pdnt¨m Ah X¿mdmt¡− coXnsb¡pdnt¨m th−{X {i²n¡mdnÃ. dh\yq tIkpIÄ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ DtZymKØsc kw_Ôn¨v ]n¡me¯v hyhlmc§fp−mIp¶ ]£w tImSXnIfn sXfnhpIÄ kaÀ¸n¡p¶Xn\pw samgn \ÂtI− Ahkc¯n Xsâ HmÀ½ ]pXp¡p¶Xn\pw D]tbmKn¡msa¶Xn\m C¯cw dn¡mÀUpIÄ¡v dh\yq \S]SnIfn hfsctbsd {]m[m\yap−v. (2) t\m«oknsebpw alkdnsebpw DÅS¡§fpw hfsc {][m\s¸«hbmWv. GXp \nbas¯ ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ \S]SnbmtWm kzoIcn¡p¶X,v {]kvXpX \nba¯nsâtbm N«¯nsâtbm t]cv, {]kvXpX \nba¯nsetbm \nba¯m cq]oIrXamb N«¯nsetbm GXp hIp¸n\v AYhm N«¯n\\pkcWamb \S]SnIfmWv kzoIcn¡p¶Xv, t\m«okv AYhm alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKØ\v {]kvXpX \nba¯mtem, N«¯mtem e`yambn«pÅ A[nImc Øm\w (DZmlcWambn IfÎÀ, A[nIrX DtZymKس, A[nImcs¸Sp¯s¸«


DtZymKس XpS§nbh) DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww.

F¶nh

t\m«okpIfnepw

alkdpIfnepw

\nÀ_Ôambpw

8. t\m«okpIÄ X¿mdm¡p¶ hn[wþ (1) km[mcWbmbn \nbaewL\§Ä XSbpI F¶ Dt±iyt¯msSbmWv t\m«okpIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv. kÀ¡mÀ hI hkvXp¡Ä A\[nIrXambn It¿dpI, `qhn\ntbmK D¯chnsetbm s\Âhb þ X®oÀ¯S \nba¯nsetbm hyhØIÄ¡p hncp²ambn Irjn`qanItfm X®oÀ¯S§tfm ]cnhÀ¯\s¸Sp¯pItbm cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pItbm sN¿pI, A\[nIrX J\\ {]hÀ¯\§fnteÀs¸SpI XpS§nbh {i²bnÂs¸Sp¶ Ahkc§fnemWv \ntcm[\ Adnbn¸pIÄ F¶ t\m«okpIÄ X¿mdm¡n \ÂIm³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ¡v NpaXebpÅXv. t\m«okv tcJmaqeambncnt¡−Xpw BbXn\v Hcp d^d³kv \¼À D−mbncnt¡−Xpw hntÃPv Hm^okÀ \nba¯mtem N«¯mtem e`yamb A[nImcØm\w kqNn¸n¨psIm−v XobXn klnXw BbXn Xsâ Is¿m¸pw ap{Zbpw tNÀ¯ncnt¡−XpamWv. _Ôs¸« DtZymKس H¸p tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅXn\p NphsS CSXp `mK¯mbmWv t\m«okv AÀ¡mtWm \ÂIm\pt±in¨n«pÅXv {]kvXpX hyànbpsS t]cpw taÂhnemkhpw tcJs¸Spt¯−Xv. (2) _Ôs¸« \nba§fntem N«§fntem hyhØ sNbvXn«pÅ {]Imcambncn¡Ww t\m«okpIÄ I£nIÄ¡v \St¯−Xv. F¶m A{]Imcw hyhØ sNbvXn«nÃm¯ ]£w t\m«okpIÄ \St¯−Xv _Ôs¸« I£nt¡m AbmfpsS \nbam\pkrX {]Xn\n[nbvt¡m AXpasæn AbmfpsS IpSpw_¯nse {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb HcwK¯nt\m t\cn«p \ÂIns¡mt−m AbmfpsS ØncXmak hkXnbpsS ap³ hmXnen ]Xn¨p \S¯n sImt−m cPntÌÀUv X]m apJm´ncw Ab¨p sImSp¯psImt−m Bbncn¡Ww. t\m«okv t\cn«v \ÂIp¶ Ahkc§fn _Ôs¸« I£nbn \n¶pw ssI¸äp hnhcw \S¯p{]Xnbn XobXnbpw Is¿m¸pw klnXw tcJs¸Sp¯n hmt§−Xv t\m«okv \S¯p¶ DtZymKØsâ NpaXebmWv. t\m«okv ssI¸änb hyàn ssI¸äp hnhcw tcJs¸Sp¯nbXn\p NphsSbmbn t\m«okv \S¯nb DtZymKس Xsâ t]cv, HutZymKnIØm\w, XobXn F¶nh tNÀ¯v H¸p tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw BbXn hntÃPv Hm^okÀ tamsem¸p hbvt¡−XpamWv. ]Ic¡mc\mb HcmfmWv t\m«okv ssI¸äp¶sX¦n ssI¸änb BfpsS t]cpw AbmÄ t\m«okv I£nbm NpaXes¸Sp¯s¸«bmfmhp¶ ]£w B hnhchpw IpSpw_mwKsa¦n t\m«okv I£nbpambpÅ _Ôhpw ssI¸äphnhcw km£ys¸Sp¯p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. t\m«okv Hcp sI«nS¯nemWv ]Xn¨p \S¯p¶sX¦n kao]hmknIfmb c−p km£nIfpsS km¶n²y¯n A{]Imcw sNt¿−Xpw ]Xn¨v \S¯m\p−mb ImcWhpw sI«nS \¼cpw \S¯p{]Xnbn tcJs¸Sp¯n XSkÀamscs¡m−v BbXv km£ys¸Spt¯−XpamWv. F¶m t\m«okv GsX¦nepw `qanbn ]Xn¨p \St¯−n h¶m {]kvXpX `qanbn Xm¡menIambn \m«nb Hcp t_mÀUnembncn¡Ww XSkÀamcpsS km¶n²y¯n A{]Imcw sNt¿−Xv.F¶m Cu amÀ¤§Ä IqSmsX, t\m«okpIÄ _Ôs¸« I£nbv¡v cPntÌÀUv X]membn Ab¨p sImSp¡mhp¶XpamWv. GsX¦nepw ImcW§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n t]mÌ A[nIrXÀ aS¡nbmepw 1894 se P\d t¢mkkv BÎnse 27þmw hIp¸n\p hnt[bambn {]kvXpX t\m«okv \S¯nbXmbn ]cnKWn¨v XpSÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡mhp¶XmWv. t\m«okpIÄ \S¯nbXp kw_Ôambn t\m«okv \S¯p¶ DtZymKس \S¯p{]Xnbn tNÀt¡− hnhc§fpsS amXrIIÄ NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p: (i) .../.../...... XobXnbmb Ct¶ Znhkw t\m«okv I£nbmb {io./{ioaXn ................\v t\cn«v t\m«okv \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. H¸v/DtZymKØsâ t]cv HutZymKnI Øm\w.

t\m«okv

\S¯nb


(ii) t\m«okv I£nbpsS Akm¶n²y¯n .../.../........ XobXnbmb Ct¶ Znhkw t\m«okv I£nbmb {io./{ioaXn ................ sâ aI\mb {io. ......................\v (....hbkv) t\cn«v t\m«okv \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. (iii) t\m«okv I£nbmb {io........................., t\m«okv ssI¸äm³ hnk½Xn¨n«pÅXn\m Snbmsâ hkXnbmb XII/242/MGP (2014) F¶ sI«nS¯n ...../....../....... XobXnbmb Ct¶ Znhkw NphsS t]cp tNÀ¡p¶ XSkÀamcpsS km¶n²y¯n t\m«okv ]Xn¨p \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. (3) XSkÀamcpsS km¶n²y¯n t\m«okpIÄ ]Xn¨p \S¯p¶ Ahkc§fn XSÊÀamcpsS t]cv, hbkv, ]qÀ®amb taÂhnemkw, GsX¦nepw Xncn¨dnb tcJbpsS hnhcw (\¼À) F¶nhbpw tcJs¸Spt¯−XmWv. \ntcm[\ Adnbn¸nsâ (Stop memo) Hcp amXrI NphsS tNÀ¡p¶p. \¼À............ hntÃPv Hm^okv

ImtcmSv

XobXn: ........................ t^m¬ \¼À:...................................

\ntcm[\ Adnbn¸v s\¿män³Ic Xmeq¡n ImtcmSv hntÃPn sN¦hnf IcbnÂ/tZi¯v t»m¡v 48  dokÀtÆ 100/1 Âs¸«Xpw 2452þmw \¼À X−t¸cpw]SnbpÅXpamb 12.40 BÀ \ne¯nÂ, {]kvXpX \new cq]m´cs¸Sp¯pI F¶ Dt±iyt¯msS X−t¸À I£nbmb Xm¦Ä Ct¶ Znhkw 12 Iyq_nIv aoäÀ km[mcW a®v Iq\bmbn \nt£]n¨n«pÅXmWv. Xm¦fpsS {]kvXpX {]hr¯n 2008 se tIcf s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯nse 3þmw hIp¸nsâ ewL\amIbm {]kvXpX cq]m´cs¸Sp¯Â A\phZ\obasöpw Cu t\m«oknsâ ssI¸än 48 aWn¡qdn\Iw {]kvXpX a®v \o¡w sNt¿−XmsW¶papÅ hnhcw CXn\m Adnbn¡p¶p. Cu t\m«oknse \nÀt±i§Ä \ncmIcn¡p¶ ]£w BbXv Hcp {Inan\ Ipäambncn¡p¶Xpw 2008 se tIcf s\Âhb X®oÀ¯S kwc£W \nba¯nse 23þmw hIp¸p {]ImcapÅ IpäØm]\¯n\mbn Xm¦Äs¡Xnsc t{]mknIyqj³ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xpambncn¡pw. H¸v/BXssdkvUv

Hm^okÀ & Hm^okÀ

kzoIÀ¯mhv {io. kqtcjv _m_p A¼mSnbn sN¦hnf ImtcmSv. ]n.H

hntÃPv //Hm^okv ap{Z//


3. alkÀ AYhm ]©\maþ (1) dh\yq tIkpIfpambn _Ôs¸« \S]SnIfn Hgn¨pIqSm\mIm¯ H¶mWv alkÀ. dh\yq tIkpIfn Øe]cntim[\tbm At\zjWtam \S]SnItfm \S¯p¶ DtZymKØÀ X§fpsS \oco£W§fpsSbpw At\zjW§fpsSbpw \S]SnIfpsSbpw kXymhØ sXfnbn¡p¶Xn\pth−n X¿mdm¡p¶ hnizk\obamb tcJIfmWnh. 1872 se C³Uy³ sXfnhp \nba¯nse 157þmw hIp¸v {]Imcw tImSXn ap¼msI ]n¶oSpÅ km£ns¯fnhn\v km£nbpsS AtX hkvXpX kw_Ôn¨pÅ ap³ {]kvXmh\IÄ km[phmsW¶Xn\m dh\yq tIkpIfn tImSXn ap¼msIbpÅ hnNmcW thfIfn hnes¸« sXfnhp IqSnbmWv alkÀ AYhm ]©\ma. Xm³ ssIImcyw sNbvX Hcp dh\yq tIkns\ kw_Ôn¨v ]n¡me¯v GsX¦nepw tImSXnbn samgn sImSpt¡− kµÀ`w h¶m Xsâ HmÀ½ ]pXp¡p¶Xn\pw tImSXnbn icnbmwh®w samgn \ÂIp¶Xn\pw alkÀ klmbIamWv. AXmbXv tImSXn \S]SnIfnÂ, alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶ DtZymKØsâbpw alkÀ km£nIfpsSbpw hmbvsamgn sXfnhpIÄ kaÀ°n¡p¶Xn\v alkÀ Hcp Dt]mXv_eI sXfnhmbn D]tbmKn¡mhp¶XmWv. (2) `qan]Xnhv, dh\yq dn¡hdnbpambn _Ôs¸« P]vXnIÄ/tee \S]SnIÄ, `qan hns«mgnbÂ, `qan ssIamäw, s]m¶pwhne \S]SnIÄ, `qanbpsS A\[nIrX ]cnhÀ¯\w, A\[nIrX {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡p]tbmKn¨ hkvXphIIÄ ssIhi¯nseSp¡Â F¶p XpS§nb H«\h[n \S]SnIfpsS `mKambn hntÃPv DtZymKØÀ alkdpIÄ X¿mdmt¡−Xp−v. Øe]cntim[\sb kw_Ôn¨v Øe]cntim[\ \S¯p¶ DtZyKØ\pw XSkÀamcpw `qanbn I− Imcy§fpsS Hcp hnhcWamWv alkÀ. (3) alkÀ \S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¡p¶ Ahkc¯n Xs¶ \S]SnItfm At\zjWtam \S¯p¶ DtZymKØs\m¸w XSkÀamcpw lmPcmtI−XmWv. kao]hmknIfpw _lpam\ycpw 1875 se C³Uy³ {]mb]qÀ¯n \nba¯n hyhØ sNbvXn«pff {]Imcw {]mb]qÀ¯nbmbhcpw kzØ_p²nIfpw hnizkvXcpamb c−n Ipdbm¯ BfpIfmIWw km£nIfmtI−Xv. t\m«okpIfnteXpt]mse Xs¶ \nba¯nsâtbm N«¯nsâtbm t]cv, {]kvXpX \nba¯nsetbm N«¯nsetbm {]kàamb hIp¸v AYhm N«w F¶nh alkdn kqNn¸n¨ncn¡Ww. \S]SnIfpsS `mKambn alkdnse Hmtcm hnhcWhpw XSkÀ IqSn t_m[ys¸«mIWw tcJs¸Spt¯−Xv. AXmbXv hr£§fpsS AfhpItfm \o¡w sNbvX a®nsâtbm ]mdbpsStbm AfhpItfm tNÀt¡−nhcpt¼mÄ bYmÀ°¯nepÅ AfhpIÄ Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶Xv XSÊsd t_m[ys¸Sp¯ns¡m−v Xs¶bmbncn¡Wsa¶À°w. (4) FÃm alkdpIfpw Bcw`n¡p¶Xv Øe]cntim[\tbm \S]Sntbm \S¯p¶ XobXnbpw kabhpw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m−mIWw.XpSÀ¶v BZy JÞnIbn Xs¶ F´mhiy¯ntebv¡mbn alkÀ X¿mdm¡p¶psh¶Xpw tcJs¸Sp¯Ww. Øe]cntim[\m alkdmWv X¿mdm¡p¶sX¦n XpSÀ¶pÅ JÞnIbnÂ, `qanbn F¯n¨cp¶Xn\pÅ amÀ¤w, FepIIÄ, `qanbpsS hnkvXoÀ®w, C\w, Xcw, kÀtÆ hnhc§Ä F¶nhbpw ssIhi¯nsâtbm tZlÞ§fptStbm Nab§fpsStbm hnhc§fpw alkÀ \S]SnIÄ GXp \nbas¯ ASnØm\s¸Sp¯nbmtWm X¿mdm¡p¶Xv B \nba¯nsâ t]cpw {]kà hIp¸nsâtbm N«¯nsâtbm \¼cpw Hs¡bmWv ]cmaÀint¡−Xv. \S]Sn AYhm At\zjW hnhc§Ä tNÀ¯ tijw alkdnsâ Dt±iyw kqNn¸n¨psIm−pw alkÀ \S]SnIÄ Ahkm\n¸n¨ kabw tcJs¸Sp¯ns¡m−pw alkÀ FgpXn ]qÀ¯nbm¡mhp¶XmWv. C¯c¯n FgpXn ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ tijw NphsS CSXp `mK¯mbn H¶v, c−v F¶v {Iaambn XSkÀamcpsS t]cv, hbkv, taÂhnemkw, Xncn¨dnb tcJ F¶nh tcJs¸Sp¯pIbpw Ahscs¡m−v alkÀ km£ys¸Sp¯n¡pIbpw sNt¿−XmWv.XSkÀ km£ys¸Sp¯nbXn\v NphsS heXp`mK¯mbnv alkÀ X¿mdm¡nb DtZymKس t]cpw HutZymKnI Øm\t¸cpw tNÀ¯v H¸p hbvt¡−XmWv. \S]Sn \S¯p¶ AYhm ]cntim[\ \S¯p¶ DtZymKس am{XamIWw alkdn H¸v tcJs¸Spt¯−Xv. F¶m GsX¦nepw taeptZymKØÀ alkÀ \S]SnIfn k¶nlnXcmsW¦n alkÀ X¿mdm¡nb DtZymKØsâ H¸n\p NphsSbmbn AhÀ¡v tasem¸v hbv¡mhp¶XmWv. (5) alkdn sh«pXncp¯pIÄ Ignbp¶Xpw Hgnhmt¡−XmWv. F¶m A\nhmcyamb Ahkc§fn sh«pXncp¯pIÄ hcp¯p¶ ]£w {]kvXpX `mK§fn XSkÀamÀ H¸p tNÀ¯v km£ys¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. alkÀ X¿mdm¡pt¼mÄ Bhiyamb ]IÀ¸pIÄ X¿mdm¡m³ hntÃPv Hm^okÀ {i²nt¡−XmWv. alkdnsâ Hcp {]Xn `qhpSabv¡v AYhm _Ôs¸« I£n¡v \ÂtI−Xp−v. C{]Imcw I£n¡v alkdnsâ


]IÀ¸v ssIamdpt¼mÄ ssI¸äv hnhcw alkdnsâ Aken F³tUmgvkv sNbvXv I£nbpsS H¸v tcJs¸Sp¯n hmt§−XmWv. PwKa P]vXn, hkvXphIIÄ A[o\XbnseSp¡Â (Seizure) F¶o Ahkc§fn P]vXn sNbvXtXm ssIhi¯nseSp¯tXm Bb hkvXp¡Ä FhnsSbmWv kq£n¡p¶sX¶ hnhcw alkdnsâ adp]pd¯v tcJs¸Spt¯−Xpw alkÀ X¿mdm¡nb DtZymKس B hnhcw km£ys¸Spt¯−XpamWv. alkdnsâ Hcp amXrI NqhsS tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p:

alkÀ c−mbnc¯n¸Xns\«mam−v P\phcn amkw 13þmw XobXn sImÃw Xmeq¡n Cchn]pcw hntÃPn t»m¡v \¼À 27  dokÀsh 215/2--  s¸« 22.40 BÀ kÀ¡mÀ ]pdt¼m¡v `qanbn It¿äw \S¯nbn«pffXv kw_Ôn¨v \mfXv XSksdm¶n¨v Øew Xn«w hcp¯n X¿mdm¡p¶ alkÀ. alkÀ \S]SnIÄ cmhnse 10.20 aWn¡v Bcw`n¨n«pÅXmWv. It¿dnbn«pff Øew Cchn]pcw hntÃPnse t»m¡v \¼À 27 Âs¸«Xpw dokÀsÆ \¼À 215/2 Âs¸«Xpamb dh\yq hIp¸nsâ A[o\XbnepÅ ]pdt¼m¡v ØeamWv. {]kvXpX Øew Cchn]pcw PMvj\n \n¶pw hS¡p`mKt¯bv¡v a¿\mSv F¶ Øet¯bv¡pÅ tdmUn tdmUn\v ]Snªmdp tNÀ¶v ØnXn sN¿p¶ 22.40 BÀ ]pdt¼m¡v `qanbmIp¶p. {]kvXpX `qanbpsS hS¡p Ingt¡ aqe`mKw tNÀ¶v 6.0 BÀ `qan Cchn]pcw hntÃPn hmf¯pwK Icbn Ncphnf ho«n iim¦³ aI³ 61 hbkpÅ cmP³ F¶bmÄ ssIhis¸Sp¯n Xmakmhiy¯nte¡mbn Hcp sjUv \nÀ½n¨n«pÅXmWv. Sn It¿dnb `qanbpsS hS¡p`mKw kÀ¡mÀ lbÀsk¡âdn k-vIqfpw Ing¡p`mKw Cchn]pcwþa¿\mSv tdmUpw sX¡pw ]Snªmdpw `mK§fn kÀ¡mÀ ]pdt¼m¡pamIp¶p. 2018þmam−v P\phcn amkw 12þmw XobXnbmWv Snbm³ Sn Øe¯v A\[nIrX {]thi\w \S¯n sjUv \nÀ½mWw \S¯nbn«pÅXv. \nÀ½mWw ]qÀ¯nbmb sjUn\v 4 aoäÀ \ofhpw 2 aoäÀ hoXnbpapÅXpw hi§Ä ]eIIÄ sIm−v AS¨pd¸m¡nbn«pÅXpw ta¡qc Aeqan\nbw joäp]tbmKn¨v ad¨n«pÅXpamWv. \mfXv Sn It¿ä¡mc³ `mcybpw c−v ssa\Àamcmb Ip«nIfpsam¶n¨v Sn sjUn Xmakn¨p hcp¶p. Sn sjUÃmsX {]kvXpX `qanbn aäv FSp¸pItfm Nab§tfm \«ptZlÞ§tfm CÃm¯XmWv. hoSp \nÀ½n¡p¶ Bhiy¯ntebv¡mbn Snbm³ {]kvXpX ]pdt¼m¡v `qanbn \n¶pw 4 aoäÀ \of¯nepw 6 aoäÀ hoXnbnepw Hcp aoäÀ Bg¯nepw km[mcW a®v \o¡w sNbvXn«pÅXmWv. Snbmsâ ta {]hr¯nIÄ 1957 se tIcfm `qkwc£W \nba¯nse A©v, Bdv, hIp¸pIfpsS ewL\amIbm It¿ä¡mcs\ Hgn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw aäp \nbam\pkrX t{]mknIyqj³ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡p¶Xnte¡pambn Øe¯v {]thin¨v ]cntim[\ \S¯nbn«pÅXmWv. alkÀ \S]SnIÄ cmhnse 11.30 aWn¡v Ahkm\n¨p. C{]Imcw alkÀ X¿mdm¡nbXn\v XSkÀ: 1) (B[mÀ

IrjvWIpamÀ (51 hbkv) S/o inhcmP³, ]pXph ]p¯³ hoSv, a¿\mSv \¼À þxxxx xxxx xxxx) hmbn¨p tI«p icn. H¸v/-þ

apl½Zv Aen (34 hbkv) S/o jmPlm³, Bªnen¸d¼nÂ, Cchn]pcw. Xncn¨dnb ImÀUv \¼À þ xxxx xxxx xxxx) hmbn¨p tI«p icn. H¸v/-þ alkÀ X¿mdm¡nb hntÃPv Hm^okÀ H¸v/2) (Ce£³

än. lcojv Cchn]pcw.

hntÃPv Hm^okÀ,


A²ymbwþ29

P\\ acW cPnkvt{Sj³ P\\tam acWtam \S¶v Hcp hÀj¯n\pÅn cPnÌÀ sN¿s¸Sm¯ tIkpIfn A¯cw P\\tam acWtam cPnÌÀ sNbvXp \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ D¯chv ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶Xn\pÅ A[nImcw, 1969 se P\\ acW cPnkvt{Sj³ BÎv sk£³ 13(3) {]Imcw, ^Ìv ¢mkv aPnkvt{Sän\mWpÅXv. tIcf¯n C{]Imcw, k_v UnhnjW aPnkvt{Sämb RDO bv¡mWv sshInbpÅ P\\tam acWtam cPnÌÀ sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ A\paXn \ÂIm\pÅ A[nImcw. CXn\pth−n RDO bv¡v e`n¡p¶ At]£Ifnt·Â At\zjWw \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ NpaXebmWv hntÃPm^okÀ¡pÅXv. P\\ cPnkvt{Sjsâ Imcy¯n amXm]nXm¡fpsS ØncXmak Øes¯ Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fn {]kvXpX P\\w cPnÌÀ sNbvXn«nà F¶pd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\p th−n _Ôs¸« Xt±i kzbw`cW Øm]\§fn \n¶pÅ km£y]{Xw ]cntim[n¨v P\\w FhnsS h¨v Ft¸mÄ \S¶p F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ amXm]nXm¡fpsS samgnbpw Ip«nbpsS P\\ kab¯v 18 hbkv ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbn«pÅXpw {]kvXpX P\\w \S¶Xp kw_Ôn¨v hyàamb AdnhpÅhcpamb _Ôp¡fÃm¯ c−v Ab¡mcpsS tamgnbpw tiJcn¨v {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbmWv CXn\pÅ dnt¸mÀ«v hntÃPm^okÀ X¿mdmt¡−Xv. sshInbpÅ acW cPnkvt{Sjsâ Imcy¯nÂ, acWw \S¶Xv GXp hntÃPv ]cn[nbnemsW¶v Dd¸p hcpt¯−Xv {][m\amWv. tPmen kw_Ôamb atäm DÅ Bhiy§Ä¡pth−n aäpØe§fn Bbncns¡ acWs¸«n«pÅ tIkpIfnÂ, acWw FhnsS h¨mWv \S¶Xv F¶ Imcyw {][m\amWv. BbXn\m C¯cw tIkpIfn IpSpw_mwK§fpsSbpw Ab¡mcpsSbpw samgn tcJs¸Sp¯n {]mtZinImt\zjWw \S¯nbmWv dnt¸mÀ«v X¿mdmt¡−XmWv.

A²ymbwþ30

hntÃPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡− t_mÀUpIfpw t\m«okpIfpw 1. hntÃPm^okpIfn \n¶pw ]uc\p e`n¡p¶ hnhn[ tkh\§Ä, Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\§Ä F¶nh kw_Ôn¨v P\§Ä¡v hnhcw \ÂIp¶Xn\p th−n hnhn[Xcw t_mÀUpIfpw t\m«okpIfpw hntÃtPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡−XmWv. 2. tkh\mhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ t_mÀUvþ tkh\mhImi \nba {]Imcw hnÚm]\w sNbvXn«pÅ tkh\§Ä kw_Ôn¨ FÃm hnhc§fpw ImWn¡p¶ t_mÀUv hntÃPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡−XmWv. C{]Imcw {]ZÀin¸n¡p¶ t_mÀUn Hmtcm tkh\hpw e`n¡p¶Xn\p \nÝbn¨n«pÅ kab]cn[n, At]£tbmsSm¸w kaÀ¸nt¡− tcJIÄ, tkh\w \ÂIm³ NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ DtZymKس, H¶mw A¸o A[nImcn, c−mw A¸o A[nImcn F¶nh kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§fpw, tkh\mhImi N«§Ä {]ImcapÅ t^md§fpsS amXrIbpw DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡Ww. 3. hnhcmhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ t_mÀUvþ hnhcmhImi \nba {]Imcw NpaXes¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ hntÃPm^oknse tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, AknÌâv tÌäv ]»nIv C³^Àtaj³ Hm^okÀ, A¸oe[nImcn F¶nhcpsS t]cpw HutZymKnI ]Zhnbpw HutZymKnI taÂhnemkhpw t^m¬ \¼cpw hyàam¡p¶ t_mÀUv \nÝnX Afhnepw hep¸¯nepw {]ZÀin¸nt¡−XmWv.


4. ]Whpw ]mcntXmjnIhpw Bhiys¸SpItbm ssI¸äpItbm sN¿cpXv F¶Xp kw_Ôn¨ t_mÀUvþ hntÃPm^okn \n¶papÅ tkh\§Ä¡v ]Wtam ]mcntXmjnItam Bhiys¸Sp¶Xpw ssI¸äp¶Xpw IpäIcamsW¶p ImWn¨psIm−pw A¯cw {]hr¯nIÄ {i²bnÂs¸«m Adnbnt¡− hnPne³kv A[nImcnbpsS ta hnemkw, t^m¬ \¼À F¶nh DÄs¡mÅn¨p sIm−papÅ t_mÀUv hntÃtPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡−XmWv. 5. Hm^okv kabw kw_Ôn¨ t_mÀUvþ Hm^okv {]hÀ¯\ kabw, D¨`£W¯n\pff CSthf F¶nhbpsS hniZmwi§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯nb Hcp t_mÀUv FÃm hntÃPv Hm^okpIfnepw {]ZÀin¸nt¡−XmWv. 6. apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[n kw_Ôn¨ t_mÀUvþ apJya{´nbpsS ZpcnXmizmk \n[nbnÂ\n¶pw GsXms¡ Bhiy§Ä¡mWv [\klmbw A\phZn¡p¶sX¶pw CXn\pff hcpam\ ]cn[n, aäp]m[nIÄ F¶nh Fs´ms¡bmsW¶pw hyàam¡p¶ t_mÀUv hntÃtPm^okn {]ZÀin¸nt¡−XmWv. 7. t\m«okv t_mÀUvþ hntÃtPm^okÀ Xs¶ ]pds¸Sphn¡p¶tXm aäp kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\§fn \n¶pw \nbam\pkrXw ]ckys¸Sp¯mt\m Bhiys¸«p e`n¡p¶tXm Bb FÃm t\m«okpIfpw bYmhn[n ]ckys¸Sp¯p¶Xnte¡mbn hntÃtPm^okn Hcp t\m«okv t_mÀUv D−mbncnt¡−XmWv.

Kerlala Land Revenue Manual- Village office Procedures.  

Kerlala Land Revenue Manual- Village office Procedures.

Kerlala Land Revenue Manual- Village office Procedures.  

Kerlala Land Revenue Manual- Village office Procedures.

Advertisement