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TION

C ONNE C L A ULTUR C D N PLAN BAN A R R U E T R S OR MA TER FO D N I E R C R IT CO DETRO +CASS

Mamon el Shareef


Lawrence Technological University Architecture Design Studio 5 Summer 2012 Designer: Mamon El Shareef Professor: Michael Anthony Giovanni, AIA Juror 1: John Hrovat, AIA, OAA, LEED AP Juror 2: Michele Tasca, AAHID Advisor: Glen S. LeRoy, FAIA, FAICP


TABLE OF CONTENTS 4

Project Snapshots

39

6

Program & Site

39 40

6 7 8 9 9 10 12 17 17 18 24 24 25 26 29 32 34 35

Project Description Space Program Project Site Site Analysis Current Issues (Detroit Urban Decay) Detroit History Analysis Master Plan Development Frame Work Architecture Design Inspiration Ideation Design Development Floor plans Elevations Sections Views & Perspectives

41 41 41 42 42 43 44

Structural Illustration Structural System Typical framing Plan ADA & Egress ADA Accessibility Means of Egress Environmental Systems HVAC Daylight Specs


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PROJECT DESCRIPTION

PROGRAM & SITE STUDIO DESCRIPTION Architecture Design Studio 5 is an integral architectural endeavor that synthesizes and builds upon the various design experiences of the previous years. Collective issues are integrated, including: programming, environmental concerns, structure, and building systems. Clarity of thought and sensitivity of design are explored in design proposal format through the vehicles of writing and graphic portrayal as a means of professional communication. The instructor serves as both coach and facilitator. Projects are reviewed and evaluated by a jury from the architectural profession. _ Mike Giovanni PROJECT DESCRIPTION Like many great cities created in the nineteenth century, each of Detroit districts were originally established by certain ethnic group supported schools, businesses, jobs, housing, social connections and church communities. The Churches became a symbol of prosperity and social grace embodied in each community or ethnic group. Today the inner city districts are reduced to these historically and architecturally prominent structures as the last vestiges of these forgotten communities. Our project site will thus be identified by some of the remaining churches, “Cass Park Baptist and Cass corridor Connection. The project and program is devised to rediscover the once proud and vibrant neighborhood connections severed by the Detroit highway system. _ Mike Giovanni PROJECT GOAL Our project goal is to RECONNECT reunite the city

THE URBAN FABRIC

to reestablish these forgotten and displaced communities in an effort to help

The program characteristics of the DETROIT CENTER FOR URBAN AND CULTURAL CONNECTION are selected to reinforce the idea of community connection and unity supported by a spatial urban connections. The program is devised to appeal to community groups, neighborhood groups, local universities and church communities to establish a general social and urban support system. PROJECT INTENT The project is divided into two components: 1- Master Planning Program Component: A conceptual approach to develop a master plan for the entire site

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2- Detail Design Program Component: DETROIT CENTER

FOR

URBAN

AND

CULTURAL CONNECTION


1.0

DETROIT CENTER 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9

FOR

URBAN

AND

CULTURAL CONNECTION

Grand Gallery Administration Cultural Awareness Galleries Conference and Education Facilities Visitor Center Cafeteria Book Store and souvenirs Auditorium Visitor Center Detroit Art Gallery

PROJECT PROGRAM

DETAIL DEIGN

MASTER PLAN RESIDENTIAL COMMONS 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.0

HOUSING

4-bed, 3-bed, 2-bed & 1-bed Residential Units Common Fitness Center Community Center

CORPORATE OFFICE SPACE 3.1 3.2

4.0

AND

Open Office Area First Floor Retail

RETAIL FACILITIES

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2.0


PROJECT SITE

Midtown

The site of the project is located in the “inner ring” of the Detroit central business district near the west edge of the Detroit theater district. The “inner ring” of the Detroit central business district is bounded by the lodge freeway to the west, the fisher freeway (I-75) to the north, the fisher freeway (I-375) to the east and Detroit River to the south. The site is located just north of the future new sport and entertainment arena that will house the Detroit Red wings hockey team. The is bisected by the fisher freeway (I-75) and Grand River boulevard and bounded by Henry Street to the north, Cass avenue to the west, Columbia street and plum street to the south and third street to the west.

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The site is located in a growing and dynamic area of downtown Detroit. Recent downtown development over the last several year include the Fox theater, the Detroit Opera House renovation, the construction of commerica field, home the Detroit tigers, and ford field, home of the Detroit Lions, renovations for the renaissances center and the casino developments, MGM grand, Motor city and Greek town casino.

I-75 Downtown


City Owned Vacant Lots (lots per square

0-500 500-900 900-1300

1300-1700 1700-2200 2200-2600 2600-3200

DETROIT URBAN DECAY

SITE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS

3200-3500

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The urban history of Detroit is a long and interesting story, the city has suffered a decline in population and economic stability through out the post world war era. We have seen the invasion of the super highway system cutting through the heart of the city, reducing numerous viable neighborhoods. Today the evidence is quite clear as one travels around the city of Detroit. The decline of the population in many ways was encouraged by the suburban explosion and the imposing of the super highway system. _ Mike Giovanni


HISTORY OF DETROIT

Civil War era

dé Troit

Statue of French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac commemorating his 1701 landing along the Detroit River.

In 1701, the French officer Antoine de La Mothe Cadillac, along with fifty-one additional French-Canadians, founded a settlement called Fort Ponchartrain du Détroit, naming it after the comte de Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine under Louis XIV. France offered free land in order to attract families to Detroit, which grew to 800 people in 1765, the largest city between Montreal and New Orleans

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Rise of industry and commerce

A thriving carriage trade set the stage for the work of Henry Ford, who in 1899 built his first automobile factory in Highland Park, an independent city that is now surrounded by Detroit. Ford’s manufacturing innovations were soon adopted by rival automobile manufacturers, including General Motors, Chrysler and American Motors. Each of them, like Ford, established its headquarters in the Detroit metropolitan area, solidifying Detroit’s status as the world’s car capital.

Michigan Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monumen

The Michigan Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument in Detroit’s Campus Martius Park commemorates the state’s role in the American Civil War. Then a Lieutenant, the future president Ulysses S. Grant was stationed in the city. His dwelling is still at the Michigan State Fairgrounds. Because of this local sentiment, many Detroiters volunteered to fight during the American Civil War, including the 24th Michigan Infantry Regiment

Immigrants in the 19th century Detroit has long been a city of immigrants, from the early French and English settlers in the 18th century, through the Irish who settled in the Corktown neighborhood in the 1840s, to the Greeks, who settled in the Greektown neighborhood in the early 20th century and the southern U.S. migrants who came to Detroit in the years before the Great Depression. Detroit’s industrial boom in the later 19th century created yet another stream of immigrants into Detroit. Significant contingents during this period included German and Polish immigrants who settled in Detroit in the 1860-1890s. A wave of Italian immigrants arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries


Motown founded by Berry Gordy, Jr. and incorporated as Motown Record Corporation in Detroit, Michigan, United States, on April 14, 1960. The name, a portmanteau of motor and town Motown played an important role in the racial integration of popular music, by achieving a crossover success. In the 1960s, Motown and its soul-based subsidiaries were the most successful proponents of what came to be known as The Motown Sound, a style of soul music with a distinct pop influence. From 1961 to 1971, Motown had 110 top 10 hits. Top artists on the Motown label during that period included Diana Ross & The Supremes, The Four Tops, and The Jackson 5, while Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, and The Miracles released hits on the Tamla label.

HISTORY OF DETROIT

Hockytown The entry of the United States into World War II brought tremendous changes to the city. From 1942 to 1945, production of commercial automobiles in the city ceased entirely, as its factories were used instead to construct M5 tanks, jeeps, and B-24 bombers for the Allies. The Guardian Building was converted into a headquarters for wartime production. The city’s major contribution to the Allied war effort earned it the nickname “The Arsenal of Democracy.”

“Hockeytown” is one of several nicknames for the city of Detroit, Michigan, (i.e. Motor City and City of Champions) which arose in 1996 as the result of a marketing campaign by the city’s NHL franchise, the Detroit Red Wings Woodward Avenue

In 1909, Wayne County built the first mile of concrete highway in the world on Woodward Avenue between Six and Seven Mile roads. Until then, a surfaced road was gravel, and often a horse was employed to pull a car out of the muddy muck.

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The “Arsenal of Democracy”


EXSISTING SITE CONDITIONS pg| 12

The urban history of Detroit is a long and interesting story, the city has suffered a decline in population and economic stability through out the post world war era. We have seen the invasion of the super highway system cutting through the heart of the city, reducing numerous viable neighborhoods. Today the evidence is quite clear as one travels around the city of Detroit. The decline of the population in many ways was encouraged by the suburban expulsion and the imposing of the super highway system.


SITE CONTEXT

Overall Site Context

Immediate Site Context

MGM Grand Casino

Cass Park & Masonic Temple

Theater District

Corktown

MotorCity Casino

Cass Tech High School

Midtown Lafayette Park

Proposed New Red Wings Arena

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Downtown “Inner Ring”


CLIMATE

June 6th, 2012, 8:00 AM

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June 6th, 2012, 4:00 PM

June 6th, 2012, 6:00 PM


Bikes NO trace of any bicycle designated routes

People/Foot

Majority of the streets have sidewalks

CIRCULATION

Over 50% of the surface is designated for cars!

Transit/Bus Bus Routes

Bus Stops

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CARS


pg| 16 TRAFFIC


CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT

MASTER PLAN

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The goal is to create a movement to link the colorful historical Detroit to the futuristic Detroit; from here an attractive, revitalized urban environment will be formed where it embraces the past, the present, the future, physical and emotional experience of a vibrant city life.


Upper Levels

e. Second Av

e. Second Av

PROGRAMING

Ground Level

I-75

I-75

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St

Office Space Green Space

Clifford

Cass Ave

Green Space

Cultural Residential

r

Third Ave.

Office Space

ive

St

dR an

Gr

Clifford

Cass Ave

r

Residential

ive

dR an

Gr

Third Ave.

Retail Cultural


2. 3 & 4 Bed Units e. Second Av

1

3. Cultural Center 4. Retail and Office Space

10

3

PROGRAMING

1. Retail and 2 & 3 Bed Units

5. Retail and 1 & 2 Bed Units I-75

10

7

dR

ive

r

St

an

Clifford

Third Ave.

5

Gr

Cass Ave

9 6

6. Retail and Office Space

8

7. Retail and Office Space 8. School and Office Space 9. Retail and Office Space 10. Green Plaza

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4


RE-ROUTING pg| 20

The re-routing of the streets is due to a portian of the freeway below was covered to reclaim some of the space the freeway has taken and divided the site into segments. The re-routing traregy insures easy flow if vehicular traffic while allowing for foot and bike travel to have a priority.


Sec-

FIGURE GROUND STUDY

After

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Before


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SITE PLAN


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INSPIRATION

ARCHITECTURE DESIGN

The idea for the architecture design is inspired from the city grid and the old Woodward plan for rebuilding the city of Detroit after the fire of 1805. The original plan was a radial concept and only partially implanted. The radial paths of the grid were the guiding logic to develop the architecture language of the Detroit Center for Urban and Cultural Connection as well as the site development of the urban master plan. The turning slopes


The elevated experimental path is made of a series of individual slopes ramp-like connector structures that gradually become more exaggerated as the building rises. At the same time, each of the connector rotates relative to the slope below to align with the city’s grid beyond.

The Path wraps around the building and the building forms becomes responding to the formation of the path with slight gap between the the two structures that allows for structural connections

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IDEATION

ARCHITECTURE


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PHYSICAL EXPERIMENTATION


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DEVELOPMENT

PATH ASSEMBLY

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Structure

Floor+Roof enclosure

Glazing

Skin


1. Entrance Lobby 2. Path Entrance

1 3 2

8

6

4 5

9

3. Ground Level Entrance 4. Vertical Transportation

7

FLOOR PLANS

Ground Level

5. Bookstore & Retail

10

6. Restrooms 8

7. Stage & Back stage 8. Dressing Rooms 9.Orchestra Pit 10. Auditorium

Level 2 1. Lobby 2. Restrooms 2

3. Entrance to Auditorium

5

4. Auditorium

1

5. Below 3

4

6. Mechanical Room 7. Egress Stair 6 7

8. Path

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8

3


FLOOR PLANS

Level 4 1. Balcony Seating 2. Lobby 3

3. Restrooms

4 7

2

5. Conference Room

6

1

4. Administration Offices

6. Below 5

7. Deck

Level 8 1. Detroit Art Gallery 2. French Gallery 5

3. Irish Gallery

2

4. African American Gallery

3

5. Restrooms

6

1

4

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8

7

6. Opening for Daylight 7. Egress Stair 8. Outdoor Deck


1. Entrance Lobby 2. Circulation lobby 1

3. Opening for Daylight

4

4. Italian Gallery

5

9

2

5. Mexican Gallery

3

8

FLOOR PLANS

Level 10

6. Jewish Gallery

6

7. Asian Gallery

7

8. Middle Eastern Gallery

10

9. Polish gallery 10. Outdoor Deck

Level 12 1. Lobby 2

2. Restrooms 4

3. Daylight Opening

1

4. Open Gallery 3

5

5. Education Facilities 6. Egress Stair

5

5 6

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3

5


ELEVATIONS pg| 32

East Elavation

West Elavation


ELEVATIONS

North Elevation

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South Elevation


SECTIONS pg| 34

0’ 4’ 8’

16’

32’

0’ 4’ 8’

16’

32’

Section 1

Section 2


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pg| 36 EXTERIOR VIEWS


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Intrior veiw overlooking Downtown Detroit Skyline


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STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

STRUCTURAL ILLUSTRATION


pg| 40 FRAMING PLAN (TYPICAL FLOOR)


ADA & EGRESS

Path discharge to stairs and street Travel Distance to Exit Access

Stairs Discharge to Street

Stairs Shafts Elevator Shaft

30’

8’

30’

8’

For every 30 feet run, 8 feet landing: Meets and exceeds ADA ramp requirements

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1:12 Typical path ramp slope: complies with ADA standards


HVAC

Mechanical Unit - Zone 1

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Supply and Return air-duct for the elevated path space

Mechanical Unit - Zone 2

Supply and Return air-duct for the main structure


4:00 PM

2:00 PM

12:00 PM 10:00 AM

6:00 PM 8:00 AM

SUSTAINABILITY

DAYLIGHT

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Opening through the three story gallery spaces brings daylight through the various spaces. The sun rays penetrates different spaces in different levels as the sun rotates throughout the day.


SPECS

SITE The site construction consists of the following; Concrete sidewalks: cast-in-place 6” concrete pad over gravel materials, reinforced with steel bars to maintaining stability and minimize matinance and revocations Stone pavements: Certain surface in the site that cross and lead to the entrance are constructed from a 4” thick stone ground covering tile over 2” of poured cement bed Vegtiation and Tress: Grass and tress will be planted in the site per layouts and design Water: 2 feet deep water feature in front of the main entrance BUILDING FOUNDATION The building foundation will be made of deep reinforced concrete footing around the perimeter of the building and inveduail concrete pad for columns STRUCTURE The structure frame will consists of the following; Concrete columns: 18 24”x24” reinforced concrete cores will be the primary structure that will support the building other structural elements Steel Beams and Columns: Wide flange steel columns will connect from the concrete cores to varies secondary structural elements Framing and Cantilevers: The floor and roof diaphragms are assembled of a flexible steel system, the cantilevered path is structural made of 3 dimensional steel truss that connect to the wide flange beams and columns of the primary structure which in turn will transfer load to the foundation of the building Decking and ceilings: Decking in all frames are flexible corrugated metal panels with light weight concrete floors The ceiling are dropped and exposed Cladding and skin: the main building skins is made of 2x2 metal panel covering over the wall assemblies and path skin is perforated metal panels. GLAZING

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Glazing is 5’x10’ double-pane tinted glass panels, treated and low-e for energy efficient, mullions are 2x1 light weight bronze coated aluminum


ROOFING Polyvinyl Chloride Sheet Roofing: ASTM D 4434-96 (or latest revision), Type III, polyester reinforced, 45 mils nominal thickness minimum, standard color (white). Rigid Insulation: HCFC-blown isocyanurate foam with heavy felt facers fiberglass reinforced. Provide above deck roof insulation in 2 inch layers for a total thickness of 4 inches; R7.3 per inch (R29.2 total). THEATER ACUSTICAL PANELS

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(AC-A-1) Type and Form: Type III, wet formed mineral fiber with painted finish; Form 2, Pattern CD, (perforated and fissured) 5/8” thick. Product: Model 824 (24”x 24”) Cortega with square edge for 15/16” grid as manufactured by Armstrong.


THANK YOU

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MAMON EL SHAREEF

Detroit Center for Urban and Cultural Connection  

Senior Design Project