Table of Contents •
Film in the 1920s (pg. 2)
Babe Ruth (pg. 3) by Natalie Trout
Coco Chanel(pg. 4) by Jen Kuehn
Consumerism(pg. 13) by Craig Moser
Radio (pg. 5) by Jen Kuehn
Urban vs. Rural(pg. 14) by Craig Moser
Music (pg. 6) by Rayven Newson
Prohibition. Wet or Dry? (pg. 7) by Rayven Newson Scopes Trial (pg. 8) by Natalie Trout
Racial Tensions(pg. 9) by Rayven Newson
An Economic Depression(pg. 10) by Jen Kuehn Nineteenth Amendment(pg. 12) by Craig Moser
The Automobile and the Assembly Line(pg. 15) By Arianna Rodriguez Boy meets girl and Girl meets world(pg. 16) By Arianna Rodriguez Film in the 20th Century(pg. 17) By Arianna Rodriguez Bibliography (pg. 18)
Babe Ruth Breaks Home Run Record By Natalie Trout
“I knew I was going to hit it,” Babe Ruth said. On September 30th, 1927, Babe Ruth broke a record for how many home runs in a single season. It was the 8th inning of the game, last game of the season. This was projected to be Ruth’s last time to try to break the record.Ruth broke the record with 59 home runs or “Homers”.Ruth tried to break the record the year before, but fell short with 54 home runs.
When Ruth made the ball fly in to the grandstands everybody was ecstatic. As Ruth took a slow stroll around the bases, fans threw hats and ripped up paper into the air. In the next inning Ruth saluted fans that waved at him.
Babe Ruth. 1927. Photograph. New York, NY. Web. 30 Oct. 2013. <http://www.stevestei nberg.net/baseball_h istory/baseball_perso nalities/BabeRuth.as p>.
Coco Chanel By Jen Kuehn Gabrielle Chanel is a French fashion designer who founded the brand Chanel. Coco was a nickname given to her. She is a successful business woman and a social icon. She is a fashion icon with her modern style and “bob” haircut. Along with running her business she also designs costumes for musicals and shows. Chanel has sporty and casual clothes. The clothing is a new women’s style that is loose because Coco believes that clothes should be simple. Coco Chanel also makes jewelry, handbags, and fragrance. Coco likes to hide her past because her family was affected by poverty. Her mother died when she was young so her dad abandoned her and her siblings to an orphanage. While she was living in the orphanage she learned how to sew. When she left the orphanage at age 18, she worked as a tailor. She opened Chanel when she was older and it started with just hats. Her fashion is now spreading throughout the globe. http://www.gocitygirl.com/en/GoFashion/ ?blogId=14428
Radio By Jen Kuehn Radio became popular for families starting in 1920. The first known radio station was a commercial station. It was called KDKA and was first broadcasted on November 2, 1920. Now, people can listen to any station they want based on their interests and needs. There are many different music stations with different styles. There are now classical, jazz, and popular music stations. There are also radio stations that have sporting events, fictional stories, lectures, news casts, weather reports, and market updates. These stations form a community for people with similar interests and needs. The number of stations jumped from 30 stations in 1922 to 556 stations in 1923. Listening is free to anyone who has purchased the radio. It is more convenient then records because you have to change the record every couple of minutes. The radio also has ads for different products. Crystal radios are the most common kind of radio. They are common because they can be homemade and are inexpensive.
Music By Rayven Newson Jazz is hip, and new, but not everyone loves it. How could people hate music that makes you want to dance and shout? The older generation thinks that this new form of music is corrupting our minds, and that it is the devils music. Older generations don’t agree with how Jazz was played performer or composer, and didn’t follow traditional classic music. Jazz was originally made popular in New York and Chicago, but it is now played and loved everywhere. Jazz is very popular in Speakeasies, dance halls, and roadhouses. Other popular dance music was Blues-Ragtime; it was upbeat and catchy. Whether writing it, singing it, playing it, or dancing to it, Jazz is a great pastime, and a great form of therapy. Who doesn’t love to “Jazz” it up?!
Prohibition...are you a Wet or a Dry? It’s time to take a side. By Rayven Newson Prohibition has led to quite a debate, which has led to many different arguments between people because of their different views. Originally, the purpose to have movements to make alcohol illegal, were to decrease the ‘evils’ that came from it. Women and Men joined forces to get rid of liquor. Then, because of World War One, prohibition was pushed even more, to save the grains that could be used for the Troops as bread. On January 17th, 1920, the 18th amendment was put into effect;prohibiting the manufacture, sale, transport, import, or export of alcoholic beverages. The people who support Prohibition are nicknamed “Dry’s”. Dry’s believe that the consumption of alcohol breaks up families, and causes crime and other violence to our communities. The Dry’s are no doubt, ecstatic that this law is passed, after rallying and rallying, they finally got their way. The people who are against Prohibition are nicknamed the “Wet’s”. The Wets are obviously outraged that this law has been passed. Never the less, just because this law was passed doesn’t mean that everyone would follow it. Bootleggers are now popping out everywhere! A Bootlegger is a person or people who create liquor and sell it, even though the use of liquor is outlawed in America. Not only that, establishments that illegally sell alcoholic beverages, often known as Speakeasies, are showing up on every corner. It is obvious that no law is going to stop our people from doing what they want to do. Needless to say, an individual can argue for Prohibition until they are red in the face. The same goes to people who argue against Prohibition. The question is, do the so called “evils” of alcohol sells and consumption truly make our communities a better place? Or, does Prohibition actually lead to more laws being broken? You be the judge.
Scopes Trial By Natalie Trout
One hot summer day on July 5, 1925. A trial went on that could of changed the way children go to school. Throughout the years, Teacher, John Scopes was teaching evolution. Evolution was the reasoning to explain how people were before us. Scopes was asked to go to trial because people thought that evolution was not real. Defending Scopes was the legendary attorney Clarence Darrow. Fighting for the State of Tennessee was William jennings Brian.
In the end the State and anti-evolutionists won the trial. Scopes was charged with $100 in fines. The thought of evolution was no longer discussed. antiEvolutionists. 1925. Photograph. BlogSpot. Web. 30 Oct. 2013. <http://freestude nts.blogspot.com /2010/07/newfilm-attacksdarwin-evolutionand.html>. Support
Racial Tensions By Rayven Newson Racial tensions are at high right now. Not only blacks, but Chinese and Hispanics as well. Blacks are beaten, tortured, and lynched by the Second Ku Klux Klan, also known as the KKK. The Second KKK was founded in 1915 by an ex minister named William J. Simmons. In Atlanta there were as many as 45,000 clan members. The KKK mostly targets Blacks, Catholics, and Jews. Blacks forced to go to different schools, swimming areas, and different water fountains than whites. Blacks canâ€™t choose where to sit at a diner. Blacks canâ€™t get the same quality of books and education as whites. Most whites believe that they are the superior race. What do you think? The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People or NAACP is a civil rights group that is working on getting equal rights and opportunity for everyone. Would you join this group?
An Economic Depression By Jen Kuehn
The war helped our economy. During the war, our country switched all of our industries to war industries. The men who left to fight in the war opened up jobs for many people. When people learned of all the new jobs people moved to the cities. The unemployment rates dropped during the war and the economy boomed. The agriculture industry improved due to the need for all supplies in Europe. When the war ended the United States economy slowed. The U.S. had been depending on these wartime industries. The U.S. had been making all their money from war industries and these industries were no longer needed. The U.S. had to convert their industries back from the munitions for war. With all the soldiers entering the workforce again, there were not enough jobs. This caused social tensions as people fought for the different jobs. In 1921, President Warren G. Harding was elected in the hope that he could help improve the United States economy. His goal was to reduce government spending. He did this by reducing inflation, eliminating wartime regulations, and lowering taxes.
Nineteenth Amendment By Craig Moser Recently on August 18, a great victory was won for equality among the American populace. The nineteenth amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, granting American women the long-sought right to vote. This triumph is the product of the Womenâ€™s Suffrage Movement that lasted over seventy years, having begun in 1948 at the Seneca Falls Convention in New York. Though the women who began the movement, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, are no longer with us today, their determination has lived on, and what they worked towards for so many years is now a reality. The amendment was ratified by a narrow decision in Tennessee thanks to a single vote: Representative Harry T. Burn chose to support it due to a letter his mother wrote him, convincing him to help her obtain the right to vote. This sudden influx of new voters like her will surely influence the course the nation. We need only wait until the next election to find out how! http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/images/19th_amendment_440.jpg
Consumerism By Craig Moser With the rapid adoption of the radio across the nation, music and news can be easily broadcasted to great numbers of people at once. However, entertainment and current events aren’t the only things they’re tuning in to. Radio waves have exploded as a new medium through which to advertise the wide variety of exciting, convenient new products commercially available to the American public. With these revolutionary devices, housework and other tasks can be completed quickly and easily, leaving users with more time to enjoy themselves. New machines aren’t just limited to work, though: what better way to spend this newfound free time than going for a drive through the countryside in an affordable Ford car, or seeing a thrilling new movie at a local theater? Eager to sell their products, some vendors offer flexible payment plans to aid those who cannot afford to foot the bill for an item all at once. However, they may, also in pursuance of making sales, make dubious claims or use backhanded advertising techniques. As there are no regulations on radio advertisement, it is up to consumers to watch out for a bad deal!
Urban vs. Rural By Craig Moser America has been experiencing enormous growth in densely populated cities. Similarly, the economy is shifting from agriculture to industry. With these changes, it is to be expected that there be some conflict, and due to their differing lifestyles and ideals, there is a growing divide between urban and rural populations. One issue that is disagreed upon is the Prohibition. It is more strongly supported by rural communities, while it faces opposition in urban environments. Some of the arguments made in the former state that the immigrants that populate the cities are likely to be irresponsible with alcohol due to their cultural differences, but opponents from said cities refute this, denouncing it as discrimination. Another controversial issue is the teaching of sciences such as evolution that conflict with religious beliefs. Such instruction has been outlawed in some states, especially more rural ones, where there are more people with strong opposition to these ideas that are incongruous with their beliefs. However, these people have also faced criticism for not accepting modern scientific principles. With all these divisions between people, what will hold us together as a nation?
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Craig Moser, Jen Kuehn, Arianna Rodriguez, Natalie Trout, Rayven Newson