October 8th, 2015

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thursDAY • october 08 • 2015

DIMAPUR • Vol. X • Issue 275 • 12 PAGes • 4

T H e

ESTD. 2005

P o W e R

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T R u T H

Christianity is not about religion. It’s about faith, about being held, about being forgiven. It’s about finding joy — Bear Grylls Ex-UNGA head face bribery charge PAGe 9


By Sandemo Ngullie

Fusion FC defeats YAM; Arrjusanger FC strikers scores hattricks

RTI Week 2015: RTI and village administration PAGe 2


the paradox of nagaland health sector

Does Nagaland’s expenditure on healthcare commensurate with its delivery? Moa Jamir Dimapur | October 7


i bought this phone with my kids’ school fees. now i don’t know what i’m going to do with it.

The Morung Express Poll QuEsTion

Vote on www.morungexpress.com sMs your answer to 9862574165 Do you have hope there will be forgiveness and reconciliation among the Naga political groups? Yes



4 arrested for imposing unauthorised bandh




DIMAPUR, OCTOBER 7 (MExN): Dimapur Police arrested four persons today for imposing the unauthorised ‘Chakka Bandh’ called by the Dimapur District Truck Drivers’ Welfare Trade Union (DDTDWTU). Defying warnings of the police that such bandh was illegal, members of the Union led by its President and Jt. Secretary engaged in restraining truck drivers from plying their vehicles and also caused obstruction of vehicular traffic in certain parts of the highway, informed a press note from the PRO, Dimapur Police. Accordingly, the police intervened and arrested Kaiho Zhimomi, President DDTDWTU and Hekiye H, Jt. Secretary DDTDWTU from Burma Camp area. Later, two other members identified as Hoseytong Sangtam and Lichase Sangtam were also arrested for causing nuisance and obstruction to vehicular traffic, police said. The arrested persons have been booked for violation of various sections of law and a case has been registered, the police informed. Related story on page 5

KATOWA against bandh on sand imports DIMAPUR, OCTOBER 7 (MExN): The Karbi Anglong Truck Owners’ Welfare Association (KATOWA) today resolved that it will not comply with the indefinite bandh being imposed by Sand Mahaldar and Suppliers Association on sand imports to Nagaland state. This was agreed upon at a meeting held at Lahorijan on October 7. A press note from the KATOWA President, Nungsang Jamir and Secretary, Obed Swu further cautioned against the unauthorized usage of the association president’s name. It further clarified that the KATOWA “had no knowledge whatsoever about the joint meeting of September 4, 2015 nor the association president Nungsang Jamir had attended the said meeting.” It cautioned that the association would “initiate legal action against any union/association that falsely implicates the name of Karbi Anglong Truck Owners’ Welfare Association or its officials.” It further appealed to the administration and law enforcing authority of Karbi Anglong to intervene into the matter to ensure smooth operation of sand carrying trucks plying along the national highways.

Healthcare scenario in Nagaland appears to be a paradox, if one is to examine the report published by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), the Rural Health Statistics of 2014-2015 and evaluate it with the health scenario at ground level. Nagaland was listed 7th among the States spending the most on healthcare in the country. In 2012-2013, this State is reported to have expended a whopping Rs 377 crores. The report was compiled and published by the CBHI, the National nodal Institute in the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. By all accounts, with such expenses, it is expected that the State would score highly in both qualitative and quantitative delivery of healthcare to its citizens. However, an analysis of the CBHI report along with the Rural Health Statistics, 2014-15 indicate that the huge expenditure on healthcare does not commensurate with better health facilities or qualitative improvement for its citizens.

Child health: Big Worries Reproductive and child health remains a big worry as per the CBHI. The percentage of pregnant women (15-49) receiving Antenatal (healthcare by professionals during pregnancy) check-up was recorded abysmally low at 41.1% as against the national average of 75.1%. Other indices in this area shows similar pattern. With number of sub-centres on the high in Nagaland, institutional deliveries of babies stood high at 80.8% as compared to the national average of 47%. The report, however highlighted that post-delivery healthcare is appallingly low. Nagaland also had the lowest percentage of children between 12-23 months receiving full immunization in 2012-13 at 35% as against a national average of 54.0%. Consequently, the State has the lowest average in children receiving BCG Vaccine, DPT Dose, Measles Vaccine and at least one dose of Vitamin A supplement. Workforce deficiencies While the State has more than enough Sub-centres, Primary Health Centre (PHC), Community Health Centre (CHC), as well as the 11 district government hos-

Nagaland Health Profile at a Glance (As of March 31, 2015) Sub-Centre (SC) Primary Health Centre (PHC) Community Health Centre (CHC)

Required (A) 455 68 17

In Position (B) 396 128 21

Shortfall (A-B) 59 +60 +3

Health workers/ANM (Female) at SCs PHCs




Doctors at PHCs




Nursing Staff at PHC & CHCs




Health Workers/ANM (Male) at SCs PHCs




Health Assistant/LHV (Female) at PHCs




Health Assistant/LHV (Male) at PHCs








Surgeons at CHCS




Obstetrician & Gynecologist at CHCs




Pediatricians at CHCs




Total specialist at CHCs




Radiographers at CHCs




Lab. Technicians at PHCs & CHCs




PHARMACISTS at PHCs & CHCs 149 101 -34 Source: Rural Health Statistic 2014-15, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. pital, the required workforce to augment the same are grossly inadequate having ominous implications for public healthcare. At 437 Allopathic doctors in the State, one doctor serves 5326 persons while

in an average a dental surgeon serves 70526 people. According to another data, only 181 doctors were serving in the government health sector, which indicate that the remaining 256 doctors serve in private

health establishments. In infrastructure, there is another inconsistency. The State seems to have scored quite well on the number of SC, PHC and CHC established. However, availability of healthcare equipments,

sleepless for health care Morung Express news Dimapur | October 7

The problem of professional health specialists in Nagaland is so acute that people are willing to undergo severe inconveniences to get their services. For instance, the service of a specialized doctor in a leading hospital in Dimapur is so coveted that people wait whole nights in order to ‘register’ for an appointment with the doctor. At twelve midnight, an ‘unofficial register’ is put out so that people can register their names. It is then ‘officially’ registered by a nurse at 7:00am. Only 14 appointments are made per day. One person recounts how he had to wait till 7:00am in the morning guarding the unofficial register. He said he got the service only on the second night as he went ‘late’ (at 2AM) for registration in the first night. “I am physically healthy, but it was such a pity to see frails seniors waiting for whole night just to get an opportunity to see doctors,” he added. medicines and proper infrastructures of the district hospitals tell an altogether different story. Further, qualitative public health care deliveries are grossly missing in the PHCs and CHCs with acute lack of doctors, specialist and other required technicians. For instance, while the standard requirement is 84 specialist needed at the CHCs in the State, only four such people were reported to be in position. Consequently, there are acute shortfalls of other health professionals

like pediatricians, obstetricians, surgeons etc. Diagnostic facility is also seriously affected due to dearth of professionals like radiographers, laboratory technicians and pharmacists. Overall, the data suggest that there are adequate numbers of lower level health workers (nurses, ANM, health workers etc) with many establishments running in surplus. But lack of higher health professionals like doctors and other diagnostic technicians is taking its toll in providing proper healthcare.



I need to prove my innocence: Nagaland CM Despite over 41 cr sanction, Hindi teachers without pay for 5 months

KOHIMA, OCTOBER 7 (MExN): Nagaland state Chief Minister, TR Zeliang today while acknowledging the public apology tendered by NPF legislatures Noke Wangnao and G Kaito Aye regarding allegations earlier this year that the CM had indulged in money laundering, however stated that he needs to “prove his innocence to the public.” A letter from the Chief Minister’s press secretary to the two NPF MLAs stated that the CM feels he has to wait for the investigation conducted by the Reserve Bank of India and the En-

forcement Directorate on the allegations to be completed before coming to any “conclusion.” The letter further said that the CM has “no problem” with withdrawing the counter FIR filed at Diphupar Police Station on January 16, 2015, “but he needs to prove his innocence to the public.” “There is no reason why he should not forgive you two, his esteemed colleagues, if you can prove your innocence on the serious allegations levelled against him and his lady wife,” the letter stated. The CM further asked

the two MLAs to clarify as to “the identity and details of Mohan Mani; where and when did you meet him; who handed over the manufactured/ doctored bank documents; who incited you to sign the first press statement published in the local papers; who circulated the signed press release and other forged documents to the media on January 15, 2015; and how did the same allegations re-appear in the national newspapers in the month of July, long after the FIR was withdrawn from Diphupar Police Station on April

Myanmar can help India and China overcome problems: Suu Kyi states

NEw DElHI, OCTOBER 7 (IANS): Myanmar’s pro-democracy leader and Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi has said her country can leverage its good relations with India and China to help both countries “overcome their problems”. “Myanmar was one of the first countries in the world to recognise the Communist government of China at a time when we were extremely friendly with India. Better India-China relations can help Myanmar as well,” Myanmar’s opposition leader said in an interview with India Today TV channel. “Burma could help India and China overcome their problems. Why can’t we help the two of them to be better friends and neighbours?” she said. Suu Kyi said India and Myanmar “need to be more open and transparent to establish peace” on the issue of Indian troops allegedly crossing over into Myanmarese territory. “Neighbouring governments should establish peace along the borders through transparency, lack of which creates speculation and suspicion,” she said. She added: “There is not enough information, and the governments must be more open about what is happening, what they are doing, and why if they want the people to be part of the problem-solving.” Insurgent groups like the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), Suu Kyi said, were not a problem just for India but also

Myanmar. Indian troops had carried out surgical strikes on NSCN camps along the border with Myanmar in June. “India has to work to come to a peaceful settlement with the Nagas. And we (Myanmar) have got to work to come to a peaceful settlement with those who are on the border,” Suu Kyi said, ahead of elections on November 8. She termed the relationship between Myanmar and India as “not bad”, and said it was an improvement over what it was three years ago. “The present relations are an improvement over what it was three or four years ago when India was overcautious about support for the democracy movement in Myanmar,” said Suu Kyi, who spent over nine years studying in India. It “saddened” her that India earlier “tried to keep away from Myanmar”, she said. “It saddened me that India, the world’s largest democracy, had turned its back on the democracy movement in Myanmar, in order to keep good relations with the military government in the country,” Suu Kyi explained. On her meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year, she said he came across as a “reserved but rather nice person”. “India can help Myanmar in demonstrating that democracy can survive despite difficulties that India has to face, which are a great deal more than what Myanmar would face now,” Suu Kyi said.

22, 2015.” Since irreparable damage has been done to the Chief Minister and his wife’s public image not only locally but globally as allegations went viral on social networking, the CM stated he is determined to rectify the personal injury, “though absolutely with no intention of recrimination against anyone in particular.” He further expressed hope that “this unfortunate chapter will be closed at the earliest, and that no such slanderous mischief will ever befall anyone in future.”

DNA research deployed in war against cancer scoops Nobel Prize STOCKHOlM, OCTOBER 7 (IANS): Three scientists will share the 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced on Wednesday. The prize was awarded jointly to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar “for mechanistic studies of DNA repair”. From one cell to another, from one generation to the next. The genetic information governs how human beings are shaped, the Swedish Academy said. Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 for having mapped and explained how the cell repairs its DNA and safeguards the genetic information. The committee says the three scientists’ work “has provided fundamental knowledge of how a living cell functions and how it is used for the development of new cancer treatments”. They mapped how several of these repair systems function at a detailed molecular level. Tomas Lindahl demonstrated DNA decays and this insight led him to discover a molecular machinery, base excision repair, which constantly counteracts the collapse of our DNA. Aziz Sancar has mapped nucleotide excision repair, the mechanism that cells use to repair UV damage to DNA. Paul Modrich has demonstrated how the cell corrects errors that occur when DNA is replicated during cell division.

DIMAPUR, OCTOBER 7 (MExN): The All Nagaland Aggrieved Hindi Teachers Association (ANAHTA) today informed that Hindi teachers under Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) in the state have not been paid their salaries for the last five months, since June 2015. In a letter to the Nagaland Finance Commissioner; the Commissioner and Secretary, Department of School Education and the Director, Department of School Education, the ANAHTA informed that as per a letter dated November 27, 2014, addressed to the Principal Accounts Officer, Department of Higher Education, MHRD, from the MHRD Under Secretary, the amount for payment of salary to Hindi teachers appointed under CSS has been sanctioned and accorded to the Secretary Education, Government of Nagaland. A copy of the letter made

available to the media revealed that sanction has been “accorded to the payment of grant of salary for the period 2014-15 amounting to Rs 41,40,55,699 (Forty one crores forty lakhs fifty five thousand six hundred

for the teachers. “The inhuman treatment is causing irreparable mental torture to us the teachers and our families. Time and again teacher’s payment has been withheld for the inaction of the government and the department,” it lamented. It further reminded that teachers cannot constantly approach the higher authorities for payment of salaries because they have to teach their students. “We the aggrieved teachers also do not have the resources to keep on approaching the authorities for what is rightfully ours,” it added. The ANAHTA demanded that the state government clarify in writing as to why their salaries have not been paid. It demanded that the clarification be made within two weeks. It further cautioned that failure to address their grievances would compel the teachers to take their own course of action.


ANAHTA demands clarification from Nagaland government and ninety nine) to the Education Secretary, Government of Nagaland for incurring expenditure on Hindi teachers appointed under the centrally sponsored scheme of appointment of language teachers.” It further informed that the grant in aid of Rs 41,40,55,699 has been entered at S.NO 2 of IF II Register at page 16. The Letter, appended by ANAHTA Co Convenor, Sorenthung Murry and General Secretary, Sentimenla, said that salary is not only a matter of right but also a matter of survival



The national Highway 2 stretch at Tseminyu bore a deserted look on Wednesday, october 7 with the lotha Hoho and the Rengma Hoho imposing a total bandh to protest against the pathetic road conditions of the highway. Business establishments, educational institutions and most activities came to a standstill, within the two sectors of Tseminyu and Wokha. Even government offices were empty, informed a press note from the Rengma Hoho and the lotha Hoho. The two Hohos expressed hope that the government would expedite execution of widening and maintenance works of the nH 2 immediately.



thursDAY 08•10•2015




RTI Week 2015: RTI and village administration

Dr. Hovithal N Sothu, State Coordinator, Disaster Management, ATI addresses the workshop on RTI and village administration held on October 7. (Morung Photo) Morung Express News Kohima | October 7

Commemorating the RTI week (October 5 to 12) a workshop on RTI and village administration was held on October 7 with village leaders participating. The programme was chaired by Kethosituo Sekhose, APIO and SDO (C) Sadar, Kohima while the keynote address was delivered by Lithrongla Tongpi, PIO & Additional Deputy Commissioner, Kohima with Dr. Hovithal N Sothu, State Coordinator, Disaster Management, ATI as the resource person. Sothu explained the basic usage and information


of RTI to the village leaders and provided detailed outlines of how to file RTI. “You have the right to know and to be informed. Anything that has to do with people’s welfare comes under RTI,” said Sothu who also mentioned that the information is not just confined to paper documents but information that has been passed through email. Sothu also reminded the participants that RTI is made for the welfare and interests of the public and not personal interests and that information can range from human rights to management of schemes, programs and projects. “It is


AR organises skill development prog Dimapur, october 7 (mexN): Assam Rifles organised a ‘Skill Development Programme’ in Wokha district, where experts from Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Wokha were roped in to conduct classes on promotion of cash crop and horticulture at various places - Chukitong, Englan and Wokha. A press note from AR informed that a large number of unemployed youth and farmers attended the classes. Meanwhile, the AR informed that in order to assist and provide meaningful employment, all AR battalions have opened up centres to help aspiring youth register online for army recruitment rally scheduled in November, it added. Constant interaction is carried out on daily basis with GBs and prominent persons of villages to have a healthy interaction and iron out functional issues, it added.

JaKhama, october 7 (mexN): The Angami Students' Union (ASU), St. Josephs' College, Jakhama held its 18th Annual Day on September 26 at Viswema community hall with Dievi Yano, President Angami Students Union (ASU), as the guest speaker. Yano challenged the women to take more initiative in the society, and also stressed on the importance of speaking the common language Tenyidie rather than Nagamese. He further urged the students to be real competitive and work hard instead of staying at one’s own homeland being unproductive and waiting for uncertain State government jobs. Rev. Atha Neikha, pastor, Viswema Baptist Church invoked Gods' blessing upon the students. The program was led by Vikukhoto Johnson Rolnu and Ruopfiivinuo Tsürho. A press release informed that around 700 Angami students of SJC Jakhama attended the programme. Mr & Miss ASU SJC, Jakhama 2015 titles were earned by Aviho Kechii (BBA department) and Vikusanu Yiene (Sociology department).

Kohima College observes 48th College Week Kohima, october 7(mexN): Kohima College, Kohima observed its 48th College Week from September 28 to October 1 with Vice Principal of the College, Zetso Sakhrie as the Chief Guest. The highlights of the college week included observance of Literary Day and Sports. Competitions in the discipline of debate, essay, poetry, painting, extempore speech, duet, musical piece, flower arrangement were held wherein participants from three houses, namely Rising, Dynamos, and Classic competed. In the category of sports, football, volleyball, basketball, athletic, and indoor games were played.

KVK Aboi organizes training moN, october 7 (mexN): Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mon (Aboi) organized training cum field day on October 3 at KVK office, Aboi under National Innovations Climate Resilient in Agriculture Project- Technology Demonstration Component (NICRA-TDC). Dr. Paihem Michui, Subject Matter Specialist (Veterinary & Animal Husbandry) chaired the programme and highlighted the objectives of the NICRA-TDC. SMS (Plant Breeding) Dr. MS Sachan spoke on winter vegetable crops and practically demonstrated nursery raising of cole crops (Cabbage & Cauliflower). Field days on soybean was also conducted for double cropping to increase productivity, profitability and cropping intensity. The programme concluded with distribution of seeds and critical inputs to the farmers. Altogether, 40 practicing farmers attended the programme.

Happy 1 Birthday



about seeking one’s rights,” noted Sothu. Sothu informed that the highest body of RTI in the state is Nagaland State Information Commission, which is followed by the public authorities which includes all governmental departments, village councils, VDBs and any NGO that is substantially financed by Government. Every department has a PIO and APIO. While talking about the positive changes that RTI has brought about, Sothu pointed out one major setback in Nagaland which is the people’s inability to fight back for their rights

after receiving the information. “A lot of people after filing application and receiving the information do not follow up. They just stop after receiving the information without fighting back for their rights or what has been wronged against them. Fighting back for your right is your duty especially after receiving the information. It is your loss if you are not able to fight back for your right or what has been wronged against you.” said Sothu Informing the participants on the roles of PIO and APIO, Sothu explained that the PIO’s duty is to receive application and correct if there is any discrepancies in the application. The PIO is also expected to give direction to the applicant. If the information does not exist, the applicant has the right to ask and claim the information to be made and if the application is rejected, it is the PIO’s duty to give a written clarification on the rejection. Application for people living BPL is free but the applicant will need to provide proof. The programme concluded with a screening of documentary film on RTI by DPRO Kohima.


Gooseberries are found in abundance in Nagaland and are in high demand. Gooseberries are low in calories, fat and cholesterol free and are a good source of essential nutrients including vitamin C, vitamin A, manganese and dietary fiber. Photo by Chizokho Vero

Director General Assam Rifles visits Nagaland

Kohima, october 7 (mexN): Lt Gen HJS Sachdev, AVSM, SM, the newly appointed Director General Assam Rifles (DGAR) visited Kohima on October 6 and 7. During the course of his visit, Maj Gen M S Jaswal, YSM, SM, IGAR (North) briefed him on the prevailing security situation in Nagaland and the steps being taken by Assam Rifles to provide a conducive environment for the elected Government to function and for development activities to take place in the State. The DGAR was also briefed on

the various Civic Action Projects that have been executed as well as those planned to be executed in the financial year, alongwith initiatives undertaken to enhance job opportunities, education and sports facilities for the people of Nagaland. The DGAR visited the 'C Hill' Post of 19 Assam Rifles and complimented all Ranks of Assam Rifles (North) for their dedication and devotion to duty. He reminded all Ranks that we should live up to our motto of, “Friends of the Hill People”. The

Baby Echiku With Love & Prayer, Mom & Dad, Grand Parents & Families.

DGAR also laid a wreath at the World War - II War Cemetery at Kohima in remembrance of the valiant soldiers who laid down their lives fighting the Japanese in the Battle of Kohima. Prior to his departure, the DGAR conveyed his appreciation and gratitude to the Populace, Civil Administration, NGOs, Church and Media of Nagaland for their continued cooperation with the Assam Rifles. This was stated in a press release issued by PRO, Assam Rifles Kohima, Nagaland.

NDMSA general body meeting on October 13

MEx File

ASU, SJC Jakhama annual day




Kohima, october 7 (mexN): The general body meeting of the Nagaland Directorate Ministerial Service Association (NDMSA) will be held on October 13 at 1:00 PM at the Conference hall, Red Cross Building Kohima. The meeting will deliberate on the outcome of the recent cadre review committee recommendation besides other important issues of the Association. All the members have been requested to take serious note of the meeting and participate without fail. Directorates/members from Dimapur unit are also requested to represent in the meeting. Those directorates failing to represent shall be viewed very seriously and action shall be taken as per the decision of the general body. Further, all the directorates have been requested to come along with the annual membership fee collections. This was stated Phek Deputy Commissioner Murohu Chotso, PHED EE Er. T. Imtiakum, Swachh Bharat Mission brand ambassador Vizopal in a release issued by NDMSA president L. Tali Imsong and general secretary M. Renthungo Tungoe. Chaya and others during the launching programme of nation-wide sanitation campaign in Phek on October 3.

Citizens invited to participate in Kohima smart city plan

Kohima, october 7 (mexN): All citizens and stakeholders of Kohima town have been invited to participate in the Kohima smart city mission plan formulation process by logging to Mygov.in website and contribute their visions, goals, proposals and suggestions. The platform aims to enable maximum opportunity for young and old, to voice out citizen’s aspirations towards sustainable, decent and liveable future for Kohima smart city. The innovative, actionable and creative ideas shall be incorporated in the Kohima smart city plan.

Praise and worship crusade in Kohima

This was stated in a release issued by municipal affairs secretary Maongwati Aier, IAS and Directorate of Municipal Affairs HoD Dr. Toshimanen Ozukum. Earlier, the Kohima Municipal Council (KMC) has re-scheduled the ward consultation meeting on Kohima Smart City as; October 10 for Ward No 13 & 14 (7:00 AM and 5:00 PM respectively), October 11- Ward- No 15 (2:00 PM), October 12 for Ward No. 16 & 17 ((7:00 AM and 5:00 PM respectively) and October 13 for Ward No 18 & 19 (7:00 AM and 5:00 PM respectively).

Kohima, october 7 (mexN): The Focus India Trust will be organizing a Gospel praise and worship crusade on October 21 and 22 at the Kohima Local Ground. Renowned speakers from Chennai namely Rev. Glen Cunningham of Holy Trinity Ministries and Pastor T D Lazar, Senior Pastor, Indian Apostolic Mission Church, Chennai will be speaking at the Crusade. Praise and Worship will be lead by local bands and special songs will be presented by local artists. Prayers will also be offered for healing and deliverance. An orientation will also be held on October 21 from 9 am to 10 am.

HIAAK to organise residential national seminar

Kohima, october 7 (mexN): The Haggai Institute Alumni Association Kohima (HIAAK) is organising five day residential National Seminar from November 25 to 29 at Hotel Millennium, Kohima. The programme is to equip Christians who are in a position of leadership and influence in the country to transform the nation with the love of Jesus Christ. Christian leaders in business, government, ministry, education etc. can register for the programme either by registering online or by contacting the coordination team. The programme offers a unique

blend of credential faculty presenting culturally relevant curriculum through highly interactive and effective facilitation process/practices in the fields of effective communication, leadership, goal settings, planning techniques, evangelism etc. The last date for registration is October 15. The website for online registration is http://www.haggai-india.com/RegisterOnline.html Coordination team: Er. Vitoshe K Rochill- 9436002420, Dr. Joyce Angami- 9436011068, Nipusilie Angami9436609367 and Er. Imsanenla Imchen9774095522.

Nyamito Wangsha of Konjong HSS Mon and Hotoshe Sema of GHS Suruhuto won the Global Teacher Role Model Award 2015. This prestigious award was given in Global Teachers Conference held at Mumbai on World Teachers Day, October 5.

Swachh Bharat Mission Mkg review meeting held

moKoKchuNg, october 7 (mexN): Members of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Mokokchung held a review meeting today at Longkumer Kilem to assess the progress of the mission in Mokokchung thus far as well as to frame further course of action for the successful implementation of the mission. The meeting was chaired by the chairman of SBM Mokokchung, M. Bendangnukshi Longkumer and was held in the presence of the Brand Ambassador of SBM for Mokokchung and Mon, S. Supongmeren Jamir. While reviewing the mission’s progress in Mokokchung, the members found the progress to be satisfactory but it was also observed that the ‘Swachh’ activities need-

Members of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Mokokchung during the review meeting held at Longkumer Kilem on October 7.

ed to be streamlined and implemented in a coordinated manner. It was also discussed that locally relevant programmes may be framed to complement the implementation of the mission. Finding a solution for solid waste management in Mokokchung was also discussed at length. The meeting also resolved to request the Ao

Senden to observe a ‘one day cleanliness drive’ in the whole of Mokokchung district including all villages, compounds, blocks and towns on a day of its choice but at the earliest. The meeting also resolved to undertake IEC (information, education, communication) initiatives to further the objectives of the mission. It was also

decided that the mission would engage proactively with the ‘Mokokchung town 125 years’ programme as part of IEC initiative. Further, the Brand Ambassador entrusted the ‘district ambassadors’ to find ways and means to mobilize resources at the district level to complement the mission. Later, after the meeting,

the Brand Ambassador met the deputy commissioner of Mokokchung and heads of PHED and Urban Development departments of Mokokchung in relation to the SBM. This was stated in a press release issued by Swachh Bharat Mission, Mokokchung Information Secretary, Limalenden Longkumer.



Mini auditorium dedicated at Satakha ZuNheboto, october 7 (mexN): A mini auditorium was dedicated at Satakha town on October 5 by Deputy Commissioner, Zunheboto, Temsu Longkumer. The DC lauded the efforts of Commandant, 111 BSF Battalion, Satakha, YM Upadhyay in renovating and the hall, and urged the general public to change the mentality and attitudes towards community assets and have sense of belonging and civic sense. Short speeches were also delivered by Commandant, 111 BSF Bn, YM Upadhyay, President STH, Kahuli and president, SASCA, Ghokuto. Earlier, welcome address was delivered by ADC, Satakha, Athrila, while vote of thanks was said by president, Satakha Range Students Union, Khetoi. The program was chaired by EAC, Satoi, Nockpai Konyak.


ThursDAY 08•10•2015




Want separate union ministry for Manipur hills civil bodies to meet central leaders over bills mountain states: Arunachal CM Morung Express News

Itanagar, OctOber 7 (IanS): Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Nabam Tuki on Wednesday called for the creation of a separate union ministry for India's mountain states, and lamented the Centre's move to do away with the special category status states. "Due to geographical and historical reasons, the resources of the mountains, both natural and human, are either underutilised or ill-utilised," Tuki said while inaugurating the fourth edition of the Sustainable Mountain Development Summit (SMDS) here. "Therefore, policy decisions to protect and sustainably harness these resources must be put in place. The role of the union government is paramount in providing an umbrella for all the mountain states, preferably in the form of a separate ministry," he said. The chief minister lamented the central govern-

ment's decision to do away with the tag of special category states. "Issues and challenges emerging from two very important policy changes -- replacement of Planning Commission with NITI Aayog and recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission -- need to be discussed and over-viewed specifically with regard to the mountain states," Tuki said. "I may point out, the major fallout is the doing away with the tag of the special category states which have been a late starter in the development journey and the stoppage of the block grants in the form of NCA (normal central assistance), SPA (special plan assistance) and SCA (special central assistance). "This has its direct impact on the special category states, most of which are mountain states." Sponsored by the Integrated Mountain Initiative (IMI) and GLOBE

North eAst Briefs

3 CPM leaders remanded to custody agartala, OctOber 7 (PtI): Three leaders of the ruling CPI-M in Tripura have been remanded to 14 days judicial custody in a case of contempt of court. Tapas Dutta, secretary of the party's Belonia sub division, Trilokesh Sinha and Babul Chandra Nath, secretariat members of sub-divisional committee of CPI-M, surrendered before the court of Belonia Chief Judicial Magistrate Asit Debnath yesterday after which they were remanded to judicial custody. District and Session Judge of Belonia, Ruhidas Paul had filed a case against them that they had allegedly humiliated him and also ransacked the court on September 2 last, the day of opposition-sponsored Bharat bandh. Later, Chief Justice of Tripura High Court Deepak Gupta had visited the place and registered a suo moto case of contempt of court. The three leaders had filed a petition for anticipatory bail in the High Court which was rejected and surrendered before the CJM's court yesterday.

Heroin seized, two women nabbed aIzawl, OctOber 7 (PtI): Supply Reduction Service (SRS), the anti-narcotic squad, constituted by the central committee of the Young Mizo Association (YMA) seized 93 grams of heroin in two places in the capital Aizawl city and two women have been nabbed in this connection. General secretary of the central committee of the YMA Vanlalruata said that 65 grams of heroin was seized from Hunthar locality and a person identified as Laldinpuii (30) was detained for reported possession of the contraband. In another seizure, 28 grams of heroin was seized from Zuangtui locality where another person identified as Hmingthanliani (45) was nabbed. The contraband worth around Rupees four lakh and the two women were handed over to the state Excise and Narcotics Department officials.

Railways collect Rs.13.65 crore from ticketless travellers in north-east agartala, OctOber 7 (IanS): Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) officials registered 200,470 cases for travelling without a ticket or with an irregular ticket and realised Rs.13.65 crore in fines from April to August, an official said here on Wednesday. "NFR officials registered 200,470 cases of travel without tickets or irregular ticket passengers. A fine of Rs.13.65 crore was realised from these passengers," NFR's chief public relations officer Pranav Jyoti Sharma said. "To discourage ticketless travel, the NFR has put systems in place whereby surprise checks are conducted by flying squads," he said. Fortress checks are also conducted in stations. Another NFR official said while ticketless travel were very negligible earlier it has increased in recent years and the NFR stepped up surprise checks by flying squads and other railway officials.

UNLF cadre arrested DImaPur, OctOber 7 (mexn): One UNLF cadre was arrested from happy valley area of Imphal on October 6 after a joint operation by troops of the 16 Assam Rifles of 10 Sector Assam Rifles under the aegis of HQ IGAR (South) and Imphal East Police Commandos. An AR press note identified the cadre as SS Pvt N Md Ribiyul alias Salim (23), a resident of Pangaltabi village under Imphal East district. He was later been handed over to the Sagolmang Police Station. The 41 Assam Rifles of 10 Sector Assam Rifles and 20 Assam Rifles of 26 Sector Assam Rifles under the aegis of HQ IGAR (South), meanwhile, recovered one AK 47 Rifle, 1 Magazine and 30 live rounds after an operation was launched based on specific input about the presence of weapon cache in the general area West of Unapal on October 6.

15 Assam Govt website Hacked guwahatI, OctOber 10 (PtI): The security wall of around 15 websites of various government departments, including Assam Police, have been breached and their home pages defaced by unknown hackers. "Around 10-15 government websites have been hacked and the home pages were defaced. All sites were hosted by NIC," Additional Director General of Police (CID) Mukesh Sahay said. The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is currently conducting a technical inquiry into the breach as it may be due to various reasons, he said. The NIC has not lodged any official complaint yet with the police and was repairing the websites, he added. Some of the important sites that were hit in recent days were of the Assam Police, Sarba Siksha Abhijan Mission and Directorate of Elementary Education.

(Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment) India, this edition of the SMDS, the fourth since 2011, is being hosted by the Sustainable Mountain Development Forum Arunachal Pradesh (SMDFA). The IMI is a collective initiative for recognising the value of mountain regions and enabling people to realise its potential by integrating the knowledge and experiences of the multiple stakeholders. Tuki also emphasised on the crucial role played by the Himalayas in cooling down of Earth. "The Himalayas are the basic reason for the monsoon that has made the Indian peninsula one of the greatest and richest agricultural area in the world sustaining one-seventh of the human population," he said. He, however, regretted the fact that the mountains and its people faced a fragile relation with the ma-

jority of the people. "The mountain people, comprising about 50 million, who are the custodians of the mountains, live a marginalised life in the remote and inaccessible world devoid of all the luxuries of modern development and progress," the chief minister said. "Their plight hardly comes within the radar of policy makers, who mostly have their attention on the never ending problems of the teeming millions in the plains, who are, in fact, sustained by the mountains." Tuki said mountain people of India were poorly represented in parliament. "We have only 47 members in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha from the total of about 790 members," he said. Lok Sabha member from Sikkim and IMI councillor P.D. Rai lamented that the country's mountain states were falling behind on every human de-

velopment indicator. "The ground level credit (GLC) for the eight northeastern states is only half a percent, which is seven times lower than the national average. If the three other mountain states are added, then the GLC for these 11 states is still only 1.8 percent," he said. According to NITI Aayog member Ramesh Chand, mountain ecology was important for the global ecosystem. Stating that the future of the mountains was not different from that of the plains, he said: "Please bring people from the plains to such summits and sensitise them to the problems of the mountain people." This year's SMDS, a three-day event, is seeing the participation of 235 delegates from outside Arunachal Pradesh. Twenty legislators are representing the 12 other mountain states. There are also representatives from Bhutan and Nepal.

Final argument in case against Irom Sharmila from December 15 new DelhI, OctOber 7 (IanS): A court here on Wednesday fixed December 15 to hear final arguments in the case against civil rights activist Irom Sharmila, accused of a suicide bid during her fastunto-death protest in 2006. Metropolitan Magistrate Akash Jain set December 15 to hear final arguments in the case after concluding recording of the defence witness's statement in the case. Babloo Loitongbam, a Manipur-based human right activist, was exam-

ined as the defence witness in the case. He said that her fast was not an attempt to commit suicide but it was a fast demanding to repeal Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in Manipur. Sharmila has been on a fast for about 15 years, seeking repeal of the AFSPA.

The court on March 4, 2013, framed charges against her for attempting to commit suicide in Delhi, and put her on trial after she refused to plead guilty of the offence. Sharmila denied having attempted suicide while fasting at Jantar Mantar in Delhi. The court on June 6 concluded the recording of statements of prosecution witnesses in the case. While recording her statement as an accused in the case, Sharmila on Tuesday claimed she was being implicated in a false and fabricated case.

Nido Tania death case: Minors released on a year's probation new DelhI, OctOber 7 (IanS): The Juvenile Justice Board here on Wednesday released two minor offenders on probation for a year in the case of the attack on 19-year-old Arunachal Pradesh student Nido Tania that led to his death. The board released the two minors on probation and asked them to pay a fine of Rs.10,000 each after convicting them under various charges dealing with culpable homicide not amounting to murder, wrongfully restraining and common intention. During the probation period, the board will monitor their conduct. Vishesh Raghav, the defence counsel of the minors, said he requested the board to release his clients on probation as they were not involved in any other criminal offence. The charge sheet filed by the Central

Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in May 2014 named seven people, including three minors, for culpable homicide not amounting to murder. Four adults are being tried in the trial court while one minor is on the run. Nido Tania died in a hospital on January 30, 2014, a day after being beaten up by shopkeepers in south Delhi's Lajpat Nagar area following an argument over his appearance and clothing. After a detailed investigation, the CBI concluded that seven people -- Farhan, Pawan, Sundar and Sunny Uppal and three juveniles -- were involved in the assault. The case was transferred to the CBI for further investigation after the victim's parents met then home minister Sushilkumar Shinde and Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi, demanding speedy justice.



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A 10-member delegation of the All Tribal Students’ Union Manipur (ATSUM) and the Joint Action Committee (JAC) Churachandpur today reached New Delhi in connection with the three bills passed by the Manipur Legislative Assembly. The bills—the Protection of the Manipur Peoples Bill, 2015 (PMP), the Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms (Seventh Amendment) Bill, 2015 (MLRLR) and the Manipur Shops and Establishment (Second Amendment) Bill, 2015— were passed on August 31 by the Manipur Legislative Assembly and sent to the President of India for due assent on September 21. No consultations were done with the hill people of the State before passing or even drafting the bills.

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leaders will meet the Manipur Tribal Forum Delhi (MTFD) with whom they will coordinate efforts to hold talks with central leaders. The MTFD was formed on September 1 this year as a result of the “unconstitutional” passing of the three bills that brought the Manipur tribals together not just at home but also in various metropolitan cities in the Indian Union. The “people’s movement” against the three bills will be organised at an all Manipur hills level once the ATSUM and JAC Churachandpur leaders are back from New Delhi so that the protests are not confined to Churachandpur alone. “A coordinated protest action will take place—we will motivate the other districts to join the protests that began in Churachandpur through tribe apex bodies,” stated another leader from the delegation.

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OFFICE OF THE DIMAPUR DIBUIATSUR TELONGJEM ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We the Dimapur Dibuiatsur Telongjem has organized a one day seminar for the parents of the community on the topic “Parenting in the Age of Social Media” on 2nd October 2015 at Discipleship Bible College, Signal Angami Dimapur. We express our heartiest gratitude and appreciation to the Principal, Discipleship Bible College, to the resource persons Mr. Senka Yaden (Vice Principal, St. John College Dimapur) and Mrs. Imtijungla Longchar and to all the well wishers for your contributions towards the success of the seminar programme. Sd/Tiakala LKR President, DDT

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The ATSUM and JAC leaders hope to meet top central leaders during their stay in New Delhi, including the President, Prime Minister, Home Minister, as well as Congress party leaders like Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi. “We will apprise the central leaders of the situation back home,” said JAC Churachandpur Chief Convenor, H Mangchinkhup, while talking to The Morung Express. In Churachandpur, the scenario remains “tense and fragile” as the nine bodies of youth shot dead by the Manipur police between August 31 and September 7 continue to remain at the morgue of the district hospital. “No funeral will be held till the central government assures some protection to the hill people of Manipur,” said the JAC convenor. The Manipur based

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Risking backlash, Modi to push power price hikes NEW DELHI, OctObEr 7 (rEutErs): Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to tell states to raise electricity prices in return for access to a financial bailout package, a politically contentious move that risks a backlash from farmers and consumers long used to free or cheap power. Modi has made overhauling India’s largely loss-making utilities, buckling under $66 billion of debts, a priority, convinced that if he can fix their finances he will recover his reputation as an economic reformer willing to take tough decisions. State-run electricity distributors are running

out of cash and struggling to repay loans, squeezing banks’ ability to spur credit growth and undermining Modi’s campaign to attract more energy-hungry manufacturers to build new factories. Under a rescue package that could go to the cabinet for approval as early as this week, states will be told they must work with local regulators and utilities to raise tariffs that have been kept artificially low, a senior government source with direct knowledge of the plan told Reuters. In return for raising prices, the eight worst affected states will be allowed to absorb up to 75 percent of the debt on the

distributors’ books depending on their fiscal position, the source said, requesting anonymity because the plan is not yet public. After cabinet approval, states will need to strike agreements with distributors and the power ministry, the government source said. The source added that it will not be easy and that each deal will need to be tailored individually, with varying tariff rises and performance targets. SENSITIVE SUBJECT In India, the price of power is a sensitive subject and generally decided by individual state regulators. New Delhi’s past

attempts at instigating reform, including a 2012 rescue plan under Modi’s predecessor, have largely failed. Many Indians view free or cheap power as a right. Politicians appeal to key groups of voters like farmers or the poor by keeping prices low and ignoring theft, prompting scepticism about whether states will agree to any package that forces tariff hikes. “There are two things that states completely avoid: raising tariffs for farmers and privatisation. These are hugely political,” said Debasish Mishra, a power expert at Deloitte. “The political parties know what sells and what will

keep them in power.” Recent attempts at raising tariffs have proven politically difficult. Rajasthan state, whose utilities owe $9 billion, this year postponed an attempt to hike prices after huge opposition from its powerful farming community. But Modi successfully overhauled the power sector as chief minister in Gujarat in the mid-2000s. He saw off opposition to metering farmers and clamping down on consumer theft, and the state now enjoys reliable power supplies that the majority pay for, with low levels of theft. By linking price rises to reduced debt, the government hopes to give utilities the financial space

to purchase more power and end blackouts, and to avoid future losses by ensuring they sell electricity at or above cost. Deloitte’s Mishra said the government was likely to have more success in states ruled by Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party. S.K. Agarwal, finance director at Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation, serving a largely rural state ruled by a regional party, said he was still awaiting details of the plan, but since only the local government could decide tariffs it would object to any proposal imposed by New Delhi. He has previously said the utility had no plans to raise prices.

SC refuses to modify its order on Aadhaar card NEW DELHI, OctObEr 7 (PtI): The Centre on Tuesday failed to get any relief on Aadhaar card being made compulsory for availing social benefits, particularly gas cylinder subsidies, from the Supreme Court which turned down its plea to modify its interim order that no person be deprived of any schemes for want of Aadhaar. A batch of top government lawyers including attorney general G E Vahanvati and solicitor general Mohan Parasaran tried their best to convince the court to modify its order, saying that it would severely affect grant of gas subsidies and the entire distribution system in 97 districts would come to a standstill. However a bench of justices B S Chauhan and S A Bobde said it would pass the order after getting the response of the petitioners on the application moved by the Centre. The bench in its interim order had said that the Aadhaar card be not made mandatory for people for availing any government services and nobody should be deprived of any such facilities for the want of the card. The bench however agreed to give an urgent hearing on a bunch of petitions

challenging the legal status of Aadhaar card being issued by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). Observing that the prevailing situation is a “double edged problem”, the bench said that no order can be passed without hearing the parties who challenged the Aadhaar and posted the case for final hearing after Dussehra vacation. Pushing hard to convince the bench, the AG submitted that the apex court interim order would have serious implications and thousands of people who are given gas cylinder subsidies would be affected. “Aadhaar is the only fool proof mechanism to check misuse of subsidies. People won’t get gas cylinder subsidies. 76 per cent consumers are registered under the Aadhaar and they will be affected,” the AG submitted. Additional solicitor general L Nageshwar Rao, appearing for oil PSU, also pleaded for modification of order, saying that distribution system would come to a grinding halt and we cannot get back to the old system. SC agrees to give an urgent hearing to Centre on the issue but refuses to modify its earlier order on Aadhaar card.

game Number # 3369








service may be intimated to the employee concerned, and simultaneously appropriate action for ensuring verification of missing spells may be taken by the Head of Office,” it said in a directive to all ministries. The government servant concerned may also be informed of deficiencies and gaps as regards missing entries relating to verification of service and the period thereof, the order said. In order to preclude and cut down on delays in payment of retiral benefits to government servants retiring of superannuation, the ministries may consider annual service verification and inti-


mation to every officer regarding service verification status so that any lapse is timely ascertained and corrective action taken. “The exercise of annual verification be monitored by every ministry, department or cadre controlling authority on a quarterly basis,” it said. There are about 50 lakh central government employees. All ministries are requested to issue suitable instructions to all Heads of Offices, and Pay and Accounts Offices for strict compliance of the instructions so as to preclude any delays in disbursement of retiral benefits of government servants, the directive said.



Answer Number # 3368



NEW DELHI, OctObEr 7 (PtI): All central government departments have been asked to verify employees’ service record annually and inform them of any deficiencies thereof in order to check delay in processing their pension. With the objective of eliminating delays in processing of cases of retiring government servants, the Personnel Ministry has asked the departments to immediately undertake an exercise to ensure completion of the entries of service verification and conclude within a defined time-frame. “Any gap in the verification of

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A shop vendor uses a candle during a regular load shedding in Dimapur, Nagaland on Tuesday, October 06, 2015. (Caisii Mao Photo)


















NEW DELHI, OctObEr 7 (AgENcIEs): There has been a lot of talk about crash tests being made mandatory in India and one look at the World Health Organisation (WHO) figures about accidents in India tells us why it is essential. According to WHO one person dies on Indian roads every 5 minutes, and this figure is projected to rise to one every 3 minutes by 2020. Car manufacturers have been working on bringing in safety features like ABS, EBD and airbags and manufacturers like Ford, Maruti Suzuki, Toyota and Volkswagen have made some features part of standard equipment. But clearly a lot more needs to be done. In a move aimed at making roads safer for people, the government has decided to introduce stringent safety norms under which all new cars will have to undergo mandatory crash tests from October 2017. The government will also give manufacturers a chance to upgrade their cars to suit these norms and the deadline for that is October 2018. The new minimum safety norms which will include ratings on frontal and side crash tests, will apply to all cars entry level, small and cheaper models. As per the new order, cars would be tested for frontal crash norms at 56 km/h, while for the side crash test, it will be at 50 km/h. According to Rajan Katoch, Secretary, Ministry of Heavy Industries the Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) has developed a comprehensive testing facility at Chakan, near Pune, to crash test the new vehicles. The new test facility will offer a range of crash tests such as full-frontal impact, side impact and offset-frontal impact. All these tests will be done under one roof and it’s the first time we’ll see these tests done in India.

Renault Kwid receives over 25,000 bookings NEW DELHI, OctObEr 7 (NDtV AutO): Renault Kwid has been quite the sensation since it was launched in India on September 24, 2015. Taking the excitement a step further, the French carmaker announced that it has already received over 25,000 bookings for the hatchback. With a starting price of Rs. 2.56 lakh, Renault says the Kwid has received an astounding response from across the country, including tier II and tier III cities. Mr Sumit Sawhney, Country CEO and Managing Director, Renault India Operations, said, “The Renault Kwid has created a huge excitement since its launch and we are thrilled with the response it has received just at the on-set of the festive season. We are witnessing remarkable footfalls in dealerships across all regions since the launch of Renault Kwid. The innovative Virtual Showroom and the Renault Kwid app have received a tremendous response across India.” With the Kwid’s deliveries set to begin next week, Renault is offering a 50,000 Km/2 years Maintenance Policy that can be extended up to 80,000 KM/4 years. Furthermore, the carmaker will also offer complementary Road Side Assistance for 2 years. Renault also claims the Kwid hatchback will offer best-inclass in maintenance part costs, thanks to the 98% localization, which will have a postive impact on the car’s overall cost of ownership. Besides the competitive pricing, the other thing that goes in Kwid’s favour is its SUV-like appearance, several class-leading features such as 300-litre boot space, 180mm ground clearance, and a 4.1-inch touch-screen infotainment system among others.

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ThursDAY 08•10•2015



DDTOWTU furnish details on illegal tax by police at check gates Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): In a telling revelation, Dimapur District Truck Owners Welfare Trade Union (DDTDWTU) on Wednesday provided details on the alleged illegal tax collection carried out by the law enforcing agency on truckers at various locations/check gates under different pretexts. The DDTDWTU in a press statement demanded that such activities be stopped immediately and the erring law enforcing personnel be arrested and necessary disciplinary action be initiated against them under relevant sections of the law. The union alleged that this practice of illegal taxation by police is being carried out against the truckers under the eyes of the controlling officer. It therefore said both the erring personnel manning the check gates and the controlling offi-

cers were equally liable. The union also condemned the arrest and detention of its president and bonafide members by the police without any justification, which it contended, was in violation of their basic rights since they were acting under the mandate of the union and for general welfare of the truck drivers. It also asserted that the bandh called by the union was in exercise of democratic rights to show solidarity towards their members arrested by the police. Meanwhile, the union informed that it has unanimously resolved to stop all movement of trucks of its members with effect from October 8 onwards until and unless the concerned authority take immediate steps to stop all form of multiple illegal tax collection from the different check gates.

Details furnished by DDTDWTU of illegal tax collected by police at various check gates 1) Chumukedima gate Forest check gate: Rs 150 Police check gate: Rs 500 for 6 wheeler truck Excise check gate: Rs 700 for 10 wheeler trucks/ Rs 100 for 6 wheeler trucks 2) Lalmati Police check gate: Rs 500 3) Phesama Police check gate: Rs 300 4) Khuzama Police check gate: Rs 300 by North Police Rs 500 for 6 wheeler trucks Rs 700 for 10 wheeler trucks Excise: Rs 200 5) Golaghat road check gate Police: Rs 100 on 6 wheeler trucks/Rs 500 on 10 wheeler trucks Excise: Rs 50 on 6 wheelers/Rs 100 on 10 wheelers 6) Dillai gate Police: Rs 100 on 6 wheeler trucks/Rs 500 on 10 wheeler trucks

NVCO condemns chakka bandh; calls it violation of government's standing order State govt has banned cash/ tax collection in check-gates or any part of highways KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): The Nagaland Voluntary Consumers’ Organisation (NVCO) today condemned the 24-hour chakka bandh called by the Dimapur District Truck Drivers Welfare Trade Union (DDTDWTU) on October 7, stating the bandh violates the State government’s standing orders banning collection of cash/ taxes in check-gates or in any part of highways. “Citizen calls bandh or other protest to ensure their legal rights entitled to them, but this bandh is not simply unauthorized but committing a serious crime at the cost of public inconveniences,” stated a release from Press & Media Cell, NVCO, which added the general public/ consumers cannot tolerate this kind of harassment in a democratic state. Meanwhile, the NVCO expressed support and appreciation to the Dimapur Police for arresting DDTDWTU members who were stopping

trucks along the highway and forcibly collecting membership fee. The DDTDWTU’s chakka bandh was in protest against this arrest. Earlier, NVCO said, similar union had approached the Gauhati High Court in challenging the state government’s orders in stopping them to collect taxes or cash or money in any form. However, in a Judgement & Order dated 03.06.2014, the High Court had dismissed all the Writ Petitions filed by several unions/ associations/ organisations/ federations, mostly Dimapur district based, and disallowed them to collect taxes or cash or money on the highways or markets places, it added. The organization asserted it has been fighting against illegal collection of cash at the check-gates for the last several years. Further, it recounted that on September 4, while the NVCO team was travelling to Dimapur they came across school students in uniform innocently stopping vehicles on national highway (Kohima-Dimapur) and selling Teachers’ Day badge. The NVCO team requested the students

Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): As Tir Yimyim completes 12 years of publication on October 8, the editor and publisher of the newspaper, K Temjen Jamir has thanked God for his protection and wisdom granted upon them since its inception. In a release, Temjen recollected that 12 years ago, Tir Yimyim was launched as six days a week tabloid size 6 pages daily with much difficulties for want of manpower and resources. “Today, I am pleased to share the joy of having a seven days a week 10 page vernacular daily, which is one of the largest circulation local dailies in Nagaland,” he stated. He further thanked his colleagues, media friends and above all the esteemed readers, “without whose support and cooperation, the success of Tir Yimyim would never have been possible.” He assured timely and impartial reporting and better coverage to all the well wishers and readers and further appealed for continuous support and encouragement.

NAYO urges authorities to arrest vehicle thieves

Witoubou Newmai (second from right), Editor of Eastern Mirror, speaking at India-Myanmar Relations, a seminar held at Abdul Nazir Sab Hall, Institute of Social Sciences in New Delhi recently. The seminar was jointly organised by Germany based Heinrich Boll Foundation, Burma Centre Delhi, and Institute of Social Sciences Delhi. Also seen in the picture are (From left) Nava Thakuria, a noted journalist, Rajkumar Bobichand, Director of Change and KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): The Northern AnPeacebuilding Action, Dr Ash Narain Roy, Director of Institute of Social Sciences, and Khin Maung Win, Founder of gami Youth Organisation (NAYO) has urged the agenDemocratic Voice Burma based in Yangon. cies concerned to give more efforts towards the men-

Simplifying data collection for health professionals Kohima Police arrest 2 KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): With an objective to minimize and simplify data collection and compilation by using technology for better growth and development, directorate of health & family welfare held training on implementation of TMIS in Nagaland at the directorate on October 7. The training was held to decrease manual work and support the State, said Dr. NK. Dhamija Dy. Commissioner (Training) & Central Team leader. He also commented that despite the poor road connectivity and communication in Nagaland, the department is doing good. M Patton, Commissioner & Secretary, H&FW said that by implementing Training Management Information System (TMIS)

Mon wins best district hospital award KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): With a score of 80%, Mon District Hospital has been declared the best district hospital in Nagaland under Kayakalp, an initiative for awards to public health facilities that demonstrate high levels of cleanliness, hygiene and infection control. The award carries a cash prize of Rs. 50 lakh. Meanwhile, IMDH Mokokchung won the Commendation Certificate, which carries Rs. 3 lakh, with a score of 71.2%. A press release from IEC Bureau, directorate of health & family welfare informed that the hospitals were scored based on the performance of the facility on the following parameters: Hospital/ facility upkeep, Sanitation and Hygiene, Waste management, Infection Control, Support Services, Hygiene Promotion. The Department of Health & Family Welfare has thanked all the district hospitals for participating in the Kayakalp activity. for health professionals in the State, all officials will be efficiently updated and informed. He also said that TMIS is one of the aspects of modern day administra-

tion and that this training in one aspect is empowerment which will impart the needful knowledge and skill to be more efficient in “our” duties. He exhorted

all the officers to think as leaders in their own respective jurisdiction and to learn and re-educate the officials in the districts too. Dr. Nandira Changkija, Principal Director, highlighted on the challenges, issues and concerns of the poor road connectivity and communication faced in the State in her welcome address. Dr. NM Kithan Director (H) chaired the inaugural function and vote of thanks was delivered by Dr. Watikala, Director (FW). The training was held with a 4-member resource team from Government of India: Dr. NK Dhamija, Dy. Commissioner (Training), Bishal Srinivastava, Progamme Officer (IT), Ngaiyu John, Consultant (NIHFW), and Nikhil Naskar, Consultant.

KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): Kohima Police manning the interstate check gate at Khuzama arrested two drivers for failing to produce valid vehicle documents and tampering engine and chassis number on October 6 night. The vehicles of the two accused (Boleros bearing registration no. AS-01BB-2587 and MN01X-1859) were intercepted by the police on suspicion, a press release from PRO, Kohima Police informed. Both the vehicles were thoroughly checked and their documents were examined. In the process, the engine and chassis no. of the Bolero B/R MN-01X-1859 was found to be tampered while the driver of the Bolero B/R AS-01BB-2587 failed to produce valid vehicle documents, the release stated. In this connection, both the drivers identified as Anil Kumar Gupta (23) and Khrishna Sah (28) were taken into police custody and a regular case vide Khuzama P.S Case No. 0042/2015 U/S 379 IPC was registered against them for conducting further investigation, the release added.

Lost & Found One Silver SBI ATM card belonging to Science College Jotsoma bearing card No.4591 5100 1960 9788 was found at Kohima town on October 7 by the traffic personnel. Rightful owner has been asked to contact and collect the ATM card from SDPO Kohima during office hours.

NPF Phek division mourns member's death Village council condemns Army raid KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): The NPF, Phek division has mourned the sudden demise of one of its senior most members Chekhwuphuyi Kezo, head GB of Thenyizumi village on October 6. The division stated that apart from being a steadfast, commit-

not to stop any vehicle on the highway and told them selling badges in this manner is wrong and illegal, the release said. Another incident happened on the night of September 29 when the NVCO team was returning to Kohima from Dimapur. Several trucks were stranded on every check-gate and in one of the check-gates maintained by Nagaland Police near Kohima, more than 30 trucks were stranded. The team, according to the release, found out that the police were taking cash/ money from truck drivers/handymen and no police on duty were checking any vehicle stopped at the check-gates. Considering that police on duty normally defend themselves that it was the truckers who brought money to their counter, the NVCO team “shouted” at the truck drivers/ handymen and ordered them not to pay cash/money at any check-gate or highway, the release stated. The team also rebuked the police for their action despite government’s standing orders prohibiting them to collect or take any money/cash at the checkgates, it added.

Tir Yimyim completes 12 yrs

PWD colony expels Box Cutting killing accused KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): Four of the nine accused in the killing of a youth at Box Cutting area here on September 23, who are residents of PWD Colony, have been expelled from the colony indefinitely. The decision was made during the meeting of the PWD Colony Panchayat executives along with its sector councils and the youth organization on September 26 at the panchayat hall. The house resolved that the four accused will not be allowed to come back and reside in the colony even after their release after serving their sentences, according to a press release issued by Teisozhavi Tetso, President PWD Youth Organisation and Neibulie Kiewhuo, Chairman, PWD Colony Panchayat. Considering that the killing committed by the accused was without the knowledge of the family members, the house exempted the family members from expulsion with the condition that at any point of time, if the family members of the accused provided shelter to any one of the accused within the jurisdiction of PWD colony, the whole family members will be expelled from the colony immediately, the release stated. The meeting also condemned the crime committed and since the accused are in police custody, it agreed to let the law take its own course of action and urge the judiciary to award stringent punishment to the accused.


ted and loyal party worker till his last breath, he shouldered various responsibilities such as village council chairman, vice president, Chokri Area GB Association, etc. “His demise is a great loss not only to the Thenyizumis but also to the Chokri area, the 18th

Chozuba A/C and to the Phek Division NPF and has created a vacuum which will be almost impossible to fill,” a condolence message received here stated. The division shared its solidarity with the bereaved family and offered deepest condolence.

Mokokchung Town Lanur Telongjem (MLTL) members with Lotha leaders at Doyang bridge on October 7. As a mark of expressing solidarity to the bandh called by the Lotha and Rengma communities on NH–2, the MTLT officials and Mokokchung youths travelled till the Doyang bridge and interacted with the bandh enforcers. The MTLT has appealed to the state government to listen to the cry of the people for better roads, and repair the highway at the earliest. (Photo/ Media Cell, MTLT)

Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): The Tenyiphe-I Village Council has denounced the action of the Indian Army, particularly the Assam Rifles, in raiding the houses and harassing the denizens of the village during midnights and wee hours. In a press release, the council informed that the house of James Chara, a used cars dealer, at Tenyiphe-I ‘C' Khel was raided by troop of 37 Assam rifles on October 4 and the family members, including minor children, were harassed for hours. The Army came knocking at the door of James Chara at 4:00 am and started ransacking the whole house after waking everybody in the house, stated the release. “After hours of thorough upturning of the whole house and subjecting the inmates of the house to physical and mental torture, they could not find any incrementing article in the house and therefore James Chara was forcibly made to sign on a paper declaring that no one was harassed in the process,” it added

The Council said it is always working for maintenance of peaceful and tranquil atmosphere in the village, and the council is ready to assist the law enforcing agency in tackling any anti-social activities in the village. However, it asserted, harassing and causing undue fear psychosis to the innocent villagers by conducting house raids at odd hours, without properly ascertaining the information and its source is most unacceptable and undesired. It affirmed that the Village Council will always oppose and condemn any act of breaching the peaceful atmosphere prevalent in the village no matter who the perpetrators are. Further, it asked the security forces to cross-check the genuineness of the information before conducting such raid. The TVC also warned that whoever is responsible for giving false information to the security forces leading to disturbance and harassment of innocent villagers will be dealt with severely as and when his/her “notorious activity” is unearthed.

ace of vehicle thefts. A press note issued by Peter Rutsa, President and Rükravolie Rülho, Press Secretary has informed that “quite a number of vehicle thieves are looming in and around pockets of Kohima.” Therefore, it has appealed to the law enforcing agencies to make efforts towards the identification and arrest of vehicle robbers in Kohima. Meanwhile, NAYO lauded the law enforcing agency under the SP Kohima for their diligent and zealous effort in detecting ILP defaulters.

Filling up DCF for UDISE KOhima, OctOber 7 (mexN): The date of filling up Data Capture Format (DCF) for UDISE on the spot in Kohima district is scheduled EBRC wise as follows: October 9 - EBRC Sechü Zubza; October 12 - EBRC Tseminyu; October 13 - EBRC Chiephobozou; October 14 - EBRC Viswema; October 15 - EBRC L Khel (all government schools); and October 16 - EBRC L Khel (all private schools). A press note issued by Lithorngla Tongpi, Additional Deputy Commissioner, Kohima stated that the respective EBRCs are to scrutinize and verify UDISE filled up format for accurate data and submit to DMA on November 3 and Aadhaar (Students Profile) in both hard and soft copy on November 10 for onward submission of the State Mission Authority, SSA Nagaland. All government, private, central schools and colleges have been informed to cooperate and extend all logistic support by filing up the said formats correctly and submit at the stipulated time positively. Failing which, the school/college concerned shall be treated as noncooperative and appropriate action will be taken against them, the release said.

SP Mon visits ward affected by landslide mON, OctOber 7 (Dipr): Superintendent of Police, Mon, Yangba Konyak along with SDPO, Mon, Tia visited Tanlao ward and presented cash relief to the families and Edith Douglas School, Mon affected by landslide and land sinking. The SP handed over the relief to the ward president and the principal of Edith Douglas School respectively at old Edith Douglas School compound on October 7. In his short speech, Yangba lauded the unity, support and cooperation of the colony people exhibited in times of such tragedy, especially for not hampering the regular classes of the Edith Douglas School despite complete damage of the school building. He also appreciated the ward leaders for smoothly handling the management of the situation without reporting any human causality despite lost of huge properties. He advised the people to continue to keep the spirit of oneness and also to utilize the contribution judiciously to meet their basic needs. The ward chairman also explained how landslide and sinking has affected the colony compelling many families to evacuate. He requested the SP to disseminate the suffering of the colony to the authority and suggested for complete shifting of the colony with the assistance of the government. He also appreciated the District Administration and DEF, Mon for their relief, support and concern to the people of the ward in such disaster.

ThursDAY 08•10•2015




The Power of Truth

The Morung Express X issue 275X issue 185 Thursday 9volume July 2015 volume By aheli moitra

The path of protest


Jim Wallis Sojourners

When a Visitor Changes Your Home


n early 2012, I visited the house of a powerful Member of the Manipur Legislative Assembly in Churachandpur town (Lamka). The elections were to begin soon and throngs of people waited to meet the MLA who had held office for many years already through a national party ticket. The house was much like a palace, if one could call it so, adjoining a small memorial park for a lost beloved. There was nothing elegant about any of it. With a triangular roof bloating into a massive cubical block, its body reeked of the drain of wealth from a district where public health was missing and villages remained without electricity. Inside the mansion, flamboyant furniture and a plush life welcomed me. The king of the palace gave a short interview that said nothing much for or about the people. In late 2015, I visited the mansion once again. This time, the image was spectacular. The walls of the palace were broken, its structure a charred replica of its old self. Not a soul could be seen around the mansion which is located on one of the main roads of Lamka. People protesting the three bills, passed by the Manipur Legislative Assembly on August 31, had burned down the above mentioned MLA’s mansion. Some of these people probably included those who had once thronged the house for favour from the leader. The MLA, along with all other MLAs from the hill constituencies of Manipur State, had not spoken up for the protection of its constituency from the bills that are considered “anti tribal” as well as “unconstitutional” by the hill people of Manipur. Another MLA of Lamka faced the same fate—his house was not just burned down but after a few days broken to pieces by women armed with hammers. In Nagaland, this would be unimaginable. People have become so entrenched in favourism of their elected leaders to the State, no one has the ability to hold their elected representatives accountable. While burning down their mansions may be too dramatic a way to break down symbols of oppression, there is absolutely no direct action that has been taken against those found culpable of treachery. In Manipur, elected representatives went against the people and gave their consent to the bills that were passed within 10 minutes, without any prior consultation with the hill people. The apex organisations of all the tribes of Manipur came together on the issue to study the bills in detail, present their critique, get these published and hold the government responsible through direct action. Men, women and children— from 80 years to 5 years of age—made their protest known for a whole month sitting outside their homes every night. While the Naga movement has seen a long period of violence, there are many quarters that have expressed the need to carry on the movement in a non violent manner. For this, citizens need to become aware of their aspirations and be led by people with visions not just for a future but also a non violent path to get there—of understanding what structures are meant for empowerment and which ones need to go. Comments may be directed to moitramail@yahoo.com

lEfT wiNg |


Dengue epidemic likely to be more severe next year


major increase in cases of dengue will likely occur throughout Southeast Asian countries early next year, researchers have warned. This is because the most intense El Nino in nearly two decades is emerging in the Pacific, said the study that found that epidemics of dengue are linked to high temperatures brought by the El Nino weather phenomenon. "Dengue infects large numbers of people across the tropics each year, but incidence can vary dramatically from year to year in any setting," said senior author of the study Derek Cummings, professor at University of Florida in the US. "During years of large incidence, the number of people requiring hospitalization and care can overwhelm health systems. If we can understand the factors that contribute to these increases, we can prepare for them and act to mitigate the impact of the disease," Cummings noted. The researchers found that an increase in dengue incidence swept through most countries of Southeast Asia in 1997 and 1998 during a historically intense El Nino weather event. The dengue virus is transmitted by mosquitoes in the tropics and subtropics. Each year an estimated 390 million infections occur globally. Though there is no specific pharmaceutical treatment, supportive therapy can greatly improve outcomes. A number of vaccine candidates are in development but none are currently licensed. In addition to the finding that increased temperature results in increased incidence across the region, the study also found that urban areas act as dengue epidemic "pacemakers", giving rise to traveling waves of large epidemics moving to nearby rural areas. Cummings worked with researchers from each of the affected countries and colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh to compile 18 years of monthly dengue surveillance reports on a total of 3.5 million reported cases. The international team involved scientists from 18 institutions around the world, including the ministries of health in each study country. "Now that the new El Nino has started, these findings will help us prepare for a worst-case scenario, and immediate measures can be taken to counter its effect in the next few months," study co-author Lam Sai Kit, professor at the University of Malaya in Malaysia, pointed out. The findings appeared in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.



yanmar was one of the first countries in the world to recognise the Communist government of China at a time when we were extremely friendly with India. Better India-China relations can help Myanmar as well. Burma could help India and China overcome their problems. Why can't we help the two of them to be better friends and neighbours? Aung San Suu Kyi

Pope Francis waves from the popemobile during a parade in Philadelphia September 27, 2015. (Reuters Photo)


tunning is the word that most comes to me after Pope Francis’ two-day visit to Washington, D.C. The country and the media was reveling in his presence, using language like “amazing,” “incredible,” and “wonderful” in response to this extraordinary moral leader who literally transformed our public discourse in the 48 hours he was in the nation’s capital. What these two extraordinary days mean going forward is the big question on all our hearts and minds. At the formal welcoming ceremony on the South Lawn at the White House, a very traditional template was transformed by the “Vicar of Christ,” whose presence turned everyone’s language to one reference after another to those Christ called “the least of these” in the 25th chapter of Matthew. Never have I heard the most vulnerable being the most talked about in this city. President Obama began the pope’s visit with these words, “What a beautiful day the Lord has made.” Indeed. Then Pope Francis introduced himself to America as “a son of an immigrant family” who was “happy to be a guest in this country, which was largely built by such families.” Point made. Later he went on to call us to “accepting the urgency. [I]t seems clear to me also that climate change is a problem which can no longer be left to our future generations.” Not clear to some political leaders — but clear to the Holy Father. The leader of the Roman Catholic Church — 1.2 billion global souls — called for the “care of our common home,” then lifted up the spirit of hope that defined his entire visit and was my favorite line of the week: “For we know that things can change.” In between the official events, Pope Francis seemed happiest when he was moving between ordinary people and encountering (one of his favorite words) the people of America, especially the children. On Sept. 24, Pope Francis delivered his own version of a State of the Union address to the U.S. Congress — one like no other in our nation’s history. Yes, he spoke powerfully on a number of critical public issues, but he began by calling the political representatives of this country to their proper purpose and vocation as servant leaders. “You are called to defend and preserve the dignity of your fellow citizens in the tireless and demanding pursuit of the common good, for this is the chief aim of all politics,” he said. “A political society endures when it seeks, as a vocation, to satisfy common needs by stimulating the growth of all its members, especially those in situations of greater vulnerability or risk. Legislative activity is always based on care for the people. To this you have been invited, called, and convened by those who elected you.” The pope cautioned against polarization, and basically told them they should work together — a very radical call in Washington’s ideological and vitriolic divided politics. Pope Francis’ largest and longest standing ovation from Congress came when he reminded the lawmakers of the Golden Rule — something I never would have imagined. He spoke of “a refugee crisis of a magnitude not seen since the Second World War,” and how “on this continent, too, thousands of persons are led to travel north in search of a better life for themselves and for their loved ones…” The pope said we need to learn, "not be taken aback by their numbers, but rather view them as persons, seeing their faces and listening to their stories, trying to respond as best we can to their situation … always humane, just, and fraternal. We need to avoid a common temptation nowadays: to discard whatever proves troublesome. Let us remember the Golden Rule: 'Do unto others as you would have them do unto you' (Matt. 7:12)." That’s when all the politicians stood up and clapped. But the most stunning thing to me was when Pope Francis brought to our attention, in a joint session of the Congress, four examples of extraordinary figures from American history to illustrate his moral convictions about how to serve the common good. Abraham Lincoln and Martin Luther King, Jr. were great choices but seemed less a surprise, but then he also named Dorothy Day and Thomas Merton; who — along with King — have regularly graced our covers and articles here at Sojourners. I really couldn’t believe it. For the pope, each of these figures symbolizes a different American dream. In describing them, he said, “President Abraham Lincoln — liberty; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. — racial justice and inclusion; the founder of the Catholic Worker movement Dorothy Day — social justice and the priority of the poor; and Thomas Merton, the contemplative priest — the capacity for openness to God and a

I Am a Sinner: Don't Forget to Pray for Me


he first thing the new Pope Francis said to the world in St. Peter’s Square when he accepted the papacy was “I am a sinner.” In a final mass of one million people in Philadelphia, the last words Francis spoke to the American people were, “Please pray for me; don’t forget!” From the moment Francis arrived to the last event he led in the U.S., I saw something I never had before. For the first time in my life, I saw the gospel proclaimed at the highest levels of the nation — from the White House, to the Congress, to the United Nations, to Madison Square Garden, to Independence Hall, and to Philadelphia’s Benjamin Franklin Parkway. Simplicity, humility, compassion, grace, service, love, justice, peace, care for the poor, and creation itself were all lifted up in the places where such things are seldom valued or even named. The solutions to many of our problems that are often suggested in places like grassroots community organizations, social service centers, faith-based organizations, conflict resolution projects, and the pages of our own Sojourners magazine and website were being lifted up in the places of power. Again, I could hardly believe that the best ideas Sojo.net puts forward were being advanced at Congress and in the UN and on every television network in America. In between all those high-power venues, the gospel was lived by the pope as he engaged with people in the places where the powerful and the cameras never go. But the cameras came with Francis when he had lunch with the homeless at Catholic Charities in Washington, D.C., to a room full of beaming school children in Harlem where a little girl showed the grinning pope how to “double click” and operate a touch screen television, to a prison in Philadelphia where weeping prisoners were able to hug a pope who had told them about their worth as people made in the image of God. Then there were all the moments when Francis instinctively reached out to disabled persons, to children such as a little girl who slipped through security and introduced the pope to her undocumented father, to spending time with Catholic religious women whom the pope thinks are leading the church into the gospel in the streets, schools, and into our communities. While Francis was unbelievably eloquent in the top public settings of America, he was clearly more comfortable and happy in the places at the bottom of society — where the gospel is always more at home, as he was. And I have to honestly say that the gospel was proclaimed last week by Pope Francis much more clearly than it usually is in most U.S. churches, including his own Catholic church, the evangelical church I grew up in, and in most of the congrega-

tions Americans attend each week. The gospel we heard last week was clearly one that could and should transform a culture, rather than the services and sermons we hear week after week that are so conformed to the culture. Francis continues to speak out about our “consumer” and “throw-away culture,” where attractions to the endless offerings of the marketplace are often stronger than the message of our service to one another and those on the margins; where families get eaten up by market values instead of being the most personal environment where the love of God is most practically experienced. The continual and consistent theme of Pope Francis’ gospel message, every day and at the core of each event and moment — both public and private — was about who is most important, who Jesus calls us to value, to encounter, to love, and to never forget. The people on the bottom of American society were lifted up last week, and the people at the top had to hear about those at the bottom over and over again. Never has the media been so focused on the marginalized because Francis was always talking about them and wanting to be with them. Francis took the cameras of America to the poor and vulnerable. He took politics and even politicians there, too, with his focus on the hungry, the homeless, the immigrants, and the prisoners. And Francis took the church there, too, and told us that the church belongs there all the time — with the ones whom Jesus tells us to lift up. On a personal level, I haven’t felt this moved in a very long time. I was inspired by being around Francis at one of his events, watching every speech he gave during the week on television, and then seeing as much of his pilgrimage through America as I could — marveling at the spontaneous interactions he had along the way. Pope Francis proclaimed the gospel to me again and again, all in ways that were confronting, humbling, and renewing. Hearing the gospel preached every day with such eloquence and power — while seeing it lived with such authenticity and integrity — showed me how far I fall short of the things I most dearly and deeply believe. It often drew me to the prayer: “Lord, have mercy on me, a sinner.” The greatest blessing of the week was how mercy was at the core of Pope Francis’ message to America. Mercy and the grace of God was the homily last week, more than the political soundbites too many of the media pundits were looking for. Millions of us walked forward, in person or in spirit, to receive the bread and the wine from Pope Francis and said, “Thanks be to God.”

dialogue with others, even those of other faiths, with whom we need to build bridges.” Neither Catholic mentioned — Dorothy Day, working with the poor everyday on the lower east side of Manhattan, or Thomas Merton, walking the hills of Kentucky and praying the daily cycle of prayers at Gethsemani Abbey — could likely have ever imagined being lifted up in the U. S. Congress. When Pope Francis did speak about particular issues at the congressional podium, he spoke powerfully, in ways that transverse and transcend American political lines. He spoke in favor of abolishing the death penalty but also of protecting human life “at every stage of development.” He condemned the international arms trade as motivated “simply [by] money: money that is drenched in blood, often innocent blood.” He spoke eloquently about the value of dialogue between hostile nations as an alternative to armed conflict. And throughout his remarks he lifted up the need to protect and provide justice for the poor, the immigrant, and the very planet. After the speech to Congress, Pope Francis greeted the massive crowd waiting outside from the balcony of the Capitol building, using his native Spanish. “Buenos Días!,” he said to the diverse and beaming crowd. He gave a blessing to the children praying, “Father of all, bless these. Bless each of them. Bless the families. Bless them all.” He then asked for the prayers of all Americans, and the good wishes of non-believers, saying, “I ask you all please to pray for me. And if there are among you any who do not believe or cannot pray, I ask you to please send good wishes my way.” Yet another gesture that makes so many Ameri-

cans — Catholic, non-Catholic, and non-religious alike — so deeply attracted to this pope. In the past two days, I have heard the messages of the gospel that Sojourners has spread over four decades presented at the nation’s primary venues of power and lifted up as the country’s leading national media story. Even some of our most beloved gospel heroes were raised before the nation as the Americans the nation needs most to be our examples. Stunned is the feeling I still have, which is taking my breath away. Pope Francis has indeed changed the national conversation in America this week, pointing to those who also changed the conversation, and then calling us all to continue to do the same. How long this will last is not the deepest question. Rather, it’s whether Pope Francis’ words will fall on fertile or rocky soil as the gospel parable asks, and who will decide in their own lives and in nation-changing movements to now keep this conversation changing. In a clear message and mandate to Congress, Pope Francis said, “Now is the time for courageous actions and strategies, aimed at implementing a culture of care and an integrated approach to combating poverty, restoring dignity to the excluded, and at the same time protecting nature. We have the freedom needed to limit and direct technology, to devise intelligent ways of developing and limiting our power, and to put technology at the service of another type of progress, one which is healthier, more human, more social, more integral.” This is his clear message and mandate to all of us. We pray for the courage and perseverance to see that mission through. A stunning “Amen.”

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The morung express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: morung@gmail.com All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender. Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

ThursDAY 08•10•2015




The Middle East’s New Nakba The chain of events set into motion by the U.S. invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq is reaching its logical conclusion — the disintegration of multiethnic states and a great expulsion of innocents John Feffer


Foreign Policy In Focus

fter midnight on August 15, 1947, India and Pakistan became separate countries. What should have been a joyous occasion — a celebration of independence from three centuries of British colonial rule — quickly turned into one of the greatest tragedies in modern history. By the end of 1948, after an exodus of Muslims from India and a comparable hemorrhaging of Hindus from Pakistan, between 1 and 2 million people were dead. Extremists in both nascent countries had set out to create ethnically pure spaces by ruthlessly eliminating those that didn’t “fit in.” “Gangs of killers set whole villages aflame, hacking to death men and children and the aged while carrying off young women to be raped,” Nisid Hajari writes in his new book Midnight’s Furies. “Some British soldiers and journalists who had witnessed the Nazi death camps claimed Partition’s brutalities were worse.” The history of population transfers is not a pretty one. During World War I, the subsequent collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and an ensuing three-year conflict between Turkey and Greece, as many as 1.5 million Greeks living in Anatolia died in a horrific campaign of ethnic cleansing. The official population transfer of 1923, unlike what happened later during the partition of India, was an attempt to avert further horrors rather than cause new ones. As a result, Turkey expelled much of its Christian Greek population (1.5 million) and Greece kicked out its Muslim population (500,000). Though the scale of death during this exchange was lower than in India, the human suffering was still immense, and communities of ancient lineage disappeared overnight. The South Asian and Balkan population exchanges were largely based on ethnicity and religion. But occasionally ideology has compelled people to flee in one direction even as other people are running in the other. After the Russian Revolution in 1917 and the victory of the Red forces in the subsequent civil war, the losing Whites left in droves from the Soviet Union, as more than a million people established large émigré communities throughout Europe. The revolution also attracted people who wanted to experience life in a communist state, though the inflow was much smaller in comparison. Today, the Middle East is witnessing a largescale population transfer, the third major one in the region over the last century. Religion and ethnicity play a significant role in the displacement. But ideology also has a hand in it. Whatever the precipitating factors, the upheaval is a costly one. People are dying, borders are being redrawn, and the dragon’s teeth of discord are being sown for generations to come. Remapping the Middle East During the modern era, the Middle East has experienced three distinct waves of remapping and population transfer. The first came at the end of World War I with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the creation, from its corpse, of the modern state of Turkey and a jumble of colonial mandates. The second wave came with the withdrawal of the European powers in the 1930s and 1940s, which produced the modern versions of Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan. And in 1948, the creation of the state of Israel out of what had once been a British protectorate drew millions of Jews from around the world to the new country and at the same time dispossessed millions of Palestinians in the Nakba (the “catastrophe”). Today, the entire region is experiencing a Nakba


f you study history, you’ll see episodes that changed civilization. For example, in Ancient Greece, for the first time, bright thinkers sought natural explanations for the world around them, instead of believing that phenomena were caused by gods and spirits. This started the science-versus-religion clash that still roils 25 centuries later. Here’s another landmark: Around three centuries ago, major thinkers began advocating democracy, human rights and personal freedoms. Their period became known as The Enlightenment. It launched the long-running liberals-versus-conservatives conflict still driving much of today’s politics. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) wrote that life can be "nasty, brutish and short" unless people bind themselves into a "social contract" under a government that protects them. Hobbes implied that kings don’t rule by divine right, and that ultimate authority lies with the citizenry. Bishops tried to have Hobbes executed as an atheist, but Hobbes burned his papers and sometimes hid in exile. John Locke (1632-1704) denied that kings are chosen by God, and recommended the separation of church and state to prevent faith-based wars and massacres. An early advocate of democracy, Locke argued that government must rest on consent from the governed. Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) proposed a democratic republic with

as the third major remapping of the Middle East in modern times gets underway. The states that we have taken for granted for so long — Iraq, Syria, Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia — are being transformed. The chain of events set into motion by the U.S. invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq is inexorably reaching its logical conclusion — not the consolidation of democratic, secular states but the disintegration of multi-ethnic and multi-confessional entities. Nationalist forces have squared off against religious extremists over not only who controls the states of the region, but the very nature of the state institutions. Meanwhile, outside powers have poured arms and money into the region in quixotic attempts to influence the outcome. Many people aren’t sticking around to see who will win. They’re voting with their feet. Millions of refugees, mostly from Syria but also from Afghanistan and Iraq, are pouring into neighboring countries. The shortfall in funds available to manage this refugee flow — and the resulting lack of food and health care in the refugee camps in Jordan and Lebanon — has precipitated a follow-on wave of emigration, mostly to Europe. The states of those strife-torn countries have failed their denizens, so they’re seeking out places where the state provides at least partial shelter from everyday violence and uncertainty. In an equally startling development, tens of thousands are going in the opposite direction. The Islamic State has attracted nearly 30,000 people in the last two years. Given an inflow of 1,000 new recruits each month, the entity is able to maintain its fighting strength of 20,000-30,000 zealots, despite having absorbed 7,000 air strikes and suffering an estimated loss of 10,000 members (or perhaps because of these well-publicized martyrdoms). Although the recruits all subscribe to the same version of Sunni Islam, their decision to flock to ISIS is more like the earlier, more ideologically motivated migration to the Soviet Union. After all, if they simply wanted a more fundamentalist version of Islam, they could have gone to Saudi Arabia. Rather, they’re drawn by the ISIS promise to fuse religion and state authority in a new caliphate. At the same time deeply conservative and thoroughly revolutionary, ISIS promises to change the world by plunging it back into a Dark Ages of beheadings and Twitter. The current refugee crisis is the most visible sign of this Middle East remapping. But it’s not the only one. Enclaves Besieged Both the United States and Russia are committed to bolstering unitary states in the Middle East. They just happen to support different ones. Russia has long backed the government of Bashar al-Assad. It’s recently attempted to portray the Syrian regime as the best chance for defeating ISIS. Russian President Vladimir Putin has sent advanced jet fighters and a contingent of soldiers to battle a force that’s already declared its own satellite state on Russian soil in the northern Caucasus. This week, Russia conducted its first aerial attack on ISIS in Syria. President Obama, at the UN summit this week on countering ISIS, has pushed for a “hearts-andminds” strategy to counter violent extremism at the source. But the United States is also bombing ISIS, supporting opposition fighters like the Kurds, and trying to train “moderate” fighters to insert into the conflict (a dismal failure to date). The likely outcome of this strategy will be an accelerated fragmentation of Syria. The Kurds, Druze, Sunnis, and Alawites are spinning apart in the country’s centrifuge of violence, and the efforts of the U.S.-led coalition to oust Assad and defeat ISIS will drive the wedges even further between these communities. Meanwhile next door, evidence of the failure of this strategy is on display in Iraq. Years of war have not produced peace or eliminated extremism. The Obama administration has tried to keep Iraq together through an ill-advised patchwork of alliances that have only compromised the country’s immune system, giving rise to the potentially terminal illness of ISIS. And Washington continues to look the other way in Iraq as Shi’ite militias engage in their own form of ethnic cleansing, using ISIS as an excuse to go after any and all Sunnis in the country.

Syria and Iraq are not the only countries drifting toward a terrifying homogeneity. The Christian population of the region has declined to a mere 4 percent — from 1.5 million in Iraq to 500,000 today, from a strong majority in Lebanon to a mere 34 percent. Sectarian violence has also threatened Coptic Christians in Egypt and Libya. If ISIS takes root in these countries, countless other minorities would be at risk as well. Saudi Arabia, meanwhile, has a significant minority population of Shi’ites, somewhere between 10 and 15 percent, who have faced persistent discrimination. The most recent case involves Ali alNimr, whom the Saudi authorities arrested four years ago when he was 16 for his participation in protests against anti-Shia discrimination. The Saudi government plans to behead him and then crucify the body as a warning to others. Who needs enemies with friends like these? And then there’s Israel, which has done as much as possible to isolate Palestinians in the Occupied Territories and treat its Arab population as secondclass citizens. The situation inside Israel has become so toxic that even Sayed Kashua — the most successful Palestinian writer in Israel — moved his family to Champaign, Illinois. A two-state solution that finally accords Palestinians their own functioning state is to be welcomed — but it’s also a sad recognition of the inability of Israelis and Arabs to live in a multiethnic society together. Finally, with the fall of Kunduz to the Taliban this week, Afghanistan too is on the verge of following Iraq and Syria into a nation-state death spiral. A city of 300,000 people, Kunduz is the first urban area that the Taliban have seized since their defeat in 2001. If the Taliban retake power, expect the country to surpass Syria and once again become the world’s leading exporter of people, with minority populations suffering disproportionately. A New Compact Russia has already assembled a coalition with Iran, Iraq, and Syria to share intelligence for the purposes of battling ISIS. If the United States and Russia were to put aside their differences to pursue a political solution to the problems facing Syria in particular, it would go a long way toward achieving the consensus necessary to address what ails the Middle East. But it’s not enough. The problem of the Middle East is not something that outsiders can fix. The essential problem involves the nature of the state. The various state models on offer in the region are just not working. Authoritarian Arab nationalism, represented by Assad in Syria and al-Sisi in Egypt, is a human rights nightmare. The theocratic alternatives on display in Saudi Arabia and Iran are equally unpalatable, though at least some democratic procedures are in place in the latter. The sultanates of the Gulf States depend on cheap foreign labor and a caste system to keep the ruling families in place. Israel, too, has created an apartheid system to keep itself afloat in a largely hostile environment. Lebanon’s confessional system has been paralyzed for years. Iraq was supposed to be the model that all post-9/11 countries in the region should follow, but it’s barely a state at all given the autonomy of the Kurds, the secession of ISIS, and the murderousness of the Shi’ite militias. Turkey once offered great hope as a compromise between the religiously observant (the Justice and Development Party), the secular nationalists (Kemalists), and the minorities (particularly the Kurds). But that model has broken down because of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s desire for power. Outsiders can’t impose a state system, as the colonial powers attempted to do after World War I or the Bush administration tried in Iraq after 2003. But they can help reduce the amount of violence in order to create space within which the critical discussions over what kind of state is appropriate can take place. President Obama spoke once again at the UN about the importance of political solutions. Fine: Let’s stop focusing on the one (Assad) and refocus on the many (the refugees). Sit down with Russia, Iran, the EU, and others to work out a political solution in Syria that can stop the ongoing population transfer and avert an even greater tragedy. John Feffer is the director of Foreign Policy In Focus

The Enlightenment Keeps on Winning James A. Haught

powers split among executive, legislative and judicial branches. Voltaire (1694-1778), a witty French writer, was thrown in prison for mocking a regent—then emerged to become a lifelong crusader against abuses by ruling nobles and clerics. America’s founders—Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, etc—were brilliant radicals who absorbed Enlightenment ideas and incorporated them into the first modern democracy. Less-known founder George Mason insisted on a Bill of Rights to protect each person from government and the tyranny of the majority. The Enlightenment’s premise that every individual deserves personal freedoms also spawned The Rights of Man and the Citizen in France, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations, and other moral codes. The Enlightenment not only produced modern democracy, it also laid the foundation of liberal political values still winning victories today. For three centuries, by fits and starts, Western progress has been mostly a chronicle of progressives defeating

conservative resistance. Reformers repeatedly toppled old privileges, hierarchies and establishments. Look at the historical record: Conservatives tried to retain slavery, but they lost. They tried to block voting by women, but they lost. They tried to prevent couples from using birth control, but they lost. They tried to obstruct Social Security pensions for oldsters, but they lost. They tried to outlaw labor unions, but they lost. They tried to prevent unemployment compensation for the jobless, but they lost. They tried to keep stores closed on the Sabbath, but they lost. They banned alcohol during Prohibition, but they eventually lost. They tried to sustain racial segregation, but they lost. They supported government-mandated prayer in school, but they lost. They tried to continue throwing gays in prison, but they lost. They tried to defeat Medicare and Medicaid, but they lost. They tried to halt the sexual revolution, but they lost.

They opposed food stamps for the poor, but they lost. They fought against equal human rights laws, but they lost. They tried to censor sexy magazines, books and movies, but they lost. They sought to jail girls and doctors who end pregnancies, but they lost. They tried to block liquor clubs and lotteries, but they lost. They tried to prevent expansion of health insurance through the Affordable Care Act, but they lost. They tried to halt same-sex marriage, but they lost. On and on, through recurring cultural battles, progressive principles that began in The Enlightenment have prevailed. For three centuries, liberals generally have won, conservatives lost. What will be the next front in the culture war? Legal marijuana? Pistol registration? Free college? Whatever comes, it’s probably safe to predict the eventual winner. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said: "The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice." However, some University of Michigan scholars recently concluded that the notion of "the right side of history" is a myth—there’s no guarantee that future events will extend previous democratic breakthroughs. Terrible reversals could occur. Nonetheless, the transformation loosed by The Enlightenment is a fact. I hope the progressive pattern keeps rolling forever.

R&D Incentives: The Benefits of Being First


firm’s marginal benefit from Research and Development (R&D) is its expected profit. That is, the R&D is expected to result in a new product or production method (process) that will increase revenue and reduce production costs. Of course, a firm’s rival may be able to imitate its new product or process, greatly reducing the originator’s profit from its R&D efforts. For example, in the 1980s, some U.S. auto companies took apart Japanese Honda Accord cars, piece by piece, to discover the secrets of their high quality. Similarly, Indians and Chinese are good at using reverse engineering to create duplicate products. This is how innovation eventually leads to widespread imitation (diffusion). If diffusion of an innovation is legitimate and expected, then what are the implications of the imitation problem that innovators face? What incentive is there for any firm to bear the expenses and risks of innovation if competitors can imitate its new product? Why not let others bear the costs and risks of product development and then just imitate the successful innovations? Although this may be a plausible strategy in some situations, there are benefits of being first---that is, there are significant protections and potential benefits for firms that take the lead in R&D and innovation. Patents: When a person invents a new product, the inventor can apply for a patent. If the product is deemed truly original, the government awards the patent, which gives the inventor the exclusive right to make the product for a specified number of years. Or the invention can also be initiated by a firm. For example, Plizer, a pharmaceutical company, invented Viagra. Although the ingredients in Viagra cost only pennies a pill, Plizer Company could sell each pill for as much as $7 because the company had a patent on Viagra, giving it a monopoly on the right to sell the product for 20 years. This huge markup, which is common with new HIV/AIDS drugs and other lifesaving products, is often described as some kind of social injustice perpetrated by big greedy companies. But what would happen if other companies were allowed to sell Viagra, or if Plizer were to sell the drug more cheaply? Of course, the price would fall to the point where it was much closer to the cost of production. If this were to happen, then several negative things would occur. First, Plizer would not have the incentives to engage in research and development of new drugs; it would not want to spend time travelling around the globe and scouring the forests for exotic tree bark with medicinal properties. Second, it would never have made the large financial investments that were necessary to invent the drug in the first place. As a matter of fact, the average cost of bringing a new drug to the market is somewhere around $600 million. And for every successful drug, there are many expensive research forays that end in failure. For these reasons, inventors or companies that engage in research and development must be given patent rights and be allowed to make profit from their own inventions. Copyrights: A copyright law is a crucial form of property right protection for those who write for a living. Because of this law, no company can steal the text and publish it without compensating the authors. Similarly, copyrights protect the works of those who produce musical compositions, videos, movies, and computer software from piracy. Trade Secrets: Some innovations involve trade secrets, without which competitors cannot imitate the product or process. For example, Coca-Cola has successfully kept its formula a secret from potential rivals. Similarly, many other firms have perfected special production techniques known only to them. This is how some companies control markets and remain in business for indefinite numbers of years without any competition. Trademarks: Trademarks give the original innovators of products the exclusive rights to use a particular product name (e.g., M&Ms, Barbie Doll). By reducing the problem of direct copying, these legal protections increase the incentive for product innovation. Brand-Name Recognition: Along with trademark protection, brand-name recognition may give the original innovator a major marketing advantage for years or even decades. Consumers often identify a new product with the firm that first introduced and popularized it in the market. For example, Levi’s blue jeans, Johnson & Johnson’s Band-Aids, and Nike shoes. Time Lags: It takes some time for an imitator to gain knowledge about the properties of a new innovation. Even after someone has come to acquire that knowledge, it still takes time to design a substitute, raise capital funds, build a factory for production, successfully imitate a profitable new product, and cut into the market share of the innovator. In the meantime, the innovator can continue to enjoy market monopoly and reap profit. Profitable Buyouts: A final advantage of being first arises from the possibility of a lucrative buyout offer from a larger firm to the innovative entrepreneur. Hence, the innovative entrepreneur can choose to take his rewards immediately in the form of cash, rather than waiting for uncertain long-run profits from his own production and marketing efforts. In other words, an innovative entrepreneur can straight-away sell his innovative ideas for a huge profit. As for the purchaser, the transfer of the patent rights or buyout occurs because the purchaser believes that the inventor’s idea or product can be sold for a profit. For example, once the popularity of cellular communications became evident, AT&T bought out McCaw Communications, an early leader in this new technology. What are the take-a-ways in light of all these potential benefits mentioned above? First, our Nagas must learn to reap the benefits of being first. As a creative thinker, my mind often leads me to do many things differently. Last year, I turned a passenger bus into a mobile food truck. This year I’m working on another project: coming up with a proposal which is about transforming certain areas of Jotsoma’s forest into some eco-tourist hotspots where nature and all creatures, including people, can enjoy harmonious living and thus in a way---even if in a very imperfect and limited manner---attempt to showcase my idea of how God might have wanted the Garden of Eden to look like. But how my people will respond remains uncertain. One possibility is a refusal to think outside of the box because of the fear that this project could lead to destruction of our virgin forest. Another possibility is to steal my ideas and do everything themselves. Unfortunately, this is how many Naga communities seem to operate: attempt nothing new on their own, but just hijack others’ creative ideas to serve themselves or merely live by imitating others. On the subject of not destroying our forest resources but reaping benefits from them, we can most certainly discover plenty of plants with medicinal properties in our Naga forests, which we can develop into many new lifesavings drugs. But to do this, the government must, first of all, sponsor the research and development. Secondly, it must create a strong judicial system to protect property rights in the form of patents so that it can encourage more people to have the incentiveof being first.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


ThursdAY 08•10•2015



‘Obsolete’ made-in-India plane pushed on military

New Delhi, OctOber 7 (reuterS): The government has turned down the military's request to expand the acquisition of 36 fighter planes from Dassault Aviation SA to plug vital gaps, officials said, nudging it to accept an indigenous combat plane 32 years in the making. Prime Minister Narendra Modi's decision, in line with his Make-in-India policy to encourage domestic industry, is a blow for not only the French manufacturer but also others circling over the Indian military aviation market worth billions of dollars. The push for India's struggling Tejas light combat aircraft (LCA) also comes at a time when the air force is at its weakest operational strength since the 1962 war against China, which is causing anxiety within military circles. Since it took over last year, the Modi administration has repeatedly said its overriding goal is to cut off the military's addiction to foreign arms which has made it the world's top importer. The air force wanted the government to clear an additional 44 Rafale medium multirole aircraft on top of the 36 that Modi announced during a visit to Paris this year that are to be

An Indian Air Force (IAF) light combat aircraft "Tejas" taxies on the tarmac during the "Aero India 2015" air show at Yelahanka air base in Bengaluru February 19. (REUTERS File Photo)

bought off-the-shelf to meet its urgent requirements. But a defence ministry official said that Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar had told the air force that there weren't enough funds to expand the Rafale acquisition and that it must induct an improved version of the indigenous Tejas-Mark 1A. "The IAF (air force) needs to have a minimum number of aircraft at all times. The LCA is our best

States told to gear up against swine flu New Delhi, OctOber 7 (iANS): The union health ministry on Wednesday directed the states to gear up for swine flu (H1N1) including ensuring availability of medicines for the viral disease. "The states are advised to ensure that they have the required and adequate quantities of drug Oseltamivir, viral diagnostic kits, viral transport media, personal protective equipment and N-95 masks, at different levels in the health care system," said Health Minister J.P. Nadda during a meeting with officials from state health departments and the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR). Nadda said all states need to ensure that sufficient isolation facilities were available and functional in hospitals, and are well-equipped to manage critical respiratory emergencies. Officials from many states including Goa, Kerala, Telangana, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh attended the meeting. The ministry has asked for a status report from the states on their preparedness in terms of masks, test kits, medicines and vaccines by October 10. The states have been asked to remain vigilant and take precautionary measures to prevent morbidity/mortality due to the virus. "The state governments need to ensure adequate epidemiological surveillance to immediately detect clustering of influenza like illnesses along with requisite laboratory preparedness to test the clinical samples. Training and re-training workshops can be held for doctors to reiterate guidelines on patient categorization, clinical treatment and ventilatory management protocols," a statement from the ministry said. Chief secretaries of the states have been asked to review the preparedness, and issue necessary guidance to address shortfalls, if any. All assistance has been assured by the union government.

Human trafficking a borderless, organised crime, says Rajnath New Delhi, OctOber 7 (iANS): Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Wednesday dubbed human trafficking as a "borderless, organised crime" and said that his ministry had put in place an effective mechanism to curb the menace. "Human trafficking is a very sensitive and serious issue. It is a borderless, organised crime and India alone is not a victim of human trafficking as it is a global phenomenon," Rajnath Singh said as he inaugurated a national conference on human trafficking here. He also launched a portal - mysecurity.gov.in - at the event for women safety and protection. According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) figures, human trafficking cases in the country had increased by almost 38 percent from 2009 to 2013. A total of 2,848 cases of human trafficking were reported in 2009, 3,422 cases in 2010, 3,517 cases in 2011, 3,554 cases in 2012 and 3,940 cases in 2013. Citing a recent report of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, the minister said that the figures on south Asia were startling, with more than 1.5 lakh people reported as victims of human trafficking in a single year. "It is shocking that young girls are sexually exploited, children are subjected to amputation, people are sold like cattle and bonded labour is still rampant. No civilized society can tolerate such inhuman practices. The ministry of home affairs (MHA) has put in place an effective mechanism to curb the menace and some remarkable achievements have been made in this regard," he added. The minister said that the MHA was working on a revised scheme to strengthen the Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) with cooperation of the state governments. "It is essential to have a nodal coordinating agency for the purpose and the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) project will prepare a database on criminals engaged in human trafficking. It is also the responsibility of all the ministries to contribute in checking human trafficking," Rajnath Singh said.

option at this stage, given our resource constraints," the defence official said. "The Rafale is our most expensive acquisition. The LCA is our cheapest in the combat category." India's air force says it requires 45 fighter squadrons to counter a "twofront collusive threat" from Pakistan and China. But it only has 35 active fighter squadrons, parliament's defence committee said in a report in April citing

a presentation by a top air force officer. With the drawdown of Soviet-era MiG 21 planes under way, the air force would be down to 25 squadrons by 2022 at the current pace of acquisitions, it told the committee. Cleared by the government in 1983, the LCA designed by the government's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) was meant to be the backbone of the

air force due for induction in 1994. Instead, it suffered years of delay and chaos with scientists trying to build the world's most modern light combat aircraft from scratch, including the engine. Eventually they scrapped the engine, turning to GE Aviation and lowering their ambitions for a state-of-the-art fighter. So far, only one aircraft has been produced and even

that is awaiting final operational clearance, now delayed to early 2016. "In January this year, they had given one LCA ... which had not completed its flight testing. They handed over the papers to us. We do not make a squadron with one aeroplane. That is where we are," said an air force officer speaking on condition of anonymity. SAFETY CONCERNS An independent in-

vestigation by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India into the LCA programme identified 53 "shortfalls" in the plane. In a report in May, the auditor said that the plane wasn't as light as promised, the fuel capacity and speed were lower than required and there were concerns about safety. Retired Air Marshal M. Matheswaran, a former deputy chief of the Integrated Defence Staff, said the LCA was obsolete. "It is a very short-range aircraft which has no relevance in today's war fighting scenarios. If you are trying to justify this as a replacement for follow-on Rafales, you are comparing apples with oranges." He said the plane was at best a technology demonstrator on which Indian engineers could build the next series of aircraft, not something the air force could win a war with. "We would like to have the MMRCA (Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft) variety of aircraft. At least about six squadrons, to my mind," the head of the air force, Arup Raha, said at the weekend, referring to the Rafale class of fighters. But K. Tamilmani, the DRDO's aerospace chief, said the modified version

of the Tejas addressed most of the air force concerns. These included electronic warfare system, flight computer, radar and maintenance problems. "Almost all the problems get solved with the 1A. There will always be scope for improvement, but there are no flight safety issues," he said. State-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited would be able to ramp production to 16 a year by 2017 to meet the air force's demands, he said. "We Indians are extremely good at blaming each other - at blaming it all on Indian production." Dassault declined any comment on the government's decision to cap the Rafale fleet. A source close to Sweden's Saab, which has been pushing its Gripen light fighter, said that it was respectful of India's decision to try to develop its domestic military base. "There's still a huge gap that needs to be filled. We are marketing it (the Gripen) under the Make-inIndia umbrella," he said. "Even if you add the seven squadrons of the Tejas, there is still a requirement (with MiGs retiring etc). It’s a question of timing. Can they build these for when they need them?"

Instead of tiger, declare cow national animal: Haryana minister chANDigArh, OctOber 7 (iANS): A senior minister in Haryana has taken on the Royal Bengal Tiger - literally. The minister, who is from the BJP, has demanded that the cow should be declared as the national animal, displacing the tiger. A tweet from Haryana Health and Sports Minister Anil Vij on Wednesday read: "Declare Cow as National Animal of India instead of Royal Bengal tiger." The minister's tweet has come bang in the middle of a raging controversy over cow slaughter, beef ban in various states and the killing of a Muslim man in Dadri area of western Uttar Pradesh last week over allegations that he had eaten beef. Vij is a senior minister in the first Bharatiya Janata Party government in Haryana, which came

to power in October last year after assembly polls. In March this year, the BJP government announced a complete ban on sale of beef in any form in the state. The decision upset many people living in Gurgaon, adjoining the national capital, especially a large number of foreign nationals living in the industrial hub, as beef eating has become illegal in the state. Vij is the most active of all Haryana ministers and quite popular with his action-oriented style of functioning and speaking out openly what is on his mind. In another tweet last week, Vij, whose health department is grappling with rising dengue cases in the state, said: "Excuse me friends, please don't invite me for public functions. I want to devote my maximum time for the im-

provement of my departments." The minister is well-known for his no-holds barred comments on the Twitter and otherwise, including on his own government and colleagues. In the last few months, he has even left his own government and Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar embarrassed with his comments. He took the Twitter route in July to express his displeasure over the Khattar government bypassing him and appointing actress Parineeti Chopra as brand ambassador for a campaign. "I do not have any information of anybody appointed Brand Ambassador of my department for Beti Bachao programme - Anil Vij Health Minister," Vij tweeted. The Khattar government had announced Parineeti's name for

the campaign. Parineeti belongs to and grew up in Ambala city, the hometown of Vij. In an earlier tweet in February this year, Vij said: "Thank You Chief Minister For Taking Keen Interest into My Departments. I am Relaxed." Vij was clearly upset at Chief Minister Khattar showing "interest" in departments handled by him. The minister's surprise visits at government hospitals and clinics in recent months have put the health department on its toes. He has "raided" other offices, including police stations, too. A veteran and well-known BJP leader who represents the Ambala assembly constituency, Vij was one of the top contenders for the chief minister's post in October last year when the BJP came

to power on its own in Haryana for the first time. When the Khattar government completed 100 days earlier this year, Vij tweeted: "Kuchh log mujhe mere kaam karne ke tareke se rokna chahate hain, parantu veh kabhi kamyaab nahin honge. Main apne tareke se he kaam karta rahoonga." (Some people are hell bent on stopping me from working my way, but they will not succeed. I will continue to work my way). In another tweet later, he said: "There are many obstacles in politics in every step. I have not named anyone (regarding stopping him from doing his work). I had just expressed my resolve to work to mark the 100 days of the (Khattar) government. I will crush all such obstacles and move on."

India has great global power potential: US Sale of loose cigarettes now invites prison term in UP

wAShiNgtON, OctOber 7 (iANS): With President Barack Obama looking at India as a potential great global power in the 21st century, US wants to deepen its economic, political, and security cooperation with New Delhi. "Our relationship with India is strong, growing," State Department Spokesperson Mark Toner told reporters here on Tuesday in response to a question about the direction of US-India relations after Prime Minister Narendra Modi's second visit to the US last month. As President Barack "Obama said, India has the potential to be one of the great global powers in the 21st century, so we want to see our

cooperation deepen both economically, politically, and on security issues as well," Toner said. In response to another question about the India-Pakistan relationship, he said: "It's absolutely critical to achieving peace and stability in South Asia." On terrorism, the spokesperson said, "Obviously, it's a shared concern not just between our country and India... but obviously, for many countries in that region." Toner noted that Obama, who had his third bilateral summit meeting with Modi in one year in New York last moth, had reiterated that the perpetrators financiers, sponsors of the November 26, 2008, Mumbai terror attack must be held

accountable for their crimes. "We continue to follow the criminal proceedings closely and urge additional action to prevent such an attack from ever happening again and recognise that this was a terrible tragedy for India," he said. "In general, we want to see better, stronger, closer counter-terrorism cooperation not only between the US and India but of all the countries in the region, including Pakistan," Toner said. "We all need to be on our guard. We all need to be vigilant," he said. "We all need to cooperate and share information and intelligence... in order to prevent future attacks. It's not something we can let our guard down on."

luckNOw, OctOber 7 (iANS): Sale of loose cigarettes across Uttar Pradesh has been banned and deemed a penal offence with immediate effect, officials said here on Wednesday. Manufacturing and sale of loose cigarettes would invite a fine and a prison sentence, according to the orders issued by principal secretary (health) Arvind Kumar. The state cabinet approved the move last week and with Governor Ram Naik signing an ordinance, the health department issued orders to the effect late on Tuesday. As per the new law, anybody found selling loose cigarettes would be face a fine of Rs.1,000 and serve a one-year jail term. Any individual violating the law for a second consecutive occasion would face a fine of Rs.3,000 and serve a 3-year jail term. Anybody caught manufacturing loose cigarettes will face a fine of Rs.10,000 and serve a 5-year jail term. Police officials have been entrusted with the responsibility of enforcing the ban on manufacture and sale of loose cigarettes.

Gluten intolerance: Dangerous gut-wrenching experience for some New Delhi, OctO ber 7 (iANS): For people in large areas of the country, a supper without chapati is simply unimaginable. What most of them probably do not know is that a protein that gives the dough a subtle elasticity to get a final chewy texture can herald a bouquet of health problems in the long run. Blame the dreadful gluten - a name that has changed the course of western diets, mainly vegetarian, in past years and has now come to haunt Indians. Primarily found in grains like wheat, barley and rye gluten is a complex protein that not all of us can digest (blame your genes). This situation leads to gut disorders - some even life threatening - and other serious conditions. Celiac disease is one

such common autoimmune disorder that can occur in genetically-predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine.The damage makes it hard for the body to absorb nutrients, especially fat, calcium, iron and folate. “If there is an underlying genetic susceptibility then gluten is one of the most inflammatory substances of the modern era,” Dr Yogesh Batra, senior consultant (gastroenterology) at BLK Super Specialty Hospital in New Delhi told IANS. Gluten-sensitivity can cause inflammation leading to malabsorbtion in the entire small intestine. This can result in an overall reduction of absorption of nutrients throughout the gut. For such people, the protein causes inflamma-

tory response by causing premature death of intestinal lining cells which cause a “leaky" gut. “This indirectly allows the proliferation of infective bacterial flora to get into the blood stream causing septicemia,” warns Dr Suvarna Pathak, dietitian coordinator at Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital in Mumbai. It also causes autoimmune response to heart tissues causing heart disease. “Owing to these destructive responses of gluten, it may cause cancer or mutations. Sometimes, this protein can also lead to neurological disorders, epilepsy or schrizophrenia,” Dr Pathak said. “It can also lead to height shortening, affects normal growth of the body and overall cognition difficulties,” adds Dr Deepak Lahoti, senior consultant

(gastroenterology) from Max Super Specialty Hospital. Most of the gluten-sensitive people don't realise the 'harakiri' happening inside their gut. For testing gluten intolerance, many symptoms are evaluated like stomach disorders, celiac disorders and autoimmune response of swelling and rashes. Some of the other symptoms can be iron deficiency, muscle cramps, tingling sensation in the legs, sores in the mouth and missed menstrual periods. “There are blood tests and intestinal biopsy tests to reveal your gluten sensitivity. Genetic testing for gluten susceptibility can also be done,” Dr Batra said. Gliadin - a component of the gluten protein - has similar structure to other protein tissues in pancreas. Antibodies produced

against gliadin can cause destruction in such organs - causing Type 1 diabetes and hypothyroidism. “Gluten has to be avoided completely as even a small trace of gluten in any food can result in the precipitation of symptoms of celiac disease. Lists of gluten containing foods are available which have to be adhered strictly by patients suffering from gluten enteropathy (chronic disorder of the digestive tract),” advises Dr Batra. According to Dr Pathak, “turmeric and ginger are good as turmeric purifies the blood and destroys the carcinogens whereas ginger is anti-inflammatory aiding in digestion.” Probiotics also help in decreasing the effects of gluten to a great extent. There are several gluten-free products now available in the Indian mar-

ket. “There are a lot of websites which give details of gluten-free diets. The other and most important way is to consult an experiential dietitian,” explains Dr Lahoti. Try fresh and unpreserved foods to have better results. Also, eat small frequent meals. “A gluten-free diet includes beans, eggs, dairy products, quinoa seeds and nuts, corn, fresh meat, fish, poultry, flax, flours of rice, soy, potato, bean millet, sorghum and tapioca,” informs Dr Pallavi Vaishya, nutrition expert from Healing Touch Clinic in New Delhi. Although most of us are sensitive to gluten to some extent, for those who face serious symptoms a gluten-sensitivity test becomes mandatory, the experts advise.

ThursdAY 08•10•2015



Ex-UNGA head face bribery charge

President of the United Nations General Assembly John Ashe walks at the Mahatma Gandhi memorial after paying flower tribute at Rajghat in New Delhi March 21, 2014. (REUTERS File Photo)

NeW YOrK, OcTOber 7 (reuTerS): U.S. authorities charged a former president of the United Nations General Assembly, a billionaire Macau real estate developer and four others on Tuesday for engaging in a wide-ranging corruption scheme. John Ashe, a former U.N. ambassador from Antigua and Barbuda who was general assembly president from 2013 to 2014, was accused in a complaint filed in federal court in New York of taking more than $1.3 million in bribes from Chinese businessmen, including developer Ng Lap Seng. Manhattan U.S. Attor-

ney Preet Bharara, who announced the arrests of Ashe and the other defendants, said the investigation could result in more charges as authorities examine whether “corruption is business as usual at the United Nations.” “If proven, today’s charges will confirm that the cancer of corruption that plagues too many local and state governments infects the United Nations as well,” Bharara said. U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is “shocked and deeply troubled” by the allegations, said his spokesman, Stephane Dujarric. The U.N. had not

previously been informed of the probe, Dujarric said, but would cooperate if contacted. The case followed the Sept. 19 arrest of Ng, 68, and an assistant, Jeff Yin, 29, for falsely claiming that $4.5 million they brought into the United States from China from 2013 to 2015 was meant for gambling or buying art, antiques or real estate. Both men are charged in the latest case. Bharara said authorities continue to examine funds connected to Ng, who prosecutors say has a $1.8 billion fortune, much of which he earned on developments in Macau.

ROLEXES, BMW AND BASKETBALL COURT According to the complaint, Ng, through intermediaries, paid Ashe more than $500,000 to submit a document telling the U.N. secretary general that a yet-to-be built multibillion-dollar U.N.-sponsored conference centre in Macau was needed. The intermediaries included Francis Lorenzo, 48, a deputy U.N. ambassador from the Dominican Republic who prosecutors said Ng paid $20,000 monthly as “honorary president” of one of his organizations, SouthSouth News. The other was Yin, who authorities said after his arrest disclosed that Ng viewed the conference centre as his “legacy” and made payments to get action on it. Ashe, 61, also received more than $800,000 from Chinese businessmen to support their interests within the U.N. and Antigua, and kicked some of the money to Antigua’s then-prime minister, who was not named, the complaint said. Prosecutors said those bribes were arranged through Sheri Yan, chief executive officer of a New Yorkbased organization, and Heidi Park, its finance director, who were also arrested. The organization was unnamed, but the Global Sustainability Foundation website lists Yan and Park as holding those positions. The foundation did not respond to requests for

comment. Baldwin Spencer, who held the prime minister post at the time, could not be reached for comment. The complaint said Ashe solicited bribes in various forms, including payments to cover a New Orleans family vacation and construction for a $30,000 basketball court at his house in Dobbs Ferry, New York. From 2012 to 2014, more than $3 million from foreign governments and individuals was deposited in bank accounts controlled by Ashe, who spent the money on his mortgage, BMW lease payments and Rolex watches, prosecutors said. The complaint only charged Ashe with tax offences, which it said are not covered by any diplomatic immunity he enjoys. The U.N. General Assembly presidency is a ceremonial, one-year post paid for by the home country. At a hearing late Tuesday, a federal judge set Ashe’s bail at $1 million on condition be placed under house arrest, despite concerns by prosecutors that he posed a flight risk. Robert Van Lierop, his lawyer, said Ashe intends to “assert the full range of immunity” to which he is entitled and would fight the charges. Brian Bieber, Lorenzo’s lawyer, said his client “acted in good faith at all times and believed in the integrity of what he was told by those involved.” Ng’s lawyer, Alex Spiro, said his cli-

NeW YOrK, OcTOber 7 (IANS): Teenagers who spend hours on the internet may be at risk of gaining unhealthy weight and having high blood pressure, say researchers. The study found that teens who spent at least 14 hours a week on the internet had elevated blood pressure. “Using the internet is part of our daily life but it should not consume us,” said study lead author Andrea CassidyBushrow from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, US. “In our study, teens considered heavy internet users were on the internet an average of 25 hours a week,” Cassidy-Bushrow pointed out. Researchers analysed data compiled from 335 teenagers ages 14-17 enrolled in the study. Their blood pressure reading taken during a physical exam. Participants also completed a 55-question survey of their internet use during the week leading up to their physical exam. For their study, researchers defined internet use as visiting web sites, emailing, instant messaging, playing games, doing homework, shopping, downloading software and creating or maintaining webpages. Of 134 teenagers described by researchers as heavy internet users, 26 had elevated blood pressure. The researchers also found that 43 percent of heavy internet users were overweight compared to 26 percent of light internet users. “It is important that young people take regular breaks from their computer or smartphone, and engage in some form of physical activity,” Cassidy-Bushrow said. “I recommend to parents they limit their children’s’ time at home on the internet. I think two hours a day, five days a week is good rule of thumb,” she suggested. The study was published in the Journal of School Nursing.

be forced to ask Russia to launch air strikes’

bAGHdAd, OcTOber 7 (reuTerS): Iraq may request Russian air strikes against Islamic State on its soil soon and wants Moscow to have a bigger role than the United States in the war against the militant group, the head of parliament’s defence and security committee said on Wednesday. “In the upcoming few days or weeks, I think Iraq will be forced to ask Russia to launch air strikes, and that depends on their success in Syria,” Hakim al-Zamili, a leading Shi’ite politician, told Reuters in an interview. The comments were the clearest signal yet that Baghdad intends to lean on Russia in the war on Islamic State after U.S.-led coalition airstrikes produced limited results. Russian military action in Iraq would deepen U.S. fears that it is losing more strategic ground in the region as Russia weighs in behind President Bashar al-Assad with airstrikes

Aussie court rules human genes cannot be patented

ent committed no crime. Lawyers for Yin, Yan and SYdNeY, OcTOber 7 (IANS): An Australian court on Wednesday ruled the breast cancer gene BRCA-1 cannot Park declined comment. be patented following an appeal by a patient against a USPRIOR INVESTIGATIONS based biotechnology company. Queensland resident Yvonne D’Arcy -- a two-time Ng, also known as cancer survivor -- took her fight against US-based bioDavid Ng, heads Macautech company Myriad Genetics to Australia high court, based Sun Kian Ip Group, arguing allowing corporations to own patents over huwhose foundation arm lists man genes stifles cancer research and development of several ambassadors to the treatments for genetic diseases, Xinhua news agency U.N., including Ashe and reported. Lorenzo, as holding leadMyriad Genetics has a patent over the gene known as ership positions. In China, Ng sits on BRCA-1, which is linked to an increased risk of hereditary several government com- breast and ovarian cancers. D’Arcy’s lawyers had argued mittees and belongs to the that genetic material is a product of nature, even if isoChinese People’s Political lated from the body, it can cannot be patented under AusConsultative Conference, tralian law. D’Arcy’s case also argued the patent allows an advisory body to the Myriad Genetics to charge exorbitant rates for patients who wish to be tested for the BRCA-1 mutation. government. In 2013, the US supreme court ruled genes, more speNg’s name previously surfaced in U.S. investi- cifically DNA, was a product of nature and therefore not a gations into how foreign patentable invention. However, synthetic DNA created in a laboratory setmoney might have been ting is eligible, the US supreme court ruled. Myraid Gefunnelled into the Demonetics said the US ruling supported the Australian patent, cratic National Committee as the material in use was isolated from the gene, creating before the 1996 elections, a “non-naturally occurring molecule” which met Austrawhen it was working to relia’s “manufacture test”. elect President Bill Clinton. The manufacture test is a product of a 1959 court rulNg, who was never charged, stopped coming to ing in favour of a weed killer that did not harm crops, but the United States from 1996 was made from already known compounds. Australia’s to 2000 amid the probe, high court, however, disagreed with Myriad Genetics assertions. prosecutors have said. More recently, in 2014, Ng was subpoenaed in a U.S. foreign bribery investigation, a source has said, after his name surfaced in litigation involving billionaire Sheldon Adelson’s Las Vegas Sands Corp. Federal prosecutors in Brooklyn also have brought sealed charges against another individual linked to Ng, Yin’s lawyer Sabrina Shroff said at a Sept. 29 hearing. The status of any Brooklyn-based investigation was unclear on Tuesday.

Heavy internet use may Iraq leans toward Russia in war on Islamic State the upcoming few days put teens at high BP risk ‘In or weeks, I think Iraq will in Syria and Iran holds deep sway in Iraq. Iraqi Prime Minister Haider alAbadi has said he would welcome Russian airstrikes on Islamic State militants in Iraq and powerful Iranian-backed Shi’ite militias hope for a partnership with Russia to counter U.S. influence. “We are seeking to see Russia have a bigger role in Iraq. ... Yes, definitely a bigger role than the Americans,” Zamili said. Shi’ite militias, long mistrustful of the United States, see Russia’s intervention as an opportunity to turn the tables. Russia’s drive for more clout in the Middle East includes a new security and intelligence-sharing agreement with Iran, Iraq and Syria with a command centre in Baghdad. “We believe that this centre will develop in the near future to be a joint operation command to lead the war against Daesh in Iraq,” said Zamili, using a derogatory Arabic acronym for Islamic State, which is also known as ISIS or ISIL. Washington has been pressuring Abadi to rein in Shi’ite militias, angering fighters seen as a bulwark against the ultra-hardline Sunni Islamic


State, the biggest security threat to oil producer Iraq since the fall of Saddam Hussein since 2003. “The Russian intervention came at the right time and right place and we think it will change all rules of the game not only in Syria but in Iraq also,” said Muen al-Kadhimi, an aide to Hadi al-Amiri, the most powerful Shi’ite militia leader. “The government has been relying heavily on an untrustworthy ally, which is the United States, and this fault should be fixed.” A new dynamic dominated by Russia would put pressure on Abadi, who depends heavily on U.S. support and is at odds with the militias and their Iranian backers. But with Islamic State showing no signs of weakening, the priority will be finding a formula for stability and the key players are embracing Russia. “There’s a need to create a new coalition and force that is actually effective on the ground and performs the actual goal of fighting Daesh,” said Mohammed Naji, another aide to Amiri. “There is a serious discussion and inquiry into requesting the Russian air forces to conduct air strikes against Daesh positions in Iraq.”

Nepal considers air-lifting fuel as India border stays shut KATHMANdu, OcTOber 7 (reuTerS): Nepal is considering air-lifting fuel, possibly from Bangladesh, as supply routes from India stay blocked by protesters opposing its new constitution, a short-term solution ahead of a key festival even as the government talks to China for help. Thousands of trucks are stranded at the border with India, the main supply route into landlocked Nepal, leading to a critical shortage of fuel in the country that only months ago suffered its worst earthquakes in 75 years. “Getting oil and petrol from a country other than India is a very difficult question to answer,” Deepak Baral, spokesman for the state-run Nepal Oil Corp, told Reuters. Other than its lowland border with India, Nepal’s other frontiers are mountainous with poor roads. After India, Bangladesh in the closest country with access to the sea. “At the moment India is blocking trucks carrying goods from third countries, so we cannot do this by land. We will work with what stock we have around the Dashain festival. For this we may look into lifting oil and petrol supplies by air from a third country.” Nepal says the blockade is being imposed by India to pressure political parties to address the demands of groups in the southern plains who are unhappy with the constitution passed last month. More than 40 people have died in protests related to the charter. India denies any role in the blockade. Dashain, the highlight of Nepal’s religious calendar, is due to begin in less than two weeks. Many people who live in Nepal’s capital hail from districts outside the Kathmandu Valley and return home for the festival. At Kathmandu’s main bus station, operators were only selling tickets for travel on the same day due to the fuel crunch. Traffic in Kathmandu was severely curtailed and public transport was limited, with passengers sitting on the roofs of buses. “It’s quite quiet at the minute,” said Susan Magar, who works for a bus company ferrying travelers to Dharan in the east. “We can’t sell tickets in advance for Dashain because we don’t know if we’ll have fuel.” Nepal Oil’s Baral said the company was looking at ways to ensure people can get home for the festival, but air-lifting in supplies from a third country would only be a short-term solution. He said the Nepali government was talking to China, India’s rival in the Himalayas, about fuel supplies. “If we get the nod from the government, then we can start talking to our counterparts, but even then we estimate we can only receive 10-15 percent of our requirements from China.”

Pentagon calls Afghan hospital strike a mistake, vows to seek accountability WASHINGTON, OcTOber 7 (reuTerS): The U.S. military took responsibility on Tuesday for a deadly air strike on a hospital in the Afghan city of Kunduz, calling it a mistake and vowing to hold people accountable. Saturday’s strike on an Afghan hospital run by Doctors Without Borders, or Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), killed 22 people and deeply angered the medical charity. MSF officials have blamed the United States, demanding an independent investigation into an attack it called a war crime. Defence Secretary Ash Carter said the Pentagon “deeply regrets” the loss of life. “The U.S. military takes the greatest care in our operations to prevent the loss of innocent life, and when we make mistakes, we own up to them. That’s exactly what we’re doing right now,” Carter, who was travelling in Europe, said in a statement. “We will do everything we can to understand this tragic incident, learn from

it, and hold people accountable as necessary,” he said. Earlier in Washington, the American commander of international forces in Afghanistan, Army General John Campbell, called the strike a mistake made within the U.S. chain of command. The comments by Carter and Campbell were the most direct acknowledgement yet by the U.S. government that the strike on the hospital was carried out by U.S. forces. On Monday, Campbell said only that U.S. forces had responded to a request for support from Afghan forces. In testmimony to the Senate Armed Services Committee, Campbell also made clear he favoured a rethink of a plan to withdraw almost all U.S. troops by the end of next year. He said rising threats in Afghanistan from the Islamic State and al Qaeda were among factors informing his recommendations to the White House on future troop levels. Campbell said U.S.

forces had responded to a request from Afghan forces and provided close air support as they engaged in a fight with Taliban militants in Kunduz, a provincial capital that the Taliban captured late last month. “To be clear, the decision to provide aerial fires was a U.S. decision made within the U.S. chain of command,” Campbell said. He added that U.S. special forces nearby were communicating with the aircraft that delivered the strikes. “A hospital was mistakenly struck,” Campbell said. “We would never intentionally target a protected medical facility.” President Barack Obama expected steps to be taken to prevent such an incident from recurring, White House spokesman Josh Earnest said on Tuesday. The government of President Ashraf Ghani, heavily dependent on Washington for military support and far less critical of the United States than

his predecessor Hamid Karzai, has held back from directly criticizing the United States. But an Afghan military officer took issue with the idea that Afghan forces had called for a strike against the hospital. Abdullah Guard, commander of Afghan special forces in Kunduz, said his men had been under heavy fire in the area near the hospital, fighting a Taliban force estimated at around 500 men. “It is possible our forces might have called for an air strike to hit the enemy position, but that doesn’t mean to go and bomb the hospital,” he told Reuters. He was speaking before Campbell’s testimony on Tuesday, in which the American general made clear the decision to conduct the strike was a U.S. one. Campbell said on Tuesday he had directed forces under his command to undergo training to review operational authorities and rules of engagement to prevent further incidents like Kunduz.

U.S. Army General John Campbell, commander of the Resolute Support Mission and United States Force - Afghanistan, testifies before a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on “The Situation in Afghanistan” on Capitol Hill in Washington October 6. (REUTERS Photo)

RENEWED ATTENTION ON MISSION The incident, along with the Taliban’s capture of Kunduz, has cast renewed attention on the 14-year U.S. mission in Afghanistan. Many members of Congress are deeply concerned

about Obama’s plans for a final withdrawal of U.S. forces. The president is reassessing the timetable for a drawdown that currently envisages removing all but about 1,000 U.S. soldiers by the end of 2016. “The world walked away from Afghanistan once be-

fore and it descended into chaos that contributed to the worst terrorist attack ever against our homeland,” said Senator John McCain, the Republican chairman of the armed services committee, referring to the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks that were planned by al Qa-

eda militants sheltered by the then-ruling Taliban in Afghanistan. “We cannot afford to repeat that mistake,” McCain said. Campbell said counterterrorism missions would be less effective if the U.S. presence in Afghanistan was limited to a small force based in the capital. He said there were some 1,000-3,000 Islamic State members in Afghanistan, although many of them were disaffected Taliban members who were “rebranding” themselves. He declined to provide specifics about recommendations he had made to the White House about force levels, but said they included an option for more troops than just a small embassy-based force. There are currently around 9,800 American troops in Afghanistan. When asked by Senator Angus King whether his judgment was that conditions in Afghanistan would require revision of the withdrawal plan, Campbell responded: “Yes, sir.”


thursDAY 08•10•2015



Trinity school gets new administrator, proprietor

Dr. Nikhini handing over documents to Kevisevolie Solo, the new administrator & proprietor In commemoration to Gandhi Jayanti, the NSS Unit of Mount Olive Colof Trinity School, Kohima. lege, Kohima conducted a social work under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on Kohima, october 7 the former administrator Chairman, Leriechazou 3rd October 2015 reflecting on its theme “Think tidy, our society depends (mexN): Trinity School, & proprietor to continue Panchayat and also the on cleanliness”. The NSS volunteers under the guidance of the Programme Officers and Teachers cleaned the College building, its canteen, Kohima, established in the handholding in all spheres President of T. Khel Gazett- campus and the main road below the college.

year 2003, was today taken over by a new administrator & proprietor Kevisevolie Solo from Dr. Nikhini. Addressing the parents and teachers meet, the new administrator assured to contribute his best for the uplift of the school in all fronts. He sought cooperation of the teaching fraternity, students, parents and guardians, and especially

of the school activities and management. He also thanked Dr. Nikhini and family members for taking up a noble venture in establishing a school in the locality. Acknowledging that the school is a much needed institute for the colony of Lerie area, he lauded their efforts and dedication. Earlier, Zakie Suohu,

ed Officers Association also spoke and lauded both the old and new administrators for bringing laurels in academic results and challenged the administration of the school to keep up the good reputation and also assured support for the welfare of the school by the colony. Earlier, Trinity School headmaster, Mathew pronounced invocation prayer.

IRCS members with doctors of Mokokchung and members of women department of Mokokchung Baptist Church during the free medical camp at Mokokchung village on October 3. The Indian Red Cross Society in collaboration with Mokokchung doctors participated in a health camp for senior citizens at Mokokchung Village on October 3. The health camp was organized by the women department of Mokokchung Baptist Church on the occasion of Senior Citizens Day. Altogether, 101 senior citizens were given health checkups and provided free medicines, 25 persons were screened for blood sugar and 13 dental procedures were carried out during the camp. The medicines and consumables were sponsored by Aristo Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd and Anchor Medical Centre, Mokokchung, informed a press note from Dr Takosunep Ao, honorary secretary of IRCS Mokokchung District Branch.

As part of the upcoming Golden Jubilee of Holy Cross School, the alumni of the school organised career guidance and counselling program for Class 10 to 12 students. Resources persons were Dr. Modesta, Gynae Specialist at District Hospital Dimapur; Esther Imsong, Director of Student Service and Counseling, Mount Mary College, Chumukedima; Bokatoli, Counsellor Psychologist, Mount Mary College Chumukedima; Dr. Akum Toshi, Child Specialist at Zion Hospital; Professor Biswajit Sarkar, Asst Professor of Commerce Dept, Govt College Dimapur; and Rohit Jain, Director, Business Development at PK Travels.

Winners of the painting competition - David, Chungsen and Kheapong (LR), held in commemoration of Wildlife Week at Government High School, The Khiamniungan Baptist Youth Endeavour Kohima (KBYEK) organised Autumn Youth Mokokchung village on October 6 with the theme, ‘Living with wildlife’. Meet on October 2 with the theme ‘Run the Race’ (2 Timothy 4:7) at Mezhur Higher Secondary Chungsen of class IX B, Kheapong of class IX B and David of class VIII School. The resource persons were Aphre Kerhuo, Denny John, Rev. Moa Longchari and M. emerged as first, second, third winners and were awarded cash, a press MGM Hr Sec School Peace Channel members conducted cleanliness drive in Chuba Lam, who spoke on the topics, Problems confronting today’s teens and its remedies, release informed. The programme was sponsored and organized by the the school, MGM Hostel and nearby places on October 2. About 100 students Divisional Forest Office (DFO), Mokokchung. Value of life, Relationship and marriage. The session was followed by games and sports. participated in the drive along with teachers and principal.

public discourse

cogitating for a better deal and some More We are the hollow men We are the stuffed men Leaning together Headpiece filled with straw…………


t was in a queer place that I saw and bought the book ‘Cogitating for a Better Deal' by Monalisa Changkija. I had gone out for dinner with a friend, and like chances will have it, we ended up in this restaurant that served us the food we craved for. Inadvertently, my eyes wandered and made a cursory check of the interiors till it fell upon the book which was lying low and neatly stacked on a shelf along with traditional crafts, preserved Naga food, and other memorabilia. Prior to this, I had heard about the sanction slapped against it. Therefore, I knew I needed to get hold of the book. Flipping through the first few pages were eyeopening lines which captivated my attention. A popular axiom states that the ‘pen is mightier than the sword'. The author of the book, Monalisa Changkija is a prolific and fearless writer. Her articles, poems, prose, and other writings have authentic valuethey are words, lines, verse with stories about the pain and anguish faced by the common people in Nagaland. Her active contribution for the intellectual awakening of the Nagas through her writings is recounted with respect and gratitude. Her poems and works are now included in university syllabi. Writing from a State that has undergone ineffable calamity and tumultuous years in political, economic, and social domains, the issues being discussed are cogent presentations of the “Nagas” existential crisis in flair locution. Though threats are many, yet someone has to narrate tales that would challenge conventions and rouse dormant minds into ‘cogitating' and rationalizing what was, what is, and what will be. The book opens with profound reviews and a foreword by noted intellectuals of our society. The rest of the book is a flow of clear semantics, syntaxes, and lexicons presenting the angst of every ‘enlightened' Nagas on issues pertaining to our daily life. Two imperative issues are pertinent to any Nagas today- that of Identity and the challenges posed by modernity on tradition. Both issues being by-products of post-colonialism that further consorts to Huntington's punch-line ‘Clash of Civilization'. Till today, the issue of Naga identity persists which is marred with violence and bloodshed on many occasions. Concomitantly, colonizers came and in no time transformed our society with the ‘spirit' of Christianity and Western Education. In such a situation, either modernity and tradition mix harmoniously or they fend-off each other. Nagas are no stranger to

these facts. Without contest, headhunting reinvented into soul-hunting and the institution of Morung slowly made way to schools for western education. These developments have moulded Nagaland and the Naga society to its present state of existence. Our issue of identity has gone through some rough roads, and now it remains an allusive term and an elusive dream for the Nagas. What began as a movement to ascertain ourselves is now shrouded with uncertainties. The underground movement is multifurcated into power camps each trying to represent themselves as the best voice for the Nagas. The public are at sea trying to maintain "Naganess" but simultaneously growing tired of the misconducts of the ‘freedom fighters', which in recent years have become self-inflicting militants. What started as an all-out movement to attain freedom is now reduced to once-in-a-while-talks behind closed walls. For many, it has now reached a juncture to either ‘do' or ‘leave'. Ruefully, this is our state- a divided house with the scope of achieving our goal drifting further and further away from us. Our struggle for identity and our fight for self-determination for more than 60 years have lost its sheen in the "Alphabet Pool". The copyright of the 26 English alphabets should undergo master-change, or so it seems. Simultaneously, the Indian Government has been consistently dawdling with the Naga issue and forestalling to make any positive decisions. At best, the Indian Government has turned the Naga political issue into a dilly-dallying verbal game. For many Nagas the conditions devised by the Indian Government can only be termed as a ‘good bait' for the open-mouthed fish in the water. Economic packages encrypted with development promises seems to have impacted well on the Nagas. In the meantime, while time is whiling, the younger generations are fast assimilating into what is popularly known as "mainstream culture", through the process of "mingling". Simultaneously, the privileged few will never part with their privileges and the lesser ones will remain ignorant- at will or because of circumstances. How we all dance to the tune of the ‘Piper!' What to do and where do we go from here are the imperatives that will decide on who we really are. ‘Identity' at our local level seems to have hit rock bottom. We take pleasure in patronizing our tribe. Any issues or events that arise are patently smeared with tendency of tribalism. Though many love to bask in the glory of "the only state in India with English as the official language" yet, our minds have not evolved beyond the narrow domestic borders of "tribalism". A deeper analysis to our existence might perhaps answer to queries like what is Naga? Who is a Naga? Who is more

Naga and who is lesser? Do we have an iota of a chance to put our larger identity issue to the forefront and demand for our right(s) as a unit? Our boundary, which many critque as an artificial boundary, but also the only exclusively demarcated land known to exist for Nagas alone, now stand at the crossroad to further widen the chasm of division and separation. Regionalism, tribalism, and the diabolic voice of egocentric entities have taken precedence over sentience and the "Original Cause." Sadly, we are the witnessing generations of such degenerations. Our cause of self-determination is already hijacked by our fraudulent "leaders" who can only claim that "secret talks" with the "enemy" is the only achievement so far. Immediately after the not-so-glamorous "Framework Agreement" killings and skirmishes started all-out in different areas of Nagaland. No one knows about whether this agreement will lead us to self-determination in the lines of our earlier nation workers. However, one thing is for sure, people in Nagaland are nauseously sick of being "disturbed" in the name of "nation", hence, on many instances the present ‘nation workers' are rusticated from different areas in Nagaland. This is our existential crisis- identity from within and without is going through turbulent days. As much as tradition and culture are important to maintain our uniqueness, the hard fact remains that the "awe and shock" of modernity is overwhelming, and can be an onslaught on tradition on many instances. How much is gained and how much is lost in the process of experiencing modernity is worth ‘cogitating'. We see transformations everywhere. Fashion is always latest, gadgets are always updated, mother-tongue is strangulated at the altar of foreign-tongue, there is a mass migration of youngsters to other towns and cities for better job opportunities, education, and other amenities. While fashion, music, sports, technology and other modern facilities have taken over the society by storm, the real essence of what modernity is all about is yet to be experienced and seen on many levels. We seem to have grasped all the symbols of modernity but have never imbibed its true spirit. This is the reason why the ‘best dressed' young person in the streets of Nagaland holding the latest gadgets will not be able to hold a decent understanding. The ‘next' generations are grappling with the transition of past into present and to keep a balance between the two. Anything to do with tradition and culture seems to stand directly against their interests- an indomitable challenge to their "enlightened self" transported from their parents' era to embarrass them in front of friends and strangers.

The evanescence of cultural and traditional practices among the future generation is ideally illustrated by the fact that it has become a matter of ritual and a mere symbol to perform any traditional or cultural songs or dances, dramas, or even to wear traditional attires. Therefore, we have "Nagamese" attired in western clothes on colored eyes and dyed hair without understanding where they come from and where are they going. Our situation is best explained by Homi K Bhabha in his notion of mimicry where the post-colonial colonies imitate the colonial practices either by sheer habit or because the marginalized communities are totally denied of their choices and the only choice given is the one devised by the oppressor’s. No culture and traditions are free from flaws and follies. What was relevant then can become obsolete now or in the future. Wistfully, our society seems to have lost in transition where the harmonious blending of past and present for the future has taken a dilapidated road, like that "much taken potholefilled roads" of Nagaland- uneven. Despite the whole-hearted acceptance of westernization in its "imperialistic" form, we have not learned to accept and incorporate the positive aspects of progress. Ultimately, this is what our HRD indices say- the market is infested with educated but unemployed youths; any private undertakings and entrepreneurship gets thwarted because of insurmountable taxation; institutions established for looking after the public well-being are controlled and navigated by ignoble cadgers and demagogues; basic amenities that indicates the progress and advancement of a place remain in dilapidated condition with little or no scope of improvement; providing good healthcare system seems light years away. And finally education, the most important aspect of a progressive society, seems to have reached a plateau of dormancy in Nagaland. The system is faulty and the products incomplete, hence the mass migration of students to other parts of the country in tens and thousands every year. Our curriculum does not equip the young ones to face modern challenges, nor does it help in imparting the basics of our culture and tradition. Our basic and primary education requires heartfelt attention where the 3R's and rote should not be the sole mode of teaching. Almost every educated student from Nagaland wants to sit for NPSC/UPSC. The hilarious matter of fact is, our kind of education system does not have the endowment to equip the youngsters with the right knowledge and tools to confront the challenges relentlessly spewed by the rapid changing environment. From our basic and primary education to the higher education

system, the fault-lines are glaring. The reason as to why technocracy, bureaucracy, democracy and every state machinery seem to have failed without leaving any scope of light at the end of an eternal dismal tunnel. We are wallowing in the interminable thought of "I, me, and myself". It will be harsh and impolite to pin point personalities, who with much love and care, have usurped the wealth of our state. The love and care being viciously circulated within their kith and kin. How some family(ies) and their tie(s) become excruciatingly rich and mighty in some few months! Why do we live as mute spectators to such flagrant activities is worth ‘cogitating'. Perhaps we fear? Do we feel pity? Are we showing mercy? Or are we partners in crime? As the rich get richer and poor get poorer; as our dear State gets marauded and mauled over by hungry wolves; as our identity, culture, tradition, education, and other progressive institutions gets squashed within the above-mentioned anomalies; it is time to retrospect and make reparations for our inconsiderate ways and idiocies. We want to progress, therefore, whatever is Western and modern are fastidiously emulated without considering the crux of the matter. On the other hand, we also emphasize a great deal on preservation of culture and tradition. Simply, there are practices which hold greater value now than ever, but there are also practices which need revamping. A fine example is the issue of the role of women in decision-making processes, vehemently opposed in the name of tradition and culture. We are our best judge. We know which areas need urgent enforcement and positive changes. In any case, we seem to have very less care about our tradition and culture, whatsoever. The key is to hold a balance, which we, the people of Nagaland, have not learned and mastered. Nevertheless, it is the opportune time now to think and decide ‘who should be' and ‘what should be' the constitutions and components that Nagaland should encapsulate. We find it difficult to differentiate between our social selves (Westernity, dyed hair etc.) and our emotional selves (our Naganess). The two aspects gets horribly mixed up, whereby the most aggressive and unattractive elements of both aspects survive in the tussle. An Indian English writer Raja Rao said English is his intellectual language and vernacular is his emotional language. This synthesis is missing in our people. We might forever battle to decipher the meaning of the word "Naga", while our bone, flesh, and blood takes in ‘western and modern' DNA to a point of no return. Toshi Longkumer, New Delhi

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

thursday 08•10•2015

Was sexually harassed by Hollywood executive: Ashley


Oodles Preschool & Daycare Kohima observed Cultural Day, inorder to instill cultural and traditional values among the students on October 7. Both students and teachers observed the day by adorning traditional attires. The students were reminded of the significance of the day and about different cultures and traditions in Nagaland.

‘Bajrangi Bhaijaan’ gets standing ovation at Busan


fter enthralling the audience in India, Salman Khan’s “Bajrangi Bhaijaan” has reportedly impressed an audience of 5,000 people at the Busan International Film Festival (BIFF). “Bajrangi Bhaijaan” was screened at the 20th Busan International Film Festival as “Brother Bajrangi” on Tuesday night and it was a housefull show. All the 5,000 tickets were sold out and the Salman Khan starrer apparently received a standing ovation by all present in the theatre. “Bajrangi Bhaijaan” director Kabir

Khan first shared a photo on Twitter on Tuesday, informing about the screening of the film at Asia’s most prestigious film festival in South Korea. The director then shared another picture from inside the theatre and stated that all the tickets were sold out. Excited Kabir Khan finally shared a photo of the audience, who were left impressed after watching the film. Salman Khan’s “Bajrangi Bhaijaan” turned out to be one of the biggest blockbusters of all time as it took the box office by storm both in India and overseas. The film was re-

leased on 17 July and it also featured Kareena Kapoor Khan, Nawazuddin Siddiqui and Harshaali Malhotra in key roles. It was based on a mute Pakistani girl who gets lost in India. Then, an Indian comes to her rescue and fights all odds to help her reach her family in the neighbouring country. Salman will next be seen in “Prem Ratan Dhan Payo”, which is slated to be released on 12 November. Following “Prem Ratan Dhan Payo”, the actor will play the role of a wrestler in “Sultan”, which will hit the screens on Eid next year.

ctress Ashley Judd has revealed that she was sexually harassed by a top Hollywood studio executive. The 47-year-old actress says she was repeatedly summoned to hotel rooms while filming the 1997 film “Kiss the Girls” by the head of a rival studio and asked to watch him shower. She did not name the person, reports mirror.co.uk. The “Divergent” actress said: “He was very stealth and expert about it. He groomed me, which is a technical term - ‘Oh, come meet at the hotel for something to eat’. “It went on in these stages. It was so disgusting. He physically lured me by saying, ‘Oh, help me pick out what I’m going to wear’. There was a lot that happened between the point of entry and the bargaining. “When I kept saying no to everything, there was a huge asymmetry of power and control in that room.” Judd discovered years later that a number of other actresses also experienced the same thing. “Only when we were sitting around talking about it did we realise our experiences were identical. There was a mutual strengthening and fortification of our resolve. “The ultimate thing when I was weaseling out of everything else was, ‘Will you watch me take a shower?’ And all the other women, sitting around this table with me, said, ‘Oh my god - that’s what he said to me too’,” Judd told variety.com. The star, who has never been offered a movie by the executive’s studio, went on to say she beat herself up for a while following the incident, before realising there was something “incredibly wrong and illegal about it”.

Tom Hanks breaks silence I go back home to a normal person: Shahid on Mira on son’s drug addiction


hen actor Shahid Kapoor announced earlier this year that he was marrying Delhi-based Mira Rajput, industrywallahs were left a little puzzled. Who was Mira Rajput? It appeared that not only was she a Bollywood outsider, she was not even from Shahid’s “social circuit”, as the Shaandaar actor says in an interview to Hindustan Times. “Kya? Kaun? Yeh kaun hai?,” was the general reaction, says Shahid. Now, three months after their July wedding, Shahid speaks about life with Mira. Shahid, whose dating history includes actress Kareena Kapoor as well as (possibly) Vidya Balan and Priyanka Chopra, told Hindustan Times that he’s loving his ‘normal’ life. “I used to tell myself, “I have been in relationships with celebrities, but maybe, it might be interesting to be with someone who isn’t a celebrity.” And one year later, I got married to someone who is a normal girl (laughs). I love the fact that I go back home to a normal person, who talks about normal things; and who sometimes tells me, “I’m not interested in what’s happening in your industry. Let’s discuss what we are doing for lunch tomorrow or where are we going.” It’s great and very healthy,” he said. Shahid and Mira met through the spiritual group Radha Soami Satsang, to which both their families belong. What about shaadi ke side effects? “I am in a very happy space. It’s a new beginning. Everything changes after marriage. You become a man. You feel responsible. From now on, I will probably take more sensible decisions. I won’t be rash. The sense of freedom has now turned into a sense of responsibility. Even when I am deciding on a film, I feel, ‘If it goes wrong, it won’t just impact me; it will affect my home and my wife as well’,” said Shahid. Shahid married Mira in an intimate ceremony in Delhi on July 7, which was followed by a reception. Soon after, the newlyweds hosted a reception for their Bollywood circle in Mumbai.


wo-time Oscar winner Tom Hanks has broken his silence on the drug addiction of his son Chet, saying he applauds the way his child shared his issues with the world. During the premiere of his newest movie “Bridge of Spies” here, the actor applauded Chet’s courage. “As a parent, you love your kids unconditionally. You support them every step of the way. You got to applaud the bravery and honesty when it actually comes out of your own house,” Tom told Entertainment Tonight, reports aceshowbiz.com. Chet, 26, an aspiring rapper, had opened up on his personal struggles on social media. He had spoken about his journey of self discovery on Instagram, explaining that having a famous father made it difficult for him to find a place where he could fit in. “There’s nothing glorious about bringing yourself closer to death and prison. If you’re struggling with this sh*t take yourself to a meeting, you know? Call some people,” he had said.


Beyonce, Rihanna, others sue Paris firm over clothing knockoffs Gauri Khan hits right notes with global audio brand deal



eyonce, Jay Z, Kanye West, Pharrell Williams and Rihanna have teamed up to sue a Paris clothing retailer they say has been “brazenly” selling shirts, hats, backpacks, cellphone cases, and other items featuring their likenesses without permission. The complaint filed on Tuesday in federal court in New York said ElevenParis has ignored the singers’ warnings to stop the sales, including in a store in Manhattan’s Soho district, and on its website. The artists accused ElevenParis and its affiliates of being “habitual, wilful intellectual property infringers that, without authorization, usurp the trademarks, copyrights and other rights of A-list celebrities.” ElevenParis did not immediately respond to a request for comment. The challenged products include clothing bearing the singers’ faces, phrases such as “Kanye is my Homie” and “Pharrell is my Brotha,” and Beyonce and Rihanna song lyrics. ElevenParis’ actions “have caused and are causing immediate irreparable harm” to the plaintiffs, who seek to recoup profits and triple dam-

auri Khan, entrepreneur and wife of Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan, is happy to collaborate with international high-end audio brand Steinway Lyngdorf. She says the brand will give a ‘technological’ edge to her design space. After opening their flagship showroom in Delhi earlier this year, Peter Lyngdorf, founder of the Danish-company Steinway Lyngdorf, sealed the collaboration with Gauri here. “I am happy to collaborate with Steinway Lyngdorf. Since the inception of my studio, it has been my effort to offer distinctive, defining pieces that add to the aesthetic appeal of spaces,” Gauri told IANS. Lyngdorf was accompanied by Monica-Sambhriya Parikh and Harshul Parikh, owners of Trescent Lifestyles, one of the leaders in providing high-end home theatres, audio-video

ages over the allegations of trademark infringement and violations of their rights of publicity, the complaint said. Each of the artists also has their own clothing lines or collaborations with apparel manufacturers, the complaint said, generating “hundreds of millions of dollars” in sales.

Robbie planning acting career


obbie Williams has revealed he plans to become a TV actor and is currently working on an idea for a new show. The 41-year-old singer has revealed he could be set to take a break from music next year in order to pursue a career on the small screen. He explained: ‘’I’ve got a few irons in the fire that aren’t necessarily musical. Nothing solid yet but it would involve TV. ‘’Yeah, acting. I shouldn’t have said anything because I can’t say anything.’’ The ‘Angels’ hitmaker - who has Theodora, three, and 11-month-old Charlton with his actress wife Ayda Field - teased he will also be involved in creating the show, as well as starring in it, if it goes ahead. Speaking ahead of his ‘Let Me Entertain You’ tour in Australia, he said: ‘’I’ve got an idea for a TV show that I want to do. It may or may not happen - and at the moment it is happening and I’m excited about it.’’ Robbie has previously been rumoured to appear on TV as a talent show judge, but earlier this year denied he would be taking a role on British singing competition ‘The X Factor’. He tweeted at the time: ‘’Said it once, I’ll say it again: I’m unequivocally not doing X-Factor. Good luck to the show though. (sic)’’

and home automation solutions. The global company is known for delivering high performance digital sound systems, combining design artistry and the finest craftsmanship with perfected technology. Gauri feels “Steinway Lyngdorf offer best in class audio-video technology” and it will “fit in beautifully with her mission of enhancing the home or office environments”. Through the collaboration with Gauri, interested consumers can get a demo of Steinway Lyngdorf S-Series sound system, which has been installed in her design studio in Bandra here. For bigger sound systems, they can take suggestions from Peter, and arrive at a decision. Harshul Parikh believes “with the technology from Steinway Lyngdorf and creative from Gauri Khan’s design studio, one can expect nothing less than extraordinary.”

Keanu Reeves selling self for charity


he 51-year-old unveiled himself as one of the fantasy gifts in the 89th annual Neiman Marcus’ Christmas Book on Tuesday. For just $150,000, punters can book the actor for a two day motorcycle ride around California - and they get to keep the custom bike he co-designed. The Matrix star was in Dallas to unveil the Christmas catalogue, which includes ten other luxury pressies such as a ‘dream trip’ to India costing $400,000 and a balloon trip to the edge of space for $90,000. ‘What happens when a movie star with a passion for motorcycles walks into the shop of an acclaimed custom bike builder? They create the bike of their dreams (and yours),’ the brochure boasts. The Arch Motorcycle Company, made up of Reeves and bike designer Gard Hollinger, created the 121 horsepower KRGT-1, which is based on a bike the two worked for five years on for the star’s personal use - and which he now considers ‘the best bike on the planet’. ‘For Neiman Marcus, we added performance enhancements, so it’s got a sportier frame, engine and suspension,’ Reeves explained. But Christmas shoppers who snap up one of the three Arch Motorcycle & Ride Experiences available don’t just get the bike. As well as a three night stay in a suite at Santa Monica’s Shutters on the Beach, the buyer and a guest get to have breakfast with Reeves and Hollinger before going on a days ride through the Santa Monica mountains, before stopping off at a beachside café in Malibu. The following day the foursome go for a cruise around Angeles Crest National Forest, followed by lunch, and then a ‘final ride’. Other fantasy gifts in the Christmas book include a whiskey tasting tour at the Stitzel-Weller Distillery in Louisville, Kentucky, sampling long forgotten and recently rediscovered barrels which can never be recreated, for $125,000. Alternatively shoppers can snag a trio of guitars belonging to Steve Miller, Lyle Lovett and ZZ Top’s Billy Gibbons for $30,000 a piece, which are picked up backstage at a respective gig of each musician. For each fantasy gift bought, Neiman Marcus will donate between $1,000 and $15,000 to charity.


thursDAY 08•10•2015



MDFA Trophy 2015

Fusion FC defeats YAM; Arrjusanger FC strikers scores hattricks

Atletico De Kolkata players are hit with the ball in their match against Goa FC at the ongoing Indian Super League. The match ended in a 1-1 draw.



Penalty shoot-out

kohiMa, october 7 (Mexn): The 10th Northern Angami-1 NPF is organizing penalty shootout cum get together of all party office bearers, active members from 10th N/A1 A/C and well wishers of the party on October 10 at 9:30 AM at Indira Gandhi Stadium, Kohima. The day will be marked by penalty shoot-out of all sectors and frontal wings under 10th N/A-1 A/C and musical entertainment.

Police dept to organize marathon

kohiMa, october 7 (DiPr): As part of its community policing initiative and in an effort to connect with the people, the Police Department is organizing a 10.5km and a 5km run on November 28 in Kohima town under the theme ‘Engaging citizensbridging the gap’. There will be two categories: 10.5 km – (anyone above the age of 18 years can participate) and 5 km- (anyone aged between 14 yrs and 18 yrs can participate). According to SP Crime & PRO, M Tungoe there will be cash and consolation prizes in both the categories. Entry will be free. Registration will be compulsory. Participation will be purely voluntary and the last date of registration will be 20/11/2015. For registration form download and submission, one may visit the department website https:// www.nagapol.gov.in for more details.

3rd Open Kohima District Volleyball Tournament 2015

kohiMa, october 7 (Mexn): In view of the forthcoming 3rd Open Kohima District Volleyball Tournament 2015, a joint meeting of the Kohima District Volleyball Association (KDVA) executives, tournament committee members, newly inducted KDVA members and qualified volleyball referees took place here at Congress Bhavan today. The meeting discussed various matters relating to the forthcoming tournament and sought active involvement of all the concerned members towards the success of the tournament. The tournament

will take place from October 22 to 24 at the Kohima Local Ground. Entry form has been made available at Sports World, Old Taxi Stand and Equipment & Sports, Razhu Point, Kohima. Entry fee of Rs. 2500 shall be charged from each participating team. Entry fee with ID passport photo (Stamp size) of the players, along with team flag and players list in the prescribed form must be submitted on or before October 17. All teams should consist strictly of local players from Kohima district. Meanwhile, the KDVA has also extended invita-

tion to colony/ward/association/society/club, students union including schools and colleges within Kohima town to take part in the tournament. The champion in men's category will pocket a cash prize of Rs. 30,000 while runner-up will receive Rs. 20,000. Semi finalists will also get Rs. 5000 each. In women's category, the champion will be awarded with a cash prize of Rs. 20,000 while runnerup will get Rs. 10,000. Semi finalists will receive Rs. 5000 each. A cash prize of Rs. 2000 has been set for best spiker and best setter in both categories.

Mokokchung, october 7 (Mexn): The second day of the ongoing XXI MDFA Trophy 2015 witnessed an exciting match between defending champions Fusion FC and Youth Association Merepkong XI (YAM) in the first match and between Arrjusanger Football Club and Youngsters Football Club in the second match which witnessed two hat-tricks by Arrjusanger FC players. In the first match between Fusion FC and Youth Association Merepkong XI (YAM), the match was evenly contested. The defending champions were left dumbstruck in the first opening minutes as the Youth Association Merepkong striker, Lanuakum (jersey no 5) breached the defense line of Fusion FC and netted the first goal in the fifth minute. But, the Fusion FC quickly recovered and made a concerted counterattack. Their attacks were rewarded in the 32nd minute when Kilang (jersey no 15) scored a goal and evened the scorecard. The second half witnessed more vigor from the Fusion FC team. The second goal for the defending champions was scored by Mathung (jersey no 7) in the 40th minute. The Fusion FC completely dominated the second half of the match and in the 47th minute, Kilang (jersey no 15) again scored the third goal for the team and the second to his hat. But the YAM team also tried to even the score and tried their best.

A match between Fusion FC and YAM at the ongoing XXI MDFA Trophy 2015 at Imkongmeren Sports Complex, Mokokchung on Wednesday, October 7. (Photo by Temjenlemba Longchar)

But, as the Fusion FC were entering the danger zone, a YAM defender tripped a Fusion striker just outside the D-Box. A yellow card was awarded, a free kick from just outside the D-Box kicked by Bamdi (jersey no 8) zoomed over the YAM denense wall and right into the net in the 51st minute. Barely ten minutes later, Fusion Striker Daniel (jersey no 2) netted the fifth goal for Fusion in the 61st minute. The YAM team tried their best and their efforts paid off when Toshipokba (jersey no 8) scored the second goal for Merepkong in the 67th minute after breaching the Fusion defenses and a helpless goalkeeper unable to stop the goal. There was an added time of two minutes, and in the last minutes, Fusion

FC striker kicked a strong shot which deflected on the bar, and Daniel (jersey no 2) scored the last and sixth goal for the Fusion FC. There was a a couple of chances for the Merepkong team but they could not invest on it. At the end, the score ended at Fusion FC – 6 and YAM – 2. The second match between Arrjusanger FC and Youngsters FC was completely dominated by the Arrjusanger. New entrants, Youngsters FC team, barely out of their teens, were completely dominated by the Arrjusanger team the entire game. The Youngsters players could not match with the the strategy, the stamina, and the play of the Arrjusanger team. Goals rained on the Youngsters FC team, and at the end the Arrjusanger

team scored twelve goals. Had it not been for the Youngsters FC goalkeeper, there would have been more goals simply because the Youngsters FC defense was in disarray, if not, nonexistent. The trophy also witnessed the first hattrick by Arrjusanger striker Nokcha (jersey no 9) who reaped a staggering five goals. The second hat-trick was scored by Arrjusanger (jersey no 7) who also four goals. To the credit of the Youngsters’ team, a lone goal was scored by Bendangrenba (jersey number 12) in the 27th minute.


Thursday’s matches 1st Match: Walunir Retsung Artang Vs B-Squad F/C 2nd Match: Sports Society Suyim Vs Onet Korang S/C

55 villages to come together through sports


Morung Express News Dimapur | October 7

An upcoming mega sports meet will for the first time bring 55 villages under EAC Chumukedima Circle together under one umbrella. Organized by EAC Chumukedima in association with Chumukedima Area Village Council Association (CAVCA), the sports meet will be held from October 17-24 under the theme “Play for unity.” At a press conference held Wednesday, EAC Chumukedima, Thungbemo Patton and organizing committee members of sports meet, said the objectives of the sports meet are to promote unity amongst the villages and tribes, to promote and showcase tribal culture and village identity, to control social problems amongst different tribes and villages, to create an environment of friendship and oneness amongst different tribes and villages and, to give an opportunity to sportspersons to exhibit

EAC Chumukedima, Thungbemo Patton, and office bearers Chumukedima Area Village Council Association (CAVCA) at a press conference to announce the mega sports week of 55 villages under EAC Chumukedima circle.

their talent. The sports meet will have two disciplines - football for men and volleyball for women. Both the opening and closing ceremonies will be held at Sovima Cricket Stadium. In the inaugural ceremony, Lok Sabha MP, Neiphiu Rio will be the chief guest and parliamentary secretary for Irrigation & Flood Control, Jacob Zhimomi, the guest of honour. Nagaland Governor, PB

Acharya, and advisor, Urban Development, SI Jamir, will be the chief guest and guest of honour respectively in the closing ceremony. The 55 participating villages are divided into four groups and the football and volleyball matches will be played at four venues – Diphupar ‘A’ village ground, Chekiye village ground, Diphupar ‘B’ village ground and Chumukedima town ground.

In football, the champion, first runner up and second runner up will receive cash prizes of Rs. 1 lakh, Rs. 50,000 and Rs, 30,000 respectively and in volleyball, the top three teams will receive cash prizes of Rs. 70,000, Rs. 40,000 and Rs. 20,000 respectively, the organizers informed. The final and semi-final matches will be played at Chumukedima town ground.


Addax FC, Pro-Streax United move to quarter finals Our Correspondent Kohima | October 7



Addax FC and Pro-Streax United Dimapur today moved to quarter finals after registering win in the respective pre-quarter final matches of the ongoing 16th NSF Martyrs' Memorial Trophy 2015 here organised by Angami Students’ Union (ASU) in memory of Lt. Kekuojalie Sachü & Lt. Vikhozo Yhoshu. Addax FC trounced Tiema-Khe, Kidima 4-2 via –tie break in the first match of the day. Lesazol netted a goal for Tiema-Khe in the 38th minute. The equalizer for Addax FC came through the boot of C. Huang in the 55th minute. Addax FC sealed the victory box 4-2 via tie-break and booked quarter final berth. Pro-Streax United Dimapur downed Meriema Village YO 2-1. Securing both the goal from Meren in the 21st and 47th minute, Pro-Streax United now confirmed a ticket for quarter finals. A lone goal for Meriema Village YO came through Petevizo Kezie-o in the 55th minute.




Ist Match (12:30 AM): Headwinds FC Kohima vs Nagabazar Youth Org 2nd Match (2:00 PM): M.T Youth Club Kohima vs Senapati FC Manipur

The match in action between Pro-Streax United Dimapur and Meriema Village YO on October 7. (Morung Photo)

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