August 6th, 2015

Page 1


The Morung Express

Dimapur Vol. X issuE 213


Thursday, August 6, 2015 12 Pages Rs. 4

Conservatives are not necessarily stupid, but most stupid people are conservatives —John Stuart Mill

No clean chit to Maggi, says food safety watchdog

NU SASRD students placed under RAWEP programme

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By Sandemo Ngullie

sweet lord! More waiting... C Y K

The Morung Express Poll QuEsTion

Vote on sMs your answer to 9862574165 Is reconciliation and unity among the Nagas a primary requirement in resolving the IndoNaga political issue? Yes



GPRN/NSCN hands cadre over to dist admin C M Y K

DIMAPUR, AUGUST 5 (MExN): The GPRN/ NSCN, in an order released from the GSO-1 (Adm) informed that it has terminated ‘Major’ Akato, s/o Hoito of Ghathashi village under Sumi Region from national service for violating the Army rules and regulations for his involvement in killing of one Ashish Saha on August 2 in Dimapur. “And hence hands him over to the district administraiton through the ceasefire monitoring office for further inquirry and justice,” the MIP release stated.

PHED requests Kohima public on water supply



KOhIMA, AUGUST 5 (MExN): The Department of Public Health Engineering (PHE) today made an appeal to the citizens of Kohima availing water supply from the department to standardize their connection by submitting complete proof of residential address along with contact numbers to facilitate better communication and prompt attention to complaints and delivery of water tax bills. A press release issued by Executive Engineer, Kohima Urban Division, Er.Vikeduolie Mepfhuo informed that the required docuuments can be submitted to the office of the Junior Engineer or Executive Engineer (Urban) Division near Kohima head post office from August 10 to September 20. The release also asked those availing PHE water supply but do not get water bills to come forward and inform the right authority for corrective measures while cautioning that such cases shall be treated as ‘illegal consumers’ which in turn will incur huge penalty and legal action, besides disconnection. Further, the department informed that any complaints will be entertained at various section officers of the Junior Engineer from 9 am to 10:30 am during working days.

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is nagaland plagued by backdoor appointment?



Wasim Akram shot at in Karachi, survives unhurt

local residents carry containers to fetch water at a well in Myauk u, Rakhine state, western Myanma. new devastation is feared in Myanmar as water from the badly flooded central and northern regions flows down rivers to the country’s more populous areas. Officials say the death toll from weeks of almost continuous rain is 46, with more than 200,000 people affected by flooding in 11 of the country’s 14 states and divisions. (AP Photo)

‘Naga Peace Accord will not bypass sentiments of neighbouring states’ our Correspondent Imphal | August 5

Union Minister of State for Home, Kiren Rijiju arrived in Manipur on Wednesday to review the current law and order situation and to assess flood and landslide damage in the state. Rijiju was accompanied by Minister of Sate in the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) Jitendra Singh and an eight-member national media team. His visit assumed significance especially against the backdrop of the ‘framework agreement’ signed between the Government of India and NSCN (IM) in New Delhi on August 3. In reply to a query, Rijiju asserted that the Centre would not hurt the interests of Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh by disturbing their territorial integrity. “Sentiments of people of North-

east states neighbouring Nagaland will not be bypassed while implementing the peace accord signed between the Centre and NSCN(IM),”the Union Minister told newsmen at Tulihal airport here. He pointed out that the Centre would also see to the sentiments of the

port soon after their arrival to assess the flood situation. More than 20 people have died in landslide and flood in Manipur in the past few days. Over 60 villages in the low lying areas of Chandel, Thoubal and Bishnupur districts are still surrounded by flood water. The flood water has already receded in these districts as there has been no rain for the past three days, but thousands of people remain marooned. People are taking shelter at relief camps. As of now, the Manipur Government is yet to officially announce relief for the affected people. But some local MLAs and organizations are distributing relief supplies to several flood-hit areas. Incessant rains triggered a major landslide which buried Joumol in Chandel on August 1, killing 12 villagers. Joumol is a hamlet dominated by the Kuki people which is located close to Indo-Myanmar border.

Kiren Rijiju assesses flood situation, reviews law and order situation in Manipur people of Nagaland in implementing the accord as it has high regards for the uniqueness of their culture. Welcoming the Naga peace accord, he said it would bring in peace in the country in general and the North East region in particular. The Union Minister’s team, which arrived here in a one-day visit flew to Chandel district by an Indian Air Force MI-16 helicopter from the air-

DIMAPUR, AUGUST 5 (MExN): In continuation of its anti-corruption campaign against ‘backdoor’ appointment in Nagaland government departments, Against Corruption And Unabated Taxation (ACAUT) Nagaland on Wednesday alleged 36 appointments through ‘direct recruitment’ at the State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) department. SCERT is deemed as a ‘respectable’ government department entrusted with imparting training to teachers and lecturers. However, the RTI document received from the department speaks an altogether different story. ACAUT, putting forth the RTI reply received from SCERT for appointments to all the NPSC recruitable posts between the year 2010 and 2015 informed that the NPSC conducted exams for the post of 14 Lecturers or Class-I Gazetted post and 1 (one) post of Training-cum- Research Assistant (TRA) or Class-II Gazetted post and filled up accordingly. However, during the same period, the department appointed 3 Research Assistants (RA) or Class-I gazetted, 6 Trainingcum- Research Assistants or Class-II gazetted, 19 Lecturers or Class-I gazetted, and 8 Work Experience (WE) Teachers/ Technicians/Statistician or Class-II gazetted through ‘Direct Recruitment’. Thus, between 2010 and 2015, only 14 posts were filled up through NPSC while the rest 36 went through backdoor, ACAUT stated according to the reading of the RTI document. In a twist, the department in their RTI reply also justified its ‘direct appointments’ by squarely blaming the Nagaland Public Service Commission (NPSC) for not filling up the posts despite repeated request. The department claimed that it had requisitioned 16 post of TRA/Lecturer/RA to NPSC since 2011 for advertisement and selection of candidates- which include 9 post of TRA on 2011; 1 post of TRA and 5 post of lecturer in 2014 and 1 post of RA in 2015. It then alleged that NPSC was yet to advertise these posts till date. Asserting that the department cannot keep on waiting for the commission for indefinite period of time, the department said the government was compelled to make alternative arrangement for appointment on contract basis till the post were advertised and regularized through the public service commission. ACAUT, in the meantime, termed the

• ACAUT allege SCERT made 36 appointments by ‘direct recruitment’ between 2010-2015 • SCERT points finger at NPSC for not filling up the posts despite repeated request claim of the SCERT as ‘fallacious and misleading’ for the simple reason that the commission conducted exams for the posts of 14 Lecturer and 1 Training-cumResearch Assistant (TRA) in 2013. It pointed out that from the 3 requisition letters furnished, the SCERT produced only 1 requisition letter addressed to the Secretary, NPSC on May 19, 2014 requesting the NPSC to conduct exams for 5 posts of Lecturer and 1 post of TRA. ACAUT said the sheer duplicity of the department was exposed, as the documents revealed that 3 RAs out of 3 posts, 12 Lecturers out of 19 posts, 5 Trainingcum- Research Assistants out of 6 posts and 8 WE Teachers/Technicians/ and Statisticians out of 8 posts had already been appointed on March 1, 2014, almost 3 months before the issuance of the requisition letter. Later on, between May 28, 2014 and December 16, 2014, the department appointed 7 lecturers and 1 TRA, with 1 lecturer and 1 TRA appointed on May 28, 2014, barely 10 days after sending the NPSC requisition letter. Further reading from the RTI document, ACAUT stated that at no point of time did SCERT requisitioned the posts of ClassII gazetted such as WE Teachers/Technicians/ and Statisticians to the NPSC. “Such blatant machination is unheard of, especially for a department entrusted with imparting training to teachers and lecturers,” it said. In the light of allegation by the SCERT department, the NPSC is duty bound to issue a clarification, ACAUT stated. ACAUT reiterated that regardless of the requisition process or blame game, any Ad-hoc/contract appointment without advertisement, a due selection process and the finality of an open competitive examination to be conducted by NPSC will fall under the ambit of backdoor appointment and terminable ex-parte.



NE is an overlooked biodiversity hotspot ‘Middle way’ the answer to Tibetan issue

Dr. Rachunliu G. Kamei addressing students of Patkai Christian College on Wednesday. (Morung Photo)

Native field biologist Dr. Rachunliu G. Kamei conducts community education program Morung Express news Dimapur | August 5

The North East of the Indian subcontinent is host to two global biodiversity hotspots of the world: Himalaya and Indo Burma. Yet little is known about the species that inhabit the region. Native field biologist Dr. Rachunliu G. Kamei is now conducting a community education and awareness program on this biodiversity and, particularly, caecilians (legless amphibians), a first of its kind in the world. On August 5, she held one lecture as part of the program at Patkai Christian College, Nagaland University. It meant

to familiarise students with caecilians and inspire them to become biodiversity scientists and conservationists. “The North East is an overlooked hotspot of biodiversity, and caecilians are the least studied group of vertebrates globally,” she explained to the 300-odd students who attended her lecture today. Kamei has contributed greatly to the biodiversity knowledge of the region through the discovery and naming of six new species of caecilians, one new genus (Chikila), and one family (Chikilidae). She has rediscovered one species of caecilians in the region after 100 odd years. Outside her core research, she has discovered three new species and one genus of frogs. Kamei’s efforts are one of the world’s most extensive caecilians-dedicated surveys at-

tempted so far in the world. Thus, after more than 2500 person hours of soil digging surveys at more than 300 locations in the North East, she has addressed more than 5000 people in the last two years consisted of farming communities, schools, colleges, universities and bureaucrats sharing the need to conserve biodiversity in the North East. Caecilians discovered by her specially fall into this category as they live under the ground, and are often mistaken, through misconception among communities, as poisonous snakes which are then immediately killed. Habitat destruction, human population explosion and misconceptions are among the potential primary threats to caecilians. Policy initiatives have not yet recognised the need to understand or deliberately conserve these species. “The program aims to create awareness and generate sympathy towards animals and caecilians in the region,” said Kamei, who also gives live demonstrations to groups so that they can touch the animals without being afraid. “Children can go and tell their elders at home and friends, thereby teaching the entire community through this effort,” she held. Kamei is currently a MarieCurie Fellow (post doctoral research) being hosted by The Natural History Museum, London. The community education and conservation program is being funded by the Rufford Foundation.

‘Even if Tibet has been under occupation for 56 years, faith and fervour of Tibetans is alive and will remain so’

DhARAMSAlA, AUGUST 5 (IANS): Lobsang Sangay, political leader of the Tibetan government-in-exile, says the ‘middle way’ approach is still the best way to resolve the Tibetan issue. The 47-year-old also said that his government’s policy was to engage China to resume talks. “The ‘middle-way’ approach is still our policy. Regarding the talks, our stand is still the same,” Sangay, the elected head of the government-in-exile, who completes four years in office on August 8, told IANS in an interview. The “middle-way” approach seeks a resolution of the Tibetan issue within the framework of the Chinese constitution. Sangay said European Council president Donald Tusk called on China to resume a dialogue with representatives of the Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama. Earlier, the US told the Chinese government to hold direct and substantive discussions with the Dalai Lama or his representatives without preconditions. Also during the UN Human Rights Council’s 29th Session on June 24 in Geneva, concerns were expressed over the human rights situation in China including in Tibet, Sangay said. The first political successor to the Dalai Lama, Sangay categori-


cally said that there should be a dialogue “if the Tibetan issue is to be resolved peacefully”. The Dalai Lama fled Tibet with many of his supporters in 1959 and took refuge in India when the Chinese troops moved in and took control of Lhasa. Asked about his initiatives since he came to helm, Sangay said: “With the blessings of the Dalai Lama and solidarity of Tibetans inside and outside Tibet, the 14th Kashag (cabinet) has largely been able to carry out its responsibilities.” About human rights violations in Tibet, he said: “The death of Tulku Tenzin Delek Rinpoche recently is sad. This shows the continuing hardline policies of the Chinese government.” US lawmakers held a moment of silence last month, expressing sadness over the death in prison of Rinpoche, a Tibetan spiritual figure. Said Sangay: “Even if Tibet has been under occupation for 56 years, faith and

fervour of Tibetans is alive and will remain so.” He said despite material development, the people in Tibet were awaiting the return of the Dalai Lama. Sangay, who has never visited his ancestral land, said restrictions had been tightened on Tibetans with a grid-based surveillance system. Admitting that the Chinese government had built major infrastructures in Tibet, he said these were mainly concentrated in urban areas. “Since 90 percent of Chinese migrants work in urban areas, the primary beneficiaries are the Chinese migrants,” he added. The Tibetan exile administration is based in this northern hill town and is going to elect a set of new political leader next year. The preliminary election for the Sikyong (political leader) and members of the 16th Tibetan parliament will be held on October 18, and the final election on March 20, 2016.







6 August 2015

The Morung Express C

NU SASRD students placed under RAWEP programme


Kohima, august 5 (mExN): Kohima district has been selected for organising the Rural Agricultural Work Experience Programme (RAWEP) 2015 for the final year B. Sc (Agri) students of NU SASRD, Medziphema campus. This programme is jointly organised by NUSASRD and the Department of Agriculture, Government of Nagaland. The first RAWEP was started in the year 2003. RAWEP is an educational process that aims to hone the skills of the students, not only in the agricultural sector but also A man negotiates his motor cycle along with children after the school in the street of Dimapur on August 4. Photo by Caisii Mao in the all-round personal-

ity development through strengthening of interpersonal relations and communication skills, problem solving, teamwork, and character development. Under RAWEP, students are placed for a period of three months in selected villages. During their stay in village, students gain indepth practical experiences by conducting various field activities prioritizing the needs of the host farmers, baseline survey of the village as well as the selected host farmer’s agricultural activities. Students also organize exhibition as well

demonstrations for showing the benefits of adopting improved agricultural technologies in farmer’s field condition. RAWE students also enrich their knowledge from the indigenous technical knowledge possessed by the farmers. Students get technical guidance from the subject experts (SEs) for Crop and Livestock production, Plant protection, Soil management, Use of improved farm implements, Socio economic analysis, marketing and Technology transfer. A press note stated that a total of 57 students were


placed in Sakhabama, Kezo Basa, Kezoma and Kidima village on August 4 under Kohima district. DAO Kohima, Vizonyu Liezie, PS Seyievonuo and RAWEP coordinator Dr. KK Jha led the team for placing the RAWEP students in the selected villages. A meeting was organized in each of the selected villages wherein the respective Chairman Village Council, VDB Secretary, GB, youth leaders as well as host farmers including briefing about the activities to be taken up during the RAWE programme gave the students warm welcome.

Anti-Rabies Immunization camp at Mangkolemba held Adult teachers in Kiphire attend training

maNgKolEmba, august 5 (Dipr): The Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Department, Mokokchung, organized an Anti-Rabies Immunization camp at Mangkolemba town on August 4. Chief Veterinary Officer, Mokokchung, Dr. Mapu highlighted the various schemes and programmes avail to the public under the department. Reminding about the Prevention of cruelty to animals Act, Dr. Mapu informed the ne-

cessity of vaccinating the animals and to control them as it concerns public health and hazards. He further informed that since there is no ground staff at present at Mangkolemba office and the urgent need of a Veterinary dispensary, he urged the public to pursue the matter to the government for establishment of the said office. Appreciating the positive response during the immunization camp, he also urged them to continue the animal regis-

tration office in the town. ADC Mangkolemba, Imtiwapang, at the immunization camp stressed on the importance of the surveillance Monitoring Report of the animals and urged the people for their cooperation and participation for better functioning in the town as the Government alone cannot do wonders. He also thanked the CVO and his team, GB’s, Adhoc Town Council and the ward chairmen for the success of the camp. He

further urged the concern department to submit the surveillance Monitoring Report of the animals. The immunization camp was attended by CVO, Mokokchung Dr, Mapu, Dr. Tiachuba, VS and Dr. Aoyimsen VAS from Mokokchung, Dr. Longrionen, VAS, Tsutapela and Dr. Wopenthung, VAS, Lakhuni conducted the camp. Altogether around 300 dogs were vaccinated from the seven wards under Mangkolemba town.

MEx File



ANGTA President, Neizevotuo Nakhro in a press release stated that ANGTA will not be held responsible for one’s seniority issue if he/she had not submitted documents/fee mentioned above.

ANGCTA to wear “black band”

NHFRCC emergency meeting Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): The emergency meeting of the NHFRCC will be held on August 6 at 4:00 pm at Treasurer’s Residence to discuss the present status and ways and means of Fund mobilization towards Nagaland Foot Hill Road Project. NHFRCC General Secretary WY Kithan in a press release has requested all the NFHRCC members to attend positively.

NUVSU social work on August 8 Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): Students under Naga United Village are informed that there will be a mass social work on August 8 from 7:00 am-9:00 am from Showba road till Chathe Bridge. Therefore, the Naga United Village Students Union body has reminded all the students from class 5 and above to participate without fail. Attendance will be taken from their respective Khel by the respective in charges. All the students should gather at their own Khel roadside and work allocation will be given by the Khel In charges. For any queries contact: NUVSU secretary 8415015518, NUV Children ministry Supt 9089446930

SASU directives on selling of tobacco


Kiphire | August 5

Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): ANGTA has reminded all graduate teachers, whose services had been regularized from ad-hoc/contract basis, to submit their appointment orders, regularization orders with court fee Rs 2000 before August 23 to the following representatives:

Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): In solidarity with the call given by All India Federation of University & College Teachers’ Organisation (AIFUCTO) for a nationwide cease work and hunger strike on August 7, the All Nagaland Government College Teachers’ Association (ANGCTA) has resolved that all the members shall wear “black band” on the day during the course of performance of duty. A press release issued by ANGCTA president Kavili Jakhalu and general secretary Dr T Jamedi Longkumer said that the call has been made demanding formation of 7th pay review committee, Ministers’ approval to UGC decisions regarding amendment of UGC Regulations 2010 and Ph. D regularization, scrapping API and other urgent issues.


Morung Express News

ANGTA remind graduate teachers

• Kohima- Martina (GHSS Kohima, 9856162884) • Dimapur- Neizevotuo (GHSS Dimapur, 8413869775) • Zunheboto - Phuto Chishi (GHS Kilomi, 9436076972) • Mokokchung- Imkongsashi (Mayangnokcha GHSS, 8014059352) • Wokha- Nimathung (GHS Sanis, 8415834337) • Phek- Neihete (GHSS Phek, 8732892685) • Peren- Paunamdile (GHS Peren, 9436803276) • Tuensang- Yongkongchang (DEO Tuensang, 9612370195) • Kiphire- Tsupongla (SDEO, 9612512292) • Mon- Welu (GHSS Mon, 9612772030) • Longleng- Lome (GHS Nyengching, 9862833471) C

Participants with others during the training programme for PRERAKS under Saakshar Bharat Program held at Hopongkyu Memorial Hall Kiphire on August 5. (Morung Photo)

Kohima, august 5 (mExN): The Southern Angami Students' Union (SASU) taking into account the welfare of the students and the public, has informed all the shop owners under the Southern Angami area to refrain from selling of tobacco and related products (Cigarette, pan, pan masal, ghutka etc) within hundred meters (100 mtr) of the educational institutions. A press note issued by Teisovi Thorie, President and Vizovoto Yhoshü, Information & Publicity Secretary has also appealed all the educational institutions to refrain from imposing any monetary fine on the students under its jurisdiction as every individual or parents are not of the same stand.

With the theme ‘Sing & Learn with Faith’, Junior Catholic Youth Association Jakhama conducted Annual Camp from July 31 to August 2 at Campion School campus with 115 Jr CYAJ campers. Basics in Tonic Sol-fa referring the ‘Tenyi Thouko’ hymn book, Faith: basic foundation and today's influence, debate competition, introduction to Jesus Youth International Movement were some of the highlights of the camp.

One-day training programme for PRERAKS under Saakshar Bharat Program, organized by the District Literacy Mission Authority Kiphire, was held at Hopongkyu Memorial Hall Kiphire with adult teachers from all the blocks. Speaking at the programme, Deenapandhu Panda, DEO Kiphire highlighting the activities of the programme said that as per 2011 census there are 320 districts in the country with literacy rate below the country’s average. “To increase the literacy rate in the country, this pro-

gramme was launched,” the DEO said while adding that in Nagaland there are only four districts with this programme. The DEO asked the adult teachers to help the fellow villagers who are not literate to help them read and write. The DEO also said that earlier the teachers taught only for any three days a week at any places depending upon the need of the locality but now the government has appointed another teacher and with this there will be regular classes every day and exam has to be conducted twice a year. He also asked the adult teachers to be sincere and dedicated in

performing their duties and added, “your job is not a regular Job but it is voluntary service and your remuneration will be paid even if it is delayed.” The DEO also disclosed that there will be skill development programme setting up in all the centers depending on the performance the centers and asked the teachers to be sincere to get this opportunity. In technical session, Liseba sangtam, Sitimi Block Co-ordinator, Naro Kiphire Block Coordinator, Kinan Pungro Block Coordinator, Rangkha supervisor and Kijingse supervisor spoke on various topics on PRERAKS.

TGOUN to display Kiphire DPDB monthly meeting conducted ‘Colors of northeast’

Kohima, august 5 (mExN): The fashion technology department of The Global Open University Nagaland (TGOUN) is presenting its 4th Annual Fashion Show 2015 under the theme “Colors of Northeast” on August 20 at 1936, de Oriental Grand, Themezie, High School Road, Kohima. This 4th edition fashion show is supported by de Oriental Grand. According to its concept on “Colors of northeast,” it aims to inspire and also to showcase the creative talent of upcoming fashion designers. The annual fashion show will highlight today’s fashion trends and also include a wide variety of styles. The show will strive to create an ideal ambience and platform to showcase the creativity of upcoming fashion designers. This annual fashion show will not purely be for the benefit of the students of the department/university. The show will also aim to challenge and inspire the imagination and creative ability of the audience. Top models from the north east will walk the ramp. All the participants will be awarded a certificate from TGOUN. The students award category will be based on the judgment by an expert panel of jury.

“This impending Fashion Show is an important part of the students’ curriculum as they will be given a chance to showcase and express all they have learned during the past academic years,” stated event coordinator Sentitola Ao. TGOUN was legislated by the Government of Nagaland under The Global Open University Act 2006 (Act 3 of 2006) and received the assent of the Governor of Nagaland on 30th August 2006 vide notification number Law/Act -10/2006 on 18th September 2006. This university was established with the aim to introduce vocational, job oriented and employment centric education in the north east region, particularly in Nagaland. At present, the university has developed three campuses in Nagaland, namely Kohima, Dimapur and Wokha. The Department of Fashion Technology was established under TGOUN and was formally inaugurated on the 4th November 2009 by Lalthara, the then chief secretary of Nagaland. Launching this department was made possible as a result of an academic collaboration with the International Institute of Fashion Technology (IIFT) based in Delhi.



A. Chumremo Odyuo, DPDB vice chairman and DC Kiphire addresses the monthly meeting of Kiphire District Planning and Development Board. (Morung Photo) Morung Express News the officers present to submit and warned on failure to subKiphire | August 5

The monthly meeting of Kiphire District Planning and Development Board was held at the Conference Hall of the Deputy Commissioner with A. Chumremo Odyuo, DPDB vice chairman and DC Kiphire chairing the meeting. Addressing the meeting Odyuo welcomed the officers present and reviewed before proceeding to the agendas for the month. The DC reminded

necessary documents at the earliest, as follow up of the work charge and casual employee verification carried out last year. He said that around ten departments in the district needs to submit the report so as to foreword to the P&AR department Kohima. The Vice Chairman also asked the departments to submit all the relevant documents of the land purchased by various departments to the office of the deputy commissioner

mit at the earliest, it will be the responsible of the department concerned. He also asked the Agri and Allied department to submit the report of damage crops due to the recent incessant rain in the district and added, “If necessary, we will do Joint spot verification.” SDO (Electrical) presented the departmental activities to the gathering. Various agendas were discussed and were forwarded to the concern department for further action.

RCC footpath under MGNREGS at Jotsoma inaugurated Jotsoma, august 5 (mExN): The 427 feet long and 5.5 feet wide RCC footpath constructed by Village Development Board (VDB) Jotsoma was inaugurated by Block Development Officer (BDO) Rural Development Block, Sechü (Zubza) Kevilhoubeiü Kire on August 4. The RCC footpath constructed with the funding of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme 201415 was completed within two months (June and July 2015) under the supervision of the VDB Jotsoma, which has also been awarded with the prestigious title of best performing VDB under Sechü (Zubza) RD Block. Addressing the gathering as the chief

guest, BDO RD Block, Sechü (Zubza), Kevilhoubeiü Kire lauded the efforts of the VDB Jotsoma for sincerely carrying out the developmental works within the village. She also decided the footpath towards the welfare of the people of the village. Chaired by Seyiekhrielie Naga the inaugural function commenced with Pastor of Jotsoma Baptist Church Rev. Zakie Peseyie saying the invocation. Chairman Jotsoma Village Council Golepra Peseyie delivered the welcome address while VDB Secretary Kereingukho Rino gave the keynote address. Howeho Kro-o Jotsoma presented special number while vote of thanks was tendered by Neilasielie Nakhro.

BDO RD Block, Sechü (Zubza), Kevilhoubeiü Kire along with leaders of Jotsoma Village Council and VDB pose for lens after inauguration of the RCC footpath constructed by VDB Jotsoma on August 4.



The Morung Express


6 August 2015



Nagas in Chandel welcomes 'Peace Accord' Ruwngthung Hrangbung Chandel | August 5

The seven Naga Tribes of Chandel gathered today to honour and welcome the "Peace Accord" signed between the GoI India and the NSCN (IM). All tribes presidents, leaders of the students organisation, women organisations, rank and files of AC Battalion, Naga Army, Khurmi Region authorities and MDCs of ADC Chandel gathered to welcome the historic landmark in a function held today under the aegis of the Chandel Naga People’s Organisation (CNPO) at the CNPO’s office located in the district head quarter town Japhou Bazar. The people in the gathering were grateful to the wisdom of BJP led NDA Government of the centre for the efforts to end the six decade old Naga problem. ‘We highly appreciate the leadership of the PM of India Narendra Modiji and the collective leadership of the NSCN (IM) for bringing an honourable solution which is acceptable to all’ said president of Sirti Upa Ruh Ng Beni. Chief Administrative Officer of Khurmi Region, TS Prem in his speech recounted the struggle of the Naga Army in the past and termed the peace accord as the biggest achievement given to the Naga People by the Almighty God. He said, it is the beginning of a new Chapter for the Nagas to unite and defend Nagalim. ‘It is time for us to reconcile, forgive and forget our differences’ said PRO of AC Battalion Naga Army K Wangshol while speaking in the function and adding that, “It’s not by might, not by power but, by the prayer of all faithful Nagas, we have been able to achieve this glory.” President of CNPO, WS Kanral Anal further informed that a celebration will be held shortly by all the Naga society living in Chandel district.

Fruits of unstinted courage & patience: UNC

Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): On behalf of the Naga people of the present state of Manipur, the United Naga Council (UNC) has welcomed the “Historic Naga Peace Accord” signed between the Government of India (GoI) and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim on August 3 in New Delhi.

In a press release, UNC stated that the signing of the peace accord has brought about the end of decades of armed conflict in Naga areas. “The Peace Accord was the fruits of unstinted courage and patience of the Nagas on one hand and the wisdom and political will of the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi and his govern-

ment on the other,” UNC stated and further wished long life to Modi, Swu and Muivah. UNC extended appreciation and gratitude to the Prime Minister of India and Chairman Isaac Chisi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah, General Secretary of the NSCN/GPRN. “The Nagas in the present State of Manipur along with the rest

of the Nagas will always gratefully remember them and their names be inscribed in the golden pages of Naga History,” UNC stated. The Council also stated that the Nagas of the present State of Manipur pledge to continue to render “our best” in bringing the Peace Accord into its final shape.

'Repealing of AFSPA must be a primary action' imphaL, august 5 (mExN): Welcoming decision of the peace accord signed between the NSCN (IM) and government of India (GoI), the Save Sharmila Solidarity Campaign (SSSC), today stated that signals among things, the importance of peace and commitment for development of North East by the incumbent central government. SSSC believes that such actions are confidence building measures which will ensure that not only the common people of north east, but even insurgent groups and their members can now think joining the mainstream in the broader objective of peace and development, it stated in a press note. Further complimenting the role of present interlocutor, R N Ravi, SSSC

stated that it reflects his commitment towards stability in the region and standing for people of north east. Once again, however, it appealed for the GoI to work towards repealing of AFSPA. ‘The move (peace accord) is a welcome but without repealing AFSPA, it seem that government is not indicating or serious thinking towards permanent peace,” SSSC convener Ravi Nitesh said. “Repealing AFSPA will be a move of establishing real and ground contacts with people, of touching their hearts and minds in real ways, because this will mean understanding their scenario of everyday abnormality and threat and also about taking action to ensure peace for them” it added. The SSSC further hoped that the gov-

ernment which has moved from ‘Look East’ to ‘Act East’ will now go ahead with 'Understanding East.' “Without understanding issues, actions will not be as fruitful as it would be,” it said. Despite being on hunger strike since last 15 years, Irom Sharmila has not been able to get importance by government and she is not given even a chance to meet the present prime minister, rued SSSC. “She is a person who is following a non violent and democratic path for her demand to repeal AFSPA... Will it not give a signal that non violence and democratic ways are losing their importance in present regime of India? Government needs to rethink on this fast more seriously and to act immediately in this regard” it added.

ZHRF terms signing ‘light in the end of the tunnel’ Lamka, august 5 (mExN): The Zomi Human Rights Foundation has stated that the “historic accord” to usher in peace and stability signed at New Delhi on August 3 between the Government of India and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (NSCN-IM), “is a light in the end of the tunnel for the perturbed North East.” “The Accord based on mutual trust and respect is a road to a long lasting peace and security in the North East,” a statement from ZHRF Chairman Executive Council Siamzading Valte and Secretary General Suanmoi Guite stated. The Zomi Human Rights Foundation (ZHRF) expressed its appreciation over the sincerity of the present Government of India for undertaking “this great leap” for an amicable solution and the achievement of Naga Peoples in particularly and other Indigenous Tribals in general in North Eastern Region of India for inking the accord.

“The Naga Collective Leadership had travelled a very long perturbed road down the lines,” ZHRF stated and expressed sincere appreciation for their determination and selflessness by inking the accord. It opined that the signing “is destined to bring about peace and stability not only to the Nagas but also to the entire region.” Further stating that the Indigenous Tribal Peoples were elated for such an achievement of the Collective Leadership, ZHRF stated that the aged old culture, good values, village administrations, identity and other significant social institutions of the Indigenous Tribal Peoples shall be protected. Rights of the Peoples will be safeguarded and their aspiration will be achieved, it added. The Foundation, therefore, urged upon the players to sincerely work out the tenets of the Accords for utmost gains and benefits for long lasting Peace and Stability in the Region.

Centre taking steps to check illegal Search on for missing helicopter in Arunachal immigration into Assam: Kiren Rijiju NEW DELhi, august 5 (iaNs): The government has taken a number of steps to check illegal migration into Assam from Bangladesh, union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju informed the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday. "There are reports that some Bangladeshi nationals are able to manage to enter Assam and other parts of the country illegally despite several checks and control measures taken along the international border," Rijiju stated in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha. He said to maintain national security, the central government had already taken a number of steps, including strengthening of the Border Security Force and equipping it with modern and sophisticated equipment.

According to the minister, gaps between the border outposts have been reduced and patrolling along the international boundary intensified. Rijiju said construction of border roads and fencing has been accelerated and surveillance equipment provided. "Besides, the issues of illegal migrants from Bangladesh is regularly taken up at various forums and steps have been taken for coordinated patrolling, identification of vulnerable gaps, strengthening of riverine patrolling etc," he said. He said India has also urged Bangladesh to take effective steps to check the illegal movement of its nationals into India, especially through vulnerable and riverine areas. The minister pointed out that the powers of

Meghalaya HC asks Assam DC to appear in person shiLLoNg, august 5 (pti): The Meghalaya High Court has directed deputy commissioner of Kamrup Metro in Assam, M Angamuthu, to appear in person tomorrow failing which appropriate warrant will be issued against him. A division bench comprising Chief Justice Uma Nath Singh and Justice T N K Singh directed the official to depose before the court and produce records in a case relating to issuance of citizenship certificates of Bangladesh citizens whose forefathers had come to reside in a village in Meghalaya along the inter-state border since 1971. The official is to produce records relating to issuance of citizenship certificates by the Kamrup deputy commissioner being urgently required in the case, it said. Angamuthu had failed

to depose despite several notices issued for the officer?s appearance in court and the Assam chief secretary was also directed for ensuring his presence in the past, the court said. A single bench of the High Court had last year ruled that Bangladesh citizens, who had come to reside in India prior to 1971, can claim legal citizenship. The bench had also directed Meghalaya's Ri-Bhoi DC to return all the citizenship certificates seized from a group of such citizens residing along the interstate border. The Meghalaya government filed the writ appeal wherein, the records relating to issuance of citizenship certificates by the Kamrup DC are urgently required in the court, the bench said.

Two Bangladesh-trained militants surrender in Tripura agartaLa, august 5 (iaNs): Two Bangladeshtrained extremists surrendered to Tripura Police with Chinese-made arms and ammunition, police said here on Wednesday. Police spokesman Uttam Kumar Bhowmik said the two top National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) militants -- Sunil Mohan Tripura, 35, and Jatanjoy Tripura, 36, -- recently fled from their Bangladeshi hideout and crossed over to Tripura. The guerrillas surrendered their Chinese-made arms and ammunition to Tripura Police's Director General K. Nagaraj on Tuesday night. Members of NLFT and All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF) have taken shelter and arms training in different hideouts and covert camps in various parts of Bangladesh, which shares an 856-km border with Tripura.

identification and deportation of foreign nationals staying illegally, including Bangladeshi nationals, have been delegated to the state governments and union territories' administrations under the Foreigners Act, 1946. "The government has set up 36 foreigners tribunals in the state of Assam for detection and deportation of illegal immigrants," he said. An additional 64 foreigners tribunals were sanctioned in June, 2013, for Assam for speedier disposal of pending cases. "An action plan for detection and deportation of the illegal migrants in Assam is also prepared and the government of Assam has formed 500 state police units for detection of illegal immigrants in Assam," Rijiju said.

itaNagar, august 5 (iaNs): A massive search continued for the second day on Wednesday in Arunachal Pradesh for a missing helicopter which was carrying three people, including Tirap Deputy Commissioner Kamlesh Joshi. District officials said rescue teams from the army, Assam Rifles and police were trekking through the forests near Deomali in Tirap district since Wednesday morning looking for the Pawan Hans chopper which went missing around 11 a.m. on Tuesday. Indian Air Force choppers were also pressed into service for aerial search. The chopper was carrying Tirap Deputy Commissioner Kamlesh Joshi and two pilots from Khonsa in Tirap district to Longding district. Officials on Wednesday said bad weather hit the search and rescue operation. "The search opera-

tion resumed early today (Wednesday). However, bad weather affected the search," an official said. He said ground teams were combing Deomali area from where the Air Traffic Control (ATC) at Dibrugarh received the last signal from the helicopter before it disappeared. He said some villagers near Deomali said they heard a blast like sound around 11 a.m. on Tuesday. On Tuesday, the missing Dauphin VT-PHK helicopter owned by Pawan Hans Helicopters Ltd took off from Khonsa at 10.15 a.m. for Longding and lost communication with the ground after the ATC contacted the pilot five minutes after departure. "We have not been able to locate the missing helicopter in view of the inclement weather in the state," Arunachal Pradesh police chief S. Nithianandam told IANS. "The search and rescue operation is still on,"

Assam launches website to celebrate Teachers' Day guWahati, august 5 (iaNs): The Assam government on Wednesday launched a new website to celebrate Teachers' Day that falls on September 5 in a more collaborative manner. The website -- -- was launched by Assam Chief Secretary V.K. Pipersenia in the presence of journalists and state education and other government officials at NeDFI House here. The birth anniversary of India's second president, academic, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is celebrated as Teachers' Day. Though it is not a holiday, classes in schools across India are not held as usual but

are replaced by other celebratory events and thanks and remembrances. Assam is organising various events on September 5. At the district level, deputy

commissioners will head the activities, while at the institutional level, principals and headmasters will look over the celebrations, according to the new website.


Regd.No: 3571/15 Dated: 24/7/15 I, Shri. Balbhadra Chuwal, s/o Shri. Narpati Chuwal, aged about 52 years, permanent resident of Village- Kaski, P.O Parepani, Dist — Kaski (Nepal) and presently serving as Mali under the Estate Office, P.W.D, Kohima, Nagaland do hereby solemnly affirm and declare on oath as follows : 1. That may correct name is Balbhadra Chuwal which is recorded in most of my official documents and records including in my Nepal Citizenship Certificate. 2. That however, during the entry in my service book my name was inadvertently recorded/entered as Churamoni Sharma. 3. That I declare that both the above mentioned name Churamoni Sharma and Balbhadra Chuwal refer to the same person and from this day onwards it shall be use for all my future intents, purposes and correspondences. Deponent

Solemnly sworn before me by the deponent on this day.

Notary public, Kohima: Nagaland

ADVERTISEMENT “THE INTER STATE TRUCK TERMINUS” being inaugurated on 07.08.2015 at 10:00AM by Shri. P. Paiwang Konyak, Honourable Minister, Transport, IT & Communication, Nagaland is situated along Dimapur-Jalukie Road via Khoba Nala, before New DC Office Complex, Chumukedima. It is entered from 7th Mile of 29 National Highway.

he said. and Tripura and a daily GuIt is one of the maThe missing helicopter wahati-Tawang service for jor lifelines in landlocked was on a routine sortie to over 15 years. Arunachal Pradesh. Longding and was to return to Mohanbari airport in Assam's Dibrugarh city when contact was lost. The ATC received the last signal from the chopper near (Preferably with experience) Deomali in Tirap, officials said. 1) M.Sc. (Chemistry) In 2011, then Arunachal 2) BA (Eng. Hons) Pradesh chief minister Dorjee Khandu and four Please contact other people died after 8014258475, 8118970397 their Pawan Hans chopper crashed at a remote location in the state. A few days later, another helicopter crashed while landing in Tawang, killing 16 people. Following the crashes, commercial chopper services were stopped in the state till 2013 when Pawan Hans restarted service in Arunachal Pradesh and other parts of the region. Pawan Hans Helicopter Services Limited (PHHL) has been operating chopper services across Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Nagaland


LOST NOTICE Applying for a duplicate copy of HSSLC 2009 Admit Card and Marksheet of as I have lost it. Name: Wekutsho Lohe F/Name: Dipezü Lohe Roll No: 0911534 Regd.No.: 621266 Board: NBSE School: Don Bosco Higher Sec. School, Dimapur


WSBAK lo Executive Secretary, Akükütsü komiti eno Alhou qemino “Sümi Mhesho eno Sütsa ithikutho Hoho” atsala Saghiqhi 8, 2015 inaqhe ayi 09:00 Thilixu Baptist Kukuho Ki lo azah zasü akeu lo Sümi misshi eno chine- chini yehpe lo Shikhemi, ahukila – apekila, kippela – kulola lo kichemi khijehi no kukussü kaku ithulu keno kümtsü vezumono ighi penike pithi ani. (Rev. Dr. Hevukhu Achumi) Executive Secretary, WSBAK

LOTHA HOHO APPRECIATES SEIZURE OF IMFL BY WOKHA POLICE The public of Wokha town appreciates the seizure of IMFL consisting of 1020 cases of MC Rum, Blenders Pride, Foster Beer, King Fisher Beer, OC Blue, MC whisky and RV, in the early hours of 9th July 2015, between Yikhum village and Wokha town. The vehicle carrying these IMFL cases is Ashok Leyland truck (high raised body- Punjab), bearing Registration No. AS 12E 7751. The Superintendent of police, Wokha, Mr. T. Chumrenthung NPS, did the utmost, through his intelligence arrangements, to locate and identify the truck carrying the contraband cargo. He had detailed two of his sub ordinate officers, namely Inspector Nchumbemo Lotha and ABSI Yanpemo Ngully, before dawn, to nab the truck. The Lotha Hoho also came to know of the seizure activity in the early hours of that day and representatives were at the appropriate spots and PS Wokha, to take stock of the seizure activities. The seized truck is still under Wokha police custody, and the public hope that appropriate punitive action will be taken by the concerned law enforcing authorities. The seized cargo was, on the same day, burned, in the presence of all concerned, including Lotha Hoho, Lotha Youth Hoho, All Commercial Vehicle Owners Association etc, of Wokha. The Wokha public would say “well done and keep it up, the public will like to see more such good performance in future too, not only seizure of contraband, but also overall law-keeping ”. While appreciating the good performance of the police at Wokha town, the Lotha Hoho and public would question the Police/Excise deptt etc manning the various check-gates, before reaching Wokha town, as to how the fully loaded truck could pass through the check gates! Was there any conspiracy or the usual bribing at every gate? Will the concerned authorities ascertain as to how the loaded truck could reach Wokha through the various check-gates. The Lotha Hoho and the Wokha public would request the concerned authorities to do proper investigation and to disclose to public the details of its findings, and to take appropriate punitive action. The practice of humanitarian considerations/nepotism to criminals, has encouraged many onlookers and have caused recurrences of criminal activities. When Nagaland is officially on ‘Total prohibition’, why let such erring people go free? Let us keep in mind the saying “pardoning the bad harms the god” and award appropriate deterrent action so as to prevent/minimise criminal activities, in future. The Lotha Hoho also want to urge the Wokha police to expedite the arrest of the culprits involved in the February and March 2015 explosions, at Wokha. The Inquiry Committees for the two explosions are urged to submit the respective Reports at the earliest. The Wokha public are given to understand that the Wokha police went to Bihar to arrest the suspect; of February 2015 explosion; but could not arrest him due to the many influences and connections the suspect has in Bihar. Since India is one country, why should state boundaries hinder arrest of a culprit? The concerned higher state authorities are urged to give the needed support for enabling early arrest of suspects hiding in other states like Bihar. Sd/(MHAO HUMTSOE) Chairman Lotha Hoho, Wokha, Nagaland

Sd/(Er. MHONDAMO OVUNG) President Lotha Hoho, Wokha, Nagaland





6 August 2015

The Morung Express

Brief ‘India likely to bring in rules to Canara Bank profits plunge by 40% make mills export sugar stocks’

NEW DELHI, August 5 (REutERs): India is likely to bring in rules to make it compulsory for sugar mills to export millions of tonnes of surplus supplies to support local prices, sources said, in a move that could quell growing anger among farmers but add to a glut on global markets. A final decision rests with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who discussed the politically sensitive issue at a weekend meeting with ministers, officials and sugar mill bosses, said the two government sources. The proposal, which could mean mills selling at loss, comes at time when the world sugar market is grappling with a flood of supplies and prices at 6-1/2-year lows. The mandatory export rule, which could be introduced from the start of the next crop year on Oct. 1, would apply only when output was higher than local demand, said the officials, who are directly involved in formulating the policy. If approved, India could overtake Australia as the

Workers unload sacks containing sugar from a handcart at a wholesale market in Ahmedabad on August 5. (REUTERS Photo)

world’s third-largest exporter behind Brazil and Thailand. Food ministry spokesman N.C. Joshi declined to comment. Shares of Indian sugar companies such as Bajaj Hindusthan Sugar Ltd, Shree Renuka Sugars Ltd, Simbhaoli Sugars Ltd and Bannari Amman Sugars Ltd jumped as much as 12 percent after the Reuters report. Apart from boosting farm exports, govern-

ment-backed overseas sales of sugar could also help mills clear about $2.5 billion they owe to 50 million cane growers - a group equivalent in size to the population of Spain and concentrated in politically important states like Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. Last year, Modi won 9 out of 10 seats in Uttar Pradesh, which sends the highest number of lawmakers to parliament, as rural voters

were swayed by a pledge to keep crop prices high. But mills have been struggling to pay the fixed price to cane farmers, who have been losing patience as the amount of money they are owed piles up. India, the world’s largest sugar consumer and biggest producer after Brazil, has been producing more sugar than it needs for the past five years and the trend is likely to continue.

SMALL TAX At last Saturday’s meeting, there was also discussion on an additional tax, which the government calls a cess, on sugar to prop up domestic prices that are the lowest in six years, said the officials. “Mandatory exports may force mills to sell sugar at a loss now, but they would (eventually) gain because lower domestic stocks mean higher domestic prices, which will get a leg up because of the cess,” said one of the sources. India’s mills are expected to produce 28 million tonnes in the next season, when inventories will climb to 10.3 million tonnes, up from 7.5 million tonnes at the start of the current season. Indians consume 24-25 million tonnes of sugar a year, thus could easily export 5-6 million tonnes yearly even after stocking up for emergencies, analysts said. That would be more than the 3 million tonnes that Australia sells and compares to Brazil’s exports of 27 million tonnes and Thailand’s 10 million tonnes. The sources said the government may also

step in to help mills pay dues by using funds raised from the tax. The federal government fixes the price that mills pay to cane growers yearly and some states, invariably, raise it further. In the past 6 years, government-set prices have soared by 70% but sugar prices have slumped to Rs. 2,200 ($34) a tonne, against an average cost of production of Rs. 3,100. Experts say the higher cane price is the main reason for the surplus which has helped avoid sharp output swings, such as when India had to import 4.3 million tonnes in 2008/09 after exporting 5 million tonnes a year earlier, pushing benchmark New York prices to a 30-year high. Despite an export incentive of Rs. 4,000 a tonne, India’s overseas sales are expected to be only 800,000 tonnes in the 2014/15 season against 2.2 mn tonnes in the previous year. Abinash Verma, director general of the Indian Sugar Mills Association, said the push for exports could lead to further losses at mills but eventually mean a balance between demand and supply at home.

BENgALuRu, August 5 (IANs): Canara Bank reported a net profit of Rs.478.84 crore for the first quarter of 2015-16 fiscal, a fall of 40.6 percent in profits compared with the first quarter of 2014-15. According to the unaudited standalone quarterly results notified to the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) in a regulatory filing, the Bengaluru-based bank’s profits eroded by Rs.328.02 crore in Q1 2015-16 compared to the 2014-15 quarter which saw a Rs.806.86 crore profit. However, the bank’s total income rose to Rs.12,252.64 crore in April-June quarter of the current fiscal from Rs.11,728.01 crore in Q1 of the last fiscal, a rise of Rs.524.63 crore. The total expenses grew to Rs.10,249.07 crore in the analysed quarter, from Rs.9,933.01 crore in Q1 of 2014-15. The bank’s public shareholding also increased from 31 percent to 35.52 percent in the quarter ending June 2015. In the quarter under review, Canara Bank’s domestic operations clocked a revenue of Rs.11,957.31 crore while international operations recorded a revenue of Rs.295.32 crore. Founded by Ammembai Subba Rao Pai in 1906 at Mangaluru, Canara Bank had 5,682 branches as of March 2015 and 8,533 ATMs. It also has 132 hi-tech e-lounges to serve the customers at select branches

Bata India to increase online sales KoLKAtA, August 5 (IANs:) Footwear major Bata India on Wednesday said it is looking to increase its online sales to 10 lakh pairs of footwear this year. The company sold two lakh pairs in 2014 over the internet.”We have come up with exclusive collection of products which is available online only,” Bata group’s South Asia managing director Rajeev Gopalakrishnan told media persons here after its annual general meeting. The footwear major will roll out 500 products which will be exclusively available online. Gopalakrishnan said the products which will be available online will not be available in its retail outlets, so that the online and offline model do not clash with each other. The company has also created a separate business division for online sales that is manned by 25 people. Bata India has earmarked a capital expenditure between Rs.80100 crore this fiscal.

Govt loses Rs 7 per post Maruti launches premium cross-over vehicle S-CROSS The DDiS 320 produces 88 kW RBI can cut rate if inflation DELHI, August 5 torque and low fuel consumption. card, Rs 5 for inland letters NEW The DDiS 200 generates opti- power at the rate of 3,750 rpm. It has (IANs): Automobile major Maruti

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU game Number # 3307




WORlD Of liCeNSiNg NIPR DOI RecIPROcIty aPPOINtmeNt lIceNse aPPlIcatION exam fINgeRPRINt tRaININg DemOgRaPhIcchaNge cOmPlIaNce aPPOINteR aNalyst techNIcIaN veNDOR ReNewal elIgIbIlIty PRODuceR aDjusteR cONtINuINgeDucatION DOcumeNtatION lIceNsINgstRategy cOmmuNIcatIONs RePORts exItstRategy PROceDuRes webce







Answer Number # 3306



fuel efficiency of 22.70 km per litre. The new cross-over comes with a high performance suspension fit- NEW DELHI, August 5 (PtI): RBI Governor Rated-in the hi-tensile steel body. ghuram Rajan on Wednesday said the central bank will cut interest rate provided it feels confident that inflation will remain below 6 per cent even after the reduction.”We will cut rate when we see that even after the rate cut, inflation will remain below 6 per cent,” Rajan said. RBI expects retail inflation to be around 6.1 per cent in January-March, 2016. “It should be actually below that. That is what we are looking for to see how much room we have (to cut rate),” Rajan told CNBC Awaaz. RBI Tuesday maintained a status quo on policy rate, but promised that the central bank could consider a reduction in rate ahead of the September 29 policy, depending on macro economic data. Since January, RBI has reduced key lending (repo) by a total of 0.75 per cent in three tranches. He said there is perception among people that inflation is rising because of increase in prices of milk and vegetables, which is “worrying”. Retail inflation stood at an Maruti Suzuki India officials, Managing Director and CEO Kenichi Ayukawa, 8-month low of 5.4 per cent year-on-year in June comright, and Executive Director, marketing and sales, Randhir Singh Kalsi, pose with the new Maruti Suzuki, S-Cross car, during its launch in New pared with 5.01 per cent in May. RBI tracks CPI, or retail inflation, in deciding its monetary policy action. Delhi no Wednesday, August 5. (AP Photo)



stays below 6%: Rajan

mum power of 66 kW at the rate of 4,000 rotations per minute (rpm). It gives a fuel mileage of 23.65 km per litre.

Suzuki on Wednesday launched its first premium cross-over “SCROSS” vehicle priced between Rs.8.34 lakh and Rs.13.74 lakh (exshowroom Delhi). “There is a segment of customers in India who want power and performance in their vehicle, but also the comfort and refinement of a sedan,” said Kenichi Ayukawa, managing director and chief executive, Maruti Suzuki. “Powered by DDiS 200 and DDiS 320, S-CROSS will delight customers with its massive torque, power and handling.” The new cross-over vehicle is offered in two diesel engine options: variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) DDiS 200 and DDiS 320. According to the company, the two engine options give optimal forced induction by controlling the flow of exhaust gases in accordance with the engine speed, thereby helping to release high

NEW DELHI , August 5 (PtI): Department of Posts incurred a loss of Rs 7.03 per post card and Rs 4.93 on every inland letter in 2013-14, Parliament was informed on Wednesday. “Losses are being incurred on every post card and inland letter. As per the cost allocated for the year 2013-14, loss on post card and inland letter was Rs 7.03 and Rs 4.93, respectively,” Minister of Communications and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad said in a written reply to the Lok Sabha. Citing figures the minister added that traffic of inland letters and letters has also increased after two years of decline. In 2011-12 and 2012-13, there was a 3.3% and 5.2% fall in traffic of inland letters, while the same grew 1.1% to Rs 87.45 crore in 2013-14. Similarly, for letters, the traffic declined 6.3% in 2011-12 and 2.7 % in 2012-13. The traffic grew 3.1 per cent to Rs 208.72 crore in 2013-14. Speed post traffic grew 14.8 % in 2011-12, fell 17.8%in 201213 and came back to growth in 2013-14 with 7.8% rise in traffic to Rs 39.87 crore. In a separate query, the minister said the department has printed 18.16 lakh stamps under the personalised postage stamp scheme ‘My Stamp’ and has earned a total revenue of Rs 4.57 crore. The highest revenue was garnered from Tamil Nadu (Rs 54.20 lakh), while no revenue came from Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland under the scheme.




















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CHUMUKEDIMA: 03862 282777/101 (O) 9856158740 (OC) WOKHA: 03860 242215/101 (O) 9862039399 (OC)

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The Morung Express

Pangteang inspects sericulture Projects

Dimapur, august 5 (Dipr): Parliamentary Secretary Sericulture, Home Guards, E.E. Pangteang inspected various state Sericulture projects under Dimapur district on August 5. In his maiden visit at the State Sericulture Farmers Training Centre located at Dhansiripar, Pangteang was taken around to see the entire process of converting cocoon into yarn, coarse flat 1st, fine flat, tapping, spinning and weaving. With keen interest the Parliamentary Secretary also inspected the rearing House of silkworms and also visited the progressive farmers at Dhansiripar. Pangteang also visited the District sericulture centre at Signal Angami and was impressed with the finished products ranging from kurtas, mekhelas, stolls, table runners etc displayed at the centre. He also visited the weaving unit and the cocoon bank. Observing sericulture as a highly technical department, Pangteang felt the need for regular supervision so as to built the image of the department with more yield and production

Thursday 6 August 2015



There is no place for corruption in God's purpose for man: DAABPF D i m a p u r , au g u s t 5 (mExN): The Dimapur Area Ao Baptist Pastors' Fellowship (DAABPF) has stated that ACAUT raising the crucial issue of illegal taxations and corruptions in Naga society today is not only laudable but “an involvement in God's mission itself”. Expressing the view that to build a society in consonance with God's true purpose for human, every individual and organization is appointed to fulfill His purpose, the Pastors’ Fellowship stated, “The Nagas, as good Christians instead of questioning the ACAUT

people's movement, should introspect deeply and ask themselves as to what prompted the emergence of ACAUT people's movement in the first place.” “Many a time, in order to assert our self righteousness we tend to overlook our inequities and blame the other resulting in the core issue never being addressed and the truth victimized. Its time, Naga society speaks the truth, the truth that there is no place for corruption in God's purpose for human being and that each and every one of us has a duty to cleanse and sanctify our society,” DAABPF

maintained. Appealing to every right thinking Naga citizen to strengthen the hands of ACAUT in their respective capacities to enable them to forge ahead with the noble task of transforming the society “into a cultured and civilized one, a society that God originally meant us to be where every citizen can lead their respective lives with self respect.” It also appealed to all the churches to continue to pray for the leaders of ACAUT that they would continue to spearhead the noble mission selflessly and fearlessly without distraction.

Parliamentary Secretary E.E. Pangteang observing with keen interest the conversion of cocoon into yarn at the District Sericulture Centre Dimapur. (DIPR photo)

and enhance higher revenue generation. Stressing on the importance of work culture, Pangteang said, “Work is worship”, and felt that Nagas need to maintain work culture sincerely. Braving the humid weather, the Parliamentary Secretary further proceeded to Samaguri and inspected the Mulberry silk extension centre and interacted with the farm manager and the staffs of the

farm. He also inspected the ongoing guest house construction at PWD colony Dimapur. Pangteang viewed sericulture department as a very important department and said that he will try to extend help in whatever ways possible to tap the potentialities of sericulture in Nagaland. He advised the department officials to continue to be sincere and hardworking inorder to

bring further progress and improvement. Parliamentary Secretary’s entourage included former Minister, Nyemnai Konyak, Secretary to the Govt. of Nagaland, Hushili, Director Sericulture Pasera Chandan, District sericulture officer, Yashimeren, Deputy Director Sericulture, Mhathung and other officials from the Directorate and District sericulture office.

Army Commander visits Dimapur

Noklak, Mangkolemba SDPDB meetings held Dimapur, august 5 (Dipr): Noklak Sub-Divisional Planning & Development Board (SDPDB) and Mangkolemba SDPDB held its monthly meeting on August 5. Noklak SDPDB meeting for the month of August 2015 was held at KTC Hall Noklak under the chairmanship of ADC Nokalk, MhathungTsanglao. The meeting discussed shortage of teachers at Government High School, Thang village and forwarded to the concerned department for appointment of new teachers. Connection and installation of

three phase transformer power line at Community Health Centre Noklak was proposed by the power department and the house discussed and forwarded to the concern department for early connection. During the meeting activities and achievement was highlighted by the Senior Medical Officer Noklak and various department in the sub-division were entrusted works for the forthcoming Independence Day celebration. Mangkolemba SDPDB meeting was held at the Customary Court Hall. ADC, Imtiwapang chaired

the meeting and also reviewed the last meeting minutes. Discussing on the deplorable road condition under Sub Division, EE PWD (R&B) highlighted the house about the mudslides and rock falls in many areas and further cautioned the people of the haphazard. The house approved to take up the agenda proposed for inclusion of Mangkolemba- Khar approach road (8.5 KM) under E.E. PWD (R&B) and inclusion of Mongkolemba to Watiyim village under NLCPR project Phase III. Deliberating on the agen-

da proposed by SDEO for opening of new primary school at Kumpani ward, Mangkolemba, the board agreed to forward the matter to the higher authority. On that ADC also informed the house that the school building in Kumpani ward has been completed since 2003 and lying vacant till date. With the need for veterinary dispensary in the town, the adhoc town council proposed to open a new dispensary under the concerned Department which was discussed and approved by the house to be taken up.

Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): Lieutenant General Praveen Bakshi, Army Commander, Eastern Command on his maiden visit after assuming the command of Eastern Command arrived at Rangapahar Miltary sta-

NSCN (R) welcomes one

The final year students of Kohima Law College led by Prof. Kezhokhoto Savi during the legal rights awareness campaign in Dimapur on July 30. The morning session was held at SM College auditorium, while the team conducted programme at Tetso College at noon. They also had public meeting in the evening at Hotel Saramati, Dimapur. The team also met the Deputy Commissioner of Dimapur for a discussion on the impact of RTI in Nagaland and also submitted an NVCO representation to him to stop illegal collection of cash in the check-gates and on highways.

Dimapur , august 5 (mExN): The NSCN (Reformation) has welcomed one Capt. Neibou Angami of NSCN (K). According to a statement from the MIP NSCN (R), Capt. Neibou chose to join its fold and serve selflessly for the cause of the Naga people under the collective leadership of Y. Wangtin Naga and P. Tikhak. “We sincerely appreciate his wisdom for taking the right decision to join NSCN-R and also for reposing faith on our two leaders,” the MIP stated.

tion on August 5. On arrival the Army Commander was received by Lt Gen Bipin Rawat, GOC, Spear Corps. According to a defence press release, Lt Gen Bakshi was briefed on the defence prepared-

the NSCN-IM. “We hope that this humble venture may bring a lasting and sustainable peace in Nagaland,” a statement from the Peace Channel Desk stated.

CoNdoleNCe Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): The Nagaland State Bharat Scouts & Guides (NSBSG) has expressed shock to learn of the untimely demise of Lt.Longdila Sangtam, member and Guides Captain of Saramatians Guides Company ‘B’ Tuensang on July 29. “With her demise the Nagaland State Bharat Scouts & Guides has lost a very dynamic youth leader whose position in the Movement will be irreplaceable,” a condolence message from the NSBSG stated.

The State Chief Commissioner along with all the members of Nagaland State Bharat Scouts & Guides shares the same grief and sorrows of her family, it stated. “She will be missed and remembered as always for all her good deeds done for the youth,” the message added. Conveying heartfelt sympathy and sincere condolences to the bereaved family members, the NSBSG prayed that the Almighty give strength to the family members and for the her soul to rest in eternal peace.

Kohima, august 5 (mExN): Kohima Police have recovered two two-wheelers in separate incidents, a press release from Kohima Sub – Divisional Police Officer & PRO, Atu Zumvü, informed. In the first incident, while conducting routine checking and frisking duty in Kohima town, police intercepted one Scooty B/R No. NL-01E-2522, Chassis No. MCDND1B1V91J00414, Engine No. PFE9J219001 from Classic Point on suspicion. On close inspection, the steering lock of the scooty was found to be broken and on further enquiry, it was ascertained to be stolen from Officers’ Hill colony, Kohima after breaking the steering lock. The PRO identified the

arrested person as Obed Rengma (18 yrs), a resident of New Reserve, Phesama. The accused was taken into police custody and a regular case under section 379 of the IPC is registered. The said scooty has been handed over to the rightful owner. In the second case, Kohima police recovered one motorbike (Yamaha R15) on August 4 from Secretariat area. The bike is wanted in connection with Dimapur West Police Station case. One Obed Tena (25 yrs), a resident of Nagabazar, Kohima was arrested in this connection and the seized bike along with the arrested person was accordingly handed over to Dimapur West Police Station personnel on the same day.

and further emphasised on the people friendly conduct during operations by all ranks, the release stated. Lt Gen Bakshi will also be visiting other areas in the region viz., Likabali, Dinjan, Imphal.

Workshop on KAYAKALP awards held

Dr. Nandira Changkija Principal Director, DHF&W addressing the workshop on KAYAKALP awards.

Kohima, august 5 (mExN): An awareness workshop on KAYAKALP awards, which is a cleanliness drive for public health facilities, was held at the Directorate of Health & Family Welfare on August 4. CMs, MS, DPOs and Dis-

Crime Crime News News ‘Hope accord brings lasting and sustainable peace’ Stolen two-wheelers recovered Ganja, ginseng seized

Dimapur, august 5 (mExN): The Peace Channel Family has applauded and expressed appreciation on the signing of “peace accord” between Government of India and

ness and infrastructure development along the Northern borders. The Army Commander whilst being briefed on the internal security situation, lauded the efforts of the Spear Corps in maintaining peace and tranquility

Kohima, august 5 (mExN): Kohima police manning the Interstate Check Gate intercepted Tata Sumo vehicle B/R No. NL-01T-6037 and recovered 29 Kgs of suspected contraband ganja from the possession of two women on August 4. A press release from Kohima Sub – Divisional Police Officer & PRO, Atu Zumvü, identified the women as Levis Poumai (33 yrs), a resident of Vafume and Shove Poumai (30 yrs), a resident of Senapati. Accordingly, they were taken into police custody for possession and transportation of banned contraband and a regular case under the NDPS Act is registered against them for conducting further investigation, the PRO informed. On the same day, a Tata Winger B/R No. MN-01W-6498 was intercepted at the Interstate Check Gate. 28 kgs of Paris Cautifolia (species of ginseng) was recovered from the possession of one lady identified as Adaha Mao (46 yrs) W/o – Makhan, PO/PS – Senapati, P/A – Makhan. The consignment was seized and the person was arrested for nonpossession of valid permit and transit pass. In this connection, a regular case under the Indian Forest Act is registered against her for further investigation, the PRO stated.

trict Programme Managers from all the districts attended the workshop. Principal Director Dr. Nandira Changkija in her address challenged all the District heads and supervisors not to keep their potentials and talents hidden but to put

their heart and soul to the new upcoming programmes. Dr. Chandana Deka, Consultant PH and Sanyukta Kashyap, Programme Associate was the recourse persons who took up technical sessions in the workshop.

Leo Club of Dimapur planted 26 fruit trees at Uttar Purbanchal Janjati Seva Samiti, Gautam Basti on August 4 under its chairman Sumit Jain. The trees were planted to keep the environment neat and clean and to save the earth, according to a release from the PRO of the Club.

The Morung Express states that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.



The Power of Truth

The Morung Express THursDAy 6 AuGusT 2015 volumE IssuE 213 THursDAy 9 July 2015 volumE XX IssuE 185 By moa Jamir

Note on a ‘momentous occasion’


ilence on the ‘framework agreement’ is casting anxiety argued The Morung Express on August 5 reflecting subsequent ‘limbo’ created by non-disclosure of specifics of the ‘historic accord’ between the NSCN (IM) and the Government of India (GoI). In its absence, while various conjectures and postulations are flying abound; experts as well as the layperson are having a field day. Consequently, reaction on the ground is subdued and an extreme trepidation fills the air. The speeches from Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi and NSCN (IM) general secretary, Th. Muivah do not offers any illumination on both the specifics and contours of the agreement. Ambiguously worded and tacitly obscured with mutual admiration and pledge of cooperation for a “bright future,” both parties only expressed optimism for a ‘durable peace’ which has so far been elusive. Interestingly, like the Biblical Pilate, Modi washes India’s hand off the longest running political problem conveniently attributing the same to the ‘Divide and Role’ policy of the colonial ruler. It was only after the meeting that the honchos of both parties spoke of ‘shared sovereignty’ based on recognising the ‘unique history and situation of the Nagas.’ The framework is a ‘preamble’ from where contours of the agreement will be discussed, they divulged. Thus, an understanding of the concept may enlighten one to some extent. A framework agreement is defined as a “formal agreement between two or more organizations or countries to do something, which contains the main ideas or parts but not all the details (Longman’s Business Dictionary).” Other referred to it as an “umbrella agreement” reached between two parties to cover a long-term collaborative arrangement. A concept, usually employed in contractual business agreement, it gained prominence in International Relations in recent years due to emergence of several intergovernmental treaties as well as creation of diverse bilateral and multilateral agreements and organisations. Again, Shared-Sovereignty entities, according to Kasner (2005), are created by a voluntary agreement between recognised national political authorities and an external actor such as another state or a regional or international organization. He argued that it offers one path toward democratic development in situations where there is a recognised international legal sovereign and “where national political leaders would be more secure with shared-sovereignty arrangements than without them.” In selected policy areas, it creates optimised and self-enforcing institutions that would otherwise not exist. He further opined that shared sovereignty is not a panacea, but it does offer one path to the kind of self-sustaining “win-win” institutions that, “Any society anywhere in the world must have if it is to give substance to its people’s hopes for a better life and a future of free and solid self-rule.” “Over the long term, shared-sovereignty institutions would have to be self-enforcing; that is, neither the national nor the foreign signatory would have an incentive to defect from the arrangement.” Therefore, three things can be asserted with certainty from preceding arguments. Firstly, the present agreement is a work in progress and its contours will be sorted out over a period of time. Besides, whatever is stated in the ‘framework preamble’ will be open to interpretation. Any agreement settled upon or yet to be arrived at, has to keep this in context. Secondly, questions of economic development and growth has to be given equal footing along with the political issues. Finally, an arrangement such as this requires an overarching political structure envisioning a pan-Naga entity based on Naga rights. Overall, will it accommodate the notion of political relationship founded on genuine federalism? Consequently, will it cater to the aspiration of competing imperatives amongst the various stakeholders or will history repeat itself? The question is as pertinent and old as the ‘elusive peace’ as well as the mysterious ‘framework agreement.’ For any comment, drop a line to


Thomas L. Knapp

Let's Talk About Terrorism


n August 6, 1945, the United States of America became the first — and, to this day, the only — nation to use atomic or nuclear weapons in actual hostilities (as opposed to testing). The unconditional surrender of Japan quickly followed, bringing an end to World War II. For 70 years now, the anniversaries of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings have occasioned debate on whether or not those bombings were necessary, and whether or not they were justifiable. Many World War II veterans — and others — stand on simple necessity to justify the bombings. A US invasion of Japan's home islands, they argue, would have entailed a million or more US military casualties, and even more Japanese civilian casualties than are attributed to the atomic attacks. The argument is facially persuasive. As of August 1945, my grandfather and my wife's father were both serving in the US Navy in the Pacific. There certainly existed a non-trivial likelihood that either or both of them would have died in subsequent battles had the war not ended. For obvious reasons, we're grateful they came home alive. The persuasiveness of the argument fades when we consider the facts: Conditional surrender had been on offer since late 1944, the condition being that Emperor Hirohito remain on the throne. The US fought two of the war's bloodiest battles — Iwo Jima and Okinawa, at a cost of tens of thousands of Americans killed — then unleashed Little Boy and Fat Man on Japan's civilian population, rather than accept that condition. But once the war was over, Hirohito was allowed to remain Emperor. That aside, words mean things, and neither our happiness at our ancestors' survival nor any military argument for insisting on unconditional surrender and dropping atomic bombs to get it changes the character of what happened at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Terrorism, per WordNet, is "the calculated use of violence (or the threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature." The Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings meet that definition in spades. US president Harry S. Truman ordered, consciously and with premeditation, the murder of somewhere between 100,000 and 250,000 civilians in pursuit of his political goal of unconditional Japanese surrender. Whether or not an act constitutes terrorism doesn't depend on whether or not its goals are laudable. Every terrorist and supporter of terrorism in history, save a handful of thorough nihilists, has justified his or her atrocities on the basis of the desired outcomes, claiming that a few innocent lives sacrificed now means more innocent lives saved later. But innocent lives are not ours to sacrifice. Murder is murder and terrorism is terrorism, no matter what nationalist or patriotic colors we wrap them up in and no matter what ribbon of "necessity" we stick atop them. Even if we accept the "necessity" argument for the murders at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, they remain something to regret and to mourn, not something to justify or to celebrate.



Thalif Deen Inter Press Service

UN Post-2015 Development Agenda Under Fire


he U.N.’s highly ambitious post-2015 development agenda, which is expected to be finalised shortly, has come fire even before it could get off the ground. A global network of civil society organisations (CSOs), under the banner United Nations Major Groups (UNMG), has warned that the agenda, which includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), “lacks urgency, a clear implementation strategy and accountability.” Savio Carvalho of Amnesty International (AI), which is part of the UNMG, told IPS the post-2015 agenda has become an aspirational text sans clear independent mechanisms for people to hold governments to account for implementation and follow-up. “Under the garb of national ownership, realities and capacities, member states can get away doing absolutely nothing. We would like them to ensure national priorities are set in conformity with human rights principles and standards so that we are not in the same place in 2030,” he added. The 17 SDGs, which are to be approved by over 150 political leaders at a U.N. summit meeting in September, cover a wide range of socio-economic issues, including poverty, hunger, gender equality, sustainable development, full employment, quality education, global governance, human rights, climate change and sustainable energy for all. All 17 goals, particularly the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger worldwide, are expected to be met by the year 2030. The proposed follow-up and review, as spelled out, lacks a strong accountability mechanism, “with several references to national sovereignty, circumstances and priorities which risk undermining the universal commitment to deliver on the SDGs,” says UNMG. “We are wondering how committed member states will be able to ensure genuine public participation, in particular of the most marginalised in each society, in decisions that will have an impact on their lives.” This applies also to questions related to financing (budget allocations) in the actual implementation of the agenda, says a statement titled “Don’t break Your Promise Before Making it”. “We are keen to ensure that people are able to hold governments to account to these commitments so that these goals are delivered and work for everyone,” says UNMG, which includes a number of coalitions and networks who will be monitoring the post-2015 process. These groups include CSOs representing women, children and youth, human rights, trade unions and workers, local authorities, volunteers and persons with disabilities. Asked about the composition of the UNMG, Jaimie Grant, who represents the secretariat for Persons with Disabilities, told IPS that UNMG is the official channel for the public to engage with the United Nations on matters of sustainable development. “Across all these groups, stakeholders and networks, we share some very broad positions, but there are many thousands of organisations feeding in to it, in various capacities, with various positions and priorities,” he explained. Adding strength to the chorus of voices from the opposition, the Women’s Major Groups, representing over 600 women’s groups from more than 100 countries, have also faulted the development agenda, criticising its shortcomings. Shannon Kowalski, director of Advocacy and Policy at the International Women’s Health Coalition, told IPS the SDGs could be a major milestone for women and girls. They have much to gain: better economic opportunities, sexual and reproductive health care


t’s cruel and dishonest to call South Sudan a “failed state” whose people have “little to celebrate” on their fourth Independence Day, which passed by earlier this July. The failure is one of state building — and of building the wrong state. After years of bitter internecine conflict in the country, those same international governments and agencies pronouncing South Sudan kaput share responsibility for this failure with South Sudan’s current government. The United States and other countries sent immense resources to South Sudan’s generals-turned-statesmen, seeking to prevent another war with Sudan or, worse yet, a Somalia-like environment for terrorists. They couldn’t or wouldn’t see that many of those generals, possessed of a lust for power, were still at war with Sudan-sponsored militias. Soldiers in the South Sudanese army, meanwhile, were becoming ever more impatient for the peace and prosperity promised after decades of bloodletting. Whatever the donors intended, too much money went into political coffers, military hardware, and infrastructure for the oil industry. Then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton explained the international community’s tolerance for this mismanagement in 2012. “A percentage of something is better than a percentage of nothing,” she said, meaning that a minimally functional but increasingly kleptocratic and authoritarian-leaning government was better than the violent turmoil another U.S.-backed intervention had just unleashed in Libya. Who will stand behind that reptilian zero-sum logic today, as lives and property are destroyed throughout South Sudan by the private armies of those seeking the biggest share of the country’s oil revenue? If the wasted sci-

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (second from left) with Irish Minister and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in Dublin.

and information and protection of reproductive rights, access to education, and lives free from violence, she noted. “But in order to make this vision a reality, we have to ensure gender equality is at the heart of our efforts, recognising that it is a prerequisite for sustainable development,” she added. The coalition includes Women in Europe for a Common Future, Equidad de Genero (Mexico), Global Forest Coalition, Women Environmental Programme, Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development, WEDO (Women’s Environment and Development) and the Forum of Women’s NGOs (Kyrgyzstan). Kowalski also expressed disappointment over the outcome of the recently concluded conference on Financing for Development (FfD) in Addis Ababa. “We hoped for a progressive and fair financing agreement that addressed the root causes of global economic inequality and its impact on women’s and girls’ lives. But that’s not what we got,” she said. “We expected strong commitments on financing for gender equality and recognition of the value of women’s unpaid care work. We expected governments to address the systemic drivers of inequalities within and between countries, to establish fair tax policies, to stop illicit financial flows, and to address injustices in international trade structures that disadvantage the poorest countries.” “We were disappointed that there were no new commitments to increase public financing in order to achieve the SDGs,” Kowalski declared. Carvalho of Amnesty International said, “It will be impossible to achieve truly transformative sustainable development and to leave no one behind without conducting regular, transparent, holistic and participatory reviews of progress and setbacks at all levels.” “The agenda acknowledges the need for international financial institutions (IFIs) to respect domestic policy, but does not go far enough to ensure that their activities to do contribute to any human rights violations.” “I think we need to strengthen the argument for

the agenda to be universal – when all countries have to deliver on their commitments and obligations.” These, he said, include Official Development Assistance (ODA) and tax justice. Meanwhile, in a statement released to IPS, Beyond 2015, described as a global civil society campaign pushing for a strong successor to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), said “for the SDGs to have a real impact on people’s lives everywhere, people themselves must participate in implementing the goals and reviewing progress, and be active agents in decisions affecting them.” The Beyond 2015 Campaign said it welcomes the focus on inclusion and participation reflected in the current draft that is being negotiated at the United Nations, and “we count on governments to translate their commitments into action as soon as the SDGs are adopted.” In implementing the SDGs, it is crucial that states honour their commitment to “leave no one behind”. “This means tracking progress for all social and economic groups, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized, drawing upon data from a wider range of sources, and regular scrutiny with the involvement of people themselves,” the statement added. Additionally, an even higher level of participation and inclusion is needed, at all levels, when implementation starts. “People must be aware of the new agenda and take ownership of the goals for real and sustainable changes to occur.” The Beyond 2015 campaign also welcomed the commitment to an open and transparent follow-up framework for the SDGs, grounded in people’s participation at multiple levels. “We believe the current draft could be improved by including specific time-bound commitments and endorsing civil society’s role in generating data to review commitments,” it said. “We insist on the need for governments to translate the SDGs into national commitments as this is a crucial step for governments to be genuinely accountable to people everywhere.”

To Save South Sudan, Dump the Warlords While the international community propped up kleptocratic generals, South Sudan's social entrepreneurs took matters into their own hands. The future of the country belongs to them Christopher W. Douglas Foreign Policy in Focus entific, cultural, and economic potential isn’t chilling enough, there’s also the threat of incubating the next Lord’s Resistance Army, Boko Haram, or Ebola strain. Signs of Hope Despite all these mistakes, a peaceful and stable South Sudan is still within reach, if South Sudanese civil society groups are assisted in building on their existing social, economic, and democratic activities. South Sudanese cooperatives and entrepreneurs show one way forward. River Nile International and the Lulu Works women’s co-op just sent their country’s first export to the United States: 100 percent natural honey and shea. The South Farmers Company is connecting local poultry farmers with hungry markets, like Kenya’s One Hen Campaign. Jewelry and artwork from the women of the Roots Project has debuted at New York fashion shows. The Savannah Farmers Cooperative set up and runs

the country’s first major grain mill. Countless others are developing their own innovative social businesses for waste collection, cleaner cooking fuels, construction, farm-to-market restaurants, and taxi services. South Sudan’s social entrepreneurs are bold, earnest risk takers who could team up with their peers in the United States to meet their country’s needs for food, education, and medical care. They can bring new goods and services to the global market and drive East Africa’s economic development. But they first need improved access to investment, mentors, and equipment. Representatives from South Sudan’s myriad ethnic groups are already organizing their own peace conferences, not just for everyday disputes but even the ongoing civil war. Their consensus could be far more binding and authoritative than any ephemeral agreement negotiated by the warlords. South Sudan’s civil society could accomplish even more if the internation-


al community supported the creation of a new national constitution and a mandate allocating oil revenue to necessities like education, medical care, and infrastructure. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, which helped settle land claims and spur economic development among indigenous Alaskan groups, could serve as a model. Path to Stability It’s important not to lose sight of the possible spoilers: those who benefit from South Sudan’s prolonged misery. Some remedy must lie in the carrotand-stick diplomacy behind the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the 2011 referendum that produced the country’s independence. Here is where Clinton’s “bettersomething-than-nothing” approach holds true, since most parties would benefit from stable production and trade. Local fighters want economic development for their families. Sudan and China want South Sudan’s oil to keep flowing. Sudan’s president Omar al-Bashir needs South Sudan’s oil pipeline payments to keep himself alive and in power. No single product or project can “save” South Sudan, and nobody can turn a “bad government” into a “good” one. Some groups might even be happy with the status quo. But international partners can help what’s already good in South Sudan become even better by building on the existing social, economic, and democratic activities. Over many generations this kind of approach could build a country the right way: enterprise by enterprise and community by community. Christopher W. Douglas has an M.A. in diplomacy and international commerce from the Patterson School. He serves as managing director of the American 501(c)3 Lone Star — Africa Works, which connectedthe River Nile and Lulu Works cooperatives with their first American customers.

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The morung Express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender. Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.




6 August 2015


The idea of India W saroj Giri hen the 'fascist' Modi was verging on becoming India's Prime Minister, intellectuals told us that he would be a threat to the very idea of an inclusive and democratic India. Amartya Sen declared that he could not be part of an India which had Modi as its PM. Modi is now PM, but nowhere does it seem that he has to abandon the idea of India in order to pursue his agenda. Instead many proponents of the idea of India have become Modisupporters. Sen himself now says that Modi is no reason to leave the country! One major votary of 'the idea of India', Ramchandra Guha, informs us that Rabindranath Tagore used the phrase in a letter to a friend in 1921, writing that “the idea of India is against the intense consciousness of the separateness of one’s own people from others, which inevitably leads to ceaseless conflicts”. Be that as it may, the point I want to make here is this: if ever there was any hegemonic claim which is enormously difficult, almost impossible, to expose or unpack, then 'the idea of India' is that claim. The Thatcherite idea of 'There is no alternative' (TINA), for example, would pale in terms of its hegemonic effects and vice-like grip by comparison. The idea of India is indeed part of what Perry Anderson called the 'Indian ideology', even though his critique of this ideology proved woefully inadequate. The idea of India performs a remarkable feat with utmost dexterity: pushing a right-wing agenda (like the defence of private property) through progressive, left-wing values and proposals. The Indian constitution, on which the idea of India largely rests, is so replete with values like democracy and even social transformation that it needs enormous critical acumen to cut through its many radicalsounding layers. Large sections of the left pathetically compete with each other and render liberals jobless in trying to don the mantle of being the true defenders of this idea and the Indian constitution. Like firing from somebody else's shoulders, Indian elites early on in the 1940s managed to get their constitution drafted by a radical leader of the oppressed castes, none other than B. R. Ambedkar who otherwise was up against this 'upper caste' elite. Ambedkar joining the Constituent Assembly backed by the upper caste elite was a tremendous 'achievement', a pernicious move. This one stroke allowed the Indian elite and capitalist class massive leverage and made their hegemonic claims, now penned by a radical, appear as the truest and most genuine of intentions. Both Dalits and the left were marginalised, if not bought over. Imagine, if the racist structure in the USA got someone like Malcolm X or Martin Luther King to draft the constitution of the USA, without of course really changing oppressive race relations - that would be a very clever and intelligent racist structure, indeed! The very fact of a constitution supposedly 'intending' to do away with racism would mean that racism gets represented in a new way: actually existing


espite being Asia’s third-largest economy, positioning itself as a major geopolitical player under a new nationalist government, India’s first ever Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) paints a grim picture of poverty and deprivation despite billions of dollars being funneled into state-sponsored welfare schemes. The survey, carried out in 640 districts under the aegis of the Rural Development Ministry, provides comprehensive data on a raft of socioeconomic indicators like occupation, education, religion, caste/tribe status, employment, income, assets, housing and land owned in individual as well as household categories. Of the 179 million households covered, nearly half are rural. Of these rural households, over 21.53 percent belong to a Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribe (ST), the traditionally oppressed classes for whom the Indian constitution provides special provisions to promote and protect their social, educational and economic interests. More than 60 percent of the surveyed rural households qualified as “deprived” on 14 parameters. In over 51.8 percent of rural families, the main income earners barely manage to keep their kitchen fires burning by working as manual or casual labourers making less than 80 dollars per month (four dollars a day). Further, just 20 percent of rural households own a vehicle, and only 11 percent own something as basic as a refrigerator. The census also gives a glimpse of rural India weighed down by landlessness and a lack of non-farm jobs. Across the country, 56 percent of households don’t own any land. Few households have a regular job and an insignificant number are taxpayers. Only 7.3 percent of households who fall into the scheduled castes category, and only 9.7 percent of all rural households in total, have a family member with a salaried job. About 30 percent of those surveyed list themselves as cultivators, and man-

Former Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, left, watches as India’s opposition Congress party president Sonia Gandhi, center, and other lawmakers shout slogans against the government during a protest in the parliament premises in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, August 5, 2015. The opposition has been demanding that two leaders of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party resign for allegedly helping a former Indian cricket official facing investigation for financial irregularities. (AP Photo/Manish Swarup)

racism would now be seen as a 'deviation' from the constitution, or from the intent of the 'founding fathers' of the constitution. The focus would be to realise the 'vision' of the 'fathers of the constitution' rather than fighting racism per se. The reality of racism gets underplayed, undermined. This logic is better practiced in India. Secularism Let us have a close look at one key component of this idea of India as embedded in the Indian constitution - secularism against communalism (meaning mostly Hindu majoritarianism). A secular constitution now meant that communalism or attacks on minorities would be presented as a deviation, a violation of the constitution. The reality of communalism is underplayed as it gets presented as a deviation from the normal. Communalism is cognised as a discursive displacement, a violation, not really that pervasive since it 'normally' does not exist. Communalism is not

about what actually exists in society but is like a second-order effect which one gets when the constitution is violated. Hence, till today the massacre of Sikhs in 1984 engineered by the ruling secular Congress or the 2002 pogrom of Muslims backed by Narendra Modi who is the Prime Minister today (and innumerable 'small' massacres or riots) would never be 'enough' to account for the persistence of communalism as a persistent, normal feature of Indian society, and not just the handiwork of a narrowly defined 'Hindu right-wing'. There have been approximately 60 major communal riots since 1961. A huge majority of them took place under the rule of the ideologically secular Congress and very few under the ideologically communal BJP. Anyone can see that communalism is an internal moment of secularism and not a deviation from it - but the defenders of the secular-democratic idea of India deny this. They present secularism as the way to defeat communalism. No amount of 'empirical evidence',

New census paints grim picture of inequality in India

massacres and progroms, is enough to drive home this point so long as communalism is understood as a 'deviation from secularism'. A positively existing secularism is already assumed, such that the struggle and the progressive movement must be directed towards defending this secularism - defending something which is non-existent! Many of the people's movements for secularism are steeped in the ideological mystification of the idea of India. How does one fight communalism, in this formulation? Of course, by 'strengthening our secular constitution' rather than directly fighting communal forces! Thus, when in Bombay of the 1960s the right-wing 'fascist' Shiv Sena directly attacked and decimated leftwing forces, the left ran to the police and law enforcement agencies for protection, pretty much repudiating the struggle on the ground - they thought that they should struggle within the constitutional norms, uphold secularism and not fall into the trap of the right-wing to lure the left into a fight outside the limits of the constitution. The left 'sincerely' upheld the constitution only to lose the battle. The constitution is the perpetual price the left happily pays for their perpetual defeat and deep decline in India! The more communalism intensifies, the more fervently one is expected to stick to secularism. Secularism created its own conditions, its own necessity by redefining communalism as a deviation from it. This has led to a downward spiral, now ending in a pathological attachment to secularism and the idea of India. It is only now with new forces within the Muslim minority like the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM), who reject official secularism, that this spiral is being checked. MIM claims to fight communalism directly and not through the mediation of secularism. But this 'break' has come from the right-wing rather than the left. In their own way, forces like MIM have realised the ideological duplicity of Indian secularism. The idea of India is not incomplete or defective. It does not suffer from a lack as such. It is a full and a perfect discursive machine, reproducing 'reality', and thereby making itself indispensable in the cause of justice, democracy and equality. It is presented as a radical intervention in the grim realities of India, for example, reducing inequalities in a deeply divided and unequal society. That inequalities have not been reduced one iota, and in fact have increased since Independence in 1947 is a fact which even its votaries cannot deny. But by promising to reduce inequalities, creating trust in this promise, such that radicals too were inducted in its project, it has produced these seriously deceptive hegemonic effects. The idea of India created the very conditions for its own relevance. Any other progressive path and any other left-wing approach would by now have been criminalized and repressed. Nehru's commitment to social justice in the famous Objective Resolutions of the Constituent Assembly could go handin-hand with sending the army in to crush the Telangana peasant rebellion. There is just one word for the whole idea of India: pernicious. Saroj Giri is a lecturer in Political Science, University of Delhi, Delhi. He writes on contemporary social and political issues and is an activist.

Adverse Effects of Labor Unions’ Strike on Economic System


ave you ever passed a picket line and wondered why the workers were on strike? When you see something like that, it could be a show of grievance organized by a Labor Union, which exists to protect the interests of its members. Since Labor Unions are formed to negotiate various employment issues such as salary, fringe benefits, work hours, and working conditions, a strike is what they do: stop work and picket against their government, or the private business firms which they work for, until their demands are met. In the United States, Labor Unions began as a means to protect workers from the terrible injustices employers inflicted on their workers in the 19th century during the U.S. Industrial Revolution. During that time, employers took advantage of workers, subjecting them to long working hours, low pay, and health risks. Women were treated even worse and paid less. As a result, many of these workers had no choice but to join together to fight for better working conditions and employees’ rights. All this eventually caused the government to pass certain Labor Laws. Since these Laws are considered fair to workers, and those found guilty of violating them are appropriately penalized or prosecuted, the need for workers’ Unions has greatly disappeared. Today, for instance, Union membership has declined to a little over 12 percent of the total U.S. workforce.As for the role of strike or picketing against the government or private firms, there is hardly any need for it anymore because the Court exists to handle any dispute or issue of injustices in the workplaces. In Sweden and Denmark, more than 75 percent of workers belong to Labor Unions. And yet, interestingly, these countries are highly productive because their Union workers are conscientiously hard-working and faithful in discharging their duties. These Unions not only fight for higher wages and better benefits for their members, but they also hold the individual members accountable to do their assigned duties and make sure they allfunction together as a productive workforce. In contrast, Labor Unions in less developed countries tend to fight with their private firm employers or governmental authorityfor higher wages and more fringe benefits even though the workers themselves may not be faithfully performing their duties. For example, when a Labor Union in India bargains with the government, it asks for higher wages and better benefits. If the Union and the government can’t reach an agreement, the Union then organizes a withdrawal from duty and protests against the authority. Because a strike reduces production or cut off services, this causes the public to suffer but forces the government to listen or cave in to the Union’s demands. Often times, in India, these are just political games between an irresponsible government and a Labor Union that doesn’t like to labor much. If Union workers are not proven productive at their jobs or shown reasonableness in their demands, their strike may sometimes backfire---that is, they may risk losing income throughout the strike period. Or even if a new contract agreement is reached, gaining a small concession may not be worth the lost wages for the strike period and/ or the bad relationship created with those in authority. Additionally, strikers might be fired or replaced as the government may have the authority to hire replacement personnel, known as strike breakers or scabs. Even when a Union may be successful in raising the wages of their members, this is usually not very good news for non-Union members. First of all, the company that was forced to pay higher wages or provide better benefits would have to cut down other costs. Often this would mean reducing the quantity of labor needed, thereby causing some workers to be laid off from work or discontinue new hiring. Second, workers who are not member of the Unionor those who were previously employed and are now unemployed are often worse off. This situation often causes conflict between different categories of workers. In other words, workers in a union reap the benefits of collective bargaining, while workers not in a Union bear some of the cost. Perhaps, what happened recently with the Nagaland Staff Nurse Association (NSNA) and the Nursing Sisters without Degree and Diploma (RNRM) should serve as an eye-opener for all of us. Although the demand of the NSNA for equal promotion opportunity was certainly legitimate, their imposition of an 11-day strike was a wasted exercise for them. In the midst of all this agitation, their patients were affected worst as they were left unattended. Also, one wonders if this action of the part of the Staff Nurses has in some way adversely affected their relationship with the Nursing Sisters. But, fortunately, the strike ended well, having finally decided to redress their grievance through the legal route instead of continuing the strike. On the other hand, the government must be blamed for causing the problem for the Staff Nurses in the first place. The first mistake was the appointment of too many nurses as government employees. Instead, if the private sector were to be empowered and given incentives to run private hospitals and provide health care services, we might have less workers’ agitation butmore quality services. Then, the second mistake on the part of the government was in its failure to put a proper procedure in place to ensure the provision of the equal promotion opportunity. But considering the current situation we Nagas are in (e.g., already having too many government employees and too limited funds), I believe the government did the right thing when it refused to cave in to the demands of the Staff Nurses in the recent statewide strike. Indeed, workers should have the right to form Unions and to petition their government for a redress of their grievances. While all this is acceptable to a certain extent, sometimes some Unions can, however, abuse their rights or freedom. When a situation like that happens, the government must step in so as to stop such abuse or tackle any extremism on the part of any Union. But it must do so by using its governmental system prescribed in the Constitution or the Bye-Laws of the work places so as restore a balance of power and keep the economic engine working uninterrupted.

Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha have the poorest indicators for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, but even in more developed southern states like Kerala and Tamil Nadu, family incomes are low and dependence on casual manual labour is high. Neeta Lal The countryside remains unable to find jobs that can pull families out Inter Press service of poverty while agriculture remains ual casual labour is the primary source Activists point out that despite at subsistence levels, with low mechof income for 51.14 percent of house- state-mentored flagship schemes like anisation, limited irrigation facilities holds. Just about 14 percent have non- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), the ed- and little access to credit. farm jobs, with the government, public ucation for all movement aimed at The alarming and all-pervasive or private sector. achieving universal elementary educa- poverty, say activists, should alert polThe statistics are even bleaker for tion, 23.52 percent rural families have icy makers to framing more inclusive scheduled castes and tribal house- no literate adult above 25 years. policies effectively implemented on holds: despite decades of affirmative Fewer than 10 percent in India ad- ground zero. action, only 3.96 percent of rural SC vance beyond the higher secondary “This is a wake-up call for urgent households and 4.38 percent of ST level in school and just 3.41 percent of action on the policy front as the backhouseholds are employed in the gov- rural households have a family mem- ward castes have been neglected for ernment sector. ber who is at least a graduate. far too long,” Dalit activist Paul Divakar This plummets to 2.42 percent for A state-by-state breakdown of the told IPS. scheduled castes and 1.48 per cent latest census shows that nearly every “The SECC demonstrates that ecofor tribal communities in the private second rural resident (47.5 percent of nomic development of this demosector. Fewer than five percent of ru- the rural population) in the northwest graphic is not the government’s priral households pay income tax. Even state of Rajasthan – the largest in the ority. These sections continue to lag among rich states, like Kerala, Tamil country by land area – is illiterate. behind on most human development Nadu and Maharashtra, this number Meanwhile, states like West Ben- indices because of non-implementahovers around the five percent mark. gal, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand, Madhya tion of policies and lack of targeted de“The census is an eye-opener. It Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh velopment related to their social idenclearly demonstrates that the benefits and Chhattisgarh account for over 180 tity. of high economic growth have not per- million of the over 300 million illiterate “A holistic state intervention is vital colated down to large sections of the people in rural India. for their all-round development,” he population despite billions being funSimilarly, housing for all remains added. neled into schemes for poverty-allevia- a chimera despite the existence of InEconomists opine that for a country tion, ‘education for all’ and job-genera- dira Awaas Yojana, one of the biggest like India, which holds the paradoxical tion,” said Ranjana Kumari, director of and most comprehensive rural hous- distinction of being a rising economy the New Delhi-based Centre for Social ing programmes ever taken up in the as well as hosting the largest number Research country, which has been in operation of the world’s poor, policies need to be What is most disconcerting, ac- since 1985. especially nuanced for growth to be cording to Kumari, is that the census The scheme aims to provide subsi- equitable. figures not only highlight rampant pov- dies and cash-assistance to the poor to “Of India’s 1.2-billion-strong poperty but also generational poverty. construct their own houses. Yet three ulation, a whopping 60 percent are of “Despite over six decades of inde- out of 10 families, according to the working age,” according to Kumari of pendence, millions still continue to SECC, live in one-room houses, while the Centre for Social Research. “Yet languish in depressing poverty, de- 22 million households (roughly 100 only a small percentage has been abprived of most social benefits like job million persons or four times the pop- sorbed into the formal workforce. Rusecurity, education and a roof over ulation of Australia) live in homes con- ral poverty is an outcome of low protheir heads. Policy makers and econ- structed from grass, bamboo, plastic or ductivity, which leads to low incomes. omists have been keeping their eyes polythene, with nothing but thatched “We need to create an ecosystem closed. Government after government or tin roofs standing between them for faster growth of productive jobs is guilty of this criminal neglect of the and the elements. outside the agrarian sector. Social prodisempowered,” she added. The eastern and central States of tection schemes need to be univer” shethe concluded. Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page dosalised, not reflect outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.




Thursday 6 August 2015

The Morung Express

Amid Parliament logjam, Congress protest continues

Activists of India’s opposition Congress party beat a placard with portrait of Prime Minster Narendra Modi during a protest in Mumbai on Wednesday, August 5. The opposition has been demanding that two leaders of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party resign for allegedly helping a former Indian cricket official facing investigation for financial irregularities. Placard reads, "We will not accept one man rule". (AP Photo)

New Delhi, August 5 (iANs): The Congress and some opposition parties on Wednesday persisted with their protest against the suspension of 25 parliamentarians as logjam in the Rajya Sabha continued over the opposition demand for the resignations of three BJP leaders. The BJP appealed to the Congress to reconsider its boycott of the Lok Sabha. Congress president Sonia Gandhi led the protest by party MPs near Mahatma Gandhi's statue within the parliament complex

on the second successive day over the suspension of party MPs by Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan. The MPs wore black bands as a mark of protest and raised slogans against the NDA government. "End dictatorship", "Prime Minister break silence" "where have the 'achhe din (good days)' gone" and "Sushma Swaraj resign" were some of the slogans raised. "We will continue the agitation tomorrow (Thursday)" as well, the Congress chief told the media.

Sonia Gandhi said she was not aware of any proposal from the government to end the parliament logjam or for revocation of the suspension of the party MPs. Janata Dal-United leaders Sharad Yadav and K.C. Tyagi, Samajwadi Party's (SP) Dharmendra Yadav, Rashtriya Janata Dal's (RJD) Jaya Prakash Narayan Yadav, Communist Party of India-Marxist's P. Karunakaran, Communist Party of India's D. Raja and Indian Union Muslim League leader E. Ahamed

were among those who participated in the protest. Former prime minister Manmohan Singh was among those present. Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi said the party did "not like the decision of the Lok Sabha speaker, but we respect her position". The party's chief whip in the Lok Sabha, Jyotiraditya Scindia, said the suspended MPs will not submit an apology to Speaker Sumitra Mahajan. The Speaker had on Monday suspended the Congress parliamentarians for five days for "wilfully obstructing the business of the house" and not adhering to her repeated requests to observe the rules in the house. The Congress is pressing for the resignations of External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje over their alleged help to former IPL chief Lalit Modi and of Madhya Pradesh chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan over the Vyapam scam. When the Lok Sabha assembled on Wednesday morning, opposition parties, including the SP, RJD and the Nationalist Con-

gress Party began shouting slogans against the government and wanted to raise their issues. The speaker declined to entertain their requests and the members of the three parties staged a walkout. Besides the Congress and Trinamool Congress, members of the Left parties and Muslim League were also not present in the house. The Rajya Sabha faced two adjournments before being adjourned for the day as the Congress members kept raising slogans against the government and accused it of being "dictatorial". Soon after the upper house reassembled at 2 p.m. after two adjournments, the Congress members trooped into the well shouting slogans against the Narendra Modi government. Deputy Chairman P.J. Kurien tried to run the house but as the Congress members did not relent, he adjourned the house for the day. The Rajya Sabha has been facing continuous disruptions since the start of parliament's monsoon session since July 21. Parliamentary Affairs

Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu told reporters that the opposition boycott in the Lok Sabha was a "disservice" to the nation and urged all opposition members to come back to the house. "The government is ready to discuss any issue and if the opposition wants, the prime minister is ready to intervene," Naidu said. He said the Congress had no moral right to oppose the suspension of its 25 MPs. Naidu said 63 MPs were suspended in 1989 during the Congress rule and even in the previous UPA rule, some members faced similar action. Environment and Forests Minister Prakash Javadekar said the Congress should apologise to the speaker for the behaviour of its members. Communications and Information and Technology Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said that the Congress "attitude" was not conveying a positive image of the country. "They should review their stubborn attitude. The opposition has a role in parliamentary democracy and the people expect parliament to pass bills," Prasad told media persons.

Government should withdraw vague order on porn sites: ISPs New Delhi, August 5 (iANs): Even as the government has said Internet Service Providers were free not to block any of the 857 websites suspected for pornographic content unless they were abusive of children, the industry body of the ISPs said on Wednesday that the directive was "vague and unimplementable". The Internet Service Providers Association of Inda (ISPAI) has urged the government to withdraw its earlier directive on banning porn sites and the subsequent amendment that the ISPs are "free not to disable any of the 857 URLs." The letter to the service providers on Tuesday was issued by the Department of Telecom and it sought to clarify the position of an earlier missive, in which a list containing the names of 857 sites was provided with a directive that these be blocked for showing pornography. But the ISPAI, which has 50 members, said in its letter that even the so called clarification by the government was "unclear, and was imposing an undue burden" on a matter that was beyond their control to regulate. “We submit that direction given above is very vague and unimplementable, as ISPs have no way or mechanism to filter out child pornography from URLs and further unlimited sub links of the said URLs in different different name," said the letter to the telecom secretary. "Sir, we are totally against online child pornography as well as abuse on women,” the letter said and assured that member organisations will continue to follow the norms, which require web sites that are against "national interest" to be blocked, based on the state's directives. “We urge you to withdraw the said vague directive as it is not only confusing, but also putting responsibility on ISPs of the website on which ISPs does not have any control," said the letter. But till further directives, the said 857 sites will continue to be blocked, it said. "We want a specific direction from the licensor, not an open ended one, where the onus lies on us of the website that are not owned by us," Rajesh Chharia, president, ISPAI told IANS. The government had earlier said the ban was a temporary measure till final orders were given by the Supreme Court had said banning such sites will violate an individual's right to liberty. The apex court is slated to take up the matter on August 10.

No clean chit to Maggi: Food safety watchdog 29 die as two trains derail, coaches fall into river New Delhi, August 5 (iANs): India's food safety regulator on Wednesday said Nestle India has not been given a clean chit regarding its popular Maggi noodles and that its ban order of June 5 was still operative despite a certified lab in Karnataka reportedly finding the snack to be safe. "It is clarified in the first instance that FSSAI has not given any clean chit regarding the safety of Maggi Noodles," the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India said in a statement, reacting to reports that a laboratory in Mysore had found the samples to be safe. The watchdog also said that Nestle India has not shared with it the details of the test reports from the UK and Singapore, which purportedly had said that samples of Maggi noodles tested in those countries were found to be safe for consumption. The statement said that the Food Safety Department of Goa had drawn five samples of Maggi noodles pursuant to a May 25 communication issued by the watchdog to all safety commissioners across the country.

These samples, were initially sent for testing to the Food and Drugs Laboratory of Goa and upon examining the reports received on June 1, it was found that the permissible limit of lead had been wrongly taken 10 parts per million, against 2.5 parts per million, it said. The results reported by t h e lab also did not specify the actual lead content in the samples after which clarifications were sought from the state's food safety authority. "The Food Safety Department of Goa subsequently sent one part of the said samples to the Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore where the lead has been found to be within permissible limits," it said. "But a perusal of the test results from CFTRI, Mysore shows that the said samples have not been tested for MSG (mono-sodium glutamate)," it added. "In any case, the test results of Goa samples had no bearing on the order dated 5th June, 2015 as the samples tested qua Goa were not assumed to be unsafe while passing the recall or-

UGC to get Rs.6.18 crore to provide Wi-Fi in varsities New Delhi, August 5 (iANs): The University Grants Commission (UGC) has been sanctioned Rs.6.18 crore for providing Wi-Fi facility in universities, parliament was informed on Wednesday. Human Resource Development Minister Smriti Irani, in a written reply to the Lok Sabha, said that so far, 85,335 government and government-aided, secondary and higher secondary schools have been approved for coverage. "The wi-fi facility would help students have access to educational content available on the web and download the same for learning and enhancing their knowledge base," she said. Irani said the government proposes to provide wi-fi facility in universities through a programme 'Campus Connect'. "As regards schools, there is a component under the Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhijan (RMSA) for providing financial assistance to the states/UTs for internet connectivity to government-aided secondary and higher secondary schools among other ICT related interventions," she said.

der by FSSAI. As such, the present test reports do not have any bearing on that order." The statement also sought to clarify that out of five units where Nestle was manufacturing Maggi noodles, only one at the Bicholim in Goa was catering to exports to eight countries. It also said four out of the five samples taken by Goa for testing were from this factory. Asked for the response regarding the reports from Goa, a Nestle spokesperson said the company had only received information on the matter via media reports that a lab approved by the food safety authority had found Maggi noodles to be compliant with the standards. "The matter is sub-judice and we cannot comment further," the spokesperson added. The reference was to the ongoing hearing in the Bombay High Court. Maggi noodles had been banned on June 5 after allegedly high amount of lead and MSG were found in the samples. Following that, Nestle withdrew all the variants of the noodle, while continuing to maintain that its products were safe.

hArDA (MP), August 5 (Pti): At least 29 passengers, including 11 women and five children, were killed and 25 others injured when several coaches of two trains, one heading to Mumbai and another to Varanasi, derailed over a railway bridge in Harda district and plunged into the swollen Machak river. Over 250 passengers have been rescued, a railway official said. The Railway Ministry has ordered an inquiry into the twin train derailments and compensation for the families of the victims. "Twenty nine bodies, including those of 13 men, 11 women and five children, have been recovered so far from the mishap site between Khirkiya and Harda, about 160 kms from Bhopal," Madhya Pradesh government spokesman Anupam Rajan told PTI, adding that the toll could further go up. According to Central Railway PRO Piyush Mathur, 7 coaches of Kamayani Express, heading from Mumbai to Varanasi, and three bogies plus the

14.3 percent of India's researchers are women New Delhi, August 5 (iANs): Of the 1.53 lakh researchers in India, 27,532 are women, the Lok Sabha was informed on Wednesday. In a written reply, Minister of State Science and Technology Y.S. Chowdary said 14.3% of the researchers in the country were women. Citing data from the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), he also said that the country registers "far fewer" research application in comparison to other developing and developed countries. "In 2013, India registered 43,031 patents in comparison to 825,136 by China, 571,612 by the US, 328,436 by Japan, 204,589 by

South Korea, 63,167 by Germany and 44,914 by Russia." Chowdary blamed "lack of awareness" on filing patents, its benefits among individuals, academic institutions and industries and low spending on research and development by private sector as the prime reasons behind the lesser registering of patents. "The government has taken various steps to encourage patent filing like generating awareness programmes among stakeholders, encouraging potential applicants, organising knowledge expo and design summit for filing patents in collaboration with WIPO," said the minister.

Cabinet approves proposal to sign agreement with UNESCO New Delhi, August 5 (Pti): The Union Cabinet today approved a proposal to sign an agreement with UNESCO for establishment of a Centre for World Natural Heritage Management and Training for Asia-Pacific region at the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) in Dehradun as a category-2 centre of the UN body. The Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the proposal for signing the pact which was mooted by the Environment Ministry and the Centre will provide capacity building support to countries in the region for upkeep of heritage and natural sites.

This is the first time that an existing institute will be accorded recognition by UNESCO. There are nine category 2 centres related to cultural heritage and the Centre at WII is the first for natural heritage. "The centre will provide capacity building support to countries of the region for upkeep of heritage sites, including natural heritage sites and mixed (cultural and natural) heritage sites inscribed under the World Heritage Convention," sources said. According to the UNESCO website, the body has designated 98 International and Regional Institutes and Centres as

Category 2 under the auspices of UNESCO. Though not legally part of the organization, these institutes and centres are associated with UNESCO through formal arrangements approved by the General Conference. They are selected upon proposal by Member State(s). After the establishment of the Centre in Dehradun, India will be uniquely placed to provide services for preparation and evaluation of proposals for new sites in Asia-Pacific region and training and capacity building on management and monitoring of heritage sites. The step will also have a cat-

alytic effect on improving management of heritage sites in the country. India has 32 properties inscribed including seven natural sites which includes 39 serial sites in the Western Ghats, all parts of forest, sanctuaries and national parks. The operationalising of the UNESCO C2C at WII would enable India to establish her leadership in the Asia-Pacific region, which comprises of around 50 countries, in matters relating to identification, management and monitoring of world heritage and to build capacity of a range of professionals and stakeholders.

In this image made from video, people gather by the twisted track alongside two derailed trains in Harda in Madhya Pradesh on Wednesday, August 5. (AP Photo)

engine of the Rajendra NagarMumbai Janata Express derailed at 11 PM last night. "Nearly 25 passengers suffered injuries," he said. Making a suo motu statement on the incident in Parliament, Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu said track washout due

to a swollen Machak river led to the derailment of the two trains. Commissioner Railway Safety (central zone) will conduct an inquiry into the accidents, Railway Spokesperson Anil Saxena said. He said though prime facie flash floods led to the de-

railment of the two trains, the real cause will be ascertained after submission of the inquiry report. The official said just eight minutes before the accident, two trains had crossed that section and their drivers did not detect any problem.

Pakistani terrorist captured as ambush kills two BSF troopers JAMMu, August 5 (iANs): For the first time after the 2008 Mumbai terror attack, Indian security forces on Wednesday captured a Pakistani terrorist shortly after militants killed two BSF troopers in Jammu and Kashmir. Police officials said the young terrorist, identified as Usman alias Qasim Khan, hailed from Gujranwala in Pakistan and was linked to the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), the group which carried out the horrific 2008 Mumbai terror attack. As he was brought down from a mountainous village bound by ropes, the terrorist, believed to be not over 18-years old, looked hassled. He wore a black shirt and trouser. A short while later, security personnel hooded his face. The dramatic development took place after two militants, reportedly from Pakistan, ambushed a Border Security Force convoy on the Jammu-Srinagar highway in Udhampur district, killing two troopers and injuring 11. This happened around 7.30 a.m. at Narsu Nallah, 65 km from Jammu. One of the militants was shot dead by the BSF personnel who were on their way to the Kashmir Valley. The second attacker fled from the spot, towards Chirdi village in the hills, pursued by security forces.In

the small village, the armed man first took hostage three civilians and forced them to give him food, witnesses later told journalists. He also kept asking about the fate of his colleague. According to one account, when a group of villagers nabbed him, he began to plead: "Mujhe mat pakdo, mujhe mat pakdo." (Don't catch me, don't catch me.) The subsequent developments were not clear until officials announced that the terrorist had been taken into custody. The hostages were freed. A BSF officer said he was being interrogated by the Jammu and Kashmir Police. It was the first attack on that stretch of the Jammu-Srinagar highway after 15 long years. The BSF vehicle was peppered with bullets but the men fought back, the officer said. In New Delhi, a home ministry official confirmed one terrorist had been killed and another captured but said nothing about their nationality. Home Minister Rajnath Singh said he had spoken to BSF chief D.K. Pathak. A senior police officer told IANS: "The lone militant who had taken three villagers hostage after entering a house in Chirdi village has been arrested and the hostages have been

freed." The officer said search operation in the area were on to know if there were more militants. The attack took place on the 300-km highway that links Jammu region with the Kashmir Valley and is practically a lifeline for Srinagar. The last attack on this stretch of the highway took place in 2000 when a bridge guarded by the BSF in Ramban district was targeted. No casualty or damage occurred then. Former Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Omar Abdullah said the Wednesday attack was a "worrying development because (the) area was militant free" for a long time. His father and National Conference leader Farooq Abdullah urged New Delhi to call off the proposed talks between the National Security Advisers of India and Pakistan. He said the militants had come from Pakistan and it was not advisable to go for talks with Islamabad at such a juncture. Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi said the attack was "extremely worrying" because it followed the July 27 terrorist attack at a town in Gurdaspur district in Punjab that left seven people dead. Gurdaspur borders Pakistan, and those attackers too were believed to be Pakistanis.


the Morung express

Thursday 6 August 2015



Crackdown in China on church crosses Didi Tang


In this July 27, 2015 image taken from video, Chinese government workers use a jackhammer to cut down a cross at the Taitou Village Protestant church in Pingyang County in eastern China’s Zhejiang Province. A massive government campaign is underway in Zhejiang, where authorities are believed to be under a two-month deadline to remove crosses from the spires, vaults, roofs and wall arches of the 4,000 or so Protestant and Catholic churches that dot the landscape of the region. (AP File Photo)

Associated Press

bout a dozen Catholics wept and sang hymns outside their church as a man climbed to the top of the building and sliced off its steel cross with a cutting torch. It toppled with a thud. “Aren’t you ashamed of what you have done?” a teary woman yelled at the more than 100 security guards, who along with police and government workers kept the parishioners of Lower Dafei Catholic Church from protecting the symbol of their faith. The guards, who stood with shields and batons in the sun for nearly two hours, looked indifferent. “Doesn’t the government give us the right to religious freedom? Why are they taking down our symbol without any explanation?” another parishioner said hours earlier, as government workers arrived to build the scaffolding to reach the cross. “We have violated no law. We do not oppose the government,” said the parishioner, “We have been good, law-abiding citizens.” Authorities in southeastern Zhejiang province are believed to be under a two-month deadline to remove crosses from the spires, vaults, roofs and wall arches of the 4,000 or so churches that dot the landscape of this economically thriving region. In a rare move, even China’s semiofficial Christian associations — which are supposed to ensure the ruling Communist Party’s control over Protestant and Catholic groups — have denounced the campaign as unconstitutional and humiliating. They have warned that it could risk turning the faithful into enemies of the party. The campaign is believed to be the will of President and Communist Party leader Xi Jinping, whose administration has launched the most severe crackdown in decades on social forces that might challenge the monopoly of the party’s rule.

But Yang Fenggang, an expert on China’s religions at Purdue University, said the party may have miscalculated and could be creating the very instability it is trying to avoid. He said the campaign to assert state power over officially sanctioned churches has been ordered by the central government and is likely being carried out as a kind of experiment in Zhejiang, where the provincial party chief, Xia Baolong, is a trusted ally of Xi. The massive campaign comes one year after the provincial leadership ordered the razing of several churches and hundreds of rooftop crosses deemed to be illegal structures. This summer, Zhejiang banned rooftop crosses altogether. Despite criticism that the new rule violates China’s constitutional right of religious freedom, local enforcers are sending demolition crews to virtually all the province’s churches. They have met with resistance. Parishioners have kept vigils and tried to block entrances to church grounds with cargo trucks, and many churches have re-erected crosses in defiance. Since Xi came into power in late 2012, Beijing has hushed voices critical of its policies and practices in China’s social media, locked up members of the New Citizens Movement who had called for greater government accountability, and, most recently, rounded up rights lawyers who insist China’s law must be followed to the letter and applied equally to the people and the state. In targeting Christians, the party is going after a group possibly bigger than itself. Yang said Christians probably number close to 100 million after more than three decades of rapid growth, though official figures are much lower. The Communist Party has nearly 88 million members. In a troubling sign for the party, a sizable portion of its nominally atheist membership holds Christian, Buddhist, Muslim or other beliefs. The party is worried that religion —

especially versions of Christianity rooted in the West — could subvert its rule. The party tried to wipe out religion altogether during the ideological fervor of the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, but later restored the right to worship. In ensuing decades, religious participation has grown as people seek to fill a spiritual void. Still, Beijing retains tight controls over all religious groups, requiring them to register with the state or be labeled illegal. It claims the exclusive right to appoint Catholic bishops within China, instead of the Vatican. In the western regions of Tibet and Xinjiang, where Buddhist and Islamic beliefs mingle with ethnic identities, the government also has sought to curb some of the visible symbols of faith, including beards and veils, and installed surveillance cameras in and around monasteries and mosques. The rules Zhejiang adopted in early July say crosses should be wholly affixed to a building facade and be no more than one-tenth of the facade’s height. No rationale has been provided, and the provincial government did not respond to an Associated Press request for an interview. The Catholic Patriotic Association of Zhejiang has said it is illegal to remove crosses from properly registered churches. The Christian Association of Zhejiang warned the act has caused animosity toward the ruling party. Both groups called for an immediate halt. Yang said the rare open opposition from the government-sanctioned Christian associations, which serve as liaisons between the authorities and rank-and-file Christians, means the authorities could lose this important conduit. “Now this bridge has been burned,” he said. Fear, frustration and fury are probably most palpable in the municipality of Wenzhou, tucked between China’s eastern coastline

and rugged mountain ranges. With its 2,000 or so churches, Wenzhou, home to 9 million people, is as wellknown as a bastion of Christianity as it is for its gritty entrepreneurship. Almost every township has its own claim to a line of products — whether it be buttons, shoe soles, pet products or children’s toys. Almost every village has a church or two, joining the landscape of rice paddies, farmhouses and factories. Zhu Libin, president of the Wenzhou Christian Association, is torn between fellow Christians, who want him to speak on their behalf, and local authorities, who want him to persuade churches to comply. When asked to comment on the continuing cross removals, he stood up and walked out. Moments later, he returned but refused to answer. Zhu Weifang, an officially appointed bishop, declined to be interviewed, but he and two dozen other Catholic officials and priests signed a strongly worded letter calling the new rules unlawful. In village churches, Protestants and Catholics are defying orders to remove crosses on their own and keeping around-the-clock vigils in slim hopes of holding off demolition crews. Many have defiantly re-erected the crosses. Tears welled in the eyes of Tu Shouzhe when he recalled how authorities forcibly removed the cross from his Protestant church in the village of Muyang on a hot, humid summer afternoon. In Lower Dafei Village, the demolition crew descended one morning last week, but soon realized it could not scale the spire to get to the cross. They returned in the afternoon with poles for scaffolding and a cutting torch. Officials barred a photographer and videojournalist from the AP from documenting the demolition, but another reporter was present, apparently the first foreign media to capture images of such a cross removal.

Rise in women, children Myanmar factions find common cause in fighting malaria How deadly brain disease spreads from gut WASHINgtON, AUgUSt 5 (AP): ington to provide a neutral venue. She ruary, based on blood samples from casualties in Afghan war Setting aside decades of animosity said the participants agreed to work 940 people with malaria from 55 sites KABUL, AUgUSt 5 (AP): The United Nations said on Wednesday that an increasing number of women and children were getting hurt or killed in Afghanistan’s war against the Taliban and other insurgents. The total number of casualties in the almost 14-year conflict was up one percent in the first half of this year, compared to the same period last year, a new U.N. report said. However, the number of women casualties rose by 23 percent and children 13 percent. Danielle Bell, director of the Human Rights Unit at the U.N.’s Assistant Mission in Afghanistan, said the alarming rise in casualties among women and children was due to ground fighting. UNAMA attributed 70 percent of civilian casualties to insurgent forces. She said the U.N. was not able to verify whether the Taliban were using civilians as hu-

man shields, but that a large number of casualties caused by pro-government troops stemmed from exchange of fire in residential areas. Afghanistan’s security forces have been fighting the Taliban alone since the withdrawal of U.S. and international combat troops last year. The Taliban have sought to take advantage by escalating their attacks, spreading their footprint from the south and east to the north, and joining forces with other insurgent groups. Afghan officials have said other insurgent groups, as well as the Islamic State group — which controls about onethird of Syria and Iraq and has a small but growing presence in Afghanistan — have joined the anti-government war. The UNAMA report said 4,921 civilian deaths and injuries were recorded in the first half of this year.

and suspicion, senior Myanmar government and military officials have held unprecedented discussions with representatives of the main opposition party and ethnic minorities in Washington on fighting a common enemy — malaria. Monday’s meeting, also attended by the U.S. government and military, scientific researchers and international foundations, comes amid growing concern over the spread of drug-resistant cases of the mosquitoborne disease in Myanmar and other Southeast Asian countries. If resistance gains a foothold and spreads further, it threatens the effectiveness of the primary medicine used to combat malaria, artemisinin. Therapies using artemisinin have helped cut global malaria deaths by a quarter in the past decade. The disease still kills about 600,000 annually. Myaing Myaing Nyunt from the University of Maryland Institute for Global Health, which helped organize the meeting at the Center for Strategic and International Studies think tank, said it was held in Wash-

together regardless of political situation in Myanmar, where landmark elections will be held Nov. 8. Speaking after several participants addressed a news conference Tuesday, she said two factors had made cooperation possible: the opening in the country after five decades of direct military rule, and the potentially catastrophic public health consequences posed by artemisinin-resistance. “Whoever wins the coming election, this malaria elimination program will go on, because there will still be this disease threatening our country,” Dr. Tin Myo Win, senior health adviser to Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of the main opposition National League for Democracy, told reporters. Deputy health minister, Thein Thein Htay, said malaria cases in Myanmar have decreased from more than 300,000 in 2013 to about 250,000 in 2014 but the nation’s porous borders leave it vulnerable. She said studies were still ongoing to determine how far drug-resistance has spread. Research published in Lancet Infectious Diseases journal in Feb-

New Taliban leader moves fast to heal rifts PESHAWAR/KABUL, AUgUSt 5 (REUtERS): If the first public comments from the Afghan Taliban’s newly appointed leader are anything to go by, Akhtar Mohammad Mansour recognises how fractured the militant movement has become and that humility and consensus may be his best way forward. Mansour, who was deputy to the late Taliban founder Mullah Mohammad Omar, is widely seen as close to neighbouring Pakistan’s powerful military intelligence, which helped create the Taliban in the 1990s and has maintained links ever since. That would suggest he was in favour of nascent peace talks with the Afghan government that Pakistan has strongly backed, and Mansour has endorsed negotiations previously. Yet his first speech since being named leader last week was an appeal to Taliban commanders opposed to negotiating with President Ashraf Ghani’s government in Kabul, which they see as a vassal of the West that must be overthrown. Experts believe it would be premature to read too much into those comments. “If he’s playing to his own audience and trying to consolidate his position, it wouldn’t make much sense to make announcements about seeking peace at the mo-

ment, as the peace talks issue is a make-or-break point within the Taliban,” said Thomas Ruttig, codirector of the Afghanistan Analysts Network in Kabul. With a touch of diplomacy, Mansour added: “We have to be patient and tolerant and bow our heads before other colleagues and then we will succeed. We should not impose our wishes on others.” Drug Trafficker, Recruiter, Prisoner, Warrior Born around 50 years ago in the southern Afghan region of Kandahar, Mansour studied in religious schools there and in northwestern Pakistan, interrupting his studies to fight after the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Taliban sources said. He became close to Omar, the movement’s late founder, being appointed aviation minister after the Taliban wrested control of Afghanistan from feuding warlords in 1996 and eventually rising to become his deputy. Mansour’s ties with Pakistan mean its intelligence service, the ISI, almost endorsed his recent appointment to succeed Omar, according to analysts. That relationship with Pakistan has seen Mansour branded as a tool of the ISI by adversaries chafing at Islamabad’s longstanding influence over the Taliban leadership.

Little is known of him personally. Mansour has never given an interview to the press, and in 2010 media reported that negotiators in Kabul who had thought they were meeting him in secret peace talks had, in fact, been talking to a grocer impersonating the Taliban No. 2. After being captured and imprisoned in Pakistan when the Taliban government was toppled in 2001, Mansour was repatriated and resumed his career in 2006, rising steadily through the group’s ranks as other commanders were eliminated. According to the United Nations Security Council, which put him on a list of Taliban officials targeted with sanctions, he mixed drug trafficking with other operations in the eastern provinces and was a top recruiter of anti-government fighters. By 2010, he had joined the main leadership council and is widely considered to have been the effective head of the movement since Omar’s death, which Afghanistan’s intelligence agency says happened more than two years ago. Social Networking Ruttig, who met Mansour in 2000 when he was serving as aviation minister in the Taliban government, said he had the impression of an intelligent man with a sharp mind who was ready to talk

at much more length than some of his colleagues. He helped oversee the opening of a Taliban office in the Qatari capital of Doha in 2013, underscoring perceptions that he was a pragmatist generally in favour of at least limited contact with the outside world. The fact that he released his first public comments via Facebook also suggests a leader more comfortable with modern methods of communication than the famously secretive Omar. Confirmation of Omar’s death last week cleared up some confusion over his fate, but also brought deep divisions within the Taliban out into the open. On Tuesday, Taliban official Syed Mohammad Tayab Agha announced he was resigning as director of the Political Office in Doha, set up to enable the Taliban to negotiate peace, because he disagreed with the way the succession was handled. As well as disharmony over the peace process, tensions also centre on rivalries between the Pashtuns of Mansour’s southern region of Kandahar and those in eastern Afghanistan.Small but increasing numbers of fighters are exchanging the white flag of the Taliban for the black insignia of the more brutal Islamic State, and the two groups have clashed.

across Myanmar, showed resistance was widespread across the country, including close to the western border with highly populated India. According to the World Health Organization, resistance has also been detected in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam. Myanmar suffers the most malaria deaths in the Mekong region. Among hardest-hit areas are those inhabited by ethnic minorities that have long fought central government control, and where many remain displaced by conflict and with little access to public health care. The military’s participation in the meeting was unusual in another respect. Despite the normalization of U.S.-Myanmar diplomatic ties three years ago, the U.S. still restricts engagement with the military, so it’s rare for Myanmar generals to visit the United States. Tin Maung Hlaing said that he met with Rear Adm. Colin Chinn, command surgeon of U.S. Pacific Command, who also attended Monday’s meeting.

LONdON, AUgUSt 5 (IANS): Offering hope for early detection of prion disease, a difficult to detect deadly brain condition in humans and farm animals, researchers have found how the proteins that cause the disorder spread from our gut. Until now, it was not known the proteins called prions - spread from the gut to the brain after consuming contaminated meat. “We need a greater understanding of what factors enhance our susceptibility to prion diseases so that we can put in place safeguards to prevent these conditions from spreading in people and farmed animals,” said lead researcher Neil Mabbott, professor at University of Edinburgh in Scotland. For the study, the researchers studied the course of prion infection in mice.They found that prions must first build up in specialised structures in the lining of the small intestine before they are able to spread throughout the body to the brain. The structures - called Peyer’s patches - are part of the body’s immune system and form the first line of defence against contaminated food. Prions hijack Peyer’s patches to cause infection, the findings showed. However, in people, the disease remains very rare - 229 people have died from it since it was first identified almost 20 years ago, the study noted.



(A Central University Established by an Act of Parliament 1989) School of Engineering & Technology And School of Management Studies D.C. Court Junction: Dimapur-797112, Nagaland NU/SETAM/ESTT/G-1(P-III)/2015-566

Phone: 03862 – 234555, Fax: 03862 - 234561 Date: 04/08/15

WALK-IN-INTERVIEW Applications are invited for walk-in-interview for the following Guest Faculties (Lecture basis) in the various Academic Department of the School of Engineering and Technology, Nagaland University, Dimapur for a period of six months or end of semester ending on 20th December 2015. The selected candidates will be paid @ Rs.1,000/- (Rupees One Thousand only) per lecture subject to a maximum of Rs. 25,000/-(Rupees Twenty five thousand only) per month. The interview is scheduled on 17/08/2015 in the Office Chamber of the Dean, SET & SMS, D.C. Court Junction, Dimapur-797112 as per the details mentioned below:Sl. Subject/ Qualification Timing Preferred No. Department Essential Desirable specialization 1 Biotechnology M. Tech in NET 11:00 AM Bioinformatics/ Biotech/ Biochemical M. Sc in Engg./ Applied Bioprocess Biological Engg. Sciences 2 Electronics & M. Tech in --1:00 PM --Communication ECE Engineering 3 English M.A English NET 3:00 PM --Sd/(D. P. CHATURVEDI) DEAN, SET



public discoursE

Thursday 6 August 2015

The Morung Express

Coming Home is Nagas’hard road to peace such a rough ride H

Background A new epoch dawnstodayby signing the peace accord between Naga leaders and the Government of India (GOI)in New Delhi, the 3rd August 2015. Prime Minister NarendraModi in his historic remark rightly notes that the problem was a legacy of the colonial design insulated to divide and rule the people. Modi demonstrated seriousness in his speech by blending fine rhetoric into a profound English language which Nagas has been impressed to cast confidence on this ‘’Saffron’’ man who hails from a place where Nagas fondly regards in their references with India – the great Mahatma Gandhi. Modi for sure enters the history with NSCN as makers of peace from engrossed conflict. He indeed has given the kind of message Nagas had desperately longed to hear from the head of the Indian state, accepting realities and commitment to restore respect and interest of the Nagas. The “framework agreement” resultsfrom a peace deal inked on June 1997 which brought NSCN cadres and the Indian military under cease fire agreement towards dialogue. The step was taken by Prime Minister I.K. Gujral as an exercise explored by the previous head P.V. NarasimhaRao to enter into a peace process with the Naga outfit. Rao first met the NSCN leaders in a hotel room at Osaka Japan to explore a peace dialogue over the Naga impassedragged for so long. India fairly realizedthat in the wake of independence,the nation was not strong enough to give a fair treatment on the Nagaupsurge. The refusal for a unified Naga political unit had been an administrative monopoly sown by the British, while the English Crown did not want at the same time those Hills and provinces to be under India’s independent framework. The turnovers of Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement and pressures of World War II finally convinced British the benefit to leave India, leaving away problems it had grown during her coercive colonial rule for two centuries. Earlier, British schemes of autonomy were proposed for Nagas, like the Couplan Plan, Trust Territory, and Crown Colony within British regime, similar with those English Acts introduced after the revolt of 1857 in ruling the Indian sub-continent. After British left, the Naga inhabited areas were absorbed by India unilaterally without sensing that it would hold potential threats to the nation’s internal and external security without easy remedies. British if all for credit, had conveyed the Indian authorities the need to treat the Nagas differently from the rest of the country. Consequently, Indian leaders had secretly observed the Nagas against such ‘peculiarity’, although the Indian policy had problems to accept any position for Nagas to govern themselves.Nehru on this line had initiated the “Objectives Resolution” in 22nd January 1947 towards affirming forced union inter alia states, provinces and those areas within or outside British India into the union of India. This led the Indian government to massive military campaigns in the wake of Naga resistance, which not only gunned down Naga rebels but affecteduntoldhuman rights abuseincluding women and children, on unprecedented scale. Naga chapter was in fact raised in the constituent Assembly by B.R. Ambedkar for necessitating special attribution to the people. Itrecommended for the Nagas considerable autonomy within Assam Legislative Assembly and constituted mechanisms for Naga representations both at the Centre and state. The Parliament was authorized to take measures againstfurther Naga ‘separatist’ movements. Legislation to this effect, made the Governor of Assam a ‘constitutional ruler’ with discretionary provision on any matter relating the Nagas with India. The recommendations subsequently established a Sixth Schedule in the constitution of India to administer the Naga Hills along with Assam, United KhasiJaintia Hills, and

Mizoram. Areas not covered in this provision were framed under the North-East Frontier Region (Act) NEFA. The constitutional adoption in the Parliament immediately fuelled strong protests by the Naga people under its leader A.Z. Phizo and boycotted the first general election held in 1952. Naga representations were registered during the second general election in 1957 with crucial roles taken by some Naga leaders involving Indian government agents. Scheduled provisions changed with the inauguration of the Nagaland state on 1st December 1963, running similar tensions that hovered during the conduct of elections.

Track ofdialogue Naga National Council was shattered over division on the Shillong Accord signed in November 1975, giving birth the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) which soon broke into two groups one led by Isaac and Muivah NSCN-IM, and the other by Khaplang - NSCN K. The Indian state banned all of these groups and pushed them underground. Conflict took a fresh startwith military warfare and mistrust. The ruckus over killing of innocents and public torture out of the Indian military operations has drawn wide oppositions from civil societies across the nation, pointing to those undemocratic and unjust attitudes of the Central government over a small tribal populace hanging on the edge of India’s map. It argues that democratic values and ideals of justice enshrined in the Indian constitution expects democratic institutions and powers not to allow policies that would infringe human right values and overlook people’s suppression, or such actions towards any community who look at the Indian Republic with respect and hope. Mounting on the pressure of turmoil and burden for peace, NSCN- IM (regarded the oldest insurgent group) and Government of India entered into dialogue on three main principles - to hold official talks at the highest level (PMO); in a third country outside India; and without any imposed will on any of the two parties. Interestingly, following series of meeting in signing the truce, the political atmosphere turned spoilsport when the NDA -II commissioned the task to the Home ministry and kept the Prime Minister’s office (PMO) aloof. The UPA government followed suit of its opponent NDA policy not to paint the Naga agenda with high level engagements. Reasonably and justifiably so, the Naga leadership wanted the command of the PMO to represent the dialogue process and necessarily recognize the Nagas of an honorable entity outside the present state of rule. The two negotiating parties are seen to be riding the same boat. Nagas would not want severing ties with India in long run, irrespective of any settlement arrived at. India also probably sensed that unfruitful results with the Nagas would affect the nation’s pride of a liberal democracy, let alone rethink its “twisted democracy” approaches. The dialogue naturally hit serious issues on both parties. GOI cannot accord Naga sovereignty at the risk of the constitution of India. The outcome is feared to instill more demands of nationality questions in the NorthEast for recognition of rights, and reactions from neighboring states for respect of their citizenship rights and freedom. The Naga leadership craved to defend their rights, without putting off the people’s mandate. However on a plain note, without disregard to other groups, present Naga leadership having pursued with India on the brunt of overriding challenges and contests, deserves sincere appreciation. Heavy stones to clear Unfortunately, a major setback hits the Naga nation by divisions in their own facets of life; leveling segregation and mistrust around tribe and politics. There are durable enmities between factional groups and societies on

strife, each echoing their face of freedom. The problem has worried the Naga leadership almost over other things. Nagas’ problems over division are reflective of complex interests in society, no doubt. But the problem would crucially hinder the road towards consolidating a much desired political understanding amongst Nagas, if treated lightly. The Nagaissue fitfully entails contestation of rights with India; historical claims which are though difficult to alter immediately with the outcome of the NSCN venture.Nagas would and are inherently divided on certain reasons towards one another. Social and political bond are segmented into sub-cultures and perceptions, weakening at all the Naga quest for a qualified nation state. These elements spur intereststo link upone’s cultural dispositions andentities for respect in the Naga society, and much so to the outside world. Naga cultural roots on all fronts are located on legacies of traditions, history, and custom that marks them categorical and one pulled of an ethnic drive. Significantly now, it may not be the noble aspiration for Nagas in a world of growing associations and democracy, to allow the brazen role of armed struggle mark the road ahead. Political mobilization and resurgence of democracies are vital in realizing civil and political rights that are otherwise subjugated by uncalculated intrusions from various quarters. A vast chunk of these democratic discourses has been affected by lack of commendable response and seriousness from the Indian authorities in the past. A constant mistake made has been the intolerant rulings of state, as well as its unruly acts of blatant military trespasses into local domains. This had derailed efforts at conflict resolution. The Indian government with its declared commitment for democratic functioning hardly squares for a sincere understanding of the Naga issue for six decades. Indeed, the hype about democracy in the country obscures the imposition of what can be called a “structured democracy” that denies rightful participation to certain sections of society. This approach of the state machinery to make laws that appears unfriendly to the people, had created confrontations as a necessary movement against the state. It highlights the contradictions whereby the state views Naga movement as a nightmare of the ‘communist programme’ and ideology from outside, presumably threatening democracy. It must be considered that the Naga movement in its issues with India is to be understood in the context of historical maneuvering by Central occupation and rule and, to its refusal to recognize what is in many respects a just cause pursued, in defense of their interest and freedom. In spite of the long bitter past, a new dawn of light enters the region of Northeast witnessing the oldest ‘insurgent’ outfit sitting with the Indian government on a successful note. It renews the strength of democratic values and the beginning of a peaceful state in the region of India’s North-East. The opportunity, especially for the Central government, if failed to explore like it did in the past, would fuel deeper contexts of conflict to deal with. It requires concerted commitment of India’s political leadership on the treaty signed for stability and development. Engaging with a community around the scope of exercising power, would stem more traces of empty mechanisms for India to promise. Although the political development maysee uneasiness in implementation, it pushes the Government of India and the Naga leadership to face new challenges corresponding both Delhi and the hill volatiles. History shall soon narrate the course engulfed in answering questions aligning all stakes. *Author is with the Department of Political Science, University of Delhi, researching revolutionary politics in India. Roviso Marza, Gandhi Vihar, Delhi

omecoming for me has been traumatic and dramatic at the same time. There is love and caring everywhere. I am happy to come home after wandering for 20 years. Nagaland is incredibly beautiful. Nagas are incre dibly hospitable,incredibly corrupt, and Nagaland has the worst roads in the world. The conflicts caused by internal and external forces are beyond description. Four days after my arrival, two schools kids, Tuzali, a girl age 14, and Aso, a boy 13, were killed by the Indian armed forces. Earlier there was an exchanged of gunfire between Indian armed forces and the Naga army from the Khaplang faction of the National Socialist Council of Nagalim. The Indian army was taking a dead Naga soldier to their camp, but the villagers demanded the body be handed overto them for a proper funeral. The army panicked and fired at the crowd killing two school children and injuringa woman. The tragedy of this event is that the Indian army has impunity through the Armed Forces Special Power Act because, according to them, they suspected Naga “insurgents” were in the crowd, therefore the army has theright to shoot and kill. According to the villagers there were no army personnel and no one was armed. They had demanded the dead body to be handed over to them when the army fired at the school children to create terror and disperse the crowd. Everything is so expensive now. A kilogram of pork has gone up ten times since I left home but the daily wage has gone up only by four times, so the poor are really struggling. The rich are getting richer and live in mansions. These corrupt rich politicians would consider a normal house in a Melbourne suburb in Australia a small holiday cottage. I can smell revolution in the future; no, not with guns but by social media while the rich sleep in their mansions. The young generation is observant, alert and angry at the conditions they are trapped in right now and will soon rise up in revolution using modern technology. A defining moment for me was when I visited my clan girl Vibino whom I’d normally refer to as ‘my niece’ in our culture. She is spastic (with cerebral palsy) and a very fine artist. She does not know me but she laughed all the time while I was with her. She showed me her artwork, which is of very high quality. Her mother said no one could disturb her when she goes on a drawing session as she concentrates for hours. I plan to visit here again. I am back to the slum where I grew up as a kid, but we never called it that since we did not know what a slum was. We just called it “Dak Lane.” Dak for Post as the British had a post office nearby, but visitors often referred to it as dark lane. It is a lane of a little over a metre wide and dozens of us kids used to play in the lane in the late 50s until 1965, when I left Kohima for Sainik School. Many of us went to Baptist English School and got good education; others were not so lucky, and many passed away. My friend Zaneitso has just returned from Nepal where

he was a missionary for 15 years. He still lives in Dak Lane but his former corrugated iron sheet shack has now been converted into a concrete double-story building, but we still have to go through the filthy dark lane to get to our houses. Zaneitso invited me to his house for a meal. We were emotional as we thought of our humble beginnings and the wonders of how God has blessed our lives. Kohima is a beautiful, filthy city. There is no road to talk of but thousands of vehicles drive through muddy ponds, some a few centimeters deep. I walk through these muddy roads with my bags and wearing my kangaroo hat. A few people recognize me and are delighted to see me. My niece is ashamed that her foreign-returned uncle is walking on foot. She thinks I am lowering the status of the family down by not driving an imported car. She said “haunvazhü mote”, which is a very polite way to communicate that she is embarrassed. But these walks help improve my health and are enriching my soul. When I get tired, I stop and look at the spectacular towering green hills above the city. It is so beautiful I think I am looking at heaven, but my feet are still stuck on this muddy hell. This is a land of contrasts. A man saw me walk across the street and said, ‘Welcome home!’, shook my hand, and left a piece of paper in my hand. As soon as he left I opened my fist and found two thousand rupees. I am astounded as such generosity is not practiced in Australia. There are so many beautiful churches in the city. God must be very happy, but while they built the best churches they have forgotten how to build their roads. It seems quite sensible, after all. You don’t need roads to get to heaven. God’s grace is sufficient for the faithful to be lifted up to heaven! I walked on and came across an old friend from my village selling vegetables. She is delighted to me. ‘You look well’ she said, ‘You look even better’. She laughed and said ‘I am getting old’. All her vegetables are worth the cost of two coffee cups in Melbourne. I am uncomfortable by the thought. I want to buy her vegetables but she wanted to give them to me. To save her from embarrassment I said “Australia is too far to carry.” We both laughed and parted. I borrowed my friend’s car to visit uncle Niketu who lives outside Kohima. The army was everywhere. They stopped all the vehicles but selected a few vehicles to check. Mine was one of them. I panicked. Am I a suspect? If they suspect I am one of the “insurgents” they have the right to shoot and kill. Three army men surrounded my vehicle holding automatic rifles. One of them asked me to open by bag. My hands are shaking but I must not make a wrong move else they can shoot. “Where are you going?” “To Zubza, just a few kilometres from here.” He checked my bag very carefully: my underwear, papers, and a lap top. ‘You can go.’ At the bottom of my bag I had a Swiss army knife, a very useful instrument in Nagaland. Fortunately he did not see as my underwear covered it. I drove on very calmly and wondered whether he would get a promotion were he to shoot me, after all, he would only be doing his duty. Dr. Visier Sanyü Meyasetsu



oil is the top layer of the earth’s surface that is capable of sustaining life. Therefore, soil is very important to farmers/ cultivators, who depend on soil to provide abundant, healthy crops each year. One major problem in our agriculture is soil erosion, which is most serious on hills due to steep slopes. The steepness of soil does not deter any body taking up cultivation on hills. Soil loss from cultivated slopes is quite high particularly during first two or three years of cultivation. The chief reasons of soil loss are cultivation of steep and unprotected slopes, overgrazing and indiscriminate felling of forest trees. Top soil contains most of the soil’s nutrients and organic matter which takes hundreds to thousands of years to build up under natural conditions. Soil erosion causes these substances to move also. So what is left behind is a depleted soil with poorer structure, lower water-holding capacity, different pH values, and low nutrient levels. Crops receive poor nourishment from the depleted soil, and the food provides poor nourishment to people. The important point is losses of soil take place much faster than new soil can be created. It takes thousands of years to form just a few centimeters of soil Soil conservation is maintaining good soil health, by various practices. The aim of soil conservation meth-

ods is to prevent soil erosion, prevent soil's overuse and prevent soil contamination from chemicals. There are various measures that are used to maintain soil health, and prevent the above harms to soil. Agronomic Soil Conservation measure All the operations carried out in the field from land preparation to harvesting of crop in order to have maximum harvest are called agronomic practices. Certain manipulations are highly desirable in agronomic practices of crops. They all aim at retaining the productivity of land and the practices are referred to as 'conservation farming'. Some important conservation farming methods are briefly discussed here. Use of Vegetation: The land should not be kept without crop. There is very scope of soil erosion if there are no crops on the land. The plant canopy protects the soil from the adverse effect of rainfall. Crops and vegetables which cover the ground surface well and have extensive root system reduce soil erosion and provides organic matter to the soil. As a result, the fertility of soil increases and the physical condition of soil is improved. Following cropping systems help in controlling soil erosion – Crop rotation: Growing of the same kind of crop for years in the same field is not a desirable practice as it depletes certain nutrients and organic matter from the soil. Addition of a densely grown, deep rooted,

erosion resisting crop is necessary in the rotation. An erosion resisting crop must be grown at least once in two years. A good crop rotation is planned sequence of cropping for checking erosion and maintaining productivity of soil. A good rotation should include densely planted small grain crops, spreading legume crop etc. which may check soil erosion. The practice of mixed cropping is also important from the point of view of soil conservation. Strip Cropping: This is a system of cropping in which a soil conserving crop and a soil depleting crop are grown in alternate strips. Strips run perpendicular to the slope of the land or to the direction of prevailing wind. For the crops of both the strips, other agronomic practices are carried out as usual. This is a very practical and effective measure of controlling soil erosion but more feasible in extensive fields located on slopes. Strip cropping employs several good farming practices including crop rotation, contour cultivation, proper tillage, stubbles mulching, cover cropping etc. Strip cropping is of four types• Contour strip Cropping: Contour strip cropping is the growing of erosion permitting and erosion resisting crops alternately in strips across the slope and on the contour line. In every passing season the types of crop in the strips should be interchanged. This practice is useful because it checks the fast flow of run-

off water increases the infiltration of water in the soil and prevents soil erosion. • Field Strip Cropping: The strips, in this cropping method. may not be exactly on contours. This practice is suitable for uniformly slopping field. The strips should be established across the slope. • Wind Strip Cropping: Strips of crop are grown across the direction of wind regardless of contour. • Buffer Strip Cropping: In this, the severally eroded portion of land is permanently kept under grass and contour strip cropping is practiced in the rest of the area. Cultivation of dense plant and grasses: Cultivation of dense plant and grasses cover the surface of the land and their roots bind the soil particles to form soil aggregates, thus preventing soil erosion. Cultivation of proper crops: Cultivation of row crop in sloppy lands permits soil erosion. Mixed and intercropping practice checks soil erosion and avoids the risks of crop failure. Mulching: Mulching is a practice of putting straw, plant residues, leaves and/or grass on the soil surface to reduce evaporation, erosion and fluctuation in soil temperature. Materials used in mulching, act as physical barriers to movement of water in the soil. Immediate objective of mulching is to reduce loss of moisture from the soil surface by the process of evaporation and protect the soil

against the strokes of rain and wind. After decomposition, mulching material incorporates organic matter in the soil which enhances erosion resistant power of the soil. Organic manure: Organic matter is a very important component of the soil which keeps the soil particles clumped together, thereby imparting resistance against erosion. Presence of organic matter is a must for micro- organisms to flourish in the soil. Micro-organisms secrete some slimy substance which helps in binding together of soil particles. Organic matter particles are 10 to 100 times more efficient in retaining moisture than the fine clay particles of the soil. The main source of organic matter in cultivated soil is organic manure. Use of farmyard manure, compost and green manures should be made in order to keep an optimum level of organic matter in the soil. Addition of anything of plant and animal origin contributes to organic matter of the soil. Control of grazing: Grazing increases the soil erosion. But grazing cannot be completely stopped in all areas. So restricted and rotational grazing may be helpful in checking soil erosion to some extent. The areas open to grazing for sometimes should be closed for the following year to facilitate regeneration of forests and to maintain thick ground vegetation. Good tillage: Tillage is the mechanical manipulation of soil by different kinds of implements. Till-

age makes the soil loose and friable which helps in retention of water. Tillage operations should be carried out as far as possible on the contour very cautiously as they can do both harm and good to a soil. It removes weeds and enhances moisture retaining capacity of the soil. However, in high rainfall areas deep ploughing should be preferred in order to keep down weeds and preserve greater amount of moisture. Agrostological Soil Conservation measure Agrostological methods involve rotating crops with long duration perennial vegetation and establishing permanent vegetation, in highly eroded lands. The practice of lay farming involves cultivation of agricultural crops in rotation with grasses which is very useful. It improves the fertility of the soil and helps in binding soil particles, thus preventing soil erosion. Areas prone to heavy soil erosion should necessarily be put under thick cover of grasses. Periodic grazing can also be allowed in favorable climatic condition. Agrostological measures also include plantation of trees on the new lands (afforestation) and the lands which have been denuded of forest trees (reforestation). Rows of trees can be planted in contour lines dividing the cultivable land in strips. Afforestation is the best means to check the soil erosion. SMS (Soil Conservation) KVK, Tuensang

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


The Morung Express C M Y K

Bajrangi Bhaijaan to be Screened at Busan Film Festival

Thursday 6 August 2015


11 C M Y K

Zayn Malik breaks off engagement to Perrie Edwards is

“Unexpectedly Smart” Pixels star Josh Gad discusses his reasons for lending his voice to animated film


uperstar Salman Khan’s on-screen journey from India to Pakistan in Bajrangi Bhaijaan has not only dominated the box office in India, but has crossed borders to reach foreign shores. The Kabir Khandirectedfilmwillbescreened at the forthcoming Busan International Film Festival (BIFF) in South Korea. The 20th Busan International Film Festival will be held between October 1 and 10. Bajrangi Bhaijaan, which released on July 17, narrates the story of an Indian man who discovers love and affection while taking a speech-impaired Pakistani girl back to her country. The film also co-stars Kareena Kapoor Khan, Nawazuddin Siddiqui and child artist Harshaali Malhotra. “It’s an honour for Salman Khan Films that our first film as producers has been invited for Busan International Film Festival for screening in the Open Cinema section where new films, combining both art and mass popularity, along with internationally acclaimed works, are screened to an audience of 5,000. “The film continues to set new box office records both in India and in the overseas market, and the invite to Busan is an important recognition for our film,” Mr Butala said in a statement.


ith all the talk about the emoji movie and the recently announced Pez movie, you may have forgotten that there’s also an upcoming film adaptation of the mobile game Angry Birds. But as Josh Gad told IGN, “it’s really a thing,” and according to him, it’s going to be surprisingly charm-


ust four months after he left One Direction seemingly in order to boost their relationship, news has emerged that Zayn Malik has abruptly called off his engagement to fiancée Perrie Edwards. The former 1D star, who is in the process of launching a solo career, has left 22 year old Little Mix star Perrie “devastated” after ending their relationship a fortnight ago. A source close to the ex-couple told MailOnline on Tuesday (August 4th): “Perrie is absolutely devastated. Zayn called off the engagement two weeks ago, she's so upset.” This has been bad timing for Edwards, since she’s having to get over her long-term relationship at the same time as promoting Little Mix’s latest single

‘Black Magic’ in the US. “Perrie is being a trooper about it and putting on a brave face but she's devastated," the source continued. "She's doesn't know what he's thinking. She's going to go out and promote the new single but obviously the timing could not be worse, especially when she's going to be doing so many interviews.” Official statements have not yet been released by either side, but an unnamed source close to Edwards and Little Mix told People: “Perrie's being supported by her bandmates, but she's really in pieces about this,” while somebody close to Zayn told Us Weekly that the 22 year old wanted “a fresh start”, claiming “he just wanted to move on and start over in all ways.”

Edwards had previously become a hate figure for heartbroken 1D fans when Zayn announced he was leaving the group back in March, with some casting her as a kind of Yoko Ono figure for prising him away from their idols. Among other issues such as exhaustion with the band’s relentless touring schedule, he had said that he wanted to live a “normal” life as a 22 year old. Just a few weeks before that, he had been snapped in Thailand with his arm around Lauren Richardson, with Perrie then appearing in public without her engagement ring claiming it was at the cleaners. While Zayn quickly apologised for how it looks and tweeted his love for Perrie, it was enough to get many media outlets gossiping.

Sid Mallya signs his second international film



fter his debut film ‘B Naman’ which Sid shot at the end of last year, he’s all set to get into the thick of things with his second film, the international project: Homecoming. Sid, who recently was accepted to the prestigious Royal Central School of Speech and Drama, will now be seen in the dark comedy ‘Homecoming’. The actor was proud to announce the exciting news to his fans via his social networking site. This is his second feature film after ‘B Naman’, directed by the festival favorite director Q, produced by Steve Barron. Sid will start shooting in Portland, Oregon soon. ‘Homecoming’ showcases the life a woman who goes to great lengths for fame and money. Kampf, Field and Aldo LaPietra produced the film while Mike Weber is the executive producer, all through Radar Pictures, along with Portlandbased Holly Levow.

Jessica Alba’s company under fire for ineffective sunscreen


he Sin City star’s billion-dollar business prides itself on “safe and eco-friendly household and baby care products”, reported Time Magazine. But the products have upset consumers, who recently expressed their outrage online over the brand’s SPF 30 sunscreen, which touts a “broad spectrum” protection. The Upset users took to social media to share snaps of their red, burnt skin after using the product, with one claiming they ‘got fried’. While others have taken to online retailer Amazon with their reviews, with another upset customer writing, “I’ve tried dozens of different sunscreens and words can’t come close to describing how terrible this product compares even to the cheapest stuff you find at discount stores.” However, a representative for Alba’s company released a statement defending the product, insisting the viral accusations represent only a fraction of their customers.

ing. “It’s really irreverent,” Gad said, “and like that LEGO Movie sensibility, it’s subversive and funny and unexpectedly smart and really beautiful. Actually gorgeous. The little I’ve seen of it has really impressed me.” The film has landed a star-studded voice cast, including Jason Sudeikis, Danny McBride, Bill Had-

Pussycat Dolls 'in talks to reunite'


ccording to reports, the girls are hoping to get together in the studio and see "what it will actually sound like" The Pussycat Dolls are reportedly planning a comeback. The group became a global phenomenon with their first single, Don’t Cha, but split in 2010 amid reports of a feud. According to The Sun, Nicole Scherzinger, Kimberly Wyatt, Ashley Roberts, Jessica Sutta and Melody Thornton are in talks to reunite. A source said: "The band are in talks about reuniting soon and they are trying to see if they can get all of the girls together to do it. " The fallouts and bitching from back in the day are all water under the bridge



atthew Mcconaughey’s Brazilian wife Camila Alves is celebrating after officially becoming a U.S. Citizen on Tuesday. The Dallas Buyers Club star proudly posted a photo of himself alongside the model and accessories designer and their three children in a courthouse on his WhoSay page, and added the caption “congratulations Camila on getting your U.S. citizenship today - another fellow and great American.” Alves shared the same snap on her Twitter account, adding, “Happy to say I now hold an American passport! I have so much respect and appreciation for this country. #newuscitizen”. The Oscar winner wed Alves in 2012.

up their differences, it's more about working out how to get everyone in the studio and see what it will actually sound like." In January Nicole, who had hits with Poison and Don't Hold Your Breath, teased she would be open to getting back together with the girls. Asked about the possibility of a reunion, she told Kiss FM: "I don't see why not. I miss it. I miss the girls. "It was such a crazy time for us that stepping away from it now and taking some time away from it I'm like 'I wanna be able to do it again and really enjoy it and take it in and enjoy the travels with the girls'. "I think in due time if it's meant to be, that would be a lot of fun and a blessing."



elly Osbourne apologised for remarks she made on television that suggested if Latinos were expelled from the United States, there would be noone to clean Donald Trump’s toilets. Osbourne’s comment while a guest host on the US show The View was directed at the Republican presidential candidate, whose claim that Mexican immigrants were “criminals” and “rapists” have drawn condemnation but have also given him a lead in early polls. “If you kicked every Latino out of this country then who is going to be cleaning your toilets, Donald Trump?” Osbourne asked of the billionaire, who was not on the show at the time. As she tried to continue, she was quickly interrupted by co-host Rosie Perez and backed off her comment but was later forced to issue an apology online after it received heavy criticism. The remark saw some Twitter users sending Osbourne stories about their education, white-collar jobs and rise from poverty. Many of the testimonials were tagged with the phrase “QueridaKellyOsbourne”, which translates as “Dear Kelly Osbourne”. Osbourne, the daughter of rocker Ozzy Osbourne, and former X Factor judge Sharon, wrote that she is not racist but was taking responsibility for “my poor choice of words”. She said: “I’ve learned a very valuable lesson. It is my hope that this situation will open up a conversation about immigration and the Latin community as a whole.” She ended by stating she cleans her own toilets.


Matthew Mcconaughey’s wife becomes U.S. citizen

now." Nicole, 37, who starred in the group as the lead vocalist, went on to have a solo career but her latest single On the Rocks failed to chart. Meanwhile, Kimberly has gone on to become a television personality and recently won Celebrity MasterChef, while Ashley Roberts appeared on I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here! In December last year brunette beauty Nicole revealed she wanted to apologise to her former bandmates because she was "distant and stand-offish" during their time together as chart-toppers. The source continued: "Nicole has seen most of the girls on and off over the years and she's ready to get back together. "Rather than trying to patch

Kelly Osbourne apologises for Latino 'toilet cleaners' remark

Idris Elba becomes first ever male on Maxim Magazine Cover ritish Actor Idris Elba has made Maxim Magazine history by becoming the first male to grace the Cover. The Mandela: Long Walk To Freedom star is featured on the front of publication’s September issue (15), marking the first solo-male cover for Maxim. Editor-in-Chief Kate Lanphear tells website Racked Elba is the perfect choice for their inaugural male cover, stating, “We’ve never in US Maxim history had a man on the cover solo... and there was no one else in the world more bad**s than Idris. “For me, he was really the perfect embodiment of what I think the new Maxim man is. He’s multi-dimensional, he’s complex, he’s sophisticated, but he’s down to earth. “It was funny when on set, I was like, ‘Is there anything this guy can’t do?’ He’s an award-winning actor, he’s a DJ, his capsule clothing line for Superdry is about to hit stores. The guy broke the British land speed record which hasn’t been touched since, like, 1928. He’s sort of a living, breathing superhero.”

er, Maya Rudolph, Peter Dinklage, and more. Gad is set to voice the yellow bird named Chuck, and he told IGN that he initially

said no when he was asked to join the cast, especially so soon after voicing Olaf in Frozen. “The producer was like, ‘Just let me kind of pitch out this movie to you,’ and did this reel for me of what he was thinking about, and it was like this 30-minute visual pitch, and it blew my socks off.” Angry Birds is set to be released in May 2016.

Amitabh, Salman, Akshay among world’s top 10 highest paid actors


ollywood stars Amitabh Bachchan, Salman Khan and Akshay Kumar are among the world’s top ten highestpaid actors in Forbes first global list of actors from Hollywood to Hong Kong and Bollywood. Amitabh Bachchan and Salman Khan entered the list in joint seventh place, with estimated earnings of $33.5 million in the past year. Akshay Kumar follows behind in ninth place with $32.5 million. Bollywood stars Shah Rukh Khan (18) and Ranbir

Kapoor (30) with estimated earning of $26 Million and $15 Million respectively, also made the Forbes list. Bollywood stalwart Amitabh Bachchan has starred in more than 150 movies in his 50 year career. He continues to earn top rupee for his roles in flicks such 2014’s “Bhoothnath Returns,” Forbes noted. One of India’s biggest stars, Salman Khan, has appeared in some 80 movies since his 1989 breakout role “Maine Pyar Kiya.” Bollywood superstar Akshay Kumar has ap-

peared in some 150 movies since his 1992 breakthrough in “Khiladi.” Shah Rukh Khan was described as “India’s Leonardo DiCaprio”. He earns from movies such as “Happy New Year” and “Fan,” as well as lucrative endorsements including Pan Masala. “Indian actor Ranbir Kapoor is one of Bollywood’s top male actors and joins the World’s Highest—Paid Actors list for the first time. He banks a decent pay check from movies such as “Roy” and “Bombay Velvet,” Forbes said.


Non-bailable arrest warrant against Lalit Modi



MuMbai, august 5 (iaNs): In a major setback to controversial former IPL chairman Lalit Modi, a Mumbai Special Court on Wednesday issued a non-bailable arrest warrant against him for alleged involvement in a moneylaundering case registered by the Enforcement Directorate. Last month, the ED had moved the Special Court seeking issue of an arrest warrant for investigating the case against the business tycoon. Despite repeated attempts, Modi's lawyers did not respond to calls and SMSes seeking his reaction in the matter. "Your application is allowed," Special Judge P.R. Bhavake told the ED counsel at the hearing on Wednesday morning. When the matter came up before the court on Tuesday, Special Judge Bhavake wanted to know from the ED how an arrest warrant could be issued without a charge sheet being filed in the case and whether the court had powers to do so. ED counsel H. Venegaonkar submitted that under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), cases follow a different format compared to regular criminal cases. Besides, the lawyer contended that since the case was in the pre-investigation stage, the Special Court has the jurisdiction to issue the arrest warrant. Moreover, since Modi was not in the country, the arrest warrant should be issued as he had failed to response to ED summons, Venegaonkar said. With the issue of the arrest warrant, Modi faces arrest upon his return to India and also the possibility of a Red Corner notice if he fails to turn up. The ED approached the Special Court after Modi -residing in London since 2010 -- failed to respond to its summons last month. The ED had initiated a probe against Modi in 2009 and later filed the case against him in 2012 under the PMLA in connection with a mega deal for telecast rights of the Indian Premier League (IPL). Soon after the ED launched the probe under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, Modi left the country.

Wasim Akram shot at in Lochte dominates medley Karachi, survives unhurt heats after freestyle flop

Wasim Akram, Pakistan's former cricket captain, speaks during a news conference organised by Gatorade Centre of Pace Excellence (GCPE) in New Delhi July 27. (REUTERS Photo)

Karachi, august 5 (rEutErs): A gunman opened fire on former Pakistani cricket captain Wasim Akram's car in the city of Karachi on Wednesday an apparent incident of road-rage in a metropolis beset by violence. Akram, considered one of the greatest one-day international cricketers of all time, told reporters that no one was hurt in the shooting which occurred as he was on his way to the city's National Stadium where he is holding a bowling camp. "A car hit my vehicle and when we asked the driver to pull over, he stepped out and opened fire," Akram told reporters shortly after the shooting. "He definitely looked like an official," he said of the shooter. "If he can do this to me, what will he do to the com-

Sainik School volleyball c'ship concludes

PuNglwa, august 5 (MExN): The Annual Inter-House Volleyball Championship 2015-16 of Sainik School Punglwa concluded on August 4. The Championship which began on July 27 was played under two categories SubJunior and Junior.

las VEgas, august 5 (aFP): Unbeaten welterweight world champion Floyd Mayweather will try to match the iconic 49-0 career record of Rocky Marciano against fellow American Andre Berto on September 12, promoters announced. In what Mayweather claims might be his final fight, and what is the last bout on his rich six-fight Showtime television deal, the reigning World Boxing Association and World Boxing Council champion will risk his crowns against a two-time world champion who has lost three of his past six fights.



"I'm ready to get back in the ring on September 12 and prove again to the whole world why I'm 'The Best Ever,'" Mayweather said. "I always bring my Agame and this fight against Andre Berto is no exception." Berto, 30-3 with 23 knockouts, intends to flip the script on Mayweather, whose 48-0 record includes 26 knockouts. "I'm coming to kick Floyd's ass," Berto said. "Best believe I plan to bring it to Floyd and I'm not concerned about what 48 other fighters have been unable to do."

Swimming: Relay record falls twice at world champs

KaZaN, august 5 (aFP): More world records tumbled in the Kazan pool in today's heats as the mixed 4x100m medley relay mark fell twice in backto-back races. The USA quartet of Ryan Murphy, Kevin Cordes, Kendyl Stewart and Lia Neal clocked three minutes, 42.33 seconds in the event's third heat of the morning session. The new world record came just minutes after Russia had swum 3:45.87 mins in the previous heat to better the old record of 3:46.52 set by Australia in Perth in January 2014. "It's a fun new event and I was very happy to get a world record...Even if the Americans broke it in the very next heat," grinned Russia's butterfly expert Daniil Pakhomov before the evening's final. World records have now fallen on nine occasions in Kazan and more threaten to go when Britain's Adam Peaty and Cameron van der Burgh of South Africa clash in the men's 50m breaststroke final. They both broke the 50m record on Tuesday when Van der Burgh lowered his own mark in the morning's heats by clocking 26.62secs, only for 20-year-old Peaty to come out and break it with 26.42 in the semi-finals. advanced through to the semi-finals in third place, 0.09 seconds off the pace. China's Zhang Yufei produced an eye-catching swim in the women's 200m butterfly as she broke the world junior record. Zhang clocked an impressive 2:06.92 as the 17-year-old overtook Katie

Australia's Emily Seebohm brushed off tiredness from her gold medal exploits to storm into the women's 50m backstroke semi-finals. The 23-year-old led a golden night in the Kazan pool on Tuesday by winning the women's 100m backstroke final before Mitchell Larkin won the men's race as Australia enjoyed their best single day at a world championships for a decade. Seebohm was the third fastest qualifier into Wednesday's semi-finals, but admitted she had not felt at her best before the race. "I didn't get to bed until 1230am last night and I didn't feel fantastic when I woke up this morning, but I'm beginning to brighten up a bit now," she admitted after winning her first individual world title. "I loved every minute of last night and I wish I could do it all again.... Well, maybe not the race, but everything which came afterwards." Her team-mate Cameron McEvoy was the second fastest into the 100m freestyle semi-finals at 48.33sec, just behind China's Ning Zetao who clocked 48.11secs, with Olympic champion Nathan Adrian of the USA only seventh fastest through at 48.61.

McLaughlin's 2014 mark. American McLaughlin qualified second fastest, 0.40 seconds behind, with Katinka Hosszu, the 2013 world bronze medallist, qualifying sixth. "I feel good and I had a good rest last night but my focus is on the 200m freestyle final tonight," said



Hungary's Hosszu, who claimed the gold medal in the women's 200m individual medley with a new world record on Monday. The Wednesday evening session will also include finals in the men's 50m breaststroke, 200m butterfly and 800m freestyle.

Our Correspondent

Changtongya Inter-Departmental Football tourney underway


Officiating Principal, was the Chief Guest on the final day and gave away the trophy and certificates. In his short address, he congratulated the participants for exhibiting a disciplined team spirit and exhorted them to strive for excellence in the days ahead.

Ryan Lochte of the U.S. swims in a men's 200m individual medley heat at the Aquatics World Championships in Kazan, Russia, August 5. (REUTERS Photo)

1st Kohima Dist Chess C'ship

ZuNhEboto, august 5 (DiPr): The closing ceremony of the ongoing Yonex-Sunrise 39th Inter-District and State Open Badminton Championship 2015 will be held at District Sports Council Stadium Zunheboto on August 7 at 4 p.m. Parliamentary Secretary for Fisheries, Printing & Stationery, Shetoyi Sumi will grace the function as Chief Guest. Chief Referee, C. Tinu Pongen will give the synopsis of the tournament during the programme. The programme will be followed by final matches and prize distribution.


The final match for Sub Junior category was played between Doyang House and Patkai House with Patkai emerging as winner and also overall champion. Japfu and Melak Houses finished second and third respectively. Lt Col Jitendra Dogra,

Unbeaten Mayweather names Berto as September foe

Yonex-Sunrise C’ship closing on August 7


mon man?" Senior police officer Munir Shaikh ruled out an assassination attempt or a robbery. "This was just an incident of road rage," he said. "We have identified the car from CCTV footage and will have the suspect in custody in a couple of hours." In 2009, a dozen Islamist militant gunmen attacked Sri Lanka's cricket team when it was visiting Pakistan, wounding six players and a British coach and killing at least eight Pakistanis in the city of Lahore. Pakistan did not host a top-flight international cricket match for six years after that attack. In May, it hosted Zimbabwe for two Twenty20 internationals and a three-match one-day series.

KaZaN, august 5 (rEutErs): Ryan Lochte of the United States was back to his best when he started the defence of his men's 200 metres individual medley title in commanding fashion on day four of the world championships on Wednesday. The 31-year-old atoned for the disappointment of missing out on a medal in the men's 200m freestyle the previous evening by comfortably securing a semi-final berth in first place, gliding smoothly to the wall in one minute 57.90 seconds. "It wasn't my day last night," the three-time world champion in the shorter medley told reporters. "I did everything I could and it just didn't work out. But what I do best, no matter what, is forget about what happened and move on. "It was one of the most comfortable 1:57's I have done, so I am excited to see what I can do. It should be a good race." Behind Lochte, Briton Dan Wallace qualified second, 0.38 seconds adrift, while Conor Dwyer of the United States posted 1:58.63 to finish third fastest. In the men's 100m freestyle, Olympic champion Nathan Adrian of the United States laboured to sixth place in qualification ahead of the semi-finals later on Wednesday. With Australia's reigning world champion James Magnussen absent through a shoulder injury, it was left to Zetao Ning of China to set the fastest time, his 48.11 seconds edging Cameron McEvoy by 0.22. "Overall it was a little bit slower than what we all expected it to be," said Adrian, who posted 48.61 seconds. "I think the race will progress a lot faster than what a lot of people think. I'll be impressed to see if anyone can reach the (world record) time this year." Meanwhile, China's Yuanhui Fu topped qualification in the women's 50m backstroke by clocking 27.66 seconds. After her exertions in taking gold in the 100m backstroke on Tuesday, Australia's Emily Seebohm

MoKoKchuNg, august 5 (DiPr): The opening programme of the first Inter-Department football tournament under Changtongya sub-division was held on August 4 at Changtongya town local ground with Deputy Commissioner Mokokchung, Sushil Kumar Patel IAS as the chief guest. Speaking on the occasion as the chief guest, he extended Tsungremong greeting to all and expressed his appreciation and lauded the organisers of the tournament for their selfless effort to successfully conduct the tournament. He then appealed to all the participating team to play in a true sportsman spirit and to set examples as role models to the young generation and also as an inspiration to them. He said that there will be only one winner but at the end of tournament all will be winners. He encouraged all head of offices and staff to maintain cordial relationship amongst them through the tournament. He also declared the tournament open. A highlight of the programme included welcome speech by Chumlamo Humtsoe, SDO (C) Changtongya cum Convener Inter-Departmental football tournament. A special number was presented by Limanenla Longkumer, invocation was pronounced by Rev. Dr. Nuklu Longkumer, Pastor Tzumokkong Baptist Church. The final match will be played on August 15. The programme was compered by Chubakokla.

Kohima | August 5

The 1st Kohima District Chess Championship 2015 got underway here today at APO conference Hall, organized by Kohima District Chess Association (KDCA) under the aegis of Nagaland Chess Association. The championship was formally declared open by Parliamentary Secretary for Youth Resources & Sports, State Lotteries and Music Task Force Khriehu Liezietsu. Earlier, KDCA president Visanyiizo Kuotsu delivered welcome address. Altogether, 24 players have registered for the championship, which will conclude on August 7. It will be conducted on Swiss league system of 9 rounds. The championship also features six Elo international rated players of Kohima district. The champion will fetch a cash prize of Rs. 10,000 while the 2nd, 3rd and 4th place will pocket a cash prize of Rs. 7000, Rs. 5000 and Rs. 3000 respectively. The prize money is being sponsored by Khriehu Liezietsu.

RGS international open chess tourney

KohiMa, august 5 (MExN): Assam Chess Club, a unit of city based sports promotion NGO Akshayam, in association with All Assam Chess Association Adhoc committee will organise the 2nd edition of the "RGS International Open Rating Chess Tournament 2015" at Royal Global School, Betkuchi, Guwahati from October 18 to 23. The tournament which carries a total prize money of over Rs. 5 lakhs has already been recognized by the World Chess Federation (FIDE). After the Mega success of the inaugural event last year which attracted


over 200 players from across the country including few players from Nepal and Sri Lanka, the organisers expect the participation of over 400 players this year. Players from Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan and Singapore are expected to take part in this tournament this year. The tournament is the biggest ever International rating chess tournament being organized in the Northeast since last year. Local players may contact the organizers on 9864443051 for further details.



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