Universidad Mariano Galvez Guatemala PEM in English
COMPUTER LAB FINAL PROJECT
INTEGRANTS OF THE RECYCLING FROJECT FIRST SEMESTER OF P.E.M. IN ENGLISH
Miriam Susana Díaz
Vivian Yolanda Barrascout López
Project cover ….…………….…………….
Integrants of the project …….…………
General Objective ………….………….
Specific Objectives …………….……….
Recycling project to Develop in class Step One
Conclusions …………………………………. 20 Recommendations …………………………. 21
Create awareness in all people the importance of recycling, we as educators must instill in our students the need to recycle properly, in order to help our planet and thus prevent every day this is affected by misuse of our resources. As professor, we can change the lives of our students through recycling can be sure that in the future they will
To provide students with the tools and ideas necessary for the proper use of waste materials and recycling as well as regenerate optimal conditions to help our environment.
Nowadays we are facing an urgent issue that the temperature of the earth is increasing, we have less water , our forests are dying. We can help bringing some solutions, the simple and easy things that we could do is taking part of the activity of recycling. Involving about the benefits of recycling and putting in
Reuse, Reduce and Recycle.
As an educators we
have a special mission in students lives and this project could help us to learn how to reuse , reduce and recycle things can save our lives in the future.
A noun can be countable or uncountable.
Countable nouns: Can be "counted", they have a singular and plural form . For example:
A book, two books, three books ..... An apple, two apples, three apples ....
Uncountable nouns : (also called mass nouns or noncount nouns) Cannot be counted, they are not seperate objects. This means you cannot make them plural by adding s, because they only have a singular form. It also means that they do not take a/an or a number in front of them. For example:
Water Work Information Coffee Sand
(use a/an or a number in (there is no a/an or number front of countable nouns) with uncountable nouns) An Apple / 1 Apple
I eat an apple every day.
I eat rice every day. (not I eat a rice every day.)
Add (s) to make a countable noun plural apples I eat an apple every day. Apples are good for you.
There is no plural form for an uncountable noun rice I eat rice every day. Rice is good for you.
A computer= Computers are fun.
To make uncountable nouns countable add a counting word, such as a unit of measurement, or the general word piece. We use the form "a ....... of ......."
An elephant=Elephants are large.
Rice=a grain of rice Water=a glass of water Rain=a drop of rain Music=a piece of music
You can use some and You can use some and any any with countable nouns. with uncountable nouns. Some dogs can be dangerous. I don't use any computers at work.
I usually drink some wine with my meal. I don't usually drink any water with my wine.
You only use many and few with plural countable nouns. So many elephants have been hunted that they are an endangered species. There are few elephants in England.
You only use much and little with uncountable nouns. I don't usually drink much coffee. Little wine is undrinkable though.
You can use a lot of and no with plural countable nouns. No computers were bought last week. A lot of computers were reported broken the week before.
You can use a lot of and no with uncountable nouns. A lot of wine is drunk in France. No wine is drunk in Iran.
Some mass nouns refer to groups of specific things. For example:Tables, chairs, cupboards etc. are grouped under the mass noun furniture. 11
Plates, saucers, cups and bowls are grouped under the mass noun crockery. Knives, forks, spoons etc. are grouped under the collective noun cutlery. When you are travelling suitcases, bags etc. are grouped under the mass noun luggage / baggage.
Making uncountable nouns countable
You can make most uncountable noun countable by putting a countable expression in front of the noun. For example:
A piece of information. 2 glasses of water. 10 litres of coffee. Three grains of sand. A pane of glass.
Sources of confusion with countable and uncountable nouns The notion of countable and uncountable can be confusing. Some nouns can be countable or uncountable depending on their meaning. Usually a noun is uncountable when used in a general, abstract meaning (when you don't think of it as a separate object) and countable when used in a particular
meaning (when you can think of it as a separate object). For example:glass - Two glasses of water. (Countable) | A window made of glass. (Uncountable) | glasses - I wear glasses. (Always plural) Some supposedly uncountable nouns can behave like countable nouns if we think of them as being in containers, or one of several types. This is because 'containers' and 'types' can be counted. Believe it or not each of these sentences is correct:Doctors recommend limiting consumption to two coffees a day. (Here coffees refers to the number of cups of coffee) You could write; "Doctors recommend limiting consumption to two cups of coffee a day." The coffees I prefer are Arabica and Brazilian. (Here coffees refers to different types of coffee) You could write; "The types of coffee I prefer are Arabica and Brazilian."
Some / Any / Much / Many
A little, a few or small number or amount. 13
We usually use some in positive sentences for countable and uncountable nouns. I have some friends in London. I usually drink some wine with my meal. Sometimes we use some in a question, when we expect a positive YES answer. Would you like some more tea? Could I have some more sugar please?
One, small or all. It is used with negative sentences.
When asking questions and when a sentence is grammatically positive, but the meaning of the sentence is negative. Do you have any ice cream left for me? My brother never does any chores. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns. Do you have any cheese? He doesn't have any friends in Paris.
It is used with uncountable nouns. They don't have much money to buy a present.
It is used with countable nouns. I don't have many English stamps in my collection.
Much and Many are used to express that there is a large quantity of something.
English exercise "Some / Any / Much / Many" created by greg100 with The test builder Click here to see the current stats of this English test [Save] [Load] [?] 1. Did the teacher give us any homework? - Yes, but not . 2. Nick never does work. He is a very lazy boy. 3. Could you lend me fifty dollars? - No, I haven't got money. 4. She has had as success as her brother. 5. I bought bread, but I didn't buy any butter. I forgot! 6. She is a warm and friendly girl. She has so friends. 7. I've got interesting things to tell you. Let's meet at seven o'clock and I'll tell you everything. 8. How lessons do have you on Mondays? - Only three, mum. 9. Kate was very afraid of ghosts when she was little girl. 10. I didn't see white cats in the garden, only the black one. 11. dogs can be dangerous. Watch out! Some y Any ‘Some’ y ‘any’ acompañan a los contables cuando no especificamos el número y a los sustantivos incontables (ver 15
lección 18). La elección de un determinante u otro dependerá del tipo de oración. Cuando las oraciones son afirmativas se utiliza ‘some’.
There’s some wine in the kitchen – Hay algo de vino en la cocina I have some books in my bedrooms – Tengo algunos libros en mi habitación
Si queremos traducir ‘some’ al español podemos hacerlo como ‘algo’, ‘algún’, ‘algunos’ o ‘algunas’. También es el equivalente a nuestros artículos indeterminados para sustantivos contables plurales:
There are some children by the door – Hay unos niños en la puerta I see some women talking – Veo a unas mujeres hablando
‘Any’ se utiliza en frases negativas y preguntas.
There isn’t any apple juice – No hay jugo de manzana Do you have any oranges? – ¿Tines naranjas?
ATENCIÓN - Cuando se ofrece o se pide algo, se utiliza ‘some’ en preguntas.
Do you want some tea? – ¿Quieres té? Can I have some beer? – ¿Me
Much y Many ‘Much’ y ‘many’ se utilizan para indicar una cantidad elevada. ‘Much’ se usa con sustantivos incontables y ‘many’ con contables plurales. En este caso, no se tendrá en cuenta el tipo de frase.
He doesn’t have much money – No tiene mucho dinero She knows many people – Conoce a mucha gente Do you have many friends? – No tiene mucho dinero
Para preguntar la cantidad de algo también se utilizan estos determinantes. How much milk does he drink? – ¿Cuánta leche bebe? How many chairs are there in your kitchen? – ¿Cuántas sillas hay en tu cocina?
NOTA - Otra manera de decir que hay una cantidad elevada es utilizando ‘a lot of’ delante del sustantivo. Esta expresión se puede utilizar tanto con nombres contables como incontables. 17
You drink a lot of coffee! – ¡Bebes mucho café! That house has a lot of bathrooms – Esa casa tiene muchos baños
Survey Children perform a survey relating to recycling in Microsoft Office Word and interview 10 children. The survey has the following questions.
Do you consider that is necessary and important to recycle? Yes ________ No __________
Do you like the recycling project developed in class ? Yes ________ No __________
Are you going to recycle all as you can ? Yes ________ No __________
Do you want to help the world Reduce, Reuse and Recycle ? Yes ________ No __________
Do you learn how to recycle ? Yes ________ No __________
Step Six: The students have to move data to a chart in Microsoft Office Excel In the Computer, then they have to make a Power Point Presentation to explain to all the class the Importance of Recycling and How we can help to save our world.
Conclusions We have done a good task, talking about Recycling. Now we just have to think that we can take care about our environment. The importance of recycling is : 1. It diminishes the pollution of the environment. 2. It is economic. 3. It saves materials and natural resources. 4. It saves energy. 5. It diminishes the costs and learn how to reuse the trash. 6. It easy and sa 7. ves time and money. 8. Practice the law of the 3 RÂ´s is synonym of saving the planet .
Recommendations As Professors we give the following recommendation to have a successful recycling. Public Education, a Vigorous public education is an integral part of the Law of the 3 R´s effort and must be on-going. • Continue contacting people to educate in the culture of recycling. • Encourage people to reduce and recycling in an adequate place as a Recycling cans. • Continue and expand media to promote the Law of 3 R’s RRR . Voluntary programs. Can help to educate the community showing Costs, contracts, curbside pickup, containers , etc. 21
ď‚ˇ Give the example of recycling.
U.M.G. Final Project / Computing Laboratory.