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“I have been working on this idea of chaos after the war. I am completely saturated with this idea of how my life impacts my daughter’s and this idea of the war still eating away at me. This has been a continual struggle.” - for more visit

1 Matthew Deibel

Exploring love and lost illusions, this collection delicately unpacks experiences of trauma and triumph. Through a series of profound and personal stories and poems, including gripping accounts of suicide and assault, art and text excavates some difficult human experiences to find meaning, and healing. It’s art therapy, shared publicly to inspire new conversation and collaboration.

Thanks to all who contributed art, words, prompts, edits, efforts, and ideas. Some of the artwork included (broadsides from appeared at the Veteran Art Summit in Chicago in 2019.

Lovella Calica provided the photos of art from Combat Paper and Warrior Writers workshops.

Special thanks to The Mission Continues, Warrior Writers, The Joiner Institute, UMass Boston, The Suffolk Poetry Center, Darwin’s Cafe, Northeastern Crossing, The Longfellow House, The Friends Meeting House in Cambridge, The Old North Church, The Veteran Art Movement, and so many people who made time for writing workshops in Boston and Cambridge.

These collected works are owned by the artists and writers credited. The ideas expressed are solely those of the creator of each work. This collection does not represent any collective, movement, organization or nonprofit.

Information in this document was not independantly fact checked. This work exists to inspire discussion and new creativity.

This issue is not for sale.

Yvette M. Pino, founder of the Veteran Print Project, created the cover image, “After Three Generations the Daughters Are Free”

Produced by Caleb Nelson

Library of Congress Control Number: 2022950158

ISBN: 978-1-7348401-2-4

11 November 2022 ISSN: 2770-0518

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Complacency Kills


Lith — Matthew Deibel’s practice investigates trauma and violence often with reference to the war in Iraq.

Intention — Andrew Fassett served as a Combat Engineer Officer in the Marine Corps, 2009-2016.

NSA & GITMO — Eric J. Garcia uses history to create political art that confronts our understanding of the present.

We Were Poets — Deana Tavares is an artist, writer, and poet, creator of

Warrior Writer — Eric Wasileski deployed to the Persian Gulf during Operation Desert Fox.

Piece of Lead — Ehren Tool just makes cups, and believes peace is the only adequate war memorial.

Group Therapy — Anthony Torres served in the U.S. Army from 2002-2006, and deployed to Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq.

National Bird — Hipolito Arriaga served in the U.S. Marine Corps 2003-07, deployed in support of OIF.

G. I. Jane — Adam M. Graaf served nine years in the Army Reserve and deployed to Kuwait and Iraq in 2003.

Blink — Christopher Weindorf is a former infantryman in the 82nd Airborne Division. He deployed to Iraq in 2008.

Too Often — Davelle Barnes served as an Information Technology Specialist in the Army Reserves.

They Are Shouting — Marc Levy served as an infantry medic with Delta 1/7 First Cavalry in Vietnam, 1969-70.

Metta at My Window — Fred Marchant was honorably discharged from the Marine Corps as a C.O. in 1970.

Dream One and Two — Alan Asselin joined the Air Force in 1971 and joined protests against the war in Vietnam.

Wake-up Call — Kevin Basl served in the Army as a mobile radar operator 2003-08, twice deploying to Iraq.

Lost in the Desert — Kevin Beaudry served on active duty in the U.S. Army 2003-07 and in the reserves until 2014.

Bare Life — Mitch Manning is an Associate Editor for CONSEQUENCE, a literary journal on the culture of war.

Coffee Date With Jesus — Audra Jamai White served as a Water Purification Specialist in the U.S. Army for eight years.

Bai Hep’s Porch — David Connolly served with the 11th Armored Cavalry in Vietnam. He wrote Lost in America.

PX — Michael Anthony wrote two award-winning memoirs: Civilianized and Mass Casualties.

Papa Says the Moon Pulls the Ocean Back — Shannon Kafka was born in the Cayman Islands to military parents.

Why Men Die First — Tahsin Mohammad has starred as concierge at several buidings in the Boston area.

How to Connect with the New Toni — Toni Topps is a Financial Coach, Writer, Motivational Speaker, and U.S. Airforce Veteran.

The Old Masters — Kevin Bowen served in the 1st Air Cavalry Division in Vietnam 1968-69.

Black Harad Has Fallen — Nyadenya Inyagwa indulges in his favorite two universes (the Power Universe and Middle Earth).

4am Poem — Lovella Calica founded Warrior Writers, and edited four anthologies of veterans’ writing and artwork.

Pardon Me — Erin Leach-Ogden spent eight years in the U.S. Army as a UH-60L Black Hawk pilot, 82nd Airborne.

The Sentry Responds — Karen Skolfield served seven years as a 71Q photojournalist in the U.S. Army.

Alive or Dead — Preston H. Hood won the Poet’s Seat in Greenfield, MA for his poem Beauty is a Cardinal.

Admonishment to a Barn Snake — Adam L. Overbay served as an airborne infantryman and DIA operator.

Lisa, Herself — Joan Kelley is a recovering attorney, retired Navy veteran, and screenwriter.

Recycled Media — Drew Cameron unravels stories in cloth and turns them into the endless possibilities of blank paper.

Hypatia — Evan Gildersleeve collaborated with Caleb Nelson to make this graphic story.

Glossary — Janet McIntosh wrote The Edge of Islam: Power, Personhood, and Ethnoreligious Boundaries on the Kenya Coast.

4 Content
1 5 6 7 8 9 12 13 15 22 25 27 29 30 32 35 36 37 38 39 40
51 52 55 56 61 82 90
41 43 45
48 49

Four syllables to One. Life to no breath. Not that it is deadly poison. One drop will rarely dispatch you.

It is never written down as the cause of death. Is that why it needs to always be rebranded as dangerous?

God help us to get free! From seeing and not seeing. From slipping into Complacency. An alternative reality where our being quickly becomes our lack of being alive. Or failing to live. We know it doesn’t just happen on the battlefield. It can be field, garrison, or none of the above.

May these pages keep us present. Anchors for our drifting minds. Telescopes for our wandering eyes. Comrades for our lonely souls. May they help to keep us fully alive.

5 Andrew Fassett
6 Eric J. Garcia

Joiner Institute, 2017

We, were just poets Through the headscarves And beards The childhood fears We, were poets

From between the lines And the pages Ageless Raceless Brave and courageous Just poets

Within word drenched rooms Puddles converged Energy consumed Poets

7 Deana Tavares
We Were Poets for The

When I say that I am a Warrior Writer

I mean that the mission of the organization speaks to my condition It gives me hope I love the folks and I love the action We are a community

When I say I am a Warrior Writer

I mean that I do not really care about The other veterans politics I am glad to have buddies to pal around with

When I say I am a Warrior Writer

I mean that I appreciate the opportunity To look inward and express things I have hidden from myself and others

When I say I am a Warrior Writer

I have become a journeyman poet My own book has sold over 600 copies I host workshops series and open mics

When I say that I am a Warrior Writer

I have been able to recreate myself anew Because of the poems I am a better person And like myself more

When I say I am a Warrior Writer

I am not saying anything at all I am just a guy trying to get by The art helps

8 Eric Wasileski Warrior Writer


In his own words, Ehren Tool, “just makes cups.”

The humble vessels are layered with imagery and photos that represent not only war abroad but also gun violence at home. Shelves in this installation hold a sepecific number of cups, symbolizing the magazine round capacieties of the most frequently used guns in Chicago violent crimes: the 9mm and

Ehren Tool
10 Ehren Tool

Craft in America

“There is nothing I do that I think is going to change the world; but there is nothing in the world that releases me from my obligation to try.”

11 Ehren Tool

People say I’m crazy! But they’re insane to think anyone would take a round trip flight to Hell and not come back burned, or more like scarred. No – charred, as pieces of my soul remain on that blood soaked soil of ancient Mesopotamia. And for what? For who? Why there? Why now? You don’t ask those questions. Why not? Trust me, you don’t wanna know the answer. So we maintain our military bearing, bear these arms and bear this pain but don’t bare your soul when it’s barely sane. And when it’s “mission accomplished”

You take your little happy ass back to where you came from. And then it’s not the same the faces are but the vibe is different, it’s not me it’s you –you’re different

My eyes are the same but the lens has changed.

12 Anthony Torres Group Therapy

Soaring, 20 thousand-plus feet high, up here the view is majestic, I can see forever. The world takes on a different display, people are barely the size of gnats. I can almost imagine another life for myself, however that’s not my purpose, I’m a necessary force for good in this barbarous world, delivering justice to whatever shithole requires it, regardless of sovereign borders; courtesy of the good folks funding the War of Terror; excuse me, War on Terror.

My area of operations is boundless & data collection is my obsession. Wait, do you hear that? All these uncivilized heathens do is whine & beg, petitioning for protection from me. The almighty Eye in the Sky, 66 – foot wingspan with vision sharper than that of any bird of prey, 500 lb. bombs & Hellfire missiles, my fatal talons. When will they realize their words are wasted, crying is futile? Nothing is safe when I reign down fire & fury, for none are mightier than I. Bald eagles ain’t got shit on me! I don’t just destroy lives I suspend them in animation, hovering over their heads for days like bills passed due. My unwarranted presence incarcerating them in their own homes day after night, fear has replaced any trace of joy. No shadow can shield them from my wrath, eventually they’ll come out & that’s when I’ll end them…

(UAV) Unauthorized American Vengeance, part science fiction, part Orwellian death machine, one look at me & Hitler would’ve prematurely discharged his U – boats. I ‘m characterized as a precision weapon that effectively locates & neutralizes targets systematically with limited damage to civilians; political lingo for I fuck shit up! I’ve witnessed coalition soldiers perish, observed enemy combatants blown to bits, & watched as civilians departed this world violently, I’ve learned that all die the same, the innocent as well as the guilty, not much difference from my vantage point, just scattered limbs & torsos for loved ones to collect & bury; positive identification is nearly impossible. I’ve obliterated funerals & ravaged weddings; war is hell. Do you ever step on ants & give it another thought? I sure don’t…

Speaking of pests, I’ve located a nest. Thermal imaging scans confirm a group of 10 military aged males gathered with suspicious intent. They appear to be loading large substances onto pickup trucks; could be harmless or could be a terrorist cell preparing their next attack. My “pattern of life” intelligence indicates they are involved in insurgent activity; time to release my reaper’s scythe; kill em all, let God sort em out. Minimal effort required, a single finger stroke of a button, thousand of miles from the battlefield & justice is delivered faster than you can say; “fuck yeah”. Targets eliminated, I’ll linger in the area waiting for first responders to arrive & greet them with the same hostile hospitality; what we in this dirty business dub a double tap strike.

At 17 million a pop, I’m the tip of the spear; eradicating radicals & extremists with no risk to our troops. We continue to spill blood overseas with wires & keyboards sometimes being our only connection to the combat zone. Your child’s video games are the perfect tools for training & recruiting of tomorrow’s desensitized button mashers. Touchy issues such as morality don’t confine me; I do what’s necessary minus bureaucratic red tape. Regrettably, I do kill elderly, women & children on occasion; collateral damage is unavoidable. Understand, it’s not my fault; I’m just a mindless drone & do as I am programmed.

13 Hipolito Arriaga
National Bird

Demi Moore works out alone and in combat boots, basic-issue socks, cut-off sweats, and a white tank top rolled up to her breasts. She shows off her toned abs as she moans through a set of hanging sit-ups. The men in her platoon don’t see her nipples rise toward the pull-up bar she fights to raise her chin to or tease the barracks floor each time she lowers her chest to complete another push-up— legs spread, buttocks clenched, dog tags jangling. In the shower, her shoulders glisten. Her spine. The slight bloom of her hips.

She turns to face us.

G. I. Jane (1997) Adam M. Graaf

Step 6: Fingernail Scrapings

Did the patient scratch the assailant’s skin or clothing? If No: Go to the next step. If Yes, or Patient Unsure:

Take out all components. Unfold the paper sheet labeled LEFT HAND and place it on a flat surface.

Place patient’s left hand over the paper. Scrape under all five fingernails allowing any debris to fall

onto the paper. Place used scraper in center of the paper, FOLD AS TO RETAIN CONTENTS.

Repeat this procedure with the patient’s right hand using the paper sheet labeled RIGHT HAND.

Cpl. Dawning distracts herself, imagines grade school, when she traced an outline of her hand days before Thanksgiving—splayed fingers for feathers, an orange beak along her thumb’s knuckle,

which rests in the nurse’s hand the same way Dawning’s sister used to lift each nail to paint. She waits for the tickle of acetone, the brush’s caress. Instead, she smells the sterile gloves, feels the prick from the nurse’s tool— plastic, crystal green, like those miniature swords bartenders use to spear olives.

Left-aligned text based on instructions and questions from Tritech Forensics’s sexual assault evidence collection training kit, which I viewed at a Boston area hospital.

Adam M. Graaf

Step 11: Pubic Hair Combing

Remove paper towel, comb, and MATTED PUBIC HAIR envelope.

With the patient in the lithotomy position, place paper towel under patient’s buttocks.

If any matted pubic hair is present, remove the paper sheet and unfold.

Using sterile scissors, cut off any matted hair and place on the paper; allow the hair to air dry.

Fold the paper as to retain the sample, then place in the envelope. Seal the envelope.

Using the comb provided, comb pubic hair in downward strokes so that any loose hairs and/or debris will fall onto the paper towel.

Fold the towel as to retain both the comb and debris collected and return to the STEP 11 envelope. Seal the envelope.

Reflected on a plastic face shield, Cpl. Dawning watches the nurse finger wiry hairs before the tug of a black comb teases out dried bits of blood, like crumbs. Almost done, the nurse says.

When Dawning was seven, she tried curling her Barbie’s hair to make the doll look more like her mother. Afterwards, as the iron cooled, she struggled to straighten the melted golden strands— the teeth of her father’s pocket comb crooking against Barbie’s burnt ends.

Left-aligned text based on instructions and questions from Tritech Forensics’s sexual assault evidence collection training kit, which I viewed at a Boston area hospital.

Adam M. Graaf

When the car T-bones hers on Kneeland and the airbag bursts in the same ruckled blast of metal that bent Pvt. Hurston dead and bucked the gunner twenty yards from his seat before the medic pulled her into a haze of dust and smoke,

she doesn’t imagine the roadside in Ramadi, the muffled bark of rifles, the boy’s hand she held as they pumped on his chest. Nothing about the accident reminds her of desert routes punching through trucks.

Not until the other driver’s hot mint breath cuts from behind the shattered windshield does a memory break loose: the sergeant’s growl as he pulled out, finished on her belly. And the flash of a bottle’s sheen before the flush of mouthwash seared the raw between her thighs.

How It All Comes Back
Adam M. Graaf

The coffee shop’s window frames a funeral home. A line of black

cars staged to shuttle mourners. Yellow tulips, white crocuses flutter

from the rush of traffic. A bulldog pulls its owner toward a smudge, licks

the concrete. Inside, a patron spills tea, bleeding a deserted newspaper’s photo of armed men. Casket-bearers and soon the hearse’s signal flashes

—the driver edges into traffic. Passers-by laugh, wipe their eyes.

Thirteen Years Later March 19, 2016 Adam M. Graaf

Blink and you’re back in the turret of an MRAP on the side of a road off Route Aeros pulling security at a TCP. Left hand angling the .50 skyward, thumb on butterfly trigger held safe by brass, right hand resting on the round black turret control, you slowly traverse your sector--back and forth, over and over. Listening to idle chatter over the net, because everyone else is asleep, because we have been out here for 14 fucking hours baking in the sun, as your mind wanders over the BOLO list, and who named a fork a fork, and why is it spelled F-O-R-K not F-Y-R-C or filament or phalanges, you sound it out in your head as it becomes increasingly alien and ridiculous.

Piss into a water bottle, wishing you’d brought a wide mouth Gatorade instead. Crack open another RipIt as your brain slowly liquefies and seeps out down your right earlobe.

Blink back the rage as you rep another set to failure, body so full of steroids and Superpump your sweat doesn’t evaporate. First Sergeant comes in yelling to shut the fuck up, we’re giving him a headache, and clean up the goddamn gym while we are at it. 300 club? I fucking rep that shit bro. Trying to finish your set before the smell of your buddy’s balls in your face as he spots you makes you pass out, haven’t done laundry in weeks, so dirty it’s just funny now.

Getting prison big doing pull-ups and dips on bars make of hockey sticks and 550 cord.

22 Christopher Weindorf

Blink, and you’ll miss it- the sharp white heat flashes on the dark FLIR as the RPGs rip into the sandbag bunker on the roof and McGee leans into the SAW and lays the scunion, three to six second bursts cutting through the night like music: Die Terrorist Die, Die Terrorist Die, getting confirmed kills while Staff Sergeant Ives crawls out of the pile of sandbags looking like a ghost, not a scratch on him. “Buy a lotto ticket, sarge.” Laughter.

Blink away the smoke and the sweat and the boredom as you cross off another day sitting on wooden benches and plastic lawn chairs, smoking haji cigarettes imported from France twenty fucking years ago; burning your throat with every bone dry Inhalation, drinking Wild Tigers and waiting on the word. Air is green. Air is red. Air is black. Every possible permutation, I count down the patrols and guard shifts till we right seat ride and get the fuck out of this bitch.

Blink in the darkness as you wake up in a cold sweat and reach for your weapon, panic ripping through your chest when it isn’t there, only to slowly realize as your eyes acclimate to the shadows that you aren’t in Iraq anymore. You’ve been home for months. Sit on the edge of your bed and stare as the blurry red neon numbers shrink and sharpen into focus and your racing heart slows to something resembling normal. Three a.m. in the barracks. Shuffle past beer cans and climb into the shower, lay there naked with the cold porcelain against your skin as the steaming water pounds your chest and you stare disjointedly at discolorations in the grout.

Blink back the tears, alone, as you grab another shot of Jameson, Jack-fucking anything to catch a buzz and drown out all the noise, and stress, and bullshit. Watching war movies in your apartment, the intermittent brightness on the screen cutting through the darkness and bouncing off bare walls. Thinking about friends who have been dead for years. Thinking about that wrong turn gunning the lead vehicle when the driver took a sharp left instead of going straight. Thought nothing of it until a half an hour later when the next convoy didn’t take a left, and hit the IED. It should have been you. But here you are. Take another shot.

Blink and you’re back in the civilian world, not homeless or begging to reenlist, despite the Army’s Prognostications. But you aren’t all back. You won’t ever be the same. You sit on a bench watching sailboats sway against the tide in Boston Harbor, smiling as time turns stress, and sleep deprivation and ineptitudes of leadership into peals of laughter that flash across the waves.

Blink, and you miss it. You miss it so much.

Christopher Weindorf Blink

Too often we soldiers discover we are breakable for the first time in Anesthesia, we wake up stitched together with the fibers of our past beliefs.

Too often us soldiers don’t realize the woman in the middle of the road has a soul until we return home and can no longer find our own.

Too often We as soldiers don’t notice we have a story until we have read many others some that move our eyes maybe even our lips but never touching home.

That will always be warzone.

Too often soldiers have unpacking to do, have duffels that last longer than our love ones. Stuffed with regrets heavy and enduring. Carrying sorrow well beyond our service obligation.

Too many soldiers posses gifts drilled out of our feet and skulls in the name of discipline, valor and the science of military psychology

Too often the rhetoric outlined in the uniformed code of military justice punishes our humanity in the spirit of freedom.

Too often. Too many. Too much. What it means to be a soldier.

25 Davelle Barnes

They have open faces, open eyes, Foreheads unlined by love Or sorrow--sweet faces seize The air like colts, thriving On springy legs, jumpy manes Their exquisite selves Committing crimes Walking to them. They are shouting Enough! Basta, enough! Shouting: this is not America.

27 Marc Levy
They Are Shouting
28 Yvette Pino

I open the word window as if it were a window and see the word’s origins in auga, the north sea may all beings be safe,

Norse yielding an ow sound like wind blowing, a gust rushing in from the Hindu Kush in vatas, may all beings be free

scents of Sanskrit, inside of which is carried vates, the Roman priest who’d rip apart a bird to see if from danger and fear, or what the flowing heart or liver might give us. Now the planet breathes again on my window, as a mother protects while on the tv I get a quick glimpse of some who piss on the dead, young voices splashing with her life her child,

around a pebble of hope that at least one boy’s bladder clenched so tightly it refused to let go. her only child . . .

1. metta: Buddhist prayer for loving-kindness

29 Fred Marchant
Window 1
Metta at My

The football soars From my hand to Joe in a perfect arc in a perfect spiral.

Wide eyed, an almost awful, awe filled expression lights Joe’s face, he catches the ball

30 Alan Asselin
Dream One

Driving someplace, in the country in the summer in the mountains in New Hampshire winding road in some old car my wife in the seat beside me my kids and my dog in the back. We are going someplace but I don’t know where but I do know how to get there. The car is green the sky is blue the windows are down the breeze is fresh, perfect not cold, not hot not humid, just right. It looks like it might be 1963 1959.

Striped jerseys and dungarees. The boys look like little baseball players, ears aflap. The girls look like Barbie, blonde pony tails. Smiles.

31 Alan Asselin
Dream Two

Six days before the fifth deployment of Sergeant Justin Crossnew our chaplain came to say no morning accountability formation and remain in the barracks till our silver-starred squad leader gets cut down from the third story fire escape where he double-wrapped paracord ‘round his neck, let himself hang for the whole world to see.

32 Kevin Basl
Wake-up Call

A Poem That Shouldn’t

Poetry has the power to infuriate. It actually can make something happen. I saw it for myself. I felt the sting.

“Wake-up Call,” a fast-written poem I long hesitated to share, triggered an explosive argument at the Dodge Poetry Festival in 2014. I read the poem while participating in a “Poetics of War” panel discussion with fellow veteran-writers. During the Q&A, a man stood and challenged me: “Why had the soldier in the poem committed suicide?” The question blindsided me. My tentative response went something like: “one could never truly know, perhaps hazing, perhaps multiple deployments.” It was a lame answer. After all, there was so much more I could have said. Why didn’t I tell him about veteran-activist and musician Jacob George, who had taken his own life just weeks before the festival? Why didn’t I turn the question around, ask the audience? The man proceeded to criticize me and others on the panel for using poetry to spread vitriol rather than love and hope. Another panelist, a marine veteran, took offense. He had worked in mortuary affairs and long struggled with suicidal thoughts. He told the man to sit down, that instructing us what not to write was like censorship, the sort of thing that encourages people to kill themselves. The man slowly sat — then he jumped up and burst into a rage. He blurted out that he too was a veteran, had watched friends die in combat. He had been in Vietnam! The yelling escalated until Lovella Calica, Warrior Writers’ founder and director, stepped in and calmed both men down. Meanwhile, the audience was slipping out the backdoor, off to tell the world what they had just witnessed. It was a complicated situation, and I can’t say I handled it well.

The poem is, of course, meant to be provocative. I wrote it to express the shock of learning a fellow soldier has died by their own hand. While “Sergeant Justin Crossnew” is fictitious, the content is based on two very real suicides that happened close to me.

In spring 2004, I arrived at Fort Stewart, GA, my first duty station. I remember my introduction to the 3rd Infantry Division as a tragedy of sorts. Signing into my battalion, I learned we would be deploying to Iraq in early 2005 for at least a year. Just weeks later, a private whom I knew well from radar training school hanged himself publicly: late at night, in the barracks stairwell, right outside my room. He didn’t leave a note. Most did blame hazing, yet in the same breath would claim they didn’t see it coming. After an hourlong memorial ceremony and a briefing on depression and alcoholism, my unit resumed training.

Suicides, I learned later, had been on the rise Army-wide (and especially at Fort Stewart). The Army recorded 145 in 2001. The number would continue to grow over the next decade, reaching 321 in 2012 (little progress has been made: 2018 also saw 321). At its worst, the amount has registered well over double the national civilian rate. I don’t remember anyone in the ranks, at least in my units, raising even an eyebrow over this phenomenon. I don’t remember the issue coming up in conversation. Perhaps it wasn’t surprising that suicide and war-making go hand-inhand?

33 Kevin Basl

The other incident happened three years later, after my second deployment. Just two months after returning from Iraq, I found myself back in college, the Army fading to memory. Waiting for class to begin one morning, a soldier-friend texted, “1SG K killed himself.” Nothing followed. Was this a joke? My throat tightened and my heart started pounding. I closed my notebook and left for what would become a day of confusing, emotional phone calls. Why had our first sergeant, a leader of about a hundred soldiers, hanged himself in a motel closet? This time, most blamed family strife, exacerbated by multiple deployments. But a beloved leader and a well-decorated soldier, 20 years of service, soon to retire, two teenage boys — how could he have chosen such a fate?

“Wake-up Call,” a poem I rarely read publicly these days*, has shown up in two unlikely places. Gulf War veteran and ceramicist Ehren Tool incorporated it into one of his unique war cups (he’s made thousands), which now lives in the Smithsonian. And artist Josh MacPhee printed the poem on a broadside print for Philadelphia’s Mural Arts Program. It got tacked up in train stations, libraries and other public spaces around the city in 2014. Much appreciated in both cases--but not worth the two deaths (or, rather, the thousands) that inspired the poem. And though I hope my poem will continue shocking readers in the way those soldiersuicides shocked me, hopefully it doesn’t stop there. Hopefully, the poem will provoke questions. Why are so many service members and veterans killing themselves? Where is our culture going wrong? How can we fix it?

*The last time I read it was at a Warrior Writers performance in June 2015, at the Longfellow House, Cambridge, MA. “Wake-up Call” was the evening’s opening poem.

34 Kevin Basl

My second tour to Iraq felt like an echo of the first. It felt like faux-work, a tease for those that had tasted the frontlines, and instead were told to ride the bench until the fourth quarter. In November of 2005 my unit with the rest of the brigade set out for another 12-15 months of winning hearts and minds. Instead we found our home in the desert of Kuwait.

We had set out with tanks, artillery, infantry, combat engineers, and support primed for door-to-door combat, or humanitarian rebuilding, but the CIC dictated a reduction of operational force. The unit stepped down. We waited at the border. Restless, we waited. Month after month, unloading and reloading combat gear. Every day we would hear whispers, whispers calling us to war.

Supporting the mission is still a mission, but waiting for a mission feels like lunacy. However, this should not have come as a surprise. Over 200 years of hurry up and wait mantra should have prepared us for this difficulty. I had waited in line for shots without vaccines on site. I waited for hours for an email before departing base. I was told to wait for higher clearance to return fire when attacked in the heart of the combat zone. Reminders to follow the ROE, checking in with higher ranks for better judgement was a red flag of the dangers ahead.

We spent weeks in the cold winter months of the previous year ramping up for combat. In Graf and Holenfels we took up positions in mock Iraqi villages that were knee deep in snow as we wore ancient MOLLE gear.

I remember the attack they staged on the chapel. Fear lived in my veins as I crouched in the snow scanning for muzzle flashes or movement in the distance. I felt like a bad mama jama with my year in combat experience as I positioned ready for op 4 to enter my view. Instead I found myself chastised for encouraging a private to guard a door with a rifle in a room marked as holy.

“That’s not the message we want to send. Survival is not the only goal. We have ethics and standards holding us high, even in war.”

There is a saying in the military, “A busy soldier is a happy soldier.” Or maybe you prefer, “Idle hands are

Lost in the Desert

the devil’s playground.” We learned this lesson back in the fall of ‘04, after returning to the U.S. military base on German soil.

Within a month back from the tour, in record numbers soldiers got locked behind bars and got extra duty for various crimes. Combat veterans that held high honor to their families and their nation spent time mowing grass, scrubbing toilets, painting rocks, and completing other menial tasks for the command in reparation for sorted actions: smoking marijuana, driving drunk, shooting heroin, or insubordination. The idleness struck all. With no mission, we began to fall apart. So back to training we went before the paint dried on the memorials of our dead.

Now in the desert, with no mission, and thousands separated from their wives and kids, there sat a brigade trained and ready for combat. I heard the command begged to cross the border that lay only a few miles away, but time and time again the answer was, “No.”

In ‘04, back on German soil after deployment we settled down. After a few months the numbers on Restriction began to dwindle as the consequences for unholy actions became clear. Weekends were liberating, but we held at bay pure ecstasy for fear of retribution from insubordination. There was now no threat on German soil, no need to live out today for the threat of tomorrow’s loss.

On the Iraqi border it was a different type of waiting. Like a wolf, held back by bars and starved, we salivated. Waiting to taste meat some had only heard about, and others had dreamed about for the last 12 months between deployments. God says that he will never tempt you more than you can handle. I have held my head to a pillow and screamed for mercy.

We stopped the bus in the middle of the sand, turned off the engine and lights and sat. Slowly the sun began to fade and all we heard was the wind floating past the sides of the bus. The four chaplains pointed all in one direction towards home, toward the glow from base lights, a beacon back to insanity that would soon end with new beginnings. Six months in the desert, we were waiting for war.

35 Kevin Beaudry

I open myself to surveillance like St. Francis

Standing at the wood line without clothes

The villagers embarrassed

For the marks and scars they gave him

At the edge of the meadow a procession Robed and wreathed barefoot mendicants

Hair of laurels, a single tambourine Voices above branchless trees

Fecund hope grown in Northeastern gardens

Uninterrupted bird song, a prayer wall for activists Someone scrawled a name so small we thought it an accident Did prayer stop the wall? Did prayer stop the killing? Or did prayer stop the heart from falling through the floor?

I tie myself to something at the bus stop

So I don’t fall through the street in to the river My heart beats erratically unsure of its own path forward As if to beat or flutter, a wire errantly crossed To save or be saved on the 7:51

Tomorrow the sun will go away And the light through the window Will be flat and empty, depthless

I stand in silence unsure when living and lying begins or ends Which persona will I create today?

Who’s clothes should I put on?

This energy of bells ringing across the eaves and gutters Who is our warlord of night?

When will we go to battle the lawyers? Courtrooms are instruments of the powerful Not scales of justice rendered in statues from myth

A misplaced trust in a system that defies you Survival is not happiness Bare life is just enough says the state adjudicators

All is fair beneath the wig and robe Unless you are unclothed And your head is shorn

36 Mitch Manning
Bare Life

Everyday is Monday on deployment. As a fobbit, my Mondays were about as catastrophic as a Dilbert cartoon, or maybe an episode of Cathy on a bad hair day. It was just me and Sargent Sugar in the office with nothing to talk about besides the grayscale heat signatures feeding from our surveillance equipment. It must have been a quiet night.

Sargent Sugar looked up from the moving shapes on her screen at me, face blanched in the colorless lights, “White, why don’t you like Jesus?”

“It’s not that I don’t like Jesus,” I said and let my voice trail off. I pretended to be examining a peculiar shape on the screen.

Immediately after confirmation, as soon as I had a choice, my first adult act in the Catholic Church was to leave it. I appreciate the teachings of Jesus Christ, and I like The Church as an institution caring for the poor, the sick, the widowed and orphaned, but I cannot overlook their complicity in atrocities.

Many church members encouraged the Transatlantic Slave Trade, and my existence is a direct consequence of the forced African Diaspora, which followed the genocide of native peoples in the Americas. Maybe my frustration had to do with Papal power protecting pedophiles, or maybe it’s about women being barred from the priesthood. The stories seemed arcane and priests latched onto manucha like do women really have an extra rib or is that just embellishment. Would a womb get in the way of ministering to a faith community?

There’s plenty of harm to go around. There’s plenty of blame to assign, excuses to trade. I’m not down with the pursuit of gold and glory in the name of God.

I do not understand how if we hate the sin, we can love the sinner. I’m not into fire, brimstone, and the “I pray to you, you give to me” transactional framework of the divine.

We are unable to speak on the will or desire of another being with any certainty: not a cat, not a lover, and certainly not a god. That’s just the problem with other minds. You can’t know them.

Coffee Date With Jesus

There is no love lost between me and the white man every adult told my child-self was the savior of all of mankind, but only if we accepted this truth. I could not believe that someone, especially God Made Flesh, could love all of humanity, die for every person who ever was and ever will be, only to accept us after death if we said the right words and felt the right way. That does not seem just, or loving, or kind, or divine, not to me, not to any version of me that I ever remember being.

All of those thoughts arose and crashed on the sore of my deeply breathing, loudly sighing, mind. I said none of this to her. Instead I gave her a parable. “It’s not that I don’t love Jesus,” I said. “I don’t want to hang out with his friends. It’s like High School, and Jesus is the popular kid. Every weekend there’s a party at Jesus’ dad’s house because his dad is not home and his mother is retired. And every weekend Jesus has his friends over to his house to party, but they’re all assholes and I just don’t want to hang out with assholes. But if Jesus wants to get some coffee and chat one-on-one we can do that.”

“Okay White, I can appreciate that,” Sugar said.

Audra Jamai White

Ba Hiep’s Porch

We’d come in off operation and drop our packs and weapons on the front porch of Ba Hiep’s restaurant just beside the Catholic Church in Xuan Loc. We were snuggled between the 18th ARVN Division’s base camp, the 32nd Artillery compound, and the 199th Light Infantry Brigade’s main base camp, and couldn’t have felt safer. If had become a ritual to end up here, a ritual we didn’t want to break. We hadn’t lost a guy since it started.

Madame Hiep’s kids would take the block of ice we had brought out of our hands and replace it with cold bottles of Ba Moui Ba, 33 beer. The Ba Hiep would begin to ladle out Pho, strong, thick soup fragrant with garlic and lemon grass and spices we couldn’t have named if it meant our lives. Little peppers floated in the broth, so hot we feared them more than the Viet Cong. It wasn’t home, but it wasn’t the bush. And it certainly wasn’t what we ate at home, not by a fucking long shot, but it sure wasn’t C Ration gorilla bars or John Wayne cookies with that nasty C Rat peanut butter smeared on them for a cold supper sitting out on some ambush.

Next would come bowls of sticky, seasoned rice with mystery meat piled on it. Guiterrez would say something like, “Sarge, yo tengo un poco Viet. Que es?” I don’t speak Spanish. He spoke very little English, but they still drafted him and got him killed. Sometimes the meat was pork; sometimes it was dog. Once it was something Ba Hiep called “Gon Ki.” I knew that “gon” meant banana and when I asked her about “ki” she did a little pantomime of scratching under each arm. I realized we were eating the ass of a baboon, probably Rock Ape. Only one guy wouldn’t eat it. The rest of us shrugged our shoulders, said “Fuck it” and bent our heads down into our bowls. Again, anything was better than cold C Rats.

We headed up north the week after, to Quan Loi for the next operation and our streak broke, three dead, three wounded. One of the Brothers shot himself through both cheeks of his ass to get out of the war. No one blamed him or turned him in. He had done his time and just couldn’t hack it anymore.

The afternoon we got bac to Xuan Loc, we were back on the porch, but it was different. We were different. The “mystery meat” that night was bitter and tasted like it had been dipped in perfume. I didn’t understand what Ba Hiep said the meat was in Vietnamese, and when I asked again, she said, “Trung Si (Sergeant), en Francais, Chat.” Shit. We were chewing on cat. No one would eat it. Everyone seemed really mad at being served it, all pissed off at Madame Hiep, saying shit like, “Fucking Gook,” about her and to her, forgetting the pleasant safety we had felt on that porch, the wonderful meals we had been served there, the chance for such easy camaraderie in a combat zone, and the strength we had all taken from it all. Even with the Infantryman’s innate superstition to keep up doing ritualistic shit, I couldn’t convince any of them to go back to Ba Hiep’s with me.

Then on the next operation that took us into the Michelin Rubber Plantations, we hit the big time, stepping into a huge ambush to one at least. A few of us walked away with our bodies mostly intact, but there were only eleven of us alive out of all the F Troop.

We probably should have said, “Fuck it,” and ate that damn cat.

38 David Connolly

Eww Newports!

Are you serious?

You’re sold out of Marb Red’s? How about Camel’s? Camel’s too!

Winston’s? You’re kidding me even Winston’s! How about Pall Mall? No!

Okay. Okay. Now I know for a fact that Marines hate cloves. You’ve got to have cloves? Even the cloves!

Those fucking Fobbits!

Alright fine, fuck it, give me a pack of Newports. When first going to war, a bad day was a twenty-four hour shift, no breakfast, lunch, or dinner and three dead.

Towards the end, a bad day was smoking a Newport, instead of Camel or Marb Red.

39 Michael Anthony PX

Papa Says the Moon Pulls the Ocean Back

around the islands, tides make funnels that can swallow boats whole. Briny,

weedy, pewter-colored air slips down a collar. We walk, cold round pebbles

beneath our feet. Wet, unwrinkled sand, a cold silk unfurls with its sea

offerings: pebbles, shells, barnacles, tiny slips of wrack, a month old salted knot.

In the distance, the shadow filigree of feral coastline, wild with war, capes crumble with ruin, air raid alarm ricochet in puzzles of streets. Papa picks me up,

spins me three times. No occupation soldier comes to arrest us. Three hours, fingers numb,

I discover a stranded jellyfish. Papa leans on an encrusted buoy, the moon shown in a thousand polished stones. I wade to my knees, soaking the hem of my dress.

Cupped hands spread, free to the fate of tide, in this morning, we’re surrounded by all the light we cannot see.

40 Shannon Kafka

Why Men Die First

If you put a woman on a pedestal and try to protect her from the rat race you’re a male chauvinist.

If you stay home and do the housework you’re a pansy.

If you work hard and long to bring home the things she likes to have you are not giving her enough time.

If you don’t work enough you’re a good-for-nothing bum.

If she has a boring repetitive job with low pay that is exploitation.

If you have a boring repetitive job with low pay you should get off your lazy behind and find something better.

If you get a promotion ahead of her that is favoritism.

If she gets a job ahead of you it’s equal opportunity.

If you mention how nice she looks it’s sexual harassment.

If you keep quiet it’s male indifference.

If you cry you’re a wimp.

If you don’t you’re insensitive.

If she makes a decision without consulting you she’s liberated.

If you ask her to do something she doesn’t enjoy that’s domination.

If she asks you it’s a favor.

41 Tahsin Mohammad

If you appreciate the female body breasts and the backside you’re a pervert.

If you don’t you’re gay.

If you like woman to shave her legs and keep in shape you’re sexist.

If you don’t you’re unromantic.

If you try to keep you’re self in shape you’re vain.

If you don’t you’re a slob.

If you buy her flowers you’re after something.

If you don’t you’re not thoughtful enough.

If you’re proud of your achievements you’re full of yourself.

If you’re not you’re not ambitious.

If she has a headache she is tired.

If you have a headache you don’t love her anymore.

If you want sex too often you’re an over-sexed animal. If you don’t there must be someone else.

Bottom Line: Men die first because they want to.

42 Tahsin Mohammad

How To Connect With The New Toni

I am sorry to interrupt your regular schedule but this is a Public Service Announcement:

Veterans coming home to a home that doesn’t exist filled with guilt of past lives they left behind enemy lines running in line and following orders from the true enemie’s demented mind scared men and women shaking on the inside

Welcome home to no home and no food no jobs no training

All i can say is please, and thank you Feel like my life is dangling in the wind

The veteran can’t win!

No retirement

Sorry we aren’t hiring!

Standing in line looking for rations Behind counters with signs stating “Veterans Benefits”

Where do i sign Initial here here and here

Sorry you don’t meet the income guidelines!

So, who’s really benefiting?

Welcome home.

So don’t mind me if i sit too long by myself with a daze look over my face I’m trying to retrace the exact moment when things went wrong When my pledge of allegiance meant nothing to those who sit comfortably Don’t mind me as I sit in a corner alone.

I am just trying to calm down voices of brethren i left whose blood spilled seems unappreciated by those whose bellies are filled at night while i contemplate the next supper line, i should stand in or the next free winter coat drive for me and mine

Or maybe why the Department of Human Services doesn’t consider me human enough, so cutting what little resources they serve up shouldn’t be a reason i have horrible thoughts and act up!

Don’t mind me blank face sitting alone in a corner.

43 Toni Topps

If you only knew I’m fighting a war that’s so deep in cognitive responses that make it hard to respond to questions like “Ms. Are you ok?

Did you eat or bathe today?

Talk or form any new friendships? How was your weekend by the way?”

Hell no, I can’t remember eating or bathing shit sleep invades me and new friends Nah the old ones can’t stand me, family make plans without me. Don’t you think I have enough rejection riding me!

So I’m at war just trying to find the old me, and how to connect with the new Toni. You said she would come back, take 2 of these and 1 of that, but i suffer from insomnia and the side effects of those pills are insomnia and suicidal thoughts. So is it my fault or yours for prescribing a double dose of being locked in my head and can’t remember times laying in a bed! See silence isn’t quiet. She is always listening, thoughts always bickering, writing to fight used to be my ticket out of here, but now life’s turned upside down and i can’t tell if i left or returned. So don’t mind me!

Back to your regularly scheduled program

Signed the Veteran whose Home Bound! ©iamtonitopps2017

44 How to Connect with the New Toni Topps

We were sitting on the back porch when the news came on the radio: Saddam’s tanks racing across the desert Into Kuwait.

“That’s it,” she said, rising from her chair, stretching her arms to the sky, lighting a cigarette in that special way she had, balancing it nervously between her long, elegant, and often scolding fingers.

“That’s it,” she said” It’s over. All over”

We were children to her, our common ground was a war that ran like a wound through us and never let us go. We went to it in our teens and twenties as soldiers. She was seventeen when she arrived in Saigon, searching the spirit of a lover.

We grew accustomed to the late night calls, the spectacle of her figure rising in outrage, her voice ringing out over a crowd to call a general or a politician out for their lie.

We felt good if she repeated a phrase we used, wilted when a misplaced word sent us for years into the Siberia of her silence.

She slept rough at friend’s homes and apartments, feeling free to give away everything in sight.

In New York when my wife and I were just leaving, she told us to wait in the car out front.

A few minutes later she reappeared with the doorman, her arms loaded down coats as he carried out the large and expensive enlarger.

She told us not to worry, her friend had too much Cluttering up his life and would never miss these things.

45 Kevin Bowen
Old Masters
for Gloria Emerson

“No one will ever interview me,” she boasted. This woman who interviewed John and Yoko in bed, argued with them, cigarette in hand, about what they might really do if they were serious, like putting their bodies at risk as others did to stop the endless war.

I loved her tale of the sergeants getting high at Bien Hoa, writing commendations for officers who had never left their bunkers. She would go into prisons to talk to veterans, stay up all night, listening to stories from people like you and me and then weeks later call with a piece of advice How many times her voice at the end of a phone demanding a secretary interrupt a meetings so a friend could be called out and told the answer was to put the baby on top of the washing machine to stop its crying.

She was working on her book on Gaza, when our son was born. I think she was happy, though she wouldn’t show it when we told her he would bear her name. She promised to take him to Paris, but never got to live that long. She’d probably hate this poem, tell me to sell it for money for the Vietnamese or Iraqis. “Pity the world, what the greedy have done to it, “she said.

On things like this, she was never wrong.

46 Kevin Bowen

Black Harad Has Fallen

Imagine Harad falling Now think of Jericho. For every Rahab, A Harad is spared. Harad lost its way, Jericho was swayed. In Judges book two, God’s flock obeyed Baal; They loved Astartes.

In Middle Earth, Harad worshipped Sauron. Both cities fell. Was there a Bakhita in Jericho? Can there be a Haradrim Bakhita? From slave to Saint, From Sudan to Italy. From slaves to nuns, Gandalf teach these ones. Be kind like Ferry waters, Be Humble like the Virgin. Love the hater, and live for prayer. Take the husband’s obedience literal; Then a Haradrim may sit on a pedestal.

47 Nyadenya Inyagwa

there’s nothing like 4am to make you feel all alone by yourself with tiny words in the dark remembering the memories you don’t wanna remember remembering moments you are afraid to forget grief and anger mixed and melting into more complex substances a science of silence as you think of all the people you love in pain suffering and spinning searching for answers and sweetness, relief and hope maybe just a feeling of home wishing you had enough hands to hold them all hands to build a net of safety, security and a little bit of sanity once in awhile but your hands feel tied and twisted and broken having betrayed you time and again on a million dirt roads yet you still search for the little dirt road you could walk down to find a loving home full of warmth and rest and light forgiveness and hope laughter would live in the walls the mortar that held the heavy bricks together and sometimes yes, we could cry there but we would not drown friends around us would pull us to the shore remind us of sunsets and bike rides and babies we’d fill our bellies with friendship and food grown by our own hands digging our dirty fingers into the ground teaching these old hands to nurture new tricks we never believed in now proving fruitful

48 Lovella Calica
4am Poem

Quite frankly, I don’t owe you. Not a smile for your leer, a wave for your creepy wink, nor a giggle after your bad joke.

You say “what’s wrong with women these days, so angry?! I can’t pay you a compliment or even hold the door?”

No, Sir. Do beg your pardon. All the men before you should instead receive your scorn.

49 Erin Leach-Ogden
Pardon Me

Today my ears listened to no less than five languages, all human.

Today my eyes recorded images of a thousand colors and styles, all human.

Today my voice spoke greetings of kindness to other passing faces, and smiles returned to me, so human.

Because of today, I am that much more human and none-the-less me.

50 Erin Leach-Ogden
Because Of

cricketsong brown as soldiers’ shirts we sound dusky roughskinned nomoon canvas smell boots on exhausted they sleep as they fall begrimed sunsalted let me tell you firstwatch how notcity dark on dark not frightened not exactly but wary how patrol unseeing the quickened ears comfort of rifle from the brush a voice You ladies can really snore drill sergeant whispers as if equals and I not even an I ordered silent ordered lookaway which I do as if the trees held secrets the grisaille of darkness he panthers into tents feels for rifles unsecured me their sentry but fighting sleep they knew how a man might prowl how a woman failing that I was no protection at all

This poem appears in Battle Dress: Poems. W. W. Norton. 2019.

The Sentry Responds

51 Karen Skolfield

No face, no heart, your body has no skin. No birds to watch. One carries you away in its beak across the hot tarmac, now reinvent yourself, dumb as fossil stone.

Tracer rounds ricochet off the Quonset hut. No face. The monkey drags off your shadow. No heart. You have to decide which boys to let die. The Med-Evac is going down. You have not yet learned how to do after war…

Whose wounds? What triage? What boy-soldier can wait?

You get through each day one sock at a time, smoke six cigarettes in two minutes.

You check out the book of names. Alive or dead, you try to save them all.

52 Preston H. Hood
Alive or Dead
53 Combat Paper

“There is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry,” Plato wrote. Poets helped to convict Socrates of corrupting the youth. Poetry is an eccentric cousin to rhetoric, and it’s a powerful tool in politics.

Our oldest myths and legends use poetry to convey deep truths about life and the development of society. The story of the snake in the Garden of Eden is one old example. Snakes have been at the heart of our civic discourse for millenia.

The goal for this writing prompt is to explore deeper ethical or civic issue while describing something we fear and or revere.

Al Wilson’s “The Snake,” for example offers a cautionary tale against trusting empathy over reason.

Another poem about snakes that expresses similar apprehension, in a different form and taking a different tact is D.H. Lawrence’s “Snake.”

Both of these poems are easy to find online. Read them for inspiration.

Now free write about a snake (or really any animal or object) as a metaphor to illustrate an ethical issue or to convey a moral.

Snake Poem
Illustration by Mike Torrado

While hefting a hay bale: down one grassy side, I saw your O.D. ribbon glide. Your eyes met mine. You froze to stare, with forked tongue to taste the air — then into a old tire did slide.

Now look, in the barn you should have no fear — you always should feel welcome here. Dine on worms, and frogs, and bugs, and baby rats and errant slugs. But our house? Don’t come near.

While I bear no great malice toward you, you’re quite the fiend, in Bridget’s view. With a shovel, hoe, or garden rake she’ll try her very best to make one barn snake into two.

So, for your sake I’ll forget I saw your cozy home inside my straw. Sleep through Vermont’s long winter cold — just do it here, don’t get bold — and you’ll live to see the thaw.

55 Adam L. Overbay
Admonishment to a Barn Snake

Lisa, Herself

Drama Screenplay Excerpt

LOGLINE: A privileged young woman leaves the constraints of her unfulfilled life to join the Army where she’s a fish out of water but finds her true self and her soulmate on the battlefield.


Radio erupts.

SOLDIER 2 (V.O. panicked over radio) - Alpha six, this is Alpha-two. We’ve been hit! We’ve got wounded!

As the light fades, enemy snipers creep into position on the hillsides of the road. Bursts of M76 rifle fire kick up the dirt. TAK-A! TAK-A! TAK!

Liza motions to stay down to Erin and Ben as she raises her M4.


SEVERAL HOURS LATER the convoy lumbers along the dirt road. Gears GRIND, engines HUM. Dust plumes. Now sunglasses replace NODs. Waves of heat shimmer.


Liza drives Brad and the media. Their dirt-etched faces struggle to stay awake. Brad stares off into the distance.

Radio chatter...

SOLDIER 1 (V.O. over radio) - This is Alpha-one to Alpha-six. Copy?

RICH (V.O. over radio) - Copy Alpha-one.

SOLDIER 1 (V.O. over radio) - What’s our ETA?

RICH (V.O. over radio) - Two hours.


Soldiers 1 and 2 sit in front. Matt and Rex sit in the rear. Rex suddenly stands up and sniffs the outside air. In one swift motion, Matt pulls his 9mm from his thigh holster and trains it out the window. To Rex.

MATT - What’s up, buddy?


As the convoy rounds a bend with hills on either side, a low WHISTLING. Then, BOOM! White light fills the air, as an RPG explodes on Humvee 1, disabling it. All vehicles halt.

RICH (V.O. over radio) - ALL UNITS RETURN FIRE! Form two protective flanks! How many casualties, Alpha-two?

SOLDIER 2 (V.O. over radio static) - Two I think.


Smoke and debris swirl as Hummers swing into protective position around the damaged truck. PAM! PAM! PAM! A76 bullets ricochet off vehicles. STATIC comes through the radio. SAW machine-gunners shoot their way out of Humvees 2 and 8. CHUMA! CHUMA! CHUME! Sparks of enemy fire light up the hills. TAT! TAT! TAT!


Brad has already shouldered his medic bag and M16. He exits, shouting to Liza...

BRAD: I’m going to Hummer one. A beat.

LIZA - I’m going with you. She turns to Erin and Ben.

LIZA (CONT’D) - Stay here until the all-clear. She grabs her M4 and smoke grenades. Brad motions to her to stay...

BRAD - You’re not a medic.

LIZA - I’ll cover you.

PAM! PAM! PAM! Angry bullets rain down on their Hummer. MOMENTS LATER Brad climbs out and crawls under the Hummer. Liza follows.


56 Joan Kelley

RICH (V.O. over radio) - AIRCOM, this is Alphasix. Heavy attack. Twenty klicks north of AJ. Request IMMEDIATE air support and Medevac. Repeat: IMMEDIATE. Radio silence, then.

RICH (V.O. over radio) - DO-YOU-READ-ME, AIRCOM?

AIRCOM (V.O. over radio) - Alpha-six, closest air is one hour out. Can you hold position?

RICH (V.O. over radio) - Only one medic. Request aid soonest. Out.

An insurgent with an RPG creeps downhill toward the left flank. POP! POP! Rich takes him out. Brad and Liza disappear under the vehicles and crawl to the damaged Humvee. ZWING! ZWING! Stray bullets rip by them RICOCHETING off the Hummers. Then, WHOOSH! An enemy flare lights up the sky and exposes them.


He pauses for a second.

LIZA - Keep moving!

Bullets hail down on them... PAM! PAM! PAM!... as they crawl, pausing momentarily to return fire. Suddenly, a loud THWACK! Liza stops, grabs her calf, looks in disbelief at her bloody hand.

LIZA (CONT’D) - I’m hit!

Liza’s dazed. Brad turns to help her.

LIZA (CONT’D) (breathing hard) - You go! I’ll cover....

Brad, fixed on her hand.

RICH (V.O. over radio) - Get those God-dammed helicopters in here NOW!

A beat.

RICH (V.O. over radio) - I don’t care what the FUCK you have to divert. I have severely wounded!

He SLAMS the radio down and directs troops while continuing the counter-assault.


Brad finds SOLDIER 1 unconscious, broken leg bone protruding through his skin. He stabs soldier’s thigh with morphine, tourniquets and splints his leg. SOLDIER 2 has severe head wounds and a bloody socket where his eye was. Brad injects him. Liza pulls herself into the Humvee and staunches the soldier’s head wound. Brad notices her bandaged but still bleeding calf.

BRAD (still working) - Let me take care of that.

LIZA - No, not until we get these guys out.

BRAD - We’ll get them out!

Brad exits the Hummer carefully pulling the soldier with the broken leg with him. Instantly, the sniper fire intensifies and THWACK! A bullet tears into Brad’s chest. He chokes up blood and crumbles to the ground. Liza looks wide-eyed at the oozing red hole.

LIZA (screaming) - BRAD! Oh God!

She looks around, panicking.

LIZA (CONT’D desperately) - HELP! Someone help me!

In the din, no one responds. She looks at Brad’s life seeping away, hears his ragged breath. Steely determination overtakes her panic. BRRWHT! BRRWHT! BRRWHT! She fires into the direction of heaviest enemy shooting. Swiftly she lobs grenades until she’s surrounded in smoke. She grabs Brad’s collar, places her palm over his wound.

LIZA - Brad, please don’t die!

As hot orange bullets pierce the night, she looks around. She sees a soldier flinch and fall. She notices a sand pit a few yards off. Enemy fire starts to quell. Teeth gritted, she drags Brad with every ounce of her 125 pounds. In the pit she stuffs his wound with gauze, covers his chest with her body. She speaks into his ear.

LIZA (CONT’D) - Avery and Sloane are waiting for you... they need you Brad. Hang on.

57 Joan Kelley

Bullets SLAM into the dirt around them. Brad’s mouth gapes but, unable to speak, he blinks.

MOMENTS LATER, WHOMP, WHOMP, WHOMP. There’s a distant sound of helicopters growing louder. Then, TAT-TAT-TAT! as Apaches appear over the hills. Their gunfire lights up the sky. Some enemy drop, others flee.

LIZA (CONT’D soothingly) - Help is here. Not much longer.

Brad’s breath is raspy. His chest barely rises and his eyes are closed. He struggles to speak into her ear.

BRAD - Tell them...

She strokes his brow. Her eyes fill, but she holds it together.

LIZA - Take your time.

BRAD - I love. them.


The enemy fire’s suppressed and two Blackhawks land. Medics leap out and run to the wounded as the rotors continue turning. WHOMP, WHOMP, WHOMP.


Jack jumps out of one helo and helps get the wounded onto stretchers. When he sees Liza’s bloodied face carried out on a stretcher, his face changes. She notices him. Liza manages a weak smile as he helps lift her into a Blackhawk. She blacks out and his face darkens. MOMENTS LATER Jack watches as Liza’s Medevac lifts off into the blackness. On the ground two in body bags await their turn.


MALE MEDIC and FEMALE MEDIC quickly hook Liza up to blood transfusion and monitors.

MALE MEDIC (working) - I don’t think she’s going to make it.

Female Medic assesses the leg again.

FEMALE MEDIC - She’s lost a lot of blood.

58 Joan Kelley

“I traded a pilot helmet for hand plane, following my passion for craft after a ten-year career as an officer and Blackhawk Helicopter Maintenance Test Pilot in the U.S. Army. I served in Iraq and have been stationed all over the world, including Germany, Alaska, and Egypt. While seemingly two different areas of expertise, my career in the Army unexpectedly prepared me to design and build. The discipline necessary to command soldiers and to test broken helicopters has translated into an astute attention to detail and an unwavering work ethic.”

59 Alicia Dietz

This article is based on a transcription of episode six of the Eighty One Echo Podcast by Kevin Basl and Aaron Hughes.

Recorded during the 10th anniversary celebration of Combat Paper in July, 2017 at Revival Paper and Book Art Studio in Trumansburg, New York. listen to the full episode at


Cutting up uniforms can seem almost sacrilegious. For soldiers who take pride in their appearance and care for their equipment, a uniform is a key device for communication. The quality of your uniform can say a lot about your pride and experience. It can say whether you’ve deployed, show your years in service, and your duties determine your uniform of the day.

61 Drew Cameron
62 Combat Paper

1. Pulp Uniforms: Veterans bring old uniforms, or use those donated by other people for the process, and cut them into small pieces. The pieces are then placed into the “Oracle Beater” where they get pulped.

2. Screen the Fibers: Using large wooden framed screens, participants collect the pulped fibers from their uniforms as they settle in a trough of water.

3. Dry the Paper: After evening out the pulp so it’s a uniform thickness, the screens get placed in the sun to dry.

4. Workshop Memories: While the paper dries, the Warrior Writers portion of the program begins. Participants read works by other veterans and look at art for inspiration, then outline their own short works and art concepts to later transpose onto their fresh Combat Paper.

5. Make War Art: Once dry, the paper retains the color of the uniforms used to make it. Thick and gritty, it is best suited to raw creative expressions with traditional art materials: pastels, pigments, charcoal, etc.


The Oracle Beater was built by paper maker Lee McDonald specifically for Combat Paper. It’s a portable Hollander Beater, a machine that masticates fibers into pulp. “The notion that the Oracle as it’s called, the Hollander Beater was designed with the notion that it could be pedal powered. It could be used out in the woods, on the Black Hawk trail making paper or be light enough to be sent to India or Europe to make paper.”

- Robert Pusao, advisor for Combat Paper

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Combat Paper formalized its operation with Frontline Arts. Looking back on more than ten years of programming, a few of the people who participated from the beginning are wondering what, if anything, is next. The energy of the idea has yet to die, and the only question now is how to direct it.

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Because of its intrinsic commnicative properties, some people participating in Combat Paper workshops may be repulsed by the concept at first.

“I want to say that cutting into the uniform, it was tough because all I could see was we were doing something wrong,” said A.V. a participant from Washington D.C. who discovered Combat Paper through the U.S.O. “All I knew was to wake up every day and put that uniform on, but when I started the process of cutting the uniform I was more sad that

this is what needed to happen. I ended up leaving a couple of times. I couldn’t sit there and watch everybody destroy these uniforms.”

With time, the process conveys a sense of reverence. Since the other option is a trash heap, disposing of garments this way keeps some memories alive. It’s transformative. Creating something new out of old material inspires deep and compelling reflections.

About 100 people attended Combat Paper’s 10th anniversary celebration and art making workshop. There Everett Cox, a Vietnam Veteran, brought his old uniforms and made paper for the first time.

“I’m trying to figure out what part of that military and Vietnam experience to let go of and what to hold onto,” said Cox. “Turning those clothes into paper is part of that. I’m not clear on what I’m holding onto and what I’m letting go of because it shaped my life and continues to shape my life and that I don’t think is going to go away.”

There are now four studios across the U.S. housing Combat Paper operations: Upstate New York, San Francisco, Reno Nevada, and New Jersey. But the heart and soul of combat paper is about taking the workshop on the road and teaching others the craft.

From 2012 to the present, Combat Paper New Jersey and Warrior Writers have traveled to Washington D.C. to facilitate workshops for active duty service members at the USOs, at Fort Belvoir, and Walter Reed. Veteran artist, poet and facilitator in D.C. Jeremy Bergeron has been an integral part of this

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“I was a laborer, so I just ground them up with work. When I got out of the service, I decided that I would wear everything out. I had my jungle combat boots, my jungle fatigues, and some mix of clothing from having been previously stationed in Germany. When I was finished wearing things out, I had two things left, a summer weight jacket, dress jacket, class A, and a winter weight. When I became more interested in Combat Paper, I learned that those dress jackets are harder to make into paper because of the material, the polyester, wool, and so nobody was very eager to do that, to spend the time to do that, and I just kept them.”
- Everett Cox, Vietnam Veteran
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outreach. He says that reactions to the process can be visceral.

“Specifically with cutting rag, we’ve been places where you can tell there’s discomfort,” Bergeron said. “I’m not even that upset if they walk out, because I feel like we’ve planted a seed of liberation that the government is not sowing in their hearts. So even if what we’re doing seems offensive, I would rather them get mad at that and have that inserted into their consciousness.”

Many early Combat Paper participants, including co-founder Drew Camron, where part of IVAW, Iraq Veterans Against the War.

“It’s very open. It’s very deliberate,” Camron said. “It’s sort of like jumping into a time warp where every opportunity you have where you kind of turn in your shoulder is another chance to be completely wowed out by somebody in their journey and their adventures. Whenever you get people coming together with that type of potential, it’s really the most exciting thing I can think of and for me it’s where I get so much inspiration because inevitably stories come out.”

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“Workshops that I’ve facilitated helped me understand a lot about not only my own experience in the Army in the Iraq War, but also about compassion, listening, and how to identify and foster shared experiences with others regardless of political views, rank or the many forces that work to fracture our communities.” - Kevin Basl, co-creator of Eighty One Echo
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Nathan Lewis, one of the founders of Revival Studio, and the host of the celebration, got into Combat Paper in 2007 at the Different Drummer Cafe up in Watertown, New York. That’s by Fort Drum.

“We were doing an event where there was bands and speakers and pizza and we were inviting GIs, soldiers from the base out to come to this concert and free pizza and hang out, and some folks came down from Vermont. That’s how I met Drew Cameron. We’re both members of Iraq Veterans Against the War, and just started recently speaking out and getting involved after having spent a few years in college after getting out of the Army, getting back from Iraq.”

Drew Cameron and Nathan Lewis both served in the artillery, 13 Mike, at the same base. They went to Iraq at the same time.

“I even saw his red 1973 super beetle driving around post, never knew it was him, probably stood behind him in the line at chow a bunch of times or ran past him in morning PT or possibly at Dragons West. Who knows, but I’m sure I crossed paths with Drew a whole bunch,” Lewis said.

Dragons West is a bar, probably on the off limits list, just outside Fort Sill Oklahoma. Warrior Writers also started in 2007 within the IVAW community as a sister organization to Combat Paper.

Combat Paper instructor Eli Wright met Drew Cameron and Drew Mattot in 2007 at their ratty little studio in the basement of an old broom factory. The Green Door Studio was Drew’s home base in Burlington Vermont.

“We saw the initial couple of pieces that he had made, and was like, ‘What do you call this thing?’ ‘I don’t know, it’s called Combat Paper or something,’” Write said. “This project grew out of the community of IVAW veterans that was how I discovered it and then gravitated more heavily toward the art ... it was a perfect formula … bringing together of the veteran and civilian communities and meeting in the middle in that creative space.”

Drew Mattot used Combat Paper as his thesis project at Columbia College, working with Drew Cameron. Mattot now runs the Peace Paper Project. He travels the

There’s endless human story and experience from all of the wars that we’ve been fighting for all of the generations of people who have lived in this country and all of their children and their spouses, and friends, family, colleagues, coworkers, and otherwise. It’s the kind of thing that if I can distill it down without hyperbole or cliche, I’d say there’s not one tiny little town in this country that’s not touched by it. You can’t go anywhere and not find a military connection. So if there’s anything conclusive in traveling around the country making paper, I’d say very much that we are all veterans.” - Drew Cameron, creator of Combat Paper

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world, teaching the art of papermaking.

Paper maker and artist Robert Pusao played an advisory role for Combat Paper over the years. Robert’s Black Hawk paper trail project creates paper from harvested plant fibers gathered on the Black Hawk Trail, which runs through Illinois, Wisconsin and Iowa. He has been teaching art, traveling and doing residencies since 1988. He is not a veteran, but he provided a lot of support and advice to the program.

“I’ve been teching art, traveling around doing residencies since 1988, so I had a lot of advice. Ultimately Combat Paper, it could be anybody that’s participating. I’m not a vet. I can participate, and have for 10 years,” Robert said. “The idea has continued in maybe incredible ways … I do a visual narratives class, where we have strands that are about social/ political, personal/emotional, and place/environment. Those are our three strands, and Combat Paper fits into that as a way of showing students how paper is just one component of this larger activity of art

making, and the idea that you can do this on the street.”

There’s no shortage of military uniforms for paper making. They arrive in large boxes at Combat Paper workshops and studios. Veterans dig them out of attics, out of musty duffel bags, excited by the notion of turning them into something new, creating art.

“At ten years, many of us are asking, what’s next for Combat Paper?” Kevin Basl said in the conclusion to the first season of his Eighty One Echo podcast. “How can we make better, more effective artwork, where can we make the most impact in a rapidly changing confusing political climate?”

Combat Paper

“I wanted to share the writing that I was doing because it was related to just dealing with trauma, my own trauma from childhood sexual abuse and a lot of my writing had been, was, and still is about healing from that and moving forward,” Lovella Calica explained why she started Warrior Writers on the Eighty One Echo podcast.

“Our first workshops were outside of Green Door Studio, which is where the project began was in Upstate New York, up in Saint Lawrence University. Essentially uninterrupted since that time, on Veterans Day, Armistice since 2007, we’ve been traveling around, trying to make workshops more and more of interest to people in various ways and capacities in which our hosts are able to find them.” - Drew Cameron, creator of Combat Paper

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Aaron Hughes
82 Written by Caleb Nelson
83 Illustrated by Evan Gildersleeve
84 Written by Caleb Nelson
85 Illustrated by Evan Gildersleeve
86 Written by Caleb Nelson
87 Illustrated by Evan Gildersleeve
88 Written by Caleb Nelson
89 Illustrated by Evan Gildersleeve

“Artillery” Large-caliber guns--e.g. mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers--used in land warfare (or the military detachment that uses such guns).

“Barracks” Living quarters for military personnel.

“Battalion” A large military unit, typically between 300-800 service members, though numbers vary by branch and context.

“Bien Hoa” A town that during the Vietnam War era grew into a major suburb of Saigon/Ho Chi Minh City.

“Brigade” An Army brigade, or “brigade combat team,” has roughly 3500 soldiers assigned. A brigade is the unit by which the Army counts its force levels.

“button masher” A slang term referring to video gamers who press multiple buttons in succession to perform special moves, or who unskillfully mash buttons while playing a game.

“collateral damage” Death, injury, or damage inflicted on someone or something other than the intended target, as a result of military operations.

“Delta 1-7 First Cavalry” Delta 1-7 First Cavalry is short for Delta Company, 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, First Cavalry Division. In the Vietnam era, a “company” consisted of roughly 600 men, and a “battalion” of five companies. A “cavalry” is a regiment made up of three to five battalions. A “cavalry division” consisted of 10,000-15,000 men in separate units (infantry, supply, logistics, medical, intelligence, administrative, etc.).

“DoD” Acronym for “Department of Defense,” the executive branch of the federal government supervising all agencies concerned with national security and the armed forces.

“double tap strike” The phrase “double tap” originated to describe a shooting technique where two shots are fired in rapid succession at the same target, killing more effectively when first rounds fail to cause sufficient damage. More recently, it has been used to describe the practice of following up a strike (missile, air strike, etc.) with a second strike several minutes later, hitting response teams, medics, and anyone else rushing to the site. Increasingly common in modern warfare, double tap strikes obviously provoke anguish, terror, and profound ethical questions.

90 Janet McIntosh

“Drill Sergeant” A drill sergeant is responsible for transforming army recruits from civilians to combatready soldiers through Basic Combat Training.

“Eighty One Echo” The name of a podcast run by __. The name is a play on Army Military Occupation Specialty 81E, soldiers who “illustrate, draft, and lay out illustrations for posters, graphs, charts, tests, and training aids”

“Eye in the Sky” A term given to surveillance technology, particularly (in the military context) drones.

“eVAM” Stands for “emerging veteran art movement.”

“GI” A soldier in the United States Army. The nickname may have started because in the early part of the twentieth century, the initialism for Government Issued (G.I.) was stamped onto military buckets and other products. During WWII some soldiers began sardonically referring to themselves as GIs, signifying their belief that they were mass produced by the government.

“Graph” American shortening of Grafenwoehr, Germany, location of a United States Army training base.

“Hellfire missiles” Hellfire missiles have precision strike ability, most being laser-guided. With a mass of approximately 100 pounds, they are the primary air-to-ground precision weapon for the United States’ armed forces, as well as those of many other nations.

“Infantry” Soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot.

“Med-Evac” In Vietnam, a Medevac was a helicopter ambulance, a crucial form of support for combat in the jungle or otherwise inaccessible terrain. The Medevac provided medical care to the wounded en route to a ground hospital, often picking up casualties under small arms and mortar fire.

“MOLLE gear” MOLLE gear (pronounced “Molly”) stands for “modular, lightweight load-carrying equipment.” Invented by the US Army, it consists of a strong nylon webbing system designed to allow the user to attach tools and equipment to packs, pouches, load-bearing vests and other gear.

“Morning accountability formation” A morning activity when soldiers line up at attention to be counted and inspected, and to receive orders and outlines for the day. It allows those in the chain of command to know where and how their soldiers are.

“MOS” Stands for “Military Occupational Specialty,” or a specific job within the military.

“Operation Iraqi Freedom” This phrase refers to what is often known as the “Iraq War” (sometimes called the “Second Iraq War”) begun in 2003 with a United-States led coalition invading Iraq to overthrow the government of Saddam Hussein. The multifaceted conflict took the lives of roughly 4,000 US troops and hundreds of thousands of Iraqis. It also led to sectarian violence, the internal displacement of more than two million people, and other humanitarian catastrophes. US troops withdrew from Iraq in late 2011.

“Paracord” Short for “parachute cord,” a kind of nylon rope used in many military contexts.

“pattern of life intelligence” A specialized mode of information gathering and analysis that focuses on the behaviors and movements of a “target” over time, ideally offering some predictive value for their future movements. Drone surveillance, in conjunction with surveillance from other sources, has proven vital to US military pattern of life analysis.

“Quonset hut” Lightweight structure, made of corrugated metal, with a semicircular cross section. Used as barracks, storage sheds, hospital buildings, and the like by the US military.

“ROE” The “Rules of Engagement,” are the directives issued by military authorities establishing the circumstances and limitations under which service members may apply the use of force or actions that might be construed as provocative.

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“Saigon” Saigon was the name of the capital of South Vietnam until it was taken by the People’s Army of Vietnam in 1975 and renamed Ho Chi Minh City. At the peak of the Vietnam War, thousands of American troops were stationed in and around Saigon.

“Sergeant” A noncommissioned officer (in other words, an officer who earned their rank through the enlisted forces). In the US Army or Marine Corps, a sergeant ranks above corporal and below staff sergeant, or (in the US Air Force) above airman and below staff sergeant.

“Silver star” A U.S. military decoration, the third highest for valor in combat.

“Squad leader” A “platoon” (usually between 16-44 people) is divided into several “squads” (typically three or four), each of which has a designated leader.

“1SG” Refers to first sergeant.

“Tracer rounds” Tracer ammunition, or “tracers,” are bullets or cannon caliber projectiles built with a small pyrotechnic charge in their base that allow the flight of the projectile to be observed by a trail of smoke, allowing the shooter to see where the bullets are going. (They also point out where bullets are coming from.) In the Vietnam conflict, both sides used tracer bullets.

“(UAV) Unauthorized American Vengeance” Though it sounds like an American military initialism, this is a neologism coined by the author.

“U-boat” A German submarine, particularly in the First and Second World Wars.

“uniform code” The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is a federally established code of military law that applies to all military members worldwide. It establishes what counts as a criminal offense under military law, and specifies how the military justice system operates. Military law is not constrained by the same rights that civilians are able to claim under the Constitution, and punishments for crimes under UCMJ are typically harsher than in civilian law.

“US Army Reserves” Unlike “active duty” members of the army, who are in the military full time, those in the army reserves combine a military role or career with a civilian one. Their role is to be available to fight if the military requires additional personnel. They can be deployed at any time.

Janet McIntosh

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