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Volume 8, Number 3

November 1989

Administration Defends Anti-Crime Efforts by Adam DeVore A 1988 USA Today study of22 large

universities ranked. the Univt!rsity of Michigan second for total number of violent crimes. It also rated the U- M the third most dangerous school in terms of the number of violent crimes per 1,000 college students and staff members. Despite these and other findings, the U-M has come out in defense of its efforts to reduce crime. In 1988, there were 164 physical assaults reported. to the U- M Department of Public Safety and Security, while the Sexual Assault Prevention and Awareness Center (SAPAC) recejved 85 reports of sexual assault. In addition to violent crimes, there were 2,288 thefts reported in 1988, according to Sgt. Vernon Baisden of the Department of Public Safety and Security. The combined value of persona) and U-M property stolen last year amounted to $1,041,500. As of mid-October, losses for the 1989 calendar year amounted to $768,661. A variety of other crimes were re-

ported to the Department of Public Safety and Security last year. There

were 758 incidents of vandalism, 150 cases of verbal harassment, 385 fires,

Joel Allan, Housing security

Sgt Baisden, campus security

induding 44 that were attributed. to arson, 66 motor vehicle thefts, 56 bicycle thefts, and 12 sexual assaults. ~ The actual figures are probably ยง much higher, since many crimes go ~ unreported. "My watch was stolen, ~ but teJJjng security will notgetit back," ~ said one LSA junior, who wished to ~ remain anonymous. "There is nothing ~ security can do about it now." ~. "About a month ago, when no one was around, some repajrmen entered my room to fix the curtains. After finishing, they left the door unlocked," said Joe Ninke, an LSA sophomore. "Security should make sure this type of thing does not happen. Fven if something had been stolen, what good would telling security do now?" Even SAPAC's sexual assault statistics are probably too low. The FBI estimates that only 10 percent of all sexual assaults are reported, and inde. pendent studies have found the num-

See page 7

It's Easy to be a Thief

Inside

by Adam DeVore

In order to discover what kind of threat crime poses to students living in residence halls, r recently spent several mornings between midnight and 3:00 a.m. conducting a survey of dorm secU1ity. I discovered that prospective criminals can usually gain easy access to dormitories. Outside doors are often propped open and sometimes even bro.ken, as is the case with East Quad's main entrance on Church Street.Ground-level

windows to both lounges and individual rooms are frequently left open when no one is in the room. Every night I checked, there were potential routes of entry into East Quad, West Quad, Mary Markley, Stockwell, and Mosher- Jordan. On several occasions when Jcould see that a room was vacant, I would wait {or severai minutes outside the open window without ever seeing anyone enter the room. According to Joel Allan, manager

of Housing Division Security Services at the University of Michigan, many students do not view their rooms the same way they view their homes. "Students tend to be lackadaisical about locking outside doors and windows, and they are prone to leave their doors unlocked and walk down the hall to the washroom or visit a friend who lives nearby," said Allan.

Seepage 7

Editorial: A New Breeze is Blowing

4

'B 0 ' in review

11

Big Ten Picks

12


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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 2

Serpent's Tooth tion next year by at least 6.5 percent. How else will they afford to give the Dude another raise?

First they took away our umbrellas. Next they took away our beer. Now they've taken away our beloved marshmellows. How does the Athletic Department expect us to enjoy football games? We know, we know: Marshmellows are only fun until someone gets hurt.

"We anxiously awqit the day when The Michigan Daily, the Ann Arbor News, Michigan Today, The Michigan Review, Consider and all University publications and communications bear the words 'Printed on recycled paper,''' said a recent Daily editorial. We at the Review couldn't agree more, but we absolutely refuse to drop our practice of using California condor blood in order to give our covers that distinctive!blue coloring.

The Review's "It's Simple to Censor" award goes to the U-M Board of Regents, which voted 5-2 to stop printing verbatim remarks made at the board's monthly meetings. But kudos to Regents Deane Baker and Veronica Latta Smith for voting against censorship.

Two months ago, we reported that the administration was spending $500,000 to refurbish Ingalls Mall, th~ area that extends between the Michigan League and Hill Auditorium. Now, look what we got: concrete, concrete, wood chips, concrete, bushes, and concrete. Who could have imagined what a breathtakingly beautiful job they would do!

MSA President Aaron Williams tried to place a proposal on the November election ballot to remove the Peace and Justice Commission from MSA's constitution and thereby take away its guaranteed funding. He failed, however, to collect enough signatures before the deadline. Perhaps he should have spent less time modeling for the Daily's recent weekend fashion issu('.

Do you want to know where this year's hefty tuition increase is going? Part of it is going to President James Duderstadt, who is getting a 5.5 percent raise to bring his salary up to $162,839. Golly, with that kind of money, one could almost afford to send a son or daughter to the U-M.

The administration indicated last month that it will probably raise tui-

The Campus Affairs Journal of the University of Michigan Editor-in-Chief Marc Selinger

The Yogi Berra quote of the month goes to Peter Steiner. While still dean of LSA, Steiner told LSA Magazinehow he planned to handle the remaining months of his deanship: "I intend to continue being dean until the day I stop."

Publisher Matthew Lund

Executive Editor Mark Molesky

Campus Affairs Editors John J. Miller Peter Miskech

''Michigan is not a 'DI'-versity-it is a 'UNI'-versity," reads a letter that President Duderstadt recently sent to all U-M students. Thanks for pointing that out, Jim. However, we at the Review estimate that it would simply be too expensive to change all the uni\'l'rsity mastheads and logos.

Production Managers Karen Brinkman Brian Jendryka

Personnel Manager Vincc Wlil-.

Editor Emeritus Seth Klukoff Last year we were all set to play football with the folks at the Daily, but they never showed up. This year we offered to play them again. But after learning that the average weight of the Review editorial staff was 274 pounds, they conveniently refused to return our calls.

Don Blome, defending his role as a

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participant in the MSA-funded trip to the West Bank, wrote last month in the Daily, "Regrettably, neither the Daily nor the Review attempted to contact me regarding their stories." We cannot speak for the Daily, but the Review article Mr. Blome is referring to said, "Blome could not be reached ... " Regrettably, he did not attempt to contact us regarding our story.

THE MICHIGAN REVIEW

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Luis Vazquez, a participant in the MSA-funded trip to EI Salvador, wrote in the Daily that if students are still dissatisfied that their money went to fund the trip, "I will gladly refund that portion allotted to me by each student out of MSA's funds. Since I received $1,000 from MSA to fund my trip ... each University student should . receive approximately three cents." You'd better break open your piggy bank, Luis.

Hypocrisy of the month: LaGROC used to say that gay men and lesbians represented about 10 percent of the campus community, just as they do in the rest of society, and therefore deserved to have their voice heard. But last month, LaG ROC demanded, among other things, that the administration include "sexual orientation" in the Michigan Mandate, implying that gays and lesbians are underrepresented at the U-Mand must be actively recruited.

In light of recent letters in the Daily saying Glenn Kotcher isn't a major campus figure, we've one thing to say to him: We couldn't have possibly fille9..tNs.spa~e withQl!-t yout buddy.

Staff Jeff Alpcmin, Dan Bandus, Rahul Banta, Lari Barager, Jim Borninski, Mark Brodson, Scott Brower, Bryan Case, Karen Chapel, Lynne Cohn, Adam DeVore, Brian Gambs, Clifton Gault, Melissa Gessner, Peter ' Harbage, Jeff Hartgen, Phil Johnston, Mark Kalinowski, Nadeem Khan, Sara Kingston, Joseph Klein, Peter Kogan, Matt Latimer, Brian Meadors, Ajay Mehrotra, Michael Murray, Latha Palaniappan, Lisa Perczak, Dan Rice, Eric Riedel, Nate Smith, Chris Terry, John Transue, ChauYeWu The Michigan Review is an independent, non-profit, student-run journal at the University of Michigan. We are not affiliated with any political party. We welcome letters and articles and encourage commentsaboutthejoumal and issues discussed in it. Our address is: Suite One 911 North University Ann Arbor, Mich. 48109 (313) 662-1909 Copyright. 1989 . " , . â&#x20AC;˘ '.


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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 3

Roving Photographer Question: The U-M will probably raise tuition next year by at least 6.5 percent, adding to similar increases made in the last four years. What do you think of these tuition hikes?

~~

Judy Gogola, LSA sophomore: "I am upset that the U-M feels the need to increase tuition when I cannot see any benefit coming from these increases."

Bill Evans, first year Law: "I would not be opposed to it if I knew where all the increases were going."

,-------------------------, Yes! I want to support the Michigan Review! I I I I I I I I I I am enclosing: I I _$100 _$50 _$25 $15 I I _$1,000 _Other _$500 $250 I I , l Mak~ checks payable to liThe Michigan Review" I I Send to: I The Michigan Review, Suite One, 911 North University, Ann t I Arbor, MI 48109

Here's my tax deductible contribution to help sustain the University of Michigan's independent campus affairs journal. I understand that with my contribution of $15 or more, I will receive a one year's subscription to the Review.

Dee Dee Edwards, Education senior: "In general, tuition increases have not affected me at all because I am on financial aid, but I feel for those who are not. I went to Eastern (Michigan University) last year and tuition is not as high there. But they do not have as many facilities, so I can see where the money is put at the U-M."

Nicolette Portis, LSA senior: '1 have not really seen where the money is going. The only new thing I have seen is the new chemistry building, and that was supposed to be (funded) through donations."

This month's roving photographers were Karen Brinkman, a sophomore in English and the School of Art and Brian Jendryka, a sophomore in English and the School of Natural Resources. Brinkman and Jendryka are the production managers of the Review.

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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 4

From Suite One: Editorials

A New Breeze Is Blowing When Conservative Coalition (Cc) candidate Aaron Williams won the presidency in the March election, the Michigan Student Assembly was at a low point. The Assembly had lost the respect of students, the administration, and the Board of Regents. But CC's victory was seen by many as a turning point for MSA. Midway through its term, the Williams administration has indeed succeeded in turning things around somewhat, butitstill hasa ways to go beforeitcan be called a complete success. Williams and his administration have been a breath of fresh air for University of Michigan student government. Williams has not tried to emulate the juvenile antics of his predecessor, Michael Phillips, who is perhaps best remembered for his bad temper and for holding up a sign saying "Duderstadt Is Illegal" at President James Duderstadt's inauguration last year. In addition, the Assembly under Williams' leadership has passed far fewer resolutions condemning foreign governments and taking other such stands that have little relevance to student government. Williams has taken positive steps on other issues, such as MSA-funded foreign trips. As we reported last month, the Palestine Solidarity Committee (PSC), which was the chief organizer of the summer trip to the West Bank, neglected to give MSA a required report on details of the trip. In response, Williams requested a restraining order from the Central Student Judiciary (CS}) to prohibit PSC from getting MSA funds. Although CSJ denied the restraining order, Williams deserves credit for trying to punish PSC for not living up to its responSibilities. Moreover, the CC as a whole achieved a victory when MSA recognized the

Christian Cornerstone Fellowship (CCF) last month. CC had made CCF recognition a part of its campaign platform last March. Despite these successes, Williams and CC have not performed flawlessly. Because he did not get enough signatures in time, Williams was unable to put a proposal on the November election ballot to remove the Peace and Justice Commission from MSA's constitution and thereby deny it automatic funding from MSA. The Williams administration has also not yet initiated any major programs.

Williams deserves credit for trying to punish PSC for not living up to its responsibilities. While sluggishness may be a factor, the main reason for these failures appears to be numbers. CC currently occupies only about one-third of the seats, while people sharply opposed to CC's policies occupy most of the remaining twothirds. CC needs to win more than half the open seats in the Nov. 29-30 election to give it a majority of the seats overall and be able to institute major changes. If it does not, the Williams administration is doomed to be only a partial success.

Administration: 'Let's Form a Committee' It has become something of a truism that whenever members of the U.S. Congress wish to give lip service to a particular problem rather than address it directly, they form a committee. Apparently, this tactic has been learned all too well by the University of Michigan administration. As of late, the administration has found it more convenient to create committees than take the kind of bold action that is needed.

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In the past year or so, at least nine committees have been formed to address an array of issues. They are: the President's Advisory Commission on Women's Issues, the Cost of Higher Education Task Force, the LSA committee on the "undergraduate experience," the Task Force on Minority Recruitment and Retention, the Task Force on Campus Safety and Security, an advisory committee on the new anti-discrimination policy, the Task Force on Alcohol and Other Drugs and the Senate Assembly's Committee on University Affairs and Committee for a Multicultural University. The issues and problems these committees are supposed to examine deserve serious attention. Questions remain, however, as to why the administration feels it must expand its bureaucracy to address them. For example, why does Edie Goldenberg, the new dean of LSA, need to spend so much valuable time and money brainstorming innovative approaches to the "undergraduate experience?" One would assume that she brings to her position many years of thought and research on the subject, if not highly specific plans of action. And why do we need a task force of faculty to discuss campus security? Is it not the responsibility of the Ann Arbor Police and U-M campus security to deal with this problem? ".~ ' Apparently, the formation of committees serves a very specific political purpose. In the face of those who are pressuring for change, the existence of a committee allows the administration to say that something is being done when in reality it is not. By cleverly refusing to take any action, the administration avoids any negative political fallout that could arise from handling a sensitive issue incorrectly. Such maneuvering ultimately causes the pocketbooks of students and taxpayers to suffer and problem-solving to be placed on the back burner. The administration must therefore begin to rely more on the organization it has in place rather than add to it. Otherwise people will wonder whether Duderstadi's administra'tlori'Hcisfthecvision to lelld'tM U-M successfully iflfo #i€l21sf tenluty:,' . ' . ,',


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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 5,

Review Forum

Exposed: Lies about EI Salvador The opinions' expressed in the Review Forum do not necessarily represent those of the Michigan Review editorial board. Editor's Note: The following article was submitted to the Michigan Daily opinion page as a response to a series of editorials on El Salvador. When printed on Oct. 5, however, it contained several split sentences and juggled paragraphs, making it almost incomprehensible. The a,uthor wrote a letter to the Daily asking that it be reprinted, but the Daily turned down his request, telling him the misprint was ,111 "accident." The following is an edited version of the original article. It 1 ppcarswith tlw written pcrmissinn of the Daill/. by Roberto Javier Frisancho

The recent Michigan Daily unsigned editorial (Daily, Sept. 19) and op-ed pieces by David Austin (Daily, Sept. 13) and Philip Cohen (Daily, Sept. 21) are part of a nationwide campaign by the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador (CISPES) to cut off U.s. aid to the government of El

the Daily is printed on. The most common argument concerns human rights abuses by the Salvadoran government. Surprisingly, the Daily . pieces do not quote Americas Watch. That is because AryehNeier, executive director of Americas Watch, testified on July 13, 1989, before the House Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Affairs that "one of the most important features of the current Salvadoran human rights picture is the increase in abuses by the FMLN. For the first time in our knowledge, the numbers of FMLN \,;olations have outpaced those attributed to uniformed members of the security forces." The FMLN has gotten so out of hand in its killing that on Oct. 25, 1988, in a unprecedented move, Maria Julia Hernandez, the director of Tutela Il'gal (the Catholic Church's human rights office) went on national tdevi"ion to condemn the FM LN ior having its guerrillas murder four peasants in Apopa while identifying themselves as soldiers of the Salvadoran First Infantry Brigade. And as Neier pointed out, "The use of land mines continues to victimize innocent civilians, as in the May 22, 1989, incident in which nine passengers were killed by an FMLN mine

The arguments of the editorial and the op-ed pieces are of a cheaper quality than the paper the Daily is printed on. Salvador. With the goal of a seizure of power by the Marxist-Leninist Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN)guerrllIas, CISPES is trying to portray the FMLN as an organization fighting (or liberation and not one whose main goal is to obtain dictatorial power in El Salvador. CISPES is, in fact, front for the FMLN, which was founded in 1980 by Farid Handal, whose brother, Shafik, is general secretary ofthe Salvadoran Communist Party oHhe f'MLN. One of ClSPES' chapters is the University of ~1ichigan's Latin AmcricanSolidarity Committcc (LASc), to which Austin, Cohen, and many other Daily editorial writers belong. The arguments of the editorial ,111d the op-cd pieces on EI Salvador arc of a cheaper qua1ity t\li;ln the paper. ,-.

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under the bus of El Leon Pintado in the Department of Santa Ana." Along with killing women and children, the FMLN (like the Colombian cocaine cartel) shows no restraint in assassinating political figures, especially mayors. It has warned mayors that if they do not resign, they will face execution. So far, eight mayors have been murdered and 1200utofa total of 262 have resigned. According to the North American Congress on Latin America's NACLA Report on the Americas of September 1989, "the contention that mayors arc legitimate military t,ugets has Ii ttle basis in relevant international law, and thc campaign has been harshly condemned by both Americas Watch and Amnesty InternationaL" " ; ... ~~F, the- FM~l';Jt P9gqtiations ilrC

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This article as it appeared in the Daily. p,ut of a Waf strategy. r\ January 1988 F\1LN document, "Strategic Appraisal," that was captured by the Salvadoran anny shows that the FMLN uses negotiations as a ploy for winning power. The document says that "in dialogue as such we must have as our central objective keeping the enemy tied at the table with a view to his strategic weakening .... Dialogue is one of the forms of conspiratorial struggle and we must maintain it." Guillermo Ungo, presidential candidate for the Democratic Convergence (CD) and president of the Democratic Revolutionary Front (FDR), the FMLN's political wing, which has lately been at odds with the FMLN's military wing, has admitted that the FMLN does not expect its proposals to be accepted. Rather, Ungo said, as

quoted in the Necl' York Times of Feb. 26, 1989, they arc actually meant to "corner and isolate the Armv." After the March 1989 presidential elections, Ungo also disputed the FMLN's view that its election boycott was a success. The FMLN argued that the total of abstentions, voided ballots, and votes for the CD (3.8 percent) showed wide support for the FMLN and proved that ARENA's victory and the process itself were illegitimate. Ungo pointed out that the guerrillas could not "suck from three teats" at the same time, that their violent tactics "could only lead to a strong abstention which no one can claim as his own," ac~ording to the March 30,1989, issue of LAtin American Weekly Report.

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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 6

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Chemistry Building Slimed by Rahul Banta The University of Michigan's new Willard Henry Dow Laboratory came with something the administration did not bargain for: slime. Even before the $46 million chemistry building was dedicated in September, green slime appeared underneath the rain spouts on the south side of the building. As rainwater runs off the spouts, it trickles down the side of the building and leaves residue that allows the slime to form. Although the slime poses no structural threat, it does worsen the appearance of the building. The original drainage plan intended to have rainwater flow to a central collection point, where pipes would then carry the water into the sewer system. But the central collection point and water pipes were to be IDcated in the electric substation that is housed on the south side of the Dow building. According to U-M project engineer George Saline, "The architect had the plans for the building already drawn up before he realized that electrical codes state that no water pipes may be located in an electric substation. The architect's plans then had to be changed." , Don Giroux, the architect of the Dow building, said, "Before any concrete was put down, we knew we had to change our plans." Water spouts

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were installed to make up for this oversight, but they in tum created the slime problem. To remedy this newest problem, the U-M will probably place drainage pipes down the side of the building to carry away the rainwater from the roof. It is hoped that this solution will

prevent the newest building on campus from gaining a stained reputation.

independent committee is composed of

giving aid to EI Salvador. This would benefit the FMLN, which receives assistance from Cuba and Nicaragua. (Villalobos only recently admitted the existence of such support in an interview with Time published in its Oct. 2, 1989, issue.) In polarization, the "active minority" rather than the passive majority, to paraphrase Villalobos, would make history. Thus, it is clear that the FMLN is willing to use any means (in this case, negotiations with the intent of stopping U.s. aid) in order to achieve its ends: complete power.

Rahul Banta is a junior in history and political science and a staff writer for the Review.

EI Salvador Continued from page 5

59 civic organizations called together

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CD leaders have also conceded that, outside guerrilla ranks, the social base of the FMLN is no more than 50,000. This was confirmed in a poll by the Jesuit-run University of Central America. Asked about their opinion of the FMLN, only 6 percent of Salvadorans said "good" or "very good," while 61 percent said they had a "bad" or "very bad" view. The Daily and LASC realize this, which is why they have resorted to twisting the facts. They mention as "evidence of new popular opposition the turnout of 100,000 ... at an Independence Day rally on September 15" in San Salvador. This statement is false on two counts. First, it implies that the march was organized by the FMLN. ActuaJly, it was organized by the Permanent Committee of the National Debate for Peace in EI Salvador. This

by Catholic Archbishop Arturo Rivera y Damas to propose solutions for bringing about peace between the FMLN and the Salvadoran government. And second, as Chris Norton, journalist for the socialist weekly In These Times, wrote in the Sept. 28, 1989, issue of Latinamerica Press, the march was not attended by 100,000 people but rather by 15,000 people. FMLN supporters try to act like they are genuinely concerned that the right-wing Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) won the March 1989 presidential elections. But Joaquin Villalobos, leader of the FMLN, has said on several occasions, ,15 verified inthe March 21,1989, issue of the Washington Post, that the FMLN preferred an ARENA victory because it would repolarize the country and break congressional consensus for

Roberto Javier Frisancho, a senior in Latin American Studies and political science, is president of the Coalition for Democracy in Latin America (CDLA) and visited EI Salvador in August.


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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 7

Crime Continued from page 1 ber to be as low as 3 percent to 5 percent. One way to account for the large disparity, according to SAPAC Coor-

grief, revoking their lease would do the trick. We should try to make it into a learning experience." Allan also believes that even though crime reporting is far from complete, the U-M has a more effective system for reporting crime than other similarly sized universities. Rather than secluding housing security officers in offices or stationing them at a desk, as some large universities do, Allan instructs them to periodically patrol the halls. "This allows increased individual contact with students," said Allen. ,iAs they become more closely acquainted with their dorm's security staff and develop a rapport with the

officers, they become increasingly prone to report. small thefts or other incidents that would otherwise go unreported. More complete reporting inflates the U-M's statistics as compared to other institutions, where crime is even more poorly reported." Security officials admit, however, that there are inadequacies in U-M security. 'We are finding that crime awareness around campus is increasing," said Baisden, ''but much remains to be done." One problem, according to Allan, is that students are unaware of the full range of security resources the university provides. To combat crime more effectively, the U-M has recently taken several steps. The Department of Public Safety and Security established a Crime Prevention and Community Relations Unit last May.lt is hoped that this unit, through educational awareness programs, a speaker's bureau and resource center, and the formulation of a nationwide liaison with other major universities, will facilitate coordination with SAPAC, NORTHW ALK, SAFEW ALK, and other groups concerned about campus safety. 'We are making progress," said Baisden. He praised the proclamation by the Board of Regents designating October as Crime Prevention Month as a "good sign." He added, "It indicates

myself or explain my reason for being there, despite my efforts to look as slovenly and out of place as possible. One particular incident is especially telling. After following a person into West Quad, I asked the person if he knew me. He did not. Do I look suspicious? Sort of. Am I a student here? He did not know. Do I look like I belong here? He did not know. Would

stopped him for an interview, he "would have followed it up later if a bathroom had been trashed." Not all dorms were so easily infiltrated. Once, while I was waiting by Stockwell's main entrance, a resident refused to let me enter. Several students at other locations were reluctant to open a door for me since I failed to produce proper student identification.

hearing," he added. Allan, who prefers to deal with incidents of campus crime through the university's system, sees little point in prosecuting students under the law. "The criminal justice system just processes them; they do not learn anything. And if we just wanted to cause them

Some believe that one of the weaknesses in the U-M's security is the fact that the U-M cannot automatically expel students who commit crimes. dinator Julie Steiner, is that since 90 percent of rapes are committed by a friend or an acquaintance, victims are frequently reluctant to report the incident. Despite a seemingly high amount of crime at the U-M, Joel Allan, manager of the U-M's Housing Division Security Services, defends the U-M's crime record. He said some believe that one of the weaknesses in the UM's security system is the fact that the U-M cannot automatically expel students who commit crimes. "We can prosecu te cri mi na Is und er the la w, and we may revoke their housing leases, but we cannot expel students, no matter what their crime, without a special

concern at a higher level." The U-M has also created the Task Force on Campus Safety and Security. The task force's efforts include an Institute for Social Research study of 1200 U-M students, staff personnel, and faculty members to investigate the frequency and nature of crime on campus. According to Paul Boylan, dean of the School of Music and chairman of the task force, the study will look beyond mere statistical data to assess the U-M's environment in a qualitative sense. The task force has also set up an ad hoc committee to determine how U-M security compares with security at other Big Ten schools. According to Boylan, once all the information is compiled and analyzed, the task force will be able to formulate its recommendations. A final report is expected at the end of December. Boylan acknowledges that, despite its efforts, the administration still has a long way to go in its quest to eradicate crime. "I expect the task force to make 'vvide-ranging and significant changes in the way security is coordinated," he said.

Adam DeVore is an RC freshman in philosophy and Spanish and a staff writer for the Review.

Thief Continued from page 1 Some dorms seeni to be more secure than others. South Quad and West Quad have sturdy metal grates over many of the lower windows. These forced me to look for alternative routes, but they did not prevent me from gaining entrance. Betsy Barbour, Helen Newberry, South Quad, and StocKweIl usually have light screens in the open windows. Someone who really wanted to break in, however, would not be deterred by these screens. When such routes were not available, I would loiter outside the dorm. When students walked past me, I would abruptly begin to foIlow them. Once they had unlocked the door and entered, they would passively aIlow the door to close rather than stop to pull it shut. It was not difficult to catch the door and sneak in, even if I were following 15 feet behind them. Almost invariably I was able to enter without being asked to identify .

Almost invariably I was able to enter without being asked to identify myself or explain my reason for being there, despite my efforts to look as slovenly and out of place as possible. you have questioned my being here had I gone up these stairs instead of interviewing you? No. I found this type of response to be the most common. One South Quad resident said that although he "probably would have ignored me" had I not

Nevertheless, accessibility is the rule, not the exception. Larry Proctor, who has been an employee of Housing Security for 20 years, was not surprised when I told him of my findings. "Newberry and Barbour have good records and so

does Stockwell," he said. ''But people leave doors propped open and open windows unattended. We try to keep it to a minimum, but you can only check so often." Sgt. Vernon Baisden of the U-M Department of Public Safety and Security was not surprised either. "Students are too trusting. They do not always think about the possible consequences of their actions," he said. Crime prevention on campus is a complex issue. However, my experience suggests at least two steps must be taken to make dorms safer. First, residence hall security guards need to spend more time making sure the outside entrances to their buildings are secure and that no one without a key can enter. Second, students must take an active role in deterring crime by making sure doors and windows are closed and locked when unattended. Adam DeVore is an RC freshman in philosophy and Spanish and a staff writer for the Review.


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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 8

Campus Affairs: Essay

Daily News Policy Impairs Crime Fighting by Nate Smith A little over a year ago, the University of Michigan was shaken by a series of sexual assaults in which three female students were raped at gunpoint in their homes. I was the police reporter for the Michigan Daily at the time. After writing about a half-<iozen articles on these cases, I witnessed the creation of a news policy that was supposed to help the U-M community but in reality hurt it immeasurably. In October 1988, three sexual assaults in the campus area were reported to the Ann Arbor Police. Because the cases were similar in many ways, police detectives later said the rapes were most likely perpetrated by the same man. The editors at the Daily recognized that this alleged rapist was a serious threat to the safety of the UM community, and I included a description of the suspect with the telephone number of the Ann Arbor Police Detectives Burea u in two of the stories. Two composite sketches of the suspect (made by two of the three victims) also appeared in the Daily. Several U-M organizations, led by the United Coalition Against Racism (UCAR), criticized the Daily for printing the composites, which were of two young black men. The hair, eyes, nose, mouth, and facial shape of the two men pictured were completely different. Because the only common feature of the sketches was that the men were black, UCAR argued that the composites implied all black men on campus should be viewed as possible rapists. UCAR and the Sexual Assault Prevention and Awareness Center claimed that this view would cause the "perpetuation of the myth of the Black rapist"-the misconception that all men who rape are black and that all young black men are rapists. The criticism did not stop there. Several groups also claimed that not only the composite Sketches but the description of the Sl.\spect helped perpetuate the "myth of the Black rapist." In a letter to the Daily,lJCAR and other campus groups said ijledescription of the suspect-a ~foottO~t-2-inch black male between the ages of 20 and 25 and weighing about 160 pounds-also perpetuated the myth because it "describes hundreds 'of innocent young Black men in Ann Arbor." During the long and heated debates between Daily staff .writers, editors,.opinion page writers, and UCAR

representatives on whether the newspaper should continue printing composites and descriptions, I argued that a proposed policy banning this information would hurt the U-M community in two ways: it would deny the police vital crime-fighting information and withhold critical information from the public. In December 1988, the Daily' passed a policy that banned "conflicting composites" and "vague descriptions" of criminal suspects. I resigned in protest of the policy. This policy not only bans "vague descriptions," it systematically bans all descriptions of criminal suspects. Using UCAR's reasoning, a description is vague if it describes many or even several people. But even the most detailed description cannot single out one person ina community of thousands, and few crime victims are able to give accurate descriptions of their attacker. Virtually no descriptions of

helped the investigation. Although none of the tips led to an arrest, Caldwell said "many, many times" information from the public does lead to convictions of criminals. Somebody, for instance, could have seen the composites and remembered seeing a man who resembled one of the drawings. Descriptions and composites of suspects do describe innocent people. In the case of the campus rapist, the printed description fit many young men in Ann Arbor, and many people resembled one of the two composite sketches. But people obviously do not want to live in a community that seeks to overprotect innocent people to the point that no one is questioned, letting criminals roam free. As Caldwell said last year, "I would rather investigate 100 suspicious circumstances than let one real one go by." The other negative ramification of the Daily's policy may be even more devastating to" the community. The

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policy leaves U-M students completely uninformed about criminal suspects. In a letter published in the Daily during the controversy, the parent of a black female U-M student supported the use of descriptions and composites. He wrote, "Should only the police know a suspected rapist is Black? or white? or Asian? or someone with an Elvis haircut and swastika tattoo? ... The answer to each question is NO." A group of concerned female students also wrote to the Daily: "As women, we , , .deserve to know what the

rape suspect looks like for our own safety ... (l)nformation regarding his appearance is necessary." The policy also implies that the press should decide what information the public should have. Information (such as a criminal description) that is potentially dangerous to the community (by causing the "myth O"f the Black rapist") should be withheld. But when a newspaper decides what information to print based the political or social viewpoint of the staff, it becomes biased. For example, Daily staff members might believe that all statements made by Republicans at Ann Arbor City Council meetings are harmful, and that they have the responsibility to protect the community from these harmful ideas. But this would certainly result in slanted coverage that misinforms and harms the public under the guise of being helpful. The press has the obligation to print all newsworthy information that will help citizens make informed choices. The man who committed those violent rapes last year still has not been caught, according to Caldwell. But after the third rape last October, the rapist stopped. ''It may be speculative," Caldwell said, "but I think it is possible" that media attention given to the case stopped the rapist. "I cannot find any better explanation," he added. Because of stories containing descriptions, it is possible the rapist realized the police and the public were watching out for him, and that if he struck again he might have been caught, according to Caldwell. The policy banning vaguedescriptions at the Daily is still in effect. If a violent criminal struck the campus today, those U-M students whose only source of news is the Daily would largely be left in the dark. They would not have any idea what to look out for, and the police would have a much more difficult time solving the crime. The press has the responsibility of not only helping police obstruct crime but also in keeping its readers informed. Until it is repealed, this policy will continue to be a blessing for the criminals of Ann Arbor.

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Nate Smith is a junior in communication and political science and a staff writer for the Review.


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The Michigan Review, Novemrer 1989, p. 9

Arts: Book Review

Sketches from the Life of George Kennan Sketches from a Life George F. Kennan Hardcover, $:!2.95 Pantheon Books 363 pp.

by Thomas Smuts George Kennan, a former American diplomat who observed the convulsive changes of Europe during the 19305 and 19405, and who is currently professor emeritus of Russian Studies at Princeton University, has written a valuable book. Sketches frfJm a Life, excerpts from travel dic:ries written between 1927 and 1988, impressionistically records, as ·.\leli as laments, what Kennan sees a!- th~ demise of cities throughout much of the 20th century. In this decay of once great cities into modem shells of "ice and despair, he perceives a more general decay of human society. His carefully crafted vignettes of his own cbservations are expanded into broadeJ reflec.---------------., w ~. (j

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tions abou t the present state of humanity. The book begins with his first Foreign Service assignment in Hamburg when he was 24, and it returns again and again to the cities of Northern and Eastern Europe. He is especially sensitive to the contrast between the European city's romantic past and its undistinguished present. Historical monuments and palaces draw from him nostalgia and melancholy, as well as sharp criticism of the state of the modem world. The development of modern states brings him to observe that Europe "has not only cut itself off from i'ts own past; buf ficis lost control

of its own destiny." His reaction to the decadence of modern society helps him recognize his intellectual distance from his own time. For example, Kennan consistently complains that the automobile isolates its occupants from the social and natural worlds through which it .quickly and silently glides. The small, ugly apartments of Germany irritate him.

down, cut deeply against the grain of modem ideals of equality. They explain why hefelthewasa "guest of this age," one who belongs among those who have "outlived their own intellectual and emotional environment." In this context, we see why he loved Leningrad, the city of Peter the Great: "This is to me one of the most poignant communities in the world: a

Kennan wants us to recognize that pluralism comes at a price. Modem air travel has sacrificed any hope of pleasant transit in the pursuit of speed, America is inundated with "canned music" from the ceiling of bery diner and department store. One of his accomplishments is his ability to integrate such apparently trivial features of the world into a critique of a spiritually hollow age. What are the causes of this modern decay? Of course, there are many material causes, such as the devastating psychological effects of . the two world wars. The modern welfare state is also partly to blame; in allowing no one to live poorly, it allows no one to live particularly well. But Kennan thinks that political freedom is also responsible. "] have never taken offense," he writes, "at the thesis of the Roman Church that many men require a moral order drawn up by those who are wiser and more experienced than the great masses of humanity and are capable of channeling into the body of spiritual law the ponderous experience of millennia of human progress. For many people itis always better that there should be some moral law, even an imperfect or entirely arbitrary one, than that there should be none at aiL" Clearly, for Kennan, social equality is less important than what he refers to as "good taste." In the court of a Russian palace, for example, he imagines the luxury of food, wine, and stimulating thought in which its occupants once lived. He reflects that this manner of life is far better than the mediocrity produced in the modem state. In the old order, at least, the poor were bolstered by "the knowledge that to live well is at least a theoretical possibility," even if it is not for them. Such reflections, which belie I\ennan's aristocratic f~it~ in the vir, t'ues . gbVemrnent from' ItM top

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great, sad city where the spark of human genius always had to penetrate the darkness, the dampness, and the cold in order to make its light felt." St. Petersburg was the perfect child. It was not the consequence of hodgepodge forces so threatening to Kennan. It was, instead, created by the vision of a single man, a true city in that it reflected an ordered, indeed ordained, vision of human life. And yet itwasa vision wruchhe,at the same time, seems to realize is unachievable. Kennan loved the past beca use it carne far closer to his idea of a perfect society than the present. But his writing is haunted by a sense that most such human endeavors are futile. Man has always embodied a "lost and purposeless state." He feels this especially in the historical palace of Leningrad, representing an order never really possible, in whose "institutional grandeur" men have always '~looked absurd, uncomfortable against a stage setting that so dwarfed them." In the face of such incarnate idealism, he was

time. Whizzing mutely past neighbors too fast to even wave, we are no longer citizens. The havoc caused bv individualism (in part, by the primacy of individual rights) encourage~ hi s admiration of conservative unitv. Yet, Kennan was not simply a curmUdgeon, mumbling from his innercity stoop. Between \<;sits to palaces, he spent a good deal of time in nature, which he loved deeply. And it is- in nature, at the sight of the open sea from his cottage in Norway, that he feels "no limits, no confinement, no pettiness, no clau~trophobia." It is a love evoked, in part, by his inability to feel comfortable anywhere else, But can one separate what is beautiful in Kennan's writing from what is conservative? Probably not. What gives his observations their beauty is precisely the longings (for a greater sense of community, for more reflective, .less materialistic people) . which lead him to his idealization of aristocratic ideals. One need not have the same affection toward aristocracy to appreciate the book. But a sense of alienation in the modern world, a sense that our cities have greater success in separating lives than enriching them, is crucial to being moved by Kennan's idealization. The greatest effect of this book is not ideological. It strikes viscerally. Kennan's ultimately tragic temperament idealizes an order which he, at the same time, realizes is unachievable. And yet, he ends the book by saying that he does not want to abandon the world but to change it. One suspects that this same "twinge of hope" was felt by the peasants outside the palace is one he also

Kennan's ultimately tragic temperament idealizes an order which he, at the same time, realizes is unachievable. feels . The palace is history. Kennan, keenly aware of human insufficiency. one of the dispossessed, stands outside The melancholy of many of it in the cold and is bolstered by the Kennan's reflections strike anyone hope that to live well is, at leasttheotroubled by what seem distinctly modern problems. He wants us to recretically, a possibility. ognize that pluralism comes at a price. As society expands to include the:pOOr and minorities and gives equal voice to competing issues, it becomes moreand Thomas Smuts is an LSA senior in more difficult to feel like it single sociphilosophy. •. . ety. Like the capsule (jf an aut0!f\0bile, , ' plurafishhlep1fut~ pedpi~ mdstbfthe J .. , -'·r ~ .' -. )', (') d;' "f ;' ' "t· ,' i .i . : .. ;qP ~. f, '1


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Arts: Record Reviews â&#x20AC;˘

Smashed to Smithereens Smithereens 11 Enigma/capitol Records

by John J. Miller ~ing distinctive can be a blessing in the rock 'n' roll business. However, when the distinction becomes one of monotony, the potential blessing turns into-a curse. Only well-established musicians can succeed with musical invariability; the rest never gain the large, dedicated audience necessary for survival. For the Smi thereens, a band somewhere between cult and household name, monotony cannot be afforded. Unfortunately for them, their new album, 11, does little to dispel the notion one gathered from listening to their 1988 effort, Green Thoughts: the Smithereens have a good sound, but every song sounds too much like the others. Ironically, 11 opens with a great song, "A Girl Like You." Like "Blood

and Roses" and "Only a Memory" before it, "A Girl Like You" is a strong AOR-ready cut that will probably garner 11 more attention than it deserves. A powerful guitar intro, a hummable chorus, and Pat DiNizio's lyrics combine to create what should be the Smithereens' first and only hit from

this pattern on "Blue Period," a slow and boring song that ought to be part of Wayne Newton's repertoire. This is lounge lizard material, notrock'n' roll. It seems more out of place than did "Nightclub Jitters" on the Replacements' Pleased to Meet Me. The upbeat "Yesterday Girl" be-

The Smithereens have a good sound, but every song sounds too much like the others. this new album. "Blues Before and After" has some melodically interesting stanzas, but the chorus is unoriginal (the endless repetition of "The blues before and after/The blues before and after I'm with you" is sickening). It is simply a second-rate attempt to capture the spirit of "A Girl Like You." The Smithereens try to break from

gins the second side of 11 and is the album's second highlight. While not a complete departure from their hackneyed style, the music is significantly different from the rest of 11 to make this track stand out. Add lyrics like "I never wanna find an answer 'cause I don't like the truth/ And if I find just what I'm looking for I've something to lose" and the Smithereens come up

with a winner. A pair of songs named after people, either real or imagined, comes next. "William Wilson" bears little resemblance to the Edgar Allan Poe story of the same name, although the lyrics are vague enough to make this connection debatable. The instrumental breaks in "Maria Elena" predictably contain Spanish guitar flourishes. Neither of these songs are likely to win the band any new fans. 11, like its predecessors, is good but not great. It leaves one with the feeling that the Smithereens are capable of more and only need some time to prove it. But after several attempts, they have now recorded much and changed little. The Smithereens have failed to live up to their potential, and the time for them to do so is quickly running out. JohnJ. Miller is a sophomore in LSA and a campus affairs editor of the

Review.

Wendy's Wall of Sound Wendy Wall Wendy Wall SBK Records

by John J. Miller She sounds somewhat like Joni Mitchell, but her lyrics won't make the sensitive types break down and cry. She sounds somewhat like Tracy Chapman, but she has a band and uses lots of instruments. And she so~nds somewhat like the Indigo Girls, but she doesn't try to be a hippie.

Still, Wendy Wall, on her selftitled debut album, sounds very much like her own creation. She refuses to be easily categorized, even though there is an immediate urge to group her with adult contemporary performers. With a little luck, she could even find some fans in the album rock and progressive crowds, although her music is far from being a cseries of bar room rave-ups or a forum for nihilistic pretentiousness. If Wall is able to get radio's attention long enough to become popular, it

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will probably be as a result of the album's first two tracks. "Dig That Crazy Beat" is about as laid-back as any "get into the rhythm" piece can

ment, sometimes about loneliness, and sometimes about salvation for the human race, but it is mostly about gazing at the stars and wondering.

Wendy Wallis a breath of fresh air in a medium that all too often glorifies stagnation and mediocrity. ever be, yet it is remarkably enchanting and primes the listener for the rest of Wall's music. "Real Love". begins with a lowdecibel guitar, but the sound is intense when compared to Wall's other songs. After building anticipation, the guitar sound recedes into the background as Wall's vocals take center stage. Her storytelling resembles Bob Dylan's imagery: "Sam saw Sally and he parked in her alley but he left with his gears stripped" and "Some pick Sally but the lily of the valley's full of thoms, watch your finger." The best songs come later. "Sweet Imagination" is soft and simple and has lyrics nearly any daydreaming aesthete can appreciate: "There goes my sweetimagination/I grow old and it stays a child.f~ acoustic "iPostcard to the Stars" is sometimes about the environ-

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"We have sent you greeting cards, our rocket ships are question marks," sings Wall. Other highlights include "Living in a State of Grace," "The Proving Ground," and "Nothing Lasts Forever." Some tracks are second-rate, but when surrounded by such quality material, this is easily forgiven. Wendy Wall is a breath of fresh air in a medium that all too often glorifies stagnation and mediocrity. One rarely sees such talent on a debut album. Wendy Wall is not a promising young star; she is an accomplished young artist. Her music speaks for itself and should not be ignored.

JohnJ. Miller is a sophomore in LSA and a campus affairs editor, of the

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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 11

Arts: Book Review

'80' Is a Winner I is the man who two years ago spoke to a convention of college presidents on the joy of amateur football and nearly single-handedly defeated a resolution that the presidents were about to adopt. Schembechler believes that there is nothing wrong with the concept of by Steve Angelotti collegiate athletics, but hedoes believe Sports memoirs tend to be reacthat problems exist vVlth some of the tiveand self-conscious or, even worse, people involved in it. glossed over by mythology. Baseball Schembechler's advice on legend Ty Cobb's deathbed autobiog"boosters" (alumni and other supportraphy is a good example. Cobb denied ers of the program): "The only answer ever playing dirty, in spite of considerto these people is to keep than as far able evidence and testimony to the away from your program as possible." contrary, and attempted to excuse Schembechler on drugs and steroids: himself for every "bad" incident in his "The coach who says 'I don't need to career that caused him to be "unfairly" test, I know I don't have a problem' is painted as the villain. Other such the coach who has a problem ... If you books, while not as mendacious as want steroids in your program, you Cobb's, are still defensive, with pages don't have to promote them. Just igof explanations or half-hearted apolonore them." Schembechler on admisgies. Rarely is a sports figure honest admit marsions officers who will not and candid about his career and his ginal students: "(They) never leave the beliefs. damn office. I've been to the kid's Bo, the autobiography of Univerhome, his school, I have talked with his sity of Michigan football coach Bo coach, his principal, his guidance Schembechler, is an exceptional case, counselor, and his community leaders. however. That should count for something." One should not read Bo because Schembechler on agents: "Make sure it is by and about the local coaching the agents are registered with an hero; one should read the book beNCAA agency as well as an NFL cause it is about a man who has sucagency. Maybe this would help weed ceeded in the often corrupt world of out the sleazy ones." college athletics without ever comproBut Bo is far mbre than pontificamising his beliefs or his integri ty. One tion by the coach, for he is a modest should read Bo because co-author man: "Me? I'm just the guy with the Mitch Albom, a 'Detroit Free Press whistle. And that's all I ever want to sports columnist, does an outstanding

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Bo Schembechler wIth Mitch Alborn Hardcover, $17.95 Warner Books 281 pp.

;,- a few weaknesses.' The piece on "why :; I've lost so manv Rose Bowls" seems ~ morea litanyof~xcuses thananadmi sr: ::: sion that Schembechler's teams (or his ~~ coaching) may not have been good 8 enough . Schembechler tackles some of the controversies in his career, but avoids others. He does a good job describing Texas A&M's unsuccessful attempt to make him its football coach in 1982, as well as last springs Bill Frieder-Steve Fisher NCAA basketball title drama. But Schembechler never discusses his relationship with Indiana basketball Coach Bobby Knight, which continued even after Knight viciously attacked Frieder verbally after a basketball game in 1984. One wonders why Schembechler and then-U-M Athletic Director Don Canham did not publicly stand up for Frieder in the face of their distasteful ''Woody ... addressed his football chil"good friend" Knight? Would Knight dren ... 'The greatest team I ever had have refused to provide a favorable was that 1969 team.' He paused. 'It had quote for Bo's book jacket? great defense.' Another pause. 'It had Despite these problems, the book great leadership.' Another pause. 'It . had a great offensive line, great running backs, a wonderful quarterback, a fine kicking game: He stopped. He sighed. He looked down the dias and glared atme. 'G YOU, BO! YOU WILL NEVER WIN A BIGGER GAME THAN THAT ONE!'" Schembechler's depiction of Hayes may well be the book's most powerful section. Their relationship was always fascinating, and the respect and love these men shared shows through . The book does, however, contain

Schembechler's depiction of Hayes may well be the book's most powerful section. job of organizing Schembechler' soften sporadic bursts of beliefs and anecdotes. Most importantly, one should read Bo because it is one of the few autobiographies that is frank and interesting from page one. Schembechler devotes limited space to the non-sporting aspect of his life (except his heart problems). Instead, he focuses on the people who have shaped his views and affected his life, the people whose lives he has affected, and his strong beliefs about collegiate athletics. Schembechler is no "dumb jock," for he 'can be a persuasive tnihker. He

be." The book is full of delicious anecdotes, the largest portion of which concern Schembechler's mentor and rival, Ohio State Coach Woody Hayes. Schembechler focuses on his first and greatest game against Hayes, in 1969. Sports lllustrated reporters and other experts were then writing articles about how the 1969 Buckeyes, then on a 22-game winning streak, were the greatest team of all time. In the final game of the season, Michigan , shocked Ohio State, 24-12. Schembechler recounts the speech Hayes gave in the early-1980s to Hayes' for. mer players, including Sch~tnbechler:

Steve Angelotti, a former executive editor of the Review., is residing in East Lansing with his Bob Vfer tapes.

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deserves to be read, not just by U-M fans, but by any fan who cares about the future of college athletics. For those of us who have grown up with lhe image of Schembechler pacing the sidelines, wearing sunglasses, and chewing gum, it is scary to thinkofU-M football without him. But with thebookBo, we shall always have his legacy. .

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The Michigan Review, November 1989, p. 12

Sports

Michigan Will Top Big Ten Hoops _.by Ma~Kaunowski

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Steve Fisher, the University of Michigan's men's basketball coach, considered himself "the luckiest person on the face of the earth" after guiding his team to a Cinderella-like victory in last season's title game. Nobody expected the Wolverines to do well under the circumstances, even though they were loaded with talent. But Fisher, making the most of his chances, guided the U-M to six straight playoff victories and its first national championship. Can Michigan continue its winning ways in the upcoming 1989-90 basketball season? Fisher is tempting his players with a tasty morsel: the Big Ten title, which eluded the maize and blue last year. (They finished third.) With four of five starters returning this year, the expectations in Ann Arbor are high. Glen Rice was drafted by the Miami HeatoftheNBA, butthereturn-. ees include Rumeal "Mr. Clutch" Robinson, Terry Mills, Loy Vaught, and Sean Higgins. Robinson, who averaged 15 points and six assists per game last season, is expected to pick up most of the scoring slack resulting from the departure of Rice. Vaught, the third leading rebounder in the conference last season, should continue to clean the boards consi~ently. Mills adds a shot-blocking threat; he led the Big Ten in blocked shots last year with an average of 1.3 per game. The "Most Modest Man on Campus," a.k.a. Sean Higgins, has deadly three-point shot capabilities and will start at forward. The all-around depth of Michigan is good, and Fisher would love to add a Big Ten title to his credentials. Do the Wolverines hunger enough for yet another championship? Here's guessing that they do, although this season will by no means be easy for them. Indiana, using its own bag of tricks, won the Big Ten title last year with a team considered to be less talented than Michigan, Illinois, and Iowa. Bobby Knight, Indiana's coaching genius, will be hard pressed to repeat, though. Jay Edwards has graduated, leaving a gaping hole that Knight's Hoosiers must try to fill. Although Indiana arguably scored the best recruiting coup in the nation last year by getting Pat Grah.am (Indiana's Mr. Basketball) and Lawrence Funderburke (rated Ohio's top prep player before being suspended from his team for disciplinary reasons), none of the returning players are on par with Ed-

wards. Eric Anderson, who averaged almost 12 points a game last year as a freshman, will take over at guard. Despite a lack of big-name, experienced players, the Hoosiers are still a force to be reckoned with, and Knight is as experienced a coach as there is in NCAA basketball. Illinois, after finishing second in the Big Ten last season, reached the Final Four only to be snuffed out by a

the second-best returning scorer in the conference. Senior guard Melvin Newbern led the league in steals last season. Head coach Clem Haskins has assembled a squad capable of contending for the Big Ten title only three years after Minnesota's recruiting scandal~uite an accomplishment for any coach. Wisconsin was another team from the conference's seemingly

Predictions (last year's records) 1. MICHIGAN (30-7) 2. INDIANA (27-8) 3. ILLINOIS (31-5) 4. MINNESOTA (19-12) 5. WISCONSIN (18-12) 6. MICHIGAN STATE (18-15) 7. OHIO STATE (19-15) 8. IOWA (23-10) 9. PURDUE (15-16) 10. NORTHWESTERN (9-19) heroic last-second shot by Sean Higgins. This year, the Fighting Illini still have high hopes, even though Nick Anderson and Kenny Battle were both first-round NBA draft picks. Returning for head coach Lou Henson are seniors Kendall Gill and Larry Smith, a potent scoring combination that knows how to play tenacious defense. Also prominent among the'returning Illini is 6-foot-8-inch junior Marcus Liberty, who showed much improvement late in the season. If Henson can mold his team's natural talent, Illinois could wind up atop the conference at season's end. Minnesota is the pick to finish fourth in the Big Ten this year. The Golden Gophers were 8-1 at home last year, including upsets over Michigan, Illinois, and Iowa. However, a poor road record cost them a legitimate shot at the Big Ten crown. Minnesota made it to the Sweet 16 in the NCAA tournament last year, and returns senior forward Willie Burton. Burton averaged 18.6 points a game last year, and· he is

never-ending reservoir of surprises. In Madison, they upset (yes, you guessed it ... ) Michigan, Illinois, and Iowa, giving head coach Steve Yoder his best season ever as the Badgers' skipper. Wisconsin should be more than ready for battle this year with forward Danny Jones returning. Jones finished third in conference scoring last year With 20.4 points per game and is the leading returning scorer. However, the Badgers are going to have to learn to win on the road if they are to better last year's 1812 mark. Michigan State is moving from the venerable Jenison Field House to the newly-built Breslin Student Events Center. Mirroring the excitement of a new stadium is the basketball team, which has high hopes after reaching the Final Four of the National Invitation Tournament last year. Steve Smith, who averaged 17.7 points per game, and Kirk Manns, an outside scoring threat, lead the field of returning players. Providing new

blood for State will be 6-foot-lO-inch sophomore Mike Peplowski, who was forced to sit out last season after undergoing rehabilitative knee surgery. Peplowski will add needed size this year. However, his sluggishness and the Spartans' lack of depth should prevent them from challenging for first place in the Big Ten. Rounding out the conference are Ohio State, Iowa, Purdue, and Northwestern. Ohio State and Iowa find themselves in similar predicaments, both having lost key players to graduation (Jay Burson for OSU, B.J. Armstrong and Roy Marble for Iowa). Neither team has the returning strength or incoming raw talent to be a serious threat for the title. Purdue is still smarting after last year's downfall from a Big Ten title in 1987-88, and Coach Gene Keady, who was offered the Arizona State job before former U-M head coach Bill Frieder, has to be wondering whether spending winter in Tempe would not have been such a bad thing after all. And poor Northwestern's basketball team is almost as horrible as its football team. As with any season, there is a great deal of speculation concerning the conference's coaching posi tions. Keady won a Big Ten title two years ago, but he may still be under fire if his team plays as poorly as expected. Northwestern's Bill Foster should start looking in the classifieds soon-unless the "Mildcats" have become so used to losing that they simply do not care anymore. Michigan is an obvious threat to repeat as national champs, but no team has won two consecutive NCAA basketball championships since the heyday of John Wooden's UCLA powerhouse tearns featuring Lew AIcindor and Bill Walton. The Hoosiers have Knight to back them up, although coaches can only carry their teams so far. Illinois is a perennial pick of many prognosticators to win it all and will be again this year. Last year the Big Ten proved that anything's possible, and this year one can be sure there will be 10 teams fighting to prove that same theory once again.

Mark Kalinowski is a sophomore in Engineering and a staff writer for the Review.

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