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living visual barrier design competition

humes, oliver, stauffer the pennsylvania state university

MERCY


table of contents

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 13 14 15

introduction inventory living visual barrier: an analysis overall site plan site plan new pedestrian space boulevard of the allies first impressions functionality plant materials installation budget maintenance budget project timeline bibliography & photo credits


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introduction

introduction

UPMC Shadyside earned Magnet® status from the American Nurses Credentialing Center. Receiving Magnet Recognition® is one of the highest achievements a hospital can obtain in professional nursing and demonstrates nursing excellence, a commitment to quality patient care, and a healthy work environment.

UPMC Shadyside earned Magnet® status from the American Nurses Credentialing Center. Receiving Magnet Recognition® is one of the highest achievements a hospital can obtain in professional nursing and demonstrates nursing excellence, a commitment to quality patient care, and a healthy work environment.

UPMC Shadyside is a 520-bed tertiary care hospital that has been serving the residents of Pittsburgh and the tristate area since 1866. UPMC Shadyside offers primary medical care; physician and nursing education; and a broad range of specialties that include cardiology, oncology, orthopaedics, geriatrics, vascular medicine, endocrinology, and more.

UPMC Shadyside is a 520-bed tertiary care hospital that has been serving the residents of Pittsburgh and the tristate area since 1866. UPMC Shadyside offers primary medical care; physician and nursing education; and a broad range of specialties that include cardiology, oncology, orthopaedics, geriatrics, vascular medicine, endocrinology, and more.

UPMC Shadyside’s medical staff includes nearly 1,000 primary care physicians and specialists, with offices at the hospital and throughout the community.

UPMC Shadyside’s medical staff includes nearly 1,000 primary care physicians and specialists, with offices at the hospital and throughout the community.

UPMC Mercy is committed to providing our patients with convenient services and comfortable accommodations. As a Catholic hospital UPMC Mercy carries out its mission through a commitment to a set of core values. It is an extension of the Catholic health care ministry to all people in the tri-state region. UPMC Mercy has a long-standing tradition of providing quality health care to all people, as well as a commitment to improving the quality of life in the Pittsburgh region. The Mercy Hospital of Pittsburgh — the first hospital in Pittsburgh and the first Mercy Hospital in the world — was established in 1847 by the Sisters of Mercy. It merged with UPMC effective Jan. 1, 2008, to become a recent additional member of the UPMC family.


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pedestrians and automobiles are directly sharing space, or are in close proximity.

automobile / pedestrian conflict ^

pedestrians currently walking very close to high speed traffic

helipad access ^

Marion Street

wind sock location helicopter arrival/departure 8:1 slope from helipad

lies l A e of th d r a v Boule

8:1 clear slope to allow for helipad access

llies A e h of t d r a v Boule

prevailing winds helicopter automobile sun direction

sun and wind patterns ^

Marion Street

automobile viewsheds ^

lies l A e of th d r a v Boule

Marion Street

prominent views from eastbound lanes prominent views from west bound lanes

Marion Street

inventory

llies A e h of t d r a v Boule


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living visual barrier: an analysis A thorough analysis of the UPMC Mercy site reveals that it is not suitable for the placement of green walls. It is an exposed site - to the sun, and to several sources of wind, including natural prevailing winds, winds generated by high speed traffic, and wind generated by arrival and departure of medical helicopters to the helipad. In light of this, a deeper exploration into the idea of a living barrier was undertaken. What does it mean to be a “living visual barrier?” Our team has decided to explore alternate definitions of what it means to be living.

living: “flowing freely, as water” webster’s dictionary As a compliment to the kinetic walls, a low planting of a vine along the retaining wall will provide a neutral background for most of the year, and will supply its own interest in the fall when it turns to a stunning crimson.

The high levels of wind, which are unsuitable for live plants, is ideal for a “live” kinetic wind wall. Capturing the spirit and energy created by these several sources of wind, could in fact create a visual barrier that breathes with the energy and life of the wind.

The placement of the walls blocks the views into the loading area. The walls also invite examination. The addition of a sinuous path winding through the walls allows for this interaction. This exploration directly impacts the goals for this site.

goals:

d

Sustainably capitalize on the energy inherent in the site.

Compliment the existing landscape; use the walls to tie together the landscape of the hospital.

Add visual interest for passers by, while blocking unpleasant views into the loading area.

Provide a sustainable landscape plan in regard design, implementation, and maintenance.

Add interest for patients and staff who have the opportunity to look down on the site.


In addition, significant consideration was given to the interface of this site within the entire hospital campus. The design aims to seamlessly tie together this corner of the hospital with the rest of the hospital campus.

Marion Street

This landscape plan addresses each of the four points of analysis addressed on the previous pages.

Pride Street

overall site plan

Stephenson Street

4

Locust Street

proposed parking deck 2014 UPMC Mercy

loading area e of th d r leva Bou

s

Allie


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site plan

A series of kinetic wind walls obscures views into the loading are from Boulevard of the Allies. The kinetic wind sculptures capitalize on the many sources of wind generated in this area, and will provide year-round interest,

Marion Street

The walls will provide a pleasant view for those looking down from above, as well as a pleasant walking experience for those traversing it on the ground, or those passing by in an automobile. The intersection for Boulevard of the Allies and Marion Street is important in the movement of ambulances and other vehicles. This plan also organizes the space in a way that gives the pedestrian a clear path. Clearly defining the pedestrian paths will help to reduce conflicts between pedestrians and automobiles at the points at which they intersect. A plant palette which is colorful and interesting through the seasons will compliment this design and add further interest.

llies A e f th o d r eva Boul


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new pedestrian space

the newly designed space invites pedestrians to explore, and provides separation from the busy highway.


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Boulevard of the Allies

as one move along the Boulevard of the Allies, the kinetic wind walls are the most prominent feature.

helipad kinetic wind wall new berms perennial beds


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first impressions


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functionality

clear zone 8:1 slope from helipad

Boulevard of the Allies

Chilled water line chilled water easement

Wall footings to be placed outside of the chilled water easement. The posts will be removable where the walls span the easement.


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functionality

kinetic wind wall: removable post LED light (optional) river rock (optional) CIP concrete sleeve


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plant materials

plant materials spring summer

autumn winter 1 - Nepeta cataria / Catmint: hardy plant, full sun to partial shade. Flowers early and continues throughout the summer months. 2 - Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’ / Serviceberry, spring flowers, autumn foliage, and interesting bark make this spectacular in all seasons. 3 - Parthenocissus quinquefolia / Virginia Creeper, fast growing, hardy climbing vine. Spectacular red berries, and red foliage in the autumn. 4 - Narcissus / Daffodil, bright perennial flower. 5 - Ilex crenata ‘Hoogendorn’ / Hoogendorn Japanese Holly 6 - Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’ / Feather Reed Grass, upright grass, maintains form year-round. 7 - Hemerocallis / Daylilly, bright spring perennial. Showy flowers 8 - Echinacea purpurea / Purple coneflower, long lasting lavender flowers. A showy and easily maintained plant.

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plant materials

3 spring

summer

4

autumn

winter

2

6

5

7

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installation budget

maintenance budget

material

The landscape at UPMC Mercy has been designed to be relatively low maintenance. It has been designed to blend seamlessly into the rest of the hospital campus, and can be maintained by the hospital grounds keepers.

wind walls

steel frame 20’ bolts nuts footing

cost

# units needed price

mulch Replace plants lost over the winter

$240.00 $0.60 $53.15 100 $83.00 1

6 600 600 60

$12.50 $6.00

1980 $24,750.00 1200 $7,200.00

Weekly Maintenance

Nepeta cataria Amelanchier x grandiflora Parthenocissus quin. Narcissus Ilex crenata ‘Hoogendorn’ Calamagrostis x acutiflora Hemerocallis Coneflower

$8.00 $150.00 $6.00 $0.50 $30.00 1 $12.00 1 $45.00 100 $45.00 50

670 1 180 500 200 450 600 200

Summer (approx. 4 hours) pull weeds water plants mow grass

materials total labor total grand total

$57,138.90 $29,950.00 $87,088.90

ground work

CIP concrete sidewalk 6’ soil

plant materials

$1,440.00 $360.00 $318.90 $4,980.00

Spring Clean-Up (approx. 16 hours)

$5,360.00 4 $600.00 $30.00 $250.00 $6,000.00 $5,400.00 $270.00 $180.00

With a regular, through spring and autumn clean-up, the maintenance should be minimal throughout the rest of the year.

Autumn Clean-Up (approx. 16 hours) pruning / trim perennials rake leaves plant bulbs

spring (approx. 4 hours) pull weeds

Autumn (approx. 4 hours) pull weeds possibly water plants Winter (varies) shovel snow from sidewalk


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timeline The landscape at UPMC Mercy has been designed to be flexible in it’s implementation. Particularly in regard to the budget, this landscape plan can be installed in stages.

2012

site design completed

2014:

hospital campus renovations begin

2015:

renovations complete install hardscape and mounds

2016 - 2017:

install kinetic wind walls

2018:

install plant material


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bibliography & photo credits Helipad Requirements: http://www.faa.gov/ documentLibrary/media/Advisory_Circular/ draft_150_5390_2C.pdf Maps, site information: google maps, bing maps, base maps supplied by UPMC. dictionary.com Wind wall: http://pics.oddbug.net/v/cyrus/art/patterns/windwall.jpg.html Autumn Virginia Creeper: http://www.ryereflections.org/servlet/pluto?state=3030347061676530 3037576562506167653030326964303035313039 3831%5D Summer Virginia Creeper: http://extension.umass. edu/landscape/weeds/parthenocissus-quinquefolia Daffodil: http://paulmurphymp.co.uk/index.php/ murphywarns-of-threat-to-united-kingdom-andnhs/daffodils-2/ Hoogendorn Holly: http://www.conardpyle.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=spplants. plantDetail&plant_id=427 Karl Foerester Grass: http://www.hilltoplandscaping.com/resources/plants-and-trees-for-new-mexico-landscapes

Winter Serviceberry: http://longspeakphotoblog. blogspot.com/2011_10_01_archive.html Catmint: http://heavypetal.ca/archives/2006/12/ nepeta-walkers-low/ Autumn Parthenocissus quinquefolia: www.ryereflections.org Summer Parthenocissus quinquefolia: http:// www.gardening-for-wildlife.com/vines-of-thenortheast.html Daffodil: http://www.ci.port-washington.wi.us/photos/RonVoigt/Daffodil/DaffodilDays.htm Feather Reed Grass: http://riverview.alpineschools.org/wp-content/plugins/bwp-recaptcha/ calamagrostis-karl-foerster-grass Daylilly: http://www.signaturelandscapes.com/ plants/plant_images/perennials_gc/daylilly.htm Purple coneflower:http://www.theflowersavenue. com/purple-coneflower/ Purple cone flower (left): http://prairierosesgarden.blogspot.com/2010/12/wildflower-wednesday-holiday-review.html http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants http://plants.usda.gov

Spring Serviceberry: http://thesupernursery.com/ Contact.html Autumn Serviceberry: http://www.woodlandfarms. com/autumn-brilliance-serviceberry.html

UPMC_Mercy  

In June 2012 UPMC Mercy launched a design competition for the creation of a green wall.

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