Greenport Spring 2023

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SPRING 2023 Coastlink | Recycling | Equipment | Vessels | Technology Conversion vs replacement Which is greener?


17 Australasia focus Dave MacIntyre investigates GeelongPort’s dolphin project

20 Cruise

Michele Witthaus talks Valletta Port’s green strategy

29 Africa focus

Shem Oirere looks at EU help for African power projects

35 Opinion

Isabelle Ryckbost talks the EU Net Zero Industry Act

37 Alternative fuels Methanol port project and green hydrogen milestone

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 3
Briefing Solar power, multi-purpose workboat, smart grids
Product News Heavy electric forklifts, electric cranes and H2 semitrailers
Congress Review Paula Wallace covers the first GreenPort Oceania Congress
Equipment SSE Energy Solutions is helping Dover embrace electrification
Gothenburg opts for vessel conversion over replacement
Coastlink port profile GreenPort sits down with the host, Port of Liverpool
of Busan is upcycling plastic for the community
World opines about the net-zero reality for ports
One imparts its wisdom on artificial intelligence
REGULARS 46 Global
15 Vessels
23 Recycling The Port
25 Opinion DP
31 Technology Innovez
20 29 31 10 31

Converting a conventional RTG into an electrical one (E-RTG) means to shut down the diesel generator and to power the RTG with electrical power only – the emission saving, sustainable basis for automation. This is possible with electric power solutions, including E-RTG auto-steering and positioning systems, developed by Conductix-Wampfler: Plug-In Solution, Drive-In Solution, Hybrid Solution, Full-Battery Solution and Motor Driven Cable Reel Solution with CAP - Cable Auto Plug-In.

We move your business!

We add the “E” to your RTG Electrification of Rubber
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Savvy ports recycle

After what feels like a very long winter, in the northern hemisphere at least, spring has finally sprung.

And with the new season comes the promise of new life and renewed optimism to get the job done – this issue is a round-up of all that’s new in the green port sector – products, equipment, vessels and technology.

We take a close look at the project that SSE Energy Solutions is part of at the UK Port of Dover where the focus is on making sure that every step of the supply chain is centred on sustainability.

This includes undertaking a project to understand how far the port facility could be electrified and the potential that the impact of high energy requirements could have on nearby power lines and grid connections.

This is a big issue globally of course, not just in the UK, where countries are having to effectively reevaluate their whole electrical grids to cater for the growing demand of electrification.

The end goal is to of course increase zero emission vehicles, vessels and landside equipment and attract private sector investment.

Reuse and recycle

In this issue, we also take a look at some ‘new’ port vessels coming into operation. All too often we hear about newbuilds, but what about conversion and all it has to offer?

A special vessel of note is the Port of Gothenburg’s inspection vessel which is being converted to electric, rather than being replaced, with the aim of cutting 15% of emissions at the port.

The focus of this project is why use when you can recycle? Especially during these challenging financial times when every penny counts.

But it’s also more than that, by converting a long-serving port vessel, Gothenburg is also fulfilling its duties as an environmental steward. It’s demonstrating to both its stakeholders and the public that it is a transparent, accountable and environmentally aware business.

Recycling is a theme that is also picked up in a focus on the Port of Busan’s marine plastic recycling project.

For Korea, some 84,106 tonnes of plastic is discarded per year, so it’s a big problem there, just like anywhere else in the world.

But Busan may just have found a solution and one that also benefits the local community too.

It collects and upcycles PET plastic bottle waste into bedding and eco-bags. Talk about a double whammy for the port’s CSR responsibilities.

Lastly, if you’re in need of a little summer sun, our review on the first GreenPort Oceania conference may just help. If not, it will certainly give you some food for thought around innovation, collaboration and alternative fuels.

It might just give you some ideas on how to kick off the next green project at your operation too.

See you in the summer.


Editor: Anne-Marie Causer

News Reporter: Rebecca Strong


Dave MacIntyre, Australasia Shem Oirere, Africa Michele Witthaus, Cruise


Dr Maria Brucoli, SSE Energy Solutions Grant Ingram, Innovez One Tiemen Meester, DP World Isabelle Ryckbost, ESPO Paula Wallace

Production David Blake, Paul Dunnington


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Cover image: Port of Gothenburg

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 5
Why use when you can recycle?
Especially during these challenging financial times when every penny counts

PSA Mumbai and O2 Power are teaming up to develop a 6.25MW solar farm to provide the terminal with green energy and help India achieve its 2030 renewables target.

With commissioning slated for the end of 2023, the farm will provide nearly 70% of the PSA Mumbai’s power, reducing emissions by an estimated 10,000 tonnes each year. It will also help India achieve its goal of making 50% of the country’s power from renewables by 2030.

O2 Power, a renewable energy platform owned by EQT Infrastructure and Temasek, will develop and manage the solar farm located in Yavatmal, Maharashtra.

“Investing into our own large-scale solar farm together with our other green transport initiatives underscores our commitment towards sustainability,” said Wan Chee Foong, regional chief executive of Middle East South Asia and head of group business development, PSA International.

PSA Mumbai is targeting a 50% reduction in its carbon emissions by 2030 and has also pledged to cooperate with the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Authority to reducing emissions via nature-based solutions.

Other major initiatives under way include the electrification of its equipment fleet, a move to 100% renewable power across the entire terminal, and a zero-emissions rail corridor from the port.

“By expanding our renewable


Electric truck fleet

DFDS is launching a new fleet of 20 electric trucks in Gothenburg, the single biggest delivery of heavy electric trucks in the Nordic region. Together with an additional 30 electric trucks that are to be delivered later, the fleet in Gothenburg accounts for a significant proportion of the 125 electric Volvo trucks that DFDS has ordered for roll-out in 2023. The new electric trucks will be based in the DFDS truck depot in Arendal.


energy access, accelerating equipment electrification and reducing emissions in other areas, we aim for PSA Mumbai users to be able to access a zero emissions corridor through the terminal and beyond,” said Wan Chee Foong.

“We also look forward to working with JNPA on exploring nature-based solutions for emissions reductions in the area, which will benefit both people and planet,” he added.


The American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) has hosted its first-ever Offshore Wind Subcommittee meeting at a time when US offshore wind demand is skyrocketing.

The group will serve as a forum for port officials and industry leaders to share best practice on offshore wind port infrastructure and confer on federal funding that is necessary to expedite the American offshore wind industry.

“Port infrastructure is critical to accelerating a domestic offshore wind industry. Developers are committing hundreds of millions of dollars to port infrastructure, but DOE predicts that the US will need to invest US$6 billion in ports and installation vessels to build 30GW of offshore wind by 2030,” said JC Sandberg, Chief Advocacy Officer, American Clean Power Association.

”The American Clean Power Association looks forward to

Reducing emissions

Eight Kalmar Eco reachstackers will help two Italian container terminals reduce fuel consumption and emissions, without compromising efficiency. The reachstackers will be deployed by PSA Italy at its Genova Pra’ and SECH container terminals and are scheduled for delivery during the second quarter of 2023. PSA Italy, Part of PSA International, operates two container terminals in the Port of Genoa and one in the Port of Venice.

engaging with the American Association of Port Authorities and The Business Network for Offshore Wind to ensure this need can be met by leveraging both public and private dollars.”

Size of the problem

For the US, meeting national and state offshore wind deployment goals will require significantly more additional port capacity.

Due to the large size of offshore wind components, manufacturing and marshaling facilities for the projects must be situated at ports, so there is plenty of work to be done around port infrastructure.

According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, studies estimate that the US offshore wind market has the potential to create as many as 58,000 full-time jobs by 2030.

Offshore wind development along the US Atlantic coast and

Net-zero milestone

The Port of London Authority (PLA) has reached a major milestone, halving its carbon emissions in 2022 and making strong progress on its Net Zero programme. The PLA has committed to achieve net-zero by 2040, or earlier. Last year’s performance delivered the 50% cut in carbon emissions three years ahead of the original 2025 target. The introduction of sustainable biofuel, in place of diesel in its fleet of vessels as an interim measure.

its accompanying supply chain presents a significant economic opportunity for offshore wind businesses.

This is despite the fact that the US Jones Act currently insists that only US-owned, crewed, registered and built vessels can transport cargo between US ports.

But while the law restricts the use of foreign vessels, design expertise and consultancy is open, posing a significant opportunity for offshore wind players around the world.

The subcommittee, which is a part of AAPA’s Environment Committee, is composed of port leaders from coast to coast who will make the decisions that shape the future of the industry, including representatives from the New Bedford Port Authority, Port of Davisville, Port Fourchon, Port of Cleveland and Port of Longview.

Offshore wind role

The Port of Aberdeen has welcomed more than 100 vessels working on offshore wind projects so far this year, including the latest arrival of the Blue Tern jack-up installation vessel. The Fred Olsen Windcarrier vessel, which is equipped with a 800-tonne crane. Roddy James, chief commercial officer, Port of Aberdeen, said that offshore wind represents the most significant opportunity for growth over the next decade.

6 | SPRING 2023 For the latest news and analysis go to
Photo: PSA Mumbai 8 Signing of the MoU to create a new solar farm at PSA Mumbai


ABP’s Port of Lowestoft has a new workboat dedicated to litter, debris and aquatic vegetation collection around the harbour.

The Gannet’s principal function is to clear debris from the water surface and it will play a vital role in helping to keep Lowestoft Harbour and Lake Lothing clear of pollution.

“The Gannet will play a vital role in helping us with the clearance of litter that regularly cumulates in the harbour as a result of the strong prevailing from the Southern North Sea,” said Tom Duit, operations manager at ABP’s Port of Lowestoft.

“The new craft will also play an important role in supporting our day-to-day operations, for example supporting vital bridge maintenance activities, in a more sustainable way.”

Green vessel

The Gannet’s sustainability contribution to the Port of Lowestoft extends beyond the collecting of litter. It is hybrid-

powered, with a solar-panelled roof generating green electricity and is made from recycled aluminium, which can be recycled again at the end of its life.

It was named as a result of an ABP-sponsored local school competition, which was won by a Year 3 pupil from Woods Loke Primary School.

The name also follows the Port of Lowestoft’s tradition of using bird names to name new equipment at the port.

The vessel’s developer, Water Witch, is a Liverpool-based, family-owned business, which has developed a range of workboats

that can be used to perform a wide range of duties in addition to debris removal.

The Gannet is a Versi-Cat Trash Skimmer and was delivered to the Port of Lowestoft on 1 March 2023.

ABP’s investment in the Gannet is the latest step in its recently published its wide-ranging new sustainability strategy – Ready for Tomorrow – which is backed by a plan to invest around GB£2 billion across decarbonising its own operations by 2040 at the latest.


Portsmouth International Port’s (PiP) Port Energy Systems Optimisation (PESO) project has demonstrated how ports can use smart grid technology to decarbonise.

PiP, working with Swanbarton, ESC and MSE International, piloted the PESO smart energy system as part of a strategy to significantly decarbonise the port’s energy operations in a cost effective way.

“Our aim is to turn the port into a living laboratory of green technology. We were delighted to collaborate with partners on the PESO project, which has so much potential for the wider ports and shipping industry,” said Mike Sellers, port director at Portsmouth International Port.

“Combined with other sustainability initiatives, the findings from the PESO project will help us achieve our ambition of reaching net-carbon zero by 2030


Green shipping partnership

The Port of Los Angeles is teaming up with two Japanese ports to better tackle sustainability and environmental issues. Memorandums of understanding, signed during the 2023 California Japan Clean Energy Trade Mission, will create green shipping corridors between the US and the Port of Tokyo and Port of Yokohama.

Californian ports look to hydrogen

Californian ports are applying for state funding to test out the benefits of hydrogen for trucking and terminal equipment. The ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach are part of a bid to receive hundreds of millions of dollars via federal grants that are available because of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which President Joe Biden signed into law in November 2021.

and becoming one of the UK’s first zero emission ports by 2050.”

The PESO technical capability has been demonstrated in a pilot system comprising a novel dual chemistry battery and a multi-level control system.

This control system includes an AI-based capability that learns from historic energy consumption profiles to ensure that the battery can deliver as much energy as possible when demand is high.

The technology has been extended further by engineering a predictive ‘digital twin’ model that can ensure the battery has storage capacity to fully utilise energy generated by on-site renewable generation or procured from the grid at times of low price.

This combined capability to minimise the cost of energy needed to supply vessels with energy and to drive the port’s

own assets is a critical aspect of the PESO value proposition.

The project has shown that PESO technology can offer value to a wide range of ports. The prime ‘early adopter’ ports are likely to be in locations where vessels are obliged imminently to electrify in order to comply with policy developments in carbon emissions and air quality. Examples include passenger ferries and water taxis operating in cities where traditional fossil-fuelled combustion engines are not permitted.

PESO also has a critical role to play in minimising costly impacts on the local grid. It can do this by smoothing the power demand of the recharging sites and by prioritising as much power draw as possible at times of excess capacity in the grid (eg at night). The energy stored in PESO can then be made available to vessels when needed.

Port turns solar power supplier

The Port of Oakland’s stake in a local solar array project not only delivers renewable energy for its own needs but also its tenants, including Oakland International Airport. The stake in the newly expanded solar array at Antelope Valley Solar Ranch in California, provides thirty percent of the port’s power requirements and the surplus can be sold on to make money. “This is a project that has been six years in the making,” said Danny Wan, executive director, Port of Oakland. “Using renewable power sources to meet our energy needs is another important step towards zero-emissions and a greener port.”

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 7 GLOBAL BRIEFING
8 ABP’s Port of Lowestoft has a new workboat dedicated to litter, debris and aquatic vegetation collection Photo: ABP


Austrian rail logistics service provider Innofreight has placed an order for a Kalmar heavy electric forklift, the first of its kind to be delivered.

The eco-efficient forklift joined Kalmar’s electric portfolio at the end of 2021.

“If we are to achieve our target to be carbon neutral by 2040 it is essential that we start reducing our reliance on fossil fuels now,” said Peter Wanek-Pusset, managing director, Innofreight.

“Kalmar is a long-term partner and a leader in the field of eco-efficient electric equipment, so we are very pleased to be able to take this initiative forward together with them,” he said.

Founded in 2002, Innofreight develops modular rail wagon solutions for a wide variety of industrial sectors including pulp and paper, agriculture and construction.

Konecranes is to supply PSA

Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada with eight new electric rubber tyred cranes.

The new additions will expand the Atlantic Hub terminal’s handling capacity by 25%, meeting increased demand at one of the fastest growing container terminals on the east coast.

Taking the current fleet of RTGs from nine to 17, the new electric versions will replace diesel models helping the port meets its decarbonisation goals.

“Volumes at PSA’s Atlantic Hub have grown rapidly over the last three years,” said Jan Van Mossevelde, chief executive of PSA Halifax.

“The new E-RTGs will allow us to densify our container yard and increase our total terminal handling capacity in Halifax by over 25% while bringing us closer to achieving our sustainability goals,” he added.

The PSA Group has committed itself to reducing its carbon emissions by half by 2030 compared with 2019 and to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050.

“We fully support PSA Halifax’s


German H2 semitrailer

Logistics service provider, DB Schenker, has welcomed Germany’s first hydrogen-powered semitrailer truck. The fuel cell truck, manufactured by Hyzon, is in daily service between Cologne and Eupen in Belgium making DB Schenker the first logistics service provider in Germany to operate a fuel cell electric vehicle in the 40 tonne class.

Priority for electric trucks

The company’s equipment is in operation in 20 European countries on all three European standard rail gauges and its fleet currently includes 60 dieselpowered Kalmar forklifts with various lifting capacities.

“Innofreight is a true pioneer in the rail logistics space and we are

delighted that they have chosen our technology to showcase the benefits of electrically powered machines in demanding cargo-handling operations,” said Dietmar Kohlhuber, area sales manager, Kalmar Austria.


Electric trucks now have priority passage and handling in the container terminal at the Port of Gothenburg. APM Terminals has made the decision to incentivise haulage firms to run their vehicle fleets more sustainably and ensure a more efficient passage through the terminal – important for electric vehicles with limited ranges.

H2 reachstacker training

Port of Valencia stakeholders have been training up on Hyster’s hydrogen reach stacker which is being developed as part of the European H2PORTS project. The aim is for Fundación

ongoing investment in terminal operations at the Port of Halifax,” said Captain Allan Gray, president and chief executive of the Halifax Port Authority. “We are particularly pleased to see that this new equipment is focused on

reducing the Port of Halifax’s overall emissions footprint.”

The new E-RTGs will arrive by Q2 2024.

Valenciaport, the MSCTV terminal and Valencia dockers to familiarise themselves with the machine’s operation before it’s sent to the Port of Valencia to begin testing in real life operations. Training on the reach stacker has been performed both virtually and by a visit to the Hyster-Yale Group facilities in Weeze, Germany. When it goes into operation, the hydrogenpowered reach stacker will be tested over a period of two years at the MSCTV terminal.

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 9 PRODUCT NEWS
8 Kalmar electric heavy forklift 8 Konecranes rubber tyred gantry crane Photo: Kalmar Photo: Konecranes


The City of Newcastle was host to the first ever GreenPort Congress in the Southern Hemisphere, writes

From 15 to 17 February 2023, the conference brought port operators together with all players in the maritime supply chain to discuss global and regional sustainable practices.

The event was an opportunity for the Port of Newcastle, among others, to showcase its sustainability efforts and achievements.

Located more than 150 kilometres north of Sydney, the city is home to the biggest coal exporting region in the world and discussions centred around the port’s strategy of diversification and use of sustainability-linked finance options.

Port of Newcastle CEO Craig Carmody, told conference delegates: “It’s beholden on all of us to prepare for the future” adding this needs to be done in a “sustainable, resilient and methodical way.”

Port of Newcastle’s business strategy is for “50/50 by 2030”, that is 50% of revenue should derive from non-coal sources by the end of this decade. Currently the split is 31% from non-coal trade, up from 11% in 2018.

“Four years ago… we were losing banks because we were the world’s biggest coal port. And we’ve worked over four years to change that. So if a port as big as ours in coal can change, this idea that transition is too costly is absolute nonsense.”

As it stands, coal has made the Port of Newcastle critical to the success of the state of New South Wales’ economy, contributing AUS$70 billion in trade and providing 10,000 jobs.

“We are the single largest revenue source for the State Government. So, we can do all this [diversification] and we don’t put at risk our role or the economy of NSW,” Mr Carmody said, adding the port handles 160+ million tonnes of coal per year.

“And we don’t know when coal will end, nobody knows. We are getting ready now… for that inevitable day,” he said.

As he rightly pointed out, “you can’t overnight find 160 million tonnes of something else.”

“So what we’re doing is creating new business opportunities at the port while we can afford to do so. We do it with a plan, not in a crisis.

Creating a level playing field

The opening panel session canvassed views from port operators, shipping lines and freight forwarders, including insights from two small island developing states.

While there was discussion around innovation, collaboration and alternative fuels, the topic of levelling the playing field for investment in decarbonisation took centre stage.

Maersk’s My Therese Blank said there was an opportunity for more to be done at the level of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), specifically “market-based measures to cover the competitiveness gap between the fossil fuels and the green fuels” by 2025. Maersk would also like to see a strengthening of emissions reduction targets.

However, Ms Blank said there was a great opportunity for industry to make a difference.

“In 2022 there was only 30,000 tonnes of green methanol produced globally.

“We have signed eight partnerships already to enable 750,000 tonnes to be available in the next two years.

Mr Carmody commended the work of the IMO but said creating level playing field for decarbonisation needed to be based on scientific targets.

“It’s not for people to come up with their own idea of what success looks like. It has to be science-based, target-based, it has to tie in with international targets that have been agreed to.

“Those of us in the first world… are going to have to do some of the heavy lifting.

“The truth is, if we are going to do this we’re all going to have to pull ourselves up and some of us are more capable based on our wealth, to do that,” he said.

This was a sentiment mirrored by PNG Ports and the Solomon Islands Port Authority.

CONGRESS REVIEW 10 | SPRING 2023 For the latest news and analysis go to
8 The event was an opportunity for the Port of Newcastle, among others, to showcase its sustainability efforts and achievements Photo: Port of Newcastle

“We will follow the guidelines of the IMO as a guide only. It’s what we can manage within the resources we have,” said Rodney Begley, acting CEO of PNG Ports.

The organisation has “conflicting challenges” in meeting the needs of the community in a country with 95% unemployment and limited education, and the demands of the government as a state-owned enterprise.

“Sustainability is a blessing and a curse and how we manage that,” Mr Begley said.

He said sustainable action is currently focused on “low hanging fruit” and factors over which the port has control such as efficiency of vessel unloading, truck turnaround times and shore-based power.

Eranda Kotelawala, CEO of Solomon Islands Ports Authority said, “We need support… around 80% of infrastructure in Pacific ports is more than 50-60 years old.

“We do a lot to mitigate climate change from our perspective, but probably not enough.

“We look globally at what ports are doing and we try to learn from them,” he said.

Available solutions

Several sessions at the conference focused on the relationship between ports and other supply chain players in decarbonising shipping.

One avenue for the cruise industry to reduce its carbon footprint is through the use of shore power.

Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA) members have committed to equipping their vessels to connect to shoreside electricity facilities wherever available at ports “as soon as possible but no later than 2035”, according to the association’s managing director, Joel Katz.

“Right now, 40% of global capacity is already fitted to operate on shore-side electricity, which is a 20% increase over the last year.

“Of newbuild capacity, 98% is either committed to be fitted with shore power or be configured to add shore power in the near future.

“But… only 29 ports around the world currently offer us the ability to use shore power in at least one berth,” he said.

Taking up the call for shore power is the Port Authority of NSW. The organisation will deliver a world-first 100% renewable electricity shore-powered precinct and first shorepowered cruise terminal in Southern Hemisphere.

Shore power will be one of the biggest contributors to the port authority achieving its goal of net zero emissions by 2040 with a focus on Scope 1 and 2 emissions (and 75% emissions reduction by 2030).

CEO of the Port Authority of NSW, Philip Holliday said: “It will be the first bulk precinct in the world to operate with that capability.”

The port authority will provide 100% renewable shore power for cruise and bulk terminals at White Bay and Glebe Island by 2024. It is investing AUS$60 million in renewable shore power in the region, reducing ship carbon emissions by 14,000 tonnes per year or the equivalent of planting 70,000 trees.

Carbon neutral towage was another topic of discussion. Svitzer Australia’s Ivan Spanjic said the Australian Government and industry partners need to take action to make biofuel a feasible option in the region.

He said carbon-neutral towage operations in the country would not be possible by simply building different kinds of tugboats.

Svitzer will bring around 180 new tugboats into service by 2040, less than half its global fleet.

“The horrible truth is that we’re not going to get there by

building, we can’t build our way to a sustainable future,” Mr Spanjic said.

“It’s going to require the optimisation of our existing assets, a switch to biofuels and rapid introduction of low or zero emission power sources.”

While tugboats may account for only 4% of total shipping carbon emissions globally, that’s still around 40 million tonnes of CO2 or the equivalent of seven million cars per year.

Today’s solution is biofuel but uptake is hampered by gaps in the supply chain in terms of infrastructure, policy and legislation.

“Everyone talks about methanol which we also subscribe to, we also talk about batteries, but biofuel is just as effective, it’s just not as well known,” he said.

Green finance

Many delegates were keen to hear about green financing options for the maritime sector and they were rewarded with a comprehensive session on the topic on the second day of the conference.

The Port of Newcastle has undertaken three sustainabilitylinked transactions in the last two years. The organisation’s CFO, Nick Livesey, said: “Now more than ever we’re seeing lenders use their power and influence to drive sustainable behaviours and actions.

“That’s a good thing, it’s positive and I think the key message is, ‘banks might be doing it now, but it will broaden into other areas like customers and suppliers’ and we’re already seeing it with insurers.”

Sustainability-linked lending involves attaching targets or KPIs (key performance indicators) to a loan instrument that impact the price of that loan.

“For example, you might have a target to cut Scope 1 emissions over a number of years… so you’ll have staged [emissions] reductions over that seven years,” Mr Livesey said, adding that challenging targets are advisable but should also be achievable.

For AUS$515 million in bank debt in April 2021, Port of Newcastle had five KPIs linked to the loan: reduction in Scope 1 and 2 emissions, screening suppliers for modern slavery, providing internships for Indigenous students, mental health training for staff and achieving improving status with Sustainability Advantage (NSW Government agency).

Later loans for the port included annual targets for diversification away from reliance on coal revenues, and targets around Scope 3 emissions.

In answering the question of whether green financing works, Mr Livesey said cynics may see it as a public relations exercise and there may be some truth to this.

“However, this is now getting so commonplace, having sustainability terms in loan instruments is becoming standard.

“To that end, it will apply to everyone and then frankly, do you care about the motivation?” he asked.

“It still gets the action happening,” Mr Livesey said. “If everyone is cutting their Scope 1 and 2 emissions, influencing their supply chain on Scope 3, pushing diversity and inclusion, then the change is happening and for the better.”

CONGRESS REVIEW For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 11
While there was discussion around innovation, collaboration and alternative fuels, the topic of levelling the playing field for investment in decarbonisation took centre stage


8 Port of Dover could prove critical to the UK’s ability to keep pace with the rapid growth of green port initiatives and opportunities around the world

Luxury electric vehicles rolling down the high street and car chargers popping up in garage forecourts have made EVs the public face of transport decarbonisation.

But the enormous scale of the net-Zero challenge means that every step of the UK’s supply chain needs to be assessed for opportunities in sustainability. The development of green ports are a critical part of the Net-Zero plan.

In 2020 UK domestic maritime vessels contributed around 5% of the UK’s domestic greenhouse gas emissions – more than trains and buses combined. In order to meet our decarbonisation objectives by the middle of the century, marine shipping and its infrastructure must transition to low carbon energy sources.

Tackling carbon emissions

The long average lifespan of vessels in the shipping sector means that now is the time for action. With operators carefully monitoring their total life cycle costs, ships last on average between 20 and 50 years.

With 2050 targets in mind, zero-emission ships will need to start being deployed by 2025 to optimise investment. Importantly, tackling carbon emissions in the marine sector means much more than just adopting zero-emissions vessels.

The latest assessments for carbon emissions for the sector shows that 5.3 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent

was emitted in 2020. While this data measures greenhouse gas emissions from coastal shipping and fishing vessels, as well as inland waterway ships and leisure craft, it doesn’t include the considerable other GHG contributions from the equipment in ports, maritime business service providers, or other shoreside infrastructure.

Green maritime transport was identified as a key pillar for development in the UK Government’s ‘Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution’ in November 2020. This intention was reaffirmed at Cop26 in Glasgow in 2021, as the UK became a signatory to the Clydebank Declaration, outlining the ambition to develop zero-emission shipping routes between two ports, called ‘green shipping corridors’.

These targets dovetail with the UK’s ‘Clean Maritime Plan’ which aims to achieve net zero in the shipping sector and to position the country as a global leader in clean shipping by 2050.

In September 2022, Green Corridor Short Straits (GCSS) - a consortium of Port of Dover, University of Kent, SSE and several others - won funding from the Department of Transport to create a zero-carbon trade route between Dover and Calais/Dunkirk.

Port of Dover is the perfect candidate to lead the UK’s efforts on port decarbonisation as it forms a crucial link in Britain’s supply chain, with more than 2 million HGVs passing

EQUIPMENT 12 | SPRING 2023 For the latest news and analysis go to
While technology and shipping has come on leaps and bounds, enabling solutions that transform the sustainability of ports and their progress to net zero emissions still have much work to be done, writes Dr Maria Brucoli, head of research and strategic innovation at SSE Energy Solutions
Photo: SSE Energy Solutions

through the port each year. The Port of Dover is the busiest ferry port in the country and bears responsibility for a third of the UK’s trade with the EU, and nearly two-thirds of the ferry traffic to the EU.

Supply chain analysis

Port of Dover could prove critical to the UK’s ability to keep pace with the rapid growth of green port initiatives and opportunities around the world. For instance, Cop27 saw the US and Norway launch an international partnership called the Green Shipping Challenge which aims to decarbonise the marine industry - with the US earmarking more than US$700 million for the effort. Similarly, other key maritime nations, like South Korea and Sweden, are making significant strides in incentivising the domestic decarbonisation of this sector.

Back in the UK, key partners of the GCSS consortium have begun the task of identifying the energy infrastructure needs of the entire Port of Dover - no easy feat. An increase in electrification at the facility will require a thorough understanding of how the facility is powered and the potential impact any high energy requirements could have on nearby power lines and grid connections.

In addition to analysing the full supply chain and variable energy pathways for marine and landside vessels for the port, the GCSS consortium will examine relevant regulations and policy to reveal potential gaps that might hinder future development of green corridors.

The ultimate goal of the consortium is to develop a Green Corridor business case and route map that can provide a model of implementation at port sites throughout the country to increase use of zero-emission vehicles, vessels and landside equipment. This will have the added benefit of attracting private sector investment.

Future-proofing energy needs

SSE has recently undertaken several projects to design and install power infrastructure at new logistics sites across the UK. One of the key tasks at each of those sites, just like the Green Corridor Short Straits initiative, is to future-proof the facilities for further development.

With green marine systems still in their early stages, one of the key objectives of the GCSS consortium is to make sure that energy infrastructure put in place has the flexibility to accommodate a range of user needs over the coming decade. As we continue to decarbonise industry, business and society, this will include elements like new connections, increased capacities and a range of evolving powergeneration sources.

SSE Energy Solutions will work closely with fellow consortium members to define the shoreside energy supply for the Port of Dover project, keeping in mind the key objectives to produce a sound business case for the green corridor, and one that can serve as a model for implementation at other ports.

It is vital to view the decarbonisation of ports as a holistic action and this is where taking a ‘whole system approach’ is

invaluable. Expertise in a variety of key areas - from energy generation to EV charging and the underlying power infrastructure, through to optimisation and battery storage systems - will be an essential contribution from the various consortium partners involved.

Consider, for example, drayage - the short distance movements of freight originating or arriving at a port, from port to yard, yard to warehouse, warehouse to HGV. Drayage is a small but crucial aspect of the whole supply chain and its efficiency dictates the success of processes we now see as standard, like two-day shipping.

Before freight ever reaches a renewables-powered ship, we want to see that it’s being processed at an energyoptimised smart warehouse, with a private wire grid, fed by local wind turbines and solar panels. That it’s then transported from warehouse to ship by electric vehicles, manned or unmanned. That it’s loaded aboard by zero-emission electric cranes. The granular list of opportunities for decarbonisation are practically endless.

Success beyond Dover

Achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 means leaving no stone in the supply chain unturned. The critical significance of the Port of Dover as a linchpin in the UK’s trade means that any deliberate reduction in throughput to meet emissions targets would mean a massive imposition on the supply chain. The Port of Dover and other key channels in the marine sector will need to adapt to overcome.

The benefits of decarbonisation in the Port of Dover are many and diverse. Cost savings from reduced fuel consumption. Increased energy efficiency. Strengthened competitive advantage in a marketplace that increasingly demands sustainable operations. The port’s sustainable transformation will also help improve regional air quality for workers, businesses and nearby communities.

The SSE team is thrilled to work alongside our consortium partners on this ambitious GCSS project, to share our expertise and whole systems approach to support decarbonisation and to contribute to cleaner air over the cliffs of Dover. Success in this collaborative effort doesn’t just mean a greener port on The Channel, but also learnings and partnerships that can ripple throughout the supply chain, the country and across the seas.

The ultimate goal of the consortium is to develop a Green Corridor business case and route map that can provide a model of implementation at port sites throughout the country
8 Success in the collaborative effort at Dover doesn’t just mean a greener port on The Channel, but also learnings and partnerships that can ripple throughout the supply chain
g CSS le onisation over t n The s and n, the For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 13
Photo: SSE Energy Solutions 8 Dr Maria Brucoli, head of research and strategic innovation at SSE Energy Solutions Photo: SSE Energy Solutions Wheel base 6 000 mm Battery capacity 422 kWh Axle Kessler Load capacities at row 1 / 2 / 3 45 / 31 / 15 t + High efficiency and low consumption + Cost savings in continuous operation + Fast charging with dual gun charging + Field experience with more than 140 Reach Stackers and Empty Container Handlers SRSC45E5 FULL OF HIGH VOLTAGE HIGHER, FURTHER, MORE EFFICIENT – NOW ALSO FULLY ELECTRIC BREAKBULK EUROPE ROTTERDAM AHOY TOC EUROPE ROTTERDAM AHOY STAND 1E15 VISIT US AT: STAND F12 06. - 08.06.2023 13. - 15.06.2023


Having been in service around the clock as an inspection vessel at the Port of Gothenburg since 1979, M/S Hamnen is being converted to run on electrical power. This means the vessel can be expected to remain in the port’s service for many more years to come.

“The strength of M/S Hamnen is its versatility and the fact that we’re always at hand when things happen. The vessel has many different duties, but essentially it’s there to represent the port authority and to make sure that the rules set out in the port regulations are observed,” says David Falk, skipper of M/S Hamnen

Conversion vs replacement

As well as being skipper of M/S Hamnen, Mr Falk is also project manager of the vessel’s electrification. Replacing M/S Hamnen completely was considered, but deemed unnecessary.

“M/S Hamnen is in really good condition, and there’s no other vessel that’s better suited to its assignment. By converting it rather than replacing it, we further reduce emissions, as the vessel will then not be taken into use by a new owner,” says Mr Falk. At present, M/S Hamnen is in operation for around 1,200 hours a year, consuming approximately 25,000 litres of diesel. This represents 67 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions, which is 15% of the Gothenburg Port Authority’s total emissions.

Climate goal

For the Gothenburg Port Authority, the electrification of M/S Hamnen is another step forward in the quest to achieve the port’s climate goal of a 70% reduction in port-related emissions from the whole Gothenburg land-side by 2030.

Viktor Allgurén, head of innovation at the Gothenburg Port Authority, said that for the goal to be completely realised though, it will take all stakeholders at the port working together.

“As far as the Gothenburg Port Authority is concerned, we have high expectations of our partners both in and around the port and the decision-makers we collaborate with when it comes to climate change and we need to have everyone on board if we’re going to meet our goals.”

The engine room will be undergoing a total transformation during the conversion, as M/S Hamnen’s existing diesel engine will be replaced by a totally new electric engine with an output of 250 kW.

A four to five tonne bank of batteries with 520 kWh will also be installed, and these can be supplemented by additional battery capacity in the future if required.

“In exceptional cases, special call-outs, unforeseen events or extreme weather conditions may require additional range, so we’re also installing an auxiliary diesel engine that runs on HVO. The vessel’s task is to be available in all contexts 24/7, so we need that flexibility. But the goal is to run on battery power for 90% of the time,” adds Mr Falk.

M/S Hamnen’s regular berth position in the Port of Gothenburg will be fitted with a 63 amp charger, which is sufficient for charging between regular assignments.

The vessel will be taken to the Ö-varvet shipyard on the island of Öckerö in the Gothenburg archipelago during the spring and will return to service in the autumn.

While the vessel is laid up, Mr Falk and the rest of the crew will be using a smaller replacement boat to perform their inspection assignment.

“If we’re going to be able to demand that others contribute to the transition, we must show in all ways that we’re setting an example in the transition. It’s a question of credibility,” he says.

Key facts: M/S Hamnen

Owner and operator: The Gothenburg Port Authority, through the Harbour Master’s Office and Harbour Master Åsa Kärnebro who is responsible for the vessel.

Length: 20.3 m

Width: 5.7 m

Draught: 2.6 m

Cruising speed: 8 knots

Operating hours/year: 1,200

New electric engine: 250 kW

Battery bank: 520 kWh

Range on electrical power after conversion: at least 4 hours at 6 knots

Investment: SEK 17.3 million

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 15
The Port of Gothenburg’s inspection vessel is being converted to electric, rather than being replaced, cutting 15% of emissions at the port
8 Converting M/S Hamnen to electric rather than reoplacing it, will save 15% in emissions at the port Photo: Port of Gothenburg
For Gothenburg, the electrification of M/S Hamnen is another step forward in the quest to achieve the port’s climate goal


Australia’s GeelongPort is joining forces with the Marine Mammal Foundation to help the local community learn more about critically-endangered dolphins that are native to the area, writes Dave MacIntyre

Recent surveys conducted by the Foundation showed that the Burrunan dolphins – which are only found in Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia – call Corio Bay home. The trouble is that Corio Bay is the waterway access to the port.

Data about the rare species is limited, but that is all about to change due to the partnership between the port and foundation, whose mission is to protect the marine environment through research, community engagement and educational initiatives.

Acoustic monitoring

The partnership involves GeelongPort helping the foundation monitor the dolphins in Corio Bay through a non-invasive method of recording the vocal sounds of marine mammals.

Innovative passive acoustic monitoring stations are being used to eavesdrop on the dolphins on a 24-hour basis, even when the researchers are not on the water.

The stations will also be able to assess the marine soundscape and identify if other marine animals are using the area.

GeelongPort general manager of sustainability, Dr Lisa Mills, says the partnership with the foundation is an important opportunity to discover how Burrunan dolphins use Corio Bay as a regular habitat.

“Through our support of Marine Mammal Foundation’s research programmes, GeelongPort hopes to ensure the Burrunan dolphins are better understood and protected for future generations to enjoy,” she says.

Dr Kate Robb, the director of the Marine Mammal Foundation, says that Project Burrunan is the only research programme of its kind in Victoria.

“Limited boat-based surveys conducted in Corio Bay, coupled with citizen science reports, indicate this region is significant to the Burrunan dolphin,” she says. “However, we have limited information on their regular presence in the

area, much less their behaviours while using this habitat, such as foraging, resting and calving.”

“By understanding how the dolphins are using Corio Bay we are able to establish the significance of the area for the dolphins, but also assess any impacts on the species. While we would love to be on the water across all of our study locations, it is not feasible.”

“That led us to think outside the box to explore a new method of detecting dolphin presence and marine soundscape assessment.

“It is incredibly exciting to hear for the first time how the Burrunan dolphins are using different areas on a 24-hour basis and enables a greater understanding of their movements, as well as highlighting areas of high biological importance.

“We have been really excited that on each of our preliminary on-water surveys we have observed Burrunan dolphins in Corio Bay, with a fantastic sighting recently of a large mother-calf pod. From the images collected we will be able to identify each of the dolphins and match them against our extensive Burrunan dolphin fin identification catalogue.”

Dr Mills says outcomes from this project could help conserve Corio Bay’s small and threatened population.

“GeelongPort is pleased to help the foundation gain data on the rare Burrunan dolphins in Corio Bay and information that is critical to their existence.”

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 17
8 The partnership is working together to use underwater recording devices to monitor the dolphins Credit: GeelongPort
GeelongPort hopes to ensure the Burrunan dolphins are better understood and protected for future generations to enjoy


In this Q&A, GreenPort sits down with Stephen Carr, commercial director, Peel Ports Group to discuss what as host the Port of Liverpool will bring to Coastlink this year.

Why is the Port of Liverpool well placed to host this year’s Coastlink conference?

North-West England, with the cities of Liverpool and Manchester at its heart, was the birthplace of the industrial revolution. This was a time of great change in industry, technology and science. This significant period of change and innovation means that manufacturing, transport and marine have always been a key part of this region’s natural DNA.

Industry 4.0, to which many would refer to as the fourth industrial revolution, is now shaping our everyday lives. Once again, extraordinary technological advancements are developing industries at speed, bringing both significant opportunities and challenges. Liverpool remains at the forefront of this innovation, so hosting the conference here seems like an ideal fit.

It is also worth mentioning that Liverpool knows how to host a good event and this year the Coastlink conference precedes the other phenomenal European gathering – the Eurovision Song Contest.

With regards to short sea, can you explain the port’s offering and give some context on market share?

The Port of Liverpool’s core advantage is its proximity to market. Sitting in the very heart of the UK’s industrial manufacturing hub and providing access to major consumer markets, including those in Ireland.

The major population centres of Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds and Dublin are all within easy reach from the port and this advantageous location brings both cost and environmental benefits to the supply chain.

This means that any businesses who exploit the benefits of short sea shipping through Liverpool can get closer to the end destination, or origin of goods, whilst minimising the use of onward land-based transport and reducing the impact this has on the environment.

The Mersey cluster, which includes both Liverpool and the nearby port of Heysham, consistently account for more than half of RORO freight traffic between Great Britain and Ireland. Since Brexit rules came into force in 2021, this has risen to 55% given the growth in unaccompanied freight.

Liverpool consistently scores as the top UK port for container trade with Iberia, accounting for fifty-six per cent of the market in 2021. And, in the same year, Liverpool became the only northern UK port to offer a RORO service to and from the region, taking trucks off the long-haul route through Spain and France.

In addition, despite being a man-made waterway, the Manchester Ship Canal, which is otherwise referred to as the Port of Manchester, reliably appears annually in the top twenty UK ports by volume with 7 million tonnes of cargo handled annually, which is almost entirely serving short-sea trade, connecting key industrial sectors like chemicals, glass manufacturing and construction to the rest of Europe.

COASTLINK PORT PROFILE 18 | SPRING 2023 For the latest news and analysis go to
8 The Port of Liverpool’s core advantage is its proximity to market sitting in the very heart of the UK’s industrial manufacturing hub
Credit: Peel Ports Group

What makes Peel Ports unique in its approach to environmental readiness, including short sea?

Peel Ports Group was the first major privately owned port operator in the UK to set out its commitment to reducing its carbon emissions, with an ambition to become net zero by 2040. This is ten years ahead of the UK government targets.

It is worth pointing out that this was not a randomly selected target date. A detailed study, analysis and a methodical review of scope one and two emissions was carried out examining all energy consuming equipment, vehicles and infrastructure so the net zero target date would be realistic.

Yet, none of this is new. We have invested more than GB£1.2 billion in sustainable technology and infrastructure over the last ten years. There is much to be done still, but we have already made some significant progress.

These investments and innovation in sustainability have made us an industry leader in the race to net-zero, reaching milestones and targets well ahead of our peers.

We’re working to make the Port of Heysham the UK’s first 100% carbon-neutral port. Already we’ve reduced the carbon emissions of its landside plant, equipment and vehicles by up to 90%. All vehicles and equipment at Heysham now operate on either electricity or Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO).

Across all our sites, 88% of our plant equipment fleet now runs on HVO and 83% of our vehicle fleet is electric. As well as reducing our carbon emissions, this helps to improve air quality around our ports.

Which key green targets are next on the agenda for the port, short sea and on a wider scale?

One of our key challenges is the provision of shore power given the range and size of vessels using our ports. Having equipment which can be easily deployed to berths without restricting the operation or with flexibility for vessel type is something we are looking into. Like many other port operators located in highly populated city areas, air quality from vessels alongside impact our local communities.

We are working to provide a large proportion of renewable energy to our ports are our tenants in the short to medium term and ensure all our new buildings have an EPC rating of B and existing buildings are at a rating of C.

This year we will measure our scope 3 emissions and set a target to reduce these significantly by the end of 2024.

All this is achieved by collaborating with academics, entrepreneurs and industry colleagues to develop innovative trials and projects which help to speed our race to net zero.

In terms of getting ready for the global energy transition, can you please explain the port’s strategy?

Our ports are well placed to enable this and take advantage of the global energy transition.

The UK is the global leader in offshore wind energy, with more capacity than any other country. Our key locations of Liverpool, Clydeport, Hunterston and Great Yarmouth are able to service this market and enable the maintenance and development of wind farms.

Hydrogen is also a key opportunity for Liverpool and the wider Mersey cluster. Essar’s Stanlow Terminal, on the Mersey estuary, recently announced it’s investing in vital infrastructure to secure green ammonia supply chain to help decarbonise UK energy. It aims to create a leading European integrated energy transition hub in the North West of England and this will bring a new open access import terminal for green ammonia.

The Port of Liverpool is ideally placed to support this project and, through partnerships with organisations such as Essar, at this and other UK locations we are ready to enable the supply chain for Hydrogen and explore opportunities in the area of carbon capture.

What other green projects are on the horizon for the port in the future?

The green and sustainable agenda must extend beyond energy and for us, it also means investing in our people and our local communities as well as our commitment to protecting marine life and natural habitats.

Our determination to become a good employer and responsible neighbour means we will provide tens of thousands of hours in training, professional development and personal wellbeing for our people. We are committed to recruiting hundreds of apprentices and graduates over the next few years, with at least fifty percent being from a diverse background which reflects the communities where we are based.

We will also invest significantly in scientific research over the next few years to protect, preserve and enhance marine biodiversity. We will enable the beneficial reuse of dredged materials from our rivers and aim to ensure we work towards zero pollution incidents as part our wider sustainability strategy.

Lastly, can you please impart some words of wisdom about how Liverpool has made the most of opportunities arising from these challenging times that we all find ourselves living in at present?

Given the challenges over the last few years; ranging from the global pandemic to energy security and a stagnant economy as a result of high inflation, it would be easy to push environmental concerns down the priority list. However, at Peel Ports we believe this has made matters much more pressing than ever before. High energy prices and energy security make these matters more important for ports to address, not less. .

This is evident in all we do today, and the investments we make to support he development of projects designed to decarbonise and support the transition to secure and renewable energy.

8 The CoastLink Conference will be held at Royal Liver Building, Liverpool on 3 and 4 May 2023. For more information and to book visit:

COASTLINK PORT PROFILE For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 19
The Port of Liverpool’s core advantage is its proximity to market. Sitting in the very heart of the UK’s industrial manufacturing hub and providing access to major consumer markets
‘‘ Q A Q A Q A Q A Q
Peel Ports Group was the first major privately owned port operator in the UK to set out its commitment to reducing its carbon emissions, with an ambition to become net zero by 2040


In November 2022, the port, which is a subsidiary of Global Ports Holdings, was named ‘World’s Best Cruise Terminal for Sustainability’ at the World Cruise Awards 2022.

And in January this year, the port was declared Best Port of Call Global by Spanish-speaking cruisers at FITUR Madrid 2023 in January – indicating that sustainability can go hand in hand with a top-class cruise experience for guests.

Stephen Xuereb, COO of Global Ports Holding and CEO of Valletta Cruise Port, says the port’s sustainability credentials rely on the four main pillars of sustainability: environmental, economic, social and human.

“At Global Ports Holding we are focused on continuous sustainable improvement, whilst striving to provide the best service to our guests and customers, and simultaneously innovating services in our ports and destinations in the process contributing to the communities we operate in.”

Measuring environmental risk

Valletta Cruise Port recently completed Phase 1 of an Environmental Risk Management System (ERMS) which will further help it meet its future green goals.

“This will help us to continue managing risk in a structured manner, better identifying, assessing and controlling risks that could impact the port and destination environment and communities within, whilst complying with our environmental duties and obligations and meeting community expectations,” says Mr Xuereb.

The ERMS requires the port to undertake tasks such as compiling an inventory of legal and regulatory interfaces;

surveying of all port facilities; listing and evaluating suppliers; identifying key customer groups; compiling an initial ERMS and risk register; and creating an inventory of environmental aspects.

Building a group of dedicated people to implement the findings of Phase 1 is the next step, says Mr Xuereb.

“An Environmental Committee or ‘green team’ made up of leadership team members and employees will be established to assist and offer advice in support of the environmental direction of Valletta Cruise Port. We are now waiting to hear from the relevant authorities in order to move forward into the next phases.”

The ERMS complements Global Ports Holding’s existing environmental policy, which sets out its overarching approach to environmental awareness and practices. “It aims to ensure compliance with environment-related laws and regulations and ethical principles in the countries where we operate, as well as determining relevant internal responsibilities and rules,” says Mr Xuereb.

“The policy complies with ISO 14001:2015, which is a baseline requirement for almost all national and international ‘green port’ accreditations.”

Sustainability milestones

Valletta Cruise Port’s success in achieving key sustainability milestones is strongly linked to its ongoing focus on managing sustainable access to the port’s ancient city and the historical treasures within it and the surrounding region.

“At Valletta Cruise Port we usher thousands of passengers,

CRUISE 20 | SPRING 2023 For the latest news and analysis go to
As a marquee port for multiple Mediterranean itineraries, Valletta Cruise Port is no stranger to recognition for the services it provides, whether awards from commendations by visitors or the industry in which it operates, writes Michele Witthaus
8 The Valletta Waterfront is an award-winning urban development destination in its own right Credit: Valetta Cruise Port

crew members and tourists to Malta’s capital, with a combination of localised services, practical and versatile solutions,” says Mr Xuereb.

The port’s cruise terminals are housed in restored buildings located at the foot of the iconic Valletta bastions. “These buildings were all restored to blend the old and the new whilst respecting the historic fabric as envisioned by the Knights of Malta,” says Mr Xuereb.

“Valletta Cruise Port’s concession covers an area of nearly five hectares of land comprising nineteen beautifully restored Baroque 18th century warehouses and ancillary buildings, known as the Valletta Waterfront, an awardwinning urban development destination in its own right.”

The considerable challenges of maintaining 21st-century facilities within buildings that are hundreds of years old are underpinned by the port’s commitment to UNWTO’s Global Code of Ethics for Tourism. The principles of this code provide the guidelines that allow it to continue in its mission to protects the environment, cultural heritage and communities that are so popular with visitors to Valletta.

“As a signatory of the UNWTO Global Code of Ethics for Tourism we commit to enact the Code’s 10 principles covering the economic, social, cultural and environmental components of tourism,” says Mr Xuereb.

“Valletta Cruise Port, also through the Valletta Waterfront destination, is committed to carrying out its activities responsibly, with the aim of leaving a positive impact on the local community. The port is actively involved in the community, and supports a number of causes, particularly those with a humanitarian and social impact, in the areas of art and culture, and the environment.”

Future development

The modern face of sustainability is represented by significant investment in shore power facilities at the five main cruise ship quays in Valletta’s Grand Harbour.,

Valletta Cruise Port is supporting a €49.9 million initiative to develop shore-side electricity infrastructure as part of the Grand Harbour Clean Air Project led by the Ministry for Transport, Infrastructure and Capital Projects, Infrastructure Malta and Transport Malta

“The project includes a €37m investment to provide shore power on the five main cruise ship quays of Valletta’s Grand Harbour in 2023, resulting in major air quality improvements with drastic emission reduction,” says Mr Xuereb.

“This project will lead to major air quality improvement with a drastic reduction in emissions most notably SOx, NOx, CO2 and PM emissions. By switching off their engines during their stay in Malta and switching to shore power, ships will be able to decrease considerable noise pollution and related vibrations, contributing to an enhanced quality of life in this region. Meanwhile the project will help safeguard numerous historical buildings and fortifications surrounding the Grand Harbour.”

In its management of cruise facilities, parent company Global Ports Holding works with all stakeholders to integrate the port into the destination and manage the impact of cruise tourism on the destination and local environment.

“This includes managing passenger flows into and out of the destination, managing transportation from the port to the city and promoting a range of attractions in the destination to disembarking passengers and offering them appropriate transportation from the port to these attractions,” says Mr Xuereb. In this way, wider distribution of the economic benefits within the destination can be achieved.

Future development plans for the port integrate sustainability at all levels.

“Today we talk about sustainability also in terms of passenger flows, traffic management and avoiding congestion in the key places of interest. We were at the forefront of that in the sense that we try and promote different solutions in terms of excursions. Some years back, for example, at Valletta Cruise Port we teamed up with a young company to encourage greener, zero-emission ecotours around Malta – a fun, environmentally-friendly option which is both comfortable and affordable.”

Technology and the IOT are also providing new opportunities to encourage sustainable cruise tourism. “As Global Ports Holding, we are also developing a Cruise Genie App, which is an Artificial Intelligence App to assist cruise passengers whilst visiting our destinations in order to use their time as sustainably as possible.”

Users can input their interests and preferences, and the app will guide them to the closest fit in terms of places of interest.

“More importantly, this app has been also a welcome innovation by the municipalities, because through the app, we can in crowd management,” says Mr Xuereb.

app has been also a we can influence s Mr Xuereb. n, in Barcelona,

everyone wants al. If


“For example, in Spain, in Barcelona, everyone wants to go to the Sagrada Familia, likewise in Malta everyone wants to visit St. John’s Cathedral. If you’re using the app, and it is 10am and you want to go to St. John’s, the app will tell you: there is a two-hour queue; would you like to book a ticket for 3pm instead? And then you can book a ticket for 3pm and you will find fewer queues. That is part of sustainability as well plus it positively impacts the customer experience. It is a win-win situation for all parties: the site operators, the passengers and the local communities.”

8 Valletta Cruise Port’s success is strongly linked to its ongoing focus on managing sustainable access to the port’s ancient city
The port was declared Best Port of Call Global at FITUR Madrid 2023 in January –indicating that sustainability can go hand in hand with a top-class cruise experience for guests
Credit: Valetta Cruise Port
ur o m n d s. ty ely mer win e site s and
For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 21
8 Stephen Xuereb, COO of Global Ports Holding and CEO of Valletta Cruise Port Credit: Valetta Cruise Port

Any colour, but always green.

Electric RTGs, available with busbar or cable reeling drum and hybrid machines with Liduro energy management are ideal for reducing your carbon footprint.

Liebherr Container Cranes Ltd.


Maritime plastic debris is a serious and international problem, resulting in a danger to both marine wildlife and human health worldwide. For Korea, plastic accounts for 86.1% of the country’s maritime waste with some 84,106 tonnes being discarded per year

Post-pandemic, Busan Port Authority, responsible for the operation and management of Busan Port, determined the need for an earnest establishment of a recycling system for the port’s plastic waste, including discarded PET bottles.

“We’re not just creating social value by solving the problem of waste plastic, but also strengthening our ESG management via cooperation from throughout the plastic recycling industry’s value chain,” said a BPA representative.

“We will continue to help reduce marine debris in the port area via this model of cooperation for the recycling of discarded PET bottles.”

Circular economy

The first task for the port authority was to identify actionable insights concerning waste management at Busan Port and then establish a resource recycling network together with stakeholders.

Busan Port’s resource recycling network addresses the problem of plastic waste through the installation of eight innovative devices at the port which automatically sort and clean PET plastics.

Collaborating institutions include: Inobus Development, which is responsible for the installation and regional dissemination of IoT waste sorting equipment. Usisan meanwhile, is responsible for manufacturing and sales of upcycled goods.

The plastics are transferred by the partner organisations to be decompressed, before being manufactured into recycled and upcycled goods such as duvets and eco-bags.

These goods are then donated to the elderly and underprivileged, or sold and the profits donated to social welfare charities. The network sees collaboration with companies from throughout the recycling value chain.

In total, 14,000 bottles have been recycled so far via these devices at Busan Port facilities, creating enough recycled material for 10,000 eco-bags. A total of 220kg of plastic has been collected and recycled, resulting in an estimated 526kg reduction in greenhouse gasses.

Over US$8,400 (10 million KRW) in social welfare support has been generated as a result of the upcycling program. In addition, collaboration with local government is seeing the creation of 80 jobs for local, elderly citizens within the upcycling programme.

A maritime debris collection effort has also been held by the BPA as part of the initiative which saw 137 people from

the port and surrounding areas take part and together clean up the waterfront zones.

Implementation of plastic recycling campaign Awareness of the BPA’s improved network model for resource recycling has spread with the help of local, public institutions and governments, port operators and shipping companies in the Busan area, via the ‘Resource Recycling Challenge’ and the Busan Port Festival.

Future plans for the programme include the expansion of the resource recycling system throughout the port, an increase in generation of green jobs and the establishment of regular, maritime debris collection efforts.

How it works

Step 1 - PET bottles collected and discharged via the installation in April 2021 of 8 PET IoT collection devices that can both collect and clean bottles on-site, throughout the BPA facilities – a first in Busan

Step 2 - After PET bottles collected through IoT devices are transferred in person to upcycling organisations, recycled products (duvets, eco-bags, etc) are produced

14,000 500ml PET bottles equals 1000 eco bags

Step 3 - Goods are donated via an upcycling donation initiative, creating an ecofriendly recycling system which benefits 50 foster families through Save the Children in Busan by providing them with upcycled bedding

8 Busan isn’t just creating social value by solving the problem of waste plastic, but also strengthening its ESG management

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 23
In total, 14,000 bottles have been recycled so far via these devices at Busan Port facilities, creating enough recycled material for 10,000 eco-bags
Credit: Busan Port Authority

Making a difference of lasting impact

With over five decades of experience, Ramboll understands the strategic, financial, commercial and technical challenges of moving beyond conventional carbon-based energy sources.

We see offshore wind and waste-to-energy as key drivers of the green energy transition in the region.

Ramboll has contributed to more than 70% of the offshore wind projects globally, providing advisory and

engineering services, and we have consulted on 200 new waste-to-energy units and retrofits in 50 countries across all continents.

We are committed to developing these renewables through innovation and the optimisation of energy production, thereby offering the most advanced and cost-effective solutions to our clients.



We are committed to driving business sustainability and exceeding our green targets through electrifying assets, investing in renewable power and exploring alternative fuels, writes


, chief operating officer, ports & terminals, DP World

8 Using barges to connect Stuttgart, Germany and Rotterdam allows the operator to move cargo over 1,000 kilometres with fuel consumption of less than five litres

Electric vehicle fleets in Peru. Hydro-electric powered ports in Chile. A 100% green energy terminal in Belgium. DP World’s ports and terminals across the world are transforming our operations’ environmental impact in real-time.

But in driving this successful evolution, it hasn’t been a question of why we need to move the sustainability needle. The real question we asked ourselves is how and that is the question the entire sector must answer to reach net zero.

Resiliency focus

There is much talk of diversifying and digitilising trade and through this, ports and terminals will remain pivotal to global supply chains. As conduits for global trade patterns, advances in ports and terminals will lead to enhancements in the efficiency of an increasingly dynamic global supply chain. And as the last three years have shown - under the spotlight of the world’s attention - ports and terminals must increase performance and ensure resilience to shelter our customers from disruptions, no matter where they come from.

Aside from resiliency, we are also increasingly reminded of the need for environmental sustainability and why we are motivated to target net-zero. Transport contributes 24% towards global CO2 emissions and shipping accounts for 10% of those emissions.

With the UN’s International Maritime Organization (IMO) aiming to halve carbon emissions from the shipping sector

by 2040, ports and terminals are vital partners in helping all businesses in our industry to reach global emission reduction goals.

At DP World, our ports and terminals are acting on the global business’ ‘Our World, Our Future’ sustainability strategy. This focuses on day-to-day improvements in our operations towards net zero and increasing the carbon sink resilience of the water and ocean environments we work in.

Realistically, we are looking at becoming a carbon neutral enterprise by 2040 and achieving a total net zero enterprise by 2050. But to achieve this, we will require a laser focus to transform many of our local operational activities, if we are to reach this goal globally. Therefore, our global decarbonisation strategy aims to reduce absolute emissions as much as possible via electrification and to increase procurement of renewable energy sources.

Net-zero realities

Assessment has been a crucial first step in understanding how we can significantly reduce emissions. From DP World’s perspective, that has meant looking at which of our terminals’ operations and equipment are the largest emitters.

For example, some of the most impactful emitters in a port environment are rubber-tyred gantry (RTG) cranes, accounting for 40% of all port and terminal equipment emissions alone. Mitigating their emissions with hybrid and electrified

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 25
Credit: DP World


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alternatives isn’t always a simple solution, especially if the grid that they run on is powered by fossil fuels. Another significant emitter is the cold chain, which involves the transportation of temperature-sensitive products along the supply chain through thermal and refrigerated packaging.

An additional challenge we face as a global company is the differing viability of sustainable solutions across markets, meaning that there is not a one-size-fits-all approach once the different regional conditions and policies are taken into account. For example, in a market where the electric grid relies on load shedding to serve its population, high-emissions generators may be the only affordable option available.

Incremental gains

Navigating these challenges has, in fact, propelled us towards finding innovative solutions. Where the beneficial impact of electrified or hybrid RTG cranes could have been mitigated by a lack of renewable energy - we have found ways to fuel our ports and terminals to reach our targets.

Our multimodal terminal in Antwerp, Belgium actually runs on 100% green energy. We have also reduced our CO2 emissions overall by 51% since 2013 at Antwerp, much of which has been due to investment in hybrid straddle carriers and Automated Stacking Cranes (ASCs), which are also increasing capacity.

Over the next five years we will be replacing approximately 1100 diesel tractors with electric alternatives. This accounts for almost half of our current global fleet. Right now, we’re focusing on the areas where the technology is both viable and reliable.

At DP World Callao in Peru, the terminal is becoming fully electric. Not only is it the largest port in the country, but it is the first in the world to purchase a fleet of 20 electric internal terminal vehicles (ITVs). The additional purchase of 12 electric RTGs and three ship-to-shore quay cranes (STS-QCs) will see a reduction of 1.5 million litres of diesel used every year. Retrofitting all diesel equipment will allow the terminal to play its part in our journey to net zero.

Investing in new equipment isn’t the only way to reach our goals. Smarter practices and operations are also supporting our efforts, such as the sustainable connection of our Stuttgart, Germany and Rotterdam, Netherlands terminals.

Using barges to connect the two allows us to move cargo over more than 1,000 kilometres with fuel consumption of less than five litres. Compared with rail or road, the efficiency gained by switching to barge transport reduces fuel consumption considerably. Our R&D teams continue to test alternative vessel and vehicle solutions to cut emissions throughout the supply chain.

The granular action we take at our ports and terminals demonstrates that this journey is often about incremental gains. But we cannot understate the immense value found in collaborative efforts across the shipping industry to reach net zero.

rs in the shipping value chain to come te announcements ocean-based er this joined ærsk on support towards

At COP27, we committed to the Green Shipping Challenge, that encourages actors in the shipping value chain to come forward with concrete announcements for ocean-based climate actions. Earlier this year, we also joined forces with the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping to support joint research and development towards practical methods of decarbonising the maritime industry.

Our operational initiatives, innovations and efficiencies are, of course, driven by our own strategy to reach net zero – the 2050 goal is clear across our business and, in every region. As part of our Green Shipping Challenge commitment, we recently announced an investment of US$500 million to provide real-world, real-time, onthe-ground solutions to cut carbon over the next years.

Similar investment is needed by all port and terminal operators around the world. While our plans and strategies should and do vary, it is only with collective sector efforts that we can truly inspire all parties towards a net zero reality.

atives, innovations and urse, driven our own zero – the 2050 ur business hallenge ment provide e, onto cut five t and ound d and y with l ality.

We are looking at achieving a total net zero enterprise by 2050. But to achieve this, we will require a laser focus to transform many of our local operational activities, if we are to reach this goal globally
8 DP World’s multimodal terminal in Antwerp, Belgium runs on 100% green energy 8 At DP World Callao in Peru, the terminal is becoming fully electric 8 Tiemen Meester, chief operating officer, ports & terminals, DP World
Credit: DP World Credit: DP World For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 27
Credit: DP World
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Port emissions remain a huge challenge at Africa’s ports due to the lack of alternative power sources, but this could change if ports participate in the EU’s Global Maritime Technologies Cooperation Centres (MTTC) Network, writes Shem

8 KPA has completed a feasibility study on a new solar photovoltaic (PV) plant to generate green shore power

These MTTCs, strategically located in every continent, promote technologies and operations to improve energy efficiency in the maritime sector and help navigate shipping into a low-carbon future.

The Port of Mombasa, a member of Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMAESA), is in the process of improving its energy efficiency with renewable energy.

The project will especially focus on emissions generated from ships such as ventilation/heating/cooling, pumps, control systems and cargo handling systems.

Renewables focus

The port’s operator, Kenya Ports Authority (KPA), previously indicated the port emits more than 400 tonnes of carbon greenhouse gases annually, mainly coming from ships that keep their generators running as they load and unload at the port.

This a problem planned shore power is expected to solve.

Currently, KPA has completed a feasibility study on development of a new solar photovoltaic (PV) plant to generate renewable energy powered shore power.

The project is part of KPA’s US$36 million Green Ports Policy implementation plan, that is financed by TradeMark East Africa and is meant to ensure all vessels at the port of Mombasa “turn off onboard generators and operate from shore power.”

“A study conducted in 2021 indicated that 25% of vessels’ emissions are generated whilst stationary at port,” says Aimee Besant, energy storage lead at ABL Group, that has

recently completed a feasibility study on the solar PV project.

She says use of electrical power from the shore can contribute significantly to emissions reduction, although the Port of Mombasa’s project goes a step further “in exploring the opportunity to generate the electricity from 100% clean local solar PV resources, creating an entirely green contribution to the shore power system.”

ABL Group’s renewable energy experts have also explored the suitability of installing a 5-10 MWp solar plant, energy from which can be harnessed to install a green energy shore power system.

The study identified two possible brownfield sites considered viable for solar PV plant development with the ABL team developing a conceptual design, each designed to maximise the PV output from the sites.

Significant opportunity

IMO has previously said shore power may potentially eliminate the local noise and air pollution related to ship activity in a port and depending on the energy source, it may also contribute positively to cleaner ship operation.

But as an isolated initiative, it is generally not considered to be among the most cost-effective climate initiatives. However, when combined with solar power it just could be.

“This project reflects the scale of the opportunity for other ports around the world to explore the installation of shore power generated from their local green energy resource, as well as the additional potential when combined with energy storage solutions such as lithium batteries or hydrogen,” says Ms Besant.

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 29
Credit: Kenya Ports Authority

OCT 2023 Lisbon Portugal

Port of Lisbon, Lisbon • Portugal

Host Port:

Provisional Conference Programme

Balancing environmental challenges with economic demands

Sponsored by: Supported by:

Balancing Environmental Considerations with Economic Demands. The world’s leading conference on sustainable environmental practice comes to Lisbon.

Join us for two days of conference presentations and learn from the foremost experts in environmental technologies

Media Partners:


contact: +44 1329 825335



Tuesday 17th October 2023

Welcome Reception - Hosted by the Port of Lisbon

DAY ONE - Wednesday 18 October 2023

08:30 Coffee and registration

09:30 Opening by Chairman/Moderator

Christopher Wooldridge, Science Coordinator EcoPorts EcoSLC, and Visiting Research Fellow, Cardiff University, UK

09:40 Welcome Address by Port of Lisbon

Keynote Panel

10:00 Climate Change: Energy efficiency, GHG emissions reduction & adaptation

-11:10 The risks to Ports, Shipping & the Logistics from climate change are increasing. This panel will discuss options available to combat these risks hearing from ports, shippers, and companies across the maritime industry. Confirmed panellists include Isabelle Ryckbost, Secretary General , ESPO; Nicolette van der Jagt, Director General, CLECAT; Isabel Moura Ramos, Executive Board Member, Port of Lisbon Authority

11:10 Coffee & Networking

11:30 Going Green: How can a Cruise Terminal be more sustainable

11:45 Opportunities, Risks & Threats regarding “Cold Ironing” in Ports - “The case of Heraklion Port”

Minas Papadakis, CEO, Heraklion Port Authority Cold ironing is the major way that ports can contribute to reducing shipping’s emissions. The administration of Heraklion Port has set the green transition as our top priority. The European program the “Electriport” was the result of our efforts towards a greener and sustainable port.

12:00 Shore-to-Ship Connection at Cruises and Cargo Terminals of the Lisbon Port

Armando Santos, Global Partner - Client Manager - Energy and Industry, Quadrante

11:30 Andreas Slotte, Head of Sustainable Development, Port of Helsinki

11.45 Miguel Matias, CEO, KEME Energy, Lda

12.00 Carbon Capture in the green transitionPorts as the entry to make CCUS/CCS & transport feasible

Ralph Guldberg Bjørndal, Senior Chief Project Manager, Ports, Marine & Coastal, Ramboll Ramboll is conducting a pre-feasibility study, outlining how carbon capture facilities can be implemented, and how port facilities shall be established to support the shipping of CO2 to the final storage destination. Various shipping options are considered, together with an assessment of how the expected CO2 Hub system might evolve.


Question & Answer Session


Question & Answer Session

12:45 Lunch & Networking

Duarte Morais Cabral, General Manager, Lisbon Cruise Port Session 1.1: Cruise Infrastructure Development Session 1.2: Carbon Neutral Ports
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14:10 Luca Imperiali di Francavilla, Global Product Manager, ABB Global Product Manager

The use of renewable energy sources at ports supports the Shore Connection when ships are connecting to it. We believe different shore connection applications will ultimately play a big role in decarbonizing the marine and ports industries. ABB will present to the audience a case example of Port of Toulon, one of ABB’s project deliveries, which is utilizing energy storage as part of shore connection.

14:25 What kind of options do ports have in their carbon neutrality journey?

Laurent Dupuis, VP Global Product Manager Ports & Maritime, Cavotec

In this presentation, Cavotec will compare the emissions reduction potential of different solutions for several ports and terminal types (cruise, ferries, container) to shed some light on how ports can create the best journey towards carbon neutrality.

14:40 Reliability and availability return of experience, from years of power conversion in Vessel Electrical Conversion systems, and Oil and Gas systems. Alex Lagarde. Conversion’s Energy Conversion Expert & Business Development Manager, GE Power

This presentation will explore reliability aspects of large power converter (range between 5MVA and 20MVA), based on more than 30 years of return of experience on critical electrical systems.

15:10 Questions & Answers

Session 3.1 Port Endeavour

15:50 Faciliator: Antonis Michail, Technical Director, International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH)

Port Endeavor draws on real life examples from the 200+ strong IAPH World Ports Sustainability Program (WPSP) database of projects and best practices on how ports integrate the UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) into their business models and operations. The aim of the game is to increase awareness among port management, staff and professionals working in port communities on how ports are already applying the UN Sustainable Development Goals to their business, to ultimately accelerate adoption of these measures in the port sector.

14:10 Bruno Vale, General Manager, YILPORT LISCONT

14:25 Energy Recovery & Storage for Ports –Where Energy Supply Meets Demand

Justin Hollingsworth, Business Development Manager, TMEIC

Energy storage systems (ESS) are a great asset when transitioning to renewable energy sources, and they also play a role in strengthening and managing demand on a local grid. This presentation will consider the benefits of ESS within a port and the use cases of distributed energy recovery and centralized energy storage.

14:40 - H2PORTS Project: A First Operational Experience

Using Hydrogen Powered Machinery at A Port Terminal

Aurelio Lazaro, R&D Engineer, Environmental Sustainability and Energy Transition, Fundación Valenciaport

This work will present the outcomes of the project that will include not only the feedback from this real operation experience but also the lessons learned during it development phase and the analysis of crosscutting aspects of the project such as legislation, replicability, market uptake and human awareness related with the use of hydrogen at ports.


- Question & Answers

Session 3.2 ESG - Environmental, Social and Corporate Governance Workshop

15:50 Workshop facilitator: Christopher Wooldridge (Cardiff University - UK)

The workshop will investigate: What are the benefits and value of ESG approach, How do you initiate ESG into your port’s management framework, How do you identify key components, how does it enhance decision-making and what are the links with sustainability?

17:20- Day 1 Round up - Christopher Wooldridge

17:30 Conference Close


Session 2.1 – Shore Power
– Infrastructure Development for Ports
& Networking
15:30 Coffee
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DAY TWO - Thursday 19th October 2023

08:30 Coffee and registration

09:00 Opening by Chairman/Moderator

Christopher Wooldridge, Science Coordinator EcoPorts EcoSLC, and Visiting Research Fellow, Cardiff University, UK

09:10 EXCLUSIVE LAUNCH - ESPO Environmental Report

Valter Selén, Senior Policy Advisor Sustainable Development, Cruise and Ferry Network, EcoPorts Coordinator - ESPO

09:30 EXCLUSIVE LAUNCH - ECO SLC Environmental Report

Christopher Wooldridge, Science Coordinator EcoPorts EcoSLC, and Visiting Research Fellow, Cardiff University, UK

09:50 Ms. Lamia Kerdjoudj, Secretary General, FEPORT

10:30 Coffee & Networking

5.1 Port Endeavour

10:50 Faciliator: Antonis Michail, Technical Director, International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH)

Port Endeavor draws on real life examples from the 200+ strong IAPH World Ports Sustainability Program (WPSP database of projects and best practices on how ports integrate the UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) into their business models and operations. The aim of the exercise is to increase awareness among port management, staff and professionals working in port communities on how ports are already applying the UN Sustainable Development Goals to their business, to ultimately accelerate adoption of these measures in the port sector

Session 5.2 Offshore Renewables & Alternative Energies

10.50 Methanol as a Marine Fuel?

NABU study by Öko-Institut (Institute for Applied Ecology)

Malte Siegert, Head of Environmental Policy, Naturschutzbund Deutschland (NABU / Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union)

NABU will present the major findings of the study “Methanol as a Marine Fuel” highlighting especially the environmental benefits of e-methanol.

11.05 EALING (European Flagship Action for Cold Ironing in Ports) Project

Rocío García Molina, Innovation & Port Cluster Development, Fundación Valenciaport

EALING (European Flagship Action for Cold Ironing in Ports) is a 42-month project, co-funded by the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), which, in addition to carrying out all the technical, environmental, socio economic and financial studies necessary to prepare the works for the installation of shore-side electricity in 16 ports from 8 EU Member States, aims to work towards a harmonised and interoperable framework in the EU.


Question & Answer Session
12:20 Lunch & Networking Book Online at or fax form to +44 1329 550192 For further information please call +44 1329 825335 or email

13:40 European Maritime Safety Agency

13:55 Generating hydrocarbon products from maritime waste: Ecoslops’ experience on profitable circular economy within ports.

Vincent Favier,CEO, Ecoslops

Ecoslops is an innovative cleantech that brings oil into circular economy. Our solutions have been developed to help ports manage their waste in a more efficient and environmentally friendly way. Our technology allows the recycling of oil residues from ships, as well as land-based hydrocarbon residues (yc used lub oil) that are often considered hazardous and difficult to dispose of

14:10 Target Zero: Zero Waste to Landfill at the Port of Dover Ben Crake, Environment Advisor, Port of Dover

14:40 Question & Answer Session

13:40 Ruben Eiras, Secretary-General, Fórum OceanoPortugal Blue Economy Cluster

13:55 Tiago Fernandes, Head of Logistics, Port of Lisbon Authority

14:10 Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Improving Port Waste Management in the Philippines

Emeline Pluchon, WWF-Norway, Senior Advisor WWF will present the solutions conducted with the port and city authorities, such as the development of a materials recovery facility in the port of Cagayan de Oro, the collection and recycling of plastic waste in the ports of Manila North Port and Batangas, and will share how activities with other stakeholders in the port area have been developed collaboratively to ensure their sustainability.

14:40 Question & Answer Session

15:00 Coffee & Networking

Session 7: Digitalization and Technology

15:30 S5 Agency World

15:45 Moving on the Mersey – a localised approach for technology deployment to deliver emission reductions in leisure, freight, and passenger transport.

Richard Willis,Technical Director Port Operations & Technology, RoyalHaskoningDHV

Working together with local stakeholders across the maritime sector in the Liverpool City Region we studied where the use of river-centric transport modes blended with low-carbon technologies could transform both the under-used waterways in the city and reduce impact of air quality upon the residents.

16:00 Concrete use cases and experiences in utilising data analytics, AI and simulation to increase productivity, sustainability and safety

Miika Murremäki, Head of Digital Solutions, Kalmar

By leveraging analytics, AI, and simulation, cargo handling equipment experts can help ports to increase productivity, sustainability and safety. This can ultimately help ports to remain competitive in a rapidly changing industry. Kalmar will present on the main use cases

16:15 LSYM Port Simulators developed by the University of Valencia

Pablo Galán, Head of Business Development, e-nquest

Our mission is to accelerate the port industry’s transition to digitalized training. We develop training systems with simulators, capable of reproducing the working environment of real machinery used at the terminals like quay cranes, mobile harbor cranes and vehicles like heavy forklifts or reach stackers among others

16:30 Question & Answer Session

16:50 Conference Wrap up by Conference Chairman/Moderator – Christopher Wooldridge

17:00 Conference Close

Friday 20th October 2023 - PORT TOUR OF LISBON

Session 6.1: Waste Management and Circular Economy Session 6.2: Blue Growth
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Conference Fee

Cost per delegate (standard rate)

• Cruise – One Day event €1,100

• Cruise & Congress – €2,160

Booking Online or complete and fax the booking form below to +44 1329 550192. On receipt of your registration, you will be sent confirmation of your delegate place

Cruise Fee Includes

Attendance of Cruise conference streams on day 1, full documentation in electronic format, lunch and refreshments, place at the Welcome Reception and place at the Conference Dinner.

Cruise and Congress combined Fee Includes Choice of conference streams for GreenPort Cruise on day 1, two day conference attendance at GreenPort Congress, full documentation in electronic format, lunch and refreshments throughout, place at the Welcome Reception, place at the Conference Dinner, place at the Port Tour.


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Unprecedented challenges call for new solutions and that’s where artificial intelligence (AI) comes

in, writes


, CEO for the UK and EMEA, Innovez One

Ports are experiencing one of the most fundamental transformations of a generation, as they strive to reduce their own emissions and support decarbonisation across broader supply chains.

The scale of the challenge could be matched by the growing potential of a new ally in the journey: artificial intelligence (AI). But is AI really ready for action in critical infrastructure like ports?

Changed world

AI is revolutionising the way we work, create and trade. Its fast-evolving capabilities are already transforming a wide range of economic sectors, including finance, e-commerce, healthcare and even agriculture. A world where AI is used to diagnose diseases, discover new drugs, detect fraud and recommend planting schedules for crops isn’t sciencefiction anymore.

Meanwhile, AI has also embedded itself in our daily lives, powering translation tools, virtual assistants, and determining what appears on our streaming platforms and social media feeds. In fact, the global AI software market is expected to reach US$22.6 billion by 2025.

For the maritime sector, and ports in particular, the AI revolution comes at what is already a time of radical transformation. As the world responds to the climate crisis, shipping is facing growing pressure from regulators, investors and markets to decarbonise.

Inevitably, ports will be critical enablers and facilitators for that transition, through the provision of alternative fuels and onshore electricity, but also by helping visiting vessels reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in the critical “first and last mile” of their voyage at sea.

In short, ports will be the backbone of sustainable shipping. They must play new roles, while also continuing to improve commercially in an unpredictable market.

This is a complex endeavour, and one that requires action on multiple levels, from infrastructure decisions to rethinking port operations. For many in our industry, this brings a fundamental question: could artificial intelligence support ports through the sustainability transition?

The answer is: it already does. Pioneer ports from Asia to Europe are using AI to boost their efficiency, decarbonise their activities, and facilitate emissions reductions for visiting ships and across supply chains more broadly. Here’s how.

Smarter operations

One area where artificial intelligence is already making a tangible impact today is by helping automate and optimise port, tug and pilotage operations. In particular, machine learning, a subset of AI which enables software to “learn” from data without being explicitly programmed, can improve the efficiency and reduce the carbon footprint of these operations. This is already delivering tangible results in ports from Portsmouth to Tanjung Pelepas and Singapore.

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 31
8 MarineM was deployed in the Port of Tanjung Pelepas in 2018 Credit: Innovez One

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How does this work in practice? In a nutshell, our MarineM algorithm “learns” from a port’s past experience to predict the duration of each upcoming tug and pilotage job, based on which it assigns resources in the most efficient way possible.

In technical terms, we input data on different features of a ship’s visit, such as the vessel’s type, size, location, destination berth and the types of jobs required. This is fed to the model alongside port-specific parameters like tidal restrictions. We then use regression algorithms to get MarineM to predict the duration of each job.

As a second step, the algorithm uses the predicted duration of all jobs to deploy resources in the most efficient way possible.

Where spreadsheets and whiteboards fall short, algorithms powered by machine learning can solve complex puzzles and calculate optimal resource allocation – taking into account additional constraints such as the need to assign pilots to specific vessel types and sizes depending on their licence, the types and number of tugboats required for each job and the shuttles needed to take the pilots to the correct boarding grounds.

Tailored solutions

This optimised scheduling is crucial to ensure that all the moving pieces fall into place seamlessly to welcome ships exactly when they arrive – which has tangible impacts on idling times for visiting ships, congestion, and the port’s overall emissions.

For example, in Tanjung Priok, the 22nd busiest port in the world, MarineM has reduced the overall distance travelled during tug and pilot operations by 20% and continues to save US$155,000 in fuel costs annually. Implementing AI also slashed average waiting times for visiting ships, from 2.4 hours to around just 30 minutes. Not only did the port see tangible benefits in reduced port congestion, it was also fiscally smart as the pay back was a mere six months.

MarineM can start delivering accurate predictions quickly after its installation. Data on port movements collected in the first three months after the installation, together with historical data if available, is enough to give the algorithm a representative picture of the types of jobs and vessels it will encounter, as well as the ports’ typical operations.

Crucially, the algorithm learns constantly as new data comes in, meaning that it will continue to sharpen its accuracy with time. As a result, the scheduling solutions offered will be unique and tailored to each port, as the algorithm has been trained on their specific dataset and learnt about their particular operations and constraints. This is something that simply wouldn’t be possible without machine learning.

Untapped potential

Moving forward, we can imagine a future where the power of AI will be expanded to more areas of port operations. For instance, machine learning has the potential to help optimise berth management, to ensure that ships are allocated to the right berth at the right time.

Berth allocation is a complex puzzle with numerous constraints, such as the vessel size and type, tidal restrictions, the availability of cranes, and the need for offshore power. Algorithms powered by machine learning could learn from a ports’ data to solve these puzzles seamlessly.

The puzzle is likely to become even more complex moving forward, as vessels will be powered by different fuels and technologies, making their needs for port services more specific. Getting this equation right will be critical to a port’s performance, helping them be better prepared for the multifuel future ahead.

Another potential application of AI is the monitoring of port congestion. Algorithms could be trained to assess and predict levels of congestion from aerial images. This could help ports identify critical situations and take early action to ease congestion before it spirals.

Machine learning could also help predict actual vessel arrival times more accurately, supporting “just in time” initiatives that can significantly cut idling times for visiting vessels. Combined with congestion predictions, this could be used to advise ships to slow down and delay their arrivals, which would help reduce congestion and potentially their emissions –supporting smarter and more sustainable shipping.

Reliable results

With artificial intelligence, there are truly “horses for courses”. Using machine learning is a means, not an end, and different algorithms and techniques will be more appropriate depending on the problem to solve.

This was highlighted by the recent debates around the launch of ChatGPT, a chatbot that uses deep learning to simulate human conversation. While the chatbot has impressed with its ability to answer questions, write songs, emails and poems, it also proved fallible, with some blatant factual or logical mistakes.

This experience has emphasised a fundamental point when using AI in maritime: With ports and shipping operations, there is no room for error. As opposed to conversation algorithms, we can’t experiment with ports’ safety and efficiency. Algorithms must be developed accordingly, and this is why training methods for MarineM are totally different to that powering chatbots.

With port operations, we can be objective, and we teach MarineM what a good answer looks like using clear parameters and a carefully curated dataset. This supervised learning helps guarantee that the system will not come up with unrealistic or off-track solutions.

No port is too small

Different ports will also benefit from AI differently. The more complex a port in terms of number of visits or types of activities, the more direct benefits it is likely to get from machine learning. However, smaller ports too can benefit from automated data capture, reporting and billing processes. Moreover, having a more accurate estimation of vessels’ ETAs would help all ports plan and allocate resources e their size.

In decades to come, AI will increasingly be used on the ship side to optimise voyages and make vessels more autonomous. Enhanced integration, port and vessel systems can communicate seamlessly, will be essential to harness the full potential of AI and deliver even more e both at sea and during port stays.

As would all and sources efficiently, whatever des to come, AI y be used on the mise more ntegration, to ensure that vessel can ate will be

o harness the full potential eliver fficiencies, and stays

Pioneer ports from Asia to Europe are using AI to boost their efficiency, decarbonise their activities, and facilitate emissions reductions for visiting ships and across supply chains more broadly
Credit: Innovez One
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8 Grant Ingram, CEO for the UK and EMEA, Innovez One

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Europe has been focusing on its Green Deal ambition to make it the first net zero continent and this includes concrete green measures as defined in the Fit for 55 package, writes

The EU wants to be a leading player in the industries of the future. But, let’s be clear, it is the US Inflation Reduction Act, the US green subsidy, tax incentive and domestic manufacturing requirements initiative, that has been the real wake up call for Europe to come with a net-zero industrial plan.

The four pillars of the EU response to the US IRA are a predictable and simplified regulatory environment, faster access to sufficient funding, skills and open trade for resilient supply chains.

This plan has been further worked out into two concrete Acts: the Net Zero Industry Act and the Critical Raw Material Act, two Commission proposals that have been published on the 16 March 2023.

Even if it is far too early when writing this column to make a thorough assessment of the proposals, I will try to briefly outline some of the most relevant proposals and some first thoughts.

The Act

The Net Zero Industry Act, as proposed by the Commission, sets an overall benchmark of at least 40% of net-zero technologies needed for reaching the 2030 climate and energy targets to be manufactured in the EU by 2030.

Onshore wind and offshore renewable technologies, battery/storage technologies, electrolysers and fuel cells, sustainable biogas/biomethane technologies, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies and grid technologies are named as strategic net-zero technologies.

To boost the production of new technologies in Europe, the Act is making concrete proposals to ease the permitting of net-zero resilience projects.

The Member States are obliged to respect certain time limits for granting permits for certain projects, ranging between 9 and 18 months. Member States can recognise “net-zero strategic projects”. These should then receive the status of the highest national significance possible.

The proposal is also putting forward an “annual injection capacity of at least 50 million tonnes of CO2” in storage sites located in the EU by 2030. Member States may also establish net-zero regulatory sandboxes, allowing for the development, testing and validation of innovative net-zero technologies, in a controlled real-world environment for a limited time before their placement on the market or putting into service.

Moreover, the Commission calls for an extension and acceleration of access to funding by “mobilising” public and private investments for the net-zero industry. As part of this, the Commission is looking again at the revenues of the Emission Trading System.

Revenues of ETS (remember that shipping is soon to be part of this) should now also be used by Member States to fund net-zero industry projects. Additionally, the Commission has put concrete initiatives on the table to relax the state aid guidelines. Following this, Member States will temporarily


(until 2025) have the possibility to subsidise more easily certain specific projects, without having to notify the Commission.

Finally, the Commission is yet to come forward with a proposal for a Sovereignty Fund. It is however not clear how important this Fund will be and how it will actually be funded.

Next to the Net-Zero Industry Act, the Commission issued on 16 March a proposal for a Critical Raw Material Act. Following this proposal, the Union should by 2030 extract at least 10% of what they need in terms of critical raw materials and get 15% of the needs out of recycling.

What next?

While it is too early to make a full analysis of these proposals, it is clear that these proposals are important initiatives for Europe’s ports. It remains to be seen whether the response of the EU contains the right elements to counter the risk of deindustrialisation of Europe and to limit the potential hinder that can be caused by the US for exports coming from the EU.

Whereas the intention of the different permitting ease proposals now on the EU table are to be supported and are instrumental for those ports in Europe that want to develop and be a player in the net-zero economy, it is unclear to what extent they will effectively lead to success.

Finally, it seems that on the financing side, a lot is left to the Member States who can decide to give state aid or not. This could lead to a lot of unlevel playing field between ports in countries which have money to distribute and those who do not.

In any case, ESPO will be discussing these issues at its next Annual Conference in Bremen on 1 and 2 June.

8 The Net Zero Industry Act sets an overall benchmark of at least 40% of netzero technologies needed for reaching the 2030 climate and energy targets to be manufactured in the EU by 2030

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 35
Credit: Christophe Licoppe/European Union 2023



A.P. Moller-Maersk has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Shanghai International Port Group (SIPG) to develop a methanol marine fuel project.

The two parties will join hands to explore green methanol fuel vessel-to-vessel bunkering operation after Maersk’s newbuild green methanol container vessels are delivered in 2024.

”Collaborating with ports globally to build green fuel bunkering infrastructures is necessary to service methanol vessels. It is an important step as Maersk strives to lead the decarbonisation of end-to-end supply chains and make a meaningful environmental impact in this decade,” said Vincent Clerc, CEO of A.P. Moller-Maersk.

”Through joint efforts, we can provide low-carbon logistics service for our customers, also contributing to China’s pledge to be carbon neutral by 2060. Meanwhile, we also endeavour to cultivate synergies with SIPG and fuel manufacturers to optimize fuel infrastructure efficiencies.

Maersk has set a net-zero emissions target for 2040 across

Samskip is venturing into green shipping services by contracting its first zero emission short sea container feeder vessels.

The two green hydrogen powered vessels called ‘SeaShuttles’ will provide service to west European routes and once commissioned, will be among the first of their kind to be fuelled by green hydrogen.

“This endeavour is another of Samskip’s initiatives that is an important step towards reaching our sustainability targets outlined in our latest sustainability report and will support our goal of reaching Net-Zero by 2040,” said Kari-Pekka Laaksonen, CEO, Samskip Group.

“We have continuously practiced what we preached because sustainability is in our DNA and we are invested in the future; the future for green logistics, our planet, our economy and in the next

the entire business and the delivery and operation of its 19 vessels with dual-fuel engines able to operate on green methanol will accelerate the evolution of climate neutral shipping.

Therefore, establishing port bunkering infrastructure for methanol is imperative and critical to achieving this goal.

For SIP, the agreement will also support the aspiration of Shanghai Port to become one of the world’s first commercial green methanol refuelling points and as a regional green methanol fuel bunkering centre.

Maersk and SIPG will deepen

8 Shanghai Port is looking to become one of the world’s first commercial green methanol refuelling points

cooperation in stages. In the first phase, SIPG, as Maersk’s potential energy bunkering service provider, will carry out services of vessel-to-vessel bunkering and fuel tank storage at port.

In the potential second stage, the parties will explore how to form an all-round energy strategic partnership to promote the extension from bunkering services to the upstream of the green methanol industry chain.


vessel is expected to achieve around 25,000 tonnes of CO2 reduction per year. They will achieve zero emission operations in ports as well by using green shore power.

Bremerhaven cuts ‘last mile’ emissions

Shunt trains in the Bremerhaven are now running solely on Hydro-treated Vegetable Oil (HVO), instead of diesel, making last-mile transport significantly cleaner. The conversion has made possible by a joint project called “Climate and emission protection on the last mile in rail freight transport”, which was set up with the participation of the Bremen Senator for Science and Ports, DB Energie GmbH and the shunting service providers DB Cargo AG and evb.

France ramps up with biofuels

Haropa Port has teamed up with a petroleum products company to set up a specific biofuels logistics chain and ramp up capacity along the Seine Axis. Société de Gestion de Produits Pétroliers (SOGEPP) is looking to provide a competitive, decarbonised solution for carrying energy products which have, until now, mainly been transported by road.

Green methanol bunker barge

8 In zero emission mode, each vessel is expected to achieve around 25,000 tonnes of CO2 reduction per year

generation of seafarers and we are certain that this project will be a game changer.”

Forward thinking

This is another in Samskip’s long list of ambitious green projects as it works closely together with ENOVA, the Norwegian Government green funding program aimed at adopting emission-free transport solutions. In zero emission mode, each

The vessels have been designed by Naval Dynamics AS and will be built by Indian shipyard Cochin Shipyard Ltd.

”The two vessel order is a milestone project for all parties involved as this is a true zero emission hydrogen fuel cell powered vessel,” said Madhu Nair, chairman of Cochin Shipyard.

”We look forward to advancing this step change project after years of design and engineering, and now a true multi-megawatt fuel cell vessel series will allow sustainable and effective sea freight operations.”

Dutch fuel producer OCI has joined forces with barge operator Unibarge to develop ‘Europe’s first’ dual-fuel bunker barge powered by green methanol. The barge, being deployed at the Port of Rotterdam in 2024, will apparently be the first green inland waterway craft in Europe to also serve as a methanol bunker delivery vessel both delivering and operating on green methanol. The barge retrofit project will be managed by Unibarge. OCI will take the barge on a long-term time charter.

For the latest news and analysis go to SPRING 2023 | 37
Photo: SIPG Photo: Samskip

Ramboll Group A/S

Port and marine projects are often highly complex, and their planning and design requires a wide range of competences. Ramboll is a leading provider of independent consultancy services across the spectrum of port planning and design, marine structures and coastal engineering.

20 Harbour Drive, #02-01

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Royal Haskoning DHV

Royal HaskoningDHV is an independent consultancy which integrates 140 years of engineering expertise with digital technologies and software solutions, specialising in the planning and design of marine facilities, ports, terminals and shipyards.

Level 3, 2 Market Street Newcastle, NSW 2300 Australia +61 2 4926 9500


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Taylor Machine Works designs, engineers, and manufactures more than 100 models of industrial lift equipment with lift capacities from ,000-lbs. to 125,000-lbs.

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Cruise Lines International Association Australasia

Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA) is the world’s largest cruise association and is dedicated to the promotion and growth of the cruise industry. CLIA is composed of more than 60 of the world’s major cruise lines.

Suite 1 Level 9 132 Arthur Street North Sydney NSW 2060 Australia

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The world specialist in Power and Data Transfer Systems, Mobile Electrification, and Crane Electrification Solutions. We Keep Your Vital Business Moving!

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Siemens AG

Siemens AG (Berlin and Munich) is a global technology powerhouse that has stood for engineering excellence, innovation, quality, reliability and internationality for more than 170 years. The company is active around the globe, focusing on the areas of electrification, automation and digitalization.

Mozartstr. 31C, 91052 Erlangen, Germany +49 180 524 70 00

ELME Spreader AB

ELME Spreader, world’s leading independent spreader manufacturer supports companies worldwide with container handling solutions that makes work easier and more profitable. Over 21,000 spreaders have been attached to lift trucks, reach stackers, straddle carriers and cranes.

Stalgatan 6 , PO Box 174 SE 343 22, Almhult, Sweden

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Hammar Maskin AB

Hammar Maskin AB is developing, manufacturing and marketing Sideloaders, also known as Sidelifters, Swinglifters or Self loading trailers, under the brand name HAMMAR™.

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Since 1833, we have been delivering safe, reliable and cost efficient towage and marine solution services where needed. At Svitzer, we put safety first and our customers at the heart of everything we do. Solving needs and pain points for customer, ports and marine communities is our core passion. Level 1, 7 Cooper Street Balmain 2041, Australia +61 2 4926 9500

Fundación Valenciaport is an Applied Research, Innovation & Training centre providing services to the port and logistics cluster. This initiative of the Port Authority of Valencia has enjoyed the collaboration of notable businesses, universities and institutions from the port community.

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Hyster Europe

“Strong Partners Tough Trucks”Hyster is the leading global supplier of materials handling equipment, from 1t warehouse trucks to 52t container handlers. With a network of independent, experienced dealers providing sales & service support worldwide, Hyster delivers tailored, innovative, cost-effective solutions for a vast range of demanding applications.

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