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‫‪SAP2000-V11‬‬‫‪Structure Analysis Program‬‬ ‫* هﻮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻻﻧﺸﺎﺋﻰ ﻟﻜﺎﻓﺔ اﻧﻮاع اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎت ‪.‬‬

‫‪Non-Skeletal structure‬‬ ‫هﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ آﺒﻴﺮﻳﻦ‬‫واﻟﺒﻌﺪ اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ اﻟﻌﻤﻮدي ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻳﻜﻮن ﺻﻐﻴﺮ‪.‬‬

‫‪Skeletal structure‬‬ ‫ هﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎت اﻟﻌﺼﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﺻﻐﻴﺮﻳﻦ‬‫واﻟﺒﻌﺪ اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ اﻟﻌﻤﻮدي ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻳﻜﻮن آﺒﻴﺮ‪.‬‬

‫‪EX:- Slab – Raft – Tanks - Tunnle‬‬‫‪EX:- Beam – Frames – Trusses‬‬‫وﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻠﻬﻢ داﺧﻞ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ‪Area‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻠﻬﻢ داﺧﻞ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ‪Frame Element‬‬ ‫‪ Element‬وﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ ال )‪ (X-Y Plan‬وﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻲ ال) ‪(X-Z Plan‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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‫* اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﺤﻞ أي ﻣﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ﻓﻲ اﻻﺗﺠﺎهﻴﻦ ‪. X & Y‬‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ‪-:‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ذﻟﻚ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺘﻴﻦ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﻻوﻟﻲ‪ -:‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع )اﺳﻤﻪ – اﺑﻌﺎدﻩ – ﻧﻮع اﻟﻤﺎدﻩ (‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﻪ‪-:‬ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ﻟﻠﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ وﻳﺘﻢ ذﻟﻚ اﺛﻨﺎء اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪.‬‬

‫‪ -3‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ﺑﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮﻩ اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﺳﻮاء آﺎن ‪Beams – Slabs – Columns‬‬

‫‪ -4‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة ﺳﻮاء آﺎﻧﺖ اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪:‬‬ ‫‪Point load – Uniform load – Surface load‬‬

‫‪ -5‬اﻟﺤﻞ وإﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺤﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ﻟﺤﺴﺎب ال ‪ Straining Actions‬وﻳﻘﻮم ﺑﻌﺪ ذﻟﻚ ﺑﺈﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪.‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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‫اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻪ ﻟﻠﺪﺧﻮل ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ال ‪ Short Cut‬ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Sap2000.lnk‬‬

‫‪ -2‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻻواﻣﺮ ‪-:‬‬

‫•‪New Model‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ اﻟﻮﺣﺪات‬

‫‪File‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬

‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪X‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Y‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Z‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪X‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Y‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Z‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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‫* ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﻪ ﻟﻠﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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-: ‫ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬ . ‫ ( ﻳﻤﻴﻦ‬Click) ‫ اﻟﻮﻗﻮف ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ وﻋﻤﻞ‬-1 *Edit Grid Data

Modify/Show System

‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﻈﺎم اﺣﺪاﺛﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬

‫ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ﺗﺮاآﻤﻴﺔ‬

-: ‫ او ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻻواﻣﺮ‬-2 * Define 8

Coordinate System / Grid

Modify/Show System

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


Analysis Of Skeletal Structure 1- Analysis Of Beams

For the given beam :-

-: ‫ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬-1

9

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


-: ‫ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬-2 * Define Of Beam Section :Define

Frame Sections

Add New Property

(Concrete)‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬

‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮاص اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺳﺎﻧﻪ‬ -: ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﺑﻌﺎد اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬

-: ‫ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ‬3 Frame Element Draw 10

Draw Frame\cable\tendom Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

Quick Frame


‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﺳﺘﺪﻋﺎء اﻻﻣﺮ ‪ -:‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻻﺗﻴﻪ‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﺢ‬

‫اﺳﻢ ﻗﻄﺎع اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ اﻟﻌﺰوم‬ ‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪ :Supports‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪ Support‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬‫‪Restraints‬‬

‫‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺪﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Free Support‬‬

‫‪Fixed Support‬‬ ‫‪Hinged Support‬‬

‫‪Roller Support‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪11‬‬


‫‪-4‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Distributed‬‬

‫‪For Uniform Distributed Load :‬‬‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺣﺪات‬

‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ)اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺠﺎذﺑﻴﻪ(‬

‫ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪For Triangular Distributed Load :‬‬‫‪Distributed‬‬

‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪12‬‬


‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺣﺪات‬

‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ)اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺠﺎذﺑﻴﻪ(‬

‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﺜﻠﺜﻲ‬

‫ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﺜﻠﺜﻲ‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﻲ‬

‫ادﺧﺎل ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻮال‬

‫اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻮزع = ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﺜﻠﺜﻲ‬ ‫‪For Point Load :‬‬‫‪Point‬‬

‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ)اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺠﺎذﺑﻴﻪ(‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻻول ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺜﻠﺚ اﻻول ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺎآﻴﺔ‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺜﻠﺚ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺎآﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎت هﺎﻣﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ‪ Set Element‬ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ اﺧﺮاج اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻻﻟﻮان ﻋﻠﻲ ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ﻣﺠﺴﻢ‬

‫‪Set Display Options‬‬

‫‪View‬‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ال‪Joint‬‬

‫ﻟﻮن اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﺑﻴﺾ واﺳﻮد‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال‪Joint‬‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ال‪Area‬‬

‫‪ -2‬ﻻﻇﻬﺎر آﻞ اﻻﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﻤﺨﻔﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ﻋﻠﻲ ال‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Joint‬‬ ‫‪Show Load Assigns‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬

‫‪Display‬‬

‫‪Frame‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪14‬‬


‫‪ -5‬اﻟﺤﻞ ‪ )-:‬ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ال ‪( DOF‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪Plane Frame‬‬

‫‪Set Analysis options‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Analyze‬‬

‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﻞ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪or F5 or‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

‫‪Run Analysis‬‬

‫‪Analyze‬‬

‫‪ Run Now‬ﻟﻴﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻞ ‪.‬‬

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫* اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪1-Deformed Shape :‬‬‫‪Show Deformed Shape‬‬ ‫) او اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪( F6‬‬

‫‪Display‬‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ اﻻﺻﻠﻲ‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﺤﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪15‬‬


‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻌﺰوم وﻗﻮي اﻟﻘﺺ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال ‪Reactions‬‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات‬

‫‪Joints‬‬ ‫‪Frames/Cables‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال ‪ Reactions‬ﻟﻠﺮآﺎﺋﺰ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Straining Actions :-‬‬

‫‪Show Forces/Stresses‬‬

‫‪Display‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫ﻟﻌﻜﺲ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ال‪Shear‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺰوم‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻘﻮي اﻟﻤﺤﻮرﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻗﻮي اﻟﻘﺺ‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻌﺰوم‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Axial Force‬‬ ‫‪Shear 2 - 2‬‬ ‫‪Moment 3-3‬‬ ‫‪16‬‬


‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎت هﺎﻣﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ – 1‬اﻟﻐﺎء وزن اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﺤﻪ‬

‫‪Load Cases‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ال ‪ 1‬اﻟﻲ ﺻﻔﺮ واﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫‪Modify Load‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻘﻮم ﺑﺈﻟﻐﺎء اﻟﻮزن‬ ‫‪ – 2‬ﻋﻤﻞ رآﻴﺰة ﻣﺎﺋﻠﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺮآﻴﺰة‬ ‫‪Assign‬‬ ‫‪Joint‬‬ ‫‪Local Axis‬‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل زاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﻴﻞ)ﺣﻮل ال ‪( Y-Axis‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﺷﺎرة زاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﻴﻞ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﻴﺪ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻲ )ﻣﻊ ﻋﻘﺎرب اﻟﺴﺎﻋﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ وﻋﻜﺲ ﻋﻘﺎرب اﻟﺴﺎﻋﻪ ﺳﺎﻟﺐ (‬ ‫‪ – 3‬ادﺧﺎل ال ‪-: Spring‬‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ال ‪K‬‬

‫‪Springs‬‬

‫‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪Joint‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ال ‪ K‬ﻟﻞ ‪ Spring‬ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ‪Translation 3‬‬ ‫‪ – 3‬ﺣﺪوث هﺒﻮط ﻟﺮآﻴﺰة ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Displacement‬‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﻬﺒﻮط‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﻬﺒﻮط ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺎﻟﺐ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Global Z‬‬

‫‪Joint Loads‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺮآﻴﺰة‬ ‫‪17‬‬


‫‪Temperature Effect :‬‬‫‪For Frame Element :‬‬‫‪Temperature‬‬ ‫ﺣﺮارة ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺮارﻩ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة‬

‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ‬

‫اذا آﺎﻧﺖ درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ﺳﺎﻟﺒﺔ ) اﻧﻜﻤﺎش(‬ ‫اذا آﺎﻧﺖ درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺔ )ﺗﻤﺪد(‬

‫‪For Shell Element :‬‬‫)‪Temperature (All‬‬

‫‪Area Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ‬

‫ﺣﺮارة ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺮارة ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة‬

‫اذا آﺎﻧﺖ درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ﺳﺎﻟﺒﺔ ) اﻧﻜﻤﺎش(‬ ‫اذا آﺎﻧﺖ درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺔ )ﺗﻤﺪد(‬

‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ان درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ﺗﻜﻮن ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﻤﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻣﻌﺎدﻟﺔ ﻟﺪرﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺿﻐﻂ اﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪18‬‬


2- Analysis Of Frames

X = 0 , 6 , 11 , 14 Y=0 Z=0,4,7

For Column Section :Define

Frame Sections ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬

-: ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ Column Section

19

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

-: ‫ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬-1

-: ‫ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬-2 Add New Property


‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع)‪(Steel‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬

‫)‪For Beam Section :- (T-Section‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬

‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع ‪-:‬‬

‫اﻟﻀﻐﻂ هﻨﺎ )ﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺎدﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻩ (‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪20‬‬


‫‪ -3‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Frame Element‬‬ ‫ﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ اﻟﻤﺎﺋﻞ‬

‫‪Draw Frame\cable\tendom‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫‪Quick Frame‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ وﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﺳﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع اﻟﻤﺮاد اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪:Supports‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪ Support‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Restraints‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫‪Joint‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺪﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬

‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻧﻮع اﻟﺪﻋﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﺳﻮاء آﺎن ‪Fixed & Hinge & Roller‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪For Triangular Distributed Load :‬‬‫‪Distributed‬‬

‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ) ﺻﻔﺮ ( ﻓﻲ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﻟﻜﻤﺮا و ) ‪ ( 3‬ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ اﻟﻜﻤﺮا و ) ﺻﻔﺮ ( ﻓﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬ ‫‪For Uniform Distributed Load :‬‬‫‪Distributed‬‬

‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪21‬‬


‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫اﻟﻮﺣﺪات‬

‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ)اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺠﺎذﺑﻴﻪ(‬ ‫ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻮزع‬

‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻮزع‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻮال‬

‫ادﺧﺎل ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ان اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻮزع‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ آﺎﻣﻞ ﻃﻮل اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ‬ ‫‪Forces‬‬

‫‪Joint Loads‬‬

‫‪For Joint Load 4 ton:‬‬‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال‪Joint‬‬ ‫‪Assign‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪ X-Axis‬ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻮﺟﺐ‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪22‬‬


‫‪For Point Load 5 ton:‬‬‫‪Point‬‬

‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل اﺣﻤﺎل‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻲ‬ ‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‪Axis 2‬‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪Local Axis‬‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻋﺰوم‬ ‫‪Point‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮر دوران اﻟﻌﺰم‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺰم‬

‫‪For Concentrated Moment 6 t.m:‬‬‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮا‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﺷﺎرة ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺰم ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﻴﺪ اﻟﻴﻤﻨﻲ‬ ‫)ﻣﻊ ﻋﻘﺎرب اﻟﺴﺎﻋﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ(‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪23‬‬


Analyze

-: ‫ اﻟﺤﻞ‬-6

Plane Frame ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

Set Analysis options

-: ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﻞ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬ Analyze

Run Analysis

or F5 or

. ‫ ﻟﻴﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻞ‬Run Now ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

1-Deformed Shape :-

-: ‫ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬-7

Display Show Deformed Shape 2-Straining Actions :Display

Show Forces/Stresses

( F6 ‫) او اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ‬ Joints

Frames/Cables ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات و اﻻﻋﻤﺪة‬

Shearing Forces

Bending Moment 24

Reactions ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال‬

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


3- Analysis Of Multi-Story Frames -: ‫ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬-1

X = 0 , 6 , 12 , 18 Y=0 Z=0,3 Define

25

Frame Sections

( ‫) ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺛﻼث ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

-: ‫ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬-2


‫‪ -3‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Frame Element‬‬ ‫‪Draw Frame\cable\tendom‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫‪Quick Frame‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ وﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﺳﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع اﻟﻤﺮاد اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪:Supports‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪ Support‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Restraints‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺪﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺪﻋﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ وهﻲ ‪Fixed‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻜﺮار ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪Replicate‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر آﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬

‫ﻃﺮﻗﺔ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر آﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺘﻜﺮار ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Z‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﺧﺮ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺗﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎرهﺎ‬

‫ﻋﺪد ﻣﺮات اﻟﺘﻜﺮار دون اﺧﺬ‬ ‫اﻻﺻﻞ ﻓﻲ اﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎر‬

‫اﻟﻐﺎء اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻂ ﺑﺎل ‪Mouse‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪26‬‬


-: ‫ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل‬-5 For Uniform Distributed Load :‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮات‬

Assign

Frame Loads

Distributed ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻞ اﻟﻤﻮزع‬

For Joint Load :Joint‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال‬

Analyze

Assign

Joint Loads Forces ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻼﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﻤﻮﺿﺢ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬

-: ‫ اﻟﺤﻞ‬-6

Plane Frame ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

Set Analysis options

-: ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﻞ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬ Analyze

Run Analysis

or F5 or

. ‫ ﻟﻴﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻞ‬Run Now ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

1-Deformed Shape :-

-: ‫ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬-7

Display Show Deformed Shape 2-Straining Actions :Display 27

Show Forces/Stresses

( F6 ‫) او اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ‬ Joints

Reactions ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال‬

Frames/Cables ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات و اﻻﻋﻤﺪة‬

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


4- Analysis Of Trusses -: ‫ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬-1

X = 0 , 9 , 18 Y=0 Z = 0 ,4 Double Angle 150x150x15 Define

Frame Sections

-: ‫ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬-2 -: ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬ Add New Property

( ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ )ﺗﺎﺑﻊ اﻟﺼﻔﺤﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ‬

28

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع)‪(Steel‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪ -3‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪1- Drawing Upper & Lower Chord :‬‬‫ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻻﻃﺎر اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻲ ﻟﻞ ‪Truss‬‬ ‫‪Draw Frame\cable\tendom‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﺳﺘﺪﻋﺎء اﻻﻣﺮ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﺳﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪29‬‬


‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Edit Lines‬‬

‫‪Divide Frames‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬ ‫)ﻣﺘﺴﺎوﻳﻪ(‬

‫‪2- Drawing Diagonal Members :‬‬‫وذﻟﻚ ﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﻟﻤﺎﺋﻠﺔ‬

‫‪Draw Frame\cable\tendom‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪ :Supports‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ال ‪ Support‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Restraints‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺪﻋﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬

‫‪Joint‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺪﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫‪30‬‬


‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻟﻠﻌﺰم ‪-:‬‬

‫)ﺣﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ اي ﻋﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ(‬

‫‪Releases\Partial Fixity‬‬

‫‪Frame\Cable\Tendom‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر آﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ هﺎﻣﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام هﺬا اﻻﺳﻠﻮب ﻟﺠﻌﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻨﺪ اي ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺗﺴﺎوي ﺻﻔﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام هﺬا اﻻﺳﻠﻮب ﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ ال‬ ‫‪ Intermediate Hinge‬ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎت‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮ اﻟﻌﺰم ‪M33‬‬

‫‪ -4‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬

‫‪For Joint Load :-‬‬

‫‪Joint Loads‬‬ ‫‪Forces‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪ Z‬ﺑﺎﺷﺎرﻩ ﺳﺎﻟﺒﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻟﻐﺎء وزن اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﻪ‬

‫‪Load Cases‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ال ‪ 1‬اﻟﻲ ﺻﻔﺮ واﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Modify Load‬ﻟﻴﻘﻮم ﺑﺈﻟﻐﺎء اﻟﻮزن‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪31‬‬


Analyze

-: ‫ اﻟﺤﻞ‬-5

Plane Frame ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

Set Analysis options

-: ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﻞ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬ Analyze

Run Analysis

or F5 or

. ‫ ﻟﻴﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻞ‬Run Now ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

1-Deformed Shape :Display

-: ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬

Show Deformed Shape

2-Straining Actions :Display

Show Forces/Stresses

( F6 ‫) او اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ‬ Joints

Frames/Cables ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات و اﻻﻋﻤﺪة‬

Eng.\ Ayman Abdel-Salam El-Zohiery Eng_A_Zohiery@yahoo.com

32

Reactions ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال‬

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪Design Using SAP2000‬‬ ‫‪Design Of Steel Sections:-‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺣﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ‪-: Truss‬‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر آﻮد اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ‪Design Code‬‬

‫‪Steel Frame Design‬‬

‫‪Start Design/Check Of Structure‬‬

‫‪Preferences‬‬

‫‪Steel Frame Design‬‬

‫‪1-Options‬‬ ‫‪2-Design‬‬

‫ﻳﺒﺪأ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﻞ وﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ اﻟﻮان اﺳﻔﻞ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ وﺗﺘﻠﻮن اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺄﻟﻮان ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻧﻬﺎ ‪ Safe‬او ﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬ ‫هﺬﻩ اﻻﻟﻮان ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Double Click‬ﻋﻠﻲ أي ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﻮﺗﺔ اﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Verify All Members Passed‬‬

‫‪Steel Frame Design‬‬

‫‪3-Design‬‬

‫اذا آﺎﻧﺖ آﻞ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﻣﻨﺔ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺆآﺪ ذﻟﻚ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪33‬‬


Beam Examples :-

34

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


Frame Examples :-

35

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


36

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


Truss Examples :-

37

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


Analysis Of Non-Skeletal Structure 1- Analysis of Solid Slab:For the given slab :For Slab:ts = 12 cm Solid For Beam:b = 25 cm

t = 60 cm

Live Load = 200 kg\m2 Covering = 150 kg\m2

-: ‫ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬-1 X = 0 , 5 , 10

Define 38

Y=0,4,8

Frame Sections

Z=0

-: ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬

(‫ )ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻜﻤﺮات‬-: ‫ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬-2 25*60 ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻄﺎع‬

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪ -‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ‪-:‬‬

‫)ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ(‬

‫‪Area Sections‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻗﻄﺎع ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬

‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬ ‫ﻟﻮن اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ‬

‫ﻧﻮع ﻣﺎدة اﻟﻘﻄﺎع‬

‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻗﻄﺎع ﻣﻮﺟﻮد‬

‫ﺗﺨﺎﻧﺔ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ‬

‫‪ -3‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Frame Element‬‬ ‫‪Draw Frame\cable\tendom‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫‪Quick Frame‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺎم اﻻﻧﺸﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪39‬‬


‫‪ -‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Draw poly area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ اآﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻧﻘﻂ‬ ‫‪Draw Rectangular Area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻧﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ‬

‫‪Quick draw Area‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫‪Quick Draw Area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ ﺑﻼﻃﻪ داﺧﻞ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ اﺳﺘﺪﻋﺎء اﻻﻣﺮ ‪ -:‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻻﺗﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﻢ ﻗﻄﺎع اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺎم اﻻﻧﺸﺎﺋﻲ‬

‫ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ‪-:‬‬‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ﻋﻠﻲ اﻧﻬﺎ ‪Hinges‬‬ ‫‪Restraints‬‬

‫‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻻﻋﻤﺪة‬

‫‪40‬‬


‫‪ -4‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺣﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ‪) -:‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻟﻼﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﺤﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻟﻞ ‪ Dead Load‬اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدﻩ‪0‬‬ ‫‪Load Cases‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫اﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة‬

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬

‫ﺣﺬف ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة‬

‫‪ -2‬اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬وزن اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ووﺿﻌﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ‪.Dead‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬وزن ال ‪ Covering‬وﻳﺘﻢ وﺿﻌﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ‪0 Dead‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬وزن ال ‪ Live Load‬وﻳﺘﻢ وﺿﻌﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ‪0 LL‬‬ ‫‪L.L =200 kg\m2‬‬

‫‪Covering = 150 kg\m2‬‬

‫وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪41‬‬


‫)‪Uniforme(Shell‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫‪Area Loads‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ال ‪Live Loads‬‬

‫ادﺧﺎل ال ‪Covering‬‬

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬

‫‪ -3‬اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬وزن اﻟﻜﻤﺮا ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫‪ -2‬وزن اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻜﻤﺮا ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫‪ -2‬وزن اﻟﺤﻮاﺋﻂ )ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﺴﺎب ﻗﻴﻤﺔ وزن اﻟﺤﻮاﺋﻂ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ( ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪W = tw * hw * γ t\m‬‬ ‫اﻟﻮزن اﻟﻨﻮﻋﻲ ﻟﻠﻄﻮب‬

‫‪γ‬‬

‫ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻟﺤﺎﺋﻂ‬

‫‪hw‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫ﺗﺨﺎﻧﺔ اﻟﺤﺎﺋﻂ‬

‫‪tw‬‬ ‫‪42‬‬


‫وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﻜﻤﺮات آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Distributed‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫‪Frame Loads‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻤﺮات‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ‬

‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻮزع‬ ‫‪ -4‬اﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻻت اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Add New Combo‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Combinations‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫‪43‬‬


‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺔ‬ ‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﺮ‬Ultimate ‫اذا آﺎن اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﺎل‬ -: ‫ اﻟﻲ‬1 ‫ ﺑﺪﻻ ﻣﻦ‬Scale Factor ‫ال‬ 1.4 For Dead Loads 1.6 For Live Loads Working

Ultimate

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ﻟﺰﻳﺎدة دﻗﺔ اﻟﺤﻞ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت‬

Edit

Edit Areas

-: ‫ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت‬-5

Divide Areas -: ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

Eng.\ Ayman Abdel-Salam El-Zohiery Eng_A_Zohiery@yahoo.com

44

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ﻟﻌﺪد ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪X & Y‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﻲ اﺟﺰاء ذات اﺑﻌﺎد ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ﻋﻠﻲ ﺣﺴﺐ ال‪Grids‬‬

‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ هﺎﻣﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت‬

‫‪ -5‬اﻟﺤﻞ وإﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Set Analysis options‬‬

‫‪Analyze‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪Plane Grid‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺤﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ذﻟﻚ )‪. (Run‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪45‬‬


-: ‫* اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ 1- Deformed Shape :Display

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

Show Deformed Shape

( F6 ‫) او اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ اﻻﺻﻠﻲ‬ 2- Straining Actions :Joints Display

Show Forces/Stresses

Frames/Cables Shells

46

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

Reactions ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ‬


‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال ‪ Reactions‬ﻋﻠﻲ اﻻﻋﻤﺪﻩ‪-:‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪-:‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻇﻬﺎر ال ‪ Beams‬ﻓﻲ ال ‪3D‬‬

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر ﻗﻴﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺰوم‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ‪ -:‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ﻓﻲ ال ‪X-Y Plan‬‬ ‫ﻹﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﺢ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪X-Axis‬‬ ‫‪M11‬‬ ‫ﻹﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﺢ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Y-Axis‬‬ ‫‪M22‬‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺰوم ﺗﻜﻮن ﻋﻠﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ‪ Contour Lines‬وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﻠﻲ ﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﺷﺮﻳﻂ اﻻﻟﻮان اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮد اﺳﻔﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﻓﻜﻞ ﻟﻮن ﻳﻌﺒﺮ ﻋﻦ ‪ Range‬ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺰوم ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪47‬‬


‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫‪M11‬‬

‫ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬

‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﻓﺮض ﺣﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻟﻴﺘﻢ ﻓﺮﺷﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ وﻟﻴﻜﻦ ‪ 6‬اﺳﻴﺎخ ﻗﻄﺮ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺘﺮ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪As = 6 * 0.785 = 4.71 cm2‬‬ ‫‪Ts=12 cm‬‬ ‫‪M=1.34 t.m‬‬

‫) ) ‪As = ( M / ( fy * j * d‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل هﺬﻩ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ) ‪ 1.34‬و ‪ ( -1.34‬ﻓﻲ ال ‪ Max & Min Range‬وﻳﺘﻢ ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﺎج ﺣﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﺿﺎﻓﻲ ‪.‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻜﺮار ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ‪M22‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪48‬‬


‫ﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﺮ ال ‪ Reactions‬اﻟﻲ ال ‪-: Excel‬‬ ‫‪Sap2000 MS Excel Spreadsheet.xls File‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Export‬‬

‫‪File‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺢ اﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر‬ ‫ال‪Reactions‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ال ‪ Excel‬وﻓﻴﻬﺎ ال ‪ Reactions‬ﻟﻴﺘﻢ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ﺑﻌﺪ ذﻟﻚ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪49‬‬


Analysis Of Solid And Flat Slab

For Slab:ts = 12 cm Solid ts = 20 cm Flat For Beam:b = 12 cm

t = 60 cm

b = 25 cm

t = 60 cm

Live Load = 200 kg\m2 Covering = 150 kg\m2

Required :1- Design Of Slab 2- Design Of Beams 3- Design Of Columns 50

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


Solid Slab

Flat Slab

Statically System 51

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪ -1‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ‪-:‬‬

‫ ‪X = 0 -1.75 - 4.375 – 6 - 8.5 -11.875 -13.375 -15‬‬‫‪15.75 -16.5‬‬ ‫‪Y = 0 - 0.75 -1.5 - 4.25 - 5.5 - 7.1 - 7.75 –8.25 - 9 -12‬‬ ‫‪Z=0‬‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ‪-:‬‬ ‫)ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻜﻤﺮات(‬

‫)ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ(‬ ‫‪Area Sections‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻄﺎﻋﻴﻦ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ts = 12cm‬‬ ‫‪ts = 20cm‬‬

‫‪Solid‬‬ ‫‪Flat‬‬

‫‪Frame Sections‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻄﺎع ‪12*60‬ﻟﻠﻜﻤﺮات اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻳﻪ‬ ‫‪ -2‬وآﺬﻟﻚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻄﺎع ‪ 25*60‬ﻟﻠﻜﻤﺮات اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﻪ‬ ‫‪ -3‬وآﺬﻟﻚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻄﺎع اﻟﻜﻤﺮات اﻟﻮهﻤﻴﺔ‪0.001x0.001‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪52‬‬


For Slab :Draw

For Frames :Quick draw Area

Draw

Draw poly area ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﺛﻼث ﻧﻘﺎط او اآﺜﺮ‬ Draw Rectangular Area ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻧﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ‬

-: ‫ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ‬-3 Draw Frame\cable\tendom Frame Element Quick Frame

Quick Draw Area ‫رﺳﻢ ﺑﻼﻃﻪ داﺧﻞ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬

-: ‫ ﻟﻼﻋﻤﺪة‬Group ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻻﻋﻤﺪة‬

Assign

Assign To Group

Add New Group -: ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫ ﻟﻼﻋﻤﺪة وذﻟﻚ ﻟﺴﻬﻮﻟﺔ اﺧﺘﻴﺎرهﺎ‬Group ‫ﺗﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ -: ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ذﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬ Select

Select

Groups

Group ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﺳﻢ ال‬

53

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ‬


‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Restraints‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ﻋﻠﻲ اﻧﻬﺎ ‪Hinges‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬ ‫‪Groups‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬ ‫‪Select‬‬

‫‪Select‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻜﻤﺮات اﻟﻮهﻤﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻞ ‪ Flat Slab‬وذﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﻻدﺧﺎل اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﺤﻮاﺋﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﻴﺚ ان اﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ اﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪﻩ ﻻدﺧﺎل‬ ‫اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﺤﻮاﺋﻂ هﻲ وﺟﻮد آﻤﺮات ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Flat Slab‬‬

‫‪ -4‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬ ‫آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪54‬‬


‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ‪-:‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ﻟﺰﻳﺎدة دﻗﺔ اﻟﺤﻞ‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Edit Areas‬‬

‫‪Divide Areas‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت‬

‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﻤﺼﻤﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺑﻌﺎد ‪0.5x0.5‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﻼآﻤﺮﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﺑﻌﺎد ‪0.3x0.3‬‬ ‫وذﻟﻚ ﻟﻌﺪم وﺟﻮد ‪ Continuity‬ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﻤﺼﻤﻄﻪ‬ ‫واﻟﻼآﻤﺮﻳﻪ‪.‬‬

‫‪ -5‬اﻟﺤﻞ وإﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Set Analysis options‬‬

‫‪Analyze‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪Plane Grid‬‬

‫‪Run Analysis or F5 or‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Analyze‬‬

‫‪ Run Now‬ﻟﻴﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻞ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪55‬‬


‫‪M22‬‬

‫‪M11‬‬

‫ﻋﺮض اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Set 3D View‬‬

‫‪View‬‬

‫زواﻳﺎ اﻟﺮؤﻳﺔ‬

‫اﻟﻜﻤﺮات اﻻﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫اﻟﻜﻤﺮات اﻟﺮاﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪56‬‬


-: Excel ‫ اﻟﻲ ال‬Reactions ‫ﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﺮ ال‬ File

Export

57

Sap2000 MS Excel Spreadsheet.xls File

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪) Foundation‬اﻻﺳـــــﺎﺳـــــــــﺎت(‬ ‫اﻧﻮاع اﻻﺳــﺎﺳــــﺎت‬

‫‪Deep Foundation‬‬ ‫اﺳﺎﺳﺎت ﻋﻤﻴﻘﻪ‬

‫‪Shallow Foundation‬‬ ‫اﺳﺎﺳﺎت ﺳﻄﺤﻴﻪ‬

‫‪- Piles‬‬

‫‪- Footing‬‬

‫اﻟﺨﻮازﻳﻖ‬

‫اﻟﻘﻮاﻋﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﺒﺸﻪ‬

‫‪- Raft‬‬

‫آﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻧﻮع اﻻﺳﺎس ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Footing‬‬

‫‪<0.67‬‬

‫‪0.67< -- <1.0 Raft‬‬

‫‪Stress‬‬

‫وزن اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ‬

‫‪B\C‬‬

‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ‬

‫=‪Stress‬‬

‫‪>1.0 Piles‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪58‬‬


Analysis Of Raft

Design The Raft Under The Shown Loads :t = 80 cm B \ C = 1.25 kg\cm2

-: ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬ X = 0 – 4.26 – 5.88 – 8.5 – 11.88 – 14.76 – 15.76 Y = 0 – 1.24 – 3.9 – 5.12 – 7.4 – 8.0 – 8.62 –10.84 Z=0 59

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪ -‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ‪-:‬‬

‫)ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ(‬

‫ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ‬‫‪Quick draw Area‬‬

‫‪* Define Of Slab Section :‬‬‫‪Area Sections‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻄﺎع آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ts = 80cm‬‬

‫‪Raft‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫‪Draw poly area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ اآﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼث ﻧﻘﺎط‬ ‫‪Draw Rectangular Area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻧﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫‪Quick Draw Area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ ﺑﻼﻃﻪ داﺧﻞ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬

‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺨﺼﺺ ﻟﻜﻞ دور ‪ 10‬ﺳﻢ‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬

‫‪For Joint Load :-‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬ ‫‪Joint Loads‬‬ ‫‪Forces‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪ Z‬ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺎﻟﺐ وهﺬﻩ اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ ‪ Total Reaction‬ﻟﻼﻋﻤﺪة‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال‪Joint‬‬

‫‪1- Divide of Slab :-‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﻲ اﺟﺰاء‪ 0.50x0.50‬ﻣﺜﻼ ‪Divide Area‬‬

‫‪Edit Areas‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻟﺘﺮﺑﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻟﺘﺮﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻧﻬﺎ ‪ Spring Support‬وﺗﻜﻮن ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ال ‪ K‬ﻟﻞ ‪ Spring‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪60‬‬


K = 1000 * B \ C * Area Of Mesh B\C :---------- .(Kg\cm2) ‫اﻟﺠﻬﺪ اﻟﺼﺎﻓﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﺑﻪ‬

Area Mesh------------- (0.50x0.50) m2‫ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﺼﻐﻴﺮﻩ‬K------Spring Stiffness (t\m) Joint ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر آﻞ ال‬

Assign

Joint

Springs

-: Spring ‫ادﺧﺎل ال‬ K ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ال‬

Translation 3 ‫ ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ‬Spring ‫ ﻟﻞ‬K ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ال‬ Analyze

Set Analysis options

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

Plane Grid ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

Analyze

Run Analysis or F5 or

. ‫ ﻟﻴﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻞ‬Run Now 61

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬ Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

-: ‫* اﻟﺤﻞ وإﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬


‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻠﺒﺸﺔ ‪-:‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻠﺒﺸﺔ ﻓﻲ ال ‪X-Y Plan‬‬ ‫ﻹﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﺢ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪X-Axis‬‬

‫‪M11‬‬

‫ﻹﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﺢ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Y-Axis‬‬

‫‪M22‬‬

‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت آﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ‪.‬‬

‫‪Check Of Soil :-‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﻳﺠﺎد اﻗﺼﻲ ‪ Reaction‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮد ﻋﻠﻲ ال ‪ Springs‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ال ‪-: Excel‬‬

‫‪Stress = Max. Reaction / Area Of Mesh < B / C‬‬ ‫وإذا آﺎن ‪ Unsafe‬ﻳﺘﻢ زﻳﺎدة ﺳﻤﻚ اﻟﻠﺒﺸﺔ ﻟﺰﻳﺎدة اﻟﺠﺴﺎءة‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﻪ ﻟﻠﺒﺸﻪ اﻟﻤﺮﺗﻜﺰﻩ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺧﻮازﻳﻖ وآﺬﻟﻚ هﺎﻣﺎت اﻟﺨﻮازﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻜﺮار ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ وﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺘﻢ وﺿﻊ ال ‪ Springs‬ﻋﺒﺪ اﻣﺎآﻦ اﻟﺨﻮازﻳﻖ ﻓﻘﻂ ‪.‬‬

‫‪For Raft On Piles :-‬‬

‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻟﺨﻮازﻳﻖ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻧﻬﺎ ‪ Spring Support‬وﺗﻜﻮن ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ال ‪ K‬ﻟﻞ ‪ Spring‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪K=EA/L‬‬

‫‪E‬‬ ‫‪A‬‬

‫)‪Modulus Of Elasticity Of Concrete (t/m2‬‬ ‫)‪Pile Cross-Section (m2‬‬

‫‪L‬‬

‫)‪Pile Length (m‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ال ‪ Reactions‬ﻓﻲ ال ‪ Springs‬وﻻﺑﺪ اﻻ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻗﺪرة ﺗﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﺨﺎزوق ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪62‬‬


Analysis Of Plates ‫اﻻﻋﻤﺪة‬

For Slab:ts = 20 cm For Beam:b = 25 cm

t = 60 cm

Live Load = 200 kg\m2 Covering = 150 kg\m2

-: ‫ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬-1 File

New Model Grid Only

-: ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﻪ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻧﻈﺎم اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻲ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬

63

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬


‫ﻟﻌﺪم اﻇﻬﺎر ﺗﺮﻗﻴﻢ ﻟﻼﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬

‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺎت اﻟﺘﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬

‫ادﺧﺎل رﻗﻢ ﺻﻐﻴﺮ‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ‪-:‬‬ ‫ ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪-:‬‬‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻗﻄﺎع ‪25*60‬‬

‫‪Frame Sections‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ‪-:‬‬‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺗﺨﺎﻧﺘﺔ ‪20 cm‬‬

‫‪Area Sections‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬ ‫‪64‬‬


‫‪ -3‬رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪For Frames :-‬‬

‫‪Draw Frame\cable\tendom‬‬

‫‪For Slab :‬‬‫‪Quick draw Area‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫‪Draw‬‬

‫‪Draw poly area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﺛﻼث ﻧﻘﺎط او اآﺜﺮ‬

‫‪Frame Element‬‬

‫‪Draw Rectangular Area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻧﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ‬

‫‪Quick Frame‬‬

‫‪Quick Draw Area‬‬ ‫رﺳﻢ ﺑﻼﻃﻪ داﺧﻞ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ هﺎﻣﻪ ‪ -:‬ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻤﻜﻦ رﺳﻢ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات واﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ﺛﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺿﺒﻂ اﻟﻤﺤﺎور اﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ ‪ Local Axis‬ﻟﻠﺠﺰء ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ اﻟﺬي ﺗﻢ رﺳﻤﺔ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ اﻟﻤﺤﻮر ) ‪ ( 3‬ﻳﻜﻮن ﻋﻤﻮدي ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ وﻻﻋﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬‫‪Reverse Local 3‬‬

‫‪Area‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ‬

‫ اﻟﻤﺤﻮر ) ‪ ( 1‬ﻳﻜﻮن ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎة ال ‪-: Radial Direction‬‬‫وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل زاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﻴﻞ ‪ 15‬درﺟﻪ‬

‫‪Local Axis‬‬

‫‪Area‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ‬

‫ﺗﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ ذﻟﻚ ﺣﺘﻲ ﺗﻜﻮن اﻟﻌﺰوم اﻟﻨﺎﺗﺠﻪ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ال ‪Radial & Tangential‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪65‬‬


‫‪ -2‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻜﺮار هﺬا اﻟﺠﺰء ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات واﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪Radial Replicate -:‬‬ ‫‪Edit‬‬

‫‪Replicate‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ‬

‫ﻋﺪد ﻣﺮات‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﺮار‬

‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ‪-:‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻜﺮار ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات وآﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت ﺣﻮل ﻣﺤﻮر ‪ Z-Axis‬ﻋﺪد ‪11‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺨﻪ آﻞ ‪ 30‬درﺟﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻻﻋﻤﺪة ﻋﻠﻲ اﻧﻬﺎ ‪Hinges‬‬ ‫‪Restraints‬‬

‫‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻻﻋﻤﺪة‬

‫‪ -4‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬ ‫آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪66‬‬


‫* اﻟﺤﻞ وإﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Set Analysis options‬‬

‫‪Analyze‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪Plane Grid‬‬

‫‪Run Analysis or F5 or‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

‫‪Analyze‬‬

‫‪ Run Now‬ﻟﻴﻘﻮم اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﻞ ‪.‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ﻓﻲ ال ‪X-Y Plan‬‬ ‫وﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت آﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ‪.‬‬

‫ﻹﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﺢ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Radial‬‬

‫‪M11‬‬

‫ﻹﻳﺠﺎد اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﺢ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪Tangential‬‬

‫‪M22‬‬

‫‪Eng.\ Ayman Abdel-Salam El-Zohiery‬‬ ‫‪Eng_A_Zohiery@yahoo.com‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪67‬‬


Plate Examples :-

68

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ هﺎﻣﻪ ‪ -:‬ﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻧﻈﺎم اﺣﺪاﺛﻲ ‪ Cylindrical‬اﻟﻲ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم ‪ Cartesian‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﻤﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪ ﻋﺎدي )‪ (X & Y‬ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮد ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﻈﺎم اﺣﺪاﺛﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Add New System‬‬

‫‪Coordinate Systems\Grids‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫‪ -‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺮآﺰ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻲ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﻪ ﻟﻤﺮآﺰ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻢ ‪. X & Y & Z‬‬

‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ﻟﻴﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪69‬‬


Example :-

For Slab:ts = 12 cm Solid For Beam:b = 25 cm

t = 60 cm

Live Load = 200 kg\m2 Covering = 150 kg\m2

Required :1- Design Of Slab 2- Design Of Beams 3- Design Of Columns

70

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


71

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

0.00

‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮب اﻟﺪور‬

1.50

‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮب ﻧﺼﻒ اﻟﺪور‬

3.00

1.50

1- Two flight stairs :-

Types Of Stairs


1.95

1.05

2- Three flight stairs :-

(1.95) ‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮب‬

3.00

(0.00) ‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮب‬ (3.00) ‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮب‬

72

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

0.00

(1.05) ‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮب‬


3- Helical Stairs :For Slab:ts = 20 cm Live Load = 300 kg\m2 Covering = 150 kg\m2

-: ‫ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬-1 -: ‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬-1 X 0,2,4

Y 0

Z 0

-: ‫ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻗﺼﻲ ﻳﻤﻴﻦ اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‬Frame Element ‫ ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ‬-2

73

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪ -3‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪ Frame Element‬ﺛﻢ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Extrude‬‬

‫‪Extrude Lines To Areas‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪Radial‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺗﺨﺎﻧﺔ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﻪ‬

‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻟﺮآﺎﺋﺰ‪ -:‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ اﻟﺮآﺎﺋﺰ ﻋﻠﻲ اﻧﻬﺎ ‪Hinges‬‬ ‫‪Restraints‬‬

‫‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺮآﺎﺋﺰ‬

‫اﻟﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﺮﺗﻜﺰ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺪاﻳﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺳﻘﻒ اﻟﺪور اﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ وﻣﺮﺗﻜﺰ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺳﻘﻒ اﻟﺪور اﻟﻌﻠﻮي‬ ‫وﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ال ‪ Reactions‬اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة ﻋﻠﻲ ال ‪supports‬ﻳﺘﻢ وﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻼﻃﺔ اﻟﺪور‬

‫‪ -4‬ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﻤﺎل ‪-:‬‬ ‫آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪74‬‬


‫* ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺤﻞ ﻳﺘﻢ إﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Set 3D View‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪View‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﺴﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ال ‪Plane‬‬

‫اﻟﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﺴﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺎت ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪:‬‬

‫‪Print Graphics‬‬

‫‪File‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﻏﻠﻲ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ‬

‫ﻟﺘﺤﻮﻳﻞ ال ‪ Deformed Shape‬اﻟﻲ ﻣﻠﻒ ‪Video‬‬ ‫‪Create Cyclic Animation Video‬‬

‫‪Create Video‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪File‬‬

‫اﻇﻬﺎر ال ‪Deformed Shape‬‬ ‫‪75‬‬


Elevated Tank :-

- For the given tank :Dom

ts = 15cm

Cylinder

ts = 20cm

Cone

ts = 25cm

Ring Beam

25x70cm

Column

30x80cm

Foundation Plate ts = 100cm

76

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ Plate‬ﻧﺼﻒ ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ‪ 3.50m‬وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت آﻤﺎ هﻮ واﺿﺢ ‪-:‬‬

‫اﻻﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺮف اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ‪-:‬‬ ‫ ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻻﻋﻤﺪﻩ واﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪.‬‬‫ ﻗﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت اﻟﻤﻮﺿﺤﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻔﺤﻪ اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ ‪.‬‬‫‪ -3‬ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ ال ‪ Plate‬وﻳﺘﻢ ﺿﺒﻂ ال ‪Local Axis‬آﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪ Joint‬ﻋﻨﺪ اﻣﺎآﻦ اﻻﻋﻤﺪﻩ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪77‬‬


‫‪ -5‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ هﺬﻩ ال ‪Joint‬اﻟﻲ ‪ Frame Element‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Extrude points to Frames‬‬

‫‪Extrude‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪Joint‬‬

‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﺳﻢ ﻗﻄﺎع اﻻﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ ‪-:‬‬‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺿﺮب اﻟﻌﻤﻮد ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Local Axis‬‬

‫‪Frame‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻌﻤﻮد‬

‫ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪ Z‬ﻣﺴﺎﻓﻪ ‪4.00m‬‬ ‫ﻋﺪد اﻟﻨﺴﺦ )‪(1‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل زاوﻳﺔ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ‪ 90‬درﺟﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫‪ -6‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺳﺘﺪﻋﺎء ال ‪ Dom‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ال ‪ Template‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Add to Model From Template‬‬ ‫‪ -‬وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪ Shell‬ﻟﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫‪78‬‬


‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪Dom‬‬

‫ﻗﻄﺎع اﻟﻘﺒﻪ‬

‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ال ‪Dom‬‬

‫ﻣﻜﺎن ال ‪Dom‬‬

‫‪ -7‬ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ ال ‪ Ring Beam‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻣﺮ ‪. Frame Element‬‬ ‫‪ -8‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﺬف اﻟﺠﺰء اﻻﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ال ‪. Dom‬‬ ‫‪ -9‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺳﺘﺪﻋﺎء ال ‪ Cylinder‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ال ‪ Template‬آﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Add to Model From Template‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫‪ -‬وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪ Shell‬ﻟﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪79‬‬


‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪Cylinder‬‬

‫ﻗﻄﺎع اﻻﺳﻄﻮاﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ال ‪Cylinder‬‬

‫ﻣﻜﺎن ال ‪Cylinder‬‬

‫‪ -10‬ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ ال ‪ Cone‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻧﻘﻄﻪ اﺳﻔﻞ ﺣﺮف اﻟﻘﺒﻪ ﺑﺤﻴﺚ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﺤﻮر ‪. X-Axis‬‬‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ هﺬﻩ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﻪ اﻟﻲ ﺧﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪:‬‬‫‪Extrude points to Frames‬‬ ‫‪ -‬وﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل ‪X=4‬‬

‫‪Extrude‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪Joint‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫‪ Z=12.38‬وﻋﺪد اﻟﻨﺴﺦ )‪. (1‬‬

‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ هﺬا اﻟﺨﻂ اﻟﻲ ﺑﻼﻃﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪:‬‬‫‪Extrude Lines to Areas‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪Extrude‬‬

‫‪Edit‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ‬ ‫‪80‬‬


‫ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪. Radial‬‬‫ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﺤﻮر ‪. Z-Axis‬‬‫ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﺰاوﻳﻪ ‪ 30‬درﺟﻪ ‪.‬‬‫‪ -‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻋﺪد اﻟﻨﺴﺦ ‪ 12‬ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ‪.‬‬

‫‪ -11‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺑﻼﻃﺎت ال ‪ Cone‬اﻟﻲ اﺟﺰاء ﺻﻐﻴﺮﻩ ﻓﻲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻻرﺗﻔﺎع ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -12‬ادﺧﺎل اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Joint Patterns‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪ Joint‬اﻟﻤﺮاد ادﺧﺎل اﻟﺤﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺔ هﺎﻣﺔ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻻﺑﺪ ان ﻳﻜﻮن اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ‪ Local Axis 3‬ﻟﻠﺒﻼﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺣﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪81‬‬


‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎدﻟﺔ اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة داﺧﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ال ‪ Sap‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪P = AX + BY + CZ + D‬‬ ‫‪From B.C :‬‬‫‪C = -1‬‬

‫‪D = 18.38‬‬ ‫ادﺧﺎل ﻗﻴﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎﻣﻼت‬

‫)‪Surface Pressure (All‬‬

‫‪Area Loads‬‬

‫‪Assign‬‬

‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻧﻔﺲ ال ‪ Joint‬اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﺳﻢ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﻀﻐﻂ اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪82‬‬


Tank Examples :-

83

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪From AutoCAD 2000 To SAP2000 :‬‬‫‪For AutoCAD :‬‬‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات ‪ Frame Element‬ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ‪ Line‬ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Layer‬ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻪ وﻟﻴﻜﻦ )‪(Beam‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺔ ‪ Area Element‬ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ‪ 3D Face‬ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Layer‬ﻣﻌﻴﻨﻪ وﻟﻴﻜﻦ )‪(Shell‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﻔﻆ اﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﺑﺎﻣﺘﺪاد )‪ (DXF‬ﻋﻠﻲ أي ﻣﻜﺎن ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫‪Save As‬‬

‫‪File‬‬

‫ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﺤﻔﻆ‬

‫اﺳﻢ ﻣﻠﻒ اﻟﺤﻔﻆ‬ ‫اﻣﺘﺪاد ‪DXF‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻤﻠﻒ اﻟﺬي ﺗﻢ ﺣﻔﻈﻪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‬

‫‪AutoCAD .dxf File‬‬

‫‪For SAP2000 :‬‬‫‪File‬‬ ‫‪Import‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﻮر اﻟﻌﻤﻮدي ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄ‬

‫ﺷﻔﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻜﻤﺮات‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﺒﻼﻃﺎت‬

‫اﻟﻮﺣﺪات‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪84‬‬


85

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


Wind Forces :-

86

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


87

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


Earthquake Forces :-

88

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


89

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


90

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91

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


2- Response Spectrum Analysis For the shown frame :-

Frame ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب دراﺳﺔ اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﺰﻻزل ﻋﻠﻲ هﺬا ال‬ Response Spectrum Analysis ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ال‬

. ‫ آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻻول‬Frame ‫ ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ ال‬-1 92

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪ -1‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﺪاﻟﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Response Spectrum‬‬

‫‪Functions‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻜﻮد اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬

‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺪاﻟﻪ‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻩ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Add new case‬‬

‫‪Analysis Cases‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪93‬‬


‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻧﻮع اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻪ‬

‫ادﺧﺎل اﺳﻢ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻪ‬

‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اذا آﺎن اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ ﺛﻼﺛﻲ اﻻﺑﻌﺎد ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺗﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ اﻟﺰﻟﺰال آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬

‫ﻋﺠﻠﺔ اﻟﺠﺎذﺑﻴﻪ‬

‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﺳﻢ اﻟﺪاﻟﻪ‬

‫‪Direction X-Axis‬‬

‫‪U1‬‬

‫‪Direction Y-Axis‬‬

‫‪U2‬‬

‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ اﻟﺰﻟﺰال ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ‬

‫‪ -3‬ﺣﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪ Run‬وﻳﺘﻢ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪Display -:‬‬‫آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺋﻞ اﻻﺧﺮي‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪94‬‬


‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺮﻏﺒﻪ ﻓﻲ ادﺧﺎل داﻟﺔ ال ‪ Response Spectrum‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪ File‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮد ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺰﻟﺰال ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Response Spectrum‬‬

‫‪Functions‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻣﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻠﻒ‬

‫ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪. Spectra‬‬‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺳﻢ اﻟﺪاﻟﻪ‪.‬‬‫ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪ Display Graph‬ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدﻩ داﺧﻞ اﻟﻤﻠﻒ ‪.‬‬‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪95‬‬


3- Time History Analysis For the shown frame :-

Frame ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب دراﺳﺔ اﺣﻤﺎل اﻟﺰﻻزل ﻋﻠﻲ هﺬا ال‬ Time History Analysis ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ال‬

. ‫ آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻻول‬Frame ‫ ﻳﺘﻢ رﺳﻢ ال‬-1 96

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery


‫‪ -1‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﺪاﻟﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Functions‬‬

‫‪Time History‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﺪاﻟﻪ‬

‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺪاﻟﻪ‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺧﻮاص ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ‪-: Modal‬‬ ‫‪Modify\Shaw Case‬‬

‫‪Analysis Cases‬‬

‫‪Define‬‬

‫وذﻟﻚ ﺑﻌﺪ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪ Modal‬ﻓﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

‫‪97‬‬


‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ OK‬ﻓﻴﺘﻢ اﻟﺮﺟﻮع ﻟﻠﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻻﺳﺎﺳﻴﻪ‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪. Add New Case‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر‬

‫‪ -3‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﺎهﻮ ﻣﻮﺿﺢ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫اﺳﻢ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﻻﺗﺠﺎﻩ‬

‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﻪ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اذا آﺎن اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ ﺛﻼﺛﻲ اﻻﺑﻌﺎد ﻳﺘﻢ ادﺧﺎل اﺗﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ اﻟﺰﻟﺰال آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬

‫‪Direction X-Axis‬‬

‫‪U1‬‬

‫‪Direction Y-Axis‬‬

‫‪U2‬‬ ‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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‫‪ -3‬ﺣﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪ Run‬وﻳﺘﻢ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ‪Display -:‬‬‫‪Frames\Cables‬‬

‫‪Show Forces\Stresses‬‬

‫‪Display‬‬

‫‪ -‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﺎهﻮ ﻣﻮﺿﺢ ‪-:‬‬

‫اﺳﻢ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻت اﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب اﻇﻬﺎرهﺎ‬

‫اﻻﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻت اﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﻪ ﻟﻠﻌﺰوم ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺎ‬

‫ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻜﺮار ذﻟﻚ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ال ‪. Straining Actions‬‬‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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‫ اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ آﻌﻼﻗﻪ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺰﻣﻦ ‪-:‬‬‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ال ‪ Joint‬او ال ‪ Frame Element‬اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻟﻪ ﺛﻢ ‪-:‬‬ ‫‪Show plot Functions‬‬

‫‪Display‬‬

‫‪ -2‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﻪ وﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﺎهﻮ ﻣﻮﺿﺢ ‪-:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ اﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ال ‪Joint‬او ال ‪ Frame‬اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل هﺬﻩ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪.Define Plot Function‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ال ‪Joint‬او ال ‪ Frame‬اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺗﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎرﻩ ‪ -4‬اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪.Modify\Show Plot Functions‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﺷﻪ ﻳﺘﻢ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب اﻇﻬﺎرهﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل‬ ‫هﺬﻩ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ ﺛﻢ ‪ OK‬ﺛﻢ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ال ‪Joint‬او ال ‪ Frame‬اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب‬ ‫اﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل اﻟﺸﺎﺷﻪ اﻻوﻟﻲ ﺛﻢ ‪.Add‬‬ ‫‪ -7‬ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Display‬ﻟﺘﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ‪-:‬‬

‫‪Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery‬‬

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‫ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ هﺬا اﻟﺸﻜﻞ او‬File ‫ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼل ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ . ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻠﻪ اﻟﻲ ﺻﻮرﻩ‬

‫ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ آﻌﻼﻗﻪ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬

With my best wishes for you Eng.\ Ayman

Eng_A_Zohiery@yahoo.com 101

Eng. \ Ayman El-Zohiery

كتاب الشامل فى احتراف ساب 2000  
كتاب الشامل فى احتراف ساب 2000  
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