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MAKE IT in Science By Martin Roberts

Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved

MDR Publishing


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Published by MDR Publishing. Contact: 2964 Columbia St Suite # 26390 Torrance CA 90503 Š Martin Roberts 2010 All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright holders. First published by MDR Publishing in 2010 ISBN: 978-0-9543512-3-6 Illustrator: M.D Roberts

Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved

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Contents

MATERIALS FORCES AND MOVEMENT SOLAR SYSTEM SOUND LIGHT ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

© Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved

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Paper mache volcano

Shadow stick and card

Build your own electroscope

Soil testing apparatus

Paper mache Moon

Charging by induction

Convection mobile

Space shuttle

Charging by Conduction

Displacement vessel

Musical straws

Light detector

Chocolates

Kazoo

Dark detector

Syringe pump

Megaphone/hearing aid

Camera flash circuit

Suction pump

String telephone

RC time delay circuit

Barometer

Ear protectors

AND gate

Pebble bed filter

Drum set

OR gate

Tie dyeing:

Musical bottles

NOT gate

A secret message

Rain stick

NAND gate

Red cabbage indicator

Shoe box guitar

NOR gate

Alka Seltzer bomb

Didgeree doo

A simple transformer I

Alka Seltzer rocket

Pan pipes I

A simple transformer II

Christmas decorations

Pan pipes II

A simple transformer II

Fossil leaf

Magic lantern

How to make a smoke flare

How to make green slime

Silhouette of yourself

How to silver a mirror

How to make a lava lamp

Colored filter paper

Make your own Vinegar

Cement volcano

Pin hole camera

How to make plastic from milk

An eruption

Put the bird in the cage

How to make glue from milk

Tooth paste

Color blender

Preparation of Bio plastic

Tin badges

Quiz board

Hot ice

Foating candles

Lemon battery

How to make soap

Charcoal

Push-to-make switch

Fossilized fir cones

Morse code generator

Toy car catapult

Electric game 1

Plastic bottle paddle boat

Electric game 2

Cotton reel racer

Hall light switch

Come-back

Bedside lamp

Making mini kites

Clothes peg switch

Jet propulsion

Magnetic fish

Make a straw plane

Compass

Build a parachute

Solar powered fan

Build a force meter

Hydro electric generator

Make a water balance

DPDT switch

Magic boats

The LED

Hero's Engine

Current discriminator

Hovercraft

Current discriminator and DPDT switch Humidity detector 1

Paper airplanes Spinners Water rocket Float hammer (well almost!)

Electroscope Speaker telephone A simple motor Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved


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Barometer Retort Jam jarstandStraws set 100 Balloons ml beaker Scissors Beaker 250ml Glue plastic/plastic Test tube 19mm Card Test Sticky tubetack rack

1

!

Test tube rack

Cut the top off of the balloon and secure it to the top of a jam jar.

2 3

Test tube rack

Stretch tightly and seal firmly with a strong rubber band.

Stick a drinking straw to the rubber balloon using contact cement. Use a well ventilated space for gluing.

4 Mark the initial position of straw and note the air pressure using a barometer.

5

Note the variation of height of the straw as the pressure changes from day to day.

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Fossil leaf Retort stand Card Leaf set Newspaper 100 ml beaker PlasticBeaker cup 250ml Spoon

1

Test Plaster tube 19mm of Paris Test tube rack

Test tube rack

Test tube rack

Prepare some plaster of Paris in a plastic cup. Typical mixing instructions are shown below. Plaster of Paris is added to water in a ratio of approximately 1:1. Stir until a creamy paste is achieved.

Roll a strip of card into a cylindrical shape to make the shallow mould into which you pour the plaster.

2 3

Find a dead leaf that is in good condition and place it in the centre of the mould.

Staples

card

4

When the plaster of Paris has the texture of Greek yoghurt pour it over the leaf up to the rim of the mould and leave to set.

Plaster of Paris

News paper

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Mini kites Retort paper Tissue stand setPlastic 100straws ml beakerduckBeaker tape 250ml Thread Test Glue tube 19mm

1

Test tube rack

Test tube rack

Test tube rack

Use the diagram on the following page to make a number of card templates of the kite and keel. Try cereal packets! Get the children to use the templates to cut out the kite shape and the keel from different coloured tissue paper.

2

Cut two straws to lengths of 21cm (vertical strut) and 19cm (horizontal strut) and glue them to the kite. Cut out the strut supports from duck tape and position at for the four corners of the kite.

Duck tape

19cm

21cm

Strengthen the central join between the two struts by covering with an additional section of duck tape.

3

Fold the keel where indicated then stick the tab to the other side of the kite.

4

Stick some cotton thread to the tip of the keel and go fly your kite!

Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved

Fold

19cm


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Mini kites

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Hovercraft

1

Stiff card (cereal packet)

Scissors

Sharp pencil

Rubber bands

Felt tip pen case

Cut a square section of 5cm x 5cm from a stiff piece of cardboard with glossy backing (like those used for cereal packets).

2

Use a sharp pencil to make a hole of about 4mm in diameter in the centre of the card,

3 4

Glue

5

Cotton reel (thin type)

Stick an old cotton reel to card so that it is centred on the hole.

Pull the mouth of a balloon over the cotton reel and secure it with some elastic bands.

5 6

To inflate the balloon use an empty felt tip pen case as an adapter, inserting the pointed end into the hole at the base of the “hovercraft”.

Now test out your “hovercraft” on a flat surface.

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Paper mache Moon Retort container Plastic stand set

Lljh Llj h jlnj jln flk jflk jlnj flkj jhvl jhvl jh jh hv vlh vlh ljh blb bl vlh kj blb bkñ kjb jb k kñ j jb k j

Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhbl Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhblbkjbkñjbkj Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhblbkjbkñjbkj Lljh jlnjf lkjhvljhv Lljh jlnjf lhbl lkjhvljhv Lljh jlnj lhblbkjb kñjbkj flkjhvljh vlhblbkjb kñjbkj

Now soak strips of paper in the mixture and stick them to the ball. Try to produce a crinkly effect on the surface to represent mountains and craters. When the paper mache has set paint the Moon white and allow it to dry. Attach a string and you are now ready to hang your Moon. (See expt. 5E9) j flk jh h L j ln j vl jh jh j lnlj flk Llj jhflk j hv j hv lj hvvl j hvl hbvl hb l h jl njlj hv lhb l l jl n fl lh bl jln jflk kjh v jf Lljhlk jh v ljh vl kj jh jlnjf lj h j ñjb vl lkjvlh hblb bk bk Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhblbkjbkñjbkj jh hv Llj kj bkñj h jl nj vlh lbjh lb vlhkjb hblb Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhblbkjbkñjbkj kj flkjh vlkbk blb k jbhbl l blb ñjbjb Lljh vlj lhkñ vlhb Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhblbkjbkñjbkj hvlj kñ hv kjhv jlnjf kj lj k jljhjbkj bk lh jb fllkjhv hvblb hv kkjb ñjb jlnj flkjljh flkjj kñjbkj vlh jlnj jlnjkj bl Lljh Lljh Lljh

Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhbl Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhblbkjbkñjbkj

Lljh jlnjflkjhvljhvlhblbkjbkñjbkj

Llj

L lj hj L lj ln h Ll jf lk j ln jh

Lljh Lljh jlnjf jlnj flkjhvljh vlhb lkjhvljhv lhblbkjb l Lljh jlnjf kñjbkj lkjhvljhv lhblbkjb kñjb

L lj

5

2

Screw a small hook or eyelet into the ball and secure with appropriate glue.

Make a mixture of white PVA glue and water in a large margarine tub.

Lljh

4

Test tube rack

Find a ball (small plastic or old tennis) that is about 4 x smaller than your classroom globe. (Precise, 3.66 x smaller)

GLUE

3

Test Old tennis tube rack ball or plastic Test tube ball rack

h

1

Paper 100 ml beaker PVA glueBeaker Hook 250mlPaintbrush Test tube and19mm paint

© Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved

kj


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Shoe box guitar Retort Print and stand photocopy set template 100 ml beaker (followingBeaker page) 250ml Shoe box Test tube Scissors 19mm

1

Brass Test tube paperrack fasteners Test tube Elastic rackbandsTest Glue tube rack

Draw and cut out a circular hole in a shoe box lid as shown below. Make 6 holes in the box lid then insert brass paper fasteners to hold the rubber bands in position.

2 !

3

To make the bridge, stick the template (see following page) to some card (cereal packet) then cut out.

4

Fold the card down the middle then cut out six notches for the strings. Finally stick the bridge to the shoe box lid by folding and glueing the tabs.

5

Use a well ventilated area for gluing.

Make your strings by cutting six rubber bands. To finish, tie the strings to the paper fasteners, positioning each in its corresponding notch on the bridge.

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fo ld

ld fo

Shoe box guitar

fo

ld

fo

ld

fold

cut notches

fold

cut notches

Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved


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Quiz board 6V torch light bulb and holder

Cables and clips

Battery 4.5V

Nails

Card

Aluminium foil

Sticky tape

Hole punch

Make a quiz board as shown in the diagram below.

Make holes with a hole punch. Aluminium Foil. Use sellotape as an insulator. Which floats in water? Which is a non metal? Which is a liquid? Which is magnetic? Which has the highest density?

Au Fe C Hg Na

FRONT

BACK

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Build your own electroscope Rectangular glass jar

1

0.5mm copper cable

Plastic tubing

Pass a copper wire of about 0.5 mm through a section of plastic tubing.

3

Drill a hole in the plastic lid, pass the tube into the hole and secure with a glue gun.

4

Rap some aluminium foil around the spiral to complete the platform.

Glue gun

Aluminium foil

2

Copper tracking

Hammer and nail

Wind one end of the wire into a spiral to form the platform.

Plastic lid

5

Form the other end of the wire into a hook from which to hang the two foils.

6

Make the foils from two sections of copper tracking used in electronics.

7

Carefully punch a hole in each section using a hammer and nail or drawing pin then hang them from the hook.

Rectangular jam jars make it easier to observe the foils

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How to make soap T Tx4 /rack

1

Pipette

Bk 100ml x2/stirrer

Water bath

Salt

NaOH

Castor oil

Ethanol

Funnel/filter paper

Prepare test tubes containing the following:

Ethanol Sodium Chloride

NaOH ALKALI

Castor Oil Castor oil 2ml

!

2

Wear safety goggles.

Add 2ml of castor oil then 5ml of Ethanol to a 100ml beaker then stir.

3

Use a pipette to add 10ml of NaOH solution to the mixture and stir.

4

Prepare a water bath using boiling water from a kettle then position the small beaker in the bath.

HOT WATER BATH

5

NaOH 10ml

Stir the mixture continually for about five minutes, topping up the bath with hot water if it cools down too much.

Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved

Ethanol 5ml


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How to make soap Bk250 ml

Tripod/gauze

B/burner

Splint

Funnel glass

6

Prepare a 10ml saturated salt solution in a test tube then add this to the mixture in the beaker and stir.

7

Allow the mixture to cool and observe the precipitation of soap at the surface.

Retort stand set

Tubing plastic

Limewater (expt 9.3)

HOT WATER BATH

COLD WATER BATH

8

Filter the contents of the beaker so that the soap collects in the filter paper

Rubber stopper with hole

Water

9

Suck the excess Sodium Hydroxide solution from the soap using a water pump as indicated opposite.

Plastic bottle with hole at base

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e-Science Workbooks: Elementary School: 2010-11 nt 0+ e 25 rim pe ex s

eg a v in r

Grades: 1-5

Experiment manual for elementary school: CHEMISTRY Provides over 250 experiments, demonstrations and investigations which complement every section of the elementary schools chemistry syllabus, using simple, inexpensive and safe apparatus. In addition comprehensive equipment lists are included to help with preparation before each unit. Material may be viewed on interactive whiteboards. FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. Price $49.99 Experiment manual for elementary school: PHYSICS

n 0+ e 2 5 rim pe ex

Grades:1-5

Grades: 1-5

ts

Provides over 250 experiments, demonstrations and investigations which complement every section of the elementary schools physics syllabus, using simple, inexpensive and safe apparatus. In addition comprehensive equipment lists are included to help with preparation before each unit. Material may be viewed on interactive whiteboards. FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. Price $49.99

Experiment manual for elementary school: PHYSICAL SCIENCE Provides over 200 experiments, demonstrations and investigations which complement every section of the elementary schools physical science syllabus, using simple, inexpensive and safe apparatus. In addition comprehensive equipment lists are included to help with preparation before each unit. Material may be viewed on interactive whiteboards. FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. (Please Note: Physical science = Physics + Chemistry combined ) Price $89.99 MAKE IT IN SCIENCE: Elementary school Provides over 80 design and construction projects which complement the elementary science curriculum “hand in glove”. The projects use cheap, recyclable materials and cover electricity, light, forces, magnetism and materials. FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. Price $29.99 (new price)

© Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved


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e-Science Workbooks: Elementary School: 2010-11 Video Workbooks (V.I.E.W.) VideoImpact Electronic Workbooks Elementary Science By Martin Roberts

Digital worksheets that contain short video clips of Curriculum relevant experiments and scientific phenomena. Children study the clips, make observations and draw appropriate conclusions. Their observational skills are enhanced and understanding is developed by following questions related to the video theme. The worksheets may be used In class: Worksheet are projected on IWB. Double click on video clip allows full screen viewing in HD mode. Printed photocopies of worksheet are handed to children who carry out activities as they follow the video. The videos may be played over and over again.

In ICT: Students work on files pre-installed on server type and save in their portfolios. The gases around us $21.99

More Info

FREE DEMO

Physical and Chemical Changes $21.99

More Info

FREE DEMO

Forces in action $21.99

More Info

FREE DEMO

Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved


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e-Science Workbooks: Middle School: 2010-11 Experiment manual for middle school: CHEMISTRY Provides rapid navigation through more than 300 illustrated experiment worksheets. This manual is designed to help teachers to plan and organise practical work as they progress through the curriculum. It provides experiments, demonstrations and investigations which complement every section of the middle school chemistry syllabus, using simple and safe materials and equipment. May be viewed on interactive whiteboards. The price includes FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. Price $59.99 Experiment manual for middle school: PHYSICS

Grades: 6-8

Provides rapid navigation through more than 300 illustrated experiment worksheets. This manual is designed to help teachers to plan and organise practical work as they progress through the curriculum. It provides experiments, demonstrations and investigations which complement every section of the middle school physics syllabus, using simple and safe materials and equipment. May be viewed on interactive whiteboards. The price includes FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. Price $59.99

Grades:6- 8

Experiment manual for middle school: PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Ink

Provides rapid navigation through more than 600 illustrated experiment worksheets. This manual is designed to help teachers to plan and organise practical work as they progress through the curriculum. It provides experiments, demonstrations and investigations which complement every section of the middle school physical science syllabus, using simple and safe materials and equipment. May be viewed on interactive whiteboards. The price includes FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. (Please Note: Physical science = Physics + Chemistry combined ) Price $109.99 Science Dominoes : Middle school A GREAT WAY of reinforcing learning across all the topics of the Key Stage 3 science curriculum: simply print and cut sets then allow children to play quietly in pairs or groups of three. Alternatively use the sets to provide a quick and exciting way of getting children involved in lesson starter activities that can be used over and over again to consolidate knowledge. Time them against the clock with their speed of recall - no-one knows when it will be their turn! The idea of the whole class against the clock or the teacher is always popular. Contains 36 domino sets (Publisher Format) covering all KS3 science units. Full site licence allows UNLIMITED PHOTOCOPYING. Price $29.99

MAKE IT IN SCIENCE: Middle school Provides over 100 design and construction projects which complement the KS3 science curriculum “hand in glove”. The projects use cheap, recyclable materials and cover electricity, light, forces, magnetism and materials. FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy. Price $34.99 (new price)

© Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved


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e-Science Workbooks: Middle School: 2010-11 Videoimpact electronic workbooks Middle and High School

Video Workbooks (V.I.E.W.) Digital worksheets that contain short video clips of experiments and scientific phenomena. Children study the clips, make observations and draw appropriate conclusions. Their observational skills are enhanced and understanding is developed by following questions related to the video theme.

By Martin Roberts

The worksheets may be used In class: IWB students use photocopies and write their answers In ICT: Students work on files pre installed on server type and save in their portfolios.

At home: (If intranet is available) Students down load file from school server . Complete document print and stick in exercise book OR upload to teacher for marking. GREEN: PAPER FREE TECHNOLOGY: Technically (although you may wish to follow more conventional methods) the worksheets can be distributed, contested, corrected (using acrobats comment facility for marking) and returned to students without printing paper. VIEW worksheets: Carbon Dioxide $21.99

More Info

FREE DEMO

Oxygen and Burning $24.99

More Info

FREE DEMO

Sulphur Chemistry $14.99

More Info

FREE DEMO

Charge and the Van de Graaff $34.99

More Info

FREE DEMO

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e-Science Workbooks: High School: 2010-11 Experiment Manual for High School CHEMISTRY Carbon and Iron III Oxide

Limewater

Glycerine

BORAX

Potassium Permanganate

An e-manual providing rapid navigation through more than 200 illustrated experiment worksheets with clear instructions and follow up questions. This new edition is designed to help teachers plan and organise practical activities as they progress through the High School Chemistry curriculum. Contains experiments, demonstrations and investigations that cover: The Particle Model, Experimental Techniques, Atoms, Elements and Compounds, Stoichiometry, Electrolysis, Chemical Changes, Chemical Reactions, Acids Bases and Salts, The Periodic Table, Metals, Air and Water, Sulphur Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry. Equipment lists are included to help with preparation before each unit. Material may be viewed on interactive whiteboards. The price includes FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy.

Experiment Manual for High School PHYSICS

6 4 ac

An e-manual providing rapid navigation through more than 200 illustrated experiment worksheets with clear instructions and follow up questions. This new edition is designed to help teachers plan and organise practical activities as they progress through the High School Physics curriculum.

8 10

2

12

dc

Contains experiments, demonstrations and investigations that cover Movement and Momentum, Mass, Weight and Density, Forces and Pressure, Energy, Work and Power, Thermal Physics, Properties of Waves, Electricity and Magnetism, Atomic Physics and Electronics. Equipment lists are included to help with preparation before each unit. Material may be viewed on interactive whiteboards. The price includes FULL SITE LICENCE which provides permission to print and photocopy.

Price $49.99

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Address: e-Science Workbooks, MDR Publishing, 2964 Columbia St, Suite # 26390, Torrance, CA 90503

Fax :1-877-818-2436 Tel :1-877-818-2436

Name:

Position:

School:

Street:

Town:

State:

Zip Code:

email:

Price Full Site Elementary School Expt Manual for Elementary School: Chemistry

$49.99

Expt Manual for Elementary School: Physics

$49.99

Expt Manual for Elementary School: Physical Science

$89.99

Make it in science: Elementary School

$29.99

Video Worksheets : The Gases Around Us

$21.99

Physical and Chemical Changes

$21.99

Forces in Action

$21.99

Middle School Expt Manual for Middle School : Physics

$59.99

Expt Manual for Middle School : Physics

$59.99

Expt manual for Middle School : Physical Science

$109.99

Science Dominoes

$29.99

Make it in science: Middle School

$34.99

Video Worksheets: Carbon Dioxide

$21.99

Oxygen and Burning

$24.99

Sulfur Chemistry

$14.99

Charge and the Van de Graaff

$29.99

High School Experiment Manual for High School Chemistry

$49.99

Experiment Manual for High School Physics

$49.99

Allow $5.00 for shipping.

Š Martin Roberts 2010. All rights reserved

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