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SITE

snapshot

P+W: Rick Hintz Meredith Hayes Gordon Jamuna Golden

broad understanding, deep analysis

M

UN

RESEAR CH FOR SCHOOL OF

ARCHITECTURE

IV E

R SIT

Y O F MIN N

ES O

ACTICES PR

UMN: Jim Lutz John Comazzi Renee Cheng

CONSORTI U

MSRP: Matt Tierney

TA

a tool kit for healthcare design in rural Africa and beyond


SITE

snapshot

a tool kit for healthcare design in rural Africa and beyond

Research Objectives Develop a contextual understanding of the Maasai and Kipsigis peoples

1 of Kenya through research and create a report for P+W New York office. 2 Capture fundraising potential and market position by packaging the process of site investigation in a replicable, interactive format.

3 Develop a site analysis tool that allows architects to consider an unfamiliar site holistically and deliver projects from afar.

broad understanding, deep analysis


DIS connect

how to bridge the gap between disconnected places and vastly different ways of working?

source: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/world.html


Abstract This paper introduces an interactive, software-based tool developed by the author to assist architects and engineers in making informed decisions when designing healthcare projects in rural Africa. The Rural Healthcare Design Toolkit advises culturally and environmentally sensitive design decisions based on the complex interactions among infrastructure, human behavior, and the natural environment present in rural African locations. The Toolkit uses systems thinking to identify important social and environmental relationships causing "illness", specifies building and site design considerations, and sets performance-based goals to encourage the use of sustainable building practices in rural contexts. The research methodology underpinning the tool interrogates green building rating systems, community engagement guides, and human development indices, identifying both common metrics and critical gaps of current technologies, which, when aggregated, became the basis for a new tool. Building and site design considerations were gathered from existing rating systems including the Living Building Challenge (LBC), BREEAM for Healthcare, LEED for Healthcare, the Sustainable Sites Initiative (SSI), the Green Guide to Healthcare, and the Sustainable Building Assessment Tool (SBAT) Further, to inform effective strategies for creating a deep contextual analysis, conducting stakeholder interviews, holding community design sessions, and fostering collaborative partnerships with other organizations, the "Human-Centered Design Toolkit" by IDEO, "A Guide to Partnering" by Design Impact, and the "Community Design Primer" by Randolph Hester Were sourced as best practices guides. Lastly, to align project-scaled objectives with global goals for sustainable development, the Millennium Development Goals (UN 2013) and the Human Development Report (UNDP 2013) were included and compared in the matrix. The Rural Healthcare Design Toolkit hopes to act as a resource for architects, engineers, and landscape architects outside of Africa. The list of considerations aims at creating appropriate, project-specific, healthcare solutions derived from patterns in the environment linking ecological health, the built environment, economic infrastructure, and human behavior. It empowers designers to develop projects that simultaneously address ecological and human health concerns at their roots while providing community amenities throughout the design, construction, and occupancy of the project.


CASES

kenya Organic Health Response

kibera girls soccer academy

2

1

2008

4

KGSA SAFEHOUSE

SOLAR AQUAPONICS

EKIALO KIONA CENTER

1

3

perkins + will

BARAKA CLINIC

2010 2

2012

2009 3

2014

2012 4

2013

2014


CASES

kenya MFANGANO

400 MI 200 MI

M. MARA

NAIROBI

K TA ENY N A AN IA

ARUSHA


1 EKIALO KIONA COMMUNITY HIV CENTER This project sought to provide a resource for community members. A VCT testing center allowed participants to know their HIV status, and in turn be able to utilize this community center. With over 3,000 people tested and over 15 micro clinic programs launched since inception in 2010, this model has been a huge success. Leveraging HIV testing with internet access and community programming, stigma within the community has been reduced and the presence of the pathogen has reduced. Leveraging other programs that aim to treat the root cause of the pathogen, OHR has created a community led program that is truly grassroots.

MFANGANO

type: community health structure duration: 6 weeks on-site/1 year total location: Mfangano Island, Kenya organization: organic health response size: 25,000 sq ft

~400 MI ~200 MI

M. MARA

NAIROBI

K TA ENY NZ A AN IA

ARUSHA


CLIMATE

response SOLAR SHADING/CAPTURE SHADING/CAPTURE SOLAR SOLAR SHADING/CAPTURE large overhangs large overhangs and solar and solar large overhangs and solar angles a key part of making angles werepart a key part of making angles were a key of were making this uilding a cool this uilding a coolfor place for place for this uilding a cool place people to gather. people to gather. Active solarActive solar people to gather. Active solar provides much provides much of the electricity provides much of the electricity of the electricity for the center. the center. for the for center.

SolarÊPath:ÊLittleÊVariationÊthroughoutÊYear SolarÊPath:Ê LittleÊVariationÊthroughoutÊYear SolarÊPath:Ê LittleÊVariationÊthroughoutÊYear LAttitude 7ÊÊN LAttitude 7ÊÊN LAttitude 7ÊÊN SolarÊAltitudeÊ83ÊÊ SolarÊAltitudeÊ83ÊÊ

solar powered center solar powered center solar powered center

SolarÊAltitudeÊ83ÊÊ

WATER CATCHMENT CATCHMENT WATERWATER CATCHMENT ecause this2 area this area has rainy has 2 rainy ecause ecause this area has 2 rainy seasons sandwiched seasons sandwiched y dry hot y dry hot seasons sandwiched y dry hot pumping is not a andseasons pumping is not a seasons seasons and pumping is not aand viale option vialefor option for offor themost of the viale option most of most the island, water catchment was a island,catchment water catchment a island, water was a was key factor to consider. key to factor to consider. key factor consider. LakeÊVictoria LakeÊVictoria Shamba

Shamba

INTERNET

fisheries  lake management  lake management fisheriesfisheries  lake management

Shamba

WIND PATTERNS WIND PATTERNS WIND PATTERNS

MorningÊWinds MORNING WINDS MorningÊWinds MORNING WINDS MorningÊWinds MORNING WINDS

INTERNET INTERNET

LakeÊVictoria

EVENING WINDS EveningÊWinds EVENING EveningÊWinds EVENING WINDS WINDS EveningÊWinds

VCT

VCT

VCT

Both the centers and its the centers energy its Both theBoth centers energy and its and energy passive cooling rely strategies rely strategies passive passive cooling cooling strategies rely the on the diurnal winddiurnal patterns on the diurnal windon patterns of windofpatterns of the islands side. Some of the islands south side. Some of the islands south side. Some ofsouth the highest recorded the highest wind speeds wind speeds the highest recordedrecorded wind speeds and consistencies were recorded and consistencies were recorded and consistencies were recorded from our wind tower. from our wind tower. from our wind tower. wind powered internet wind powered internet wind powered internet


2 AQUAPONIC ALCHEMY After winning a first place prize in the Berkeley "Big Ideas" Grant competition in the category of global poverty alleviation, an immense amount of research and development went into creating a viable aquaponic system (growing fish and vegetables together) for rural deployment. A team of architecture, landscape architecture and planning students collaborated to create a completely "off-the-grid" farming system providing protein, greens, and fruit year round.

type: design/build agriculture system duration: 1 year research, 5 weeks on-site location: Mfangano Island, Kenya organization: organic health response & UC Berkeley size: 3,800 gallons (12' W x 40' L x 16' H)

MFANGANO

~400 MI ~200 MI

M. MARA

NAIROBI

K TA ENY NZ A AN IA

ARUSHA


Weldging Rods Sheet Metal

Building Materials (Co+nstituents) Poly-lining Metal Primer

PROJECT

delivery

TRANSPORTATION FROM KISUMU TO MFANGANO ISLAND

Rods Con-ta Glue Weldging (not used)

Materials Building Materials (Co+nstituents) Poly-lining

Concrete - (15) 50 Kg Bags Plumbing & Con-ta Fixtures Glue (not used) Water-Proof Materials Add-mixture Concrete - (15) 50 Kg Bags Sheet Metal Plumbing & Fixtures Materials List Chicken Mesh Water-Proof MATERIALS LIST Metal PrimerSheet Metal Add-mixture Materials List Welders Mesh Chicken Mesh Item Length/DimenCost/ Units MATERIALS LIST Rods Metal Primer Weldging sions Unit Welders Mesh Length/DimenRebar Item Cost/ Sump Components Weldging Rods sions Unit Poly-lining 2 sump containers IBC’s or similar 50 2 Rebar Sump Components “Timber” - 2x3, 2x4, 2x6 Solar Pump and Aerator Assembly sun pumps 2500 1 Poly-lining 2 sump containers IBC’s or similar 50 Con-ta Glue (not used) - 2x3,sun 2x4, 2x6 Daytime Pump Solar Pump sun pumps and Aerator“Timber” Assembly pumps 2500 Shovels, Tape Measures, Gloves, Goggles Con-ta Glue (notsun used) Daytime Pump pumps Shovels, Tape Measures, Gloves, Goggles Concrete - (15) 50 Kg Bags Nighttime Pump sun pumps 3HP controller Battery Pack Inverter solar array 4x 100W @ 24v bell siphons irrigation tube Saplings

Nighttime Pump 3HP controller

Concrete - (15) 50 Kg Bags sun pumpssun pumps

Units

2 1

Total Cost

Location Location

100 KSU 2500 100 USA KSU 0 2500 USA USA 0 0

0 0 0

USA

USA USA USA

sun pumps USA Water-Proof Water-Proof Add-mixture Add-mixture Transport 24v 100 4 400 400 KSU Transport Battery Pack 100 4 KSU Chicken MeshChicken Mesh 24v Drivers Drive -Kisumu to 500 1 500 Hired Van Two (Matatu), Two -Drivers Drive Kisumu to Lwanda Inverter Hired Van (Matatu), 500 1 Lwanda 500 USA USA Welders Mesh Welders Mesh Ferryto- Lwanda solar array Ferry - Lwanda Mbita to Mbita Rebar 4x 100WRebar @ 24v 300 4 1200 KSU 4 1200 KSU Public Boat (50’-assorted Canoe)PVC - 300 Mbita to8 Mfangano bell siphons 8 64 USA Public Boat (50’ Canoe) Mbita to Mfangano assorted PVC 8 8 64 400 USA “Timber” - 2x3, 2x4, 2x6foot irrigation tube per linear 4 100 KSU “Timber” - 2x3,per 2x4, 2x6foot linear KSU Saplings 8’ lengths 4 1 100 20 400 20 MFG

Shovels, Tape Measures, Gloves, Goggles 8’ lengths 1 20

8’ lengths Goggles 5 Shovels, Tape Measures, Gloves,

2x10 Treated Lumber Nails/Staples 2x10 Treated Lumber lag bolts Nails/Staples PVC Pipe 1” Diameter lag bolts PVC Pipe 2” Diameter PVC Pipe 1” Diameter Ball Valves 2” type PVC Pipe 2” Diameter Connectors Silicon Glue Ball Valves 2” type PVC Glue Connectors

Hired Ferry

20

20 1 100 1 25 12 20 12 Kisumu 12 60to 30 60 10 60 10 90

Public Boat (50’ Canoe) - Mbita to Mfangano

MFG

100 KSU 25 KSU KSU 20 KSU KSU 60 KSU KSU 60 KSU KSU Lwanda 60 USA KSU 90 KSU 20 KSU USA 20 KSU KSU

25 20 5 20 1 Transport 8’ ;engths 25 5 20 1 8’ ;engths 5 ;engths 5 12 Hired8’ Van (Matatu), Two Drivers - 5Drive PVC Type 8’ ;engths PVC type 5 3 12 FerryPVC - Lwanda to MbitaGrade Van (Matatu), Two Marine Drivers - 5Drive Kisumu to Lwanda 2 12 Type 2 PVC type 30 Public (50’ Canoe) - 3Mbita to Mfangano - Lwanda to Boat Mbita Marine Grade 2 10 20 2 10 20

8’ lengths

Transport

Silicon Glue PVC Glue

Total Cost

KSU KSU

TRANSPORTATION FROM KISUMU TO MFANGANO ISLAND

Project Schedule Project # Schedule #1

2

1 3 2 34 4

5

56 6

7

7

88 99 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14

14

15 16 15 17 16 18 17 19 18 20

19 20

Duty

Time (days) Duty Tools Find Materials in KSUTime 2 (days) Load Materials 1 Find Materials in KSU 2 n/a Transport to MFG 2 Load Materials 1 Truck Clear Site 1 Transport to MFG 2 Truck

Tools

P n/a Truck n Truck n Shovel/Tape Measure/Chalkn Level Clear Site 1 Shovel/Tape Measure/Chalk Line/Line n Chalk Line Site 0.25Level Line Level/Tape Measure Chalk Line Site Line Level/Tape MeasureMeasure/Chalkn Excavate Sump Areas 0.25 1 Shovel/Tape Excavate Sump Areas 1 Shovel/Tape Measure/Chalk Line/Line n Level Level Excavate Pump box 0.5 0.5 Shovel/Tape Shovel/Tape Measure/Chalkn Excavate Pump box Measure/Chalk Line/Line Level Level Install Solar Panels 7 7 Circular Saw/screwdriver/lum Install Solar Panels Circular Saw/screwdriver/lumber y Place Blocks 0.25 n Place Blocks 0.25Conc Blocks/Gravel Conc Blocks/Gravel Cut Boards to Size 0.125 Circular Saw/screwdriver/lumber y Cut Boards to Size 0.125 Circular Saw/screwdriver/lum Place Sumps in Hole 0.125 n/a n Place Sumps in Hole 0.125 n/a Place Pump in Box 1 n/a n Place Pump in Box 1 1 n/a Assemble Tank Fittings Silicone, bulkheads, other n Assemble Fittings 1 Silicone, bulkheads, other y Assemble PlantTank Bed Fit1 Silicone, bulkheads, other tings Assemble Plant Bed Fit1 Silicone, bulkheads, other Assemble PVC fittings and all ball valves y tings Splitter for Beds 1 Place Boards Splitter for Beds 0.5 n/a Assemble 1 PVC fittings and all ball valvn Place Grow Beds 0.5 n/a n Place Boards 0.5 n/a Fill Beds with Media 0.5 Gravel (3/4” diameter) n Place Grow Beds 0.5 Moneymaker n/a Pump Fill System with Water 1 y FillSystem Beds with Media 0.5 Plants Gravel (3/4” diameter) Cycle y Fill System with Water 1 Moneymaker Pump Cycle System Plants


3

KIBERA GIRLS SOCCER ACADEMY SAFEHOUSE Located in the second largest slum in the world, Kibera girls soccer academy sought a design for a dormitory that was both an extension of the existing school and a safe haven for 60 girls who had unsafe living conditions at home. During the summer of 2012 on-site visits and focus sessions with the girls and administration allowed the design to evolve in an organic way to address the climatic, economic, and social contexts that defined the area. Fundraising schematics were created and the building is scheduled for early 2013 ground breaking.

type: dormitory/school extension duration: ongoing (fundraising stage) location: Kibera slums, Nairobi, Kenya organization: KGSA size: 16,000 sq ft cost: ~ $350,000

MFANGANO

~400 MI ~200 MI

M. MARA

NAIROBI

K TA ENY NZ A AN IA

ARUSHA


COMMUNITY

engagement

SAFTEY/SHELTER

BATHING FACILITIES

THE SAFEHOUSE SEEKS TO PROVIDE 0 YOUNG WOMEN WITH SAFE HOUSING, FOOD, CLEAN DRINKING WATER, EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES, AND A PLACE TO CALL HOME WITHIN KIBERA.

EDUCATION

FOOD PHOTO CREDIT AKE TAUFER


HOLISTIC

design

Clinic

Organic Health Response

kibera girls soccer academy

2

1

EKIALO KIONA CENTER Climate Response 1

+

SOLAR AQUAPONICS Project Delivery

2008

perkins + will

3

4

SAFEHOUSE Community Engagement

+

|

BARAKA CLINIC =M A ZHolistic Design Z E T T I

2010 2

2012

2009 3

2014

2012

4

2013

2014


soft contextual boundaries

bio-climatic

socio-Cultural

infrastructure

Design solutions iemerge from the convergence of multiple interrelated factors.


What are the independent factors that need to be addressed? sun orientation wind water precipitation earth vegetation drainage water bodies Animal Species Pests

bio-climatic

socio-Cultural

Gender Issues Beliefs Spirituality Social Heirarchy Political System Sexuality Privacy Diet Traditional Medicine Health Concerns Modernization popular culture art/music/dance

infrastructure

Skilled Laborers Const Materials Medical Staff Access & Mobility Energy Sources Sanitation management in place Funding Sources Innovative thinkers Internet Access Mobile Phone Access Existing Healthcare


How do those factors interact in productive or destructive ways?

Socio-Natural

Techni-Natural

Water Extraction Housing/shelter Traditional Medicine Diet Disease/Illness Livestock/Pastoralism Farming Clothing Seasonal Movement

Solar Access Avg. Precipitation Avg. Wind Speeds Local Topography Access to site Aquifer Health Fuel Sources

socio-technical Mobile Phones Internet Media Influence Access/Mobility Construction Methods Resistance to tech Knowledge Transfer


design toolkit

HOLISTIC

1 ORGANIZE THE INFORMATION Bio-Climatic

Climate Checklist

bio-climatic approach

RESOURCES

research tools

Sun

survey tools

Wind

design tools

altitude/aspect Daylight hours Avg. temperature Vegetative cover

Character Seismic risk Contamination

Soil

sources precipitation aquifer health contamination

library

Aquatic Ecosystems Terrestrial Ecosystems Domesticated Species

Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death aquatic plants health

Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death Pastoralism Poultry Crops Pets

-FUNDRAISING CAPABILITY -REPLICABILITY -CROSS-RELATIONAL THINKING -"ONE-STOP-SHOP"

communication

construction

economics

sanitation

energy

water

access

architecture

technology

clothing / craft

health

Social Strutcture

beliefs/religion

food/water

Cultural Checklist

Avg. Speed Avg. Direction Diurnal Cycle Seasonal Cycle

Water

case studies

aquatic

terrestrial

soil/geology

wind

Precipitation

analysis

Infrastructure

ecosystems

sun/temp

SITE CITE

Socio-Cultural

2

Infrastructure Checklist

Renewable energy Potential Risk of uplift Passive cooling strategies Orientation earth construction heaving/sinking drainage potential resistive structure low mass materials crenelated floor plan lake, stream, river, wetland potable/non-potable well depth rainwater potential flooding/drought storms extinction by competition dams, bridges, boats, etc climate change effects Extinction by competition roads, bridges, deforestatoin Moving/sedentary water source/food source Cows, Goats, Sheep, Pigs, other grains, vegetables, root, trees pesticides/fertilizers ag system utilized shared household food source/water source disease present/strays

CREATE AN INTERACTIVE DESIGN TOOL


design toolkit

HOLISTIC

1 ORGANIZE THE INFORMATION Bio-Climatic

Climate Checklist

bio-climatic approach

RESOURCES

research tools

Sun

survey tools

Wind

design tools

Soil Water

library

Aquatic Ecosystems case studies

Terrestrial Ecosystems Domesticated Species

Cultural Checklist

altitude/aspect Daylight hours Avg. temperature Vegetative cover Avg. Speed Avg. Direction Diurnal Cycle Seasonal Cycle Character Seismic risk Contamination sources precipitation aquifer health contamination Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death aquatic plants health

Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death Pastoralism Poultry Crops Pets

communication

construction

economics

sanitation

energy

water

access

architecture

technology

clothing / craft

health

food/water

Social Strutcture

beliefs/religion

aquatic

terrestrial

soil/geology

wind

Precipitation

analysis

Infrastructure

ecosystems

sun/temp

SITE CITE

Socio-Cultural

2

CREATE AN INTERACTIVE DESIGN TOOL

Infrastructure Checklist

Renewable energy Potential Risk of uplift Passive cooling strategies Orientation earth construction heaving/sinking drainage potential resistive structure low mass materials crenelated floor plan lake, stream, river, wetland potable/non-potable well depth rainwater potential flooding/drought storms extinction by competition dams, bridges, boats, etc climate change effects Extinction by competition roads, bridges, deforestatoin Moving/sedentary water source/food source Cows, Goats, Sheep, Pigs, other grains, vegetables, root, trees pesticides/fertilizers ag system utilized shared household food source/water source disease present/strays

-HOLISTIC CONSIDERATIONS -MEASURABLE PERFORMANCE -FAMILIAR WAY OF "RATING" -FILLS A "GAP" IN THE "MARKET"


Project Scale Regional Scale

design

Global Scale

BUILDING

These tools work in developed contexts but there is a gap. How can they be leveraged to create sustainable design in rural African contexts such as the Baraka Clinic?


PROJECT

delivery

LOCAL

case studies 1

EKIALO KIONA CENTER

2

SOLAR AQUAPONICS

3

SAFEHOUSE

SNAP SHOT

engagement


4

BARAKA HEALTH CLINIC Just outside of the boundaries of the

maasai mara reserve, a rural health facility

needs to expand. An inpatient facility and a surgical theater are involved in phase I and an pediatric inpatient facility as well as a laundry and kitchen facility will be part of phase II. The need to accomodate a large dispersed population of maasai and kipsigis peoples make this a special design challenge.

type: rural hospital extension duration: ongoing (fundraising stage) location: narok south, Kenya organization: P+W/UMN size: 13,000 sq ft cost: ~ $850,000

MFANGANO

~400 MI ~200 MI

I T T E Z Z A M

|

M. MARA

NAIROBI

K TA ENY NZ A AN IA

ARUSHA


planning

FLEXIBLE

in patient

h

mec

OR

rile

Ste

OR

reception pavilliion

Surgery Cntr.

OR 2

1

ort

supp

reception

ry

cove

ure

Fut

/re prep

rd

Wa

rnity

mate

Elevation A (Looking East)

nt

ar

d

atie in p

y

Fu

tu

re

W

x-ra

ls

linic ing c

linic ing c

e

offic

Surgery Cntr.

so

la r

pa ne

exist

exist

admin age

Stor

r rato gene

prep/recovery

In Patient existing clinic

nk ic ta

sept

Existing Buildings Phase I Buildings Phase II Buildings

Phase II (Future Expansion) Baraka Health Center South Narok, Kenya

n

-0.93, 35.36

Concept Floor Plan Perkins + Will

12.4.13

Section B (Looking West)


MAIN SCHOOL BUILDING

MOUNTAIN VIEW

SCHOOL ZONE

MAIN SCHOOL BUILDING

VIEWS SLOPE DOWN

PE SLO N DOW

SLO P DOW E N

DEN

GAR

PROPOSED HOSPITAL SITE

SLO P DOW E N

EXISTING CLINIC

ne

SERVICE ZONE X-RAY ACCESS ROAD TO UPPER SITE EXISTING CLINIC

MAIN ENTRY

so la

r

pa ne

ls

STAFF ZONE

BIRTHING CENTER

ACCESS ROAD TO UPPER SITE

pa

P HO ATH SP TO SI ITA TE L

X-RAY

ls

STAFF ZONE

BIRTHING CENTER

r

PE SLO N DOW

EN

D GAR

P HO ATH SP TO SI ITA TE L

la

WS

VIE SL DO OPE WN

WS

so

SLOPE DOWN

PROPOSED HOSPITAL SITE

VIE SL DO OPE WN

MOUNTAIN VIEW

VIEWS

SCHOOL ZONE

SERVICE ZONE

MAIN ENTRY

SITE ANALYSIS Baraka Health Center South Narok, Kenya

n

-0.93, 35.36

Concept Floor Plan Perkins + Will

12.4.13


planning

FLEXIBLE

in patient

h

mec

OR

rile

Ste

OR

reception pavilliion

Surgery Cntr.

OR 2

1

ort

supp

reception

ry

cove

ure

Fut

/re prep

rd

Wa

rnity

mate

Elevation A (Looking East)

nt

ar

d

atie in p

y

Fu

tu

re

W

x-ra

exist

linic ing c

e

offic

linic ing c

exist

admin age

Surgery Cntr.

so

la r

pa ne

ls

Stor

prep/recovery

In Patient existing clinic

r

rato

gene

nk ic ta

sept

Existing Buildings Phase I Buildings Phase II Buildings

Phase II (Future Expansion) Baraka Health Center South Narok, Kenya

n

-0.93, 35.36

Concept Floor Plan Perkins + Will

12.4.13

Section B (Looking West)


T

OR 1

VIEWS TO THE LANDSCAPE Y

LE

TO MOUNTAIN

TO

L VA

h

mec

OR 2 OR 1

VIEWS TO THE LANDSCAPE

EY

TO

LL VA

h

mec

OR 2 OR 1

NARROW BARS AND COURTYARDS FOR

VIEWS TO THE LANDSCAPE

TING S FOR COURTYARD VENTILATION/LIGH NATURALAND NARROW BARS NATURAL VENTILATION/LIGHTING Baraka Health Center South Narok, Kenya

n

-0.93, 35.36

Concept Floor Plan Perkins + Will

Baraka Healt

12.4.13

South Narok,

Concept Floo


eco

% Rooms with connection to natural world % Rooms with connection to natural world

CR 6.7 CR 6.7

Health 10, Equity 18

Water

Water 16 10

Building + Site

14 9 8 12

BARAKA HEALTH CLINIC

3

7

Totals 8.3 5.0 9.3 5.7 3.1 3.9 35.3 5.9

10 6

IEQ IEQ

Energy Energy

58

1

46 34 2

2

1

00

Waste Waste

2

Site Site

10 10 99

1

Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement Efficiency Total Avg

3

Cost Cost

People People

44 33 22 11

|

M 2A

Feasibility + Planning type: clinic extension Cost duration: ongoing (fundraising People stage) Communication location: south narok, Kenya 3 Construction Mgmt Safety organization: P+W _ Mazzetti Politics size: 60,000 sq ft Total AVG cost: ~ $800,000 Category

Efficiency Bio-Climatic Understanding Cultural Understanding 0.0

7.4

0.0

5.2

1.0

3.0

Cultural Understanding 10.0

Politics Safety Construction Mgmt Communication People CostEfficiency

60

43.0

72%

40

29.7

74%

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

9.0

Optimal

60-80%

Satisfactory

Culture + Context

40

29.7

74%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Feasibility + Planning

60

31.2

52%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

103.8

65%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

Politics

Water 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0

Construction Mgmt

4.0

Energy Waste

Site

3.0 2.0

10.0

1.0 Communication

0.0

Construction

6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0

People

2.0

IEQ

1.0 Bio-Climatic Understanding

0.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Tier 4

80-100%

Tier 3

5.0

6.0

7.0

Optimal

60-80%

Satisfactory

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Community Engagement

60

31.2

52%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

103.8

65%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

7.0

80-100%

20.0

8.0

6.0

Tier 3

7.0

1.0

9.0

Tier 4

8.0

Totals

8.0

72%

Minimal maintenance is designed into the building and landscape systems

2.0

7.0

Percentage

community 0.0

Culture + Context

6.0

5.0 Pre 8.1

Cultural Understanding

Building + Site

5.0

6.0

Bio-Climatic Understanding

Percentage

4.0

Snapshot Project Combined Rating

5.0Management Construction Management

MAN 11

0.0

3.0

43.0

Community Engagement

5.2

2.0

10.0

Politics Safety Construction Mgmt Communication People Cost

Efficiency

7.4

1.0

Communication Communication

0.0

Achieved

Totals

20.0

Achieved

00

Total possible

Feasibility + Planning

15.0

60

9.0

6.7 10.0 10.0 7.5 2.9 2.56.8 29.7 6.07.4 6.0 2.5 31.2

10.0

Community Engagement

Safety

10.0 10.0 2.9 6.8 29.7

5.0

Total possible

Culture + Context Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding ZCommunity Z E T Engagement T I Efficiency Total Avg

0.0

7.2

Building + Site

Totals

IEQ Construction Site Safety Safety Waste Energy Water

7.2

6.7 7.5 2.5 6.0 6.0 2.5 31.2

Category

66 55

Politics Politics

10.0 10.0 2.9 6.8 29.7

Cost People Communication Construction Mgmt Safety Politics Total AVG

88 77

Totals Totals 6.7 5.3 7.5 7.5 2.5 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 2.5 10.0 31.2 42.3 5.2 7.1

6.7 5.0 7.8 4.3 15.8 3.4 43.0

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Water

Feasibility + Planning

project delivery

Building + Site

6.7 5.0 7.8 4.3 15.8 3.4 43.0

Culture + Context Construction Construction

Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

8.0

Cost

Cultural Understanding Efficiency

Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement

8.0


Health 10, Equity 18

CR 6.7

eco

% Rooms with connection to natural world

Water 9

Building + Site

8

Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

7 6

Totals 6.5 9.0 5.8 6.4 5.3 5.2 38.3 6.4

EKIALO KIONA CENTER

1

5

IEQ

Energy

4

1

3 2 1 0

6.5 9.0 5.8 6.4 5.3 5.2 38.3

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Water 0.0

6.4

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

Culture + Context Construction

Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement Efficiency Total Avg

Waste

2 Site

10.0 7.1 7.0 6.4 30.5

Efficiency Community Engagement Bio-Climatic Understanding Cultural Understanding

7.6

0.0

1.0

1.0

2.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

Feasibility + Planning

project delivery

Cost People Communication Construction Mgmt Safety Politics Total AVG

3

Cost 10 9

4.6 8.8 7.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 38.3

Politics Safety Construction Mgmt Communication People Cost 0.0

6.4

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

Totals 4.6 8.8 7.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 38.3 6.4

6

Category

4 3

Total possible

Achieved

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

Optimal

60

38.3

64%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

2 1 0

Culture + Context

40

30.5

76%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Feasibility + Planning

60

38.3

64%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

107.1

67%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

6.5 9.0 5.8 6.4 5.3 5.2 38.3

Safety

Communication

IEQ Construction Site Waste EnergyManagement Construction Water 0.0

6.4

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

Politics

10.0

Culture + Context

type: community health structure duration: 6 weeks on-site/1 year total location: Mfangano Island, Kenya organization: organic health response size: 25,000 sq ft

Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding MAN 11 Community Engagement Efficiency Total Avg

Safety

10.0 7.1 7.0 6.4 30.5

Efficiency Community Engagement

community Pre 8.1

Bio-Climatic Understanding 10.0

7.6

9.0

Feasibility + Planning

10.0 Cost 7.1 People 7.0 6.4 Communication 30.5 Construction Mgmt 7.6

Construction Mgmt

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

8.0

4.6 8.8 7.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 Efficiency 38.3 6.4

Safety Politics Total AVG

Minimal maintenance is designed into the building and landscape systems

Cultural Understanding Cultural Understanding

Totals

3

9.0

Building + Site

People

5

Building + Site

2

8.0

7 Politics

Totals

1

7.0

8

Communication

7.0 6.0 Politics 5.0 Safety 4.0 Construction Mgmt 3.0 Communication 2.0 People 1.0 0.0 Cost

0.0

Water 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0

People

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

Optimal

Total possible

Achieved

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

Building + Site

60

38.3

64%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

Culture + Context

40

30.5

76%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Feasibility + Planning

60

38.3

64%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

107.1

67%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

Totals

Waste

Site

Construction

IEQ

Bio-Climatic Understanding

10.0

Cost

Cultural Understanding Efficiency

Category

Energy

Community Engagement

Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement

10.0


Health 10, Equity 18

CR 6.7

eco

% Rooms with connection to natural world

Water 8

Building + Site

7 6

Totals 8.0 6.7 5.5 7.4 6.6 3.6 37.7 6.3

AQUAPONIC ALCHEMY

2

5 IEQ

Energy

4

1

3 2 1 0

Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

8.0 6.7 5.5 7.4 6.6 3.6 37.7

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Water 0.0

6.3

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

Culture + Context Construction

Waste

2 Site

Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement Efficiency Total Avg

10.0 8.6 5.0 4.0 27.6

Efficiency Community Engagement Bio-Climatic Understanding Cultural Understanding 0.0

6.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

Feasibility + Planning

project delivery

3

Cost 10 9

Cost People Communication Construction Mgmt Safety Politics Total AVG

9.7 6.3 3.3 9.0 6.0 5.0 39.3

Politics Safety Construction Mgmt Communication People Cost 0.0

6.5

2.0

4.0

6.0

Totals 9.7 6.3 3.3 9.0 6.0 5.0 39.3 6.5

6

Category

Total possible

Achieved

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

Optimal

Building + Site

60

37.7

63%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

Culture + Context

40

27.6

69%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Feasibility + Planning

60

39.3

65%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

104.6

65%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

People

5 4 3 2 1 0

Building + Site Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

8.0 6.7 5.5 7.4 6.6 3.6 37.7

Safety

Communication

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Construction Management Water 0.0

6.3

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

Politics

10.0

Culture + Context 2

10.0

7 Politics

Totals

1

8.0

8

Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding MAN 4 Community Engagement MAN 11 Efficiency Total Avg

type: design/build agriculture system Feasibility + Planning Totals duration: 1 year research, 5 weeks on-site Cost 10.0 People 8.6 location: Mfangano Island, Kenya 5.0 Communication 4.0 3 Construction Mgmt 27.6 organization: organic health response & UC Berkeley Safety 6.9 size: 3,800 gallons (12' W x 40' L x 16' H)Politics Total AVG

Safety

10.0 8.6 5.0 4.0 27.6

Efficiency Community Engagement

community

Bio-ClimaticPre Understanding 8.1

Detailed user guide of landscape and building provided in mainly graphic format Minimal maintenance is designed into the building and landscape systems

Cultural Understanding Cultural Understanding 0.0 10.0

6.9

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

Construction Mgmt

10.0

9.0

9.7 6.3 3.3 9.0 6.0 5.0 39.3 Efficiency 6.5

Communication

8.0 7.0 Politics 6.0 Safety 5.0 Construction Mgmt 4.0 Communication 3.0 People 2.0 Cost 1.0 0.0

0.0

Water 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0

People

2.0

4.0

Bio-Climatic Understanding

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

Optimal

Total possible

Achieved

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

Building + Site

60

37.7

63%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

Culture + Context

40

27.6

69%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

65%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

65%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

Feasibility + Planning Totals

60

39.3

160

104.6

Community Engagement

Waste

Site

Construction

IEQ

Cost

Cultural Understanding Efficiency

Category

Energy

Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement

12.0


Health 10, Equity 18

CR 6.7

eco

% Rooms with connection to natural world

Water 10

Building + Site

9 8 7

Totals 8.3 5.0 9.3 5.7 3.1 3.9 35.3 5.9

KGSA SAFEHOUSE

3

6 IEQ

Energy

5

1

4 3 2 1 0

Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

8.3 5.0 9.3 5.7 3.1 3.9 35.3

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Water 0.0

5.9

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

Culture + Context Construction

Waste

2 Site

Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement Efficiency Total Avg

8.6 5.0 9.1 6.8 29.5

Efficiency Community Engagement Bio-Climatic Understanding Cultural Understanding 0.0

7.4

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

Feasibility + Planning

project delivery

3

Cost 10 9

Cost People Communication Construction Mgmt Safety Politics Total AVG

5.3 7.5 7.5 6.0 6.0 10.0 42.3

Politics Safety Construction Mgmt Communication People Cost 0.0

7.1

2.0

4.0

6.0

Totals 5.3 7.5 7.5 6.0 6.0 10.0 42.3 7.1

6

Category

Total possible

Achieved

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

Optimal

Building + Site

60

35.3

59%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

Culture + Context

40

29.5

74%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Feasibility + Planning

60

42.3

71%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

107.1

67%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

People

5 4 3 2 1 0

Building + Site Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

8.3 5.0 9.3 5.7 3.1 3.9 35.3

Safety

Communication

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Construction Management Water 0.0

5.9

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

Politics

10.0

Culture + Context 2

type: dormitory/school extension duration: ongoing (fundraising stage) location: Kibera slums, Nairobi, Kenya organization: KGSA size: 16,000 sq ft cost: ~ $350,000

Cultural Understanding Bio-Climatic Understanding MAN 11 Community Engagement Efficiency Total Avg 5.0 Cost 9.1 People 6.8 29.5 Communication 7.4 Construction Mgmt Safety Politics Total AVG

Safety

8.6 5.0 9.1 6.8 29.5

Efficiency Community Engagement

community Pre 8.1

Minimal maintenance is designed into the building and landscape systems

Bio-Climatic Understanding

Construction Mgmt

Cultural Understanding Cultural Understanding 10.0

7.4

Totals

Feasibility + Planning 8.6

3

10.0

7 Politics

Totals

1

8.0

8

9.0

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

8.0 7.0

5.3 7.5 7.5 6.0 6.0 Efficiency 10.0 42.3 7.1

Communication

6.0

Politics5.0 Safety4.0 Construction Mgmt3.0 Communication2.0 1.0 People0.0 Cost 0.0

Water 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0

People

Total possible

Achieved

Building + Site

60

35.3

Culture + Context

40

29.5

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

Feasibility + Planning Totals

Optimal

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

59%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

74%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Community Engagement

Waste

Site

Construction

IEQ

Bio-Climatic Understanding

12.0

Cost

Cultural Understanding Efficiency

Category

Energy

60

42.3

71%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

107.1

67%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement

12.0


2

1

3

3

|

Health 10, Equity 18 Health 10, Equity 18

Health 10, Equity 18 % Rooms with connection to natural world

CR 6.7

CR 6.7

% Rooms with connection to natural world

6 5

IEQ

Energy

4 3

eco

Totals 6.5 9.0 5.8 6.4 5.3 5.2 38.3 6.4

Totals 8.0 6.7 5.5 7.4 6.6 3.6 37.7 6.3

2 1 0

5 IEQ

4 3 2 1 0

Construction Construction

8 12

8 7

Totals 8.3 Energy 5.0 9.3 5.7 3.1 3.9 35.3 5.9

6

7

14 9

9

7

8

% Rooms with connection to natural world % Rooms with connection to natural world Water

Water 16 10

Water 10

Water 8

Water 9

6 IEQ

Energy

5 4 3 2 1 0

Construction

Waste

M A Z Z E T T I

CR 6.7 CR 6.7

Equity 18 % Rooms with connection toHealth natural10, world

CR 6.7

7

Totals 8.3 5.0 9.3 5.7 3.1 3.9 35.3 5.9

10 6

IEQ IEQ

Energy Energy

58 46 34 2

2

1

00

Construction Construction

Waste

Waste Waste

Waste

Site Site

Site

Site Site

Cost

Cost Cost

9

9 8 7

project delivery

Totals 4.6 8.8 7.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 38.3 6.4

6

Politics

People

5 4 3 2 1 0

Safety

Totals 9.7 6.3 3.3 9.0 6.0 5.0 39.3 6.5

8 7 Politics

3 2 1 0

Safety

Communication

community

10.0 7.1 7.0 6.4 30.5 7.6

7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 0.0

7

10.0 8.6 5.0 4.0 27.6 6.9

7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0

Bio-Climatic Understanding

3 2 1 0

Safety

Communication

8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0

Bio-Climatic Understanding

0.0

Community Engagement

Community Engagement Community Engagement

22 11 00

Safety Safety

Communication Communication

Management Construction Management

Pre 8.1

Minimal maintenance is designed into the building and landscape systems

Cultural Understanding 10.0 9.0 8.0

Totals 10.0 10.0 2.9 6.8 29.7 7.4

7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0

1.0 Efficiency

People People

44 33

9.0

Totals 8.6 5.0 9.1 6.8 29.5 7.4

66 55

Politics Politics

MAN Minimal maintenance is designed into the building and11 landscape systems

Pre 8.1

Cost Cost

88 77

Cultural Understanding 10.0

1.0 0.0

Totals Totals 6.7 5.3 7.5 7.5 People2.5 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 2.5 10.0 31.2 42.3 5.2 7.1

Construction Management

2.0 Efficiency

5 4

9.0 8.0

6

Politics

Detailed user guide of landscape and building provided in mainly graphic format Minimal maintenance is designed into the building MAN 11and landscape systems

Totals

1.0 Efficiency

8

Cultural Understanding 10.0

9.0 8.0

Communication

Pre 8.1

Cultural Understanding 10.0

Totals

9

Totals 5.3 7.5 People 7.5 6.0 6.0 10.0 42.3 7.1

Construction Management

MAN 4 Minimal maintenance is designed into the building and landscape MAN 11 systems

Pre 8.1

5 4

Construction Management

MAN 11

6

10 10 99

10

10

10

Bio-Climatic Understanding

Efficiency

0.0

Community Engagement

Bio-Climatic Understanding


Building + Site

1

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

1

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

People

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0

8.3 5.0 9.3 5.7 3.1 3.9 35.3

Water 10.0 Politics 9.0 Culture + Context 8.0 Cultural Understanding Safety 7.0 Bio-Climatic Understanding 2 Community Engagement 6.0 Efficiency 5.0 Total Construction Mgmt 4.0 Avg 3.0 2.0 Feasibility + Planning 1.0 Cost Communication 0.0 People

3

3.0

Water Energy Waste Site Construction IEQ Total AVG

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Water 0.0

5.9

Energy

8.6 5.0 9.1 6.8 29.5

2.0

8.0

10.0 Safety

3

Community Engagement Bio-Climatic Understanding Cultural Understanding Site

Construction Mgmt 0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

10.0 Communication

5.3 7.5 7.5 6.0 6.0 10.0 42.3

Politics Construction Safety Construction Mgmt Communication People IEQ Cost

80-100%

Optimal

60-80%

Satisfactory

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

4.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

Cultural Understanding

Optimal

Total possible

Achieved

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

Building + Site Community Engagement

60

35.3

59%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

Culture + Context

40

29.5

74%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

60

42.3

71%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

107.1

67%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

Bio-Climatic Understanding

Feasibility + Planning Totals

2

4.0

5.0

6.0

6.0

8.0

7.0

8.0

10.0

9.0

10.0

10.0

12.0

Water Energy Waste 1 Site Construction IEQ Water Total 10.0 Politics Energy AVG 9.0 Culture + Context 8.0 Cultural Understanding Safety 7.0 Bio-Climatic Understanding 6.0 2 Community Engagement 5.0 Efficiency Construction Mgmt 4.0 Total 3.0 Avg 2.0 + Planning Feasibility 1.0 Cost Communication 0.0 People Communication 3 Construction Mgmt Safety Politics People Total AVG Cost

Optimal

80-100%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

6.7 5.0 7.8 4.3 15.8 3.4 43.0

Snapshot Project Combined Rating

IEQ Construction Site Waste Energy Water

Clinic

0.0

7.2

5.0

10.0

15.0

Totals

Politics

20.0

6.7 7.5 2.5 6.0 6.0 2.5 31.2

4.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0

9.0

2.0

10.0

1.0 Communication

Politics Construction Safety Construction Mgmt Communication People Cost IEQ

Total possible

Achieved

Site

3.0 0.0

0.0

People |

0.0

Waste

5.0 Construction Mgmt

Cultural Understanding

5.2

Energy

6.0

4

Community Engagement

9.0 7.0

Efficiency Bio-Climatic Understanding

Water 10.0 8.0

Safety

10.0 Waste 10.0 2.9 6.8 Site 29.7 7.4

Efficiency Bio-Climatic Understanding 60 43.0 Building + Site Community Engagement 40 29.7 Culture + Context

Feasibility + Planning

Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

Construction

IEQ

M A Z Z E T T I

6.0

7.0

Cultural Understanding

Category

Tier 4

Construction

Cost

Building + Site

2.0

Site

IEQ

Efficiency

Category

Tier 3

Waste

Cultural Understanding Efficiency

Tier 4

Energy

People

0.0

7.1

Cost

6.0

Efficiency

Waste

7.4

Communication Construction Mgmt Safety Politics Total AVG

4.0

Water 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0

Politics

Optimal

Percentage

Tier 4

80-100%

72%

Tier 3

60-80%

Satisfactory

74%

Tier 2

40-60%

Significant Success

60

31.2

52%

Tier 1

20-40%

Marginal Success

160

103.8

65%

Baseline

20%

Pre Requisites Met

8.0

Cost

Cultural Understanding Efficiency

Bio-Climatic Understanding Community Engagement


P+W designs projects in many parts of the world... So...How could these tools be developed in such a way that they could create a site analysis for any geographic location around the world?

Bio-Climatic

Terrestrial Ecosystems Domesticated Species

Pastoralism Poultry Crops Pets

construction

economics

sanitation

energy

Climate Checklist

bio-climatic approach

Moving/sedentary water source/food source Cows, Goats, Sheep, Pigs, other

research tools

Sun

survey tools

Wind

design tools

Soil Water

library

Aquatic Ecosystems

grains, vegetables, root, trees pesticides/fertilizers ag system utilized

case studies

Terrestrial Ecosystems Domesticated Species

Infrastructure

A tool to guide design in rural African contexts using a comparative list of rating standards.

altitude/aspect Daylight hours Avg. temperature Vegetative cover Avg. Speed Avg. Direction Diurnal Cycle Seasonal Cycle Character Seismic risk Contamination sources precipitation aquifer health contamination Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death aquatic plants health

Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death

communication

construction

economics

sanitation

energy

water

access

architecture

Cultural Checklist

Pastoralism Poultry Crops Pets

shared household food source/water source disease present/strays

A format that can organize the research into a tool for use in fundraising and design.

Socio-Cultural ecosystems

technology

water

communication

analysis

extinction by competition dams, bridges, boats, etc climate change effects Extinction by competition roads, bridges, deforestatoin

RESOURCES

Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death

access

architecture

technology

health

food/water

Social Strutcture

beliefs/religion

clothing / craft

Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death aquatic plants health

Bio-Climatic

SITE CITE

health

Aquatic Ecosystems case studies

rainwater potential flooding/drought storms

food/water

library

sources precipitation aquifer health contamination

Social Strutcture

Water

clothing / craft

Soil

resistive structure low mass materials crenelated floor plan lake, stream, river, wetland potable/non-potable well depth

beliefs/religion

design tools

Character Seismic risk Contamination

aquatic

Wind

earth construction heaving/sinking drainage potential

terrestrial

Sun

survey tools

Passive cooling strategies Orientation

soil/geology

RESOURCES

research tools

Avg. Speed Avg. Direction Diurnal Cycle Seasonal Cycle

Renewable energy Potential Risk of uplift

wind

approach

altitude/aspect Daylight hours Avg. temperature Vegetative cover

Infrastructure Checklist

Precipitation

bio-climatic

Cultural Checklist

sun/temp

Climate Checklist

aquatic

terrestrial

soil/geology

wind

Precipitation

sun/temp

analysis

Infrastructure

databases

SITE CITE

Socio-Cultural ecosystems

Infrastructure Checklist

Renewable energy Potential Risk of uplift Passive cooling strategies Orientation earth construction heaving/sinking drainage potential resistive structure low mass materials crenelated floor plan lake, stream, river, wetland potable/non-potable well depth rainwater potential flooding/drought storms extinction by competition dams, bridges, boats, etc climate change effects Extinction by competition roads, bridges, deforestatoin Moving/sedentary water source/food source Cows, Goats, Sheep, Pigs, other grains, vegetables, root, trees pesticides/fertilizers ag system utilized shared household food source/water source disease present/strays

An automated way to gather contextual data based on geogrphical location by querying live databases and organizing information.


INPUT COORDINATES: 35.125E, -1.2 S

Geographic Information

GIS Data Open Street Maps Aerial Imagery UN Data FAO Data

Countrywide Data

UNDP Data UN STATS FAO STAT WORLD BANK DATA HDI OECD

Climate Data

Demographic Data

EcoTect Analysis GB Studio IES

UNDP UN STATS FAO STAT WORLD BANK DATA HDI UNAIDS

+ .WEA .NWS .KML


INPUT COORDINATES: 35.125E, -1.2 S

Geographic Information

Infrastructure -Road Network -Rail Network -h20 service -sanitation Access to water Seismic Character Flood Potential Soil Composition ...

Countrywide Data

Land Cover Change Energy Use Intensity Ozone Depleting Materials Greenhouse Gas Emissions Natural Disasters Agricultural Land Area Desertification ...

Climate Data

Demographic Data

Annual Precipitation Sun Path/Solar Gain Psychrometric Analysis -Passive Strategies -Comfort Zones Wind Patterns Temperature Regime ...

Mobile Phone Coverage Internet Coverage % Primary education rate % Population Below Poverty Line % Population Undernourished Predominate Religion Age stratification Illness (HIV, Malaria, Fecal col, etc) Employment Rate ...


SNAP SHOT - a site analytics tool Bio-Climatic

bio-climatic approach

RESOURCES

research tools

Sun

survey tools

Wind

Soil Water

library

Aquatic Ecosystems case studies

long: 35.26 E

communication

construction

economics

sanitation

energy

water

access

architecture

technology

clothing / craft

health

food/water

Social Strutcture

beliefs/religion

MFANGANO

~400 MI ~200 MI NAIROBI

M. MARA

Climate Checklist

design tools

aquatic

terrestrial

soil/geology

wind

Precipitation

analysis

lat : -1.456 S

Infrastructure

ecosystems

sun/temp

SITE CITE

Socio-Cultural

Terrestrial Ecosystems Domesticated Species

Cultural Checklist

altitude/aspect Daylight hours Avg. temperature Vegetative cover Avg. Speed Avg. Direction Diurnal Cycle Seasonal Cycle Character Seismic risk Contamination sources precipitation aquifer health contamination Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death aquatic plants health

Population Changes Bio Diversity Disease/death Pastoralism Poultry Crops Pets

Infrastructure Checklist

Renewable energy Potential Risk of uplift

KE

NY

A

Passive cooling strategies Orientation earth construction heaving/sinking drainage potential resistive structure low mass materials crenelated floor plan lake, stream, river, wetland potable/non-potable well depth rainwater potential flooding/drought storms extinction by competition dams, bridges, boats, etc climate change effects Extinction by competition roads, bridges, deforestatoin Moving/sedentary water source/food source Cows, Goats, Sheep, Pigs, other grains, vegetables, root, trees pesticides/fertilizers ag system utilized shared household food source/water source disease present/strays

ARUSHA


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