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Legal  Studies         ‘The  needs  of  victims  of  crimes  are  not  well  recognised  in  our  criminal   justice  system.  More  needs  to  be  done  to  support  victims  of  crime.’  Discuss.   Victims  of  crime  face  the  consequences  of  a  criminal  act  but  our  legal  system  offer   support  in  the  way  it  functions.  The  criminal  justice  system  meets  standards  of  the   community  and  delegates  much  of  its  values  to  the  needs  of  its  victims,  so  one  must   disagree  that  victims  are  not  supported  in  our  criminal  justice  system.  Victims  are  taken   in  to  account  in  the  criminal  justice  system,  victims  can  be  compensated  for  medical  and   therapy  costs  as  well  as  other  things,  and  victims  can  give  an  impact  statement  on  how   the  offender  has  impacted  on  their  lives.  In  Victoria  we  have  The  Victims’  Charter,  which   helps  to  improve  the  rights  of  victims  and  finally  victims  are  considered  in  the  factors   when  determining  the  penalties  for  the  offenders.   Compensation  is  a  way  of  addressing  the  needs  of  a  victim.  In  Victoria  we  have  the   Victims  of  Crime  Assistance  Tribunal,  which  makes  awards  of  financial  assistance  for   victims  of  crime.  Compensation  provides  victims  a  financial  assistance,  for  violence,  loss   of  earnings,  the  cost  of  long-­‐term  counselling  and  medical  and  funeral  expenses.   Compensation  provides  assistance  for  three  types  of  victims;  primary,  secondary  and   related  victims.  This  shows  that  in  the  criminal  justice  system,  they  recognise  that   victims  may  need  compensation.  They  provide  victims  means  of  support,  using  financial   assistance  by  allowing  it  to  be  interpreted  by  a  judge  that  the  accused  must  compensate   the  victim.  This  shows  that  support  is  given  to  victims  of  crime.   Victims  of  crime  in  Victoria  are  given  the  opportunity  to  provide  an  official  statement  to   the  court  on  how  the  crime  has  affected  their  lives.  This  shows  that  the  consequences  of   the  crime  affecting  the  victims’  life  can  be  expressed  to  the  court.  This  demonstrates  that   it  values  the  needs  of  the  victim  as  they  are  given  the  chance  to  express  themselves.  By   structuring  the  courts  to  hear  their  impact  statement  they  are  providing  means  of   support.  These  impact  statements  can  be  made  to  the  court  if  the  accused  is  found  guilty.   They  are  used  to  ‘assist  the  court  on  determining  the  sentence’,  which  reflects  the   criminal  justice  system  recognising  the  victim,  the  sentencing  act  was  amended  to  give   this  recognition  and  giving  victims  more  ways  of  support.  A  victim  can  also  call  a   witness  to  help  support  their  statement.    This  allows  the  victim  to  express  the  impact  of   what  the  crime  has  done  on  their  life.  Which  then  reflects  on  the  criminal  justice  system   proving  needs  of  a  victim  to  talk  about  change  in  their  lifestyle  to  the  court,  then  used   when  determining  the  offender’s  sentence.   In  Victoria  we  have  the  Victims’  Charter  to  improve  the  needs  of  a  victim  and   recognition  in  the  criminal  justice  system.    The  Victims’  charter  provides  victims  with  a   number  of  rights  that  support  them  when  dealing  with  the  justice  system.  The  rights   inform  the  victim  of  any  compensation  available  to  them,  the  progress  of  the   investigation,  the  charges  laid  against  the  accused  and  the  date  and  time  of  the  court   hearing,  the  outcome  of  the  criminal  procedure,  the  right  to  make  an  impact  statement   and  other  information  about  court  process.    Thanks  to  the  Victims’  Charter,  victims  of  

violent  crimes  can  now  have  a  say  in  the  early  release  of  offenders,  which  recognises  the   individual  needs  of  the  victim,  and  supports  them  to  feel  safer.  By  making  the   submission  to  the  Adult  Parole  Board  when  the  offender  is  about  to  be  released.    The   Victims’  Charter  ensures  that  victims  of  crime  are  well  supported  when  dealing  with  the   criminal  justice  system  by  allowing  a  number  of  rights,  which  will  also  recognise  their   needsto  know  what  is  going  on  and  what  they  can  do,  the  court  will  value  the  victim  and   delegate  the  Victims’  Charter  to  supporting  them.         The  sentencing  act  and  the  decision  of  the  Court  of  Appeal  guide  judges  and  magistrates   when  sentencing  an  offender  they  refer  to  current  sentencing  practices  and  the   maximum  penalty.  A  victim  is  supported  by  being  involved  in  the  factors  judges  and   magistrates  use  to  determine  the  penalty  of  the  offender,  and  this  shows  that  the  victim   is  recognised  in  the  criminal  justice  system  as  a  key  support  to  helping  judges  and   magistrates  in  determining  the  penalty.    The  judge  or  magistrate  will  account  for  the   victim’s  circumstances.  This  is  done  by  determining  what  effects  the  crime  has  had  on   the  victim  also  the  age  and  capacity  of  the  victim  may  be  taken  into  consideration.  This   shows  that  victims  are  supported  and  recognised  for  a  number  of  considerations  in  the   criminal  justice  system.  Injury,  loss  or  damage  to  the  victim,  is  considered  by  the  judge   to  know  the  impact,  or  degree  of  injury,  or  loss  to  the  victim  to  be  able  to  support  them   in  the  penalty  given  to  the  offender.  For  example  compensation,  which  shows  that   injuries  or  loss  are  recognised  and  the  need  to  seek  financial  system  is  supported  by   sanctions.  This  shows  that  a  judge  or  magistrate  takes  into  account  the  victims  needs   after  the  crime,  the  need  to  feel  safe  and  to  be  recognised  in  the  criminal  justice  system   by  taking  them  into  consideration  when  using  the  factors  to  determine  a  penalty.       In  conclusion  victims  of  crime  face  the  issues  of  the  outcome  made  by  crimes,  but  are   well  supported  and  recognised  in  the  criminal  justice  system  by  how  it  functions.  The   community,  through  the  criminal  justice  system,  delegates  values  to  meet  a  standard  of   support  for  victims  of  crime  in  our  community.  So  therefore  victims  are  given  enough   support  in  the  criminal  justice.  Victims  are  provided,  if  the  judge  chooses  to  do  so,  with   sanctions  that  will  help  needs  of  a  victim  such  as  financial  assistance  through   compensation.  Victims  can  give  an  impact  statement,  with  the  need  to  express   themselves  to  court.  The  Victims’  Charter  provides  the  need  for  victims  to  have  rights   and  finally  they  are  considered  in  the  factors  when  determining  the  sentence  for  the   offender,  for  the  need  to  stay  safe.  So  no  more  needs  to  be  done  to  support  victims  of   crime  in  Victoria.     By  Mason  Peter  


Parliament,  using  the  legislative  process,  responds  efficiently  to  the  needs  of  the   community.  ‘To  what  extent  do  you  agree?  Explain.  

Throughout  the  history  of  Australia  the  Australian  Commonwealth  Parliament  has  used  the   legislative  process,  to  respond  to  the  needs  of  the  community  in  a  systematic  and  productive  way   by  involving  the  Upper  house  (the  senate)  and  the  Lower  house  (the  house  of  representatives).   The  process  is  efficient  and  necessary.  To  society  the  way  parliament  is  structured  and  how  it   represents  the  people  is  important.  How  the  legislative  process  allows  for  parliaments  to   respond  effectively,  and  the  role  of  delegated  legislation  in  responding  to  the  community.   To  know  how  the  parliament  using  the  legislative  process  responds  productively  to  the  needs  of   the  community  we  must  know  its  structure  and  how  this  structure  handles  the  legislative   processes  in,  parliaments  structure  is  set  put  so  all  community’s  in  Australia  are  represented.   The  formation  of  parliament  is  based  on  Britain’s  Westminster  system.  The  Australian   Commonwealth  Parliament  is  Bicameral  this  means  it  consists  of  the  Crown  and  two  Houses:  a   lower  and  an  upper.    The  lower  house  consists  of  150  members  that  are  elected  by  the   community  of  their  electorate  to  represent  his  or  she’s  community  view,  during  the  debating  part   of  the  legislative  process  than  once  the  bill  goes  through  the  lower  house  and  has  been  voted  on   and  gets  majority  votes  it  is  sent  to  the  upper  house.  In  the  upper  house  the  bill  is  debated  on   where  76  six  senators  debate  and  argue  the  issues  it  may  cause,  unlike  the  lower  house  the  upper   house  has  12  senators  for  each  state  so  each  state  is  equally  represented.  The  bill  is  then  voted  on   and  if  majority  votes  for  it,  it  is  sent  to  the  Governor-­‐general  and  once  signed  by  him  it  becomes   an  act  of  parliament.    So  through  this  productive  and  systematic  system  the  legislative  process   responds  efficiently  to  the  community  needs  because  bills  are  only  introduced  to  the  legislative   process  if  it  will  be  of  interest  to  the  community  and  values  each  minister’s  views  of  the  party  in   government.  This  shows  that  the  structure  if  parliament  can  effectively  using  the  legislative   process  meet  the  needs  of  the  community.   The  legislative  process  allows  for  parliament  to  respond  effectively  because  when  parliament  is   aware  of  a  rising  need  in  the  community  they  can  act  to  achieve  a  desired  result  because  the   needs  of  the  community  is  essential.  They  can  consider  the  possibility’s  to  introduce  a  Bill  or   amend  an  act,  by  thinking  very  carefully  before  making  a  decision  taking  in  account  the  needs  of   the  community  at  the  time.  Once  parliament  has  decided  to  act  on  the  needs  of  the  community   they  will  spend  money  and  resources  on  how  to  resolve  the  problem  using  the  appropriate  action   in  this  case  the  legislation  process,  they  will  get  there  government  departments  to  research  more   about  the  problem  in  the  community  because  they  have  more  connections  in  the  community.   Once  the  research  is  done  the  minister  responsible  will  either  depending  on  the  need  put   forward  a  amendment  of  an  act  or  a  bill  through  parliament  to  respond  effectively  to  the  needs  of   the  community.  Parliament  has  done  this  throughout  the  history  of  Australia.  Therefore   parliament  responds  effectively  because  of  its  systematic  and  productive  approach  to  the  needs   of  the  community.     Delegated  legislation  plays  a  key  part  in  the  effectiveness  of  parliament  in  law  making;  the  types   of  delegated  legislation  are  statutory  authorities,  Government  departments,  Executive  council   and  Local  municipal  council.  The  role  of  Delegated  legislation  is  to  make  laws  to  benefit  the  

community  and  its  needs.  Laws  can  be  made  quickly  and  within  specific  areas  and  eases  the   workload  of  parliament.  The  advantage  of  this  productive  and  systematic  process  is  it  gives   bodies  with  more  efficient  expertise  in  a  particular  area  to  make  some  rules  e.g  work  place.  It   eases  the  workload  of  parliament,  changes  can  be  made  quickly,  it  recognises  that  different   geographic  areas  have  special  and  particular  requirements  and  it  may  allow  for  greater   participation  by  the  community  in  law  making.  The  problems  with  delegated  legislations  role  is   that  other  than  council  who  make  delegated  legislation  are  not  elected,  it  is  difficult  to  know  who   is  actually  making  the  laws.  It  is  difficult  for  the  average  person  to  know  when  these  laws  have   changed,  there  may  be  more  than  one  body  making  delegated  legislation,  a  problem  is  that  some   bodies  do  not  consult  with  the  public  before  making  rules.  Although  parliament  gives  these   bodies  the  power  to  make  laws,  does  parliament  exercise  enough  control  over  the  laws  made.   Delegated  legislation  is  a  good  idea  because  it  can  respond  to  the  community  quick  but  the  role  of   delegated  legislation  may  not  always  be  reviewed  enough  in  parliament  to  see  if  it  is  being   efficient  enough.   To  an  extend  the  parliament  uses  its  legislative  process,  and  legislative  powers  in  a  productive   and  a  systematic  function  to  fulfil  the  needs  of  community  but  is  always  not  always  efficient  in   responding  to  the  COMMUNITY  needs.    The  structure  of  parliament  is  a  place  were  each   community  of  Australia  is  represented  in  the  upper  house  and  lower  house,  the  legislative   process  allows  for  government  to  respond  efficiently  and  the  role  of  delegated  legislation  lets   more  involvement  of  community  in  law  making.     By  Mason  Peter  


You  are  presumed  innocent  until  proven  guilty.  You  cannot  be  made  to  provide   or  give  evidence  that  could  incriminate  you.  You  are  not  compelled  to  testify  or   confess  to  guilt.    You  don’t  have  to  answer  any  questions  put  to  you  by  police   except  name  and  address.         Police  can  ask  questions  to  help  solve  investigations.  When  a  police  officer  asks   you  to  accompany  them  to  the  police  station  you  do  not  have  to  go  unless  you  are   arrested.  You  must  be  told  the  offence  you  have  committed,  you  do  not  have  to   answer  any  questions  at  the  police  station.  You  must  have  a  parent,  guardian  or   independent  there  when  being  questioned  or  taken  into  custody.  You  have  the   right  to  make  a  phone  call  from  the  police  station  to  a  lawyer  or  friend.  You   should  be  cautioned  and  you  are  entitled  to  an  interpreter,  if  you  need  one.  



You  only  have  to  give  police  your  name  and  address  if  you  have     -­‐

Committed  an  offence  or  may  be  able  to  assist  in  an  investigation  of  an   indictable  offence.  

If  asked  for  your  name  and  address  you  can  request  the  police  officers  name,   rank  and  place  of  duty.    




  Police  can  conduct  a  search  with  or  without  a  warrant.  A  warrant  is  a  court  order   that  gives  the  police  permission  to  conduct  a  search.  

Search  with  a  warrant-­‐  police  can  obtain  a  warrant  to  search  premises  if  it  is   necessary  to  secure:   -­‐ -­‐ -­‐

Evidence  of  an  offence     Anything  that  is  intended  to  be  used  in  an  offence     Stolen  goods   You  can  request  to  see  the  warrant   Search  without  a  warrant-­‐  police  can  conduct  a  search  of  premises   without  a  warrant  if  the  person  agrees  to  the  search  of  the  premises.   Permission  may  not  be  needed  in  some  circumstances.     Search  of  body-­‐  the  police  can  search  body,  clothing  and  property.   Because  you  are  under  the  age  of  18  you  can  only  be  searched  in  the   presence  of  a  parent  or  guardian  and  that  there  is  a  warrant  from  the   children’s  court  for  you  to  be  searched.          

Fingerprints  can  be  taken  from  suspects  aged  15  years  and  over  charged  with,  or   are  reasonably  believed  to  have  committed  and  indictable  offence  or  certain   summary.  Police must inform you of the details of the alleged offence and tell you that the fingerprints can be used as evidence in court. If you refuses to give  your fingerprints, reasonable force can be used to take the prints. If you are a  young person aged 15 to 17, the process must be videotaped or audiotaped and a parent, guardian or independent person must be present. The police can take fingerprints from a young person aged between 10 and 14 years with the consent of the child’s parent or guardian. The police must inform the parent or guardian of the details of the alleged offence and that the fingerprints may be used as evidence in court.      



A forensic procedure can only be conducted on a child aged between 10 and 17 years with a Children’s Court order. The Children’s Court will take into consideration the same factors as the Magistrates’ Court. In addition, the court will take into consideration the degree of alleged involvement and the age of the child. The court cannot order a forensic procedure to be carried out on a child under the age of 10 years.     Generally, a young offender is eligible for a caution if they have no previous involvement with the police. The caution remains in police records; however, it is not recorded as a ‘prior’ conviction. It is inadmissible against an offender if there is a later court appearance.  

  If  a  driver  exceeds  the  speed  limit  by  45km  per  hour  or  more  then  hoon  laws   apply.  If  it  is  the  drivers  first  time  then  their  car  is  impounded  or  immobilised  for   48  hours,  the  second  time  the  car  will  be  impounded  for  three  months  and  on  the   third  go  you  will  most  likely  loose  your  car.  If  you  exceed  the  speed  limit  by   45km/h  or  more  you  get  8  demerit  points  and  12-­‐month  suspension.  

English       Is  it  cruel  to  keep  animals  in  cages  and  in  zoos   Are  we  to  Prejudiced  to  see  that  animals  have  rights?  No!  Animals  should  not  be  kept  in   cages  and  zoos.  There  is  over  10,000  zoos  exist  worldwide,  holding  about  a  million   vertebrate  animals,  they  should  have  equal  rights  to  live  just  as  we  do,  they  have  walked  this   earth  long  before  we  were  around.  It  is  cruelty  at  its  worst.  They  are  kept  in  small  confined   cages,  stuffed  in  zoos  for  our  own  amusement;  is  their  imprisonment  worth  this  tragedy?   Why  should  they  be  isolated  from  the  rest  of  there  kind:  they  have  done  nothing  wrong.   It  is  unnatural  to  take  something  from  its  habitat,  so  why  do  people  do  it?  Recent  studies   show  that  animals  at  zoos  are  very  unhappy  but  also  mentally  disturbed  as  a  result  of   captivity  .The  answer  is  simply  we  are  not  RESPECTFUL!  What  ever  happened  to  the  days   when  animals  where  worshiped  or  treated  as  equals  like  the  mighty  dogs  and  cats  of  Egypt.   By  taking  animals  from  their  natural  habitat  they  are  not  only  taking  it  away  from  its  family   but  also  altering  the  wildlife’s  food  chain.  Many  animals  are  what  keep  pests  number  down.   What  if  all  the  animals  that  do  this  are  in  zoos?  We  as  Australians  should  know  how  this   feels,  remember  the  Stolen  Generation?  Everyone  does  it’s  where  the  Government  took   children  from  their  family’s,  THERE  NATURAL  surroundings  and  also  killed  the  chance  of   learning  their  culture.    Many  zoos  claim  research  as  a  defence  but  very  few  zoos  finance   research.  We  are  not  the  only  ones  on  this  planet,  is  it  about  time  we  treated  others  with   the  same  rights,  as  we  like  too  have.   5%  of  species  in  UK  zoos  are  officially  listed  as  endangered  but  many  zoos  are  using  the   excuse  of  offering  shelter  to  those  of  endangered  species  and  to  help  repopulate  and  study   them  to  educated  people  and  for  our  amusement.  Shockingly  only  less  than  1%  of  these   animals  in  UK  zoos  have  been  reintroduced  to  the  wild  Facts  have  shown  that  animals  that   live  in  cages  and  zoos  have  a  shorter  life  span  and  have  problems  with  breeding.  This  shows   that  animals  are  put  through  stress  and  are  losing  their  animal  instincts,  through  generations   of  breeding  in  zoos,  earlier  studies  show  that  2%  of  the  worlds  6’000-­‐plus  threatened  or   endangered  are  listed  registered  in  zoos  breeding  programs.  This  shows  that  actually  do  very   little  to  help,  so  why  don’t  they  just  leave  them  alone?  There  are  many  other  ways  to  offer   refuge  to  animals,  for  example  natural  parks,  reserves,  park  rangers  all  these  things  can  be   another  result  and  free  ranged  animals  for  food  products  all  these  can  be  better  outcomes  

instead  of  caging  and  putting  animals  in  zoos.  Animals  should  be  given  the  right  to  live   outside  cages  and  zoos  as  we  do  too.     Have  you  ever  wondered  why  tigers  wonder  endlessly  up  and  down;  Elephants  rocking  back   and  forth;  bears  repeatedly  nodding  or  swaying  their  heads  from  side  to  side;  Animals  biting   the  bars  of  their  cages.  Isolation  is  damaging  animal’s  integrity.  They  are  deprived  of  their   freedom,  forgetting  how  to  hunt,  how  to  defend  for  themselves  and  what  food  to  eat.  They   lose  their  pride  their  honour  and  the  feeling  of  how  to  be  independent.  They  lose  social   behaviour;  they  become  stressed,  frustrated  and  as  an  outcome  become  unsettled.  We  are   literally  putting  animals  into  a  state  of  utter  madness;  they  start  acts  of  self-­‐mutilation,   biting  themselves,  bashing  their  heads  and  other  body  parts  against  their  enclosures  walls.   There  is  a  resolution  to  isolation.  People  can  go  on  safaris  and  see  animals  proud  and  mighty   and  not  paying  for  a  zoo  ticket  to  keep  them  isolated  in  a  cage  or  zoo.    That  way  it  wont  be   cruel  or  wont  confine  them  to  cages.  If  we  have  moral  expectations  to  be  free  why  can’t   animals.       It  is  unnatural  to  take  them  from  their  precious  habitat,  and  zoos  offer  other  means  to  help   endangered  species  if  you  do  not  agree  than  you  are  of  the  generations  who  have  lost   respect  for  animals,  and  to  think  your  ancestors  may  have  worshiped  them  once.  It  is   therefore  unnecessary  and  wrong  to  keep  animals  in  cages,  and  stare  at  them  for  our   amusement,  we  should  learn  how  to  share  this  planet  and  let  animals  live  among  us   peacefully.  Isolation  is  damaging  animal’s  principles  their  way  of  life,  the  mighty  morals  they   used  to  represent,  they  can  only  breed  so  many  generations  in  zoos  before  they  completely   lose  these  skills.  As  a  result  we  are  making  them  go  insane,  and  exiling  them  to  small   confined  spaces.  So  is  it  fair  to  take  the  right  of  other  species,  away  when  they  were  walking   this  earth  before  us.   By  Mason  Peter      

Dragonkeeper by Carole Wilkinson 20/3/11

TEA IN CHINA Tea has a long history in china it is one of the oldest beverages, tea was first discovered by a Chinese emperor Shennong in 2737 BCE who believed boiling water was a good hygiene practice. Tea is one of the seven daily necessities’. The story of tea goes like this one day, on a trip to a distant

region Shennong and his army stopped for a rest. A servant began boiling water for him to drink, and a dead leaf from the wild tea bush fell into the water. It turned a brownish colour, but was unnoticed and presented to the emperor anyway. The emperor drank it and found it very refreshing, and that is the story of tea, but it was considered as a medical beverage it was around 300 A.D when it became a daily beverage. It is know recognised as a key to Chinas culture as it shows their advancement in herbal medicine during Dynasties. By Mason Peter   ‘Students  should  Have  Two  Week  Holidays  Over  Easter  Break’   Students need a two week holiday break over the Easter period, to help them relax from their schooling and to let their brains rejuvenate. Students need to keep focused in their formal years of education and the two week holidays allows them to relax and keep focused, too much work will overload their brain and may cause students to lose sight of the importance of work and what they are aiming to achieve. Many would say that laziness is generated over the holidays BUT DO TEACHERS REALISE THE AMOUNT OF HOMEWORK THEY GET! A student needs a good balance between school and their personal life because it may lead to depression and degrade their social skills. Ten weeks of intense study will overload any brain, that’s why it is an important aspect of school to be given a holiday break especially two weeks over the Easter break. Students aren’t just studying one subject but up to seven at a time! If Police encourage motorists to take a 15-minute nap during long hours of driving because of the risk of crashing is higher, then why shouldn’t students be given a two weak break over the holidays so their brain doesn’t overload and cause them to get behind on their studies and let their brain break down. That’s why the holidays offer a student’s brain to rejuvenate because school can put a lot of stress on a student and especially because the work is continuous. And if it wasn’t for the two weak holiday break over Easter students would have brain overloads and their overall achievement in schooling would be affected and would not allow them to focus on the task at hand, and would affect their learning progress. Brain overloads can cause a student to change their attitude and that can change stress level intakes and the students direction, wouldn’t you prefer a happy student! Many people argue that the holidays generate a habit for students to become lazy, but students are literally struggling to complete the homework given to them by the teachers over the two weak holidays, which shows that students have really no time to have a holiday. But in a students defence how many teachers have left marking an assignment till after the holidays, so they can relax and spend time with friends and family, so isn’t that classed as lazy anymore? After all students have a right to know their scores in a reasonable

amount of time since they put all their time and effort into it. Also many students are involved in sporting clubs outside school for example footy and many senior students train 2 nights a week and play on weekends to obtain the required amount of skill level to play in their age group, this is not promoting laziness in a students holiday, some students stop playing sport because their school work increases to level that requires those extra hours at training needed for doing homework. So the facts are clearly shown that a student’s school life and social life do not generate laziness especially in their formal years. An un-stable work ethic can cause an emotional disruption in a student’s formal years of schooling especially with the workloads students deal with and the amount of time they give up just to make enough time for their formal years of work. By having this break over Easter this allows students to relax and not let their emotions be stressed out by the endless stacks of homework. This break also let’s students catch up with friends and wont downgrade their social skills e.g. communicating with people, because they don’t have to stay home and do homework. So by giving the students a two week holiday over Easter as clearly shown in beneficial to their ability to network in the community and will lower their risk of depression. In conclusion to ‘certain’ people the two-week holidays over Easter may not be all that important but in true fact they are an essential key for students. Not only do they give the student time to relax and let their brains rejuvenate, it insures that the brain is not overloaded and that a student doesn’t have a mental breakdown. At the Same time it gives the chance of a student developing depression at lower risk and dose not degrade a students social skills. Basically holidays are more important to students then they seem. By Mason Peter

CHAPTER ONE The  cold  soft  floor  of  the  kitchen  was  all  Tek  could  feel  on  the  bottom  of  his  feet  he   stood  the  in  black  leather  shoes,  white  socks,  grey  stubby  shoots  and  a  green  polo   that  had  West  Mistier  High  the  old  black  and  white  laminated  was  all  but  worn  in  a   couple  of  places.  The  sounds  of  clinging  metals  bouncing  off,  the  old  weathered   walls  as  mum  was  cleaning  the  dishes,  the  creamy  70’s  wallpaper  was  all  but  torn.  It   showed  the  thickened  plaster  walls  even  that  had  cracks  in  it.  I  sat  down  at  the   dinner  table  the  wood  was  rather  smooth  the  wood  grains  had  been  visible  more   than  ever.  Mum  had  just  polished  it  I  could  tell,  because  of  the  bright  light  reflecting   off  of  it.  I  looked  out  the  window  the  sun  was  just  setting;  I  could  see  the  yolk  

shaped  object,  balancing  on  the  horizon.  The  purples,  reds  and  pinks  made  me  blink,   as  it  was  hard  for  my  eyes  to  comprehend  the  numerous  shades  of  colours.   The  way  to  school  was  very  intense,  since  I  had  missed  the  bus  the  cracked  rundown   pavement  of  Mistier  made  me  stumble  time  and  time  again.  I  had  never  missed  the   bus  before  and  now  I  know  why  it  will  never  happen  again.  You  are  probably   wondering  why  I’m  going  to  school  at  night  well  this  may  surprise  you  but  I  am  a   vampire;  my  parents  are  to  in  fact  the  whole  town  is  a  refuge  for  them  in  fact  it  has   the  most  hours  of  night  in  the  world.  I  approached  the  timid  school  gates  the   creeping  dead  grass  weaved  its  way  around  the  gate.   I  slowly  walked  up  the  raged  path  the  crunching  sounds  of  pebbles,  the  chattering   sound  of  groups  as  vampires  gathered  with  their  peers  as  they  had  so  much  to   discuss  due  to  the  weekend  break.  I  saw  my  friends  they  were  just  a  few  metres  in   front  of  me,  Kyle  stood  the  tallest,  my  so  called  peer  group  consisted  of  Alex  a   female  with  blonde  hair  and  white  ghost  skin  with  large  pale  blue  eyes,  Kyle  very   lanky  creamed  colour  skin  with  green  eyes  and  brown  hair  and  also  Peter  shortish,   stumpy  with  brown  eyes  and  short  blonde  hair.  “Tek  you  finally  made  it”  they  all   shouted  at  once  “yeah  I  got  caught  up  at  home,  the  weekend  was  a  bit  tiering”  I   responded  sharply.  “Tek  we  have  to  get  to  class  quick,  we  have  maths  first  up  and   you  know  how  grumpy  Mr  Pi  gets  on  Mondays,  crazy  old  man”  replied  Alex.  we  all   laughed  and  headed  of  to  the  E  wing,  we  walked  into  class,  took  our  seats  up  the   back  we  weren’t  the  coolest  group  at  school  but  we  were  one  of  them.     Mr  Pi  walked;  his  dull  face  added  to  the  room’s  tension,  everyone  had  a  drowsy  look   on  their  face    “Oh  My  God”  said  Alex  shuffling  through  her  books  looking  for   something  she  looked  at  me  I  knew  that  face,  her  worried  face  “did  you  do  your   homework”  her  sour  voice  had  lost  its  happiness,  I  panicked  I  looked  straight  up  Mr   Pi  stood  in  front  of  Alex  and  I.    

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