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Cover image: Francis Bacon, Lying Figure 1961 (detail)


School of London


Wheeler’s, Old Compton Street, London, 1963. From left: Timothy Behrens, Lucian Freud, Francis Bacon, Frank Auerbach, and Michael Andrews. Photo: John Deakin. Copyright John Deakin Archive / Getty Images


School of London

In 1976 at a time when new explorations in minimal and conceptual art were redefining existing art practices, the American artist R.B. Kitaj organised a figurative exhibition at the Hayward Gallery in London. Kitaj who was living and working in London at the time entitled the group show The Human Clay. It consisted of representational painting and drawing and was considered controversial at the time. In the catalogue Kitaj used the term ‘School of London’ to describe the artists he had bought together. The name has stuck to refer to painters who were characterised by diligently pursuing new approaches to the human figure. The work of these artists was brought into fresh focus after the exhibition and revived an interest in figurative paintings by a younger generation through the late '70s and '80s onwards.


List of Works

MICHAEL ANDREWS

R.B KITAJ

A Nude Girl 1965 oil on board 58.5 x 58.8 cm. (23 x 23 in.)

Dying Life Model 1978 pastel on paper 55.9 x 76.8 cm. (22 x 30 in.)

Glenartney: August 1976, about 6pm, coire na fearna beat, Strath na Ghlinne 1976 acrylic on sandpaper 21.7 x 26.7 cm. (8 x 10 in.)

Two Messiahs 1988 oil on canvas 243.8 x 76.2 cm. (96 x 30 in.)

Angler: Geldeston, the Glittering River 2 1981 acrylic, watercolour and wax on paper 31 x 34.2 cm. (12 x 13 in.) FRANK AUERBACH

Head of E.O.W. 1957 oil on canvas 50.8 x 40.6 cm. (20 x 16 in.) Primrose Hill 1978 oil on canvas 114.3 x 151.4 cm. (45 x 59 in.) Head of Gerda Boehm 1979–80 oil on board 55.9 x 50.8 cm. (22 x 20 in.) Head of Catherine Lampert 2003 oil on canvas 61.3 x 51.4 cm. (24 x 20 in.) FRANCIS BACON

Lying Figure 1961 oil on canvas 198 x 142 cm. (78 x 56 in.) LUCIAN FREUD

Self–Portrait: Reflection 1996 etching 88.3 x 69.9 cm. (34 x 27 in.)

Los Angeles No. 16 (Bed) 2001–2002 oil on canvas 121.9 x 121.9 cm; (48 x 48 in) LEON KOSSOFF

Inside Kilburn Underground, Summer 1983 oil on board 137 x 167.2 cm. (54 x 65 in.) PAULA REGO

Dancing Ostriches from Disney’s Fantasia 1995 pastel on paper mounted on aluminium 150 x 150 cm. (59 x 59 in.) Dancing Ostriches from Disney’s Fantasia 1995 pastel on paper mounted on aluminium 150 x 150 cm. (59 x 59 in.) EUAN UGLOW

Imperial War Museum 1964 oil on canvas 84.2 x 109.2 cm. (33 x 43 in.) Loaf 1981–83 oil on canvas 34.8 x 79.5 cm. (13 x 31 in.)


Michael Andrews (b.1928) A Nude Girl 1965 oil on board 58.5 x 58.8 cm. (23 x 23 in.)

PROVENANCE:

The Artist Marlborough Fine Art, London Private collection


Michael Andrews (b.1928) Glenartney: August 1976, about 6pm, coire na fearna beat, Strath na Ghlinne 1976 acrylic on sandpaper 21.7 x 26.7 cm. (8 x 10 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

The Artist

Michael Andrews, Hayward Gallery, London, 31 October 1980 – 11 January 1981; Fruit Market Gallery, Edinburgh, 24 January – 21 February 1981; Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester, 6 March – 20 April 1981, No. 103

Anthony d’Offay Gallery, London Private collection

Michael Andrews, Tate Britain, London, 19 July – 7 October 2001, No. 64 (illustrated p.130) Michael Andrews: Earth, Air, Water, Gagosian Gallery, London, 20 January – 25 March 2007, No. 43 (illustrated p.92)


Michael Andrews (b.1928) Angler: Geldeston, the Glittering River 2 1981 acrylic, watercolour and wax on paper 31 x 34.2 cm. (12 x 13 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

The Artist

Michael Andrews, Tate Britain, London, 19 July – 7 October 2001, No. 60 (illustrated p.119)

Anthony d’Offay Gallery, London Private collection

Michael Andrews: Earth, Air, Water, Gagosian Gallery, London, 20 January – 25 March 2007, No. 38 (illustrated p.92)


Frank Auerbach (b.1931) Head of E.O.W. 1957 oil on canvas 50.8 x 40.6 cm. (20 x 16 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

Beaux Arts Gallery, London

Recent Figurative Painting, University of Nottingham, 13 January – 7 February 1960, No. 9

Private collection

Frank Auerbach, MarlboroughGerson Gallery, New York, 20 September – 18 October 1969, No. 4 as ‘Profile head of E.O.W.’ Frank Auerbach, Hayward Gallery, London, 4 May – 2 July 1978; Fruit Market Gallery, Edinburgh, 15 July – 12 August 1978, No. 20, illustrated Eight Figurative Painters, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 14 October 1981 –  3 January 1982;

Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, 29 January – 28 March 1982, No. 8, illustrated Frank Auerbach: “To the Studios” and Other  Works, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 22 May – 14 July 1991 LITERATURE:

Robert Hughes, Frank Auerbach, Thames and Hudson, London, illustrated in colour p.9 William Feaver, Frank Auerbach, Rizzoli, New York, 2009, No. 55, illustrated in colour p.243


Frank Auerbach (b.1931) Primrose Hill 1978 oil on board 114.3 x 152.4 cm. (45 x 60 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

Marlborough Fine Art, London

Los Angeles, L.A. Louver Gallery, This Knot of Life: Paintings and Drawings by British Artists, 1979, illustrated in colour p.9

Marlborough Gallery, New York Mr and Mrs David Kangesser, Ohio (acquired from the above in 1982) Private Collection

New York, Marlborough Gallery, Frank Auerbach, 1982, No. 18, illustrated in colour p.28 Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, The Art of Collecting Modern Art: An Exhibition of Works from the Collections of Clevelanders, 1986, No. 47, illustrated n.p. Venice, British Pavillion, XLII Biennale Internazionale dell'Arte, Frank Auerbach: Paintings and Drawings 1977 – 1985, 1986, No. 14, illustrated in colour, p.32–33

Hamburg, Kunstverein; and Essen, Museum Folkwang, Frank Auerbach, 1986 – 87, p.46–47, No. 14, illustrated in colour Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Frank Auerbach: Retrospectiva, 1987, p.42–43, No. 14, illustrated in colour LITERATURE:

Robert Hughes, Frank Auerbach, London 1990, p.100, No. 61, illustrated in colour William Feaver, Frank Auerbach, New York 2009, p.104 and 283, No. 401, illustrated in colour


Frank Auerbach (b.1931) Head of Gerda Boehm 1979–80 oil on board 55.9 x 50.8 cm. (22 x 20 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

The Artist

Frank Auerbach, Recent Paintings and Drawings, 1982, Marlborough Gallery, New York, No. 9 illustrated p.20

Marlborough Fine Art, London Marlborough Gallery, New York Private collection

LITERATURE:

William Feaver, Frank Auerbach, Rizzoli, New York, 2009, revised 2015, No. 423, illustrated p. 285


Frank Auerbach (b.1931) Head of Catherine Lampert 2003 oil on canvas 61.3 x 51.4 cm. (24 x 20 in.)

PROVENANCE:

LITERATURE:

The Artist

William Feaver, Frank Auerbach, Rizzoli, New York, 2009, revised 2015, No. 874, illustrated p. 338

Private collection


Francis Bacon (1909–1992) Lying Figure 1961 oil on canvas 198 x 142 cm. (78 x 56 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London

American and International Art since 1955, Seattle World's Fair, 21 April – 21 October 1962 (International section 11)

Immagine per la Città, Palazzo dell’Accademia, Genova, 8 April – 11 June 1972 Section 3, No. 56, illustrated p.225

XXe Salon de Mai, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 28 April – 19 May 1963 (7 bis) as ‘Lying figure on black couch’

Francis Bacon, Retrospektive, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, 12 June – 12 September 1987 No. 12, illustrated

Baron Elie de Rothschild, Paris Daniel Varenne, Paris Jane Wade, New York L. Kaplan and J. Kirkman, London Private collection, Rome Galerie Beyeler, Basel Private collection, Connecticut Marlborough International Fine Art Private Collection

Pop etc., Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vienna, 19 September – 31 October 1964 No. 11 as ‘Lying Figure (Man on Black Couch with Blinds)’ Neue Realisten & Pop Art, Akademie der Künste, Berlin, 20 November 1964 – 3 January 1965, No. 10, illustrated as ‘Lying figure – man on black couch with blinds’ 126. Frühjahraustellung, Kunstverein, Hannover, 14  March – 25 April 1965, No. 12, illustrated as ‘Man on black couch’

LITERATURE:

Ronald Alley, Francis Bacon: Catalogue Raisonné, Thames and Hudson, London, 1964, No. 190, illustrated in black and white Lorenza Trucchi, Francis Bacon, Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milan, 1975, No. 72. illustrated Ed. Martin Harrison, Francis Bacon: Catalogue Raisonné, Vol III 1958–71, The Estate of Francis Bacon, London, 2016, No. 61–17, illustrated REPRODUCED:

Art International, VI, No. 4, May 1962, p.36


Lucian Freud (1922–2011) Self-Portrait: Reflection 1996 etching 88.3 x 69.9 cm. (34 x 27 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

LITERATURE:

The Artist

New York, Museum of Modern Art, Lucian Freud: The Painter’s Etchings, 16 Dec 2007–10 Mar 2008 (another impression, illustrated No. 76)

Craig Hartley, 2004, Lucian Freud: Etchings 1946–2004. National Galleries of Scotland, illustrated p. 55

Marlborough Fine Art Private collection Marlborough Fine Art

London, National Portrait Gallery, Lucian Freud: Portraits, 9 Feb –27 May 2012 (another impression, illustrated p. 197)


R.B. Kitaj (1932–2007) Dying Life Model 1978 pastel on paper 55.9 x 76.8 cm. (22 x 30 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

LITERATURE:

The Artist

R.B. Kitaj, Fifty Drawings and Pastels, Six Oil Paintings, Marlborough Gallery, New York, April 1979, No. 35, detail illustrated

Julián Ríos, Impressiones de Kitaj, La Novela Pintada, Mondadori, Spain, 1989 and shorter version Kitaj, Pictures and Conversations, Hamish Hamilton, London, 1994, iillustrated p.203

Marlborough Fine Art, London Private collection

R. B. Kitaj: A Survey 1958–2007, Marlborough Fine Art, London, 10 June –31 July 2015, No. 12 (illustrated)

Marco Livingstone, Kitaj, Phaidon Press, London and New York, fourth revised and expanded edition 2010, No. 240


R.B. Kitaj (1932–2007) Two Messiahs 1988 oil on canvas 243.9 x 76.2 cm (96 x 30 in)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

LITERATURE:

The Artist

Double Reality (The School of London), Astrup Fearnley Museum for Modern Art, Oslo, 16 April – 9 October 1994, no. 36

Marco Livingstone, Kitaj, Phaidon Press, London and New York, fourth revised and expanded edition 2010, no. 477

Astrup Fearnley Museum Marlborough Fine Art Private Collection

Kitaj, Galería Marlborough, Madrid, 13 September20 October 2012, no. 25, illustrated in colour R. B. Kitaj A Survey 1958–2007, Marlborough Fine Art, London, 10 June – 11 July 2015, no 19, illustrated in colour


R.B. Kitaj (1932–2007) Los Angeles No. 16 (Bed), 2001–2 oil on canvas 121.9 x 121.9 cm. (48 x 48 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

LITERATURE:

The Estate of R.B. Kitaj

R.B. Kitaj: Los Angeles Pictures, L.A. Louver, Los Angeles, California, 21 May–5 July 2003, catalogue not numbered, illustrated in colour p. 32

Andrew Lambirth, R.B. Kitaj, Philip Wilson Publishers, London, 2004, illustrated in colour p. 67

R. B. Kitaj - How to Reach 72 in Jewish Art, Marlborough Gallery, New York, 1 March–2 April 2005, no. 43, illustrated in colour p. 50 R. B. Kitaj: A Survey 1958– 2007, Marlborough Fine Art, London, 10 June– 31 July 2015, no. 29, illustrated in colour R.B. Kitaj: The Exile at Home, Marlborough Contemporary, New York, 4 March–8 April 2017, catalogue not numbered, illustrated in colour p. 46

Marco Livingstone, Kitaj, Phaidon Press, London and New York, fourth revised and expanded edition 2010, no. 802


Leon Kossoff (b.1926) Inside Kilburn Underground, Summer 1983 oil on board 137 x 167.2 cm. (54 x 65 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

The Artist

Leon Kossoff: recent work, Fischer Fine Art, London, March – April 1984, traveling to L.A. Louver Gallery, Venice, California, November-December 1984

Fischer Fine Art, London Saatchi Collection Roberto Shorto Private Collection

The British show, Australia, British Council exhibition, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth, February – March 1985, travelling to Sydney and Brisbane until August 1985, introduction by William Wright, Anthony Bond and Richard Francis, essay by Peter Fuller

Leon Kossoff – London Landscapes, Annely Juda Fine Art, London, May – July 2013; Galerie Lelong, Paris, September-October 2013, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, November-December 2013, L.A. Louver, Venice, California, January – March 2014, No. 33 illustrated in colour


Paula Rego (b.1935) Dancing Ostriches from Disney’s Fantasia 1995 pastel on paper mounted on aluminium 150 x 150 cm. (59 x 59 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

The Artist

Spellbound: Art and Film, Hayward Gallery, London, May 1996

Charles Saatchi Marlborough International Fine Art

Paula Rego New Work, Marlborough Gallery Inc., New York, December 1996 –  January 1997, Catalogue Nos. 3–8, reproduced Paula Rego Retrospective exhibition, Tate Gallery Liverpool, 8 February –  13 April; travelling to Fundação das Descobertas, Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, 15 May – 17 August 1997, Catalogue Nos. 66–73 reproduced Paula Rego Retrospective Exhibition, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, 25 September –  30 December 2007; travelling to the National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, 1 February – 25 May 2008. Exhibition curated by Marco Livingstone. Reproduced p.141–147 Paula Rego, Casa das Histórias Paula Rego, Cascais, Portugal, 18 September 2009 – 18 March 2010, reproduced Paula Rego Retrospective exhibition, Museum of Contemporary Art, Monterrey, Mexico, September 2010 –  March 2011; travelling to

the Pinacoteca de Sao Paulo, Brazil, 19 March – 5 June 2011. Exhibition curated by Marco Livingstone. Catalogue Nos. 63–67, reproduced LITERATURE:

Paula Rego The Dancing Ostriches from Disney’s ‘Fantasia’, Sarah Kent Introduction ‘Mutton dressed as Lamb: Paula Rego’s Ostrich Women’; John McEwen Essay ‘The Ostriches: A Tribe of Bird Women on the edge of the Sea’, Saatchi Publications 1996 John McEwen, Paula Rego (3rd Edition), Phaidon Press, London, 2006, Reproduced p.214–221 John McEwen, Paula Rego Behind the Scenes, Phaidon Press, London, July 2008 No. 44 reproduced Fiona Bradley, Paula Rego, Tate Publishing, London, 2002, Figures 62–65 & frontispiece reproduced The History of the Saatchi Gallery, Booth-Clibborn Editions, London, June 2011, Contributors: Edward Booth-Clibborn, Richard Cork, Steve Marin, Norman Rosenthal, Brian Sewell, reproduced p.426–432


Paula Rego (b.1935) Dancing Ostriches from Disney’s Fantasia 1995 pastel on paper mounted on aluminium 150 x 150 cm. (59 x 59 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

The Artist

Spellbound: Art and Film, Hayward Gallery, London, May 1996

Charles Saatchi Marlborough International Fine Art

Paula Rego New Work, Marlborough Gallery Inc., New York, December 1996 –  January 1997, Catalogue Nos. 3–8, reproduced Paula Rego Retrospective exhibition, Tate Gallery Liverpool, 8 February –  13 April; travelling to Fundação das Descobertas, Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, 15 May – 17 August 1997, Catalogue Nos. 66–73 reproduced Paula Rego Retrospective Exhibition, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, 25 September –  30 December 2007; travelling to the National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, 1 February – 25 May 2008. Exhibition curated by Marco Livingstone. Reproduced p.141–147 Paula Rego, Casa das Histórias Paula Rego, Cascais, Portugal, 18 September 2009 – 18 March 2010, reproduced Paula Rego Retrospective exhibition, Museum of Contemporary Art, Monterrey, Mexico, September 2010 –  March 2011; travelling to

the Pinacoteca de Sao Paulo, Brazil, 19 March – 5 June 2011. Exhibition curated by Marco Livingstone. Catalogue Nos. 63–67, reproduced LITERATURE:

Paula Rego The Dancing Ostriches from Disney’s ‘Fantasia’, Sarah Kent Introduction ‘Mutton dressed as Lamb: Paula Rego’s Ostrich Women’; John McEwen Essay ‘The Ostriches: A Tribe of Bird Women on the edge of the Sea’, Saatchi Publications 1996 John McEwen, Paula Rego (3rd Edition), Phaidon Press, London, 2006, Reproduced p.214–221 John McEwen, Paula Rego Behind the Scenes, Phaidon Press, London, July 2008 No. 44 reproduced Fiona Bradley, Paula Rego, Tate Publishing, London, 2002, Figures 62–65 & frontispiece reproduced The History of the Saatchi Gallery, Booth-Clibborn Editions, London, June 2011, Contributors: Edward Booth-Clibborn, Richard Cork, Steve Marin, Norman Rosenthal, Brian Sewell, reproduced p.426–432


Euan Uglow (1932–2000) Imperial War Museum 1964 oil on canvas 84.2 x 109.2 cm. (33 x 43 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

LITERATURE:

The Artist

Survey 66: Figurative Painters, Hampstead Arts Centre 1966, London, 15 April – 29 May 1966, No. 5

Andrew Lambirth, Euan Uglow: A Personal Choice by Craigie Aitchison, Holburne Museum of Art, Bath, 2006, p.10, reproduced No. 10

Private Collection

Euan Uglow, Arts Council of Great Britain, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, 18 April – 19 May 1974, No. 40 Euan Uglow: A Personal Choice by Craigie Aitchison, Holburne Museum of Art, Bath, 14 October 2006 – 28 January 2007, No. 10

Euan Uglow The Complete Paintings: Catalogue Raisonné by Catherine Lampert; essays by Richard Kendall and Catherine Lampert, No. 321, reproduced p.156. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2007


Euan Uglow (1932–2000) Loaf 1981–83 oil on canvas 34.8 x 79.5 cm. (13 x 31 in.)

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

LITERATURE:

The Artist

Euan Uglow Paintings and Drawings, Browse & Darby, London, May – June 1983, No. 24, illustrated in black and white, catalogue text by Myles Murphy

Andrew Lambirth, Artists on Oil Painting, Artists and illustrators, October 1990, p.34

British Council, The Proper Study: Contemporary Figurative Paintings from Britain, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi, 1–31 December, Jehangir Nicolson Museum of Modern Art, Bombay, 1–28 February 1985, No. 79, catalogue introduction by Norbert Lynton, entry on Uglow by Catherine Lampert

Karen Wilkin, An Endless Now: The Art of Euan Uglow, New Criterion, 12, No. 6 (February 1994), p.27–30

Browse and Darby, London Private Collection

Euan Uglow: Ideas 1952–1991, Browse & Darby, London, April–May 1991, No. 34, illustrated in black and white, catalogue introduction by Richard Kendall Euan Uglow, Salandar O’Reilly, New York, December, 1993, No. 19, illustrated in colour

Andrew Lambirth, A State of Emergency, Modern Painters, Summer 1993, p.28–32

Martin Gayford, Magic Moments, Spectator, 10 May 1997, p.45, Browse & Darby 1998 Euan Uglow The Complete Paintings: Catalogue Raisonné by Catherine Lampert; essays by Richard Kendall and Catherine Lampert, No. 317, reproduced in colour p.152, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2007


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Design: Stocks Taylor Benson | Print: Impress Print Services ISBN 978-1-909707-40-5 | Catalogue No. 668 | Š 2017 Marlborough


School of London

School of London  

Online exhibition catalogue for the School of London, Marlborough Fine Art.

School of London  

Online exhibition catalogue for the School of London, Marlborough Fine Art.