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Congestion growing geometry Marissa Nava 1 Congestion


Portfolio M.S. in Advanced Architectural Design GSAPP Columbia University

CREDITS: Andrei Tarkovsky Haruki Murakami Alejandro González Iñárritu Michelangelo Antonioni Monica Vitti David Lynch IMAGES: Ciudad Juárez, México Nuevo Casas Grandes, México Caral, Perú Machu Picchu, Perú New York, United States

Congestion 2


INTRODUCTION

Congestion is an architecture created by the repetition of lines, objects and ideas. Through personal design, politics and landscape. “All he can do is present his own image of the world, for people to be able to look at it through his eyes, and be filled with his feelings, doubts and thoughts.� Andrei Tarkovsky

3 Congestion


Congestion 4


CONTENTS

NEW YORK / PARIS Fall 2011 6

MONOGRAPH Spring 2014 16

SUPERPOWER URBAN ENACTMENTS Summer 2013 212

JAMAICA BAY 2050 Fall 2013 256

5 Congestion


Manhattan NY, USA

Congestion 6


NEW YORK / PARIS

Babak Bryan + Jane Kim + Thomas De Monchaux + Philip Nobel + Patrick O’Connor + Rodrigo Zamora

7 Congestion


Congestion 8


New York / Paris program was reflected on the way I design now:

9 Congestion


Congestion 10


Congestion of lines. They way I look at the city.

11 Congestion


Congestion 12


Necessary tools to design that doesn’t exist but there is always a chance to create them.

13 Congestion


Congestion 14


The importance of stairs.

15 Congestion


Manhattan NY, USA 39th and 40th street

Congestion 16


MONOGR APH

LOT-EK + Thomas De Monchaux, ciritcs

17 Congestion


Congestion 18


By different actions such as rotate, scale and repeat the perception of an object will be different as we see it in every day life.

19 Congestion


Book Layout

Congestion 20


Congestion came from life-long memories. This is a congestion of people, architecture, feelings, confusions, objects and ideas. We tend to want more for ourselves, never satisfied, adding more to the point of saturation. For the first half of the semester we were tasked with creating a building a week. I began with unrealistic geometries composed of many lines. In some of these spaces I used common services, such as toilets and stairs, to help me project a vague idea of scale and function after the linear saturation. For this I relied on intuition and guidance from life-long memories. Through the process my memories became brighter, stronger and allowed me to make design decisions.

For the second half of the semester, I utilized the same congestion process for giving order to my lines and geometries. I turned to our use of every-day objects incorporating them to my architectural vision. For example, mattresses in which we spend approximately 8 hours per day and toilets for around 20 minutes per day. Both of these are imbued with a sense of privacy. Then I included objects that become public spaces, such as stairs and doors. What if we multiply the amount of these objects to the point of congestion? How would that change our every day lives? The book is divided in five chapters, each one is a building.

21 Congestion


Retail

Congestion 22


Toilets / Pipes

LAUFREN bathroom manufacturers 1963

23 Congestion


toilets Congestion 24


plumbing

How to build a Retail place with Toilets and Plumbing?

25 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 26

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size


plumbing

A place of privacy, an scape of reality. Where we spend around 20 minutes per day.

27 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 28

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size Second Floor: 80 toilets categorized by color


plumbing 29 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 30

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size Second Floor: 80 toilets categorized by color Third Floor: 50 toilets categorized by functionality


plumbing 31 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 32

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size Second Floor: 80 toilets categorized by color Third Floor: 50 toilets categorized by functionality Fourth Floor: 145 toilets categorized by age


plumbing 33 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 34

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size Second Floor: 80 toilets categorized by color Third Floor: 50 toilets categorized by functionality Fourth Floor: 145 toilets categorized by age Fifth Floor: 30 toilets categorized by technology


plumbing 35 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 36

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size Second Floor: 80 toilets categorized by color Third Floor: 50 toilets categorized by functionality Fourth Floor: 145 toilets categorized by age Fifth Floor: 30 toilets categorized by technology


plumbing 37 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 38

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size Second Floor: 80 toilets categorized by color Third Floor: 50 toilets categorized by functionality Fourth Floor: 145 toilets categorized by age Fifth Floor: 30 toilets categorized by technology


plumbing 39 Congestion


Components

toilets

Ramps: 8” diameter pipes Walls: 6” diameter Heating / Cooling pipes of 6” Stairs: 12” diameter pipes Structure: 12” diameter pipes Envelope: 12” diameter Steam pipes

Congestion 40

First Floor: 9 toilets categorized by size Second Floor: 80 toilets categorized by color Third Floor: 50 toilets categorized by functionality Fourth Floor: 145 toilets categorized by age Fifth Floor: 30 toilets categorized by technology


Total: 568 toilets

plumbing 41 Congestion


toilets Congestion 42


plumbing 43 Congestion


toilets Congestion 44


plumbing 45 Congestion


Components

17.19 ft

17.19 ft

toilets

17.19 ft

17.19 ft

Left page: Plumbing and toilets details Right page: Section trough structure

Congestion 46


200 ft

plumbing 47 Congestion


Components

toilets

Left page: Concept plan Right page: Ground floor plan

Congestion 48


plumbing 49 Congestion


toilets Congestion 50


plumbing 51 Congestion


toilets Congestion 52


plumbing

-What do you think about the building? -I don’t know it is too much for me.

53 Congestion


toilets Congestion 54


plumbing

-Too much what? -Too many colors, too many shapes, too much history behind these objects, it is hard to choose.

55 Congestion


toilets Congestion 56


plumbing

-But they are just toilets, you know them, I’m sure you can make a decision. -This place just confuses me.

57 Congestion


toilets Congestion 58


plumbing

-I thought you would like it... -I’m scared

59 Congestion


toilets Congestion 60


plumbing

-How come? With all this humidity, there is no place like this -I told you...

61 Congestion


Warehouse

Congestion 62


Stairs / Electricity

Nikola Tesla appears in a multiple-exposure photo in 1899, while a Tesla coil discharges millions of volts.

63 Congestion


stairs Congestion 64


electricity

How to build a Warehouse with Stairs and Electricity?

65 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 66

First Side: 90 stairs


electricity

What if we multiply the amount of these objects to the point of congestion? How would that change our every day lives?

67 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 68

First Side: 90 stairs Second and Third Sides: 183 stairs


electricity 69 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 70

First Side: 90 stairs Second and Third Sides: 183 stairs Fourth and Fifth Sides: 200 stairs


electricity 71 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 72

First Side: 90 stairs Second and Third Sides: 183 stairs Fourth and Fifth Sides: 200 stairs Sixth Side: 90 stairs


electricity 73 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 74

First Side: 90 stairs Second and Third Sides: 183 stairs Fourth and Fifth Sides: 200 stairs Sixth Side: 90 stairs Interior: Capacity for 1500 stairs per level (14)


electricity 75 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 76

First Side: 90 stairs Second and Third Sides: 183 stairs Fourth and Fifth Sides: 200 stairs Sixth Side: 90 stairs Interior: Capacity for 1500 stairs per level (14)


electricity 77 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 78

First Side: 90 stairs Second and Third Sides: 183 stairs Fourth and Fifth Sides: 200 stairs Sixth Side: 90 stairs Interior: Capacity for 1500 stairs per level (14)


electricity 79 Congestion


Components

stairs

Stairs: 3ft width, 6ft rise Structure: Electricity wires Circulation: 374 stairs per level

Congestion 80

First Side: 90 stairs Second and Third Sides: 183 stairs Fourth and Fifth Sides: 200 stairs Sixth Side: 90 stairs Interior: Capacity for 1500 stairs per level (14)


Total: 23, 437 stairs

electricity 81 Congestion


stairs Congestion 82


electricity 83 Congestion


Components

stairs

Left page: Electricity around the building, private and public spaces plan Right page: Stairs different uses- circulation, private or public space

Congestion 84


electricity 85 Congestion


Components

stairs

Left page: Concept plan Right page: Elevation, building and site

Congestion 86


electricity 87 Congestion


stairs Congestion 88


electricity 89 Congestion


stairs

Wireless electricity all around

What is that for?

I think it is a way for you to turn on any music player

Congestion 90


In a sense that if you want to spend some time listening to the noises that you like, you can come here and play them all together.

electricity

It is a disaster here! I can’t understand how to get in or out, not even those interior spaces.

I guess those are the ones that people rent to have some kind of event there and even concerts.

91 Congestion


stairs

I utilized the same congestion process for giving order to my lines and geometries. I turned to our use of every-day objects incorporating them to my architectural vision.

Congestion 92


electricity 93 Congestion


stairs Congestion 94


electricity

“Biutiful is the story of Uxbal. Devoted father. Tormented lover. Mystified son. Underground businessman. Ghost seeker. Spiritual sensitive. Consumer goods pirate. Guilty conscience. Urban survivor. A man sensing the danger of death. Who tries to reconcile with love, Yet fails.

95 Congestion


stairs Congestion 96


electricity

Who hungers to do the right thing, But stumbles. Whose heart is broken, seduced, emptied . . . Then filled with more than desire. He has blood on his hands. Weight on his soul. Urgency in his every breath.

97 Congestion


stairs Congestion 98


electricity

He may lose it all yet suddenly. . . In a kind of midnight finds everything to give. Sometimes our lives are like this:

99 Congestion


stairs Congestion 100


electricity 101 Congestion


stairs Congestion 102


electricity 103 Congestion


stairs Congestion 104


electricity 105 Congestion


stairs Congestion 106


electricity

Sometimes our lives are like this: Fractured, overpowering, emotionally electric And still breathtakingly beautiful.�

107 Congestion


Hotel

Congestion 108


Mattresses / Columns

Crewmen aboard the Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carrier Akagi lash futon mattresses to the carrier’s island superstructure to provide extra protection from attack as the carrier heads towards the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in November or December 1941.

109 Congestion


mattresses Congestion 110


columns

How to build a Hotel with Mattresses and Columns?

111 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: 616 Queen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 112

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses


columns

Sleep, eat and have fun.

113 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: 616 Queen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 114

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses Third Floor: 705 matresses Fourth Floor: 815 matresses


columns 115 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: 616 Queen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 116

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses Third Floor: 705 matresses Fourth Floor: 815 matresses Fifth Floor: 458 mattresses


Sixth Floor: 529 mattresses

columns 117 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: 616 Queen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 118

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses Third Floor: 705 matresses Fourth Floor: 815 matresses Fifth Floor: 458 mattresses


Sixth Floor: 529 mattresses Seventh Floor: 875 mattresses

columns 119 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: 616 Queen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 120

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses Third Floor: 705 matresses Fourth Floor: 815 matresses Fifth Floor: 458 mattresses


Sixth Floor: 529 mattresses Seventh Floor: 875 mattresses Eight Floor: 659 mattresses

columns 121 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: 616 Queen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 122

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses Third Floor: 705 matresses Fourth Floor: 815 matresses Fifth Floor: 458 mattresses


Sixth Floor: 529 mattresses Seventh Floor: 875 mattresses Eight Floor: 659 mattresses Ninth Floor: 700 mattresses

columns 123 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: 616 Queen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 124

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses Third Floor: 705 matresses Fourth Floor: 815 matresses Fifth Floor: 458 mattresses


Sixth Floor: 529 mattresses Seventh Floor: 875 mattresses Eight Floor: 659 mattresses Ninth Floor: 700 mattresses Tenth Floor: 659 matresses

columns 125 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Floors: WQueen mattresses Structure: 8� columns Walls: Queen mattresses Stairs: Queen mattresses

Congestion 126

First Floor: 859 mattresses Second Floor: 666 mattresses Third Floor: 705 matresses Fourth Floor: 815 matresses Fifth Floor: 458 mattresses


Sixth Floor: 529 mattresses Seventh Floor: 875 mattresses Eight Floor: 659 mattresses Ninth Floor: 700 mattresses Tenth Floor: 659 matresses

Total: 6,925 mattresses

columns 127 Congestion


mattresses Congestion 128


columns 129 Congestion


mattresses

A nap, one night, one week.

Congestion 130


columns 131 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Left page: Concept plan Right page: First floor plan

Congestion 132


columns 133 Congestion


Components

mattresses

Left page: East and North elevation Right page: Concept Elevation

Congestion 134


columns 135 Congestion


mattresses Congestion 136


columns 137 Congestion


mattresses Congestion 138


columns

“When you see an aging building or a rusted bridge, you are seeing nature and man working together. If you paint over a building, there is no more magic to that building.

139 Congestion


mattresses Congestion 140


columns

But if it is allowed to age, then man has buildt it and nature has added into it- it’s organic. But often people wouldn’t think to permit that, except for scenic designers.”

141 Congestion


mattresses Congestion 142


columns

“How we see films is changing. The video iPod and videos online are changing everything. A tiny little picture, instead of a giant big picture, is going to be how people see films.

143 Congestion


mattresses Congestion 144


columns

The whole thing is, when those curtains open, and the lights go down, we must be able to go into that world. And in many ways, it’s getting very difficult to go into a world. People talk so much in theaters. And there’s a tiny crummy little picture. How do you get that experience?”

145 Congestion


Performance Center

Congestion 146


Doors / Catwalk

Wall crossing the border between El Paso Tx. and Ciudad Juarez, 2009.

147 Congestion


doors Congestion 148


catwalk

How to build a Performance Center with Doors and a Catwalk?

149 Congestion


Components

doors

Scenario: Three levels of seating area Structure: Spiral catwalk Walls: Mobile doors of different shapes and materials

Congestion 150

First Floor: Scenario


catwalk

Move the doors. Arrange your scenes.

151 Congestion


Components

doors

Scenario: Three levels of seating area Structure: Spiral catwalk Walls: Mobile doors of different shapes and materials

Congestion 152

First Floor: Scenario Second Floor: 70 doors


catwalk 153 Congestion


Components

doors

Scenario: Three levels of seating area Structure: Spiral catwalk Walls: Mobile doors of different shapes and materials

Congestion 154

First Floor: Scenario Second Floor: 70 doors Third Floor: 241 doors


catwalk 155 Congestion


Components

doors

Scenario: Three levels of seating area Structure: Spiral catwalk Walls: Mobile doors of different shapes and materials

Congestion 156

First Floor: Scenario Second Floor: 70 doors Third Floor: 241 doors Fourth Floor: 669 doors


catwalk 157 Congestion


Components

doors

Scenario: Three levels of seating area Structure: Spiral catwalk Walls: Mobile doors of different shapes and materials

Congestion 158

First Floor: Scenario Second Floor: 70 doors Third Floor: 241 doors Fourth Floor: 669 doors Fifth Floor: 845 doors


catwalk 159 Congestion


Components

doors

Scenario: Three levels of seating area Structure: Spiral catwalk Walls: Mobile doors of different shapes and materials

Congestion 160

First Floor: Scenario Second Floor: 70 doors Third Floor: 241 doors Fourth Floor: 669 doors Fifth Floor: 845 doors


Sixth Floor: 1,012 doors

catwalk 161 Congestion


Components

doors

Scenario: Three levels of seating area Structure: Spiral catwalk Walls: Mobile doors of different shapes and materials

Congestion 162

First Floor: Scenario Second Floor: 70 doors Third Floor: 241 doors Fourth Floor: 669 doors Fifth Floor: 845 doors


Sixth Floor: 1,012 doors

Total: 2,837 doors

catwalk 163 Congestion


doors Congestion 164


catwalk 165 Congestion


doors Congestion 166


catwalk 167 Congestion


doors Congestion 168


catwalk 169 Congestion


Components

doors

Left and right page: Eisenstein study

Congestion 170


catwalk

“I think it’s going to be a bit of a bumpy road. But the possibility is there for very clean pictures- no scratches, no dirt, no water marks, no tearing- and an image that can be controlled in an infinite number of ways. If you take care of how you show a film, it can be a beautiful experience that lets you go into a world.”

171 Congestion


doors Congestion 172


catwalk 173 Congestion


doors Congestion 174


catwalk

When I get inside I just look at more doors one after another, that are the ones that create different scenes. It is like getting into a movie, where the actors are there, the montages too, but there are too many to see the difference between you been a visitor or part of the movie.

175 Congestion


doors Congestion 176


catwalk

Everything was silent when I got in, but there is moment in the half of the passage where I started listening to music, so I wanted to keep walking. As I did it the music was louder, until I got into the void where was an orchestra playing.

177 Congestion


doors Congestion 178


catwalk

It feels like a mass but with some transparency on the interior that create the scenography.

179 Congestion


doors Congestion 180


catwalk

Everyone is involved once you get in.

181 Congestion


doors Congestion 182


catwalk

Move the doors and you will see!

183 Congestion


Performance Center

Congestion 184


Shoes / Communication

Old lady walking on the streets of Chihuahua in 2010.

185 Congestion


Components

shoes

Floors: Queen mattresses Structure: 12� diameter pipes Walls: Queen mattresses

Congestion 186

Ground Floor: Public Plaza


communication

The place of cult as a sanctuary for the ordinary objects.

187 Congestion


Components

shoes

Floors: Queen mattresses Structure: 12� diameter pipes Walls: Queen mattresses

Congestion 188

Ground Floor: Public Plaza Second Floor: Hole body punishment Third Floor: Half body punishment Fourth Floor: Feet punishment


communication 189 Congestion


Components

shoes

Floors: Queen mattresses Structure: 12� diameter pipes Walls: Queen mattresses

Congestion 190

Ground Floor: Public Plaza Second Floor: Hole body punishment Third Floor: Half body punishment Fourth Floor: Feet punishment Fifth Floor: Shoemaker confesion area


communication 191 Congestion


Components

shoes

Floors: Queen mattresses Structure: 12� diameter pipes Walls: Queen mattresses

Congestion 192

Ground Floor: Public Plaza Second Floor: Hole body punishment Third Floor: Half body punishment Fourth Floor: Feet punishment Fifth Floor: Shoemaker confesion area


Sixth Floor: Shoe fabrication Seventh Floor: Shoe fabrication

communication 193 Congestion


Components

shoes

Floors: Queen mattresses Structure: 12� diameter pipes Walls: Queen mattresses

Congestion 194

Ground Floor: Public Plaza Second Floor: Hole body punishment Third Floor: Half body punishment Fourth Floor: Feet punishment Fifth Floor: Shoemaker confesion area


Sixth Floor: Shoe fabrication Seventh Floor: Shoe fabrication Eight Floor: Metitation Ninth Floor: Meditation Stairs

communication 195 Congestion


Components

shoes

Floors: Queen mattresses Structure: 12� diameter pipes Walls: Queen mattresses

Congestion 196

Ground Floor: Public Plaza Second Floor: Hole body punishment Third Floor: Half body punishment Fourth Floor: Feet punishment Fifth Floor: Shoemaker confesion area


Sixth Floor: Shoe fabrication Seventh Floor: Shoe fabrication Eight Floor: Metitation Ninth Floor: Meditation Stairs, toilets

communication 197 Congestion


Components

shoes

Floors: Queen mattresses Structure: 12� diameter pipes Walls: Queen mattresses

Congestion 198

Ground Floor: Public Plaza Second Floor: Hole body punishment Third Floor: Half body punishment Fourth Floor: Feet punishment Fifth Floor: Shoemaker confesion area


Sixth Floor: Shoe fabrication Seventh Floor: Shoe fabrication Eight Floor: Metitation Ninth Floor: Meditation Stairs, toilets and door.

communication 199 Congestion


Components Right page: Ground floor plan

And you really will have to make it through that violent, metaphysical, symbolic storm.

shoes

No matter how metaphysical or symbolic it might be, make no mistake about it: it will cut through flesh like a thousand razor blades. People will bleed there, and you will bleed too. Hot, red blood. You’ll catch that blood in your hands, your own blood and the blood of others. And once the storm is over you won’t remember how you made it through how you managed to survive. You won’t even be sure, in fact, whether the storm is really over. But one thing is certain. When you come out of the storm you won’t be the same person who walked in. That’s what this storm’s all about.” Congestion 200


communication 201 Congestion


Components

shoes

Left page: West elevation Right page: North elevation

Congestion 202


communication 203 Congestion


shoes Congestion 204


communication

“Sometime fate is like a small sandstorm that keeps changing directions. You change direction but the sandstorm chases you. You turn again, but the storm adjusts. Over and over you play this out, like some ominous dance with death just before dawn. Why?

205 Congestion


shoes Congestion 206


communication

Because this storm isn’t something that blew in from far away, something that has nothing to do with you. This storm is you. Something inside of you. So all you can do is give in to it, step right inside the storm,

207 Congestion


shoes Congestion 208


communication

closing your eyes and plugging up your ears so the sand doesn’t get in, and walk through it, step by step. There’s no sun there, no moon, no direction, no sense of time. Just fine white sand swirling up into the sky like pulverized bones.

209 Congestion


What if we multiply the amount of these objects to the point of congestion? How would that change our every day lives?

Congestion 210


211 Congestion


Manhattan NY, USA 184th and Broadway

Congestion 212


SUPERPOWER URBAN ENACTMENTS Andres Jaque, critic

213 Congestion


Network of Interactions

Congestion 214


New York / Santo Domingo

Protesters at Rockefeller Center against Dominican Republic’s Rafael Trujillo, New York, NY, Justo A. In 2010, there were approximately 1.41 million people of Dominican descent in the US, including both native and foreign-born.

215 Congestion


New York

There are currently around 400 thousand Dominicans in NYC, 46% in Washington Heights.

Congestion 216


Santo Domingo

How to build a Newtwork of Interactions between NYC and Dominican Republic?

217 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 218

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway


Santo Domingo

-Papers, papers all around. -What kind of papers?

Block between 184th st. and Broadway

219 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 220

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway First Floor: Beach, community gardens, local stores, apartments flexible to grow.


Santo Domingo

Apartments flexible to grow

Local stores Community gardens

Beach

221 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 222

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway First Floor: Beach, community gardens, local stores, apartments flexible to grow, place to become professional.


Santo Domingo

Place to become professional

223 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 224

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway First Floor: Beach, community gardens, local stores, apartments flexible to grow, place to become professional, place to live and work.


Santo Domingo

Work / Live

225 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 226

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway First Floor: Beach, community gardens, local stores, apartments flexible to grow, place to become professional, place to live and work. Streets, school, offices, baseball court, church and elevator.


Offices

Church

Elevator Streets School Santo Domingo

Baseball court

227 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 228

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway First Floor: Beach, community gardens, local stores, apartments flexible to grow, place to become professional, place to live and work. Streets, school, offices, baseball court, sochool and elevator. One person studio, elevator to Rivas Travel Agency.


Rivas Travel Agency

One person studio

Santo Domingo 229 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 230

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway First Floor: Beach, community gardens, local stores, apartments flexible to grow, place to become professional, place to live and work. Streets, school, offices, baseball court, sochool and elevator. One person studio, elevator to Rivas Travel Agency.


Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Beach

Live / work flexible to grow

Ground Floor: Shanty Town- housing Beach- live and work houses flexible to grow, hotels

Shanty Town

Santo Domingo 231 Congestion


Components

New York

Washington Heights, New York, NY

Congestion 232

Ground Floor: Block between 184th st. and Broadway First Floor: Beach, community gardens, local stores, apartments flexible to grow, place to become professional, place to live and work. Streets, school, offices, baseball court, sochool and elevator. One person studio, elevator to Rivas Travel Agency.


Ground Floor: Shanty Town- housing Beach- live and work houses flexible to grow, hotels Connective belt- connects Shaty Town and Beach housing, it provides places to work, study and hobbies.

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Place for study and hobbies

Santo Domingo 233 Congestion


New York Congestion 234


Santo Domingo 235 Congestion


New York Congestion 236


Santo Domingo 237 Congestion


New York

Immigrant faces many barriers such as citizenship, language and education towards integration in NYC. That is equal an opportunity of architectural response to social and urban network.

Congestion 238


To help them cross those barriers, it exist places like the one that I was working on: Rivas Travel Agency. This Enactment work as a Dominican identity system creating a visual language by peculiar advertisement sensitivities. Located at Washington Heights, the largest concentration of Dominican immigrants. Decorated by its owner Mr. Rivas, workins as meadiator between the clients and the rights such as economic, political and social participation) system. Through the services such as bankruptcy, divorce, tax income, insurance, travel and citizenship.

The domininicans move to a foreign society in order to look for the possibility of economic growth. In response to that, I am proposing a way to implement the support of immigrant network by creating community on a block in Washington Heights. This project offers different places for immigrants to live, work and study depending on their economic situation. In total this architecture, could offer a place to live for around 2,000 people.

Santo Domingo 239 Congestion


Rivas Travel Agency 1. Citizenship desk 2. Insurance desk 3. Second Insurance desk 4. Travel ticketing desk 5. Everything desk 6. Travel Agent desk

2.

3.

4.

5. Congestion 240

6.

New York

1.


7. Office decoration 8. Office section

7.

Santo Domingo

8.

241 Congestion


Work and live situations

New York

1. Washington Heights block 2. Shanty town Dominican Republic 3. New York Ciry community 4. Studios proposal for new immigrants in NYC 5. Apartments with communal kitchen 6. Apartments for settle immigrants

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Congestion 242


7. Work / live 8. Flexible growing place to live in NYC 9. Flexible growing place to work in NYC 10. Place to become professional 11. Flexible growing place to live / work in Dominican Republic 12. Connective belt Dominican Republic

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

Santo Domingo

7.

243 Congestion


Flexible place to grow Work / Live 1. New immigrants current place to work 2. Settled immigrants place to live 3. New immigrants current place to live

New York

1.

2.

3. Congestion 244


Santo Domingo 245 Congestion


Studios for new immigrants

New York

1. Studios flexible to grow 2. Studios section

Congestion 246

1.

2.


Santo Domingo

The community on the proposal promotes integration by offering immigrants in the majority Dominican, convenient flexible spaces that promote economic, social and political empowerment.

247 Congestion


Place to become professional 1. Acting 2. Music level one 3. Music level two 4. English level one 5. English level two

1.

New York

2. 9.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

10. Congestion 248

8.


6. Finance 7. Economics level one 8. Economic level two 9. Areas to start a new business 10. Daycare

Santo Domingo 249 Congestion


New York Congestion 250


Santo Domingo

One of the things that makes this place special is The advertisement-decoration that gives the desire to travel -Show how the immigrants are already part of the American culture and they use to visit cities such as Disneyland, Washington DC, San Francisco, etc.

251 Congestion


New York Congestion 252


Santo Domingo

What makes it successful Is that it expand its network by word-of-mouth jumping into familiar relationships of the Dominican Republic and by working for the clients ordinary demands.

253 Congestion


New York

By enhancing the network of interactions between immigrant workers in NYC and Dominican Republic, we can leverage the community’s inherent institutionalized knowledge to promote integration.

Congestion 254


Santo Domingo

Evidence that this place is successful because after it help them to be naturalized, they can go to travel around the world and come back to the US without a problem.

255 Congestion


Jamaica Bay, NY

Congestion 256


JAMAICA BAY 2050 Katherine Orff + Kate Ascher, critics In collaboration with Emily Koustae

257 Congestion


National Park

Congestion 258


Working Landscape

“Jamaica Bay is one of the greatest natural treasures any city has within its borders, and our administration is working hard to make the bay an even greater, stronger, and more resilient natural resource for decades to come,” said Mayor Bloomberg. “The new consortium we’re announcing today is an all-star team of research institutions and non-profits who will do important work to protect and preserve urban ecosystems from development and from the effects of climate change.” August 12, 2013

259 Congestion


Working Landscape

Provide facilities for the resiliency institute to conduct their research which will ultimately improve the water and ecology of Jamiaca Bay, establish Floyd Bennett Field as a destination in the National Park system.

Congestion 260


Jamaica Bay 2050

261 Congestion


Water Transects

Working Landscape

1. Causes affecting the water 2. CSO outfall

1.

Congestion 262


Jamaica Bay 2050

2.

263 Congestion


Working Landscape

Impacts on habitat

OSPREY

PIPING PLOVER

prefer coastal sand and gravel beaches migrate north in the summer and winter to the south threatened and endangered

MAN

fishing bycatch poaching

ALGEA BLOOM

climits the amount of light that reach the inhospitable to marine life

HORSESHOE CRAB’s EGGS

FRESH N2

attract migratory shorebirds Dealaware Bay Plumb Beach : station for monitoring

3500lb per

HORSESHOE CRAB

each spring clamber onto bay beaches to reproduce

Congestion 264


Jamaica Bay 2050

SPARTINA ALTERNIFLORA

accumulates sediment allows shellfish to settle roots may draw nutrition from and kill terrapin eggs

PHRAGMITES AUSTRALIS cleans water attracts poanes viator

BLUE HERON

MOSQUITOS

H2O

DIAMONDBACK TERRAPIN nests on islands rise of water levels

RACCOON despoil nests

floor

H WATER INTRUSION TERRAPIN’s EGGS

r day

EELGRASS

captures N2 to grow

SHELLFISH (OYSTERS/RIBBED MUSSELS)

shellfishing prohibited in 1921 - diseases from sewage now absent or extremely limited water column filteration nursery habitat for marine animals aid in the process of wetland creation by reatining sediment and organic material allow plants to take root

265 Congestion


Birds’ nest strategy

Working Landscape

Engage water and sand.

Congestion 266


Jamaica Bay 2050

267 Congestion


Desing framework

Working Landscape

1. Floyd Bennett Field design 2. Fieldwork methodology

Runways as a starting point to develop the grid as a reference to fieldwork methodology. 1.

Congestion 268


oysters

preserve existing

Jamaica Bay 2050

plant restoration

soil recycling

2.

269 Congestion


Island redevelopment Left: Bird nests, soil island Right: Water filtration island

1. Island made of soil 4. Island made of oysters and spartina 5. Polluted water 6. Clean water

Working Landscape

1.

2.

3.

The material from dredging activities is treated and reused. Congestion 270


4. Jamaica Bay 2050

5.

6.

Oyster shells to filtrate the water. 271 Congestion


The alliance for Floyd Bennett Field Park 1. Phasing pro-forma 2. Health progress report

CONCERTS & FESTIVALS

Annual Revenue: $2.4MM One time Revenue: $3.5MM DREDGING

Construction Cost: $12MM Working Landscape

MARINA

Annual Revenue: $400K One time Revenue: $1MM URBAN ECO/FISHING VILLAGE

Construction Cost: $40MM Annual Revenue: $11-16MM HOTEL PROPERTY

Annual Revenue: $2.5MM One time Revenue: $8MM AMPHITHEATRE

Construction cost: $3mm 1.

Congestion 272


PHASE 2

PHASE 1



PHASE 3









Jamaica Bay 2050





 

  

 



 

 

 

 





2.













273 Congestion


Congestion 274

Working Landscape


marina

Jamaica Bay 2050

concert venues

fishing village

hotel

275 Congestion


wetland center

resiliency center

Working Landscape

plots

marina cottages Congestion 276


Main canal allows water to flow.

Jamaica Bay 2050

fishing village

277 Congestion


Cut & Fill

CUT + FILL

1. public recreational activities

Working Landscape

2. ecological / restoration / scientific activities

3.

4.

5.

6.

Congestion 278

community protection / public circulation

1. Public recreational activities 2. Ecological / restoration / scientific activities 3. Community protection / public circulation 4. Floyd Bennett Field 5. Bay 6. Belt


Jamaica Bay 2050

279 Congestion


Cut & Fill

Working Landscape

Summer 2017: Wetland & bird watching

Congestion 280


Jamaica Bay 2050

281 Congestion


Cut & Fill

Working Landscape

Sunny day 2018: Water canal

Congestion 282


Jamaica Bay 2050

283 Congestion


Cut & Fill

Working Landscape

Summer 2050: Water recreation

Congestion 284


Jamaica Bay 2050

285 Congestion


Plots Unit

Working Landscape

spartina and eel grass testing and experimenting plots

Congestion 286


Jamaica Bay 2050

287 Congestion


Working Landscape

Fishing Village Unit

Congestion 288


Jamaica Bay 2050

289 Congestion


Congestion 290

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Bay restoration Low Tide

291 Congestion


Congestion 292

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Active bay Summer Time

293 Congestion


Congestion 294

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Public canal Sunny Day

295 Congestion


Congestion 296

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Wetland center Sunny Day

297 Congestion


Congestion 298

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Wetland center Rainy Day

299 Congestion


Congestion 300

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Concert venue Day Time

301 Congestion


Congestion 302

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Concert venue Night Time

303 Congestion


Congestion 304

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Resiliency corridor Summer Time

305 Congestion


Congestion 306

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050

Resiliency corridor Winter Time

307 Congestion


Congestion 308

Working Landscape


Jamaica Bay 2050 Current Situation

309 Congestion


shoes Congestion 310


communication 311 Congestion


Congestion 312


RENDERING AS A FETICHISM THE MORE REALISTIC, THE BETTER. The word rendering evokes images of complex visual representations only possible thanks to recent technological progress. In reality the term has been used, as related to architectural visualization, since the early 1960’s. It was in this decade that designer William Fetter coined the term to describe the layout inside Boeing’s airplanes. He used this process of graphical representation to maximize the efficiency of describing a new design. Renders revolutionized the world of design by leveraging technology. To date, the evolution of renders has been tremendous. Almost every architecture practitioner uses renders to express and ultimately sell their ideas. As a consequence, the experience of hand-drawn representations has become old fashioned; audiences are expecting visuals closer and closer to reality as technology may permit. But, is realism necessarily better? “What is a rendering? An alluring device to win over a jury or public? A realistic depiction? Or perhaps it’s an entity unto itself… The rendering has “become to architecture what pornography is to every teenage boy”. (Quirk 2012) JANES CAROUSEL Jean Nouvel was commissioned by David Walentas the design of a building for Jane’s Carousel in order to keep people coming to the neighborhood where Mr. Walentas has been selling luxury condos and lofts for more than a decade. Jane’s Carousel wad originally built in 1922 and recently restored back to its original nostalgic elegance by its owners, the Walentas. It serves as

a memorial to the people that have worked to keep this memory-filled object alive. To facilitate this preservation, Jean Nouvel was commissioned to design a Pavilion that could cover it, so the Carousel may be able to enthrall its spectators for years to come. In contrast to its monumental surrounding backdrop, Nouvel aimed to create a “fragile little monument” for the city. Nouvel uses a minimalist architectural language that is far removed from the ornate visual qualities of Jane’s Carousel. This appears to produce an interesting juxtaposition of styles. However, this contrast also reveals that the primary purpose of Jean Nouvel’s Box is to protect the main attraction from the natural elements. In essence, Nouvel’s Box appears as a simple shelter or shed. That being said, Box has a strong ceiling pattern that reflects the movements below. Otherwise without this pattern, the contour could become part of any building. This begs the question, without the Carousel inside, is Nouvel’s box a landmark in its own right? Can the Carousel stand as a “fragile little monument” on its own? The Carousel’s history speaks volumes by itself. The carnivalesque musical tunes played in the Carousel transport its visitors to another time and place. The striking colors and shapes remind the viewers of their own childhood and unite them through a sense of shared nostalgia for times past. This is the result of a years-long effort to carve the horses, create the steel shapes, repair the carpentry, bringing it to its original essence. Add 1200 lights, and the result is an eye-catching device for reliving old memories. Finally, despite serving very simple kinetic functions, it invites you to take a ride, enjoy, and promises more than a smile. “In the heart of the newly developed Brooklyn Bridge Park, facing Downtown Manhattan, Jane’s Carousel sists between the massive stoned pier of the Brooklyn Bridge and the slender blue 313 Congestion


steel pier of the Manhattan Bridge, a few feet from the East River. The pavilion’s aim is to be a protective shelter for the carousel, as well as a welcoming public space for the children of the city coming for enjoyment and fun-filled ride. At night, the pavilion turns into a magic lantern, visible from the surrounding, environment: every hour the horse’s shadows dance on the building’s facades, marking the hour in the way of a city clock.” (Jean Nouvel: Jane's Carousel 2012)4 Jean Nouvel created a shelter for the Carousel, but not in a way that was faithful to its rendered representation. The building was supposed to create this “magic lantern” at night but that did not happen. The night show that every one was expecting to see from it was just a pure idealization of the building function. JEAN NOUVEL One architecture practitioner that is taking this method of representation to its limits is 2008 Pritzker Prize awardee, Jean Nouvel. Nouvel has been taking leveraging new technologies and methods to make this other architecture seem impossible to realize. As rendering techniques give people the opportunity to produce complex visual representations, the image begins to represent the architect's ideas, not only of potentiality, but also of reality. That is, the architect's ideas achieve a life of their own as they are represented in ban increasingly real way. At the same time the architect loses the tangibility of pencil and paper, which is replaced by virtual lines in a computer screen. As a result, the render denies the viewer the ability to imagine. It is at this point where the visual loses the potential for interpretation. The viewers no longer see what they wants to see, because what the visual Congestion 314

they are consuming has already been defined by strict interpretational parameters. The render is realistic, but loses sensuousness. Instead, rendered architecture appears idealized and unreal. “Our era, Nouvel believes, is preoccupied with the relationship of light and matter, and how one renders the other invisible. "The paradigm of modern architecture is simplicity and complexity: The more it seems simple, the more it's complex," he explains. "The best engineer a few decades ago was someone who could create the most beautiful beam or structure; today it's to do a structure you cannot see or understand how it's done. It disappears and you can talk only about color, symbols, and light. It's an aesthetic of miracle." (Murdock 2008)2 One of his works in New York City, at the Chelsea District Condominium Tower shows an example of where the design on the representation is different from the reality. The renders show that the curtain wall façade was supposed to have delicate aluminum framing but in the reality is even more visible that the glass and even its true colors were represented differently. The design images give a misleading vision of how the building will work and how it is going to deal with the control of natural light, that is one of Jean Nouvel’s main concerns when he describe his architecture. Nouvel is a model for the starchitect team of our age that is becoming dependent on this method of representation, using it even at the begging of the design process. Digital design for Atelier Jean Nouvel has become a “production amplifier and solution generator”. As Atelier Jean Nouvel tries to induct all of its office collaborators to the Computer Graphics (CG) society, where the employees and the computer become a mechanized production conveyor with lack of sensitivity, the office starts to give off confusing ideas of where the architect ceases to


society, where the employees and the computer become a mechanized production conveyor with lack of sensitivity, the office starts to give off confusing ideas of where the architect ceases to be a designer. Interview with Andrew Hartness of Ateliers Jean Nouvel: CGA: Where do you see the future of architectural rendering and how will new rendering technologies affect the future of AJN or the industry for that matter? More capable machines, more evolved intuitive programs and a higher percentage of 3D users will definitely increase potential render quality, which will enable CG firms and architectural firms—in theory—to increase production rate. (Mottle 2003)3 The architecture firm of Jean Nouvel, as most other architecture firms nowadays, uses the computer device not only as a graphic tool, but also as a production amplifier and solution generator. In particular, Atelier Jean Nouvel is on the cutting edge of leveraging new technologies. For this reason, they are one of the principal perpetrators of a growing overreliance on rendering. The slippery slope of rendering makes it easier for Atelier Jean Nouvel to lose control of reality, not in favor of artistic expression, but of techno-fetishism. Renders are given an artificial look, without showing the identity of the architecture firm. This desire to give impossible shapes a realistic feel, in turn sacrifices the architecture firm’s ability to communicate with the client, since the render becomes the principal method of communication. This manner of work has given the architect important opportunities to evolve his craft. Nouvel was commissioned to design a building for DUMBO's Brooklyn Bridge Park; a quickly-developing site in New York City. This neighborhood is currently one of the city's most expensive

DUMBO This manner of work has given the architect important opportunities to evolve his craft. Nouvel was commissioned to design a building for DUMBO's Brooklyn Bridge Park; a quicklydeveloping site in New York City. This neighborhood is currently one of the city's most expensive places to live, serving as the new SoHo, with abandoned massive warehouses and factories since 1990’s when artists first gentrified the neighborhood. RENDERING “Perhaps a rendering schism is needed – in which a preliminary, slightly idealized design is presented to the client/public, and a more realistic rendering (a practical document that can be used for construction purposes as well) follows suit. Indeed, technology has been created that allows for renderings so real, it is often difficult to distinguish the rendered building from its neighbors; perhaps this technology, which gives clients an honest replica of what to expect, could become the norm (Reidel 25).” (Quirk 2012)1 We do not need to get rid of the use of rendering, but rather to use it in a more detailed way, where it could show not only the idealized spaces, but also the way the building works as a hole; giving the most exhaustive detail that a section plan can give, from how the air conditioner will work, to how the structure of the building will be designed. If the objective is to give a realistic representation, why not use it to its full potential? Rendering's current function of idealizing paradise visions of an architect's uncompleted work is a crutch. Not only is it misleading and dishonest, but it misses the opportunity to transform ideas into actualized reality. 315 Congestion


Go wild. Then go back.

Congestion 316

Marissa Nava Portfolio- ADD GSAPP'14  

Architecture Portfolio