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Design_Objective: We look into the concept of multi-scale material system that can arrange themselves from the microscopic organizational scales by embedding its geometrical and temporal performance up to the territorial operational scales in which every decision taken in the smaller operational scales informs its behavior. The design proposal that is being implemented adapts itself to the surrounding environment by changing its physical state as it comes in contact with the metamorphic forces of water. By interacting with the tidal changes, the system is able to regulate the movement and speed of the water as well as the sediment deposition. The system is able to archive so through the permeability and porosity of the structure generating controlled water conditions. Depending on these variable conditions the system changes its physical state according to the environmental forces that are present in a given moment and location. With this the research proposes a change on the paradigm on which the human being adapts the environment to better cater his needs but with this disrupting the environment in which he situates its settlements, by stablishing a project that utilizes local forces and materials to its advantage without breaking the local ecosystem interaction. To do so the design researches into the use of material that comes from within the site and with time transforms back into the landscape from which it was extracted in that way breaking the way we currently built by moving materials from one location into another.


CONTENTS:

PAGES:

CONTENT A: References

6 - 53

CONTENT B: Site and Floodings Mapping

56-67

CONTENT C: Constituents and Aggregation Process

70 - 93

CONTENT D: Logical Constraint in Assembly

96 - 133

CONTENT E: The Bahviour of Constituent

136 - 149

CONTENT F: Material Research

152 - 193

CONTENT G: Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

196 - 297


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

References

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CONTENT A References

References Investigating the current problem of tidal and fluctuation from environmental forces and the existing solution that has been solved

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References

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References

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References In recent years we have seen how global warming has changed the intensity of climate. It has been demonstrated that climatic events like hurricanes have intensified and increased in occurrence over the years. 14


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

In this way, our relationship with water has changed. The way we design cities is in odds with the force of the water and our current cities haven’t been able to adapt to the changes on climate and to the catastrophic effects of it. 15


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

References

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Aerial pictures of the metropolitan area of Huston after having been hit by hurricane Harvey.

References 17


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References But the movement of water also has predictable effects like is the case of the tides. This phenomenon sees the rise and fall of the sea levels in a highly predictable way.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

In some places around the world the effect is cyclical as the sea level rises and falls every 6 hours. In the world the place where this phenomenon is more pronounce is in the Bay of Fundy in Canada.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References The frequency of the tides in the Bay of Fundy creates a change of the landscape and the build environment with the cyclical advance and retreat of the water.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

In the coastline of the Bay of Fundy the tidal changes can be up to 16 meters between the high and low tides, causing the entire landscape to change for a matter of hours. But as can be seen the infrastructure does not adapt to the changes.





















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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References This recurrent phenomenon affects the landscape not only temporally but also leaving a permanent mark as the subtractive forces of water come into contract with the rock formations creating silhouettes that are a result of this interaction.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

The landscape after the tides retreat show how the cyclical forces of water remove material where they are in constant contact with the rocks. 23


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References

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

Sedimentary rocks are the result of layers of sediments that harden after years of pressure, in time these rocks succumb to the forces of erosion and reveal the layers of material deposited over the years.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

References

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

But water also shapes landscapes that are far from the coastline. In some areas of the world where there are soft rock formation precipitation erodes these landscapes to created distinctive rock patterns. 27


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References In Cappadocia, Turkey the combination of anthropological and erosive forces has created a landscape that has been inhabited by humans for hundreds of years.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

Architectural drawings of the settlements in Cappadocia.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References In some cultures, water has had an influential relationship. As it can be observed in places like the floating markets in Bangkok, Thailand were all kinds of interactions happen on top of the water.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

And where water becomes the main source of transport for goods and people. In this culture the people have adapted their way of living to the water dynamics. 31


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References The totora is a local plant that can be use to create the floating islands on top of which the community lives. It also is the main material use to construct their houses and boat without disrupting the local ecosystem.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

Close up of the totora plant as it lays on the floor of the floating islands.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References In the Luoyuan Bay in China, entire floating villages have developed over the years encourage by the economic incentives given to the aquaculture industry of the area.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

But the villages and the economic activities that its inhabitants perform have polluted the water and disrupted the ecosystem. 35


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References

Aerial view of the houses and aquaculture farms in Luoyuan Bay.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

Close up of the aquaculture farms.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References In our references research we also look into different infrastructure project like the D-day Mulberry harbors that were design to be prefabricated and them assemble on site in France.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

To be able to archive so different components were designed. Bellow a diagram of one of the Mulberry harbors in Arromanches, Normandy.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References 40

The Phoenix Units were concrete structure that could float to be easily transportable but once they have reached their final destination, they had the capability to be partially sunken to be able to work as water breakers. In the other hand, the Beetles Units were made out of metal and had the task to support floatable piers, these units were meant to stay always afloat.


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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References We also look into the design of safe boats. Especially important for our research was their ability to always float in a pre-determined way.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

This is archive through weight distribution and the design of the bottom of the boat that give the boat its buoyant properties.

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References

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We also researched into the design of Tetrapods. The Tetrapod is an engineering solution for coast erosion mitigating the strength of water with friction. And it is also with friction that the pieces retain the shape of the whole system.

References

The design of the Tetrapods harvests the friction between the pieces to decrease the movement of the pieces when they are being hit by the waves or tidal chages.

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References

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References

Finally, we analyzed the design of the caisson as a technology that is utilized for land reclamation on infrastructural projects. But the implementation of such technology disrupts the local environment and creates a large demand of sand that has to be imported into the construction site. 47


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Detailed drawing of a traditional caisson.

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Detailed drawing of a caisson that has be design to dissuade the forces of the upcoming waves.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory References Caissons floating towards the construction site. Once they reach their final destination they are going to be flooded and filled with sand.

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Sand after the land reclamation process has taken place.

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References

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Caissons after they have been placed holding the ocean water facilitating the process of land reclamation.

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Site and Floodings Mapping

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Site and Floodings Mapping The site context information in Bay of Fundy, Cannada with environmental information and predictable floodings information

Site and Floodings Mapping

CONTENT B

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In this section will explain the understanding about tial situation that not only impact to the environmental change, rather impact to all diversities in tidal current zone. The periods of tidal expansion will generate the different change in experience and activity. The site that we are selection for our case study is in Bay of Fundy, Canada. It is the site that have the highest tidal range in the world that could change the activity during the day time from dry land to wet land.


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Site and Floodings Mapping

High Tide Flooding Sequences of Bay of Fundy Flooding in approximate distance on flooding expansion. Total tidal distance is 28 kilometres, starting from 2 kilometres to 28 kilometres. Wide channel of a Bay is connected with narrow canals that have the potential to get floods in this area as the graphic are shown.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Site and Floodings Mapping Tidal rising scenarios_Simulation_5000_input The simulation of tidal system in Bay of Fundy has been clarify into 4 different layers. The simulation run in the same input of water dept to understand flow direction from sea-level to high-land area. Furthermore, to study the flow of sediment in a bay and land. The simulation on site with different layers of information (Water dept, Erosion, Sediment and Flow Velosity). By simulating the same input of water to see the change from orginately state to flooding situation. This study this clalify the position toward the design for positioning the design proposal into the site to suite the context and environmental.

Tidal rising scenarios_Simulation The simulation of tidal system in Bay of Fundy has been clarify into 4 different layers. The simulation run in the same input of water dept to understand flow direction from sea-level to high-land area. Furthermore, to study the flow of sediment in a bay and land.

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Multiple Scales in Mapping Analysis

This section will discuss cross scale mapping from 500 km to 1km to see how the information has changed. Moreoever, to illustrate the hydrological networks that are connected with the ocean, which would be impact from the tidal range.


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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Bay of Fundy_500KM_Scale_Mapping Topography/Contour

Site and Floodings Mapping

MAP LAYERS

An example of the site that has the logest tidal range in Bay of Fundy. On this map illustrate how this site surrounded by mountain topographic act as the boundary for the bay. The tidal range could start from off-shore to inner land, and the dept of the water will change through time in a day.

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Bay of Fundy_500KM_Scale_Mapping

Site and Floodings Mapping

There are five type of sedimentation in the area. This analysis would to control sediment runoff from the high land to the ocean that could effect to the water condition and marine life.

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Topography/Contour

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Bay of Fundy_50KM_Scale_Mapping


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Bay of Fundy_50KM_Scale_Mapping

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Topography/Contour

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Bay of Fundy_1KM_Scale_Mapping


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Bay of Fundy_50KM_Scale_Mapping Bay of Fundy_1KM_Scale_Mapping

Site and Floodings Mapping 67


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Contituents and Aggregation Process

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Constituents and Aggregation Process To understand the basic combinatorics system with multi-scale of constituents which can be self-assembled according to the context.

Contituents and Aggregation Process

CONTENT C

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Contituents and Aggregation Process The concept of Fractal grometry to understanding their aggregation kinetics and physical properties. The fractalsysem are building single geotry to larger operation of form. The composition can be self-organizing into different orientation nd angles.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Contituents and Aggregation Process The Large composition that displayed a progression of never-ending, self-similar, meandering detail from small operation to larger operation scales. The position of large scale can be changed thier orientation with dynamics system of changing as a loop.

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State 1

Contituents and Aggregation Process The study of salt agglomeration system with diffrent directionality according to the porosity of the physical structure. A study on the macro scale of salt shape which can be self-forming in the negative space with physical interation with material such as concrete, wood and cement.

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State 2


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State 4 State 3

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State 5

State 6

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State 2

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State 1


State 7

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Contituents and Aggregation Process

State 4

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State 3

The sand agglomeration process from state 1 to state 8 by building up itself from embedded sand to physical sand form. As well as the large sand form can changed to small units by decomposition process.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Contituents and Aggregation Process 76

Sand Layers in Different Operations

The acknowlegde from this study is to understand how small units of sand interact with the larger units in other level operations. Layers of sand in different scale from small units of sand embedding under the larger units. Hierarchical operations creates the different form and density.


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Contituents and Aggregation Process 77


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Contituents and Aggregation Process

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On this section will talk about the density and directionality in term of aggregation. The basic contituent will begin with low density and how the structure will generate more density into different forms.

Contituents and Aggregation Process

The Study on Directionality and Permeability of the Constituents

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

A1_3 Constituents

A1_6 Constituents

A1_10 Constituents

Contituents and Aggregation Process The density of this constituent consists of three pieces. The objective of this function and behavior is to decrease the acceleration of fluid with low density of filaments.

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This type of constituent indicates a minor change in density and behavior from A1. The purpose is to increase the density with the minor change to see how it reacts with the fluid.

In A3, where the filament is three times denser than A1, it generates a unique form that includes 10 constituents within itself. The objective of the design solution in A3 is to enable direct control of wave energy, which in turn is able to split the water force into two directions.


A4 and A5 are comparable in terms of behaviour and density, where the behaviour of both is to increase the velocity from water forces to expand sedimentation flow.

A5 contains 15 constituents with filament and 3 solid constituents. The aim is to expand the sedimentation into multiple direction by interacting with all filaments inside and outside.

A1_15 Constituents + 10 Solids

Contituents and Aggregation Process

A1_15 Constituents + 3 Solids

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

A1_15 Constituents

The final state (A6) has a full density of 15 constituents and 10 substantial parts. The design objective for the final state (A6) is to formulate the landform by generating the catchment and trapping sediment.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Contituents and Aggregation Process 82

Compositiom_1 Integration Combinatory

Compositiom_2 Horizontal Combinatory

Compositiom_3 Horizontal Combinatory


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Combinatorics Composition

Contituents and Aggregation Process

The combinatorics form from 5 diffreent composition that agglomerated from small unit of structure to larger composition. To study on hierarchical operations to see how it corperates with multiple functions of space that can adapt to the environmental context.

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Anchor Operation Systems

In the small scale to large scale of geometry representing single geometry of basic shape which can be assebly in logical ways in different angles. The simplicity of geometry with various angles that have the potential to be assembled.

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The diagram below illustrate theDesign of constituents and the process of aggregation. Each contituents generates similar shapes different programmatic goall for example, sinkable and floatable platform and transport liquids.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Contituents Detail Systems

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ELEVATION AXONOMETRIC FLOOR PLAN


After that the anchors not only growing in the vertical, but also spreading out horizontal way with logical assemblage.

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The distribution of the small scale anchors growing from buttom level to joint with the top level operation which can be in vertical form or horizontal form.

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Due to the hierarchical assembly logic, the compatibility allows different scale of anchors to joint together. When more than 4 types of combitory will allow to develop the multi-function and behaviour of forms when a large component are agglomerated.

Contituents and Aggregation Process

A1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The investigation started from studying the combinatorics from the anchors operation system. First with the vertical growth from small units to larger units.

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Contituents and Aggregation Process

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The anchors are developing by the multi-scale of sand material that generated into hierarchical operation system. The differentiation of combinatory contain multi-function of behaviour to allowed the geometry to grow in to many different directions.

Contituents and Aggregation Process

The 15 possible combinatorics geometry that can be assembled in different direction and generated diffrent density of solid and porosity.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Large Composition with different density and scale A Large composition are also embedding from the material scale that build-up to the larger units with multi-behaviour and function.

Contituents and Aggregation Process

Operational Scales System Hierarchical Operation with multi-scale system from embeded material to large scale operation. The design using the concept of cross-design that linked cooperatively with one another. The differentiation of combinatory contain multi-function of behaviour that allowed to integrate in the larger composition with controllable position.

Combinatorics of Sand form to Anchors

A logic of combinatorics that use the method of density and permeability to change the form.

Sand Form Sand form that agglomerated in the different forms that depends on the context and environmental forces.

Sand Material Embeded material which have the potential of self-organisation to grow to the larger composition.

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Logical Constraint in Assembly

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Logical Constraint in Assembly To observed the possibility of rotation and assembled in different composition according to the vertical and hortizontal distribution.

Logical Constraint in Assembly

CONTENT D

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Logical Assemble Logical Constraint in Assembly 96

After understanding the development of constituents into one single piece as the process of growth. The design solution will provide elements with permeability, and will include a floatable and sinkable platform that is able to control the wave energy that will be considered in different form and density. In this chapter will show different form with the logical constraint assembly that possible to be assembled into multiple functions.


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Logical Constraint in Assembly

Assembly Form_Type_1_Small Ship 98


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Assembly Form_Type_2_Shipping Port

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Assembly Form_Type_2_Shipping Port 100


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Logical Constraint in Assembly Assembly Form_Type_2_Shipping Port

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The 3D-print material with the magnetic function which can observed the behaviour of assembly in the fluid and non-fluid.

Logical Constraint in Assembly

The oberservation with 3D-print Material to see how it agglomerates

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The behaviour of contituents that started from the state one under the water by testing with 3D-print pieces as a solid model.

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Logical Constraint in Assembly

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The testing behaviour of constituents pieces in the water by using magnets to generate the platform of floatable and sinkable pieces. The constituents enable to generate vertical composition as well as floatble structure will generate horizontal composition platform.

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Original State Position The original state are positioning under the water that can be assembled with various angles as a simple geometry.

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The final state of combinatorics started to agglomerate from small scale to the larger unit of geometry from vertical expansion to horizontal expansion above the water level.

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Assembled Form

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The study on the combinatorial of 3D-print material allow the design to investigate possible form in larger composition. By using similar geometry to agglomerate in vertical dept from small pieces to larger pieces. To see how the pieces support each pieces to build-up form in logical and controllable way.

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3D-Print Combinatorial_1

Logical Constraint in Assembly We can manage system’s complex organization, behaviour, form and pattern through the concepts of self-organization into different assemblages based on environmental forces and conditions.

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3D-Print Combinatorial_2

Logical Constraint in Assembly

This logic is derived from research on the assembly and disassembly moment, which adapts to different environments through the evolution of unique in material of sand. The different forms are performing distinctively.

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Logical Constraint in Assembly

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3D-Print Combinatorial_5

Logical Constraint in Assembly The basic elements can be assembled into larger units for creating a different function. This image shows when all elements are assembled together and creates multiple function that support as one element.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Contituents and Aggregation Process_Digital Modelling From the 3D-print material testing of agglomeration process and its behaviour allow to design in digital modelling by the order of constituent growth from single pieces to the larger geometry. The clarity of sizes are creating the differentiation of pattern due to the dynamic of spaces.

Logical Constraint in Assembly

Aggregation Process_1_Axonometric view

Aggregation Process_1_Elevation

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Aggregation Process_1_Top View

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Aggregation Process_2_Axonometric

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Aggregation Process_2_Top View

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Aggregation Process_3_Top View


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Multi-Components of aggregation with cross-scale system that should have the ability to adapt with the environment forces. The complexity of geometry can changed over time due to the context.

Logical Constraint in Assembly

Aggregation Process_2_Top View

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Aggregation Process_3_Elevation


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Logical Constraint in Assembly

Aggregation Process_2_Side View

The process fo Aggregation could be expanded into vertical and horizontal form due to the suitable contextual environment. The contituents are freeform structure that generate degree of freedom in rotation. When the contituents are aggregated into high density platform, the structures seems to be the obstrucle for the hydrological flow, but it contains permeability in itself to allow the fluid flow betweend the contituents.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Logical Constraint in Assembly Large Assembly Form_Caisson_1 The possible assembly form that could support to the environment and shipping activity in the area. The scale of this structure are supported large cargo ship and pusher boat. which organaized into multiples programs. As some area could be the stroage, prevention from wave energy, and marine life habitat.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Large Assembly Form_Caisson_1_Side view Logical Constraint in Assembly 126

The assembly form design objective for supporting different size of cargos and ships. By this we are using different scales of contituents to allow the structure to be non-static. The constituents can create different transformations in degree of freedom and flexibility. The density is a compact element that attempts to focus on static structure, with a degree of inherent porosity to allow the living organism to habituate within a particular space


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Logical Constraint in Assembly 127


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Large Assembly Form_Caisson_1_Top view Logical Constraint in Assembly 128

The top view visualises on how the structure supporting the existing elements such as ship and canes. However, this assemblage form is not the static element, although it could expand widely into openwater or anchored in the bottom of the ocean for supporting from the elevation between the structures.


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Large Assembly Form_with Topograhy_1_Side view Logical Constraint in Assembly

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Logical Constraint in Assembly

Large Assembly Form_with Topograhy_1_Side view

133


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The Bahviour of Constituent

134


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The Bahviour of Constituent The Simulation of environmental force to see behaviour of rotation and how the constituents are agglomerating.

The Bahviour of Constituent

CONTENT E

135


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Basic Constituent Behaviour

Object_Oriented_Simulation_1 The structure contains permeability part and solid part. The fluid generating mass to porous structure to enable for half under water and half above water.

Object_Oriented_Simulation_2 The middle part of the structure are high permeability to allow the structure rotated in the horizontal direction.

Object_Oriented_Simulation_3 The middle part of the structure are high permeabilit, but this is different from simulation 2 in term directionality and floatble.

The Bahviour of Constituent

The feedback from digital simulation shows the different behaviours depending on their mass and porosity in the structures. The reaction between wave and constituents creates the unique rotations. The solid and peameability parts of structure generates balance in between floatable and sinkable position. Object_Oriented_Simulation_4 This simulation is quiet similar to the simulatio number 1 as it sinked in the same direction, although the structure almost completely sink.

Object_Oriented_Simulation_5 The solid piece that can be floatble above the water level with low permeability which couldn’t allow the water gaining the mass.

Object_Oriented_Simulation_6 The orientation on this structure has significant behaviour which can rotate faster than other pieces because of the mass on peameability part are more substantial.

136


Behaviour : Floatable Rotation: Horizontal 45 Degree Material Type: Solid and Permeability

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Behaviour : Sinkable Rotation: 90 Degree Material Type: Solid and Permeability

Behaviour : Sinkable Rotation: 90 Degree Material Type: Solid and Permeability

The Bahviour of Constituent

Behaviour : Sinkable Rotation: 85 Degree Material Type: Solid and Permeability

Behaviour : Floatable Rotation: Horizontal 90 Degree Material Type: Solid Only

Behaviour : Sinkable and Floatble Rotation: Horizontal 180 Degree Material Type: Solid and Permeability

137


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory The Bahviour of Constituent 138

Object_Oriented_Simulation_3 The middle part of the structure are high permeabilit, but this is different from simulation 2 in term directionality and floatble.

Behaviour : Sinkable Rotation: 90 Degree Material Type: Solid and Permeability


The orientation on this structure has significant behaviour which can rotate faster than other pieces because of the mass on peameability part are more substantial.

Behaviour : Sinkable and Floatble Rotation: Horizontal 180 Degree Material Type: Solid and Permeability

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Object_Oriented_Simulation_6

The Bahviour of Constituent 139


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Constituent with Environmental Force

R_2

R_3

R_4

R_5

R_6

The Bahviour of Constituent

The study on how the single piece of constituent R_1 will rotate by the external force such as wave in the certain angles of rotation. For the result of larger scale will learn from this behaviour and allowed to use the logic of changing environment.

140


E_2

E_3

Physical_Simulation

From the observing the behaviour of single piece are bringing to physical test of larger composition on how the city can be agglomerate by the environment force. The result from the started as the pieces are agglomerated but when the wave started to intefere with the structure, the pieces started to expand away and created the cluster.

E_5

E_6

E_7

E_8

E_9

E_10

E_11

E_12

The Bahviour of Constituent

E_4

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

E_1

141


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The Tramsition of Environmental Changes

Physical Simulation of how the forces of wave can change the agglomeration platform to disassembled. On the study it shows that on the low tide platform the structure became assembled in the certain area when the high tide is happened the pieces became distributed.

The Bahviour of Constituent E_1

142


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory The Bahviour of Constituent

E_12

143


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

70%_Simulation_Changing of State State_2

State_3

State_4

State_9

State_10

State_11

State_12

State_17

State_18

State_19

State_20

The Bahviour of Constituent

State_1

The Simulation illustrates the behaviour of structures that can change the state by interacting with water force. As the figures shows from state 1 to state 24, when the structure of 70% density started to infuence with water energy, its started to enlarge into another state. The transformation also effect to the change of water direction and turbulence. As an example in state 15 and 24, it shows that the water turbulence had changed from high velocity to low velocity in state 24, because in state 18 has more spaces to allow the fluid passed through.

144


State_6

State_7

State_8

State_13

State_14

State_15

State_16

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

State_5

The Bahviour of Constituent

State_21

State_22

State_23

State_24

145


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The Bahviour of Constituent

146

State_12 State_10 State_3


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory The Bahviour of Constituent

State_24 State_18 State_14

147


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The Bahviour of Constituent

State_14

148


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory The Bahviour of Constituent

State_24

149


CONTENT F

Material Research The material research dealt into the introduction of the basic constituent in our multi-scale system. By introducing the grain of sand into the research we started to grasp the importance of the interaction of the materials with the forces of water.


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

152


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 153


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Aquarium Gravel

Coarse sand grain High porosity Low friction between grains

Dry side view

Wet side view

Dry top view

Wet top view

Dry side view

Wet side view

Dry top view

Wet top view

Dry side view

Wet side view

Dry top view

Wet top view

Black Fine Aquarium Gravel

Fine sand grain Medium porosity Medium friction between grains

Material Research

Brown Terrarium Sand

Fine sand grain Low porosity High friction between grains

154


Dry side view

Wet side view

Dry top view

Wet top view

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

White Fine Filter Sand

Fine sand grain Low porosity High friction between grains

White Filter Sand

Medium sand grain Medium porosity Medium friction between grains

Wet side view

Dry top view

Wet top view

Material Research

Dry side view

Small White Gravel

Coarse sand grain High porosity Low friction between grains

Dry side view

Wet side view

Dry top view

Wet top view

155


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research Basic Constituent Research The material research started by looking into different grains of sand. Which based on their granularity behave in different ways when in contact with water.

156


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

The initial analysis focus on the behavior of layers sand when force is applied to it. Then the gradually water was poured into the grains of sand to see their movement and water absorption.

157


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

158


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

Layer of sand in strata-like manner showing how when in contact with water the finer sand grain layers compact while lager grains allow a larger amount of water in between them.

159


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research Embedment of sand into layer constituents This sequence of images shows the behavior of the larger constituent pieces when the grains of sand are embedded within it.

160


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

As soon as the piece comes in contact with water the sand particles reacts to it and start to fall from the lager constituents generating a new layer of sand in the top.

161


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Materials: Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix

Materials: Sharp Sand and Plaster mix

Materials: Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix

Material Research

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix

162


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix Small White Gravel PLA (3D Printed peices)

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix

Materials: White Filter Sand Black Fine Aquarium Gravel White Filter Sand and Plaster mix White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix

Material Research

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix White Filter Sand Portland Cement PLA (3D Printed Peices)

163


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research The research moved into the creation of models that were made using sand in combination with other materials to make them more resilient to the substantive forces of water but without complete canceling their metamorphic capabilities.

164


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

This part of the research stated by combining a specific grain of sand with plaster which functions as a binder component. Later different types of sand mixtures where combined to recreate the strata-like layers of sand.

165


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 166

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Portland Cement Aquarium Gravel PLA (3D Printed peices)

Materials: Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix Black Fine Aquarium Gravel Small White Gravel Portland Cement

Materials: Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix Sharp Sand and Plaster mix

Materials: Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix White Filter Sand and Plaster mix White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix White Filter Sand Sharp Sand


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix

Materials: Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix Sharp Sand and Plaster mix

Materials: Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix Sharp Sand

Material Research

Materials: Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix Sharp Sand and Plaster mix White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix

167


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research When in contact with water the different sand mixtures would erode in different rates leaving behind porous structures that can be use for inhabitation.

168


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

Therefore, the models that were created later stated to have smaller imbedded pieces with different sand mixtures creating shaper edges between the materials so future more geometrical spaces could result of the subtraction process. 169


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research The image shows the progression of the subtractive process when the basic sand constituent disassociates from their pre-stablished larger constituent shape into different grains of sand.

170


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

The picture below shows a multi-layer constituent underwater. As subtractive forces take place some of the sand particles detach from the piece but as it is composed of different material it is able to maintain its shape for longer. 171


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 172

Materials: Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix Portland Cement Aquarium Gravel and Plaste Mix Black Fine Aquarium Gravel

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix Brown Terrarium Sand Portland Cement

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Protland Cement Sharp Sand

Materials: Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix White Filter Sand and Plaster mix Sharp Sand and Plaster mix Black Fine Aquarium Gravel and Plaster mix Sharp Sand PLA (3D Printed Peices)


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Materials: White Filter Sand and Plaster mix PLA (3D Printed peices)

Materials: Brown Terrarium Sand and Plaster mix PLA (3D Printed peices)

Materials: White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix PLA (3D Printed peices)

Material Research

Materials: White, Black and Brown Sand and Plaster mix Sharp Sand and Plaster mix PLA (3D Printed peices)

173


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

174


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

Finally, thinking on the different behaviors that the constituent could have PLA 3D printed parts where embedded on the pieces to help with the weight distribution and the ability of the piece to float and behave when in contact with water. 175


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

176


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research Different combinations can be archived with the constituents to create, in turn, larger constituents.

177


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

178

Material_Physical Model_Overall Elements


Material_Physical Model_Combinatoric 1_Side view

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 179


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

180

Material_Physical Model_Combinatoric 1_Top view


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 181


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

182

Material_Physical Model_Combinatoric 2_Side view


Material_Physical Model_Combinatoric 2_Top view

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 183


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

184


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 185


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research The sequence of images shows how a composition of constituents created with different sand mixtures behaves when it comes in contact with water.

186


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

In it some of the pieces quickly separate into the sand particles while others are more resilient to the changes that come from the subtractive forces of water.

187


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research The images show the behavior of one of the pieces as it gets thrown into the water. Due to weight distribution and the buoyancy that the 3D printed components add the piece always finds its way to float on the same direction.

188


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

In this way with the embedded components a specific behavior can be programed into the constituent.

189


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research Furthermore, different behaviors can be programed into the constituents. In the series of pictures below, it can be observed how a constituent changes it state as one half of the piece has been programmed to float and the other half to sink.

190


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research

A separation of the two sides occur as a mixture of sand and binder in the inside of the piece dissolves when it comes in contact with water.

191


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Material Research

192


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Material Research 193


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

194


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation From the simple simulation to observe the interaction between object and the envrionmental forces that bring to the large territorial design.

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

CONTENT G

195


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

196


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 197


A3_10_Constituents

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Digital Simulation_10_Contituents & 15 Constituents

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 198

It generates a unique form that includes 10 constituents within itself. The objective of the design solution in A3 is to enable direct control of wave energy, which in turn is able to split the water force into two directions. A4 and A5 are comparable in terms of behaviour and density, where the behaviour of both is to increase the velocity from water forces to expand sedimentation flow

A4_15_Constituents


A5_15_Constituents + 5 Solids

A6_15_Constituents + 10 Solids

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The final state (A6) has a full density of 15 constituents and 10 substantial parts. The design objective for the final state (A6) is to formulate the landform by generating the catchment and trapping sediment. From the observed with digital simulation we found out that by adding solids into structure could give more control with the wave directions and also keeping the peamibility inside the structure for accerelelating the external forces.

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

Digital Simulation_15_Contituents + 5 Solids & 15 Constituents + 10 Solids

199


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation Physical Simulation_1_Sedementation flow On first physical experimental we started to test how the form and shape can create feedback differently. The result of first position of basic shape could generate sedementation pattern into two direction, one can direct fluid into two directions, but with the short range, another one is longer range.

200


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

Physical Simulation_2_Sedementation flow

201


State_1_Physical Simulation

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

202

The Interaction between Fluid and Structure


State_1_Physical Simulation

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The Interaction between Fluid and Structure

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 203


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 204

Digital Simulation_Fluid Force with different scenarios In the processes of water movement in the same range, but with a different number of constituents. Moreover, digital simulations are provided for five different scenarios, alongside their topography to visualise dynamic flow in the tangible manner.

Scenario_1

6 constituents 40 degree angles Contribute the wave into 4 directions.

Scenario_2

12 constituents Controlled direct to unable the fluid to flow toward.

Scenario_3

87 constituents The lower the fluid velocity before flowing into the process of catchment.

Scenario_4

132 constituents + 32 Solids Expanding the sediment by higher accerelation to build up land form.

Scenario_5

177 constituents + 40 Solids The process of fomulating land form


In the next step, by using feedback from the design solution, similar to how we tested using digital simulations, we will apply a more extensive operational system, or urban scale, to bring the diversity of marine life habitats in the sea from understand the fluid dynamic in each scenarios first. As figures show from scenario 1 to scenario 5 it generates different level of velocity from first state to final state.

Scenario_1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Sequences of Digital Simulation

Scenario_2

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

Scenario_3

Scenario_4

Scenario_5

205


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

State_2_Physical_Simulation 1. Original State

2. 4 hours

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 3. 8 hours

The physical simulation integrated with sand layers to see how it changes over time from original state to 8 hours by using the simple combinatory with the water force. As a result the sand layer from the buttom level has been integrated to the top level, and the pattern are shaping by position and form of structures

206


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 207


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 208

Digital Simulation_Scenario 1 The sequences of change from state 1 to state 11 has revealed the changed of water dynamic. In the first scenario (Scenario 1), the objective is to decrease water acceleration, with the structure submerged under water at a 40 degree angle, which enables splitting a wave into four directions.

Digital Simulation_State1

Digital Simulation_State2

Digital Simulation_State3

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State5

Digital Simulation_State6

Digital Simulation_State7

Digital Simulation_State8

Digital Simulation_State9

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State10

Digital Simulation_State11


Digital Simulation_State11 Digital Simulation_State6 Digital Simulation_State1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 209


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 210

Digital Simulation_Scenario 3 In the third scenario, the objective is to lower the water velocity before it flows into the catchment process, and to filter sedimentation. In the fourth scenario, the objective is to expand the sedimentation along the two sides of constituents by increasing the velocity of the water energy.

Digital Simulation_State1

Digital Simulation_State2

Digital Simulation_State7

Digital Simulation_State8

Digital Simulation_State3

Digital Simulation_State9

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State5

Digital Simulation_State6

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State10

Digital Simulation_State11


Digital Simulation_State11 Digital Simulation_State6 Digital Simulation_State1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 211


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 212

Digital Simulation_Scenario 5 In the final scenario, following the process of water acceleration, deceleration, and the catchment of sedimentation, the landform will be formulated by sediment via broad and rapid dispersal. The final state had a very high density of constituents positioned on the terrain; however, water flow still circulated efficiently, due to the porosity of structures.

Digital Simulation_State1

Digital Simulation_State2

Digital Simulation_State7

Digital Simulation_State8

Digital Simulation_State3

Digital Simulation_State9

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State5

Digital Simulation_State6

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State10

Digital Simulation_State11


Digital Simulation_State11 Digital Simulation_State6 Digital Simulation_State1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 213


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

214

Digital Simulation_State6


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Digital Simulation_State11

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 215


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

State_3_Physical_Simulation 1. Original State

2. 4 hours

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 3. 8 hours

The physical simulation integrated with sand layers to see how it changes over time from original state to 8 hours by using the simple combinatory with the water force. As a result the sand generated the straigth pattern backward the structure because of the narrow input that allowed more controllable.

216


3. 8 hours

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 217


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Flow Investigating with Thermal Graphic State3_Thermal_Test 1

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

T_1

T_2

T_3

T_4

T_5

T_6

T_7

T_8

The observation between fluid and structures by using thermal camera to see how the fluid react against the structure. The first test we found out that the fluid starting to interact in the gap between the structues, and expanded to one directional after the structure.

218


T_2

T_3

T_4

T_5

T_6

T_7

T_8

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

T_1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

State4_Thermal_Test 1

The second composition of this testing, we found out that the behaviour of fluid was different from the first test. The fluid was expanded into 2 directions afterward the structures.

219


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 220

Simulation_Flow_With_Landscape

When the fluid interact with the landscape it create the different flow direction according to the comtext as well as decreased the speed of water by the dept.


After investigated the direction of flow on the terrain, then we started to observe when the structures are placed against the flow how it could change the speed and direction as we designed.

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Simulation_Flow_With_Landscape

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 221


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 222

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation The previous chapter implemented the design position by using a physical experiment that allowed for distinguishing the possible density and position for the subsequent step. We will now describe organisation, performance, and growth of an architectural and urban scale. Observing differentiation of form with the same amount of constituents enables us to contribute information about different forms and functions.


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 223


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 224

Organisation, performance and growth The development of constituents. The methodology process from compact density to extended parts; 90% density to 30% density. The research will discuss how the basic elements can be assembled into larger units for creating a different function. According to Figure, the process of growth from 90% density to 30% of design contributed is the logic of something that can be compact, but able to spread freely as the new form.

Density_90%_19600 Contituents 1:200

Density_70%_15000 Contituents 1:200


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Density_30%_5000 Contituents 1:200 Density_50%_9300 Contituents 1:200

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 225


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

226

Density_90%_19600 Contituents


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Density_70%_15000 Contituents

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 227


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 228

Digital Simulation_90% Density The process of growth from 90% density to 30% of design contributed is the logic of something that can be compact, but able to spread freely as the new form from the external interaction. The first state of 90% density is a compact element that attempts to focus on static structure, with a degree of inherent porosity to allow the living organism to habituate within a particular space. However, it is not efficient in terms of blocking wave energy for aquacultural farming.

Digital Simulation_State1

Digital Simulation_State2

Digital Simulation_State7

Digital Simulation_State8

Digital Simulation_State3

Digital Simulation_State9

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State5

Digital Simulation_State6

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State10

Digital Simulation_State11


Digital Simulation_State11 Digital Simulation_State6 Digital Simulation_State1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 229


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 230

Digital Simulation_70% Density At the 70% density, the structure can contribute to constituents outside the boundary, and increase the functionality and capacity of spaces. The design objective at 70% density structure has a significant influence on water energy, which can reduce and guide the speed of the water. Furthermore, 70% density will be positioned as protection and a water breaker for fish supplies.

Digital Simulation_State1

Digital Simulation_State2

Digital Simulation_State7

Digital Simulation_State8

Digital Simulation_State3

Digital Simulation_State9

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State5

Digital Simulation_State6

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State10

Digital Simulation_State11


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Digital Simulation_State11 Digital Simulation_State6 Digital Simulation_State1

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 231


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

232

Density_50%_9300 Contituents


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Density_30%_5000 Contituents

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 233


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 234

Digital Simulation_50% Density 50% density state, the elements begin to contribute in the form of a non-linear platform. Expansion has been un-uniformed into vertical and horizontal directions to create a marine habitat that can be submerged under ocean water.

Digital Simulation_State1

Digital Simulation_State2

Digital Simulation_State7

Digital Simulation_State8

Digital Simulation_State3

Digital Simulation_State9

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State5

Digital Simulation_State6

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State10

Digital Simulation_State11


Digital Simulation_State11 Digital Simulation_State6 Digital Simulation_State1

Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 235


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 236

Digital Simulation_30% Density In the final process at 30% density distribution, when all the constituents have expanded into a larger composition, additional programs and functions are also generated, such as wave prevention and increased marine habitats. This transformation appeared as a unique shape with multiple functions, such as control of the distribution of contaminated sediment, and a living habitat for small-to-large fish species.

Digital Simulation_State1

Digital Simulation_State2

Digital Simulation_State7

Digital Simulation_State8

Digital Simulation_State3

Digital Simulation_State9

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State5

Digital Simulation_State6

Digital Simulation_State4

Digital Simulation_State10

Digital Simulation_State11


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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 237


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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 238

The evolutionary processes within the urban scale also proposes correlation logic and strategy, as in the processes of evolutionary architecture. The process of change from 90% to 30% structures could adapt with environmental forces and assembled into the tangible forms.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

When the structures has transformed, the behaviour of each structure will also change the performace. The uniqueness of the behaviour would interact with the fluid differently as benefit to the coastal when it assembled into larger composition. The feedback from the digital simulation would take to another step of design decision for building Tidal Wharf.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation Simulation_Adaptation with tidal current_Scene 1 This experimental in digital simulation are observiing the behavioir of constituent with tidal current. To see how the structure change from high tide situation to the loop back wave.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation Simulation_Adaptation with tidal current_Scene 2

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When the wave current was flow back to the structure, all the constituents were slow down the movement and somes are changing the directiom and form.


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 243


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation Simulation_Adaptation with multiple waves_Scene 1 In this simulation, we are trying to observe the demaged from wave in 3 directions. The first state the wave energy impact to the center of the structure and created the movement in the center with less permeability of water.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 245


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation Simulation_Adaptation with multiple waves_Scene 2 As a result from this simulation, it creates high velocity in the center of the structure. The water direction is flowing above the structure.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 247


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory The Methadology from large operation to detail system

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 248

As each caissons design are giving the programs high density as storage goods and connection of transportation with multiple constituents. This system allow to transport goods or liquids by assemble them into higher quantity that would give multiple functions.


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

The Methadology from large operation to detail system The methadology of contituents with transportation system allow to create different programs by the logic of assemble from low density to high density. Higher density could give the program differently as starage goods, while less density could act as the connection of the transportation.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 252

Tidal Wharf Design Contribution Regular port that only function with shipping and storing goods However our in our design proposal, we’re proposing the port for the future with multicity of programs that can change it states from the environmental protection to habitat to support transportation for shipping or drones as a new modern of the port. As the design alternative to the larger scale composition that it allow to change it states from each month or through the impact of environmental forces, that divide into 4 categories As we go thorugh every state of change we can see the change of activity differently.


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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

In Scenario 1 design contribution shows how the agglomeration process had been designed as a high-density platform that could generate more space along the coast. The purpose of this function is to increase the protection rate from catastrophic events that could impact the coast such as landslides, hurricanes, flooding, and tsunamis. However, high density platform has a limited space for aquacultural activities and a variety of fish species.

The first scenario serves to prevent natural disasters, but as the first state interacts with environmental forces, the state will change into the second scenario. The first prediction result (Figure 16) decreases the problem of wave energy, which can damage fishery supplies. On the other hand, water circulation may not flow efficiently due to density of environment, which will limit marine life habitats.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

When the environmental forces began impacting on the structures, the structures started expanding offshore. In this scenario, as shown in Figure 14, the adaptation of environmental forces changed the pattern to increase offshore farming and productivity, but decreased the protection rate to catastrophic events. Additionally, this regulation in this state (Figure 14) can change its state back and forth, through changes occurring over time.

The second scenario is therefore a tool for increasing the marine life habitat, through the use of a large platform. However, when a state change can be effected in time through the impact of environmental forces. When the structures began to change state into a disassembled platform, the area became more permeable and allowed more hydrological access into the area.

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

We observed in the comparison between Scenario 1 and Scenario 2, marine life species increased as a result of the disassembled action that spread the habitat into an off-shore zone. Although this does not benefit the individual purpose for increasing space, it can support more fish species, ranging from small types to more abundant species. By interacted with the environmental forces as long period, it generates the larger platform with transport connection that allow to increase shipping activity in the area.

The third scenario implements a flexible platform that focuses on balancing marine habitats and regulating the wave energy in the possible areas of the landscape.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

According to Scenario 4, when the structures reached their final state of expansion, there was an increase and balance in marine life habitats in response to the surrounding territory. As shown the percentage of large fish habitats was 20% in scenario one; however, in the final state, at scenario four, the percentage of large fish habitat had increased to 50%. Marine mammals also increased to 40%, due to the enlargement in space that provided better accessibility.

The final state can be disassembled by environmental influences; however, when the weather changes, the platform can transform into the original or first state, depending on the situation at hand.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 265


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 267


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 271


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 273


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

TIDAL WHARF has explored a fundamental understanding of design behaviour that interacts with environmental forces. The behaviour of a building’s environment can be considered alongside external forces, state of change in material, flow direction, and deposition. An alternative approach of this roject research is to investigate the time schemes of a building environment that could change through time with different scnarios or functions (such as, shipping port, marine life habitat, and natural disaster prevention for the coastal.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 3D-Print Combinatorial_6 An example of three-dimensional structures and their logically assembled form, and multiple geometric size repetitions. The assembled process of the material adapts to environmental scenarios.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

3D-Print Combinatorial_7 We had investigated design performance regarding materials in different densities as a means for contributing to the design position. As this image illustrates the differentiation of density and how it expands from vertical to horizontal positioned.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 279


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 3D-Print Combinatorial_8 The study of the assembled form proposes a sense of logic on the study of three-dimensional platforms in nature, and the repetition of homogenous forms adapting to context. The design in this research proposes that homogenous geometry will deliver a morphogenic system for better logical organisation, which can be implemented in the ecological environment. The final state can be disassembled by environmental influences; however, when the weather changes, the platform can transform into the original or first state, depending on the situation at hand.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 281


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 283


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Large Composition_Combinatorics 1

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The constituents can be assembled in the certain depth according to situable topographic. The growth are groing from vertical to hortizontal spread. Each constituents are supporting each other.


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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

When the constituents are agglomerated, it generates the components to support different functions, such as cargo, ship, and boat. These functions for supporting can be change it states.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

When the constituents are agglomerated, it generates the components to support different functions, such as cargo, ship, and boat. These functions for supporting can be change it states. Furthermore, the strucutre could support for marine life with high peameability sturectures under the sea.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory

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Design proposal with modelling and Simulation

The movement of change in environmental platform is essential, because it allows for having water exchange between the ocean and rivers, which washes away contaminated water arising from aquacultural farming activities.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Large Composition_Combinatorics 6

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When the structures reached their final state of expansion, there was an increase and balance in marine life habitats in response to the surrounding territory. This does not benefit the individual purpose for increasing space, it can support more fish species, ranging from small types to more abundant species


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 295


Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation Large Composition_Combinatorics 7_Top view The significant contribution of this research is the notion of using a morphogenic approach in a smallscale operation, for example, the materials on an existing site and incorporating them into in a larger operation. Studying the small-scale context will help the project to distinguish the interfaces and relationships between the built environment and its materials, and hydrological actions. As the form of this structure (top view) will perform and interact with the external forces, which could adapt into different scenario as a adaptive function.

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Research Cluster RC15 Cross-Scale Design: The Amphibious Laboratory Design proposal with modelling and Simulation 297


TIDALWHARF PROJECT RC15_CSD Cross Scale Design Research on Climate Cities


TIDAL WHARF project explored a fundamental understanding of design behaviour that interacts with environmental forces. The behaviour of a building’s environment can be considered alongside external forces, state of change in material, flow direction, and deposition. However, an alternative approach of this thesis research is to investigate the time schemes of a building environment, because the project may require an extended duration to complete it development. Time schemes can potentially illustrate tidal phenomena at different times through the use of physics calculations, and determine how wave energy is distributed within the intertidal zone.

Profile for Mario Santaniello Maestre

TidalWharf Portfolio | RC15 | The Bartlett B-Pro 2018-19  

Portfolio of the TidalWharf Project. The project explored a fundamental understanding of design behavior when in contact with environmental...

TidalWharf Portfolio | RC15 | The Bartlett B-Pro 2018-19  

Portfolio of the TidalWharf Project. The project explored a fundamental understanding of design behavior when in contact with environmental...

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