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Political arena

Neighborhood management Credits Charity

Gender Environment

Ethnographic research On knowledge Post - Colonialism

Leadership/land traffic

Theories of practice

Infrastructure/Social 4

Community organization


Informal Settlements

Space / Land Use

Case study Observations Phenomenology Pattern Founded

Customary land Territoriality

Rapid Urbanizing

Hermeneutic science

Re-interpretation Re-thinking the hybrid city

Formal Settlements

City on the making 3

Occupation strategies



Social Urbanism Science of the ordinary


Social Housing Citizenship


Community & Public Space Describing the conditions/problem 2 Establishing the territory/conceptual theoretical frame Cases and case study methodology – Guayaquil /Dar es Salaam 4 Interpretations 5 1


De Certeau -The practice of Everyday life; Corner-The agency of mapping De Soto, El otro sendero, The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else Davis M - Planets of the Slums Durand-Lasserve - A Holding their ground -secure land tenure for the urban poor in developing countries Harley J.B -Maps, Knowledge and Power Huerta Llona F - La realidad actual en el noroeste de Guayaquil Ingold T - The temporality of Landscape

Jenkins P, Smith H, Wang YP - Planning and housing in the rapidly urbanizing world Kironde L - Unplanned development and urban poverty Kärrholm M -The materiality of Territorial production Lupala JM -Urban Types in Rapid Urbanizing Cities Moser C - Gente de barrio, vidas extraordinarias Activos y reducción de la pobreza en Guayaquil Olwig, K - This is not a landscape: circulating references and land shaping Payne G - Land, Rights & Innovation, Improving

Satterthwaite D -The Under-estimation of Urban Poverty in Low and Middle-income Nations Sida, Perspectives of Poverty Tannerfeldt G, Ljung P, More Urban – Less Poor Turner J – Housing by people, Architecture, Participation and Society UN-Habitat - State of the World´s Cities - WUFs UNDP Task Force on Improving the Lives of Slum Werlin H., The Slum Upgrading Myth

Diagram searching for a hybrid city  
Diagram searching for a hybrid city