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#AIBCSUMMIT

区块链

ISSUE 3

INNOVATION ISLAND

创新之岛

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SEEKING SYNERGY 寻求协同效应 20

EMPOWERING THE FUTURE OF FINANCE

FLYING THE FLAG FOR BLOCKCHAIN

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助力金融的未来

扬起区块链的大旗


WORLD’S

E iGAMING VILLAG

MALTA 27-29 NOV 2019 SIGMA.MT MANILA 8-9 JUN 2020 SIGMA.PH


区块链

EDITOR 编辑 Katy Micallef

CREATIVE DIRECTOR 创意总监 Jessica Camilleri

PHOTOGRAPHY 摄影 Aleksey Leonov

CONTRIBUTORS 撰稿人 Christopher Attard Jools Moore

SALES 销售 Sophie Crouzet Denis Dzyubenko Tabata Mussone Sofya Puzhaykina Sintija Rimsa


EDITOR’S NOTE 编者注 This issue of Block magazine is particularly special, for it illustrates

这一期的《Block》杂志尤其特别,因为它为SiGMA集团揭开

the beginning of a new chapter for SiGMA Group. This is the first

了新的篇章。 这是第一版拥有除英语之外的其他语言的版本。

edition to carry another language besides English. The Chinese

这一中文译本补充非常及时-- 因为在2020年,SiGMA集团将在

translations are a timely addition – in 2020 SiGMA Group will launch three new shows in Asia. In Manila we’ve found the perfect home for emerging tech and iGaming, with AIBC Manila and SiGMA Manila opening their doors in early June, whilst our foray into the fresh new

亚洲推出三个新的展览。 在马尼拉,我们找到了新兴科技和 iGaming的完美家园,AIBC马尼拉分部和SiGMA马尼拉分部将于 6月初开门营业,而我们对医用大麻新领域的探索将于6月底在 曼谷启动。

field of medical cannabis launches end June in Bangkok. 我们的封面故事也关注新事业的开启。西尔维奥. 申布里先生 Our cover story also focuses on new beginnings. The Hon. Silvio Schembri gives a full account of Malta’s ambitious adoption of innovation-driven projects destined to lead the island towards a digital future as the Blockchain Island. Speaking of the Blockchain Island, the Malta AIBC Summit is also gearing up for another great conference, with top speakers set to debate some of the most pertinent topics intriguing the industry today. Read more in our What to Expect pages and in an exclusive piece penned by SiGMA Group’s Event Director, Sophie Crouzet. And so on to the thanks. As always, gratitude goes to our fearless leader Eman Pulis, steering the ship from Manila. Thanks also to

(Silvio. Schembri) 详细介绍了马耳他雄心勃勃地推动创新驱动 型项目的情况,这些项目旨在引导马耳他走向数字化的未来, 最终成为区块链岛。 关于区块链岛,马耳他AIBC峰会也在为另一研讨会积极准备, 顶级演讲人将就当今业界感兴趣的一些最相关的话题展开讨论。 请阅读我们的内容提要板块以及SiGMA集团活动总监索菲·克劳 泽(Sophie Crouzet)撰写的独家文章,以了解更多内容。 另外我希望在此表达感谢。 像往常一样,首先我要感谢我们 无畏的领导人埃曼·普利斯(Eman Pulis),从在马尼拉开始他 就是我们的领航员。 其次我要感谢阿莱克西 (Aleksey)为这

Aleksey for the beautiful photography gracing these pages and to

些网页提供了美丽的摄影图片,还有杰西卡 (Jessica),是她

Jessica whose standout design has helped make this magazine a

的杰出设计打造了我们杂志在业界的领先地位。 最后同样重

leader in its field. Last but not least, to the content team members,

要的我要,感谢内容团队成员 朱利安(Julian)和克里斯托弗

Julian and Christopher for their invaluable contributions.

(Christopher)所做的宝贵贡献。


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CONTENTS 内容 WHAT TO EXPECT 内容提要

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COVER STORY 封面故事

AI PITCH 人工智能初创企业推介

INNOVATION ISLAND 创新之岛

The most promising projects battle it out on stage.

The Hon. Schembri shares strategy plans and success stories.

最有前景的项目一决高低。

Hon. Schembri分享战略计划和成功案例。

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Q&A 问答

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FEATURE 专题报道

PITCH PERFECT 完美夺冠

EMPOWERING THE FUTURE OF FINANCE 助力金融的未来

An interview with last year’s winners Pynk – where are they now?

Federica Taccogna writes about financial crime and how to beat it.

采访去年获胜者Pynk——他们现在发展如何?

Federica Taccogna撰文介绍金融犯罪以及如何打击金融犯罪。

MINISTRY UPDATES 政府部门最新消息

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Q&A 问答

52

SEEKING SYNERGY 寻求协同效应

BREAKING WITH TRADITION 打破传统

Malta’s Economy Minister Cardona writes about the convergence between medical cannabis and blockchain. 马耳他经济部长卡尔多纳(Cardona)撰

Ivan Gowan gives an overview of how currency.com is establishing and helping to drive innovation. Ivan Gowan概述了currency.com如何建立并帮助推动创新。

文介绍医用大麻和区块链的融合。 保留所有权利。未经事先书面同意,严禁复制全部或部分内容。《区块》中表述的意见不一定是编辑或出

您想出现在下一期的《区块》中吗?

版商的意见。我们会采取一切合理的谨慎措施来确保真实性和准确性,但编辑和出版商不对文章、广告、

关于广告机会的更多信息,请致电21336670/27002836,

照片或插图中的错误或遗漏负责。

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Issue 3

或发送电子邮件至pr@blockchainsummit.com.


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84

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GALLERY 图库 RELIVE THE MOMENTS 精彩回顾

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THE EDGE OF A KNIFE 刀锋危机 Head of Media Operations Christopher Attard, wades into the currency wars.

Relive the best moments from the May 2019 edition of AIBC Summit. 重温2019年5月AIBC峰会的精彩时刻。

Q&A 问答 BANKING ON ZBX ZBX银行业务

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OPINION 意见

媒体运营主管Christopher Attard谈论货币战争。

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84

FEATURE 专题报道 FLYING THE FLAG FOR BLOCKCHAIN 扬起区块链的大旗

One year on we catch up with ZBX CEO Dave Pulis.

Newly-formed blockchain aviation company AEROBAND, share their journey

我们采访ZBX首席执行官Dave Pulis一年之后。

so far. 新成立的区块链航空公司AEROBAND分享他们迄今为止的商业历程。

Q&A 问答 BREAKING THE BANK 冲破银行束缚

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FEATURE 专题报道 LEADING THE PACK 把握先机

Reuven Schockner explains how crypto has influenced his art.

SiGMA Group’s Event Director, Sophie Crouzet writes about the AIBC Summit.

Reuven Schockner介绍加密技术对其艺术的影响。

SiGMA集团活动总监Sophie Crouzet撰文介绍AIBC峰会。

The BLOCK is published by Viking PC Health Ltd., Gaming Hub, Judge Paolo Debono Str., Msida Skate Park, Msida. MSD2032, Malta. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is strictly prohibited without prior consent

Would you like to be in the next issue of the BLOCK?

in writing. Opinions expressed in the BLOCK are not necessarily those of the editor or publisher.

For more information regarding advertising opportunities kindly call

All reasonable care is taken to ensure truth and accuracy, but the editor and publishers cannot

Sandeep Haer on (+356) 79773094 or email put pr@blockchainsummit.com.

be held responsible for errors or omissions in articles, advertising, photographs or illustrations.

www.maltablockchainsummit.com

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 7


Are you a disruptor, or one of the disrupted? Let us help you! KPMG is a multidisciplinary firm with expert knowledge in DLT, IOT, Intelligent Automation and other Emerging Technologies. A recognised systems auditor, KPMG is a leading provider of advisory, tax, audit and software development services furnished by a dedicated on-the-ground cross-functional team, supported by its global network.

Contact Us Juanita Brockdorff Partner and DLT Leader +356 25631029 juanitabrockdorff@kpmg.com.mt

Mark Curmi VFA and Regulatory Specialist +356 25631048 markcurmi@kpmg.com.mt

Christopher Azzopardi IT Assurance Director +356 25631077 christopherazzopardi@kpmg.com.mt

Matthew Scerri Technology Specialist +356 25631270 matthewscerri@kpmg.com.mt

www.kpmg.com.mt Follow KPMG Malta:

| #AIBCsummit IssuePartnership 3 ©8 2019 KPMG, a Maltese Civil and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.


INTRODUCTION 简介

A NATIONAL STRATEGY 国家战略

The Hon. Joseph Muscat, Prime Minister of Malta, speaking at the Malta AI & Blockchain Summit May 2019 尊敬的 Joseph Muscat 马耳他总理 2019年5月在马耳他人工智能和 区块链峰会上发言

W

e’re here just a year later and we’re proud that as a

我们虽然晚了一年,但让我们感到自豪的是,作为一个

jurisdiction Malta is the first country worldwide to have

管辖区,马耳他是世界上第一个拥有监管框架的国家,

an operative regulatory framework which provides

这个监管框架给予了全方位的法律确定性和鼓励。两周

such certainty and diligence across the board. Two weeks ago

前,马耳他金融服务管理局(MFSA)批准并列入了第

the MFSA approved and listed the first virtual financial assets

一批虚拟金融资产代理商,以确保对基于业务操作的虚

agents, ensuring due diligence and assurances on virtual financial asset based operations. The MDIA approved and listed the first system auditors, enabling Malta to be the first jurisdiction to introduce technology assurances worldwide. This shows Malta really is becoming the Blockchain Island. Last November we also set up an AI task force. AI enables a more efficient and accurate service of everything around us and in the future will even allow

拟金融资产进行尽职调查和担保。MDIA批准并列入了 第一批系统审计员,使马耳他成为第一个在全球范围内 引进技术保证的司法管辖区。这意味着马耳他成为了真 正的区块链之岛。去年11月,我们还成立了一个人工 智能(AI)工作组。AI可以为我们周围的一切提供更高 效、更精准的服务,将来甚至可以提供一些我们尚未

for new types of services that we can’t yet envisage. Automation

想到的新型服务。很遗憾的是,自动化多次遭到人们的

is unfortunately many times perceived with scepticism and fear

质疑,并让人们感到恐惧。正是出于这个原因,在我们

– it is for this reason that within our national strategy, education

的国家战略中,针对现有劳动力的培训与教育被视为三

of the existing workforce features as one of the 3 main pillars. We

大支柱之一。我们不应该对科技感到恐惧,而应该接受

should not fear technology but embrace it and use it to provide

科技,并利用科技来提高我们人类的生活质量。毫无疑

a better quality of life. There is no doubt that such technologies

问,这些技术带来了新的机遇,也带来了巨大的挑战。

bring about new opportunities and very big challenges. As we

然而随着我们越来越接近这样的未来,我们必须确保我

get closer to such a future, we must make sure that our country embraces technology.”

们的国家要接纳科技。

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WHEN EAST MEETS WEST

当东西方交汇

A

s we ease into the fourth industrial revolution it has become clear that businesses looking to secure a

随着“第四次工业革命”的到来,我们越来越清楚,

leading role in an increasingly digital world need to seek

企业若想在日益数字化的世界中取得领先,就需要寻

synergy with emerging technologies. The benefits of integrating

求与新兴技术的协作。将实体世界和数字世界进行整

our physical and digital worlds remain tremendous - we hope

合可带来的好处仍然巨大无比。我们希望在进军亚洲

to leverage these advantages as we foray into Asia’s up-and-

新兴市场时能利用上这些技术优势。

coming markets. 有许多国家,如菲律宾等,它们正在积极吸引全球科 As countries such as the Philippines tempt leading brands from the global tech sector to expand business opportunities in the region, it’s fast becoming clear that Asia is the new frontier for emerging technologies, such as AI and blockchain. It is with this in mind that we have expanded our focus to include new Asian markets. In June 2020 SiGMA Group will launch a super expo, combining our iGaming vertical with our AI and

然,亚洲将很快成为新兴技术(如人工智能、区块链 等)的前沿阵地。 正是基于此,我们扩大了关注范围,将新兴的亚洲市 场包括在内。2020年6月,新格集团将推出一个超级 博览会,届时会把我们的iGaming Vertical和“AI与区

blockchain show. AIBC Manila kicks off on the 8th to the 9th

块链展会”相结合。6月8日至9日,马尼拉AIBC将在

of June at the Conrad Hotel, offering start-ups, established

康拉德酒店 Conrad Hotel 开幕,该峰会旨在弥合各大

companies, and investors a solid connection between Europe

洲之间的业务鸿沟,为初创企业、老牌公司和投资者

and Asia by bridging the business divide between continents.

建立欧亚之间的坚实联系。

On the home front we continue to ride the innovation wave and

在国内方面,我们继续跟随创新浪潮,紧跟政府步

follow the government’s lead as it establishes solid foundations

伐,为“区块链之岛”奠定坚实的基础,使之成为欧

for the Blockchain Island as Europe’s leading hub for technology.

洲领先的技术中心。11月的AIBC峰会是马耳他的第

The November AIBC Summit, the third edition for Malta, offers

三届峰会,它将为这一领域最具创造力的人们提供平

a platform for some of the most creative minds in this sphere to converge under one roof and spark debate on the most important topics engaging our nation, from regulation to ethical considerations – we’ve got it covered. Last but not least, thanks. SiGMA Group’s journey from East to West hasn’t been without its bumps in the road. Potholes aside, we are

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技领域的领先品牌,以便扩大当地的商业机会。显

台,让他们汇聚在一起,就我国一些最重要议题(从 监管到道德考虑)展开辩论——我们均已安排经妥 当了。 最后但同样重要的是,我要说声谢谢!新格集团从东 方到西方的旅程并非一帆风顺。除了坎坷,我们也历

grateful that our companions along the way have helped make the

经了一段愉快的旅程,我们要感谢沿途互相扶持的同

trip a pleasant one and we now look forward to completing the final

伴们。我们期待着在2020年的开幕日期临近前走完最

leg as our 2020 launch date nears.

后一站。

Enjoy the issue!

享受这里的精彩吧!

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


INTRODUCTION 简介

Eman Pulis, Founder & CEO Malta AI & Blockchain Summit, SiGMA & Medical Cannabiz Summit.World Eman Pulis,创始人&CEO 马耳他人工智能和区块链峰会,SiGMA和Cannabiz世界峰会

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AI START-UP PITCH 3 min LIVE PITCH for 10 finalists followed by live Q&A from investors, jury and audience.

WHAT YOU GET

WHAT YOU GET

Meet the investors

1m booth at Malta AI & Blockchain Summit 19, including cost of printing and furniture

website, email newsletters, interviews •

Invitation to premium networking events during the summit and throughout the year

Malta AI & Blockchain Summit PR – magazines, Free consultancy and potential leads from leading industry veterans

Office space at Microsoft Innovation Centre Malta

WHERE AI START-UPS AND INVESTORS MEET Following a very successful run at the spring edition of Malta AI & Blockchain Summit, we’re going all out for November 2019. Over 100 start-ups will be selected to showcase their products and initiatives throughout the event. Start-ups based in AI, Blockchain, Quantum Tech, Big Data, and IoT will have a small booth and an allimportant opportunity to mingle with some of the leading investors and mentors in the industry. However, the AI Start-Up Pitch is only open to AI start-ups - the judges’ top ten will make it to the pitch stage during the final leg of the Summit. Expect the competition to be fierce with so many investors to impress!

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Issue 3


WHAT TO EXPECT 内容提要

人工智能初创企业推介 10名入围者进行3分钟的现场推介,随后是投资者、评委会和观众的现场问答。

你能得到什么

你能得到什么

与投资者会面

19年马耳他人工智能与区块链峰会的1米展位一

马耳他人工智能与区块链峰会公关——杂志、 网站、电子邮件通讯、采访

个,含印刷品和展材成本

免费向资深业内人士讨教的机会和潜在商机

获邀参加峰会期间及全年的高级社交活动

马耳他微软创新中心的办公环境

人工智能初创企业和投资者会面 继马耳他人工智能与区块链春季峰会的成功举办之后,我们又将全力迎接2019年11月的盛会。超过100家初创 企业将被选中在活动中全程展示其产品和创意。基于人工智能、区块链、量子技术、大数据、物联网的初创企 业将获得一个小展位,并有机会与业内一些领先的投资者和导师进行交流,这将是十分难得的机会。 不过,人工智能初创企业推介会只面向人工智能初创企业,评选的前十名将在峰会最后阶段进入推介环节。预 计竞争会很激烈,将给众多投资者留下深刻印象!

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COIN BATTLE AWARDS Investors Award – the investment prize for the 1st place is €15,000 worth of tokens based on the highest marks earned by the judges. WHAT YOU GET •

A few minutes to pitch on stage in front of the investor panel

A VIP invitation to premium networking events in Malta

2 complimentary VIP tickets to the conference

AIBC PR – magazines, website, email newsletters, interviews JUDGING CRITERIA Judging criteria will be based on business model, scalability, team criteria, and liquidity criteria, as well as solution of the problem, Token Model and proceeds distribution.

WHERE STOS AND INVESTORS MEET Every selected coin will get to pitch live on our grand stage and face a Q&A session from the official jury members, savvy investors, and the audience. It is the participant’s choice whether to use all the allocated time for the pitch or to do a shorter version and leave a few minutes for the Q&A. Judging results will be a blend based on White Paper, Pitch Deck, Team & Advisers and investability.

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WHAT TO EXPECT 内容提要

硬币战斗 奖项 投资者大奖——获得评委最高分的第一名参赛者将赢得价值 15,000欧元的代币投资大奖。 您的收获 •

在投资者小组面前进行几分钟的简报

马耳他高级商业社交活动的VIP邀请函

2张免费会议VIP门票

AIBC公关——杂志、网站、电子邮件快讯、访谈 评判标准 评判标准将基于业务模型、可扩展性、团队标准和流动性 标准,以及问题的解决方案、代币模型和收益分配。

硬币与投资者的交汇 每一种被选中的硬币都将在我们的舞台上现场演示简报,并接受官方评委会成 员、精明的投资者和观众的提问。参与者可自行决定是否将分配到的所有时间 用于简报,或是缩短简报时间,为问答环节留出几分钟。评判结果将基于白皮 书、简报、团队与顾问,以及最主要投资能力。

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完美夺冠

PITCH PERFECT JOOLS MOORE SITS DOWN WITH THE MAY 2019 WINNERS OF THE AI START-UP PITCH. FROM TAKING THE CROWN TO LONG-TERM PLANS, THE FUTURE LOOKS ROSY FOR PYNK.

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Issue 3

朱尔斯·摩尔Jools Moore 采访2019年5 月的AI创业大赛AI Start-up Pitch冠军 得主。从夺冠到长远计划,Pynk的未 来看起来很乐观。


Q&A 问答

CONGRATULATIONS ON WINNING THE AI PITCH BATTLE AT THE

恭喜贵公司5月在马耳他人工智能和区块链峰会(AIBC)的AI创

MALTA AIBC IN MAY. YOU HAD SOME TOUGH COMPETITION, SO

业大赛板块中拔得头筹。你们在这个过程中经历了激烈的竞争,

WHAT DO YOU THINK CLINCHED IT FOR YOU WITH THE JUDGES?

那么您认为是什么让你们赢得评委的青睐呢?

Thank you very much! Yes the competition was quite tough – we are

非常感谢!是的,这场竞赛十分艰难,我们很幸运能够进入一个

lucky to be in an ecosystem where there is such strong competition,

竞争如此激烈的生态系统中,但我认为总的来说,我们最终都会

but I think overall we’ll all benefit in the end! We think it was the

受益!我们认为我们夺冠的原因主要是因为具有创新性的Pynk模

innovative Pynk model that won it for us. We are the world’s first People Powered Investment platform using Wisdom of Crowd data and AI to build a more equitable model for everyday investors. Combined with the fact we are using blockchain technology to democratise access via Security Tokens - we’re using tech for good. I think the judges bought into and saw the value in our mission. HOW IMPORTANT IS IT FOR STARTUPS LIKE PYNK TO GET PEER REVIEW FROM JUDGES AS WELL AS SOME PRIZE MONEY FROM EVENTS LIKE THE AI START-UP PITCH? For us it’s super important. We’re still an ‘early stage’ start-up, so building awareness for our company is key and competitions

式。我们是全球第一个以人力为驱动的投资平台,利用大众智慧 (Wisdom of Crowd)数据和AI为日常投资者建立一个更加公平 的模式。再加上我们使用区块链技术通过证券型代币实现访问民 主化,我们在利用技术做好事。我认为评委们是看到了我们使命 中的价值观。

“在此类比赛中获得评 审小组的认可是建立 我们资质的关键”

such as this are a great way for us to get publicity. It does require quite a bit of work in terms of preparation – but it’s totally worth it, especially if you win – which feels great

“ Having validation from a panel of judges at such an event is key in building our credentials ”

for the whole team, advisors, investors and of course our Pynkster community around the world. But the other thing that is important for us is it drives our credibility, having validation from a panel of judges at such an event is key in building our credentials.

像Pynk这样的创业公司从评委那里获得同行评审以及从像AI创业 大赛这样的活动中赢得奖金有多重要? 对我们来说,这非常重要。我们仍然是一个处于“早期阶段”的 创业公司,因此,建立公司的意识很关键,参加诸如此类的竞赛 对我们来说是一种很好的宣传方式。参加这些比赛确实要花很多 时间准备,但这些都完全值得,尤其是你赢得比赛的时候。这对 整个团队、顾问、投资者以及我们世界各地的Pynkster社区参与 者来说都是非常好的。但还有另一件对我们来说很重要的事情,

HOW ARE THINGS PROGRESSING

那就是它提高了我们的可信度,在这类竞赛中获得评审小组的认

WITH PYNK? YOU HAD 1400 USERS

可是建立我们资质的关键。

BACK IN MAY - WHAT’S YOUR USER BASE CURRENTLY? I’ve never been involved in a company

Pynk的发展情况如何?在五月份的时候,你们拥有1400名用户, 那现在有多少用户了呢?

that is progressing as quickly as Pynk,

我涉足过的公司还没有像Pynk一样发展得这么快的,这都离不开

and that’s down to the team. Everyone is pushing hard every day –

团队的努力。所有人每天都在努力推动公司发展,所以这个环境

so it’s an exciting environment. We reached 1,400 Crowd Predictors

就很振奋人心。5月份的时候,我们的“人群预测器”数量达到

in May and today we are already at more than 6,000 across 55 countries. We’re actually growing a little too fast if anything, so we’re taking our foot off the pedal a little when it comes to crowd recruitment. The crowd who earn Pynk Security Tokens in return for sharing their Wisdom are limited to 10k - and we are confident we will get there in the coming months.

了1400,今天我们已经拥有了来自55个国家的6000名用户。实 际上,我们的发展可能有点过快了,所以在招募用户时,我们稍 微放慢了脚步。分享了智慧的用户可以获得Pynk的证券型代币作 为回报,最高可获得1万个,我们有信心,再接下来几个月实现 这个目标。

Diversity in the Crowd is key for Wisdom of Crowd methodology,

人群的多样性是大众智慧方法论的关键,所以我们很高兴我们拥

so we love that we have people across the globe, from Indonesia,

有来自全球的用户,有来自印度尼西亚的,有来自欧洲、古巴

Europe, Cuba, USA, and Brazil. Our target is to have Pynksters from

的,也有来自美国和巴西的。我们的目标是拥有来自全世界所有

every country in the world!

国家的智慧拼客(Pynkster)! Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 17


WITH CROWD WISDOM AND AI, WILL THE

types of questions we call long term ‘forecasts’

INCREASING SIZE OF THE USER BASE

across new asset classes (not just BTC,) and

IMPROVE THE PREDICTION MODEL, OR IS IT

some of our Crowd are better at those than

CONSISTENT AS IT GROWS IN SIZE?

short-term predictions. So the reality is we value

Our early testing with machine learning shows we were accurate in predicting the direction

YOU’RE LOOKING AT A FURTHER ROUND

of BTC, from what we see, the more data we

OF SEED FUNDING IN SEPTEMBER - HOW

get in, the better our AI, Rose performs, since

WILL THIS HELP DEVELOP THE BRAND AND

the more data she has the quicker she learns.

THE OFFERING?

It’s not just about volume of data though, but quality also. Rose watches and learns from individuals we call ‘super

“ We’re actually growing a little too fast if anything, so we’re taking our foot off the pedal a little when it comes to crowd recruitment ”

18

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Issue 3

the contribution of everyone.

predictors’, observing how they perform across time periods and in different

Hugely! This award puts us in a great place and as mentioned before, it drives our credibility – everyone at Pynk is so grateful and proud that we won. If you follow Pynk you’ll also know we place great value on this and other programs

market conditions – and

that we go through. We’re part of the Royal

she rewards accuracy with

Bank of Scotland and NatWest accelerators in

additional ‘Wisdom Points’.

the UK, Creative Destruction Labs in Canada

We’re also building other

and also 360 Labs – a venture fund that is

factors for Rose to draw

helping us get ready to scale. All of this is with

correlations from to make

a view to helping our next funding round which

better predictions.

opens September 2019.

IF YOU HAVE USERS WHO

WHERE DOES PYNK HOPE TO BE IN FIVE

AREN’T GREAT WITH

YEARS TIME?

PREDICTIONS (LIKE THE 95% WHO AREN’T VERY GOOD AT TURNING A PROFIT), HOW DOES THIS AFFECT THE OVERALL PREDICTION MODEL?

We’re an ambitious lot here at Pynk and we have our sights set on building a Unicorn with several $billion in assets under management from investors around the world. Most importantly - I believe we have the talent in the team to get there. And what’s great is that as Pynk grows

Well actually the bad predictors are incredibly

we have even more talented people asking to

useful to the model since there is a strong

join us and wanting to get involved. It all goes

inverse correlation with future asset prices.

back to our vision of building a more equitable

So Rose looks at these people as well as Super

investment model for everyday investors –

Predictors to make her forecasts. But it isn’t

younger investors buy into that. And it’s more

usually the case that a person is always bad at

than just investment, we want to give power

predicting, it depends on the market conditions,

back to our community, so that through the

whether they are naturally bullish or bearish and

Wisdom of Crowds methodology we can give

other such factors. That’s why AI is so powerful

them a say in where and how their capital is

for Crowd Wisdom – traditional methods could

deployed. We can’t solve the world’s problems

never replicate the speed of learning looking at

- but together we can build a better model that

all of this data. We have also recently added new

can at least do things the right way.


Q&A 问答

有了大众智慧和人工智能,越来越多的用户会不会使得预测模式有所 改进?或者随着用户规模的增长,预测模式还是会保持不变吗? 我们早期通过机器学习进行的测试表明,我们对比特币方向的预测是 准确的。从我们观察到的数据来看,接收的数据越多,我们的机器人 罗丝(Rose)就会表现得越好,因为她掌握的数据越多,她就学得 越快。但对于数据,不仅仅只有数量的要求,还有质量的要求。罗丝 (Rose)通过观察和学习我们称之为“超级预测者”的个体在不同 时期和不同市场条件下的表现,从而提供额外的“智慧见解”,使得 我们的预测更加准确。我们也在为罗丝(Rose)建立其他因素,方 便她从中提取相关性,从而做出更好的预测。 如果有些用户不擅长预测(就像那95%的不擅长盈利的人),会对整

“实际上,我们的发展 可能有点过快了,所以 在招募用户时,我们稍 微放慢了脚步”

体预测模式产生什么影响? 实际上,那些不擅长预测的用户对我们的模式来说,反而很有帮 助,因为他们与未来的资产价格存在强烈的负相关关系。所以罗丝 (Rose)既会从这些人身上学习,也会从超级预测者那里学习,以 便做出她的预测。但通常情况下,一个人不会一直都不善于预测,这 取决于市场条件,取决于他们自身是倾向于看涨还是看跌以及其他诸 如此类的因素。这就是为什么AI对于大众智慧来说如此有力,使用传 统方法永远无法达到AI学习所有这些数据的速度。最近我们还添加了 一些新类型的问题,我们将这些问题称为新型资产(不仅仅是比特 币)的长远“预测”,而且与短期预测相比,我们的一些用户更擅长 于长远预测。所以真实情况是,我们重视所有人的贡献。 你们正在计划在9月进行新一轮的种子融资,这将如何帮助你们发展 品牌和产品? 这会有很大的帮助!就像前面说的那样,这次得奖让我们处于一个有 利位置,提高了我们的可信度,因为赢得比赛,Pynk的所有人都非 常感激和自豪。如果您关注了Pynk,您就会知道我们对此次竞赛以 及其他进行的计划也很重视。我们得到了英国苏格兰皇家银行、英国 NatWest加速器、加拿大Creative Destruction Labs以及360 Labs的 支持,他们给了我们一笔风险投资,帮助我们做好扩大规模的准备。 所有这些都是为了帮助我们在2019年9月进行下一轮融资。 Pynk希望在5年后发展成为什么样的公司? Pynk是一个雄心勃勃的团队,我们的目标是成为一个管理全球投资 者的数十亿美元资产的独角兽公司。最重要的是,我相信我们的团队 能实现这一目标。而且很棒的是,随着Pynk的发展,也有更多的优 秀人才请求加入我们,并希望参与其中。这一切都要追溯到我们为日 常投资者建立更公平的投资模式的愿景,年轻投资者们都相信这一概 念。这不仅仅是投资,我们还希望将权力交还给社区成员,这样就可 以通过群策群力的方法,让他们就他们的资金部署地点和方式发表意 见。虽然我们不能解决世界上所有的问题,但我们可以共同建立一个 更好的模式,这样至少可以用正确的方式做事。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 19


SEEKING SYNERGY 寻求协同效应

CHRIS CARDONA, MINISTER FOR THE ECONOMY, INVESTMENT AND SMALL BUSINESS OF MALTA WRITES ABOUT HOW TWO OF MALTA’S FASTESTGROWING ECONOMIES – MEDICAL CANNABIS AND EMERGING TECH, ARE FINDING COMMON GROUND AS THEY MERGE TO REACH NEW LEVELS OF INNOVATION. 马耳他经济、投资和小型企 业部长Chris Cardona介绍马 耳他经济增长最快的两大行 业(医用大麻和新兴技术) 如何找到共同点,融合并达 到新的创新水平。

20

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Issue 3


MINISTRY UPDATES 政府部门最新消息

T

imes are changing and nothing is evidence of that truism more

关于时代在变化,没有比医用大麻和区块链竟然成为了马耳他

than the fact that medical cannabis and blockchain have become

经济的突破性行业更好的证明了。如果分开审视医用大麻和区

ground-breaking sectors of the Maltese economy. When you

块链,您可能会发现这两样东西天然属于两个不同的世界。但

strike down medical cannabis and blockchain in two different boxes, you

是如果将它们放在一起,您就会发现它们之间可以形成重要的

may realise that the two subjects sit in two different worlds. However,

关系,并创造出安全的数据流,从而帮助人们合法使用并研究

if you put them in the same box, you will realise that together they may

医用大麻。

form an important relationship that creates a secure flow of data to help in the legality and research of the use of medical cannabis. Just over a year ago, the Maltese government introduced legislation on the ‘Production of Cannabis for Medical and Research Purposes’ which made us the first EU Member State to provide a regulatory framework for medical cannabis. However, unlike most industries, medical cannabis faces greater legislative and regulatory scrutiny than average. This is where blockchain technology comes in. In examining the current state of the medical cannabis market, it’s clear that implementing this new technology would solve some pressing problems in the industry.

就在一年多前,马耳他政府出台了关于“医学和研究目的下的 大麻生产”法律,并成为第一个为医用大麻提供监管框架的欧 盟成员国。 然而,与大多数行业不同,医用大麻面临着远超平 均要求的立法和监管审查。这正是区块链技术的用武之地。在 检视医用大麻市场的现状时,我们清楚地认识到这项新技术有 助于解决行业中的一些紧迫问题。 长期以来,大麻种植一直是零散的家庭作坊式产业,质量标准 极低。即使如此,我们仍旧提供了一个吸引大量全球参与者的 稳定监管框架,成功改变了这一状况。 无论如何,在这个行业

For a long time, cannabis cultivation has traditionally been a fragmented

中,整个供应链都符合规范是重中之重。事实上,一些公司已

cottage industry with minimal quality standards. Yet we have managed

经在使用区块链技术创建安全记录,从种子到销售全程跟踪。

to change this by providing a stable regulatory framework which

例如,如果某药房将医用大麻出售给某人,那么区块链会创建

attracts massive global players. Nevertheless, in this industry it is

相关的线上记录。由于链接是透明的,因此监管机构可以研究

paramount that the entire supply chain is up to code. In fact, some

和调查购买者是否出于正当用途和存货盘点目的购买医用大

companies are already using blockchain technology to create secure records that track cannabis from seed to sale. For example, if pharmacy A has sold medical cannabis to person A, the blockchain will create a

麻。这就增强了交易可信度,即产品的原产地、质量和安全性 都符合法规。

record online. Since the link will be transparent, it gives an opportunity to the regulator to study and investigate that medical cannabis is being bought for the right use and stocktaking purposes. This creates an element of trust that the origin, quality and safety of the product are in compliance with regulations. It also gives an opportunity for audit companies to create the right strategy to audit medical cannabis suppliers so the right tax is being

“我们迫切需要所有利益相 关者共同努力,不仅要在当 前的经济产业中,还要在各 产业之间寻求协同效应”

held by the government and paid by the suppliers. The transparency created in this process will ensure top-quality products by decreasing black-market involvement. By having medical cannabis tracking

它还让审计公司有机会制定恰当的战略,用于审计医用大麻供

systems go all the way from seed-to-sale we are transforming medical

应商,以便政府获得相应的税收,且税款由供应商支付。此过

cannabis from a cottage style industry to a lucrative and thriving

程所实现的透明度有助于减少黑市的参与,确保高质量的产

industrial sector. This will contribute to the reputation of the product and industry itself. Furthermore, the links established by blockchain technology will also help grow the medical research and clinical trials as blockchain uses a hash to determine and keep track of links to give a platform to medical research to monitor and create true statistics about the effect

品。得益于医用大麻跟踪系统全程监控从种子到销售的整个过 程,我们将医用大麻从小作坊式行业转变为利润丰厚且蓬勃发 展的工业部门。这也有助于提升产品和行业的声誉。 此外,区块链技术建立的链接也可以促进医学研究和临床试验 的发展,因为区块链使用混编来确定和跟踪链接,这就为医学

that medical cannabis is having upon the country’s healthcare. From

研究打造了平台,以监测和创造关于医用大麻对国家医疗保健

tracking consumption to creating cheaper, more effective regulatory

影响的真实统计数据。从跟踪消费到实现更低廉、更有效的企

oversight of businesses, blockchain tech has the potential to better

业监管,区块链技术能够更好地为包括投资者、企业家和政府

serve everyone from investors, to entrepreneurs and government alike.

在内的每个人提供服务。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 21


MINISTRY UPDATES 政府部门最新消息

“ What is truly needed is a concerted effort by all stakeholders to seek synergies not only within current economic industries but also between them ”

And that’s not all. Blockchain can be used to create standardised and easily accessible medical records. By implementing a blockchain system to store patient records, the medical cannabis industry would be increasing its regulatory compliance. As a result, this will improve patient outcomes as physicians may use systems with automated compliance reporting and ledgers that securely store patient information. Blockchain can therefore offer medical cannabis companies a value-added service which enhances business efficiency and immutability, meaning that the data and metadata stored are unchangeable. Malta has the possibility of attracting new start-ups in a number of industries. What is truly needed is a concerted effort by all stakeholders to seek synergies not only within current economic industries but also between them. I am excited to see the possibilities and to see how this new technology can help the medical marijuana industry reach new levels of innovation in business, security and other areas. As medical cannabis and blockchain are currently reigning among the most popular topics in the global economy, I am truly satisfied that Malta, a tiny island in the Mediterranean, has embraced these industries and is actively looking at how these two forces can work together. As a government, we have always been focused on investing in the future and we are always on the search for new business growth opportunities for the benefit of our citizens, particularly for our younger generation.

它能做的不只是这些。区块链可用于创建标准化且易于访问的医疗记 录。通过实施区块链系统来存储患者记录,医用大麻行业将提高其监管 合规性。有了可自动生成合规报告的系统和安全存储患者信息的分类 账,医生可以大大改善患者的治疗效果。因此,区块链可以为医用大麻 公司提供增值服务,提高业务效率和不可变性(即存储的数据和元数据 是不可更改的)。 马耳他有吸引到众多行业的初创公司的可能性。我们迫切需要所有利益 相关者共同努力,不仅要在当前的经济产业中,还要在各产业之间寻求 协同效应。我很高兴能看到这种可能性以及新技术是如何帮助医用大麻 行业在商业、安全和其他领域达到更高的创新水平。 由于医用大麻和区块链目前是全球经济中最热门的话题,我非常高兴马 耳他这个地中海的小岛国主动拥抱这些行业,并且在积极研究让这两项 产业协同工作。 作为马耳他政府,我们一直专注于投资未来,寻求新的 业务增长机会,造福我们的公民,特别是年轻一代。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 23


Conference 1 Compliance and Regulation 第一次大会—— 规章及监管

7th Nov - Intercontinental, Malta

In a world first, at last year’s Malta

thoughts, saying, “Having a framework

Blockchain Summit, the Maltese

on ethical and trustworthy AI is crucial as

government brought in three key pieces of

this will serve as guidance in the creation

DLT legislation, securing a legal framework

of trustworthy AI projects but most

to afford blockchain businesses an

importantly it will play a crucial part in

infrastructure that offers support and

instilling trust amongst the public.”

stability, as well as setting a standard for other countries to follow Malta’s lead. Indeed, the Hon. Silvio Schembri, our Joseph Muscat, Prime Minister of Malta

cover VIP for this issue of Block, has had a busy couple of years travelling the world to speak at blockchain conferences about regulation in the sector. Now in 2019, we have the Malta Ethical AI framework, which was published by the Malta AI Taskforce in August. Building

Michelle Chivunga N, Chair - British Blockchain Association

on the three DLT bills from 2018, the framework further increases regulatory guidelines in an effort not to control the way businesses work in the space, but to open the doors to a sandbox where

The most prominent examples of combining AI with blockchain, exemplifying the need for oversight and regulation, as well as a futureproof code of practice, are the many DAOs that have emerged in the last couple of years. DAOs (Decentralised Autonomous Organisations) are a bright new avenue for blockchain powered by AI, where a new approach to regulation and legislation must be carved out to define accountability for the actions and decisions made by AI programming that exists as a self-standing business, without direct human control.

ideas can be seeded and find support

All of these issues and much, much more

and growth. At the time, Silvio Schembri

will be discussed in the conference on

encouraged the public to offer their

Compliance and Regulation.

在去年的马耳他区块链峰会(全球第一次)

法,他说:“建立一个道德的且可信任的人工

上,马耳他政府提出了DLT立法的三个关键,

智能框架至关重要,因为这将指导可信任的

以确保一个法律框架,来为区块链业务提供

人工智能项目的创建。但最重要的是,它将

支持和稳定的基础设施,并为其他国家效仿

在向公众灌输信任理念时发挥关键作用。”

Raul L. Lambino, Managing Partner - R. Lambino & Partners

马耳他设定一个标准。 事实上,我们这一期 David Orban, Founder - Network Society Ventures

Block杂志的封面嘉宾Silvio Schembri几年来 一直忙于周游世界,并在区块链大会上就该 行业的监管问题发表演讲。 现在,在2019年,我们有了马耳他人工智 能道德框架,该框架于8月由马耳他人工智 能特别工作组发布。 在2018年开始的三项 DLT法案的基础上,该框架进一步增加了监

Steve Tendon, Director - Chainstrategies

24

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Issue 3

管指导,目的不是控制企业在该领域的运作 方式,而是要打开一扇通往沙盒的大门,

将人工智能与区块链相结合的最突出的例子 是前几年出现的许多DAOs,证明了监督和监 管的必要性,以及一个未来可验证的业务准 则的必要性。 DAOs(去中心化自治组织) 是人工智能所驱动的区块链的一条光明的新 途径,在这里必须制定新的监管和立法,以 界定人工智能程序所采取的行动和决策的责 任。这些行为和决策作为独立的业务存在, 没有直接的人为控制。

在沙盒中播种思想,获得支持和成长。 同

所有这些问题及更多问题将在“规章及监

时,Silvio Schembri鼓励公众提出他们的想

管”会议上讨论。


WHAT TO EXPECT 内容提要

7th Nov - Intercontinental, Malta

Following the thawing of the crypto

fungibility, and transparency in this new

winter earlier this year, our Malta AI &

and evolving market.

Blockchain Summit speakers deliver some diverse insights into the world of crypto and fintech, highlighting some of the successes, some of the problems, and what the future might hold for the sector.

The same afternoon will see Tony Evans return to the Malta AI & Blockchain Industrial Revolution, as Enterprise Ethereum comes into its own. Enterprise Ethereum is set to streamline financial

everyone to see Bitcoin as a store of

markets, manage supply chains and

value, rather than a short term trading

create new business models for secure,

opportunity, saying, “Even though

scalable and flexible business models.

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency and people

This is blockchain at its most industrious!

10 years its primary use should be as an investment. Despite the fact that Bitcoin has grown so much in value, reaching US$100 billion, I think there’s much more room to grow. I think it could reach and exceed gold which is US$8 trillion.”

topics relating to fintech, with a number of VIP experts providing enlightenment for the audience on subjects including blockchain malware, scalability, arbitrage, and the changing Consulting, with more than 30 top speakers, make sure you block out your

Summit, looking at crypto economics -

afternoon for a full-scale assault on what

getting into the specifics about liquidity,

you think you know about fintech!

随着今年早些时候加密货币寒冬的消融,马

眼于加密货币经济——在这个新的不断演

耳他人工智能和区块链峰会的各路发言人对

变的市场中深入了解流动性、可替代性和

加密货币和金融科技领域提出了一些不同的

透明性。

会重返AIBC峰会来讨论第四次工业革命, 因为企业以太坊已成为工业革命的一部分。

比特币看作是一种价值储备,而不是短期的

企业以太坊旨在简化金融市场,管理供应

交易机会。他说:“尽管比特币是一种加密

链,并创建安全、可伸缩、灵活的新业务模

货币,且人们可以在日常生活中使用它,但

式。这是区块链最大的成果!

资。 尽管比特币的价值增长如此之快,达 到了1000亿美元,但我认为还有更大的增 长空间。 我认为它可以达到并超过价值8万 亿美元的黄金。”

Virgil Griffith, Special Projects - Ethereum Foundation

在当天下午,托尼·埃文斯 (Tony Evans)

上一次,鲍比·李(Bobby Lee)鼓励大家把

在未来10年里,它的主要用途应该是一种投

Mati Greenspan, Financial Markets Analyst & Strategic Adviser

face of financial crime. Hosted by FTI

viewpoint at this November’s AIBC

该行业的未来景象。

Alexander Borodich, Founder & CEO - Universa

There’s also plenty of other essential

Brock Pierce looks to continue this

见解,强调了一些成功之处、一些问题以及

第二次大会—— 金融科技的未来

Summit stage to discuss the Fourth

Last time round, Bobby Lee encouraged

can use it in their daily lives, for the next

Conference 2 The Future of Fintech

Bobby Lee, Crypto Entrepreneur

还有很多其他与金融科技相关的重要话 题,一些嘉宾专家向观众讲述了关于区块 链恶意软件、可伸缩性、套利和金融犯罪 的变化等主题。 本次大会由FTI 咨询公司 主办,有30多位顶级演讲者主讲,确保您

布洛克·皮尔斯(Brock Pierce)希望在今年

在午后时间全面刷新自己对金融科技的了

11月的AIBC峰会上继续阐述这一观点,着

解!

Adam Todd, Founder - Digitex Future Exchanges

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 25


Conference 3 Business & Emerging Tech 第三次大会—— 商业和新兴技术

8th Nov - Intercontinental, Malta From enterprise machine learning

ahead and seeps into everyday life. Given

algorithms to a blockchain-based Web 3.0

the exponential increase in computing power

transition, the AIBC Summit covers all the

and robust artificial intelligence systems, an

juicy topics in the world of business and

ethical AI strategy is eminently desirable.

emerging technology. Intelligent automation is also on the agenda There’s simply so much to talk about when it comes to the future of business and emerging tech that one morning surely can’t cover it all, but we’ve assembled some of the best speakers from across the sectors of AI, crypto-economics, and blockchain business

Adam Back, CEO - Blockstream

to tell you as much as they can. A firm favourite at our May event, Professor Noel Sharkey reprises his role as AI supremo to explore the current and future states of relationships between droids and humans. We’re being seduced into new kinds of

Miko Matsumura, General Partner - Gumi Ventures

relationships with tech gadgets, but what kind of relationship can you have with a machine? Sharkey says ‘it’s complicated’ but in his morning keynote, he’ll explain why.

David Sachs, CEO - Tomobox

| #AIBCsummit

applications. What are the next steps for autonomous processes in the workplace? Find out in this mid-morning keynote. There’s a plethora of other unmissable conversations to be heard, covering everything from cybersecurity and passive data aggression, to fundraising for start-ups and deep learning to optimise human error. The final panel of this conference brings together five top experts to investigate the ups and downs of AI integration into our and development, trends to look out for, and

development of this new technology surges

pitfalls to avoid.

从企业机器学习算法到基于区块链的Web3.0

透到日常生活中,伦理问题应予以考虑。 考

,AIBC峰会涵盖了商业和新兴技术领域的所有

虑到计算能力的指数级增长和人工智能系统的

热门话题。

强大,一个合乎道德的人工智能战略是十分可 取的。

的话题要谈,以至于一个上午肯定无法涵盖所

随着我们与Earle G. Hall一起探讨下一波企业

有内容。但我们已经召集了人工智能、加密货

生产力的浪潮,智能自动化也被提上了议事日

币经济和区块链商业领域的一些最优秀的演讲

程。随着人工智能无限的应用,愿景与行动之

者,他们会竭尽所能地阐述自己的观点。

间的差距将会越来越小。工作场所自治过程的 下一步是什么? 请在上午的这个主题演讲中寻 找答案。

领军人物,旨在探索机器人和人类关系的现状

还有大量不应忽略的对话需要倾听,从网络安

和未来。我们正被吸引到与科技产品的新型关

全和被动的数据攻击,到为初创企业筹集资

系中,但您能与机器建立什么样的关系呢? 夏

金,再到深度学习以优化人为错误。

基说“这很复杂”,但在他上午所作的主题演 讲中,他会解释原因。

Issue 3

to get much narrower with AI’s limitless

daily lives, with a discussion on research

活动中最受欢迎的人物,他是人工智能领域的

26

between ambition and execution is set

the ethical implications to be considered as

诺埃尔·夏基(Noel Sharkey)教授是我们五月

Yorick Wilkes, Computer Scientist

productivity with Earle G. Hall. The gap

Angelo Dalli continues the theme of AI and

在谈到商业和新兴技术的未来时,我们有太多

Tim Draper, Founder - Draper Associates

as we look into the next wave of enterprise

这次会议的最后一个小组汇集了五位顶尖专 家,来共同调查人工智能融入我们日常生活的

安杰洛·达利(Angelo Dalli)会继续讲述人工

点点滴滴,同时讨论如何研究与开发、需要注

智能的主题。随着这项新技术的飞速发展并渗

意的趋势和需要避免的陷阱。


WHAT TO EXPECT 内容提要

8th Nov - Intercontinental, Malta Truly transformative solutions to large-scale

a secure, a peer-to-peer mechanism for

problems are created when different people

verifying information. This meeting of minds

are brought together to make what would

looks set to challenge our understanding of

otherwise be considered unusual connections.

how the world works, and how the future will

The final conference at our winter edition

level the playing field.

Conference 4 The Innovation Edge 第四次大会—— 创新优势

of the AIBC Summit takes a deep dive into the world-changing applications of AI and

On a similar note, the process of banking the

blockchain technology.

unbanked continues to bring equality and

First up is a look at the opposing nature of traditional finance systems and the new decentralised, high-speed money transfer market. Blockchain is revolutionising the payment space as transaction protocols and intermediaries like Swift, Visa and Mastercard begin to feel the heat. As entrants with new operational models hit the market, we find out where this leaves traditional finance.

opportunity to the world’s disadvantaged populations. This is one of the most important issues for huge swathes of the planet’s 7.5 billion residents, so many of

Akon, Chairman & Co-Founder - Akoin

whom will be given new focus on joining the 21st century as identity, finance, and business converge in the DLT space. It’s a future that brings hope to many millions of people who are often stuck in a loop of institutional indifference.

Later the discussion moves to emerging economies, and a panel of leaders in

With other panels and keynotes looking

the space talk about the opportunities

at democracy, DAOs, the job market, and

blockchain presents for balancing the

how blockchain will promote change and

equality of information in the DLT era.

empowerment of the people, this afternoon

Developing countries like India, Kenya and

of hot debate looks set to be a heated affair.

others in East Africa are discovering an array

Dive right in and see what you agree or

of applications for blockchain that promises

disagree with.

Dimitri de Jonghe, Co-Founder, Head of Product & Research Ocean Protocol

Ran Neuner, Founder & CEO - Onchain Capital

当不同的人聚集在一起,形成不寻常的联系

望建立一个安全的点对点信息核实机制。 这次

时,就产生了解决大规模问题的真正变革性的

会议看来将挑战我们对世界如何运作以及未来

解决方案。在冬季AIBC峰会的最后一次大会

将如何公平竞争的理解。

上,我们深入探讨了人工智能和区块链技术不 断变化的应用领域。

同样,无银行的银行业务进程继续为世界上处 于不利地位的人们带来平等和机会。对于地球

首先,我们来看看传统金融体系与新的去中心

上75亿居民中的大部分人来说,这是最重要的

化的高速货币转移市场的对立性质。区块链正

问题之一。随着身份,金融和商业在DLT领域的

在彻底改变支付领域,因为交易协议和中间机

融合,他们中的许多人将被重新关注以加入21

构如SWIFT、Visa和万事达卡都开始感受到压

世纪。 这是一个给数百万人带来希望的未来,

力。 随着新运营模式进入并冲击市场,我们发

这些人常常陷入体制冷漠的循环中。

现这给传统金融业带来了巨大影响。

Anthony Pompliano, Co Founder & Partner - Morgan Creek Digital

在其他小组讨论和主旨发言中,讨论了民

随后,讨论转移到了新兴经济体,一个区域领

主、DAOs、就业市场以及区块链将如何促进变

导小组讨论了区块链为平衡DLT时代的信息平等

革和赋权于人民,今天下午的激烈辩论看来将

所带来的机遇。 印度,肯尼亚和东非的其他发

会造成轰动。 深入现场,看看那些您赞同或反

展中国家正在开发一系列区块链应用程序,有

对的观点吧。

Simona Pop, Co-Founder - Bounties Network

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 27


What the VIPS had to say 如今注定是令科技界激动的无眠之夜。马

THERE’S A LOT KEEPING THE TECH WORLD UP AT NIGHT RIGHT NOW. SIX OF OUR TOP SPEAKERS FROM THE MAY EDITION OF THE MALTA AI AND BLOCKCHAIN SUMMIT OFFER THEIR INSIGHT.

brock pierce

耳他人工智能和区块链五月峰会的六位顶 尖演讲者分享了他们的见解。

“ “

David Gunkel

THE CHANGING NATURE OF THE CRYPTO MARKETS

THE CHALLENGES PRESENTED BY ADVANCING ROBOTICS

加密货币市场不断变化的本质

推进机器人技术所带来的挑战

“In 2017 the cockroaches came out, the market was

“The robots that we are developing, the digital system and everything else

infected and we had all of the wrong people doing things

we are familiar with, are pushing on those boundaries asking us to describe

for the wrong reasons. We had to go through these bear

a social status that is a little different from what we used to - this eventually

markets, which I think of as a purge.

impinges on legal questions – do you recognise a robot as a person?

“I choose to define my success as the impact I’m having in

“If you make these devices like social robots that come into our homes and

the world, how many lives I positively impact. Figure out

we have social relationships with – what is their status? They’re not quite a

in life what it is you’re passionate about, what it is your

thing; they’re not quite a person, who’s liable? We don’t have a lot of examples

good at, and what the world needs. If you’re doing what

of things in our world that have that in-between kind of status. The question

you’re good at and what you love, you’re going to be very

is whether we can always tie liability and accountability to a human being

successful at it and wealth will be a by-product of that.”

when you have machines enabling independent decision making.”

“2017年出现了几只蟑螂,结果整个市场反应过度,错误的人

“我们正在开发的机器人、我们所熟悉的数字系统和其他一切技术正在打破这些

出于错误的原因而做了错误的事。然后我们不得不经历这些熊

界限,要求我们定义一个不同以往的社会地位——这最终会延伸到法律问题:你

市。不过我认为这是一个清理和净化的过程。

认为机器人是人吗?

我将自己的成功定义为我对这个世界的影响,我积极地改变了

如果你让这些设备(比如社交机器人)进入我们的家庭,并与它们建立起社会关

许多人的生活。我们需要在生活中弄明白自己热爱什么、擅长

系——那它们的地位是什么?它们算不上一件东西,也算不上是人,责任谁来承

什么,以及世界需要什么。只要做自己擅长和喜欢的事情,你

担?在我们的世界中,我们很少遇到这种状态模棱两可的事物。问题是,当你拥

就能非常成功,而财富不过是此过程的副产品。”

有能够独立决策的机器时,我们是否总能将责任与人类联系起来。”

28

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


FEATURE 专题报道

Ben Goertzel

“ “

HOW AI CAN REVOLUTIONISE MODERN SOCIETY 人工智能如何变革现代社会

Noel Sharkey

FINDING THE RIGHT BALANCE BETWEEN AI AND HUMAN DECISION MAKING 在人工智能与人类决策之间找到适当的平衡点

“The complexity of modern society goes beyond the ability of any human being to comprehend or control, in this sense, AI could be much better at political and social decision making than human beings.

“We’re also seeing a massive problematic area of algorithmic decision making, where it’s becoming very apparent that its gender biased and racially biased. What

“Human beings will set the value systems and AIs will figure

we have at the moment is an evolving society, our norms

out how to optimise policy to achieve those specified values.

are changing.

Most nations on this planet are not very well configured to the value system of anyone at the moment, partly because of human greed and selfishness.

“We’ve changed a lot but unfortunately the data locked in our internet is not changing and that’s what we’re using to train these systems. AI can work really well a lot of the time,

“This is the beginning of an AI revolution. We are going to

but when it makes a mistake, boy does it make a mistake.

usher in a new era where AIs and humans live together

It goes right off the rails. So, I want human deliberation on

peacefully. This is where I think blockchain can play a key role –

those kinds of decisions (such as for medical care). In the

providing a more decentralised, democratic, and participatory

political sphere, I worry it could destroy our democracy not

framework, where AI is guided by everyone who is putting data

save it, because we’ve seen all the stuff with fake news,

in it and using it. This can lead to a more beneficial transition to

we’ve seen the collection of Facebook data and how it can

super intelligence.”

be used to manipulate populations.”

“现代社会的复杂性超出了任何人的理解或控制能力,从这个意义

“我们也发现了算法决策中存在的诸多问题,很明显会与性别和种

上说,人工智能在政治和社会决策方面要比人类好得多。 人类负责设定价值体系,人工智能将找出优化政策的方式,以实现 这些指定的价值。这个星球上的大多数国家目前并没有成形的适合

族偏见相关。我们现在拥有的是一个在不断进化的社会,其习俗也 在不断改变。 虽然我们已经改善了很多,但是用来修整系统的数据却一直储存在

任何人的价值体系,部分原因在于人性的贪婪和自私。

互联网上且并没有改变。人工智能在大多数时候确实有效,但是当

这是人工智能革命的黎明。我们将迎来一个人工智能与人类和平共

离轨道。所以这种时候我们需要人类来审查这些决策,比如在医护

处的新时代。我认为区块链将在其中发挥关键作用——提供一个更 加分散、民主和广泛参与的框架,人工智能由每个输入数据并使用 它的人引导。这样就能更好地过渡到超级智能并造福更多的人。”

他们出现错误的时候(他们确实是会犯错误的),整个行程就会偏 行业的决策。在政治范围里,我担心人工智能会毁灭而不是拯救我 们的民主体系,因为我们已经看到了许多类似的事例,比如虚假新 闻,或者利用收集到的大量脸书上的信息来操控大众。”

Issue 3

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32

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


COVER STORY 封面故事

创新之岛 HAVING POSITIONED MALTA AS A LEADER IN BLOCKCHAIN AND DLT TECHNOLOGY, THE GOVERNMENT HAS LAUNCHED THE MALTA STRATEGY FOR ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF THE SPACE TASK FORCE, IS CURRENTLY DEVISING A SPACE STRATEGY FOR THIS TINY NATION IN THE MEDITERRANEAN - IT IS CLEAR THAT MALTA IS ENTERING A NEW ERA OF DIGITAL INNOVATION. THE JUNIOR MINISTER FOR FINANCIAL SERVICES, DIGITAL ECONOMY AND INNOVATION WITHIN THE OFFICE OF THE PRIME MINISTER OF MALTA SILVIO SCHEMBRI, SITS DOWN FOR AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW FOR THIS ISSUE’S COVER STORY. 随着马耳他成为区块链和DLT技术的先驱者,政府已针对人工智能推出了马 耳他战略,该国空间任务组制定了一项空间战略,很显然,马耳他正在进入 一个数字创新的新时代。 马耳他(Malta Silvio Schembri)总理府办公室内 的金融服务,数字经济与创新部副部长,对本期封面故事接受了专访。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 33


WHY HAS THE GOVERNMENT CHOSEN TO PURSUE

in the industry, which represents about 0.1% of

A DIGITAL FUTURE FOR MALTA?

our GDP, which is very minimal. The idea with this

If you look at the past four years we’ve been enjoying substantial economic growth, In order for the economy to be resilient to external shocks we have to continue to diversify and explore new niches to sustain our economic growth.

increase to 1% of our GDP - attracting more people to work in video games development. This continues to give more reasons to operators to continue to invest in

“ The proactiveness of this government, sends a significant message to companies in this sphere which are looking to operate from here ”

So for this reason we have delved into niche

Malta. The video games

economic areas. We started two years ago with

business model is structurally

blockchain and we’ve been attracting significant

different from iGaming. Game

investment to our island, not only in terms of

developers need industry-led

crypto but also in other areas of technological

and sector-specific expertise

developments. Now we’re seeing new development

and support to be able to grow.

in companies that are investing in technology and

Hence, after discussion with

coming here to work and operate from Malta. We’re

key stakeholders we sought

also seeing a spill-over effect, such as companies

to take significant educational

from the iGaming industry who are producing new

initiatives to sustain the

products supported by blockchain technology.

existent talent pool, cater

Given that we’ve been the first country to go into

for the needs of the industry

this direction, I would say that such companies feel

and make it easier for future

more comfortable working in Malta and expanding

generations to pursue a career

their operations since our framework is aimed at

in this thriving sector. The pro-

providing legal certainty. Therefore, instead of

activeness of this government

having a company operating in just the iGaming

to look into new areas, embrace new technology

industry, these companies are now operating in

and tread into unchartered territories where

ancillary activities, such as blockchain and AI.

other countries hesitate to go, sends a significant

ALSO CENTRAL TO THE GOVERNMENT’S VISION IS FOR THE ISLAND TO BECOME A CENTRAL HUB

34

strategy is that within a period of 10 years this will

message to companies in this sphere which are looking to operate from here.

FOR VIDEO GAME DEVELOPMENT AND ESPORTS...

We’ve also signed a MoU with one of the biggest

In May we launched our strategy on video games

eSports organisers – ESL and in October the

development and eSports – we currently have

first initiatives will be launched in Malta. By end

about 12 companies operating, including one AAA,

November we will be in a position to issue first

which is the highest level a company can reach. At

strategy in terms of initiatives such as educational

the moment there are about 200 people employed

programs, tax incentives, and schemes.

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


COVER STORY 封面故事

为什么马耳他政府选择追求数字化的未来? 如果你回顾一下过去四年,你会发现我们的经济一直在快 速增长。马耳他的经济在很大程度上是以服务业为基础 的,虽然具有多元化,但本国缺乏固定资本的实体投资。 为了将风险因素 降到最低,我们必须进一步拓展多元化, 为我们的经济增长创造更多的缓冲和弹性。 基于这个原因,我们深入研究了利基经济领域。两年前, 我们开始接触DLT和区块链,我们一直在大力吸引各类投 资, 不仅在加密技术方面,还包括其他技术发展领域。那 么,现在我们发现了来马投资的新企业中,投资研发技术 并在此运营的公司越来越多。我们也看到了溢出效应,例 如来自iGaming行业的公司正在生产受区块链技术支持的 新产品。 由于我们是第一个朝着这个方向发展的国家,我想说,这 些 公司在马耳他工作和发展业务时会感到更安全,因为 我们框架的宗旨是要为这一领域的经营者提供法律上的支 撑。因此,这些公司不再仅仅限于开发iGaming行业,而 是从事三产活动,如区块链和人工智能。 政府愿景的核心也是让马岛成为电子游戏开发和电子竞技 的中心枢纽…… 今年5月,我们启动了有关视频游戏开发和电子竞技的战 略-我们目前大约有12家公司在运营,其中包括一家AAA公 司,这是一家可以达到同行业最高水平的电竞公司。目前 该行业约有200名从业人士,约占国内生产总值的0.1%, 这是非常少的。这一战略的理念是,在10年内,这将增加 到我们国内生产总值的1%——吸引更多的人从事视频游 戏开发。 这将保持运营商有更多理由继续在马耳他投资。电子游戏 的商业模式在结构上不同于iGaming。游戏开发商需要行 业主导和特定行业的专业知识和支持才能发展。因此,在 与主要利益相关者进行讨论之后,我们寻求采取重要的教 育举措来维持现有的人才库,以满足行业的需求,并使子 孙后代在这个蓬勃发展的行业中更容易定位自己的职业规 划。本届政府积极探索新领域,采用新技术涉足其他国家 犹豫不决的未知领域,这向该领域中希望在此开展业务的 公司发出了重要信号。 我们还与最大的电子竞技组织者之一ESL签署了谅解备忘 录,并且首批政策将于10月在马耳他启动。 到11月底, 我们将根据教育计划,税收优惠和政策指引发布第一个战 略措施。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 35


IS MALTA’S INFRASTRUCTURE EQUIPPED TO HANDLE

WILL WE HAVE A NATIONAL BLOCKCHAIN OR WILL A

INNOVATION-DRIVEN GROWTH?

DIFFERENT BLOCKCHAIN EXIST FOR EACH FIELD?

It’s a very valid concern, and it’s a reality. In Malta the

This is something we’re still analysing. On a European level, the

population has increased significantly in a very short amount

European commission has issued a tender to have a European

of time, it’s the highest population growth in Europe.

platform, so depending on that result, we’ll analyse whether it’s more viable for us to ride on that platform or have our own

That is why two years ago we launched a program to change

platform. At the moment what we’re doing is building our own

the physical infrastructure. We’ll be implementing a number of

systems which can plug into other already public or private

improvements, including widening of roads, as well as looking

blockchains and eventually

at other ideas, such as making deliveries through drones.

we can analyse whether to

We’re investing in a new telecom cable between Malta and Gozo, which is being built as we speak and we have a tender

keep them that way or have a separate blockchain.

for a cable between Malta and Marseille, with the possibility of

ALTHOUGH IT’S EARLY

investing in another cable between Libya and Malta - so that

DAYS YET – WHAT IS THE

Malta can act as a connectivity hub between Europe and Africa.

GOVERNMENT’S LONG-

In terms of digital infrastructure we’re seeking to continue strengthening this aspect. We have in fact launched our

TERM VISION FOR A SPACE STRATEGY?

cybersecurity campaign and a new scheme for the private

We’re already in discussions

sector called B Secure, where private entities can apply for

with at least two European

this fund and have their system checked by a private company

countries which have put

free of charge, with an initial report provided to that company

a lot of investment into

to show the loopholes and where they need to invest in order

this area and we have

to protect against cyber attacks.

already identified a very

“ We have also set up Tech MT, which will promote all tech advancements and initiatives in the tech industry ”

interesting project to be implemented here in Malta. Hopefully We can see a huge amount of investment in terms of tech

we will sign this agreement next month and that will take us into

advancement, such as that being done by the MFSA. The

the movement of space activities. This year we launched the

newly set up registry of companies, now known as the Malta

Space Task Force, which has the responsibility to devise a space

Business Registry, will be fully operational on blockchain and AI by the end of this year. We have also set up a new promotional entity - Tech MT, which will promote all tech advancements and initiatives in the tech industry, from AI to blockchain and other emerging tech.

Here we’re not looking at the economical and research aspect of space, rather at things such as the registration of satellites, space mining, the registration of companies investing in space mining, and in terms of research from data used in satellites. That

YOU MENTIONED THE REGISTRY OF COMPANIES WHICH

is the commercialisation aspect of space.

WILL BE OPERATIONAL ON THE BLOCKCHAIN BY THE END

LET’S TALK ABOUT AI AND MALTA’S NATIONAL STRATEGY

OF THE YEAR, ARE THERE PLANS TO SET UP ANY MORE

– A PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON ETHICS GUIDELINES WAS

GOVERNMENT SERVICES ON THE BLOCKCHAIN?

LAUNCHED RECENTLY, WHAT ARE THE MAIN OBJECTIVES

Yes, every registry is being analysed to be put on the

36

strategy including a regulatory framework to regulate the arena.

GOVERNING THIS?

blockchain. We have currently started by putting education

The Malta Ethical AI framework was up for public consultation

certificates on the blockchain. Reformed rent laws will also

and was developed based on four objectives, namely; a human

require the registry of rents on the blockchain. By being

centric approach, respect for all the applicable laws and

registered using distributed ledger technologies, the contracts

regulations, human rights, and democratic values, to maximise

will be protected against tampering and only those authorised

the benefits of AI systems while preventing and minimising

will have access to them. We plan to tackle Identity and health

risks, and finally to be aligned with emerging international

records, and tax next.

standards and norms around AI ethics.

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


COVER STORY 封面故事

马耳他的基础设施是否具备应对创新驱动型增长

租金法律还将要求在区块链上对租金进行登记。通

的能力?

过使用分布式分类计帐技术进行注册,可以保护合

这是一个非常合理的问题,也是一个现实。在马耳 ,人口在很短的时间内显著增长,是欧洲人口增长

同不被篡改,并且只有授权的人才能访问它们。 我们计划处理身份和健康记录,然后再征税。

率最高的国家。

我们会设立一个国家级别的区块链还是每个不同的

这就是为什么两年前我们启动了一个计划来改变现

领域都分设不同的区块链?

实的基础设施。我们将实施一系列改进,包括拓宽 道路,以及考虑其他想法,例如通过无人机送货。

我们仍然在分析这个问题。在欧洲范围内,欧盟委 员会 (European Commission)已经发布了一份

我们正在投资在马耳他和戈佐之间的一条新的电信

建立欧洲平台的招标书,因此,根据这一结果,我

电缆,这条电缆正在建设中,我们正在投标马耳他

们将分析是否直接使用该平台还是设立自己的平台

和马赛之间的一条电缆,有可能投资另一条连接利

更为可行。目前,我们正在构建自己的系统,该

比亚和马耳他的电缆,使马耳他成为欧洲和非洲之

系统可以插入其他已经公开或私有的区块链中,

间的连接枢纽。

最终我们可以分析是保持这种方式还是拥有单独

在数字基础设施方面,我们正在寻求继续加强这 方 面的工作。事实上,我们已经发起了我们的 网络 安全运动,并为私营部门制定了一个名为B secure 的新计划,在该计划中,私营实体可以申 请这笔基金,并由一家私营公司免费检查其系统,

“我们同时设立了 Tech MT,这将进 一步提高技术行业 中的所有技术和计 划的前进步伐”

的区块链。 虽然现在还为时过早,但政府对太空战略的长期愿 景是什么? 我们已经和至少两个欧洲国家进行了讨论,他们在

并向该公司提供初步

这个领域投入了大量的投资,我们已经确定了一个

报告,以显示漏洞以

非常有趣的项目将在马耳他实施。希望我们下个月

及他们需要进行投资

能签署这项协议,这将使我们参与太空活动。今

的地方,以防御网络

年,我们成立了空间工作队,该工作队有责任制定

攻击。

一项空间战略,包括一个规范竞技场的管理框架。

我们可以看到在技术 提高方面有大量的投 资,例如MFSA所做的 投资。新成立的公司

注册处(现称为马耳他商业注册处)将于今年年底 使用区块链和人工智能领域全面操作。我们还建立 了一个新的促销实体-Tech MT,它将促进从人工智 能到区块链和其他新兴技术的技术行业中的所有技 术进步和计划。 您提到公司注册将于今年年底使用区块链技术,政 府是否在其它政务服务领域引用区块链技术?

在这里,我们不是着眼于空间的经济和研究方面, 而是着眼于诸如卫星注册、空间采矿、投资于空间 采矿的公司注册,以及从卫星使用的数据中进行研 究。这就是空间的商业化方面。 让我们来谈谈人工智能和马耳他的国家战略——最 近发起了一项关于道德准则的公共咨询,主要目 标是什么? 马耳他道德人工智能框架目前正在接受公众咨询, 是根据四个目标制定的,即:以人为本、尊重所有 适用的法律法规、人权和民主价值观,最大限度地 发挥人工智能系统的效益,同时预防和最小化风

是的,每一个注册都将被分析放在区块链上。我们

险,最后与围绕人工智能伦理的新兴国际标准和规

目前已经开始将教育证书放在区块链上。改革后的

范保持一致。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 37


38

| #AIBCsummit

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COVER STORY 封面故事

“ Having a framework on ethical and trustworthy AI is crucial as this will serve as guidance in the creation of trustworthy AI projects ”

Having a framework on ethical and

USING IOT TECHNOLOGY TO OPTIMISE

trustworthy AI is crucial as this will

PUBLIC SERVICES IS ALSO SOMETHING THE

serve as guidance in the creation of

GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN INVESTING HEAVILY

trustworthy AI projects, but most

IN, WHAT PROJECTS DO YOU HAVE LINED UP?

importantly it will play a crucial part in

I see IoT as a medium for bringing tech closer

instilling trust amongst the public. It

to the people. We’ve launched initiatives with

is these solid foundations, which will

Vodafone, having recently signed a MOU. Our first

eventually lead us to the certification

project was to implement intelligent bins, which

of AI-related projects. The Malta AI

communicate with the constructor when 70% full,

Taskforce has been doing sterling

alerting them if there’s a problem such as fire or

work in drafting Malta’s National AI

flooding– this will increase efficiency and reduce

Strategy which is aimed at putting

people traffic.

Malta amongst the 10 nations in the

There is also another project that is going to be

world to have a strategy likely to

implemented in Luqa for smart parking, where a

impact every sector we know today.

free app would let parkers know where there is an empty parking space. This will then be expanded

Towards the end of the year we’ll also make public the regulatory

framework, to attract AI companies to Malta

to other localities around Malta. We believe our continued efforts in this sphere will cement Malta its earned nickname as the

and to have internal operations operating on AI.

Blockchain Island. It will put us at the forefront

This is also how we’re working in terms of digital

of this digital transformation we have embarked

structure - because it will continue to modernise

upon, as well as a hub for innovation and creativity,

how we provide services as a country, allowing us

making Malta the ultimate jurisdiction of choice.

to be more avant-guard in this sphere.

The future is an exciting one and it is digital.

有一个关于道德和可信赖人工智能的框架是至关重要的,因为这将 作为创建可信赖人工智能项目的指导,但最重要的是,它将在向公 众灌输信任方面发挥关键作用。正是通过这些坚实的基础,最终将 引导我们获得人工智能相关项目的认证。马耳他人工智能工作组在 起草马耳他国家人工智能战略方面做了出色的工作,该战略旨在使

“拥有道德和可信赖的AI框架 至关重要,因为这将为创建可 信的人工智能项目提供指导”

马耳他跻身于世界10个国家之列,从而制定出一项可能影响我们今 天所知的每一个部门的战略。

目是实现智能垃圾箱,当70%的垃圾装满时,智能垃圾箱会与施工 方进行通信,如果出现火灾或洪水等问题,会向施工方发出警报,

年底前,我们还将公布监管框架,吸引人工智能公司到马耳他,并

这将提高效率,减少人员流量。

在人工智能上开展内部业务。这也是我们在数字结构方面的工作方 式,因为它将继续使我们作为一个国家提供服务的方式现代化,让 我们在这一领域更加前卫。 利用物联网技术优化公共服务也是政府一直在大力投资的项目,你 已经安排了哪些项目?

还有另一个项目将在luqa实施,用于智能停车,一个免费的应用程 序将让停车者知道哪里有空位。这将扩大到马耳他周边的其他地 方。 我们相信,我们在这一领域的持续努力将巩固马耳他作为区块链岛 屿的得名。它将使我们站在我们已经开始的数字化转型的前沿,同

我认为物联网是一种让技术更贴近人们的媒介。我们最近与沃达丰

时成为创新和创造力的中心,使马耳他成为我们选择的最终管辖

签署了一份谅解备忘录,并与沃达丰展开了合作。我们的第一个项

地。未来是令人兴奋的,而且是数字化的。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 39


MALTA FINANCE: RISK ON OR OFF? 马耳他金融: 追逐风险还是规避风险? WHAT INITIATIVES ARE MALTA’S FINANCIAL AUTHORITIES PURSUING AS THE COUNTRY’S FINANCIAL LANDSCAPE FACES THE PROSPECT OF DISRUPTION? CHRISTOPHER ATTARD CAUGHT UP WITH THE MFSA’S CHIEF STRATEGY OFFICER, DR. CHRISTOPHER BUTTIGIEG, TO GET THE LOWDOWN ON THIS FRONT.

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马耳他的金融格局面临崩溃的前景, 该国金融当局采取了哪些举措?克 里斯托弗·阿塔德Christopher Attard 采访了马耳他金融服务管理局MFSA 的首席战略官克里斯托弗·巴蒂耶 Christopher Buttigieg博士,以了解 这方面的举措。


Q&A 问答

REGULATION IS OFTEN TOUTED AS A

监管经常被吹嘘为一种不可避免的罪恶。在保

NECESSARY EVIL. HOW DOES ONE REGULATE

持足够灵活以跟上前沿创新的同时,如何进行

WHILE STILL BEING NIMBLE ENOUGH TO KEEP UP

监管?

WITH CUTTING-EDGE INNOVATION?

监管是维护市场诚信和金融稳定、保护消费者

Regulation is a tool to safeguard market integrity

的工具。监管也提供了法律确定性,从而确保

and financial stability and to protect consumers.

可持续的经济增长。这对服务提供商来说是有

Regulation also provides legal certainty thereby ensuring sustainable economic growth. This is advantageous both for service providers, given that the regulatory environment that they operate in remains constant; and for consumers, as regulation provides for their protection. Another important aspect of regulation is enforcement, given that

利的,因为它们所处的监管环境是固定的;对 于消费者而言也是有利的,因为监管为他们提 供了保护。监管的另一个重要方面是执法,因 为监管行动可以作为对未来的错误行为的威 慑。管理一个不断发展的部门可能非常具有挑 战性:然而,作为一个管辖区,马耳他正在采

regulatory action acts as a deterrent against future

取积极主动的做法,颁布了技术中立和以相关

wrong-doing. Regulating a constantly evolving

原则为基础的立法文书,然后又在马耳他金融服

sector may prove to be challenging: however, as a

务管理局(MFSA)发布的规则中提供更多细

jurisdiction, Malta is taking a proactive approach

节和详情。

by promulgating legislative instruments which are technology-neutral and principles-based. Further

虽然监管理所当然是MFSA的主要工作重点,

detail and granularity is then provided within rules

但是否还有其他包括吸引外国直接投资方面的

issued by the MFSA.

作用呢?

WHILE REGULATION IS JUSTIFIABLY THE MAIN

促进马耳他成为一个国际金融服务中心并不是

FOCUS OF THE MFSA, IS THERE ANY ADDITIONAL

MFSA的职责,而是马耳他金融(Finance Malta)的

ROLE THAT INCLUDES ATTRACTING FOREIGN

职责,一个专门为此目的设立的一个公私合伙

DIRECT INVESTMENT INTO THE COUNTRY?

企业。在这方面,管理局目前正在制定一份战

It is not the role of the MFSA to promote Malta as an international financial services centre – this falls

略文件,详细说明我们加强监督参与的计划。 高标准的管理和监督使得一个管辖区对认真的

under Finance Malta, a public private partnership

经营者具有吸引力。因此,马耳他必须继续提

set up specifically for this purpose. In this respect,

高标准,以便继续作为金融服务的首选管辖区

the Authority is currently working on a strategy

之一。例如为此,在VFA框架下,马耳他提出

document which will detail our plans to enhance

了超出欧盟第五项反洗钱指令的要求。

supervisory engagement. High standards of regulation and supervision make a jurisdiction attractive for serious operators – in this light it is important that Malta continues to raise the bar in order to remain a jurisdiction of choice for financial services. To this effect, under the VFA framework, for example, Malta has imposed requirements which go beyond the EU’s Fifth AML Directive.

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 41


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Issue 3

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Q&A 问答

MALTA HAS BEEN PROACTIVE IN EXPANDING ITS REGULATORY

shall be working to improve the quality of licensed entities’ boards

FRAMEWORK. WHICH SECTORS AND CONCEPTS ARE YOU

and raise the bar for Corporate Service providers.

CURRENTLY LOOKING INTO AND WHY? As you are aware, the Authority’s main regulatory initiative for 2018 was the promulgation of the VFA Framework, with the first VFA Agents being registered in May this year. The registration of the first VFA Agents lead to the MFSA being in a position to start accepting and considering applications for VFA Services Licences. It is expected that the first VFA service providers are licensed in the coming months. Complementary to the VFA regime, the Authority has recently issued a Consultation Document on Security Token Offerings. This document

“ Malta is taking a proactive approach by promulgating legislative instruments which are technology-neutral and principles-based ”

is the first step of an overarching capital markets strategy and seeks stakeholders’ views on a policy which promotes innovation and the use of technology in the financial services sector whilst safeguarding investors, financial integrity and stability. Furthermore, the MFSA is also working on the implementation of its FinTech Strategy. Pillar 1 thereof,

A HARMONISED EUROPEAN TAX SYSTEM WOULD ARGUABLY HAVE A DEVASTATING EFFECT ON MALTA’S COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE. WHAT’S YOUR POSITION ON THIS?

which has been issued for consultation last month, focuses on how the

Whilst taxation per se does not fall within the Authority’s remit, one

Authority is seeking to adopt regulatory and supervisory initiatives to

may safely state that Malta’s competitiveness is not solely dependent

support innovation and improve regulatory efficiency. In light of both consultation documents, readers can expect regulatory developments to take place in the coming months.

on its corporate tax system – there are other factors which make Malta an attractive jurisdiction for financial services operators, such as the fact that instruments promulgating regulatory frameworks are drafted

As stated in Vision 2021, the Authority aims to pre-empt poor conduct

in the English language, as well as the current push to raise standards

to minimise wrong-doing. In this regard, going forward, the Authority

with regard to financial supervision, particularly in the field of AML/CFT.

马耳他一直在积极扩大其监管框架。你们目前正在调查哪些行业和理念?

意见,包括对促进金融服务领域创新和技术使用的政策的看法,以及对保

为什么?

护投资者、金融稳健性和稳定性的意见。此外,MFSA还在努力实施其金

如您所知,管理局2018年的主要监管举措是颁布了VFA框架,第一批VFA 代理商已于今年5月注册。第一批VFA代理商的注册,使MFSA能够开始接 受并考虑VFA服务牌照的申请。预计第一批VFA服务提供商将在未来几个月 内获得许可。

融科技(FinTech)战略。上个月已经发布以供咨询的Pillar 1侧重于管理局 如何寻求采取管理和监督举措来支持创新,并提高监管效率。根据这两份 咨询文件,读者们可以预见相关监管工作的开展将于未来几个月内进行。 如《2021年愿景》中所述,管理局旨在预防不当的举措,以尽量减少错误 行为。在这方面,管理局未来将努力提高许可实体董事会的质量,并提高

“马耳他正在采取积极主动的 做法,颁布了技术中立和以相 关原则为基础的立法文书”

企业服务提供商的标准。 统一的欧洲税收制度可能会对马耳他的竞争优势产生破坏性影响,您对此 有何看法? 虽然税收本身不属于管理局的职权范围,但可以负责任地说,马耳他的竞争 力不仅仅依赖于其企业税收制度,还有其他因素使得马耳他成为一个对金融

作为对VFA制度的补充,管理局最近发布了一份关于证券代币发行的咨询

服务运营商具有吸引力的管辖区。例如颁布以英文起草的监管框架,以及目

文件,这个文件是全面资本市场战略的第一步,另外,还寻求利益相关者的

前努力提高金融监管标准,特别是在反洗钱/打击恐怖融资领域。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 43


THE ECB IS SET TO RESTART THE CASH PRINTING PRESS FOR

technology whilst at the same time safeguarding investors and the

YET ANOTHER MONETARY STIMULUS. MEANWHILE, BITCOIN’S

stability and integrity of financial markets. By virtue of this policy we

FIXED SUPPLY BECOMES EVER-MORE INTERESTING FOR PEOPLE

are once again striving to be at the forefront of financial services

DISILLUSIONED BY TODAY’S DEVALUED FIAT CURRENCIES. WHAT

regulation. That being stated, the STO policy is just one part of an

ARE YOUR THOUGHTS ON THIS?

overarching strategy to take our capital markets to the next level.

Whilst we are aware that the popularity of crypto assets is increasing – and this is one of the reasons behind last year’s regulatory initiative - it is still too early to predict whether such assets will pose a tangible challenge to fiat currencies. THE 2008 FINANCIAL CRASH WAS OVER A DECADE AGO, SUGGESTING THE POSSIBILITY OF ANOTHER DOWNTURN. HOW IS MALTA POSITIONED WITH REGARDS TO ANOTHER POSSIBLE

“ It is still too early to predict whether such assets will pose a tangible challenge to fiat currencies ”

CRASH IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY? The MFSA forms part of a Joint Financial Stability Board established by

FINANCIAL CRIME AND CYBERSECURITY GO HAND-IN-HAND.

the Central Bank of Malta Act. This Board is tasked with ensuring effective

WHICH INSTITUTIONS ARE MOST VULNERABLE AND HOW DO YOUR

cooperation between the Central Bank of Malta and the MFSA in the

EFFORTS AMPLIFY CONSUMER PROTECTION?

area of financial stability, including macro-prudential policy and, where relevant, micro-prudential instruments. It is also responsible for: [i] the formulation of policies to safeguard the stability of the financial system, [ii] to identify and assess macro-prudential instruments and where relevant, micro-prudential instruments required to be implemented to mitigate and control potential systemic and other risks to the financial system; and [iii] to give advice about whether and how an authority or public institution should act in respect of a credit or financial institution, where the issue appears to the JFSB to be relevant to the stability of the financial system. Recently, the CBM, in collaboration with the MFSA, following a recommendation by the JFSB issued borrower-based measures with the aim of strengthening the resilience of lenders and borrowers against the potential build-up of vulnerabilities stemming from the real estate market. THE MFSA ISSUED A CONSULTATION PAPER ON STOS EARLIER THIS YEAR. WHAT ARE THE ULTIMATE GOALS HERE AND BY WHAT MEANS WILL THE MFSA MAKE THEM A REALITY?

It is the Authority’s primary aim to safeguard the integrity and soundness of Malta’s financial services sector, as well as to protect consumers of such services. Given that literally any entity may be used for illicit purposes, it is not possible to pinpoint a category or class of entities which is more susceptible to financial crime than others. This year, the Authority has published its AML and CFT Strategy which sets out how AML and CFT supervision has been fused into the conduct and prudential supervisory framework, and how the Authority intends to enhance its AML and CFT supervision. In this light, the Authority has recently set up a Financial Crime Compliance Function within the Supervision Directorate and has also engaged an international team of experts to boost resources and expertise in the area. With respect to cyber security, the MFSA is in the process of setting up a Supervisory ICT Risk and Cyber Security Function which will be housed within the Supervision Directorate. Furthermore, the Authority has, this year, published Guidance Notes to this effect. These changes and more will, in the end, lead to higher standards of regulation and supervision,

As stated above, the STO Consultation seeks stakeholders’ views

which are fundamental to continue strengthening Malta’s position as a

on a proposed policy for STOs which promotes the use of innovative

jurisdiction of choice for financial services.

44

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


Q&A 问答

欧洲央行准备重启印钞机,推出又一项货币刺

金融犯罪和网络安全息息相关。哪些机构最容

激措施。与此同时,对当前贬值的法定货币感

易受到这方面的影响?你们如何加强对消费者

到失望的人们,对比特币的固定供应更加感兴

的保护?

趣。您对此有何看法?

管理局的主要目标是维护马耳他金融服务部门

虽然我们知道加密资产的普及程度正在增加,

的完整性和稳健性,并保护这些服务的消费

这也是去年监管倡议背后的原因之一,但是现

者。实际上任何实体都可能被用于非法目的,

在就判断这些资产是否会对法定货币构成切实

因此不可能确定哪一类实体比其他实体更容易

挑战还为时尚早。

受到金融犯罪的影响。今年,管理局公布了反

2008年的金融危机已经过去了十多年,有迹象 表明可能会再次出现经济衰退。马耳他如何应 对全球经济可能出现的又一次崩溃?

洗钱和打击恐怖融资战略,阐述了反洗钱和打 击恐怖融资监管是如何融入具体实施和审慎监 管框架的,以及管理局打算如何加强对反洗钱 和打击恐怖融资的监管。鉴于此,管理局最近

MFSA是由《马耳他中央银行法案》设立的联

在监督理事会内设立了金融犯罪监察职能部

合金融稳定委员会的一部分。该委员会的任务

门,并聘请了一个国际专家小组来增加这方面

是确保马耳他中央银行与MFSA在金融稳定领

的资源和专业知识。在网络安全方面,MFSA

域开展有效合作,包括宏观审慎政策和相关的

正在着手设立信息和通讯技术风险监察及网络

微观审慎工具。它还负责:[i]制定相关政策来

安全职能部门,该职能部门也将设立在监督理

保障金融体系稳定性,[ii]鉴别和评估宏观审

事会内。此外,管理局今年已就此发布了指导

慎工具,并在适当情况下,实施微观审慎工具

说明。这些变化以及其他更多变化最终将促成

以减轻和控制金融系统潜在的系统性风险和其

更高的管理和监督标准,这对于继续巩固马耳

他风险;[iii]当JFSB认为问题与金融体系的稳

他作为金融服务首选管辖区之一的地位至关

定性有关时,就当局或公共机构是否可以以及

重要。

如何就信贷或金融机构采取行动提供建议。最 近,CBM与MFSA合作,遵循JFSB的建议,发布 了基于借款方的措施,旨在加强贷款方和借款 方抵御房地产市场潜在的脆弱性累积的能力。

“现在就判断这些资产 是否会对法定货币构成 切实挑战还为时尚早” MFSA今年早些时候发布了一份关于STOs的咨 询文件,这份文件的最终目标是什么?MFSA将 以何种方式实现这一目标? 如上所述,STO咨询在寻求利益相关方对STO拟 议政策的意见,这些政策促进了创新技术的使 用,同时保护了投资者以及金融市场的稳定性 和完整性。凭借这一政策,我们再次努力走在 金融服务监管的最前沿。话虽如此,STO政策 只是将我们的资本市场提升到一个新水平的总 体战略的一部分。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 45


SAVE 46

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3

THE

DATES


CATAGORY

TOP SPEAKERS

AKON

CHAIRMAN & CO-FOUNDER AKOIN

IAN BALINA

BLOCKCHAIN INVESTOR & EVANGELIST

VIRGIL GRIFFITH

BOBBY LEE

SPECIAL PROJECTS -

CRYPTO ENTREPRENEUR

ETHEREUM FOUNDATION

ANTHONY POMPLIANO

YORICK WILKS

CO FOUNDER & PARTNER -

PROFESSOR OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE DEPARTMENT

MORGAN CREEK DIGITAL

OF COMPUTER SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD

AIBCSUMMIT.COM Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 47


48

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


FEATURE 专题报道

EMPOWERING THE FUTURE OF FINANCE 助力金融的未来

STORIES OF THE ILLEGAL USE OF CRYPTOCURRENCIES OFTEN DOMINATE HEADLINES AND INFLUENCE THE MAINSTREAM NARRATIVE. FEDERICA TACCOGNA, MANAGING DIRECTOR AT FTI CONSULTING AND STRATEGIC ADVISOR TO THE MFSA WRITES ABOUT HOW COMPLIANCE CAN BE ONE OF THE KEY ENABLERS TO CHANGE PERSPECTIVE.

C

非法使用加密货币的报道 往往占据新闻头条,影响 主流观点。FTI咨询公司董 事总经理兼MFSA战略顾问 Federica Taccogna撰文, 分析合规如何成为改变人们 观点的关键推手。

ryptocurrencies and the ecosystem surrounding them

加密货币及其生态系统很容易遭受金融犯罪

are as vulnerable to the threats of financial crime -

的威胁,如洗钱、恐怖主义融资、欺诈、诈

money laundering, terrorist financing, fraud, scams, and

骗和黑客攻击,但传统的金融工具和市场参

hacking attacks –as traditional financial instruments and market participants are.

与者也并非无懈可击。 与传统的ATM一样,加密货币ATM也可以被

Crypto ATMs can be exploited by money mules just as traditional

钱骡利用;犯罪分子越来越多地使用加密货

ATMs can; and crypto-to-crypto exchanges are increasingly used

币交易所,通过多个交易所将犯罪所得层层

by criminals who layer the proceeds of crime through a number of

转换为加密货币,然后在接受加密货币的供

them and then acquire (often extremely expensive) goods from vendors that accept cryptocurrencies.

应商那里购买(往往极其昂贵的)商品。 比特币已成为恶意基础设施的主要支付方

Bitcoin has become the primary means of payment for the infrastructure used to support espionage and state-driven hacking. The WannaCry ransomware attack requested that the ransom be paid using Bitcoins. Behind it was the North Korean Lazarus group, also responsible for the theft of USD 81 million from Bangladesh

式,用于支持间谍活动和政府主导的黑客攻 击。WannaCry勒索软件攻击要求使用比特币 支付赎金。其幕后黑手是朝鲜Lazarus集团, 他们曾从孟加拉国银行窃取8100万美元,在

Bank; the hacking of Sony Pictures Entertainment and numerous

对索尼影视娱乐的黑客攻击以及对国防、金

other intrusions on the defence, financial services, technology, and

融服务、技术和虚拟货币行业的众多其他入

virtual currency industries.

侵中,都有他们的身影。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 49


Recently, Al-Qassam Brigades,

be due to the relatively marginal

a wing of Hamas, launched a

role played by cryptoassets in the

fundraising campaign in Bitcoin

bigger financial services context. It

and the Russian hacking group

is not implausible to conclude that

Fancy Bear was found to have

as the role of cryptoassets grows,

stored illicit funds in a wallet in the

so will the desire and the ability for

cryptocurrency exchange BTC-e

criminals to exploit them.

(also a popular destination for funds belonging to a long list of Russian

In the mainstream narrative, this

criminals and cyber-criminals).

aspect – the ‘dangerous nature’ of cryptocurrencies – often receives

Cryptocurrencies can be used to

more attention than the potential

circumvent economic sanctions.

of the technology. The advent of

Some states have already made

change is hardly ever met with

an attempt at creating their very

full trust by the majority. Even

own, state-backed cryptocurrency (Venezuela’s Pedro) and with Russia and Iran reportedly working on similar endeavours, it is easy to see why there is growing concern. OFAC has also started to include

and immutability.

have an advantage. One of the

ecosystems that criminals are already exploiting.

main reasons why the traditional financial services has ‘allowed’ so much financial crime to happen has been the failure, on the part of markets participants, to understand how their business

The very aspects of

models and operations might

cryptocurrencies that make them

be exploited for financial crime.

attractive from a commercial point

Compliance and control happened

of view – such as pseudonymity

as an afterthought.

and ease of transfer - make them

Issue 3

decentralisation, pseudonymity,

However, crypto businesses might

reality, a presence in the financial

| #AIBCsummit

that challenges the rules with

sanctions list.

that cryptocurrencies are a

50

by way of disruptive technology

cryptocurrency addresses on its

These are symptoms of the fact

“ The advent of change is hardly ever met with full trust by the majority ”

more so when change comes

valuable tools for those looking to

Businesses in the crypto space

hide the proceeds of crime in the

can use lessons learnt from the

mainstream system, fund illicit

traditional financial services and

activities and distance themselves

build AML and financial crime

from criminal activity. Some, such

compliance and protection within

as privacy coins, are designed to

their models, from inception.

offer the very quality that money launderers seek.

Being associated, even involuntarily, with criminal activity,

Some have observed that the

may have catastrophic criminal

scale of illicit activity relating

and reputational consequences for

to cryptoassets is relatively low

a crypto business. Moreover, with

when compared to volumes in the

the tightening of regulation, crypto

traditional financial sector. Whilst

businesses now also face a higher

this is true, it is also very likely to

risk of regulatory action.


FEATURE 专题报道

It is clear that safely operating in the crypto

最近,哈马斯麾下的Al-Qassam

模式和运营会被怎样用于金融犯罪。合

space means, first of all, understanding

Brigades发起了比特币筹款活动,俄罗

规与管控是出现问题后才想到的对策。

vulnerabilities and assessing the risk

斯黑客组织Fancy Bear被发现将非法资

inherent in an endeavour or business model.

金存入加密货币交易所BTC-e(这也是众

The risks faced by crypto exchanges are

多俄罗斯线下和网络犯罪分子所钟爱的

not the same faced by those facilitating the

资金藏匿地)。

sale of tokens for an ICO, or by decentralised exchanges, or crypto ATMs. Building defences against financial crime then, means that firms (of any size and type), operating in this space, must understand where the funds behind the transactions they facilitate originate

加密货币领域的企业可以从一开始就吸 取传统金融服务中的经验教训,在其模 型中建立反洗钱以及金融犯罪合规和保 护制度。

加密货币可以用来规避经济制裁。一些 国家已尝试创造自己的由国家支持的 加密货币(委内瑞拉的Pedro)。据报 道,俄罗斯和伊朗也在进行类似的工 作,所以很容易理解为什么担忧越来越 多。OFAC(美国财政部海外资产控制办

与犯罪活动相关联,即使是非自愿的, 也会对加密货币企业造成灾难性的犯罪 和声誉后果。此外,随着监管的加强, 加密货币企业现在也面临更高的监管行 动风险。

公室)还开始将加密货币地址纳入其制

很明显,要想在加密货币领域安全运

fiat world, this process of knowing your

裁名单。

营,首先就要了解漏洞并评估事务或商

customer (KYC) and performing customer

这些都是加密货币存在于金融生态系统

from and ultimately, move to. In the

due diligence (CDD) is relatively easier (in theory at least, because failures, in

中并被犯罪分子利用的明证。

practice, have allowed incredible amounts

从商业角度来看,加密货币极具吸引

of illicit funds to flow through the system).

力,如匿名和便捷转账。因此,它们成

With cryptoassets, users can route funds

为了那些希望向主流系统隐藏犯罪收

through pseudonymous cryptocurrency

益、资助非法活动以及与犯罪分子保持

addresses that are not readily attributable to realworld identities. Only the use of specifically designed technology that can help identify these ‘paths’ and make KYC/ CDD in the crypto space are truly effective. Finally, crypto businesses must monitor

距离的人员的宝

“变革的出现 往往难以得 到多数人的 完全信任”

贵工具。一些货 币,如隐私币, 正是为洗钱者而 设计的。

业模式中固有的风险。加密货币交易所 面临的风险与推动ICO代币销售的交易所 或分散化交易所或加密货币ATM的风险 并不相同。 因此,要想防范金融犯罪,这个领域中 的公司(不论规模和类型)都必须了解 其促成的交易背后的资金初始来源和最 终去向。在法定货币的世界中,了解客 户(KYC)和执行客户尽职调查(CDD) 的流程相对简单(至少理论上讲很简 单,因为实践中的漏洞已使大量非法资 金流入系统)。在加密货币资产的世界

有些人认为,与

里,用户可以通过不归属于真实世界身

传统金融部门相

份的匿名加密货币地址来传送资金。只

比,与加密货币

有使用专门设计的技术才能真正有效地

资产相关的非法活动规模相对较低。这

识别这些“路径”并在加密货币领域实

a transaction in cryptoassets is different

是不争的事实,但更多是因为加密货币

现KYC/CDD。

from one in fiat. Traditional methods on

资产在庞大的金融服务环境中影响力还

transactional analysis will not work, unless

不够大。我们有理由相信:随着加密货

they are built upon and integrated with

币资产的影响越来越大,犯罪分子利用

chain analysis.

它们的欲望和能力也会随之增强。

To achieve control of and protection against

在主流媒体看来,加密货币的“危险

产中的交易与法定货币的交易不同。传

financial crime in the crypto ecosystem,

性”往往能比其技术潜力获得更多的关

统的交易分析方法不起作用,除非它们

it is important that all participants – from

注。变革的出现往往难以得到多数人的

在构建在连锁分析方法并与之集成。

regulators to established businesses,

完全信任。通过分散化、匿名化和不可

transactions to detect indicators of financial crime and trace flows of illicit funds. Once again, a concept identical to that applied to the fiat world. With the difference that

through to new entrants – are aware of the risks and come together to share information, shape regulation and controls

变性来挑战现有规则的颠覆性技术所带 来的变革更是如此。

最后,加密货币企业必须监控交易,以 检测金融犯罪迹象和追踪非法资金流 动。而这个概念与适用于法定货币世界 的概念是相通的。区别在于加密货币资

为了在加密货币生态系统中管控金融犯 罪并保护用户,所有参与者——从监管 机构到成熟企业,再到新进入者——都

and protect the industry from the risks

但加密货币企业也有优势。传统金融服

要意识到风险、共同分享信息、塑造监

without slowing down or constraining

务“容忍”这么多金融犯罪的主要原因

管、保护行业、抵御风险,不要减缓或

innovation but, rather, enhancing it.

之一在于市场参与者不知道他们的商业

限制创新,而要大力加强创新。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 51


BREAKING WITH TRADITION 打破传统

IVAN GOWAN, CEO AT CURRENCY.COM GIVES AN OVERVIEW OF HOW CURRENCY.COM IS ESTABLISHING AND HELPING TO DRIVE INNOVATION AS IT BRIDGES TRADITIONAL FINANCE AND BLOCKCHAIN THROUGH A REGULATED TOKENISED SECURITIES PLATFORM.

Gowan概述了在传统金融向区块 链的过渡过程中,currency.com 如何通过受监管的代币证券平台 建立并推动创新。

WHAT ARE YOU BRINGING THAT’S DIFFERENT TO EXISTING

soon. That list will be extending over time but I don’t think we’ll

CRYPTO EXCHANGES/TOKENISED SECURITIES EXCHANGES?

ever go as far as a company like Binance, with 2000 alt coins,

There has been a strange trend of crypto exchanges only really

some of which may or may not be around in 6 months.

offering a web-based trading platform. We put a huge amount of

CURRENCY.COM IS LICENSED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE

effort into our mobile app and we get really positive feedback - it’s

DECREE № 8 “ON DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL ECONOMY” IN

really highly rated in the App Store and Goolge Play Store. We’re really proud of the mobile app experience that we brought to trading community and I think we’re bringing the best in what’s

BELARUS. WHAT ELSE DOES BELARUS HAVE UP ITS SLEEVES WHEN IT COMES TO THE BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY SPACE?

being developed in mobile trading from more traditional trading

It’s really interesting how this has evolved and developed. We’ve

markets to crypto traders. I think that’s really powerful. There are

worked very closely with different jurisdictions that are trying

some great risk management tools, analytics, and insights that

to be interesting and at the forefront of regulation in this space.

can be gained from the mobile app – from your pocket.

Gibraltar and Malta have been doing some interesting stuff, I

CURRENTLY, THE PLATFORM ENABLES TRADING WITH BITCOIN AND ETHEREUM. DO YOU PLAN TO ADD MORE CRYPTOCURRENCIES AND WHICH ONES?

52

Currency.com的首席执行官Ivan

think Gibraltar is respected, somewhere that’s looked at this whole space for a long time. Minsk has established new legislation that has leapfrogged

Yes, we’re always working on that, we get a lot of demand in our

what was being done in Gibraltar. Gibraltar was the first to start

community for adding more and there’s obviously a fair bit of

looking at the ICO market and at cryptocurrencies when there

work involved in integrating with the different blockchains. We

wasn’t much classification, when there wasn’t much scrutiny or

launched support for LiteCoin recently and we’ll be looking to add

messaging coming out of the US about security tokens. Belarus

additional tokens to our ERC20 compatible integration. We’ve got

came slightly later but because of that had a broader awareness

Ripple quite high up in our pipeline, whilst Bitcoin Cash is coming

of where things were going to head with security tokens.

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


Q&A 问答

您的平台与现有加密货币交易平台/代币证券交易平台有什 么不同之处吗? 关于加密货币交易平台,一直有一种怪异的趋势,就是只 开发基于网页端的交易平台。我们在移动应用程序上投入 了大量精力,也得到了一些非常积极的反馈:该应用在App Store和Goolge Play上的评分都很高。能给交易社区带来 移动应用程序体验,我们感到非常自豪。从更传统的交易 市场到加密交易工具的移动端开发成果中,我认为我们做 到了最好。这个平台功能非常强大,只需从口袋中掏出手 机,打开应用,你就可以获得一些强大的风险管理工具, 以及分析和见解。 目前,该平台支持比特币和以太坊交易,您是否计划以后 添加更多加密货币种类呢?如果要添加,您打算添加哪些? 有这个计划,而且我们一直都在为之努力。在社区中,我 们也听到了很多关于添加更多加密货币种类的呼声,但显 然,要集成不同的区块链货币,还需要做很多工作。我们 最近新增了莱特币,以后还会添加更多的代币种类到我们 的符合ERC20标准的兼容集成系统中。瑞波币在我们的计 划前列,很快也会增加比特币现金。随着时间的推移,我 们的计划表也会不断扩展,但我认为我们不会像币安公司 (Binance)那样支持2000种代币,毕竟其中有些代币半年 以后是否还存在都说不准。 Currency.com是根据白俄罗斯第8号法令——《关于发展数 字经济》获得许可的,那在区块链技术领域,白俄罗斯还 有什么其他妙计吗? 区块链在白俄罗斯的引入和发展过程真的很有意思。我们和 各管辖区域的合作非常密切,这些管辖区域在试图引起人 们的关注的同时,也希望处于这个领域的监管前沿。直布 罗陀和马耳他一直以来都在做一些有趣的工作,我认为直 布罗陀是值得尊敬的,它长期以来一直在关注这整个领域。 明斯克制定了新的法律,直接超越了直布罗陀在这一领域 所做的工作。在区块链种类还不是很多的时候,在美国还 没有很多关于证券型代币的审查或消息的时候,直布罗陀 是第一个开始关注ICO市场和加密货币的地区。白俄罗斯引 入区块链的时间要稍晚一些,但正因为如此,白俄罗斯对关 于证券型代币可以应用在哪些领域的认识要更加广泛一些。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 53


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54

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Issue 3


Q&A 问答

“ We’ve worked very closely with different jurisdictions that are trying to be interesting and at the forefront of regulation in this space ”

There has been a lot of work done to encourage IT innovation to move from being a place that has the reputation of having good software engineering talent for outsourcing, to trying to develop itself more as a place where product companies are setting up and attracting more foreign investment. So for us it’s important to be regulated, it’s important to have that legitimacy and protection. But we’re very aware we want to be regulated in more jurisdictions, as those jurisdictions develop legislation that will govern what we’re offering our customers. WHAT WERE THE BIGGEST CHALLENGES YOU ENCOUNTERED AS YOU LAUNCHED? I think there are the usual challenges

for 3 years and some of that technology

those, you’re talking about a market that’s

underpins currency.com’s technology. The

measured in the hundreds of trillions. We

level of effort we’ve gone to, to create a very

see this as an opportunity for us to establish

engaging customer experience that looks

and help drive innovation in this crossover

great and provides reliable execution has

between traditional finance and blockchain.

been very challenging.

I think we will also see a broader adoption

WHAT TRENDS DO YOU THINK ARE IN LINE

of cryptocurrencies and I think we will

TO DISRUPT THE MARKET OVER THE NEXT

see regulators in the big financial sectors

COUPLE OF YEARS?

provide a lot more clarity. You’re going to see a massive shift in investment. It’s a space

of getting banking relationships, which is always hard in the crypto space. But

We believe the next waves of innovation in

that’s going to innovate over the next two

then I think it’s really important not to

the financial and fintech space is going to

years and that is going to be facilitated by

underestimate how much effort is involved

be in tokenising markets. The difference

increased clarity of regulation. I think that’s

in building a highly scalable exchange and

in size of the crypto market and financial

a good thing – we’ve seen some really bad

integrating with a broad range of traditional

securities market is absolutely enormous. If

examples of exchanges being set up and

markets and that’s something we’ve got

you look at the traditional securities market

private keys that are holding huge amounts

deep expertise in. We run the capital.

of the big investment banks and the big

of Bitcoin disappearing – and we’ve got to

com business which has been running

government issued bonds and derivatives of

put a stop to that.

“我们和各管辖区域的合作非常密切,这 些管辖区域在试图引起人们的关注的同 时,也希望处于这个领域的监管前沿”

白俄罗斯在鼓励IT领域创新方面做了很多努 力,旨在让IT领域从一个专注外包的拥有优秀 软件工程人才的领域,努力发展成一个构建大 量产品公司并吸引更多外国投资的领域。因 此,对我们来说,受监管很重要,拥有这类合 法性和保护很重要。我们清楚的知道我们需要 受到更多司法管辖区的监管,因为这些司法管

支撑currency.com的技术。我们付出巨大的努

是一个以数百万亿为单位的市场。我们把这看

辖区会制定相关法律,让我们为客户提供的服

力,为客户创造一种非常具有吸引力的客户体

作是一个机会,一个在传统金融向区块链转型

务有法可依。

验,让客户觉得很棒且操作可靠,这是非常具

临界点建设并推动创新的机会。

在推出该平台的过程中,您遇到的最大的挑战 是什么? 最常见的挑战应该就是和银行建立业务关系,

有挑战性的。 您认为在未来几年有可能阻碍该市场的趋势是 什么?

我认为加密货币会得到更加广泛的应用,且对 大型金融部门的监管也会更加透明。你会看到 投资领域发生巨大转变。在未来两年,该领域

这在加密领域一直都是个难题。但我觉得,建

我们认为金融和金融科技领域的下一波创新浪

会发生变革,逐步增加的监管透明性也会推动

立一个高度可扩展的交易平台以及集成众多的

潮会出现在代币市场中。加密货币市场和金融

该领域的发展,我认为这是一件好事。我们已

传统市场,也需要付出很大的努力,而这已经

证券市场之间的规模差异肯定很大。如果你说

经看到一些糟糕的交易所成立,以及控制大量

是我们非常擅长的领域了。我们的capital.com

的是大型投资银行的传统证券市场,以及政府

比特币的私钥消失的实例,我们必须制止这些

已经运营3年了,capital.com的一些技术也能

发行的大型债券及其衍生物,那你所谈论的就

情况的发生。 Issue 3

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“ We believe the next waves of innovation in the financial and fintech space is going to be in tokenising markets �

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I think the trend will be towards more decentralisation. The tech behind blockchain which is powering the exchanges is going to advance further to the point where people can trade on the exchange without having their assets stored on the exchange. That’s something we’re really interested in. WHAT’S THE NEXT STEP FOR THE CURRENCY.COM PLATFORM, WHAT

我认为趋势是更多的权力下放。为交易平台提供驱动力的区块 链背后的技术将进一步发展,实现人们可以在交易平台进行交 易而不必将资产存储在交易平台。这也是我们非常感兴趣的一 个方面。 currency.com平台的下一步计划是什么,在未来几年会新增哪

NEW SOLUTIONS CAN WE EXPECT IN THE COMING YEAR?

些解决方案?

The contract between currency.com and the customer is that we’re

currency.com和客户之间有一个约定,那就是无论什么时候客

guaranteeing to buy that token back at the future price that it’s trading

户想出售代币,我们都保证以期货价格回购那些代币。

at whenever they want to sell it.

我们现在考虑的是如何将客户的钱包列入白名单,以便让他们

What we’re looking at now is how we can white list client’s wallets to

之间可以直接转账,且我们知道转账双方是谁,这个是目前正

allow for direct transfers where we know both parties involved in the

在进行的一项工作。

transfer – that’s a work in progress at the moment. We’re also always increasing our range of market, we’ve launched government bonds on the blockchain, we’re going to increase the number of crypto we offer and trading on charts is coming next month. We’ve got a big development team, big investment in our tech

另外,我们一直在扩大市场范围,我们已经在区块链平台上推 出了政府债券,将来还会增加加密货币种类,下个月会推出图 表交易。我们拥有庞大的开发团队,技术平台也赢得了大量投 资,我们期待将客户想要的功能推向市场。

platform – we look forward to bringing the features our customers are demanding to market. WITH CURRENCY.COM YOU’RE BRINGING CRYPTO INTO TRADITIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS, ARE THE DAYS OF TRADITIONAL BANKS NUMBERED OR DO THEY STILL HAVE A PART TO PLAY?

“我们认为金融和金融科技 领域的下一波创新浪潮会 出现在代币市场中”

We’re seeing fintech challenge the banks in many traditional areas and new regulations are opening up the banks to more competition.

通过currency.com,你们将加密货币带入了传统金融市场,那

There is an exciting opportunity that blockchain technology brings

传统银行是寿数将近还是会继续发挥作用呢?

to drive another wave of innovation that will put some areas of banks under pressure to change or be challenged by new entrants. Putting

金融科技在许多传统领域都对银行构成了挑战,新的法规也使

traditional markets on the blockchain is a great first step towards

得银行面临更多的竞争。区块链技术带来了一个令人振奋的机

tighter integration and wider adoption. I think there will always be a

遇,可以推动下一波创新,使得一些银行领域面临变革的压

market for investing in capital markets through banks - ensuring capital

力,或受到新进入者挑战的压力。将传统市场纳入该区块链平

is deployed effectively to companies that are innovating and that’s a

台是实现更紧密集成和更广泛采用的首要步骤。我认为,总会

really powerful part of capital markets. There’s a really important role

有一个通过银行投资资本市场的市场,确保资本有效地部署到

to be played for capital markets to drive innovation and help people

正在创新的公司,这也正是资本市场真正强大有效的一部分。

looking to build for the future to do that successfully.

在推动创新以及帮助那些希望建设未来的人们成功创新方面,

Part of our role is to try and broaden access to those markets and by

资本市场还是会发挥重要作用。

tokenising traditional markets we are allowing people to buy smaller quantities of an asset – through us you can buy a tenth of a share and that lowers the barriers to entry. I think we are democratising the markets in that regard and I think blockchain can do that in lots of areas

我们的部分职责是尝试扩大这些市场的准入渠道,通过将传统 市场代币化,允许人们只购买少量的资产。通过我们的平台, 您可以购买十分之一股,这样也就降低了准入门槛。我们正在

of investment, whether that’s giving access to bonds or giving access

实现这方面的市场民主化。我认为区块链技术可以在许多投资

to less liquid markets like property or fine art – these are all areas of

领域实现这一目标,无论是接入债券还是流动性较低的市场,

innovation that are coming to blockchain and a really interesting part of

如房地产或艺术品。这些都是区块链的创新领域,也是早期的

what are the early days of blockchain moving into traditional finance.

区块链进入传统金融的一个非常有趣的部分。

Issue 3

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GALLERY 图库

rel ive the moments 重温时刻

MALTA AI & BLOCKCHAIN AWARDS 23 MAY The second edition of the Malta AI & Blockchain Awards honoured individuals helping forge the future of this emerging industry.

马耳他人工智能与区块链奖 5月23日 第二届马耳他人工智能与区块链 奖授予了帮助打造这一新兴产业 之未来的个人。

2019 MALTA AI & BLOCKCHAIN SUMMIT 23-24 MAY

2019马耳他人工智能与区块链峰会 5月23-24日

From a packed expo floor to high-profile speakers, the atmosphere at the 2019 Malta AI & Blockchain Summit was electric.

从热闹的世博会会场到高调的演讲 者,2019马耳他人工智能与区块链 峰会气氛异常热烈。

NETWORKING EVENTS 23-24 MAY Premier networking opportunities and exclusive wining and dining events for VIP guests.

社交活动 5月23-24日 为贵宾提供一流的社交机会和 专属的酒会及宴会活动。

Issue 3

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MALTA AI & BLOCKCHAIN

AWARDS

马耳他人工智能与区块链奖

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23 MAY 5月23日

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2019 MALTA AI & BLOCKCHAIN SUMMIT 2019马耳他人工智能与区块链峰会

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GALLERY 图库

23-24 MAY 5月23-24日

Photographer credit, Petra Maria Poola

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NETWORKING EVENTS 社交活动

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23-24 MAY 5月23-24日

Photographer credit, Petra Maria Poola

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LOOKING TO THE FUTURE 展望未来 66

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Q&A 问答

FUTURE1EXCHANGE IS AN INSTITUTIONAL GRADE DIGITAL ASSET EXCHANGE DESIGNED FOR BOTH PROFESSIONAL TRADERS AND RETAIL INVESTORS. THE PLATFORM, WHICH HAS A MONTHLY TRANSACTION OF 5 MILLION, ALLOWS USERS TO BUY, SELL, AND STORE DIGITAL ASSETS. THE BLOCK SITS DOWN WITH FOUNDER AND CEO, KISHORE M.

WHAT DIFFERENTIATES YOUR EXCHANGE FROM OTHERS?

Future1Exchange是一个机构级别的数字资产 交易所,专为专业交易者和散户投资者设计。 该平台的月平均交易量达500万,用户可以通 过该平台购买、出售和存储数字资产。《区块 链Block》杂志采访了Future1Exchange的创 始人兼首席执行官Kishore M。

你们的交易平台与其他交易平台有什么区别呢?

Future1Exchange is licensed and regulated in Estonia, Europe. Most

Future1exchange在欧洲的爱沙尼亚获得许可,并受其监管。

exchanges are not licensed, so the regulation and licensing of our

大多数交易平台都没有获得许可,因此,我们交易平台获得的

Exchange will build trust in the market. Unlike other exchanges that take

许可以及受到的监管将有助于提高我们在市场上的可信度。其

huge listing fees – which are anywhere between 5 to 20 BTC, we support

他交易平台会收取巨额上市费(从5到20个比特币不等),而

listing projects by taking a very nominal listing fee, which is mostly in the

我们只是为了支持上市项目,象征性地收取一些上市费,上市

native tokens of the project as proof of our believe in the project. We have one of the best security systems and we provide world-class service to our users. There are very few crypto exchanges which have contact numbers and live chat features. Future1Exchange is bringing that level of customer service to the retail investors. We are giving FortKnox Security, Multi-signature Custody Services, a High-Speed Matching Engine, 24/7 transaction monitoring engine, and instant deposits and withdrawals. We are also assuring our clients that their digital asset on Future1Exchange will be 100% reserved and won’t be used anywhere else.

费通常都是项目的原生代币,以示我们对该项目的信任。 我们拥有最好的证券系统之一,可以为用户提供世界一流的服 务。很少有加密货币交易平台提供联系电话和实时聊天服务, 而Future1exchange就能为散户投资者提供这样水平的服务。 我们提供Fort-Knox Security、多重签名托管服务、高速匹配引 擎、全天候交易监控引擎和即时存取款服务。我们还向客户保 证,将100%保留他们在Future1exchange上的数字资产,不会 在任何其他地方使用这些资产。

We also have an academy to educate our users on blockchain and

另外,我们还有一个学习板块,为用户讲解区块链和加密货

cryptocurrencies. Only companies that are legit and have great potential

币知识。只有合法且具有巨大潜力的公司才能在我们的交易

will be listed on our Exchange. Future1Exchange will be the go-to-platform for investors and traders looking to invest in disruptive technology companies that are going to shape the future. We aim to become the world’s leading Cryptocurrecy Exchange and platform for buying and trading cryptos, token offering, digital asset portfolio, custody, cryptocurrency education and forecasting. Our vision and mission is to create the most compelling blockchain and cryptocurrency company of the 21st century and to accelerate the world’s transition to adoption of blockchain and crypto. Through the Future1Exchange Platform, everyone will be able to buy/trade cryptocurrencies and start-ups will be able to raise funds for their ideas through token offerings and listings.

平台上市。 Future1exchange将成为那些想要投资能开创未来的颠覆性技 术公司的投资者和交易者的不二选择。我们致力于打造全球 领先的加密货币交易所平台,用于购买和交易数字货币、数 字资产组合,以及代币发行、托管、加密货币知识普及和预 测的平台。 我们的愿景和使命是创建21世纪最令人信服的区块链和加密货 币公司,并加速全球向区块链和加密货币技术应用的过渡。 每个人都可以通过Future1exchange平台购买/交易加密货币, 初创公司也将能够通过代币发行和上市为他们的想法筹集资 金。

Issue 3

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WHAT PROBLEM IS FUTURE1EXCHANGE SOLVING? Future1Exchange supports Initial Coin Offering (ICO) Projects. The benefits of using an ICO over other forms of funding are very clear. The ownership of the company remains yours. The cost of an ICO is much, much lower compared to an IPO. An ICO doesn’t take money in return for cranking out a product that hasn’t yet been created, so the pressure to produce a product quickly is much lower. Hence Future1Exchange solves the fund-raising problem of entrepreneurs through Initial Crowdfund Offering and Listing. Future1Exchanges also solves the problem of GateKeeping. Projects which were previously denied to the crowd and available only to Venture Capital and high net-worth individuals with networks and connections, will no longer only be for the privileged few members of the society. Future1Exchange will help entrepreneurs circumvent obstacles of fund raising wherein they can appeal directly to a general audience on Future1Exchange Platform. Start-ups and SME (Small and Medium Enterprises) account for over 95% of global firms and over 75% of employment. Future1Exchange wants to help Startups and SME in their Fund raising and blockchain journey and in turn help create jobs for the global economy. DOES FUTURE1EXCHANGE HAVE ANY INTENTION OF ADDING CRYPTO TO FIAT PAIRINGS GIVEN THE VOLATILITY OF STABLECOINS? Future1Exchange will soon be launching P2P Exchange which will have a crypto-to-fiat pairing. HOW DO YOU ENSURE LIQUIDITY IN SOME OF THE LOWER-TRADED ALTCOINS? We make sure every token listed on our Exchange does market making and creates liquidity, otherwise the token will be delisted - this is part of our listing agreement. MILLIONS HAVE BEEN STOLEN FROM CRYPTO EXCHANGES DUE TO SECURITY VULNERABILITIES. WHAT SETS YOUR FIRM APART FROM THE REST? We have a Fort-Knox Security X509 SSL HTTPS certificate and 2 factor authentication with IP binding. This is tied up with Ledger for multi–signature cold wallet to automatically back up all our assets.

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Q&A 问答

HAVE YOU ANY PLANS TO TRANSITION INTO A DECENTRALISED EXCHANGE THAT GIVES USERS OWNERSHIP OVER THEIR PRIVATE KEYS? We have plans to launch a Peer2Peer Exchange. P2P takes a decentralised approach to trading between individuals.

Future1Exchange解决了哪些问题? Future1Exchange支持首次代币发行 (ICO)项目。通过首次代币发行筹集资 金的优势非常明显,公司的所有权仍然属 行的成本要低得多。首次代币发行不会为 推出一款尚未问世的产品而收取回报, 所以迅速推出产品的压力要小得多。因

OF THE BEST PREDICTORS OF A HIGHLY

此,Future1Exchange可以通过首次众筹

SUCCESSFUL ONBOARDING PROCESS. HOW

和上市帮助创业者们解决融资问题。

DOES FUTURE1EXCHANGE TACKLE THIS?

telephone number for users to call us - very few crypto exchanges can be reached over a phone. A multi-language trading interface

HTTPS证书,还有双重认证和IP绑定。这 主要是利用分布式总账技术,以便多重签 名的离线钱包自动备份我们的所有资产。

于你。与首次公开募股相比,首次代币发

USER EXPERIENCE IS ARGUABLY ONE

We have a live chat support service and

我们有Fort-Knox Security、X509 SSL

Future1Exchanges还解决了把控入口

“我们正在扩展业 务,未来会在欧 洲、中东和东南亚 开设全球办事处”

问题。以前只有风险资本和拥有网络 和人脉的高净值个人客户才能参与的项 目,将不再仅限于享有特权的少数成

您有计划过渡到分散交易,让用户拥有自 己的私钥吗?

means clients will soon be able to purchase

员。Future1Exchange将帮助创业者们规避

Crypto with a credit card and users can

融资障碍,他们可以在Future1Exchange平

我们计划推出的P2P交易就是采用分散方

exchange over 100+ cryptocurrencies.

台上直接向大众融资。

式让个人之间进行交易。

初创企业和中小型企业占全球企业

用户体验可以说是一个成功产品的最佳预

的95%以上,就业人数占75%以

测指标。future1exchange如何处理用户

上。Future1Exchange希望帮助初创公司

体验的呢?

“ We are expanding and will be opening global offices in Europe, the Middle East, and South East Asia ”

和中小企业筹集资金,开展区块链业务, 从而创造更多就业机会,推动全球经济 发展。

我们有支持实时聊天服务,也给出了我们 的联系电话,方便用户联系,很少有加密 货币交易平台会给出自己的联系电话。我

考虑到稳定币的反复性,future1exchange

们还拥有多语言的交易界面,不久客户还

是否有意增加加密货币到法定货币的交

可以用信用卡购买加密货币,而且可以交

易对?

易100多种加密货币。

Future1Exchange不久会推出将加密货币 ARE THERE ANY SNEAK PEEK

您有什么让人先睹为快的进展想要宣布

和法定货币配对的P2P交易。P2P交易就是

DEVELOPMENTS YOU’D LIKE TO

各方的数字资产进行点对点交易,没有中

吗?

ANNOUNCE?

心机构的参与。

We are expanding and will be opening global offices in Europe, the Middle East, and South East Asia. We have a stellar team – Herbert

您如何确保部分交易量较低的山寨币 (altcoin)的流动性?

我们正在扩展业务,未来会在欧洲、中 东和东南亚开设全球办事处。我们有一 支出色的团队:有来自火币的赫伯特·西 蒙(Herbert Sim),又叫做“比特币男

Sim from Huobi aka the Bitcoin Man, Eman

我们确保在我们的交易平台上市的每一种

人”,还有Eman Pulis,马耳他人工智能

Pulis founder of AIBC Summit and Saleem

代币都要做市并创造流动性,否则该代

和区块链峰会组织者,以及Tescon的创始

币就会被摘牌,这是我们上市协议的一

人兼首席执行官Saleem Mohammad,另

部分。

外,世界区块链峰会也加入了我们的顾问

Mohammad, founder and CEO of Tescon and World Blockchain Summit have all joined our Board of Advisors. We are planning our token offering by the end of this year.

由于安全漏洞,数百万资产因加密货币交 易被盗。您的公司有什么与众不同呢?

委员会。 我们计划在今年年底发行代币。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 69


BANKING ON ZBX ZBX银行业务

THIS TIME LAST YEAR THERE WERE NUMEROUS CRYPTO EXCHANGES THAT HAVE TAKEN UP THE MALTA FINANCIAL SERVICE AUTHORITY’S TRANSITORY PERIOD TO ANNOUNCE THE SETTING UP OF THEIR BUSINESSES ON THE BLOCKCHAIN ISLAND. ONE YEAR ON WE TAKE THE OPPORTUNITY TO SPEAK TO THE CEO OF ZBX, DAVE PULIS. WITH PHYSICAL OFFICES ON THE ISLAND AND OTHERS AROUND THE WORLD, ZBX IS DEFINITELY MAKING HEADLINES.

去年这个时候,大量的加密货币交易所在 马耳他金融服务管理局指定的过渡期内 宣布在区块链岛上建立业务。一年后的今 天,我们有幸采访了ZBX首席执行官Dave Pulis。ZBX在岛上和世界各地都设有实体 办公室,绝对是热门话题。

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Issue 3


Q&A 问答

LET’S GET STRAIGHT TO THE HARD QUESTIONS. IS ZBX

mind that the future of exchanges is more akin to digital

PROCEEDING WITH THE VFA EXCHANGE APPLICATION

banking, we owe it to our users to establish ZBX in the

IN MALTA?

most stringent jurisdiction which ultimately protects

Yes, we have been working hard behind the scenes on many aspects critical to the licence application and I’m happy to say ZBX is on track to submit its application for a Class 4 VFA Service Provider licence in Malta. Considering the huge effort to set up a corporate

their interests and their assets. Malta has set a high bar, meaning it is possible if not likely that in time Europe will adopt a similar regulatory regime and perhaps in the coming years the licence will be passportable throughout the EU. This is a huge competitive advantage.

governance framework for our VFA licence, we are using

WE READ THAT ZBX IS GOING TO BE AUDITED BY ONE

the experience and legal framework to also prepare an

OF THE TOP 4 AUDIT FIRMS. IS THIS TRUE? IF YES,

application to be regulated under MiFID II that will enable

WHY GO THROUGH SUCH AN ORDEAL WHEN THIS IS

us to list security tokens in the future.

“ There are millions of crypto users that are unbanked due to the regulatory uncertainty burdening the industry ”

WHY DO YOU THINK THAT MOST EXCHANGES WILL NOT BE PROCEEDING WITH THEIR APPLICATION IN MALTA?

NOT A REQUIREMENT? We have talked to the large audit firms and determined that if we are to be considered on par with traditional stock exchanges like Nasdaq and the London Stock Exchange, then we have to provide the same level of

The Maltese regulatory

transparency and disclosure that traders expect when

regime is very thorough. It’s

investing their capital. It’s clear that the industry has

much easier to set up shop

been left wanting over the last few years and it’s clear

in jurisdictions with low to

that there is still a long way to go. The exchange industry

no regulation, where you can

must continue to challenge itself and continue to adapt.

buy a licence off the shelf.

ZBX wants to tackle the big issues; we want to provide

The exchange business

clarity and security, the type you can only get through

can be costly, even when

laying it all bare and being tested by independent bodies,

unregulated. Bearing in

agents, and regulators.

我们开门见山,直接聊一些不那么容易回答的问题。ZBX是否继续 在马耳他申请VFA交易所? 是的,我们一直在幕后为此奔走,努力满足许可证申请的各个关 键方面。在此,我很高兴地向你们宣布,ZBX即将在马耳他提交其 4级VFA服务提供商许可证申请。考虑到我们为VFA许可证设立公司

“监管不确定性给行业带来了 很大的负担,数百万加密货币 用户因此无法享受银行服务”

治理框架所付出的巨大努力,我们正在运用相关经验和法律框架, 另外准备申请受到MiFID II监管的许可证,让我们可以在未来上市 证券型代币。

我们了解到ZBX将由四大审计事务所之一进行审计。这是真的吗? 如果是的话,为什么要大费周章进行这个不在申请要求内的流程?

为什么您认为大多数交易所不会继续在马耳他申请许可证? 马耳他的监管制度非常严格。在没有监管或监管不严的司法管辖 区 开设企业会更容易,因为那里可以买到现成的许可证。即使不 受监管,交易所业务也成本高昂。考虑到未来的交易所更像是数字 银行,为了对我们的用户负责,我们必须在最严格的司法管辖区内

我们与大型审计事务所进行了沟通,意识到如果我们想达到纳斯达 克和伦敦证券交易所等传统证券交易所的高标准,那么我们必须 为交易者在投资时提供同一水平的透明度和公开度。 毋庸置疑, 这个行业在过去几年里各方面都有待提高,我们显然还有很长的

建立ZBX,这样才能最好地保护用户的利益和资产。马耳他设定了

路要走。交易所行业必须持续挑战自我并不断适应新的形势。ZBX

高标准,这意味着如果欧洲没有及时采用类似的监管制度,那么可

希望解决那些关键问题;我们希望提供最高级别的透明度和安全

能在未来几年内,该许可证将可以在整个欧盟内通行。这是一个巨

性——只有坦诚布公并接受独立机构、代理ZBX和监管机构的测试

大的竞争优势。

才能达到。 Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 71


‘The Strand’ Opening in November 2019

WE BRING PEOPLE TOGETHER AND CREATE OPPORTUNITIES FOR COLLABORATION AND NETWORKING

PLUG & PLAY OFFICE SPACE SOLUTION Unique amenities: member’s cafe, swimming pool, a lounge bar, rooftop garden, gym and more.

Immerse yourself in the SOHO community! +356 9933 4333 info@sohomalta.com 72

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3

Book a tour at sohomalta.com


Q&A 问答

LET’S TALK INNOVATION! WE HEARD ON THE GRAPEVINE THAT

or Germany for example. This will apply to both digital and

ZBX IS PLANNING TO OFFER SOME BANKING SERVICES TO ITS

traditional assets.

USERS. CAN YOU TELL US MORE ABOUT THIS?

THAT IS A BIG CLAIM INDEED FOR A COMPANY THAT IS LESS

Banking is the biggest pain point in this industry. The news

THAN ONE YEAR OLD. WHAT ARE THE EXPANSION PLANS FOR

should come out by the time this magazine goes to print but

ZBX TO ACHIEVE SUCH RAPID GROWTH?

we can disclose that ZBX

“ ZBX is much more than a crypto exchange. It is also a bridge between the traditional economies of the past and the digital economies of the future ”

has secured partnerships with UK, Swiss, Chinese, and North American banks.

Firstly we should thank our partners in Asia, the ZB group, for the assistance they provided. Going forward, we have hired the most talented marketers and product development experts that will form part of our core team helping to polish

Verified clients of ZBX will

our existing product. We are currently revamping the website,

be able to open a personal

backend, trading infrastructure/API and mobile Apps. Soon

bank account offered

afterwards we plan to add the banking interface and other

through our banking

tools that will make the user experience that much better.

partners and link their bank account to ZBX. This means cash deposits in and out will be uninhibited by current restrictive practices seen elsewhere. Clients will be able to order

There are millions of crypto users that are unbanked due to the regulatory uncertainty burdening the industry. We will be offering users the ability to deposit and withdraw in multiple fiat currencies, hedge with bank-backed stablecoins and secure their assets in a regulated exchange that is trusted by reputable banks.

debit cards and also have

ZBX is much more than a crypto exchange. It is also your security

access to other exciting

token exchange, your cash machine, your liquidity provider,

products that we will soon

your business accelerator, your forex agent, a bridge between

release to the market. We ultimately see ourselves increasing

people, countries and continents as well as a bridge between the

our product offering to be a leading digital financial institution,

traditional economies of the past and the digital economies of the

irrespective of whether you are based in Shanghai, Brazil,

future. Virtually, anything is possible.

我们来谈谈创新吧!我们听到一些传闻,说是ZBX计划向用户提供一

“ZBX不仅仅是加密货币交易 所。它也是连结过往传统经济 与未来数字经济的桥梁”

些银行服务。您能就此详细说明一下吗? 银行业务是这个行业最大的痛处。这个消息计划在这期杂志出版时向 公众宣布,但我们可以透露一点,ZBX已经与英国、瑞士、中国和北美 的银行建立了合作伙伴关系。经过验证的ZBX客户将可以通过我们的银 行合作伙伴开立个人银行账户,并将他们的银行账户关联到ZBX。这意 味着现金的存取款将不受其他地区当前限制性做法的拘束。客户将可 以订购借记卡,还可以使用我们即将发布的其他精彩产品。无论您身 处上海、巴西还是德国,我们都会不断发布更多产品,力图成为业界 领先的数字金融机构。这将同时包括数字资产和传统资产。 对于成立不到一年的公司来说,这确实是一个雄心勃勃的目标。ZBX 实现如此快速增长的扩张计划是什么?

全面更新网站、后端、交易基础设施/API和移动应用程序。在不久的将 来,我们计划添加银行业务界面和其他工具,优化用户体验。 监管不确定性给行业带来了很大的负担,数百万加密货币用户因此无 法享受银行服务。我们的用户将可以使用多种法定货币存取款、以银 行支持的稳定币进行对冲,并且他们的资产会在受信誉良好的银行信 任的受监管交易所得到保护。 ZBX不仅仅是加密货币交易所。它也是您的证券型代币交易所、您的

首先,我们要感谢亚洲合作伙伴ZB集团所给予的大力帮助。除此之外,

提款机、您的流动资金提供商、您的业务加速器、您的外汇经纪人,

为了进一步发展,我们聘请了最有才华的营销人员和产品开发专家,他

更是连结个人、国家和大洲以及连结过往传统经济与未来数字经济的

们构成我们核心团队的一部分,帮助我们完善现有产品。我们目前正在

桥梁。 事实上,一切皆有可能。

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 73


Breaking the bank 冲破银行束缚

REUVEN SCHOCKNER IS AN ARTIST FROM GERMANY WITH A BACKGROUND IN GRAFFITI ART. HE HAS MOVED INTO FINE ARTS THROUGHOUT THE YEARS AND CURRENTLY IS FOCUSING ON THE RISE OF CRYPTO AND THE FALL OF FIAT. HE SHARES HIS THOUGHTS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MONEY AND ART AND HOW CRYPTO HAS INSPIRED HIS WORKS. Reuven Schockner是一位拥有涂鸦艺术背景的德国艺术家,多年来一直从 事美术工作,目前他正在关注加密货币的崛起和法定货币的衰落。他分享 了他对金钱与艺术之间关系的看法,以及加密货币如何给予他灵感。

HOW SIGNIFICANT IS THE CONCEPT OF MONEY TO YOUR ARTWORKS? Very significant - it´s the foundation of what I do; the material

非常重要,这是所有工作的基础,我使用的材料, 我画画的意图,都是基于金钱。金钱是人类文明

I use, and the intention behind my paintings. Money was a

成长和繁荣的重要因素。今天我们看到金钱在许多

significant factor for human civilization to grow and prosper.

方面都失败了,但这也给了我们重新思考和改变的

We see today that it failed in many ways; this has lead to an

机会。我们人类似乎只有在失败以后,才会想起改

opportunity to rethink and change. We (humans) seem to only change after having failed before - it´s painful but it´s necessary. I find that to be a very, very interesting concept for my artworks. WHAT IS SO ALLURING ABOUT CRYPTOCURRENCIES AS A THEME? HOW HAVE YOU EXPLORED THEM IN YOUR ART? It´s the next chapter for a prosperous global society cryptocurrencies and the technology behind them are the tool

变,改变的过程很痛苦,但却很有必要。我觉得这 对我的作品而言,是一个非常有趣的概念。 加密货币作为一个主题有什么吸引人之处?您是如 何在您的艺术作品中探索加密货币的? 加密货币将重新开启一个繁荣的全球社会,加密货 币及其背后的技术正是实现这一目标的工具。上次

to achieve this. After the last exhibition of my art at the Malta AI

我的艺术品在马耳他的人工智能和区块链峰会上展

& Blockchain Summit I got the chance to listen to some of the

览结束后,我有幸听到该领域的一些顶尖人物的讲

leading thinkers in that field, which piqued my curiosity. That

话,这激发了我的好奇心。我也将这种兴趣融进了

interest has materialised in my artwork.

74

金钱的概念对您的作品有多重要?

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Issue 3

我的作品当中。


Q&A 问答 CATAGORY

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 75


IN THE LAST ISSUE OF BLOCK WE WROTE ABOUT AN AI PROJECT

“ There is no censorship in art. There is only controversy ”

THAT WAS PRODUCING ITS OWN ARTWORKS BASED ON THE WORKS OF ARTIST MARK MALLIA – DOES THIS WORRY OR INSPIRE YOU? It´s provocative and Mark, as an established artist, pushes himself and his ideas further and further. Of course, I find myself inspired by his choice of creative freedom. WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT PROJECTS LIKE OPENBAZAAR THAT ARE USING CRYPTOCURRENCIES TO CREATE THE ABILITY TO SPECIFY PRICES IN FIAT, ALLOWING PSEUDO-ANONYMOUS TRADING WITHOUT CENSORSHIP AND WITHOUT THE RELIANCE ON MIDDLE MEN LIKE GALLERIES AND INSTITUTIONS? There is no censorship in art. There is only controversy. So I think the project you mentioned is not as relevant for art as it is for the concept of decentralisation. The artist has a choice and that is what counts. THERE HAS ALWAYS BEEN A LONG AND COMPLICATED RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MONEY AND ART – HOW DO THEY INFLUENCE EACH OTHER? I find it rather uncomplicated. People buy art and rich people buy more art. When art becomes solely a commodity rather than a collectible it will become unappealing to the idea of art. I still prefer to sell a painting as opposed to keeping it. My agenda is geared towards moving and not standing still.

在上一期的《区块(Block)》杂志中,我们报道了一个基于艺术家马克·马 利亚的作品自行制作艺术作品的人工智能项目,这会让您担心或者激励您 吗? 这是一场挑衅,马克是一个成熟的艺术家,他会不断提升自己和自己的想 法。当然,我也从他所选择的创作自由中获得了灵感。 像OpenBazaar这样的项目,利用加密货币来制定以法定货币为单位的价 格,允许伪匿名交易,且没有审查,无需依赖画廊及机构等中间商,对此, 您怎么看? 艺术没有审查,只有争议。所以我认为你所说的项目,与其说和艺术相关,倒 不如说和去中心化概念更加相关。艺术家有选择的权利,这才是最重要的。 金钱和艺术之间一直存在着漫长而复杂的关系,它们是如何互相影响的呢? 我觉得很简单,人们要购买艺术品,有钱的人买得更多。当艺术作品仅仅是 一件商品而不是收藏品时,它对艺术理念毫无吸引力。我还是喜欢把画卖出 去,而不喜欢将它收藏起来。我的目标是不断向前,而不是停滞不前。

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Issue 3


Q&A 问答

WARHOL AND BANKSY HAVE BEEN KEY FIGURES IN THE ART WORLD WHEN IT COMES TO CONVERSATIONS ON THE PERCEIVED VALUE OF MONEY AND THE WAY IT SHAPES SOCIETY– DO YOU SEE ANY PARALLELS

“艺术没有审查, 只有争议”

BETWEEN THEIR WORK AND YOUR OWN? You are right, as both artists are fundamental ambassadors of popular art within their zeitgeist. There is also a huge difference. Warhol was mainly an artist for the bohemian rich, while Banksy started as a graffiti artist, so Banksy´s art was intentionally for freedom. ARE THERE ANY CURRENT ARTISTS OUT THERE AT THE MOMENT WHO HAVE CAUGHT YOUR EYE? Of course. Too many to mention, but you definitely should check out Revok, Joakim Ojanen, Lisa Ericson, Tom

当谈到金钱的感知价值以及其如何塑造社会时,沃霍尔和班 克斯一直是艺术界的关键人物,您认为您的作品和他们的作 品有什么相似之处吗?

Badley, Retna and so on...

你说得很对,这两位艺术家都是他们那个时代思潮中波普艺

DOES GRAFFITI STILL PLAY A BIG ROLE IN

是波希米亚富人的艺术家,而班克斯最初是一名涂鸦艺术

YOUR ARTWORK?

家,所以班克斯的艺术是为了自由。

Graffiti is typography. Sometimes rather cryptic to read but

目前还有没有哪位艺术家吸引了您?

it’s readable. In my opinion it’s the perfect tool for combining artistic freedom with a message. It’s my genre - forever. THERE’S A SENSE OF IRONY ABOUT CREATING VALUE OUT OF DESTRUCTION (TAKE BANKSY’S SHREDDED

术的奠基人物,但他们之间还是有很大的差异。沃霍尔主要

当然有,而且多到说不完,你可以去了解一下Revok、Joakim Ojanen、Lisa Ericson、Tom Badley以及Retna等等。 涂鸦仍然是您作品中的重要部分吗?

ARTWORK DOUBLING IN VALUE). YOU OFTEN DESTRUCT

涂鸦是版面设计,有时会有点晦涩,但是是可以感受到的。

MONEY TO CREATE YOUR ARTWORKS – DOES THE

在我看来,涂鸦是将艺术自由与信息结合的完美工具,将是

RESULTING CONVERSATION THIS PROVOKES HAVE

我永远的体裁。

MORE VALUE THAN THE PHYSICAL PIECE ITSELF?

从毁灭中创造价值颇具讽刺意味(以班克西破碎的艺术品价 Of course. Banksy shredded his artwork to destroy it and

值翻了一倍为例)。您经常会撕毁金钱来进行艺术创作,这

not to raise its value. My intention is the same but I don’t

样的结果会比实物作品本身更有价值吗?

stop there. I use my money as a tool to tell my story. The value of money is only found in believing in the story of

当然,班克西撕毁作品是为了毁掉它,而不是为了提升它的

money. Make your choice.

价值。我的意图也是一样的,但我的目的不止于此。我用金

WHAT UPCOMING PROJECTS DO YOU HAVE IN THE PIPELINE? Cryptoart is creating its own growing genre, so I am

钱作为讲述故事的道具。只有相信金钱的故事,才能发现金 钱的价值,所以你要做出选择。 您即将要开展的有哪些项目?

fascinated by the huge interest from so many countries.

Cryptoart正在形成自己的发展风格,所以我被许多国家表现

My crypto paintings will also soon be accompanied by

出的强烈兴趣所吸引。继加密货币画作之后,我的雕塑作品

sculptures I am currently working on.

也正在创作当中。

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THE EDGE OF A KNIFE 刀锋危机 刀锋危机

REAL WARS ARE FOUGHT ON THE BATTLEFIELD WITH WEAPONS AND AMMO. COMMERCIAL WARS ARE FOUGHT WITH TARIFFS AND CURRENCIES. AS THE US MOVES AWAY FROM THE DECADES-LONG “STRONG DOLLAR” APPROACH, POLICY MAKERS FROM EITHER SIDE OF THE POND HAVE NOW BEEN PLACED IN THE LINE OF FIRE FOR SUPPOSEDLY DRIVING DOWN EXCHANGE RATES IN ORDER TO GAIN A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE. 真实的战争在战场上以真刀真枪为武器。商业战争以关税和货币为武器。随着美国摆脱长达数十年 的“强势美元”战略,大洋两岸的政策制定者不得不置身于压低汇率的战场,以获得竞争优势。

BY CHRISTOPHER ATTARD, SIGMA GROUP HEAD OF MEDIA OPERATIONS

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OPINION 意见

A

fter the 2008 financial crisis, foreign exchange

The PBOC then released a statement saying that it “has

wars have simmered under the surface, even

accumulated rich experience and policy tools, and will

though nobody wants to admit they are waging

continue to innovate and enrich the control toolbox, and

one. For instance, quantitative easing stemming from

take necessary and targeted measures against the positive

unconventional central bank monetary policies have been

feedback behaviour that may occur in the foreign exchange

actively changing the size of various fiat-currency supplies

market.” This was seen as an official announcement by the

and their rate of growth. The most famous frenzy of

Chinese central bank that it remains committed to defend

competitive devaluations came during the great depression

its interests on the currency front.

in the 1930s as countries ditched the gold standard that pegged their currencies to the metal’s value. ESCALATING TRADE WAR Barely a couple of months ago, the “nuclear option” was trending on financial news outlets, where China was gearing

“ 2019 was the year political posturing on either side transformed into action ”

towards possibly generating a massive debt crisis in the US by triggering a US treasury holding sell off.

Shortly after, neither the International Monetary Fund

Indeed, in a drawn-out series of disputes and escalating

nor the World Trade Organisation supported the initial

tensions, the US accused China of mobilising its currency,

accusation, opening the US up to international legal

the Yuan, to gain the upper hand in trade – labelling China

sanctions if it were to unilaterally hit China with retribution

a currency manipulator, and roiling financial markets in the

on that basis. Naturally, given that the US is over a third of

process. The trade tariffs saw China’s Yuan hit nearly as low

the world’s GDP, the global economy would inevitably get

as $7.05, the weakest level since April 21st, 2008.

dragged into this – possibly while kicking and screaming.

2008年金融危机之后,外汇战争已浮出水面,不过没有人愿意承

“2019年是双方将政治姿 态转变为行动的一年”

认他们是发动战争的一方。例如,源自非常规央行货币政策的量 化宽松政策极大地改变了各种法定货币供应量及其增长率。最著 名的竞争性贬值狂潮发生在上世纪30年代的大萧条时期,那时各 国抛弃了将其货币与贵金属价值挂钩的金本位制。 不断升级的贸易战

中国人民银行随后发表声明,称其“积累了丰富的经验和政策工 具,并将继续创新和丰富调控工具箱,针对外汇市场可能出现的

几个月前,“核选项”成为金融新闻媒体的热词,指得是中国试

正反馈行为,要采取必要的、有针对性的措施。”业内广泛认为

图抛售美国国债而引发美国大规模的债务危机。

这是中国央行正式宣布其仍致力于捍卫其在货币方面的利益。

事实上,在一系列纠纷和不断升级的紧张局势中,美国指责中国

不久之后,国际货币基金组织和世界贸易组织否决了最初的指

操纵人民币汇率以获得贸易优势,并将中国列为汇率操纵国。此

控,如果美国单方面以此为基础对中国进行报复,他们将根据国

举极大地撼动了金融市场。由于贸易关税,中国人民币的汇率降

际法律对美国进行制裁。当然,鉴于美国经济占世界GDP的三分

至7.05比1,这是自2008年4月21日以来的最低水平。

之一以上,全球经济将不可避免地陷入这场针锋相对的争端中。

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A BLEED-OUT EFFECT

放血效果

2019 was the year political posturing on either

由于世界上最大的经济体运用各自的经济工具进行贸易打击,2019年是

side transformed into action as the world’s largest

双方将政治姿态转变为行动的一年。这就让贸易战争演变成了货币和经

economies weaponised their respective economic

济战争,也就是说,在2020年美国总统选举之前,不会有任何贸易协议

tools to trade blows. Consequently, the trade

达成。

war morphed into a currency and economic war, which is to say among other things that no trade

最近,美国总统表示将把2500亿美元中国产品的关税从25%提高到30%

deal will be established before the 2020 American

,并将剩余3000亿美元商品的关税从10%提高到15%,部分变更已在九

Presidential elections.

月份生效。美国总统还指责中国没有购买足够多的美国农产品,也没有

Recently, the US President said he would raise tariffs from 25% to 30% on $250 billion in Chinese

阻止芬太尼(一种令人上瘾的阿片类药物)流入美国。此外,美国还指 控中国窃取商业机密并迫使外国公司交出敏感技术。

products, and would increase tariffs on the

随着世界两大经济体深陷贸易战,在人民币贬值、对中国进口商品的贸

remaining $300 billion in goods from 10% to 15% –

易关税和其他市场压力之下,中国经济已然放缓。迄今为止,十二轮谈

some of which went into effect in September. The POTUS also blamed China for not buying enough US agricultural goods and for failing to stop the flow of fentanyl, an addictive opioid, into America. Additionally, the debacle also spread to include US allegations against China which is ostensibly

判都未能结束僵局;随着时间的推移,紧张局势不断升级,各种因素可 能在2020年将全球经济拖入衰退的泥潭。 比特币的情况 虽然最初争议的重点是贸易和外国投资,但货币也不可避免地遭到拖

stealing trade secrets and forcing foreign

累。商界领袖们已经指出,这场“贸易战”可能会持续多年,其影响、

companies to hand over sensitive technology.

其中穿插的各种意外和复杂的民族特质杂糅其中,战争将逐渐走向高潮

In the interim, the sliding Yuan, trade tariffs on

并决出最终的胜利者。

Chinese imports and other market pressures have

与此同时,互联网会塑造自由民族国家的愿景。一方面,互联网使人们

slowed down the Chinese economy as the world’s

超越对集体的忠诚,另一方面,它引起了支持强硬国家管制的守旧派的

two largest economies lock themselves in a trade

抵制。

war. Twelve rounds of talks have thus far failed to end the deadlock; all the while drawn out and escalating tensions begin to set the stage for the global economy to potentially reach recession territory by some time in 2020. THE CASE FOR BITCOIN While the initial focus was on trade and foreign investment, the dispute has also dragged currencies into the mix. Business leaders have pointed out that this “trade war” could last for years, with the implications, sub-plots and complex national idiosyncrasies making for an eventual crescendo from which a winner will invariably emerge. Meanwhile, the Internet is gearing towards taking up a revised vision of the liberal nation-state. On the one hand, the Internet has enabled people to transcend group loyalties, while on the other hand, it has caused a backlash from old-guard defenders of hard-line state control.

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?

?


OPINION 意见

For instance, the digital surveillance and clear

例如,北京的数字监控和明显的威权主义,加上美国当局的军国主义言

authoritarianism stemming from Beijing coupled with

论和严厉指责,以及长期笼罩的世界经济危机阴云,足以为关注的人们

the militaristic rhetoric and bluster from US authorities

敲起警钟。

as well as sustained expectations of a looming world economic crisis are more than enough reasons to set off alarm bells for those paying attention.

“ The vital bulwark against centralised control of decrepit banking systems, untrustworthy tech behemoths and wayward governments is real; and it’s called bitcoin ”

货币贬值、种族冲突或有形资产贬值并不是新鲜事物,早已为人们所熟 知。事实上,为对抗控制欲过强的政府和政权的外部影响,人们发现古 老且保值能力得到公认的黄金是最佳对冲品之一。不过这一次,寻求对 冲此类威胁的公民可以选择一种数字替代品,也是更贴近互联网一代的 产品。

“这是对抗陈旧的银行系 统、不值得信赖的技术巨头 和任性的政府的集中管制的 桥头堡——它就是比特币” 这是对抗陈旧的银行系统、不值得信赖的技术巨头和任性的政府的集中 管制的桥头堡——它就是比特币。除了支撑货币无可辩驳的数字稀缺性 的保值原理和不可变性技术之外,比特币的网络和原动力效应使其成为 最佳的数字对冲品,足以应对最近的未来可能发生的黑天鹅事件。

As is common knowledge, currency debasements, ethnic conflict or hard-asset devaluation aren’t at all new. Indeed, gold’s ancient and widely recognised store of value has often found itself to be one of the best hedges against outside influences of overzealous governments and regimes. However, this time around, citizen’s seeking a hedge against such threats have a digital alternative, one that is arguably more appropriate for the Internet generation by a mile.

虽然主要风险在于全球监管机构对加密货币的强烈抵制,但抗审查货币天 生具有抗脆弱性,理论上来说,波动性越大,它的优势就会越凸显。

?

The vital bulwark against centralised control of decrepit banking systems, untrustworthy tech behemoths and wayward governments is real; and it’s called bitcoin. Aside from the store of value argument

?

and the immutable technology that underpins the currency’s irrefutable digital scarcity, bitcoin’s network and prime mover effects make it the most reasonable digital hedge against a probable black swan event occurring in the near future. While a major risk lies in the possibility of global regulatory backlash against the currency, the censorship-resistant currency was built with antifragility in mind, which is to say that in theory, it should gain more strength as volatility increases.

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 81


S PAC E TO G R OW Join over 2,000 delegates at the inaugural Medical Cannabiz World to discuss legislation, education, investment, and technology in this exciting business sector. Showcase your products at the expo and network with top global industry professionals. Malta may be small in size, but it’s big on potential. Next stop Asia! We’re launching Medical Cannabiz World Asia in 2020. Join us in Bangkok on 22-23rd June and explore the huge potential this up-and-coming marketplace has to offer.

MALTA 4-5 NOV 19

BANGKOK 22-23 JUN 20

www.cannabizsummit.world


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FEATURE 专题报道 CATAGORY

FLYING THE FLAG FOR BLOCKCHAIN 扬起区块链的大旗

DAVID GALEA AND BRENDAN MCKITTRICK ARE LONG-SERVING VETERANS OF THE AVIATION IT INDUSTRY. THEIR PORTFOLIO OF EXPERIENCE HAS SEEN THEM WORK CLOSELY WITH AIRLINES TO HELP THEM IMPROVE THEIR REVENUES, REDUCE THEIR COSTS, AND TRANSFORM THEIR CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE – 3 TENETS THEY SOUGHT TO BRING TO THE AEROBAND BRAND AFTER A CHANCE ENCOUNTER LAST YEAR. KATY MICALLEF CATCHES UP WITH THEM AHEAD OF THEIR NOVEMBER LAUNCH.

大卫·加利亚(David Galea)和布伦丹·麦基特 里克(Brendan McKittrick)可以说是航空IT领 域的专家了。凭借着两人的经验,他们与航空 公司密切合作,帮助航空公司提高收入,降低 成本,改善客户体验。这也是他们去年偶遇后 一起成立Aeroband品牌后所追求的三项原则。 凯蒂·米卡莱夫(Katy Micallef)赶在他们11月 的发布会前对他们进行了采访。

Aeroband的创始人大卫·加利亚(David Galea)和布伦丹·麦

A

基特里克(Brendan McKittrick)在航空产业改革方面有着崇 eroband founders, David Galea and Brendan McKittrick have

高的理想。他们在航空领域的互补经验为他们带来了即时的协

some lofty ideas when it comes to revolutionising the aviation

同效应,这有助于实现他们改善众多航空领域利益相关方的愿

industry. Their combined experience in the aviation industry

resulted in instant synergy, which helped bring about their vision to improve the lot of stakeholders in the industry, not just for airlines but all players. And as Brendan says, it was a ‘really enjoyable’ process. “I wanted to do something a bit more focused, a bit more agile and at the cutting-edge of technology. Starting a company with David was absolutely perfect; it’s just been all pleasure since then,” says Brendan.

景,这些利益相关方不仅仅只是航空公司,而是所有的参与 者。正如布伦丹所说,这是一个“非常享受”的过程。 他说,“我想做一些更专注、更灵活而且处在技术前沿的事 情。和大卫一起创办公司绝对是完美之举,创办公司后,一切 都挺好。” “我们有着同样的愿景,而且我们知道我们可以实现这个愿

“We both had the same vision, we knew we could do this, we know there’s

景。我们也明白我们之间有分歧,但是我们的想法恰好可以弥

a gap, and we both had the same idea to fill it. What I was missing he had

补这种不同。我没想到的他能想到,他没想到的我能想到。”

and what he was missing I had,” explains David.

大卫解释道。

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After a spell working in a couple of different industries in the late nineties, Brendan made his way back to aviation but was struck by how nothing had really changed, the same problems being faced by the airlines were still there – in fact the problems were getting more acute. IATA’s data on the sale price for an airline ticket in 2019 illustrates just how badly airlines are losing out. On average, the going rate for a ticket is $188, of which $47 (21%) is allocated to fuel, $47 to labour costs, $91 (55%) to all other costs and a final 3% to profit. The airlines take the full weight of the risk management in the aviation space; they take the full risk of the asset cost, which starts with the $200m aircraft. “There’s a lot of people making money in the aviation industry along the chain – but it’s not the airlines,” says Brendan. Brendan and David believe blockchain technology allows you to do things differently. In this industry it’s hard to for airlines to share their information as big operators have positioned themselves in the middle to be the brokers of that information and while some of them do a good job, they keep the airlines siloed and end up taking the lion’s share of the profit, which means the airline doesn’t get much at the end and has to invest further funds into administering and reconciling the transactions that go through all the applications they buy. “The airlines themselves are looking to deal directly with their customers and they’re also looking to collaborate, so if you can build a blockchain which stores all the pertinent information required to run an airline, to create an application to act as trusted

“ Part of what we’re doing is creating a blockchain which is eventually owned by the community, controlled by consensus, and serves the community ”

agents between the airlines, you can stop this whole industry of double checking. Airlines could settle debts directly between each other and reduce conflict, while cutting out the middle-man. This could reduce cost on many different fronts. For example, Cargo companies could track parcels through a very reliable trusted network, where the consumer can see the information is verified and guaranteed and cannot be changed because it’s immutable and time stamped. Part of what we’re doing is creating a blockchain which is eventually owned by the community, controlled by consensus, and serves the community

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FEATURE 专题报道

– we think that’s an important component of

九十年代后期,在几个不同的行业辗转一段时

this. What happens with the middle players in

间后,布伦丹又回到了航空领域,但让他感

a natural capitalistic way is that it’s become

到震惊的是,航空领域还是老样子,一点儿没

self serving and the airlines themselves do

变,航空公司所面临的问题也没有得到解决。

not benefit in the way they should.

事实上,这些问题不仅没有得到解决,甚至还

What you have at the centre is a blockchain; it doesn’t have a CEO or staff, just an autonomous running blockchain which will use smart contracts that were created by the industry, for the industry. Agreements to execute or share value will allow real time movement of value without having to have

越来越严重了。

元(21%)用于燃料花费,47美元用于人工 成本,91美元(55%)用于所有其他成本,

资产成本风险,而这些成本从一架价值2亿美

they’re paying three times for a simple job that three different people are doing. What

协议将允许价值实时变动,而无须在全球拥有 这方面的关系。”布伦丹说。

the relationship as well,” says Brendan.

paying money they really shouldn’t be,

智能合约为该行业谋福利。执行或共享价值的

重。一张机票平均售价为188美元,其中47美

担着风险管理的全部责任,他们承担了全部的

they have don’t change so they’re constantly

动运行的区块链平台。它将利用该行业创建的

多个账户和外汇货币,因此区块链也可以简化

foreign exchange currencies - so it simplifies

years, in the airline industry the processes

平台,它没有CEO,也没有员工,而是一个自

票售价数据表明了航空公司的损失有多么惨

最后只剩3%的利润。航空公司在航空领域承

businesses have become efficient over the

通过区块链技术,你的中间商只是一个区块链

国际航空运输协会(IATA)关于2019年的机

multiple accounts all over the world and

“The picture is so big”, opines David. “While

司本身却得不到他们应得的利益。

元的飞机开始。“除了航空公司,也有很多其 他人在这条航空链上赚钱。”布伦丹说道。 布伦丹和大卫相信区块链技术可以为我们开辟 新的途径。在这个领域,航空公司间很难相互 共享信息,因为在他们中间还隔着一些大型运

“我们目前进行的部 分工作是打造一个 最终归社区拥有的 区块链平台,由社 区共同控制,并为 社区服务”

营商,会破坏这些信息的完整性。虽然有一些 运营商也做得很好,但他们将航空公司孤立起

大卫认为,“涉及的范围太广了。”“虽然这

change the way they do business - taking

来,最终他们独自占据利润的大部分份额。这

些年来,一些企业已经变得高效,但在航空领

that expensive last part of the process onto

意味着航空公司最终得到的利润并不是很多,

域,企业的流程并没有改变,所以他们在不断

the blockchain which makes it far cheaper

而且他们还要投入更多资金来管理和协调他们

地浪费一些本不应该花费的钱,三个人做同一

in the operational mode, hence boosting the

在所购买的所有应用程序上面的交易。

份简单的工作,然后你就得付三份工资。我们

we’re trying to do is not change the world but

very meagre profits.” BY THE PEOPLE, FOR THE PEOPLE As David explains, they’re building a community and the ID3 thought process is

“航空公司本身很希望和客户直接交易,他们 也愿意合作,所以如果你可以打造一个区块 链平台来存储运营航空公司所需的所有相关信 息,创建一个应用程序来充当航空公司之间的

key to creating that momentum. In this case

可靠代理商,你就可以阻止整个行业的“双

there’s no such thing as too many cooks. By

重检查”。

getting at least three different peers to give their input you can avoid software that has been built according to individual nuances. ID3 enables the right combination of

航空公司可以彼此之间直接结算债务,减少冲 突,同时省去了中间人,这样可以在很多方 面降低成本。例如,货运公司可以通过一个非

requirements to come together and create

常可靠的网络跟踪包裹,而消费者可以在该网

something that will cover the needs of all

络上看到经过验证的、有保障的且不能被篡改

other stakeholders in the industry. Each of

的信息,因为这些信息是不可变更的,同时

the 3 peers who create a project have to

有时间戳。

sign up for a minimum amount of years to

要做的不是改变世界,而是改变他们开展业务 的方式。那就是将业务流程最后的部分,也是 成本最高的部分转移到区块链平台上,在这种 运营模式下,他们的成本会降低很多,从而也 可以增加原本微薄的利润。” 取之于民,用之于民 正如大卫解释的那样,他们正在建立一个社 区,而ID3思维流程就是创造这种动力的关键 所在。在这种模式下,就不会出现太多人做同 一份工作的情况。通过让至少三个不同的同行 给出他们的输入信息,您可以避免带有个人色 彩的软件。ID3算法可以使得需求正确地组合 在一起,创建出可以覆盖行业内所有其他利益

use it. This means that we can show what

我们目前进行的部分工作是打造一个最终归社

相关者需求的东西。三方中的任意一方创建了

the return on investment will be before the

区拥有的区块链平台,由社区共同控制,并为

一个项目,都必须签约一个最少使用年限。这

project even starts, giving investors of that

社区服务,我们认为这是其中的一个重要组成

意味着我们甚至可以在项目开始之前展示投资

project an up-front and very realistic view of

部分。中间商以资本家的本性参与进来就会导

回报率,让项目投资者对他们的投资回报预先

the return on their investment.

致其成为一个只顾自己盈利的平台,而航空公

有一个实际的了解。 Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 87


“Once that application goes onto the blockchain, it doesn’t matter who invested in it or built it, they all get their fair share back. The idea is three will get together and create an application on the blockchain which all the other airlines can rent. Instead of paying to build it again, they just use that existing application and pay a transaction fee going forward. The process can then be repeated with different groups, creating a blockchain for all. That’s how we create a community.” Aeroband doesn’t just run on any old blockchain however, through a partnership with Holochain they have avoided the limitations of a classical blockchain – such as low transaction rates. “When dealing with the aviation industry you’ve got to deal with very high transaction volumes and real time processing. Classical blockchain was not an option for us, and we didn’t have time to wait for someone to work out a way to make it catch up. “Holochain sets out not to replicate the classical blockchain but uses a distributed hashtable, so rather than having a full copy of the entire ledger on every single node, it shards and distributes the ledger across the entire network- so the network is not delayed by huge amounts of consensus or laboured by updates. We’re very happy with our choice and we believe we’ve chosen the right distributed ledger. As the network grows the efficiencies get better, the performance more robust – all the things that are important to us. “At the moment we’re running a proof of concept in house with Holochain on a controlled closed network, and we are overjoyed at the results. 50,000 transactions a second out of the box is exemplary against any yardstick you wish to measure it against. We believe we have ticked the boxes and are confident we will have the most secure and fastest Aviation Industry Blockchain in

“ The idea is the blockchain should be irrelevant - it does a job and it does it well, letting you focus on the business ”

the world bar none on our launch.” Besides the AEROBLOC, Aeroband has another arm to its operations – AeroLabs, which is an incubation software development house and testing centre. AeroLabs is the working space where either new apps are built or ones that are being converted are tested before they go live on the AEROBLOC. YOU’RE LAUNCHING AT OUR SUMMIT IN NOVEMBER... “When I was there, there was a good buzz in the air. There were a lot of services around with a well thought out road map for start-up companies. I thought the legislation

88

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Issue 3


FEATURE 专题报道

was excellent; indeed the Oxford University

“一旦该应用程序入驻了区块链平台,它是

区块链课程也将马耳他列为了世界领先立法

blockchain course I attended lists Malta as

由谁投资或者开发的就不重要了,他们都会

国家,这使得它更加吸引我。同时,大卫也

the leading legislation in the world which

得到公平的回报。当三方聚在一起,在区块

住在这里,所以我们很快就决定让马耳他成

made it even more attractive to me. David

链平台上创建一个应用程序,所有其他航空

为Aeroband的精神家园,当大卫提到具体的

also lives here, so it was an easy decision to

公司都可以租用。他们无需再花钱来重新创

会议和内容时,我非常兴奋。”

make Malta the spiritual home for Aeroband,

建一个程序,只需使用那个现有的程序,支

and when David mentioned the actual conference and the content I was pretty excited about it,” says Brendan. David also emphasises that when it came to picking an event to work with there was no comparison. ” I know the management

付一定的交易手续费就行。这个过程可以由 不同的参与者重复进行,最终创造一个属于 所有人的区块链平台。这就是我们创造社区 的方式。” 然而,Aeroband并不只是在一个传统的区块

of AIBC personally, so I know what comes

链平台上运行。通过与Holochain的合作,他

with it. With AIBC Summit it’s not just about

们避免了传统区块链平台的限制,例如低交

putting a stand together; the company

易率。“在与航空业打交道时,你要处理非

makes the effort to introduce us to people in

常大的交易量,而且要实时处理。传统的区

the industry. It’s a good all round package,

块链并不适用于我们,我们没时间等待对方

which is what you need in the industry we’re

跟上。

in. We are Aviation guys, so need all the help we can get in being introduced to the right

“Holochain不是复制传统区块链,而是使用

players in the blockchain spare. We want to

分布式哈希表,因此它不是在每个节点上都

invite any companies who feel they’ve got

拥有整个分类帐的完整副本,而是在整个网

some input or interest in working with us to

络中对分类账进行分片和分发,因此网络不

let us know so we can marry them with the

会因为大量的共识而延迟或因为更新而加重

right projects.”

负荷。我们对这个选择非常满意,我们相信

WE DON’T TALK ABOUT THE

我们选择了正确的分布式账本。随着网络的

BLOCKCHAIN “The idea is the blockchain should be irrelevant - it does a job and it does it well, letting you focus on the business. What’s the business outcome you’re going to bring? It might involve blockchain to get to the outcome but we don’t talk about the

发展,效率会越来越高,性能也会越来越强 大。所有这些对我们来说都很重要。“目前 我们正在Holochain内部一个受控的封闭网络 上运行一个概念验证,我们对结果感到非常 满意。一秒钟达到了50,000的交易量,这个 交易量在任何尺度下都算得上是典范。我们 相信我们已经达到了这个标准,我们有信心

blockchain. We buttress that underneath

在发布时达到世界上最安全、最快速的航空

the solution by giving that value, that’s

工业区块链,无人可及。”

what we bring to the table. The airline or the airport doesn’t need to be frightened by the new technology and the lack of knowledge – we bring that and just focus on the business outcome. “We’ve seen the stress on the airlines to improve productivity and costs - at the same time they’re charged with

除了AEROBLOC,Aeroband还有另一个部 门——AeroLabs,这是一个软件开发孵化器和 测试中心。AeroLabs是一个工作空间,无论 是新创建的应用程序或正在转换的应用程序在 AEROBLOC上线之前都要在这里进行测试。 您将于11月在我们的峰会上发布……

“我们认为区块链 应该是与商业成果 无关的。它完成它 的工作,做得很出 色,让你可以专注 于业务” 大卫还强调,当要选择一个与之合作的活动 时,马耳他人工智能和区块链峰会(AIBC) 是不二之选。”我个人了解这个峰会的管 理,所以我知道它能带来什么。在人工智 能和区块链峰会上,我们不只是站在一起, 还要努力让业内人士了解我们。这是一个很 好的全方位包装,也是我们处在这个行业所 需要的。我们是航空人,因此需要获取所有 可获得的帮助,让区块链领域的专家了解我 们。我们想请所有有兴趣与我们合作的公司 联系我们,以便我们可以为他们找到合适的 项目。” 我们不讨论区块链 “我们认为区块链应该是与商业成果无关 的。它完成它的工作,做得很出色,让你可 以专注于业务。你将带来什么样的商业成 果?获得成果可能会涉及到区块链,但我们 不讨论区块链。我们为解决方案之下的技术 提供支持,这就是我们带来的成果。航空公 司或机场不需要因为新技术和缺乏技术知识 而被吓倒。我们将提供相关的技术和知识, 你们只需要专注于业务成果。 我们已经看到了航空公司在提高生产力和改

transforming the user experience from

布伦丹说,“当我在那里时,人们都很兴

善成本方面所面临的压力。与此同时,他们

a very old staid demure model which is

奋,氛围非常好。那里有很多服务,还为初

还负责将用户体验从一个非常老式死板的模

very rigid to an agile easy moving model.

创公司提供了周到的路线图。我认为马耳他

式转变为简捷方便可移动的模式。区块链让

Blockchain makes life easy for everyone.”

的这项立法很好。确实,我参加的牛津大学

每个人的生活都变得轻松。” Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 89


TRUSTING IN TECH 相信技术 90

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


FEATURE 专题报道

BY OLIVER DE BONO, COO FOR SIGMA GROUP

BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY HAS BEEN HOVERING ON THE EDGE OF THE TECH SPHERE FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS, BUT IT’S THE TEMPERAMENTAL CRYPTOCURRENCY, BITCOIN, THAT HAS GARNERED MOST OF THE LIMELIGHT. CRYPTOCURRENCIES ARE OFTEN SO INEXTRICABLY LINKED TO BLOCKCHAIN THAT FOR MANY IT CAN BE HARD TO TELL WHERE ONE ENDS AND THE OTHER BEGINS.

区块链技术已经在科技领域边缘徘徊多 年,但其中最吸睛的仍是瞬息万变的加密 货币比特币。加密货币往往与区块链有着 千丝万缕的联系,以至于我们很多人都说 不清他们之间的关系。 简而言之:比特币是区块链的一种,但不 完全等同于区块链。

PUT SIMPLY: BITCOIN IS A BLOCKCHAIN AND NOT THE BLOCKCHAIN.

CRYPTO FOR GOOD Despite their polarising nature and a reputation for volatility,

The Akoin ecosystem seeks to unlock and regenerate Africa’s fledgling economy by introducing a trusted cryptocurrency, bringing revenue-

加密是好事 虽然加密货币具有两极分化的特点,且以波动性大著 称,但它可以成为一股有利的力量。您可能会持不同

generating opportunities that support

观点,不过也能理解,尤其是在发生了诸如科技巨头

and empower a new generation

Facebook大肆进军StableCoins和委内瑞拉尝试借加密

of entrepreneurs and innovators

货币规避经济制裁等一系列大事件之后,这些事件无不

tech giant facebook’s much maligned

by elevating them out of a cash

是利用了加密货币的一些最独有的特征(如转账、匿名

foray into stablecoins, Venezuela’s

only environment. The potential to

attempt to circumvent economic

方便等)。

stimulate growth and provide for

sanctions, and other drama that seeks

economic stability in this emerging

我们与格莱美奖得主,说唱歌手,加密爱好者Akon合

to exploit the very qualities that make

continent is huge.

作。该合作就很好地说明了加密技术的潜力,它可以直

cryptocurrencies can be a force for good. You might be forgiven for thinking otherwise, especially after

them so appealing, such as ease of transfer and pseudonymity.

接给个人带来积极的改变。尽管这一行业仍面临一些严 We’re also addressing social impact challenges on a local level. As part of

峻挑战,但不可否认的是,它的一些特质,如透明性和 无障碍性(尤其是对无银行存款或存款不足的人而言)

Our partnership with Grammy-award-

our commitment to support the great

winning rapper and crypto-enthusiast

strides this country is making as the

Akon is a good illustration of their

Blockchain Island, we’re teaming up

potential to bring positive change

Akoin这种生态系统会引入一种可信赖的加密货币,并

with environmental NGO Zibel, and

directly to the individual. While this

Bounties Network – a crypto-based

对新生代企业家和创业者提供支持和授权,让他们跳出

industry still faces some serious

reward network which has the power

challenges, it is undeniable that

to generate and ignite action on a huge

qualities such as transparency and

scale. Their pilot project, which trialled in

accessibility (especially to the under-

the Philippines, shows how good causes

我们还要应对各种区域性社会影响所带来的挑战。我们

banked and unbanked populations),

can also provide alternative incomes to

can lift the lives of some of the most

economies struggling to eke out a living

支持这个国家作为“区块链之岛”所取得的巨大进步,

vulnerable communities.

from decaying traditional industries.

可以让一些最弱势群体的生活得到改善。

现金交易的禁锢,获得更多创收机会。这将助力开启和 复兴非洲的新生代经济。这一新事物对刺激经济增长和 维持经济稳定的潜力是巨大的。

作为承诺的一部分,我们正在与非政府环境组织Zibel和 Bounties Network合作,后者是一个基于加密系统的供 需服务网,其用户群十分庞大。他们在菲律宾的试点项 目表明,好的利用还可以帮助那些落后的、濒临淘汰的 传统行业的从业者,为他们带来新的收入来源。 Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 91


BUIDL THE FUTURE Blockchain technology often feels new, and that’s perhaps because its many use-cases are only now starting to become apparent. From KYC to AML, blockchain can be deployed to solve a number of issues. Businesses in the blockchain space are profiting from lessons learnt by the traditional

“ The potential to stimulate growth and provide for economic stability is huge ”

financial services and building financial crime compliance and protection into their systems. Block tech can cut the costs of

This is where blockchain technology really comes into

compliance by facilitating and validating transactions in an

its element; an ability to track the life cycle of a product,

expedited manner and reducing duplication of compliance

literally from seed-to-sale, makes it an invaluable tool for a

between financial institutions.

marketplace desperate for transparency and quality assurance. That being said, there is no system in place yet to analyse the

And as governments invest more into research and innovation,

great quantities of data blockchain brings in – and because the

it’s easier to see how comfortably it slips into everyday life and

truth of the data isn’t evaluated, the benefits of supply chain

business – and for some it can be crucial to their survival.

technology remain limited. The synergy between blockchain

Storing records on a ledger through projects like Building Blocks can return legal identities to document-poor individuals, helping

and other technologies, such as AI and IOT is crucial here if we are to make the most of what block tech has to offer.

them prove their qualifications, relationships and other assets.

The government of Malta is also introducing a proactive

Running off a private version of Ethereum, the project also

approach to emerging technologies, through initiatives like

allows refugees to pay for food using biometric authentication.

reformed rent laws, which will require the registry of rents on

Take the organic food industry - a health and environmentally conscious generation has embraced a philosophy that

the blockchain, and entities such as Tech MT which promote innovation in the tech industry.

embodies clean living, but with a high level of mislabelling and

We’ll be hashing out these ideas and more at the AIBC Summit

a thriving black market, it is understandable that consumers

in November, join us then and make your voice a part of the

have grown wary of the products they buy.

wider conversation.

构建未来 人们总觉得区块链技术是新事物,可能是因为它的很多运用才刚开 始出现。从KYC到AML,区块链可以用来解决许多问题。区块链领 域的企业正在从传统金融服务的经验教训中学习,它们把金融犯罪

“这一新事物对刺激经济增长和 维持经济稳定的潜力是巨大的”

合规及保护纳入了其体系之中。区块链技术可以快速促成和验证交 易,并减少金融机构之间用于管理合规性的重复性工作,降低合规 性管理的成本。

包括从种子到成品销售的详细过程。市场迫切需要透明度和质量保

随着政府加大对研究和创新的投入,人们更容易看到它是如何平稳

证,而区块链技术则成为了最为可靠的工具。不过话虽如此,但目

地融合进人们的日常生活和商业活动中——对有些人来说,这甚至

前尚无系统可分析区块链所带来的大量数据,且数据的真实性也许

将对他们的生存起到决定性作用。

需要评估,所以就供应链方面而言,能享受到的好处仍然很有限。

通过诸如构建区块(Building Blocks)等项目将记录存储在分类账 上,可将合法身份返还给那些缺乏档案的个人,帮助他们证明自己

如果要充分利用区块链技术的功能,至关重要的一点则是需要寻求 区块链与人工智能、物联网等其他技术之间的协同效应。

的资质、关系、资产等。该项目运行了一个私用版的以太坊,通过

马耳他政府还通过改革租赁法等举措对新兴技术采取了积极主动的

该项目,难民们还可以使用生物认证来购买食物。

做法。改革后的租赁法将要求在区块链上对租赁进行登记。同时,

以有机食品行业为例——拥有健康和环保意识的一代人讲究生活的

92

这正是区块链技术真正发挥作用的地方;能够追踪产品生命周期,

他们还引入了Tech MT基金等实体促进科技行业的创新。

洁净化,但由于标签滥贴现象严重,加之黑市猖獗,显而易见,消

我们将在11月的AIBC峰会上详细讨论这些想法,请届时参与,让您

费者购物时变得越来越谨慎了。

的声音被更多人听到。

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


crypto winter is over, long live blockchain island !


BROUGHT TO YOU BY CORPORATE COMICS

MALTA BLOCKCHAIN SUMMIT

tha n for k you r our eadin g aibc malta s u mmi edit t i to s on. ee m con o re t ple ent ase to; go t.me / rate corpo com ics

BROUGHT TO YOU BY CORPORATE COMICS


LEADING THE PACK 96

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3

把握先机 BY SOPHIE CROUZET, SIGMA GROUP EVENT DIRECTOR


FEATURE 专题报道

AS MALTA CONSOLIDATES ITS POSITION AS THE BLOCKCHAIN ISLAND, THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE MALTA AIBC SUMMIT TO BUSINESS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGY BECOME EVER MORE IMPORTANT. WE ARE WORKING TOWARDS DEVELOPING AND STEERING THESE CONVERSATIONS BY OFFERING EXPERTS ON DEEP TECH, ENTREPRENEURS, YOUNG MINDS AND ACADEMICS A PLATFORM WHERE THEY CAN SHARE THEIR KNOWLEDGE ON A GLOBAL STAGE.

I

随着马耳他作为“区块链之岛”的重 要地位进一步加强,马耳他AIBS峰 会对商业和新兴技术的影响也变得越 发重要。我们正致力于为深度技术专 家、企业家、年轻人和学者提供一个 平台,创造和引导交流机会,让他们 得以在全球舞台上进行知识分享。

ndeed, technology is moving faster than ever before – and so

确实,科技的发展速度日益加快,因此我们也必须与

we are moving with it. Two main Summits in Malta in 2019 ,

时俱进。2019年在马耳他举行了两次重要峰会,开展

several road shows internationally (New York, Tel Aviv, Tanzania

etc..), our Manila Summit announced for June 7/8th 2020 - the coming months are set to be years of exceptional achievement and progress for the AIBC Summit. Earlier this year, the Spring edition of the summit aimed to be a stepping stone for the next big show – and it turned out to be a massive success despite a seemingly fragile market which could have gone either way. We decided to swim against the tide and focus on moving beyond the hype, while also helping to build real world value in this exciting new space. Clearly, stakeholders in both blockchain and deep tech agreed with us as they exchanged ideas and discussed opportunities with nearly 6,000 attendees.

了数次国际性的路演(纽约、特拉维夫、坦桑尼亚等 地),我们的马尼拉峰会也将于2020年6月7日至8日举 行——接下来的几个月将是AIBC峰会多年来取得的非 凡成就和进步的体现。 今年早些时候的春季峰会原本只是作为此后某个大型峰 会的预热,最终却取得了巨大成功,尽管市场看似还很 脆弱,有走衰的可能。但我们决定逆水行舟,把眼光从 炒作上挪开,从而致力于帮这个令人兴奋的新领域建立 起现实世界的价值观。会中,近6000名与会者交换了 意见并探讨了合作机会,这些区块链和深科技的利益相 关者们的观点明显与我一致。

Similarly, the Winter edition of the AIBC summit is setting itself up

同样,AIBC的冬季峰会也将会非常有意义,像Anthony

to be very promising, with industry thought leaders like Anthony

Pompliano,Akon,Yorick Wilks,Bobby Lee等行业思

Pompliano, Akon, Yorick Wilks, Bobby Lee and a plethora of equally

想的代表人物以及众多志趣相投的人士将在今年秋季为

worthy minds set to grace the stage this fall. The base formula remains the same: quality content focusing on emerging technology, opportunities and challenges coupled with a buzzing expo floor interspersed with lavish and casual networking events to facilitate business in and around these spheres.

这个舞台增光添彩。基本模式保持不变:保证内容的高 质量,专注讨论新兴技术,及面临的机遇和挑战,加上 热闹的世博会会场穿插着各种高端和休闲的社交活动, 将会促进这些领域及其周边业务的发展。

Naturally, it goes without saying that the Maltese government is

当然,马耳他政府也在马不停蹄地进行相应的努力,以

working around the clock to reaffirm its commitment to becoming

再次宣告其成为欧洲的“区块链之岛”和深科技中心的

the Blockchain Island and the deep tech hub in Europe as it launches

决心,并通过推出多个数字创新项目来把握这条发展道

several digitally innovative projects to lead the development

路的先机。举几个例子,马耳他政府推出举措,将教育

highway. To name a couple of examples, the government’s initiatives

证书和本地登记的财产都放在区块链上,还有通过马耳

to put both educational certificates and Malta-registered property

他人工智能工作委员会支持商业和网络安全,这些都表

on the blockchain, as well as the government’s efforts to support business and cyber security via the Malta AI task force speak to

明了马耳他将坚持在这条道路上走在前列的决心。

Malta’s determination to continue to lead the way.

Issue 3

#AIBCsummit | 97


98

| #AIBCsummit

Issue 3


FEATURE 专题报道 CATAGORY

Embedded within these initiatives is the steadfast idea to

Deep tech and innovation requires significant

be the first to regulate and push compelling innovation to

investment and has a major economic and social impact.

the forefront of these diverse industries. Our drill-down

This global approach is set to be echoed at the summit

“ We decided to swim against the tide and focus on moving beyond the hype, while also helping to build real world value in this exciting new space “

content will be covered

as investors and VC’s from Asia and the US save the

via our workshops, which

dates for the Malta AIBC summit Winter edition. Both

among other things

our networking events and content strategy reflect this

will focus on quantum

move in a bid to jumpstart our already highly popular

technology, cyber security,

start-up initiatives, where we push the entrepreneurial

AI & BC for education as

ecosystem by offering 100 innovative start-ups a free

well as healthcare. The

exhibitor’s booth at the summit.

idea is to build a space for academia, business and

All the while, we’re also working on the Manila AIBC

entrepreneurial minds to

summit of next year, where we translate our expectations

flourish and intermingle

of continued growth in the Asian market into action.

as we work to close the

Blockchain, artificial intelligence, medical technology,

knowledge gap between all

as well as venture capital building will be a big focus,

three sectors.

complimenting developments in the Asian landscape.

On the flip side, the main-stage is set to feature high-

This multinational approach speaks to the size and scope

level content and ground-breaking ideas which reflect

of the summit and the government’s perspective, both of

the reality on the international stage as we shine a

which have demonstrated their commitment to pushing

light on the latest news, trends and disruptive tech like

the envelope and leading the pack time and again.

decentralised governance, digital identity, blockchain in

Indeed, the future is bright, and we’re more than happy

the space industry, web 3.0, edge computing and so forth.

to light the way.

“我们决定逆水行舟,把眼光 从炒作上挪开,从而致力于 帮这个令人兴奋的新领域建 立起现实世界的价值观”

们将关注最新的新闻、趋势以及最前沿的技术,如去中心化治 理、数字身份、太空产业的区块链、Web3.0、边缘计算等等。 深科技和创新需要大量投资,并将产生重大的经济和社会影响。 亚洲和美国的投资者和风投人士都将在马耳他AIBC峰会如约而 至,届时他们将就这一全球性议题在峰会上作出回应。我们也在 策划的社交活动和峰会中反映了相对应的举措,届时将启动我们 早已非常火热的创业计划,我们将在峰会上为100家创新型初创

这些举措都拥护同一个坚定的理念,即要率先规范并推动颠覆

企业提供免费的参展商展位,借此助力推动创业生态系统。

性创新,成为这诸多产业的排头兵。我们还将有研讨会,用于

同时,我们也在为明年的马尼拉AIBC峰会而努力,届时对亚洲

探讨那些需要深入挖掘的内容,例如量子技术、网络安全,以

市场持续发展的期望将转变为现实。区块链、人工智能、医疗

及用于教育和医疗的人工智能和区块链。我们的想法就是要为

技术、风险投资建设将是亚洲发展的一大亮点。

学术界、商业界和企业界建立一个繁荣且融合的空间,尽量缩 短这三个群体之间的知识差距。

这种跨国参与的形式说明了峰会的规模和范围,以及政府的立 场,这两个方面都表明,他们在极力推动这一领域且 又一次把

另一方面,会议的大部分将以高水平的内容和突破性的理念为

握住了先机。的确,未来是光明的,我们非常乐意为这条道路

特色,这些内容和理念反映了国际舞台上的实时情况,因为我

奉献亮光。

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TECHNOLOGY AND THE CONVERGING DIGITAL WORLD 技术和融合的数字世界

IAN GAUCI IS THE MANAGING PARTNER AT GTG ADVOCATES, AFILEXION ALLIANCE & CALEDO GROUP. HE LECTURES ON LEGAL FUTURES AND TECHNOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MALTA. HERE HE WRITES ABOUT THE KEY ROLES EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES ARE EXPECTED TO PLAY IN A FAST-TURNING DIGITAL WORLD AND THE VITAL INTERPLAY NECESSARY FOR THEIR SUCCESS. Ian Gauci是GTG Advocates、Afilexion Alliance和Caledo Group的管理合伙人。他 在马耳他大学讲授法律的未来和技术。在本文中,他介绍了新兴技术在快速变化的 数字世界中所扮演的关键角色,以及这些技术为了取得成功的必要关键相互影响。

W

ith the Fourth Industrial Revolution now upon us,

functions, data collection and use, and ubiquitous access. The

we are living in a new digital world which according

IoT is a common example of technological convergence.

to Thomas Friedman has; (a) integrated circuits on

microchips, (b) memory units to store information, (c) networks

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Emerging technologies, particularly AI, blockchain and the

that help to enhance communication, (d) software applications

IoT are expected to play key roles. However, such interplay of

that provide a direct link to consumers’ needs, and (e) sensor

technologies will rely on another important component, being, big

capacity that allows artificial intelligence to analyse most things

data. Data is the lifeblood of any business, and those that leverage

which were previously only accessible to the human mind.

its use will have a competitive edge over their competitors.

This revolution is the result of ‘technological convergence’,

With the amount of digital data available in the world growing

which can be described as the concept of merging, blending,

exponentially, we are witnessing the growth of a new digital world.

integrating and transforming independent and previously

Today’s world is full of all kinds of sensors such as cameras and

unrelated technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Big

IoT sensors that collect and transfer all sorts of data to the digital

Data, robotics, Artificial Intelligence (AI), blockchain and Virtual

world. Moreover, the digital world provides ways for this data to be

Reality (VR). Joined together, a completely new technology

accessed and then utilised in the analog world. VR takes things to

is created, integrating the physical, digital and virtual worlds.

the next level, allowing us to actually step into this digital world,

Converged technologies possess three characteristics; multiple

interact with it as well as learn from it.

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FEATURE 专题报道 CATAGORY

随着第四次工业革命的到来,我们生 活在一个全新的数字世界中。Thomas Friedman认为这个世界的特征是:(a) 微芯片上的集成电路,(b) 存储信息的 存储单元,(c) 加强沟通的网络,(d) 直 接关联至消费者需求的软件应用,以及 (e) 传感器功能,允许人工智能分析以 前只有人脑可以分析的大多数事物。 这场革命是“技术融合”的产物,也就 是合并、混合、集成和转换之前不相关 的独立技术,如物联网(IoT)、大数 据、机器人、人工智能(AI)、区块链 和虚拟现实(VR)。它们共同组成了 一种全新的技术,将实体、数字和虚拟 世界整合在一起。融合技术有三大特 点:多重功能、数据收集和使用,以及 无所不在的访问。物联网是技术融合的 常见例子。 新兴技术,尤其是人工智能、区块链 和物联网,有望发挥关键作用。但技 术的这种相互作用离不开另一个重要元 素,即大数据。数据是任何企业的生命 线,能够利用数据的企业将比对手更有 竞争优势。 随着全球数字数据量呈指数增长,我们 正在见证新数字世界的快速发展。当今 的世界布满了各种传感器,如摄像头和 物联网传感器,它们收集各种数据并将 其传输到数字世界。此外,数字世界提 供了访问这些数据并在模拟世界中使用 的方法。VR将事物提升到了一个新的 水平,让我们真正进入这个数字世界, 与之互动并从中学习。

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The ultimate technology breakthrough can be seen when we leverage the integration of IoT, AI, fog computing, machine learning blockchain and big data. For instance, consider an autonomous car. With distributed and increasingly cost-effective AI engines, the vehicle can make decisions based on the massive amounts of high integrity, immutable on-chain data that is processed by fog nodes. Such technology envisages the possibility of an autonomous car that can intelligently and safely navigate with little to no human intervention, a feat that would not be possible with traditional data analysis and traditional computer and networking solutions. Technological convergence is so far reaching that it would be hard to find a business or human activity that is not considered as a target for AI in future years and decades. Technological convergence may spark a number of issues. Amongst these, converged technology may pose challenges to defining regulatory policies, roles, and responsibilities. Determining oversight jurisdictions and regulatory authorities for converged technologies may become complicated as the boundaries that once separated singlefunction technologies are blended together. Interestingly, EU lawmakers foresaw the emergence of technological convergence from as early as 2002, demanding convergence-aware regulatory treatment of telecoms, broadcasting, and information society services. The fusion of the digital

“ Regulation must adapt in order to avoid functional equivalence fallacies and inapplicable regulatory silos �

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and physical worlds will undoubtedly bring about new risks, forcing us to redefine and change many of our laws and policies to mitigate such risks and foster the safe functioning


FEATURE 专题报道

of the new digital economy. Harmonisation between different

end users. With such a dependence on the ubiquitous software

nations and their laws will also be fundamental.

elements, the regulatory focus should not focus exclusively on

In this converging new world, certain characteristics still have a ubiquitous scope. Firstly, certain software exists across a wide spectrum of devices, resulting in a modern society that

the new converged technologies, but also consider carefully the software used in sensitive cases, which effects human rights and which can affect the social fabric of our society.

largely relies on functions and features nascent from software

Regulation must adapt in order to avoid functional equivalence

across different sectors, and this in turn can be its Achilles

fallacies and inapplicable regulatory silos. To ensure

heel. Secondly, whilst it is undeniable that technological

technological transparency, coders and developers creating

transformation and innovation bring new features and

software falling in safety critical categories need to be warranted

functions nascent from merging technologies, the human

or licensed like other professionals in society. Software and its

brain and workmanship still underpin such functions and

functions and features will also need to be audited with means to

features. Moreover, even the end users of such technologies

identify and rectify fault, tested and certified. It is also imperative

are ultimately human. Thus, even in such new converged

that any input data used by software including big data is

technologies, any elements of ubiquitous software containing

ascertained and trustworthy. The trust element in a converged

perennial security issues will ultimately impact humans as the

digital world must start from here.

当我们利用物联网、人工智能、雾计算、机器学习、区块链和大数

“监管必须得到适当的调整, 以避免产生功能对等谬误或 成为并不适用的监管孤岛”

据的集成时,最终的技术突破就会开始涌现。例如自动驾驶汽车。 借助分布式且性价比越来越高的人工智能引擎,车辆可以根据雾节 点处理的大量高完整性、不可变的链上数据做出决策。借助这种技 术,自动驾驶汽车有望在几乎没有人为干预的情况下智能安全地进 行导航,这是传统数据分析、传统计算机和网络解决方案无法实现 的壮举。 目前为止,技术融合的覆盖面非常广泛,很难找到未来几

领域推出的新功能,而这反过来又可能是其致命弱点。其次,虽然

年和几十年无法被人工智能优化的企业或人类活动。

不可否认技术转型和创新会促进融合技术孕育出各种新功能,但人

技术融合可能引发许多问题。例如融合的技术可能对监管政策、角 色和责任的定义构成挑战。确定融合技术的监管辖区和监管机构的 过程可能会变得很复杂,因为将曾经单一功能技术分离的边界融合 到了一起。有趣的是,欧盟立法者早在2002年就预见到了技术融合 的出现,并要求对电信、广播和信息社会服务有意识地进行融合监 管处理。 数字世界和现实世界的融合无疑将带来新的风险,迫使我们重新定 义和改变我们的许多法律和政策,以减轻这些风险并促使新数字经 济安全运作。不同国家及其法律之间的协调也将是至关重要的。

类的头脑和工艺仍是这些功能的基础。而且,这些技术的终端用户 仍是人类。因此,即使是在这些新的融合技术中,包含长期安全问 题的通用软件中的任何元素最终都会影响作为终端用户的人类。由 于对广泛应用的软件元素的依赖,监管重点不应仅仅关注新的融合 技术,还应仔细考虑敏感情况中使用的软件,以免影响人权乃至整 个社会的结构。 监管必须得到适当的调整,以避免产生功能对等谬误或成为并不适用 的监管孤岛。 为确保技术透明度,应像对待其他社会专业人员一样 对开发重要安全类别的软件的编码人员和开发人员提供担保或许可。 还需要通过适当的手段审核、测试和认证软件及其功能,以识别和纠

在这个融合的新世界中,某些特征仍是无处不在的。首先,某些软

正错误。另外,软件使用的任何输入数据(包括大数据)必须是明确

件得到广泛的采用,导致现代社会在很大程度上依赖于软件在不同

且可信的。做到这些,人们才能开始信任融合数字世界。

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Decentralized Culture Magazine

Our aim is to create and broadcast the blockchain culture What is ÁGORA?

Which are the main goals?

ÁGORA is the flagship community and magazine in Spanish where to educate and discuss in relation to the improvements and challenges that the blockchain technologies offer on decentralization, liquid democracy, education, freedom, privacy and transparency taken from a positive social impact on the commons.

The AgoraChain association is a non-for-profit organization and its main objectives are to create and broadcast the blockchain culture and paradigm along with the disruptive technologies across several media resources. It aims to establish and promote good practices between the projects derived from the use of such technologies, with special interest on blockchain.

How did it all begin? The project debuted in January 2018 with the first edition of the magazine along with the website and the Telegram groups and channels. On its first anniversary, the core team agreed to move forward and perform a full rebranding, including the name shortening from ÁgoraChain to ÁGORA, as well as propelling the partnerships and raising awareness among the Spanish speaking world population. Tell us about the ÁGORA magazine Rather than covering the news, the focus of the magazine, and hence its web blog, is placed on bringing insights and opening constructive debates around the challenges and proposals derived from these tools for financial freedom. The ÁGORA magazine is issued quarterly on digital support free for the community. Due to the growing demand, the magazine is also available on paper, both on meetups, shops and events, so as to further improve our audience reach, apart from the crypto niche.

Who is behind the project? Almost ten people are currently are highly involved in day-to-day work. All the workload of the association and the magazine is managed in an agile manner using several online tools and communication channels as we all live in different parts of Spain. On every new release we gather virtually to rejoice in good company and set up the procedures in order to keep improving. What are the future plans for ÁGORA? Latin America should have a clear and sound voice in the project. In that sense, we focus on strengthening the collaboration with their communities and learning from their huge potential. At the same time, we will keep spreading the word of blockchain between the wide Spanish-speaking community. Moreover, we will soon release a book about computer safety, published under the ÁGORA label, the first of many to come. agorachain.org


WHO’S WHO

IN THE #AIBC ECOSYSTEM

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FLEXIBLE

CRYPTO

CREDIT TRANSFERS

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WHO’S WHO

ROBERTO CIOFFI

BRENDAN MCKITTRICK

The 8Pay protocol enables any private user or vendor, typically a merchant, to create a payment system whose parameters are clearly defined. An intuitive system ensures that merchants do not require any coding knowledge or familiarity with smart contracts to set up fixed, recurring and on-demand payments.

www.8pay.network

Aeroband seek to revolutionise the airline industry by improving revenues, reducing costs, and transforming customer experience. Leveraging the Holochain DLT they are building a unique blockchain called AEROBLOC, bringing transparency, efficiency and trust to aviation stakeholders and their customers. Through the use of innovative applications based on AEROBLOC airlines can reconnect directly with their industry peers and their customers, and retain revenues.

TAL TEPERBERG

MARK BERGER

Algoz, a Fingenom Group company, specialises in the development of trading algorithms and the deployment of such algorithms in cryptocurrency markets. Since 2016 Algoz has been providing various financial solutions such as market making, brokerage and OTC to numerous, including some of the top-funded, crypto projects and leading exchanges.

AlphaPoint is a white-label software company powering crypto exchanges worldwide. Through its secure, scalable, and customisable distributed ledger platform, AlphaPoint enables customers to launch and operate markets, as well as digitise assets. AlphaPoint and its award winning blockchain technology have helped institutions discover and execute their blockchain strategies since 2013.

www.algoz.io

www.alphapoint.com

DANIELE IZZO

MARK ATTARD

Amon.Tech is a multi-platform wallet that allows users to store, exchange, invest, spend, and lend traditional and digital assets assisted by our Artificial Intelligence system. We are creating a bridge between traditional and digital currencies.

Forming part of BDO’s Global Network, BDO Malta is an endto-end corporate services & business advisory firm assisting companies in accelerating growth through exceptional client service. BDO is the first licensed Systems Auditor & VFA Agent.

www.amon.tech

www.bdo.com.mt

GEORGE ZARYA

PAUL BAO

CBDO

Co-Founder

CEO

CEO

BEQUANT is a leading cryptocurrency exchange based in London and Malta. Created by outstanding technical minds, experienced finance professionals and traders, BEQUANT specialises in servicing institutional investors and professional traders. Other services include prime brokerage, margin trading, crypto loans, OTC block trading, custodial services and co-location services.

Founder

Regional Director

CEO

CEO

BitCherry is the first distributed e-commerce network in the world, committed to empowering the traditional retail service industry through blockchain technology, and creating a new shared e-commerce super ecosystem.

www.bitcherry.io

www.bequant.pro

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WHO’S WHO

MEGAN LI

EDWARD LI

CEO

CMO

BitDesk is a blockchain integrated marketing and consulting firm. With a diverse background in blockchain, PR and marketing, finance and technology, our team creates specialised marketing strategies for clients to accelerate their global expansion. Our services include: Global market expansion and localization, media relations, global events, roadshow and meet-ups, community management and KOLs.

BitTok is a global new digital asset management platform. Its core functions are storage, transaction and asset appreciation. It is an indispensable digital asset “smart housekeeper” for individual and institutional investors.

www.bittok.io

www.bitdesk.sg

CHRISTIAN PLATZER

JONATHAN GALEA

Tokenisation as a Service®: Black Manta Capital Partners® are a one-stop-agency for all technical, financial, and legal aspects of Tokenisation. We are a multi-STO platform, licenced by BaFin, in Germany.

Blockchain Advisory Limited is one of the very few Maltese advisory firms which has actively worked on past and present ICOs, STOs, exchanges, and crypto-funds. Its Managing Director, Jonathan Galea, and Partner, Anton Dalli, have been active in the field of blockchain and cryptocurrencies for more than ten years collectively.

Co-Founder & Managing Partner

www.blackmanta.capital

Managing Director

www.bca.com.mt

JEVGENIJS PODBREZSKIS

DR. IAN GAUCI

BTCBIT is a reliable and convenient cryptocurrency exchange service provider and payment processor that delivers services in more than 220 destinations. The company has an impeccable reputation for striving for the pursuit of high ethical standards and quality of services to its customers the world over.

Caledo houses advocates, academics, technologists, policy and regulatory experts, economists, and security and fintech specialists, to provide its clients with an exceptional one-stopshop environment. In a world where developments in technology are constantly pushing the boundaries of laws and society, we believe that an interdisciplinary expertise is the lynchpin for innovation in our industry.

Founder & CEO

www.btcbit.net

Managing Partner

www.caledogroup.com

RAUL L. LAMBINO

Administrator and Chief Executive Officer The Cagayan Economic Zone Authority (CEZA) is a government-owned and controlled corporation tasked to manage and supervise the development of the Cagayan Special Economic Zone and Freeport (CSEZFP) attracting legitimate and productive local and foreign investments and creating employment opportunities. As an economic zone, it also aims to develop the whole area into a self-sustaining industrial, commercial investment, financial and tourism-recreational centre.

www.ceza.gov.ph

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BEATRICE COLLECT Managing Director

Chiliz is a digital currency for sports and entertainment platforms. It fuels the world’s first scalable, tokenised voting platform, Socios.com where fans can buy, trade, and execute voting rights in their favourite sports teams.

www.chiliz.com


WHO’S WHO

LUKE OZIMSKI

BOB RAS

CoinCasso is a democratic cryptocurrency, fully licensed, located in the European Union company. Our vision is to create the most efficient solutions for exchange service and trade platform, connected to the network of ATMs for users. As the first on the market, we give financial benefits to active members.

CoinField’s mission is to harness mass adoption of the cryptocurrency ecosystem by enabling people globally to have access to the crypto markets in a compliant, efficient, and secure manner. Our products include a professional trading platform, app, white label Exchange solutions and OTC desk for both individual and institutional entities.

CEO & Co-founder

www.coincasso.com

CEO

www.coinfield.com

MAX KRUPYSHEV

MEGHAN GARDLER

CoinsPaid has been providing cryptocurrency payment services for businesses since 2014. CoinsPaid’s goal is to create the perfect processing ecosystem for businesses and an easy-to-use cryptocurrency wallet for users with an emphasis on security, reliability, and transaction speed.

The trusted crypto banking platform to the world’s leading wallets, exchanges, and retail partners. Cred has one of the most comprehensive insurance policies available on the market, including cyber hacking, E&O and regulatory coverage. The company is one of the fastest growing lending eco systems in the crypto community.

CEO

www.coinspaid.com

Director of Marketing

www.mycred.io

CRYPTOLAW PARTNERS

GORDON EINSTEIN Founding Partner

CryptoLaw Partners is passionate about crypto and blockchain law. Its legal practice includes working with startups, securities law, ICOs, fund formation, AML/KYC compliance, money transmitter regulation, jurisdiction selection, and related areas. The firm is dedicated to advancing the global state of the law and works with government regulators. Mr. Einstein, its founding attorney, frequently speaks and educates both in the United States and aboard.

MIHKAIL KVASNIKOV CEO

CryptoUniverse is a technological leader in Russia when it comes to implementing blockchain technology and digital economy development. The company is a national leader in providing cloud mining services and is the owner of the country’s largest mining center in terms of total area and power capacity.

www.cryptouniverse.io

www.cryptolawpartners.com

FELIX MAGO

LYLE WRAXALL

Dash is a payments-centric digital currency that enables anyone to make quick, easy and cost-effective payments at any time, anywhere in the world, without going through a central authority. Based on a decentralised peer-to-peer network and secured by strong cryptography, Dash offers a safe and userfriendly payment method without barriers.

Digital Isle of Man is responsible for the thriving Digital sector in the Isle of Man, spanning the Island’s international e-Gaming industry, successful digital economy, and innovative digital media sector. Digital Isle of Man works with Government, private industry and key associations to create the right environment for the sector.

www.dash.org

www.digitalisleofman.com

Co-Founder

CEO

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WHO’S WHO

VALENTINA DROFA

KARL SCHRANZ

CEO

Director

Drofa CA is an international communications agency established in 2010. We are working in the interest of fintech and blockchain companies, offering an integrated approach to communications, aimed at bringing real business value with tangible results. Our goal is to create perception, a public vision of trust that will act as a foundation for your successful future.

E&S Group is a boutique, multi-disciplinary practice based in Malta, with a track record in providing corporate, commercial, tax and trust and fiduciary services and with a strong focus in advisory services in relation to ICO and token offerings and other crypto related activities carried out in terms of Maltese law. In 2019, the Group established a Fintech division to be a key contributor and builder of the blockchain and Fintech ecosystem, handling banking and payment solutions.

www.drofa-ra.com

www.ellulschranz.com

CLARENCE LIU

PIERRE MIFSUD

With 50% of Bitcoin’s hashpower and an Ethereum compatible sidechain, Elastos is building the blockchain industry’s most comprehensive Web 3.0 platform. Elastos employs not only a main chain and sidechain architecture, but a peer-to-peer network, decentralised data storage services, a decentralised ID system and a community grant fund for projects to begin building on the platform.

EMD Advocates is a leading law firm based in Valletta, Malta servicing local and international operators in areas including blockchain, ICOs, STOs, iGaming, financial services, and tax amongst others. EMD is able to advise and assist in regulatory authorisation as well as provide on-going legal and regulatory advice and compliance.

Partner

VP of Development

www.emd.com.mt

www.elastos.org

FEDERICA TACCOGNA

LLOYD PURSER

FTI is a global consultancy, providing compliance services (including AML/CFT services and platforms) with emphasis on advanced analytics and pragmatism. Our goal is to help firms achieve compliance without sacrificing commercial competitiveness.

FunFair was created in 2017 by igaming veterans Jeremy Longley, Oliver Hopton and technology entrepreneur and investor Jez San OBE and has since expanded to become the largest and most experienced team in blockchain gaming. FunFair is the leading provider of blockchain-powered casino technology to the gaming sector.

Managing Director

www.fticonsulting.com

SVP Business Development

www.funfair.io

KISHORE MANSINGHANI

TZAHI KANZA

Future1Exchange is an Institutional Grade digital asset exchange platform designed for both professional traders and retail investors. The platform allows users to buy, sell, and store digital assets. It is registered and licensed to provide cryptocurrency-tofiat exchange and wallet services. The conduct of its operations is covered by the Estonian law.

FutureBlock is a unique Blockchain startups investment and acceleration program. FutureBlock incubates and invests in Blockchain startups with proven business models. We provide deep operational support to startups and help them build market-leading Blockchain companies.

Founder & CEO

www.future1exchange.com

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Managing Partner

www.futureblockhub.com


WHO’S WHO

HAYATO TERAI

MARIE TATIBOUET

GanaEight Coin (“G8C”), part of the Ganapati Group, is leading the evolution of iGaming into blockchain. With experts in online casino, tech, finance and Japanese content, G8C is an unprecedented, transparent approach to creating value through blockchain, with a brand-new stablecoin and payment solution for the online casino world.

Gate.io is a global blockchain assets exchange platform. Established in 2013 and developed fully in-house, Gate.io enables blockchain enthusiasts to trade and store assets in over 200 of the leading cryptocurrencies. Gate.io sets itself apart by prioritising security and experience, providing users with quick and easy ac-cess to assets.

www.ganapati.io

www.gate.io

OLIVER LA ROSA

DAVID POPE

Globiance Limited is a private company, registered in the UK, offering exchange and trading of crypto and FIAT currencies, payment solutions and worldwide money transfers via its fully owned and licensed subsidiaries in Malta, Globiance Exchange Ltd and Globiance Payment Ltd. Globiance also plans to offer a trading platform for investors covering all traditional financial products.

At HooYu we offer the most innovative services for ID verification and investigation of people and businesses. Our range of services help operators to meet age and identity verification compliance, whilst delivering a smooth global customer onboarding experience.

CEO

CEO

CMO

Marketing Director

www.hooyubusiness.com

www.globiance.com

AIBEK AMANDANOV

GUILHERME JOVANOVIĆ

Human Plus is a young South Korean company that strives to create a new global paradigm in blockchain based everyday economy via its human-centric payment solution called HUPAYX that aims to transform traditional payment infrastructure with all-in-one blockchain based cryptocurrency payment platform specifically designed for real everyday economy.

Indacoin is a cryptocurrency exchange and iOS/Android app that offers a unique ability to buy over 100 altcoins with Visa & Mastercard. Operating in the UK since 2014, its primary focus is to provide secure bank card payments and enabling other projects to sell their tokens instantly worldwide.

Head of Global Marketing

Business Development Director

www.indacoin.com

www.hupayx.com

PAUL MATHIESON

ERIC FALZONE

Investment Evolution is a Malta-based company with its own IEC cryptocurrency coin/network and operates the IECX Malta cryptocurrency exchange. IEC cryptocurrency facilitates fast and free international payments to the Philippines by Filipino OFWs in Europe. We also provide cryptocurrency token creation/ exchange listing services and plan to offer cryptocurrency loans.

IT Legals Ltd (ITL) specializes in “Anti-Money Laundering (AML)” and “Counter-Terrorist Financing (CTF)” web applications and due diligence back-office services for the blockchain industry. ITL’s AMLEXA, is the first Artificial Intelligence Platform for the “Remote Customer Due Diligence”, that automates Identification, Risk Assessment and On-going Monitoring.

www.investmentevolution.com

www.amlexa.com

Founder & CEO

Director

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123, St. George’s Road, St. Julian’s, Malta

2000 sq.m of New, Highly Finished Office Space ...in the Heart of St. Julian’s

Offices finished to the highest standards and equipped with all necessary services and systems creating a modern, cutting-edge office space environment. Located in the central part of St. Julian’s/Paceville area, this office block sits right opposite Mercury Tower, overlooking planned piazza. This property is located just 2 minutes away from bus stops, 5 minutes away from closest taxi stand and within walking distance from prime renting localities such as Swieqi, Pembroke, Ibragg and Sliema. These offices are within Malta’s prime entertaining/nightlife hub.

Project Completion: 2020

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WHO’S WHO

VITALY MZOKOV

CHRISTOS KINANIS

Kaspersky is a global cybersecurity company, which has been operating for over 21 years. More than 400 millions users are protected and we help 270,000 corporate clients protect what matters most to them. Kaspersky deep threat intelligence and security expertise is constantly transforming into innovative blockchain solutions and services.

Kinanis represents a legal and fiduciary group of companies with 35 years of experience with offices in Malta, Cyprus and a representative office in China. The group is staffed with around 80 professionals, lawyers and accountants and has a business-oriented approach, providing proactive legal, tax, vat, regulatory and ICO consulting.

www.kaspersky.com

www.kinanis.com

JUANITA BROCKDORFF

DENNIS MARK GAUCI

KPMG in Malta is a multidisciplinary firm committed to supporting clients in the emerging technology, DLT and AI spaces. It is a recognised systems auditor and one of the leading providers of tax, advisory and audit services, with a dedicated cross-functional team servicing Emerging Tech clients.

KSi Malta is a corporate and private client advisory, accounting, audit and tax firm providing a full range of financial, legal, and business advisory services to a diversified client base. KSi Malta is a member of Morison KSi, a global association of leading professional service firms, established to meet cross-border accounting, auditing, tax and business consulting needs of clients.

Head of the Innovation Hub

DLT Leader

www.kpmg.com.mt

General Partner

Partner

www.ksimalta.com

SERGEI KHITROV

YELENA KENSBORN

Listing.help is the largest agency in the market for listing on 100+ crypto exchanges and for IEO on 30+ exchanges. Over 400 listed projects, short listing timelines and prices 2-3 times lower than official only for Listing.help customers.

LUCKY.io is the world’s first-ever blockchain-based casino where players become the house by owning the platform tokens. It encourages the community to fully participate and, ultimately, run the platform by submitting and running their own games, validate transactions, participate in voting as well as other blockchain features that splits the ownership between different parties, based on their contribution. As a result, players gain even when they lose as the value of the token will be going up through liquidity.

Founder & CEO

www.listing.help

Head of Community and PR

www.lucky.io

STEPHEN MCCARTHY CEO

MDIA is the primary authority responsible for supporting all governmental policies that promote Malta as the centre for excellence for technological innovation, while setting and enforcing standards that ensure compliance with international obligations. The Authority seeks to protect and support all users and also encourages all types of innovations, by allowing for maximum flexibility when it comes to the certification of Innovative Technology Arrangements.

www.mdia.gov.mt

MALCOLM BRIFFA

Director of Business Services We provide smart solutions for business, combining the most powerful internet network in Europe with the most advanced mobile network to enable IoT capabilities. Our purposebuilt Data Centre provides high security, cloud services and connectivity whilst our dedicated support teams and our fully redundant international links keep your business running.

www.melitadatacentre.com

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WHO’S WHO

ALEXEY SIDOROWICH

Sales & Marketing director

STEPHEN MEADE

Founder & Chairman

Merkeleon specialises on ready-to-go Crypto Commerce & Trading Software and Premium technical Support for online business during the last 10 years. Our main products are 1st audited Crypto Currency Exchange software, Online Auction and Marketplace software, Crypto Processing and Payments solution.

MonetaPro is a B2B platform that operates as a sell-for-credit exchange. MonetaPro allows companies to list goods and services for sale at prices they determine. With MonetaPro, businesses can freely buy and sell goods and services to other businesses across all vertical markets & industries.

www.merkeleon.at

www.monetapro.io

RANDY BOYER

IMRE FAZEKAS

Network Society Lab (NSL) is a venture development advisory firm headquartered in Malta with offices in Argentina, Australia and the United States. It focuses on adding value to startup, early-stage, and growth companies that are based upon exponential technologies and decentralised networks, including blockchain and artificial intelligence technologies.

By accumulating 10+ years of experience, we built a compliant core banking solution using privileged blockchain ensuring credible data management with exceptionally high transaction rate and unmatched flexible analytical system which scales and expands with you. As a small group of IT, financial and legal experts, we are working relentlessly to help our business partners to find finance as a tool serving your needs.

CEO

www.netsoclab.com

Co-founder

www.nlv8.com

TOBIAS ADLER

DAVIDE CUTTINI

Nuco.cloud (short of nubes computatrum) is a blockchain based distributed computing cloud developed by the Iron Eagle Capital GmbH. It is based on BOINC (Berkeley Open Infrastructure Network Computing), the scientific computing cloud of the University of California, Berkeley, and Gridcoin. As BOINC is only available for scientific research, the nuco.cloud opens it up for commercial use.

OVR is a World Scale, Augmented Reality platform powered by Ethereum Blockchain and Loom. OVR makes it possible for users provided with a mobile device or a smart glass to live interactive augmented reality experiences customized in the real world. OVR is a new standard in augmented reality where spaces, assets, and currency are fully decentralised.

CEO

CEO

www.ovr.ai

www.nuco.cloud

NIKOLAI TIMOFEJEV

SCOTT PURCELL

Prifinance is a safe and legal way of funding your blockchain project. We will bring your start-up to a successful ICO, backing you team in every aspect. We have an extensive experience in obtaining licenses for the crypto exchange activity and are able to advise you about the legal status of cryptocurrencies in any country.

Company description: Prime Trust is a technology-driven financial institution, that as a qualified custodian provides FIAT and token custody, funds processing, AML and KYC compliance, and transaction technology for the new digital economy. Its mission is to provide exchanges, portals, platforms, brokers, investment advisors, stablecoins, and others, with smart API solutions to seamlessly meet the needs of their businesses.

Partner & COO

www.prifinance.com

CEO

www.primetrust.com

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WHO’S WHO

DMITRI LIHNO

Head of Estonian branch Private Financial Services is a reputed and established player in the financial and legal services market, having its representative office in Estonia, Latvia, and Russia. In operation since 1998. As from 2015 we also provide legal services and licensing for crypto business. PFSER has assisted more than 70 crypto-projects all over the world.

www.pfser.com

DANIEL DABEK Founder

Safex is connecting the world through a decentralized marketplace embedded in the blockchain. Cryptocurrency and blockchain technology have enabled people all over the world to conduct trade in the process establishing the world marketplace. A decentralised community for ecommerce in the digital age.

www.safex.io

RENE POMASSL

IAN MCAFEE

Salamantex is a fintech and blockchain company based in Austria focusing on crypto payment solutions for merchants. The Salamantex crypto payment solutions can be used on their own developed payment terminals or can be integrated into existing POS systems, smartphones, tablets and online shops. Salamantex is also focusing on blockchain and crypto development, research and consulting.

Shift Markets provides cryptocurrency exchange software, brokerage trading technology, liquidity, digital asset listing and tokenisation services to a global clientele. Based in New York City since 2009, we have over 40 years of cumulative electronic trading experience and an extensive FX broker network across the world.

Founder & CEO

CEO & Co-Founder

www.shiftmarkets.com

www.salamantex.com

MICHAEL STEEN PEDERSEN

KRISTINA SHEREMET

SOHO Office Space is Malta’s largest serviced office and coworking network, housing more than 4500sqm of office space. SOHO’s third unique office location features a member’s café, lounge bar, and top of the art event space. Join us on our rooftop terraced bar, experiencing the prime SOHO community feel.

STOBOX is a full service provider for tokenization of investment assets based in Malta. We offer turnkey solutions to launch an STO including technological, legal and marketing service. Our clients are small and medium enterprises aiming to expand the geography of investors and gain awareness in investor communities around the globe.

Co-Founder & Director

www.sohomalta.com

CMO

www.stoboxplatfom.com

MARIO CARLINI

DAN POH

AiliA SA is a Swiss company based in the canton of Zug, founded in 2014 as a consultancy and IT services company. Takamaka, founded in 2017, currently supplies services in the fields of information technology and innovation processes in the area of blockchain technology.

traceto.io is a decentralised Know Your Customer (KYC) network that provides an inclusive KYC solution to cryptocurrency and blockchain product companies, by fusing Smart Contract and Artificial Intelligence technologies. Leveraging on over 5 decades of experience in Compliance and RegTech, traceto.io’s vision is to bridge the gap between the real and virtual world KYC processes.

CEO

www.takamaka.io

Chief Marketing Officer

www.traceto.io

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FIRM PHILOSOPHY PRACTICE AREAS ICO, IEO, & STO Advising Regulatory

CHICAGO

SILICON VALLEY

LOS ANGELES

Suite 600

FIRM CONTACT: Partner: Josh Lawler

|

jlawler@zuberlawler.com

WWW.ZUBERLAWLER.COM

NEW YORK


WHO’S WHO

ROMAN POTEMKIN CEO

ANGELO DALLI CEO

Get paid in crypto and cash out in EUR with TRASTRA payment cards issued by VISA. You’ll get BTC, ETH, XRP, LTC and BCH wallets to send and receive cryptocurrency and a TRASTRA payment card for exchanging crypto for EUR and spending it in daily life or cashing out at an ATM.

Umnai is an AI focused solutions provider that is creating new AI technology that can explain itself and its decisions. Our ethical AI solutions assist people to achieve their full potential, rather than replacing them. Our emphasis is on achieving a positive social impact through creativity and innovation.

www.trastra.com

www.umn.ai

MARCO BUGELLI

ROBERT ELLUL MICALLEF

Vistra is a market-leading provider of corporate services in 46 jurisdictions, focused on giving Blockchain & Crypto operators tailor-made solutions with a global approach. We offer regulatory and legal expertise, company formation & bank account opening services, ITO/STO, Tax Compliance, GDPR and Residence Services, as well as IT Consulting/Audit services (with our partners).

Vodafone has a long history of technological innovation. For many years, companies have looked to Vodafone to confidently connect them to the rest of the world. Vodafone Malta is the island’s leading telecommunications provider, delivering an unparalleled level of support and having been the first to launch 4.5G mobile data speeds locally in addition to boasting an unmatched 4G roaming footprint of over 130 countries.

Managing Director

www.vistra.com

Solutions & Innovation Senior Manager

www.vodafone.com.mt/business

URSZULA CZERPAK

MARCO PAGANI

Wallet Top Up is London based crypto currency startup offering custom branded gift cards. Its mission is to increase adoption of crypto currencies and promotion of crypto currency businesses.

WizKey is an Ethereum-based finance infrastructure to trade loans and invoice receivables, and to carry out structured finance transactions. With WizKey banks and enterprises are turning their receivables into secure and liquid tokens quoted on the global digital market to enhance their transparency, liquidity and their value. WizKey is the corporate gateway for finance transactions on the Ethereum blockchain.

CEO

www.wallettopup.co.uk

CEO

www.wizkey.io

MAX KANTELIA

JOSH LAWLER

Zilliqa is a high-throughput public blockchain platform that aims to make decentralised blockchains the building block of future enterprises and applications. Developed through academic research and helmed by a team of experienced scientists, engineers, venture creators and leaders in the financial services, Zilliqa addresses limitations in scalability and security, enabling real-world usability across a variety of industries, including finance, digital advertising, and gaming.

Zuber Lawler is a minority owned law firm specialising in public and private finance, mergers and acquisitions, securities law compliance, intellectual property, commercial litigation and regulatory compliance and white collar criminal defense.

Chief Evangelist & Co-Founder

Partner

www.zuberlawler.com

www.zilliqa.com

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MEDIA PARTNERS

MEDIA PARTNERS The mission of AI Time Journal is to divulge information and knowledge about Artificial Intelligence, the changes that are coming and new opportunities to use A.I. technology to benefit humanity. AI Time Journal promotes Artificial Intelligence initiatives that enable people with knowledge the tools to have an impact through A.I.

www.aitimejournal.com

AMBCrypto is an independent cryptocurrency news publishing platform with a comprehensive ICO listing page, a dedicated real-time live cryptocurrency price ticker page and a blog section with a reach of over a million users worldwide. Conceptualised and brought to life in 2018, we are a young and vibrant start-up on an upward climb to the top. We take great pride in the fact that we are a nonfunded organisation and have seen exponential growth since inception. We are among the top cryptocurrency media portals in the world.

www.ambcrypto.com

Asia Blockchain Review aims to connect all blockchain enthusiasts on a regional scale, facilitating the technological underpinnings of blockchain through a range of group discussions, technical workshops, conferences and consulting programs.

BeInCrypto provides an inside perspective on the latest trends in an emerging market while keeping our audience abreast of the hottest news, as it breaks. Each team member adheres to a strict set of journalistic principles and ethics in order to provide readers with only the highest-quality content.

www.asiablockchainreview.com

www.beincrypto.com

Bitcoin Garden is a news site and discussion forum about Bitcoin, fintech and other applications of the blockchain technology. Launched in March 2013, since the very beginning Bitcoin Garden has always paid special attention to the world of alternative cryptocurrencies.

blockcast.it is a Chinese media focusing on blockchain related news and articles. We serve our contents to all Chinese regions including China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau. Beginners to professionals are all our target audience, and our contents cover cryptocurrency investment to technical discovery.

www.bitcoingarden.org

www.blockcast.it

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MEDIA PARTNERS

Blokt is a leading tech, cryptocurrency, privacy, bitcoin, and blockchain resource. We provide the latest in breaking crypto news, cryptocurrency and privacy guides, price analysis, security tips, and industry tools.

www.blokt.com

In 2017, the Calvin Ayre Media group acquired and relaunched CoinGeek.com as a cryptocurrency news site with a focus on the technology of Bitcoin, now reborn as Bitcoin SV (BSV). We want to provide fair coverage of the entire cryptocurrency industry and highlight people and companies doing their part to live up to the true vision of the Satoshi Nakamoto whitepaper.

www.coingeek.com

Bringing you news, analysis, opinion and insight from the fast-moving blockchain world. Our team of journalists and contributors cover the likes of cryptocurrencies, wallets, exchanges and ICOs across a wide range of sectors including retail, fintech, banking and gaming. We go beyond the press releases and marketing hype to tackle all the industry topics that matter.

Cryptimi.com is a professional digital currency review site. Cryptimi provides objective reviews and test each product thoroughly as part of the review process, only giving high marks to the very best. Easy to follow guides, investment opportunities, technical analysis & important news updates keep crypto enthusiasts active & informed.

www.coinrivet.com

www.cryptimi.com

NewsBTC is a news service that covers bitcoin news, technical analysis & forecasts for bitcoin and other altcoins. Here at NewsBTC, we are dedicated to enlightening people all around the world about bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. We cover news related to bitcoin exchanges, bitcoin mining and price forecasts for various virtual currencies.

Share Talk produces its own Audio Podcasts, Video interviews, Question & Answer articles that cover all sectors of the investment markets. We publish informed discussions with various companies. This includes regular company updates, interviews with the Management teams and information from companies that we believe will offer future shareholder value.

www.newsbtc.com

www.share-talk.com

The Times of Malta is an English-language daily newspaper in Malta. Founded in 1935, by Lord and Lady Strickland’s daughter Mabel, it is the oldest daily newspaper still in circulation in Malta. It has the widest circulation and is seen as the daily newspaper of “reference” of the Maltese press.

If you’re looking for a site where you can learn anything and everything about digital assets, then Wallet Investor is your best choice. We get you educated on the rudiments of cryptography and virtual coin investment.

www.timesofmalta.com

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www.walletinvestor.com


The world of iGaming is evolving into blockchain

THIS IS THE G8C ERA Brought to you by iGaming industry pioneers, Ganapati, G8C is an unprecedented, transparent approach to creating value through blockchain. Introducing a brand-new stablecoin and payment solution for the online casino world.

www.ganapati.io info@ganapati.com Issue 3

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Issue 3

Profile for MaltaAIBlockchainSummit

The BLOCK Issue 3  

The BLOCK Issue 3  

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