makingit_20_pp6-13_globalforum.qxp_print 16/11/2015 15:45 Page 7
For further discussion of the issues raised in Making It, please visit the magazine website at www.makingitmagazine.net and our Twitter page, @makingitmag. Readers are encouraged to surf on over to these sites to join in the online discussion and debate about industry for development. This process happened without adequate planning and included placing the urban poor in marginalized slum areas most vulnerable to disaster risk and climate change. Twenty-six per cent of the urban population lives in poverty or extreme poverty and nearly one in four people live in slums. The Initiative hopes to address these challenges by developing planning tools like greenhouse gas inventories and risk maps, as well as action plans that include lowcarbon and climate-resilient development. The Initiative supports local efforts to improve the quality of life of citizens, focusing particularly on the urban poor. For example, an upgrade of the public transport system in La Paz, in Mexico, provides cleaner, more efficient and comfortable buses for up to 50,000 people per day. Street improvements in Mar del Plata, in Argentina, have enhanced walkability for more than 13,000 pedestrians every day. The action plan for Managua, in Nicaragua, includes a programme for upgrading poor neighbourhoods with new social housing, public transport and storm water drainage. Khanna talked about the need for shared responsibility between the public and private sectors – “what I call hybrid
governance”, he writes, where industry plays an essential role in building sustainable and inclusive cities.
●Tony Marchi, New York City, USA, website comment Dongtan, China’s ultra-green city, was supposed to be ready and functioning in time for the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. The project was all about “zero emissions” and recycled waste. The city would ban cars, recycle water, and surround itself with organic farms and forests. Arup, a British engineering consultancy firm, was contracted in 2005 by the developer, the Shanghai Industrial Investment
Company, to design and masterplan the city. In 2005, the then prime minister of the UK, Tony Blair, signed a deal for the groundbreaking plan. The city was meant to become home for 50,000 people by 2020, yet the utopia never became a reality. In 2006 the project was halted indefinitely after it was discovered that the site had languished untouched, following a corruption scandal and financial problems. In 2007, the British magazine, Ethical Corporation, named Arup and Dongtan, winners of Greenwasher of the year award for 2007.
The world’s longest bridge and tunnel now connects the building site to Pudong, in outer Shanghai, but the ‘Dongtan dream’ has been abandoned.
● Pauline Ffrench, website comment
React to this? I haven’t seen many editions of Making It magazine – have you discussed nuclear power yet? On the one hand I’ve heard it called a vital lowcarbon energy source, on the other hand it’s expensive and creates dangerous waste. It would make a good ‘hot topic’!
● Marcus Falco, by email
Parag Khanna’s keynote article (“In the century of cities”) in Making lt number 18. Khanna talked about the need for shared responsibility between the public and private sectors – “what I call hybrid governance”, he writes, where industry plays an essential role in building sustainable and inclusive cities.
Steady prosperity has not been achieved throughout the world and there remain remarkable differences between and within regions, countries a...